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Last/Ats-W: How to essay Prepare for essay, the Liberal Arts and Sciences Test Assessment of essay on cum eating Teaching Skills-Written, with an Introduction to t (Barron#039;s NYSTCE) Book by Postman, Robert D. not at difficulties abroad, all like the real LAST and full of egregious errors. A Customer on eating, Nov 03, 1999. I read every section of cork this book pertaining to the LAST exam and eating took all the practice quizzes and tests. Not only did I find the book frustrating (because of numerous errors in the practices quizzes/tests and vt bar exam some truly absurd statements in eating, the review material) but once I took the actual exam I felt like I had wasted a whole lot of time using the elementary teaching position book. The actual test is far more intense than any of the sample questions in essay, Postman's book would lead you to believe. And Effect Violence Essay? I daresay the essay on cum LAST is a test that you really can't study for exam essays, -- you just have to have payed attention throughout all of your schooling and had better have a really good command of the English language in all its subtleties. The LAST is, more than anything else, a test of on cum your ability to read carefully and binding draw insightful, logical conclusions about a huge array of topics. All those high school math topics that I agonized over while studying this book didn't help me one iota when I took the on cum eating test. The brief test preparation guide that I ordered directly from the NYS Education Department was what really prepared me for the type of questions I would see on exam, the LAST. (As for the kind of essay on cum eating errors I found. see for word essays military communication, instance page 244: a piano is essay on cum, a percussion instrument! like a symbol is! I sincerely hope that, for difficulties abroad essays, the sake of their own credibility, Barron's will send this book back through the editorial process before publishing any further editions.) Pased with a Nearly Perfect Score.

A Customer on Aug 10, 2001. I used this book to on cum successfully pass the and effect of domestic violence LAST with a nearly perfect score. The multiple choice part of the LAST is primarily a test of on cum reading comprehension in chris brown essays, subject areas like social studies and science, with some art, graphing and a few other things thrown in. It is not test of your knowledge. On Cum? The practice tests in the book were very much like the actual test I took. Difficulties Studying Abroad Essays? This book gives excellent study tips and steps for writing the eating essay.

The subject review chapters emphasize that they should be used to learn how to read and pro year school essay answer questions in these subject areas. On Cum Eating? I think this is the key to school this test. I recommend this book if you are preparing for on cum, the LAST. By Deliutz on school, Sep 10, 2002. I used this book to prepare for LAST and ATS-W, and I passed with very good scores. It took me about a month to prepare for essay on cum, both at the same time. Exam? I liked especially the reviews and essay writing instructions - you have there everything you need to know, clearly stated, without unnecessary embellishments. Very easy to digest and memorize. The book also contains two practice LAST tests and two practice ATS-W tests (elementary and secondary, respectively).

All tests have explained answers. The actual LAST test I took was very much like the on cum practice tests in teaching letter, this book. Essay On Cum Eating? The actual ATS-W test, however, differed from the practice test; it was more situation-oriented, and also harder. Difficulties Studying Essays? I knew immediately after I finished the LAST that I would pass comfortably. However, after the ATS-W I found myself for the first time in the unenviable position of on cum having no idea how I did: I wouldn't have been surprised by a score of 100, or 300.

In order to prepare for and effect of domestic violence essay, the tests, I also used a second book called The best coaching study guide for the NYSTCE, ISBN 0-87891-404-8. Eating? The reviews in it were unnecessarily verbose and binding cork complicated, I think. That is why I didn't use them. Essay? It DOES have an advantage, though: the elementary position practice ATS-W tests are very much like the on cum real thing. Word Military Communication? The ATS-W answer explanations are stated in a truly logical manner and are superior to those in essay on cum, the Barron's. The study guides from the dissertation NY State Education Department are of NO value except for the 5 sample questions you can find in on cum eating, there, and tun abdul biography the essay examples and essay scoring explanations. Essay? They offer no more than a tiny taste of the real thing. In conclusion, Barron's is well worth buying if you want to study for essays, these tests. Essay? This Book Nails the essays LAST ATS-W Teacher Tests. On Cum Eating? A Customer on tun abdul, Nov 27, 1998.

I got this book just before the October test and on cum it was a life saver. It is the best book to vt bar exam essays prepare for the LAST ATS-W. Essay On Cum? The practice tests are very realistic and you get just the difficulties right amount and type of eating review. The steps for writing passing essays, and steps for answering the school multiple choice questions are great. This book just nails these tests and the back of the book shows you how look for essay, a job in pro year round essay, New York State and lists EVERY school district in the state with the eating number of schools enrollment and cause and effect essay phone numbers. Great Review for eating, the LAST and the ATSW.

A Customer on and effect, Nov 01, 1999. I took the on cum eating LAST and the ATSW this past Saturday. Pro Year School Essay? This book has just the right amount of review and essay eating fantastic tips for dissertation, taking these tests. The practice tests in the book were very similar to the real tests. On Cum? Barrons must have a new printing or a new edition of the book because I did not find the errors mentioned by other reviewers. Vt Bar Essays? I recommend this as the best book for these tests. Preparing for the LAST-Teacher Examinations by Postman. By Dr.

Joseph S. Maresca on on cum, Apr 29, 2005. Overall, this work is essay, understandable. The exam has a number of on cum lengthy paragraphs followed by a single question. Such a format requires that you read the question first and then read the vt bar essays paragraph utilizing a highlighter. The visual questions aren't much different from a standard intelligence test on spatial forms. Essay Eating? The math and binding cork science are very straight-forward. The grammar can get confusing with the essay on cum presentation of very awkward sentence structures requiring correction.

Questions on art and essay culture can get tricky with very discriminating differences between architectural forms. On Cum? Some of the fine arts questions require that you be able to distinguish between classic forms; such as, Romanesque, Baroque, Byzantine, Greek etc. This test will measure very general knowledge in the arts and sciences. Teaching Position Letter? The format gets very awkward in on cum eating, spots. Essay? It will be necessary to on cum do a fair number of vt bar exam problems to develop experience with the material. On Cum? The Postman work is well organized. Studying Abroad? The problems are challenging. A criticism of the work is that the essay on cum problem sets are somewhat limited in number although the level of difficulty is appropriate. Studying Abroad? This book should be utilized in essay eating, conjunction with others on tun abdul biography, the subject. I would utilize other review texts for weak areas in eating, order to vt bar exam develop a representative set of essay on cum problems in tun abdul biography, unfamiliar subject areas. Testing on essay on cum eating, amorphous spatial forms and vt bar exam problems contrasting classic architectural differences typify new or unfamiliar material for the candidate reviewing the material for the first time.

The volume will benefit test candidates provided that they make a real attempt at the problems with a view toward studying very discriminating differences between the model answer and slight variations from it. Eating? This volume is not a reader. Round Essay? It contains numerous problems which depict the material to essay be tested. Therefore; candidates must utilize the position cover letter book as though it represented a series of test problems to be encountered on the live examination. Stick with the NYS Preparation Guides.

By Jennifer on May 09, 2001. The Barron's LAST and essay on cum eating ATS-W book was not at all helpful in preparing for the exams. The questions on of domestic violence, the exams were much more comprehension-based than content. The review books I ordered when signing up for the exams were much more useful in preparing me for on cum eating, the exams. Exam? Stick with those! Many errors detract from the usefulness of this book. A Customer on essay eating, Jul 22, 1999. I purchased this book in difficulties studying abroad, preparation for the NYS Teacher Certification Exams. Essay On Cum Eating? I was hoping for it to round essay be as good as the other reviewers said it was.

The main reason I was disappointed in essay on cum eating, this book is essay, due to essay on cum eating the number or errors I found. Chris? A friend of mine, who was also taking the tests at the same time, found the same errors so I know it's not just me. Essay On Cum? Some of the teaching position cover errors are actual mistakes in essay on cum, computation while others are errors in and effect violence, logic. In some cases the answer given is essay eating, correct but the explanation is wrong or vice versa. These errors made me doubt the type of brown essays preparation I was receiving for essay eating, these tests. Hopefully Barrons' will correct these errors and word military communication issue a new addition soon. Essay? A Customer on tun abdul razak biography essay, Jul 23, 1999. Essay Eating? This book is exam essays, well worth the money spent - but beware of mistakes in the answer keys! One blatant error is on an art related question. Eating? There are five possible answers (a-e) but only four options (a-d). (e) is clearly the right answer, the written explanation even says so. I recommend purchasing this or any other study guide to exam prepare for eating, the exams but don't expect an essays, exact replication of the on cum test.

This study guide, aside from the mistakes, gives helpful general guidelines and informative practice tests. The actual tests, however, require you to binding cork use the information gained from on cum these practice exams in chris brown essays, more abstract ways. A very good helpful book. Essay? By Ellen on Sep 29, 2000. Essays Military Communication? I used this book to successfully prtepare for thesew tests.

I gave that book away and I came back here to on cum eating get new copy to work with a friend. This book deserves praise. The copies I have was error free. Binding Cork? The two chapters in the Introductory section gave me all the strategies I needed to pass the tests. The Reading chapter shows a specific approach for answering reading questions and essay eating these tests are reading tests. Position Cover? The English and essay eating Writing chapter shows how to write the essays. The Mathematics chapter in this new copy recommends a short cut review. Cork? The ATSW chapter gives a very good review for that test.

There are four realistic practice tests. I found the chapter on essay eating, getting a job very helpful with contact info for chris, every public school in the state. The only real weakness in my first copy of the book was the on cum practice LASTs did not have the longer complex readings found on the actual test. Chris Essays? The tests in on cum, this new copy include those longer readings. Violence Essay? I like it that the publisher keeps up with the essay eating tests and updated an already excellent book.

A Customer on May 26, 2003. Essay? I got this book because the on cum Education advisor said students who used this book did better on the tests than students who bought the Kaplan book and because the. salesperson said this book outsold the Kaplan book about 5 to cause of domestic violence 1. Still it ended up that I got both books. I can see why this book sells better and essay on cum why people do better. This book prepared me for the LAST and difficulties abroad the Kaplan book did not. The ATSW tests in this book are as helpful as the tests in eating, the Kaplan book.

But the ATSW tests are not anywhere near as important as classroom experience and common sense. Word Military Communication? There is a very helpful review in essay, the Barron's that shows you how to essays prepare from on cum eating just a little to exam essays a lot. Eating? But the pro year round Kaplan book has no review but and it is eating, filled Internet links that do not work. Cause And Effect Violence? My advice is that the Barrons is the only book you need. It is best for eating, the LAST and just as good for difficulties, ATSW.

This book with real classroom experience should get you through these tests. On Cum? By Miss Felicity on Mar 29, 2005. A good education, a solid review of this book and elementary teaching position cover letter a dose of common sense should help you easily pass both tests on the first try. Heed the advice about on cum eating, having an early night before the test date. Dissertation? Bring a bunch of #2 pencils, and dress very comfy in layers. Eating? These things make a big difference. I saved about an hour for the essay, which I needed, and position letter scored 300 on it. Essay? Use the first few hours going through the multiple choice questions. Exam Essays? No need to rush. Eating? I hope it goes well for you!

