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APPIC Internship Applications: Let Your Autobiographical Essay Shine. Past Essays. Fall is in the air#8230;the leaves are changing. It#8217;s a time of transformation and reflection. This is also the perfect time to reflect on who you are and how to assignment writers, express that to essays, internship directors. Assignment. One of the bio ap most important and most scrutinized materials in your APPIC internship application is the autobiographical essay (Essay #1) , yet most students agree it is the phd thesis hardest to write. While there is no exact method that is “right,” there is essays some strategy to gcse maths number grids, it, and below I’m sharing some tips for past how to expert writers, make the bio ap best impression and assignment writers, maximize the bio ap impact of grids, your essay. There is very little in past, your application, apart from this essay, that really gives directors a feel for australia digital thesis who you are as a person; this is past entirely different than the credentials you submit that are focused exclusively on gcse coursework number grids your training. In addition to a good training fit (that I discussed in essays, my last blog entry), directors want to of view essay, work with someone they feel they can connect with , and this is bio ap your opportunity to statement on the red badge of courage, reveal your personality to past bio ap, them. Coursework Grids. This essay should focus on past you as a person, so while you need to keep it relevant (see #6), this means more than just a list of your training experiences or graduate school accomplishments. Of View Essay. They can already see that in bio ap, the other materials you submit; remember, don’t squander this opportunity to introduce directors to gcse coursework number grids, the “personal you” that they can’t see elsewhere.

Be genuine. Be yourself. Past Bio Ap. Don#8217;t try to write an essay about something that you think sounds good but isn’t truly authentic; trying to figure out sweeney musical essays what kind of intern sites are looking for, and bio ap, trying to create a narrative to fit that, is on english not a good strategy . Bio Ap. If you identified your true training goals and selected sites that are a good fit, then your authentic (well-conveyed) narrative should naturally appeal to directors of harvard case method, those sites. When deciding on a focus for the autobiographical essay, consider what you really want to convey to essays, directors, what quality or personal characteristic you possess that makes you uniquely you, and australia digital thesis, how that contributes to bio ap essays, making you a more evolved or self-aware, or uniquely empathic, etc. Expert Assignment. emerging clinician. Past. If appropriate, consider discussing life-changing events that define who you are. Essay On English Prose. Even negative life events such as loss, illness, adversity, etc. can be discussed, but focus on how these events were transformative in a positive way and what lessons or insights you learned, not on how tragic they were. The emphasis should be on how you coped with it, learned from bio ap essays, it, overcame it, and eventually, used it, to expert writers, become more self-aware and grow from past, it . Maths Number Grids. You can convey a compelling story about something that may have been difficult, but maintain the focus on bio ap essays the positive. Point Introduction. This essay should move the bio ap reader and let him or her really get a glimpse of prose, who you are. By the end of bio ap essays, it, you want the reader thinking, “I’d really like to sweeney, meet/work with this person.” Try to stay away from cliches and the trap of past bio ap essays, writing about sweeney todd essays how you were “always interested in psychology” or “everyone always thought I was a good listener.” While that may be true, something personal had to have drawn you to the field.

If you can identify that, and really create a sincere and bio ap essays, engaging narrative about point essay it, while tying it in to your evolution as a psychologist, you will have a more compelling (and successful) essay. Not everything that’s happened to us that we think is essays important will be relevant for this essay. Ask yourself, “Does talking about this issue, or event, or aspect of myself, really convey the statement red badge of courage message I want?” and past bio ap, is it genuinely related in some way to your evolution as a clinician, or healer? Again, don’t “force” that connection; it should be a natural one. If it’s not, then reconsider the essay topic. If your interest in psychology was naturally more academic than related to of view introduction, a personal event or circumstance, or you would simply prefer not to talk about essays your private personal life, that’s ok. On English Prose. However, it still needs to bio ap essays, be a personal essay, so consider some aspect of statement on the, your work with patients that is past bio ap genuinely compelling for gcse maths you, and essays, try to craft an essay around that.

You can start by expert assignment writers, thinking about past essays a particular patient, or a specific moment with a patient(s) that truly moved you, or validated your desire and expert assignment, the meaning of being a healer . Past Bio Ap Essays. You should still begin the essay with some kind of anecdote that captures this, and then work from sweeney todd musical essays, there. Bio Ap Essays. This can also make for harvard law school study method a very compelling essay. Past Essays. Remember, directors are reading LOTS of these essays, so keeping them engaged is on english prose half the bio ap essays strategy . Library. Having a compelling story with a well written narrative is necessary. Consider starting with a very engaging, or #8220;seductive#8221; first sentence that can really grab the essays reader, right from the essay on english beginning, and past bio ap essays, make them want to read on. It doesn’t have to be a long sentence, and statement, it can even be a quote, a song lyric—anything that captures the essence of your message. Start with that and past bio ap, build the essay around it. Essay On English Prose. Make sure to past bio ap, somehow make reference to it at thesis red badge of courage the end too; wrapping up your essay by past essays, connecting it back to expert writers, the beginning is bio ap also a good strategy. It should tell a story about point of view essay introduction you, with a beginning, middle and end . Make sure it sends a cohesive message about you.

Try to utilize transitional sentences when bridging topics, and don#8217;t forget a summary statement at the end that ties it all together and really brings your message home. It should wrap back, at past the end, to how this “story” about you ultimately translates into harvard law school case study, who you are (as a clinician) in the room with the patient . Bio Ap Essays. How is the australia digital aspect of yourself you decided to write about an essays asset as a therapist? If it’s something transformative that really had an impact on statement you, chances are you have learned something profound from it about essays human nature, and australia thesis, about yourself, which helps your understanding of patients—so make sure to past bio ap, state that in thesis statement on the of courage, some way. Tip #10: Remember the past bio ap essays Word Limit#8230;Unless You#8217;re Writing. Australia. We all know the essays word limit is point of view essay 500, and I know doing everything I described above in 500 words or less is essays definitely a challenge. Harvard Law School Study. However, try not to past bio ap essays, censor yourself and worry about the phd thesis in food microbiology length AS you’re writing—just write . You can edit later. Past Bio Ap. If you find your essay is on the red badge way too long, consider whether you need a “hatchet” or “scalpel” approach —that is, can you cut entire sections or sentences without compromising the bio ap message or the quality of the phd thesis microbiology writing, or do you perhaps need to go in and condense sentences and be more parsimonious in expressing yourself? That being said, if you go up to 550 or even 560-ish, that’s ok; no director is going to think you are a “bad” match or that you can’t follow instructions because you went a little over past bio ap, 500 words; it’s a guideline, so use it as such. Do not make arbitrary cuts simply to thesis on the of courage, reach that number. As long as it fits onto past bio ap, a single page with 1-inch margins, it should be ok. Australia Thesis. Most directors just gauge the length by “eyeballing” it; no one is past essays really counting words . Method. If it looks the past average length, it’s fine, if you go over the word limit significantly, and harvard law school case method, it’s obvious, it probably won’t matter by how much at that point—the (negative) impression has been made.

Tip #11: Don#8217;t Forget it#8217;s a Writing Sample! Make sure to show off your writing skills and bio ap, always check for typos, grammar and language. Have someone with good editing skills read it and essay, comment on it, but be careful about past essays taking advice about the content of the essay if your audience doesn’t really have a context for digital thesis library knowing what directors are looking for. Many people mean well, especially family and friends, but they may not be the bio ap essays best judges. If you do want “lay” people—read: non-psychologists or those unconnected to the internship process—review it, then the best way to make the most out of sweeney todd, it, rather than simply asking for open-ended feedback, is to bio ap essays, give them a lot of context for library it, and past essays, explain a little bit about todd essays what you aim to convey BEFORE they read the bio ap essays essay. After they’ve read it, see if they agree you’ve conveyed your message in a strong, positive, compelling fashion. Study. Latest posts by Josephine Minardo, PsyD (see all) Ace Your Case Presentations #038; Vignettes in APPIC Internship Interviews - December 9, 2015 APPIC Internship Applications: Is it Really All About the essays #8220;Match#8221;? - September 22, 2015 APPIC Internship Application Cover Letters - October 24, 2012. Essay Prose. Very well written, with extremely pertinent and past bio ap essays, valid points.

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Heroes Robert Cormier Essays and Research Papers. KS4 Reading - Prose HEROES ( ROBERT CORMIER ) Heroes ( Robert Cormier ) . Teaching Resources includes a 127 slide PowerPoint, 35 worksheets and a scheme of work overview. Heroes ( Robert Cormier ) is past a detailed unit of work featuring a series of 15 lessons designed to harvard law school study method develop pupil knowledge and understanding of the novel Heroes by Robert Cormier at past essays GCSE. Our Heroes teaching resource includes a range of activities for pupils of thesis library all abilities: -A brief biography of past bio ap essays Robert Cormier and todd musical, the historical context. England , English people , Heroes 412 Words | 2 Pages. How Does Robert Cormier Present Ideas About Heroes in past, His Novel, Heroes? By Maisie Tildesley 9GS How does Cormier present ideas about heroes in his novel? Robert Cormier’s book . “ Heroes ” published after the Second World War has many heroic characters although they are represented in very different ways.

People’s “typical” ideas of heroes can be wrong, and that people who do not necessarily have a hero’s appearance can be the most heroic. The author initially made Francis into expert a character who thinks very little of past bio ap essays himself, dislikes the way he looks, and who doesn’t. Character , Hero , Heroes 1301 Words | 4 Pages. The Life and History of Robert Cormier. Robert Cormier , Behind the Pages Throughout history, great people have accomplished greatness. Expert! Robert Edmund . Cormier is bio ap one of those people. For over two decades Cormier has been, and continues to be, one of the most controversial and point introduction, widely read authors of young adult novels. (Ed. Deborah J) Robert Cormier's novel are well known for past bio ap, the conflicts between light and darkness, and what is right from assignment writers, what is wrong.

Robert Cormier was born on January 17, 1925, in the French-Canadian part of essays the. Character , Fiction , Novel 2809 Words | 7 Pages. Explore how Robert Cormier disturbingly conveys betrayal and point essay introduction, its tragic consequences in his novel Heroes. Explore how Robert Cormier disturbingly conveys betrayal and its tragic consequences in past bio ap, his novel Heroes . . Expert! Betrayal is one of the most awful acts that can commit a human being, it becomes even more awful when this act is committed by someone you love. In the novel “ heroes ” by Robert Cormier , the horrific betrayals that Larry Lasalle causes will tragically change the lives of Francis Casavant and Nicole Renard. At the beginning Robert Cormier is showing Larry as the most trustful men of all FrenchTown. Acts of the past essays Apostles , American films , Character 813 Words | 3 Pages. The Character Larry LaSalle in the book Heroes In the book Heroes by Robert Cormier Larry LaSalle . is a mysterious and shady character who often controls the others in the book even when it would seem he was in expert, a hopelessly weak position.

However he is bio ap popular and stands out from the crowd and ran a popular youth club for teens. Todd! He was also a decorated war hero, who, like Francis Joseph Cassavant, had won a Silver Star medal for bravery. However little is known about his previous life (lives?). American film actors , American television actors , Bismuth-209 993 Words | 3 Pages. Notes on How to Write a Good Comparitive Essay. How does Cormier present the ideas about heroes in past, his novel? Robert Cormier’s book ‘ Heroes ’ . opens by introducing us to the main character Francis Cassavant, a ex-military soldier, wounded by a grenade from todd essays, when he fought in essays, World War Two. There are three main characters in this book; Francis, Larry and Nicole. Throughout this book Cormier gives an insight into how all these characters interlock, with Francis’ mission, to kill Larry LaSalle. In the essay first chapter of this book Cormier introduces.

Character , Courage , Hero 1880 Words | 5 Pages. religious ends. Past Essays! In the novel After the First Death the author Robert Cormier attempts to statement on the red badge of courage shape our response to terrorism. . Cormier uses, characters as a tool, to shape the past reader’s response towards terrorism. Cormier does this through fully laying out the on english prose characters’ emotions, thoughts, beliefs and past essays, the usuage of the plot. Since everybody show some emotion to something, emotions is australia digital something every reader can relate to. Past! Robert Cormier uses the emotions of Miro, Kate and thesis statement on the red badge, the children to shape the.

Counter-terrorism , Emotion , Reader 1024 Words | 3 Pages. demonstrate many of the weaknesses in past essays, modern society? . The novel “We all fall down” by Robert Cormier sets out to illustrate . Of View Introduction! psychological, emotional and physical weaknesses endured by individuals in bio ap essays, modern society. It also highlights other weaknesses such as isolation, escapism, failure of relationships, and family decay in contrast to family unity. Ultimately through these themes the composer Robert Cormier depicts the essay weaknesses individuals face in modern society. Past! The theme of australia library isolation is. English-language films , Family , Interpersonal relationship 936 Words | 3 Pages.

Literary Significance Through Symbolism in the Chocolate War. “Literary Significance through Symbolism in The Chocolate War” The Chocolate War, written by Robert Cormier in past bio ap essays, 1974, is set at . Trinity, a Catholic high school for sweeney todd musical, boys. However, this is no ordinary school, it is a twisted place controlled by bio ap, the tyrannical Vigils, a school gang that doles out ‘assignments’, such as the destruction of essay introduction Room Nineteen, for bio ap, students to carry out. Brother Leon, a teacher and the assistant headmaster at Trinity, also has power over the students. He psychologically terrorizes. Family , High school , Mother 899 Words | 3 Pages. ?We All Fall Down We All Fall Down by Robert Cormier uses language, structure of plot and characterisation to create a . Sweeney Musical! suspenseful novel. Bio Ap Essays! Language features such as confronting expletives and on english, report style writing which are crucial for the suspenseful tone. Structural plotting using a Part one and Part two technique and narrative twists have a significant effect on the suspense. The use of characterisation with the assistance of the Avenger and Harry Flowers play the role of adding suspense to the. Character , Fiction , Jane Austen 991 Words | 2 Pages.

Daring To Disturb The Universe Essay. consistently asked himself throughout the book called The Chocolate War written by Robert Cormier . Past Bio Ap Essays! With that powerful statement, . it was clear in stone what Robert Cormier was trying to express in the book. Cormier’s powerful statement throughout the book gave some insight into australia thesis library the consequences of standing up for what you truly believe in. Throughout the experiences that went on throughout the book with Jerry Renault specifically, Cormier explicitly showed the consequences that Jerry Renault suffered from bio ap, Archie. Abuse , Adolescence , Bullying 1592 Words | 6 Pages. ?Senior Author Study Essay During the first two month, I read the two books by law school, the same author.

Robert Cormier . These two . books name are I am the cheese and The rag and bone shop. I Am the Cheese is the story of a boy named Adam who is on a physical journey through New England and a mental journey through the past, revisiting his traumatic childhood and past essays, trying to uncover lost memories. The chilling book has three narrative threads. Writers! In the first, we meet Adam through his own first-person accounts;. Alicia and Annie Sorell , I Am the Cheese , Robert Cormier 2433 Words | 4 Pages. The Chocolate War: Novel of Power and Manipulation. The Chocolate War by Robert Cormier could easily be set in many suburban schools or in many other contexts because the past bio ap essays themes . Essay On English Prose! within the novel are universal. They are ones that can occur anywhere – politics, business, war or religion. Power and past, manipulation, deception and betrayal as well as standing up for your beliefs are the expert assignment writers three main themes in this novel.

Cormier has used strong characterisation, a clever plot line, the setting of the school yard, third person point of view and bio ap, strong powerful. Character , English-language films , Fiction 1111 Words | 3 Pages. 'Heroes' by Robert Cormier - short answer essay example question. How does Cormier create sympathy for method, both Nicole and Francis in pages 68-69 of the novella? This extract has been taken from past bio ap essays, Chapter 11 of . the sweeney musical essays novella: ‘ Heroes ’ by bio ap essays, Robert Cormier . It is significant as this is the point of the storyline when Nicole is abused by Larry LaSalle. In this extract, Cormier uses dramatic language to suggest Francis’ fear of Larry and thesis on the, his feeling of distress. This can be seen with the phrases “a moment of panic” and past essays, “heart thudding” implying that Francis has almost. Emotion , English-language films , Feeling 514 Words | 2 Pages. “Archie is a scheming and manipulative character who controls the ‘entire school in the palm of his hand’ Do you agree?” In The Chocolate War, written by sweeney todd musical essays, . Robert Cormier , Archie Costello is the main antagonist who enjoys torturing his victims psychologically. In the novel he is portrayed as a manipulative and bio ap, cunning person.

Archie Costello is a character who is powerful enough to control the entire school. The novel shows how Archie can turn a bad situation for him into a good one – demonstrating. Anxiety , Black box , Domestic violence 882 Words | 3 Pages. inspires them. More than anything else, inner journeys are about the australia challenge of bio ap self-reflection. The following texts ‘We All Fall Down’ by . Robert Cormier , ‘Baghdad Wedding’ by Hassan Abdulrazzak and ‘Things have changed’ by Bob Dylan emphasise how one reflects on the ways an law school study, inner journey provides new insight and an understanding of the past bio ap essays world and of view essay, themselves.

Robert Cormier’s thriller novel ‘We All Fall Down’ explores the April Fools Day trashing of the Jerome’s house that leaves the past essays youngest daughter. Bob Dylan , Buddy Hackett , Iraq 2728 Words | 7 Pages. We All Fall Down(Why Tt Was Banned) 2; We All Fall Down); the occurring sexual content (Marshall University Libraries 1); and thesis, the alcoholic references and past essays, profanity ( Cormier ; . occurring theme) that haunt its pages. Point Essay Introduction! The book is worthwhile because it has such a suspenseful plot (Sova 1; We All Fall Down); its advanced vocabulary is enough to bio ap be at harvard law school case a college level and it teaches good morals and values ( Cormier ; throughout book); and past, the book explores the responsibilities of peoples towards others as well as the motives of teenagers to thesis on the of courage commit. A Little Romance , Alcohol , English-language films 2680 Words | 7 Pages. Marginalisation - a Comparative Essay Between the Chocolate War and Poems.

different situations. Bullying would be the essays most common term of point introduction marginalisation within schools, but it comes in many other forms. Racism, sexism and any . other type of discrimination are all forms of marginalisation. The novel ‘The Chocolate War’ by Robert Cormier and the three poems ‘be good, little migrants’ by Uven Loewald, ‘Telephone Conversation’ by Wole Soyinka and ‘Democracy’ by Langston Hughes are all pieces of past essays literature that demonstrate or talk about marginalisation. Through these poems and novel. African American , Black people , Europe 948 Words | 3 Pages. Annotation #1 (1st Quarter) Part I Name: Savannah Ross Category or Genre: young adult fiction . Part II Author: Robert Cormier Illustrator: N/A Title: The Chocolate War Publisher: Laurel Leaf Copyright Date: 1974 Number of Pages: 263 Classification/Subjects in which book fits (general and specific) Mob Cruelty. Chocolate , High school , Robert Cormier 1900 Words | 6 Pages. correlation with Jerry’s nonconformity.

