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Dec 19, 2017 Essay on i love my nature,
Book review: 'Pulphead: Essays' by John Jeremiah Sullivan. On I Love! John Jeremiah Sullivan. Development Essay! Farrar, Straus Giroux: 384 pp., $16 paper. Reading a great essay is like seeing a writer's brain working, ideas in motion caught by a flash of love, lightning. State! It's like sitting down with a smart college friend for on i my nature, a conversation that jumps and leaps and connects, in state thesis, which you have to on i only nod and quote, say wow from essay on i love time to time.
This is sell term paper a trick, of essay on i love, course — essays are anything but extemporaneous — but John Jeremiah Sullivan's first collection, Pulphead, has it all. It is thoughtful, electric and alive. In the first essay, Sullivan goes to personal development essay Missouri to write about essay love my nature, a Christian rock festival. Christian Rock is a genre that exists to edify and make money off of evangelical Christians. For Kids! Its message music for my nature, listeners who know the message cold, he writes. Block Quote Essay! The outsider's skepticism is what you might expect in a piece appearing in GQ, as this did in its first incarnation. Essay On I Love My Nature! And when Sullivan is befriended by compare essay shopping good ol' boys from West Virginia who catch fish and frogs for dinner and share their thoughts about essay, God, well, yes, of course that would happen. But the story makes a surprising turn when Sullivan reveals his past as a young evangelical: He spent three years learning about of art essays, Jesus and discussing belief. He knows this material from the essay love my nature inside, every biblical quote, and the first day of, the setting combined with the weight of love my nature, his personal history eventually becomes too much. Day Of College Essay! I went back to love my nature the trailer and had, as the ladies say where I'm from, a colossal go-to-pieces. Shopping! Something is at stake, and he's willing to admit it.
Sullivan has roots in Kentucky, Indiana and Tennessee; these places inform the essays, which somehow escape being regional. His piece Mr. Essay On I! Lytle, about as history of art essays, his time spent as housemate/caretaker of ninetysomething writer Andrew Lytle, reaches into the very heart of Southern literature. Essay Love! Lytle was a friend of Robert Penn Warren's, a mentor to Flannery O'Connor and was the oregon state first, as editor of the Sewanee Review, to publish Cormac McCarthy. On I Love My Nature! Sullivan's admiration is tempered by the recognition of Lytle's faults, and the unfolding layers of his narrative were so good that the story, originally published in college, the Paris Review, won a National Magazine Award in my nature, May. All the pieces have been previously published, albeit in different form, in as history of art, GQ, the on i love Oxford American, Ecotone and the Paris Review. Of Art Essays! When Loren Stein took over the Paris Review's editorship this year, he named Sullivan as its first Southern editor.
It's a smart move, pulling him in, and the quality of his work for the long-standing literary magazine is essay on i love my nature unmistakable. Unnamed Caves is block quote a widely researched story about Native American cave art in the Southeast that involved crawling through mud-coated tunnels, interviewing burial mound poachers and getting stories from different scientists. Love! The meanings of the paintings, some of sell term paper, which are 6,000 years old, seem to essay love my nature him to be impenetrably lost. Sullivan is thesis a lively explainer: He sparkles when he's didactic. Some of on i my nature, those caves are on the Cumberland Plateau, he explains, which is different from a mountain. Essay! A mountain is essay on i love when you smash two tectonic plates together and the leading edges rise up into spine lettering the sky like sumo wrestlers lifting up from the love my nature mat, he writes, and thesis, geology comes to life. Essay On I! The pieces are not organized chronologically, nor does the book make clear where each was first published. Sell Term Paper! That gives this book its own narrative shape, starting with the personal. Essay On I Love My Nature! Moving from the Christian rock retreat and a terrifying story about his brother to easy essays Mr. Lytle and essay on i my nature, a short piece written in day of college, the weeks after Hurricane Katrina, Sullivan becomes something more than the essay name on block the book's jacket.
He's youngish (37, now); was well regarded at college until he dropped out; he is on i inclined toward openness over cynicism; he values family; he's well read and thoughtful and essay, curious. Then Getting Down to What Is Really Real shows him performing as glossy magazine writer: It's a funny take on the veterans of essay, MTV's The Real World after the show — stylistically flashy, not too serious. Of Art Essays! I enjoyed it very much, but for my nature, me, it's Mr. Lytle and the cave story that stick. The only real false notes are the spine lettering musical pieces. My Nature! Essays on Michael Jackson, Axl Rose and Bunny Wailer, all of which originally ran in sell term paper, GQ, feel off-balance, undercooked. Writing about essay on i, music is a natural draw to anyone who grew up loving it and its legendary critics — what other art form could inspire both Lester Bangs and Greil Marcus? — but these pieces seem to the first day of college lack either a critical distance or a necessary passion, landing in love, a more generic middle.
Even Unknown Bards, about easy, a few obscure blues singers — obscure as in there are only two known copies of their records — seems familiar, like it's already been written by essay on i love my nature other people. And Sullivan is better than that. He brings both passion and critical distance to the unforgettable, unpronounceable story La-Hwi-Ne-Ski: Career of an Eccentric Naturalist. The subject, a brilliant, deeply flawed early 19th century naturalist named Rafinesque, is captivating by personal career Sullivan's account. Essay Love! That's partly because in block quote, addition to telling us about essay love, Rafinesque, Sullivan steps back to look at how the sell term paper prevailing ideas of the day undermined his genius. Essay! We do well to draw a lesson of personal career development essay, humility from this. On I! It's the personal career development human condition to be confused, he writes. On I Love! In five hundred years there'll be two or three things we believed and went on sell term paper about at great length with perfect assurance that will seem hilarious. That story first appeared in Ecotone, a reminder that small, new literary magazines may be the place to find tremendously terrific writing.
And Sullivan is a writer to essay on i love be read, wherever his work may be found.
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Dec 19, 2017 Essay on i love my nature,
More Ideas Than You’ll Ever Use for Book Reports. Submitted by Teacher-2-Teacher contributor Kim Robb of love, Summerland, BC. Create life-sized models of two of your favorite characters and dress them as they are dressed in the book. Crouch down behind your character and describe yourself as the character. Tell what your role is in the book and oregon state thesis how you relate to the other character you have made. Essay On I Love! Create a sculpture of a character. Use any combination of soap, wood, clay, sticks, wire, stones, old toy pieces, or any other object. An explanation of how this character fits into the book should accompany the sculpture.
Interview a character from your book. Write at least ten questions that will give the character the opportunity to discuss his/her thoughts and feelings about his/her role in the story. However you choose to present your interview is up to you. Write a diary that one of the compare essay, story’s main characters might have kept before, during, or after the book’s events. On I! Remember that the character’s thoughts and feelings are very important in essay shopping a diary.
If you are reading the same book as one or more others are reading, dramatize a scene from the book. Essay On I Love! Write a script and have several rehearsals before presenting it to the class. Prepare an oral report of 5 minutes. Give a brief summary of the plot and describe the personality of one of the main characters. Be prepared for questions from the class. Give a sales talk, pretending the students in the class are clerks in a bookstore and you want them to push this book. Build a miniature stage setting of a scene in the book. Include a written explanation of the scene. Make several sketches of some of the scenes in the book and label them.
Describe the setting of a scene, and then do it in pantomime. Construct puppets and compare and contrast present a show of one or more interesting parts of the book. Dress as one of the characters and act out on i my nature, a characterization. Imagine that you are the author of the book you have just read. Suddenly the personal development, book becomes a best seller. Write a letter to a movie producer trying to get that person interested in making your book into a movie. Explain why the story, characters, conflicts, etc., would make a good film. On I My Nature! Suggest a filming location and the actors to play the various roles. YOU MAY ONLY USE BOOKS WHICH HAVE NOT ALREADY BEEN MADE INTO MOVIES. Write a book review as it would be done for a newspaper. (Be sure you read a few before writing your own.) Construct a diorama (three-dimensional scene which includes models of oregon state, people, buildings, plants, and animals) of love, one of the main events of the book.
Include a written description of the thesis lettering, scene. Write a feature article (with a headline) that tells the story of the book as it might be found on the front page of a newspaper in the town where the story takes place. Write a letter (10-sentence minimum) to the main character of essay on i love my nature, your book asking questions, protesting a situation, and/or making a complaint and/or a suggestion. This must be done in spine lettering the correct letter format. Read the same book as one of your friends.
The two of you make a video or do a live performance of MASTERPIECE BOOK REVIEW, a program which reviews books and interviews authors. (You can even have audience participation!) If the story of your book takes place in another country, prepare a travel brochure using pictures you have found or drawn. Write a FULL (physical, emotional, relational) description of three of the characters in the book. Draw a portrait to accompany each description. After reading a book of history or historical fiction, make an illustrated timeline showing events of the story and draw a map showing the location(s) where the story took place. Read two books on the same subject and essay on i love my nature compare and contrast them. Read a book that has been made into a movie. As History! (Caution: it must hve been a book FIRST. Books written from screenplays are not acceptable.) Write an essay comparing the movie version with the book. Create a mini-comic book relating a chapter of the book. Make three posters about the book using two or more of the following media: paint, crayons, chalk, paper, ink, real materials.
Design costumes for essay love dolls and dress them as characters from the book. Explain who these characters are and how they fit in the story. Write and perform an original song that tells the story of the book. After reading a book of poetry, do three of the following: 1) do an oral reading; 2)write an original poem; 3)act out thesis spine, a poem; 4)display a set of pictures which describe the poem; 5)write original music for the poem; 6)add original verses to the poem. Be a TV or radio reporter, and give a report of a scene from the book as if it is happening live. Design a book jacket for the book. I STRONGLY suggest that you look at an actual book jacket before you attempt this. My Nature! Create a newspaper for your book. Summarize the plot in sell term paper one article, cover the on i love, weather in another, do a feature story on one of the personal career essay, more interesting characters in another.
Include an editorial and a collection of ads that would be pertinent to on i love the story. Do a collage/poster showing pictures or 3-d items that related to the book, and then write a sentence or two beside each one to show its significance. Do a book talk. Oregon Thesis! Talk to essay on i love my nature the class about your book by saying a little about the author, explain who the characters are and explain enough about the beginning of the story so that everyone will understand what they are about to personal development essay read. Finally, read an exciting, interesting, or amusing passage from your book. Stop reading at a moment that leaves the audience hanging and add If you want to know more you’ll have to read the love, book. If the book talk is well done almost all the block essay, students want to read the book.
Construct puppets and love present a show of one or more interesting parts of the book. Make a book jacket for the book or story. Draw a comic strip of your favourite scene. Make a model of something in the story. Use magazine photos to make a collage about the story Make a mobile about the story.
Make a mini-book about the story. Practice and the read to the class a favourite part. Retell the story in your own words to the class. Write about quote what you learned from the story. Write a different ending for your story. Write a different beginning.
Write a letter to a character in essay on i my nature the book. Write a letter to the author of the book. Thesis Spine Lettering! Make a community journal. Essay On I Love My Nature! Write Graffiti about the book on a brick wall (your teacher can make a brick-like master and then run this off on of art red construction paper.) Cut your words out of construction paper and glue them on the wall. Compare and contrast two characters in the story.
Free write your thoughts, emotional reaction to my nature the events or people in personal career development the book. Sketch a favourite part of the book–don’t copy an already existing illustration. Love My Nature! Make a time line of all the events in the book. Lettering! Make a flow chart of essay on i my nature, all the events in the book. Show the events as a cycle. Make a message board. Make a map of where the events in the book take place.
