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LDRSHIP in abstracts an Army of thief O.N.E. , Essay by CPL Charles D. Wells. LDRSHIP in an Army of O.N.E. Every private has spent countless hours writing meaningless essays where they babble nonsense because they did something their sergeants did not like. This is not one of those essays. I am going to try to make an abstracts international argument. Ae Psu Thesis? I will first present you with a statement, and when you arbitrarily decide that statement is abstracts index wrong, I will do my damnedest to prove it right.

There are three major Army Publications, one military website, and one civilian leadership program I will use in nonconformity essay modern this essay. Dissertation Abstracts Index? They are: FM 7-21-13 Soldiers Guide FM 6-22 Army Leadership FM 7-22.7 The Army Noncommissioned Officer Guide Tradoc Command Website The 7 Habits of Highly Successful People. The point I am making is that the Seven Army Values of Loyalty , Duty , Respect , Selfless Service , Honor , Integrity , and Personal Courage all remain at the core of soldiering but change as a soldier progresses. School Essay? Remember that an Army of international ONE is Officers , Non-commissioned officers , and time to mark essays, Enlisted . Abstracts International? Young enlisted can learn about the Seven Army Values by essay thinking about dissertation specific examples (such as duty or respect). The NCO’s (and up-and-coming NCO’s), on the other hand, must learn how to the book thief essay grow and maintain it through actions and good decisions. Officers , because of their education, and abstracts international index, their freedom to to mark think outside the dissertation abstracts international box, have access to whale essays civilian leadership techniques. In fact, most college ROTC programs require classes in “The Seven Habits of abstracts Highly Effective People.” Remember, while the Values remain the carver cathedral same, how they are used changes whether you are lower enlisted or NCO.

This is index reflected in the subtle differences between the above-mentioned FM’s. FM 7-22.7 recommends that NCO’s “ stand by your soldiers’ honest mistakes ,” allowing them to sink or swim on format, their own merits while learning from abstracts index, their mistakes. Nonconformity Essay Modern? It means allowing them to work it out themselves so they earn the index respect and loyalty of their peers and their supervisors. Raymond Carver? Without loyalty towards your lower enlisted, your enlisted will not show loyalty in return. International Index? On the expository essay on music other hand, the Tradoc Command Website states “ Open criticism and being disloyal to abstracts international leaders. …destroys the thief essay foundation of the abstracts international organization and results in ae psu thesis diminished mission accomplishment .” This makes it very clear that the abstracts lower enlisted do not have any rights in publically challenging an NCO’s order. Even if that NCO made a mistake (“ The loyalty of subordinates is a gift given when a leader deserves it ” FM 6-22). A single poor decision from either an NCO or an essay on music Enlisted can turn this into international index a cycle of time backbiting and finger-pointing . An Enlisted may try to earn the loyalty of his fellow enlisted and dissertation abstracts international index, the respect of carver his NCO’s, but may make an honest mistake. An NCO may step in and prevent that Enlisted from dissertation international, fixing that mistake, or make an ae psu thesis honest mistake himself. Dissertation? Everybody begins feeling a little bit disloyal towards everybody else. Modern? Of course, this can easily be avoided by using good judgment.

Good enlisted acknowledge when they are wrong, and good NCO’s do their best to help Enlisted accomplish the dissertation abstracts mission and bullion, work through whatever mistakes get made. The simplest answer is “ duty means accomplishing all assigned tasks to dissertation abstracts international index the best of your ability ” (Tradoc Command Website). That is bullion paper term exactly what an dissertation international index enlisted believes Duty is, and time, is the minimum that is expected from every soldier. NCO’s earned their promotions by going beyond the dissertation abstracts call of duty and the book thief essay, exercising initiative. FM 6-22 mentions “ anticipating what needs to be done before being told what to do .” FM 7-21-13 recommends “ Sacrific[ing] personal time in dissertation abstracts pursuit of excellence .” An interesting thought is that duty is essay nothing more than some intestinal fortitude combined with the dissertation abstracts international Warrior Ethos.

A heavy force of will that keeps us on cathedral essays, track and international index, keeps us moving towards whatever mission we are trying to accomplish. A tenacity of purpose. From reading the Field Manuals, Respect is the bullion paper most fundamental building block of trust, and dissertation abstracts index, trust is the most important element of cohesive teambuilding. Nonconformity Essay? It is the golden rule, the dissertation abstracts index most basic customs and a grad, courtesies shared by dissertation abstracts international every culture on this planet. Something every soldier expects. Raymond Carver? According to 7-22.7 it’s the abstracts international index professionalism and expository on music, mutual considerations that allow the noncommissioned officers to work smoothly with each other and dissertation international, higher headquarters, and the enlisted to essays maintain a standard of training that will allow them to survive on the battlefield. Dissertation Abstracts International? It envelopes everything, including the way you give orders, the way you interact with your peers, the way you respect the whale bounds and limitations of another human being (personal space, personal property, use of language or gestures, etc). It is our discretion, tactfulness, and professionalism in dissertation abstracts international the workplace (FM 7-21-13).

FM 6-22 best summarizes “The leader knows that the Army cannot function except as a team. For a team to excel, the whale rider individual must give up self-interest for the good of the whole.” An enlisted man could very easily chop Selfless Service off as another word for dissertation international index, Duty. Both the essay modern Tradoc Command Website and dissertation abstracts international index, FM 7-22.7 describe Selfless Service as your duty towards your fellow soldiers and ae psu thesis, your team. It is important that leaders do not confuse Selfless Service with Duty. Abstracts Index? FM 7-21-13 proposes the essays following points: Focus your priorities on dissertation abstracts, service to the Nation. Place the needs of the Army, your unit and bullion, your fellow soldiers above your personal gain. Balance the mission, your family, and your personal needs.

Accept personal responsibility for your own performance . Ultimately, FM 7-22.7 says it best “Placing […] your soldiers’ welfare before your personal desires has always been key to the uniqueness of the American NCO,” which is, as we all know, the backbone of the dissertation abstracts army. The Book Thief Essay? An officer may point out that this concept of dissertation international index Selfless Service extends throughout American Society, and expository essay on music, is what makes the dissertation international United States of whale essays America the abstracts greatest country in to mark the world. Community leaders, the Roosevelt New Deals, and dissertation abstracts index, even the American Work Ethic is based upon the ideal of nonconformity essay modern selfless service. International Index? In social philosophy, this is expository essay called “Social Utilitarianism,” where social benefit is dissertation index more important than personal benefit. A scholar could very easily turn a company clean around using only the term principles of Social Utilitarianism.

Both the abstracts index Tradoc website and 7-22.7 state “[Honor] starts with being honest with oneself and paper, being truthful and dissertation, sincere in all our actions ”. An honorable individual does not delude, confuse, or deny himself the truth. How can an essay individual or team be truly mission capable if he/they cannot accept the facts the way they are. If a person is honest with himself, then not even ignorance can be used as an excuse, because actions could have been made to prevent that ignorance. Dissertation International? “Stonewall” Jackson What is cathedral life without honor? Degradation is dissertation abstracts international worse than death (FM 7-22.7). This goes far beyond the concept of “face,” where a persons public image is the how to format a grad school essay primary concern. Stonewall Jackson was referring to the degradation of good training, good health, good work ethics, good team cohesion, etc. Abstracts International Index? Degradation is anything that takes away from nonconformity, Mission Readiness. Dissertation International? According to 7-21-13 “ Noticing a problem and deciding to take action involves Honor .” Those problems are probably an example of ae psu thesis or a cause of degradation.

To ignore or reinforce a problem, or to prevent someone else from solving a problem, is dissertation abstracts dishonorable. It takes away from Mission Readiness. Nonconformity? It promotes the further degradations of the dissertation international individual and the individuals’ peers and/or subordinates. “ Leaders of essay modern integrity consistently act according to clear principles, not just what works now ” (FM 6-22). International Index? These clear principles are aimed towards the bullion welfare of the soldiers and the mission itself. Abstracts? Quickly sending the most accurate information up the chain of command regardless of ae psu thesis personal embarrassment is essential for abstracts international index, mission accomplishment. Format A Grad School? These clear principles must take the dissertation both the individual soldiers and the nature of the mission into consideration. Its easy to get caught up in what seems to the book essay work right now, even if it may cost the group in abstracts the long run. Again from nonconformity, 6-22 “ Identifying the abstracts international index underlying maintenance issues and raising the quality bar could ultimately save Soldiers’ lives. ” FM 7-21-13, The Soldiers Guide summarizes, “[ Soldiers with integrity] can be counted on to do the right thing, […] without playing games or having false agendas. […] As your integrity develops, so does the essay trust others place in you. ” This playing games or having false agenda’s is what distracts an otherwise integrity-filled soldier from clear successful principles. Again, this is international index one of those values that grows as a soldier progresses. It starts out in cathedral essays every enlisted as the physical personal courage as “ overcoming fears of index bodily harm ” (FM 7-21-13).

But as a soldier progresses its becomes a moral courage “ Moral courage is sometimes overlooked, both in discussions of personal courage and in routine, daily activities. Moral courage often expresses itself as candor. Candor means being frank, honest, and sincere with others while keeping your words free from bias, prejudice, or malice .” Being willing to stick your own head out, or to take point, or to bullion paper term observe a problem and try to step up and dissertation international, solve it before it gets worst requires personal courage. School? To reward moral and physical Personal Courage is to reward Bravery itself. Civilian Leadership Techniques. Index? All seven of the whale rider Army Values are reflected by soldiers’ actions and abstracts, decision making ability, loyalty is essay earned by taking just and fair actions, duty itself is dissertation abstracts index nothing more than taking appropriate action, respect shines through actions not words, etc. Anything that helps a soldier make better decisions can be included in raymond carver essays the Warrior Ethos and dissertation abstracts index, the Seven Army Values. One especially useful tool for making appropriate actions and essays, making good decisions is the 7 Habits of Highly Successful People. Be Pro-active . Abstracts Index? Here, Covey emphasizes the nonconformity modern original sense of the international index term proactive as coined by Victor Frankl. Raymond Carver Essays? You can either be proactive or reactive when it comes to abstracts international index how you respond to certain things.

When you are reactive, you blame other people and circumstances for obstacles or problems. Ae Psu Thesis? Being proactive means taking responsibility for every aspect of your life. Initiative and abstracts international, taking action will then follow. Covey also shows how man is different from carver, other animals in that he has self-consciousness. He has the dissertation abstracts ability to detach himself and observe his own self; think about his thoughts. Bullion Paper Term? He goes on to say how this attribute enables him: It gives him the power not to be affected by his circumstances. Covey talks about dissertation index stimulus and response. Between stimulus and response, we have the power of free will to essay modern choose our response. Begin with the End In Mind . This chapter is dissertation abstracts international index about setting long-term goals based on true north principles. Covey recommends formulating a personal vision statement to the book thief document one's perception of one's own vision in dissertation international index life. He sees visualization as an essay important tool to dissertation abstracts index develop this.

He also deals with organizational vision statements, which he claims to raymond be more effective if developed and supported by dissertation abstracts index all members of an organization rather than prescribed. Put First Things First . Bullion Term? Here, Covey describes a framework for prioritizing work that is abstracts aimed at short-term goals, at the expense of tasks that appear not to be urgent, but are in fact very important. Delegation is presented as an time important part of time management. Successful delegation, according to Covey, focuses on dissertation international, results and benchmarks that are to essays be agreed upon in advance, rather than prescribed as detailed work plans. Dissertation? Think Win/Win describes an attitude whereby mutually beneficial solutions are sought that satisfy the needs of thief oneself, or, in the case of a conflict, both parties involved.

Seek First to Understand, Then to be Understood . Covey warns that giving out advice before having empathetically understood a person and their situation will likely result in rejection of that advice. Thoroughly reading out your own autobiography will decrease the dissertation abstracts international chance of establishing a working communication. Synergize describes a way of working in teams. Time To Mark Essays? Apply effective problem solving. Apply collaborative decision making. Value differences. Build on divergent strengths. Leverage creative collaboration. Embrace and leverage innovation.

It is abstracts international put forth that when synergy is pursued as a habit, the whale result of the dissertation international index teamwork will exceed the sum of what each of the thief members could have achieved on their own. Dissertation Abstracts International Index? “The whole is greater than the sum of ae psu thesis its parts.” Sharpen the international saw focuses on whale rider essays, balanced self-satisfaction: Regain what Covey calls production capability by engaging in carefully selected recreational activities. What My Mother Taught Me: These famous quotes, applied to dissertation international index the ARMY of ONE paradigm, reflect the best application of the BE-DO-KNOW approach to METL. Perhaps sergeants must BE in order to be able to essays DO. But could it be the abstracts index opposite for bullion term, the enlisted? Perhaps the dissertation international lower enlisted must be able to whale rider DO before they can BE! And if the dissertation abstracts international index NCO’s are BEing and time essays, then DOing, and the Enlisted are DOing and dissertation abstracts international index, the BEing, then maybe the on music only thing the abstracts officers will ever need to carver do is international index twiddle their thumbs and go DO BE DO BE DO. On Music? You need to be a member of LegacyConnect to add comments! Please be respectful of others.

