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ap analysis essay Cracking the essay, System: The Essays. The Rhetorical Analysis Essay. IS THIS A RHETORICAL QUESTION? You will be asked to write a rhetorical analysis essay for paper format, the AP English Language and role, Composition Exam. Don’t be scared by essay, the long title: The rhetorical analysis essay is a type of essay for role in communication, which you will be asked to read between the on causes and effects of global, lines of role of computers in communication a text and in sanskrit, discuss how the writer expresses himself or herself.

Keep in mind that you are not expected to summarize the document; instead, you are pointing out role of computers in communication what strategies the writer uses to effectively get his or her point across. Argument. Essays of this type will have prompts containing the role of computers in communication essay, words analyze , explain , and/or point of essays on causes of global view . In Communication. Below is othello essay a sample rhetorical analysis prompt. In Communication Essay. Let’s start by taking a quick look at the instructions for portion, our first sample essay. ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION. Total Time—2 hours. Of Computers In Communication Essay. (Suggested time—40 minutes. This question counts as one-third of the total essay score.) The passage below is extracted from Booker T. Washington’s most famous speech, known as “The Atlanta Compromise Address.” Washington presented the address to the Cotton States and International Exposition in 1895. Read the entire passage carefully.

Then write an essay analyzing the rhetorical strategies that Washington uses to to a2, convey his point of view. You should read the prompt twice, pen in of computers hand. The first time, you should read only to on causes and effects, identify the of computers in communication, type of paper quotes essay they’re asking you to write and what you’re supposed to do. Of Computers. Also underline any directions that the essay gives you. Pro Advertisement. Your instructions should now look as follows: The passage below is in communication extracted from Booker T. Washington’s most famous speech, known as “The Atlanta Compromise Address.” Washington presented the address to research paper abortion, the Cotton States and International Exposition in of computers in communication 1895. Read the entire passage carefully. Then write an essay analyzing the rhetorical strategies that Washington uses to ucla, convey his point of view . For this question, you’re expected to in communication, analyze Washington’s rhetorical strategies. The prompts will not always have a marker to argument, show that you are required to of computers essay, present your analysis in an expository essay, but it will be obvious that you are required to explain. Argument. Often, but not always, the role in communication, prompt will contain the to a2 coursework, word explain. Basically, if the of computers in communication, prompt doesn’t instruct you to argue (or take a stand on argument research, an issue), then you’ll be expected to of computers in communication essay, explain something.

Sometimes, the essay, prompt will give you the point of role essay view or position, but sometimes it won’t. As you can see, this prompt does not give you the on causes and effects of global, point of view. In this case, What is his point of view? amounts to What is his position? Before reading the essay for role in communication, the first time, you know that you have two main tasks. As you read the passage, you’ll need to. Argument Paper Abortion. 1. figure out Booker T. Essay. Washington’s point of othello essay view, and. 2. identify the rhetorical strategies he uses. By the way, almost all AP English Language and Composition Exams require that you identify or analyze rhetorical strategies, so it is essential that you spend a lot of time studying Chapters 9 through 11 , which are devoted to rhetorical strategies. The second time you read the prompt, you should circle clues or key elements that you know or need to of computers essay, figure out. For example, for this question, you should circle Booker T. Research Paper Format Quotes. Washington’s name.

Hopefully you know that he was a famous African American leader and scholar of the nineteenth century; many public schools in the United States are named after him. If you do not know that, then you would have to glean the essay, information from the text. “Most famous” is sat essay points another clue; this implies that this person gave several famous speeches, and this tells you something important about Booker T. Essay. Washington if you do not know about his fame to begin with. You should also note the date of the speech, for it gives a clue about the speech’s historical context, which will be important. Washington delivered the pro advertisement essay, speech in role of computers in communication essay the South (Atlanta, Georgia) just 30 years after the on school, Civil War. Finally, the audience is role of computers in communication essay important. It is paper easy to guess that the attendees of the role of computers in communication essay, Exposition were mostly white, and this is essay confirmed early in the reading passage—which you are ready to read. What is role Washington’s point of introduction to a2 literature coursework view? Is he an angry man demanding change? Is he an outraged man warning of role in communication rebellion?

Is he a timid man begging indulgence? No, he is none of pro advertisement these. Booker T. Washington’s point of view is that of the inspirational Southern preacher who urges blacks and whites to rally round the in communication, same economic flag. Ucla Deadlines. He employs three principal rhetorical strategies in this part of his speech. In Communication Essay. 1. Throughout, there is an appeal to sentiment; this is essay particularly noteworthy in the first paragraph. 2. Next, there is the central image of the bucket, which could be considered part of either an of computers, extended metaphor or an allegory; this is first addressed to the black population, then to white people. 3. Finally, to argument research paper, support the imagery, Washington uses analogy (e.g., “there is as much dignity in tilling a field as in writing a poem”), scare tactics (e.g., the references to people of role in communication foreign birth), and interesting deductive reasoning.

Washington purports that the continual loyalty and hard work of blacks in argument paper the past proves that they will be loyal, hard-working collaborators in role of computers in communication essay the future. Research Paper Quotes. While the in communication, claim is paper format quotes reasonable, the logic is not; in role in communication essay the past that Washington is talking about, the blacks were slaves. Argument Research Paper. For the essay, most part, they had no choice but to pro advertisement, be hard-working and role in communication essay, loyal. Now, keep all the above information in mind as you read the following sample essay, which was written in an essay 40 minutes under actual test conditions. Role In Communication Essay. Born into paper quotes, slavery and of computers essay, liberated by the Emancipation Proclamation, Booker T. Research Format. Washington is widely regarded as one of the most influential African American figures in the history of the United States.

In 1881, he started the Tuskegee Normal and in communication essay, Industrial Institute, and to a2 literature coursework, soon became recognized, admired, and respected for of computers essay, his wisdom. Literature Coursework. Because a number of well-placed business leaders and political figures turned to role of computers, him for advice, he delivered his most famous speech “The Atlanta Compromise Address” in 1895. It is an english coursework, explication of in communication his beliefs that his fellow African Americans and other former slaves should make the sat essay, best of what they have and strive to excel in the positions and role of computers essay, jobs they already occupy rather than continually fighting for an essay on school language, something. Furthermore, he argues that the people of the essay, white race also do not see what they have around them. Paper. A moving speech, the role of computers in communication, impact of the “Atlanta Compromise” was so powerful partially because of Washington’s skill as an orator and research paper format quotes, partially because of his strong rhetorical strategies of of computers appeal to pro advertisement, ethos, allegory, and repetition, and style and tone. One of the most memorable quotes from the “Atlanta Compromise” is “cast down your buckets where you are.” In this short allegory about a lost ship without drinking water being found by another ship and of computers, saved by using what was around them, Washington conveys his central idea that African Americans can help themselves and save themselves by using what resources they already have. The lost ship, in thinking that it is surrounded by salty water, does not even attempt to an essay on school, try the essay, water before the second ship suggests the idea. Similarly, Washington implies that simply because they do not think they have anything to work with, the African Americans who were once slaves do not try to research quotes, see what can be done with what they have. The impact of the allegory of the role of computers essay, two ships is strengthened by Washington’s repetition of the phrase “cast down your bucket where you are.” However, in argument repeating it, he applies it to not only the African Americans, but also to essay, “those of the white race.” In that context, he states that the research format, white Americans could look to role essay, the African Americans for pro advertisement essay, help with the “prosperity of the South” instead of of computers essay looking to argument research paper, “those of foreign birth and strange tongue and of computers in communication essay, habits.” Again, he implores both sides to look around and dissertation, make use of what is already present. The idea of the role of computers essay, speech is set up in the introductory paragraph, wherein Washington states that the recognition of the race of the “American Negro” at an essay in sanskrit, the Exposition will do much to “cement the friendship of the two races.” It is in this paragraph and these phrases that Washington turns to the strategy of an role essay, appeal to ethos.

By asserting that the paper, Exposition will help further the friendship between the white Americans and of computers in communication essay, the African Americans, he subtly suggests that this end, this friendship, is research abortion what the organizers of the exposition should want (a moral want). Role Of Computers In Communication Essay. This appeal is utilized again in research paper the final paragraph of the passage. In asking the white Americans to in communication, cast down their buckets, Washington also asks them to remember that the African Americans “have proved [their] loyalty to an essay in sanskrit language, [the white Americans] in the past.” Thus, he seems to be saying it would be immoral for the white Americans to turn away from of computers in communication proved loyalty when they are in search of help and employees. However, the most compelling element of morality Washington’s speech is in communication his tone and style. When reading the passage, one can almost imagine Washington delivering his oration. His tone and style are uplifting, optimistic, and emphatic, much like the tone of a passionate Southern preacher. Othello. His own emotions seem to be invested in role essay every word. Pro Advertisement Essay. With phrases like “it is at in communication essay, the bottom of life that we must begin, and research format quotes, not at role essay, the top,” or “there is as much dignity in tilling a field as in writing a poem,” Washington lends nobility and an essay on school language, a right to pride to the common labor that most African Americans performed at the time.

When he speaks of casting down the bucket “in agriculture, in mechanics, in role commerce, in domestic service, and in the professions,” he assures both the African Americans and morality, the white Americans that hard labor is not something to be looked down on. Neither, he implies, is the struggle to role of computers, rise above your station a condemnable action. To A2. Nevertheless, he always comes back to the point that one must first make use of what is role essay already present and readily available before searching for something else. Essays On Causes And Effects. A wise and powerful man and speaker, Booker T. Role Of Computers In Communication Essay. Washington often knew just what to sat essay portion points, say to convey his ideas and role, opinions. Even more important, he knew how to phrase and argument research paper, present what was important. In “The Atlanta Compromise Address,” Washington successfully utilizes the strategies of appeal to of computers in communication, ethos, repetition, allegory, style, and tone to impart his message of using what one had to sat essay portion, improve oneself.

In simplified terms, “The Atlanta Compromise” is a speech based on carpe diem, the idea of in communication essay seizing what one has and pro advertisement, using it to role of computers, one’s advantage. What do you think? This essay would probably earn a score of 7 or 8; it’s strong, but it isn’t as clear as it could be. It’s obvious from the outset that the student knows about Booker T. Washington and understands the historical context of the speech. On Causes. The fact that both the role, introduction and on causes and effects, the conclusion evince an attempt to go beyond the bare bones is role of computers essay probably what would make the reader lean toward the higher score. However, there are two glaring problems in this essay. Although one of them would probably not affect the argument research paper abortion, score, it is an unnecessary and entirely avoidable error; it has to in communication essay, do with the five-paragraph form. The last sentence of the english coursework, introduction announces a road map for the essay: “strategies of appeal to in communication essay, ethos [sentiment], allegory and repetition, and style and tone.” That’s fine. English Coursework. However, the of computers in communication, student goes on research paper format, to address the three examples in role a different order: First the student addresses allegory and portion points, repetition, then discusses appeal to sentiment, and, finally, gets to style and tone. Luckily, most AP readers would overlook this, but it’s better to role of computers, be safe than sorry—keep your organization consistent.

There is othello essay another problem that readers would probably not overlook. Do you remember the two tasks that we set for our reading? One was to look for rhetorical strategies. The other was to establish a clear point of of computers view. Argument Paper. The student never addresses point of role of computers essay view in sat essay a coherent manner and in role in communication the only mention of it seems to confuse it with tone. Let’s look at another example of an analytical/expository essay, to on school, get more practice. SAMPLE ESSAY #2—GIVING IT ANOTHER TRY. For this one, make sure you try writing the essay on in communication essay, your own by research paper quotes, hand before you read the student essay—you should get as much practice as you can before test day. Set your timer for role of computers in communication essay, 40 minutes and begin.

ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION. Total Time—2 hours. (Suggested time—40 minutes. This question counts as one-third of the total essay score.) In 1676, Madame de Sevigne wrote the letter below. Read it carefully; then write an essay in which you identify the writer’s purpose and research paper, analyze how she uses language to achieve that purpose. Pay particular attention to organization, point of role of computers essay view, and diction. Format Quotes. Write down the role of computers, type of pro advertisement essay you’ll need to write, and describe your “job” in writing this essay. Of Computers In Communication Essay. Next, circle the language, hints in of computers in communication the prompt. There isn’t much to circle, is to a2 literature coursework there? There are only two items: the fact that the writer is a woman (Madame), and role, the historical context of the letter (seventeenth-century France under Louis XIV); if you know that “de” indicates nobility, then you have another clue to the point of argument research paper abortion view—the writer, indeed, belongs to role of computers essay, the privileged nobility.

Here is the letter. Dissertation Deadlines. List at of computers, least two, but no more than four, aspects of language that Madame de Sevigne’s uses to serve her purpose. Sat Essay Portion. By the way, you are not expected to ascertain the “correct” purpose of the role of computers, letter; the essays on causes and effects, limited amount of of computers in communication essay text offered implies various points of on school view. Role Of Computers Essay. Does Madame de Sevigne condemn the ucla dissertation deadlines, crime? Does she feel sorry for of computers in communication, the criminal? The key is to points, point out that, above all else, the role in communication essay, letter’s purpose is to ucla dissertation, relate an event. Beyond that, you would only be conjecturing. Here’s a sample essay by role of computers in communication, the same student who wrote the previous one.

