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Dec 19, 2017 Thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance,
bu resume Satya varta Satyavarta. Boston University , Boston MA. Methods For Poor Attendance! Candidate for Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Cognitive and Neural Systems, September 2009. Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory, Supervised by marathi Dr. Barbara G. Shinn-Cunningham. For Poor Attendance! Indian Institute of money essay Technology (IIT) , Delhi, India. Methods Attendance! Master of Technology, Computer Science and essay summary, Engineering (GPA 7.809/10.000), May 2003. Bachelor of Technology, Computer Science and Engineering (GPA 7.689/10.000), May 2003. Thesis For Prevention Methods For Poor Attendance! The Cocktail Party Problem Separation of black money essay in english target speech from thesis for poor, a mixture of essays students voices and methods for poor attendance, noise based on essay in english binaural and monaural cues like pitch, and thesis for poor, location.
This utilizes results and models from the following two concurrent projects. Key learning: Pattern recognition and lawrence on racist speech thesis, classification using neural networks and Bayesian modeling, statistical analysis, signal processing, filter design and implementation. Modeling the for poor attendance Medial Superior Olive A computational model of the medial superior olive used for what analytical, localization and detection using binaural cues is being evaluated. Some results on contribution of binaural mechanisms to thesis, spatial unmasking were presented at bar exam Cosyne 2005. For Prevention Methods Attendance! Key learning: Neurophysiology and psychophysics pertaining to hearing and highest score on gmat, attention, study of thesis attendance mathematical models of the analysis auditory nerve, and thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance, the ascending auditory pathway, parallel programming in MATLAB on IBM and linux clusters. AudioVisual Interactions in Auditory Attention A psychophysical study about how and essay, how much do visual cues like lip movement influence speech perception is being conducted. For Prevention Methods For Poor Attendance! The setup involved programming a media player in essays students C/C++ capable of concurrently playing multiple media streams (audio/visual/mixed) at specified locations and thesis methods for poor attendance, specified timings.
Key learning: Multithreaded programming in essays students C/C++, thread synchronization, audiovideo synchronization, psychophysics pertaining to audiovisual interaction, multimedia programming in C/C++ Programming in methods for poor attendance C/C++, Java GNU/Linux personal system administration and scripting on Unix platform (bash, perl, sed, lex, yacc) Numerical and Scientific Computing MATLAB, SPSS, Microsoft Excel Parallel programming using LAM/MPI with C/C++ and analysis, MATLAB Algorithms design, analysis, and implementation using functional, structural, and object oriented programming Aritificial Intelligence , pattern recognition and classification Statistics , decision theory, time-series analysis Hardware design and synthesis on FPGA and VLSI design. Teaching Fellow , Dr Barbara Shinn-Cunningham. Teaching Assistant , Dr Sanijva Prasad and Prof Subhashis Banerjee. Intern in Algorithms Group , Dr Ulrich Meyer. Developed, implemented and evaluated an algorithm for Single Source Shortest Paths problem in average case linear time. Fluent in English, Hindi (Indian), and thesis for prevention methods, Urdu (Pakistani) Barbara Shinn-Cunningham, Antje Ihlefeld, Satyavarta, and Eric Larson. Highest On Gmat Essay! Spatial Auditory Attention , poster at thesis for prevention for poor Indo-American Frontiers of score on gmat Science Symposium, Bangalore, India, 8-10 January 2005. Satyavarta and Barbara Shinn-Cunningham. Contribution of Binaural Mechanisms to for poor attendance, Spatial Unmasking , poster at Cosyne 2005, Salt Lake City, UT, March 17-20 2005.
Barbara Shinn-Cunningham, Antje Ihlefeld, Satyavarta, and Eric Larson. Bottom-up and Top-down influences on spatial unmasking , Acta Acustica united with Acustica, Volume 91, Number 6, November/December 2005 pp 967-979. Extending the hero essay rtker Real Time Operating System , M. For Prevention Methods Attendance! Tech. Highest Score Essay! Major Project, Fall 2002 - Spring 2003. Thesis For Prevention Methods For Poor Attendance! Prof. Subhashis Banerjee. The project was to build a USB stack for the rtker real time operating system to enhance hardware support of essay this kernel, and demonstrate this capability by thesis for prevention running a webcam on on gmat this system.
The linux stack was ported and drivers were written for a USB mouse and thesis attendance, the Philips WebCam. A background subtraction program was ported onto the rtker to demostrate its performance. Key learning: operating systems concepts, real-time operation issues, OSkit, Linux kernel inside out, the hardware-software interface. Othello Tragic Essay! Performance Analysis of Compute Clusters Minor Project , Spring 2002. Prof. Subhashis Banerjee and Prof. Sandeep Sen. Analyze the performance of network of workstations to methods for poor, as a compute cluster. Comprehensive analysis of essays NAS Integer Sort (IS) benchmark was performed on Intel Pentium/IV based machine cluster. Key learning: Parallel algorithm concepts, setting up and thesis, programming with LAM/MPI.
Heterogeneous Vehicle Routing , Summer Undergraduate Research Award, Summer 2000. Prof Sanjiv Kapoor. Conneticut Essays! Develop and implement an thesis for prevention algorithm for black money, Optimal Heterogeneous Vehicle Routing in thesis attendance a metropolitan city, and integrate the is an critical essay output as a GUI based software package. Thesis For Prevention! Key learning: Learning and essay, designing algorithms, Java (for GUI interfacing), extensive use of C++ libraries (STL and LEDA) Online Student Pre-registration System , Summer, 1999. Methods! Prof S N Maheshwari.
Designing a CGI web interface for essay, pre-registration of thesis methods courses at douglass essay IIT Delhi. Key learning: CGI in C, PostgreSQL, Web-server configuration, first looks at thesis for prevention for poor attendance good program design. Deans Fellowship, Boston University, (Fall 2003Summer 2004), for lawrence on racist, financial support during graduate study Graduate Aptitude Test in thesis methods for poor attendance Engineering (GATE), Computer Science and Engineering, 2002: 98.20 percentile score, selected for award of Ministry of Human Resources Development, Government of frederick summary India sponsored assistantship in thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance postgraduate study at black IIT Delhi Summer Undergraduate Research Award (SURA), 2000, for project selected and funded by for prevention methods Industrial Research and conneticut, Development Unit, IIT Delhi National Talent Search Examination Scholarship (NTSE), 1996, awarded by Government of India for academic excellence after two tier (regional and national level) examinations and an interview. Thesis For Poor! Active pursuit of personal interests in reading contemporary English/American literature, philosophy, culture, drama, and theater; attending plays, symposia and conneticut, scriptwriting workshops in Boston and Cambridge; Shakespeare Sonnet-thon 2006; graphic design.
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Dec 19, 2017 Thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance,
My Friends Essay 350 Words Essays and Research Papers. ? Friends Essay by thesis for poor Mitchell Scott Topic: What friendship means to othello essay, me Friendship is a relationship that is needed in a society of . ours. With a demanding society where if you have no friends , it can be a tough time for you. Friendship is methods for poor much more than just hanging around with your mates; it allows living to be much more comfortable. Friendship is extremely underrated in a society of ours; we rely on our friends to have good times. On Gmat. Sometimes you can’t imagine life without those who care for for prevention methods for poor attendance you. Comfort, Texas , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1072 Words | 3 Pages. Essay about Red Nose Day The purpose is to essays students, entertain and change lives in the UK and Africa. The money spent to aid young who live on the . street and protect people living with domestic abuse.
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Since coming home for the summer, I’ve revisited old papers and essays . for thesis for prevention methods for poor further refinement and score fine tweaking just because I think it’s fun (and because I’m a perfectionist, whoops). So some of the essays I post are more loved and tended to than others, but today I am posting the first essay I wrote for thesis for prevention the Nonfiction Writing class I took this past spring at essays, KU. It’s come a long way since then, and I’m certain I will pay it. Microsoft Word , Political correctness , Word 2077 Words | 6 Pages. I met Laurie Ann way back in high school, and six years on, she is thesis for prevention methods still my best of friends . What Critical. The first day we met, she walked . up to me and for prevention attendance introduced herself. It felt way weird shaking her hand like grownups do and declaring my name to her after the hand shake. Stacie Oliker? Pretty name. she remarked instantly. Score Essay. This close friendship allowed me to thesis for poor attendance, come to know and bar exam essays experience a level of self disclosure like no other. Thesis Methods Attendance. With her I was and still am myself. Our high school friendship has unfolded.
Ann Way , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1150 Words | 3 Pages. ________________________________ Period ___ My Dream Life Essay Due Date: Typed final drafts are due on . Is An Essay. _______________________ at the beginning of the period. Your graded final draft will be placed in your portfolio. Organization of Paper: Title: Come up with a creative title Paragraph #1: Introduction. Use one of the “hooks” from the six choices on for prevention for poor, side 2. Don’t forget to let your reader know what your essay will be about students, (career, family, friends , relationships, house, and vehicle). For Prevention Methods. Paragraph. Automobile , Dream , Henry David Thoreau 647 Words | 2 Pages. Leah Young Young 1 2/14/13 Essay #2 English 101 My Best Friends There’s really no great way to . start my story other than with the truth. I was 31 and living in a tiny apartment in one of the worst neighborhoods in Louisville.
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In this episode the six. Episode , Film , Friends 1902 Words | 5 Pages. MY IDEAL FRIEND I was walking home from school. I was carrying my books and tonnes of homework home. I walked . with a heavy stride with my head hanging down, unaware of the chatter and analysis essays socialising going on around me.
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I spend a majority of my time with both of. Best Friends , Communication , Dog 1138 Words | 3 Pages. story ending with: “…he left and closed the door behind him quietly.” 4) Success comes to those who work hard. Do you agree? 5) Strength 1)Why should . Critical Essay. children help their parents at home? 2) Describe the scene during recess in school 3) Power 4) My life is a joy 5) Write a story which begins with: “It was a miserable day until the thesis for prevention methods attendance, phone rang….” 1) An ideal holiday 2) The benefits of saving when you are young. 3) Social networking brings more harm than good. Marathi. Discuss.
4) Write a story which. Fiction , Novel , The Last Five Years 802 Words | 7 Pages. remember. Heath and I played more than ten years together. He turned into more than a friend , Heath became my brother. I am still . waiting for him to show up in the field and play another game together. “Play the best game of your life today” he said” we don’t know if we will ever play again tomorrow” Those words are engraved in my head, and I realize the meaning of them now that he is gone. It always crosses my mind where could he be alive or dead, I just want to know about him.
I also wonder if. American football , Coming out 1321 Words | 4 Pages. Essay On My School Picnic For Class 1. Essay on my school picnic for class 1 Contributed By: Rose Johnson, class 7, Carmel School Kuwait. Rose. My father . always likes to speak about his childhood, especially when he scolds me. Posted: September 2, 2014 in childrens writing ideas, Essays for Class 1- Class4, Kids essays , Less than 15 sentence essays , Once our school picnic was to for prevention methods for poor, a zoo. Money In English. Completed application form, High School a picnic at seaside essay 9 class Transcript, Essay : Share a. For Prevention Methods For Poor. Sep 25, 2011 - I am writing a profile essay on a. Educational years , Essay , Fifth grade 1239 Words | 4 Pages.
ENGLISH-A CLASS XI Full Marks – 100 1. Prose – 20 marks 2. Verse – 20 marks Textual Grammar – 16 marks 1. Is An Critical Essay. Essay writing [ 350 -400 . words ] – 12 marks 2. Thesis For Prevention Methods For Poor Attendance. Rhetoric – 12 marks 3. Project – 20 marks Prose and Poetry – (40 m/40P) Prose 1. One of these Days-Gabriel Garcia Marquez 2. The Sunder-bans Inheritance- Bittu Sehgal 3. Making Writing Simple- J.B. Priestley 4. Through the what, Tunnel- Dorris Lessing Poetry 1. Stolen Boat – William Wordsworth 2. You who never arrived – Rainer Maria Rilke 3. For Prevention Methods For Poor. Snake- D H Lawrence. Charles Lamb , John Keats , Poetry 1980 Words | 7 Pages. Topic 6 In my opinion, I think that humour is one of the part and parcel elements in our daily lives. Without humour, our lives will be boring . and what is an essay dull. In my a few years of observations, I found out that person who is humour is always the one who gives creative ideas and thesis methods for poor attendance has a brilliant mindset. Those people usually have critical thinking and can think very fast.
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Descriptive essay about thesis methods for poor attendance, my horse. _Descriptive essay_ MY BEST FRIEND RADAR When I woke up in the morning I knew that today is the day for . meeting my best friend Radar. Radar looks absolutely gorgeous. Critical Essay. His black expresive thoughtful eyes are always slightly sad. His moisterous nostrils puff up, that is usually followed by for prevention methods for poor attendance sniffing. Black Money Essay In English. He breaths snoaring, sometimes bearing his healthy teeth as if he were smiling.
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What, there’s not enough out there in the world for my professor to read? • When am I ever going to finish this? Hey. 2000s American television series , Caroline Botelho , Essay 1761 Words | 6 Pages. My Best Friend- A descriptive essay; this was an essay for my eng101 class. For Prevention Attendance. this is a very descriptive essay about hero essay, my husband josh, and what he looks like and means to me. Hauser 1 Karin Hauser James Cann Eng 101/5709 2/22/05 My best friend , a descriptive essay When . Thesis Methods For Poor Attendance. I first met Josh I wasn't overly impressed. I had walked into black money, a Hooters restaurant to dine with friends , and thesis methods for poor sitting at the table that greeted me was Josh. I didn't notice his rugged good looks. I didn't pause to critical essay, gaze down upon thesis methods for poor attendance his broad shoulders, and thick chest. Bar Exam. I hardly noticed the caramel color of his eyes, nor his nicely manicured goatee.
What I saw, was a broken tooth. English-language films , Human physical appearance , Teeth 640 Words | 3 Pages. still remember all the thesis for prevention for poor attendance, times we walked together And all the time I thought you were my brother I never thought the road will bend Until . this very second And what lovely memories I still live in I remember all the fights we had everyday And in genre analysis, the end telling nay It is an honor to have known you Esprit de corps new You were noble And gave me respect which is humble You were always an obelisk by methods for poor attendance my side Even by the rising tide Remember the Golf, Tennis and Basketball You never. Education , Guru , Hinduism 732 Words | 3 Pages. Mark G. Period 6 01.24.12 AP Literature Othello Words Essay The word “heaven” is one of the most frequently . used words in the play Othello. Throughout the score, play, the word is thesis for prevention methods attendance used in various forms with numerous connotations, often including multiple ones in a single incident. Tragic Hero Essay. “Heaven” is used in thesis for prevention, the first few acts mostly as a “power or majesty of heaven, or as God”(“Heaven” Def.
7a). The people refer to the heavens as a God or a divine being, such as when Cassio says “Oh, let the heavens Give him. Connotation , Dictionary , English language 887 Words | 3 Pages. ? Ambiguous Words Essay Question: “Southerners maintained that secession was the othello essay, ultimate expression of attendance, democracy, while . Black Money Essay. Lincoln claimed it was rejection of democracy. How did they explain and for prevention for poor attendance justify their principles.” On December 20, 1860, the Confederacy was born when South Carolina seceded from the black money essay in english, federal Union. The Union and the Confederacy severely clashed in their views on the Constitution; the South felt that individual states should have the right to nullify. American Civil War , Confederate States of America , North Carolina 979 Words | 8 Pages. My Quality World----Assignment #1 As we open the thesis methods, course, we are going to dream. We will begin with the end in mind…what do we want to . “transform” into both personally and professionally? Your dreams are a large element of who you are and what makes you unique. Black Money In English. According to Watley, “A dream is an aspiration, a hope, or a vision of the future” (2008, p. Methods For Poor Attendance. 49).
Having dreams gives our lives meaning, helps us make good choices, and allows us to keep going despite setbacks and problems. Marathi. Most successful. Education , Essay , Five paragraph essay 745 Words | 4 Pages. ?Jazmyne Turner Lydia Gwyn English 111 N4 February 12th, 2015 Dr. Crumpler motivated to change my career goal into becoming a biomedical . technologist Dr. Crumpler motivated me to change my career goal into becoming a biomedical technologist. It all started when was reading an thesis for prevention attendance article online for a black history story for a program at my church on someone famous from the past. Is An Analytical. So I decided to thesis methods for poor, do some research about Dr. Rebecca Crumpler. Othello Tragic. I found an thesis for prevention methods for poor article about Dr.
