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articles and essays In an era too often marked by paper acts of incivility, Robert’s Fund aims to elevate the way we treat one another in the legal profession and to inspire acts of courtesy, kindness, and process essay how to compassion among members of the profession. Term Movie. Increased civility demonstrably improves outcomes for legal professionals and the people that they serve. And because legal professionals profoundly influence society, even outside their formal work, their behavior often sets the tenor of scholarship essay community corporate, political, and paper crash social interactions. View information about who we are and the essay the graduation by maya what we do. April 1422, 2018. Robert’s Fund has created a resource bank of abstracts, essays, articles, and term paper movie crash other media on gandhi civility from thoughtful leaders and eminent thinkers from across the country. View the articles below, or search by clicking a category tag: Practical Tools for term movie, Promoting a More Civil Approach to Law. Timothy M. By Maya. Jaasko-Fisher and Paula Lustbader, Practical Tools for term paper movie crash, Promoting a More Civil Approach to Law , Robert's Fund (2016) Embracing Our Shared Humanity: Civility for corporate governance research papers india, Our Times. Paula Lustbader, Embracing Our Shared Humanity: Civility for Our Times , Robert's Fund (2015) Cultivating a Campus Culture of paper Civility. Paula Lustbader, Cultivating a Campus Culture of governance Civility , Robert's Fund (2016) Incivility permeates our culture including in paper movie colleges and universities.
Higher education influences each generation, engenders critical thinking, and essay question verbs establishes cultural norms for professionals. When we teach and model ways to facilitate robust, yet civil, discourse about controversial topics, we empower students to be constructive, civil, and engaged citizens in an increasingly polarized world. Crash. After offering a definition and framework for corporate papers, thinking about paper movie crash, civility, the corporate governance papers, paper summarizes the pervasiveness and cost of incivility in term paper our society generally and on gimpel the fool the presence and impact of term incivility on schools specifically. The paper then provides suggestions on ways that higher education can cultivate a campus culture of civility. The WSBA Civility Survey: Promoting the Civil Practice of Law.
Lisa E. Brodoff and Timothy M. Jaasko-Fisher, The WSBA Civility Survey: Promoting the Civil Practice of Law , NWLawyer (December 2016). How might we promote a practice of law that is both exceptionally effective and governance papers india highly civil? As members of the WSBA, we should all care about this question. The effective practice of law is a cornerstone of our democracy and key to a thriving market economy. Paper. Civility promotes justice and essay verbs reduces transaction costs. Incivility is expensive. Paper Movie. Nationally, it is well documented that incivility costs us in gandhi essay terms of term paper crash our business, our health, and essay on gimpel our ability to deliver on our legal system’s promise of “justice for all”.
But is it really a problem in term our state? And even if it is a problem, what can we do about corporate governance research papers, it? These were some of the term paper movie, fundamental questions we set out to the essay by maya angelou, answer when Robert’s Fund’s Civility Center for the Law, Seattle University School of movie crash Law, and the WSBA joined together in a2 snap coursework May of 2016 to survey WSBA member’s about civility in the profession. Term. Washington State Bar Association Creed of Professionalism. Washington State Bar Association Creed of Professionalism-adopted by the WSBA Board of Governors July 2001. Abstracts of essay about cake Relevant Washington Rules of Professional Conduct. Paper Crash. Abstracts of Relevant Washington Rules of a2 snap coursework Professional Conduct. Term Paper Movie Crash. Preamble and essay service Scope. Term Paper Movie Crash.  [Washington revision] A lawyer, as a member of the legal profession, is a representative of clients, an officer of the gandhi for kids, court and a public citizen having special responsibility for the quality of term paper justice. Rule 1.1 Competence. A lawyer shall provide competent representation to a client.
Competent representation requires the legal knowledge, skill, thoroughness and uw honors essay preparation reasonably necessary for movie crash, the representation. Rule 1.2 Scope of Representation Allocation of prompt Authority Between Client Lawyer. Be Nice: More States Are Treating Incivility as a Possible Ethics Violation. G. M. Filisko, Be Nice: More States Are Treating Incivility as a Possible Ethics Violation, A.B.A J. (April 2012) Issues of paper movie incivility in the legal profession are becoming a greater concern given the heated general tone of public discourse. Incivility may be on the rise because of the increase in a2 snap coursework pleadings and discovery, the pressure lawyers are under to bill their hours, and paper movie the media portrayal of lawyers that give clients an idea of the essay how their lawyer ought to behave and paper movie give the lawyer an essay idea of paper movie how he/she ought to for kids, behave. Raise Your Right Hand And Swear To Be Civil: Defining Civility As An Obligation Of Professional Responsibility. Donald E. Term Crash. Campbell, Raise Your Right Hand And Swear To Be Civil: Defining Civility As An Obligation Of Professional Responsibility , 47 Gonz. L. Rev. 99 (Dec. 2011) Professor Campbell distinguishes ethics, professionalism, and civility as follows: “Ethics addresses minimal obligations placed on lawyers under rules of essay on gimpel professional conduct. Professionalism is paper crash, identified as a lawyer’s obligations to society as a whole, apart from on gimpel the fool, a lawyer’s obligations to her client.
Civility is identified as those obligations that lawyers owe to paper, other lawyers, their clients, and the court generally.” Ethical standards impose duties on gandhi essay for kids lawyers that if not followed can lead to sanctions or disbarment, and professional standards provide guidelines to assist lawyers in serving the public good and the profession itself. Term Paper Movie Crash. Civility standards, on the other hand, are meant to provide guidelines on how lawyers ought to the fool, conduct themselves in term paper crash relation to the parties involved, to “ensure that the essay on gimpel the fool, image of the legal process is term movie, preserved and on gimpel respected by the public, and to paper movie, ensure that disputes are resolved in college a timely, efficient, and cooperative manner.” Difficult Conversations: How To Discuss What Matters Most. Douglas Stone, Bruce Patton, Sheila Heen, Difficult Conversations: How To Discuss What Matters Most (2d ed.) 2010. Term Paper Crash. Julian Treasure, 5 Ways to Listen Better , Ted Talk (July 2011). Julian Treasure, a leading expert on question verbs sound and term movie crash how to use it best, states that “listening is our access to essay about make cake, understanding.
Conscious listening always creates understanding.” We listen through filters of crash our culture, language, values, beliefs, attitudes, expectations, and intentions. India. To be a better listener, he suggests we listen with an movie awareness of our filters and adjust them to essay on gimpel, fit the term, context and to what we are listening.
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If another. Aristotle Onassis , Inheritance , Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis 2439 Words | 7 Pages. Family Law Assessment Part 2: Essay ‘Evaluate the effectiveness of the law in achieving justice for parties . involved in relationship breakdowns.’ Society’s changing social values towards the notion of essay the fool ‘family’ has resulted in the legal system attempting to reform the law to term movie reflect these changes. Due to the range of governance research papers family types that exist today, relationship breakdowns have become complex. The legal system aims to provide a fair and equitable outcome for parties; however, this is a challenge due.
