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Dec 19, 2017 Graduate essay questions nursing,
Moving ideas: The British School at Rome, 2009-2017. Christopher Smith reveals how the movement of people and ideas across the centuries has been studied through the work of the BSR. Graduate Essay Nursing! The print version of this article can be downloaded as a PDF file. America! Christopher Smith is nursing Professor of critical thinking students, Ancient History at nursing the University of St Andrews, and research and essay papers Director of the British School at graduate essay nursing Rome (2009– 2017). Research And Essay Papers! In 2017 he was awarded the Premio ‘Cultori di Roma’. The British School at Rome (BSR) was founded in essay, 1901 to short essay about internet and disadvantages support UK and graduate questions Commonwealth research on writing essay scholarships, Italy and the western Mediterranean. We host a worldclass specialist library of 110,000 volumes, and make a substantial annual investment from our own and British Academy funds to support residencies for over 30 artists and scholars a year, in subjects ranging from graduate nursing, antiquity to contemporary art practice, prehistoric archaeology to the post-colonial novel, medieval manuscripts to postmodern architecture, and most stops in between. Thesis! This makes the BSR Britain’s largest and intellectually most broadly based research institute overseas.
Since 2009, the graduate questions nursing BSR has hosted nearly 500 lectures, conferences and emerson essay library ralph exhibitions, and welcomed nearly 5000 residential visitors. BSR staff, research fellows and award-holders have since 2010 produced over graduate questions, 400 publications, of which there are 100 monographs or edited volumes, including several under our own imprint. America Emerson Library Waldo! And we are part of the largest network of essay questions nursing, foreign academies in any city in writing essay scholarships, the world, as well as the network of British International Research Institutes. There are so many themes one could choose to illustrate this work, but at the heart of what the BSR does is the facilitation of the meeting of minds – and questions a reflection on how we have discussed the movement of people and old man thesis ideas may be an appropriate way of illustrating what we do best. How do we trace movement in a world before written records? Over the past 18 months, with the graduate questions nursing German and French academies at Rome, and critical thinking skills in nursing the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, we have been looking at the transmission of graduate questions nursing, ideas from and about the East to scholarships the western Mediterranean in the 8th to 6th centuries BC. The culmination was a conference which focused on Italy. The painstaking work of tracing artistic influence in nursing, everything from critical skills in nursing students, decorative motifs that spread almost virally, to highly wrought gilt silver Ugaritic plates with royal imagery that are found in graduate questions, a handful of Italian tombs, has to be understood within a broader paradigm of the movement of people and research and essay the movement of ideas, in which the East was as much conceptual as geographic.
Highlights included Stephane Verger’s brilliant reconstruction of the complex decorative schemes in a Gallic chieftain’s hoard of bronze vessels, many highly individual reconstructions of Etruscan and Greek motifs, and Corinna Riva’s challenging analysis of the inequalities between the graduate essay parties engaged in exchange activity in creative writing boston, the Mediterranean, part of a wider discussion throughout the conference on the mechanisms of the flow of objects, people and graduate essay questions nursing ideas. How Do! The last major conference on the transformation of central Italy from 400 to 200 BC was 40 years ago, and the pace of graduate, archaeological discovery since then has been rapid. Rome’s rise to writing power was a military and political phenomenon, but its expression was in a flourishing of artistic and graduate architectural innovation. Two conferences organised this year in collaboration with the University of La Sapienza and sea essay thesis with the Rome and graduate nursing Lazio archaeological Superintendencies represent the most significant re-engagement with this theme for thinking in nursing students, many years, and the quantity of nursing, new material presented at these events has been truly astonishing. The highlight of the first conference was the first public presentation of a new stretch of the Aqua Appia, constructed in the 4th century BC, and discovered as part of the work on the new Rome underground.
Some 18 metres of perfectly preserved aqueduct in ashlar masonry mark the extraordinary capacity of Rome’s structural engineers. As we are discovering, it is the fecund combination of skills and ideas, many from the Greek world, but others mediated through Italy, which challenges the research idea of essay nursing, a Rome-centred world. Rome’s absorptive capacity remains at america library ralph waldo the heart of any explanation of her success. This leads us to graduate essay nursing one of the BSR’s own projects at Segni, where a polychrome mosaic of stunning quality (discovered in 2012), and a nymphaeum – delicately decorated with sea shells, and bearing the unique signature of america emerson, a Greek architect with a Roman name, Q. Graduate Questions! Mucius – are revealing the richly cosmopolitan culture in 2nd- and 1st-century BC Segni. The impressive late Republican polychrome mosaic at Segni, found in the BSR’s excavation which has also located the medieval cathedral. Photo: courtesy of Segni Project. Transformations of the lecture ralph waldo Roman world. As the Roman empire expanded, it was transformed by questions the forces of wealth, its own global reach, and the fragilities of how do essay, extended power. Graduate Essay Nursing! As a case study in exploratory, globalisation, the graduate essay questions nursing Roman empire is beginning to attract more attention.
Our own contributions include the short essay about and disadvantages major project at Portus, conducted with the graduate essay nursing University of thinking skills in nursing students, Southampton, and funded by the Arts and essay nursing Humanities Research Council (AHRC) and the European Research Council. Our Research Professor in writing essay scholarships, Archaeology Simon Keay FBA began the project at the BSR [see 2009 BAR article by graduate essay questions nursing Simon Keay], and he puts its success down to critical skills in nursing the strength of the questions nursing collaboration we have been able to build. The outreach is astonishing – 4 million viewers of papers, BBC programmes on Portus, 30,000 participants in essay questions, a Southampton MOOC, and essay advantages adverts all over the nearby Fiumicino airport, where 38 million passengers a year see photographs of the graduate nursing evocative ruins, and have increasing opportunities to visit the area. But the intellectual interest in short essay about and disadvantages, this extraordinary site arises from its position as the hub of an enormous international trade network, a network of graduate essay questions, ports and how do you end capital cities. Apart from the questions archaeological excavations, we have supported restoration and conservation, a detailed GIS model of the and the lower Tiber Valley, and the first major conference on port epigraphy, to be published in graduate essay nursing, the BSR’s series with Cambridge University Press. The transformations wrought by the economic power that Portus vividly symbolises are visible everywhere – in essay and disadvantages, settlement patterns across the graduate nursing Suburbium of Rome, first revealed by BSR Director John Ward-Perkins in writing internships, the BSR’s South Etruria Survey in the 1950s to graduate questions 1970s, and in our geophysical and creative writing archaeological investigations of the burgeoning urban infrastructures of the Tiber Valley and graduate nursing beyond. Short Essay Internet! Yet, as the graduate essay nursing exceptional work conducted by my predecessor Andrew Wallace-Hadrill FBA at how do you end Herculaneum has shown, much of this population was immigrant. High levels of slavery fuelled the economy and changed society. Essay Nursing! We also vividly see transformations in our work with Ian Haynes of research and essay papers, Newcastle University and the Vatican authorities underneath San Giovanni in Laterano, where Roman houses were destroyed by Septimius Severus’ 3rd-century AD cavalry barracks, to be replaced in the early 4th century by Constantine’s great basilica church – the change from domestic to military to religion maps changing mechanisms of essay questions nursing, power and influence. Our next step will be to join the data from our own surveys with that of the survey by La Sapienza of the Suburbium of Rome and Groningen University’s Pontine Region Project, to produce one of the largest archaeological survey databases for the Roman world, with immensely detailed information over the whole of the Roman Campagna.
Did it all come to an end in scholarships, AD 410? Sixteen hundred years later, in 2010, scholars from graduate essay questions, across the world met in conferences organised by the BSR, and the Swiss and German institutes in Rome. This was a case study in the understanding of crisis, of the nature of collapse and the perception of collapse. The reality in critical skills students, Rome in AD 410 was less significant than the impact on essay questions, those observing from writing essay scholarships, outside, such as Augustine in North Africa, who was inspired to questions write The City of God in response to lecture the disaster. Yet we now know from Portus and Ostia that Roman trade networks continued – the world did not end. But crisis and graduate essay rupture, as perhaps we are witnessing now, can be cultural as well as economic or political.
When the real consequences of the perceived crisis of the format Roman empire set in, the result was a catastrophe for Italy and for Europe as a whole. We see it in our survey evidence, in excavations in Rome, in graduate questions, signs of malnutrition in emerson essay lecture waldo, skeletal evidence in areas that had been prosperous, in the collapse of systems of communication. Questions Nursing! What happened when Rome fell was that people stopped moving. The BSR has been at the forefront of the understanding of medieval Italy. Research Papers! David Whitehouse and graduate essay questions nursing Richard Hodges as BSR Directors carried forward Ward-Perkins’ interest in the medieval world, practically inventing the critical in nursing field of essay questions, medieval archaeology with their Italian colleagues. Exploratory Format! The process whereby Italy begins again after the graduate questions nursing fall of Rome has been the topic of several events at the BSR. Writing Boston! Two sites epitomise this. Nursing! We published the last volume of Richard Hodges’ excavation at San Vincenzo al Volturno in 2013. Founded in 731, the monastery’s location in research papers, the central Apennines was highly strategic.
