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If there are any unnecessary headings that do not match your profile, you have to english essay omit and delete them. You should refer to thesis sample resume for checking out statement in 3rd person how exactly to fill the ehrenreich cultural thesis data and information to report on creative writing look impressive. Baggage Thesis. what are two of the essay on post for kids Most Popular Resume Formats. Out of the four different types of resumes we listed above, chronological and functional are the baggage thesis most popular resume formats. Papers Activity Of Plants. Chronological resume formats are popular among freshers or those who have light experience of a couple of cultural baggage, years. Research Papers. On the ehrenreich cultural baggage other hand, functional resumes are popular among experienced professionals with at least experience of on workshop writing for students, working in ehrenreich baggage thesis, two and great essay opening lines, more companies. Freshers can also use it in case the candidate has diverse skills and has done many internships in the past.
There are multiple formats available in these two categories and ehrenreich cultural baggage thesis, one should download freshers and essay on post office, Experienced Resume Format Templates to ehrenreich baggage thesis have different variations to choose from. A chronological resume is the office for kids most used resumes in ehrenreich cultural thesis, the world. In a chronological resume, everything is antigone essay, listed from the cultural thesis recent to thesis the earliest format. For example, in academic background, your university degree would come first, followed by ehrenreich cultural baggage the college degree and essay for kids, then at last school qualification. Similarly, in work experience, your recent work would be listed and in ehrenreich cultural baggage, the end, you can have your internships. This is the most preferred Writer Resumes format by english research the employers as it is easy for them to ehrenreich get a snapshot of everything very quickly in on creative, their mind.
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Dec 19, 2017 Ehrenreich cultural baggage thesis,
George Orwell: ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four’ Newspeak was the official language of Oceania and cultural baggage, had been devised to meet the ideological needs of Ingsoc, or English Socialism. Ultrasonic. In the year 1984 there was not as yet anyone who used Newspeak as his sole means of communication, either in speech or writing. The leading articles in ehrenreich cultural baggage thesis the Times were written in it, but this was a tour de force which could only be carried out by a specialist. It was expected that Newspeak would have finally superseded Oldspeak (or Standard English, as we should call it) by about the essay on post office year 2050. Meanwhile it gained ground steadily, all Party members tending to use Newspeak words and grammatical constructions more and more in their everyday speech. The version in cultural use in in 3rd 1984, and embodied in the Ninth and Tenth Editions of the Newspeak Dictionary, was a provisional one, and contained many superfluous words and ehrenreich cultural baggage thesis, archaic formations which were due to be suppressed later. It is with the final, perfected version, as embodied in the Eleventh Edition of the Dictionary, that we are concerned here.
The purpose of Newspeak was not only to provide a medium of expression for the world-view and mental habits proper to the devotees of Ingsoc, but to make all other modes of thought impossible. Thesis Ultrasonic. It was intended that when Newspeak had been adopted once and for cultural baggage thesis all and activity of plants, Oldspeak forgotten, a heretical thought — that is, a thought diverging from the principles of Ingsoc — should be literally unthinkable, at cultural baggage thesis least so far as thought is dependent on thesis, words. Its vocabulary was so constructed as to give exact and often very subtle expression to every meaning that a Party member could properly wish to express, while excluding all other meanings and also the possibility of ehrenreich baggage arriving at them by indirect methods. This was done partly by the invention of new words, but chiefly by eliminating undesirable words and by stripping such words as remained of unorthodox meanings, and so far as possible of all secondary meanings whatever. To give a single example. The word free still existed in Newspeak, but it could only be used in such statements as ‘This dog is free from lice’ or ‘This field is free from weeds’. It could not be used in its old sense of ‘politically free’ or ‘intellectually free’ since political and intellectual freedom no longer existed even as concepts, and were therefore of necessity nameless. Quite apart from the suppression of definitely heretical words, reduction of vocabulary was regarded as an end in itself, and no word that could be dispensed with was allowed to survive. Newspeak was designed not to extend but to diminish the range of thought, and essay office for kids, this purpose was indirectly assisted by cutting the choice of words down to a minimum. Newspeak was founded on the English language as we now know it, though many Newspeak sentences, even when not containing newly-created words, would be barely intelligible to an English-speaker of ehrenreich cultural our own day. Newspeak words were divided into three distinct classes, known as the research activity A vocabulary, the B vocabulary (also called compound words), and the C vocabulary.
It will be simpler to discuss each class separately, but the ehrenreich cultural thesis grammatical peculiarities of the language can be dealt with in the section devoted to the A vocabulary, since the same rules held good for all three categories. The A vocabulary. Of Plants. The A vocabulary consisted of the words needed for the business of everyday life — for such things as eating, drinking, working, putting on one's clothes, going up and down stairs, riding in ehrenreich thesis vehicles, gardening, cooking, and the like. It was composed almost entirely of words that we already possess words like hit , run , dog , tree , sugar , house , field — but in comparison with the present-day English vocabulary their number was extremely small, while their meanings were far more rigidly defined. All ambiguities and shades of meaning had been purged out of them. Report On Workshop On Creative Writing. So far as it could be achieved, a Newspeak word of ehrenreich cultural this class was simply a staccato sound expressing one clearly understood concept.
It would have been quite impossible to use the A vocabulary for literary purposes or for political or philosophical discussion. It was intended only to express simple, purposive thoughts, usually involving concrete objects or physical actions. The grammar of essay office for kids Newspeak had two outstanding peculiarities. The first of these was an almost complete interchangeability between different parts of speech. Any word in the language (in principle this applied even to very abstract words such as if or when ) could be used either as verb, noun, adjective, or adverb. Between the verb and the noun form, when they were of the same root, there was never any variation, this rule of itself involving the destruction of many archaic forms.
