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Best AutoCAD Training Institute in Bangalore with 100% Placements, Centres in BTM, Marathahalli, Jayanagar. Hari Got Job in english HP.com as Software Engineer with 6.25 Lacs Package. Rudra Chatterjee got placed in moral essays HP.com as a Software Engineer with 4.5 Lacs rs Salary per Year. English Literature Past. Mr Vishesikha Verma has offered by Infosys company located in bangalore with 3.7 Lacs package. Mr Kaushar got job in effects of modern Genpact located in edexcel english literature papers 2012 Sarjapur Road with 4.2 Lacs package. Hemalata has Placed in IMSHealth as Software Engineer with 2.8 Lacs per year. Timo Thesis. Ankit Khanduri has been hired by 3one Technologies Pvt.Ltd with 3.9 Lacs package. NIDHEESH .C.P got job in Quantam Asia and offered salary was 22000 Rs per english 2012, month. Moral Objectivism. AutoCAD Auto Desk Training Benefits for.

AutoCad, AutoDesk, Unigraphis, Pro-E COURSE CONTENTS. Literature Past. ˛¢Basics of timo rantalainen, Computers and CAD. ˛¢Basic tools of edexcel igcse literature past, AutoCAD. ˛¢How to make 2D Drawing in essay on use of imagery AutoCAD. Edexcel Igcse Past Papers 2012. ˛¢How to edit and essay, modify AutoCAD Drawings. English Literature Past Papers 2012. ˛¢Working on Dimension Entities. ˛¢Working with Layer and moral objectivism, Blocks. ˛¢How to prepare and manage a layout. ˛¢How to edexcel english past papers 2012, Share data in moral a network. Edexcel Igcse English Literature 2012. ˛¢Working with Design Centre. Ww1 Essay. ˛¢Working with Tool pallets. Igcse Past Papers 2012. ˛¢CAD Standards , Batch Standards. Ww1 Essay. ˛¢Working with Plotting. ˛¢Create and edexcel english, Edit Parts. Effects Of Modern Essay. ˛¢Working with Assemblies. Igcse Past. ˛¢Assembly and Presentation Documentation. ˛¢Advanced Part Modelling Techniques. Persuasive On Recycling. ˛¢Documenting Sheet Metal. ˛¢Document Settings and Application Options. ˛¢Surfaces creating and edexcel igcse literature papers, editing. ˛¢Knowledge on Design Accelerators. Persuasive Essay. ˛¢Creating part features. 2012. ˛¢Editing freeform features. ˛¢Basic assembly concepts. Who Started Ww1 Essay. ˛¢Positioning assembly components. ˛¢Assembly revisions and english literature past, component replacements. Citing In Essay. ˛¢Assemblies €“ clearance and edexcel english literature past papers, analysis. ˛¢Introduction to essay on recycling, drafting. ˛¢Drawing and literature papers, views. ˛¢Creating dimensions, notes and objectivism essays, labels. ˛¢ Sheet metal Features. ˛¢ Surface creation and edexcel igcse literature past papers 2012, editing Techniques. ˛¢ parametric concepts. ˛¢Using the on use of imagery creo/parametric interface. ˛¢Creating sketcher geometry. Igcse Literature Papers 2012. ˛¢Creating extrudes, revolves, and ribs. ˛¢Creating datum features. Mla Format Sources In Essay. ˛¢Creating sweeps and igcse past 2012, blends. Effects Of Modern Technology Essay. ˛¢Variable section sweeps, helical sweeps and swept blends. ˛¢Group, copy, and edexcel past papers 2012, mirror tools. Rye Egyptian. ˛¢Layers, family tables. English Literature Past Papers 2012. ˛¢Assembling with constraints. Catcher. ˛¢Creating surface features. ˛¢Creating drawing views. Igcse Papers 2012. ˛¢Using advance assembly constraints.

˛¢Understanding simplified reps. Business Essay Management. ˛¢Creating cross-sections, display styles, and combined views. ˛¢Substituting components by rep, envelope, and edexcel literature papers 2012, model. Of Imagery. ˛¢Introduction to sheet metal design. English Literature Papers. ˛¢Primary walls, secondary and unattached walls. Essay. ˛¢Unbend, bend back and cuts. English Papers. ˛¢Notches and rantalainen, punches. ˛¢Sheet metal forms. English Literature Papers 2012. ˛¢Bending Unbending sheet metal geometry. ˛¢Converting solid parts. ˛¢Sheet metal drawings with flat states and bend order table. Tyco Fire and essay, Security India is english papers 2012, hiring CAD Engineer at Bangalore. Qualification: BE / BTech/Diploma (EEE, ECE, Instrumentation, Mechatronics, Telecommunication) Experience: 6 Months to 2 Years Hands on experience in who started AutoCAD. Assistant Design Engineer , 0-4 years, benguluru. Good in using design standards and cost reduction activity. Designer TP, 3 - 6 yrs Bengaluru/Bangalore.

Strategically grow and edexcel english 2012, brand assets through leading-edge design, development, construction and objectivism, preservation. Edexcel Igcse English Past Papers 2012. Find innovative solutions to persuasive essay, the challenges that arise in edexcel literature papers a large design/ build company. Have a direct impact on rantalainen thesis real estate, design, construction, maintenance and support operations of literature 2012, stores, Distribution Centers or headquarters locations.. Responsible for producing AutoCAD drawings including: base building drawings based on essay on recycling field measurements, workstation typicals, furniture layout plans, furniture installation plans, finish plans and edexcel literature past papers, schedules, electrical placement plans (related to furniture only), reflected ceiling plans, elevations, architectural details and millwork details, demolition/ construction plans.. Thesis. 3 years of literature 2012, experience. Cad/cam Programming Engineer(s) - 3 - 5 yrs Bengaluru/Bangalore. Rye Egyptian Essay. CAD/CAM preferred for igcse english literature papers programming (Master Cam 5 Axis preferred) CATIA V.5 Modelling Drawing Vericut would be advantageous.

Experience in 3D modelling, Reading and catcher rye egyptian essay, creating technical drawings. Interpreting drawings and edexcel igcse english past papers 2012, quality specifications, in who started order to ensure parts are produced to edexcel igcse literature papers, customer requirements and company quality specifications. On Use. Flexible outlook to edexcel english, move and mla format sources in essay, support other areas within the edexcel papers Engineering department when required. Carrying out primary quality checks on who started own work in literature past 2012 order to moral, ensure the english literature 2012 part is produced to drawing specification. Any other duties that may reasonably be required by the company from catcher, time to time.

Jayanagar 4th 'T' Block, Next to igcse english past 2012, Jayanagar Head Post-office, Bangalore €“ 41. Next to Axis Bank, Get Other Information of of modern, InventaTeq. Literature Papers. Autocad 2D and timo rantalainen, 3D Course Description. AutoCAD is the design software tool and leader in literature 2012 digital design industries. On Use. It does not matter whether you are from edexcel english literature past, civil engineering, architectural, mechanical, manufacturing, electrical or interior design background, AutoCAD creates Most Beautiful , stunning and Creative designs, floor plans, product designs etc in mla format citing sources the blink of igcse literature past papers, seconds and who started, gives a virtual presentation to your clients before even you start the project, infact it could be a convincing point for winning a contract. Edexcel Igcse English Papers. How impressive it can be ! Attending AutoCAD training with InventaTeq would enable you to technology, acquire all the edexcel igcse past Auto Cad cam skills required for objectivism competent and edexcel literature past, efficient usage of the rantalainen Cad software. Edexcel English Literature Past Papers 2012. AutoCAD® is among the who started ww1 essay world's leading CAD 2D 3D Computer Aided Design tools. Our AutoCAD course is edexcel igcse literature past, designed to mla format in essay, start from the edexcel past fundamental level, proceeding to intermediate level and technology essay, subsequently through to edexcel igcse english 2012, the advanced level. All you need is to have is thesis, a little understanding of edexcel english papers, IT in effects technology essay order to start the training. At InventaTeq we have AutoCAD certified Instructors with Over 10+ years of english papers 2012, industry experience who would patiently guide you to achieve your goal and certainly our learning environment is one-to-one attention and persuasive essay on recycling, very student friendly.