Compare and contrast this book to another. Do character mapping, showing how characters reacted to events and changed. Make a list of character traits each person has. Make a graphic representation of an event or character in personal career essay the story. Make a Venn diagram of the people, events or settings in your story. Make an action wheel. Write a diary that one of the essay on i, story’s main characters might have kept before, during, or after the book’s events.
Remember that the character’s thoughts and feelings are very important in a diary. Build a miniature stage setting of a scene in the book. Block Quote Essay! Include a written explanation of the scene. Make a poster advertising your book so someone else will want to read it. Keep and open mind journal in three or four places in your story. Write a feature article (with a headline) that tells the story of the book as it might be found on the front page of a newspaper in the town where the story takes place. Make a newspaper about the book, with all a newspaper’s parts–comics, ads, weather, letter to the editor,etc. Interview a character. Write at least ten questions that will give the character the opportunity to discuss his/her thoughts and feelings about his/her role in the story.
However you choose to present your interview is up to you. Make a cutout of one of the characters and write about them in the parts. Essay Love! Write a book review as it would be done for a newspaper. ( Be sure you read a few before writing your own.) Make a character tree, where one side is event, symmetrical side is emotion or growth. Choose a quote from a character. Write why it would or wouldn’t be a good motto by which to live your life Learn something about the environment in which the sell term paper, book takes place Tell 5 things you leaned while reading the book Retell part of the story from a different point of view Choose one part of the story that reached a climax.
If something different had happened then, how would it have affected the essay on i love my nature, outcome? Make a Venn diagram on block quote essay the ways you are like and unlike one of the on i love, characters in your story. Of Art Essays! Write about one of the character’s life twenty years from now. Write a letter from on i love my nature, one of the characters to a beloved grandparent or friend Send a postcard from one of the characters. Draw a picture on one side, write the message on the other. If you are reading the same book as one or more others are reading, dramatize a scene from the book. Write a script and have several rehearsals before presenting it to sell term paper the class. Make a Venn diagram comparing your environment to essay on i love my nature the setting in the book Plan a party for one or all of the characters involved Choose birthday gifts for career development one of the characters involved. Tell why you chose them Draw a picture of the setting of the climax.
Why did the author choose to have the action take place here? Make a travel brochure advertising the setting of the story. Choose five artifact from the book that best illustrate the essay on i, happenings and meanings of the story. Tell why you chose each one. Stories are made up; on spine conflicts and solutions.
Choose three conflicts that take place in the story and give the solutions. Essay Love! Is there one that you wish had been handled differently? Pretend that you are going to join the quote essay, characters in essay on i love my nature the story. What things will you need to block essay pack? Think carefully, for you will be there for a week, and there is no going back home to get something! Make up questions–have a competition.
Write a letter (10-sentence minimum) to the main character of your book asking questions, protesting a situation, and/or making a complaint and/or a suggestion. Retell the story as a whole class, writing down the essay on i love, parts as they are told. Each child illustrates a part. Put on the wall. Each child rewrites the story, and divides into 8 parts. Sell Term Paper! Make this into on i my nature a little book of 3 folded pages, stapled in the middle (Outside paper is for title of book.) Older children can put it on the computer filling the unused part with a square for later illustrations.
Outline the story, then use the outline to expand into paragraphs. Sell Term Paper! Teacher chooses part of the text and on i deletes some of the words. Students fill in and contrast the blanks. Make a chart of interesting words as a whole class activity. Categorize by parts of my nature, speech, colourful language, etc.
After reading a book of history or historical fiction, make an illustrated time line showing events of the story and draw a map showing the location(s) where the story took place. Make game boards (Chutes and quote essay Ladders is on i, a good pattern) by groups, using problems from the book as ways to get ahead or to be put back. Groups exchange boards, then play. Create life-sized models of two of your favourite characters and dress them as they are dressed in the book. Crouch down behind your character and and contrast essay describe yourself as the character. Essay Love! Tell what your role is in the book and how you relate to the other character you have made. Create a sculpture of a character. Use any combination of soap, wood, clay, sticks, wire, stones, old toy pieces, or any other object.
An explanation of how this character fits into the book should accompany the sculpture. Block! Make several sketches of some of the scenes in the book and label them. Describe the setting of on i love my nature, a scene, and then do it in career development essay pantomime. Dress as one of the characters and act out on i, a characterization. Imagine that you are the author of the personal development, book you have just read. Suddenly the book becomes a best seller. Write a letter to a movie producer trying to get that person interested in making your book into a movie. Explain why the story, characters, conflicts, etc., would make a good film. Suggest a filming location and the actors to play the various roles.
YOU MAY ONLY USE BOOKS WHICH HAVE NOT ALREADY BEEN MADE INTO MOVIES. Construct a diorama (three-dimensional scene which includes models of people, buildings, plants, and on i love my nature animals) of one of the main events of the book. Include a written description of the scene. Read the same book as one of your friends. The two of you make a video or do a live performance of MASTERPIECE BOOK REVIEW, a program which reviews books and interviews authors. Block Essay! (You can even have audience participation!) If the story of your book takes place in another country, prepare a travel brochure using pictures you have found or drawn. Write a FULL (physical, emotional, relational) description of three of the characters in essay on i my nature the book. Draw a portrait to accompany each description. Read two books on the same subject and oregon thesis compare and contrast them. Read a book that has been made into a movie. (Caution: it must have been a book FIRST. Books written from screenplays are not acceptable.) Write an essay comparing the movie version with the book.
Make three posters about the on i love, book using two or more of the following media: paint, crayons, chalk, paper, ink, real materials. Design costumes for dolls and dress them as characters from the book. Explain who these characters are and how they fit in the story. Write and perform an original song that tells the story of the book. As History Essays! After reading a book of poetry, do three of the following: 1) do an essay my nature, oral reading; 2)write an original poem; 3)act out a poem; 4)display a set of pictures which describe the poem; 5)write original music for the poem; 6)add original verses to the poem. Be a TV or radio reporter, and give a report of and contrast essay shopping, a scene from the book as if it is happening live.
Write a one sentence summary of love, each chapter and compare and contrast essay shopping illustrate the sentence. Mark a bookmark for the book, drawing a character on the front, giving a brief summary of the book on essay my nature back after listing the title and author. Write a multiple choice quiz of the book with at least ten questions. Career Essay! Make a life-sized stand-up character of one of the essay on i love, people in the book. On the back list the state thesis, characteristics of the person.
Pretend you are making a movie of essay on i, your book and are casting it. Choose the actors and actresses from people in the classroom. Tell what you think the main character in the book would like for a Christmas present and tell why. Add a new character and explain what you would have him/her do in the story. As History! Do some research on a topic brought up; in your book. Write an obituary for on i my nature one of the characters. Be sure to essays include life-time accomplishments. Choose a job for one of the essay on i love my nature, characters in the book and write letter of application. You must give up your favourite pet (whom you love very much) to one of the characters in the book. Which character would you choose?
Why? Invite one of the characters to dinner, and plan an thesis spine lettering, imaginary conversation with the person who will fix the meal. Essay Love! What will you serve, and why? Write an ad for personal development a dating service for one of the characters. Love My Nature! Nominate one of the characters for an office in oregon state local, state or national government.
Which office should they run for? What are the qualities that would make them be good for that office? Pretend that you can spend a day with one of the characters. On I Love My Nature! Which character would you choose? Why? What would you do? Write a scene that has been lost from the book. Lettering! Write the plot for a sequel to love my nature this book. Add another character to the book.
Why would he be put there? What part would he serve? Rewrite the story for spine younger children in picture book form. Write the plot of the essay love my nature, story as if it were a story on the evening news Make a gravestone for one of the characters. What other story could have taken place at this same time and setting?
Write the plot and about 4 or 5 characters in this new book. Give an as history of art, oral summary of the book. Give a written summary of the book. Tell about the most interesting part of the book. Essay On I Love! Write about the of art essays, most interesting part of the book. Tell about the most important part of the book. Write about the most interesting part of the book. Read the interesting parts aloud.
Write about a character you liked or disliked. Write a dramatization of a certain episode. Demonstrate something you learned. Make a peep box of the most important part. Paint a mural of the story or parts of love my nature, it. Paint a watercolor picture. Make a book jacket with an inside summary. Make a scale model of an important object. Draw a clock to show the time when an important event happened and write about it. Write another ending for the story.
Make up a lost or found ad for a person or object in the story. Of Art! Make up a picture story of the most important part. Draw a picture story of the most important part. Compare this book with another you have read on a similar subject. Essay On I! Write a movie script of the career essay, story. Love! Gather a collection of compare and contrast, objects described in the book. Essay! Draw or paint pictures of the main characters. Make a list of words and definitions important to state the story. Make a 3-D scene.
Create a puppet show. Make a poster to advertise the on i my nature, book. Give a pantomime of an important part. Use a map or time-line to show routes or times. Make a map showing where the personal career development, story took place. Tell about the author or illustrator. Make a flannel board story. Make a mobile using a coat hanger. Give a chalk talk about the book.
Do a science experiment associated with the reading. Tape record a summary and play it back for the class. Make a diorama. Make a seed mosaic picture. Essay On I Love! Make a scroll picture.
Do a soap carving of a character or animal from the story. Make a balsa wood carving of a character or animal from the story. Make stand-up characters. Make a poem about the story. Write a book review. Books about how to do something- classroom demonstration – the directions can be read aloud. Write the pros and cons (opinion) of a book after careful study. If a travel book is read- illustrate a Travel Poster as to why one should visit this place. A vivid oral or written description of an compare and contrast essay, interesting character.
Mark beautiful descriptive passages or interesting conversational passages. Tell a story with a musical accompaniment. Make a list of new and unusual words and expressions. A pantomime acted out for a guessing game. Write a letter to a friend about the book. Check each other by writing questions that readers of the same book should be able to answer. Make a time-line for essay love my nature a historical book. Broadcast a book review over the schools PA system. As History! Research and essay on i tell a brief biography about the author.
Make models of sell term paper, things read about in the book. Make a colorful mural depicting the essay on i, book. A picture or caption about laughter for humorous books. Compare one book with a similar book. Think of a new adventure for the main character.
Write a script for an interview with the main character. Retell the story to a younger grade. Choral reading with poetry. Adding original stanzas to poetry. Identify the parts in the story that show a character has changed his attitudes or ways of behavior. Sentences or paragraphs which show traits or emotions of the main character. Personal! Parts of the story which compare the actions of two or more characters. Essay On I! A part that describes a person, place or thing. A part of the story that you think could not have really happened. A part that proves a personal opinion that you hold. A part which you believe is the climax of the story.
The conversation between two characters. Pretend you are the as history, main character and retell the story. Work with a small group of students. Plan for one to read orally while the others pantomime the essay love, action. Write a letter to one of the characters. Write a biographical sketch of one character.
Fill in what you don’t find in the text using your own imagination. Write an thesis spine lettering, account of what you would have done had you been one of the characters. Construct a miniature stage setting for part of a story – use a small cardboard box. Essay On I Love! Children enjoy preparing a monologue from a story. Marking particularly descriptive passages for oral reading gives the reader and his audience an opportunity to appreciate excellent writing, and gives them a chance to improve their imagery and enlarge their vocabulary.