The word thought , for example, did not exist in Newspeak. Its place was taken by think , which did duty for both noun and verb. No etymological principle was followed here: in some cases it was the original noun that was chosen for retention, in other cases the verb. Ehrenreich Baggage. Even where a noun and in 3rd person, verb of kindred meaning were not etymologically connected, one or other of ehrenreich cultural thesis them was frequently suppressed. There was, for example, no such word as cut , its meaning being sufficiently covered by the noun-verb knife . Adjectives were formed by on workshop for students, adding the cultural thesis suffix - ful to the noun-verb, and report for students, adverbs by ehrenreich cultural baggage, adding - wise . Thus for example, speedful meant ‘rapid’ and speedwise meant ‘quickly’. Certain of our present-day adjectives, such as good , strong , big , black , soft , were retained, but their total number was very small. There was little need for them, since almost any adjectival meaning could be arrived at by adding - ful to a noun-verb. None of the now-existing adverbs was retained, except for a very few already ending in - wise : the - wise termination was invariable. The word well , for example, was replaced by goodwise . In addition, any word — this again applied in essay on post principle to cultural every word in the language — could be negatived by adding the affix un -, or could be strengthened by essay, the affix plus -, or, for still greater emphasis, doubleplus -. Thus, for example, uncold meant ‘warm’, while pluscold and doublepluscold meant, respectively, ‘very cold’ and ‘superlatively cold’. It was also possible, as in present-day English, to modify the meaning of almost any word by ehrenreich baggage, prepositional affixes such as ante -, post -, up -, down -, etc.
By such methods it was found possible to bring about an enormous diminution of thesis vocabulary. Cultural Baggage. Given, for instance, the word good , there was no need for such a word as bad , since the required meaning was equally well — indeed, better — expressed by ungood . All that was necessary, in on workshop any case where two words formed a natural pair of ehrenreich baggage opposites, was to on antimicrobial decide which of ehrenreich baggage them to suppress. Dark , for example, could be replaced by unlight , or light by undark , according to on post preference. The second distinguishing mark of Newspeak grammar was its regularity. Subject to a few exceptions which are mentioned below all inflexions followed the same rules.
Thus, in all verbs the preterite and the past participle were the same and thesis, ended in - ed . The preterite of steal was stealed , the preterite of think was thinked , and topics english paper, so on throughout the language, all such forms as swam , gave , brought , spoke , taken , etc., being abolished. All plurals were made by adding - s or - es as the cultural baggage case might be. The plurals of man , ox , life , were mans , oxes , lifes . Comparison of adjectives was invariably made by adding - er , - est ( good , gooder , goodest ), irregular forms and on workshop on creative writing for students, the more , most formation being suppressed. The only classes of words that were still allowed to inflect irregularly were the pronouns, the relatives, the ehrenreich cultural baggage demonstrative adjectives, and the auxiliary verbs. All of these followed their ancient usage, except that whom had been scrapped as unnecessary, and the shall , should tenses had been dropped, all their uses being covered by will and report on workshop on creative writing for students, would . There were also certain irregularities in word-formation arising out of the need for rapid and cultural, easy speech. A word which was difficult to on post office utter, or was liable to be incorrectly heard, was held to be ipso facto a bad word: occasionally therefore, for cultural the sake of euphony, extra letters were inserted into a word or an archaic formation was retained. But this need made itself felt chiefly in connexion with the B vocabulary. Why so great an importance was attached to ease of pronunciation will be made clear later in this essay. The B vocabulary. The B vocabulary consisted of words which had been deliberately constructed for political purposes: words, that is to say, which not only had in thesis every case a political implication, but were intended to impose a desirable mental attitude upon the person using them. Ehrenreich Cultural Thesis. Without a full understanding of the principles of Ingsoc it was difficult to use these words correctly.
In some cases they could be translated into Oldspeak, or even into words taken from the A vocabulary, but this usually demanded a long paraphrase and always involved the loss of on post office certain overtones. The B words were a sort of verbal shorthand, often packing whole ranges of ideas into a few syllables, and at the same time more accurate and forcible than ordinary language. The B words were in all cases compound words (2) . Ehrenreich Cultural Baggage Thesis. They consisted of topics paper two or more words, or portions of words, welded together in an easily pronounceable form. The resulting amalgam was always a noun-verb, and inflected according to the ordinary rules. Cultural Baggage. To take a single example: the report on workshop word goodthink , meaning, very roughly, ‘orthodoxy’, or, if one chose to ehrenreich cultural baggage regard it as a verb, ‘to think in an orthodox manner’. This inflected as follows: noun-verb, goodthink ; past tense and past participle, goodthinked ; present participle, goodthinking ; adjective, goodthinkful ; adverb, goodthinkwise ; verbal noun, goodthinker . The B words were not constructed on any etymological plan. The words of which they were made up could be any parts of research papers on antimicrobial activity of plants speech, and could be placed in ehrenreich baggage thesis any order and mutilated in any way which made them easy to black english pronounce while indicating their derivation. Ehrenreich Baggage Thesis. In the word crimethink (thoughtcrime), for instance, the think came second, whereas in topics english research paper thinkpol (Thought Police) it came first, and in the latter word police had lost its second syllable. Because of the great difficulty in securing euphony, irregular formations were commoner in the B vocabulary than in the A vocabulary. For example, the ehrenreich baggage thesis adjective forms of Minitrue , Minipax , and Miniluv were, respectively, Minitruthful , Minipeaceful , and black english, Minilovely , simply because - trueful , - paxful , and - loveful were sliightly awkward to pronounce. In principle, however, all B words could inflect, and all inflected in exactly the ehrenreich cultural baggage thesis same way.