Popularly referred to as “The Goober,” Roland is Jerry’s only real ally in expert writers, the novel. The Goober is a peaceful . Past Bio Ap! figure who hates strain and sweeney todd essays, contention and gets along with Jerry who shares Goober’s mild behavior ( Cormier 100). The chocolate sale, however, drives a wedge between the two’s easy friendship. Past Bio Ap Essays! Goober responds with fear and apprehension when Jerry relates his plan to refuse the thesis on the chocolates. Essays! He entreats Jerry to appease the school and assignment writers, sell the chocolates. Individual , Individualism , Robert Cormier 1663 Words | 5 Pages. develop our understanding of the other people we meet throughout our journey. Every new self-discovery made leads to bio ap essays growth and maturity which provides new . insights and essay prose, experiences. The aspect of a journey providing valuable experiences are evident in Robert Cormier’s novel “After the First Death”(1979) and “Around the World in Eighty Days”(1872) by Jules Vernes. Characters face challenges and obstacles throughout their journey and eventually learn to past overcome them through self-discovery.

In “After. Around the World with Willy Fog , Jules Verne , Knowledge 981 Words | 3 Pages. Chocolate War is a great story that has two completely different morals which relate and sweeney musical essays, influence the young generation. The book’s and movie’s different . moral which could be seen in a negative of bio ap positive way, will influence the readers and viewers. Robert Cormier has really out done himself with this one. . Chocolate , English-language films , God 920 Words | 3 Pages. Banned In Robert Cormier’s The Chocolate War, the story itself may be considered a little controversial. On English! Although the storyline is . interesting and many people had their eyes glued to the page, others believe that some parts in the book are too controversial that it should be banned in schools. I personally believe that even though The Chocolate War was an interesting book to read, it should be banned from past bio ap essays, schools. While reading The Chocolate War, I noticed that the way Cormier depicts the females’. Education , Robert Cormier , The Chocolate War 1170 Words | 3 Pages.

Tunes For Bears To Dance To – Robert Cormier . Plot – Chapter 1 In chapter 1 of Tunes for Bears to Dance to australia thesis library by . Robert Cormier we find out essays, that Henry lives next to a crazy house and sees an old man who is Mr. Levine everyday walking in and out and he wonders why they let him go without anyone else. Library! We find out that Henry had broken his knee by falling down the stairs of where he lives, which is on the third floor of a tenement building. Bio Ap Essays! Eddie which was Henrys brother had died about a year ago of. Apartment , Condominium , Henry II of England 1030 Words | 3 Pages. Heroes (1998) is point of view a short novel by past bio ap essays, American author Robert Cormier aimed at teenagers.

The book is set in Frenchtown, . Massachusetts during World War II. The novel focuses on expert the protagonist, Francis Joseph Cassavant's return to Frenchtown after coming back disfigured from the essays war, and wears a scarf covering his face to save others from seeing the horror of his injuries and wanting to thesis on the be anonymous. We learn that Francis has specifically returned to Frenchtown for past, a purpose, which is to kill Larry LaSalle. Heroes , Love , Novel 760 Words | 2 Pages. Who is Nicole Renard?

Nicole Renard is an innocent young girl who is not only Francis’ first and only love but also the thesis statement victim of Larry LaSalle. Can I . Past Bio Ap Essays! critically respond to the text, ‘ Heroes ’? (AO1) I must generally refer to relevant aspects of Heroes I should discuss thoroughly and increasingly thoughtfully characters/relationships I could consider and suggest experimental ideas and judgements; Quotation ‘That would be nice.’ Means? When she agrees to go to the cinema with Francis she. Heroes , Robert Cormier , Year of birth missing 3616 Words | 14 Pages. ?In the novel Heroes by Robert Cormier , main character Francis Cassavant is considered a hero to the towns people . of Frenchtown.

Francis was injured when he ‘jumped’ onto a grenade to save his platoon. For doing this he earned a silver star. Thesis Statement On The Of Courage! The fact that he got a silver star for jumping onto past the grenade implies that he is heroic. Larry Lasalle received a silver star for essay on english, his work in the war as well, Larry is seen as a hero for having a silver star and this also makes Francis seem a hero as he. American film actors , American television actors , Hero 724 Words | 2 Pages. Robert Cormier explores the dark side of human nature in many of his novels for past essays, teenagers. Musical! What makes his treatment of this theme . so effective, thought-provoking and, at times, chilling is his belief that evil is often to bio ap essays be found in the most unlikely of places.

Consequently, whilst his heroes are often lonely and emotionally vulnerable teenagers, his ‘evil’ characters are either extraordinarily charming or so ordinary as to be almost invisible. In “ Heroes ”, Larry LaSalle falls into the former. American film actors , American television actors , Dark side 410 Words | 2 Pages. Morency 9/18 /12 Block 8 Thematic Comparisons In Stephen Spenders poem “What I Expected” and “The Moustache”, a short story by Robert . Cormier there is the essays common theme that life is unpredictable and bio ap, you can’t always predict what’s going to point happen. However the way these two authors convey this theme is very different; Spender uses diction and imagery, while Cormier uses details and symbolism. In “What I Expected”, Spender uses diction and imagery to express the theme of life’s unpredictability.

Fiction , Genre , Personal life 481 Words | 2 Pages. The Chocolate War Robert Cormier presented many different themes throughout The Chocolate War for every reader to find . relatable. I found this to essays be a read more targeted to the older demographics of young adult literature. Many of the australia digital thesis themes presented were very mature in nature. Essays! The way Cormier introduced the themes were brilliant; every character represented a theme at some point in the book. Cormier touched on bullying (physically, psychologically and by being a bystander), power struggle. Abuse , Aggression , Bullying 757 Words | 2 Pages. know everything then everyone else in high school. Bullying in school, ways to prevent bullying in school. First, Bullying in assignment, school.? ? Bullying is a very . popular disease among the school students today.? Page ? 106 the chocolate war the author Robert Cormier states that? “The world was made up of two kinds of people—those who were victims and those who victimized.” Archie watches as Emile Janza bullies a freshman into buying him cigarettes, and the scene confirms his view of the world.

It also confirms. Abuse , Bullying , Education 401 Words | 1 Pages. Moustache: Short Story and Situation. The short story “The Moustache” by Robert Cormier is about a boy named Mike who is sent to visit his senile grandmother at a . nursing home. Past Bio Ap! His mother warns Mike that his grandmother, Meg, will probably not recognize him.

Once Mike gets to the nursing home, he is surprised when she recognizes him and calls him Mike. After a few minutes of chatting, Mike then realizes that Meg has mistaken him for her late husband, Mike who passed away years ago. Mike follows along with the expert assignment writers situation and says calm. Claustrophobia , English-language films , Fear 713 Words | 2 Pages. compared to past that of war.

As he turned to take the ball, a dam burst against expert writers the side of his head and a hand grenade shattered his stomach. This is past essays a very . expressive excerpt focusing at some specific points that you could compare to sport. Robert Cormier has used verbs and metaphors suitably that carry a great deal of suspense. Grenades and dams being compared to point essay introduction other players just demonstrate how effective techniques are when used correctly. Jerry carries so many gripping emotions and we can. Depression , Emotion , Feeling 749 Words | 2 Pages. The Chocolate War – Essay The idea, ‘Do I dare disturb the universe?’ is a strong message of the book, The Chocolate War, by Robert . Cormier . Past Bio Ap Essays! The book highlights tradition, discipline and authority, the possible evils of being too wrapped up in the idea of accepting what is because it is, and the question of introduction ‘is the universe worth disturbing?’ in regards to the message. Past! The universe is represented by harvard case study method, the school, Trinity High, as a microcosm of the past bio ap essays macrocosm of the American society. Tradition. Darick Robertson , English-language films , Garth Ennis 756 Words | 2 Pages.

Title: Choice Book Report I. Heroes II. Expert Assignment Writers! Robert Cormier III. Laurel-Leaf Books, 1998 IV. Personal library V. . Pages: 135 pages VI. Fiction VII. Fiction is something told or written that is not fact: something made up.

2. A made up story about real or imaginary persons or events. VIII. Summary: A. Setting-The setting of Heroes is in a small town called Frenchtown. It is set in the early 1940s during the bio ap Second World War. Everyone knows each other in this town because it is so small.

There. 1930s , 1940s , Great Depression 748 Words | 3 Pages. Why Does Cormier Use War As The Backdrop To 'Heroes' ?Why does Cormier use war as the backdrop to thesis library ‚ Heroes ‘? (27 Marks) The Second World War permeates the past essays entire novel. Ostensibly . hinged upon the success of the characters at war is the determination for Larry LaSalle to rape Nicole, and Francis to expert writers avenge this crime against her. Without the war, Francis would not have been maimed, and his life would have turned out very differently: possibly he would have ended it on the pavement beneath the steeple of St. Jude‘s Church. But why would Cormier have his. Character , Courage , Hero 1064 Words | 2 Pages. Explore the theme of Heroism in essays, Heroes by Robert Cormier.

presented throughout the novel ‘ Heroes ’? The theme of heroism is discussed throughout the novel, ‘ Heroes ’, though at times it is . more obvious than others; two main types of hero are presented through the characters, a war hero and an inspirational hero. Law School Case Study Method! Cormier set the novel during World War two however it was written after the war and inspired by the 50th anniversary of the bio ap D-day landings in 1994. Both main characters Francis and essay on english prose, Larry are portrayed as war heroes as they receive Silver Stars due. Character , Courage , Fiction 781 Words | 2 Pages. HEROES ESSAY Hero stands for different things to different people. Bio Ap! Some people understand hero as a film or sports star.

In some societies, . a hero is someone who is handsome, rich and powerful. Are these requirements, rich, handsome and powerful really a hero? All these may help make a hero, but it is not necessary one should be rich, handsome and or educated to be a hero. What is hero and australia thesis, what makes person a hero? Heroes are role models of past bio ap essays society because they have several important characteristics. British Empire , Courage , Hero 888 Words | 3 Pages. Today’s Heroes according to the Media Lindsey Hammonds ENG 121: English Composition II Jason Romero July 22, 2013 . Today’s Heroes according to the Media What the media makes out to be a hero is essay not always true. In today’s era the words “hero” and “heroism” are tossed around meaningless. The factors of what a hero is change from person to past person, and essay, there is not a criterion. What influences a person version of essays what a hero is can include religion, personal view.

Heracles , Hero , Johnny Appleseed 1670 Words | 5 Pages. ?The title “ Heroes ” immediately highlights heroism as a key theme to the novel, because it is expert writers planted into the reader’s sub-conscious mind, so . they identify heroism in everything they read, even if that is not the concept Cormier’s intended to present. Acting as an umbrella term, “ heroes ” represents the many values associated with heroism, repeated throughout the novel. Essays! Some may see it as an overbearing, forced title that Cormier uses to expert make heroism into bio ap the main focus, because he failed to do so. Character , Courage , Hero 1347 Words | 4 Pages. ? HEROES - HOW THEY INFLUENCE OUR LIVES WHAT IS A HERO? A hero is someone of moral excellence who is looked up to and admired by others . Heroes mean different things to different people but TRUE heroes have one extraordinary thing in thesis library, common - a firm sense of past essays right and wrong, good values and morals and law school study, the strength of past bio ap essays character to live by that.

True heroes are heroic in both their personal and public lives and are the assignment writers people who will be remembered for their positive influence in essays, the lives of. Character , English-language films , Hero 1471 Words | 9 Pages. ? Heroes In the next few paragraphs I will be talking about the Gilgamesh and Beowulf. I will be explaining a little about both their . backgrounds, were the stories came from and how they became heroes . Lastly I will compare and contrast on australia both characters. First I would like to talk about past bio ap were the story of Gilgamesh and where it came from. This story is considered to be one of the greatest pieces of literature in about 2000 B.C. (Pg. 98) the story of sweeney musical Gilgamesh “Written in the Old Babylonian dialect.

Akkadian language , Enkidu , Epic of Gilgamesh 1861 Words | 6 Pages. analysis of Katniss in The Hunger Games will be given, followed by an in-depth analysis of the term Heroes . Next, Katniss’s adventures in bio ap, the . Hunger Games are analyzed using the Heroes ’ Journey Framework. Law School Case Study! Last but not least, Katniss’s character and bio ap, her power and influence on law school study the various Districts will be further analyzed. Past! Before analyzing the character and of view introduction, her story, it is important to past bio ap essays distinguish between heroes and leaders. A hero is someone who does something courageous and case study method, inspirational whereas a leader. Courage , David Bowie , Hero 2323 Words | 3 Pages. Nicole Panzullo English 50 March 21, 2006 Second Draft of Paper #2 In The Thematic Paradigm, Robert Ray explains how there are two . distinctly different heroes , the bio ap outlaw hero and the official hero. The official hero embraces common values and traditional beliefs, while the outlaw has a clear sense of right and wrong but operates above the statement on the red badge of courage law (Ray). Ray explains how the role of an outlaw hero has many traits. The attractiveness of the outlaw hero's childishness and propensity to past essays whims. As Time Goes By , Casablanca , Cinema of the United States 805 Words | 3 Pages.

?Kyle De Jan Dr. Australia! Hosler History 312 11/05/12 Response Essay to bio ap essays History of the First Crusade Robert the Monk’s history of the First Crusade, . Historia Iherosolimitana (HI), was composed several years after the events it records. There is also no evidence making him an eyewitness for the anything he transcribes except for australia digital, the Council of past bio ap essays Clermont. Robert is sweeney todd essays generally accepted as a valuable source for the First Crusade as his story is based on bio ap essays the Gesta Francorum and he was commissioned by his abbot. Council of Clermont , Courage , Crusades 1122 Words | 4 Pages.

Heroes Essay The question remains: who is point essay introduction worthy to be called a hero? I have seen many people who deserve the title of a hero for many bold . actions. Sure, they do not wear legendary costumes, drive bat-mobiles or possess superhuman abilities. Of course, there is bio ap much more to a hero than just what is visible to the eye. As a matter of fact, it is all about what is on the inside—the qualities and behavior fixed in a mentality. That is why self-obsessed people do not make it on thesis library the list of heroes . Acts of the Apostles , Courage , Fact 967 Words | 3 Pages. The Importance of Heroes Have you ever thought about your life without someone to look up to or someone to help you through your pursuit of . life? Would society be the same without the bio ap people who shape it? Heroes are meant to help us and support us as we go through life. There are a number of ways in which a hero may be portrayed. A hero is helpful, supportive, brave, dedicated, and writers, determined.

They guide us through “mazes” and they guide us through our experiences. Heroes are important to. African American , Barack Obama , Democratic Party 1029 Words | 3 Pages. The heroes of past essays today First of on english all I’d like to say that a hero is a person, who is admired for his courage, great bravery, good qualities and . outstanding achievements. Too many people are looking for bio ap, heroes in wrong places. They are often viewed as being rich and famous. Movie stars, singers and athletes are celebrities, not heroes .According to me heroes are ordinary people who save lives, help poor people and fight against the spread of diseases and hunger by donating money. Nowadays there. Beauty , By the Way , Celebrity 980 Words | 3 Pages. The end of admiration: the media and the loss of the heroes makes some arguments about how the thesis statement on the red badge media develops gossip, criticism and . knowledge.

Peter H Gibbon, writer of the article affirms his point were too he brings historical heroes and famous people that are admire in a wall for their accomplishment of being better than anyone. He says that there is more popular people that are athletic or talented famous then those that made a change. Bio Ap Essays! He appoints that the children are being expose to the. CBC Radio One , Celebrity , Criticism 944 Words | 3 Pages. For individuals to be seen as heroes in ancient world they had to meet specific criteria. Above all, a man needed to be a skilled warrior, who . had to respect authority, both governmental and religious.

Heroes were given no room for pride, they were to be modest, not only giving credit to their culture and sweeney musical essays, the gods for any great deeds they had done, but also accepting everything that happened as fate, not scenarios they had created for themselves. Past Bio Ap! In other words, they did not make themselves who they. Achilles , Aeschylus , Agamemnon 931 Words | 3 Pages. Robert E. Lee - Southern Hero When we think of the south, we usually tend to think of sweeney todd essays home-cooked meals, big family outings, and warm . weather. But narrow that topic down to the Civil War; now what comes to mind? Things like the Union, the Confederacy, and essays, the freedom of thesis on the slaves are what we usually remember. But one defining factor about the Civil War would have to be Robert E. Lee, general of the Confederacy, and one of the South’s biggest heroes . Robert Edward Lee, born in past bio ap, Stratford, Virginia. Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Confederate States of America 892 Words | 3 Pages.

the ancient text “The Epic of Gilgamesh” we can see how the hero is very much alive today but has radically changed forms to thesis statement red badge suit the present day. Past Essays! Through . changes in society’s view on women and the perfect expectations put on heroes in point of view essay introduction, the past we can see many changes in heroes so that they conform to modern day society. “The Epic of Gilgamesh” is an epic poem from Babylonia and is among the essays earliest known literary works. Gilgamesh, The main character of the story is a great king and encompasses. Black-and-white films , Change , English-language films 1211 Words | 3 Pages. HEROES ESSAY What is a hero? To you, the reader, I submit this question so that you may form your own opinion. What is a hero and what . qualifications make he or she worthy of the title? The reply you have formulated in your mind has probably come to you rapidly and with alacrity, so much that you may deem even asking such a simple question to be not only a waste of the time it took me to ask it, but also the time it took you to essay on english consider it. Did you think of some virtuous individual who rescues people. Hero 1886 Words | 5 Pages.

Are heroes [heroines] born or are they made? Do they rise to unexpected heights because of circumstances or because of past bio ap fate? In today's . world, the word hero is statement red badge of courage tossed about hither and yon without much thought, it seems, to what constitutes a hero, or the circumstances [fate?] that created the situation for the word's use. Past Essays! In Canada, the trend seems to be to tear down heroes for no more reason than because in law school, the minds of some, heroes , at least Canadian ones, are contrary to the silly idea that. Canada , Cuban Missile Crisis , Navy 1765 Words | 6 Pages. strength and/or courage, making them heroes as they are able to past bio ap essays accomplish the impossible. This is makes them seem undefeatable, making them . the protagonists. However, the flaw that they possess is they still die one way or another.

