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Photos: Essay Editing at Credit Suisse. Students from lord of the flies essay Manhattan Comprehensive Night Day High School got a jump start on gray essay their college applications yesterday with one-on-one feedback from lord of the power Credit Suisse employees at define dissertation versus thesis, an Essay Editing Workshop hosted by CDI Board Member Jackie Krese and Credit Suisse#8217;s IT Women#8217;s Council. Of The Flies Power Essay? Once a year the College and Career Office at picture gray thesis, City-As-School invites former students to come back and share their successes and lord power personal journeys with current students as part of an alumni panel. Over two days in define dissertation versus thesis, February, more than a dozen alumni made their return to lord flies essay, the school from industries including film, medicine, technology, and fashion. Fahrenheit? The auditorium was full and the networking went on until the of the flies power lights had to lesson, be turned out. Of The Flies Power Essay? CAS student breaks into broadcast with Wolverine!
City-As-School student and comic book fan Tatiana Alvarez hit the a essay vacations red carpet to of the power, interview Hugh Jackman during a Logan movie fan event. See how she did in her on-screen premiere which aired this weekend on FOX and revising an essay lesson friends . Lord Flies? Student Sebastian Atiencia speaks to a representative from Manhattan’s Swedish Institute College of phd thesis Health Sciences. Flies Power? For CDI students not sure of picture gray essay thesis their plans after high school, there are plenty of options. Sometimes it’s straight to lord flies essay, college after graduation, other times it might make more sense for a student to get vocational training, take on a service learning opportunity, apprenticeship or gain other work experience before hitting the fahrenheit books again. Flies? CDI College and phd thesis Career Advisors work with students to lord power, find the right fit. On The Bible? One of the ways they do that is essay, through introducing students to what’s out revising lesson there with a combination of lord College and Career Fairs hosted at each of the 451 essay schools throughout the lord flies year. Last week, students from a essay The High School for Health Professions and Human Services gathered in the auditorium for essay, a Career Options Fair to meet with representatives from the skeleton New York City Police and of the flies Fire Departments, U.S.
Army, NPower, The Door, Year Up and several other organizations looking for a essay, bright students eager to jumpstart their careers after graduation. “I have some friends who school isn’t so much their thing. Lord Essay? We talked to the army and 451 essay the New York Fire Department. It was interesting and seems like those could be good career paths,” says Sebastian Atiencia, a junior. “It’s good to lord power, know there are a bunch of skeleton choices and more school isn’t the only way to of the flies power essay, go.” The Career Options Fair is just one way students explore different careers. CDI Advisors also bring professionals in for panel discussions, connect students to define versus, internships and lord of the essay take student groups to define thesis, visit local companies so they get a first-hand look at lord of the power, a wide selection of selected essays hazlitt professional fields. “We strive to ensure that all of our students are equipped with the necessary options and of the essay resources to on the bible, plan the best post-secondary plan for lord of the essay, themselves. It’s about developing a career, not just landing a job,” says Cristina Iavarone, a HPHS Career Advisor. Next up is the City-As-School Career Options Fair in early May. Phd Thesis? Manhattan Comprehensive Night Day High School hosts its College and Career Fair every fall. Lord Flies Power Essay? Preparation Meets Opportunity with BNY Mellon. Phd Thesis Skeleton? CDI thanks BNY Mellon for power essay, a wonderful evening of mentorship.
BNY Mellon hosted an evening of essay mentorship and of the flies power essay career planning with CDI’s own up and coming business leaders last month during Preparation Meets Opportunity. On The Poisonwood Bible? The event was hosted by the BNY Mellon IMPACT Business Resource Group, part of BNY Mellon’s Affinity Network that provides career development and of the flies power support for versus thesis, multicultural employees. Corporate volunteers met with members of CDI’s Young Men’s Leadership Program, making it the first time the young men from lord flies power essay all three of CDI’s partner schools came together to plan for dissertation versus, their career success. CDI Board member Clara Brooks, a VP at lord, BNY Mellon Wealth, brought together a committed group of essay professionals across BNY Mellon locations to lord flies, make it happen. “It was great to see young men taking an active role in their education and size 0 persuasive career paths at flies essay, a young age, very inspiring.” said Ajene Oden, a Relationship Manager from Pershing, LLC, a BNY Mellon Company. BNY Mellon panel moderator Lenue (Lenny) Singletary with panelists Christopher Sauer, Walter Smith and Ajene Oden. Ajene was part of the BNY Mellon panel that shared the triumphs and phd thesis skeleton missteps that come with carving out a career. Students asked questions and opened up about their current struggles like failing classes. They heard from lord of the essay Walter Smith, Managing Director of BNY Mellon Wealth Management Finance and connected with professionals in various stages of dissertation versus thesis their careers from lord other companies like Accenture, Goldman Sachs, HBO and Big Brothers Big Sisters of New York. A Essay On Summer Vacations? The keynote speaker was Sonni Holland, Senior Program Director at The Charles Hayden Foundation who gave his ten guidelines to lord essay, getting ahead… Number 1: Be on time.
He talked about 451 essay how a strong work ethic, having the right attitude, and taking extra steps helped him progress when he was early in lord essay, his career as a professional basketball player and his talents and skills weren’t yet fully developed. The event culminated when each student paired off with a mentor who taught an important rite of passage—how to essays, tie a tie. Student Erik Rudnicki from of the flies power essay Manhattan Comprehensive Night Day High School said it was his first time networking and vacations mingling with business people. Of The Flies? “I was nervous before, but it was great to get in that state of mind and fahrenheit thinking about preparing for interviews and of the flies power our careers,” he said. “That night gave students like me an opportunity to step up.” CDI has been working to increase events that develop youth leaders and give more students the opportunity to foster their aspirations in business settings with real insight and essays poisonwood bible feedback from working professionals across industries. This month, women step into power essay, the spotlight with career events planned at skeleton, The High School for Health Professions and of the flies Human Services for picture of dorian gray essay thesis, Women’s History Month. BNY Mellon Wealth Managing Director Walter Smith and of the flies power City-As-School student Kevin Martinez. Fahrenheit? See more photos from the event.
When Preparation Meets Opportunity. Lord Essay? Young men from all three of CDI’s partner schools gathered with business professionals at BNY Mellon on Wednesday night for a workshop on preparing themselves for future success. Bible? They gained insight into the world of work as speakers and panelists shared their own paths to of the flies essay, success before working with students one on one to essays to 1830, review resumes and lord power essay teach the define dissertation thesis power of the power tie! CDI is grateful to lord flies essay, our generous hosts the BNY Mellon IMPACT Business Resource Group. CDI is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Night Day High School. A Essay? The High School for of the essay, Health. Picture Of Dorian Essay Thesis? Professions and Human Services (HPHS) 240 Second Avenue. New York, NY 10003.
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peer checking Questions about Peer to lord, Peer Coach Training. What is a “growth-centered peer relationship”? I’m familiar with peer mentoring: how is essay, that different from peer coaching? Compared to other DVD courses we could do, what makes Peer Coaching unique? How have you incorporated adult learning methods in lord of the flies essay this training?
I’ve seen some accountability programs that tend to get controlling. How do you avoid that? What are some of the key values behind peer coaching? This whole coaching concept is new to me where is size essay, this in scripture? What is a “growth-centered peer relationship”? In most of our friendships the focus is on simply accepting and enjoying each other as we are. A growth-centered relationship is one that has a strategic purpose: we are in it so we can grow toward maturity in Christ. It’s a friendship with a growth structure: change goals, action steps, progress reports and regular get-togethers. I’m familiar with peer mentoring: how is lord of the essay, that different from phd thesis peer coaching?
The key difference between mentoring and coaching is flies, that mentoring is selected of william hazlitt, imparting to lord of the power, someone what God has given you (for instance, wisdom, insight, or experience); whereas coaching is drawing out of a person what God has given them. Coaching uses listening and asking skills to help others grow instead of advice-giving. It’s a completely different way of walking with people. Selected Essays 1778? Both types of relationships offer accountability, but the training peer coaches receive in of the flies using goals, action steps, progress reports and asking skills provides a strong, flexible structure that makes the peer relationship more effective. Compared to define dissertation versus, other DVD courses we could do, what makes Peer Coach Training unique? Several things make this program stand out. Lord Of The Power? First, it provides the resources to do coach training in your church without requiring a highly skilled facilitator to be effective. Second, it is much more interactive than most courses. Revising An Essay? Instead of listening to long input sessions followed by discussion, this training approach uses short teachings followed by of the power essay skills demos, debriefing, and hands-on practice exercises where participants try out the skills on each other. Third, this course is designed to produce structured peer coaching relationships where peer partners meet outside the class time during the week, and continue meeting long-term after the class is over. Adults learn best in interactive settings that push them to think, to draw from each other, and give them the opportunity immediately apply what they are learning in real life situations.
Instead of having people sit back and listen to extended teachings, Peer Coach Training uses short teaching segments (most are eight to twelve minutes) coupled with peer coaching demonstrations to present the key coaching skills. Define Dissertation? Participants are given certain things to look for in each demo, then discuss what they saw in a debriefing time afterward to draw insights from each other. Then, about 1/3 of the total session time is given to peer practice sessions where peers try out these skills on each other in real life an immediate application. Additional practice time is lord flies essay, provided in essays the peer coaching sessions during the week. So instead of being an academic exercise or listening to lord of the flies essay, a talking head, peer coaching training is highly interactive and provides ample time for real-life skills practice. One of the strengths of the coaching approach to accountability is define versus, that it always remains voluntary. Coaches don’t tell you what to do: they help you follow through on what you decided you want.
This makes coaching systems far less prone to becoming controlling than structures that are based on authority or imparting models. If you want to create an flies essay environment with high accountability that stays healthy, you also need to essays on the, have a high value for power essay taking responsibility for one’s own life. Coaching does that very well. The coaching approach is based on several key values. The first is believing in people: believing in their relationship with God, in their ability to picture gray thesis, find the right solution without being told, and their ability to steward the life God has given them. A second key value is that God initiates change. In coaching, we believing the change process starts with God, and that his change agenda is readily seen in what believers are motivated to work on (in other words, God is lord of the essay, able to motivate us to deal with what he wants us to deal with). Because this process is God-initiated, no coach has the power to change anyone except by getting in phd thesis skeleton step with what God is already doing. A third key value is personal responsibility. Coaches help people take responsibility for their own lives and start taking the flies steps that move them where they want to go. Coaches don’t solve your problems for you: they help you discover that together with God you have the ability to face the challenges life has given you.
There are a specific set of techniques used in coaching, and you’ll see many of them demonstrated in scripture. (For instance, study some time how often Jesus answers a question with a question, or how many times he turns circumstances into phd thesis skeleton teachable moments). But the biblical nature of power essay, coaching is found less in its outward expressions than it is in its heart and values. Essays On The Poisonwood Bible? Coaching is working at change with people the way God works with us. We listen because God listens and God listens because he loves and lord essay, delights in us. We challenge people to take responsibility for their lives, because scripture is clear that each individual will stand before God and picture thesis, give an account for essay all that they have done. Techniques come and go with the ages, but the heart of coaching taps into some central facets of the heart of God as expressed in scripture. Uses and Benefits of Peer Coaching.
What are the outcomes of this course? What can I expect it to accomplish? What topics do the nine program sessions cover? If I am just interested in learning more about coaching and 0 persuasive essay, getting some basic training, would this work for me? Can I use these materials to train my small group coaches? Can I use this to deepen relationships in my group? Will this give me a structured way to help people grow? What will my group get out of doing peer coach training?
Is there any structure for of the flies power essay continuing the peer relationships after the course is phd thesis, over? What are the outcomes of of the flies power essay, this course? What can I expect it to accomplish? Peer Coach Training is designed to accomplish two main goals: it provides a structure to help people form lasting, growth-centered peer relationships, and essays poisonwood, it provides basic training in coaching skills. By the time you are finished, each person will have formed an flies essay authentic friendship with a peer, established a habit of phd thesis, meeting regularly with that partner for support and accountability, and will have learned the basics of how to help others grow without telling them what to do. Accountable relationships are a key component in walking out the Christian faith. Of The Power Essay? When applied consistently, the principles people learn in peer coach training will cause them to grow faster, stay more focused on what God is doing in their lives, and become mature, solid disciples of Christ. Since the main objectives are relationship building and developing coaching skills, those are the major topics. Relationship building sessions cover developing authentic relationships, healthy accountability, and how to form covenantal peer relationships.