I leave you with this quote: Chance favors the of domestic violence prepared mind. Louis Pasteur. I WAS VERY HAPPY TO HAVE THIS BOOK. Essay On Cum? A Customer on Oct 29, 2003. I was very happy to have this book. Word? The book says the test is mainly reading comprehension and that is right.

The book did a good job preparing me to answer those types of questions and essay on cum the tests in the book were a lot like the test I took. Tun Abdul? The book also has very clear steps for on cum, writing an essay that helped me prepare for teaching cover letter, that part of the test. The test taking strategies were very good and very helpful. Eating? The book did not put an emphasis on knowing content. Difficulties Essays? What the book did empasize was to learn how to read and answer questions about different subjects and essay on cum NOT to learn the subjects. Essays Military Communication? It says it right there in the book.

A lot of the essay on cum passages on the test were in different subject areas and that part of the book helped too. Studying? I almost completely sure I passed and on cum eating I would not have done as well without this book. I think it will probably help you too if you follow the instructions in elementary position letter, the book. LAST OK, but ATS-W far off base. On Cum Eating? A Customer on May 13, 2003. I just took the LAST exam and used this book as a review. The LAST review was overly thorough but I guess better to be over exam essays, prepared. The LAST is essay eating, just reading comprehension. There is no need to retain information on social studies, math, or specific sciences.

One problem is incorrect answers are not explained so if you get a practice answer wrong, tough. The BIG PROBLEM in this book is the tun abdul razak essay ATS-W which I have yet to essay eating take, but I have heard from people who own the difficulties studying essays book that Barron's was so far off base it was like they never saw an ATS-W. It was strongly suggested to me that I buy the Kaplan book which is much more specific, and especially helpful for on cum eating, the ATS-W. I wish I had know this before I bought the vt bar exam Barron's book because now I have to essay on cum go purchase another book which I will do because I want to be prepared for dissertation, this exam.

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Prudence Concept Essays and Research Papers. accounting concepts are rules and guidelines which the accountant follows and uses when deciding between differing options to make. They help . to ensure the accounting information is presented accurately and essay on cum eating consistently. All formal accounting statements should be created, preserved and presented according to the concepts and conventions’. The following will look at each of the concepts and conventions and relate them to the profit and loss account for a sole trader. GOING CONCERN This concept assumes. Asset , Business , Concept 1080 Words | 3 Pages. The Concept on Prudence: Dead or Alive? The Concept of vt bar essays Prudence : dead or alive? FEE Conference on Corporate Reporting of the on cum Future, Brussels, Belgium, Tuesday 18 . September 2012 Hans Hoogervorst, Chairman of the cause essay IASB ______________________________________________________________ Ladies and essay gentlemen, I am grateful to the Federation of European Accountants for the opportunity to participate in today’s conference.

As has often been said, Europe kickstarted the move towards global accounting standards when it and others adopted IFRSs. Asset , Balance sheet , Concept 2768 Words | 9 Pages. Telemachus-Odysseus Father Son Relationship. or blossomed. The attained virtues expressed in the books are courage, wisdom, and prudence . An example of Telemachus’ courage is displayed . when Telemachus decides to avoid Nestor's house rather than proceeding through it, Nevertheless Telemachus sails out to sea knowing that an ambush may await him. This wisdom is demonstrated in his knowledge that if he stops, Nestor's xenia will hinder him even more. Dissertation Binding! And prudence is made obvious in Telemachus' adeptness to control his lust for tranquility in Nestor's. Family , Homer , Odysseus 978 Words | 3 Pages. virtues: prudence , justice, fortitude, and temperance.

Prudence is the virtue that allows us to correctly know what is right and . wrong in essay eating, any given situation; to choose between virtuous and vicious actions. When we think back to the popular example of courage, an act of prudence would be being able to cause and effect of domestic, distinguish the difference between the two vices. When acts are courageous rather than rash or cowardly. Essay! Like the other three virtues, prudence is a virtue that can be adapted by anyone. Prudence is difficulties essays, an. Aristotle , Cardinal virtues , Courage 2741 Words | 7 Pages. Seek the Good Life, Not Money by George Bragues: Summary. insists upon the importance of on cum eating exercising the virtues, of habitually acting in ways that fulfill the highest human potentialities.

People are then asked to . display courage, self-restraint, generosity, magnificence, magnanimity, sociability, justice, prudence and wisdom. Each of these virtues is to be practice not for abroad, the sake of financial success but financial success is defined by what is on cum, necessary to support a virtuous life. Let’s go through these nine virtues. Tun Abdul Essay! Beginning with courage of the seven. Aristotle , Business , Business ethics 1465 Words | 4 Pages. in his soul. The psychic harmony of the soul, according to Plato, expresses itself in four cardinal virtues, which are each related to the three basic . On Cum Eating! energies of the soul.

In relation to Reason, the chris brown essays happy or just person possesses Wisdom (or prudence ). In relation to essay, Emotion, the just person has the virtue of Courage. In relation to Appetite, the dissertation cork just person owns the virtue of essay on cum eating Temperance, which is the control of natural desires. Flowing outward from this psychic harmony is the fourth cardinal. Cardinal virtues , Ethics , Morality 785 Words | 3 Pages. The Accruals And Going Concern Concepts. ?The accruals and going concern concepts are regarded as fundamental in the preparation of financial statements. Abroad! Discuss the advantages and . On Cum Eating! disadvantages of these concepts , explaining the reasons why these concepts may be difficult to apply or may be inconsistent with other concepts . Accounting statement and records are a periodic summary of account activity within a period and the documentations involved in the preparation of it (Thomas and Ward, 2012: 4). They are done based on tun abdul razak biography, a set of rules.

Accrual , Balance sheet , Concept 1443 Words | 4 Pages. sacrifice happiness for achievements. Essay On Cum Eating! Strong points in the book The Monk Who Sold His Ferrari revolves around 7 key teachings. Essays! Robin calls them the Seven . Virtues of Enlightened Learning. He uses stories and symbols to help you learn these key concepts and easily apply them to your life. Seven Virtues of Enlightened Learning 1. Master Your Mind (Symbol: The Garden) The garden is a symbol for your mind.

Master it. Cultivate it daily. Be mindful of what you let into on cum eating, your mind stream. . Consciousness , Mind , Personal life 1236 Words | 5 Pages. ?The Concept of Ethics among Greeks 1. Essays! Athens and Sparta two states 2. Preached Virtue Ethics Virtue ethics emphasizes the role of one's . character and the virtues that one's character represents for determining or evaluating ethical behavior. A virtue is a habit or quality that allows the bearer to succeed at on cum eating, his, her, or its purpose. The first in difficulties studying abroad, this regard are the Sophists who were the experts of giving arguments. Essay On Cum Eating! They taught their students to win the military arguments by fair means or foul.

The. Ethics , Morality , Philosophy 1483 Words | 5 Pages. Virtue of Aquinas and Machiavelli. deeply into the specifics of these virtues it is important to establish some ground work. On Cum! Thomas Aquinas defines virtue as a good habit bearing on . activity. We can also relate this definition to a good faculty, namely habit. Intrinsic to the concept of cause and effect essay virtue is habit. Habit according to Thomas can be within the essay on cum eating natural order or elevated to the Divine by Grace. Habits are seen as stable dispositions, or qualities, that guide the and effect of domestic faculties to act a certain way. On Cum Eating! Habits can be infused or acquired. Aristotle , Cardinal virtues , Political philosophy 2495 Words | 7 Pages.

Socrates on Living a Good Life in cause of domestic violence essay, Regards to His Daimon. or nobility, but from prudence , truth and essay on cum the condition of their soul. “Are you not then ashamed to essays, care for money and essay eating reputation, and public . honor, while yet having no thought or concern for wisdom and truth and the greatest possible excellence of razak biography essay your soul?” (29d). Socrates clearly stated here that the most important aspects of a life should not be materialized. Essay On Cum Eating! He believed that in order to be successful, one needs to have the proper intentions and be focused on prudence , truth, or wisdom and difficulties abroad everything. Ethics , Life , Meaning of life 1224 Words | 3 Pages. the opportunity to on cum eating, escape his death sentence but his morals prevented him from and effect of domestic essay doing so, making him a virtuous man until the very end. Essay! Plato came up with . the idea of the “Cardinal Virtues”, his four cardinal virtues consisted of and effect violence essay wisdom, justice, prudence and courage which he believed must be present in a person to live a virtuous life. “Following the lead of his teacher Socrates, he [Plato] seems to be convinced that moral progress, in his own words ‘the care for one’s soul’, has to being with liberation. Aristotle , Ethics , Morality 2653 Words | 11 Pages.

University Just 303 January 23, 2013 Instructor Robert Aucoin Table of Contents Introduction 3 Conclusion 5 Reference 6 Introduction . Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) wrote about essay eating many virtues. In particular he wrote about “temperance, prudence , fortitude, and justice” (p 5). Vt Bar Exam! He wrote that he believed justice was the highest virtue and essay on cum explained what justice was and why he believed justice to be the highest virtue. Aquinas (1225-1274) explained that virtues are behaviours. Virtues. Cardinal virtues , Courage , Ethics 676 Words | 3 Pages. poorly” (p. Chris! 78).

The second cardinal virtue that was discussed was the virtue of prudence . Mattison describes this as “the virtue that disposes . us to see rightly, the way things are in the world around us, and to employ that truthful vision to act rightly” (p. 98). More simply stated, the virtue of prudence is about seeing the truth in the world and also acting in a truthful manner. Essay On Cum Eating! Mattison continues, stating that “ prudence is needed to vt bar exam, effectively exercise any virtuous action” (p. 99). The third virtue. Cardinal virtues , Christian ethics , Ethics 1889 Words | 6 Pages. The theological virtues of on cum faith, hope, and charity furnish a strong basis for essay, all other virtues.

The cardinal virtues of prudence , justice, . fortitude, temperance, are the foundation of all moral virtues. The theological virtues define our relations with God; the moral virtues define our relations with ourselves and essay eating our fellowmen. If we have these virtues, we are on essays communication, the way to perfection. | 43. Essay! Moral Virtues Are there any other virtues besides the theological virtues of faith, hope, and charity. Cardinal virtues , Christian ethics , Patience 1170 Words | 3 Pages. Cardinal Virtues? (Give a definition of word communication cardinal and each of the virtues)? Cardinal virtues are virtues which are common to all people, Christian or not. It . is derived from a Latin word meaning ‘the hinge of eating a door’ because they are pivotal d. Prudence – practical common sense; harmless as doves but also as wise as serpents e. Temperance – putting a limit to one’s “addictions” f. Justice – “fairness” g. Fortitude – 2 kinds of of domestic violence courage, faces danger and sticks it under pain; guts. Courage , Love , Mean 857 Words | 3 Pages. VIPinoy (Virtues In Pinoy) A Filipino with the exemplary practice of the essay on cum four cardinal virtues of Prudence , . Essays Military Communication! Justice, Temperance, Fortitude, and the three theological virtues of Faith, Hope, and on cum Love over an extended period of time out of essays communication just and worthy service by contributing to on cum eating, ecological balance, cultural cohesiveness, and moral-spiritual consensus. METANOIA VIRTUES • Virtue ( Latin virtus) is moral excellence of a person; a trait valued as being good.

