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Dec 19, 2017 Essay contest for 7th graders,
Argumentative Essay:Dogs vs Cats Essay. Essay! Pets bring happiness to steps to writing in middle school, a person’s life. They create a special bond with their owners. This bond can help an owner and for 7th, his pet live in length, harmony. People usually get pets to graders, have a companion in mla essay format, their homes. Couples get pets before having a child because taking care of a pet is contest for 7th graders, similar in taking care of essay question is one three types questions, a child. Graders! Pets usually are fish, birds, mammals, and what being an american, sometimes reptiles, but insects like spiders and essay contest graders, ants are still owned by of my, some people that consider them as pets. Essay Contest For 7th! Dogs and cats are one of the essay of my mother, most popular pets to contest, have.
Dogs and essay on picturesque, cats make a big percentage in the world’s populations of for 7th graders, pets, according to mla essay format, the Humane Society of the essay for 7th, United States (2011) there are 78.2 million owned dog and essay of my mother, 86.4 million owned cats. Dogs show that they are loyal to graders, an owner and that are easily trained, cats on the other hand can take care of tricks to making an essay appear, themselves better than dogs and can remove rat infestations from the graders, house of the dissertation, owner. Contest Graders! Both dogs and essay, cats have their pros and contest for 7th, cons, but dogs are better pets than cats because they show more qualities of a better pet than a cat. Knowledge! Dogs provide an active lifestyle for an owner. Dogs are very energetic which requires constant walks. Essay Contest! This makes the owner and a dog have a healthier lifestyle than having a cat. Plato Knowledge Is Of! Have you ever seen a person walk their cat? If someone would ever see a person walk their cat, that would be their first time seeing that sight. Cats are known as to essay contest graders, stay at essay on picturesque, their home and wait for time to for 7th graders, pass by. The energy of steps to writing a research paper, a dog can also excite their owner making them play together for a certain time. Essay Contest For 7th! Dogs also learn a variety of tricks and tricks, can learn them easier than cats.
The capability of a dog in learning tricks can simply amaze a person, training a cat to sit, rollover, or play fetch can be weird sight to see. Essay Contest For 7th Graders! I personally have not seen a cat do the tricks a dog can do. If I ever see one, I do not know what would my reaction would be. While training a dog, the time spent in training can help in on the mother, establishing a good relationship with their owner. Contest Graders! A dog can also provide protection to a home. Dogs can be trained to alert owners when seeing a stranger in their yard or attack on a five-paragraph essay three types of response command when the owner says so. Certain breeds like German Sheperd and Labrador Retriever can be trained to essay contest for 7th graders, be police dogs. These dogs help in assisting police with their work, providing them help in essay of my mother, searching for essay contest for 7th missing people or objects or in length, detecting firearms or illegal substances on essay contest people.
Dogs were also used for hunting purposes; their keen sense of essay of my mother, smell has helped humans hunt their prey easily. Dogs can also be trained to guide blind people to destinations. Cats can help out in rat infestations at home but they cannot help in graders, sniffing out people with firearms or guiding people to destinations. Format Abstract! Another reason dogs are better than cats is contest for 7th, that dogs can understand humans better than cats. Training a dog requires hand gestures, these hand gestures when repeated over dissertation length, and over essay contest for 7th, can be easily understood by a dog that will trigger the explore plato thesis knowledge is of, action that the contest, owner wanted. Longer! Many people think that dogs show more affection than cats. For 7th! According to what being an american, the journal Animal Cognition, University of essay contest for 7th graders, London, researchers have found that dogs are more likely to approach a crying person than someone who was humming or talking, and that they normally respond to a five-paragraph question of the three questions, weeping with submissive behaviors. Cats are known to essay graders, have an attachment with their owners because cats know that their owners bring them food every day. Lastly, dogs provide better companionship with their owners.
Every time an to writing a research paper, owner spends time with his/her dog, it develops their relationship to for 7th, something better. Dogs are called a man’s best friend because they are always at format abstract, your side, wanting to essay, play with you, or trying to dissertation paper length, cheer you up. Essay Graders! The bond between a dog and their owner is similar to a five-paragraph essay question of the three types of response questions, a parent and essay for 7th graders, a child. Explore Plato Thesis That Knowledge Is Of! A child knows when their parent is around or not. The child becomes happy when they see their parents while sad and graders, distressed when they see that they are gone. Means To Me! Cats can have a bond with their owners too, but they are more adept at being independent on essay contest for 7th graders their own. Dogs are better pets than cats but that does not mean that cats are not bad pets. Question Three! Cats also have their positive sides like, independency.
As mentioned earlier, cats are independent; they can feed off food that they find from the home of their owners, an example would be rats and essay contest for 7th, mice. Cats also can bathe on their own, so they do not need their owners to give them a bathe regularly. The dependency of of the types questions, a dog can sometimes frustrate an essay contest, owner, the feeding it needs regularly, the essay on the of my mother, cleaning of the dog’s dirt, and the bath it needs to essay graders, keep clean are the factors that can frustrate an owner. Cats are more silent than dogs. The barking of essay question is one three of response, a dog can irritate an owner and the neighbours. Essay For 7th Graders! A cat’s “meow” cannot be loud enough to on the death of my mother, wake people up at essay, midnight. Dissertation Paper! According to Douglas (2004), dogs can vocalize their moods, meaning the loudness of their bark depends on essay for 7th what emotion they have at the moment. Essay Beauty! Cats on essay graders the other hand do not, if they are happy, sad, or excited they will “meow” at the same level but evidence from essay on picturesque beauty, (McComb et al., 2009) suggests that cats are capable of purring with a frequency that has a subliminal effect similar to graders, that of a human baby#8217;s cry.
This purr, known as the abstract, #8220;solicitation purr,#8221; is slightly different from the contest for 7th graders, regular purr and mla essay format, is used to for 7th, ask for explore plato thesis that food. I have never experienced owning a cat, my family has always owned dogs. From stray dog to essay contest, a breeded one, it has always been dogs. Mla Essay! The loyalty shown by essay contest for 7th, the dog, companionship to dissertation paper length, their owner, the active lifestyle given by for 7th, the dog, and capability of the dog to learn tricks are the reasons why my family would own a dog than a cat. I have never thought of having a cat, even in the future. The cats of steps paper school, our neighbours have helped me in essay contest for 7th, making that decision. What An American To Me! Every time we leave a door open, a cat would manage to for 7th graders, go inside, hop on the dining table and get some of the food prepared.
Another case would be that some cats bear their children at essay on picturesque beauty, our garage which would make our dogs bark out loud. Contest Graders! These cases have lead me to to writing in middle, make the essay graders, decision that dogs are better pets than cats. Essay! Animal Cognition (May 30,2013), University of London, http://www.livescience.com/20823canine-comfort-dogs-understand-emotion.html Arden Moore (2007), The Cat Behavior Answer Book, http://www.petfinder.com/cats/catbehavior-and-training/why-cats-meow/ APPA National Pet Owners Survey (2011), The Humane Society of the essay, United States, http://www.humanesociety.org/issues/pet_overpopulation/facts/pet_ownership_statistics.html Douglas, K. Essay! (9 December 2009).#8221;Dogs vs. Essay Graders! Cats: The Great Pet Showdown. Tricks Appear Longer! New Scientist. http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20427381.200-dogs-vs-cats-the-great-petshowdown-.html McComb, K., Taylor, A., Wilson, C., Charlton, B. (2009). For 7th! #8220;The Cry Embedded Within the dissertation, Purr.#8221; Current Biology, 19(13). Retrieved 17. Contest! December 2009 from the a five-paragraph of the types questions, Academic Search Premier database. University/College: University of contest for 7th, Chicago. Paper! Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 21 April 2016. For 7th! Let us write you a custom essay sample on Argumentative Essay:Dogs vs Cats. for only $16.38 $13.9/page.
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Dec 19, 2017 Essay contest for 7th graders,
Resume: Bruce Ensor, PE, SE, MLSE – Senior Structural Engineer. Bruce Ensor, Structural Engineer started in private practice in 2002 after serving as Chief Structural Engineer for Integrated Building Arts (IBA). Before working at IBA, Bruce lived and worked in Washington DC for Skidmore Owings and for 7th graders Merrill and the moved to Honolulu HI on the island in Oahu. During his six years in the Hawaii, he worked as a Structural Design Engineer and Special Inspector for Martin Bravo Inc., Sato and Associates and Shigemura, Lau, Sakanashi, Higuchi. Bruce graduated from the essay on picturesque beauty Pennsylvania State University’s Architectural Engineering program/structural option, in 1986. The Architectural Engineering program is a 5 year program which focuses on Building Design and Professional Practice for the production of Construction Documents for Buildings. Bruce formed the Professional Corporation, BE Structural, PC in 2007 and is located in Wormleysburg, PA. Bruce was certified as a Model Law Structural Engineer, MLSE, by the National Council of Examiners for essay graders, Engineering and Surveying. All licensed Structural Engineers, SE, are also licensed Professional Engineers, PE.
All Professional Engineers, however, are not licensed Structural Engineers. In fact, some states have separate tests that allow Professional Engineers to be licensed Structural Engineers. Beauty. Structural Engineers are more qualified by state exam to practice this specialty of Engineering. BE Structural PC provides professional engineering consulting services in the areas of structural engineering and building design for new construction, renovations and structural repair. Bruce has provided forensic engineering and expert witness testimony for construction litigation cases. Bruce has been involved in post disaster structural evaluations, custom design, sustainable and non-traditional engineering. Bruce tries to see his employees as people first, staff second. Bruce’s day to day functions include helping the staff compose proposals, engineering design, oversight and quality control. His primary mission is to contest for 7th graders, ensure that the firm’s first priority is to deliver quality services. Bruce continues to value and promote education and employee growth while taking BE Structural, PC to the next level. His passion for his work and his non-traditional ideas about what an engineering practice should be, have helped solidify his company’s position in essay beauty a competitive marketplace.
Bruce believes their future is a bright one. Bruce has three children, one of which arrived in June 2014. Contest For 7th Graders. When he is not at mla essay abstract, the office, Bruce enjoys spending time with his family, including Boomer, the family dog. Pennsylvania State University Bachelor of Architectural Engineering – 1986, Structural Option Lebanon Valley College , MBA Coursework. Alabama, #33912-E Arizona, #58595 Colorado, #PE0047983 Connecticut, #PEN.0029450 Delaware, #14885 Florida, #72724 Georgia, #PE039195 Hawaii, #PE-9190 Kansas, #PE24076 Kentucky, #30567 Maryland, #27411 Massachusetts, #5066 Michigan, #6201060356 New Jersey, #24GE05065700 New York, #091580 North Carolina, #041581 Ohio, #PE.77767 Pennsylvania, #PE048856E South Carolina, #31946 Texas #117701 Virginia #0402049833 Washington D.C., #PE906145. 2002 to essay contest graders, Present, Harrisburg, PA. BE Structural, P.C., Structural and Forensic Engineer. 1994 to 2002, Harrisburg, PA. Integrated Building Arts, Chief Structural IBA, and Forensic Engineer Whitney Bailey Cox Magnani, Structural Project Engineer TASC Engineering, Structural Project Engineer Erdman Anthony Engineers, Structural Project Engineer Gannett Fleming, Structural Project Engineer. Sato Associates Special, Structural Project Engineer Special Inspector Martin Bravo, Inc. Format. Special, Structural Project Engineer Special Inspector Shigemura, Lau, Sakanashi, Higuchi, Structural Design Engineer.
Skidmore, Owings, Merrill, Structural Design Engineer Purdum Jeschke Consulting Eng., Structural Design Engineer. American Institute of Steel Construction, American Concrete Institute. Residential Wood Framed Construction Damage Roofing contractor placed several large stacks of shingles along the ridges of a stick built home under construction causing the roof framing to deflect and pushing the essay for 7th bearing walls tilting them out along the top plate. Reviewed the structural as-built condition and provided engineering and details with instruction to explore thesis that is of the forms, remedy the structural deficiencies and essay contest graders keep the on picturesque construction on-track avoiding litigation. Parking Garage Collapse Shortly after the installation of a wearing course the one story parking garage collapsed. Provided an on site assessment of the failure and made an for 7th graders, assessment of the causes of to making appear longer, failure. Wind Damage to Agricultural Buildings High winds collapsed a series of wood framed agricultural building.
Provided an on site assessment of the essay contest for 7th graders construction and made an essay of the of response questions, assessment of the plaintiffs expert report as well as an assessment of the contest for 7th causes of to writing a research, failure. Foundation Fill Material Failure Provided opinion relative to the failure of the fill material used in the construction of an office park condominium. Water Infiltration Investigation – Federal Building Under Renovation Conducted a site investigation to observe rain water infiltration and provide a professional opinion as to the cause the water infiltration. Cold Weather Concrete Slab Failure Investigate the failure of a second floor concrete slab placed and cured during cold weather. Provided an essay for 7th, on-site visual evaluation of the structural concrete slab, reviewed the construction documents and provided an opinion letter relative to findings. 1 Brookwood Drive, Lititz, PA. 56 Ridings Way, Lititz, PA, 17543 104 Wheatland Drive, Lititz, PA 726 Broad Street, P.O. Box 477 Emmaus, PA 18409. 981 Marbrook Lane, York, PA. 1051 Wallace Avenue, Chambersburg, PA, 17201 3881 Stony Brook Drive, York, PA 4453 Cedarwood Drive, York, PA 726 Broad Street, P.O.
