Want to Buy Law Essay But Dont Know - Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New… - Yeshiva University, New York, NY
Dec 19, 2017 Essay on physicalism,
Breaking Into Medical Device Sales. As the essay, largest recruiter for medical device sales representatives, candidates often have a number of questions about breaking into medical device sales. Uk? How hard is it to essay transition into spm essay writing story, medical sales from essay another industry? Which avenues are most effective? How can I differentiate myself from the kurt essay science, competition?
How do I get the attention of on physicalism recruiters? Throughout the phd chemistry dissertations, remainder of essay on physicalism this page, we’ll offer our thoughts on how to make an vonnegut science, effective transition, but would also like to essay on physicalism direct medical device job seekers to essay on flower garden another website that provides medical sales representatives answers to their most frequently asked questions. Essay? If you’re an review, entry-level medical sales candidate who is interested in essay on physicalism transitioning into medical sales, we recommend you visit www.MedSalesCareer.com. At Med Sales Career, candidates can learn more about: writing a professional sales resume that will get you noticed interviewing for a medical sales position medical sales specialties and who the periodic essayists, hiring companies are how to on physicalism find medical sales jobs on essayshark, job boards and company websites how to effectively network and use social media to connect with medical sales recruiters and on physicalism, hiring managers how to essay on flower prepare for a medical sales position other resources to help you develop industry knowledge. Essay? At EliteMed Recruiting, we specialize in the placement of orthopedic sales reps who sell surgical implants to phd chemistry surgeon customers in a hospital environment. Orthopedic sales reps sell hip and essay, knee implants, spinal implants, plates and spm essay writing, screws used in essay trauma procedures, implants used by hand and spm essay writing, foot surgeons, sports medicine products and essay, biologics. These sales representatives have intimate knowledge of the products they represent and are available in the operating room to assist the surgeon, answer questions about the implant and spm essay writing story, make recommendations as requested. Essay? This is a sales role that might be considered the phd chemistry, most prestigious role a sales representative can achieve. It’s a very competitive field. Within the essay on physicalism, medical device industry, there are a number of other products that require similar skills and essayshark, expertise, such as cardiovascular devices, but there are a number of on physicalism medical sales specialties that are not nearly as competitive as device sales. Our answers to the following questions are specific to law essay help medical device sales and, more specifically, to surgical sales.
Why is it so hard to essay break into review, medical device sales? First and foremost, more than 1.5 million people search for medical sales jobs every month. There is a lot of interest and on physicalism, a lot of qualified professionals applying for these sales positions. For this reason, hiring managers for device sales are very particular about their hires. They demand the very best . If your resume does not show a history of specific sales accomplishments in ready an outside sales environment, you will likely not be invited to interview. On Physicalism? Another important consideration is the hazlitt periodic, nature of medical device sales. On Physicalism? In order for a medical device sales rep to on the essayists be successful, they must understand the sales process and how the essay on physicalism, product is used to vonnegut essay fiction benefit the patient. A sales rep has to be able to communicate with a surgeon customer on their level, using medical terminology relevant to their medical sales specialty.
It would be rather difficult to essay on physicalism sell a cervical plate for an ACDF procedure and distinguish your company’s technology over the competition’s if you have no idea what an ACDF is. (By the way, an vonnegut science fiction, ACDF is a spinal procedure called an anterior cervical discectomy and fusion.) Hiring managers are looking for sales representatives who can be productive, drive revenue, and make an immediate impact. On Physicalism? Most openings in hazlitt essayists medical device sales are due to on physicalism lack of performance from the hazlitt on the periodic essayists, previous sales representative or, on essay on physicalism, occasion, a transition within a territory. In an spm essay writing, underperforming territory, a new hire is essay on physicalism critical and phd chemistry dissertations, performance is essay on physicalism mandated. A hiring manager does not have the luxury of waiting for years, or months, or even weeks for phd chemistry dissertations, a new sales rep to add value and build the territory. As a result, most openings require 2-3 years of essay on physicalism experience. This is because an experienced sales rep is perceived to essayshark review be a less risky hire, and is more likely to drive new business in the territory. On Physicalism? In general, if you do not have 2-3 years of essay relevant experience selling medical devices, many hiring managers and on physicalism, medical sales recruiters will not consider your application. Help Uk? In the essay, rare case that they will accept an applicant without experience, they are often looking for essayshark review, individuals with an exceptionally strong sales or clinical backgrounds. Essay? They want someone with a history of documented results. They want someone with a competitive spirit.
They want someone who is law essay professional, dependable, who can take direction but who can also operate independently. On Physicalism? They want someone who understands medicine, the hospital environment and help uk, can communicate effectively with the essay on physicalism, surgeon customer. B2B sales representatives, athletes, military veterans and i stand here essays, healthcare providers (such as R.N.’s, scrub techs, etc.) are often considered for these sales roles, since their background is essay often consistent with these requirements. Dissertations? Traditionally, recruiters and essay, medical device manufacturers will tell you to get a college degree, have at spm essay, least two years of B2B sales experience, rank in the top 10% of sales reps for essay on physicalism, your company, have a solid work history (with no gaps in essay garden employment and with longevity at each company), be able to on physicalism pass a background check (criminal background check, driving history, credit check, etc.)… and THEN you might apply for a medical sales job. That kind of narrows the field, does it not? At EliteMed Recruiting, we know of kurt fiction another avenue that has proven extraordinarily successful over the last several years. On Physicalism? Much of our success is essay on flower garden related to our association and partnership with the Medical Sales College (MSC). We contract with MSC and essay on physicalism, work with graduates of the 6 to 10-week program, where students learn all of the essay garden, nuances of orthopedic medical device sales.
We have a proprietary, customized database of over 4,000 hiring managers in the medical device industry and are able to essay meet their high expectations by offering candidates that are trained, committed selling professionals who have developed relevant experience and are genuinely prepared to essay garden make an essay on physicalism, immediate contribution. Our MSC candidates know who their customers are, understand the products and the surgical procedures those products are used in, and have an actionable plan for building business and driving revenue in essayshark review their territory from day one. Ultimately, we are able to essay offer hiring managers exceptional medical sales representatives using a model that was previously unavailable. Essayshark Review? How do I distinguish myself from the essay, competition? We’re going to summarize the here, answer to this question pretty succinctly. You have to want it, you have to essay be prepared for it, and you have to go and get it. How you present and essay on flower garden, represent yourself matters from beginning to end. On Physicalism? The bottom line is story that you really have to essay on physicalism be committed to dissertations getting a job in essay on physicalism medical sales. It’s not easy to get in and it’s not easy once you are in.
As a medical device sales representative, you will have one of the college, most exciting and essay on physicalism, lucrative careers you could hope for, but you’re going to essay garden earn it. Essay? If you don’t choose to attend a formal training program like the Medical Sales College, you will need to review be resourceful and essay, learn everything you can about medical sales. Here again, Med Sales Career has some great information to essay fiction help you establish a strong foundation. Essay On Physicalism? Finally, you have to be proactive, be creative, and essayshark review, sell yourself to recruiters and hiring managers alike. How you present your resume, how you approach and communicate with recruiters, and essay, what you do to demonstrate that you are more prepared than the uk, competition to produce results will make the difference in whether or not you get hired. On Physicalism? How do I get the essayshark, attention of recruiters? The answer to this question is also pretty direct. Essay? First, develop a great resume.
If you’re not skilled at i stand ironing, writing and essay on physicalism, formatting, hire a professional resume writer (preferably one with lots of law essay uk experience in writing medical sales resumes). Be sure that resume calls out your accomplishments and essay, achievements, and writing story, be sure that it lets the essay, recruiter know what kind of college ready position you are hoping to get. Essay On Physicalism? Don’t send in a vague or generic resume that is college ready essay not targeted for medical device sales. Finally, have a succinct but powerful “elevator pitch” prepared before you speak with a recruiter. Remember, your first interview is with the on physicalism, recruiter. Dissertations? If you don’t impress the essay, recruiter, you won’t be presented as a candidate to the hiring manager. There are positions available for entry-level medical device sales representatives. Each device company and hiring manager has different criteria, and a territory in one area might require different level of experience than another area.
One thing about medical device sales is consistent, however. You have to be proactive. You have to be prepared. You have to science fiction be persistent. If you believe you have what it takes to succeed in on physicalism this very demanding field, read this page again.
How to Buy an Essay Online - Phil paper about Nagel on physicalism – Work and Workings… - Clark Atlanta University
Professional Nursing Paper Writing Help | Nursing Essay Writers - Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New… - Vanderbilt University, Nashville TN
Dec 19, 2017 Essay on physicalism,
objectives in resume This articles provides a collection of essay on physicalism, sample resume objectives. Career objective is the most important part of resume which describe your motive for job. Hazlitt On The Periodic Essayists! This statement helps employer to determine whether your goal is in line with their organization and the position available. Take your time to essay on physicalism create a powerful opening for help uk resume.
Your Objective should be two or three lines long at most. Choose the essay on physicalism objectives which describe your skills best. To make a sound position in corporate world and work enthusiastically in team to achieve goal of the organization/MNC with devotion and hard work. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job which provides me job Satisfaction and self development and help me achieve personal as well as organization goals. To seek challenging assignment and responsibility, with an opportunity for growth and career advancement as successful achievements.
To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job which provides me job satisfaction and self development and vonnegut essay help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To excel in my field through hard work, research, skills and perseverance. Essay On Physicalism! To serve my parents, and my country with the best of essay, my abilities. To succeed in an environment of on physicalism, growth and excellence and earn a job which provides me satisfaction and on the periodic self development and essay help me to achieve organizational goal. To work in an environment which provides more avenues in i stand here, the fields of computer Hardware and Networking. To be involved in work where I can utilize skill and creatively involved with system That effectively contributes to the growth of organization. To pursue a highly rewarding career, seeking for a job in challenging and healthy work environment where I can utilize my skills and knowledge efficiently for organizational growth. To be an astute learner and essay the best performer in your organization. So that I can build an innovative career in your esteemed organization by using my skills and other significant talents.
To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job Which provides me job satisfaction and self development and help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To work in review, pragmatic way in an organization where I can show my talent and enhance my skills to essay on physicalism meet company goals and spm essay writing objective with full integrity and zest. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job which provide me job satisfaction and self development and help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To achieve high carrier growth through a continuous learning process and keep myself dynamic, visionary and competitive with the changing scenario of the world. To work in a challenging environment that provides generous opportunities for learning.
In the field of essay on physicalism, Hardware/Networking. To seek challenging assignment and responsibility with an opportunity for writing growth and career advancement as a successfully achievement. To work hard with full determination and dedication to on physicalism achieve organizational as well as personal goals. To give my best in my professional pursuit for overall benefit and growth of the company that I serve by facing the challenges. I will show my caliber and gain some experience. To obtain professional and law essay uk financial heights, both for the organization and self, through skill and essay knowledge and learn from presents as well as establishment also. To obtain a position of responsibilities that utilizes my skills and i stand here essays experience and keen to work in an environment where I can enrich my knowledge.
To succeed in an environment of essay on physicalism, growth and essay excellence and earn a job which provides me job satisfaction and self development and help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To enhance my working capacities, professional skills, business Efficiencies and to serve my organization in best possible way with sheer determination and commitment. To strive for excellence, to on physicalism work in such an environment that will enhance my knowledge and career, where I can perform my management skills according to ready essay my strong Caliber and efficiency. To enhance my working capacities, professional skills, business Efficiencies and to serve my organization in best possible way with sheer determination and commitment. To live honest and hard life to work in a highly challenging competitive environment for essay the enhancement of essay fiction, my creative abilities and optimum profitability of the essay organization. To work hard with full dedication for the achievement of organization objective under satisfying job contact, hence enhancing my skill and knowledge and ready to learn new things. To serve the Organization as a hard worker in this competitive environment discharging all my professional skills. To be a part of Organization that provides an review, atmosphere of on physicalism, mutual growth and on the essayists benefits, where I can show my talent and potential.
To work in tandem with a team in a challenging and competitive environment where I could improve my knowledge, capabilities and put them to use for the development of the organization. To take up challenges in the field of computer Hardware learning the practical that Facilities translation of innovative ideas into essay, novel finding of commercial therapeutic Importance. To create value and recognition on work place by ready, producing the best result for essay the organization through synchronize and hard work. To obtain an entry-level position within an review, organization that offers security and professional growth which requires strong analytical and technical skills. To excel in on physicalism, my field through hard work, research, skills and perseverance. Story! To serve my parents, and my country with the best of my abilities. As I am the fresher in this field, I will know about the essay nature of my work. Moreover, I will attempt to spm essay story know about the various processes which form my job. By doing so, I will be able to do my job more proficiently.
On the other hand, I shall implement my knowledge into the practical world. I will always try to use my skills like honesty, devotion towards my job, punctuality etc. I will discuss my ideology with my superiors. To work in a progressive organization which can expand all my knowledge and provided me exciting opportunities to on physicalism utilize my skills and qualification to produce result fidelity. To be part of reputed organization which provides a steady career growth along with job satisfaction, challenges and give value contribution in the success of organization. To be a professional and to utilize my skill and knowledge to full fill the uk requirement of the organization in customer service. To work with best of my abilities an skills in order to benefit my organization to be better other in this competitive Time an influential position in the organization. To work in essay on physicalism, an organization where I can fulfill my dream to become as a successful computer hardwareand networking engineer.” To enhance my working capacities, professional skills, business Efficiencies and to college serve my organization in best possible way with sheer determination and commitment.
To utilize my knowledge coupled with experience to convert organizational goals in to reality to on physicalism also ensure a steady growth for spm essay writing story self. To make contribution to the organization to the best of on physicalism, my ability and to develop new skills and share my knowledge while interacting with others and achieve new height. To reach the highest echelons in help uk, an organization with hard work, dedication constant endeavor to perform better and give results. To get a job that can provide challenge. I believe that I would be the on physicalism most effective in on organization that trust me with responsibility and provide s opportunity to learn and grow. To render my sincere effects in to here ironing your esteemed organization this can develop and brush up my knowledge. To work in an environment where I will accomplish my goal to become a Hardware and essay Network Engineer.
To work in a organization where I can use my skills to achieve the organization objective and get conductive environment to Learn and grow. To work in a globally competitive environment on challenging Assignments that shall yield the twin benefits of the job satisfaction And a steady paced professional growth. To contribute organization effectiveness through emphasis on efficient utilization of Technical knowledge experience skill to enhance my job performance. To secure a challenging position where I can effectively contribute my skills as Software Professional, possessing competent Technical skills. To give my best in i stand essays, my professional pursuit for overall benefit and growth of the company that I serve by facing the challenges will show my caliber and gain some experience. To enhance my working capacities, professional skills, business efficiencies and to serve my organization in best possible way with sheer determination and commitment. To seek challenging assignment and responsibility with an opportunity for growth and career advancement as a successfully achievement. To succeed in an environment of essay, growth and excellence and earn job which provides me job satisfaction and here ironing help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals.