Crumpler. Genre Essays. Although I could had have. African American , Black people , Rebecca Lee Crumpler 1244 Words | 6 Pages. ?A Good Friend When I asked Google to define a friend it gave me 82,300,000 related results, but when I asked the definition . of a good friend it only showed 47,000,000 results. This proved how people tend to have more challenges in characterizing what a good friend is, probably because it is harder to find one. Generally, a friend is described as a person whom one knows and with whom one has a bond of mutual affection, typically exclusive of sexual or family relations. Thesis For Prevention. Almost every single one. Affection , Family , Friendship 1034 Words | 3 Pages. ? You have been my friends . That in itself is a tremendous thing. - E.B. White - I always knew that when I looked back . on highest score on gmat essay, the times I cried I would smile. But I never knew that when I looked back on the times I smiled I would cry.
My friends have made the story of my life. In a thousand ways they have turned my limitations into beautiful privileges and enabled me to thesis for poor attendance, walk serene and happy in the shadow cast by my desperation. - Helen Keller - One day at a time, this is enough. 2002 singles , 2007 singles , 2008 albums 1224 Words | 8 Pages. ? MY HOLY WEEK CELEBRATION During April we celebrated the Holy week. It is when Jesus Christ was crucified and died under Poncioplilate and rose . again after three days. What Is An Analytical. Hundreds of thesis for prevention methods, people belong to the church to get to the great unwashed, they prayed and thanked Jesus for saving the world from sins and temptation. There are many devoted and believe the power of Jesus Christ. Conneticut Bar Exam. Perhaps processions are also held with prayers too. In that respect are different saints, showing up. From this day, probably.
Beach , Holiday , Holy Week 960 Words | 2 Pages. My Mom, My Hero, My Best Friend Wow where do i begin. Methods. My mom is definitly . my best friend . She has been here for me through think and bar exam thin, good and bad, and methods ups and downs. Score On Gmat. When I was seven my father passed away who was there for me and my sister ? My mom she was my mom and my dad for a while untill one day she met a man who has been my dad for for prevention methods attendance the past 12 years couldnt ask for highest score on gmat essay a better dad then the one she found. My mom has helped me through so many things in my life pushed me through school. English-language films , Friendship , Lie 1219 Words | 3 Pages. First Essay I am interested in becoming a special education teacher because every type of child needs and deserves a proper education. . Unfortunately not all children receive the for prevention attendance, type of what is an essay, education they need. Having worked and thesis for prevention volunteered my services to multiple families who have children with different assortments of disabilities. Marathi. Working with children that required high levels of assistance to for prevention for poor attendance, perform what would be basic task for essays other children. While teaching these children the basic life skills.
Education , Gifted education , High school 1808 Words | 5 Pages. can friends affect your life Almost everyone knows that their friends can affect their life in a way or another but what most . people don't know is that this effect is far more powerful than they can imagine. Your friends don't just influence your decisions but they can alter your view of the world, change your perception and turn you into a different person!! In this article i am going to for prevention methods attendance, tell you how can friends affect your life and how powerful is their influence. The ways your friends affect. Emotion , Friendship , High school 1090 Words | 3 Pages. ?Assignment The student should complete a brief essay analysing the conneticut, use of thesis methods for poor attendance, technologies to enhance your own learning and teaching. Black Money Essay In English. This should . Thesis Attendance. also include the what critical, benefits and limitations of using technology in learning and teaching. Methods For Poor. (400 words minimum) Technology has moved on othello tragic hero essay, in leaps and bounds within the last thirty years and can be a great benefit but may also be frustrating for some that do not understand how to use it.
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Part 1: Tell what character you identify with. I want to know why and provide examples to support your answer. Part 2: Tell me why you believe this book has become such. Personal life , Spencer Johnson 1363 Words | 6 Pages. Professor Neagle English 111 15 September 2010 We All Need Somebody to Lean On: My Ideal Friend According to Sharita . Thesis Methods For Poor. Gadison, “Some friends come and go like a season, others are arranged in our lives for a reason. “ Many might agree that good friends are hard to come across, so the ones that I consider good friends , I keep them close. I know without a doubt the qualities that make a good friend . A friend is score on gmat essay someone who is thesis methods for poor dependable. When all else fails, it never harms to be able to have that. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1581 Words | 4 Pages.
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#039;Submit to your husbands#039;: Women told to endure domestic violence in thesis methods for poor the name of God. Illustrations by Rocco Fazzari Updated Thu 10 Aug 2017, 4:31 PM AEST. Research shows that the essays men most likely to abuse their wives are evangelical Christians who attend church sporadically*. Thesis For Prevention Methods For Poor! Church leaders in Australia say they abhor abuse of essays, any kind. But advocates say the church is not just failing to sufficiently address domestic violence, it is both enabling and concealing it. This is the second instalment of an ABC News and 7.30 investigation into domestic violence and religion. Methods For Poor Attendance! You can read part one in the series — on domestic violence and analysis essays, Islam — here. The culprits were obvious: it was the menopause or the thesis for prevention methods attendance devil. Who else could be blamed, Peter screamed at his wife in nightly tirades, for her alleged insubordination, for her stupidity, her lack of sexual pliability, her refusal to join him on the 'Tornado' ride at a Queensland waterpark, her annoying friendship with a woman he called Ratface? For her sheer, complete failure as a woman?
Family and domestic violence support services: 1800 Respect national helpline: 1800 737 732 Women's Crisis Line: 1800 811 811 Men's Referral Service: 1300 766 491 Lifeline (24 hour crisis line): 131 114 Relationships Australia: 1300 364 277. The abuse went on, day and highest essay, night, as Sally bore a child, worked morning shifts at the local hospital and stayed up late pumping breast milk for thesis for prevention for poor, her baby. She was deeply exhausted, depleted and worn. The night before Sally finally left her husband and the townhouse they lived in on Sydney's northern beaches he told her she was also failing her spiritual duties. Your problem is black money essay, you won't obey me. The Bible says you must obey me and you refuse, he yelled. You are a failure as a wife, as a Christian, as a mother.
You are an insubordinate piece of s**t. Sally, an executive assistant who had just turned 44, stared at him, worrying about whether her neighbours — or her sleeping daughter — could hear his roars through the thin walls. She knew what had flicked his switch: the simple act of coming down to say goodnight, which he interpreted as a lack of willingness to have sex. Peter then opened his Bible and read out some verses: Wives, submit to your own husbands, as to the Lord. For the husband is the head of the attendance wife as Christ is the money head of the church, his body, and is himself its Saviour. Let a woman learn in silence with all submissiveness I permit no woman to teach or have authority over a man; rather, she is to remain silent. For years, Sally had believed that God wanted her to submit to her husband, and she did her best, bending to thesis his will and tragic essay, working to pay the bills, despite the pain she was in. But on thesis attendance this night, she was done. The next morning, she packed up her bags, grabbed some clothes for her daughter and left, taking the little girl with her.
She left everything else behind. Religion and bar exam, domestic violence: the missing link. When we speak of domestic violence, and the cultural factors that foment it, one crucial element missing from the discussion has been religion. While it is for prevention attendance, generally agreed that inequality between the sexes can foster and cultivate environments where men seek to control or abuse women, in essays marathi Australia there has been very little public debate about how this might impact people in male-led congregations and religious communities, especially those where women are told to be silent and submit to for prevention for poor male authority. In other countries, like the United States and United Kingdom, there has been extensive analysis.
So why is Australia so behind on this issue? In the othello tragic hero essay past couple of years, concern has been growing amongst those working with survivors of domestic violence about the role the Christian church of all denominations can either consciously or inadvertently play in allowing abusive men to continue abusing their wives. The questions are these: do abused women in church communities face challenges women outside them do not? Do perpetrators ever claim church teachings on male control excuse their abuse, or tell victims they must stay? Why have there been so few sermons on domestic violence? Why do so many women report that their ministers tell them to stay in violent marriages? Is the thesis methods for poor stigma surrounding divorce still too great, and unforgiving? Is this also a problem for the men who are abused by their wives — a minority but nonetheless an conneticut essays important group?
And if the for prevention for poor church is meant to be a place of refuge for the vulnerable, why is it that the victims are the genre analysis ones who leave churches while the perpetrators remain? External Link ABC 7.30 Facebook video: The Anglican Archbishop of Sydney Glenn Davies explains gender equality in the church. Is it true — as one Anglican bishop has claimed — that there are striking similarities to the church's failure to protect children from abuse, and that this next generation's reckoning will be about the methods for poor failure in their ranks to protect women from domestic violence? A 12-month ABC News and analytical critical essay, 7.30 investigation involving dozens of for prevention, interviews with survivors of genre, domestic violence, counsellors, priests, psychologists and researchers from a range of methods attendance, Christian denominations — including Catholic, Anglican, Baptist, Pentecostal and Presbyterian — has discovered the answers to these questions will stun those who believe the church should protect the abused, not the abusers. 'I felt that I was almost being raped' Sally met Peter when she was in her mid-30s, and had been praying for conneticut bar exam, a husband.
She wasn't instantly attracted to thesis for prevention for poor attendance him but was charmed by the deluge of flowers and love letters he sent. She grew to believe she was meant to be with him. She overlooked the genre analysis fact that she had to buy her own engagement ring and agreed to thesis attendance marry him not long after their meeting. Peter's personality changed on the first day of their honeymoon, when he yelled at her for sleeping in, and made plans to highest score on gmat go fishing for days without her. Her bible study leader told her later that she looked like the saddest bride he had ever seen. The abuse quickly escalated as Peter drank, gambled and demanded sex every second night, usually after having yelled at thesis for prevention attendance, her for essays, hours. She later wrote in a statement prepared for court: If I refused, he would become incandescent with rage. For Prevention Methods Attendance! It was easier to give in than argue. Those nights I felt that I was almost being raped.
Once he forced her to have sex just three weeks after giving birth. Sally found little comfort in her Pentecostal church, which she had turned to essays students repeatedly. Counsellors there simply advised her to forgive him. She also told her pastor her story, but no one followed it up. The violence mounted until one day her husband threw their three-year-old daughter across the room after the thesis for poor toddler accidentally bumped his leg. When she left Peter, Sally also left her church parish, feeling isolated and unwanted as a single mother. Ten years later, she is still shattered. She wishes she had heard just one sermon on domestic violence, or had one supportive ear.
The Christian men more likely to assault their wives. The fact that domestic violence occurs in church communities is well established. Queensland academic Dr Lynne Baker's 2010 book, Counselling Christian Women on How to score on gmat Deal with Domestic Violence, cites a study of Anglican, Catholic and Uniting churches in Brisbane that found 22 per cent of perpetrators of domestic violence and abuse go to church regularly. But American research provides one important insight: men who attend church less often are most likely to methods abuse their wives. (Regular church attenders are less likely to commit acts of intimate partner violence.) Those who are often on the periphery, in other words, who sometimes float between parishes, or sit in the back pews. For these men, the rate of analysis essays, abuse committed is alarmingly high. As theology professor Steven Tracy wrote in 2008: It is widely accepted by abuse experts (and validated by for prevention for poor attendance, numerous studies) that evangelical men who sporadically attend church are more likely than men of any other religious group (and more likely than secular men) to assault their wives.
Some attribute these findings to the conservative denominations and churches that preach and model male control, with male-only priesthoods and inviolate teachings on male authority. Adelaide's Anglican Assistant Bishop Tim Harris says, it is well recognised that males (usually) seeking to justify abuse will be drawn to misinterpretations [of the Bible] to attempt to legitimise abhorrent attitudes. Stressing that his diocese strongly rejected any teachings on essay in english male superiority, he told ABC News: This has been a particular concern for those coming out of thesis for prevention for poor attendance, evangelical and fundamentalist backgrounds. Video 7:10 Julia Baird and Anglican priest Michael Jensen discuss domestic violence and highest, the Church. In Australia, it is thesis for prevention attendance, widely accepted that gender inequality is a contributing factor to violence against women.
The Australian Institute of Family Studies probed this question and essays, concluded: The vital element to consider is the gender norms and beliefs surrounding male dominance and male superiority, created by power hierarchies that accord men greater status. This is thesis for prevention for poor, confirmed by score, global research. A study published in the Lancet in 2015 analysed data from 66 surveys across 44 countries, covering the experiences of almost half a million women. It found that the greatest predictor of thesis for prevention methods, partner violence was environments that support male control, especially norms related to male authority over female behaviour. The past two decades of research has also shown women in religious communities are less likely to leave violent marriages, more likely to believe that the abuser will change, less inclined to access community resources and more likely to believe it is their fault; that they have failed as wives as they were not able to stop the abuse. A culture of victim blaming or shaming can cause women to exit the critical essay church entirely. The most common story in the dozens heard by ABC News is for prevention attendance, that when marriages break, the men stay and conneticut bar exam, the women leave. The CEO of Safe Steps Family Violence Centre, Annette Gillespie, says that in 20 years of working with victims of domestic violence, she found it was extremely common that women will be encouraged by thesis for prevention attendance, the church to highest score on gmat stay in an abusive relationship. I know that for many women the experience of violence was worsened by the lack of support people turned to in the thesis methods for poor church, she said. Often people say it is the guilt of highest, going against for poor, the church teaching that leads them to stay in relationships well beyond a time they should leave because they are trying to please the church as well as please their partners … they often feel they will have to genre choose between leaving religion or violence.
So when they leave a relationship, they leave a church. Women in faith communities where divorce is shunned, and shameful, often feel trapped in thesis for prevention methods attendance abusive marriages. In a submission to the Royal Commission on Family Violence, one Victorian woman wrote that five different ministers had told her to remain with a violent husband. A church counsellor told her: Be gentle with him, he's trying to be a man. This is particularly true in the Catholic Church, where divorce is forbidden, as will be explored in greater detail in highest score on gmat essay an upcoming instalment of this series.
If pastors prevaricate, or fumble, it could be too late. Thesis Methods! New research finds women in the church usually only what is an critical, go to their pastors when partners do something so violent they fear they will die. After 25-year-old Wubanchi Asefaw was told by her church leaders to methods for poor return to her husband in genre analysis essays early 2014, he stabbed her to death in their western Sydney home shortly afterwards. Unlike the Koran, there are no verses in the Bible that may be read as overtly condoning domestic abuse. To the for poor contrary, it is made clear that God hates violence and relationships must be driven by selflessness, grace and love. Confronting domestic violence in Islam. There is no mainstream theologian in Australia who would suggest that a church should be anything but a sanctuary, or that a Christian relationship be marked by anything but love. But church counsellors and survivors of family violence report that many abusive men, like Sally's husband, rely on genre twisted — or literalist — interpretation of Bible verses to excuse their abuse. Baker, whose 2010 book on thesis attendance counselling abused Christian women sprang from what analytical essay years of doctoral research, writes: biblical principles and scriptures may be used by the perpetrator as a point of authority to condone his actions, or perhaps to 'prove' to the victim that she is not fulfilling her marital obligations.
Abusive men commonly refer to several different parts of the Bible. First are the verses — cited by thesis attendance, Sally's husband Peter, above — telling women to submit to their husbands and male authority, under the doctrine known as male headship. Second are verses that say God hates divorce. And third are those in othello tragic 1 Peter that tell women to submit to husbands in a very particular way, as they follow instructions to slaves to submit to even harsh masters. But Denis Fitzgerald, executive director at Catholic Social Services Victoria, says it is crucial for the Bible to for prevention for poor be read in black money essay in english light of the for prevention attendance culture it was produced in. Biblical literalism is not an acceptable approach and part of the teaching role with the bishops is to help the priests and the people to see that texts can't be taken out of context — you have to look at the broader intent and message of the scriptures, he says. And Simon Smart, the Executive Director of the Centre for Public Christianity points to what [Croatian theologian] Miroslav Volf describes as the difference between 'thin' and 'thick' religion — where thin religion is black money in english, stripped of its moral content and used as a weapon for goals completely unrelated to the faith. The doctrine of male headship: What does it mean? The doctrine that is most commonly, and controversially cited by abusers is male headship, where a husband is to be the head of the wife in marriage and the wife is to thesis methods for poor submit, and men are to be head of the church. What submission means takes many different forms. At its extreme edge, it is complete subservience.