Coaching topics we cover include asking skills, creating SMART growth goals, techniques for problem-solving the coaching way, developing concrete action steps, and size essay, offering support and encouragement. A great way to learn to coach is to find a partner, purchase the Peer Coaching Independent Study , and go through the training together. Since the program includes discussion times and peer practice exercises, you’ll get much more out of it if you go through the materials with a partner. If you just want a first-time exposure to coaching, you can also purchase the Peer Coaching DVD Set or the DVDs and a Workbook and work through the flies power video portion of the materials on your own. A schedule for reading along in the book Leadership Coaching is included in the Workbook this is another great way to an essay, accentuate the learning experience. Yes. Of The Flies? Since a major focus of the materials is revising an essay lesson, coach training, just going through this program will develop people’s coaching skills.
If you want to focus solely on coaching and not on building peer relationships, schedules are provided in the Facilitator’s Guide for doing the of the training sessions back to back in a workshop format. Getting copies of the book Leadership Coaching for participants is a great addition to the program when you are doing it for coach training purposes. Absolutely! Peer coach training provides a structured way to develop relationships. Many of the essays on the poisonwood bible training exercises we do (like sharing our life stories, making a covenant together, or meeting regularly outside the of the flies power essay group) are specifically designed to cultivate a close relationship between peers. If you want people to get closer but aren’t sure how, peer coaching can be a great way to go! Yes, that is what peer coaching is all about. Each person will reflect on God’s change agenda for their life, develop a personal growth goal, create action steps to work toward, and experience being supported and held accountable by a peer as they work toward that goal. Peer coaching is a growth system: it moves Christian growth from a hit-or-miss process to thesis, something structured and lord power essay, strategic.
This can impact your team at many levels. Picture Essay? First, your relationships will deepen and become more authentic. Of The? Second, the structure and strategy for personal growth will tend to create more maturity in essays poisonwood bible your team. Another benefit is that as people get used to being accountable and allowing others into their lives, you’ll find it easier to of the power essay, work through problems and conflicts. The sense of purpose about define dissertation versus, growth can be very attractive, too: there is nothing to get people excited about walking with God like seeing real transformation in of the their own lives. The whole idea of this program is to build relationships where peers continue to meet regularly and work together long after the training is over. A key to this is that peers start meeting outside the group sessions in week four. By the end of the training, they have already met four times on their own. This is designed to get them over the initial “getting started” hump to where the peer relationship is self-sustaining.
We’ve also provided a whole section of resources in the Facilitator’s Guide for essays on the poisonwood bible keeping these relationships going. Of The Essay? There is an outline for how to share testimonies of of dorian gray essay thesis, what God has done through your peer to lord essay, peer relationships, a sample recommitment ceremony and refocusing process you can use periodically, and more. We’ve also included info on how to grow your peer groups and incorporate newcomers so your peer relationships can grow with your group. What formats can I do this in (workshop, weekly course, etc.)? What does the schedule look like if I want to define dissertation versus, use this just to offer basic coach training, instead of to set up accountable peer relationships? How much time does the whole program take?
How much time does each session take? What does a typical training session look like? Do people have homework outside of the group sessions? What are the best times of year to start this program? What is the optimal group size for Peer Coach Training? I lead a cell group that is power essay, designed for growth. Is there a way for these peer groups to incorporate newcomers and grow with my group? What formats is the program offered in (workshop, weekly course, etc.)?
Peer Coach Training is designed for two basic formats: a nine-week course (orientation session plus eight training sessions) or a half-day kick-off workshop plus five weekly sessions. Schedules for both are found in the Facilitator’s Guide . If you are using the materials only for the coach training, two additional formats are available: two half-day workshops or one all-day workshop. These schedules are also found in the Facilitator’s Guide . The workshop formats cannot be used to develop accountable peer relationships, because they omit the actual peer to peer sessions that are done during the week between the group sessions. If you do it as a nine-week course, each week includes one group session plus 30 to 45 minutes of action steps participants take during the week. Gray? These add up to 1.5 to 2.25 hours per week for nine weeks. The group training sessions can be done as standalone meetings (you are getting together just to offer peer coaching) in this case, plan 90 minutes for each session. Lord Flies Power? You can also offer the on the poisonwood training to an existing group (like a small group or women’s group) during that group’s regular meeting time. In this situation, plan 60 to 75 minutes for each session.
Our training sessions use a “Tell Show Discuss Do” training model. Of The Power? A typical session begins with a short accountability exercise where peers give each other a progress report on versus thesis the action steps they did during the week. We do this throughout the training to build a pattern of effective peer-to-peer accountability in the participants’ lives. Next, you’ll view a 10-minute teaching session (the “tell” component) followed by a coaching demonstration where the skills we are teaching are modeled (“shown”) by of the essay a coach. A debriefing is used to bring out the coaching principles the participants observed in the demo (“discuss”). Of Dorian Gray Essay? Then everyone gets a chance to of the flies, practice that skill with a partner in a 20-minute peer breakout exercise (“do”). This makes for highly interactive sessions: usually only define about 10 minutes of lord of the essay, a session is videotaped teaching.
Yes participants are expected to do 30 to 45 minutes of outside work each week. Here’s why this is important. The objective of the training is to help people start accountable peer-to-peer relationships where they meet on their own during the week. To reinforce this habit, we start doing these outside peer appointments in versus thesis week 4. That way, by the time the group sessions conclude the peer pairs have already met for a month. If we didn’t start the lord of the power peer appointments during the training, most of the peer pairs would probably never meet at essay all. Power? So the “homework” (we call it “action steps”) makes a big difference in the success of the define dissertation versus program. Since regular attendance is crucial in this program, try to do it at a time when you people can be there most every week.
The best times are spring and lord of the power essay, fall. Size 0 Persuasive? Although summertime can work, many people go on vacation, especially around and after the 4th of July. Of The Flies Power Essay? Over the define versus Christmas holidays is probably the worst time December is always up for flies grabs, and taking a three week hiatus will undermine all continuity. So January to April and September to October will be the selected of william hazlitt 1778 best start times for most groups. A group size could be anywhere from 6 to 100 or more. Small group size (10 to 20) is great if you can do it that way in lord of the power a smaller group more people participate in the discussions and there is more of a sense of picture gray essay, group identity. Doing the training with a group that has already been together for some time and will continue to meet after the training provides the best support for maintaining long-term peer coaching relationships. The Facilitator’s Guide includes procedures for growing pairs into triads and then multiplying them back to pairs as your group grows. It’s a great way to incorporate newcomers: just think what would happen if every new person was quickly incorporated into a relationship with two others who meet every week for lord flies lunch! We’ve also provided materials like the size 0 persuasive Independent Study Package that can be used to bring new people up to speed on coaching without having to lord essay, rerun the whole training program. Leading and selected 1778, Promoting Peer Coach Training.
What will I have to lord of the power essay, do as the define dissertation thesis facilitator of this program? The facilitator’s main responsibility is to lead the group training sessions. Lord Flies? These sessions typically consist of thesis, viewing a short video clip or two, leading a discussion of the video, and then organizing people in peer-to-peer breakouts where they will work independently. You are also responsible for a short follow-up e-mail between meetings. Do I need any special training (or do I need to lord flies, be a coach) to lead this? You don’t need any special training to offer the Peer Coaching program all the hard parts are on the DVD. Hazlitt To 1830? Of course, any coach training you have had will certainly help, as will reading the book Leadership Coaching that comes with your Facilitator’s Package . To learn more about coaching, check out some of the other books, CDs and free coaching articles available on Coach22.com. The Facilitator’s Guide has a four-page outline for each training session. To get ready for a session, you’ll read two chapters in the book, Leadership Coaching (figure 30 minutes) preview the video clips for that session (20 minutes), and study the session outline in of the flies power essay the Facilitator’s Guide (30 minutes).
So figure one and skeleton, a quarter to flies essay, two hours of prep time per session. You keep mentioning “debriefings”. What’s the difference between a debriefing and a discussion? In most video curriculums, you listen to lesson, a teacher and then discuss what that person said and how to apply it. These sessions are a little different: most of the discussion times follow a coaching demonstration.
Instead of stating all the coaching principles explicitly, we act them out in of the a demo, then specially craft the debriefing questions to size 0 persuasive, help the group discover those principles from what they saw. Lord Of The Flies Power? This learning method produces much greater retention and deeper understanding on essay the part of the participants. A great place to lord, start is to picture of dorian thesis, show them the brochure and a clip or two from the flies DVD. Another excellent approach is to identify a growth-centered relationship in your own life, and an essay lesson, share about the impact that had on you. Make sure people understand how this program will benefit them. Start promoting well in flies power advance, talk about this often, and bring people into the decision-making process wherever appropriate. The Facilitator’s Guide includes a section of skeleton, resources on how to cast a vision for peer coaching. The Facilitator’s Guide includes a whole section on lord of the flies power essay how to recruit people for peer coach training. 10 color brochures and a 60-second promotional video are included with the Facilitator’s Package . More resources are available on essays of william 1778 the Peer Coaching Resource s page make sure and check that out. The most important key to promoting peer coaching is to making sure people really understand what they are getting into, what they will get out of it, and that they are bought-into the flies essay process.
Far and away the most important factor is buy-in. Coaching only works when people are internally motivated, because it is designed to picture thesis, help people take responsibility for their own lives. People who are doing peer to peer coach training because their leader pressured them into it, or because they have to for their jobs, or just because the rest of the group is doing it will be much less successful at sustaining their peer relationships. It is crucial that you as a leader give people a good picture of what they are getting into and that you get a strong “yes!” from them to of the flies power, doing the program. Size? The second most important factor is of the, securing regular attendance: that means choosing a schedule, format, and recruiting in a way that people make this a priority. Of William? Don’t fall into the trap of measuring your success by the size of the group you can get to come to the first meeting!
You will be much better off with a smaller group that is really committed to this program than if you gather a large group of of the power essay, tire-kickers and end up with a high drop-out rate.
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5 surprising secrets of a killer McKinsey resume. Haven#8217;t you always wondered what a McKinsey resume looks like? Today, we have for you a post on the 5 things you should know about submitting your resume to McKinsey. Of The Flies! After the rave reviews we received from our McKinsey firm profile, we decided to give you even more insight on picture of dorian thesis the world#8217;s top consulting firm this time letting you in on the secrets of what it takes to lord of the flies power make it past the essays on the bible resume screen at McKinsey. Lord Of The Essay! Now, there are the standard set of rules for define versus your consulting resume that apply for any firm a results-oriented resume, formatting consistency, using proactive language, quantifying competitive accomplishments, providing context for key activities, etc. and you can get more on those in lord of the essay, our Resume Cover Letter Bible. These 5 tips below, however, are focused specifically on McKinsey . So for all of versus, you McKinseyite wannabes, this one#8217;s for you! June is resume month at MC, and as such, we focus all of our posts on flies power essay that same topic consulting resumes. Selected Hazlitt 1778! This year we also honored resume month with our 2nd annual free resume review giveaway which filled up in less than 9 minutes! 50 lucky MC subscribers received a free resume review , and the 300+ more who didn#8217;t make the 50-person cut-off received a private discount code to use for resume editing services. We#8217;ll be sending out another special this month, so check back often, follow us on Facebook, or subscribe to our mailing list to stay tuned. Here are the lord of the flies power essay 5 things you should know about submitting your resume to McKinsey.
1. Of Dorian Gray Thesis! A Harvard business degree isn#8217;t enough. Flies! McKinsey hires the define thesis best of Harvard#8217;s best, so just being from Harvard isn#8217;t good enough. We#8217;re talking about the most prestigious consulting firm in lord of the, the world here so a regular ol#8217; degree from Stanford or INSEAD isn#8217;t sufficient to get you to size essay the interview round. The competition at McKinsey is more than stiff it#8217;s almost impossible. Without prestigious leadership experience on your resume e.g., if your highest achievement is Student Body Treasurer or you made the Dean#8217;s list 50% of the time don#8217;t even bother applying. Your family may be gushing with pride over your accomplishments, but you won#8217;t make it past the flies power essay firm#8217;s resume screen. Significant achievements that will get you considered are things like President of define dissertation versus, your Consulting Club, Founder of a company, a summer internship at a brand-name firm, inventor of a new surgical technology, or a Ph.D. in some cutting edge and radical new research. A knock-out McKinsey candidate is an influencer the next Elon Musk, Mark Zuckerberg, or Arianna Huffington with a variety of interests that make you uniquely and powerfully you.
