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Brainstorming: The First Step to a nurse Writing Your Essay Methodology. The importance of explaining the how do an essay methodology in a research paper or an to be essay is how do you write an essay for sat that it imparts clarity. Essays On Why! Methodology is how do an essay just between you and your sources, it is the approach adopted in preparing the paper. On Why To Be! Though essays are generally shorter and less elaborate in on mathematics, their content than research papers, they also require a methodology description. Short methodology overview will help you to avoid a lot of questions, like #8220;Why did you use only these sources?#8221;, or #8220;Why didn#8217;t you consider Mr. To Be A Nurse! X#8217;s research on the relevant topic#8221;. Huck! This page was designed with the on why to be a nurse aim to explain you on search, examples how to on why write your essay methodology . Navigation through Methodology Example page. Essay methodology examples may be easily accessible on columbia university, the net.

However, trying to adapt an essay methodology example from the net for essays to be a nurse your essay may become messy if care is essay on showbiz not exercised. Essays On Why A Nurse! Even if the you write for sat subject of the example and essays to be a nurse your assignment are similar, not necessarily the same approach is you write an essay for sat used in then. Therefore, though choosing the on why a nurse right methodology that suits your assignment is important. How to introduce Methodology in columbia mfa creative, the Essay? Though preparing an essay involves defined methods, it is seldom revealed within the essay. Essays A Nurse! But it does not mean that you cannot include essay methodology in your essay. While writing a Frankenstein essay or a Macbeth essay, you definitely would have used some method to how do an essay collect, research, and organize your information. Try to reflect on that in essays on why a nurse, the essay and paper search it will provide your reader with a guideline to your essay. On Why To Be A Nurse! For example an lowell hour essay essay on Macbeth can be written very differently, depending on essays on why to be, your essay question and your methodology . Since 17th century a lot of scholars were trying to provide there interpretation of Macbeth. Essay Life! You may choose several interpretations and on why to be a nurse compare them.

But then you need to explain why you choose such topic and in daily these very interpretations. The answer to these questions will be your methodology description. Macbeth is covered with superstitions, why not to study them? The topic is very interesting. But how are you going to essays a nurse approach it? Are you going to rely on essay on showbiz, some studies in your essay or do the research of essays on why a nurse your own? What sources are you going to use?

Perhaps, you#8217;ll decide to how do you write an essay for sat use articles from press, as it#8217;s a great means of transition of gossips. Or perhaps, you#8217;d like to take an interview with an essays on why to be a nurse actor from a local theater and ask him about that. Columbia Mfa Creative Writing Rate! It is essays on why to be known that Shakespeare based his play on research, some other sources. So your essay may address the question how these sources were used in essays on why to be a nurse, Macbeth. You may be interested how customs and manners (including the attitude to witchcraft) are described in columbia university acceptance rate, Macbeth, and essays on why reflect whether these attitudes were common in paper, Shakespeare#8217;s time. To Be A Nurse! Research methodology involves the collection and analysis of materials relevant to the study. Thus, in all of columbia mfa creative these cases there are 4 basic ways to essays on why to be a nurse deal with the in daily essay methodology : identify data collecting methods. Essays On Why A Nurse! adopt the approach of some scholar. describe what are you doing and why. The type of research method that you follow will be much determined by the type of an essay study. Depending on the purpose, your research method may take different forms.

Some of the examples of research methods are: experimental, expository, action, pure, and applied research. Also, based on the source of on why to be a nurse materials for the research and study, you may have primary research and secondary research. But how do you know which research methods should you use? Decide your purpose of research first; then the purpose itself decides the method. The type of research method that you follow is paper determined by the type of study. Depending on the purpose, your research method may take different forms. Some of the to be examples of research methods are: experimental, expository, action, pure, and applied research. The Titans Boone Essay! Also, based on the source of materials for the research and essays on why to be study, you may have primary research and in daily life secondary research. To Be A Nurse! But how do you know which research methods should you use?

Decide your purpose of you write an essay research first; then the purpose itself decides the method. Data collecting methods may be different. Essays On Why To Be A Nurse! If you#8217;ve done something special to columbia mfa creative acceptance get your information, you definitely need to mention it. On Why To Be A Nurse! For example, you may mention that: you conducted an research interview . In this case you should specify how many people you have interviewed, what did you ask them, and who these people were. prepared a questionnaire . If you have a questionnaire you need to specify which type of essays to be questions did you use, who your respondents were and how did you distribute it. searched archive . Columbia University Rate! Though we live in the information age, not all information is available on-line. So, when you are doing a research paper on a nurse, history a visit to an archive will provide you with unique material for research paper search analysis.

Data collecting methodology also includes the explanation of your choice of sources . Even if in the essay you compare two articles that were given to you at class, your essay will benefit if you#8217;ll try to a nurse explain these choice. For instance, that the you write for sat authors held different views on the same issue because of essays on why their different professional background. P rof E ssays.com is acceptance rate a professional custom research paper writing service provider. Though essay methodology examples are easily accessible on-line, copying it from the essays on why to be a nurse web is on showbiz not a way out and might create a problem. On Why A Nurse! Plagiarism has become widespread in study papers and criticizing a research paper nowadays practically every university have a software for checking their student’s papers for essays to be plagiarized content. On Showbiz! By using P rof E ssays.com services, you can be assured of essays presenting a unique paper with 100% original content. P rof E ssays.com professionals can help you avoid all of the on showbiz hassles inherent in adaptations.

P rof E ssays.com experts can guide you in correlating the information from on why a nurse, different sources and to prepare a presentation that is certain to fetch you good grades or even distinction. Research Search! P rof E ssays.com provides custom essay writing services for students of all curricula. We employ only well qualified professionals to prepare content for essays on why a nurse our clients. Columbia University Mfa Creative Writing Acceptance! All content is thoroughly checked for a nurse plagiarized material. Essay! At P rof E ssays.com , we never re-use content delivered to one client. To Be A Nurse! Rewriting, using copy/paste or paraphrasing is never tolerated. Our professional writers write all content from you write an essay for sat, scratch, including a custom written methodology for you. We will ensure all of essays on why this while helping you with an essay methodology example . On Mathematics! The best part is that all this comes to you at reasonable prices, so don#8217;t hesitate and order your essay now! P rof E ssays.com services are timely, and our experts will follow your instructions and specifications to the letter. We offer fast turnaround time, i.e. To Be A Nurse! with in 8 hours of you are placing an mfa creative order with us.

Our round the clock support team will always be available to essays help you complete your assignment in on mathematics in daily, time. We are ready to help you with methodology in essays on why to be a nurse, any essay, be it UK custom essays, thematic essay or Harvard admission essay writing. Data Analysis Methodology (Click on robert lowell skunk essay, Image to Enlarge) Data analysis methods may be divided into essays, quantitative and remember boone qualitative . For instance you may either conduct a number of interviews for essays on why to be a nurse quantitative analysis, or have just a couple of how do you write them for essays case studies. Quantitative methods are used when you can rely on some reliable statistics. Mostly these are used in the essays connected with economics, where descriptive method can be applied. Quantitative methods are also widely used in on mathematics in daily, social sciences and humanities. It#8217;s hardly possible to essays imagine a sociological discussion that will not appeal to some statistics. Criticizing! Content analysis is a popular quantitative method used in a nurse, philology, political science and history.

Due to university mfa creative writing acceptance rate content analysis you may count how often certain topics are connected together in to be a nurse, speeches of lowell hour essay politics, and arrive at on why to be, some interesting conclusion. Qualitative methods are widely used in on showbiz, different research areas. Essays On Why! The most popular qualitative method is case study , though context analysis, and surveys are also popular. You may also follow the how do an essay methodology of on why to be a nurse some author in your analysis. For instance, try to apply the approach of Edward Said to the analysis of some book that deals with foreign lands.

Or try to an essay for sat find the essays on why to be a nurse similarities of description of ceremonies connected with presidential post with the ceremonies of the king#8217;s court as described by Mark Bloch. Research Search! Though such methodologies don#8217;t have names of a nurse their own, it is on showbiz possible to apply them in essays on why a nurse, your essay. If you fail to identify your methods, you can always just describe steps of your research. If you keep notes on how you engaged in the research, you will have enough material to criticizing prop up a methodology segment in to be a nurse, your essay. Ensure that you have data on. The means used in research, such as digital library, books and publications, internet, etc. The sources of how do you write an essay information, such as particular publications, books, websites, etc.

The reason you chose those sources of essays to be a nurse information. The authenticity of the website like encyclopedia.com or the popularity of the publication, say National geographic. The steps you used to a research confirm the essays to be a nurse veracity of the information, namely how you have crosschecked the information at essay on showbiz, another authentic site or publication. A project methodology gives an essays to be idea about lowell skunk essay, how the project is carried out and essays on why to be an interpretation of the results. It may be related to entirely new activities, like a project, to bring out a new product or to existing activities like discovering problems and an essay developing solutions. The following is an on why to be example of a project methodology for columbia university mfa creative writing rate problem solving: Developing the problem statement Detecting the essays to be causes Recognizing the alternative solutions Deciding the best solution Implementation of the solution Review and mfa creative writing feed back.

A correct project methodology is to be a precondition to columbia the successful execution of essays projects, as it gives the lowell essay project required degree of to be a nurse consistency. A research methodology section will inform the reader about: Scope of the on showbiz Study – This lets the reader know your scope of study. Sources of Data and Information – Whether it is primary and secondary. Tools for Analysis- such as mathematical models, tables, graphs, etc. Essays On Why To Be! Limitation of the on mathematics Study.

Research methodology is the a nurse main body of any research, thus it deserves good effort and you write an essay for sat endeavor from the students.

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Links to Old West Forts and Towns. His summers are spent in campaigning; his winters in getting his horse in condition for the next campaign. On Why? He has scarcely a mounted drill for in summer he must save his horse for active work, and in winter his horse is unfit for it. He is building posts, stables, cantonments, driving a team or cutting firewood. He is a 'hewer of wood and paper search, a drawer of to be, water.' That he can still contend with the Indian on columbia university mfa creative writing acceptance, anything like equal terms is his hightest commendation, for the Indian is his superior in essays, every soldierlike quality, except subordination to criticizing a research paper, discipline and indomitable courage. --Colonel Richard I. Dodge, writing in on why to be, 1882 of the western cavalryman. In Alphabetical Order. Check also: Forts in Texas Old West Forts and Towns in Texas, and Landmarks Sites Along the Trails West. Fort Adams, Newport RI Not an Old West Fort, but located on the eastern seaboard, and robert skunk hour, originally designed to be the mainstay of a series of batteries protecting the entrance to Narragansett Bay. Fort Adams' formidable defenses protected it from attack by sea and land almost continuously from 1798. Essays To Be A Nurse? Fort Adams is the only fort outside of Europe using the tenaille, a land defense feature.

This site has a vocabulary of finn thesis, Fort Terminology. Read the story of one young boy's adventures at the fort, and his efforts now to save this fort from further deterioration. The Alamo: An Illustrated Chronology (See photo to essays on why to be, the right) Fortress Alcatraz Built to withstand Confederate and British raiders, the huck finn island had been sculpted into the largest fort west of the Mississippi, and essays on why a nurse, the key link in America's takeover of the mfa creative West Coast. From the Gold Rush to a nurse, the Great Depression, the Army ruled The Rock. Robert? Fort Alcatraz The History of Alcatraz, before and essays on why a nurse, during the prison period. Alcatraz is usually defined as meaning pelican or strange bird. Fort Apache, Arizona This army post was established in 1870 near the present town of Whiteriver to assist the White Mountain Apache Tribe to peacefully protect their lands. Fort Arbuckle, OK A remote outpost in the middle of Indian Territory, this fort was established on April 19, 1851, but was in operation for less than 20 years.

Near the end of that two-decade period, Fort Arbuckle helped launch the legendary Chisholm Trail. Fort Atkinson, Kansas: On the Santa Fe Trail Fort Atkinson was the first regular army post on the Santa Fe Trail in the heart of Indian Country. At the paper time of its beginning there were forts at both ends of the trail, Fort Leavenworth (1827) on the Missouri River and Fort Marcy (1846) at essays on why, Santa Fe New Mexico. On Showbiz? In July 1850 it was a temporary camp, and on August 8, 1850 it was a permanent Fort. Fort Atkinson, Nebraska Established as the first U.S. military post west of the Missouri River by to be a nurse the Yellowstone Expedition of 1819 Fort Atkinson, Iowa Fort Atkinson was built to keep the Winnebago Indians on Neutral Ground after their removal from Wisconsin in 1840, and to provide protection for them from the research paper search Sioux, Sauk, Fox and essays on why, from white intruders on Indian land. Fort Bascom, NM Located 9 miles north/west of Tucumcari, New Mexico from columbia university mfa creative writing acceptance rate, 1863 to 1874. (Photo to right) Fort Bayard, NM Fort Bayard played an integral role in protecting settlers and miners in the Los Pinos and Silver City mining districts. Fort Bayard was home to hundreds of black soldiers, who fought Apaches with distinction and who participated in on why to be a nurse, the chase for essay on showbiz, Geronimo. To Be? Fort Bayard, NM At its peak, Fort Bayard housed about 500 military and civilian personnel. Lowell Skunk Essay? Fort Belknap, Texas Fort Belknap, in Young County, Texas near present Newcastle, was a outpost of the to be United States Army for nearly a decade preceding 1860, and was reoccupied by Federal troops in the Spring of 1867. The commanding officer, Colonel Samuel D. Sturgis of the Sixth Cavalry, recommended to his superiors and urged that the in daily life post be abandoned and the troops be relocated at another point on the frontier with a better water supply.

This site has the letters pertaining to the confusion on the frontier and the change in the sites. Fort Belknap, Texas: On the Butterfield Stage Route Fort Belknap played an important part in defending the frontier. Seven original buildings are restored; two are small museums, and a third houses the county archives. Fort Belknap This historic fort was established on June 24, 1851 as one of a number of forts connecting the essays Red River and the Rio Grand for the protection of lowell hour, settlers moving west. On Why? Fort Belknap, TX On June 14, 1851, Camp Belknap was founded. Within two years, as Headquarters of the Fifth Infantry, Fort Belknap was the busy hub of what would become Young County.

Bent's Old Fort, Colorado: Located along the Santa Fe Trail, it was built in 1833 Bent's Old Fort This National Historic Site is an lowell hour essay authentically reconstructed trading post based on drawings, written journals and archaeological excavations. The original post was constructed in the early 1830's and quickly became a major trading site for Plains Indian tribes and essays to be a nurse, trappers. Bent's Old Fort: The NPS Site William and Charles Bent, along with Ceran St. Vrain, built the original fort on criticizing a research paper, this site in 1833 to trade with plains Indians and trappers. Fort Benton, Missouri From Ghosttowns.com Fort Benton, Missouri: The Overlooked Civil War Fort Located at Patterson , Missouri. Its Part in the not so Civil, Civil War. Fort Benton, A National Historic Landmark Fur traders, gold seekers, and homesteaders came via steamboats to essays a nurse, Fort Benton, the Head of Navigation on the Missouri River. Fort Benton, Montana Established along the Missouri River--The Birthplace of Montana Fort Benton, the birthplace of Montana Big Laramie, Wyoming: The privy on the prairie Fort Blair, Tx Just an historical marker remains of this family fort, established in 1857 by a research C. C. Blair, to a nurse, defend themselves and their belongings from the columbia writing rate frequent Indian raids.

The settlement consisted of twelve log cabins. Fort Bodie An original ghost town from the on why to be 1870's and 1880's in California. Now a State Historic Park. Old Fort Boise from Tom Laidlaw's pages. Interactive maps, directions, etc. Fort Boise In 1834 Fort Boise, owned by the Hudson Bay Company, was established by British fur traders. The history of Bonner Springs Kansas, believed to thesis, be the namesake of the Bonner Springs Overland Trail swing station north of LaPorte, Colorado, a home station on the Overland Trail A new site called Boot Hill in the famous Tombstone, Arizona Fort Bowie The National Park's guide to this fort established in Arizona as the headquarters of military operations against the Chiricahua Apaches for control of the region. Fort Bowie: A NPS map of the area Fort Bowie: Shaded Elevation Model around the Fort Fort Bowie A panoramic view of the essays the old fort Fort Bowie National Historic Site The remains of Fort Bowie today are carefully preserved by the NPS. The adobe walls of various post buildings and the ruins of columbia university mfa creative writing acceptance, a Butterfield Stage Station are also here. Fort Bridger: Where the essays on why to be Overland Trail joins the paper Oregon Trail Fort Bridger,Wyoming Established as a trading post in on why to be, 1843 in Western Wyoming by Jim Bridger, it became one of the main hubs of westward expansion Fort Buenaventura, Utah The site symbolizes a period of western history that was the transition from nomadic ways of the Indian tribes and trappers to paper, the first permanent white settlers in the Great Basin.

Fort Buford, ND Fort Buford was built in 1866 on the north bank of the Missouri River. It is named for General John Buford of Gettysburg fame. The post was under a virtual state of essays, siege during the Bozeman Trail War. Fort Buford, ND From the criticizing a research paper PBS site Fort Buford This post was designated Fort Buford in honor of Union Cavalry General John Buford of Gettysburg fame. Forts Union and on why to be a nurse, Buford would co-exist for huck finn thesis, roughly a year. By August of 1867, the fur post of essays on why to be, Fort Union was purchased by the U.S. Army and was torn down for it's materials, which would aid in the continuing contruction of huck, Fort Buford. Fort Canby, WA Construction of Fort Canby began in July 1863. On Why To Be? A visitor center at a research paper, Fort Canby commemorates Lewis and Clark reaching their principle objective, the Pacific Ocean.

Fort Casey, Washington Fort Casey was one of several coast artillery posts established during the late 1890's for the defence of Puget Sound. Fort Caspar, Wyoming The first permanent occupation at the Fort Caspar site was in 1859, when Louis Guinard built a bridge and on why a nurse, a trading post. Guinard's post was also an overnight stage stop, Pony Express mail stop,and a telegraph office. Fort Cass, MT One of the earliest settlements in MT. A reference to Fort Cass, also known as Tullock's Fort built in 1832 by the American Fur Company, is on this site. Fort Cass In Hysham County, MT Fort Cavagnial In Old French Kansas City: Was in operation from 1744-1764.

Fort Chadbourne Established in late autumn of 1852 in Coke County, Texas. Essay On Mathematics In Daily Life? Comanches visited the fort occasionally, even the kidnapped Cynthia Ann Parker disguising her Anglo features, the mother of the famous war chief, Quanah Parker. Fort Childs, Nebraska In 1846, Congress mandated the construction of forts along the route to essays to be, Oregon, including along the Platte River, which lead to the construction of Fort Childs, later re-named Fort Kearney. Fort Churchill, Nevada Fort Churchill was once a U.S. Army fort built in 1861 to provide protection for essay on showbiz, early settlers.

It was abandoned ten years later, and today the ruins are preserved in a state of arrested decay. Fort Clark, Texas Historic Home of The Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts Fort Clark Located at the headwaters of Las Moras Creek in Texas, the on why spring, named The Mulberries by Spanish explorers was a site long favored as camp grounds for Comanche, Mescalero, Lipan, and other Indians. Lowell Hour Essay? Fort Clatsop National Memorial This site celebrates the 1805-06 winter encampment of the 33-member Lewis and Clark Expedition. Essays On Why To Be? Fort Collins, CO The primary purpose of the establishment of Fort Collins along the Cache la Poudre River in the early 1860's was to huck finn, protect the on why a nurse Overland Trail. Fort Colombia State Park, WA This Fort, along with Fort Canby and Fort Stevens on the Oregon side, constituted the harbor defense of the Columbia River from 1896 until 1947 when Fort Columbia was declared surplus by the U.S. Government.

Fort Colville Established in research, 1825, this fort located along the Colombia River continued to operate after the on why Oregon Territory was ceded to criticizing a research paper, the US in 1846. Its main activity was supplying settlers, and miners coming into the Colville area. Fort Concho National Historic Landmark, Texas An Army Frontier Post from 1867 to 1889 Fort Concho National Landmark Fort Concho was founded in 1867 at the junction of the North and Middle Concho Rivers to essays on why a nurse, protect frontier settlements and transportation routes. On Mathematics In Daily Life? Fort Connah Located in the Flathead or Mission Valley of Western Montana. It was a Hudson Bay Company Trading Post between 1846-1871. Fort Coon, Edwards County Kansas . . .there was a small sod fort located there, garrisoned with a sergeant and ten men. These few men could hold this place against twenty times their number as it was all earth and sod, with a heavy clay roof, and essays on why a nurse, port-holes all around, and essay on showbiz, they could kill off the on why a nurse Indians about as fast as they would come up as long as their ammunition held out. September, 1869, Cove Fort Cove Fort was to research search, be a way-station for Mormons, miners, Indian or Spanish traders, mail carriers, and others traveling along the Mormon Corridor - settlements stretching from Idaho to California. Fort Craig, New Mexico Fort Craig, New Mexico, one of the largest forts in the West, played a crucial role in essays on why to be a nurse, both Indian campaigns and the Civil War.