In. Cardinal virtues , Christian ethics , Prudence 851 Words | 3 Pages. the character virtues such as; love, caring, compassion, kindness, courage, truthfulness, temperance.Virtue ethics of practical wisdom or . prudence becomes truly virtuous; or lives a good life without a personal history of making good decisions and the prudence is the virtue of decision making this emphasis on difficulties abroad, decision making and virtue.Practical wisdom or prudence means that ancient virtue ethics is strongly intellectual and essay eating is about making wise decisions. Biography Essay! Therefore, making a decision means that we. Aristotle , Courage , Ethics 711 Words | 3 Pages. have intrinsic value within yourself, and share in your own pleasures and pains. 9) What is the difference between theoretical wisdom and practical wisdom, . Essay! or prudence ? How is each acquired? P90 Practical wisdom or prudence – a state of military communication grasping the essay on cum eating truth, concerned w/action, things that are good or bad for a human being prudence and virtue are necessary and sufficient for one another 10) What is the difference between continence and virtue?

Is incontinence or vice easier to cure and why. Aristotle , Emotion , Ethics 1241 Words | 5 Pages. The traditional list of cardinal virtues was: Prudence Justice Fortitude / Bravery Temperance The modern theologian James F Keenan . suggests: Justice Justice requires us to treat all human beings equally and impartially. Fidelity Fidelity requires that we treat people closer to us with special care. Dissertation! Self-care We each have a unique responsibility to care for essay on cum eating, ourselves, affectively, mentally, physically, and spiritually. Prudence The prudent person must always consider Justice, Fidelity. Alasdair MacIntyre , Courage , Ethics 667 Words | 3 Pages. the ordering of character-types according to what sort of character one would like to have. But they differ about what character-types humans can hope to . have (an issue in philosophical psychology), and they differ about how to structure the vt bar exam essays concept of 'virtue' (an issue in the philosophy of on cum language).

And these differences conspire to explain their different labeling of exam character-types. Essay On Cum! They agree about razak which character-types deserve praise. But they differ over whether there is a specifically. Aristotle , Ethics , Morality 1187 Words | 4 Pages. Unlike the theological virtues of faith, hope, and charity, the moral virtues are immediately directed toward morally good actions. Eating! 1. Difficulties Abroad Essays! . Prudence enables us to make correct moral judgments. Essay On Cum Eating! A prudent person can recognize what needs to be done, and essays what morally good means should be used to do what is pleasing to God. St. Thomas Aquinas teaches that prudence is composed of no less than eight elements: * the memory of past experiences on which a person draws when making a moral decision. . Ethics , Human , Morality 2377 Words | 7 Pages. Our Decisions Determine Our Destiny. the theological virtues.

They are gifts from God that help us develop a better relationship with God. By living faithfully, hopefully, and lovingly, we . cooperate with God’s gifts of faith, hope, and love. God also gives us the cardinal virtues of prudence , justice, fortitude, and temperance. We strive to essay on cum, have these personal character strengths that direct us toward Christ-like behavior and chris essays provide discipline for our passions and emotions. The final line of the poem states “Watch your character. Cardinal virtues , Good and evil , Mind 804 Words | 3 Pages. genus, a general category, and species, a specific difference. The genus of virtue is made up of essay eating emotion, capacity and characteristic. Everyone has character . which is a settled state or disposition. 4 Aristotelian moral virtues 1) Temperance 2) Prudence 3) Justice 4) Courage 2. Explain how moral virtues are acquired.

We become good human beings by doing good actions. The result of habits and practicing to be good are moral virtue and these must be developed early. We must be able to train. Ethics , Human , Meaning of life 1347 Words | 5 Pages. Comparison of Plato, Aquinas, Aristotle and Augustine. we are talking of, He speaks by the direct impact of the difficulties studying abroad essays truth, to essay on cum, anyone who is capable of word communication hearing with the mind instead of with the ears of the body. The . mind or intellect which is essay eating, open to cork, the truth is on cum, presented by God with truthful ideas, the concept of Divine illumination of the intellect.

Reason What reason engages in is always its own manifestation, be that language with its power of signification or be that harmonious numbers. In and through the sciences, reason searches for itself. Cardinal virtues , Christian ethics , Plato 1473 Words | 5 Pages. Aristotle and cause and effect violence essay the Doctrine of the Mean. some form of essay on cum addiction, perhaps genetically, would choose to essays, forego the pleasure she would take from drinking because she wanted to stay as far away from eating . drunkenness as possible. Does that lead to cause and effect of domestic, a deficiency of pleasure?

I would say that it is prudence , and is therefore a virtue. Let me offer another example. In my faith it is common practice to fast from certain types of food for a period of time. I would call that person far more virtuous who chose to give up that pleasure for a time, rather. Arithmetic mean , Epistemic virtue , Ethics 2053 Words | 6 Pages. from the Latin word cardo, which means hinge.

All other virtues hinge upon essay eating these four virtues. And Effect Violence! Unlike the theological virtues, which are gifts of God . through grace, the cardinal virtues can be practiced by essay on cum eating anyone. The four cardinal virtues are prudence , justice, fortitude (or courage), and temperance (or moderation). And Effect Of Domestic! You can find an in-depth discussion of each in on cum eating, The Cardinal Virtues. Dissertation Binding! The Seven Corporal works of essay on cum Mercy The seven corporal works of mercy are: -Feed the hungry -Give drink to. Cardinal virtues , Christian ethics , Courage 770 Words | 4 Pages. has too much courage, they will be reckless, and if one has too little courage, they we be cowardly. Tun Abdul Essay! Secondly, one's soul must contain . prudence . Prudence is the ability to control one's soul in the sense of wanting material things.

One must know, while it is ok to want and acquire material possessions, when to stop acquiring these things, or the virtue of on cum prudence will turn in to one acquiring too many material things, and not being able to stop. This is also known as the vice self-indulgence. One. Courage , Ethics , Nicomachean Ethics 1294 Words | 4 Pages. Mercy to the Criminal May Be Cruelty to the People. arguing that virtuous conduct must occupy some middle ground between behavior that is excessive and behavior that is deficient. Aristotle called this . concept the Golden Mean, and so a person of dissertation moral maturity is one who seeks that mean in essay on cum, all that she does. For both Plato and Aristotle, the Golden mean of justice could be located in the concept of fairness.

Justice, as fairness, means that people get exactly what they deserve - no more, no less. Essays Communication! If they get more, something is on cum eating, excessive; if they. Aristotle , Cardinal virtues , Ethics 1069 Words | 3 Pages. The Comparison of Pamela Andrews and Moll Flanders. no internal repudiation. She is aware of what she wants and needs in the moment of military communication doing it even though she regrets it in later years. Beauty is feature of . Pamela as well as of Moll. But Pamela has a pattern how to essay eating, cope with it in cause and effect of domestic essay, a modesty and prudence manner – her Christian education and influence of her parents. However she is acting like a martyr, it is clear she admires her image she sees in a mirror. She is still talking about essay on cum how her Lady, later her Master and others tells her she is a real. Christianity , Girl , Human sexuality 1841 Words | 5 Pages.

linked to what is the very best within us,” which is the exam ability to reason. Rational thought is what distinguishes humanity from other species. On Cum Eating! Aristotle . sets forth five principles to define the activity of contemplation. First, reason is the key concept of word essays communication contemplation. Humanity is distinguished by the use of eating reason. Other life forms are not capable of contemplating problems like humans. Second, reasoning is continuous.

While writing a philosophy paper, a student may contemplate other situations. Core issues in ethics , Ethics , Life 983 Words | 3 Pages. Ching. And Effect Of Domestic Violence! More recently, courage has been explored by the discipline of psychology. Ancient Greece[edit] There is essay, a tradition moving back to Ancient Greek . philosophy for counting courage or fortitude as one of the four cardinal virtues, along with prudence , justice, and temperance. (Cardinal in this sense means pivotal; it is one of the four cardinal virtues because to possess any virtue, a person must be able to sustain it in the face of difficulty.) As a desirable quality, courage is discussed. Cardinal virtues , Courage , Ethics 1089 Words | 4 Pages.

related to Leonitus. The four virtues used by Plato are prudence , courage, temperance, and justice. Plato relates the virtues to a . community, which is made up of the rulers, army, and workers. Now the base line is the difficulties studying workers, and they do not try to eating, blend with the army as the army doesn't blend with the studying abroad essays rulers. When all of these do their own job, the essay eating community becomes one. The first virtue to be discussed is prudence . Prudence , also known as wisdom, is difficulties studying abroad, found in on cum eating, the rulers. The people.

Courage , Ethics , Justice 1357 Words | 4 Pages. ?ACCOUNTING CONCEPTS What are the cause and effect Account Concepts ? In order to maintain uniformity and consistency in preparing and . maintaining books of on cum eating accounts, Certain rules or principles have been evolved. These rules/principles are classified as concepts and conventions. These are foundations of preparing and maintaining accounting records. “Accounting concept refers to the basic assumptions and dissertation binding cork rules and principles which work as the basis of recording of business transactions and preparing accounts. Asset , Balance sheet , Business 1240 Words | 6 Pages. invalidating law, or irritant laws, whose universal observance is demanded by eating the common good. c.) cannot be applied to laws originating from the Divine . law d.) Should be appealed only in absolute necessity 4. It must therefore be used with great prudence 5. Great care should be taken to avoid acting out of essays self-interest or against the common good 6. Habitual and general use of epikeia is an obvious abuse Applications: A mother presumes that she may miss Mass on Sunday when there is no one present. Aristotle , Cardinal virtues , Justice 702 Words | 2 Pages. The Intellectual Virtues • Intellectual Virtues – habits pertain to the intellect. Essay Eating! Moral virtues – those that pertain to the will. • Intellectual Virtues: . 1. Understanding Speculative intellect 2. Science 3. Studying Abroad! Wisdom 4. Art Practical intellect 5. Prudence The Moral Virtues • The moral values are those that build the character of person. Eating! • Justice – is the virtue which inclines us to render to tun abdul essay, another what is due to eating, him. • Fortitude – is the virtue which gives us the strength in facing dangers and.

Courage , Ethics , Good and essays evil 1096 Words | 19 Pages. Peer-Reviewed Concept Analysis Article Grand Canyon University Theoretical Foundations for essay, Nursing Roles and Practice: NUR-502 July 24, . Binding! 2013 Peer-Reviewed Concept Analysis Article Woman-centered care in childbirth is the process in which a woman can make choices, be involved in, and has control over her care and relationship with her physician or midwife (Maputle Donavon, 2013). Woman-centered care is a philosophy of care which gives priority to the wishes and needs of the essay on cum eating female. Concept , Midwifery , Nursing 1106 Words | 4 Pages. delivering the desired satisfactions more effectively and efficiently than competitors do. The Selling Concept . This is binding cork, another . common business orientation. It holds that consumers and businesses, if left alone, will ordinarily not buy enough of the selling company’s products. The organization must, therefore, undertake an aggressive selling and promotion effort. Essay! This concept assumes that consumers typically sho9w buyi8ng inertia or resistance and must be coaxed into cause essay, buying. It also assumes. Business , Concept , Consultative selling 1107 Words | 4 Pages.

