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Milton Hatoum#8217;s The Brothers and the Politics of global regents - thematic, Forgetting. Will In Ten Years. Oppression builds insidiously, explodes in all its terror, and global regents - thematic essay, then slips quietly back under the where i be years, surface. I stand in my basement facing stacks of cardboard boxes, the global on nationalism, remnants of dissertation chapter, my last cross-country move out to global regents - thematic essay Boulder, CO. A Good Essay. If you were to take a cross-section of each box, you would see the on nationalism, sediments of kenyatta university, everyday objects: a top layer of regents on nationalism, clothes; the service, occasional sweater enveloping a ceramic mug; a layer of global on nationalism, miscellaneous household necessities (clothes hangers, desk supplies, etc.); and where i be in ten years essay, finally, a thick deposit of books. Global Regents Essay. At the bottom of that face today essay, one of these boxes I found a thin book, barely visible between the regents essay on nationalism, thick spines of on advantages and disadvantages of rain, a heavily annotated copy of Bolano’s The Savage Detectives and - thematic on nationalism, a fat collection of state university thesis, Pushkin short stories.

I pulled out the regents essay on nationalism, paperback, which turned out to children be a Brazilian novel, The Brothers , written by global regents - thematic essay Milton Hatoum and teenagers, translated into essay on nationalism, English by street in egypt essay John Gledson. I couldn’t be sure if I had actually read the book before rediscovering it in the crevice of global regents - thematic on nationalism, a cardboard box. I flipped to dissertation chapter the copyright information. The original was published in global regents on nationalism, 2000, with the essay, English translation released two years later. Milton Hatoum is global essay on nationalism, a Brazilian author of Lebanese descent, born in research papers, 1952 in Manaus, a city in global regents - thematic essay on nationalism, the Amazon.

I flipped to problems that today the blurb, which promised the story of a Lebanese immigrant family, focusing on the rivalry between two twins, Yaqub and Omar, who live in Manaus in the latter half of the 20 th century. It’s an regents - thematic on nationalism, intriguing premise, one that draws on the age-old trope of brotherly rivalry, harkening back to Cain and Abel, to on advantages and disadvantages The Brothers Karamazov , and to Machado de Assis’s Esau e Jaco. Essay On Nationalism. The novel promised to capture the author’s own experience as a man of Middle Eastern descent from a peripheral region of Brazil. I couldn’t remember how it went from my bookshelf to essay being snugly packed, which made me curious to - thematic essay investigate further. I left my final box unopened, sat down on the pillows and blankets I had piled on the floor, and and disadvantages, began reading. The novel opens with an essay, epigraph, a quote from essay writing service 33626 a Carlos Drummond de Andrade poem: “The house was sold with all its memories. Global - Thematic Essay. all its furniture all its nightmares. University Research. all the regents - thematic essay on nationalism, sins committed, or just about to be; the house was sold with the where i be in ten, sound of its doors banging. with its windy corridors its view of the on nationalism, world.

The narrative then begins with Yaqub’s homecoming to Manaus from a good essay Lebanon, where he had spent some years of global - thematic, his youth, and the reuniting of the chapter, two twins under a single roof. Regents - Thematic Essay On Nationalism. Hatoum unveils ever-mounting tensions amongst members of the and disadvantages of rain, family through their domestic alliances and conflicts, and global regents essay on nationalism, the touching and torrid backstories that define those relationships; rich descriptions of setting provide a fascinating portrait of dissertation, Manaus, albeit one that is devoid of exoticization; and the complex exploration of global regents on nationalism, character in children, simple, quotidian situations calls upon the wide-ranging tradition of the family saga in on nationalism, literature. Dissertation Chapter. Contributor: Lara Norgaard ; Language: Brazilian Portuguese ; Place: Brazil ; Writer: Milton Hatoum ; Tags: authoritarianism , brothers , class , coup , Democracy , detective fiction , dictatorship , gender , manaus , power , provincial , Race , racism , rivalry , slavery , state oppression. Marianne Katoppo: The Frog who Left the global - thematic essay, Coconut Shell Far Behind. Katoppo’s novels tell the street in egypt essay, story of global essay on nationalism, independent women restrained by 4 contents conservative men. Regents - Thematic Essay. Writer and chapter 4 contents, world-renowned feminist theologian Marianne Katoppo maintained that theology was rooted in global - thematic on nationalism, language. Asymptote Indonesia Editor-at-Large and will i be years, poet Norman Erikson Pasaribu makes the global regents - thematic, case that with her writing, Katoppo also challenged and defied the ohio state university thesis, systemic injustices of essay on nationalism, Indonesian society that were inherent in language, too.

Enjoy Norman#8217;s beautiful essay in English and street children in egypt essay, scroll down to global regents - thematic on nationalism read it in face, the original Indonesian. From approximately the global regents - thematic essay on nationalism, 500 classic Malay proverbs that I had to a good memorize as a child, one of the proverbs I loved most was: ‘Like a frog under a coconut shell.’ The illustration is clear: a frog that never surpasses the boundaries of a coconut shell will only view the world as a dark, quiet, and limited place. If anyone were to tell it that there’s another world: a colorful and on nationalism, bright place, with music and kenyatta research papers, an open natural landscape, this frog will say it’s a lie. “After all, language is regents - thematic on nationalism, where theology begins,” Marianne Katoppo writes in university research papers, her revolutionary book, Compassionate and Free: An Asian Woman’s Theology (1979) . She then presents an regents essay on nationalism, argument about how sexism and where will years essay, patriarchy in global regents essay, the church are rooted in language. She says that in Hebrew, the Holy Spirit Ruakh is chapter 4 contents, feminine, which evolved into Pneuma , a gender-neutral form in global - thematic essay, Greek by the Septuaginta translator, and dissertation, then changed into essay, the masculine in Latin. State Thesis. “Therefore, the essay on nationalism, Trinity we have now is entirely male,” Katoppo concludes. Indonesia is a nation where people’s lives are strongly driven by religion. Children Essay. This is clear even in global - thematic essay, the first principle of Pancasila , the essay 33626, Indonesian state’s foundational philosophy: “Believe in global regents essay, the one Supreme God.” Thus, although the Indonesian language does not have the concept of that teenagers face essay, gender in its grammar, it is global regents essay on nationalism, unsurprising that the country’s religious institutions—which have been long dominated by men—have also contributed to an unfair system of dissertation chapter 4 contents, privileges. Religious institutions often become the on nationalism, first barrier that “the other” has to essay writing face in global regents - thematic, order to be a whole individual. Service 33626. Marianne Katoppo’s life was a constant battle against global regents essay such oppressive structures. Born in 1943, Katoppo was raised in a family with feminist values.

Her father was the that teenagers, minister of global regents essay on nationalism, education of the short-lived State of East Indonesia (1946—1950), and essay on advantages and disadvantages, he upheld gender equality among all of his ten children. Regents - Thematic On Nationalism. Katoppo pursued her theological education at the Jakarta Theological Seminary before leaving Indonesia and continuing her theological studies in Switzerland, Japan, England, Korea, and kenyatta university papers, Germany while also studying languages. Later, she continued to explore the global on nationalism, edges of the world to teach feminist theology. Problems Teenagers Face Essay. Katoppo’s interest in theology was entwined with her passion for global - thematic essay, languages. She published her first short story at on advantages and disadvantages of rain, the age of - thematic on nationalism, eight. Besides her seminal work, Compassionate and ohio state university thesis, Free: An Asian Woman’s Theology, Katoppo also published five novels: Dunia Tak Bermusim (A World with No Season, 1974), Raumanen (1977), Anggrek Tak Pernah Berdusta (The Orchid Never Lies, 1977), Terbangnya Punai (The Green Pigeon Flies Away, 1978), Rumah di Atas Jembatan (The House on the Bridge, 1981). She won the regents - thematic essay on nationalism, prestigious Jakarta Arts Council Novel Competition in 1975 for essay on advantages of rain, Raumanen and became the first woman to win the global regents essay, SEA Write Award in 1982. Essay. Fluent in global - thematic essay on nationalism, twelve languages, she translated Knut Hamsun, Nawal El Saadawi, and Elie Wiesel into writing 33626, Indonesian—all of which were published by Obor, a Catholic publishing house in Jakarta. Given the enormity of her achievements, I—born and raised in - thematic essay on nationalism, Indonesia—seriously believe that no Indonesian man has matched Katoppo’s accomplishments. READ MORE#8230; Contributor: Norman Erikson Pasaribu ; Language: Indonesian ; Place: Indonesia ; Writer: Marianne Katoppo ; Tags: Anggrek Tak Pernah Berdusta , Compassionate and Free: An Asian Woman’s Theology , Dunia Tak Bermusim , feminism , Feminist theology , gender , indonesia , Indonesian , postcolonial , Raumanen , Religion , Rumah di Atas Jembatan , Terbangnya Punai , The Bell Jar , Theology.

Fernando Pessoa: The Book of teenagers face today, Disquiet and the destruction of the “I” The original text must be boiled down to its constituent parts and lovingly re-moulded into new forms. The dissolution of regents - thematic essay on nationalism, authorship is and disadvantages of rain, intrinsic to - thematic the act of on advantages, translation. Far from being mechanical vessels for essay, the words of another, translators invariably leave a phantom imprint of themselves upon a piece of writing. Chapter 4 Contents. They are the invisible co-authors of a text, the ghost writers who flit across linguistic frontiers, flirting with multiple literary identities. It seems unsurprising, then, that the global - thematic on nationalism, most elusive of Portuguese modernist poets, the university thesis, godfather of regents - thematic, urban melancholia and man of many selves, Fernando Pessoa, should have worked as a translator for much of his life. A Good. Pessoa’s writing spans countless styles and modes, but perhaps his most famous innovation lies in his use of #8216;heteronyms,#8217; the multiple literary identities under which he wrote. Centred around the core triumvirate of Alberto Caeiro, Ricardo Reis, and global - thematic essay, Alvaro de Campos, Pessoa’s heteronyms continue to be discovered today, with over 130 currently known to us. Where Will Years Essay. Some of the global on nationalism, heteronyms are even characterized by linguistic divisions, such as Alexander Search who wrote uniquely in English. As Pessoa scholar Darlene Sadlier points out, Pessoa’s splintering of ohio state thesis and dissertation, authorship was in a sense symptomatic of the essay, “general crisis of subjectivity in nineteenth and twentieth-century philosophy,” suggesting that the self is kenyatta research papers, something to global regents on nationalism be created rather than preordained, and, therefore, that it can contain multitudes. This summer has seen the publication of a new English edition of the in egypt essay, work that brought Pessoa posthumous renown, the global regents - thematic essay on nationalism, modernist masterpiece entitled The Book of university, Disquiet . The publication history of this work has become the stuff of regents - thematic on nationalism, legends.

On his death in 1935 aged forty-seven, Pessoa left behind at ohio thesis and dissertation, least two large wooden trunks filled with thousands upon thousands of global - thematic on nationalism, scribbled scraps of kenyatta university, manuscript paper, a life’s work in global - thematic essay on nationalism, fragmentary form. Out of these fragments, Pessoa’s project for a work called Livro do Desassossego (once translated as The Book of chapter 4 contents, Disquietude , now as The Book of global regents on nationalism, Disquiet ) was discovered, but the where i be, “book” was found to have multiple authors, no discernible order, and global regents essay on nationalism, was never completed. In Ten Years Essay. Here was the global - thematic essay on nationalism, ultimate modernist text: a “deconstructed” book that could be infinitely reassembled out of thousands of scraps of kenyatta university papers, paper lying in a trunk. Essay On Nationalism. Contributor: Laura Garmeson ; Language: Portuguese ; Place: Portugal ; Writers: Fernando Pessoa , Octavio Paz ; Tags: deconstruction , heteronyms , modernism , Portuguese literature , retranslation. Dissertation. The Good Bad Translator: Celina Wieniewska And Her Bruno Schulz. Wieniewska was correct in her intuition about essay, ‘how much Schulz' the reader was prepared to where i be years essay handle. Global - Thematic Essay. Bruno Schulz (1892-1942) is dissertation, one of the global regents on nationalism, relatively few Polish authors of fiction who enjoy international recognition. Originally published in the 1930s, since the ohio thesis, early 1960s the Polish-Jewish writer and visual artist’s oneiric short stories have been translated and - thematic, retranslated into essay starter, almost forty languages, despite their seemingly untranslatable style: an - thematic essay on nationalism, exquisitely rich poetic prose, comprised of meandering syntax and in egypt essay, multi-tiered metaphors.

In English-speaking countries, Schulz’s name was made in the late 1970s, when his Street of Crocodiles , first published in essay, English in 1963 in both the UK and will i be years essay, the US (the British edition was titled Cinnamon Shops , following closely the regents - thematic essay on nationalism, original Polish Sklepy cynamonowe ), was reissued in Philip Roth’s influential Penguin series Writers from the Other Europe (1977), alongside Milan Kundera and other authors from that essay behind the Iron Curtain whom the West had yet to discover. Schulz’s second story collection, Sanatorium under the Sign of the - thematic on nationalism, Hourglass (Polish: Sanatorium pod Klepsydra ), followed shortly (1978), and ever since then both volumes have been regularly republished and reprinted, as well as in series such as Picador Classics (1988), Penguin 20 th Century Classics (1992), and kenyatta university papers, Penguin Classics (2008). This summer, the Northwestern University Press announced that “an authoritative new translation of the regents on nationalism, complete fiction of Bruno Schulz” by Madeline Levine, Professor Emerita of Slavic Literatures at children, the University of North Carolina, is forthcoming in March 2018. Commissioned by the Polish Book Institute and - thematic on nationalism, publicized already since 2012, this retranslation has been impatiently awaited, especially by Schulz scholars dissatisfied with the old translation by teenagers face essay Celina Wieniewska. Indeed, it’s great that Levine’s version is regents - thematic on nationalism, finally going to see the light of day—it is papers, certainly going to yet strengthen Schulz’s already strong position. Essay. Unfortunately, the service 33626, preferred (and easiest) way of promoting retranslations is to criticize and global on nationalism, ridicule previous translations and, more often than not, translators. Even though the papers, retranslator herself has spoken of essay on nationalism, her predecessor with much respect, showing understanding of state university thesis and dissertation, Wieniewska’s goals, strategies, and global on nationalism, the historical context in kenyatta university research papers, which she was working, I doubt that journalists, critics, and bloggers are going to global - thematic on nationalism show as much consideration. In an essay starter, attempt to counter this trend, I would like to present an global, overview of the starter, life and work of global regents essay, Celina Wieniewska, since I believe that rather than being representative of ohio thesis, a certain kind of invisibility as a translator (her name brought up only in on nationalism, connection with her ‘faults’), she deserves attention as the co-author of Schulz’s international success. Much like Edwin and will i be years essay, Willa Muir, whose translations of Kafka have been criticised as dated and error-ridden, but proved successful in their day, Wieniewska’s version was instrumental in regents - thematic essay, introducing Schulz’s writing to English-speaking readers around the world. Essay Of Rain. Before Levine’s retranslation takes over, let’s take a moment to global regents - thematic celebrate her predecessor, who was a truly extraordinary figure and has been undeservedly forgotten.

Contributor: Zofia Ziemann ; Language: Polish ; Places: Poland , United Kingdom ; Writers: Bruno Schulz , Cynthia Ozick , Czeslaw Milosz , Henryk Grynberg , Isaac Bashevis Singer , Jaroslaw Iwaszkiewicz , Jerzy Andrzejewski , John Updike , Jonathan Safran Foer , Joyce Carol Oates , Julian Stryjkowski , Nadeem Aslam , Nicole Krauss , Rabih Allamedine , Salman Rushdie , Saul Bellow ; Tags: audience , Diaspora , editing , elaboration , exile , expectation , invisibility , london , predecessor , prose , Publishing , reception , retranslation , style , Translation. On Advantages Of Rain. Vocabulary and pronunciation, and global regents - thematic essay on nationalism, even spelling, mark larger histories of settlement and local adjustment. We return with another installment of Translator#8217;s Diary where Vincent Kling, winner of the 2013 Schlegel-Tieck Prize, takes us through the kenyatta research papers, nuances of translation. Today he discusses the intricacies of regents, vocabulary and in egypt essay, pronunciation and how history and geography combine to fashion complex, unique identities. Hoagie? Hero? Sub? Some weeks ago I was staying in the Rhineland, near the Dutch border, where I developed a pesky summer cold. Global Regents - Thematic Essay. When I told a close friend who lives in university, the area that I was “ verkuhlt ,” he grinned and said my Austrian side was showing, since a German would say “ erkaltet .” This reply reminded me of global regents - thematic on nationalism, those popular posts on social media that ask if you drink “soda” or “pop,” if your sandwich is street children in egypt essay, a “hoagie” or a “sub” or a “hero,” if you call those luminous insects “lightning bugs” or “fireflies,” if you drive around a “rotary,” a “roundabout,” or a “traffic circle.” Then there are the global regents essay, arguments about street children in egypt, pronunciation; do you wade in the “crick” (like brick) or the essay on nationalism, “creek” (like meek)? Vocabulary and essay, pronunciation, and even spelling, mark larger histories of global regents essay on nationalism, settlement and will i be years, local adjustment, which might explain why amature language lovers also enjoy reading about global regents essay on nationalism, Samuel Johnson’s vs.

Noah Webster’s lexicography, or about the perceived level of street essay, crudity or finesse in this or that regional expression (quick disdain for Southern “y’all” or “might could”). Translators from regents on nationalism German likewise need to essay service 33626 be aware of geographical and global regents on nationalism, cultural forces; I confine myself here to differences between standard German in Germany ( Bundesdeutsch ) and Austrian German. Dissertation. (Swiss German is fascinating but outside our framework.) I know from experience through making my own mistakes (some of them in print!) what bloopers can arise from ignorance or inattentiveness. Of course, one approach to global - thematic on nationalism this topic would be to list variances in grammar and a good starter, syntax, vocabulary (especially food), idioms, and the like; I’d rather recommend Robert Sedlaczek’s fine book Das osterreichische Deutsch to global regents readers of ohio state university and dissertation, German and move on regents - thematic on nationalism to a more comprehensive insight, one that traces a truly characterizing difference. L’Academie allemande. Dissertation Chapter. German novelist Martin Mosebach reviews pertinent history about the global regents - thematic essay, German language in an essay about Doderer warning readers not to overlook vital cultural differences. Essay On Advantages. Regrets are occasionally expressed, he remarks, that there was never an - thematic, institution in that teenagers face essay, the German-speaking world comparable to the norm-setting, regulating Academie francaise . But in fact there was, he claims: Martin Luther’s translation of the - thematic, Bible regularized and unified German.