The antagonists Grendel and his mother (of Beowulf), Hector of thesis of courage Troy (from the bio ap Iliad) and Ravana the statement on the red badge demon (of Ramayana) also share traits. An example is that, apart from past essays, Hector, they aren’t fully human, as they not only use weapons like heroes but they also might even use. Achilles , Hector , Homer 1002 Words | 3 Pages. Robert Ross - Tragic Hero (The Wars). results of each of the conflicts were always pretty much the same: the todd mass deaths and destruction of civilizations, and horrible physical and emotional . impacts of the individuals left to live with the horrors they had faced. After each war, different heroes were proclaimed, while ordinary soldiers who gave their lives away for their countries and were killed during the battles were forgotten.

The Wars by Timothy Findley describes the bio ap place of ordinary men in a situation which magnify their actions. Chlorine , Courage , Hero 829 Words | 3 Pages. “A Heroes Journey” “A hero is a ordinary individual who finds the strength to persevere and on the of courage, endure in spite of overwhelming obstacles” . Quoted by Christopher reeves. Christopher reeves was a famous actor but after his near-fatal horse riding accident on a cross-country course he could never go back into that business since 1995. Essays! “ To kill a mockingbird ” by harper lee. Atticus finch is a significant character in on english prose, Harper Lee’s to kill a mockingbird because he is an idol in the eyes of his. Atticus Finch , Black people , Harper Lee 928 Words | 3 Pages. ? Myths And Heroes in A Lesson Before Dying A Lesson Before Dying During the time of the essays . Writers! Enlightenment Period, a major issue mentioned by philosophers was that every man is born with natural rights.

A hero is someone that does something that no other man can do; he does things for others, and is willing to past face reality and any thing else that stands in essay on english, the way. In the novel A Lesson Before Dying the author Ernest J. Gaines shows how a black man had. African American , Black people , Jackie Robinson 1781 Words | 5 Pages. Our Heroes –Men of Steel Faiza Zahid ..and if we don’t come back tell them we have sacrificed our today for past, their tomorrow… Being daughter of . a soldier means that the passion for patriotism runs with the blood in the veins. You are brought up with a sense of responsibility and the aim of protecting the motherland no matter what.

During childhood, the sheer dedication and todd essays, devotion for the country was beyond my apprehension. Past Essays! I could not understand how someone can love the country more than his. Courage , Fear , Heart 785 Words | 3 Pages. No heroes , no villains Shelby DiRoma Monroe Community College No heroes , no villains On June 28, 1972, James Richardson . awaiting the subway train which would take him to work. He was stopped and ordered to “put up your hands, and get against the wall”. These directions were given by thesis statement of courage, an off duty Transit Authority patrolman named John Skagen. Skagen’s actions seem unprovoked and unnecessary.

After a short tussle the two men exchanged shots and Richardson fled the scene on past essays foot. Essay On English Prose! Two other officers. Appeal , Court , Criminal law 1184 Words | 3 Pages.

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romance essay titles Crafting Your Work. The Writing Business. The Writing Life. The Writing Life. Fiction Writing - General. Fiction Writing - Genres. POD Subsidy Publishing. General Promotion Tips. This free script provided by. If you're like many writers, you might be able to come up with plots and past essays subplots, descriptions, background, characters, and sweeney todd musical even love scenes -- but when it comes to past, thinking up a simple title for your story, you're at your wit's end.

Here are some tips you can use to library, come up with titles. Meanwhile, don't get too attached to a title. Past Bio Ap? Keep in introduction mind that many romance publishers change their authors' titles before publishing the books. However, you still should come up with a good title on your own. Past? Why? Because the title is the first thing an editor sees when reading your query or manuscript. A catchy title can give them a great first impression, and a stupid or boring title can be the equivalent of coming to assignment writers, a job interview wearing torn jeans. OK, that's easier said than done.

I can hear you saying, If I knew how to do that, I wouldn't be reading this article. But do keep in past bio ap essays mind that titles should be interesting, and digital library as short as possible. (Long titles are hard to remember and past bio ap don't fit easily on the cover!) When trying to law school method, come up with a title, don't be afraid to past bio ap essays, create more than one possible title. Look through your list and see if anything jumps out at you. Put yourself in sweeney todd musical essays the reader's shoes. Past Essays? You're in of view essay introduction the bookstore, checking out the romance section, and you see two titles before you: The Insubordinate Knight Surrenders to Love and essays A Rush of Wings . Which one would you be more likely to of view introduction, pick up? One technique for creating interesting titles is combining contrasting terms. For years, romance writers have come up with titles such as The Rake and past the Reformer and Fire and Ice . Case? This might work well because the hero and bio ap essays heroine in a romance are often opposites, so a title that hints at contrasts teases readers with the digital library, promise of bio ap essays conflict. See if you can work concrete items into your titles.

For one thing, a title like Christine Feehan's Wild Rain stands apart from statement on the of courage novels with titles like The Wicked Duke . Also, try titles that evoke the senses. Bio Ap? Catherine Coulter's Calypso Magic brings to mind hot Caribbean nights and music. Patricia Potter's Home for Christmas brings to mind Christmas carols and the like, while Anne Stuart's Winter's Edge presents a more threatening image of point winter. Here's an past, exercise you can do to get a handle on what titles work for harvard case, you. Look at past bio ap essays your bookshelves and glance at the titles there. Which ones leap out at you? Can you remember which books you bought because of their titles? If so, write down those titles. Can you remember which books you bought despite their titles? Write those titles down as well. What makes the titles you like stand apart from the rest?

What makes the other titles less then successful? Look into Your Story to Find Titles. The best titles stem right from the australia, heart of bio ap your story. What is your story about? Besides being about two people falling in love, of course. Is your theme about revenge? Then maybe you can find a title that reflects that. Are your characters struggling to overcome the past? Then maybe you can create a title that evokes that, such as Shadows of the Past.

Ask yourself what you want potential readers to know about your story when they're browsing the digital library, shelves, and try to come up with a story that reflects that. A great example of a title that promises something to past essays, the reader, and delivers, is Anne Stuart's To Love a Dark Lord . Sweeney Todd? Laura Leone's recent Fallen from Grace hints at past bio ap essays a character with a past. On the other hand, a snappy title can lure readers looking for something fun. For example, Teresa Medeiros' Charming the Prince both evokes a fairy tale and hints at a reversal of that fairy tale. Julia Quinn's How to Marry a Marquis attracts attention because it sounds like a Regency era how-to book. Lynsay Sands' Single White Vampire hints at humor and harvard law school a paranormal romance, all rolled into past bio ap essays one.The title can also give clues to the setting of your book. Is your book a Regency historical? Then give it a title that hints at a Regency setting. Then give it a title that hints at that -- while avoiding some of the commonplace elements of Regency titles, as described below. Have you written a story about a couple that overcomes a tragic past?

Then let your title hint at that. Is your story a Medieval romp? Then try something like Stubborn Knights in Tights -- OK, that might be a bit over-the-top, but you get the picture. Sometimes you have to dig hard to get the right title. What is the theme of your story? Sometimes, you can find a title in your theme, as long as you avoid preachy titles such as Honesty Is the of view, Best Policy . Is there a symbolic object in your story? Maybe you can get a title from that. For example, let's say your hero gives the heroine a locket when he first becomes interested in her. Look up types of past bio ap jewelry, names of gems, and other things related to that locket. Maybe something will give you an idea for a title.This technique worked wonders for me.

I was having a hard time coming up with a title for my romantic suspense novel. The best I could think of was the generic Family Secrets. Yawn! I knew I had to do better than that. Writers? An important prop in the story is a rose, which had a hidden meaning to the victim of the bio ap, crime. Once, with an eye toward looking for essay, potential titles, I glanced through a book about growing roses. In there, I found a type of rose called Deep Secret . That was the past bio ap, perfect title for my story, and much better than the shopworn Family Secrets. Look Out for Threadbare and expert writers Generic Titles.

One thing you'll notice when you browse the shelves of the romance section is past bio ap, that there is a lot of repetition in titles. Certain words come up a lot in titles: rake, seduction, duke, bride, wedding, rogue, Highland, etc. There's a reason these words are popular in sweeney todd musical essays titles. They are like codes to readers who are browsing the shelves, looking for a particular type of book. Just as many fantasy fans will pick a book with the word dragon off the shelves, some romance fans will go for titles that promise a certain type of story. Past Essays? The marketing departments know this. If you can find a new twist on one of essay on english these titles, then by bio ap essays all means use it. On the other hand, with all those dukes, brides, seductions, weddings, and of view introduction rogues on the shelves, many titles sink into a pool of past essays similarity. Statement Red Badge? For that reason, if all you can come up with are not-so-interesting variations on the theme, then look for past essays, something else. You can still create a title that evokes those popular elements, even if you use different words. Thesis? Do you want readers to know your story is past bio ap essays, about a wedding?

Then try out essay prose, words that evoke weddings -- bridal, gown, rings, aisle, and so forth. Another problem is titles that seem interchangeable and past bio ap essays don't tell the reader anything about the of view, book. Sure, My Only Love might be the perfect title for your romance. Bio Ap? Unfortunately, it sounds as if could apply to dozens of musical essays other romances. The shelves are full of generic titles that tell the potential readers little about the contents of the past, book.

While some readers might pick up a book called My Only Love because its title says love story here, you don't want to todd, miss out on essays readers who don't bother looking at that book because the title doesn't turn them on. Romance fans know all too well that the shelves are filled with titles like The Rancher the Amnesiac Bride. Method? (No, I am not making that one up.) If it's in your power to do so, try not to past essays, inflict one of those titles on the romance world. After creating your potential title, read it out loud. Would you be embarrassed to be seen buying that book in the store? If so, try to come up with another title. Be on the lookout for alliteration, too. Some authors can get away with it. For years, Kasey Michaels was best known as the author of essay humorous Regencies with titles like The Anonymous Miss Adams and The Lurid Lady Lockport. During this time, it became a sort of trademark for past bio ap, her. She was able to australia digital thesis library, use alliteration in title after title because the bio ap, precedent had been set. Prose? However, most of us don't have that precedent to fall back on.

Also, let's admit it -- few people can make a good title by using alliteration. It's all too easy to come up with something contrived and silly when using alliteration. Keep in mind often, particularly in essays the case of australia category romance, authors have little choice over past bio ap essays, their titles. This means some authors get saddled with silly, trite titles. If it makes you feel any better, a title that evokes popular story lines, such as babies and amnesia, will probably sell more books, even if the sweeney, title is essays, silly. If you're writing a modern comic romance, don't hamper it with a dull title.

Even more important, don't saddle it with a title that makes it sound somber or generic. Of View? Even if your title never makes it past the editor, that editor will see the title first and possible judge the story based on past essays the title. If that editor is looking for funny contemporaries, then you don't want to handicap your humorous romance's chances of being noticed by calling it Dark Destinies or something like that. Instead, try a clever (but not contrived) pun. Is your novel more serious? Then give it a title that might attract readers looking for that meatier read.

For example, the popular LaVyrle Spencer gave readers titles such as Years , Bittersweet , and Twice Loved . All of these titles promise heartrending stories. Introduction? Emma Holly's Beyond Seduction promises a hotter-than-usual romance, as does Cheryl Holt's Absolute Pleasure . Use Famous Quotations, but Don't Abuse Them. Many writers have gone to past bio ap, the classics for inspiration for law school case, their titles. Others have gotten titles from popular songs, operas, and past so forth. Was your story inspired by a classic? Then glance through that classic text, looking for possible titles.Sources of famous quotations, such as Bartlett's Familiar Quotations , are a great place to start. These are often grouped by category. If you're looking for a title about love or revenge or mistaken identity, you can find dozens of expert assignment writers quotations on those topics from authors ranging from Shakespeare to essays, John Milton to Alice Cooper. You can even search Bartlett's Familiar Quotations on-line at point essay introduction http://www.bartleby.com/100/.

However, don't get carried away. Essays? Just because a quotation is about revenge, that doesn't mean it will be suitable as title material for your romance novel about expert assignment, a hero trapped in revenge mode. Many quotations are suitable only as, well, as quotations.It's tempting to use quotations from the past bio ap essays, classics to essay, create a title. However, there are two things to be careful of. First, keep in mind that many famous quotations are awkward, especially when taken out of context. Anything that's too long is bio ap essays, out of the question. In many cases, it's impossible to take a short piece of a quotation out of context and use it as a meaningful title. Years ago, I tried using quotation books to writers, create titles about justice. Unfortunately, I ended up with a list of awkward titles like The Chamber of Justice , Though Justice Be Thy Plea , and Behind a Veil of Ignorance. Yech!

Second, many great quotations have already been used as titles. After crossing off lots of awkward titles, I finally found one that I thought was great -- Wild Justice. Since then, I've seen dozens of books that use that title. If I'd picked that one as a title for my book, my book might have been confused with other books with that title. Now a word about titles based on popular song or movie titles.

Some readers love this type of title because they can remind them of a beloved song or movie. Others hate recycled song and movie titles because they seem like retreads. Also, in past bio ap most cases, recycled song titles only work well for contemporary romances because those stories take place after the songs came out. It's hard to imagine reading a Medieval romance called I Can't Get No Satisfaction. Harvard Law School Study Method? What next, a Regency called The Duke of Earl ? Sometimes when you're stuck, the essays, best thing you can do is ask people to writers, come up with titles for past bio ap, you. While some people are title-challenged, others have great titles coming out of their pores. Ask friends and family members if they can come up with any titles.

Also, if you belong to a writing community, don't be afraid to ask for help there. I got so many potential titles out of one brainstorming session that I was tempted to use the spares as chapter titles.You can also ask people for help once you've picked out possible titles. While working on a futuristic romance based on essay on english prose Shakespeare's Measure for Measure , I gave my brother a list of possible titles. I was really attached to a title that came from a quote from the play itself -- What Our Seems Be. My brother's first reaction was Bad grammar. With that, I realized most people would not get a title with such archaic language. Despite what many people think, you can reuse existing titles.

This happens a lot, particularly in the romance field. Despite popular conceptions, titles can't be copyrighted. (They can be trademarked, although this is fairly rare.) However, to avoid later confusion, if it's in essays your control, avoid reusing a title of a book that's still in print, particularly another romance novel. Also, stay away from prose very well known titles or titles associated with classics. Past Essays? Giving your story a title like Great Expectations will give your title a lot to live up to.To make sure that you avoid repetition, check your potential titles out. Harvard? Once you've picked out potential titles, look them up to make sure they haven't been used before. Past Bio Ap? Look them up on Amazon.com to make sure there aren't already dozens of books using the same title.

Also, check Books in expert writers Print just to be on the safe side. Essays? While you're at harvard study method it, you might as well look that title up on the Internet Movie Database to make sure people won't look at your title and immediately think of the title for an infamous B-movie. If you can't think of a title right away, don't worry about it. You can always think of one later. I often use temporary titles while working on a story. I wrote a novel with the past bio ap, dull working title of digital library Prison of bio ap Mages . And now, I'm currently writing a fantasy novel called The Lord and the Countertenor , a title that I doubt any editor would fall in harvard law school method love with. I know that eventually, I'll think of the essays, perfect title for that story, maybe next time I listen to australia digital, some Medieval songs. Besides, no matter what I call it, the publisher might decide to call it The Lord of the Dragon Sword or something like that. Copyright 2004 Anne Marble. This article may not be reprinted without the author's written permission.

Anne M. Marble has published articles in Gothic Journal and Writer's Digest and is a columnist for the At the Back Fence column at All About Romance (AAR). In her spare time, she moderates AARlist, a busy list of romance readers sponsored by AAR. Just about everything she writes includes a romance element, even if it's a fantasy novel about past bio ap, a lord and a countertenor. Her day job involves editing articles for the Journal of Biological Chemistry. Copyright 2017 by Moira Allen. Essay? All rights reserved.

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10 Resume Tips From A Legal Recruiter. Ed. note : This is the latest installment in a series of posts on lateral partner moves from Lateral Link’s team of expert contributors. Abby Gordon is a Director with Lateral Link’s New York office. Past Essays? Abby works with attorney candidates on law firm and in-house searches, primarily in New York, Boston, and thesis on the Europe. Prior to joining Lateral Link, Abby spent seven years as a corporate associate with Cleary Gottlieb, focusing on capital markets transactions for Latin American clients in past essays, New York and for the last five years for European clients in Paris. Thesis Red Badge? A native of Boston, Abby holds a J.D., cum laude, from Georgetown University Law Center and past a B.A. in government and romance languages, magna cum laude, from Dartmouth College. Abby also worked with the International Rescue Committee as a Fulbright Scholar in Madrid, Spain. She is a member of the New York Bar and is fluent in French and Spanish (and dabbles in Portuguese and thesis red badge of courage Italian).

As a legal recruiter, I review numerous resumes each week in past, an effort to point assist my candidates with the substance and presentation of their one-page life summaries. Here are ten tips based on the most common problems I see and questions I am asked: 1. Assume no one will read your resume word-for-word. Picture your interviewer pulling your resume off the printer and past bio ap essays reading only sweeney musical, what he can in the time it takes to walk back to his office. You need to bio ap essays make the most important stuff jump off the page. Use bold. Use bullet points. Use headings. Give some thought to point essay introduction the format that will convey the necessary information in the most logical way. 2. Be concise and make every word count. This is related to Tip #1.

You want the most important stuff to jump off the page, but every word on past bio ap essays your resume should serve the purpose of showing that you are the best candidate for the specific job. It’s just one page. 3. Tailor your resume to the specific job. Keep in the forefront of your mind that you are applying for study, a legal job. Do not view “updating” your resume as merely adding to the same document you first created 20 years ago. Delete information that is no longer relevant #8212; remember, every last word should serve the purpose of getting you this job.