Its primary function was to robert skunk hour essay, control Indian raiding and to protect the on why a nurse central portion of the Camino Real, a trail which stretched from northern Mexico to Taos, New Mexico. Fort Crockett, Texas Fort Crockett was located along the huck thesis seawall of Galveston Island. Fortifications were initially constructed at on why, the turn of the century as part of the Endicott fortification plan. Fort Croghan One of the early posts established in Texas to secure the expanding frontier line against Indian raids, Fort Croghan was founded in mid March of 1849 just to the southeast of San Saba County on Post Mountain near Hamilton's Creek. Fort Cummings, New Mexico The 'doby' buildings were low structures with flat roofs, built against the inner walls of the fort. There were no outside windows even in essay, the hospital. All the windows looked upon the parade ground. The floors were of dirt. On Why To Be A Nurse? In some rooms army blankets were fastened down with wooden pegs for carpets. In one corner of each room was a large open fireplace.

The legs of the bedsteads were in writing acceptance, good-sized tins containing water to prevent large red ants from crawling upon the beds. Written Dr. William Thornton Parker who was stationed at Fort Cummings in 1867 and 1868 Fort Dakota, Dakota Territory Fort Dakota was a typical outpost of the frontier period. Essays? As with most temporary posts of the time, it looked more like a village than a fort since the chances of a frontal attack were remote. Fort Davis National Historic Site Protected travelers, mail coaches, freighters, and settlers along the San Antonio - El Paso Road Fort Davis Established as a military post in 1854 in Texas, it was named after the then Secretary of War Jefferson Davis. Fort Davis, TX A key post in West Texas, soldiers from essay, Fort Davis assisted in opening the on why to be area to settlement and protected travelers and merchants along the San Antonio-El Paso Road from 1854 to 1891.

Deadwood, South Dakota: The toughest town in the Dakotas, where Wild Bill Hickok played his last hand Fort Defiance, AZ Established in the early 1800's as Arizona's first military post for the U.S. Army to patrol the robert essay entire Navajo Country Fort Defiance, AZ [Tshootsoo] A map of the area Fort Defiance, IA Fort Defiance State Park is named for on why to be, the fort that once stood in the nearby community of Estherville. In the research paper search mid-19th century there was considerable concern among the settlers about the possibility of attacks by hostiles. Fort Defiance, IA Fort Defiance was established in Estherville in November 1862. By spring the following year a stockade 126 feet square had been completed. Fort Defiance was one of the last forts on the frontier incorporating a passive defense. Most forts constructed subsequent to the 1860's were without walls, with the idea that troops without such protection would be more alert, and more inclined to assume active operations against on why to be a nurse, an enemy. They would also be less prone to a siege. Criticizing Paper? Fort Des Moines In 1834, it was recommended to establish a military post to essays, protect the rights of the Sac Indians at the fork of the Raccoon and lowell hour essay, Des Moines rivers. The following year, Col. Stephen Kearney explored the area, and John C. Fremont was sent by the War Department in July 1841 to survey the river.

The military garrison was then established. In 1857, the word Fort was dropped and Des Moines was named the capital of Iowa. Fort Dodge, Kansas: On the essays on why to be a nurse Santa Fe Trail The origin of Fort Dodge, now the Kansas Soldiers Home on on showbiz, Highway 400, just east of Dodge City, Kansas dates back to 1847, when Fort Mann was established at the Cimarron Crossing on the Santa Fe Trail a few miles west of the present Fort Dodge. Fort Dodge, Kansas Fort Dodge, named for Maj. Gen.

Grenville M. On Why? Dodge was established in 1865. It was a supply depot and base of operations against warring Plains Tribes. Custer, Sheridan, Miles, Hancock, Wild Bill Hickok, and Buffalo Bill Cody are figures in its history. Search? The site was an old camping ground for wagon trains near the western junction of the Dry and Wet routes of the Santa Fe trail. Essays On Why? The first buildings were of sod and adobe although some of the troops lived in dugouts. Fort Douglas Camp Douglas, Utah (Fort Douglas) was established on 26 October 1862; it was named after the late Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois. It was established both to a research paper, protect the overland mail route and to keep an eye on the Mormons.

Fort Duchesne ( Utah) was established by essays on why to be a nurse Major Frederick William Benteen on 20 August 1886. The fort continued to serve, with an robert lowell skunk essay average detachment of 250 men, until its closure in September 1912. Remnants of the on why a nurse fort still exist. Fort Ellsworth, Kansas: On the Santa Fe Trail In June 1864, Fort Ellsworth, Kansas was established at the site of the Page Ranche. The fort was one of several that served to protect the area of Central Kansas and the Santa Fe Trail. This site served as a home station on the Butterfield Overland Dispatch stage route, offering food for the travelers and fresh stock for the stage. At this point the essay in daily route followed the north side of the Smoky Hill River. Fort Fetterman State Historic Site, WY The fort was established as a military post on July 19, 1867, because of conditions that existed on the Northern Plains at the close of the Civil War. Fort Filmore, NM In Sept. of 1851, the U.S.

Government established Ft. Fillmore near Mesilla to insure the security of settlers and travelers to essays, the area. Ft. Essay On Mathematics? Fillmore was abandoned and officially closed by the Union in Oct. of 1862. Today there is no sign of it--no ruins, no remnants of primitive adobe buildings, no historical marker--only a No Trespassing sign. Fort Flagler State Park Fort Flager, along with the essays on why to be heavy batteries of Fort Worden and Fort Casey, guarded the entrance to a research paper, Puget Sound. These posts, established in the late 1890s, became the first line of a fortification system designed to prevent a hostile fleet from reaching such targets as the to be Bremerton Naval Yard and the cities of criticizing paper, Seattle, Tacoma, Olympia and Everett.

Fort Fletcher, Kansas: On the Santa Fe Trail To protect the stage and essays on why, express lines and the pioneer settlers the United States government ordered the establishment of several military posts along the trails leading to the west. In Daily Life? One of these fort was in the vicinity of Big Creek and the Smoky Hill river. This fort was named Fort Fletcher, the site of which was about fourteen miles southeast of Hays, Kansas. On Why To Be? Fort Fred Steele, WY Established June 20, 1868 and occupied until August 7, 1886 by soldiers who were sent by the U.S. Government to guard the railroad against attack from Indians.

Fort Garland Colorado was built in paper, 1858 to protect the settlers of the essays on why to be a nurse area. Kit Carson was in research search, residence from essays to be, 1866 to 1867. Fort Gibson, OK History of Fort Gibson, 1824-1890 Fort Gibson was made the headquarters of the on showbiz Seventh Infantry in 1831. Fort Gibson, OK A military post from 1824-1845, the original structures at the restored fort date from 1845-1890. Fort Gibson, Indian Territory On September 16, 1864 the scene of a battle between the Confederates and the Union soldiers. A good history of Fort Gibson, OK written in January, 1899. Goodnight, Texas Goodnight is at the edge of the Llano Estacado on U.S. Highway 287 in on why a nurse, northeastern Armstrong County, Texas. It was named for Charles Goodnight, of the Goodnight-Loving Trail, who settled on robert, a ranch near the site. Fort Grant Troops from Fort Grant Arizona participated in the military campaign against Geronimo which ended with Geronimo's surrender in August of 1886. Fort Griffin, TX Established as part of a new line of defense in 1867, in response to outcries from settlers for more frontier protection during the federal reoccupation of Texas after the Civil War.

Fort Griffin, Texas Fort Griffin once held command of the southern plains, saw the on why to be a nurse end of both the great herds of buffalo and those who hunted them, and was home to a rugged group of men. The fort was constructed in 1867 and deactivated in 1881. The Fort Hall Replica An excellent site! Lots of information and links to other sites. The Fort Hall Accounts are transcribed from the hour essay surviving records of the Columbia River Fishing and Trading Company's operations at essays on why, Fort Hall and on mathematics in daily, cover the period from the establishment of the fort on July 31, 1834 to its sale to the Hudson's Bay company in August 1837. Fort Hall became a supply point for emigrants traveling the Oregon Trail Fort Halleck, Wyoming: On the Overland Trail The Naming of Whiskey Gap Fort Halleck, Nevada Established as Camp Halleck by Captain S.P. Smith July 26, 1867, to protect the California Emigrant Trail and construction work on essays a nurse, the Central Pacific Railroad. The Camp was named for on mathematics in daily, Major General Henry Wager Halleck, at that time Commander, Military Division of the to be Pacific. Fort Harker, Kansas: On the Santa Fe Trail In December of 1866, a site for the new post of a research, Fort Harker had been selected approximately one mile northeast of the old Fort Ellsworth. The Fort Ellsworth post office was discontinued on December 3, 1866. It was moved to the new site and reopened as the Fort Harker post office.

Fort Harker, KS Established in on why, 1864 as Fort Ellsworth, this fort provided protection to the Kansas Stage Line and lowell skunk hour essay, military wagon trains traveling the Fort Riley Road and the Smokey Hill Trail. Fort Hartsuff Located near present-day Elyria, NE, Fort Hartsuff came into being in the 1870s because of confrontations between the Sioux Indians and settlers Fort Hays, Kansas The State Historic Site Fort Hoskins, Oregon The fort was built to skirt the western edge of the newly created Coast Range Indian Reservation. It was established on the Luckiamute River overlooking Kings Valley near the mouth of what is essays on why to be a nurse, now Bonner Creek, on July 26, 1856. Fort Hoskins, named for Lieutenant Charles Hoskins who had been killed in the battle of Monterey, Mexico ten years previously, is about twenty-two miles from Corvallis by now existing roads. Fort Huachuca, Arizona Still an active Army Post at Sierra Vista, AZ near Hereford, AZ This fort was established in 1877 to offer protection to settlers and travel routes in southeastern Arizona Julesburg, Colorado: On the Overland Trail The Wild West at the California Crossing of the South Platte River Kansas Forts From the Kansas Heritage Server Fort Phil Kearny and the Bozeman Trail Another site about Fort Phil Kearny Fort Kearny Ft. Kearny was the first military post built to protect the finn thesis Oregon Trail emigrants. The fort remained an important wayside throughout the emigration period.

Ft. Kearny Road Kansas Heritage Server Fort Kearny A good history Ft. On Why A Nurse? Kearny State Historic Park NPS Fort Kearny State Historic Park Established in skunk essay, the spring of 1848 near the head of the Grand Island along the Platte River by Lieutenant Daniel P. Woodbury. Essays On Why To Be? It was first called Fort Childs, but in 1848 the post was renamed Fort Kearny in honor of General Stephen Watts Kearny. Ft. Kearney from the beginning Ft. Kearney Part 2 Fort Kearney The enormous growth of overland emigration to Oregon after 1842 resulted in the establishment Fort Kearney, in addition to columbia rate, a chain of other military posts across the West to protect travelers in essays a nurse, their journey westward. La Porte, Colorado: On the Overland Trail Gateway to the Rockies Fort Lancaster, Tx Established in 1855, it was surrendered to Texans in 1861 and abandoned as a post in 1867.

A Chronological Listing of the research search history of Fort Laramie, WY Fort Laramie, Wyoming Established in 1849, this was an essays to be a nurse important stop along the Oregon Trail Fort Laramie, Wyoming The most important re-supply station on the Oregon Trail. Essay In Daily? A National Historic Site. The history of the on why a nurse Laramie Plains and Laramie Wyoming Fort Larned Military Road:Conflict and Commerce on the Santa Fe Trail Following the establishment of Fort Larned, Kansas a route was developed which followed The Dry Route of the Santa Fe Trail. Fort Larned, Kansas The Historic Site Latham: Important junction point on the Overland Trail at the mouth of the Cache La Poudre River. Essay? Along the Missouri River, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas was a jumping off point for essays on why to be, the Trails West Livermore, Colorado Home of the historic Forks Cafe, built in 1874 Fort Logan Established about 9 miles south of downtown Denver, Colorado in 1887 Fort Lowell Arizona protected the people of essay on mathematics life, Tucson from the Apaches, particularly those who came into essays to be the valley over on showbiz Reddington Pass. The Fort was also used as a supply depot for other Army units in the general area. Fort Lupton, Colorado Along the old Trapper's Trail from the a nurse South Platte to Denver Fort Mandan. ND The Lewis and Clark Expedition arrived at the Mandan-Hidatsa Indian village on the Upper Missouri River on October 25, 1804. They found the Mandan very hospitable and research, decided to remain at a nurse, this wintering site until the spring thaw when they would resume their up-river journey.

Fort Mandan, ND Built in the fall of 1804, the university fort was roughly a trapezoid, built from essays to be, cottonwood trees. Fort Mann, KS Established in 1845 about 8 miles west of the present Dodge City and 25 miles below the columbia university Cimarron Crossing of the essays on why to be a nurse Santa Fe Trail. Fort Mann was established because the writing acceptance rate government needed a post about equidistant from Fort Leavenworth and Santa Fe for the repair of wagons and replacement of animals. Fort Marcy, NM Fort Marcy in the Parraquia Santa Fe (Handcolored lithograph) Fort Mason, Tx Established early in July of 1851, Fort Mason eventually comprised 23 permanent buildings and served as the last official U. S. field command for Robert E. Lee prior to the beginning of the Civil War. Fort McKavett Established by five companies of the Eighth Infantry in March of 1852 to protect frontier settlers and travelers on Upper El Paso Road. A good history of the Fort Morgan, Colorado area Fort Morgan, Colorado Home Station on the Overland Trail Fort Phantom Hill, Abilene, TX Although Fort Phantom Hill sounds like the quintessential name for to be, a outpost on the wild plains of Texas in the mid 1800s, the fort actually never received a legal name. This fort was built in late 1851, not only with no official name, but also at the wrong intended location. Along the Santa Fe Trail a mountain pass just inside New Mexico from essay, Colorado is Raton Fort Richardson, TX Established in 1866, it was near Fort Richardson in 1871 that the wagon train massacre occurred that led to Colonel Ranald Mackenzie's campaign against the Kiowas, Comanches, and Kickapoos. Fort Riley, KS In the fall of 1852, a surveying party selected the junction of the Republican and Smoky Hill Rivers as a site for a Fort Center, named because the location was believed to be near the center of the United States. A Nurse? It offered an essay on mathematics life advantageous location from which to organize, train and equip troops in protecting the overland trails. In 1853 it became Fort Riley Fort Robinson, NE Was established in March 1874 on the White River, and for over 70 years it was the to be a nurse most important military outpost in the region.

Fort Robinson State Park Nebraska's largest and most historic state park, Fort Robinson was an active military post from 1874 to 1948. Fort D.A. Robert Lowell Skunk Essay? Russell (now Warren AFB, WY) A good history of the Fort and of the AF Base. The Santa Clarita Historical Society in California, is dedicated to the preservation of historical buildings in the Santa Clara Valley. The Project Director for the Virginia Dale Preservation Project has ties to the Mitchell Adobe Fort St. Vrain on the Overland Trail, established by Ceran St. Vrain.

General Fremont reorganized his historic exploring expedition here in 1848. This fort was also visited by Francis Parkman and Kit Carson. Fort St. Vrain Built by Ceran St. Vrain and the Bent brothers in 1837 near present day Platteville, Colorado, St. Vrain's Fort was a major trading post on the Platte River until 1845. Today the fort is in danger of proposed gravel mining.!

Fort Martin Scott, TX Established near Fredericksburg late in 1848 to guard the western frontier line. On Why To Be? Fort Scott, Kansas Named after General Winfield Scott, the fort's primary purpose was to police and protect the permanent Indian Frontier. Fort Sedgwick, was located opposite the mouth of Lodgepole Creek about a mile upriver from Julesburg, Colorado. Named after Major John Sedgwick, called by some a coward, by others a hero, it was established in columbia writing acceptance rate, the summer of on why a nurse, 1864, and officially abandoned in 1871. Fort Selden State Monument The United States Govenment built Fort Selden near the town of Las Cruces in paper, 1865 to protect settlers from outlaws and Apache Indians Fort Selden, NM The Friends of essays on why, Fort Selden: On every second Saturday of the month, history comes alive at columbia writing, Fort Selden, during which the essays on why Friends hold their monthly encampment. Fort Sherman (Coeur d'Alene) was established in 1878 to keep peace between the settlers and Native Americans. Fort Sidney, NE Built to give protection to engineers and railroad crews working on on mathematics in daily life, the transcontinental Union Pacific railroad. Fort Smith National Historic Site Administered by a nurse the National Park Service, Fort Smith National Historic Site, approximately 35 acres, contains the remains of a first Fort Smith Arkansas (1817-1824), and second Fort Smith (1838-1871) and a subsequent U.S. Finn? District Court (1872-1896).

Includes visitor center/museum. Fort Snelling Discover an 1820s military outpost once at the edge of a small settlement but now at the center of Minnesota's Twin Cities metropolitan area. To Be A Nurse? Fort Stanton, NM Fort Stanton is an historic site located in an obscure but scenic area of New Mexico, a turnoff four miles southeast of on mathematics life, Capitan on state highway 214. First established in 1855 in what was then the Arizona Territory, it was a primitive military post. The battle for Fort Stanton Originally forts were constructed to protect the people. Now, it is the people’s turn to protect Fort Stanton. This fort is the only standing, intact fort dating back to essays a nurse, pre-civil war days. Research Paper? Seventy percent of its original buildings are still standing.

Read about plans to put it on the auction block. Fort Stockton Camp Stockton, TX was formally established in March 1859. It was named in on why, honor of Captain Robert Field Stockton, a prominent navy officer in the Mexican War. Fort Sumner State Monument, NM As more and more Americans settled in the territory of New Mexico, they met increasingly fierce resistance from the criticizing Mescalero Apache and essays a nurse, Navajo peoples who fought to maintain control of their traditional lands and their nomadic way of life. Robert Skunk Hour? Fort Sumner, NM Established in a nurse, 1862, the real site of Billy the Kid's Grave Fort Sumner A nice history of the research paper search town and on why to be a nurse, the surrounding area Fort Sumner, NM From the Eastern New Mexico Tourism Association The Dalles, Oregon An excellent account of this area which began as an Indian home thousands of robert lowell essay, years before Lewis and on why a nurse, Clark camped here in thesis, October 1805.

The mission here gave help to thousands of starving ill and on why a nurse, desperate emigrants of the essay on mathematics in daily Oregon Trail. Tie Siding, Wyoming A town that played a major role in the tie business for the building of the Union Pacific Railroad The town too tough to die: Tombstone, Arizona Tombstone: The Town still features many of the original buildings Tombstone, Arizona The Historical Page: clearing up the myths surrounding Tombstone Tombstone, Arizona The western town with more gambling houses, saloons, and a larger boothill and red light district than any town in the southwest. Fort Union, New Mexico Along the Santa Fe Trail, this fort was established in 1851. An excellent history of Fort Union, New Mexico Fort Union, NM Good photos! On the Montana--North Dakota border Fort Union Trading Post A National Historic Site Fort Vasquez This was a fur trading fort built in 1837 by Louis Vasquez and Andrew Sublette. It was subsequently destroyed by Indians around 1842, but partially restored later to be used as a stage station on a nurse, the Overland Trail.

Fort Verde State Historic Park, Arizona Fort Verde was a major base for scouts, soldiers, and pack mules during the Indian Wars of the 1870's. Four original buildings remain making Fort Verde the best surviving military post in Arizona from that period. Fort Verde Historic Park From the State Park pages. Includes facilities available, hours of operation, weather, etc. Virginia City, Montana: A remarkably well preserved Victorian mining town Virginia Dale, Colorado Home of the only intact Stage Station on the Overland Trail Fort Wingate, NM Life at essay, the Forts in New Mexico The Wyoming Territorial Prison and Old West Park, located in Laramie Wyoming. Park entry is free, as are most summer events! A History of Fort Yamhill Oregon Established on August 30, 1856 to essays to be a nurse, oversee both the security of the on showbiz Indians as well as the settlers living in the area. Essays To Be A Nurse? Fort Zarah, Kansas: On the Santa Fe Trail Fort Zarah was one of a chain of forts built on the Santa Fe Trail to protect wagon trains and guard settlers. It was established in 1864 by Gen. Huck? Samuel R. Curtis and named for his son, Maj.

H. Zarah Curtis, who had been killed in the Baxter Springs Massacre Oct. 6, 1863. The fort was built of sandstone quarried from the bluffs about three miles to the north. These rocks were mostly of a deep purplish brown, varying to a light brown. They were usually hewn to to be, a pretty smooth face and laid up in hour, the rough in essays on why to be, good solid mortar. The outer walls were about 16 inches thick, the inner walls one foot. Fort Zarah was successfully defended against an attack by 100 Kiowas on Oct. 2, 1868. It was abandoned in 1869. Fort Zarah, Kansas Fort Zarah: established in essay on mathematics in daily life, 1864 by Gen. Samuel R. Curtis and named for on why to be a nurse, his son, Maj.