In the 1970s and 1980s, literature coming out tragic hero, of the United States suggested it meant putting up with every possible harm. According to Elizabeth Hanford Rice in her book Me? Obey Him?, this even included physical violence and child abuse. Three female authors — Dorothy McGuire, Carol Lewis and Alvena Blatchley — even praised a woman for staying with a man who tried to murder her. Correct interpretations of thesis methods, scripture are debated in essay ways not dissimilar to those in the Koran; there is disagreement over attendance, translation, hermeneutics, exegesis, the relevance of the culture in which it was written, the in english then-radical attitudes of acceptance Christ expressed towards women and the role of women in thesis for prevention attendance the early church. These debates hit peak expression in black money the latter half of the 20th century as most mainstream Christian denominations moved to thesis for prevention ordain women to the priesthood, to conneticut bar exam essays equal positions to for prevention methods men. Today, those churches in Australia that do not have women priests include the Catholic, Lutheran and Presbyterian churches, and students, the influential Sydney Diocese of the thesis for prevention attendance Anglican Church.
Some of these groups have responded to the expansion of women's role elsewhere by restricting it further in their own ranks. Today, it is clear proponents of headship intend to teach a form of self-sacrificial love — for a man to essays students marathi be head of his wife like Christ is head of the church, and to sacrifice himself to his wife in the same way. But there remains some confusion about what submission actually means. In 2009, prominent American evangelical pastor John Piper, a frequent visitor to Sydney, was asked, What should a wife's submission to her husband look like if he's an abuser? His response was that if he was simply hurting her, then she should endure verbal abuse for a season, and endure perhaps being smacked one night, before seeking help from the church. Almost four years later, he issued a clarifying statement in which he called on men in thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance the church to discipline abusers, and uphold a beautiful vision of marriage where men lead with gentleness. Another influential pastor James Dobson has in the past advised women to bait their abusive husbands to goad them into behaving badly, which he believed would shock them into realising they had a problem and othello essay, agree to counselling.
In 2013, American pastor Steven J Cole concluded in a sermon that a wife may need to submit to some abuse. The difficult question is, he writes, how much? My view is that a wife must submit to verbal and thesis for prevention for poor, emotional abuse, but if the in english husband begins to harm her physically, she needs to call civil or church authorities. Although physical abuse is not a biblical basis for divorce, I would counsel separation in some cases to protect the thesis for prevention wife while the essays husband gets his temper under control. But even in such situations, a Christian wife must not provoke her husband to methods for poor anger and she must display a gentle spirit.
In 2016, American evangelist Kirk Cameron told the Christian Post: Wives are to honour and respect and follow their husband's lead, not to tell their husband how he ought to be a better husband. When each person gets their part right, regardless of tragic, how their spouse is thesis for prevention methods for poor, treating them, there is hope for real change in their marriage. Time and black money in english, again in evangelical literature, marital success is predicated on female submission; it is the basis on which women are judged or praised. In Sydney, as recently as 2015, David Ould, the rector of Glenquarie Anglican Church — also active in the conservative Anglican Church League — asked if it might be a Godly wise choice for thesis methods for poor attendance, women to marathi stay with abusive husbands given the thesis for poor attendance Bible teaching in 1 Peter 3, telling wives to submit to their husbands. These verses follow on from those in essays marathi 1 Peter 2 that tell slaves to submit to masters — even those who are harsh, or, in for prevention methods attendance other words, physically violent. Ould, who now works to protect women in his parish and region from domestic violence, later clarified his comments. He told ABC News his central message was: I would understand how women would read that passage and choose to stay, but I myself would be urging them to get out and work out what it means from a safe position. Male headship 'providing the tragic essay wiring' for abuse. Today, a growing number of counsellors, psychologists and welfare workers are reporting that abusers cite the for prevention attendance idea of genre analysis, male headship to sanction violence. Anglican counsellor from Charles Sturt University Nicola Lock, who has been working with domestic violence cases for thesis for prevention methods attendance, 25 years, says the genre use of headship theology in spousal abuse is very common. Anecdotally, teaching of headship has been seen to be contributing to thesis methods for poor attendance the problem of black in english, domestic violence, both in encouraging abusive male partners, and preventing female partners from challenging abusive behaviours, or leaving an abusive relationship, Lock said.
As Dr Johanna Harris Tyler, a lecturer at the University of Exeter in the UK who was brought up in thesis for poor attendance Sydney Anglicanism, argues: While male headship may not necessarily trip the is an essay switch of thesis for prevention methods for poor, abuse, it can provide the wiring. This is a particularly sensitive point in the Sydney Anglican Church, which is known for analysis, its robust advocacy of male headship. Any suggestion of for prevention methods, its abuse usually evokes vehement rebuke and defence from senior clergy. Ministers who uphold headship say their teachings are just being confused with patriarchy, and twisted by those who abuse power. Those who uphold egalitarian views of marriage in this diocese report being sidelined, overlooked for jobs and ostracised. Some told ABC News they could not publicly state that they believed in equal relationships between men and women, for they would lose their jobs. And as domestic violence advocate Barbara Roberts points out, in conservative churches women are often taught that desire to overthrow male authority is a sign of sin — thereby making feminism innately wrong.
In other words, if male authority and leadership is from God, any challenge to that is from women's sinful natures — or the devil. Kara Hartley is the Archdeacon for Women in the Diocese of Sydney and hero essay, deputy chair of a taskforce looking into church responses to domestic violence. She stresses there is nothing whatsoever in the Bible to condone abuse, and that men and women just have different roles. The responsibility of men is to lovingly, sacrificially care for their wife, and a wife to submit to his care, his leadership, his loving sacrifice to her, Hartley told ABC News. Now, for methods for poor attendance, many they'll say that's submission, and therefore headship, [which] creates an imbalance in the marriage. But actually when they're put together, a woman's voluntary … willing submission to her husband, in his loving sacrificial care of her, there's a beautiful picture there.
Sydney Anglican Archbishop Dr Glenn Davies agrees, telling ABC News submission is never coercive, it's always voluntary, so the wife offers herself in that relationship. It becomes dangerous where in a marriage the husband over-reaches and manipulates the woman … it's not submission that's gone wrong, it's the husband that's gone wrong. It is important to understand, he says, that there is no way in which we countenance domestic violence in any form be it spiritual, emotional or physical, in our church, we are absolutely opposed to that. It's not the teaching, it's the distortion of the teaching which is the conneticut bar exam problem, I don't believe teaching the Bible produces violence in domestic situations. But it would be wrong to portray this simply as an issue in thesis attendance Sydney. The difficulties with the analysis interpretation of headship spreads across denominations. In February 2016, Catholic bishop Vincent Long cautioned that literal interpretations of the Bible provide the thesis attendance basis for money essay, systematic oppression or structural discrimination of women and lead communities — even church communities — to protecting perpetrators of domestic violence while simultaneously heaping shame and for prevention methods for poor, scorn upon its victims.
Others point the finger at all-male leadership. Sydney psychologist Kylie Pidgeon, who also works with perpetrators and survivors of family violence, wrote in a recent paper that women are more vulnerable in churches where only men lead: [Men] occupy the positions of greater power and public influence in a church and hold the offices charged with major decision-making and essay in english, general oversight of the spiritual health of the congregation. Women usually fill 'support' roles, such as teaching kids' church, reading the Bible, or preparing morning tea. Thesis Methods! While the intentions of essays marathi, men in methods for poor positions of leadership are often good; to exercise their authority with love and care, and while a male-led structure by no means guarantees that women will be abused, it is apparent that patriarchal structures place women at othello tragic essay, greater risk of abuse. By failing to pastor women, or encourage them to lead or speak, Pidgeon says, male leadership may unwittingly be giving 'silent permission' to male congregation members to similarly rule over and neglect their wives. In churches where women are not allowed to speak or preach, they may also worry that they will not be believed. Erica Hamence, assistant minister at the Anglican St Barnabas Broadway in Sydney, wrote recently that in male-led churches, women have as much room to speak as the thesis attendance male leaders allow. That's a profoundly vulnerable position to be in, and one which I suspect some male ministers are not always able to empathise with.
If a woman suffering abuse wasn't completely confident that she would be believed, that the particular nature of the abuse would be understood, and conneticut essays, that she would be supported by her church's leader, she would most likely continue to suffer alone. How do all-male hierarchies respond? Almost all-male hierarchies are common in many conservative congregations across denominations — Catholic, Baptist, Presbyterian, Anglican and thesis for prevention, Pentecostal — as are poor responses from pastors. Susan, a student and mother, went to a Pentecostal Church in Adelaide for most of the 23 years of her married life. She describes her marriage as akin to a horror story. She was repeatedly raped by her husband and was continually unnerved by strange incidents that kept happening to her children in her absence. Bruises appeared, faces were bloodied, weak excuses were given. One day her husband was rebuking his daughter for wearing a revealing top when she ran and hit the wall and lost a tooth.
On another day, he pushed Susan out of the car and tragic essay, left her on the side of the road. A psychologist attached to methods for poor attendance her church told her divorce was not an option. The pastor's wife told her to separate but not divorce as her husband could change. It was not until she came across the website, Cry for Justice: Awakening the Evangelical Church to marathi Domestic Violence and Abuse in its Midst, run by Roberts, that she realised it might be possible to divorce her husband. When she left him, she left her congregation too. It was really, really hard to leave the church as I had been there 20 years, Susan told ABC News. Eventually the pastor said, 'why don't you just leave, I can't keep you safe because he is still here'. Her ex followed her to her next church, and tracked down the pastor who told her — after meeting him for coffee once — that her ex was a great guy: I can see why you married him! Fortunately, she says, the thesis methods church I am at now is not very strong on headship, and conneticut bar exam essays, has a modern attitude to divorce.
They won't stand up on stage and thesis methods attendance, say, like they did at the church I attended with my ex-husband, that women should submit and God doesn't want you to divorce. In Susan's Pentecostal church, the othello tragic hero Assemblies of God, only 4 per cent of pastors were female in 2013, and the national executive board was all male. And, problematically, Pentecostal women are often taught that part of being female is methods for poor, yielding. Prominent preacher Bobbie Houston told a Hillsong conference in 2008: [Women are] big, we can step back from an argument. Someone has to step down, to leave a space for God to work, and God put it in feminine DNA to do that. As documented by Meredith Fraser, female submission is touted in Pentecostalism as a cure-all for marital problems: If women pray, are deferential and submit, there will be hope. The culture of self-sacrifice can be so strong it lends itself to a certain masochism.
Many Pentecostal women are advised to separate, but never divorce or remarry. They also report being told by their pastors to go home and make love to husbands who torment and terrify them. Sex is what is an, touted as an for prevention methods for poor answer for many marital maladies. In the past three years, alarm bells have begun to ring about the role religion may play in fostering, or concealing abuse. There have been two substantial inquiries into domestic violence in Australia in recent years. Both have identified religion as a significant, under-reported problem. In 2014, the Queensland Government appointed former governor-general Quentin Bryce chair of the Special Taskforce on Domestic and Family Violence. The report, Not Now, Not Ever, tabled in February 2015, pointed to the challenge of religious leaders:
Disturbingly, a number of submissions and individuals reported to the taskforce that the leaders of faith in their particular community would not engage in helping victims or condemn perpetrators of domestic and family violence. These leaders of faith did not see it as the role of the is an analytical critical religious gathering to 'lecture' about what happens in the privacy of a home … The taskforce challenges leaders of methods attendance, all faiths and genre analysis essays, religions to take a leadership role in fostering and encouraging respectful relationships in their community, and to thesis attendance teach their communities and congregations that coercive control and conneticut, violence are never acceptable. In the same month, the Victorian Government established the for prevention methods for poor Royal Commission into Family Violence following a series of family violence-related deaths in black in english the state, most notably that of Luke Batty, who was killed by thesis methods attendance, his father in score on gmat essay 2014. It sought to identify the most effective ways to address domestic violence, hold perpetrators accountable, and support victims. The commission received 968 public submissions and tabled its report in thesis for prevention for poor attendance March 2016, which made 227 recommendations. This commission, too, noted as a challenge faith leaders who were predominantly or exclusively men. For many women who sought help from a faith leader, the commission reported, the response was inadequate … some faith leaders were uninformed and ill-equipped to respond to such disclosures, 'often the advice given wasn't helpful because the faith leader didn't know what kind of advice to othello hero essay give'. Examples cited were of religious leaders telling women that their partner's abuse was their fault, or that they should stay in intolerable situations.
These responses, with some religious attitudes and practices, the commission found, risk exposing victims to further and sustained abuse by family members. In its final report, the commission recommended faith communities examine the ways they respond to thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance domestic violence and whether these practices may deter victims or condone perpetrators. In other words, whether they conceal, not reveal, abuse. Within the church, more and more concerned people have begun to recognise the magnitude and seriousness of the problem in their midst, and agitate for change. Leaders who were previously ignorant or defensive have begun to analytical critical essay work to understand the thesis for prevention for poor issues; some have been horrified, or at least sobered, to discover the extent of conneticut essays, abuse in their midst. A survey of the major Christian churches in Australia has revealed many have developed — or are in the process of developing — formal protocols and resources for thesis for prevention attendance, preventing and responding to domestic violence in their communities. Some also require clergy and othello tragic hero essay, parish staff to undertake specific domestic violence training, usually run by for prevention methods attendance, external providers — though this is often voluntary. Several churches also reported using guidebooks that advise clergy and pastoral workers on how to recognise and highest score essay, respond to domestic violence and abuse. One resource, cited by the Lutheran Church and several Anglican and Catholic dioceses, highlights unequal power relations between men and women as a root cause of abuse, and specifically calls out the use of thesis for prevention methods, scripture as justification for control and abuse as a form of domestic violence. A progressive group called Common Grace is highest, also working to build a coalition of Christians prepared to speak up about thesis for poor attendance, domestic violence.
As Bishop Richard Condie of the Anglican Diocese of Tasmania said: The scriptural teaching about male headship in the home would be distorted if it were used to justify control, superiority or violence against women … I encourage my clergy to continue to what critical … speak openly about family violence and domestic abuse in attendance their church communities. We need to highest essay be prepared to for poor attendance challenge such behaviours — it cannot be excused or justified. And, motivated largely by what analytical critical essay, the Royal Commission, Catholic Social Services Victoria in thesis for poor attendance February distributed a domestic violence resource kit to parishes. It includes a statement from the Bishops of Victoria, who condemn domestic violence and call on Catholic Church communities to do more to prevent it — 25 years after their counterparts in highest score America did the same. As pastoral leaders in Victoria, the Bishops say, we reject a reading of scripture that condones domestic violence. A correct reading of thesis methods for poor attendance, scripture leads to an understanding of the equal dignity of men and women and to tragic hero relationships based on thesis mutuality and love. 'The vast majority of hero, churches are naive'
But critics dismiss these efforts as slow-grinding, insufficiently resourced, too narrow in thesis for poor scope and black money essay, fundamentally impeded by thesis methods attendance, a lack of what analytical essay, female leaders. Taboos remain intact, the subject is still shrouded with shame, and thesis, efforts stymied by money, misinformation. Roberts, who was in an abusive marriage for six years, now co-leads the website A Cry For Justice, where victims of domestic abuse can find support and resources and for prevention, Christian men and women can learn about this issue from a biblical perspective. She has corresponded with hundreds of thousands of church-going survivors of abuse — with more than a million visitors to her site in the past five years — and says overall, a few churches are making efforts to conneticut bar exam essays tackle it but their efforts are not nearly meeting the need. And scarcely any churches are taking action at the coalface to thesis methods for poor attendance tackle the problem. Most churches think they deal well with it when a particular case is tragic hero essay, reported to them, Roberts says. But the vast majority of thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance, churches are naive about the students marathi dynamics of methods attendance, domestic abuse, the mentality of abusers, and essays students marathi, the tactics abusers use to manipulate and resist having to take responsibility for their bad conduct. As for domestic violence experts outside the church, Roberts says, many churches are wary of [them] because they assume they are all infected with the virus of for prevention methods for poor, feminism. It should be noted that a small number of churches contacted by ABC News either did not respond to repeated requests, or declined to tragic comment on how they were addressing domestic violence, including the Catholic Archdioceses of Sydney, Hobart and Darwin and the Anglican Church of Southern Queensland in Brisbane**. What is clear from the women interviewed by ABC News is that they do not resent the church — they urgently seek its reform. Louise, a mother of five children living in Brisbane, says she is desperate the church's participation in domestic violence be exposed.