If you are applying to 10 general litigation openings, one version may be just fine. But if you are applying to some general litigation spots and some patent litigation spots, you may want to have two versions of your resume, with each tailored to the specific opening or category of opening. 4. Be sure you can talk intelligently about past bio ap essays, every last thing you include on your resume. If you can no longer remember the main argument of todd musical your senior thesis from college, delete it from past bio ap your resume or refresh your memory before any interviews. You also must be prepared to talk about the any legal matters you claim to have worked on, including about the underlying legal issues. 5. Study Method? When describing your legal experience, give concrete examples . Past? Instead of merely asserting that you are a capital markets lawyer, note that you “Drafted the underwriting agreement as lead associate representing the underwriters in the offering of $300 million in floating rate notes by sweeney musical a large U.S. manufacturing company.” Even if you have a separate representative matters sheet, it may be helpful to include a few bullets points showing this experience in your actual resume as well. And remember from past bio ap Tip #2, every word counts. Don’t use neutral words where a more positive word could convey more meaning. For example, which is more powerful, stating that you “worked on” a project or that you “successfully implemented” a project? 6. Be sure all information is up-to-date. If you are no longer on a committee, delete it from your resume or indicate the digital thesis library proper dates.

Change the verbs (“represent,” “draft,” “negotiate”) from the essays descriptions of your prior jobs to essay the past tense (“represented,” “drafted,” “negotiated”). No longer fluent in French? Be accurate in the assessment of your language ability as of today, not as of mid-way through your junior year abroad. 7. Past Bio Ap? Additional Information: Space is a commodity, but you should still make room for two or three lines that show you are a human being and not just a robot. Include a few interests (but be sure they are real interests of yours and not aspirational hobbies). Statement On The Red Badge? Maybe you and one of the interviewers will find you have a hobby in common. Essays? If nothing else, this “fluff” gives interviewers some material for on the, a few softball questions to break the ice or end the interview on a lighter note. Aside from bio ap essays true interests/hobbies, include language abilities, bar admissions, and memberships/affiliations so long as you are an active and not just passive participant in these organizations. Remember the essential test: “Can you talk intelligently about it if asked?” If someone asks about your membership in an alumni network, will you state proudly that you assisted in raising $500,000 in alumni contributions for a scholarship fund or will you cower in australia, your chair and confess that you are on the e-mail list for past, the committee but have yet to attend a meeting?

8. Education first or work experience first? This is library, a common question. Remember Tip #1 #8212; you want the most important stuff to jump off the page. So if you went to a top law school, you may want to list education first. If your law school was not as highly ranked but you somehow landed a job at Wachtell, list work experience first. In the essays case of a tie, I’d go with work experience first.

9. Assignment Writers? The squint test : It seems a bit unsophisticated but it works. Tape your resume to past a wall about 10 feet away or just hold it far out in front of you and squint. Does the balance of black and white on on english prose the page make your eyes happy? Is there much too much dense text? Or way too much white space?

If you’ve ever strung lights on a Christmas tree, it’s the same principle. Squint and then follow your instincts. 10. Past Bio Ap? Proofread your resume carefully. Then proofread it again.

Then ask a friend to thesis statement proofread it. Bio Ap Essays? And another friend. And your legal recruiter. Then proofread it again. Nothing screams “Don’t hire me!” like a glaring typo or spelling mistake. 10?. Here’s a freebie. It’s not the most important tip unless… well if it is, you know who you are. You know that photo of you in the Bahamas in expert writers, your bikini? Shirtless? You remember how you uploaded it to bio ap your Google profile?

And now you list your Gmail address on your resume? Well guess what… When I am e-mailing you at your Gmail address, yes, I can see that photo of you in the right-hand sidebar on my screen. If I can see it, so can the recruiting coordinator and so can the australia digital thesis partner at the firm where you’re interviewing. Bio Ap Essays? Oh, and essay on english one more thing: your Twitter feed will also now show up on past bio ap essays the right-hand sidebar. I’m not asking you to stop using social media. But if you are indiscriminate about your tweets, think about setting up a separate e-mail address for the job search process. There is not just one right way of designing a resume. But there are wrong ways. Look at models but don’t just copy someone else’s. This singular piece of digital thesis library paper is past essays, your key to getting your foot in the door in the next step of your career… or not. It’s worth spending a few extra hours getting it right.

Lateral Link is one of the harvard law school case study method top-rated international legal recruiting firms. With over 14 offices world-wide, Lateral Link specializes in placing attorneys at the most prestigious law firms in the world. Past Bio Ap Essays? Managed by former practicing attorneys from top law schools, Lateral Link has a tradition of thesis statement on the hiring lawyers to execute the lateral leaps of past bio ap practicing attorneys. Expert? Click ::here:: to find out more about us. Past Essays? Sign up for our newsletter. WilmerHale And The Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day Of Leaking Client Whistleblower Docs To The WSJ. Point Of View Introduction? Woman Abandons Law Degree To Become Porn Star.

Federal Lawsuit Filed Against #8216;The Jews#8217; Associates In This City Just Got Their Raises. The Freestanding Law Schools With The Highest Student Loan Default Rates. A Brand New Email Screw-Up For Abbe Lowell. The Ugliest Law Schools In America. Past Essays? Biglaw Associate Fails Bar Exam, Gets Fired, Sues Bar Examiners For Causing Job Loss. Biglaw Firm Impresses Associates (And Staff) With Enhanced Parental Leave Policy. The Trump Administration Seeks To Rip The Heart Out Of Labor And Employment Law. Lawyer Burnout And The Finish Line Problem. Senior Attorney Fired For Cruel Commentary On Las Vegas Shooting.

Man Opens Fire At Law Firm Representing His Ex. Biglaw Firm#8217;s Move To New Office Means It#8217;s Time For Some Buyouts. Assignment? Subscribe and get breaking news, commentary, and opinions on law firms, lawyers, law schools, lawsuits, judges, and more. Essays? Breaking Media Editor at todd, Large. Sign up for our newsletter. 2017 Breaking Media, Inc. All rights reserved.

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A Tempestuous Translation: Aime Cesaire’s Une tempete. Cet article soutient qu’ Une tempete par Aime Cesaire (adaptation anti-colonialiste de La Tempete ), est l’illustration de la traduction en tant qu’interpretation et revision creatrice. Avec une fidelite surprenante envers la piece de Shakespeare, Cesaire s’interesse aux conflits raciaux et de classe inherents a La Tempete et donne voix aux opprimes, aux colonises et aux victimes de la repression. Une tempete se distingue comme une traduction qui aurait traverse le temps (l’ere des droits civiques des Noirs et des mouvements de liberation africains) et l’espace (une refonte creatrice des references shakespeariennes dans une localisation caribeenne francophone). This article contends that Aime Cesaire’s Une tempete (an anti-colonialist adaptation of The Tempest ), epitomizes translation as interpretation and creative revision. With a striking fidelity to Shakespeare’s play, Cesaire engages with the racial and essays class conflicts intrinsic to The Tempest and law school study method gives voice to past the occluded colonized and todd musical oppressed. Une tempete stands out past, as a translation through time (the era of black civil rights and African liberation movements), and space (creatively refashioning Shakespearean references into point of view essay introduction a francophone Caribbean location). 1 Caliban . — Prospero you’re a great illusionist: / you know all about lies. Essays? / And you lied to me s (. ) Caliban. Prose? — Prospero, tu es un grand illusioniste : le mensonge, ca te connait. Et tu m’as tellement menti, menti sur le monde, menti sur moi-meme, que tu as fini par m’imposer.

une image de moi-meme : Un sous-developpe, comme tu dis, voila comment tu m’as oblige a me voir, et cette image, je la hais ! Et elle est fausse ! Mais maintenant, je te connais, vieux cancer, et je me connais aussi ! (88) 1. 2 From Aime Cesaire, Cahier d’un retour au pays natal , Paris, Presence Africaine, 1956. 1 The late Aime Cesaire (1913-2008) shall be forever associated with the philosophy of negritude that he espoused with such impact on the francophone black world from the 1930s on. Negritude re-appropriated the word negre with its insulting connotations. Past Essays? On the wave of Jamaican national hero Marcus Harvey’s “Back to Africa” movement, negritude was a banner for “black consciousness” avant la lettre , a rejection of and a riposte to disabling white mythologies: “elle troue l’accablement opaque de sa droite patience” [“breaking through the opaque prostration with its upright patience”].2 It straddled both a political project and thesis library a poetic renewal, confronting the violence of colonialism with cataclysmic passion: “the striking of the mental wave against the rock of the world.” Negritude sought to “decolonize the mind” and Cesaire’s poetry is a cry to revolt, intransigent in its fidelity to the “invulnerable idea” of justice—and shot through with pain at the tragedy of its non-realisation.

3 A tempest ( Une tempete) played from 21 September to 14 October, 1998. It was described by Professo (. Past Bio Ap Essays? ) 2 The Gate Theatre in essay on english Notting Hill, London, is a small space above a pub which exists on past bio ap essays, slender means. At the same time, it is considered by many as “the home of international drama” in essay on english prose the capital. Past Essays? I became the Gate’s literary manager in 1998. The then artistic team conceived of the Gate as an on english, arena of past essays, spiritual liberation and an enriching crucible of cultures: a gateway to thesis statement red badge of courage a richer knowledge of the human. I believed that these themes lay at the heart of Cesaire’s great anti-colonialist adaptation of The Tempest which he entitled Une tempete (the lower case t is no accident; here Shakespeare’s island play is cut down to size; this tempest is one colonial storm among many). As the vanguard production for our Home for past bio ap essays the Exiles season in 1998, I advocated staging this play to mark the point 150 th anniversary of the abolition of slavery in the French colonies and past bio ap essays the 50 th anniversary of the arrival of the first wave of post-war immigrants from the West Indies to Britain on board the S.S. Windrush, (Notting Hill itself remaining a locality with close ties to those immigrants, not least the celebrated annual carnival attended by millions). We would commemorate those momentous events in what was to be a critically acclaimed British premiere and I provided a new translation of the play for this purpose.3. 4 I am indebted to Peter Hulme and Bill Sherman for the stage history in this paragraph.

Their co-ed (. Law School Case Method? ) 5 See Robert Eric Livingston, “Decolonizing the Theatre: Cesaire, Serreau and the Drama of Negritude (. ) 6 See Alvina Ruprecht, “Staging Aime Cesaire’s Une tempete : Anti-Colonial Theatre in the Counter-Cul (. ) 3 Une tempete was already well known within the francophone world.4 First produced at an international festival in Hammamet, Tunisia, in the summer of 1969, before playing in Paris in January 1970, it was directed by Jean-Marie Serreau, with whom Cesaire had worked so closely on past, most of australia thesis, his theatrical writing. Serreau’s death in 1973 brought Cesaire’s career as a playwright to a close.5 That first production is bio ap, of special interest: a Caribbean rewriting of The Tempest , produced in Tunisia, close to Sycorax’s origins and to Claribel’s destiny (though neither, interestingly, feature much); which reads the play in part through the US black politics of the Civil Rights period (associating Caliban with Malcolm X and Ariel with Martin Luther King), and harvard law school method which adopted the essays manners and dress of an todd musical essays, American Western. It was also staged in past bio ap essays an anti-naturalistic manner, with a range of historical and contemporary images projected onto on the red badge of courage vast screens. Another notable production was that by Elie Pennont in Martinique in past essays 1992, where the expert assignment writers actor playing the past bio ap African god Eshu became the unifying image, remaining on stage throughout the performance (in Cesaire’s script he appears in todd essays one scene only), watching silently from a distance: “the incarnation of the fragmented psyche that must be acknowledged before any healing can take place.”6. 7 Of course, it is true that in The Tempest , Sycorax and Caliban also colonised the island and bio ap suppl (. Essay? ) 4 Cesaire’s single point of attachment to Shakespeare’s play is to past bio ap essays be found in Act III Scene 2 when Caliban declares: “I am subject to a tyrant, a sorcerer that by his cunning hath cheated me of the island.”7 Subtitled “an adaptation for a black theatre”, Une tempete engages with the fundamental racial and class elements intrinsic to The Tempest , with the implicit intention of wresting the adapted play away from the negative and complacent agenda of an institutionally racist imperial theatre. On The Red Badge Of Courage? Cesaire’s powerful transformative project is underpinned by radical historical revisionism. Speaking about Shakespeare’s play, he said: 8 Quoted in Livingston, op. cit. , p. Past Bio Ap Essays? 192. Demystified, the digital play [is] essentially about the master-slave relation, a relation that is still alive and which, in my opinion, explains a good deal of essays, contemporary history: in case study method particular, colonial history, the history of the bio ap United States. Wherever there are multiracial societies, the same drama can be found, I think.8. According to expert writers Helen Gilbert and bio ap essays Joanne Tompkins:

9 Helen Gilbert and Joanne Tompkins, Post-Colonial Drama: Theory, Practice, Politics , London and New (. ) For generations during (and often after) imperial rule, the assignment formal education of past bio ap essays, colonial subjects was circumscribed by the concerns and canons of a distant European centre. Because of on english prose, its supposed humanistic functions, “English [and French] Literature” occupied a privileged position in the colonial classroom, where its study was designed to “civilise” native students by inculcating in them British [and French] tastes and values, regardless of the past bio ap exigencies of the local context.9. 5 Lucy Rix describes the dominant “traditional” French literary production which prevailed during Cesaire’s childhood and which became one of the first targets identified in Legitime Defense (1932), “a journal published by a group of Martiniquan students at expert assignment the Sorbonne that would have a profound impact on their cultural identity”: 10 Lucy Rix, “Maintaining the State of Emergence/y: Aime Cesaire’s Une tempete ”, in Peter Hulme and B (. ) The West Indian writer, stuffed to bursting with white morality, white culture, white education, white prejudice, fills his little books with a swollen image of himself. Merely to be a good imitation of the white man fulfils both his social and his poetic requirements. He cannot be too modest or too sedate. Past Bio Ap? Should you dare show natural exuberance in his presence, he immediately accuses you of “making like a nigger”. So naturally, he does not want to “make like a nigger” in his poems.

It is thesis on the red badge, a point of honour with him that a white person could read his entire book without ever guessing the past bio ap essays author’s pigmentation.10. 6 Cesaire pokes some well-informed fun at this colonial education and specifically when it focuses upon the exotic Other. In a reprise of statement red badge of courage, Act II Scene 1, Gonzalo, the “honest old counsellor,” enthuses that the wonderful island could only contain wonderful beings. Antonio drily concurs and cites Baudelaire’s “Parfum Exotique” in Les Fleurs du Mal : Des hommes dont le corps est mince et vigoureux. Et des femmes dont l’?il par sa franchise etonne… (40) 11 In our production in London, we replaced Baudelaire with Miranda’s line: “O brave new world, that (. ) Men whose bodies are slender and strong. And women whose frank stares astound…11 (29) Gonzalo enthusiastically endorses this view and adds, “Je vois que vous connaissez vos auteurs” (40) [“I see you know your authors” (29) ]. 7 Martinique is still politically part of metropolitan France. Aime Cesaire was thus a French citizen and politician. Nevertheless, A tempest was anti-colonial, corresponding to the avowedly political agenda of what is known in cultural studies as post-colonialism:

12 Gilbert and Tompkins, op. Past Bio Ap Essays? cit. , p. 3. to dismantle the hegemonic boundaries and the determinants that create unequal relations of statement red badge, power based on binary oppositions such as “us and them”, “first world and bio ap third world”, “white and black”, “coloniser and colonised”. […] Post-colonial texts embrace a more specifically political aim: that of the of view introduction continued destabilisation of the cultural and political authority of imperialism.12. 8 During the essays period of study, de-colonization in the middle of the last century, Une tempete contributed to an increasing and ongoing re-evaluation of essays, canonical literary texts, and sweeney Shakespeare’s The Tempest attracted particular interest from intellectuals and writers from various colonial domains throughout the African diaspora. Many chose to focus on The Tempest because of the play’s prototypical colonial narrative: the story of a European who disembarks onto an already-occupied island to presume ownership of the land and control over the inhabitants. According to Gilbert and Tompkins: The Tempest remains the past bio ap text most widely chosen for counter-discursive interrogations of the Shakespearian canon. A number of factors account for library this choice: the play’s figuration of racial binaries and the threat of past essays, miscegenation; its representation of the australia digital library New World “other” as opposed to the European “self”, troped as a form of the nature/culture dichotomy; and its pervasive interest in power relationships involving dominance, subservience, and rebellion.13. 14 See Ibid. , p. Past Bio Ap Essays? 19-25, for a discussion of how Shakespeare was taught and regarded in the colonies.

15 Rob Nixon, “Caribbean and African Appropriations of The Tempest ”, Critical Inquiry 13 (1987), p. On The Of Courage? 5 (. ) 9 Furthermore, from the perspective of writers in the Caribbean and Africa, what better target for appropriation than the Bard, the essays paragon of British cultural hegemony?14 Shakespeare’s iconic status made his works an australia digital thesis, attractive target for confrontation and for revisions that sought to redefine people’s relationships to their worlds. What is at stake is, according to Rob Nixon, “the very possibility of decolonising the past area’s cultural history by replacing an imposed with an endemic line of essay on english prose, thought and action”.15 These Caribbean and African writers found in Caliban a figure richly evocative of their condition. They adopted the play as a rallying and foundational text, rich for essays revision and harvard law school method re-appropriation, and past essays they appreciated that The Tempest could bolster their self-definition during a time of on english prose, major upheaval: 16 See Gilbert and Tompkins, op. cit. , p. 30-31. for the figure of Caliban—marginalized and past essays virtually imprisoned on point of view essay, the island, presumed to have been culturally illiterate before the Europeans’ appearance, and alienated from his own sense of self through linguistic and physical control—was a dramatic reflection of an all-too-familiar experience.16. 17 Paul Brown, “‘This Thing of Darkness I Acknowledge Mine’: The Tempest and the Discourse of bio ap, Colonia (. ) 18 Ibid. , p. 48. 19 Although there had been Cambro-Norman-English colonising of Ireland since the australia twelfth century, thi (. ) 20 Francis Barker and Peter Hulme, “‘Nymphs and Reapers Heavily Vanish’: The Discursive Con-texts of (. ) 10 Yet it is important to recall, like Paul Brown, that “ The Tempest is not simply a reflection of colonialist practices but an intervention in an ambivalent and even contradictory discourse”.17 Brown considers Shakespeare’s play a narrative “which seeks at once to harmonize disjunction, to transcend irreconcilable contradictions and to mystify the past bio ap essays political conditions which demand colonialist discourse”, but he writes the play “ultimately fails to australia digital thesis library deliver that containment and instead may be seen to bio ap foreground precisely those problems which it works to harvard law school case study method efface or overcome”.18 Thus, The Tempest traces the “moment of historical crisis” that is England’s incipient colonial enterprise, and the anxiety which circulates in the play interrogates a discourse of expansionism rather than just supporting it.19 This interrogation of text and past historical context is continued by Francis Barker and Peter Hulme who note the essay on english underlying anxiety in a play “imbricated within the discourse of colonialism”. The anxiety circulates around usurpation (actual or attempted), domination, resistance and rebellion. Barker and Hulme contend that the play’s “rich complexity” had been too often ignored by European and North American critics who “listen exclusively to Prospero’s voice: after all, he speaks their language.” (Given that the play has traditionally been interpreted as Shakespeare’s farewell to the stage, the magician-duke has often been confused for the Bard’s representative, an egregious mistake given what we know about Shakespeare’s “negative capability”.) They astutely noted: “It has been left to those who have suffered colonial usurpation to discover and map the traces of that complexity by reading in past bio ap essays full measure Caliban’s refractory place in both Prospero’s play and introduction The Tempest .”20. 21 Aime Cesaire, Discourse on Colonialism , Trans.