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English-language films , Essay , Linguistics 1140 Words | 3 Pages. Norma McCorvey, pro- life activists continue to thrive for essay, new laws banning, or at least tightly restricting induced abortion. Due . to that decision, abortion has become a safety net—preventing unwanted pregnancies, controlling whether or not parents have a handicapped child, etc. In Sallie Tisdale’s “We Do Abortions Here: A Nurse’s Story”, readers get an inside look on the actual procedure itself, giving them an term paper movie crash idea of what goes on in the world of medicine. Although this essay may highlight the beneficial. Abortion , Abortion debate , Fertility 1081 Words | 3 Pages. sentences will receive some point deductions. Work submitted late will be graded accordingly (check the syllabus). “ Law of . Life ” 1.As the story begins, what thought makes Old Koskoosh suddenly panic? Provide details of an action leading to his panic and cite direct evidence showing an action of reassurance. He thought of the fact that his granddaughter was still being called by life , and living very much in the present, while he was dying. “ he stretched forth a palsied hand which wandered tremblingly.
Death , Life , Meaning of life 900 Words | 2 Pages. ?Class 2 Lecture : Law Everyday Life : Legal Consciousness Law as Narrative Is Law and Justice . the Same Thing? When you think about the a2 snap coursework law and justice what images come to mind Blind lady justice who represents impartial justice. She cannot see whether those coming before her are rich or poor, powerful or weak, great or lowly. She only judges on the basis of truth.
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systems have both been effective in responding to the need for law reform in modern society. There are four key conditions that have been . identified as influencing the need for change to essay law . Both the parliament through statute law and the courts through common law have important roles to paper movie play in bringing about effective change. One important condition that gives rise to law reform is the changing of social values. This means reforming laws to suit the biology coursework changes in term, society. Social values are standards.
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Consider the view that there is a close relationship between law and morality. Examine the debate as to whether the law should . reflect moral values, and discuss issues, which show the continuing importance of term paper movie that debate. (30marks + 5 for papers india, AO3) A definition of law adapted from LB Curzon, Dictionary of Law states “ the law is a set of rules which are binding among the term people of a community or a state, so that they will be imposed upon and enforced among those persons by appropriate sanctions”. Ethics , Euthanasia , Law 2206 Words | 6 Pages. Literary Analysis - the Law of Life. heredity, and environment had a monumental impact in changing or defining human character. Naturalism exposes the dark areas of life and how . they affected people, such as sex, violence, disease, prejudice, abandonment, disease, and even death. Naturalism, in short, is a need to return to the earth. (Williams, 571) A prime example of corporate governance research india this literary theory was the story “The Law of Life ”, written by Jack London. The story tells the tale of Old Koskoosh, a chief of a Eskimo tribe from the Klondike, a part. Death , Life , Literature 1129 Words | 3 Pages. The English law of contract has developed over hundreds of term movie years of history.
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Broker , Cartel , Competition 1118 Words | 4 Pages. 24 Weeks In 1973 when the abortion law was changed with the landmark case, Roe v. Wade, many states scrambled to change their pre-existing . laws regarding abortion in order to comply with new Federal regulations. Term. With haste often come mistakes and oversights. Michigan law fails to biology coursework clearly identify the point of paper movie crash gestation in prompt, which an term elective abortion is no longer legal; it simply states abortions are illegal past the point of viability. Abortion clinics in Michigan offer abortions up to 24 weeks. Abortion , Abortion in the United States , Abortion law 1045 Words | 3 Pages. laws and policies affect family life. ? “Examine the ways in papers, which laws and social policies affect family life ” To start with a social policy is an paper initiative or plan . that the government would put in place to try and essay, fix a problem or to make a positive change in society. Various political and social groups have different opinions on social policies, for example in the UK conservatives are very right wing and as of the moment Mr Osborne is proposing to save ?10billion by making cuts across the board in term paper, its welfare fund.
The Labour party. Conservatism , Family , Feminism 1063 Words | 3 Pages. bdfbdsfhglkshadlkg skfg dfhdskfhkdfh sdkgnhnsdg;hl hdsglhsdlgnhlsdghlAnti Essays Search JOIN LOGIN HELP CONTACT How To Be Happy In . Life Essay Below is a free essay on How To Be Happy In Life from coursework, Anti Essays , your source for free research papers, essays , and term paper examples. ESL 112-03 October 04, 2010 How to Be Happy in term movie crash, Life Happiness is a state of mind or feeling characterized by. Citation , Essay , Essays 584 Words | 4 Pages. cessation of all vital functions in a2 snap biology coursework, a living creature; it is the end of life . Monism is the belief that the body and soul are one entity. . Aristotle, for example, spoke of the body and soul being a harmony. For Aristotle, the soul is form: it is a non-physical aspect of paper humans, which allows the body to achieve its potential, and without the body, the essay question verbs soul would be of no use as it would be unrecognisable. It is possible to base a theory of life after death on a monistic position.
John Hick refers to humans. Death , Heaven , Life 1670 Words | 5 Pages. Life support laws for pregnant women. efforts of the medical staff, it is confirmed that your partner will never regain consciousness. Term. She is legally declared ‘brain-dead’. She is 14 weeks . pregnant, making your choice about life support all the essay on gimpel more difficult. Ultimately, taking into account previous discussions with your partner, you decide to suspend life -sustaining treatment, which is your right as next of kin. But the Government tells you that you are no longer entitled the right to decide what’s best for your wife and unborn. Abortion , Death , Family 1017 Words | 3 Pages.
The Essay “Luka and term movie, the Fire of Life ” is a nove written by Salman Rushdie. The novel is about a twelve year old boy named . Luka Khalifa, and his father, Rushid Khalifa. Essay. His father had fallen into paper movie crash, a very deep coma, hearing nothing and no one. Essay The Fool. Luka met a holographic version of his father, named Nobodaddy. Nobodaddy knows the only method to retrieve Luka’s father back to life , or awaken him. Movie Crash. He has to steal the fire of life from the world of magic. Luka, Nobodaddy, his pet bear and dog set forth. Curse , Father , God 1009 Words | 3 Pages.
The scenario of essay question verbs this case a very complex matter in terms of the law , on the one hand you have the breach of gun/firearms laws and . criminal negligence and on the other hand you have involuntary harm to another person. In order to paper movie hold the correct person liable, we must first examine the core facts and issues of this case which will enable the application of the essay prompt law to term movie crash these facts, allowing the DPP to be advised in the most suitable and accurate manner. The first and essay the fool, foremost issue to term be noted in. Criminal law , Criminal negligence , Manslaughter 1217 Words | 3 Pages. ?Adam Simon May 8, 2014 Baldwin Period 7 Honors Biology Human Life Extension There are many different pros and cons of genetically engineering . the human lifespan. Some argue that if the average lifespan were to be increased, it would lead to the overpopulation of the a2 snap biology coursework world, resulting in risen poverty levels and damage to the environment.
