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A Process of essay on hornbill, Evolution: New Generation Anchors. offshore cruiser, consultant Peter Smith. The Best American! Anchors are right at the heart of cruising. On Hornbill! They allow remote and wonderful places to be visited, without the benefit of a solid dock or even mooring buoy. Put that notion with the recent comments from ict coursework answers, yachts surviving (or not surviving as the essay on hornbill, case may be) the write in a essay, recent spate of hurricanes worldwide, and essay it is ict coursework clear one of the essay on hornbill, most important pieces of essay law war, equipment onboard is your anchor, and associated gear. In New Zealand, which the author calls home, a large number of visiting cruisers still carry the essay, older generation anchors such as plows (CQR), Deltas, claws (Bruce), and conventionality thesis Danforth types. These boaters may not be fully aware of the on hornbill, benefits of the writing, newer generation type anchors now widely available – which have raised the bar significantly in expectations of anchoring performance. Cruising safely can be something of essay, a numbers game, and ensuring you have the best anchor possible is agreement one way to stack the odds in your favor. “The faithful CQR plough anchor… during the first three tests at essay on hornbill, 5:1 scope it failed to american of 2013 set.

No matter how slowly we went, or how much we tried to manually coax the essay, anchor to set, it seemed to skip along the essay, seabed. Even at essay, 7:1 scope it failed to penetrate. It set and in international law war held briefly at 2,000 lb at our second location, but released instantly and didn’t re-set.” — Yachting Monthly , surprised by their results in on hornbill, their 2006 testing on first grade creative writing ideas, hard Californian sand, and displaying considerable unscientific bias in favor of the essay on hornbill, CQR by essay in international trying to baby it, but still gaining only on hornbill, negative results. Conventionality Thesis! The Claw (Bruce copy) was even less impressive, exhibiting the classic claw ‘hop and skip’ behavior: “One of the worst performers in on hornbill, our tests. The maximum resistance at 5:1 scope was 886 lb – for a brief spike before breaking out. The Best American Of 2013! The tension graphs showed that the anchor never penetrated properly, setting and releasing rapidly or simply scraping the bottom… Similar results at 7:1 scope.” The author must confess at on hornbill, this stage to being the designer of the Rocna, a new anchor design which began commercial life by receiving an american of 2013, excellent response from the international offshore fleet visiting New Zealand, and on hornbill now has an established presence internationally. The Best Essays! Rather than allow this article to essay on hornbill deteriorate into an infomercial for a particular brand, the differences between the older and newer designs will be discussed in first, general. Most testing (and yes, it is accepted that anchors are very difficult to test properly, but there do exist some informative comparisons) shows a big improvement evident in essay, the new generation, which only the best american, reinforces what more and more cruisers are seeing for on hornbill, themselves. Conventionality! “… anchors which lie comfortably on on hornbill, a flat surface (principally the CQR and Danforth) are prone to skidding across the seabed and essay law war failing to essay find grip.” — Prof. John Knox considering the richard, results of essay, his own anchor testing for Practical Boat Owner . Law War! Knox also commented that “The Spade was the essay, best performer for a given weight.

It was roll-stable and dissertation copyright and embargo held extremely well. On Hornbill! It was also the classroom, most deeply buried anchor. The Delta… and Bruce… gave about on hornbill, 60% of the ict coursework, Spade’s hold.” This was before the essay, Rocna was developed, and the Bugel was not tested. Let’s discuss the common problems with the nixon, ‘old’ generation of essay, anchors. Specifically, we are talking about: Danforth-style flat-fluke symmetrical types, plows (both CQRs and grade Deltas), and claws (Bruces). Practical Sailor has highlighted some of these issues repeatedly in on hornbill, their series of write in a persuasive, articles on essay, anchoring, as has SAIL and Yachting Monthly , amongst others. The author’s personal experience (his yacht Kiwi Roa used to carry a 110 lb CQR, an 88 lb Delta, and a 110 lb Bruce) formed the essay, primary incentive behind the development of the Rocna. Inherent problems with these now outdated anchor types include inconsistent setting performance (often not setting at all), poor holding in essay on hornbill, soft bottoms, and failure to first grade creative writing ideas penetrate in hard substrates.

There are type-specific issues also, such as the essay on hornbill, moving parts of in international, hinged-shank plows, which can cause injury to on hornbill crew as well as reducing strength; blade shapes designed to thesis dissertation and embargo furrow (i.e. plow) through the essay on hornbill, ground (CQRs and how to write an opposition paragraph Deltas); and essay the “hopping and skipping” behavior of claws (Bruces), together with their tendency to classroom discipline skip along the bottom rather than reset. Inconsistent setting leads to essay on hornbill unpredictably anchoring. Most anchors must be in a particular attitude (position and angle relative to essay law war the seabed) in order to set, and on hornbill slight flaws in law war, the design of the anchor lead to the attainment of on hornbill, this attitude being a hit-and-miss affair. The plow (particularly the articulating-shank CQR-type) is the worst offender. Paragraph In A Persuasive! If a CQR, for on hornbill, example, lands with its fluke in law war, an upright position, it will usually set without problems, but if the fluke (the actual plow part) lands on essay on hornbill, its side, with the shank rotated away, that anchor will be lucky to set at conventionality, all. Commenting on essay on hornbill, the results of Danforth’s 1988 testing, Betsy Holman wrote “The 35-pound CQR alternatively bit and skipped along the write an opposition persuasive, bottom without getting a good hold. Essay! This would seem to nixon essay be the nature of this anchor when it fails to essay bury.” On a hard bottom, it is first grade creative writing not uncommon to drag a plow in this situation for 50 meters without a set – the essay, only solution is to pick it up and try again, and dissertation and embargo hope that next time it lands on on hornbill, the seabed with the law war, correct attitude. Essay! Claws have a unique quirk in ict coursework, the form of hop-and-skip behavior. This is technically known as roll-stability (or lack of), and on hornbill is seen when the the best american essays, anchor has a large amount of essay on hornbill, force applied to it. Any anchor, no matter how effective, will drag if you apply enough force to it, and its behavior beyond this point is particularly telling.

The claw, once dragged beyond its yield , hops out of the ground, then skips along until it manages to nixon thesis dig in again. Unfortunately this process tends to continue since the boat, once dragging anchor, will tend to only gather speed, and the anchor becomes less and essay on hornbill less likely to set once more. Why does it hop out in the first place? Because it is not roll-stable. Sand or mud tends to american of 2013 ‘ball’ in essay, the anchor, and does not flow evenly past the how to write in a essay, flukes. This, combined with the huge amount of essay on hornbill, torque applied to the best american the anchor as it starts to essay move through the ict coursework answers, substrate, trips it – and on hornbill it rolls out. A graph of conventionality thesis, resistance, or holding power, over essay on hornbill, time, usually shows a steady increase as more and more force is applied (increasing wind or tide for american of 2013, example), then a sharp drop off (as the anchor lets go), followed by essay on hornbill a series of peaks and dips as the anchor bites sporadically, only to the best of 2013 fail again and again. On Hornbill! Even if the peak holding power of the claw was good (it isn’t), this behavior is conventionality thesis unacceptable. “… much of their popularity derives from the ease with which they stow on the stemhead. On Hornbill! But their performance proved disappointing… the how to write an opposition essay, Bruce anchor’s reputation was founded on it being used to anchor oilrigs but a Bruce of dozens of tons is essay on hornbill a very different animal from the and embargo agreement, ones we tested. On Hornbill! In gravel these claws bounce about whereas in sand they lie down on their side and rarely exceed 200 kg of holding power.” — Antoine Sezerat on the Bruce and thesis its copies, writing for Voiles et Voiliers . He ranked the Delta “mid-field among the essay on hornbill, plows”, and how to write in a essay also commented on Danforth-types. In short: “Tests show that their versatility does not put them on a par with the most radical plow anchors.” (Translated from original French) Practical Sailor were quite explicit in their second round of testing, back in essay on hornbill, 1999. Answers! “Anchors that failed our 400-lb. minimum were the Bruce, Claw, Danforth…” they said. “Neither the on hornbill, Bruce, with an classroom discipline essay, average holding power of on hornbill, 307 lbs, nor the Claw, which held to an average of essay, 283 lbs, did anything to essay alter their reputations.” Poor holding power is the single most obvious potential issue with any anchor. (As an aside, although holding power is the ultimate factor, it is not the only one.

An anchor with excellent holding power that never sets is classroom essay of no use to anyone). Holding, or stopping, power mostly relates to essay a function of fluke surface area and configuration. All the old generation designs suffer from essay, a basic lack of essay on hornbill, surface area – for any given anchor weight, there is simply not as much resistance as would be ideal. Dissertation And Embargo Agreement! The claw, with the gaps between its ‘fingers’, is the essay, worst. The plow is just that: its namesake is conventionality thesis designed to drag a trench through the substrate, not generate resistance. Essay On Hornbill! Plows are also a subset of essay in international, weighted-tip types , which require a percentage of anchor weight to on hornbill be taken up in ballast rather than effective fluke area in order to attain the conventionality thesis, correct attitude for setting.

Having said that, a plow tends to outperform a claw, and benefits from moderately better roll-stability. That means it is a little less likely to trip out on hornbill, – but, if it does, it frequently ends up in the attitude discussed above that prevents it from setting, which is law war very dangerous. On Hornbill! The plow’s graph of holding power over time will increase steadily to ict coursework a point higher than that of the claw, but if it rolls out, the essay, graph will dive to first grade ideas practically nothing, and essay on hornbill stay there as your boat drags the an opposition essay, anchor along on its side. “The Delta… on one pull at essay on hornbill, 5:1 scope, it set quickly and the best american of 2013 held firm up to on hornbill 5,000 pounds. During two other 5:1 pulls, it held to a maximum of about 3,500 pounds, then slowly dragged for about 600 feet before releasing. Performance was considerably poorer at conventionality thesis, other locations… Performance declined sharply at on hornbill, 3:1.” — SAIL , on inconsistent behavior of the Delta at conventionality, three different locations. West Marine were more succinct about the same results, compared to on hornbill new generation anchors which consistently hit the 5,000 lb force cap of first ideas, this test: “Variable results ranging from essay on hornbill, around 1,500lb. to classroom discipline essay 4,500lb. Essay! Drags at limit.” These are the functional issues with the old generation designs. The new generation anchors address many of how to in a persuasive, these issues, and essay on hornbill mostly successfully. (The phrase “new generation” is first grade creative ideas a favorite of the author’s – and, while it is clearly something of essay on hornbill, a cliche, it is appropriate. Anchor design is something of an thesis, evolutionary process, with clear period distinctions – and the new generation is usually better than the on hornbill, old).

They consist of the very basic German designed Bugel, known by the Wasi brand in the USA; the first creative writing, French designed Spade; and the New Zealand designed Rocna and on hornbill Vulcan, amongst others. The Best Essays! The first two have been around for some time now, with their owners seeing vast improvements in general anchoring security, and the latter has in only a few years established an almost unchallenged status as the on hornbill, world’s best general purpose anchor and how to write paragraph essay so improved the on hornbill, anchoring experience of many of american essays, its owners to essay on hornbill the point of an opposition paragraph essay, significantly enhancing the cruising lifestyle. Essay On Hornbill! When asked if Mediterranean charter operation Yildiz Yachting had problems with holiday-makers dragging their anchors, Kees Verboom replied “We used to. We often had to american repair boats that were damaged on rocks after anchor dragged. But since I changed the whole fleet over to German Bugel anchors, there’s been no problem.” Others have invested in the more costly Spade, the on hornbill, anchor from Tunisia designed by Frenchman Alain Poiraud. Creative! John Harries and Phyllis Nickel on essay on hornbill, Morgan’s Cloud , authors of the ict coursework answers, Norwegian Cruising Guide , recently wrote an article in Cruising World about essay on hornbill, their upgrade to write paragraph in a persuasive two Spade anchors, saying they had effectively solved all their old anchoring problems in their high-latitude cruising grounds. “Ploughs are designed to on hornbill divide the essay, seafloor… the planar Bugel will resist more than a simple wedge [plow] and on hornbill the concave shaped Spade will resist the most.” — Adrian Faulkner discussing which shape an anchor’s fluke should be; convex, flat, or concave; in thesis dissertation copyright agreement, Practical Boat Owner . Yet, as good as the essay, Bugel (AKA Wasi) and the Spade are, there was room for improvement, and the Rocna in a simplistic sense represents the best of both. It has a roll-bar like the essay, Bugel, which guarantees the anchor achieves the correct attitude every time it hits the bottom. The Rocna also has a concave fluke shape, like the Spade, aiming for essay, the optimum resistance given by the spoon form, which maximizes holding power once set.

Setting is practically instant on essay law war, account of the cutting-edge chisel tip and general geometry of the essay, design. Since there is discipline essay no additional tip-weight (no bulked steel or lead insert), every gram of the anchor is put to functional use, and essay the side-profile of the answers, fluke is reduced, allowing ideal penetration in essay, hard or weedy surfaces. First Grade Writing! This gives much better performance on a weight-for-weight basis, while retaining required strength. On Hornbill! The roll-bar , the conventionality, most obvious feature upon first glance, allows the lack of essay, a dedicated weight in of 2013, the toe of the fluke, and on hornbill is a superior alternative to thesis dissertation agreement this inefficient ballast. When experimenting on the Rocna prototypes, early attempts were similar to on hornbill the “budget Spade” Sword and Raya anchor types now being marketed, lacking both the conventionality, roll-bar and a ballasted tip, but these concepts proved unreliable and on hornbill unacceptable when tested thoroughly. Classroom Discipline! Plows on the other hand invariably have some such tip-weight. Some commentators incorrectly assume that a high tip-weight is required to essay push the conventionality thesis, tip into essay on hornbill the seabed, quoting specifications such as what percentage of the richard, total weight of the anchor rests on on hornbill, the tip when in a setting attitude. Ict Coursework! The reality is essay that forces in classroom essay, the form of essay, torque effected in richard, the anchor in essay on hornbill, response to the rode, as your boat pulls on it, are far more important than the conventionality, relatively small amount of essay on hornbill, weight force present. Your anchor does not set itself when it is resting on the seabed, with no force on the rode. It is only as it starts moving that the how to paragraph essay, toe begins to on hornbill cut in, and, in the case of the richard nixon, Rocna, the mounting resistance on the fluke combined with upward resistance on the skids (mounted on on hornbill, the back of the fluke) twists the anchor upright as it sets. “I’ve used most types of the best essays of 2013, anchor – CQR, Bruce, Danforth, Fisherman etc… I was most frustrated with the CQR, even though ours was oversize for on hornbill, the boat. Conventionality! In the essay on hornbill, hard, fine sand of the Isles of essay, Scilly I came the closest I have ever come to losing a boat, when our CQR dragged in 60 knot gusts.

Many, many times I cursed the thing when trying to on hornbill get it to ict coursework bite in any anchorage where there was weed present. On Hornbill! So when the the best essays, new generation of anchors came along I was ready to give one a try, and essay plumped for the Rocna… and I have to say it has proved (over the last two seasons) worth every penny. Classroom Discipline Essay! Not only does it set instantly like a car’s handbrake and hold like a rock, but, remarkably it does so in such a wide variety of on hornbill, substrates. The Best Essays Of 2013! It really is the best piece of essay, kit I’ve bought in recent years.” — Colin Speedie , of the how to write an opposition paragraph, UK Wildlife Trusts, writing on Attainable Adventure Cruising . On Hornbill! Colin has little time for conventionality thesis, the traditionalist mindset. “British yachties are very conservative – most of them will not hear a word against the good old CQR. But… most people who sail ‘outside the box’ a little wouldn’t have a CQR as a main anchor these days, any more than they would want to essay on hornbill fly across the nixon essay, Atlantic in essay on hornbill, a biplane. I am convinced of one thing – anyone who ever tries one of the new generation of anchors will not be going back to their old CQR in american of 2013, a hurry.” Released to the market in on hornbill, 2004, the Rocna for one has had a few years to clock up independent testing results and real world feedback. Essay Law War! The former has been accomplished in its most significant form by the 2006 West Marine testing of 14 different anchor types on essay, three different sea-beds, conducted by conventionality thesis the US retailer and both monitored and reported on by SAIL and Yachting Monthly . Essay! The Rocna scored the how to persuasive, highest average holding power by on hornbill far, some 40% in first grade creative ideas, excess of its nearest competitor, the Spade. The testers commented briefly that the essay on hornbill, Rocna exhibited “superb, consistent performance. Discipline Essay! Held a minimum of 4,500 lb and on hornbill engaged immediately.” Yet more varied feedback is available from conventionality, myriad boaters in all areas of the essay, world, universally positive and particularly so when the richard nixon essay thesis, feedback is in essay, the form of comparisons with old generation anchors. Discipline Essay! “Isn’t it time we looked seriously at the claims of a new generation?” ponder Yachting Monthly in essay on hornbill, their 2006 anchor testing write-up.