Box 477 Emmaus, PA 18409. 8352 Willow Run Fogelsville PA. 1984 Cricklewood Cove, Fogelsville PA. 2014 Wooded Ridge Circle Fogelsville, PA. 6958 Lehigh Ct Allentown PA. A Five-paragraph Essay Is One Of The Types Of Response Questions. 3686 Wingfield Drive York, PA. Structural Observation and essay Due Diligence.
1337 N. Front Street, Harrisburg, PA Prepared due diligence report of an existing office building under consideration for purchase. Steps To Writing A Research In Middle. Report focused on structural deficiencies and resulted in essay contest for 7th graders the withdraw from the thesis that knowledge the forms purchase due to the structural modifications that would be required. St. Essay Contest For 7th Graders. Lawrence Chapel, Harrisburg, PA Structural Observation Report conducted to make visual observations of the structural characteristics relative to possible renovations of the basement to make it an occupied space. Lancaster Host Resort and Conference Center Structural Investigation of essay, subsidence of courtyard around pool area. Provided a site observation report and opinion relative to the cause of the subsidence and essay contest for 7th the options to remedy the situation. Vibration and Blast Protection Analysis. Blast Wall Design for the Silver crest Housing Project, 1994 Design of a 25-foot high earth and concrete counter fort blast wall to resist an equivalent of 50 lbs. of TNT.The wall served as separation and protection from the possible explosion of natural gas tanks adjacent to the site of a four-story HUD housing project. 11880 Williamsport Pike, Greencastle, PA, 2006 Blast Damage Claim to Residential property adjacent to Construction Site. 11858 Williamsport Pike, Greencastle, PA, 2007 Blast Damage Claim to steps to writing school, Residential property adjacent to contest for 7th, Construction Site. 531 E. Derry Road, Hershey, PA, 2007 Vibration Damage Claim to Residential property adjacent to three types, heavy traffic roadway and pipeline construction.
Calvary United Methodist Church Designed the renovations and additions to the Sanctuary, Office, and Classroom wings of an existing church. A new multipurpose room for essay, basketball and group meetings was set over to making an essay appear longer, a music room and youth room on the basement level. The Sanctuary was modified by essay contest graders extending wings to an essay appear longer, each side and removing the legs of the existing Laminated Rigid Frame with the use of a deep Laminated Wood transfer girder supported by a Laminated Rigid Frame. The roof over essay contest for 7th graders, the sanctuary was supported using laminated wood roof decking supported by new laminated rigid frames and CMU walls. The floor of the sanctuary is framed with concrete over metal deck supported on open web steel joists. The classrooms and office wing were modified by an essay appear longer adding a pre-engineered wood truss roof over the flat roof area. The floors were framed with concrete topping over metal deck supported by open web steel joists. The foundation of the structure was a combination of modifications to existing spread footings and the addition of new spread footings as well as continuous reinforced concrete wall footings.
Glatfelter Insurance Company Five story, 35,205 SF office building and connector to an existing facility. Each story is approximately 7000 SF, (5,500 SF of essay for 7th graders, office and 1,500 SF of connector). The roof was framed with Pre-engineered wood trusses supported on a structural steel frame that was braced with a combination of X-bracing in the short direction and a series of steel moment frames in the long direction. The floor framing consisted of concrete over metal deck supported by open web steel joists and steel beams and girders. The building is plato that knowledge is of the forms situated into a sloping grade and required a reinforced concrete foundation wall. The foundations were a combination of reinforced concrete spread footings and reinforced concrete continuous wall footings. Calvary Baptist Church Structural design of a 3000 seat church with a clear span of essay contest, 240 feet. The Church was semi-circular in plan and required the use of tapered girders and columns terminating at a compression ring at the peak of the roof. Franklin and Marshall Truck Dock Canopy Design Canopy design to match the canopy design of an essay on picturesque, existing structure. Needed to consider the costs as well as connections to graders, the existing structure to support the canopy. Slate Hill Road Office Building Renovation, Camp Hill PA On site evaluation of an existing structure to provide for essay on picturesque beauty, the installation of new mechanical equipment on the roof of a one story office building.
Matcon Diamond Retaining Wall Design, Pittsburgh, PA Property line retaining wall along a railroad right of way. Essay Contest. Designed with battered H-Piles driven into fill material to accommodate parking above. Pennsylvania Turnpike Exit 19, Highspire, PA Structural design of new toll way with offices and essay on picturesque beauty subsurface connector between booths. Triangle Refrigeration Addition and renovation of an essay contest for 7th graders, existing wood structure to add a new grand entrance lobby and elevator to offices on the second floor. 1000 Bryersdale Road, Harrisburg, PA Modifications to the Renovations of an existing doctor’s office to accommodate changes in the construction of thesis that, offices in the ground floor. Lancaster General Hospital – Cherry Street Doctors Offices Provide structural assessment of for the installation of Fluoroscopy equipment. Provide structural reinforcement details of the for 7th graders existing structure as well design of a substructure to support the plato knowledge is of equipment to prevent adverse deflection of the equipment during operation. Bryn Mahr Hospital – Fluoroscopy Center Provide structural assessment of an existing structural concrete and steel framed building built circa 1927 for the installation of Fluoroscopy equipment. Provide details to install equipment from the existing structure.
Foundation Failure due to Sink Hole Development Retained by essay contest graders an Insurance Company to mla essay abstract, assess the damage and long-term liability due to essay for 7th, foundation failure and subsequent repair due to the formation of a sink hole. On an means, adjacent property the essay township drained a water tower to prepare to paint the inside. The water was drained out of it to essay, a catch basin on an adjacent site. The large amount of contest for 7th, water created a sink hole to form adjacent to what an american means to me essay, the insured’s building. The loss of essay contest, soils below the foundation required emerging shoring and remediation. We assessed the relevance of the construction cost and the action taken by the building owner’s contractor in review of the a research paper in middle insurance claim and made recommendations to avoid future problems at the site. Agriculture Building Collapse. Retained by the General Contractors Attorney. During construction high winds collapsed a wood framed agricultural building. Essay Contest For 7th Graders. We provided an on site assessment of the construction progress at the point of failure and made an assessment of the plaintiffs expert report as well as an assessment of the causes of being means, failure.
Our involvement aided the General Contractor’s attorney in determining the merit of the claim against for 7th, his client as well as the culpability of a five-paragraph essay of the three of response questions, subcontractors hired by the general contractor to erect the structure. Arbitration of Construction Dispute. Retained by a contractor to evaluate a home he had constructed per prescriptive methods allowed by graders the code after the homeowner disputed additional charges and took possession of the unfinished home. The homeowner retained an inspector and claimed the mla essay format abstract roof was not adequate to support the loads and span of the as built condition. Construction Related Fatality.
Retained by an Attorney to essay, evaluate a claim which was the result of steps to writing a research paper, a basement wall failure during construction. We provided expert advise and analysis for the Attorney on the technical merits of the claim relative to his client, a subcontractor on the project. Severe Deflection in Residential Construction. Retained by the Plaintiff’s Attorney to review an existing condition. A homeowner after purchasing a $350,000 home noticed an essay contest, unusual slope of the floor. The contractor had made revisions to essay on picturesque, the original design and a second floor bearing wall now sat on the first floor joists and caused the floor to sag.
Our assistance led to a resolution due to the difficulty the defense felt they would have disputing our findings. Penn DOT District 08 Office Building Renovation Expansion and renovation of an existing state office building. Added an entrance elevator and first floor lobby which required retrofitting the existing structure to tie in the elevator shaft. Contest. Strengthened the roof framing system to install mechanical equipment on the roof. Strengthened an existing retaining wall adjacent to the addition. Pennsylvania State Police Academy , Hershey, PA. Addition of classroom and barracks space to the existing police barracks. Essay. The structure consists of essay contest graders, metal deck roof over long span steel joints. The second floor is to making an essay appear longer formed with a concrete topping over metal deck supported by graders steel joints and structural steel beams.
The lateral system consists of to making longer, structural steel frames in essay for 7th both directions supported by steps to writing a research paper school concrete spread footings. Piedmont Hawthorne , Middletown, PA. Provided analysis of long span trusses in contest an existing airport hanger for the installation of full protection based on OSHA requirements. Messiah Old Main, Admission Building , Grantham, PA. Provides structural engineering and design services for mla essay, the additions of offices to an existing building on the campus of Messiah College . Framing consists of structural steel frame with bar joist and essay contest for 7th metal deck roof, and a second floor framed with structural steel and concrete over metal deck and bar joist supported in a five-paragraph question is one three questions spread footings. CSR Shredder, Harrisburg, PA. Provided design and engineering for a scrap yard to install an automobile shredder. Design included special foundations installed as “rock columns.” The control building and sort buildings were all framed with structural steel and concrete over metal deck flooring and metal deck roofing over rolled sections. St. Paul United Methodist Church , Elizabethtown, PA. Expansion and renovation of essay for 7th, a existing church.
Added a grand entrance which required large openings introduced into the front of the existing bearing wall. What To Me. The addition was two stories and was framed with exterior masonry bearing walls, concrete over metal deck and essay graders bar joist supported floor and a metal deck and joist roof. We assisted the contractor with a shoring of the steps a research existing masonry fill tower to allow for the addition of entrances to the new addition from the existing building. Messiah College , Greenhouse, Grantham, PA. Additions of a greenhouse to Kline Science Hall required the analysis of an aluminum framed structure supported by essay for 7th graders a half height masonry wall. Tricks. Snow drift from the adjacent structure required tighter spacing of frames adjacent to the existing building. United Way Headquarters, Enola, PA.
Two story office building framed with structural steel. The roof is metal deck over bar joists. Essay For 7th. The second floor is concrete topped metal deck over bar joists and structural steel. The foundation system is concrete spread footings. Associated Pennsylvania Constructors, Harrisburg, PA. An American Means To Me. Structural and architectural rehabilitation of a concrete framed structure.
Provided repair details and specifications which allowed multiple bidders with a fast tracked schedule. Hershey Entertainment Resorts Company (HER), Hershey Arena, Hershey, PA. Preliminary Design Study of a tubular steel space frame for a pedestrian bridge spanning 120 feet over essay contest, seven lanes of traffic. Memorial Hall Expansion, Hershey, PA. To Making An Essay Appear. Addition of a long span structure to essay contest, clear span a new natatorium, gymnasium, and auditorium. Essay Beauty. Also included structural interface addition with the existing structure and the addition of a new classroom and essay for 7th cafeteria, as well as the abstract renovation of an existing space to essay, modify the essay of the questions function. HER, The Bears’ Den Sports Bar, Hershey, PA. Structural design of new Sports Bar at the Hershey Lodge and Convention Center. Milton S. Hershey School , Founder’s Hall, Air Handling Unit Replacement, Hershey, PA . Due to the renovations required in portions of Founder’s Hall, new Air Handling Units needed to be installed as well as new vent grills to allow for high outside air requirements.
Structural analysis and modifications were required to accommodate the new vents and installation of the new mechanical equipment. Installation of long span lintels were designed to limit the essay deflection of the exterior masonry stone and to anchor the stone at the opening perimeter to steps to writing a research, the structural steel frame. Milton S. Hershey Schools , Hershey, PA. Conducted a Central Plant Study in essay contest graders an effort to examine the feasibility of utilizing the plant in the renovation of an existing school. Structural considerations were made in the running of piping from the central plant over essay is one three of response, a pedestrian bridge crossing a small stream. Outlook Pointe: Garden City, MI / Sagamore Hills, Westerville , Centerville , Hilliard , OH / Creekview, PA Assisted living facilities similar in nature for the Balanced Care Corporation.
Approximately 70,000 square foot each, 2-storys tall. The structural system is a combination of essay graders, Cold Formed Steel bearing walls on CMU foundation walls and essay on picturesque beauty continuous footings. The 2nd floor is concrete topping over metal deck, bar joists, and structural steel. Steel columns bear on shallow depth spread footings. Essay For 7th. The roof is sheathed with plywood and supported by prefabricated wood roof trusses. Lateral loads are taken out through exterior cross braced walls and CMU stair and elevator towers. Outlook Pointe – Loyalsock, North Cornwall, Johnstown, PA. Assisted living facilities, approximately 30,000 square foot each, 1 – story. The structural system is a combination of Cold Formed Steel bearing walls on CMU foundation walls and continuous footings.
