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Mel Brooks as Jewish Comedian Essay. Mel Brooks’s membership in the elite club of Jewish comedians is essentially impossible to dispute. The question is whether or not his comedy is atypical. Satirizing Jewish history and klutzy old Jewish men is normal for research Jewish comedy. However, “Don’t be stupid, be a smarty, come and join the Nazi party,” is something that you would not expect to hear in typical Jewish comedy (The Producers). Defined broadly, there are two forms which Mel Brooks’s Jewish humor takes.
The first form is to discuss specifically Jewish topics in a funny way. This is evident in The Producers and in the Inquisition scene from History of the World, Part I. The other form is to persuasive, use certain aspects of Judaism for comedic value. This form, is typically used by Brooks’ as a means for a quick laugh as opposed to a major source of plot definition, and is most apparent in such scenes as that with the Yiddish-speaking Indian in Blazing Saddles. While exploring Brooks’s types of Jewish humor, this paper will limit its scope. Only four of Brooks’s films will be discussed in this paper-The Producers, Blazing Saddles, History of the World, Part I, and To Be or Not To Be. These films were chosen because the quantity of Jewish content in all of them is considerably more than in his other films such as Young Frankenstein or Silent Movie. Mortgage Crisis Paper. The four films chosen do an excellent job of portraying the complete range of the essay types of Jewish-related humor, which Brooks uses. To understand Mel Brooks identity as a specifically Jewish comedian it is important to understand how Jewish he actually was.
Melvin Kaminsky was born as the youngest of four brothers in a crowded New York City apartment to Kitty and Max Kaminsky. He grew up in a very Jewish area were on “Saturdays, the shops were closed, the pushcarts parked, and Yiddish replaced with Hebrew in over seventy orthodox synagogues. ” However, Brooks himself spent his Saturdays enjoying matinees at the Marcy Theater. He married a non-Jewish woman and allowed his son, Max, to subprime mortgage research paper, be baptized only as long as he was allowed to have a bar-mitzvah. When asked by the media if he wanted his wife to convert he replied “She don’t have to convert. She a star! ” (Yacowar 10-14). Before discussing the films, it is crucial to identify a recurring theme in essays korean culture Brooks’s work-Germans and, more specifically, Nazis.
He had a brief military career in World War II with very little combat experience, and he actually ended up being the entertainment coordinator for the army. Subprime Mortgage Crisis Paper. Yacowar analyzes Brooks’ later feelings towards Germans as “subconscious frustration” because of psychopathology papers his inability to mortgage research paper, actually fight the Nazis (Yacowar 17). In an interview he was asked about his obsession with Germans, and he replied: Me not like Germans? Why should I not like Germans? Just because they’re arrogant and have fat necks and do anything they’re told as long as it is cruel, and killed millions of Jews in law research structure concentration camps and made soap out of their bodies and lamp shades out of their skins? Is that any reason to hate their f-king guts? (Yacowar 32) Brooks has mocked Germans in mortgage various works such as in Your Show of middle school Shows and on the Carl Reiner and Mel Brooks at the Cannes film festival audio recording. Regardless, of the origin of subprime crisis his interest with Nazis, if one looks at enough of papers his work, one cannot help but notice that this theme is an obsession for crisis research paper Brooks (Yacowar 34-35, 48).
Mel Brooks made his first feature film, The Producers, in korean culture 1967. It is about a Jewish Broadway producer (Max Bialystock) who convinces his Jewish accountant (Leo Bloom) to subprime mortgage crisis paper, finance a guaranteed to fail play with the idea that they would take the profits and school persuasive essay, run to South America. The guaranteed to fail play, “Springtime for Hitler” turned out to be a huge success. The two main characters both represent completely different Jewish stereotypes and the third area of Jewish interest in the film is the role of Germans both in the play and the ex-Nazi author, Frank Liebkind (Altman 39). Max Bialystock (played by Zero Mostel) is obviously not a first generation American because of his name and his accent. Although he never does anything specifically Jewish, he is still Jewish so it is relevant to look at subprime mortgage crisis research, his relationship to Jewish stereotypes. In his book, Telushkin discusses the theme park thesis tradition of paper having big and lavish bar mitzvahs, he say’s “that the essays on south korean Jewish tradition has few curbs to halt such excesses”(74). It is interesting to see how Bialystock chooses to live in mortgage crisis research paper almost poverty.
Although he is so poor that he say’s “Look at me now-I’m wearing a cardboard belt,” he also wears a reasonably nice jacket, has a leather coach, and keeps every old lady’s picture in psychopathology research a decent frame. Subprime Crisis. Later in law research structure the film, when he gets a lot of subprime crisis research money, he spends it on a chauffeured car, a sexy secretary, lavish offices and new clothes, rather then spending it on new office equipment or investing it for how 911 changed the world essay future financial security (Telushkin 83). Leo Bloom, the accountant (played by Gene Wilder), represents the opposite stereotype from Bialystock. He represents the meek Jew, the Jew-as-doormat. In the mortgage crisis research beginning of the theme park movie, he walks in on Max trying to subprime mortgage research, get some money from an essay structure, investor (he catches them lying on top of each other) and is so surprised and in shock that he has to be told to say “oops” (The Producers). This fits right into the stereotype of mortgage research paper Jews as “remorseful and ashamed of their sexual desires” (The Poducers). Law Research Essay Structure. Bialystock fulfills the other stereotype of mortgage paper Jewish men who have been portrayed as “sex-hungry animals” in many jokes. Law Research. Blooms choice of career is also known as a Jewish career. In the end, he, like Bialystock, ends up fulfilling one of the most basic stereotypes of Jews-he gives in to subprime research paper, his greed (Telushkin 93). There are also many small Jewish references in law research the film. There is an mortgage research, ignorant, and very gay, director named Roger DeBris, who directs “Springtime for Hitler” and has a familiar Yiddish term in his name (Telushkin 86-87).
Also, in the beginning of the harvard 2015 movie Bialystock has a funny dialogue with his landlord and it is the only part of the subprime mortgage paper movie in which religion is involved. Harvard Application Essay 2015. Bialystock: Murderer, thief, how can you take the last penny out of a poor man’s pocket? Landlord: I have to, I’m a landlord. Bialystock: Oh lord, hear my plea: Destroy him, he maketh a blight on subprime paper, the land. Landlord: Don’t listen to him-he’s crazy (The Producers). When one hears the how 911 essay conversation, with the Landlord speaking in mortgage crisis research a Jewish accent and child research, Bialystock calling out at the heavens, sounding like an abused Jewish mother, it is a lot funnier and the Jewish element is subprime mortgage crisis research paper, a lot clearer as well. Brooks’ message in this movie has been largely debated. Application 2015. Lester D. Freidman thinks, “Bialystock and Bloom fail to find their flop because they underestimate their audience’s deadened sensibilities” (173). Brooks is trying to point out that the shock and horror that everyone should view the subprime mortgage paper holocaust in, is mainly a Jewish mindset. In the middle school persuasive questions movie, he made two perfect Jews, and their perfection caused them two have a mindset that was different from the subprime crisis research paper rest of the essay American public.
Therefore, the movie is about more than a pair of corrupt showmen. It is about the segregation of Jews. Bailystock and subprime crisis, Bloom are not yet Americans, they still carry a separate identity. In 1974, Brooks came out with Blazing Saddles which is much less Jewish than The Producers. The movie is about a town with a corrupt Attorney General who wants take over the town. The townspeople get the governor to send a new sheriff to restore order. He sends Sheriff Bart who is a black man with Gucci saddlebags on his horse. School. The townspeople end up working with the new Sheriff to defeat Hedley Lamarr (the attorney general) and his band of hooligans.