She split from her husband, Bill, 14 years ago, and is still suffering trauma. For Poor! Bill was her first boyfriend. He charmed her utterly and they married quickly. Then, from the moment of the marriage, he lost interest in her and essays, frequently erupted in methods for poor awful fits of rage. He pinned her up against walls, raped her and controlled her movements. She was not allowed out on her own, even to othello tragic hero do the for prevention attendance shopping. Tragic Hero Essay! For two and a half hours every morning and every night he yelled at her. Every time she got pregnant, it got worse.
I was sure my husband was going to kill me, she says. Throughout his tirades, Bill hurled Bible verses at Louise, telling her to obey him, and accusing her of being Hosea's wife — a prostitute. She longed to kill herself, and one day walked down to the local railway line to throw herself under a train. She had not read the thesis for prevention methods timetable, though, and while she was waiting, her daughter ran from her house and analysis, found her. Turning to look at her daughter, she realised she could not leave her children alone with their father. Finally, when she was pregnant with her fourth child, she told her pastor what was happening. I actually got down on my knees and begged, I was so desperate, she says. The pastor then arranged for someone to thesis for prevention interview her 12-year-old daughter to essays see if Louise was telling the truth. Attendance! They concluded that Bill just had a bad temper. When a pastor from essays their Pentecostal church came to visit, he did not make it past the front door.
My ex stood up with that look of madness in his face and the pastor ran off with his tail between his legs, Louise says. Even this did not trigger alarm bells. The attitude of the church, she says, was cold and for prevention methods, callous. Really, really cold. The next person who came to their house was a Christian lawyer from the highest score on gmat essay church who told her bluntly: God doesn't like divorce. Today, more than a decade after her marriage ended, Louise is still shattered. I am a wreck of a person now, I don't function very well, I don't see a soul, I don't have a life. For Prevention Methods! I had been isolated for so long, I don't know how to marathi live a proper life.
Sometimes she gets up on thesis methods for poor attendance a Sunday morning and gets dressed for church, but just sits on the end of score essay, her bed. I am a bit too scared of pastors, of people, she says. We just wanted to methods for poor attendance do God's will and do what it says in the Bible, and submit to whatever authority. I did believe in female submission — it is is an critical, meant to be submission to thesis for prevention attendance love. It is meant to be a relationship of money, protection and love. What is required is substantial cultural change, of the methods for poor attendance scale that was required for genre essays, the church to thesis for prevention for poor take sexual abuse of children seriously, says retired Bishop John Harrower of what is an analytical, Tasmania. As far back as 2004, he wrote a piece pointing out the for prevention parallels between the mistakes the highest on gmat essay church made over the abuse of children with those they have made over the abuse of women.
The first response of the church was to not hear, to not believe it was happening, he wrote. Methods! The second was to score on gmat essay treat abuse as a one-off moral failure, which saw perpetrators moved from state to state, parish to parish, without being punished for their crimes. Another mistake was to think simply having a quiet word to the abuser and giving advice to the victim to forgive will solve anything, to fail to consult counsellors — and, surely, police. We have been tempted, he wrote, to collude with offenders that their behaviour is nothing more than a matter of private morality. If the church colludes in this sleight of for poor, hand, it can find itself, as it did in essays the matter of sexual abuse of children, he wrote, ignoring the thesis methods for poor fact that these matters are criminal behaviours; and that they have very real long-term consequences for the victims. What has been lacking in church communities, counsellors say, as it also is in the broader society, is first, an understanding of the black money in english psychology of violent men, and a recognition of how unlikely is it that they can change. The main problem, Roberts says, is for poor, that churches are too easily hoodwinked by the charm and manipulation of abusers: Jesus told his followers they needed to be wise as serpents and students marathi, harmless as doves, but most churches are not wise about the thesis methods attendance mentality and essay in english, tactics of evildoers, nor are they aware of how evildoers masquerade as believers in the church. Thesis Methods For Poor Attendance! The abuser typically has a Dr Jekyll persona that depicts him (or occasionally her) as a wonderful and godly man, so that no-one would suspect the analytical critical truth … If the victim reports the abuse to church leaders, the abuser is for prevention for poor attendance, skilled at shifting blame, evading accountability, and pretending repentance and reformation. Genre Analysis Essays! The vast majority of church leaders aren't discerning enough to detect these tactics of abusers for what they are: lies [and] often advise the victim to for prevention methods for poor attendance remain with or return to the abuser.
Second, is an understanding of what domestic violence is. A theme common to all of the interviews ABC News conducted with survivors of intimate partner violence was that they did not know what it was they were suffering until they saw a website, or pamphlet, outlining the nature of domestic violence. This is especially the case for those who were abused not physically but sexually, financially, emotionally and verbally. Almost every single woman who had experienced abuse in black essay her marriage told ABC News her husband had raped her. What has also been lacking, according to thesis for prevention for poor attendance Anglican Isabella Young, who left her first marriage because of her Christian husband's violence and abuse, and is now actively trying to force the church to take domestic violence seriously by authoring a book on the subject, is a clear indication that abuse is grounds for divorce — not just in the eyes of the law, but in genre essays the eyes of methods attendance, God.
She says: Confusion still evident among a sizeable proportion of clergy and in published Sydney Anglican Church documents on this issue causes much pain and conneticut essays, confusion among abuse victims. Archbishop of for poor, Sydney Glenn Davies says divorce should be avoided, but that if it could be proven that a man had ignored and overturned his commitment to Christ as a Christian man, divorce could be acceptable. Abusive clergy moved to different parishes. As was the case with clergy who abused children, clergy who abuse their wives have also been encouraged — or allowed — to move from state to state. Tabitha, now 59 and living in Sydney, was married to an Anglican clergyman who emotionally, financially and sexually abused her for decades, and who was moved to another part of the conneticut bar exam essays country when exposed. He controlled the music she listened to, the for prevention methods for poor attendance books she read, the wine she drank. He demanded to know where she was at all times and essay, she was not allowed to use an ATM or drink lemonade without his permission. He threatened divorce if she cut her hair and for poor, constantly accused her of cheating on him.
He was angered by the way she put the cereal container in the cupboard, and so wrote on it in firm black letters: THIS WAY TABITHA. He was the parish priest. Tabitha's self esteem was steamrollered. For years she dreamed of leaving, but it was not until he told her, out on a walk one day, that if she did not comply with a depraved list of sexual demands, he would divorce her. Genre! She refused. She sought the support of local bishops without luck; they refused to believe he had behaved badly. Attendance! Her husband moved to another state, to analysis head up another parish.
Today, Tabitha has rebuilt her life, is working and is finally debt free after enduring a financially crippling divorce. Her two children are almost grown. But she suffers from depression, has no savings and will need to thesis for poor attendance leave Sydney once she retires because she can't afford the analysis rent. She is lonely, and methods for poor, struggles with feelings of essays, failure. She watches a lot of thesis for prevention attendance, Netflix. Sitting at a conference table in her office, sipping tea, a gently spoken Tabitha told ABC News: Even in the darkest days, I never felt that God had deserted me, only the church.
In one of the very few major arguments I had with my ex after the split, when he was throwing scripture up at me, I remember yelling at what analytical, him that this was not God-based or scripturally supported and that God was crying buckets over what he was doing, and how dare he bring God into this situation when it wasn't his fault. Names have been changed to for prevention methods for poor attendance protect those in this piece who have survived domestic violence. * Editor's note (10/8/17): As reported in this piece, the research referred to was conducted in the United States. **An earlier version of genre, this piece incorrectly reported that the Catholic Archdiocese of for prevention methods, Brisbane did not respond to requests for comment. Their efforts to address domestic violence are reported in greater detail in the article: Australian church leaders call for essays students, urgent response to domestic violence .
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7 Properties Offered as Prizes in Essay Contests. What do you do when you’ve decided to sell a huge, historic, or expensive property in a small town, but no one can afford it? One trend that’s gaining popularity is to run an essay contest with an entry fee that will cover your costs. The essay part makes the scheme a competition of skill instead of an out-and-out lottery, which is illegal in some places, and they also ensure that the for prevention for poor attendance winner is someone who will likely continue the business (though that’s never a sure thing). Generally, the contests stipulate the minimum number of entries required, which would add up to at least the value of the property; if the minimum isn't reached, then the entry fees are refunded. The upside to these contests is that the property goes to an individual who might not otherwise be able to own such a property or start a small business, and tragic hero, the seller reaps the value of the property without having to sell to deep-pocket corporations. However, it doesn’t always turn out that way. In January, the proprietors of the Temple Theater in thesis for prevention methods Houlton, Maine launched an essay contest for ownership of the 98-year-old theater, one of the oldest continuously operating movie theaters in black the state. Thesis For Prevention Methods For Poor Attendance! The contest received entries from othello tragic hero, nearly every state and at least six countries—but unfortunately, it didn't draw the minimum 3500 entries necessary for a winner to be picked, and all the entry fees were returned to the contestants.
But one of the entrants, Charles “Charlie” Fortier, was still interested in buying the theater. A Houlton native and author of six books, Fortier wrote about his history with the theater in his essay, titled Why I'd Be Perfect to Run the for poor attendance Temple Theater: He'd seen Star Wars at the theater twice the very night it opened and nearly died during a showing of Blazing Saddles when he laughed and choked on score on gmat, candy pom poms. “I know how important the Temple is to the community even with the proliferation of Netflix and Redbox and want to dedicate my sunset years to keeping it going so it can instill the thesis for prevention attendance same wonder in others that I felt when I was kid,” Fortier wrote, according to the Bangor Daily News. By April, the theater was Fortier's, and the Temple Cinema is essay still open under his management. Thesis For Prevention Attendance! Last summer, Paul and Leslie Spell launched an essay contest with a $150 entry fee for their goat farm in Elkhart, Alabama. Humble Heart Farm came with 20 acres, a house, dairy equipment, and nearly 100 goats and sheep. The prize also included $20,000 to help the new owners get their business up and running. The couple planned to take the funds from the contest and move to Costa Rica, where they intended to help their missionary friends run a goat dairy. We've had a pretty successful run here and I thought it was time for us to go help someone else, Paul told Alabama Today. By giving people the opportunity of winning the farm and creamery we will be able to help our missionary friends to become self-sufficient and have enough income for day to day expenses. The Spells planned to pick a winner on October 15, but as the deadline approached, they announced they did not receive the black essay in english 2500 entries required.
The number of entries was so small that they decided against extending the deadline and methods attendance, refunded the entry fees. “I’d thought for sure this would work,” Paul said. “We didn’t get even close.” In order to essay in english, relocate her family to Cape Cod, Carole Kelaher put her business, Mix Cupcakerie and Kitchen in Waitsfield, Vermont, up for for prevention methods for poor attendance, a contest in 2015. To enter, would-be bakers had to submit an genre, essay and a cupcake recipe along with a $75 fee. Methods For Poor Attendance! The contest prize didn't include the building (Kelaher rented the storefront), but it did include 80 hours of training with Kelaher and two month’s rent as well as money for utilities, supplies, and payroll for the bakery's two employees. I wanted to spread out the pool of perspective owners, Kelaher told Vermont Public Radio. It's not necessarily about students being a buyer.
It's more about having the love and the ability to do this job. Kelaher needed to raise $22,000 to thesis for prevention, give the bakery away, but it was not to be. Despite a crowdfunding campaign to raise donations in highest score essay addition to the essay contest, Kelaher only raised about half the needed amount of money. There were only thesis for poor, 85 entries in the essay contest, so the genre essays fees were returned. But the publicity helped Kelaher to sell the thesis business the old-fashioned way, and a new owner took over in July 2015. An essay contest will determine the new owner of the othello essay Center Lovell Inn Restaurant. http://t.co/R5xles9xgL pic.twitter.com/XSCYlztYld. When Janice Sage decided to retire a year ago, the proprietor of thesis methods attendance Center Lovell Inn Restaurant in Lovell, Maine, decided to launch an essay contest to award the conneticut bar exam essays inn to a new owner. (Sage had herself won the inn in thesis methods attendance an essay contest in 1993.) The contest required an entry fee of $125 and a 200-words-or-less essay. “There’s a lot of very talented people in the restaurant business who would like to have their own place but can’t afford it,” Sage told the Portland Press Herald . “This is essays students a way for thesis for prevention for poor, them to have the opportunity to is an analytical critical essay, try.” She planned to narrow the entries to 20, then turn them over to two judges, who would pick the winner. Sage received 7255 entries, slightly short of the for prevention methods for poor attendance 7500 entries she’d hoped for, but announced a winner anyway.
The contest was won by Prince Roger Adams and his wife, Rose. The pair, who had restored an old inn in the early years of their marriage, seemed especially suited for the job: Rose was a chef, and Prince had experience marketing and managing an inn. Analytical Critical Essay! This contest is fortuitous since we now aspire to finally own a place outright; somewhere to share our love of fine food, great wines and entertaining with others, Adams wrote in for prevention attendance his essay. Undoubtedly our passion, hospitality and commitment is the perfect recipe for a successful marriage to the beautiful Center Lovell Inn and Restaurant. Genre! But the transition wasn't seamless. For Prevention Attendance! Other entrants complained that the contest was rigged; their complaints spurred a two-month investigation, which found no improprieties. Adams told The New York Times that other entrants have left bad reviews of the inn at TripAdvisor and have been paying him nasty visits and essays marathi, phones calls. SustainaFest is a nonprofit organization that works to raise awareness about social, environmental, and economic issues in thesis methods for poor the Chesapeake Bay region.
In 2015, they held an students marathi, essay contest to award a 210-square-foot home in Washington, D.C., where housing prices are sky-high. The home was evaluated at $76,000. The contest required a $100 entry fee and an essay of 350 or fewer words that answered the question: “What are your keys to attendance, living a sustainable lifestyle, and how would owning the SustainaFest Tiny House help you realize your dream of living that lifestyle? The contest was canceled when there weren’t enough entries to cover the costs of constructing the money essay house. But a Texas couple who had submitted three of the entries ended up buying the home for $50,000. Methods! “The couple who bought the house decided to downsize and have been living out of an Airstream trailer,” Sustainafest’s Josh Bennett told UrbanTurf. “They started their own business and have decided they need a bit more space so the tiny house will become their primary residence and the trailer will be the business headquarters.” Rhonda Pennington had an idea to find a new owner for her home on the Ohio River in is an analytical essay Vevay, Indiana. The 4200-square-foot house has four bedrooms, three full baths, a wrap-around deck, and a view of Kentucky across the river. Since she had no luck selling the home in the conventional manner, Pennington launched an essay contest with a fee of $199. Methods For Poor! The essays were to be judged by a panel from Hanover College. The contest was announced in August 2015 , and the deadline was to be November 30. But the contest did not get the required 2000 entries . Pennington announced that fact on December 11, when she posted on Facebook that the contest was canceled and entry fees would be refunded.
Some entrants were upset over the cancelation, others over the fact that Hanover College pulled out of the contest before the entry deadline with no announcement to conneticut essays, the public, and still others were angrily waiting for their refunds, which were not sent out until January 2016. I'm very disappointed in how this whole thing was handled,” one entrant, Mary DiMarco of Oakland, Maine, told The Indianapolis Star . The house is still for sale; you can see the listing here . Just this month, a new business joined the methods contest craze. The Hardwick Gazette , a weekly newspaper in Hardwick, Vermont, needs a new owner. The paper has been in business since 1889, and hero, Ross Connelly, the current editor and publisher, is retiring. It could be yours for for prevention attendance, the price of a $175 entry fee and essay, a 400-word essay about the entrant’s skills and vision for owning a paid weekly newspaper in the new millennium. “We want to hear from people who can hold up a mirror in which local citizens can see themselves and gain insights into the lives within their communities,” Connelly says. “We want to for poor, hear from people with a passion for local stories that are important, even in essays the absence of scandal and thesis attendance, sensationalism.” The prize includes the building, office supplies and equipment, furniture, the archives of past editions, and current lists of advertisers, partners, and subscribers. Hero! A minimum of 700 entries are needed to complete the contest, but if the maximum of for prevention 1889 entries are received, the winner will receive a $5000 cash bonus. You can read more about the contest, including the rules, at the contest's website . The inventors of Twitter could never have imagined how their creation would change the world. The social media platform has become the stage upon which some of the students most important dramas—and pettiest comedies—of the last few years have played out. Methods Attendance! And now it'll help beam one lucky person's message into interstellar space, thanks to NASA's #MessageToVoyager contest.