This time there is essay no doubt: The essay falls clearly into the 8 to 9 range. The student addresses the difficult prompt well, follows the essay, road map, provides relevant examples from the morality, text, and supports it all with strong, organized writing. In the of computers essay, 1600s, life was by no means easy for ucla, women. They were expected to cater to any whim their husband might have, and they were treated like property. Whenever a woman outstepped the boundaries society had established for her, and role in communication essay, her crime was serious enough, she was humiliated and an essay on school in sanskrit language, punished publicly. In her 1676 letter, Madame de Sevigne writes of the Brinvilliers affair and incites questions regarding the treatment of women in her time. Society of the essay, seventeenth century, especially the upper echelons of France, was mostly occupied with the scandalous doings of others in argument research paper their class.

Each affair was picked apart, discussed, and in communication, passed from othello morality essay ear to eager ear. Naturally, details tended to be embellished and exaggerated, and each individual’s opinions and emotions wormed their way into the retelling. Role Of Computers In Communication Essay. In her description of the Brinvilliers affair, Madame de Sevigne includes many of her own feelings upon witnessing and hearing of the fiasco. Othello Morality Essay. Watching the role of computers essay, Marquise de Brinvilliers’ be taken from Notre Dame to the scaffold, Sevigne declares that “the sight of [the Marquise] struck [her] with horror.” Expressing her condemnation of the ucla dissertation, criminal, Sevigne writes that “it seems that some say [the Marquise] was a saint,” implying that Sevigne herself does not share in that opinion. Of Computers In Communication. The Marquise’s life story affected Madame de Sevigne in such a way that she shuddered. Further evidence of an essay Sevigne disdain is evident in her hope that the Marquise’s “murderous instincts” will not be inhaled by in communication, the people along with her ashes. Ucla Dissertation Deadlines. Nevertheless, a certain reluctant admiration is evident in Sevigne’s declaration that the of computers essay, Marquise “died as she had lived, resolutely, and without fear or emotion.” Despite the Marquise’s transgressions, one must respect a woman who displayed such strength in pro advertisement essay the face of the of computers, poor treatment they received from men, society, and even other women. Though she has included some personal sentiments and observations, the majority of Sevigne’s letter is dedicated to a fairly objective account of the language, proceedings of the Brinvilliers affair.

She begins by explaining how the of computers in communication, entire affair began—“The Marquis […] poisoned her father, brothers […] one of morality her children,” and role essay, her husband because she believed that “Sainte Croix would marry her if she were free.” Tracked to England by Degrais and sat essay portion, arrested in in communication essay Liege, the Marquise was brought back to France and sentenced. Portion. Her punishment included a public confession, an execution, and role in communication essay, a cremation. Essays On Causes Warming. Sevigne’s narrative continues with details of the role of computers in communication essay, public punishment and sat essay portion points, humiliation of the Marquise. In a matter-of-fact manner, Sevigne relates the unfortunate end that the Marquise de Brinvilliers met with after her crimes against her family. Role Of Computers In Communication. In the essays on causes and effects, most obvious manner, Madame de Sevigne paints the Brinvilliers affair as a shocking event—she simply states that “the Brinvilliers affair is still the only thing talked about in Paris.” The fact that the of computers in communication essay, Marquise’s proper first name is never mentioned lends the air and an essay in sanskrit, quality of an unmentionable scandal to the whole affair. In Communication Essay. One can imagine this straightforward letter being read in a shocked tone of voice, an essays on causes and effects, underlying excitement and eagerness evident in the speaker’s voice due to role of computers in communication essay, the very “deliciously scandalous” nature of the event. Her crime was so abominable that her persecutors even threatened her with torture to procure her confession. Sevigne’s diction, quite candid, underscores the shocking quality of the Brinvilliers affair. Madame de Sevigne effectively portrays society’s treatment of essays of global warming women who have overstepped their limits in of computers in communication the seventeenth century.

Her hinted-at emotions relay Sevigne’s condemning opinion of the Marquise, while simultaneously they convey reluctant admiration. Both her narrative and paper, her diction underline the fact that the Brinvilliers affair was a major scandal. However, overall, one is of computers in communication imparted with the sense that this treatment is ultimately unjust. An Essay On School. Hopefully, you can see that this essay is clear, precise, and of computers in communication, well written. The student carefully grounds the introduction, letter’s content in essay the world of the seventeenth century. The essay analyzes the subtext of format Madame de Sevigne’s words, pointing out essay that even though she does not see the research paper quotes, woman as a saint, she perhaps harbors a secret admiration for role of computers, her bravery under condemnation. Though the third paragraph includes some unnecessary summary, the fourth paragraph astutely analyzes useful details, such as Sevigne’s decision to points, never mention the role, Marquise’s first name, or the fact that Sevigne delights in being “deliciously scandalized.” In the final paragraph, the student reiterates her insights to remind the paper format quotes, graders of essay her strongest points. Is it perfect? No, but keep in mind that you do not have to write the perfect essay to earn a high score. In this chapter, we talked about sat essay points what goes into role of computers essay, writing the analysis essay on the AP English Language and Composition Exam and looked at a couple of very well-written examples.

Keep the method for approaching these essays that we outlined in this chapter in mind when you are doing the sample exams at paper, the end of this book (and, of course, on the real exam). In the in communication, next chapter, we move on to the argumentative essay.

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Beat the Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS): How to Survive Resume Reading Robots. By Resume Genius / September 29, 2014. Here’s an experience you’ve probably had: You write a solid resume for the perfect position at a big-name company, and send it off with an role in communication essay, earnest cover letter. Unfortunately, besides an sat essay, automated email reply, you hear absolutely nothing back. You feel crushed — you think some hiring manager on the other end actually read through the entirety of your resume and concluded that you weren’t qualified for the job.

But here’s the role of computers in communication essay twist — chances are, no human has even laid eyes on your application. The truth? You were probably rejected by resume reading robot called an Applicant Tracking System (ATS). You were probably rejected by on school in sanskrit language resume reading robot called an Applicant Tracking System (ATS). Welcome to the 21st century. Large and even medium sized firms are using ATS to of computers in communication deal with the hundreds, if not thousands of an essay applicants who are applying to of computers in communication the same positions every day. This resume reading software allows these companies to to automate, streamline, and manage the pro advertisement hiring process. Why are companies allowing robots to make human resource decisions?

Going through resumes to role of computers essay screen applicants is tedious work. But the ATS speeds up this process by research abortion identifying candidates whose resumes contain key experiences and skill sets that match the essay qualifications employers are seeking. According to a popular study conducted by search services provider Preptel, as many as 75% of the candidates don’t make it past the ATS screening. It may seem brutal, but this screening process does the an essay on school in sanskrit job of whittling down a cumbersome applicant pool into just a handful of applicants that the human hiring managers can review more closely. Here’s the in communication essay takeaway for living in the age of resume reading robots — a well-crafted, ATS friendly resume is absolutely critical to a successful job hunt.

Here’s the takeaway for living in sat essay points, the age of resume reading robots — a well-crafted, ATS friendly resume is absolutely critical to a successful job hunt. Qualified candidates that fail to make an role of computers in communication, ATS friendly resume will get rejected, period. Here are 4 reasons that even the most qualified candidates can fail to After combing the web and consulting some of ucla dissertation deadlines our in-house experts at Resume Genius, we zero in on the most common reasons why resumes of of computers in communication essay even the most qualified candidates fail to dissertation deadlines pass screening. Reason #1: The ATS can’t actually process your resume. Warning: The ATS will fail to read your artistic additions to your resume . Although a human hiring manager might appreciate a little flair, the resume robot will simply incinerate your resume without a second thought. It would be a shame for your resume to get screen out because the ATS is role of computers in communication, unable to read it.

Basic rule of thumb: keep your fonts and formatting simple. Scrap inventive layouts, graphics, or artifacts that affect the readability of your resume. Sometimes the ATS will use a built-in optical character recognition (OCR) software to processes your digital resume. It scans your file, converts it into introduction english literature, a text format, then extracts your information and experiences from there. While the ATS is getting better at reading PDF files, it’s still safer to feed the role of computers in communication system a Word or Text file. Do away with any adjusted spacing, newsletter formatting, lines. An Essay On School In Sanskrit Language. Go with the clean, standard fonts like Arial, Verdana, and role in communication, Times New Roman. Scrap inventive layouts, graphics, or artifacts that affect the readability of your resume. Reason #2: The ATS doesn’t recognize the headings you used. Applicant Tracking System software is pro advertisement, built to sort your experiences based on the resume’s section headings. Of Computers In Communication. If you’ve written a different heading than normal — say “Major Abilities” instead of “Skills,” it will skip over that section if it is unable to determine what your heading stands for, the CIO reports.

People like to essay get creative with headings, thinking that it will help their resume stand out. Unfortunately, unconventional headings can actually hurt it. Help the software do its job. Use the standard headings “Work Experience”, “Skills”, “Publications” so you don’t stand the risk of the resume bot placing your qualifications under the wrong categories, or misreading your headings altogether. Reason #3: Your resume lacks targeted keywords.

By now, you’ve formatted your resume properly, and used normal headings. Here’s the meat of how an ATS actually reads your resume. Role. It’s looking for portion points targeted keywords. First, the hiring manager will input certain keywords and key phrases into the software, each relevant to role of computers the role they need filled. For example, an software company hiring manager might use these keywords: Next, the ATS software will read through each resume, and determine whether the it has enough keywords and sat essay portion points, key phrases to in communication essay pass through the screening. If the percentage is high enough, your resume will successfully be reviewed by ucla an actual human. Your ability to use the of computers right keywords depends on two things: Do you actually have the relevant skills, abilities, education, and work experiences? If you do have all or some from #1, doing good research and pro advertisement essay, giving your resume a hard look-over will get you through the ATS.

The best place to begin is to read the role hiring manager’s very own job description. From that job description, you can see what keywords and key phrases they emphasize a potential applicant should have. If they include them in the job description, it’s highly likely they’ve also input them into the ATS. The image below contains a real example of a librarian job description, and deadlines, the image next to it reflects what we believe are important keywords a librarian applicant should include on their resumes: Normal Job Description. Job Description with ATS Keywords Highlighted. GREEN HIGHLIGHT: Keywords that are CRITICAL to getting past the ATS. YELLOW HIGHLIGHT: Keywords that will please the human hiring manager, or are ATS keywords of lower importance. The job post gives you good clues about role in communication essay keywords and ucla dissertation deadlines, experiences employers are seeking. It’ll serve you well to read those job descriptions closely, and role of computers in communication, identify important competencies and othello morality, skill sets.

Place emphasis on these matched experiences in your resume. It’s also helpful include both specific and general keywords in role in communication essay, the mix. Argument. ATS uses all of these keywords into certain job functions. For your previous position as “team leader”, include job-specific buzzwords such as “coordinate”, “manage”, but having the general keyword “project coordinator”, “project manager” will help to strengthen your resume. Be sure to try out our ATS-friendly resume building software that comes with over 50,000 professionally-written phrases and job-specific keywords.

Reason #4: Your resume has too many nonspecific keywords. Some have suggested “hacking” the resume bot by submitting two or three-page long resumes that exhaust all keywords that are relevant to the job. That’s not a good idea — even if it did work (it doesn’t), it certainly won’t impress the human hiring manager. you can’t stuff your resume with an exhaustive list of experiences and in communication essay, hope to game the system into thinking you’re a perfect match. According to a report from The Ladders, ATS software ranks your candidacy based on how specifically your resume matches keywords and phrases in a job description. Some software even looks for how uniquely the work experiences you listed match the to a2 english literature job requirements. Here’s the rub — you can’t stuff your resume with an exhaustive list of experiences and hope to game the system into thinking you’re a perfect match. Having off-target keywords can score your resume down on relevancy.

Use the instruction from #3 to research relevant keywords and ensure that your resume is concise and targeted. To the greatest extent possible, your resume should uniquely match the requirements in the job description. To sum it up: the bots are getting better at contextualizing resumes, and recruiters are always aiming to interview candidates whose experiences adhere the most closely to role of computers essay positions they’re seeking to fill. Therefore, having targeted, job-specific keywords throughout your resume is argument research paper abortion, more important than ever. Reason #5: Your resume lacks industry and company jargon or abbreviations. Experts suggest that adopting industry jargon or even including a company’s corporate lingo within your resume is a smart choice. If you think about role in communication essay it, it’s only logical for morality the hiring manager to input industry jargon and abbreviations into in communication essay, an ATS. Therefore, you will need to optimize your resume to include these terms wherever possible. Fortunately, this is essay, very simple to do. Weave relevant jargon and of computers, terminology into your resume, and spell out the abbreviations and acronyms.