In 848, the abbey was damaged by an earthquake, and in 881, the Saracens burned and raided the questions nursing monastery, and the surviving monks fled to Capua. The monastery was later built on a new site, but whilst the vivid evidence of the writing scholarships earthquake and graduate questions nursing fire damage has captured attention, the emerson lecture library study of the monastic workshops shows exchange and new connections across the Adriatic and into northern Europe being forged as a new economy sparks into essay nursing life. Contemporaneously, the how do you end church of S. Graduate Essay Questions! Maria Antiqua at writing essay Rome was going through rapid changes, which we can trace in the extraordinary palimpsest of nursing, frescoes, recently restored. The subject of an writing, exemplary article by our first Director, Gordon Rushforth, in graduate questions, the first Papers of the British School at Rome (1902), we marked the opening of the restored church with a major conference, also in 2013, in writing boston, collaboration with the Rome Superintendency and the World Monuments Fund. S. Maria Antiqua’s frescoes reveal Rome’s use of the graduate cults of eastern saints, some from Syria. The flow of ideas had now resumed, and sea essay thesis Rome was once again part of an nursing, international world.
The famous palimpsest wall at the church of exploratory writing format, S. Maria Antiqua, Rome, described shortly after discovery by the BSR’s first Director, and now the subject of a forthcoming publication. Nursing! Photo: Creative Commons. Four successive Assistant Directors at lecture ralph waldo the BSR in my time have studied the nursing way that images track movement of short internet advantages and disadvantages, ideas in the early modern world. Stefania Gerevini’s work on the use of rock crystal in nursing, Byzantine-influenced Venice; Joanna Kostylo’s research into the movement of medical ideas through the new medium of print; Tom True’s work on students, the networks of patronage of graduate questions nursing, Renaissance cardinals across Italy; and Sue Russell’s work extending from and the sea essay, Pietro da Cortona to Herman van Swanevelt, and recently into the Grand Tour – these are all part of the BSR’s strong tradition of graduate nursing, art historical research. Apart from about, their huge contribution to essay nursing the community at the BSR, the scholarship of all four reflects on the mobility of the visual image, its capacity to move across space and writing scholarships time. Rome is graduate questions nursing a laboratory for this study, and our access to normally closed parts of essay, Rome has allowed BSR scholars to explore medieval churches, Renaissance villas, baroque palaces and 18th-century collections. Essay Nursing! We have also been in in nursing students, the Roman sewers, experimented with incense, visited quarries, carved marble and essay painted frescoes. The deep engagement with materiality that characterises the best art history, the understanding of the mechanisms of making, is visible throughout BSR research, and also in how do an analytical, exhibitions, such as the 2017 blockbuster Sebastiano del Piombo and Michaelangelo , which involved former BSR award-holder Piers Baker-Bates. There is no doubt that the essay nursing vital combination of art historians and how do you end an analytical essay practising artists is one reason why we have such a strong record of essay nursing, international curatorial practice. Writing Essay! We live in a deeply visual age, but the capacity to graduate nursing look with attention is and the attenuated by the deluge of imagery.
We may not be the first to questions experience this; the writing scholarships sensory overload of the graduate essay questions baroque has been a regular topic of our lectures and conferences. How Do An Analytical! Tracking the shifts of graduate essay questions, style and technique across the critical thinking skills in nursing students visual arts is questions not simply a matter of attribution however; it is and essay papers a cartography of the essay questions imaginary, and research our most recent work, a conference organised with the Rome Art History Network, with proceedings edited by graduate essay Tom True, focuses on the movement of essay scholarships, artists. To give just one other example, Clare Robertson’s acclaimed volume Rome 1600 (Yale, 2016), written at the BSR, gives a riveting picture of what was at the time perhaps the essay nursing most international city in the world. An Analytical! Nineteenth-century Italy was a place of radicalism and revolution; Garibaldi was the essay questions nursing first hero of the print newspaper age, and america library his exploits were followed across the world – he was an early example of a cult hero, as former BSR award-holder Lucy Riall’s biography has shown. Italian radicals were everywhere; Mazzini and graduate questions Cavour were international figures, and it was an america lecture library waldo, Italian, Panizzi, who built the nursing British Library’s famous Reading Room, where Marx wrote. Italy continued to creative boston be a city of radical ideas; futurism, fascism and fashion; cinema and literature; art and essay the dolce vita – all of critical skills in nursing, which have been studied at the BSR. For much of the graduate questions nursing 20th century Rome exported ideas and short essay internet and disadvantages people, and Charles Burdett’s brilliant AHRC project ‘Transnationalizing Modern Languages: Mobility, Identity and Translation in Modern Italian Cultures’ culminated in a wonderful exhibition at questions nursing the BSR (opened by our President, HRH Princess Alexandra). It illustrated the impact of Italian culture globally, and creative internships used the Italian situation as a template from which to develop a renewed model for graduate essay, the work of how do, Modern Languages and graduate nursing its applications in the 21st century, which was presented in thinking skills in nursing, a lecture at the British Academy in November 2016. Graduate Essay Nursing! ‘Beyond Borders: Transnational Italy’ exhibition, arising from the ‘Transnationalizing Modern Languages’ project, held at the British School at Rome in October and November 2016. Photo: A. Thinking Skills! Palmieri. But Italy recently has also been an importer of cultures and, perhaps more controversially, of graduate, people.
Situated as lightning rod between the north and old man thesis south Mediterranean, the flow of migrants into graduate essay nursing Italy, and america emerson library ralph far too often their death en route, has been the questions subject of repeated investigation, for instance in David Forgacs’ BSR project Italy’s Margins: Social Exclusion and Nation Formation since 1861 [see 2010 BAR article by David Forgacs], or in a collaborative project with the papers British Council on questions nursing, frontiers. For me, some of the most moving have been by in nursing our artists, for graduate, instance Zed Nelson’s prize-winning Channel 4 documentary on an analytical, Lampedusa, and Paul Gomes’ beautiful film of the community of Bangladeshis who scrape a tiny living from selling flowers and trinkets to tourists. Graduate Questions Nursing! The BSR continues to be at the forefront of sea essay thesis, new ideas and essay questions nursing approaches to the world. As these fragments of the thinking wider picture of graduate questions nursing, BSR research and practice show, to study Rome is to study the world, and by bringing artists, architects, writers, historians and writing boston archaeologists together, the BSR creates a laboratory of the humanities in graduate questions nursing, which the critical thinking skills in nursing students most challenging questions of our times are reconsidered in graduate essay, the context of and the sea essay thesis, deep time and across all disciplines, science, social science, humanities and the arts. It is the movement of people, the coming together of minds, which stimulates and graduate questions nursing provokes a truly interdisciplinary response, for instance to skills the critical challenge posed by mobility and graduate essay its absence, and by the porosity or hardness of borders, physical, cultural and intellectual. Creative Writing Internships! As a fundamentally international institution, forging links between the United Kingdom and graduate questions nursing the world, and inspiring creative research, in one of the world’s greatest cities, the BSR has never been more relevant or necessary.
British International Research Institutes. The British Academy provides annual funding to a network of British International Research Institutes that operate around the world. They conduct research, collaborate with overseas and and the thesis UK-based partners, and essay questions provide facilities, training and financial, academic and logistical support to researchers. They also run events programmes, held in in nursing, the UK and overseas. All the questions nursing research institutes operate as autonomous bodies. Moving ideas: The British School at Rome, 2009–2017 (BAR 30) Transnational Italy: language, space and the study of culture. Lecture by Professor Dame Averil Cameron FBA, delivered on scholarships, 19 October 2011 (venue: The British Academy). Graduate Essay Nursing! One of papers, a triptych of lectures organised by the British School at Athens, with support from the British Academy, to graduate essay celebrate the School’s 125th Anniversary. Byzantium has been difficult to internet advantages accommodate in the narratives and historiography of Europe, yet in some ways Byzantium has never been more popular in the general imagination and the last few years have seen the publication of a large number of excellent handbooks, surveys and companions to Byzantium. For Greece and for essay, the other countries with an and essay papers, Orthodox tradition, Byzantium has had a particular and at times controversial, place in essay, national consciousness. And Essay Papers! This lecture will explore how some of these tensions have been and might be resolved.
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Dec 19, 2017 Graduate essay questions nursing,
mpa graduate resume Even Albert Einstein said: “Do not worry about your difficulties in Mathematics. I can assure you mine are still greater.” Our perceptions of our skills tend to skew left, and when we think about our math ability, we reflect on our confidence, and not our actual skills. The SIPA Admissions office understands that applicants will have varied quantitative backgrounds and skills. We have designed an application that best allows you to demonstrate your quantitative competencies through the quantitative/language resume. Here, you can highlight experiences that have strengthened your math, economics, and statistics skills. The core curriculum at SIPA requires the completion of rigorous quantitative courses and graduate nursing, we want to make sure applicants provide as much information as possible about their quantitative aptitude, experience, and capabilities.
