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How to Write an Effective Nursing Resume Summary. Writing an effective nursing resume summary is easier said than done. Studies show that recruiters spend mere seconds reviewing a resume and these days that’s after the resume has made its way through the applicant tracking system. An effective nursing resume summary is concise and culture and fashion dissertation easy to read. It correlates the candidate’s experience with the job description in question. And it piques the reader’s interest to paper proposal research write the point that they will continue reviewing the culture dissertation, resume in greater detail.

How long do recruiters spend reviewing a nursing resume? A 2012 study conducted by the Ladders found that recruiters spend 6 seconds reviewing a resume. That’s right, 6 seconds. Cover Letter With Resume For Freshers. You maybe wondering why you’d even bother writing a resume summary at all. Well, this particular study only studied the and fashion dissertation, initial review of the resume. Initially, recruiters typically go straight to a review of the last two jobs held by the candidate. They want to know immediately if they are working with a candidate that has experience in the particular job capacity in question. Studies Child. So they look at culture and fashion, the job title and mba research paper format the dates of employment. Culture. Recruiters also focused on cover, the employers and education of the candidates. Of course, this study was conducted on culture, recruiters reviewing the resumes of general professionals as opposed to professionals in the healthcare field. Le Comportement Victime. We’d expect slight variations from recruiters in dissertation the healthcare field.

They may look for specialties, licenses and certifications in addition to these other attributes. But that doesn’t change the fact that candidates have a very limited amount of time to catch a recruiter’s attention. If recruiters see some or all of paper, what they’re looking for culture, in an initial review, then they may give the mba research paper format, resume a closer look. Culture. Even then, the resume may only receive 20 seconds total. You’re probably wondering how anyone could read your summary in 20 seconds let alone your entire resume.

Well, they’re actually reviewing it as opposed to de la victime reading it. And Fashion Dissertation. And that’s important because it sets the cover letter with resume for freshers, tone for culture dissertation, formatting your summary. How should your nursing resume summary be formatted? Like the rest of your resume, your summary should be concise and easy to read. The reader should be able to review it quickly and pick up on the keywords and concepts that they’re looking for.

This is short, why we recommend using bullets and stand-alone snippets in your summary. By doing this, you’re playing to the realities of the review process. Most summaries are written in paragraph form. This is fine for conveying large volumes of information in a more compact space, but it assumes that the reviewer is actually going to take the time to culture and fashion dissertation read it. Unfortunately, they will not do this in the vast majority of work studies, cases. Therefore, a summary written as a big, long paragraph may prevent the dissertation, reviewer from picking up on the key points or distract them from social case child protection, even reviewing it at all. By contrast, a summary written with bullets and stand-alone snippets allows the reviewer to quickly scan this section and dissertation easily pick up on the keywords and points you’re making. You might include a quick snippet from an dissertation le comportement de la victime, online evaluation or professional endorsement and culture provide a link to the site where the rest of the information can be reviewed. You may also provide a brief overarching summary of your skills in bold print and autonomy essay then provide bullets for the rest of the information you’re seeking to and fashion dissertation convey. What should be included in your nursing resume summary? There are many possibilities for your summary and there is social studies child, no exact science as to culture what to include.

Different people will have different cards to play based on their level of experience and social studies child protection the specifics of culture and fashion, their job search. The only certainty is social work case protection, that you should always due your best to culture dissertation match your skills and the information you convey on your resume with the qualifications and job description in social case studies child question. You might include the following in your summary: Years of relevant experience. A summary of your qualifications for the job in and fashion dissertation question. Social Work Case Studies. A sense of your work or management style. Personal characteristics that make you a good fit for culture and fashion dissertation, the job and/or company. Letter. Professional achievements. Education, certifications or special experience that might make you unique. Measurable improvements that you’ve made for dissertation, previous employers.

Accolades or awards that you’ve received from previous employers. When considering what to write in your summary, do your best to social work case studies avoid stand-alone cliches like “team player” or “results oriented”. And Fashion. Instead, try to convey these concepts with concrete examples. You might state that as a team player you accomplished X, or as a results oriented professional you accomplished Y. Finally, you’ll want to ensure that the rest of your resume supports your summary. Remember, your goal is to paper research convey as much information that’s pertinent to culture and fashion the job in case child protection question.

So you don’t necessarily want to repeat information throughout your resume. As a healthcare professional, you have no shortage of highly technical skills and diverse job duties to convey so making sure your resume isn’t repetitive shouldn’t be a problem. Below is one example of a summary: Registered Nurse with over 7 years of dissertation, critical care experience. Specialized practice in cardiovascular surgery, post-operative recovery, and intensive care. Extensive experience and thorough understanding of pathophysiology and pharmacology of critically ill patients. Honored with several merit awards as a highly effective patient/family educator. Promoted to Charge Nurse as a respected team-player with demonstrated leadership skills. Current member of the short essays to read, American Association of culture dissertation, Critical Care Nurses (AACN) since 2008. AACN Ambassador since 2011.

5 Things that New Grad RNs and Experienced RNs Should Know About the Job Market A New Grad RN recently shared their frustration with us. How to Write the Best Nursing Cover Letter A well crafted nursing cover letter can be just as. 8 Things Every Nurse Ought to Know About Online Nursing Job Applications Applying online is the norm for nursing jobs. We provide. Hello, I just recently graduated from a BSN program last week so I haven’t taken the NCLEX-RN yet; I have been an LPN for 20 years. How do I highlight my previous healthcare experience but still tailor my resume as a new grad? Now that my scope of practice will be different, which skills or attributes from autonomy, my experience as an LPN would be best to feature as a new grad without listing basic nursing skills? Also, how should I word the fact that I don’t have a license yet? Is it appropriate to say “license pending?” Also, should I list my name followed by BSN or LPN?

Congratulations, Brandee! There are no right or wrong answers to these questions, but here are my recommendations. Assuming you’re looking for RN jobs, list your name followed only by culture dissertation BSN until you get your RN license and then add the RN. Paper Proposal Write. In the Licenses and Certifications section of your resume, list the RN license as Pending and and fashion provide a status, ie. scheduled for NCLEX 5/31-2017, or passed NCLEX 5/31/2017, or Applied for License 6/7/2017. As for the summary, I would indicate that you’re a new grad with experience as an LPN (Recent BSN graduate with 20 years experience as an LPN in various settings).

From there, try your best to highlight how your experience relates to essay the qualifications and requirements for the specific job your applying for. And remember, always be looking for ways to explain why you’re the and fashion dissertation, solution to their problems….rather than explaining what they can do for you. Cover. I hope this helps! At what point is a nurse considered a New Nurse/ New Grad versus an Experienced Nurse? I am working on my resume and do not know how to tailor it in regards to the two options.

I graduated Dec 14? and worked my first nursing position in and fashion May 15?. I have had one other job since then and currently seeking another. So in dissertation le comportement victime total, I would say I have about 1 1/2 years of culture dissertation, nursing experience. I would say that 1 year or more of experience makes you experienced. However, how you approach your resume would depend on whether or not that experience was in the same specialty that you’re applying for.

For example, if you have 1 year of proposal write, experience in Long Term Care, but your applying for jobs in a hospital’s ICU, then you might want to include details about clinical rotations in the ICU during your schooling, in culture and fashion dissertation addition to your experience in LTC. I hope this helps! I am also having difficulties creating a resume. I have two years experience working in a nursing home setting and only recently graduated from the LPN program. I’m concerned that my few years of overall experience is going to effect me finding a good job.

I have tried to construct a resume, but I do not feel confident in letter what I have so far. Any suggestions/references would be greatly appreciated! I am struggling in writing my resume. Culture. I am not sure how to proposal present myself. My most recent jobs included the and fashion dissertation, Program Nurse head for mba research format, a Life Skills Program for medical fragile children and the nurse in charge of all the culture and fashion, medical needs for work studies child, a camp, including managing all aspects of the clinic. I also have worked at several doctor clinics and in the early days of my career, I was an ICU nurse at several hospitals.

I would like another position in some type of culture and fashion dissertation, nurse management. Suggestions on how to summarize myself? Thanks for the inquiry, Jean. There’s no easy way to le comportement de la victime summarize your experience when attempting to transition into a new area of the dissertation, field. My recommendation would be to review each job posting for hints about qualifications and requirements that you may be able to equate to your past experience. You can also research the employer posting the job to see if there is some larger initiative they are pursuing or challenge they are facing that your past experience might line up with. You can also review the job descriptions for similar jobs of many different employers to social work case child protection find hints about the qualifications that are being sought for the type of dissertation, position you’re interested in. Research Write. There’s a good chance that if a qualification is dissertation, important to one employer, it’s important to others.

The main goal is to convey how you are going to help solve the problems an employer is short essays to read, facing; how you are the best solution for their hiring need. It appears as though you have a broad set of experience to draw on, and that’s a good thing. The tasks are 1) equating your experience with the culture and fashion dissertation, qualifications of the new job and/or 2) conveying how your experience will help you solve an employer’s problem and 3) succinctly distilling this into 2 to 4 bullet points in your resume summary. I hope this helps! I’m a former travel nurse of many years inclusive of interim nursing leadership positions and staff nurse positions.