DO NOT ever simply include an acronym or abbreviation by itself on a resume. You should always spell them out completely, followed by their abbreviation or acronym. Acronyms with Spelled out Examples. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agent with 10+ years of to a2 literature coursework experience. Optimized and role in communication, purchased Pay Per Click (PPC) ads for a major software company Maintained plant operation’s perfect record of zero Operation Safety Health Administration (OSHA) recordables. If you’re unfamiliar with a certain industry’s lingo, you can research jargon and abbreviations specific to othello essay the field, sector, or industry in which you’re seeking employment. To sum it up: a resume with clean formatting and clear, targeted language gets you through ATS screening.

Once you land that interview, however, it would be advisable to in communication essay have a more descriptive and sat essay points, eye-pleasing version of your resume ready for your human recruiters. Thanks… this really was useful. Thanks for your comment Rasana! Glad we could help! Feel free to ask us any questions. I have found that in order to get your resume even considered, you must really target each position for the relevant key words. Also, do the same for in communication your cover letter or add those that were missed in introduction to a2 coursework, the resume. You are absolutely correct about targeting each position for relevant key words. One of the role in communication best places to pinpoint relevant key words is in the position’s job description. Great comment Jamie! I’ve been reading articles on cracking the ATS for a couple months now, just confounded at what I was doing wrong, or what I could do differently. Pro Advertisement. this article has been more helpful than ALL the role others!

Thanks for that. Bookmarked! Thanks for your comment Pert! Glad that you found our article useful. Good luck on the job hunt! This is an essay on school, very useful information, thanks for of computers in communication sharing. Glad you found it helpful. Be sure to share it with your friends and get the word out. Thanks for the comment. High Quality Candidates: If a company doesn’t care enough about an essay in sanskrit language you and your far superior talents, capabilities and experience that they throw an ATS software program in your way DON’T reward them with an application! ATS software and all similar crap will be avoided by companies IF there’s a large enough movement among the highly qualified and most talented employee pool.

Concentrate on those companies that treat you like a real human and avoid the role of computers in communication essay automated people processors whenever possible! Companies will catch on dissertation to the detrimental nature of in communication this “time and on school in sanskrit, cost saving software” and realize it’s costing them everything! Many already have. Imagine, as with myself, you work in a totally “visual” industry where picture representations of your work tell virtually your whole story! Applying for a graphic design, art director or illustrator job has been rendered orders of magnitude more difficult with the advent of ATS processing! The situation is of computers, about as insane as trying to argument research paper abortion get a singing job with no recordings of your voice being allowed and no chance for a personal audition! Companies with H.R. people who have virtually no expertise in of computers essay, the commercial art field are already at a huge disadvantage in making any kind of qualified decisions regarding such applicants. Add to that a totally intrusive, opaque and sat essay portion points, “dumb” software program placed strategically as a final barrier to role of computers any chance of othello actually communicating your amazing talents and, well, you have the “perfect storm” of employment failure – both for the employer and potential employee.

Agreed. Role Of Computers Essay. However, my line of work is not with the smaller companies that seem to actually read a resume but within the larger corporations and they ALL use ATS! Buzz words (key words) are definitely the secret and introduction to a2 english coursework, one must learn this and use the job description in role in communication essay, the posting and customize the research paper abortion resume accordingly or else be among the roughly 75% that are automatically not reviewed and receive the role essay proverbial computerized canned rejection letter from a “do not reply” to dissertation email address! Definitely, if your are in role in communication, the design and arts profession, ATS is surely the Antichrist! Preach!! I 1000% get what you’re saying!!

I’ve been in the advertising industry for 25 years, 13 years on staff, and the last 12 years as a freelancer. On School. How in the world do you include 12 years of significant freelance work with several different clients on a multitude of different accounts with all kinds of varying calendar timing through an ATS and expect it to spit out anything resembling a solid, successful overall career?? Despite the fact that so many highly qualified candidates are finding the ATS to of computers be their ultimate challenge in the job search, the “sheeple” continue to just follow the guidelines to gaming the sat essay portion system via keyword dumping rather than avoiding companies who rely on filtering human beings through their ATS. Of Computers Essay. Unfortunately for deadlines the likes of you and me, we don’t really have the in communication essay luxury to NOT play along at least a little bit or get utterly left behind, but I agree completely that if more people just stop playing along, companies will finally get exactly what you said: it’s costing them everything! That’s easy to say if you have a job. But if you are unemployed, you have little choice. This software should be outlawed. Research. No wonder the nitwits in HR claim they ‘can’t find qualified people’, their ATS screened them out beforehand. Woww. Having the role essay right information at the tip of your finger can actually ease the endless pain of sat essay portion points job seeking and resume submission without consideration. Role Of Computers. Thanks, your article is encompassing and indeed rich.

Keep it up. Glad we could help! Thanks for an essay on school in sanskrit language you comment. While I found this article very helpful as a job seeker, it is a sad commentary on the state of corporate hiring today. Of Computers Essay. We are being dehumanized and reduced to automatons in the new world order system. This article is so very.

useful. On School Language. It really helped me a lot to understand what I was doing wrong. Just few. questions: 1) do you advise to mold my resume to of computers in communication essay match every single job I am. applying to? 2) In situations where one does not possess all of the required. skills of a job posting, but one knows it will not take long to acquire them; how.

do you suggest one should handle such situation? Ignore the job post, and move. to the research paper next one? Any advice is greatly appreciated. Yes, your resume should always be tailored to the specific job post. As far as skills go, check out this page for more advice: Thanks for you comment. Dude seriously?? and in communication essay, here I thought even after knowing whatever was the demand of our beloved employer I wasn’t getting hired because I had no skill. On top of that I didn’t even know ATS existed, I always thought living human beings reject me :p. Bravo…. and lamentation. Morality Essay. In these days of big data, it’s laughable that job matching is still such an outrageously resource wasting game of hide and seek.

Resumes and job postings are still crafted as for a single pieces of paper formatted to role communicate all pertinent information in the 10 or so seconds of an essay on school language attention that conventional wisdom says they may receive. While an ATS attempts to tweak that Cretaceous period bottleneck, clearly there’s something missing. I’m considering starting a company that would provide the in communication mirror analog of an ATS to job seekers for free, with the ultimate goal of steering development of the cooperative, common have/need data platform that would evolve once the inevitable war between the two systems runs its course (I’d rather just skip to the common platform, but sometimes you’ve got to kick the mule). On School. Who’s with me? How should I handle the resume I post on job boards (e.g. Of Computers In Communication. Monster, Dice)? That resume can’t be tailored to a specific job description. Morality. Should I use keywords common to many of the of computers in communication job descriptions for my target position? And then use a customized resume when I apply for a specific job? BINGO!

Sounds like you know what you’re doing. Ucla. Best of luck! Thanks for your help and for the great article. Cheers! Thanks for the comment! You bring up a good point — it’s important to create a resume that both gets through the role in communication ATS and appeals to hiring managers once it lands in their hands. Share Beat the Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS): How to Survive Resume Reading Robots

Our code geeks and essay, HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. Of Computers. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to morality the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to Improve Your Resume.

Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is of computers essay, a couple yards short of a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. Points. See why. How to Modify and role, Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your.

Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. 5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful. Every office is bound to have that one person that abuses the call-out policy. These people go above and. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on othello morality essay some of the world's leading online and offline publications including:

Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in role of computers, today's competitive job market. HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to an essay on school language choose from, and easily export to MS Word and role in communication, PDF.

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6 Things Attorneys and in communication essay, Law Students Need to Remove from portion, Their Resumes ASAP If They Want to Get Jobs with the Most Prestigious Law Firms. At the highest levels, legal recruiters put an incredible amount of thought into how you are perceived. You can drastically increase your odds of getting hired by removing various items from your resume. If this is all too much for you … then just have your legal resume professionally done. In Communication Essay. See Attorney Resume. If you submit your resume here, I will review it and give you some feedback. Overview.

With a resume, you are applying to be a firm#39;s employee and go to ucla, work for them. Your resume is essentially an application. Everyone in the legal community knows what going to Stanford Law School and being a second-year associate at Mayer Brown means. Everyone in the legal community knows what going to role in communication essay, University of Chicago and spending eight years at Kirkland Ellis means. If you are in law school and portion, looking for your first job, everyone knows what going to Duke for college and being in the top half of your class at role of computers essay Columbia Law School means. While I hate to be so generic, this is really (for the most part), the most important information for large law firms hiring laterally or hiring people out of law school. Everything else on your resume presents a giant opportunity for you to mess up. The most important thing most big firm attorneys can do is strip down (and not puff up) their resumes . The more crap that is on there, the to a2 english coursework more reasons people can find not to of computers in communication, hire you. If you take one thing from this article, you need to on school in sanskrit, understand that. Most large law firms do not like people who try to stick out. In their experience, these people can be problems: they will leave if they do not get lots of praise, may turn on the firm and undermine morale, are likely to seek unnecessary attention from in communication essay, clients (and may even try and introduction to a2 english, steal them), and are most likely to leave if something better comes along.

Being in a large law firm requires a lot of selflessness: You need to let partners, senior associates and others take credit for your hard work. You need to put in time before large rewards come. You need to role of computers, be working for the team and the group and argument, not just your own self-interests. You need to be motivated to work hard even when there is no immediate benefit. You need to stay with the law firm when things are bad and not leave at the first signs of trouble. If your resume gives any indication to law firms that you are anything other than a soldier, you are going to look like an in communication asshole and will have a difficult time getting hired. It is not about you.

It is never about you. An Essay On School. It is about the of computers in communication essay employer. 1. Too Many Personal Details. Avid hunter and outdoorsman. Depending on where you are located, a number of the people you are interviewing in are not going to be too impressed with the fact that you enjoy killing animals in dissertation your spare time. This is not a good idea. While this may work in certain states more than others, it is simply not smart to have on there. If you piss off just one interviewer, this will harm you. Member of the First Baptist Church. Nothing wrong with being part of role of computers in communication, a church.

However, if you are interviewing with a law firm in a large city, the odds are pretty good you will be interviewing with gays, Jews and othello, people of various religions and backgrounds. Of Computers In Communication Essay. Broadcasting that you are part of a particular religion is not a good idea. Member of the gay law students association. There is nothing wrong with being gay (and proud of it!) but you need to understand that many people in law firms may have very conservative views about sat essay portion sexual orientation. There are plenty of gay attorneys in most law firms in big cities, but they got their jobs without advertising this on their resumes. There are people in every law firm that have prejudices against gays.

Why would you put this on your resume? Member of the Black Law Students Association. Sadly, many law schools and of computers in communication, recruiters urge people to put their race on their resumes so they will be more likely to an essay language, be hired. Their thinking is that broadcasting your race will make law firms more likely to hire you. What if the firm has recently been sued for racial discrimination? What if the firm has hired a series of non-performers who were of a particular race? Your objective is to role of computers in communication, get a job. My experience has shown: If I send out two equally qualified attorneys who are black (same practice area, caliber of othello, law schools and law firms), and one has a bunch of stuff about their race on of computers in communication, their resume and the other does not, the person without the racial information is more likely to introduction to a2 literature coursework, get interviewed and hired. Of Computers Essay. Discrimination?

Maybe. Or, it could just be that the law firm does not like the person playing the race card to ucla dissertation deadlines, try and get a leg up on role of computers essay, the competition. An Essay. Alternatively, interviewers want to feel the person got hired on in communication essay, their merits and not because the resume advertised their race. Member of the Muslim Law Students Association. Same logic as above. Why put something on your resume that is going to ucla dissertation, possibly alienate others? After September 11th, I remember several people with this on their resumes that were blackballed in essay the entire city of New York and could not get jobs despite incredible qualifications. Obviously, there was discrimination going on there, but it would be insane to othello morality, leave this on your resume. Member of the Jewish Law Students Association. Anything that can alienate others should be removed from your resume.

Missionary for two years (LDS) in Brazil. Role Of Computers In Communication. Do Mormons approve of gays? Weren#39;t blacks barred until the 1970s from research paper abortion, holding the Mormon priesthood? You get the idea. Why risk alienating others? Married mother of of computers in communication essay, three. To A2 Literature. Married?

You are gorgeous but not that qualified. I#39;m moving on. I spend my life in this office and am looking for a potential mate to be my associate! Never a good idea to role, put this on deadlines, your resume. Don#39;t kill the messenger here (this is just how many attorneys think). Role Of Computers In Communication. Three kids? Does that mean you are going to be jumping up during meetings to take phone calls from your kids? Does that mean that that you are going to miss work when they get sick? What if you cannot find childcare?

Creative email address. While I have taken a bit of liberty here, I#39;ve seen some emails like this in the recent past: [email protected], [email protected], [email protected] . I#39;m not kidding. These are more common than you think. If you were a billion dollar corporation hiring an attorney (or a law firm that hired attorneys to work on matters for large corporations like this), would you want someone with an email address like this? Leave this stuff off of your resume. No one wants to see it. Make sure your personal email address is professional. Your work email address. This is very common.

Really? You want us to an essay in sanskrit language, communicate with you at your work email address? What this says is pretty simple: c. I must not respect my employer very much. d. I must not be very loyal. e. Of Computers In Communication. I must not care what my employer thinks of me. On School In Sanskrit. f. I do not care if my employer learns I am looking for a job on their time. g. Maybe I was fired and my employer knows I am looking which is in communication essay, why I don#39;t care (hey, I#39;m bad at my job anyway!) h. I will do the same to you if you hire me! An email address like,,,, You went to a prestigious college or law school! Good for you!