Some of the B words had highly subtilized meanings, barely intelligible to anyone who had not mastered the language as a whole. Consider, for example, such a typical sentence from a Times leading article as Oldthinkers unbellyfeel Ingsoc . The shortest rendering that one could make of this in Oldspeak would be: ‘Those whose ideas were formed before the Revolution cannot have a full emotional understanding of the principles of English Socialism.’ But this is not an thesis ultrasonic adequate translation. To begin with, in order to cultural thesis grasp the thesis full meaning of the Newspeak sentence quoted above, one would have to have a clear idea of what is meant by Ingsoc . Ehrenreich Baggage. And in addition, only a person thoroughly grounded in Ingsoc could appreciate the full force of the word bellyfeel , which implied a blind, enthusiastic acceptance difficult to imagine today; or of the word oldthink , which was inextricably mixed up with the essay idea of wickedness and decadence. But the cultural thesis special function of certain Newspeak words, of which oldthink was one, was not so much to express meanings as to destroy them. These words, necessarily few in number, had had their meanings extended until they contained within themselves whole batteries of words which, as they were sufficiently covered by a single comprehensive term, could now be scrapped and forgotten. Thesis Ultrasonic. The greatest difficulty facing the compilers of the Newspeak Dictionary was not to cultural invent new words, but, having invented them, to make sure what they meant: to make sure, that is to say, what ranges of words they cancelled by their existence. As we have already seen in report the case of the ehrenreich cultural baggage thesis word free , words which had once borne a heretical meaning were sometimes retained for the sake of convenience, but only report for students with the undesirable meanings purged out of them. Countless other words such as honour , justice , morality , internationalism , democracy , science , and religion had simply ceased to cultural baggage exist. A few blanket words covered them, and, in covering them, abolished them.
All words grouping themselves round the concepts of in 3rd liberty and equality, for instance, were contained in the single word crimethink , while all words grouping themselves round the concepts of objectivity and rationalism were contained in the single word oldthink . Greater precision would have been dangerous. What was required in a Party member was an outlook similar to that of the ancient Hebrew who knew, without knowing much else, that all nations other than his own worshipped ‘false gods’. He did not need to know that these gods were called Baal, Osiris, Moloch, Ashtaroth, and the like: probably the cultural less he knew about them the better for ultrasonic his orthodoxy. He knew Jehovah and the commandments of Jehovah: he knew, therefore, that all gods with other names or other attributes were false gods. In somewhat the same way, the party member knew what constituted right conduct, and in exceedingly vague, generalized terms he knew what kinds of departure from baggage thesis, it were possible. His sexual life, for example, was entirely regulated by the two Newspeak words sexcrime (sexual immorality) and goodsex (chastity).
Sexcrime covered all sexual misdeeds whatever. It covered fornication, adultery, homosexuality, and other perversions, and, in addition, normal intercourse practised for its own sake. There was no need to enumerate them separately, since they were all equally culpable, and, in english principle, all punishable by death. In the ehrenreich baggage C vocabulary, which consisted of scientific and technical words, it might be necessary to papers activity give specialized names to certain sexual aberrations, but the ordinary citizen had no need of them. He knew what was meant by cultural thesis, goodsex — that is to topics english research say, normal intercourse between man and ehrenreich baggage thesis, wife, for the sole purpose of office for kids begetting children, and without physical pleasure on baggage thesis, the part of the woman: all else was sexcrime . In Newspeak it was seldom possible to follow a heretical thought further than the perception that it was heretical: beyond that point the necessary words were nonexistent. No word in the B vocabulary was ideologically neutral. A great many were euphemisms. Topics English Paper. Such words, for instance, as joycamp (forced-labour camp) or Minipax (Ministry of cultural thesis Peace, i.e. Ministry of War) meant almost the exact opposite of what they appeared to mean. Ultrasonic. Some words, on the other hand, displayed a frank and contemptuous understanding of the real nature of Oceanic society.
An example was prolefeed , meaning the rubbishy entertainment and spurious news which the Party handed out to the masses. Other words, again, were ambivalent, having the ehrenreich cultural connotation ‘good’ when applied to the Party and ‘bad’ when applied to its enemies. But in addition there were great numbers of words which at first sight appeared to be mere abbreviations and which derived their ideological colour not from their meaning, but from their structure. So far as it could be contrived, everything that had or might have political significance of any kind was fitted into the B vocabulary. The name of every organization, or body of ultrasonic people, or doctrine, or country, or institution, or public building, was invariably cut down into the familiar shape; that is, a single easily pronounced word with the cultural thesis smallest number of syllables that would preserve the original derivation.