With the effect of living long, some people could be in terrible health conditions for many years without dying, in term, which they would no longer want to a2 snap biology live. This. Aging , Death , Gerontology 1032 Words | 4 Pages. ENG4U-01 April 13th, 2013 Life of Pi: Quest or Enlightenment Over the course of this unit, I have read the so called “ life . changing” novel “The Life of term paper movie Pi” by Yann Martel. The Fool. This work of art happens to term paper be a national best seller and has collected many literature awards. Piscine Molitor Patel, the young Indian protagonist is faced with a traumatic set of events which developed into a marvelous story of essay a castaway’s voyage, in the heart of the Pacific Ocean. Term Paper. This essay will discuss the essential factors. Canada Reads , Canongate Books , Life of Pi 1685 Words | 4 Pages. organisations to undertake action in attempt to achieve justice and equality throughout the the fool world, ensuring the safety of all people. Although, it is term paper movie, clear . that there are many so-called “grey areas” in the legal issues surrounding this event, this essay will seek to clarify any misconceptions that were misconstrued by media-related sources, in corporate research, terms of how justice WAS achieved post September 11. After the world as we knew it took a dramatic change on the 11th of term paper September 2001, many feared for.
Al-Qaeda , Federal Bureau of Investigation , Osama bin Laden 1602 Words | 5 Pages. Karen Ramirez Pre-IB English/ Mr. Ratner 3/1/10 6th period Word count: 862 Life of Pi Essay Many people that are religious . look to God for guidance and comfort. Especially in disastrous situations. In Yann Martel’s novel, Life of Pi, the theme of will to survive is presented and demonstrated as having faith, letting animal instincts take over, and determination. Research India. Pi keeping his faith shows how strong his faith in God is. He discusses some Hindu symbolism to describe how insignificant he feels. Atheism , God , Instinct 891 Words | 3 Pages. ? Life factors and term paper movie crash, events essay I been looking at the case study of Vera Bisset life , I have noticed that Vera has . Essay Question. had many factors that have potentially affected her development. These factors would have affected her Emotional, Social, Physical, intellectual and language.
Some on the factors I will be talking about are Genetic, Biological, Environmental, Socioeconomic and Lifestyle. So in this essay I will be pointing at paper crash, out the factors that have affected her development and will be telling you. Affect , Child development , Developmental psychology 1915 Words | 5 Pages. ?PAGE ? MEANING OF LIFE ESSAY What is the meaning of life ? Many agree that the answer depends on the person . asking the question. College Scholarship. When Albert Camus and Richard Taylor decide to answer this question, they must take an paper movie crash in-depth look into coursework, the real and mythological worlds to arrive at a concise answer to this question that has baffled so many. Term Paper Crash. Both have similar views with subtle differences - however Taylor's view is the more accurate of the two.
When looking into the biological world, Taylor clearly. Absurdism , Albert Camus , Existentialism 1783 Words | 5 Pages. ? Laws Affect My Life If someone were to essay for kids ask me, What has the government done for you today? I would most likely say nothing, . but as I researched I have looked back on my past and my present. I have realized realized that through the years I have really noticed that laws do hold a foundation on my everyday life as well as others. Laws are principles and regulations that are established under the term paper authority of the state and/or the uw honors essay prompt nation. Paper Movie Crash. They help to form the essay foundation for a country that protects. Fair Labor Standards Act , Income tax , Income tax in term paper movie, the United States 1660 Words | 5 Pages.
English Essay Topic 2: Which characters in the book Secret Life contributes most to the healing of Lily’s wounds? Who? * . The Boatwright sisters * Zach * T-ray Wounds? * Killing her mother by accidents when she was 4 years old * Never having the mother figure in uw honors prompt, her life * Having a father who doesn’t care about her, hurting her * Feeling like she can’t be loved * Not being told about her mother The Boatwright sisters: * Helped fill in the gap as the term paper mother. Abuse , Family , Love 1320 Words | 4 Pages. Labour law also known as employment law deals with the body of laws , administrative rulings and precedents which . addresses the legal rights of and restrictions on working people and their organizations1. The direct function of labour law is that it deals with the rules governing employment relationship.
Labour law functions through the essay role accorded by common law , legislation and is helped also by term paper crash, the extra legal sources such as the customs and collective bargaining. Essay Question. Labour law is divided in to two. Employment , Employment Appeal Tribunal , Employment compensation 2823 Words | 7 Pages. Life of Pi Final Essay Now zoos have come a long way from what they used to . Movie Crash. be. No more do we see too many animals crammed into one small cage. Their habitats are made to mimic the animals natural habitats, they are often very large, with watering holes, small rock formations and much more. So my answer is no. Zoos are not abusive towards animals and essay the fool, are very important in our modern era. Paper Movie Crash. They are very important for the conservation.
Canada Reads , Habitat , Life of Pi 793 Words | 5 Pages.
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15 Crazy College Application Essay Questions. February 10, 2014. College application essays don’t have to paper movie crash, be a drag – and these schools prove it. They’ve created some of the most outlandish, thought-provoking and original essay questions out there. Here are the 15 schools that think outside the box, when it comes to biology, admissions essay, with some examples of our favorite questions they’re asking on The Common Application this year. Now, it’s up to you to impress admissions officers with a response that measures up. Amongst the term paper crash schools with the most create assortments were Lehigh University, Tufts University and Wake Forest, though we#8217;ve decided to remain (sort of) impartial and list the schools with the most creatively candid questions in alphabetical order. The following 15 schools had some of our favorite imaginative college admissions essay questions begging the question: how would you answer? “You are required to spend the next year of biology coursework, your life in either the past or the movie crash future. What year would you travel to and why?” Leave it to gandhi essay, the liberal arts colleges to come up with something thought-provoking. Crash. This private research university, located in Waltham, MA, is sure to get your creative juices flowing! “Pick a movie or novel where the biology coursework protagonist makes a difficult choice.
Do you agree or disagree with the decision he or she made?” Another private liberal arts university, Bucknell is located in paper crash, the central part of Pennsylvania in the town of Lewisburg. Question. If you’re looking to term paper, bring unique perspectives to a university, this may be the one for you. “Create two questions that drive you.” This private liberal arts school, located in Amherst, MA, is so outside of the box, they got rid of the box (i.e. questions) all together. If you’re up for the creative challenge, seize it! “Let’s go back to a time when learning was pure joy. Please tell us your favorite childhood book and why.” Also dubbed “K College” or “K,” this Kalamazoo, Michigan school produces more Peace Corp volunteers than any other U.S. academic institution! “What is your favorite riddle and why?” “Describe your favorite ”Bazinga” moment.” “You’ve just reached your one millionth hit on your YouTube video. Essay. What is the video about?” “If your name were an acronym, what would it stand for and how would it reflect your strengths and pesonality?” When it comes to originality, Lehigh definitely took the cake.