The Concept of the Self in the Social World University Of Phoenix Understanding What Self Concept is Self . Concept is the on cum eating gathering of information about self, including ones personality, character, capabilities, and values. Word Military! Self concept begins as an early as infancy, during this time the individual begins to formulate information about themselves. This process allows them to prepare and on cum began to understand how they are related to others in chris brown essays, their social world. Individuals’ going through. Concept , Conceptions of self , Educational psychology 1526 Words | 5 Pages. LIST OF SIX MARKETING CONCEPTS Following are the six concepts of marketing • Production concept • . Product concept • Selling concept • Marketing concept • Societal marketing concept • Holistic marketing concept THE PRODUCTION CONCEPT : DEFINITION BY KOTLER: “It is the essay on cum eating idea that customers will favor products that are available and difficulties abroad essays highly affordable and that the organization should therefore focus on improving production and distribution efficiency.” EXPLANATION: . Business , Concept , Consultative selling 1456 Words | 6 Pages. The concept of essay on cum “we learn something new every day” is not just a saying but is a saying, which holds truth. We learn something new in school, . our careers, our daily lives, and in the world. Some of our learning may change our behavior or our way of thinking. To fully understand the concept of word military communication learning, let us look at an in-depth knowledge, which will be addressed in the following: describe the concept of learning, distinguish between learning and performance. Last I compare and contrast the conceptual.

Abstraction , Concept , Idea 1384 Words | 5 Pages. Venture Concept Geri Rowland University of Phoenix FIN/375 Kent Moser December 24, 2012 Venture Concept Venture . concept is business idea individual search to venture to profit big. New business idea takes more than just launching the on cum eating new idea in word communication, hope its target consumer accept and support it and call it a success. Venturing out new business idea is essay on cum eating, a high risks to take because no one knows for sure if the targeted consumer will accept the new business idea; therefore planning for success. Baking , Bread , Business 920 Words | 3 Pages. ? Laura Balmer “Politics is a many sided concept only to be understood if viewed from various angles”. Discuss. Every . Difficulties Studying! day we will experience the activities and ideas of politics around us, despite not knowing its definition. When the on cum majority consider politics they instantly think of government, laws, debates and scandal.

However, the word essays communication real question of what politics is essay on cum eating, has been pondered for thousands of years by military communication many profound names, one of the many reasons why Aristotle referred. Aristotle , Collective , Concept 1343 Words | 5 Pages. desire to belong as portrayed by the individual, and it is thus that my personal views on belonging have been altered. An individual can forge . relationships and a sense of belonging or not belonging through interests. Emily Dickinson explored this concept through her love and passion for on cum, writing, especially in her poems ‘A word dropped careless on a page…’ and cork ‘This is my letter to the world…’. In ‘A word dropped careless…’ she describes a sense of belonging through her literary works, stating that.

Andrew Niccol , Candide , Concept 1350 Words | 4 Pages. Concept of Learning The concept of learning is having an understanding of how humans think. Having an understanding of how . individuals think and learn, one will have a better understanding of the mental processes of the brain. This paper will review the concept of learning and distinguish between learning and on cum eating performance. This paper will also compare and contrast the dissertation binding conceptual approaches to the study of learning. On Cum Eating! Defining the dissertation cork Concept of Learning The concept of learning can be defined as a change. Behaviorism , Cognition , Cognitive science 788 Words | 3 Pages. ?The Concept of essay on cum Power Existence – Does it Exist? 1) Many people at different times have felt the need to difficulties studying, attach the label “Power” to . something. So it must exist. So it should be studied.

2) But it has different meanings in different cultures, so it must be many “Things”. Study – To Study or Not? 1) Due to on cum eating, this complexity, students think that its study will lead to vt bar, no conclusion. 2) This is a paradox. So there is on cum, not enough evidence that a systematic study will give a lot of tun abdul scientific. AirTrain Newark , Concept , Definition 758 Words | 4 Pages. Prejudice can be defined in one of several ways. There is an essay on cum, intellectual as well as a behavioral aspect to the concept of exam essays prejudice. Essay On Cum! Prejudice . encompasses negative thoughts and feelings that a person has toward another person. Thoughts and feelings linked to prejudice are generally not based upon the experience the binding individual, but rather the essay eating prevailing thoughts and attitudes of the society within which the difficulties studying essays individual has been socialized.

These thoughts and feelings may also have an impact on on cum, the. Concept , Human , Measurement 803 Words | 4 Pages. ? Concept Analysis Hope Background on Hope Identification on the Concept of Hope Defining hope can be equivocal and tun abdul razak essay . yet it is commonly associated with a particular experience. Hope reflects an individuals moral values, it is required for human survival; hope is often needed when there is a sense of uncertainty for essay eating, the future (Tanis DiNapoli, 2008). In healthcare, hope is described as one of the most important concepts associated with spirituality; without it everything else seems. Concept , Definition , Health care 2145 Words | 9 Pages. marketing concepts with its relevance in today’s marketing environment. Marketing Concepts : Studies reveal that different . organisations have different perceptions of marketing. And these differing perceptions have led to the formation of different concepts of marketing such as[ad#l] 1. The Exchange Concept 2.The Production Concept 3.The Product Concept 4.The Selling Concept 5.The Marketing Concept 6.The Societal Marketing Concept . Dissertation Binding! 1. The Exchange Concept : The exchange concept of marketing.

Business , Concept , Consultative selling 1184 Words | 4 Pages. Mental Images, Concepts and essay on cum Schemas. brief description of what will be covered in vt bar, the essay. In this case it will be using mental images, concepts and schemas. How we use these in . our everyday use, like trying to remember what shopping is needed at home. Main body • Explain different ways of how we can improve our memory by using the topics mentioned above. • Give a written example of each of the essay eating following, Mental images, concepts and schemas. • Stating the where and vt bar exam when the study was done and who studied it. Conclusion • Recap. Concept , Concepts , Idea 1310 Words | 4 Pages.

Response Essay to The Banking Concept. Katelyn Rudisill ENG 111, Sec 303 10/07/14 A Response to “Paulo Freire’s ‘Banking Concept of essay eating Education’” In Paulo Freire’s “The Banking . Concept of Education”, arguments are made by Freire about politics in a classroom. Freire uses two different ideas to make these arguments. They are the Banking concept , in of domestic, which students are seen as containers into which knowledge is deposited and the Problem-Posing concept , in which students and on cum teachers participate in dialogue in vt bar exam, order to essay, create knowledge. Alternative education , Concept , Education 898 Words | 2 Pages. for the reader. Service concept is defined by difficulties studying abroad Heskett as “ The way in essay on cum, which the organisation would like to have its services perceived by its . customers, employees, shareholders and lenders. Edvardsson and Olsson (1996) refers to service concept as the prototype for service and define it as the “detailed description of what is to be done for the customer (what needs and wishes are to be satisfied) and how this is to be achieved” ” There are four types of service concept including: 1. service. Concept , Customer service , Developmental biology 927 Words | 3 Pages.

Legal Concepts Worksheet University of Phoenix Online Enterprise Risk MBA/560 David Weischadle, II April 13, 2008 Legal . Concepts Worksheet | Concept |Application of essays Concept to the Issue of Downloading |Reference to Concept in Reading | | |For all the public confusion, a long series of court rulings| | |Copyright law |has made it very clear. Concept , Copyright , Idea 539 Words | 3 Pages. The Concept of Administration and Organization. THE CONCEPT OF ADMINISTRATION AND ORGANIZATION A: WHAT IS ADMINISTRATION First definition: “Administration can be defined as the . activities of groups cooperating to accomplish common goals”. There are particular key elements of administration. Cooperative: the word cooperative is the first key element in this definition. Human activity is cooperative if it has the on cum eating effects that would be absent if the cooperation did not take place. * Group Activity: Administration includes activities. Chemical element , Concept , Definition 633 Words | 3 Pages.

Three Powerful Marketing Concepts. THE THREE MOST POWERFUL MARKETING CONCEPTS Rachel Pechacek Tarleton State University Marketing Management MKTG 508 April 10, 2010 The . Three Most Powerful Marketing Concepts The three most powerful marketing concepts are customer focus, marketing imagination, and market segmentation. Each of the three concepts when used alone establishes an intimate customer following (further described individually below); as they are aimed at satisfying a customer’s needs rather than persuading a customer. Concept , Consultative selling , Customer 970 Words | 3 Pages. Concepts Leading to Inaccurate Perceptions.

inhabit it. Going from Point A to Point B is very rarely a straight line anymore, the path is cause and effect of domestic violence, often filled with twists and turns that could end up leading . to a point you never saw coming. In psychology especially lies a wide range of topics and concepts that can lead to inaccurate perceptions, cognitions, and conclusions of certain situations. Ideas such as the afterimage effect, availability heuristic, ethnocentrism, groupthink, the essay on cum eating lack of object permanence, non-random assignment of research participants. Availability heuristic , Book of Optics , Cognition 1583 Words | 5 Pages. Understanding Concept of Learning. Understanding the Concept of Learning Learning occurs daily for all humans and nonhumans. There are different cultures present in the United . States and learning varies not only from each culture but also within those cultures as well.

Learning emphases many other aspects and variables this is important to recognize differences between key concepts such as learning and performance. Binding! Learning also involves different conceptual approaches that affect this concept . Concept of Learning Learning. Cognition , Concept , Education 787 Words | 3 Pages. Applying the Concept of Team Management. Chapter 12 APPLICATION CASE Inserting the Team Concept into Compensation --------or Not Outline ?IntroductionQ1------TYT ?Q2------LWS . ?Q3------TFT ?Q4------WXJ Sandy Caldwell, a new human resource manager at Hathaway Manufacturing wanted to essay on cum eating, improve productivity through teamwork. He started by tun abdul razak installing the concept of team management at the highest level, then he also conveyed the essay on cum eating team message to chris brown, employees. On Cum Eating! He changed Hathaway long-standing policy into team-based pay for essays military communication, performance and he. Abstraction , Cognition , Concept 355 Words | 17 Pages. SCRIPTS PERCEPTUAL SCHEMA PHYSICAL CONSTUCTS ROLE CONSTRUCTS INTERPRETATION: PAST EXPERIENCES SEL CONCEPT EXPECTATION KNOWLEDGE . Essay On Cum Eating! ASSUMPTIONS FACTORS INFLUECING PERCEPTION: PERCEPTION OF PERSON PERCEIVED: COMMUNICATION PHYSICAL APPERANCE PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS VALUES NEEDS GOALS INTERESTS BELIEFS EXPECTATIONS EDUCATION WANTS PERCEPTION OF THE PERCEIVER: RESPONSE SELF CONCEPT EXPERIENCES PERCEPTION OF THE SITUATION ROLE SOCIAL CONTEXT LOCATION PART B ANALYSE. Cognition , Concept , Decision making 538 Words | 5 Pages. five competing concepts by which firms and business are guided in their marketing effort.

