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Blended Families Essays and Research Papers. The Blended Family The American Blended Family Often times we think of marriage, we . Senior + Bubonic Plague. think of starting a family and living happily ever after. Today’s society compared to when I was growing up is positive a little different. Senior Papers. The divorce rate is higher now than it was twenty five years ago with a divorce rate of essay 2 45-50%. Over half of people that divorce remarry after about five years and the new family becomes a blended family . Blended families are defined as “any marriage in which at least one. Cinderella effect , Divorce , Family 1782 Words | 5 Pages. ? Effects of research papers Living in mba essays, a Blended Family vs. Non- Blended Family Araseli Solorio . Eastern Washington University Abstract The role of a step child is not the same as the senior research papers, biological children for essays sally mann the parents. Research Papers. Stepparents tend to not give the candy cigarette mann, attention their step children need.

Also, they might abuse their step children by maltreating them. Being in plague, a stepfamily environment can affect the children as they grow older. Each and teaching essays every year there are more children experiencing their parents’. Senior Papers + Bubonic Plague. Cinderella effect , Family , Parenting 1911 Words | 6 Pages. BLENDED FAMILIES 3 Blended Families A Review of olin 2012 The Literature Cartwright (2010) found . Senior + Bubonic Plague. that couples who re-marry after divorce can often be led to that decision by the need for an intimate relationship and the benefits they receive from that relationship. The need for financial means also brought some to english teaching essays, the decision that they would cohabitate before re-marrying. Cartwright also came to the conclusion that while a lot of the participants in the study were aware of the possible difficulties. Senior Research + Bubonic. Cinderella effect , Cohabitation , Family 1746 Words | 5 Pages.

The Blended Family Structure Blended families are becoming increasingly more prevalent, . Essay 2. currently accounting for senior research papers + bubonic 4.5% of all families with children in department of defense essay, Australia (Australian Institute of senior papers + bubonic Family Studies 2012.) A blended family , in its most basic sense, is a couple family where there are at english teaching essays, least two children, of whom one is the senior research papers, natural child of the couple, and one of positive essay whom is a step child of senior papers either member of the couple (Australian Institute of Family Studies 2002). Of Defense Essay. The formation of + bubonic plague a blended family. Introduction To A Scientific. Cinderella effect , Family , Marriage 1493 Words | 5 Pages. Senior Papers + Bubonic. Blended Families Did you know that one third of all children in the United States (US) are expected to essay 2, live in a stepfamily . before they reach the age of 18[helpguide.org 2008]? While some people consider blended families abnormal, they can be just as good as a “regular” family . With blended families becoming more common, there are more studies being done to show both the similarities and differences between “regular” and research papers + bubonic blended families . Although blended families will probably never be considered. Cinderella effect , Family , Parenting 1451 Words | 4 Pages.

The Issues in Blended Families and the truman show essay questions Their Solutions. better spouse or family for their life, that’s how a blended family formed. Blended . Senior Research. family , aka stepfamily, is a married couple where one or both members of the couple have pre-existing children who live with them. A blended family is often a tough balancing act between the english essays, new spouse, the new stepchildren, and the pre-existing kids. Senior. It can take years to bring harmony to a blended family , but it is the truman show achievable. Besides that, not only the youngsters, and senior plague also the adults in blended families are sorrowing. Department Of Defense. Cinderella effect , Family , Father 1803 Words | 5 Pages. Navigating the Challenges of senior + bubonic Blended Families Summary. Introduction Research Paper. Chris Sims Professor Betty Keel English 1101 15 September 2008 Navigating the research papers plague, Challenges of Blended . Cigarette Sally Mann. Families Summary A blended family not only creates a larger family , it also creates much chaos.

It oftentimes seems as if the workload almost doubles for single parents when they decide to senior papers + bubonic, combine families through marriage. Olin. Almost seventy-five percent of the senior research papers plague, 1.2 million Americans who divorce each year will eventually remarry. Essay 2. The stepfamily life is much more complicated. Cinderella effect , Divorce , Family 884 Words | 3 Pages. Research Papers. The World of Blended Families Dave Mitchell February 09, 2010 The World of Blended Families . Blended Families are dramatically taking over the world’s population.

There are more than twenty two million stepfamilies in teaching essays, the United States, and senior papers + bubonic about thirteen hundred new ones form each day. (Bao, 2005). Essay 2. A Blended family is senior one or more persons from one family joining another partial family to make a whole blended family . Essays Candy Cigarette Sally. There are many times, when children are involved in the newly. Cinderella effect , Family , Father 525 Words | 2 Pages. a blended familiy. Senior Papers. For the most part people were married to the mothers and essays sally mann fathers of their children. But now with only senior papers + bubonic plague 50% of marriages . English. succeeding, the other 50% that did not are eventually moving on and forming relationships with others who are in senior, the same boat as them. Candy Cigarette Sally Mann. This changes the family dynamic in many ways. This has caused certain changes in senior research + bubonic plague, our family structure in this nation. Of Defense Essay. Now we are seeing more blended families , and also same sex families . Senior Papers Plague. With these new types of families , such. Introduction Paper. Cinderella effect , Family , Father 530 Words | 2 Pages. Family Report – Blended Families Blended families , also known as stepfamilies, are . more familiar now than ever. Statistics show that 65% of remarriages include children from research papers plague, previous relationships.

When families blend to paper, create stepfamilies, things rarely progress as smoothly as planned. Senior + Bubonic Plague. Some children might resist the many changes they have to aspects essay, face, while parents might become frustrated or disappointed when their new family doesn’t function the way they want to or like their previous family did. Senior Research + Bubonic. Cinderella effect , Family , Marriage 766 Words | 2 Pages. Problems 15 December 2013 Blended Families Today more and introduction more couples are divorcing and plague then getting remarried. Department Of Defense Photo Essay. . Research Papers + Bubonic Plague. Blended families are becoming a very popular thing in society. Essay Questions Civil. Blended families are not easy to contend with because of jealousy, control issues, resentment and much more. Research. Today the term Family is spread out into a group of the truman show essay questions people who are living together and are experiencing life together, therefore we have several different types of families . Families have a set of senior routines and/or. Cinderella effect , Family , Household 578 Words | 2 Pages. Essay 2. right over senior research papers, the reestablishment phase and questions english go right into papers, the family phase.

How do couples who have children from essay english civil war, a previous relationship or . Papers + Bubonic. marriage adapt to this change? In order to teaching essays, have a balanced home, couples need to establish a nurturing environment for the children to senior papers + bubonic plague, grow. This will enable the children to show affection, to have trust in each family member, and to feel safe in essays cigarette mann, the home. Dynamics of research papers plague a Blended Family A blended family is when one or both members of the marriage have children. Divorce , Family , Father 707 Words | 2 Pages. Essay 2. MILITARY DIVORCE RATES AND THE AGE OF BLENDED FAMILIES. ? Military Divorce Rates and research papers + bubonic the Age Blended Families Your Name Please Park University Military Divorce Rates . and essay 2 the Age Blended Families Military Divorce rate In American society, the divorce rate is senior research papers + bubonic plague high as compared to other developed countries of the world. In 2001, before the essay war, start of Afghanistan war, the military divorce rate was just 2.5%. Today, this rate jumped to 3.9%, a significant change. The risk of divorce is research plague limited to men, but women are also at teaching, the higher risk.

Cinderella effect , Divorce , Family 2156 Words | 6 Pages. The Problems Facing Blended Families. The Problems Facing Blended Families In previous generations, families did not seem to have to face as many . issues; divorce was unusual. Today, families face many challenges. Senior. Those challenges have caused divorce rates to show questions, climb in senior papers + bubonic plague, the United States. Introduction To A Scientific. The good news is, most divorced people end up getting remarried, and senior papers plague it is olin usually to someone who has children of their own. Research Plague. These families are called stepfamilies or blended families . While the blended family may some have advantages, many times, they. Cinderella effect , Divorce , Family 574 Words | 2 Pages. As I ready our assigned text for department of defense photo this week I noticed a constant trend among such changing environments. And that is research papers plague that the introduction research paper, family structured . is heavily influenced, if not dictated, by its surrounding and what is going on research papers in the war, world around it.

So in order to form any kind of assumption of what the family dynamic may be like in research papers + bubonic plague, the future, it is important to of defense photo, first identify the trends that are going on senior research + bubonic around us now that will affect us in the truman essay, the near future. Research + Bubonic. First, and I believe most impactful. Of Defense Photo. Believe. There's Magic in senior research papers plague, the Stars , English-language films , Family 528 Words | 2 Pages. Of Tourism Essay. FAMILY HEALTH CARE The family is the senior papers + bubonic, basic unit of research paper care in papers plague, community health nursing. It is an essays cigarette mann important social . structure needed for reproduction and research papers + bubonic plague socialization. A family refers to a number of persons joined together by of defense photo essay bonds of marriage, blood or adoption (Burgess, 1963). Freeman (1992) defined family as two or more persons who are joined together by bonds sharing emotional closeness and papers plague who identify themselves as being part of the family . Olin 2012. REASONS FOR HAVING THE FAMILY AS THE UNIT. Family , Health , Health care 1431 Words | 7 Pages. Research + Bubonic. Family This essay is associated with family issues which including the essays cigarette sally, definitions of different types of family , . the research + bubonic, traditional roles of essay each family member , the changes to families in research, different cultures and the benefits and questions english war problems of living in research + bubonic plague, a family . Introduction To A. There are a number of family types in society.

Firstly, traditional family is defined as a family group consisting of two married couple as father, mother who live together in the same house and take care of more than one or two children. Research. Also. Extended family , Family , Father 928 Words | 3 Pages. of a Family Family is essay questions defined as a group of people related by papers blood, marriage, or adoption living together. 2012. Remember: We are not . Senior Papers. defining families by essays cigarette sally mann how many, and what kind of people they have. We define them by research + bubonic what they do. Definitions Spouse - someone who is married: a husband or wife Common-law partner - used to essays cigarette, describe a relationship between a man and woman that is senior considered to the truman show, be a marriage because the man and papers plague woman have lived together for a long period of time Functions of the Family What. Cohabitation , Common-law marriage , Extended family 644 Words | 3 Pages. The Truman Show Questions. examples of how people are coping with being divorced with children. It also goes into research plague, how families are integrating new partners in english essays, the lives . of their children while keeping both parents involved. In the senior research papers, textbook (pg 380-381) it gives information about Who Divorces?

Divorce Children and then goes into Remarriage Blended Families . To understand how a family gets to aspects of tourism, the point of being a blended family aˆ“ one need to + bubonic, ask why people divorce. The most interesting point is that research suggests. Child custody , Divorce , Family 507 Words | 2 Pages. Sociology – The Family Essay Plan Describe and evaluate the positive aspects essay, following views of the family ; * Functionalist * Marxist . Research Papers + Bubonic Plague. * Feminist * Interactionist Compare these views making reference to the changing nature of family structures, gender roles and essay 2 family patterns. Introduction Introduce and explain the concept of family in senior research papers plague, sociology. What is the family ? What is the purpose or function of a family ? Briefly mention the the truman show essay, perspectives which are you going to discuss and the main differences. Research Papers. Family , Feminism , Functionalism 365 Words | 3 Pages. Of Tourism. ?Shuo Zhang Family The world is research made up of many families . Everyone lives in a unique family , and questions tries their best . to make their lives better. Senior + Bubonic Plague. In talking about a family , there are three crucial factors: family relationships, communication, and the truman show questions lifestyle. Family relationships determine the way that parents and children get along with.

Communication is the most influenciae method to solve a family’s problems. Family members’ characters are due to the kind of + bubonic plague lifestyle they have. Mann. Parents should become. Education , Family , High school 775 Words | 4 Pages. Senior Research + Bubonic Plague. Blended Families in questions, Today's Society.

Blended families , according to William P. Fuller the author of senior research Preparing for Blended Families , are . Mba Essays. those comprising of at least one spouse who has a child or children from senior research, a prior relationship. Essays Candy Cigarette Sally Mann. These types of senior research papers + bubonic families “are becoming increasingly common and teaching present a unique challenge when creating an senior papers plague estate plan” (Fuller 1). Similarly, according to Pauline Erera, “although traditionalists have held blood ties of essays consanguinity to senior research plague, be a defining characteristic of the essay 2, family , others argue that we should. Plague. Cinderella effect , Family , Father 604 Words | 2 Pages. parents and families play the most important role in the lives of essays cigarette sally mann their children, many challenges and pressures that families . face have been given increasing concern. For example, separation and papers divorce, family violence and financial problems. Civil. This essay will discuss the importance of effective parent/teacher partnerships in early childhood education, and senior papers + bubonic plague focus on of tourism essay one particular challenge that a family may face and identify the effects that this challenge may have on children and their families . A range. Child , Childhood , Early childhood education 2095 Words | 7 Pages. Discuss the senior research, way family life has changed over a period of essay 2 time This essay explores the senior + bubonic plague, change in family life over time. English Essays. The . meaning of family or traditional family is considered to be a group a basic social unit consisting of parents and papers + bubonic children, whether dwelling or not. Department Of Defense. The essay begins by outlining the senior research papers, family structure the candy cigarette sally, evolution of plague marriage and the changes in department photo essay, traditional values. The way hierarchy and economical change has affected the family income.

And the way technology has advanced over. Senior + Bubonic Plague. Cohabitation , Common-law marriage , Demography 1109 Words | 3 Pages. Introduction Scientific. Nursing Dr. Senior Papers + Bubonic. Irene Gadil FAMILY In human context, a family (from Latin: familia) is introduction to a scientific a group of research papers plague people affiliated by the truman essay . Senior Research + Bubonic Plague. consanguinity, affinity, or co-residence. Civil War. In most societies it is the research papers, principal institution for english essays the socialization of research children.

Anthropologists most generally classify family organization as matrilocal (a mother and her children); conjugal (a husband, his wife, and candy cigarette children; also called nuclear family ); and consanguineal (also called an extended family ) in which parents and children. Consanguinity , Cousin , Family 1720 Words | 6 Pages. Senior Research Papers + Bubonic Plague. ?Tinisha Simpson Professor Foreman English 205 T-Th 9:25/11 Paper #3 My Perception on mba essays 2012 Family Ugh, my life, my life, my life! Where are . the research papers plague, ones that are supposed to the truman show essay questions, be here regardless? Where are the papers + bubonic plague, ones that I’m supposed to turn to in my time of department photo need? Family , aren’t they supposed to be the ones that you can count on when no one else is there? I guess, but then comes the plague, questions that continually play over in english essays, my head, why did things turned out the way it did? Why couldn’t I have been dished. + Bubonic. Biology , Family , Kingdom 1346 Words | 4 Pages. Of Tourism. is the author of senior research + bubonic plague several books related to department photo, the issue of personal growth and the family . He has authored Becoming Complete, Family . to research + bubonic plague, Family , and Building a Successful Family . Positive Aspects Of Tourism Essay. Additionally, he has produced numerous booklets and training processes with almost thirteen million copies in research + bubonic plague, print. Scientific Research Paper. Victor Lee is research plague a veteran journalist and minister with a focus on discipleship, sports evangelism, singles ministry, purposeful family living, and of tourism essay evangelism strategy. Senior Research Papers + Bubonic. A former newspaper reporter, Victor has written. Family , God , Great Commission 1106 Words | 3 Pages. Show Essay Questions. nineteenth century, the nuclear family , consisting of only parents and senior research their children, took the ascendancy of the extended family . of more than two generations (and often several alternative lines).

Simultaneously, the number of candy cigarette sally children per couple has been declining. The evolutions of the research papers plague, economic functions of the essay 2, family were characterized by significant changes in the organization of production. Research Papers Plague. Indeed in olin 2012, traditional societies (even in the early twentieth century), the family is the workplace where all. Communism , Divorce , Family 857 Words | 3 Pages. + Bubonic Plague. help for the struggling stepparent. Cigarette Mann. Society has painted a picture of research plague what the essay 2, “ideal family ” would be: A husband, wife, son, daughter, and senior papers + bubonic plague a . pet. In reality half of the department of defense photo essay, people in the United States, does not belong to the “ideal family ”. Senior Research Plague. Nearly 50 percent of families in the United States are stepfamilies, and the number is escalating (Social Problems 13th Edition). Stepfamilies are different from candy cigarette sally, traditional families because they have to combine a home to plague, fit the children, and teaching spouses. Research Papers + Bubonic Plague. Stepfamilies.

Alimony , Divorce , Family 1979 Words | 5 Pages. ? Family is where we all belong to teaching, and from senior research, where our identity comes from. A person is positive aspects of tourism valued based on his family and upbringing. . Papers. We all belong to a family and show essay questions it is our family that keeps us together through thick and thin. Senior. Without having a family , no person is scientific research paper complete and senior papers + bubonic plague the completeness comes with good family bonding. Teaching. Now what is a family ? By just saying that you live with your family does not hold any values to senior plague, being a part of the department essay, family . Senior. Four or five persons living under one roof does not become. An American Family , Divorce , Family 2188 Words | 5 Pages.

What Is a Family ? thorny question for many policymakers is, “What is introduction to a a family ?” Definitions abound, but consensus does not. How . we define the family is + bubonic often hotly-debated because the definition has significant consequences in people’s lives. Essay English War. Government agencies often have to define what a family is in papers + bubonic plague, order to determine who benefits from their program and who does not. Essay Questions. Towns or cities often have to senior research papers, define families in essays candy cigarette, developing zoning and housing regulations. Family definitions can have a bearing. Adoption , Definition , Divorce 2101 Words | 7 Pages.

View the Changing American Family Video. Senior Research Papers. Changing American Family Video This dialogue will expound on the changing American family video. Considering the english teaching essays, ways the writer . might be interacting with blended families or how it might impact the research + bubonic, writer future career. The writer will select a family form that is essay 2 unfamiliar and select another form, which would be assessed once in senior papers + bubonic plague, a professional career. The writer would be able to positive essay, identify the statistical characteristic or a major statistical change / trend and associated issues of family form. Research Plague. America's. Essays Candy Sally Mann. Cinderella effect , Family , Father 1189 Words | 3 Pages. the senior research + bubonic plague, ways in which laws and department of defense essay social policies affect family life Currently, in senior research + bubonic, the UK, the questions, family is plague a fairly unregulated sphere . of life, compared with different societies such as China. Laws and social policies in essay 2, Britain today tend to encourage or discourage certain types of research + bubonic families , rather than actively enforcing them like China’s one child policy.

Government agencies and essay civil institutions only seem to research + bubonic plague, take an of defense active role on research papers policing areas of family life when things are perceived to teaching, have gone wrong. Family , Feminism , Marriage 885 Words | 3 Pages. Marriage and Family in Different Cultures. Senior + Bubonic. Marriage and Family In today’s society marriage is defined by 2012 the Merriam Webster as “the formal union of a man and a woman, . typically recognized by law, by research plague which they become husband and wife or a relationship between married people or the period for essay questions which it lasts”. Senior Research Papers. Although there are many classifications and characterizations of marriages given in dictionaries and the text which was given to read, these only essay questions give a brief description of all the types and varieties of family types and marriages.

Family , Kinship , Kinship terminology 1131 Words | 3 Pages. perspectives on papers plague the family — family is teaching essays deteriorating, family is changing, not deteriorating, or family . is stronger than ever. Discuss which of these perspectives you feel is the senior research papers + bubonic plague, most accurate concerning families in the United States today, using information from the text and essay 2 the reader to provide support for your argument. In order to compare and contrast the senior + bubonic plague, three perspectives on family we first must define family . Introduction To A Research. In America today there is much diversity. Papers + Bubonic Plague. Ask five different people what family is, you might. An American Family , Economics , Family 2502 Words | 6 Pages. Knowledge Workers and Organizational Arrangement. organized, its related to essay 2, the number of research papers + bubonic elements involved, their specialties, on teaching essays choosing a leader, the papers + bubonic plague, motivation of introduction to a scientific research paper each as well as the research papers + bubonic, physical structure . Essay 2. of the company.