Honestly, my Resume’ would look more like a “rap sheet” if I listed 10+ years of contract work, especially as I always worked 2 jobs concurrently. Now that I have my BSN and will complete my MSN: Nurse Executive specialty track degree within 6 months, I am looking to move from Director roles into the C-Suite. Any suggestions how to summarize or should I list each contract job? Congratulations or your recent and upcoming achievements! In your particular situation, it might be best to display your travel nursing experience as one entry in your work history. For example: Worked for various agencies completing short term assignments across the country, gaining proficiency with a diverse set of charting systems, processes, procedures, organizational structures and management approaches. Then, go on to list some highlights that pertain to the job posting for which you are applying. Donna Cardillo recommends this approach.

Typically, we recommend listing out the hospitals, but in your case it might be too much. That said, you should definitely be prepared to list out each and every hospital you worked with as some employers require it. I hope this helps!! Thank you for this article! Helps a lot =) Thanks for short to read, letting us know; we’re glad to hear it’s useful! Great advice, thank you so much for getting back to me! #128578;

Any advice for a New Grad RN looking for a 1st job? Preceptorship in dissertation pediatrics but I am going to short to read apply to medsurg positions as well. What should I highlight in my executive summary? Thanks in advance! Thanks for the question.

Here is an culture, article dedicated to new-grad nursing resumes. There’s a bit about summaries there. In addition to what’s covered there, you might consider adding pertinent volunteer work, conferences attended, any honors or awards you achieved, or a stellar GPA among other things. Cover With. As always, review the and fashion dissertation, job listing, learn about the employer and the challenges the employer faces. Victime. Then, try to highlight anything in your experience that might align. I hope this helps! Thanks for sharing very informative. What about a med/surg nurse who wants to apply for a psych nurse position? Have lots of experience with psych patients and psych medications while working in med/surg.

Thanks for culture dissertation, the inquiry, Kayla. I recommend highlighting the to read, PSYCH experience you have along with any related Med/Surg experience in the summary. Be sure to review the culture and fashion, job posting carefully to see what they’re looking for resume for freshers, so you can include any relevant work experience. What is the standard number of and fashion dissertation, pages or megabites a registered resume should have ? There isn’t a standard length or file size for nursing resume. Proposal Research. Most would say that it’s best to culture keep the resume to 1 to 2 pages, but that may not always be possible. Case Studies Protection. Additionally, resume length isn’t as important as it once was now that Applicant Tracking Systems are the norm. Here is an article with some more considerations on the topic. How would I present my resume as neophyte RN employed, but was been in the medical settings since I graduated in 2005. Culture. I worked in family doctor’s office as over all in charge. Had3 months practice as RN float temporary while working on my papers to letter with resume for freshers stay for good (acute, long term and dementia) and CNA of 4 yrs. Now, I started working as an RN since Nov 2014 until present as a primary nurse in a long term care.

I really want to be a dialysis nurse. Culture. I had my 800 hours clinical hours wayback in 2006. My apologies, Luz, but I’m a little unclear as to your situation and primary goal. If you’re interested in social case studies becoming a dialysis nurse, then you might want to look into the major dialysis services, Fresenius and DaVita, as potential employers. They will sometimes hire candidates with limited experience and many aspects of your long-term-care experience might be attractive to them. Culture And Fashion. I hope this helps! I have a question- thank you. I would like to short essays become a dialysis nurse however, I have no experience in and fashion dissertation that area I have worked in cardiac telemetry and social studies protection psyche.

I did do peritoneal dialysis on the cardiac medical unit which I will include in my job description. Please advise how to open the door into a new arena of nursing. Thank you so very kindly, El. Towne. Thanks for the question! Most Dialysis positions require experience in an acute care setting, which you have, so that’s a great start. You also have some relative experience in the field.

You might consider obtaining a Certified Nephrology Nurse certification as many employers prefer candidates with that certification. Next, you might consider inquiring with the and fashion dissertation, larger private Dialysis services, Davita and dissertation de la Fresenius. The ratings for these employers on Glass Door and Indeed are just so-so, but they might be a great way to get 1 to 2 years of experience in and fashion dissertation the specialty before searching for a more desirable hospital based position. The private Dialysis operators tend to a bit more welcoming to candidates without experience. That said, the job market for RNs is very hot in 2016, so your chances should be better with all employers. I hope this helps! What about for de la victime, a second career new nurse? I have over seven years of dissertation, experience in dissertation le comportement de la victime the communications field with three years of dissertation, supervisory experience. I recently graduated with my BSN and passed the NCLEX. My nursing experience is limited to my clinical experience and some volunteer work. I am struggling how to dissertation relate my past experience with nursing to culture dissertation make me stand out in my Summary.

Yes, it’s difficult to relate experiences in other industries to nursing because employers are typically seeking candidates with experience in the technical aspects of nursing. That said, you can certainly highlight the general aspects of your former career. Your promotion, leadership, team-work and other aspects are all good qualifications to address in your summary. Also, here is an mba research, article on new-grad nursing resumes that might be helpful. I hope this information helps! What would you write as a nursing student looking to start applying for jobs? I have no experience other than what my clinicals have offered me. Culture. I wont be taking my boards for about 5 months still. Social Case. Set to and fashion dissertation graduate in December (3 more months.

How would you suggest is the best way to present that as a RN, I simultaneously held the titles of ADON, Wound Nurse, and Charge Nurse at my most recent employer? Initially I was hired as a Charge Nurse, then I was promoted to ADON but I still had to work as a Charge Nurse 3 of resume for freshers, my 5 scheduled days so I functioned in the role of ADON only on Monday and Tuesday. Later it was determined there was a definite need for and fashion, consistent and victime routine wound monitoring, so I evolved into the Wound Nurse for the facility. Working with physicians I developed new protocols for wound assessment, treatment, and management and every Monday I functioned in the role of Wound Nurse. Is it best to and fashion break each job into with for freshers, its own summary and bullet list? I’m in over my head trying to figure out the best way to present myself in culture and fashion dissertation a resume now, including the profile. Thanks for the inquiry. This is a great problem to have for your nursing resume! I agree it’s difficult to paper manage though. Typically, when people have multiple roles with the same employer, they’re not simultaneous so they can be listed separately according the time-frame they were performed. In this case, I think it would be best to do as you suggest and break each into it’s own summary and bullet list.

The reason is culture, that these are all very different roles. Cover With For Freshers. Something like below: Employer information (location, details, etc.) Job Title: Charge RN, ADON, Wound Care Nurse. Hired as a Charge RN, I was promoted to ADON and also accepted a role as the Wound Care Nurse for the facility. Charge RN: Start Date-End Date. Wound Care Nurse: Start Date-End Date. I think something like that works well in this case. And Fashion Dissertation. It might take up quite a bit of space, but you’ve accomplished a lot! As always, be sure to tailor your resume to cover letter with the position applied for and highlight quantifiable and tangible achievements where possible. As for your resume summary, I think it’s best say something like, “X years experience as Charge Nurse, X years experience as an ADON, and and fashion X years as a Wound Care Nurse.” And/or, “Leadership and teamwork skills recognized by current employer with promotions and special assignments.” Remember, the de la victime, summary itself is culture dissertation, just that, a quick summary designed to social work case studies child protection pique interest and get the culture and fashion dissertation, reader to spend more time reviewing the rest of the resume and the actual accomplishments.

It’s also an excellent opportunity to match your qualifications with the required qualifications for the job. So, if the job is looking for X years experience as an ADON, then you might say, “Over X years experience as an ADON.” I hope this information helps and please let me know if you have further questions or concerns. When listed awards won with previous employers, is it alright to add awards you were nominated for but did not receive? Great Question! Like many things related to resumes, you will find some people who say yes and others who say no. I would say that it depends on how well you can quantify the nomination. For example: One of five Staff Nurses out of 160 to be nominated for mba research paper, the X Award. Quantifying it this way, indicates that it was an honor just to be nominated. If you’re able to do this, or something like it, then adding the nomination to and fashion dissertation your resume could be useful. Le Comportement De La Victime. I hope this helps!!

Thank you. Two more questions, after my name is appropriate to culture dissertation include credentials or no? I have seen differing opinions. My university awards a BS not a BSN, so my credentials will be BS, RN. Will this throw recruiters off since most are looking specifically for a BSN or will the supporting information under education provide enough information? That’s a tough one. I’m not sure that I have seen a BS instead of a BSN. To be honest, I don’t think recruiters are that picky, so it should be fine to include your credentials as BS, RN.

The vast majority of recruiters are more concerned with making sure you have the required work experience. That said, if you’re a new grad, it shouldn’t matter either. Like you’ve already noticed though, there are many different opinions on resumes. Essays. I typically encourage people to culture and fashion dissertation include the credentials after their name and I think your situation is no different.

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25 Most Iconic Athletes In The History Of Sports. Culture Dissertation. Posted by Asia Khatoon, Updated on dissertation le comportement June 28, 2014. Voted the culture and fashion ‘greatest athlete in the first half of the 20th century,’ he was also known as ‘The Greatest American Football Player’ of all time. Social Case Protection. Aside from football, he also dabbled in and fashion, other sports and won gold medals in letter with for freshers, the 1912 Stockholm Summer Olympics in culture and fashion dissertation, pentathlon and decathlon. Mba Research. His decathlon scores weren’t broken for nearly two decades. George Herman Ruth Jr., was also known for his moniker as “the Bambino” and “the Sultan of culture and fashion Swat.” Elevated to the National Baseball Hall of Fame, he is remembered for canadian autonomy essay, his impact and influence in one of and fashion two most popular sports in the United States during the first half of the canadian autonomy essay 20th century. Mildred Ella Didrikson Zaharias was a great American female athlete who achieved outstanding success in golf, basketball, and track and field. Named the “10th Greatest North American Athlete of the and fashion 20th Century” by canadian autonomy essay ESPN and the 9th by the Associated Press, she broke the accepted models of female athleticism. And Fashion Dissertation. Jack Roosevelt Robinson was a great all-around baseball player who broke the with resume color barrier in the modern era of Major League Baseball. Apart from his exploits on the baseball field he was also accomplished in tennis, football, track, and basketball. five-time world champion with a long career in dissertation, boxing, Walker Smith Jr’s performances in the welterweight and middleweight divisions started the “pound for pound” rankings of sportswriters to compare fighters regardless of weight.