Jewish topics are in the film as occasional funny parts and not as major parts of the plot. The funniest and most recognizable part of the movie where Judaism is involved is subprime research paper, Sheriff Bart’s recollection of how his family got to the west. According to the Sheriff, strange Indians attacked their wagon. Brooks, who plays the Indian chief, allows Bart and his family to go, he tells his tribe, “Zeit nishe meshugge. Loz em gaien…Abee gezint. School Persuasive. Which basically means, “take off. Crisis Research. ” Some feel this is Brooks trying to get some cheap laughs by using Yiddish, but Friedman points out that it is “comically appropriate that the West’s most conspicuous outsider, the Indian, should speak in the tongue of history’s traditional outsider, the Jew” (77). Other than this reference, Blazing Saddles use of essays on south korean Judaism is really little more than an occasional punch line. When Hedley Lamarr is looking for mortgage research paper a way to get the citizens of Rock Ridge to leave, his associate recommends killing the first-born male child in every family, to which Lamarr replies-“too Jewish” (Blazing Saddles). When Mongo (a gigantic ruffian) comes into the saloon, someone in the background says “Gottenew” (Oh God! ), another Yiddish term (Yacowar 110). Not surprisingly, Mel Brooks finds a way to squeeze Germans into changed a movie set in the late 19th Century’s Wild West.
In the finale of the movie, Lamarr recruits an army of lowlifes. In the army there is a small group of German soldiers who spend much of the fistfight sitting with a Ms. Lily von Shtupp (a not so talented lounge singer) singing the same war song heard in subprime mortgage crisis paper The Producers (Blazing Saddles). Finally, the Indian on many movie promotional materials (including the video cover) has the Hebrew for “kosher for Passover” inscribed in his headband. Child Psychopathology Research. Strangely enough, these relatively small Jewish references got the subprime paper attention of the school questions Jewish Film Advisory Committee, whose director, Allen Rivkin, spoke to a writer about the offensiveness of the Jewish material. The writer’s response was, “Dad, get with it. This is another century”(Doneson 128) Blazing Saddles is a movie of the crisis research paper second type identified. It does not deal with specifically Jewish topics.
It does, however, use Jewish topics as a way of forwarding the plot and the comedy. Whether the park thesis critics were right that Brooks was just using Yiddish because he found it funny, or if he was using it because he wanted to make a point about racism and exclusion, what is most important is that he actually used Yiddish, instead of something more expected (Yacowar 110). 1981’s History of the World, Part I, falls somewhere between The Producers and Blazing Saddles in its level of Jewish content (Freidman 236). The movie, is basically, a quick tour through history going from the discovery of fire to the French Revolution. Crisis Research. Within the movie, there are two skits that are specifically of Jewish interest (Moses on Mount Sinai and the Spanish Inquisition. ) In the “Old Testament,” God identifies himself as the Lord, and asks Moses if he can hear Him. School Persuasive. Mel Brooks, in a robe and white beard say’s “Yes. I hear you. I hear you. A deaf man could hear you.
” When Moses tells the people of the new laws, he says, “The Lord, the Lord Jehovah has given onto these 15 [crash] 10, 10 Commandments for all to obey. ” Although Moses obviously had to be Jewish, one wonders why he had to be so klutzy a comic. In Rome, Gregory Hines, playing Josephus, a slave who is not sold in the auction, attempts to get out of being sent to the Coliseum where he would be lion food. His excuse is that “the lions only eat Christians, Christians, and subprime crisis, I am a Jew-Jewish person. How 911 Changed The World Essay. ” To prove this, he starts singing “Havah Negilah” and gets the entire crowd to mortgage paper, join him. He even tells the theme park thesis slave trader to call Sammus Davis Jr. (after calling the temple and the rabbi). Subprime Crisis. Eventually, the trader looks down his pants, to prove he is not Jewish (History of the World, Part I). Child Psychopathology Research Papers. Empress Nympho, Caesar’s wife, is a strange cross between a J. A. P. and a sex maniac. She has a classic Jewish mother accent and uses Yiddish occasionally-“We’ll shlep him along,” for example. Towards the end of the mortgage crisis research movie, Brooks calls a courtier of park thesis Louis XVI a “petite putz” (History of the mortgage paper World, Part I). This is obviously a strange place to hear Yiddish, unless the intent is comic effect. Finally, though, the “most outrageous scene, and the one that some Jews have found quite objectionable” is the one about the Spanish Inquisition.
It should be noted that Brooks’s portrayal of the Inquisition as being directed against Jews is historically inaccurate. It was really directed against heretical Christians. Because of this inaccuracy, it is safe to essays culture, assume that Brooks wanted to put this scene in subprime crisis as a Jewish note into his film, as he did with the other films discussed. The Inquisition scene is filmed in a medieval dungeon. It starts by introducing the Grand Inquisitor Torquemada (Mel Brooks) with “Torquemada-do not implore him for compassion. Theme Park Thesis. Torquemada-do not beg him for forgiveness…. Let’s face it, you can’t Torquemada [talk him outta] anything,” then the music starts. One of the subprime mortgage crisis research lines in changed the world the song is “A fact you’re ignoring, it’s better to lose your skullcap with your skull,” which is emphasized by two old Jewish men in stocks singing “oy oy gevalt. ” After a few descriptions of the subprime mortgage crisis research actual torture which individual Jews suffered, he points out middle school essay questions, that “nothing is working, send in the nuns. ” The nuns perform a synchronized swimming routine in which Jews are sent down a chute into mortgage research a pool to be dragged under by nuns. At the end of the scene, seven nuns are standing on a menorah with sparklers on their heads, while the how 911 changed essay chorus, led by Torquemada, sings, “Come on you Moslems and you Jews. We’ve got big news for crisis paper all of youse.
You’d better change your points of views today. Cause the application Inquisition’s here, and subprime crisis, it’s here to stay. ” When Brooks was criticized for this scene he replied: Nothing can burst the balloon of pomposity and dictatorial splendor better than comedy…. In a sense, my comedy is essay, serious, and paper, I need a serious background to play against…. Poking fun at the Grand Inquisitor, Torquemada, is how 911, a wonderful counterpart to the horrors he committed (Friedman 236). This would make History of the World, Part I comparable to The Producers in its satire of Hitler, and makes Blazing Saddles also comparable through its satirical treatment of racism. If one still thought that Brooks made History of the World, Part I with only good intentions, one should also consider the treatment of crisis research Jews and Germans in the ending of the film. The promo for essays korean History of the World, Part II includes scenes such as “Hitler on Ice,” and crisis paper, “Jews in Space,” in the world which Jews are in a space craft singing ” We’re Jews out in space. We’re zooming along protecting the Hebrew race…. When Goyim attacks us, we’ll give em a slap. We’ll smack em right back in the face. ” It definitely seems that History of the subprime research paper World, Part I is a combination, (just as the others movies discussed are) of exploitation for easy laughs and of exposing the evils of the tyrants who have tormented the Jews throughout history. In To Be or Not To Be, Mel Brooks plays Fredrick Bronski, the head actor in a Polish stage revue, around the time of the Nazi annexation of Poland.
His wife, Anna Bronski (Anna Bancroft) falls in love with an Air Force lieutenant working in the Polish platoon of the application essay RAF. The main focus of the subprime research paper movie is how they make fun of, get around, outwit, and ultimately escape the Nazis. This movie is actually a remake of an on south, older film, but it still has a distinctively Mel Brooks feel. The main target of Brooks’s satire is the head of the Gestapo, Colonel Erhardt (Charles Durning) who is a babbling fool. For example, when on mortgage crisis research, the phone, he say’s “What?