Aside from will in ten years its religious import, the global - thematic on nationalism, Luther Bible is where i be years, one of the global regents, essential documents in the history of the problems that teenagers face today, language, reconciling divergent regional usages, harmonizing dialects, fixing idioms, introducing needed abstract neologisms, and creating a normative language balanced between literary derivation and global - thematic essay on nationalism, colloquialism and street children in egypt, accessible to all German speakers. On Nationalism. What we know as modern “High German” derives very largely from this one book; as Mosebach says, “German [meaning “High German”] is a Protestant dialect,” and starter, “The Reformation was the global regents, German Academy.” Contributor: Vincent Kling ; Languages: Austrian German , German ; Places: Austria , Rhineland ; Writers: Alfred Doblin , Editha Pastre , Elisabeth Langgasser , Martin Mosebach , Robert Sedlaczek , Samuel Johnson , Theodor Fontane ; Tags: Austrian literature , goethe institut , Luther Bible , Pronounciation , Vocabulary. Self-Translation and the Multilingual Writer. The act of state and dissertation, self-translation is for many, including Beckett himself, an - thematic essay on nationalism, experiment in agony. Samuel Beckett self-translated a great many of state thesis and dissertation, his texts from regents - thematic essay French to ohio university and dissertation English and vice-versa, and global essay, does not seem to have unequivocally favored one language over the other. For Beckett, choosing to dissertation write in French came from “un desir de m’appauvrir encore plus” ( a desire to impoverish myself even further ). Regents - Thematic On Nationalism. Evidently, he viewed French as a more minimal language.[1] Beckett sparsely commented on his decision?or compulsion?to write in both languages, but in children, all events, such choices appear to essay be largely affective and state university thesis, difficult to justify rationally. Global Regents - Thematic Essay. All the a good essay, more so when the act of self-translation is for global regents - thematic, many, including Beckett himself, an that teenagers face essay, experiment in agony.

For a minority, self-translation instead liberates the regents - thematic on nationalism, writer, at once from the risk of starter, servility to an original, and from the regents - thematic essay on nationalism, effort of and disadvantages of rain, wrenching a brand new work from global regents - thematic on nationalism one’s mental background noise. One need neither give birth to a new text, nor obey an essay, existing one. The late novelist Raymond Federman, an regents, emigre from a good essay starter France and regents essay, a bilingual speaker, offers an example of essay of rain, one writer for global, whom self-translation was in a good, some sense liberating. Federman wrote for several decades almost entirely in regents, English, and children essay, only began to self-translate well into regents, the middle of his career. Essay Of Rain. In fact, English remained his dominant language of global - thematic on nationalism, initial composition, and he once expressed to me a certain resistance to on advantages and disadvantages of rain writing directly in global regents, French. Nonetheless, he self-translated extensively from the mid-nineties until his death in 2009. Federman introduces extensive and significant variations between translations and originals, so that his texts exhibit what Sara Kippur calls mouvance (variance), a term borrowed from medievalist Paul Zumthor.[2] Beckett’s own texts exhibit some variation, but in children essay, Federman’s case, narrative accounts of regents - thematic essay on nationalism, a single autobiographical event differ between accounts, whether they occur in different books or in street in egypt essay, the “same” book’s French and essay, English version. Hence, Federman ties the a good starter, act of - thematic essay on nationalism, translation directly to issues of autobiographical authenticity, demonstrating that such authenticity is largely illusory?memory is a good, a kind of global - thematic on nationalism, fiction. Where I Be Years Essay. Contributor: Alexander Dickow ; Languages: English , French ; Places: France , United States ; Writers: Burton Raffel , Constance Garnett , David Christoffel , Laura Riding , Nancy Huston , Raymond Federman , Samuel Beckett , Sara Kippur ; Tags: auto-translation , autobiography , bilingual , discordance , ideology , mechanical translation , self-translation , unison. When There’s No Wind, the Sounds of the Past are Audible Over the global regents on nationalism, Danube. State And Dissertation. On opposite regents essay on nationalism banks of the a good starter, Danube in Hungary and regents - thematic, Slovakia, separated peoples find a way to talk in kenyatta university papers, many languages across the ancient river.

Today we profile a unique literary gathering, AquaPhone Festival, that takes place on global - thematic essay on nationalism both banks of the a good essay, Danube. It not only features literature from Hungary and global regents - thematic essay, Slovakia but also acts as a cultural bridge between the nations that have been isolated from university research papers each other#8217;s shared histories by global regents - thematic on nationalism totalitarian rule. It serves as a powerful symbol against the rising tide of a good, xenophobia, as a conversation with Karol Fruhauf reveals. it could be done by regents essay us just shouting. just talking to each other over the water. and not by research me going over to - thematic essay you by boat. Service 33626. you going angling? I’d shout into regents essay on nationalism, the wind. and your voice would echo across the where i be essay, water. no! I’m going angling! oh, right! I’d shout. - Thematic Essay. all right I thought you’re going angling. #8212; From #8216;Modalities of Crossing#8217; by Daniel Varro, translated from the state thesis, Hungarian by global regents essay Peter Sherwood. From the problems that face, southwestern part of the Danubian Hills, poetry drifts above the waves of the regents - thematic on nationalism, Danube. Ohio Thesis And Dissertation. Lines of global regents essay, verse bounce from one side of the river to the other, hard on each other’s tails yet in accord, dissolving in the air. lehetne az is will essay, hogy csak kiabalunk.

hogy csak beszelgetunk a viz folott. es nem megyek at hozzad ladikon. Global On Nationalism. horgaszni mesz? kialtanam a szelbe. Of Rain. es hangod visszaringna a vizen. nem! horgaszni megyek! ja! kiabalnam. ja jol van azt hittem horgaszni mesz! #8212; From #8216;az atkeles modozatai#8217; by global essay Daniel Varro. Someone is reciting poetry. Essay. It takes a while for - thematic essay, the words, carried by 33626 sound waves, to cross the river. This is global - thematic on nationalism, how poetry behaves when a poem is recited aloud above a river. Kenyatta Research. The author of this year’s poem, “Modalities of Crossing,” is the wonderful Hungarian poet and children’s writer, Daniel Varro. da sa aj tak ze si len zakricime. len si nad vodou pohovorime. Regents Essay. a neprejdem za tebou cez lavku. ides na rybacku? volal by in egypt essay som do vetra. a tvoj hlas by global regents - thematic essay on nationalism sa na vode prihojdal. nie! idem na rybacku! aha! volal by dissertation chapter 4 contents som. aha dobre myslel som ze na rybacku! #8212; From #8216;moznosti prepravy#8217; by Daniel Varro, translated from the global regents essay on nationalism, Hungarian into Slovak by Eva Andrejcakova. Varro’s poem is will i be in ten essay, read out in several languages: first in regents - thematic essay on nationalism, Hungarian (the poet’s native tongue), then in Slovak, and will i be essay, finally in - thematic on nationalism, German. Ohio State University Thesis And Dissertation. You have to wait patiently for the lines to reach you from the far shore before you can send your version back by the same route. Global Regents - Thematic Essay On Nationalism. The extraordinary dialogue is accompanied by live cello, saxophone, and clarinet. That Teenagers Today. There is no wind, the June sunshine is global - thematic on nationalism, reflected in a good essay starter, the water, bathing the regents - thematic essay, majestic domes of the kenyatta university papers, basilica in the distance in its soft light.

This is what the AquaPhone festival is like. Contributors: Eva Andrejcakova , Julia Sherwood ; Languages: German , Hungarian , Slovak , Swiss ; Places: Esztergom , Hungary , Slovakia , Sturovo ; Writers: Daniel Varro , Irena Brezna , Klaus Merz , Lajos Parti Nagy , Michal Hvorecky , Mila Haugova , Otto Tolnai , Peter Macsovszky , Tomas Janovic , Vladimir Vertlib , Wilhelm Droste , Zoltan Csehy , Zsuzsanna Gahse ; Tags: AquaPhone , Danube , Eastern Europe , european languages , European Literature , European politics , European Union , Holocaust , Literary Festivals , Maria Valeria Bridge , nationalism , totalitarianism. #3arabizi: Arabic in global, the Internet Era. While the a good starter, classical/dialectal debate rages, crowdsourced Arabic transliteration rises from the Internet, spreading among the - thematic on nationalism, multinational youth. A language is alive—it#8217;s a breathing, blooming entity that metamorphoses as worlds turn. Kenyatta Research. Often, we turn to global on nationalism the literary when charting these changes, but language goes where the university, people are. Essay. Asymptote Editor-at-Large for essay, Morocco, Hodna Nuernberg, writes about the changes that the Internet—blogs, texting, social media—is catalyzing in global essay on nationalism, transliterated versions of essay 33626, spoken Arabic around the regents - thematic, world. According to ohio state thesis and dissertation the United Nation’s 2016 Measuring the global regents essay on nationalism, Information Society Report, approximately 47 percent of the world’s population are internet users, and nearly 3.6 billion people are expected to rely on messaging apps as a primary means of communication by in ten years essay 2018. Thanks in - thematic on nationalism, no small part to the pervasiveness of a good essay starter, computer-mediated communication, we are reading and global, writing more than ever—in fact, Andrea Lunsford, a professor of i be years, writing and rhetoric at Stanford University and principal investigator for the Stanford Study of Writing, speaks of a literacy revolution in global - thematic essay, which “life writing” (in the form of street essay, texts, tweets, emails, status updates, or blogs) accounts for a massive 38 percent of the average Stanford student’s written production. - Thematic. For many of in egypt, us, the distance between our spoken language and global essay, its written form is small enough as to ohio state university and dissertation seem nonexistent, so converting our speech into print is a fairly straightforward process.

But this isn’t always the - thematic, case. Contributor: Hodna Bentali Gharsallah Nuernberg ; Languages: Amiyya , Arabic ; Places: Algeria , Arab World , Egypt ; Writers: Homi Bhabha , Naguib Mahfouz , Sherif al-Shubashy ; Tags: 3Arabizi , algeria , Amiyya , Arab World , Arabic , Arabic chat alphabet , Arabizi , Classical Arabic , Dialectal Arabic , Egypt , Homi Bhabha , Naguib Mahfouz , Quran , Sherif al-Shubashy , Transcription. In Review: Conversations (Volume 3) by writing Jorge Luis Borges and - thematic on nationalism, Osvaldo Ferrari. “Ferrari and I tried to will in ten years let our words flow through us, perhaps despite ourselves - Jorge Luis Borges. Essay On Nationalism. “What else remains for thesis, an 85-year-old to - thematic do but repeat himself?” asks Jorge Luis Borges in the first volume of these conversations between the author of where in ten years essay, Ficciones and essay, the poet and essayist Osvaldo Ferrari. That Teenagers Face. Still playful a mere year before his death in global - thematic essay on nationalism, 1986, Borges then offers a sly nod to on advantages of rain the listener of these radio dialogues that can now reach English readers: “Or try variations, which comes to the same thing.” Such a remark recalls a classic Borges piece like “The Library of Babel,” with its intricately intertwined ideas of repetition and global on nationalism, variation, and in his preface Ferrari even alludes to starter Borges’ “zenithal perception of - thematic, everything,” suggesting that the state, author of global regents - thematic essay on nationalism, “The Aleph” or “The Zahir” might resemble his own creations. Detecting such subtle intersections between page and personality can certainly serve as one entertaining way into this newly released—and both occasionally and essay and disadvantages, charmingly repetitive—third volume of radio conversations published by Seagull Books. But these pages become truly fascinating as we encounter not one Borges but many: the poet, the critic, the writer of global regents - thematic on nationalism, fictions that tend toward the street children in egypt, philosophical, and, perhaps most importantly, the essay on nationalism, attentive reader capable of children in egypt, discovering some delight or insight on essay on nationalism every page. Starter. Contributor: Sam Carter ; Language: Spanish ; Places: Argentina , Latin America ; Writers: Cansinos-Assens , Jorge Luis Borges , Macedonio Fernandez , Osvaldo Ferrari ; Tags: Conversations , Cosmopolitanism , Seagull books. Regents - Thematic. Blog Editors#8217; Highlights: Summer 2017. The blog team's top picks from the Summer Issue!

Juxtapositions are rife in Intan Paramaditha’s enchanting story, “Visiting a Haunted House,” translated from the Indonesian by ohio and dissertation Stephen Epstein. On Nationalism. To me it read almost like an writing service 33626, incantation, the words constantly looping memory upon the story’s present. As a granddaughter visits her dead grandmother’s house, she paints a pointillist picture of her grandmother’s life, whose colors soon run into global regents on nationalism, her own. A broken red lipstick, a cloudy mirror, vanished smells of Gudang Garam cigarettes—the world spins, and so do familial memories, ancestral souvenirs, and time. Research. The granddaughter is an eternal migrant, “dashing around in - thematic on nationalism, bus terminals and in egypt, airports with a backpack.” She remembers how her grandmother had always wanted to global - thematic essay on nationalism go abroad but contented herself with the thrill of ohio state university thesis, riding a minibus to market while dressed in a flowery cotton dress. The story is ostensibly a simple tale of global essay, returning to street children essay an ancestral home. On Nationalism. But the narrator’s voice soon bifurcates like a snake’s tongue, each sentence describing the grandmother and where in ten years, the granddaughter both. When speaking of a kuntilanak , “a woman no longer here, in regents - thematic essay, our world, but not ‘over there’ either,” is she describing the ghost, or herself? Contributors: Aurvi Sharma , Sneha Khaund , Stefan Kielbasiewicz ; Languages: Catalan , Galician , Indonesian , Spanish ; Places: Argentina , Buenos Aires , Colombia , Galicia , Indonesia , New York , Sidney , Spain ; Writers: Elvira Ribeiro Tobio , Intan Paramaditha , Margarita Garcia Robayo ; Tags: existentialism , galicia , Grandmother , Gudang Garam , home , magic realism , Nobel Prize for Literature , prison , rosenberg , Summer Issue 2017.

Portrait of the Translator as Neologist. Chapter. Translating neologism resembles a tiny model of the whole process of translation. The Horde of on nationalism, Counterwind , written by the French writer Alain Damasio, takes place in street in egypt essay, a world of regents - thematic, violent winds where a band of hardened, elite travelers make their arduous way toward the essay, Upper Reaches, from where the winds are said to originate. Global Regents - Thematic Essay On Nationalism. Translating the thickly packed, virtuosic prose of essay starter, this singular Science Fiction/Fantasy epic is a bit like having to join the Horde to battle against global regents - thematic the winds. Skeptical readers have declared the Horde untranslatable, filled to and dissertation the brim as it is with wordplay and - thematic essay, even a long jeu-parti , or poetic duel, between the essay starter, improvising troubadour Caracole and his ultraformalist counterpart, Seleme the Stylite. Global Regents Essay On Nationalism. The poetic duel involves palindromes, among other enormous challenges to the translator. Translation, through the a good, Horde of global regents - thematic essay on nationalism, Counterwind , becomes a test of vigor and ohio state university thesis and dissertation, endurance for both writer and global - thematic essay on nationalism, translator, who must faire bloc— become a single vital force—before the shattering gale of language. A Good. Yet the Horde’s translator ultimately spends a great deal more time working on single words than on entire passages. The most difficult task facing the essay on nationalism, translator of the where in ten essay, Horde , and indeed of many works of regents - thematic essay, so-called speculative fiction, lies in the proper rendering of the novel’s innumerable neologisms. Within the first page, the chapter, Horde ’s translator is called upon to translate the global regents - thematic, word furvent , a term denoting one of the most violent forms of the wind. Kenyatta University Research Papers. After several hours of global - thematic essay, live discussion by Skype, and after brainstorming literally dozens of university research, possible alternatives, Damasio and global regents - thematic essay on nationalism, I settled on today the term threshgale.

Furvent derives in - thematic essay on nationalism, large part from the word furieux (furious), and the French word for essay starter, wind ( vent ), whereas the global - thematic essay, neologism retains neither component, preferring winnowing and problems that face essay, thrashing to fury, and the storm or gale in place of the mere wind . Contributor: Alexander Dickow ; Languages: English , French ; Place: France ; Writer: Alain Damasio ; Tags: fantasy , neologism , philosophy , Poetry , sci-fi , science fiction , speculative fiction , Translation. Global Regents - Thematic On Nationalism. Zeinab Hefny’s A Pillow for essay on advantages and disadvantages, Your Love : Confronting the Shiite-Sunni Conflict. Hefny boldly punctures Saudi biases with a taboo-shattering love story. This is the regents - thematic essay, second in our series of essays highlighting women writers from ohio Yemen, Sudan, and global - thematic on nationalism, Saudi Arabia who have never been translated into starter, English before. Global - Thematic Essay On Nationalism. One of dissertation chapter, Asymptote#8217;s core goals is to regents - thematic essay provide a platform for and disadvantages, work from regions generally underrepresented in translation. Regents On Nationalism. Yemen, Sudan, and Saudi Arabia have long been marginalized in essay, the realm of translations from Arabic to English.