Inaugurated into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1990, he became the first boxer in history to win a Divisional World Championship 5 times when he defeated Carmen Basilio in 1958. 25 Best Anime Of All Time That You Will Want To See. Mba Research Paper Format. 25 Everyday Activities That Are Illegal In North Korea. And Fashion. 25 Of The Most Evil Serial Killers You Have Ever Known. 25 Crazy Optical Illusions That Will Blow Your Mind. 25 Extremely Easy Ways To Die That Will Make You Appreciate Life. 25 Worst Natural Disasters Ever Recorded. 25 Most Brutal Torture Techniques Ever Devised In History. 25 Of The World's Largest Dog Breeds You'd Wish You Own. Willie Howard Mays Jr. was a great all-around player who is autonomy essay, often known as the 2nd-best player in major league history. “The Say Hey Kid” who spent the majority of culture his career playing for the New York and San Francisco Giants, was elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1979.

Mays had won 2 MVP awards and dissertation de la ended his career with 660 home runs. In 2000 he was elected to the Major league Baseball All-Century Team. Edson Arantes do Nascimento is the best soccer (football) player of culture and fashion all time though this may be disputed by the fans of Diego Maradona. Resume For Freshers. His game highlights include scoring 1,281 goals in dissertation, 1,363 matches and he won three World Cups. James Nathaniel Brown, an American professional football player was known for setting world records in his nine-year career as a running back for the NFL Cleveland Browns.

Named in 2002 as the ‘greatest professional football player ever,’ he had a potent combination of power and speed. After his retirement he dabbled in acting and also was inducted into letter with, the Lacrosse Hall of Fame. Ferdinand Lewis Alcindor Jr., an all-time NBA leading scorer with 38,387 points won 6 MVPs and 6 NBA titles. After retiring he became an actor, a basketball coach and an author and culture was named US cultural ambassador in 2012. Cassius Clay, a heavyweight boxer was outranked only by middleweight fighter Sugar Ray Robinson for the best boxer of all time category, though this is surely a point of contention for fans. Write. If you have seen his fights, you will never see another athlete again who was so far ahead of his time. His display of athletic skills include blinding speed, instincts and brains. A three-time heavyweight champ, his most notable fights were those against George Foreman and Joe Frazier. Dissertation. Robert Gordon Orr, a Canadian former professional ice hockey player, was acknowledged as ’one of the greatest hockey players of all time’ and is the youngest player to be inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame at the age of 31.

The greatest freestyle wrestler ever, he won the 1972 Olympic gold medal without a single point scored against him in 6 matches. Later on, he became head coach at mba research paper format the University of and fashion dissertation Iowa where his wrestling team won 16 NCAA team titles from to read 1976 to 1997. In Iowa, it is common to hear the expression that “Michael Jordan is the Dan Gable of basketball.” He spent his life developing his own martial arts techniques as he thought that the existing systems were inferior. His fast reflexes would have beaten the culture and fashion best fighters in the higher weight classes especially with his fabled one-inch punch, which had people heavier than him flying in all directions. One of the greatest performances in the history of social studies modern sports was by culture and fashion Nadia Elena Comaneci on the balance beam in the 1976 Summer Olympics. The Romanian gymnast was not only awarded 3 Olympic gold medals in the same competition, but was also the first female gymnast ever to receive a perfect score of 10 in an Olympic event.

The youngest Olympic gymnastic all-around champion ever, she also won two more gold medals at short to read the 1980 Summer Olympics and became the world’s most famous gymnast. She was also later named “athlete of the century” by the Laureus World Sports Academy. Wayne Douglas Gretsky was a professional hockey player who played in the NHL from 1979 to 1999. “The Great One,” he was lauded as the greatest hockey player ever with mind-blowing career stats including winning four Stanley Cups and 8 consecutive Hart Awards. Considered “the greatest male track and field athlete ever”, Frederick Carlton Lewis has also been voted the “Olympian of the Century.” Considered the greatest singles, doubles, and mixed doubles player of culture all time, she won 18 Grand Slam singles titles, the all-time record of 31 major women’s doubles titles, and reached the Wimbledon finals 12 times from 1982 to cover letter for freshers 1990. dominant force in the 1984 women’s Summer Olympics basketball games, Cheryl appeared objectively better than the rest of the players on dissertation the court. Sometimes referred to as the most under-appreciated female athlete of all time, she was enshrined in the Basketball Hall of Fame in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1995 and was later inducted to the Women’s Basketball Hall of Fame in mba research paper format, 1999. Vincent Edward Jackson was the first athlete to be named an All-Star in two major American sports and culture he also won the social work studies child Heisman Trophy in 1985. Known for his combination of power and speed, he became a college football star at Auburn University, though his professional football career was cut short by and fashion a hip injury. He also played as a left fielder and a designated hitter for the Kansas City Royals, the White Sox, and the California Angels in Major League Baseball. Michael Fred Phelps II is the most decorated American swimmer and Olympian of letter with resume all time. He also holds the all-time records for 18 Olympic gold medals, 11 gold medals in culture, individual events, 13 gold for individual events for male and 8 medals at short to read the 2008 Beijing Games.

Considered the most successful athlete for the third Olympics in a row, his international titles and record-breaking performances have earned him the “World Swimmer of the Year Award” 7 times and and fashion dissertation “American Swimmer of the Year Award” 9 times. Golf may not be as physically challenging as other sports, but it requires a high degree of skill which Tiger Woods apparently has. Born Eldrick Tont Woods, Tiger is one of the most successful golfers of all time. He was also cited as the highest paid athlete for several years according to Forbes magazine. Letter Resume. His record-breaking performance came in the 1997 Masters, when he first reached the number one position in the world’s rankings, the youngest person ever to do so. Considered by tennis critics and former and current players to be the “greatest tennis player of all time”, Federer owns several world records. He won 17 Grand Slam titles, with 5 of them all-time records and reached the Wimbledon finals 8 times. Considered “the greatest athlete ever,” Jordan dominated the dissertation world of basketball during his prime.

Having some the dissertation le comportement most exciting game play in NBA history, his impact spans generations and culture dissertation he has become somewhat of a cultural icon and legend. SEE ALSO: 25 of History's Deadliest Dictators NOW WATCH: 25 Alternate Versions Of Superman That Are Bizarrely Cool. List25 compiles lesser-known intriguing information on variety of subjects. List25 was started by Syed Balkhi in dissertation, 2011. The main prupose of this site is to be educational while entertaining at culture dissertation the same time.

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essays intercourse Sex and culture and fashion dissertation Sexuality in Islam. by Muslim Women's League. Even though it comprises only canadian, part of our identities, the sexuality of culture and fashion dissertation women represents so much more; such that women's sexuality has been viewed as something to be controlled, hidden, or mastered, most often by men. Essay. Through the ages, sexuality has an dissertation, impact on one's identity, self-esteem, relationships with others, societal mores, legal codes and so on.

If sexual behavior simply existed to allow for procreation, so much controversy and fascination would have no reason to exist. Unfortunately, in many societies and for many years women have been principally defined by their roles as sexual beings whose chief purpose is to satisfy men's sexual needs; this perception contributed to maintaining women in positions of inferiority and often subservience to men. Even today, women are singled out as sex objects, either as victims of rape or willing participants in industries such as advertising or pornography, that exploit women's sexuality. The purpose of this chapter is to resume for freshers explore important issues of sexuality from an culture and fashion, Islamic point of view in de la an effort to expose demeaning cultural habits which have no basis in dissertation Islam, and to offer alternative understandings of these issues based on the primary sources of cover with for freshers Qur'an and and fashion dissertation Hadith. The view of sexuality as taboo and shameful is by no means unique to any particular religious or ethnic group.

The Victorian era in England and paper proposal the US(late 19th century) was characterized by such a strong inhibition of sexuality that was subsequently blamed for psychological problems seen in women by psychiatrists such as Sigmund Freud. Breaking free from the dissertation oppressiveness of that era was an important goal for women through most of the 20th century since the prevailing attitudes were not confined to sexual issues as women were denied many other essential human rights. Laila Ahmed addresses some of the misogynistic conditions and beliefs that preceded Islam in canadian autonomy the Mediterranean area, heavily influenced by Jewish and Christian thinking at that time(6th and 7th centuries). She points out the church's attitude on abortion and contraception . formed part of a broader negative ethos concerning the body and sexuality -- a sense of these as sinful and shameful and of sexuality as legitimate only for procreation. women were evidently perceived as innately more implicated in physicality and sexuality than men. (Women and Gender in Islam, p.35) Unfortunately, a similar view of women has been adopted by some Muslims and culture may actually be rooted in the cultural values which existed when Islam was introduced. Human sexual development goes through several well-defined stages. Throughout growth, opportunities exist to teach children about their bodies, to inculcate values and attitudes, and most importantly to foster self-esteem. The success or failure (as determined by a woman's overall understanding and value of herself as well as her ability to maintain a satisfying relationship) can be determined by prevailing attitudes of the family and surrounding culture. Sexual development occurs throughout the life-cycle, beginning in infancy and childhood. The healthy progression from autonomy essay, one stage of development to the next is and fashion dissertation, dependent upon fulfillment of cover for freshers basic requirements at each stage.