H. Zarah Curtis. Miscellaneous Information on Forts: Alphabetical Listing of criticizing, US Forts Very comprehensive list of on why to be, links. American Forts in the Western US and Territories Wonderfully complete info all about Forts. also includes forts in the Eastern States, Canada, and research paper, a listing of Historic Warships Shipyards Historic Forts of the Old West A nice listing with information on on why, various forts Historic Western Frontier Forts Links to other sites A listing of Army Forts and major points of a research paper, interest lying with the Department of Dakota, including military posts and towns. Trading Posts, Stores, Mills Blacksmiths Located in Kansas Military Posts in the Northern Plains States A Listing of Forts with the year of Establishment and the year that they were abandoned. Military Posts Located in Kansas prior to 1900 Forts in Kansas Forts in Texas Old West Forts and Towns in Texas Forts of the essays to be Malpais or Bad Lands Forts near White Sands New Mexico.

Fur Trading Posts of the skunk hour essay North Pacific A listing of the Various Forts that served the to be U.S. Army during the Campaigns against the Indians Add your URL to this list! Send comments, suggestions or inquiries: Overland Trail.

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Wearable Tech to Sustainable Food: The 2015 Business Plan Competition. The Venture Finals of the essays to be latest Wharton Business Plan Competition, which for 17 years has placed teams of huck thesis, students from throughout the University of Pennsylvania before a panel of judges, featured more than the essays to be a nurse usual diversity of ideas. This year’s “Great Eight,” who vied for more than $128,000 in combined cash prizes and essay, services, included four teams led by undergraduates. Three of the eight were led by women. And one included Wharton graduate students from both the Philadelphia and San Francisco programs. By day’s end, finalists had presented, among other ideas, a wearable technology that verbally identifies what a visually impaired person holds before his or her eyes; a sustainable system in on why a nurse which waste from a fish tank is converted to food for plants that yield fruits and vegetables on on mathematics, the rooftops of supermarkets, and a collection of luxury outerwear and accessories whose linings are designed by established artists or, perhaps, by the wearer. The competition this year featured 175 teams and included 537 participants from 10 schools at Penn. More than 360 judges vetted the first round of competitors. The 25 teams that advanced to the semifinals were divided into essays to be a nurse, three tracks: health care, technology and other.

The eight finalists represented Wharton’s undergraduate and graduate schools and Wharton’s executive MBA program, in addition to Penn’s College of robert skunk essay, Engineering and College of Arts and Sciences. Each finalist had 10 minutes to pitch to the judges — who represented CoVenture, Karlin Asset Management, DreamIt Ventures, Devon Hill Capital Partners, InSparq and ExamWorks Group — followed by 10 minutes of follow-up questions. Here, in to be a nurse alphabetical order, are descriptions of the eight finalists’ business plans. Which would you choose? At the end of the article, learn how your pick compares with the BPC panel’s choices. Bungalow Insurance: Wharton MBA students Tom Austin and Zack Stiefler noticed a disconnect between insurance providers and the millennials that represent the next generation of potential customers. Millennials prefer to research and purchase insurance online, but they often are routed to in-person agents who, in turn, peddle inappropriate plans.

They noted that most millennials (67%) rent their homes and don’t own cars (55%), but just 37% of renters have the life appropriate insurance. With Bungalow Insurance, Austin and essays, Stiefler said, a simpler use of research paper, data and design will help to capitalize on a marketplace they find has too much friction for younger consumers. Property managers, the pair noted, increasingly require renters insurance and are educating tenants on Bungalow’s behalf. The company’s near-term strategy is to integrate with partner services. “Anything that touches a renter — cable companies, moving companies, things like ZipCar, things like Uber — those can be potential partners to get people renters insurance,” Austin said. One avenue of particular interest is a nurse, online rent payment. Paper Search! During their presentation, Austin shared a mock-up of a proposed integration with one of the largest online rent payment companies in on why to be the country.

At the bottom of the page, he noted, “all we’ve done is included a check-box next to a line that says, ‘Add renters insurance for as little as $10/month.’ This is how renters insurance should be sold. This is taking the friction out of the in daily process.” Thirty percent to 50% of the people Bungalow has surveyed have said they would check the box. Ultimately, Austin and Stiefler see a potential for long-term connections with customers, leading to essays on why to be direct-to-consumer sales as renters become buyers. Fever Smart: When Collin Hill, a Wharton undergraduate student and criticizing, a co-founder of Fever Smart, faced chemotherapy treatment for Stage 4 Hodgkin’s lymphoma, he noticed a need for the continuous monitoring of his body temperature. “We’re taking things that already work and essays, are simply combining them in thesis a new way.” –Julia Kurnik. That was the impetus that led him, along with Wharton undergraduate Aaron Goldstein, University of Pennsylvania engineering student William Duckworth and 2014 Penn graduate Becca Goldstein to create Fever Smart.

A small electronic device — the Brain Unit — is attached to the patient via a disposable patch. On Why! The device monitors body temperature and, using a nano-Bluetooth chip, transmits data in real-time to a Relay Unit in criticizing paper the same room. Essays To Be A Nurse! The patent-pending Relay Unit sends the data to columbia acceptance Fever Smart’s servers. A parent or a health care provider can use any Internet-connected device to monitor the patient’s fluctuations in temperature. They also can set alerts for when temperatures reach unsafe levels. The company set a goal of $40,000 for its Indiegogo crowdfunding campaign; it raised $62,986. During the essays on why a nurse past six months, sales have grown to more than $150,000. At about $130 for the smart-device application, the Bluetooth thermometer and 10 patches — supplemental patches are about $8 for 10 — Goldstein and his team see potential for additional revenue in research paper search subscription models and via institutional purchases that could ease demands on staffing at health care centers.

FOCUS Foods: As the global population grows — it’s expected to exceed nine billion by on why to be a nurse, 2040 — the sustainability of organic food sources increasingly is in jeopardy. Agriculture accounts for more than 80% of potable water use, even as news of skunk essay, widespread droughts dominates headlines. Julia Kurnik, a Wharton MBA student, pitched a solution that would cut water costs by 95% and entirely eliminate the need to use fertilizer and pesticides: Aquaponics, which combines soil-free agriculture (hydroponics) and fish-farming (aquaculture) in on why to be a nearly closed-loop system. Fish waste is pumped into a hydroponic system, where bacteria break it down into nitrates and thesis, nitrites, feeding the plants. That filters the water, which returns to essays to be the fish tanks. “We’re taking things that already work,” Kurnik said, “and are simply combining them in a new way.” Aquaponics is a proven method of growing produce and university mfa creative acceptance, protein-rich fish, but FOCUS Foods aims to bring such systems to the rooftops of the supermarkets that sell the essays food. Within a greenhouse, fruits, vegetables and fish can be harvested year-round. The financial and environmental costs of transportation and distribution are virtually eliminated.

Kurnik and university writing acceptance rate, her partner, Geoff Becker, have a partnership with Brown’s Super Stores, which operates a chain of ShopRites in Greater Philadelphia. She estimated that a 60,000-square-foot rooftop system would cost about $400,000 to on why build. (A smaller prototype has been operating since February at one such supermarket.) Eventually, FOCUS Foods wants to build stand-alone farms to supply produce and fish for farm-to-table restaurants. KidFoods: A 30% drop in time devoted to child care and search, housework. A 50% jump in the number of working mothers. A 40% increase in demand for food that’s healthy, fresh and natural. Considered together, those factors, as presented by Wharton MBA students Rishi Reddy, Neil Vangala and Jessica Winschel, account in essays on why a nurse part for a child-focused food market worth $30 billion. Their answer: KidFoods, a subscription service that each Sunday night, for $60, will deliver four lunches and four snacks, as designed by an in-house chef and nutritionist.

Menu designs incorporate themes — Geometry Week, for example, offers a variety of foods arranged by shape — and are targeted at mothers with children ages 3 to 12. KidFoods, Winschel said, already has established relationships with key bloggers in the Philadelphia area. The potential for connections with community influencers, including parent-teacher associations and, perhaps, schools as a whole, has led the trio to project that 275 recurring customers would yield $1 million in sales. Prayas Analytics: Online retailers such as Amazon know everything about their customers, said Yash Kothari, a senior in Wharton’s undergraduate program. He and finn thesis, Pranshu Maheshwari, also a Wharton undergraduate senior, co-founded Prayas Analytics to give brick-and-mortar retailers similar data. “We think this is just the start of the movement to quantify the offline world the way the online world has been quantified.” –Pranshu Maheshwari. “We want to on why a nurse quantify the entire retail store,” Maheshwari said. “Imagine if you had the offline equivalent of an online browsing history.

If you [knew] Customers 1, 2 and 3 took this path through the store, looked at these three products and eventually bought this fourth product, that’s incredibly powerful information that retailers don’t have right now that their online counterparts do, and are able to paper make a lot of use of essays to be a nurse, it.” Prayas uses software to analyze the feeds of security cameras already in place, collecting continuous data on, among other things, queue length, speed of service and customer abandonment. Within a week of the implementation of essay, a pilot program, one store learned that installing line stanchions had reduced customer abandonment by 33%. “And even better than that, even bigger than retail,” Maheshwari said, “the technology that we’re developing in image analysis and essays on why to be a nurse, image processing will be able to essay on showbiz help us analyze things in more industries — transportation, health care, even government. We think this is just the start of the movement to quantify the offline world the on why to be way the online world has been quantified.” Silver Lining: Billed as “outerwear for optimists,” the classically designed outerwear and accessories of essay, this company feature linings designed in collaboration with established artists. Forty percent of Silver Lining’s jackets, meanwhile, are unfinished shells into which digitally printed, customized linings can be installed with minimal turnaround. Team leader Rel Lavizzo-Mourey, a Wharton MBA student at San Francisco, is the founder and on why to be a nurse, designer. The 6% of gross profits that Silver Lining has pledged to support arts education speaks to her background — Lavizzo-Mourney has an undergraduate degree from criticizing paper, Princeton in education policy and visual arts.

The company, which includes Wharton MBA students Miriam Williams and essays on why a nurse, Pav Dharwarkar (San Francisco), has completed its first round of essay on showbiz, production to deliver on more than $28,000 of a nurse, pre-sales — a successful Kickstarter campaign and $5,000 in sales at a recent San Francisco pop-up store yielded an average jacket order of $610. Silver Lining is aiming for the luxury market and predicts 65% average gross margins, with a total market-share goal of nearly $1 billion. Soceana: Long before she founded Soceana, a technology platform that helps corporations manage and promote corporate social responsibility, Tess Michaels was volunteering in hospitals, soup kitchens and homeless shelters. Her interests, however, often didn’t match the tasks to which she was assigned. She felt unfulfilled. Now a senior in Wharton’s undergraduate program, Michaels wanted to life create a marketplace for essays to be a nurse social good, a way to wed the four primary stakeholders — corporations, non-profits, philanthropists and volunteers. Research Search! Some people, she noted, prefer to donate time; some would rather donate money.

Soceana’s patent-pending digital social currency, called philas, which Michaels described as “air miles for social good,” works interchangeably with both. Donors can make pledges with conditions for volunteers to meet. Essays To Be A Nurse! Each volunteer earns philas for each hour of criticizing paper, service. That volunteer then can allocate the philas to a charitable organization, unlocking the pledged funds. Essays On Why! The goal is to create a multiplying effect for each donation and research paper search, hour of on why to be, volunteerism. (In her research, Michaels found that an hour of volunteerism is worth $22.55.) Among Soceana’s advisors is skunk hour essay, Eric Ly, a co-founder of LinkedIn. By March of 2015, Soceana had attracted $250,000 from on why, impact investors. Skunk Hour! Strategic partners include IBM and VolunteerMatch, which pairs seven million volunteers with 102,000 nonprofits. ThirdEye: “Over time,” said Rajat Bhageria, a freshman electrical engineering student, “visually impaired people learn to become dependent on others. And so they don’t think they can be independent.” Bhageria — with fellow University of Pennsylvania freshmen Ben Sandler, David Ongchoco and to be a nurse, Joe Cappadona — is a co-founder of ThirdEye, an application for Google Glass that provides verbal feedback of whatever is before the user when he or she says aloud, “OK, Glass, recognize this.”

The quartet, which has partnered with the National Federation of the Blind, played a brief video in which a person using the on mathematics in daily life product was handed change after a purchase. To Be! He held it in view of the camera and spoke the prompt. “Processing,” a female voice said. “American five-dollar bill.” “This isn’t the essay on mathematics life right change,” the essays on why to be a nurse user deadpanned. Most among the Venture Finals audience laughed. “We have seen rapid growth, and will be able to a research paper use this funding to facilitate this growth.” –Aaron Goldstein.

Humor, indeed, was a key component of the essays a nurse ThirdEye team’s approach — they capped their presentation by touting a Google Glass giveaway; afterward, during their two-minute elevator pitch for the Michelson People’s Choice Award, they laughed and told the essay snacking audience there would be no such giveaway, as they were poor college students. ThirdEye, however, pointed to a clear demographic: The approximately seven million blind people in essays on why America, which grows by about 200,000 per year and search, accounts for more than $41.1 billion spent annually on assistive technologies. A Nurse! A clinical study this summer will be a prelude to a Kickstarter campaign. When a judge asked about huck, potential markets beyond the visually impaired, Bhageria said the capabilities of ThirdEye could be attractive to entirely separate industries. “In the long run,” he said, “maybe after two or three years, we hope to essays to be a nurse separate the concept of ThirdEye as computer-vision smart glasses from huck finn, ThirdEye as a product for the visually impaired. Because once we have the to be former, now we can create applications for military and for lowell skunk hour facial recognition, recognizing fluids and a nurse, recognizing medicines.”

Bungalow Insurance won the Perlman Grand Prize, which includes $30,000 and opportunities to represent The Wharton School/University of Pennsylvania at other business plan competitions. Austin said the company plans to research use the money to expand outside of to be, Pennsylvania. Second prize ($15,000) went to FeverSmart. Goldstein said the award will allow the company to continue to ramp-up its manufacturing. “We have seen rapid growth,” he said, “and will be able to use this funding to facilitate this growth.” FeverSmart also won the research Gloeckner Award ($10,000), designated for essays to be the highest ranking team that has undergraduates as at least half of its members. Soceana took third place ($10,000). “Soceana has raised capital from impact investors,” Michaels said, “so for us, BPC was about the learning, mentorship and the recognition among other Penn start-ups. For me, it is a key milestone in my entrepreneurial journey at Penn. Winning at BPC also paved the way for research paper us to join the Venture Initiation Program at Wharton and increase Soceana’s momentum.”

Each of the top three prize winners also will receive up to $10,000 of in-kind legal services and $5,000 of in-kind accounting services. ThirdEye won the Michelson’s People’s Choice Award ($3,000) and the Committee Award for Most Disruptive ($1,000). The Wharton Social Impact Prize ($10,000) went to on why a nurse semifinalist Cure Accelerator. On Mathematics In Daily! Committee Awards of a nurse, $1,000 each went to semifinalists My Best Friend’s Weekend (Best Business Plan) and WeTrain (Committee’s Choice). accessed October 05, 2017. http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/from-wearable-tech-to-sustainable-food-the-2015-wharton-biz-plan-competition/ How Bike Sharing Is Maturing in China. Wharton vice dean Karl Ulrich describes the latest shifts in China’s growing bike-sharing market. What Defines Millennials – and How Marketers Can Reach Them. Digital culture, fragmentation, distrust of a research, big business and essays to be, a heavy dose of columbia mfa creative acceptance, skepticism are key facets of the millennial generation – and they have led to profound changes in essays on why to be mass marketing, advertising and messaging. Designing for the Circular Economy. Innovative companies are exploring strategies that address end-of-life issues upfront.

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4 Steps to Writing a Job-Winning Resume. Writing your resume, or even updating your resume, can be a scary, daunting task. But with the right approach and know-how, you can create your own standout document in no time. And the good news is we’re here to essays a nurse help. We’ve broken down the resume-writing process into 4 simple steps to make it easier for you to get started! Our Resume Writing Guide gives you an overview of each section of your resume, followed by some quick tips and actual resume examples that you can use as model for your own resume. Every great resume begins with a strong summary statement. This is a short description of who you are professionally that includes a brief list of on mathematics in daily your top skills. Your summary statement is the first thing that recruiters will see. So think of it as your big chance to essays on why to be a nurse catch someone’s attention.

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Our Resume Builder can help you quickly and paper, effectively outline your classroom achievements. Essays A Nurse! More Articles about How to Write Your First Resume. 3 Critical Mistakes to Avoid on Your First Ever Resume. Tips On Creating A Resume For A New Career. Essay On Showbiz! How to Write a Resume When You Have No Work Experience. Get Hired In 30 Seconds: Resume Summary Tips. Get Your Resume In Front of the Right People: Four Tips. Essays To Be A Nurse! Create a Resume That Stops Traffic.

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New Fabian Essays, edited by R. H. S. Crossman. BRITISH socialism has long been a stumbling block to European Marxists and American liberals alike. On Why To Be A Nurse! Standing midway between laissezfaire and George Lichtheim 1952-11-01. New Fabian Essays. by R. H. S. Crossman.

Turnstile Press, London. Research! 215 pp. $3.25 . British socialism has long been a stumbling block to essays European Marxists and American liberals alike. Standing midway between laissez-faire and total planning, critical of capitalism and contemptuous of Communism, democratic and lowell skunk, yet (in its Fabian form) mildly authoritarianit has been something of a puzzle to friends at home and on why to be a nurse, enemies abroad. Of late it also seems to have become a puzzle to research paper search itself, and voices are being raised that question whether it is not an unprofitable compromise rather than a successful synthesis. These mutterings have multiplied since the demise of the Labor government of 1945-51, and it was presumably by way of self-criticism that the Fabian Society earlier this year authorized the publication of eight scholarly essays, with a brief preface by Clement Attlee, under the promising title New Fabian Essays . The contrast between this rather introspective volume and the confident tone assumed by the original Fabian Essays of 1889 has not been lost upon unfriendly critics, and there has been a good deal of comment to the general effect that the to be a nurse, new Fabians, unlike their spiritual ancestors, are by essay, no means sure of the road they propose to essays on why to be a nurse travel. As against this, simple fairness compels the statement that the new Essays are both clearer in finn thesis intent and more precise in their use of socialist methodology than the 1889 volume. People who talk glibly of a decline cannot have read the original Essays , which are with one exception-Bernard Shaw’sremarkably dull and by no means impressive in their intellectual content. On Why! The only essay in the present collection which compares badly with the precursors is that by robert lowell hour essay, R. H. S. Crossman, who assumes the mantle of Shaw and is duly smothered by a garment fit to be worn only by a genius. Where Shaw talked brilliant nonsense, and occasionally brilliant sense, Mr. To Be! Crossman serves up slapdash journalistic judgments on subjects beyond his purview, from finn theology to morals.

But this is the essays on why a nurse, only failure. Denis Healey writes trenchantly on foreign affairs, Mrs. G. D. H. Cole has something valuable to say about education, and skunk, Messrs. Strachey, Jenkins, Crosland, Mikardo, and Albu get to grips with economics in a manner which is impressive for its combination of on why to be, hardheaded common sense and mastery of the technical apparatus. Criticizing A Research! It is no criticism of their ability, but rather of the Fabian approach as a whole, to say that the effect of to be a nurse, this important book is nonetheless disturbingly negative. The reasons why this is criticizing paper so have to essays on why to be a nurse do in part with Britain’s unsolved, and criticizing paper, perhaps insoluble, economic problems, and in part with the dominating role of the American economy, which has reduced the socialist experiment in Britain to the status of an essays on why to be a nurse, interesting but minor phenomenon in Northwestern Europemore or less on a par with the socialist regime in Sweden which, unlike its British counterpart, has endured uninterruptedly for twenty years and proved an astonishing economic success. This double awareness of partial failure and wholesale decline in status nags at the consciousness of the eight authors, and produces a series of columbia writing, reactions ranging from Mr. Crossman’s and Mrs. Cole’s barely veiled “third force” neutralism to John Strachey’s frank acknowledgment that everything depends upon the continuance of enlightened Keynesian policies in the United States. Mr. Strachey states quite bluntly that there will shortly be a major breakdown in international trade unless masses of capital are moved to the backward countries to step up food and raw material production; and that only the United States can do the job on the requisite scale.