You#8217;re Type A, polished, and a winner when you run, you#8217;re elected; when you compete, you win. Does this sound like the type of experience you have? If so, you#8217;ve got a good chance. If not, either start obtaining it or consider back-up options. Flies Power! 2. Don#8217;t use the McKinsey buzzwords, DEMONSTRATE them. McKinsey buzzwords include structure , credibility , and credentials. Don#8217;t use these terms on your resume a McKinsey recruiter will see right through that. Anyone can say they#8217;re great at using structure to solve problems. You#8217;re much better off giving an example that presents the problem, briefly explains how you approached it, and what the results were. Your resume should give clear, concise examples that demonstrate each of these McKinsey qualities. Structure Weave a story that presents a problem you faced, the structured approach you took to solving it including breaking the problem into its component parts, and the positive results you achieved.
On the job, you will rely on best practice work (i.e., the same report, but for a different company or industry) to get the job done so if you can show you#8217;ve done this before, you#8217;re golden. Credibility An internship with McKinsey is going to be the best credibility you can offer , however, internships or work experience at Fortune 500 firms will work in your favor too. Other non-profit experiences can additionally give you an up, like a term with Teach for America, as long as that#8217;s not all you#8217;ve done (otherwise, the sudden interest in of dorian thesis, business might be suspect). Basically, anything you can include on your resume that shows you went through a rigorous selection process and came out on top is lord power, going to win you points with a McKinsey recruiter. Credentials A McKinsey candidate will have graduated from a top international school with Honors, received a Rhodes or Fulbright Scholarship, won an Olympic gold medal, or wrote speeches for the President. Your credentials must be seriously impressive to be considered McKinsey-worthy, so include the most prestigious scholarships, merit awards, and lesson industry accolades that you can on your resume. Lord Flies Power! 3. McKinsey staffs globally, so show them you#8217;re ready to go global.
Under McKinsey#8217;s global staffing model, you’ll work on phd thesis project engagements with 5-6 member teams pulled from locations around the world. Even if a client doesn#8217;t demand your presence on-site, you#8217;ll need to fly to connect with your team. That means you#8217;ll be traveling 100% of the time. What does this mean for your resume? Well, an internship with Deutsche Bank in lord of the, Germany paired with an economics study abroad program in Argentina is going to convey your ability to get along with multi-national teams, handle living/working in another country, and demonstrate maturity traveling/living on on the your own.
This isn#8217;t necessarily a make or break for your application, but it will definitely have a positive influence on power essay the review team. I started my first consulting firm while I was living in an essay lesson, South Africa, and of the it was focused on Corporate Social Responsibility. I worked with international governments, local South African bureaucrats, and multinational company#8217;s business leaders to implement and measure the impact of business-focused programs. Yes, I had top grades from a great school and had won awards while there#8230;but it was my international experience on top of all that that put me on McKinsey#8217;s radar as an experienced hire. A resume that includes language skills and international experience e.g., study/work abroad, international competitions, globetrotting, etc. will get you that much closer to a McKinsey interview slot as long as there is a consistent theme of excellence. 4. A well-structured, black-and-white 1-page resume is what McKinsey recruiters are looking for. Don#8217;t get creative on on the bible your resume. Stick with a very basic, black-and-white presentation that tells your story with context and impact. Rely on your pedigree, internships, and relevant work experience to provide the impact you want not on of the flies essay too-frequently bolded fonts, excessive titles in italics , or confusing formatting choices.
You#8217;re going to be representing a highly-established firm with Fortune 500 C-level executives, the majority of whom are older and picture gray essay probably more conservative than you. Everything from your attire to your resume must reflect that you know and appreciate what that means. McKinsey wants you to be highly intelligent, yet predictable. Creativity on power your resume is appreciated, but only in define dissertation thesis, terms of what you#8217;re presenting your experience, etc. not in how you present it. One key exception McKinsey does accept longer resumes/CVs outside the U.S. Lord Of The Flies Power! The absolute maximum, however, is 2 pages, and selected essays of william 1778 you should have at of the power essay, least 5 years of professional work experience if you#8217;re going to of dorian gray essay thesis justify having a longer presentation of lord of the power, your education and experience. Most that we see in the 3-5 page range are stocked with 50% nonsense and fluff, so we bring out the axe and pare it down to essentials. McKinsey has a subject matter expert track and a generalist track , and versus its Bain and BCG counterparts moves consultants into specific practices early on, such as logistics or HR.
Because McKinsey hires candidates into specific areas of expertise, the firm is more open to considering applications from candidates who#8217;ve chosen not to essays on the bible go the typical MBA route. In fact, more than 50% of lord of the, McKinsey consultants don#8217;t have a graduate degree in business. If your education and/or work experience is #8220;outside the norm,#8221; don#8217;t be afraid to highlight that on your resume. Here#8217;s another tip if you do have a specialization outside of versus, business, research McKinsey#8217;s Insight weekend a swanky, 2 day informational conference for hot target prospective consultants, held at a Ritz Carlton near you. Having been accepted to one of these events is flies power, almost as strong as having a McKinsey internship on your resume . Size 0 Persuasive! It shows you#8217;ve already been vetted, moving you one step closer to the inner circle. Pretty sure that you don#8217;t have McKinsey credentials yet? Let#8217;s talk about your next steps here. Should you blindly apply and lord flies power hope for the best, or send them some tragic sob story explaining why your grades are so terrible?
Should you give up completely? If you#8217;re really serious about consulting, get strategic about your application to versus McKinsey and take a long-term view. Don#8217;t have brand-name experience on your resume? Get some. Don#8217;t have a top degree? Go back to school. Didn#8217;t win an flies power, award? Try harder, build a magical company, or get creative in your free time. Essays Poisonwood! Remember, McKinsey consultants aren#8217;t born they are made. So get started on the tasks that will make you an incredible asset to an already incredible firm!
We hope you enjoyed these insights into your consulting resume for McKinsey. Stay tuned for our next post on how MBB recruiters read consulting resumes. Best of luck! The arrogance displayed in this article is a big reason why people go to work for BCG or Bain instead. Clients hate it too. Seriously, tone it down. You may have a few gold medalists, but most are not. Power! I was a top-tier consultant for 10 years, and this post reminds me why I#8217;m glad I left. Thinking you are the best and selected of william 1778 to 1830 actually being it are two different things. I get the feeling, McK specializes on the thinking part. #8220;A knock-out McKinsey candidate is an influencer – the next Elon Musk, Mark Zuckerberg#8221; WHY WOULD MARK ZUCKERBERG WORK FOR MCKINSEY WHEN HE CAN BUY IT? This translates to, why would the next Zuckerburg work for of the McKinsey when they can open up their own business and make far more money and become far more credible.
Having worked for lesson a big Top 10 firm in the past, the biggest problem I noticed was the of the essay sheer arrogance and sense of entitlement that seemed to permeate virtually everything the essays on the bible organization did and of the stood for. It didn#8217;t give a rat#8217;s a$$ about its clients. The only thing that seemed to on the bible matter was making equity associate or partner and power essay pushing billables past Pluto#8217;s orbit. Yes, we can see why this article is slanted. While the intent of the article seems to help candidates looking at McKinsey. I doubt it will do that.
The article portrays the firms consultants so high that it is essays on the poisonwood, difficult for of the essay most aspirants to reach there, infact it may turn them away from picture gray a consulting job. Of The Power Essay! The article creates a sense of dispair #8220;I am not as good as this#8221; feeling. Being a current consultant and one with a Harvard degree, I do not want to skeleton work in a culture like this. But, any aspirant should look at McKinsey#8217;s website and study their resources and employee interviews, which are organized by role and geography. The tone of the of the power essay website is more #8216;humble#8217; than this article. This article is laugh out picture of dorian essay thesis, loud nonsense! I do not see any one taking credit for this #8220;gem#8221; wonder why the author will not share their #8220;credentials#8221; and #8220;credibility#8221;?! I agree with the lord comments below: tone and revising an essay content of this article is silly posturing and offensive drivel. Author sounds like he/she is a Gordon Gekko groupie with no practical experience.
Big 4/McKinsey/BCG/Bain clients pay a great deal of money for consulting services from the #8220;best of the best#8221;. Clients put their faith in us and value our experience because we deliver results period. Posturing, arrogance and lord of the power essay salivating over versus thesis, a conference at the Ritz Carlton are career limiting values, indicative of an amateur who will never be successful as a consultant. I have won many clients and of the power essay engagements after a client has fired a consultant/firm. Their biggest complaint? The consultant was #8220;all talk, full of themselves and never delivered#8221;. This is disgraceful given the amount of revising an essay lesson, money and trust clients put into their consulting partners. The key to a long, successful career in consulting is simple: treat your clients with respect, deliver on your promises. As always, consultants glorifying McKinsey. I know many undergrads who partied their way through college with a liberal arts major, and are still working at essay, McKinsey.
Consulting is for of william people who (a) have no idea what they want to do with their lives or (b) are smart but unskilled laborers. Can#8217;t wait for of the essay the Elon#8217;s and skeleton Mark#8217;s of the world to aggregate the quants and build the data science teams that put McKinsey out of lord power, business. When you#8217;ve been spied on by people who did have this resume, you do tend to define suspect that you#8217;ve got things they#8217;ve not got. It tells you that McKinsey doesn#8217;t have the lord of the flies power essay best inside the firm, so it has to steal it from outside the firm. You don#8217;t reach that level by essays on the following a production line approach, you do so by going where no-one has gone before.
And anyone who knows anything about flies power essay that, knows that sometimes you#8217;ll succeed, and essay sometimes, you#8217;ll fail. Lord! Because Mckinsey is size 0 persuasive, intolerant of lord essay, any failure, it should have no credibility in the fields of size 0 persuasive, entrepreneurship, risk capital, top-down reinvention of a firm or anything which actually involves risk taking. It should have no credibility in of the flies power, revolutionising anything. Thesis! Steve Jobs would spit on what is lord of the essay, written here by McKinsey. Phd Thesis Skeleton! He won big but he also failed. He was worth more than the entire Senior Partners of lord flies essay, Mckinsey.
By a long way. What McKinsey wants are what Hollywood calls: #8216;Close, but no cigar#8217; types of picture gray essay, people. Dull worthies who never made a mistake because they never took a risk of any significant magnitude. That#8217;s fine but it#8217;s about lord of the essay time that this myth was blown out of the water. Rhodes/Fulbright Scholars are spies recruited to spy. They are not revolutionaries. The most important and of william hazlitt 1778 to 1830 true thing in that article is of the flies power essay, that Mckinsey people are OCD.
If they haven#8217;t realised that working for hazlitt 1778 an OCD is the most destructive concept for any self-motivated, graduate-level revolutionary thinker, they failed Consulting 101. OCDs should be running surgical theatres, they should be managing mission-critical aspects of space programs, they should be writing computer code. They should coaching sports folks where attention to of the power essay details and marginal gains are imperative. They should not be managing creative people, revolutionary people, emancipated people. They destroy people like that through jealousy, enmity, thuggery, power games and destructive vindictiveness. OCDs are OCDs because they are too scared to face their own inner demons. Selected Hazlitt To 1830! That#8217;s why they are OCDs. Flies Power Essay! The day they overcome their inner demons is the day that their OCD propensities will disappear. Now I hope this helps people understand the truth about Mckinsey because you#8217;ll never get it out of an essay, them in 100 years.
Oh, and remember when you go to interview: they#8217;ll have bugged the room so don#8217;t get up to anything naughty. Lord Of The Power! You#8217;re supposed to be a married-for-life monogamous boring stuffed shirt. Unless they are sucking up to revising lesson President Bill Clinton of course, who can do whatever the heck he wants#8230;#8230;and frequently did. Of The Flies Power Essay! If you fought in of william hazlitt 1778 to 1830, Bosnia and can see through the interview dynamics, go work somewhere else. Of The Flies Power Essay! Admiring 23 year olds from Oxbridge fit in much better. haha. wow you guys are getting totally destroyed in the comments below#8230; not a bad article fwiw but I do agree there#8217;s an arrogance about consulting + the world in general that#8217;s perpetuated by the author#8217;s way of thinking.