What have you done since then? Do you think you need to advertise what a great school you went to? I went to Ohio State you arrogant asshole! Get a Gmail or similar personal email address. There are people everywhere that use their law schools or colleges as a badge of superiority, and it pisses a lot of people off who do not have the same credentials. Many people in large law firms grew up poor and worked very hard to get into prestigious state schools that their parents could afford and then worked very hard once they were in college. Princeton? Are you kidding? 2. Irrelevant Work Experience and Education. Left a law firm and started a business (with a description of the business). Deadlines. You started a business and failed?

Sorry, our law firm does not hire people who fail. What#39;s wrong? You did not like practicing law? You think you are better than us? People leave law firms all the time to start businesses and essay, want to come back. It is rare that large law firms will ever welcome these attorneys. Large law firms are sort of like medieval guilds from portion points, which you can never return once you leave. Role In Communication Essay. The biggest issue with leaving a large law firm is that, in almost 100% of the cases, the person who leaves to start his own business will do so again and paper, be plotting their escape from the essay second they step back in the door. In addition, these people are a threat to partners because they could steal their business. These attorneys are rarely hired. This telegraphs a lack of introduction english literature, deferring your wants to role of computers in communication essay, a group as well as other issues.

HOW TO TELL IF YOU ARE MORE OF AN ENTREPRENEUR THAN AN ATTORNEY: I know a guy that makes over $500,000 a year (in cash) washing windows in a suburb outside of Detroit. He has been doing this for decades. He has two pickup trucks and about $1,000 in equipment (4 or 5 ladders, some rags, squeegees and buckets). He hires people for $10 an in sanskrit hour to go to role in communication, homes to clean windows during the spring and points, fall. He works about six months a year.

Would you rather do this or work as an attorney for $180,000 a year? Personally, I would rather be an attorney due to the sense of a higher purpose, working with talented people and role of computers, other reasons. Argument Paper Abortion. Many people would rather run the window washing business. If this is you, you are far more of an entrepreneur than an attorney. In Communication Essay. Took business courses while at sat essay points a law firm and got a certificate.

Wait a minute. You took a six-week course in financial accounting while working full time as a litigation associate at Jones Day? Are you serious? I have seen intellectual property attorneys list real estate courses they took at New York University Law School and corporate attorneys list courses they took in How to be an entrepreneur. Anything that shows a lack of commitment to being an attorney should not be on there.

If you are a tax attorney that took a bunch of classes in tax law, that should be on of computers essay, your resume. Sat Essay Portion. Just do not put anything on there that is in communication, likely to detract from showing your commitment to being an attorney. Too much emphasis on what you did as an undergraduate. Othello. You were in a fraternity? You must be the type of person who made it difficult for me to sleep when you were partying all night while I was trying to get good grades in role of computers college. If you played a varsity sport in college, or were president of some non-polarizing student organization (think CHESS CLUB and not REPUBLICANS AGAINST ABORTION) then it is fine to sat essay portion, have this on your resume. In general, though, no one cares about: Your race Your religion Your pro-feminist leanings Your socialist leanings Your political affiliation Your sexual orientation. Why on role essay, earth would you put any club, organization or other information on portion, your resume that would force an interviewer to choose sides? Wars, protests and killings occur due to peoples#39; passion for role of computers in communication essay one religion, political affiliation and other organizations. Argument Paper Abortion. Leave this off your resume.

Jobs prior to of computers in communication, law school that are irrelevant or do not help to show you in a good light. If you worked for three years at pro advertisement essay a top American accounting firm, law firm, or investment bank prior to law school, this is good. It shows your commitment to being part of the labor force and working hard. If you worked as a waiter, nanny, or some other less-than-serious job, this is unlikely to impress employers. If you were in role of computers the military, a policeman, fireman, or did something else that society values, then that position is fine to leave on your resume. You just do not want anything on pro advertisement, there that shows you are not a high performer. Bar in a different state despite the fact that you have only ever worked in one state.

Many attorneys take the bar exam in in communication essay the state they are from and where they are working. Someone from California working in essay New York may take the California Bar Exam in essay addition to the New York Bar Exam. Someone in introduction to a2 Chicago may take the bar exam in role of computers in communication essay Florida. This does not help you. Having a bar in a different jurisdiction (unless this is where you are applying) simply shows that you are interested in working somewhere else and probably will at some point. Anything that does not show your 100% commitment to the location where you are working is suspect and can disqualify you from jobs. Take this off your resume. Parenting time between jobs. Women sometimes take years off between jobs.

In the dissertation deadlines experience of 95% of legal employers, if a woman takes more than a year off, she is of computers, (1) unlikely to come back to the workforce for long, or (2) is likely to jump around to othello, jobs seeking less and less accountability when she does come back. Law firms want people who are 100% committed and willing to work hard. If you took off more than a few months after having children, law firms will assume that you were not 100% committed to your firm and its clients. Role Of Computers In Communication. Your class rank and grade point average (unless it is extraordinary) . Many attorneys are proud to have graduated in language the top half of their class or earned a 3.0 grade point average. The problem with doing something like this is that it draws attention to the fact that you were nowhere near the best. Why on earth would a large law firm hire you if you are not the best?

RULES FOR WHEN TO LIST CLASS RANK AND GRADE POINT AVERAGE ON RESUME. Top 10 law school: If you were in the top 20% this is fine. I still do not recommend this, though. If you were in the top 10%, I recommend this. Top 11-25 law school: Top 10% and above is OK.

I recommend this, though, in the top 5% only. Second-tier law school: Top 5%. Third-tier law school: Top 5%. Fourth-tier: Only list if you were #1 through #5 in your class. Role Of Computers. Skills that everyone should have as an attorney. You are being paid to dissertation, analyze complex legal matters as an attorney. Putting on your resume that you understand Westlaw and Lexis, or are proficient in Microsoft Word is insane. I see this every day, however.

Please get this off your resume. You make yourself look really stupid when you list this on your resume. If you are a person with a high school education applying to role, work in a records room, this is fine. It does not belong on the resume of an attorney seeking a position in a major US law firm, however. Grades in law school classes (or worse yet, college classes). An Essay On School Language. This is something I see all the time too. No one cares. If you take the time to talk about your best grades, people will assume that the rest of them were not that good. Leave this off. It makes you look like you are not big firm material. Classes you took in law school.

No one cares about this either. If you list this, you look weak as well. Essay. The fact that you took corporations in in sanskrit language law school does not qualify you to be a corporate attorney . Your mind, ability to think, motivation and a bunch of other factors are more relevant to role of computers in communication, this than anything else. Titles of papers and theses that you wrote in college or law school that show anything other than your commitment to practicing law. For whatever reason, people continually put this stuff on their resume, and it is not helpful. If you are a patent attorney and wrote about something science-related that#39;s great; however, for the most part, looking like an intellectual is not the smartest thing you can do. With the exception of appellate attorneys, most attorneys are not that intellectual and are expected to reach conclusions in a direct way without massive analysis.

I have seen attorneys list topics like: Why Corporations are Cheating Americans Out of deadlines, a Middle Class Life An Analysis of Female Genital Mutilation Ceremonies in the African Subcontinent Why Gays and Lesbians Need Separate Proms: A Case for Separate But Equal in Public Education Why Black Reparations Should be Priority #1 of the Obama Administration Plato v. Socrates and the Foundations of Western Empiricism An attorney sitting in a small office in a high rise who has been working 50 hours a week for in communication decades for demanding clients in an ultra-competitive environment has no time for that nonsense. If you are sitting around writing that sort of stuff while he is proofreading a 200-page stock prospectus for the eighth time at 2:00 a.m. on Sunday morning, you are not going to identify with him. He also does not have much time for people with these sorts of interests. In addition, why are you interested in pro advertisement essay this crap anyway? A ridiculous regurgitation of stuff everyone in your position does. There are certain things every litigator does (respond to discovery, conduct legal research, write memos, draft motions, draft discovery and review documents). Putting this on your resume makes you look like a moron. Role Essay. Get it off there!

If you drafted an appeal to the US Supreme Court, or did a trial you can put this on there. Other than that, everyone knows what Litigation Associate at Morrison Foerster means. Argument Paper. If you have specific experience (environmental law, intellectual property litigation and other subject matter expertise), then it is useful to in communication essay, leave this information on your resume. It is just not a good idea to have mundane tasks on your resume that everyone who has this position does. This is morality essay, no different than a waiter writing Waited on tables on their resume. Use of colors and of computers essay, fancy/unusual fonts. For some people, their resume becomes an art project. For attorneys and law students applying to large law firms, their experience speaks for itself.

If you draw attention to argument paper, yourself with crazy fonts and colors, you are just going to look weird. It would be no different than wearing a pink suit to a funeral when everyone else is wearing black. You are applying to work in a giant law firm and role of computers essay, be part of paper, a group of role, people who are (1) conforming, (2) working together and (3) basically pretty dry. Paper. If your resume looks too different or strange, people are going to assume you are strange. You do not want to look strange. Role. Your objective is to argument paper, get a job. Listing words for HR software on the top of the resume.

Someone out there is telling attorneys to do this. I have literally seen resumes with words like this at of computers essay the top right under the person#39;s name: attorney, lawyer, counselor, litigation, law firm attorney, Westlaw, Lexis, AV Rated. Morality Essay. Huh. If you are the one doing this to legal resumes, PLEASE STOP! You are doing incredible amounts of damage to good people. In Communication Essay. Putting your objective on essay, the resume. This one confuses me so much. Role Essay. Let me make something clear: Most law firms where the average partner makes over $1 million a year ASSUME that everyone wants to work there. You do not need to essay, put something like some of the statements I have seen on your resume:

Objective: To get a job with a major US law firm. Objective: To work at an international law firm with a strong patent practice. Of Computers Essay. Objective: To find a law firm that affords me the opportunity to have work-life balance while working on sophisticated matters. Shut up! No one cares what your objective is. In addition, if your objective is to simply work at a huge law firm then why us?

Your resume should get you in the door and then allow you to make your case. No giant law firm is othello morality essay, going to hire you with this crap on role of computers in communication, your resume. Portion. If you are applying for a high-paying and demanding job with a giant law firm, that is your objective. Do not waste space on your resume with this. Putting References Available upon Request on the resume. Of Computers Essay. Are you kidding? If you are interviewing for a $250,000 a year job (or one with the potential to pay that much in a few years), you better believe you will need references. Pro Advertisement Essay. The law firm is likely to review all of your social media profiles, run a light background check and find out what they can about you before ever hiring you (and some cases even before bringing you in the door for an interview). You better believe you will need references. Do not waste any law firm#39;s time putting this on role of computers in communication essay, your resume.

In addition, it sounds pretty presumptuous. Putting a summary of yourself on your resume. Here are some that come to on school in sanskrit language, mind I#39;ve seen recently: Ivy league-educated corporate attorney currently practicing at the law firm ranked as the 32nd largest in of computers in communication essay the world. Fearsome, aggressive and tenacious litigator able to morality essay, bond easily with clients and opposing counsel. (This was a first-year attorney.) Great! Again, no one cares.

Is that how you see yourself: Ivy league-educated? Most of our attorneys went to the University of Minnesota. Role In Communication. You sound like a pompous asshole! Our law firm is not even in the top 200 largest law firms. Is that all that matters to ucla deadlines, you? Why are you applying here? Patent Attorneys. You should put together a list of patents you have written or assisted with. Role Of Computers In Communication. You should always have this second page attached. Long, professional scientific resumes (a second resume) are also sometimes requested by deadlines law firms. Corporate and Real Estate Attorneys.

Deals and in communication essay, transactions you have worked on pro advertisement essay, (with names of in communication essay, clients omitted). You can send this regardless of whether it is asked for (and should). Litigators. Many law firms will ask for introduction english coursework writing samples. Copies of briefs you have signed that you are proud of essay, are fine to send (when asked).

Cooking Animals Reading historical Judaic literature Spending time with your family Volunteering at church Horseback riding Polo Golf If you have benign interests like cooking, this is research paper abortion, not going to of computers essay, impress most law firms. English Literature Coursework. In general, I recommend leaving your interests off. You should generally only have interests on your resume that are relevant to the job. Otherwise, leave them off. Using giant words that not everyone knows. Attorneys are paid to of computers, communicate clearly and concisely. Essay. Judges, corporations and others that they are dealing with are not interested in hearing words that draw attention to the attorney and of computers in communication, away from an essay in sanskrit language, whatever the issue is. Your resume should not use large words that draw attention to your vocabulary. Role. No one cares. You are being hired to serve others and communicate clearly and concisely. Using adjectives to essay, describe yourself.

Attorneys like to call themselves things like detail-oriented and hard workers, for example. You need to keep in mind that when you are applying for jobs where the role in communication upper income bracket could be over an essay $1 million, and you have an outside shot at this, any positive adjective you could possibly use (outside the of computers box thinker… blah, blah, blah …) is already assumed. You are competing with the best. Do you think a professional boxer would have a resume that describes him as aggressive, motivated and hard hitting? If someone is getting in the ring and getting beat up and beating others up, this is assumed.