Farom my point of view the senior + bubonic plague, best type of cigarette mann organizational arrangement is research + bubonic where a blended learning (mixes of media), (Pratt, 2002), methods are applied, allowing them to essay 2, search, share knowledge, experience and research develop concepts through the photo essay, exchange of departments; a place where they have space for creativity, developing models of senior research + bubonic plague work known. Essay 2. Blended learning , Management , Organization 833 Words | 3 Pages. Applied Sociology and research Your Family. Applied Sociology and english essays Your Family Anne Lucas Harrison College Sociology Jenifer Stevens February 10, 2013 Applied Sociology and papers + bubonic plague Your . Family The applying applied sociology into your family topic appealed to essays candy cigarette sally, me for many reasons. Research + Bubonic Plague. As a parent I constantly worry about the affect my parenting choices will have on positive aspects my daughter. Papers + Bubonic. I always second guess my decisions and often wonder if she thinks I am a good mother. I want to do right by questions my daughter by making sure she is papers + bubonic getting what she needs from. Cinderella effect , Family , Knowledge 924 Words | 3 Pages. Department Photo. Sara King Defining Family The concept of ' family ' seems simple to many people, but its abounding in subtleties . of meaning that involve concepts that are related to but not the senior research + bubonic plague, same, including the definition of olin mba essays 2012 marriage, the meaning of research + bubonic plague family life, gender roles, relationships, households, sexuality, children, and dependents. Department Of Defense Photo. That is senior + bubonic plague a lot of cigarette sally mann human life for one concept to encompass. from Work and Family Encyclopedia. Senior Research. Webster's Dictionary defines family as a group of individuals.

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It’s very important to mann, have people, with whom you can share your good and papers + bubonic bad times, your joys and . sorrows. They are my family . Aspects Essay. (with the dearest people who are my family ). Papers Plague. I am lucky to department of defense photo, be born and senior research + bubonic brought-up in questions english war, a two-parent family . Research Papers Plague. Family is an questions important part of my life. Research Papers + Bubonic. My mum is an engineer. She is a kind, responsible and introduction scientific sociable woman. She is full of papers tenderness to all of essays us. My mother is papers plague always ready to give me necessary information, moral support.

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Author Information The purpose of this section is to the truman show essay questions, identify the author (translator or editor) of the papers + bubonic plague, book. If available, present the. American family structure , An American Family , Cinderella effect 1323 Words | 4 Pages. establishes learning as an show essay active and interactive process. Blended learning refers to a mixing of different learning environments. It combines . traditional face-to-face classroom methods with more modern computer-mediated activities.

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differences. Both stories are similar in the importance of family ties and the truman questions the way they view family , but differ in sibling . Plague. relations. In “Sonny’s Blues”, the siblings want to candy cigarette sally, recreate their brotherly bond again, but in papers, “Everyday Use” there is no sign of healing the essays cigarette, hole between Dee, Maggie, and research + bubonic Mama. Questions. First, we will look at senior papers + bubonic plague, the importance of introduction to a scientific research family ties between both stories. Senior + Bubonic. In “Everyday Use” the introduction to a paper, characters have strong connections with family ties and their heritage. “Not ‘Dee,’Wangero Leewanika Kemanjo. Research Papers + Bubonic. Alice Walker , English-language films , Family 1526 Words | 4 Pages. Family Centered Assessment Paper Abstract The assessment explores the essays sally, dynamics of senior research plague a . blended family , focusing on the children of the family unit. Positive. The key topics that will be explored are: family arrangement amp; type, statistical data; age, gender, income, education, family life cycle, ethnicity, religion, child rearing strategies, communication skills, strengths amp; weaknesses, stressors, the ability to papers + bubonic, cope, present problems, and self-worth. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder , Family , Father 2916 Words | 7 Pages.

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Why Smart People Defend Bad Ideas. [First published April 2005] We all know someone who’s intelligent, but who occasionally defends obviously bad ideas. Senior Research + Bubonic? Why does this happen? How can smart people take up positions that defy any reasonable logic? Having spent many years working with smart people I’ve cataloged many of the of defense photo, ways this happens, and I have advice on what to do about senior research plague it.

I feel qualified to write this essay as I’m a recovering smart person myself and I’ve defended several very bad ideas. So if nothing else this essay serves as a kind of olin mba essays 2012, personal therapy session. However, I fully suspect you’ll get more than just entertainment value (“Look, Scott is more stupid than we thought!”) out of senior + bubonic plague, what I have to say on this topic. I’m not entirely proud to photo essay, admit that I have a degree in Logic and research papers + bubonic, Computation from Carnegie Mellon University. Majoring in logic is not the essays candy cigarette sally mann, kind of senior plague, thing that makes people want to aspects of tourism, talk to you at parties, or read your essays. But one thing I did learn after years of studying advanced logic theory is + bubonic, that proficiency in essays argument can easily be used to overpower others, even when you are dead wrong. If you learn a few tricks of logic and senior research papers + bubonic plague, debate, you can refute the obvious, and defend the ridiculous. If the people you’re arguing with aren’t as comfortable in the tactics of argument, or aren’t as arrogant as you are, they may even give in and agree with you. The problem with smart people is that they like to be right and sometimes will defend ideas to the death rather than admit they’re wrong. Of Tourism Essay? This is bad. Worse, if they got away with it when they were young (say, because they were smarter than their parents, their friends, and their parent’s friends) they’ve probably built an ego around being right, and will therefore defend their perfect record of invented righteousness to the death.

Smart people often fall into the trap of preferring to be right even if it’s based in delusion, or results in them, or their loved ones, becoming miserable. Research? (Somewhere in 2012 your town there is a row of graves at the cemetery, called smartypants lane, filled with people who were buried at poorly attended funerals, whose headstones say “Well, at research papers + bubonic least I was right.”) Until they come face to face with someone who is tenacious enough to dissect their logic, and resilient enough to endure the 2012, thinly veiled intellectual abuse they dish out during debate (e.g. “You don’t really think that do you?”or “Well if you knew the insert obscure reference here rule/law/corollary you wouldn’t say such things”), they’re never forced to question their ability to research plague, defend bad ideas. Opportunities for this are rare: a new boss, a new co-worker, a new spouse. But if their obsessiveness about the truman show essay being right is plague, strong enough, they’ll reject those people out of hand before they question their own biases and self-manipulations. English Teaching? It can be easier for smart people who have a habit of defending bad ideas to change jobs, spouses, or cities rather than honestly examine what is at research papers plague the core of their psyche (and often, their misery).

Short of obtaining a degree in logic, or studying the nuances of debate, remember this one simple rule for defusing those who are skilled at introduction scientific research paper defending bad ideas: Simply because they cannot be proven wrong, does not make them right. Most of the tricks of logic and research + bubonic plague, debate refute questions and department photo essay, attacks, but fail to senior + bubonic, establish any true justification for a given idea. For example, just because you can’t prove that I’m not the king of photo essay, France reincarnated doesn’t make it so. So when someone tells you “My plan A is the senior papers + bubonic plague, best because no one has explained how it will fail” know that there is a logical gap in this argument. Simply because no one has described how it will fail, doesn’t necessarily make it the best plan. It’s possible than plans B, C, D and E all have the same quality, or that the reason no one has described how A will fail is essays candy cigarette mann, that no one has had more than 30 seconds to scrutinize the plan. As we’ll discuss later, diffusing bad thinking requires someone (probably you) to papers plague, construct a healthier framework around the bad thinking that shows it for olin mba essays what it is. The second stop on our tour of commonly defended bad ideas is the seemingly friendly notion of communal thinking. Just because everyone in the room is smart doesn’t mean that collectively they will arrive at smart ideas. The power of peer pressure is that it works on our psychology, not our intellect. As social animals we are heavily influenced by how the people around us behave, and the quality of senior papers + bubonic, our own internal decision making varies widely depending on show essay questions, the environment we currently are in. Research Papers + Bubonic? (e.g.

Try to write a haiku poem while standing in an elevator with 15 opera singers screaming 15 different operas, in 15 different languages, in falsetto, directly at mba essays 2012 you vs. sitting on a bench in a quiet stretch of open woods). That said, the more homogeneous a group of people are in their thinking, the narrower the range of ideas that the senior research papers, group will openly consider. The more open minded, creative, and department of defense essay, courageous a group is, the wider the pool of ideas they’ll be capable of exploring. Some teams of people look to focus groups, consultancies, and research methods to bring in outside ideas, but this rarely improves the quality of thinking in the group itself. Those outside ideas, however bold or original, are at the mercy of the diversity of thought within the papers, group itself. If the essays, group, as a collective, is only capable of approving B level work, it doesn’t matter how many A level ideas you bring to papers plague, it. Focus groups or other outside sources of information can not give a team, or its leaders, a soul.

A bland homogeneous team of people has no real opinions, because it consists of the truman essay, people with same backgrounds, outlooks, and experiences who will only feel comfortable discussing the safe ideas that fit into those constraints. If you want your smart people to be as smart as possible, seek a diversity of senior research papers, ideas. Mann? Find people with different experiences, opinions, backgrounds, weights, heights, races, facial hair styles, colors, past-times, favorite items of clothing, philosophies, and beliefs. Senior? Unify them around the results you want, not the means or approaches they are expected to use. It’s the only way to guarantee that the best ideas from your smartest people will be received openly by of defense photo essay, the people around them. On your own, avoid homogenous books, films, music, food, sex, media and people.

Actually experience life by going to places you don’t usually go, spending time with people you don’t usually spend time with. Be in the moment and be open to it. Until recently in human history, life was much less predictable and we were forced to encounter things not always of our own choosing. We are capable of more interesting and creative lives than our modern cultures often provide for us. If you go out of papers, your way to find diverse experiences it will become impossible for you to miss ideas simply because your homogenous outlook filtered them out. At any moment on teaching, any project there are an infinite number of levels of senior papers, problem solving. Part of being a truly smart person is to know which level is the right one at a given time. For example, if you are skidding out of positive aspects of tourism, control at 95mph in research your broken down Winnebago on an ice covered interstate, when a semi-truck filled with both poorly packaged fireworks and loosely bundled spark plugs slams on its brakes, it’s not the right time to discuss with your passengers where y’all would like to cigarette sally mann, stop for dinner. But as ridiculous as this scenario sounds, it happens all the senior research + bubonic, time.

People worry about the wrong thing at the wrong time and apply their intelligence in ways that doesn’t serve the the truman, greater good of whatever they’re trying to achieve. Some call this difference in skill wisdom, in papers + bubonic plague that the of defense photo essay, wise know what to be thinking about, where as the merely intelligent only senior research papers + bubonic plague know how to think. (The de-emphasis of wisdom is an east vs. west dichotomy: eastern philosophy heavily emphasizes deeper wisdom, where as the post enlightenment west, and scientific research paper, perhaps particularly America, heavily emphasizes the intellectual flourishes of intelligence). In the software industry, the papers plague, common example of thinking at the wrong level is a team of candy cigarette, rock star programmers who can make anything, but don’t really know what to make: so they tend to build whatever things come to research papers, mind, never stopping to find someone who might not be adept at teaching writing code, but can see where the senior research papers + bubonic, value of their programming skills would be best applied. Other examples include people that always worry about money despite how much they have, people who struggle with relationships but invest their energy only in scientific research improving their appearance (instead of in therapy or other emotional exploration), or anyone that wants to solve problem X but only ever seems to do things that solve problem Y. The primary point is that no amount of intelligence can help an individual who is diligently working at the wrong level of the research papers + bubonic, problem. Someone with wisdom has to tap them on mba essays, the shoulder and say, “Um, hey. The hole you’re digging is senior research papers, very nice, and it is the right size. But you’re in the wrong yard.” Killed in the long term by english teaching essays, short term thinking. From what we know of evolution it’s clear that we are alive because of research plague, our inherited ability to think quickly and respond to change.

The survival of living creatures, for most of the history of our planet, has been a short term game. Only if you can out-run your predators, and english teaching, catch your prey, do you have the luxury of worrying about tomorrow. It follows then that we tend to senior + bubonic, be better at worrying about and solving short term issues than long term issues. Even when we recognize an important long term issue that we need to plan for, say protecting natural resources or saving for essays candy cigarette retirement, we’re all too easily distracted away from those deep thoughts by research, immediate things like dinner or sex (important things no doubt, but the driving needs in these pursuits, at mba essays least for this half of the senior papers + bubonic, species, are short term in candy cigarette sally nature). Once distracted, we rarely return to the long term issues we were drawn away from. A common justification for abuse of research papers + bubonic plague, short term thinking is the fake perspective defense. The wise, but less confident guy says “hey are you sure we should be doing this?” And the smart, confident, but less wise guy says “of course. We did this last time, and the time before that, so why shouldn’t we do this again?” This is the fake perspective defense because there’s no reason to english, believe that 2 points of data (e.g. last time plus the + bubonic plague, time before that) is sufficient to make claims about the future.

People say similar things all the time in defense of the free market economy, democracy, and mating strategies. “Well, it’s gotten us this far, and it’s the best system we have”. Well, maybe. But if you were in department of defense that broken down Winnebago up to your ankles in gasoline from research + bubonic plague, a leaking tank, smoking a cigarette in the truman show essay questions each hand, you could say the same thing. Put simply, the fact that you’re not dead yet doesn’t mean that the research papers + bubonic, things you’ve done up until now shouldn’t have, by all that is fair in the universe, already killed you. Department Of Defense? You might just need a few more data points for the law of averages to catch up, and put a permanent end to senior research papers + bubonic, your short term thinking. How many data points you need to feel comfortable continuing a behavior is entirely a matter of personal philosophy. The wise and candy cigarette sally, skeptical know that even an infinite number of data points in the past may only have limited bearing on the future. Papers + Bubonic? The tricky thing about the olin mba essays 2012, future is that it’s different than the past. Our data from the past, no matter how big a pile of data it is, may very well be entirely irrelevant. Some find this lack of papers plague, predictive ability of the aspects of tourism essay, future quite frustrating, while others see it as the primary reason to senior papers plague, stick around for a few more years. Anyway, my point is not that Winnebagos or free market economies are bad.

Instead I’m saying that short term bits of data are neither reliable nor a wise way to go about 2012 making important long term decisions. Intelligent people do this all the time, and senior research papers plague, since it’s so commonly accepted as a rule of thumb (last time + the time before that), it’s often accepted in place of actual thinking. Olin Mba Essays? Always remember that humans, given our evolution, are very bad at research papers + bubonic seeing the cumulative effects of introduction research paper, behavior, and underestimate how things like compound interest or that one cigarette a day, can in senior plague the long term, have surprisingly large impacts despite clearly low short term effects. How to prevent smart people from defending bad ideas. I spent my freshman year at a small college in NJ called Drew University. I had a fun time, ingested many tasty alcoholic beverages, and went to lots of english essays, great parties (the result of which of course was that I basically failed out and had to move back to Queens with my parents. Senior? You see, the to a research, truth is that this essay is really a public service announcement paid for senior research + bubonic by my parents – I was a smart person that did some stupid things). But the reason I mention all this is of tourism essay, because I learned a great bit of philosophy from many hours of playing pool in the college student center. Papers + Bubonic? The lesson is this: Speed kills . I was never very good at pool, but this one guy there was, and whenever we’d play, he’d watch me miss easy shots because I tried to the truman, force them in with authority. I chose speed and power over papers plague control, and olin mba essays, I usually lost.

So like pool, when it comes to defusing smart people who are defending bad ideas, you have to find ways to slow things down. The reason for this is simple. Smart people, or at least those whose brains have good first gears, use their speed in thought to overpower others. Senior Research + Bubonic Plague? They’ll jump between assumptions quickly, throwing out jargon, bits of logic, or rules of thumb at a rate of fire fast enough to cause most people to aspects essay, become rattled, and give in. When that doesn’t work, the arrogant or the pompous will throw in some belittlement and senior papers, use whatever snide or manipulative tactics they have at 2012 their disposal to further discourage you from dissecting their ideas. So your best defense starts by + bubonic, breaking an argument down into pieces. When they say “it’s obvious we need to execute plan A now.” You say, “hold on. You’re way ahead of me.

For me to follow I need to break this down into pieces.” And without waiting for permission, you should go ahead and do so. First, nothing is obvious. If it were obvious there would be no need to the truman show, say so. So your first piece is to establish what isn’t so obvious. What are the assumptions the other guy is papers + bubonic, glossing over that are worth spending time on? There may be 3 or 4 different valid assumptions that need to department of defense, be discussed one at a time before any kind of research papers plague, decision can be considered. Take each one in turn, and lay out the show, basic questions: what problem are we trying to solve? What alternatives to solving it are there? What are the tradeoffs in each alternative?

By breaking it down and research papers plague, asking questions you expose more thinking to light, make it possible for others to ask questions, and make it more difficult for anyone to department photo essay, defend a bad idea. No one can ever take away your right to think things over, especially if the decision at hand is important. If your mind works best in 3rd or 4th gear, find ways to give yourself the time needed to research papers + bubonic plague, get there. If when you say ” need the afternoon to think this over”, they say. “tough. Positive Aspects Of Tourism? We’re deciding now”. Ask if the decision is an important one. If they say yes, then you should be completely justified in asking for + bubonic plague more time to think it over and ask questions. Find a sane person people listen to. Some situations require outside help. Instead of positive, taking a person on directly, get a third party that you both respect, and continue the discussion in senior research papers + bubonic their presence.

This can be a superior, or simply someone smart enough that the other person might possibly concede points to them. It follows that if your team manager is wise and reasonable, smart people who might ordinarily defend bad ideas will have a hard time doing so. But sadly if your team manager is 2012, neither wise nor reasonable, smart, arrogant people may convince others to follow their misguided ways more often than not. I’m sure you have stories of research papers, your own follies dealing with smart people defending bad ideas, or where you, yourself, as a smart person, have spent time arguing for things you regretted later. Given the wondrous multitude of ways the universe has granted humans to be smart and questions, dumb at the same time, there are many more reasons why smart people behave in stupid ways. For fun, and as fodder, here’s a few more. If you have some thoughts on this essay, or some more reasons to + bubonic plague, add, leave a comment: Smart people can follow stupid leaders (seeking praise or promotion) Smart people may follow their anger into stupid places They may be trained or educated into stupidity Smart people can inherit bad ideas from their parents under the guise of tradition They may simply want something to sally mann, be true, that can never be. Check out my related essay, how to detect bullshit.

This essay was written before I learned about Cognitive Bias, a very important set of discoveries about inherent flaws in senior papers plague human judgement. You should learn about it too. Difficult conversations, a book about confronting people in to a research tough situations. The argument clinic, Monty Python (If you’ve never seen it, watch it before reading this script. It’s in the 3rd season, disc 9 of the research + bubonic, boxed set). Also see the splunge scene in episode 6. Games people play, Eric Byrne. Aspects Essay? A book on senior + bubonic, transactional analyis: a model for why people behave as they do in certain situations. The informed argument, Robert Miller. Textbook style coverage of both proper and unfair argument tactics.

With good reason, Morris Engel. a short summary of common logic manipulations, explained with a sense of humor (over a dozen cartoons). Why smart people can be so stupid, Salon.com. If you sign up to receive his best posts via email, you’ll get a FREE copy of a preview edition of Mindfire plus free chapters from all of his bestselling books. Over 19,000 people have signed up. Privacy policy enforced by my Rotweiller. 272 Responses to “Why Smart People Defend Bad Ideas” I think it is relatively simple why smart people defend bad ideas.

I read two books fairly recently. Neither of these books made much sence alone; however together they led to essays sally, the following conclusion: 1. Senior Papers Plague? We are all brainwashed or have brainwashed ourselves and that is particularily true if one has been brainwashed into a profession. So the first question we must answer is: How brainwashed am I? (Reference – McGinn, Colin 2008, Mindfucking, A Critique of Mental Manipulation, Acumen). 2. What and whose bullshit do I believe? (Reference – Law, Stephen, 2011, Believing Bullshit, How Not to Get Sucked into Intellectual Black Hole, Prometheus Books. Only after having answered these two questions can one look at english issues objectively. Your comments are very interesting but I find your article a bit to long for me to read it all I would like to senior papers, comment on to a research, myself. Senior Research Plague? I am not smart but I love to be an egghead.I believe in learning and in essay all the intellectual ideas of the world as history, geography, math, astronomy and senior research, especially phillosophy.I suffered thru school not knowing I had a learning disabillity.I have always tried to mba essays 2012, tackle the toughest branches of learning especially philosophy.I was thrown out of grammar schoo for being a bad kid and also highschool.I received a Ged diploma and went from + bubonic, there to a lot of reading.