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English 245: Film Form and Culture. Sound in the Opening Montage. “This is the end…” Actually, just the lord of the essay, beginning, of Apocalypse Now . In class, I showed the of dorian gray thesis, opening scene of the lord of the flies essay, film but didn’t say much about versus thesis, it. That’s because it’s a very well-known – and brilliant – use of sound in the film. It functions as an lord of the flies power unconventional overture, as it introduces not only an essay lesson, Captain Willard, the main character, but also some of the lord flies power, major themes in the film. Let me focus on the song for a moment. The song you hear on the soundtrack during the opening montage is an essay “The End” by lord of the power The Doors. Why a song about the end at the beginning of the film? Because it indicates the end of of dorian gray thesis Captain Willard’s illusions about the war, and lord power the end of America’s illusions as well.
The film was made in 1979, four years after the Vietnam War ended, and it was a bitter, soul-searching time – what President Jimmy Carter infamously called a time of “malaise” in the country. The United States had lost a war for the first time in its history; it’s technological prowess and superiority had been bested by a rag-tag communist liberation army. This opening scene is an essay much more about 1979 than 1969 (around the time the film is set). If the director Francis Ford Coppola had chosen a different song, even a different song by The Doors, the effect and the message would have been quite different. I should note that the film came out before popular music (rather than a composed score) became the norm for movie soundtracks. This innovation in Apocalypse Now suggests that Coppola chose the song for the way it helped communicate the deeper meaning of his film. In your textbook, the authors write about the “use of sound to indicate character subjectivity” (236). They also mention that “often diegetic music reveals character traits” (237). All this is true of the use of the song at the beginning of lord of the power Apocalypse Now . Versus Thesis! It takes us inside the boozy head of Willard in the hotel room. It reveals to us what Willard is thinking, in all it surreal contours.
We hear other sounds mediated through Willard’s subjectivity in this scene, such as the distorted sound of a ceiling fan, which turns into the distorted sound of helicopter blades – the ubiquitous sound we hear throughout the film, and throughout most Vietnam War films (Korean War films too, such as Robert Altman’s M.A.S.H. ). Lord Flies Power! These are sounds that Willard is hearing. The fact that the sound is distorted tells us it’s coming from Willard’s subjective viewpoint. So, just as camera shots can be subjective (such as the shot of the reflection of the snow-globe at the beginning of bible Citizen Kane ), so too can sounds. One of the best ways to use sound to lord of the flies power get into the head of characters is the revising lesson, voice-over. As you know, there is plenty of that in Apocalypse Now . The very first line that Willard utters in voice-over signals the unconventional use of this device in the film: “Saigon. Shit. . . . Still in Saigon.” In this one line, heard alongside the music of a marching band outside the of the power essay, window, Willard not only swears, but shows his utter revulsion in regards to the war, while at the same time showing that he can’t wait to phd thesis get back to lord flies power the jungle. Like a lot of soldiers in Vietnam, and elsewhere in other wars, Willard hates the war but is lost and unmotivated without it.
It gives his life meaning. I think you would agree with me (and disagree with the script-writing guru Robert McKee [of Adaptation ]) that, in Apocalypse Now , the voice-over is vital, not only for presenting vital information about character and plot, but for taking us inside the head of the lead character, revealing to us his subjective take on the insanity of war. This is the famous scene where the 0 persuasive essay, cowboy-surfer Colonel Kilgore bombs a Vietnamese village “back to of the flies power the Stone Age,” destroying a village in order to save it. He provides a soundtrack for phd thesis his bombing raid: “The Ride of the lord power, Valkyries,” from a Richard Wagner opera. Your textbook authors explain: The choice of music is an intertextual reference to [D. Essays Bible! W. Griffiths’s film] The Birth of a Nation , whose original score featured Wagner’s music accompanying the Ku Klux Klan’s triumphant charge. Of The! Moreover, the choice of Wagner here is a historical reference to German fascism, as Adolf Hitler admired Wagner’s music and the composer’s anti-Semitic writing. (260). As the textbook authors note, there is dissertation versus parallel sound editing in this scene, as the choppers blaring Wagner alternate with shots of a quiet village, where only the sound of children can be heard, and then a relatively soft alarm bell. The sound of the of the essay, loud choppers and music slowly builds in versus thesis, the shots of the quiet village, creating a sense of dread.
The textbook authors explain that. The abrupt movement from of the flies power loud to soft shifts the audience’s identification, so that the excitement audiences might otherwise share with the soldiers onscreen gives way to empathy for the villagers. Sound editor Walter Murch’s manipulation of volume in this scene puts audiences in the position of the attacked, as well as the attacker. (260). This split identification not only defines the audience’s experience, but also the experience of the war on the “home-front,” with the American populace nearly split on the justness of the Vietnam War. The use of sound in this part of the film is also part of a larger sound design in the film, in size, which periods of quiet alternate with bombastic noise. Characters having to yell over the sound of shooting, bombing, and the cries of the wounded (and the sound of a priest saying mass during the raid, and the sound of a cow being lifted by a helicopter, etc.) – or use radio or megaphones – is power essay not bad sound design. The noise is an inescapable part of modern, mechanized war.
In the essays on the bible, first half of the film, the audience is encouraged to identify the noise with modern American society, and the quiet with rural Vietnam. It illustrates this statement by your textbook authors: “Because dialogue tends to overwhelm sound effects, those rare moments when sound effects do compete with dialogue are particularly important” (251). In regards to sound in lord power essay, films, if it’s soft and hard to hear, it’s important. The quieter it is on the soundtrack, the harder you should listen. Let me illustrate the revising an essay lesson, sound vs. silence rhythm in Apocalypse Now by focusing on a quiet scene that comes between the lord of the flies, loud and disturbing opening montage, and the much louder Air Cavalry scene. This is define dissertation a scene that I discussed in class, where Willard meets with three men in lord flies power, the private quarters of a general, and is given his mission to on the poisonwood kill Colonel Kurtz. First, there’s the background music in the scene (which you really have to lord of the power listen for). It’s what we would call “muzak,” or “easy-listening” music. It defines the of dorian thesis, general and the scene, in contradistinction to the way noise defines Kilgore and his Air Cavalry. It indicates that the lord essay, general is phd thesis skeleton genteel, and a little prissy – or, at the very least, old (at a time when hippies and activists in the counterculture were urging young people “not to trust anyone over 30”). To emphasize this, we see a number of lord close-ups of the general’s soft hands and fancy eating utensils, not to mention the delicacies they are eating during the poisonwood bible, scene.
In this scene, we also hear Col. Kurtz for the first time, on power essay audio-tape. Essays! It’s significant that Kurtz is introduced in the film via sound. It’s even more significant that what we hear are the ramblings of power essay a madman. The tape really represents what the general and his adjutants want to essays poisonwood bible hear. We hear a very different Kurtz later, when he reads from Time Magazine to impress upon the captured Willard that the military establishment is lying to the American people (and suggesting that mainstream publications like Time Magazine have become vehicles of war propaganda). It was the “silent partner” that I concentrated on when we discussed this scene in class. The “silent partner,” unlike the other two men, is wearing civilian clothes. He is most likely CIA. He does have one line, and it’s an important one: he says, “terminate with extreme prejudice.” What this basically means is: “do whatever you need to lord of the flies do to kill Kurtz.” With this one line, the CIA officer basically issues the order to WIllard to kill Kurtz.
In this, he shows that he is the revising, real one in charge, even in “mufti” (civilian clothes). This is Coppola’s way of power showing that the war was secretly run by the CIA and picture of dorian gray other clandestine outfits, undermining the traditional military command structure. Lord Power! Coppola does this by using soft sounds in picture, the aural mise-en-scene. Kilgore is bombastic in his conduct of the war, but it is the secretive CIA – the of the flies power, “silent partner” – that really runs things behind the an essay, scenes. Silence in the Temple of Horror. Much more could be said about lord of the flies power essay, sound in Apocalypse Now , particularly the music on the soundtrack used to define different characters and revising an essay lesson different scenes . There are a lot of synthesizers on the soundtrack, but they are not used the same way in every scene. The music soundtrack, instead, varies the music for different scenes. If you listen closely enough, you’ll hear one theme during battles, another theme when the boat crew is at of the flies essay the French plantation, another theme when the boat crew approaches Kurtz’s compound, etc. For instance, the Kurtz music is softer, more “Asian” in tone, with flutes and gongs, as opposed to the more dissonant and industrial music heard when the boat crew is on selected essays of william hazlitt to 1830 the river. I also have to point out the brilliant and devastating use of sound in the scene where Clean dies.
You’ll remember that when Clean was shot he was listening a recording tape sent to lord of the flies him by his mother, and it continues on phd thesis the soundtrack as the crew on the boat deal with Clean’s death (with the exception of Lance, who is more concerned with the missing puppy). We hear his mother say, basically, don’t get shot and come back to us in power, one piece, while the dead, shot Clean lies on the deck of the boat. For the rest of this entry I would like to focus on the use of size 0 persuasive silence in flies essay, the second half of the film. The first half of Apocalypse Now is phd thesis much louder than the second, since the essay, first half is set in war-zones and much of the second half is set in Kurtz’s compound in the Buddhist temple. Versus Thesis! But I don’t want you to come to the conclusion that you, as a viewer, are meant to hate the American military establishment and the war (because it’s noisy), and sympathize with Kurtz (because he, and his temple, are relatively quiet). Rather, as in the scene in the general’s quarters, we should be suspicious of the quiet, because some people do terrible things under the cover of silence. Case in point, Colonel Kurtz. Kurtz is a soft-spoken man who is drawn to the contemplative quiet of the Buddhist temple where he resides.
There he can read his poetry (mostly T. S. Eliot) in peace. He is also prone to long rambling, one-sided philosophical discussions with Willard, who barely says a word while he is Kurtz’s “guest.” The nameless photojournalist, played by Dennis Hopper (“Jordy” Jr. in Giant ) constantly expresses his inability to articulate things the way Kurtz can. “I wish I had the words…” he says at one point. But inarticulation is also one of Kurtz’s preoccupations. During one of of the his monologues, Kurtz says: “Words can’t describe what is ‘necessary’ to those who don’t know what horror is.” Kurtz knows what horror is, and he knows it can’t be suppressed by silence. In fact, the horror whispers in the shadows of the compound. For instance, often times on the soundtrack you can hear flies buzzing.
These are the size essay, flies that are feeding on the many corpses littering Kurtz’s compound. The silence can’t block out the flies; instead, the silence makes the sound audible. You would never be able to hear the flies during the battle scenes in the film. Nor would you notice them if, instead, the lord of the, soundtrack played up the cries of the dead and dying in the compound. Of Dorian! That would have been too obvious: it is the horror in the silence that Coppola wants us to hear. Eventually we come to realize that the quiet in the Buddhist temple is anything but peaceful.
It is part of Kurtz’s insane tyranny: he commands it. That’s why the people are so quiet there. It’s one of the first things the viewer (or rather hearer) notices when Willard, in power, the boat, arrives at Kurtz’s compound. Define Dissertation Thesis! There are lots of people there on the dock and the shore, but none of of the power essay them utters a sound. In fact, they scatter when the quiet is disturbed by the boat’s siren.
They’re inarticulate because they are not allowed to define versus thesis speak. Similarly, when Willard finally kills Kurtz, and exits the temple, he is greeted by a large, utterly silent, crowd. Willard is the new chief, the lord power essay, new tyrant. Willard might be seduced by essays poisonwood bible this deceptive silence, knowing that it’s a accoutrement of command and power, but instead he rejects it. He will instead return to the noisy, messy world. Apocalypse Now ends with Kurtz’s dying words: “the horror, the horror.” They are whispered, barely heard, which is appropriate since it is in the quiet that the lord of the flies essay, horror manifests itself. That is, the film suggests that it’s the silence that brings out a person’s inner demons, not the bombast of war. War and of william 1778 its horrors are represented by more than bombs bursting and voices booming over power essay megaphones. War is also represented – or cloaked – by quiet, by whispered conversations in silent temples, even by poetry. In the end, that’s what the size 0 persuasive, Vietnam War means to Coppola; it has infiltrated, even colonized, the silent interstices of the mind.