In the Ministry of on workshop for students Truth, for example, the cultural baggage Records Department, in which Winston Smith worked, was called Recdep , the Fiction Department was called Ficdep , the thesis ultrasonic Teleprogrammes Department was called Teledep , and ehrenreich cultural, so on. This was not done solely with the object of saving time. Even in the early decades of the twentieth century, telescoped words and phrases had been one of the essay office for kids characteristic features of political language; and it had been noticed that the tendency to use abbreviations of this kind was most marked in baggage totalitarian countries and thesis ultrasonic, totalitarian organizations. Examples were such words as Nazi , Gestapo , Comintern , Inprecorr , Agitprop . Ehrenreich Baggage Thesis. In the report on workshop on creative writing beginning the practice had been adopted as it were instinctively, but in cultural thesis Newspeak it was used with a conscious purpose. It was perceived that in ultrasonic thus abbreviating a name one narrowed and subtly altered its meaning, by cutting out most of the associations that would otherwise cling to ehrenreich cultural thesis it. The words Communist International , for on workshop instance, call up a composite picture of ehrenreich cultural thesis universal human brotherhood, red flags, barricades, Karl Marx, and the Paris Commune. Thesis Ultrasonic. The word Comintern , on cultural thesis, the other hand, suggests merely a tightly-knit organization and a well-defined body of doctrine. It refers to something almost as easily recognized, and as limited in purpose, as a chair or a table. Comintern is a word that can be uttered almost without taking thought, whereas Communist International is a phrase over ultrasonic, which one is obliged to baggage thesis linger at least momentarily. In the same way, the associations called up by a word like Minitrue are fewer and more controllable than those called up by research on antimicrobial of plants, Ministry of Truth . Ehrenreich Baggage Thesis. This accounted not only for the habit of abbreviating whenever possible, but also for essay the almost exaggerated care that was taken to make every word easily pronounceable.
In Newspeak, euphony outweighed every consideration other than exactitude of meaning. Thesis. Regularity of grammar was always sacrificed to it when it seemed necessary. And rightly so, since what was required, above all for political purposes, was short clipped words of unmistakable meaning which could be uttered rapidly and which roused the minimum of echoes in the speaker's mind. The words of the B vocabulary even gained in force from the fact that nearly all of them were very much alike. Black English Essay. Almost invariably these words — goodthink , Minipax , prolefeed , sexcrime , joycamp , Ingsoc , bellyfeel , thinkpol , and thesis, countless others — were words of thesis statement two or three syllables, with the ehrenreich cultural thesis stress distributed equally between the first syllable and the last. The use of them encouraged a gabbling style of speech, at once staccato and monotonous.
And this was exactly what was aimed at. The intention was to make speech, and topics for an english research, especially speech on any subject not ideologically neutral, as nearly as possible independent of consciousness. For the purposes of ehrenreich cultural baggage thesis everyday life it was no doubt necessary, or sometimes necessary, to reflect before speaking, but a Party member called upon to make a political or ethical judgement should be able to spray forth the of plants correct opinions as automatically as a machine gun spraying forth bullets. His training fitted him to do this, the ehrenreich baggage language gave him an almost foolproof instrument, and topics research, the texture of the words, with their harsh sound and a certain wilful ugliness which was in ehrenreich thesis accord with the spirit of Ingsoc, assisted the process still further. So did the fact of for kids having very few words to choose from. Relative to our own, the Newspeak vocabulary was tiny, and new ways of reducing it were constantly being devised. Newspeak, indeed, differed from most all other languages in that its vocabulary grew smaller instead of larger every year. Each reduction was a gain, since the cultural smaller the area of choice, the smaller the temptation to take thought.
Ultimately it was hoped to thesis person make articulate speech issue from the larynx without involving the higher brain centres at all. This aim was frankly admitted in ehrenreich cultural baggage the Newspeak word duckspeak , meaning ‘to quack like a duck’. Like various other words in ultrasonic the B vocabulary, duckspeak was ambivalent in ehrenreich cultural baggage thesis meaning. Provided that the opinions which were quacked out were orthodox ones, it implied nothing but praise, and when the Times referred to one of the orators of the Party as a doubleplusgood duckspeaker it was paying a warm and valued compliment. The C vocabulary. The C vocabulary was supplementary to the others and consisted entirely of scientific and technical terms.
These resembled the scientific terms in use today, and were constructed from the same roots, but the on workshop for students usual care was taken to define them rigidly and strip them of undesirable meanings. They followed the same grammatical rules as the words in the other two vocabularies. Very few of the C words had any currency either in everyday speech or in political speech. Any scientific worker or technician could find all the words he needed in the list devoted to his own speciality, but he seldom had more than a smattering of the words occurring in the other lists. Ehrenreich Cultural Baggage. Only a very few words were common to thesis all lists, and there was no vocabulary expressing the function of Science as a habit of mind, or a method of thought, irrespective of its particular branches. There was, indeed, no word for ‘Science’, any meaning that it could possibly bear being already sufficiently covered by the word Ingsoc . From the foregoing account it will be seen that in Newspeak the expression of baggage thesis unorthodox opinions, above a very low level, was well-nigh impossible. Activity. It was of course possible to utter heresies of ehrenreich baggage a very crude kind, a species of blasphemy. Black Essay. It would have been possible, for example, to ehrenreich say Big Brother is ungood . But this statement, which to thesis ultrasonic an orthodox ear merely conveyed a self-evident absurdity, could not have been sustained by reasoned argument, because the necessary words were not available. Ideas inimical to Ingsoc could only be entertained in a vague wordless form, and could only be named in ehrenreich baggage thesis very broad terms which lumped together and condemned whole groups of heresies without defining them in topics for an research paper doing so.
One could, in fact, only use Newspeak for unorthodox purposes by illegitimately translating some of the words back into Oldspeak. For example, All mans are equal was a possible Newspeak sentence, but only in the same sense in ehrenreich baggage which All men are redhaired is a possible Oldspeak sentence. It did not contain a grammatical error, but it expressed a palpable untruth — i.e. that all men are of equal size, weight, or strength. The concept of political equality no longer existed, and this secondary meaning had accordingly been purged out of the word equal . In 1984, when Oldspeak was still the on post normal means of communication, the danger theoretically existed that in using Newspeak words one might remember their original meanings. Ehrenreich. In practice it was not difficult for essay on post any person well grounded in ehrenreich baggage thesis doublethink to avoid doing this, but within a couple of generations even the ebonics english possibility of such a lapse would have vaished.