For example, an infant must develop trust that the caregiver will consistently respond to and fashion dissertation her cries before she can safely venture into the world and test the le comportement victime budding independence of toddlerhood. The ultimate achievement is the development of an intact, secure adult with a high sense of self-esteem and and fashion self-worth. If a girl is constantly being told that she is naughty, shameful, stupid or ugly, she will come to believe it and paper research obviously have low self-esteem which will interfere with relationships, school, work and so on. This illustration in and fashion general terms introduces the argument that cultural habits which teach girls excessive shame breed guilt and reinforce a negative self-image contributing to low self-esteem and even dysfunctional sexual lives. This stage of development has been referred to as the latent stage in Freudian terms. It was felt that between early childhood and paper research write puberty children had no interest in their or others sexuality; they are essentially dormant in this regard until hormonal changes signal the onset of puberty. However, this argument has been challenged by other experts in culture and fashion dissertation the field. Regardless of psychological theories, certain facts must be considered about children at this age. They are developing mentally and as such are often extremely curious about themselves, others, animals and so on. This is a good time to reinforce concepts of cleanliness, privacy and self-respect and to begin to to read teach them about sexuality and reproduction in an age appropriate manner.

Some girls will start menstruating as early as age nine and should be prepared ahead of time by frank and open discussions with their parents. For many girls, the most significant thing to happen during this time is the onset of dissertation menstruation. Essays To Read. If a girl has not been prepared for this event, the sight of the first few drops of and fashion dissertation blood can be terribly frightening. The signs that a girl is entering this stage of development include breast development, growth of hair under the arms and in the pubic area, increase in proposal write height and finally onset of menses. At this time, cultural and familial attitudes about menstruation are critical in impacting a girl's acceptance or rejection of this milestone in her life. Because of the culture and fashion rapid rate of change and autonomy accompanying sense of awkwardness, adolescents are often insecure and preoccupied with appearances, with a strong desire to be accepted by their peers. This stage is culture, characterized by a heightened interest in and awareness of members of the opposite sex. In the United States and in many other countries, young people begin to develop relationships during the teenage years. Over half of the students graduating from high school have been sexually active. Many communities are working hard to autonomy teach abstinence before marriage but they are working against difficult odds especially when dating is viewed as normal, age-appropriate behavior. Yet, a primary task at this stage is to achieve a healthy, intimate relationship, which, for culture and fashion dissertation Muslims, can only exist in the context of marriage.

Once women become sexually active, they then must deal with issues related to pregnancy, such as attitudes toward child-bearing, timing and mba research paper spacing of children, and contraception. And Fashion Dissertation. Ideally, decisions are made within a mutually supportive monogamous relationship. Also, during this time, sexual satisfaction as well as sexual dysfunction or incompatibility become important issues as part of an overall relationship and cover with can contribute to its well being or be a source of culture and fashion tension and mba research paper stress. Historically, older women and men were considered asexual as aging and sexuality seemed incompatible. Especially today, as women and men live well into their eighties, sexuality is still an important part of many people's lives. While some may experience a decreased sex drive, others do not notice any change at all.

Early in life, children become aware of their sexuality even to the point that infants can experience sexual pleasure (see Your Baby and Child, P. Leach, p. Culture Dissertation. 212). Infants develop awareness of the letter resume for freshers function and form of all body parts as they grow. To a child, the penis or vagina is just another part of the body, like arms and legs. The focus on the genitals is dissertation, particularly evident during the toilet training years. If a child is taught that her genitals are dirty and shameful , but she wants to explore them just the same, naturally she will feel ashamed and naughty if she does so. Therefore, early on she sees part of herself as negative. Most child development experts encourage parents to remain neutral about a child's interest in her genitals to avoid preoccupation with that body part and to social studies child protection enhance the dissertation development of a positive sexual identity. Paper Format. As the child grows, it becomes important to culture teach her about privacy and appropriate behavior when around others. Oftentimes, parents fear that by not discouraging their children from touching themselves, they are encouraging them to explore sexuality at an early age.

But teaching children to respect and understand their bodies will more positively impact their self image compared to emphasizing the sense of shame ('ayb) that many children are taught. Such a sense of shame can be taken to paper research extremes; for example, a mother refuses to culture dissertation apply necessary medication to her three year old daughter's vagina because to touch her there is 'ayb. Other girls are afraid to cleanse their genitals properly because to with for freshers touch themselves is 'ayb. The concept of shame or disgust regarding one's body has no basis in Islam. During adolescence, sexuality becomes of interest to young people as their bodies experience hormonal upheavals which result in physical and emotional changes. Again, a girl's experience through childhood will influence her passage through this difficult time. If she is taught that the culture onset of menstruation is a curse, then her experience and coping mechanisms will be affected negatively. A positive attitude will enable a young woman to view it as a milestone, not a hindrance. Unfortunately, much folklore and mba research format negative cultural beliefs abound regarding a woman's menses. Indeed, for some women menstruation is a physically difficult, unwelcome disruption every month.

But it is a simple biological process that can be managed like any other physical condition, and needn't impair a woman's ability to function. Several hadith exist regarding menstruation. The only Qur'anic reference is culture and fashion dissertation, found in Surah 2, verse 222 where Muslims are told to proposal avoid sexual intercourse during a woman's menses: And they will ask thee about (woman's) monthly courses. Say, 'It is a vulnerable condition. Dissertation. Keep, therefore, aloof from women during their monthly courses, and do not draw near unto them until they are cleansed; and when they are cleansed, go in short to read unto them as God has bidden you to do.' In a hadith found in Muslim (No. 592, also reported in Sunan Abu Dawud, No, 258), a discussion occurs whereby the Prophet emphasizes that the Islamic view of menstruation differs significantly from the Jewish attitude during his time, which strongly restricted women from several arenas while they were menstruating. In this hadith he says, Associate with them in the houses and culture and fashion do everything except sexual intercourse.

Aisha and the other wives of the short essays Prophet were instrumental in pointing out his attitude of tolerance; for culture and fashion example, Maimuna recalled an occasion when she was sitting near him while he was praying. Mba Research Format. She happened to culture and fashion dissertation be menstruating and during his prayers he knelt on her garment but did not displace it, meaning that being in the presence of a menstruating woman had no impact on his prayers ( Mishkat ul Masabih, No. 550; for essays to read other hadith along similar lines see Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 212-213, 267-273; Muslim, Nos. Culture. 269, 577-588 and Bukhari, Vol. 1, Nos. 293-300) Also, the Prophet commanded menstruating women and letter with those observing purdah to participate in Eid festivities. They sat behind those who prayed but joined in takbir ( Muslim, Nos. 1932-34; Bukhari, Vol.1, No.

321). Exemptions from Rituals. Today, as in the time of the Prophet, women do not pray or fast while on their menses. The Qur'an does not address this practice at all; several hadith exist which expressly forbid women to pray while on their period. Dissertation. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. Short. 271-287, Bukhari, Vol.1., No.327). Several traditions show that menstruating women were not supposed to perform tawaf (circumambulation) around the Kaaba during Hajj while they were menstruating (Bukhari, Vol. 1, Nos. 302,321,325; al-Muwatta, 20.16) The menses were viewed as a temporary illness such that days not fasted had to be made up as any ill person would do after Ramadan. The Qur'an states that those who are ill or on a journey can desist from fasting and make the days up later (2:184).

There are no hadith which expressly forbid women from dissertation, fasting while menstruating, but based on the text from the following, one concludes that menstruating women did not fast: Aisha is paper, reported to have said that during menstruation in the time of the Prophet, the women were commanded to complete the fast (abandoned during menses) but were not commanded to complete the (abandoned) prayer (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. Culture And Fashion Dissertation. 262-3, Muslim, Nos. 660-662). De La Victime. Women who have prolonged menses because of an underlying medical problem can resume prayers , fasting, and intercourse after a certain number of days (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 274-306, Bukhari, Vol. 1, Nos. 303,306,322,324).

In view of the verse mentioned above which admonishes against sexual intercourse with a menstruating woman in culture dissertation order to avoid causing her harm, the exemptions from the above-mentioned rituals could be viewed as an extension of God's consideration of format women. Perhaps abstention from prayer and fasting during one's menses is a divine acknowledgement of women's increased difficulty during that period. God gave them permission not to pray or fast as a sign of culture mercy, just as He allows travelers to shorten their prayers to case studies child ease their burden. Many Muslims believe that menstruating women are not allowed to enter the mosque or touch the Qur'an. This relates to the view of the and fashion dissertation menstruating woman as unclean. Since she cannot be purified with ablution until after her menses stop, she is not in the proper state to enter a mosque or recite Qur'an. Conflicting hadith exist regarding these habits. When looking at the whole body of social protection hadith regarding the culture subject of menstruation, it appears that many of the injunctions were made because of the physical problems associated with active bleeding. Women at resume for freshers that time did not have access to modern amenities which protect a woman and her garments from the culture and fashion dissertation blood flow. One hadith points out that one of the Prophet's wives (Um Salamah, who was having irregular bleeding) needed a dish underneath her to catch the with resume for freshers menstrual blood while she was observing I'tikaf in the mosque during Ramadan (Bukhari No.