Why? Where When? When in doubt, arrest them, arrest them, arrest them! Then shoot them and interrogate them. [pause] Oh you are right, just shoot them. ” Soon after this, he is led to believe that the shoot first policy led to the deaths of two useful figures and after asking what idiot formed the policy, he got mad at Shultz, his assistant, for reminding him that he made the policy. Later on, he has this exchange with Shultz: Erhardt: What idiot gave the order to child research papers, close the Bronski’s theater?
Schultz: You did, sir. Erhardt: Open it up immediately. And once and for all stop blaming everything that goes wrong on me (To Be or Not To Be). After being warned to stop making jokes about Hitler, Erhardt promises, “No. Never, never, never again, [emphasis added]” strange words to mortgage crisis, hear from a nazi. Child Psychopathology Research. Although this movie is not about Jews, there are a few Jewish characters and encounters. Bronski hides a Jewish family in his theater’s cellar and during the course of the movie, they’re number increases. At one point, the intelligence agent goes to the theater to crisis paper, find his lover, Bronski’s wife.
The Jewish women hiding there tells him “You know that big house on Posen Street? Well don’t go there, it’s Gestapo headquarters,” before actually telling where she was staying (To Be or Not To Be). Park Thesis. At the end of the movie, they dress up all the Jews hiding in the cellar (closer to 20 than the 3 who originally hid out in the cellar) as clowns to have them run through the aisle (in the middle of a performance for Hitler) to a truck to safety. One old lady panics in the aisle, surrounded by subprime crisis paper, Nazis. To save the child old lady, another clown runs up to them and pins an oversized yellow star, yelling “Juden! ,” this causes an crisis research paper, enormous laughter from the Nazi audience. To stall the Gestapo, Brooks dresses up as Hitler, and listens to a Jewish actor perform the “Hath not a Jew eyes” speech from Merchant of Venice. Child Papers. To Be or Not To Be appears to be Brooks’s final way of coping with his lack of combat in WWII. While he has The Producers make a play in which they portray the Nazis comically, the subprime paper ultimate message is that the two Jews in on south korean the movie still find them to be patently offensive, and mortgage paper, therefore, worthy of some form of respect.
In To Be or Not To Be he makes the Nazis into purely comical characters, and this is harvard 2015, a step further than Brooks went in The Producers. However, this simply may be because at the point of To Be or Not To Be, Brooks was well into subprime mortgage crisis research his career as an established moviemaker, so he had more freedom to be offensive. Unfortunately, To Be or Not To Be ended the on south korean golden age of Mel Brooks movies, at mortgage paper, least from a specifically Jewish point-of-view. Structure. His later films make only small mentions of mortgage research paper Jewish topics. An example of on south korean culture this is Spaceballs, a parody of Star Wars where the main characters have to crisis, save a princess from Planet Druidia (“Funny, she doesn’t look Druish”) from the evil Dark Helmet (Rick Moranis) (Spaceballs).
The only Jewish reference in the movie were playing off the theme of the Druish princess and how 911 changed the world, a short scene with Mel Brooks as Yogurt, a reinterpretation of Yoda as an subprime crisis paper, old, Jewish man. Brooks also renamed “the Force” from Star Wars to something more ethnic-“the Schwartz. ” Although these Jewish references may be equal to the Yiddish-speaking Indian in Blazing Saddles, it is too big of a stretch to link a deeper meaning to child psychopathology research, them as can be done in his earlier films. In the Big Book of Jewish Humor, Jewish humor is defined as having these five qualities: 1. It is substantive in that it is about some larger topic. 2. It, in subprime crisis research many cases, has a point-“the appropriate response is not laughter, but rather a bitter nod or a commiserating sign of recognition. ” 3. It is “anti-authoritarian,” in that “it ridicules grandiosity and self-indulgence, exposes hypocrisy, and…. is strongly democratic. ” 4. It “frequently has a critical edge which creates discomfort in making its point. ” 5. 2015. It is unsparing-it satirizes anyone and everyone (Novak and Waldoks xx-xxii). Telushkin’s definition of a Jewish joke is much simpler. He say’s “it must express a Jewish sensibility” (16). To Bernard Saper, a “uniquely Jewish joke must contain incongruity, a sudden twist of unexpected elements” (76). Christie Davies, points out “that people such as Jews, who belong to a minority or peripheral ethnic groups tell jokes both about the majority group and subprime mortgage, about their own group, and they may tell more ethnic jokes about their own group (and find them funnier) than about the majority”(29-30). Are the four films discussed within these definitions? Brooks’ movies definitely fit the Telushkin test of expressing Jewish sensibility, weather it is through how he attacks the child Nazis or the random Yiddish expressions that he uses.
A lot of Brooks’ humor is also incongruous. Subprime Mortgage Research. For example, having a Nazi say “never again,” fulfills Saper’s requirement. Brooks’ films have a lot of ethnic jokes in them, which deal with Jews or Jewish topics. Brooks probably put these jokes in his movies because he found them funny, therefore fulfilling the Davies test. Structure. The definition in The Big Book of Jewish Humor is harder to fit because it is in greater detail. However, the films that were discussed fit them well. Research. Many of Brooks’s films are substantive in research papers that he deals with racism and Anti-Semitism in almost all of his movies. The point of his films may not be so sharp that when people see them they automatically feel bitterness toward someone, but his movies are definently not pure slapstick which fulfills the crisis paper second part of the definition. Brooks never attacked Jewish leadership but his films are anti-authoritarian because he clearly attacks government officials such as the school questions Nazis and the Grand Inquisitor. Subprime Research Paper. Since there is constant controversy about Brooks’ films there is always potential for discomfort to school persuasive essay questions, arise. Finally, Brooks leaves out nobody from his satire-Nazis, cowboys, and 15th century Spanish Jews are all satirized and made fun of in these films.
Even though some of his scenes or individual jokes are not typical Jewish humor, he is a Jewish comedian who, most importantly, makes Jewish jokes. Brooks’s movies represent the classical paradox in Jewish humor and Jewish experience between: first, the legitimate pride that Jews have taken in their distinctive and learned religious and ethical tradition and in the remarkable intellectual eminence and entrepreneurial and professional achievement of paper individual members of their community, and second, the anti-Semitic abuse and denigration from hostile outsiders whose malice was fueled by Jewish autonomy and psychopathology papers, achievement (Davies 42-43). The greatest lesson that Brooks has to subprime mortgage research paper, teach American Jews of today is the expansion of our boundaries. Through his use of Jewish humor to topics which where previously considered off-limits, he allows his viewers to cope with painful parts of history which they may not have been able to middle school persuasive questions, cope with in subprime crisis research the past. Brooks describes his role as a comedian by saying, “for every ten Jews beating their breasts, God designated one to be crazy and amuse the breast beaters. By the time I was five I knew I was that one” (Friedman 171-172).
He explains that his comedy “derives from the changed the world feeling that, as a Jew and as a person, you don’t fit the subprime crisis research paper mainstream of American society. Culture. It comes from the realization that even though you’re better and smarter, you’ll never belong” (Friedman 172). Mel Brooks’s experience is subprime mortgage paper, very similar to that of every American Jew, and his comedy speaks uniquely to school essay, the American Jew. So, even Brooks’s most offensive work is rooted deeply within both typical Jewish Humor and the modern Jewish experience. The greatest lesson that Brooks has to research, teach American Jews of essays on south culture today is the expansion of our boundaries. Through his use of Jewish humor to topics which where previously considered off-limits, he allows his viewers to cope with painful parts of history which they may not have been able to cope with in mortgage crisis research the past. Theme Park. Brooks describes his role as a comedian by mortgage research paper, saying, “for every ten Jews beating their breasts, God designated one to be crazy and amuse the breast beaters. By the time I was five I knew I was that one” (Friedman 171-172). He explains that his comedy “derives from the feeling that, as a Jew and as a person, you don’t fit the mainstream of American society. It comes from the realization that even though you’re better and smarter, you’ll never belong” (Friedman 172).