A person growing up with Newspeak as his sole language would no more know that equal had once had the secondary meaning of ehrenreich cultural ‘politically equal’, or that free had once meant ‘intellectually free’, than for instance, a person who had never heard of chess would be aware of the secondary meanings attaching to queen and rook . There would be many crimes and errors which it would be beyond his power to commit, simply because they were nameless and report on creative for students, therefore unimaginable. And it was to be foreseen that with the passage of time the distinguishing characteristics of Newspeak would become more and more pronounced — its words growing fewer and fewer, their meanings more and cultural baggage, more rigid, and the chance of putting them to improper uses always diminishing. When Oldspeak had been once and for all superseded, the last link with the past would have been severed. Ultrasonic. History had already been rewritten, but fragments of the literature of the ehrenreich baggage past survived here and on workshop on creative, there, imperfectly censored, and so long as one retained one's knowledge of Oldspeak it was possible to read them. Cultural Baggage Thesis. In the future such fragments, even if they chanced to survive, would be unintelligible and untranslatable. It was impossible to translate any passage of Oldspeak into Newspeak unless it either referred to some technical process or some very simple everyday action, or was already orthodox ( goodthinkful would be the Newspeak expression) in tendency. Thesis Person. In practice this meant that no book written before approximately 1960 could be translated as a whole. Pre-revolutionary literature could only be subjected to thesis ideological translation — that is, alteration in sense as well as language. Take for example the well-known passage from the ebonics black english Declaration of Independence:
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of ehrenreich baggage thesis happiness. Ultrasonic. That to ehrenreich secure these rights, Governments are instituted among men, deriving their powers from the consent of the governed. That whenever any form of Government becomes destructive of those ends, it is the right of the People to alter or abolish it, and to institute new Government. It would have been quite impossible to render this into Newspeak while keeping to the sense of the original. The nearest one could come to doing so would be to swallow the whole passage up in the single word crimethink . A full translation could only be an ideological translation, whereby Jefferson's words would be changed into a panegyric on absolute government. A good deal of the research paper literature of the past was, indeed, already being transformed in this way. Considerations of prestige made it desirable to preserve the memory of certain historical figures, while at the same time bringing their achievements into line with the philosophy of ehrenreich Ingsoc. Various writers, such as Shakespeare, Milton, Swift, Byron, Dickens, and some others were therefore in process of translation: when the task had been completed, their original writings, with all else that survived of the literature of the past, would be destroyed.
These translations were a slow and difficult business, and it was not expected that they would be finished before the first or second decade of the thesis statement person twenty-first century. There were also large quantities of merely utilitarian literature — indispensable technical manuals, and the like — that had to be treated in the same way. It was chiefly in order to allow time for the preliminary work of translation that the ehrenreich baggage final adoption of Newspeak had been fixed for so late a date as 2050. GEORGE ORWELL: ‘NINETEEN EIGHTY-FOUR’; A NOVEL. First published by Secker and black english, Warburg, London in 1949.
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STAR stands for Situation, Task, Action, Result. It helps you to structure your answer as a mini essay. The SITUATION AND TASK forms an introduction, describing the scenario you faced, time and place. The ACTION forms the main body and should be the longest part. The RESULT is the conclusion, and, like the introduction, should be quite short. ( Reflection : what have you learned from the experience? What would you do differently next time? This shows that you have a growth mentality : you are constantly trying to improve yourself) Describe how your personal planning and organisation resulted in ehrenreich cultural baggage the successful achievement of a task.
The focus should be on you even if the situation involved a group, interviewers will want to know what was your specific role in achieving the desired result. When answering these types of research of plants, questions: You can't always do this, but it gives a much better impression of cultural baggage, your achievement. If the result was negative , then say what you learned from the experience and what you would do differently next time. Sometimes interviewers will ask you about a situation where you were unsuccessful. This is an excellent opportunity to demonstrate how well you learn lessons from failure, but also to demonstrate qualities such as resilience (to bounce back and try again); determination ; strength of character (when the papers on antimicrobial activity of plants going gets tough, the ehrenreich baggage thesis tough get going!); flexibility ; initiative; and lateral thinking. There is a saying that The most successful people have failed the most as the best way to learn is via your mistakes. The examples you give can be from work, study or personal life #150; but try to give a variety . A good starting point is to office for kids, use our Progress File to cultural baggage thesis, brainstorm everything you've done in your life in the past few years. Bacause many students are becoming so well prepared for competency-based questions, some organisations now feel that they no longer reveal the true person being interviewed and essay on post for kids, are moving to strengths-based interviews and motivation-based interviews . The following program will allow you to find out some of the core competencies ( skills ) needed for a wide range of cultural thesis, jobs.
You can then investigate questions you might get on application forms and at interview to find out about your skills in these areas and statement, also view a range of cultural baggage thesis, sample answers. You will need Adobe Flash to use it which you probably already have installed, but if not, you can download it here. First choose the job type which interests you (from the topics for an english drop down box at the top (e.g. finance and law), next choose the specific job from the box to cultural baggage thesis, the right (e.g. solicitor). Essay On Post Office For Kids? Finally click on any of the BLUE UNDERLINED competencies (e.g. PERSUADES ) to give evidence you could use for this skill/competency and an example question and answer . You can sometimes get a second example by clicking on thesis the BLUE UNDERLINED text again. If PRINTING your results, use the PRINT BUTTON (top right ) and change your printer settings from portrait to english, landscape to get a better printout. Describe a situation when you saw an ehrenreich baggage opportunity to really make a difference for the future of a group, an activity or yourself. I knew that I wanted a year out in Africa and that I did not just want to travel but also to share in english the life of the ehrenreich baggage thesis country and its people. Topics English? Teaching gave me such an opportunity to put down roots in a community but, as this was a voluntary programme, I needed to raise £2000 in ehrenreich thesis order to take part in this project.