Don#39;t weaken your profile with the dissertation use of a bunch of adjectives. Too many words. Many attorneys love to in communication, write and talk. No one wants to read a long diatribe of portion points, a resume that goes into unnecessary detail about you in a ton of words. Of Computers. If you have to say a lot, many attorneys will assume that something is pro advertisement essay, wrong with you. Of Computers In Communication Essay. You need to communicate in your resume with brevity and make it easy for people to read and understand.

You also do not want to use a lot of words in introduction your resume when you could say the same thing in fewer words. Of Computers Essay. Saying less is saying more because it shows (1) you can edit your work down and on school in sanskrit language, (2) you have enough confidence in yourself to not overdo it. Including testimonials in role of computers essay the body of your resume. Quotes from superiors and others should not go in your resume. Quotes from reviews often go in othello morality peoples#39; resumes as well. Role In Communication. Not a good idea. This makes you look desperate for research attention. Role Of Computers Essay. The most confident attorneys have strength that comes from ucla dissertation, within and are not dependent on others for their validation.

Using words the wrong way (or misspelling them). Role Of Computers In Communication. Your resume is research paper, no different than a legal brief, a corporate document, or a patent. A mistake in it could be very serious and in communication, literally cost you interviews and on school, jobs. Understanding the difference between various meanings of similar-sounding words is also a huge issue that can cost you jobs. Here are some of the biggest screw-ups I see that have hurt attorneys (that are never caught by role of computers spell-checkers and make you look dumb): Learn the difference between Principal and Principle Learn the an essay on school language difference between Discreet and Discrete Learn the difference between Precede and role of computers in communication, Proceed Learn the to a2 english difference between Insure and Ensure Learn the of computers difference between Adverse and Averse Learn the difference between Eager and Anxious Learn the difference between Affect and Effect Learn the difference between Criteria and ucla deadlines, Criterion Spelling errors. Even more serious are spelling errors. If you have spelling errors, the odds are pretty good you will not be hired.

Just because you run a spell check does not mean you will catch every spelling error. Omitting exact dates. You need the month and year, not just the role in communication year. Introduction. Attorneys who were at role a job a few months, or lost a job for one reason or another, like to put in years for employment dates rather than months and the year. Attorney interviewers are smart and will generally ZOOM IN on this information and essay, find out why the attorney did this. Role Of Computers. They will always assume the pro advertisement essay worst ! If you worked at some place for a short time, that is of computers in communication essay, fine.

You do not need to cover it up. Trying to hide something makes you look weak and sneaky and could cost you a job. Inappropriate dates. On a weekly basis, I see the following: Attorneys with dates on deadlines, their resumes indicating they started as an associate at a major law firm a decade before they even graduated from law school. Attorneys who have the same date for two different jobs. Attorneys where the dates indicate they graduated from law school before college.

You get the role in communication idea. Pro Advertisement. This needs to stop! Attorneys with large law firms are paid to look for errors and root them out. You need to have at least three or four people review your resume carefully for things you may have missed. Your resume is an extremely important document, and one typo can doom you!

5. Lying or Exaggerating on Your Resume. If you lie about your hours billed at your previous firm, you will generally not be fired because your former employer will not cooperate with another firm in disclosing this information. However, you will not be trusted, and this will do long-term damage to your career. If you are caught lying (severely) about how much business you have as a partner, you will generally lose your job and have a difficult time in in communication essay the legal community thereafter. Introduction English. If you lie about why you left your existing position, you will in role of computers almost all likelihood not lose your job, and your reputation will not suffer too much. In some cases, though, the firm may go ballistic. If a firm learns you were fired while they are interviewing you, they will generally not hire you. Ucla. Attorneys should never lie on their resume and doing so is very dangerous. You need to have the trust and the respect of the role of computers in communication essay people you are working with. 6. Saying Anything Negative About Any Former Employer.

When I was growing up, my mother decided to retire from her government job. Sat Essay Points. She had worked for essay the government for an essay over two decades and of computers, started applying for various jobs. She figured that it would not be too long before she found a new position, and she was bored working in a drab, government office with a bunch of unenthusiastic employees. She took a course on resume construction. She hired an expert to advise her on her resume.

She began spending hours in the living room perfecting her resume each night (I am getting old and am sorry to report she did this on a typewriter, as we did not yet have a computer). The completed resume was several pages long and had all sorts of action verbs and other aspects to it that described her limited experience in one organization in incredible terms. The completed resume contained: Tons of bullets, large words, massive amounts of formatting, things she had done decades ago, and, all sorts of irrelevant information. On School In Sanskrit Language. Her resume could easily have been one page. It did not need to have all this detail. It would take a person an hour to go through it and fully understand it.

What do you think are the most important things attorneys and law students should include in their resumes to get top law firm jobs? Why are law firms so particular about what they expect in attorney and role of computers in communication essay, law student resumes? CURIOUS ABOUT COVER LETTERS? See the argument research following for essay more information about ucla deadlines attorney cover letters: Interested in Learning More About Attorney Resumes? See more articles from BCG Attorney Search here: AGREE/DISAGREE? SHARE COMMENTS ANONYMOUSLY! We Want to Hear Your Thoughts! Tell Us What You Think!! Download Article as PDF Email a Colleague Printable Version. Share of Facebook Share of Twitter.

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Corporate Social Responsibility: Strategic Implications. School of Industrial and role of computers essay, Labor Relations, Cornell University Search for essay more papers by this author. Donald S. Siegel, Department of Economics, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 3506 Russell Sage Laboratory, 110, 8th Street, Troy, NY 12180-3590, USA ([email protected]). abstract We describe a variety of perspectives on corporate social responsibility (CSR), which we use to develop a framework for consideration of the strategic implications of CSR. Based on this framework, we propose an essay agenda for additional theoretical and ucla, empirical research on CSR. We then review the papers in this special issue and relate them to the proposed agenda. In recent years, scholars and managers have devoted greater attention to the strategic implications of corporate social responsibility (CSR).

Consistent with McWilliams and Siegel (2001), we define CSR as situations where the role of computers in communication firm goes beyond compliance and engages in actions that appear to further some social good, beyond the interests of the firm and that which is argument paper abortion required by law’. However, this is just one interpretation of CSR. Numerous definitions of CSR have been proposed and often no clear definition is given, making theoretical development and measurement difficult. CSR activities have been posited to include incorporating social characteristics or features into products and of computers in communication essay, manufacturing processes (e.g. aerosol products with no fluorocarbons or using environmentally-friendly technologies), adopting progressive human resource management practices (e.g. promoting employee empowerment), achieving higher levels of environmental performance through recycling and pollution abatement (e.g. On School? adopting an aggressive stance towards reducing emissions), and advancing the goals of role of computers community organizations (e.g. working closely with groups such as United Way). Ucla Deadlines? [1] Researchers are moving beyond just defining and identifying CSR activities, to examine the strategic role of CSR in organizations. Similarly, there is growing interest among managers in the antecedents and consequences of CSR, especially for executives at multi-national, multi-divisional companies. These corporate leaders are mindful of the fact that business norms and standards, regulatory frameworks, and stakeholder demand for CSR can vary substantially across nations, regions, and lines of business. They are also aware that their divisional managers are under constant pressure from employees, suppliers, community groups, NGOs, and government to increase their involvement in CSR. Unfortunately for both academicians and practitioners, the analysis of CSR is of computers still embryonic, and thus theoretical frameworks, measurement, and empirical methods have not yet been resolved.

Furthermore, this topic cannot be analysed through the lens of ucla dissertation a single disciplinary perspective. Thus, it appears that CSR is fertile ground for theory development and empirical analysis such as takes place in the Journal of Management Studies . The purpose of this special issue is to further the CSR research agenda by bringing together multiple perspectives. After issuing an in communication essay open call for papers on the Academy of Management website and other venues, we received 32 manuscripts. We reviewed these papers and selected several for presentation at a Special Issue Workshop at essay the University of Illinois at Chicago. [2] Among the authors and role in communication essay, discussants at the workshop were scholars from several academic disciplines (management, political science, accounting, marketing, and economics), many international contributors, and a high proportion of junior scholars. The papers presented at the workshop were critiqued by reviewers and paper abortion, participants and role of computers in communication, then reviewed again after the workshop. On School Language? From these revised manuscripts, we selected the five best for publication in the special issue. Several themes emerged from these studies: the relation between CSR and role of computers in communication essay, competitive advantage, the role of differences in institutional environments in framing stakeholder expectations regarding the propensity of firms to engage in CSR, a comparison of the social desirability of the strategic use of CSR versus coerced’ CSR, the role of economic, philosophical, and global corporate citizenship perspectives on CSR, and argument research paper, the evolution and influence of the academic literature on of computers, CSR. The remainder of this paper is organized as follows. In the next section, we discuss a variety of theories that shed light on the strategic implications of CSR.

Following that, we outline an agenda for theoretical and empirical research on the strategic implications of dissertation deadlines CSR. We conclude with a brief review of each study in the special issue and its importance to role of computers essay, our proposed research agenda. Numerous theories have been brought to sat essay portion, bear on the subject of CSR. We summarize selected articles on theoretical perspectives in of computers in communication Table I. Theodore Levitt could be credited with setting the agenda for othello essay the debate about the essay social responsibility of business in his Harvard Business Review article The Dangers of deadlines Social Responsibility’, in which he cautions that government's job is not business, and business's job is not government’ (1958, p. 47). Milton Friedman (1970) expressed the same sentiment and added that the mere existence of CSR was a signal of an agency problem within the firm. An agency theory perspective implies that CSR is a misuse of corporate resources that would be better spent on valued-added internal projects or returned to shareholders. It also suggests that CSR is an executive perk, in the sense that managers use CSR to advance their careers or other personal agendas. R. Role Of Computers In Communication? Edward Freeman (1984), building on Chester Barnard's (1938) inducement-contribution’ framework, presented a more positive view of managers’ support of CSR. Freeman's stakeholder theory asserts that managers must satisfy a variety of constituents (e.g. workers, customers, suppliers, local community organizations) who can influence firm outcomes. According to this view, it is not sufficient for managers to focus exclusively on the needs of stockholders, or the owners of the corporation. Stakeholder theory implies that it can be beneficial for the firm to engage in certain CSR activities that non-financial stakeholders perceive to be important, because, absent this, these groups might withdraw their support for the firm.

Stakeholder theory was expanded by Donaldson and Preston (1995) who stressed the moral and ethical dimensions of CSR, as well as the business case for othello essay engaging in such activity. Another perspective, stewardship theory (Donaldson and Davis, 1991) is based on the idea that there is a moral imperative for role of computers in communication essay managers to do the right thing’, without regard to how such decisions affect firm financial performance. Institutional theory and classical economic theory have also been applied to CSR in a paper by Jones (1995). An Essay On School In Sanskrit? The author concludes that companies involved in repeated transactions with stakeholders on the basis of trust and role, cooperation are motivated to be honest, trustworthy, and ethical because the returns to such behaviour are high. Institutional approaches have also been used to othello morality, analyse environmental social responsibility. More specifically, Jennings and in communication essay, Zandbergen (1995) analyse the role of institutions in shaping the on school language consensus within a firm regarding the establishment of an in communication ecologically sustainable’ organization. Othello Morality Essay? Finally, a recent paper by Waldman et al. Role In Communication? (2004) applies strategic leadership theory to introduction to a2 english coursework, CSR. These authors conjecture that certain aspects of transformational leadership will be positively correlated with the propensity of firms to engage in CSR and that these leaders will employ CSR activities strategically.

To the extent that firms engage in CSR strategically, this behaviour can be examined through the of computers lens of the resource-based-view-of-the-firm (RBV). RBV, as introduced by Wernerfelt (1984) and refined by Barney (1991), borrows heavily from earlier research by Penrose (1959). [3] This theory presumes that firms are bundles of heterogeneous resources and capabilities that are imperfectly mobile across firms. Barney (1991) maintains that if these resources and sat essay, capabilities are valuable, rare, inimitable and non-substitutable, they can constitute a source of sustainable competitive advantage. The first theoretical paper to apply the RBV framework to corporate social responsibility was Hart (1995), who focused exclusively on environmental social responsibility. Hart asserted that, for certain types of firms, environmental social responsibility can constitute a resource or capability that leads to a sustained competitive advantage.

Russo and of computers in communication, Fouts (1997) tested this theory empirically using firm-level data on environmental and accounting profitability and found that firms with higher levels of environmental performance had superior financial performance, which they interpreted to be consistent with the RBV theory. Using the RBV framework, a more formal theory-of-the-firm model of profit-maximizing’ CSR was posited in McWilliams and literature coursework, Siegel (2001). These authors outlined a simple model in which two companies produce identical products, except that one firm adds an additional social’ attribute or feature to the product, which is valued by some consumers or, potentially, by other stakeholders. In this model, managers conduct a cost/benefit analysis to determine the role in communication level of resources to devote to CSR activities/attributes. That is, they assess the demand for CSR and also evaluate the cost of to a2 english satisfying this demand. The theory of the firm perspective on CSR has several strategic implications. The first is that CSR can be an integral element of a firm's business and corporate-level differentiation strategies. Therefore, it should be considered as a form of strategic investment. Even when it is not directly tied to a product feature or production process, CSR can be viewed as a form of reputation building or maintenance. A second strategic implication of role of computers essay a theory of the an essay on school in sanskrit language firm perspective is that one can apply the RBV logic to CSR, in the sense that it is role in communication essay possible to generate a set of predictions regarding patterns of portion points investment in CSR across firms and industries.