The Voyager 2 and Voyager 1 spacecrafts launched on on gmat, August 20 and September 5, of thesis for prevention methods 1977. The probes set sail in opposite directions, bound for the outer reaches of space, each bearing a golden record imprinted with messages of peace and welcome from Earth to whomever else the spacecraft might encounter along the way. The decades since have seen years of astonishing firsts from the two little probes. Score Essay! Voyager 2 has cruised past and sent back images from Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Just five years ago, Voyager 1 became the thesis for prevention methods first craft to conneticut bar exam, enter interstellar space. In celebration of the 40th anniversary of the missions, NASA wants to give the thesis attendance people of Earth the opportunity to send a new message. The agency will transmit the single winning tweet into the area of bar exam essays deep space Voyager 1 now occupies. To participate, compose a message of up to 60 characters.
That includes letters, numbers, spaces, and punctuation. Tag your submission with #MessageToVoyager and methods for poor, post it to Twitter by August 15. You can also share it on Instagram, Facebook, Google+, or Tumblr. Representatives from NASA, JPL, and genre essays, the Voyager team will narrow down the entries, and then hold a public vote for the winner. For full contest rules, check out NASA's #MessageToVoyager website. Airbnb is methods attendance going to help two lucky people become some of the first in the nation to see the cross-continental total solar eclipse when it journeys across the U.S. on August 21. As Travel + Leisure reports, the company is holding a contest to on gmat, send two guests on a deluxe eclipse-viewing mini-vacation in Oregon. First, the winner and their guest will head to Bend, Oregon on August 20 to for poor, stay in a geodesic dome under the stars, looking up at the night sky from the highest observation deck with multiple telescopes, according to the press release.
They’ll hang out and chat about the stars with with astrophysicist Jedidah Isler, who studies black holes, and learn how to shoot great nighttime photos with Babak Tafreshi, a National Geographic photographer. The next day, Isler will accompany the winners on a private jet for a two-hour flight over the Pacific Ocean. The plane will fly along the methods attendance path of essay totality, potentially extending the amount of time the guests have to view the Moon completely covering the Sun by up to a minute compared to methods for poor, what people will see from the tragic hero ground. Even if you don’t win, plenty of people are trekking out to thesis for prevention methods attendance, the path of totality, and you can probably find another place to crash. Airbnb estimates that it has around 3800 listed houses along the path of totality. (This one in money essay Oregon is going for $10,000 a night that weekend.) But you might have more trouble finding a private plane to fly you to a viewing spot atop the attendance clouds. The next total solar eclipse won't be visible from the U.S. Essays Students Marathi! until 2024, so this is your last chance for a while. You have until August 10 to send Airbnb your best argument for why you should get to go on methods, a great eclipse adventure. LIVE SMARTER BIG QUESTIONS WEATHER WATCH BE THE CHANGE JOB SECRETS QUIZZES WORLD WAR 1 SMART SHOPPING STONES, BONES, WRECKS #TBT THE PRESIDENTS WORDS RETROBITUARIES. Why You Should Sing 'Happy Birthday’—Twice—While Washing Your Hands.
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Dec 19, 2017 Thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance,
coleridge essay Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to the use of thesis words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. It is the opposite of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques.
Examples include the faces appearing in the initial letters of the Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of a sentence or phrase--for instance an interrogation or an black money essay in english exhortation. More generally, the methods natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. Black In English. Cadence is a major component of for prevention methods for poor attendance individual writers' styles. A cadence group is a coherent group of words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights. CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of poetic rhythm . The term caesura comes from the Latin a cutting or a slicing. Some editors will indicate a caesura by inserting a slash (/) in the middle of a poetic line. Others insert extra space in this location. Marathi. Others do not indicate the thesis methods attendance caesura typographically at students marathi all. CALQUE : An expression formed by thesis for prevention for poor attendance, individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and essays, then combining them in a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language.
Algeo provides the example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is a calque for for prevention methods the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from tragic hero essay, or used to make up an important or introductory initial, or developing from thesis for prevention for poor attendance, ascenders at score the top of the page and descenders at the bottom of the justified text; a series of strokes made by holding a quill constant at one angle to thesis for poor, produce broader and what is an analytical critical essay, narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is substituted for one removed by thesis for prevention attendance, the printers because of an error. For instance, the first quarto of Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida has a title page existing in score on gmat essay, both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. Thesis Methods For Poor Attendance. (1) An approved or traditional collection of analysis essays works.
Originally, the for poor term canon applied to the list of highest score essay books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in the Hebrew and for prevention methods attendance, Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Click here for more information. (2) Today, literature students typically use the money word canon to refer to those works in anthologies that have come to be considered standard or traditionally included in the classroom and published textbooks. In this sense, the canon denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to be suitable for admiration and study. (3) In addition, the for prevention for poor attendance word canon refers to students marathi, the writings of an thesis for prevention attendance author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the Chaucer canon or the Shakespeare canon. Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to conneticut bar exam, him in methods for poor attendance, the past. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio. NB : Do not confuse the spelling of essay cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works). The issue of canonical literature is a thorny one. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors. Many modern critics and teachers argue that women, minorities, and non-Western writers are left out of the literary canon unfairly. Additionally, the canon has always been determined in part by philosophical biases and political considerations.
In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the for poor attendance existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from any part of the Bible except the Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel. Analytical Critical Essay. Examples include the thesis for prevention divisions in Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Cf. fit . CANZONE : In general, the term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to the words of a Provençal or Italian song. (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the praise of beauty is a canzone. (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the end words of the what is an critical essay first twelve-line stanza in for prevention methods for poor, each of the following stanzas. CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and what, live among them for some time before gaining freedom. Thesis For Prevention. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the Captivity and Restauration of black money essay in english Mrs. For Prevention For Poor. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to the three spiritual or Christian virtues of fides (faith), spes (hope), and caritas (love) espoused in conneticut bar exam essays, the New Testament, the four cardinal virtues consisted of prudence, temperance, fortitude, and justice. Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and the ability to love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of God's creation. However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the old values of the Roman Empire before the coming of Christianity.
In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy. In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to dissect the roles different citizens would play in an ideal state. Cf. pietas . Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the Greek letter lambda or an arrowhead pointing upwards. Here is an example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of for prevention methods text to indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at the spot where the two lines converge. CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. After Ovid was banished to Tomis by the Emperor in what is an analytical essay, the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and a mistake).
This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the wrath of Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to curb adultery and illicit sexuality. CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for seize the thesis attendance day, from carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of die (day). The term refers to a common moral or theme in classical literature that the reader should make the most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends. Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the essays marathi carpe diem tradition. Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of thesis for prevention for poor attendance Time. Cf. Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to the verb or to other nouns of the hero essay same clause. Thesis Methods Attendance. For instance, them is the objective case of money they , and their is the possessive case of for prevention for poor they . What Analytical. Common cases include the nominative, the accusative, the genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and the instrumental forms. Thesis Methods. Patterns of particular endings added to genre, words to indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for expanded information.
CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by specific hereditary classes in a society. Often the use of caste dialect marks the speaker as part of that particular class. For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste. Although the thesis methods attendance two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and conneticut bar exam essays, speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background. CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of speech or an implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and for prevention for poor, metonymy . The results in each case are so unique that it is hard to marathi, state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. It is far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her. For Prevention Methods For Poor Attendance. A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. In spite of that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of a crackerjack box. The image of genre a luxury car hidden as a prize in the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is methods for poor his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in black essay, someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the speaker in these lyrics.
Sometimes the catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on top of thesis for prevention another. Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. Joe will have kittens when he hears this! I will sing victories for you. Othello Tragic. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on the death of his seven-year old son.
The voice of thesis methods for poor your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. Analysis Essays. cummings. For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by for prevention methods for poor attendance, Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Here, the shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for essays a long time. Yeah, the sleight of my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to make one's point. This sort of evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of good catachresis.
Other examples, in thesis for poor attendance, The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an Orc by asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into his own tongue.' One call fall into a pool of water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is all about blind mouths. Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. Conneticut. For instance, one U. S. senator learned of an unlikely political alliance. He is for prevention attendance said to have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of analysis essays a different feather. This abusio is the result of two metaphors. For Prevention For Poor. The first is the what analytical critical essay cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color.
The second is the proverbial metaphor about how birds of a feather flock together. However, by taking the for prevention for poor attendance two dead metaphors and combining them, the resulting image of a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and unlikely the resulting political alliance was. Intentionally or not, the senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned. Purists of essays languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and growls at its enemies. (It would have been better to stick with a single metaphor and state the eye of totalitarianism watches all that goes on thesis methods around it and glares at its enemies. We should leave out the mixed imagery of watchful hands growling at people; it's just stupid and inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for what analytical critical a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for originality.
CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line. For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in for prevention methods for poor attendance, this couplet from A. E. Housman is analysis catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the attendance other hand, in trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the first two lines of Shelley's stanza: Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of poetry containing the expected number of syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected.
CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in highest on gmat, poetry, a catalectic line is for prevention for poor attendance shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from a line. The act of such truncation is called catalexis. If catalexis occurs at the start of tragic hero essay a line, that line is said to for poor attendance, be acephalous or headless. See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is highest on gmat common in epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of thesis methods attendance famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to be lined up in battle and slaughtered. The technique is also common in the practice of giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of y, son of z etc.) for famous individuals. An example in analysis, American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of Song of for prevention Myself. An excerpt appears below:
The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and bar exam essays, cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to methods, the hum of the big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and rye, The lunatic is carried at last to the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.] One of the more humorous examples of on gmat essay cataloging appears in the Welsh Mabinogion . In one tale, Culhwch and Olwen, the protagonist invokes in thesis attendance, an oath all the names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to black essay in english, six pages.
CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in a classical tragedy. Thesis For Prevention Methods. By tradition, the catastrophe occurs in score on gmat essay, the fourth act of the play after the for prevention methods attendance climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the normal charting of the hero essay catastrophe in a plotline. CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the words arranged in each line so that the thesis methods attendance audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the score groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the wording of the thesis methods attendance poem. For example, one might write a song in which the first line contained the words up, the word look appears in the middle of the genre essays third line, the word dress appears in the second line, and the word her appears in for prevention methods attendance, the middle of the fourth line. What Essay. When the song or poem is sung as a round by attendance, four groups of singers, the word order and bar exam essays, timing is arranged so that the singers create the for prevention methods hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of lyrics. Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to bar exam essays, Make Much of Time is an example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the thesis for prevention for poor attendance poem to music for Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from genre, printing; it refers to a trick printers would use to keep pages in their proper order.
The printer would print a specific word below the text at for prevention methods the bottom of a page. This word would match the conneticut essays first word on the next page. A printer could thus check the order by flipping quickly from thesis for prevention for poor attendance, one page to the next and essays marathi, making sure the catchword matched appropriately. This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from tension and anxiety. Thesis Methods Attendance. According to Aristotle, catharsis is the marking feature and ultimate end of any tragic artistic work. He writes in marathi, his Poetics (c. 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is for prevention serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; . . Hero. . Methods For Poor Attendance. through pity [ eleos ] and black money in english, fear [ phobos ] effecting the proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). Thesis. (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of Charles I of England (ruled c. 1625-49) in his struggles with the Puritan-dominated parliament.
The term is used in contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and courtiers. They were famous for essays their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and their support of the arts. See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below. Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to the end of the English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and cultural achievements.
To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the reigns of English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the for prevention methods for poor Queen gave patronage to in the 1630s. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and written in a ponderous style. The Puritan coup d'état and the later execution of King Charles mercifully terminated the dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and what is an critical, wrote during his reign and who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies.
The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick. They largely abandoned the for prevention for poor sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and essays students, sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Cuddon put it (125). Thesis Methods Attendance. They show strong signs of Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is a nickname for a gathering of Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in othello essay, the 1930s before the for prevention attendance Inklings formed. As Drout's J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the details, the name comes from I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of othello hero Adullam became the place for David's conpiracies against King Saul, possibly implying that the members of the Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the academic establishment. Members of the Cave included C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and Cleanth Brooks. They were distinguished scholars of various fields.
Eventually, in 1933, C.S. Lewis's brother Warnie retired to for prevention methods for poor attendance, Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. Othello Tragic. C.S. Lewis took it upon himself to raid the Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in Drout 88). Cf. Methods For Poor. Inklings and Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and othello tragic hero, several of their fellows debate the nature of ideal government.
In the section on education in this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of thesis methods for poor attendance education. As part of Socrates' argument, the critical essay discussion veers into for prevention, an allegory in which human existence is being trapped in a cave of ignorance, chained in place and unable to view anything except shadows cast on the wall. Some of those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of education becomes freeing the imprisoned human and forcing him to leave the cave, to look at the actual objects that make the bar exam essays shadows. Cf.
Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to the Greek text, interpreting the cave as the material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of a greater spiritual truths--hidden and thesis for poor attendance, eternal beyond the physical world. C. S. Lewis coopts this idea in black money in english, The Last Battle , in which the for prevention for poor characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and the further they travel in the onion ring, the larger and more beautiful and more true the highest score essay inner rings become. CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . The voice of the ghost comes from this area in Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the for poor attendance ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. Celtic languages are geographically linked to western Europe, and they come in two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic). CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in black essay in english, Welsh, Scottish, and Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. Thesis Methods. It began in the late 1700s and continues to this day. Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and analysis essays, Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in 1839 marks its continued rise.
Matthew Arnold's lectures on Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the foundation of a Chair of Celtic at that school in 1877. The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and thesis for poor attendance, W. B. Genre. Yeats, and probably led to the creation of the Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on a tombstone or monument, often in the form of methods for poor a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the black money essay deceased individual's name and date of methods for poor attendance birth/death. Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of art or writing so that general public access to it is partially or completely limited. Contrast with bowdlerization.
Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail. The term originates in an occupational position in score on gmat essay, the Roman government. After the fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. These censors at first were limited to conducting the census for thesis attendance tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to impose moral standards for citizenship, including the removal of unsavory literature. See also the students marathi Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of methods for poor public plays and all printed materials in matters of religion and the government. The Master of Revels was appointed to what essay, monitor and control such material. All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. For Prevention For Poor. We can see signs of alteration in his early works to conform to the requirements of the censors. Contrast with the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be).
This mythic creature has gone through a number of allegorical transformations in conneticut bar exam essays, different literary periods. Thesis For Prevention Attendance. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and genre, violence. Thesis For Prevention Methods. Their lineage traces them to Centaurus, the twin brother of King Lapithes. Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the offspring of Apollo and black, a river nymph named Stilbe. Stilbe gave birth to twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and methods for poor, deformed. What Is An Analytical Critical Essay. Unable to thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance, find a woman willing to marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and money, attempted to abduct the bride and bridesmaids. For Poor Attendance. The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and wall-painting, and it helped cement the Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the centaur myth.
One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of what is an analytical critical hypocrisy. After pews gradually become common in for poor attendance, late medieval churches near the turn of the Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in a pew so that only the human-looking upper half of the body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and paintings tended to on gmat, depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and tritagonists that heroes would encounter on thesis for prevention for poor attendance their quests. Among the essays marathi Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. Lewis in particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into a private symbol for spiritual and bodily perfection. Thesis Methods. Lewis saw the upward human half of a centaur as being an black in english emblem of reason and nobility, and the lower half being an emblem of natural biological or animal passions. Thus, the centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the material body and methods, the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the conneticut essays fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in methods for poor attendance, the allegory of the score on gmat charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the methods attendance two main branches of Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the what analytical essay sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the universe common in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.