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new york life essay Nicholas Handler, is a junior at Yale University majoring in history. Handler is active in social justice organizations and hopes to dissertation, become a human rights lawyer. I never expected to gain any new insight into carver essays, the nature of my generation, or the changing landscape of American colleges, in Lit Theory. Lit Theory is supposed to be the class where you sit at the back of the dissertation index, room with every other jaded sophomore wearing skinny jeans, thick-framed glasses, an ironic tee-shirt and over-sized retro headphones, just waiting for lecture to be over essay, so you can light up a Turkish Gold and walk to lunch while listening to Wilco. That’s pretty much the way I spent the course, too: through structuralism, formalism, gender theory, and post-colonialism, I was far too busy shuffling through my iPod to see what the patriarchal world order of capitalist oppression had to do with Ethan Frome. Dissertation Abstracts International? But when we began to ae psu thesis, study postmodernism, something struck a chord with me and made me sit up and look anew at the seemingly blase college-aged literati of which I was so self-consciously one.

Letter: Fortunately, College Has Changed. This is in dissertation index, regard to your college essay contest that took place last year. The essay entitled Fortunately, College Has Changed by Matthew Bender from the University of Arkansas has several factual errors and insinuations. The Book Essay? Then entire first and second paragraphs are neither chronologically or factually correct. Abstracts International Index? How do I know that there are errors? Because I am Mervin Jebaraj, the person referred to essay on music, in the opening paragraph.

1. A committee of students wrote the actual text of a proposed bill not a note. The idea began in November of 2007 and international index, not in the spring. 2. There was no staying up all night, and essay, there was no on campus bbq. The committee obtained a meeting with Sen. Madison after a lot of work and didn’t just pass a note to dissertation international index, her. The committee also spent months working with her and other legislators. to see the resolution passed. We don’t appreciate the trivialising narrative of our work.

3. The resolution never asked for the creation of essays socially aware investments, the options already existed. 4. The conference I went to was well after the divestment process and was to share ideas about divestment with others as opposed to receiving inspiration for dissertation abstracts, divestment. 5. There is an implication that I was skinny dipping and smoking marijuana in bullion paper term, Belize. Neither is true. I hold the New York times in abstracts international index, the highest regard and hope that you will take this seriously. In the ae psu thesis, future, I hope you check the. veracity of statements made before you publish them. Mervin Jebaraj, Research Assistant, Center for dissertation international index, Business and Economic Research. Liz Addison , 38, is a biology major whose goal is to become a large animal veterinarian. She has trained a winning racehorse and whale rider, is interested in American presidential history. Oh, the hand wringing. “College as America used to understand it is coming to an end,” bemoans Rick Perlstein and his beatnik friend of fallen face.

Those days, man, when a pretentious reading list was all it took to dissertation abstracts international, lift a child from essays suburbia. When jazz riffs hung in the dorm lounge air with the smoke of a thousand bongs, and college really mattered. Really mattered? Rick Perlstein thinks so. It mattered so much to him that he never got over his four years at the University of international index Privilege. So he moved back to nonconformity essay modern, live in its shadow, like a retired ballerina taking a seat in the stalls. But when the curtain went up he saw students working and studying and dissertation, working some more.

Adults before their time. Today, at the University of Privilege, the expository, student applies with a Curriculum Vitae not a book list. Shudder. Frankie Thomas , is a junior majoring in cinema-television critical studies, with a minor in gender studies. Her immediate plans include dropping out at the end of the year to write and/or travel. She is a film maker and a blogger, with interests ranging from the dissertation, social history of the Victorian era to birdwatching to the novels of Dawn Powell.

I had the kind of college experience most people only dream about. Charged by whale rider essays the atmosphere of intellectual exploration, inspired by professors who pushed me farther than I’d ever imagined I could go, I made fascinating new friends at dissertation abstracts index, Skidmore; together we discovered Nabokov and Kafka, Citizen Kane and Dr. Strangelove, and our own literary voices. It was a three-week summer program. I was fifteen.

Now I’m twenty, halfway toward graduating from University of Southern California, and if I had a thousand dollars for every college student I know who Struggles With Depression…well, I still wouldn’t have enough money to pay my full tuition. But it would keep me going for ae psu thesis, a semester or two, assuming I didn’t lose my own struggle and drop listlessly out. As our SATs would have put it, “depression” is to “college campus” as “consumption” is to “Victorian orphanage,” and index, ours is essay on music a generation of wheezing waifs. Max Lance , 23, is a freshman at USC’s School of Cinematic Arts, majoring in writing for film and international, television. He hopes to make his mark either with a “life-changing TV show” or by “marrying someone rich.” When I dropped out of college three years ago I would have completely agreed that college isn’t the ae psu thesis, cultural experience that it was hyped up to be. As I return this September, I’ve realized that it’s a good thing it isn’t. I completely agree that college as America used to know it has come to an end, but I believe that schools have changed for the better. The problem I had when I quit school the first time around was that I never adjusted to international, how schools have changed. Ae Psu Thesis? I dropped out because of my mislaid expectations; the same ones that Rick Perlstein is nostalgic for. I’m going back to school because I’ve realized what the college experience is dissertation abstracts international index like today and I’m now more than prepared to abuse it.

Like nearly everyone in my graduating class, I attended higher education because that’s what we did next. College seemed more like 13th grade rather than a place where I would be opened up to radical people and ways of thinking. I spent my freshman and sophomore years doing what I needed to do to get good grades because that’s all I had done since kindergarten. And even though I worked hard to earn a 3.7 GPA, I dropped out of New York University because of a complete lack of passion for what I was studying (journalism, via process of elimination). Travis Weinger , 21, is a senior majoring in history, with a concentration in cathedral essays, war, revolution and social change. His minor is political science. He is a founder of the Triton, a newspaper at UCSD, and of the Symposium, an on-campus discussion group. Rick Perlstein’s article, boiled down, is simply an dissertation index extended version of the bitching that every generation hears from the one that preceded it: “Back when I went to school, we walked uphill in the snow both ways…” In sum, college mattered back when Mr. Expository On Music? Perlstein went to it because that was when he went to it.

Since college has changed from when he remembered it, he wants us to believe that it has somehow degenerated into irrelevance. The vast majority of dissertation international index Perlstein’s complaints fit under the above rubric. Our college experience is not as liberating as his was (no longer can we simply phone public intellectuals and bully them into visiting our dorms). Raymond? Our activists are not as radical as his were (we don’t take over dissertation abstracts international index, enough buildings). Our connection to the Sixties isn’t as strong as his was (our band members aren’t former revolutionaries). Expository? We are not as alienated from society as he was (we engage our world, not whine about it). Perlstein’s claim that his experience was in some way both richer and harder than the next generation’s is an old one, and is continuously echoed by every generation. Like most complaints of this type, it is largely groundless and dissertation abstracts international, mildly insulting. To respond to it bit by bit would validate his nostalgic whining to a degree it does not deserve.

The Cultural Contradictions of American Universities. For the past twenty to thirty years, we have seen the great degradation of post-secondary education. Conventional wisdom suggests that the problem lies simultaneously within the hands of the politicians and the students. This narrative does not account for the history of college. Paper Term? Throughout the modern age, the role college played in the national debate was minimal. To this date, there has only been one president with a Ph.D., and both The New Deal and Truman’s Fair Deal did relatively little for dissertation abstracts, college and education in general (with the thief, exception of the G.I. Dissertation Abstracts International Index? Bill). And even today, most candidates on both sides of the isle have the same prescription for bullion paper, college: the dissertation index, problem is lack of funding, therefore, the solution is to increase funding. It usually ends at that. In order to find the true crisis of college, we must first look at its true purpose.

A few months ago, Charles Murray wrote a controversial series of columns in the Wall Street Journal arguing, not that college had been written out of the national debate, but that its role is bullion paper too great. Essentially, too many people are going to college who did not need college, but instead needed vocational training. There are serious problems with his logic to dissertation international, be sure, not the least of which is his obvious IQ-ism. While it is true that college is in need of some serious reforming, focusing solely on IQ will not solve them, for IQ is not the only purpose of college. For example, there are, what a professor of mine called, “latent overtones.” That is, those unexpected, and unintended consequences of college learning. Nonconformity Modern? For example, one might discover a great philosopher that he’s never heard of, or another collegiate finds that they enjoy a field of study which they did not expect. But this is, of course, part of the intellectual journey of students. Dissertation Abstracts International Index? College exists not, as conventional wisdom suggests, to change the culture. It exists to create a new breed of essay on music intellectuals. All politics aside, students should exit college not knowing simply what to think, but how to dissertation, think.

This is where Mr. Murray and I agree. He hits the nail on essays the head when he describes the purpose of college, that college is created to train the elites to do their jobs. However, this purpose has been lost in dissertation abstracts international index, a quagmire of watered-down curricula and fluff courses. And this brings us to the real problem of college: the searing anti-intellectualism of the youth. Education is the single most important factor in the growth of the book our country. Specifically, higher education paves a future and provides opportunity for students that attend college and international, gives them a shot at whale, a career. 50 years ago, college was strictly for the elite, high class Americans.

Now, it seems that every common household has at least one family member attend college. But with the increasing drop out rate today, students seem less interested in learning at college and their priorities change from dissertation abstracts index their original goal of nonconformity essay modern graduating. The importance of education today is a growing factor because the future of dissertation index this country depends on the students in college today. College is misunderstood by many incoming freshman. All of the television advertisements and billboards encouraging students to attend college are used as bait to reel in nonconformity essay modern, student’s tuition. Parents encourage their kids to dissertation, attend college after graduating high school because they want to see their kids have a shot at success. However, college is not cut out for everyone. More freshman than ever are dropping out after their first year because college can be overwhelming through everything that takes place within campus boundaries.

The pressures of college whether it’s to impress parents or maintain a high GPA grasps hold of many students while they are in the book thief essay, college, freezing them from dissertation abstracts index work and the book essay, attending class regularly. Back in the 50’s and 60’s when college was becoming so popular, people attended college solely to abstracts, improve their education and learn through the paper, college experience, in hopes of dissertation abstracts international index obtaining a career after graduation. Now, people attend college because their friends or girlfriend go there. Many people attend college just to party as much as possible. College can be misleading for teenagers fresh out of high school, and people who feel that continuing their education isn’t the most important factor in attending college should not apply. College matters because without a thoroughly educated society, America would fall to its knees and cathedral essays, regress into deep depression. Jobs would flounder because the people applying for them wouldn’t get accepted without college degrees. Pat Brown expanded university development in California in 1966 to encourage people of abstracts every social class to bullion paper, attend college and index, gain a higher education.

The reason for his rapid expansion was because the number of college students doubled from 1957 to 1967, and Brown decided in order to improve society and keep America running, more universities should be built to attract new students. However, in 1997, only 54 percent of students that attended college as freshmen graduated with a degree six years later, 30 percent not even finishing their freshman year. Once students enroll in college, dropping out essays, is the worst decision they can make. The opportunity cost of dropping can be detrimental to dissertation international index, a student’s financial standing. Dropping out also means dropping tuition, and students are often left with debt to raymond carver cathedral, pay off depending on which year they dropped out. Entering in dissertation abstracts international index, a low paying job, drop outs must slowly pay back student loans, which is why college is so important to stick to and graduate once enrolled. Expository Essay On Music? The likelihood of students being able to dissertation, pay off student loans quickly after graduating is much greater than the likelihood of a drop out paying off loans.

Drop outs sometimes will only make enough money per paycheck to pay off previous college debts, not leaving any left over cash for the book thief, leisure activities. Once choosing the decision to attend college, remaining in college is the most important decision a student can make, in order to avoid living a below average lifestyle. Young adults are fed by change. No matter how resistant or welcoming I am to change, when all is said and abstracts international index, done change sustains me. Two years as an undergraduate student at Fordham University have been made slightly easier by knowing this about myself, because college means change. Even with the still shrinking cyber community and paper term, the ‘real world’ opportunities offered to many young people today, nothing can replace the rush of change attached to dissertation international index, the college experience. College students are encouraged to make noise. When interviewed by Rick Perlstein for an article entitled ‘What’s the Matter With College” students were very vocal.

Hamilton Morris, a New York bred college student, described a college experience where many students hate school “with a passion” and “don’t leave”. Perlstein writes that Morris’s feelings are proof of a “culture of enervation” which overwhelms many campuses today. Instead of seeing what Perlstein describes, students without hope or the will to pursue their studies, I see Morris as describing a culture of carver cathedral restlessness. Students who claim to hate college but still do not leave are experiencing a kind of international restlessness which comes with the ae psu thesis, package. Students experience change so quickly–changes of passions, opinions and interests.

They are bound to become restless, especially when the off-campus world is abstracts within arm’s length. I often smile to think the world is at ae psu thesis, my fingertips when I am surfing the internet, but the truth is my fingers are touching my keyboard, and dissertation, I am planted in my kitchen chair drinking Diet Coke. College offers me the opportunity to shake hands with the leaders of business, art, science and medicine–something the internet can not give me. College professors do not want students to be excited about school and theory alone–they want them to take their passion into expository essay, the world beyond the international index, campus. I am not writing this commentary for my school newspaper. I am writing it for New York Times Magazine, a publication Journalism majors like me aspire to work for.

College urges me to aspire, to voice my opinions, and yes, to change. The problem with colleges in bullion, the 21st century is convoluted with many deciding factors, resulting in a more complex position for current college students to experience, unlike any previous generation of college students. In my opinion, being a college graduate student and one who has been involved in my school, I can honestly say that the biggest problem with our generation is the sense of nihilism, which is plaguing the abstracts international index, our very core of our being. It is important to realize that this comes not only from college campuses, but the society in general; people just don’t care. If they do care and want to be involved, societal pressures, mostly economic, is what keeps them from paper being invoked with the spirit of the previous generations. There seems to be no sense of urgency when it comes to our generation. Nihilism will do that to everyone.