To secure a challenging and regarding position and utilize my strong technical, analytical and team building skills. To work to my optimum level for the betterment of the company/organization and to on physicalism make a mark as a distinguished professional in ready, an organization. To work in rapidly growing organization with a dynamic environment and achieve organizational goal with my best efforts. To work in an environment where I will accomplish my goal to become a successful Hardware and on physicalism Networking Engineer. To render my sincere effects in to your esteemed organization this can develop and story brush up my knowledge. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job which provides me job satisfaction and self development and essay help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence a job which provides me job satisfaction self development and help me to achieve personal as well as organizational goal. To seek a responsible and challenging position in the Organization where my knowledge and experience can be Shared and enriched. I would like to be a part of an organization where I could use and review enhance my knowledge and talent for essay the development of both the organization and myself. To seek a challenging job in essayshark, a reputed organization and to integrate my knowledge in on physicalism, your esteemed organization.
To work in an organization where I can acquire new knowledge and sharpen my skills and put my efforts or achieving organization as well as individual goals. To Obtain Position In A Multinational Company That Will Utilize My Knowledge In Computer And Be Part As A Team Player In The Success Of Grow Thing Company. To excel in my field through hard work, research, skills and perseverance. To serve my parents, and my country with the best of my abilities. To have a challenging career in college ready, corporate world and to be a successful professional.
To excel in essay, my field through hard work, research, skills and Perseverance. To serve my parents, and my country with the best of my abilities. To join the organization, where I can contribute my skills talent in the growth of organization. To work in review, learning and challenging environment, utilizing my skill and essay knowledge to be the best of my abilities and contribute positively to my personal growth as well as growth of the organization. To work with an organization that provides me an opportunity to grow and to exploit my potential to excel in the area of my preview so to help the writing story organization in the accomplishment of its goal. To enter an impeccable relationship with an essay on physicalism, organization of repute which can utilize the inherent talent of the incumbent to the maximum and to work on a challenging and dynamic project with good amount of freedom and corresponding work responsibility. To continuously strive for higher achievement in life and establish myself as a perfect and accept challenging work and i stand here ironing essays contribute forward the essay on physicalism success of esteem organization by hard work and ready essay acquired skills. To take up a challenging Career grows with honesty, loyalty, Good relationship and best performance, and essay translate my Experience, knowledge, skills and on the abilities into value for an Organization.
To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job which provides me job satisfaction and self development and essay on physicalism help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. I want to essay science get that position from where I will be able to do something not only for my family but also for essay those person who really needy. To serve a growing organization to the best of my ability sincerely, honestly with hard labor and where I am the essays role player for the overall growth of the concern and give respect to my senior. I am ever keen to acquire some new technologies and climb the corporate to ladder by essay, honest and hard work. To continuously strive for higher achievement in life and establish myself as a perfect and accept challenging work and contribute forward the success of esteem organization by hard work and acquired skills.
To take up a challenging Career grows with honesty, loyalty, Good relationship and hazlitt periodic essayists best performance, and translate my Experience, knowledge, skills and abilities into on physicalism, value for law essay an Organization. To continuously strive for essay on physicalism higher achievement in life and establish myself as a perfect and accept challenging work and contribute forward the success of esteem organization by spm essay story, hard work and acquired skills. Seeking challenging career in Social Development Sector to get a position of responsibility, using my skills and efficiency to essay on physicalism communicate my ideas and kurt views and on physicalism commit myself for achieving organizational objectives with the essayshark team effort and my positive attitude and performance. A spring for a position in organization where I can implement my skills and Knowledge to best in on physicalism, my conjunction with company goal and objective. Willing to work for a reputed organization to deliver my service up to best of my capabilities. I aspire for a challenging position in kurt essay science fiction, a professional Organization where I can enhance my skills and strengthen them in essay, conjunction with Organization’s goals. A self motivated achiever with an ability to plan and execute.
Looking for a high-grown organization with a competitive and challenging environment that creates an ideal condition for law essay delivering high quality services. Aspiring to associate with an essay, organization, which offers a congenial environment for growth. I am organized and help enjoy working with people have an attitude for learning quickly. I enjoy challenges and look forward to the learning opportunity offered by my next co-op work team. I aspire for a challenging position in a professional Organization where I can enhance my skills and strengthen them in conjunction with Organizations’ goals.
A self motivated achiever with an ability to plan and execute. Intend to essay on physicalism build a career with leading corporate of hi-tech environment with committed and dedicated. Which will help me to explore myself fully and realize my potential willing to work as key player in challenging and creative environment. Desire to make a promise in career by way of self-development and contributing meaningfully to the progress of organization. A challenging Career which offers an opportunity to move in organizational hierarchy with continuous learning and i stand ironing essays growth. This is the step where it would essential for me to become acquainted with the work scenario. I would learn the work culture. I will study the on physicalism work so that when I join to this job it would be easy for me to work.
Wanted to serve organization with honesty and full efficiency to make the organization as a leading company. With oriented and leading edge organization which will provide opportunities for continuing growth and advancement. Looking for a challenging role so that I can use my capabilities through sincerely dedication and hard work to hazlitt periodic move up the graph of the Organization. A challenging position that will utilize my extensive technical skills and essay on physicalism will lead me to innovative work environment. Looking for a challenging role so that I can use my capabilities through sincerely dedication and hard work to move up the graph of the here Organization. Optimum Utilization of my talents and Skills and want to be a successful computer Hardware and Networking Administrator. Seeking a challenging and progressive career using my inner strengths, professional, skills and creative thinking to gain future exposure, strengths and Experiences.
Seeking a responsible and challenging position with a turbulent and on physicalism dynamic organization which offers opportunities for personal and professional development and i stand here ironing where I can best utilize my knowledge and skills. Seeking a position to enhance my skills and abilities in the Information Technology Industry that offers professional growth while being resourceful, innovative and flexible. Capable to perform Job Course and condition within the Responsibilities Sphere. Fully Motivated and Dedicated to Job range to achieve Good Career in working Organization. Willing to work for a reputed organization to deliver my service up to best of my capabilities. To be a professional and to utilize my skill and knowledge to full fill the requirement of the organization in customer service.
I would like to be flourishing as a Network technician. I have all technical skills as well as a positive approach which will lead me to success in on physicalism, any deal. In future I would like to grasp more and more knowledge about this field which will give me name and fame in the related field. I will update my knowledge every time and use it for ready the progress of the company. To work with best of my abilities an skills in order to benefit my organization to be better other in this competitive Time an essay on physicalism, influential position in the organization. My intention at this step would be to learn new things related to my profession. As it is a technical field, one has to be updated because the uk technology changes often. It is my responsibility to essay learn and adopt the new technology. It would be profitable for me as well as for my company. Highly motivated to work in a professional environment with a growing organization and to put in best efforts for the technical enhancements of organization and myself. Looking for spm essay writing story a high-grown organization with a competitive and challenging environment that creates an ideal condition for delivering high quality services.
Aspiring to associate with an organization, which offers a congenial environment for growth. Want to essay build a career with leading corporate having committed and vonnegut fiction dedicated people whom I will work with all my potential. Looking for a challenging role so that I can use my capabilities through sincerely dedication and hard work to move up the graph of the Organization. Learn each and everything that contribute best for the growth of the organization by continue developing and sharing my skill ability. I would always prepare myself for contributing in essay, the progress of organization. The development of the company would be my prime area of interest. It would help me to create a good impression among my companions. I would use my ideology while working. So, I will come to know the strength of my skills. A Position that will harness strong problem solving analytical interpersonal and networking skills and will allow working with a high performance team working on cutting edge of technology.
In today's world, competition has reached its peak. It is not easy to stabilize ourselves in this neck-cut competition. However, if we have skills and enough confidence, we can survive in the IT world. For that, I will enhance my skills and make myself capable in the field. To enhance my working capacities, professional skills, business efficiencies and to serve my organization in best way with sheer determination and commitment. Want to build a career with leading Corporate having committed and dedicated people whom I will work with all my potential and enhance my skills. A growth oriented profile in a company where my skill knowledge is effectively used for the success of the organization. Want to ironing essays Work with a Rapidly Growing Organization with a dynamic environment to achieve goal of organization with my best efforts. Seeking challenging career in Social Development sector to get a position of responsibility, using my skills efficiency to communicate my ideas and views and commit myself for achieving organization objectives with the team effort and essay my positive attitude and performance. Continuous progress on both professional and personal fronts through all round skills with emphasis on assigned targets.
Hard work and team spirit thereby anticipating and i stand here meeting the challenging arising in the contemporary competitive business environment integrity and given to sustained hard work. And if provide with an opportunity I shall try my level best in satisfying my superiors in rightful discharge of my duties. I want to exploit my talent and want to grow with the Organization and want to essay become a responsible person by doing hard work and want to deliver my best to college the organization. In quest for assignments in Operation management, Service management, Business development, Testing and Maintenance with an organization of repute. Seeking a position to utilize my skills and abilities in essay on physicalism, the Computer industries that offers professional growth while being resourceful, innovative and flexible. Willing to work as a key player in challenging and creative environment. I can tackle with any technical problem as I have the profound knowledge of my field. I have all technical skills which help me to solve any problem. I know how to work in various situations. I can cope up with my companions.
I know my work areas. Vonnegut Essay Science! I know how to discuss on various business deals and I can crack them.
Best Australian Essays | Best Essay Writing Service in Australia - A Case for Physicalism about the Human Mind (The Great… - Susquehanna University
Dec 19, 2017 Essay on physicalism,
Using the Balanced Scorecard as a Strategic Management System. The balanced scorecard revolutionized conventional thinking about performance metrics. When Kaplan and Norton first introduced the concept, in 1992, companies were busy transforming themselves to compete in the world of information; their ability to exploit intangible assets was becoming more decisive than their ability to manage physical assets. The scorecard allowed companies to essay, track financial results while monitoring progress in building the capabilities needed for law essay uk growth. Essay? The tool was not intended to be a replacement for financial measures but rather a complement—and that’s just how most companies treated it.
Some companies went a step further, however, and discovered the scorecard’s value as the cornerstone of a new strategic management system. In this article from writing story, 1996, the authors describe how the essay on physicalism balanced scorecard can address a serious deficiency in vonnegut science fiction traditional management systems: the inability to essay, link a company’s long-term strategy with its short-term financial goals. The scorecard lets managers introduce four new processes that help companies make that important link. The first process— translating the vision —helps managers build a consensus concerning a company’s strategy and express it in terms that can guide action at the local level. Essays? The second— communicating and linking —calls for communicating a strategy at all levels of the organization and linking it with unit and individual goals. The third— business planning —enables companies to integrate their business plans with their financial plans. On Physicalism? The fourth— feedback and learning —gives companies the capacity for kurt essay science fiction strategic learning, which consists of gathering feedback, testing the hypotheses on which a strategy is based, and making necessary adjustments.
Why do budgets often bear little direct relation to a company’s long-term strategic objectives? Because they don’t take enough into consideration. A balanced scorecard augments traditional financial measures with benchmarks for essay performance in three key nonfinancial areas: a company’s relationship with its customers its key internal processes its learning and growth. When performance measures for these areas are added to the financial metrics, the result is not only a broader perspective on spm essay the company’s health and activities, it’s also a powerful organizing framework. A sophisticated instrument panel for coordinating and fine-tuning a company’s operations and businesses so that all activities are aligned with its strategy. The Idea in on physicalism Practice. The balanced scorecard relies on four processes to bind short-term activities to long-term objectives:
By relying on measurement, the essayshark review scorecard forces managers to essay, come to agreement on law essay help uk the metrics they will use to operationalize their lofty visions. Example: A bank had articulated its strategy as providing “superior service to targeted customers.” But the process of choosing operational measures for on physicalism the four areas of the scorecard made executives realize that they first needed to reconcile divergent views of who the targeted customers were and what constituted superior service. When a scorecard is disseminated up and down the organizational chart, strategy becomes a tool available to everyone. As the high-level scorecard cascades down to individual business units, overarching strategic objectives and measures are translated into vonnegut fiction, objectives and measures appropriate to each particular group. Tying these targets to individual performance and essay compensation systems yields “personal scorecards.” Thus, individual employees understand how their own productivity supports the overall strategy. Most companies have separate procedures (and sometimes units) for strategic planning and budgeting. Little wonder, then, that typical long-term planning is, in the words of one executive, where “the rubber meets the law essay help uk sky.” The discipline of creating a balanced scorecard forces companies to integrate the two functions, thereby ensuring that financial budgets do indeed support strategic goals. After agreeing on performance measures for the four scorecard perspectives, companies identify the most influential “drivers” of the desired outcomes and then set milestones for gauging the essay on physicalism progress they make with these drivers.
By supplying a mechanism for strategic feedback and review, the balanced scorecard helps an organization foster a kind of learning often missing in companies: the ready ability to reflect on inferences and adjust theories about cause-and-effect relationships. Feedback about products and services. Essay? New learning about key internal processes. Technological discoveries. All this information can be fed into college, the scorecard, enabling strategic refinements to essay, be made continually. Thus, at any point in the implementation, managers can know whether the strategy is working—and if not, why. As companies around the world transform themselves for competition that is based on information, their ability to exploit intangible assets has become far more decisive than their ability to invest in and manage physical assets. Several years ago, in here recognition of this change, we introduced a concept we called the balanced scorecard . The balanced scorecard supplemented traditional financial measures with criteria that measured performance from on physicalism, three additional perspectives—those of customers, internal business processes, and learning and growth. (See the college ready essay exhibit “Translating Vision and Strategy: Four Perspectives.”) It therefore enabled companies to track financial results while simultaneously monitoring progress in building the capabilities and acquiring the intangible assets they would need for future growth.
The scorecard wasn’t a replacement for financial measures; it was their complement. Recently, we have seen some companies move beyond our early vision for the scorecard to essay, discover its value as the cornerstone of a new strategic management system. Used this way, the scorecard addresses a serious deficiency in traditional management systems: their inability to link a company’s long-term strategy with its short-term actions. Most companies’ operational and management control systems are built around financial measures and targets, which bear little relation to the company’s progress in law essay help uk achieving long-term strategic objectives. Thus the emphasis most companies place on short-term financial measures leaves a gap between the development of essay on physicalism, a strategy and its implementation. Managers using the help uk balanced scorecard do not have to essay, rely on review short-term financial measures as the sole indicators of the company’s performance. The scorecard lets them introduce four new management processes that, separately and in combination, contribute to linking long-term strategic objectives with short-term actions. (See the essay on physicalism exhibit “Managing Strategy: Four Processes.”) The first new process— translating the vision —helps managers build a consensus around the organization’s vision and strategy. Essayshark Review? Despite the best intentions of those at the top, lofty statements about becoming “best in on physicalism class,” “the number one supplier,” or an “empowered organization” don’t translate easily into operational terms that provide useful guides to action at the local level. For people to act on the words in vision and periodic essayists strategy statements, those statements must be expressed as an integrated set of objectives and measures, agreed upon by all senior executives, that describe the long-term drivers of on physicalism, success. The second process— communicating and linking —lets managers communicate their strategy up and down the organization and link it to departmental and individual objectives.
Traditionally, departments are evaluated by their financial performance, and individual incentives are tied to short-term financial goals. The scorecard gives managers a way of ensuring that all levels of the organization understand the law essay help uk long-term strategy and on physicalism that both departmental and individual objectives are aligned with it. The third process— business planning —enables companies to integrate their business and financial plans. Almost all organizations today are implementing a variety of change programs, each with its own champions, gurus, and consultants, and each competing for senior executives’ time, energy, and resources. Managers find it difficult to integrate those diverse initiatives to essayshark review, achieve their strategic goals—a situation that leads to frequent disappointments with the programs’ results.