Most of which I do not understand but I have the olin mba essays 2012, need to convince people I am smart. On the contrary I very easlly admit I am wrong but I find others I talk to unable to senior papers plague, do so.I have the bad habit of introduction to a research paper, picking odd unusual things to tell peope. I guess I show people I am smart. For example I might say to senior plague, someone that american indians never saw a horse until the photo essay, europians brought them or that syphillis was given to research plague, europeans by the native american indians. These comments inevitally cause arguements. I am not very nice when I have discussions with people and it leads to furious argumentation. What really frustrates me is when I show people I am right by showing them reliable sources as say a dictionary or an encyclopedia. So I think I am different in that I am not smart but just like to pretend I am. I really love all intellectional things but I find the people I meet up with do not. Any mispellings or grammatical are do to english teaching, my poor education. Research Papers Plague? My spell check only tells me a word is mispelled but does not correct the word.

Perhaps it does correct the to a research, word but I just don’t know how to papers, use it. I did go to college even without a diploma from elementary or highschool. My major was philosophy. Yup I picked one of the hardest subjects I was a poor student getting c’s and d’s but I passed and I do have a college diploma from aspects of tourism essay, FIU here in fla. Of course I never made a nickel from it but I loved it and I am proud that I accompished this. I will go back and read your article in full. I love your truths. “your article is a bit to(o) long” and senior + bubonic, then you respond with an essay before reading all of it? LoL. Allan, you are smarter than you think.

Seriously. Mba Essays 2012? Next step, keep reading and expanding your knowledge, and focus on reducing your need to defend arguments. Research Papers + Bubonic Plague? When people talk about something you don’t know a lot about (and as mentioned in this article, they might know less than they are leading you to believe!), just relax and ask questions. Show Essay? People who know how to listen and ask questions are truly some of the smartest and best at making decisions. Just be patient with yourself, and senior papers + bubonic plague, know that a lot of people (myself included) have felt the same way you describe at times. Positive Of Tourism Essay? ;-) You are a good, humble individual.

Bill and Scott: Now take this one step further and explain to me the disasters of ENRON and Madoff. How did all the professionals schooled in business and finance not see these coming. Your thinking is beyond confused, and senior research papers + bubonic plague, your writing skills are even worse. Your understanding of candy cigarette, science and + bubonic plague, how it works is as bad as your syntax. I don’t think Scott’s essay wasn’t an invitation to denigrate smart, educated people. Your post is nonsense unless you can prove examples to which you’re referring. What assumptions and what, pray tell, makes you think the essay, big bang theory is rubbish?

Your ideas are very poorly formed. I don’t spend time to review my writings and fix errors on papers plague, comments. It took almost entire life for english me to gain power of research papers + bubonic, independent thinking in true sense. Teaching? Even though I hate conventional scientific theories nowadays, I love science and technologies. The problem is to have balanced idea or opinion about a fact one must have different explanations.

The great tragic of collective stupidity in human society is educational system is papers + bubonic plague, designed to dumb down humans. If I give you serious scientific papers and books written by scientists and engineers, will you personally spend your spare time and energy to study alternative theory? For example all text books and journals that public can access on the net or buy in book stores only the truman show essay represent theories and information for mainstream science. Black Holes do exist. Why? As an average Joe like me believe in research papers plague as truth because the positive of tourism essay, scientists say so.

Matter can not travel faster than the speed of light. Again asking why returns simple answer “Mr. Einstein say so.” Big Bang theory of senior research plague, universe is absurd and rubbish hypothesis to photo essay, any individual who really study alternative theories of physics. For instance Big Bang theory assumes our universe is close system that has start and end. How they know our universe is senior + bubonic plague, close or open system? To ask this question one has to understand two fundamental approaches for attacking physical problem in sciences: close or open system. Looking at an engine as close system which is completely isolated from external environment probably reasonable. The engine burns fuel and convert part of its energy into mechanical force. The Truman Essay Questions? Then applying same principal to senior papers, unimaginably big entity, which is our universe, is simply stupid or intellectual masturbation of bad scientists.

It became scientific fact that Sun’s weather change effects Earth’s local/global weather. I didn’t make this up. Then, it’s just beginning of bigger reality Earth belongs to. Our solar system travels extremely fast in space. Changing conditions of space also affect every thing in department of defense solar system. Then there is our galaxy, galaxy cluster, super galaxy cluster, on and on. All laws in senior papers physics built upon basic assumptions of its inventors. Sally Mann? In mathematics it calls as Axiom. Public education do not offer any space to discuss possible or inherited flaws of these Axioms. Whether it’s a kid in a grade school or student in research papers a college, challenging the teacher’ word comes with punishment.

Why do we have to depend on fossil fuels? Because we’ve been taught energy does not exist in show empty space. It only exists inside static matter. To extract energy matter – fossil fuel, oil or Uranium or whatever – has to be destroyed. Exact repetition of research papers plague, stupidity when people was believing in “Sun and of tourism essay, all stars revolve around the Earth.” To exercise free will and make own decision one needs to have choices. In science different theories do exist. Do you know who Nicola Tesla was? Nearly seven billions still depend on Tesla’s electric power generation and distribution technologies over one hundred years. Nicola Tesla demonstrated how to extract energy in atmosphere even space, which gave a clue alternative perspective how our universe exists.

Anyway good signs more and senior research + bubonic, more people are beginning to embrace Tesla’s perspective. Your entire post smacks of typical anti-intellectual conspiracy nonsense. As I said, you do not seem to really understand how science works, and your words seem to the truman, confirm this. You stated that “For example all text books and journals that public can access on papers + bubonic plague, the net or buy in essays candy cigarette sally mann book stores only represent theories and research papers plague, information for mainstream science.” Mainstream science, are you serious here? What, there’s non-mainstream science? Let me get this straight; in other words, there’s a cover up occurring, right? This is such nonsensical thinking.

Science is imperfect but it is the the truman show essay, best we have, and research papers + bubonic, it is mba essays 2012, self-correcting because of senior papers + bubonic plague, its peer-reviewed nature. I wholeheartedly reject your conspiracy position as it lacks any basis in reality. Next, what you appear to olin 2012, be doing is to confuse issues. Simply because someone cannot tell you why matter cannot accelerate past the speed of light does not mean that it is less true. Senior Research Papers + Bubonic Plague? You appear to be attempting to photo essay, equate one’s faith in science as being the equivalent as one’s faith in religion. If so then you are committing the fallacy of senior research, equivocation. I do not doubt that there have been examples of certain scientific theories being initially rejected but proved later. Indeed, vindication for these scientists but it proves that science works. Theories and information are altered as new information arises. Most alternative theories are just that—alternative.

Simply because something is alternative doesn’t mean that it’s true. I caution you to be careful as your thinking is bordering on conspiratorial and introduction, paranoid… What is your purpose in senior research papers plague life Steve? this what i and i guess steve are getting at. your to lazy to do the work yet you want to tell us how its done YET when we take the time to refute or rebuttal or debate the topic like an adult somewhat versed in positive essay that field yall throw your hands up and say “Whats the point. ” and knock the senior research papers + bubonic plague, metaphorical jenga tower over. if we pursue further (its hardly worth the effort) we look like assholes cause what you guys cant seem to sally, understand is you are wrong and like the author states your stuck in your ways cause you think you are smart…. the cycle. He sounds like one of those insulters from the article. Research Papers + Bubonic Plague? It’s too bad we can’t always have calm and respectful discussion. I just don’t don’t know who to respond to the truman questions, but I think this is a great forum.

Here are some of my ideas and they are not necessarilly in research + bubonic plague the order of essay questions, most important. 1 We should try to defend what we don’t believe in.Practice this sincerely and maybe it might improve out prospective. 2 Those who criticize science and those that defend it should realize that scientific theories change over the years as we learn more so why so sure about the big bang theory. 3. Papers + Bubonic? I think however that logic never changes. Our measurements of things become more accurate over a period of years due to improving devices however logic of mba essays, sentences never change. At least I think so. My sentences may not live up to papers plague, the above but I try. 4 My theory of science goes something like this. When a new scientific law comes it of course comes from observation and previous know theories but just what makes them accepted as true.

Isn’t it a majority opinion among the scientists and philosophers? That is e,g if we deduce that the positive aspects of tourism essay, sun is 90 million miles away isn’t it the majority of opinion that makes it an acceptable scientific law? How many opinions or even observations do we need to determine a scientific rule? A further explanation might go something like this. If we observed a volkswagon car smashed up on research papers, every corner we might conclude that they were a poor product but just how many smashed up cars would we need to convince us that the volkswagons were no good One, ten 100, How many scientific observations do we need to present it as an department photo essay, eternal truth? Ok I know there are many thousand topics to be discussed so lets get on with it. High I agree with you, I was just searching google for senior research papers + bubonic plague wondering if some one could enlighten me why I consciously and purposely decide to go with bad decisions even after learning what is more correct or the actual thing I’m looking for. Wasting my time and resources anyways, this hit spot on with that and and other answers that I had i reasoned for my decisions I appreciate this article, it made me understand I’m just not only making it difficult for others but myself too. This essay is describing typical OCD people when they are wrong ;) I follow what is said here, but my friend tries to english essays, use rather large words and speak over senior research + bubonic me.

When i argue back, he just gets mad and starts to call me names or say ” you mad bro”. How do i get out of this situation without creating a fight? @tim Large words is a self defense mechanism to cause you purposely to positive of tourism, over react tell him to use lame se terms or is he scared to be proven wrong. An excellent article. Scott Berkun gently points out in senior papers everyday language some of the department photo, most common logical errors. I was also reminded that although I think I’m smart I have bad ideas as often as, or maybe more often than, people of less intelligence, and because I think I’m smart, I tend to hang onto those bad ideas long after they should have been discarded. The Title of Scott’s essay is senior research papers, “Why Smart People Defend Bad Ideas”.

Many here have attacked him for his information on how, not why, they do this. He is discussing ‘smart people’, and why they would defend, support, or propose, and idea or position, that the smart person already knows isn’t smart. I do not see this essay as anti-intellectual , but rather that the intellect needs to be combined with wisdom ( knowledge, experience, understanding, common sense, and insight). Show? I think that the reference to Issac Newton was only to show that smart people, do in fact, defend bad ideas. Research Papers? The only reference to politics was the economy. The fact that some are debating the big bang, relativity, gravity, and science in general, or arguing that if a smart person supports a bad idea, he must not be smart…… only makes Scott’s point. Cigarette Mann? I can not let this go without comment. Steve , theories are not proven. That does not mean that ALL science is senior research papers, theory and therefore , without proof. There is no alternative theory for proven science.

From where I sit there are few things which are more irritating than someone entering into a discussion without fully grasping what’s been said hitherto; indeed, thus enters Jax. To A Scientific Research? Like you, I cannot let your inane commentary go without . Research Papers + Bubonic? . . well . . . commenting. I think perhaps you need to research, grasp what has been said: we all can defend bad ideas—this I do not deny—but it is usually the ignorant ones who tend to do this. Senior Papers Plague? It is rather ironic that you have entered into this conversation without fully grasping what has been said. Jax, you stated that “[…] theories are not proven.” Oh, really, they’re not?

I suppose you’re the type who states that “Evolution is just a theory.” If so then you are guilty of equivocation. You need to understand what science means when it uses the term “theory.” Here’s a little blurb form Wiki: “A scientific theory is a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world that is acquired through the scientific method and repeatedly tested and confirmed through observation and experimentation.” It seems to me that you’re using theory in the everyday sense and if so then you are exceptionally wrong. Your last statement is entirely meaningless. What did you mean when you wrote “There is no alternative theory for proven science.” Alternative theory, huh? It is clear to positive of tourism, me that you, like most Americans, have little to no understanding of science or the scientific method. Research + Bubonic? Reread the entire post and photo essay, then get back to us. You are a perfect example of modern secular humanist thinking, which is 180° wrong.

In 100 years, when our “laws” of senior papers plague, physics are shown not at all to be “laws” but to be rules that apply here in earth, in the Milky Way, in this particular time period, but which fall completely apart as soon as we go “out there” (I’m pointing at the sky now) you secular humanists will say, “Well we didn’t have all the data.” But here in this time period, you declare the books pure, unadulterated, proven science. Never responsible for sally mann being wrong. Always being right. Nothing but fraud coming out papers plague, of the intellecutals, scientists, university researchers. Theories fall well below the laws so no comment needed there. Someone else posted separating intelligence and wisdom.

Yes, a “wise” person is smart. A 180 IQ person doesn’t necessarily have any smarts whatseover. Unfortunately the populace has this predudice against themselves as individuals and they always assume the english teaching essays, high IQ and senior, the PhD is of defense photo, smarter than they are, so they keep deferring to these idiots. The reality is the auto mechanic who sees the world knows knows infiintely more than these isolated intellectuals. The results of the research plague, “intellectuals” can be seen everywhere – the bankruptcy of the to a scientific, entire free world, graduates who can’t read and write despite the intellectuals taking over the school system from the top down, from the “best” schools in the world, downright idiots in the presidency who couldn’t solve their way out of a wet paper bag. The infiltration of + bubonic, this secular humanism everywhere has put us in a precarious dystopia. You think we’re advancing greatly but meanwhile the civilization, like many civilizations much greater before us, is flushing itself down the toilet at english teaching essays the lead of the intellectuals. I’m sure no one in the middle of a dying civilization, knew what they were seeing.

Just like you: Completely fogged and spreading the fog to others as you go. @steve you are of a different kind of inteligence and do not relate to this article so, you feel a certain way and research, feel to easily dismiss it, this article was meant to photo essay, inform not prove anything as jax was saying in the comment you quoted he is saying that science is not a theory the universe and science are already a defined system, we all create theories because we are defining a small part of the senior research plague, whole of what we believe to be true. Ps I didn’t read the whole discussion too much to read I was just trying to understand possible counter arguments and other audiences views on candy sally, this discussion I may or may not read the rest of it but like this article I’m not trying to prove right or wrong but inform of possible ideas and + bubonic plague, reasons. Correction: i made a reference to Steve and i meant Hughe, concerning science. Essays Candy Sally? I was kind of responding to Steve Thomas with the rest of papers + bubonic, my comment. My point is that Steve and others are trying to turn this essay (a personally held view of the author) into an argument or debate. It is not about of defense anti-intellectualism, ignorant people, dumb people, left or right, the dumbing down of america, or any of the nonsense posted here, and research + bubonic, it all illustrates Scott’s point. Everyone is trying to be right by introduction to a, abandoning the original point and confounding the discussion with points of contention. This essay is about why people, who you know are intelligent, support bad (by any definition) ideas, often against their own best interest. Steve, i posted a correction to senior papers + bubonic plague, my first post. you have only responded to that part of my comments that was in reference to Hughe.

I am not trying to pick a fight and i have read all of the posts here and of defense photo essay, i know what a theory is. : the analysis of a set of facts in their relation to + bubonic plague, one another. : abstract thought : speculation. : the general or abstract principles of a body of fact, a science, or an essays sally mann, art. a : a belief, policy, or procedure proposed or followed as the basis of action. b : an ideal or hypothetical set of facts, principles, or circumstances —often used in the phrase in theory. : a plausible or scientifically acceptable general principle or body of principles offered to papers plague, explain phenomena.

a : a hypothesis assumed for the sake of argument or investigation. b : an unproved assumption : conjecture. c : a body of theorems presenting a concise systematic view of a subject. i am interested in mba essays 2012 this discussion because i have often said that we believe much of what we do because of + bubonic plague, simply where we were born and olin mba essays, raised, and yet smart people, born hemispheres apart, can be just as sure as each other (in their opposite opinions) that they are correct about something without proof. Did that make sense ? Also it bothers me that we use tradition to research papers plague, promote and accept , unacceptable positions. My only olin mba essays contention with you is that you are only illustrating Scott’s point and senior research papers plague, also that you seem to have made a judgement on my positions and i don’t think that i’ve taken any except with Hughe. The Truman Show Questions? i was simply trying to point out what the senior + bubonic plague, essay is about. All that nonsense about alternate theories was from essay, Hughe and research papers plague, i was telling him that there is no alternative to the proven truth.

I appreciate that much of to a scientific paper, what you wrote was directed toward Hughe. Yes, I suppose I did take issue with what you wrote. I have been clear: a smart and educated person knows what they don’t know. Given Scott’s hypothesis, how do you know that you’re not merely another person supporting a bad idea? I assure you that I am not in any way illustrating Scott’s point. Senior Papers + Bubonic? Do you not see why? I am not making any claim but rather refuting Scott’s point, so it is impossible for show questions me to be illustrating his point. Moreover, I feel uncertain as to senior + bubonic plague, why you felt the need to aspects, post all of those definitions about the word “theory.” I am well aware of + bubonic, its meaning but it seems that you are not.

For all intent and english, purpose, scientific theories are facts—at least as close to fact as we can come. Senior Research Papers + Bubonic? Look up the fallacy of equivocation. With that said, this is essays candy mann, not meant as a condemnation of Scott; I think he is research papers + bubonic, a great writer and makes a lot of great points, but I vehemently disagree with him on this point. Ergo, I recommend you read carefully what I wrote. I have spent my life debating and thinking carefully about of defense photo issues and I can tell you unequivocally that it is almost always the loudest and proudest who are certain of plague, their positions; these are usually loudmouthed, poorly educated ignoramuses who spout what they saw on Fox News. One merely needs to sally mann, debate with a creationist in order to senior research papers + bubonic plague, witness my point. Steve, i know that you’re “pissed off ” and candy sally, find me “irritating” but check yourself. i have a ‘grasp’ on what has been said. you have not. Plague? it is partly my fault because i referenced you instead of Hughe, but if you were that smart you should have been able to introduction scientific, figure that out. unless YOU have not read all of the posts, in which case the ‘no grasp’ moniker falls to senior, you. this essay is not about who ‘tends’ to department of defense essay, defend bad ideas , but a specific group of people and WHY they defend bad ideas when they should know better. on evolution, i did not offer an opinion and research papers + bubonic plague, you reveal a lot about yourself in scientific research your assumptions. Senior + Bubonic Plague? if you read Hughe’s posts you might understand my comments concerning theories. In science, a theory is a rigorously tested statement of general principles that explains observable and introduction research, recorded aspects of the world. A scientific theory therefore describes a higher level of senior plague, understanding that ties “facts” together. A scientific theory stands until proven wrong — it is never proven correct. Hughe’s assertion was that “a theory is a theory” and since it remains unproven, stands equal in show questions probability with an alternate theory.

Now have you got a grasp ? Tap, Tap, The hole you’re digging is + bubonic plague, very nice, and it is the right size. But you’ve got the wrong author. I wondered how long it would take for you to of tourism, show your nasty side. Research? Here’s what you miss: what I wrote and what Hughe wrote are at different ends of the spectrum. Steve, one last thing. If you’ve ever been tricked, misled, cheated on, lied to, pranked, suprised, discovered a secret (person,place,or thing), then you don’t know what you don’t know, but when you find out you’ll be wiser. Yes, why are we arguing? I agree with you.

Being smart does not mean one is omnipotent or flawless. Steve, i knew as soon as you used the term ‘anti-intellectual’ that we were alot closer on essays, issues than you might think. i wanted to research papers plague, see how far this would go. i intentionally did not offer opinion on the issues that were brought up. yes i agree with most of english essays, what you have said but am troubled that you do not see how you have illustrated or exemplified Scott’s premise. this essay was not political or derogatory to any group, and only asked and tried to senior research papers + bubonic, answer a question about a specific group of research paper, people. your argument, as i see it , is that everyone (or group) wants to be right and will or has defended bad ideas. Senior Papers? maybe, but that is not what this essay is olin, about. My mother is smart. she has a masters and papers + bubonic, was a teacher for 25 yrs. she is a financial wizard, an artist, and possesses all homemaking skills. Essays Mann? when confronted with a new challange she is adapatable and innovative. Senior Papers + Bubonic? she is retired now and receives a state teachers pension and SS and medicare. English Essays? She is in the hospital as i write. She is anti-union, anti-government, pro-corporation. she lives on her Union Pension and research papers, SS, gets the best health care between her retirement heath care and medicare, and will probably never recover her stock loses from the bush years (she is 85). Teaching? Why would she defend the policies from the senior plague, right so ardently ? Scott nailed it , Smart people can follow stupid leaders (seeking praise or promotion) Smart people may follow their anger into stupid places. They may be trained or educated into stupidity.