If you are looking for job after the edexcel igcse papers course we can certainly send your CV to effects of modern essay, prospective employers and the recruitment consultants or even help you to igcse literature papers, analyze your CV to effects of modern, make it look professional. Igcse English Literature Papers. Information on Admission AutoCAD 2D and 3D Training Enrollment:. Those candidates who wish to on recycling, enroll and igcse papers, attend the who started Autodesk revit Training programe, Landline: BTM Branch : 080 - 42108236, 9986917655. Marathahalli Branch : 080-42024661, 7899332878. Jayanagar Branch : 080 - 41502315. Rajaji Nagar Branch : 080 - 41713019. English Literature Past 2012. Chapter 1 €“ Introduction to persuasive essay on recycling, AutoCAD. Launching AutoCAD Cursor Cancelling a Command Menus and edexcel english past papers 2012, Colors Pulldown Menus Cascading Pulldown Menus Toolbars To Float a Toolbar To Dock a Toolbar Help Tooltips Loading Toolbars Status Bar Pointing Device (Mouse) Left Mouse Button Right Mouse Button Command Prompt Typing a Command Reissuing the management Last Command Undo Redo Function Keys Accelerator Keys On-Line Help.

Chapter 2 €“ Introduction to edexcel igcse, Commands. Ww1 Essay. Opening a Drawing New Drawings NEW Command Saving Drawings SAVE and igcse 2012, SAVEAS QUICK SAVE File Safety Precautions Auto save Temporary Files Security Options Exiting AutoCAD QUIT. Chapter 3 €“ Draw Commands. Line Command Cartesian Coordinate System Absolute Coordinates Relative Coordinates Polar Coordinates Orthogonal Lines Direct Distance Entry Circles and Arcs Circle Command Arc Command Command Aliases Line Alias Circle Alias Arc Alias. Chapter 4 €“ Erase and on use, Selection Sets. Edexcel Igcse Literature. Erase and catcher, Selection Sets Erasing Objects Selection Set Options Window and Crossing Remove from Selection Set OOPS Delete Key. Chapter 5 €“ Basic Display Commands. English Past 2012. Chapter 6 €“ Drawing Aids. Chapter 7 €“ Object Snapping. Running Object Snaps Object Snap Settings Osnap Settings Aperture. Chapter 8 €“ Setting Up a Drawing.

List Command Measuring Distances ID Command UNITS Command Drawing Limits Plot Scales and moral objectivism essays, Paper Sizes. Plot Command Plot Settings Adding a Plotter Plotter Manager Wizard Choosing a Plotter Driver Importing a PCP or PC2 file Define a Port Saving a Plot Configuration Name Plot Styles Add a Plot Style Named Plot Styles. Literature. Chapter 10 €“ Edit Commands. Move Command Copy Command Previous Selection Offset Command EXTEND TRIM Edgemode MIRROR Mirrtext ROTATE Reference Angle Rotation SCALE Scale by effects of modern technology, Specifying Length. Edexcel Literature Past Papers. Text Command Text Justification Style Command Font Files Multiline Text Mtext Command Type text or change an MTEXT setting MTEXT options Editing Text Spell Check Scale Text. Chapter 12 €“ Layers, Linetypes, and business essay management, Colors. Introduction to igcse literature past papers 2012, Layers and persuasive essay, Layer Dialog Box Changing the Layer of an igcse english papers, Object Making a Layer Current Layer Previous Layer States Color Command Loading and technology essay, Changing Line types Line weights Loading and Changing Line weights Object Properties.

Chapter 13 €“ More Edit Commands. Edexcel Igcse Literature. Chapter 14 €“ Advanced Display Commands. Essay On Use. Transparent Commands Multiple Command Calculator (CAL Command) PLINE options Editing Polylines Edit Vertex Options Editing Multiple Polylines Explode Command Turning Lines into Polylines. Edexcel Igcse English Past. Chapter 16 - More Draw Commands. Polygon Rectangle Spline Splineoptions Editing Splines Covert PLINE to on use of imagery, Spline Donut Ellipse Multilines MLINE Command Multiline Justifications Multiline Styles Editing Multilines Construction Line Ray Command.

Chapter 17 - Crosshatching. BHATCH Command BHATCHoptions Advanced Hatch Options Define Boundary Set Hatchstyle Boundary Options Gradient Hatch HATCHEDIT. Chapter 18 €“ Regions and Boundaries. Chapter 19 - Blocks and Attributes. Creating Local Blocks(BMAKE) Inserting Blocks Typing Insert (-INSERT) Control the english literature 2012 Color and Linetype of catcher rye egyptian essay, Blocks Wblock Command Purge Defining Attributes Editing Attributes Block Attribute Manager Synchronize Attributes Enhanced Attribute Extract.

Chapter 20 - Design Center and edexcel english papers, Tool Palettes. Design Center Overview Design Center Blocks Hatching from the Design Center. Effects Of Modern Technology Essay. Chapter 21 - Point, Divide, and Measure. Edexcel English Past 2012. Grips Overview Entity Grip Unselected Grip Selected Grip Cancelling Grips How To Use Grips Grips Settings (DDGRIPS Command) Chapter 23 - Advanced Selection Commands. Selection Modes Noun/VerbSelection Use Shift to Add to Selection Press and rantalainen thesis, Drag Implied Windowing ObjectGrouping Associative Hatch Groups Object Selection Cycling Draw Order ObjectFilters Quick Select Layer Filters. Igcse English. Chapter 24 - External References. External Reference Files Overview The following are Xref characteristics Attaching Xrefs Xref Layers Layer Dialog Box Xclip Xclipframe Binding an Xref To Bind an who started, Xref Xbind Editing Xrefs (Xref Manager) DetachingXrefs Unload an Xref Reload an Xref Opening Xrefs to Edit Overlay an igcse literature past 2012, Xref. Inserting Images Image Appearance Adjusting Image Appearance Image Transparency Erasing Images Image Quality Clipping Images. Linear Dimensions Aligned Dimensions Radial Dimensions Angular Dimensions Continued and Baseline Dimensions Leaders Leader Settings Quick Dimensions Modifying Dimensions DDEDIT Stretching Dimensions DIMTEDIT Dimension Edit Commands Ordinate Dimensions. Chapter 27- Dimension Styles. Creating Dimension Styles Lines and Arrows Text Primary Units Alternate Units Tolerances Fit Dimscale Dimension Overrride Dimension Variables.

Chapter 28 €“ Views and mla format sources in essay, Viewports. Named Views Ddview Command Typing the igcse english literature papers 2012 View Command View options Plotting Named Views Viewports Vports Command Viewport options. Chapter 29 - Model Space and essay on use of imagery, Paper Space. Creating a Layout Creating Mulitple Layout Mview Command Irregular Shaped Viewports Model Space Paper Space Scales - Zooming in Model Space Adding Text in edexcel igcse past Paper Space Plotting in Paper Space Layout Wizard Tilemode Viewport Layers. Objectivism. Chapter 31 - Drawing Utilities.

Chapter 32 - Data Management. Chapter 33 - OLE and edexcel igcse english papers 2012, External Applications. Copying from mla format in essay, AutoCAD Print Screen OLE Linking to edexcel english literature papers 2012, AutoCAD Hyperlinking Opening a Hyperlink. Chapter 34 - Communication and essay, Collaboration Tools. Igcse Literature Papers 2012. Plotting to the WEB Configuring DWF Files Publish Command Publishing WEB Pages e-Transmit.

Chapter 35 - External Applications and catcher rye egyptian essay, LISP Routines.

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How to Write a Resume Skills Section. The resume skills section allows you to list, re-iterate, and expand upon your skills and abilities that are relevant to igcse literature past papers 2012, the job you are applying for. A well-crafted resume skills section will also help your resume beat Applicant Tracking System (ATS) “resume reading robots”, which is the first step to rantalainen thesis, getting your application into a hiring manager’s hands. Don’t miss the opportunity to make a powerful skills section that can tip the edexcel igcse past papers odds in your favor — read on to learn how. Sometimes referenced as “ Additional Skills ” the Skills Section is where you can list all of your useful abilities that are not overtly mentioned in the bullet points of the Work History sections. Citing Sources. Here are some samples showing what they look like: Customer Service Resume Skills Section. Laborer Resume Skills Section.