306, Sunan Abu Dawud, No. Culture And Fashion Dissertation. 2470, Muslim, No. 2470). Therefore, practically speaking , women might have been restricted in their activities if they did not have the means to deal with a heavy period, for example. Today, women have so many options so that there are rarely fears of such difficulties.

In addition, the Prophet once asked Aisha to dissertation le comportement fetch his mat which was in the mosque. Culture. She said, But I am menstruating to which he replied Your menstruation is not in your hand. (Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 261) However, another hadith exists which states that menstruating women should not enter the mosque: The Prophet is reported to have said, I do not make the mosque lawful for a menstruating woman and for paper write a person who is junub. (Sunan Abu Dawud, No. And Fashion Dissertation. 232) The act of not touching the Qur'an while menstruating is based on short to read, the hadith that the Prophet wrote a letter in dissertation which he said that no one should touch the Qur'an but one who is mba research format, pure. (Mishkat-ul-Masabih, No. 465;). Also, in Surah 56, verses 77-79 we find: That this indeed is a Qur'an most honorable, in a Book well-guarded, which none shall touch but those who are clean (tahir). In Mishkat-ul Masabih a hadith from Tirmidhi states that the Prophet said that the menstruating woman and one who is junub should not recite anything from the Qur'an (No. 461). In general, since, in either of these states, women or men are not yet physically purified (tahir) they cannot touch or formally recite the Qur'an until that state comes to an end.

By performing ghusl (complete ablution) after the menses are over, one achieves the prerequisite physical state which allows for the resumption of culture and fashion prayers, fasting, reciting Qur'an and sexual relations. This does not imply impurity of spirit nor does it necessarily have to mean that a menstruating woman is paper, unclean or dirty. The Prophet was known to perform ghusl after intercourse before reciting Qur'an, and he also would recite Qur'an while resting his head in Aisha's lap and she happened to be menstruating. Dissertation. (Mishkat, No. 460, Muslim, Nos. 260, 591) It is possible to understand why Muslims might view menses as a negative aspect of the cover resume for freshers female identity. A well known and oft-quoted hadith which leads to the conclusion that menstruating women neither prayed nor fasted is culture and fashion, found in paper Bukhari with several versions: The Prophet is reported to have said, Isn't it true that a woman does not pray and does not fast on menstruating? And that is the defect in her religion (Vol. 3, No.

172, see also Vol. 1, No. 301). The conclusion usually derived from this hadith is dissertation, that women can never achieve the same level of faith or spirituality as men because they cannot fulfill their religious duties all the time. The weakness in this argument and canadian therefore in the hadith is that it contradicts the undisputed image expressed in the Qur'an of dissertation women and men as equal in terms of their duties and expectations as Muslims, servants of God. To say that one's faith is determined only by the extent to which she can carry out the rituals negates all of the other aspects of faithfulness and observance that cannot be quantified.

God rewards or punishes according to deeds and intentions; how, then, can something that is cover with resume for freshers, biologically determined, not chosen or willed by and fashion the individual, serve as a measure of faith? Would God punish women for something that He created? Because this hadith is found in Bukhari, it is dissertation de la victime, rarely questioned or reinterpreted and unfortunately reinforces a negative view of women in Islam. The large volume of hadith regarding menstruation reflects the need for practical guidance on the part of the Muslim community at the time of the Prophet. After reviewing all of the texts, one can't help but feel the burden of culture and fashion dissertation menstruation for the Muslim woman. With. Regardless of the deficiency hadith and in view of modern advances, Muslim women today can view menstruation as a simple fact of culture and fashion dissertation life that has no negative bearing on her value as a human being. Modern medicine has enabled us to manipulate the menstrual cycle in a myriad of ways so that women can continue to carry out their activities without being disabled once a month. Indeed, many women take advantage of medical technology to avoid menstruating during Hajj which, for many, is truly a once in a lifetime event not to be missed because of bad timing.

Virginity and the Hymen: The Double Standard. Throughout childhood and adolescence, girls are sometimes prohibited by their parents from engaging in any activities that might interfere with the integrity of the hymen which is canadian autonomy, a small circular membrane at the opening of the vagina which allows the passage of menstrual flow. The opening is very narrow and is torn when penetration occurs (as in sexual intercourse). This is occasionally accompanied by bleeding. Such blood loss has been required in some cultures to prove that the and fashion dissertation woman is a virgin at marriage so a blood stained cloth would be given to the groom's family on the wedding night to verify the bride's pure state.

If a woman did not bleed, the repercussions could be severe. So it became vitally important that the hymen remain intact as a sign of virginity with the family's honor at stake. While many of the cultural traditions involving proof of a woman's virginity are less prevalent than in the past, one can still find a persistent concern about the hymen as a marker for virginity today throughout many parts of the Muslim world. (It should be noted that the concern about the hymen is not limited only to Muslims.) As a result, any activity that might cause tearing of the hymen would be forbidden, such as bicycle riding, horseback riding, gymnastics, etc. Unfortunately, the prohibitions against these activities are rarely accompanied by an explanation (most likely due to autonomy shyness on the part of the parents); thus, the young girl learns that because she is a girl she cannot participate in activities enjoyed by other children. Again, such an attitude promotes a negative self-image. These attitudes are culturally entrenched and culture dissertation not based on Islam.

While virginity of both men and women is emphasized in Islam, there is no text in Qur'an or Hadith which specifically addresses the intactness of any part of a woman's anatomy as a marker for virginity. As will be discussed in detail later, the Islamic position on sexual behavior is explicit. Both men and women are required to be chaste and to seek fulfilling relationships in mba research format marriage. Consequently, pre- and extra-marital relations are prohibited (Qur'an, 17:32, 24:26, 25:68; Bukhari, Vol. 8, Nos. 798-802).

Of course, then, there is no debate that Muslims, male and female, must be virgins before they enter into their first marriage. Each individual is culture, responsible and accountable to God for maintaining a state of purity prior to matrimony. Why should a woman have to prove that she is a virgin with physical evidence, when the man is taken on his word? Naturally, a woman who marries for the second or third time cannot give the same proof, meaning the status of the mba research paper hymen is truly irrelevant for and fashion determining sexual purity. The hymen exists as a remnant of embryological development which serves no purpose physiologically speaking (K.

L. Moore, The Developing Human). If it tears because a girl goes bike riding or uses a tampon or even has a pelvic exam by a physician as part of an evaluation of a medical condition, must it then follow that she is short essays to read, no longer a virgin? The restriction against vaginal penetration applies to premarital sexual behavior with a member of the opposite sex. The prohibition against premarital sex exists because of multiple negative social, psychological and physical consequences that do not apply if the hymen is torn by an act that does not involve sexual intercourse. An unfortunate consequence of focusing on and fashion, the shamefulness of cover letter with sexuality is the and fashion inability of many women to enjoy a fulfilling sexual life once married.

If a woman is autonomy, taught from and fashion, childhood that her genitals are unclean, untouchable, and basically an area off limits, and if inadequate discussion takes place to prepare her for her first sexual experience, then naturally she would be horrified to imagine the work case studies protection penetration of that area by another person such as her husband. And if the first encounter is painful, the stage is dissertation, set for inhibition and fear so that a fulfilling sexual relationship is practically impossible. Problems that ensue include the with inability to consummate a marriage, vaginismus (spasm of the culture and fashion vaginal muscles which causes pain and canadian prevents penile penetration), dyspareunia (painful intercourse), and the emotional and psychological consequences for the individuals involved in culture dissertation the relationship. Also, the strong sense of fear and shame often prevents adequate medical evaluation during pelvic examinations because some women are unable to sufficiently relax even if they are married and have already borne children. While our religion stresses the importance of autonomy essay mutual sexual satisfaction between marriage partners, negative cultural factors can prevent such an outcome. By educating children and young adults properly about sexuality, and by eliminating the features or habits which contribute to a negative self-image, and by focusing on the positive language found regarding these issues in Islamic literature women and men will be able to enjoy a fulfilling sexual relationship in marriage that is each person's right. Sexuality in Qur'an and Hadith. The references to sexuality found in Qur'an and hadith will now be discussed. In the following verse, men and women are referred to as the garments of one another, implying a sense of balance and mutual nurturance from one to the other. It is lawful for you to go in culture unto your wives during the night preceding the social work child (day's) fast: they are as a garment for you, and you are as a garment for them. God is aware that you would have deprived yourselves of this right, and so He has turned unto you in His mercy and removed this hardship from culture dissertation, you.

Now, then, you may lie with them skin to skin, and avail yourselves to that which God has ordained for you.(2:187) Also, by reviewing this and the verses below one appreciates the fact that sexual relations are sanctioned by de la God and are viewed as part of the spiritual relationship that exists between a husband and wife. As mentioned earlier, the culture dissertation Qur'an specifically prohibits intercourse during a woman's period (2:222) to avoid causing her discomfort. In verse 223 of the dissertation de la same Surah, the Qur'an says: Your wives are your tilth; go, then, unto your tilth as you may desire, but first provide something for culture dissertation your souls, and remain conscious of dissertation le comportement God, and culture and fashion dissertation know that you are destined to essays to read meet Him. And give glad tidings unto those who believe. Based on these verses and some hadith, Muslim couples are encouraged to enjoy sexual relations in any manner the two prefer. The only prohibitions involve avoiding intercourse while a woman is culture and fashion dissertation, menstruating, and avoiding anal penetration (Muslim, No.3365); this explains the text in the verse mentioned above since it was revealed when one of the case studies protection Sahaba was concerned about having sexual intercourse from behind.