And Mr. Crosland, though a shade less pessimistic about the probable impact on Britain of long-term economic changes abroad, is equally emphatic in holding that social stability in Britain depends on essays on why to be economic stability in huck finn America. There is little to essays a nurse choose between the general outlook of these writers and that of the criticizing, surviving New Dealers in Washington, except that the social side of Keynesianisma well-oiled and efficient capitalist societymakes no appeal to them. They are, however, quite aware that it will for a long time continue to essays be the ideal of most liberals and labor leaders in America, and Mr. Crosland even suggests American capitalism can function for huck finn, another century along orthodox lines: “The further transition to statism will either take a century or not occur at all unless (and these are two crucial conditions) either the cold war and high rearmament persists for on why, twenty years, in which case statism will make a gradual entry, or the United States reverts to pre-war figures of unemployment.” There is nothing in this to robert hour essay which orthodox defenders of capitalism can take objection. Inevitablyif you are a liberal Keynesian the to be, question arises why what is rate good enough for essays on why a nurse, the United States should not be equally good or perhaps even better, i.e., more urgently neededfor Britain. Few people, after all, would maintain that British capitalism functions with ideal efficiency, or has absorbed all that America can teach. At this point it becomes difficult to disentangle the socialist argument from the national one.

Both come to the same, namely, that liberal capitalism is no longer viable in Britain. It is a phase which has passed with the robert, disappearance of the peculiar 19th-century combination of on why to be, factors that made it possible, and its place is being taken by what Mr. Crosland has the courage to call “statism,” although some Labor ministers and propagandists not long ago maintained, for public consumption, that it was the British form of socialism. “Statism” is, briefly, the “mixed economy” with the Welfare State superimposed on it. It is not socialism becausehere we encounter the Fabian shibbolethequality has not (vet) been achieved. But it is a step on the road, and columbia writing acceptance, it depends on the political capacity of the Labor movement whether the next step is essays on why to be shortly going to be taken. That, more or less, is the argument.

And although it is qualifiedespecially in robert essay Mr. Strachey’s essayby reminders that the British economy is at the mercy of world forces beyond its control, there is an underlying suggestion that British socialism has already proved viable. The Labor government of 1945-51, it is held, was successful in planning the mixed economy, and it now depends upon purely politicali.e., parliamentaryfactors how soon the next big step towards socialism (defined as greater social equality between classes and individuals) is to be taken. We know how to plan. All we need now is essays to be a clearer view of what we want the socialist society to be like, as regards such matters as educational equality, income equalization, and workers’ control in in daily industry.

Provided no one drops an essays to be a nurse, atom bomb on us, the Garden of Eden is in sight if the boys at the back of the essay, hall will only essays on why to be a nurse keep quiet and robert lowell hour, let us get on with the job. What we seem to lack at the moment is essays on why a parliamentary majority, and huck thesis, that is largely the fault of the Liberals, who deserted us at the point where the essays on why, Keynesian technique had made capitalism viable once more and removed the threat of a total breakdown. Unlike the Liberals, who merely demand that there shall be no mass unemployment, we stand for complete social democracy, and since we know how to plan, and since Britain is a democratic country where the majority rules, we shall eventually get sufficient support. As against this restatement of the orthodox Fabian position, which has behind it the established political leadership, two different kinds of criticism have made themselves heard within the Labor party: that of the columbia mfa creative writing rate, left, which flatly challenges the assertion that Labor has shown itself able to on why a nurse plan, and that of the pessimists among the finn, economic experts who point out on why a nurse, that Britain’s problem is robert lowell skunk hour not how to become more democratic but how to survive. These criticisms overlap to some extent, and of late they have been fused into a very trenchant and highly effective argument employed by socialists on the right and a nurse, left wings of the movementE. F. Schumacher (in Twentieth Century’) , G. D. H. Cole (in the criticizing paper, New Statesman’) , and T. Balogh (in the Tribune) . These writers are all economists of considerable technical repute, and their philosophies range from Christian Socialism to essays on why a nurse Marxism. About the only thing they have in common is a conviction that the Fabian solution is not only inadequate, but has already failed, and that very radicaland more definitely socialist policies will be required if the next Labor government is to drag the country out of the essay, economic morass in which it is essays a nurse firmly stuck at the moment.

G. Robert Lowell Hour Essay! D. Essays On Why A Nurse! H. Cole has shocked the readers of the New Statesman by flatly stating that the eight billion dollars obtained since 1945 have been largely misused to a research maintain a standard of consumption that Britain cannot afford; and while he and on why to be, Mr. Balogh are sharply critical of the Labor government’s readiness to accept American demands for columbia university mfa creative acceptance rate, rearmament, the gravamen of on why to be a nurse, their charge is directed against the failure to on mathematics in daily underpin the expensive Welfare State with a strictly planned and on why to be a nurse, more efficient economy. This was possible in 1945, when the Labor government had inherited a vast system of wartime controls which it promptly began to demolish for the sake of popularity and the good will of Keynesian liberals. It was possible also because in thesis 1945 the whole country was ready for a radical break with the past. The middle classes were willing to give austerity and socialism a chance provided Labor showed itself able to solve the national problem, which is a problem of insufficient productivity . They have now swung back to their traditional attitude, and a nurse, so have the workers. The boat, in other words, has been missed perhaps for good. And it has been missed because those in control were the very Fabians who are now trying to justify their historic failure by calling it an experiment in building up the Welfare State. The Welfare State has indeed been built up and its economic foundations are now crumbling because first things were not put first. Essay! But that is the logic of Fabianism, which has always, as a movement, taken British leadership or at least Britain’s economic viabilityfor granted. Fabianism is distributist socialism; from the beginning it has been concerned not with production but with consumption.

It was assumed that the economic problem had been, or would be, solvedby capitalism. To Be A Nurse! The task of socialists was to make society more democratic, more equal, and more human. A Research Paper! Even in this latest volume, issued in the year 1952, there is only passing reference to essays on why a nurse the world food shortage, the menacing change in the terms of trade, and on mathematics in daily, the need to invest capital in overseas food-producing areas. A Nurse! And just as on the economic side the Fabians have taken capitalism for granted, so on the social side they have taken it for granted that increasing doses of criticizing, democracy would bring about the socialist way of life. But what does more democracy mean to a fluctuating mass of people distracted by to be a nurse, cinemas and huck finn, Sunday tabloids, and shortly to be deluged by commercially sponsored television programs as well?

More of the on why, same article? But what if public apathy turns out to be the national problem? How does it get cured by having larger doses of on showbiz, commercial slush stuffed down the public throat? “Perhaps the question of commercial broadcasting is more important, from this point of view, than the essays, question whether the cement industry should be placed under public control,” says E. F. Schumacher ironically. He stands in the moderate wing of the Labor party, but no one has hit off with more devastating accuracy the mental and moral vacuum that serves the Morrisonian school as a substitute for a socialist consciousness. That the huck finn, right wing is getting alarmed may be inferred from the recent sponsorship by Mr.

Attlee and other Labor bigwigs of a pamphlet modestly labeled Socialism: A New Statement of Principles . The pamphlet the work of a group of intellectuals known as Socialist Unionis a feeble enough affair, but at least it raises in a timid way the question what exactly socialists are supposed to on why to be believe in, apart from the need to control cement output. No such problem worries the Fabians. It is essay on showbiz of course possible to fall into the opposite error of preaching morals where what is needed is a definite program of action. And no doubt the Morrisonian wing of the on why, movement will cap its political weakness by an even more fervent adherence to the great moral commonplaces proudly paraded in the Socialist Union pamphlet. Ethical preaching can become a substitute for clear thinking. It has already provoked an intellectual spokesman of the left to exclaim: We don’t need a new statement of ethical principles!

They were given to us in the Sermon on the Mount! What we need is a program for essay on showbiz, socialist planning. No doubt. But this particular charge cannot be addressed to the Fabians, for the New Fabian Essays contain neither. What they bring is an to be, able defense of the Labor government’s achievement, and a program for making Britain more democratic. It is hardly enough, unless one tacitly assumes that the next Labor government, like that of 1945-51, will obtain American subsidies to keep the Welfare State going.

It is huck finn not an exhilarating prospect. Choose your plan and pay nothing for six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on both our subscription plans. Put your intellectual life in order while you can. This offer is also valid for existing subscribers wishing to purchase a gift subscription. Click here for more details. New Fabian Essays, edited by R. H. S. Crossman. The Terrible American Turn Toward Illiberalism. Can it be reversed?

Sohrab Ahmari 2017-09-13. Writing in these pages last year (“Illiberalism: The Worldwide Crisis,” July/August 2016), I described this surge of intemperate politics as a global phenomenon, a crisis of illiberalism stretching from France to the Philippines and from South Africa to Greece. Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders, I argued, were articulating American versions of this growing challenge to liberalism. By “liberalism,” I was referring not to the left or center-left but to the philosophy of individual rights, free enterprise, checks and on why a nurse, balances, and cultural pluralism that forms the research search, common ground of to be a nurse, politics across the robert lowell skunk hour essay, West. Less a systematic ideology than a posture or sensibility, the new illiberalism nevertheless has certain core planks. Chief among these are a conspiratorial account of world events; hostility to free trade and finance capital; opposition to immigration that goes beyond reasonable restrictions and essays on why a nurse, bleeds into virulent nativism; impatience with norms and essay on mathematics in daily, procedural niceties; a tendency toward populist leader-worship; and skepticism toward international treaties and institutions, such as NATO, that provide the scaffolding for the U.S.-led postwar order. The new illiberals, I pointed out, all tend to admire established authoritarians to varying degrees. Essays A Nurse! Trump, along with France’s Marine Le Pen and many others, looks to Vladimir Putin.

For Sanders, it was Hugo Chavez’s Venezuela, where, the Vermont socialist said in 2011, “the American dream is more apt to be realized.” Even so, I argued, the crisis of illiberalism traces mainly to discontents internal to liberal democracies. Trump’s election and lowell, his first eight months in office have confirmed the on why to be, thrust of university writing acceptance rate, my predictions, if not all of the policy details. On the policy front , the new president has proved too undisciplined, his efforts too wild and essays a nurse, haphazard, to reorient the U.S. government away from essay on mathematics in daily postwar liberal order. The courts blunted the “Muslim ban.” The Trump administration has reaffirmed Washington’s commitment to defend treaty partners in Europe and East Asia. Trumpian grumbling about allies not paying their fair share—a fair point in Europe’s case, by the way—has amounted to just that. The president did pull the U.S. out of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, but even the ultra-establishmentarian Hillary Clinton went from essays a nurse supporting to opposing the pact once she figured out huck, which way the Democratic winds were blowing. The North American Free Trade Agreement, which came into being nearly a quarter-century ago, does look shaky at essays on why the moment, but there is no reason to think that it won’t survive in thesis some modified form. Yet on the cultural front , the a nurse, crisis of illiberalism continues to rage. If anything, it has intensified, as attested by lowell skunk essay, the events surrounding the essays, protest over a Robert E. Lee statue in essay on mathematics Charlottesville, Virginia. The president refused to condemn unequivocally white nationalists who marched with swastikas and chanted “Jews will not replace us.” Trump even suggested there were “very fine people” among them, thus winking at essays on why to be the so-called alt-right as he had during the campaign. In the days that followed, much of the left rallied behind so-called antifa (“anti-fascist”) militants who make no secret of essay, their allegiance to violent totalitarian ideologies at on why the other end of the search, political spectrum.

Disorder is the new American normal, then. Questions that appeared to have been settled—about the connection between economic and to be a nurse, political liberty, the perils of conspiracism and romantic politics, America’s unique role on the world stage, and so on—are unsettled once more. Serious people wonder out loud whether liberal democracy is worth maintaining at all, with many of them concluding that it is not. The return of ideas that for good reason were buried in the last century threatens the decent political order that has made the U.S. an exceptionally free and prosperous civilization. F or many leftists , America’s commitment to liberty and equality before the law has always masked despotism and essay, exploitation. This view long predated Trump’s rise, and if they didn’t subscribe to it themselves, too often mainstream Democrats and progressives treated its proponents—the likes of Noam Chomsky and Howard Zinn—as beloved and on why a nurse, respectable, if slightly eccentric, relatives. This cynical vision of the free society (as a conspiracy against hour the dispossessed) was a mainstay of Cold War–era debates about the relative merits of Western democracy and Communism. Soviet apologists insisted that Communist states couldn’t be expected to uphold “merely” formal rights when they had set out to shape a whole new kind of essays on why to be a nurse, man. That required “breaking a few eggs,” in the words of the on mathematics, Stalinist interrogators in on why to be a nurse Arthur Koestler’s Darkness at Noon . Anyway, what good were free speech and due process to criticizing a research paper the coal miner, when under capitalism the whole social structure was rigged against him? That line worked for a time, until the scale of Soviet tyranny became impossible to justify by on why a nurse, anyone but its most abject apologists.

It became obvious that “bourgeois justice,” however imperfect, was infinitely preferable to the Marxist alternative. With the Communist experiment discredited, and Western workers uninterested in staging world revolution, the illiberal left began shifting instead to questions of identity. In race-gender-sexuality theory and the identitarian “subaltern,” it found potent substitutes for dialectical materialism and the proletariat. We are still living with the consequences of essay on mathematics in daily, this shift. Although there were superficial resemblances, this new politics of identity differed from earlier civil-rights movements. Those earlier movements had sought a place at the American table for hitherto entirely or somewhat excluded groups: blacks, women, gays, the disabled, and so on. In doing so, they didn’t seek to to be overturn or radically reorganize the research paper, table.

Instead, they reaffirmed the American Founding (think of Martin Luther King Jr.’s constant references to the Declaration of on why, Independence). And these movements succeeded, owing to America’s tremendous capacity for essay, absorbing social change. Yet for the new identitarians, as for the Marxists before them, liberal-democratic order was systematically rigged against to be a nurse the downtrodden—now redefined along lines of race, gender, and sexuality, with social class quietly swept under the rug. America’s strides toward racial progress, not least the election and re-election of an robert lowell skunk, African-American president, were dismissed. The U.S. Essays To Be A Nurse! still deserved condemnation because it fell short of perfect inclusion, limitless autonomy, and complete equality—conditions that no free society can achieve given the in daily life, root fact of human nature.

The accidentals had changed from the on why to be, Marxist days, in other words, but the essentials remained the same. In one sense, though, the identitarians went further. The old Marxists still claimed to stand on objectively accessible truth. Not so their successors. Following intellectual lodestars such as the gender theorist Judith Butler, the identity left came to thesis reject objective truth—and with it, biological sex differences, aesthetic standards in art, the possibility of universal moral precepts, and much else of the kind. All of these things, the on why a nurse, left identitarians said, were products of repressive institutions, hierarchies, and power. Today’s “social-justice warriors” are heirs to on mathematics in daily this sordid intellectual legacy. They claim to on why to be a nurse seek justice.

But, unmoored from any moral foundations, SJW justice operates like mob justice and revolutionary terror, usually carried out on mathematics life, online. SJWs claim to protect individual autonomy, but the obsession with group identity and power dynamics means that SJW autonomy claims must destroy the autonomy of others. Self-righteousness married to total relativism is essays on why a nurse a terrifying thing. It isn’t enough to have legalized same-sex marriage in the U.S. via judicial fiat; the evangelical baker must be forced to bake cakes for gay weddings. It isn’t enough to finn thesis have won legal protection and social acceptance for the transgendered; the Orthodox rabbi must use preferred trans pronouns on pain of essays on why to be a nurse, criminal prosecution. Likewise, since there is no objective truth to be gained from the open exchange of ideas, any speech that causes subjective discomfort among members of marginalized groups must be suppressed, if necessary through physical violence. Campus censorship that began with speech codes and mobs that prevented conservative and pro-Israel figures from speaking has now evolved into essay a general right to on why to be a nurse beat anyone designated as a “fascist,” on- or off-campus. For the illiberal left, the election of lowell skunk hour essay, Donald Trump was indisputable proof that behind America’s liberal pieties lurks, forever, the beast of bigotry.

Trump, in this view, wasn’t just an unqualified vulgarian who nevertheless won the decisive backing of voters dissatisfied with the alternative or alienated from mainstream politics. Rather, a vote for Trump constituted a declaration of war against on why to be a nurse women, immigrants, and other victims of American “structures of oppression.” There would be no attempt to persuade Trump supporters; war would be answered by war. This isn’t liberalism. Since it can sometimes appear as an extension of traditional civil-rights activism, however, identity leftism has glommed itself onto liberalism. It is on mathematics in daily frequently impossible to tell where traditional autonomy- and essays to be a nurse, equality-seeking liberalism ends and repressive identity leftism begins.

Whether based on faulty thinking or out of a sense of weakness before an angry and energetic movement, liberals have too often embraced the identity left as their own. They haven’t noticed how the identitarians seek to undermine, not rectify, liberal order. Some on the left, notably Columbia University’s Mark Lilla, are sounding the alarm and calling on Democrats to robert skunk hour stress the common good over tribalism. Yet these are a few voices in the wilderness. Identitarians of various stripes still lord over the broad left, where it is fashionable to believe that the U.S. project is predatory and oppressive by design. If there is a viable left alternative to identity on the horizon, it is the on why to be a nurse, one offered by Sanders and his “Bernie Bros”—which is to say, a reversion to the socialism and class struggle of the previous century.

Americans, it seems, will have to columbia university writing acceptance rate wait a while for reason and responsibility to return to the left. hen there is the illiberal fever gripping American conservatives. Liberal democracy has always had its critics on the right, particularly in Continental Europe, where statist, authoritarian, and blood-and-soil accounts of conservatism predominate. Mainstream Anglo-American conservatism took a different course. On Why To Be A Nurse! It has championed individual rights, free enterprise, and pluralism while insisting that liberty depends on public virtue and finn thesis, moral order, and that sometimes the claims of liberty and on why to be a nurse, autonomy must give way to those of essay, tradition, state authority, and essays a nurse, the common good. The whole beauty of American order lies in keeping in tension these rival forces that are nevertheless fundamentally at finn thesis peace. The Founders didn’t adopt wholesale Enlightenment liberalism; rather, they tempered its precepts about universal rights with the teachings of on why, biblical religion as well as Roman political theory. The Constitution drew from all three wellsprings. Essay! The product was a whole, and it is a pointless and ahistorical exercise to elevate any one source above the others. American conservatism and liberalism, then, are in fact branches of each other, the one (conservatism) invoking tradition and virtue to a nurse defend and, when necessary, discipline the regime of huck finn thesis, liberty; the other (liberalism) guaranteeing the open space in which churches, volunteer organizations, philanthropic activity, and other sources of tradition and civic virtue flourish, in freedom, rather than through state establishment or patronage. One result has been long-term political stability, a blessing that Americans take for granted.

Another has been the transformation of liberalism into the lingua franca of all politics, not just at home but across a world that, since 1945, has increasingly reflected U.S. A Nurse! preferences. Essay In Daily! The great French classical liberal Raymond Aron noted in 1955 that the “essentials of liberalism—the respect for individual liberty and essays, moderate government—are no longer the property of a single party: they have become the property of all.” As Aron archly pointed out, even liberalism’s enemies tend to frame their objections using the rights-based talk associated with liberalism. Under Trump, however, some in the party of the right have abdicated their responsibility to research search liberal democracy as a whole. They have reduced themselves to essays on why to be the lowest sophistry in columbia mfa creative acceptance defense of the to be a nurse, New Yorker’s inanities and daily assaults on presidential norms. Beginning when Trump clinched the in daily, GOP nomination last year, a great deal of conservative “thinking” has amounted to: You did X to essays to be a nurse us, now enjoy it as we dish it back to you and then some . Entire websites and some of the skunk essay, biggest stars in essays a nurse right-wing punditry are singularly devoted to making this rather base point. If Trump is undermining this or that aspect of lowell hour essay, liberal order that was once cherished by conservatives, so be it; that 63 million Americans supported him and that the president “drives the left crazy”—these are good enough reasons to go along. Some of this is essays on why to be partisan jousting that occurs with every administration. But when it comes to Trump’s most egregious statements and conduct—such as his repeated assertions that the U.S. and Putin’s thugocracy are moral equals—the apologetics are positively obscene.

Enough pooh-poohing, whataboutery, and misdirection of this kind, and there will be no conservative principle left standing. More perniciously, as once-defeated illiberal philosophies have returned with a vengeance to a research the left, so have their reactionary analogues to the right. Essays A Nurse! The two illiberalisms enjoy a remarkable complementarity and even cross-pollinate each other. This has developed to essay in daily the point where it is sometimes hard to on why to be distinguish Tucker Carlson from Chomsky, Laura Ingraham from Julian Assange, the Claremont Review from New Left Review , and so on. Two slanders against liberalism in particular seem to paper be gathering strength on the thinking right. The first is the tendency to essays on why a nurse frame elements of on mathematics life, liberal democracy, especially free trade, as a conspiracy hatched by capitalists, the managerial class, and others with soft hands against American workers. One needn’t renounce liberal democracy as a whole to believe this, though believers often go the whole hog. Essays A Nurse! The second idea is criticizing a research paper that liberalism itself was another form of totalitarianism all along and, therefore, that no amount of conservative course correction can set right what is wrong with the system. These two theses together represent a dismaying ideological turn on the right. The first—the account of global capitalism as an on why to be, imposition of power over the powerless—has gained currency in the pages of American Affairs , the new journal of Trumpian thought, where class struggle is a constant theme. Other conservatives, who were always skeptical of free enterprise and huck finn, U.S.-led world order, such as the Weekly Standard ’s Christopher Caldwell, are also publishing similar ideas to a wider reception than perhaps greeted them in the past.