But when managers use the ambitious goals set for balanced scorecard measures as the basis for allocating resources and setting priorities, they can undertake and coordinate only those initiatives that move them toward their long-term strategic objectives. The fourth process— feedback and essay on physicalism learning —gives companies the capacity for what we call strategic learning. Existing feedback and review processes focus on whether the company, its departments, or its individual employees have met their budgeted financial goals. With the balanced scorecard at vonnegut fiction, the center of its management systems, a company can monitor short-term results from the on physicalism three additional perspectives—customers, internal business processes, and uk learning and growth—and evaluate strategy in the light of on physicalism, recent performance. College Ready Essay? The scorecard thus enables companies to modify strategies to reflect real-time learning. None of the essay more than 100 organizations that we have studied or with which we have worked implemented their first balanced scorecard with the intention of developing a new strategic management system. But in each one, the senior executives discovered that the scorecard supplied a framework and thus a focus for many critical management processes: departmental and individual goal setting, business planning, capital allocations, strategic initiatives, and feedback and writing learning. Previously, those processes were uncoordinated and often directed at short-term operational goals. By building the essay scorecard, the senior executives started a process of change that has gone well beyond the original idea of hazlitt on the periodic essayists, simply broadening the essay on physicalism company’s performance measures. For example, one insurance company—let’s call it National Insurance—developed its first balanced scorecard to create a new vision for itself as an underwriting specialist.
But once National started to use it, the scorecard allowed the CEO and the senior management team not only to introduce a new strategy for the organization but also to overhaul the here company’s management system. The CEO subsequently told employees in a letter addressed to essay on physicalism, the whole organization that National would thenceforth use the balanced scorecard and essay the philosophy that it represented to essay, manage the business. National built its new strategic management system step-by-step over 30 months, with each step representing an incremental improvement. (See the exhibit “How One Company Built a Strategic Management System…”) The iterative sequence of actions enabled the company to reconsider each of the four new management processes two or three times before the system stabilized and became an established part of National’s overall management system. Thus the CEO was able to transform the company so that everyone could focus on achieving long-term strategic objectives—something that no purely financial framework could do. The CEO of an engineering construction company, after working with his senior management team for several months to develop a mission statement, got a phone call from a project manager in the field. “I want you to know,” the distraught manager said, “that I believe in the mission statement. I want to act in accordance with the mission statement. I’m here with my customer. Spm Essay Writing? What am I supposed to do?”
The mission statement, like those of many other organizations, had declared an intention to “use high-quality employees to provide services that surpass customers’ needs.” But the project manager in the field with his employees and his customer did not know how to translate those words into the appropriate actions. The phone call convinced the CEO that a large gap existed between the mission statement and employees’ knowledge of how their day-to-day actions could contribute to realizing the company’s vision. The Balanced Scorecard: Measures That Drive Performance. Metro Bank (not its real name), the result of a merger of two competitors, encountered a similar gap while building its balanced scorecard. The senior executive group thought it had reached agreement on the new organization’s overall strategy: “to provide superior service to essay, targeted customers.” Research had revealed five basic market segments among existing and potential customers, each with different needs. While formulating the measures for the customer-perspective portion of essayshark review, their balanced scorecard, however, it became apparent that although the 25 senior executives agreed on the words of the strategy, each one had a different definition of superior service and a different image of the targeted customers . The exercise of developing operational measures for the four perspectives on the bank’s scorecard forced the 25 executives to clarify the on physicalism meaning of the strategy statement. Ultimately, they agreed to stimulate revenue growth through new products and services and also agreed on the three most desirable customer segments. They developed scorecard measures for periodic essayists the specific products and services that should be delivered to customers in the targeted segments as well as for the relationship the bank should build with customers in each segment. The scorecard also highlighted gaps in employees’ skills and in information systems that the bank would have to close in essay on physicalism order to deliver the selected value propositions to the targeted customers.
Thus, creating a balanced scorecard forced the bank’s senior managers to arrive at a consensus and then to college essay, translate their vision into terms that had meaning to essay, the people who would realize the vision. “The top ten people in the business now understand the strategy better than ever before. Spm Essay Writing Story? It’s too bad,” a senior executive of a major oil company complained, “that we can’t put this in a bottle so that everyone could share it.” With the balanced scorecard, he can. One company we have worked with deliberately involved three layers of on physicalism, management in the creation of its balanced scorecard. Law Essay Help Uk? The senior executive group formulated the financial and customer objectives. Essay? It then mobilized the talent and information in the next two levels of managers by having them formulate the internal-business-process and learning-and-growth objectives that would drive the achievement of the financial and customer goals. For example, knowing the importance of satisfying customers’ expectations of on-time delivery, the broader group identified several internal business processes—such as order processing, scheduling, and fulfillment—in which the here ironing essays company had to excel. To do so, the company would have to retrain frontline employees and improve the information systems available to them. The group developed performance measures for those critical processes and for staff and systems capabilities. Broad participation in creating a scorecard takes longer, but it offers several advantages: Information from essay on physicalism, a larger number of managers is incorporated into the internal objectives; the managers gain a better understanding of the company’s long-term strategic goals; and such broad participation builds a stronger commitment to achieving those goals. Uk? But getting managers to essay, buy into the scorecard is only a first step in linking individual actions to corporate goals.
The balanced scorecard signals to ironing essays, everyone what the organization is trying to achieve for shareholders and customers alike. But to align employees’ individual performances with the overall strategy, scorecard users generally engage in three activities: communicating and educating, setting goals, and linking rewards to performance measures. Implementing a strategy begins with educating those who have to execute it. Whereas some organizations opt to hold their strategy close to the vest, most believe that they should disseminate it from top to essay, bottom. A broad-based communication program shares with all employees the strategy and the critical objectives they have to i stand, meet if the strategy is to essay, succeed. On The Essayists? Onetime events such as the distribution of brochures or newsletters and the holding of essay, “town meetings” might kick off the program. Some organizations post bulletin boards that illustrate and explain the hazlitt on the periodic balanced scorecard measures, then update them with monthly results. Others use groupware and electronic bulletin boards to essay, distribute the scorecard to the desktops of all employees and to encourage dialogue about the measures.
The same media allow employees to make suggestions for achieving or exceeding the targets. The balanced scorecard, as the writing embodiment of business unit strategy, should also be communicated upward in the organization—to corporate headquarters and to the corporate board of directors. With the scorecard, business units can quantify and communicate their long-term strategies to senior executives using a comprehensive set of linked financial and nonfinancial measures. Such communication informs the executives and the board in specific terms that long-term strategies designed for competitive success are in on physicalism place. The measures also provide the basis for feedback and accountability. Meeting short-term financial targets should not constitute satisfactory performance when other measures indicate that the i stand ironing essays long-term strategy is either not working or not being implemented well.
Should the balanced scorecard be communicated beyond the essay boardroom to external shareholders? We believe that as senior executives gain confidence in vonnegut essay the ability of the scorecard measures to monitor strategic performance and predict future financial performance, they will find ways to essay on physicalism, inform outside investors about uk those measures without disclosing competitively sensitive information. Skandia, an insurance and financial services company based in Sweden, issues a supplement to its annual report called “The Business Navigator”—“an instrument to essay, help us navigate into the future and thereby stimulate renewal and hazlitt essayists development.” The supplement describes Skandia’s strategy and the strategic measures the company uses to communicate and evaluate the strategy. It also provides a report on the company’s performance along those measures during the essay on physicalism year. The measures are customized for each operating unit and include, for example, market share, customer satisfaction and retention, employee competence, employee empowerment, and spm essay writing story technology deployment.
Communicating the balanced scorecard promotes commitment and accountability to the business’s long-term strategy. As one executive at Metro Bank declared, “The balanced scorecard is both motivating and obligating.” Mere awareness of corporate goals, however, is not enough to change many people’s behavior. Somehow, the organization’s high-level strategic objectives and measures must be translated into objectives and measures for operating units and individuals. The exploration group of a large oil company developed a technique to enable and on physicalism encourage individuals to essay science, set goals for themselves that were consistent with the organization’s. Essay? It created a small, fold-up, personal scorecard that people could carry in their shirt pockets or wallets. Law Essay Uk? (See the exhibit “The Personal Scorecard.”) The scorecard contains three levels of information. On Physicalism? The first describes corporate objectives, measures, and targets. The second leaves room for translating corporate targets into targets for each business unit. For the third level, the company asks both individuals and teams to articulate which of their own objectives would be consistent with the business unit and corporate objectives, as well as what initiatives they would take to achieve their objectives. It also asks them to define up to five performance measures for their objectives and to set targets for essayshark each measure.
The personal scorecard helps to communicate corporate and essay on physicalism business unit objectives to the people and teams performing the work, enabling them to review, translate the objectives into essay on physicalism, meaningful tasks and targets for themselves. It also lets them keep that information close at hand—in their pockets. Linking rewards to law essay help, performance measures. Should compensation systems be linked to balanced scorecard measures? Some companies, believing that tying financial compensation to on physicalism, performance is a powerful lever, have moved quickly to on the periodic essayists, establish such a linkage. Essay On Physicalism? For example, an oil company that we’ll call Pioneer Petroleum uses its scorecard as the kurt vonnegut essay sole basis for computing incentive compensation. On Physicalism? The company ties 60% of its executives’ bonuses to their achievement of ambitious targets for a weighted average of four financial indicators: return on capital, profitability, cash flow, and operating cost. It bases the remaining 40% on indicators of customer satisfaction, dealer satisfaction, employee satisfaction, and on the periodic essayists environmental responsibility (such as a percentage change in the level of emissions to water and air).
Pioneer’s CEO says that linking compensation to the scorecard has helped to align the company with its strategy. “I know of no competitor,” he says, “who has this degree of alignment. It is producing results for us.” As attractive and essay as powerful as such linkage is, it nonetheless carries risks. For instance, does the company have the right measures on the scorecard? Does it have valid and reliable data for the selected measures? Could unintended or unexpected consequences arise from the way the targets for the measures are achieved? Those are questions that companies should ask. Furthermore, companies traditionally handle multiple objectives in a compensation formula by assigning weights to each objective and calculating incentive compensation by the extent to which each weighted objective was achieved. This practice permits substantial incentive compensation to ironing essays, be paid if the on physicalism business unit overachieves on a few objectives even if it falls far short on i stand here essays others. A better approach would be to establish minimum threshold levels for a critical subset of the strategic measures.
Individuals would earn no incentive compensation if performance in a given period fell short of any threshold. On Physicalism? This requirement should motivate people to achieve a more balanced performance across short- and long-term objectives. Some organizations, however, have reduced their emphasis on short-term, formula-based incentive systems as a result of introducing the balanced scorecard. They have discovered that dialogue among executives and managers about the scorecard—both the i stand here formulation of the essay on physicalism measures and objectives and the explanation of uk, actual versus targeted results—provides a better opportunity to observe managers’ performance and abilities. Increased knowledge of their managers’ abilities makes it easier for executives to essay on physicalism, set incentive rewards subjectively and to defend those subjective evaluations—a process that is less susceptible to the game playing and essayshark review distortions associated with explicit, formula-based rules. One company we have studied takes an essay intermediate position. It bases bonuses for business unit managers on i stand here ironing essays two equally weighted criteria: their achievement of a financial objective—economic value added—over a three-year period and a subjective assessment of their performance on measures drawn from the customer, internal-business-process, and learning-and-growth perspectives of the essay on physicalism balanced scorecard. That the balanced scorecard has a role to play in the determination of incentive compensation is vonnegut essay fiction, not in doubt. Precisely what that role should be will become clearer as more companies experiment with linking rewards to scorecard measures. “Where the rubber meets the sky”: That’s how one senior executive describes his company’s long-range-planning process. He might have said the same of many other companies because their financially based management systems fail to link change programs and resource allocation to long-term strategic priorities.
The problem is that most organizations have separate procedures and organizational units for strategic planning and for resource allocation and on physicalism budgeting. To formulate their strategic plans, senior executives go off-site annually and engage for several days in i stand active discussions facilitated by senior planning and development managers or external consultants. The outcome of essay on physicalism, this exercise is a strategic plan articulating where the company expects (or hopes or prays) to be in three, five, and ten years. Typically, such plans then sit on law essay help executives’ bookshelves for the next 12 months. Meanwhile, a separate resource-allocation and budgeting process run by the finance staff sets financial targets for essay on physicalism revenues, expenses, profits, and investments for the next fiscal year. I Stand Ironing Essays? The budget it produces consists almost entirely of financial numbers that generally bear little relation to the targets in the strategic plan. Which document do corporate managers discuss in their monthly and quarterly meetings during the following year? Usually only the budget, because the periodic reviews focus on a comparison of actual and budgeted results for every line item. When is the strategic plan next discussed? Probably during the next annual off-site meeting, when the senior managers draw up a new set of three-, five-, and ten-year plans.
The very exercise of creating a balanced scorecard forces companies to on physicalism, integrate their strategic planning and budgeting processes and essayshark therefore helps to essay on physicalism, ensure that their budgets support their strategies. Scorecard users select measures of progress from all four scorecard perspectives and set targets for each of them. Then they determine which actions will drive them toward their targets, identify the measures they will apply to on the periodic essayists, those drivers from the four perspectives, and on physicalism establish the essay science fiction short-term milestones that will mark their progress along the strategic paths they have selected. Essay? Building a scorecard thus enables a company to link its financial budgets with its strategic goals. For example, one division of the Style Company (not its real name) committed to achieving a seemingly impossible goal articulated by the CEO: to double revenues in five years.
The forecasts built into the organization’s existing strategic plan fell $1 billion short of essay, this objective. The division’s managers, after considering various scenarios, agreed to essay on physicalism, specific increases in review five different performance drivers: the number of new stores opened, the number of new customers attracted into new and existing stores, the essay percentage of shoppers in each store converted into actual purchasers, the portion of existing customers retained, and average sales per i stand here customer. By helping to essay on physicalism, define the key drivers of revenue growth and by committing to targets for each of them, the division’s managers eventually grew comfortable with the CEO’s ambitious goal. The process of building a balanced scorecard—clarifying the strategic objectives and then identifying the few critical drivers—also creates a framework for managing an organization’s various change programs. These initiatives—reengineering, employee empowerment, time-based management, and ironing total quality management, among others—promise to deliver results but also compete with one another for scarce resources, including the scarcest resource of all: senior managers’ time and essay attention. Shortly after the i stand here ironing essays merger that created it, Metro Bank, for example, launched more than 70 different initiatives. The initiatives were intended to produce a more competitive and successful institution, but they were inadequately integrated into the overall strategy. After building their balanced scorecard, Metro Bank’s managers dropped many of those programs—such as a marketing effort directed at essay on physicalism, individuals with very high net worth—and consolidated others into initiatives that were better aligned with the company’s strategic objectives.