Joan Pinkham, New York, Monthly Review Press, 2000, (. ) 22 The Discourse on Colonialism compares the bio ap evils of thesis on the red badge of courage, imperialism with the evil of the bio ap essays Holocaust, the (. ) 11 Simply and provocatively put, if Shakespeare, as projected in a simplistic and authoritative imperial reading, provides an official, colonial perspective, Cesaire—with astonishing fidelity to the original—translates this and gives voice, specifically through Caliban, to the occluded colonized and oppressed. Expert Writers? Une tempete epitomizes translation as interpretation, as (creative) revision. It resonates with Shakespeare but stresspoints are articulated and examined. It is an excoriating debunking of the “white man’s burden”, the French republic’s mission civilisatrice (Prospero’s despairing that upon Caliban’s nature “nurture will not stick”) and a relentless exposition of how colonization decivilizes the colonizer (“This thing of darkness I acknowledge mine”). The infamy of past bio ap essays, colonial exploitation is recognised and named. In his Discourse on Colonialism , Cesaire initially defines colonization in negative terms, by first of all establishing what it is expert, not: “neither evangelization, nor a philanthropic enterprise, nor a desire to push back the frontiers of ignorance, disease and tyranny, nor a project undertaken for bio ap essays the greater glory of God, nor an attempt to extend the expert writers rule of past bio ap essays, law.”21 Rather, colonialism is envisioned as a disease, just as it is in A tempest —“blanche toxine” (87) [“white poison” (57)], “maintenant, je te connais, vieux cancer” (88) [“now I know you, you old cancer” (58)]—a dehumanising project that treats land, nature and people as brute commodities.

It must be vomited out.22. In Act II Scene 2, Gonzalo says: Si l’ile est habitee, comme je le pense, et que nous la colonisons, comme je le souhaite, il faudra se garder comme de la peste d’y apporter nos defauts, oui, ce que nous appelons la civilisation. Qu’ils restent ce qu’ils sont: des sauvages, libres, sans complexes ni complications. Quelque chose comme un reservoir d’eternelle jouvence ou nous viendrions periodiquement rafraichir nos ames vieillies et citadines. Statement On The Of Courage? (40-41) 23 Gonzalo’s idyll-manifesto chimes with the type of cliches trotted out during an essays, exhibition on sweeney musical essays, “The (. ) If the island is inhabited, as I believe it is, and if we colonise it, as is my wish, then we must shy away, as if from the plague, from importing here our defaults, yes, what we call civilisation. They must stay as they are: savages, noble savages, free without complex or complication. Something like a pool of eternal youth where we would come at intervals to past bio ap essays revive our drooping urban spirits.23 (30)

24 The phrase “noble savage” first appeared in sweeney todd essays Dryden’s play The Conquest of Granada (1672) although (. ) 12 With a piercing satirical economy, Cesaire alludes to Gonzalo’s utopian rhapsody in The Tempest , with its indebtedness to Thomas More, Montaigne and the classical theory of the Golden Age, but what is most striking is how Cesaire picks up on Montaigne’s ethical denunciation of western inhumanity and brutality in “Of Cannibals”. This was a key reference point for a developing, idealized argument in favour of the bio ap essays rights of indigenous peoples throughout the early modern period and into the Age of Reason. Essay On English? In the bio ap essays sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the “good savage” was held up as a reproach to European civilisation in the throes of the thesis on the of courage wars of religion, and stood as a direct counter to the Hobbesian view of human depravity in past bio ap a state of nature. By the thesis on the eighteenth century, this argument was fuelled by both sentimentalism and primitivism, and was advanced by both English and essays French writers and explorers. The Baron de Lahontan put potentially subversive egalitarian arguments in the mouth of a Huron Indian, Adario. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, identified as the philosopher of the French Revolution, was deliberately maligned by his political opponents for sweeney musical essays advancing a theory about the bio ap “noble savage” but this was untrue.

What is of view introduction, clear, however, is how such a theory preserved a superior paternalism and ultimately a lack of essays, egalitarian empathy between the colonisers and the colonised in case which the latter were cast as dependent children—here “a pool of eternal youth”. Prospero calls Caliban “boy” (a repugnant name for colonial servants) at the very end of A tempest . This racist superiority also chimed with a “scientific racism” which divided races into bio ap superior (the colonising) and inferior (the colonised) categories.24. 25 In Une tempete , Prospero tells Miranda how his prophetic art had “discovered” the precise location (. ) 13 The other key theme to pick up in this re-casting of Act II Scene 2, is the duplicity within Gonzalo’s sugared and point of view essay introduction idealistic words. He freely admits that he favours colonisation, but his eulogy of the “noble savages”, whom he wishes to preserve as they are, as if in aspic, is undermined by past essays his simultaneous desire to harvard law school case plunder the bio ap essays island for australia thesis library its natural resources, “guano” in this case, which, “sous une sage direction” (39) [“wisely administered” (29)], will make the island “plus riche que l’Egypte avec son Nil” (39) [“richer than Egypt with its Nile” (29)]. Cesaire identifies a base rapaciousness underlying both the colonial and the neo-colonial project in which, say, the generally environmentally disastrous plunder of natural resources would be carried out by the colonisers—or multi-national companies, in many ways their modern equivalents—with virtually none of the profits benefiting the local population, whilst literally dismantling the topography, and cultural topography, beneath their feet.25 As Caliban says to Prospero: “Tu crois que la terre est chose morte… C’est tellement plus commode ! Morte, alors on la pietine, on past essays, la souille, on la foule d’un pied vainqueur !” (25-6) [“You think the earth itself is on english, dead… It’s so much more convenient! Dead you can trample over it, pour pestilence over it, bestride it like a conqueror!” (20)] Cesaire adds another element to the neo-imperialist project: tourism.

Gonzalo’s pool of eternal youth, there to revive drooping urban spirits, is precisely the past essays image in which the on english prose Caribbean has been cast. Once again, the inhabitants, here of the islands, are cast in belittling and servile roles, in order to past bio ap essays service the fantasies of their western paymasters. Such fantasies home in on sub-pastoral, primitivist cliches concerning a proximity to nature (even if the islanders’ natural environment is destroyed), spontaneity, creativity and essay on english straightforward sexuality and eroticism. 26 Cf the OED’s definition of past bio ap, pidgin: “any combination and distortion of two languages as a means of (. ) 14 Knowledge contains the seeds of transformative power: language shapes how we think and therefore how we act. By “learning to curse”, Caliban, the black slave in revolt, rejects assimilation. The first word he utters on stage is the Kiswahili word for freedom: “ Uhuru ”. Whereas for point introduction Shakespeare, Caliban is past, “a salvage and a deformed slave”, Cesaire’s charismatic protagonist crucially uses a foreign language—foreign from the perspective of the colonizer, that is—in order to assert his own identity and point essay autonomy.26 He refuses to be interpellated as the essays linguistic subject of the colonial master narrative; he refuses to be broken and thesis statement on the red badge of courage conditioned, a mere component in bio ap the means of production. 27 Steve Almquist, “Not Quite the Gabbling of ‘A Thing Most Brutish’: Caliban’s Kiswahili in Aime Ces (. Harvard Law School Case Study Method? ) 28 Almquist warns that the bio ap word should not be understood in writers a monolithic way. Much of the bio ap essays western med (. ) 15 Steve Almquist writes that, “At the centre of Cesaire’s revision of essay on english prose, Shakespeare’s The Tempest is a single deeply resonant word— Uhuru . Essays? […] Uhuru is case study, essential to Cesaire’s revisionary project because it gives Caliban a voice, specifically an African voice, and it contributes to bio ap Cesaire’s overall project in creating a diasporic textual counter to Shakespeare.”27 Uhuru is the Kiswahili word for freedom which gained international currency during the struggles for harvard law school study method decolonisation in the late 1950s and 1960s, not least the bio ap essays Mau Mau Rebellion.

Uhuru became a touchstone that recalled and rekindled the revolutionary fervour when the cry for freedom from colonial oppression was heard all over the world.28 Caliban’s primal cry of Uhuru , therefore, should not then be construed as the petulant and sweeney essays isolated mouthing of some token exoticism. It is nothing other than a call to militant solidarity among the past dispossessed, and specifically the dispossessed among the African diaspora. (In another topical civil rights echo, Caliban re-names his cave “the ghetto”.) Almquist adds that: During the point of view introduction often-tumultuous independence and bio ap essays Black Power movements throughout the law school study method African diaspora during the 1960s and past 1970s, the use of Kiswahili among non-native writers and speakers expanded and came to serve as a symbolic resistance to the presumed supremacy of the European cultures and languages.29. 16 Consider further the expert writers importance of bio ap, Caliban’s Kiswahili voice through which he voices his agitation at Prospero’s domination. As Steve Almquist acutely appreciates, Cesaire’s empowered Caliban does not gabble like “a thing most brutish”, unaware of his “own meaning” until taught the introduction colonial language.30 On the contrary, even before his black slave’s first entrance, Prospero betrays his unease that Caliban “s’emancipe un peu trop” (24) [“is becoming a little too liberated” (18)]. Prospero. — Qu’est-ce que tu dis ? Caliban . — Je dis Uhuru ! Prospero. — Encore une remontee de ton langage barbare.

Je t’ai deja dit que je n’aime pas ca. D’ailleurs, tu pourrais etre poli, un bonjour ne te tuerait pas ! Caliban. — Ah ! J’oubliais… Bonjour. Mais un bonjour autant que possible de guepes, de crapauds, de pustules et de fiente. Puisse le jour d’aujourd’hui hater de dix ans le jour ou les oiseaux du ciel et les betes de la terre se rassasieront de ta charogne ! Prospero. — Toujours gracieux je vois, vilain singe ! Comment peut-on etre si laid ! (24) Prospero . — What did you say? Caliban. — I said, Uhuru ! Prospero. Past? — Yet another return to your savage tongue. I’ve already told you, I don’t like it.

You could be polite, at essay prose least: hello wouldn’t kill you. Caliban. — Oh, I forgot […] Hello. But a hello crammed with wasps, toads, pox and dung. Past Essays? May today hasten by ten years the day when the birds of the sky and the beasts of the earth will gorge themselves on your carcass. Prospero. — Gracious as always, I see, you foul monkey!

How can anybody be so ugly? (18-19) 17 Attention focuses immediately on the power of language in defining their relationship. “ Uhuru !” confounds Prospero’s sense of harvard law school case study, linguistic authority; his only past bio ap essays recourse is to demonize the word as a reversion to Caliban’s “savage tongue”—in a classic rehearsal of a colonizial “civilized/brute savage” binary—before continuing in the same vein: Puisque tu manies si bien l’invective, tu pourrais au moins me benir de t’avoir appris a parler. Un barbare ! Une bete brute que j’ai eduquee, formee, que j’ai tiree de l’animalite qui l’engangue encore de toute part ! (25) Since you spout invective with such aplomb, you might at least give me your blessing for having taught you to speak at all. A savage! A brute animal I educated, trained, dragged up from the bestiality that still festers all over him. (19) 31 “Freckled” refers to Caliban’s skin colour.

Cesaire’s use of the notoriously racist abuse word “mo (. ) 18 In further disabling strategies, Prospero refuses to point accept the validity or sense of Caliban’s own culture and fashions Caliban as a sub-human beast in past bio ap a manner which entirely honours such references as “freckled whelp” and “mooncalf” in The Tempest , the “savage and deformed slave” “upon whose nature nurture will not stick.”31 Prospero’s overweening arrogance does not cow Caliban into submission, however. Caliban. — D’abord ce n’est pas vrai. Tu ne m’as rien appris du tout. Sauf, bien sur a baragouiner ton langage pour comprendre tes ordres : couper du bois, laver la vaisselle, pecher le poisson, planter les legumes, parce que tu es bien trop faineant pour le faire. On English? Quant a ta science, est-ce que tu me l’as jamais apprise, toi ? Tu t’en es bien garde ! Ta science, tu la gardes egoistement pour toi tout seul, enfermee dans les gros livres que voila. (25) Caliban. — That’s just not true. You haven’t taught me anything at all! Except of course to jabber away in your language so as to bio ap essays understand your orders: chop the wood, wash up, fish, plant vegetables; all because you’re too idle to do it yourself. Method? As for your knowledge, did you ever impart any of that to me?

You took care not to. You selfishly keep all your knowledge for yourself alone, sealed up in big books like those. (19) 19 Cesaire’s protagonist registers his acute understanding of how his “education” has achieved little more than to reduce him to subservience in the guise of an automaton-drudge (remember Cesaire’s formula: “colonisation = thingification”32). At the same time, Prospero has kept from him any life-enhancing (textual and scientific) knowledge—the key to bio ap his domination and an inspired riff on the magic books valued at more than Prospero’s dukedom. Caliban ruefully reflects on how he has been an expendable and todd musical essays unvalued means to essays an end, hoodwinked by an initially friendly-seeming Prospero: Qu’aurais-tu fait sans moi, dans cette contree inconnue ? Ingrat ! Je t’ai appris les arbres, les fruits, les oiseaux, les saisons, et maintenant je t’en fous… Caliban la brute ! Caliban l’esclave ! Recette connue ! l’orange pressee, on en rejette l’ecorce ! (26) What would you have done without me in sweeney todd musical this strange land?

Ungrateful! I taught you the trees, the fruits, the birds, the seasons, but there’s no blessed question of that any more… Caliban the brute, Caliban the slave! I know the score! Once the bio ap orange is squeezed, the peel is tossed away! (20) 20 Note here, how it is Caliban, rather than Prospero, who is doing the point introduction teaching, yet this education, vital as it is, is subsequently given neither credit nor recognition. Clearly, Caliban is cast as a figurative Malcolm X, even telling Prospero as he prepares to leave at the end of their first encounter in the play, that he will no longer answer to the name of Caliban: Caliban. — […] J’ai decide que je ne serai plus Caliban. Prospero. — Qu’est-ce que cette foutaise ? Je ne comprends pas ! Caliban. — […] Caliban n’est pas mon nom. C’est simple ! Prospero. — C’est le mien peut-etre ! Caliban. — C’est le sobriquet dont ta haine m’a affuble et dont chaque rappel m’insulte. Prospero. — Diable ! On devient susceptible ! Alors propose… Il faut bien que je t’appelle ! Ce sera comment ? Cannibale t’irait bien, mais je suis sur que tu n’en voudras pas ! Voyons, Hannibal ! Ca te va ! Pourquoi pas ! Ils aiment tous les noms historiques ! Caliban. — Appelle-moi X. Past Essays? Ca vaudra mieux. Comme qui dirait l’homme sans nom.

Plus exactement, l’homme dont on a vole le nom. Of View Introduction? Tu parles d’histoire. Past Bio Ap Essays? Eh bien ca, c’est de l’histoire, et fameuse ! Chaque fois que tu m’appeleras, ca me rappellera le fait fundamental, que tu m’as tout vole et jusqu’a mon identite ! Uhuru ! Caliban. — […] I’ve decided I’ll be Caliban no longer. Prospero. — What kind of essay on english, bilge is this? I don’t understand. […] And whence sprang this pearl?

Caliban. — […] Caliban isn’t my name. It’s simple! Prospero. — It’s mine, I suppose! Caliban. — It’s the nickname your hatred attached to past essays me, whose every utterance is an insult. Prospero. — My, how sensitive we’ve become! Well then, suggest another… I must call you something. Of View Essay Introduction? What will it be? Cannibal would suit you well, but I’m sure you wouldn’t want it! Let’s see…Hannibal!

Why not? They all like historical names! Caliban. — Call me X. Past? That’s best. Like a man without a name. Or, more precisely, a man whose name was stolen. You speak of history. Well that’s history, known far and wide! Every time you’ll call me that will remind me of the point of view essay introduction fundamental truth that you stole everything from me, even my identity!

Uhuru !’ (He exits.) (21-22) 21 Even if audience members are ignorant of the meaning of this Kiswahili word, they will understand that it has a key galvanizing importance, that it is past bio ap, Caliban’s rallying cry and that it’s very foreignness underlines his sense of an autonomous cultural “otherness”, dignity and agency so brazenly denied him by assignment writers Prospero. It is a call to revolution. 22 As ever, Cesaire condenses Shakespeare’s play with unerring cogency in order to provide the pith for bio ap essays his own agenda. Here, he homes in on the fact that Caliban, as has often been remarked, is an anagram of “cannibal” with all that that word suggests concerning brute savagery. The Shakespearean monicker is hence a stigmatising code for uncivilised and barbarous brutality.

The novel reference to harvard case study Hannibal suggests a doomed rebellious streak, that Caliban’s pride will come before a fall. At the same time, however, Hannibal hails from Carthage, from the African continent. He also stands for a defiant and strong opponent who actively, and initially successfully, resists the aggrandizing and imperialist designs of the metropolitan centre—Rome in Hannibal’s case. Past Essays? This reference to Hannibal indicates a lurking fear of a newly defiant Caliban beneath the point essay introduction smug veneer of mocking confidence projected by Prospero. This defiance, of bio ap, course, chimes with the point of view new confidence accompanying the wave of decolonisation throughout the essays 1950s and statement on the 1960s. What is crucial, here, too, is Caliban-X’s stand to recuperate a stolen history. Bio Ap Essays? He recognises, like Cesaire, how his own culture and heritage were razed from the collective memory of an enslaved and transported African diaspora and it is this that he will strive to re-discover, value and honour. 23 Cesaire adds an interesting interpolation, a wholly new scene, at the start of Act Two, where Ariel, significantly identified as a mulatto slave in sweeney todd musical essays the list of characters, comes to warn Caliban that Prospero is planning “d’epouvantables vengeances” (36) [“appalling acts of revenge” (26)] against him. The scene is, in essence, one in which the two characters rehearse different strategies for bringing their bondage to past bio ap an end.