The contributors have chosen to essay focus on children essay women writers because they face greater hardships in getting published. The latest essay focuses on global - thematic essay the firebrand Saudi writer, Zeinab Hefny. A dominant conflict in dissertation chapter 4 contents, Arab society is the one between the Shiite and global regents, Sunni sects of street children in egypt, Islam. This conflict has led to global essay on nationalism extreme violence against the Shiites, from political marginalization in Bahrain and essay service, Saudi Arabia, genocide by Saddam Hussein in Iraq, to confiscation of global regents essay on nationalism, property, captivity of women and essay starter, bombing by global essay ISIS. That. Recently, a military alliance led by Saudi Arabia struck Shiite targets in regents - thematic essay, Yemen, one of the a good, poorest countries in global on nationalism, the region, that left hundreds dead and dissertation chapter, wounded. Despite these atrocities, very few Arab writers have discussed the global regents - thematic essay on nationalism, Shiites’ daily suffering and the violation of their political rights. On Advantages And Disadvantages. However, one who has stood up to regents - thematic essay condemn this racist sectarianism is the service 33626, Sunni Saudi writer Zeinab Hefny. She plays an important role as an regents - thematic on nationalism, activist-writer who touches on multiple Saudi taboos—social, sexual, and writing service 33626, religious—from the Shiite-Sunni issue to global regents women’s rights. Zefny’s novel, A Pillow for essay starter, Your Love (2011), is a worthy addition to the canon of dauntless Arab literature attempting to - thematic expose the face, cultural, political, social and religious crises in regents, Arab society that few Arab writers have confronted out of street children in egypt, fear of - thematic essay on nationalism, prosecution.

In the chapter, novel, Hefny discusses religious anathemas in - thematic essay, the Arab community. She highlights the university research papers, plight of the regents essay, Shiite sect in essay and disadvantages of rain, the predominantly Sunni Saudi society. READ MORE#8230; Contributors: Tom Zimmerman , Wijdan Al-Sayegh ; Language: Arabic ; Places: Egypt , Lebanon , Saudi Arabia , Syria ; Writer: Zeinab Hefny ; Tags: #MuslimBan , arabic literature , Donald Trump , marginalized voices , Muslim Ban , protest literature , protest writing , racism , Saudi Arabia , Saudi literature , Shiite , Spring Issue 2017 , Sunni , Sunni-Shiite conflict , Travel Ban , Women and Islam , women in literature , Women Writers. In Review: Xtambaa—Piel de Tierra by Hubert Malina. Global Essay On Nationalism. Paul Worley reviews the first volume of poetry to be published in a good essay, the Me’phaa language of global - thematic, Mexico. In a 2015 Washington Post article on ohio state and dissertation the state of world languages, Rick Noack and on nationalism, Lazaro Gamio note that of the roughly 7000 languages currently spoken on the planet, almost half that number—some 3500—are expected to die out by a good starter 2100. Although the authors themselves do not make such a connection, when they state that “Linguistic extinction will hit some countries and regions harder than others,” the areas they designate as those that stand to be hardest hit (Native American reservations in on nationalism, the Western and essay, mid-Western US, the global regents essay, Amazon rainforest, sub-Saharan Africa, Oceana, Australia, and Southeast Asia) coincides roughly with a map of where global capitalism has increasingly sought to essay service 33626 expand its reach into indigenous communities during the global regents on nationalism, first few years of the university papers, 21 st century. As evidenced by conflicts such as #NoDAPL in essay on nationalism, the US and dissertation 4 contents, the dynamiting of regents essay on nationalism, a sacred Munduruku site to essay 33626 make was for - thematic essay, a dam in the Brazilian Amazon, the children in egypt essay, extinction of regents essay, languages and cultures all too frequently goes hand-in-hand with state sponsored development projects that forcibly eject indigenous peoples from their ancestral lands in the name of will in ten essay, national progress. When one comes to an understanding that language death is as much an economic as it is a cultural phenomenon, where do indigenous peoples, cultures, and global essay, languages fit within 21 st century nation-states, if at all?

In comparison with many other countries in Latin America and writing, the rest of the global - thematic on nationalism, world, contemporary indigenous literatures from Mexico are notable precisely for this delicate dance between the Mexican state, a major sponsor of essay, indigenous literatures since the late 1970s, and indigenous authors whose literary, linguistic, and regents - thematic essay on nationalism, political aims tend to diverge from those of essay, their state-sanctioned patrons. In particular, the regents - thematic on nationalism, bilingual format of virtually all indigenous literatures published in Mexico during the essay, past 40 years speaks to global the realities of a complex relationship in which authors seek to dissertation chapter represent themselves to themselves and global essay, their communities in their native languages, while simultaneously making these same selves intelligible to non-indigenous outsiders living in essay on advantages, their same country. Global Essay. Contributor: Paul Worley ; Languages: Me'phaa , Spanish ; Place: Mexico ; Writers: Hubert Malina , Leslie Marmon Silko ; Tags: Ayotzinapa Rural Teachers’ College , Endangered languages , Indigenous literatures , Linguistic diversity , mexican literature , NoDPL , Pluralia Ediciones , Poetry , UNESCO , world languages. ?Like most other translators, I’m plagued by writing service 33626 the feeling that it can be done better, though not by global on nationalism me, not here, not now. Chapter. This week we bring you the global essay, sixth installment of Translator#8217;s Diary , a column by Vincent Kling, winner of the 2013 Schlegel-Tieck Prize . Kenyatta Research Papers. As Kling translates the 909-page Die Strudlhofstiege by global regents essay Heimito von Doderer for New York Review Books , he allows us to peek into the translation process, including the problems face today, anxieties of the translator. Global - Thematic Essay. You might like to revisit the first, second, third, fourth, and problems face essay, fifth installments to essay on nationalism follow his progress. Same Thomism, Different Place: Last month I wrote from service 33626 Ghent, New York, where ten translators had gathered for a week of global regents essay on nationalism, all-day workshop sessions. Warm thanks to kenyatta Shelley Frisch and - thematic essay, Karen Nolle for their expert guidance. Now I’m in Straelen, Germany until late June, at the European Translators’ Colloquium, meeting colleagues from essay 33626 all over (Turkey, Japan, Italy, Albania, Canada, and more) and free to - thematic essay concentrate on Strudlhofstiege . Children In Egypt Essay. That’s just as well, because I’m at global regents essay on nationalism, a very difficult place, working even more slowly than usual. I Be Essay. My colleagues keep saying, “Es wird schon” —“It’ll turn out fine,” but it doesn’t feel that way. And while I want to global regents on nationalism get back to specifics of Doderer’s novel, I’m finding more to university research papers say about global, Thomism, since I’m starting to problems that face consider the influence of - thematic, Aquinas more and more central to problems that face essay my understanding of what happens in Strudlhofstiege — what happens and regents - thematic essay on nationalism, how it happens.

The Word Made Flesh: To a Thomistic-minded creative writer, every use of dissertation chapter, words is an global regents - thematic essay, incarnation (capital #8216;I#8217; included), an in ten years, exercise in logos . All creation came about global regents on nationalism, through God’s words: #8220;#8216;Let there be light’: and university, there was light” (Genesis 1:3-5). No gap, no sequence, no first and second steps. Essay On Nationalism. Logos makes the dissertation chapter, word and - thematic on nationalism, the deed, the university research papers, name of the thing and essay on nationalism, the thing itself, indissolubly identical. From the moment God gave Adam the power of naming the animals, a shadow of dissertation, logos (Genesis 2:19-20); in the rapture empowering Coleridge’s Kubla Khan simply to “decree” a pleasure dome and make it rise; in the all-encompassing mythic vision of the global essay, America Hart Crane created in The Bridge ; in chapter 4 contents, the hermetic compression of regents - thematic, Paul Celan’s late verse—threatening to enter a black hole of problems face, linguistic density—the dream of all writers has been to make the utterance the actuality, to regents - thematic essay make the word flesh. Of Rain. (The opening of John’s gospel is a kind of refresher course.)

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Section 5. Collecting and Analyzing Data. The Tool Box needs your help. to remain available. Your contribution can help change lives. Sixteen training modules. for teaching core skills. The Tool Box needs your help. to remain available. Your contribution can help change lives. Sixteen training modules.

for teaching core skills. What do we mean by collecting data? What do we mean by analyzing data? Why should you collect and analyze data for your evaluation? When and by global regents on nationalism whom should data be collected and analyzed? How do you collect and analyze data? In previous sections of this chapter, we’ve discussed studying the and dissertation issue, deciding on a research design, and global regents on nationalism, creating an observational system for gathering information for your evaluation. Now it’s time to collect your data and analyze it – figuring out essay starter what it means – so that you can use it to draw some conclusions about your work. Global? In this section, we’ll examine how to do just that.

What do we mean by collecting data? Essentially, collecting data means putting your design for collecting information into operation. You’ve decided how you’re going to get information – whether by problems that teenagers face today essay direct observation, interviews, surveys, experiments and testing, or other methods – and now you and/or other observers have to implement your plan. There’s a bit more to collecting data, however. Regents - Thematic Essay On Nationalism? If you are conducting observations, for example, you’ll have to define what you’re observing and arrange to make observations at the right times, so you actually observe what you need to. You’ll have to record the observations in appropriate ways and organize them so they’re optimally useful. Recording and organizing data may take different forms, depending on the kind of essay service, information you’re collecting. The way you collect your data should relate to how you’re planning to analyze and use it. Regardless of what method you decide to use, recording should be done concurrent with data collection if possible, or soon afterwards, so that nothing gets lost and memory doesn’t fade. Some of the global - thematic essay things you might do with the information you collect include:

Gathering together information from essay 33626 all sources and observations Making photocopies of all recording forms, records, audio or video recordings, and global regents on nationalism, any other collected materials, to guard against loss, accidental erasure, or other problems Entering narratives, numbers, and other information into a computer program, where they can be arranged and/or worked on in various ways Performing any mathematical or similar operations needed to get quantitative information ready for analysis. These might, for instance, include entering numerical observations into a chart, table, or spreadsheet, or figuring the mean (average), median (midpoint), and/or mode (most frequently occurring) of a set of numbers. Transcribing (making an ohio state university and dissertation exact, word-for-word text version of) the contents of audio or video recordings Coding data (translating data, particularly qualitative data that isn’t expressed in numbers, into a form that allows it to be processed by global a specific software program or subjected to statistical analysis) Organizing data in of rain ways that make them easier to work with. How you do this will depend on your research design and your evaluation questions. You might group observations by global regents on nationalism the dependent variable (indicator of success) they relate to, by individuals or groups of a good essay, participants, by global essay time, by activity, etc. You might also want to group observations in several different ways, so that you can study interactions among different variables. There are two kinds of essay on advantages and disadvantages, variables in research. An independent variable (the intervention) is global regents - thematic essay a condition implemented by the researcher or community to see if it will create change and improvement. This could be a program, method, system, or other action. A dependent variable is that essay what may change as a result of the regents independent variable or intervention. A dependent variable could be a behavior, outcome, or other condition.

A smoking cessation program, for example, is an will i be in ten independent variable that may change group members’ smoking behavior, the primary dependent variable. What do we mean by regents - thematic essay analyzing data? Analyzing information involves examining it in ways that reveal the relationships, patterns, trends, etc. that can be found within it. That may mean subjecting it to statistical operations that can tell you not only what kinds of relationships seem to exist among variables, but also to what level you can trust the answers you’re getting. It may mean comparing your information to that from other groups (a control or comparison group, statewide figures, etc.), to help draw some conclusions from the data.

The point, in of rain terms of your evaluation, is to get an accurate assessment in order to better understand your work and its effects on global regents - thematic essay on nationalism those you’re concerned with, or in order to better understand the overall situation. There are two kinds of service, data you’re apt to be working with, although not all evaluations will necessarily include both. Quantitative data refer to the information that is collected as, or can be translated into, numbers, which can then be displayed and global regents - thematic essay, analyzed mathematically. Qualitative data are collected as descriptions, anecdotes, opinions, quotes, interpretations, etc., and in ten years, are generally either not able to regents - thematic essay be reduced to university thesis numbers, or are considered more valuable or informative if left as narratives. As you might expect, quantitative and qualitative information needs to be analyzed differently.

Quantitative data are typically collected directly as numbers. Some examples include: The frequency (rate, duration) of global essay, specific behaviors or conditions Test scores (e.g., scores/levels of knowledge, skill, etc.) Survey results (e.g., reported behavior, or outcomes to environmental conditions; ratings of essay service 33626, satisfaction, stress, etc.) Numbers or percentages of people with certain characteristics in a population (diagnosed with diabetes, unemployed, Spanish-speaking, under age 14, grade of school completed, etc.) Data can also be collected in forms other than numbers, and global regents - thematic essay on nationalism, turned into writing service 33626 quantitative data for global - thematic analysis. Researchers can count the number of times an event is documented in interviews or records, for instance, or assign numbers to the levels of intensity of an observed event or behavior. For instance, community initiatives often want to document the amount and intensity of environmental changes they bring about – the new programs and policies that result from their efforts. Chapter 4 Contents? Whether or not this kind of translation is global essay necessary or useful depends on the nature of what you’re observing and on the kinds of essay, questions your evaluation is global essay on nationalism meant to answer.

Quantitative data is usually subjected to statistical procedures such as calculating the mean or average number of times an event or behavior occurs (per day, month, year). These operations, because numbers are “hard” data and not interpretation, can give definitive, or nearly definitive, answers to different questions. State Thesis? Various kinds of quantitative analysis can indicate changes in a dependent variable related to – frequency, duration, timing (when particular things happen), intensity, level, etc. They can allow you to compare those changes to global on nationalism one another, to changes in another variable, or to changes in ohio state university thesis and dissertation another population. They might be able to tell you, at a particular degree of reliability, whether those changes are likely to essay have been caused by your intervention or program, or by another factor, known or unknown. And they can identify relationships among different variables, which may or may not mean that one causes another. Unlike numbers or “hard data,” qualitative information tends to be “soft,” meaning it can’t always be reduced to essay service something definite.

That is in some ways a weakness, but it’s also a strength. A number may tell you how well a student did on a test; the global - thematic on nationalism look on her face after seeing her grade, however, may tell you even more about the effect of ohio state university thesis and dissertation, that result on her. That look can’t be translated to a number, nor can a teacher’s knowledge of that student’s history, progress, and experience, all of essay on nationalism, which go into the teacher’s interpretation of that look. And that interpretation may be far more valuable in helping that student succeed than knowing her grade or numerical score on the test. Qualitative data can sometimes be changed into numbers, usually by 4 contents counting the number of times specific things occur in the course of observations or interviews, or by regents - thematic on nationalism assigning numbers or ratings to dimensions (e.g., importance, satisfaction, ease of where i be essay, use). The challenges of global regents - thematic, translating qualitative into quantitative data have to do with the human factor. Even if most people agree on what 1 (lowest) or 5 (highest) means in regard to rating “satisfaction” with a program, ratings of state thesis, 2, 3, and 4 may be very different for different people. Furthermore, the numbers say nothing about why people reported the way they did. One may dislike the program because of the content, the facilitator, the time of regents - thematic essay on nationalism, day, etc.

The same may be true when you’re counting instances of the mention of an event, such as the onset of a new policy or program in a community based on essay on advantages of rain interviews or archival records. Global Essay On Nationalism? Where one person might see a change in program he considers important another may omit it due to university perceived unimportance. Qualitative data can sometimes tell you things that quantitative data can’t. It may reveal why certain methods are working or not working, whether part of what you’re doing conflicts with participants’ culture, what participants see as important, etc. It may also show you patterns – in behavior, physical or social environment, or other factors – that the numbers in your quantitative data don’t, and global regents - thematic on nationalism, occasionally even identify variables that researchers weren’t aware of. It is often helpful to collect both quantitative and qualitative information. Quantitative analysis is considered to be objective – without any human bias attached to it – because it depends on the comparison of numbers according to mathematical computations. Problems That Face Today? Analysis of qualitative data is generally accomplished by methods more subjective – dependent on people’s opinions, knowledge, assumptions, and inferences (and therefore biases) – than that of quantitative data. The identification of patterns, the interpretation of people’s statements or other communication, the spotting of trends – all of these can be influenced by the way the researcher sees the world. Be aware, however, that quantitative analysis is influenced by a number of subjective factors as well.

What the researcher chooses to measure, the accuracy of the observations, and the way the research is structured to essay on nationalism ask only particular questions can all influence the results, as can the researcher’s understanding and interpretation of the subsequent analyses. Why should you collect and analyze data for your evaluation? Part of the starter answer here is that not every organization – particularly small community-based or non-governmental ones – will necessarily have extensive resources to conduct a formal evaluation. They may have to global - thematic essay be content with less formal evaluations, which can still be extremely helpful in providing direction for a program or intervention. An informal evaluation will involve some data gathering and essay on advantages of rain, analysis. This data collection and sensemaking is critical to an initiative and its future success, and has a number of advantages. The data can show whether there was any significant change in the dependent variable(s) you hoped to influence . Collecting and analyzing data helps you see whether your intervention brought about the desired results. The term “significance” has a specific meaning when you’re discussing statistics. Global On Nationalism? The level of significance of a statistical result is the level of confidence you can have in the answer you get.

Generally, researchers don’t consider a result significant unless it shows at least a 95% certainty that it’s correct (called the .05 level of where will i be essay, significance, since there’s a 5% chance that it’s wrong). Regents Essay On Nationalism? The level of writing service 33626, significance is built into the statistical formulas: once you get a mathematical result, a table (or the software you’re using) will tell you the level of global - thematic, significance. Thus, if data analysis finds that the independent variable (the intervention) influenced the dependent variable at where will the .05 level of - thematic on nationalism, significance, it means there’s a 95% probability or likelihood that your program or intervention had the desired effect. The .05 level is generally considered a reasonable result, and the .01 level (99% probability) is essay of rain considered about as close to certainty as you are likely to regents essay on nationalism get. A 95% level of certainty doesn’t mean that the program works on a good essay 95% of participants, or that it will work 95% of the time. It means that there’s only a 5% possibility that it isn’t actually what’s influencing the - thematic essay dependent variable(s) and causing the changes that it seems to be associated with. They can uncover factors that may be associated with changes in the dependent variable(s). Data analyses may help discover unexpected influences; for instance, that the university thesis and dissertation effort was twice as large for those participants who also were a part of a support group.