He was worried that he committed a sin. So the Prophet said that any position was lawful as long as anal penetration did not occur. Therefore, if the couple is mutually agreeable, no other restrictions apply. Culture And Fashion Dissertation. Other verses that address sexuality focus on the unlawfulness of extra-marital sexual relationships which will be discussed later. Sexual Rights of the Wife.

Several hadith also address the issue of sexual satisfaction with reference to the wife's rights in this matter. The Prophet advised Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-As (who spent all day fasting and all night in prayer) to paper format fast sometimes and not at culture and fashion other times; to pray at night and to short to read sleep at night. Your body has a right over you, your eyes have a right over you and your wife has a right over you. (Bukhari, Vol.7, No. 127) The wife's rights include a right to and fashion dissertation companionship from her husband and fulfillment of her sexual needs. A woman's satisfaction is particularly referred to in the interpretation of the hadiths which discuss penile withdrawal as a method of contraception. One stipulation is that the woman must consent because such a practice could interfere with her sexual fulfillment to which she is entitled. Short. Also, if she desires to bear children, coitus interruptus practiced by her husband would violate that right as well. This viewpoint is based on a hadith transmitted by culture Umar ibn-al-Khattab who said that the Prophet forbade the practice of coitus interruptus with a woman except with her permission This reference is paper, found in Sex and Society in Islam, by B. F. Musallam who also points out that this hadith was considered weak by some Medieval jurists (see also al-Muwatta, 29.34, No.

100). Nevertheless, the position regarding the culture and fashion dissertation woman's right to orgasm was developed over time by several Muslim jurists during the same period (Busallam, Chapter 2 and footnotes). Also, one undisputed justification for divorce on behalf of the wife is her sexual dissatisfaction. The most explicit discussions of sexual relations with respect to fulfilling the wife's needs are found in dissertation le comportement de la victime the Book on the Etiquette of Marriage, part of Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali's larger work, Revival of the Religious Sciences (Ihya Ulum al-Din), written in the eleventh century. In spite of some of his comments that are generally disparaging of women, he argues forcefully regarding the wife's right to sexual fulfillment. He quotes the dissertation Prophet as saying, Let none of you come upon his wife like an animal, let there be an emissary between them. When asked what is the emissary, he replied, The kiss and sweet words. In another hadith, the Prophet points out that one of the deficiencies of short essays to read a man is that he should approach his wife and have sexual contact with her before exchanging words and caresses, consequently, he sleeps with her and fulfills his needs (i.e. orgasm) before she fulfills hers. Al-Ghazali further elaborates on the importance of a woman achieving orgasm by stating, Congruence in attaining a climax is more gratifying to her because the man is not preoccupied with his own pleasure, but rather with hers. Rights of the Husband.

The sexual rights of the husband are also elucidated in the traditions, but the culture and fashion dissertation language is such that it appears that his rights supersede those of his wife. For example, in Bukhari, AbuHuraira reports that the Prophet said, If a man invites his wife to sleep with him and she refuses, then the angels send their curses on her till morning. Case Child Protection. (Vol. Culture. 7, No. 121-2; in Muslim, the paper text reads that God is and fashion dissertation, displeased with her until the letter resume husband is pleased with her Nos. 3366-68). In Riyadh-us-Salaheen, a hadith attributed to Tirmidhi and Nisai states that the Prophet said, When a man sends for his wife for the satisfaction of his need, she should go to him even if she may be occupied in baking bread. (No. 284) Similarly, Muslim women are advised not to fast without the permission of their husbands since fasting would interfere with sexual relations (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 2452-3; Muslim, Nos.

3366-68; Bukhari, Vol.7, No. 120). Clearly, Islamic literature stresses the importance of the sexual relationship between a husband and wife, but the above traditions seem to show that the culture and fashion dissertation husband's right to cover letter resume for freshers have sex is more important than the wife's right of refusal if she is not willing for whatever reason. The only time she can refuse intercourse, then, is during menstruation. Culture And Fashion. The verse (2:222) commands Muslims to avoid sex during that time because it may be associated with discomfort on the part of the woman. A logical conclusion would be that sexual relations are better avoided for any circumstances (physical or otherwise) that would lead to discomfort. A common view of sex is that the stronger sexual urges of men (compared to women) can be controlled only to a certain extent; according to some, this justifies the work child practice of dissertation polygamy even though the cover letter resume for freshers Qur'an makes no mention of sexual desires in the verses on and fashion dissertation, polygamy (4:3-5). Also, the same argument is made to justify forcing women to have sex against their will, as they are forbidden to refuse to have sexual relations. Since the husband's urges are so strong, and to prevent him from acting out on them illicitly, a wife's duty therefore is to submit in short essays order to preserve the dissertation marriage.

Yet, human beings are endowed with self control not seen in paper write any other species, such that we do not act on every instinctual impulse because of some uncontrollable force. This is what distinguishes humankind since God gave us the dissertation ability to think and make choices. Therefore, there is no justification for forcing women to have sex against their will, even in marriage. One does not find any traditions that show the Prophet as an aggressive or coercive husband. Similarly, behavior involving coercion and force goes against the philosophy of mutual satisfaction outlined in the Qur'an (see verses above) and against the hadith which states that the best among Muslims are those who are best towards their wives (Riyadh-us-Salaheen, No. 278). Dissertation De La Victime. Also, the Prophet expressed his strong disapproval of dissertation those who physically beat their wives and then had sexual relations that night (Bukhari, Vol. 7, No. 132, Vol.9, 81-82; see also Riyadh us-Salaheen, No. 274).

The example of the Prophet clearly reveals that he and his wives enjoyed physical affection not necessarily related to paper intercourse thus reflecting an attitude of loving behavior in and fashion a variety of circumstances. Based on the hadith transmitted by his wives (particularly regarding physical intimacy while they were menstruating), this behavior included kissing, caressing, embracing and bathing together. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 267-273, 2376-2379; Muslim, Nos. 577-586, 629) Husbands and wives should strive to satisfy one another's sexual needs as much as possible. This can be achieved by canadian essay honest, open discussions; care, kindness and a desire to please one another. Viewing sexual intimacy as an important part of the relationship will enable a couple to achieve mutual satisfaction that enhances the overall success of the marriage. Clearly, coercion and lack of culture and fashion consideration for one's spouses feelings will result in tension that can have negative effects on the rest of the relationship.

Unfortunately, if a Muslim woman is raised to write abhor and fear any matters related to sex, then in most instances of sexual contact she would be a passive and perhaps unwilling participant, and definitely not one who derives pleasure from sex. Also, the general view of sex as a shameful and dirty act contributes to inhibitions of both men and women, preventing them from enjoying an act sanctioned by God. The following hadith highlights the importance of privacy in sexual relationships: the Prophet is reported to have said, The most wicked among the people in the sight of God on the Day of Judgement is the man who goes to his wife and she comes to him, and then he divulges her secret. (Muslim, Nos. 3369-70). Consequently, Muslims would be very unlikely to discuss matters of their sexual lives outside of the home. By keeping sexual issues private, the couple ensures mutual respect and avoids the chances of violating trust by divulging personal tastes and practices to others.

However, this attitude would also prevent couples from seeking necessary help, thus diminishing opportunities for alleviating any problems related to sexual dysfunction. Consultations with professionals, such as physicians, would not violate the code of privacy, and could help the individual or couple in matters that significantly impact the marriage. Sex Outside of Marraige. As mentioned earlier, the Qur'an specifically prohibits sexual acts outside of marriage (zina). Interestingly, the text does not go into detail to explain why such behavior is sinful. The verses which mention illicit sexual relations do so while admonishing Muslims to avoid other grave sinful deeds such as murder and stealing (Qur'an 25:68, 60:12). Muslims acknowledge and believe in Divine wisdom which is understood, to some extent, by the application of common sense and an exploration of the ramifications of fornication and adultery which include but are not limited to unwanted pregnancy, transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, negative emotional and psychological consequences, and physical intimacy without emotional commitment. In addition to Qur'an, numerous hadith exist which point out that zina is considered a major sin (Bukhari, Vol.7, No. 148; Vol. 8, Nos.

798-802). The issue of extramarital sexual relations takes on even more profound importance because laws exist in and fashion dissertation Islamic jurisprudence which outline the short essays to read punishment (hadd) for this behavior which is considered a sex crime. Clearly, the threat of punishment authorized by God serves as a very effective deterrent for culture and fashion illicit sexual behavior which results in work negative social consequences beyond those experienced by the couple in question. Even though the text is clear regarding the culture dissertation unlawfulness of short essays zina, the following references point out how difficult it is to culture dissertation accuse someone of such a crime. According to the Qur'an, those who accuse another of zina are required to produce four eyewitnesses of the autonomy essay act of genital penetration (meaning the act of intercourse would practically have to be committed in public view). And Fashion. According to canadian hadith, other incriminating evidence include confession and pregnancy (Bukhari, Vol. 8, No. 816; Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 4518; Muslim, No. 4194).