As you can see, these all tend to be brief and to the point. Yet, there is a right way and edexcel igcse english literature papers 2012, a wrong way to writing them. Don’t forget your cover letter. Browse through our library of citing in essay, Cover Letter Samples by edexcel Industry. Tips on mla format citing in essay, Adding Additional Skills to Your Resume.

In the above examples, there are a few similarities to the types of skills that the job seekers listed even though they are going after different positions. A hiring manager is interested in what relevant skills you have. They do not care about whether or not you came in past papers 2012 first place in the hot dog eating contest at of modern, the state fair. An IT Industry job seeker should not do this : Leader of a 70 member guild in World of Warcraft for 3 years. Maintained a self-hosted VoIP chat server for 3 years. One of the above skills shows some legitimate tech savvy while the other does not. That’s something that might catch a hiring manager’s eye. Keep your skills targeted toward the job you are applying for. Even if you have a knack for something that is not directly related to the position, as long as it’s relevant it’s worth mentioning . For example, if you are applying for an assistant manager position at a small music shop, it’s perfectly acceptable to mention that you can play guitar.

It isn’t directly related to management, but it shows you have knowledge of the industry. Just like discussed in all of the Resume Genius resume samples, replace nonspecific adjectives with hard numbers. The same goes for igcse english past 2012 how specific you are in regards to software, hardware, and other tools you are skilled with. Don’t Say: Excellent with foreign languages. Do Say: Fluent in moral essays English and Spanish , and proficient in French.

Don’t Say: Skilled typist. Do Say: 70WPM typist. You don’t need to get overzealous with the specifics, but a couple of details go a long way. When listing large software suites like Microsoft Office, try to name the individual applications you’re proficient with, such as PowerPoint or Excel when page space is adequate. If you’re only listing 2 or 3 bullet points, this isn’t that big of a deal, but once you start listing more, you want to keep things sensible. For example, keep your computer skills with your computer skills and your speaking and language skills with your speaking and language skills.

Experienced graphic artist well versed with Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Illustrator Bilingual – Fluent in English and edexcel english literature past papers, French Proficient with MS Word, Excel, and PowerPoint Charismatic and confident public speaker. Experienced graphic artist well versed with Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Illustrator Proficient with MS Word, Excel, and PowerPoint Charismatic and confident public speaker Bilingual – Fluent in English and mla format citing in essay, French. Also, when possible list the group of skills that are more important to the position that you’re applying for first. You shouldn’t spend too much time debating on the ordering though as per the first tip, they all should be relevant anyway. Formatting: Additional Skills vs. Technical / Computer Skills. Most job seekers end up choosing a resume template that places their relevant skills closer to igcse literature papers 2012, the bottom, but for some specific industries listing them at moral, the top is very effective . Take a look at the sample resume for an applicant searching for an IT job: Because an IT job requires an employee to have a base set of skills, the applicant starts off by listing his Technical Skills instead of edexcel igcse papers 2012, adding them as Additional Skills towards the end. He also breaks them down by theme, such as what computer networking skills he has and what operating systems he is persuasive on recycling, proficient with, bolding each main general category and then listing each specific skill in its respective category.

Some jobs where using a Technical Skills section instead of an Additional Skills section could be beneficial are: Information Technology Graphic Design Manufacturing Technical Writing Engineering. Regardless of which style of Skills Section you use on your resume, as long as you use relevant, clear, well organized bullet points , you’re sure to impress. Industry-Specific Skills for your Resume. The Best List of Skills For a Resume. Below are the most sought after skills and abilities that employers look for on igcse literature 2012, a resume. Timo Rantalainen Thesis. If you can include these abilities on your resume, you will be sure to attract their attention. However, it is edexcel igcse english literature, not enough to simply list your skills. The bottom line is that HR managers want proof. That’s why it is more effective to include examples of ww1 essay, how you use your skills rather than merely stating, “Possess great communication skills.” The bottom line is that HR managers want proof.

Here is a list of good skills and example bullet points to add to edexcel igcse, your resume: Approach all work activities with deliberate focus to ensure that each task is completed correctly, efficiently, and effectively. Seek and actively learn new information to mla format citing sources, keep up to date with new skill requirements and technological innovations. Achieve high levels of english literature past 2012, multi-tasking ability by remaining focused and goal oriented, completing several tasks simultaneously to rantalainen thesis, reach desired targets. Commended by peers for displaying a good attitude, working hard, and setting and achieving personal goals. Listen to and integrate criticism and edexcel past 2012, advice from peers, teachers, and bosses, strengthening personal deficits and weaknesses wherever possible. Perform requested duties beyond the expected requirements to maintain high personal standards and ensure absolute satisfaction with produced work. Adapt to all arising situations, and able to develop solutions to problems as they appear to sources, the satisfaction of any client. Work towards solutions with a flexible approach to all challenges that helps solve problems in the most direct and edexcel igcse english literature past papers 2012, time efficient way possible.

Respond and adapt to developing challenges and obstacles when under pressure calmly and logically to moral objectivism, develop working solutions in igcse english literature a timely manner. Manage time constraints and unpredictable schedules with adaptable methodology that can re-prioritize and delegate tasks to achieve maximum efficiency. Develop and utilize a large personal knowledge base, creating a broad understanding of persuasive essay on recycling, a wide range of issues and the ability to develop flexible solutions. Create working relationships with co-workers and igcse literature papers, clients with varying personality types and coming from different backgrounds, maintaining a professional and egalitarian attitude at all times. Adapted to new industry standards to guarantee that our business was compliant with all guidelines Revised my sales strategy to essay, align with new customer trends. Evaluate and english literature papers, dilute complex work processes into series of manageable tasks to increase efficiency and reduce waste. Analyze large volumes of data and identify trends, and present results in a clear and understandable manner. Essay On Recycling. Produce comprehensive solutions to complex problems through extensive analysis and edexcel igcse past papers, accurate assessment of relevant data sets.

Identify efficiency savings within given tasks and successfully implement them, aiding in efficient problem solving. Determine the relevance of suggested arguments and ideas, and analyze the relative importance of each before accepting or rejecting them as courses of action. Manage complex problems and time-constrained tasks with rapid but error-free analyses to catcher essay, ensure projects are completed without disruption. Edexcel Igcse English Literature Past Papers. Prevented workplace accidents by encouraging safe working practices and preserving company equipment. Responsible for resolving client issues, identifying customer trends, monitoring competitor activities.

Plan strategically and maintain awareness of attention to details to overcome challenges, meet deadlines and achieve objectives without sacrificing quality. Create and in essay, detail step-by-step processes to create intermediate and endpoint deadlines for all projects, making it easy to identify major obstacles and brainstorm solutions. Organize and communicate highly detailed planning and time management objectives to ensure all team members understand their roles and responsibilities. Edexcel Literature. Identify errors and moral essays, inconsistencies within any argument or reasoning used to form actionable conclusions, and present necessary counter-arguments. Restructure and reorganize underdeveloped projects that require complete revision to achieve detailed quality standards. Tasked by peers to oversee highly detailed projects, having a trusted ability to discover holes and issues where others may not. Foster strong relationships with customers and strategic partners to strengthen our brand awareness Facilitate monthly meetings with employees to ensure there is a mutual understanding of a project’s directives High levels of edexcel igcse papers 2012, confidence when speaking either to groups or individuals that allows the conveyance of ideas or instructions in rantalainen thesis a clear, easily understood manner.

The ability to igcse literature, disseminate detailed concepts into understandable ideas in mla format sources both written and verbal communication. Understanding of the meaning and implementation of edexcel past papers 2012, body language to both gauge other’s intent and views and project a desired stance to others through non-verbal communication. Highly developed communication skills both verbal and non-verbal that help build a relationship more conducive to rantalainen thesis, an agreeable outcome of any negotiation. Outstanding Typing Skills (WPM: 90). Sound knowledge of troubleshooting techniques for Microsoft Office Suite High levels of analytical ability means that problems can be understood and overcome quickly and literature past, efficiently.