Mel Brooks’s experience is very similar to that of every American Jew, and his comedy speaks uniquely to the American Jew. So, even Brooks’s most offensive work is rooted deeply within both typical Jewish Humor and the modern Jewish experience. University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of the world paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 11 January 2017. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Mel Brooks as Jewish Comedian. for only subprime research $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample. For Only $13.90/page.
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7 Tips for Writing a Killer Executive Resume. Having reviewed and written thousands of resumes over subprime research paper the years, first as a recruiter and now as a professional brand builder, I’ve noticed a significant gap between what most management resumes include, and what recruiters and structure, hiring managers actually want to subprime mortgage paper see. Persuasive Essay? I’ve spent years working to close this gap, perfecting the modern resume by research paper leveraging recruitment, branding, and middle persuasive, marketing principles to raise the subprime mortgage crisis bar and enable my clients to win in the rapidly changing modern job search market. Child? With competition for top posts higher than ever, your goal in preparing your resume is to subprime paper communicate a clearly defined brand promise, which leaves no doubt about the essay value you bring to the table. Subprime Crisis Paper? If you’re a management professional, here are 7 resume tips which will set you apart from your competition.
We’ve all met those people everyone wants to see succeed. Your resume’s job is to cement your position as that person, ensuring the recruiter, hiring manager, and everyone else is rooting for structure your success. Think of your resume as your own diplomatic envoy, going forth into subprime crisis paper, unknown organisations to how 911 changed the world essay lay the mortgage paper groundwork before your official visit. While your resume has to park communicate the skills and competencies required for the job, it has an even bigger job which most candidates never consider: building a team of champions, and getting recruiters and paper, hiring managers onside to support your candidacy above all others. The key to doing this is being likeable, and while it takes time and practice to psychopathology master the art of putting personality to paper, the best place to start is with a Professional Summary section. Forget the subprime mortgage paper “objectives” section from decades past, and school persuasive essay questions, tell me a story about who you are, what you do, and what makes you different. Paper? Write in the first person, using “I” language to make it relatable, and mix up the content with information about your story, relevant keywords, and your professional approach and leadership style. Think of school essay questions, all the crisis research paper ways you’re communicating your personal brand on a daily basis: sending your resume and cover letter for a job; sharing your thoughts and experience via social media or blogs; networking at a conference; just chatting with other parents at your son or daughter’s swim class. Now imagine how powerful it would be if you always said the same thing.
Even better: what if others – your colleagues, clients, and recruiters – started describing you in the same way? There’s not as much pressure on early career professionals to know their key value because it’s understood that they may still be discovering it. Management professionals, however, need to harvard application be able to communicate what makes them different. This is where key messaging comes in. Skilful use of crisis, key messages is one of the most effective ways to how 911 changed the world essay launch you from candidate to thought leader, but it takes time and a concerted effort. If you’re just starting to build your professional brand, take the time to define your key messages before you write your resume, using the following questions to guide you: What drives you? What makes you different from other candidates or leaders in mortgage crisis paper, your industry?
What’s your professional mantra? What are the child psychopathology research underlying themes supporting your success? Once you have a clear understanding of the value you add, communicate it throughout your resume and mortgage crisis research, the other platforms that support your professional brand: cover letters, LinkedIn, social media posts, websites, and theme park thesis, elevator pitches. Most of the thousands of resumes I’ve reviewed over my career have taken a full meal deal approach to communicating experience, with details about day-to-day duties taking up most of the page. Subprime Mortgage Paper? This approach works for early and harvard essay, midcareer professionals who are expected to execute as part of paper, their job. For management professionals, however, it distracts from on south korean culture what recruiters really want to subprime mortgage know: role mandate, strategic priorities, and scope, as well as how you met your targets, contributed to organisational objectives, and applied strong commercial acumen to add value. Replacing the full meal deal with a taster approach is much more effective – think four or five bullet points for duties, and four or five relevant accomplishments.
This delivers a powerful, undiluted message showcasing your skills, experience, and ability to meet key performance indicators. It’s also much harder to execute. When every word matters, use the first bullet point to describe the role mandate and psychopathology, strategic objectives, followed by several bullets that communicate role scope and remit, such as size of team and department, PL or budget accountability, and reporting and subprime crisis research paper, business partnering relationships. Whereas some recruiters specialise by industry or function, many are generalists particularly at the management and executive level. A common complaint among candidates is that recruiters don’t have enough specialised knowledge about the role or industry, and to how 911 changed a large extent this is a fair observation. Like journalists, non-specialist recruiters focus on building a knowledge base that’s an inch deep and a mile wide. Crisis Research? In other words, they know just enough about child psychopathology research, a lot of mortgage crisis research, different industries and functions. For professionals at all career levels, it’s wise to stick to theme common business language rather than specialist jargon or acronyms.
Don’t assume the recruiter will know you have particular skills, competencies, or knowledge simply by seeing your job titles and education. And don’t assume they’ll know what it is, even if you list a technology or process name. For management professionals, it’s important to mortgage research keep the main body of the resume at that 30,000foot level, focusing on role mandate, strategic priorities, and scope. Add technical information – where jargon and specialist terminology typically shows up – in a summary the end. Take it one step further by structure listing skills in a functional group, such as programming languages or project management methodologies.
This way, you communicate your qualifications without forcing the recruiter to do extra research, which may be a deciding factor in research, whether your resume moves forward. There’s a fine line between including the SEO-friendly keywords you expect the on south korean recruiter to look for, and using hackneyed terms that are so overused, they’ve lost all meaning. Resumes are notorious for being laden with cliches, and management professionals who operate at a high-level are often the worst offenders for relying upon stale, high-level terms like “driving success.” When every word matters, you need to replace non-specific cliches with specific details, facts and figures, and examples. The best rule I’ve come up with is to apply this classic piece of writing advice: show, rather than tell. In practice, this means expanding on phrases such as “worked to achieve positive commercial outcomes” by explaining what working and subprime crisis paper, positive outcomes really meant in that context, as in this example:
“Allocated human, financial, and manufacturing assets to increase factory output and theme park thesis, profitability, enabling the business to meet sales demand, improve customer satisfaction, and capture increased market share from subprime research key competitors.” Be as specific as possible, and after you’ve completed your first draft, go back through each and every bullet point, asking yourself, “Did I really define what that means?” The world’s best brands know that design, presentation, and experience matter as much as the product itself. While content is king, when it comes to your resume, the on south culture formatting, details, and research, overall experience often make up the “queen” and we all know that she often rules the household. Consider this: I once had a candidate fax his resume to me. In 2013. For a tech role.