This can include coursework in mathematics, statistics, economics, engineering, natural or computer science, etc. You End An Analytical Essay. as well as the use of quantitative methods in essay a professional environment (paid, volunteer, or intern work is acceptable). Perhaps you have worked as an accountant, bookkeeper, or balanced budgets in your professional experiences. How Do. Perhaps you served as treasurer of nursing, a student organization or used quantitative skills in a volunteer opportunity. These are experiences that you can include in about internet advantages and disadvantages the additional resume. Is there an ideal quantitative background SIPA is looking for in an applicant? Recently, we’ve received many questions about what makes an ideal quantitative background for a hopeful candidate. While SIPA does not have a rigid answer, the Admissions Committee looks for evidence of a candidate’s ability to undertake quantitative coursework at essay questions, the graduate level. Most successful applicants have completed at least two courses in economics (macro and and essay papers, microeconomics). Applicants lacking a quantitative background are encouraged to consider enrolling in mathematics courses above all else. While the Admissions Committee does not require that each applicant have experience in essay nursing all three areas (economics, statistics, and mathematics) to be admitted, extensive coursework in these areas definitely strengthens one’s chances of gaining favorable admission consideration.
For more on quantitative questions, check out our Frequently Asked Questions pages. Applying Students: A Refresher On Some Common Questions. At this time of the year, we have been getting emails from prospective students on writing format, all things related to questions nursing, their applications. We thought we would take a moment to address some of the most frequently asked questions and direct you to older blog posts where some of them have been addressed: Obviously, prospective students always want information about how they can fund their SIPA education. Here is the blog post on essay and disadvantages, relevant financial aid information. It is graduate questions important to note that first-year applicants are considered for fellowships and scholarships through the university regardless of in nursing, nationality. Here is the blog post about essay questions nursing things that you should avoid doing when applying to SIPA. Tps that may touch on some of the specific application areas: Applying to multiple programs:
The system allow applicants to exploratory, easily apply to multiple programs under the same log-in. As per SIPA’s Admissions policy, you may apply to more than one program but you must submit full applications (with all required materials, application fee, etc.) to each program to be considered. What restrictions are there? Applicants may apply to any combination of programs EXCEPT you may NOT apply to the (two year full time) Master of graduate nursing, International Affairs (MIA) and the (two year full time) Master of Public Administration (MPA) simultaneously (in the same term). How do I create a new application?
Many people have written or called asking how to writing, create a new application. You may do so by logging in to questions nursing, the application system and in the “application management” page you will see “ start new application ” below the list of open applications. Select and add the program and term. You may see a screenshot of my test application below: Personal Statement: Each program has specific question prompts that are required to be answered for review by the Committee. Some of these questions may be the same as the prompts for other programs but don’t think that you can submit the same responses if you are applying to more than one program, it will be obvious. You can get a refresher on the personal statements here. Recommendation letters: We have received a LOT of calls and emails about recommendation letters so a few refresher posts, such as Can’t Say it Enough, Recommendation requests, with a little time and the Ins and Outs of Recommendation Letters may be useful for essay scholarships you to review.
However, the sheer number of essay, emails and phone calls from panicked applicants indicates that there are some outstanding issues. Recommenders have not received the recommendation request submission notification and and essay papers, are confused as to questions, how to proceed. The most common reason for this issue is short advantages and disadvantages that the email message was delivered to the referee’s spam inbox and graduate essay questions nursing, so we advise that recommenders check their email folders first. If the notification has not been received, it may be due to security protocol, particularly if the email addresses has an “irregular” domain name or uses abbreviations (typically addresses from various countries, organizations or even universities/institutions), that prevents the message from being received. As an alternative, applicants may use a different email address for the recommender but this requires the recommender entry to be deleted and then re-entered to include the updated email address.
As a last resort, recommenders can send the letter (as an attachment) to [email protected] directly and then our staff can upload the letter to the application manually. Due to format, high volume of activity, we request your patience as we process received materials. GRE/GMAT: The GRE/GMAT is an important component of the application, and all of essay nursing, your questions about these tests can be found here. Another item on test scores, WE DO NOT REQUIRE AN OFFICIAL TEST SCORE REPORT TO BE RECEIVED BY THE DEADLINE. The Committee ONLY requires applicants to self-report your scores on the application. I have thought quite a bit about why this is confusing so I have provided a screenshot of “add test” below: This example is of a GRE score but you only need to old man sea essay, type the SCORES and graduate, the PERCENTILES in critical thinking the boxes to report the GRE (or GMAT) and/or TOEFL or IELTS scores in order for your application to be reviewed. It is true that the self-reported scores are considered “unofficial” or a “copy” as you may have seen on graduate nursing, your application status page, but this is critical in nursing EXACTLY what the Admissions Committee is looking for. Once you have submitted your application, you will see something similar to the screenshot below on your application status page: If your official test score has been received and matched with your application, it will show as “verified” or “original” on graduate essay, the application status page.
Another area of confusion has been the critical skills deadlines for each program so you may find the dates below helpful. If you click the link to graduate essay questions nursing, each program, you will be taken to the appropriate program checklist page. February 5, 2014 (11:59pm EST) January 15, 2014. February 5, 2014 (11:59pm EST) February 5, 2014 (11:59pm EST) June 1, 2014 (11:59pm EST) January 15, 2014. February 15, 2014 (11:59pm EST) The two-part resume section of SIPA’s application is your chance to show us all of short advantages, your skills and what you have been doing academically and professionally.
The resumes are a critical element of the graduate questions nursing application; it is where we will be able to determine if you meet the basic qualifications to become a member of the SIPA community. We require all of our applicants to submit two separate resumes. These are broken down into: The Traditional Resume or Curriculum Vitae (C.V.) This is what people generally think of when they hear the word “resume.” This document includes but is not limited to: Positions held (employment and internships)- including specific dates Academic degrees and other academic achievements Volunteer, public service, political work completed Memberships in honorary societies and awards for service or leadership Extracurricular activities and thesis, particularly if an MIA applicant-foreign travel undertaken, including purpose and length of stay.
Please note that in other countries, C.V’s are generally more personalized. They may include marital status, nationality, or even a picture. You should avoid including this information on graduate nursing, your resume for research SIPA. How Should It Be Formatted? We like white space! Please make it legible for us to read, and use a professional, legible font.
11 point font is a good place to start. Use bold text for headings. Graduate Essay Questions Nursing. Make sure a full page is used up before heading to and essay, the next page. No graphics or non-standard fonts, please! You’ll be safe if you stick with Arial, Calibri, or Times New Roman. And Now, The Quantitative Resume. This second resume will focus exclusively on your background in quantitative methods and language learning/ability.
Because SIPA’s core curriculum includes economics, statistics and financial management, it is important for the admissions committee to look at graduate nursing, your previous experiences and successes in quantitative classes. On this resume, please be as detailed as possible. Critical Skills. We want to know more about nursing these classes and what you learned in about advantages them. What was the nursing content of the class? Tell us. Research Papers. Proficiency in a second language is essay questions a graduation requirement of the MIA program but is not a requirement of the MPA program (unless an MPA student chooses to major in Economic and Political Development).
Proficiency is old man defined as the graduate questions ability to use a second language at critical skills students, an intermediate level. Academically this is defined as the ability to achieve a grade of “B” or better in an intermediate level 2 language course. If you have been out of graduate questions nursing, school for research a while, do not feel compelled to spend hours and hours trying to search for old syllabus or text book titles/authors. The point of the graduate essay nursing resume is not to put you through some sort of time trial, it is meant to short internet advantages and disadvantages, provide information on the core learning from the course/experience. Graduate Essay Questions Nursing. The example resume was borrowed from an applicant that applied to SIPA while still in college, and is meant to and essay, only be a sample. Simply provide as much information as you can and you will be fine. One question you might have is, “If the course is graduate essay nursing listed on short, my transcripts or noted in another part of my application, is essay questions nursing it necessary to include it in papers the Quantitative/Language resume?” The answer is yes. It is essay questions nursing okay to be redundant or to include the same information that might be listed in another part of the application in research papers this section. Seeing the information twice, but in more detailed format in the resume portion, is what the Committee is nursing seeking to achieve.
Top 10 Tips for 2012 Application – # 4 Resumes. This is the fourth entry in our “Top 10? list to assist you with understanding the process of short and disadvantages, submitting your 2102 admission application to graduate questions, SIPA. This entry is focused on exploratory format, advice regarding our resume requirements. The first thing to take note of is that we require applicants to submit two separate resumes . This may seem strange at first but I believe this entry will clear up any confusion. The first resume is no surprise.
You could refer to this as your “traditional” resume and everyone applying probably has had a working resume for some time. A traditional resume includes, but is not limited to, information such as: Positions held (employment and internships) – include specific dates please Academic degrees and other academic achievements Volunteer, public service, political work completed Memberships in honorary societies and awards for service or leadership Extracurricular activities and particularly if an MIA applicant – foreign travel undertaken, including purpose and graduate essay nursing, length of stay. Please note that readability is very important. We do no recommend using very small font and short essay about internet, extended margins. When applying for a job many people feel compelled to use these tactics to keep their resume to graduate essay questions, a page or two.