Never again will war be known only by the sounds of explosions. It will also be known by the softer sounds of implosions, of minds going slowly mad. University of Maryland. The Male Gaze in Alfred Hitchcock’s Psycho. Last week in class I mentioned that I planned to of the power write a blog entry comparing Hitchcock’s Psycho with Michael Powell’s Peeping Tom , which came out the same year (1960). Revising An Essay! Like Psycho , Peeping Tom is a story about a psychopathic serial killer. I also mentioned that the reception of the lord of the essay, two films was radically different. Hitchcock’s had a huge commercial and critical success with his film, whereas Powell’s film was a commercial flop and define versus thesis a critical disaster.
Powell was practically “blacklisted” in flies essay, movies for years afterward. The purpose of bible my blog entry was to figure out why these two films did so differently in lord essay, the movie theaters and in movie reviews. I have some ideas in this direction, but I decided that this was too much to take on right now. The Peeping Tom with his camera. I do want to write something on essay Psycho , by itself, in relation to lord of the flies what is essays on the called “the Male Gaze.” According to Glen Johnson, “the Male Gaze” (or “The Gaze”) is. a concept introduced by Laura Mulvey (“Visual Pleasure Narrative Cinema,” 1975) to characterize cinema as an instrument of male spectatorship.
Classical cinema produces images of lord flies essay women reflecting male sexual fantasies. Mulvey went so far as to suggest that the cinematic apparatus (the camera, as well as darkened theaters and other viewing practices) is coded as male. Feminist critics frequently consider filmic point of essay view (including reaction shots, showing who gets to look) as an indication of power or control within the movie. Bob Bednar adds that Mulvey’s. essay outlines an idea about the “male gaze” in which men have the of the power essay, power to actively look upon passive female bodies. Women became objectified objects, symbols of castration with no agency or power. Cinema functions within in this by allowing women to always be on display for the male viewer.
Obviously, this idea is problematic, for revising lesson not all viewers of film are male, and lord of the flies power not all females are represented as simply something scopophilic. Essays! Still, Mulvey’s idea about the male gaze has some validity to of the flies power it, which we find in Hitchcock’s films. Simply put, the Male Gaze refers to revising lesson the idea that the lord essay, point of view in Hollywood films is male, and that women are usually presented on screen for the sexual pleasure of phd thesis men. Lord Flies Power Essay! Mulvey builds a whole Freudian, psychoanalytic apparatus around this, but I will spare you the details (you can go ahead and read it here, if you like). In my online research, I found quite a few articles on size 0 persuasive essay Hitchcock and the Male Gaze (as well as a few student blogs!). This is not surprising, given that Hitchcock’s Rear Window is Mulvey’s textbook example of the Male Gaze at work. Other critics have examined the Male Gaze in other films by lord of the flies power Hitchcock. This includes Psycho . (Besides Rear Window and Psycho , other Hitchcock films that have been studied in terms of the Male Gaze are Vertigo and Notorious ). The gist of many of these studies (including Mulvey’s) is that Hitchcock was a misogynist (someone who hates women) who exploited women for fun and revising profit. Scottie, with his camera, in lord flies, Rear Window . For instance, in The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and Feminist Theory , Tania Modleski describes how.
in Film Studies, Hitchcock is often viewed as the archetypal misogynist, who invites his audience to indulge their most sadistic fantasies against the female. Some critics have even argued that Hitchcock’s work is prototypical of the extremely violent assaults on women that make up so much of our entertainment today. . . . As might be expected, such films are usually thought to appeal largely to males; women, it is of dorian gray claimed, can enjoy such films only by assuming the position of ‘masochists’. Rape and violence, it would appear, effectively silence and subdue not only the woman in the films – the one who would threaten patriarchal law and power order through the force of her anarchic desires – but also the women watching the films: female spectators and female critics. (17). But some critics, including feminist critics, refuse to damn Hitchcock as an inveterate woman-hater. The iconoclastic feminist cultural critic Camille Paglia (who wrote about skeleton, Hitchcock in her controversial book Sexual Personae , and wrote a study of Hitchcock’s The Birds for lord flies power essay the British Film Institute), said in a 1999 interview: From the moment feminism began to solidify its ideology in the early ’70s, Hitchcock became a whipping boy for feminist theory. I’ve been very vocal about my opposition to the simplistic theory of “the male gaze” that is associated with Laura Mulvey (and that she herself has moved somewhat away from) and that has taken over feminist film studies to a vampiric degree in the last 25 years. Essay! The idea that a man looking at or a director filming a beautiful woman makes her an object, makes her passive beneath the lord of the flies essay, male gaze which seeks control over woman by essays bible turning her into mere matter, into “meat” – I think this was utter nonsense from the power, start. . . . It was an size 0 persuasive essay a priori theory: First there was feminist ideology, asserting that history is nothing but male oppression and female victimization, and then came this theory – the “victim” model of feminism applied wholesale to works of culture. I agree with Paglia that Psycho is not the film of a misogynist; quite the contrary.
But the basis of my defense is lord essay not feminist theory, but rather film theory. Revising An Essay Lesson! Let’s call it the “Self-Awareness Defense” (Note: Self-reflexivity, a term you’ve been introduced to and which will be important in the second half of the course, is a term quite similar to essay “self-awareness”). Dissertation Thesis! That is, Hitchcock knows what he is doing, and essay he makes sure the viewer knows what he’s doing. Hitchcock doesn’t leer at women in his films, neither does he encourage other viewers to 0 persuasive leer; he instead exposes the machinery of of the power misogyny, the of dorian gray essay, workings of the Male Gaze, to the viewer. We can test my “Self-Awareness” thesis by looking at Psycho . The partially-clothed Marion Crane is often on display in Psycho . And she is often watched by men. Travis Carr writes that. Before main character Marion Crane even reaches the Bates Motel she is being watched; she is of the flies questioned and then followed all the size 0 persuasive, way to Los Angeles by a far-too-diligent cop after spending the night in lord essay, her car on the side of an isolated desert road. The scenes involving the cop are fairly obvious in their voyeuristic qualities, with the cop intently watching Marion from across the street as she hurriedly buys a used car.
But Marion was being watched even before that. In the essay, opening scene, the long pan/zoom shot, the camera creeps into the window of a bedroom, the hotel room where Marion and Sam are having their tryst. Lord Of The Power Essay! But making it seem so obvious, with the camera acting like a “peeping tom,” Hitchcock draws attention to it. He is selected essays to 1830 self-aware about it, which means he tries to make the viewer aware of power essay it. Evangeline Spachis also notices that. throughout the first half of the narrative, Marion Crane is the on the, subject of a number of gazes, from the leering Mr. Cassidy in lord flies essay, the office, to the suspicious Police Officer and picture of dorian essay ultimately by Norman Bates.
These gazes are represented both technically (camera angles, point of shot) and by the script and lord power essay the representation of the characters. A number of critics, Spachis included, dwell upon the police officer: As a viewer who knows of Marion’s activities, we . . . An Essay! feel he is being overly invasive and therefore implicates us in the crime also. The dark, opaque sunglasses the of the power, officer wears seem intrusive, aggressive and block the essay thesis, viewer (and Marion) a chance to interpret his character via his eyes. In large part because of the flies power essay, sunglasses, the film viewer never really takes on the point of view of the police officer in phd thesis skeleton, this scene. Lord Of The! The viewer doesn’t see what the police officer sees, but rather sees the police officer seeing. That is, Hitchcock shows us the skeleton, officer leering – he exposes him – rather than let us share the officer’s leering point of view. This is another example of how Hitchcock is flies self-aware in Psycho . The parlor scene is another example. There is a lot of looking and being watched in this scene.
Spachis describes the scene: The parlor room in which they have lunch is filled with Norman’s stuffed birds, many frozen in full flight indicating perhaps the action of capture and the bird’s all-seeing point of view on its prey. Norman’s declaration to Marion: “You, you eat like a bird” reinforces the interpretation that Norman has an essay ‘eagle-eye’ view of Marion. Spachis reads the stuffed birds as extensions of Norman’s Male Gaze. But the Male Gaze becomes much more pertinent at the end of the scene, when Marion leaves and Norman peeks at lord of the her as she prepares to take her fateful shower. Carr writes:
After Marion leaves the parlor for her room, Norman watches her through a peep hole in dissertation, the wall, the camera zooming in on his eye. This time, though, what Norman gazes upon is far more overtly sexual than anything previously; he watches Marion undress and prepare for a shower, and when the camera assumes the viewpoint of Norman the audience itself becomes an objectifying voyeur. The importance of this “peeping tom” moment is that we see that it is a “peeping tom” moment. Lord Of The Flies Power Essay! Hitchcock makes sure we see it. Norman spies on Marion through a peep-hole hidden behind a painting. The light from Marion’s room illuminates Norman’s eye in profile nearing closer to the hole in the wall. The camera shifts to phd thesis skeleton Norman’s point of view and instantly implicates the viewer in the voyeurism. We are both shocked at his invasion of her privacy and lord of the essay yet cannot turn away. Spying on Marion getting undressed invites us to skeleton witness the cause of Norman’s arousal and the manifestation of his desire from behind a wall – forever kept apart from any possible sexual gratification.
Moments later, the famous shower scene occurs. For both Carr and Spachis, the lord, shot of Norman peeping at Marion implicates the viewer as voyeur. Hitchcock is saying: “Look, you’re a voyeur too!” When you watch this kind of scene, and find pleasure in it, you are participating in phd thesis, a patriarchal system that treats women like sex objects. Alan Vanneman suggests something similar: For the fourth time, with Norman’s assistance, we will spy on Marion in power essay, a bedroom. An Essay! We are complicit with Norman here, thankful that he lets us see Marion undressed once more (though angry when he blocks our view). Lord Of The Essay! The extraordinary close-up of Norman’s eye, filling the of william, screen, reminds us of the watchful camera (the first entrance into lord of the flies power, Sam and Marion’s hotel room, the tracking shots of the envelope stuffed with cash and the suitcase) and the relentless eyes of Mr. Cassidy and the state trooper. I would just like to re-iterate something that Vanneman mentions: the viewer has seen Marion in a bedroom, in various stages of dress, three times before Norman peeks at her through the wall.
During those three other times, we just accepted that we were watching Marion in the bedroom. We didn’t notice we were watching. But now, after we have briefly taken on Norman’s point of view as we peeped Marion, being in a bedroom is no longer innocent. We are aware of what it means now. Then there is the famous shower scene, when Norman in the guise of his mother attacks Marion with a knife. Define Versus Thesis! Some critics read this scene as the epitome of the Male Gaze, and see Norman’s attack as a pseudo-rape. Carr writes that this scene, all rapid cuts and screams, goes so far as to visualize the violent scopophilic rape that Laura Mulvey discussed in flies power essay, her article “Visual Pleasure and 0 persuasive Narrative Cinema”.
It is an onscreen manifestation of the of the power essay, male’s desire to “rape” the female, and Marion’s murder (in which the audience is forced to, at times, assume the role of the murderer himself) is tantamount to that. On a side note, after her death, the camera zooms in on her lifeless eye, furthering the notion of the gaze. Modleski argues that the shower scene is “an opportunity for the presumed male audience to see their deep-set sadistic desires played out on screen. This idea is emphasised in Laura Mulvey’s famous article ‘Visual Pleasure and essays of william 1778 to 1830 Narrative Cinema’ (1975). . Flies! . Selected Hazlitt! . If this scene was in reverse (as in, the lord of the essay, camera viewpoint was from Marion’s perspective) the effectiveness of the scene would be lost.” Spachis notes all the “allusions to the voyeuristic eye” in the scene: the size essay, shower-head, the drain, Marion’s dead eye. Vanneman claims that. the brilliance of the scene is that it keeps us relentlessly in the very middle of a horrifying event – we feel as if we are seeing “everything,” far more than we want to flies essay see – without ever becoming merely sadistic or gruesome.
To a very great extent the violence is implied, though we certainly have no sense of censorship. Essays Poisonwood Bible! In part, we are caught between two desires, the desire to lord of the power essay see the naked body of 0 persuasive essay a beautiful woman (Hitchcock has been teasing us with this for the whole film), and the desire not to see a brutal murder. But Hitchcock won’t give us the one without the other. But it’s not just a matter of of the flies Hitchcock making the viewer pay for his or her desire by of dorian gray essay forcing the him or her to witness a murder. It’s that he makes us witness a murder to show us the of the flies power, end result of desire. Hitchcock is self-aware about gray essay, watching in the shower scene, and if the viewer follows his lead, the viewer will become aware too. He ruins our enjoyment for the sake of lord flies a greater awareness of the way men, in particular, objectify women when watching films.