Believe it or not, we had to narrow our choices down to movie crash, the above questions! But this Bethlehem, PA, university is also known for academics and a2 snap biology, landed on movie crash, the Top Party Schools list. Talk about college, well rounded! Stanford left the essay open to interpretation for the scholars applying to the university, which is considered to be one of the most prestigious in the United States and the world. “Take a blank sheet of paper. Do with this page what you wish.
Your only limitations are the boundaries of crash, this page. You don’t have to submit anything, but we hope you will use your imagination.” This optional “assignment” from the university, located in essay the fool, Forth Worth, TX, must leave a blank stare on students faces all the time. Who else wonders what types of submissions (and how many paper airplanes) they get? Competing with Lehigh, Tufts University had quite the array of unique questions, so we had to pick favorites. Movie Crash. Tufts is known as a Little Ivy and a “New Ivy,” so we imagine that those applying to this school, which ranks amongst the top in the nation, appreciate the chance to the fool, speak their minds via the movie college application essay.
Learn more about Tufts University. “Winston Churchill believed ‘a joke is essay, a very serious thing.’ Tell us your favorite joke and try to explain the joke without ruining it.” “How are apples and oranges supposed to be compared?” The University of Chicago cleverly takes essay questions suggested by students. So if you find the questions a little too peculiar, blame your peers. If you can take on the essays, you can join the term movie crash nearly 15,00 students that attend the school – which is college scholarship community, another ranked as one of the most prestigious, both nationally and worldwide. Term Paper Movie Crash. 10. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. “What do you hope to find over the rainbow?” This public research university is consistently ranked among the highest in the United States and is one of eight original Public Ivy schools. Perhaps the answer to the essay question should be: an Ivy League education with public university tuition prices? “By the end of the college application process, you will have probably written dozens of essays and uw honors essay prompt, responded to a multitude of questions. Term Movie Crash. Use this opportunity to corporate governance research india, try something new.” If you want to paper movie crash, become one of the 8,000 undergraduates who identify as the Fighting Irish, you’ll need to plan and gandhi for kids, strategize to term movie, impress admissions officials at this private Catholic research university. “Describe one of your quirks and why it is college essay community service, part of who you are.” Located in Charlottesville, VA, this public university was conceived and designed by U.S. President Thomas Jefferson.
We cannot help but wonder, which side of the “tweet” or “not to term, tweet” spectrum do you think he’d land? Founded in 1842, this private university is the oldest Catholic university in essay community, the commonwealth of term crash, Pennsylvania. It was named for Saint Thomas of Villanova, but we’d advise against answering in uw honors, any way that may suggest he sets your heart ablaze. That’s just #8230;awkward. “Some say social media is superficial, with no room for expressing deep or complex ideas. We challenge you to defy these skeptics by describing yourself as fully and paper crash, accurately as possible in essay, the 140-character limit of a tweet.” Wake Forest is a private university with its main campus located in Winston Salem, NC. The original location was in Wake Forest, hence the name. What would be on our top ten list? How about these school facts? The school has 93 percent retention rate and an 85 percent four-year graduation rate not bad! “You have been granted a free weekend next month. How will you spend it?” “What is something about term movie crash, which you have changed your mind in gandhi, the last three years?” You may have heard of Yale University – it’s a private Ivy League research university in paper, Connecticut? It’s also the alma mater of five U.S. presidents, among countless other scholars.
With a retention rate of 99 percent, we’re guessing most students don’t answer, “Going to Yale,” as what they#8217;ve changed their minds about. Perhaps which side of a legal issue you fall on would be a safer answer, especially since Yale Law School is the most selective within the United States. Every semester, Fastweb helps thousands of students pay for school by matching them to scholarships, grants, and internships, for which they actually qualify. You'll find scholarships like the Sallie Mae's $1,000 Plan for service, College Sweepstakes, and easy to movie, enter scholarships like Niche $2,000 No Essay Scholarship, and internships with companies like Apple, Google, Dreamworks, and even NASA!
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ESSAY VI: HUMAN EVOLUTION AND THE IMAGE OF GOD. In the speech he sought to read into the court record following the verdict in the Scopes Monkey Trial of 1925, creationist champion and term crash trial prosecutor William Jennings Bryan restated Charles Darwin's arguments for essay on gimpel, human evolution set out in the 1874 edition of The Descent of Man , and proceeded to challenge them. There Darwin had argued that human beings were the distant descendents of an arboreal Old World primate (Darwin 263). Bryan noted, with some scorn, that Darwin also gave some fanciful reasons for believing that man is term paper movie more likely to have descended from the chimpanzee rather than the gorilla (Bryan 326). He went on to condemn Darwin's argument. And he was not alone. So many people said then, and still say, that they cannot accept the notion that they are descended from apes or monkeys.
I have learned to essay, patiently keep on explaining that neither Darwin nor any other scientist studying human evolution has ever asserted that humans are descended from apes. Movie Crash? What all have said is that the hominids, which include our species Homo sapiens , and for kids the other primates, to which the family of the paper, great apes belong, diverged from a common ancestor millions of years ago. That part Bryan and a lot of essay question other people have gotten wrong. Furthermore, it turns out that Darwin's hypothesis was right on the issue of relationship. The great apes are, biologically speaking, distant cousins; we humans are closer genetically to the African chimpanzees. Nevertheless, these distinctions do little to movie crash, allay the visceral feelings evoked by the thought of uw honors essay human descent from primates. I've sometimes described it to paper, my students as the King Kong effect.
In the 1933 film by a2 snap that name, the sight of that giant ape climbing New York's tallest building with a beautiful blond in one hand, and snapping at harassing airplanes as he grips the building with the other, sought to stir deep, fearful emotions about primates. In a similar way the sight of trained chimpanzees performing silly tricks at their handler's behest may evoke an paper, amused contempt. Surely we humans, who are made in the image of community service God, cannot be the descendents of, or related to, these dirty, disgusting, and fearsome creatures. Many Christians reject the notion of human evolution on purely biblical and paper movie crash theological grounds. They assert that the Bible's creation accounts in Genesis 1 and 2 are historical fact, and interpret them to mean that God separately created each species. Especially, God created a first couple, Adam and Eve, superior to all other forms of life in that they bear the divine image and likeness. So, human evolution raises serious issues of faith for many Christians about the historicity of Adam and the claim that humans bear the image of God. To address these issues, I divide this essay into two parts.
In the first I survey briefly the empirical evidence for human evolution from the primate lineage, based upon physical anthropology, genetics, and radioactive dating. In the essay, second I reflect upon the implications of these scientific discoveries for theology and term crash biblical interpretation. Biology Coursework? Can an evolving humanity be said to bear the image of God? I'll argue that it can. When Charles Darwin published the first edition of The Descent of Man in 1871, he already had an expectantly waiting audience. In it they found an argument, developed in considerable detail, to support a hypothesis of human evolution. Darwin used examples from comparative anatomy to make his case.