Smart people can inherit bad ideas from their parents under the guise of tradition. They may simply want something to be true, that can never be. This is olin mba essays, not to say that only smart people do these things or that all smart people do them , but when they do, why ? and research papers + bubonic, how do they defend them ? and how can i debunk them ? that is mba essays, what this essay is about. Interestingly enough, it sounds like you are describing my own mother—almost perfectly. Admittedly, I do not have much patience any more as I have been at the debating game too long, and research + bubonic plague, I have made many of my own observations about people namely that it so refreshing to read words from teaching essays, someone who is senior plague, cogent, cautious and thoughtful; these are hardly qualities one sees amongst the english teaching, ignorant and poorly educated. As such, I do not suffer fools well and can get cranky.

Here is the crux of where I think you and Scott are going wrong: you asked “Why would she defend the policies from the right so ardently ? Scott nailed it , Smart people can follow stupid leaders […].” What then does it mean to be stupid? Such a definition renders the word “smart” as being altogether meaningless. This is exactly why I called this anti-intellectual. We live in an age where people merely rebrand everything. Senior Papers? During the Bush years “torture” became “enhanced interrogation” which is, of course, complete excrement. Positive Aspects Essay? I am sorry but the things you describe are not the habits of a smart person.

I do not mean any offense toward your mother or even mine for that matter. So, I reject your assertion that I am exemplifying Scott’s position because I am not defending a bad idea; I am rejecting one. It troubles me that you don’t see the difference. There is an interesting phenomenon called the + bubonic plague, Dunning-Kruger Effect which, according to mba essays, Wikipedia, is “[…] is a cognitive bias wherein unskilled individuals suffer from illusory superiority, mistakenly rating their ability much higher than is accurate. This bias is attributed to a metacognitive inability of the unskilled to papers + bubonic, recognize their ineptitude.” In short, ignorant people fail to see their ignorance. Indeed, this is a point upon which Socrates himself might have a lot to say. Here is a great article I recommend to a lot of show questions, people : Steve, i think you just called my mom stupid and me a fool. ok, for arguments sake let’s call smart and stupid, high mental capacity and senior plague, low mental capacity, respectively. 2012? my mom is not stupid, but all of the reasons listed above , for smart people to defend bad ideas, pertain to her, as well as just wanting to be right. this essay was written in colloquial conversation and you know what the author means. you exemplify Scott’s premise by employing every tactic (including belittlement and use of whatever snide or manipulative tactics you have) discussed, trying to be right. it is senior research + bubonic plague, you who have presented the straw man. Of Defense Photo Essay? this is not an essay defining ‘smart’, but is about a person, having been already defined as smart, defending a bad (stupid) idea (position, stance, law, whatever). you have made assumptions about the author and me that sparked an anger within you. it is unfounded.

Neither did I call you nor your mother stupid; in research papers + bubonic plague fact, I used my own mother as an example. Even I would never be that rude. I was merely illustrating a point. On a level, I do not disagree that smart people defend bad ideas—it’s part of the human experience—but I do not think it is essays cigarette sally mann, their “smartness” that has anything to do with the underlying cause. In fact, my overarching issue with Scott’s essay is that he, in my opinion, misuses the word “smart” thereby rendering it meaningless.

I know full well what Scott is asserting for part of what he has written about is referred to + bubonic plague, as “the argument from ignorance.” I too am a university graduate with a philosophy degree, so I know exactly what he’s talking about. As for me, I take issue with the fact that I have dealt with a horde of positive of tourism essay, stupid religious people who continually state: “Well, prove God doesn’t exist,” or “You can’t prove God doesn’t exist.” I don’t have to! These dolts overlook an research papers + bubonic plague, obvious point that, before anything else, they can’t prove God does exist. Are these people smart or dumb? Or let’s take the english, average Fox News viewer—the very group who vote against their own self-interests—are these people smart or dumb? I assert that it’s likely the papers + bubonic plague, latter but certainly not always. We all can defend bad ideas—both smart and dumb alike—so, that being the case, we have not really answered the root cause of department of defense photo essay, Scott’s query. In the end, generally speaking, we don’t find that it’s usually the senior papers plague, educated or smart people defending bad ideas but rather the opposite. We can go on and on and I do not mean any disrespect to either Scott or you. I simply disagree with this position. P.S.

Yes, I stand corrected on my use of the word “ignorance.” I was using it as a pejorative term. I do agree that Ignorant is not stupid. Steve, by definition ignorant people can not know of olin mba essays 2012, their ignorance. Senior Research? that does not make them stupid. what does that have to introduction, do with the price of tea in china ? this essay is research papers plague, still not about to a paper defining smart or stupid or ignorance, or the political direction of research papers plague, this country, or religion , or ethics, or any of the BS discussed here, except as they influence people with above average IQs to introduction to a scientific, support and defend bad ideas. If i’ve been rude it is not because you are smart but wrong, but because you poked me first with the research + bubonic, rude stick. Steve, you still don’t get what this essay is about and it makes me question….your reading skills. English Essays? It is NOT about comparing people or groups of people, or labeling people as smart or stupid, or which group of people act stupid more often than another, or the religious right, or fox news. it is about people that have the research + bubonic plague, intellect to come to correct conclusions about of defense photo what is true or real, and solve problems, and why they would choose to initiate, support, and/or defend, ideas and positions, that they already know, through their intellect, are not beneficial, moral, ethical, fair, or reasonable. + Bubonic? FYI, i googled Scott Berkun and although i may be wrong, he appears to be liberal, probably Dem., and is a regular commentator on MSNBC . You are angry (and i don’t really blame you) and positive aspects of tourism, coming across like Sean Hannity, trying to senior research papers plague, make this about something that it is candy sally, not. i would rather argue with you than against you if we could stay on topic. i will admit that although i grew up thinking my mom was the senior research, smartest person in the world, i have been questioning just how smart she really is , for years. love you mom. Whilst reading this, I was hoping to email you personally. Unfortunately however, a comments box just doesn’t have the same feel to it, and of course, I am much more reserved on the words I choose to place here – That’s the problem with being famous (by having one best selling book, I think you can deem yourself worthy of some length of show, fame) Scott, the ordinary person just cannot get hold of you personally.

While already understanding and being knowledgeable about your topic of conversation, I thoroughly enjoyed reading it, and can clearly recall using these tactics during my youth (and I remember both winning and not (however, it’s not necessary to belittle (in my own opinion))). The sole purpose for my comment is to say thank you, for ending a mildly shitty ending to research, a day with some light reading that lifted my mood. Side note: I must say however, during the process of research, writing this, I became very lost in reading the comments, which were truly entertaining. Although while two individuals I read arguments from senior + bubonic plague, both sound of intelligence, a debate between each other is much less productive than developing a document of their own speculations and questions to to a scientific paper, consider. You are tenacious if nothing else. Come on, Sean Hannity, really? I thought I was more like Rush Limbaugh. Indeed, I am likely one of the most leftwing Americans you could possibly meet.

However, I know this was meant in the pejorative sense, but simply because I have edges that scratch doesn’t ipso facto make my arguments erroneous. We both know that I understand perfectly well what this article is about. Sadly, you have demonstrated what so many others before have done. You simply either don’t understand what I have written or you ignore what I have written. Did you look up the Dunning-Kruger Effect? My initial charge that this was an anti-intellectual rant is simply for the fact that Scott set the senior + bubonic plague, tone when he stated “I feel qualified to write this essay as I’m a recovering smart person myself and I’ve defended several very bad ideas.” And my point on teaching, this hasn’t changed: smart people usually recognize when they’ve erred and research papers + bubonic plague, usually correct their mistakes. It is stupid people who don’t and it is also stupid people who are arrogant and refuse to change their opinion. Introduction Research? To argue otherwise is senior research + bubonic, idiotic; thus my reference to the Dunning-Kruger Effect. Moreover, Scott stated that “if you learn a few tricks of logic and debate, you can refute the obvious, and defend the ridiculous.” Strangely, I can think of a thousand instances wherein stupid people defend really bad ideas, and despite a plethora of evidence to the contrary they will remain steadfast in their position.

Indeed, evidence bounces from them like water off of english teaching essays, a duck (excuse the senior research plague, exhausted idiom). However, Scott then goes on to refute himself when he states that these “smart people” (who he asserts are really dumb) keep on fooling people “until they come face to face with someone who is tenacious enough to dissect their logic, and department, resilient enough to senior + bubonic, endure the thinly veiled intellectual abuse they dish out during debate.” Indeed, this sounds like he means someone who is erudite and has the of defense photo, requisite knowledge to dissect bad ideas. Bullshit is bullshit and no amount of intellectual sleight of hand will change this. He then goes on to sort of confirm what I am saying when he states that “the wise and skeptical know that even an senior research papers + bubonic, infinite number of data points in the past may only essays cigarette sally mann have limited bearing on the future.” Yes, so true and it is the senior research plague, dumb people who fail to see this. In the end, I am not going to keep going round and introduction scientific research, round with every newcomer who jumps on this site and wants to senior papers plague, take me on. I have said what I have needed to say. I think he used this as a catchy theme but this essay can really only make sense when one replaces the word dumb where Scott means smart. Be well! P.S. This is not meant as a condemnation of Scott but rather my general frustration with America’s perpetual fliritng with the to a paper, anti-intellectual. Steve, if i had anything better to do i would be doing it. Senior Research Papers + Bubonic Plague? i live in the country with no close neighbors or people to talk to, and i find this topic very interesting. two things: what bad idea are you rejecting ? and… a smart guy is hiking in the woods and comes upon show questions, a rushing stream that he wants to cross. Research? he evaluates the mba essays, situation and deems it risky. Research Papers Plague? he knows that there is to a scientific paper, a potential for death by drowning. he attempts to papers plague, cross anyway. has this ever happened ? why ? none of your posts address this. you keep attacking Scott as being anti-intellectual. even if he is, it is not the english teaching, subject of this essay. also as you say ” smart people usually recognize when they’ve erred and usually correct their mistakes.” i think that scott explained that , that was exactly what he was doing in senior research plague writing the essay. another point, i don’t think we are talking about mistakes, but deliberately doing something that you know is teaching, a bad idea. i’m sorry but i do not agree with your assessment of this essay. your anger and frustration have lead you down the wrong path to the point that you are arguing politics and social issues with potential allies. Research + Bubonic Plague? probably not a good idea and again an example of what Scott is talking about.

Steve, The Dunning–Kruger effect is essays candy mann, a psychological effect in which people don’t realize their level of knowledge on a subject. People who know little about a subject think that they know more than they actually know. People who know a lot about a subject think that they know less than they do. The more you know about a subject, the less you think you know about senior research papers plague it. But the more you know about a subject, the better you know how well you know the essays cigarette sally, subject. you’ll have to tie this all together for me. what are you saying ? this is about specific subjects and doesn’t correlate with an senior research + bubonic plague, overall IQ. it does explain why dumb or ignorant people might be arrogant and inflexible. it does not address why a smart person would behave this way (defending bad ideas), ignoring their intellect and common sense. Good God you are frustrating! You read a few sentences and somehow think you now understand the Dunning-Kruger Effect. On Wiki, under the section titled “Historical Antecedents” why then do they quote the late, great Bertrand Russell who said “One of the painful things about english teaching essays our time is that those who feel certainty are stupid, and those with any imagination and understanding are filled with doubt and senior research + bubonic, indecision[?]” I mentioned the olin mba essays, Dunning-Kruger Effect because smart people aren’t the issue but rather dumb people. As I said, essentially everywhere Scott wrote the word “smart” one should replace it with the word “dumb.”

Religious people are a perfect example of this. Despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary people just keep on believin’ because Jesus is coming back, and those pesky scientists will soon see; how about the 911 conspiracy theorists; how about non-GMO foods, or people who reject immunizations? I suppose all of these people are really smart people. Research Papers + Bubonic? Read Russell’s quote, drink it in, think a moment, and ask yourself why Russell wrote what he wrote. oh snap ! i just realized (can you be smart but slow ? ) that Steve totally blew me off in his last post ! who do you think you are Wyatt Earp? i may be a newcomer but i came here looking for answers to a social question, not to positive, take down the local quick draw. you’re funny dude, be well also and if your time is plague, so precious, it is probably a bad idea to waste it here. Steve, first: you can stop responding any time you want. second: i told you that you would have to tie it all together for english teaching essays me as i didn’t and still don’t get your point (Dunning-Kruger Effect ) as it concerns this essay. i will not repeat this again, this essay is not about dumb (low mental capacity) or ignorant people. i know why they do what they do. and YES they do behave in senior the same manner. why do YOU do things that are bad ideas ? BTW you never answer questions but change the subject. your main weapon is “If You Can’t Dazzle Them With Brilliance, Baffel Them with Bull Shit” and is yet another tactic described in this essay. English Essays? you see i know why people like my mom think the plague, way they do, or i’m learning a lot in olin that direction. an interesting article is at http://mysite.du.edu/ and explains the southern myth. it goes hand in hand with a couple of Scott’s answers. Tradition and Wanting to believe that something was different than it really was. Religion is a huge factor. these are people that are not dumb but choose to ignore their own best interest, logic, intellect, and common sense.

Why? if i get you right, you are saying these cultured, educated, high IQ, individuals aren’t actually smart. You’d be an interesting person to have a face to senior research papers + bubonic, face with. Mba Essays 2012? This is not the best way to communicate. We’re simply talking past one another. No, as I have been saying you aren’t getting me at all. I am not saying as you think “if i get you right, you are saying these cultured, educated, high IQ, individuals aren’t actually smart.” No, I am saying they are smart. Do you now concede you’ve missed what I said? Steve, look i know you can write a long post. i may not be tenacious enough to stick with you. answers from you are hard to come by senior papers plague, but you were pretty quick to point a finger. if they are smart, why do they do what they do ? i’m not very educated so you will have to speak plainly and state your position clearly and i promise i will read it with an open mind. and yes i must have missed something because i don’t have any idea what you are talking about. except that you feel that america is being dumbed down, religion is out of essay, control, stupid people are running things and making bad decisions, and research papers + bubonic plague, push one bad idea on top of another, and so on… i get that. i am not asking about those things. BTW we have to hammer this out department essay, before monday (or not) cause my new guitar is arriving then and i guaranty i won’t be here. You seem a nice guy. In truth, you have done me a great service.

I don’t mean any disrespect but you have made my point much better than I have. Enjoy that new guitar because that was a skill I desperately wanted but could never master. now the condescension. what are you bailing out research papers, ? am i too stupid to bother with ? if you didn’t want to be understood, why did you post in the first place ? i’ll start over. you answer the question. why do smart people defend bad ideas ? if smart people are more aware of 2012, their deficient knowlegde on any given subject , why then would they defend an idea in which they knew their knowledge was deficient and had huge stakes at risk? i think that the answer is that there is a personal pay off of senior research papers + bubonic plague, some kind. Positive Of Tourism? ego, money, social status, religion, tradition, conformism (if that is a word, everybody wants to senior papers, be seen as the exemplary american and are even intimidated into line) , and what have you. if you read the article i posted you will see that a large part is just wanting things to aspects, as you want , not as they are. i think scott nailed it. Research + Bubonic Plague? so just answer one more question, the title of teaching, this essay. Steve, Scott, and anyone who has been following this : I found this site doing a google search using precisely the same question as the title of this essay. I found it to agree with what i have been thinking, and thought it might be useful in practice during conversation at family gatherings. i consider my family to research + bubonic, be smart and don’t understand why they think the way they do. Positive Essay? we were raised together by the same parents, same schools, same church, many of the research papers plague, same friends, and so on. why am i so different ? and candy cigarette mann, it is troubling because i don’t want to senior research + bubonic plague, be different. Essays Mann? i want to senior research + bubonic plague, fit in the truman but can not accept biased, bigoted, illogical, superior , holier than thou, attitude of senior + bubonic, my family. of particular trouble is the fact that i was raised in the deep south.in researching southern antebellum times, is where i started to figure out what was going on. i should say that my saving grace is that i MOVED, to an area with tremendous ethnic and cultural diversity. the confederate ” Lost Cause” and the myth of the old south is positive aspects, a perfect example of how my family thinks. it also fits perfectly with Scott’s premise. so i agree with Scott and thank him for the info on how to papers, deal with them. I jumped into this thread when i read Steve Thomas’s posts. Although i probably agree with him on most political and olin mba essays, social issues, i thought he was doing exactly what Scott was talking about. he started his post with “I seem to + bubonic plague, be one of the sole dissenting voices here”. that is not a typo. he went directly to belittlement, and cigarette sally, superiority . next came an accusation of senior + bubonic, straw man tactics and he presented his own straw man.next came preaching from authority and name calling. then came anger and dismissal . next came a left field comment about america and the truman show essay, a hint at senior research + bubonic plague the H-G effect (that i believe to be irrelevant to this discussion) which he refers to later many times. this is all in his first post (or at least one post). somehow he has interpreted this essay as a shot at intellectuals. i decided to try an experiment and try to use scott’s tactics. Olin? i’m afraid i did poorly but i don’t think i am wrong. Senior Plague? that brings us to of defense essay, what i learned. i have a need to be right, but more than being right , i need to keep the conversation going. Senior + Bubonic Plague? i am lonely and bored and think i have an intuitive sense that lets me see through BS and know what is right. i also think that i know what i don’t know, but also realize that unknown is unknown and therefore i am ignorant on of defense photo, many topics and i can and i do, stupid things.

However for me, i always try to default to papers plague, the least risk, when considering any direction. Candy Sally Mann? i already knew i had a short temper. so thanks scott, i think having read this , it will help me. Steve we are simpatico on almost everything but this essay, and research + bubonic plague, any who has read these posts, i would really be interested in reading what you might think about it all. Yes, indeed, you are arguing the typical “Sarah Palinesque” folksy, whimsical, appealing to the “smart” common man. The common sense argument which is more often than not employed as a logical fallacy. Candy Sally Mann? Once again, I hold up your post as perfect evidence to my previous points. What you describe as a smart person actually is considered an ignorant where I come from. Unfortunately ignorance is spreading. Did you realize how fashionable zombie shows have become recently, you see the connection? Well, I actually typed why people questioned other people on google and on the search results, I clicked on this link instead.

And I must say this is a very interesting read. hey steve, couldn’t stay away i see. Papers? it seems that you’ve been at scientific paper this comment page for three years. Research + Bubonic Plague? talk about tenacious. was that palin remark because i compared your arguing to olin mba essays, sean hannity ? the newness of my guitar has worn off so i checked in. my common sense comes from experience, and i have experienced folks (is that folksy enough ?) like you all too often. It doesn’t hurt that i like to senior research plague, read. i have admitted that i have a need to be correct. it makes me feel superior, and while that might be vain, it feels good. i think your need stems from your education. it probably cost a lot, time and money, and you would have been stupid to positive aspects of tourism essay, have obtained it if it wasn’t worth the cost. your experience in debate does not translate to common sense in real situations. that is presumptuous of research papers + bubonic, me, but is the truman essay questions, my guess. in your first paragraph, in your first post you say..” Okay, let me get this straight; if another person proved a “smart person” wrong by using logic then the other person is a smart person, so how do we know that the other person isn’t simply defending another bad idea. “… we don’t , they might both be wrong, using flawed logic, but that is research plague, not the question. i think that to positive essay, understand each other we should start over. how would you answer the research + bubonic, question posed by this essay. without attacking the author or changing the question ? BTW, if anyone is department of defense photo, Palinesque, it is you. avoid the question, attack, declare everyone unable to comprehend, change the + bubonic plague, subject, and the truman show questions, patronize. Plague? this might be the pot calling the kettle black, but you definitely have a superiority complex. It is english essays, a rather curious rhetorical device when we accuse our interlocutors of what we ourselves are guilty. Research + Bubonic Plague? Touche my friend, indeed, I see that you could not stay away either. This is akin to when Fox News refers to other media organizations as being “main stream.” Right-o . . Essays Candy Cigarette? . and the Christian Right is research + bubonic, a persecuted minority. Essay? You seem to senior plague, think that we’re talking past one another but it is clear to me that you’re simply not listening. I have stated and restated my main point. I have simply asserted that in most instances where Scott has written the the truman questions, word “smart” one could replace it with the senior + bubonic plague, word “dumb.” In fact, even HongChi noted that “What you describe as a smart person actually is considered an ignorant where I come from.” It seems he is english essays, asserting the same thing I have been.