In a March 2017 essay in on why a nurse the Claremont Review of Books , for example, Caldwell flatly described globalization as a “con game.” The perpetrators, he argued, are “unscrupulous actors who have broken promises and seized a good deal of hard-won public property.” These included administrations of both parties that pursued trade liberalization over decades, people who live in cities and therefore benefit from the knowledge-based economy, American firms, and acceptance, really anyone who has ever thought to capitalize on global supply chains to boost competitiveness—globalists, in a word. By shipping jobs and manufacturing processes overseas, Caldwell contended, these miscreants had stolen not just material things like taxpayer-funded research but also concepts like “economies of scale” (you didn’t build that!). Thus, globalization in the West differed “in degree but not in a nurse kind from the contemporaneous Eastern Bloc looting of state assets.” That comparison with predatory post-Communist privatization is essay on showbiz a sure sign of ideological overheating. It is somewhat like saying that a consumer bank’s lending to home buyers differs in a nurse degree but not in kind from a loan shark’s racket in a housing project. A Research! Well, yes, in the sense that the underlying activity—moneylending, the purchase of assets—is the on why to be, same in both cases. But the robert lowell skunk hour, context makes all the difference: The globalization that began after World War II and accelerated in the ’90s took place within a rules-based system, which duly elected or appointed policymakers in Western democracies designed in good faith and for a whole host of legitimate strategic and economic reasons. These policymakers knew that globalization was as old as civilization itself. It would take place anyway, and the only question was whether it would be rules-based and on why, efficient or the kind of globalization that would be driven by essay on showbiz, great-power rivalry and therefore prone to protectionist trade wars. And they were right. What today’s anti-trade types won’t admit is that defeating the Trans-Pacific Partnership and a proposed U.S.-European trade pact known as TTIP won’t end globalization as such; instead, it will cede the game to other powers that are less concerned about rules and fair play.

The postwar globalizers may have gone too far (or not far enough!). They certainly didn’t give sufficient thought to the losers in the system, or how to deal with the de-industrialization that would follow when information became supremely mobile and wages in the West remained too high relative to skills and productivity gains in the developing world. Essays On Why To Be! They muddled and compromised their way through these questions, as all policymakers in the real world do. The point is that these leaders—the likes of FDR, Churchill, JFK, Ronald Reagan, Margaret Thatcher, and, yes, Bill Clinton—acted neither with malice aforethought nor anti-democratically. It isn’t true, contra Caldwell, that free trade necessarily requires “veto-proof and research search, non-consultative” politics. The U.S., Britain, and other members of what used to essays be called the Free World have respected popular sovereignty (as understood at the time) for as long as they have been trading nations. Put another way, you were far more likely to enjoy political freedom if you were a citizen of one of these states than of on showbiz, countries that opposed economic liberalism in the 20th century. Essays On Why! That remains true today. These distinctions matter. Caldwell and like-minded writers of the right, who tend to dwell on liberal democracies’ crimes, are prepared to tolerate far worse if it is committed in the name of defeating “globalism.” Hence the speech on Putin that Caldwell delivered this spring at huck thesis a Hillsdale College gathering in Phoenix.

Promising not to “talk about essays on why a nurse what to think about Putin,” he proceeded to praise the a research, Russian strongman as the “preeminent statesman of on why to be, our time” (alongside Turkish strongman Recep Tayyip Erdogan). Putin, Caldwell said, “has become a symbol of national self-determination.” Then Caldwell made a remark that illuminates the link between the illiberalisms of yesterday and today. Putin is to “populist conservatives,” he declared, what Castro once was to progressives. “You didn’t have to be a Communist to appreciate the way Castro, whatever his excesses, was carving out a space of autonomy for his country.” Whatever his excesses, indeed. he other big idea is that today’s liberal crises aren’t a bug but a core feature of liberalism. On Showbiz! This line of thinking is particularly prevalent among some Catholic traditionalists and other orthodox Christians (both small- and to be a nurse, capital-“o”). Columbia University Mfa Creative Writing! The common denominator, it seems to on why to be a nurse me, is criticizing having grown up as a serious believer at a time when many liberals—to their shame—have declared war on faith generally and on why to be a nurse, social conservatism in particular. The argument essentially is this: We (social conservatives, traditionalists) saw the threat from liberalism coming.

With its claims about abstract rights and on showbiz, universal reason, classical liberalism had always posed a danger to the Church and to people of a nurse, God. We remembered what those fired up by the new ideas did to our nuns and altars in France. Rate! Still we made peace with American liberal order, because we were told that the Founders had “built on low but solid ground,” to borrow Leo Strauss’s famous formulation, or that they had “built better than they knew,” as American Catholic hierarchs in the 19th century put it. Maybe these promises held good for a couple of centuries, the argument continues, but they no longer do. Witness the second sexual revolution under way today. The revolutionaries are plainly telling us that we must either conform our beliefs to Herod’s ways or be driven from the democratic public square.

Can it still be said that the Founding rested on solid ground? Did the Founders really build better than they knew? Or is what is passing now precisely what they intended, the rotten fruit of the Enlightenment universalism that they planted in essays on why to be a nurse the Constitution? We don’t love Trump (or Putin, Hungary’s Viktor Orban, etc.), but perhaps he can counter the pincer movement of sexual and economic liberalism, and restore a measure of solidarity and commitment to the Western project. The most pessimistic of these illiberal critics go so far as to argue that liberalism isn’t all that different from Communism, that both are totalitarian children of the Enlightenment. One such critic, Harvard Law School’s Adrian Vermeule, summed up this position in a January essay in First Things magazine: The stock distinction between the huck finn, Enlightenment’s twins—communism is violently coercive while liberalism allows freedom of thought—is glib.

Illiberal citizens, trapped [under liberalism] without exit papers, suffer a narrowing sphere of permitted action and speech, shrinking prospects, and increasing pressure from regulators, employers, and acquaintances, and even from friends and on why, family. In Daily! Liberal society celebrates toleration, diversity, and on why to be, free inquiry, but in practice it features a spreading social, cultural, and ideological conformism. 1. I share Vermeule’s despair and that of many other conservative-Christian friends, because there have been genuinely alarming encroachments against essay on mathematics in daily conscience, religious freedom, and the dignity of essays, life in Western liberal democracies in recent years. Even so, despair is an unhelpful companion to sober political thought, and the case for plunging into political illiberalism is weak, even on social-conservative grounds. Here again what commends liberalism is historical experience, not abstract theory. Paper Search! Simply put, in essays on why a nurse the real-world experience of the 20th century, the in daily, Church, tradition, and religious minorities fared far better under liberal-democratic regimes than they did under illiberal alternatives.

Are coercion and conformity targeting people of faith under liberalism? To be sure. A Nurse! But these don’t take the form of the gulag or the concentration camp or the soccer stadium–cum-killing field. Essay On Showbiz! Catholic political practice knows well how to draw such moral distinctions between regimes: Pope John Paul II befriended Reagan. Essays On Why To Be A Nurse! If liberal democracy and Communism were indeed “twins” whose distinctions are “glib,” why did he do so? And as Pascal Bruckner wrote in his essay “The Tyranny of Guilt,” if liberal democracy does trap or jail you (politically speaking), it also invariably slips the key under your cell door. On Mathematics Life! The Swedish midwives driven out of the profession over their pro-life views can take their story to the media. To Be! The Down syndrome advocacy outfit whose anti-eugenic advertising was censored in France can sue in national and then international courts.

The Little Sisters of the research, Poor can appeal to the Supreme Court for a conscience exemption to Obamacare’s contraceptives mandate. And so on. Conversely, once you go illiberal, you don’t just rid yourself of the NGOs and a nurse, doctrinaire bureaucrats bent on forcing priests to perform gay marriages; you also lose the legal guarantees that protect the Church, however imperfectly, against capricious rulers and life, popular majorities. And if public opinion in the West is turning increasingly secular, indeed anti-Christian, as social conservatives complain and essays on why to be, surveys seem to confirm, is it really a good idea to militate in criticizing a research paper favor of a more illiberal order rather than defend tooth and nail liberal principles of freedom of conscience? For tomorrow, the state might fall into Elizabeth Warren’s hands.

Nor, finally, is political liberalism alone to blame for the Church’s retreating on various fronts. To Be! There have been plenty of robert lowell, wounds inflicted by on why, churchmen and laypeople, who believed that they could best serve the faith by conforming its liturgy, moral teaching, and public presence to liberal order. But political liberalism didn’t compel these changes, at least not directly. In the space opened up by liberalism, and amid the kaleidoscopic lifestyles that left millions of people feeling empty and confused, it was perfectly possible to propose tradition as an alternative. It is still possible to do so.

N one of paper, this is to excuse the failures of liberals. On Why To Be A Nurse! Liberals and mainstream conservatives must go back to on showbiz the drawing board, to figure out on why to be a nurse, why it is that thoughtful people have come to conclude that their system is incompatible with democracy, nationalism, and religious faith. Traditionalists and others who see Russia’s mafia state as a defender of Christian civilization and criticizing a research, national sovereignty have been duped, but liberals bear some blame for driving large numbers of people in the West to that conclusion. This is a generational challenge for the liberal project. So be it. Liberal societies like America’s by nature invite such questioning. But before we abandon the 200-and-some-year-old liberal adventure, it is worth examining the ways in to be a nurse which today’s left-wing and right-wing critiques of it mirror bad ideas that were overcome in the previous century. The ideological ferment of the moment, after all, doesn’t relieve the illiberals of the responsibility to robert essay reckon with the lessons of the past. 1 Vermeule was reviewing The Demon in Democracy , a 2015 book by the Polish political theorist and parliamentarian Ryszard Legutko that makes the same case. Fred Siegel’s review of the English edition appeared in on why a nurse our June 2016 issue.

Choose your plan and pay nothing for six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on both our subscription plans. Put your intellectual life in order while you can. This offer is also valid for university rate, existing subscribers wishing to purchase a gift subscription. Click here for more details. The Campus Sex-Crime Tribunals Are Losing. How the courts are intervening to block some of the most unjust punishments of our time. KC Johnson 2017-09-08. Barrett’s decision marked the 59th judicial setback for a nurse, a college or university since 2013 in research paper a due-process lawsuit brought by a student accused of sexual assault. (In four additional cases, the school settled a lawsuit before any judicial decision occurred.) This body of law serves as a towering rebuke to the Obama administration’s reinterpretation of Title IX, the 1972 law barring sex discrimination in schools that receive federal funding. Beginning in 2011, the Education Department’s Office for to be, Civil Rights (OCR) issued a series of essay, “guidance” documents pressuring colleges and universities to change how they adjudicated sexual-assault cases in ways that increased the likelihood of guilty findings. On Why! Amid pressure from writing acceptance rate student and faculty activists, virtually all elite colleges and universities have gone far beyond federal mandates and have even further weakened the rights of students accused of sexual assault.

Like all extreme victims’-rights approaches, the new policies had the greatest impact on the wrongly accused. A 2016 study from UCLA public-policy professor John Villasenor used just one of the changes—schools employing the lowest standard of proof, a preponderance of the on why to be a nurse, evidence—to predict that as often as 33 percent of the robert skunk hour essay, time, campus Title IX tribunals would return guilty findings in cases involving innocent students. Villasenor’s study could not measure the impact of other Obama-era policy demands—such as allowing accusers to appeal not-guilty findings, discouraging cross-examination of to be a nurse, accusers, and urging schools to adjudicate claims even when a criminal inquiry found no wrongdoing. In a September 7 address at George Mason University, Education Secretary Betsy DeVos stated that “no student should be forced to sue their way to due process.” But once enmeshed in the campus Title IX process, a wrongfully accused student’s best chance for justice may well be a lawsuit filed after his college incorrectly has found him guilty. (According to data from United Educators, a higher-education insurance firm, 99 percent of students accused of campus sexual assault are male.) The Foundation for Individual Rights has identified more than 180 such lawsuits filed since the 2011 policy changes. That figure, obviously, excludes students with equally strong claims whose families cannot afford to go to court. These students face life-altering consequences. As Judge T.S. Ellis III noted in a 2016 decision, it is “so clear as to be almost a truism” that a student will lose future educational and employment opportunities if his college wrongly brands him a rapist. “It is not the role of the federal courts to set aside decisions of school administrators which the court may view as lacking in wisdom or compassion.” So wrote the university writing acceptance, Supreme Court in a 1975 case, Wood v. Strickland . While the Supreme Court has made clear that colleges must provide accused students with some rights, especially when dealing with nonacademic disciplinary questions, courts generally have not been eager to intervene in such matters.

This is what makes the developments of the essays a nurse, last four years all the more remarkable. The process began in May 2013, in a ruling against St. Criticizing A Research Paper! Joseph’s University, and has lately accelerated (15 rulings in 2016 and 21 thus far in 2017). Of the essays on why, 40 setbacks for colleges in federal court, 14 came from judges nominated by Barack Obama, 11 from Clinton nominees, and nine from selections of George W. Bush. Brown University has been on the losing side of university mfa creative writing acceptance, three decisions; Duke, Cornell, and Penn State, two each. Court decisions since the expansion of Title IX activism have not all gone in one direction. In 36 of the due-process lawsuits, courts have permitted the university to maintain its guilty finding. (In four other cases, the university settled despite prevailing at a preliminary stage.) But even in these cases, some courts have expressed discomfort with campus procedures. One federal judge was “greatly troubled” that Georgia Tech veered “very far from an ideal representation of due process” when its investigator “did not pursue any line of investigation that may have cast doubt on [the accuser’s] account of the incident.” Another went out of his way to say that he considered it plausible that a former Case Western Reserve University student was actually “innocent of the charges levied against him.” And one state appellate judge opened oral argument by a nurse, bluntly informing the University of California’s lawyer, “When I . . . finished reading all the briefs in in daily life this case, my comment was, ‘Where’s the on why to be, kangaroo?’”

Judges have, obviously, raised more questions in cases where the columbia mfa creative, college has found itself on the losing side. Those lawsuits have featured three common areas of essays to be, concern: bias in the investigation, resulting in a college decision based on incomplete evidence; procedures that prevented the accused student from challenging his accuser’s credibility, chiefly through cross-examination; and schools utilizing a process that seemed designed to produce a predetermined result, in lowell skunk hour response to real or perceived pressure from the federal government. C olleges and universities have proven remarkably willing to act on incomplete information when adjudicating sexual-assault cases. In December 2013, for example, Amherst College expelled a student for sexual assault despite text messages (which the essays on why to be, college investigator failed to discover) indicating that the accuser had consented to sexual contact. The accuser’s own testimony also indicated that she might have committed sexual assault, by initiating sexual contact with a student who Amherst conceded was experiencing an alcoholic blackout. When the accused student sued Amherst, the college said its failure to uncover the text messages had been irrelevant because its investigator had only sought texts that portrayed the incident as nonconsensual. In February, Judge Mark Mastroianni allowed the accused student’s lawsuit to huck finn thesis proceed, commenting that the texts could raise “additional questions about the credibility of the version of events [the accuser] gave during the disciplinary proceeding.” The two sides settled in late July. Amherst was hardly alone in its eagerness to avoid evidence that might undermine the accuser’s version of essays on why to be, events; the same happened at Penn State, St. Joseph’s, Duke, Ohio State, Occidental, Lynn, Marlboro, Michigan, and Notre Dame. Even in cases with a more complete evidentiary base, accused students have often been blocked from writing rate presenting a full-fledged defense. Essays! As part of its reinterpretation of Title IX, the Obama administration sought to shield campus accusers from cross-examination.

OCR’s 2011 guidance “strongly” discouraged direct cross-examination of accusers by the accused student—a critical restriction, since most university procedures require the accused student, rather than his lawyer, to defend himself in the hearing. OCR’s 2014 guidance suggested that this type of cross-examination in writing acceptance rate and of itself could create a hostile environment. The Obama administration even spoke favorably about the to be a nurse, growing trend among schools to abolish hearings altogether and allow a single official to serve as investigator, prosecutor, judge, and jury in sexual-assault cases. The Supreme Court has never held that campus disciplinary hearings must permit cross-examination. Paper Search! Nonetheless, the recent attack on the practice has left schools struggling to explain why they would not want to essays utilize what the Court has described as the essay on mathematics life, “greatest legal engine ever invented for the discovery of truth.” In June 2016, the University of Cincinnati found a student guilty of sexual assault after a hearing at to be a nurse which neither his accuser nor the university’s Title IX investigator appeared. In an unintentionally comical line, the hearing chair noted the a research, absent witnesses before asking the essays to be, accused student if he had “any questions of the thesis, Title IX report.” The student, befuddled, replied, “Well, since she’s not here, I can’t really ask anything of the on why to be a nurse, report.” (The panel chair did not indicate how the “report” could have answered any questions.) Cincinnati found the student guilty anyway. 1. Limitations on full cross-examination also played a role in judicial setbacks for finn, Middlebury, George Mason, James Madison, Ohio State, Occidental, Penn State, Brandeis, Amherst, Notre Dame, and Skidmore. Finally, since 2011, more than 300 students have filed Title IX complaints with the Office for Civil Rights, alleging mishandling of their sexual-assault allegation by to be a nurse, their college. OCR’s leadership seemed to welcome the complaints, which allowed Obama officials not only to inspect the individual case but all sexual-assault claims at the school in question over a three-year period.

Northwestern University professor Laura Kipnis has estimated that during the columbia university mfa creative rate, Obama years, colleges spent between $60 million and $100 million on a nurse these investigations. If OCR finds a Title IX violation, that might lead to a loss of federal funding. This has led Harvard Law professors Jeannie Suk Gersen, Janet Halley, Elizabeth Bartholet, and Nancy Gertner to observe in a white paper submitted to OCR that universities have “strong incentives to ensure the school stays in OCR’s good graces.” One of the essay, earliest lawsuits after the Obama administration’s policy shift, involving former Xavier University basketball player Dez Wells, demonstrated how an on why, OCR investigation can affect the essay, fairness of a university inquiry. To Be! The accuser’s complaint had been referred both to Xavier’s Title IX office and the Cincinnati police.

The police concluded that the allegation was meritless; Hamilton County Prosecuting Attorney Joseph Deters later said he considered charging the accuser with filing a false police report. Deters asked Xavier to delay its proceedings until his office completed its investigation. School officials refused. Instead, three weeks after the initial allegation, the university expelled Wells. He sued and speculated that Xavier’s haste came not from a quest for justice but instead from huck finn a desire to avoid difficulties in finalizing an to be, agreement with OCR to resolve an unrelated complaint filed by two female Xavier students. (In recent years, OCR has entered into dozens of similar resolution agreements, which bind universities to policy changes in lowell exchange for on why a nurse, removing the paper, threat of losing federal funds.) In a July 2014 ruling, Judge Arthur Spiegel observed that Xavier’s disciplinary tribunal, however “well-equipped to adjudicate questions of cheating, may have been in over its head with relation to an alleged false accusation of sexual assault.” Soon thereafter, the two sides settled; Wells transferred to the University of Maryland. Ohio State, Occidental, Cornell, Middlebury, Appalachian State, USC, and Columbia have all found themselves on the losing side of court decisions arising from cases that originated during a time in which OCR was investigating or threatening to on why investigate the school. (In the a research paper, Ohio State case, one university staffer testified that she didn’t know whether she had an obligation to correct a false statement by an accuser to a disciplinary panel.) Pressure from OCR can be indirect, as well. The Obama administration interpreted federal law as requiring all universities to have at least one Title IX coordinator; larger universities now employ dozens of Title IX personnel who, as the Harvard Law professors explained, “have reason to fear for their jobs if they hold a student not responsible or if they assign a rehabilitative or restorative rather than a harshly punitive sanction.” A mid the wave of judicial setbacks for universities, two decisions in to be a nurse particular stand out. Easily the most powerful opinion in lowell skunk a campus due-process case came in March 2016 from Judge F. Dennis Saylor.

While the stereotypical campus sexual-assault allegation results from an essays on why a nurse, alcohol-filled, one-night encounter between a male and a female student, a case at Brandeis University involved a long-term monogamous relationship between two male students. A bad breakup led to university mfa creative writing rate the accusing student’s filing the following complaint, against which his former boyfriend was expected to provide a defense: “Starting in the month of September, 2011, the on why to be a nurse, Alleged violator of research paper search, Policy had numerous inappropriate, nonconsensual sexual interactions with me. To Be A Nurse! These interactions continued to occur until around May 2013.” To adjudicate, Brandeis hired a former OCR staffer, who interviewed the two students and a few of their friends. Since the university did not hold a hearing, the investigator decided guilt or innocence on finn her own. She treated each incident as if the two men were strangers to each other, which allowed her to on why a nurse determine that sexual “violence” had occurred in the relationship. The accused student, she found, sometimes looked at his boyfriend in the nude without permission and sometimes awakened his boyfriend with kisses when the boyfriend wanted to huck finn stay asleep.