He also argued that human emotions and movie crash moral sense had also evolved (Darwin 305). In the 130 years since, paleontologists, geneticists, and physical and research papers cultural anthropologists have amassed a much greater collection of physical evidence that has made the term movie, case for human evolution a much more compelling one. Corporate Research? In this section, I present a summary of some of that evidence (leaving aside arguments from the new disciplines of sociobiology and term crash evolutionary psychology) for a common lineage of hominids and other primates. Then I shall review current views about hominid evolution. From both an evolutionary and a taxonomic point of view, human beings belong to the order of Primates. This order includes, among others, old world monkeys, chimpanzees, gorillas, orangutans, gibbons, and new world monkeys. Obvious similarities in skeletal structure between humans and apes provided Darwin with evidence for ancestral relationship. Humans and other primates also share such traits as nails instead of claws, prehensile hands, opposable thumbs, erect postures, increased reliance on vision, identical number of teeth (in apes and humans), relatively large and complex brains, lengthened periods of maturation, and habitation in year-round social groups containing members of both sexes (Poirier and McKee 47-48). In the late 20 th century, advances in genetic research have provided direct evidence for corporate governance papers india, genealogical relationships and have bolstered the evidence based on anatomical similarities. While varying models of the movie crash, primate family tree exist, there is a pretty firm consensus now that human beings are genetically most closely related to corporate governance research papers, chimpanzees, then to gorillas, then to other primates (Poirier and McKee 50).
This hypothesis has been strengthened by comparative studies of such common proteins as the hemoglobins, cytochromes, and serum albumins (Price 266). Paper Movie Crash? For example, the cytochrome-c molecule in humans and a2 snap biology chimpanzees contains the movie crash, same 104 amino acids in exactly the uw honors, same sequence (Ayala 35). Using a technique that compares primate serum albumin, researchers established that chimpanzees are least dissimilar in albumin structure from humans, followed by movie crash gorillas. In fact, the corporate research india, analyses of many of these proteins yield the same results: human and term paper chimpanzee proteins are 99% identical in structure (Price, 266-268). These and many other kinds of comparisons at the molecular level are so conclusive as to justify, on the basis of a2 snap coursework molecular structure alone, status as sibling species (Price, 269). If hominids and other primates are so closely related, when did they diverge? Using DNA analysis scientists have provided varying results. One study estimates that the human and chimpanzee lines diverged between 7.7 and 6.3 million years ago (mya), and paper crash that the gorillas split off earlier, approximately 8-10 mya.
As its own lineage developed, the family of corporate governance papers Hominidae , to term movie crash, which the genus Homo and our species Homo sapiens belong, developed traits that have set its members apart from other primates. Biology Coursework? These include adaptations of the skeleto-muscular system to allow straight-knee bipedalism, loss of opposability in the big toe, increased cranial height and capacity, and dental changes leading to reduced projection of the term crash, face. And humans have developed, as no other primate has, the abilities of language, abstract and symbolic thought, culture and technology, the ability to think about the past and plan for the future, to think about the differences between what is and what ought to be (Poirier and McKee 53-54), and to communicate experiences of transcendence. Hominid Evolution: Early and Now Extinct Genera. It has been easier to establish the similarities and differences between humans and other primates than it has to establish the lineages and prompt relationships between the various, now extinct hominids and modern human beings.
Over the crash, past eighty years more and college scholarship community more fossils of term paper movie previously unknown hominids have been unearthed, particularly in Africa but also in essay Asia and Europe. Their bones, especially skulls, have brought to light previously unknown species. Anthropology, radioactive dating techniques and genetic analyses have succeeded in providing hypothetical timelines for the emergence and extinction of our hominid ancestors. However, evidence to date is not extensive enough to determine a clear phylogenetic lineage. A family tree cannot yet be drawn. Nevertheless, by the end of the twentieth century anthropologists have looked over the numerous fossils of the family Hominidae gathered since the 1920s and grouped them into three genera (pl. of genus). They are, from the oldest to the most recent, Ardipithecus , Australopithecus , and Homo . Ardipithecus : Nearly six million years ago, a creature already exhibiting features of bipedalism inhabited the forests of term paper movie what is now the gandhi, continent of Africa.
Ardipithecus has yielded fossils of paper crash its earliest species, A. ramidus kadabba , that have been dated between 5.3 and 5.8 mya. Many of its features are anatomically similar to those of the great apes; in essay other features, though, …the fossils resemble later hominids Given its numerous chimp-like features, this genus appears to have emerged early on paper crash the hominid lineage at a time close to that of the common hominid-chimpanzee ancestor (Leakey and Walker 19). . Fossil remains of two other creatures discovered in college essay community Africa in 2002 and 2001 may or may not push the lineage of Ardipithecus back even further. Term Movie? The oldest, named Sahelanthropus tchadensis , discovered in biology coursework the part of Africa known as the Sahel, has been dated back to 7 mya, even closer to the point of movie divergence. The fossil remains of a creature named Orrorin tuganensis , are also older. Essay For Kids? While their discoverers assert that the specimens align them with the hominid family, other anthropologists disagree, and at this point no conclusive argument can be made (Wong 4-13). Australopithecus : The latest Ardipithecus remains have given this genus an existence of at least one million years, but at some point it became extinct. Crash? A new one emerged about 4 mya, and dozens of individuals and hundreds of college scholarship service fossils discovered in eastern and southern Africa, reliably dated using potassium-argon dating techniques, bring the lifetime of this genus, Australopithecus , up to about 1.8 mya. The most famous find, the female Lucy lived some 3.5 mya (Johanson and Edey); her relatively complete skeletal remains show that she walked fully erect, and that while she displays some ape-like features her many distinctly hominid features place her in the latter lineage (Leakey and movie Walker 15). Australopithecines in general were of smaller stature and possessed smaller skulls and essay question verbs braincases than members of the crash, genus Homo . No evidence for the use of fire or tools exists, and almost certainly Australopithecus had not yet developed language (Hurd 214). Lucy is but one specimen of a number of different species of australopiths.
Her discoverer named her species A. afarensis , but an even earlier species, A. amanensis , dated back to 4 mya, exhibits a number of interesting features. Some appear to be holdovers from the era around the hominid-chimpanzee split; others display advanced features associated with true hominids. A later, so-called robust, group of australopiths have been given the name Paranthropu s, as they exhibit features that bring them closer to prompt, their relatives of the movie, genus Homo . They include remains that have been dated from about 3 mya to the fool, about 1.8 mya (Tattersall, 2003, 23). The study of term paper movie hominid evolution is in a state of flux as the twenty-first century begins. Many more skeletal remains of the genus Homo have been found than of the earlier pithecines, and sites have been discovered with remains of campfires, meals, and burials. Anthropologists have not yet reached a consensus regarding the classification of certain specimens, or of their relationships, although the notion of a linear descent has been largely abandoned, and college essay community service there is general agreement that the biological lineage that led to modern humans has been marked, like those of other animal species, by term diversity.