I did this by working very long hours in a factory over the summer to essay office, raise the funds that I needed. During the ehrenreich cultural baggage thesis final year of report, my electronics degree, we were grouped into teams to work on ehrenreich baggage thesis projects and I was told I was to be the leader. Our project involved designing and building a power meter to measure the output from a high-power pulsed infra-red laser. Essay Office For Kids? Each member of the group was assigned responsibility for a specific part of the cultural baggage thesis work and we met weekly to discuss and assess our progress. One example of where I made a difference was when a group of my mates and I had to decide which pub to go to.
I took on the responsibility of making the decision. One of my mates is into essay on post, Real Ale and so wanted to go to the Red Lion, but another likes music so he wanted the Kings Head. Using my initiative I suggested we go to the Jolly Roger which was showing the Liverpool - Bolton match on Sky Sports. With my skills of persuasion (I offered to buy the first round!) I convinced them all to come with me to the Jolly Roger. Being a Virgoan, my sense of assertiveness and resilience has prompted me to continue with my ambitions to be a solicitor in a major city law firm. I am also a seventh generation descendant of a Chinese princess and a Sulawesian warrior, which makes me both an amiable and energetic person. Up until a little while ago I used to compete in British-Eventing competitions on my horse, from cultural, which I got a real kick. Working on a farm has improved my communication skills which are especially important when working with large livestock.
My role included typing in details of accounts, customer liaison and research papers activity, money-laundering duties. Instrumental in thesis ruining an entire operation for a chain operator Proven ability to track down and correct erors. I’m an accurate and rabid typist I have excellent memory skills, good analytical skills, excellent memory skills. I was closely involved in every aspect of my former company, right up to its bankruptcy. I am seeking challenges that test my mind and body, since the two are usually inseparable. What happens in a competency-based interview?
These are also known as skills-based, behavioural, situational or structured interviews ! They work on the principle that: The interviewer will therefore be seeking examples of past behaviour that provide him/her with concrete evidence that you have the necessary competencies to succeed in the job. The interviewer will ask you a series of questions along the writing for students lines of: Describe a situation when you . Give an example of a time when you . What is the best way to cultural baggage thesis, prepare for a competency-based interview? Read the employer's web site and/or job description , and note the skills and competencies they require. Note down any examples you can think of report on workshop writing for students, when you have put these competencies into ehrenreich cultural, practice. These examples could come from vacation or part-time work; university clubs and societies; voluntary work; study at school or university; holidays and travel or personal and thesis statement in 3rd, family experiences. Compose a paragraph or so for thesis each situation , outlining what happened, how you approached it and what the outcome was. Questions they might expect to thesis statement, face at most interviews (e.g. asking for an example of teambuilding, or showing that they are a fast learner) are difficult to answer well if you are not used to them, and haven’t prepared a list of examples to draw from.
We’d recommend students consider why we’re asking the ehrenreich thesis question. For example, a good answer on thesis statement in 3rd person teambuilding outlines difficulties you may have had with other team-members and show that you understand what you need to do to overcome that, rather than simply tell the interviewer that the team worked together really well. The CAR format should help you to structure these outlines (click on The CAR Approach tab above) What if I can't think of thesis, any suitable examples? Try and be as open as possible: the examples you give don't have to be high-level . Ebonics Black? Planning and organising a week's independent travel in cultural baggage thesis Scotland is as valid an thesis person example as a trek through the Himalayas. If you really can't think of anything, consider how vital that competence is to the employer. If, for baggage thesis example, leadership is a key factor, and thesis in 3rd person, you have really never taken the lead in thesis anything, are you applying for the right job?
Would you be happy in it? If there is only one area that is giving you problems of this type all may not be lost, provided that you are strong in other areas. Once you have done this, select the examples which you feel are the best illustrations of the required competence. Thesis In 3rd Person? These may be the ones that you choose to use on the application form, or else will be the ehrenreich baggage thesis first examples that you give in answer to the interview questions. Don't forget the essay on post office for kids other examples, though interviewers may sometimes probe for as many examples as possible. When you have answered these, the interviewer may prompt you for further information. When you have exhausted one topic, the interviewer will move on ehrenreich thesis to the next leaving little opportunity for discussion. At the research papers of plants end of the interview, there may be an opportunity for you to ask your own questions.
This format may seem rigid, unnatural and unfriendly to many interviewees but, as well as providing evidence of competencies relevant to the job, it is ehrenreich cultural baggage thesis also seen as a fair and equitable method of selection since all candidates are asked exactly the same questions. Who uses competency-based interviews? Answer questions in a positive manner. For every answer, try to always refer to research activity, specific examples of experiences you had or skills that you have developed. All you want to tell them is that you have the skills and by working with them, you are able to build upon these skills and at the same time make an cultural baggage effective contribution to on creative writing, their firm. Kent student who received two job offers. Estimates in the USA indicate that a third of employers are using situational interviews in their recruitment. The number in the UK may be slightly smaller, but is growing rapidly.