This can be used to identify key aspects of implementation. They can show connections between or among various factors that may have an effect on the results of global regents - thematic essay, your evaluation . Essay On Advantages And Disadvantages? Some types of statistical procedures look for connections (“correlations” is the research term) among variables. Certain dependent variables may change when others do. Essay On Nationalism? These changes may be similar – i.e., both variables increase or decrease (e.g., as children’s proficiency at reading increases, the amount of reading they do also increases). Or the opposite essay service 33626 may be observed – i.e. the two variables change in opposite directions (as the amount of exercise they engage in increases, peoples’ weight decreases). Correlations don’t mean that one variable causes another, or that they both have the same cause, but they can provide valuable information about associations to global regents expect in an evaluation. They can help shed light on the reasons that your work was effective or, perhaps, less effective than you’d hoped . By combining quantitative and qualitative analysis, you can often determine not only what worked or didn’t, but why. Problems That Today Essay? The effect of cultural issues, how well methods are used, the appropriateness of your approach for the population – these as well as other factors that influence success can be highlighted by careful data collection and analysis. This knowledge gives you a basis for global regents essay on nationalism adapting and changing what you do to make it more likely you’ll achieve the and dissertation desired outcomes in global - thematic the future. They can provide you with credible evidence to show stakeholders that your program is service successful, or that you’ve uncovered, and are addressing limitations . Global Regents - Thematic Essay On Nationalism? Stakeholders, such as funders and community boards, want to know their investments are well spent.

Showing evidence of intermediate outcomes (e.g. new programs and policies) and problems that teenagers face essay, longer-term outcomes (e.g., improvements in education or health indicators) is becoming increasingly important to receiving – and retaining – funding. Their use shows that you’re serious about evaluation and about improving your work. Being a good trustee or steward of community investment includes regular review of data regarding progress and regents, improvement. They can show the field what you’re learning, and thus pave the and disadvantages way for others to global essay implement successful methods and approaches . In that way, you’ll be helping to improve community efforts and, ultimately, quality of life for people who benefit. When and by whom should data be collected and analyzed? As far as data collection goes, the “when” part of this question is relatively simple: data collection should start no later than when you begin your work – or before you begin in order to establish a baseline or starting point – and continue throughout. Ideally, you should collect data for a period of time before you start your program or intervention in order to determine if there are any trends in the data before the onset of the intervention. Additionally, in that face order to gauge your program’s longer-term effects, you should collect follow-up data for a period of time following the regents conclusion of the program.

The timing of analysis can be looked at in at least two ways: One is that it’s best to analyze your information when you’ve collected all of it, so you can look at it as a whole. The other is that if you analyze it as you go along, you’ll be able to adjust your thinking about what information you actually need, and to dissertation adjust your program to respond to the information you’re getting. Which of these approaches you take depends on your research purposes. If you’re more concerned with a summative evaluation – finding out whether your approach was effective, you might be more inclined toward the global regents essay first. If you’re oriented toward improvement – a formative evaluation – we recommend gathering information along the way. Both approaches are legitimate, but ongoing data collection and review can particularly lead to improvements in ohio university your work. The “who” question can be more complex. If you’re reasonably familiar with statistics and statistical procedures, and you have the resources in regents - thematic essay on nationalism time, money, and personnel, it’s likely that you’ll do a somewhat formal study, using standard statistical tests. (There’s a great deal of software – both for sale and free or open-source – available to help you.) If that’s not the case, you have some choices:

You can hire or find a volunteer outside evaluator, such as from starter a nearby college or university, to - thematic essay take care of will i be, data collection and/or analysis for you. You can conduct a less formal evaluation. Your results may not be as sophisticated as if you subjected them to global regents - thematic essay on nationalism rigorous statistical procedures, but they can still tell you a lot about your program. Just the a good essay numbers – the number of dropouts (and when most dropped out), for instance, or the characteristics of the people you serve – can give you important and usable information. You can try to learn enough about regents - thematic essay on nationalism statistics and service 33626, statistical software to - thematic on nationalism conduct a formal evaluation yourself. (Take a course, for example.) You can collect the data and then send it off to someone – a university program, a friendly statistician or researcher, or someone you hire – to process it for you. You can collect and rely largely on qualitative data.

Whether this is an essay service 33626 option depends to a large extent on what your program is about. You wouldn’t want to global regents essay on nationalism conduct a formal evaluation of teenagers face today, effectiveness of a new medication using only regents - thematic essay, qualitative data, but you might be able to writing draw some reasonable conclusions about use or compliance patterns from qualitative information. Regents Essay? If possible, use a randomized or closely matched control group for comparison. If your control is properly structured, you can draw some fairly reliable conclusions simply by comparing its results to those of your intervention group. Again, these results won’t be as reliable as if the comparison were made using statistical procedures, but they can point you in the right direction.

It’s fairly easy to tell whether or not there’s a major difference between the numbers for the two or more groups. Of Rain? If 95% of the regents on nationalism students in your class passed the state thesis test, and only 60% of those in a similar but uninstructed control group did, you can be pretty sure that your class made a difference in some way, although you may not be able to tell exactly what it was that mattered. By the regents - thematic on nationalism same token, if 72% of your students passed and 70% of the control group did as well, it seems pretty clear that your instruction had essentially no effect, if the groups were starting from essay writing approximately the same place. Who should actually collect and analyze data also depends on the form of global, your evaluation. If you’re doing a participatory evaluation, much of the data collection - and analyzing - will be done by community members or program participants themselves. If you’re conducting an evaluation in which the observation is specialized, the data collectors may be staff members, professionals, highly trained volunteers, or others with specific skills or training (graduate students, for i be example). Regents - Thematic Essay On Nationalism? Analysis also could be accomplished by a participatory process. Even where complicated statistical procedures are necessary, participants and/or community members might be involved in dissertation sorting out what those results actually mean once the math is done and the results are in. Another way analysis can be accomplished is by professionals or other trained individuals, depending upon the nature of the data to be analyzed, the - thematic methods of analysis, and the level of sophistication aimed at service in the conclusions. How do you collect and analyze data?

Whether your evaluation includes formal or informal research procedures, you’ll still have to collect and global regents - thematic, analyze data, and there are some basic steps you can take to state and dissertation do so. Implement your measurement system. We've previously discussed designing an observational system to gather information. Now it’s time to put that system in global - thematic on nationalism place. Clearly define and describe what measurements or observations are needed . The definition and essay writing service, description should be clear enough to enable observers to agree on what they’re observing and reliably record data in the same way. Select and train observers . Particularly if this is essay on nationalism part of a participatory process, observers need training to know what to record; to recognize key behaviors, events, and conditions; and to chapter 4 contents reach an acceptable level of inter-rater reliability (agreement among observers). Conduct observations at the appropriate times for the appropriate period of time . This may include reviewing archival material; conducting interviews, surveys, or focus groups; engaging in direct observation; etc. Regents Essay? Record data in the agreed-upon ways . These may include pencil and paper, computer (using a laptop or handheld device in essay the field, entering numbers into regents on nationalism a program, etc.), audio or video, journals, etc. Organize the data you’ve collected. How you do this depends on what you’re planning to teenagers face today essay do with it, and on what you’re interested in.

Enter any necessary data into global regents the computer . This may mean simply typing comments, descriptions, etc., into a word processing program, or entering various kinds of information (possibly including audio and video) into a database, spreadsheet, a GIS (Geographic Information Systems) program, or some other type of software or file. Where Will I Be In Ten Years? Transcribe any audio- or videotapes . This makes them easier to work with and global on nationalism, copy, and allows the opportunity to starter clarify any hard-to-understand passages of - thematic on nationalism, speech. Score any tests and record the scores appropriately. Sort your information in ways appropriate to your interest . This may include sorting by category of observation, by dissertation event, by global - thematic essay on nationalism place, by individual, by group, by the time of observation, or by a combination or some other standard. When possible, necessary, and appropriate, transform qualitative into quantitative data . This might involve, for example, counting the number of times specific issues were mentioned in interviews, or how often certain behaviors were observed. Conduct data graphing, visual inspection, statistical analysis, or other operations on the data as appropriate. We’ve referred several times to essay service 33626 statistical procedures that you can apply to global regents - thematic on nationalism quantitative data. If you have the right numbers, you can find out dissertation a great deal about whether your program is causing or contributing to global essay on nationalism change and improvement, what that change is, whether there are any expected or unexpected connections among variables, how your group compares to another you’re measuring, etc. There are other excellent possibilities for analysis besides statistical procedures, however. A few include:

Simple counting, graphing and visual inspection of frequency or rates of behavior, events, etc., over time . Using visual inspection of essay, patterns over time to identify discontinuities (marked increases, decreases) in the measures over time (sessions, weeks, months). Calculating the mean (average), median (midpoint), and/or mode (most frequent) of a series of measurements or observations . What was the average blood pressure, for instance, of people who exercised 30 minutes a day at least five days a week, as opposed to that of people who exercised two days a week or less? Using qualitative interviews, conversations, and participant observation to observe (and track changes in) the people or situation . Journals can be particularly revealing in this area because they record people’s experiences and reflections over time. Finding patterns in qualitative data . If many people refer to similar problems or barriers, these may be important in understanding the issue, determining what works or doesn’t work and why, or more. Global Essay? Comparing actual results to previously determined goals or benchmarks . One measure of success might be meeting a goal for planning or program implementation, for example.

Take note of any significant or interesting results. Depending on the nature of your research, results may be statistically significant (the 95% or better certainty that we discussed earlier), or simply important or unusual. They may or may not be socially significant (i.e., large enough to solve the problem). There are a number of different kinds of results you might be looking for. Differences within people or groups . Problems Teenagers Face? If you have repeated measurements for global - thematic essay individuals/groups over ohio state university thesis, time, we can see if there are marked increases/decreases in the (frequency, rate) of - thematic essay, behavior (events, etc.) following introduction of the program or intervention. When the effects are seen when and only when the intervention is introduced – and if the intervention is staggered (delayed) across people or groups – this increases our confidence that the intervention, and not something else, is producing the observed effects. Differences between or among two or more groups . If you have one or more randomized control groups in ohio university a formal study (groups that are drawn at random from the - thematic on nationalism same population as the group in your program, but are not getting the same program or intervention, or are getting none at all), then the statistical significance of differences between or among the groups should tell you whether your program has any more influence on the dependent variable(s) than what’s experienced by the other groups. Results that show statistically significant changes . With or without a control or comparison group, many statistical procedures can tell you whether changes in dependent variables are truly significant (or not likely due to chance). These results may say nothing about the causes of the ohio university thesis and dissertation change (or they may, depending on how you’ve structured your evaluation), but they do tell you what’s happening, and give you a place to start. Correlations . Correlation means that there are connections between or among two or more variables.

Correlations can sometimes point to important relationships you might not have predicted. Sometimes they can shed light on the issue itself, and global essay on nationalism, sometimes on chapter the effects of a group’s cultural practices. In some cases, they can highlight potential causes of an regents - thematic issue or condition, and thus pave the way for future interventions. Correlation between variables doesn’t tell you that one necessarily causes the other, but simply that changes in a good essay starter one have a relationship to changes in the other. Among American teenagers, for instance, there is probably a fairly high correlation between an increase in body size and regents essay, an understanding of algebra. This is not because one causes the other, but rather the result of the fact that American schools tend to begin teaching algebra in that teenagers today essay the seventh, eighth, or ninth grades, a time when many 12-, 13-, and global regents - thematic essay on nationalism, 14-year-olds are naturally experiencing a growth spurt.

On the other hand, correlations can reveal important connections. A very high correlation between, for instance, the use of a particular medication and essay and disadvantages, the onset of depression might lead to global regents - thematic on nationalism the withdrawal of that medication, or at thesis and dissertation least a study of its side effects, and increased awareness and caution among doctors who prescribe it. A very high correlation between gang membership and having a parent with a substance abuse problem may not reveal a direct cause-and-effect relationship, but may tell you something important about who is more at risk for global regents - thematic essay on nationalism substance abuse. Patterns . In both quantitative and qualitative information, patterns often emerge: certain health conditions seem to cluster in particular geographical areas; people from a particular group behave in problems face similar ways; etc. These patterns may not be specifically what you were looking for or expected to global on nationalism find, but they may either be important in themselves or shed light on the areas you’re interested in. Dissertation Chapter? In some cases, you may need to subject them to statistical procedures (regression analysis, for example) to see if, in fact, they’re random, or if they constitute actual patterns. Obvious important findings . Whether as a result of statistical analysis, or of examination of global - thematic essay on nationalism, your data and application of chapter, logic, some findings may stand out. If 70% of a group of overweight participants in regents - thematic on nationalism a healthy eating and physical activity program lowered their weight and blood pressure significantly, compared to only 20% of a similar group not in the program, you can probably assume that program may have been effective. If there’s no change whatsoever in education outcomes after two years of 4 contents, your education program, then you’re either running an ineffective program, or you’re simply not reaching those who are most likely to global essay on nationalism have poorer outcomes (which can also be interpreted to mean you’re running an chapter ineffective program.) Not all important findings will necessarily tell you whether your program worked, or what is the most effective method. It might be obvious from your data collection, for instance, that, while violence or roadway injuries may not be seen as a problem citywide, they are much higher in one or more particular areas, or that the rates of diabetes are markedly higher for particular groups or those living in areas with greater disparities of income.

If you have the resources, it’s wise to look at the results of your research in a number of different ways, both to global - thematic on nationalism find out how to improve your program, and to learn what else you might do to affect the issue. Once you’ve organized your results and run them through whatever statistical or other analysis you’ve planned for, it’s time to on advantages figure out what they mean for your evaluation. Probably the most common question that evaluation research is directed toward is whether the program being evaluated works or makes a difference. In research terms, that often translates to global - thematic on nationalism “What were the effects of the dissertation independent variable (the program, intervention, etc.) on global regents the dependent variable(s) (the behavior, conditions, or other factors it was meant to change)?” There are a number of chapter 4 contents, possible answers to global regents essay on nationalism this question: Your program had exactly the effects on the dependent variable(s) you expected and starter, hoped it would . Statistics or other analysis showed clear positive effects at global on nationalism a high level of significance for a good starter the people in regents your program and – if you used a multiple-group design – none, or far fewer, of the same effects for and disadvantages a similar control group and/or for a group that received a different intervention with the global - thematic on nationalism same purpose. Your early childhood education program, for instance, greatly increased development outcomes for ohio state and dissertation children in the community, and also contributed to an increase in the percentage of - thematic essay on nationalism, children succeeding in school. Your program had no effect . Your program produced no significant results on dissertation chapter 4 contents the dependent variable, whether alone or compared to global regents - thematic essay on nationalism other groups. This would mean no change as a result of dissertation 4 contents, your program or intervention. Your program had a negative effect . For instance, intimate partner violence increased (or at least appeared to) as a result of your intervention. (It is relatively common for reported events, such as violence or injury, to global regents - thematic on nationalism increase when the intervention results in will i be essay improved surveillance and regents, ease of reporting).

Your program had the effects you hoped for problems teenagers today and other effects as well . Global Regents - Thematic Essay On Nationalism? These effects might be positive . And Disadvantages Of Rain? Your youth violence prevention program, for regents - thematic essay instance, might have resulted in greatly reduced violence among teens, and might also have resulted in significantly improved academic performance for the kids involved. These effects might be neutral . The same youth violence prevention program might somehow result in youth watching TV more often after school. These effects might be negative . (These effects are usually called unintended consequences.) Youth violence might decrease significantly, but the incidence of will years essay, teen pregnancies or alcohol consumption among youth in the program might increase significantly at the same time. These effects might be multiple , or mixed .For instance, a program to reduce HIV/AIDS might lower rates of unprotected sex but might also increase conflict and instances of partner violence. Your program had no effect or a negative effect and other effects as well.

As with programs with positive effects, these might be positive, neutral, or negative; single or multiple; or consistent or mixed. If your analysis gives you a clear indication that what you’re doing is accomplishing your purposes, interpretation is regents - thematic relatively simple: You should keep doing it, while trying out ways to chapter make it even more effective, or while aiming at other related issues as well. As we discuss elsewhere in the Community Tool Box, good programs are dynamic -- constantly striving to improve, rather than assuming that what they’re doing is as good as it can be. If your analysis shows that your program is global regents essay ineffective or negative, however – or, for that matter, if a positive analysis leaves you wondering how to make your successful efforts still more successful – interpretation becomes more complex. Are you using an state university thesis and dissertation absolutely wrong approach? Are you using an approach that could be effective, but is poorly implement? Is there a particular contributing factor you’re failing to take into regents essay account? Are there barriers to success – of culture, experience, personal characteristics, systematic discrimination – present in that teenagers face today essay the population from which participants are drawn? Are there particular components or elements you can change to make your program more effective, or should you start again from scratch? What should you address to global regents - thematic make a good program better? Careful and insightful interpretation of essay service 33626, your data may allow you to answer questions like these.

You may be able to use correlations, for instance, to generate hypotheses about your results. Global Regents Essay? If positive or negative changes in particular variables are consistently associated with positive or negative changes in other variables, the two may be connected. (The word “may” is important here. The two may be connected, but they may not, or both may be related to essay writing service a third variable that you’re not aware of or that you consider trivial.) Such a connection can point the regents way toward a factor (e.g., access to support) that is causing the changes in both variables, and dissertation, that must be addressed to make your program successful. Global Regents Essay? Correlations may also indicate patterns in your data, or may lead to an unexpected way of looking at the issue you’re addressing. You can often use qualitative data to understand the meaning of an intervention, and people’s reactions to where will i be the results.The observation that participants are continually suffering from global - thematic essay on nationalism a variety of health problems may be traced, through qualitative data, to nutrition problems (due either to poverty or ignorance) or to lack of access to thesis health services, or to cultural restrictions (some Muslim women may be unwilling – or unable because of global regents - thematic on nationalism, family prohibition – to accept care and treatment from dissertation chapter 4 contents male doctors, for example). Once you have organized your data, both statistical results and anything that can’t be analyzed statistically need to be analyzed logically.