For example, the managers replaced a program aimed at enhancing existing low-level selling skills with a major initiative aimed at retraining salespersons to help uk, become trusted financial advisers, capable of on physicalism, selling a broad range of newly introduced products to essays, the three selected customer segments. The bank made both changes because the scorecard enabled it to essay on physicalism, gain a better understanding of the writing story programs required to achieve its strategic objectives. Once the essay strategy is here essays, defined and the drivers are identified, the scorecard influences managers to essay on physicalism, concentrate on improving or reengineering those processes most critical to the organization’s strategic success. That is vonnegut essay fiction, how the scorecard most clearly links and aligns action with strategy. The final step in linking strategy to actions is to establish specific short-term targets, or milestones, for the balanced scorecard measures. Milestones are tangible expressions of managers’ beliefs about when and to what degree their current programs will affect those measures. Putting the Balanced Scorecard to Work. In establishing milestones, managers are expanding the traditional budgeting process to incorporate strategic as well as financial goals.
Detailed financial planning remains important, but financial goals taken by themselves ignore the three other balanced scorecard perspectives. In an integrated planning and budgeting process, executives continue to budget for short-term financial performance, but they also introduce short-term targets for measures in the customer, internal-business-process, and essay learning-and-growth perspectives. With those milestones established, managers can continually test both the spm essay story theory underlying the strategy and the strategy’s implementation. At the end of the business-planning process, managers should have set targets for the long-term objectives they would like to achieve in all four scorecard perspectives; they should have identified the strategic initiatives required and allocated the necessary resources to those initiatives; and they should have established milestones for the measures that mark progress toward achieving their strategic goals. “With the balanced scorecard,” a CEO of an engineering company told us, “I can continually test my strategy. It’s like performing real-time research.” That is exactly the capability that the scorecard should give senior managers: the ability to know at any point in its implementation whether the strategy they have formulated is, in fact, working, and if not, why. The first three management processes—translating the vision, communicating and linking, and business planning—are vital for on physicalism implementing strategy, but they are not sufficient in an unpredictable world. Together they form an important single-loop-learning process—single-loop in science fiction the sense that the essay objective remains constant, and any departure from the review planned trajectory is seen as a defect to essay on physicalism, be remedied. Hazlitt On The Periodic Essayists? This single-loop process does not require or even facilitate reexamination of either the strategy or the techniques used to implement it in light of current conditions. Most companies today operate in a turbulent environment with complex strategies that, though valid when they were launched, may lose their validity as business conditions change. In this kind of environment, where new threats and opportunities arise constantly, companies must become capable of what Chris Argyris calls double-loop learning —learning that produces a change in people’s assumptions and theories about cause-and-effect relationships. (See “Teaching Smart People How to Learn,” HBR May–June 1991.)
Budget reviews and other financially based management tools cannot engage senior executives in double-loop learning—first, because these tools address performance from only one perspective, and second, because they don’t involve strategic learning. Strategic learning consists of on physicalism, gathering feedback, testing the hypotheses on which strategy was based, and making the necessary adjustments. The balanced scorecard supplies three elements that are essential to strategic learning. First, it articulates the company’s shared vision, defining in clear and operational terms the results that the company, as a team, is trying to achieve. Science Fiction? The scorecard communicates a holistic model that links individual efforts and accomplishments to business unit objectives. Second, the scorecard supplies the essential strategic feedback system. Essay? A business strategy can be viewed as a set of help, hypotheses about cause-and-effect relationships. A strategic feedback system should be able to test, validate, and modify the hypotheses embedded in a business unit’s strategy.
By establishing short-term goals, or milestones, within the essay on physicalism business-planning process, executives are forecasting the relationship between changes in performance drivers and the associated changes in essay one or more specified goals. For example, executives at Metro Bank estimated the amount of time it would take for essay improvements in training and in here the availability of information systems before employees could sell multiple financial products effectively to existing and new customers. They also estimated how great the effect of essay, that selling capability would be. Another organization attempted to validate its hypothesized cause-and-effect relationships in the balanced scorecard by measuring the strength of the linkages among measures in the different perspectives. (See the exhibit “How One Company Linked Measures from the on the periodic essayists Four Perspectives.”) The company found significant correlations between employees’ morale, a measure in the learning-and-growth perspective, and essay customer satisfaction, an important customer perspective measure. Customer satisfaction, in turn, was correlated with faster payment of invoices—a relationship that led to a substantial reduction in accounts receivable and hence a higher return on capital employed. The company also found correlations between employees’ morale and the number of suggestions made by employees (two learning-and-growth measures) as well as between an increased number of suggestions and lower rework (an internal-business-process measure). Evidence of such strong correlations help to i stand here ironing, confirm the organization’s business strategy. If, however, the expected correlations are not found over time, it should be an indication to executives that the theory underlying the unit’s strategy may not be working as they had anticipated. Especially in large organizations, accumulating sufficient data to essay, document significant correlations and causation among balanced scorecard measures can take a long time—months or years. Over the short term, managers’ assessment of strategic impact may have to rest on subjective and qualitative judgments. Eventually, however, as more evidence accumulates, organizations may be able to provide more objectively grounded estimates of kurt fiction, cause-and-effect relationships.
But just getting managers to think systematically about the essay on physicalism assumptions underlying their strategy is an story improvement over the current practice of making decisions based on short-term operational results. Third, the essay on physicalism scorecard facilitates the strategy review that is essential to strategic learning. Traditionally, companies use the monthly or quarterly meetings between corporate and division executives to analyze the most recent period’s financial results. Discussions focus on past performance and on explanations of why financial objectives were not achieved. The balanced scorecard, with its specification of the causal relationships between performance drivers and kurt essay science objectives, allows corporate and business unit executives to use their periodic review sessions to essay, evaluate the validity of the unit’s strategy and the quality of its execution. If the unit’s employees and managers have delivered on the performance drivers (retraining of employees, availability of information systems, and spm essay writing story new financial products and services, for instance), then their failure to essay, achieve the expected outcomes (higher sales to targeted customers, for example) signals that the periodic essayists theory underlying the on physicalism strategy may not be valid. The disappointing sales figures are an early warning. Managers should take such disconfirming evidence seriously and reconsider their shared conclusions about market conditions, customer value propositions, competitors’ behavior, and internal capabilities. Kurt Essay Science? The result of such a review may be a decision to reaffirm their belief in the current strategy but to adjust the quantitative relationship among the strategic measures on the balanced scorecard. But they also might conclude that the unit needs a different strategy (an example of double-loop learning) in light of new knowledge about market conditions and internal capabilities.
In any case, the scorecard will have stimulated key executives to learn about the viability of essay, their strategy. This capacity for enabling organizational learning at the executive level—strategic learning—is what distinguishes the balanced scorecard, making it invaluable for those who wish to create a strategic management system. Toward a New Strategic Management System. Many companies adopted early balanced scorecard concepts to improve their performance measurement systems. I Stand Ironing? They achieved tangible but narrow results. Adopting those concepts provided clarification, consensus, and focus on the desired improvements in performance. More recently, we have seen companies expand their use of the balanced scorecard, employing it as the essay on physicalism foundation of an integrated and iterative strategic management system. Companies are using the scorecard to. clarify and update strategy; communicate strategy throughout the company; align unit and individual goals with the strategy; link strategic objectives to long-term targets and annual budgets; identify and periodic align strategic initiatives; and conduct periodic performance reviews to learn about and improve strategy.
The balanced scorecard enables a company to align its management processes and focuses the entire organization on implementing long-term strategy. At National Insurance, the scorecard provided the CEO and his managers with a central framework around which they could redesign each piece of the essay company’s management system. And because of the cause-and-effect linkages inherent in the scorecard framework, changes in one component of the system reinforced earlier changes made elsewhere. Therefore, every change made over the 30-month period added to the momentum that kept the organization moving forward in the agreed-upon direction. Without a balanced scorecard, most organizations are unable to achieve a similar consistency of vision and action as they attempt to college, change direction and introduce new strategies and essay on physicalism processes. The balanced scorecard provides a framework for managing the implementation of strategy while also allowing the help strategy itself to evolve in response to changes in the company’s competitive, market, and technological environments. Robert S. Essay? Kaplan is uk, a senior fellow and the Marvin Bower Professor of Leadership Development, Emeritus, at Harvard Business School.
He is a coauthor, with Michael E. Porter, of “How to Solve the Cost Crisis in Health Care” (HBR, September 2011). David P. Norton is a founder and on physicalism director of the hazlitt periodic essayists Palladium Group and is co-author of The Balanced Scorecard .
Write my essay, paper - Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New… - Emmanuel College
Dec 19, 2017 Essay on physicalism,
A History of on physicalism, All the science Office Designs That Were Supposed to Change Office Work Forever. On Physicalism? Slate is an here ironing essays, Amazon affiliate and may receive a commission from purchases you make through our links. On Physicalism? Illustration by Rem Broo. Early in essayists, Cubed , Nikil Saval’s detailed cultural history of how the office grew to become the definitive 20 th century workplace, Saval presents a description of the stylish office worker, courtesy of Walt Whitman circa 1856.* At that time, nonmanual labor accounted for a minority of jobs in the country, and essay those who did spend their days in an office were often the source of derision. Whitman, for one, described office workers as “a slender and round-shouldered generation, of minute leg, chalky face, and hollow chest trig and prim in great glow of review, shiny boots, clean shirtssometimes, just now, of extraordinary patterns, as if overrun with bugs!tight pantaloons, straps, which seem coming little into fashion again, startling cravats, and hair all soaked and ‘slickery’ with sickening oils.” Adjust for somebut only somechanges in fashion and that passage could describe the put-together hipster or flashy banker you saw on essay the way to work today. You can take or leave the mockery (perhaps the description hits a little close to home), but Whitman’s words undoubtedly still resonate. Saval’s book accentuates the transformations that occurred as those weak and spindly office workers began to inherit the Earth, or at least the eight-hour workday. In 1880, less than 5 percent of the American workforce worked in nonmanual labor, although the number was much higherin the 20-40 percent ragein cities like Philadelphia, San Francisco, and Boston. As trade expanded across the country, the amount of clerical work increased.
And as the number of people working in offices grew, the question arose of how to optimize efficiency and, in help uk, some cases, comfort in this new work climate. Throughout Cubed , we read about “the dream of essay, a better office,” but that phrase turns comical as we realize how little progress ever gets made. To start, Saval explains, many offices took a cue from the factory and lined desks up in kurt fiction, long rows. Then, in the early 20 th century, two innovations emerged that would get recycled and reinterpreted in various ways over the next century. The first arrived courtesy of Frederick Taylor, a consultant and theorist who made it his goal to remove all inefficiencies from the office and argued for an extreme division of labor to essay on physicalism replace what was the more fluid work style of the old clerks, who worked in on the periodic essayists, small offices of four or five people and were responsible for a wide variety of tasks. Taylor created the position of the manager.
As Saval writes: By separating knowledge from the basic work process the ideology of Taylorism all but ensured a workplace divided against itself, both in space and in practice, with a group of managers controlling how work was done and their workers merely performing that work. Essay? Even as some offices today, particularly those in periodic essayists, the tech industry, have attempted to move toward nonhierarchical models that recognize the benefit of idle, creative time, most still employ a version of this hierarchical, efficiency-driven system. The drive to get workers producing at highest capacity probably reached its apex with Robert Propst’s Action Office in the 1960s. The Action Office was an open-concept space consisting of essay on physicalism, several different working spaces, including a desk that you sat at and a larger drafting table that you could stand over. Propst’s second version of the Action Office, created after the first failed to gain traction in the marketplace, added walls of different heights around the workspace. Propst’s ideas were received rapturously, heralded for finally allowing the office “to achieve the work utopia that it had always promised.” As Saval writes: “Most office designs were about keeping people in place; Action Office was about movement.
For in keeping with the ergonomic thinking that Propst had been doing for essayshark, years, the motion of the body assistedcorresponded tothe ceaselessly inventive motion of the essay white-collar mind.” The results, however, were hardly radical. The Action Office, which was meant to liberate workers and get them moving around the law essay uk office, instead led directly to the proliferation of essay on physicalism, its stifling cousin-in-design: the cubicle. The same ironic story gets repeated with almost every grand design that Saval describes. Throughout Cubed , we read about “the dream of a better office,” but that phrase and others like it turn comical as we realize how little progress ever gets made toward turning that dream into reality. That’s not to say that nothing has changed about office life at all in the past century. Saval emphasizes how offices were, for much of the 20 th century, filled only with white men, an unfortunate reality that has slowly been reversed. But if the people doing the work have grown more diverse, any changes in how that work is story, actually done has tended toward the superficial, despite what the Taylors and Propsts of the world may have hoped. In a New York magazine article last year, Matthew Shaer wrote about the new trend of bossless offices, where hiring and firing is on physicalism, done through consensus and teams complete projects with little to no hierarchical supervision. The notion appears revolutionary, but as Shaer writes, the law essay help uk results are anything but. Shaer describes watching a group of workers at Menlo, one of the companies trying out the “flattened office” theory, and realizing that “however ostensibly egalitarian this Menlo work team was, in practice, a leader had quickly emerged, and everyone else was falling in line.” As Shaer points out after, that doesn’t take away from the project: “The triumph of the flattened office may be the creation of work environments in which leaders organically arise, and all employees feel a sense of ownership, whether real or imagined.” For the kind of essay, worker who fits in at Menlo at least, the process is less oppressive, but ultimately a hierarchy ends up appearing regardless, and from an outsider’s perspective the on the periodic work process is only slightly altered. Photo by Katrina Ohstrom.
Regardless of where it happensin a cubicle, an open-concept warehouse floor, or a coffee shopor how much personal freedom you have while doing it, office work has an underlying consistency. At its heart are basic and similar building blocks: assignments, projects, and deliverables spread out over, if you’re lucky, an eight-hour day. Essay? Even the spm essay writing story shift to essay freelancing is not as tectonic on a day-to-day basis as it can appear from the outside. In fact, the first thing you learn as a freelancer is that the freedom it offers is mostly a fantasy. The experience is similar to the scene in When Harry Met Sally where Sally explains the false rationale behind deciding not to have kids with her boyfriend: “Joe and essay I used to talk about essay it, and story we'd say we were so lucky we can have sex on the kitchen floor and essay on physicalism not worry about the kids walking in.” But of course, they never did.
Freelancing in hazlitt on the essayists, theory allows for impromptu midweek vacations and afternoon beers, but there’s still 40, 50, 60 hours of work to do a week, and it doesn’t get done by assuming you can now sleep in on Wednesday because you have no boss waiting for essay, you at story, the office. Of course, there are real changes facing people entering the workforce today and many signs that point to on physicalism hard times coming for the white-collar worker: the decreased influence of private-sector unions, the push for kurt science, students to choose vocational training over college, and the record number of essay on physicalism, freelance and temp workers30 percent of the workforce as of 2006 and college ready essay probably higher now. But the troubling aspect of these changes has little to do with management or design theories, with where and how people do their work, which is what most of essay, Cubed focuses on. Ready Essay? What’s worrisome about the essay future of work today is the seeming irreversible loss in stability, the increasingly prevalent notion that you can’t depend on a job for more than a few months. Saval confronts this uncertain future at the end of the book. Recent changes, Saval argues, suggest that “the career path that defined the white-collar worker for generations is coming to a close, and that a new sort of work, as yet unformed, is taking its place.” It’s a compelling conclusion, but one that the hazlitt periodic essayists rest of essay on physicalism, Cubed hasn’t properly prepared us for. Saval begins the book by ready essay acknowledging in a footnote that it will ignore the “wider world of on physicalism, work,” which is precisely what we would need to know about to understand what comes next for the office worker, or to comprehend what the essay nature of essay, work might look like if offices are in fact on the way out essay, as the most common workplace. However, if Cubed doesn’t serve well as a prophetic text, in its best moments it does offer some insight into essay on physicalism, what we might be losing. At one point, in essayshark review, one of essay, many pop culture examples used throughout the book, Saval references Tom Rath, the middle-manager protagonist of the 1955 novel The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit , who at the end of the book turns down “an executive position so that he could work less and spend time with his family (but still earn enough money to maintain a large home in suburban Connecticut).” On the one hand, Rath represents a bygone era, where similar middle-management positions provided so many people with a cozy middle-class life.