The basic premise of what I’m arguing is that if Hitchcock were a vehicle for the Male Gaze, he would not be so obvious about it, pointing it out to the viewing audience; he would make the experience of define dissertation versus thesis watching women for sexual pleasure seamless and invisible. But instead he keeps reminding the lord flies essay, viewer of what they are watching, how they are watching, and, to some extent, why they are watching. Hitchcock is self-aware so that we might be aware. If all this is still a little blurry, don’t worry. We’ll be talking much more about self-awareness in film in the second half of the course. University of Maryland. Bob Bednar, “Mulvey”, Alfred Hitchcock: A Visual Analysis (a website for COM 783: Visual Communication, a class at picture of dorian essay Southwestern University) Travis Carr, “Voyeurism the Male Gaze in Psycho (1960)”, Yahoo! Voices : Glen Johnson, “Feminist film theory,” MDIA-ENG 451: Hitchcock (course taught at Catholic University of lord America, Spring 2013) Modleski, Tania, The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and Feminist Theory (New York: Methuen, Inc., 1988).
Evangeline Spachis, “Drawing back the shower curtain: Voyeurism in Hitchcock’s ‘Psycho’ (1960)”, Girl on Film (blog): Michael Sragow, “ The Savage Id” (Interview with Camille Paglia), Salon (website): Alan Vanneman, “‘Here’s Lookin’ at You, Kid!’: Alfred Hitchcock and Psycho ,” Bright Lights Film Journal. In your textbook, in the chapter on editing, there are a couple examples of editing in 0 persuasive, Psycho (there’s also an essay, at of the power the end of the chapter, on editing in Alfred Hitchcock’s Notorious ). The first example analyzes the editing in the scene set in the parlor of the Bates hotel where Marion Crane gets to know (perhaps a little too much) about the reclusive Norman Bates. It is an example of how timing in the cuts, and alternating camera placement within the of dorian thesis, cuts, is lord of the power essay significant. At the beginning of the of dorian gray essay thesis, scene, the timing and the camera angles, in the shot/reverse shot sequence, are fairly conventional. But as the conversation between Marion and Norman gets darker, the lord flies, timing changes to show emotional responses by both Marion and Norman, and the camera angles become more distorted and disturbing. The second instance of editing in Psycho mentioned in essays hazlitt 1778 to 1830, the textbook is the short sequence that shows the murder of the essay, private investigator, Arbogast, at define dissertation versus the knife-wielding hands of Norman – or rather, Norman’s mother. This is an example of lord of the flies power collage – encouraging “the audience to compare and contrast the cinematographic qualities of each shot” ( Film: A Critical Introduction 193). The scene begins with a shot from high above the action, in the stair landing on the second floor, and then cuts to a close up of Arbogast, as he is being stabbed, and essays hazlitt falling backwards down the stairs.
The textbook authors quote Hitchcock himself to explain the significance of the editing here: The main reason for raising the flies, camera [to an overhead shot] was to get the contrast between the long shot and the close-up of the big head as the knife came down on him. It was like music, you see, the high shot with the violins and suddenly the big head with the brass instruments clashing. The textbook authors say, of this quote, that it “suggests how the director was acutely aware of the hazlitt 1778 to 1830, way abrupt changes in camera positioning can evoke an emotional response.” The juxtaposition of shots also shows how editing gives the audience an opportunity to compare/contrast the distinctive mise-en-scene, and power cinematography, of single shots cut together. Define Dissertation! Like the other formal film elements we’ve discussed in class, editing usually works in flies power essay, conjunction with other formal film elements. The textbook authors don’t discuss Hitchcock’s use of the same overhead shot – though much more drawn out – a little later in 0 persuasive, the film when Norman carries his mother down-stairs. Lord Of The Essay! Since there isn’t a cut to something else, in this case, it would seem that Hitchcock was more than just trying to juxtapose two shots for aesthetic effect.
Hitchcock was also interested in dissertation versus, distancing, and disorienting, the flies essay, viewer, as he often does with his cinematography and editing. I should also mention that, in terms of cinematography, the shot of 0 persuasive Arbogast falling down the stairs is distinctive. It is an example of the “trombone” shot that Hitchcock made famous in Vertigo . This unsettling shot involves focusing in on an object at the same time that the of the flies essay, camera is size essay moved backwards, or vice versa. It is optically confusing and causes discomfort and lord flies power misapprehension in the audience. (We see the same trombone shot, reversed, when Arbogast is define dissertation versus walking up the stairs.) In class, I showed you a few other instances of editing in Psycho . I began with the establishing shot at the beginning of the film, which is actually a number of zoom shots edited together, transporting the lord of the flies power essay, viewer into the hotel room where Sam and Marion have just finished having sex (it is essays on the poisonwood implied). The shot/reverse shot editing in the hotel room show the intimacy between the two, before they begin discussing the difficult dilemma they are in (she has no money, and Sam has no money because of of the flies essay alimony payments, so they can’t get married), at which point the shot/reverse shot shows distance between them. I will have more to say about the intrusive camera in revising an essay, this scene, in another post. Then I showed you an example of an eye-line match cut, in the scene where Marion is deciding whether she will steal the lord essay, money, or not. Throughout the scene, the editing shows Marion glancing nervously at the money, undecided but certainly tempted. Essays Of William Hazlitt 1778! Eventually, she decides to flies take the money; and this sets up the most prominent “McGuffin” in the film (a McGuffin is a plot element that forwards the plot, though often misleading the audience as to the true direction of the plot, becoming a “red herring”).
Then we looked at the sequence in which Marion flees Phoenix in selected essays of william hazlitt, her car, with the stolen money. Initially the shot/reverse shot builds suspense by quick cutting between a distressed Marion and an obscured view of a rain-drenched road. Once Marion decides to stop her car at the side of the road to sleep, the editing slows significantly. Then we have the tense shot/reverse shot of Marion and the policeman in sun-glasses, in which camera angles are important: the policeman is lord flies power essay seen in an extreme close up shot from poisonwood bible a low angle, which, along with the fact that we can’t see his eyes, makes him an ominous figure. Meanwhile, we see Marion in medium close up from a high angle shot, which makes her look smaller compared to the policeman. This sequence is followed by another series of tense shot/reverse shots, as Marion drives down the road followed by the policeman. We see Marion, again distressed, with the police car behind her in the shot; and then, to emphasize Marion’s anxiety, the of the flies, camera cuts to shots of the police car in the rear-view mirror. I would have been deficient as a film professor if, in class, I hadn’t discussed the bible, editing of the famous shower scene in Psycho . Of The Power Essay! When we went over it in lesson, class, I demonstrated (by counting) how the thirty or so cuts we see, once Marion steps into the shower, creates a sense of frenetic action and a feeling of disorientation in the audience, due to the dizzying array of multiple camera angles and the variety of zooms (close-up, extreme close up). Let me add that, as the lord of the power, camera usually has a point of view, the editing in this scene subtly forces the phd thesis skeleton, audience to take on Norman’s crazed point of view. The frenetically-paced and flies power essay confusing editing in the shower scene is by now quite common in horror and suspense films, but when Hitchcock did it, it was new and somewhat controversial.
There are a couple other instances of picture gray thesis editing in Psycho that I should mention. In the scene where Norman is watching Marion’s car – with all of Marion’s effects, including, unbeknownst to Norman, the money Marion stole – the pacing of the editing of the shot/reverse slows down. Instead of flies essay creating suspense by speeding up the cuts (as in the scenes where Marion is fleeing with the money, and in the shower scene), the longer shots in this scene, along with the more leisurely pacing of cuts, give us ample opportunity to bible see Norman’s anxiety, coupled with relatively long shots of a car that refuses to sink. In this case, speeding up the cuts would undermine rather than enhance the suspense in the scene. One reason Hitchcock is so methodical and careful in this sequence is flies essay that the sinking of the car represents Norman’s psychological repression of the heinous deed that he, not his mother, perpetrated. According to this reading, the swamp represents Norman’s unconscious. While the final shot of the film, showing the essays poisonwood bible, car being dragged from the swamp (reversing the lord of the power essay, shot that shows it sinking), represents Norman’s crime coming to light. Finally, Hitchcock provides us with a good example of skeleton parallel editing (cross-cutting) in the scene where Sam and Lila (Marion’s sister) go to the Bates motel to investigate.
We have shots of Sam talking with Norman, stalling for time, and cross-cuts to Lila seeking Mrs. Bates in the house. This, like much of the editing in the film (and like most instances of of the power essay parallel editing), is 0 persuasive done to create suspense. One of the interesting things about the cross-cutting here is that while Sam rather aggressively interrogates Norman, accusing him of killing Marion to steal the $40,000, Lila – by way of many eyeline-match cuts – finds ample evidence in the mise-en-scene of of the power Norman’s arrested development and insanity. An Essay Lesson! That is, Sam is of the flies power essay dead wrong in his approach, while Lila inadvertently gets to skeleton the bottom of things, just by closely observing the details in Norman’s home. Happy Halloween from Norman’s mom, three weeks early. Don’t eat too much candy so you can have pearly white teeth like mine!
Citizen Kane and Cinematography: Highlights. With it’s use of of the flies essay deep focus, strange shot angles, and impossible crane shots, the cinematography of Citizen Kane is justly famous and picture essay thesis has been hugely influential. The irony is that cinematographer Gregg Toland’s unsettling and idiosyncratic use of the camera may have been part of the reason why Citizen Kane was not a commercial or critical success when the film was first released. I’ve already posted the notes I took when I was watching the film only for the cinematography. Here I will elaborate upon some of the of the power, more innovative uses of selected hazlitt 1778 to 1830 cinematography in Citizen Kane . 1. Snow globe reflection shot (2:40 – 2:46). Coming near the beginning of the film, this is one of the more striking shots in lord of the flies essay, the film. Using the broken snow globe that the dying Kane held in his hand, Toland shot the revising lesson, reflection of lord flies power essay a nurse entering the room. Size 0 Persuasive! It is a bizarre and yet artistic shot that reflects the distorted, subjective POV (point-of-view) of Kane at the moment of his death. 2. Mock newsreel cinematography (3:12 – 12:27).
This montage, done in the style of film newsreels (which were shown before most feature presentations at the time Citizen Kane was released), has a lot of inventive camera and of the film work. We see many low angle shots of the buildings at Xanadu, Kane’s “pleasure palace.” We also see a couple extreme high-angle plane shots from far above Xanadu. Often, when the human figure is featured in the shot, low angles denote the POV of a powerful figure in the frame and, conversely, high angles typically show a dominated figure. But sometimes, as is the case in the mock newsreel, both low and high angle shots are used to highlight something unusually large or extensive (Xanadu and 0 persuasive essay the many things owned by lord flies essay Kane).
Both are used to communicate power. Note also the grainy look of the size 0 persuasive essay, older film excerpts. This was done intentionally to give these excerpts the look of very old movies, by way of film processing, choice of film stock, and/or scratching the film itself. 3. Crane shot introducing Susan Alexander (14:25 – 14:58). I discussed this shot in class. Though it is made to look like one long crane shot, it is really three crane shots edited together using dissolves. The famous crane shot in Orson Welles’s Touch of power essay Evil is actually just one take, which makes it more impressive than three crane shots edited together (and shows the advance of camera technology). The Susan Alexander crane shot repeats 1:25:19 – 1:25:36, and, reversed, 1:47:05 – 1:47:12. 4. The relationship of phd thesis skeleton Kane and Thatcher (23:08, 24:48 – 27:15).
At 23:08, we have a low-angle shot of Mr Thatcher towering over the boy Kane at his first Christmas in New York city. We then have a montage of different newspaper headlines and the older Thatcher’s response to them; in the final instance of this, there is a dissolve that takes the viewer to a shot of Kane and Thatcher at lord of the Kane’s Inquirer office. Phd Thesis Skeleton! During the scene, Thatcher cedes the foreground to Kane, and also diminishes in lord flies, the shot. He begins, once again, by towering over Kane, but by the end of the thesis, scene Kane is of the power essay decidedly taller. I wrote about figure placement and power dynamics in Giant . Similar dynamics are in play in of dorian essay, this scene in of the essay, Citizen Kane . 5. Revising An Essay! Deep focus shot at Kane’s party (40:08 – 45:11). This scene begins with a trick shot that involves cinematography and flies power editing. Essays On The! We see, reflected in a window, the logo of Kane’s rival The New York Chronicle superimposed upon Kane, Leland, and Bernstein.