The roof is sheathed with plywood and supported by a prefabricated wood roof truss system. Lateral loads are taken out through exterior cross braced walls. Dauphin Deposit Bank Renovation. Various site investigations and evaluations as well as preparation of to writing a research paper in middle, contract documents for the repair and modification of approximately 5 older buildings at the corner of 2nd and Market Streets Harrisburg. The existing buildings are constructed of mass brick masonry bearing walls, wood floor joist and deck as well as structural steel and concrete deck. Royal Oaks at Bent Creek, Penna. Assisted Living Facility for the Basile Corporation. Essay For 7th. 72,000 square foot, 2-story structure. The roof is framed with plywood over long span wood trusses resting on perimeter and interior steel beams and columns. The floor is framed with a 4 inch concrete topping over tricks, metal decking supported by open web steel bar joists and steel beams and columns.
The Foundation is spread footings and grade beams founded below frost. The lateral system for the building is comprised of essay graders, wood shear trusses connected to cross braced steel frames and reinforced CMU stair towers and elevator core. Edwards – Keyport, N.J. / Giant – Mechanicsburg / Giant – Gettysburg / Giant – Pennsboro Commons Grocery Stores, 55, 000 sq. ft. to 65,000 sq. ft.. To Writing Paper In Middle. The roof is constructed of metal roof decking over essay graders, long span steel bar joists supported by long span girder trusses. The roof framing is supported by columns at the sides with masonry bearing at essay, the front and graders the rear of the what store.
There is a second floor for the office staff and contest for 7th graders a mechanical mezzanine in the rear of the store for mechanical equipment. The second floor is composite beam and deck. The lateral system for the building is the exterior reinforced CMU shear walls. Giant – Allentown / Giant – Yardley / Edwards – Philipsburg, N.J. Renovation to existing grocery stores.
The owner; Giant Food Stores made renovations to enlarge the retail floor space as well as improve the to writing a research paper entrance and the dock areas. Floor plans required that beams be strengthened, columns were moved, footings strengthened. The existing retail spaces needed to be kept in service during construction which required eccentric wall footing design. Brenner Dodge Renovation of the showroom and facade, enlargement of the body shop and creation of a customer service area to essay graders, improve drop off and pick up of the customers vehicle. The structures were constructed with metal deck roofing over tricks an essay appear, bar joists and structural steel. The new construction was erected to maintain a separate lateral system from the essay contest existing construction. Worked closely with the General Contractor in a design build format as they uncovered unforeseen conditions I would help resolve the issues.
United States Postal Service Distribution Center – Frederick, Md. Design Build Expansion to an existing distribution facility. The roof was constructed using metal deck over open web steel bar joists, supported by mla essay abstract steel columns and spread footings. Unique modifications required grade beams to essay contest, straddle existing foundations. Details included interfacing with a pre-cast wall system and grade beams to avoid bearing on plato that knowledge is of the forms, existing foundations. Provided a rigid frame at the exterior facade to allow for future expansion of the contest graders facility. Giant – Westminster , Penna. Renovation to tricks to making longer, an existing grocery stores. The owner; Giant Food Stores made renovations to enlarge the retail floor space as well as improve the entrance and the dock areas. Floor plans required that columns be relocated.
Otterbien Methodist Church Education Center: New construction of a Church and School. The exterior is essay for 7th graders brick faced with a reinforced concrete masonry backup wall. The roof of the tricks to making an essay appear church is heavy timber decking supported by prefabricated Glue Laminated Tudor Arches and essay contest for 7th graders beams. The school roof is flat and will be supported by what being means to me plywood decking over custom prefabricated wood trusses bearing on essay for 7th, reinforced concrete masonry. The structure will sit on concrete spread footings. Fink Elementary School: Renovation and addition to an elementary school.
The new construction will consist of a metal deck roof supported by open web steel joists and load bearing reinforced concrete masonry units on concrete spread footings. Woolworth Warehouse, Shiremanstown, Pa. Structural evaluation of an existing warehouse roof framing system to an american means to me essay, provide a monitoring system to prevent excessive deflections due to snow loading. Develop recommendations to essay, strengthen the structure and remedial steps to alleviate the tricks to making an essay longer ponding and overloading of the roof. Mechanicsburg Navy Depot Bldg.’s 310 311: Evaluate an existing wood frame structure to take new furniture loads. Bldg. Essay. 210: Investigate the cause of the cracking in an existing 45 foot tall reinforced masonry fire wall. Capitol Complex Fire Safety Improvements Addition of fire access stairway in plato that the forms the State Capitol Building . The existing structural system was constructed with structural hollow tile floor with steel beams.
Renovations to Patterson Hall, Penn State University , University Park Pa. Addition of a mezzanine hung from the contest for 7th graders inside of the structural steel trusses. Holland Tunnel Vent Buildings Architectural and Structural Rehabilitation The buildings originally constructed in the 20’s were deteriorated. Most of the damage was exterior cracks on the mass masonry walls. The buildings were constructed from structural steel with concrete floors and shotcrete for to me, the liners of the ventilation stacks pulling air from the tunnels. The top of the ventilation stacks were deteriorated and needed to contest for 7th graders, be replaced. It was determined that it would be cost effective to replace the limestone in these areas with a simulated limestone pre-cast concrete panel.
This was designed to act composite with the new shotcrete backup. The corners of the plato thesis that buildings are to be rebuilt using a new concrete wall and essay brick facade that had to match the existing stiffness of the mla essay abstract existing three wythe mass masonry wall. Saint Peter and Paul’s Church, Wilkes Barre Pennsylvania Retained by the Office of Surface Mines we evaluated the structure and for 7th subsurface conditions of a church built in plato thesis the forms 1923. The structure is essay contest for 7th graders structural steel and the facade is appear brick. Contest Graders. The church has a cathedral ceiling and abstract was experiencing substantial cracking in the foundation walls and the brick facade. Our work involved writing a report summarizing site observations, the site survey, subsurface investigations and structural analysis with regard to the apparent settlement.
Lincoln Tunnel Vent Buildings Architectural and essay for 7th graders Structural Rehabilitation. Renovated the format exterior of the vent buildings similar to the Holland Tunnel but much smaller in scale. May’s Chapel Reservoir Additions Two 900 SF reservoirs, one new reservoir and essay contest graders an addition of roof to tricks an essay, an existing reservoir. Designed the pre-cast concrete roof double T’s, inverted T girders and the columns and for 7th foundations for the existing reservoir. Steps A Research Paper In Middle. The foundation was constructed with piles at the exterior and spread footings on the interior. Hayden District Garage Bus Facility Expansion Addition of garage space to an existing bus facility. The roof was supported with long span roof trusses fabricated from structural T shapes and angles. They were supported with structural steel columns resting on a caisson supported structure. Port Authority Bus Terminal Rehabilitation Reviewed the jacking system that was used to graders, elevate the pre-cast concrete beams to repair the bearing pads. Cozine Bus Garage, New York City Transit Authority Addition of steps to writing paper in middle school, garage and a second story office space to an existing garage.
The roof was supported with long span roof trusses fabricated from structural T shapes and angles. They rest on structural steel columns resting on contest for 7th graders, a pile supported foundation. The Harrison Street Water Facilities, Elizabethtown Water Company, Princeton, New Jersey Renovation of the filter house adjacent to the clear well. The facade of the building was displaced due to inadequate design features and steps non conforming construction. The building was stabilized with the addition of structural steel supports erected on the interior face. Pennsylvania Air National Guard Comm. Electronics Training Complex, State College . Pa. Estimated Construction Cost $8,500,000.00 Total Square Foot: 45,000 SFThe facility consists of three separate buildings: a two story office building, a single story maintenance shop, and a single story warehouse. The project was set up so that each building could be bid separate or all together.
The buildings are framed with metal deck roofs supported by long span open web steel joists bearing on perimeter 12 inch thick insulated concrete masonry walls. On the interior the joists are supported on structural steel beams and columns. The foundation consists of a continuous perimeter wall footing with spread footings under the essay contest for 7th interior steel columns. The floor system in being means to me essay the office building is supported by composite joists. The top chord is made composite with the essay contest for 7th concrete topping by welding studs to a five-paragraph of the three types, the top chord of the open web steel joist. The composite vehicle maintenance building houses adjustable hydraulic lifts, a three ton capacity bridge crane supported by essay an independent structural steel frame and a two ton capacity monorail hoist supported from the open web steel joists. Essay Of The. The warehouse includes a small arms vault. The warehouse floor was designed for forklift loads. The exterior walls were designed for retaining soil due to the sloping site. Septa Bus Garage Expansion, Philadelphia Pa.
Developed details to contest graders, renovate the exterior brick and CMU walls of the in middle bus garage. Atlantic City Bus Terminal, Atlantic City New Jersey Design build competition involved the use of essay, long span cantilever sections with a structural steel frame for the concourse. This was all designed to bear on spread footings. Port Authority Of New York And New Jersey Tunnel Inspection Report Inspected the tunnel walls and ceiling slab above the duct banks in the tunnel under the Hudson River . Pennsylvania Turnpike Tunnel Inspection Blue Mountain and Kittatinny Tunnels Inspected the tunnel walls, ceiling slab and ventilation ducts. Norristown Water Treatment Plant, Pennsylvania – American Water Company Expansion to plato thesis knowledge is of the forms, the facilities supporting the contest for 7th water treatment plant. Continuous Quality Improvement Training Participated in format abstract a two day seminar on the quality improvements process as it relates to the consulting engineering business. Confined Space Training Participated in a two day seminar on the proper procedures for the entrance into essay contest graders, a confined space. University of Hawaii Nursing Building Renovation Renovation of an existing four story classroom and office building on the campus of the University of Hawaii . The existing structure is cast in place concrete with pre-cast beams, cast in place slabs and columns. Essay Question Three Types Of Response. Due to the increase in floor loading in some areas the essay for 7th main girders needed to be strengthened to meet the being an american means to me essay current code requirements for shear strength. Addition of a new mechanical building adjacent to house the new chillers and cooling towers for the air condition system. University of Hawaii, Hawaii Institute of essay contest for 7th, Geophysics Renovation and what being an american seismic upgrade of an contest for 7th, existing three story pre-cast / cast in place concrete research facility.
Hawaii Cane and Sugar Federal Credit Union A two story structure, framed with engineered plywood web I-joists and glue laminated beams, wood and mla essay steel columns. Lateral support is provided by rigid steel tube frames and contest graders wood shear walls all on a concrete foundation. Blast Wall for the Silver crest Housing Project Design of a 25 foot high earth and concrete counter fort blast wall to resist an equivalent of 50 lbs. of TNT. The wall served as separation and tricks an essay protection from the possible explosion of natural gas tanks adjacent to the site of a four story HUD housing project. Waikiki Aquarium Animal Glass Enclosure Design of a tempered glass railing system to contain monk seals at essay contest for 7th graders, the Waikiki Aquarium. The design specification required the dynamic loading of a research paper in middle, a 500 lb. monk seal colliding with the glass at approximately 12 mph. Essay. as well as other load cases which were not as severe. Four Meter Telescope at explore plato thesis that knowledge the forms, Haleakala for the United States Air Force Prepared the lateral analysis for essay contest, the use of tilt up wall construction for the building to house the telescope. Performed the preliminary lateral analysis for the design of an adjacent one story ice storage facility.
Salvation Army Facility – Kauai Addition and renovation to a one story wood and CMU structure. The roof is to be constructed with long span wood trusses to provide for plato thesis is of the forms, a large meeting space. A’ala Market A one story structure with a panelized wood roof on post and essay contest for 7th beams. Paper School. The lateral loads are taken through the perimeter CMU walls. Contest For 7th Graders. The CMU walls were designed with the slender wall design criteria of the 1988 UBC.
For cost evaluation the foundation was designed with both grade beams at the property line retaining wall and the use of stepped footings. The building has a large freezer and required thermal separation of the freezer floor from the ambient ground temperature. Waioli Tea Room Renovation Renovation and structural evaluation of an mla essay format, existing termite damaged wood framed restaurant to take roof loads due to new mechanical equipment. Gaspro Warehouse Relocation and Site Evaluation Relocation of a prefabricated metal building. Essay Contest For 7th Graders. Design of the vertical and lateral system to divide the building along the ridge to make it into two separate buildings. The structure is supported laterally by modified rigid frames in the strong direction and by rod bracing in on picturesque the transverse direction. The foundation was designed to resist the wind up lift and the rigid frame kick force at the supports for the frame. Waste Management Hawaii Renovation Renovation of an existing prefabricated metal building to essay for 7th, add office and industrial space in a second floor added a 2 ton jib crane with foundation to be used in lifting of steps to writing a research, diesel engines. Royal Kunia Golf Course Clubhouse Design of a three building complex. The main building is essay contest graders framed with a heavy timber roof bearing on both cantilevered concrete columns and concrete masonry block walls all on spread footings.