The child who likes to make lists of new unusual and interesting words and expressions to add to his vocabulary might share such a list with others, using them in the context of the story. Giving a synopsis of a story is an excellent way of gaining experience in arranging events in sequences and learning how a story progresses to a climax. Using information in a book to oregon thesis make a scrapbook about the essay on i love, subject. A puppet show planned to illustrate the story. Sell Term Paper! Children reading the essay love my nature, same book can make up a set of questions about the book and then test each other. Sell Term Paper! Biographies can come alive if someone acts as a news reporter and interviews the person. Preparing a book review to present to a class at a lower level is an excellent experience in story- telling and gives children an understanding of how real authors must work to prepare books for children. Have the students do an author study and read several books by the same author and then compare. Cutting a piece of paper in the form of a large thumbnail and placing it on the bulletin board with the caption Thumbnail Sketches and letting the children put up drawings about the books they’ve read.
Stretch a cord captioned A Line of Good Books between two dowel sticks from which is essay my nature, hung paper illustrated with materials about various books. Lettering! Clay, soap, wood, plaster, or some other kind of modeling media is purposeful when it is used to make an illustration of essay on i love, a book. Constructing on block quote essay a sand table or diorama, using creatively any materials to essay my nature represent a scene from the story, can be an individual project or one for a group. Compare And Contrast Essay! A bulletin board with a caption about laughter or a picture of someone laughing at excerpts from funny stories rewritten by the children from material in humorous books. Visiting the children’s room at the public library and telling the librarian in person about the kinds of on i love, books the children would like to have in the library. Video tape oral book reports and essay then have the children take turns taking the video home for all to share. Write to the author of the book telling him/her what you liked about the book. Be Book Report Pen Pals and share book reports with children in on i love another school.
Do a costumed presentation of your book. Dress either as the author or one of the as history of art, characters. Write a letter from one character to another character. Write the first paragraph (or two) for a sequel. Outline what would happen in the rest of book. Write a new conclusion. Write a new beginning.
If a journey was involved, draw a map with explanatory notes of significant places. Make a diorama and explain what it shows. Make a diorama showing the setting or a main event from the book. Make a new jacket with an original blurb. Use e-mail to tell a reading pen pal about the book. Participate with three or four classmates in a television talk show about the book. With another student, do a pretend interview with the author or with one of the characters. Cut out magazine pictures to make a collage or a poster illustrating the idea of the book. With two or three other students, do a readers’ theatre presentation or act out a scene from the book. Lead a small group discussion with other readers of the love, same book. Focus on a specific topic and sell term paper report your group’s conclusion to the class.
Keep a reading journal and record your thoughts at the end of each period of reading. On I! Write a book review for a class publication. Find a song or a poem that relates to the theme of your book. Explain the similarities. For fun, exaggerate either characteristics or events and state write a tabloid-style news story related to essay on i love my nature your book. Draw a comic-book page complete with bubble-style conversations showing an incident in your book. Use a journalistic style and write a news story about something that happened to one of the characters. Write a paragraph telling about the title.
Is it appropriate? Why? Why not? Decide on an alternate title for the book. Why is it appropriate? Is it better than the and contrast essay shopping, one the book has now? Why or Why not? Make a poster advertising your book. Make a travel brochure inviting tourists to visit the setting of the essay on i, book. What types of activities would there be for them to attend? Write a letter to the main character of the book.
Write a letter to oregon the main character of the book. Write the letter he or she sends back. Make three or more puppets of the characters in the book. Prepare a short puppet show to tell the story to the class. Write a description of one of the main characters. Draw or cut out a picture to accompany the description. Essay My Nature! Make an ID card which belongs to one of the characters. Be sure to make the card look like the cards for that particular state.
Include a picture and career all information found on and ID card. Don’t forget the signature!! ******This gets them researching what ID cards /Driver’s Licenses look like; as well as thinking about the character–especially the signature. I have seen kids ask each of the other students to sign the character’s name to find the one that would most likely belong to the character.******** Prepare a list of 15 to 20 questions for use in determining if other people have read the essay love my nature, book carefully. Must include some thought questions. How? Why Dress up as one of the characters and tell the story from a first person point of view. Oregon State! Rewrite the story as a picture book. Use simple vocabulary so that it may be enjoyed by younger students.
Write a diary as the main character would write it to explain the essay on i, events of the story. Must have at least 5 entries. Make a map showing where the quote essay, story took place. Make a dictionary containing 20 or more difficult words from the essay on i, book. Describe the problem or conflict existing for the main character in the book. Essays! Tell how the conflict was or was not resolved. Make a mobile showing pictures or symbols of essay on i, happenings in the book. Make a collage representing some event or part of your book. Make a crossword puzzle using ideas from essay, a book.
Need at on i love my nature, least 25 entries. Choose any topic from your book and write a 1-2 page research report on it. Include a one paragraph explanation as to oregon state thesis how it applies to essay on i my nature your book (not in the paper itself–on your title page.) Design and make the front page of a newspaper from the material in the book. Write a song for your story. (extra marks if presented in class) Write a poem (or poems) about your story. Pretend you are a teacher, preparing to teach your novel to the entire class. Personal Career! Create 5 journal prompts.
Make a comic strip of your story. On I! Make a display of the time period of your book. Make a banner of cloth or paper about oregon your book. Create a movie announcement for your book. Create a radio ad for your book. Write out the script and tape record it as it would be presented. Don’t forget background music! Make a wanted poster for one of the characters or objects in your book. Include the following: (a) a drawing or cut out picture of the character or object, (b) a physical description of the character or object, (c) the character’s or object’s misdeeds (or deeds?), (d) other information about the character or object which is important, (e) the reward offered for love my nature the capture of the character or object.
Research and write a 1 page report on the geographical setting of your story. Include an explanation as to personal career essay why this setting was important to essay love the effect of the oregon state thesis, story. Design an essay love my nature, advertising campaign to state promote the sale of the book you read. Include each of the following: a poster, a radio or TV commercial, a magazine or newspaper ad, a bumper sticker, and on i love my nature a button. Find the thesis spine, top 10 web sites a character in your book would most frequently visit. Include 2-3 sentences for essay each on why your character likes each of the sites.
Write a scene that could have happened in sell term paper the book you read but didn’t. After you have written the on i love my nature, scene, explain how it would have changed the outcome of the book. Quote! Create a board game based on events and characters in the book you read. By playing your game, members of the class should learn what happened in the book. Your game must include the following: a game board, a rule sheet and clear directions, events and on i my nature characters from the story. Make models of sell term paper, three objects which were important in essay the book you read. On a card attached to each model, tell why that object was important in the book. Design a movie poster for the book you read. Cast the major character in the book with real actors and actresses. Include a scene or dialogue from the book in the layout of the poster. Remember, it should be PERSUASIVE; you want people to come see the movie.
If the book you read involves a number of locations within a country or geographical area, plot the events of the story on a map. Make sure the map is large enough for us to read the main events clearly. Attach a legend to spine lettering your map. Write a paragraph that explains the importance of each event indicated on the your map. Complete a series of five drawings that show five of the major events in the plot of the book you read. Write captions for each drawing so that the illustrations can be understood by someone who did not read the book. Make a test for the book you read. Love My Nature! Include 10 true-false, 10 multiple choice, and 10 short essay questions. After writing the test, provide the answers for your questions. Quote! Select one character from the book you read who has the qualities of a heroine or hero.
List these qualities and tell why you think they are heroic. Essay Love! Imagine that you are about to make a feature-length film of the novel you read. You have been instructed to select your cast from members of your English class. Cast all the major characters in development essay your novel from your English classmates and tell why you selected each person for a given part. Plan a party for the characters in essay the book you read.
In order to do this, complete each of the following tasks: (a) Design an essays, invitation to the party which would appeal to all of the characters. (b) Imagine that you are five of the characters in the book and tell what each would wear to the party. (c) Tell what food you would serve and why. (d) Tell what games or entertainment you will provide and essay why your choices are appropriate. (e) Tell how three of the essay, characters will act at the party. (f) What kind of my nature, a party is this? (birthday, housewarming, un-birthday, anniversary, etc.) List five of the main characters from the book you read. Give three examples of what each character learned or did not learn in the book. Compare! Obtain a job application from an essay, employer in our area, and fill out the application as one of the characters in the book you read might do. Before you obtain the application, be sure that the job is one for which a character in your book is sell term paper, qualified. If a resume is required, write it. Essay! You are a prosecuting attorney putting one of the characters from the book you read on trial for a crime or misdeed. Prepare your case on paper, giving all your arguments.
Do the previous activity, but find a buddy to help you. One of you becomes the prosecuting attorney; the spine lettering, other is the defense. If you can’t find a buddy, you could try it on on i your own. Development Essay! Make a shoe box diorama of a scene from the book you read. Write a paragraph explaining the scene and its effect in the book on your title page. Pretend that you are one of the characters in the book you read.
Tape a monologue of that character telling of his or her experiences. Be sure to write out a script before taping. You could perform this live if you so choose. Make a television box show of ten scenes in the order that they occur in the book you read. Cut a square form the bottom of a box to serve as a TV screen and make two slits in opposite sides of the on i, box. Slide a butcher roll on which you have drawn the scenes through the two side slits. Quote! Make a tape to go with your television show.
Be sure to write out a script before taping or performing live. Tape an my nature, interview with one of the characters in the book you read. Pretend that this character is being interviewed by a magazine or newspaper reporter. Sell Term Paper! You may do this project with a partner, but be sure to write a script before taping. You may choose to do a live version of this.
Write a letter to a friend about the essay love, book you read. Explain why you liked or did not like the sell term paper, book. On I Love My Nature! In The Catcher in the Rye, Holden Caulfield describes a good book as one that when you’re done reading it, you wish the author that wrote it was a terrific friend of yours and you could call him up on the phone whenever you felt like it. Imagine that the author of the of art essays, book you read is a terrific friend of yours. Write out an imaginary telephone conversation between the two of you in which you discuss the book you read and other things as well. Imagine that you have been given the task of conducting a tour of the town in which the book you read is set. On I! Make a tape describing the homes of as history of art essays, your characters and essay on i the places where important events in the book took place.
You may want to use a musical background for your tape. Do some research on the hometown of your book’s author. You may be able to find descriptions of his or her home, school, favorite hangouts, etc. What else is of interest in the town? Imagine that you are conducting a tour of the as history, town. Make a tape describing the places you show people on on i my nature the tour. You may want to use a musical background for your tape. Make a list of at and contrast essay, least ten proverbs or familiar sayings. Now decide which characters in the book you read should have followed the suggestions in the familiar sayings and why. Write the essay on i love, copy for a newspaper front page that is devoted entirely to the book you read.
The front page should look as much like a real newspaper page as possible. The articles on the front page should be based on events and characters in sell term paper the book. Make a collage that represents major characters and events in the book you read. Use pictures and words cut from magazines in your collage. Make a time line of the major events in essay love my nature the book you read. Be sure the divisions on the time line reflect the personal development, time period in the plot.
Use drawings or magazine cutouts to illustrate events along the time line. You could present this to on i love the class, taking us through time–event be event, for more marks. Change the setting of the book you read. Tell how this change of setting would alter events and affect characters. Block Essay! Make a paper doll likeness of one of the characters in the book you read. Design at least threes costumes for this character.
Next, write a paragraph commenting on each outfit; tell what the clothing reflects about the love my nature, character, the historical period and events in the book. Pick a national issue. Compose a speech to be given on compare and contrast essay that topic by one of the major characters in the book you read. Be sure the contents of the speech reflect the characters personality and beliefs. Retell the plot of the love, book you read as it might appear in a third-grade reading book. Be sure that the vocabulary you use is appropriate for that age group. Tape your storytelling.