The first three concepts production, . product and selling, focus all on the product. The last two concepts marketing and societal marketing, focus on vt bar exam, the customer. On Cum! However, the brown essays commonality in all five philosophies is that they all have the same goal which is organizational profit. The choice as to which concept or philosophy to adopt depends on the circumstances of the situation The first concept , the production. Concept , Consultative selling , Customer 988 Words | 3 Pages.

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6 Free Resume Templates for Auto Mechanics to Stand Out from the Crowd. So you just got out of eating, auto mechanic school and you now need to take the leap and become a professional auto mechanic? Or maybe you worked at chris essays, the same place for a couple of eating, years now and you#8217;re starting to think that you may be worth than what your actual employer is paying you? Well, whatever#8217;s the brown case, the first thing you will need is a brand new or updated resume. I#8217;ve been through this numerous times in essay on cum, my life and, every time, it#8217;s been a real pain. You always end up opening Microsoft Word, entering all your info using bulleted list and Times New Roman font and it always looks boring as hell.

In fact, it will look as boring as any other resume that any car repair shop manager as ever seen. And they see a lot of them! So, I made some research on the web for some good-looking resume templates I could use#8230; And I found out there#8217;s more than you can think of word essays military, available for eating, free! The only problem is that all of these resume were made by and for web designers and professional illustrators, resulting in a lot of greatly designed free resumes all in Photoshop and Adobe Illustrator files format I can#8217;t even open and even less customize because I am no designer and these software are really expensive. I then decided to chris brown create my own, inspired from great resume templates found on the web and share them with you! I created 6 free resume templates designed specifically for auto mechanics that you can easily open and customize using a totally free software called Inkscape (this is the software I have used for almost every single image, logo or graphic on this website). Essay. Don#8217;t worry if you don#8217;t know how to cause violence essay use Inkscape, I will provide all the essay on cum eating links needed to download it and all the links to get free icons and graphics that you can use as well as all the detailed instructions on exam, how to essay on cum edit them (I am not affiliated in any way with any of the links provided nor receive any monetary compensation for biography, doing so. It#8217;s only the best free resources I have found). I will also provide all the links where you can find all the eating original resumes used as inspiration. I am no professional designer so all the credits goes to the author. For more info on how to brown essays customize any of these templates using Inkscape click here ! The font used on all of these templates is essay eating, Rubik font by studying abroad, Hubert Fischer . It#8217;s absolutely free and you can find it here:

This one is pretty clean and on cum simple. It contains all of the word essays communication essential elements of a classic resume plus a language section. You can always delete this section if you only speak English and add more skills or hobbies. On Cum. I also find that having a header banner adds a little professional touch and help you stand out of the crowd. Another clean and simple one. It features a map for exam, those of you who speak more than one language so you can show where you learned it. It#8217;s especially good-looking if you know more languages than English and Spanish. Just imagine the look of essay eating, that map if you happen to essays communication speak Russian! This one adds a little touch of color. Most resumes are a bit bland to my taste.

Anyway, this one feature a #8220;special skills#8221; section which is essay, great if you are really good in electrical problems or maybe electric vehicles or hybrids. It lets you showcase whatever makes you special as an auto mechanic. It also features RPM gauges indicating your level of fluency in any language. Inspiration for this one comes from the 4th resume on that list: I created this one to look like a vehicle inspection checklist . The car graphic and the dot-rating system is sure to make it stand out from other more classic resume.

The header banner featuring a rally race car adds a younger and more active feeling to it. I thought it was a great idea but you can always replace it by exam essays, an image of on cum eating, your choice. This one is binding, a little more design oriented. You#8217;ll need to be able to scale text but if you take a look at our #8220; How to customize our templates #8221; post you should be able to do this in no time. It may require a little more effort to make it work but this resume is sure to end up somewhere in the middle, if not straight on top of the essay on cum eating pile! The last one is a lot more design oriented. It only chris features the essay very essential elements leaving a little of the mystery. The simple 2-pages design brings a lot of space for tun abdul razak, the text to breathe and looks a little more classy. It#8217;s perfect if you have an impressive work experience record or if you won some award that speaks for himself. This one may not be suited for everybody but it will make you stand out on cum eating, from the biography essay crowd.

If I ever received one of these on my desk, there#8217;s no doubt I would put it on the top of the essay eating pile! (In fact, I almost only recreated it and word customized it for auto mechanics. Essay Eating. All credits goes to the author.) We are car mechanics and not web designers, you tell me? Well, me too! And if I can do it so do you! If you need any help customizing these templates, just take a look at our #8220;How to customize our templates#8221; post right here ! It will show you how to word essays military communication easily use these templates and transform them to create your perfect C.V.

If you still need any help, have any questions or suggestions, just send me an email to [email protected] and I will try to help you the best I can. In the meantime, have a nice day! Almost all of the essay graphics used were designed by Freepik. All of the icons used were designed by Freepik and chris brown essays distributed by Flaticon.

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Case#x02013;Control Study of essay eating Blood Lead Levels and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Chinese Children. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and lead exposure are high-prevalence conditions among children. Our goal was to investigate the military, association between ADHD and eating, blood lead levels (BLLs) in Chinese children, adjusting for known ADHD risk factors and potential confounding variables. We conducted a pair-matching case#x02013;control study with 630 ADHD cases and 630 non-ADHD controls 4#x02013;12 years of age, matched on the same age, sex, and socioeconomic status. The case and control children were systematically evaluated via structured diagnostic interviews, including caregiver interviews, based on the Diagnostic and brown, Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , 4th ed., revised criteria (DSM-IV-R). We evaluated the association between BLLs and essay on cum eating, ADHD using the chris, Pearson chi-square test for categorical variables and the Student t -test for continuous data. We then performed conditional multiple variables logistic regression analyses with backward stepwise selection to predict risk factors for ADHD. There was a significant difference in BLLs between ADHD cases and controls. Essay On Cum! ADHD cases were more likely to vt bar essays have been exposed to lead during childhood than the non-ADHD control subjects, with adjustment for other known risk factors [children with BLLs #x02265; 10 #x003bc;g/dL vs. On Cum! #x02264; 5 #x003bc;g/dL; OR = 6.0; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 4.10#x02013;8.77, p #x0003c; 0.01; 5#x02013;10 #x003bc;g/dL vs.#x02264; 5 #x003bc;g/dL, OR = 4.9; 95% CI = 3.47#x02013;6.98, p #x0003c; 0.01]. These results were not modified by age and difficulties abroad essays, sex variables.

This was the largest sample size case#x02013;control study to date to on cum eating study the association between BLLs and ADHD in Chinese children. Tun Abdul Razak! ADHD may be an additional deleterious outcome of essay eating lead exposure during childhood, even when BLLs are #x0003c; 10 #x003bc;g/dL. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood psychiatric disorders, characterized by developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity [American Psychiatric Association (APA) 2000; Biederman and Faraone 2005; Rappley 2005; Remschmidt 2005]. Prevalence of ADHD in children has been reported to tun abdul razak biography essay be 3#x02013;8% worldwide (Froehlich et al. 2007; Leung et al. 1996; Remschmidt 2005). Essay! Children who have ADHD are at increased risk for conduct disorder, antisocial behavior, and drug abuse later in and effect of domestic violence life (Satterfield et al. 2007).

Moreover, the costs associated with their medical care and education are substantial (Leibson et al. Essay On Cum Eating! 2001). Although the causes of ADHD remain unclear, both genetic and environmental factors are thought to influence the communication, etiology of ADHD (Banerjee et al. 2007; Biederman and Faraone 2005; Castellanos and Tannock 2002; Millichap 2008; Remschmidt 2005; Swanson et al. 2007). Family, twin, and adoption studies have demonstrated high heritability, and various polymorphisms of dopamine-related genes have been found to increase susceptibility to ADHD (Castellanos and Tannock 2002; Durston 2003; Khan and Faraone 2006). Furthermore, many environmental risk factors and potential gene#x02013;environment interactions have also been shown to increase the risk for the disorder (Banerjee et al. 2007; Biederman and on cum, Faraone 2005; Millichap 2008; Thapar et al. 2007).

Indeed, there is vt bar essays growing interest in studying the relationship between chronic heavy metal toxicity, including lead exposure, and ADHD (Braun et al. 2006; Konofal and Cortese 2007; Millichap 2008; Nigg et al. 2008). Lead is one of the well-established environmental poisons, and its general toxic effects, particularly in children, continue to be a major public health issue worldwide [American Academy of essay Pediatrics (AAP) 2005; Lidsky and Schneider 2003; Needleman 2004]. It is difficulties studying well known that lead can cause cognitive impairment and eating, correlate with decreased IQ scores and impaired attention (Canfield et al. 2003; Koller et al. Military Communication! 2004), and on cum, increased BLLs were associated with higher distractibility and impulsiveness scores in the affected children (Needleman 1993). The World Health Organization (WHO) and vt bar exam essays, the U.S.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended that child blood lead levels (BLLs) not exceed 10 #x003bc;g/dL (CDC 1991; WHO 1995). As a result of rapid industrialization in China, it is essay eating estimated that tens of millions of children 1#x02013;18 years of age have BLLs #x02265; 10 #x003bc;g/dL (Huo et al. 2007; Ren et al. 2006; Wang and Zhang 2006). Binding! Furthermore, several recent studies have shown that cognitive deficits and eating, behavioral problems in children still exist even with BLLs #x0003c; 10 #x003bc;g/dL (Binns et al. 2007; Braun et al. 2006; Canfield et al. 2003; Koller et al. Cause And Effect! 2004). Early studies have documented an association between dentine lead, whole-tooth lead, hair lead, and eating, symptoms of inattention (Bellinger et al.

1994a, 1994b; Fergusson et al. 1993; Needleman and word essays military, Leviton 1979; Needleman et al. 1979; Tuthill 1996), and on cum eating, subsequent studies showed that lead exposure can cause attention deficit disorder and impulsivity (Brockel and Cory-Slechta 1998; Burns et al. 1999; Eppright et al. Tun Abdul Biography! 1997; Kahn et al. 1995; Minder et al. 1994; Silva et al. 1988; Thomson et al.

1989; Wasserman et al. Essay On Cum Eating! 1998, 2001). However, these studies may not be conclusive. First, few studies have investigated the effect of lead exposure on ADHD formally diagnosed with the established criteria in International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) (WHO 2007) or in Diagnostic and word essays military communication, Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed., revised (DSM-IV-R; APA 2000) (Burns et al. 1999; Eppright et al. 1997; Silva et al.

1988). Second, most studies were limited by small sample size, and essay, some studies lacked sufficient control of word communication confounding factors (Bellinger et al. On Cum! 1994b; Minder et al. 1994). Binding! Third, early studies involved children who had higher BLLs than the levels seen in contemporary children (Needleman and Leviton 1979; Wasserman et al. 1998) and thus may not be directly relevant to children with lower levels of lead exposure. In addition, there is no investigation of lead exposure and ADHD in essay on cum eating Chinese children.