His candidacy didn’t move forward, largely because his delivery was so out of touch with what the application 2015 client needed: an early adopter comfortable with the latest technology. Mortgage Research Paper? In my experience, many management professionals are playing by the same rules that governed the hiring process during their early career years. Practices that were expected 15 years ago no longer apply, and can actually hurt your candidacy by making you look old fashioned, or open you up to essay silent age discrimination. Don’t send a physical resume, unless it’s specifically requested. Remember that old gem of advice to mortgage crisis research paper print your resume on heavy, cream paper and essay structure, drop it off in crisis paper, person? It’s long dead. Theme Park? Most recruiters need an electronic version, which allows them to search for key words and share with their team and client. Don’t bother with a residential phone number, unless you’re actually home during business hours when a recruiter might call. List your mobile number, and change your message to indicate it’s a personal and confidential voicemail box so the recruiter can confidently leave a detailed message without worrying about prying ears. Choose your email address carefully.
Most recruiters won’t care if you use your current work email, but it’s quite possible your future employer will. Skip straight past options like Gmail and invest in crisis paper, a personal domain name and email address, like [email protected], which immediately increases your credibility as a modern, tech savvy manager. Cull your technology skills to include relevant, current software only, forgoing a laundry list of every technology you’ve ever used. On South Culture? Think long and paper, hard before listing “Microsoft Office” as a skill, as it is school persuasive a given that you know how to use word processing software. The exception is Microsoft Excel: if you have advanced Excel skills that allow you to manipulate and subprime crisis research paper, analyse large data sets, it’s worth listing. Use a modern font and design, staying far, far away from changed essay Microsoft Word templates. If you’re not confident with basic design principles, hire a designer, or better yet engage a personal branding agency to lead you through the end-to-end process.
The days of being good enough are long gone. Things that used to make management professionals stand out, like an MBA, professional designation, or experience in mortgage crisis, top tier organisations, often form the essay bare minimum today. Subprime Research? Conducting comprehensive internet searches for senior candidates is now standard practice, with recruiters looking for anything that detracts from or reaffirms what you said in your resume. If you don’t know what recruiters will find, it’s time to start paying attention. A well executed personal brand strategy is your greatest opportunity to influence recruitment outcomes in 2015. Imagine how powerful it would be if a recruiter received your resume and Googled you, only to find: a personal, professionally designed website, with engaging copy that tells your story, and a blog that positions you as a thought leader; news results with trade and popular media mentions, both as an expert to journalists and a guest author in essays on south, key publications; a robust social media presence that gives insight into who you are and subprime mortgage research, what you do, positioning you in questions, a way that aligns with the cultures of your target organisations; professional portraits that portray you as an approachable and competent leader. Fair or not, the candidates who have the most success in job search are the ones who are the best at marketing themselves. While your resume is a critical tool in the job search toolbox, it’s only one of many tools you should be using to communicate your value as a management professional.
Author: Irene McConnell runs Arielle Careers, Australia’s #1 executive personal branding agency. They specialize in crafting executive resumes, LinkedIn profiles and crisis research, digital career assets. 2015? This post is subprime mortgage research written by a guest author. If you are interested our sponsored content options, check out the child research the Advertising Page - we look forward to hearing from you!
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Strategic management: singapore airlines. PEST analysis is subprime crisis, use extensively to middle persuasive essay, organize the result of environmental scanning. The theory is believed to be originated in the 1980s with various author included variations of the taxonomy classifications in a variety of orders: PEST, PESTLE, STEEPLE etc [Morrison, 2009]. PEST stands for Political, Economic, Social and Technology. The Extended forms of PESTLE have further includes Legal and subprime crisis research paper Environment.
Another version of changed essay, STEEPLE has further extended to include Ethical or Education and some even extended it to STEEPLED which includes demographic. Mortgage Paper! It is important to understand the key drivers of change on these factors and the differential impact of these external influences and drivers have on particular industries of interest [Johnson, Kevan and Richard 2007]. The SWOT analysis concept is originated from SOFT analysis introduced by Albert Humphrey with original goal to study corporate planning. SOFT is the acronyms for Satisfactory, Opportunity, Fault and Threat. Urick and Orr introduce SWOT analysis in 1964 during a seminar in Long Range Planning changing Satisfaction and Fault into Strength and Weakness [Morrison 2009].
Opportunity and Threat are factors external to the organisation, PEST analysis is often perform for this purposes. Strength and Weakness are factor internal to the organisation, it is research, often done by analysing the organisation's financial position, product position, marketing capability, research and development capability, organisational structure, human resources, facilities/equipments and past objective and strategy [Thames Business School, P63]. Porter's five forces are developed by Michael E. Porter during 1979 as a framework to paper, analyze industry and business strategy [Wikipedia, 2008]. The five forces includes threat of persuasive, new entrants, rivalry among existing firms, threat of a substitute products or services, bargaining power of buyers and bargaining power of suppliers. Research Paper! Freeman recommends a sixth force: Relative power of other stakeholders, being added to Porter's original five forces [Thames Business School, P61]. Changed The World! This analysis if often uses to evaluate an organisation's competitive strength and its position in research paper the industry. Singapore airlines were originated from Malayan Airway Limited where the company started it business on year 1947.
Due to political reason, the essays korean culture, company was renamed Malaysian Airways, Malaysia-Singapore Airlines and finally split to Singapore Airlines and Malaysia Airlines System in 1972. Singapore Airlines is owned by Temasek Holding which is a state owned investment house. 1977. Surviving this, in 1977 the airlines joint operation with British Airway to provide Concord jet service between Singapore and London, the service was terminated in 1980. This however was deem a marketing success as Singapore Airline were make famous around the globe with this achievement. At the same period, new Changi Airport was constructed, leading to a higher service standard being provided by Singapore Airline. This has paid off and Singapore Airlines were the top preference in Asia-Pacific Region in subprime mortgage crisis paper 1981. Singapore has a stable political environment, with its dominant political party People's Action Party (PAP) holding the government since independences. Singapore government have allowed freedom in harvard corporate governance and have set little restriction to the industry. The company are able to make over 90% of the decision on its own.
The government only influence the company by appointing director over the company [Sikorski, 1995]. The government also allowed SIA to stress on subprime mortgage, profit when compare to public or social responsibility, the government supported the company for retrenchment practise during economy crisis [Sikorski, 1995]. The financial crisis on 2007 had severely hit countries around the world, which brings recession to most country. The crisis has last through 2008 and made financial institution very cautious in loaning money and companies have gone through tough cost cutting measure to survive. Sign of recovery have shown during year 2009 and IMF has predicted that most of the countries will be out of recession at the end of 2009. Singapore is an immigrant country and have a very diversify culture with close to 35% of its population is non citizen residing in the country, (25% of is foreigner and 10% are permanent resident). Law Research Structure! Despite this high non-citizen to citizen ratio, the subprime mortgage, country are still promoting foreign talent and believing that the country will be in a shortage of child psychopathology, labour if the immigrant policy were to crisis research paper, stop. The population consist of more than 75% Chinese, follow by Malay and Indian; main religion is Buddhism, Islam, Christian, Taoism and school persuasive essay questions Hinduism.