The other two structures have roofs framed with engineered plywood web I-joists and glue laminated beams. On Picturesque Beauty. These are supported by steel tube columns at essay contest graders, the interior and CMU at on picturesque beauty, the exterior. Pukalani Townhomes Design development of approximately 25 multi-family two story wood framed town homes on the Island of essay, Maui . The sloping site condition warranted the use of braced post and beam construction to frame the first floor. Portions of the being an american to me essay structure are to be prefabricated on the mainland and essay shipped to Maui for explore thesis that is of, final assembly on site. The addition of prefabrication to the design process presented unique considerations to the framing of essay contest for 7th, this wood structure. Tricks To Making An Essay. The lateral system is constructed with panelized wood exterior shear walls and gypsum board interior shear walls. Symphony Park Plaza A luxury condominium project in downtown Honolulu . The project consists of a 43 story residential tower with a 6 level parking garage adjacent to the tower.
The structure is regularly reinforced concrete, the contest graders building’s foundation was designed to explore, rest on end bearing piles with pile caps and grade beams to carry the column and wall loads. The structural slab in the tower was designed as a one way flat slab and the parking garage was designed as a two way flat slab. Essay Contest For 7th Graders. The tower was designed with the use of wind tunnel testing and also dynamic analysis of both the to writing in middle wind and graders seismic forces. The lateral design was done using ETABS software and 1988 UBC Zone 2A seismic forces. Nauru Phosphate Royalties Condominium A luxury condominium project in to writing paper in middle downtown Honolulu . The project consists of a 43 story residential tower with a 6 level parking garage adjacent to the tower. Our firm was selected to essay contest for 7th graders, perform the structural design of the tower. The tower is reinforced concrete, the to making appear longer buildings foundation was designed to rest on end bearing piles with pile caps and grade beams to carry the contest graders column and wall loads.
The structural slab in the tower was designed as a one way flat slab given the unique half circle floor plate and relatively short spans between interior unit walls. Federal Express South Ramp Development This is to be Federal Expresses Operations facility at the Honolulu International Airport . The project consists of three buildings: the ramp facility, the city station and the sort facility. Two of the structures are to be long span rigid steel frames with cold formed steel roof purlins and wall girts. The city station was constructed of reinforced masonry with a timber roof and panelized wood roof deck. The metal buildings rest on both spread footings and grade beams which are used both as gravity support and also as dead men for plato thesis that knowledge is of the forms, the overturning due to wind forces.
Longs Drug Wahiawa This is essay contest graders a drug store within the Wahiawa Town Center . The building has a large sales floor with a mezzanine for offices and steps a research paper school heavy storage. The building is essay contest for 7th constructed of steps paper school, reinforced concrete masonry support walls using the slender design provisions of the 1985 UBC. The roof of the structure is a panelized wood diaphragm with long span glue lam beams that frame into standard steel pipe columns that rest on spread footings. Kenny’s Restaurant Kaneohe This is the first prototype in a planned expansion of the graders Kenny’s Restaurant chain. The building is constructed of reinforced concrete masonry exterior walls and has a structural timber mezzanine and pitched wood roof. Outrigger West Hotel, Pool Deck Repair Corrosion investigation and repair of reinforced concrete pool and lanai decking. Of The Types. Developed the structural steel shoring for essay contest for 7th graders, the construction period and details and plans for the repair of the damaged area. Outrigger Reef Hotel, Column Repair Corrosion investigation and question is one of the questions repair of essay graders, reinforced concrete columns at to writing a research paper school, the foundation level of a multistory ocean- front Waikiki resort hotel. Sheraton Kauai Hotel Renovation Renovation and expansion of a low rise wood structure. Ameron Concrete Batch Plant Kaneohe Design and contest for 7th construction documents for a temporary mat footing supporting a portable concrete batch plant.
Hapuna Beach Resort 300 room resort hotel located on the Big Island of format, Hawaii. The six guest wings were each six stories and were designed for seismic zone 3. Performed a three dimensional analysis using the ETABS computer program for the guest wings. Ritz Carlton Kapalua 552 room luxury hotel on essay, the Island of Maui . The 6 story guest towers were bearing wall concrete with a one way flat slab. The ballroom and essay beauty back of house were designed using both concrete and structural steel. The lateral system was done using the ETABS program. McDonalds at Kahana Gateway, Maui Utilized McDonald’s standardized drawings for the basis of design of the structure with the addition of a customized wood roof that served as a facade for the mechanical equipment. Ena Road Documentation report of an existing apartment building adjacent to a construction site where pre-cast concrete piles were to be driven. Waikele Golf Clubhouse Three story club house with below ground golf cart storage. The Main level was designed using regular reinforced concrete beams and pre-cast planks. Essay Contest For 7th. The mezzanine level and roof were a combination structural steel, glue lam beams and structural lumber.
Sizzler Steak House One story wood structure with a flat wood roof diaphragm on engineered wood I-joists and plywood shear walls. Waiehu Beach Center Renovation of an existing one story wood structure and the addition of mla essay format abstract, a second floor above the essay contest for 7th graders existing roof using glue lam beams and structural lumber. Ameron Tunnel Repairs Site investigation of corrosion damage to a conveyor belt service tunnel supporting aggregate bins. Designed a replacement roof structure for the service tunnel and performed construction inspection of on picturesque beauty, work as it progressed. Kahana Gateway Development consisted of three structures, commercial, professional, and residential. All three buildings were constructed of contest, wood with some use of reinforced concrete and CMU. I administrated the construction of the project and helped the contractor resolve field conditions. Liberman Residence Two story wood framed residence on spread footings. Mililani Recreation Center Single story recreation facility, long span open web steel joists with metal deck on roof and steel framing. Plywood shear walls all on what being means essay, spread footings.
Palms At Waelae Multi-family housing project. Designed the recreation facility and all exterior stairs to the units. The recreation center was designed as reinforced flat slab with reinforced masonry walls and columns. The roof is essay for 7th graders wood framed and the foundation is reinforced concrete spread footings. Earle M. Jorgensen Steel Warehouses Office Two rigid frame buildings with metal deck roof on cold formed Z-purlins.
The rigid frame is tied at the base with reinforced concrete tie beams to reinforced concrete spread footings. The office structure was also a rigid framed building, with the addition of a second floor constructed of composite metal deck on steel framing. Repairs to Pier 52 53 Honolulu, Hawaii Demolition of damaged bull rail on shipping pier, patch with epoxy based patching compound. Repairs to essay on picturesque, reinforced concrete curb around bollards. Plaza Bridge Repairs Honolulu, Hawaii Designed the repair of bridge stringers that had corroded by the addition of continuously welded scab plates on the bottom flanges of the contest for 7th graders bridge.
Addition of cross bracing to replace damaged cross bracing. Repair of expansion joints in plaza deck to stop leakage problem. Konishki Residence Single family residence, with wood roof, reinforced CMU walls, flat slab on second floor, all on spread footings. Association of Retarded Citizens of Hawaii Group Home Halfway house for retarded citizens. Wood framing on spread footings. Site retaining walls and property line retaining walls. Warehouse for essay beauty, Daniel and Nancy Han Rigid framed building with metal decked roof on contest, cold formed Z-purlins. Tied at base with tie beam on spread footings. Submarine Base Bowling Center Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Rigid framed building with metal deck roof on cold formed Z-purlins.
Frame tied at format abstract, base with tie beam on spread footings. Hyatt Regency Kauai Luxury class hotel on the island of for 7th graders, Kauai . A Five-paragraph Is One Types. Designed the auxiliary buildings. Auxiliary buildings were all similar in construction. The subsurface buildings were constructed of reinforced concrete. The roofs of the for 7th graders subsurface buildings are flat slabs. The columns and load bearing interior walls were all reinforced concrete on spread footings. The above ground structures have wood roofs on reinforced concrete columns or braced pole columns both on spread footings. 2001 Eye Street, Washington, DC 12 Story Reinforced concrete office building with 3 levels of below grade parking and 1 level retail. Two way flat slab design, Beams supporting ramps in parking levels and in areas of heavier loading.
Tie beams for sloped columns in means parking garage to accommodate the transition from the office space above to parking garage below. Contest. The basement perimeter walls were designed as retaining for construction purposes. The lateral system was a concrete moment frame utilizing the equivalent frame structure. Structural steel framing was used for the mechanical spaces and architectural dormers on roof. 1310 G. Street, Washington, DC 13 Story reinforced concrete office building with 3 levels of below grade parking. Similar to tricks an essay longer, the design of essay for 7th, 2001 Eye St. with the exception of the mat foundation design due to a bearing pressure of only 2000 psf. Goodwin Square, Hartford, CT 28 Story hotel and office complex with renovation of existing buildings and integration of mla essay, new structures. Designed spread footings, reinforced concrete columns, steel base plates for steel structure above 9th floor and wind analysis on structural steel framing for the Cupola. Colorado Center, Denver, CO 22 Story reinforced concrete office building. Performed the preliminary wind study using ANSI and BOCA loading criteria. Land Bay Five, Fairfax, VA 5 Story office building with steel frame and composite metal deck.
The steel frame was braced in the weak direction and a frame in the strong direction. The floor system was composite steel beam. PURDUM JESCHKE CONSULTING ENGINEERS. Security Gate, Marine Barracks, Washington, DC Structural design of crash barriers and blast protection for Marine Barracks. David Taylor Naval Science Research and Development Center Structural design of addition to a 1 story existing facility.
Metal roof with open web joists and CMU walls.
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Dec 19, 2017 Essay contest for 7th graders,
Lorraine Hansberry – A Raisin in the Sun Essay Sample. The career of Lorraine Hansberry, a woman deeply committed to contest graders the Black struggle for equality and tricks human rights, was interrupted by her death when at the age of essay contest graders, 35. A Raisin in steps to writing, the Sun, the play we are going to essay contest discuss in this paper was the explore plato thesis that knowledge is of the forms first play written by essay graders, an Afro-American woman to be produced and staged on Broadway. It won the New York Drama Critics Circle Award, the one of the most important in the American theatre circles. Lorraine Hansberry was the youngest and the first Afro-American writer who managed to win this award. Hansberry confessed later that she aimed to show “the many gradations in even one Negro family.” The characters of format abstract, her stories dream, suffer, hope, and triumph overcoming the enormous barriers erected by the culture of the white majority. Lorraine Hansberry was born in Chicago as the daughter of a well-known real-estate broker, Carl Hansberry.
Her uncle, William Leo Hansberry was a Howard University professor of contest graders, African history in Washington. As he was one of the best specialists in the African history at those times, one of the colleges at the University of Nigeria was named after him. Lorrain’s parents belonged to the circle of the intellectuals, people who were socially and politically conscious. Her father was an active member of the Republican Party. The events of A Raisin on tricks to making appear, the Sun were based upon essay for 7th graders, the legal case he won in tricks appear longer, the Illinois Supreme Court. The thing was that after the writer’s parents bought a house in contest for 7th, the white neighborhood, they were once attacked by the aggressive racist mob. To Making Appear? After that they went to the court, and won the discrimination case. The writer began to gather information about Africa at a very early age, she was interested in the history and culture of the country where her ancestors lived. Later she used the material she gathered for creating her books and stories. Lorraine attended public school instead of the private one, even thnough her parents had the money needed to essay graders end her there. Being Means Essay? But for them it was the for 7th way to express their protest against the anti segregation laws.
Later she studied art at the University of to making appear, Wisconsin and in Mexico. In Wisconsin she joined the Young Progressives of America and later the Labor Youth League. Essay For 7th? After attending a school performance of a play by the Irish playwright Sean O’Casey, she decided to become a writer. Steps To Writing Paper In Middle School? In 1950 she dropped out of college and contest moved to New York. She took classes in writing at to writing a research in middle school, the New School for Social Research and worked as an associate editor of Paul Robeson’s Freedom. Essay For 7th? During this period she met among others the being means to me essay famous writer Langston HughesIn 1953 Hansberry married Robert Nemiroff, A student and songwriter who was Jewish. Lorraine met her future husband on a demonstration against graders the discrimination in the New-York University. After they got married she had to work various jobs, like waitress or cleaner in order to earn the living, devoting her spare time to being an american means essay writing, but when Nemiroff gained success with his hit song, ‘Cindy, Oh Cindy’, Lorraine could devote herself entirely to writing. The working title of A Raisin in the Sun was originally ‘The Crystal Stair’ after a line in a poem by Langston Hughes. Essay Contest For 7th Graders? The new title was also from Langston Hughes’s poem, which asked: “What happens to a dream deferred? / Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun, / Or does it explode?” The play was very successful regardless of the fact the producer, Phil Rose, had never produced a play before there were no large investors interested. The production was first taken out of New York and played in New Haven, Philadelphia, and Chicago.
In all places audiences loved it. Eventually it opened at Ethel Barrymore Theatre, on March 11, 1959. In New York, it ran 530 performances. Sidney Poitier played the role of Walter Lee. The film version of 1961, also starring Sidney Poitier, received a special award at the Cannes festival. Unfortunately, Hansberry had also marital problems and she and Nemiroff divorced in 1964. Her premature death, at the age of thirty-four, cut short her promising writing career. Lorraine Hansberry died of cancer on January 12, 1965.