I don’t know why this is plague, so difficult to accept, but the beating I have taken over this is olin mba essays 2012, interesting. Research + Bubonic? I have admitted that I can be brusque and even apologized to Scott, but this hero worshipping is, in the truman essay itself, reminiscent of the mentality of the Jesus-camp fodder. Lastly, the research, very fact that you, like Sarah Palin and so many of her ilk, like to of tourism essay, evoke common sense tells me a lot. Research Papers? Let me be unequivocal here: evoking common sense in an argument is a sure sign of bovine excrement. The Truman Show Essay? As I have noted repeatedly, this appeal to common sense is uniquely American and almost always wrong. 800 years ago it was common sense that the senior papers, sun orbited the earth—even our senses are fooled by this astronomical mirage—but science has since proved common sense wrong. If you want a great example of a smart person defending a bad idea then one need not look any further than Francis Collins who is the director at the truman show essay NIH. P.S.

Here is a good website for research papers plague you to examine: P.P.S. Please try to use capitals and paragraph spacing as it makes for much easier reading. steve, you first invoked “common sense argument”. Aspects Essay? The term common sense , based on senior plague, a strict deconstruction of the term, refers to essays, what people in common would agree on: that which they intuit (“sense”) as their common natural understanding. The term is also used to refer to beliefs or propositions that, in the user’s opinion, would in most people’s experience be prudent and of sound judgment, without dependence upon esoteric knowledge, study, or research, but based upon knowledge believed, by the person using the term, to be held by people “in common.” common sense IS sometimes wrong, that is why i read opposing opinions, but i know that the senior papers + bubonic plague, tree in the forest made a sound when it fell even though i wasn’t there. Introduction Paper? i was simply stating that i do not need to show my credentials ((i.e., I have been at the debating game too long I have spent my life debating and thinking carefully about issues and I can tell you unequivocally that it is almost always the senior plague, loudest and proudest who are certain of olin, their positions(could this be you ?); these are usually loudmouthed, poorly educated ignoramuses who spout what they saw on Fox News. Research Papers + Bubonic Plague? I too am a university graduate with a philosophy degree, so I know exactly what he’s talking about)) to make a point. you can not read about BS and know how it smells. then you throw out the Dunning-Kruger Effect , told me to read about it, and when i did , you said i couldn’t possibly understand it. well aren’t you special. The Truman Questions? i realize that we are both evidently liberal, and research papers, my reference to introduction research paper, hannity was only about your style, not content. the research papers + bubonic, palin thing was uncalled for so i felt compelled to send it back to you. English? yes, i AM back. i have admitted that i enjoy this, but i will not linger for three years on this. Research + Bubonic Plague? i was , and am still , looking for conversation, as i am starved where i live. i get that you reject scott’s premise. Department Of Defense Photo Essay? i just wanted to hear your explanation, in your own words, as succinctly as possible , as in your version of the essay. if you really want to be understood, that might do it. Senior? i don’t type and essays candy mann, am obviously poor at sentence construction, but i use spell check and papers + bubonic, you should be able to the truman questions, read my posts fine. my last question is, if you ” Admittedly, I do not have much patience any more as I have been at research papers + bubonic the debating game too long,” why are you here ? I have read this entire thread, and cigarette sally mann, I must say your argumentative skills are astounding. I think I’m similar to senior papers + bubonic plague, you, but I don’t posses the in-depth communication skills you have. I need to study those logical fallacies, though I know some. You seem like a guy with whom I could really converse. steve, the antonym for positive aspects of tourism essay “smart” is stupid … not intelligent : having or showing a lack of papers + bubonic, ability to cigarette mann, learn and understand things.

the antonym for “ignorant” is… informed. both “smart” and “stupid” people can be ignorant, scratch HongChi’s post. now i’m done with this discussion, unless you actually ask me a question. however, to change the subject alittle, i would like to say…. you say you are a liberal, yet you are bitter, biased, bigoted, narcissistic, elitist (in your own way), condescending, patronizing, blinded by research papers + bubonic, your own light, and spoiling for a fight (my assumption based on your posts). English Essays? you blend right in with the picture people like coulter, hannity, and limbaugh, paint of senior research, liberals. The Truman Show Questions? knock it off ! if you don’t have something constructive to say, shut the hell up. yes you have free speech but i am asking for your co-operation. don’t be like them (radical right). everything is not about left or right, like this essay, so why do you drag all the political BS into it. i am sure smart people on both sides have supported bad ideas. in today’s political environment, can liberals afford all the infighting of the kind going on in the GOP ? if you want to research + bubonic, discuss something that does not pertain to this essay, say like, manufacturing in america, i will tell you how to contact me via facebook. i would also like to take this opportunity to apologize for my part in mba essays this. i started it with comments intended for hughe but i apologized right away and we should have been able to research papers, put that behind us. we are potential allies in the political arena, and it probably not a good idea to piss off your allies. i don’t intend this comment to be mean, or sarcastic, and i will not comment farther unless asked (i’m getting another new guitar so i’ll be away for of tourism awhile anyway). peace and no worries brother, jax. Really powerful piece. I’ll definitely be referring to this one multiple times till I’ve extracted all it’s inherent value.

LOL, the part on playing pool reminds me of myself as that’s the way I played … Im definitely of the greater fool variety of plague, person, doing silly things, hating my own writing, disagreeing with myself CONSTANTLY! But! I have one definite trait, where I imagine that even though im a silly person, ive got something non silly people dont have, NON HOMOGEONOUS THINKING! Isn’t it great to be truly unique? Question the Unlogical…. Consider the Implausible. I needed; I found; my experience taught me that finding what I believe is right is as wrong as I can be. Logic is the positive aspects of tourism, last seduction of the thinking mind before it topples common beliefs. Logic is senior research papers + bubonic, simplicity at ground-level. For what I read, I’m very grateful. However, always remember that it is necessary to find the right level to solve the problem (I read that somewhere): you may NOT be dealing with a smart person at all.

Most people are profoundly shallow thinkers; their thinking is show essay, deeply superficial. Hi Jax and Steve, i hope you guys are still alive so that i can help close your argument! Steve’s definition of a “dumb/stupid/ignorant person” could perfectly match his interpretation of what the author’s “smart person” definition is. But Jax thinks that Steve is missing the point of the senior papers plague, article an i personally think he is too. Steve, you’re facing someone YOU believe is a smart person based on your own definition of research, “smart”. Is that absolutely/scientifically impossible that the senior research + bubonic plague, person you define as smart could take a bad decision? No, it isn’t. The Truman Questions? Unless you think smart people don’t intentionally take bad decisions. In theory, the only person i see that wouldn’t take a bad decision would be “Jesus”.

If the smart one could indeed take a bad decision, this article is proposing strategies that could help them change their mind. It also tries to suggests reasons why they take those decisions. It’s not about any people taking bad decisions, it’s about people seen as smart by the reader.taking bad decisions. For fellows like me and research + bubonic plague, Jax who are trying to olin mba essays 2012, deal with people we perceive as smart but take bad decisions, the solutions and reasoning related to this problematic are pretty interesting and seem valid. Maybe you are not interested and the subject and that makes you not read it as it is intended. Senior Research Papers Plague? But if feel that beyond that, you have an strong emotional reaction toward bad decision making and that feeling is taking over, making you unable to understand the introduction to a research paper, purpose of the article. So much talk about senior research papers + bubonic plague being smart. What iis a good definition of smart? is it an of defense, accumulation of facts memorized by contestants on a quiz show as jeopardy I don’t know. Hpw about papers + bubonic someone out there give a definition of smart.

Maybe this discussion might be interesting.As for myself I am not smart but I have a love for intellectual things.I must appologize for bad spelling and grrammer. I hsve spell check but it only seems to positive essay, underline my mispelled words. Let me raise up a point. Papers Plague? lets suppose we get an Albert Einstein typo fellow whom most of us respect but he decides to plsy a trick on us and very cleverly writes a thesus on a subject but it is all a clever lie. Would any of you on this forum recognize it. Maybe this scenario might lead us to accept an mba essays 2012, untruth . Who knows what is going on out there. How many of you have calculated the senior research + bubonic, size of the earh or the distance to the moon and introduction to a, all the other scientific claims out senior, there. To A Research Paper? After all if the scientific community is claiming truth for its theories then we should act like scientists and check them out. There have been frauds made by scientist out there.

One I recall is the piltown man.I won’t elaborate. Research Papers Plague? Look it up. I am sure the other scientists check out claims,They will check the claim over show essay and over again. How many times does an observanxe have to repeat itself so the the scienrific community accepts ir as truth.Once again how many times does an event have fo repeat ro be a scientic truth. Let me begin by saying upfront that this is not an attack on Scott but rather a further elucidation of my initial points. In light of some recent comments, I wanted to comment further. As I have noted, Scott seems to be a nice, smart and resourceful guy, so in no way am I denigrating him or his work. As such, Scott’s article has and continues to generate a lot of interest—which is great.

That said, either my initial points were not articulated very well or they were misunderstood—perhaps a little of both. My initial reaction to senior, his article was perhaps a little imprudent because it seemed to be in the vein of American anti-intellectualism. If there are those out there who think anti-intellectualism isn’t a serious problem for our country then there is little I can say to convince you otherwise. Indeed, one need look no further than the notion of “alternative facts.” Let’s begin by looking at Scott’s opening sentence: “We all know someone who’s intelligent, but who occasionally defends obviously bad ideas.” Firstly, yes, of course we do, but how many of the truman show, us know obtuse people who defend bad ideas? My guess is senior papers, that there are abundantly more obtuse people defending bad ideas than smart ones.

Secondly, the operative word in this sentence is “obviously” because I think it would be exceedingly rare—certainly not impossible—that a truly smart person would defend an obviously bad idea. On the other hand, let’s consider the number of show questions, people who are climate-change deniers, anti-evolutionists, conspiracy theorists, racists, or those who believe that the moon landings were faked. Indeed, the aforementioned are generally not the pursuits of the informed. The rejection of evidence in research favor of scientific, belief is pure folly—the “prove-it’s-not-true” crowd. Scott then went on senior research, to state that “if you learn a few tricks of logic and debate, you can refute the positive, obvious, and defend the ridiculous,” but then he immediately refutes his own statement by asserting that “if the people you’re arguing with aren’t as comfortable in the tactics of argument, or aren’t as arrogant as you are, they may even give in senior and agree with you.” What does he mean by the words “as comfortable?” By this does he mean educated in the ways of logic? It seems that after all “smartness” is the key defeating bad ideas and ignorance is the olin mba essays, key to accepting them. As the papers + bubonic plague, educated know, science is not perfect but it has something quite powerful: it is self-correcting; its findings are falsifiable. Which brings me to essays, my final point. There is a certain irony in Scott’s article for I contend that he is defending a bad idea here—although, not an obviously bad one. To put it bluntly, I think Scott is guilty of senior papers, equivocation: indeed, the smart people he describes seem dumb and the dumb ones seem smart thereby rendering either term meaningless. What then does it mean to be smart or dumb?

According to the truman show essay questions, Texas State Department of Philosophy, “The fallacy of senior plague, equivocation occurs when a key term or phrase in candy cigarette sally mann an argument is used in research papers plague an ambiguous way, with one meaning in one portion of the introduction research paper, argument and then another meaning in senior another portion of the argument.” This, to 2012, me, is the irony embedded within Scott’s article, and the reason I felt compelled to research papers, respond. Most of photo, your article is good and informative – I came here looking for answers to senior research papers + bubonic, that very question, not only being admittedly, like you, an intellectual who has ardently defended bad ideas, but also lived around and mba essays 2012, associated with other smart people who have done the same. Most of the time, it’s harmless nonsense like “water memory”, but where it gets truly dangerous is where we see well-educated people bring forth authoritarian collectivist ideologies that violate the rights of other human beings – Lenin, Che, Osama bin Laden, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi – these are/were all very educated individuals who championed vile, murderous ideologies, similarly to the students who brought about the tyrannical reign of + bubonic, Mao in english teaching essays Red China or the Ayatollah in papers + bubonic plague Iran. This is where “I’m smart, so I can never be wrong” turns into zealous, religious self-righteousness (ironically, even among atheists – see every Communist regime ever), and a person who thinks they can never be wrong on moral/ethical matters is a person who can justify the most monstrous atrocities in the name of some “greater good” (how often do we hear *that* b.s. excuse to infringe someone else’s rights these days?). Speaking of, as to your sideswipe at “free market economy and cigarette, democracy”, you know as well as I do that “Well, maybe.” is senior papers plague, a weak, lazy argument, and to a, considering the rest of the article, I expected better from you. America’s been around for 240 years and yeah, the “points of data” we have from that timespan, as compared to our chief competitors in nations suffering under Marxism or Sharia law show that our way of civilization is research papers, objectively, demonstratably superior. I don’t say this out of baseless chauvinism for Western Civilization either – look up “nations by quality of life” if you don’t believe me. Or better yet, look at essays where people are migrating en masse to and where they’re getting the hell out of. Hmm, I wonder if there’s a *reason* why America is still the #1 destination for senior + bubonic immigrants like myself? His remedy closely approximates a process I’m aware of called “problems of comparable magnitude” which I think is essay, better used for when there are those who think they have insoluble problems.

Asking someone “what problem will that create? Oh yeah? Well what problem will that create.. or openly inviting them in using step by step scientific method in conversation etc to a problem someone has gets the creative gears spinning and they will become less stubborn and plague, maybe find new solutions with their creativity rehabilitated. But It’s the lessening of stubbornness in covertly asserting ones right to openly speak logically using any sort of problem solving I find will not work in positive essay the long run. Research + Bubonic? This will only produce ignorance in someone which will probably provoke more defense of wrongnesses in the future I find.

I don’t have a College degree but what I think is missing from this essay is that spiritual beings cannot sometimes admit they are wrong. It’s their only survival. Of Defense Photo? It’s their last line defense (depending on their integrity as a being.) The best remedy to senior research + bubonic plague, handle someone who keeps doing something the wrong way or defending bad ideas is to rehabilitate their ability to teaching essays, be right. But using this reference. You simply ask “what is right about (wrongness)?” Gently enough and often enough and they will cease completely in their defense of wrongnesses. If you like that article you will like the papers + bubonic plague, one I linked.

Intriguing topic, thank you. But you might have overlooked the following important reason smart peaple defend bad ideas: maybe thet are – sometimes – not capable of having better ideas. Essay Questions? So, it is not just that they defend them, they also “have” bad ideas. You consider the senior research papers, limits of introduction to a scientific research paper, our evolved brains, but you do not discuss the inherent complexity of many of the things smart people want to senior research, have an idea about sally (the nature of the universe and senior papers + bubonic, consciousness may be prototypical examples). It is not only the of defense, problem of short sightedness and research papers plague, an inability to think long term, it is not only the future that is hard to predict, but it are many aspects of current and past reality as well that are hard to department photo, grasp. So it is senior papers, a more general problem, of which the inability to think long term is just one case. So, if some aspect of introduction to a scientific paper, reality is hard to grasp, why just not say “I have no idea”, rather than formulating a bad idea? Well, never a horse couldn’t be rode, never a rider couldn’t be throwed. […] Why smart people defend bad ideas […] […] man’, maybe that is why? Also apparently smart people like to be right even to the point of defending bad ideas according to senior research papers + bubonic, Scott Berkun who considers himself a recovering smart […] […] most people misunderstand human interactions: if a girl is nice to a guy, she’s into him; if you agree with someone, you are TOTALLY disagreeing with the other side of the english essays, discussion. There is papers + bubonic plague, that misunderstanding because there […]

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9 Simple Ways to + bubonic plague Write Product Descriptions that Sell. It’s an easy mistake. Even professional copywriters make it sometimes: writing product descriptions that simply describe your products. Why is it wrong? Because product descriptions need to sell your products. Let’s have a look at nine simple ways to persuade your web visitors with product descriptions that sell. Scientific Research? When you write a product description with a huge crowd of buyers in mind, your descriptions become wishy-washy and you end up addressing no one at all. The best product descriptions address your ideal buyer directly and personally.

You ask and answer questions as if you’re having a conversation with them. You choose the words your ideal buyer uses. You use the word you . This is papers + bubonic, how Think Geek starts the product description of an LED Flashlight: You know what's sucky about regular flashlights? They only come in two colors: white or that yellowish-white that reminds us of the teeth of an avid coffee drinker. What fun is that kind of flashlight? We'll answer that: NO FUN AT ALL. Introduction To A Scientific Research Paper? You know what is research papers plague, fun? Using the Multi-Color LED Flashlight to cast a sickly green glow over department of defense essay, your face while telling a zombie story around a campfire. Research? No campfire? Make a fake one with the orange light!

When it comes to writing your own product descriptions, start by imagining your ideal buyer. English Teaching? What kind of humor does he or she appreciate (if any)? What words does he use? What words does he hate? Is he okay with words like sucky and crappy ? What questions does he ask that you should answer? Consider how you would speak to your ideal buyer if you were selling your product in senior research + bubonic plague, store, face-to-face. The Truman Questions? Now try and senior + bubonic incorporate that language into your website so you can have a similar conversation online that resonates more deeply. When we sell our own products, we get excited about essays features and senior specifications.

We live and breathe our company, our website, and positive aspects of tourism essay our products. Research Plague? The problem is our potential buyers are not as interested in mundane features and specs - they want to know what’s in it for them. That’s why you need to the truman essay highlight the benefits of research papers + bubonic each feature. This is how Method Home describes one of their hand wash gels: Sometimes the scent of olin seasonal hand wash is + bubonic, all we need to rouse our holiday spirits. Positive? Available in an array of festive fragrances, our naturally derived gel hand wash will leave your hands soft, clean and ready to be tucked into a pair of fair isle mittens. It really is the most wonderful time of the year. Method Home suggests that the benefit of their soap is not just that your hands become soft and clean, but that the soap actually rouses your holiday spirit making the holidays more festive and therefore more enjoyable. Consider the benefit of each of your features.

How does your product make your customers feel happier, healthier, or more productive? Which problems, glitches, and hassle does your product help solve? Don’t sell just a product, sell an senior research papers + bubonic plague, experience . When we’re stuck for words and don’t know what else to add to our product description, we often add something bland like excellent product quality. That’s a yeah, yeah phrase. As soon as a potential buyer reads excellent product quality he thinks, yeah, yeah, of course; that’s what everyone says. Ever heard someone describe their product quality as average, not-so-good, or even bad? You become less persuasive when your potential buyer reads your product description and starts saying yeah, yeah to themselves.

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The terroir is excellent and research papers plague close neighbours of the Chilean star Montes winery. Of Defense Photo Essay? When it comes to research + bubonic plague telling a story about your products, ask yourself: Who is making the essays product? What inspired creating the product? What obstacles did you need to overcome to develop the product? How was the product tested?

Restaurants have known it for a long time: sensory words increase sales, because they engage more brain processing power. Here’s an example of chocolate maker Green and Black: Green and Black’s sensory adjectives don’t just refer to taste, but also to sound and touch: crunchy and smooth . Adjectives are tricky words. Often they don’t add meaning to your sentences, and you’re better off deleting them. However, sensory adjectives are power words because they make your reader experience your copy while reading. Dazzle your readers with vivid product descriptions. Think about words like velvety , smooth , crisp , and bright . Research Papers? When your web visitors are unsure about which product to questions purchase, they look for suggestions what to buy. They’re often swayed to buy a product with the highest number of positive reviews. Research Plague? But there are other ways to sneak social proof into your product descriptions. Online furniture seller Made.com hints at the popularity of a product: Including an image of a person adds credibility to a quote; it also makes an positive aspects, online company more personal and approachable encouraging customers to call to get answers to their queries.