The university’s procedures prevented the on why to be, student from seeing the essay on showbiz, investigator’s report, with its absurdly broad definition of sexual misconduct, in preparing his appeal. On Why To Be A Nurse! “In the essay, context of American legal culture,” Boston Globe columnist Dante Ramos later argued, denying this type of information “is crazy.” “Standard rules of evidence and on why to be, other protections for the accused keep things like false accusations or mistakes by authorities from hurting innocent people.” When the university appeal was denied, the student sued. At an October 2015 hearing to consider the university’s motion to dismiss, Saylor seemed flabbergasted at the unfairness of the criticizing, school’s approach. “I don’t understand,” he observed, “how a university, much less one named after Louis Brandeis, could possibly think that that was a fair procedure to not allow the accused to see the accusation.” Brandeis’s lawyer cited pressure to conform to OCR guidance, but the judge deemed the university’s procedures “closer to Salem 1692 than Boston, 2015.” The following March, Saylor issued an 89-page opinion that has been cited in virtually every lawsuit subsequently filed by an accused student. “Whether someone is a ‘victim’ is a conclusion to be reached at the end of a fair process, not an essays on why a nurse, assumption to be made at the beginning,” Saylor wrote. Essay On Showbiz! “If a college student is to to be a nurse be marked for life as a sexual predator, it is reasonable to on showbiz require that he be provided a fair opportunity to defend himself and essays on why to be a nurse, an impartial arbiter to criticizing a research paper make that decision.” Saylor concluded that Brandeis forced the essays on why to be, accused student “to defend himself in what was essentially an inquisitorial proceeding that plausibly failed to provide him with a fair and reasonable opportunity to be informed of the charges and to present an columbia rate, adequate defense.” The student, vindicated by essays on why to be a nurse, the ruling’s sweeping nature, then withdrew his lawsuit. He currently is pursuing a Title IX complaint against Brandeis with OCR. Four months later, a three-judge panel of the paper, Second Circuit Court of Appeals produced an opinion that lacked Saylor’s rhetorical flourish or his understanding of the a nurse, basic unfairness of the in daily life, campus Title IX process. On Why To Be A Nurse! But by creating a more relaxed standard for accused students to make federal Title IX claims, the Second Circuit’s decision in finn thesis Doe v. Columbia carried considerable weight. Two Columbia students who had been drinking had a brief sexual encounter at a party.

More than four months later, the accuser claimed she was too intoxicated to have consented. To Be A Nurse! Her allegation came in an atmosphere of campus outrage about the university’s allegedly insufficient toughness on sexual assault. In this setting, the huck finn thesis, accused student found Columbia’s Title IX investigator uninterested in hearing his side of the story. A Nurse! He cited witnesses who would corroborate his belief that the accuser wasn’t intoxicated; the investigator declined to essay on showbiz speak with them. The student was found guilty, although for on why to be a nurse, reasons differing from the initial claim; the research paper search, Columbia panel ruled that he had “directed unreasonable pressure for sexual activity toward the [accuser] over a period of essays to be a nurse, weeks,” leaving her unable to consent on the night in question. He received a three-semester suspension for this nebulous offense—which even his accuser deemed too harsh. He sued, and the case was assigned to huck finn thesis Judge Jesse Furman. Furman’s opinion provided a ringing victory for Columbia and the Obama-backed policies it used. As Title IX litigator Patricia Hamill later observed, Furman’s “almost impossible standard” required accused students to have inside information about the essays, institution’s handling of other sexual-assault claims—information they could plausibly obtain only robert skunk hour essay through the legal process known as discovery, which happens at a later stage of litigation—in order to survive a university’s initial motion to essays to be a nurse dismiss. Furman suggested that, to prevail, an robert skunk hour essay, accused student would need to show that his school treated a female student accused of sexual assault more favorably, or at to be least provide details about how cases against other accused students showed a pattern of bias. But federal privacy law keeps campus disciplinary hearings private, leaving most accused students with little opportunity to uncover the essay on showbiz, information before their case is dismissed.

At the same time, the opinion excused virtually any degree of unfairness by the institution. Furman reasoned that taking “allegations of rape on campus seriously and . . . treat[ing] complainants with a high degree of essays to be, sensitivity” could constitute “lawful” reasons for university unfairness toward accused students. Samantha Harris of the Foundation for Individual Rights in finn Education detected the decision’s “immediate and nationwide impact” in a nurse several rulings against accused students. It also played the same role in university briefs that Saylor’s Brandeis opinion did in filings by accused students. The Columbia student’s lawyer, Andrew Miltenberg, appealed Furman’s ruling to the Second Circuit. The stakes were high, since a ruling affirming the lower court’s reasoning would have all but foreclosed Title IX lawsuits by finn thesis, accused students in essays on why to be New York, Connecticut, and Vermont. But a panel of three judges, all nominated by huck thesis, Democratic presidents, overturned Furman’s decision. In the opinion’s crucial passage, Judge Pierre Leval held that a university “is not excused from liability for to be a nurse, discrimination because the discriminatory motivation does not result from a discriminatory heart, but rather from a desire to avoid practical disadvantages that might result from essay unbiased action.

A covered university that adopts, even temporarily, a policy of bias favoring one sex over the other in a disciplinary dispute, doing so in order to avoid liability or bad publicity, has practiced sex discrimination, notwithstanding that the motive for the discrimination did not come from ingrained or permanent bias against that particular sex.” Before the Columbia decision, courts almost always had rebuffed Title IX pleadings from accused students. More recently, judges have allowed Title IX claims to essays to be a nurse proceed against Amherst, Cornell, California–Santa Barbara, Drake, and Rollins. After the Second Circuit’s decision, Columbia settled with the accused student, sparing its Title IX decision-makers from having to testify at a trial. James Madison was one of the on showbiz, few universities to take a different course, with disastrous results. A lawsuit from an accused student survived a motion to dismiss, but the to be, university refused to settle, allowing the student’s lawyer to depose the essay, three school employees who had decided his client’s fate. One unintentionally revealed that he had misapplied the on why, university’s own definition of consent. Another cited the importance of the accuser’s slurring words on a voicemail, thus proving her extreme intoxication on the night of the alleged assault. It was left to the accused student’s lawyer, at essay in daily life a deposition months after the decision had been made, to note that the voicemail in question actually was received on a different night.

In December 2016, Judge Elizabeth Dillon, an Obama nominee, granted summary judgment to the accused student, concluding that “significant anomalies in essays to be the appeal process” violated his due-process rights under the Constitution. niversities were on paper the losing side of 36 due-process rulings when Obama appointee Catherine Lhamon was presiding over the Office for essays to be, Civil Rights between 2013 and 2016; no record exists of her publicly acknowledging any of them. In June 2017, however, Lhamon suddenly rejoiced that “yet another federal court” had found that students disciplined for research paper search, sexual misconduct “were not denied due process.” That Fifth Circuit decision, involving two former students at the University of Houston, was an essays, odd case for her to celebrate. The majority cabined its findings to robert lowell skunk hour the “unique facts” of the case—that the accused students likely would have been found guilty even under the fairest possible process. And the dissent, from Judge Edith Jones, denounced the procedures championed by Lhamon and other Obama officials as “heavily weighted in on why a nurse favor of finding guilt,” predicting “worse to come if appellate courts do not step in to protect students’ procedural due process right where allegations of quasi-criminal sexual misconduct arise.” At this stage, Lhamon, who now chairs the U.S. Commission on criticizing paper Civil Rights, cannot be taken seriously when it comes to questions of campus due process.

But other defenders of the essays on why a nurse, current Title IX regime have offered more substantive commentary about the university setbacks. Legal scholar Michelle Anderson was one of the few to huck finn thesis even discuss the due-process decisions. “Colleges and universities do not always adjudicate allegations of sexual assault well,” she noted in a 2016 law review article defending the Obama-era policies. Anderson even conceded that some colleges had denied “accused students fairness in disciplinary adjudication.” But these students sued, “and campuses are responding—as they must—when accused students prevail. So campuses face powerful legal incentives on both sides to essays on why address campus sexual assault, and to do so fairly and impartially.” This may be true, but Anderson does not explain why wrongly accused students should bear the financial and emotional burden of columbia mfa creative acceptance, inducing their colleges to implement fair procedures.

More important, scant evidence exists that colleges have responded to the court victories of wrongly accused students by creating fairer procedures. Some have even made it more difficult for wrongly accused students to sue. After losing a lawsuit in December 2014, Brown eliminated the right of to be, students accused of criticizing, sexual assault to have “every opportunity” to present evidence. That same year, an essays to be, accused student showed how Swarthmore had deviated from its own procedures in his case. The college quickly settled the lawsuit—and then added a clause to its procedures immunizing it from similar claims in the future. Swarthmore currently informs accused students that “rules of evidence ordinarily found in legal proceedings shall not be applied, nor shall any deviations from essay on mathematics life any of these prescribed procedures alone invalidate a decision.” Many lawsuits are still working their way through the on why to be a nurse, judicial system; three cases are pending at essay in daily life federal appellate courts.

Of the two that address substantive matters, oral arguments seemed to reveal skepticism of the university’s position. On July 26, a three-judge panel of the essays a nurse, First Circuit considered a case at Boston College, where the accused student plausibly argued that someone else had committed the sexual assault (which occurred on a poorly lit dance floor). Judges Bruce Selya and William Kayatta seemed troubled that a Boston College dean had improperly intruded on the hearing board’s deliberations. At the Sixth Circuit a few days later, Judges Richard Griffin and essay, Amul Thapar both expressed concerns about the University of Cincinnati’s downplaying the importance of cross-examination in campus-sex adjudications. On Why To Be A Nurse! Judge Eric Clay was quieter, but he wondered about the columbia acceptance, tension between the university’s Title IX and truth-seeking obligations. In a perfect world, academic leaders themselves would have created fairer processes without judicial intervention.

But in the current campus environment, such an approach is impossible. So, at least for the short term, the courts remain the best, albeit imperfect, option for students wrongly accused of to be, sexual assault. Meanwhile, every year, young men entrust themselves and their family’s money to essay institutions of higher learning that are indifferent to their rights and unconcerned with the injustices to which these students might be subjected. 1 After a district court placed that finding on essays on why to be a nurse hold, the university appealed to the Sixth Circuit. Choose your plan and pay nothing for six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on both our subscription plans. Put your intellectual life in columbia university writing rate order while you can. This offer is also valid for on why, existing subscribers wishing to purchase a gift subscription. Click here for more details. Review of 'Terror in France' By Gilles Kepel.

James Kirchick 2017-09-13. Kepel is particularly knowledgeable about the history and process of radicalization that takes place in his nation’s heavily Muslim banlieues (the depressed housing projects ringing Paris and other major cities), and huck thesis, Terror in France is informed by decades of fieldwork in these volatile locales. On Why! What we have been witnessing for more than a decade, Kepel argues, is the “third wave” of global jihadism, which is not so much a top-down doctrinally inspired campaign (as were the 9/11 attacks, directed from afar by the oracular figure of Osama bin Laden) but a bottom-up insurgency with an “enclave-based ethnic-racial logic of in daily life, violence” to it. Kepel traces the phenomenon back to 2005, a convulsive year that saw the second-generation descendants of France’s postcolonial Muslim immigrants confront a changing socio-political landscape. That was the year of the greatest riots in modern French history, involving mostly young Muslim men.

It was also the essays a nurse, year that Abu Musab al-Suri, the Syrian-born Islamist then serving as al-Qaeda’s operations chief in Europe, published The Global Islamic Resistance Call . This 1,600-page manifesto combined pious imprecations against huck the West with do-it-yourself ingenuity, an Anarchist’s Cookbook for the Islamist set. In Kepel’s words, the manifesto preached a “jihadism of proximity,” the brand of civil war later adopted by the Islamic State. It called for ceaseless, mass-casualty attacks in Western cities—attacks which increase suspicion and essays on why a nurse, regulation of Muslims and, in turn, drive those Muslims into criticizing paper the arms of violent extremists. The third-generation jihad has been assisted by two phenomena: social-networking sites that easily and widely disseminate Islamist propaganda (thus increasing the essays on why to be a nurse, rate of self-radicalization) and the so-called Arab Spring, which led to a research paper state collapse in on why a nurse Syria and Libya, providing “an exceptional site for columbia university mfa creative acceptance, military training and propaganda only essays a few hours’ flight from Europe, and at a very low cost.” Kepel’s book is not just a study of the ideology and tactics of Islamists but a sociopolitical overview of how this disturbing phenomenon fits within a country on the brink. For example, Kepel finds that jihadism is emerging in conjunction with developments such as the “end of industrial society.” A downturn in work has led to an ominous situation in which a “right-wing ethnic nationalism” preying on the economically anxious has risen alongside Islamism as “parallel conduits for expressing grievances.” Filling a space left by thesis, the French Communist Party (which once brought the essays to be, ethnic French working class and Arab immigrants together), these two extremes leer at each other from opposite research search sides of a societal chasm, signaling the potentially cataclysmic future that awaits France if both mass unemployment and Islamist terror continue undiminished. The French economy has also had a more direct inciting effect on jihadism. Overregulated labor markets make it difficult for young Muslims to get jobs, thus exacerbating the conditions of social deprivation and exclusion that make individuals susceptible to radicalization.

The inability to tackle chronic unemployment has led to widespread Muslim disillusionment with the left (a disillusionment aggravated by another, often glossed over, factor: widespread Muslim opposition to the Socialist Party’s championing of same-sex marriage). Essentially, one left-wing constituency (unions) has made the unemployment of another constituency (Muslim youth) the mechanism for maintaining its privileges. Kepel does not, however, cite deprivation as the sole or even main contributing factor to Islamist radicalization. One Parisian banlieue that has sent more than 80 residents to on why a nurse fight in skunk hour essay Syria, he notes, has “attractive new apartment buildings” built by a nurse, the state and features a mosque “constructed with the backing of the on mathematics in daily, Socialist mayor.” It is essays on why to be a nurse also the birthplace of well-known French movie stars of hour, Arab descent, and a nurse, thus hardly a place where ambition goes to die. “The Islamophobia mantra and the victim mentality it reinforces makes it possible to rationalize a total rejection of France and a commitment to jihad by making a connection between unemployment, discrimination, and French republican values,” Kepel writes. A Research! Indeed, Kepel is refreshingly derisive of the term “Islamophobia” throughout the essays, book, excoriating Islamists and their fellow travelers for “substituting it for anti-Semitism as the West’s cardinal sin.” These are meaningful words coming from Kepel, a deeply learned scholar of Islam who harbors great respect for the faith and its adherents.

Kepel also weaves the saga of jihadism into the ongoing “ kulturkampf within the French left.” Arguments about Islamist terrorism demonstrate a “divorce between a secular progressive tradition” and essay in daily, the children of the Muslim immigrants this tradition fought to defend. The most ironically perverse manifestation of this divorce was ISIS’s kidnapping of Didier Francois, co-founder of the civil-rights organization SOS Racisme . Kepel recognizes the essays to be, origins of this divorce in the “red-green” alliance formed decades ago between Islamists and elements of the columbia university mfa creative acceptance, French intellectual left, such as Michel Foucault, a cheerleader of the Iranian revolution. Though he offers a rigorous history and analysis of the jihadist problem, Kepel is generally at a loss for solutions. He decries a complacent French elite, with its disregard for genuine expertise (evidenced by the decline in institutional academic support for on why to be, Islamicists and Arabists) and the narrow, relatively impenetrable way in essay on mathematics life which it perpetuates itself, chiefly with a single school (the Ecole normale superieure) that practically every French politician must attend. Despite France’s admirable republican values, this has made the a nurse, process of assimilation rather difficult. But other than wishing that the public education system become more effective and inclusive at instilling republican values, Kepel provides little in the way of robert lowell skunk essay, suggestions as to how France emerges from this mess.

That a scholar of on why, such erudition and humanity can do little but throw up his hands and issue a sigh of despair cannot bode well. Research! The third-generation jihad owes as much to the political breakdown in on why France as it does to the meltdown in the Middle East. Defeating this two-headed beast requires a new and comprehensive playbook: the West’s answer to robert lowell skunk hour The Global Islamic Resistance Call. That book has yet to be written. Choose your plan and pay nothing for essays on why to be, six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on both our subscription plans. Put your intellectual life in order while you can. This offer is also valid for existing subscribers wishing to purchase a gift subscription.

Click here for writing acceptance rate, more details. Matthew Continetti 2017-09-13. resident Trump, in case you haven’t noticed, has a tendency to exaggerate. Nothing is “just right” or “meh” for him. Buildings, crowds, election results, and military campaigns are always outsized, gargantuan, larger, and more significant than you might otherwise assume. “People want to believe that something is the biggest and the greatest and on why a nurse, the most spectacular,” he wrote 30 years ago in criticizing The Art of the Deal . “I call it truthful hyperbole. It’s an innocent form of exaggeration—and a very effective form of essays, promotion.” So effective, in fact, that the thesis, press has picked up the habit.

Reporters and essays to be a nurse, editors agree with the president that nothing he does is ordinary. After covering Trump for more than two years, they still can’t accept him as a run-of-the-mill politician. Huck Finn Thesis! And while there are aspects of Donald Trump and his presidency that are, to say the least, unusual, the media seem unable to distinguish between the abnormal and significant—firing the FBI director in the midst of an investigation into one’s presidential campaign, for example—and the commonplace. Consider the fiscal deal President Trump struck with Democratic leaders in to be early September. On September 6, the president held an Oval Office meeting with Vice President Pence, Treasury Secretary Mnuchin, and congressional leaders of both parties. He had to find a way to research search (a) raise the debt ceiling, (b) fund the federal government, and (c) spend money on essays a nurse hurricane relief. The problem is that a bloc of House Republicans won’t vote for (a) unless the increase is accompanied by significant budget cuts, which interferes with (b) and (c). To raise the huck, debt ceiling, then, requires Democratic votes. And the debt ceiling must be raised. “There is zero chance—no chance—we will not raise the to be a nurse, debt ceiling,” Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said in August.

The meeting went like this. First House Speaker Paul Ryan asked for essay in daily, an 18-month increase in the debt ceiling so Republicans wouldn’t have to vote again on the matter until after the midterm elections. A Nurse! Democrats refused. Search! The bargaining continued until Ryan asked for a six-month increase. The Democrats remained stubborn. So Trump, always willing to kick a can down the road, interrupted Mnuchin to offer a three-month increase, a continuing resolution that will keep the on why to be a nurse, government open through December, and about $8 billion in hurricane money. The Democrats said yes. That, anyway, is what happened.

But the media are not satisfied to report what happened. They want—they need —to tell you what it means. And what does it mean? Well, they aren’t really sure. But it’s something big. It’s something spectacular. For example:

1. “Trump Bypasses Republicans to Strike Deal on Debt Limit and university mfa creative, Harvey Aid” was the headline of essays to be a nurse, a story for criticizing a research, the New York Times by essays to be a nurse, Peter Baker, Thomas Kaplan, and Michael D. Shear. “The deal to keep the government open and research paper search, paying its debts until Dec. 15 represented an extraordinary public turn for to be, the president, who has for much of his term set himself up on the right flank of the Republican Party,” their article began. Fair enough. But look at how they import speculation and opinion into robert lowell essay the following sentence: “But it remained unclear whether Mr. Trump’s collaboration with Democrats foreshadowed a more sustained shift in strategy by a president who has presented himself as a master dealmaker or amounted to just a one-time instinctual reaction of essays to be a nurse, a mercurial leader momentarily eager to poke his estranged allies.”

2. “The decision was one of the essay on showbiz, most fascinating and mysterious moves he’s made with Congress during eight months in office,” reported Jeff Zeleny, Dana Bash, Deirdre Walsh, and Jeremy Diamond for CNN. Essays To Be A Nurse! Thanks for essay on showbiz, sharing! 3. “Trump budget deal gives GOP full-blown Stockholm Syndrome,” read the headline of on why, Tina Nguyen’s piece for Vanity Fair . Criticizing! “Donald Trump’s unexpected capitulation to new best buds ‘Chuck and Nancy’ has thrown the Grand Old Party into a frenzy as Republicans search for explanations—and scapegoats.” 4. “For Conservatives, Trump’s Deal with Democrats Is Nightmare Come True,” read the headline for a New York Times article by Jeremy W. Peters and Maggie Haberman. “It is the scenario that President Trump’s most conservative followers considered their worst nightmare, and on Wednesday it seemed to come true: The deal-making political novice, whose ideology and loyalty were always fungible, cut a deal with Democrats.” 5. “Trump sides with Democrats on fiscal issues, throwing Republican plans into chaos,” read the Washington Post headline the day after the deal was announced. “The president’s surprise stance upended sensitive negotiations over a nurse the debt ceiling and research paper search, other crucial policy issues this fall and essays a nurse, further imperiled his already tenuous relationships with Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and House Speaker Paul Ryan.” Yes, the negotiations were upended. Robert Essay! Then they made a deal. 6. “Although elected as a Republican last year,” wrote Peter Baker of the essays on why a nurse, Times , “Mr. Trump has shown in the nearly eight months in huck office that he is, in many ways, the first independent to hold the presidency since the advent of the two-party system around the time of the Civil War.” The title of on why to be a nurse, Baker’s news analysis: “Bound to No Party, Trump Upends 150 Years of Two-Party Rule.” One hundred and fifty years? Why not 200?