Any large organisation - a manufacturing company, bank, retailer, computing company, , is likely to ehrenreich cultural baggage thesis, use situational interviews in for kids graduate recruitment. How can I tell if I will have a competency-based interview or a traditional interview? The application form may give you a clue. Many employers will design the ehrenreich cultural application form to include a number of report on creative, questions in ehrenreich cultural baggage thesis this format. At the interview, the examples you give may be probed in more detail and further examples sought of the behaviour/competences in question. Although you can't always predict in advance what type of report on creative for students, interview an employer will use, time spent preparing answers to situational questions will never be wasted. Even if the thesis interview follows a traditional format, you will have thought about the competencies the on post office for kids employer needs and be able to ehrenreich cultural thesis, back up your answers with concrete examples, which always makes a more positive impression. You will find below suggestions of on workshop on creative writing for students, what the underlying question that the interviewer is getting at is, suggestions on how to baggage thesis, answer, plus examples of the sorts of on post office for kids, answers you could use.
How do you cope in difficult situations? Do you panic? Can you respond to ehrenreich cultural baggage thesis, challenges and set yourself goals? Briefly outline the task and the difficulties. On Post? Show the steps that you took to baggage, cope with the situation. Research Papers On Antimicrobial Activity Of Plants? If other people were involved, be specific about baggage, what your particular role was.
State the result - don't worry if the outcome was not 100% successful but show what you learnt from the experience. Balancing your studies with a part-time job. Coping with a family crisis or illness. Being landed with extra, unexpected responsibility at work. Completing a project that did not run smoothly as anticipated. How do you get on with other people? What role do you take in a group?
Are you able to focus on goals and targets? Outline the situation, your particular role and the task of the group overall. In 3rd Person? Describe any problems which arose and how they were tackled. Say what the result was and what you learned from it. See our teamworking page for lots of help. Putting on a drama or music production. A group project at ehrenreich cultural baggage thesis university.
A business game or Young Enterprise scheme. Working in a fast-food restaurant. Can you think laterally? How do you cope with solving problems? Are you flexible enough to research of plants, cope with change and cultural, challenges? Outline the situation (what was the problem?), the various approaches you might have taken and the one that you adopted.
Why did you choose to research papers on antimicrobial, tackle the problem this way and ehrenreich, what was the result? See our problem-solving page. Handling customer complaints at work. For An Research Paper? Diagnosing a problem on your PC and resolving it. A group project as part of your course.
Settling in to another university for your year abroad. Are you a leader? Are you willing to take on ehrenreich responsibility? Do you believe in yourself and thesis ultrasonic, your aims? Can you persuade, rather than coerce, people and gain their co-operation? What was the task, who resisted you and why? How did you counter their objections? How did you go about ehrenreich thesis, completing the task and what was the for an english paper outcome? See our persuading page. Suggesting how procedures at work might be carried out more effectively.
Gaining family support for coming to University/going on to postgrad. Cultural Baggage? study. Dealing with uncooperative children on a summer playscheme. Balancing the books as treasurer of research papers on antimicrobial, a student society. Have you prepared properly? Have you read our brochure, thought about what we are seeking and what you have to offer us? Are you committed to this career? The good public image the organisation has as an employer. The opportunities it offers for training and career development. Experience of the organisation, e.g. through a vacation job or course. Information you have gathered from talking to people who work for the organisation, or its competitors. Ehrenreich Baggage Thesis? Information you have gathered from reading the business or professional press, or searching the essay office Internet (NB.
Researching the thesis company's web site will be taken for granted!) Because the organisation's area of business fits in with your personal, academic or career interests. Essay On Post For Kids? See our commercial awareness page for lots of help with this. Examples of situational questions and answers for particular careers. As a MARKETING BRAND MANAGER you will need to be able to ORGANISE a range of activities to get things done. Can you give me an example of ehrenreich cultural baggage thesis, a time when you have had to co-ordinate the work of thesis ultrasonic, other people? Context: I was Social Secretary of the European Society on campus. We decided to mark Europe Day last May by cultural baggage, organising a programme of social and cultural events representing all the EU member countries. I had to find people willing to take part: some were members of our own Society but I also approached other societies on campus, such as the French Society, and had to seek out individuals to make sure that all 15 countries were represented. Action: Once I had a full complement of people willing to statement, contribute I could draw up a programme of events for the day and we held regular meetings to monitor progress and iron out any problems.
Result: On the day there were 15 different events running from a French breakfast with coffee and croissants through films, lectures and musical recitals through to a late-night disco with music from ehrenreich cultural thesis, all over Europe. Thesis Statement In 3rd Person? Several hundred students took part in them and the European Society signed up over 30 new members. As a MARKETING BRAND MANAGER you will need to be able to PERSUADE your fellow-managers to accept a particular course of action. Can you give me an example of a time when you have had to thesis, convince a person or group to english paper, do something that they were initially reluctant to do? You will need to be able to ANALYSE INFORMATION such as sales figures and trends, market research reports and product specifications. Can you give me an example of a time when you have had to analyse detailed information to extract the thesis essential points? You will need to topics, be able to WORK UNDER PRESSURE. Can you give me an example of a time when you have had to ehrenreich thesis, cope with a number of competing tasks? How did you decide what PRIORITY to give them? You will need to be a good COMMUNICATOR . As a RESEARCHER you will need to be able to research paper, PLAN your projects and the work of other members of your team. Can you give me an example of a time when you have had to organise your time to achieve a specific aim?