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Join 407,818 entrepreneurs who already have a head start. Get free online marketing tips and resources delivered directly to your inbox. You’ll start receiving free tips and resources soon. In the meantime, start building your store with a free 14-day trial of plague Shopify. Wow great tips! I really like the idea of telling a story and painting a picture. The Truman Show Questions? I think too many people just copy and paste descriptions from senior papers + bubonic, a manufacturer.

Can#8217;t wait to the truman show implement some of this! Great to hear, Janice. Let me know how you get on! This may be the best #8220;how to write better product descriptions#8221; I#8217;ve ever read. Senior Research + Bubonic? Thanks for not being #8216;fluffy#8217; and getting right to the point. Thank you, Adrien. I hate fluffiness :) This is really good info just what i needed, thanks shopify team :) You#8217;re welcome Craig! Glad you found it useful. Great info, I believe my site needs some working.

The product description we used is factual although perhaps boring..Thank you for the guideline. Most product descriptions are boring. You have a great opportunity to english stand out by using a few seductive copywriting tricks. This is + bubonic plague, a very interesting summary, it motivates to go back to my product pages and radically change the research tone used to introduce the products. Thanks ! Great! Let us know how you get on? Great post Mark.

Lot#8217;s of excellent points here for us App developers as well. Thanks. Henneke I am imagining you helping out with our product descriptions and us increasing our sales. How might we set up a call! If you email me we can arrange a call: Henneke [at] EnchantingMarketing.com. Plague? Thanks!

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I thought I was quite clear in my head about who that was but then when Henneke asked #8216;What keeps this person up at night?#8217;, #8216;What car do they drive?#8217; made me think perhaps I don#8217;t know this person as well as I should. I am going to take her advice and draw out senior plague my two ideal customers and then imagine myself writing to them as suggested. Aspects? Thanks Team! You#8217;re welcome, Alanna. When you find yourself arguing with your ideal reader, you know you#8217;ve visualized her as well as you can! ;-) Hope you enjoy the book.

Great tips. Research Papers Plague? Sometimes we think that are products are to benign to department of defense photo essay write interesting descriptions for, but the examples for the grill tool and the flashlight prove that anything can be cleverly described. Research Papers + Bubonic? Yep, if even a handwash or grill tool description can sound enchanting, then most product descriptions can! Thank you for this article! Was a good read.Such obvious tips but often we forget. I#8217;ve downloaded the free e-book (THANK YOU!). Just read the first chapter about visualising the ideal customer. I thought I was quite clear in my head about who that was but then when Henneke asked #8216;What keeps this person up at night?#8217;, #8216;What car do they drive?#8217; made me think perhaps I don#8217;t know this person as well as I should. English Teaching? I am going to take her advice and draw out my two ideal customers and then imagine myself writing to them as suggested.

Thanks Team! You#8217;re welcome, Alanna. Once you start arguing with your ideal reader about what you#8217;re writing, you know you#8217;ve visualized her well! thanks for the perspective, really need to hit the sweet spot of the customer#8230;love the way your blog help me improve#8230; Thanks for senior research papers plague a great blog post. While I look forward to reading the free e-book, I#8217;ll address the essays candy cigarette mann issue that I face sometimes#8230;let#8217;s say you are going to add 6 new products to your website like a t-shirt. You have the same t-shirt design for research + bubonic men, women, juniors, youth, kids, and toddler sizes. If you#8217;re going to have 6 different product pages for to a this same t-shirt design, what do you recommend for writing descriptions for these 6 products that have the same design in papers plague, common? When I do this, I#8217;m already maxed out on what I can write by english teaching, the time I#8217;ve written copy for the third of the six products. That#8217;s a great question. I#8217;d write them on research + bubonic, two or three different days rather than all in one go (if you can plan it like that) Each shirt has a slightly different audience, so I try to get into the mind of the buyer and think about what would make him or her buy the candy cigarette sally t-shirt.

And do they buy it for themselves? Or for their child? Or is it a present? These questions can help you get into a slightly different mindset and papers picture someone else when you write. I don#8217;t know how standardized your product descriptions are, but you could try using different formats. For instance: start two or three with a question; and english essays the others with a statement. Research? Maybe try to start one with #8220;Picture yourself#8230;#8221; or #8220;Imagine if you#8230;#8221;. Setting yourself creative challenges can help to keep your writing interesting.

E.g. use a metaphor in one description or try some rhyme or alliteration in another. Scientific Research? I hope you enjoy reading the book! Inspirational as always , ideas that are creative but most of all , give us the potential to be poets of our descriptions , changing a dull engine part into senior papers plague a piece of fine art . Thanks again to our Shopify mentors :-) Outstanding article, Henneke. You didn#8217;t just explain the 9 ways, but you backed them up with practical examples to demonstrate the positive of tourism essay point, and make sure we understood exactly how to use them. Very well-written article. Thank you, Kevin :)

This is a great list of tips. What are your thoughts on senior research papers + bubonic plague, #8220;pain#8221; focused descriptions of positive essay product. We all respond to removing a problem or an annoyance and I#8217;ve found that when your product zeros in senior research + bubonic, and identifies the olin mba essays real pain and how you solve it, tends to convert quite well. Yes, great point, Adeel. #8220;Pain#8221; focused descriptions can be great. If you can address a problem or fear your target audience experiences, then you#8217;re on to a winner! :) Henneke, You nailed it.. Really, truly informative post with some great actionable advice and senior papers + bubonic examples. Totally loved the way Thinkgeek guys are doing it. We#8217;re all designers at our office and teaching essays we follow and get inspired from designer#8217;s e-comm store (like Neil Barrett, Marc Jacobs) and they write very less almost nothing for their products (May be they don#8217;t need to) so for senior papers our most of the essay questions products we do the same. However, I#8217;ll share your post with every one on the team and shall try to papers + bubonic get descriptions right. Huge shout for Shopify for enabling people to share great content. thanks again for sharing. Designer clothes are interesting.

I#8217;d say that someone like Marc Jacobs doesn#8217;t have to write product descriptions because he sells purely because of his brand name and the looks of teaching essays his products. If your brand is not so well-known, you can still benefit from product descriptions. + Bubonic? From a design angle what was your inspiration for a particular shirt, how did you design it? From a quality perspective how are they made? what materials are used? In subtle ways this information (in addition to essays cigarette mann great product photography of senior research + bubonic course) can help justify the price you#8217;re asking for your products. Really nice article. It helped me to track my mistakes in positive aspects, writing product descriptions. Well written and helpful. Thanks! I think I#8217;m going to write my cover letter using these tips #8212; uhh, minus the use of sensual words. Very helpful!

Always looking for ways to bring my product alive online. Give three examples of products that are particularly suitable for selling over the. . Why may the Internet work better for replacement buys for papers new purchases? Fabulous article thanks for publishing. My primary sales areas are eBay Amazon, so half the battle is getting people to introduction research paper actually find and then click onto your listings. The second part of the senior research papers + bubonic battle is, of course, then converting that initial interest or curiosity into a sale#8230;..

These tips are going to be of massive help to me in taking my business to of defense photo essay the next level. I have been incredibly guilty of producing utterly bland generic product descriptions previously, and not actually putting myself in research papers, the potential buyer#8217;s shoes. Our new business plan is very much focused on quality rather than quantity. However what is the point in me sourcing excellent products in order to then do them a complete injustice by essays, not fully appealing to the buyers senses. I want the senior + bubonic buyer to aspects be left feeling that they absolutely 100% NEED the product, and i believe your advice will be of great assistance in doing so. I reiterate a huge thanks for publishing this article. Fabulous informative article. Made me realise how much work I need to do on my product descriptions. Papers + Bubonic? Just purchased the ebook for further information.

Thank you for sharing for knowledge, What would you recommend when a product is listed on a website in around 30 different colours, each colour being a separate product? Thanks your for this information. Mba Essays? This will help update my seller profile on Fiverr http://www.fiverr.com/tteacherspks I#8217;m definitely saving this article! Thanks for sharing, simply useful ideas just what i need. Can you give me some examples for + bubonic our alternative chiropractic clinic, we are different in that we use a combination of positive aspects essay different treatments that no one else uses, but I can#8217;t get my head around how to word it. Many thanks, love your tips. Ingrid. First,I found your articles to be quite informative. Instead of the senior research hows and don#8217;ts , I want to of tourism essay thank you for being encouraging to new and senior research papers + bubonic experienced entrepreneurs.

Your many examples helped me to see that even as a large and experienced company you must be intone with your target market at all times. lastly, I would like to say thanks for taking the time to consider others in photo essay, the field of business who might not of known that there are still people out there like you,who care and research papers + bubonic plague are not out to discourage people who are still trying to get ahead. WOW! This is the first time I#8217;ve ever left a comment on a blog post. Thank you for this information. So open and honest. I#8217;m impressed and inspired by the tips you#8217;ve given.

I#8217;m going to show start working on senior papers, my website right now! Lol :) would you have presentation material of shopify which I could use so that I would be able to present shops,its design, look and department of defense photo feel, and usability in front of one of senior research papers + bubonic plague my clients? I am looking forward to hearing from you. Jumping on this , thank you. 2012? Thank you for this reminder. Enticing descriptions are important for uniqueness with SEO and senior research papers an overall branding strategy. Gonna improve some of my plain descriptions! Such a useful article, thank you. One piece of introduction to a paper advice I was searching for and didn#8217;t find was how long your product descriptions should be. Research? I have a habit of writing too much (I think but is this helpful to the customer?). I wonder based on your advice about using bullet points and lots of white space whether you would recommend keeping it short and aspects of tourism essay punchy?

Thanks! I stumbled across this article looking for tips on how to improve my product description copy writing. There#8217;s some fabulous tips here. Really useful thanks for sharing them. Jay. + Bubonic Plague? nic and essays candy sally mann easy and various examples blogs. I love this, it really gave more insight on research + bubonic plague, how to describe my products.. I wouldn#8217;t have a clue how to write about clothing.

Since I list up from my website directly to eBay I like to write the least. In this busy world, no one has time to read all my comments, so I give just the cigarette mann facts about the item. Any suggestions are welcome. Great copy writing ideas! Thanks for senior research + bubonic the tutorial. I have been selling products online for sometime now and have always felt something was missing. This article just hit me and introduction now I know exactly what I have to do. Thanks guys!

Thank you! I work with children and am generally funny, but was encouraged to senior research papers + bubonic plague be more serious#8230; Now I feel empowered to be more myself. Thank you for aspects of tourism essay the suggestions and examples, very helpful. Research Plague? This is totally usuful info that I#8217;ve been looking for I tend to write boring descriptions and have been looking for of tourism a way to research spice things up thanks so much for teaching sharing. It#8217;s my understanding that google doesn#8217;t search product listings with bullet points. Inspiring, makes a lot of sense, and very practical.

Hey Dear All Guys. I need Your Help Kindly Support me i started a new business of Food Trading but I stuck when company ask me send the business plane i dont hve idea how to senior research papers write a Impressive Business plan can any one help Me Plx i ill be very thank full Of yours. I can pay you for this Kind. Amazing tips. Brainstorming! nic and essay easy and various examples blogs. Nice article, i want to try do that, You know every single time I look up ways to get my site out there I always, always come across good content but I said to myself, I am sell a product not writing about senior papers + bubonic plague how to remove cellulite or writing a blog about the killer next door. Teaching Essays? At the end I give up, For heaven sake, all a product need is a description to say what it is and how many grams is in the pot plus ingredients.

But after reading this, I am excited to start that product description writing all over again this time replacing the old with the new that will sell. Wonderful wonderful article it is my first time to come across a product description content article, all I ever find on senior + bubonic, the net is introduction scientific, blog content. This is a 5 start article, Many many thanks for your time and for sharing. Brilliant article.

So helpful for my job. I#8217;ve gone and bought the book for research + bubonic more tips :) Your article was very interesting and mba essays 2012 informative. Although I will have to find a way to + bubonic plague make my products more descriptive. My target audience is essay, children #8212; 5-11 Webkinz, interactive plush toy. I use the senior research papers manufacturers#8217; description and picture for department essay the individual pets. but the purchasers are usually the parents. Just starting out on senior research, shopify, so this is english teaching, all new territory for me. Hi Suzan if you need any kind of help to build your store ,get in touch with me on. Thank you.

Its a wonderful , i learn something tips ideas how to improve a product to research sell my own product design and Looking forward to improve a potential market local and/or abroad#8230; Very nice. Love to recommendations and tips. I have several products added to my store and essays candy sally mann am working on the #8220;about Us#8221; section as well as product descriptions. Thank you for senior research the assistance. Really awesome tips. The Truman Essay Questions? They invigorate my imagination to senior research plague come up with headlines, bullet points and story. Really like the idea of sensory words. This is very helpful in so many ways, this will help me tuns for the idea i have. This article has given us a great start on figuring out how to write descriptions for our products. Although it seems like such a big job, we understand the importance of it and we see that our website can use it.

Thank you so much for scientific all your comments. Dahlia Weddings and senior research + bubonic plague Baptisms. Great great article! Thank you so much for department of defense the wisdom. Senior Research Plague? I have just started selling coffee and coffee machines in Kenya. Could someone please help me in positive aspects of tourism essay, coming up with a catchy tagline for the business? I would also appreciate if someone helped me in coming up with a very captivating product description for senior research + bubonic the same. My email address is essays, [email protected] Senior Plague? Thank you and be blessed. Thank you for the great article! Exactly what I was looking for to share with my team :) Really helpful.

Thanks a lot ! I really enjoyed all the tips! You absolutely described exactly what I do with my product! My husband thinks that I get way too over the top with my descriptions and little stories and it was a delight of mine too be able to show him your article and say see I#8217;m not either! Thank you! Really helpful. Want you more successful as well as more creative. Of Defense Photo Essay? Thank you so much for sharing helpful information. Just setting up my store and the article is very helpful.

Thanks so much! I#8217;m an Amazon and senior research Shopify Product Description expert. I will write a high conversion product description for you backed by my 100% Guarantee: https://www.fiverr.com/shelledesigner. I#8217;ve helped ecommerce businesses gross close to one billion per year. I look forward to the truman show questions helping you grow your business! Thanks for sharing this useful information, It is very useful and who are searching forahref= http://accentvelos.com/ebranding-Services-in-hyderabad.html E-Branding Services. Hi, I really appreciated this blog. I had to go back to all my products and redo them according to the suggestions/recommendations made. here. Thanks. :-) Thanks for giving an wonderful idea for making the brochure which enhances selling. Thanks for sharing this useful information, It is senior papers, very useful and who are searching forahref= http://accentvelos.com/ebranding-Services-in-hyderabad.html E-Branding Services.

Great write-up. Experimentation also go a long way in figuring out what works and won#8217;t work using different writing styles and formats in the long run. However, reading this without taking action is injustice, you can check this out https://www.fiverr.com/andychase/write-sensational-article-saturated-with-seo-keywords to to a research get great product descriptions written for senior research plague your e-commerce website. To our success! Hi, Your blog is very good. I just want to know how can I market Flashlights. well,that was impresive, i hope i can also get chance to involve but we will see as time goes on,thanks. Absolutely great article.

Super helpful. This is the area that I really struggle in. I have horrible copy on my site and this guideline should really make a difference in positive of tourism, what I produce. I#8217;m excited to senior papers plague go rewrite my copy! Thank you so much!! Amazing how simple it appears when someone shares steps. Positive Of Tourism? Thank you.

The tips were very good. I think I am going to redo some of my descriptions. Thank you. The tips were very good. I think I am going to redo some of my descriptions.

These websites and blogs post inspiring links to research cool product design from around the globe. Wow the timing was perfect for me to ready this. Great advice. I am just ready to launch my site and have completely re-written the descriptions. Here is an example: Multi Layer Tunic Wear with matching straight leg pant D2000D for a sophisticated yet flirty look.

Flattering on most body types. Multi Layer Long Tunic. This is the piece that when you walk in a room heads turn. Our sophisticated yet flirty multi- layer tunic “accentuates the positive and eliminates the negative”. Wear with matching straight leg pant D2000D for a sophisticated yet flirty look or wear it with jeans just for fun. Flattering on most body types. Where is the button to edit a post? I hate seeing my typos ahhhhh. Very informative and useful information, well worth the read Thank you for this Post. This gave me so much inspiration!

I can#8217;t stop writing. English Teaching Essays? I need to go to bed, but I just. Can#8217;t. Stop! Haha I#8217;m so glad I stumbled upon this. Thanks so much! full responsive then you can go link blew. full responsive free html5 responsive ecommerce templates. then you can go link blew.

Speaking as a person who#8217;s team creates 54,000 product descriptions a year, Mark knows what he#8217;s talking about. It#8217;s incredibly refreshing given all the other TBU (true but useless) tips out there about research papers + bubonic plague product copy. Mann? Thanks for caring enough to research papers plague think deeply about essays candy cigarette sally product copy. A bit more on the power of story: every chapter of every Malcom Gladwell book begins with the personal story that illustrates his point. Research Papers? (Flip open one of english teaching his books and see for yourself). If the true intent of the chapter is to tell you that we suffer from unconscious bias, he begins the story of two men in an Ohio barber shop in 1899. We#8217;re hypersocial beings. Our brains light up when we#8217;re told a story about people.

Our brains don#8217;t light up when we#8217;re provided information about things. If you want to research + bubonic sell a product (or an idea), start with the story about a person. Scientific? thank you for a great post.Hot,amazing,dance. including reasonable comments here#8230; the artical so nice vey informetive and useful information.thanks. this was very helpful thank you so much/ Wow! I had all this while been doing the wrong PDs. Thanks for sharing! Guys. Very effective and to the point article, such articles helps for papers real like some helping hand , keep writing more and make your articles more contagious and addictive.

Big Fan !! By far the best product description on Internet. How do you guys at Shopify write such high-quality content one after another? I want a link to that post. lol. What a great article. I am just in of defense essay, the process of improving all of our product descriptions and whilst I am doing most of papers what is department, suggested there are a few gems that I am going to papers + bubonic try out, in of defense, particular getting customers to provide product reviews. Such an insightful and brilliant article from senior research, author Henneke Duistermaat. I still make the mistakes when writing that the author mentions here. It#8217;s so easy to forget, even when you have been doing this for a while.

That#8217;s why it#8217;s so important to be reminded. Many online enterpreuners choose Writology.com to find professional writers and order product descriptions. lol eZ game faggits. Thankyou for essays candy cigarette sally an excellent blog, I#8217;m currently building my first website and papers + bubonic needed assistance in writing a decent product description and you have certainly helped me with this task. I have managed to put something together but I was hoping someone out there with more experience could take a look at my product description to see if it#8217;s in mba essays 2012, need of a little polish. Please let me know if someone would take a look if I upload my description. This is a wonderful article and will help enormously when writing up new descriptions of cushions. I had identified that I was the target market and research + bubonic so try to use my personality or just the words that come into my head in descriptions. Our website is a re-vamp of an old one and we have had a lot of essay positive traffic which we now need to convert into sales. New descriptions will have tips on where to use a nice new cushion and inspirational photography which is senior research papers, extremely useful. Keep up the good work and if a rooky like me can do it anyone can!

Karen the Cushion Queen. Normally, I like to buy products from essays, online market place. It’s hassle free to me and flexible almost. There are various shopping websites in the online market. Shoppingmallus.com is the most preferable to me as I trust this website most. Really this is an senior papers + bubonic, awesome website as I believe. Just read your blog, read my product description and Yikes!

Thank you so much for this! Check it out and tell me what you think https://www.pureposture.net/collections/products/products/pure-posture-board. - now to english do something with this long link :) Thanks so much for these tips. Research Papers + Bubonic Plague? They are so welcome and essay valuable. I#8217;m new to research papers + bubonic web writing but have to produce short product descriptions of fashion items for a boutique that has just gone online. I must admit I have been catching my head at the sixth pair of department photo essay denim jeans. Might have to read your book!

This is good but use for to much energy. Such great tips! As a responder previously mentioned way back in senior research + bubonic, 2013#8230;and I just saw this as a newbie who just recently launched#8230;I would love some help with my descriptions. Can we communicate? Thank you! Yes, your article was indeed helpful.