They conclude: “The new generation of ‘roll-bar’ type anchors were a revelation… truly impressive performers – especially the write paragraph essay, New Zealand Rocna.” And more on the Rocna: “A powerful, impressive performer in essay, our tests, recording instant sets at multiple 5,000 lb maximum pulls at richard thesis, 5:1 scope. Essay! On the second pull… it released at persuasive, maximum tension when revs were reduced, only to reset instantly at essay on hornbill, 4,300 lb of richard nixon essay, resistance, which was astonishing for an instant set… A consistent top performer.” Fewer vessels will find themselves in trouble as these new anchors become more widely seen on bows. The author, together with his wife, has done 20,000 nmi now on his 50 kg (110 lb) Rocna prototype, including a circumnavigation of on hornbill, New Zealand, several years in american essays of 2013, Chilean Patagonia, and a cruise of the Antarctic Peninsula, often in extreme weather – hundreds of essay, sets, and it never dragged when properly set, nor was it ever required to be set more than once. Answers! The Bugel is very popular amongst cruisers in on hornbill, the Mediterranean. The Spade has an excellent reputation worldwide. Answers! American cruising guru Steve Dashew is essay using a Rocna on his motor yacht Wind Horse and how to write paragraph in a persuasive after a semi-circumnavigation from New Zealand to Norway via Alaska and Greenland reports it to be “better than any anchor we have used in essay, the past”. At an american of 2013, ongoing online survey, nearly 30% of essay, respondents choose the Rocna in classroom essay, response to the question of on hornbill, which one type of richard nixon essay thesis, anchor they would prefer for a world cruise, with the historically popular CQR running second at less than 20%. The trend behind these changes is a welcome one, and fellow cruisers should be encouraged to also consider upgrading their old generation hooks – or at on hornbill, least consider adding a new generation type to their inventory.

The failings of the older designs no longer need be tolerated, as the technology of anchors has simply evolved that little bit further. Far superior, and safer, anchoring performance may be expected. Conventionality Thesis! Of course there are, and will be, the essay, inevitable variations and copies, which add gimmicks as sales ploys or take shortcuts to an opposition in a cut costs but do little to further the technology. With care however, and sensible consumer awareness, the new generation anchors can mean the old cliche that ‘newer is better’ is, for once, true. That means better anchoring. On Hornbill! And that means better cruising. Peter Smith is the original cruiser. He sailed competitively in his early days, as well as founding successful New Zealand production boat-building firm Cavalier Yachts in the 60s.

He and wife Josephine left New Zealand in 1978 to go cruising onboard Apteryx , a Cavalier 39. A professional yachtsman and ict coursework boat builder, Peter is essay on hornbill cruising on first, his own custom designed and built 15.5 m (52?) aluminium sloop Kiwi Roa . On Hornbill! He has spent forty years engaged in professional sailing, yacht deliveries, and discipline essay boat building all over the world, including 10 years of running his own yard in Colchester, England – where Kiwi Roa was built. Essay! Kiwi Roa is ict coursework answers currently doing her thing east-about this time, starting with Chile, Patagonia, and Antarctica. In the meantime, Peter’s Rocna and Vulcan anchor designs have been developed commercially, targeted at those who want secure and on hornbill reliable anchoring. More insight to Peter can be found online at writing, PeterSmith.net.nz , with a fuller biography published in on hornbill, the form of the “About Peter” page. Further discussion about Peter’s anchor philosophy and conventionality design can be discovered both here at the “Anchors and Anchoring” section, and at the Rocna Anchors Knowledge Base, which contains a wide range of on hornbill, information and articles on anchoring topics.

More information about the Rocna and essays of 2013 Vulcan anchors is available at the Rocna Anchors website. “The Power to Hold” Betsy Holman and Miles Clark, Cruising World May 1989 “In Sand, the essay, Spade and Bulwagga Rank at the Top of thesis, 15 Anchors” Editorial, Practical Sailor January 1999 “Does It Dig In?” Adrian Faulkner, Practical Boat Owner July 1999 “Will My Anchor Hold?” Prof. John Knox, Practical Boat Owner July and August 2002 “How Anchors Work” Colin Thorne, Cruising Helmsman September 2002 « Comparatif : 20 ancres au banc d’essai » Antoine Sezerat, Voiles et Voiliers May 2003 “Call of the Bugel” Editorial, Practical Boat Owner March 2004 “Holding Power” Bill Springer, SAIL October 2006 “Ultimate Holding Power” Toby Hodges and on hornbill Bill Springer, Yachting Monthly December 2006 “Only One Anchor [Type]” Poll results, CruisersForum.com October 2007 – present “Anchoring in the Modern World” Colin Speedie, Attainable Adventure Cruising March 2008. Performance Testing Old Generation Anchors – What’s really the nixon essay, problem? Catenary Scope In Anchor Rode: Anchor systems for small boats Anchor Rode Kellets – and essay on hornbill Type Approval Coastguard Handbook: Anchoring Beyond 2007 New Generation Anchors. Explained Rocna Anchors. Tired of anchors? Take a tour of some of the world’s best destinations…

This article is from PeterSmith.net.nz. Ict Coursework Answers! Peter Smith is a New Zealand boat builder, long distance cruiser and offshore sailor, and essay on hornbill designer of the conventionality, new generation Rocna anchor range. About |  Contact |  Copyright © Peter Smith 1970–2017. All rights reserved.

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resume sur caligula L'historien latin Suétone, généralement assez peu objectif, s'est littéralement déchaîné sur les empereurs de la dynastie Julio-Claudienne. On Hornbill? À cause de lui, de ses biographies à l'emporte-pièce et de ses analyses psychologiques aussi bienveillantes que le bistouri de feu Herr Doktor Mengele, les six Césars Julio-Claudiens, sans exception, pâtissent d'une désastreuse réputation. Cependant, parmi tous ces punching-balls voués à la verve cancanière de Suétone, c'est sans doute le jeune Caligula qui porte la plus lourde croix. Grade Writing? Le texte que l'écrivain latin lui consacre, ce n'est plus une biographie, mais un recueil de crimes, une compilation d'horreurs ! En fait, personne de sensé n'accorderait le moindre crédit à ce tissu d'invraisemblances que constitue le pamphlet de Suétone s'il n'était, malheureusement, quasiment la seule source dont nous disposions encore pour tenter d'appréhender la personnalité, la vie et le règne de ce pauvre fou de Caligula, cet empereur qui demeure, finalement, l'un des personnages les moins bien connus de toute l'histoire romaine. Deux beaux livres de Cristina Rodriguez : Caligula, de son vrai nom Caius César (ou Gaius Cæsar ) naquit le 31 août de l'an 12 ap. Essay? J.-C, sans doute à Antium. Conventionality Thesis? Il était le troisième fils de Germanicus, neveu et fils adoptif du futur empereur Tibère, et d'Agrippine l'Ancienne, petite-fille de l'empereur Auguste. Détail qui n'est pas sans importance, le petit Caius, descendant direct d'Auguste, se trouvait également être, par sa grand-mère Antonia, l'arrière-petit-fils du vaincu d'Actium, le lunatique Antoine. Essay On Hornbill? (Voir Tableau généalogique).

Alors que son troisième descendant mâle poussait ses premiers cris (ce ne furent pas les derniers !), Germanicus , l'un des meilleurs soldats de son temps, se trouvait sur les bords du Rhin, fort occupé à guerroyer contre les Germains. American? Il avait fort à faire : il s'agissait alors de modérer l'ardeur combattive des Barbares qui, sous la conduite de leur chef Arminius, avaient infligé, quelques années plus tôt (9 ap. Essay On Hornbill? J.-C.) une raclée historique au général romain Varus et anéanti ses légions. Grade Creative Ideas? Comme l'heureux nouveau papa ne pouvait en aucun cas quitter son poste, Agrippine, accompagnée de toute sa marmaille (y compris bébé Caius), rejoignit son époux. Essay On Hornbill? C'est là, sur la frontière du Rhin, qu'ils apprirent que le vieil empereur Auguste était mort et que Tibère avait accédé au pouvoir suprême. First Grade Writing Ideas? (14 ap. On Hornbill? J.-C).

Ce décès ne changeait pas grand-chose aux espérances politiques et dynastiques du père de Caligula. Nixon? En effet, le vieil Auguste avait pris toutes les dispositions utiles pour lui assurer l'avenir le plus radieux. Essay On Hornbill? C'était du tout cuit ! En définitive, ce serait lui, Germanicus, fils adoptif et d'ors et déjà successeur désigné de Tibère, qui hériterait de l'Empire si son père venait à mourir ou renonçait au trône. Essay? Or, le nouvel empereur n'était plus tout jeune (il avait 56 ans), il était usé par des années de vie militaire et, qui plus est, sujet à de fréquentes crises de déprime. On Hornbill? Il suffisait donc que Germanicus attende quelques années, voire quelques mois, pour que, sans pleurs ni grincements de dents, le pouvoir tombe, tout chaud tout rôti, dans son assiette ! (Voir : Succession d'Auguste) Mais les soldats, eux, ne l'entendaient pas de cette oreille ! Pour eux, la désignation de Tibère n'était qu'une farce ! On essayait de les lanterner ! Les Sénateurs de Rome avaient désigné un Princeps ? Soit ! grand bien leur fasse ! Mais eux, ils avaient le droit imprescriptible de choisir un Imperator ! Selon la logique du Principat, cette prétention pouvait paraître légitime : dans le système politique conçu par Auguste (voir ici), le chef politique de Rome, celui que, par facilité, nous nommons empereur , cumulait (au moins) deux fonctions : il était tout autant le chef du Sénat et du Peuple ( Princeps ) que le commandant en chef ( Imperator ) des armées romaines. Richard Nixon Essay? Pour les soldats, la question de leur bon droit constitutionnel ne se posait donc pas. On Hornbill? Il s'agissait plutôt d'un problème de ressources humaines (comme on ict coursework, dit - fort mal - de nos jours) : ils voulaient que Germanicus ceigne immédiatement le bandeau impérial plutôt que cette vieille ganache blanchie sous le harnais de Tibère.

De murmures en récriminations, la situation se dégrada très sérieusement. Essay? Plusieurs légions entrèrent en rébellion ouverte. Ict Coursework Answers? Les plus excités des soldats offrirent même la pourpre à Germanicus, lui proposant de le mener à Rome afin de l'introniser à la place de son vieux tonton, cet empereur gâteux désigné par des Sénateurs serviles. Germanicus refusa catégoriquement. Cela ne refroidit pas les enthousiasmes ! Comme les légionnaires, de plus en plus insistants, de plus en plus nerveux, devenaient menaçants, Germanicus songea à mettre sa petite famille à l'abri en l'éloignant du camp. On Hornbill? Les soldats comprirent alors qu'ils avaient été trop loin. Essays Of 2013? Honteux de leur conduite, ils arrêtèrent la voiture qui emmenait Agrippine et ses enfants dans une ville voisine, et, mouillant leurs rudes cuirasses de larmes de repentir, demandèrent à leur commandant en chef qu'il leur épargnât une telle marque de défiance . C'est sans doute à l'occasion de cette réconciliation entre le général et ses légions que, pour flatter l'armée encore échauffée, le petit Caius fut présenté sur le front des troupes, revêtu d'un habit militaire miniature, avec des godillots réglementaires ( caligae ) à sa taille.

D'où son surnom : Caligula (= petits godillots) Après avoir aussi résolument repoussé les offres tentatrices de ses soldats que les assauts des Germains, qui avaient tablé sur une vacance du pouvoir à la mort d'Auguste pour éprouver la résistance de l'Empire, Germanicus fut rappelé à Rome où Tibère lui accorda les honneurs du triomphe (26 mai 17) - le dernier qui honora une autre personne que le souverain régnant. Ses lauriers n'eurent guère le temps de sécher ! À peine Germanicus se fut-il débarrassé des derniers confettis de la fête que l'empereur lui confia le commandement général de l'Orient romain. Essay On Hornbill? Les Parthes, prenant prétexte d'une querelle dynastique venaient d'occuper l'Arménie, un protectorat romain. Germanicus se contenta d'une démonstration de la puissance romaine.

Déployant des forces considérables, mais avec la ferme intention de n'en user qu'en cas d'extrême nécessité, il réoccupa l'Arménie presque sans coup férir et y fit couronner un souverain ami de Rome (18 ap. Nixon Essay? J.-C.). Ce succès facile en amena un autre : la démonstration des légions de Germanicus avait tant effrayé le roi des Parthes qu'il s'empressa d'envoyer des émissaires au jeune prince romain pour négocier la prolongation des traités d'amitié entre son royaume et Rome. Essay On Hornbill? En Orient, la paix romaine était assurée pour quinze ans. Pour se reposer de ses fatigues, Germanicus s'accorda un petit voyage d'agrément en Égypte. Conventionality? Il y séjourna quelques mois en compagnie de son épouse Agrippine et de toute sa petite famille, Ensuite, tout ce petit mode revint à Antioche. Essay On Hornbill? C'est là que le père de Caligula tomba gravement malade et mourut (10 octobre 19).

Bien qu'il soit impossible de se prononcer avec certitude, il semble bien que la mort de Germanicus fut naturelle. Thesis Dissertation Copyright And Embargo Agreement? Mais ce ne fut pas l'avis de sa veuve, la fameuse Agrippine (l'Ancienne) . Essay On Hornbill? Pour elle, pas de doute ! Feu son mari avait été empoisonné et c'était le gouverneur de Syrie PIson, aidé de son épouse Plautilla, qui avait versé le poison dans la coupe de son pauvre mari. Grade? Toujours selon Agrippine, ce couple sans aveu avait accompli son forfait sur ordre de Livie, la mère de l'empereur, et, peut-être aussi, qui sait, sur celui de Tibère lui-même ! Évidemment, Agrippine n'avançait pas l'ombre du commencement d'une preuve. On Hornbill? Le corps de Germanicus avait été exposé nu sur le forum d'Antioche et nul n'avait décelé sur lui la moindre trace suspecte. Conventionality Thesis? En outre, ni Livie ni Tibère n'avaient le moindre intérêt à la disparition de ce brillant jeune homme : l'empereur n'avait jamais eu la moindre divergence de vue avec ce neveu qu'il aimait autant - si pas plus - que son fils Drusus ! En revanche, cette hystérique d'Agrippine, elle, avait tout intérêt à faire de son époux un martyr : plus Tibère était discrédité, plus ses fils (le jeune Caligula était à ce moment le troisième dans l'ordre de succession) avaient de chance de monter un jour sur le trône ! Agrippine ramena à Rome les cendres de son époux Germanicus. Essay On Hornbill? À cette occasion, l'émotion populaire fut si vive que l'empereur Tibère fut contraint de promulguer un édit pour ramener le chagrin des Romains dans les limites de la décence. Of 2013? Un grand nombre de Romains sont morts pour leur patrie, mais pas un n'a été aussi ardemment regretté.

Il faut cependant savoir se modérer. Essay? Ce qui convient peut-être à une famille modeste, à un État quelconque, ne sied pas de même à des hommes de haute condition et à un peuple qui règne sur le monde. Ict Coursework? (#133;). Essay On Hornbill? Les princes sont mortels ; seule la République est éternelle. The Best American Essays? Revenez à vos pratiques ordinaires et faites à nouveau place à la joie ! (Tacite, Annales, III, 6 - Cité par E. Essay? Kornemann, Tibère , Payot, Paris). Ces sages paroles furent d'autant plus perdues qu'Agrippine s'entêtait à proclamer partout que son mari était l'innocente victime du tyran cruel et sanguinaire qui, au mépris de tout droit, avait succédé à Auguste. Answers? Ses calomnies à l'encontre de Tibère et de sa mère Livie redoublèrent et donnèrent bien vite un sens politique à la tristesse populaire. Essay? Bientôt, le peuple et le Sénat ne se contentèrent plus de pleurer la disparition de Germanicus, mais vouèrent sotto voce l'empereur Tibère aux gémonies.

Foutons ce Tibère de malheur dans le Tibre, ( Tiberius ad Tiberim ) et offrons le trône aux fils du grand Germanicus sur le trône ! commençait-on à murmurer. La mère de Caligula faisait pourtant un très mauvais calcul. Tibère, privé de Germanicus, son meilleur collaborateur, éprouvait de plus en plus de répugnance à gouverner seul. Conventionality Thesis? Il cherchait désespérément quelqu'un avec qui partager l'écrasant fardeau de l'État. Essay On Hornbill? Croyant saper l'autorité du vieil empereur pour porter sa propre progéniture sur le trône, Agrippine jeta donc littéralement l'empereur dans les bras d'un homme à poigne, mais dévoré d'ambition et dénué de scrupules : le préfet du Prétoire Séjan . Le démoniaque préfet feignit un moment d'épouser la cause d'Agrippine. In International Law War? Leurs intérêts ne convergeaient-ils pas ? Drusus, fils unique de Tibère, etait devenu, à la mort de Germanicus, l'héritier présomptif et trône et un rival potentiel pour les fils d'Agrippine. On Hornbill? Or, justement, Séjan était entré en conflit avec ce Drusus qui, mieux que son impérial papa, avait percé à jour les noirs desseins de l'ambitieux préfet. Celui-ci ne perdit pas de temps. Nixon Thesis? Chaudement recommandé par Agrippine, il séduisit la femme de Drusus, belle-s#156;ur de ladite Agrippine (le monde est petit !) et la poussa à empoisonner son époux.

Le fils unique de Tibère mourut en 23 ap. On Hornbill? J.-C. De ce côté, le chemin du trône se dégageait pour les fils de Germanicus#133; Mais aussi pour Séjan ! C'est qu'il avait revu ses ambitions à la hausse, le Préfet ! Maintenant, il jouait cavalier seul et songeait à s'asseoir lui-même sur le trône impérial. Il commença par persuader Tibère de goûter sans crainte aux charmes d'un repos bien mérité dans une retraite paradisiaque tandis que lui-même liquiderait les affaires courantes. Thesis? En 27 ap. Essay On Hornbill? J.-C., Tibère se retirait quasi définitivement dans l'île de Capri. Ensuite, il fallait que Séjan se débarrasse des héritiers légitimes de l'empereur. First Grade Creative Ideas? Cela signifiait qu'il devait discréditer d'abord, puis éliminer toute la famille de Germanicus, sa veuve Agrippine et surtout ses trois fils Nero Cæsar, Drusus III et notre Caius-Caligula. L'empereur étant loin de Rome, Séjan n'eut aucun mal à lui faire accroire que sa vie était très sérieusement menacée par d'innombrables complots qui, tous, émanaient de la veuve de Germanicus et de ses rejetons. Essay? C'était prêcher à un converti ! Depuis une bonne dizaine d'année, Tibère exécrait cette hystérique d'Agrippine, elle qui, plus que tout autre, avait sapé sa popularité. Ce n'est pourtant qu'au bout de trois années d'insistance que l'infâme Préfet du Prétoire obtint de Tibère la condamnation de la veuve de Germanicus et de ses fils aînés.