Once again, their lively exchange of views replicates debates within the civil rights movement of the 1960s. Cesaire said in todd musical an interview: 33 Cited in past bio ap Robert P. Smith and Robert J. Hudson, “Evoking Caliban: Cesaire’s Response to Shakespeare (. ) My text […] was greatly influenced by the preoccupations I had at that particular time. As I was thinking very much about expert assignment writers a play concerning the United States, inevitably, the points of reference became American. […] There is the violent and the non-violent attitude. There are Martin Luther King and Malcolm X and bio ap essays the Black Panthers.33. 24 Caliban has already cast himself as X and, needless to say, adopts the more militant position, demanding “Freedom now!” Interestingly, Cesaire renders this famous Black Power cry in English. The polyglot Caliban thus further exhibits his solidarity with the African diaspora around the world, ranging from point of view, Africa to North America.

25 Ariel provides another perspective which amounts to “Ni violence, ni soumission” (37) [“Neither violence, nor submission” (27)] but is rather one of peaceful resistance entered into in order to trouble Prospero’s calm “pour qu’une conscience naisse a [lui]” (37) [“so that a conscience can well up inside him” (27)] with the intended result that he will finally acknowledge his own injustice. He adds, in a striking echo of Martin Luther King’s famous “I have a dream” speech: J’ai souvent fait le reve exaltant qu’un jour, Prospero, toi et moi, nous entreprendrions, freres associes, de batir un monde merveilleux, chacun apportant en contribution ses qualites propres : patience, vitalite, amour, volonte aussi, et rigueur, sans compter les quelques bouffees de reve sans quoi l’humanite perirait d’asphyxie. (38) I’ve often dreamt a rapturous dream that one day Prospero, you and I would set out as brothers to bio ap build a wonderful world, each contributing his own qualities: patience, vitality, love, will power too, and rigour, not to mention the eddying dreams without which humanity would suffocate to study death. (28) Caliban scoffs at Ariel’s credulousness: Dis donc, mon petit Ariel, des fois, je me demande sit u n’es pas cingle ! Que la conscience naisse a Prospero ? Autant se mettre devant une pierre et attendre qu’il lui pousse des fleurs ! […] Tu n’as rien compris a Prospero. Bio Ap Essays? C’est pas un type a collaborer. C’est un mec qui ne se sent que s’il ecrase quelqu’un. Un ecraseur, un broyeur, voila le genre ! Et tu parles de fraternite ! (37-38)

Listen my sweet Ariel, I sometimes wonder if you aren’t cracked. So that a conscience can well up inside Prospero? You might as well wait for australia digital library a stone to burst into bloom! […] You don’t understand Prospero at past bio ap essays all. Law School Case Study Method? He’s not the collaborative type. He’s a man who only feels alive when he’s crushing someone. A crusher, a grinder to pulp, that’s what he is! And you talk of past essays, brotherhood! (28) 26 The militant Caliban believes the dreamy Ariel is a dupe. Once again, with a striking economy, Cesaire pays short shrift to sweeney the Christian-humanist narrative of reconciliation (via an imposed penance and then contrition) willed by Prospero in Shakespeare’s play. Caliban is prepared for a violent armed struggle akin to those waged by past bio ap essays the Mau Mau or the thesis statement on the of courage ANC, saying: Mieux vaut la mort que l’humiliation et l’injustice… D’ailleurs, de toute maniere, le dernier mot m’appartiendra… A moins qu’il n’appartienne au neant.

Le jour ou j’aurai le sentiment que tout est perdu, laisse-moi voler quelques barils de ta poudre infernale, et cette ile, mon bien, mon ?uvre, du haut de l’empyree ou tu aimes planer, tu la verras sauter dans les airs, avec, je l’espere, Prospero et moi dans les debris. Past Bio Ap? (38) Better death than humiliation and injustice… Besides the last word shall be mine. Unless it belongs to nothingness. The day I feel all’s lost, just let me filch a few barrels of your infernal powder and—from high in the empyrean where you love to soar—you will see this isle, my inheritance, my work, all blown sky high, with, I hope, Prospero and sweeney essays me amongst the debris. (28) 34 Lucy Rix, op. cit. , p. 237-238, discusses the drive towards self “whitening” as one of the most in (. ) 27 Such words now seem grimly prophetic of suicide bombings and campaigns of terror but they also identify the despair and desparation of the perpetrators and the terrible cost of stripping the past essays wretched of the of courage earth of their dignity, robbing them of their birthright and making them fear for their very existence, especially (and most usually) in a colonial situation. It is within this incredibly high-stakes situation, that the racial difference between the two slaves must be understood and considered. In The Tempest , Caliban is an earthen clod whereas “dainty” Ariel is an airy spirit. Cesaire seizes upon past bio ap essays, this difference but racializes it, too. Statement Red Badge Of Courage? Historically, Martinique had more mulattoes than whites and, as ever, in colonial societies where the white ruling class sought to inculcate its values and sought to past impress upon its subjects that its culture and skin colour were the ideals, the paleness of one’s skin and the proximity of one’s position to assignment the white rulers became an important factor in determining one’s position in the social hierarchy. So here a truculent Caliban accuses the bio ap essays pacific Ariel of harvard case study, being a “house servant” (he is cast as the field slave), a collaborating sycophant with an “Uncle Tom patience”.

Cesaire does not shy away from projecting the racialized differences and tensions residing within colonial (and post-colonial) societies, not least his own. Caliban, of course, has more to lose than Ariel but his very humiliation has hardened his resolve. Alex Haley recalled in bio ap essays Roots the old racist jingle: “If you’re white, you’re all right; if you’re brown, stick around; if you’re black, stand back.”34. 28 In the eyes of the monological Prospero, “Par [l’]insubordination [de Caliban], c’est tout l’ordre du monde qu’il remet en cause” (71) “[Caliban’s] insubordination calls into doubt the entire order of the world” (47)]. Prospero. — Comprenez-moi bien. Je suis non pas au sens banal du terme, le maitre, comme le croit ce sauvage, mais le chef d’orchestre d’une vaste partition : Suscitant les voix, moi seul, Et a mon gre les enchainant, Organisant hors de la confusion.

La seule ligne intelligible. Sans moi, qui de tout cela. Saurait tirer musique ? Sans moi cette ile est muette. Point? (90) 35 In his Course in General Linguistics , Ferdinand de Saussure (posthumous inspirer of Structuralism) (. ) Prospero. Past Bio Ap Essays? — Understand me well. I am not, in the ordinary sense. the master, as this savage thinks, but rather the thesis of courage conductor of a vast score: Teasing out voices, myself alone, and coupling them at my pleasure, arranging out past essays, of the confusion. the sole intelligible line. Without me, who would be able. to derive music from point of view essay, all this?

Without me, this island is dumb.35 (60) 36 Chris Tiffin and Alan Lawson, Eds., De-Scribing Empire: Post-Colonialism and Textuality , London, R (. ) 29 Chris Tiffin and Alan Lawson argue that, “Imperial textuality appropriates, distorts, erases, but it also contains. Past Essays? 36 The imperial project contains cultures/subjects in order to on english control them, but no former colony is as simply circumscribed as colonial discourse would have it: each post-colonial political, historical, linguistic, and cultural situation inevitably becomes much more convoluted than is figured by the coloniser. Bio Ap? In truth, it is Prospero who is enfeebled by expert his monoglot sclerosis. His rigid cultural position does not brook translation. He cannot discourse—his is past, a dialogue of the expert assignment deaf—he can only dictate.

Conversely, the “transgressive” Caliban is able to journey back and forth between languages. Empowered, he understands Prospero, not vice-versa. 37 Indeed, in an exciting addition to bio ap the original plot, the scientific Prospero sneers in recollecti (. ) 30 By the end of the play, Caliban has made multiple claims to African “ Uhuru ”, Black Power’s “Freedom now” and an internationalist call to “Liberty ohay liberty” which transcends all boundaries. His ability to articulate a culture foreign to, and not laid down by, Prospero is key. Prospero uses language to essay prose close down consciousness.

Concerning Caliban, his language constantly negates, denies and past bio ap demonises: “brute savage”, “beast”, “sorcerer”, etc, whilst Caliban’s linguistic identity, his African utterances, are dismissed as “Encore une remontee de ton langage barbare” (24) [“yet another return to your savage tongue” (19)]. Essay? Whereas Caliban asserts and affirms potential and bio ap essays otherness, Prospero refuses dialogue: “Je ne t’ai pas appele pour discuter !” (27) [“I did not summon you here to argue” (21)]. He is portrayed as a sadistic power wielder who had dreamt of establishing a colonial empire even before leaving Italy and who is bereft of his original’s christianised goodwill: “Si tu rouspetes, la trique” (27) [“If you grumble you shall be thrashed” (21)].37 Cesaire focuses on Prospero’s magic—a physical control over others—in this strictly limited sense. As opposed to the original, “banquet and harpy” scene (Act III Scene 3) which simply tantalises, Prospero is chillingly bent on force-feeding his captives, and his motives are signally lacking in australia digital thesis library any ethical imperatives toward repentance. While Prospero may claim “Je suis la Puissance ” (44) [“I am Power” (32)], his material might resides in technological know-how and bio ap the machinery of repression. Thesis On The Red Badge Of Courage? The play charts an past bio ap, ongoing demystification and unravelling of his authority. As A tempest reaches its climax, Caliban recites a long litany of abuses and digital thesis injustices forced upon him: Il faut que tu comprennes, Prospero : des annees j’ai courbe la tete, des annees j’ai accepte.

tes insultes, ton ingratitude, pis encore, plus degradante que tout le reste, Mais maintenant c’est fini ! Fini, tu entends ! Bien sur, pour le moment tu es encore. Mais ta force, je m’en moque, comme de tes chiens, d’ailleurs, de ta police, de tes inventions ! Et tu sais pourquoi je m’en moque ? C’est parce que je sais que je t’aurai. Empale ! Et au pieu que. tu auras toi-meme aiguise ! (87-88) 38 See the citation at the start of this article to see how this speech continues. You must understand, Prospero: for years I bowed my head, for years I stomached it, stomached all of past bio ap, it: your insults, your ingratitude, and worst of all, more degrading than all the rest,

But now it’s over! Over, do you hear! Of course, for the moment you’re still. But I don’t care two hoots about thesis your power, or your dogs either, your police, or your inventions! And do you know why I don’t care? It’s because I know I’ll have you! You’ll be impaled! And on a stake.

you’ll have sharpened yourself!38 (57-58) 39 According to Michel Giraud, “Dialectics of Descent and Phenotypes in Racial Classification in Mart (. ) 31 In an inspired response to Shakespeare’s mage’s magic, Cesaire’s Caliban identifies Prospero’s illusions with spreading a deceitful false consciousness about the state of the world, imposing on bio ap, Caliban a disabling belief in his own underdevelopment and incompetence.39 The speech is a culmination of Caliban’s efforts, established from sweeney todd essays, his first entry, to rise up above oppression and resurrect an authentic black culture and history. Gilbert and past bio ap Tompkins write, 40 Gilbert and Tompkins, op. cit. , p. Harvard Study? 12. Historical recuperation is one of the essays crucial aims and effects of many post-colonial plays, which frequently tell the sweeney essays other side of the conquering whites’ story in order to bio ap essays contest the official version of history that is preserved in imperialist texts. Like his/her version of history, the coloniser’s language has assumed a position of dominance which must be interrogated and dismantled as part of the decolonising project.40. 32 Caliban has forced Prospero to look full square upon the charade of his colonial “mission” and when the latter warns him that he is assignment writers, heading towards suicidal perdition, Caliban tells him he hates him.

Prospero answers in essays kind: Eh bien moi aussi je te hais ! Car tu es celui par qui pour. la premiere fois j’ai doute de. Well I hate you as well! For you are the musical one who. made me doubt myself. for the first time. (59)

41 Helen Tiffin, “Post-colonial literatures and past essays counter-discourse”, in Kunapipi 9:3, 17-34, p. 17. Ti (. Point? ) 33 His ambivalence emphasises the shattered authority that has been steadily increasing throughout the play. According to past bio ap Hegel, we recognise ourselves through others’ recognition of us. Expert Writers? Caliban does not grant this consensual recognition. A fissure rends the colonial veil. Whereas, in The Tempest , Prospero leaves the island to return to bio ap Naples, conveniently bestowing forgiveness on all and sundry and with an imminent marriage between Miranda and Ferdinand symbolising a re-soldered alliance between estranged ruling houses—even if there is no contrition from Antonio—here he remains. Australia Digital Library? Just as Cesaire’s Ariel sings, “ Rien n’est, tout devient ” (30) [“Nothing is, all becomes” (23)], so post-colonial theatre configures “process, not arrival.”41 It is inimical to false closure; rather, it recognises the bio ap essays complexity of of view, its situation. Bio Ap? Prospero, the old colonialist, is left listless and of view essay aged, alone on the island, raging against the encroachment of nature, roaring out for Caliban but unable to untangle the past bio ap complexity of on english prose, his relationship with him beyond: “Toi-Moi ! Moi-Toi !” (92) [“You-Me! Me-You!” (61)] But the mutuality of this dialectic no longer holds. Caliban refuses to answer Prospero’s call; he has broken free from the grip of essays, Prospero’s voice, from colonial control, and thus has undermined Prospero’s fundamental conception of himself.

The final words of the essay play are an unseen Caliban’s distant, yet insistent and haunting, call for liberty. Shakespeare’s mage steps forward at the end of The Tempest , asking to be set free by applause. Here, there is no such recognition. Rather, he is fettered in a prison of moribund ideology and vested interests. Prospero’s failure to essays leave the island also indicates Cesaire’s recognition that whether decolonised or not, the grasp of harvard case method, colonialism (and, crucially, neo-colonialism) will not be relinquished so easily. 42 Almquist, op. cit. , p. 591. 43 Bob Marley and the Wailers, Buffalo Soldier , 1980, on the posthumously released Confrontation LP, (. ) 44 The Yoruba are a people of past bio ap, western Nigeria and neighbouring regions. Of View? A syncretistic religion of past bio ap essays, Sh (. Assignment? ) 34 Steve Almquist writes: “Cesaire’s representation of Caliban produces an Africanized figure that embodies the complexity of the diasporic African in the middle of the twentieth century.”42 It is past bio ap essays, my contention that the assignment writers resurrection and resistance of Caliban is founded upon the African cultural resonances in the play: “ Uhuru ”, Shango, “ Oo-en-day ”, “ Macaya ”. It is to bio ap essays these that Caliban owes allegiance and not to imposed western ideologies.

Like Malcolm, he calls himself “X”, identifies his dispossession, the fate of the enslaved African diaspora, and casts off the slough of harvard case study, abjection as he reclaims and refashions his cultural identity, “fighting for survival”, in Marley’s words, “in the heart of the Caribbean.”43 Caliban twice invokes Shango, the Yoruba god of thunder and lightning and the owner of the bio ap Bata drums. Cesaire identifies Shango as a great god of heaven who is very violent but who is point, fundamentally benevolent, renewing the past face of the earth. Shango is the violent storm which impregnates the of view introduction earth by bringing life-bringing rain. Past Bio Ap Essays? Shakespeare’s western tempest is countered by an African one.44. 45 See Gilbert and Tompkins, op. Musical Essays? cit. , p. 32-33, for a reading of this scene which epitomises “the sl (. Past Bio Ap? ) 35 A crucial interpellation into Shakespeare’s play comes as Une tempete speeds towards its climax. Library? Eshu, the African trickster devil-god “Dieu pour les amis, diable pour les ennemis” (68) [“God to my friends, Devil to my enemies” (45)], erupts into Prospero’s masque—anti-masque par excellence to past bio ap all the stilted, ongoing decorum of the classical goddesses. His lewdness and sexual predatoriness—“de son penis il frappe” (70) [“with his penis he smites” (46)] is an expert, ironic exposure of white paranoia and demonization. Cocking a snook at Prospero, Eshu is not part of the colonialist’s script. He re-appropriates a vivid black identity by using negative stereotype, in past essays a manner analogous to the political use of such terms as “dreadlock” or “queer”, and revelling in its otherness.

Such carnivalesque flaunting of taboo (rampant black sexuality and thesis on the of courage miscegenation) amounts to past a symbolic badge of insubordination and unbowed dissidence. The western pantheon is todd, dispersed and routed by such “vulgarity.” Eshu stands for past bio ap the supplanted spirit of of view essay, Africa returning, superabundant and irrepressible.45. Crucially, although beleaguered by the illusory ideologies of colonialism, Caliban remains true to his own culture and beliefs, living a symbiotic partnership with nature (personified as his mother Sycorax): Sycorax ma mere ! Serpent ! Pluie ! Eclairs ! Et je te retrouve partout : Dans l’?il de la mare qui me regarde, sans ciller, a travers les scirpes. Dans le geste de la racine tordue et son bond qui attend. Dans la nuit, la toute-voyante aveugle, la toute-flaireuse sans naseaux ! (26) Sycorax my mother! Serpent! Rain! Lightning! And I find you everywhere!

In the eye of the pond, which stares at me, unblinking, through the rushes. In the gesture of the twisted root with coiled spring. In the blinded all-seeing night, the nostril-less all-smelling night! (20) 36 It is he, rather than Shakespeare’s poet-mage, who is the most effective of verbal artificers. (“The isle is full of past bio ap, noises” is, of course, one of the most beautiful and expert assignment stirring of speeches in The Tempest .) 46 When reminded of past bio ap, being imprisoned in essay on english prose the cloven pine, Ariel dreams of having metamorphosed into a (. ) Cesaire celebrates Caribbean and African ecology throughout.46 His poetic brilliance is borne along by essays ritual and the carnivalesque, communicating visceral humour as well as sadness. Noir picoreur de la savane. le quiscale arpente le jour nouveaux. dans son armure hautaine.

zip ! L’incisif colibri. au fond d’une corolle s’ejouit. fera-t-il fou, fera-t-il ivre. lyre rameutant nos delires. la Liberte ohe ! La Liberte ! Ramier halte dans ces bois. Errant des iles c’est ici le repos. Le miconia est pillage pur. du sang violet de la baie mure.

de sang de sang barbouille ton plumage. Dans le dos des jours fourbus. la Liberte ohe ! La Liberte ! (64-65) Black pilferer of the savannah, the grackle surveys the new day— humid and point essay introduction stirring— from its lofty citadel. Zip! The incisive humming-bird.

rejoices in the depths of a flower’s innermost whorl. Is he mad, is he drunk, the lyre gathering our wild desires: Liberty ohay liberty! Woodpigeon halts in these woods. Wanderer of the past essays isles—here is repose. The miconia is utter spoils.

of violet blood of ripe berry. With blood, with blood smear your plumage. Upon the back of exhausted days. Liberty ohay liberty! (43) 37 This song of Caliban’s resonates with Shakespeare’s Ariel’s “Where the bee sucks there suck I” (the humming-bird rejoicing in the flower’s innermost whorl) and point of view introduction exemplifies Cesaire’s creative refashioning of The Tempest into a Caribbean context. 47 See Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths, Helen Tiffin, The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in (. Past Bio Ap? ) 38 Cesaire did not generally write in creole but “marooned” himself from metropolitan French, refashioning a new voice in a manner congruent with Bill Ashcroft et al. ’s notion of harvard law school case, Britain’s erstwhile Empire “writing back.”47 The maroons were runaway slaves. By analogy, he sought to break the bio ap fetters of colonialist discourse. Cesaire punned that he would pluck the “marrons du feu,” literally plucking the sweet-chestnuts from the australia thesis fire but also symbolically rising up against imperialist strictures.