Unfortunately Hansberry died too young for her to have the large body of work. A Raisin in the Sun was her first completed play, and it was finished in 1954. The Sign in Sidney Brustein’s Window, her second play was finished in explore plato is of the forms, 1964, and Lorraine has had already been terminally ill with cancer when this play went into rehearsal. But drama wasn’t the only way through which Lorraine Hansberry expressed her social views and concerns. Being concerned about various social issues, like racial, gender discrimination and discrimination on the basis of the person’s sexual orientation Lorraine wrote letters, like those two she wrote to the fledgling lesbian periodical, The Ladder in August 1954. There she expressed her support of the developing gay and lesbian liberation movements.
Lorraine Hansberry is considered to be a playwright, her productions spotlighting the problems of various kinds of essay contest, discrimination that exist in the American society. The researchers say that there were some main themes in Hansberry’s creativity, the things that worried her the most in the world she lived in. Some of those were. Being an Afro-American who had to grow up in the segregated American society of essay beauty, 1940-50 Lorraine had experienced the manifestations of racism by herself. Essay? As she received her school education in the ghetto school she was personally acquainted with the quality of education and the conditions of being an american, studying there, and being a member of black family she witnessed the manifestation of the display of the true whites’ attitude to people whose skin color was different from essay contest, their. She saw all that insincerity and hidden disdain, and steps to writing paper in middle school being a bright and educated person she couldn’t help noticing it. Her wish to give the essay equal opportunities to all the citizens of the U.S was displayed in all of her works, but A Raisin in steps a research paper in middle school, the Sun was the brightest manifestation of it. In her works Hansberry also discusses the notion of the American dream, the persuasion that every person can reach the decent level of contest for 7th, living if he puts enough labor for it, and the result would be proportional to the amount of essay on picturesque beauty, labor put, regardless of the person’s race, ethnicity or faith. The playwright proved that it was a declarative statement which didn’t coincide with the essay contest for 7th graders reality. In her works the writer often compares the what right that Afro-Americans and white people have.
She proves that in spite of the for 7th graders numerous declarations the steps to writing a research school rights of the blacks are often severely violated, they are deprived of the rights guaranteed by the American constitution because of the color of their skin. Hansberry put a lot of attention to essay contest the distribution of paper in middle school, social roles between people according to their sex. Lorraine connected the society’s negative attitude to the gay and contest for 7th graders lesbian movement, and on picturesque beauty its oppression of the feminist movement. The writer displayed the fact it was senseless to essay graders consider a woman to be capable of being only a wife or mother, as women in her works often were more intellectual than the man were. A Raisin in the Sun included all of those themes. It clearly displayed the relations between the representatives of different races, and it showed the attitudes the white had to the Afro-American people. The representations of racism were clearly displayed in the play with the help of the setting the family lived in, and the descriptions of the life they led.
Ruth and Walter are employed as the serving personnel just because they are the blacks, and almost nobody felt it was possible for Beneatha to mla essay format abstract finish the medical school and to make her plans come true. The play also deals with prejudice and tolerance, the authors of the ENotes about essay contest for 7th this book state. It displays the prejudices and stereotypes that existed in the society contemporary to the writer’s. The author introduces the manifestations of the prejudices and stereotypes in the play, like the tricks an essay situation when Walter exhibits aggression towards George Murchison, because he considers all the educated man to contest for 7th graders be less masculine than he is. The play is also about the that is of sex roles in the society displayed, where woman doesn’t have a right to decide for herself, like Beneatha who has to find a man in order for her dreams to contest for 7th come true.
She has been dependent on man for all her life, and she doesn’t rebel, as this situation is totally normal for her, she is interested only in reaching her goals, but she doesn’t think about changing her old routes. A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry was one of the most fascinating dramatic productions I’ve ever read. Dreams are one of the main focuses for this play, the dreams its characters have come through the whole play as one of the strongest motives. The epigraph of the play is “What happens to a dream deferred?”, a poem by Langston Hughes. . What happens to people’s dreams that are deferred? They usually have to accept with gratitude what they have and try to fulfill them later someday. This sets the tone for the play. Basically they all dream of a better life, and some of them are waiting for it to come while the others are doing their best to make it come. It starts off as the typical story of a colored family who can make ends meet but really no more.
They all live in a small apartment together. Living in this apartment was only essay on picturesque beauty supposed to graders be temporary; however it turned out to an american means to me essay be permanent. Mama (Lena), Walter, Ruth, Beneatha, and Travis all live in a tiny apartment. There aren’t enough bedrooms for everyone to sleep in and there isn’t enough income to let them live a steady life. . Mama, Walter, Ruth, Beneatha, and Travis all live in the same apartment. It is not a very big one, which forces Travis (the youngest) to have to sleep on contest for 7th, a couch in the center of the living room. They don’t even have their own bathroom in the apartment Instead they have to use the common bathroom in plato, the hallway. The first description of the room they dwell in it is full of symbolism. Their family has been living there for a long time already, the for 7th graders carpets are worn out, and thy stopped to complain about that situation long ago.
All the members of the family are unhappy about the abstract situation. Since they have been living in the apartment for so long, it seems like the characters have lost hope of living in essay contest for 7th, a where it would be enough space for everyone in the family. Now it is an essay appear, a plain room for this family to essay for 7th graders occupy. Hansberry makes the setting a very important factor, there are always scene directions. This helps you get a more vivid image of what is actually going on, almost like a movie playing in your head. Travis is woken up he quickly goes to paper in middle school the bathroom to beat the other people in the apartments, while Ruth begins to make breakfast. Her husband, Walter, wakes up and they have a brief conversation which eventually turns into a minor disagreement. Walter’s mother is going to get ten thousand dollar from the insurance company and member of the family has their own dream of how the money should be spent.
They get so excited about the contest graders perspectives that open before them, that they actually forget who the owner of the money is. Travis comes into the room, eats his breakfast and asks to give him money for mla essay format abstract something he has to buy. Ruth actually has the needed sum in for 7th, her purse, but the reason isn’t valid for her, thus she refuses to provide the money. To spite Ruth the father gives the boy a dollar. This becomes symbolic because further along in steps a research in middle, the act, Walter asks Ruth for for 7th money to get to work. He gave his only money to his son, not some of it, but all of it. Ruth, who refused to give Travis fifty cents, gives her husband a dollar and essay on picturesque beauty tells him to contest take a taxi cab to work.
Ruth has some money, but she doesn’t want to spend it on frivolous things, and apparently Travis’s request didn’t seem important to her. There is steps to writing paper, one thing that everyone is thinking over constantly, and it is how to make their lives better. Mama is expecting an insurance check for ten thousand dollars and everyone in the family has their own dreams of what they want to do with it. Beneatha wants to become a medical worker, which could’ve made her family proud in for 7th graders, the another situation. However, Ruth disapproves the fact that Beneatha doesn’t just want to marry a rich man, like the one she is currently seeing, and be a house wife. Beneatha’s dream is to explore plato is of the forms become a doctor and be able to earn her own living, for not to depend on someone else.
The reason is not that she doesn’t want to get married, but really because she wants to be self- sufficient. She is tired of being taken care of, and living with four other people in graders, an apartment that really is only meant for two, three maximum. Walter, the father of the family also has plans for this money, regardless of the fact it belongs to Mama. He has a friend who proposed him to invest money in an alcohol store together with him. Walter hopes he would be able to make this investment with the money his mother is going to receive. He feels like finally he will be the one who brings the bacon home, a real man able of supporting his family. He hopes that the investment will be successful, so that he wouldn’t have to worry about the small everyday expenditures. Explore That Is Of? Ruth is maybe the only person who fully understands that Mama is the sole owner of the insurance money, but she also has her dream, which’s moving into a bigger house. But she also understands that the money may be a chance for Walter and essay contest for 7th Beneatha to fulfill their dreams and longings. As we can see, this play is about the on picturesque typical colored family in the U.S, about the conditions the Afro-Americans live in, and the actions they make to conquer the obstacles they meet. As the author experienced them by herself it makes the play quite realistic.
Reuben, P. American Drama – Lorraine Hansberry, ch.8. Essay Contest? PAL: Perspectives in American Literature. A Research and Reference Guide – An Ongoing Project, http://www.csustan.edu/english/reuben/pal/Chap8/hansberry.html d. Lorraine Hansberry. African-American Literature Book Club. AALBC Website , 1997. http://authors.aalbc.com/lorraine.htm Lutz, J. K. Death of a Salesman and A Raisin in steps, the Sun: Comparison and Contrast Project.
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Dec 19, 2017 Essay contest for 7th graders,
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Dec 19, 2017 Essay contest for 7th graders,
An essay on essay graders translation as a subject. In today’s world this subject is getting more and more popularity. To Me. There are many reasons behind it. The first and for 7th, the foremost reason is that it contributes to the unity of nations. It also encourages mutual understanding, broad-mindedness, cultural dialogues and intertextuality. But one can hardly think of comparative literature without immediate thinking of translation.
For instance most readers in India know the works of Goethe, Tolstoy, Balzac, Shakespeare and Gorky only through translation. It is through the intermediary of what being an american means translator that we get access to other literatures. Thus Comparative Literature and for 7th graders, translation humanize relationship between people and nations. As an that is of, intermediary between languages, thoughts and cultures, they contribute to the respect of alteration. Furthermore, they connect themselves and the other in their truths, myths, force and weakness. Essay For 7th Graders. From a historical perspective, comparative literature and translation have always been complementary. Without the help of translation a normal person who usually knows two or three languages would never have known the universal master pieces of Dante, Shakespeare, Borges, Kalidas, and Cervantes etc. A normal person usually not knows more than two-three languages. But if s/he wanted to study and compare the literature of two or more languages s/he must be familiar with those languages and cultures. If s/he does not know any of that particular language s/he can take help of translation.
Those texts might be translated by someone else who knows that language and the comparatist can use that translated text to solve his/her purpose. So one can say that: a. Each one of them comparative literature and translation are interconnected. b. A common man can come closer to an american means to me, the major writers of different fields. c. Essay For 7th. With the medium of translating literature from distinct text or languages one can figure out its sociology, philosophy, psychology as well as all their culture. d. Either translation or through comparison the explore plato thesis that the forms, problems of particular area’s people will analysed. e. With the help of contest graders translation a text become able to get a wider range of readers. Comparative literature is a discipline dedicated to the study of literature without national and linguistic barriers. The student of comparative literature study problems in genre, mode, literary period or movement. The comparatists probe the mechanics of literary forms and engage themselves in mla essay the analysis of essay contest for 7th existing theoretical and critical approaches and the formulation of necessary critical distinctions of equal importance. The comparatists also deal with the questions of thesis that the forms interaction between literature and other arts and disciplines.
The comparatist may study the political, social and an intellectual context of literary emphasis is preserved. In other words, the main objective of the study of comparative literature is the proper appreciation of literature in a larger perspective, involving more than one literature and specially those growing across the national boundaries. In a multilingual country like ours we have two basic objectives for studying comparative literature. No doubt the role of translation in comparative literature is very important. It becomes more valuable in essay contest graders today’s world when the whole world has become a global village. With the advancement of explore plato thesis the forms technology people living in different countries with different languages come closer to contest graders, each other. Although there is a one international language, English, which is the common source of communication between people but still there is a problem in the study of literature as literatures is usually written in regional languages or languages of that particular countries such as France’s literature is in French and literature of Russia is in being means Russian language. It is essay graders not compulsory that every comparatist will know the all languages. So there is need of translation by which a comparatist can read and understand that literary works which are not in his/her own language. To Writing A Research Paper In Middle School. With the help of translation we become familiar with the customs, dress code, and culture of other countries.
In short it can be said that translation plays a great role in comparative literature. Essay Graders. We can even say that comparative study of tricks literatures from different languages, cultures and sociocultural backgrounds is not possible. So translation occupies a special place in comparative literature. In this age of globalization comparative literature as a subject is getting more and more popularity. But there is no one who is perfect in all the languages. So translation has played a very important role to understand the literature culture of different languages without which we cannot do a comparative study of various literary works written in different languages. Essay Contest. So Comparative literature is a tree with translation as its most important branch. 1. What Being Means To Me Essay. What is Translation? Translation is the essay contest, transformation of a text from one language into another. Though the word translation and elucidation are frequently used exchangeable, by firm description, translation denotes to the transcribed language, and understanding to the spoken word.
Translation is the act of essay three of response construal of the denotation of a text, and later construction of a comparable text, also entitled a translation, that passes the exact content in target language. The text or a work to be translated is termed the source text, and the language it is to essay for 7th, be translated into explore thesis knowledge is of the forms is called the target language. Translation must take into account brakes that include context, the rules of grammar of the two languages, their writing conventions, and their idioms. A common misconstruction is that there exists a simple word-for-word parallelism between any two languages, and that translation is essay a straight forward mechanical process. 1.1 History of Translation.
The necessity for translation has existed since time ancient and translating important literary works from one language into others has donated ominously to the growth of world culture. Ideas and customs of one culture have continuously progressed and got adjusted into other cultures through the steps to writing a research paper, works of translators. Contest Graders. The history of translation is associated to the history of the often unseen cross cultural exchanges of the world. Thoughts and conceptions from the East notably India, Iraq and China have determined the Western culture since as early as sixth century B.C. Beauty. when business ties were first instituted between Mediterranean countries and India. Many curative theories of Galen and Plato of Greece had significantly influence from those of essay contest for 7th graders India.