But Rath’s decision is essayshark, also one that seems foreign to us for reasons beyond the state of the economy or the job market. Many middle-class Americans fail absolutely at creating the kind of boundary between work and life that Rath does in the moment he rejects his promotion. That our lives are defined by essay work is review, a common notion in our culture, instilled in us when we’re asked what we want to essay be when we grow up as kids, confirmed by writing quizzes in high school social studies that tell us what career we’re most suited for, and set in place by the stresses of choosing a major in university. I have a theory that whatever office layout is trendy is what the essay on physicalism average kindergarten classroom was when the designers and managers were young kids. Hence tech startups with slides and four desks pushed together like a table. Essayshark Review? And naptime. Essay On Physicalism? More. The men and women who dominate Saval’s story are similarly work-obsessed. They are theorists, innovators, and consultants who tackle the problem of the unsatisfied employee in one way: by attempting to make work as comfortable to live in as possible. Yet most of ironing essays, us have probably worked jobs that would never be satisfying, regardless of what perks came with them. As a university student, I spent one summer working at a supermarket.
Most of my memories from that job are of interminable shifts and downcast co-workers, with the exception of one department managerone Tom Rath, you might saywho had spent years at the company but had an essay on physicalism, upbeat energy distinctly different from anyone else with the same level of seniority. Uk? The reason for that became clear when I talked to on physicalism him about Don DeLillo, about story journalism, about things that had nothing to do with putting merchandise on the shelves. Essay On Physicalism? Evidently, all these activities outside of work were what actually mattered to him. If the job market is set to remain as unpredictable and insecure as we’re watching it become, then putting all our emotional stock in our work life will become increasingly unsatisfying. Of course, none of this is meant to dismiss the grave issue of vonnegut fiction, unemployment and underemployment that’s affecting so many today. But reading Cubed , and essay on physicalism seeing people from 20, 50, and 100 years ago suffering the same workplace woes that we face today, should make us consider trying to change the story we tell: to remove work as the paragon of our day-to-day life. Hazlitt On The Periodic Essayists? The fact of the matter is much like Lester Freamon put it in essay, The Wire : “The job will not save you.” To which I might add: Certainly not in this economy. Correction, April 10, 2014: This article incorrectly stated the law essay uk date of on physicalism, a Walt Whitman description of office workers. It was written circa 1856, not 1936. Slate is published by The Slate Group, a Graham Holdings Company. Vonnegut Fiction? All contents 2017 The Slate Group LLC.
All rights reserved.
Buy Affordable Papers Online - Phil paper about Nagel on physicalism – Work and Workings… - Kenyon College
Dec 19, 2017 Essay on physicalism,
coo resume Recipe compliments of Judy Gopaul, via email -- thanks Judy! 1 medium cabbage. 1 lb boneless chicken. 1 clove of garlic. 1 medium onion sliced. 1 medium tomato chopped. 1 blade of shallot chopped. 1 tbsp tomato paste. Clean and cut up the chicken and seasoned it with your favorite seasonings and on physicalism let it sit for 15 minutes.
In skillet brown chicken add onions, garlic, tomatoes, pepper and shallot. Cook for 5 minutes then add cabbage, salt to law essay help, taste. Cook until tender, about essay, 20 minutes then add tomato paste and cook for another 5 minutes. Serve with rice or roti. 2 bunches spinach. 6 ochroes (okra), cut in quarters. 4 oz coconut milk or cream. Heat the oil in a fairly large pot until hot. Add crab claws and fry for 3 mins.
Remove and set aside. Add the dasheen bush and ochroes to the pot and stir to coat with oil. I Stand Ironing! Fry for 1 min. Add salt, coconut and 8 cups of water and stir. Cover the pot and let it come to a boil then cook on essay med-low heat. Add the pepper by gently pushing it under with a spoon, taking care not to burst the pepper when stirring. Cook for 20 mins and drink 2 shots of Vat 19 rum. Remove the pepper.
Swizzle and law essay uk blend the callaloo until fairly thick and like a soup. Put the crab back into the pot and let simmer for 15 mins. Turn off the stove and you are all done. Serve with rice, stew chicken or beef , some provisions, salad etc. 1 lb beef stew meat, cubed. ? lb tripe (may substitute chicken) 1 med onion, peeled and chopped. 2 garlic cloves, peeled and chopped.
? tsp chopped fresh habañero pepper (or more to taste) 5 oz can coconut milk. ? cups chopped red bell pepper, for garnish. Put the pig's tail in a pot and cover with water. Bring to a boil, and continue to boil for essay, 1 hour. Drain and set aside. Law Essay Uk! Brown the beef in oil, then add tripe and water. Bring to a boil, reduce the heat and cook at a gentle boil for about 1 hour. Add pig's tail and cook until the liquid has reduced to about 3 cups. Cut the tripe into pieces, and cut the meat from pig's foot; return the meats to pot.
Add onion, garlic, taro leaves, habañero pepper, coconut milk and on physicalism salt and pepper to taste. Simmer for 10 minutes. Add rice. Spm Essay Writing Story! Cover the pot, reduce the heat and simmer for about 30 minutes, until mixture looks nice and green. Garnish with chopped red pepper. Indra Geer-Hazell suggests that one derivative of this recipe could be the addition a pound of either pigeon peas or black-eye peas, soaked overnight, and added to the pot with the rice. Indra suggests that canned black-eye peas should be avoided. On Physicalism! Thanks Indra. Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr. Writing Story! Odeen Ishmael. 1 tbsp baking powder.
Vegetable oil for deep frying. Heat margarine and saute onion and tomato. Essay! Add callaloo and steam for 5-10 minutes. Cool and set aside. Sift flour, measure, and college sift again with baking powder and on physicalism salt. Beat egg and add to cooled callaloo. Combine egg and callaloo with flour mixture. Heat frying pan and add oil to a depth of on the periodic essayists, half of an inch.
Drop with tablespoon in hot oil and fry. Serve hot. 2 oz salt beef or pork. 4 tbsp oil or 2 tbsp margarine. Wash and soak the salt fish for 1 hour. Discard the water and, with fresh water, boil until tender. Chop the onion, garlic and seasoning coarsely. Cut up the salt beef and bacon. Wash the shrimp or prawns, and shred the salt fish. Wash the callaloo leaves.
Heat the oil, fry garlic and onion for 3 minutes, then add the salt beef and fry for about 5 more minutes. Add the essay on physicalism, other ingredients, except the callaloo and spm essay writing story fry for another 10 minutes. Add the callaloo and pepper, stirring briskly for 3 - 4 minutes. A little more oil can be added if necessary. Serve hot with rice, or pile up on biscuits. 1 pint boiling water. Soak and cut up the pickled meat. Scald the essay on physicalism, crabs to kill them, then scrub them well.
Strip the stalks and midribs from the dasheen leaves, then wash and roll them. Wash and cut up the ochroes, eschallot, celery and garlic. Put all ingredients except the butter in a large saucepan. Pour on the boiling water and let simmer until everything is soft -- about ? to ? hour. Vonnegut Science! Remove the crabs, swizzle thoroughly, add butter and reheat. If desired, remove the flesh from the essay on physicalism, crabs and add to law essay help, the callaloo before serving. Serve with plantain or yam foo-foo. Thoroughly wash, then halve the fruit and remove the pulp. Boil the fruit for about 1 hour or until tender. Note: grapefruit needs several changes of water . Use the last water in essay on physicalism, which the ironing essays, peel has been boiled to make the syrup: 1 pt water to on physicalism, 1 lb sugar, with colouring to be added if desired. Dissolve the sugar in the water over a low heat, then bring to a boil.
Put the writing story, peel in an earthenware bowl or glass jar, and pour the syrup over while still hot. Leave for 2 days. Drain off the syrup, dissolve another 8 oz sugar in it and simmer the peel in syrup until semi-transparent. The peel can be left in this thick syrup for essay, 2 - 3 weeks. Drain off the syrup and place the peel on a rack to dry. Store in screw-topped jars.
1 oz cooking butter or margarine. Boil the sweet potatoes in salted water and allow them to cool when cooked. Scoop the cooked potatoes into balls, and arrange in one layer in a greased shallow baking dish. Make a syrup with the sugar and water. Pour the syrup over the potatoes.
Bake uncovered in a moderate oven until most of the syrup has been absorbed by the potatoes (about 30 minutes). Baste often during cooking. Serve hot. Note: Sweet potatoes may also be left sliced. Drop of vanilla essence. Make the caramel by essay science melting the sugar in water, heating to boiling, and essay taking care to ensure that the caramel does not become too brown. Pour into a greased ring mould. Add the vanilla essence to the milk and heat. Kurt Vonnegut Science! Beat the eggs and on physicalism sugar together, and pour heated milk onto ironing essays, the egg mixture.
Stir. Strain into the mould, and essay on physicalism then stand the mould in a container of water. Bake in a moderate oven until set. The mixture should be quite solid and not watery. Remove from the oven, cool then refrigerate for about 3 hours. When the mould is quite cold, turn it onto a glass serving dish. Mix the cream with the chopped nuts and fill the centre. Decorate with orange wedges.
Juice of 3 limes. 6 cloves garlic, chopped. 1? tsps ground black pepper. 1 tsp Fiery 911 Scotch Bonnet Hot Sauce. 1? tbsp cilantro. 3 pounds boneless chicken breast. Combine the oil, juice, and seasonings. Place the chicken in a glass or ceramic dish, pour the marinade over the chicken, and cover.
Marinate in the refrigerator for 2 to 3 hours. Grill the breasts for about 12 minutes on each side. Thanks to Rita Prashad in Guyana for this recipe! 4 eggs, slightly beaten with essence. 2 tsp spice (cinnamon or allspice) 1? cup corn or vegetable oil. A little baking powder.
Scrape, wash and grate carrot, and put in a large mixing bowl. Add sugar, spice, salt, eggs, oil and flour with baking powder. Put in greased cake pan. Bake for 30 minutes in a medium oven, or until side loosens from the edge of the pan. Thanks to Arnold Shiwnarain we have this alternative recipe . 1 cup vegetable oil. 1? cups crushed pineapple. 1 tsp baking powder. 1 tsp baking soda. 4 tsp ground cinnamon.
See above recipe for first two steps. In 12 greased baking pan bake in medium oven for essayshark review, 1? hr or until done. Note: Pumkin can be substituted for carrot. Peel the cassava with a sharp paring knife or vegetable peeler. Finely grate the cassava. Place the cassava into a bowl lined with a double-thickness of dampened cheese cloth. Bring the ends of the cheese cloth together to enclose the pulp, and wring the cloth vigorously to extract the cassava juice into the bowl.
Transfer the juice to a heavy skillet. Stirring constantly, cook over moderate heat for about 1 minute, until the cassareep is smooth and thick enough to hold its shape almost solidly in the spoon. Makes about ? cup. Note: The amount of liquid in the cassava may vary, depending on the age and quality of the roots available. Older roots (dark flecks or spots of mould in the flesh of the cassava) will yield little if any juice. Flat, white, round biscuit-like bread made by Amerindians in essay, Guyana. Peel, wash and grate the cassava. Squeeze out as much of the help uk, juice as possible, using either a matapee or by wringing in a towel. The juice can be used for making cassareep. Leave in lumps and allow to essay, dry slightly in open air.
Pound, sift and add salt. Heat a griddle and a metal hoop of the size of essayshark, cake required. Put enough of the cassava meal to a depth of about 1/8 - ? inch in the hoop. Cook until set, using moderate heat. Remove the essay on physicalism, hoop, level the surface and press firmly. Turn onto the other side and cook. When cooked through, remove the cake and sun-dry until crisp. Note: Cassava bread may be lightly toasted and butter spread on one side for a delicious snack. Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr. Uk! Odeen Ishmael. 2 teaspoons salt.
Mix the salt and the cassava. Take one cupful at a time, place the essay, meal in a string cloth and wring out juice. Crumble the meal and rub through a fine sieve. Put a flat baking iron (or griddle) on an evenly glowing fire and college ready sprinkle a little cassava meal on it. (When the meal browns, the iron is hot enough). Brush off the meal an place tin rings on the baking iron. Spread a thin layer of essay on physicalism, meal in each ring. As soon as the steam rises, shake and remove the ring. College! When the bread is firm enough, turn with a knife.
Turn frequently until the bread is dry and stiff. (Bread can be stored in a tin container). Before serving, toast and butter or spread with melted butter and brown lightly in a quick oven. Recipe compliments of A Taste of on physicalism, Guyana - Dr. Odeen Ishmael. ? lb mixed pickled meat. 1 tomato and onion. Wash and simmer bones for one and a half hours. Writing Story! Clean and cut up meat. Peel and essay on physicalism wash cassava. Add meat and review cassava to essay on physicalism, stock.
Simmer until cassava is soft, remove, and pound it. Prepare seasonings and lightly fry them with shrimps. I Stand Here! Add seasonings, shrimps, and cassava to soup and boil until thick. Serve with foo-foo (pounded plantain). Note: Pieces of fried salt fish may be used in place of on physicalism, shrimps.
Thanks to Colin Chikako Virtue for law essay uk, this delightful recipe! 1 cup sugar (granulated sugar or golden brown sugar) ? cup raisins (can be substituted with rum raisins) Preheat oven to 350°F. Beat the essay, eggs until they turn a pale yellow color. Add sugar and salt. Keep beating until the college, mixture is smooth. Combine the grated cassava, the essay, egg mixture, raisins, and the coconut milk in review, a bowl. Mix well.
Pour this batter into a round, non-stick 9 inch cake pan (or 9x13 inch cake pan) and bake for 1 hour. Brush the top of the cake with the coconut cream and bake another 10 minutes. The top of the cake should be a nice golden brown color. If it is not, place cake pan under broiler for a minute or so. Let the cake cool and serve at the room temperature. Pone is a very heavy, solid, moist cake-like dessert. 1 small dried coconut.
2 tbsp butter or margarine. ? tsp spice and black pepper. Peel, wash, grate and mix the cassava and coconut together. On Physicalism! Work in the butter with a fork. Add the other ingredients and enough water to bind stiffly. Put the mixture into a greased dripping pan, where it should be about 1 inch thick. Bake in a moderate oven until crisp and brown on top. Cut into 1? to hazlitt, 2 inch squares before serving. Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr. Odeen Ishmael. ? tsp ground nutmeg.
? tsp ground cinnamon. 2 tbsp shortening. Pre-heat oven to 350°F. Peel, wash and essay on physicalism grate cassava. Grate the coconut meat. Mix all ingredients with enough water to make a stiff dough.
Spread in a well-greased shallow baking dish. Bake until brown, about 90 minutes. 2 tbsp margarine. White pepper and salt to taste. 1 tsp baking powder. Boil the cassava, and while hot, crush until smooth. Add lightly beaten egg, margarine, pepper, salt and baking powder.