The Great Chain of thesis for prevention methods attendance Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the bar exam essays Judeo-Christian God at for prevention methods attendance the top of the chain and essays, inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. Intermediate beings and for prevention methods for poor, objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and plants, were arrayed in descending order of intelligence, authority, and capability between these two extremes. The Chain of Being was seen as designed by God. The idea of the highest score on gmat Chain of Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and methods for poor attendance, philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Black Essay. It takes on particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to correspond to each other. (See correspondences .) Click here for more information. CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Thesis Methods For Poor Attendance. Conventionally, the chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at the end. They were usually dedicated or devoted to a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition. CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and othello tragic, fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and thesis, their feudal lords.
The chansons de geste combine history and legend . They focus on religious aspects of money in english chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against thesis for poor their lords in acts of betrayal. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by assonance and stanzas of varying length. The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by far the most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in dialogue form. Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation.
The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and what they do ( action ). E. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and unchanging over the course of the narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and tragic hero essay, change during the attendance course of the narrative). The main character of a work of a fiction is typically called the black essay in english protagonist ; the thesis for prevention for poor attendance character against whom the protagonist struggles or contends (if there is one), is the tragic hero essay antagonist . If a single secondary character aids the protagonist throughout the methods for poor narrative, that character is the deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). Marathi. A character of tertiary importance is a tritagonist . These terms originate in thesis attendance, classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the role of protagonist, a baritone the role of deuteragonist, and a bass would play the tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of essays description, dialogue, dialect, and thesis methods attendance, action to create in the reader an emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to essays students, make the character more vivid and realistic. Careful readers note each character's attitude and thesis for prevention methods for poor, thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the highest score sweet-natured Candy in Of Mice and Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion).
These names are all simple charactonyms. Cf. Thesis For Poor. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of four lines--usually epigrammatic and humorous and nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists. Chastushki on political topics became more common in the 20th century. Essay. Most modern examples rhyme and use regular trochaic meter, though in the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and for poor, new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the sounds, the feel, and verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and standardizing spelling first suggested by Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography. Highest On Gmat Essay. Cheke would double vowels to indicate a long sound. For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Thesis. Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and an i used in its place (Baugh 209). It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the highest author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. It involves taking parallelism and thesis for prevention attendance, deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern.
For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: By day the frolic, and the dance by night . If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an x (hence the word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x): The sequence is score on gmat essay typically a b b a or a b c c b a . Thesis For Prevention Methods Attendance. I lead the life I love ; I love the life I lead . Naked I rose from the earth ; to the grave I fall clothed . Bar Exam Essays. Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in Philippians 1:15-17 and Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is often lost in English translation. Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and thesis for poor attendance, twenty-first-century writings and poetry by Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. Essays Students Marathi. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the thesis for prevention methods adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in students, reference to male authors and thesis, an -a suffix in reference to female authors. Cf. Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of military and social behavior for the aristocracy in the late medieval period. The word chivalry comes from Old French cheval (horse), and chivalry literally means horsemanship. Normally, only conneticut rich nobility could afford the expensive armor, weaponry, and warhorses necessary for mounted combat, so the methods for poor act of becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the knight silver spurs. The right to knighthood in the late medieval period was inherited through the father, but it could also be granted by the king or a lord as a reward for services.
The tenets of chivalry attempted to bar exam essays, civilize the brutal activity of thesis for prevention attendance warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and helpless prisoners; the protection of the church; honesty in word and bravery in deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in arms supervised by witnesses and heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and feudalism . See knight for additional information. This code became of great popular interest to British readers in the 1800s, leading to a surge of historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of analysis essays medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the for poor King . In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the analytical critical essay ideals of knighthood thus: I made them lay their hands in mine and swear.
To reverence the King, as if he were. Their conscience, and their conscience as their King. To break the thesis methods for poor attendance heathen and uphold the othello tragic Christ, To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her, And worship her by years of noble deeds, Until they won her.
For the best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of thesis methods for poor attendance a play in classical Greece. Essays. Often this sponsor was honored by serving as the thesis for prevention leader of the chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in any type of narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in drama by remaining detached from the main action and commenting upon or explaining this action to students marathi, the audience. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the for prevention methods principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. In ancient Greece, the chorus was originally a group of male singers and dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and dramatic performances by othello tragic, singing commenting on the deeds of the characters and interpreting the significance of the events within the for prevention methods attendance play. This group contrasts with the actors (Greek hypocrites ). Hero Essay. Shakespeare alters the traditional chorus by thesis methods attendance, replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in nature.
For instance, Time comes on stage in The Winter's Tale to explain the passing years. Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to conneticut, summarize the gossip about Prince Hal. See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Sometimes the plots are overtly focused on methods this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of lower literary quality than the canon of othello tragic great novels in Western civilization.
Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Lloyd C. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in for prevention, the Father's omniscience or suffered from human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in authority and power to the other persons in essays, the trinity, and whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of thesis for prevention methods attendance spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ. Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from is an analytical, his palms and attendance, lying on the floor in a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the tribe of highest score essay Judah to be slain in methods attendance, order to redeem a traitorous child; and highest score, the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in methods for poor, a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an allegory of Christ allowing himself to enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in money, Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to support her ungrateful husband and methods, crawled over the earth in Gethsemane and up the rocks of genre analysis essays Calvary many, many times . Thesis For Prevention For Poor Attendance. . . and so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events. It refers to any systematic account or narration of othello events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the for prevention methods for poor attendance writer has heard. Is An Analytical Critical Essay. In biblical literature, the book of Chronicles is for prevention methods for poor attendance one example of a chronicle. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the othello tragic essay Crusades and Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain , a source for for prevention for poor much Arthurian legend.
In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare. Chronicles were popular in highest score essay, England after the methods for poor British defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the public's demand for plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in the form of is an analytical essay annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Lewis's term for what he describes as the uncritical acceptance of . . For Prevention. . the genre essays assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and thesis methods attendance, that current or present ideas are superior to othello hero, them, the myth that all change is beneficial progress. Lewis initially felt torn between his love of medieval literature and the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of touch with the 20th century, and he felt depressed to think the fictions of the past as beautiful lies. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and thesis methods attendance, Lewis states Barfield made short work of what is an analytical critical my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45).
CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to the dead, the grave, the methods underworld, or the fertility of the earth. In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of genre analysis large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Hercules, who were often worshipped only in local shrines or at for prevention methods specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and score essay, Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of methods for poor attendance vengeance like the Furies and black money essay, Nemesis, and (d) (especially in Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the thesis for prevention methods for poor living and the subterranean realm of the dead. This is why snakes were so prominent in the healing cults of Aesclepius. It became common in Greek to speak of the Olympian in highest score, contrast to the cthonioi (those belonging to the earth). See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into civil courts that tried public offenses and ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against thesis for prevention methods the church. Score. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to thesis for poor, appear before the church and receive sentence. By the fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the individuals summoned to court. Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and rhyme scheme, possibly of medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Most modern cinquains are now based on othello tragic essay the form standardized by thesis for prevention methods, an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of 22 syllables. Here is probably the most famous example of essays a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things:
The falling snow. the hour. Before the dawn. the mouth of one. Perhaps under the influence of diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of conventions to the cinquain in which each line has a specific structural requirement: Line 1 - Consists of the attendance two-syllable title or subject for conneticut the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions.
Line 4 - Consists of four words totaling eight syllables giving the for poor attendance writer's opinion of the subject. Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions. CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of artistic structure in which a sense of genre analysis completeness or closure does not originate in coming to a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the sense of closure originates in the way the end of thesis for prevention methods for poor a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem. An example of analysis essays circular structure might be The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, which ends with an ellipsis identical to the opening sequence, indicating that the middle-aged protagonist is engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the same words that open the thesis attendance speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Conneticut Bar Exam. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in its concluding repetition of the opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and for poor attendance, I was a fish, but it is also thematically circular, in that it implies the cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and again in spite of death. Score Essay. In many ways, the thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the reader away from the larger, encompassing narrative and essays marathi, concludes by returning the reader to for prevention methods attendance, that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of bar exam writing primarily by its political context and progressive ideas.
They commonly wrote in oposition to thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance, the aesthetic theories of the Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Example critics include Belinski (active in the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and Chernyshevski. CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to another. Is An Critical. For instance, the word fruition in Middle English meant enjoyment. In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the methods word fruit --hence the idea of conneticut bar exam essays ripeness, of growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is thesis methods for poor attendance usually used in what critical, reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and methods, history surrounding the analysis Greeks and Romans between 1000 BCE and methods, 410 BCE. Works created during the essay Greco-Roman period are often called classics . The Golden Age of Classical Greek culture is commonly held to be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and revered writing or artwork from a specific culture; thus we refer to Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Arabic works. For extended discussion, click here.
To download a PDF handout placing the periods of methods for poor literary history in order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for the hokku , the predecessor of the what analytical critical essay modern haiku . See hokku and haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is thesis for prevention methods any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb. The term clause contrasts with the black money essay term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and for prevention, it might contain verb-like words in the form of participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is known as an independent clause . If the clause cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is said to be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and examples, click here. For a discusion of clauses according to othello tragic hero essay, functional type, click here ( TBA).
CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in attendance, irregular meter, usually about a famous person from history or literature. Typically the othello tragic hero essay historical person's name forms one of the rhymes. The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor. He supposedly had a habit of scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at school, including this one from his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in thesis methods for poor, the odium. Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Score. Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature.
Click here to download a PDF handout for more information. Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in poetry include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. They include love and attendance, dove , moon and analytical, June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in for prevention attendance, Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by clucking the tongue or drawing in air with the tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . Essays. Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by inserting an exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click. For instance, the thesis methods attendance !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of black its name. CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in films, magazines, or serially published novels) in thesis for prevention methods, which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the next film or read the next installment to find out what happens. The term comes from the essay common 1930's film-endings in which the main characters are literally left hanging on the edge of a cliff until the story resumes.
The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in which the outcome remains uncertain until the last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for thesis for prevention for poor attendance ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved. It is also the genre peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in the action. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the crisis of a story, though some critics use the thesis for poor two terms synonymously. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to essays, an artistic arrangement of a list of items so that they appear in a sequence of increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information. The opposite of climax is for poor attendance bathos . CLIP : To form a word by abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by the same process. For instance, the word auto (as in highest essay, auto shop) is a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of literature carefully, bit by bit, in order to thesis methods attendance, analyze the significance of every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for more information. The term is sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and tragic hero essay, critical reading as a reference for breaking down an essay's argument logically. Cf. critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to thesis methods, the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of lines within a genre of poetry.
Examples of a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and sonnets , which have set numbers of syllables, lines, and traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. First, it means a sense of completion or finality at the conclusion of is an analytical critical play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Methods Attendance. Frequently, this sort of closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the actors in highest on gmat, a play take a bow). The narrative may reveal the for prevention attendance solution of the primary problem(s) driving the plot, the death of a major character (especially the antagonist, the protagonist's romantic interest or even the what analytical protagonist herself), or careful denouement . For Poor Attendance. An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in highest essay, George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the author carefully explains what happened in later years to each character in the novel. Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by an author. Thesis For Prevention. For instance, in J. Analysis. R. R. Thesis Methods For Poor Attendance. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , much of the conneticut bar exam essays closure to the saga comes from the for poor departure of the elves and wizards, who sail across the sea, leaving the world of human men and women forever, an act which apparently causes magic to fade. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by having major characters find love-interests and declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of black literature and poetry may achieve closure by circular structure , in which the poem or story ends by coming back to the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at the beginning of the for prevention attendance tale. See discussion under denouement . Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the tragic hero essay audience's sense of closure. Examples of thesis methods for poor literature that reject conventions of closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in money essay, an attempt to gain returning audiences.
Many postmodern narratives influenced by thesis for prevention for poor, existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and artificial in comparison with the essays students complexities of human living. Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to imply the reduction of a work's meanings to a single and complete sense that excludes the claims of other interpretations. For extended discussion of for prevention methods attendance closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of An Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001. CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. Examples of this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and other Shakespearean characters. Genre Analysis Essays. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and who sings songs or tells riddles and jokes at thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to speak on nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay. Examples of this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool. Cf. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in essay, Middle English times, the term cockney was a derogatory term for a dumb city-dweller. It comes from cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the wrong gender to methods attendance, lay an egg. By Renaissance times, the word was applied to score on gmat essay, those living in the Bow Bells area of London in Cheapside, a working class district.
Today, the term implies most strongly the spoken dialect of that area. Cockney dialect tends to thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance, be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of t -glottalization. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to conneticut, spoken English in the southeast of Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and thesis, Cockney, and recent dialect shift that appears to be spreading across the island. See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of slang in which the speaker substitutes one word in a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the genre implied word--but which leaves out the actual, final rhyming part. This wordplay is associated with the dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of London's East End. The resulting sentence is baffling for thesis for prevention methods outsiders unfamiliar with the tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to conneticut bar exam, Cockney speakers. For examples, instead of stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Thesis For Prevention For Poor Attendance. Here, the phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for legs in essays, the sentence, but deletes the final rhyming part of the phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and patterns of one language to another--often in mid-sentence.
An example sentence to thesis for prevention methods for poor, illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to death in a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the othello essay first place, the for prevention methods for poor attendance commander who runs his troops and his attendants to death in a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?] Although the term code-switching is one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in literature. The character of Salvatori the monk in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in essays, code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for instance. Thesis Attendance. Code-switching is a common feature in Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Cf. Othello. dog-latin and macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts.
COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to some degree in sound and thesis, meaning, (2) come from a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other. Tragic. For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to methods for poor, Latin. The Latin word unus (one) later became the root for a number of essays words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish). Une and uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of languages--but unus is the root or ancestor for these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. Cognates play an important part in reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages. The amateur philologist should be cautious of thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. False cognates are words that happen to black, have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of how a word came into existence. Typically, the originator of the error hears or reads an unfamiliar word.
The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the strange word to a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon sound similarities. Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of methods their morphology, but in terms of their meaning, the othello tragic hero words have drifted apart from each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to for prevention for poor attendance, a collective group of individuals or individual items. What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural. Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the modifier rather than the headword for singular versus plural structure. For instance, Some of the the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is marathi done uses a singular verb. COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and for prevention, recurring situations dealing with the fundamental facts of human life) passed along to each generation to the next in folklore and stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to those our ancestors faced. Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of powerful shared images and what, symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons.
See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to combine with each other. For instance, Algeo notes that the phrases tall person and high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange. Methods. A non-native speaker might talk about a high person or tall mountain, and this construction might sound slightly odd to a native English speaker. The difference is in money essay in english, collocation. COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in attendance, plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in formal writing. (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .) COLONIAL PERIOD : American and British historians use this term somewhat differently.
American scholars usually use the term colonial period to refer to critical, the years in the American colonies before the American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to thesis for prevention for poor attendance, 1787 (when Congress ratified the Federal Constitution). This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in England and continues up through the end of the conneticut essays Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and thesis methods for poor, Anne Bradstreet. See also Neoclassic . Conneticut Essays. Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the term, they sometimes tend to apply the word colonial in more general reference to the British expansions into the Americas, the for prevention Indies, India, Africa, and the Middle-East over the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. Tragic Hero. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to the habit of for prevention methods for poor attendance powerful civilizations to colonize less powerful ones.
On the obvious level, this process can take the form of a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at hero gun-point, or forced assimilation of native peoples. On a more subtle level, this process can take the methods for poor form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to conneticut bar exam, the extinction of a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of cheap labor, and globalistic erasure of cultural differences. The term is thesis attendance often applied in academic discussion of essays literature from the colonial period. We can see the concerns of colonialism and imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an Elephant, in Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about thesis methods attendance, India, and in Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of hero essay Darkness . See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of merrimakers): In the original meaning of the word, comedy referred to a genre of drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Later, in medieval and Renaissance use, the for prevention for poor attendance word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in which the main characters manage to avert an impending disaster and have a happy ending. The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in tone. It is only in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of essays students humor arose. See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Absurd , Comedy of Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of human existence. A famous example is thesis attendance Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Cf. existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of stereotypical types of people, each character having the physiological and behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in is an, the human body.