Many of the scientific and philosophical works of ancient Greece were extracted into Arabic as early as ninth century A.D. This knowledge spread via Spain to Europe which was a mostly a Muslim country then. The scholar of translators of Toledo in Spain set up by essay beauty, Alfonso VI of Leon and Castile in 1085 AD was given responsibility for translations from Arabic to Latin and then to Spanish these technological and scientific work which afterward led to the European Renaissance. Essay Contest Graders. In spite of their main contributions, early translators have repeatedly persisted unfamiliar or in the background and the recognition due to them have not been recognized. They have done their work with conscientious exertions in spite of many contravenes that have spotted in history.
Translators have enabled sacred books like the on picturesque beauty, Bible written in esoteric languages like Latin to be understood by ordinary people by translating them into more common languages without depending on a few clerisy bishops to contest for 7th, explain what they contained. Few translators also had to pay with their lives for explore plato thesis knowledge the forms doing it like the well-known Bible translators William Tyndale who was caught and put to essay contest, death in Holland by the king in 1536 for translating the Bible from its original languages into the common language of English. It was believed that Chinese monk Xuanzang have translated 74 volumes of Buddhist sacred text which was belong from India in to Chinese in 645 AD. One of the most former preserved translations of significant effort in English is steps to writing a research in middle possibly the translation of the Bible around 1100 AD. British translator Constance Garnett made the translating school pleased by essay, her vivid translations of Russian classics containing those of Tolstoy, Chekhov, Gogol, Turgenev, and Dostoyevski in late 19s.
One more renowned translator is Gregory Rabassa who has translated numerous Latin American fictions into English. Dr. Explore Thesis That Knowledge Is Of. Arthur Waley is one of the contest graders, world’s foremost translators of the explore knowledge the forms, 20th century of Japanese and Chinese literature into English. Further Gladys Yang translated many Chinese classics into English over the last fifty years. Translation has played an important key role in the improvement in culture at world level. It is simple to think of culture as nationwide and completely distinct. If we commence to essay for 7th, observe the effect of steps to writing paper literary translation, the assumption of communication besides anything so limited by geographical location is clear. A history of world culture from the viewpoint of translation discloses a continuous movement of forms and ideas, of cultures regularly absorbing new inspirations because of the work of contest translators.
It dispels the supposition that everything begins in the West and weakens the idea of inflexible boundaries between West and East. India, Spain, China, and Iraq have in different ways shaped the culture of Europe. India formed ties with the Mediterranean in the 6th century BC and medical theories found in Greek intellectuals like Galen and Plato initiated from India. Essay. In 9th and essay contest for 7th, 10th century Baghdad, the philosophical and scientific works of Earliest Greece were translated into steps a research paper in middle Arabic and this learning disseminate to contest for 7th, Europe via Spain which was virtually a Muslim country from the early 18th century for 400 years. The transmission extended it highest through the School of Toledo where translations were translated from Arabic to Latin and afterward to Spanish in order to enable the technological and scientific development for the Renaissance age. A history of translation charts these connections. They may be main cause in violent historical controversies and imperial increases but it is never a simple procedure of translation for appropriation. A very few of the history of mla essay translation is well-drafted – the translation of the Bible, the work of missionary, the specialist translators in contest for 7th India – but there remains huge unknown dominions.
Researchers have recently begun to write about the role of individual translators and their translation. Translators like Gregory Rabassa in the United States or Constance Garnett in question is one three of response England have been responsible for contest transforming writing in English by their own translations of Russian and Latin American literature. Essay On Picturesque. In the raise of new political liberation in Eastern Europe have come translations of best-selling American and English writers. The history of translation is the history of the important but often not seen intersection point in essay graders world culture. Translation was an esteemed activity in Britain in the 18th Century, and the field was separated into two completely different areas: translation from format abstract translation from modern languages (French, German, Italian and Spanish) which was one of the few literary genres open to women and the older one that was the graders, classics (focusing on Latin and Greek authors) which was a male-dominated territory, and what an american to me, Yet, there were some significant exceptions in the area of the classics. It was the central position occupied by Translators and their work in translation theory: translation studies has been progressively paying attention to essay contest graders, their vital mediation in recent years. Instead of the fact that the that is of the forms, communicative purpose of translation activities is the central engrossment of this method, Hans Vermeer has fetched attention to contest graders, the degree of freedom, on steps to writing a research paper in middle school the one hand, and of responsibility, on the other, which bears on language mediators (Vermeer 1998: 54). Translators are said to be the experts who should plan and implement those strategies which allow them to achieve their objective, i.e. their possibilities.
This ideas takes translators to essay for 7th graders, the Centre of the stage, and yet it also made them busy in a certain amount of mla essay format abstract risk. Thus, they were the translators who had made important contribution over the centuries in contest for 7th broadcasting of ideas and information to a larger audience, in shaping of cultures and in a sense helped unite the world. 1.2 Need and scope of essay question is one types questions Translation. In a huge nation like India, where countless regional changes in culture and behaviour obtain, and contest, the many languages hold their unique origins and identities, it is impossible to what to me, hold an essay contest for 7th, elaborative and continuous communication between various divisions of the country on a national as well as at international scale. There couldn’t be the accurate meaningful responsiveness of the country-s total literary act. The output without such mutual communication through the means of translation. Translations of the known works of Indian literary creators like Tagore, Premchand etc… been effectively accepted and their writings have been read and enjoyed in all parts of India as well as outside of tricks an essay appear longer India. There has, however, been no organized effort to take up the significant works of each area and present them in a commonly understood language.
Books which has fusion has planned to publish a collection of literary work of English translations of modern short stories written in the distinct Indian languages, with the intention of getting the people together of India on one platform in essay for 7th order to make Indian literature available in explore that is of the forms India as well as the other parts of the world. There were so many translation occurred in the field of literature, the work which did not get recognition later after translation they achieved name and fame in India as well as in contest for 7th other countries. Therefore, it was a required to spread literature of specific nation to other nations through the medium of translation. 2. Types of Translation. As many experts were engaged in the field of translation, therefore they were having their own styles, methods, or techniques while translating any piece of translation. To Writing A Research School. It was also found that they were using different style which has some kinds of contest variation in translation where practically one may find their own characteristics and forms.
Some types of translation are found out because of the variances and likenesses of the source structures, unlike types of mla essay format abstract text that are going to essay contest, be translated and various intention of translation. Abstract. According to Newmark he said that translation techniques connect the whole texts, translation used for sentences and the smaller units of contest graders each language.  Roman Jakobson in Hatim and Munday brings an important differentiation between all three types of written translation : 1) Intralingual translation, the on picturesque beauty, same language convey its meaning in the form of rewording or paraphrase, in order to achieve its meaning, 2) Interlingual translation, which mainly focuses to such translation which was carried out from essay contest for 7th one language to another, 3) Intersemiotic translation, this kind of translation deals with verbal sign by non-verbal sign for example audio- visual images like music or pictures. According to Nababan the kinds of translation, such as word for explore thesis that the forms word translation, literal translation, dynamic translation, pragmatic translation, free translation, , aesthetic-poetic translation, ethnographic translation, linguistic translation communicative translation and semantic translation . 1. For 7th Graders. The Process of Translation. The procedure of translation can be well-defined as the activity carried out by the translator of translation, and the process which is used by plato thesis that knowledge is of, the translator as a kind of user manual in order to guide in translating from essay contest graders source text from into the target language. The process of translation contains mainly three steps, step one is to analyse texts where the translator analysed certain key aspects like structure of grammar, meaning of the words etc. of source language, step two is to transfer in which the translator focuses on the material of the appear longer, source text and the target text which can be transferred based on essay graders the mentality of the translator, and step three is to restructured in order to get the what an american means to me, exact message and make a new creation of the source language into target language.
2. Translation Equivalence. With the essay, reference to oxford dictionary equivalence is exactly equivalency or replaceable in valuate, quantity, importance, etc.  Vinay and Darbelnet as cited in Munday, said that “equivalence denotes to example where languages depict the equal situation by format, unlike rhetorical or constructive/ structural means” . Equivalence stands for the concept of equality, sameness and similarity; it has the equal or a similar cause or meaning in translation. Nida also defined types of equivalence, which are also named two basic orientations of essay contest for 7th graders translation : 1. Formal correspondence. It emphases on the message itself, in both of content and form. Once it is seen that the appear, content in the receptor language should fit as closely as possible the unlike components in the source language. 2. Dynamic equivalence. It is the rationale of contest graders equivalent effect, where the connection between receptor and message should be considerably the same as that which laid between the original receptor and tricks an essay appear, the message. The objective of the dynamic equivalence is getting the nearest natural equivalent to the source message. This receptor oriented method regards changes of essay grammar, of words, and of cultural acknowledgment to be important in order to attain naturalness.
Darbelnet and Vinay interpret that the translation which is equivalence-oriented as a process which ‘reproduces the same situation as in the master copy, at the same time as the completely different words are used’. Therefore, equivalence is an ideal process when the translator using cliches, nominals, proverbs, idioms, or adjectival phrases and the sounds of animal. What An American.  With the reference to theory of Jakobson, he interpreted that the ‘translation contains mainly two equal messages in for 7th two different codes’. Jakobson keeps on saying that it can be different from the grammatical point of view languages may vary from language to language in a greater or lesser degree, which does not mean that a translation of one language into another is impossible, moreover, one of the problems the essay beauty, translator may face is contest graders not finding a translation equivalent. Thesis Knowledge The Forms.  Baker was considered to enlighten more detailed list of graders conditions upon which the explore thesis that knowledge the forms, concept equivalent can be defined at different levels with an interesting elaboration of the notion equivalent can be found in essay as follow: 1. Equivalence which can be observed at word level. Baker defined the term word as it should be recalled that each and every single word can be considered as being a more compound unit or linguistic unit, and it also talk about word meaning. 2. The more emphasis on word level equivalence is given when translating from source text to targeted text. In this part, the translator focuses on the type of word sounding, they are idioms, collocation, and explore knowledge is of, static expression. 3. Grammatical equality, while mentioning to the multifariousness of grammatical kinds throughout languages. Baker emphases on essay for 7th tense and aspects, number, voice, gender and person..
In the procedure of translation; this kinds of differences between the original Language and the Translated form often connote few adaptation in the content. When the original language has specific category in grammar that the Target language lacks, this modification can take the style of including information to the target text. The conversion can take the form of omission if it is the target language that lacks a category. 4. Textual equivalence when referring to the equivalence between a Source Language text and essay beauty, a Target Language text in terms of information and thematic structure. It also unifies the discussion in this division regarding cohesion. 5. Practical equivalence, when referring to graders, technique of avoidance throughout the translation procedure. The following theorist like Nida and Taber, Catford, Jakobson, House, Vinay and Darbelnet, and Baker have studied equivalence in relation using translation process, applying distinct methods. C. Grammatical Equivalence.
The rules of Grammar which determine the method in which parts such as words, phrases and sentences can be mixed in a language. Explore Thesis The Forms. Grammar has its main two attributes: syntax and morphology, syntax (structure of sentence) deals with the grammatical structure of sets of words/ phrases (clauses or sentence), the linear arrangement of category of words (noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, adverb, etc.), morphology is deals with the structure of individual words, the way in which their form differs to show particular distinction in the grammatical structure (example: present/past, singular/plural, number). Distinct structures of grammar in the Source Language and Target Language may make notable changes in the way the message or information is for 7th graders brought across, these changes may hasten the abstract, translator either to omit or to add information in the Target Text because of the lack of specific grammatical patterns in the Target Language itself, amongst these grammatical patterns which might create difficulties or problems in translation.  As far as translation is essay contest pertained, the most significant difference between lexical choices and plato that is of the forms, grammatical is for 7th that the earlier are commonly compulsory while the latter are mostly optional. In the course of translation, this kinds of different between SL and the TL frequently mean some modification in to me the content of information. Number is a change in the form of a word (usually by essay for 7th graders, adding a suffix) to on picturesque beauty, indicate a change in its grammatical function of verbs, adjectives, nouns, pronouns, and determiners to indicate dual, singular and plural forms. Distinguished three classes of number: dual (‘two’), singular (‘one’), and plural (‘more than two’).  The thought of countability is may be common, but it is believed that many language do not have same grammatical category of number, even it is found that they might create differences at the lexical meaning. The word gender, typically ascribed to Protagoras in Shery Simon, is came from essay contest for 7th a term meaning kind or class and adverted to the part of Greek nouns into feminine, masculine and neuter. Gander is grammatical classification according to which a noun or pronoun is categorised as feminine or masculine. Morphological (concerned with the formation of admissible words in a language) kind of the verb used to an essay appear longer, indicate the singular and plural finite verb kinds as ‘speaker’ (1st person), ‘addressee’ (2nd person), or a ‘person, place or thing’ concerned to essay graders, in the utterance (3rd person). Sub-group of pronouns which denote to individuals is as the speaker (I, we), addressee (you) or other persons, things (S/he, it) (comprehensive vs. non- comprehensive).The classification of person links to the notion of participant functions. Tense and to making appear, Aspect.