We modern humans are but one of several twigs on the hominid branch, and there appears to have been a long period during which several species were contemporaries, perhaps living in uw honors proximity and competing with one another. This is most evidently the case with Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis . While clear links have not been established, fossil remains argue for the emergence of new hominids in a strong unbroken sequence from Australopithecus to Homo erectus to Homo sapiens . They include, in gradual stages over several million years, (1) reduction in the size of canine teeth, (2) development of a larger braincase and a more complexly organized brain, (3) reduction in the maxilla (facial area), (4) increase in body size, and (5) decrease in size difference between males and females. Although it cannot be proven, the simplest conclusion is that the latter forms were descended from the earlier ones (Hurd 220, 230). There is also general agreement that the first members of our genus were living in Africa about 2.5 mya. Bones unearthed in sub-Saharan Africa have been assigned to a species named H. habilis . Crude tools found with them suggest to movie, some anthropologists a considerable cognitive leap, heralding the arrival of governance research a new genus. A contemporary eastern-African H. ergaster made an term crash, appearance probably around 1.5 mya and gandhi essay may have been responsible for paper, another technological innovation, the hand axe (Tattersall, 200l, 198-201; Tattersall and Matternes 22-25).
Some of the gandhi essay, first specimens of a new arrival, Homo erectus , were first found in Asia, and originally referred to as Peking man and Java man. Their body size approaches modern humans, although their average cranial capacity of term movie crash about 1000cc is smaller than the 1400cc average of the corporate governance research india, modern human. From skeletal evidence of movie a striding gait some hypothesize that this Homo was one of the first wanderers. Scholarship Essay Service? H. Crash? erectus appears in the fossil record from about 1.8 mya to about 200,000 years ago. Anthropologists disagree whether the species arose in Africa and migrated to Europe and the Far East, or whether their homeland was located somewhere in the latter regions (Hurd 220; Tattersall, 2001, 203; Tattersall, 2003, 42-43). A hominid species named H. heidelbergensis , found in Africa but named from later specimens found in Europe, appeared about 600,000 years ago. Uw Honors Essay? This hominid used fire, constructed huts and term movie made crude tools, including throwing spears that indicate they were hunters as well as foragers. Corporate Governance Papers? Several anthropologists speculate that H. heidelbergensis was the common ancestor of H. neanderthalensis and H. sapiens (Tattersall, 2003, 26) None of our now extinct ancestors has engendered so much fascination as the Neanderthals, thanks to the many remains which allow a more detailed reconstruction of their history. The earliest fossils, found mostly in Europe but a few also in term paper crash Africa and Asia, indicate that the Neanderthals appeared about 200,000 years ago.
The last Neanderthal disappeared from the earth only 25,000 years ago, a mere blink of an eye in the hominid timeline. Their skeletal remains show many similarities with modern humans, but there are enough differences in the forms of the skull and other features to a2 snap, argue for paper movie crash, a separate species. Their cultural remains certainly show an advance over gandhi for kids previous species, including the finest flint tools yet crafted. They also practiced inhumation (Tattersall, 2001, 204-205; Wong, 29-30). Yet anatomically modern humans, H. sapiens , who appear on the scene around 130,000 to movie, 120,000 years ago (though some anthropologist argue for an even earlier 180,000 years ago), show many cultural differences that reveal superiority in thinking and making artifacts, as well as many anatomical features that differ from their Neanderthal contemporaries. Among the latter are a smaller face, a higher forehead, and a less robust postcranial skeleton (Hurd 218).
There is also clearer evidence that these humans possessed language, and a much greater capacity for symbolic representation. Artifacts dating back to 40,000 years ago show far more variety and sophistication in essay on gimpel the fool materials and paper workmanship. Our early H. sapiens ancestors created finely-made tools, delicately worked ivory, bone and antler, ornamental beads, and essay for kids bone flutes with complex sound capabilities. Term Movie Crash? They buried their dead, and produced some of the finest art known up to that time--cave drawings, paintings, and sculptures. The human family we are members of had arrived (Tattersall, 2001, 205). There is another question that engages anthropologists: has H. sapiens descended from a widely dispersed precursor or arisen from research papers india, one location? The majority of anthropologists favor the term, Out of Africa theory.
Calling attention to the evolutionary fact that new species populations tend to emerge in one area and then spread out over a wider geographical range, its proponents argue that modern humans began in Africa and from there spread into the Near East, Asia, and Europe. Governance India? These wandering populations replaced Neanderthal and remaining H. erectus populations (Tattersall, 2003, 38-45). The opposing view has been dubbed the Multiregional Hypothesis by its advocates. Modern humans, they argue, descended from already wide-spread H. Paper Crash? erectus populations. Interbreeding between various populations led to exchanges of a2 snap varying genetic traits (gene flow), out of which emerged anatomically modern humans. Physical differences resulted from paper crash, isolated developments in different regional populations (Thorne and Wolpoff 46-53). However, a third group argues for a compromise between these two theses: Out of Africa best explains developments in essay prompt Africa and Western Eurasia, while Multiregional developments accounts for Eastern Asia phenomenon. Whatever the truth, all of the evidence from fossil and DNA studies indicates a strong biological unity of modern humans. Paper Movie Crash? We humans truly are all related. To keep this survey brief, I have had to leave out a number of details that would have provided more evidence for human evolution.
The gaps in the fossil record encourage some to essay on gimpel, continue to doubt the reality that we humans have evolved from an crash, earlier hominid species. Yet, the large number of fossils of essay for kids obviously different species makes it clear that we are not the only hominid forms that have appeared in history. And since all are genetically related, our descent from previous forms is the most likely scientific explanation. Part II: THEOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS OF HUMAN EVOLUTION. How have Christians, in particular evangelicals, reacted to the scientific evidence that a continuum exists between pre-human and human creatures?
If one believes that the creation is a kind of Book of Nature, a metaphor that theologians for centuries have used, then all of the data from fossil, genetic, and radioactive dating studies that support the conclusion that we humans have evolved from an earlier hominid species cannot simply be dismissed out of hand. But if the Christian believer takes this evidence seriously, then what is paper crash she or he to make of the biblical stories and references that appear to gandhi, depict a separate creation by movie crash God of a first man and woman? And how is one to understand that human beings are created in the image and likeness of God, in the light of human evolution? Is there a way to harmonize the evidences from the two books, as theologian Charles Hodges (1797-1878) asked? Is there a way to a2 snap biology coursework, reconcile the term paper movie crash, place of Adam in Scripture and theology with the fossil and DNA evidence that our biologically united modern human species emerged on uw honors the scene between 100,000 and 200,000 years ago?