The camera zooms in on a photograph of the ten “star” journalists working for the Chronicle . Then the photograph comes alive and we are taken a couple years into the future when the lord flies, ten journalists now work for Kane’s New York Inquirer . In the scene that ensues, at a party for Kane, there are many striking close-ups and deep focus shots. There is one sequence where we have an extreme close-up of Bernstein and Leland singing. Then we have, from three different angles, a conversation between Bernstein and Leland. Some of these shots show Leland and Bernstein from the front, with Kane reflected in a window. As is often the case with deep focus shots, particularly in Citizen Kane , the figures in the foreground discuss the figure in essays poisonwood, the background (in this case, Leland and lord of the Bernstein are in the foreground discussing Kane in revising an essay lesson, the background). At one moment, Leland exhales smoke from a cigar and it covers over the figure of Kane in the window. Here the camera suggests Leland’s suspicion (later confirmed) that Kane’s principles are shallow: they are merely smoke and mirrors. 6. Susan at the opera (1:17:26 – 1:17:31; 1:29:42 – 1:30:32). The scene in flies essay, which Susan makes her opera debut is played twice in the film, once from Leland’s point of view, and then from Susan’s point of view. In the Leland POV shot, we see Susan on stage from the front, and then the camera cranes up until we come to two lowly stagehands high above the action, as Susan sings.
One holds his nose to indicate what he (and Leland and just about everybody besides Kane) thinks about Susan’s singing. When it comes time for Susan to essays on the poisonwood narrate her opera debut, we see her from behind the stage. So, we have a front shot from the audience (Leland) and power essay a back shot from the dissertation, wings (Susan), to indicate two different points of view. From Susan’s POV, we also get a shot of a shadowy Kane watching from high above the stage. This shows Kane’s dominance of Susan (from her POV). We see a similar shot shortly after this in which a shadowy Kane overshadows Susan (1:34:42). Right before this, there is an extraordinary montage (1:34:46 – 1:35:25) showing triple super-impositions of lord of the newspaper headlines, Susan singing, and stage lights (eventually the gray thesis, stage lights are replaced by Kane). This is certainly creative shot-making, but the effect is lord flies power essay due more to editing than cinematography. 7. The reporters come to Xanadu (1:51:18 – 1:56:35). Near the end of the film, when the reporter Thompson interviews Kane’s valet Paul, there is a lot of essays bible interesting camera work. First, there is the eternal regression mirror shot that shows a reflection of a reflection of a reflection ad infinitum of Kane . This summarizes not only Paul’s view of Kane, but also the view of the reporters trying to track down “Rosebud.” The image suggests that Kane is lord flies power nothing but a series of reflections, without real substance.
At the very end of the film, Thompson makes this explicit by define dissertation thesis saying that Kane is nothing but a jig-saw puzzle with pieces missing. This brings us back to the idea, suggested by lord essay the fragmented narrative told by five narrators, that Kane is not only unknowing but unknowable. Following the infinite regression shot, there are a number of crane shots, deep focus shots, and revising an essay zooms that show the huge spaces of Xanadu, filled with “loot,” after Kane’s death. All that is left are his possessions, and some of these – including Kane’s most cherished “junk,” such as his sled – are thrown on the fire. This suggests the transience of things, which will pass away in time. And when they are gone, the owner will be lost to memory. Though the word Xanadu comes from the poetry of the British Romantic Samuel Taylor Coleridge, another poem by flies power essay another Romantic poet, Percy Shelley, epitomizes Kane at the end of his life: And on the pedestal these words appear: ‘My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings: Look on my works, ye mighty, and despair!’ Nothing beside remains. Round the decay.
Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare, The lone and thesis level sands stretch far away’ (“Ozymandias”). University of Maryland. Citizen Kane and Cinematography: Film Viewing Notes. opening: crane shot up to show three different kinds of fence (3 shots edited) (repeated at end, but reversed: 1:56:43 – 1:56:56) opening: succession of shots that get closer and closer to lord xanadu.
snow globe shot (distorted POV) mock-newsreel cinematography (low angle shot of xanadu, plane shot, grainy film stock, pans, close ups, hand-held camera) crane shot to introduce susan alexander 14:25 – 14:58. (repeated 1:25:19 – 1:25:36) (repeated, reversed 1:47:05 – 1:47:12) kane and thatcher (movement foreground to background, low and high angle shots) kane sells newspapers (deep focus) from portait picture of ten journalists to “come alive” shot (Chronicle to Inquirer journalists) Kane’s party (deep focus) leland’s story (double exposure dissolve) kane political rally (long zoom, distance to object, low and high angle shots) leland’s view of opera house (beginning of shot susan from audience POV, crane shot up) susan’s view of phd thesis skeleton opera house (shot now from backstage, showing change to lord of the flies susan’s POV) kane’s view of susan at opera house (high angle shot) kane towers over susan. montage of susan’s opera reviews (triple impositions) susan ill foreground, (deep focus foreground and on the background – foreground sedative and flies essay glass replaced by doctor’s black bag) kane infinite regress mirror shot. closing up xanadu (crane shots, deep focus, distance to objects, zoom out and in) The Controversial Wunderkind Orson Welles. Before making his first film, Citizen Kane , Orson Welles was already considered something of a boy-wonder, having made a great success on Broadway and on gray thesis the radio in his early twenties. Of The Essay! Welles became a national sensation with his Mercury Theater radio broadcast of H. G. Wells’s The War of the Worlds on Halloween night in essays on the bible, 1938. As a result, Gary Simmons notes, “Welles was almost universally regarded as a precocious and prodigious talent who was given free rein in the making of Citizen Kane —highly unusual at a time when films were largely controlled and shaped by the studio system” (139). In 1939, RKO Pictures courted the 24-year-old wunderkind and offered him a contract to direct films at flies power essay RKO. Welles’s first project was to be Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness , but this was abandoned when he went over gray pre-production budget.
He was given final cut for Citizen Kane if he didn’t go over essay budget. This time he didn’t. The film was released according to Welles’s vision. Dennis Bingham argues that Citizen Kane “is the studio era’s outstanding anomaly, the work that subverts the system in almost every way while taking full advantage of the resources of the size 0 persuasive essay, studio – the first American mainstream art film” (50). The Ballad of Hearst and Welles. Even before it was finished, the lord essay, newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst had heard the 0 persuasive essay, rumors swirling around Hollywood that Welles’s forthcoming Citizen Kane was a thinly veiled attack upon Hearst. Hearst very quickly marshaled his considerable forces in order to destroy the film and Welles himself.Hearst attempted to buy the lord of the power essay, film negatives and all copies of Citizen Kane so that he could destroy them. He initiated a campaign in his newspapers demonizing the film and Welles. Define Versus Thesis! Hearst wouldn’t let his newspapers review Citizen Kane , and refused to essay publicize RKO films. It might not have been just a personal vendetta: Hearst’s film production company, Cosmopolitan Pictures, produced the kind of “Great Man” biopics that Welles was parodying with Citizen Kane . All this is discussed in the 1995 documentary film The Battle of Citizen Kane . Largely as a result of Hearst’s opposition, after showing in a few movie theaters in big cities, Citizen Kane was locked up in RKO’s vaults and was unavailable until the late 1950s, only after which it was hailed by critics as one of the best films ever made. Since the 1960s, critics have been on the look-out for “Hollywood directors who managed to create interesting and innovative works of film art within the artistic constraints imposed by dissertation versus thesis the studio system.
The studio ‘factory’ was seen to have produced its auteurs against the grain of artistic standardisation and economic regulation” (Street 52). Welles is often consider something of a poster child (and cautionary tale) for flies power essay the Hollywood auteur. The Martyrdom of of dorian gray essay thesis Orson Welles. It wasn’t just Hearst that had it in for Welles. In the history of Hollywood film, Welles is considered by some a tragic figure, an lord of the power essay artist brought low by his own hubris and the envy of others. For instance, Welles did not have final cut for The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), the film he made after Citizen Kane . After it tested poorly in previews, largely because the picture of dorian essay, ending was thought to be depressing, Welles’s producers at RKO cut an hour out of the film and tacked on a happy ending.
They also destroyed the of the flies essay, footage they removed so that the film could not be reconstructed. This was done while Welles was in Brazil shooting a documentary. Many – Welles among them – consider this as the beginning of the end of an essay lesson Welles’s Hollywood career. He made most of his subsequent films outside of the United States, on shoe-string budgets, the power essay, money coming largely from his acting fees. There is good reason to believe that Welles the revising an essay lesson, auteur was destroyed by the Hollywood studio system. This was because, according to essay David Thomson, he was “a young man who intended to defy Hollywood, and essays on the poisonwood who could have spelled out why its factory was as bad for critical thinking and progress as the New York Inquirer [Kane’s newspaper in Citizen Kane ). Welles was revolutionary and self-destructive, and he would be adopted by the many cultural anxieties that perceived Hollywood as a rotten place and a delusion” (45). Best Ever? Not Even the Best of 1941. For many film viewers and critics, it is flies power a terrible scandal that Citizen Kane , supposedly the picture of dorian essay thesis, Greatest Film Ever Made, did not win the Academy Award for Best Picture (or many Academy Awards at all) in 1941.
Instead, the Academy awarded the lord power, Best Picture Oscar to How Green Was My Valley , a film adaptation of a British novel about Welsh coal miners, directed by phd thesis John Ford (he didn’t just do film westerns). In retrospect, critics generally think Ford’s film was fine, but not the lord of the essay, earth-shaking aesthetic statement that was Citizen Kane . But there are other reasons, besides artistic merit, that films are awarded a Best Picture Oscar. Often times, the Academy voters want to selected essays of william 1778 send a message, often a social message. The message in this case was a vote of confidence and solidarity with Great Britain, which was at that time barely fighting off Adolf Hitler and the Nazis in Europe. And the Award for the Greatest Film Ever Goes To… As already mentioned, between its run in 1941 and the mid-1950s, few people had seen Citizen Kane . Once RKO allowed it to be re-released and available for television syndication – and lord of the particularly after French critics got a hold of it – Citizen Kane quickly rose to the top of critics’ lists. According to the influential Sight and Sound poll, taken every ten years, Citizen Kane was the Greatest Film Ever Made, for forty straight years. But last year (2012) Citizen Kane fell to essays poisonwood bible the second spot in the poll. It was bested by Alfred Hitchcock’s Vertigo . This is lord of the flies power essay what the British Film Institute (BFI), publishers of Sight and Sound magazine and the Sight and Sound poll, says about Citizen Kane: The use of deep-focus photography (keeping both foreground and background in focus) and abstracted camera angles, the non-chronological narrative structure and size essay overlapping dialogue, were just some of the myriad formal innovations that Welles brought together for of the power his groundbreaking debut.
Such novelty and controversy proved a curse for Welles, whose career never enjoyed such indulgence again. They also mention that the film goes “after the dark heart of the American dream.” And here is what BFI says about Vertigo : This classic from the master of essays on the poisonwood suspense was so poorly received upon release that Alfred Hitchcock later withdrew it from distribution for several years. Its reputation has since grown and it is now widely regarded as Hitchcock’s finest film, a haunting examination of lord power essay male desire memorably filmed in real San Francisco locations. . . . Vertigo succeeds as a hallucinatory fable about the traps of desire. On The Poisonwood Bible! A thriller of of the power essay dreamlike allure, it’s whipped to dizzying heights by Bernard Herrmann’s Wagner-influenced score.
The displacement of Citizen Kane by Vertigo has been controversial. Some critics see dark forces at work. For instance, Richard Rushfield at The Daily Beast blames the the current popularity of of dorian essay thesis social networking: The last Sight and Sound poll was conducted in of the flies power essay, 2002, when the blogosphere was still in diapers. Social media was just a twinkle in a Harvard-bound honor student’s eye, and the idea of communicating in 140 characters was as unimaginable as a cure for the common cold. Once, however, all these forces were unleashed there was no way Kane could sit fat and content – innovative, visionary, ponderous – atop the field forever. That is, because of the ubiquity and the ease of use of social networking platforms like Twitter and blogs, everyone can be a critic. Phd Thesis! According to lord of the flies power Rushfield, this democratizing trend has led to backlash against intellectual film critics, who have been frightened into abandoning aesthetic standards and forced to speak for the unwashed masses. Needless to say, the film critics who replaced Citizen Kane with Vertigo would vociferously disagree with Rushfield and, perhaps, point out that Vertigo is really not that popular outside critical circles and is admired for the same artistic reasons Citizen Kane is admired.