English has dual mode tense structures, so that in place of the graders, past tense form was, we could apply the matching present tense form is.  Aspect is a terminology applied to draw the time of the a five-paragraph essay is one types of response, activity delineate by a verb whether the activity is essay contest for 7th graders ongoing or accomplished.  In those languages which have these classifications, the form of the verb regularly provides two kinds of information: aspectual differences and time relations. Voice is grammatical or a structural set that specifies the bondage between subjects and verbs. Mla Essay Format Abstract. It considers the active clauses if the subjects have role creditworthy to perform action, and it considers passive clause if the subject is the impacted abstraction. Essay For 7th Graders.  D. Translation Process. Translation processes or translation shifts are outlined as “the littlest linguistic adapts taking place in translation of steps Source Text to Target Text”.  Translation is an area of different processes. Essay. Translation processes are used to acquire similitude between source text and target text in translation process. There are many varieties of tricks to making appear translation practises, but the author want to look into some operation that must be use by translator to essay graders, adjust to the rhetorical requirements and grammatical patterns of the target text. These assumptions are elaborated below.
The difference can bring the form of including to the target text information which is not conveyed in the source language, if the target text has the grammatical category which the format, source text lacks.  Information which is not seen in the source language may be added to the target language. Baker denotes to deletion as “skip of a lexical part due to semantic patterns or grammatical of the receivers language”. In the course of translating, the replacement of information content of message can be done in the form of eliminating information in contest for 7th the source text, if the target text lacks a grammatical pattern. Structural adjustment is one more significant method for acquiring equivalence between source language text and target language text. Structural adjustment is also termed shift, or alteration, or transposition. Newmark says that “A ‘shift’ (Catford’s point) or ‘transposition’ (Vinay and what being to me essay, Darbelnet) is contest for 7th a translation process including a modification in the grammar from Source Language to Target Language”. There are four types of transposition:  Type 1: the change from singular to plural (and vice versa), or in the position of the adjective. Type 2: the change in grammatical structure from SL to TL because SL grammatical structure does not exist in TL. Type 3: an alternative to when literal translation of SL text may not accord with natural usage in TL. Such alternatives include:
The joined form of adjective participle (i.e. adjective formed from being means essay a verb) and noun, or noun phrase in SL becomes noun + noun form in TL. Clause in the form of participial (i.e. verb form sharing the functions of a noun) in SL is expressed into its direct form in TL. Type 4: the replacement of a virtual lexical gap by a grammatical structure. The emphasis in SL is shown through TL regular grammatical construction. There are many kinds of translation procedures. Translation procedures will make easily to get grammatical equivalence between source language and target language in the process of translation.
E. Contest. Evaluation in Translation Studies. Evaluation in translation hence goes beyond the assessment of specific translations and must study into account other devices. Mla Essay Format Abstract. In this study, the researcher uses the form of for 7th graders comparable assessment according to Nababan:  Scale Definition Category. 1 The intending of words, phrases, clauses and sentences of source language text can be shifted to the target language text incorrectly or omission. 2 Large section the meaning of steps a research in middle school words, phrases, clauses and sentences of source language text had be transmitted to the target language text correctly, but however found out some deformations in meaning or equivocalness translation which determines message. 3 The meaning of words, phrases, clauses and sentences of source language text can be shifted to the target language correctly, there no found deformations in meaning. Table 1. Assessment of Equivalence.
Translation in Global world. Translation plays an important role in creating the classification of ‘world literature’, a word that has arose new exchange in this epoch of globalization. For 7th. Commenting on essay by Eric Bulson, Susan Stanford Friedman, Rebecca Beasley, Laura Doyle and Jessica Berman, the research scholar recommend that the worldwide disseminate of modernism and its native unfolding requirement to be realized by the vital translation job that came with it. The research scholar emphases on lingo modernisms in India from 1920s to1960s in order to express that the impression of translation was by no means one-way or aimed towards the West. Translation both languages from native and non- native was an tricks to making an essay appear longer, essential part in the mood of Indian modernist writing, specifically as written in the poetry mags of the early 20th century.
At the same time native and diverse culture ambiance of this modernist literary accumulation, far more substantial and far-reaching than Indian literature in English, can only be comprehended via continuation of expansion of modernism’s translation. Therefore, Translation studies holds developing and flourishing its field of research. The discussion that designed the consolidation of cultural and essay graders, linguistic views remains far behind, and the evolution of pragmatic approaches, narrative approaches, and critical discourse approaches to belief and influence, multimedia sights and incompatible studies of a five-paragraph of the three questions cultural patterns, have moulded translation as a place of agency where cultural as well as social practices– meet and born. Particularly, translation is now considered as an important property of the cultural, social, and essay contest for 7th, political inter connections of what being an american means dealings that take place in local as well as at global contexts, which are no longer encountered from the paragon view whereby messages are conveyed between steady structures and classified norms, but as uncertain practises of for 7th graders negotiation. Perhaps the most exciting growth has been to identify the role that exemplification has in the continuous restructuring of communication; a depiction arises in which communication is not axiomatic and the example of translation between close languages and a five-paragraph essay is one of the types questions, cultures, such as European languages and essay for 7th graders, cultures, is no more privileged. It gets absolved that there are surely not transmittable, untranslatable components all over, and these may be elementary concepts or entire narratives. An example of translation as a technical adjustment in being to me an easy and nearly automatic re-codification is substituted by essay contest for 7th graders, a model in which communication is a productive act with an elusive goal, totally never satisfied and constantly determined by numerous actors: authors, editors, audiences, translators, media factors, etc.; as well as their goals and the forms of realism and the world they presume. This emphases on particular contexts: specific fields (literary, commercial, scientific, medical, legal, socio-political discourse etc.) in which indigenous characteristics have global significances and may be used in a broader model. One of those significances is that ideological and cultural differences are universal along with the time of domains and genres, and to making appear longer, inclined to essay contest graders, ups-well in tricks an essay longer a diversity of contest for 7th graders styles distinct as points that mark the edges between two “languacultures” (Agar 2008) (Faiq 2010, 2014), as Said Faiq has named them in the context of Translation Studies recently. 3. Translation in Multilingual country like India. Translation of literature from an Indian viewpoint, everyone notice that till 19th century Indian translators were not keen about being factual to the unique in abstract manner and matter.
As a matter of fact, the essay contest, epics and puranas, the essay, Sanskrit classics were “recited, adopted, undermined and translated” during the essay contest graders, Middle Ages, without any conscience about mla essay preciseness or accuracy to the master piece of any work. The authenticity has raised an important question when started translating the Bible into Indian languages. Instead of directly dealing with translation in country like India let us find out the essay graders, position of a five-paragraph essay question is one types of response Indian languages in essay contest graders the field of translation. As everyone knows that Indian populations have multilingualism though they were given more emphasis on mla essay format abstract a common heritage. There were original versions of Mahabharata and Ramayana in all main languages and therefore it was not needed to be translated. Essay. The group of abstract people those who were illiterate were enjoying it orally from for 7th their own language. But when the time comes of being means educated people observed at other languages by the percolate of English language. Translation was promoted in their own way by British for their profit. ‘Manusmriti’ was translated in order to govern Indians through their native laws by William Jones’. But the self-awareness brought by promotion of translation and essay contest, the outcome of the independence movement directed to a large amount of translation activity, which made the patriot works of Bankimchandra in Bengali and Khandekar in Marathi available to lots of readers in difference languages.
The aspiration of translation was enhanced because of the Nobel Prize of literature in 1913 and it arose speedily after 1947; the main reasons behind it was getting the national literary awards. As it was observed, translation is frequently came with “the institutional arrangement of being an american means to me essay state power” Translation of Indian Literature into English has progressed to the centre with concern expressed by our reviewers, publishers, seminar organizers and other such groups from the colonial times. Essay Contest For 7th. It is fact that that we do not have an exact comparable word ‘translation’ in any languages of India. What we have used till now are ‘anuvad’ in Sanskrit, ‘tarjuma’ in Arabic, ‘rupantar’ in Bangla, ‘vivartanam’ in and ‘bhashantar’ in Hindi which recommends that the concept of ‘translation’ was alienate to us; what we appreciated in specific language translator created a similar one in other languages, which connotes that translation was not familiar writing for us till the arrival of Western culture. As everyone knows ‘anuvad’ and ‘rupantar’ which is used as a meaning of translation, where there was not any need of loyalty to the original text. The idea of faithful rendering of the original, even of a literary work, came to us from West, with the translation of the Bible into Indian languages by the Christian Missionaries. Whereas the inherited trend in India of change of from implies the compliment paid to a translation “that it does not read like a translation to bind to the main text.” This demonstrations that there is format abstract a main changes found in translation practice between West and in India.
In West translation is essay contest for 7th “a complicated linguistic act”, “while in India it is an unavoidable way of life.” In the West it is examined from various perspectives but in India the focus is more on the positive and meddlesome aspects of translation. As India is multicultural and a five-paragraph essay is one three types questions, multilingual, translation acts as an important tool for negotiations. But the essay contest for 7th graders, sad aspect of translation is that much of the poetry and fiction of the Third World Countries, which is a product of its own tradition, does not get translated because of its least accessibility to the Western reader. Only those of that the forms touristic interest get translated. There are many hurdles to translation in our county. For instance, a study reveals that we need four hundred and sixty two languages. But out of these only seventy eight are available, and contest for 7th, some are without a thesaurus. Thus, in spite of being a promising site in a county like ours, problems of translation are numerous.
We can say that with the globalization of culture, translation became more important. It was father promoted due to the spread of English education. It is also one of the effective ways of linking diverse languages and varieties of to writing a research school cultures. Translation should fulfil this social responsibility and contribute to the society. It is a kind of negotiation between languages which makes two cultures cohabits in a text. According to Wilhelm von Humboldt, translation is a way to understand different cultures, different ways of thinking, expressions, linguistic structures, etc. It implies translation of essay contest for 7th language as well as the nature or character of the speakers. In this way Target Text makes the a five-paragraph essay question is one three of response, target language (TL) more fertile, and hence translation is essay often looked upon as something reconstructing or transferring.
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ethics essay ideas This paper presents over 30 significant ethical issues that remain unresolved and invite more discussion by the general public. Social policy regarding these issues shouldn't be decided by special interest groups and lobbyists. The list below is meant to be evocative rather than comprehensive. Essay For 7th Graders! (I hope it stimulates you to think of some issues I haven't listed. Please feel free to email me and make suggestions for additions or revisions. Perhaps we'll add them to to me essay, the list.) One application of these issues is as a way to assess the effectiveness of contest graders a philosophical system or theory of beauty consciousness-raising. Can the ideas advocated in that system guide or help us in essay contest graders addressing the the problems posed? Ethics involves the sphere of interpersonal, group, and community politics at the level of values–not just what can be achieved or how to achieve it, but more what should be sought, in tricks an essay longer the realm of social harmony and fairness. It is the complexity of the other side of essay contest for 7th graders individualism– other than taking care of oneself, what do we want our collective to steps to writing in middle, do or refrain from doing?
Ethics looks at our proper relations, our duties to each other, indvidually and collectively. In the past, ethics–and a good deal of civil law, in addition–was mixed with the requirements of religious ritual and the establishment of the details of the priestly caste. Contest For 7th! There was no other law back then, around the time of Moses, at least for the wandering Israelites, and when the alleged basic rules were laid down in what being an american essay the Torah, the first five books of the Bible. In most other countries, the law wasn't codified, and although there were traditions, the for 7th graders king was the boss and he could be pretty capricious. (The code of essay Hammurabi, around 1700 BC in the area near Babylon, was a bit of an essay exception, as far as we know.) It took a while to being an american means essay, establish a civil government with some semblance of consistent law, and the revisions of the code re-established this effort. Such efforts also were in reaction to graders, the growing problems of trade, the establishments of small sub-cultural communities within larger communities, and types, inter-cultural mixing, which then required laws that applied to all sub-cultures within a greater empire. (Before that, each minority or mini-nation or tribe was allowed to contest graders, apply its own traditional rules of essay of the types of response questions justice–as long as they paid their taxes, sent their military levies, and didn't make trouble, they were left pretty much alone.) The ascendency of the Church in for 7th graders the West and of a theocratic legal system in the Islamic Empires tended to tricks, re-establish a more theocratic process, but once again this has broken down in most countries of the West and many in the Middle East, so that civil questions are distinguished from religious ones. This preamble is being presented because there's still a sense that our ethical rules are if not explicitly described in the Bible, they are implicit there, and contest graders, can be applied to all modern issues. The Jews actually tried to do this, and the Talmudic tradition was a result, an interpretative tradition that laid the groundwork for some of the later traditions of rational argumentation found in our judicial systems. But the problem is this: New circumstances and technologies really create new problems.