Mix thoroughly. Form into small balls and coat with flour. Fry in hot oil until brown. Drain and serve. Note: The same method can be used for eddoes, tannias and hard yams. Chopped cooked meat, well seasoned, may be used as a stuffing before frying. Much thanks to Stanley Evadne Duff for this great recipe! 1 lb ground meat or minced fish. Boil, then crush and strain the hazlitt on the periodic, cassava. Season the ground meat or minced fish and saute. Add egg, salt, black-pepper, scallions and celery to crushed cassava and mix thoroughly.
In portions, flatten the crushed cassava in your hands and fill with the cooked meat or fish. Form into balls with the meat or fish in the center, covered with the cassava mixture. Essay! Heat the oil and fry the balls until golden brown. 1 carrot grated. 4 large tomatoes. 1 tbsp chopped parsley. Bacon rolls, optional. Peel the kurt essay, skin from the essay on physicalism, tongues and uk remove bones. Slice. Heat the fat (drippings or lard). Fry the sliced onions until golden brown and place in a casserole dish.
Add the sliced tongues, grated carrot, skinned and sliced tomatoes, parsley and seasoning and just enough stock to cover. Put into a fairly hot oven (375°F) and cook for ? hour. Essay On Physicalism! Grilled or baked bacon rolls may be used to garnish. 6 oz grated cheese. Line a flan ring with the pastry by spreading with a round of grease proof paper, sprinkle with rice, and bake 'blind'. Mix the grated cheese, egg, flour and enough milk to hazlitt on the periodic essayists, make a soft paste. Season and spread this over the pastry.
Skin and slice the tomatoes, place them over the cheese mixture, dab with butter and sprinkle with salt and pepper. Bake in a moderate oven for 20 - 30 minutes. (Note - Special thanks to Joy Williams of essay, Bermuda for her improvement of this recipe) 2 tsp pepper powder (or you can substitute 2 tsp pepper saucce and spm essay story some mustard) to taste. 5? oz margarine or lard. Cumin powder for essay, flavor. 1/3 cup ice water. Grate the cheese, then mix the cumin seeds and ready essay pepper powder with the cheese. In a bowl put the flour and margarine and prepare dough, using the essay, ice water to mix. Make the college, dough into 15-20 balls, then roll the balls into rounds. Onto the circle sprinkle the grated cheese and essay roll it.
Bake the rolls in an oven for 20 minutes at 275°F. Take the cheese rolls from the oven and apply the beaten egg on top of the rolls and resume baking until finished. Add cheese to white sauce when hot. Stir in thoroughly over moderate heat. ? tsp cream of tartar, or 1 tsp baking powder. ? tsp bicarbonate of soda. 2 oz grated cheese. ? tsp dry mustard. Sieve the flour, bicarbonate of soda and cream of tartar, together. Rub in the margarine. Add the cheese, salt, pepper and mustard, and mix to a soft dough using the milk.
Turn onto a floured board, knead lightly to remove any cracks, and roll or pat into a round about ? to ? inch thick. Cut into triangles, place on a greased baking sheet and here glaze with beaten egg or milk. Bake in a hot oven for 10 minutes at 450°F. 1? tsp dry mustard. 1 tsp grated onion. ? tsp cream of tartar. Place a band of aluminum foil along the essay on physicalism, sides of college ready essay, a 2 quart souffle dish, extending 2 inches above the rim. Essay! Grease the dish well. Heat the milk in a double saucepan to just below a boiling point (about 2 minutes). To the milk, add the cheese, salt, mustard and onion, and stir until the cheese melts (about 1 - 2 minutes longer). Separately, beat the egg yolks and blend the flour in.
Add a small amount of hot cheese sauce to egg yolks. Mix well. Vonnegut Science Fiction! Slowly add the egg yolk mixture to cheese sauce. Cook over water until the essay on physicalism, sauce thickens, stirring constantly. Review! Beat the egg whites with cream of on physicalism, tartar until the whites are stiff. Gently fold the essayshark review, cheese mixture into on physicalism, the egg whites, then pour into the souffle dish. Place the dish in a pan of hot water and bake in a moderate oven (350°F) for about 50 minutes. Remove the foil and bake 10 minutes longer until golden brown. Serve at once. 8 oz (2 cups) grated cheese.
? tsp pepper, optional. 2 eggs, separate yolks from white. Rub the hazlitt on the, butter into the flour. Add the grated cheese, salt, pepper and mustard and mix thoroughly. Essay! Add beaten egg yolks and cold water to i stand ironing essays, make a stiff dough.
Roll out about ? in thick. Cut into strips 2? in x ? in and twist like twittlers or make into any variety of shapes desired. Essay! Place the straws on a baking sheet and bake at 400°F for about 15 minutes, or until golden brown. 1? tbsp margarine. Dash of Worcestershire sauce. Boil and crush the yams. Make a white sauce with 2? oz cheese, margarine, flour, salt and pepper, and spm essay story mix in the crushed yams. Put into a greased pyrex dish and arrange slices of hard boiled egg on top. Sprinkle with grated cheese and bake in essay, a moderate oven until golden brown. 5 cups bread crumbs.
1 cup dried fruit. 1 tsp spice or ground cinnamon. 2 tsp baking powder. 1 tsp grated lemon rind. Milk or water to mix. 1 cup coconut, grated, if desired.
Make the pastry and divide into 2 portions, one slightly larger than the other. Line the inside of a square 9 x 2 x 1? inch baking pan with the larger pastry portion. Mix all the i stand here ironing, other ingredients into a dropping consistency. Add the caramel to give a light brown colour. Pour into the lined baking pan ad cover with the rest of the essay, pastry. Here Ironing Essays! Brush with egg, prick and bake in a moderate oven for about 1 hour.
Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr. Odeen Ishmael. 1 head garlic, cloves peeled and crushed. ? tablespoon crushed cayenne pepper. 6 skinless chicken breast halves with bones. Cooked white rice.
In a large saucepan combine vinegar, garlic, pepper, bay leaves and soya sauce. Add the essay on physicalism, chicken; marinate for science, 20 to 30 minutes. Cover, bring to essay on physicalism, a boil and essayshark review simmer for 45 minutes. Serve over rice. This recipe comes via email from Ramnauth Sookraj, who says, I make a version of chicken foot which is wildly popular with both the kids and adults at our Friday evening satsangs here in Kingston . Thanks Ram!
? lb split pea flour (optional) 2-3 tbs curry powder. 2 cloves garlic. 2 tsp baking powder. Water for mixing. Oil for deep frying. Sift flour into mixing bowl.
Add baking powder, salt and jeera. Grind onion, garlic and pepper into a paste. Mix with curry powder and a little water. Add to flour mixture and mix well. Gradually add water and knead into essay on physicalism, a stiff dough.
Divide into tennis-roll sized balls. Ready! Roll out very thinly onto floured board. Cut into very thin strips (approx 1/8 inch wide). Deep fry until crisp and golden brown. Serve with your favourite sour.
Enjoy. Chicken Breasts with Vinegar Sauce. Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr. Odeen Ishmael. Salt and pepper to taste. 1 tbsp vegetable oil. ? cup chopped onions. ? cup wine vinegar. 1 tbsp cornstarch dissolved in 1 tablespoon of water.
Season the chicken with salt and pepper. Heat the oil in a skillet and add the butter. Add the chicken and brown on essay on physicalism one side, then turn it over and reduce the heat. Cover and cook for about 10 minutes. Remove the chicken to a serving platter and keep warm. Add the onions to the pan and periodic cook about essay on physicalism, 1 minute. Add the vinegar, bring to a boil, reduce heat, and cook for 2 minutes.
Add the essayshark review, dissolved cornstarch, stir, allow the sauce to thicken slightly and spoon over the chicken breasts. Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr. Odeen Ishmael. 4 medium potatoes, peeled and halved. 1 small hot pepper. 2 medium onions. 2 tbsp ground curry powder. 1 piece cannamon stick. Grind garlic, one onion, and pepper Heat oil in stew pan. Add mixture of ground garlic, pepper and onion, garam massala and curry powder.
Allow to fry on slow heat for about 3 to 4 minutes. Essay! Add chicken and review potatotes and salt to taste. Add cinnamon stick. Cook on slow heat for 15 to 20 minutes. Add one cup of on physicalism, water and sprinkle one chipped onion. Bring to boil for about 20 minutes until potatoes are fully cooked. Note: Curried beef or lamb may be prepared in law essay uk, a similar manner. Bhunjal chicken is basically the dried down version of curry. When you fry the chicken in the curry paste, let it cook in its own liquid. In other words, cover the pot and essay on physicalism let it sweat. Then when the water starts to dry out take off the cover.
It is important to use lots of oil to do this. After cooking skim the ironing, oil off. 3 tbsp thyme, chopped. 2 cups biscuit crumbs. 2 tbsp margarine. Cook the breadnuts in on physicalism, a small amount of water and crush them when they become soft. Law Essay! Add the seasonings, biscuit crumbs, chopped bacon, and beaten egg. Mix together. Wash the chicken with lemon, then rub with piquante sauce, salt and pepper. Stuff the bird with the breadnut mixture and sew up the cavity. Brush with melted margarine.
Melt a little fat in the bottom of a casserole dish or baking pan. When hot, put the chicken in and pour wine around it. Cover with casserole lid or tin foil, and bake in a hot oven basting often until tender. Serve the chicken on a dish, garnished with parsley and watercress. Serve gravy separately. Finely chop the chicken meat, then mix the chicken, white sauce, beaten eggs, salt and essay on physicalism pepper together. Pour into a well greased mould and bake in a moderate oven 350°F for 30 - 35 minutes.
Unmould onto a platter and garnish with greens and tomatoes. Serve with Peanut and Vegetable Sauce. Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr. Odeen Ishmael. 1 cup of washed rice. 1 lb chopped onion. 1 lb tomatoes, mashed. ? tsp hot pepper, chipped. 2 cups of chicken broth. Into a large pot, put the spm essay writing, margarine, and when it is hot but not smoking, add the chopped onion. Simmer over low heat for 10 minutes.
Add the essay, mashed tomatoes, salt, sugar, thyme and pepper. Simmer down until sauce is thick. Add the chicken to the sauce and stir well. Simmer for 20 minutes. Add chicken broth and rice. Cover and simmer over hazlitt on the periodic essayists the lowest heat. Stir once. Note: Shrimp pilau is made the same way; just substitute 2 pounds of clean, raw shrimp and cook until the rice is fluffy - about 40 minutes. 1 lb parched peanuts, finely chopped. 10 oz spinach leaves.
Salt and pepper (white) Cut the chicken into pieces and season. Essay! Clean the law essay, spinach and cook in boiling salted water for about three minutes. Drain the spinach and chop finely. saute the onion in some oil and lightly fry the chicken pieces. Add stock and essay on physicalism cover, allowing to cook thoroughly. Add the celery, eschallot, chopped spinach and peanuts, and cook for a further 5 minutes. Remove from the heat and help uk serve with yam foo-foo. Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr. Odeen Ishmael. 4 tbsp cooking oil.
4 tbsp cooking oil. Boil black-eye peas until soft and sift through and fine sieve. Strain through a muslin to get all the black-eye flour. Fry the black-eye flour in four tablespoons oil adding four tablespoons sugar. Cook for essay on physicalism, about 20 minutes on slow heat until dry. Remove from review heat and put to cool. First Dough: Mix flour, oil, and sugar together with a little bit of water to make a bread dough. Second Dough: Mix flour and lard together (do not add any water to this mixture). Make 15 pieces out of each dough (30 pieces in all).
Fill second dough into first dough. Roll and fold into a square. Roll again and fill with black-eye. Baste with egg or milk and bake 10 to 15 minutes in a moderate oven. 1 can evaporated milk, or. 1 can condensed milk diluted with an equal amount of water. 2 - 3 tbsp cocoa powder, sifted and added to the sugar. 1 tsp vanilla essence. Melt the margarine in a pot (not enamel). Add the sugar, cocoa mixture and milk, and place on essay a moderate heat. Stir constantly until the sugar is melted, taking care to ready, ensure that the sugar melts before the mixture boils.
Boil for about ? hour, stirring occasionally. Test the mixture by dropping a little cold water in essay, it -- at this stage it should form a soft ball. Add the essence. Remove from the heat and beat well until the mixture thickens and begins to leave the uk, side of the essay on physicalism, pan. Law Essay! Pour into a greased swiss roll pan, and when cool but not hard, cut into squares.
? lb raw ham or ham scraps. 2 tbsp shee yow (soya sauce) 1 tsp black pepper. 2 medium onions. 1 oz dried mushrooms, cut finely, if desired. Cut the pork and ham into small pieces and season with shee yow, spice, salt and black pepper. Cut all the vegetables into very small pieces.
Boil the noodles in salted water for 5 - 7 minutes, strain and pour cold water through to loosen the noodles. Beat the eggs. Make a thin omelette and shred into essay, ? inch strips. Heat the oil and fry the meat until tender. Add all other vegetables and fry for about 5 minutes. Add the essayshark review, noodles and fry for a further 5 minutes. Add vetsin.
Pile onto a dish, and garnish with stripped omelette, and sprinkle chopped eschallot. Note: Chicken may be used instead of pork. Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr. Essay! Odeen Ishmael. Cut meat into college essay, small pieces and season with seasoning powder, soy sauce, salt and black pepper.
Boil noodles in essay on physicalism, salted water for 5 to i stand essays, 7 minutes. Drain boiled noodles. Pour cold water through to loosen noodles. Beat eggs. Make a thin omelet and shred into quarter-inch strips. Heat oil and on physicalism fry meat until tender. Add all vegetables and fry for hazlitt on the periodic, about 5 minutes. Add noodles and fry for a further 5 minutes. Add vetsin and chopped garlic.
Pile into dish. On Physicalism! Garnish with stripped omelet, and sprinkle with chopped shallot. Thanks to Roxanne Vanier for this great recipe! 1 level teaspoon baking powder. ? of large grated coconut.
Cream margarine sugar. Beat in eggs singly with essence. Add flour baking powder mix. Add grated coconut mix to a soft dropping consistency. Place in review, baking pan.
Get fork spread dough into thin flat cookie shape. Bake at 425°F (Hot Oven) Tip: You can add currants before you bake it for a nice accent. Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr. Odeen Ishmael. ? cup coconut water. 1 small grated coconut.
1 tsp vanilla extract. 3 tsp baking powder. 6 oz local dried fruit (or raisins) Sift dry ingredients. On Physicalism! Add sugar, then beaten egg with milk, melted shortening, and extract. Stir in grated coconut, dried fruits, (floured if used). Blend ingredients well. Knead slightly on floured board. Shape into loaves and put in greased loaf pan two thirds full. Kurt Vonnegut Fiction! Dust with fine sugar.
Bake in moderate oven. Note: This makes 2 loaves. 2 level tsp baking powder. ? large peeled coconut, grated. ? tsp almond essence.
Cream the margarine and sugar together then beat in the eggs singly, with the essence. Cut in the flour and baking powder. Add grated coconut and mix to a soft dropping consistency. Put into queen cake pans and bake in a hot oven 425°F for 20 - 30 minutes. Line the pan with pastry. Mix the milk and water together and, separately, beat the eggs and sugar together. Pour the eggs and sugar mixture into on physicalism, the milk, and add essence and coconut.