Here the past bio ap essays mystification and assumptions of the colonially projected Tempest are met head on and the colonial form is hybridised with the introduction of African and English languages and method African and Caribbean ritual and rhythm. Past Essays? My translation sticks to the letter of the French script as faithfully as possible. Law School Case Study Method? Nevertheless, the past actors playing Ariel and Caliban inflected their speech with British West Indian patois, significantly enriching the production with the music of different discourses. Historically, English has been more obviously permeable than metropolitan French, policed by its own Academy. (Cesaire himself was famously the brilliant scholarship boy from the Antilles who spoke an elegant formal French, even conjugating the imperfect subjunctive.) 39 Over the years, the late prophet of negritude was criticised by other black post-colonial writers (e.g.

Wole Soyinka) and of view the disciples of bio ap essays, “ creolite ” for his allegiance to abstraction (some overarching African-ness) and for failing to recognise the point of view introduction authentic plurality of essays, voices in assignment writers the Caribbean. Cesaire wrote predominantly in classical French. Yet, absent thought creole might be from Une tempete , this play cherishes the local just as it springs from a deep love of essays, Africa, the faith and rock of the black diaspora. Furthermore, Cesaire’s negritude is grounded in a profound historical consciousness which identifies a common past of digital, suffering experienced by the African diaspora worldwide at the hands of imperialists and past bio ap essays slavers. Statement On The Of Courage? Caliban the past bio ap essays hero delivers a clarion call for justice and todd musical essays solidarity. The play is a twentieth-century masterpiece of world theatre, a triumph that re-appropriates the poetic force of Shakespeare, kicks down blinkered insularity and demands to be seen and heard. 1 Caliban . — Prospero you’re a great illusionist: / you know all about lies. / And you lied to me so much, / lied about the world, lied about yourself, / that you ended up by past essays imposing on me / an image of myself: / underdeveloped, in your words, / incompetent, / that’s how you forced me to see myself, / and I hate that image! And it is assignment, false! / But now I know you, you old cancer, / And I also know myself! (58).

Citations throughout are from Aime Cesaire, Une tempete , Paris, Seuil, 1969, and from my translation, Philip Crispin, A tempest , London, Oberon, 2000. Page numbers for both follow in parentheses. 2 From Aime Cesaire, Cahier d’un retour au pays natal , Paris, Presence Africaine, 1956. 3 A tempest ( Une tempete) played from past bio ap essays, 21 September to 14 October, 1998. It was described by Professor Malcolm Bowie as “not simply a new reading of Shakespeare but an original play of astonishing power.” Malcolm Bowie, “Island Infamy” (review of A tempest ), Times Literary Supplement , 9 October, 1998, p. 22. 4 I am indebted to red badge Peter Hulme and Bill Sherman for the stage history in this paragraph. Their co-edited book “ The Tempest ” and past essays its Travels , published by Reaktion Books in 2000, is a rich cultural study of The Tempest , exploring, among other concerns, its vitality in assignment writers new contexts, its key significance in colonial and post-colonial debates, and its problematising of the movement between the local and the global. Bio Ap? It includes two scenes from point of view introduction, my translation and bio ap essays two photographs by Pau Ros from the London production, as well as an article by Lucy Rix: “Maintaining the of courage State of Emergence/y: Aime Cesaire’s Une tempete ”. 5 See Robert Eric Livingston, “Decolonizing the Theatre: Cesaire, Serreau and past bio ap the Drama of expert assignment writers, Negritude”, in past essays J. Ellen Gainor, ed., Imperialism and Theatre: Essays on of view introduction, World Theatre, Drama and Performance ,London, 1995, p. 182-98.

6 See Alvina Ruprecht, “Staging Aime Cesaire’s Une tempete : Anti-Colonial Theatre in the Counter-Culture Continuum”, Essays in Theatre/Etudes theatrales , 15:1, 1996, p. Past? 59?68, p. 62. 7 Of course, it is true that in The Tempest , Sycorax and Caliban also colonised the island and supplanted its original inhabitants, too. Evidently, Cesaire’s polemical adaptation provides a partial reading of the original script. His focus is on the (formerly) enslaved black diaspora. Intriguingly, however, in his droll re-working of Caliban’s encounter with Stephano and Trinculo, the recalcitrant butler and jester still refer to him as an Indian or, more often, a “nindian”. This word possesses a double resonance. Firstly, it recalls the original inhabitants of the “New World”, vast numbers of whom were wiped out due to conquerors’ genocides, inhuman treatment or because their immune system was unable to protect them against assignment, newly imported diseases.

In Cesaire’s play, Stephano and Trinculo still intend to display Caliban in a travelling fair as an exotic “freak” when back home. Secondly, “nindian” evokes West Indian, the past collective name for law school anglophone Caribbean inhabitants, so called because Christopher Columbus had dubbed the indigenous people he found Indians, for past bio ap essays he believed that he would be able to reach the Indies by sailing west. Since the prose period of slavery, of course, the majority of “West Indians” are descended from the African diaspora. Bio Ap Essays? It is important to note that, with the exception of the sweeney essays list of dramatis person? in which Caliban is identified as a savage slave, it is Trinculo who, in Act II Scene 2, categorically registers Caliban’s humanity, calling him an “islander”, and also how in past bio ap England “would this monster make a man”. He and Stephano generally refer to him in pejorative dehumanising terms (eg “mooncalf”), however. 8 Quoted in Livingston, op. Point Of View? cit. Past Bio Ap? , p. 192.

9 Helen Gilbert and statement red badge of courage Joanne Tompkins, Post-Colonial Drama: Theory, Practice, Politics , London and New York, Routledge, 1996, p. 15. Thomas Macaulay’s “Minute on Education” (1835) which argued for the importance of literature in producing Indians “English in taste, in opinions, and in intellect” was a foundational text in such epistemic colonisation. 10 Lucy Rix, “Maintaining the State of bio ap essays, Emergence/y: Aime Cesaire’s Une tempete ”, in Peter Hulme and Bill Sherman, op. Australia? cit. , p. 236-249, p. 239. Quotation from Legitime Defense taken from Lilyan Kesteloot, Black Writers in French , trans. Ellen Conroy Kennedy, Philadelphia, 1974. 11 In our production in London, we replaced Baudelaire with Miranda’s line: “O brave new world, that hath such creatures in it!” which always received a good laugh. 12 Gilbert and Tompkins, op. Past Essays? cit. , p. Expert Assignment? 3. 14 See Ibid. , p. 19-25, for past bio ap essays a discussion of how Shakespeare was taught and regarded in the colonies. 15 Rob Nixon, “Caribbean and African Appropriations of harvard law school case study, The Tempest ”, Critical Inquiry 13 (1987), p. 569.

16 See Gilbert and Tompkins, op. Bio Ap? cit. , p. 30-31. 17 Paul Brown, “‘This Thing of australia library, Darkness I Acknowledge Mine’: The Tempest and essays the Discourse of Colonialism”, in Jonathan Dollimore and Alan Sinfield, Eds., Political Shakespeare: New Essays in Cultural Materialism , Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1985, p. 48-71, p. 48. 19 Although there had been Cambro-Norman-English colonising of Ireland since the twelfth century, this became concerted in the sixteenth century. The colonial experience in Ireland, along with the Bermuda pamphlets and the colony in Virginia, provided further topical inspiration for harvard law school The Tempest . 20 Francis Barker and past bio ap essays Peter Hulme, “‘Nymphs and writers Reapers Heavily Vanish’: The Discursive Con-texts of The Tempest ”, in Jonathan Drakakis, Ed., Alternative Shakespeares , London and New York, Methuen, 1985, p. Bio Ap? 191-205, p. 204. 21 Aime Cesaire, Discourse on Colonialism , Trans. Digital Thesis Library? Joan Pinkham, New York, Monthly Review Press, 2000, p. Past? 32. 22 The Discourse on Colonialism compares the essay evils of imperialism with the evil of the Holocaust, the difference being that in the former case the evils went largely unchronicled and uncondemned. Past Bio Ap Essays? Caliban says at the climax of the play: “Te vomir.

Toi, tes pompes, tes ?uvres ! Ta blanche toxine !” (87) [“I’d vomit you up, all your pomp and designs! Your white poison!” (57)]. 23 Gonzalo’s idyll-manifesto chimes with the point of view essay introduction type of cliches trotted out past, during an australia library, exhibition on “The Happy Antilles” held in Paris in past bio ap essays 1945 by the Ministry of Colonies. Poems included described Martinique as an enchanting “Paradis vegetaux”, a “Coffre a baisers” and a “Cher jardin des petits cadeaux”, a “Familiere boite a surprise”. Cited in harvard method Rix, op. cit. , p. 306. 24 The phrase “noble savage” first appeared in Dryden’s play The Conquest of Granada (1672) although it may have been inspired by a 1609 travelogue about Canada by the French explorer Marc Lescarbot who wrote that the “savages are truly noble”, although this was because they, like French royalty, hunted game. Alexander Pope’s “Essay on Man” describes the “poor Indian” living within nature and touched by grace. The travel accounts of such explorers as Louis Antoine de Bougainville and James Cook encouraged a belief in an Edenic culture residing within the South Seas. Past Bio Ap? See Ter Ellingson, The Myth of the Noble Savage , Berkeley, University of California Press, 2001. 25 In Une tempete , Prospero tells Miranda how his prophetic art had “discovered” the precise location of those lands which had been sought for centuries.

His brother Antonio and law school case study method rival King Alonso of Naples conspire to depose him and steal his “empire a naitre” (20) [“unborn empire” (16)]. Past Essays? This fascinating addition to the plot calls to mind the expert assignment great powers’ “scramble for Africa” in the nineteenth century and other such contests for territorial domination. In response to Gonzalo’s “guano project”, Sebastian says: “Faut-il encore qu’il y ait des bras pour cultiver [les champs]” (40) [“But we’ll still need hands to cultivate [the fields] (29)”. Hands is a convenient, depersonalising euphemism for labour, not least slave labour. Past? Gonzalo’s “plantation” in The tempest leads inevitably to the thoughts of slave plantations—across the Caribbean, the thesis red badge American tropics (North, Central and South) and Africa where King Leopold’s rubber plantation in the Congo led to past Joseph Conrad’s memorable phrase: “the heart of darkness”.

26 Cf the OED’s definition of harvard method, pidgin: “any combination and distortion of past, two languages as a means of essay, communication.” Caliban communicates his otherness. Essays? According to Alan Lawson and Chris Tiffin: “‘Difference’, which in colonialist discourse connotes a remove from essays, normative European practice, and hence functions as a marker of past, subordination, is for post-colonial analysis the correspondent marker of of view, identity, voice, and essays hence empowerment.” Alan Lawson and Chris Tiffin, “Conclusion: reading difference”, in C. Tiffin and A. Lawson, Eds., De-Scribing Empire: Post-Colonialism and writers Textuality , London, Routledge, 1994, 230-235, p. 230. 27 Steve Almquist, “Not Quite the bio ap Gabbling of ‘A Thing Most Brutish’: Caliban’s Kiswahili in Aime Cesaire’s A tempest ”, Callaloo, vol. 29, Number 2, 2006, p. 587-607, p. 587-588. 28 Almquist warns that the word should not be understood in a monolithic way. Much of the on the red badge of courage western media demonised and sensationalized the Mau Mau as savage, primitive and anti-Christian, hence the essays word for many whites raised a frisson of anxiety and fear. “ Uhuru threatened to essay demolish the essays common [white and western] representation of the thesis on the childlike, faithful, and loyal African.” Ibid. , p. 587. In Robert Ruark’s popular 1962 novel Uhuru , the word evoked for past bio ap essays whites a measure of loss—lost power over servants, lost lands, lost security, lost innocence. At the same time it identified Africans as bestial and depraved. “In a sense,” Almquist adds, “Ruark is recasting Shakespeare’s The Tempest and offering a twentieth-century version of the depraved slave in need of ‘civilizing’”. Ibid. , p. Case Method? 601. Past Essays? At the same time, there was a burgeoning attraction to the concept and on english linguistic power of Uhuru for those who might feel like modern-day Calibans themselves.

Julius Nyerere, the Tanzanian leader, and essays a great hero of African de-colonization, used the word. Harvard Law School Case Method? According to Steven Feierman, “Gender, Slavery and Chiefship: Peasant Attempts to Create an Alternative Discourse”, in Peasant Intellectuals: Anthropology and History in Tanzania , Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 1990, p. Bio Ap? 204-222, p. Study Method? 212, cited by essays Almquist, “When older people heard Nyerere talk about Uhuru , “freedom” or “independence”, they also knew Uhuru in their observed experience as the harvard case study method release from past essays, utung’wa , “slavery” or “pawnship”, which in their thinking presupposed an entire system of expert assignment writers, descent-group rights in persons.” Almquist writes: “At the same time Uhuru would resonate as a symbolic slogan for bio ap essays overcoming racial oppression worldwide, in East Africa it carried with it the literal sense of freedom from a system of point of view essay introduction, slavery.” Cesaire may or may not have been aware of this further resonance. Past Essays? Almquist, Ibid. , p. Law School Case? 605. For a more expansive discussion of Uhuru , See Almquist, Ibid. , p. 598-601. 30 Almquist, op. cit. See p. 597.

31 “Freckled” refers to Caliban’s skin colour. Cesaire’s use of the notoriously racist abuse word “monkey” responds acutely to such a derogatory description. 33 Cited in past Robert P. Smith and Robert J. Hudson, “Evoking Caliban: Cesaire’s Response to Shakespeare”, CLA Journal, 35,4, 1992, p. 387-399, p. 394. 34 Lucy Rix, op. Harvard Case Method? cit. , p. 237-238, discusses the drive towards self “whitening” as one of the most insidious obstacles to decolonization in Martinique and how mulattos with their peau chappes (escape skins) sought nothing but the ideal of assimilating into white French culture. The racial ideology, based on the association of the idea of freedom with resemblance, was deeply seated in not just the essays white but also within the mulatto and black communities as well. 35 In his Course in General Linguistics , Ferdinand de Saussure (posthumous inspirer of Structuralism) conceives of language as composed of the overarching general structure, langue , and localized, contextual utterances he calls parole . Assignment Writers? He provides the metaphor of the orchestra to elucidate his concept. As each musician warms up, there is a form of cacophony; only when the conductor conducts, is there symphonic music. So general communication can only come through langue as opposed to the specificities of past bio ap, parole ’s localized discourse. See Ferdinand de Saussure, Course in General Linguistics , Trans.

Roy Harris, La Salle, Illinois, Open Court, 1983. Yet Prospero’s logocentric view (in which he corresponds to the logos , both speech and reason) amounts to an absolutist insensitivity to cultural context. Thesis Red Badge? He rejects fluidity and, with blind ignorance and arrogance, seeks to impose his own cultural code. 36 Chris Tiffin and past bio ap Alan Lawson, Eds., De-Scribing Empire: Post-Colonialism and Textuality , London, Routledge, 1994, p. 6. 37 Indeed, in an exciting addition to study the original plot, the scientific Prospero sneers in bio ap recollecting his near-persecution at the hands of the Inquisition (“etres de nuit” (21) [“creatures of australia digital, darkness” (17)]) who wished to try him over charges of bio ap essays, necromancy and sorcery. Cesaire casts Gonzalo as a pious buffoon whose catechism lesson on the difference between an act of contrition and an act of attrition satirically evokes the Christian will to musical essays reconciliation and forgiveness so central to The Tempest . His later attempted exorcism of Caliban, which the latter meets with laughter, and then the handing him over to the “bras seculier” (86) [“secular arm” (56)], ie Prospero, to do with as he will, chillingly calls to mind the complicity of the Church in the ruthless execution of the colonial enterprise and past essays the persecution of statement red badge, indigenous peoples in bio ap the guise of saving their souls (as recalled in the murals of Diego Rivera in Mexico City).

38 See the citation at the start of this article to see how this speech continues. 39 According to Michel Giraud, “Dialectics of Descent and Phenotypes in sweeney todd musical essays Racial Classification in Martinique”, in bio ap essays Richard D.E. Burton and Fred Reno, ed.s, French and West Indian: Martinique, Guadaloupe and French Guiana Today, London, 1995, p. 75-85, racism in Martinique was deeply internalized. 40 Gilbert and Tompkins, op. Todd Musical? cit. , p. Essays? 12. 41 Helen Tiffin, “Post-colonial literatures and counter-discourse”, in Kunapipi 9:3, 17-34, p. 17. Australia Digital Thesis? Tiffin adjudges that, “Decolonization is process, not arrival.” 43 Bob Marley and past the Wailers, Buffalo Soldier , 1980, on the posthumously released Confrontation LP, Tuff Gong/Island Records, 1983.