The journalistic rule of thumb used to be that an article describing a political, social, or cultural trend requires at least three examples. Not while covering Trump. If Trump does something, anything, you should feel free to inflate its importance beyond all recognition. And stuff your “reporting” with all sorts of dramatic adjectives and frightening nouns: fascinating , mysterious , unexpected , extraordinary , nightmare , chaos , frenzy , and scapegoats . It’s like a Vince Flynn thriller come to life. The case for the significance of the budget deal would be stronger if there were a consensus about whom it helped. There isn’t one. At first the press assumed Democrats had won. “Republicans left the research paper search, Oval Office Wednesday stunned,” reported Rachael Bade, Burgess Everett, and Josh Dawsey of Politico . Essays To Be A Nurse! Another trio of Politico reporters wrote, “In the aftermath, Republicans seethed privately and distanced themselves publicly from the deal.” Republicans were “stunned,” reported Kristina Peterson, Siobhan Hughes, and essay, Louise Radnofsky of the Wall Street Journal . “Meet the on why, swamp: Donald Trump punts September agenda to December after meeting with Congress,” read the headline of Charlie Spiering’s Breitbart story.

By the following week, though, these very outlets had decided the GOP was looking pretty good. “Trump’s deal with Democrats bolsters Ryan—for now,” read the Politico headline on robert September 11. “McConnell: No New Debt Ceiling Vote until ‘Well into 2018,’” reported the Washington Post . “At this point…picking a fight with Republican leaders will only essays to be help him,” wrote Gerald Seib in the Wall Street Journal . “Trump has long warned that he would work with Democrats, if necessary, to fulfill his campaign promises. And Wednesday’s deal is a sign that he intends to follow through on that threat,” wrote Breitbart’s Joel Pollak. The sensationalism, the conflicting interpretations, the visceral language is research paper dizzying. We have so many reporters chasing the same story that each feels compelled to essays on why a nurse gussy up a quotidian budget negotiation until it resembles the Ribbentrop–Molotov pact, and essay in daily, none feel it necessary to apply to their own reporting the scrutiny and incredulity they apply to Trump. The truth is that no one knows what this agreement portends. Essays On Why To Be! Nor is it the essay, job of a reporter to divine the to be, meaning of research, current events like an augur of Rome.

Sometimes a cigar is just a cigar. And a deal is just a deal. Choose your plan and pay nothing for six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on both our subscription plans. Put your intellectual life in on why to be a nurse order while you can. This offer is also valid for existing subscribers wishing to purchase a gift subscription. Click here for lowell skunk essay, more details. Remembering something wonderful. Terry Teachout 2017-09-13. Not surprisingly, many well-established performers were left in the lurch by the rise of the new media. Moreover, some vaudevillians who, like Fred Allen, had successfully reinvented themselves for radio were unable to make the transition to TV.

But a handful of essays, exceptionally talented performers managed to move from columbia university mfa creative rate vaudeville to radio to TV, and none did it with more success than Jack Benny, whose feigned stinginess, scratchy violin playing, slightly effeminate demeanor, and on why to be, preternaturally exact comic timing made him one of the world’s most beloved performers. After establishing himself in vaudeville, he became the star of on mathematics, a comedy series, The Jack Benny Program , that aired continuously, first on radio and a nurse, then TV, from 1932 until 1965. Save for Bob Hope, no other comedian of criticizing, his time was so popular. With the on why to be, demise of nighttime network radio as an entertainment medium, the research, 931 weekly episodes of The Jack Benny Program became the province of comedy obsessives—and because Benny’s TV series was filmed in black-and-white, it is no longer shown in essays on why to be a nurse syndication with any regularity. Huck! And while he also made Hollywood films, some of which were box-office hits, only one, Ernst Lubitsch’s To Be or Not to to be a nurse Be (1942), is today seen on TV other than sporadically. Nevertheless, connoisseurs of comedy still regard Benny, who died in 1974, as a giant, and paper, numerous books, memoirs, and articles have been published about on why to be his life and art. Most recently, Kathryn H. Fuller-Seeley, a professor at the University of paper, Texas at Austin, has brought out Jack Benny and the Golden Age of Radio Comedy , the first book-length primary-source academic study of The Jack Benny Program and its star.

1 Fuller-Seeley’s genuine appreciation for Benny’s work redeems her anachronistic insistence on viewing it through the fashionable prism of gender- and race-based theory, and her book, though sober-sided to on why the point of essay, occasional starchiness, is often quite illuminating. Most important of all, off-the-air recordings of 749 episodes of the radio version of The Jack Benny Program survive in whole or part and on why to be, can easily be downloaded from the finn, Web. As a result, it is essays to be possible for people not yet born when Benny was alive to hear for themselves why he is still remembered with admiration and huck finn, affection—and why one specific aspect of his performing persona continues to fascinate close observers of the American scene. B orn Benjamin Kubelsky in Chicago in 1894, Benny was the son of Eastern European emigres (his father was from Poland, his mother from Lithuania). He started studying violin at on why a nurse six and had enough talent to pursue a career in music, but his interests lay elsewhere, and by the time he was a teenager, he was working in vaudeville as a comedian who played the violin as part of research, his act. Over time he developed into to be a nurse a “monologist,” the period term for what we now call a stand-up comedian, and huck finn, he began appearing in films in to be 1929 and on network radio three years after that. Radio comedy, like silent film, is essay on showbiz now an obsolete art form, but the program formats that it fostered in the ’20s and on why to be, ’30s all survived into the era of TV, and some of them flourish to this day. One, episodic situation comedy, was developed in large part by Jack Benny and his collaborators. Criticizing A Research! Benny and essays on why a nurse, Harry Conn, his first full-time writer, turned his weekly series, which started out as a variety show, into a weekly half-hour playlet featuring a regular cast of characters augmented by guest stars.

Such playlets, relying as they did on a setting that was repeated from week to week, were easier to write than the free-standing sketches favored by Allen, Hope, and other ex-vaudevillians, and by the late ’30s, the sitcom had become a staple of radio comedy. The process, as documented by Fuller-Seeley, was a gradual one. The Jack Benny Program never broke entirely with the variety format, continuing to feature both guest stars (some of whom, like Ronald Colman, ultimately became semi-regular members of the show’s rotating ensemble of players) and songs sung by Dennis Day, a tenor who joined the cast in skunk hour essay 1939. Nor was it the first radio situation comedy: Amos Andy , launched in 1928, was a soap-opera-style daily serial that also featured regular characters. Nevertheless, it was Benny who perfected the form, and his own character would become the prototype for countless later sitcom stars. The show’s pivotal innovation was to turn Benny and the other cast members into fictionalized versions of themselves—they were the stars of a radio show called “The Jack Benny Program.” Sadye Marks, Benny’s wife, played Mary Livingstone, his sharp-tongued secretary, with three other characters added as the self-reflexive concept took shape. Don Wilson, the stout, genial announcer, came on board in 1934. He was followed in 1936 by Phil Harris, Benny’s roguish bandleader, and, in 1939, by Day, Harris’s simple-minded vocalist. To this team was added a completely fictional character, Rochester Van Jones, Benny’s raspy-voiced, outrageously impertinent black valet, played by essays on why to be, Eddie Anderson, who joined the cast in 1938. As these five talented performers coalesced into a tight-knit ensemble, the jokey, vaudeville-style sketch comedy of the early episodes metamorphosed into finn thesis sitcom-style scripts that portrayed their offstage lives, as well as the making of the show itself. Scarcely any conventional jokes were told, nor did Benny’s writers employ the topical and essays, political references in mfa creative writing rate which Allen and Hope specialized.

Instead, the on why, show’s humor arose almost entirely from the close interplay of character and situation. Benny was not solely responsible for the creation of columbia mfa creative writing acceptance rate, this format, which was forged by essays on why to be a nurse, Conn and perfected by his successors. Instead, he doubled as the star and producer—or, to use the modern term, show runner—closely supervising the writing of the scripts and directing the performances of the other cast members. In addition, he and Conn turned the acceptance rate, character of Jack Benny from a sophisticated vaudeville monologist into the hapless butt of the show’s humor, a vain, sexually inept skinflint whose character flaws were ceaselessly twitted by his colleagues, who in to be a nurse turn were given most of the university, biggest laugh lines. This latter innovation was a direct reflection of Benny’s real-life personality. To Be! Legendary for his voluble appreciation of other comedians, he was content to respond to the wisecracking of his fellow cast members with exquisitely well-timed interjections like “Well!” and “Now, cut that out,” knowing that the comic spotlight would remain focused on the man of whom they were making fun and secure in the knowledge that his own comic personality was strong enough to let them shine without eclipsing him in the process.

And with each passing season, the fictional personalities of Benny and his colleagues became ever more firmly implanted in the minds of their listeners, thus allowing the writers to get laughs merely by alluding to their now-familiar traits. At the university mfa creative rate, same time, Benny and his writers never stooped to coasting on essays on why to be their familiarity. Even the funniest of the “cheap jokes” that were their stock-in-trade were invariably embedded in carefully honed dramatic situations that heightened their effectiveness. A celebrated case in point is the best-remembered laugh line in the history of life, The Jack Benny Program , heard in a 1948 episode in which a burglar holds Benny up on the street. “Your money or your life,” the on why a nurse, burglar says—to which Jack replies, after a very long pause, “I’m thinking it over!” What makes this line so funny is, of course, our awareness of Benny’s stinginess, reinforced by a decade and columbia acceptance, a half of constant yet subtly varied repetition. What is essays on why to be not so well remembered is that the line is paper heard toward the end of an episode that aired shortly after Ronald Colman won an Oscar for his performance in A Double Life . Inspired by essays on why a nurse, this real-life event, the writers concocted an elaborately plotted script in which Benny talks Colman (who played his next-door neighbor on the show) into letting him borrow the Oscar to show to Rochester. It is on his way home from criticizing a research paper this errand that Benny is essays on why held up, and the burglar not only essay on showbiz robs him of his money but also steals the essays on why a nurse, statuette, a situation that was resolved to equally explosive comic effect in robert essay the course of two subsequent episodes.

No mere joke-teller could have performed such dramatically complex scripts week after week with anything like Benny’s effectiveness. The secret of The Jack Benny Program was that its star, fully aware that he was not “being himself” but playing a part, did so with an actor’s skill. This was what led Ernst Lubitsch to cast him in To Be or Not to Be , in which he plays a mediocre Shakespearean tragedian, a character broadly related to but still quite different from the one who appeared on his own radio show. As Lubitsch explained to Benny, who was skeptical about his ability to carry off the to be, part: A clown—he is a performer what is doing funny things.

A comedian—he is a performer what is essay in daily life saying funny things. But you, Jack, you are an on why, actor, you are an essay, actor playing the part of a comedian and essays a nurse, this you are doing very well. To Be or Not to Be also stands out on showbiz, from the rest of Benny’s work because he plays an essays to be, identifiably Jewish character. The Jack Benny character that he played on radio and TV, by contrast, was never referred to huck finn thesis or explicitly portrayed as Jewish. On Why! To be sure, most listeners were in no doubt of his Jewishness, and not merely because Benny made no attempt in real life to conceal his ethnicity, of which he was by all accounts proud. The Jack Benny Program was written by Jews, and the ego-puncturing insults with which their scripts were packed, as well as the schlemiel-like aspect of Benny’s “fall guy” character, were quintessentially Jewish in style. As Benny explained in research paper search a 1948 interview cited by Fuller-Seeley: The humor of my program is this: I’m a big shot, see?

I’m fast-talking. I’m a smart guy. I’m boasting about on why to be how marvelous I am. I’m a marvelous lover. Robert Skunk Essay! I’m a marvelous fiddle player. Then, five minutes after I start shooting off my mouth, my cast makes a shmo out of me.

Even so, his avoidance of specific Jewish identification on the air is to be noteworthy precisely because his character was a miser. At a time when overt anti-Semitism was still common in America, it is remarkable that Benny’s comic persona was based in large part on robert essay an anti-Semitic stereotype—yet one that seems not to have inspired any anti-Semitic attacks on Benny himself. To Be! When, in 1945, his writers came up with the idea of an “I Can’t Stand Jack Benny Because . . . ” write-in campaign, they received 270,000 entries. Essay! Only three made mention of his Jewishness. As for the winning entry, submitted by a California lawyer, it says much about what insulated Benny from such attacks: “He fills the air with boasts and essays on why, brags / And obsolete, obnoxious gags / The way he plays his violin / Is music’s most obnoxious sin / His cowardice alone, indeed, / Is matched by rate, his obnoxious greed / And all the things that he portrays / Show up MY OWN obnoxious ways.” It is clear that Benny’s foibles were seen by his listeners not as particular but universal, just as there was no harshness in the razzing of his fellow cast members, who very clearly loved the Benny character in spite of his myriad flaws. So, too, did the American people.

Several years after his TV series was cancelled, a corporation that was considering using him as a spokesman commissioned a national poll to find out how popular he was. It learned that only 3 percent of the respondents disliked him. Therein lay Benny’s triumph: He won total acceptance from the American public and did so by embodying a Jewish stereotype from which the sting of prejudice had been leached. Far from being a self-hating whipping boy for on why to be, anti-Semites, he turned himself into WASP America’s Jewish uncle, preposterous yet lovable. W hen the bottom fell out of network radio, Benny negotiated the move to mfa creative rate TV without a hitch, debuting on the small screen in 1950 and bringing the essays to be, radio version of The Jack Benny Program to a close five years later, making it one of the very last radio comedy series to on mathematics life shut up shop. On Why To Be A Nurse! Even after his weekly TV series was finally canceled by CBS in 1965, he continued to star in well-received one-shot specials on lowell skunk hour essay NBC. But Benny’s TV appearances, for all their charm, were never quite equal in quality to his radio work, which is on why why he clung to the radio version of The Jack Benny Program until network radio itself went under: Better than anyone else, he knew how good the show had been. For the rest of his life, he lived off the accumulated comic capital built up by 21 years of weekly radio broadcasts.

Now, at long last, he belongs to the ages, and The Jack Benny Program is a museum piece. Yet it remains hugely influential, albeit at one or more removes from the original. From The Dick Van Dyke Show and The Danny Thomas Show to Seinfeld , Everybody Loves Raymond , and The Larry Sanders Show , every ensemble-cast sitcom whose central character is thesis a fictionalized version of its star is essays on why based on Benny’s example. And now that the ubiquity of the Web has made the radio version of his series readily accessible for the first time, anyone willing to make the modest effort necessary to seek it out is in criticizing a position to essays to be a nurse discover that The Jack Benny Program , six decades after it left the air, is still as wonderfully, benignly funny as it ever was, a monument to the talent of the man who, more than anyone else, made it so. Choose your plan and pay nothing for six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on both our subscription plans.

Put your intellectual life in order while you can. Acceptance Rate! This offer is also valid for existing subscribers wishing to purchase a gift subscription. Click here for more details. Review of 'The Transferred Life of George Eliot' By Philip Davis. Thomas L. Jeffers 2017-09-13.

The Transferred Life of George Eliot. Not that there’s any danger these theoretically protesting students would have read George Eliot’s works—not even the short one, Silas Marner (1861), which in an earlier day was assigned to high schoolers. I must admit I didn’t find my high-school reading of essays on why a nurse, Silas Marner a pleasant experience—sports novels for boys like John R. Tunis’s The Kid from Tomkinsville were inadequate preparation. I must confess, too, that when I was in graduate school, determined to study 17th-century English verse, my reaction to the suggestion that I should also read Middlemarch (1871–72) was “ What?! An 800-page novel by the guy who wrote Silas Marner ?” A friend patiently explained that “the guy” was actually Mary Ann Evans, born in 1819, died in research 1880. Essays To Be! Partly because she was living in sin with the literary jack-of-all-trades George Henry Lewes (legally and irrevocably bound to his estranged wife), she adopted “George Eliot” as a protective pseudonym when, in her 1857 debut, she published Scenes from Clerical Life . I did, many times over and with awe and delight, go on to read Middlemarch and the seven other novels, often in order to essay life teach them to college students. Students have become less and less receptive over the years. Forget modern-day objections to George Eliot’s complex political or religious views. Adam Bede (1859) and The Mill on the Floss (1860) were too hefty, and the triple-decked Middlemarch and essays a nurse, Deronda , even if I set aside three weeks for them, rarely got finished. The middle 20th century was perhaps a more a propitious time for appreciating George Eliot, Henry James, and other 19th-century English and lowell skunk hour essay, American novelists. Influential teachers like F.R.

Leavis at Cambridge and Lionel Trilling at Columbia were then working hard to a nurse persuade students that the study of a research paper, literature, not just poetry and drama but also fiction, matters both to their personal lives—the development of their sensibility or character—and to their wider society. The “moral imagination” that created Middlemarch enriches our minds by dramatizing the complications—the frequent blurring of essays to be, good and evil—in our lives. Columbia University Mfa Creative Acceptance Rate! Great novels help us cope with ambiguities and make us more tolerant of one another. Many of Leavis’s and Trilling’s students became teachers themselves, and for several decades the feeling of essays, cultural urgency was sustained. In the 1970s, though, between the leftist emphasis on literature as “politics by other means” and the deconstructionist denial of the possibility of any knowledge, literary or otherwise, independent of political power, the high seriousness of Leavis and life, Trilling began to fade. The study of George Eliot and her life has gone through many stages. Directly after her death came the sanitized, hagiographic “life and letters” by J.W. Cross, the much younger man she married after Lewes’s death.

Gladstone called it “a Reticence in three volumes.” The three volumes helped spark, if they didn’t cause, the long reaction against the Victorian sages generally that culminated in to be a nurse the dismissively satirical work of the Bloomsbury biographer and critic Lytton Strachey in his immensely influential Eminent Victorians (1916). Strachey’s mistreatment of his forbears was, with regard to George Eliot at least, tempered almost immediately by Virginia Woolf. Columbia University Writing! It was Woolf who in on why to be a nurse 1919 provocatively said that Middlemarch had been “the first English novel for adults.” Eventually, the critical tide against George Eliot was decisively reversed in the ’40s by Joan Bennett and Leavis, who made the inarguable case for her genuine and lasting achievement. That period of research paper, correction culminated in the 1960s with Gordon S. Haight’s biography and with interpretive studies by Barbara Hardy and W.J. Harvey. Books on George Eliot over the last four decades have largely been written by specialists for specialists—on her manuscripts or working notes, and on her affiliations with the scientists, social historians, and competing novelists of her day. The same is true, only more so, of the books written, with George Eliot as the on why, ostensible subject, to promote deconstructionist or feminist agendas. Biographies have done a better job appealing to the common reader, not least because the woman’s own story is inherently compelling. The question right now is whether a book combining biographical and essay on showbiz, interpretive insight—one “pitched,” as publishers like to say, not just at experts but at essays to be the common reader—is past praying for. Philip Davis, a Victorian scholar and an editor at Oxford University Press, hopes not. His The Transferred Life of George Eliot —transferred, that is, from her own experience into her letters, journals, essays, and columbia university mfa creative rate, novels, and beyond them into us—deserves serious attention.

Davis is conscious that George Eliot called biographies of essays to be, writers “a disease of English literature,” both overeager to discover scandals and research search, too inclined to substitute day-to-day travels, relationships, dealings with publishers and so on, for critical attention to the books those writers wrote. On Why! Davis therefore devotes himself to George Eliot’s writing. Alas, he presumes rather too much knowledge on the reader’s part of the day-to-day as charted in Haight’s marvelous life. (A year-by-year chronology at the front of the book would have helped even his fellow Victorianists.) As for George Eliot’s writing, Davis is determined to refute “what has been more or less said . . . in the schools of theory for the last 40 years—that 19th-century realism is conservatively bland and unimaginative, bourgeois and parochial, not truly art at all.” His argument for the richness, breadth, and art of paper, George Eliot’s realism—her factual and sympathetic depiction of poor and middling people, without omitting a candid representation of the rich—is most convincing. What looms largest, though, is the to be a nurse, realist, the woman herself—the Mary Ann Evans who, from the essay on mathematics, letters to the novels, became first Marian Evans the on why to be a nurse, translator and essayist and then later “her own greatest character”: George Eliot the finn thesis, novelist. Davis insists that “the meaning of that person”—not merely the voice of her omniscient narrators but the on why a nurse, omnipresent imagination that created the thesis, whole show—“has not yet exhausted its influence nor the larger future life she should have had, and may still have, in the world.” The transference of George Eliot’s experience into her fiction is unquestionable: In The Mill on essays on why the Floss , for example, Mary Ann is on mathematics life Maggie, and her brother Isaac is Tom Tulliver.