I also find it interesting that the dissertation index, people who do want to expository essay on music, be involved do not necessarily know what to get involved with. In the 60s, it seemed to be clear cut what the problem was; racism, sexism, or the war in Vietnam. A contrast between the 60s generation and us now is that people do not what the dissertation international index, problems really are. The mentality when speaking to college students; they seem to nonconformity, focus more on trying to get that 80K a year job then the socio-political issues affecting us. It is evident that we value the abstracts international, dollar more so than we value the human struggle. Thief? So apathy also plays a role. It is important to realize that we must do something, otherwise everyone suffers.

Sending your child to college is not an option in American society, and international index, it’s hardly a privilege at that. In today’s fierce and fast paced world it is a necessity For most parents, thought goes into how they will even fund such a venture within the first few months of the child’s conception. College funds and savings bonds, money from relatives and graduation parties, this all gets stored until an entire portion of that funding goes towards expensive college visits. Ae Psu Thesis? Not only does the child want to go to college, that child has picked out dissertation abstracts international index, 10 in which there is an orientation at each for prospective parents. They want to see where their money is ae psu thesis going, as well as where their child will sleep, learn, and dissertation international index, become the successful adult they were meant to be. What is wrong with college? As a successful student at a prominent Chicago school, I, for bullion paper, one, have plenty of opinions on dissertation abstracts international index the matter. Let’s look at “our war” by nonconformity first taking a retrospective glance at Vietnam. My father, a student at the time of Vietnam, was a conservative at a very conservative Indiana school.

He still wore his GDI shirt most days of the week and talked highly of the abstracts international, camaraderie between fellow students. There were protests that were actually allowed on his campus. When the students died in the Kent incident he remembers rallies against the war in their honor. He also remembers reading the names of the dead soldiers with the rest of his class, keeping in somber memory the fight his country was in. Bands of students were scared, there was a draft in effect. Everyone had war on cathedral essays the mind and as those 18 year olds took on their first years of college, they had a lot more to abstracts international, worry about than where the weekend’s keg party was taking place. Essay On Music? They were learning, growing, and forming opinions on the world they were entering by knowing their current events and dissertation index, being passionate about them. Of course, without the internet, their local papers brought them more world events and less Lindsay Lohan. Being passionate about the world takes a certain naivety that forms when someone does not already have the opinions of others so easily accessible.

The internet has taken so much of nonconformity this away from current students. In my experience, you only have to abstracts international index, make a choice on which websites to bullion, read. Looking at our war today, many students walk away from it, choosing not even to recognize that it affects their daily world. There are many more cliques, many more places to falter, and many more reasons not to care. Hold a pen in abstracts, front of you and look at it; notice its size and color in particular. Now, slowly move it away until you have your arm fully extended. Notice anything different? Probably not, and nonconformity essay, that is how it should be. If we remember back to middle school science class, color is index partially dependent upon the angle that light hits an object. But we just moved an object, causing the angle to change from our perspective, and did not notice any change in color.

The pen also moved further away without any apparent change in size. Raymond Cathedral Essays? I forgot the index, intricate details that explain why this happens, something to do with a portion of the brain that keeps our perceptions fluid . What I do remember, and will never forget, is how cool this all seemed and how much more there is to the world when you get past the surface. College is carver cathedral a pretty different place today than it was for my parents thirty years ago. Then again, so were the two worlds in international, which we were raised. Most kids in my generation were not raised in the Sandlot. We did not hang out at raymond essays, the malt shop after school. And we definitely did not attend any sock hops (or if we did, best believe we did not call them that). Instead, we started out playing on jungle gyms with woodchips and protective rubber flooring underneath. Eventually, we found ourselves being chauffeured to dissertation international, organized baseball practice, in a minivan. By high school, the importance of getting into a good college had been seared into us and serious attention had to be allocated toward after-school activities and other kinds of ae psu thesis enriching events to make sure that we were “well- rounded”. Here’s a fun game that anyone my age can play: ask your parents what they got on their SATs.

If they can, you win! Basically, it is like hitting the lottery, since your parents have to be like one out of dissertation a million. High school students in the 60’s did not pay $1,000 for an SAT class and definitely did not go to any Independent College Consultants. As Mr. Perlstein stated, college was seen as a place sort of apart from the rest of the world. Kids went there and were met with new people, ideas, and situations. Back then, as I understand it, college was not seen as a stepping stone or a rung on the ladder. You did not go with the mindset that it was simply a means to ae psu thesis, end, a place to simply collect good grades and then experience the ‘director’s cut redux edition’ of college admissions in dissertation international index, the form of graduate school, an internship or a job. Why College Matters: A Response to “What’s the paper term, Matter With College” I suppose I should begin by saying that I don’t go to a real college. I mean, I don’t feel like I go to a real college.

I don’t take real classes. I don’t live on a real campus. I’m a music major and attend the Peabody Institute in Baltimore, Maryland. Peabody is an established music conservatory, one of the schools of Johns Hopkins University (despite what I say about it not being a “real” school). In his essay, Perlstein is making it seem that today’s college undergraduates and the ideals we pursue are somehow deficient. Dissertation Abstracts International? That we’re missing out. He’s especially concerned that we’re nothing like the bullion term, students of the 60s and 70s. He’s right about that, but that is dissertation index nothing to be ashamed of.

We’re students who want (or carry) the iPhone. Paper Term? We are environmental activists. We’re more technologically savvy than Perlstein’s generation. We get our information and communicate in a totally different way. We’re amazing jugglers. Dissertation Index? We’re a new breed.

It is interesting to read that the paper, defining issue for the 1966 California gubernatorial race was college. For my sake, and international, I’m sure for the sake of a lot of whale my peers, I wish it were still that way. College sounded romantic and fun. Dissertation Abstracts? My friends argue that things have changed in the past 40 years, and that there are bigger fish to fry. The war, for example. Making a living once college ends. When they start complaining, however, about ae psu thesis classes and dissertation abstracts international, stress, I ask them, “aren’t there bigger fish to paper, fry?” at abstracts international, which they sigh outwardly, roll their eyes, and whale, throw their hands up in the air.

I understand where their frustration lies. Dissertation Abstracts International Index? We still feel young in the scheme of things, and not ready to plan out our lives after college. Essay? It feels like we’ve been doing nothing but planning since freshman year of high school. Who has time to worry anyway? Right now, I am worrying if I have enough money to pay the rent this month. Many of my classmates worry how to dissertation abstracts, pay for the next semester. To be honest, when it came to college, most of us never really had a choice. Where I grew up, in Greenwich, Connecticut, there was never the option of “college vs. no college.” The choice was “Ivy League vs. state school,” or something along those lines. The whole getting-ready-for-college experience was important. As you thumb these pages, reader, loyal subscriber, conscious citizen with an appetite for inquiry and thoughtfulness, or may I say fellow American, you tell yourself that you want to raymond cathedral essays, sample a young student’s intellect. Certainly I do believe that my own college experience has been important, even critical, to my life and to abstracts, my thoughts here and thief, now, but young and impressionable does not necessarily partner with a tame, meaningful sense of hindsight… My college experience has fostered some growth.

But for the nation? Lend me some relevance. Am I to accurately describe my confusion with you over abstracts international, coffee to nonconformity modern, tell you how this all breaks down–I fit in international index, the puzzle and I’m one of the corners, right? Politics. Raymond Essays? We don’t have movements, and we don’t have causes. Dissertation International Index? A choice between higher education and higher purpose has been made; show me one text message, fellow student, that you have wanted the whole country to read.

Children live at paper term, school. Especially if they don’t have much of a home life to live in the afternoon or evening, kids live and learn at school. College isn’t so different, only first graders aren’t expected to shape up all by themselves when they appear to international index, be wasting time. Raymond Carver? Oh, college students aren’t either? Pity. I guess higher education isn’t all that important. Maybe the problems of higher education are just fronds atop a mirage of public schooling. Talk to Herbert Kohl, Jonathan Kozol, John Taylor Gatto, men who are trying to wake this country up, and they’ll show you what’s happening to dissertation abstracts international, my younger brothers and sisters. Content in the shade, college students loaf, while in more dangerous environs, under the the book, pretext that they are to learn, children sit down in their desks each morning in the arms of a crumbling system. International Index? In college, we choose to sleep in, not to participate, excel, regress, etc.

If higher education is ae psu thesis important to the nation, why don’t more people act like it? Better yet, if education is so important to the nation’s future, why is it neglected? Important as it is, I feel proud to remember the words of Thomas Jefferson, who often can remind us of politicians’ and citizens’ true responsibilities: “It is highly interesting to our country, and it is the duty of its functionaries, to provide that every citizen in it should receive an education proportioned to the condition and pursuits of his life.” He speaks to the politician, tells him to take a good look at his fellow Americans. What sort of education will he provide to dissertation abstracts, match the condition, the on music, quality of life? If the quality be poor, will he stick to international index, poor schooling until lifestyles rise to the occasion? Try downtown Anywhere, where elementary schools have been forced to remove social studies and arts in favor of apparently year-round test preparation, for standards in English and mathematics. The “need to know” world and the world of raymond essays standardization are one in the same, and international index, columns of darkened bubbles are in no short supply, though there’s still a need to live.

The Problem with College: Why We No Longer See Ourselves As “Part of” a Community. One anomaly of American society is that our universities play only ae psu thesis a marginal role in dissertation abstracts international index, our culture. In other nations, like France where intellectual life is not centered on their institutions of education, this may come as no surprise, but the virtues of American universities are indisputable. Academics wonder why they are allowed to be the nation’s intellectual leaders, but not its leaders, or even advisors, in the political or ethical arenas. Some are resentful of the mainstream society, thinking it apostate, as though they were priests of some outworn creed, but this alienation, which has developed in tandem with the evolution of academia, did not come because the society rejected the university as a social or moral authority, but rather because the university ran out of the energy it took to function in this role. Bullion Term? This occurred, at abstracts international index, least partially, because those of us in college found that the values we shared were not strong enough to unite us. From the time of Plato, the purpose of the university has not been to represent the society or culture in which it exists but to bullion paper, pursue truth.

Most academics, who may disagree on what truth is in essence, would agree that it is a noble and worthy objective. And, since truth is dissertation index their goal, many of them think themselves justified in being alienated from expository mainstream society. This does not mean their views are homogenous; I can testify that, at the University of Idaho (to name one example), the politics of professors in the College of Business are not shared by the English instructors; but what the two departments have in common is their distance from America’s political center. This is dissertation international index largely because specialists in the book thief essay, any field, whether that field is philosophy or political science, tend to feel invalidated if anyone could reach the same conclusions that they do. It is a telling fact that, at least until recent years, there was a higher percentage of dissertation abstracts international self-described Marxist literary critics than blue-color workers. Nonetheless, this desire for academic innovation benefits the modern, university in that it makes professors’ research original; it is for this reason that, whenever universities are rated according to prestige, the abstracts, United States constantly is found to have the greatest number of ae psu thesis prestigious institutions.

Even so, there is another facet to a professor’s job, teaching. This requirement creates a dilemma for many professors: their strenuous educations and meticulous research has caused many of them to become opinionated, but, at the same time, they need to dissertation international, keep their students pacified while educating them in accordance with principles which the students may not share. Thus, they (and the students) learn that it is easier to ignore worldview-related issues. In searching for the least common ethical denominator among the group, the instructors and the instructed clandestinely agree that the values which they hold as specific to bullion, their Weltanschauungs do not apply to everyone, and, if they do, the value of index placidity applies even more. As Allan Bloom wrote in 1987, “[A]lmost every student entering the university . Term? . . says he believes . . . that truth is dissertation relative” (1). While this outlook may work in as far as it prevents conflicts, it is an ineffective communal bond. This is essay because the values of the classroom are provisional and–most students cannot help but feel–artificial. Dissertation Index? They haven’t the essay on music, power to unite the dissertation international index, students and paper, faculty in a community, which requires common interests and mores. In July, The Magazine published What's the Matter With College, an essay by the historian Rick Perlstein, online and invited college students across the United States to dissertation international, respond.

Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to understand it is coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the occasion to critique higher education from an whale insider's perch. To continue the conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and four runners-up, and dissertation international, posting another 450 of the entries in a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by their authors or did not follow the contest's rules.)

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An Interesting Day: President Bush's Movements and Actions on 9/11. By Allan Wood, Paul Thompson. DISCLAIMER: The analytical articles published on this website were written and published by abstracts international index “project managers” of ae psu thesis, certain investigative projects hosted by the History Commons website. Dissertation Abstracts International? Therefore, any views, conclusions, or opinions expressed in this or any other article should not be attributed to the book thief History Commons. For questions concerning an article, please contact the author(s) directly. #8220;It was an dissertation abstracts international interesting day.#8221;#8212;President Bush, recalling 9/11 [White House, 1/5/02] Both images taken at 9:03 a.m.: Bush takes part in a meaningless photo-op, knowing full well the US is already under attack. [left, from Booker video, right from Getty Images] At approximately 8:48 a.m. on the morning of September 11, 2001, the essay first pictures of the burning World Trade Center were broadcast on live television. The news anchors, reporters, and viewers had little idea what had happened in abstracts lower Manhattan, but there were some people who did know. Expository On Music? By that time, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the international North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD), the National Military Command Center, the Pentagon, the White House, the Secret Service, and Canada#8217;s Strategic Command all knew that three commercial airplanes had been hijacked. They knew that one plane had been flown deliberately into the World Trade Center#8217;s North Tower; a second plane was wildly off course and also heading toward Manhattan; and expository on music a third plane had abruptly turned around over Ohio and was flying back toward Washington, DC.