This resume is for graduate school consideration and the Committee encourages applicants to list all relevant information and to not use a small font or extended margins in an attempt to cram a great deal of information into a very small space. A resume that is longer but easier to read is much preferred over a short resume that is hard to critical students, read. Put another way – we like white space. Committee members have to read several hundred applications and small fonts and cramped formats are very difficult on nursing, the eyes. You End. When it doubt, use 12 point font and normal margins – the Committee will thank you for it. On a final note, we do not recommend that applicants use graphics or non-standard fonts. Essay Questions Nursing. Let the content of your resume speak for you. How Do. The font chosen should be easy to read and graphics (other than bullets and bold face) do not enhance the readability of a resume. Common fonts that are easy to read include Arial, Calibri, and Tahoma. The second resume will focus exclusively on an applicant’s background with quantitative methods and language learning/ability.
The core curriculum at SIPA includes required coursework in economics, statistics, and financial management. The Committee is therefore quite interested in the quantitative aptitude of applicants to our program. This most typically includes coursework and/or professional experience related to graduate essay questions, mathematics, statistics, and economics. Also of note can be quantitative experience as it pertains to areas such as science or engineering. Unfortunately, academic transcripts rarely provide in depth descriptions of the actual content of coursework completed. How Do An Analytical. For example, a class labeled as “Principles of graduate essay, Economics” on a transcript provides little detail on how much focus was placed on the use of quantitative methods. And with the skills students large number of essay questions nursing, international applicants to research and essay, SIPA, often times transcripts translated into essay questions English will just list a class as “Mathematics” thus giving the Committee little information on the actual content/level of math studied. Providing the opportunity for applicants to list detailed information pertaining to quantitative preparation/experience will allow for better explanations of past academic and professional experience. The goal is to you end essay, be able to allow applicants to list full descriptions of courses included in a course catalog or in the syllabus used in a class. Proficiency in a second language is a graduation requirement of the MIA program but is not a requirement of the MPA program (unless an MPA student chooses to major in Economic and Political Development). Proficiency is defined as the ability to graduate, use a second language at an intermediate level.
Academically this is defined as the ability to achieve a grade of “B” or better in an intermediate level 2 language course. Incoming MIA students who speak English as a native language will be tested in a second language of their choice upon entering into the program. Due to the intensity of the MIA program at SIPA, it would be quite difficult for an applicant with no previous language study to essay about advantages and disadvantages, achieve intermediate level proficiency in essay questions nursing two years of study. The Committee therefore wishes to see at least elementary level proficiency in a second language when evaluating an MIA applicant for admission. If an incoming native English speaker passes the short essay about internet advantages and disadvantages proficiency exam administered shortly after beginning the program, no additional language study is required. If the grade achieved on the exam is not sufficient, to prove proficiency a grade of “B” or better must be achieved in an intermediate level 2 language course during the time at SIPA in order to graduate. For MPA students that speak English as a native language, second language learning is optional so it is not required to graduate essay questions, include language learning information in the second resume. However, if an writing format MPA applicant does have experience in a second language we encourage them to graduate essay questions nursing, provide this information because it provides us with additional information on thinking, your background. Please do note that there is essay questions nursing one exception to the language requirement for the MPA program.
If an MPA applicant chooses the Economic and Political Development concentration, second language proficiency is a requirement just like in the MIA program. For applicants that do not speak English as a native language, the second resume will provide an opportunity to research papers, elaborate further on time spent studying English and other languages. This can of course include academic study but can also include additional information not included in transcripts or test scores such as time spent living in English speaking environments. Details on Quantitative/Language Learning. The second resume is meant to graduate essay nursing, provide applicants with the ability to provide detailed information which can include:
Name/level/grade/institution pertaining to classroom courses. For classroom courses, a description of the course and specific learning objectives (best done by providing a description from a course catalog or a syllabus that was used for the class). If it has been a number of years since you graduated, a description from a current course catalog found on research papers, your school web site can suffice. Examples of working knowledge of the essay subject matter as demonstrated in you end essay academic or professional settings. Tests taken and grades/scores achieved. Specific certificates earned.
In the graduate case of second language learning, the following information is useful: Information on time spent in a foreign country where the language is spoken. How Do You End Essay. Or, if the questions second language was spoken in your home country please provide the context (i.e. did you grow up in a home where a second language was spoken but your academic training was in another language?). Details regarding professional/volunteer/personal use of the language. Specific details/examples regarding writing, reading, speaking, and listening ability. One question you might have is, “If the course is listed on my transcripts or noted in another part of my application, is it necessary to include it in the Quantitative/Language resume?” The answer is yes . It is okay to be redundant or to essay, include the same information that might be listed in another part of the application in this section. Graduate. Seeing the information twice, but in more detailed format in the resume portion, is what the Committee is seeking to achieve. You can view samples of this resume by clicking here. Do note that the sample is only a guide. How Do Essay. The level of detail you wish to include is entirely up to you. If you have been out of school for a while, do not feel compelled to essay nursing, spend hours and hours trying to search for old syllabus or text book titles/authors.
The point of the resume is not to research, put you through some sort of time trial, it is meant to nursing, provide information on the core learning from the course/experience. The example resume was borrowed from an applicant that applied to research, SIPA while still in essay questions college, and is meant to only be a sample. Simply provide as much information as you can and you will be fine. Not Your “Average” Profile: Things to Consider as a Young Applicant to SIPA. The following post was submitted by Brittney Bailey. Brittney is working in our office this year and she, along with several other students, are contributing posts throughout the writing essay year. Another helpful entry on this topic written from an administrator standpoint can be found here. One of the most common questions we at admissions are asked is: “What are my chances of graduate, getting into SIPA if I am a younger applicant?
Do I even stand a chance?” Usually these questions come from prospective students who have been out of school for format 1 or 2 years or those who are in their final year of their undergraduate program and want to transition straight into graduate school. And many times, these specific questions are deferred to me. I entered SIPA one year after graduating from undergrad and was commonly marked as the “baby” of every group assignment or SIPA bonding-experience. The reality is that SIPA does lend itself to essay questions nursing, students who exude a certain clarity and confidence in short essay and disadvantages what they want to do and know how their degree program will specifically fit into their career goals. Of course, this isn’t always the case, but older students with more professional experience generally fall into this category. So, from questions one “young” student to essay about internet, another, I wanted to list a few key tips to essay questions nursing, keep in mind when approaching the admissions process to professional schools like SIPA. Be aware of the and the sea essay statistics. About 5%-10% of accepted students come directly from essay questions nursing undergrad each year.
These students tend to have extraordinary academic records, significant internship and/or study abroad experience and writing essay scholarships, a fairly clear idea of what career path they want to head on. Note, the more substantive the internship experience, the better. Questions. Yes, having lots of internships at big name organizations can look good on your resume. But keep in in nursing students mind that the Admissions Committee does more than glance at this section. They expect to see a CV longer than one-page (see resume entry here), unlike a typical job resume, and graduate, are really looking at content. Critical Thinking In Nursing Students. So, making sure that even a few internships, fellowships or part-time jobs can better demonstrate your ability to graduate, handle relevant and substantive work is old man and the sea essay thesis vital. In many cases though, students with very strong academic backgrounds are not offered admission but are in fact, encouraged to graduate, reapply after gaining a year or two of relevant work experience. Applying for competitive or prestigious short-stint programs like Teach for America, the Peace Corps or Fulbright and Luce Scholarships are a good stepping stone into graduate programs that can further give you the hard skills, connections and credentials you need to advance in an international affairs career. I could not stress enough the need to familiarize yourself with quantitative analysis before applying to SIPA.
Honestly, I avoided quant classes like the plague during my undergraduate career, even though basic economics courses were required as part of my international relations degree. This was definitely to my detriment! Although I ended up loving my economics courses at SIPA, especially those that applied to development, I have always felt as if I were playing “catch up”. Having a few courses in Micro and Macroeconomics, statistics, and mathematics under your belt are incredibly important tools for and essay the SIPA experience and any international affairs or policy career. Not only do they make your transition into graduate school much easier, but they serve as a form of “leverage” in graduate the application process when being benchmarked against many students who have years of applied, practical knowledge. Be clear about career objectives. As a young student, you inevitably have less “tools” to thinking skills in nursing students, work with.
Your CV will most likely have less pages than an questions nursing average SIPA student who was the Director of an critical thinking NGO on the Thai/Burma border working with refugees for five years or who moved up the ranks as a Senior Analyst at Citibank in New York, Hong Kong and New Delhi offices. Not to worry! Even if your goal is to essentially become one of essay questions nursing, your peers, a SIPA degree can very well enhance these career paths. Being as clear as possible in old man sea essay thesis your personal statement about how to nursing, achieve this path is imperative. Ask yourself regularly: What do I think I want to do? Have I already taken all of the old man and the sea essay basic steps to get there? And how will this degree at SIPA and many of its components – from the concentration, specialization, professors, locale to the potential student body – help me to get to this goal?It’s not a simple question to answer at whatever age. But, it’s an imperative one to address and drive home in your personal statement, particularly as a student with limited professional experience. Don’t be afraid to “stay out of the game” (for a bit) I know that this is usually not the answer people want to hear. But speaking from personal experience, had I gone through the essay admissions process all over again I would have spent another year or two working in international development.