Therefore, in an effort to evaluate the association between BLLs and the risk for ADHD in Chinese children, we performed a case#x02013;control study involving large samples of children 4#x02013;12 years of age. We also considered known potential variables in the etiology of ADHD, such as delivery characteristics, perinatal factors, parental psychosocial factors, and prenatal exposure to tun abdul tobacco and alcohol. This study was designed as a pair-matching case#x02013;control study. ADHD subjects were consecutively recruited from children coming for initial or follow-up assessment from October 2003 to August 2007 in essay two pediatric clinics at studying essays, the Anhui Provincial Children#x02019;s Hospital and the Institute of essay on cum Anhui Traditional Chinese Medicine in Anhui Province, People#x02019;s Republic of essays China. The two major hospitals served the same local population in Anhui province and accepted referrals from all administrative districts within the province. All ADHD (ICD-10 codes F90, 208#x02013;210) subjects were children of Chinese Han nationality 4#x02013;12 years of age at the time of investigation and had a lifetime medical history that fully met the DSM-IV-R criteria (APA 2000; Su et al. 2001) for ADHD. Essay! The DSM-IV-R diagnostic criteria had been previously translated into essays Chinese, and the reliability for the ADHD diagnosis was previously assessed (Su et al. 2001). The diagnoses of essay eating ADHD were derived from a structured diagnostic interview based on Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children (K-SADS-E) (Ambrosini 2000), which was modified to assess DSM-IV-R criteria and communication, incorporate parents#x02019; and essay, teachers#x02019; reports of behavioral symptoms, clinical observation of behavior, the Aberrant Behavior Checklist (Aman and difficulties abroad, Singh 1986), and tests of attention such as the eating, Conners#x02019; Continuous Performance Test (Homack and Riccio 2006).

The interviews were performed in our outpatient clinic and administered by raters (trained research assistants) to children, one of their parents, and their teachers. Vt Bar! All the eating, raters, from difficulties studying abroad essays two involved pediatric clinics, have postgraduate degrees in psychology and had been trained to high levels of interrater reliability. Essay! We computed #x003ba; coefficients of agreement between all the raters and three experienced board-certified child psychiatrists who listened to audio taped interviews made by the raters. Based on 120 interviews, the median #x003ba; was 0.87; #x003ba; was 0.95 for difficulties, ADHD. Essay Eating! Children with identifiable perinatal insults, autism, Asperger syndrome, other pervasive developmental disorders (ICD-10 codes F84.0#x02013;F84.9, 308.0), and essay, mental retardation (ICD-10 codes F70#x02013;F79, 312#x02013;315) were excluded. The non-ADHD controls were randomly selected from computerized lists of outpatients admitted for on cum eating, acute upper respiratory infection at the same two pediatric medical clinics during the daytime and brown essays, during the same study period.

By the pair-matched design, each ADHD case and control set had the same sex, the same age (difference between birthdays within 6 months), and almost the same level of essay eating socioeconomic status (SES). The controls were given the same full diagnostic assessment as the ADHD cases and essays military communication, screened only for eating, the absence of ADHD without exclusion of any other diagnosis except for binding cork, the same exclusion criteria applied to cases. SES is measured by poverty-to-income ratio (PIR), and essay on cum eating, PIR is the ratio of dissertation family income to the poverty threshold for essay eating, the year of the essays, interview. Low SES was defined as having PIR values #x0003c; 1 in our analysis and high SES as having PIR #x0003e; 3. The others were regarded as middle SES. The study was approved by on cum eating, our institutional review boards and complied with all applicable requirements of the United States. The parents of all the children in this study provided written informed consent at enrollment. Blood samples (2 mL/child) were collected in heparinized syringes. Lead concentrations were measured by anodic stripping voltametry through a blood lead analysis instrument (3010B; ESA Laboratories, Inc., Chelmsford, MA, USA) after the blood samples were digested with an organic tissue solubilizer.

The limit of detection was 1.0 #x003bc;g/dL. No detectable values were given values of cause of domestic violence 0.70 (1.0 divided by the square root of 2). Lead values were calculated as the means of four analyses of each sample. Epidemiologic studies have shown that male sex, low SES, and young age are associated with a raised prevalence of essay ADHD. Moreover, its prevalence falls with age (Biederman and Faraone 2004; Doyle 2004; Scahill and tun abdul essay, Schwab-Stone 2000).

To address these important confounding factors, we employed a pair-match design on age, sex, and on cum eating, SES; thus, the stratified control subjects were at word, risk at the same sex, age, and SES. In addition, we considered multiple covariates and potential confounders for the association of lead exposure and ADHD in our study. They were based on established predictors of child behavioral problems and those widely used in studies of pediatric lead exposure (Banerjee et al. 2007; Biederman and Faraone 2005; Linnet et al. 2003; Mick et al. 2002; Millichap 2008; St Sauver et al. 2004; Swanson et al. Essay On Cum! 2007; Wasserman et al. 2001). The following variables were used: family history of vt bar exam ADHD (ADHD in parents and siblings, diagnosed by psychiatrists, obtained from clinical reports), household composition (normal: child lives with biological parents; single: child lives with only one parent; or recombined: child lives in remarried family), maternal tobacco use during pregnancy (at least one cigarette per day during the last trimester), maternal drinking during pregnancy (at least two glasses per week during the entire pregnancy), labor complications, cesarean delivery, perinatal distress [low birth weight and admission to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) as markers], parents#x02019; age at childbirth, and parents#x02019; education. Essay! Because all the cases recruited were of Chinese Han nationality, the variable of ethnic origin could not be used in brown our analysis.

These variables were obtained from clinical records or questionnaires completed by direct interview of the eating, parents. Study factors were defined as binary variables or categorical variables. For example, maternal smoking and drinking habits during pregnancy were recorded as binary variables#x02014;that is, drinker or nondrinker, cigarette smoker or nonsmoker. We analyzed some continuous potential risk factors as categorical variables according to cut points suggested by the literature. For example, low birth weight is typically defined as #x0003c; 2,500 g (St Sauver et al. 2004). Maternal and paternal age were analyzed as three categories (St Sauver et al. 2004): #x0003c; 20 years, 20#x02013;30 years, and #x0003e; 30 years of age. Maternal and dissertation binding, paternal education were analyzed as #x02264; 9 years of on cum eating compulsory education, high school education (9#x02013;12 years), or some college or advanced training (#x02265; 12 years). The association between BLLs and ADHD was evaluated using the Pearson chi-square test for categorical variables and the Student t -test for continuous data.

We also performed a conditional logistic regression analysis with a binary outcome of ADHD in relation to BLLs, adjusting for cause violence, other potential confounding factors (Hosmer and essay, Lemeshow 2000). In the regression model, BLLs were analyzed as an cause and effect of domestic violence essay ordered categorical variable and on cum, recorded as three categories: #x02264; 5 #x003bc;g/dL, 5#x02013;10 #x003bc;g/dL, and #x02265; 10 #x003bc;g/dL. Cause Of Domestic Violence Essay! We then performed a conditional logistic regression analysis with backward stepwise procedures based on the maximum partial likelihood estimates to construct a final best-fit logistic regression models to identify predictors of essay risk for abroad essays, ADHD among known risk factors and BLLs. We estimated odds ratios (ORs) and essay eating, 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for differing levels of exposure. All statistical tests were considered to be significant at an alpha level of 0.05 on and effect essay, a two-tailed test and performed with the essay on cum eating, statistical software SPSS version 15.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). The analysis included 630 ADHD cases and vt bar, 630 non-ADHD control subjects matched by age, sex, and SES. There were 434 sets of boys and 196 sets of girls. The average ages were 7.9 #x000b1; 2.1 years.

The mean BLLs were 8.77 #x000b1; 3.89 #x003bc;g/dL in the ADHD group and 5.76 #x000b1; 3.39 #x003bc;g/dL in the control group. The ADHD group had higher BLLs ( p #x0003c; 0.05, see Table 1 ). There was no significant difference in BLLs between males and females. Figure 1 shows BLL distribution and essay on cum, cumulative distribution of ADHD children and controls. Only 10.1% of non-ADHD children had BLLs #x0003e; 10 #x003bc;g/dL, whereas this percentage increased significantly to 24.4% in ADHD children. (#x003c7; 2 = 237, p #x0003c; 0.01). In addition, 49.8% of non-ADHD children had BLLs #x0003e; 5 #x003bc;g/dL, whereas of the ADHD cases, 74.7% had BLLS #x0003e; 5 #x003bc;g/dL (#x003c7; 2 = 116, p #x0003c; 0.01). Additional information in dissertation binding demographic and the distribution of risk factors are shown in Table 2 . We performed a conditional multivariate logistic regression analysis with all variables (BLLs and all risk factors) simultaneously included in the same model to adjust for each other. We found that the ADHD cases were significantly associated with higher BLLs (OR = 5.19, p #x0003c; 0.01 for children with BLLs 5#x02013;10 #x003bc;g/dL; OR = 7.15, p #x0003c; 0.01 for with BLLs #x02265; 10 #x003bc;g/dL, using the sample with BLLs #x02264; 5 #x003bc;g/dL as referent) and family history of ADHD (OR = 4.54, p #x0003c; 0.01, compared with the sample without familial ADHD history). The risk for ADHD decreased as the mother#x02019;s education level increased (OR = 0.69, p = 0.017, using the sample of #x02264; 9 years maternal education as referent). The analysis also found an association between ADHD and maternal smoking during pregnancy, but the p- value is essay eating near the significant threshold (OR = 4.04, p = 0.047). Essays Military! The remaining confounding variables in our analysis were not associated with ADHD status ( Table 2 ). To eliminate multivariable interaction and multicollinearity, we then performed a backward stepwise logistic regression based on the maximum partial likelihood estimates.

In the final best-fit model, the essay eating, association between ADHD and maternal smoking during pregnancy was excluded, but ORs for the associations between ADHD and family history of ADHD, maternal education levels, and BLLs were largely unchanged from estimates obtained in the original model used in Table 2 ( Table 3 ). We also performed a conditional multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis stratified by sex and dissertation binding cork, age. As with the total sample, ADHD cases were significantly associated with higher BLLs than the lower BLLs in all subdefinitions ( Table 4 ), which indicates that increased risk for ADHD associated with BLLs is essay eating not modified by and effect of domestic violence essay, age and sex. We examined the effect of BLLs in ADHD cases and non-ADHD controls with adjustment for most other known risk factors in Chinese children 4#x02013;12 years of essay on cum age. Essays! We found ADHD cases were more likely to have been exposed to lead. The children with BLLs #x0003e; 10 #x003bc;g/dL had 4.1- to 8.7-fold higher risk for ADHD.

Even when their BLLs were under the recommended level but #x0003e; 5 #x003bc;g/dL, the essay, risk also showed a 3.5- to 7.0-fold increase. Family history of ADHD was another positive high-risk factor. Decreased risk for ADHD was associated with higher maternal education. Lead may play important roles in the etiology of ADHD. Recently, Braun et al. (2006) analyzed data from a U.S population-based sample and concluded that prenatal tobacco exposure and difficulties studying abroad, environmental lead are risk factors for on cum eating, ADHD; they found 4.1-fold increased odds of ADHD with increased BLLs. Our work confirmed this finding in the referred sample that relied on the DSM-IV-R criteria. In addition, Nigg et al. Exam! (2008) reported that low-level lead exposure was associated with formal clinical diagnostic ADHD by DSM-IV-R criteria in a community sample in the United States, where regulations have reduced the on cum eating, incidence of lead poisoning and the current population average of lead levels is relatively lower.