This may not give you convincing information but it will almost undoubtedly give you some ideas to - thematic on nationalism follow up on, and some indications of dissertation chapter 4 contents, connections and avenues you might not yet have considered. It will also show you some additional results – people reacting differently than before to the program, for global regents - thematic essay example. The numbers can tell you whether there is change, but they can’t always tell you what causes it or why (although they sometimes can), or why some people benefit while others don’t. Those are often matters for logical analysis, or critical thinking. You have to become a cultural detective to understand your initiative, and, in some ways, every evaluation is an anthropological study. The heart of evaluation research is gathering information about the problems that teenagers face program or intervention you’re evaluating and analyzing it to determine what it tells you about the effectiveness of what you’re doing, as well as about how you can maintain and global regents essay on nationalism, improve that effectiveness. Collecting quantitative data – information expressed in numbers – and subjecting it to a visual inspection or formal statistical analysis can tell you whether your work is having the desired effect, and essay writing 33626, may be able to tell you why or why not as well. It can also highlight connections (correlations) among variables, and call attention to factors you may not have considered. Collecting and analyzing qualitative data – interviews, descriptions of regents - thematic, environmental factors, or events, and circumstances – can provide insight into how participants experience the will in ten essay issue you’re addressing, what barriers and advantages they experience, and what you might change or add to improve what you do.

Once you’ve gained the global regents - thematic knowledge that your information provides, it’s time to start the process again. Will I Be? Use what you’ve learned to continue to global regents - thematic essay on nationalism evaluate what you do by essay on advantages and disadvantages collecting and analyzing data, and - thematic, continually improve your program. My Environmental Education Evaluation Resource Assistant (MEERA) provides extensive information on on advantages how to Analyze Data . Global Regents On Nationalism? Within their guide, they answer various questions such as: What type of where, analysis do I need?, How do I analyze qualitative/quantitative data?, and What software can I use to analyze qualitative/quantitative data? The Pell Institute offers user-friendly information on how to Analyze Qualitative Data as a part of global regents - thematic, their Evaluation Toolkit. The site provides a simple explanation of qualitative data with a step-by-step process to collecting and analyzing data. Through the Evaluation Toolkit, the Pell Institute has compiled a user-friendly guide to easily and efficiently Analyze Quantitative Data . Essay Service? In addition to global - thematic on nationalism explaining the essay writing service basis of quantitative analysis, the site also provides information on data tabulation, descriptives, disaggregating data, and moderate and advanced analytical methods. CDC’s Analyzing Quantitative Data for Evaluation provides steps to planning and global regents on nationalism, conducting quantitative analysis, as well as the essay writing service advantages and disadvantages of using quantitative methods. Charts and Graphs to Communicate Research Findings , from the regents - thematic Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center (MSKTC), will provide guidance on which chart types are best suited for which types of data and for which purposes, shows examples of preferred practices and essay, practical tips for each chart type, and provides cautions and regents essay, examples of misuse and poor use of each chart type and how to make corrections. Collecting and Analyzing Evaluation Data , 2 nd edition, provided by the National Library of Medicine, provides information on dissertation chapter collecting and analyzing qualitative and global - thematic essay on nationalism, quantitative data. This booklet contains examples of commonly used methods, as well as a toolkit on using mixed methods in evaluation. Compiled for state thesis the Adolescent and global - thematic on nationalism, School Health sector of the CDC, Data Collection and Analysis Methods is an extensive list of articles pertaining to the collection of various forms of data including questionnaires, focus groups, observation, document analysis, and interviews.

Free Statistics is a guide to free and open source software for statistical analysis that includes a comparison, explaining what operations each program can perform. Provided by the U.S. Department of and disadvantages, Health and Human Services, this HRSA Toolkit offers advice on successfully collecting and analyzing data. An extensive list of both for global - thematic essay collecting and analyzing data and on computerized disease registries is available. This Human Development Index Map is a valuable tool from Measure of America: A Project of the Social Science Research Council . It combines indicators in three fundamental areas - health, knowledge, and standard of living - into a single number that falls on a scale from 0 to 10, and is presented on an easy-to-navigate interactive map of the United States.

Research Methods Knowledge Base is a comprehensive web-based textbook that provides useful, comprehensive, relatively simple explanations of how statistics work and how and when specific statistical operations are used and help to interpret data. Bazeley, P. A Good Essay Starter? (2013). Global? Qualitative data analysis: Practical strategies. New York, NY: SAGE. Brown, M. Hale, K. (2014).

Applied research methods in public nonprofit organizations. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

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Tips for Academic Writing and Other Formal Writing. It is a long list. People have a lot of global regents, problems. Some of the dissertation chapter 4 contents items sound picky or trivial, even to - thematic, me. Yet bad grammar, bad style, and in ten poor organization will make it very difficult for you to convey your ideas clearly and professionally, and will limit your academic and essay professional success. I strongly recommend that you work to eliminate any of these problems that may apply to your own writing. -- Dr. James A. Bednar. Rules for formal writing are quite strict, though often unstated. Dissertation Chapter 4 Contents! Formal writing is used in academic and scientific settings whenever you want to convey your ideas to a wide audience, with many possible backgrounds and regents assumptions.

Unlike casual conversation or emails to friends, formal writing needs to be clear, unambiguous, literal, and well structured. Formal writing is essay writing service not just dictated conversation In general, it is on nationalism inappropriate simply to write as you would speak. In conversation, the listener can ask for clarification or elaboration easily, and thus the speaker can use imprecise language, ramble from topic to topic freely, and so on. Formal writing must instead stand on its own, conveying the author's thesis clearly through words alone. As a result, formal writing requires substantial effort to construct meaningful sentences, paragraphs, and arguments relevant to a well-defined thesis. The best formal writing will be difficult to write but very easy to read.

The author's time and effort spent on service 33626, writing will be repaid with the regents - thematic time and effort saved by the (many) readers. Make your thesis obvious throughout An essay, article, or report should have one main topic (the thesis) that is clearly evident in the introduction and conclusion. Of course, the thesis may itself be a conjunction or a contrast between two items, but it must still be expressible as a single, coherent point. A Good Essay! In a short essay, the - thematic main point should usually conclude the introductory paragraph. In a longer essay, the state thesis and dissertation main point generally concludes the essay on nationalism introductory section. The reader should never be in a good, any doubt about global regents what your thesis is; whenever you think it might not be absolutely obvious, remind the reader again. When in doubt, use the recipe: introduce, expand/justify, conclude Paragraphs, subsections, sections, chapters, and books all use the same structure: first make the topic clear, then expand upon essay writing service 33626 it, and finally sum up, tying everything back to the topic. At each level, you need to regents essay on nationalism, tell the reader what you will be trying to say (in this paragraph, section, etc.), then you need to problems, cover all the relevant material, clearly relating it to your stated point, and global essay finally you need to tie the subtopics together so that they do indeed add up to establish the point that you promised. Stay on topic Everything in on advantages and disadvantages of rain, your document should be related clearly to regents essay on nationalism, your main thesis.

You can write other papers later for anything else you might want to say. Problems Teenagers Face Today! The reason your reader is regents - thematic essay on nationalism reading this particular paper of essay on advantages and disadvantages, yours is that he or she wants to know about your main topic, not simply about everything you might want to say (unless for some narcissistic reason everything you might want to say is your clearly stated main topic). Conversely, there is no need to bring up items simply because they relate to your main topic, if you do not have anything to global essay, say about them. If you do bring something up, say something important about it! Staying on topic does not mean being one sided To avoid being misleading, you will often need to acknowledge some weaknesses in essay writing service, your argument or discuss some merits of an opposing argument. Regents Essay On Nationalism! It is quite appropriate to discuss such opposing views when they are relevant, i.e., when they relate directly to the main topic of your paper. For instance, if you are reviewing a paper and arguing that it was not written well overall, it is dissertation chapter usually a good idea to on nationalism, point out the few things that were done well, e.g. so that the essay writing reader does not get the impression that you just like to complain :-) . Global Regents - Thematic Essay On Nationalism! Often such opposing observations fit well just after the introduction, providing a background for the rest of that teenagers face today, your arguments that follow.

Whenever you do include such material, i.e. things that go in the direction opposite to your main thesis, be careful to regents - thematic essay on nationalism, put it into only a few well-defined places, reorganizing your argument to achieve that when necessary. Jumping back and forth will confuse the reader unnecessarily. In every case, try to make your point as clearly as possible, while at the same time not overstating it and 33626 not pretending that no other valid viewpoints exist. Transitions are difficult but very important Each sentence in - thematic essay on nationalism, your document should follow smoothly from the ohio university thesis preceding sentence, and each paragraph should follow smoothly from the preceding paragraph. - Thematic Essay On Nationalism! The world is writing service arguably an global regents - thematic essay, unstructured jumble of ideas, but anything that you expect the reader to read from start to ohio state university and dissertation, finish needs to be a linear progression along one single path. Transition words and phrases are what make it possible for a reader to follow you easily as you explore the various ideas in your paper. Without good transitions, the reader will end up backtracking repeatedly, which will often cause your point to be lost or your paper to - thematic essay on nationalism, be tossed aside altogether.

One clue that your writing needs better transitions is if you find that you can cut and paste paragraphs from one section to another without doing substantial rewriting of how the paragraph begins and state university ends. Global Regents - Thematic! If making such rearrangements is easy, then you have not been linking your paragraphs into essay starter a coherent narrative that reads well from start to essay, finish. In practice, making smooth transitions is very difficult. Learning to on advantages and disadvantages of rain, do it takes a lot of practice at first, and global essay actually making the transitions smooth takes a lot of effort every time you write or revise something. 4 Contents! One rule of - thematic essay on nationalism, thumb is that whenever you switch topics, you should try to provide a verbal clue that you are doing so, using transitions like However, . , As a result, . , For comparison, , etc. If you notice that you have to add these words between most of your sentences, not just the paragraphs, then you are bouncing around too much. In that case you need to reorganize your document to group related thoughts together, switching topics only when necessary. Once the organization is good, all you can do is read and reread what you write, rewording it until each new item follows easily from those before it. Write what you mean, mean what you write Speakers use many informal, colloquial phrases in casual conversation, usually intending to state and dissertation, convey meanings other than what the words literally indicate. For instance, we often speak informally of going the extra mile, at the end of the day, hard facts, things being crystal clear or pretty convincing, someone sticking to a topic, readers being turned off, something really being the global - thematic case, etc. Avoid such imprecise writing in formal prose -- whenever possible, the essay words you write should literally mean exactly what they say.

If there were no miles involved, do not write of extra ones; if there was no crystal, do not write about its clarity. Among other benefits, avoiding such informal language will ensure that your meaning is obvious even to global regents essay, those who have not learned the currently popular idioms, such as those for whom English is a second language and those who might read your writing years from now or in dissertation, another part of the world. Formal writing should be clear to as many people as possible, and regents on nationalism its meaning should not depend on the whims of your local dialect of English. It is essay and disadvantages a permanent and public record of your ideas, and regents essay on nationalism should mean precisely what you have written. Avoid redundancy Unfortunately, specifying minimum page requirements encourages redundancy, but please try to avoid that temptation. When two words will do, there is no need to use twenty. Whenever you finish a sentence or paragraph, read over it to see if any words or sentences can be eliminated -- often your point will get much stronger when you do so. Of Rain! In the academic community, your ability to write concisely is far more important than your ability to fill up a page with text.

Academic courses specify page minimums to ensure that you write an essay of the appropriate depth, not to test whether you can say the global essay on nationalism same thing a dozen different ways just to fill up space. In the real world, you will see many more page maximum specifications than page minimums. Be professional and diplomatic When writing about another's work, always write as if your subject may read your document. Your essays for a course assignment will probably not be published, but genuine scientific writing will be, and the subject of thesis, your paper may very well come across your work eventually. Thus it is global regents on nationalism crucial to avoid pejorative, insulting, and offensive terms like attempt to, a waste of time, pointless, etc. If some of the will i be in ten years essay essays I have seen were read out loud to the author under discussion, a fistfight would probably result. Global - Thematic On Nationalism! At the very least, you would have made an enemy for life, which is starter rarely a good idea. In any case, your points will be much more convincing if you can disagree professionally and diplomatically, without attacking the author or implying that he or she is an imbecile. And, finally, no one will publish your work if it is just a diatribe and not a sober, reasoned argument. To avoid these sorts of problems, it might be good to pretend that you are the author under discussion and re-read your essay through his or her eyes.

It should be straightforward to figure out global regents - thematic which parts would make you defensive or angry, and you can then reword those. Avoid imperative voice Use imperative voice sparingly in a scientific paper, because it comes across as rude (as do many of the sentences in what you are reading right now!). E.g. do not say Recall that . . Of course, an occasional imperative in parentheses is problems teenagers not objectionable (e.g. (see Walker 1996 for more details).). A formal document needs to be structured at all levels, whether or not the structure is made explicit using section labels or other visible clues. Overall structure The standard format for global - thematic, an effective essay or article is to: (1) present a coherent thesis in the introduction, (2) try your hardest to university thesis, convince the reader of your thesis in the body of the regents paper, and today (3) restate the regents on nationalism thesis in the conclusion so that the teenagers face today essay reader remains quite sure what your thesis is, and so that the reader can decide whether he or she was convinced. Using any other format for a formal article is almost invariably a bad idea. The introduction and conclusions do not always need to be labeled as such, but they need to - thematic essay, be there. Note that an abstract is no substitute for an introduction; abstracts act as an independent miniature version of the article, not part of the introduction.

Each paragraph is one relevant sub-topic Each paragraph in a document should have one topic that is clearly evident early in the paragraph. Every paragraph should have a clear relationship to the main topic of your document; if not, either the paragraph should be eliminated, or the main topic should be revised. Use complete sentences Except in i be, extraordinary circumstances, sentences in the main text must be complete, i.e., they must have a subject and a verb, so that they express an global, entire thought, not just a fragment or the chapter beginning of a thought. Note that most -ing words are not verbs. The light turning green is just a fragment, i.e., a start to a sentence or a part of one. To be a sentence that you could use on its own followed by a period, it would have to be The light turned green, which has both a subject and a verb. Put appropriate punctuation between sentences. Two complete sentences can be divided with a period, question mark, or exclamation point, or they can be weakly connected as clauses with a semicolon.

However, they can never be connected with a comma in formal writing! To see if your writing has this problem, consider each of your commas in turn. Global - Thematic On Nationalism! If you could replace the comma with a period, leaving two complete, meaningful sentences, then that comma is an error -- a comma can never be used like that! Instead, replace the comma with a semicolon, in essay 33626, case you have two sentences that need to be linked in some generic way, or make the essay on nationalism linkage explicit with a conjunction, or simply use a period, to leave two complete and independent sentences. Section titles Section titles for an article should say exactly and dissertation chapter succinctly what the regents - thematic on nationalism reader will get out of that section.

In most relatively short documents, using a standard set of section titles is best so that people can scan through your document quickly. Section standards vary in different fields, but a common set is: Introduction, Background, Methods (for an dissertation, experimental paper) or Architecture (for a modeling paper), Discussion, Future Work (often merged with Discussion), and Conclusion. If you do not use the standard titles, e.g. if you have labeled lower-level subsections, you should be quite explicit about - thematic on nationalism what is in that section. Such labels should make sense to someone who has not yet read that section, and make it clear why they should read it. For instance, a section about adding a second eye to a simulation of single-eye vision could truthfully be called Multiple eyes, but that title is teenagers today meaningless to someone scanning the document. Instead, it should be something like Extending the model to explain stereo vision whose meaning will be clear to the type of - thematic essay on nationalism, person likely to be reading the paper.

Everything important goes in your introduction and conclusion Everyone who looks at your paper will at dissertation 4 contents, least skim the introduction and conclusion, and those who read it in depth will remember those two sections the global - thematic best. So make sure that your most important points are quite prominent and unmissable in those sections. Say it, never just say that you will say it In the introduction, conclusion, and abstract (if any), do not merely describe what you are going to say or have said; actually say it! For instance, do not just state that I will discuss and evaluate this paper if you will later argue that (for example) it is not convincing. Instead state that the paper is unconvincing, and (in brief) why you believe that to be the case. 4 Contents! Then you can elaborate on that point in essay on nationalism, subsequent paragraphs. Subsections If you have sections 1, 1.1, and 1.2, there must be introductory material between 1 and 1.1 that explains briefly what is in the subsections, mentioned in the order of the subsections. That is, 1.1 should never follow just after 1 without some intervening text. If you have 1.1, there must always be a 1.2; otherwise 1 and 1.1 should be merged. Each 1.x subsection should end with a concluding statement of what has been established in that subsection, wrapping things up before moving on to the next subsection. Figure captions Different communities have different expectations on university thesis and dissertation, what to put into figure captions.

Some journals, like Science , have very long captions, which are meant to be readable independently of the main article. That way, readers can skim articles and only look at interesting figures, before deciding whether to read the whole article. Regents - Thematic! In such cases, you must ensure that all of the main points of the figure are also mentioned in the text of the article, so that someone reading the article straight through will not miss them. Ohio State And Dissertation! Other journals and on nationalism other publications like books, theses, and proposals tend to have very little in the caption, with the figures being understandable only on advantages and disadvantages when reading the global main text. Even in such cases, I myself prefer to put all the graphical details like the dotted line represents in essay writing, the caption, plus enough context so that the import of the figure is regents - thematic clear. You are welcome to ohio thesis and dissertation, have your own preferences, but you should be aware of what you are trying to achieve, i.e. whether you want the caption to be readable on its own. Try hard to global regents essay, avoid ambiguous references Conversation is replete with ambiguous words like this, these, his, it, they, etc. These words have no meaning in themselves, but in conversation the dissertation chapter meaning is usually clear from the context.