So why, at 9:03 a.m.#8212;fifteen minutes after it was clear the United States was under terrorist attack#8212;did President Bush sit down with a classroom of second-graders and begin a 20-minute pre-planned photo op? No one knows the answer to that question. In fact, no one has even asked Bush about it. Bush#8217;s actions on September 11 have been the subject of lively debate, mostly on the internet. Dissertation? Details reported that day and in the week after the term attacks#8212;both the dissertation international media reports and the book accounts given by index Bush himself#8212;have changed radically over the past 18 months.

Culling hundreds of reports from newspapers, magazines, and the internet has only made finding the #8220;truth#8221; of what happened and when it happened more confusing. In the changed political climate after 9/11, few have dared raise challenging questions about Bush#8217;s actions. A journalist who said Bush was #8220;flying around the country like a scared child, seeking refuge in his mother#8217;s bed after having a nightmare#8221; and another who said Bush #8220;skedaddled#8221; were fired. [Washington Post, 9/29/01 (B)] We should have a concise record of where President Bush was throughout the day the paper term US was attacked, but we do not. What follows is an attempt to give the most complete account of dissertation abstracts international index, Bush#8217;s actions#8212;from Florida to rider essays Louisiana to Nebraska to dissertation Washington, DC. Bullion Paper? Bush#8217;s appearance at the Emma E. Booker Elementary School in Sarasota, Florida, on September 11, 2001 had been in abstracts international index the planning stages since August [Booker web site], but was only publicly announced on the morning of September 7. [White House, 9/7/01] Later that same day, 9/11 hijackers Mohamed Atta and Marwan Alshehhi traveled to Sarasota and enjoyed drinks and dinner at a Holiday Inn only two miles down the sandy beach from where Bush was scheduled to stay during his Sarasota visit. [Longboat Observer, 11/21/01, Washington Post, 1/27/02] The Colony Beach and Tennis Resort, where Bush stayed the night before 9/11. [Colony Resort web site] On the night of September 10th, Bush stayed at the Colony Beach Resort#8212;#8220;an upscale and relatively pristine tropical island enclave located directly on the Gulf of Mexico, a spindly coral island#8230; off Sarasota, Florida.#8221; [AP, 07/29/01] Zainlabdeen Omer, a Sudanese native living in Sarasota, told the paper term local police that night that someone he knew who had made violent threats against Bush was in dissertation abstracts international town and modern Omer was worried about Bush#8217;s safety. The man was identified only abstracts international index as #8220;Ghandi.#8221; A police report states the Secret Service was informed immediately. Raymond Cathedral? [Hopsicker, 7/22/02] After a private dinner with various Florida politicians (including his brother Jeb) and Republican donors, Bush went to bed around 10:00 p.m. Dissertation Abstracts International Index? [Sarasota Magazine, 11/01, Washington Post, 1/27/02] Surface-to-air missiles were placed on essay, the roof of the resort [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/10/02], and dissertation abstracts international an Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) plane circled high overhead. [ Fighting Back: The War on the book thief, Terrorism#8212;From Inside the Bush White House , by Bill Sammon, 10/02, p. 25] It#8217;s not clear if this type of abstracts index, protection was standard for the president or whether security was increased because of essay, possible threats. Dissertation Abstracts Index? An Assassination Attempt? Bush awoke a little before 6:00 a.m. on September 11, pulled on the book thief, shorts and abstracts an old T-shirt and laced up his running shoes. [CBS, 11/1/02] At 6:30 a.m., Bush, a reporter friend, and raymond cathedral essays his Secret Service crew took a four-mile jog in the half-light of dawn around a nearby golf course. [Washington Post, 1/27/02, Washington Post, 09/11/01]

At about the abstracts international same time Bush was getting ready for his jog, a van carrying several Middle Eastern men pulled up to the Colony#8217;s guard station. The men said they were a television news crew with a scheduled #8220;poolside#8221; interview with the president. Whale Rider? They asked for a certain Secret Service agent by dissertation abstracts name. The message was relayed to a Secret Service agent inside the resort, who hadn#8217;t heard of the expository essay on music agent mentioned or of plans for an interview. He told the abstracts international men to contact the ae psu thesis president#8217;s public relations office in Washington, DC, and had the van turned away. Dissertation International Index? [Longboat Observer, 9/26/01] General Ahmed Shah Massoud. The Secret Service may have foiled an assassination attempt. Two days earlier, Ahmed Shah Massoud, leader of expository essay, Afghanistan#8217;s Northern Alliance, had been murdered by a similar ruse. Two North African men, posing as journalists from #8220;Arabic News International,#8221; had been requesting an interview with Massoud since late August.

Ahmad Jamsheed, Massoud#8217;s secretary, said that by the night of dissertation international index, September 8, #8220;they were so worried and excitable, they were begging us.#8221; An interview was arranged for the following day. As it began, a bomb hidden in the video camera exploded, killing the bullion two journalists. Massoud was rushed by helicopter to dissertation abstracts a hospital in expository on music Tajikistan, but was pronounced dead on arrival (although his death was not acknowledged until September 15). [International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism, 10/30/01, Newsday, 10/26/01] The assassination is widely believed to have been timed to remove the Taliban#8217;s most popular and abstracts index respected opponent in anticipation of the backlash that would occur after the 9/11 attacks. [BBC, 9/10/01, BBC, 9/10/01 (B), Time, 8/4/02, St. Petersburg Times, 9/9/02] The Northern Alliance blamed al-Qaeda and the book essay the ISI, Pakistan#8217;s secret service, for the attacks. [Radio Free Europe, 9/10/01, Newsday, 9/15/01, Reuters, 10/4/01] Nearly three hours after the incident at the Colony, another Longboat Key resident reported a run-in with possibly the same men. At about dissertation abstracts international, 8:50 (when reports of the bullion term first World Trade Center crash were first broadcast), while standing on the Sarasota bay front waiting for the presidential motorcade to pass by, this man saw two Middle Eastern men in dissertation index a dilapidated van #8220;screaming out the term windows #145;Down with Bush#146; and raising their fists in the air.#8221; The FBI questioned the international index man, but it#8217;s not known if this was the same van that had visited the Colony. [Longboat Observer, 9/26/01] Later on the morning of September 11, the Secret Service searched a Sarasota apartment looking for carver cathedral further corroboration of abstracts index, Zainlabdeen Omer#8217;s report of an assassination threat. Carver Cathedral Essays? Three Sudanese men were questioned for about ten hours. The Secret Service also raided a beauty supply store in Sarasota, whose owner, identified as #8220;Hakim,#8221; told the agents that #8220;Ghandi#8221; was a member of the Sudanese People#8217;s Liberation Army, a group fighting against international the fundamentalist Muslim government in bullion paper term Sudan. [Hopsicker, 7/22/02] Monica Yadav of Sarasota#8217;s ABC News 40 reported that a few days after the Secret Service visit, the beauty supply store was closed up and abstracts Hakim was long gone. Yadav also learned that Zainlabdeen Omer had suddenly quit his jobs and nonconformity essay modern vacated his apartment. #8220;All I know is he can#8217;t leave town,#8221; a friend of Omer#8217;s told Yadav. #8220;Omer got in a lot of trouble with the abstracts international index law.#8221; The Special Agent in thief charge of the Presidential detail in Sarasota told Yadav that Bush was never in any danger and dissertation the various warnings and possible terrorist connections were all #8220;just a coincidence.#8221; [Hopsicker, 7/22/02] Yet, as we will see below, there are more details of rider, a threat against Bush before he left Sarasota. Bush Is Briefed as the Hijackings Begin. After his jog, Bush showered, then sat down for international index his daily intelligence briefing around 8 a.m. #8220;The President#8217;s briefing appears to have included some reference to the book essay the heightened terrorist risk reported throughout the dissertation index summer, but contained nothing specific, severe or imminent enough to necessitate a call to [National Security Advisor] Condoleezza Rice.#8221; [Telegraph, 12/16/01]

While Bush was being briefed, the planes that would be hijacked began taking off. American Airlines Flight 11 was first, leaving Boston#8217;s Logan Airport at 7:59 a.m. The others soon followed, except for the book thief United Flight 93, scheduled to dissertation abstracts international leave at 8:01, but which was delayed on the runway for about 40 minutes. [Boston Globe, 11/23/01] (For more information on the four flights, see Flight 11, Flight 175, Flight 77, Flight 93.) At approximately 8:13, Flight 11 was instructed by on music air traffic controllers at the FAA#8217;s Boston Center, in Nashua, New Hampshire, to dissertation climb to essays 35,000 feet. The plane did not obey the abstracts international index order and its transponder was turned off. Air traffic control manager Glenn Michael said, #8220;we considered it at that time to be a possible hijacking.#8221; [AP, 8/12/02, emphasis added] According to FAA regulations, that was the correct decision: #8220;Consider that an aircraft emergency exists#8230; when#8230; there is paper term unexpected loss of radar contact and radio communications with any#8230; aircraft.#8221; [FAA Air Traffic Control Regulations, Chapter 10, Section 2-5 ] Air traffic controller Matt McCluskey stands in the Boston tower where the international index Flight 11 hijack was first detected. [AP] If air traffic controllers believed Flight 11 had been hijacked at 8:13, NORAD should have been informed immediately, so military planes could be scrambled to investigate.

However, NORAD and thief the FAA both claimed NORAD was not informed until 8:40#8212;27 minutes later. [NORAD, 9/18/01, AP, 8/12/02, AP, 8/19/02, Newsday, 9/10/02; one NORAD employee said it took place at 8:31, ABC News, 9/11/02] Indeed, before contacting NORAD, Boston air traffic controllers watched Flight 11 make an unexpected 100-degree turn and head south toward New York City [Christian Science Monitor, 9/13/01], told other controllers of the hijacking at 8:25 [Guardian, 10/17/01], continued to hear highly suspicious dialogue from the cockpit (such as, #8220;Nobody move, please, we are going back to dissertation index the airport. Don#8217;t try to on music make any stupid moves#8221; ) [Guardian, 10/17/01, New York Times, 10/16/01], and even asked the pilots of Flight 175 to scan the skies for the errant plane. [Guardian, 10/17/01, Boston Globe, 11/23/01] Is NORAD#8217;s claim credible? If so, the dissertation abstracts index air traffic controllers (including Mr. Michael) should have been fired and subject to possible criminal charges for their inaction. To date, however, there has been no word of any person being disciplined at any institution at any level for what happened on 9/11. If NORAD#8217;s claim is false, and it was indeed informed within the time frame outlined in term FAA regulations that Flight 11 may have been hijacked, that would mean NORAD did absolutely nothing for almost thirty minutes while a hijacked commercial airliner flew off course through some of the most congested airspace in dissertation international the world. Presumably, that would warrant some very serious charges. Again, no one associated with NORAD or the FAA has been punished. Thief? According to dissertation abstracts index phone calls made by fight attendants Betty Ong and Amy Sweeney, the hijackers had stabbed and killed at least one passenger and two flight attendants by about 8:21. [ABC News, 7/18/02, Boston Globe, 11/23/01, AP, 10/5/01, Los Angeles Times, 9/20/01] (One hijacker may have been riding in on music the cockpit and begun the hijacking earlier.) After 8:21, both women apparently remained on the phone with American Airlines#8217; headquarters for dissertation index 25 minutes, until their plane crashed into the World Trade Center#8217;s North Tower. [ABC News, 7/18/02, AP, 10/5/01] These calls make NORAD#8217;s supposed ignorance of a crisis even more dubious. Bush#8217;s motorcade arrives at Booker Elementary. On Music? [A still from Booker video] Bush Leaves for Booker Elementary. Around the same time the Flight 11 hijackers were stabbing passenger Daniel Lewin#8212;at 8:20 a.m.#8212;Bush#8217;s briefing ended and he said good-bye to the Colony#8217;s general manager. [Telegraph, 12/16/01, Sarasota Magazine, 11/01] The first event on dissertation international index, Bush#8217;s schedule was what is known as a #8220;soft event#8221; #150; a photo-op with children at Emma Booker Elementary School#8212;promoting his proposed education bill. [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/11/01] After spending about 20 minutes with the children, Bush was scheduled to give a short press conference at about 9:30. [White House, 9/7/01, Federal News Service, 9/10/01]

Accounts of when Bush#8217;s motorcade left for whale essays the school vary from dissertation international, 8:30 to 8:39. [8:30, Washington Post, 1/27/02, 8:35, Sarasota Magazine, 9/19/01, 8:39, Washington Times, 10/7/02] One account has the Bush party leave the ae psu thesis Colony suite at 8:30 and drive away at 8:39. Dissertation Index? Whenever he left, the motorcade traveled quickly: #8220;The police shut down traffic in carver essays both directions, leaving roads utterly deserted for abstracts international index Bush#8217;s long motorcade, which barreled along at 40 mph, running red lights with impunity.#8221; [ Fighting Back: The War on Terrorism#8212;From Inside the Bush White House , by Bill Sammon, 10/02, pp. 37-38] At 40 mph, it would take about 14 minutes to travel the nine-mile distance to the school. Several accounts say the journey took about 20 minutes [New York Times, 9/16/01 (B), St. Petersburg Times, 9/8/02 (B), MSNBC, 10/29/02], which means that Bush arrived shortly before 9:00. Ae Psu Thesis? [8:46, ABC News, 9/11/02, 8:55, Washington Times, 10/7/02, 8:55, Sarasota Magazine, 9/19/01, #8220;just before 9:00,#8221;Telegraph, 12/16/01, #8220;shortly before 9:00,#8221;Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/10/02, #8220;just before 9:00,#8221;New York Times, 9/16/01 (B), 9:00, Albuquerque Tribune, 9/10/02] When Did Bush First Learn of the Attacks? Why does it matter when Bush left the resort and arrived at the school? Because this is the crucial time when Bush was first told, or should have been told, of the attacks. Official accounts, including the words of Bush himself, say Bush was first told of international index, what was happening in essay New York City after he arrived at the school. [Telegraph, 12/16/01, CBS, 9/11/02] However, this statement does not stand up to scrutiny. There are at least four reports that Bush was told of the first crash before he arrived at the school.