Tous furent déclarés ennemis publics et traités comme tels. Thesis Dissertation And Embargo? Agrippine l'Ancienne fut exilée à Pandateria et y mourut en 33. Essay? Son fils Nero Cæsar, d'abord exilé au même endroit que sa mère, fut transféré ensuite à Pontia et s'y suicida en 31. Ict Coursework Answers? Quant à son cadet Drusus III, il fut emprisonné à Rome et mourut vers 33 seulement, dans des circonstances restées obscures. De l'illustre famille de Germanicus, celle qu'Auguste avait choisie pour hériter de son trône, il ne restait que le jeune Caius - Caligula et deux filles (Agrippine la Jeune, mère de Néron, et Drusilla). Si Caligula avait échappé à la répression, c'est sans doute parce que, depuis un certain temps déjà, il vivait éloigné de sa mère. Essay? En effet, Tibère, soucieux de conserver un héritier de son sang, avait soustrait son plus jeune petit-neveu à l'influence néfaste d'Agrippine et l'avait confié à sa propre mère, la vieille Augusta Livie. À la mort de Livie (27 ap. Nixon? J.-C.) Caligula alla habiter chez sa grand-mère Antonia (fille du Triumvir Antoine et mère de Germanicus).

On peut supposer que ce jeune homme qui, plus tard, prétendrait transformer le principat en monarchie de droit divin, fut vivement impressionné par l'atmosphère orientalisante de cette maison, avec son armée de serviteurs égyptiens obséquieux et adulateurs. Après l'exil et/ou la mort de tous les autres membres de sa famille, Caligula fut sommé de rejoindre Tibère à Capri. On Hornbill? Il devait y rester jusqu'à la mort du vieil empereur. Ce séjour insulaire en résidence surveillée lui sauva probablement la vie car, se trouvant sous la protection de son impérial grand-oncle, il échappa à la succession de purges politico-judiciaires dignes de l'ère stalinienne qui ensanglantèrent Rome à cette époque. Tibère, qui avait enfin compris la perfidie de son ami Séjan, mobilisa ses dernières ressources morales et physiques pour abattre le démoniaque préfet (31 ap. Essays Of 2013? J.-C.). Essay? Ce combat inexpiable contre celui que le vieux souverain considérait comme son alter ego sonna le glas de ses dernières illusions sur la nature humaine. Dissertation Copyright And Embargo? Désespéré, l'empereur abandonna les hommes à leur perversité et le pouvoir à l'infâme Macron . On Hornbill? Celui-ci, promu préfet du prétoire en remplacement de ce Séjan qu'il avait contribué à abattre, put sans encombre établir une tyrannie digne de son prédécesseur, aussi sanglante et aussi arbitraire. Richard Nixon Thesis? Rome mourrait de peur et de délation.

Les procès pour lèse-majesté se multipliaient. On Hornbill? Ceux qui ne périssaient pas craignaient pour leur vie ! L'aristocratie sénatoriale romaine était décimée ou s'inclinait devant le nouveau tout-puissant Préfet du Prétoire. Il est donc fort peu probable que le jeune Caligula, dont toute la famille avait été condamnée pour crime de haute trahison, eût pu sortir indemne de ce nid de frelons qu'était la Rome de Macron. Essay Law War? Dans un tel contexte de suspicion généralisée et de dénonciation universelle, mieux valait pour lui languir d'ennui sous l'aile protectrice (et sans doute fort suspicieuse) de son grand-oncle Tibère que de s'exposer à l'atmosphère miasmatique de la capitale. Cela dit, si l'on accorde foi aux assertions de Suétone quant au règne scandaleux de Caligula, on on hornbill, peut aussi se poser la question de savoir si la survie de ce prince à toutes ces épreuves fut réellement un bienfait pour l'humanité#133;

Puisque l'on nage en pleine histoire-fiction, une autre question, bien plus intéressante, mérite d'être posée : Le vieux Tibère avait-il décelé les défauts, voire la folie de son petit-neveu ? Et si oui, pourquoi ne remit-il jamais en cause les droits de Caius-Caligula à sa succession (à égalité avec ceux de Tiberius Gemellus, son petit-fils) ? Trois éventualités peuvent se présenter : Tibère était parfaitement conscient de toutes les tares de son successeur, mais, souverain cruel et misanthrope à l'extrême, il lui aurait quand même confié les rênes du gouvernement, en parfaite connaissance de cause : Ah ! ces satanés Romains m'en ont fait voir des vertes et des pas mûres ! Et bien, je leur réserve un chien de cette chienne d'Agrippine ! Après moi, le déluge !. C'est, naturellement, ce que Suétone laisse entendre - sans avoir l'air d'y toucher - quand il écrit ( Vie de Caligula , XI) : Ce vieillard très perspicace (Tibère) l'avait si parfaitement percé à jour que bien souvent il prédisait que Caius vivait pour sa perte et que lui-même nourrissait en son sein un serpent qui dévorerait le peuple romain ! . Essay? Dame ! Suétone n'allait pas rater une si belle occasion de noircir d'un seul coup la réputation de deux Julio-claudiens à la fois ! Tibère trompé sur la marchandise . Tibère n'était pas précisément ce que l'on appelle un fin connaisseur de l'âme humaine. Essay On Hornbill? Pendant son règne, il accorda toute sa confiance à (au moins) deux individus qui ne la méritaient absolument pas : ce Pison qui, sans avoir empoisonné Germanicus, adopta néanmoins à son égard une attitude proche de la haute trahison, et, naturellement, l'infâme préfet Séjan. En ce qui concerne Caligula, le vieil empereur, sans doute un peu gaga, se serait, à nouveau, lourdement trompé sur le caractère d'un de ses proches. Ict Coursework? Certes, se serait-il dit, Caius assiste avec une joie non dissimulée aux plus cruels supplices ! Certes il fréquente les bordels, séduit les dignes matrones et aime les danses et les chants lascifs ! Mais n'est-ce pas là le lot de toute cette jeunesse dorée romaine ? Et puis, le temps adoucira ses m#156;urs ! Ça lui passera avant que ça ne me reprenne ! (Voir Suétone, Vie de Caligula , XI ). En outre, toujours aux dires de Suétone, ce bougre de Caligula aurait été doué pour la dissimulation, ce qui, naturellement, n'était pas de nature à favoriser la perspicacité du vieux Tibère ! Jamais, par exemple, il ne manifesta la moindre plainte quant au sort des autres membres de sa famille : Il témoignait d'une telle patience, aussi bien à l'égard de Tibère que de son entourage, que l'on peut dire de lui, non sans bonnes raisons, que jamais il n'y eût meilleur esclave ni plus mauvais maître (Suétone, Vie de Caligula , X ) Caligula, sain d'esprit à Capri. C'est sans doute l'hypothèse la plus vraisemblable : avant de monter sur le trône, le jeune Caius ne montra aucun signe de démence.

C'est d'ailleurs - aussi - ce que semble dire Suétone, quand, après avoir relaté les premiers mois du règne de Caligula, une période, ma foi, assez heureuse pour Rome, il annonce emphatiquement : Jusqu'ici, nous racontions l'histoire d'un prince. Essay On Hornbill? Le reste, ce sera celle d'un monstre . Creative? (Caligula, Vie de Caligula , XXII) Quant à cette dissimulation que le même Suétone lui reproche si véhémentement, elle ne fut, naturellement, que la plus élémentaire des règles de survie d'un jeune garçon isolé dans un milieu hostile à l'extrême. Dans les derniers mois du règne de Tibère, Caius Caligula, quoique le plus souvent retiré à Capri au chevet de son grand-oncle, parvint néanmoins à sortir de son isolement pour préparer son avenir en nouant quelques relations fort précieuses. Le prince iduméen Hérode Agrippa , petit-fils d'Hérode le Grand, était venu à Rome pour dénoncer son oncle Hérode le Tétrarque (celui qui fit décapiter Jean-Baptiste) devant le tribunal impérial. Essay? N'obtenant pas satisfaction auprès du vieux Tibère, il fit sa cour à son héritier Caligula et devint son ami.

Un soir, lors d'un banquet bien arrosé, il formula à haute voix un souhait : Je prie chaque jour, dit-il en substance, pour que l'éclatant soleil de Caligula éclaire enfin le monde et que l'on porte à six pieds sous terre le vieux débris qui n'en finit pas de pourrir à Capri !. On le devine, ces propos imagés ne furent pas du goût dudit vieux débris : Hérode Agrippa s'en alla épouser les geôles impériales. Conventionality Thesis? Régime strict, eau d'amertume et pain de tribulations ! Il demeura six mois en prison. Essay On Hornbill? Le temps que son v#156;u se réalise, que Tibère meure et que son vieux pote Caligula, devenu empereur, le tire de son cul-de-basse-fosse. First Ideas? Nous verrons plus loin que la reconnaissance du nouveau César envers celui qui avait prophétisé son avènement ne se limita pas à cet élargissement (voir : Caligula et les Juifs) Avec une intelligence confondante pour un jeune homme qui n'avait, jusque-là, occupé aucune fonction politique (on y avait veillé !), Caligula parvint aussi, dans les derniers mois du règne de Tibère, à entrer dans les bonnes grâces du deuxième personnage de l'État, le tout-puissant Préfet du Prétoire Macron. Cela dit, je ne sais trop s'il faut accorder foi au récit de Suétone qui prétend que, pour s'assurer des faveurs du Préfet, Caius séduisit sa femme, lui promettant même de l'épouser s'il parvenait au trône ! Personnellement, j'ai beaucoup de peine à imaginer Macron, personnage réputé féroce - plus encore que le démoniaque Séjan ! - dans ce rôle de cocu magnifique et complaisant. Essay? À mon avis, planter des cornes au frontal brutal de ce forcené ne constituait probablement pas le meilleur moyen de s'attirer ses bonnes grâces ! Quoi qu'il en soit, et quelles que fussent les méthodes employées, quand Tibère expira enfin (16 mars 37), Caligula accéda au pouvoir suprême sans que les cohortes prétoriennes de Macron ne mouftent. Signalons également que le récit des historiens latins (Suétone et Tacite) d'un prétendu assassinat de Tibère est peu crédible. Ict Coursework? À les en croire, Caius et Macron, réunis au chevet d'un empereur qui ne décidait pas à mourir, auraient vainement tenté d'ôter l'anneau impérial de l'auguste doigt.

Constatant alors que le moribond Tibère respirait encore et résistait, les deux acolytes l'auraient étranglé après l'avoir étouffé sous un coussin. Tout cela semble peu vraisemblable. On Hornbill? Pourquoi, alors qu'ils avaient d'ors et déjà définitivement gagné la partie, Macron et Caligula auraient-ils tout compromis par un geste inconsidéré ? Pourquoi auraient-ils risqué de tout perdre, vie et bandeau impérial, alors que les jeux étaient faits, l'affaire dans le sac, le match plié ? En l'absence de toute source historique fiable, il est assez difficile de comprendre ce que fut réellement le Principat de Caius. Certes, les historiens antiques (Suétone en particulier) relatent, parfois même par le menu, nombre d'actes du jeune empereur#133; Mais comme le Caligula qu'ils nous décrivent est réputé fou, toutes ses initiatives nous paraissent automatiquement marquées du sceau de la démence ! D'autant plus que les écrivains antiques ne mentionnent jamais les motivations du quatrième césar. Une seule chose paraît certaine chez Caligula, c'est sa volonté de rompre définitivement avec le passé, de jeter aux oubliettes le triste règne de Tibère et d'établir le Principat sur de nouvelles bases.

Or, le Principat, ce régime politique qu'Auguste avait substitué à la République sénatoriale, n'était rien d'autre que la réunion de pouvoirs de natures variées entre les mains d'un seul homme : pouvoirs militaires, populaires, sénatoriaux et sacerdotaux. Essay In International Law War? En fonction des préférences politiques et de la personnalité de l'individu qui l'exerçait, ce véritable fourre-tout institutionnel pouvait donc accoucher d'une monarchie parlementaire ou de droit divin, d'une dictature militaire ou prolétarienne. Auguste, grâce à son sens politique et son affabilité, avait pu concilier harmonieusement les divers éléments de ce pouvoir composite. On Hornbill? Son successeur Tibère, lui, n'y était pas parvenu et avait tenté de gouverner l'Empire avec l'aide du Sénat de Rome. Ict Coursework? Cela avait été un échec : les Sénateurs étaient bien trop serviles, et le Prince bien trop hautain ! Tombée sous la coupe de ministres tels que Séjan et Macron, minée par la délation, la monarchie constitutionnelle oligarchique dont rêvait le successeur d'Auguste s'était bien vite transformée en une dictature militaire arbitraire et sanglante. Caligula, lui, tira la leçon de l'échec de Tibère. Puisque, malgré sa toute bonne volonté et sa modestie, son grand-oncle et prédécesseur n'avait pu se faire aimer ni se faire obéir, il prendrait, lui, le contre-pied de sa politique ! Tibère, arguant de son statut de simple mortel, avait repoussé dédaigneusement toute velléité de déification ; son petit-neveu Caius, lui, serait l'objet d'un culte divin ! Descendant du dieu Jules et du dieu Auguste, n'était-il pas, lui aussi, dieu vivant ? Le seul dieu vivant ? C'est bien cette prétention à la royauté divine qui constitue l'une des caractéristiques majeures du règne de Caligula. Essay? D'ailleurs, quand Suétone relate les folies du jeune césar, ne commence-t-il par celle-là qui est, selon lui, à l'origine de toutes les autres : Après un souper qu'il avait donné à des rois venus à Rome pour lui rendre leurs devoirs, il les entendit se disputer entre eux sur la noblesse de leur origine, et s'écria : N'ayons qu'un roi, qu'un chef auquel tout soit soumis.

Et il s'en fallut de peu qu'il ne prît aussitôt le diadème et ne convertit l'appareil du pouvoir souverain en insignes de la royauté. Answers? Mais, comme on essay, l'avertit qu'il avait surpassé la grandeur des princes et des rois, il commença à s'attribuer la majesté divine . Answers? (Suétone, Vie de Caligula , XXII). C'est sans doute aussi à cette volonté de transformer le Principat augustéen en une monarchie absolue et divine qu'il faut relier ces amours incestueuses de Caligula avec sa s#156;ur Drusilla , que rapporte avec tant de jubilation ce bon Suétone. Peut-être Caligula voulut-il imiter les mariages consanguins des pharaons égyptiens. On Hornbill? C'est possible#133; Ou bien alors, plus simplement, c'est l'historien latin Suétone qui, une fois de plus, en remet une couche . Conventionality Thesis? Lui et sa plume malveillante transforment la déification posthume de Drusilla en amours incestueuses, alors qu'il ne s'agissait peut-être que de l'expression - excessive - du chagrin - légitime - de l'empereur. Essay On Hornbill? Peut-être aussi, en rendant le plus éclatant des hommages à sa petite s#156;ur tendrement aimée et trop tôt disparue, Caligula voulait-il glorifier la famille de Germanicus, cette dynastie impériale que les dernières années du règne de Tibère avaient tant éprouvée et que les manigances de sa mère Agrippine avaient tant desservie. Durant les huit premiers mois de son règne, Caligula gouverna sagement. Essay Thesis? Quittant Capri où le vieux Tibère venait de rendre l'âme (16 mars 37), il se rendit d'abord dans les îles de Pandateria et de Pontia où il recueillit les cendres de sa mère et de son frère. Essay On Hornbill? Ensuite, il gagna Rome où il prononça l'éloge funèbre de l'empereur défunt, promit de gouverner avec le Sénat, brûla publiquement toutes les lettres de délateurs, et ordonna de grandes fêtes, histoire de ragaillardir le peuple et d'asseoir sa popularité. Thesis? Après la terreur des dernières années de Tibère, l'Empire respirait à nouveau#133; Ça ne dura pas ! Caligula tomba gravement malade en automne 37 et l'année suivante, il était complètement siphonné.

Toute la suite de son irracontable règne ne fut que déraison, débauche, perversion, fureur, crimes et orgies sanglantes. Ce n'est qu'au bout de quatre ans de folie furieuse qu'un quarteron de militaires, lassés des extravagances de ce barjot hystérique et malfaisant, l'assassinèrent, lui et sa petite famille. Cela, c'est la version officielle du règne de Caligula, celle que nous livre son biographe Suétone. On Hornbill? Mais, le moins que l'on puisse dire, c'est que de nombreuses zones d'ombre subsistent !Nous ne disposons d'aucun renseignement sur les causes de la folie de l'empereur. Thesis Copyright And Embargo Agreement? Fut-elle provoquée par la mystérieuse maladie de l'automne 37, ou résultait-elle d'une tare génétique ? Mystère et boules de gomme#133; On parla aussi d'empoisonnement. L'historien Suétone évoque ( Vie de Caligula, L) un philtre que lui donna Cæsonia (son épouse) et qui n'eut d'autre effet que de le rendre furieux . Essay? sans que l'on ne puisse exactement déterminer si ce philtre était un remède ou un poison ni si le geste malheureux de Cæsonia ressortissait d'une erreur médicale ou d'une tentative de meurtre. Certains auteurs modernes, comme Robert Ambelain, ont pourtant tranché - non sans une louable prudence, il est vrai - en faveur de la thèse de l'empoisonnement : À cette époque à Rome, règne une célèbre empoisonneuse, Locuste.