Complete each of these eight ideas with material growing out sell term paper, of the book you read: This book made me wish that…, realize that…, decide that…, wonder about…, see that…, believe that …, feel that…, and hope that… After reading a non-fiction book, become a teacher. Prepare a lesson that will teach something you learned from the book. It could be a how-to lesson or one on content. Plan carefully to present all necessary information in a logical order. Essay On I My Nature! You don’t want to confuse your students! Present your lesson to your students. How did you do? If you taught a how-to lesson, look at the final product to see if your instructions to the class were clear. If your lesson introduced something new, you might give a short quiz to see how well you taught the lesson. Look through magazines for words and pictures that describe your book. Use these to create a collage on a bookmark.
Make the bookmark available for others to use as they read the same book. Write the thesis, title of your book. Decide on some simple word–picture–letter combinations that will spell out the title rebus style. Present it to the class to solve (I will make a transparency or copies for you.) After they have solved the rebus., invite them to ask questions about the book. After reading a book, design a game, based on that book as its theme. Will you decide on a board game, card game, concentration? The choices are only limited to YOUR CREATIVITY! Be sure to include clear directions and essay on i my nature provide everything needed to play.
Choose an interesting character from your book. Consider the character’s personality, likes and as history of art essays dislikes. Decide on a gift for him or her… something he or she would really like and use. Design a greeting card to love go along with your gift. In the greeting, explain to your friend from the book why you selected the gift. Design a poster to oregon state thesis advertise your book.
Be creative…use detail…elaborate…use color! Can you make it 3-D or movable? Make a large poster that could be a cover for that book. Imagine that you are the book and plan a way to introduce yourself. Make the group feel they would like to know you better. Organize your best points into on i my nature an introduction to oregon thesis present to the class. Be sure to essay on i love my nature wear your cover! Read the classifieds. Find something a character in of art essays your book was looking for or would like. Cut out the classified.
Write a short paragraph telling why he or she needs/wants the item. Would the love, one advertised be a good buy for him or her? Why or Why not? Create cutout sketches of and contrast essay, each character in your novel. Mount the sketches on a bulletin board. Include a brief character sketch telling us about the essay on i love my nature, characters. Sell Term Paper! Design a symbol for a novel or a certain character. Gather a large collection of on i, current events that reflect incidents that closely parallel those in your novel. Thesis Spine! Write a letter to the author of your novel and explain how you feel about the book. On I! Prepare and present an oral interpretation to state the class. Create a poster that could be used as an advertisement.
Do a five minute book talk. 18 Responses to on i my nature “More Ideas Than You’ll Ever Use for Book Reports” Great ideas, but many in the lower half are repeating the first half of the list. We’ll take a look at editing out some obvious duplicates. Of Art! There’s no sense in making such a long list even more cumbersome to digest. I remembered there being subtle but noteworthy differences on some of those ideas deemed “similar,” but please note that this was a reader contribution. Essay On I! Feel free to send in or comment with your own suggestions. Development! Thank you for the feedback! HOW AM I GONNA PICK ONE! I go to Ockerman as well(; I’m in 7th grade and i had Mrs. Raider last year.
I Love you Mrs. Raider and Mrs. Moore(: 3. My Nature! xD. hey Mrs.Body thank you for the suggestions and opportunities to show my creative and artistic skills. You can also put jeopardy or make a short movie trailer of the book like it is just about to come in block quote theaters.
Also you can do a news broadcast of a seen that is happening in the book. I also think that you can put an idea of essay love my nature, having to do a short song or rap of what is happening in your book. woah that is a huge list. Oregon State Thesis! i might do either 14 or 64! I really like these ideas. Essay Love! They gave me a 120% on my final grade! I know get to graduate. Thanks BOB! This is an amazing list! I don’t know which idea to choose! Act out the entire book in a two hour movie! That is such a good idea.
AWESOME BIG FAT A+ I love this site. How can we pick one if there is over 300 of them. You could also do a short book about the book. Sometime you must HURT in order to KNOW. FALL in order to GROW. LOSE in order to GAIN. Because life’s greatest lessons.
are learned through PAIN. Thank you this is very helpful. Yeah ! I like those ideas these are helping for last three years … Three books three years three new ideas thee A’s.
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Dec 19, 2017 Essay on i love my nature,
The Impact of Brown vs. Board of essay on i love my nature, Education Essay Sample. All throughout America, racial segregation in public educational institutions was considered a norm in the early 1950’s. Even though all the public schools in a particular district were meant to be equal, the majority of black schools were far inferior when compared to their white counterparts. But this would all be changed in 1954 because of the story of Linda Brown who lived in Topeka, Kansas. Linda was a black third-grader who had to walk one mile by way of lettering, a railroad switchyard to essay on i love my nature go to her black elementary school, although a white elementary school was just seven blocks away from compare and contrast essay her home.
Oliver Brown, Linda’s father, attempted to register Linda in the white elementary school; however, the principal of the on i love, school declined. Thus, Oliver sought the help of McKinley Burnett, the head of Topeka’s branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). The group was more than willing to help the Browns since it had long aimed to confront the issue of segregation in oregon thesis public schools. The NAACP thought that with the Brown’s protest, it had the right plaintiff at the right time (Knappman, 1994). In the year 1951, other black parents united with Brown, and so the NAACP asked for a ruling that would prohibit the segregation of Topeka’s public schools (Knappman, 1994). During the on i my nature, trial on June 25-26, 1951, the NAACP contended that segregated schools conveyed the message to black children that they were inferior compared to whites; consequently, the sell term paper, schools were essentially unequal. One of the expert witnesses, Dr.
Hugh W. Speer asserted that if the black children are robbed of the experience in school of merging with white children, who account for around 90 percent of our national society in which these black children should reside, then the black child’s curriculum is being extremely restricted (Knappman, 1994). However, according to the Board of Education’s defense, since segregation in love my nature Topeka and career development essay somewhere else encompassed several other facets of life, segregated schools merely groomed black children for the segregation they would deal with when they become adults. Moreover, the board likewise contended that segregated schools were not inevitably damaging to essay love my nature black children and that great African Americans like George Washington Carver, Booker T. Thesis Spine Lettering? Washington, and Frederick Douglass had prevailed over more than just segregated schools to essay on i my nature attain what they attained (Knappman, 1994). Because of these arguments, the sell term paper, call for an injunction placed the court in essay on i love my nature a hard and complex decision because on thesis the one hand, the judges concurred with the expert witnesses since in essay on i my nature their decision they wrote that segregation of white and black children in public educational institutions has a damaging effect upon the black children. Hence, a feeling of inferiority influences the motivation of the student to learn.
The precedent of Plessy v. Ferguson , on the other hand, enabled separate but equal school systems for both whites and as history of art essays blacks, and no Supreme Court decision had reversed the Plessy decision yet. As a consequence of the precedent of the Plessy ruling , the court felt obliged to rule in support of the Board of Education (Ziegler, 1958). Because of essay my nature, this decision, Brown and the NAACP requested to state thesis the Supreme Court on October 1, 1951 that their case be merged with other cases that confronted the issue of school segregation in South Carolina, Delaware, and Virginia. On December 9, 1952, the Supreme Court failed to come up with a decision when it first heard the essay on i love, case. Sell Term Paper? Then on December 7-8, 1953, in the raergument, the Court ordered that both sides talk about the conditions surrounding the implementation of the Fourteenth Amendment in the year 1868 (Ziegler, 1958).
However, the reargument provided little additional information regarding the on i love, matter. Hence, the Court had to come up with decision founded not on shopping whether or not the authors of the essay on i, Fourteenth Amendment had integrated schools in mind when they wrote the amendment in the year 1868, but founded on whether or not integrated schools robbed black children of equal protection of the law when the case was finally concluded in the year 1954 (Ziegler, 1958). Then the historic decision came on May 17, 1954, when Chief Justice Earl Warren announced the personal development, decision of the my nature, unanimous Court that it struck down the sell term paper, “separate but equal” principle of the Plessy case for public education, ruled in on i my nature support of the plaintiffs, and ordered the block, desegregation or integration of schools all over America (Kluger, 1976) Although the Supreme Court’s Brown v. Board of Education ruling did not put an on i love, end to segregation in thesis spine other public places like restrooms and restaurants, nor did it necessitate desegregation or integration of public schools by a precise period, it did proclaim the mandatory or permissive segregation that remained in 21 states unconstitutional. It was an enormous step towards total desegregation of public educational institutions.
But even partial desegregation of these schools, nevertheless, was still extremely far away, as would soon become obvious (Kluger, 1976). Brown v. Board of Education declared that separate school systems for white and love my nature black children desecrated the children’s constitutional rights. According to Kluger (1976), as a special consideration to states, which disputed that reversing long-standing systems of shopping, education and school policies would be hard and complex, the Court believed that segregation had to be dismantled with all planned speed. States regarded this wording as an invitation to move gradually, or they feigned to act while in fact blocking the essay on i, decree. States like North Carolina dismantled their independent school systems, however in their place set up systems that uphold segregation in other ways (Kluger, 1976). Rather than sending children to the school near their home, the school districts established “attendance zones” to lead children to single-race schools, in order that by the late 1960s, almost fifteen years after Brown, practically all schools in the Southern states remained to be segregated. Insights About the Case.
The Brown vs. Board of Education decision destroyed the legal basis for as history of art essays, racial segregation in public schools and other public amenities. By proclaiming that the discriminatory characteristic of racial segregation infringes the 14th amendment to the United States Constitution, which assures every citizen equal protection of the laws, the essay, Brown v. Board of Education laid the basis for shaping future international and quote national policies concerning human rights (Knappman, 1994). Furthermore, the Brown v. Board of Education did not merely concern education and children. Both all the essay my nature, policies and laws caused by this court decision were outcomes of the human propensities to stereotype, discriminate against, and prejudge other individuals by their cultural, ethnic, physical, or religious characteristics (Knappman, 1994). Putting a stop to this behavior as a legal practice brought about far reaching ideological and social repercussions, which remain to lettering be felt all over America.
Moreover, the Brown ruling motivated and spurred human rights battles all over the country and all throughout the world (Knappman, 1994). Furthermore, what this legal trial symbolizes is at the heart of United States history and the freedoms we benefit from. This is because the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Brown started a crucial chapter in essay on i the maturation of our democracy as a people and as a nation. The Brown decision reiterated the supreme power of the people of our country in safeguarding our natural rights from arbitrary restrictions and limits forced by both local and state governments. Despite the fact that this case was considered a significant historic milestone, it is frequently misconstrued.
All through the years, the facts relating to the Brown lawsuit have been outshined by mischaracterizations and myths (Kluger, 1976). As Kluger (1976) stated, first, the Brown vs. Board of of art, Education was not the first test to school segregation since as early as the on i, year 1849, African Americans filed a case (Roberts vs. City of career development essay, Boston) against an educational system that commanded racial segregation, in the case of Roberts v. City of essay on i love, Boston. Thesis? Then, Kluger (1976) also said the case namesake, Oliver Brown was only one of the almost 200 petitioners from five states who were part of the NAACP cases filed before the Supreme Court in the year 1951. Actually, the Kansas case was named for Oliver Brown as a legal tactic to have a man lead the plaintiff list. In addition, the Brown ruling started social and educational reform all over the country and essay on i my nature was a channel in as history of art instigating the modern Civil Rights Movement. Bringing about change in the years since the Brown case continues to be difficult.
Nevertheless, the Brown vs. Board of Education victory brought the United States one step closer to living up to its democratic principles. Also as stated earlier, the Brown decision decided that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. My Nature? The greatest effect of this decision on schools was felt more in the South because at long last tax dollars had to be utilized equitably (KNEA, 2003). That impacted resources, facilities, and teacher qualification and salaries as well.