Despite the rich Asian culture the country have, Singapore is also one of the most westernizes country within Asia. The recent growing China economy and mortgage crisis its open door policy have landed Singapore with substantial foreign labour arrive from mainland China, this have created some cultural conflict among many Singaporean. The inventions of the computer, and subsequently Internet have prompt endless expansion of electronic and telecommunication innovation during the past decades. Recent development of high density (HD) video providing more crisp images, together with high speed computer processing speed to compress and law research decompress these images, and faster data transfer rate, resulted in subprime mortgage crisis high quality real time video conferencing with no time gap and essays on south korean clear sound and research image. Middle School Persuasive Essay! This had made video conferencing very attractive to mortgage research, companies as substitute for business travelling [Yu, 23 Jun 2009]. The airline industry require a huge capital investment, with at least millions of capital required before any business process, it is estimate that the structure, company require approximately $1 of capital to subprime mortgage research paper, generate $1 of revenue. How 911! It would require a lot of subprime crisis research paper, logistic works, highly skilled personal such as pilots, aircraft technicians and specialise managerial personnel which are often limited in essays on south resources in the industry. Limited access to mortgage research paper, airport and route are also another difficulty post to new entrant [Calingo. 1997]
The goods in the airline industry have fairly short shelf live, the service is consider a loss once the airplane take off, and all cost incur are not recoverable. The seats are usually around 75% full in capacity. Airlines that are dominant in Singapore region and consider in direct competition with SIA are very few, they are Malaysian Airlines System, Japan Airlines, Cathay Pacific and British Airway. 4.3 Threat of a substitute products or services. SIA had target business traveller that emphasis on research papers, comfort and paper time when travelling and are less cost conscious, this have made other mode of transport a poor substitute for SIA, especially on child research papers, medium and long haul flight.
However technology advancement have evolve new treat. Crisis Research! As discuss on previous section, video conferencing as a means of meeting relinquish the requirement for business travelling hence post serious treat as substitute to the whole airline industry. Changed The World! With technology advance, high quality video conferencing are able to be done at low capital investment of crisis paper, USD 18,500 and low maintenance fee [Calingo, 1997]. New feature had been introduce, such as sharing of files, computer screen, recording while doing video conferencing have made video conferencing to school questions, be near equal to face-to-face meeting. Although video conferencing forms a good substitute for meeting, it is only part of the reason for business travelling, other function such as inspection, discussion on sensitive issue, contractual support or hands-on servicing still require personnel to mortgage paper, be present. In general, SIA have a medium to low treat on substitute of structure, products or services. The airline industry had been commoditise over the years, with objective of getting from one point to another, it doesn't make a lot of difference on which airline they choose, this is true especially for long to medium haul flight. As the air space deregulate, for example, the mortgage crisis research paper, recent deregulation of Singapore-Malaysia air route had prompt an influx of other carrier such as Firefly and Air Asia to the market SIA and MAS (Malaysia Airlines System) once hold monopoly.
SIA have its own subsidiary Singapore Airport Terminal Service for ground handling service such as baggage handling and in-flight food and middle persuasive beverages supply. Mortgage Research! SIA's other subsidiary SIA Engineering had been engage in aircraft maintenance and servicing. SIA are also financially strong hence does not depends heavily on financial institution for middle persuasive questions business process. Subprime Mortgage Crisis! This leaves the main suppliers of SIA only air craft manufacturer. Theme Thesis! Jet fuel, even though form up to 40% of the airline expenditure (as of subprime mortgage crisis research paper, year 2008), is a commodity that fluctuate with crude oil price. 4.6 Relative power of school essay questions, Other Stakeholders. Other stake holder that plays a major role includes Airline Pilot Association - Singapore (Alpa-S), Singapore Airline Staff Union (SIASU), Singapore Government and crisis research paper other regulatory authority at destination country. Alpa-S is SIA's pilot union, as pilot are normally highly trained and park thesis difficult to replace, they have a much power over the airlines and will severely affect the subprime paper, business if they were to go on strike. SIA often had to invite government involvement to mediate major dispute unresolved [Yun, 24th Apr 2009].
As compare with Alpa-S, SIASU had a lesser bargaining power as other staff and crew have less expertise comparing with Alpa-S and are very diversify in its members background and job scope. SIA is one of the few airlines that maintain its profitability over the years, the essays on south korean, group have maintains its profitability even during 2008 financial crisis up till 2009. As of 2009, the group have assets worth SGD 24,818million and debt of SGD 1,693million, an equity-debt ratio of 0.12. The group also have a general reserve of SGD 12,815million and plans to subprime mortgage crisis research paper, invest SGD 12,300million in the next five year. The Earning per Share (EPS) is 89.6cents with 5.6% profit margin and middle school essay have liquid asset of SGD 2,805million. These demonstrate that the company are financially strong. A study by Aviation week magazine has rank SIA's financial health to crisis research, be 99%, way ahead of nearest runner up [Aviation Week, 11th Sep 2009]. Total of AAPA member. Table 1 Comparison of RPK. Airlines market size can be measure by Revenue Passenger-Kilometer (RPK). How 911 Changed The World Essay! Having based in Asia Pacific region, SIA, Cathay Pacific and Qantas all falls into the same category of medium cost, developed airlines.
These airlines have similar offering and mortgage research paper price level. The RPK of research, these airlines are listed in Table 1. It can be seen that SIA, Cathay and Qantas have market share of similar size [AAPA, 2009]. Figure 2 shows of SIA's RPK trends shows a quick climb from 2005 to 2007 and hit a stagnant from 2007 till 2009 mainly due to financial crisis. As the mortgage crisis research, market just shows recovery from how 911, mid of 2009, it is expected the market continue to shrink further and the RPK will further reduce on 2010 [SIA, 2005. The distribution channel of SIA is subprime mortgage crisis research, mainly by travel agents and essays korean internet booking. The airline are moving toward e-ticketing and are the first to subprime mortgage research, provide full interline e-ticketing system allowing complete ticketless boarding for passenger even when connecting flight using partner airlines [SIA, 2009].
The company have also made good placement in search engine, when searching using keyword 'Singapore Airline' and child psychopathology research papers 'Singapore Air ticket', SIA had appear on top list, however the domain address www.sia.com and www.sia.com.sg is research, not owned by SIA which is an disadvantages. On marketing effort in harvard application social network website, the subprime mortgage crisis research, company have no present in twitter and limited present in Facebook [Facebook, 2009]. All this shows that the company had not been very good at establishing itself on the internet even though the company is promoting its business on the internet. The company have spends lesser amount on thesis, marketing effort, figure 3 shows the declining trend of sales cost. Crisis Research Paper! At year 2009, the sales cost is 5% of total expenditure. This is theme thesis, still a high figure when compare with Qantas figure of 4.4% where as Cathay pacific had negligible marketing cost. The SIA brands had a 19% drop from the previous year but still are the top Singapore brand [Hooi, 24th Jun 2009]. Standing at about SGD 4billion, the value shows that the company are still well recognized around the worlds. 5.4 Research and development capability. The company had strong financial background and are constantly improving on in-flight entertainment and comfort. Major improvements are the launching of lie-flat bed in 2002 and the commercial launching of first Airbus 380 flight and its new airline suite class in subprime mortgage research 2007.
It also becomes the essays on south korean culture, first carrier to offer i-pod and i-phone connection in subprime crisis paper conjunction with new PC-application that allows the passenger to access their personal media file in-flight. The company are also the first to be able to implement interline ticketing system with all partner airlines [SIA, 2009]. These track records had proved the company have strong capability in research and korean development. SIA's organisation is divided primarily by function and has disadvantages of low responsibility at bottom level staff and subprime mortgage paper compartmentalize on how 911 essay, manager. Subprime! To tackle this, SIA have a flatten organisation chart with few level of hierarchy within the organisation, this allows autonomy and create a more flexible and dynamic business that empower people to make decision and leads to job enrichment. The company also promotes independences and encourage senior staff to train and child psychopathology papers allow junior staff to made decision. SIA's director are mainly appointed between year 2003 to 2007 and have a average age of subprime paper, 62 year old, the chief executive director Mr.
Chew Chong Seng had been with the company for 30years. The directors have diversity of background and holding key role from different but related industry, some are also government official and theme park consultant. 4day to be spends on refresher course each year and encourages self directive learning giving them responsibility on their own development. Subprime Mortgage Crisis! The result of the training is how 911 essay, obvious with a clear result of mortgage crisis research paper, self esteem, motivated, empathise and independence employee [Heracleous and Wirtz. 2009].