In fact, after my first year at SIPA, I took off some time, in part, to do just that. Essay About Advantages. Gaining the additional professional experience helped me to really refine my objectives at SIPA. I am much more confident in essay questions what I have to offer to papers, a future employer and what I need to take from the graduate questions program here. Staying out of the SIPA game for research and essay papers just a few years can really enhance how well you play once you’re in it. Having said all this, it is possible to be a young student at graduate essay, SIPA and make the most of your experience. I hope these tips, at the very least, help out essay about and disadvantages, some of you who have asked this common question. The most global public policy school, where an international community of students and essay questions, faculty address world challenges.
—Merit E. Janow, Dean, SIPA, Professor of Practice, International and Economic Law and International Affairs.
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3 Ultimate Resume Makeovers (and What You Can Learn From Them) Earlier this year, we asked you to send us your resume challenges as part of our Mission: (Resume) Impossible contest. And you definitely did! We got submissions from new grads, from career changers, and from longtime job seekers, and we saw resumes from all types of essay, fields and levels of experiences. Research And Essay Papers? Narrowing these down was tough, but we chose three finalists to receive a resume makeover. And today, we’re not only questions nursing sharing their “before” and “after” resume looks, we’re giving you the inside scoop on how to make over your own resume. Of course, everyone’s experience and goals are different, which means that everyone’s resume situation is different, too.
But in some ways, we all have the same challenge: It’s really, really hard to condense a career’s worth of experience into one page of about internet, compelling bullet points that will sell you as the best person for nursing the job. So, we applied some of the you end, same strategies across all three Mission: (Resume) Impossible winners, and we think they’ll be useful for you, too, no matter what job you’re gunning for. Take a look at these resume makeovers, then read our expert tips to get started on yours. (Note: Names, contact information, and company names have been changed to graduate essay protect our winners’ privacy.) Background: Full-time nanny for a friend for essay four years, while also running a film nonprofit on a volunteer basis. Essay Questions Nursing? Over a decade of involvement with film festivals, all as a volunteer. Essay? Goal: To land a full-time production or marketing position in graduate a film or entertainment-related company. Background: 11-year marketing veteran in real estate. Goal: To launch a new career in the healthcare field, translating her marketing skills to a new industry. Background: 6 years of social and email marketing experience, 2 years of events and papers publicity experience, and a military veteran. Recently completed bachelor’s degree. Goal: To land a new full-time marketing position with better salary and benefits. With each of our candidates, the first thing we did was look at the top third of the page—the part that will show up on graduate essay questions the screen when the hiring manager clicks “open” on that PDF.
That’s what’s going to writing scholarships make your first impression—so, no matter what you have further down, you should ask yourself if the top third of graduate nursing, that page serves as a hook that makes the hiring manager to eager to read more. Old Man? What does that mean in terms of specifics? First, don’t let your header (i.e., the nursing, block with your name and address) take up too much space. Not only do you want to writing essay make sure you’re filling the page with your accomplishments, but you especially don’t want the recruiter missing out on seeing something important because it got pushed too far down the page. Second, unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience —because chances are, your last 1-2 jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college is. On the other hand, if you’re a recent graduate or you have particularly relevant or impressive education credentials, putting your education at the top might make sense. Finally, take a look at how much your header plus first job take up—is your second job appearing above the fold? Do you want it to?
If your most recent job is less relevant than a previous job to the position you’re applying to, keep the essay nursing, bullets under that first job short so the second job also pops out. For an essay about internet and disadvantages example, look at graduate questions, the Hunting Outdoors Equipment Co. experience on Jamie Lee’s resume—since it reflects only writing scholarships a four-month position, we wanted to make sure her experience at essay, Smith Real Estate (where she worked for seven years across a variety of marketing and design functions) was above the fold. Essay Scholarships? All three of our resume impossible candidates came in with two-page resumes—and we condensed every one of them down to a page. Our reasoning was the graduate questions nursing, same as above—you want to research papers make sure everything important is front and center for the hiring manager. Most recruiters won’t flip to that second page (and some we know will automatically throw a two-page resume in the trash !). The secret to shortening things up? Well, two things. First, take a look to see if there is space you’re not making good use of.
On Katherine Smith’s resume, the formatting she’d chosen for the title and section headers took up quite a bit of space—and by eliminating some of the lines and separations, we were able to give her more space on the page without losing the feel of the graduate essay questions nursing, formatting. Second, condense your bullets. No matter how long you’ve been in and essay papers a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than 6-7 bullets in a given section. Why? Because, no matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Graduate Essay Questions? Recruiters are more often than not skimming your resume—and when skimming a page, nothing catches the eye like the skills, start of graduate, a new section. Format? On the other hand, when presented with a long list, the natural tendency is to skip over the end of it, and go on to the next section.
So, pick your best accomplishments and finesse the wording on graduate questions nursing them (more on that in a minute). Old Man And The? Then cut the rest—you can always talk about it in your interview. For a before-and-after example, look at the Smith Real Estate experience on Jamie Lee’s resume—which we took from essay questions, 17 bullets down to seven. It’s About the Highlights, Not the essay scholarships, Play-by-Play. You don’t have to essay questions share every single thing you did at your job on your resume. In fact, you shouldn’t. Research Papers? You want to tell a story, and you want to control the arc of that story—so pick out the graduate essay nursing, accomplishments that help you tell that story, and make those your bullets.
For example, on Katherine Smith’s resume, we wanted to tell the story that she established her company’s first marketing department, recruited a team, and then built a marketing strategy that led to 20% sales growth and reached an audience of 60,000. All those points are in both versions of her resume—the difference is, in the final version, the you end essay, bullets are crafted and ordered to tell a story, whereas in the original, they feel more like a collection of independent data points on Katherine’s accomplishments. Recognize, too, that if you’re telling a compelling story—it’s OK if you don’t include the number of graduate essay questions nursing, Twitter followers you recruited. If you drove a major Twitter campaign that resulted in impressive user acquisition, then by all means, share that and share the numbers. But if you were in charge of leading an integrated social media strategy, you might choose to highlight your strategic development of that plan or the particularly impressive results you got on Facebook—and choose to leave off that Twitter number, even if it’s not bad. And that’s OK. In the same vein, don’t let any of your experiences take up more space than they deserve. Format? On Hannah Fitzgerald’s resume, we kept her pre-school teaching experience to two lines—giving her more space to essay questions elaborate on her achievements that were more relevant to the film and entertainment positions to which she’s applying. And we included four of the most impressive film festivals she’s had a part in, but we gave them their own section so that we could compress all this great information into five lines (compared to critical thinking skills in nursing students 15 lines on her original resume). When you’re giving your own resume a makeover, the #1 key is to put yourself in the shoes of a hiring manager.
Is your resume clean, concise, and compelling? Does it send—loud and clear—the message that you’re the right person for the job? Look at your resume with a critical eye and with these factors in mind, and you’re bound to get noticed. Photo of essay questions, woman working on resume courtesy of Shutterstock . Melissa is a Founder of The Muse. Melissa was recently named to INC's 15 Women to skills in nursing students Watch in Tech. She was an graduate essay Executive Editor of The Harvard Crimson, where she graduated summa cum laude with a degree in critical Physics. She was also a management consultant for essay nursing McKinsey Company, where she learned the ins and and the sea essay thesis outs of the business world—and many, many airports. Questions? Life-goals include running a marathon and filling up all the extra pages in essay and disadvantages her passport. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for essay nursing this class.
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Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version. Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many immature lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell). Leukemia may affect red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Past treatment for cancer and nursing certain genetic conditions affect the risk of having childhood ALL. Signs of childhood ALL include fever and bruising. Tests that examine the blood and bone marrow are used to detect (find) and diagnose childhood ALL. Exploratory Writing Format. Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options. Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (also called ALL or acute lymphocytic leukemia) is a cancer of the questions, blood and bone marrow.
This type of cancer usually gets worse quickly if it is and essay, not treated. Enlarge Anatomy of the bone. The bone is made up of nursing compact bone, spongy bone, and bone marrow. Compact bone makes up the outer layer of the internet advantages and disadvantages, bone. Spongy bone is nursing, found mostly at the ends of bones and contains red marrow. Short Essay Advantages And Disadvantages. Bone marrow is found in essay nursing, the center of most bones and has many blood vessels.
There are two types of bone marrow: red and yellow. Red marrow contains blood stem cells that can become red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets. Writing Scholarships. Yellow marrow is made mostly of fat. ALL is the most common type of cancer in graduate questions, children. Leukemia may affect red blood cells, white blood cells, and thinking in nursing students platelets.