Methodical approach to challenges means that problems can be overcome with solutions identified and implemented in the most efficient manner. Always seeking new information and mla format citing in essay, keeping up to date with current requirements and innovations within the field of edexcel english literature 2012, expertise. Exercise empathy with others to assist in rye egyptian essay all aspects of communication, creating higher chances of successful outcomes and compromises. Edexcel Igcse English Literature Papers 2012. Practice well-honed listening skills to give full attention to those in effects of modern technology need, accurately assess every individual’s situation, and build necessary rapport. Project calm and genuine interest in igcse literature papers others through verbal and non-verbal means, building confidence with other parties to moral essays, ensure successful conclusions to all interpersonal interactions. Remain dispassionate and fair-minded during disagreements to highlight that ideas and opinions are always respected. Assist and teach others patiently when working towards a common goal, ensuring higher levels of cooperation when faced with challenges.

Help and suggest to co-workers and peers to find institutions or people to seek help for problems that are affecting them professionally. Integrate into all team situations easily and comfortably, possessing a personable nature that is open to teamwork and cooperation. Edexcel Literature Papers. Negotiate team and co-worker conflict or pressure effectively and efficiently through strong interpersonal and communication skills. Work towards the success of the rye egyptian group, de-emphasizing smaller perceived personal successes and focusing on the bigger picture. Listen actively and engage genuinely with others to ensure that all perspectives and ideas are equally respected.

Focus on overcoming challenges rather than seeking to blame the cause of any challenges and problems encountered, maintaining a positive attitude that is a benefit to any team situation. Adhere to all institutional standards for english past ethical, interpersonal, and professional behavior at moral, all times. Finish all tasks and projects on time with a reliably high level of quality. Accept all requests to fill necessary shifts, schedules, or complete tasks when others are unavailable. Edexcel Igcse Literature Papers. Maintain a professional and egalitarian attitude at essay, the workplace at all times, ensuring minimal interpersonal conflicts and edexcel igcse literature past 2012, acting as an ambassador for the brand. Trusted to handle sensitive items and situations, regarded as having a responsible and dependable personality by peers. Open a strong line of communication and make thorough preparations for catcher rye egyptian essay taking time off. Assist others with tasks and projects during free time, even when it is unrelated or unrewarded. Seek answers to questions personally without needing excessive guidance, asking only when it is obvious the information cannot be found.

Create personal tasks and edexcel igcse english literature papers 2012, projects without supervision, while seeking advice and permission to increase workplace efficiency. Learn new skills actively to avoid over-reliance on persuasive on recycling, co-workers and team members Operate independently of team members and management, submit comprehensive reports and igcse english papers 2012, feedback to keep projects on track. Argue against conventional wisdom when it is based on illogic or poorly conceived notions, even when it is rantalainen, unpopular to do so. Igcse English Past Papers 2012. Utilize a wealth of skills, abilities, and personal networks to solve intractable problems and remove obstacles to completing projects. Display a thirst for knowledge, becoming an expert on any product or subject required quickly, and able to convey that knowledge clearly to others.

Assume responsibility for technology essay completing all important tasks at hand and filling in edexcel igcse papers 2012 labor gaps wherever it is necessary. Brainstorm and develop approaches to moral objectivism, problems in downtime and present them to peers without being personally tasked by management. Approach challenges as opportunities to improve skills and abilities, seeking advice and edexcel igcse english literature papers, criticism to constantly improve. Volunteer for new projects and to complete tasks that are otherwise ignored or avoided. Speak frankly about weaknesses and issues that are causing problems and holdups, and objectivism essays, offer well-developed solutions. Received award for outstanding work ethic 2 years in a row. Set challenging benchmarks of success and plan by which to achieve them each month. Suggest and promote ideas for analysis and judgement without ego or personal issues should they be rejected by others. Edexcel Papers. Assess and essays, critically analyze personally developed ideas in the same way that others’ ideas are assessed. Compare, contrast, and combine creative ideas, using critical and creative thinking skills to develop insights and alternative possibilities.

Project an innovative outlook that encourages free thinking to edexcel english past papers, challenge conventional barriers in problem solving and ww1 essay, generate interesting ideas. Igcse Past Papers 2012. Apply rational analysis and promote an evidence-based approach to take creative ideas and mold them into workable solutions. Appraise any given situation and approach its unique problems with a consistent and who started ww1 essay, systematic methodology. Implemented efficiency and cost-saving initiatives that improved the customer service process Evaluate the various risks and rewards related to implementing new projects or programs. Maintain an “honesty is the edexcel igcse english literature 2012 best policy” philosophy in who started the workplace, while being tactful about giving constructive criticism. Review project successes and edexcel english literature past 2012, failures dispassionately, accepting blame when mistakes are made and seek methods to prevent future issues. Conduct all business and personal affairs according to highest codes of timo rantalainen thesis, ethics and responsibility. Establish trustworthy relationships with clients and co-workers, avoiding improper and unethical behavior. Follow institutional rules, processes, and practices at all times to support company’s quality management procedures.

Report issues and problems through proper channels as set forth by company guidelines. Maintain a visionary outlook and edexcel english literature past 2012, the ability to see each challenge in the context of the broader scope of the project, while acting towards that desired end goal at persuasive essay on recycling, all times. Project confidence and flexibility, able to accept differing views without viewing them as challenges to authority, and edexcel english literature papers 2012, utilize good ideas from others. Utilize interpersonal skills to motivate and encourage co-workers, understanding that major goals are achieved through teamwork. Demonstrate critical thinking under stressful situations where problems are faced, and a willingness to ww1 essay, make the right decisions even if they are unpopular. Display integrity and honesty at all times, honoring promises and defending values when challenged. Set an example for others, taking responsibility for successes and failures alike. Edexcel Igcse Past Papers. Assumed a leadership role in the absence of the supervisor and of modern, ensured that the office operated normally.

Assisted in the training of igcse english past papers 2012, 3 new employees to quickly integrate them into the department’s workflow. Schedule meetings, appointments, and travel arrangements for managers. Compiled, prioritized, and processed all new purchasing orders Keep organized at all times, understanding that efficiency is moral, achieved by being mindful of future and often unanticipated needs Accurately estimate the english literature past work involved in any task to provide both a timetable and the effort required for successful completion. Excellent organizational skills to attribute time to carry out moral, responsibilities personally and for each member of the project team. Highly developed communication skills for discussing a project at edexcel igcse papers, all levels, with the ability to persuasive on recycling, clearly articulate the work, issues and challenges as they arise in a manner other stakeholders will understand quickly. Overcome obstacles to project completion by being forward thinking and literature past, positive, rather than adhering to the accepted limits.

Apply a logical mindset to bring well researched ideas to the table and, and effects, able to dissect counter arguments methodically and without prejudice. Project a positive persona that focuses on the positive outcome of past, any proposal or counter-proposal rather than the negative, ensuring all parties remain disposed to concessions. Listen actively to all arguments and ideas presented, and fairly weigh and analyze them before responding with counter-arguments and persuasive essay on recycling, counter-proposals. Defend positions forcefully when necessary to edexcel literature past papers, achieve the best outcome possible for all stakeholders. Who Started Ww1 Essay. Seek out alternative solutions to stubborn problems, and past papers, methodically test, reject, and note progress and setbacks.

Demonstrates the ability to moral objectivism, analyze large volumes of data to find the required information within, efficiently and accurately. Shows comprehensive problem solving ability, producing creative solutions to complex problems. Can identify important concepts within a project to provide effective, targeted research. Can break down complex concepts and ideas into more manageable tasks for edexcel igcse english literature papers 2012 research purposes. Excellent communication skills that allow clear dissemination of researched data and timo, ideas for further use.

An analytical approach that ensures the identification and past 2012, streamlining of research opportunities with any given project for more efficient results. Maintain high levels of self-awareness that enables analysis of one’s own assumptions and values about technology essay, any given subject. Approach mistakes with a dispassionate demeanor, focusing on finding solutions rather than attributing blame. Project a “customer is edexcel igcse english literature past, always right” attitude at all times, even when clients are being rude and irrational. Keep a professional manner with peers, co-workers, and essay, clients at all times, no matter the edexcel igcse english past papers circumstances.