5.7 Condition of facilities and equipment. SIA fleet is one of the youngest in the worlds, standing at a average age of child psychopathology research papers, 6year old, it is way ahead of subprime mortgage, worldwide average of 14 to 15years old [Prystay, 28th Aug 2009]. Using latest technology aircraft also helps to reduce maintenance cost and fuel cost. The company also spends SGD 570million in the world essay 2006 to upgrade its cabin, providing customer with latest in-flight entertainment system and more comfortable seat. The company also have excess aircraft due to fall of demand because of financial crisis. SIA had mainly using related diversification strategy at research paper the corporate level, expanding its business into airline catering, aircraft maintenance and airport terminal service. It used dual strategy of differentiation and essays korean cost leadership, achieving cost effective service excellence by exceptionally high business efficiency. The SWOT analysis of SIA is research, presented below. · Strong financial position with high reserve.
· Considerate amount of market share. · Strong and established R D capability. · The company promotes autonomy hence able to quickly response to change of environment. · Strong human resource management with competence staffs that is highly motivated, service oriented and efficient. · Considerably new aircraft fleet and cabin design with excess capacity. · Highly reputable in theme the industry with many awards. · Low present on the Internet. · Not good at horizontal integration with a few failed acquisition. · No domestic market, revenue highly dependent on long haul cross country flights and subprime mortgage paper premium class. · The company uses internal growth strategy that is slow to gain size. · Have excess aircraft due to low demands.
· Considerately high spending on marketing. · Government is supportive and less restriction on persuasive essay, the airline's operation allowing freedom to change. · Singapore have good relationship with other country. · Many countries are coming out from the financial crisis. · Singapore Tourism Board (STB) promoting MICE with good prospect of premium business traveller. · Local culture emphasize on teamwork, harmony and hardworking. · Low substitution on product offered.
· Have high bargaining power over subprime crisis, the aircraft manufacturer. · Terrorism affecting airline industry. · Fluctuating oil price. · Video conferencing gaining popularity as substitute for business travelling. · Budget airline in the region getting establish and possible to venture into child premium market. · Facing fierce competition on the industry with many equal size player. · Commoditizing of flight services and reduces in mortgage crisis research differentiation as competitor catching up on offering. · High bargaining power of passenger and travel agents.
the following options have been considered: · Using Singapore's government connection and SIA brands and reputation, explore new market in countries with potential demand. · Having able to be flexible on the world, operation, the company can divert low profitability route to country that are out of crisis research paper, financial crisis. · Using strong RD resources, review and develop a marketing campaign using the internet, this can bring down the marketing cost also. · Having relied heavily on long haul flight and premium class for revenue, company can tapped on STB's MICE program to promote its brands on the event's boosting market share in this segment. · Having good service oriented culture and highly competence front line staff, it is possible to fostering relationship with passenger through personalize service; reduce down the effect of commoditising and harvard essay 2015 crease differentiation. · Having excess reserve and strong financial background, the subprime research paper, airline can look into investing in video conferencing business, diversifying its risk. · Having a slow growth rate, the company can maintain its position even in fierce competition avoiding price war as it does not needs to essays korean, quickly expand its market share. · Having excess aircraft, the company can consider selling it off to low cost carrier that is the expanding its route and in crisis needs to how 911 the world essay, increase fleet.
The possibility of combining strategy is numerous, but with objective of maintaining profitability by continuous to use service excellence cost leadership strategy, it would recommend that the mortgage crisis, airlines employ cost cutting measure to reduce down the fleet size, selling the excess aircraft off to other low cost carrier that are expanding at the moment. How 911 Essay! In continuing to subprime mortgage crisis research paper, crease service excellence, the company should look into how the front line staff are able to further foster relationship with the passenger creating a personalize service that differentiate the airlines with its competitor. As the pace of the world is psychopathology research papers, getting quicker due to research, advancement of technology, SIA flexibility and harvard application essay ability to adapt to research paper, change will definitely enable the company to continue to strive in future. Johnson, Gerry. Scholes, Keven. And Whittington, Richard.
2007. Exploring Corporate Strategy. 09 result. SIA. http://www.singaporeair.com/saa/en_UK/docs/company_info/investor/financial/AnalystBriefingFY0809.pdf. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you.
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Exam Questions: Types, Characteristics, and Suggestions. Examinations are a very common assessment and evaluation tool in universities and there are many types of examination questions. This tips sheet contains a brief description of seven types of examination questions, as well as tips for mortgage crisis research paper, using each of them: 1) multiple choice, 2) true/false, 3) matching, 4) short answer, 5) essay, 6) oral, and 7) computational. Remember that some exams can be conducted effectively in a secure online environment in a proctored computer lab or assigned as paper based or online “take home” exams. Multiple choice questions are composed of one question (stem) with multiple possible answers (choices), including the correct answer and several incorrect answers (distractors). Typically, students select the correct answer by park thesis, circling the subprime research associated number or letter, or filling in the associated circle on application essay 2015 the machine-readable response sheet. A) Elements of the subprime crisis paper exam layout that distract attention from the questions. B) Incorrect but plausible choices used in multiple choice questions.
C) Unnecessary clauses included in the stem of multiple choice questions. Students can generally respond to these type of questions quite quickly. As a result, they are often used to law research structure, test student’s knowledge of a broad range of content. Subprime Mortgage Crisis Paper! Creating these questions can be time consuming because it is park thesis, often difficult to generate several plausible distractors. Research Paper! However, they can be marked very quickly. Tips for writing good multiple choice items: Long / complex sentences Trivial statements Negatives and double-negatives Ambiguity or indefinite terms, absolute statements, and essay broad generalization Extraneous material Item characteristics that provide a clue to the answer misconceptions.
Statements too close to subprime mortgage, the correct answer Completely implausible responses ‘All of the above,’ ‘none of the above’ Overlapping responses (e.g., if ‘A’ is true) Your own words – not statements straight out of the textbook Single, clearly formulated problems. Plausible and essays on south culture homogeneous distractors Statements based on mortgage crisis research common student misconceptions True statements that do not answer the questions Short options – and park all same length Correct options evenly distributed over A, B, C, etc. Alternatives that are in paper logical or numerical then ‘C’ is also true) order At least 3 alternatives. Suggestion : After each lecture during the term, jot down two or three multiple choice questions based on the material for essay structure, that lecture. Regularly taking a few minutes to compose questions, while the material is fresh in your mind, will allow you to develop a question bank that you can use to construct tests and exams quickly and easily. True/false questions are only composed of a statement.
Students respond to the questions by indicating whether the statement is true or false. For example: True/false questions have only two possible answers (Answer: True). Like multiple choice questions, true/false questions: Are most often used to assess familiarity with course content and to check for mortgage research, popular misconceptions Allow students to respond quickly so exams can use a large number of them to test knowledge of a broad range of content Are easy and quick to grade but time consuming to essay structure, create. True/false questions provide students with a 50% chance of guessing the right answer. For this reason, multiple choice questions are often used instead of true/false questions. Tips for subprime mortgage research paper, writing good true/false items: Negatives and double-negatives Long / complex sentences Trivial material Broad generalizations Ambiguous or indefinite terms. Your own words The same number of true and false statements (50 / 50) or slightly more false statements than true (60/40) – students are more likely to answer true One central idea in each item.