For example, we expect to essay, observe a positive correlation between CSR and both RD and advertising (McWilliams and Siegel, 2000), an assertion that we will explain below. Expanding on this theory of the morality essay firm perspective, we can shed further light on the strategic implications of CSR. In particular, we wish to role in communication, focus on issues relating to industry evolution, market structure, firm dynamics, and essay, the role of asymmetric information in the context of CSR. We first note that in the context of using CSR to role essay, differentiate products, it is important to distinguish between two types of product differentiation. Sat Essay? The first is role in communication vertical differentiation which occurs when most consumers prefer one product to another. Other things being equal, most consumers prefer a more fuel-efficient vehicle. In the context of CSR, such a situation could occur when it is clear in the mind of consumers that the product with a CSR characteristic is better than the product without such a characteristic.

For example, a hybrid’ version of a Honda Accord generates less pollution than a standard Honda Accord. Thus, it is clear to most consumers that the hybrid car is better than the pro advertisement essay standard model. Some consumers are willing to pay a price premium for the hybrid car, given that the social characteristic of less pollution is valuable’ to them. This type of differentiation can strengthen or maintain the reputation of the of computers in communication firm which adds value in addition to allowing the firm to meet a particular market demand (Fombrun and Shanley, 1990). In contrast, horizontal differentiation occurs when only some consumers prefer a particular product, but the preference is based on taste, rather than quality. For example, some consumers choose a particular vehicle because of the colour. This type of differentiation does not contribute to the reputation of the firm and does not allow the firm to charge a premium price. Horizontal differentiation also operates for different brands. For example, some consumers prefer Coke to Pepsi, while others have the opposite view. In contrast to the ease of valuing CSR attributes, consumers often find it difficult to determine if a firm's internal operations meet their moral and political standards for social responsibility.

The level of asymmetric information regarding internal operations can be mediated by the firm itself or by ucla dissertation deadlines activists. For instance, companies such as McDonalds, Motorola, and Nike publish annual reports on social responsibility. One can view this activity as a form of advertising, especially for more general types of CSR. While such reports may be useful, some consumers perceive this information as biased, since it is filtered through senior management. Fedderson and Gilligan (2001) assert that activists can play an important role in addressing this concern, by supplying consumers with information they can rely on to choose socially responsible firms. The relationship between CSR and advertising is an interesting one, which bears further reflection. Several stylized facts relating to industry evolution and the nature of advertising are useful to role of computers, consider. The first is that we expect levels of investment in CSR to be higher for established firms in othello essay more mature industries, since the extent of production differentiation will be greater in such sectors and consumers will, in general, have more sophisticated tastes and knowledge regarding products and firms. It is clear that such companies are likely to derive greater benefits from the in communication essay use of CSR for reputation enhancement/protection. Dissertation? A second point is that if some forms of of computers CSR do indeed constitute advertising, then it is important to distinguish between persuasive CSR advertising and informative CSR advertising. Persuasive CSR advertising attempts to essay, positively influence consumer tastes for role of computers in communication essay products with CSR attributes.

It follows that this type of advertising need not be firm-specific. Informative CSR advertising merely provides information about the essay CSR characteristics or CSR managerial practices of the firm. Following Milgrom and essay, Roberts (1986), one could also view a high level of CSR advertising (either persuasive on informative CSR advertising) as a signal of product or firm quality. Another critical issue concerns the nature of the market structure of the pro advertisement essay firm's industry. A key conclusion of the McWilliams and Siegel (2001) paper was that, in equilibrium, firms that engage in CSR will earn the in communication essay same rate of profit as firms that do not engage in CSR.

We refer to paper, this finding as the neutrality result. This finding was misinterpreted by role in communication Piga (2002) as implying that CSR can only occur in pro advertisement essay monopolistically competitive industries, since some oligopoly models of vertically differentiated markets predict that (in equilibrium) firms selling the higher quality product (in our case, the firm that sells a good with a CSR characteristic) reap abnormal’ profits. Of Computers? A monopolistically competitive industry consists of numerous firms, some product differentiation, and relative free entry. Some examples of dissertation deadlines such sectors are restaurants and of computers in communication essay, retail establishments. On the an essay other hand, oligopolies are characterized by in communication essay a consolidated industry structure, considerable entry barriers, and substantial product differentiation (e.g. autos, computers). We believe that the neutrality result holds under both oligopoly and monopolistic competition. This is implied for monopolistic competition because sectors with such a structure are characterized by both horizontal and vertical differentiation, a fragmented industry structure, and very low entry barriers. Under this scenario, it is impossible for introduction english firms to use CSR to outperform rivals. Examples of firms in monopolistically competitive industries that engage in role of computers in communication CSR include restaurants, hotels, companies selling organic produce, and different types of pro advertisement essay retail establishments. The neutrality result likely holds for monopolistic markets as well.

That is because, while some oligopoly models predict that firms producing a higher quality product earn abnormal’ returns, these findings hinge on the assumption that costs are constant and independent of quality. These assumptions were not invoked in the McWilliams and Siegel (2001) model. Furthermore, recent economic models of CSR (Baron, 2001; Fedderson and in communication essay, Gilligan, 2001) identify an important countervailing force on the ability of companies to engage in strategic CSR in oligopolistic industries: activists who target leading firms (e.g. the attack on Nike's Asian production). This countervailing force makes it difficult for oligopolistic firms to achieve a competitive advantage through the strategic use of CSR. The question of whether firms can use CSR to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage is another important question. A paper by Reinhardt (1998) finds that a firm engaging in a CSR-based strategy can only pro advertisement essay generate an abnormal return if it can prevent competitors from of computers in communication essay imitating its strategy. In competitive markets this is unlikely, since CSR is highly transparent, with little causal ambiguity. Other theoretical studies (Dutta et al., 1995; Hoppe and Lehmann-Grube, 2001) show that any early mover advantages that might be gained by offering higher quality products (recall that CSR is modelled as a quality improvement’ in McWilliams and Siegel, 2001) are eroded when competitive strategies are observable.

However, CSR may be used in the context of political strategies that result in regulatory barriers to imitation. One such strategy would be for firms to use government regulation to impose CSR on rivals who do not employ an appropriate technology, thus raising the costs of those rivals relative to sat essay portion, the initiating firm. In Communication Essay? Marvel (1977) provided an example of this in deadlines the British textile industry in the early 1800s. The first child labour law was passed in role of computers essay Great Britain after the mill owners who employed modern technology banded together and lobbied for restrictions on child labour, which was used more by the older, smaller mills. McWilliams et al. (2002) applied the RBV framework to demonstrate how US firms can use political strategies based on CSR to raise regulatory barriers that prevent foreign competitors from using substitute (e.g. low labour cost) technology. This discussion focused primarily on understanding CSR from an pro advertisement applied perspective. However, it begins to point to essay, a broader and deeper set of an essay in sanskrit research issues that have yet to role of computers essay, be resolved. RESEARCH AGENDA ON THE STRATEGIC IMPLICATIONS OF CSR. There are numerous unresolved theoretical and empirical issues relating to the strategic implications of CSR.

These include defining CSR, identifying institutional differences in CSR across countries, determining the motivations for CSR, describing CSR strategies, modelling the effects of CSR on the firm and an essay on school in sanskrit, stakeholder groups, determining the role of computers essay effects of leadership and corporate culture on CSR activity, assessing the effect of CSR on english, the firm and stakeholder groups, measuring the demand for role CSR, measuring the pro advertisement essay costs of CSR and of computers, assessing the current knowledge base. Theoretical Issues To Be Resolved. As noted in our introduction, there is essay a no strong consensus on a definition for of computers CSR. CSR has been used as a synonym for business ethics, defined as tantamount to corporate philanthropy, and considered strictly as relating to morality essay, environmental policy. CSR has also been confused with corporate social performance and corporate citizenship. The lack of consistency in the use of the term CSR makes it difficult to compare results across studies, hampering our ability to understand the implications of CSR activity. As other issues are resolved, we hope that they lead to the emergence of an agreed-upon definition of role of computers essay CSR.

Having a good definition of CSR, with a common terminology, would aid us in modelling the role of organizational culture and leadership in othello determining the importance of CSR within an organization. Of Computers In Communication? Researchers could analyse how changes in corporate control, particularly through merger or acquisition, affect the type and level of CSR activity within firms. Alternatively, changes in top management (CEO or team) might be examined to determine whether leadership style and characteristics are more important than corporate control/culture for othello morality predicting CSR activity. Understanding the in communication role of leadership could be extended to understanding the decision making process and how decisions about CSR activity are affected by demands from multiple stakeholders. Asymmetric information makes it difficult to study the antecedents and consequences of CSR.

Managers may perceive that many external stakeholders view CSR activity more favourably if it is divorced from any discussion of the bottom line. With this in mind, managers may not reveal the more practical motivations (such as product promotion, labour cost control and ucla deadlines, reputation building) behind their CSR activities, especially in corporate publications such as annual reports. This lack of of computers candid information has made it difficult to distinguish and sat essay, discuss the different motivations for CSR, which may be private or social. The use of of computers CSR to capture value is referred to as strategic CSR by Baron (2001) who points out that it is the motivation for the action that identifies socially, as opposed to privately, responsible action’. That is, if the motivation is to serve society, at the cost of profits, the action is socially responsible, but if the motivation is to serve the bottom line, then the an essay on school action is privately responsible. For privately responsible actions, there may well be social benefits that exceed the cost of the action to in communication essay, the firm. However, this does not change the motivation, unless these social benefits are of value to managers. For example, providing day care may lower the number of juvenile crimes in a community, but the firm might provide the day care only because it increases the availability of workers and lowers the cost of absenteeism. This is reminiscent of the consideration of positive externalities associated with innovative activity. An externality is defined as the impact of an introduction to a2 economic agent's actions on the well-being of a bystander. Pollution is role of computers in communication a classic example of a negative externality, while innovation (whose benefits cannot be entirely appropriated by an essay in sanskrit language its creator) is a classic example of a positive externality.

While the private returns to innovation (or those that accrue to the company) may be high, the social returns to innovation (through the creation of new or improved products and processes) may be even greater. Researchers need to role of computers, use more direct methods, such as interviews and surveys, to argument research abortion, tease out’ less self-serving information about the motivations for CSR activity and improve the precision of measurement of the private and social returns to CSR. In addition to understanding the motivation for the provision of social benefits, we need to understand how the provision of role in communication these goods, through strategic CSR, affects society. An example of strategic CSR is when a firm links the provision of a public good to the sale of their (private) products (e.g. eco-labelling). Bagnoli and in sanskrit language, Watts (2003) model this behaviour and find that the propensity of firms to engage in strategic CSR depends on two factors: the intensity of competition in the market and the extent to which consumers are willing to pay a premium for social responsibility. The authors conclude that there is an inverse relation between intensity of competition and provision of CSR. That is, in role of computers more competitive markets, less of the public good will be provided through strategic CSR. Conversely, in less competitive markets, more of the public good will be provided. This is ucla easy to of computers, understand, since more competition results in lower margins and, therefore, less ability to provide additional (social) attributes or activity. Conversely, less competition leads to the potential for higher margins and more ability to provide additional attributes or activity.

An analysis of the provision of public goods by private firms is portion points a welcome addition to the management literature on role in communication, CSR, which has been primarily concerned with answering the following question: do firms do well by doing good’? Showing that a firm does well by doing good is often referred to as making the business case for CSR. Introduction To A2 Coursework? While understanding the relation between firm performance and social performance is of primary importance in of computers the management literature, a more thorough understanding of the CSR phenomenon requires that we take account of other stakeholders as well. These stakeholders include: customers, employees, governments, suppliers, taxpayers, community groups, and on school, underrepresented groups. Our understanding of role of computers essay CSR should be extended to an examination of the strategic use of CSR activities. Fombrun and Shanley (1990) established that investing in CSR attributes and paper abortion, activities may be important elements of product differentiation and role in communication, reputation building. McWilliams and Siegel (2001) suggest that CSR activities be included in strategy formulation and that the level of in sanskrit resources devoted to in communication essay, CSR be determined through cost/benefit analysis. Analysis of the strategic implications of CSR is hampered by cross-country/cultural differences in the institutions that regulate market activity, including business, labour and social agencies. Institutional differences lead to different expectations and different returns to activity.

For firms operating in multiple countries/cultures this complicates the process of determining which activities to deadlines, engage in and how much to invest. As the knowledge base of CSR develops world-wide, we will be better able to analyse and advise on CSR. In summary, the CSR literature suffers from definitional questions that limit the future research. Distinguishing among strategic CSR, altruistic CSR, and even coerced CSR (e.g. Husted and De Jesus Salazar, 2006) constitutes a significant theoretical breakthrough. However, until theory and research can adequately agree upon what, specifically, constitutes CSR, research will continue to provide a lack of consistent results.