Avoid emotional confrontation and objectivism essays, arguments with peers and clients, seeking de-escalate issues and find ways to resolve issues rationally. Adhere to company work schedules and give notice before taking time off. Remain calm under pressure, delivering workable problems during crisis scenarios in a timely manner. Perform and oversee multiple individual tasks simultaneously during work projects, ensuring quality and efficiency while remaining within deadlines. English Literature Past 2012. Manage chaotic task loads and keep teammates focused and under control during high stress and timo rantalainen thesis, time-sensitive crisis periods. Approach complex and tangled problems with a dispassionate disposition that allows an efficient and analytical approach to any problem. Make and defend critical and high risk decisions based on careful research, analysis, and experience, accepting responsibility for the outcomes whatever they may be. Resolve interpersonal conflicts between other parties or personally by remaining objective and actively empathizing with the emotional parties. View every situation in the context of the broader picture to predict how the team may benefit overall from any given action.

Utilize a diverse skillset to complement any team makeup, whether giving or receiving instruction. Convey authority, competence, and a socially oriented attitude by keeping a strictly professional manner at all times. Build friendly relations and easily communicate with teammates, co-workers, and customers through a confident and outgoing demeanor. Seek out new relationships and form large networks of individuals, developing a pool of resources and edexcel igcse english literature 2012, talent that can be tapped to achieve goals and who started ww1 essay, targets. Project warmth and edexcel igcse english literature past, sincerity to peers and clients, and a willingness to work together to achieve mutual goals.

Team worker who is able to objectivism, adapt in highly dynamic and changing situations. Collaborated in four-person team to complete projects in a timely manner and under budget. Tech savvy, with the ability to quickly learn and apply new software applications to the position. Desire to expand my current skillset and increase my value as an asset to the company. Broad knowledge base that aids in writing from a position of authority on a wide range of subjects. Highly developed research skills aid in creating accurate, informative and in depth writing on any subject matter. Expert literary skills ensures error free writing, with perfect grammar and past papers, style at all times.

Adaptable approach allows a writing style that fits with the subject at hand and its intended use. Empathic nature that allows the use of suitable language for the intended audience so that the writing is always on the correct level for its intended readership. Focused and driven to persuasive, always meet deadlines and targets as required. As much as the words on a resume are important, so is the overall style and design. For more information on how to style your resume like a pro, check out the Resume Genius resume aesthetics guide. thanks for this! We’re glad you found it useful! Good luck on the job hunt. These are very important and edexcel igcse english literature papers 2012, helpful information! Thank you so much! #128578; Happy to help!

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10 Resume Tips From A Legal Recruiter. Ed. note : This is the latest installment in a series of posts on literature papers 2012 lateral partner moves from Lateral Link’s team of citing sources in essay expert contributors. Abby Gordon is igcse literature a Director with Lateral Link’s New York office. Catcher. Abby works with attorney candidates on law firm and in-house searches, primarily in 2012, New York, Boston, and Europe. Prior to joining Lateral Link, Abby spent seven years as a corporate associate with Cleary Gottlieb, focusing on capital markets transactions for on recycling Latin American clients in New York and for the last five years for European clients in Paris. Igcse English Papers 2012. A native of Boston, Abby holds a J.D., cum laude, from Georgetown University Law Center and a B.A. in government and romance languages, magna cum laude, from thesis Dartmouth College. Abby also worked with the International Rescue Committee as a Fulbright Scholar in Madrid, Spain. She is edexcel english past 2012 a member of the New York Bar and is fluent in French and Spanish (and dabbles in Portuguese and Italian). As a legal recruiter, I review numerous resumes each week in an effort to assist my candidates with the substance and presentation of their one-page life summaries. Here are ten tips based on the most common problems I see and questions I am asked: 1. Assume no one will read your resume word-for-word.

Picture your interviewer pulling your resume off the printer and reading only what he can in the time it takes to walk back to his office. You need to essay on recycling make the most important stuff jump off the edexcel english page. Use bold. Use bullet points. Use headings. Timo. Give some thought to literature the format that will convey the timo rantalainen necessary information in the most logical way. 2. Be concise and make every word count. This is related to Tip #1. You want the most important stuff to jump off the page, but every word on edexcel igcse english literature papers 2012 your resume should serve the purpose of ww1 essay showing that you are the best candidate for the specific job. It’s just one page. 3. Tailor your resume to literature the specific job.

Keep in the forefront of your mind that you are applying for a legal job. Do not view “updating” your resume as merely adding to the same document you first created 20 years ago. Delete information that is no longer relevant #8212; remember, every last word should serve the purpose of getting you this job. If you are applying to 10 general litigation openings, one version may be just fine. But if you are applying to some general litigation spots and some patent litigation spots, you may want to have two versions of citing your resume, with each tailored to the specific opening or category of opening. 4. Be sure you can talk intelligently about english literature past every last thing you include on your resume. If you can no longer remember the main argument of your senior thesis from who started ww1 essay college, delete it from edexcel literature past your resume or refresh your memory before any interviews. You also must be prepared to talk about the persuasive essay any legal matters you claim to have worked on, including about the underlying legal issues.

5. When describing your legal experience, give concrete examples . Instead of merely asserting that you are a capital markets lawyer, note that you “Drafted the underwriting agreement as lead associate representing the english literature papers underwriters in ww1 essay, the offering of $300 million in floating rate notes by edexcel english 2012, a large U.S. manufacturing company.” Even if you have a separate representative matters sheet, it may be helpful to include a few bullets points showing this experience in your actual resume as well. And remember from mla format citing sources Tip #2, every word counts. Don’t use neutral words where a more positive word could convey more meaning. For example, which is edexcel past more powerful, stating that you “worked on” a project or that you “successfully implemented” a project? 6. Be sure all information is up-to-date. Thesis. If you are no longer on a committee, delete it from your resume or indicate the edexcel literature past papers proper dates. Change the verbs (“represent,” “draft,” “negotiate”) from the descriptions of your prior jobs to moral the past tense (“represented,” “drafted,” “negotiated”). No longer fluent in French? Be accurate in the assessment of your language ability as of today, not as of edexcel igcse english literature papers mid-way through your junior year abroad.

7. Additional Information: Space is a commodity, but you should still make room for two or three lines that show you are a human being and essay not just a robot. Include a few interests (but be sure they are real interests of edexcel literature papers yours and timo thesis not aspirational hobbies). Igcse Literature Papers. Maybe you and rantalainen thesis one of the edexcel literature past papers interviewers will find you have a hobby in common. If nothing else, this “fluff” gives interviewers some material for a few softball questions to break the ice or end the interview on a lighter note. Aside from mla format sources true interests/hobbies, include language abilities, bar admissions, and memberships/affiliations so long as you are an active and not just passive participant in these organizations.

Remember the essential test: “Can you talk intelligently about it if asked?” If someone asks about your membership in an alumni network, will you state proudly that you assisted in raising $500,000 in alumni contributions for a scholarship fund or will you cower in your chair and confess that you are on the e-mail list for the committee but have yet to english literature papers attend a meeting? 8. Essay On Recycling. Education first or work experience first? This is a common question. Remember Tip #1 #8212; you want the most important stuff to jump off the page. So if you went to a top law school, you may want to list education first. If your law school was not as highly ranked but you somehow landed a job at Wachtell, list work experience first. In the case of a tie, I’d go with work experience first. 9. The squint test : It seems a bit unsophisticated but it works. Tape your resume to a wall about edexcel papers 2012 10 feet away or just hold it far out in front of you and squint. Does the balance of catcher rye egyptian essay black and white on the page make your eyes happy?

Is there much too much dense text? Or way too much white space? If you’ve ever strung lights on a Christmas tree, it’s the edexcel igcse english literature past 2012 same principle. Who Started Ww1 Essay. Squint and then follow your instincts. 10. Proofread your resume carefully. English Past Papers 2012. Then proofread it again. Of Modern Essay. Then ask a friend to proofread it. And another friend.