In Kansas specifically, schools were integrated right away. Oregon State? However, Topeka’s Washington School continued to be segregated for another year or two. This is because several parents still preferred to keep their children there for the reason that they were afraid of unpleasantries. Essay On I My Nature? Thus, the sad result was that a number of compare and contrast essay shopping, African American teachers were transferred and African American teachers who taught for a period of three years or less were not maintained. Nonetheless, the decision triggered dreams of increased hope and cries of fear and resolute resistance. On the one hand, many people believe that the backbone of on i love my nature, segregation has been broken because of personal career development, this court decision. Moreover, Martin Luther King, Jr., asserted that the court ruling was a blissful daybreak after a long and bleak midnight (KNEA, 2003). However, on the other hand, there were influential voices rising, full of hate and promises of essay on i my nature, aggression (KNEA, 2003). According to Herman Talmage, provided that he is governor of the sovereign State of sell term paper, Georgia, there will be no integration of the races. Then Marvin Griffin, Talmage’s successor, threatened to summon the essay, National Guard, Boy Scout troops, State Patrol, and even the School Boy patrol to avert the integration of the races in classrooms.
The Mandate of personal career, Desegregation. The court decision on Brown was promptly and correctly recognized as testing, not on social science information, but on essay on i love my nature the belief that all racial discrimination done by oregon thesis government is forbidden. Love? It was this thought that gave it overpowering strength and ultimately acceptance; nobody, before or at present, desired explicitly to oppose the belief. In any case, it is certain that it was because of this belief that Congress passed the famous Civil Rights Act of oregon, 1964 (Graglia, 1996). In effect, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 endorsed and essay on i my nature made effective the Brown nondiscrimination opinion and extended it not just to discrimination in all federally supported activities but also even to public accommodations and private discrimination in employment. Even though the Court was bold enough to come up with the Brown ruling, nullifying the fundamental social arrangement of 21 states, it was not bold enough to try to essays implement it against essay on i my nature, disobedient states (Graglia, 1996).
It was extremely doubtful that the president and Congress would collaborate; certainly, there was basis to be apprehensive that Congress would undertake steps to restrain the Court. In any case, it was obvious that the sell term paper, Southern states had the whole answer to on i my nature Brown in that they could just end free public education, as they had previously taken steps to do, which would have made Brown a tragedy for the blacks it was intended to assist and support. According to oregon state thesis Graglia (1996), however, with the 1964 Civil Rights Act, the essay on i love my nature, president and Congress joined the Court and made Brown effective and enforceable. From then on, school segregation promptly ended; children were no longer anywhere enrolled to schools by spine means of race. Moreover, racial discrimination was now considered an on i love my nature, infringement of federal law in practically all spheres of public life. Thus, it can be said that the Brown nondiscrimination rule had totally triumphed. However, the oregon thesis, story of race and the schools and of all other racial matters ever since the 1964 Civil Rights Act is an almost unbelievable story of how this success was transformed into a tragedy.
In maybe the strangest case in point of on i, judicial misconduct in the history of law, the courts stood the Brown ruling and the 1964 Civil Rights act on their heads, making them contrary to what they were intended to be (Graglia, 1996). The civil rights creation that had grown and thesis spine lettering flourished in the struggle to on i love my nature put a stop to segregation and other racial discrimination was not ready to split up just because its ends had been attained. Moral victories are less possible to create restful satisfaction than a pursuit for further great deeds to be carried out. Majority agrees that the Court had done a great thing in coming up with the Brown decision, and certainly there were still greater things that, as a consequence, it would now be able to do. Despite the fact that school segregation ended in the South; however, school racial separation, certainly, remained to exist, just as it had at all times existed in the schools of the West and North that had never been separated by law (Moss, 2004).
Thus, to civil rights professionals, Brown immediately came to be considered less as a success than as a failure. Children were no longer prohibited from schools by way of race, and racial discrimination was banned in general, but the thesis lettering, cry nevertheless went up that nothing had occurred. If forbidding discrimination would not create integrated schools and quick black progress on the whole, the apparent next step for the civil rights professionals was to create integration by means of legal fiat. Nevertheless, compulsory school racial integration would denote a return to racial discrimination in assignment and consequently, it would appear, an abandonment of Brown and the 1964 Civil Rights Act (Graglia, 1996). Open abandonment was clearly improbable, for several reasons. After several years of persisting that all racial discrimination done by government was constitutionally forbidden, the Court could barely abruptly declare that it was not just occasionally allowable, in any case, but even required. Ruling out segregation could be rationalized as a ban of racial discrimination, but on essay on i love what probable grounds could obligatory integration, requiring racial discrimination, be rationalized?
Was Brown Really A Great Decision for Public Schools? The petitioner in the Brown case charged a school board, not a public park commission, although such facilities were segregated as well. Of Art? But within the private sector, discrimination was persistent. However, nowadays, we can notice evident growth toward racial equality in recreation programs, parks, communications, politics, commerce, and industry but not in schools. The paradox is on i love all the greater, inasmuch as the Supreme Court, in making the Brown decision, banned merely school segregation–on the shaky grounds that such segregation damaged the essays, hearts and minds of African American children (Peterson, 2004). However, at a time when the workplace is essay love my nature frequently racially diverse than not, Brown’s educational effects continue to be unsure (Peterson, 2004).
On the positive aspect, the majority of school areas have become as incorporated as city demographics permit. Quote? However, the essay on i love my nature, price paid for this integration has been certainly high–involuntary busing that divided schools from career essay communities and families; white flight; big, difficult-to-manage school grounds; and essay love lowered prospects for students of all social upbringing. But what is distressing is that the performance of African American students has remained to sell term paper trail that of white students. Even though the gap got thinner in the 1980s, it increased again in the 1990s, a period when the ideals of Brown must have been steadfastly established (Peterson, 2004). According to Peterson (2004), there are opposing views on on i love my nature racism. On the one hand, conventional liberals hold the politicians responsible for block quote essay, insufficient funding or society for its enduring, if now hidden, racism. Yet, money has hardly ever bought educational progress, and essay on i my nature one will have a hard time rationalizing the existence of of art, racism in schools when it is on the wane somewhere else.
On the other hand, conventional conservatives are more likely to hold the victim responsible, insinuating that the child-rearing customs of the African American family are the main reason. However, the differences in white and black achievement are least among preschoolers–the age at which family pressures are marked and school influence nil. Meanwhile, learning is better promoted when schools set boundaries that detach classroom life from the street-culture opiates. Love? Since good private schools have uncovered this secret, African American students who go to these schools are much more probable than their public school peers to finish college. Regrettably, several people still oppose school preference on the basis that African American families are excessively ill-informed to choose good schools.
However, knowledge, commitment, and interest will come as expected to all parents, once preference is state made available. To declare otherwise is tremendously racist. On I Love My Nature? Definitely, school preference is the civil rights issue of our time (Peterson, 2004). Realistically, we can say that Brown pushed open the doors of opportunity for democratic and personal career development citizenship rights that helped introduce the essay on i my nature, Black political and social movements of the periods 1950s, ’60s, and ’70s (Orfield and Chungmei, 2004). The Brown decision produced a feeling of pride and unity amongst minority groups. These minority groups were able to realize that they had a right to career development essay be in college and to be respected and essay love my nature treated with dignity. These days, there are a lot of minorities who have taken advantage of a college education compared to quote those in the past, and diversity is essay love my nature inherent to nearly all mission statement in higher education. However, tomorrow if we are to be truthfully diversified in higher education, we should recognize that diversity is basically justice and liberty.
Indeed, it is an objective worth making sacrifices for (Clark, 2004) Furthermore, numerous sectors of society, consisting of education, political, civic, business, and sell term paper religious are pausing to recognize the Brown ruling and essay love my nature what it has intended as a historical marker for our country. The Brown decision established a societal shift, the consequences of as history, which are still being felt to this very moment. Moreover, there are now widespread efforts create unitary schools systems where each child is given an equal educational opportunity and is not deprived of love, this chance as a consequence of his or her race, national origin, or color. The concern here is that despite the fact that there have been numerous improvements in public education, the guarantee of Brown has not yet been accomplished (Flake, 1997). According to Robledo Montecel (2003) and others (Orfield and Chungmei, 2004; Cortez and Robledo Montecel, 2004) there are several means in which the guarantee of equal educational opportunity still evades us in practice although the laws are basically in place. One may possibly practically believe that the separateness and duality of public education by class and race are a common part of our national nature. If class and race are such strong determiners of a child’s access to quality education, it tragic at worst, yet nevertheless completely important for the legally-mandated work of the equity assistance centers to carry on. The equity assistance centers were established based on oregon state thesis Title IV of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
These equity assistance centers are considered to be the oldest technical assistance unit purposely established to offer technical assistance, consisting of essay on i my nature, training to public school systems that are integrating and attempting to become unitary in the spirit of the 1954 Brown decision. Irrespective of their name or structure in more than the 40 years of essays, their survival, it is these centers who have sounded the call for love my nature, excellence for all learners regardless of race, gender, or national origin, equity in state access and treatment in essay love public schools, and equal educational opportunity in personal career development public education whether the appeal was to develop America’s public schools or to “leave no child behind” (Scott and Cortez, 2000). Due to the Brown decision, the on i love, principle of “separate but equal” was dead, and and contrast shopping every law commanding segregation by any method was a denunciation of the equal-protection clause. The case included an original verdict: it allowed psychological evidence of the detrimental nature of essay on i love, segregation to oregon state thesis the self-worth of black children and, consequently, found racially segregated schools unconstitutional without consideration to the objective of the on i my nature, local school board. Career Development? With the Brown case, the high court gave a blueprint for essay on i love my nature, future application of desegregation to personal development essay northern cities with big minority populations, which consistently resided in residentially segregated neighborhoods. It can be concluded that two of the most obvious lessons of the Brown case and the whole civil rights experience are that segregation does not work and attaining desegregation needs clear and lasting commitment. Evidence around us confirms that segregation is worse and on i love that there are much better possibilities, not merely for blacks but for white students as well, in desegregated schools. Today, we are not dealing with the problems the Court confronted during the time of Brown.
At these modern times, there are established models of what works. We can see communities and whole metropolitan areas that have had experienced tremendous success for more than a few decades. Career Development Essay? Moreover, there are millions of students who have in fact had desegregated educations. However, we cannot deny the fact that there are still some traces of segregation in our country, even in schools. Thus, there is still so much to be done to essay my nature fully execute the promise of the Brown decision. Clark, W. (2004). Brown as Personal Narrative. Black Issues in Higher Education . Comtex News Network. (January 13, 2004).
The State of America’s Children 2004: A Continuing Portrait of Inequality 50 Years After Brown vs. Board of Education. US Newswire via Comtex . Cortez, A., and M. Robledo Montecel. (Fenruaru 2004). Oregon Thesis? Texas at a Crossroads Excellent and Equitable Schools – or Merely Adequate. IDRA Newsletter. San Antonio, Texas: Intercultural Development Research Association. Flake, F. (January 1999). No Excuses for Failing our Children . Policy Review . Graglia, L. (March-April 1996).
The Triumph and Defeat of the Nondiscrimination Principle. Society . Kansas National Educational Association. (November 2003). Essay Love? Making Public Schools Great for Every Child. KNEA . Quote? Issue 4, Volume 21. Kluger, R. (1976).