The majority of the cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and others, show signs of having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters. In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in thesis, whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to hide the blame for such an action. Marathi. In ancient Greece, the ax or dagger used in for prevention methods for poor, a sacrifice might be put on trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to volunteer by shaking its head or by walking up to the altar to eat the grain sitting on it. The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf. Exodus 19:12-13 and marathi, Judges 11:30-40). In America, we see remnants of the comedy of thesis for prevention methods innocence in highest on gmat essay, customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the custom of granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by later generations to erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the practice of human sacrifice in methods attendance, earlier times. For instance, a number of genre analysis essays local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into for poor, the sea where they are magically transformed into money essay, sea-gods.
Given the relative insignificance of these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on for prevention as animistic spirits. Another common version of the comedy of innocence is the motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is highest score on gmat essay miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. For example, in some Greek myths, Iphigenia is thesis for prevention for poor attendance replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage. Phrixus gets whisked to safety by a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in the young boy's place. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Marathi. Scholars of for prevention for poor mythology often see the dozens of such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in the comedy of innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of five or three acts in which the attitudes and customs of essays a society are critiqued and satirized according to high standards of intellect and morality. The dialogue is usually clever and sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to their linguistic and intellectual prowess. It is the opposite of the slapstick humor found in a farce or in a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the eighteenth-century ballad operas, in which new or original music is composed specially for the lyrics. Thesis For Poor. (This contrasts with the ballad opera , in which the lyrics were set to genre analysis, pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of thesis for prevention for poor attendance dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Comic relief is deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the action.
Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of comic relief in the form of a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice. What Analytical Critical Essay. The demon initially terrified Dante, but the thesis for prevention attendance narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in which Dante and score, Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the thesis for prevention for poor center of the students marathi earth's gravity, at which point Dante is confused by thesis for prevention methods attendance, the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is highest score beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in which an adolescent protagonist comes to adulthood by a process of experience and disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by thesis methods, this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , and Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . Highest On Gmat. The most famous examples are in German. In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in which groups of men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in exchange for food, mead, and heriot , the loan of fine armor and weaponry. The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to fight for their lord in battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to methods for poor, outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the functional military and government unit of early Anglo-Saxon society. Is An. The term was first coined by the classical historian Tacitus when he described the thesis for prevention methods attendance Germanic tribes north of is an essay Rome.
COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of Italian farce from the sixteenth-century characterized by stock characters , stock situations, and spontaneous dialogue. Typically, the for prevention methods for poor attendance plot is an intrigue plot and it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the rigid constraints of their parents. In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is a primary figure in the work. Money Essay. Often there is a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to methods attendance, the anguish of the young lovers. Genre. In the end, the couple achieves a happy marriage.
Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of Windsor , and Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the lines of iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables). This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and it is occasionally referred to as ballad measure. Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is divinest Sense-- To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the for poor attendance Majority. A fun and simple test to recognize common measure in poetry is to othello, take a stanza and try singing it aloud to a well-known tune written in common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the Rising Sun. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for an eponym--a common word that is derived from the proper name of a person or place. For instance, the sandwich gained its name from its inventor, the fourth Earl of Sandwich.
The word lynch comes from Captain William Lynch, who led bands of vigilantes to hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County. The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the practices of conscription common in the oriental city of Shanghai. The word stentorian comes from the loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and herculean comes from the for prevention for poor muscle-bound Hercules, and analysis, so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in Old Irish literature that detail the conception and birth of a hero. Examples include the thesis for prevention Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Cú Chulainn ). Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the Druid Cathbad's seduction of othello tragic hero essay Nessa after prophesying what the hour would be lucky for (begetting a king upon a queen!) or the visitation of a god like Lug to a woman who then becomes pregnant after the divine visitation.
The birth-tale in general is not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Examples outside of Irish literature include the birth of Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance, the First Branch of The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for money a tragedy. By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and closure necessary to satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is one mythologists use to describe the fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and medieval European legends in which the beast is composed of the body-parts of various animals. For instance, in Greek mythology, the chimera has the thesis for prevention methods for poor body of a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of money essay in english a bat, and thesis for prevention attendance, a goat-head, a lion-head, and a serpent's head.
Likewise, the sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and breasts; the students centaur has a horse's body and human torso and a human head where the thesis horse-head should be; the critical minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and the harpy has an avian body and methods attendance, a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Students. Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head). In the medieval period, composite monsters include the formecolion, with an for prevention attendance ant's body and a lion's head; the mermaid, with a human top and a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and a serpent. Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in the legends of classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in favor after the Renaissance. Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to create composite monsters. Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is lost in translation; the encounter of fossil remnants of extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and misassembled; and the heraldic practice of dimidiation , in which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on his father's and money in english, mother's coats of arms combine them into a composite creature to illustrate his genealogy. An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and methods attendance, a human trade bodies and is an critical essay, heads. Cf. therianthropic and theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in for prevention methods for poor attendance, a Renaissance print shop. To speed the printing process, most of essays Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by multiple compositors. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in spelling and punctuation.
They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by attendance, selecting the wrong piece from the type case or by setting the correct letter upside-down (1141). COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to highest on gmat essay, describe the creation of thesis for poor attendance a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the students word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and stuff. However, Germanic languages and Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to creating new words this way. Thousands of English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and so on. However, poets regular invent neologisms by compounding to create artificial words of their own. Even Chaucer engaged in this trick, coining the word newfangled from the English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to fashion. See neologism , blending , and kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to trial by ordeal , compurgation was the medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence.
A man accused of a crime would publicly swear to his innocence. The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to to collect a number of oath-helpers who would also swear to his innocence (or at least his good character). If he was unable to find the required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by methods, ordeal. If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the critical procedure could be reversed, and the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. For Prevention Attendance. Before the essay in english beginning of the seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for thought and thesis, roughly equivalent to essays students, idea or concept. It gradually came to for prevention methods for poor, denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark. Conneticut Bar Exam Essays. In literary terms, the word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and methods for poor attendance, oxymora . One of the analysis essays most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in thesis methods for poor attendance, which Donne compares two souls in love to the points on essays a geometer's compass. For Prevention Methods Attendance. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in his poetry. In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to two buckets in a well, for instance.
A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the five senses as opposed to black money in english, using abstract or generalized language. For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is thesis methods concrete . Genre Analysis Essays. The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from century to century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in for prevention for poor attendance, his 1595 treatise, Apologie for Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the generality of abstract thought. In the early 1800s, the money Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the 20th century, the distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate. Thesis Methods Attendance. Ezra Pound and T. E. Hulme attempted to othello hero essay, create a theory of concrete poetry. For Prevention. T. S. Eliot added to this school of thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of its power from the genre essays way the text appears situated on thesis for prevention for poor attendance the page. The actual shape of the lines of text may create a swan's neck, an highest on gmat altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of wings, which in thesis for poor, some direct way connects to tragic essay, the meaning of the methods words. Also called shaped poetry and othello tragic, visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above).
The object here is to present each poem as a different shape. It may appear on thesis methods for poor attendance the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety. Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and conneticut essays, the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at Sào Paulo in 1956. In Germany, this school of poetry is called konkretisten by critics. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and Rühm. Since World War II, further experimentation in concrete poetry has taken place by British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the text from more than one substantive edition. For Poor Attendance. For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of highest score King Lear published since the 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and First Folio editions of the original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the thesis for prevention for poor attendance protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and so on.
Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the subject of the human heart in conflict with itself. Essays. Conflict is the engine that drives a plot. Examples of narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to death in Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in a lifeboat struggle to stay alive and get to shore). Examples of for prevention methods narratives driven by conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in which King Arthur faces off against his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. Examples of narratives driven by internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at once. For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of conflict is the unseen struggle between Othello and essays students marathi, the machinations of Iago, who seeks to destroy him. For Prevention Methods. Another level of conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and his suspicions that Desdemona is black money cheating on him.
CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. The five classics include the thesis for prevention for poor attendance I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the Shu Ching ( The Book of analysis essays History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and Autumn Annals . Methods. To see where this material fits in an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to sing in English and genre essays, cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary. For instance, the terms civil war , revolution and rebellion have the thesis for prevention methods attendance same denotation; they all refer to othello tragic essay, an attempt at social or political change.
However, civil war carries historical connotations for methods attendance Americans beyond that of revolution or rebellion . Likewise, revolution is often applied more generally to scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers). In the same way, the words house and home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and othello tragic, personal possession in a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to others, but I might call none of these my home , for example. Much of poetry involves the poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the words simply say. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of alliteration in which the repeated pattern of consonants is for prevention for poor marked by changes in what, the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ.
As M. H. For Prevention Methods For Poor Attendance. Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below). See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. To download a PDF file listing consonants and their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to indicate habitual or frequent action. Highest On Gmat. This grammatical structure is characteristic of Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. Users of standard edited English typically frown on this grammatical formation.
CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. Although the writers in every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of a small circle of friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication. Sometimes, the author does this; in methods attendance, other cases, later editors do this posthumously. Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and literary comrades.
Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and Oronooko appear to have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain. CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an essays author creates within the context of an methods attendance individual work or an author's collected works. Examples include the Snopes family in othello hero, Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the thesis methods for poor attendance South's moral decay, or the town of Castle Rock, Maine, which in Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to the nature of a crime. Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is essays marathi based. For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the A-text, the B-text, and attendance, the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested). These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and different spelling; they do not all contain the same passages and do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to use as the basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the essays students marathi quarto and for poor, folio versions--including Hamlet and othello essay, King Lear . In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition).
CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of thesis literature or film. In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to what is an essay, focus on a male and thesis for prevention methods, female character who struggle through misunderstandings and students marathi, difficulties until they fall in thesis methods for poor attendance, love. In western films of the early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for highest on gmat protagonists to wear white hats and antagonists to methods for poor attendance, wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from score essay, place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of hunger and the elements, is a convention in medieval romances. It is a convention for an English sonnet to have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on. The use of a chorus and for prevention methods for poor, the unities are dramatic conventions of Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and the soliloquy are conventions in analysis, Elizabethan tragedy. Conventions are often referred to for prevention for poor attendance, as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon whether the convention appears in a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an essay in english arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by some natural law or genetic inheritance.
Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance, grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an event from the Bible, such as the is an story of Adam and for prevention methods for poor, Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and conneticut, so on. The word is derived from the thesis for prevention attendance religious festival of Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). See also cycle and black in english, mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the medieval and Renaissance model of the universe known as the Chain of Being. The idea was that different links on the Chain of Being were interconnected and thesis for poor, had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to othello tragic hero essay, each other. Each type of thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God. Each type of money object had a primate , which was by nature the most noble, rare, valuable, and superb example of its type. For instance, the king was primate among men, the thesis for prevention methods lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the oak among trees, and tragic, the diamond among rocks. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the lion being a symbol of royalty, or the thesis for prevention methods attendance king sleeping in a bed of oak.
This symbolic link was a correspondence. However, correspondences were thought to exist in the material world as well as in the world of ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and beasts to fall sick, rebellions to break out in the kingdom, individuals to develop headaches or fevers, and stars to fall from the sky. All of these events could correspond to each other on the chain of being, and each would coincide with the others. For more information about correspondences and the Chain of Being, click here.
COSMIC IRONY : Another term for situational irony--especially situational irony connected to on gmat, a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for the elevator-shoes worn by thesis for prevention attendance, important actors on tragic hero stage. See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the methods most important collections of Old and Middle English texts. Click here for details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and othello essay, the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the methods East , and The Letter of Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and the Old English translation of Judith . Click here for details. COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of analysis essays a piece of writing by thesis for prevention methods, counting the students numbers of words in paragraphs or sentences, and determining the average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and so on.
COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to form a complete unit. Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the form in English poetry in the fourteenth century. An especially popular form in thesis methods, later years was the heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. It was popular from the 1600s through the black late 1700s. Much Romantic poetry in the early 1800s used the couplet as well. A couplet that occurs after the thesis attendance volta in an English sonnet is is an called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ). COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of love is an assemblage of women presided over by a queen or noblewoman. At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to for prevention for poor, court and black money, put on trial by thesis for prevention for poor attendance, the ladies for their crimes against love. These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and so on. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to a court of love for his libelous depiction of Criseyde in Troilus and Criseyde , and Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes.
In The Wife of Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the normal play-acting in which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Here, the women literally have power of life or death over the subject. Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of love in essays students marathi, his medieval writings, and more recent scholars such as C. S. For Prevention For Poor. Lewis ( The Allegory of Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the convention at length. Cf. Analysis. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of behavior that gave rise to modern ideas of thesis for poor attendance chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by C. S. What Is An Critical. Lewis' and Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles. The conventions of courtly love are that a knight of for prevention methods attendance noble blood would adore and genre analysis essays, worship a young noble-woman from afar, seeking to protect her honor and win her favor by thesis for prevention attendance, valorous deeds.
He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him. Students Marathi. Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in for prevention methods for poor, fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the one or both participants were married to another noble who was unloved; and (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the passion should never be consummated due to social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by essays students marathi, selfish carnal desires or political concerns of thesis for poor arranged marriages. In spite of this ideal of chastity, the knightly characters in literature usually end up giving in to their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and Guenevere's fate, or that of what is an critical essay Tristan and Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and attendance, Italian literature as well. The German equivalent of fin amour is Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of courtly love eventually becomes a source of parody. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and students marathi, Chretien de Troyes satirizes the conventions in his courtly literature as well. Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and for prevention attendance, Shakespeare's sonnets.
These sonnets often emphasize in students marathi, particular the thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance idea of love from afar and unrequited love, and make use of imagery and wording common to the earlier French tradition. In terms of whether or not practices of courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into othello hero, schools of thesis for prevention attendance thought, as William Kibler notes. The first group, the so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the time reproduces this realistically. The opposing school, the so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and essays, wishes on medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is a folk motif in which the position of methods for poor attendance a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into bed with the wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale.
In the is an Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. 1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to thesis methods for poor attendance, shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader. For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the tragic hero essay traits of multiple languages, i.e., an advanced and fully developed pidgin. In the American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of African tribes sharing no common language. On the thesis for prevention plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of English with heavy Portuguese and African influences. This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and black money, with their slave masters. In time, they lost their original African languages and methods for poor, the mixed speech became the native tongue of their children--a creole. Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . Conneticut. See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and tension resulting from earlier conflict in a plot.
At the moment of thesis for prevention methods crisis in a story, it is unclear if the protagonist will succeed or fail in his struggle. The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the students marathi climax of thesis attendance a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and logic in order to determine the validity of an genre argument. Often this term is for prevention methods used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to reserve close reading for the artistic analysis of literature. Click here for more information about critical reading. Cf. close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the known variations of hero essay a particular text. The apparatus often appears running along the bottom of each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and often incorporates editorial footnotes and glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to students unfamiliar with the formulaic abbreviations in thesis for prevention methods attendance, scholarly use.
For instance, below is an illustrative notation from A. V. C. Schmidt's criticus apparatus for Passus I, line 1, of the Everyman edition of William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14: Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF. Bar Exam Essays. RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in thirteen of the surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation. Furthermore, the opening line in manuscripts W and r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the B and R manuscripts label it in a combination of French and Latin, and so on. For Prevention For Poor. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by essays students marathi, gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at a glance, but the editor presumes the reader knows the dense, standardized abbreviations involved in this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in three slightly different forms.
The most widespread version Poe had published by Smith Publishing early in his career. Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death. Last of all, a third unpolished version survives in methods, Poe's own handwritten notes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and select what they consider the highest on gmat best text. For Prevention Methods Attendance. However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and analytical, unannotated; that would effectively erase them from history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and indicate alternatives. The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six. Thesis For Prevention For Poor. The version by Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in the same spot. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml). This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu.
Wm. scrawled in that line. Now, a modern scholar wants to publish an authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. This modern editor chooses to emend the line to marathi, a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. For Prevention Methods For Poor. The criticus apparatus at the bottom of the page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu. Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. Marathi. The words before the bracket ] show readers that the thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance editor considers the preceding version the on gmat best text for a modern reader--or at for poor least the version the editor has chosen for conneticut bar exam essays his edition. The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the thesis methods for poor attendance known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced. This process is especially pertinent in classical and medieval studies, since in the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings.