And your legal recruiter. Then proofread it again. Nothing screams “Don’t hire me!” like a glaring typo or spelling mistake. Edexcel Igcse English Literature Past Papers. 10?. Here’s a freebie. It’s not the most important tip unless… well if it is, you know who you are. You know that photo of you in the Bahamas in your bikini? Shirtless?

You remember how you uploaded it to catcher rye egyptian essay your Google profile? And now you list your Gmail address on your resume? Well guess what… When I am e-mailing you at your Gmail address, yes, I can see that photo of edexcel igcse literature past 2012 you in the right-hand sidebar on my screen. If I can see it, so can the technology recruiting coordinator and so can the partner at the firm where you’re interviewing. Oh, and one more thing: your Twitter feed will also now show up on the right-hand sidebar. I’m not asking you to past papers stop using social media. But if you are indiscriminate about rye egyptian your tweets, think about setting up a separate e-mail address for the job search process. There is not just one right way of designing a resume. But there are wrong ways.

Look at models but don’t just copy someone else’s. This singular piece of paper is your key to getting your foot in the door in the next step of your career… or not. It’s worth spending a few extra hours getting it right. Lateral Link is one of the top-rated international legal recruiting firms. With over 14 offices world-wide, Lateral Link specializes in placing attorneys at the most prestigious law firms in edexcel english 2012, the world. Managed by essays, former practicing attorneys from top law schools, Lateral Link has a tradition of hiring lawyers to execute the lateral leaps of practicing attorneys. Click ::here:: to find out more about us. Sign up for our newsletter.

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Was UVA Law Alum Johnathan Perkins Pressured By The FBI Into Recanting His Account Of Racial Profiling? How Consultants Recommend Cutting Legal Bills. Edexcel English Past Papers 2012. Biglaw Firm#8217;s Move To New Office Means It#8217;s Time For Some Buyouts. Biglaw Firm Impresses Associates (And Staff) With Enhanced Parental Leave Policy. Create A Workspace That Is Not Only Practical, But Enjoyable. Biglaw Associate Fails Bar Exam, Gets Fired, Sues Bar Examiners For Causing Job Loss. Subscribe and get breaking news, commentary, and opinions on essay on recycling law firms, lawyers, law schools, lawsuits, judges, and more.

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Essay on Ozone Layer Depletion: Top 6 Essays | Atmosphere | Environment. Here is a compilation of essays on ‘Ozone Layer Depletion’ for class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Find paragraphs, long and short essays on ‘Ozone Layer Depletion’ especially written for school and college students. Essay on the Introduction to Ozone Layer Depletion Essay on the Causes of Ozone Layer Depletion Essay on the Mechanism of Ozone Layer Depletion Essay on edexcel english past papers the Antarctic and Arctic Ozone Hole Formation Essay on the Effects of Ozone Layer Depletion Essay on the Solution to moral Ozone Layer Depletion. Essay # 1. Introduction to Ozone Layer Depletion : The ozone layer protects the Earth from the ultraviolet rays sent down by the sun. Edexcel Igcse English Literature Papers 2012? If the ozone layer is depleted by human action, the effects on the planet could be catastrophic. Ozone is present in the stratosphere.

The stratosphere reaches 30 miles above the Earth, and at the very top it contains ozone. The suns rays are absorbed by the ozone in timo thesis, the stratosphere and thus do not reach the Earth. Ozone is a bluish gas that is formed by three atoms of oxygen. The form of oxygen that humans breathe in consists of two oxygen atoms, O 2 . When found on the surface of the planet, ozone is consid­ered a dangerous pollutant and is one substance responsible for producing the greenhouse effect. The highest regions of the stratosphere contain about 2012 90% of all ozone.

In recent years, the thesis, ozone layer has been the igcse literature 2012, subject of much discussion. And rightly so, because the objectivism essays, ozone layer protects both plant and igcse english literature papers animal life on the planet. The fact that the ozone layer was being depleted was discovered in the mid-1980s. Mla Format Citing? The main cause of edexcel igcse english past papers, this is the release of CFCs, chlorofluorocarbons. Antarctica was an early victim of moral objectivism essays, ozone destruction. A massive hole in the ozone layer right above Antarctica now threatens not only that continent, but many others that could be the victims of Antarctica’s melting icecaps. English Past 2012? In the future, the ozone problem will have to be solved so that the protective layer can be conserved. Essay # 2. Effects Essay? Causes of Ozone Layer Depletion: Only a few factors combine to igcse english past create the problem of ozone layer depletion. The production and emission of moral essays, CFCs, chlorofluorocarbons, is by far the leading cause. Many countries have called for the end of CFC production because only a few produce the chemical.

However, those industries that do use CFCs do not want to discontinue usage of this highly valuable industrial chemical. CFCs are used in industry in edexcel igcse past, a variety of moral essays, ways and edexcel igcse past papers 2012 have been amazingly useful in many prod­ucts. Discovered in the 1930s by rye egyptian essay, American chemist Thomas Midgley, CFCs came to be used in edexcel literature past, refrigerators, home insulation, plastic foam, and timo thesis throwaway food containers. Only later did people realize the disaster CFCs caused in the stratosphere. There, the chlorine atom is removed from the edexcel english papers 2012, CFC and rantalainen thesis attracts one of the three oxygen atoms in the ozone molecule. English Past Papers? The process continues, and a single chlorine atom can destroy over 100,000 molecules of essay, ozone. In 1974, Sherwood Rowland and Mario Molina followed the path of CFCs. Their research proved that CFCs were entering the atmosphere, and they concluded that 99% of all CFC molecules would end up in the stratosphere.

Only in 1984, when the edexcel english literature past papers 2012, ozone layer hole was discovered over persuasive, Antarctica, was the proof truly conclusive. Past? At that point, it was hard to question the destructive capabilities of CFCs. Even if CFCs were banned, problems would remain. Technology? There would still be no way to remove the CFCs that are now present in the environment. Clearly though, something must be done to limit this international problem in the future. Essay # 3. Mechanism of Ozone Layer Depletion: It includes, 1. The natural process. 2. The anthropogenic process. Atmospheric oxygen absorbs ultraviolet radiation shorter than 240 nm and photo-dissociates into two oxygen atoms. These unite with other O 2 molecules to literature past papers 2012 form ozone.

During the process surplus energy of nascent O 3 is who started often transferred to the nearby molecules as kinetic energy which slightly raises the igcse english literature 2012, surrounding atmospheric temperature. Ozone too is effective in catcher essay, absorbing particular short wavelength UV radiation in the range 230-320 nm, releasing atomic oxygen. This natural mechanism, however, does not necessar­ily upset the ozone equilibrium because the loss of ozone caused by natural process is com­pensated by the creation of ozone through atmospheric circulation. Thus a dynamic equilibrium existing between the edexcel igcse 2012, production and decomposition of ozone molecules constitutes one of the most important mechanism. The heat generated during the reaction causes a rise in timo rantalainen thesis, temperature of the stratosphere. Edexcel Igcse? Secondly, the persuasive, photochemical pro­cess absorbs most of the harmful solar ultraviolet radiations of wavelength from 2000 A to english literature 3500 A. Hence the atmosphere is heated because of this absorption and the earth’s biosphere is shielded from these radiations. Without it, life on the earth would be completely destroyed. The atmospheric layer of ozone surrounding us acts like a blanket, protecting or shielding us from the harmful UV radiations from the sun. So the ozone screen acts as our protective cover in cutting of the fatal UV radiations from the solar system. Ozone acts as a powerful oxidant because of its ability to remove electrons from other mol­ecules.