University of Maryland. British Film Institute, “The Greatest Films Poll at Sight and Sound,” 2012. Dennis Bingham, Whose Lives Are They Anyway? The Biopic as Contemporary Film Genre (Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2010). Richard Rushfield, “‘Citizen Kane’ v. ‘Vertigo’: Why ‘Kane’ Fell in the Sight and phd thesis Sound Poll,” The Daily Beast (August 1 2012). Gary Simmons, “Smoke and of the essay Mirrors in size 0 persuasive, Citizen Kane ,” Screen Education 51 (2008), 138-144.
Sarah Street, “Film in Context: Citizen Kane ,” History Today 46.3 (March 1996), 48-52. Thomson, David. Lord Power Essay! “The Mark of Kane,” Sight Sound 21.1 (2011), 44-48. Stanley Kubrick and his Conspiratorial Interpreters. According to Angela Watercutter. Stanley Kubrick’s The Shining is arguably the define dissertation thesis, most cerebral horror film ever made. The film is studied at universities, chronicled in books, and has generally inspired levels of academic analysis rivaled only by the work of Talmudic scholars. But despite all the study, there are still few conclusive answers as to what Kubrick was actually trying to say with The Shining , opening the door for flies power countless interpretations, Adam B. Vary adds that The Shining is phd thesis skeleton “a film that has inspired perhaps more deep analysis, explication, and theorizing than pretty much any other major feature film of the last 40 years.” Watercutter and Vary made these remarks as part of their respective reviews of Room 237 , a film documentary by of the flies power Rodney Ascher that profiles five people who have come up with bizarre, even conspiratorial, interpretations of dissertation thesis The Shining . Watercutter briefly looks at ten of the interpretations of these five people; Vary comes up with five additional interpretations.
There are quite a few other quirky interpretations of The Shining , as a search at YouTube will show. Jay Weidner, one of the five interpreters profiled in Room 237 , argues that The Shining is lord of the flies essay Kubrick’s cryptic confession that he was involved in define versus thesis, the supposed faked moon landing of 1969. He bases his interpretation, in part, on the fact that Room 237 was actually Room 217 in Stephen King’s novel. Watercutter explains Weidner’s thesis further: As evidence, [Weidner] points to the Apollo sweater young Danny wears, the fact that the moon is about 237,000 miles from Earth (it’s 238,855 on average) and the inscription on the room’s key: ROOM No 237. “There’s only two words that you can come up with that have those letters in of the flies essay, them,” Weidner says. Selected Hazlitt! “And that’s ‘moon’ and ‘room’ and so on the key, the lord of the flies essay, tag, it says ‘moon room.'” (Those letters also spell “moron,” but that seems like more of a coincidence.) One of the other Weidner theories mentioned by of dorian Watercutter is that Kubrick inserted sexual subliminal messages in his film, particularly in the scene where Jack interviews for the caretaker job in Stuart Ullman’s office. According to lord of the power Weidner, Ullman’s paper tray closely resembles a phallus. Juli Kearns argues that the window in that scene does not exist in the floor plan on the hotel.
She should know, because he made a detailed map of the rooms and passages of the Outlook Hotel. Kearns also proposes the interpretation that Jack is the Minotaur of classical mythology and the Outlook Hotel is the labyrinth (or maze) built by Dedalus to selected contain the monster. As evidence, Kearns argues that Jack’s face gets progressively bull-like in of the power essay, the film. She also sees a minotaur in a sky poster in the film. Her evidence is quite circumstantial but it is not a stretch to say that Kubrick meant to allude to the myth of the minotaur and the labyrinth in the film. Vary discusses Ascher’s contention that the an essay, ski poster that Kearns focuses on also shows evidence of a secret CIA mind-control program called MKUltra (which went by lord of the essay code-name “Monarch,” a word prominently displayed on the poster). One of the essays on the poisonwood, more respectable interpreters (in that he is an academic historian) is Geoffrey Cocks, who has written a book on his theories concerning The Shining . Lord! Cocks argues that the film has a subtext that concerns the Holocaust. Throughout The Shining Jack’s Adler typewriter goes from a light tan color to a grey-blue with no real explanation. Historian Geoffrey Cocks believes that the 0 persuasive, typewriter’s color shift has significance to his theory that Kubrick’s film has “a deeply-laid subtext” about the Holocaust. “That typewriter, that German.
typewriter – which by the way changes color in the course of the lord of the, film, which typewriters don’t generally do – is terribly, terribly important as a referent to that particular historical event.” This is essays flimsy evidence for such a controversial interpretation put forth by an academic historian (and unlikely to pass peer-review scrutiny). It doesn’t help Cocks’s case that he has equally far-fetched interpretations for what other people would call “continuity errors” (unnoticed mistakes in production) in The Shining . For instance, there is a chair that disappears in lord essay, one scene, which Cocks (not a film critic) explains as Kubrick’s attempt to parody the horror genre. Size! Then there is the disappearing Dopey which Cocks, again, refuses to attribute to continuity error. John Fell Ryan makes the flies, case that The Shining , when run forwards and backwards, offers up many new meanings. He and Akiva Saunders actually translated Ryan’s ideas into concrete action, creating projection technology which allows people to see the film backwards and essays on the poisonwood bible forwards. Ryan doesn’t really build a theory around this as much as play around with the film and deconstruct (or “hack”) it via technology. However, like the other four conspiratorial interpreters, Ryan has other theories about the film. Lord Of The Power! For instance, he argues that in the scene where Jack, just arrived at bible the Overlook, waits for Ullman, he is reading a Playgirl magazine (which featured naked men). Ryan links this to of the flies Jack’s abuse of Danny which Ryan (with little evidence) suggests was sexual abuse.
Note that the figure on the cover of the magazine is long-haired, most likely a woman (who would not be on selected essays of william hazlitt to 1830 the cover of Playgirl magazine). The magazine looks more like Cosmopolitan . Room 237 also features the interpretations of BIll Blakemore, an ABC News reporter. Lord Flies Essay! Watercutter doesn’t say much about Blakemore’s larger theory that the film is about the genocide of Native Americans. In an article he published online, he presents his evidence, which is not very convincing. Blakemore sees the traces of essay Native Americans all throughout the film (and there is quite a bit of Native American art on the floors and the walls and, in one scene, on Wendy’s clothes), though he admits that no Native Americans are shown in flies power, the film – which is revising an essay lesson somehow evidence for the presence of Native Americans – and claims that Dick Halloran, a black character, is meant to be read as Native American. The Colorado Room, where Jack works, is full of Native American designs. Blakemore also goes for the sexual sublimation thing. In the art deco design of the carpet in room 237, he sees penises and vaginas copulating. Says Blakemore (quoted in Watercutter): “The design on the rug shows basically – in geometric form with round curves – the act of intercourse itself, one after another after another after another. . . . Sort of like the picture of down through the generations of what produces life.” More “evidence” of a sex-crazed Kubrick.
In sheer number of theories concerning The Shining , Rob Ager should have – but did not – made the cut in Ascher’s documentary. Most of his ideas are contained in an “in-depth” analysis of of the power essay The Shining that he published online. You can also find a number of phd thesis his analysis videos at lord flies YouTube, including the one where he contends that the two twin girls in the film are not Delbert Grady’s daughters, the one where he claims that there is something meaningful in the river of blood, and the one where he asserts that Kubrick inserted a secret message condemning the gold standard, in the photograph that we see at the end of the film. Why are there so many wacky interpretations of The Shining ? Watercutter attributes much of this conspiratorial theorizing to advances in lesson, technology. She writes: There was no internet when The Shining was released and it would be a while after it played in theaters that VHS really took off, so the capacity for obsessive watching and essay re-watching, frame-by-frame analysis, and on the poisonwood bible sharing of theories online is only something that’s been around in the latter part of the film’s history.
We can only lord of the power, guess what kind of theories will arise in an even newer technological moment, when anyone at anytime can stream the film, playing it forwards and backwards to size their heart’s content. We are now in what writer Chuck Klosterman recently dubbed “Immersion Criticism”: the kind of in-depth interpretations of popular culture that can only come after watching a particular piece of of the media dozens of times. “It’s not just a matter of noticing things other people miss, because that can be done by anyone who’s perceptive,” Klosterman wrote about Room 237 at define dissertation versus Grantland . Lord Of The Flies Power! “It’s a matter of noticing things that the director included to indicate his true, undisclosed intention.” Vary puts the onus on the director, Stanley Kubrick. Vary suggests that Kubrick seeded his film with a lot of skeleton mysteries, which guaranteed his film continuous scrutiny. Vary quotes Tim Kirk, the producer of of the flies power essay Room 237 : “'[ The Shining ] doesn’t solve things even on a plot level. What happened in room 237? We don’t really know. Rodney has pointed out that the photograph at the end is played almost like a big reveal of 0 persuasive ‘Aha!’ But it’s not really. If anything, it just deepens the mystery’” (qtd. in Vary). Kubrick’s reputation as an auteur, an art film director, is also part of the equation.
Again, Vary quotes Kirk, who says: “I think the of the flies, understanding of Kubrick as this meticulous, obsessively detail oriented director does make you think that if you see something in a frame, then he put it there and of dorian gray essay thesis there’s a reason,” says Kirk. “That is a jumping off point for a lot of people. Lord Flies Power! . . Dissertation Versus Thesis! . The rest of his movies are all so good and so close to perfection,” he adds, “that if you don’t get something . . . there’s a trust that it’s not that it’s a mistake, it’s that you didn’t figure it out.” All work and no play means too tired to of the notice obvious continuity errors… This is what I call argument by mise-en-scene. Selected Essays Of William Hazlitt 1778! It’s an idea that I typically subscribe to: nothing in the shot (visual details) is an lord power accident. But the conspiratorial interpretations of The Shining certainly challenge this idea.
The Shining is a cautionary tale in essay, regards to interpretations. That is, what you say the mise-en-scene isn’t necessarily so. Lord Of The Flies! A reading of a visual detail does not, alone, make for a viable interpretation. Many of the visual details cited as evidence by the interpreters discussed in this post could just as easily be continuity errors. Essays Poisonwood! At the moviemistakes.com wiki page on The Shining lists 21 continuity errors found and posted by viewers. (It doesn’t list the one I discovered: in the scene where Wendy discusses Danny with a doctor, Wendy mentions that the lord flies power, abuse incident occurred five months before; but when Jack discusses the same incident with the ghostly barman, shortly after this point, he says the incident occurred three years before).
“The horror! I will live on forever as a footnote in of william hazlitt, some crazy person’s conspiracy theory!” So now I present my own conspiratorial interpretation. I argue that Kubrick himself (before his death – or from the grave ) planted all the interpretations mentioned to cover up the fact that he was quite sloppy when making The Shining . He wanted people to be distracted from the fact that he messed up on the Grady daughters, the lord of the flies, prop left in of dorian essay thesis, the river of blood shot, the changed typewriter, the missing chair, the missing Dopey, the floor plan of the hotel, and the changed room number. How else to explain a film that is about the Holocaust, Native American genocide, a faked moon landing, America’s abandonment of the gold standard, AND a CIA mind-control program, all in lord of the flies power essay, the same film? The only possibility is that Kubrick floated those theories himself.
And we have only scratched the surface of all the conspiracies Kubrick has floated. It’s only poisonwood bible, a matter of time before someone links The Shining to the assassination of President John F. Kennedy and the Mayan Apocalypse. I see all these future theories coming down on us like a river of blood. Lord Essay! Prepare yourself. . On The! . . I’m outta here (before they discover my interpretation is lord power full of holes) Angela Watercutter, “The 10 Most Outrageous Theories About What The Shining Really Means”, Wired Magazine (March 29, 2013).
Adam B. Vary. “5 Conspiracy Theories About ‘The Shining’ That Aren’t In ‘Room 237.’ Buzzfeed Entertainment (March 28, 2013).