Evangelicals have responded in various ways. For the rest of this essay, I'll briefly outline a few positions, and then conclude with theological reflections I share with many other Christians about the meaning of imago Dei , the image of God in humanity. Young earth creationists (YECs) believe that the Bible is infallible and inerrant in all areas of knowledge (see essay III), and term crash that the creation stories in Genesis 1-3 present scientific and historical truth about origins, including human origins. They interpret the text to the fool, mean that Adam was literally speaking the first human being, created directly by term movie God some 6,000 or so years ago. Since the Bible is the word of God, its statements, they assert, must be superior to any conclusions of essay on gimpel science. Arguments for human evolution, they claim, are speculative and based on only a small number of uncertain remains. Creationist J. Woodmorappe, after criticizing evolutionary interpretations of hominid fossil evidence, states that H. ergaster, erectus, heidelbergensis and neanderthalensis are all racial variants of modern man, descended from Adam and Eve and representing the separations that took place after the tower of term paper crash Babel incident (Woodmorappe 13). Anyone who has carefully examined the skeletal remains of these species will recognize that this assertion is a2 snap biology coursework without scientific merit. The differences between these species are so marked that this claim requires a rapid devolution from a common ancestor (i.e., their Adam) into hominid forms that then disappeared unremembered during historical times. The mind boggles at such a defiance of reason and common sense.
But this argument, specious as it is, does exemplify the Conflict approach to science and faith: YECs absolutely reject any evolutionary interpretation of empirical data that contradicts their literalistic interpretation of the Bible. I'll examine their methodology in a later essay. Many evangelicals accept the evidence for an ancient earth and for hominid precursors to H. sapiens and at the same time maintain that the figure of Adam in movie crash Genesis is historical. These concordists, using anthropological evidence, recognize that the a2 snap biology, writer of term paper movie crash Genesis 2-4 has described the family of Adam as cultivators of essay prompt domesticated plants and herders of animals; as well as metalworkers who made utensils and musical instruments. The biblical record, they say, describes human cultural developments in the ancient Near East that do not go back more than 10,000 years ago, the beginning of the Neolithic Age. Dick Fischer argues that Adam lived between 4,000 and movie crash 5,000 years before Christ, at the point when the Neolithic Age was merging into the Bronze Age, around 3500 BC (Fischer 1).
Others disagree with this chronology, since cities (see Gen. 4) first appear ca. 9,000 BC. If Gen. 2-4 is based on historical anthropology, then one has to account for the evidence from physical anthropology and archeology that H. sapiens appeared prior to 100,000 years ago. The concordists attempt to do so. Fischer, for scholarship essay, example, asserts that one can hold to term paper movie crash, the view that God separately created Adam and Eve, but that their descendents intermarried with an corporate governance research papers, indigenous population of term movie pre-Adamites (e.g., Cain's wife), thus merging with the long line of H. sapiens and its hominid ancestors. Adam and Eve, while historical persons, are not to be literally understood as the first humans, but rather as the essay question verbs, first God created to function as God's representatives (Fischer 1). They were the first to bear the image of God. James Hurd criticizes this argument: If Adam lived at the time of the Neolithic, how should we classify these pre-Adamic forms so abundant in term movie crash the fossil record?
If they walked like humans, worked like humans, and worshipped like humans, were they not human? Did they not have ‘godness' [i.e., the ‘image of God']? (Hurd 224-225). I would add, what sense does it make for God to separately create two humans who have the same DNA and basic protein molecules, and are similar in every other way to all humans who descended from those who appeared more than 100,000 years ago? Other scenarios have Adam and Eve appearing as early as 40,000 years ago, a time during which archeologists note a cultural explosion: the presence of more sophisticated stone tools, cave art, and ritual burials. Hugh Ross suggests on essay community service the basis of certain male chromosomal studies that all male humans are descended from a single ancestor (his Adam) who lived between 7,500 and movie 60,000 years ago (Ross). Pushing the chronology back, however, does not eliminate the objections stated above, and such an Adam would not fit the description of the Neolithic farmer and essay on gimpel his family depicted in Gen. Paper Movie? 2-4.
Imago Dei : the Image of God. There are other and better ways, I think, to understand the figures of Adam and Eve. One is to apply the principle of accommodation (described in essay III) the Holy Spirit inspired the writer of uw honors essay Genesis 2-4 to movie crash, depict the origin of humankind in a way that was comprehensible to the people of his time. Another interpretation has been adopted by essay many Christians, including some evangelicals: the term paper movie crash, figures of Adam and Eve are to be taken as representative theological symbols of humanity in its origins and not as the literal, historical first man and woman (Collins 482-488; Hyers 149). Understood in this sense, Adam and Eve in essay prompt Gen. Term Movie? 2-4 are identified with the unnamed figures of man and woman referred to in the biology coursework, separate account of term paper movie creation given in governance research papers india Genesis 1--the male and female who bear the image of God. Term Paper Movie Crash? This interpretation allows one to frame a different and essay for kids more fundamental question: how does one understand theologically the meaning of imago Dei in an evolving humanity? We shall begin by exploring interpretations of the phrase image of God itself. Historically, Christian theology has provided a number of interpretations: the image refers to the divine gifts of term paper crash love and compassion, or intellectual and moral reasoning and essay question imagination, or creativity, or free choice. In this essay, however, I shall focus on the formative biblical texts that have provided the foundation for subsequent theological reflection.
Most Protestant and Roman Catholic thinkers agree on term paper crash their meaning. In Genesis, the image of God is connected with two fundamental notions, relationship and stewardship . The first refers to essay, the relationship or communion between man and woman (and by extension within the whole human family) and the relationship between humanity and God. To display the divine image is to be in the kind of loving and harmonious relationship depicted in the chapters 1 and 2 of Genesis between God, the man and the woman, and between God and the whole creation. Stewardship extends the notion of relationship for human beings to the rest of creation: humans are given dominion and entrusted to care for, that is, to crash, serve (Gen. 2:7), the earth. Human beings are to image God by treating each other and the rest of creation in the way God intends the creation to be treated—with love and care (Miller, 1993; Finlay 20-21; Communion and Stewardship , I, chap. 1.7-10). As Malcolm Jeeves states: the meaning of gandhi ‘the image of God' is thus to be found in the human vocation, given and enabled by God to relate to God as God's partner in covenant, to join in paper movie crash companionship with the human family, and in relationship to the whole cosmos in gandhi for kids ways that reflect the covenant love of God (14, 26). Love and movie crash compassion, the very traits that can be said to be literally true of God, are the very traits that humanity is to mirror in its relationship to the creation. (I shall explore the implications of biology coursework this teaching for Christians' obligation to care for the earth in term paper a later essay.) The New Testament extends the notion of imago Dei in its declarations that Jesus Christ is the image of the invisible God (2 Cor. 4:4; Col.
1:15; Heb. 1:3). In the saving work of Christ, humanity is offered the gift of grace that enables the believer to work into the image of Christ through the power of the Holy Spirit: to be conformed to Christ, as St. Paul put it (Rom. 8:29; 2 Cor.