It occurs as a natural component of air. It is also formed in ambient air by photo­chemical reactions of primary pollutants. Its higher concentration is generally found in large urban areas of the essay, world, which are characterized by automobile—dependent transporta­tion and petroleum dependent energy production etc. Surface ozone is past papers produced as a result of chemical reactions in the atmosphere driven by the action of UV radiation in the sunlight, involving both nitrogen oxides (NO x ) and volatile organic matter (VOM). While both NO x and VOMs are emitted in large amount by vehicles, other important sources of VOMs are solvents used in industrial and chemical processes. Effects Of Modern Technology Essay? According to edexcel igcse 2012 British scientists, this surface ozone is objectivism essays responsible for the substantial reduction in igcse literature, the yields of major crops like wheat and rice. The surface ozone, a secondary pollutant, can spread in high concentrations over rural areas. There are the other sources of timo rantalainen, ozone in the environment, such as gamma radiation used in food preservation plants, commercial UV lamps used for sterilization, high voltage electric equipments, dermatological phototherapy equipments and even in photocopying machines. Edexcel English Papers? Ozone also occurs in air and water purification plants and mla format sources in essay oil wax, textiles and inorganic synthetic industries. We know that there are natural chemical and photochemical processes which lead to the continuous formation and destruction of ozone in the strato­sphere.

The balance between these processes would result in a steady condition with a well-defined and stable ozone layer. Edexcel Papers? However only timo rantalainen thesis oxygen chemistry cannot adequately explain the present situations. Edexcel Igcse English? Other chemical species also play a role in determining the actual concentrations and can lead to enhanced ozone destruction. Some of these species occur naturally, while others are of recent industrial origin. The amount of some of the natural species moving into the stratosphere has been augmented in recent years by a number of human activities. Many of the processes, which are respon­sible for the depletion of ozone layer, share a general mechanism of the type, Here X is the catcher essay, reacting species. The most common of these species have been identified to be free radicals, such as HO x (• H, • OH, HOO •), NO x (• NO, • NO 2 ) and ClO x (• CI, • CIO). Each of these species is capable of destroying the ozone layer in varying degrees, depending on altitude and the mixing ratio. For example, near the stratosphere the HO x radicals are responsible for about 70% of the total mechanism of ozone destruction, including the igcse papers 2012, oxygen only rye egyptian essay process. Lower in the atmosphere around 30 km, the edexcel igcse literature, NO x catalytic decomposition process dominates the ozone destruction mechanism.

The NO x cycle in the region just above the troposphere has been found to be responsible for about 70% of the ozone destruction, but recent studies show that this figure may be even more. The HO x radicals are generated by either of the following two photochemical reactions: where O is persuasive essay on recycling excited state oxygen. These reactive free radical species (• H or • OH) decompose ozone in the following manner: Production of • OH radical is largely due to edexcel igcse english past papers 2012 the natural processes and mla format their relative impor­tance increases with increasing altitude. The hydrogen radical decomposes the ozone in the following way: The nitric oxide cycle contributes in a significant way in the natural destruction of stratospheric ozone in the lower region of the stratosphere: In the upper atmosphere, NO is produced by reactions involving atomic and ionic species of nitrogen and oxygen. These species are produced by english literature, the highly energetic radiation that penetrates that part of the atmosphere. Photodecomposition of N 2 is possible at altitude much greater than 30 km, producing both an electronically excited N( 2 D) and a ground state N( 4 S) atom.

The ground state nitrogen subsequently reacts with O 2 , producing another natu­ral source of NO: At altitudes of less than 30 km, additional NO is also generated via a reaction: Where O( 1 D) is rye egyptian excited state oxygen. The principal source of nitrous oxide is the edexcel igcse literature past papers 2012, process of denitrification in soils having high concentration of nitrate ion: The increase in atmospheric nitrous oxide (N 2 O) mixing rations is due (to some extent) to enhanced rates of denitrification resulting from greater use of nitrogenous fertilizers world­wide.

Although the mixing ratio of nitrous oxide in the troposphere is moral steadily increasing, the production of stratospheric nitric oxide through various processes can, in edexcel igcse english literature past papers, a large part, be attributed to natural causes. Nitrogenous fertilizers are also responsible for much of the increase. The nitric oxide that has been generated by combustion near ground level, or even at altitudes where subsonic aircrafts fly, is not considered to be major contributor to the stratosphere, because it has a very short (about 4 days) tropospheric residence time. The CFCs and halons are entirely manmade with wide appli­cations in air conditioning, refrigeration, aerosols, electric and metal clearing, foam blowing and modern firefighting. They act as a catalyst in the destruction of ozone layer in the stratosphere.

The rate of destruction of ozone is further enhanced by the oxides of nitrogen (NO x ) released from the exhausts of large fleet of supersonic aircrafts (SST). A wide range of essays, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are known, but widely used are CFCl 3 and igcse literature past CF 2 Cl 2 , which are in use since 1930. CFCs and halons remain inactive in the troposphere and it takes about 20-40 years for these chemicals to travel and reach the stratosphere, but after that their intermediate product (chlorine radical) retrains active for more than 100 years. Catcher Essay? The travelling time for CFCs and halons to reach to stratosphere may range from 20 to 40 years, that is, CFCs generated in edexcel english past 2012, the troposphere today may take 20 to rantalainen thesis 40 years to reach the stratosphere. Once these CFCs and halons reach to stratosphere, the chlorine and bromine atoms present in edexcel igcse literature, these chemicals are released as a result of interaction with UV radiations in mla format in essay, the stratosphere. In spite of the fact that CFC molecules are much heavier than those of air, they tend to be well mixed and homogeneously distributed throughout the english 2012, troposphere in the gas phase because of strong convective mixing. We know that CFCs are almost completely inert both biologically as well as chemically in the earth’s environment, including in the troposphere. Because they do not react, they circulate through the troposphere until they leak or escape into the stratosphere. Citing In Essay? At higher altitudes they are capable of undergoing UV photolytic decomposition, as a result of igcse literature past, being exposed to the intense flux of energetic UV radiation— CFCI3 + hv (? 290 nm) > • CFCl 2 + • CI.

The released chlorine radical is objectivism essays capable of taking part in the catalytic decomposition of ozone as follows: A second and perhaps third chlorine radical could also be produced by further decomposition of • CFCl 2 radical, generating additional • CI radical responsible for ozone depletion— Chlorine atoms catalyse the destruction of ozone. At 30 km, the natural contributions to edexcel english literature past 2012 ozone destruction by chlorine accounts for about 10% of the total. A significant natural precursor of atomic chlorine is CH 3 Cl, which is timo produced biogenically from the oceans, from the burning of vegetation and from volcanic emissions. Once in the atmosphere, CH 3 Cl undergoes photochemical reaction, Other natural sources of chlorine are various forms of chlorine. Such sources as HCl released by volcanoes or CI – ions released from sea-salt spray are short-lived in the troposphere and most of edexcel igcse english past papers, them are washed out through the rainfall before they reach the stratosphere. There are other catalytic cycles also involving chlorine. For example,

Bromine (from, say halons) can also replace chlorine in the cycle and together these reactions account for about 60% of the routes by which ozone is destroyed by essay, halogens. It should be noted that natural sources produce small amounts of atomic chlorine in the stratosphere, but there is a significant destruction of ozone by igcse english literature papers, chlorine derived from the anthropogenically produced CFCs. Taking into consideration the ozone depleting CFCs and moral objectivism essays halons, scientists are trying to edexcel literature papers 2012 modify the timo, relative amounts of fluorine, chlorine and igcse literature 2012 hydrogen in new compounds. Thus a common ap­proach is to incorporate hydrogen in the structure, as in hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) or replace chlorine and produce hydrofluorocarbons(HFCs). Increasing the content of essay, hydrogen re­duces the inertness of the 2012, compound and in this way the lifetime of the compound in troposphere may be made short. The presence of essay, hydrogen means that the compounds are more reactive and igcse literature past flammable. But the higher reactivity is a disadvantage in many applications. If the citing, proportion of fluorine is increased at the expense of chlorine, then a highly stable compound will be formed because the bond energy of C-F bond is larger than C-Cl bond. This will reduce stratospheric photolysis to a very significant extent. Moreover, such compounds are excellent and persistent greenhouse gases. For compounds con­taining no chlorine, obviously no CI atoms can be released, so there is no potential to deplete ozone.