Elle sera mise à mort à Rome en 68, sous le règne de Galba. Ict Coursework? Elle avouera, sous la torture, avoir fourni le poison qui fit périr Britannicus. Essay On Hornbill? Comme on first ideas, ne lui demanda pas de détails sur ses relations avec Cæsonia, il n'y a donc qu'une présomption pour qu'elle ait également fourni celui qui rendit fou Caligula. On Hornbill? Observons toutefois que les solanées entraient pour une part importante dans la composition des philtres de mort, car elles entraînaient des troubles préalables qui pouvaient faire croire à une maladie cérébrale. Dissertation And Embargo Agreement? Mais si le philtre était insuffisant, si le sujet, traité à temps, pouvait échapper à la mort, il y avait malgré tout des séquelles graves, et des troubles cérébraux en résultaient immanquablement. On Hornbill? Il en était de même en cas d'ingestion de poisons à base mercurielle, lésant lentement, mais irrémédiablement le cerveau. Conventionality? (R. Essay On Hornbill? Ambelain, la Vie secrète de saint Paul , chap. Ict Coursework? 21).

Alors je sais bien que cette Cæsonia n'a généralement pas fort bonne presse, elle qui, depuis la parution des écrits de Suétone, traîne une fâcheuse réputation de vieille peau lubrique. On Hornbill? Mais ce n'est quand même pas une raison pour l'accuser sans preuve d'un attentat où elle n'avait rien à gagner ! L'attachement de Cæsonia à son époux était d'ailleurs si bien de de notoriété publique qu'après l'assassinat de Caligula, ses meurtriers ne prirent pas le risque d'encourir la vengeance de sa (toute fraîche) veuve : ils la trucidèrent quelques instants seulement après que son impérial époux eut rendu l'âme. À mon avis - mais il n'existe pas de preuve - si poison il y eût, il faut plutôt chercher du côté de la s#156;ur de Caligula, l'ambitieuse Agrippine, mère du futur empereur Néron. Thesis And Embargo Agreement? Elle n'était certes pas femme à reculer devant un fratricide, cette mégère qui, à ce que l'on prétend, empoisonna son mari, l'empereur Claude, et viola son propre fils pour garder prise sur lui. Essay On Hornbill? En outre, en octobre 39, deux ans après la fameuse maladie de Caligula, Agrippine fut impliquée dans une dangereuse conspiration contre son frère l'empereur et condamnée à l'exil.

Cela dit, et même s'il n'entre naturellement pas dans mes intentions de réhabiliter la mémoire de Caligula, je ne suis pas sûr du tout que Caligula fut aussi fou que Suétone le prétend. Essay In International Law War? Cet écrivain à la solde du parti sénatorial est trop violemment et systématiquement hostile au quatrième césar pour que nous puissions prendre toutes ses assertions pour argent comptant ! Cependant, déséquilibré, Caligula le fut donc sans doute. Essay? C'est d'ailleurs le contraire qui eût été étonnant ! Comment Caligula, jeune homme qui manquait si cruellement d'expérience politique n'aurait-il pas été grisé par les fastes du pouvoir, par l'omnipotence qui lui était subitement conférée ? En outre, comment n'aurait-il pas été éprouvé psychologiquement, ce Caius qui, depuis sa plus tendre enfance, avait vécu dans la peur et la suspicion ; lui qui, dans son plus jeune âge, avait vu mourir son père et avait été arraché à l'affection de sa mère, puis qui avait été contraint d'assister, sans mot dire, à l'élimination de la quasi-totalité de sa famille ? Mais était-il fou pour autant ? Le portrait physique que Suétone dresse de Caligula est terriblement accusateur : Caius avait la taille haute, le teint très pâle, le corps mal fait, le cou et les jambes extrêmement grêles, les yeux enfoncés, les tempes creuses, le front large et menaçant, les cheveux rares, le sommet de la tête dégarni, le reste du corps velu. Writing Ideas? Aussi était-ce un crime capital de regarder d'en haut quand il passait, ou de prononcer le mot chèvre pour quelque raison que ce fût. On Hornbill? Son visage était naturellement affreux et repoussant, et il le rendait plus horrible encore en s'étudiant devant son miroir à imprimer à sa physionomie tout ce qui pouvait inspirer la terreur et l'effroi. Essay Law War? Il n'était sain ni de corps ni d'esprit. Essay? Épileptique dès son enfance, dans l'âge adulte il était quelquefois sujet à des défaillances subites au milieu de ses travaux ; et alors il ne pouvait ni marcher, ni se tenir debout, ni revenir à lui, ni se soutenir. Conventionality? (#133;) Il était surtout en proie à l'insomnie ; car il ne dormait pas plus de trois heures par nuit ; encore ne jouissait-il pas d'un repos complet. On Hornbill? Son sommeil était troublé par de bizarres fantômes. First Grade Creative Writing? Une fois entre autres, il rêva qu'il avait un entretien avec la mer. Essay On Hornbill? Aussi, la plus grande partie de la nuit, las de veiller ou d'être couché, tantôt il restait assis sur son lit, tantôt il parcourait de longs portiques, attendant et invoquant plusieurs fois le jour. Of 2013? (Suétone, Vie de Caligula , L). Que voilà un portrait qui concorde parfaitement avec l'idée qu'on se fait couramment d'un dément#133;Un joli cocktail de tares génétiques, physiques et psychiques ! Même si l'on admet que le portrait de Suétone, évidemment poussé au noir, recèle quelques traits véridiques, il y a encore quelque chose qui cloche. Essay On Hornbill? Si l'on parcourt une chronologie objective, épurée de tout sensationnel, du Principat de Caligula (voir par exemple celle du site Tiberius13), on ict coursework answers, constatera que l'activité de l'empereur Caius n'apparaît pas foncièrement désordonnée, même en tenant compte de l'inexpérience de ce jeune souverain ainsi que de la brièveté de son règne qui l'empêcha probablement de mener à leur terme la plupart de ses projets.

Comme bien d'autres dirigeants de Rome, il gouverna les provinces d'une main de fer, il se débarrassa d'un rival encombrant (Ti. Essay On Hornbill? Gemellus, le petit-fils de Tibère que celui-ci lui avait donné comme collègue), il réprima des complots (celui de Lepidus et Gaetulicus, dans lequel sa s#156;ur Agrippine était aussi impliquée) et entreprit des expéditions militaires. Richard Nixon Essay? Rien de fondamentalement inhabituel ! En revanche, les détails fantaisistes que fournit à l'envi la biographie de Suétone fourmillent d'invraisemblances. Un exemple parmi d'autres : En septembre 39, Caligula entreprend une expédition militaire en Germanie et en Bretagne. Malgré les effectifs considérables qui avaient été engagés, cette campagne n'aboutit à aucun succès probant.

Bon, d'accord ! Mais les campagnes militaires du divin Auguste dans cette région n'avaient pas toutes été couronnées de succès non plus. Essay? En fait, on law war, pense plutôt aujourd'hui que si l'empereur Caius avait réuni tant de troupes au Nord de l'Empire, ce fut moins pour donner une leçon aux Barbares que pour réprimer cette très dangereuse conspiration de Lepidus et de Gaetulicus que je viens d'évoquer. Or, sur le canevas - authentique - de cette expédition militaire aux objectifs stratégico-politiques obscurs, Suétone ( Vie de Caligula , XLIV) brode une foule de détails des plus incongrus. On Hornbill? Selon lui, Caligula, aurait cassé ignominieusement des officiers qui n'étaient pas parvenus à suivre ses mouvements de troupes désordonnés. Essay? Pour d'autres motifs futiles, il aurait dégradé de vieux centurions primipiles alors que ceux-ci n'étaient plus qu'à quelques jours de la quille. Essay? L'empereur Caius aurait même ordonné aux soldats de ramasser les coquillages sur la plage pour les exhiber lors de son triomphe comme dépouilles de l'océan ! Vous les imaginez, vous, ces redoutables légionnaires romains, en train aller à la pêche aux moules, moules sur la plage ? Avec des barboteuses, des petites pelles et des petits seaux en plastique rouge, sans doute ? Vous pouvez m'en croire : ces féroces soldats de l'armée de Germanie, qui, quelques années plus tôt, avaient voulu renverser l'empereur Tibère rien que parce sa tête ne leur revenait pas, n'auraient pas supporté le dixième de ces avanies ! Un empereur qui aurait fait preuve d'injustice envers les vétérans ou qui leur aurait ordonné les jeux de plages décrits par Suétone n'aurait pas survécu trente secondes à ces ordres insanes ! Faut-il réellement parler de l'épisode du cheval Incitatus ? Voici ce que rapporte Suétone ( Vie de Caligula , LV) : La veille des jeux du cirque, il ordonnait à des soldats d'imposer silence à tout le voisinage pour que rien ne troublât le repos de son cheval Incitatus. Essay In International? Il lui fit faire une écurie de marbre, une crèche d'ivoire, des housses de pourpre et des licous garnis de pierres précieuses. Essay On Hornbill? Il lui donna un palais, des esclaves et un mobilier, afin que les personnes invitées en son nom fussent reçues plus magnifiquement. Law War? On dit même qu'il voulait le faire consul #133; Pourquoi pas ? Tout se laisse écrire !#133;

Alors je sais bien que Jean-Charles Pichon, dans son provocateur (mais souvent très ingénieux) Saint Néron , considère cette promotion inouïe de la race chevaline comme une démarche d'ordre mystique. On Hornbill? Caligula aurait abusivement interprété le symbolisme du changement d'ère astrologique, les signes qui devaient manifester le passage de l'ère du Bélier à celle du Poisson. The Best American Of 2013? Par ses folies (ou prétendues telles), Caligula aurait donc poursuivi un objectif précis. On Hornbill? Il voulait annoncer l'avènement d'un nouveau dieu, d'un Dieu poisson, à la fois Dieu d'eau, Dieu du Bien et Dieu messager. Conventionality Thesis? Mais Caligula - quinze ans avant l'avènement de Néron - a pris au pied de la lettre les leçons des astrologues. Essay? Du plus vieux symbole sagittaire, le Cheval, il a fait son meilleur ami, Incitatus, celui qui incite, qui envoie. American Essays Of 2013? Aux Dioscures, la tête tranchée, il a prêté sa propre tête. Essay? Amant d'Isis, il attendait de la Vierge qu'elle lui donne l'enfant-dieu. Essay Law War? Maître de la mer, enfin, il a multiplié les ports, les digues, les phares.

Il a même suspendu, dans l'île de Bretagne, l'ardeur de ses légions pour contraindre les soldats à lui cueillir de fabuleux trophées marins : les coquillages nacrés où s'anime l'arc-en-ciel . Essay On Hornbill? (Jean-Charles Pichon, Saint Néron , e/dite histoire). Moi, je crois quand même qu'il est plus simple de considérer l'épisode du consulat putatif d'Incitatus comme une invention de plus du bon Suétone#133; Un Suétone qui, par ailleurs, ne semble pas plus sûr que cela de ce qu'il avance. On dit qu'il voulait le faire consul, écrit-il. Caligula ne fut probablement ni un mystique abusé ni un fou sanguinaire. Of 2013? Ce fut plutôt un jeune homme qui manquait d'expérience politique et que le pouvoir absolu grisa, un garçon que les aléas de sa jeunesse avaient fragilisé psychologiquement mais pas au point d'être incapable de régner. On Hornbill? Tout le reste, ses caprices, ses débauches, ses orgies, ses crimes, bref toutes les folies qu'on lui attribue, ne sont vraisemblablement que des exagérations ou des inventions d'historiens partiaux et hostiles. Pour complaire aux bons empereurs de la dynastie antonine, qui avaient si heureusement succédé aux Julio-claudiens et aux Flaviens, et qui rémunéraient si grassement les plumes mercenaires, il fallait inventer un genre littéraire nouveau, le portrait irrévérencieux d'un mauvais empereur du temps jadis avec anecdotes salaces. Suétone s'en chargea admirablement et sa biographie de Caligula fut exemplaire à cet égard ! À peine monté sur le trône, Caligula s'empressa de récompenser Hérode Agrippa , ce prince iduméen qui avait, d'une certaine façon, prophétisé son avènement. And Embargo Agreement? Il le tira du cachot où Tibère l'avait fait jeter, puis lui octroya une flopée de provinces situées au Nord-Est du Jourdain (tétrarchies de Philippe et de Lysanias, c'est-à-dire Gaulanitide, Batanée, Trachonitide et Auranitide). Essay? Plus tard (39 ap.

J.-C.), Hérode Agrippa recevra aussi de son ami l'empereur Caius la tétrarchie de Galilée, confisquée à son beau-frère Hérode Antipas. Conventionality? Et ce n'est pas tout, après la mort de Caligula (41 ap. On Hornbill? J.-C.), l'empereur Claude lui octroya le titre royal et agrandit encore ses domaines en y adjoignant la province romaine de Judée, ce qui revenait presque à reconstituer à son profit le vaste royaume juif d'Hérode le Grand. Mais n'anticipons pas ! Lors de sa sortie de prison, Hérode Agrippa, avec sa réputation douteuse de courtisan ambitieux, n'était pas encore doté d'un prestige susceptible d'émouvoir les foules ! C'est pourquoi, quand le prince juif fit une courte escale à Alexandrie d'Égypte en rejoignant ses nouveaux domaines, les Grecs de la ville, antisémites de longue date, le brocardèrent impitoyablement. Creative Writing? C'est vraiment trop drôle ! s'exclamaient-ils.

Quel beau roi en vérité que cet homme coupé qu'un incompréhensible caprice du Prince a fait passer, en un seul jour, des chaînes de fer (du cachot) à la chaîne d'or (de la royauté) . Pour les Juifs alexandrins, ces plaisanteries racistes furent comme la goutte de vinaigre qui fait déborder un calice d'amertume. Essay On Hornbill? Ils représentaient un bon quart de la population de la ville, ils y étaient installés depuis de nombreuses générations, et pourtant, ils ne bénéficiaient toujours pas des mêmes droits municipaux que les Grecs. Conventionality? Ajoutez à cela que le Préfet romain Flaccus était un homme autoritaire et borné, aussi rétif aux arguments théologiques des rabbins qu'aux injonctions impériales de respecter la différence religieuse du peuple juif. Essay? Le bougre s'était même fendu d'un discours antisémite pour contester à ses administrés hébraïques leur droit légitime au repos du shabbat : Si une invasion soudaine de l'ennemi, un débordement du Nil, un incendie, la foudre, la faim, la peste, un tremblement de terre ou tout autre malheur se produisait le samedi, resteriez-vous encore tranquillement chez vous ? Ou selon votre habitude vous promèneriez-vous dans les rues les mains cachées dans vos habits pour ne pas être tentés d'aider ceux qui feront le sauvetage ? Ou resteriez-vous dans vos synagogues en réunion solennelle à lire vos livres sacrés, à expliquer les passages obscurs et faire des sermons prolixes sur votre philosophie ? Non, mais sans perdre un moment vous chercheriez à mettre à l'abri vos parents, vos enfants, la fortune et ce qui vous est cher. Essay? Or, voilà, moi, je suis tout cela à la fois : tempête, guerre, inondation, foudre, famine, tremblement et fatalité, et cela non en abstrait mais en force présente et agissante (Philon d'Alexandrie, cité par Léon Poliakov, Histoire de l'Antisémitisme , vol I). D'injures en invectives, le ton monta entre les deux populations rivales d'Alexandrie. Essay On Hornbill? Bientôt ce fut l'émeute, le pogrom puis une guerre civile interethnique. L'éviction du préfet Flaccus (en 38) calma un peu les esprits. Ideas? Les Juifs profitèrent de ce court répit pour envoyer à Rome une délégation conduite par Philon, un docteur de la Loi réputé, afin de dénoncer à l'empereur les exactions des Grecs.

Ceux-ci ne demeurèrent pas en reste. On Hornbill? Ils expédièrent eux aussi une ambassade à Caligula pour se justifier. Conventionality Thesis? Il est vrai qu'ils s'étaient mis dans de sales draps : en insultant Hérode Agrippa, ami de l'empereur, n'insultaient-ils pas l'empereur lui-même ? Caligula reçut les deux délégations rivales, mais fut assassiné avant d'avoir pris position sur le problème. Essay? Il reviendra à son successeur Claude de trancher, ce qu'il fera plutôt en faveur de la communauté juive d'Alexandrie (voir ici). Thesis? On peut cependant penser que l'arbitrage de Caligula eut été sensiblement différent.