Along the scientific paper lines of papers + bubonic plague what I was thinking. Thank you for confirming my own opinions on introduction scientific research paper, how to senior + bubonic write a good, no enticing, product description. this is a goood for users. Helpful! I turned my boring post of just describing my product to aspects essay explaining it. Senior? Thank you so much#8230;.very helpful to sally write article about products and research + bubonic plague it makes more effective. Very helpful article!

I#8217;ve got some work to do! Good blog along with the excellent quality stuff and I’m sure this will be greatly helpful. website improve. English Teaching? Good tips to be followed . I will apply your tips very soon as I am working now on the final touches on my store. good blog. Your artical is helpful for me now. Thanks! This post is very insightful have some good points. I was looking for guide on #8220;How to write product review#8221; and all the articles I got this is bloody best. Research Papers? I like especially your mentioned real pieces of review from different sites. that#8217;s really educative. OMG#8230;.. This article made a great point. I am building my first eCommerce store.

Some of my suppliers are from across the essays cigarette sally mann water and their descriptions are so unstructured. I have to recreate a whole new description and research it is tedious. Its taking me longer to create my store. In the end I can rest assure that my products will sell a lot better. Great info.

Don#8217;t know if I am just not in the mainstream of buyers, but I don#8217;t like to read all of the fluff (Salesman Pitch) and of tourism just want to senior plague know the details of the department of defense photo product. + Bubonic Plague? I like the description of the of defense Sperry Top-Sider Angelfish Loafers and the Smooth Orange Juice as they actually told me about the product without a bunch of stuff to papers take my time to read. So ofter the details of the product is not listed very well and the truman essay questions space is taken up with stories. If I am checking out a product it means I have already decided I want it and just need the specifics about the product to make my decision. This is actually really handy! es muy interesante este articulo , aunque no lo pude entender todo, por no ser muy bueno mi ingles. pudiera tener esta informacion en espanol, aunque lo que entendi lo pondre de inmediato en practica gracias. Senior Research Papers + Bubonic? This is super helpful. I#8217;m definitely going back to my descriptions and spice them up a bit.

Thank you so for the info. Teaching? Fortunately or unfortunately, writing is an art, a gift. Papers + Bubonic Plague? To really be a source of the #8216;wave#8217; it has to the truman show essay be inside you. I write product descriptions, and at times, I just can#8217;t stop writing. For perfect product descriptions, hire a talented and learned writer. One who can contextualize and generate an papers plague, all inclusive product description that puts your product in the limelight. Pay them to do a few sample descriptions then choose whether to proceed or not. If you want to try me out, email me at olin, [email protected] LKF, when written correctly, ThinkGeek, is actually written without the senior research papers space.

They care deeply about brand identity. :) Useful content keep up the mann good work, Join 407,818 entrepreneurs who already have a head start. Get free online marketing tips and resources delivered directly to your inbox. You’ll start receiving free tips and resources soon. In the meantime, start building your store with a free 14-day trial of Shopify. Shopify is senior research + bubonic, everything you need to sell anywhere. Start your free 14-day trial today! Find a product or business idea and get started. Resources and tips for getting started.

Start generating more traffic and sales today. Industry trends and news that matters. Essays? Ideas and examples for senior research + bubonic improving your business. Teaching? Learn everything about running a business. Discover your personality type as an entrepreneur.

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First, you’ll need to briefly explain who you are, the essays sally background of your management team, and + bubonic, your reasoning behind starting a business in your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is research, cheap – do you have the data and analysis to back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the research + bubonic web. We suggest the following basic template – feel free to the truman essay questions, add or subtract sections according to + bubonic plague, your own needs: Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional)

Describe the purpose of the plan (e.g.; to english teaching essays, raise a specific amount of debt financing to expand a store location) as well an senior papers + bubonic, overview of the scientific company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and research, founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to the point. Summarize the members of the management team, including highlights of their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section.

Products and to a scientific research, Services. Describe the products and services you are providing and who the competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into senior plague more detail in the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in candy cigarette mann, the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the major points in the Marketing and Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here. + Bubonic Plague. This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the introduction scientific paper logic behind the projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Financing Requirements (Optional)

Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the funds, and when you expect to senior + bubonic, reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan. Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on scientific, in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary. How to Write the + bubonic Company and Financing Chapter. The company and to a research, finance section of your plan is important, because introducing the research + bubonic plague management team is cigarette sally mann, critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the senior + bubonic future likelihood of essay questions, success. Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional)

There are many variations and approaches on how to lay out the senior research various components of aspects of tourism, a business plan. Our approach for the company overview section is to papers plague, provide the reader with the company’s legal information, address and a brief description of the english teaching company’s history. Since there are follow up sections in senior + bubonic plague, this chapter that over go the company’s location and department of defense essay, history in more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by a credible Attorney. The primer below is senior plague, meant only to explain the olin mba essays broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to research + bubonic plague, the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an unincorporated business by him or herself.” While the most simple to set up and the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations. So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in it, and you lose in court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business.

Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to share in the profits and losses of the essays company.” A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and senior plague, not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for the company’s debts and liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to invest in the venture but limit their exposure to liability. A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by shareholders.

A corporation is commonplace for olin 2012, businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. + Bubonic Plague. The downside to a corporation is the essays problem of “double taxation” since the corporation’s profits is taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at senior + bubonic plague the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to to a research, have your corporation not be taxed at senior + bubonic the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity). Positive Aspects. Some of the drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the papers + bubonic type of company you plan to open, along with the registered name you plan to use. Explain your rationale – for teaching essays, example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable.

For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is especially critical. With the research papers + bubonic lack of essays candy cigarette, history, there is little investors can go by to gauge the future success of papers + bubonic, a venture. The question lenders and english teaching, investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the research + bubonic company. Tip: Don’t include details about members of the Management Team that are not relevant to introduction to a scientific research paper, the reader.

Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on senior research papers, the company’s vision. If you have an established business the photo information you want to present is the same. Keep in senior research papers plague, mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to manage growth of the company. As a company grows from start-up to established business, the management team must also change. They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the business’s ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is elected by the shareholders and is the highest authority in the management of the company.

For our purposes (context of a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and sally, industry experience. A Board of Director’s typical responsibility is to senior research + bubonic, set broad policies for olin mba essays, the company, determine compensation for senior + bubonic plague, company management, and approve annual budgets. An advisory board is a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to english, play a role in your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the member is senior papers + bubonic plague, committed to your company. Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and the truman show essay, well-known individual as the research papers + bubonic plague first member of your Advisory Board.

This will help you to recruit other members of the of defense Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need. As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board. Papers Plague. Feel free to shake up the line up over time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount.

Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is introduction to a, highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in papers + bubonic, particular, complete the financial planning process. Only then will you be able to identify the english teaching amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and senior research + bubonic, debt. The primary difference between equity and debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is teaching essays, backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is already in papers, existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of money from an investor . Positive. Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to senior papers plague, how much they value your company. There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and essays candy cigarette mann, when? What do you think your company is worth?

If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability. Plague. The money you are seeking to introduction paper, raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the financing to senior research papers + bubonic, get your product to english essays, the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). Research Papers Plague. But the the truman show essay questions general concept is the papers + bubonic plague same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and olin 2012, why and when?

The financial statements provide the answer to the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to determine the senior research papers + bubonic cumulative cash flow. Essays Cigarette Sally Mann. The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in senior, time. What do you think your company is worth? The third question is much harder to answer, especially for photo, a new company.

At the senior research papers end of the day it really comes down to olin 2012, what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is more art than science). + Bubonic. However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing the market value of its assets. In other words, in this approach the olin company is worth the sum of all its assets if they were to senior research papers + bubonic plague, be liquidated . This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the the truman show questions asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for many companies the value of its branding and papers + bubonic plague, reputation, along with its ability to generate profits, will exceed the value of its assets.

The market approach seeks to olin 2012, determine a company’s value by analyzing recent sales of papers plague, similar assets, with the theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is a common approach in the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to positive aspects, determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over time and senior research + bubonic plague, then placing a value on that future stream of income in today’s terms . Department Of Defense. Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of research, income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to account for risk. Now you have all the pieces to complete the of defense essay equation. You have the amount of money you need by looking at cumulative cash flow.

You also have an idea of papers + bubonic plague, how much money your company will be worth. Equation to determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for positive of tourism essay, cash. Instead, you should focus on the loan’s interest rate and payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to ensure there is no delinquency on papers + bubonic plague, servicing the the truman questions loan. For equity financing, answer the following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to papers + bubonic, turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the loan The amount and frequency of loan payments.

In addition to olin mba essays, the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the funds. The level of senior + bubonic, detail should be at olin mba essays a high level ; if the papers + bubonic investor or lender wants to aspects essay, see expenses in more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the Profit/Loss statement. Construction of research, new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of credit may be a good choice. With a line of credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on the money as it is show essay questions, borrowed. It works very similarly to a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the major exception that since you may be able to senior research + bubonic, secure the line of credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms. In the Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and how thinking about your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model. It’s recommended you review the Quick Start guide and essays candy cigarette mann, practice that exercise. Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including:

Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by research + bubonic, investing into essay questions your company. Therefore, you need to senior papers plague, include detailed information on how you intend to sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to take a big risk, they demand a big return. English. You need to demonstrate your business has the potential to research papers, either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market.

Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem. If your exit strategy is to positive, sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is research papers, playing catch-up to Google Maps. If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an attractive acquisition target. The mission statement reflects the core purpose and english teaching, vision of the company. It’s a statement your employees and customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement:

Keep it short. 1-2 sentences max. Don’t use “fluff” words. Senior Research Papers. Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the aspects essay culture/vision/purpose. Examples of senior papers + bubonic, Fortune 500 firms that really get it right:

A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and department photo essay, deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases.” Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and deliver” demonstrate the company’s capability to in delivering an end-to-end solution. Research. By using the words “innovate” and “prevail over serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for scientific research, their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace. It is a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on making itself easier for papers plague, the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements. A. The Truman Questions. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to senior + bubonic plague, maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates and at all times observing the highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners.

Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to local and federal laws)? Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the department of defense nature of our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the company’s mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the point of papers, having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to highlight relevant history on how the company came to existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to olin 2012, include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in mind that there is no set rule as to the level of detail you want to include. Senior Research Papers + Bubonic. This is dictated by the relevancy of the information to positive, the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to build credibility for your company. Every company is made of milestones.

Milestones for senior papers plague, a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on the right track. Aspects Essay. They are best when quantifiable and research, measureable. For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to olin mba essays 2012, execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of papers, your plan. Information you may want to include:

Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is department photo, important for a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to papers + bubonic plague, choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and if there are any laws that protect the lessee from candy cigarette sally unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about what to senior papers plague, look for introduction to a research, in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities. Senior Research Papers. For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and water. Describe how the introduction research facility provides the business with these resources. If the facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of that. Location can be an research plague, important aspect of your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing.

For example, you might want to open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an employee recruitment and fundraising perspective. If you operate out of a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter. The products and mba essays 2012, services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and butter of your business.

Your products and services section should include the following sections. Products and Services Chapter Sections. Products and Services Competitors Sourcing and Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and Services (optional) Your products and services are the senior + bubonic plague lifeblood of your business – it’s what your customers need, and candy cigarette sally mann, if you get this right, everything else will follow . Commonly referred to as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the secret sauce working. It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in terms of benefits vs. features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only buying a device to tell time, but the prestige and senior research + bubonic plague, status that comes with a luxury product.

Think about what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on what you are going to sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services. You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an of defense essay, existing customer. Senior Research Papers. One of the reasons this is true is the potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to existing customers . Think about how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. This is department of defense, a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is research plague, expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per english teaching essays, customer. You will complete the price you want to senior research plague, set your products/services in the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for you to describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to to a, start thinking about senior research papers + bubonic plague how you want to price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over time.

It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on essays candy sally, how to perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in days past. Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to worry about senior current competitors you can see, but you have to the truman show essay questions, be vigilant and senior research, be on scientific research, the lookout for new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to senior research + bubonic plague, your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step. You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to introduction scientific research, start competing) There is research papers plague, future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of positive aspects essay, this is common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for long.

Sourcing is senior plague, simply the process of procuring goods and services from the truman essay questions suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service. Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one – the lower the price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on hand. Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to your ability to operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the process of research papers + bubonic, how your company delivers its products/services, from point of sale to department essay, delivery. Research Papers Plague. There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to order: the mba essays product is designed and research + bubonic, built to positive aspects essay, customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to order: the product’s design is standardized but manufacture of final product is papers + bubonic plague, based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to order: the product is assembled to the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the introduction to a research product is manufactured in quantity based on expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and expect to research + bubonic plague, hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to introduction to a scientific, how you forecast the amount of inventory you need to meet your projected sales.

Too little inventory and you may not be able to meet demand. Too much inventory and you tie up all of your cash on excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for seasonality. Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software. Senior Research Papers + Bubonic Plague. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in today’s business environment is becoming more and more important and serves as a source of competitive advantage. The Truman Essay. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and senior + bubonic plague, shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services.

Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices. Show Essay. FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to ship to research papers + bubonic plague, practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in show essay, your business and if it is critical to your business operations. If technology is senior plague, critical to your business operations, then you must think about olin 2012 your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Depending on your business, you may want to create back-up copies of data and software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to the technology?

Think about alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the senior papers plague road decide that the cost is too high, is there a competitor who can license you an positive essay, alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in detail. There are two types of senior plague, intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and movies). If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is advisable that you seek the professional advice of scientific research, a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to provide a barrier to research papers plague, entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to protect your invention.

You should apply for a trademark for your company name and logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and department of defense photo essay, plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and senior research, sculptures, and architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and mba essays 2012, trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Senior Papers + Bubonic Plague. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of candy mann, view, but many times is not practical in practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and research papers plague, your employees and contractors. It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in candy cigarette, relation to senior papers, your employees and contractors.

Everyone should be required to the truman show questions, sign an invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for employees to use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to whom owns a piece of papers plague, intellectual property, there is olin mba essays 2012, a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is a good idea to describe the senior plague product roadmap and strategy behind it . A key concept is positive aspects, that of product lifecycle, which describes the plague stages of the life of a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out. To A Research Paper. You may discount the senior research plague price of the product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in positive aspects of tourism essay, the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations).

During this phase, you are enjoying the papers fruits of your labor. You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for your product starts to dissipate as sales of your product are in department of defense essay, steady decline. After including all of this information, you’ll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the research + bubonic Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of customers are trending in terms of the truman show essay questions, growth and senior research plague, behavior. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to your industry. Customers and english teaching, Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the market overview section you are going to calculate the total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and then the segment of that market your business can capture.

Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels. At the highest level is an estimate of the research papers + bubonic plague total market given 100% saturation. Another way of looking at introduction research paper this is senior research, what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. This, of course, is of defense essay, much harder to senior plague, predict with accuracy. Introduction. So the important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami. To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the average annual sales for each restaurant.

Then multiply the two to get the total sales for research papers + bubonic plague, all high-end restaurants. This would be your total addressable market. Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the olin 2012 market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an research papers plague, equal share of the market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in department, the market. Research. Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and english teaching, painful problem for the customer.

And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and enough so that customers are willing to switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is solving. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into papers detail on how your product serves each customer segment. Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. We do not want to go through the time and cost of switching from one company’s product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is dependent on the switching cost.

For example, there is virtually no cost to switch from Coke to Pepsi. On the other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is candy sally mann, able to overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to reach new customers and papers plague, bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for various aspects of your business. A growing or shrinking market is described in more detail in teaching essays, the market growth section. Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses. For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on + bubonic, non-essential purchases.

Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on upcoming changes. For example, the Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to participate in private placement of securities. Olin. This in turn has created a new market for senior research + bubonic plague, crowd-funding websites to candy cigarette sally mann, emerge to connect startups with all types of research papers, investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an english teaching essays, impact on research papers + bubonic, the bottom line. For example, if you count the Dept. of Defense as one of olin, your clients, then the across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on + bubonic plague, top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position. Knowing technology trends is valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology.

Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and olin mba essays 2012, changing consumer tastes. Keeping an + bubonic, eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the change in english teaching essays, market size from one time period to the next (usually in years). So if the market in the first year was $100 million and senior papers + bubonic plague, $150 million the second year, then the market can be said to have grown by 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth. Department Of Defense Photo. Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to find much of this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is senior research + bubonic, obviously important – for example, the market for Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market. Most investors and lenders will not want to see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the market for Apple and of tourism, Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to grow as those companies continue to add new customers. Your industry is defined as the group of companies that are related to papers + bubonic, you in terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue. For example, Ford and teaching, Nissan are both in the automotive industry.

Ford and Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to senior + bubonic plague, describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Understanding your industry’s dynamics is imperative to knowing it’s profit potential and attractiveness. A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is positive aspects, Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and senior papers + bubonic plague, how your company fits within the competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to olin mba essays 2012, entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for new entrants to enter the market and compete. If your industry is supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from senior + bubonic those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on the truman show essay questions, your margins.

If your industry only senior + bubonic has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to scientific paper, choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If there are many substitute products in your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to senior plague, many different sets of customers, you want to teaching, focus on a select group that will be the + bubonic most likely to purchase your product/service and account for the lion’s share of your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from a small percentage of olin mba essays 2012, your customers. For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of + bubonic, coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in a business where volumes are low and essays candy cigarette mann, prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually. Senior + Bubonic. In this case, you should describe in detail your relationship with each of show, them separately.

If you’ve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Doing market research and customer analysis is papers, a complicated and time consuming task. Of Defense Photo Essay. Time to move on to the next chapter! Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter. The marketing and sales chapter gives you an opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in order to close sales.

Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to senior papers + bubonic, include: Positioning: Are you going to be the lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the english subsequent sections as the overview section summarizes key findings from the other section.

Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the competitive landscape. Senior Papers + Bubonic. Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to essays cigarette, reach the luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace. There are three primary ways to senior, achieve this: Economies of Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in essays, a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. The more you are able to produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the research + bubonic plague business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and essays candy cigarette mann, cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is a compelling strategy, especially if:

Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing – for research plague, example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the strength of their branding and paper, not through the taste of their coffee. Determining the optimal price for your products/services will require you to + bubonic, think through several factors: If you are going shooting for english essays, the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for senior research, quality.

How price sensitive are your customers? If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on scientific research paper, price, then you will want to be sensitive to this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to senior research papers, paying and will likely be willing to pay for essays candy cigarette, your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95.

In this section, you move from describing your marketing plan onto senior research + bubonic how you will convey your marketing message to your intended audience. What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers? Depending on essay, your business, traditional media may be an senior + bubonic, important component of your complete marketing toolbox. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget. A website is a key component of positive aspects of tourism essay, your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include:

Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of papers + bubonic plague, mouth marketing is by far the most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business. New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and more likely to continue referring your company. There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the advent of social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to department, like your business on Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of research plague, their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into your word of mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for every business.

Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. You can start by participating on public forums and blogs related to your business and adapting the adage “give more to get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to 2012, your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in research + bubonic, turn sell to retailers, who in turn sell to consumers. Three common models: Product is stocked in of defense, mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc.

Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to senior research papers plague, reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to essays cigarette sally mann, reach and sell to customers.

Writing the Strategy and Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an senior, opportunity to define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals. It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the company’s first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to essays candy mann, measure the success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). A new company has an + bubonic, extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the company’s risk decreases.

It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed. Investors and lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only the truman essay turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your company’s strengths and weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to your business and the threats it faces. Strengths and Weaknesses refer to internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and senior research, Threats refer to of defense, external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors.

Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors? This is a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in papers, order to achieve economies of scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is of tourism essay, a powerful business strategy.

Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for research + bubonic, better customer service . Nordstrom’s is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in business. Olin Mba Essays 2012. There are a wide variety of alliances you might encounter, with various parties in + bubonic plague, which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for a partnership in the future and that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of essays, influence and senior + bubonic plague, power of your business. Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and english teaching, provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from several key customers. Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow.

It is not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for example, to set standards for the industry or to help further adoption of a technology. For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to increase the adoption of Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of your entire plan. It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the size of the market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services.

These sections are the red meat of your plan — these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the senior papers plague price in which you will sell your products and aspects of tourism, services, the cost it will take to research + bubonic, produce or sell the product/service, and the number of units you will sell. Positive Essay. Be conservative when making your estimates on + bubonic plague, the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast. It is highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the foundation for department of defense essay, defining the sales forecast.

Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at senior + bubonic what price point; also seeks to define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of cigarette, your target market and what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Marketing plan. For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the start of your business, you should forecast an increase in sales thereafter. This is the senior research price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for cigarette sally mann, several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the + bubonic direct cost of producing your product/service (at the unit level).

Otherwise known as cost of mba essays, goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of senior research + bubonic plague, sales on aspects essay, a sliding scale. Costs vary each month: The cost of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Economy of senior research papers plague, scale: the more units you produce, the cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of essays cigarette mann, raw materials may fluctuate based on research plague, time of year. This is the expected number of units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over introduction research paper time. Units sold changes over research time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over department of defense photo essay time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by products/services sold. In the United States, there is senior, no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services. Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the sales tax from your customers and then remit the tax to english teaching essays, the state each year.

If the individual assumptions used for each component of the sales forecast is accurate, so will the + bubonic plague overall sales forecast. You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of of defense, hiring personnel are often the research plague largest expense of positive aspects of tourism essay, any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to hire. The number of papers plague, personnel you plan to hire and at what time is more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and essays sally, you’ll burn through your working capital. Too few staff and you’ll run the risk of alienating your customers and partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to research + bubonic, think about your personnel plan is to think about the positive of tourism milestones you want your business to accomplish and senior research plague, what personnel are required to get your business there.

You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in olin mba essays 2012, your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and scale quickly in order to generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and senior plague, maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations.

Changes over time: You might want to introduction to a scientific research, define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an research plague, annual bonus component, for example. Employee: If choosing employee you will have to 2012, consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the United States, for example, you are legally required to research papers, provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. Olin Mba Essays 2012. This is referred to + bubonic plague, the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only affects employees and not contractors. If unsure what to enter, 15% is a fair estimate.

Explain the assumptions and methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate. Teaching Essays. For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to senior research plague, coincide with the olin release of a new product. Enter expenses you plan on research plague, incurring for your business. A good way to make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of introduction to a research, your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. Categorize expense into groups, such legal and administrative, rent and leases, and papers plague, telecommunications.

Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in of tourism, the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and intangible assets. Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over research papers + bubonic its useful lifetime.

This is an accounting method that allows the business to allocate the english costs of the asset over its life by gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and senior research plague, fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in english teaching, nature. Intangible assets are amortized over research papers + bubonic its useful life. These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to english essays, turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront.

Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the research papers + bubonic plague PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on the month it which it was made. This type of expense is better described as a prepaid expense, since the teaching essays use of the office is senior research + bubonic, spread out over a 12-month period of time and positive, can be considered an asset on senior papers + bubonic, the Balance Sheet that is expensed over english time. By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an amortized short term asset) then the PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at research + bubonic plague $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on month in which it was made. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the amount of Prepaid Lease that is remaining at english essays the end of the plague accounting period. Enter an estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of to a research paper, federal, state and research papers plague, local income tax. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in the Personnel Section as the essay questions Burden Rate). As this is senior, only an estimate, 100% accuracy is not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%). Dividends and distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the company’s profit.

Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the truman essay questions the discretion of the owners. You may want to set this to senior research papers, zero initially and see how the financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of 2012, retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the research papers plague monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the business up and positive aspects of tourism essay, running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for senior research, your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs.

For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of cigarette sally, these expenses and include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the plague money from the purchaser. Most companies operate by allowing some portion of their sales to be on credit. These types of sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the hassle of english teaching, physically making payments as each transaction occurs. You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to increase your cash flow.

Defining what percentage of your sales will be on research, credit. You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for some businesses it is preferential to provide some credit to introduction to a paper, your best customers. Defining how long it will take to senior research papers + bubonic plague, collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back. The faster, the better your cash flow will look like.

It is typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks. It is to your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. When looking at accounts receivable (what is owed to you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to remember is that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on mba essays 2012, hand is king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on + bubonic, credit. You want this percentage to show essay questions, be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow.

However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on average, to collect incoming payments? Select the typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and when the payment arrives. Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow.

If your business will sell physical products and you plan on keeping inventory on research plague, hand, then you need to cigarette, define how many months of inventory you wish to keep on hand. The more months of inventory you hold on hand, the more cash is tied up in inventory. This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from + bubonic industry to industry, and business to aspects essay, business.

A good place to find more information is trade associations for your industry. In order to research + bubonic, improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to start by english essays, collecting good records on your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to any business.

The time period for research + bubonic, credit sales and mba essays, payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry. Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on research + bubonic, the time period in which you will make and olin, receive payments. How did you come to these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out senior papers + bubonic a loan, you borrow an teaching essays, amount of money (principal) from a lender, and are obligated to pay back at senior research papers + bubonic plague a later time (usually in installments). You will typically pay interest on department of defense, the loan. If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to finance growth is commonplace. These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and installment loans. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors.

Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrower’s assets. Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for papers, obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section.

A line of credit is similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is essays, not charged on the part of the line of credit that is unused, and the borrower can draw on senior papers plague, the line of credit at any time that he or she needs to. If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the line of credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of english teaching essays, cash into research plague the business from candy cigarette sally you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in senior research, exchange for equity (ownership).

In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the money you make from sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out department of defense essay a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of senior plague, borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only.

The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to take into olin mba essays 2012 account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of research papers, your plan. Enter starting balances for introduction paper, assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an senior research plague, existing business, you can enter past financial data here. This is optional and will be used to calculate historical financial ratios in department essay, the Financial Statements section.

For each year of your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from senior research + bubonic plague operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is healthy. For example, a restaurant might use the department of defense photo essay number of tables it can turn per night and the average revenue per dinner. Think about what levers make the most impact to your business. You will want to continuously track and monitor these metrics to research + bubonic plague, ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and teaching, profit. It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into the company’s projected “bottom line”. The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the senior research papers information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections.

If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections. The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of your company’s financial position at a given point in time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. Olin Mba Essays. It is senior + bubonic plague, called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from department of defense photo essay stockholders plus money that your business earned that is research, put back into running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display. If you wish to change the mba essays balance sheet, you can do so by going back to the builder in the Financial Plan section. If you are an existing business, you have the option of adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section.

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Crafted by licensed attorneys Updated regularly Applicable to all 50 states. Create your free. Business Plan Template document in only 5-10 minutes! Copyright 2017 Legal Templates LLC. Essays Cigarette Sally Mann. Legal Templates LLC is not a lawyer, or a law firm and does not engage in the practice of senior research plague, law. Legal Templates cannot and does not provide legal advice or legal representation. All information, software and services provided on the site are for informational purposes and self-help only and are not intended to be a substitute for sally mann, a lawyer or professional legal advice. Use of senior research papers + bubonic plague, this site is subject to our Terms of Use. Preview Document - Business Plan Template.

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Custom The History of Carnival essay paper writing service. The history of Carnivore can be can be traced hundred and senior + bubonic hundreds of years ago when the Catholic faithful in Italy begun to essays candy mann hold a wild kind of celebration just a few days before the plague, first day of of defense photo, Lent. This was majorly because the senior papers, Lent period of positive aspects essay, forty days was marked by fasting and great torturing experiences. The word “carnevale” which represented the festival had its origin from the fact that the Catholics were not allowed to eat meat during Lent. It meant “to put away the meat.” With time, the senior plague, celebration got fame and its knowledge and the practice went beyond the borders of Italy. Nations like France, Spain, and all the Catholic countries in olin Europe started to observe the festival. These nations then began to spreading this practice to the rest of the world in what was seen to be a competition leading to what is witnessed today, carnival everywhere.

With special attention to plague Brazil, this write up seeks to explain the origin and the reasons behind the development of the olin, Carnival Festival. Key words: Carnival, Carnival festival, religion. The History of Carnival. There has controversy over senior papers plague when exactly the Carnival festival began. Honychurch (20011) refutes the position that the carnival might have emerged in Dominica after 1838. According to its findings, the origin of festival the festival can be traced back hundreds of years of the Afro-European cultural background. Flecha et al (2010) noted that this is the time of the primitive European tribes who lived long before the rise of the Roman Empire. Honychurch (2011) notes that Carlival of this earlier time was linked to the pagan feasts done during the beginning of the aspects essay, spring season.

It was celebrated to mark the end of winter which is characterized by lack of enough food and to commemorate the commencement of the months of spring and summer which are normally fruitful. According to Honychurch (2011), report this is what the Romans later developed further and incorporated as one of the imperial cults. It was incorporated into the Christian calendar which was publicized in 304 BC. It is what later developed into what is research papers + bubonic plague, known as the cigarette, Lupercalia festival which is usually celebrated on senior papers + bubonic plague, the fifteenth of February every year. Honychurch (2011) records that approximately four hundred years from this time, there emerged a group of english essays, Christians who began persuading people into Christianity. Their work was mostly concentrated in Asia Minor and papers plague along the Mediterranean Coast.

Their work led to conversion of department photo essay, a section of the population and hence the practice of research papers, different beliefs and customs in these areas. However, the Christians underwent several forms of persecutions by the successive Roman emperors. This only stopped when Constantine allowed freedom of worship making Christianity a recognized religion by the Roman Empire. Honychurch (2011) notes that because of the different believes and questions customs, it was not possible for the Christians to + bubonic agree on which practices to embrace. Borland (2011) observes that a majority of the Christians still held to various folk beliefs which they had been practicing before their conversion into Christianity. According to Honychurch (2011), carnival was equally a result of the observance of Christian calendar. It notes that Carnival has its roots from a Roman Luperclia feast which was the church’s way of observing Lent. Honychurch (2011) also notes that the word Lent originated from a phrase in Latin “carnem levare” that means “to put away meat”. In Italian language, the word “carnevale” is commonly known as the Shrove Tuesday and its interpretation also connotes the fulfillment of the sexual desires of the flesh and not just of the eating of meet. Rosenberg (2011) notes that such immoral forms of mba essays, celebration were also part of the festival of Bacchus which was the Greek’s way of honoring Dionysus, the god of wine.

It was a celebrated by senior research plague the Romans. The celebration involved the slaves exchanging their clothes with their masters, an exercise that normally took place as people were involved in olin mba essays 2012 excessive drinking. Senior Research Papers + Bubonic! According to Rosenberg (2011), it was this ceremony that the Roman Catholic later modified into a festival commemorating the Ash Wednesday. However, the celebration further evolved into a bigger celebration characterized by music, food, alcohol, and sex. This was majorly done before Lent which was a forty days fasting and was to come just before Easter. Aspects Of Tourism! Even though this was not the intention of the church, the celebration was marked by a week of every kind of sinful act. Honychurch (2011) report notes that it was the strict observance of Lent that led to such forms of behavior. According to its publication, the Christians had to senior research papers plague go through sacrifices, denials and self torture that were perceived as the demands of salvation. More demanding was the processions in chains while having to move on one’s bended knees throughout the forty days. Honychurch notes that this was certainly the reason why the practitioners broke themselves loose into immoral celebrations shortly before the 2012, Ash Wednesday. It is noted that the religion especially the Catholic faithful have been so instrumental in the spread of the various aspects of the carnival.

Honychurch (2011) notes that Europeans Catholic’s practice of acquiring colonies and taking with them the slaves led to a further spread of the festival. Honychurch records that carnival is now famous in papers + bubonic plague Mardi Gras in Louisiana. In addition, their writing indicates that the celebrations are now common in several other parts of the department photo, world especially in senior research + bubonic plague the Caribbean countries which are currently immersed into the practice. Brazil Carnival History. According to the Samba City Info (2011), Brazil Carnival history in Rio de Janeiro does not just have its roots in the festival of Lent. It noted that any discussion on the history of the festival should take into account the influence of the positive aspects of tourism, Africans. Gerald (2011) recorded that the Portugal colonizers of Brazil carried with them their slaves into the country. This was the period between 17 th , 18, and the early 19 th century when the slave trade had not yet been illegalized in Brazil. It is senior research + bubonic, noted that by mba essays the early parts of the 19 th Century the Caribbean and South Africa had received more than 6,000,000 slaves. Research Papers + Bubonic! The slaves had a significant impact the introduction to a scientific research, way in which the Brazil Carnival was organized and the kind of events and instruments that were used in the festival (Gerald, 2011).

Samba City Info (2011) noted that the origin of Brazil's carnival can be traced from a Portuguese entrudo festival which was the first form of Carnival to plague reach Brazil. This was an event characterized with chaos. It involved people throwing one another with various substances such mud and water and a thin wax spheres filled with perfume. The festival was commonly done along the streets of essay, Brazil making it easily graduates into senior + bubonic, riots. An example was in the year 1853 when the police had to step in. This celebration was like what is today called Andean carnival celebrated by the Venezuelans. Samba City Info (2011) noted that the masquerade carnival ball by Rio was conducted in the year 1840. This was then followed ten years later by the Carnival street parades. This showed a level of advancement as it utilized the positive aspects of tourism essay, horse drawn floats and military bands. According to senior papers + bubonic Samba City Info (2011), the Carnival got a big boost when it was joined by Samba in 1917. Samba then began mixing different styles like the Angolan semba, European polka, and African boutiques.

It also included various touches of Cuban habanera. Samba City Info (2011) notes that the today’s samba has its origin from the arrival of black the Brazilians who had come from Bahia to the Rio slums. These were majorly the slaves who had been left free following the criminalization of teaching essays, slave trade which marked the senior research papers, end of slavery in the country. According to Samba City Info (2011), the aspects of tourism essay, commonly known as Brazil Rio Carnival history began in 1860. It was majorly attended by the people of high social class who could afford expensive and private venues. They normally dressed themselves in masks and expensive costumes. The low class individuals who were unable to purchase the balls had an option of using the masks. They were then allowed to have their own celebrations besides their masters’ venues. Samba City Info (2011) noted that the senior + bubonic plague, Carnival was later moved to Central Rio where it caused congestion in traffics. Essays Sally! However, the senior research + bubonic plague, problem resulted into the construction of the Sambodrome in 1954 which was an improvement since it provided pleasure for both the local people and the tourists. Currently, Carnival is organized by the samba schools whose first appearance was in the year 1928.

These schools are organized like the local associations which make them fit in serving the interests of the communities in which they operate. By the year 1961 carnival experienced a great revolution following the mounting of the new sound systems by the samba school. The samba school proceeded with its operation attracting more people because of 2012, its improved sound and rhythms. According to the Samba City info (2011) this became one of the most defining age for senior papers, the samba schools. Today, the schools have advanced to a point at which they are involved in the provision of the basic resources like education and healthcare to aspects the community. Senior Research! This has been very instrumental in popularizing the schools since they serve a society characterized by high level of poverty. The Impact of African Religions on the Development of the Carnival. Allah we Organization (2011) noted that to date there are various African traditions which have been largely utilized to add value to the Caribbean festival arts.

He identified a number of such traditions. First were the ancient African traditions of to a scientific research, parading and moving in circles through villages in costumes and research + bubonic masks as those which have been of olin mba essays, great influence. Research! According to aspects of tourism Allah we Organization (2011), many people believed that circling villages could come with good lacks, solutions to various problems affecting people while also preventing the spirits of those who had died from senior haunting the living. Allah we Organization (2011) also observes that Carnival traditions have also borrowed greatly from the African tradition of putting together natural objects to help in creating sculptures, masks, and costumes. The objects include bones, grasses, beads, shells, fabric. Each of this objects was understood by the Africans as representing a given idea or spiritual force. Another aspect of the African religion greatly utilized in the carnival festival is the essays cigarette sally, use of feathers. The Africans had been using the feathers from the ancient time. They used to put them on their masks and headdresses to symbolize their ability to overcome various problems and challenges of life. These include: any form of pains, heartbreaks, and all kinds of illness.

Apart from it significance in protecting the people the Africans also used the senior plague, feathers as s symbol of department photo essay, spiritual growth. Allah we Organization (2011) observes that the use of masks in Carnival has persisted to date where it helps in creating carnival costumes. Other aspects of the senior research papers + bubonic, African Religion that is used to english teaching date in Carnival festivals are the African dance and research music. The two traditions enormously contributed to department essay the transformation of the early carnival celebrations. The Samba City Info (2011) notes that the most frequently used aspects of African music in senior + bubonic plague the festival are the rhythms of the African drum and the large puppets.

The festivals are also increasingly attended by stick fighters, and the stilt dancers as is with the African celebrations. According to the Samba City Info (2011), the Africans also had a great contribution in the making of the street carnival history. Samba city notes that while Carnival expresses an abstract kind of street theatre, the Africans on the other hand used costumes in their bands in their styles. It is further noted that the practice by the Carlival of going to the streets may have also come from the aspect of the Africans. Studies have shown that in the ancient times the the truman show essay questions, Africans preferred to senior papers + bubonic carry out their activities outdoor rather than indoor. Equally, the Africans have still embraced various practices that are related to the carnival festival.

A clear example is the Egungun festival which involves the honoring of the ancestors by their extended family members. During this festival, it is insisted that all people from a the same extended family put on clothes of the same colors. This is a sign of a band, which is as well the positive aspects essay, basic aspect of the history of the senior papers plague, Brazil Carnival. This is also the same case with the Rio de Janeiro festival. It is also observed that in certain circumstances, both the carnivals and photo the African religious practices grew together.

As discussed above, the carnivals festivals majorly began to be felt in the 1930 when it actually reached what could be seen as its peak. This was made possible by the emergence and contributions of the samba schools especially in the Rio de Janeiro. The inclusion of the African traditions in research + bubonic the Carnival festivals was further increased when the heavy African drums were extensively utilized. With the growth of both the African and the European aspects of the carnival, people experienced more festivities along the streets. The Importance of the Festival. Allah we Organization (2011) observes that in today’s world, Carnivore plays a great role in uniting people of different races, nationalities and tribes. The organization sees Carnival as a good example of how culture can play a role in reuniting people. They give a case study of the Trinidad's carnival where people of different cultures come together for a period of five days annually. During the scientific paper, five days, the senior papers + bubonic, citizens forsake all differences and come together to celebrate their lives. Such a practice brought a great peace for teaching, a country which had experienced the research papers + bubonic plague, harsh rule by teaching the colonialists, the Spain and senior + bubonic the England (Bandyopadhyay Nascimento, 2010).

Allah we Organization (2011) noted that it is the British rule that allowed the olin 2012, French to settle into the country together with their slaves. The organization explained that due to forced labor and attack by different illnesses, the majority of the native peoples of this country died. Carnival was therefore introduced and senior research papers + bubonic spread with a lot of ease from 1785 as the candy mann, majority of the people had already had encounter of what it entails. Allah we Organization (2011) observes that the country today provides an senior research + bubonic plague, example of citizenry of the immigrants of every origin coexisting in peace. The people originated from Africa, India, and China, African, Asian, and American.

Carnival has since been embraced in Trinidad and has continued to get sponsorship from many individuals and organizations. There is an increased belief that sponsoring a carnival band is a sure way of making the aspects, children understand their roots and culture. In Trinidad’s Kiddies Carnival for senior + bubonic plague, example, the majority of positive aspects essay, schools and organizations operating within the plague, communities have been very collaborative in supporting the organization through participation. This has enabled the essays mann, communities to work together making it possible for the establishment of stronger friendships while also developing respect for one another’s culture. Allah we Organization (2011) also noted that Carnival festival has also provided the Africans with a special opportunity to express their power and research + bubonic the richness in the cultural traditions. The organization noted that the effect of Carnival arts in uniting people has been felt every where around the world. Studies have further revealed that Carnival offers the world with a dynamic tool which enables people to freely express and explore themselves. Carnival has also been helpful in helping people of different cultures trace their roots.

It gives the world a totally different perspective of its cultures while greatly uniting all the people from all the origins by helping them to discovery what they have in common while celebrating their differences. In conclusion, it is clear that the power and creativity that underlines these art forms is department of defense, able to transform lives and promote peace. However, questions will still be asked over who is owed the credit of the origin of the carnival. Though it is held so much by the European countries, it is clear that Carnival is an African expression no matter where it is expressed. Papers + Bubonic! This is a tool that the world must embrace to help promote peace across all lines of diversity.

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