In written text, however, the intended meaning is global regents on nationalism quite often not evident to the reader, because there are e.g. many possible interpretations of will i be in ten, it and this. It is regents essay a good idea to problems teenagers face today, read over anything you write, searching for this sort of word. For each instance, first ask yourself To what specific item does this term refer?. For such a reference to make sense, the object, person, or concept must have been explicitly mentioned just prior to your reference. Often you will find that it or they refers to something vague that was not even discussed explicitly in your paper, in which case you should reword your text entirely. Even if the item to global essay on nationalism, which you refer is explicitly mentioned in your paper, ask yourself whether there is any chance that the reader might not know to which of several items you might be referring. E.g. for the word he, were there two or three people being discussed? If so then state the actual name of each; he would be ambiguous.

Often an ambiguous this or these can be disambiguated by adding a noun that specifies precisely the writing 33626 type of object or concept to which you are referring. For instance, this argument or this paper is less confusing than simply this. That is, do not use this followed directly by a verb phrase, but you can use this before a noun phrase, as in this sentence is a good example of the use of the word 'this'. Watch out for homonyms Spell checkers are wonderful, but they are absolutely useless for detecting misused homonyms or near-homonyms, i.e., actual words whose meaning is confused with other actual words. As a result, homonyms are probably the most common spelling errors in word-processed text. Even if you are lazy and let the spell checker fix all of your other words, make certain that you know the differences between words like: If you do not know the difference, you must simply avoid using any of these words. Regents - Thematic! Yet because the spell checker takes care of all the other words you may misspell, learning to use these few words correctly is surely not much of a burden, and is crucial for convincing your readers that you are competent and essay service trustworthy.

Avoid comprise Apparently the word comprise has now been used incorrectly so many times to mean compose that this usage is now becoming acceptable. But it is much safer simply to global regents - thematic on nationalism, avoid comprise altogether, as anyone who does know what it started out meaning will be annoyed when you use it to mean compose. But and years however are not interchangeable The words but and however have similar meanings, but they are not interchangeable. If you take a grammatically correct sentence containing but and global - thematic on nationalism replace it with however, or vice versa, the result will almost always be incorrect, mainly because of comma punctuation. I like oranges, but I do not like tangerines. I like oranges. Writing Service 33626! However, I do not like tangerines. I like oranges; however, I do not like tangerines. I, however, do not like grapefruits. I like oranges however they have been prepared. If you exchange any of these buts and howevers, then the sentences would become incorrect, and in some cases meaningless.

A point is a single item The word point can only regents - thematic essay be used for a single, atomic item. Thus it is not appropriate to discuss a sub-point, part of a point, the first half of a point, etc. Instead use topic or section, etc. A research There is essay 33626 no noun phrase a research in English. Use a study or just research, never a research. Similarly, there is no separate plural form of research; researches is an English verb, not a noun. Avoid capitalization When in doubt, use lower case.

Capitalization is global regents appropriate only for specific, named, individual items or people. For example, capitalize school subjects only when you are referring to a specific course at i be in ten years essay, a specific school: math is a general subject, but Math 301 is a particular course. Similarly: Department of Computer Sciences vs. a computer science department, the global - thematic essay on nationalism president vs. Dissertation Chapter 4 Contents! President Bush. When in doubt, use lower case.

Avoid contractions Contractions are appropriate only for conversational use and for informal writing, never for technical or formal writing. Hyphenate phrases only when otherwise ambiguous In English phrases (groups of several words forming a unit), hyphens are used to group pairs of words when the - thematic on nationalism meaning might otherwise be ambiguous. That is, they act like the parentheses in a mathematical expression. They should normally otherwise be avoided unless they are part of a single word (or the dictionary explicitly requires them), i.e., it is a mistake to i be in ten years essay, use a hyphen where the global essay meaning was already clear and in ten years unambiguous. For instance, long adjective phrases preceding a noun sometimes include another noun temporarily being used as an adjective. Global Essay! Such phrases can often be parsed several different ways with different meanings. For example, the essay and disadvantages of rain phrase English language learners as written means language learners from England, because, by regents default, language modifies learners, and English modifies language learners. But the phrase that was intended was probably English-language learners, i.e. learners of the English language, and using the hyphen helps make that grouping clear. Note that there would never be a hyphen if the same phrase were used after the noun it modifies, because in that case there would be absolutely no chance of essay service 33626, ambiguity: a learner of the English language ( NEVER a learner of the global - thematic English-language; the hyphen effectively turns the noun phrase English language into dissertation an adjective, and regents on nationalism a prepositional phrase starting with of the must be completed with a noun, not an adjective).

Note that hyphens are used only in adjective phrases; they are not needed after an adverb (and are therefore incorrect). Dissertation Chapter! An adverb explicitly modifies the global - thematic adjective immediately following it, never a noun. For instance, a quickly dropping stock cannot possibly be mistaken for a quickly dropping-stock, because adverbs like quickly cannot modify a noun phrase like dropping stock, and so quickly clearly must modify dropping. In general, there should never be a hyphen after an adverb ending in ly, though hyphens are sometimes necessary after some non-adverbial ly words like early (as in the correct examples an early-rising rooster or an early-rising English-language learner). You may want to search through your finished document for ly-; nearly all examples of those three characters in a row will be mistakes.

In some very complicated phrases, two levels of grouping can be achieved using an en dash, i.e. a slightly longer dash than a hyphen. For instance, a language-learning--associated problem would be a problem associated with language learning; the hyphen groups language and learning, while the en-dash -- connects language learning with associated. Without hyphens or without the en-dash, the phrase would be quite difficult to read. But in such cases it is often clearer just to a good essay, reword the sentence to avoid the ambiguity, as in a problem associated with language learning. In cases where the word grouping is quite obvious because the pair of words are so often used together, the hyphen can be omitted even when it would strictly be required to avoid ambiguity. For instance chocolate chip cookies is unlikely to be misread as chocolate chip-cookies, despite that being the literal interpretation, and so the hyphen can usually be omitted from chocolate-chip cookies.

In general, you should hyphenate a phrase when that particular sentence would otherwise be ambiguous. In any other case, even a nearby sentence containing the same phrase but e.g. after the noun it modifies, you should leave out the hyphen. I.e., the hyphen is not a property of the phrase, but of how you are using the phrase in the sentence. American vs. British English I myself am American by birth, despite lecturing in regents on nationalism, a British university, and I use American spellings by default (e.g. organization, not organisation). Authors are generally free to use whichever spelling they prefer, although publishers will often change the spellings to chapter, make e.g. Regents On Nationalism! all the papers in a certain edited volume use the same conventions.

Thus please do not hesitate to use whichever one of the (correct) spellings you are more comfortable with, as long as you keep it consistent throughout the document. Formatting and grammar rules When in problems essay, doubt about grammar or page format, researchers in global - thematic, psychology and computer science generally follow the APA style guide; biological fields use similar standards. Unfortunately, you do have to pay for the APA guide, though it is now available in a less-expensive electronic edition. Pay attention to how your document looks Use readable, clear fonts and reasonable margins, following the typical format used for essay on advantages and disadvantages, similar documents. If your word processor cannot make the spacing regular between words (e.g. most versions of Microsoft Word), turn off right justification.

Poor spacing makes the page look jumbled and regents essay on nationalism seem incoherent, even if the writing is not. Nearly all formal writing should simply be stapled --- anything else looks unprofessional. For instance, using a fancy cover and binding for a short paper or report is distracting and makes it difficult to where will, photocopy the paper; such binding is necessary only for long papers that a staple would have trouble keeping together. At the opposite regents extreme, it should be obvious that folding one corner is not an dissertation chapter 4 contents, acceptable substitute for regents - thematic essay, a staple. Authors are authors, not writers The people who perform a scientific study are called authors, never writers, even though the results are presented in a written paper. Scientific authorship includes much more than the actual writing, and some authors may well not have written any word in in ten years, the paper. Use last names Never refer to the authors by global essay their first names, as if they were your friends. They are not, and ohio state thesis even if they were, it would be inappropriate to draw attention to that circumstance. Except in unusual cases to avoid ambiguity or to discuss specific people (e.g. the original founders of a field of research), first names are not even mentioned in the body of regents essay on nationalism, a scientific text; the last names are sufficient.

Author names are keys -- spell them properly In academic writing, an author's last name is like the essay on advantages and disadvantages key in a database lookup -- if the name is misspelled (e.g. Davis for Davies), your reader will not be able to global - thematic essay, locate works by teenagers face today that author in the library or online. Moreover, it is extraordinarily impolite to misspell someone's name when you are discussing them; doing so shows that you have not paid much attention to them or their work. So you should make a special effort to spell author names correctly, double and triple checking them against the original source, and ensuring that you spell them the same way each time. Use appropriate pronouns Use appropriate pronouns when referring to regents, the authors. And Disadvantages! If there are multiple authors, use they or the authors or the authors' last names, not he or the author. If there is only one author and you can determine the gender with great confidence, you may use he or she; otherwise use the author or the author's last name.

Referring to regents on nationalism, other texts Use double quotes around the title of an ohio, article when you refer to it in global regents essay on nationalism, the text. Italics are reserved for books or other works of similar length. Problems That Today! Avoid underlining altogether --- underlining is just a way of indicating that handwritten or typewritten text should be typeset in global regents - thematic essay on nationalism, italics, and is thus inappropriate when italics are available (as they are on on advantages and disadvantages, any modern word processor). Be very precise when discussing an regents on nationalism, author discussing another author For better or worse, academic writing often devolves into discussions of essay 33626, what one author said about another author. If commenting on such controversies, you should be extremely careful about using ambiguous terms like his, the author, etc. Regents - Thematic! Very often your reader will have no idea which of the various authors you are referring to, even though it may be clear to 33626, you. When in doubt, use the actual last names instead, even if they might sound repetitive. Avoid footnotes Footnotes should be used quite sparingly, and should never be used as a way to avoid the hard work of making your text flow into a coherent narrative. Only when something genuinely cannot be made to fit into the main flow of the text, yet is somehow still so important that it must be mentioned, does it go into on nationalism a footnote. Avoid direct quotes In scientific (as opposed to a good, literary or historical) writing, direct quotes should be used only global - thematic when the precise wording of the original sentences is today essay important, e.g. if the work is global essay on nationalism so groundbreaking that the words themselves have driven research in a good essay, this field. In nearly every other case, paraphrasing is more appropriate, because it lets you formulate the - thematic on nationalism idea in where i be years, the terms suitable for your particular paper, focusing on the underlying issue rather than the way one author expressed it.

Be careful with arguments about grammar If you are going to criticize the global - thematic essay on nationalism grammar or spelling of an author in writing, you should be extraordinarily careful to face essay, verify that you are correct. Reading a long rant from an regents - thematic, American about how a person of problems teenagers face today essay, British upbringing has supposedly misspelled words like utilisation, or vice versa, can be quite painful. There is no need to mention explicitly reading the paper A lot of students use phrases like while reading this paper, I . and In this paper the authors . On Nationalism! . Problems That Teenagers Face Today Essay! Try to global regents essay on nationalism, avoid this redundancy. If you use the word author you need not also use paper, and vice versa. And Disadvantages Of Rain! Similarly, it is global regents - thematic on nationalism clear that whatever you discovered about the paper, you discovered while reading the paper; we do not need to be reminded of this. Academic writing is that face essay always about global - thematic on nationalism papers and authors, and thus those topics should only be discussed when they are relevant.

Discussing existing work Whenever you bring up an existing piece of research, whether it is essay starter your own or someone else's, there is a standard way of doing it properly. First you say what the research showed, then you say what its limitations are, and then you say how your own work is going to overcome those limitations. I.e., say what has been done, what has not been done, and how you are going to do some of what has not been done. If you are doing a literature review rather than an original research paper, you just describe what you think should be done, rather than what you plan to do. Unless you want to make an enemy, you should always mention something positive about existing work before exploring the limitations, and you should always assume that the person you are discussing will read what you wrote. Of course, sometimes there is a good reason to make an enemy, e.g. to draw attention to yourself by regents essay on nationalism attacking someone famous, but you should be sure to choose your enemies wisely. Discussing proposed work In a research proposal, it is never acceptable to announce only that you are planning to study topic X. In the context of research, studying is essay service 33626 a vague and global unbounded task, with no criterion for success and no way to tell if you are getting anywhere. Studying is something you do in dissertation, a course, where someone can tell you what to focus on and can test you to global regents essay, see if you got the right answer; research is not like that. In research, you need to spell out the specific questions you are going to try to answer, the specific phenomena that need explanations, and so on -- it's up to you to define the question and the methods, and until you've done so, it's not research, just idle speculation. Discussion/future work In the discussion sections of a research paper, be sure to discuss all topics that the audience expected to see in the paper, even if you yourself do not believe them to be relevant.

The reader is more likely to assume that you have been sloppy about your literature review than to chapter, assume you knew about the - thematic on nationalism work but believed it not to be relevant. Page restrictions can help here --- they provide a good excuse for omitting topics that you do not believe to be relevant. In a longer article or thesis without page limits you have no choice but to address the issue and explicitly state why the topic is not relevant despite the essay common belief that it is. Bibliographies Students often seem to think that bibliographies are mysterious, tricky things with rules far too complex to understand or remember. Although there is a vast array of different bibliographic formats, the global regents essay underlying principles are actually not complicated at all. Where I Be Years! Simply put, all bibliographies must have a certain basic minimum standard of - thematic, information in order to problems that teenagers face essay, fulfill their function of allowing people to locate the essay on nationalism specific item of service 33626, reference material you cite. In particular, every bibliography entry needs an author, date, and title, every journal article absolutely must have a volume and page numbers, and every conference paper must have the title of the conference proceedings, the page numbers, and some indication of who published it.

Without having every bit of this basic information, there is no way to be sure that readers can find the global essay on nationalism one specific article that you are discussing. Conversely, you should not include anything not necessary or useful for locating the article, such as the cost of reprints. As long as the correct information is included, there are many acceptable bibliography formats, though note that in essay on advantages and disadvantages, all cases each entry ends in regents essay on nationalism, a period. Citations The bibliography or reference list in where will in ten, an academic paper must consist of precisely those sources that you cite in the text, without any extra sources and without omitting any. Global - Thematic On Nationalism! Each citation must provide enough information for the reader to find the essay correct source in - thematic essay on nationalism, the bibliography; beyond that, any number of citation formats will do unless there is some specific standard you are told to follow.

One common approach is to use author-date citations like (Smith, Wu, and Tong 2008), but other approaches such as numbering the bibliography entries and then using bracketed or superscript numbers are also fine. If using numeric citations with brackets, note that there must always be a space before the first bracket, as in . known [1], ( not . known[1]). If using author-date citations, you must remember that any item in parentheses does not exist , as far as the grammar of the sentence is state university concerned, and thus it cannot be used as part of the sentence. Thus the rule is simply to put the global regents on nationalism parentheses around the part that would be acceptable to 33626, omit when reading aloud, as in Carlin (1972) showed that. Global On Nationalism! or . That Face Today Essay! as seen in rats (Carlin 1972). ( not (Carlin 1972) showed that. - Thematic On Nationalism! and not . as seen in rats Carlin (1972).). It is will years essay usually best to global regents - thematic essay on nationalism, have only a single level of parentheses, because multiple parentheses start to writing service 33626, distract from the global - thematic essay on nationalism main text. Thus I would prefer has been established (but for a counterexample see Johnson, 1905) to chapter, has been established (but for a counterexample see Johnson (1905)). I and we Writing standards disagree about whether to use I and we (and their various forms) in academic work. Some argue that those personal pronouns distract from what should be objective and scientifically valid without recourse to any particular speaker, or even that they just do not sound scientific. Others argue that omitting I and we results in global - thematic on nationalism, awkward, passive sentences rather than direct We did X sentences.

Personally, I believe that academic writing should use personal pronouns whenever what is being reported was an essay writing 33626, arbitrary and specific choice made by a human being, or for global regents - thematic essay, opinions or personal judgment, precisely because these pronouns emphasize that a human was involved in the work. When reporting universal scientific facts or observations, I would not use personal pronouns, because any reasonable observer would have reported similar results and thus there is no need to will years essay, emphasize the - thematic on nationalism role of the authors. Thus, personally, I believe that I and problems that face essay we have their place in regents, academic writing, i.e., to in ten years, emphasize the global - thematic essay on nationalism human element where appropriate; in other circumstances I would discourage their use. Please note that I happen to disagree with a few of the will i be in ten essay rules commonly accepted for regents essay, English text, and in essay on advantages and disadvantages, the text on - thematic on nationalism, this page I happily use my own rules instead. You might wish to follow the accepted usage in such cases, though I would much rather everyone used my own much better rules as listed below.

If you do agree to join my one-man campaign to fix the ohio state university thesis English language, I cannot accept any responsibility for global regents, points deducted by less enlightened folks. :-) Punctuation after quotations In American English (and in some cases for British English), punctuation following a bit of quoted text is traditionally placed inside the chapter quotation. However, I consider that rule an regents essay on nationalism, egregious violation of the whole notion of quotation, i.e. an where will years, obvious bug in the English language. Global Regents Essay On Nationalism! For example, if I am quoting someone who said that life is hard, I always put the comma outside the quotation mark because they themselves did not necessarily have a pause when they said it; in fact, they probably had a full stop (which would be written as a period). Accepted American usage is to essay writing 33626, write life is hard, but the computer programmer in me just cannot be convinced to make such an global regents essay, obvious semantic error. Spaces around dashes An em-dash is a good starter a long dash, longer than an global - thematic on nationalism, en-dash and problems teenagers today essay a hyphen. The traditional formatting for global regents essay, an em-dash does not use any spaces, as in life is hard---then you die. Thesis And Dissertation! However, I myself much prefer to put a space before and regents - thematic after the dash.

Without the dissertation spaces the dash appears to be connecting two words like hard---then, which makes no grammatical sense. Grammatically, the function of the dash is to separate and connect phrases or clauses, not words, and regents I prefer to essay service 33626, make that visually clear by putting spaces around the - thematic dash. Dissertation! Again, in my opinion the accepted usage is a bug in the language. Dangling prepositions Officially, it is an error to end a sentence with a preposition, as in regents - thematic essay, they arrived at the place they were heading to. However, in practice it is often very difficult and essay service 33626 awkward to reword sentences to regents essay, avoid dangling prepositions. Thus I consider this rule to where will i be in ten, be optional at best. Serial commas In Britain and some other less-enlightened countries, the comma is often omitted before an 'and' in a list. For instance, they will write of ham, chips and eggs, rather than ham, chips, and essay eggs.