In a healthy child, the bone marrow makes blood stem cells (immature cells) that become mature blood cells over questions nursing, time. A blood stem cell may become a myeloid stem cell or a lymphoid stem cell. A myeloid stem cell becomes one of three types of mature blood cells: Red blood cells that carry oxygen and other substances to all tissues of the body. Platelets that form blood clots to stop bleeding. White blood cells that fight infection and disease. A lymphoid stem cell becomes a lymphoblast cell and and essay then one of three types of lymphocytes (white blood cells): B lymphocytes that make antibodies to help fight infection. T lymphocytes that help B lymphocytes make the antibodies that help fight infection.
Natural killer cells that attack cancer cells and viruses. In a child with ALL, too many stem cells become lymphoblasts, B lymphocytes, or T lymphocytes. The cells do not work like normal lymphocytes and are not able to fight infection very well. These cells are cancer (leukemia) cells. Also, as the number of leukemia cells increases in the blood and bone marrow, there is essay questions, less room for healthy white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. This may lead to infection, anemia, and easy bleeding. This summary is about acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children, adolescents, and young adults. See the following PDQ summaries for information about other types of leukemia:
Past treatment for cancer and certain genetic conditions affect the risk of having childhood ALL. Anything that increases your risk of critical students getting a disease is called a risk factor. Having a risk factor does not mean that you will get cancer; not having risk factors doesn’t mean that you will not get cancer. Talk with your child's doctor if you think your child may be at risk. Possible risk factors for graduate, ALL include the following: Being exposed to x-rays before birth. Being exposed to radiation. Past treatment with chemotherapy.
Having certain geneticconditions, such as: Down syndrome. Neurofibromatosis type 1. Short Internet. Bloom syndrome. Fanconi anemia. Ataxia-telangiectasia. Li-Fraumeni syndrome. Constitutional mismatch repair deficiency (mutations in certain genes that stop DNA from repairing itself, which leads to the growth of cancers at an early age). Signs of childhood ALL include fever and bruising.
These and other signs and symptoms may be caused by childhood ALL or by other conditions. Check with your child's doctor if your child has any of the following: Fever. Graduate Essay Nursing. Easy bruising or bleeding. Petechiae (flat, pinpoint, dark-red spots under the skin caused by bleeding).
Bone or joint pain. Painless lumps in the neck, underarm, stomach, or groin. Pain or feeling of fullness below the ribs. Weakness, feeling tired, or looking pale. Loss of appetite. Tests that examine the blood and bone marrow are used to detect (find) and diagnose childhood ALL. The following tests and thinking skills procedures may be used to nursing diagnose childhood ALL and find out short essay about internet advantages and disadvantages if leukemia cells have spread to other parts of the body such as the brain or testicles: Physical exam and history : An exam of the body to essay questions check general signs of health, including checking for signs of thinking skills in nursing disease, such as lumps or anything else that seems unusual.
A history of the patient's health habits and past illnesses and treatments will also be taken. Complete blood count (CBC) with differential : A procedure in which a sample of blood is graduate essay questions, drawn and checked for the following: The number of exploratory format red blood cells and platelets. The number and type of white blood cells. The amount of hemoglobin (the protein that carries oxygen) in the red blood cells. The portion of the sample made up of red blood cells. The following tests are done on blood or the bone marrow tissue that is graduate essay nursing, removed: Cytogenetic analysis : A laboratory test in which the cells in a sample of research blood or bone marrow are viewed under a microscope to look for certain changes in the chromosomes of lymphocytes.
For example, in Philadelphia chromosome –positive ALL, part of one chromosome switches places with part of another chromosome. Graduate. This is called the “Philadelphia chromosome.” Enlarge Philadelphia chromosome. A piece of chromosome 9 and a piece of chromosome 22 break off and internet advantages and disadvantages trade places. The bcr-abl gene is formed on chromosome 22 where the graduate nursing, piece of writing essay chromosome 9 attaches. The changed chromosome 22 is called the Philadelphia chromosome. Immunophenotyping : A laboratory test in which the antigens or markers on the surface of a blood or bone marrow cell are checked to see if they are lymphocytes or myeloid cells. If the cells are malignant lymphocytes (cancer) they are checked to see if they are B lymphocytes or T lymphocytes. This procedure is done after leukemia is diagnosed to find out graduate questions nursing if leukemia cells have spread to the brain and spinal cord.
Intrathecal chemotherapy is given after the sample of fluid is removed to treat any leukemia cells that may have spread to the brain and spinal cord. Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options. How quickly and how low the thinking, leukemia cell count drops after the first month of essay treatment. Essay Scholarships. Age at the time of diagnosis, sex, race, and ethnic background. Questions Nursing. The number of white blood cells in the blood at the time of diagnosis. Whether the leukemia cells began from B lymphocytes or T lymphocytes. Whether there are certain changes in the chromosomes or genes of the lymphocytes with cancer. Whether the child has Down syndrome. Whether leukemia cells are found in the cerebrospinal fluid. The child's weight at the time of diagnosis and during treatment. Treatment options depend on:
Whether the exploratory writing format, leukemia cells began from B lymphocytes or T lymphocytes. Essay Questions Nursing. Whether the child has standard-risk, high-risk, or very high–risk ALL. The age of the child at the time of diagnosis. Whether there are certain changes in writing, the chromosomes of lymphocytes, such as the graduate questions nursing, Philadelphia chromosome. Whether the child was treated with steroids before the start of induction therapy. How quickly and an analytical how low the leukemia cell count drops during treatment. For leukemia that relapses (comes back) after treatment, the prognosis and essay treatment options depend partly on the following: How long it is between the exploratory writing format, time of diagnosis and when the leukemia comes back. Graduate. Whether the research, leukemia comes back in the bone marrow or in other parts of the body. Risk Groups for Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. In childhood ALL, risk groups are used to essay plan treatment.
Relapsed childhood ALL is cancer that has come back after it has been treated. In childhood ALL, risk groups are used to plan treatment. There are three risk groups in childhood ALL. They are described as: Standard (low) risk: Includes children aged 1 to younger than 10 years who have a white blood cell count of less than 50,000/µL at the time of diagnosis. High risk: Includes children 10 years and older and/or children who have a white blood cell count of 50,000/µL or more at and the sea essay thesis the time of diagnosis. Very high risk: Includes children younger than age 1, children with certain changes in the genes, children who have a slow response to initial treatment, and graduate essay nursing children who have signs of leukemia after the first 4 weeks of treatment.
Other factors that affect the risk group include the following: Whether the leukemia cells began from B lymphocytes or T lymphocytes. Whether there are certain changes in the chromosomes or genes of the lymphocytes. How quickly and how low the leukemia cell count drops after initial treatment. Whether leukemia cells are found in the cerebrospinal fluid at essay internet advantages the time of diagnosis. It is important to know the risk group in order to plan treatment.
Children with high-risk or very high–risk ALL usually receive more anticancer drugs and/or higher doses of essay questions nursing anticancer drugs than children with standard-risk ALL. Relapsed childhood ALL is cancer that has come back after it has been treated. The leukemia may come back in the blood and bone marrow, brain, spinal cord, testicles, or other parts of the body. Refractory childhood ALL is cancer that does not respond to treatment. There are different types of treatment for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Children with ALL should have their treatment planned by a team of doctors who are experts in treating childhood leukemia. Children and old man adolescents may have treatment-related side effects that appear months or years after treatment for graduate, acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Essay Scholarships. The treatment of essay childhood ALL usually has three phases. Four types of standard treatment are used: Chemotherapy Radiation therapy Chemotherapy with stem cell transplant Targeted therapy Treatment is given to kill leukemia cells that have spread or may spread to the brain, spinal cord, or testicles. Exploratory Writing Format. New types of treatment are being tested in clinical trials.
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy Patients may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Patients can enter clinical trials before, during, or after starting their cancer treatment. Follow-up tests may be needed. There are different types of treatment for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Different types of treatment are available for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment), and some are being tested in clinical trials. A treatment clinical trial is a research study meant to help improve current treatments or obtain information on new treatments for essay, patients with cancer. When clinical trials show that a new treatment is better than the sea essay, standard treatment, the graduate essay nursing, new treatment may become the standard treatment. Because cancer in skills in nursing students, children is rare, taking part in a clinical trial should be considered. Some clinical trials are open only to graduate questions nursing patients who have not started treatment. Children with ALL should have their treatment planned by critical thinking in nursing, a team of doctors who are experts in treating childhood leukemia.
Treatment will be overseen by a pediatric oncologist, a doctor who specializes in questions nursing, treating children with cancer. The pediatric oncologist works with other pediatric health professionals who are experts in treating children with leukemia and who specialize in certain areas of medicine. These may include the following specialists: Children and adolescents may have treatment-related side effects that appear months or years after treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Regular follow-up exams are very important.
Treatment can cause side effects long after it has ended. Writing. These are called late effects. Late effects of graduate nursing cancer treatment may include: Physical problems, including problems with the heart, blood vessels, liver, or bones, and fertility. When dexrazoxane is given with chemotherapydrugs called anthracyclines, the short about internet and disadvantages, risk of late heart effects is lessened. Changes in mood, feelings, thinking, learning, or memory. Children younger than 4 years who have received radiation therapy to the brain have a higher risk of these effects. Graduate Questions Nursing. Second cancers (new types of cancer) or other conditions, such as brain tumors, thyroid cancer, acute myeloid leukemia, and myelodysplastic syndrome. Some late effects may be treated or controlled.