In this map, the yellow star is roughly where Bush#8217;s motorcade is when Flight 11 crashes at 8:46, and index the orange star is whale rider essays where he is when told about the international index crash a few minutes later. Ae Psu Thesis? [Made with Yahoo Maps] Two accounts explicitly state Bush was told while in the motorcade. #8220;The President was on Highway 301, just north of Main Street#8230; [when] he received the news that a plane had crashed in international index New York City.#8221; [Sarasota Magazine, 11/01] (See adjacent map for the location where he is told.) Another account states, #8220;Bush was driving to the school in bullion term a motorcade when the phone rang. An airline accident appeared to have happened. He pressed on with his visit.#8221; [Observer, 9/16/01] The first media reports of Flight 11#8217;s crash into the World Trade Center began around 8:48, two minutes after the crash happened. [New York Times, 9/15/01] CNN broke into its regular programming at that time [CNN, 9/11/01], though other networks, such as ABC, took a few more minutes to begin reporting. Abstracts International Index? [ABC, 9/14/02] So within minutes, millions were aware of the story, yet Bush supposedly remained unaware for about another ten minutes. Claims of raymond cathedral, Bush#8217;s ignorance become harder to believe when one learns that others in dissertation international his motorcade were immediately told of the attack. For instance, Kia Baskerville, a CBS News producer traveling with Bush that morning, received a message about a plane crash #8220;as the presidential motorcade headed to President Bush#8217;s first event.#8221; Baskerville said, #8220;Fifteen minutes later I was standing in a second grade classroom [waiting for Bush#8217;s entrance]#8221;#8212;which means she got the news at carver cathedral, about 8:47#8212;right as the story was first being reported. [CBS, 8/19/02] A news photographer in the motorcade overheard a radio transmission that Press Secretary Ari Fleischer would be needed on arrival at the school to discuss reports of some sort of dissertation international index, crash. [Christian Science Monitor, 9/17/01] Another account notes Fleischer got the news that the crash had occurred #8220;just minutes before,#8221; but notes that Bush was not in the same car as Fleischer. [CBS, 11/1/02] Senior presidential communications officer Thomas Herman said, #8220;Just as we were arriving at the school, I received a notification from modern, our operations center than [sic] an airliner had struck one of the abstracts international towers#8230;.#8221; [Marist College Magazine, Fall 2002] Meanwhile, CIA Director George Tenet was told of the crash a few minutes after it happened. Essay? A messenger gave him the news as he was eating breakfast with former Senator David Boren in abstracts international index a Washington restaurant three blocks from the White House. Boren says Tenet was told that the World Trade Center had been attacked by an airplane: #8220;I was struck by the fact that [the messenger] used the word attacked.#8221; An aide then handed a cell phone to Tenet, and Tenet made some calls, showing that at least some at the highest levels of the Bush administration were talking about an ae psu thesis attack at this time. Tenet then said to Boren, #8220;You know, this has bin Laden#8217;s fingerprints all over it.#8221; [ABC, 9/14/02] Some people at the school also heard of the news before Bush arrived.

Around 8:50, Tampa Bay#8217;s Channel 8 reporter Jackie Barron was on abstracts international index, the phone with her mother, who mentioned the first news reports. At almost the same time, Brian Goff, a Fox reporter from Tampa, heard the same thing on ae psu thesis, his cell phone. [Sarasota Magazine, 11/01] Associated Press reporter Sonia Ross was also told of the crash by phone from a colleague. Index? [AP, 9/12/01 (D)] Florida Congressman Dan Miller, waiting in front of the carver cathedral essays school as part of the official greeting party, was told by an aide about the crash at 8:55, before Bush arrived. [Sarasota Magazine, 11/01] Given all this, how could Bush have remained ignorant? Could he have been out of the loop because he was in a car? No. The previous night, Colony Resort manager Katie Klauber Moulon toured the presidential limousine and marveled #8220;at all the phones and international index electronic equipment.#8221; [Sarasota Magazine, 11/01] Karl Rove, Bush#8217;s #8220;chief political strategist,#8221; who presumably was riding with Bush, used a wireless e-mail device on 9/11 as well. [Newsweek, 10/14/02] There seems to have been ample opportunity and the means to alert Bush. Whale Rider? White House Situation Room Director Deborah Loewer. If Bush wasn#8217;t told while in his limousine, he certainly was told immediately after he got out of it. US Navy Captain Deborah Loewer, the abstracts index director of the White House Situation Room, was traveling in the motorcade when she received a message from an assistant back in Washington about the bullion paper first crash.

Loewer said that as soon as the car arrived at Booker, she ran quickly over to Bush. Dissertation Abstracts International Index? #8220;It#8217;s a very good thing the ae psu thesis Secret Service knows who I am,#8221; Loewer later said. She told Bush that an aircraft had #8220;impacted the World Trade Center. This is all we know.#8221; [Catholic Telegraph, 12/7/01, AP, 11/26/01] Meanwhile, More Hijackings. Flight 77#8217;s intended and dissertation index actual routes. [USA Today] Note the strange loop off course about halfway along the route to term the west, which was the first sign the plane was hijacked. Such a large diversion is international extremely uncommon, and should have triggered an immediate fighter response. Even though Flight 175 left about the same time as Flight 11, it appears to have been hijacked much later. Thief Essay? At 8:41, its pilot was still talking to ground control [New York Times, 10/16/01], but at 8:42 it sharply veered off course, and a flight controller noted that its transponder had been turned off and dissertation abstracts index communication cut. Essay Modern? [Boston Globe, 11/23/01, New York Times, 10/16/01] One minute later, at 8:43, NORAD was notified the plane had been hijacked. [NORAD, 9/18/01] The hijackers turned the transponder back on but used a different signal code. This allowed flight controllers to #8220;easily#8221; track the dissertation abstracts plane as it flew toward New York City. [Washington Post, 9/17/01] At about 8:46, Flight 77 began to go severely off course. According to whale regulations, a fighter is abstracts international index required to be dispatched if a plane strays from its official course by more than two miles or 15 degrees [MSNBC, 9/12/01]. Whale Rider Essays? As the adjacent map shows, Flight 77 returned to its proper course for a time, but its last radio contact occurred at 8:50. [Guardian, 10/17/01] Supposedly, NORAD was not officially notified that Flight 77 has been hijacked until 9:24 [NORAD, 9/18/01], but the abstracts index New York Times reported that by around 8:50, military officials at whale rider, the Pentagon were already discussing what to do about Flight 77. [New York Times, 9/15/01] Note the difference in notification times: 27 minutes for dissertation Flight 11, 1 minute for Flight 175 and 38 minutes for Flight 77.

Flight 93 wasn#8217;t hijacked until about 9:16, but by about 8:50, it was clear that at least three planes had been hijacked. Vice President Dick Cheney, speaking on NBC#8217;s Meet the Press, said, #8220;The Secret Service has an arrangement with the FAA. They had open lines after the World Trade Center was#8230;#8221; [Meet the essay Press, 9/16/01] Cheney never finished his sentence (interesting in itself#8212;did he say too much?), but it seems safe to say that his next word would have been #8220;hit.#8221; Cheney#8217;s statement makes it clear the Secret Service knew the extent of the abstracts index situation well before 9:00 am. Intelligence agencies were suffering #8220;warning fatigue#8221; from so many warnings of an al-Qaeda attack [Independent, 9/7/02], some specifically mentioning the use of on music, hijacked airplanes as missiles (see this essay). Abstracts? Bush himself was given an intelligence briefing a month earlier entitled #8220;Bin Laden to raymond cathedral Strike in US,#8221; and dissertation index it contained a warning from the British government that the US should expect multiple airline hijackings from carver essays, al-Qaeda. Dissertation Abstracts? [Sunday Herald, 5/19/02] So with the clear knowledge that three planes had been hijacked, with one of them already crashed into the World Trade Center, who would have possibly assumed that Flight 11#8217;s crash was an accident? Yet that is precisely what the official story claims. There are a number of different #8220;official#8221; accounts, but all of them stress that Bush wasn#8217;t told until after he arrived inside the ae psu thesis school (contrary to the account of Captain Loewer) and that it was assumed to be an dissertation abstracts accident (contradicting Tenet being told that it was an attack). Karl Rove [Reuters], Andrew Card [AP], and Dan Bartlett. In some accounts, #8220;President Bush had emerged from his car and was shaking hands with local officials standing outside the school when Chief of Staff Andrew Card sidled up to him with the news.#8221; [CBS, 11/1/02] Bush later recalled that it was Card who first notified him: #8220;#145;Here#8217;s what you#8217;re going to be doing; you#8217;re going to meet so-and-so, such-and-such.#146; Then Andy Card said, #145;By the way, an the book essay aircraft flew into the World Trade Center.#146; #8221; [Washington Times, 10/7/02] At a press conference later that day, Press Secretary Ari Fleischer also claimed it was Andy Card who first informed him, #8220;as the President finished shaking hands in dissertation international a hallway of term, school officials.#8221; [Knoxville News Sentinel, 9/11/01] In other accounts, it was advisor Karl Rove who first told Bush. According to photographer Eric Draper, who was standing nearby, Rove rushed up, took Bush aside in a corridor inside the school and dissertation abstracts index said the cause of the crash was unclear.

Bush replied, #8220;What a horrible accident!#8221; Bush also suggested the nonconformity essay modern pilot may have had a heart attack. [Daily Mail, 9/8/02] Dan Bartlett, White House Communications Director, says he was there when Bush was told: #8220; [Bush] being a former pilot, had kind of the same reaction, going, was it bad weather? And I said no, apparently not.#8221; [ABC News, 9/11/02] A reporter who was standing nearby later said, #8220;From the demeanor of the President, grinning at the children, it appeared that the enormity of what he had been told was taking a while to sink in.#8221; [Daily Mail, 9/8/02] One account explicitly says that Rove told Bush the World Trade Center had been hit by a large commercial airliner. International Index? [Telegraph, 12/16/01] However, Bush later remembered Rove saying it appeared to be an essay accident involving a small, twin-engine plane. [Washington Post, 1/27/02, MSNBC, 9/02] In yet another account, Blake Gottesman, Bush#8217;s personal assistant, while giving the president some final instructions as they walked to dissertation the school, remarked, #8220;Andy Card says, #145;By the way, an raymond cathedral aircraft flew into the World Trade Center.#146; #8221; [ Fighting Back: The War on Terrorism#8212;From Inside the Bush White House , by Bill Sammon, 10/02, pp. 41-42] Condoleezza Rice. [AP] Told Again, Yet Still Clueless. Booker principal Gwen Tose-Rigell was waiting for dissertation abstracts index Bush outside the school. #8220;The limousine stops and the president comes out. He walks toward me. I#8217;m standing there in rider essays a lineup; there are about dissertation international index, five people. He walks over thief and says he has to make a phone call, and he#8217;ll be right back.#8221; [MSNBC, 09/02, Telegraph, 12/16/01] The phone call was with National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice. From a room with secure communications, Rice updated Bush on abstracts index, the situation. [Christian Science Monitor, 9/17/01, Time, 9/12/01] The fact that Bush immediately said he had to make an modern important call strongly suggests he was told about the dissertation abstracts international index situation while in the motorcade.

But some accounts have Andrew Card saying to Bush as he gets out of carver essays, his limousine, #8220;Mr. President, you really need to take this phone call,#8221; thereby implying that Card knows what#8217;s going on, but Bush doesn#8217;t. International? [St. Raymond Cathedral? Petersburg Times, 9/8/02 (B)] As National Security Advisor, Rice had to have had as much information as anyone. By the time she spoke to Bush, she must have known that three planes had been hijacked and that the country was under attack. We know very little about the conversation#8212;only that Rice later claimed, #8220; [Bush] said, what a terrible, it sounds like a terrible accident. Keep me informed.#8221; [ABC News, 9/11/02] One reporter noted: #8220;Bush did not appear preoccupied [after the phone call] #133; There was no sign that Rice had just told [him] about the first attack [on the World Trade Center].#8221; [Cox News, 9/12/01 (B)] Tose-Rigell was then summoned to a room to talk with Bush: #8220;He said a commercial plane has hit the World Trade Center, and dissertation abstracts we#8217;re going to go ahead and bullion go on, we#8217;re going on to do the reading thing anyway.#8221; [AP, 8/19/02 (D)] One local reporter notes that at this point, #8220;He could and arguably should have left Emma E. Booker Elementary School immediately, gotten onto Air Force One and left Sarasota without a moment#8217;s delay#8230; But he didn#8217;t.#8221; [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/12/01 (B)] The only possible excuse is that Bush was completely clueless as to abstracts international what was happening. Nonconformity Essay? Sure enough, at a press conference on the evening of 9/11, Press Secretary Ari Fleischer was asked by abstracts index a reporter, #8220;And then this morning, when Andy Card told him about the essays first accident, was Andy Card or Condi Rice or any of those aware of the hijackings?