Pour everything into spm essay writing story, pastry shell, and bake in a moderate oven for 1 hour. Serves 4. 2 oz melted margarine. 2 oz icing sugar. 2 tbsp warm water. Place the grated coconut in a bowl, and add the egg yolks, melted margarine, sugar and essence. Beat thoroughly until the mixture is smooth.
Make the pastry (see the method for Rich Short Crust Pastry), and cover an 8 inch pie plate. Place the coconut mixture onto on physicalism, the pastry-lined plate, and bake in a moderate oven (300°F) for about 1 hour until mixture is set. Blend icing sugar and warm water. Spread over the cake when it is cold. 2 tsp dalia or channa dhaal. 2 - 3 green chili. Lemon juice to college ready essay, taste. Fry the channa dhaal or dalia, if used. Blend or otherwise grind all the ingredients together.
Note: It's also possible to use yogurt, in which case the lemon juice may be left out. Or used. Anything goes, apparently. Spice and cloves. 2 egg shells, crushed. 1 egg white, whisked. Grate the coconut and completely extract the coconut milk. Essay On Physicalism! Set aside all the ingredients in a jar for 3 days. Strain and bottle off.
1 cup peeled and grated coconut. ? tsp almond essence. Boil the sugar and essay water together until it spins a thread. Add the grated coconut and stir until the mixture thickens, then add essence. Remove from the fire and beat lightly until it looks grainy. Pour half into a greased pan. Essay On Physicalism! Colour the remainder and quickly pour over the first half. When cool but not hard, cut into blocks.
Note: Although called Coconut Ice, this dessert is not frozen, but is served at room temperature. Of course it can be refrigerated if desired. 1 tsp almond essence. 2 oz custard powder. Heat 1? pints of milk, pour it over the grated coconut and leave to stand for 5 minutes. I Stand Here Essays! Squeeze the milk/coconut mixture thoroughly to extract the essay, flavour and then strain out the gratings (cous-cous). Blend the custard powder with 4 tablespoons plain milk. Heat the remaining 2? pints of milk in a saucepan. Remove from the heat and add the custard powder, blending well.
Return to the pan on heat and review stir constantly until the mixture thickens. Remove from the essay on physicalism, heat. Whisk the eggs lightly with sugar, add the essence, pour the i stand here ironing, hot custard in essay on physicalism, and whisk well. Add the coconut milk and story mix well. Cool and freeze as usual. Note: Milk which has been flavoured with coconut should not be heated. Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr. Odeen Ishmael. 1 tin evaporated milk. 1 tin condensed milk or two pints boiled cow's milk. 2 cups sugar if fresh milk is on physicalism, used.
Peel and grate coconut, and to i stand essays, it, add one and a half pints of water. Mix well to extract milk, then strain through a fine cloth or sieve. Heat the milk, thickening, and sugar together. Add the coconut milk. Keep pouring this backwards and forward from on physicalism one vessel to another until cool, emulsifying the globules of fat from the coconut and making the mixture more appetizing and digestible. Strain, then place in freezer. 1 large tin evaporated milk. Add ? pt of water to the grated coconut, squeeze to extract the milk and strain to remove cous-cous. Add undiluted evaporated milk and sweeten to taste.
Dissolve the gelatine thoroughly in 2 tablespoons hot water then stir into milk mixture. Colour if desired. Pour either into 1 large glass bowl or into individual bowls, and refrigerate until set. Decorate with fruit or coloured grated coconut. 2 tbsp gelatine diluted in hot water. Dissolve the gelatine in as small an amount of hot water as possible. Mix all the ready, ingredients together thoroughly. Churn in an ice cream freezer and serve immediately. Thanks for this recipe to essay on physicalism, Simone Foster, a Guyanese living in the British Virgin Islands. ? 1b fat (2/3 margarine; 1/3 lard)
2 tsp baking powder. 1 coconut (peeled grated) Cook coconut, sugar and water until mixture thickens. Set aside to cool. Beat fat and sugar until light. I Stand Here Ironing! Sift flour and baking powder. On Physicalism! Beat eggs, salt, milk and vanilla together. Add flour and liquid alternately until a soft dough is formed. Put together with fingers to a smooth roll. Turn out on to a floured board and roll with floured rolling pin about ?” thick. Line 2 pie plates and spread cooled coconut filling over pastry.
Decorate top with pastry strips as desired. Bake at 350 degrees. Law Essay Uk! Note: the filling can also be pineapple, guava or guavaberry (a fruit native to the BVI). Thoroughly chill the water from the essay, green coconuts, together with the soft coconut jelly. Flavour with gin to taste.
1 tsp black pepper. 1 grated coconut. 4 oz dried fruit. Grate the coconut and pumpkin, and add all the other ingredients. Stir in enough water to make a mixture of dropping consistency. Wipe the banana leaves clean and heat them to make them pliable. Cut them into essayshark review, 8 x 8 inch squares, and wrap around lumps of filling, tying the bundles with the twine. Essay! Place in boiling water and boil for spm essay writing story, about 20 - 30 minutes. Note: If banana leaves are not available, mixture may be steamed in a greased bowl instead. Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr.
Odeen Ishmael. 1 oz margarine or shortening. 2 very ripe bananas, mashed into pulp. 1 grated coconut. 4 oz dried fruit. ? tsp almond essence. Twine for tying.
Grate coconut and pumpkin, and put in a bowl. Add all other ingredients. Stir in enough water to make a mixture of dropping consistency. Wipe banana leaves and heatthem to make them pliable. Cut into pieces about 8 x 8. Place about two tablespoons of essay on physicalism, mixture on each piece, roll up, fold over, and tie with twine. Place in law essay help, boiling water and boil for about 20 to 30 minutes.
Note: Mixture may be steamed in a greased bowl if banana leaves are not available. 1 tbsp butter or margarine. 1 pce of cooked salt beef. Slice the ochroes. Cut the essay, salt beef into i stand here essays, small pieces, add sliced ochroes and one cup of water and cook until soft.
Swizzle. Mix the cornmeal with one cup of essay on physicalism, cold water, and stir into a boiling liquid. Cook until thick and smooth, beating all the time. If desired, turn into a greased mould. Note: Coo-coo us usually served with fried fish or fish stew. ? lb salt meat, if desired. 1 lb (2 cups) rice. 2 - 3 blades chives. Thyme and essayshark review parsley.
? tsp salt--more if no salt meat is used. 2 tbsp oil or drippings. 1 heaped tsp brown sugar. Wash and soak the salt meat and prepare the seasonings. Heat the oil, add the sugar, and fry until it bubbles. Add the seasonings, fry till golden brown. Cut the essay on physicalism, salt meat into neat pieces, and add to seasonings with water, rice, and salt. Put to boil. Remove the skin and bones from the cooked meat, cut into neat pieces, and add to the rice when it is nearly cooked. If desired, add a dollop or two of butter before dishing up.
Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr. College Essay! Odeen Ishmael. 1 lb black eye peas. 1 onion (chipped) 2 cloves garlic (chipped) 2 tbsp soya sauce. 1? cups of water. 1 tbsp cooking oil.
Salt and hot pepper to taste. 1 chicken bullion cube. Sprinkle of black-pepper. Soak black eye peas overnight. Grate coconut; add water to grated coconut. Squeeze grated coconut in the water. Strain the mixture, and pour the white liquid (coconut milk) in cooking pot. Cut up the on physicalism, chicken and season it with salt, black-pepper and soy sauce. Review! Fry chicken for about 5 minutes in oil.
Wash rice and add to the pot with coconut milk. Add soaked black eye peas. Add fried chicken. Add bullion cube, thyme, onion, garlic and whole okras. Add salt and pepper to taste. Cover pot and cook with medium heat for on physicalism, about 40 minutes until rice is soft and liquid is absorbed.
Garnish with chipped shallot blades. Note: Cook-up rice can also include a variety of other ingredients. These include green leaf vegetables (callaloo), cabbage, salt-beef, beef or any other meat, fish and shrimp. It must be noted, too, that cook-up can be prepared cooked in a pressure cooker for college, 10 minutes. 4 tsp baking powder. ? cup oil, or melted shortening. Combine the on physicalism, flour, sugar, baking powder, salt and cornmeal. Mix well then make a well in the centre.
Separately, combine the review, egg, milk and oil or melted shortening, then pour into the well in the dry ingredients. Mix together well. Pour into a greased 8 inch square pan and bake for essay on physicalism, 25 - 30 minutes at 375°F. Cut into squares when done. Alternatively, the essayshark, mixture could be poured into bun/muffin pans and baked for on physicalism, 15 minutes. Hazlitt Essayists! Makes 16. Note: Ham Corn Bread is a variation of this recipe in which ? cup finely chopped ham is added to the batter. Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr. Odeen Ishmael.
4 oz sifted flour. 2 tsp baking powder. 4 tbsp melted shortening. Sift together corn meal, flour, baking powder, sugar and salt. Beat egg and add with milk. Melt and on physicalism cool shortening, add to help uk, mixture and beat well. Pour into a greased pan. Bake in a hot oven for about 25 minutes.
Test with a skewer or knife when golden brown and firm. Cut into slices when cold. Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr. Odeen Ishmael. 1 large onion, sliced. 4 large potatoes, cubed. 6 large soda biscuits (crackers) 2 cups of corn kernels. 1 tomato, sliced.
1 sweet pepper, sliced. Cut chicken breast in slices, and fry until crisp and lightly browned. Essay On Physicalism! Add potatoes and water. Cook until potatoes are tender. Crumble biscuits into a large bowl. Add milk to biscuits and spm essay story leave to soak. Add soaked biscuits and milk and corn to cooked potatoes and essay chicken. Add salt and paprika. Bring mixture to a boil and add tomato and pepper.
Remove from heat and serve. 1 small strip of lemon rind, or. A few drops of vanilla essence. 1 oz castor sugar. Infuse ? pint of milk with lemon rind or essence, and heat. Remove rind if used. Mix the cornflour into a smooth paste using ? pt cold milk. Strain the heated milk onto the cornflour, stirring well. Return the mixture to the pan, bring to boiling point then cook for an additional 2 minutes, stirring constantly. Remove from the heat and add the sugar. Pour the essayshark, mixture into a wet mould and on physicalism put aside to set.
When set, turn onto a dish and serve with jam, stewed fruit or custard sauce. 2 cups corn kernels, boiled or canned. ? tsp black pepper. 2 tsp baking powder. 1 tbsp melted butter or margarine. Beat the eggs and gradually stir in the flour and milk. Add all the other ingredients except the baking powder and beat well. College Ready Essay! Finally, stir in the baking powder. Fry spoonfuls of the mixture in smoking hot oil, and drain on essay on physicalism absorbent paper. Serve immediately. 1 cup milk, approximately.
1? tsp baking powder. 1 tsp grated lime rind. Cream the butter or margarine and sugar. Add the beaten egg and then the milk. Sift the vonnegut essay science fiction, dry ingredients together and add to the mixture, along with the lemon rind and salt. Stir well until smooth, and then half-fill well greased-muffin pans. Bake in a hot oven until golden brown.
When finished, split open while hot and smear with jam or jelly. Note: Table butter, margarine, cheese or ham may be used if preferred. 1 oz (2 tbsp) margarine or butter. 1 oz (2 tbsp lard) 3 tsp baking powder. Seasoning to taste. Clean and season the meat, then brown it using the pork fat. Cover and stew over a slow heat for essay on physicalism, half and story hour, then mince or chop finely. Prepare the cornmeal mixture: Sift the flour, salt, baking powder and cornmeal together.
Add the on physicalism, butter and lard and, using your fingertips, mix thoroughly until mixture resembles fine breadcrumbs. Add enough water to make a soft dough. Knead lightly, cut into pieces the size of a small egg and flatten to 1/8 - ? inch rounds. Put about 1 tablespoonful of meat mixture on one round, dampen the vonnegut essay, edge and on physicalism cover with another. Squeeze the edges together and fry in smoking hot oil until golden brown.
Drain well and essay serve. 1? tbsp baking powder. Mix the cornmeal, flour, salt and baking powder together. Chop the pork fat finely and add to the flour mixture. Add the shortening and mix thoroughly, using fingertips or a fork until it resembles fine bread crumbs. Use water to bind to a soft dough. Knead lightly, cut into pieces the size of a small egg and roll into balls. Flatten the balls into ? inch thick rounds and fry in smoking hot oil until golden brown. Drain well before serving.
4 tsp baking powder. 2 tbsp oil or melted margarine. Sift the dry ingredients together. Beat the eggs well, then add the milk and melted fat. Blend thoroughly. Add this mixture to the dry ingredients, and stir only until the flour is evenly moistened. The batter will be slightly lumpy. On Physicalism! Grill on a hot tawah or cast iron frying pan until bubbles appear on the surface and the underside is college ready essay, browned. Turn over and cook the other side. Serve hot with either butter and syrup, honey or meat gravy.
Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr. Odeen Ishmael. 2 tsp baking powder. 4 tbsp shortening. Milk or water to mix. Melt and cool shortening. Sift cornmeal, flour, salt, and baking powder together.
Beat eggs well. On Physicalism! Mix sugar, shortening, and eggs with sifted flour. Add enough milk to mix to a stiff batter. Half fill greased muffin pans and bake in spm essay, a moderately hot oven for about 20 minutes. Cornmeal cake with raisins and essay on physicalism cherries. 2 cups yellow cornmeal. ? tsp vanilla extract.
? tsp ground nutmeg, preferably freshly grated. 6 eggs, lightly beaten. 1 cup seedless raisins. ? cup candied cherries, coarsely chopped. Preheat the oven to 350°F. With a pastry brush, spread 1 tablespoon of softened butter over the bottom and sides of an 8-inch springform cake pan. Sift the cornmeal and flour together. In a deep bowl, cream the remaining ? pound of butter, the sugar and 2 tablespoons of the cornmeal mixture together by beating and mashing against the sides of the bowl with a large spoon until light and fluffy. Add the vanilla, nutmeg and salt and, beating constantly, slowly pour in spm essay, the eggs in a thin stream. On Physicalism! In a separate bowl, beat in about 1 cup of the cornmeal mixture, then ? cup of the i stand, milk, adding alternately until the cornmeal and milk have been combined.
Stir in the rum, raisins and cherries, and pour the batter into the prepared pan. On Physicalism! Bake in here ironing essays, the middle of the oven for about 1? hours, or until the top of the cake is golden and a cake tester or toothpick inserted in the centre comes out clean. Let the cake cool for 4 or 5 minutes before removing the sides of the essay on physicalism, springform. Then, with the aid of a large metal spatula, slide it off the bottom of the pan onto a cake rack to cool completely. Makes one 8-inch round cake.
3 - 4 sticks of spice. Sugar to sweeten, about 4 lb. Wash and soak the corn overnight. Rinse and grind. Dissolve sugar in on the periodic essayists, water, add spice and ground corn. Leave for 3 days, then strain off and bottle. 1 piece of celery. 1 piece of pumpkin. 1 lb mixed root vegetables (cassava, eddoes, yams, etc.) 1 tsp chopped parsley.
Scald, scrape and thoroughly clean the cow heel. Cut it up and put to boil in salted water. Skim and essay add chopped seasonings. Pressure cook or boil until tender. Reduce the heat to simmering point. Peel, wash and dice the vegetables.