This is consistent with our finding that the risk of ADHD was associated with low lead exposures (#x0003c; 10 #x003bc;g/dL) in Chinese children. Vt Bar Exam Essays! Some studies documented varying behavioral effects of lead exposure in males and females (Burns et al. 1999; Ris et al. Essay On Cum! 2004). Word Essays Military Communication! However, in essay on cum our study, sex and age did not modify the relationship between BLLs and ADHD.

Further studies investigating how neurobehavioral outcome varies with sex and age may be required. In our study, the absence of a statistically significant association between maternal smoking and exam essays, ADHD was unexpected, in contrast to on cum previous reports (Braun et al. 2006; Linnet et al. 2003; Swanson et al. 2007). The reason might be that, in China, few women smoke during pregnancy and throughout life, which limits the statistical power in communication detecting a significant difference. On Cum! Another reason might be that smoking and drinking variables of the mother were recorded as a dichotomy in our study, and the threshold to cause and effect of domestic violence define the variables may underreport in utero smoke and alcohol exposure. Eating! This potential misclassification might underestimate the true association between pregnancy smoking and ADHD. Our study found higher maternal education was associated with decreased risk for ADHD.

This result is consistent with previous work, which indicated that low maternal education, low SES, and single parenthood are important adverse factors for word communication, ADHD (Biederman and Faraone 2005; Millichap 2008; St Sauver et al. 2004). Apart from environmental risk factors for ADHD, our current report indicated that children with a family history of on cum eating ADHD were more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD. It is also consistent with previous work, which showed that ADHD is transmitted in families (Biederman and abroad essays, Faraone 2002, 2005; Millichap 2008). Although our study showed the association between lead and ADHD, we cannot explain clearly the essay on cum eating, mechanism that underlies the relationship. As for the etiology of ADHD, dopamine system dysfunction has important effects (Biederman and Faraone 2002; Swanson et al. 2007). There is extensive evidence that lead alters midbrain/striatal dopamine functioning as well as gene expression in the striatum (Cory-Slechta 1995; Kala and Jadhav 1995; Szczerbak et al. 2007), so the neurotoxic effect of cause essay lead on the dopaminergic neurotransmitter system may be implicated in the pathway to ADHD. Lead exposure could represent a hidden major effect on ADHD incidence via genotype by environmental interaction (Swanson et al. 2007).

The strengths of this study are as follows: a ) Our sample size was the largest to date in case#x02013;control studies to investigate BLLs and ADHD. b ) The ADHD diagnosis was made through an extensive clinical evaluation based on the DSM-IV-R diagnostic instrument and essay, performed by child and adolescent psychiatrists. c ) The investigators matched the dissertation cork, cases and controls on potentially important aspects such as age, sex, or SES. This is important because lead levels are highest among younger children compared with adolescents, and on cum, ADHD is of higher prevalence among children of elementary and essays, middle-school age. This study suggests that there is a link between ADHD and BLLs, and the results reinforced findings from previous studies (Braun et al. 2006; Nigg et al. 2008). If on essay, further inquiry these associations are found to be causal, lead exposure may represent a modifiable risk factor for this common psychiatric condition of childhood.

Considering that ADHD typically starts in early childhood and that lead poisoning is one of the binding cork, most common and entirely preventable pediatric problems (AAP 2005; CDC 1991), strategies in public health must focus on essay on cum eating, practicing primary and secondary prevention of word communication lead exposure in children. On Cum Eating! For example, clinicians should alert parents to potential adverse outcomes of lead associated with this disorder. In addition, routine screening for lead exposure may be needed so that if ADHD symptoms emerge, they can be managed at essays, an early stage. Moreover, BLLs #x0003c; 10 #x003bc;g/dL also indicated a risk factor. This may suggest that the on cum, lower standard may effectively protect children from the harmful effects of lead, which is consistent with previous investigations (AAP 2005; Canfield et al. Vt Bar Essays! 2003; Surkan et al. 2007). Some studies (Ruff et al.

1993; Tong et al. 1998) found an eating association between declining BLLs and improved cognitive test scores, independent of whether iron or chelation therapy was administered. However, other works (AAP 2005; Canfield et al. 2003) indicated that the tun abdul razak biography essay, damage caused by eating, blood lead exposure is irreversible. Chris Brown! Further epidemiologic studies and rigorous randomized controlled trials are needed to determine whether chelation therapy or removal of possible lead exposure sources might help children with ADHD.

This study has several limitations. First, temporality between high BLLs and ADHD could not be ascertained definitely in this case#x02013;control design. It is possible that hyperactive children ingest more lead rather than that lead causes hyperactivity. Therefore, further studies with serial lead measurements, even from the antenatal to the postnatal period, and more continuous measures of ADHD symptoms or of specific underlying neurobehavioral domains may be required to essay eating document the temporal relationship between lead exposure and development of ADHD. Binding! Second, some might argue that concurrent blood lead tests are not an adequate biomarker of a child#x02019;s lifetime exposure. However, recent studies indicate that concurrent BLLs are a stronger predictor of lead-associated IQ decrements than blood lead measured during early childhood (Lanphear et al. 2005). Third, recall bias is one of the problems of the essay on cum, case#x02013;control study. In this study, the main variable of vt bar interest was the BLLs, which were objectively measured.

However, other variables such as in utero tobacco and alcohol exposure may be susceptible to recall bias. Fourth, the cohort was not a random population sample, so potential selection biases cannot be fully ruled out. In addition, because all our sample was Chinese Han, no children living in foster families were included, and none of the essay on cum eating, sample had health insurance, our results may not generalize to children with different socioeconomic or ethnic backgrounds. Finally, it is interesting that Nigg et al. (2008) found a significant relationship between combined-type ADHD and dissertation cork, low-level lead exposure but not predominantly inattentive type and lead exposure. However, we were unable to do analogous analyses by subtype because of the constraints of the essay eating, study matching scheme.

This hospital-based case#x02013;control study suggests a strong relationship exists between ADHD and lead exposure, even low-level lead exposure (#x0003c; 10 #x003bc;g/dL BLL), in Chinese children. If this finding is confirmed in future studies, the potential to prevent ADHD by reducing childhood lead exposure should be considered.

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essayer galileo You can browse the catalog by clicking on essay, a link in cause and effect of domestic, the bar above. You need to become a member if you want to post your own reviews, add books to the database, or participate in discussions of eating books. Click here to vt bar exam essays, become a member. Membership is free, and the only on cum personal information you need to give is your e-mail address. Exam? (We won't spam you, and other visitors will only essay be able to see your address if you say it's OK.) Members can also reply to each other's reviews, creating a discussion of a book, and can choose to receive e-mail notifications when new discussion has occurred about a particular book. Click on the Help link above for more detailed information on difficulties studying, the purpose of The Assayer and how to essay, use it. Brown Signs California Bill for Free Textbooks.

California Governor Jerry Brown has signed SB 1052 and 1053, authored by state senator Darrell Steinberg, to create free textbooks for 50 core lower-division college courses. SB 1052 creates a California Open Education Resources Council, made up of faculty from the UC, Cal State, and community college systems. The council is supposed to pick 50 core courses. They are then to binding, establish a competitive request-for-proposal process in essay on cum eating, which faculty members, publishers, and tun abdul other interested parties would apply for funds to produce, in 2013, 50 high-quality, affordable, digital open source textbooks and related materials, meeting specified requirements. The bill doesn't become operative unless the essay on cum eating legislature funds it -- a questionable prospect in California's current political situation. The books could be either newly produced (which seems unlikely, given the dissertation binding 1-year time frame stated) or existing ones that the state would buy or have free access to.

Unlike former Gov. On Cum Eating? Schwarzenegger's failed K-12 free textbook program, this one specifically defines what it means by open source, rather than using the term as a feel-good phrase; books have to be under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-SA?) license, in XML format. They're supposed to be modularized and tun abdul razak conform to state and W3C accessibility guidelines. Faculty would not be required to use the essay on cum eating free books. September 28, 2012.

Apple Taking the Proprietary Road with eBooks? Today Apple announced easy-to-use software for creating electronic textbooks. Picking through the typically overblown Apple hype, there are some disturbing signs that Apple may be heading down the same road that Amazon has taken by trying to make books proprietary and only availale from cause of domestic, a single distributor. Previously, Apple had hitched its wagon to essay eating, the open Epub standard as the format for chris essays, its electronic books, whereas Amazon uses their own format. Apparently they are now using a format that is similar to, but not the on cum eating same as Epub 3: Books are not technically in the EPUB format, but they borrow from it (likely EPUB 3). Certain interactive elements of the books require the files to vt bar, be done in the slightly different iBooks format, Apple says. Essay Eating? No word on interoperability. Embrace and vt bar exam essays extend, anyone? They have also announced that some titles, including E.O. Wilson's Life on Earth, will only be available electronically from them.

This is the same ugly lock-in tactic that Amazon has already been trying to pull. The licensing agreement for Apple's authoring software also states that any book you create with it must be distributed exclusively through Apple. It appears that BN may be the only remaining ebook publisher that is committed to open formats and nonexclusive distribution. January 19, 2012. California State Senator Pushes for Free Textbooks. Although former Governor Schwarzenegger's free digital textbook initiative for K-12 education was a failure, state senator Darrell Steinberg has a new idea for the state-subsidized publication of college textbooks. (Details are given in the PDF files linked to from the bottom of the page.) Newspaper editorials seem positive.[1], [2]. Amazon has been trying to negotiate exclusive deals with publishers to sell e-books; obviously their dream is to achieve lock-in, so that their customers become their captives. Barnes and Noble is responding by refusing to sell paper books by publishers, such as DC Comics, who won't let them sell the electronic version. Illegal Fees for Disappearing Books.

Publishers such as Pearson have been illegally charging California community college students for required access to online books, which the students can no longer access once the semester is over. A task force, packed with industry representatives, met behind closed doors and recommended changing the law. September 10, 2011. Project Gutenberg founder and electronic book pioneer Michael Hart has died of a heart attack. He started his life's work by typing the U.S. Essay Eating? Declaration of Independence into a computer in 1971 and making it available for free downloading. September 6, 2011. NSF has funded a grant, with Jason Grout at Drake as PI, for a project called UTMOST: Undergraduate Teaching in Mathematics with Open Software and abroad Textbooks. The idea is to take preexisting free math textbooks and convert them into on cum eating, worksheets for the open-source math program Sage.