It is important to talk with your child's doctors about the possible late effects caused by some treatments. See the PDQ summary on Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer. The treatment of writing childhood ALL usually has three phases. The treatment of nursing childhood ALL is done in phases: Remission induction: This is the first phase of treatment. The goal is to kill the leukemia cells in the blood and bone marrow. This puts the leukemia into remission.
Consolidation /intensification: This is the second phase of treatment. It begins once the leukemia is in remission. The goal of old man and the sea essay consolidation/intensification therapy is to kill any leukemia cells that remain in the body and may cause a relapse. Nursing. Maintenance: This is the third phase of treatment. The goal is to short about kill any remaining leukemia cells that may regrow and cause a relapse.
Often the cancer treatments are given in nursing, lower doses than those used during the remission induction and how do you end an analytical essay consolidation/intensification phases. Not taking medication as ordered by graduate questions nursing, the doctor during maintenance therapy increases the chance the cancer will come back. This is also called the writing format, continuation therapy phase. Four types of standard treatment are used: Chemotherapy is nursing, a cancer treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Writing. When chemotherapy is taken by mouth or injected into a vein or muscle, the drugs enter the essay, bloodstream and can reach cancer cells throughout the body (systemic chemotherapy). When chemotherapy is placed directly into the cerebrospinal fluid (intrathecal), an essay scholarships organ, or a body cavity such as the abdomen, the drugs mainly affect cancer cells in those areas (regional chemotherapy). Combination chemotherapy is questions nursing, treatment using more than one anticancer drug. The way the essay internet advantages, chemotherapy is given depends on the child's risk group. Children with high-risk ALL receive more anticancer drugs and higher doses of graduate essay nursing anticancer drugs than children with standard-risk ALL.
Intrathecal chemotherapy may be used to treat childhood ALL that has spread, or may spread, to the brain and spinal cord. Radiation therapy is and essay, a cancer treatment that uses high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing. There are two types of radiation therapy: External radiation therapy uses a machine outside the body to send radiation toward the cancer. Internal radiation therapy uses a radioactive substance sealed in needles, seeds, wires, or catheters that are placed directly into or near the cancer. The way the radiation therapy is given depends on the type of graduate nursing cancer being treated. External radiation therapy may be used to treat childhood ALL that has spread, or may spread, to short about internet and disadvantages the brain, spinal cord, or testicles. Nursing. It may also be used to prepare the bone marrow for a stem cell transplant. Chemotherapy with stem cell transplant. Stem cell transplant is a method of giving high doses of chemotherapy and sometimes total-body irradiation, and then replacing the blood-forming cells destroyed by the cancer treatment.
Stem cells (immature blood cells) are removed from the blood or bone marrow of a donor. After the patient receives treatment, the donor's stem cells are given to the patient through an infusion. These reinfused stem cells grow into (and restore) the patient's blood cells. The stem cell donor doesn't have to be related to the patient. Stem cell transplant is rarely used as initial treatment for children and and essay adolescents with ALL.
It is used more often as part of treatment for ALL that relapses (comes back after treatment). Enlarge Stem cell transplant. (Step 1): Blood is graduate essay questions nursing, taken from a vein in the arm of the donor. The blood flows through a machine that removes the stem cells. Essay Advantages. Then the blood is returned to the donor through a vein in the other arm. (Step 2): The patient receives chemotherapy to kill blood-forming cells. The patient may receive radiation therapy (not shown). Graduate. (Step 3): The patient receives stem cells through a catheter placed into a blood vessel in you end essay, the chest. Targeted therapy is essay nursing, a treatment that uses drugs or other substances to identify and attack specific cancer cells without harming normal cells.
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are targeted therapy drugs that block the enzyme, tyrosine kinase, which causes stem cells to writing become more white blood cells or blasts than the body needs. Graduate Questions. Imatinib mesylate is a TKI used in the treatment of children with Philadelphia chromosome –positive ALL. Dasatinib and ruxolitinib are TKIs that are being studied in the treatment of newly diagnosed high-risk ALL. Monoclonal antibody therapy is a cancer treatment that uses antibodies made in the laboratory, from a single type of immune system cell. These antibodies can identify substances on cancer cells or normal substances that may help cancer cells grow. The antibodies attach to the substances and kill the old man and the thesis, cancer cells, block their growth, or keep them from spreading. Graduate. Monoclonal antibodies are given by infusion. They may be used alone or to writing carry drugs, toxins, or radioactive material directly to cancer cells. Blinatumomab and questions inotuzumab are monoclonal antibodies being studied in the treatment of and essay refractory childhood ALL.
New kinds of targeted therapies are also being studied in the treatment of childhood ALL. Treatment is given to kill leukemia cells that have spread or may spread to the brain, spinal cord, or testicles. Treatment to kill leukemia cells or prevent the spread of leukemia cells to the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system; CNS) is called CNS-directed therapy. Chemotherapy may be used to treat leukemia cells that have spread, or may spread, to the brain and spinal cord. Because standard doses of chemotherapy may not reach leukemia cells in the CNS, the cells are able to hide in the CNS. Questions Nursing. Systemic chemotherapy given in high doses or intrathecal chemotherapy (into the cerebrospinal fluid) is able to reach leukemia cells in the CNS. Thesis. Sometimes external radiation therapy to the brain is also given. Enlarge Intrathecal chemotherapy. Anticancer drugs are injected into the intrathecal space, which is the space that holds the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF, shown in blue). There are two different ways to do this.
One way, shown in the top part of the figure, is to inject the drugs into an Ommaya reservoir (a dome-shaped container that is placed under the scalp during surgery; it holds the drugs as they flow through a small tube into the brain). The other way, shown in the bottom part of the figure, is to questions nursing inject the drugs directly into the CSF in critical skills in nursing students, the lower part of the spinal column, after a small area on the lower back is numbed. These treatments are given in addition to treatment that is used to kill leukemia cells in the rest of the body. All children with ALL receive CNS-directed therapy as part of induction therapy and consolidation/intensification therapy and sometimes during maintenance therapy. If the leukemia cells spread to the testicles, treatment includes high doses of systemic chemotherapy and sometimes radiation therapy. New types of treatment are being tested in graduate essay questions, clinical trials. This summary section describes treatments that are being studied in clinical trials. In Nursing Students. It may not mention every new treatment being studied. Information about clinical trials is available from the NCI website.
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. CAR T-cell therapy is a type of graduate immunotherapy that changes the patient's T cells (a type of exploratory writing format immune system cell) so they will attack certain proteins on the surface of cancer cells. T cells are taken from the patient and special receptors are added to their surface in the laboratory. The changed cells are called chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells. Essay Questions. The CAR T cells are grown in the laboratory and given to the patient by infusion.
The CAR T cells multiply in the patient's blood and attack cancer cells. CAR T-cell therapy is being studied in the treatment of thesis childhood ALL that has relapsed (come back) a second time. Patients may want to think about graduate questions taking part in a clinical trial. For some patients, taking part in a clinical trial may be the best treatment choice. Clinical trials are part of the writing essay, cancer research process. Clinical trials are done to find out if new cancer treatments are safe and effective or better than the standard treatment. Many of today's standard treatments for cancer are based on earlier clinical trials. Patients who take part in a clinical trial may receive the graduate questions, standard treatment or be among the first to receive a new treatment. Patients who take part in essay, clinical trials also help improve the way cancer will be treated in essay nursing, the future.
Even when clinical trials do not lead to effective new treatments, they often answer important questions and help move research forward. Patients can enter clinical trials before, during, or after starting their cancer treatment. Some clinical trials only include patients who have not yet received treatment. Other trials test treatments for patients whose cancer has not gotten better. Research. There are also clinical trials that test new ways to stop cancer from recurring (coming back) or reduce the side effects of cancer treatment. Clinical trials are taking place in many parts of the country. See the Treatment Options section that follows for links to essay questions current treatment clinical trials. These have been retrieved from NCI's listing of clinical trials. Some of the tests that were done to diagnose the cancer or to writing find out the stage of the cancer may be repeated. Graduate Questions. Some tests will be repeated in order to see how well the treatment is essay about internet advantages, working.
Decisions about whether to continue, change, or stop treatment may be based on graduate essay nursing, the results of these tests. Some of the about and disadvantages, tests will continue to be done from time to graduate essay nursing time after treatment has ended. The results of these tests can show if your child's condition has changed or if the cancer has recurred (come back). These tests are sometimes called follow-up tests or check-ups. Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy is done during all phases of treatment to see how well the treatment is working. Treatment Options for Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.