It is to this empirical research that we next turn our attention. Problems with measurement of the costs and role of computers in communication essay, benefits of CSR activities continue to cloud our understanding of the strategic implications of CSR. A major impediment to empirical research is the continuing confusion over definition that we mentioned above. It is impossible to sat essay points, measure what we cannot define and, as long as we use different definitions, we will get empirical results that cannot reliably be compared. Table II presents selected empirical studies of CSR. Most of these papers focus on the relation between CSR and role of computers in communication essay, firm performance. Pro Advertisement Essay? Early studies used either the role of computers essay event study methodology (which is based on analysis of short-run changes in stock prices as a proxy for firm performance in literature the aftermath of a CSR-related event) or regression analysis (which uses an accounting measure of profitability, such as return on assets, as the dependent variable in a regression model that explains’ firm performance). In Communication? These studies usually attempted to answer the question: do firms do well by doing good? The reported results have ranged from showing a negative relation between CSR and firm performance, to showing no relation, to showing a positive relation (e.g. the results of divesting from South Africa shown in pro advertisement Table II). There is little consistency in these findings.

This may be a result of role of computers in communication essay inconsistency in defining CSR, inconsistency in defining firm performance, inconsistency in samples, imprecision and inconsistency in research design, misspecification of othello essay models, changes over time, or some more fundamental variance in the samples that are being analysed. McWilliams and Siegel (1997) critiqued the use of the role of computers in communication event study methodology to measure the consequences of CSR. The authors reported that the sat essay points findings of role essay event studies of introduction CSR appearing in top management journals were unreliable, due to serious flaws in in communication the research design and implementation of the event study methodology (see also McWilliams et al., 1999). They also cautioned that the sat essay points use of stock price as a metric for role of computers performance is not appropriate for coursework studying CSR. That is because CSR is a firm level measure and role of computers essay, many socially responsibility activities occur at the plant level or the product level. Another concern is that an analysis of stock price effects only relates to financial stakeholders and it is clear that non-financial stakeholders are also affected by CSR activities. McWilliams and Siegel (2000) challenged the conventional regression model used to assess the relationship between corporate social performance (CSP), which is often used as a synonym for CSR, and firm performance. They noted that the othello essay typical regression equation estimated was misspecified because it did not include two key variables: the level of RD spending and advertising expenditure. Both of these variables have been shown to be determinants of role firm performance and, because all three (RD, advertising, and essay, CSP) are elements of a differentiation strategy, they hypothesized that RD and advertising would be correlated with a measure of CSP. The results of McWilliams and Siegel's estimation of the correctly-specified, expanded equation demonstrated that the three explanatory variables were correlated. Thus, the model that excluded RD and advertising variables was misspecified.

Most notably, they showed that when RD and advertising were included in the model, CSP was not a significant determinant of firm performance, as had been reported in several widely-cited studies. Consistent with Baron's (2001) distinction between altruistic CSR and strategic CSR, Hillman and Keim (2001) conjecture that empirical tests of the of computers relation between CSR and an essay in sanskrit, firm performance should disaggregate CSR activities into those that are strategic (stakeholder management) and of computers, those that are altruistic (social issue participation). Based on estimation of a disaggregated model, they report that there is a positive relation between firm performance (measured using market value added) and strategic CSR and a negative relation between altruistic CSR and firm performance. McWilliams and Siegel (2001) provide a framework for analysing CSR within the context of the theory of the firm. Based on this framework, they develop hypotheses regarding the provision of CSR attributes across industries and market structures. They hypothesize that the provision of CSR will depend on RD spending, advertising intensity, the extent of product differentiation, the percentage of government sales, consumer income, the tightness of the labour market, and the stage of the industry life cycle’ (2001, p. 125). All of othello morality these should be tested empirically to see if the results support the hypotheses. McWilliams and Siegel conclude that there is role in communication essay some level of CSR that will maximize profits while satisfying the demand for CSR from argument paper abortion multiple stakeholders. Of Computers? The ideal level of CSR can be determined by cost-benefit analysis’ (2001, p. 125). While costs of othello essay providing CSR attributes may be easy for managers to determine, consumer demand (benefit) may not be. Consumer demand for CSR could be difficult to measure because CSR attributes are among many attributes of a product.

For example, a particular shampoo may have the CSR attribute that it is not tested on animals’. But, it also has a particular scent, colour, consistency, and package. In Communication? This makes it difficult to separate out the on school demand for the CSR attribute. A method for assessing how much consumers are willing to pay for a given product characteristic or feature is hedonic pricing. Hedonic pricing involves using data on actual purchases, in order to role in communication, determine the implicit price’ of a particular attribute. For example, new homes have many attributes, one of which might be central air conditioning. On School? Examining a large number of new home sales, with and role of computers essay, without central air conditioning, but holding other attributes constant, it would be possible to determine how much consumers are willing to morality, pay for the central air conditioning. Similarly, to determine the demand’ for not tested on animals’, researchers can compare sale data on many shampoos, with and without the role in communication CSR attribute and can determine how much consumers will pay for that attribute.

This information could then be used in othello a cost/benefit analysis of the CSR attribute. To illustrate, we return to the example of hybrid cars, which are highly fuel efficient. Given the high price of gasoline, it is clear that some consumers will be attracted to these automobiles because they want to save money on fuel. Others may choose to purchase a Honda hybrid, as opposed to in communication, GM hybrid, because Honda has a superior reputation for quality. Still others are willing to pay a price premium for on school in sanskrit the hybrid car, strictly because the social characteristic of less pollution is valuable’ to them. Role Of Computers? The beauty of the hedonic method is morality that it allows us tease out the value to role, the consumer of each of these three factors (fuel efficiency, quality differential, and the social characteristic of less pollution). The hedonic method is based on to a2, the notion that the (logarithm of the) price of a good or service is related to its characteristics or features as follows: where #x25b; is a random error term and Z is a vector of k characteristics or attributes. These attributes are typically sources of private satisfaction, such as the speed of a computer or the horsepower of an auto engine. The researcher typically estimates a regression, in order to determine the values of the β coefficients.

The β coefficients provide estimates of how much customers are willing to pay for role of computers a given attribute. Some characteristics may also have social dimensions, such as aerosol products with no fluorocarbons or environmentally-friendly lighting. A major advantage of hedonics, relative to other methods (e.g. focus groups), is that it is based on observed, not hypothetical data. Hedonics have been used by government agencies and other researchers to ucla, price’ individual attributes of computers, autos, housing, land, and dowries. They are also increasingly being used for more abstract non-market environmental goods’, such as views, clean air, and open space. These estimates can have important managerial and policy implications, since they help managers estimate demand for role essay social characteristics and can also be used in national price/cost of living statistics.

The theoretical and essay, empirical issues discussed above provide an important foundation for understanding the contributions of the articles in this special issue. Of Computers Essay? These papers shed light on to a2 literature coursework, the definitional issues that plague this research, and demonstrate, both theoretically and empirically, how making clear, specific definitions can result in deeper understanding and guide more rigorous research in CSR. The article by Alfie Marcus and Marc Anderson (2006) poses an interesting research question, especially in light of our previous discussion of the strategic implications of CSR. The authors ask whether a firm's dynamic capability’ influences its competence in CSR. To address this question, they provide a novel and interesting application of the RBV framework to the case of CSR.

In the theoretical section of the paper, the authors make two important points. The first is that they distinguish between business and social competencies. They also consider a general dynamic capability’, a term coined by Ghemawat (2001), which describes such activities as enhancing the absorptive capacity of the firm, benchmarking, and role, experimentation. The authors examine their research question using a detailed firm-level survey in the US retail food industry. Specifically, they surveyed 806 grocery stores/chains with operations in North America as of 1997. The results indicate that a general dynamic capability has a positive influence on pro advertisement essay, a firm's competence in supply chain management, which is a key business competence in this industry. However, a general dynamic capability does not appear to role of computers in communication, have any influence on a firm's competence in environmental management, which is a key social’ competence in this industry. The authors conclude that their findings suggest that the factors driving competitive advantage are different than those that influence CSR. Jonathan Doh and Terrence Guay (2006) assess the role of differences in the institutional environments of Europe and the USA in argument abortion explaining expectations regarding the propensity of firms to be socially responsible. As such, the paper is an of computers essay interesting synthesis of neo-institutional and ucla, stakeholder theory. It is of computers in communication essay a qualitative analysis, consisting of three case studies.

Specifically, the authors assess the roles that US and European non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have played in influencing CSR policies in three areas: the an essay on school language trade and regulation of of computers in communication essay genetically-modified organisms (GMOs), pharmaceutical pricing and distribution policies, and international environmental agreements such as the Kyoto Protocol Treaty. The case studies reveal the role of institutional differences in these two regions in influencing government policy, corporate strategy and NGO activism related to pro advertisement, CSR. Specifically, the of computers authors find that these factors play an important role in determining how CSR is perceived and implemented in the USA and Europe. A key implication of the Doh and in sanskrit language, Guay study is in communication that any cross-country comparison of the propensity of firms to engage in CSR should take into account these institutional differences. In the next article, Bryan Husted and Jos de Jesus Salazar pose another interesting research question: is it better for firms to act strategically with respect to CSR than to be coerced into making such investments? More generally, the authors analyse the conditions under which firms can maximize profit and enhance social performance. As such, they take the theory of the firm perspective on portion points, CSR seriously, since they conduct a cost/benefit analysis of of computers in communication essay social responsibility. This technique was proposed by McWilliams and Siegel (2001). Husted and essay, De Jesus Salazar model this cost/benefit analysis under three scenarios concerning the role firm's desire to engage in CSR: altruism, coerced egoism’, and the strategic use of coursework CSR. Role Essay? Altruism describes the case when firms sincerely want to be socially responsible, without regard to how such activities affect the bottom line. Sat Essay Points? Coerced egoism occurs when firms act in a socially responsible manner only when they are compelled by regulation (and other factors) to do so.

The strategic use of role essay CSR is defined as instances where there are clear benefits to the firm for engaging in CSR. The authors employ standard microeconomic analysis to on school in sanskrit, determine the optimal level of social output that results under each of these cases. They demonstrate that both society and role in communication, firms are better off when firms use CSR strategically than when they are coerced into making such investments. This is a conclusion that would make Adam Smith smile. In the next paper, Duane Windsor (2006) examines different perspectives on CSR. As noted earlier, CSR is still an embryonic concept in the academic literature. Windsor's essay is a tour-de-force on the evolution on three opposing perspectives on CSR: economic, philosophical, and global corporate citizenship. As he defines it, the economic viewpoint focuses on the firm's ability to use CSR as a tool to create wealth, implies minimal government intervention to research paper, promote CSR, and advocates that the firm adopt prevailing business ethics. On the other hand, the philosophical perspective results in of computers in communication moral reflection on CSR and should lead to higher levels of CSR and ucla dissertation, other forms of altruism. He also notes that this view supports active government intervention to promote CSR, as well as policy initiatives that strengthen stakeholder rights.

The global corporate citizenship perspective seems to of computers, fall somewhere in morality essay between the economic and philosophical views, although this perspective can be used instrumentally to enhance market opportunities and the firm's moral reputation. The author concludes by discussing the implications of role of computers essay each of these perspectives for CSR scholarship. This special issue concludes with an sat essay portion article by Andy Lockett, Jeremy Moon, and role of computers essay, Wayne Visser (2006), which assesses the status of CSR research in the management literature. Specifically, they assess the on school in sanskrit language focus and nature of role CSR research and argument research abortion, the use of the role in communication essay accumulated knowledge in management and to a2 literature coursework, related fields. The authors also attempt to determine the key intellectual influences on the field of CSR and whether CSR research has a dominant paradigm. Their empirical analysis is based on data on CSR-related publications and citation analysis over the period 19922002.

The authors identified CSR-related articles in the following journals: Academy of role of computers Management Journal , Academy of Management Review , Administrative Science Quarterly , Journal of pro advertisement Management , Organization Science , Strategic Management Journal , Journal of Management Studies , Harvard Business Review , Sloan Management Review , and California Management Review . They analysed both the articles cited in these CSR-related papers and the citations that CSR-related articles generated in other journals. They found that the of computers in communication field’ is in a continuing state of emergence’, a term coined by Thomas Kuhn (1962). That is, based on othello morality, its overall profile in these leading management journals and the citations these articles generate, CSR lacks a dominant paradigm. This is an obvious call to action for concerned researchers. It is role this state of othello essay emergence that we hope to advance with this special issue.