I consider this an a good starter, appalling, confusing construction, because it meaninglessly groups the global regents on nationalism last two items in the list together. Lists are generally meant to be collections of equals, so there should be just as many separators between chips and eggs as between ham and chips. In many cases, omitting the where years essay serial comma is ambiguous. Moreover, in the very rare case where adding the comma is ambiguous, the sentence should be rewritten anyway. Oxford University Press, at - thematic essay on nationalism, least, agrees with me; see the Wikipedia serial comma entry. Again, this insistence on using appropriate syntax is probably driven by the computer programmer in in ten years, me, but I think all right-thinking people should be offended whenever a serial comma is omitted. Commas after i.e. and e.g. Many grammar books state that a comma is always required after i.e. and e.g. used in a sentence, as in sentences often contain spelling errors, i.e., words spelled incorrectly. The inspiration for this rule is that such abbreviations should be mentally expanded to regents on nationalism, the English translation of the Latin phrase for which they stand (i.e. translating to that is, and e.g. translating to for example, which in itself is an important distinction to know). However, these terms come up very often in formal writing, and in many cases I consider it inappropriate to add symbolic pauses (i.e. commas) around them. Such pauses break up the flow of the sentence, and today essay modern readers treat the abbreviations just as they would any other word, without internally translating them to regents, Latin phrases and then English phrases.

Thus in many cases I prefer to omit the comma after the abbreviation, and sometimes also the one before it. Some people, even more pedantic than I, disagree. This document is in the public domain. You are free to copy it, redistribute it, modify it, or use it for any other non-fraudulent purpose. State University Thesis And Dissertation! If redistributing a complete copy or a lengthy excerpt, please (1) retain this notice, (2) clearly mark the global on nationalism original author, and (3) clearly mark any changes that you make as your own and state thesis and dissertation not those of the global regents essay original author.

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Agriculture , Civilization , Maya civilization 1202 Words | 4 Pages. ? Abdullah Dobashi AP World History Due: 9/11/13 Day of Empire In order for Amy . Chua to fully understand how nations succeed she first studied the ancient empires of Persia and essay China to the recent global empires of England and the United States. - Thematic. While she was studying the ancient empires of Persia and China she discovered a historical pattern that even leads into today’s society. Amy Chua found out that tolerance and assimilation were necessary for an empire to. Achaemenid Empire , China , Genghis Khan 1452 Words | 4 Pages. AP ® WORLD HISTORY 2010 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 3 — Comparative BASIC CORE (competence) 0–7 . Points 1. Has acceptable thesis.

1 Point • The thesis must include both a valid similarity and a valid difference in methods of political control in chapter two of the - thematic on nationalism, empires. Dissertation Chapter. • The thesis must be relevant to the time period, but the dates need not be explicit. • The thesis must be explicitly stated in the introduction or the specified conclusion of the essay. Regents Essay On Nationalism. • The thesis may appear as one sentence. Difference , Han Dynasty , Negative and non-negative numbers 1129 Words | 5 Pages. AP ® WORLD HISTORY 2007 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 2—Continuity/Change Over Time BASIC CORE . (competence) 0–7 Points 1. Has acceptable thesis. 1 Point • The thesis correctly specifies both change and continuity in the formation of national identity in the region of the Middle East, Southeast Asia, OR Sub-Saharan Africa from starter, 1914 to the present. Global Regents On Nationalism. • The thesis must be explicitly stated in the introduction or the conclusion of the essay. • The thesis may appear as one sentence or as multiple. Africa , All rights reserved , Ethiopia 1129 Words | 5 Pages. If you tried to do POV, did you get it or not?

Look closely at what you wrote for POV. General Comments: - The word is Confucian . –not Confusion, Confucious, nor even Confucionis. You need to write the right word so at the AP reading they don’t laugh at you J! - These are pretty decent DBQ’s, especially for the first one of the year –Congratulations! - Yet, this was also a pretty SHORT DBQ (only 6 docs –that’s the 4 contents, least EVER given to work with). Global - Thematic On Nationalism. . Buddhism , China , Confucianism 2018 Words | 7 Pages. Writing Service 33626. form irrigation systems so they could grow their own food and make a profit from global regents - thematic essay on nationalism, it. Water and the rivers were also a means of traveling. If it were not for . the water source close to will in ten years, both civilizations they would not have been able to get around the world for trade. When I tried to look for global - thematic essay characteristics that are critical for a society to become a civilization this website: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_characteristics_are_critical_for_society_to_become_civilizations this website gave the simple. Dissertation Chapter 4 Contents. Agriculture , Ancient Egypt , Ancient Near East 648 Words | 4 Pages.

All Rights Reserved and United States History. 2007 AP ® UNITED STATES HISTORY FREE - RESPONSE QUESTIONS UNITED STATES . HISTORY SECTION II Part A (Suggested writing time—45 minutes) Percent of Section II score—45 Directions: The following question requires you to construct a coherent essay that integrates your interpretation of regents, Documents A-J and your knowledge of the period referred to 4 contents, in the question . High scores will be earned only by essays that both cite key pieces of evidence from the documents and draw on outside knowledge of the period. 1. A Good Thing , All rights reserved , American Civil War 1297 Words | 4 Pages. Ap World History Curriculum Framework Questions. Global - Thematic On Nationalism. lifestyles to seek more urban professions * Western Europe – the will i be, Roman Catholic Church was separate from the state; the pope held religious . authority while the emperor headed the state – system of feudalism ensured loyalty in the chaos-ridden world of that time * China – centralized, individual cities; landowners were given privileges by the government rather than merchants, as merchants were viewed as lazy people who gained profit through the works of others 4. Do you see any. Byzantine Empire , Christendom , Constantinople 1335 Words | 4 Pages. Summary of Free Response Questions.

WRITTEN SECTIONS OF AP WORLD HISTORY TEST In the free - response section of the . AP World History Exam, all students are asked to answer three constructed- response (essay) questions : Part A — An essay that requires comparison and analysis of up to ten “documents” which can include texts, pictures, graphs, maps, etc.—DOCUMENT BASED QUESTION (DBQ) Part B — An essay question that deals specifically with continuity and change over time (covering at least one of the periods in the concept outline). Africa , China , Culture 271 Words | 2 Pages. AP World History Ch. 21 Focus Questions. sacrifice? They adopted religious traditions from the Olmecs, Two principal gods- Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl, believed Gods had set the . world in motion through acts of individual sacrifice, priests performed acts of global - thematic, self-sacrifice, the God Huitzilopochtli “demanded” human sacrifices. They thought that they needed to appease the gods to avoid the destruction of the world 7. Which of the societies of North America had developed settled agriculture by the fifteenth century? What kind of agriculture was. Agriculture , Andes , Aztec 700 Words | 3 Pages. chapter 3 questions AP world history. represented the pharaohs together with a falcon or a hawk (the symbol of Horus.) After, they viewed rulers as offspring of ohio state university and dissertation, Amon (a sun god) so that the . pharaoh was a son of the sun. Power of the pharaohs was greatest during the - thematic on nationalism, first millennium of Egyptian history - the essay and disadvantages, eras known as the regents essay, Archaic Period (3100-2660 B.C.E.) and the Old Kingdom (2660-2160 B.C.E.). The pyramid of Khufu (also known as Cheops) is the largest.

Agricultural surpluses supported a population of perhaps 4 million people as well as an. Ancient Egypt , Aswan , Cairo 1353 Words | 4 Pages. an unknown mass of land blocking the route to Asia, the Americas. Columbus failed his main task he did not discover a quicker route to essay starter, Asia but instead . discovered the Americas a whole new world previously unknown to global - thematic on nationalism, the people of a good starter, Europe. Regents On Nationalism. 5) The conquistadores made great strides in writing 33626 exploring the New World and gaining new land for Spain, but their treatment of the Natives were inhumane and cruel. These Spaniards should they should not be praised for - thematic on nationalism what the where will in ten essay, did. The conquistadores systematically. Americas , Europe , Indigenous peoples of the Americas 1072 Words | 4 Pages. AP World History Chapter 16 discussion Questions. were then accused of witch craft.

The Enlightenment is a movement toward progress; The Enlightenment was a result of the idea that it was ok to agree with . either science or religion, either agree with said people of the global regents - thematic on nationalism, enlightenment are meant to question everything 2. The tenets of Lutheranism and Calvinism differed from chapter 4 contents, Catholicism because they had a different ideas on how to regents - thematic on nationalism, reach salvation. The Catholics believed good works would ensure that everyone has salvation, Calvinists believed in on advantages predestination. Calvinism , Catholic Church , Christianity 885 Words | 3 Pages. ? EUROPEAN HISTORY DBQ . 1. Explain the reasons for the adoption of global essay, a new calendar in essay revolutionary France and analyze reactions to global - thematic essay, it in . the period 1789 to 1806. Historical Background: On November 24, 1793, the National Convention adopted a revolutionary calendar to replace the Gregorian calendar (established by dissertation chapter the Roman Catholic Church in 1582). New Year’s Day was moved from January 1 to global - thematic essay, September 22, the a good starter, founding date of the global - thematic essay on nationalism, French Republic, and this date in 1792 marked the beginning. French First Republic , French Republican Calendar , Gregorian calendar 1147 Words | 5 Pages. AP World History Chapter 13 questions. I Be Years. married a wealthy widow, Khadija, in regents 595 Became a merchant at age thirty and was exposed to various faiths Muhammad's spiritual transformation at age . forty There was only one true god, Allah (the god) Allah would soon bring judgment on the world The archangel Gabriel delivered these revelations to Muhammad The Quran (recitation)--holy book of Islam Followers compiled Muhammad's revelations Work of poetry and where years essay definitive authority on Islam Other works include hadith (sayings and. Al-Andalus , Arabic language , Islam 1141 Words | 4 Pages. -Mohammed is not the final prophets -10%-15%Population Sunnis- Believe that only the Umayyad as the ruler -Mohammed is the last Prophets . Global Regents - Thematic On Nationalism. -80%-85%population 10.Umayyad Caliphate Social structure -Muslim Arab -NonArab Muslim -Non Muslim Free person -Slaves *Inequality leads to social unrest more of Muslim Population become Non Arabic were not giving the years essay, same right as Arab -Dome Of rock Build later destroyed by the Rome. -Islamic Golden Age 11.Fall of Abbasid -brought crops to Europe . Genghis Khan , Golden Horde , Islam 537 Words | 3 Pages.

AP Psychology Free Response Questions Sample The following questions are samples . of the free response questions from past AP Psychology exams. The free response sections are worth 33 1/3 percent of the regents - thematic on nationalism, total grade. Students have 50 minutes to answer two questions . The key to successfully answering these questions is will i be to: completely define the terms using appropriate psychological terminology and then critically apply each term. Many students concentrate their efforts on regents - thematic essay on nationalism, the multiple-choice. On Advantages. Free response , Intelligence , Intelligence quotient 1439 Words | 6 Pages. entire empire; population inexhaustible.

II. The primary reason a state succeeded in empire building was: a. An ideology supporting personal identification . with the state, empire, conquest and militarism: Rome: “republic” based on citizenship of free men; citizenship ensured loyalty to the state and regents - thematic brought taxes into university the state treasury; emperor-dictators had to support the idea of the republic and pretend to follow what the Senate, council of regents, elder wealthy men, decreed. Development of bureaucracy. China , Government , Han 576 Words | 2 Pages. Ap World History Comparative Review. And Disadvantages Of Rain. AP World History Review: Comparative Questions Curtain Call Directions: Use your textbook and or . Global - Thematic Essay. your Princeton Review Book to list as many facts about the following historical comparisons. Use the attached Societal Comparison sheet as a guideline for what to compare and contrast.

Remember that you do not have to fill in every topic on the sheet, try and get used to looking for these topics when you are comparing societies-in this way you will increase your speed in breaking down the comparative. Communism , Europe , Industrial Revolution 1054 Words | 5 Pages. The green revolution was the worlds introduction to modern agricultural and chapter 4 contents a time of vast improvements in the worlds fight in . hunger. - Thematic Essay. New technologies such as hi yield variety seeds Chemical fertilizer and agricultural machinery lid this revolution and are still a big part of the way we produce food for the world we live in today. The green revolution saved A lot of small developing countries throughout the world . Ohio University. Food is now a mass produced all around the world in fields and distributed to global regents - thematic on nationalism, countries. Africa , Agriculture , Famine 2451 Words | 6 Pages. ? AP World History Chapter 6 - India and Southern Asia Name:____________________________ Chapter . Objectives: When you finish studying this chapter you should be able to answer the following questions . Essay Starter. In what ways has the environments of India and Southeast Asia influenced the choice of the livelihood of the global regents essay on nationalism, people, as well as the ohio university, development of distinct social and regents on nationalism governmental structures. How did India evolve into a complex social system and three distinct religious systems to meet the. Asia , Buddhism , Gautama Buddha 726 Words | 4 Pages. Where In Ten Years. World History: Questions and Answers. Most countries moved from absolute monarchies to constitutional monarchies.

When Louis XIV said, I am the - thematic essay on nationalism, state, what political system was he . representing? Absolute monarchy. What happened as a result of the Russian Revolution? The Cold War between the superpowers. At the beginning of World War I, which outsider helped speed up the decline of the czar's government? Rasputin. Ohio State Thesis. What was the result of the Chinese Civil War?

China officially became a communist nation. What advances did Mao Zedong's rule bring to China? Equal rights for women. Government 819 Words | 4 Pages. Ap World History Summer Assignment. Global Regents - Thematic On Nationalism. Tevan Luong AP World History : Summer Assignment Chapter 1 1. Geography and essay service climate play a major role in the . development of early human societies, for global regents instance, Middle Eastern grains did not grow at all in 33626 the humidity of equatorial West Africa.

Rather than cultivating grains, the geography and climate limitations made it more suitable to grow rice, pearl millet, and sorghum in West Africa. The barriers that the global - thematic, environment set led to the diversity of human culture and diets based on the condition. Ancient Egypt , Civilization , Civilizations 881 Words | 3 Pages. ? In the study of World history , there are many types of on advantages of rain, ways civilization can be defined. Many archeologists, . anthropologists, and essay on nationalism historians have found it to a good essay starter, be very problematic in finding the one unsurpassed definition. No matter what people may disagree on when it comes to global regents essay on nationalism, their definition of civilization, one thing is for sure, it is a society. However, a society can be made up of a long detailed list of different aspects and guidelines in order to make sure it stays intact, or it can be. Anthropology , Civilization , Culture 903 Words | 3 Pages. 4 Contents. AP Central AP Annual Conference 2015 - . Call for Proposals AP Teacher Communities AP Exams College Enrollment Click here to visit the regents on nationalism, SpringBoard Microsite AP Exam Reader Print Page Home AP Courses and will in ten Exams AP Exam Information AP World History Exam AP World History Exam More About AP World History . ## AP Exam. Adobe Acrobat , Portable Document Format , Sample 553 Words | 6 Pages. selfish ideas that he had about marriage. The arguments that he brings up are not about why she should marry him, but rather about why he should marry . her instead. It is regents on nationalism as if the receiver, the lady in question , asked Mr.

Collins to marry her first and he is writing a response to the request. Also phrases such as, “and for your own, let her be an essay, active, useful sort of person, not brought up high, but able to make a small income go a good way,” reveal that Mr. Collins thinks women. Age at first marriage , Charles Dickens , Engagement 671 Words | 4 Pages. ? World History AP withMr. Derrick-Learning Targets Part2- The Classical Era in World . History , 500B.C.E. -500C.E. Chapter6- Classical Era Variations: Africa and the Americas500B.C.E.–1200C.E. Learning Targets ? Analyze classical civilizations thatevolvedoutsideof themorewell-known civilizations of Eurasia ? Comparethedevelopmentof civilizationsinAfrica and the Americas ? Examinethefactorsthatmakecivilizationsdevelop andanalyzewhytheydevelop differentlyin someregions ? Distinguishthecharacteristics.

Africa , Americas , Ancient Pueblo Peoples 1170 Words | 6 Pages. ? AP World History Study Guide General Terms to Study: Unit 1: history concepts/Prehistory . Prehistory - Refers to the long period of time before people invented systems of writing. The Five Themes of Geography - Location refers to the relative or absolute location of regents - thematic on nationalism, places. Relative location describes a place with respect to its environment and its connection to other places. Absolute location provides a definite reference to locate a place. The reference can be latitude and essay longitude, a street. Ancient Near East , Iraq , Mesolithic 1604 Words | 6 Pages. Buddhism began by Buddha himself preaching his enlightenment message on his view on the world and regents essay how humans should, and a good the best way to, . Regents - Thematic Essay. succeed in the world . Problems That Essay. However in the 6th century BCE the government had fallen and global - thematic on nationalism there was period of instability until the Sui Dynasty took over, during this period was when Buddhism began to majorly spread. After the fall of the Han dynasty, there were many responses to the spread of Buddhism throughout China between the 6th century BCE and 570 CE.

Buddhism. Buddhism , China , Confucianism 1014 Words | 3 Pages. Today in class we reviewed chapters 15 and 17 by the summary questions . We all got in-groups and worked together on these . questions . We discussed them and came to service 33626, some conclusions. Then Mr. Music passed out a worksheet called societal comparison sheet. We had to compare and contrast North America with Central and regents on nationalism South America. We did the political, social, economic, religious and geographic. 1) What were the ohio thesis, objectives and major accomplishments of the voyages of exploration undertaken by essay on nationalism Chinese. That Face Essay. Africa , Americas , Caribbean 459 Words | 2 Pages. ? AP WORLD HISTORY Introduction: This assignment will practice skills used in Document Based . Questions which are an important part of the AP World History course.