En effet, à la fin de son court règne, le jeune empereur avait eu certaines raisons de douter de la bonne volonté des Juifs - et son pote Hérode Agrippa - à son égard. Il faut dire aussi qu'il avait poussé le bouchon un peu loin, le César Caius ! Avec le plus grand sérieux du monde, il avait ordonné qu'on plaçât une statue à son effigie dans la Saint des Saints du Temple de Jérusalem ! Dix ans plus tôt, le préfet Ponce Pilate avait déclenché une émeute religieuse sanglante rien qu'en introduisant dans la Viille Sainte les emblèmes des légions ornées d'un petit médaillon représentant l'empereur ! Alors, avec une statue blasphématoire dans le lieu le plus sacré du saint sanctuaire, ce n'est plus quelques extrémistes barbus et frisottés que l'armée devrait mâter mais tout un peuple révolté, comme au bon vieux temps des Macchabées ! Excédé par le niet catégorique du peuple juif, Caligula ordonna à Petronius, le préfet de Syrie, de marcher sur la Judée à la tête de ses légions, de briser toute résistance, fût-ce au prix du massacre de toute la population et d'installer enfin sa statue dans le Temple. On Hornbill? Petronius, homme intelligent, comprit tout l'intérêt de temporisation : il fit semblant de partir en guerre contre les Juifs, puis, arrivé en Galilée avec son armée, feignit d'être sensible aux arguments des Juifs. Essay? Il revint alors à Antioche et écrivit à l'empereur pour lui faire part des objections des Juifs. Essay? Avec les aléas de la navigation entre la Syrie et Rome, c'était toujours quelques semaines - voire quelques mois - de paix gagnées#133; Hérode Agrippa tenta lui aussi de détourner Caligula de son dangereux projet. First Grade Creative Ideas? Comme l'empereur voulait lui faire un cadeau, il répondit (grosso modo) : Tu m'as déjà tant donné, ô César, que je craindrais d'abuser de tes bontés. Essay On Hornbill? Je ne te demande donc aucun bien matériel, mais simplement une faveur qui te vaudrait, à toi, la gloire d'être pieux, et à moi m'attirerait la reconnaissance éternelle de mon peuple. The Best Essays? Je te demande donc rien, d'autre que de ne plus songer à faire ériger ta statue dans le Temple des Juifs ! (Voir Flavius Josèphe, Antiquités Judaïques , XVIII, 296-298)

Ces interventions ne fléchirent nullement la volonté de Caligula ! Sa déification, c'était la pierre angulaire de son règne, la cerise sur le gâteau de son principat ! Hérode Agrippa n'avait donc qu'à se coller ses scrupules religieux où il pensait, et Petronius n'avait qu'à obtempérer sous peine de mort ! Ces ordres - les derniers de Caligula - ne furent jamais exécutés ; entre-temps, l'empereur avait été assassiné.

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10 Online Gold Mines for essay Finding Paid Freelance Writing Jobs. If you’re a freelance writer, the task of finding quality, well-paying gigs can be a daunting one. Where do you even start? How you can guarantee the jobs you’re looking at are legit instead of scams? Let’s get the bad news out of the way first: the Internet is chock full of people who are willing to pay pennies on nixon essay thesis, the dollar for hours of your highly skilled time. (Keep reading for on hornbill some words of warning about richard nixon essay thesis, these people.) The good news is that we’re here to help you weed out the dreck and find the sites that are actually worth your time and effort. ( Click to tweet this list. ) Whether you’re a copywriter, editor, creative writer or anything in between, these sites offer the on hornbill, well-paying, reputable freelance writing jobs you really want. Better yet? While some sites charge a monthly fee to thesis access their job listings, all of the essay on hornbill, resources below are free. Conventionality! So where can you find freelance gigs? Also listing a healthy dose of copywriting jobs (you can search postings by category), this board is, as the name suggests, right up a blogger’s alley. Whether you’re into health and fitness, pets, writing code or whatever else, you’ll find a steady stream of on hornbill employers looking for blog writers versed in ict coursework these and many other subjects. While most of the essay, postings are (you guessed it again!) for those whose focus is journalism, you don’t necessarily have to have Lois Lane dreams to find a gig here.

There are also editing positions, ad copywriting and thesis copyright agreement other jobs thrown into the mix. Some are location-based, some can be done remotely. Check out the freelance section of the site for essay a wide range of jobs from ict coursework answers, industries like TV, PR/marketing, magazine and book publishing and social media #8212; a little something for everyone. One of the top job boards for telecommuting, FlexJobs enables you to essay create a custom job search profile to meet your specific needs. Select your categories (there are several under “Writing”), your preferred work schedule, your experience level and more to hone your search results down to those that best fit what you’re looking for. You can also set alerts so you’re notified when new jobs matching your search criteria are posted.

This weekly e-newsletter provides a nice compendium of ict coursework freelance writing and editing jobs of all shapes and sizes from essay on hornbill, around the answers, Web with competitive pay rates. Save yourself the time of essay on hornbill scouring numerous sites and the best essays let this newsletter bring the decent jobs right to on hornbill your inbox. Created by Darren Rowse of ProBlogger, an authority site on blogging, you know jobs listed here will be from serious employers who have an idea what good writing is really worth. Plus, given ProBlogger’s high profile in the blogosphere, you can often find jobs posted by some big-time blogs here. With exclusive job opportunities as well as posts pulled from sites like Indeed and Craigslist, this board consolidates a variety of gigs for everyone from copyright agreement, newbie to seasoned freelancers. If you don’t want to see jobs from essay, a certain source (Craigslist, for instance, can sometimes be sketchy), you’re free to narrow your displayed results to exclude them. 8. Be a Freelance Blogger Job Board. American Essays Of 2013! Freelance blogger Sophie Lizard’s community forum features this board where writers and clients can share scoops on job opportunities. Each opportunity must pay at least $50 post or 10 cents a word. Essay On Hornbill! 9. Nixon Essay Thesis! The Ultimate List of Better-Paid Blogging Gigs. Lizard has also compiled a free ebook listing 45 blogs that pay $50 or more per on hornbill, post, broken down into sections like Writing Blogs, Food Blogs, etc.

She also includes some good tips on how to approach these blogs, how to promote yourself once you’ve landed a post, and conventionality thesis more. If you’ve already got a LinkedIn profile (and you really should), don’t let it just sit there. Networking goes a long way in the freelance world, and LinkedIn is a great resource to do some networking through common connections. While you’re doing that networking, check out the Jobs section and sign up for email alerts when jobs are posted that match your interests. Many will be location-based, but who’s to essay say you can’t approach these employers with a proposal for freelance writing services? Maybe they need someone to fill the gap in the hiring interim, or maybe the job could just as easily be done remotely but they hadn’t considered that. Answers! Pro tip: You know that “people who’ve recently viewed your profile” notification you see when you sign into LinkedIn? If you don’t recognize some of the names, why not reach out to them and say “I see you’ve looked at on hornbill my profile.

I’d love to explore if there are any ways we can help each other.” Can’t hurt to try, right? Especially if you’re just starting out, it’s tempting to be lured into content mills like Demand Studios or free-for-alls like Guru , oDesk and Elance , where it looks like you might stand a better chance to land something even if you don’t have the thesis dissertation copyright, biggest portfolio yet. While it may seem like these sites are your best best when you’re a newcomer, they’re largely a crapshoot when it comes to winning a project. These sites are a rush for the lowest bid, and you’re competing against essay, hundreds if not thousands of other desperate freelancers prepared to first grade ideas sell their firstborn for the chance to essay on hornbill write someone’s 250-page ebook. (Some writers have been able to thesis make a decent buck on sites like Upwork , but they are often the essay, exception rather than the rule and have usually invested huge amounts of time to in international make it happen.) Even if you’re brand-spanking new to the game , no one deserves a gig that pays one cent per word. And chances are if someone is looking for the sort of writer willing to write a word a cent, they’re not going to be the best client to work for.

Don’t sell yourself short just because you’re new. Have a little patience, keep persevering, and you will find those clients who truly value you. Looking to get even more serious about essay on hornbill, your freelance writing. The Write Life published two e-books to help you find more paid writing gigs. Check out our shop to buy 71 Ways to Make Money as a Freelance Writer and Get Better Clients and Earn More Money. This post originally ran in answers September 2013. We updated it in February 2017. Kelly Gurnett is essay on hornbill a freelance blogger, writer and editor; you can follow her on Twitter @CordeliaCallsIt. Looking for freelance writing jobs? Check out The Write Life#8217;s Job Board. Dissertation Copyright And Embargo! Good luck!

Kelly Gurnett runs the blog Cordelia Calls It Quits and essay on hornbill is growing her own freelance writing, editing and law war blogging empire day by day. You can follow her on Twitter and Facebook and hire her services here. Learn how to find freelance writing jobs that pay and earn the kind of on hornbill money you deserve. The Best American! Move from irregular client work and crappy pay to being a freelance leader in your field. Paul Jarvis, who#8217;s been freelancing for 16+ years, shares his advice on pricing, positioning and more. Essay! Great list Kelly! For those who are a bit more familiar with AP and creative writing Chicago Style for writing for on hornbill magazine styled publications, allfreelancewriting.com also has a great (and free!) writers market listing. The Best Of 2013! I think writers, especially new ones, need to value their skills and pitch to on hornbill clients who are willing to pay decent rates, instead of trying to get work from the penny pinching cheap clients!

Great suggestion, Daryl. Thanks! You are SO write about thesis, valuing your work. I#8217;m actually writing a post on that to appear here soon, so keep your eyes pealed. Undervaluing our work (especially when we#8217;re just starting out) is a huge problem for freelance writers. Hi Kelly! i#8217;m one of the many confident in essay on hornbill my writing skills and copyright and embargo agreement I#8217;m passionate about essay on hornbill, it.

I am now hoping to start my first freelance writing job at uvocorp (my essay sample is law war still under evaluation). May I hear a word or two from on hornbill, you as your usual advice to in international law war beginners like me? About applying to UVOCORP, I must say, stay away from that company. Essay On Hornbill! I#8217;ve been working as a Freelance writer ever since online outsourcing came to being. I encountered that company once when I am looking for other academic writing companies. But the experience is just horrible. They will have you started on a couple of ict coursework answers assignments, and approve them right on the spot, but don#8217;t get too excited. Once they see that you already has a few dollars on your earnings, the support sharks will flood you with multiple revisions with corresponding monetary penalties.

The first and second revisions are ok, but after running your work on plagiarism checker hundreds of times and proof-reading for grammar mistakes thousands of on hornbill time. They will still ask you to essay revise something and essay dissolve your earnings through penalties one after another. explaining things will not do you justice either, they wouldn#8217;t even care what you say, they will just send your work for revision and richard nixon thesis ask for ridiculous changes that were not part of the essay, original instructions. They will not stop until you say you give up, in the end you lost all your earnings from unreasonable revisions and even end up owing them money for ict coursework answers negative balance on your earnings. its just horrible.. so stay away from that company, its an institutionalized hoodlum. HAHA. Essay On Hornbill! That is the best of 2013 sad. I feel sorry for essay you. At least you have a sense of humor. So, are you an grade writing academic writer? I have been looking for chemistry or biochem based writing work and have had trouble finding appropriate places to look. Do you have any suggestions? Thanks!

Heidi, you could find chemistry specialist writers at Writerslabs. Hey Heidi, You can try Text-Writers for your academic writing needs. I worked as a freelance academic writer for about 5 years and Uvocorp was one of the essay on hornbill, 7-8 sites I worked with. I totally agree with Norbert. Everything looked fine for about 8-10 assignments before I started receiving revision requests. I had them review their comments and ict coursework remove fines for the first two revision requests. However, I just gave up when I got the next seemingly senseless plagiarism remark. I was not sure if it was unintentional from their part, but I felt annoyed and on hornbill disappointed by then. Oh!

That sounds horrible and there are so many #8220;promising#8221; sites that should be trashed. I started out writing for a website, not quite as bad as that one, but making just a few dollars for dissertation and embargo rather long articles and no byline. The amount of time I spent researching and writing meant that I#8217;d make a dollar or two an hour. Ha! I was young and desperate though would never do it again ! I#8217;m the managing editor for on hornbill ArchiExpo e-Magazine now and spend part of my time researching freelance journalists. The website needs to be catchy and informative, with writing samples easy to access. I always advise my friends, who wish to get into richard essay, freelance writing, to create a great website and put forward their experience. I#8217;ve come across a myriad of flim-flam, so called #8216;freelance writing job sites#8217;#8230;and I appreciate the on hornbill, info on thesis dissertation copyright and embargo agreement, uvocorp. So where are the legit sites? Are there any?

I began as a freelancer just this summer and found a lot of low-pay cruddy stuff. Essay On Hornbill! I wrote a blog on answers, my experiences and it offers tips, tools and help. My fist post may be helpful to you as a beginner: http://www.amandapelletier.com/paid-freelance-writing-jobs-online/ BEST of essay on hornbill LUCK! Don#8217;t give up! I#8217;m looking for a article writing job. Just couldn#8217;t get hold of any. I#8217;m new at this and essay thought it would be a good idea to investigate and on hornbill maybe find jobs,. I am a writer and have a manuscript I am trying to thesis get published.

My manuscript has been accepted by two companies, but It cost a lot of money to on hornbill do that, so I thought I would try to make money this way. Should I go further with this, and if so, can you help me along and teach me the richard nixon, ropes? Do you mean you are so RIGHT? I certainly wouldn#8217;t pay more than a cent per paragraph for that level of skill. I am glad this topic is ongoing and essay on hornbill agree with Catherine#8217;s assessment. Outsourcing and exporting work over-seas occurred in my former profession by the Medical Transcription Services, and essay in international law war it seems a fact of life in on hornbill my 2-month stint as a content article writer. Grade Creative Writing Ideas! I work for a #8220;content mill#8221; at the moment which is entry level to me but work is often sporadic and essay glad to have a patient working spouse at the moment! The content mill has an author forum which is conventionality helpful for learning the essay on hornbill, ropes and venting! I did apply to The Writers Hub, and was surprised when they asked what my per page rate would be?

I stated similarly to conventionality thesis what I charged when doing transcription, but gave a 10% discount in comparison. I am hoping to network locally with a non-proffit in the coming weeks and eventually find a content article opportunity that pays decently, desires my talents, and provides a reasonable degree of essay on hornbill work or referrals. Perhaps that is what the ict coursework, majority of us want here. I am very grateful for essay this site, thread, and posts! Are commenters here that dense that they can#8217;t tell a pun from an error?

She is responding to a post about writing, she is mentioning that she#8217;s will soon be #8220;writing#8221; a post, and ends by essay law war, showing some concern for essay on hornbill #8220;writers.#8221; Her saying, #8220;you are so write#8221; and then going on ict coursework, to mention writing multiple times is clearly a pun. How so many missed that only to find a chance to criticize is troubling. I thought it was just auto-correct showing its butt again. Even the best of us can be made to look silly if our words are spelled wrong, especially if we#8217;re using a mobile device. It should be that simple#8230;and 30-40+ years ago it was. Essay On Hornbill! We#8217;d see #8220;right#8221; spelled as #8220;write#8221; and #8220;peeled#8221; spelled as #8220;pealed#8221; and agreement know instantly what was intended. Unfortunately, it#8217;s been my experience that errors in every type of writing#8230;ads, serious magazine and book writing, the news that crawls across the TV screen, etc#8230;.are so common that it#8217;s as though everyone thinks they#8217;re being paid to make errors. Why is this so? An inadequate and/or failing K-12 public education system since about 1966 results in seriously adverse consequences.

We can#8217;t poorly or inadequate educate millions of essay children without ending up with millions of HS graduates with gaps in their knowledge and ict coursework answers cognitive development. One of those consequences is an inability to write well and correctly, along with either a failure to care or the inaccurate belief in their own ability thanks to essay reforms after 1966 that had teachers giving students awards and praise just for breathing and failing to correct their work for fear of hurting the student#8217;s self-esteem. Richard! What baffles me is how adult educators failed to understand that self-esteem is a product of self-respect, which can only come from a #8220;doing#8221; #8212; doing things well, doing things right, doing what one respects. I have, as of essay yesterday, begun exploring the opportunity of the best essays of 2013 writing for on hornbill income. The Best American Essays Of 2013! However, as writers go, I#8217;m extremely confident in my abilities and I believe that as a writer I still not only essay write on an intellectual level on par with the best, I also FEEL my writing. Therefore, with no qualifications save my own, self-perceived ones, I say this: do not lose the spirit of writing looking too intensely at the writing itself. Yeah, only true writers got that pun! I#8217;m not so sure about that being an attempt at humor, especially when the phrase; #8220;keep your eyes pealed#8221; has been incorrectly spelt..

Shouldn#8217;t that be peeled? Hmmm? In response to Roy: Maybe it#8217;s peeled, but what if he or she is nixon essay actually writing to on hornbill someone with very noisy eyes? I thought it was a fun twist#8230; I don#8217;t understand why people feel the need to attack#8230; I actually want to reply to David Russell but can#8217;t seem to. David, you should write to the editor of MedicalExpo e-Magazine and propose your journalism services. Law War! Take a look at the magazine first (emag.medicalexpo.com) to see what they#8217;ve recently published, get an idea for on hornbill the kind of info, and pitch a potential story. I know the editor and they pay well.

I#8217;m also the managing editor of ArchiExpo e-Magazine, as mentioned in essay in international another comment, and if you#8217;re interested in trying your hand in architecture and design-focused writing, get in on hornbill touch! My girl came across this site, after I told her about losing a comment posting gig. Dissertation! I appreciate the time you took putting this together. I#8217;ve been a part of the oDesk site for essay on hornbill about 2 and a half years now, and I know all too well the struggle it is to get good paying work. oDesk is ict coursework cool, but the foolishness that involves taking tests just so that you seem a little more proficient than the next person has always bugged me. I#8217;ve been using oDesk as a starting point, and then convince my clients to move away so that we work together privately. My international clients hate all the essay, extra fees. I#8217;m really looking forward to trying the sites you mentioned, and once again Thanks for your time. You might want to consider keeping your eyes peeled for spelling errors if you want writing jobs#8230; Edna, you might want to consider the correct use of an ellipsis before criticising others. First Ideas! Wrong. Revisit the definition.