The papers here exemplify the variety of role essay perspectives that have been brought to ucla dissertation deadlines, bear on CSR. They also demonstrate an increasing ability to clearly define the of computers in communication essay construct of essay CSR (albeit not necessarily all agreeing on the definition) and build strong theoretical arguments and high-quality empirical studies that will provide an effective springboard for future research in CSR. We thank participants at the April 2004 University of Illinois at Chicago/International Centre for Corporate Social Responsibility Workshop on Corporate Social Responsibility, Ann Buchholtz, Steve Floyd, Mark Shanley, and Mike Wright for their insightful comments on a previous version of this paper. The second author also gratefully acknowledges financial support from the School of Humanities and Social Sciences and the Lally School of Management and Technology at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. For the benefit of non-US readers, the United Way is a global network of non-profit, philanthropic organizations. In the USA, many employees (especially those working for large organizations) donate a small fraction of their salaries to United Way, which is then distributed to a specific charity (or charities) that is part of the network. The workshop was jointly sponsored by the College of Business Administration at the University of Illinois at role of computers in communication essay Chicago and the International Centre for Corporate Social Responsibility (ICCSR) at the University of Nottingham in the United Kingdom. See Kor and Mahoney (2004), Lockett and Thompson (2004), and Rugman and Verbeke (2004) for an excellent series of articles on Edith Penrose and the resource-based view of strategic management. Issue online: 10 January 2006 Version of to a2 english literature coursework record online: 10 January 2006.

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Employee Engagement, Exploring Its Relationship With Career Development And Employee Retention. Employee engagement ' exploring its relationship with career development and in communication essay employee retention. Key words: employee engagement, career development, retention. A paradigm shift has happened in the viewpoints of management towards employees. Earlier employees were considered as those who are needed just to fulfill the needs and demands of ucla deadlines, customers. But new management school of thought perceives and of computers in communication essay practice the viewpoint of 'employees first and ucla customers second'. Modern managers propagate that 'our people are our most important asset'. Employee engagement is the strategy through which organizations want to implement this thought. Organizations have come to realize that in today's constantly changing business scenario, the in communication most valuable resource that needs to be leveraged is human resource.

This means not just attracting the cr??me-de-la-cr??me and retaining them but keeping them motivated and committed to achieving the dissertation deadlines organization goals. Engagement is a combination of an attitude and behavior, the attitude is essay, 'commitment' and behavior is 'action to cooperate or going the english literature coursework extra mile' (ACAS, 2010, Policy Decision Paper). It was identified that engaged employees are more productive than their disengaged peers. Unengaged employees tend to concentrate on task rather than on the goals and outcomes they are expected to of computers essay accomplish. They are concerned only about finishing their work and are not concerned about essay, improvements. Unengaged employees are found to role of computers in communication feel that their contributions are being overlooked and introduction english literature their potential is of computers essay, not being tapped. They see negativity at every opportunity and undermine the accomplishment of the engaged coworkers. In contrast an engaged employee is essay, one who is fully involved in and enthusiastic about his or her work and thus will act in role in communication essay, ways that fulfill the organization's interest. Morality! Schmidt et al. (1993) has defined engagement as 'an employee's involvement with, commitment to and satisfaction with work'. The Hay Group defines engaged performance as 'a result that is achieved by stimulating employees' enthusiasm for their work and directing it toward organization success. This result can only be achieved when employers offer an implicit contract to their employees that elicits specific positive behaviours aligned with organization's goals. ' Lanphear defines Employee Engagement as 'the bond employees have with their organization' Lanphear further espouses that 'when employees really care about the business, they are more likely to go the extra mile.'

It was found that employees who are engaged show a positive attitude towards the organization and express an obligation to remain with the organization. Employee engagement determines the level of commitment and involvement an employee has towards his/ her organization and its values. Highly engaged employee's works hand in hand with their colleagues to of computers in communication essay increase performance within the job, for the benefit of the organization. Othello Morality! Employee engagement thus acts a barometer that measure extend of of computers in communication essay, association and emotional bonding between employee and sat essay portion organization and determine job satisfaction and job contribution of the employee. Today's employees are more informed and of computers showcase high willingness to work provided they are given learning opportunities. Personal growth, opportunities to learn and explore is becoming a primary driver. Catering to the changing needs to foster engaged employees is the need of the hour.

Review of Literature. Significant correlation was found between employee engagement and desirable business outcomes such as retention of talent, customer service, industrial performance, team performance, business unit productivity and ucla deadlines even enterprise level financial performance (Rucci et al, 1998). Organizations with high employee engagement show higher revenues and profits than those with lower engagement levels (Neti, Vipparthi, Raulapati, 2011) . In Communication! In 2005, Towers Perrin Survey found that companies with higher employee engagement had up to morality essay 19% higher operating margin, net profit margin, revenue growth and up to 25% greater earnings per share than companies with low employee engagement ((Neti, Vipparthi, Raulapati, 2011). Full engagement represents an alignment of in communication, maximum job satisfaction with maximum job contribution. By observing engagement against dissertation deadlines, these two factors allows organizations to ensure that productivity gains are sustainable in the long-term. According to Rees et al (2009) engaged employees perform better than others, take less sick leave and are less likely to leave their employer.

Low level of engagement was found to be more among those employees who perceived unfairness in rewards and who believed that they are stuck in their job with no growth opportunities (John, 2010, Acas Policy, Discussion paper) The highly productive companies across the world have understood the fact that it was employee engagement that made them different from other companies. Different companies had taken different initiatives to enhance the level of engagement among employees towards their jobs and the organization. As it is an established fact that there is a clear link between organizational performance and role of computers essay employee engagement, every organization seeking sustenance need to design and implement a customized process to increase the ucla levels of employee engagement. The following are a few basic steps in this process based on the best industry practices. Process of Employee Engagement (K .Sirisha, 2013) 2. Employee Engagement Survey: Design the questions of the employee engagement survey depending upon the comfort and understanding level of the employees. 3. In Communication! Result Analysis: analyze the data to essay find out what exactly motivates employees to role of computers essay perform their best and what actually disengages them and finally compels them to leave the organization. Dissertation Deadlines! The results and information can then be delivered through presentations.

4. Action Planning: 'How to turn the results of the survey in to an action' is a challenging question that organizations need to deal with the utmost care. Coaching of line managers as well as HR professionals is very important in order to tell them how to role essay take appropriate actions to pro advertisement engage employees. Role Essay! They should also be told about dos and an essay on school in sanskrit language don'ts so that they can successfully implement the changes. 5. Action Follow-up: Action follow up is necessary in order to find out role essay if the action has been taken in the right direction or not and if it is producing the desired results. Career development and Employee engagement. Organizations with high levels of engagement provide employees with opportunities to develop their abilities, learn new skills, acquire new knowledge and realize their potential.

When companies plan for the career paths of their employees and invest in tem employees in turn will contribute back with high productivity and organization commitment. Career development influences engagement for employees and retaining the research abortion most talented employees and in communication essay providing opportunities for personal development. Employee engagement and language retention. If was found that engaged employees are less likely to leave their job. If an employee has no emotional commitment to their job, there is a greater chance that they will leave to pursue a job that offers, for example, higher remuneration or more flexible work conditions (Haid Sims, 2009; Schaufeli Bakker, 2004). Research confirms that engagement lowers employees' intention to leave. The Corporate Leadership Council (2004) found that the most engaged employees are 87% less likely to leave their organization. Role! The same study found that the 100 best places to work (according to their research) had an average voluntary turnover rate of 13% as compared with the average of 28.5% of other businesses in the same industries. What's more, other large scale research has found that 12% of disengaged employees have no intention to othello morality leave, while that proportion rises to 66% in engaged employees. Similarly, over of computers half of disengaged employees would consider leaving their current job for another opportunity, while only 25% of on school in sanskrit, highly engaged employees would consider leaving. (Towers Perrin, 2003).

Corporate Leadership Council report (2008) the highly engaged organizations have the potential to reduce the staff turnover by 87%, the disengaged are four times more likely leave organization than average employees. It was observed that the role in communication essay employee retention can be improved by improving employee engagement. Considering that replacing an pro advertisement employee can cost one and a half times their salary, retention has a significant impact on an organization's overall profit. Not only can the costs of replacing employees be a trench on resources, but once new employees are in place they can take several years to generate the role same revenue. Objective of the study was to find out the relationship between employee engagement and employee retention and career development. From the literature review is argument research paper abortion, was found that career development was found to be factor improving employee engement and role in communication essay employee engagement in turn increases employee retention. The study was conducted among employees working in media sector, a sector known for high employee turnover.

The study was conducted among the employees of one of the an essay in sanskrit leading Indian daily newspaper which has introduced employee engagement activities to motivate the employees and hence increasing their commitment towards the role of computers in communication essay organization. The data was collected from 276employees working across different departments of the company. Gallup 12 questionnaire was used for collecting the data. The data analysis shows that the Employees working with the company was found to argument research paper abortion be have high employee engagement level. One sample't' test was conducted on the responses (with test value '4' assigned to the response 'agree') given by respondents. t value 2.346 which is role in communication, not significant at 0.05 level shows that the mean (4.0439) of the responses did not differ significantly from the test value. High significance value (typically above 0.05) indicates that there is no significant difference between the test value and the observed mean.

Which proves that employees were showcasing high employee engagement. Table 1. One-Sample Statistics. N Mean Std. Deviation Std. Error Mean. Employee engagement 276 4.0439 .31058 .01869.

Table 2. Sat Essay Portion Points! One-Sample Test. t df Sig. (2-tailed) Mean Difference 95% Confidence Interval of the Difference. Employee engagement 2.346 275 .020 .04386 .0071 .0807. Then the relationship was analyzed between career development opportunities provided by the organization and the level of engagement that the employees are feeling with company. Table 3. Descriptive Statistics. Mean Std. Deviation N.

Employee engagement 4.0439 .31058 276. Opportunity for career development 4.3225 .87032 276. Table 4. Correlation between employee engagement and role in communication career development. Employee engagement Opportunity for career development. Employee engagement Pearson Correlation 1 .634** Sig. (2-tailed) .000. Opportunity for career development Pearson Correlation .634** 1. Sig. Essay! (2-tailed) .000.

**. Correlation is role of computers in communication, significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed). From Table 4. It can be inferred that there is high correlation between career development opportunities provided by the organization and employee engagement. Correlation value was found to be .634 which was highly significant at 0.01 significance level. It was also observed that the level of support provided by the immediate supervisor for employee development also enhances overall employee engagement. Second objective of the study was to find out the relationship between employee engagement level and their intention to an essay on school in sanskrit language remain with the role of computers in communication organization. The relationship was found using Pearson correlation. Table 5. Descriptive Statistics.

Mean Std. Deviation N. Employee retention 3.9674 .24648 276. Employee engagement 4.0439 .31058 276. Table 6. Correlation between employee retention and in sanskrit employee engagement. Employee retention Employee engagement. Employee retention Pearson Correlation 1 .379**

Sig. (2-tailed) .000. Employee engagement Pearson Correlation .379** 1. Sig. (2-tailed) .000. **. Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed). Table 6 shows that there is essay, high correlation between employee retention and employee engagement. Ucla! Correlation value .379 was found to be highly significant at role, 0.01 significance level.

The can be inferred that career development opportunities and employee engagement activities provided by the organaotion is motivating the an essay in sanskrit employees to remain with the organization for a longer tenure and employees were also found to be seeing their growth with organization. When most of the organizations are focusing on growth and of computers essay profitability the essential element that they miss out is the need to retain the existing talent pool. To A2 Coursework! It was observed that employees were leaving the organization irrespective of the financial compensation that was offered to role of computers in communication essay them. Dissertation! Diagnosis was done to role in communication essay find out the ucla reason for the same using exit interview and expert advice of change agents and as a part of organization reengineering the company came up with different employee engagement and career development activities. The study result shows that the role of computers in communication essay new human resource strategy adopted by the company was effective to develop a positive intention in to a2 coursework, the mind of the employees to of computers essay remain with the organization. The study gives the inference that the organaotion should carry forward with their effort to develop the feeling of oneness in the mind of the employees about the company, which will increase not only their productivity but the organaotion will be able to retain its talented and on school language trained employees with the organization. Corporate Leadership Council, Improving employee performance in economic downtime, 2007, (Corporate Executive board, Washington, DC). Deovsek,D., Creating highly engaged and committed employees starts at role of computers, the top and sat essay ends at the bottom line, Credit union national Association inc, May2008. Haid, M. In Communication Essay! Sims, J. (2009). Employee Engagement: Maximising Organisational Performance.

Right Management. Retrieved 15 June 2011, from John Purcell,(2010) Acas Policy Discussion paper, Acas Strategy Unit K .Sirisha (2013) A Study On Employee Engagement At Hyderabad- LT Infocity, Journal of Business Management Social Sciences Research ISSN No: 2319-5614 Volume 2, No.9, September 2013. Rees, C., Alfers, K., Gatenby, M., Soane, E. and Truss, K. (2009) 'Work organisation, employee voice and engagement: exploring connections'. Paper given at the British Universities Industrial Relations Association Annual Conference, Cardiff July 2009.

Rucci, Quinn, Kim (1998). The employee-customer profit chain. Points! Harvard Business Review, pp. Role In Communication Essay! 83'97. Schaufeli, W.B. and Bakker, A.B. (2004).

Job demands, job resources, and their relationship with burnout and engagement: a multi-sample study. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25, 293-315. Towers Perrin (2003). Working Today: Understanding What Drives Employee Engagement. The 2003 Towers Perrin Talent Report. Retrieved 15 June 2011, from

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