Remove the meat from the bone, cut into neat pieces and return to the soup along with the prepared vegetables, except the pumpkin. Simmer the soup again until vegetables are soft -- about 30 minutes. Add the pumpkin about 5 minutes before the soup is finished. Add parsley and a few drops of lime juice, and periodic grated nutmeg just before serving. Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr.
Odeen Ishmael. 1 lb mixed vegetables. 1 tbsp sago, or barley. 1 tbsp chopped parsley. Piece of hot red pepper. Scald, scrape, and thoroughly clean cow-heel. Cut it up and put to boil in salted water.
Skim water and add chopped seasonings. Essay! Simmer gently for i stand, 6 to 7 hours, or to save fuel and time, use a pressure cooker. Peel, wash and dice vegetables. Remove meat from bone, cut into neat pieces, and return to soup with prepared vegetables and sago. Boil soup again until vegetable are soft, about 30 minutes. Essay On Physicalism! Add parsley, a few drops of lime juice, and grated nutmeg just before serving. 2 - 3 tbsp butter or margarine. 1 onion, chopped. Dried bread crumbs. Obtain live crabs at least one day before they are required and keep feeding them on wholesome food, e.g. bread, peppers, leaves, etc. until purged. Place the crabs in a large pan and i stand essays pour on essay enough boiling water to cover.
Discard this water. Wash the crabs and boil them for half an hour to loosen the flesh. Kurt Vonnegut Essay Science! Remove the claws, cut open and pick out the meat. Remove the essay, body from the shell, carefully preserving any eggs or fat, and discarding the gall which clings to the shell. Scrub the shells thoroughly and set aside. Prepare seasonings, and brown them in the butter. Add the crab meat, piquante sauce, salt and pepper.
Refill the shells, sprinkle with dried bread crumbs and a small dab of butter and brown in a quick oven. Garnish with wirri-wirri pepper and parsley. ? cup onion, minced. ? cup red pepper,minced. 1 cup fresh bread crumbs. Sweet lime salsa to serve. In a small bowl, gently mix all the ingredients (except for the butter and salsa) until combined. Form into 12 crab cakes. Fry the crab cakes in spm essay writing, butter over essay a moderate heat, until golden brown on both sides.
Serve with the spm essay story, sweet lime salsa. Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr. Essay On Physicalism! Odeen Ishmael. 2 tbsp lemon juice. 2 tbsp olive oil. 1 tbsp mayonnaise. Salt and hot pepper to law essay help uk, taste. 8 oz crab meat, flaked. 2 small avocados, cut in half. Lettuce leaves for serving. ? cup grapefruit slices.
Mix juices, oil, mayonnaise, and seasonings to taste. Reserve 2 tablespoons of the essay, above mixture and mix the rest with the crab meat. Fill the on the periodic, cavities of the avocados with the salad and essay serve on help a bed of on physicalism, lettuce garnished with grapefruit slices. Drizzle with the remaining mixture. 2 oz butter or margarine. 2 tbsp sherry or rice wine. Shredded pakchoy (bok choy) for review, garnish. Shell and clean shrimp thoroughly, removing the black vein that runs along the back just under the on physicalism, surface. Melt butter, add shrimp and heat through, stirring well.
Add salt, pepper, and sherry and cook for about 10 minutes. Remove from the heat. Add the egg yolks and cream. Stir well for about 2 minutes. Serve hot, garnished with rice and shredded pakchoy. Recipe compliments of here ironing essays, A Taste of Guyana - Dr. Odeen Ishmael.
3 chicken bullion cubes. 4 cups minced sweet pepper. Mash the on physicalism, flesh of the on the periodic, avocados to a paste with a silver fork. Press paste through a fine sieve. Put paste in saucepan and add water. Add the bullion cubes. Cook until water begins to boil Slowly stir in the milk. Add salt to essay, taste. Remove from heat and add sweet pepper.
1 pt water or stock. Cut the pumpkin into pieces. Put eschallot, celery and law essay uk thyme tied together, into water or stock and bring to a boil. Add the pumpkin, salt and pepper to taste. Reduce the heat and leave to simmer. Make a white sauce using margarine, flour and milk. Add salt and pepper to essay on physicalism, taste. Remove the stock from the heat. Remove the bunched seasonings from the stock, and pass the remainder through a sieve. Add the stock to the white sauce. Adjust the law essay help uk, flavour and consistency, adding more milk if too thick.
Serve hot with croutons. 2 tbsp oil or margarine. 2 pints water or stock. 2 tsp salt (less if salt beef is essay, used) ? tsp black pepper. Clean, wash and soak the split peas overnight. Law Essay Help! This softens the peas and essay ensures that they cook quickly and easily.
Next day, wash and cut up the eschallot, celery, thyme, onion and law essay help meat. Essay On Physicalism! Soak the salt beef for ? hour before cutting up. Heat the oil until smoking, and lightly fry the onion and eschallot and set aside. Brown any lean meat, but not bone or salt beef. Put the water or stock, meat, salt beef and peas to cook in a covered pot. Science Fiction! Bring to a boil. Skim well and add the prepared seasonings. Reduce the heat and simmer until the essay on physicalism, peas are thoroughly softened and broken down -- about one hour. Swizzle if necessary. Peel and wash the provisions, cut into neat pieces or dice, add to the soup with salt and cook until soft -- about 30 minutes. Add dumplings, if desired.
Serve very hot. Check out the recipe for a slightly more traditional split pea soup. Thanks to Prithivee Fow for writing, this recipe via email. 2 or 3 seedless cucumbers. 2-3 green chilies or hot peppers. Put peppers in small skillet with enough water, boil peppers until soft. On Physicalism! Grate onion, peal seedless cucumbers then grate. Put all ingredients in bowl and mix together. Essay! Eat with bara, channa or phulourie. 2 sweet peppers. 2 tbsp mustard seed.
1 tsp celery seed. Chop up the on physicalism, cucumbers, onions and peppers. On The Periodic Essayists! Add salt and allow to stand overnight. Drain and add sugar, mustard and celery seed. Pack into clean jars, cover with vinegar and seal.
TT's favorite pastry item is currant rolls. Essay! It is available in every bakery and in demand always and everywhere. Of course there are many versions - try this one - guaranteed to please. Here is a recipe to uk, make two sticks of Currant Rolls. You have to start off by making flaky pastry. It's not difficult. Recipe - compliments Ozzie Snaggs. 1 lb flour - sifted. 12 oz shortening at essay on physicalism, room temperature. 1 1/2 tsp granulated sugar. Juice from ? lime.
3 to 4 oz granulated sugar. Crumble 3 oz of the shortening in the flour using fingertips until it resembles coarse bread crumbs. Mix in the salt and sugar and make a dough with the water and lime juice mixture. Do not over-knead, just enough to help, form a dough. Let it rest for essay on physicalism, 20 mins. Dust board or table top with just enough flour to prevent sticking. Open dough with finger tips in an oblong shape about 12 x 7 on table top or board. Spread the on the, balance of the shortening (9oz) evenly on 2/3 of the dough.
Then, starting at one end, fold the blank 1/3 over 1/2 of the other part of the dough, then fold that over the other 1/2. Altogether 2 folds. Roll out pastry with a pin to about 1/2 thickness, maintaining the oblong shape at all times. Fold again the same way and roll again. Let it rest for another 20 mins. Roll and fold again two more times and on physicalism rest for 20 mins. Roll and fold again one more time. That will make 5 rolls and folds - (2 + 2+1). Let pastry rest overnight in a chiller. Mix the filling ingredients together.
Cut pastry in two strips, lengthways - (about 18 x 7 each). Spread currants evenly over each strip, except for a 1 edge, closer to you. Wet that skirt with a little water, using a pastry brush (or just by dipping your finger in a little water). Roll from far end towards you in 1 folds.The wet end will keep it stuck. Place rolls on a greased baking sheet with sealed end resting on the sheet. Brush with egg wash or water.
Punch about 5 holes, approx. 3 apart. Skewer top center of each stick. Bake at 350°F for 45 mins. Periodic Essayists! or until done. Enjoy ! 2 cloves garlic. 1 oz curry powder. Pepper and salt.
Wipe the meat and cut into large pieces. Essay On Physicalism! Chop up the onion and garlic. Separately, mix the curry powder into a paste using a little water. Season the meat. Fry the onion, garlic and curry lightly, then add meat and fry, stirring constantly. Add the stock, and bring to a boil. Reduce the heat and spm essay writing simmer until the meat is tender, then add the on physicalism, yams and eddoes. Cook until vegetables are done.
Place the meat and vegetables in the centre of a serving dish, and pour curry gravy over. Serves 6. Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr. Odeen Ishmael. 1 chopped onion. 1 tbsp cooking oil. 2 tbsp curry powder. 1 clove garlic, minced. Salt and pepper to taste. 1 tsp hot pepper sauce.
1. Drain chick peas, retaining half cup of liquid. 2. saute onion and garlic in oil. 3. Add curry powder, cook gently for one minute. 4. Add chick peas to onion mixture, fry for about 5 minutes. 5. Add remaining ingredients and reserved liquid. 6. Simmer gently for about 15 minutes. 7. Serve hot. 1 tbsp curry powder. Season the fish with salt, pepper and eschallot and set aside for about 20 minutes.
Fry the college ready essay, fish on both sides until light brown in colour. In a separate pan, heat the oil or ghee and fry the onion lightly for a few minutes. Essay! Mix the curry powder to a paste with a little water and stir in. Add the fish and cook for a few minutes. Add the coconut milk and simmer gently for writing story, about 20 minutes. Do not allow the fish to on physicalism, break up. Remove the fish and i stand essays place on a hot dish. Essay! Pour the curry sauce all around. Decorate with lemon and ready essay sourie rings.
3 limes or lemons. 2 - 3 tbsp frying oil or cooking butter. 2 oz rich curry powder. 2 cloves garlic. Mix the salt and sugar together. Cut off the beard and fins, then cut the hassars down the essay on physicalism, centre on the underside. Put a small quantity of the sugar and salt mixture into the cut.
Do not remove the gut. Leave the fishes in a covered container for 1 - 2 days. This is known as corned hassars. Gut the hazlitt periodic, hassars. Twice wash the gutted corned hassars in on physicalism, cold water with lime juice added. Put the hassars into a shallow pan with enough cold water to cover, bring to essay, a boil and on physicalism discard the hazlitt on the periodic essayists, water. Repeat the process, but reserve the second quantity of water for making the curry sauce. Crush the garlic, chop the onions and essay on physicalism eschallot finely, and keep peppers whole. Mix the curry powder into a paste using cold water and lime juice.
Heat the fat (frying oil or cooking butter, or a mixture of both) in essayshark, a shallow pot. (A carahee is the correct utensil to use). On Physicalism! Add garlic to the hot fat and fry. Add chopped seasonings and pepper and saute. Add the curry paste. Stir then add the prepared hassars, a tablespoon of lime juice and fry lightly stirring all the time until all the ingredients are well blended. Now add all the liquid from the second cleaning stage, and the coconut milk, and let hassars simmer until their shells can easily be removed. Serve hot.
Note: Some people prefer to remove the shells before cooking, in which case, the hassars are allowed to simmer in plain water, the shells removed, then they are added to the curry sauce and simmered for a few minutes only. 1 oz curry powder (or massala) 2 cloves garlic. 2 tbsp cooking oil. Lime juice or vinegar. Wash, clean and salt the hassars, and set aside for about one hour. Do not remove the shells. Afterwards, rinse and hazlitt on the dry the hassars. Prepare the essay, curry sauce as follows: heat 2 teaspoons of college ready essay, oil, and cook the onion and garlic lightly (do not brown).
Add curry powder blended with 3 - 4 tablespoons of water. Add 1 cup water or coconut milk and stir. Put the hassars into on physicalism, the curry sauce. Add the lime juice and leave to cook for 15 - 20 minutes until the sauce is thick, adding more water if necessary. When finished, put the hassars onto a dish and pour the essayshark review, curry sauce over. The shells may be removed before serving. Note: Yams may be added to curry if desired. Recipe compliments of A Taste of Guyana - Dr. Odeen Ishmael.
3 tbsp vegetable oil. 1 large onion, chopped. 3 cloves garlic, minced. 3 tbsp curry powder. ? tbsp black pepper. ? hot pepper, chopped. ? cup coconut milk (or 2 tablespoons creamed coconut and essay on physicalism half cup water) ? cup chopped onions. Wash fish well.
Cut fish down the center to expose cavity. Marinate with salt, sugar, and the juice of 2 limes for about 1 hour. Wash fish well in essayshark, warm water to remove marinade. Squeeze dry. Essay On Physicalism! Heat oil, saute onions and essay science fiction garlic until tender.
Add curry powder. Mix well. Add prepared hassars, salt and black pepper to taste, and hot pepper. Fry for about 5 to 10 minutes. Add coconut milk and 2 cups of on physicalism, water or creamed coconut with two and a half cups water. Add green onions and remaining lime juice. Serve hot with boiled rice. Note: This fish is known as hassar in college, Guyana and casadura in Trinidad. It is covered with a hard shell and lives in the swamps of the rice fields. 2 stalks celery.
1? oz curry powder. 1 oz dried fruit such as raisins. Wash then wipe the kidney with a cloth and essay on physicalism cut into small, neat pieces, removing the skin and law essay help central core. Wash the pieces if desired. Chop the onion and celery finely. Melt the fat and essay saute the onion and celery. Spm Essay! Add the kidney pieces, and cook over a low heat for 10 minutes, until the essay on physicalism, vegetables are soft. Sprinkle in the flour and curry powder and add the stock gradually, stirring all the time to ensure that there are no lumps. Essayshark! Bring to a boil, and while stirring, add the dried fruit. Essay! Season to taste and simmer for about 30 minutes or until the kidney is tender.
Cook rice and serve the curried kidney with a border of cooked rice, garnished with lime or lemon butterflies. 1 tsp mustard seeds. 1 tsp Urad Dhaal. 3 cups vegetables, potato. Coriander powder, pinch. Chili powder, pinch. Cumin powder, pinch. Heat the oil, mustard seeds, and essayshark review Urad Dhaal. Roast for a few seconds.
Add the essay on physicalism, vegetables. Sprinkle salt and turmeric. Cook on high heat for a couple of minutes. Add coriander powder, chili powder, and essay cumin powder (and ginger and garlic if you wish). Cover and cook on low until done. For making the potatoes crisper, add rice powder (arshi maav) and stir it in. 1 tsp mustard seeds.
1 tsp Urad Dhaal. 1 tsp cumin seeds. 1 cup mixed vegetables. Heat the oil, mustard seeds, Urad Dhaal, cumin seeds, and green chili. Roast for on physicalism, a few seconds. College Essay! Add the mixed vegetables and cabbage. Sprinkle salt and turmeric. Cook on high heat for a couple of on physicalism, minutes, then cover and i stand ironing cook on essay on physicalism low until done. ? tsp curry powder.
1 tbsp minced onion. 1 tbsp lemon juice. 2 tbsp mango chutney. Mix all the ingredients together and chill for two hours. Curried goat/chicken/beef/chick peas/etc are all of hazlitt on the, a stew-like consistency intended to be served on a big mound of rice or rice-and-peas. Goat is naturally bony and quite fat.
Traditionally nothing is done to it to tenderize it. Goat is goat and it's supposed to be a little tough.