The History of Brown vs. Board of Education and Black America’s Struggle for on i love my nature, Equality, 1 st ed. New York: Knopf. Knappman, E, (ed.) (1994). Great American Trials. Detroit: Visible Ink. Moss, O., Jr. Development Essay? (November 2004). Brown vs. Board of Education: Celebrating a Half-Century of Hope. USA Today . Orfield, G., and L. On I? Chungmei. As History Essays? (January 2004).
Brown at 50: King’s Dream or Plessy’s Nightmare. Cambridge, Mass.: The Civil Rights Project: Harvard University. Peterson, P. (September 27, 2004). Brown: A Great Decision Except for Schools. National Review . Robledo Montecel, M. (November-December 2003). Fulfilling the Promise of essay my nature, Brown vs. Sell Term Paper? Board of Education. IDRA Newsletter.
San Antonio, Texas: Intercultural Development Research Association. Scott, B., and J.D. Cortez. (September 2000). Equity Challenges Continue. IDRA Newsletter . On I? San Antonio, Texas: Intercultural Development Research Association. Ziegler, B. (ed.) (1958).
Desegregation and the Supreme Court. Boston D.C.: Health and Company. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order The Impact of Brown vs. Board of Education.
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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Essay On I Love! If you're reading this article, I assume you're an IB Student, who is getting ready to write their Extended Essay. If you're looking at this as a potential future IB student, I recommend reading our other introductory IB articles first: What is the career development, International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? and What is the love my nature, IB Curriculum? What are IB Diploma Requirements?. IB students around the globe fear writing the Extended Essay. In this articles, I'll try to get you excited about writing your Extended Essay and provide you with the resources to get an sell term paper A. I'm a recipient of an IB Diploma, and I happened to receive an on i A on of art essays my IB Extended Essay. If you don’t believe me, the proof is in the IBO pudding, If you're confused by on i, what this report means, EE is short for Extended Essay, and English A1 is the subject that my Extended Essay topic coordinated with. In layman’s terms, my IB Diploma was graded during May 2010, I wrote my Extended Essay in sell term paper, the English A1 category, and I received a grade A.
The IB Extended Essay (or EE) is a 4,000 word structured mini-thesis that you write under the supervision of an advisor (an IB teacher at your school), which counts towards your IB Diploma (to learn about all of the IB diploma requirements, check out essay on i love my nature our other article). I'll explain exactly how the EE affects your diploma later in this article. As History! For the Extended Essay, you choose a research question as a topic; this topic needs to be approved by on i my nature, IBO (which is as history essays, not very difficult). You can do a typical research paper such as in essay love, this paper, or you conduct an experiment/solve a problem such as in this paper. Of Art! Most schools allow you to pick your advisor (an IB teacher preferably at essay love my nature, your school, although you can also get access to one at another school through the Pamoja Education). Sell Term Paper! I'll explain how to essay my nature pick your IB EE advisor below. The IB Extended Essay must include a cover page, an abstract (one-page synopsis of your essay), a table of contents, the of art, 4,000-word essay (which will range from 10-20 pages depending on love whether your topic requires illustrations such as an experiment would), and sell term paper a bibliography. Your completed Extended Essay is essay on i, then sent to sell term paper the IBO to be graded (I will go into more detail on grading below). What Should You Write About in Your Extended Essay?
You can technically write about anything, so long as the IBO approves it. However, you should choose a topic that falls into one of the my nature, IB Course Categories, (such as Theatre, Film, Spanish, French, Math, Biology, etc.) which shouldn’t be difficult because there are so many class subjects. Here is a range of sample topics with the career development essay, attached extended essay: You can see from on i love my nature how varied the topics are that you have a lot of freedom when it comes to essays picking a topic. So, how do you pick when the options are limitless? I will help you with that next: 6 Tips for Writing a Grade A Extended Essay.
Tip #1: Write About Something You Enjoy Because You'll Be Spending a Lot of Time on essay love It. Thesis Lettering! I love British theatre and ended up writing mine about a revolution in post-WWII British theatre #theatrenerd. I really encourage anyone who pursues an IB Diploma to love take the shopping, Extended Essay seriously. I ended up receiving a full-tuition merit scholarship to essay USC’s School of Dramatic Arts program and in my interview for sell term paper the scholarship, I spoke passionately about essay love my nature, my Extended Essay. I genuinely think my Extended Essay helped me get my scholarship. How do you find a topic you are passionate about? Start by figuring out which classes you enjoy the most and why you enjoy them. Do you like Math because you like to problem solve? Or do you enjoy English because you like to analyze texts? Once you have figured out a general subject area such as Physics, you should brainstorm more specific topics by putting pen to paper. What was your favorite chapter you learned in that class?
Was it astrophysics or mechanics? What did you like about that specific chapter? Is there something you want to learn more about? I recommend spending an hour on this type of compare brainstorming. After doing this preliminary brainstorming make sure to choose: Tip #2: Chose a Topic That Is Not Too Broad, But Not Too Narrow. This is a fine line.
You need to write about something specific, but not so specific that you can’t write 4,000 words on it . You can’t write about WWII because that would be a book worth of material. You don’t want to write about what type of soup prisoners of war received in POW camps because you probably can’t come up with 4000 words on it. However, you could possibly write about how the conditions in German POW camps were directly affected by the Nazis successes and failures. This may be too obvious of essay on i a topic, but you get my point. If you're really stuck trying to find a not too broad or narrow topic, I recommend trying to brainstorm a topic that uses a comparison. If you refer back to the topics I mentioned above, you may notice that two use comparisons. I also used comparison in my EE, comparing Harold Pinter's Party Time to John Osborne's Look Back in Anger in order to show a transition in British Theatre. Topics with comparisons of 2-3 plays/books/diets/etc. tend to be in the sweet spot of not too narrow or broad because you can analyze each portion and after doing in-depth analysis on each, you compare and explain the significance of the comparison.
The key here is that the comparison needs to be significant. I compared two plays to show a transition in shopping, British Theatre. Comparisons are not the only way to get a grade A EE. If after brainstorming, you pick a non-comparison based topic and on i my nature you are still unsure if a topic is too broad or narrow, spend 30 minutes doing some basic research and see how much material is out there. If there are over 1,000 books/articles/documentaries out there on state the exact topic, it may be too broad. Love! If there are only 2 books that have any connection to sell term paper your topic, it may be too narrow. If you are still unsure, ask your advisor! Speaking of advisors: Tip #3: Choose an Advisor Who Is Very Familiar With Your Topic and Who Seems Excited About It. If you are not certain of on i love my nature who you would like to be your advisor, I would start by creating a list of your top three choices. Essay! Next, create a list of pros and cons (I know this sounds tedious, but it really helps!).
For example, Mr. Green is my favorite teacher, and we get along really well, but he teaches English, and I want to conduct an experiment to compare the efficiency of American Hybrid Cars to Foreign Hybrid Cars. Essay Love My Nature! Ms. As History Of Art! White teaches Physics, I had her a year ago, and she liked me. She could help me design my experiment. I am going to ask Ms. White! Do NOT just ask your favorite teacher to be your advisor. They may be a hindrance to you if they teach another subject.
I would not suggest asking your Biology teacher to guide you in writing your English EE. EXCEPTION: If you have a teacher who is passionate and knowledgeable about your topic (as my English teacher was about my Theatre topic), you can ask that instructor. Consider all of your options first before you do. There was no theatre teacher at my school, so I could not find a theatre-specific advisor, so I chose the next best thing. Essay On I Love My Nature! Some IB high schools require your IB Extended Essay advisor to sign an Agreement Form.
Make sure you ask your IB coordinator if there is any required paperwork. IBO does not require any paperwork. If your school needs a Form signed, make sure you bring it with you when you ask a teacher to be your EE advisor. Tip #4: Choose an Advisor Who Will Push You to Be Your Best. Some teachers may just take on students because they have to and may not be passionate about reading drafts and may not give you a lot of feedback. Choose a teacher who will take the time to read several drafts and essay give you extensive notes. I would not have gotten my A without being pushed to make the draft better.
Ask a teacher that you have experience with either through class directly or through an extracurricular activity. Do not ask a teacher that you have no connection to; a teacher, who does not know you, is unlikely to essay on i push you. Note: The IBO only allows advisors to suggest improvements to the EE, but they may not be engaged in writing the oregon, EE. Essay On I Love My Nature! The IBO recommends that the supervisor spends approximately two to three hours in total with the candidate discussing the and contrast, EE. Love! Tip #5: Make Sure Your Essay Has a Clear Structure and Flow. IB likes structure. Your EE needs a clear introduction (which should be 1-2 pages double-spaced), research question/focus (i.e. what you will be investigating), body, and conclusion (about 1 page double-spaced). An essay that has unclear or poor organization will be graded poorly. Also, make sure your 300-word abstract is clear and briefly summarizes your whole argument. And Contrast Essay! An ambiguous abstract will make it more challenging for the reader to essay my nature follow your essay’s argument and will also hurt the grading of your EE.
The body of your EE should make up the and contrast essay shopping, bulk of the essay. It should be about 8-18 pages double-spaced (again just depending on on i love whether or not you include diagrams). Your body can be split into personal career development multiple parts. For example, if you are doing a comparison, you might have 1/3 of your body as Novel A Analysis, 1/3 as Novel B Analysis, and essay love the last 1/3 as Comparison of Novel A and B Analysis. If you are conducting an experiment or analyzing data such as in this EE , your EE body will have a clear and obvious parts following the personal career essay, scientific method: stating the essay my nature, research question, discussing your method, showing the as history essays, data, analyzing the essay, data, discussing uncertainties, and drawing a conclusion/evaluating the thesis, experiment. Tip #6: Start Writing Sooner Rather Than Later!
You will not be able to crank out essay on i a 4,000-word essay in a week and get an A. You will be reading many, many articles (and, depending on your topic, possibly books, plays, and watching movies). Start the research possible as soon as possible. And Contrast Essay! Each school has a slightly different deadline for the Extended Essay. Love My Nature! Some schools want them as soon as November of your Senior Year; others will take them as later as February of Senior Year. Your school will give you your deadline; if they haven't mentioned it by February of Junior year, ask your IB coordinator. Some schools will give you a timeline of career development when you need to come up with a topic, when you need to on i love meet with your advisor and when certain drafts are due. Essay! Not all schools do. Ask your IB coordinator if you are unsure if you are on a specific timeline.
Here is my recommended timeline, it is earlier than most schools, but it will save you so much heartache (trust me, I remember): January/February of Junior Year: Come up with your final research topic (or at least top 3). February of Junior Year: Approach a teacher about being your EE advisor (if he or she says no, keep asking others until you find one - see my notes above on how to pick an EE advisor). April/May of on i Junior Year: Submit an spine outline of your EE and on i my nature a bibliography of potential research sources (I recommend at least 7-10) to your EE advisor. Meet with your EE advisor to discuss your outline. Summer between Junior and of art Senior Year: Complete your first full draft over the summer between Junior and Senior Year! I know, I know no one wants to work during the summer, but trust me this will save you so much stress come the fall when you are busy with college applications and other IB internal assessments for your IB classes. You will want to have this first full draft done because you will want to essay my nature complete a couple of draft cycles as you likely won’t be able to get everything you want to say into thesis 4000 articulate words the first time. Try to get this first draft into on i love my nature the best possible shape you can, so that you do not have to work on too many revisions during the school year on top of your homework/college applications/work/extracurriculars/etc. August/September of thesis lettering Senior Year: Turn in on i, your first draft of thesis your EE to your advisor and love receive feedback.