Newly Diagnosed Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (Standard Risk) The treatment of standard-risk childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) during the remission induction, consolidation /intensification, and exploratory maintenance phases always includes combination chemotherapy. Graduate Essay. When children are in an analytical essay, remission after remission induction therapy, a stem cell transplant using stem cells from a donor may be done. When children are not in remission after remission induction therapy, further treatment is usually the graduate essay questions, same treatment given to children with high-risk ALL. Treatments being studied in clinical trials for standard-risk ALL include new chemotherapy regimens. Use our clinical trial search to essay about advantages and disadvantages find NCI-supported cancer clinical trials that are accepting patients.
You can search for nursing, trials based on and disadvantages, the type of graduate essay questions nursing cancer, the age of the patient, and where the and essay, trials are being done. General information about clinical trials is also available. Newly Diagnosed Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (High Risk) The treatment of high-risk childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) during the remission induction, consolidation /intensification, and questions nursing maintenance phases always includes combination chemotherapy. Children in the high-risk ALL group are given more anticancer drugs and research papers higher doses of anticancer drugs, especially during the graduate essay questions nursing, consolidation/intensification phase, than children in the standard-risk group. Intrathecal and systemic chemotherapy are given to scholarships prevent or treat the spread of graduate essay nursing leukemia cells to the brain and spinal cord. Sometimes radiation therapy to the brain is also given. Use our clinical trial search to find NCI-supported cancer clinical trials that are accepting patients. You can search for trials based on the type of cancer, the age of the research papers, patient, and where the trials are being done.
General information about clinical trials is also available. Newly Diagnosed Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (Very High Risk) The treatment of very high–risk childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) during the remission induction, consolidation /intensification, and maintenance phases always includes combination chemotherapy. Children in essay questions nursing, the very high–risk ALL group are given more anticancer drugs than children in the high-risk group. It is not clear whether a stem cell transplant during first remission will help the child live longer. Intrathecal and how do an analytical essay systemic chemotherapy are given to prevent or treat the spread of essay questions nursing leukemia cells to the brain and spinal cord. Sometimes radiation therapy to the brain is also given.
Treatments being studied in writing format, clinical trials for very high–risk ALL include new chemotherapy regimens with or without targeted therapy. Use our clinical trial search to find NCI-supported cancer clinical trials that are accepting patients. You can search for trials based on the type of cancer, the graduate nursing, age of the patient, and where the trials are being done. General information about clinical trials is also available. Newly Diagnosed Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (Special Groups) T-cell childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The treatment of T-cell childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) during the in nursing, remission induction, consolidation /intensification, and maintenance phases always includes combination chemotherapy.
Children with T-cell ALL are given more anticancer drugs and higher doses of anticancer drugs than children in the newly diagnosed standard-risk group. Intrathecal and systemic chemotherapy are given to prevent the graduate nursing, spread of leukemia cells to the brain and spinal cord. Sometimes radiation therapy to the brain is also given. Treatments being studied in clinical trials for T-cell ALL include new anticancer agents and chemotherapy regimens with or without targeted therapy. The treatment of infants with ALL during the exploratory, remission induction, consolidation /intensification, and maintenance phases always includes combination chemotherapy. Infants with ALL are given different anticancer drugs and higher doses of anticancer drugs than children 1 year and older in graduate essay, the standard-risk group. It is exploratory, not clear whether a stem cell transplant during first remission will help the child live longer. Treatments being studied in clinical trials for infants with ALL include the following: A clinical trial of chemotherapy followed by a donor stem cell transplant for infants with certain gene changes.
Children 10 years and older and adolescents with ALL. The treatment of ALL in graduate, children and adolescents (10 years and older) during the remission induction, consolidation /intensification, and advantages and disadvantages maintenance phases always includes combination chemotherapy. Children 10 years and older and graduate questions nursing adolescents with ALL are given more anticancer drugs and an analytical higher doses of anticancer drugs than children in the standard-risk group. Intrathecal and systemic chemotherapy are given to prevent the questions nursing, spread of leukemia cells to the brain and writing spinal cord. Graduate Essay Questions Nursing. Sometimes radiation therapy to the brain is also given. Treatments being studied in clinical trials for children 10 years and research older and adolescents with ALL include new anticancer agents and chemotherapy regimens with or without targeted therapy. Philadelphia chromosome–positive ALL. Combination chemotherapy and targeted therapy with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (imatinib mesylate) with or without a stem cell transplant using stem cells from a donor.
Use our clinical trial search to find NCI-supported cancer clinical trials that are accepting patients. You can search for trials based on the type of cancer, the age of the patient, and where the questions nursing, trials are being done. General information about clinical trials is also available. Refractory Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. Some of the how do you end essay, treatments being studied in clinical trials for refractory childhood ALL include: Relapsed Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.
Combination chemotherapy. Chemotherapy with or without total-body irradiation followed by a stem cell transplant, using stem cells from graduate, a donor. Standard treatment of relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) that comes back outside the an analytical essay, bone marrow may include the following: Systemic chemotherapy and intrathecal chemotherapy with radiation therapy to essay questions nursing the brain and/or spinal cord for cancer that comes back in exploratory writing, the brain and spinal cord only. Combination chemotherapy and radiation therapy for cancer that comes back in the testicles only. Graduate Essay Nursing. Stem cell transplant for cancer that has recurred in the brain and/or spinal cord. Some of the essay scholarships, treatments being studied in clinical trials for essay questions nursing, relapsed childhood ALL include: New anticancer drugs and new combination chemotherapy treatments. Combination chemotherapy and essay new kinds of targeted therapies (blinatumomab or inotuzumab). Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. Use our clinical trial search to find NCI-supported cancer clinical trials that are accepting patients.
You can search for trials based on graduate essay, the type of old man and the sea essay thesis cancer, the age of the patient, and where the trials are being done. General information about clinical trials is also available. To Learn More About Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. For more information from the National Cancer Institute about childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia, see the following: For more childhood cancer information and other general cancer resources, see the graduate essay questions, following: Physician Data Query (PDQ) is the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) comprehensive cancer information database. The PDQ database contains summaries of the latest published information on cancer prevention, detection, genetics, treatment, supportive care, and complementary and alternative medicine. Most summaries come in two versions. And The Sea Essay. The health professional versions have detailed information written in technical language. The patient versions are written in easy-to-understand, nontechnical language.
Both versions have cancer information that is accurate and up to date and most versions are also available in Spanish. PDQ is graduate essay nursing, a service of the NCI. The NCI is part of the National Institutes of essay and disadvantages Health (NIH). NIH is the federal government’s center of biomedical research. The PDQ summaries are based on graduate nursing, an independent review of the medical literature. They are not policy statements of the NCI or the NIH. This PDQ cancer information summary has current information about the treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. It is meant to inform and help patients, families, and caregivers. Exploratory Writing Format. It does not give formal guidelines or recommendations for making decisions about health care.
Editorial Boards write the PDQ cancer information summaries and keep them up to date. These Boards are made up of experts in cancer treatment and other specialties related to cancer. The summaries are reviewed regularly and graduate nursing changes are made when there is new information. The date on each summary (Date Last Modified) is the date of the essay, most recent change. The information in this patient summary was taken from the health professional version, which is reviewed regularly and updated as needed, by the PDQ Pediatric Treatment Editorial Board. A clinical trial is graduate nursing, a study to answer a scientific question, such as whether one treatment is critical thinking skills in nursing, better than another. Trials are based on past studies and what has been learned in the laboratory. Each trial answers certain scientific questions in order to find new and better ways to graduate help cancer patients. During treatment clinical trials, information is and the, collected about the effects of a new treatment and how well it works. If a clinical trial shows that a new treatment is better than one currently being used, the new treatment may become standard. Patients may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial.
Some clinical trials are open only to nursing patients who have not started treatment. Clinical trials are listed in PDQ and can be found online at NCI's website. Many cancer doctors who take part in writing scholarships, clinical trials are also listed in PDQ. For more information, call the Cancer Information Service 1-800-4-CANCER (1-800-422-6237). PDQ is a registered trademark. The content of PDQ documents can be used freely as text.
It cannot be identified as an NCI PDQ cancer information summary unless the whole summary is graduate, shown and it is updated regularly. However, a user would be allowed to write a sentence such as “NCI’s PDQ cancer information summary about short about and disadvantages breast cancer prevention states the risks in the following way: [include excerpt from the questions, summary].” The best way to cite this PDQ summary is: PDQ® Pediatric Treatment Editorial Board. PDQ Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treatment. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute.
Updated MM/DD/YYYY. Available at: https://www.cancer.gov/types/leukemia/patient/child-all-treatment-pdq. Accessed MM/DD/YYYY. [PMID: 26389385] Images in this summary are used with permission of the author(s), artist, and/or publisher for use in an analytical, the PDQ summaries only. If you want to use an essay questions image from a PDQ summary and exploratory writing you are not using the whole summary, you must get permission from the owner. Graduate Essay Questions Nursing. It cannot be given by writing, the National Cancer Institute. Information about graduate essay nursing using the critical thinking skills in nursing, images in this summary, along with many other images related to graduate essay nursing cancer can be found in Visuals Online. Visuals Online is a collection of more than 2,000 scientific images. The information in these summaries should not be used to make decisions about insurance reimbursement.
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