Yes, spelt is just wrong on so many levels. Actually, #8220;spelt#8221; is perfectly acceptable in England. #8220;Spelt#8221; isn#8217;t that a grain? On the western side of the pond, we would look at some cross-eyed if they used that term seriously. Spelt is essay on hornbill definitely the way it is spelled and pronounced in Britain. My daughter reads and watches many British books, shows, and movies, and she spells and pronounces it that way because she has become so accustomed to it. She had one English teacher criticize her until she showed said teacher that it is the British way to spell it. She also says (and spells) #8220;learnt#8221; instead of #8220;learned.#8221; Being an Anglophile myself, I have no problem with it.

It is not incorrect. Americans changed English. If anything, we#8217;re the ones who mispronounce words! It#8217;s funny because I find myself editing books that I am reading, ALL of the time. I wonder how these people got their jobs as editors, when I, the measly reader, can pick them out so quickly, without even trying and thesis it drives me CRAZY to feel like I have to essay proofread books that I am paying over $20 a book for! I have so many stories and poetry and even a couple of novels that I have written or started writing and I always joke that when I die, someone will find my writing and copyright and embargo only then, will I get famous for my writing. Essay! I, as the writer, would never turn something in, to have it read by anyone, without proofreading it myself either.

I also want to remind everyone that often times, when we are just writing a comment, we may often accidentally hit the wrong key and submit our comments, without proofreading what we have written#8230; it doesn#8217;t necessarily make anyone unintelligent#8230; thank you for essays a lot of good info on here. On Hornbill! where can i get such paying jobs for writing books reviews and editing them? One of the posts reads: #8220;You are SO write about valuing your work. I’m actually writing a post on the best, that to appear here soon, so keep your eyes pealed. Undervaluing our work (especially when we’re just starting out) is a huge problem for freelance writers.#8221; Hopefully the essay, author has already been advised of the, shall we say #8220;typos,#8221; and not #8220;senior moments#8221;? I am referring to #8220;write#8221; and #8220;pealed.#8221; Maybe Rule Number One for a writer would be to proofread first? I actually DID write a PULSE piece on conventionality thesis, LinkedIn, about how I dropped the idea of Outsource ( http://www.linkedin.com/pulse/article/outsource-how-much-fun-working-cheap-dark-glenn/edit ) with exactly that idea. The race to the bottom with pay to plays and such, simply isn#8217;t worth doing. Essay On Hornbill! It might be that *somebody* is making $$ on those sites, but example of person wanting *150 original* descriptions for some sort of fragrant oils on a budget of less than $500 is more often where those places go. If someone is speaking or writing accurately about a subject, they are #8220;right.#8221; The information on your site is helpful. Any sites you can recommend off the top of your head for someone starting out american of 2013 as a freelance academic essay writer? Should pay well too.

Thanks in advance and on hornbill keep up. First Grade Writing! Question: What are fair prices for our work? Question: Has it been difficult to support yourself as a freelance writer? Thank you for the infomation. Its great to find a place that is really out to help not hurt. Hi Donna and others, The online writing lab at Purdue University has resources on the Chicago Manual of Style and the APA manual, as well as many articles related to English grammar usage that are user-friendly!

Just type owl purdue university in your fave search engine and it should appear as a result. -I just got approved to start writing content for on hornbill Text Broker but understand the competition for getting jobs is stiff. Thesis Dissertation! I got a fairly good rating but not tops. Glad to on hornbill have joined this particular thread and conventionality sooo thankful for the supportive content on on hornbill, here. The Best Essays! I am hoping to network locally with a non-proffit in the coming weeks and eventually find a content article opportunity that pays decently, desires my talents, and provides a reasonable degree of on hornbill work or referrals. Perhaps that is what the majority of richard nixon essay thesis us want here.

I am very grateful for this site, thread, and essay on hornbill posts! I#8217;m looking for someone who is going to pay me to publish a 1,000 word new prospective book. And hopefully a movie. And Embargo Agreement! It is called Zombie Revelations and has the old with a real touch of reality. Essay On Hornbill! 1000 words is a short story. Ict Coursework Answers! There are competitions you could enter it in, and you might find an essay anthology that#8217;s looking for stories. Try http://www.ralan.com.

Where can I find job writing for copyright and embargo agreement 200 words only? Thanks for the insight! Great collection of resources, Kelly! Thanks, Susan. I hope they help you! #128578; Did you ever use any of these sites? Success rate? Love this post #8212; So many great ideas here! Thanks, Lexi. Essay! I hope it can save some writers from going through the ict coursework answers, penny-a-word phase too many of us went through at one point!

P.S. LOVE the on hornbill, image you guys chose for american this post. Too freakin#8217; cute. Kelly, I 100% agree with you about staying away from content mills. I would add staying away from Yahoo! voices too for the low pay along with some of the shady posts on Craigslist (although I do sometimes find gigs worth going for). I#8217;ve also had some luck with Ebyline, and a string of luck lately approaching businesses directly about blogging for essay them resulting in multiple and ongoing work for at least $50 per post.

I#8217;ve never heard about answers, Ebyline but will have to check them out. You#8217;re right; the majority of what you#8217;ll find on Craigslist is on hornbill dreck, so those job posts should always be evaluated cautiously. Good for you for approaching businesses directly! That#8217;s a great approach but one many freelancers are afraid to thesis copyright and embargo take. I#8217;m glad it#8217;s been working so well for you! What is your approach in going to businesses directly? For example#8230;? I use totaljobs and arivatoday.com to find writing gigs from companies and on hornbill popular websites. Thanks so much Kelly for the best american essays of 2013 taking the time to research and put together this list. It will get some good use here! It#8217; so discouraging to #8216;beat the pavement#8217; only to find gigs offering $10 for a 500 word article.

Sheesh! People don#8217;t get that we writers like to eat too! :o) I so hear you. Never accept those $10/500 word articles, no matter how hungry you are. OK, if you#8217;re really, REALLY hungry and need to make ends meet that month, and on hornbill that#8217;s all you#8217;ve got currently, I#8217;ll allow it. But otherwise? Your skills and time are worth far more, and there ARE clients out there who will recognize and essay in international honor that. Hold out for the good ones. Essay On Hornbill! (See: my upcoming article on how we writers need to learn to value (and insist on the value of) our own talents higher than we often do.) #128578; I am so glad to thesis run across fellow writers who value what they do and on hornbill will stand up and say so. Far too often we get treated like the grade writing ideas, #8220;red headed step children#8221; of the creative industries and many of us allow it. I tried ODesk and was not only appalled by the pay rates, but by the attitude of essay on hornbill many clients. One of them even said outright that we should be grateful to in international make five dollars an article (for well researched, 1,000 word pieces) and how their last writer was far too #8220;uppity#8221; for his tastes.

Well now, I posted a response that I cannot quote in polite company. On Hornbill! LOL. So, thank you, your voice is much appreciated. oDesk has put me under supervision based on negative feedback from clients even though my rating is 4.77. One client said that he already had 700 words. When I looked at what he wrote, it was on a sixth-grade level. No research, statistics, compelling copy, SEO keywords, etc. So I had to start from scratch. I ended up acting like a tutor. Another client loved my work but kept disappearing.

I asked for her website address, information about her company, etc. She let another week go by then disappeared again. I could go on and on. I think that clients who use the content mills do believe that they can get stellar writing for peanuts. I believe these incidents are blessings in disguise. I#8217;ve had my wake-up call.

I follow top-notch bloggers and copywriters and hone my skills continually. It is ict coursework answers up to on hornbill the freelancer to determine his standards and thesis ultimately his worth. Essay! Hello Denita and others, I am thankful for this site, thread and continued posts including yours. At present I am an IC with Textbroker International, and try to look at most the jobs as blessings in disguise. Dissertation Copyright And Embargo! Generally, I am a better conversationalist since starting this in late September, agree with you about developing writing skills, and have kind of found my subject niche as it were. The big picture tells me I have it pretty good, given local opportunities and employment services for on hornbill those of us who have a handicapability are inadequate in my place of grade creative ideas residence. In a former profession I was under #8220;supervision#8221; before leaving and it was somewhat demeaning more than helpful.

I hope your experience is dynamically different, but you sound quite capable and willing to improve where need be which says a lot favorably concerning what you bring to the proverbial table. Essay On Hornbill! All the best to you Denita, enjoyed the essay law war, chance to talk shop! #8216;Never accept those $10/500 word articles, no matter how hungry you are#8217; hahahahaha. Avoid sites like Researchwritingcenter.com, they pay 6 $ for essay 550 words paper and penalize you until you remain with 4 $ and gradually close your account. Dusman am a victim of thesis dissertation and embargo reserachwritingcenter#8217;s indecency. This company is a fraud, they penalize your papers beyond 100%. #8221; PLEASE PROOF READ YOUR WORK#8221; They keep saying and they are the lowest payers on the planet. Essay! I love this list it is ict coursework answers helpful in not hitting dead ends when looking for work. Hi Kelly (and others), This is essay on hornbill my second day becoming nose deep in freelance writing, and richard nixon thesis I don#8217;t feel like I#8217;ve reached the point of essay knowing everything before submerging within.

Can you please lead me to the right direction? Where do I begin? What do I need to start with? I have read the article, but it doesnt give me the ict coursework answers, nitty-gritty of, Brooke do this. What kind of articles should I be interested in? Copyright, Blogger, etc. Essay On Hornbill! *Goal* Would be traveling and writing about the best american essays of 2013, new and exhilerating places. (I know it sounds much more glorious then it is, but that#8217;s why it is a goal, right?) I think the better question is, what kind of essay on hornbill writing do YOU want to essay thesis do? What topics interest you? What style are you most comfortable writing in? Freelance writing is essay a huge industry, and you could be everything from a lifestyle blogger to ideas a marketing copy writer.

You need to essay on hornbill determine what niche fits your skills and interests best; that will make it much easier for you to of 2013 locate specific, nitty-gritty advice. I am based out of India. I would like to write short stories. Could anyone guide me as how I should go about it. Please recommend sites where I should register myself. I have registered myself in Freelancer. Your post is essay on hornbill a few weeks old , but if you#8217;re still looking for nitty-gritty, where do I start#8230; a friend, Rebecca Flansburg and I have put together some resources that deal with those basics. You can find them here: Might be something helpful for you. Link goes to an unused site.

This article was quite helpful and the comments were too. I am. just about to finish my English MA and I am broke as joke, living. at my parents, and finding writing work online is my priority for. the time being. This shall be quite the adventure I am beginning. to see so I#8217;m trying to find a nice community online to help me. on my way. Best of luck to the best american essays everyone trying to essay survive out there! You can do it! You#8217;ve found a great resource here, so make yourself at home on thesis dissertation agreement, the site! This is my second day becoming nose deep in freelance writing, and I don’t feel like I’ve reached the point of essay knowing everything before submerging within#8230; Thank you for the best american essays this post. I just recently got into freelance writing and I feel so stupid already.

I found a blog that suggested odesk so I signed up with them and since I didn#8217;t have a portfolio yet I applied for a job paying $20 for essay 10 articles due in one week. I#8217;m halfway done but after reading this I don#8217;t even want to complete the rest. I feel so cheated. I thought it would be a good way to dissertation and embargo agreement get some experience under my belt but I have put so much time and energy in the articles I have done so far and it doesn#8217;t even seem worth it. On Hornbill! Should I even complete the conventionality, job? Ugh.

I#8217;m so sorry to hear that. You#8217;re not the only freelancer to have gotten lured into one of those sites. My rule of thumb, even as a newbie, was never to accept less than $10 for every 100 words, unless it was a fantastic gig that would get me good exposure. Even if you don#8217;t have a portfolio, you should only essay take on essay, projects you#8217;ll be proud to show to other people when they ask what you#8217;ve done. It sounds like you are creating good work right now, but unfortunately, it#8217;s for a client who totally doesn#8217;t deserve it. It#8217;s a judgment call on whether to complete the project or not.

There#8217;s something to be said for keeping your word, but at the same time? This is on hornbill clearly a client who doesn#8217;t value a writer#8217;s worth, so in essay thesis my book, you don#8217;t owe him much. He#8217;s paying for work that#8217;s worth $2 an article. In my book, $2 buys you a paragraph, maybe. Personally, I#8217;d cut and run. If he winds up writing a bad review of you on odesk, it#8217;s not a huge loss #8212; you#8217;re better off getting the heck out of odesk anyway. Love your words of encouragement to stay true to writing and get properly paid for your talent. On Hornbill! I love writing and have been caught up in first creative writing content mills since I decided to write online about a month ago. Essay On Hornbill! I must admit the thesis, pennies I have received for my time, talent and dedication has been great to encourage me to seek something better.

Are there any books or articles you recommend for beginners looking to earn a living writing online? Glad to hear you#8217;re getting out! Content mills are the worst trap #8212; there#8217;s no chance of advancement, no value of what you#8217;re really worth, and the #8220;portfolio#8221; you wind up building through cheap jobs isn#8217;t usually the essay on hornbill, kind of portfolio that will help your career. The Write Life has actually put together a great list of resources to check out. You can find it here: http://thewritelife.com/resources/ Hey, kelly.

This article was an actual eye opener.I#8217;m from India and being a novice writer, I didn#8217;t have any expectations which made me vulnerable to such clients. First Creative! I#8217;ve worked for clients who have been paying rather poorly but require an #8216;outstanding#8217; quality of work from us. I#8217;m amused and at on hornbill the same time rather disappointed when I realize that I had been working for nixon essay 0.16 cents per word !! Once again a big thank you for on hornbill now I know what to expect and whom to deny. Take Care. You#8217;re very welcome. Richard! You#8217;re not the first to be lured into low-paying jobs.

I#8217;m glad we#8217;ve helped you realize you deserve much, much more! Thank you for the tips. I am handicapped and a fairly new mom at 41 to our 9 month old first and essay only son. I have been wanting to start a blog so I can have more time for my son since I have heard that with patience you could earn okay from blogging but, I for now, I can#8217;t let go of my day job that pays $4.50 an hour because it still pays the bills. However, after the first grade writing ideas, recent typhoon Yolanda/Haiyan hit the Philippines, I know I have to pursue blogging or find a better paying writing job that doesn#8217;t require me to sit in front of the computer for 8-9 hours a day anymore.

Can anyone give me additional tips on the best way I could start a blog aside from wordpress or blogger please? Thank you. First of all, congrats on your new baby! Second of all, my thoughts are with you and all your friends and loved ones #8212; are you located in the Philippines yourself? I hope you#8217;re all safe and essay well. Third, The Write Life has put together a great list of resources you can check out. You can find it here: http://thewritelife.com/resources/. The very first section is on blogging, but there#8217;s also lots of other material to help you with all sorts of thesis writing careers. If there#8217;s ever anything else I or The Write Life can help you with, don#8217;t hesitate to essay reach out! First off, congrats on your 1st son! Sounds like you come central Visayas too ( like me, am from Bohol) Phils.

If you are , here#8217;s hoping for richard nixon essay thesis a better writing year for both of us. Essay! Yolanda (Haiyan) and conventionality thesis the quake that hit our country and the economic woes they brought are really challenges we need to hurdle. Haven#8217;t much advice to give you on on hornbill, blogging except join as many writers#8217; forums at dissertation copyright and embargo agreement LInked In, if you haven#8217;t done yet. You see, I am more comfortable in writing articles than blogs. I have heard (from joining a lot of on hornbill LI writing forums) of copyright and embargo agreement a lot of successful/well-paid bloggers there who might be able to help you to name a few Francesca Nicasio, a US-based Filipina blogger, Carol Tice (US), Bamidele Omnibalusi (Africa), and more. Also, writing websites that work like a vendo machines (like Xoobiz, in 2011, but now seems closed) where writers can draw writing jobs from a queue will also help, as we need not waste time in essay pitching for jobs. (please see my post somewhere in this forum re this you like me want writing jobs you can do anytime on your free time) If you bump into business article writing gigs and Xoobiz-type sites, I#8217;d appreciate it too if you could let me know. Conventionality Thesis! @Karen de Guzman, sorry I missed saying that my comment was in reply to your post. Thank you for the great tips. I also get money writing for Bubblews and I. I also write for sendmeglobal where they only give award to essay a writer each month. Nixon! I was able to essay on hornbill win it once.

You have opened my eyes to other relevant targets. Thanks. I#8217;ve recently started blogging just for the love of it and nixon essay am curious about paid gigs. On Hornbill! There is soooo much info out there and this article has saved me from contentmills, not to essay law war mention wasted hours-thanks very, very much!! That was a good read! I guess you your words of wisdom are meant for US-based writers, knowing how much it costs to live there, this makes sense #8230; well, kinda. If you were writing for a while before delving into the freelance world, i.e., well-versed in specific type of writing, then it would be a shame to get peanuts for your expertise. However, taking those low-paying gigs is what you really need if you got no clue what your niche is, and want to get experience.

I started working on oDesk a little over a month ago, it#8217;s an amazing website. Although It#8217;s infested with low-paying gigs, I managed to essay on hornbill land a couple of good jobs on ict coursework answers, there. Since I write for my own amusement and because Jennifer (Oh dear Jennifer who gave me my first writing gig!) told me I write well, I continue to #8220;work#8221; on oDesk. It#8217;s funny that I consistently manage to essay get $5-$10 per 500 words, not so bad compared to the pittance most jobs pay. I#8217;ll have to disagree with you on staying away from #8220;outsourcing platforms#8221;, because unless you#8217;re a seasoned writer, you shouldn#8217;t be starting anywhere else.

At least for the sake of getting good at your craft before pitching to conventionality high-paying clients. Essay On Hornbill! Speaking of High-paying clients, I stumbled upon your post as I was looking for thesis dissertation copyright and embargo them, but all I could find is advice, and on hornbill advice only. Next thing will be a blogger telling me to be #8220;one with nature#8221; and those high-paying clients will come to me on their own. Great point that you have to start somewhere, Talal #8212; you#8217;re right that new freelance writers have to thesis and embargo gain that somewhere, and that there can be good jobs hiding among the less-than-stellar ones. It just takes time to sort through and separate the essay, wheat from the chaff! I vehemently disagree with you here.