Work on incorporating their feedback into your essay. If they have a lot of suggestions for improvement, ask if they will read one more draft before the final draft. September/October of Senior Year: Submit second draft of EE to compare and contrast your advisor (if necessary) and receive their feedback. Work on creating the essay on i love my nature, best possible final draft. Personal Development Essay! November-February of Senior Year: Submit two copies of your final draft to your school to on i love my nature be sent off to IBO. You likely will not get your grade until after you graduate. Quote! The early bird DOES get the worm!
Extended essays are marked by external assessors (examiners appointed by essay love, the IB) on a scale of 0 to 36. There are general and subject-specific criteria, at a ratio of 2:1 (24 possible marks for the general criteria and 12 marks for the subject-specific one). The total mark is converted into a grade from A to personal career development E, using the below parameters: Here is the typical breakdown of scores (from 2008): How Does the Extended Essay Grade Affect Your IB Diploma? The Extended Essay grade is essay on i love, combined with your TOK (Theory of Knowledge) grade to personal development determine how many points you get towards your IB Diploma. To learn about Theory of Knowledge or how many points you need to on i love receive your IB Diploma, read our other articles on What is the block, International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? or IB Diploma Requirements.
This diagram shows how the two scores are combined to determine how many points you receive for your IB diploma (3 being the essay my nature, most, 0 being the least). Sell Term Paper! So, let’s say you get an A on your EE and a B on love my nature TOK, you will get 3 points towards your diploma. As History Of Art Essays! Note: this chart is slightly outdated. Prior to the class of 2010, a diploma candidate could receive a failing grade in essay my nature, either the extended essay or theory of knowledge and compare and contrast shopping still be awarded a diploma. However, as of 2014 (for the essay, first examination in May 2015), a student who scores an essay E on either the extended essay or TOK essay will not be eligible to receive an essay on i love my nature IB diploma. In case you want a little more guidance on how to get an A EE. Here are 50 Excellent (grade A) sample extended essays for your reading pleasure: Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for oregon free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article!
As an SAT/ACT tutor, Dora has guided many students to test prep success. She loves watching students succeed and is committed to helping you get there. Dora received a full-tuition merit based scholarship to University of Southern California. She graduated magna cum laude and scored in on i love, the 99th percentile on the ACT. She is also passionate about acting, writing, and photography. Personal Career Development! You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed.
Follow us on on i all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and sell term paper we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to essay on i my nature Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to lettering Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep? Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and my nature test prep tips! © PrepScholar 2013-2015. All rights reserved.
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VBA Error Handling – A Complete Guide. “Abort, Retry, Fail?” – MS-DOS error message circa 1986. If you are looking for on i love my nature a particular topic on VBA Error Handing then check out the table of contents below(if it’s not visible click on compare shopping, the post header). If you are new to VBA Error Handling , then you can read the post from start to finish as it is laid out in logical order. This allows us to handle the error. (Only useful if you need to check a specific error occurred.) Error Handling refers to essay on i love code that is written to as history of art essays handle errors which occur when your application is running. These errors are normally caused by essay love my nature, something outside your control like a missing file, database being unavailable, data being invalid etc. If we think an error is likely to personal development occur at some point, it is good practice to write specific code to handle the error if it occurs and deal with it. For all other errors we use generic code to essay deal with them. Compare And Contrast? This is where the VBA error handling statement comes into play.
They allow our application to deal gracefully with any errors we weren’t expecting. To understand error handling we must first understand the different types of errors in on i VBA. There are three types of errors in VBA. We use error handling to deal with runtime errors. Let’s have a look at each of these error types so that it is clear what a runtime error is.
If you have used VBA for any length of time you will have seen a syntax error. Essay? When you type a line and press return, VBA will evaluate the love, syntax and essays if it is not correct it will display an essay, error message. For example if you type If and forget the Then keyword, VBA will display the sell term paper, following error message. Note: You can turn off the Syntax error dialog by going to Tools-Options and checking off “Auto Syntax Check”. The line will still appear red if there is an error but the dialog will not appear. Compilation errors occur over more than one line. The syntax is correct on a single line but is incorrect when all the project code is taken into account. Examples of compilation errors are: If statement without corresponding End If statement For without Next Select without End Select Calling a Sub or Function that does not exist Calling a Sub or Function with the wrong parameters Giving a Sub or Function the same name as a module Variables not declared( Option Explicit must be present at the top of the module) To find compilation errors, we use Debug-Compile VBA Project from the Visual Basic menu. When you select Debug-Compile , VBA displays the first error it comes across.
When this error is fixed, you can run Compile again and VBA will then find the next error. Debug-Compile will also include syntax errors in it’s search which is very useful. If there are no errors left and you run Debug-Compile , it may appear that nothing happened. Essay Love My Nature? However, “Compile” will be grayed out in the Debug menu. This means your application has no compilation errors at the current time. Debug-Compile finds compilation(project wide) errors. It will also find syntax errors. It finds one error each time you use it. When there are no compilation errors left the Compile option will appear grayed out in the menu. You should always use Debug-Compile before you run your code.
This ensures that your code has no compilation errors when you run it. If you do not run Debug-Compile then VBA may find compile errors when it runs. These should not be confused with Runtime errors. Runtime errors occur when your application is running. They are normally outside of oregon your control but can be caused by errors in your code. For example, imagine your application reads from an external workbook.
If this file gets deleted then VBA will display an error when your code tries to open it. Other examples of essay on i love runtime errors are. a database not being available the user entering invalid data a cell containing text instead of thesis a number. As we have seen, the purpose of error handling is to deal with runtime errors when they occur. Expected Versus Unexpected Errors. When we think a runtime error could occur we put code in place to handle it. For example, we would normally put code in place to deal with a file not being found. The following code checks if the file exists before it tries to on i love open it. If the file does not exist then a user friendly message is displayed and spine the code exits the sub. If we don’t have specific code to handle an error it is considered an unexpected error. We use the VBA error handling statements to handle the unexpected errors.
Runtime Errors that are not VBA Errors. Before we look at on i my nature, the VBA Handling there is thesis spine, one type of error we must mention. Some runtime errors are not considered errors by VBA but only by the user. Let me explain this with an example. Imagine you have an application that requires you to add the values in on i the variables a and b. Let’s say you mistakenly use an oregon state thesis, asterisk instead of the plus sign. These errors cannot be dealt with using error handling as they obviously won’t generate any error.
You can deal with these errors using Unit Testing and Assertions. I have an in-depth post about using VBA assertions – see How to Make Your Code BulletProof. As we have seen there are two ways to treat runtime errors. Expected errors – write specific code to handle them. Unexpected errors – use VBA error handling statements to my nature handle them. The VBA On Error statement is compare, used for essay on i my nature error handling. This statement performs some action when an error occurs during runtime. There are four different ways to use this statement. On Error Goto 0 – the code stops at the line with the as history of art essays, error and displays a message. On Error Resume Next – the code moves to essay my nature next line. No error message is displayed.
On Error Goto [label] – the code moves to development a specific line or label. No error message is essay on i love, displayed. This is the one we use for error handling. On Error Goto -1 – clears the current error. This is the default behavior of spine lettering VBA. Essay My Nature? In other words, if you don’t use On Error then this is the behavior you will see.
When an error occurs, VBA stops on the line with the error and of art displays the error message. The application requires user intervention with the on i love, code before it can continue. This could be fixing the error or restarting the application. In this scenario no error handling takes place. If you select End then the application simply stops. If you select Debug the application stops on the error line as the screenshot below shows. This behavior is unsuitable for an application that you are given to a user. Personal Career Development? These errors look unprofessional and they make the application look unstable. An error like this is essentially the application crashing.
The user cannot continue on without restarting the application. They may not use it at essay on i my nature, all until you fix the error for them. By using On Error Goto [label] we can give the user a more controlled error message. It also prevents the career, application stopping. We can get the application to perform in essay on i love a predefined manner. Using On Error Resume Next tells VBA to quote essay ignore the error and continue on. There are specific occasions when this is useful. Most of the on i love my nature, time you should avoid using it.
If we add Resume Next to our example Sub then VBA will ignore the divide by zero error. It is not a good idea to personal career development do this. Love? If you ignore the error, then the behavior can be unpredictable. The error can affect the application in multiple ways.You could end up with invalid data. The problem is that you aren’t aware that something went wrong because you have suppressed the block essay, error. In the essay on i love my nature, code above, we continue on if there is an error. Then in career the next line we check the essay, value of the Outlook variable. If there has been an error then the value of this variable will be set to Nothing . This is an example of when Resume could be useful. The point is that even though we use Resume we are still checking for the error.
The vast majority of the time you will not need to use Resume . This is how we use Error Handling in thesis lettering VBA. It is the equivalent of the Try and Catch functionality you see in languages such as C# and Java. When an error occurs you send the error to a specific label. It is normally at the bottom of the essay love, sub. VBA jumps to the eh label because we specified this in the On Error Goto line. Note 1: The label we use in the On…Goto statement, must be in the current Sub/Function. If not you will get a compilation error. Note 2: When an error occurs when using On Error Goto [label] , the error handling returns to essay the default behaviour i.e. The code will stop on the line with the error and display the error message. See the next section for more information about this. This statement is different than the essay on i love, other three.
It is used to clear the current error rather than setting a particular behaviour. When an error occurs using On Error Goto [label] , the error handling behaviour returns to the default behaviour i.e. “On Error Goto 0”. That means that if another error occurs the thesis spine lettering, code will stop on essay love, the current line. This behaviour only applies to the current sub. Once we exit the sub, the error will be cleared automatically. Take a look at the code below. The first error will cause the code to jump to the eh label. Oregon State Thesis? The second error will stop on the line with the 1034 error. If we add further error handling it will not work as the error trap has not been cleared. In the code below we have added the essay on i love, line.
after we catch the first error. This has no effect as the sell term paper, error has not been cleared. Essay On I Love My Nature? In other words the sell term paper, code will stop on my nature, the line with the career, error and display the love, message. In the code below we add this line and the second error will now cause the code to jump to sell term paper the eh_other label. Note 2: The Err Object has a member Clear . Using Clear clears the text and numbers in the Err object, but it does NOT reset the error. As we have seen, VBA will do one of three things when an essay on i my nature, error occurs. Stop and personal career display the essay on i my nature, error. Personal Essay? Ignore the error and continue on.
Jump to a specific line. When an error occurs you can view details of the error using the Err object. When an runtime error occurs, VBA automatically fills the essay, Err object with details. The Err.Number is the ID number of the thesis spine, error e.g. the error number for “Type Mismatch” is 13. Essay On I Love? The only time you really need this is if you are checking that a specific error occurred and this is only necessary on rare occasions. The Err.Source property seems like a great idea but it does not work for a VBA error. The source will return the project name, which hardly narrows down where the oregon state thesis, error occurred. However, if you create an error using Err.Raise you can set the source yourself and this can be very useful.
The Erl function is on i my nature, used to return the line number where the block quote essay, error occurs. It often causes confusion. In the following code, Erl will return zero. If we change the on i love, Sub above to have line number it will now print out 20. When you are finished working on a project and hand it over to the user it can be useful to add line numbers at this point. If you use the error handling strategy in the last section of this post, then VBA will report the line where the error occurred. Err.Raise allows us to as history of art create errors. Essay? We can use it to as history essays create custom errors for essay love our application which is very useful. It is the equivalent of the essay, Throw statement in JavaC#. The format is as follows.
Let’s look at a simple example. Imagine we want to ensure that a cell has an entry that has a length of on i my nature 5 characters. Compare Shopping? We could have a specific message for this. Err.Clear is used to clear the text and numbers from the Err.Object. In other words, it clears the my nature, description and number.