What did they know when they#8212;-#8221; Fleischer cut in abstracts and replied, #8220;No, at that point they were not.#8221; [Knoxville News Sentinel, 9/11/01] So supposedly, 15 minutes after the first crash, none of Bush#8217;s aides, not even Rice back in Washington, DC, knew a thing about the essay modern hijackings that had been reported to dissertation abstracts international NORAD 20 minutes earlier? This simply is not plausible. Booker Elementary School. [MSNBC] Bush#8217;s Confused Recollection. Bush#8217;s own recollection of the whale first crash only complicates the picture. Less than two months after the attacks, Bush made the preposterous claim that he had watched the first attack as it happened on dissertation, live television. This is the seventh different account of how Bush learned about the first crash (in his limousine, from Loewer, from Card, from expository on music, Rove, from Gottesman, from Rice, from index, television).

On December 4, 2001, Bush was asked: #8220;How did you feel when you heard about the terrorist attack?#8221; Bush replied, #8220;I was sitting outside the classroom waiting to nonconformity modern go in, and I saw an airplane hit the international index tower#8212;the TV was obviously on. And I used to fly, myself, and whale rider essays I said, well, there#8217;s one terrible pilot. I said, it must have been a horrible accident. But I was whisked off there, I didn#8217;t have much time to think about dissertation abstracts, it.#8221; [White House, 12/4/01] There was no film footage of the first attack until at least the following day, and essay modern Bush didn#8217;t have access to a television until 15 or so minutes later. [Washington Times, 10/7/02] The Boston Herald later noted, #8220;Think about that. Bush#8217;s remark implies he saw the first plane hit the tower. Dissertation International Index? But we all know that video of the first plane hitting did not surface until the next day.

Could Bush have meant he saw the carver second plane hit#8212;which many Americans witnessed? No, because he said that he was in index the classroom when Card whispered in his ear that a second plane hit.#8221; [Boston Herald, 10/22/02] Bush#8217;s recollection has many precise details. Is he simply confused? It#8217;s doubly strange why his advisors didn#8217;t correct him or#8212;at the very least#8212;stop him from rider essays, repeating the same story only four weeks later. [White House, 1/5/02, CBS, 9/11/02] On January 5, 2002, Bush stated: #8220;Well, I was sitting in a schoolhouse in international index Florida#8230; and nonconformity my Chief of Staff #150; well, first of all, when we walked into the classroom, I had seen this plane fly into the first building. There was a TV set on. And you know, I thought it was pilot error and I was amazed that anybody could make such a terrible mistake. And something was wrong with the plane#8230;#8221; [White House, 1/5/02] Unfortunately, Bush has never been asked#8212;not even once#8212;to explain these statements. His memory not only contradicts every single media report, it also contradicts what he said that evening. In his speech to dissertation international the nation that evening, Bush said: #8220;Immediately following the first attack, I implemented our government#8217;s emergency response plans.#8221; [White House, 9/11/01] It#8217;s not known what these emergency plans were, because neither Bush nor anyone in ae psu thesis his administration mentioned this immediate response again. Implementing #8220;emergency response plans#8221; seems to completely contradict Bush#8217;s #8220;by the way#8221; recollection of a small airplane accident. Bush meets teacher Sandra Kay Daniels. [A still from Booker video] Inside the index Classroom and the Second Plane Crash.

Shortly after his call with National Security Advisor Rice, Bush entered Sandra Kay Daniels#8217;s second-grade class for a photo-op to promote Bush#8217;s education policies. [Daily Mail, 9/8/02] The event was to whale rider begin precisely at dissertation abstracts international, 9:00, but the call pushed it back to about 9:03. [Washington Times, 10/8/02, Telegraph, 12/16/01, Daily Mail, 9/8/02] Numerous reporters who were traveling with the president, as well as members of the local media, watched from the back of the room. Carver? [AP, 8/19/02 (D)] Altogether there were about 150 people in the room, only abstracts international 16 of them students. Expository? Bush was introduced to the children and then posed for a number of dissertation abstracts index, pictures. Daniels then led the raymond carver essays students through some reading exercises (video footage shows this lasted about three minutes). Abstracts International Index? [Salon, 9/12/01 (B)] Bush later related what he was thinking at essay on music, the time: #8220;I was concentrating on the program at this point, thinking about what I was going to say [about the index plane crash]. Obviously, I felt it was an accident. I was concerned about it, but there were no alarm bells.#8221; [Washington Times, 10/7/02] At 9:03, Flight 175 crashed into the South Tower of the ae psu thesis World Trade Center.

News of this traveled extremely rapidly. In fact, some of international index, Bush#8217;s Secret Service agents watched the second crash live on television in an adjacent room. [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/10/02] Press Secretary Ari Fleischer, in the same room as Bush but not near him, immediately received the essay news on his pager. [CBS, 9/11/02] Other pagers were going off as well. Andrew Card tells Bush the international index second tower has been hit. [White House via AP] See a video of Bush#8217;s reaction here: [ABC, 9/14/02] Chief of thief essay, Staff Andrew Card was in a nearby room when he heard the news. Index? He waited until there was a pause in whale rider essays the reading drill to walk in and tell Bush. [Washington Times, 10/7/02, Washington Times, 10/8/02] The children were getting their books from under their seats to read a story together when Card came in. [Daily Mail, 9/8/02] Card whispered to Bush: #8220;A second plane hit the international index second tower. Whale Rider Essays? America is under attack.#8221; [San Francisco Chronicle, 9/11/02] Another account has Card saying: #8220;A second plane has hit the dissertation index World Trade Center. America is under attack.#8221; [Telegraph, 12/16/01] Accounts vary as to when Card gave Bush the news.

Some say 9:05 [Salon 9/11/01, New York Times, 9/16/01 (B), Telegraph, 12/16/01, Albuquerque Tribune, 9/10/02], and some say 9:07. [Washington Post, 9/11/01, Washington Times, 10/8/02] ABC News reporter Ann Compton, who was in the room, said she was surprised by the interruption and #8220;wrote [the time] down in my reporter#8217;s notebook, by my watch, 9:07 a.m.#8221; [ABC News, 9/11/02] The Reaction#8212;Or Lack of One. Another picture of the book, Andrew Card telling Bush the second tower has been hit. [White House via AP] Descriptions vary greatly as to international index how Bush responded to essay modern the news. It is said he #8220;blanched#8221; [Richmond Times-Dispatch, 10/1/02], #8220;the color drained from the president#8217;s face#8221; [AP, 9/12/01 (D)], he #8220;wore a bemused smile#8221; [Orlando Sentinel, 9/12/01], #8220;because visibly tense and serious#8221; [Time, 9/12/01], and so on. Watch the video and draw your own conclusions (the 11-minute video can be viewed at the Center for Cooperative Research, Buzzflash, Global Free Press, The Emperor#8217;s New Clothes, or Liberty DYNU). Bush later recalled his own reaction: #8220;I am very aware of the cameras. I#8217;m trying to absorb that knowledge. I have nobody to talk to. I#8217;m sitting in the midst of dissertation international index, a classroom with little kids, listening to a children#8217;s story and I realize I#8217;m the Commander in Chief and the country has just come under attack.#8221; [Telegraph, 12/16/01, CBS, 11/1/02] Asked again what he thought after he heard the news, Bush said, #8220;We#8217;re at war and somebody has dared attack us and we#8217;re going to do something about nonconformity, it. I realized I was in a unique setting to receive a message that somebody attacked us #133; [I]t became evident that we were, you know, that the world had changed.#8221; [CBS, 9/11/02] So what did the international Commander in the book essay Chief do with the knowledge that the United States was under attack? Bush did not say one word. He did not ask Card any questions.

He did not give any orders. He did not know who (or which country) was attacking, whether there would be more attacks, what military plans had been taken, what military actions should be taken#8212;indeed, he knew virtually nothing about what was going on outside the abstracts index room. He just sat there. Bush later recalled: #8220;There was no time for discussion or anything.#8221; [ Fighting Back: The War on whale essays, Terrorism#8212;From Inside the Bush White House , by Bill Sammon, 10/02, pp. 83-84] Even stranger, as one newspaper put it, although the nation was under terrorist attack, #8220;for some reason, Secret Service agents [did] not bustle him away.#8221; [Globe and abstracts international index Mail, 9/12/01] Military pilots must have #8220;permission from the whale rider White House because only the president has the authority to order a civilian aircraft shot down.#8221; [CNN, 10/26/99] But if retaliatory strikes needed to dissertation abstracts index the authorized, Bush was not available.

If one of the planes had to be shot down to save more lives on the ground, Bush was not available. Rider Essays? Although several fighters had been dispatched to defend New York City, the dissertation index pilot of one of the planes flying to the book thief catch Flight 175 later noted that it wouldn#8217;t have mattered if he caught up with it, because only Bush could order a shootdown, and Bush could not be reached in the classroom. [Cape Cod Times, 8/21/02] Bush not long after being told of the second plane crash. Abstracts? [A still from Booker video] Secret Service agents and other security personnel had set up a television in a nearby classroom. They turned on the TV just as Flight 175 crashed into essay modern, the World Trade Center. According to Sarasota County Sheriff Bill Balkwill, who was in the room, a Marine responsible for abstracts international carrying Bush#8217;s phone immediately said to whale rider Balkwill, #8220;We#8217;re out of here. Can you get everyone ready?#8221; [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/10/02] But he must have been overruled by dissertation international someone, because Bush did not leave. Meanwhile, Secret Service agents burst into Vice President Cheney#8217;s White House office. They carried him under his arms#8212;nearly lifting him off the ground#8212;and propelled him down the term steps into the White House basement and through a long tunnel toward an underground bunker. Accounts of when this happened vary greatly, from 9:06 [New York Times, 9/16/01 (B), Telegraph, 12/16/01] to after 9:30. [CBS, 9/11/02, Washington Post, 1/27/02] Cheney#8217;s own account is vague and contradictory. [Meet the dissertation abstracts international index Press, 9/16/01] The one eyewitness account, by bullion White House photographer David Bohrer, said it happened just after 9:00. [ABC, 9/14/02 (B)] It#8217;s easy to see why the White House would have wanted this event placed at a later time (after Bush#8217;s initial statement to international index the nation rather than after the second crash) to avoid the whale rider obvious question: if Cheney was immediately evacuated, why wasn#8217;t Bush? The Photo-Op Goes On. After Card told Bush about the second plane and dissertation international index quickly left, the classroom was silent for about 30 seconds or so. [Tampa Tribune, 9/1/02] The children were about to take turns reading from a story called The Pet Goat . Essay On Music? [AFP, 9/7/02] Bush picked up the book and index began to ae psu thesis read with the children. [Tampa Tribune, 9/1/02] In unison, the children read out loud, #8220;The#8212;Pet#8212;Goat. A#8212;girl#8212;got#8212;a#8212;pet#8212;goat.

But#8212;the#8212;goat#8212;did#8212;some#8212;things#8212;that#8212;made#8212;the#8212;girl#8217;s#8212;dad#8212;mad.#8221; Bush mostly listened, but occasionally asked the children a few questions to encourage them. [Washington Times, 10/7/02] At one point he said, #8220;Really good readers, whew!#8230; These must be sixth-graders!#8221; [Time, 9/12/01] Who was really in control? Certainly not Bush. In the back of the room, Press Secretary Ari Fleischer caught Bush#8217;s eye and held up a pad of paper for dissertation abstracts him to see, with #8220;DON#8217;T SAY ANYTHING YET#8221; written on it in big block letters. [Washington Times, 10/7/02] Some person or people had overruled the security who wanted Bush evacuated immediately, even as Vice President Cheney was taken from his White House office to a safe location. Bush#8217;s security overruled Bush on security matters later in the day on Air Force One, but who overruled them that morning? Bush with his Pet Goat book in Sandra Kay Daniels#8217;s elementary school classroom. [Eric Draper] When Did Bush Leave the essay on music Classroom? Nearly every news account fails to dissertation index mention when Bush left the classroom after being told America was under attack. Three mention 9:12 a.m. Rider Essays? [New York Times, 9/16/01 (B), Telegraph, 12/16/01, Daily Mail, 9/8/02] Remaining in the classroom for approximately five to international index seven minutes is inexcusable, but the video of Bush in cathedral the classroom suggests he stayed longer than that. The video contains several edits and ends before Bush leaves the room, so it also doesn#8217;t tell us exactly how long he stayed. Index? One newspaper suggested he remained #8220;for eight or nine minutes#8221;#8212;sometime between 9:13 and 9:16, since Card#8217;s arrival is uncertain. [Tampa Tribune, 9/1/02] When Bush finally did leave, he didn#8217;t act like a man in a hurry. Raymond Carver? In fact, he was described as #8220;openly stretching out the moment.#8221; [ Fighting Back: The War on Terrorism#8212;From Inside the Bush White House , by dissertation index Bill Sammon, 10/02, p. Essay On Music? 89] When the lesson was over, Bush said to dissertation abstracts the children: #8220;Hoo!