Content mills horribly abuse writers and make it difficult for ict coursework people who have spent years in this field to get a fair wage due to the expectation that companies can pay less to essay get more. Also, writers who start out here often get stuck in a rut and can#8217;t evolve past the oDesk stage. All around bad news and richard not recommended for anyone who wants an actual career in essay writing. Thanks for sharing your thoughts, Alicia. To each their own opinion #8212; some people, like Talal said, enjoy using sites like oDesk because it works for their needs and goals. Some don#8217;t enjoy these sites, or move on ict coursework, after building up a portfolio or a client roster. Essay! It#8217;s a choice each writer makes for her own career. TWL Assistant Editor. you can make money writing articles at http://www.iwriter.com they have an amazing platform for beginners to ict coursework answers rise up the writing ranks. The pay is sustainable and on hornbill you are able to richard nixon thesis begin your career well.

Hello and thank you for proving such an interesting article! Even though I#8217;m not an English native speaker, I have managed to get some American and English clients so far, and essay on hornbill they have been satisfied with my works. Being a young, I started on Elance some weeks ago while at the same time trying oDesk. All of my clients come from the former, as for the latter I didn#8217;t bother to go back. What is your advice for me? I think Elance is good for creative ideas building some portfolio and acquiring experience, but naturally I want to move on to something bigger and better. So where to start, or better to say what#8217;s the essay, next step I should follow? Hi Matteo, thanks for your comment! We actually have a post coming up on what to look out for when using outsourcing sites like Elance and oDesk. Conventionality! Keep an essay on hornbill eye out for that in answers the next few weeks!

I love everything you posted on freelancing for a better pay. Great informative post! I#8217;ve got a desk job and essay am seriously thinking of a career change towards this direction. Richard Nixon! i do love writing and am someone who loves working in her own time, her own hours anywhere in the world. It#8217;s a great list and gives people motivation to essay get started. Usually to make a change in life its quite scary but your post is so straight forward and first grade well written that it makes anyone feel ready to take on the world! Thanks for essay on hornbill this post and some of the other ones as well about freelance writing.

Your blog is awesome #128512; Thanks for the kind words, Grace! I hope TWL can help motivate and support you in ict coursework answers your career change. I#8217;m so glad I found this article. Essay On Hornbill! I will be graduating with a Professional Writing degree in May. I#8217;m trying to conventionality thesis see what types of writing jobs are out there, because I#8217;m nervous about the job market. I just signed up to write articles on Hire writers.com, but the pay is so cheap and essay on hornbill I work really hard on the articles. I got paid more writing for my school#8217;s newspaper than I did writing for Hire writers.com. I#8217;m curious as to where you got your Professional Writing degree. I was a technical writer before becoming a s-a-h mom. Creative Writing! It#8217;s a really good gig and pays good.

Now I#8217;m doing freelance writing while my child is in school. It took me a long time to get my tech writing job (b/c I initially was in elementary ed), and I#8217;m thinking it may take a long time to work may way up as a freelance writer. Whatever you do, when first out of on hornbill college, it can take a long time to build up your experience. It can be a long, frustrating climb, but do have patience and richard nixon thesis try not to get frustrated when you keep hearing that you need experience to get the job. Essay! It really, truly is character-building and essay in international most of us (whose dad doesn#8217;t own the essay on hornbill, company!) have to go through it. Best of essay law war luck!

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Capitalism A Love Story Essay Essays and Research Papers. ?Name: Professor Name: Class: Phil 186 Date: November 4, 2014 Essay 2: Capitalism A Love Story In . the documentary film “ Capitalism a love story ” Michael Moore demonstrates the failure of Capitalism as an economic system in America. The movie explores what capitalism is, who benefits and who get hurt by it. Essay? The film clearly shows how capitalism was hijacked by special interests and how it decimated the middle class, making it so much smaller while at the same time enlarging the essay poor underclass. Capitalism , Debt , Documentary film 1813 Words | 7 Pages.

Management 325 Moe Brown Capitalism : A Love Story After watching the Michael Moore film, . “ Capitalism : A Love Story ,” my view of capitalism definitely changed from what the class influenced me to believe. There’s no doubt in my mind that capitalism is and essay on hornbill, has been good for essay our country in terms of becoming the most powerful and the country that everyone wished to on hornbill, live in. But when it comes to dissertation, fairness and the common good, I think capitalism has its flaws. Also I believe capitalism opens the on hornbill door for. Adam Smith , Capitalism , Marxism 984 Words | 3 Pages. Capitalism : A Love Story is a scathing documentary-style film presented by director Michael Moore. Essays Of 2013? The film takes . a hard look at corporate and financial America and the power these systems have over the democratic processes of the American government. In light of the 2008 American financial “meltdown”, Moore does not view capitalism as merely currently problematic, but a blatant evil that emphasizes greed, corruption, and essay on hornbill, immorality. This paper offers a brief review of the film and considers. Capitalism , Financial crisis of essay, 2007–2010 , Free market 1677 Words | 5 Pages.

Analysis: Michael Moore's Documentary Capitalism: A Love Story Katrinka Smith Com101-002 Prof. Spears 6/20/2012 Capitalism A Love Story In the movie . “ Capitalism a Love Story ” by Michael Moore they talked about capitalism in all countries but mainly the essay United States. Michael covered the richard nixon thesis topics of Wall Street, profits for juvenile prisons, under paid workers, home foreclosures, and Goldman Sachs. He showed us in our State that the people with wealth and power are vultures and has all the power when it comes down to the economic. I thought. English-language films , Michael Moore 1058 Words | 3 Pages. Essays in Love is on hornbill, a novel about two young people, who meet on american essays of 2013 an airplane between London and Paris and rapidly fall in essay on hornbill . love . The structure of the story isn’t unusual, but what lends the book its interest is the richard essay thesis extraordinary depth with which the emotions involved in the relationship are analysed.

Love comes under the philosophical microscope. An entire chapter is devoted to the nuances and subtexts of an initial date. Another chapter mulls over the question of how and essay on hornbill, when to say ‘I love you’. There’s. Black-and-white films , Emotion , Family 952 Words | 3 Pages. 1,000 Word Essay on the Love Story.

Sophomore Composition 1,000 Wd. First Creative Writing? Report October 27, 1999 There are many positive things and negative things about the movie and the story . . In the movie you have a chance to essay on hornbill, see what Elizabeth looks like. That alone could be a positive and negative thing. The movie is more glamour than thought. In the movie your mind has more free will so therefore this is the creative writing ideas better of the two. The thought in the movie that, there is unlimited communication between the two, takes away your imagination. Human physical appearance , Mind , Post office 1104 Words | 6 Pages. A Love Story Walking below the sea-blue sky, I have ever seen in my life, the most beautiful sky scene. The sunlight . seemed like it could penetrate my heart, gently touching my tense heart using its warm arms.

The wind seemed intentionally blow over our cheek, waiting something wonderful happened. I knew, deeply with my heart, it was the time to show my heart to on hornbill, her in such beautiful time and atmosphere. It was in that time my heartbeat became faster and faster, which just like that I. 2007 films , 2008 singles , 2009 singles 1733 Words | 4 Pages. Capitalism is an economic system where owners and investors in the business of production, distribution and conventionality, the exchange of wealth is . made and essay, is mainly maintained by private corporations and the best, or individuals. The government is not involved, capitalism is based is solely on the maximization of essay on hornbill, profit. Capitalism affects the poor and low income Americans the most. Other popular economic systems such as Socialism, Fascisim and the system of Laissez-faire can be compared to american essays, capitalism and many. Capitalism , Communism , Economic system 1149 Words | 3 Pages. ? Capitalism : A Love Story America is one of the most powerful countries in on hornbill the world.

This is the thesis dissertation agreement land of . opportunity. This is the essay on hornbill country were you have hope of becoming more than what your parents were. The film Capitalism : A Love Story , reveals some of the things the media wont. The filmmaker Michael Moore, defines capitalism as greed. He shows us how capitalism is just the greed of the rich and the top CEOs. In International? I agree with Moore, I believe that capitalism has to do with taking from the.

66th Venice International Film Festival , Capitalism , English-language films 475 Words | 2 Pages. An Essay on Capitalism While we as a nation have been seriously struggling through the economic crisis since the latest crash . in essay 2007 that brought our economy to the brink of the best of 2013, disaster there has been, to say the least, a bitter, partisan battle between the left and the right, the Republicans and essay, the Democrats, the Tea Party and the recently named 99 percenters. The division is sharp an reasonably precise to the point that you are on one side or the the best of 2013 other unless you can walk a razor blade with bare. Capital accumulation , Capitalism , Distribution of wealth 1281 Words | 3 Pages. Where Do We Go From Here: A Capitalism: A Love Story Review. ?Where Do We Go From Here Capitalism was good for the people of the essay on hornbill United States, at least for a few years.

The Golden Age of . Capitalism , or the economic prosperity following the World War II in thesis 1945, was good as long as it put more than food on the table and allowed many to live the elite life. Essay? America, indeed, paid a good deal for its love of Capitalism . But that was then, and just like any other love affair, the good relationship between America and Capitalism had to reach a conclusion. Unfortunately. 66th Venice International Film Festival , Alvarado Street Bakery , Capitalism: A Love Story 1065 Words | 3 Pages. powers of nixon thesis, her time, Moore uses the essay on hornbill same techniques to thesis dissertation copyright, bring down the powers of our time, be it GM (Roger and Me), the gun lobby (Bowling for Columbine), the . government (Fahrenheit 911), the health care industry (Sicko), or free enterprise ( Capitalism : A Love Story ). In this latest installment in essay his continuing series of essays, what’s wrong with America, Michael Moore takes aim at on hornbill his biggest target to date, and the result is thesis dissertation agreement, a disaster.

The documentary is not nearly as funny as his previous films, the. Bowling for Columbine , Capitalism , Capitalism: A Love Story 1783 Words | 5 Pages. Two Love stories Nicole Morris Tuesdays and Thursdays 9:00 A.M Classes April 27 2010 Essay Four Audience . Analysis My audience for this essay is the young students at Enterprise State Community College, who enjoy a good love story about young love . I hope my essay will tell the key points of the similarities and differences of two major love stories that became movies in the end of the essay on hornbill twentieth century, and open their eyes to what makes a love story . Answers? That is not just the good times, but. 2007 films , 20th century , Difference 1323 Words | 4 Pages. Capitalism : A Love Story examines the impact of corporate dominance on the everyday lives of Americans (and by on hornbill, . Thesis Dissertation? default, the rest of the world). The film moves from Middle America, to the halls of power in on hornbill Washington, to thesis, the global financial epicenter in Manhattan. On Hornbill? With both humor and outrage, the film explores the question: What is the price that America pays for its love of capitalism ? Families pay the price with their jobs, their homes and essay thesis, their savings. Moore goes into the homes of essay, ordinary people.

American middle class , Barack Obama , Franklin D. Roosevelt 640 Words | 2 Pages. My name is thesis dissertation and embargo, Ray . I never became serious about love . Because I believed there is nothing such as this . I always remained a cool dude . I . On Hornbill? bet you people have seen the movies Kickass , Vampire Suck , The Dictator, etc . The fun you people get by ict coursework, seeing those movies I used to get that by seeing romantic films amp; the essay on hornbill love stories . I thought that there is richard nixon essay, no such thing as love AND IF THERE IS IT IS FOR THE GAY’s . But I didn’t know life had a big surprise for me . Some girls in my class. 2002 albums , 2006 singles , Billboard Hot Country Songs number-one singles 2109 Words | 6 Pages. classic and interesting short stories were discussed. Most of the teenagers are always looking forward to essay, read short stories . Ict Coursework Answers? I . think that the two most common stories people choose for on hornbill reading about an old version and a new version stories . Both stories offer a variety of fun and interesting themes. The Best American? Everyone can learn about the true love and purpose of the story by on hornbill, reading the books “Rapunzel “and “Bad girl.” When we started to examine the story “Rapunzel “, is a story about the conventionality thesis most beautiful child. A Story , American films , English-language films 1052 Words | 3 Pages. Capitalism : A Love Story The whole point of this documentary was to reveal capitalism for what . it truly is.

Capitalism is about taking and essay, giving, but mostly taking. It takes advantage of others disadvantages. Essay Thesis? People were made to believe that capitalism was good and holy and essay on hornbill, that it tied into ict coursework answers, the bible, but in reality, it’s the opposite. Michael Moore would call more of on hornbill, financial Cudahy. Every 71/2 seconds a person’s house is ict coursework answers, being foreclosed in America. The banks are evicting people. Credit card , English-language films , Michael Moore 784 Words | 2 Pages. Capitalism : A Love Story In class Ms. Essay On Hornbill? Crosdale sat us down to thesis, watch a documentary by the great Michael Moore . Essay? “ Capitalism : A Love Story .” To be quite honestly at first I wasn’t very interested in it until I started to hear little things like people losing their jobs and companies taking out life insurance on conventionality their employees unknowingly. I took it upon myself to go home and catch the rest of it on Netflix.

After two hours of seeing the evil of essay, capitalism or, as Michael Moore puts it, legal greed. 66th Venice International Film Festival , Capitalism , Capitalism: A Love Story 659 Words | 2 Pages. today is not a capitalist country, for ict coursework we have lived in a mixed economy- a mixture of capitalism and socialism- for essay on hornbill more than a century. We . live based on grade the principle of individual liberty--the unchallengeable right to follow your own dreams and act according to your own judgment. Essay? But in reality- isn’t pursuing profit and your own self-interest wrong? And if that’s the reason, then why do Americans love capitalism ? It’s the great sought- after American dream, and the sole propaganda machine that tells. Capitalism , Economic system , Free market 1013 Words | 3 Pages. Love Is Diverse Love is like a war, it’s easy to start but very hard to finish.

Throughout history there have been so many . different ways to describe it between different cultures because it is such a broad subject. There are so many different types of conventionality thesis, love but I think they all have the same similar meanings. Whether it’s the love within a sports team, the love that someone could have for themselves or the many varieties of love shown by parents that help raise their children I think there are so. Agape , Father , FIFA World Cup 1405 Words | 3 Pages. Ethics Capitalism : A Love Story 1. The opening sequences of essay on hornbill, Capitalism : A Love . Story makes it look like we are living in the Ancient Rome days. The song is playing and ict coursework answers, they are flashing scenes from the Roman days and then out on hornbill, current days.

Moore did a great job editing the movie for example when music about fighting came on it showed the Roman days and then some wrestlers from this area. I’m not real sure if this would be considered effective. Effective maybe to see that things change. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Franklin D. Roosevelt 637 Words | 2 Pages. Research Paper In English “ Love does not starts and end the way we want it , Love is a battle , Love is . a war , Love is part of growing up.” Love does not start the moment we want it to feel. Conventionality Thesis? Love sometimes come in the unexpected time , place , and person. On Hornbill? We cannot force ourselves to love the ict coursework answers person we want. Love is a war because every minute or time there will be problems that both of you must face. In every love story there are people that want to destroy your relationship.

The couples. Friendship , Human sexual behavior , Human sexuality 2013 Words | 6 Pages. essay on A Different Kind of Love. Different Kind of Love Throughout time, men and women have struggled with the idea of love . What is it? How can I tell when I . feel it? Is it the same for everyone?

While there are these questions, amongst many more, people will search and fight for on hornbill a feeling they are uncertain of. Different people can express the great mystery that is love many different ways. In both Ernest Hemingway's Hills Like White Elephants and Raymond Carter's What We Talk About When We Talk About Love , the authors explore. 2007 films , Drama films , English-language films 1852 Words | 5 Pages. ? “ Capitalism : A Love Story ” directed by Michael Moore examines the thesis and embargo agreement social impact corporations have on society. On Hornbill? The . Dissertation Copyright Agreement? film shows the power and essay, political influence that these large corporations have and the best american essays of 2013, how these corporations have taken advantage of the American people for the pursuit of profit. Essay? I will be supporting Michael Moore’s views on capitalism by citing readings from course material.

I will use three readings to support Michael Moore’s views on corporate political dominance, his view on capitalism. 66th Venice International Film Festival , Capitalism: A Love Story , Corporation 1385 Words | 4 Pages. of love in mythology stories is very intense but most of the stories end tragically for the lovers. The . stories are very similar and copyright agreement, the beginnings and ends are a lot alike. The stories usually start off with strong feelings of love filled with lust and sometimes obsession. All building up into essay, a relationship filled with love that eventually ends tragically.

The stories also has occurrences of symbolic flowers and trees that usually blossom after a death. Thesis? There are many different tragic love stories. Aphrodite , Apollo , Artemis 1371 Words | 3 Pages. Capitalism: A love story Movie review. Movie Review: Capitalism : A Love Story “ Capitalism , a system of giving and taking -- . mostly taking,” the highlight of Michael Moore’s documentary, “ Capitalism : A Love Story ”. This quote rings a bell in our mind to reflect this system, Capitalism , that we embrace so tightly to our nation. Moore incorporate humor and juxtaposition in the film to point out the flaws in our system. The film showcase how middle class families are getting remove from their homes due to inability.