It is rare that you will need to use it but let’s have a look at an example where you might. In the code below we are counting the number of errors that will occur. To keep it simple we are generating an error for block essay each odd number. We check the error number each time we go through the loop. Essay Love? If the as history of art essays, number does not equal zero then an error has occurred. Once we count the error we need to set the error number back to zero so it is ready to essay on i love my nature check for the next error. Logging means writing information from your application when it is running. Thesis Spine Lettering? When an error occurs you can write the details to a text file so you have a record of the my nature, error. The code below shows a very simple logging procedure.
Below is an example of logging. How you implement logging really depends on the nature of the application and how useful it will be. This section covers some of the other Error Handling tools that VBA has. These items are considered obsolete but I have included them as they may exist in legacy code. The Error Function is used to print the error description from a given error number. It is included in VBA for backward compatibilty and is not needed because you can use the Err.Description instead. Below are some examples. The Error statement allows you to simulate an error.
It is thesis spine, included in VBA for backward compatibility. You should use Err.Raise instead. In the following code we simulate a “Divide by zero” error. With all the different options you may be confused about how to use error handling in VBA. In this section, I’m going to show you how to implement a simple error handling strategy that you can use in all your applications. This is a simple overview of essay love my nature our strategy. Place the On Error Goto Label line at the start of our topmost sub. Block Quote Essay? Place the error handling Label at the end of on i love our topmost sub.
If an expected error occurs then handle it and continue. Career Development? If the essay, application cannot continue then use Err.Raise to sell term paper jump to the error handling label. If an my nature, unexpected error occurs the code will automatically jump to the error handling label. The following code shows a simple implementation of this strategy. We don’t need to add error handling code to every sub.
If an error occurs then VBA exits the application gracefully. A Complete Error Handling Strategy. The strategy above has one drawback. It doesn’t tell you where the error occurred. VBA doesn’t fill Err.Source with anything useful so we have to do this ourselves.
In this section I am going to introduce a more complete error strategy. I have written two subs that perform all the heavy lifting so all you have to do is add them to your project. The purpose of this strategy is to provide you with the state, Stack* and line number when an error exists. *The Stack is the essay my nature, list of sub/functions that were currently in oregon thesis use when the essay on i, error occurred. This is our strategy. Place error handling in quote all the subs. When an essay, error occurs, the error handler adds details to the error and raises it again. When the error reaches the topmost sub it is displayed. The only career development, messy part to this is formatting the strings correctly. I have written two subs that handle this, so it is taken care of for you. These are the two helper subs.
An Example of using this strategy. Here is a simple coding that use these subs. On I? In this strategy, we don’t place any code in the topmost sub. We only call subs from it. If your project has line numbers the result will include the line number of the error. Error Handling is used to handle errors that occur when your application is running.
You write specific code to handle expected errors. You use the VBA error handling statement On Error Goto [label] to send VBA to essay shopping a label when an unexpected error occurs. Essay On I Love? You can get details of the sell term paper, error from essay on i love my nature, Err.Description . You can create your own error using Err.Raise . Using one On Error statement in the top most sub will catch all errors in subs that are called from quote essay, here. If you want to record the name of the love, Sub with the error, you can update the error and block quote essay rethrow it. You can use a log to record information about the application as it is running. If you want to read about more VBA topics you can view a complete list of love my nature my posts here. I also have a free eBook(see below) which you will find useful if you are new to VBA. If you are serious about mastering VBA then you may want to check out The Excel VBA Handbook. Please feel free to sell term paper subscribe to my newsletter and get exclusive VBA content that you cannot find here on the blog, as well as free access to my eBook, How to Ace the 21 Most Common Questions in VBA which is essay my nature, full of examples you can use in your own code. I learned a lot in a couple of weeks, I’m very grateful, best regards!
You’re welcome Victor. Hi Paul, this is a very useful and informative post. As one who did not employ any error handling in my VBA and simply discarded hours of work when it did function as expected – that is until I undertook you VBa training course. The error routine in this post is excellent and for one will employ it for future VBA procedures. Thanks very much – much appreciated. You’re welcome John. Glad you found it useful. Nice post and a solid dose of knowledge again. Now my question is on the part with the oregon thesis, logging procedure. On I Love? I’ve noticed things that were unknown to me like: Open sFilename For Append As #filenumber.
After searching the web resources, it seemes to me, that they are similar to thing I do with these statements (they are just examples, so don’t try to seek any bigger logic there): Dim fso as New FileSytsemObject. Dim report as TextStream. Set report = fs.CreateTextFile(“kermitlogisticsreportslog_rotation.txt”) report.WriteLine(‘something stupid here’) ok, so am I right, that these things can basically do the same? Are there any reasons why someone should prefer one method over the other – maybe it depends on a situation? FileSystemObject is an external library where as the other commands are part of VBA.
They do perform the same tasks. Which one you use depends on block, your own preferences and possibly the situation at hand. Thanks Paul, explained with nice examples and in a simple terms anyone can understand. Help and useful. Thanks for the detailed writeup, Paul; I have bookmarked this site. In the example on raising errors, the error is raised in on i love an IF block, following which is code demarcated by the comment “continue on if cell has valid data.” I don’t see why the development essay, code won’t continue on if the cell has INvalid data — will the Error.Raise statement effectively exit the essay on i love my nature, function? Thanks for your comment. The Err.Raise statement generates an error.
When we use “On Error Goto [Label]” the Err.Raise will go searching for the Label. I’ve updated the code to include the as history essays, “On Error Goto” and label to make the essay love my nature, example clearer. Hi Paul, thanks for your post! I’m tryng to handle error raised in a Sub that is called with the “Application.Run” statement and that is located on an external workbook than the caller sub. I write a sample code of this: [ The caller sub in Module1 in File1.xls ] On Error GoTo EH. ‘Call ExternalSub ‘(This line is temporarly commented out) ‘(some lines to handle error) ‘[Called sub in Module1 in File2.xls] On Error GoTo 0 ‘(that means no error handling in sell term paper this sub) Err.Raise 600, “Description of custom error” The result is that the error handler of the Main_Sub is ignored, so the running code breaks on the “Err.Raise 600, …” line inside the my nature, ExternalSub.
If, instead, I write the ExternalSub in a module the same File1.xls of the essay, Main_Sub (and, to call it from the Main_Sub, I comment out the Application.Run line and on i love uncomment the “Call ExternalSub” line), the error is correctly handled by the Main_Sub and state the code runs after the EH label. Could you, please, confirm that the error handling hierarchy fails because I try to essay love use it across macros that are located in oregon state thesis different workbooks? Thanks in advance. The error handling will not work across workbooks. When you call external subs they are running from essay on i, within the other workbook process and not as part of the current one. As History Of Art? You can think of them as different applications. How do we identify and uncheck missing objects in runtime via code? It should be the same code for Excel except for using ActiveWorkbook.VBProject instead of essay on i my nature ActiveDocument.VBProject. First of spine all, I’ll take this opportunity to thank you for your excellent posts. I’ve learned a lot from them!
Using ActiveWorkbook.VBProject gives me the error “Method ‘VBProject’ of object ‘_workbook’ Failed. This error can be taken care of by providing some permission for Macros. But that would have to be per user setting. Is there way to use your error-handling pattern without having to change this setting so each user does not have to change this setting. The user has to set permissions for the Macros for security reasons. If you could set them with code then by on i my nature, definition they would be unnecessary. However, these permissions need to be only set once by the user.
The best you can do is check for block quote essay that particular error number. If the error occurs then display instructions on essay love my nature, how to set the permissions. Well, Paul, your site is definitely my favorite pub. I come back every time I can and I stay until I fall under the sell term paper, desk #128521; Thank so much for all the stuff you post and gratulate for the top quality of didactic. Thank Curzio, Glad you like it. You bring us to the Eldorado…
Question: what is your opinion about the essay on i my nature, concept below, is it good/bad/usable, should I change something? Description: this seems to state thesis works for my purpose, even though of course it means that most of on i love times processes goes on after an error has been raised. These 2 procedures are actually the simplified version. In my apps I then have a module named dp (as keyword for thesis lettering debug.print) dedicated to the log of every start, end, error and love my nature values for every Sub/Function/Property to block quote essay the immediate and to a text file. On I Love My Nature? I wrote it before you brought me to the Watch and Local windows, as well the debug.assert method (again I’m deeply grateful). Finally the result is very handy and I would like to keep it in addition with Watch/Local/Assert: I run a process and then I look in the Log File for errors and values. After development the sell term paper, log file can help debugging if other users reports some issues. In the sub testErrorHandling errors are not expected, whereas in the sub testCatchError they are and handled automatically or with user interaction.
I tried to add a On Error GoTo -1 (excluded in essay on i my nature code as comment), but then it runs in to essay a error loop (20 Resume without error) Private Sub testErrorHandling() On Error GoTo ErrorHandling. Debug.Print .Number, .Description. Private Sub testCatchError()
On Error GoTo ErrorHandling. Dim xPath As String. Dim xDirectory As String. Dim xErr As Integer. xPath = ThisWorkbook.Path .PathSeparator “vbLogFolder” xDirectory = Dir(xPath, vbDirectory) If xErr = 68 Then. Debug.Print .Number, .Description. Thanks and kind regards. I’m not 100 percent clear on on i love my nature, your concept but I will cover a few points that you raised. Logging is a great idea and is part of most professional software applications. Logging to the Immediate Window can be useful but it is block essay, limited because using the debug tools are better to fix the problem.
The best use of love Logging is when we give the application to a user. We can log both errors, warnings and information to a text file. If there is an oregon, error we can look in the log file to see what occurred. Using Resume Next to handle a general error is not a good idea. Essay Love My Nature? Once an error has occurred your application is invalid and it may result in further errors or incorrect data. The only sell term paper, time you should use Resume Next is when you know the essay on i my nature, error will not affect the rest of the code. In other words, the error is one that you expected may happen and know how to handle it. I hope this helps. Thanks Paul, this helps a lot. I have some improvements to do… #128578; I’ve been trying your code for the complete error handling but I just can’t get it to work properly.
Going through it line by line, it runs fine until the “Err.Raise” in the “RaiseError” helper sub, which simply displays the error and gives the options of debugging or ending. I assume that it’s intended to have raised the error in the higher level sub, which would then handled by its “On Error Goto EH” command, but it seems like it simply raises it within the helper function and stops the code right then and there instead. I’ve tried this in Excel 2003 and 2016 and it’s the same thing. Quote Essay? Is there something I’m missing here? How does the error raising go on to the higher level sub instead of just showing the on i love my nature, error when Err.Raise is called in as history of art essays the helper sub? Please ignore my earlier comment about code not working.
I just realized the problem – when testing, I was running the actual sub with the error instead of the essay love, topmost. . . . . Quote? . . . . . . Wow, I can’t believe how long it took me to realize that. Thank you for the excellent tutorial by the way, this methodology really works great! Thank’s Peter. Glad you like it. I typically use error handling as you describe where I have an error handler in my main function and most subs’s messages get caught there. However, I run into trouble when I need to turn on Resume Next for the sake of checking for nothing, because my ErrorHandler is now out of on i my nature scope.
What’s the solution for that? I have a simple example below. On Error GoTo ErrorHandler. On Error Resume Next. Set objFile = objFSO.OpenTextFile(fileLocation fileName, 1) On Error GoTo ErrorHandler ‘ Fails to essay compile, out of scope. If objFile Is Nothing Then. Call Err.Raise(2009, , “Out File doesn’t exist.”)
You can use the Dir function to my nature check if a file exists. It won’t find other file errors though.