While the seriousness of the crime is not in question, the Prophet himself demonstrated reluctance in culture dissertation reacting to accusations and autonomy essay even confessions without giving individuals the opportunity to and fashion avoid punishment and repent to God, with the hopes of avoiding punishment in the hereafter as well. Short To Read. In addition, the Prophet himself advised the believers not to culture and fashion make public their misbehaviors. When a man came to confess that he had been with a woman and did everything except sexual intercourse, Omar ibn al Khattab said, Allah has concealed your fault; it would have been better if you had concealed it yourself. The Prophet then quoted the verse, And be constant in praying at the beginning and cover the end of the day. Culture. for, verily, good deeds drive away evil deeds: this is a reminder to all who bear (God) in mind. (11:114). In addition, the Qur'an elsewhere clearly stresses the importance of sincerely repenting as God is ever merciful (4:15-16). Several hadith refer to essays to read an instance in and fashion dissertation which the Prophet tried to give a man the opportunity to avoid punishment. Canadian Essay. Maiz ibn Malik came to the Prophet insisting on confessing his sin of fornication with a slavegirl.

The Prophet responded by turning away from him, then insisted that the couple must have just looked at each other, or only embraced or kissed; but Maiz persisted with his confession of culture and fashion actual intercourse. The Prophet gave him ample opportunity to conceal his sin, and repent privately with the hopes of receiving God's forgiveness. Yet, Maiz also knew that punishment in this life would replace the possible punishment awaiting in the Hereafter. So upon essays, acknowledgement and confession of fornication, the Prophet ordered the punishment. (Bukhari, Vol. 8, Nos. 806, 810, 812-14; Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 4413). A similar story involves a pregnant woman who also wanted to confess and receive punishment.

Again, the Prophet first told her to culture and fashion Go back to her tribe, but she returned again wishing to confess. Essay. The Prophet told her to go back until the child was born. Culture. She returned again with the infant and proposal research he told her to suckle him until you wean him. She returned when the and fashion dissertation boy was weaned, again confessing fully, resulting in the prescribed punishment. (Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 4428). For a couple (or individual) convicted of zina, the punishment would be harsh. According to the Qur'an , 100 lashes for each (24:2). In several hadith collections, the punishment of stoning to death is described for those guilty of adultery. This divergence is significant because stoning resulted in death while flogging did not..

The Qur'an does not distinguish between fornication and adultery but uses one word to describe both, zina. Case Protection. Belief in the Qur'an as the final word would argue that the use of stoning to death instead of flogging is inappropriate; indeed a hadith in Bukhari states that a transmitter of one of the stoning hadiths did not know if stoning was practiced before or after the revelation of the above Qur'anic verse (Vol. .8, No. 804). Dissertation. Interestingly, both Bukhari and essay Muslim report a hadith transmitted by Ibn Abbas who narrated that Umar ibn al-Khattab feared that in dissertation future times Muslims would not use stoning as punishment because it is not mentioned in the Qur'an. But he spoke to confirm the obligation of paper proposal write its use as punishment for proven cases of adultery. (Bukhari, Vol.8, No. Culture Dissertation. 816; Muslim, No. Canadian Autonomy. 4194). All of dissertation these issues dealing with punishment must be reviewed by modern Islamic jurists to develop laws (in those countries where Islamic law is applied) that incorporate the Islamic principles of justice, due process and essay compassion. In countries where Muslims live as minorities (where Islamic law does not prevail), these punishments cannot be carried out by zealous individuals or communities who may feel that they are required to carry out God's law in spite of the prevailing legal system. Yet, the system of Islamic jurisprudence must guarantee basic rights of individuals accused of culture serious crimes: these rights cannot possibly be upheld without a court system with checks and balances to ensure enforcement of the law while respecting the cover with resume rights of individuals. The main point is that, while the punishment for zina is severe and extreme, the requirements for proof of guilt are so strict that the chances of culture dissertation one actually being convicted and then punished are very small.

Thus the individual Muslim who commits such acts in private, without fear of retribution should pay heed to the following verses: Verily, God's acceptance of repentance relates only to dissertation de la victime those who do evil out of culture ignorance and then repent before their time runs out. And it is they unto whom God will turn again in His mercy - for God is all-knowing, wise; whereas repentance shall not be accepted from those who do evil deeds until their dying hour and then say, Behold I now repent; nor from those who die as deniers of truth; it is these for whom We have readied grievous suffering.(4:17-18) While it may seem obvious to some, the definition of zina is not without controversy. Paper Proposal. Again, using the hadith mentioned above(Bukhari, Vol. 8, No. 806, etc.), the Prophet did not consider Maiz ibn Malek of a crime until he confessed of actual sexual intercourse involving penile penetration. This does not mean that other behaviors such as kissing, heavy petting, oral sex are not prohibited but that the requirements needed to justify a harsh punishment are strict.

Obviously, many couples can engage in all of these activities without being exposed to witnesses and thus avoid punishment in this life. But they still must answer to God who, in no uncertain terms, admonishes against any sexual contact outside of marriage. False Accusations and Honor. If a husband accuses his wife of adultery by swearing four times and she denies any wrongdoing under oath, then she is vindicated (Qur'an 24:6-9). According to Muhammad Asad (footnote 10, Surah 24) the same applies if a woman accuses her husband. Culture. If the accusation is found to be false the punishment of the proposal research write accuser is severe: And as for those who accuse chaste women (of adultery), and then are unable to culture dissertation produce four witnesses (in support of thier accusation), flog them with eighty s stripes; an ever after refuse to accept from them any testimony- since it is they, they that are truly depraved!- excepting only those who afterwards repent and made amends for, behold, God is much-forgiving, a dispenser of canadian essay grace. And as for those who accuse their own wives, but have no witnesses except themselves, let each of these (accusers) call God four times to witness that he is indeed telling the truth, and the fifth time, that God's curse be upon him if he is telling a lie. (As for the wife, all) chastisement shall be averted from her by her calling God four times to witness that he is indeed telling a lie, and the fifth (time), that God's curse be upon her if she is telling the truth . (24:4-8) These verses were revealed in response to accusations against Aisha, the and fashion dissertation Prophet's wife, who was left behind the caravan when she went looking for a lost necklace. A young soldier happened upon her and escorted her to the camp where they arrived the following day.

Rumors about sexual misconduct spread, causing great upheaval and emotional distress in the household of the Prophet. The above verses point out that a woman's word to swear to her innocence is sufficient to both preserve her reputation and result in canadian autonomy punishment of her accusers. Culture. The following verse admonishes the canadian community for and fashion dissertation not questioning the rumors and giving Aisha, the accused, the benefit of the doubt: Why do not the believing men and women, whenever such (a rumor) is heard, think the best of one another and say, 'This is an victime, obvious falsehood'. and were it not for culture and fashion dissertation God's favor upon you, and His grace in this world and in the life to come, awesome suffering would indeed have afflicted you in result of all (the calumny) in which you indulge when you take it up with your tongues, uttering with your mouths something of which you have no knowledge, and paper format deeming it a light matter whereas in the sight of God it is an awful thing. Verily, as for those who like (to hear)foul slander spread against (any of) those who have attained to faith - grievous suffering awaits them in this world and in the life to culture and fashion come: for God knows (the full truth), whereas you know (it) not (24:12-19). Slander is considered a grave offense since it taints the reputation of individuals and disrupts relationships The verses, while referring to mba research paper format Aisha's particular case, universally applied, serve to protect women from any unfair accusations about their chastity. Unfortunately in many communities throughout the Muslim world the, honor of the entire family is caught up in and determined by the reputation of the female members, who can be accused of sexual misconduct, even if it is only suspected. As is clear from the above verses, singling out women for punishment based only on accusations or assumptions has no basis in Islam. Even if a woman is and fashion, accused of fornication, and she denies the accusation, no punishment is carried out (Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 4451).

Thus, even the suggestion of cover for freshers misbehavior (usually acts other than intercourse) cannot possibly serve as evidence of culture wrongdoing to Islamically justify retribution (such as honor killings) on the part of the woman's family. The sin of false accusations and the focus on social work case studies child protection, absolving the one who is falsely accused has become problematic regarding the punishment of rape. If a woman accuses a man of culture and fashion dissertation raping her and he denies that he did, she is cover with resume for freshers, basically confessing to illicit sexual contact and therefore punishable. This is even more problematic if the woman has no other evidence besides her testimony. This is the current state of affairs in Pakistan where rape victims are punished for the crime committed against and fashion dissertation them. According to Imam Malik, if a man is mba research format, convicted of rape, he receives the punishment as mentioned for zina and also must pay a mahr (bride-price) to the victim (al-Muwatta, 36.16). Imam Malik also states that if an unmarried woman is pregnant and claims to have been raped, unless there is physical evidence, she is presumed to and fashion dissertation be guilty of fornication and therefore punished (al-Muwatta, 41.4). Again, based on earlier interpretations, the woman is made to suffer for a crime committed by another because the focus is erroneously on the sexual act and not on rape as an act of violence. Rather than viewing the act of sex as the issue requiring jurisdiction, the judges should view rape as an dissertation, act of violence perpetrated against an unwilling victim who cannot be considered guilty of a sex crime. Along the lines of sexual behavior arises the issue of homosexuality about which the Islamic position is and fashion dissertation, clear. Based on numerous verses in the Qur'an which refer to Prophet Lot and the sins committed by his community, one concludes that homosexual relations are prohibited. (7:80-84, 11:77-83, 15:57-77, 26:160-175, 27:54-58, 29:28-35)) Again, the social protection Qur'an does not go into great detail to dissertation explain why; and again Muslims first accept God's wisdom and then apply reason to come to an understanding.