3:18). The divine image given in creation and disfigured through sin can be realized to its fullest by living into essay the image of Christ, for Christ became human in order to display in its wholeness the image of God, and restore it to term movie, all of humanity. Through Christ Jesus, in whom the fullness of God dwells, the believer may finally realize the fullness of communion with God, with one another in the Body of Christ, and with all of creation ( Communion and essay Stewardship , I, chap. 1.11-12). If this is the biblical understanding of what it means to be created in the image of God, then does it require a separate creation for human beings, that is, for H. sapiens , to be made in this image? Robin Collins, Grahame Finlay, Malcolm Jeeves, Keith Miller, and other evangelicals think that it does not; nor do I. As Finlay wrote, That God created human beings (Gen. 1:27; Ps. 100:3) does not imply instantaneous action. God's creation of paper crash humanity encompasses past primate history, the present, and whatever is to come. Gandhi For Kids? The sweep of human evolution illustrates how God's work of creation is a continuing relationship of term movie crash dependence between the world and God, a continuing act of God's will, an eternal covenant relationship (Finlay 16-17). And accepting the notion of an evolving human species can still leave a place for the figure of Adam as a historical reference, as Robin Collins argues.
He suggests that Adam can be seen as representing in essay on gimpel a symbolic way the term paper, father of the first group of evolving hominids who gained moral and spiritual awareness (Collins 486; without, I would suggest, insisting that one locate this awareness in verbs a specific population, time and place). Genesis itself implies that humanity and all the other living beings are made of the same stuff and given the same breath of life (Gen. 2:7, 9, 19, cf. Eccl. 3:19-21; Miller 1993), and modern science has shown that we share the same DNA and other molecules with virtually all living things (Finlay).
If the divine image has emerged in humanity through an evolutionary process, it has done so also through God's providence. It does not denigrate either God or humanity to hold that God's creative evolutionary processes brought humanity to a point where it would be capable of expressing those qualities that both Scripture and theology have associated with the image of God. (Many Christians believe that there had to be a historical Adam and Eve who fell from grace and movie crash infected humankind with original sin. Otherwise, there would not have been a need for Christ to come and save humanity. I shall address this issue in a later essay.) Concluding scientific postscript. In her book Wild Heritage , wildlife biologist Sally Carrighar describes a visit with a female orangutan in a zoo several years ago. Prompt? They sat and studied each other for some time. Paper Movie? After a while, Carrighar began to think about how all the beauty of gandhi for kids life and term movie of creatures like herself and this ape could be destroyed in a nuclear exchange. Corporate Research? It was during the Cold War: the US and the Soviet Union mutually threatened one another with massive nuclear armament. Carrighar stared at the floor of the cage, saddened by her thoughts, when she was awakened out of her meditation by a gentle touch on her arm.
She looked up and into paper crash the compassionate gaze of the uw honors prompt, orangutan, who, seeing her distress and sadness, reached out to comfort her. When I read this story many years ago, it left a deep impression on me, and I have often shared it with my students when we discussed human evolution. This moment and many others between such gentle primates and humans who have lived among them have convinced me that we share with them more than anatomical, genetic, and term paper movie molecular connections. I believe that we also share capacities for affection and compassion. Question Verbs? Stories like these give the lie to the false images we hold about other primates--of dangerous, sexually threatening, clownish and term paper movie crash dirty creatures that we shrink from seeing as our relatives. It is papers they who are in term paper crash danger from us as humans take over their habitats and poachers slaughter them in great numbers. Essay? If there is an image problem here, it is in our failure to see other primates as they really are—our cousins in creation—and reveal to them the image of God by movie crash entering into a relationship of care and compassion. Ayala, Francisco J., The Evolution of essay on gimpel the fool Life: An Overview, in An Evolving Dialogue: Theological and Scientific Perspectives on paper crash Evolution , edited by James B. Miller.
Harrodsburg, PA: Trinity Press International, 2003, p. Essay Prompt? 9-52. Bryan, William Jennings, Proposed Address in paper movie crash the Scopes Case, in The World's Most Famous Court Trial: Tennessee Evolution Case . Question Verbs? Cincinnati, OH: National Book Company, 1925, p. 320-339. Carrighar, Sally, Wild Heritage . New York: Ballantine Books, 1971. Collins, Robin, Evolution and Original Sin, in Perspectives on an Evolving Creation , ed. by Keith B. Term Crash? Miller. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2003, p. 469-501. Darwin, Charles, The Descent of Man , in Darwin , selected and edited by Philip Appleman. Norton Critical Edition. New York: W. W. Norton, 1970. Finlay, Graeme, Homo divinus : the ape that bears God's image, Science and Christian Belief 15 (2003) 17-40. (website) Fischer, Dick, In Search of the essay the fool, Historical Adam: Part I, Perspectives on crash Science and Christian Faith 45 (1993) 45ff. (website)
Hurd, James, Hominids in college scholarship essay community service the Garden? in Perspectives on an Evolving Creation , p. Term Movie? 208-233. Hyers, Conrad, The Meaning of Creation: Genesis and Modern Science . Atlanta: John Knox, 1984. International Theological Commission, Communion and Stewardship: Human Persons Created in the Image of God . Vatican City, 2002. (website) Jeeves, Malcolm, Changing portraits of human nature,' Science and Christian Belief 14 (2002) 3-32. (website) Johanson, Donald and essay verbs Maitland Edey, Lucy: the Beginnings of Humankind . New York: Simon Shuster, reissue edition, 1990.
Leakey, Meave and Alan Walker, Early hominid fossils from Africa, in New Look at Human Evolution . Scientific American Special Edition, 2003, p. 14-19. Miller, Keith B., Theological Implications of an Evolving Creation, Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 45 (1993) 150-160. Term Paper? (website) Poirier, Frank E., and gandhi essay for kids Jeffrey K. Term Movie Crash? McKee, Understanding Human Evolution , 4 th ed. NJ: Prentice Hall, 1998. Price, Peter, Biological Evolution . Forth Worth, TX: Saunders College Publishing, 1995.
Ross, Hugh, Searching for Adam Update, Reasons to Believe (website) Tattersall, Ian, Human Evolution: An Overview, in a2 snap biology coursework An Evolving Dialogue , p. 197-209. Tattersall, Ian, Once we were not alone, in New Look at term, Human Evolution , p. 22-27, Tattersall, Ian, Out of Africa Again…and Again? in New Look at Human Evolution , p.38-45. Thorne, Alan G. and Milford H. Uw Honors Prompt? Wolpoff, The multiregional evolution of humans, in paper movie crash New Look at Human Evolution , p. 46-53.
Wong, Kate, Who Were the Neanderthals? in New Look at Human Evolution , p. 28-37. Woodmorappe, John, The non transitions in ‘human evolution'—on evolutionists' terms, Creation ex nihilo Technical Journal 13 (1999, 2) 10-12. (website)