Read/analyze each document below. Answer the questions in the space provided. After doing this, use this information to write a DBQ essay based on global essay, the rubric provided below. You will be grade on perceived effort more than expertise. Do not copy or plagiarize someone else’s work.

If you have specific questions about the assignment. A Good Essay. Ancient Egypt , Ancient history , Ancient Near East 1046 Words | 3 Pages. the surrounding deserts. Global Regents - Thematic Essay On Nationalism. The Nile River ?ooded at appropriate times to allow grain to grow. The Egyptians had a positive outlook because the river was . dependable. This dependability also made the Egyptians view the writing 33626, universe as an orderly bene?cial world , andviewed the afterlife as orderly and optimistic as well. The Egyptian religion was focused on global - thematic essay, guaranteeing continuous ?ow from the ohio state university thesis, Nile and prosperity derived from the river and its ability to irrigate the land. The pharoh, the Egyptian ruler, was.

Ancient Egypt , Cairo , Civilization 1274 Words | 4 Pages. 2010 Ap English Language and Composition Free Response Question 1. and political thinker who lived during the Era of the Enlightenment. He is famous for his articulation of the theory of regents on nationalism, separation of powers, taken for . A Good. granted in modern discussions of global - thematic, government and implented in many constitutions throughout the university, world . He was largely responsible for the popularization of the terms feudalism and Byzantine Empire. He writes The Spirit of the Laws (1748), System of Ideas (1716), and Persian Letters (1721). Francois- Marie Arouet(21 November 1694-30 May 1778),better. Age of regents essay, Enlightenment , French Revolution , Immanuel Kant 921 Words | 3 Pages. AP World History Midterm Review History The study of past events and changes in the development, . transmission, and teenagers today essay transformation of cultural practices.

Earliest Farming Location Fertile crescent Swidden Agriculture a place temporarily cleared for regents - thematic essay on nationalism agriculture by cutting back and burning off previous growth Catal Huyuk early urban culture based on starter, sedentary agriculture Mesopotamia between the rivers; civilizations that arose between the on nationalism, Tigris-Euphrates river valleys Hyksos a member of. Achaemenid Empire , Ancient Greece , China 2044 Words | 7 Pages. Name: AP World History Document-Based Question (DBQ) DIRECTIONS: The following . question is based on the accompanying Documents 1-9. The documents have been edited for the purpose of this exercise. Chapter 4 Contents. This question is designed to global regents - thematic essay on nationalism, test your ability to work with and understand historical documents. Write an essay that ? has a relevant thesis and supports that thesis with evidence from the documents ? uses all of the documents ? analyzes the documents by essay starter grouping them in as many ways. Cold War , Eastern Bloc , Korean War 1885 Words | 7 Pages. Global - Thematic Essay. [email protected] 2014-2015 School Year Congratulations! You have been accepted into the Advanced Placement United States History . Course for essay of rain the 2014-2015 school year. With over 100 well qualified applicants, you made the cut of only 36 students.

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Impact of Alcohol, Tobacco And Drug Abuse on Youth. Alcohol, tobacco and other drugs are affect youth negatively. Global Regents - Thematic Essay On Nationalism? Youth especially student's e.g. secondary and tertiary students abuse alcohol, tobacco and other Drugs. Ohio State University And Dissertation? Drugs such as tobacco, cocaine and marijuana are the major drugs which students abuse or use. Youth may end up drinking alcohol and global regents, using drugs because of various situations or reasons e.g. youth especially school going drink alcohol, use tobacco and other drug as a result of that teenagers face essay peer pressure because they may want to feel grown up among their peers, some youth use drugs to relieve boredom and give themselves personal excitement, some use drugs to rebel and get violent without any fear of people or authority, some use drugs to experiment, some use drugs and drink alcohol because their parents also drink alcohol so they end up indulging in - thematic, the practise as well, social background may also influence youths to use drugs and to drink alcohol e.g. Ohio University? if they are many drug dealers and bottle stores around its easier for youths to indulge in the use of this drugs and lastly some youth may drink alcohol and abuse drugs to feel pleasure and escape the pressures of life or to alter their view of reality.

Youth who get into drugs may get it from global regents essay on nationalism, a friend's friend, who also got it from his friend's friend and so on this is to say that drugs are not of easy access because they are illegal. At the end of this long line of friends is a dealer who is making money out of destroying young people futures. The use of dissertation 4 contents alcohol, tobacco and other drugs has negative impacts amongst the students who abuse this substances e.g. excessive alcohol consumption and the abuse of drugs are dangerous because alcohol and - thematic on nationalism, drug abuse can affect health and where will i be in ten years, ability to function and think properly, almost every system in the body can be negatively affected by use of - thematic on nationalism drugs and drinking of alcohol. Alcohol can cause cancer, liver disease, heart attacks and teenagers today, brain damage, to mention a few. Alcohol, tobacco and regents essay on nationalism, other drug use does not only affect youth especially students' health wise it also affects their academic performance, it also affect them financially, psychologically, physically and ultimately students may suffer some legal consequences. Youth more so teens, who engage in sexual intercourse and drug abuse including abuse of alcohol and tobacco, are more likely than youth who abstain from such activities to become depressed, have suicidal thoughts and or even attempt suicide. HEALTH EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO AND DIFFERENT DRUG USE. The use of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs has detrimental effects on health of the youth which may turn out to be fatal. The type of of rain drugs which students commonly use are Stimulants (drugs that produce alertness, high energy, more awake and confident e.g. cocaine, amphetamines, caffeine) and Hallucinogens (give strange and intense visions called hallucinations) The scientific name for alcohol that people drink is ethyl alcohol or ethanol.

Beer, wine, and liquor all contain ethyl alcohol. Regents - Thematic? Other types of alcohol, like rubbing alcohol are poisonous if ingested. . Excess alcohol is the most common cause of preventable death. Alcohol is essay writing service highly toxic to almost every organ in the body but when alcohol is taken in allowed limits amounts it is detoxified by the liver and therefore does little or no harm to the body. Alcoholic drinks contain ethyl alcohol and it is metabolized in the body to regents essay acetaldehyde. Both ethanol and acetaldehyde interfere with normal functioning of organs in state thesis, the body including the heart and the liver and therefore if the liver and the heart get damaged disease occur which may eventually kill, teenagers maybe more prone to this effects in the youth as their organs are still developing thus toxic substances from alcohol damage their body organs. When people drink too much, with time they risk becoming addicted to alcohol. This is called alcoholism, or alcohol dependence. It's a disease, and it can happen at any age, Common signs include, loss of control not being able to stop or cut down drinking, not feeling well after heavy drinking (upset stomach, sweating, shakiness, or nervousness), neglecting activities giving up or cutting back on other activities. Binge drinking happens when someone drinks more than four (for women) or five (for men) alcoholic drinks in about two hours, with the intention to getting drunk.

Binge drinking is the most harmful type of global - thematic essay drinking. 4 Contents? It usually happens at teen or student parties. The dangers of regents smoking are so great, but because of it governments get a lot of tax money from tobacco and cigarettes manufacturers, they are less hesitant to state university ban it totally. Government and global - thematic, society is aware of the danger that is why they made it illegal for teens to possess and use cigarettes. Smoking of tobacco can cause many with many diseases like respiratory and heart disease including, respiratory infections, lung cancer as well as cancer of the larynx, pancreas, stomach, uterine cervix, bronchitis, emphysema and stillborn or premature children ().Smoking causes surges in the concentrations of catecholamine's (the stimulator chemical messengers of the autonomic nervous system) as well as increases in ohio state university and dissertation, carbon monoxide in global on nationalism, the blood. Both of these short- term effects can exacerbate existing heart disease, resulting, for instance, in attacks of angina (chest pain). Nicotine raises blood pressure and heart rate, requiring the heart to work harder.

It also constricts the coronary arteries, thereby lessening the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart muscle. It also promotes irregular heartbeats (cardiac arrhythmias). Smokers are not the where will years only people harmed by regents essay tobacco. Toxic fumes from essay writing service 33626, cigarettes pose a health threat to global regents essay all those around smoker's family, friends, and. Because the essay on advantages of rain organic material in regents - thematic essay, tobacco does not burn completely, smoke contains many toxic chemicals, including carbon monoxide, nicotine, and tar. As a result of this exposure, smokers' children have more colds and flu, and they are more likely to that teenagers today take up smoking themselves when they grow up. Smokers also affect other people as well e.g. passive smoking. This is the involuntary inhaling of global - thematic essay on nationalism smoke from state thesis and dissertation, other people cigarettes and we all suffer when we have people smoking around us. It is called second-hand smoking and it is known to be even more dangerous than smoking itself. Use of cocaine has increased among youth over the years, along with the global regents - thematic essay on nationalism myth that the ohio state university and dissertation drug is essay relatively safe, especially when it is where will i be in ten sniffed rather than injected or smoked as 'crack.' In fact, no matter how it is global used, cocaine can kill.

It can disturb the heart's rhythm and cause chest pain, heart attacks, and even sudden death. These effects on ohio thesis, the heart can cause death even in the absence of any seizures. Even in the absence of global - thematic essay on nationalism underlying heart disease, a single use of only a small amount of the drug has been known to be fatal. Cocaine use is not healthful for anyone, but especially for certain groups like the youth. Although the drug has been shown to impair the function of normal hearts, it seems even more likely to cause death in people with any underlying heart disease. When pregnant women use cocaine, they not only raise the dissertation chapter 4 contents likelihood of having a miscarriage, a premature delivery, or a low-birth-weight baby, but also of having a baby with a congenital heart abnormality, especially an atrial-septal or ventricular-septal defect. Use of cocaine raises blood pressure, constricts blood vessels, and speeds up heart rate. It may also make blood cells called platelets more likely to clump and form the blood clots that provoke many heart attacks. In addition, cocaine's effects on the nervous system disrupt the global regents - thematic normal rhythm of the where will heart, causing arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats). Recently, scientists have established that cocaine binds directly to heart muscle cells, slowing the passage of sodium ions into the cells.

Cocaine also causes the release of the neurotransmitter nor epinephrine (nor adrenaline), a chemical messenger that stimulates the autonomic nervous system. Both changes can lead to global regents - thematic on nationalism arrhythmias. Heart attacks in young people are rare. However, when they do occur, cocaine is frequently the cause. Cocaine is a highly addictive substance, and crack cocaine is essay starter substantially more addicting, as the drug is far more potent and global - thematic essay on nationalism, is smoked. Users quickly develop a tolerance to crack cocaine, needing more of the substance to achieve the desired effects. Because the high from crack cocaine is so short-lived, users commonly smoke it repeatedly in order to sustain the 4 contents high.

This can lead to an even faster onset of addiction. Also, because crack cocaine works on the brain's system of reward and punishment, withdrawal symptoms occur when the drug's effects wear off. These symptoms can include depression, irritability, and extreme fatigue, anxiety, an intense craving for the drug, and global, sometimes even psychosis. Users will often keep using crack cocaine simply to avoid the negative effects of withdrawal. Marijuana harms in essay writing service 33626, many ways, and kids are the most vulnerable to its damaging effects. Use of the regents essay drug can lead to ohio university thesis significant health, safety, social, and learning or behavioural problems, especially for young users. Making matters worse is the global regents - thematic essay fact that the marijuana available today is more potent than ever. State And Dissertation? Short term effects of marijuana use include memory loss, distorted perception, trouble with thinking and - thematic on nationalism, problem solving, and anxiety. Students who use marijuana may find it hard to learn, thus jeopardizing their ability to achieve their full potential. Problems Teenagers Today? Long term effects include reduced resistance to common illnesses (colds, bronchitis, etc.), suppression of the immune system, growth disorders, increase of abnormally structured cells in regents - thematic on nationalism, the body, reduction of male sex hormones, rapid destruction of lung fibre's and lesions (injuries) to the brain could be permanent, Study difficulties: reduced ability to learn and retain information, apathy, drowsiness, lack of problems that teenagers today motivation, personality and mood changes, inability to understand things clearly.

ACADEMIC EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO AND DIFFERENT DRUG USE. Heavy drinking by students can lead to regents - thematic essay on nationalism positive blood alcohol levels the next day, affecting whether or not they even get up for class and, if they do, the quality of how information is processed and a good essay, ultimately stored. Sleeping off a buzz, a common practice, can interfere with the sleep cycle, resulting in an increase in anxiety, jumpiness, and irritability the next day, and fatigue the day after that. With evening use, marijuana has the same impact on sleep that alcohol has, throwing off the sleep cycle and impacting how a person feels for at least two additional days. Marijuana suppresses neuronal activity in the hippocampus, resulting in problems with attention, memory, and concentration. Essay On Nationalism? There is increasing evidence that there is an impact to essay starter motivation following marijuana use. This could be due to the effect of THC in the body blocking the passage of nutrients through cells, the neuronal suppression in the hippocampus, or the decrease in global - thematic essay on nationalism, energy accompanying the fatigue that follows night time use. Essay Writing? Marijuana significantly increases heart rate, weakens the heart muscle, and affects blood pressure- the increase in heart rate can be a concern for someone already dealing with anxiety ( and particularly panic). College students often forget why they are supposed to be in - thematic on nationalism, school.

Is the purpose of university life to party all the time or to chapter get the most out of the learning environment? Substance abuse can seriously affect academic performance. Aside from long-term addiction (or possible emptying you bank account) it can cause grades to plummet. How? Substance use affects you entire body, including your brain, in regents essay on nationalism, a variety of ways.

Judgment is often the first attribute to be affected. You may find it difficult to problems teenagers face today essay make good decisions, to make them quickly or to be realistic when you make them. Suddenly, it becomes much easier to wait until the last minute to regents essay on nationalism cram for that exam or to i be years crank. First of all, drugs and alcohol are a drain on people's finances. We have all experienced the stress associated with money at regents - thematic on nationalism one time or another. For those who abuse drugs or alcohol, financial issues are further compounded by their need to feed their habit. They frequently accumulate debt, borrow or steal money from others, or choose their substance of teenagers essay choice over more important things like food for on nationalism, their family or utility bills.

While no one wants to be homeless, in debt, or engaging in criminal activities, the financial impact of drug and alcohol abuse risks not only your ability to support yourself, but it can also destroy relationships. When you abuse drugs or alcohol, you are choosing that substance over everything else, including your loved ones. Whether they are suffering from your financial choices or have become mistrustful of you, you have placed a strain on your relationships, which can ultimately ruin those connections for good. Families and others that rely on a sufferer of alcoholism are likely to experience problems related to financial troubles caused by drinking habits. Ohio Thesis? The costs of alcohol increase as the global - thematic alcoholic person builds tolerance to the drug in ohio university and dissertation, his or her system. This requires the person to take in ever-greater amounts of alcohol in order to feel the same effects. The psychological effects of global on nationalism this alcohol tolerance and dependency may cause the sufferer to that teenagers face today essay become withdrawn and less supportive of colleagues, friends and family members. Sufferers may no longer attend social functions that do not allow drinking and may not be fully aware of their behaviour if attending functions where their drug of choice is allowed. A lack of networking and communication with peers may cause further financial problems if the sufferer loses promotion opportunities. Greater drains on income and lessened opportunities may cause undue troubles for others financially dependent on global - thematic essay on nationalism, the sufferer, requiring a spouse or roommate to pick up extra hours or a second job to keep bills at a manageable level. SOCIAL EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO AND DIFFERENT DRUG USE.

Excessive alcohol use can affect all areas of a person's life, including family, work and personal relationships. Essay On Advantages And Disadvantages? Family problems: Arguments over someone's drinking can cause family and relationship problems that may lead to break up. Work problems: Drinking alcohol at work and hangovers can lead to poor performance and accidents at work, while illness can result in global essay, absenteeism. Legal problems: Drink-driving may lead to fines, loss of license and even imprisonment. Misbehaviour caused by alcohol can also have disastrous effects on a pupil's educational attainment, as well on performance in problems face today, tests of intellect in global, later life. Compared with those pupils who have never truanted, pupils who had ever truanted from school had increased odds of having drunk alcohol in will in ten years essay, the last week (odds ratios of global - thematic on nationalism 2.24 for those who had truanted in the last year, 1.69 who had truanted previously). 6.5% of permanent exclusions of children from English state-funded secondary schools in 2010/11 were due to alcohol. Women, especially young women, encounter special risks in groups of university thesis drinking friends and acquaintances. Global Essay? In many societies, a woman who drinks seems to signal that she is at least approachable, and to some men an intoxicated woman is by definition sexually available. Such concepts as 'acquaintance rape' and 'date rape' bear witness to on advantages and disadvantages of rain recent concern with this problem.

A large proportion of unwanted sexual advances are mediated by global essay alcohol. Initiation into certain groups, such as military units or college fraternities, sometimes includes drinking very large amounts of alcohol, so-called 'binge drinking'. This pattern of drinking entails high risks of accidental injury, violence and acute alcohol-poisoning. It has long been known that a heavy-drinking lifestyle in groups of friends is relatively common in the armed forces. More recently, the focus has been on such drinking patterns on dissertation, college and university campuses and what they mean for the development of problem drinking patterns later in life. A drug intervention is a structured, solution-oriented process undertaken to persuade someone who is abusing drugs to seek help in overcoming the addiction. Family, friends, and others involved in global regents essay on nationalism, the person's life use the intervention to demonstrate the extent of the effects of drinking and related behaviours. A successful intervention is writing not a confrontation but an opportunity for an addicted individual to accept help in taking the first step toward recovery. Often, an interventionist is invited to serve as a guide and educator before, during, and after the essay on nationalism intervention. Some drug addicts can and do recognize the extent of the problems stemming from drug abuse and seek treatment without the need for an intervention.

Most, however, are reluctant or unable to realize that drugs are responsible for the problems in their relationships, health, or work. They ignore the safety issues related to drinking and driving and other high-risk behaviours. It is common for addicts to deny that drugs are the source of the difficulties they face. They may instead blame other people or circumstances in their lives. When that happens, an intervention can break through the denial and help these individuals clearly see the effects of their drug abuse on starter, the people who matter most to them.

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