Suggestion : You can increase the usefulness of true/false questions by child research, asking students to correct false statements. Students respond to matching questions by pairing each of a set of stems (e.g., definitions) with one of the choices provided on the exam. These questions are often used to assess recognition and recall and so are most often used in courses where acquisition of detailed knowledge is an research paper, important goal. They are generally quick and easy to create and essays culture mark, but students require more time to respond to mortgage crisis research paper, these questions than a similar number of theme multiple choice or true/false items. Example: Match each question type with one attribute: Multiple Choice a) Only two possible answers True/False b) Equal number of stems and subprime mortgage research paper choices Matching c) Only one correct answer but at least three choices. Tips for writing good matching items:
Long stems and options Heterogeneous content (e.g., dates mixed with people) Implausible responses. Short responses 10-15 items on only one page Clear directions Logically ordered choices (chronological, alphabetical, etc.) Suggestion: You can use some choices more than once in the same matching exercise. Middle School Persuasive Essay Questions! It reduces the effects of guessing. Short answer questions are typically composed of a brief prompt that demands a written answer that varies in length from mortgage, one or two words to a few sentences. They are most often used to test basic knowledge of theme park thesis key facts and terms. An example this kind of short answer question follows: “What do you call an exam format in which students must uniquely associate a set of paper prompts with a set of options?” Answer: Matching questions.
Alternatively, this could be written as a fill-in-the-blank short answer question: “An exam question in which students must uniquely associate prompts and options is law research essay, called a. ___________ question.” Answer: Matching. Short answer questions can also be used to test higher thinking skills, including analysis or. evaluation. For example: “Will you include short answer questions on your next exam? Please justify your decision with. two to three sentences explaining the factors that have influenced your decision.” Short answer questions have many advantages. Subprime Paper! Many instructors report that they are relatively easy to construct and can be constructed faster than multiple choice questions.
Unlike matching, true/false, and multiple choice questions, short answer questions make it difficult for students to. guess the middle persuasive essay answer. Subprime Mortgage Crisis Paper! Short answer questions provide students with more flexibility to explain their understanding and middle persuasive essay questions demonstrate creativity than they would have with multiple choice questions; this also means that scoring is relatively laborious and can be quite subjective. Short answer. questions provide more structure than essay questions and mortgage crisis research thus are often easy and faster to mark and harvard application essay often test a broader range of the course content than full essay questions. Tips for writing good short answer items: Your own words Specific problems Direct questions.
Taking out so many words that the sentence is meaningless. Prompts that omit only one or two key words at mortgage paper, the end of the sentence. Suggestion : When using short answer questions to test student knowledge of definitions consider having a mix of questions, some that supply the term and require the students to provide the definition, and other questions that supply the definition and require that students provide the term. The latter sort of harvard 2015 questions can be structured as fill-in-the-blank questions. This mix of formats will better test student knowledge because it doesn’t rely solely on recognition or recall of the term. Essay questions provide a complex prompt that requires written responses, which can vary in length from a couple of paragraphs to many pages. Like short answer questions, they provide students with an opportunity to explain their understanding and demonstrate creativity, but make it hard for students to arrive at an acceptable answer by bluffing.
They can be constructed reasonably quickly and subprime paper easily but marking these questions can be time-consuming and changed the world grader agreement can be difficult. Essay questions differ from short answer questions in research that the essay questions are less structured. On South Korean Culture! This openness allows students to demonstrate that they can integrate the subprime research paper course material in creative ways. As a result, essays are a favoured approach to test higher levels of cognition including analysis, synthesis and how 911 the world evaluation. Subprime! However, the requirement that the students provide most of the structure increases the amount of work required to respond effectively. Students often take longer to compose a five paragraph essay than they would take to compose five one paragraph answers to short answer questions. This increased workload limits the number of essay questions that can be posed on a single exam and thus can restrict the how 911 overall scope of an exam to a few topics or areas. To ensure that this doesn’t cause students to subprime mortgage crisis paper, panic or blank out, consider giving the law research structure option of answering one of two or more questions. Tips for writing good essay items: Complex, ambiguous wording Questions that are too broad to allow time for crisis paper, an in-depth response.
Your own words Words like ‘compare’ or ‘contrast’ at essay, the beginning of the question Clear and unambiguous wording A breakdown of marks to mortgage research, make expectations clear Time limits for thinking and application writing. Suggestions : Distribute possible essay questions before the exam and make your marking criteria slightly stricter. This gives all students an equal chance to crisis paper, prepare and should improve the quality of the answers – and the quality of child psychopathology papers learning – without making the exam any easier. Oral examinations allow students to subprime mortgage crisis, respond directly to the instructor’s questions and/or to present prepared statements. These exams are especially popular in language courses that demand ‘speaking’ but they can be used to assess understanding in almost any course by following the guidelines for the composition of short answer questions. Some of the principle advantages to oral exams are that they provide nearly immediate feedback and application essay so allow the student to paper, learn as they are tested. There are two main drawbacks to oral exams: the amount of time required and the problem of record-keeping. Oral exams typically take at least ten to persuasive essay questions, fifteen minutes per subprime, student, even for a midterm exam. As a result, they are rarely used for large classes. Furthermore, unlike written exams, oral exams don’t automatically generate a written record. To ensure that students have access to written feedback, it is recommended that instructors take notes during oral exams using a rubric and/or checklist and provide a photocopy of the notes to essay structure, the students.
In many departments, oral exams are rare. Students may have difficulty adapting to this new style of assessment. In this situation, consider making the oral exam optional. While it can take more time to prepare two tests, having both options allows students to choose the one which suits them and their learning style best. Computational questions require that students perform calculations in order to solve for an answer. Computational questions can be used to assess student’s memory of solution techniques and their ability to apply those techniques to solve both questions they have attempted before and questions that stretch their abilities by requiring that they combine and mortgage research paper use solution techniques in novel ways. Effective computational questions should: Be solvable using knowledge of the key concepts and techniques from the course. Before the essay exam solve them yourself or get a teaching assistant to attempt the questions. Mortgage Research Paper! Indicate the mark breakdown to reinforce the expectations developed in structure in-class examples for the amount of detail, etc. required for the solution.
To prepare students to do computational questions on exams, make sure to subprime crisis research, describe and essays model in class the correct format for the calculations and answer including: How students should report their assumptions and paper justify their choices The units and degree of precision expected in how 911 changed the answer. Suggestion : Have students divide their answer sheets into two columns: calculations in one, and a list of assumptions, description of research paper process and justification of choices in application 2015 the other. This ensures that the marker can distinguish between a simple mathematical mistake and a profound conceptual error and give feedback accordingly. Cunningham, G.K. (1998). Mortgage Crisis Paper! Assessment in the Classroom. Bristol, PA: Falmer Press. Ward, A.W., Murray-Ward, M. (1999).
Assessment in the Classroom. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co. This Creative Commons license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon our work non-commercially, as long as they credit us and structure indicate if changes were made. Use this citation format: Exam questions: types, characteristics and suggestions . Centre for Teaching Excellence, University of mortgage research paper Waterloo . The University of how 911 changed Waterloo is committed to crisis, achieving barrier-free accessibility for persons with disabilities who are visiting, studying, or working at Waterloo. If you have questions concerning access, such as parking, building layouts, or obtaining information in alternative formats, or wish to request accommodations for a CTE workshop or event, please contact CTE via email ([email protected]) or phone (ext. 33857) and include the session’s title and harvard application essay 2015 date. Our workshops typically involve a mix of presentation and discussion-based activities, and we encourage a scent-free environment. We also welcome accompanying assistants, interpreters, or note-takers; notify us if accommodations are needed in mortgage research this regard. Please note that some accommodations may require time to arrange.
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