Credit card , English-language films , Film 329 Words | 2 Pages. A Tragic Love Story Regina Summers ENG 225 Instructor Moore June 27, 2011 A Tragic Love Story . Outline 1. Introduction 2. Storytelling a. Where the story takes place. b. The plot is in on hornbill chronological order. c. Thesis? Conflict in the story . d. The conflict is both internal and on hornbill, external. 3. Richard? Acting a. Essay? The main actors in the film. 4. Cinematography a. Thesis? Special Effects. 5. Essay On Hornbill? Editing a. Types of transitions used in the film. 6. First Ideas? Sound a. Essay? The different. 2007 films , English-language films , Love 2032 Words | 6 Pages. ? Leadership and Group Theory Midterm Essay Capitalism vs.

Socialism September 21, 2013 . Although Capitalism has a different meaning in various groups, the term is commonly acknowledged as “the private ownership of the and embargo agreement means of production, and the coordination of the economy by the market” (Bresser-Pereira, 2012, p. 22). On the surface, the meaning of capitalism seems straightforward; referring to an economic system in which private individuals, rather than. Capitalism , Communism , Decision making 671 Words | 3 Pages. Story of Forbidden Love Ashford University Professor Moskowitz ENG 225 Introduction to Literature A . Story of Forbidden Love The short story written by South African author Nadine Gordimer entitled, “Country Lovers” takes place in South Africa. The story deals with the consequences of a forbidden love between a young black girl and a white boy during the Apartheid rule in essay Africa. Richard Nixon Essay? It is clear from the beginning of this short story that the essay theme is centered on conventionality inter-racial relationships. Africa , Black people , Fiction 707 Words | 3 Pages. Essay A Story by A love for essay poetry Write your chosen Essay 2 topic here: B) Trudgen argues that . world view is as important as language when communicating in thesis dissertation copyright an intercultural context. Discuss this claim in relation to beginning students Patricia Bizzell wrote her hypothesis on: What Happens When Basic Writers Come to College. She explains basic writers as: those who are least well prepared for on hornbill college; giving these writers the name outlanders for their outlandishness. This outlandishness.

Culture , Linguistic relativity , World view 1481 Words | 5 Pages. “The Story of an Hour” Symbolism Essay. “The Story of an Hour” Symbolism Essay In the short story , “The Story of an Hour” by american essays, Kate Chopin, . the reader is introduced to an hour of a character’s life. Throughout the story there are many symbols to help the reader understand the emotions and changes of Mrs. Essay On Hornbill? Mallard after hearing of the loss of her husband. The two symbols mentioned in this short story are the open window and the heart trouble that Louise had.

Louise Mallard also repeats the word “Free” in the story , which gives insight. 2008 albums , Emotion , Fiction 917 Words | 3 Pages. Project 2 A Mothers Love A mother’s loves at what cost will one pay to the best essays of 2013, receive it? The story “A Rocking . Horse Winner” is about a young boy who desires to be loved by his mother. He desires his mother’s love so bad that he ends up dying trying to receive it. The author D.H. Lawrence develops a theme that states, the desire for money and essay on hornbill, social status is more important than her children. The story is about a young boy named Paul who tries to win his mother’s love by winning money.

Paul. Family , Love , Marriage 791 Words | 3 Pages. Carmen: A Story of Lust and Love Summary of the nixon Program The event began with Mr. Lopez providing a rundown of what the whole . program would be about, and short after, introducing the prima ballerina, Ms. Lisa Macuja-Elizalde. The prima ballerina then discussed the plot of Carmen and how she felt of taking the essay lead role. After that, she presented a quick lecture about the basics of in international law war, ballet, wherein she also demonstrated the basic positions. On Hornbill? As she ended the lecture, the answers lights dimmed and the ballet. Ballerina , Ballet , Georges Bizet 1385 Words | 4 Pages. Story of An Hour and The Awakening Compare and essay, Contrast Essay Kate Chopin's literary works, . Story of An Hour and The Awakening are very similar in their strong feministic voice, the mood of thesis dissertation and embargo agreement, discontentedness, and the prevailing theme of the search for freedom from a culture dominated by male supremacy and the belief that women are a possession rather than a gift to be cherished. In both Story of An Hour and The Awakening, a strong voice of feminism prevails throughout.

English-language films , Grand Isle, Louisiana , Kate Chopin 905 Words | 3 Pages. Espinola 100R Basic Composition RQ Instructor: Jared Weigley 25 November 2014 Capitalism : America’s Imaginary Friend . Capitalism and America have a love affair that is essay, mutually a false belief. Productivity and competition make up a portion of conventionality thesis, what capitalism is. Whereas busyness is the action capitalism creates. As a whole, the incorporation of busyness adopts the smallest aspects of essay, everyday life. In the Adam Gopnik’s essay “Bumping into Mr. Ict Coursework Answers? Ravioli,” he writes about essay on hornbill, his three-year-old daughter’s frustration. Arlie Russell Hochschild , Cereal , Imaginary friend 1755 Words | 7 Pages. Martin 12/5/10 A Farewell to Arms: a love story A Farewell to Arms by Earnest Hemingway is a novel that tells the . story of strong, yet strange relationship between Frederick Henry and Catherine Barkley. Both are medical workers in the Italian military during World War I who fall in thesis love soon after their first meeting.

In the essay beginning, the love between the two seems fake and ict coursework, almost a game. Essay On Hornbill? Throughout the novel, Henry begins to develop a more serious love for Catherine, but this relationship is. 2007 films , Emotion , English-language films 913 Words | 3 Pages. CAPITALISM Capitalism is defined as an economic system characterised by private or corporate ownership of capital goods; by . investments that are determined by essay in international, private decision; and by prices, production, and the distribution of goods that are determined mainly by competition in a free market. In this system, individuals and companies own and direct most of the resources used to produce goods and services, including land and other natural resources labour, and on hornbill, capital which includes factories and.

Capitalism , Communism , Economic liberalism 1403 Words | 5 Pages. Capitalism Essay #2 “I don’t really understand what capitalism is, and I don’t think anyone can give you the . exact definition of it because everyone sees it in a different way,” says Sophia Jordon, a freshmen student at ict coursework answers the University of Michigan. “I heard it being used in multiple definitions, but I can’t say if it is good or bad,” Jordon says. Capitalism in today’s society is widely debated. It can be seen as both good and bad. The good, is essay on hornbill, that it is an efficient method of distributing resources. A Good Thing , Capitalism , Form of the Good 1257 Words | 4 Pages.

Love Love is something that most humans look for in life because it comes with one of the greatest amount of pleasure a . human being can experience. The love for our mother and our entire families is one of the first thing a baby feels and as the thesis years goes by we know that life is about two big thing: success in work field and essay, being able to find people that will love you for who you are. Being able to love is ict coursework answers, one of the most important thing because it can lead to essay, a great amount of the best essays, trust and. English-language films , Family , Homosexuality 2815 Words | 7 Pages. ?A Story of an essay on hornbill, Hour – Essay Assignement Noah Rieger As the title puts it, “The Story of an Hour” is a . story that happens in one hour.

This story mostly revolves around one woman, Louis Mallard, who is used to develop many themes in the story . Some of the conventionality thesis themes brought up have a different interpretation from what is normally known in the usual circumstances. The themes of freedom and essay, death have been projected quite in a way that gives a reader another understanding different from what is ict coursework answers, already. Afterlife , Death , Happiness 1379 Words | 5 Pages. Sacrifice of Love in the Story of essay, Ramayana. the context of the story of Ramayana, duty, or dharma, has a more specific interpretation. Dharma is essays, a set of laws or principles carried out . with the purpose of creating social and religious order in the society. In this story of essay on hornbill, Ramayana, many times this duty conflicts with other values or personal desires, forcing characters to compare the choices of following the dharma or fulfilling another human value. Within the context of the relationship between Rama and Sita in the story The Ramayana of. Ayodhya , Hanuman , Lanka 940 Words | 3 Pages.

writers interest and satisfy the readers? In this essay , I will be analysing three short stories and ict coursework answers, will be explaining . through my writing how the stories interest and satisfy the readers. I will express the aims of the essay stories through the eyes of my writing and evaluate the short stories in detail. The stories that I will be analysing are all set in different places. Ict Coursework? The first short story I will be focusing on is “The Sniper”. This is a story written by essay on hornbill, Liam O’Flaherty, which is set in a city. Black people , Edgar Allan Poe , Fiction 2152 Words | 5 Pages. How To Break Up With Someone - Free Essays www.123helpme.com/preview.asp?id=70362 How To Break Up With Someone Almost everyone will have . to break up with a boyfriend or a girlfriend at some point in his or her life.

Breaking up is honestly a . | | | | Surf Canyon recommends these Google results: | | | | ? Free Process Essay Essay - Geez (from page 3)www.antiessays.com/free- essays /82352.htmlApr 5, 2011 – Marcquon Mitchell Process Essay Professor Nigro How to get over a break-up. Human bonding , Interpersonal relationships , Love 645 Words | 3 Pages. CCT210H5 Essay Assignment Post-It Notes Commercial Among all the commercials, emotional atmosphere best evokes reactions . First Grade Creative Writing Ideas? among viewers. Essay? In fact, the Post-It advertisement this article focuses on illustrates the idea of love . In the video, the ict coursework heart-shape constructed by Post-It papers on the wall depicts the essay semiotic concept of love . By constructing the activity to attract passersby to thesis dissertation copyright agreement, share their definition of essay on hornbill, love , the of 2013 action of sharing their stories will harmonize audiences. Advertising , Brand , Graphic design 738 Words | 3 Pages. For some people love is a complete devotion and endless adoration, for others is essay, a temporary feeling that will disappear in time. For some . people it is a fairy-tale and for others it is a dream come true. Some people say love is once-in-a lifetime thing and others believe that after one love comes another. The more you try to essay law war, find a universal definition of on hornbill, love – the more you get confused with all these words you get from different people around you.

The more you think you get closer to the true. 2009 albums , Husband , Love 1113 Words | 3 Pages. A sad Love Story .. Thesis? A boy proposed his girlfriend for marriage, Girl: Tell me.. Essay On Hornbill? Who do you love most in this . world? Boy: You, of course ! Girl: What am I to you? Boy: The boy thought for the best of 2013 a moment and looked intently in her eyes and said u r missing part of essay, my heart She smiled, and she accepted his proposal. :: ¦ :: ¦ : : ¦ :: ¦ :: ¦ :: ¦ After their wedding , the couple had a sweet and answers, happy life for a while . However ,the youthful couple began to drift apart due to the. 2007 singles , Life , Love 578 Words | 3 Pages. capitalism the essay greatest ponzu scheme.

?Does capitalism really work? The film “ Capitalism : A Love Story ” directed by creative writing, Michael Moore looks . at how capitalism has changed the lives of Americans for the worse. Essay On Hornbill? Capitalism described in the movie is a system of free enterprise, profit motive and competition. The movie looks at first ideas how America has changed because of capitalism . Director Michael Moore argues that capitalism is an economic system that sustains the essay power of the elite, but is maintained by essay, the possibility of on hornbill, achieving the American. Adam Smith , Capitalism , Communism 1035 Words | 3 Pages. February 1st 2012 True Love and its Obstacles Love is one of the most important things to the survival of the human race, . Essay Law War? because it allows humans to work together and connect with each other. To live life without love is not living a fulfilled life. Finding true love may seem like the difficult part of a relationship with another human being, but the obstacle that hinders the relationship coming together is the most difficult part.

My essay will explore the essay theme “true love ” and the obstacles that. Brothers Grimm , Cinderella , English-language films 1739 Words | 4 Pages. They spend the whole night reminiscing Kayden’s childhood. There were photos on answers the table and everyone took turns telling stories . Alice was . getting caught up in essay on hornbill all the tales she almost did not notice the rosy cheeks Kayden developed from story to story . Time changed a lot of things for dissertation and embargo agreement Kayden but one thing Alice noticed never changed was his blue as the sky eyes she fell in love with. On Hornbill? Kayden sees Alice wondering off in thought. He reaches out his hand and pulls her close.

She tried to remember why. Debut albums , Love , Turn LP 1290 Words | 4 Pages. What were the essay results? 3. Moore provides stories about the on hornbill impact of privatization on local communities. What were some of these?' 4. . Corporations repeatedly claim that cutting jobs will allow them to save money and stay in business. Why does this not seem to work much in the examples detailed in the film? 5. Moore talks with workers and nixon essay thesis, farmers about the impact of economic conditions and policies on essay their lives.

What were some of their stories ? What ways did they express solidarity with. Capitalism , Communism , Documentary film 1124 Words | 3 Pages. Tragic Love Story By: Sonia Adel She walks into the best american of 2013, the hallway and I catch my breath. On Hornbill? My eyes light up when she smiles at me, . Law War? but she doesn't notice it. She walks up to me and on hornbill, gives me a casual greeting and I reply hoping I said the right thing. We stand there conversing and not knowing what to say I talk about some girl I have just met looking at her all the time trying to dissertation copyright, tell her that if she would just let me love her no one else would mean anything to me.

She says a casual goodbye and essay, walks. 2005 singles , 2007 singles , Billboard Hot Country Songs number-one singles 707 Words | 3 Pages. Love by thesis, definition is an on hornbill, emotion explored in thesis dissertation philosophy, religion, and literature, often as either romantic love , the fraternal . love of others, or the love of essay, God based on the definition found in The Encarta Encyclopedia. As I explored the definition by essays of 2013, means of the Internet, books, and articles I noticed the definitions changed quite a bit, but yet had the same basic understanding. Essay? The definition I found in The Encarta Encyclopedia was probably the most simple and most basic. Nixon Essay Thesis? It refers to on hornbill, love. Emotion , Family , Interpersonal relationship 1048 Words | 3 Pages.

?Elizabeth Juarez Mr. Sullivan English 1B 17 March 2015 “ Love Medicine” The story “ Love Medicine”, by Louise . Essay? Erdrich, takes place in the 1920s in North Dakota. Essay? Lipsha Morrissey, who is the primary character, narrates in first person. From the beginning, Lipsha was taken in from his grandma and grandpa Kashpaw and by essay in international, the looks of it, Lipsha is on hornbill, passionately loyal to his grandparents, especially to his grandma. His grandparents live in a town at a senior citizen home. First Grade Creative Ideas? His grandma is more of a determined.

2006 albums , Family , First aid 1746 Words | 5 Pages. same apartment building, on the same floor. Back then there were four of us, and we got along well. We would always eat dinner together, watch movies, and . sometimes go camping. We were more like a family, but I didn't know I would end up falling in love with the only girl of the four. Maybe it was during the last year of college, having lived together for on hornbill two years, we developed deep feelings for each other. After she graduated she went back home, and I stayed for one more year to finish school. During. American films , English-language films 1447 Words | 4 Pages.

English 151 Chapter 28 Argument Essay - What is nixon essay thesis, Happiness? About Love In the world we live in, there are people who oppose . Essay On Hornbill? love and everything that comes with it. And then there are people who are all for it and want it to happen to richard nixon essay thesis, them. Being in love with someone is one of the most beautiful, life changing things there is. Love gives you a completely outlook on life and it makes you realize how precious life really is. As said in the beginning of the paragraph, love is not for everybody. Everyone. 2002 albums , American films , English-language films 1027 Words | 4 Pages. cannot allow yourself to be selfish which can be very hard. A Journey is on hornbill, a short story written by richard nixon, Colm Toibin.

The short . story is told by a limited third person narrator, and because of that we only hear about the main character’s thought and opinions. Essay? We see the events and other characters from grade creative writing ideas his viewpoint. It makes it a bit more unreliable when it is a subjective narrator. Essay On Hornbill? If we were told the short story from David’s or Seamus’ point of view or if it was an omniscient narrator, it would probably. Fiction , Narrator , Protagonist 1292 Words | 3 Pages. Migration Stories Essay Family Story. ?This paper will take a key interest in the migration story of my parents Barbara Heinemann and thesis dissertation and embargo, Kirby Clark and their story in . relation to identify the factors that shaped the migration and resettlement of migrants in the 1980’s and on hornbill, the Australian government’s policies and desires.

How the processes of alienation and the best american, assimilation affected migrants who came from a western culture and how acceptance and ‘mateship’ was difficult to find in Australians. I will do this while comparing the similarities. Australia , Culture of essay, Australia , Government of Australia 2120 Words | 11 Pages. challenge to his girlfriend;to live a day without him.He said if she was able to do it, he'll love her forever, the answers girl agreed and essay on hornbill, she didn't . text or call him the essay in international whole day, without knowing that he had only 24 hours to live because he was suffering from cancer. She went to essay on hornbill, his house next day, tears fell on her cheeks as she saw him lying on in a coffin with a note ;you did it baby. now do it everyday¦¦ Love Story With Sad Ending one day I was walking down the thesis copyright street when a gorgeous man approached me. 2004 singles , Black-and-white films , Jay Sean 940 Words | 3 Pages. Twelfth Night Essay . Title: Explore the essay different types of loves represented in Twelfth Night. If you ever wanted to . investigate the different kinds of thesis, love there may be in existence, and try to define and essay, understand how different love can be represented, then twelfth seems to be the ultimate play. It was written in ict coursework answers 1623 by essay on hornbill, William Shakespeare, the characters of twelfth night display various sorts of characteristics and personalities which are the essential ingredients that add to the play.

Erotomania , Interpersonal relationship , Love 2194 Words | 5 Pages. Pyramus and Thisbe a Legendary Love Story. Legendary Love Story The oldest love story in the world The Story of essay law war, Pyramus and . Essay? Thisbe is the oldest love story in the world. It's a story we still tell - and it's a tragedy. It's a familiar tale to all of us although we may not instantly recognise the names of the ancient lovers. You know it very well, it's the story of young lovers whose union is american of 2013, thwarted by their opposing parents and whose lives end in double suicide based on a misunderstanding. Two, by themselves, each other, love and fear.

A Midsummer Night's Dream , Babylon , Luis de Gongora 795 Words | 3 Pages.