Davis knows that a better word might be transmutation, as George Eliot had, in Henry James’s words, “a mind possessed,” for “the creations which brought her renown were of the incalculable kind, shaped themselves in mystery, in some intellectual back-shop or secret crucible, and were as little as possible implied in the aspect of her life.” No data-accumulating biographer, even the most exhaustive, can account for on why a nurse, that “incalculable . . . On Mathematics Life! mystery.” Which is why Davis, like a good teacher, gives us exercises in “close reading.” He pauses to consider how a George Eliot sentence balances or turns on an easy-to-skip-over word or phrase—the balance or turn often representing a moment when the novelist looks at what’s on the underside of the cards. George Eliot’s style is subtle because her theme is subtle. Take D.H. To Be A Nurse! Lawrence’s favorite heroine, the adolescent Maggie Tulliver. The external event in The Mill on the Floss may be the girl’s impulsive cutting off her unruly hair to spite her nagging aunts, or the young woman’s drifting down the river with a superficially attractive but truly impossible boyfriend. But the real “action” is Maggie’s internal self-blame and self-assertion. No Victorian novelist was better than George Eliot at tracing the essay in daily life, psychological development of, say, a husband and wife who realize they married each other for shallow reasons, are unhappy, and on why, now must deal with the ordinary necessities of balancing the domestic budget—Lydgate and on mathematics in daily life, Rosamund in a nurse Middlemarch —or, in the same novel, the religiously inclined Dorothea’s mistaken marriage to the old scholar Casaubon. That mistake precipitates not merely disenchantment and an unconscious longing for love with someone else, but (very finely) a quest for a religious explanation of and guide through her quandary.

It’s the religio-philosophical side of George Eliot about which Davis is strongest—and weakest. Her central theological idea, if one may simplify, was that the God of the Bible didn’t exist “out there” but was a projection of the imagination of the criticizing a research, people who wrote it. Jesus wasn’t, in Davis’s characterization of her view, “the impervious divine, but [a man who] shed tears and suffered,” and died feeling forsaken. “This deep acceptance of so-called weakness was what most moved Marian Evans in essays on why to be her Christian inheritance. It was what God was for.” That is, the character of Jesus, and the dramatic play between him and his Father, expressed the human emotions we and George Eliot are all too familiar with. The story helps reconcile us to what is, finally, inescapable suffering. George Eliot came to this demythologized understanding not only columbia mfa creative writing rate of Judaism and Christianity but of all religions through her contact first with a group of intellectuals who lived near Coventry, then with two Germans she translated: David Friedrich Strauss, whose 1,500-page Life of essays a nurse, Jesus Critically Examined (1835–36) was for mfa creative writing acceptance rate, her a slog, and Ludwig Feuerbach, whose Essence of on why a nurse, Christianity (1841) was for her a joy. Also, in the search for the universal morality that Strauss and Feuerbach believed Judaism and Christianity expressed mythically, there was Spinoza’s utterly non-mythical Ethics (1677).

It was seminal for her—offering, as Davis says, “the intellectual origin for freethinking criticism of the life, Bible and for the replacement of religious superstition and dogmatic theology by pure philosophic reason.” She translated it into essays on why to be English, though her version did not appear until 1981. I wish Davis had left it there, but he takes it too far. He devotes more than 40 pages—a tenth of the whole book—to her three translations, taking them as a mother lode of ideational gold whose tailings glitter throughout her fiction. These 40 pages are followed by on showbiz, 21 devoted to essays to be a nurse Herbert Spencer, the Victorian hawker of theories-of-everything (his 10-volume System of Synthetic Philosophy addresses biology, psychology, sociology, and research search, ethics). She threw herself at essays to be a nurse the feet of this intellectual huckster, and research paper search, though he rebuffed her painfully amorous entreaties, she never ceased revering him. Alas, Spencer was a stick—the kind of philosopher who was incapable of essays on why to be a nurse, emotion.

And she was his intellectual superior in paper search every way. The chapter is largely unnecessary. The book comes back to life when Davis turns to on why to be George Henry Lewes, the man who gave Mary Ann Evans the essay in daily life, confidence to become George Eliot—perhaps the greatest act of loving mentorship in all of literature. Like many prominent Victorians, Lewes dabbled in on why all the arts and sciences, publishing highly readable accounts of them for a general audience. His range was as wide as Spencer’s, but his personality and writing had an irrepressible verve that Spencer could only have envied. Robert Skunk Essay! Lewes was a sort Stephen Jay Gould yoked to Daniel Boorstin, popularizing other people’s findings and concepts, and coming up with a few of his own. He regarded his Sea-Side Studies (1860) as “the book . Essays! . . which was to me the most unalloyed delight,” not least because Marian, whom he called Polly, had helped gather the research paper, data. Essays! She told a friend “There is so much happiness condensed in it!

Such scrambles over rocks, and peeping into clear pool [sic], and strolls along the pure sands, and columbia mfa creative writing, fresh air mingling with fresh thoughts.” In his remarkably intelligent 1864 biography of Goethe, Lewes remarks that the poet “knew little of the companionship of on why, two souls striving in essay life emulous spirit of loving rivalry to on why to be a nurse become better, to become wiser, teaching each other to soar.” Such a companionship Lewes and George Eliot had in spades, and some of Davis’s best passages describe it. Regrettably, Davis also offers many passages well below the standard of his best—needlessly repeating an already established point or obfuscating the obvious. Robert Essay! Still, The Transferred Lives is the most formidably instructive, and certainly complete, life-and-works treatment of on why to be a nurse, George Eliot we have. Choose your plan and pay nothing for six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on both our subscription plans.

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Homework, How Much Should Parents Do. The bane of essays on why, my existence is homework. The sheer volume of the homework assigned, the amount of “help” that many parents give their children, to the discomfort I feel in columbia university mfa creative acceptance, allowing my children to do their homework themselves, all these things stress me out to essays on why to be a nurse no end. The last one I finally let go when I realized I was not doing my children any favors by doing their work for them, even though deep down I feel as though I am judged when my children hand in less than perfect homework assignments. The phone rings. It is the mother of one of my son’s classmates. Have ya’ll figured out math problems 3 and 5 yet? Uh, I don’t know if my son has done finished yet.

Well, we can’t figure out what to do. My husband and I disagree on how to solve the huck finn problem. I was hoping you would know. And herein lies much of the problem that I see with homework. The parents are doing it, not the kids. Recently my 4th grade son had an extensive homework project that was supposed to be worked on over the period of a couple weeks. For a variety of reasons the project was way too difficult for a child that age to complete on their own. Essays To Be A Nurse? All of the parents I spoke with were essentially doing the university mfa creative writing project for their child.

When the assignment was done and turned in I was the only parent who spoke up and admitted that had I not helped the essays project would not, could not, have been done. Essay? I am not sure why none of the other parents were willing to essays to be admit this. Maybe they were afraid that it was only their child unable to do the work? I don’t know. It seems so much more intense than I remember from research paper search when I was a kid. My parents never helped me with homework or projects. School was always my job. Now with my own children I notice that parental involvement is essays on why to be, all but required. Lowell Skunk? And the line between helping and doing is blurred, at least for some parents.

For my own sanity, and the well being of my children, I refuse to essays on why outright do their homework, projects, or assignments. I am forever saying that I have already done 4th, 6th, 7th, fill-in the blank grade and columbia mfa creative acceptance I don’t need to do it again. I consider myself more of to be a nurse, a homework facilitator. These are my rules. I will provide an environment conducive to doing homework. For us this means no tv on school days, with the rare exception, and a hearty snack after school before the witching homework hour. I will provide all the paper search materials that they need to complete a project. This means I have scissors, glue sticks, markers, colored paper and poster board on hand.

I will be a sounding board for on why to be a nurse, ideas, mostly this applies to my oldest kids who are in essay on mathematics in daily life, high school and writing essays and papers. I will be as knowledgeable as I can about the subjects they are learning. When my older kids read novels, if they aren’t ones I have already read, I will read them also. A Nurse? This way I can discuss the essay on mathematics life books with them. If they are genuinely stumped on essays on why a nurse, a problem or concept I will help them look it up in their textbook. I will let them fail, so that they might succeed in the long run. The last one is the essay on showbiz most difficult for me. I suspect it is also the most difficult for a nurse, all parents which is why they get sucked in to doing their child’s homework. Criticizing A Research? None of on why to be, us likes to see our children do poorly at anything. My eldest son had a huge multi-disciplinary project due this week. He had known about finn thesis, this project for at to be a nurse, least a month and yet chose to wait until the essay on mathematics life night before it was due to begin working on it.

At 7pm that night he had asked me if I would help him. I don’t know, just help me. Well, once you write your essays I will be more than happy to read them over. But I’m not staying up all night. And I am not helping you write anything. It would have been easy to do the work for him, to write the essays, or to a nurse spoon feed him the answers.

I wanted to help him. Essay? I wanted him to on why a nurse get a good grade. Research Paper? I also want him to be capable, independent, and confident in his own abilities. In the end I went to bed and left him sitting at the kitchen table working. I was confident that it would be a good learning experience. It would teach him why he shouldn’t procrastinate. At 4am I went into the kitchen to get a drink and on why to be there sat my son, still working on his project. Criticizing A Research Paper? He did not go to essays on why a nurse bed for another hour. That morning as he left for university writing acceptance rate, school, tired and complaining, I asked him what he thought he could learn from this experience. I fully expected him to answer that he would begin working on his projects as soon as they were assigned and to be not put it off until the research paper search last possible minute.

Next time I will start as soon as I get home from school… or maybe even the day before that. Chris Jordan began blogging at Notes From the Trenches in 2004 where she writes about her life raising her children in essays to be a nurse, Austin, Texas. Chris Jordan began blogging at Notes From the Trenches in a research, 2004 where she writes about her life raising her children in Austin, Texas. Oh, she has seven of them. Yes, children.

Yes, they are all hers. No she’s not Catholic or Mormon. Though she wouldn’t mind having a sister-wife because holy hell the laundry never stops. Yes, she finally figured out what causes it. That’s why her youngest is almost 6. Yes, she has a television. She enjoys referring to herself in on why, the third person. If you would like to submit a question for Chris to answer publicly, please do so to adviceforparentsoftweens[at]gmail[dot]com. Sign up for essay on mathematics life, the web’s most entertaining (while informative) weekly newsletter on your pregnancy! Before I was a mom, I taught 9th grade for many years.

When this question came up, I always said that if the parent picked up a pencil to “help”, that was crossing the line. In the e-era, I’d say that if a parent is adding any content to a document, that’s crossing the on why to be line. I edit, and I help study for tests and quizzes. University Mfa Creative Writing Acceptance? Sometimes my older daughter can get herself worked into a lather over how much she “can’t do!” the homework, and in those (increasingly rare) instances, I will help her break down a problem/project into its component parts so she can breathe again. I was going to on why a nurse say I have *never* done a project for them, but it’s not true. When my older daughter was in 6th grade, she had an electricity project, where she made a game with a complex buzzer/light mechanism. My father helped her in the beginning stages, leaving her with an almost-unworkable framework. She fought and fought until it worked, but then, just as she was going to hour essay bed, it STOPPED working. My husband and I were up until 1 a.m. On Why? fixing it for her. But it was definitely the exception to paper the very strict rule. You are so right on with this!

“It seems so much more intense than I remember from to be when I was a kid. Essay? My parents never helped me with homework or projects. School was always my job. Essays To Be A Nurse? Now with my own children I notice that parental involvement is essay on mathematics in daily, all but required. Essays A Nurse? And the line between helping and doing is blurred, at least for some parents.”- YES.

I have 3 kids- 2 girls and a boy. The girls excel in school and I rarely if ever help them. The boy, well he struggles in school ( 3rd grade) and huck thesis its a whole different ball game. I am struggling with this very topic myself. I went to a french immersion elementary school, and none of my relatives spoke french, so they were not so much unwilling as they were unable to help me complete projects.

I was home schooled through middle school and I was very behind for a very long time simply because I didn’t dedicate myself to doing the on why to be a nurse work. Still, my parents never did my work for me. When I was 17 I went to finn live in a different country to train for a sport and I did correspondence. Nobody could help me, but my parents, over the phone, explained things in different ways, with different examples from the problems I needed to do, so that at the end of the day it was always my work. Learning that other people doing my schoolwork for me doesn’t teach my anything was one of the essays on why to be most important lessons of my life. If my parents had helped me I would have gone to university and been overwhelmed by essay on showbiz, the amount of essays on why a nurse, work with no help. As it turned out, I went to university and while everyone else spent freshman year drowning in research search, schoolwork, I was able to hold down a job and get all of my studies in, and I credit that to my parents leaving it up to me to do it. On Why A Nurse? Now that I am a mother of school aged children, my husband and research search I have decided to take a similar approach. It pays off in the end. I so agree with you – way too much parential involvement. I have 6 kids and live in a smallish town.

The teacher/principals all know that I won’t “do” my kids homework because I already graduated from the very same schools they’re attending – and I show them my diploma as proof! Kids need to succeed and fail on their own, and while I struggle with the failing part, I also know that is also a success for them, just a little different. I teach at the university level. Essays On Why To Be? I am constantly amazed by essay, the students who cannot even follow the directions for the simplest assignment. Essays To Be A Nurse? This is the essay life first time that these students have been on their own with schoolwork. On Why To Be? They are not prepared for the responsibility. Huck? This puts them at a great disadvantage compared to the students who have a sense of responsibility. Parents who do the work for their kids or even help them plan the work are doing them no favors. Alternatively asking elementary aged kids to complete a full day at school and a nurse then spend a couple hours on criticizing paper, homework is ridiculous. I’m a college student now, and my mother reads over essays on why to be my essays for columbia rate, spelling errors.

I also have friends do this for essays on why, me and in turn will do it for my friends. She does things like, goes with me to university mfa creative writing acceptance Goodwill to essays look at inspiration for research, my ceramics projects. But she doesn’t draw the sketches for me or sculpt the clay for me. I know some kids in my classes whose parents STILL do their homework. I also know one girl whose mother held her hand all through high school and sat at the table and essays to be helped her do all her work. Finn? When she got to college, her Mom stopped doing that…. That girl failed out. I second the opinion that asking kids to spend all day at school and essays on why then several hours on homework is serious overkill. Perhaps if parents start refusing to do their kids homework it will become more apparent that it’s too much. For example, in the case Chris mentions about the essay on showbiz 4th grade project. When my daughter starts school I intend to essays push back when I think the volume of homework is criticizing paper, excessive.

I don’t take my work home with me, why should she have to? I won’t do any homework for my girls, but if they want me to essays on why a nurse quiz them on a subject for an up-coming test, I will….IF they have already reviewed the subject. If I start asking them questions and it becomes clear that they haven’t even looked over their lesson, I send them back to their room to study it by themselves first. Wow, is this post timely. My second grader has a project to turn in (in addition to her daily hour of homework), and university mfa creative writing rate completely lacks the on why planning and organizational skills to do it alone. This has taken approximately 20 hours of work over the last couple of weeks. Completely inappropriate for her age, I think. It’s also frustrating when you don’t know what level of work the teacher expects. For my 10th grader I’ll help by finn, editing or give an occasional hint (Masters in English) on where to look in said reading /writing project. But I have rules – there MUST be a typewritten rough draft and prewriting essentials – like an outline and note cards – before I will edit and I will not edit the day off. I need it two days out.

I will mark grammar mistakes and offer advice on sentence wording (He’s AP/Pre AP and NONe of this is done at his school) and give ideas where to add what. For the younget two I’ll try to answer what questions I can only after there has been an attempt. With my middle son he had a project due on kites. we offered to help him with construction but he insisted on figuring out himself. When I took him to school I saw many kites that were amazing. He came home from school saying he got a 98 – the highest in his class – because his looked like he did it himself. A lesson for essays on why, both of lowell essay, us. What gets me is how many assignments they are given and how unclear the essays to be a nurse directions are. As a former high school English teacher, I spent a lot of time discussing “homework management” with parents. If you know your child is having issues staying organized and completing homework, maybe you need to work with your child at home to learn how to keep a weekly calendar.

Maybe you need to check your child’s homework every night for completion. Maybe you need to quiz him/her the night before a vocabulary test. Essay In Daily Life? But you don’t need to write the essay, answer the essays on why to be questions that go along with the book, etc. I had a couple of robert lowell hour essay, instances of very upset parents when an to be a nurse essay didn’t receive an A, and I suspected the hurt feelings were because the criticizing paper PARENT didn’t get an on why A on the essay they wrote for the child. It is huck finn thesis, a tough line to walk for parents, I know.

And it is also a tough line for teachers to walk in how to grade assignments that were so clearly not done by the student alone. I’d much rather receive a phone call from a parent to discuss why a child is incapable of on why to be a nurse, completing the research paper assignment than to receive an assignment completed by the parent. A friend of my son’s (in high school) has always refused to do his homework, with no consequences from the essays a nurse school or parents. Huck? His mother mentioned to me one day that she had to do a big project for her son that weekend since he hadn’t gotten it done. I asked why the heck she was doing her high school student’s homework. Her response: You don’t understand! If I don’t do it for him, he’ll fail! Side note from a teacher: when it’s more than obvious that you’ve done your kids work, guess what, I don’t grade it.

I drop it from the grade book and to be pretend it doesn’t exist. That doesn’t help your kid either. FYI, I know what your child’s handwriting looks like! When a parent does their children’s homework, they are essentially CHEATING! My son recently wrote his own college applications. They were not perfect. I was surprised to find out later that a neighbor “basically wrote” her daughter’s essays and didn’t think twice about paper search, it. In this case, the on why to be a nurse parent-written essays literally might take opportunities away from my son because the mom did the work – not the criticizing paper daughter. Parents doing their children’s work is a form of deception. It is a form of plagiarism. Basically your children takes the credit for the parent’s work (it doesn’t matter that they give permission for essays on why a nurse, them to a research paper do so – it is still plagiarism).

Please. Others can do what they want but I will always pitch in and help my child. Essays On Why A Nurse? And if that includes writing his essay or telling him the answers to huck finn math problems, that is fine with me. Because I have priorities. To Be A Nurse? My priority is that my child and I don’t fight over homework to the detriment of our relationahip. My priority is that my child NOT spend 4 hours every evening doing schoolwork and that he is able to columbia university mfa creative writing rate enjoy his weekends after he has worked hard all week and not spend them doing yet ANOTHER book report. Essays On Why To Be A Nurse? Do I think this is an search ideal arrangement? No. But in the face of essays, being overwhelmed with the amount of homework, I am not going to let a teacher or school determine the way my child lives his life and paper search I am not going to let them ruin his GPA. So what choice do i have? Maybe if teachers want children to do their own work they should assign an amount of work that the child CAN do on their own.

When my son was in FIRST GRADE he had assignments that involved purchasing tri-fold boards and typing up text to past on there. Essays On Why? I had him do the acceptance rate pasting and essays on why a nurse I did the rest. He is now in essay in daily life, high school. He learns (because I don’t go to school with him and I don’t do ALL his homework) but he also has time to essays on why a nurse read for pleasure, play sports, play piano and get to bed at a reasonable hour. So all of you can of course continue to force your child to put in hours of work and battle with them to the death and a research “teach them a lesson” (I love this because we were all taught that same “lesson” and yet still handed in college papers late didnt we. ), I will be my son’s support. And when they assign the recommended 10 minutes per essays on why, grade of homework then I will stop helping. Till then, he will have my help. Okay. It is extremely obvious that one of my students’ parents is writing his essays. Essay In Daily? But I feel like I can’t do anything about it.

I keep telling him that it’s not “his voice.” Trust me, when he errors a sentences it’s completely basic and then he tens in brilliantly expressed papers. He doesn’t deserve an on why to be a nurse “A.” I have kids struggling, working their tail off to pass. Their efforts far exceed this one kid. And parents, you’re not fooling anyone! Stop doing your kids homework, otherwise they’re not really learning anything!

What’s the point of all this if they grow up stupid? It’s going to catch up with them sooner or later. The parents are doing it, not the hour kids. True story! some of cmy kid’s classmates’s parents do moework for their kids to make them look more smart in eyes of teachers and other kids. Essays? I dont know whats wrong with these people. What motivates teachers to assign homework their students can’t do in the time allowed. It puts undue pressure on research paper search, students and parents, turning education into a competition.

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