For instance, in the case of The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. In the case of Chaucer, about 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings. Conneticut Bar Exam Essays. In the case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in thesis, the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in highest essay, the line allows a poet to use rhymes in the middle of the thesis attendance line as well as at the end of each line. Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the world has grown grey from Thy breath ; We have drunken of things Lethean , and fed on the fullness of death . Laurel is genre green for thesis for prevention methods attendance a season , and what analytical critical, love is thesis for prevention methods sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the conneticut essays words in red are part of methods attendance crossed rhyme, and the words in green are regular rhyme. Crossed rhyme is also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of seven sonnets in which the last line of each of the essays students first six serves as the last line of the for prevention for poor attendance next, and the last line of the seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the first sonnet. Highest Score. All other rhymes are used once only in the collection of the thesis for prevention for poor entire seven sonnets. An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the what is an analytical critical structure is much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in structure but consists of 15 rather than 7 sonnets in total, but which follows the same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in methods attendance, pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by half-breed cultists.
These aliens were invented and popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times. Currently in a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to rise from the othello tragic underwater city of R'lyeh and for prevention, plunge the earth once more into darkness and terror. Essays. August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to thesis methods for poor attendance, describe collectively the settings, themes, and othello tragic hero, alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley. Some common elements, motifs, and characters of the mythos include the following: CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Methods For Poor Attendance. Examples of cultural symbols in Western culture include the marathi cross as a symbol of Christianity, the thesis for prevention for poor attendance American flag as a symbol of America's colonial history of thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of marital commitment, the Caduceus as a symbol of medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning.
Examples of cultural symbols in other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the genre analysis essays Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of oppositional forces in balance, the white crane as a symbol of longevity in Mandarin China, and so forth. Any writer in a specific culture could use one of these symbols and be relatively confident that the reader would understand what each symbol represented. Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is likely the reader would understand this action represents the way the priest tramples Christian ideals, and so forth. Methods Attendance. Contrast with contextual symbol and archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in popularity in the 1980s and 1990s. Conneticut Bar Exam. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and attendance, features of those works produced by the cyberpunk school. Features of their novels and short stories in this period include the following motifs: Common themes include the dehumanization, commodification, and analytical critical essay, mechanization of the individual; the negative effects of commercialization upon society; and methods for poor, implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and sensory reality. Students Marathi. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and thesis methods for poor attendance, Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to conneticut bar exam essays, be almost cliché . The metaverse or the Net imagined by these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. Thesis For Prevention Methods. Examples of novels, anthologies, short stories, and highest on gmat essay, other literary works from the cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in the Net , and Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into an awful film that bears little similarity to for prevention methods attendance, the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is conneticut bar exam essays any group of thesis methods for poor closely related works. We speak of the Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for instance.
These refer collectively to is an, many poems and stories written by various artists over several centuries. Methods. These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the legends of King Charlemagne respectively. Essays Marathi. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to the complete set of mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in methods attendance, medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of which depicted a specific event in biblical history from the creation of the world to essays, the last judgment). The major English cycles of mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and Chester cycles. See Corpus Christi play , above. Thesis For Poor. See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry.
The octave stanza consists two quatrains of four lines with five, five, five, and four syllables respectively. The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. Highest Score Essay. See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of nine syllables. Thesis. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of identical length. CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit.
Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and internal rhyme . Typically, the consonants in one word or line repeat in the same pattern at the beginning and end of the next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the consonants change slightly. In the English tradition of poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to such devices as chimes , and he makes much use of them in his works such as Spring and Fall. See also awdl and englyn . Highest On Gmat. For an example of cynghanedd in English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an methods Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet. The second line of the couplet rhymes with the highest score first six lines.
The first line of the couplet cross-rhymes in the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the for prevention methods attendance eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to write Russian, Serbian, and Bulgarian. Bar Exam Essays. The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to for prevention for poor, convert Slavic races of Moravia to Christianity. Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of this script, though it is more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to as an abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). Cyrillic, modeled largely on essay in english the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. For Poor. The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989. Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Conneticut. Peter the Great simplified the alphabet in 1708, so the for prevention methods lettering required less ornate design, and later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918.
The present alphabet consists of thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the what is an analytical stress of syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Welsh lyric poetry consisting of rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Traditionally, in each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to metaphysical conceits. Thesis For Prevention For Poor. The genre is associated with the poet Dafydd ap Gwilym.
CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the term refers to a form of money essay light verse consisting of a single couplet with seventeen syllables. The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of Welsh verse consisting of a sestet stanza in which the for prevention methods for poor attendance syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and seven respectively. The first two lines rhyme and cross-rhyme with the middle syllable of the sixth line and the third and sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.
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Download a Resume Template That Employers Will Love. Are your Resume and thesis for poor, online job search profiles not yielding you the results you need to find gainful employment and highest on gmat, finally afford to pay your bills? No doubt about it; it’s tougher to thesis find a job now than it’s been in decades. That doesn’t mean, however, that you can’t give yourself every fighting chance of snagging the next available job. While there is plenty to be said for effective interviewee skills, the absolute most important step for getting hired is writing a winning Curriculum Vitae. Without a highly attractive C.V, you’re just one of dozens or more applicants that begin to blend together after a while. You want your most relevant skills and experience to jump off the page and grab the attention of the person responsible for reviewing the group of on gmat, CVs in which yours is stacked or filed online. Direct access to resume templates advices. 1. Choose your favorite Curriculum Vitae. 2. Download selected resumes on your desktop. No front page content has been created yet.
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Review All Job Description Material and highest essay, More (If Necessary) While some employers seem to be in the habit of posting as little information as possible, others provide a great deal of for prevention attendance, valuable information relevant to not only the essays skills, experience, and education of a desired employee, but also the description, expectations, and demands of the job itself. Acquire as much information as you can about the position. If the employer provided you with pages and methods for poor, pages of descriptions, read them before building your resume. In English. If the employer posted minimal information about the job, you may find information by thesis for poor, reviewing the website or even calling and bar exam essays, asking for for prevention methods details.
The more you know about your prospective employers, the more power you have to show them a picture-perfect employee on paper. If you read terms you don’t really understand, see requirements for education levels you haven’t reached, or find any other indication that you’re not a good candidate for the job; don’t waste your time applying. Also, understand that it may be very difficult to find a job that matches your education or the bulk of your experience. You may have to begin at an entry level position in essays a company that seeks supervisory and upper management applicants from thesis for prevention methods for poor, within. If this is the case, be extremely careful about divulging the extent of your education, experience, and salary history as you may be viewed as ‘overqualified’. However insulting or degrading it may feel, the reality is critical essay that at thesis some point you just have to accept that options are limited and black money essay, be willing to ‘dumb it down’ a bit to secure employment. Just think, though: In the next few months after you’re hired, you’ll have a chance to for prevention methods for poor excel beyond expectation and black essay in english, increase your odds of recognition and promotion. Use Only Relevant Terms, Skills, and thesis for prevention for poor attendance, Experience. If you feel the essays marathi need to for prevention methods add more information to your curriculum vitae than what’s absolutely relevant, make sure that the is an critical most compelling details are on the first page and that it’s not crowded with words.
In addition to for prevention methods attendance your contact information, you should have: Relevant skills, relevant experience, and analysis essays, relevant education. If you have multiple jobs dating back for a number of thesis for prevention methods for poor, years, try to list only the most relevant jobs within the past 5-7 years on the first page and either make a note that a more extensive job history is available upon request or attach a separate sheet with a complete history in case the reviewer is essays so inclined to read it. Whatever you do, DO NOT let a full page of outdated and irrelevant details take away from the razzle and dazzle of the thesis for prevention first page of your resume. Remember that your developed skills are more important than your experience. Yes, you need experience to demonstrate the fact that you’ve had time to hone those skills, but employers need to know the othello essay capabilities you have that are relevant to the job for which you’re applying. The Verbiage of Your Curriculum Vitae. You want your C.V to sound professional, but it doesn’t have to for poor sound like it came out of the Oxford Dictionary. Remember, it’s not as though you’re writing a dissertation; you’re listing bits and what is an analytical critical essay, pieces of thesis for prevention methods attendance, concise and relevant information to present a snapshot of what you have to offer.
Refer to the job description and other material posted by your prospective employers. If they used industry-specific jargon, use the same jargon wherever applicable. Conneticut Bar Exam Essays. Review their posted list of thesis for prevention methods for poor, required skills and job duties and use it as a guide for genre listing all of your valid and applicable skills and job duties with previous employers. If you have additional skills or job skills than are not posted on the job description by your prospective employer, consider leaving them out. If you feel you must include them somewhere, follow the same rule as job history: Keep them off the first page.
Instead, attach them at the top of the for prevention methods for poor attendance page containing your extensive job history. You have 2 primary goals for your curriculum vitae: Make it easy to black read and for prevention methods for poor attendance, make every word count. Essays Students. In order to for prevention for poor attendance accomplish this, you need to on gmat essay use a font of at least 10-12 and make each section of your document stand out thesis for prevention methods, from the next by staggering blocks of information that take up different levels of horizontal space. For example, you may place your name, physical address, phone number, and essays, email address at the top in for prevention attendance the center. What Critical Essay. For contrast, you would place a sentence outlining your objective; perhaps something like: To obtain consistent and long term employment with a company in which my skills and talents will be utilized and appreciated. Because that sentence will take the entire width of the page, your next sections should be small and centered. This would be a great place to methods for poor attendance list your skills. If you place your employment in essays the next section, that would be a great contrast to your skills. Thesis For Prevention For Poor. Make a table with 2 columns and a few rows (just enough for your most relevant jobs).
Add your title, previous employers, and their contact information in the left column and your job duties on the right. Analysis. Finally, underneath your employment history, enter your education information centered on the page. Employers may or may not be interested in for prevention attendance speaking with your personal references. If there is any reason why your prospective employers shouldn’t speak with your previous supervisors, try to avoid putting their contact information on your Curriculum Vitae. Hero. Otherwise, there should be plenty of professional references in your format for them to review. You can post a sentence on thesis for prevention methods the bottom of your Curriculum Vitae either inviting your potential employer to call contacts from your employment history and/or letting him/her know that you have a list of essays marathi, personal references available if requested. If you have room on the page after leaving plenty of space in between each section, increase the font size of thesis methods attendance, your name. If you have adequate or advanced linguistic skills, consider writing a short cover letter (3-5 small to moderate paragraphs) introducing yourself and outlining your skills, dedication, ambition, work ethic, and any other relevant piece of information that increases your appeal to students an employer but may not have a proper place on your Curriculum Vitae. Cover letters are easy to disregard if an employer isn’t interested, and they can help to set you aside from thesis for prevention attendance, other applicants if there is an black in english interest in learning more about thesis methods, you by genre, reading your cover letter. You can either use the outline provided in this article or you can create your own curriculum vitae outline containing your name, contact information, and the basic sections you will need to fill out per application.
Save the outline and thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance, consistent information in a master file, and essay in english, once you’ve finished preparing a Curriculum Vitae for a job, choose ‘Save as’ and create a specific name for it. To find your Curriculum Vitae more quickly and conveniently, consider using the same name and changing only the for poor attendance last word. For example, you may save your resume as ‘MyResumeCompany.doc’. Replace the word ‘Company’ with each different place to tragic essay which you submit your curriculum. How to Write a Great Cover Letter.
Landing a job is undoubtedly difficult in today’s economy. Writing a great cover letter is probably the most important step you can towards landing the job of their dreams. Why is writing a cover letter so important? It is the first thing a potential employer sees, and it will dictate whether or not the employer even looks at methods for poor attendance your resume. Even the black essay most polished, professional resume doesn’t stand a chance against a poorly written cover letter.
How do you write a cover letter that not only a potential employer to read your resume, but also gets you invited for an interview? Writing a winning cover letter is not difficult if you follow a few simple steps: Just like an employer won’t look at a resume that’s attached to a poorly written cover letter, the employer won’t even bother to read the cover letter if it’s a messy jumble of text. To create a professional-looking cover letter, be sure to use plenty of white space. You should have, at a minimum, one inch margins and double spaces between paragraphs. Follow the guidelines for for prevention methods for poor writing a basic business letter and be sure to include a simple, text-only letterhead. Your letterhead should be the same letterhead that appears on your resume.
This is conneticut your one and only chance to name drop, so take advantage of thesis methods attendance, it. Potential employers want to know how you heard about the position. You should also identify the specific position that you are seeking, and state that you are applying for this position. Black Money Essay. Yes, it’s obvious, but cover letters follow a long-established pattern, and for prevention for poor, this isn’t the time to be a rebel. Finally, set the tone for the rest of the letter, and essay, briefly state what you will be discussing.. If you have more than a few years of experience in the field to thesis for prevention methods attendance which you are applying, your professional experience should be presented before your educational experience. First, write a topic sentence that presents one unified idea. If you’ve held several jobs in this career, find the one aspect that these jobs have in common that will most impress your potential employer. Hero Essay. You also need to link this paragraph to your educational experience. Similar to your employment paragraph, you need to develop one unified idea rather than simply presenting a list of all the schools you’ve attended and courses you’ve taken. Determine which aspect of thesis for prevention methods for poor attendance, your education is most important to the position you’re applying for and present it here.
A fourth and even fifth paragraph may be added if you need to present additional relevant information. Just remember to develop one idea per paragraph, and to keep the entire letter under one page. This is your opportunity to bar exam essays tie everything together, leading the reader to invite you to an interview. You need to reference your resume and any other included attachments. In addition, you need to politely, yet confidently state that you wish to be invited to an interview. Finally, state the easiest way for the employer to reach you, referring to the phone number and e-mail address in your letterhead. For important documents like cover letters, you need to go beyond your computer’s spell check and grammar check. Place the cover letter aside for a few hours, or overnight if possible, and look at it with fresh eyes. You might find errors that you didn’t see previously.
As a final step, ask someone, who you trust will do a decent job, to for poor attendance proofread your cover letter. Now, you have a well-written cover letter that will hopefully lead a potential employer to read your resume and ultimately invite you to an interview. Essays Students Marathi. The rest is up to you! How to prepare for a winning job interview. In a competitive market for available jobs, potential candidates should put in the necessary time and thesis for poor, effort to make a solid impact. You must simply accept that it’s a buyer’s market, the buyer, in this case is the organization. Your first job as the seller is to sell yourself. You need to stand out from the essays students other candidates like a house with a shiny red door in a cookie-cutter neighborhood.
Assume your resume and cover letter is in a pile on a desk with plenty of others, therefore you must find a way to rise to the top. For Prevention Methods. You need to put yourself in a stronger position, instead of you trying to chasing the job, make them convince you to take it. Your mindset dictates the demeanor you portray. Tragic Essay. If you seem too desperate, you don’t make it to thesis for prevention the next step, however, too arrogant and doors will close. You have to put yourself in the shoes of the interviewer and determine your moves every step of the way. Spend about five hours preparing for each hour of interview, you want to investigate how you can deliver value to the organization. By researching and probing how you can make an impact in the position, you are going beyond the canned responses of most candidates. Your resume should announce that you are qualified for the position. After the interview, you want to leave the impression that you can start the job tomorrow. You want to contact somebody who does the same job at analysis the organization or similar enterprise and ask several questions. It’s a must that you discover the current challenges for the position within the organization and the industry as a whole.
The next step is succeed where so many candidates fall short, you want to show initiative by suggesting ideas for the position. Hiring managers have so many job functions to for prevention for poor attendance perform, by proving that you not only students, did research concerning the position, but proposed suggestions, you show tremendous potential. You would be surprised how those that have been performing the thesis for prevention methods attendance job for years have not expressed such aptitude. Be prepared to go beyond lip service, you want to conneticut bar exam essays demonstrate the homework you have done. Reaching out to a current employee performing the for prevention same job function puts you over the top. Don’t be shy or feel like you are intruding.
Many employees have innovative ideas about how to perform their jobs better, tap into that information for marathi free and then add your own spin. Use the power of imagination to stand out thesis methods for poor, from the crowd, everybody else is going to be following the same job interview tips that get recycled over the web. If you want to make a lasting impression, you must put in conneticut bar exam essays the sweat and effort. Find someone who you can practice with until it comes out natural. Thesis Attendance. Landing an offer in a tough economy requires considerable effort. If you can demonstrate you can make an impact in your interview, your name will rise to the top of the pack. Copyright Curriculum-Vitae.In 2013 - Contact : webmaster curriculum-vitae.in.
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