44 The Yoruba are a people of expert, western Nigeria and neighbouring regions. A syncretistic religion of Shango is widespread across the Caribbean and in past essays Brazil. In La Tragedie du Roi Christophe , Henri Christophe, who wished to honour and restore the grandeur of of view essay, his people, represents Shango. Bio Ap? Like Caliban-X, he recognises how the slavers and colonialists robbed the essay prose people of their history and past essays names of pride. Writers? Aime Cesaire, La Tragedie du Roi Christophe , Paris, Presence Africaine, 1970. 45 See Gilbert and Tompkins, op. Past Bio Ap Essays? cit. , p. 32-33, for a reading of law school case study method, this scene which epitomises “the slave’s ability to counter his master’s power over representation”. “This counter-utopian moment critiques both the ritual contexts and the performance codes of bio ap essays, The Tempest’s masque, substituting a ceremony that attests to the unconstrained vitality of thesis statement on the, Afro-Caribbean culture.” See Rix, op. cit. , p. 240, where she writes of Cesaire’s appropriation of past, surrealism in his arsenal of cultural resistance. Surrealism “aimed to shock the prim bourgeoisie with a production of humorous, vulgar gestures that attempted to undermine the validity and authority of high-brow Western culture.” It is also pertinent to point out here that Caliban-X categorically denies trying to rape Miranda, a reason given for his bondage in harvard law school case study method Shakespeare’s play. Rather he says to Prospero: “Dis-donc, vieux bouc, tu me pretes tes idees libidineuses” (27) [“Listen, old goat, you’ve foisted your own lustful cravings on past, me (21)].” In Shakespeare’s original, Caliban is cast as an thesis, unbridled wild man, the wild man being the very image of desire. 46 When reminded of past bio ap, being imprisoned in the cloven pine, Ariel dreams of having metamorphosed into a tree, Ovid-style. Point Essay? He dreams of both palms and ceiba trees (Caribbean) but also the baobab, home to the hornbill (Africa). 47 See Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths, Helen Tiffin, The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures , London, Routledge, 1989.

Some creole is spoken in The Tragedy of King Christophe . Past Bio Ap Essays? Op. Thesis Of Courage? cit. Philip Crispin , « A Tempestuous Translation: Aime Cesaire’s Une tempete », Itineraires , 2010-4 | 2010, 137-161. Philip Crispin , « A Tempestuous Translation: Aime Cesaire’s Une tempete », Itineraires [En ligne], 2010-4 | 2010, mis en ligne le 01 decembre 2010, consulte le 05 octobre 2017. URL : http://itineraires.revues.org/1746 ; DOI : 10.4000/itineraires.1746. University of Hull, England. « Banlieues » : entre imaginaires et experiences 2016-2 | 2017.

Livre, serialite et transmedialite 2016-1 | 2016. Ecrire et creer avec les villes en mouvement 2015-3 | 2016. Ethos numeriques 2015-2 | 2016. Stumbling blocks. Entraves et obstacles aux circulations 2015-1 | 2015. Recits de societe 2014-3 | 2015. Le polar en Europe : reecritures du genre 2014-2 | 2015.

Tisseurs : transtextualisation et interculturalites 2014-1 | 2015. Textualites numeriques 2013-2 | 2014. Sade et les femmes 2013-1 | 2013. La fiction aujourd’hui 2012-3 | 2013. Lire les villes marocaines 2012-2 | 2012. Intime et politique 2012-1 | 2012. Genres et avant-gardes 2011-4 | 2011.

Ecrivains communistes francais 2011-3 | 2011. Recits du corps au Maroc et au Japon 2011-2 | 2011. Le concept de memoire 2011-1 | 2011. Les Memoires, une question de genre ? 2010-4 | 2010. Modernites shakespeariennes 2010-3 | 2010. Medievalisme 2010-2 | 2010. Les blogs 2010-1 | 2010. Vies possibles, vies romanesques 2009-4 | 2009.

Pour une histoire de l’intime et de ses variations 2009-3 | 2009. Modernites occidentales et extra-occidentales 2009-2 | 2009. Caraibe et ocean Indien 2009-1 | 2009. Corpographeses Numero inaugural | 2008. ISSN electronique 2427-920X.

Informations Titre : Itineraires Litterature, textes, cultures En bref : Revue etudiant l’emergence de nouveaux espaces litteraires, en termes d’aires culturelles, de supports, d’ideologie, de representation du sujet.

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colours essay In magical parlance, a “stack” is a specific, intentional ordering of past essays cards. A “stacked deck” can be partial ( some of the cards are arranged in a stack) or full ( all of the cards are so arranged). Musical Essays! This essay discusses two common (but very different) types of full-deck playing card stacks. A sequential stack permits one to bio ap determine the card following (and, in most cases, that preceding ) any given card. Such stacks are relative in musical nature (i.e., no particular card is designated as being at the top of the past essays, deck), and designed to be “cyclic” (indeed, they are sometimes termed “circular” or “rosary” stacks). Consequently, the pack may be given any number of red badge of courage single complete cuts without disturbing the functionality of the stack. Classic examples include the venerable Si Stebbins (a numeric progression: see analysis, below; download a copy of Si Stebbins’ original book, “Card Tricks and past bio ap essays, The Way They Are Performed”) and Eight Kings (a rhyming mnemonic progression: Eight kings threatened to save, nine fine ladies for one sick knave. ⇒ 8K3102795Q4A6J) stacks.

There are mnemonic sequences other than Eight Kings (cf. Five Trees , Furry Kitten , Hungry Jackass , Jackass Ate , Nine Jacks , Unfortunate Jock , etc.), and expert assignment, numeric progressions other than Si Stebbins (see discussion below), but the concepts are the same. The basic versions of bio ap these classic stacks exhibit a rotating suit (and thus alternating colour) sequence that is not very desirable; there are methods for eliminating this, but they add to expert the complexity of the next-suit calculation. Better (more deceptive, and just as easily used) stacks exist, though. For sequential stacks, the past essays, principal goal is an of view essay introduction, effective compromise between (1) the ease of determining the next  and previous  cards in the stack, and (2) the degree to which the stack appears to be a random assortment of cards. “New deck order” is an example of an arrangement in which it is trivial to determine adjoining cards, but one that does not look at all random. Past Bio Ap! At the other extreme is a stack like the Breakthrough Card System, in which it is quite difficult (for most people; mathematicians are not so easily deceived) to determine that the cards are ordered, but that requires a considerable number of “processing” steps in order to make the next- and previous-card determinations. More contemporary sequential stacks (including my own well-reviewed DAO Stack ) strive instead for an optimal compromise somewhere between these extremes, combining an essay on english prose, ease of operation comparable to Stebbins/Kings with an ordering that appears random to all but quite rigourous examination. In truth, an accomplished artist is not plagued by audiences demanding to examine the bio ap essays, cards. Statement On The Red Badge! It’s wise to past recall that superstar mentalist Chan Canasta built his stellar career on the Eight Kings stack, and world-class magicians Stewart James and case study method, Gene Anderson chose the Si Stebbins above all others!

That said, unless it’s necessary to past exploit the particular ordering of Stebbins/Kings-like systems, there is assignment writers no good reason for bio ap modern entertainers not to expert employ more deceptive approaches. A memorized stack (aka “memorized deck”, “memdeck”) is one in which you simply(!) know the position of past bio ap essays every card, and  conversely  the name of the card at any location. Clearly, this is suitable for anything requiring a knowledge of preceding and on english prose, following cards, but it enables a much wider realm of possibilities. Do not confuse this with the concept of past bio ap essays rapidly “memorizing a deck” as performed by memory experts, which simply means learning the point of view introduction, order of the cards in a shuffled deck. Such demonstrations do not generally concern themselves with the numerical positions of the individual cards. There is no “trick” to this; as the name suggests, the stack is actually memorized. There are, however, four alternative approaches to the learning process. The first, and most straightforward, is with the use of rote memory. Decide on the pack arrangement you want to use (ensure that it appears to be random ), and just sit down and past bio ap, memorize it. It’s not as difficult as it sounds, but it’s not trivial either. Digital Thesis Library! And some people do find it beyond their capacity.

The second approach is the bio ap, use of classical mnemonic tools as a “stepping stone”. Expert Writers! The well-known mnemonic alphabet (T/D=1, N=2, M=3, etc.) can be used to past bio ap essays devise images for each of the 52 positions in the stack. Similarly, images can be created for each of the 52 cards in australia digital the deck. Then scenarios can be imagined, pairing the card images with their corresponding stack position images. So when given a card name (or stack position), one can recall the associated images to reconstruct the relationship, and the corresponding position (or name). This won’t be truly useful/effective, of course, until you have learned the relationships so well that you no longer have to think about the images, but can simply (and instantly) recall the association directly. The most widely-used such stacks are currently those by Simon Aronson and Juan Tamariz, extensively described in essays their respective books, though this solution can be applied equally to any of the many other published stacks those by Steve Aldrich, Laurie Ireland, Bob Klase, Ed Marlo, William McCaffrey, Herbert Newell, Claude Rix, Rusduck, Mike Skinner, Rufus Steele, and Audley Walsh, to name only of view some of the past, better-regarded ones. It’s also worth noting that Bob Farmer has devised an easily-learned mnemonic system (not requiring knowledge of the mnemonic alphabet) for memorizing arbitrary playing card sequences. Another useful playing-card-specific mnemonic code can be found in lesson seven of David Roth’s venerable Memory Course . The above two approaches yield a pair of sweeney musical essays useful benefits: they allow for the most random appearance, and they permit stacks that have been “wired” to perform very specific effects, commonly spelling tricks (which I have never found to bio ap essays be particularly strong performance material), poker deals, and harvard law school study, the like.

They are challenging to learn, however, and past, also have a significant drawback: unless you are regularly doing a lot of memorized deck work, it is easy to point introduction forget a particular association in the heat of performance. A third approach is past used in Martin Joyal’s Six-Hour Memorized Deck and Chris Matt’s Six Kicks stack. Harvard Case Method! In place of a classical mnemonic system, these each employ a set of “rules” (Joyal uses fourteen, Matt thirteen) as stepping stones to enable learning and remembering the necessary relationships. By way of an example, the rule for past essays the four deuces (2s) in the Joyal stack is “even positions containing the digits 2 and 4: 22-40-42-44”. The equivalent rule for the Matt stack is “positions ending with the digit 2: 12-22-32-42”. One can see that these are not precise, specific rules (they are more like clues), and some additional memorization is expert assignment writers clearly required. Nonetheless, such an approach makes it significantly easier to get to the stage where you can match card names and stack positions. But there is no magic road to the point where you can instantly recall those associations that will take a similar amount of time in any case.

The fourth approach is an algorithmic one, in which a formula of some kind is used to relate card values and positions. This approach is particularly popular among those who want to do memorized deck work, but not make it a life’s work (particularly mentalists and others who don’t do a lot of bio ap card work, but recognize the miracles that can be performed with a memorized deck). Its advantage lies in the fact that a single algorithm relates any card name to its corresponding position (and vice versa). Of View Essay Introduction! This yields two specific benefits: first, it enables one to perform a significant number of “memorized deck effects” without truly memorizing the stack; second, if the memorized relationship is temporarily forgotten, there’s still a reliable (albeit slower) fallback position. Although it’s possible to compute card positions with the Si Stebbins arrangement, it’s not very easy, so few consider using it in past bio ap essays such a fashion. Essay On English Prose! Three notable algorithmic solutions are the Bart Harding stack, the Charles Gauci stack, and my own QuickerStack . Bio Ap! Each is easily learned (less than half an hour’s effort for most people). Without going into sweeney musical essays detail (and revealing information that is not mine to disclose), here is a brief comparative summary of the three: The Bart Harding stack (published in 1962) is the most random-appearing, and past essays, will withstand the most intensive scrutiny. The algorithm is law school method not completely consistent, having a couple of exceptions. It also requires the most calculation, and therefore takes the longest to convert between card names and past essays, stack positions (though it’s still considerably faster than much of todd essays what’s out past there).

Here are the point of view essay, first dozen cards: 10C 7H 4S AD JD 6C 7C 9S 6D AC JC 8H QuickerStack (from my book, Mindsights; also available separately) occupies the middle ground. Because it is designed as a tetradistic stack, it’s not as random looking as Harding’s, but will still withstand pretty careful examination. Doing the past essays, conversions, however, is dramatically faster than with the Harding system. Harvard Case Study Method! Here are the first dozen cards: 7S 5H 10C KD 2H 9C AS QD 6C 3C JH 8D The Charles Gauci stack (from his lecture notes, and bio ap, also sold separately) is the least random appearing of the three, with regular suit rotation (thus alternating colors as well) and essay prose, clearly detectable sequences, but the conversions are slightly faster than QuickerStack ’s. Here are the first dozen cards: 3H 6S 9D AC 4H 7S 10D 2C 5H 8S JD 3C. The Si Stebbins Family: Note that the basic concept of Gauci’s stack (published in 2002) is identical to that of two others Boris Wild’s (published in 1996), and Jack Yates’ (1978). Past Bio Ap! In fact, all three are modified versions of the so-called “Si Stebbins” stack (1612, but popularized by William Coffrin, aka Si Stebbins, in 1898), itself a variation of the australia digital thesis, Horatio Galasso stack (1593, in his Giochi di Carte Bellissimi di Regola, et di Memoria )! Some versions are quite weak the Wild stack, for past bio ap essays example, is comprised of 13 four-card groups (each in strict sequence, both numerically and with respect to suit), with all the court cards clustered at the end, and thus unlikely to survive any but the most cursory examination.

This is harvard case study not necessarily a show-stopper ( any card arrangement can be hidden by a sufficiently skilled performer), but there are no commensurate benefits: the essays, computations necessary for Wild’s name/position conversions are no simpler than with (for example) QuickerStack , which offers a considerably more random presentation. Anyone interested in further details of this “Si Stebbins family” of digital thesis library stacks can explore a spreadsheet that I constructed to bio ap essays illustrate the algorithm. By way of essay prose a summary, here is a brief comparison of the tradeoffs associated with the essays, four different memorized deck techniques: It’s important to understand that “ease of learning the associations” in this comparison refers to exactly that, and not the total time necessary to reach the stage where translations between card positions and values can be performed instantly , without conscious thought . The latter is primarily a function of practice, the additional acquisition time being roughly comparable in all cases. Many excellent “memorized deck effects”, of course, do not require this facility. Realize as well that there are specific exceptions to these broad, general characteristics. For example: ¹ The above summary comparison refers to random/arbitrary “built-in” effects. Writers! As rote memory and classical mnemonics can be used with any sequence of cards, one has considerable freedom to construct arrangements in support of bio ap essays chosen effects. But this hardly rules out the australia thesis, ability to build in bio ap effects with other methods, particularly the algorithmic approach. Certain specialized stack orderings (stay stacks, tetradistic stacks, etc.) enable a considerable variety of extremely strong effects, and algorithms can be designed to produce such orderings (in fact, this is exactly how QuickerStack was created).

Many  myself included  would argue that this is law school case study method superior to methodologies that only support a handful of very specific, predetermined effects. Top card man Alan Ackerman, for one, has written, “I personally feel the tetradistic stack is the strongest of all stacks.” So these issues are not as simplistic as some imply. ² The use of rote memory or classical mnemonics to memorize a sequential stack yields a functional backup strategy (since, if an bio ap, association is forgotten, one can apply the sequential rule in conjuction with an adjacent card); unfortunately, this largely nullifies the “built-in” effect advantage. Understand also that this chart refers to backup techniques that are inherent to of view the learning method: obviously, external crib sheets could be constructed for past any stack, though their use can be problematic in the heat of todd performance. Occasionally one reads disparaging remarks about algorithmic and rule-based solutions, claiming that they are not “real” memorized decks. This is uninformed nonsense (and a common consequence of confusing the organization of a stack with the issue of whether or not it is memorized). A memorized deck is simply that, and that alone one in which the practitioner knows the positions of all 52 cards; the method initially used to past essays learn the card name/position relationships is irrelevant.

With any approach, translations made while one is still learning the stack will be too slow for some effects (though perfectly sufficient for many others). It’s certainly true that in the case of an algorithmic solution, one can simply learn the algorithm and never actually memorize the stack (this, in fact, is harvard method one of the essays, benefits of this approach), but then it’s not really a “memorized deck”. If you want to know the card at position #46 in the Aronson stack, you either just “know” that it’s the australia thesis library, Eight of bio ap Hearts , or you apply the various mnemonic rules to work it out: four is an thesis on the red badge of courage, “R”; six is a soft “J”, “SH”, “CH”, or “G”; that suggests a “roach”; that reminds you of a hive filled with roaches; the “H” in “hive” indicates a “Heart”; the “V” is an “Eight”. Past Essays! In QuickerStack , you either “know” that #46 is the Ace of Diamonds , or you use an assignment, algorithm to work it out: forty-six denotes bank four, the seventh (6+1) card, an “Ace”; the natural suit of an past, Ace is Spades; in the fourth bank, it is three (4-1) greater, a “Diamond”. Neither approach is “better” in essays any absolute sense; they are just different.

The tradeoff is that the algorithmic solution can be learned a lot more quickly (a single, straightforward algorithm vs. a mnemonic alphabet, 104 word images, and 52 word-pair relationships), but constrains the order of the cards, thus limiting the bio ap essays, possibility of building in arbitrary effects (but still enabling the incorporation of effect methodologies, an alternative preferred by many). Anyone using either approach regularly will soon “know” all the harvard law school study method, card positions anyway, though it’s nice to be able to calculate them if you forget! For the sake of past essays completeness, I also note that both Barrie Richardson and australia digital thesis library, Lewis Jones have published clever algorithmic systems that are extremely easy to past essays learn, but cover only half the pack: either all the even cards (Jones), or all those of one colour (Richardson). These can be quite effective for certain effects. I hope that the above exposition will help lay to rest the absurd notion that there is a “best” stack.

There is not, despite an abundance of grandiose proclamations (with very little justification one way or another) that the proclaimer’s personal choice of stack is such. My own view, for the record: No stack is on the red badge “best” for everyone, though any particular stack may be “best” for past essays your needs. Thesis Statement Red Badge! Anyone who claims otherwise is either naïve, or marketing. Almost any stack (including simple ones like Si Stebbins and Eight Kings ) offers one or more advantages over other stacks, otherwise it would have long since disappeared from the scene. You might not consider such elements advantageous, but that’s to be expected (see point #1). If the stack that you are using appears sufficiently random (no obvious recurring sequences of values, suits, or colours, say), and you can call out the stack in sequence (for a sequential stack) or randomly (with positions, for a memorized deck), at a cadence of not worse than about past, one second per digital library, card , then that stack is probably sufficient for essays your needs (though it may lack some feature for essay prose a specific trick), and you likely have no reason (other than intellectual curiosity) to explore others. If not, you might. There is no compelling reason (other than marketing) to campaign for bio ap others to use the expert assignment writers, same stack that you do.

Quite the opposite, in fact: the past bio ap, fewer people who use your favourite stack, the of view essay introduction, less widely it’s known, and bio ap, the more deceptive it will remain.