The most basic argument is write, that homosexual behavior is ultimately detrimental to the survival of thehuman race. Also, it is contrary to the Islamic position of the importance of the bond between husbands and wives which is a goal for which Muslims are encouraged to and fashion strive. Paper Proposal. (based on culture and fashion, a well known hadith that marriage is half of one's religion.) Like zina, punishment has been described for those who are found to engage in homosexual acts. Work. The Qur'an is somewhat vague on and fashion dissertation, the issue of punishment. The only verse which alludes to this behavior again calls for four witnesses to confirm the immoral conduct (fahishah) between two women or two men; if they are found guilty, they are to letter be punished, but if they repent they are to be left alone (4:15-16). The type of punishment is and fashion dissertation, not defined. The hadith are more specific.

In Sunan Abu Dawud, Ibn Abbas reported that the Prophet said if anyone is found doing as Lot's people did, to kill the one who does it (sodomy) and to whom it is done (No. Proposal. 4447). In the footnote to this hadith it is pointed out that the jurists differed in culture opinion regarding how the punishment would be carried out. Basically, homosexual acts are considered illicit and autonomy if verified by witnesses or confession, then the individuals would be punished like those who commit zina. Culture And Fashion. What occurs in private is cover letter with, between individuals who are ultimately accountable to God. Naturally, sexual feelings can arise for people who are not yet married.

An oft quoted hadith advises fasting to help quell the sexual appetite (Bukhari, Vol. 3, No. 129). For some this may not really help. But feelings of frustration do not justify acting them out with someone outside of the culture and fashion dissertation marital relationship. Canadian Autonomy. Therefore, one could argue for the benefit of masturbation which would relieve the and fashion dissertation frustration and prevent illicit sexual contact (see Musallam, p.33 and Qaradawi, pp. 170-1). According to Al-Qaradawi in The Lawful and social work studies child protection Prohibited in Islam, the majority of scholars consider masturbation haram (forbidden). But, he does point out that the Hanbali jurists permit masturbation for those afraid of committing fornication or adultery or for those without the and fashion means to marry. While the paper value of culture dissertation family and raising children is dissertation le comportement, undisputed among most Muslims, it is well known that contraception is culture, permitted and can be practiced for a variety of reasons at the discretion of the cover with resume couple.

This is consistent with the view that the purpose of sexual behavior between husband and wife is not limited to procreation. The Prophet did not prohibit contraception (the withdrawal method or coitus interruptus practiced at the time) and did not mention any stipulations in any of the hadith except one mentioned earlier which refers to the importance of obtaining the wife's consent before practicing withdrawal. Similarly, use of female controlled methods, such as the birth control pill, would require the husband's consent in consideration of his desires for bearing children. (Bukhari, Vol. 7, Nos. 135-6; Muslim, Nos.

3371-88; al-Muwatta, 29.34) While withdrawal was the method practiced during the Prophet's time, by analogy, contraception by the means available today is also permitted. In almost every hadith that discusses withdrawal ('azl) the Prophet is reported to have said that even if it is practiced, if God intends a child to be born she/he will be born. Although the methods used today for contraception are very effective, not a single one provides 100% assurance that pregnancy will not occur; so, as always, God's will prevails when He so ordains a matter such as conception. Some Muslims argue that sterilization of men or women is not allowed as a method of contraception because it alters the culture human body. They use the hadith which admonish against canadian essay altering one's features for cosmetic reasons (Y. Al-Qaradawi, The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam, pp. 88-9). Surgery done for beautification is clearly not the same as that done for contraception so the connection is culture and fashion dissertation, flawed at mba research paper format best, and does not offer a convincing argument against sterilization. Like the other monotheistic religions, Islam prohibits the taking of the life of another human being without just cause (i.e. in and fashion self-defense, see 5:32) Therefore the question arises, at what point in autonomy essay gestation does the fetus become a human, such that to remove it would be described as murder. The debate in culture and fashion dissertation modern Western society centers around the issue of choice. Since the pregnancy is part of the short essays woman's body, she has the culture dissertation right to make decisions regarding the outcome.

On the short other hand, the dissertation fetus is a potential human being who has rights of proposal research write her/his own, one of them being the right to life. By the early third trimester, when an culture, infant born can survive outside of the womb, to terminate a pregnancy is considered illegal. Prior to social work case studies child that stage of gestation, the fetus definitely cannot survive, therefore, it is and fashion dissertation, not yet considered a human being . Others believe that the fetus's status as a human begins at conception. In spite of the short positions of the culture dissertation major jurists, many Muslims today ( and some earlier jurists) believe that abortion is unlawful under any circumstances unless the woman's life is endangered by the pregnancy. Modern technology (not available to early jurists) enables the physician to with see the beating heart of a 21 day old embryo; whether the embryo qualifies as a person is culture and fashion, really only short to read, known by God. Many feel that life and culture and fashion dissertation the human spirit are present at victime conception meaning pregnancy termination at any stage would involve the unlawful taking of a life ( see Islamic Perspectives in Obstetrics and Gynecology, by Dr. Hassan Hathout, pp. 61-78 ). While some modern day scholars also feel that the fetus' right to culture and fashion life prevails even in cases of incest or rape, others consider those situations exceptional and think abortion is allowed to preserve the mba research paper emotional and psychological well-being of the woman. Female Genital Mutilation. Since female genital mutilation (FGM , known also as female circumcision). is a custom among some Muslims, the Islamic position must be made clear.

This practice which involves varying degrees of mutilation (from removing the clitoris to removing all labia and sewing the vagina to culture and fashion dissertation such an extent that only a small opening exists to allow passage of letter for freshers menstrual blood) presumably is performed to limit the and fashion sexual activity of women . By eliminating their ability to experience orgasm , they will be less likely to essay misbehave before or during marriage. This practice pre-dated Islam and is currently a custom in and fashion a few Muslim countries, particularly in Africa. Only one hadith exists which specifically addresses FGM. In Sunan Abu Dawud, Um Atiya said that the Prophet told a woman who performed circumcision in Medina to not cut severely as that is better for a woman and mba research format more desirable for a husband (No. 5251). According to Abu Dawud, this is a weak hadith (mursal). In the footnote of this hadith, the translator, Ahmad Hasan, points out that all of the major scholars maintained that FGM was recommended (but to what degree was not specified). As mentioned throughout this chapter, focusing on sexuality in a positive manner can be a difficult task for Muslims. Cultural views of women in culture and fashion dissertation general, fear of mba research paper committing and being punished for sin, and the use of sex as a means of domination have all contributed to the silence and repression that prevent people from being comfortable with their sexuality as individuals and in relationships. And Fashion. Through education and understanding, a more positive approach can lead to a better outcome.

Teaching children to accept their bodies and sexuality contributes to developing strong self-esteem which is short to read, a major determinant of future sexual activity. Young people, particularly women, with low self-esteem are more likely to engage in sexual behavior at a young age. Fostering self-esteem occurs mainly within the family unit and also in schools and society at and fashion large. Informing children and young adults about the changes that occur as they grow and then teaching them about developing healthy relationships with others is possible through formalized educational settings (especially if the parents feel too uncomfortable discussing sexuality.) Also, a willingness on the part of adults to answer questions openly and to discuss difficult issues such as homosexualty or sexually transmitted diseases will enable young adults to approach their parents and social educators and therefore be less likely to obtain inaccurate information from their peers or the media. The Prophet was well-known for his frankness in discussing all issues, including those related to culture sex and sexual development. In one hadith, he is asked by autonomy essay a woman if, when a woman has an dissertation, orgasm while asleep (during dreaming), does she have to social work case studies perform complete ablution (ghusl) prior to doing her prayers. The Prophet answered that she does because such an experience is akin to and fashion dissertation the nocturnal emissions of men which require ghusl. (Muslim, Nos. 607-613; Bukhari, Vol.1, No. Canadian Autonomy. 280) This is a well known hadith which shows that the early Muslims felt no inhibition about addressing the Prophet about sensitive issues such as female orgasm (see also Muslim, No. 649). Muslims today must follow the example of the Prophet to use wisdom and beautiful preaching to talk to one another and their children about dissertation all matters.

Teaching about de la victime sexuality from an Islamic perspective is necessary for dissertation Muslim young people who are growing up in a society full of tremendous pressures. Regarding menstruation, it is important to teach our daughters that this is a special part of development that signals the onset of adulthood and possible future child-bearing. Research. A supportive attitude by parents is essential as girls struggle to deal with a change that may leave them feeling uncomfortable and sometimes embarrassed. Pre-adolescents are usually preoccupied with the opinions of their peers. And Fashion Dissertation. So, a Muslim girl who isn't praying or fasting because it is dissertation victime, that time of the month naturally feels exposed and maybe even isolated. And Fashion. Again, this points to mba research format the importance of teaching respect to all children to minimize the potential for hurt feelings and shame. Also, discussing this in appropriate sex education courses for young Muslims enables them to be educated and informed so that mature attitudes will be engendered among boys and girls. One could argue that the strong language found in the Qur'an and Hadith against culture and fashion unlawful sex contributes to social work case a negative attitude regarding sex in dissertation general. Proposal. Indeed, fear of retribution is often used to discourage young adults from engaging in premarital sexual behavior, thus contributing to inhibition, guilt and repression that interfere with healthy sexuality in and fashion dissertation marriage. Muslims must be willing to discuss these issues openly with their children to point out the essays to read wisdom of culture and fashion postponing sexual behavior until marriage and to focus on essay, all of the culture dissertation positive aspects that a healthy sexual relationship contributes to that union.

Rules without explanation only stimulate a young person's curiosity and interest in mba research paper risky behavior that is glorified by the media and often practiced by one's peers. Also, when instilled with a strong sense of culture dissertation self esteem and short identity, young people are better equipped to deal with the pressures they face particularly during adolescence when many of their friends are experimenting sexually.