Context: Last summer I spent four weeks traveling around Europe with three friends. We planned the trip during the summer term, fitting it in around our revision when we needed a break and something to look forward to, then took summer jobs for two months to raise the money for the trip. We had to plan where we wanted to ehrenreich cultural baggage, go, where we would stay, how we would get around and how to fit everything into our budget. Action: Once we had agreed a general itinerary we divided up the different tasks between us. My responsibility was to make the travel arrangements: I researched the various options and report, decided that an Inter-Rail ticket would be the cheapest and the most flexible, so then I had to check the rail connections and timetables between the places we wanted to visit. Result: Even though the trains didn't always run on cultural time, we had a great time and visited all the thesis statement places we had planned to. As a RESEARCHER you will need to be able to ehrenreich thesis, WORK IN A TEAM . Can you give me an example of research papers, a time when you have had to ehrenreich baggage, CO-OPERATE with a group of people in order to accomplish a task?
You will need to be a good COMMUNICATOR , e.g. when presenting papers at conferences. Can you give me an example of black, a time when you have had to make a presentation to a group of people? You will need good WRITING skills in order to present your findings and proposals for further research. Can you tell me about a major piece of written work that you have produced? As a BANKER you will need to ehrenreich, be able to ebonics english essay, PERSUADE your clients to follow a particular course of action. Can you give me an example of a time when you have had to argue your case and cultural thesis, convince another person of its merits?
Context: It's a bit embarrassing for a potential banker to admit to, but I had a lot of trouble managing my finances during my first year at University. I ignored the first couple of letters from the thesis bank manager but eventually I had to meet her to explain the situation and ( Task ) persuade her to let me run quite a large overdraft until the end of the academic year. Action: Before I went to baggage thesis, see the bank manager, I drew up a cash flow forecast to show how I would economise through the rest of the year and how much I would still need to spend on essentials. I also found a job in a pub for papers two evenings a week. Result: The bank manager was very impressed with my figures and let me have a larger overdraft than Id expected! With my part-time job and cultural baggage thesis, another job in the summer vacation I managed to thesis in 3rd person, pay off the overdraft by baggage, the start of my second year. Ultrasonic? I won't say that I've never been in debt since because its quite hard to manage as a student, however careful you are, but I've never let my finances get out of control again. As a BANKER you will need to be able to ANALYSE INFORMATION such as balance sheets, cash flow forecasts and financial legislation. Can you give me an example of ehrenreich cultural baggage thesis, a time when you have had to analyse detailed information to extract the essential points?
You will need to topics for an english research paper, be able to MOTIVATE your staff to achieve sales targets and service standards. Can you describe a situation where you have been responsible for achieving a result through the work of other people? You will need to be able to cultural, TAKE DECISIONS , for example on applications for loans or credit. Can you tell me something about report writing for students, a major decision you have taken and how you arrived at it? You will need to be DIPLOMATIC when dealing with clients. Can you give me an ehrenreich example of a time when you have had to persuade somebody to accept an unwelcome decision or situation?
This helped me to formulate answers in a logical way and meant that I spent most of the interview talking. Can you give me an statement example of cultural baggage thesis, a time when you have had to CO-OPERATE with a group of people in order to essay on post office, achieve an baggage aim? You will need to be able to SOLVE PROBLEMS . Can you give me an example of a time when you have had to devise an innovative solution to a pro blem? You will need to topics, be DETERMINED in order to succeed in the professional exams. Can you give me an example of a time when you have succeeded in a challenging task in difficult circumstances? You will need to be a good COMMUNICATOR in order to get on well with the range of people you will meet on audit. Can you give me an example of a time when you have had to ehrenreich cultural thesis, work with somebody you did not know well to accomplish a task?
You will need to ebonics, be able to WORK UNDER PRESSURE. Can you describe a time when you have had to manage a heavy workload or a number of conflicting priorities? A RETAIL MANAGER needs to be able to cultural, LEAD and MOTIVATE their staff. Can you give an example of a situation where you have had to ebonics, take responsibility for a group of people working on a specific task? You will need to ehrenreich baggage, be able to WORK UNDER PRESSURE. Can you tell me about a time when you needed to handle several different tasks at the same time and to meet a deadline?
You will need to be FLEXIBLE. Can you tell me about a time when you had to change your plans at short notice? You will need to be DIPLOMATIC when dealing with customers. Can you tell me about a time when you where others have disagreed with your views (or you with theirs) and how you handled the situation? You will need to be able to PLAN and ORGANISE the english research range of activities in the store. Can you describe a situation where you have organised yourself in order to arrange an activity or event or to meet a deadline? You will need to be able to TAKE DECISIONS. What was the most difficult decision you have had to make, and how did you arrive at it?
A SYSTEMS ANALYST needs to baggage, be able to COMMUNICATE complex information to the end-users of their system. Can you describe a situation where you have had to explain something in detail to a person or group who knew little about the subject? You will need good PROBLEM-SOLVING abilities. Can you give an example of a situation where you solved a problem in report on workshop on creative writing a creative way? You will need to be FLEXIBLE. Can you describe a situation, where you had begun a task involving other people and were then required to change your approach and do something in ehrenreich baggage thesis a different way? You will need to be INNOVATIVE . Can you tell me about a time when you acted to improve a process or make a system work better? You will need to be PERSUASIVE when presenting their solutions to essay, clients.
Describe a time when you had to persuade a person or a group of people to accept a decision which they were initially reluctant to consider. You will need to WORK IN A TEAM . Can you describe a situation where you have worked with a group of other people to achieve a common goal? What can I do with my degree. These pages are copyright of the University of Kent Careers and Employability Service. The information and advice given in these pages is primarily for baggage the benefit of essay office for kids, University of Kent students and graduates.
You are most welcome to link to these pages but should not use content in ehrenreich cultural thesis other ways without our permission. Page maintained by writing for students, Bruce Woodcock Please email me if you wish to make any suggestions which would improve our services.