Students can then use a computer aided algebra system to try calculations on the same screen from exam essays, which they're reading the book itself. Results of Textbook Initiative Announced. The results of California Governor Schwarzenegger's Free Digital Textbook Initiative were announced today at a symposium near Los Angeles, which I attended. Participants included open-source types from Curriki, CK-12, and Connexions, as well as teachers, politicians, IT folks, hardware vendors, and textbook publishers. Sixteen free high school math and science textbooks were submitted, and were evaluated as to whether they met state content standards. Almost all the books were Creative Commons-licensed works produced by individuals and nonprofits, with the exception of a consumable biology workbook from Pearson. The genesis of Schwarzenegger's initiative was the current state budget crisis, so it was entertaining to see the on cum eating various interests jockeying for a bigger slice of dissertation a shrinking pie.

Dell and Apple would like to see funds for essay on cum, textbooks freed up so that they can be used to buy computers on which students can access the free books, and they had demos with actual grade school kids (highly intent on their Apple laptops) and cause and effect of domestic violence essay high school kids (chewing gum and socializing in front of their Dell netbooks). The traditional publishers didn't seem to essay, be able to decide how to present themselves. Pearson's rep referred to razak, its workbook as free and open-source (it's not open-source). Houghton Mifflin Harcourt's rep, when questioned about DRM, said that her company was committed to DRM, and envisioned its DRM'd materials being mixed and matched with open-source ones. Both said that they wanted to essay on cum, be service providers (think Red Hat), rather than just content providers (a la Microsoft) -- but, hey, they produce really great content, too. Apple and Dell's reps argued for open formats such as XML.

Nobody seemed sure about the implications of the chris essays settlement in the Williams case, which requires equal access to books for all students. Will poor students be locked out essay on cum eating, because they don't have computers? Schwarzenegger's proposed solution is to print out books as needed, but Murugan Pal from CK-12 pointed out that current state law allows a school to use textbook funds to pay $80 for a book from a commercial publisher, but forbids it to pay $10 to print out a copy of a free book at Kinko's. As a community college professor, I was surprised by cork, the level of top-down control that seems to on cum, be taken for granted in the K-12 system. Exam Essays? There was a lot of concern about essay, whether a digital textbook that had been blessed by vt bar exam essays, the state would then change overnight, falling from its state of grace. CLRN, which is running the evaluation process, says that they want authors to freeze their books for two years after the eating evaluation. This seems to run counter to tun abdul biography essay, the Governor's criticism of traditional textbooks as antiquated.

Pal from CK-12 pointed out on cum, that although CK-12 is studying abroad essays, a wiki, it's not open for editing by all, like Wikipedia. On Cum? But teacher Lainie Rowell recounted the charming story of the Lousiana students who found out word, that there was no Wikipedia article about the Pitot House, and proceeded to write one as a class. A big change since I went to high school in California is that many high schools are offering online classes, and over-scheduled, affluent students seem to love being able to fit them in essay, between soccer and studying abroad essays SAT prep classes. Orange Country Superintendent of Schools William Habermehl proposed that since budget cuts will force schools to eating, put 42 students in an Algebra 1 class, they could have 30 kids (the ones who need more help) in word military, the classroom, and essay on cum eating the other 12 taking the tun abdul class online. Somehow this sounds to me like making the teacher teach two classes for the price of on cum one, and as a parent I'm a little worried about what it would be like if one of my daughters was in the group of 12 deemed not to need any help.

New York Times on Electronic Textbooks. The New York Times has a good article on electronic textbooks, including the California initiative. California Initiative for difficulties studying abroad, Free Textbooks. Motivated by the California state budget crisis, Governor Schwarzenegger has announced a Free Digital Textbook Initiative, which is producing a list of eating free, online high school math and science textbooks that are aligned with state content standards. The list will be announced June 16, and razak the intention is to have the books used in essay eating, classrooms in fall 2009. The idea seems to be to look for preexisting free books put out by individuals.

This article has some useful background, but it mistakenly suggests that the vt bar exam essays arduous state adoption process will be an obstacle to the FDTI; statewide adoption only applies to K-8, but FDTI is on cum eating, doing high-school books. There was a previous, unsuccessful effort called COSTP, which tried to produce a history textbook using Wikibooks. Here is a BBC article about the present effort, and here is a newspaper opinion piece by the Governor. This is a transcript of a speech by the Governor, with some interesting QA at difficulties abroad the end. Twenty books were submitted (press release, links). The four books from eating, traditional publisher Pearson are consumable workbooks, not actual textbooks. Flat World Knowledge is a new startup company that is difficulties studying, distributing CC-BY-NC-licensed textbooks via free digital downloads and essay eating print on demand. Professors can produce customized versions of the texts by, e.g., cutting chapters they don't intend to cover, and can edit down to the sentence level.

They're currently at the testing stage, and plan a full commercial launch in 2009. Dissertation Cork? There doesn't seem to be any information on their site about what books they've got lined up. The restriction to the CC-BY-NC license seems unfortunate to me, since it locks out a whole body of books that are licensed under CC-BY, or under licenses like the GFDL (used, e.g., by eating, Wikipedia) that are compatible with CC-BY. Open Text Book is word essays, a new web site that catalogs textbooks that are free-as-in-speech. Manybooks is a web site for free books, as well as shorter works. They seem to essay on cum, have started by converting the books on the Project Gutenberg DVD into a variety of cause and effect of domestic convenient formats. In addition, they have a pretty good catalog of science fiction novels and short stories whose authors have made them free online. September 15, 2007. Scribd is a new service that aims to do for the print medium what youtube did for video. It could be a useful no-cost, no-hassle way for authors of free books to distribute them online, without having to maintain their own web sites. Essay Eating? Books are automatically translated into a variety of formats, and by default users are shown a flash interface that lets them flip through the book page by page.

My own experience with Mac/Linux/Firefox was that the flash interface didn't work very well, but YMMV, and tun abdul essay I'm sure the glitches will get worked out over time. Ink Textbooks is a new textbook publisher that plans to sell books inexpensively in print, and essay eating also make the same books available for free online in biography essay, digital form. They require an exclusive license from the author, so their system isn't compatible with Creative Commons or GFDL-licensed books. The Free Curricula Center is a new project that is going to eating, try to get people to cooperate on binding, writing free textbooks. Here is an on cum eating, article I wrote about what's going on these days in the world of free books. From the article: With the cost of college textbooks up 62% over the last decade, pressure is building for an alternative model of publishing: the free book. Five years ago, an author had to be very persistent --- maybe even a little crazy --- to try the new approach. But now a whole new infrastructure is springing up to make it easier. The Assayer's catalog has now passed the milestone of 1000 free books.

A Proposal For Governnment-Financed Textbooks. The Center for Economic and vt bar exam essays Policy Research has published a proposal for the government to finance the essay eating production of textbooks, on the condition that they would then be placed into the public domain. Personally, it raises my libertarian hackles, but it's true that one of my favorite physics textbooks, PSSC Physics, was created as a government-financed project. CALPIRG Cheaper Textbooks Campaign. Lindsay Hopkins (lindsay dot hopkins at gmail dot com) contacted me today about the CALPIRG Cheaper Textbooks Campaign, of which she's the statewide coordinator.

CALPIRG, the California Public Interest Research Group, is an organization of students in the University of difficulties abroad essays California System. Their Cheaper Textbooks Campaign is interested in putting together a how-to manual on writing your own free textbook. I've been contacted by Joshua Gay about a new endeavor called the Free Textbook Project, which looks very promising. I've been seeing an on cum, increasing number of reviews that are actually the author's promotional blurb. These are usually painfully obvious, and I delete them immediately. However, I've decided to start requiring new users to supply their real names when they set up an account. Chris Brown Essays? Of course, there's nothing to stop them from faking this information. Essay On Cum Eating? When you read a review, think critically about razak essay, whether the essay on cum eating reviewer appears trustworthy.

It's usually a sign of trouble if the reviewer has only ever written a single review on The Assayer, and the review reads like promotional material. The Assayer's membership passed the 3k mark with member jameslee. Thanks, everybody, for all of your continuing contributions to essay, The Assayer! When I first created The Assayer, I decided as an afterthought to allow people to review non-free books here. I didn't want to come off as a fire-breathing zealout, and I thought an exclusionary policy toward non-free books might cause a lot of arguments about on cum eating, what qualified as free. Since then, the site's catalog of military free books has grown greatly, and gradually more and on cum eating more of them are getting reviewed by TA members.

It's become clear to me, however, that accepting reviews of non-free books is not producing anything worthwhile ( is the venue for that), and is taking up a lot of my time and resources. In particular, there have been a lot of cases where the authors of vt bar exam essays a non-free book posted thinly veiled promotional material in the guise of a review. I've also noticed that at least one person has cross-posted reviews here and on, despite the essay on cum eating prominent warnings on this site not to do that because Amazon owns the copyrights on word communication, reviews submitted to them. That creates a potential for legal problems that I don't need. Therefore I've decided to stop accepting new reviews of eating non-free books. Reviews of non-free books that are already in the database will be retained, except in cases where they appear to abroad, violate Amazon's copyright. On Cum Eating? (Note added Oct. 2005: It appears that no longer claims copyright on essays military, reviews, but only on cum eating a royalty-free license to use them.) The number of books in Library of Congress category QA, math and dissertation binding cork computer science, is getting huge, so I've introduced smaller subcategories, which you'll see when you browse by subject. Essay On Cum? I've done my best to cork, place as many math and computer books as possible in appropriate subcategories, but some of them get pretty esoteric, so feel free to help out if you have the necessary expertise; to place a book in a subcategory, just click on its edit information about this book link, and it will show you the legal choices. I didn't receive any more comments about the warning messages (see below). I've decided to essay eating, eliminate them.

I recently added a feature to The Assayer that some might consider a bug :-) When you're viewing a review, you get an error message if the essays military communication reviewer hasn't supplied a real name, hasn't supplied a bio, or has only every written one review. On Cum Eating? One user of the Assayer has e-mailed me to say he hates the warnings. Does anyone else have comments? The warnings are meant to handle a situation that is unfortunately pretty common: the chris essays author of a book submits a review of eating his own book. Am I overreacting? Let me know! Click on the contact link above for info on how to cause of domestic, e-mail me, and please let me know if it's OK to quote you and use your name in essay eating, this space.

Based on the one user's feedback, I've already made the warnings less prominent. I've decided that it was a bad idea to create two of my own homebrewed licenses for reviews, and I will no longer be accepting new reviews under these licenses. I think the word proliferation of licenses is a bad thing, and I'm also not a lawyer, so I don't know if these licenses have legal defects. The default license for reviews is still the OPL without options A and B. This may seem strange, since its creator, Dave Wiley, recommends using a Creative Commons license for eating, new works instead of the OPL. However, it seems to me that the chris OPL is more appropriate for book reviews, because it requires modified versions to be given out with a description of the eating modifications, which is important in order to keep people from changing a reviewer's words to misrepresent the reviewer's opinions. B. Razak Biography? Crowell, Jan.

18, 2002. User Lucas Walter says I was going to essay eating, suggest the same thing, maybe add OPL _with_ option A (minor alterations permitted, but no semantic changes). Another possibility, for military communication, those who prefer it, is a BSD-style license of some kind. IMHO this is more free than GPL-style licenses such as the GFDL and OPL-without-options, although freer isn't necessarily the essay eating same as better :-)