These are great readers. Very impressive! Thank you all so much for whale rider showing me your reading skills. Abstracts International? I bet they practice too. Don#8217;t you? Reading more than they watch TV? Anybody do that? Read more than you watch TV? [Hands go up] Oh that#8217;s great!

Very good. Very important to practice! Thanks for expository essay on music having me. Very impressed.#8221; [Transcribed from dissertation international index, Booker video, Fighting Back: The War on Terrorism#8212;From Inside the Bush White House , by Bill Sammon, 10/02, pp. Expository Essay On Music? 89-90] Bush still continued to talk, advising the children to stay in school and dissertation abstracts be good citizens. Whale Essays? [Tampa Tribune, 9/1/02, St. Dissertation International Index? Petersburg Times, 9/8/02 (B)] One student asked Bush a question, and he gave a quick response on his education policy. [New York Post, 9/12/02] The only source to describe what happened next is Fighting Back by Bill Sammon. Ae Psu Thesis? Publishers Weekly described Sammon#8217;s book as an #8220;inside account of the Bush administration#8217;s reaction to 9-11 [and] a breathless, highly complimentary portrait of the president [showing] the dissertation great merit and essay modern unwavering moral vision of his inner circle.#8221; [Publisher#8217;s Weekly, 10/15/02] Sammon#8217;s conservative perspective makes his account of Bush#8217;s behavior at the end of the photo-op all the more surprising.

Bush is described as smiling and chatting with the children #8220;as if he didn#8217;t have a care in the world#8221; and #8220;in the most relaxed manner imaginable.#8221; White House aide Gordon Johndroe, then came in as he usually does at dissertation index, the end of press conferences, and said, #8220;Thank you, press. If you could step out the door we came in, please.#8221; A reporter then asked, #8220;Mr. President, are you aware of the reports of the plane crash in New York? Is there anything#8230;,#8221; But Bush interrupted, and no doubt recalling his order, #8220;DON#8217;T SAY ANYTHING YET,#8221; Bush responded, #8220;I#8217;ll talk about it later.#8221; But still the president did not leave. Bullion Term? #8220;He stepped forward and shook hands with [classroom teacher] Daniels, slipping his left hand behind her in another photo-op pose. He was taking his good old time.#8230; Bush lingered until the press was gone.#8221; [ Fighting Back: The War on Terrorism#8212;From Inside the Bush White House , by Bill Sammon, 10/02, p. 90] Think about that: rather than rush out of the abstracts international index room at the first chance, Bush actually stayed until after all the dozens of reporters had left! Having just been told of a Pearl Harbor-type attack on US soil, Bush was indeed #8220;openly stretching out the ae psu thesis moment.#8221; But he still wasn#8217;t done. Dissertation Abstracts International? Bush then turned to principal Tose-Rigell, who was waiting to take him to the library for his speech on education.

He explained to her about the terror attacks and why he had to leave. [ Fighting Back: The War on bullion, Terrorism#8212;From Inside the Bush White House , by Bill Sammon, 10/02, p. 90] Finally, he went to an empty classroom next door where his staff was based. [ABC News, 9/11/02] Given that Bush#8217;s program was supposed to end at 9:20, he left the dissertation abstracts classroom only essay a couple of minutes earlier than planned, if even that. Dissertation Abstracts International Index? [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/16/01] The reason given why Bush didn#8217;t leave as soon as Card told him the carver cathedral news is: #8220;Without all the facts at hand, George Bush had no intention of upsetting the schoolchildren who had come to read for international index him.#8221; [MSNBC, 10/29/02] Advisor Karl Rove said, #8220;The President thought for a second or two about getting up and essays walking out of the room. But the dissertation international drill was coming to raymond cathedral essays a close and he didn#8217;t want to alarm the children.#8221; [ABC, 9/11/02] This excuse is patently absurd, given the security risks and importance of Bush being informed and making decisions as Commander in international index Chief. Nor was the drill coming to a close: one drill had ended and another was about to rider begin#8212;it was a perfect time to simply say, #8220;Excuse me#8221; and leave the room. Abstracts International? Sarasota-Bradenton International Airport is only 3frac12; miles away; in fact, Booker was chosen as the essay location for the photo-op partly because of index, its proximity to paper term the airport. [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/12/02] Hijackers could have crashed a plane into Bush#8217;s publicized location and dissertation international index his security would have been completely helpless to stop it. Remember, Bush#8217;s schedule had been announced on September 7 and the book thief two of the dissertation abstracts international index 9/11 hijackers came to Sarasota that same day. Essays? [White House, 9/7/01, Longboat Observer, 11/21/01, Washington Post, 1/27/02] Furthermore, the Secret Service was aware of the strange request for an interview a few hours earlier and the previous night#8217;s report of a person in town who had made violent threats against Bush. Indeed, a few days after 9/11, Sarasota#8217;s main newspaper reported, #8220;Sarasota barely skirted its own disaster. Dissertation International? As it turns out, terrorists targeted the president and Air Force One on expository essay on music, Tuesday, maybe even while they were on the ground in abstracts Sarasota and certainly not long after. The Secret Service learned of the nonconformity threat just minutes after Bush left Booker Elementary.#8221; [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/16/01]

Bush in a holding room before giving his speech. Communications director Dan Bartlett points to the TV, and the clock reads 9:25. Dissertation? [White House] Once he was out of the classroom, did Bush immediately leave Booker? No. He stayed in raymond carver essays the adjacent room with his staff, calling Vice President Cheney and abstracts index National Security Advisor Rice, and preparing a speech. [Telegraph, 12/16/01, St. Rider? Petersburg Times 9/8/02] Incredibly, even as uncertain information began to surface, suggesting that more planes had been hijacked (eventually 11 planes would be suspected) [CBS, 9/11/02], Bush was allowed to make his remarks at 9:30#8212;exactly the international time and place stated on his advance schedule. [Federal News Service, 9/10/01, see the transcript of his speech here] Why hasn#8217;t Bush#8217;s security staff been criticized for essay on music their completely inexplicable decision to stay at dissertation abstracts index, the school? And why didn#8217;t Bush#8217;s concern for the children extend to not making them and ae psu thesis the rest of the 200 or so people at the school terrorist targets? President Bush speaks at 9:29 in the library of Booker Elementary School. [From Booker Elementary website] At 9:16, NORAD was notified that Flight 93 had been hijacked, and at 9:24 it was notified that Flight 77 had also been hijacked and was heading toward Washington (though, as discussed above, the hijacking was known long before this). [NORAD, 9/18/01] No media report has suggested that the possible shooting down of hijacked airplanes was discussed at this time, however. Dissertation Index? It appears the discussion was not broached until after 9:55. Rider? [Washington Post, 1/27/02, CBS, 9/11/02] At about index, 9:26, it was either FAA head Jane Garvey or FAA administrator Ben Sliney (and not Bush) who decided to essays halt all airplane takeoffs in the US. Dissertation Index? [Time, 9/14/01, USA Today, 8/13/02] Additionally, no evidence has appeared suggesting Bush had a role in ordering any fighters into nonconformity modern, the skies. Finally, to dissertation abstracts the Airport. Bush talks on nonconformity essay modern, a cell phone on the way to dissertation abstracts the Sarasota airport. Andrew Card is in front of him. [AP] By 9:35, Bush#8217;s motorcade was ready to take him to the Sarasota airport where Air Force One was waiting. [Telegraph, 12/16/01] At 9:37, Flight 77 crashed into the Pentagon.

Bush was informed as his motorcade got near the nonconformity essay modern airport. (Apparently Bush could be reached by phone in his limousine at this time.) [Washington Times, 10/8/02, Telegraph, 12/16/01] The motorcade arrived around 9:43 and pulled up close to Air Force One. Security conducted an extra-thorough search of all the baggage for the other passengers, delaying takeoff until 9:55. [St. Petersburg Times, 9/8/02 (B)] A year later, Chief of Staff Andrew Card recalled that, #8220;As we were heading to Air Force One#8230; [we] learned, what turned out to be a mistake, but we learned that the Air Force One package could in fact be a target.#8221; [MSNBC, 9/9/02] This echoes the report mentioned above that #8220;terrorists targeted the president and Air Force One#8230; maybe even while they were on abstracts international, the ground in thief Sarasota#8230;#8221; [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/16/01] This only dissertation increases the strangeness that Bush wasn#8217;t immediately evacuated at ae psu thesis, 9:03 as some of his security had recommended. Dogs thoroughly check luggage underneath Air Force One. [AP] Bush spoke by telephone to dissertation abstracts index Cheney as the motorcade raced to the airport. The Book Essay? [St. Petersburg Times 9/8/02] Supposedly, during this call Bush issued an dissertation abstracts index order to ground all flights within the carver cathedral essays country. [Sarasota Magazine, 11/01] The FAA did shut down the nationwide air traffic system at around 9:45. [MSNBC, 9/22/01, CNN, 9/12/01, New York Times, 9/12/01, Newsday, 9/10/02, Washington Post, 9/12/01] But other reports state that it was FAA administrator Ben Sliney who made the decision without consulting anyone. [USA Today, 8/13/02, USA Today, 8/13/02 (B)] For some time it was claimed that Transportation Secretary Norman Mineta had made the decision, but it was later revealed that Mineta didn#8217;t even know of the order until 15 minutes later. Dissertation Abstracts? Apparently, #8220;FAA officials had begged [the reporter] to nonconformity modern maintain the fiction.#8221; [Slate, 4/2/02] The idea that Bush made the dissertation international index decision is even less plausible. Bullion Paper Term? In fact, there is no evidence at all to suggest that Bush had by this point made even one decision relevant to international index his security or that of the ae psu thesis country.

Where is the security covering Bush as he leaves Sarasota? Is a good public relations photo more important than security, minutes after the Secret Service was told Bush could be attacked as he left Sarasota? [AP] Air Force One Takes Off Without Fighter Escort. Air Force One took off at abstracts international, either 9:55 or 9:57 a.m. [CNN, 9/12/01, New York Times, 9/12/01, Telegraph, 12/16/01, CBS, 9/11/02, Washington Post, 9/12/01, Washington Post, 1/27/02, AP, 9/12/01] Communications Director Dan Bartlett remembered, #8220;It was like a rocket. For a good ten minutes, the bullion plane was going almost straight up.#8221; [CBS, 9/11/02] But, incredibly, Air Force One took off without any military fighter protection. This defies all explanation. Dissertation Abstracts Index? Recall that at 9:03 a.m., one of ae psu thesis, Bush#8217;s security people said, #8220;We#8217;re out of here. Can you get everyone ready?#8221; [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/10/02] Certainly, long before Bush left the dissertation abstracts index elementary school at expository, 9:35 a.m., arrangements would have been made to get fighters to Sarasota as soon as possible. Not only would it have been advisable to protect Air Force One, but it would have been only dissertation international sensible as another way to protect Bush on the ground from terrorist attack even before he left the school.

In Florida, there were two bases said to essays have fighters on 24-hour alert, capable of getting airborne in approximately five minutes. Homestead Air Station, 185 miles from Sarasota, and Tyndall Air Station, 235 miles from Sarasota; both had the highest readiness status on 9/11. Presumably, as happened at other bases across the country, just after 9:03, base commanders throughout Florida would have immediately begun preparations to abstracts international index get their fighters ready. [Aviation Week and the book essay Space Technology, 6/3/02] Fighters left bases on international, the same alert status and cathedral essays traveled similar distances to reach Washington, DC, well before 10:00, so why were the fighters delayed in Florida? [Aviation Week and Space Technology, 9/9/02] Military planes should have been over Sarasota by the time Bush left Booker at dissertation, 9:35 a.m. Nonconformity Modern? Yet, as will be described below, more than one hour after Air Force One took off, there were still no fighters protecting it! Air Force One departs Sarasota. [AP] An administration official claimed, #8220;The object seemed to be simply to get the President airborne and out of the way.#8221; [Telegraph, 12/16/01] But without fighter cover this makes little sense, because the sky was arguably more dangerous than the ground. At the time, there were still over 3,000 planes in the air over abstracts international index the US [USA Today, 8/13/02 (B)], including about half of the planes in the region of Florida where Bush was. [St. Essay? Petersburg Times, 9/7/02] Recall, too, that the Secret Service learned of a threat to Bush and international index Air Force One #8220;just minutes after Bush left Booker Elementary.#8221; Karl Rove, also on Air Force One, confirmed that a dangerous threat was known before the ae psu thesis plane took off: #8220;They also made it clear they wanted to get us up quickly, and dissertation index they wanted to essays get us to a high altitude, because there had been a specific threat made to abstracts Air Force One#8230;. Paper Term? A declaration that Air Force One was a target, and dissertation abstracts index said in a way that they called it credible.#8221; [New Yorker, 10/1/01] Cheney, right and sitting, talks to Bush.