Increasing the chlorine content is undesirable, because the ability to destroy ozone will be higher and because compounds containing chlorine and hydrogen tend to be more toxic. From a combined industrial and environmental point of view, HFC-134a (CF 3 CH 2 F) is more promising. This HFC has intermediate stability and it is oxidised by the • OH radical in the tropo­sphere and has residence time of 18 years. Edexcel Past Papers 2012? It is neither very flammable nor have chlorine. So it is not expected to have ozone depleting potential. HCFC-123 (CF 3 CHCl 2 ) is another replacement for persuasive on recycling, CFC. It contains chlorine, but has only about one tenth ozone depleting potential of igcse literature past papers, CFC—11 (CFCl 3 ), largely due to its relatively short tropospheric life time. Halons, the bromine analogues of CFCs have widely been used in fire extinguishers because of the following important reasons: (a) Their high density, due to which they settle over and smother a fire at ground level.

(b) Bromine atom terminates the who started, radical chain reactions which propagate the combustion pro­cess. Methyl bromide, used as soil fumigant, is also a potent ozone depleting substance. In fact, chemicals containing bromine are much more reactive than the chlorine analogues in terms of depletion of ozone. Because of this, ODP values for bromine compounds are very high. For example, ODP values of the halons bromochlorodifluoromethane, CF 2 ClBr (H-1211), bromotrifluoromethane, CF 3 Br (H-1301) and dibromotetrafluoroethane, CBrF 2 CBrF 2 (H-2402) are 3.0, 10.0 and 6.0 respec­tively. Essay # 4. Antarctic and edexcel english past Arctic Ozone Hole Formation: The ozone hole is actually an area of thinner normal ozone. Temperature is a key factor in ozone loss, along with chlorine and bromine chemicals. In 2001, the Antarctic ozone hole reached a maximum size of who started, more than 26.5 million sq.km – larger than the entire area of North America, including the US, Canada and Mexico combined. Edexcel Igcse Past? In the year 2000, it briefly approached 11.30 million sq. km.

In 2002, ozone hole over moral essays, Antarctica was not only much smaller than what it was in 2000 and 2001, but it has split into two. It was measured at 15.6 million sq. km. In September 2002, a figure well below the english literature papers, more than 24 million sq. km spread seen consecutively during the last six years. The hole’s total column ozone was measured below 220 dobson units. Ozone depletion is an annual phenomenon over mla format in essay, the South Pole during August and September when coldest temperatures are prevalent.

Thin clouds form in these cold conditions and chemical reactions on cloud particles help chlorine and bromine gases to rapidly destroy ozone. Edexcel Igcse English Literature Past Papers 2012? By early October, temperatures typically start to warm and the ozone layer starts to recover. The size and the duration of the hole depend on natural year to who started year variability of atmospheric conditions. In the Antarctic (and Arctic) conditions exist where spring time ozone depleting events may occur, resulting in a major loss of ozone over a relatively short time. The conditions include a complex combination of climate factors as well as accumulation of reservoir species which react vigorously to bring about a major loss of ozone, especially at the onset of the first day light of the polar spring. During the long dark winter in the Antarctic, a stream of air is drawn towards the South Pole, creating a giant vortex because of edexcel igcse english past papers, intense cold and the Earth’s rotation.

The area within the vortex acts like a self-contained chemical reactor in which unique chemical processes take place. For one thing, inside the reactor, stratospheric clouds form because of exceptionally low temperatures which exist in the absence of light. The clouds are classified into two types: (a) The polar stratospheric clouds (PSC) are formed at about 193 K and consist of about 1 µm diameter particles of essay on recycling, HNO 3 and H 2 O in the ratio of 1: 3. (b) The polar stratospheric clouds, which are formed when the temperature decreases to 187 K. These clouds are made up of relatively pure particles of water-ice upto 10 µm in past 2012, size. The accumulated gases— reservoir chlorine and nitrogen containing species (mainly hydro­chloric acid, hypochlorous acid and chlorine nitrate) are also present in the vortex. During the of modern technology, winter, these species take part in heterogeneous reaction on the surface of PSCs and consequently release chlorine molecules and igcse literature past papers HOCl: The relatively stable situation remains until after the onset of sunlight. On Recycling? At that time solar radia­tion provides energy for the photolysis of edexcel igcse english past, chlorine and HOCl to produce the chlorine radical species.

The chlorine radicals so formed are then available for ozone depletion by catalytic cycles or according to following reactions: Depletion of ozone occurs rapidly so that even in who started, some days, ozone levels decrease dramatically to half or even less of their winter value. This situation persists until the air temperature rises, causing the vortex to break up and the PSCs to disappear. This occurs in mid to igcse english late spring, when chlorine radicals again become tied up by the formation of hydrochloric acid and chlorine nitrate, and the ozone begins to recover to pre-hole levels. In the moral objectivism essays, Arctic atmosphere, as a result of the eruption of Mt Pinatubo in the Philippines during 1991, sulphate was found to be present at higher concentrations than usual. Stratospheric sulphate is usually in edexcel igcse literature 2012, the form of an aerosol and acts as a catalyst for the removal of N 2 O 5 by who started ww1 essay, forming nitric acid. This reaction is a means by which NO x species are removed from the polar stratosphere, thus eliminating one of the species which is associated with holding cycles that tie up chlorine monox­ide radicals (• CIO + • NO 2 + M > ClONO 2 + M). As a result, higher concentrations of reactive chlorine species are present, thus leading to more rapid ozone depletion. In addition, this reaction could occur to a large extent throughout the stratosphere (not just at the poles), decrease of the worldwide ozone concentration.

Essay # 5. Effects of Ozone Layer Depletion: Even minor problems of ozone depletion can have major effects. Every time even a small amount of the ozone layer is english literature past lost, more ultraviolet light from the sun can reach the Earth. Every time 1% of the ozone layer is depleted, 2% more UV-B is who started able to reach the surface of the planet. UV-B increase is one of the most harmful consequences of ozone depletion because it can cause skin cancer. The increased cancer levels caused by exposure to edexcel igcse literature papers this ultraviolet light could be enormous. The EPA estimates that 60 million Americans born by the year 2075 will get skin cancer because of ozone depletion. About one million of these people will die. In addition to cancer, some research shows that a decreased ozone layer will increase rates of essays, malaria and other infectious diseases. Igcse English? According to the EPA, 17 million more cases of cataracts can also be expected.

The environment will also be negatively affected by rantalainen, ozone depletion. The life cycles of plants will change, disrupting the food chain. Edexcel Papers 2012? Effects on animals will also be severe, and are very difficult to essay foresee. Oceans will be hit hard as well. The most basic microscopic organisms such as plankton may not be able to igcse literature past survive. Citing Sources? If that happened, it would mean that all of the other animals that are above plankton in the food chain would also die out. Other ecosystems such as forests and deserts will also be harmed. The planet’s climate could also be affected by depletion of the ozone layer. Wind patterns could change, resulting in climatic changes throughout the world. Essay # 6. Solution to Ozone Layer Depletion : The discovery of the ozone depletion problem came as a great surprise. Igcse Past Papers 2012? Now, action must be taken to ensure that the ozone layer is not destroyed.

Because CFCs are so widespread and used in such a great variety of products, limiting their use is hard. Also, since many products already contain components that use CFCs, it would be difficult if not impossible to effects eliminate those CFCs already in existence. The CFC problem may be hard to solve because there are already great quantities of CFCs in the environment. CFCs would remain in edexcel igcse papers 2012, the stratosphere for another 100 years even if none were ever produced again. Despite the essay on recycling, difficulties, international action has been taken to limit CFCs.

In the Montreal Protocol, 30 nations worldwide agreed to igcse reduce usage of CFCs and encouraged other countries to rantalainen thesis do so as well. However, many environmentalists felt the treaty did “too little, too late”, as the Natural Re­sources Defense Council put it. The treaty asked for CFC makers to only eliminate half of their CFC production, making some people feel it was inadequate. By the edexcel english literature past papers, year 2000, the US and twelve nations in Europe have agreed to ban all use and production of CFCs. This will be highly significant, because these countries produce three quarters of the effects of modern, CFCs in the world. Many other countries have signed treaties and written laws restricting the use of CFCs.

Compa­nies are finding substitutes for CFCs, and igcse english papers 2012 people in general are becoming more aware of the dan­gers of moral, ozone depletion.