Should we rationally tie our ethics to steps to writing paper, these traditional sources and precedents, especially when they arose out of for 7th graders cultures that may be becoming minority cultures in plato thesis that knowledge the forms our present society? (i.e., English law, English Biblical translations, which were politically biased pro-royalty works, etc.) Beginning perhaps with the Magna Carta and flowering in the 18th century, the for 7th graders idea of rights emerged. The problem is that these were perceived as existing a priori, 0ut there, so to speak, objectively. Nowadays we have become more sharply aware that rights are negotiated, they are social arrangements. Means! As increasing groups of peoples--including, lately, the unborn, and now, even animals, are viewed as having rights, ethics has expanded to explore who should have which rights? Is health care a right, and if so, are we obligated to for 7th, collectively offer it, or should it be something people have to purchase (at some significant expense) from privately-owned corporations? Thus, we are charged with a goodly number of hot potatoes, sticky and pressing ethical problems, social issues, that are more often than not avoided, at least as topics of ongoing rational social discussion. Being An American! There are positions taken, of course, and challenges to these positions, but, alas, rarely is there really rational discourse. So it is for 7th graders, worth while to stand back and question of the questions, consider what these issues are in contemporary culture.
The following are presented in no particular order–I haven't been able to think of a way of classifying them or attributing any sort of rank or hierarchy. The numbering, then, is just for contest for 7th the convenience of referring to what being an american means to me, them later in essay for 7th the paper. For example, if offered work, is the person who is given welfare obligated to accept that job, even if they don't like that work? What if the format abstract decision as to a job being not acceptable is viewed as trivial or unworthy by others? (1) Do we owe people jobs? To what extent do we collectively need to extend ourselves to sustain lines of work that are economically uncompetitive? (2) As tobacco is becoming viewed as less of a socially beneficial substance, what obligations do we have to tobacco farmers? (1) What about strings attached? Can we demand political, human rights, ethical governmental policy, enforcement of human rights, etc. Essay For 7th Graders! before we give aid?
(2). What rights do we have on thesis that knowledge the forms criticizing the ethics and priorities of peoples in other cultures? 2. Addictive Substances –Alcohol, drugs, tobacco. (1) Should we collectively pay for drug treatment? (2) If they enter rehab and contest for 7th, relapse, should they be taken back? How many times? (3) How much should addiction be considered a mitigating circumstance from some associated misbehavior or crime? 3. Abortion : Should abortion be allowed? Is this a religious or a legal issue? A. What about plato if the life of the essay for 7th mother is endangered?
B. What if the fetus is format, found to be anencephalic –no functioning brain– Or if it has some other either catastrophic congenital defect? Is Down's Syndrome–moderate retardation–grounds for an abortion? C. How late can an abortion be performed? 3 months? 5 months? 7 months? D. How early can an contest graders abortion be performed?
Is the explore that knowledge is of morning-after pill? an abortion? (I.e. before the embryo has implanted into the uterus) E. Should the community regulate contraception or is this for essay contest for 7th graders the individual to decide? 4. Suicide: How should the community relate to the problem of suicide? Should there be any legal constraints at all? A. Might it be allowed only to stop the suffering of the terminally ill? (1) What about those who have failed to leave an advanced directive: If they are left in a vegetative state after an accident, stroke, etc., when is it okay to pull the plug? (2). Should a consideration of the legal device of advanced directives be made a compulsory unit–you don't have to tricks appear longer, sign it, but you do have to discuss why you won't–for people at age 80? 60?
30? In college? 5. Parenthood: Is there a right to essay graders, parenthood? Should we support anyone who wants to be a parent in this activity? What if they are thought to be unfit? What makes a person unfit as a parent? (This is related to the next topic of abuse.) How much attention does a child really need? How nice must the what means essay housing be? The neighborhood? What if a parent cannot protect a child from the bullying of other children?
(1) Is it okay for essay contest for 7th gay or lesbian partners to adopt a child? (2) What about adopting a child of a different race? Or religion? (3) If the thesis that child is in permanent foster care because the parent has lost rights, can that parent nevertheless protest against the parents who would adopt that child on the basis of religion or some other ethnic criterion? 6. Contest! Animal Rights What rights should animals have? Our sensitivity to other peoples, minorities, etc. continue to to making appear, expand. We're less tolerant of rank cruelty. What about intermediate conditions, excessive constraints in raising livestock, for contest graders instance?
Animal laboratory testing? A. Supervision and regulation of animal farms, e.g., dog-raising kennels. 7. An American To Me! Heroic Medicine : How sacred is life itself? How heroic are we obligated to be in near-terminal conditions? A. How much money should be spent to attempt to keep alive a 2 month-premature infant? A 3-month premature infant? The limits of viability gradually are pushed down along with an for 7th graders exponential increase in cost and resources.
Just because science can do something, it raises the mla essay abstract question whether it should be done. Expensive AIDS treatment for those whose lives were reckless? Lung transplants or other heroic treatments for inveterate smokers? Rehab, surgery, etc. for essay contest for 7th graders victims of reckless driving and motorcycling without helmets? Or should health care attempt to be blind and non-judgmental as to the source of steps to writing a research paper school illness (All this is contest for 7th graders, related to item 1-B and 4-C.) 8. Safety Standards : What standards of safety do we wish to is of the forms, set? Is there a right to for 7th, be protected even from our own foolishness? A. Should government get out of the explore plato knowledge is of the forms business of telling people what substances they can or can not put into essay contest for 7th graders their bodies? (A strict libertarian stance.) (1) Is there a moral difference between legalization and de-criminalization?
(2) Are there ethical or philosophical issues in drawing distinctions among the a five-paragraph is one of the three types harm potential of alcohol, tobacco (in different forms), cocaine, amphetamines, caffeine, marijuana, LSD, heroin, other opiates (e.g. Oxycontin), sedatives, ecstasy (MDMA), etc.? (3) What about the whole field of restricting drugs or medicines to doctor's prescriptions? (a) what are the economic advantages of essay contest making all drugs over-the-counter? 9. Environmentalism . Steps To Writing In Middle! What obligations do we have to the environment? A. To what extent must we go to for 7th, preserve species of animals or plants? 10. To Making An Essay Appear! Governmental Corruption: Should corruption in politics be dealt with more severely? What kinds of ethical standards are appropriate for those in greater power, in government or business?
11. Rehabilitation of for 7th graders Criminals : What kinds of efforts should we make to rehabilitate prisoners? A. Is there an obligation to differentiate between violent and nonviolent crimes? (1) should there be protection against homosexual rape? (2) to to making an essay longer, what degree should criminals be supported in the right to appeal? (What if they are in fact innocent?)
(1) What degrees of defense and protection should there be to make sure the for 7th graders innocent are not executed? (2) Would some punishments, such as flogging, be less destructive and format abstract, expensive in the long run and more deterrent? (1) How many chances should people be given for various problematic behaviors? E. What about obligations for restitution to the victims of crime? 12. Supporting Businesses : Do people have an contest for 7th obligation to collectively ensure that others be supported if the plato knowledge economy shifts? 13. Population Control: Is it ethical for a collective to take steps to control population growth? A. China's policies regarding having second children. 14. Is medical care a right?
What is the moral problem of demanding medical care for essay all? What would the cost be? (A). Of The Three Types Of Response! What kinds of mental health care, psychotherapy, is appropriate for coverage by the collective, and what kinds are not appropriate? (B) What about contest for 7th substance abuse treatment? 15. Immigration: How much should the collective extend itself for immigrants?
A. Should we have bilingual education? B. Steps To Writing Paper! What levels of immigration should the better-off countries permit, and what restrictions are permissible? 16. Support for contest for 7th the Gifted : What obligations should the collective take on to foster talent, the gifted? 17. Homosexuality : What should be the status of what an american means gays and lesbians? Are they immoral? A. Parenting rights: See. D. What about bisexuals, trans-gendered folks, etc.? 18.
Affirmative action: Should extra weight be given anyone because of graders that person's belonging to a group that has been considered disadvantaged. Means To Me! Should there be any communal or governmental policies that level the playing field? 19. Freedom of essay contest for 7th graders speech : What are its proper boundaries? Should it extend to include pornography?
To what degree? Now that the internet is available, what kinds of censorship is permissible? 20. Smokers' rights : Should we recognize such a concept? What about non-smokers' rights?
21. Gambling : Should there be any restriction of to writing paper school gambling? Is it a form of freedom, or an invitation to addiction? 22. Prostitution : What about legalizing or regulating prostitution? Is it always a degradation of contest for 7th graders women, a form of subtle oppression? What if some women who claim to enjoy this way of making a lot of money are not deceiving themselves? A. If it isn't a problem for consenting partners, is it a moral or ethical issue? 23.
Privacy Rights : Are the rights to privacy diminished by the demand for a five-paragraph is one types of response questions drug testing for various schools, jobs, etc.? A. Should the essay contest for 7th graders type of format abstract employment have to essay contest for 7th graders, justify its reason for demanding drug testing? Why couldn't a person use drugs on their days off? B. What about medical privacy in a world of managed care? 24. Essay! AIDS Venereal Disease : Now that one venereal disease is both deadly and un-treatable, should our policies and ethics about free sex be changed? A. Is there any place for governmental intrusion or laws, say, to make sure that all people who test positive can be interviewed and their contacts also notified? (1) Is it a moral obligation to inform contacts. What about for herpes or other venereal disease?
25. Tort Reform : Now that liability insurance is beginning to cripple health care delivery and interfere with other industries, we need to for 7th graders, look at the fairness issues involved in civil liability suits and tort reform. What Being An American Means To Me! Should there be limitations, caps? Is there any way to suppress nuisance litigation without also limiting the rights of for 7th people who are disadvantaged? 26. Exclusive Clubs : When are free organizations, clubs, fraternities, etc., against the common interest, unduly privileging certain groups, enabling of mla essay abstract prejudice, etc? A. Are there any contexts where limiting participation by contest members of the opposite sex is mla essay abstract, appropriate? B. Should schools with co-ed dorms also make sure they have non-co-ed dorms for those who don't want to be exposed to the pressures on essay contest for 7th graders modesty in co-ed living? 27. Essay On Picturesque! Age Limits : What should be the for 7th proper age limits for what being an american to me essay driving, drinking, smoking, voting, going into the military, getting married without a parent's consent, having an abortion without a parent's consent, and other age-limitations.
A. Should there be any routine age limitations on the older age side? For which roles or skills? 28. Colleges Supervising Students : What responsibilities should colleges assume in loco parentis ? 29. Grade Inflation : What is the obligation of the teacher, administrators, and general society (parents, media) to essay contest for 7th graders, fight against pressures for essay beauty grade inflation? A. Are there circumstances in contest for 7th which a child who has failed to perform should be flunked, retained, not passed along? When? B. To Writing A Research Paper In Middle! Should kids be passed in the service of self-esteem? Other reasons?
C. At what ages should these policies be looser or tighter? D. For 7th Graders! Is expulsion ever justified? Where should the a research in middle child go? What responsibility does the community school system take for essay for 7th severely obstreperous kids? E. What pressures are appropriate to demand psychological evaluation of not only a child, but also of the to making family? Is this intruding on the freedom of parents to raise their kids as strictly or permissively as they wish? F. When is discipline abuse? 30.
Language Dialect and Accent : Is it all right to discriminate among people because of dialect, when that mode of speech may not be understood by a significant portion of the community? A. Should people be encouraged or even coerced into reducing their dialect? B. Or should dialects be granted equal status? What about jobs or roles in which being understood clearly is an contest important role component, such as in format abstract offering tech support by phone, or other service-related dealing-with-people roles? 31. For 7th Graders! Privacy : What are the what means essay appropriate limits of privacy?
Is it unethical to break a confidence if the behavior that is known involves something really destructive to the person or others–e.g., suicide or murder? A. What about self-mutilation, cutting; or driving while intoxicated? B. Should there be more boundaries on group pressures for intimacy: (1) What about church ministers who encourage people to hug each other? (2) In groups, being encouraged to disclose more about one's life than is comfortable. Contest For 7th Graders! (This could apply to this class, too– so check it out.) C. Recent moves toward a standard or pooled electronic health records opens them to hackers and insurance administrators who then can use this information to deny health care coverage to the people. Claims that these records can be made secure are of dubious validity, even if they are naively sincere.
32. International Obligations : Are wealthier nations obliged to help other nations or governments, not just with humanitarian aid, but with military aid, or even more, are we obliged to what an american to me, intervene if those governments institute or enable or condone massive human rights abuses? A. Essay For 7th! What if the governments collapse in civil war? Or become chaotic and plato thesis knowledge, ineffective? Or allow or encourage genocide (ethnic cleansing)? (Some have advocated a return to colonialism as being more ethical and benign than our self-righteous claims to non-interference in the service of promoting democracy) 33. Essay! Degrees of Wealth : Should a distinction be made between those who earn moderately more than the average and those whose income is hundreds or thousands of times greater than those who earn a minimum wage? Should there be a steeply graduated income tax or inheritance tax so as to reduce this discrepancy? A. What about people who own a moderate amount of property versus those who own extensive holdings?
Are property rights a category that should involve no internal distinctions?