Condoleezza Rice, center and sitting, and others, look on. [White House] Shoot Down Authorized#8212;Too Late. Once he was airborne, Bush talked to ae psu thesis Cheney again and Cheney recommended that Bush #8220;order our aircraft to abstracts international shoot down these airliners that have been hijacked.#8221; [CBS, 9/11/02] #8220;I said, #145;You bet,#146; #8221; Bush later recalled. #8220;We had a little discussion, but not much.#8221; [Newsday, 9/23/01, USA Today, 9/16/01, Washington Post, 1/27/02] However, even though only Bush had the authority to term order a passenger plane shot down [CNN, 10/26/99], the order was apparently given before Bush discussed it with Cheney. One flight commander recalled, #8220;After the Pentagon was hit, we were told there were more [airliners] coming. Not #145;might be#146; ; they were coming.#8221; A call from someone in the White House declared the Washington area #8220;a free-fire zone,#8221; meaning, according to one of the responding fighter pilots, #8220;we were given authority to use force, if the abstracts international index situation required it.#8221; [Aviation Week and Space Technology, 9/9/02] Extraordinary times can demand extraordinary measures, so having someone other than Bush give this order could be understandable. Expository? But Bush was available and abstracts international talking to people like Cheney after 9:30 a.m. Around this time, officials feared that as many as 11 airliners had been hijacked [CBS, 9/11/02], so why weren#8217;t Bush and Cheney even considering this course of action until about 10:00 a.m.? Was Bush being kept out of the loop in bullion reality, or only in the media reports?

Is the lateness of international index, this discussion merely political spin to reduce speculation that Flight 93 had been shot down? Flight 93 was still in thief the air after the Bush authorization, and fighters were given orders to shoot it down if necessary. International Index? [ABC News, 9/11/02] NORAD knew at essay, 9:16 a.m. that Flight 93 was hijacked [NORAD, 9/18/01], but supposedly fighters weren#8217;t scrambled until minutes before it crashed at 10:06 a.m. Dissertation International? Going Nowhere as Threats Increase. Shortly after takeoff, Cheney apparently informed Bush of #8220;a credible threat#8221; to Air Force One. Ae Psu Thesis? [AP, 9/13/01 (D)] US Representative Adam Putnam #8220;had barely settled into dissertation abstracts index, his seat on Air Force One#8230; when he got the news that terrorists apparently had set their sights on the plane.#8221; [Orlando Sentinel, 9/14/01] The Secret Service had received an anonymous call: #8220;Air Force One is next.#8221; The caller allegedly knew the agency#8217;s code words relating to Air Force One procedures. Pilot Colonel Mark Tillman was told of the threat and he asked that an armed guard be stationed at bullion, the cockpit door. Dissertation International Index? The Associated Press reported that the the book threat came #8220;within the same hour#8221; as the Pentagon crash ( i.e. , before 10:00 a.m., roughly when the abstracts plane took off). Cathedral? [AP, 9/13/01 (D)] Details suggest this threat was not the same as the earlier one, but it#8217;s hard to know for dissertation abstracts international sure. Expository Essay On Music? In his comments at Booker, Bush said he was immediately flying back to Washington, but soon after takeoff, he, Cheney and international the Secret Service began arguing whether it was safe to fly back to essay the capital. [Telegraph, 12/16/01] Andrew Card told Bush, #8220;We#8217;ve got to dissertation let the dust settle before we go back.#8221; [St. Whale Essays? Petersburg Times, 9/8/02] The plane apparently stayed over abstracts international index Sarasota until the argument was settled. Accounts differ, but until about cathedral, 10:35 a.m. Abstracts International Index? [CBS, 9/11/02 (B), Washington Post, 1/27/02], Air Force One #8220;appeared to be going nowhere.

The journalists on board #150; all of whom were barred from communicating with their offices #150; sensed that the plane was flying in big, slow circles.#8221; [Telegraph, 12/16/01] Cheney apparently called Bush again at 10:32 a.m., and told him of another threat to Air Force One. Within minutes, the argument was over, and the plane turned away from Washington and flew to Louisiana instead. Ae Psu Thesis? [Washington Post, 1/27/02] Bush recalled: #8220;I wanted to dissertation abstracts international index come back to essay Washington, but the circumstances were such that it was just impossible for the Secret Service or the national security team to clear the way for Air Force One to come back.#8221; [CBS, 9/11/02] Given that the international index rocket-like takeoff was due to a threat, this must have been another threat, possibly even a third threat. Colonel Mark Tillman in the cockpit of Air Force One. [CBS] Around 10:55 a.m., there was yet another threat to Air Force One. The pilot, Colonel Mark Tillman, said he was warned that a suspect airliner was dead ahead. #8220;Coming out of term, Sarasota there was one call that said there was an airliner off our nose that they did not have contact with.#8221; Tillman took evasive action, pulling his plane even higher above normal traffic. Abstracts International Index? [CBS, 9/11/02 (B)] Reporters on board noticed the rise in whale rider essays elevation. [Dallas Morning News, 8/28/02, Salon, 9/12/01] The report was apparently a false alarm, but it shows the dissertation abstracts index folly of having Bush fly without a fighter escort. Were There Threats to on music Air Force One?

The threat or threats to Air Force One were announced on September 12, after mounting criticism that Bush was out of sight in Louisiana and Nebraska during most of the day and did not return to dissertation index Washington until 10 hours after the attacks. White House spokesman Ari Fleischer said there was #8220;real and credible information that the White House and paper Air Force One were targets.#8221; [White House, 9/12/01] On September 13, New York Times columnist William Safire wrote#8212;and Bush#8217;s political strategist Karl Rove confirmed#8212;that there was an #8220;inside#8221; threat that #8220;may have broken the secret codes [showing a knowledge of dissertation abstracts international index, presidential procedures].#8221; [New York Times, 9/13/01] Had terrorists hacked their way into ae psu thesis, sensitive White House computers? Was there a mole in the White House? No. It turned out the entire story was made up. Abstracts International? [Washington Post, 9/27/01] The press expressed considerable skepticism about the story. Whale Rider Essays? For instance, one Florida newspaper thought Fleischer#8217;s disclosure was #8220;an apparent effort to explain why the president was flown to Air Force bases#8221; before returning to Washington. [St. Petersburg Times, 9/13/01] When asked on September 15 about the #8220;credible evidence,#8221; Fleischer said, #8220;we exhausted that topic about dissertation, two days ago.#8221; [White House, 9/15/01] On September 26, CBS News reported: #8220;Finally, there is this postscript to the puzzle of how someone presumed to be a terrorist was able to bullion term call in a threat against Air Force One using a secret code name for the president#8217;s plane. Well, as it turns out, that simply never happened. Sources say White House staffers apparently misunderstood comments made by their security detail.#8221; [CBS, 9/26/01] One former official who served in George Bush Sr.#8216;s administration told Human Events Online, which bills itself as #8220;the national conservative weekly,#8221; that he was #8220;deeply disappointed by [Bush#8217;s] zigzagging across the country.#8221; [Human Events Online, 9/17/01] At the end of the month, Slate magazine awarded its #8220;Whopper of the Week#8221; to dissertation abstracts international Karl Rove, Ari Fleischer, and Dick Cheney. [Slate, 9/28/01] No one knew exactly where the bogus story originated from, but #8220;what can be safely said is that it served the White House#8217;s immediate purposes, even though it was completely untrue.#8221; [Telegraph, 12/16/01] What were those purposes? A well-informed, anonymous Washington official said, #8220;It did two things for [Cheney].

It reinforced his argument that the President should stay out of town, and it gave George W. an expository on music excellent reason for doing so.#8221; [Telegraph, 12/16/01] When Bush was asked in May 2002 why he had flown to two Air Force bases before returning to Washington, Bush said, #8220;I was trying to get out of harm#8217;s way.#8221; [White House, 5/21/02] The most obviously bogus threat#8212;the mole knowing secret codes#8212;came from Cheney in a pivotal moment in his argument with Bush over where Bush should go. Abstracts International Index? But were the other threats, for instance, the one made before Air Force One even took off, or the airline suspected of crashing into Air Force One, also bogus? The approximate route of Bush#8217;s journey on Air Force One is shown in yellow. Keep in mind the expository essay plane flew in dissertation abstracts international index circles somewhere over Florida for about 40 minutes before heading west. Rider? Why did the first planes scrambled to defend the plane come from dissertation abstracts index, Ellington, Texas, and bullion term not any of the three likely Florida bases? When Does the Fighter Escort Finally Arrive? Much like the abstracts international index time when Bush left the Booker classroom, the time when fighters finally reached Air Force One is essay modern rarely mentioned, and abstracts index when it is, the facts are highly debatable. According to expository essay one account, around 10:00 a.m. Air Force One was #8220;joined by an escort of F-16 fighters from a base near Jacksonville, Florida.#8221; [Telegraph, 12/16/01] But one month later, it was reported that in Cheney#8217;s 10:32 phone call, he told Bush that it would take another 40 to 90 minutes [as late as noon] to get protective fighters up to escort Air Force One. [Washington Post, 1/27/02] Another account said, #8220;Air Force One headed toward Jacksonville [at 10:41] to dissertation international meet jets scrambled to give the expository presidential jet its own air cover,#8221; but it isn#8217;t said when the plane actually met up with the fighters. Abstracts International? [New York Times, 9/16/01 (B)] We know that when Air Force One took evasive action around 10:55, there was no fighter escort. NORAD commander Major General Larry Arnold later said, #8220;We scrambled available airplanes from Tyndall [note this is near Tallahassee, not Jacksonville, Florida] and then from Ellington in bullion paper term Houston, Texas,#8221; but he doesn#8217;t say when. [Code One Magazine, 1/02] In another account, the first two F-16s to arrive are piloted by Shane Brotherton and Randy Roberts, from the Texas Air National Guard, not from dissertation, any Florida base. [CBS, 9/11/02] All that#8217;s known for sure is that by 11:30 there were six fighters protecting Air Force One. [Sarasota Magazine, 9/19/01] President Bush (center, stooped down) and nonconformity essay staff look out the dissertation international windows of Air Force One to see their newly arrived fighter escorts. The Book Thief? [White House] It would appear that fighters arrived some time between 11:00 and 11:30.

These fighters were supposed to be on 24-hour alert, ready to abstracts international get into the air in about five minutes. If we assume the fighters flew at a speed of 1,100 mph, the same speed Major Gen. Arnold said fighters used to reach New York City earlier in the day when traveling a comparable distance [MSNBC, 9/23/01 (C), Slate, 1/16/02], the fighters should have reached Sarasota in about 10 minutes. Yet they took around two hours to reach Air Force One from when they were likely first needed, shortly after 9:00. Essay? This clearly goes beyond mere incompetence, yet no newspaper article has ever raised the issue. Was Cheney able to abstracts prevent the fighters from reaching Air Force One, perhaps to the book convince Bush not to return to Washington?

If so, why? Did Cheney assume (or know) that Bush was in dissertation abstracts international index no real danger? Like so many other questions surrounding 9/11, we do not know. On Music? Barksdale Air Force Base. Air Force One at dissertation international, Barksdale Air Force Base. [AP] Air Force One landed at Barksdale Air Force base near Shreveport, Louisiana at about 11:45 a.m. [CBS, 9/11/02, Telegraph, 12/16/01, Sarasota Magazine, 11/01] #8220;The official reason for landing at the book, Barksdale was that Bush felt it necessary to make a further statement, but it isn#8217;t unreasonable to assume that #150; as there was no agreement as to what the dissertation international President#8217;s movements should be it was felt he might as well be on the ground as in the air.#8221; [Telegraph, 12/16/01, CBS, 9/11/02] Ironically, the landing came only a short time after Bush#8217;s plane was finally protected by nonconformity fighters. Dissertation International Index? There was quite a difference in the protection afforded Bush at expository on music, Barksdale and what was in dissertation abstracts Sarasota. Bush was left unprotected at the book thief essay, a known location in Sarasota for nearly 30 minutes. At Barksdale, a location that was at dissertation international index, the time unknown, Congressman Dan Miller #8220;was amazed at the armored equipment and bullion paper soldiers with automatic weapons that immediately surrounded the plane.#8221; [Sarasota Magazine, 11/01] Bush was driven to base headquarters in a Humvee escorted by armed outriders. Reporters and others remained under strict orders not to give out their location. [Telegraph, 12/16/01] Bush walking inside Barksdale Air Force Base. [White House] Bush was taken to abstracts a secret and secure place on the base. [Louisiana Life, Autumn 2002] Shortly after 12:30 p.m., Bush taped a short speech, which he wrote on a napkin. [Louisiana Life, Autumn 2002, Salon, 9/12/01, Washington Times, 10/8/02] The tape was broadcast on ae psu thesis, television at around 1:20 p.m. [Salon 9/11/01] He also #8220;spent the next hour and a half talking on the phone,#8221; again arguing with Cheney and others over where he should go next. [Sarasota Magazine, 11/01] The Secret Service felt the situation in dissertation abstracts international Washington was still unsafe. [CBS, 9/11/02] Bush told Karl Rove: #8220;I want to go back home as soon as possible.#8221; Rove answered: #8220;Our people are saying it#8217;s unstable still.#8221; [AP, 9/13/01 (D)] Bush was told he could get to carver cathedral essays the US Strategic Command center in Offutt, Nebraska, quicker than he could fly to Washington, so he agreed to go to international index Nebraska. Ae Psu Thesis? [Telegraph, 12/16/01, AP, 9/13/01 (D)] Just after 1:00 p.m., Bush supposedly #8220;received an intelligence report from the base commander that a high-speed object was headed for dissertation international his ranch in Crawford, Texas.#8221; It turned out to expository on music be another false alarm. International Index? [ Fighting Back: The War on Terrorism#8212;From Inside the bullion Bush White House , by international index Bill Sammon, 10/02, p.117] This may well be another bogus report designed to explain why Bush didn#8217;t return to Washington at this time, since US airspace was declared clear except for some military and emergency flights at 12:16 p.m. [USA Today, 8/12/02 (C)] By 12:30, the FAA reported that only about 50 of these flights were still flying in US airspace, and none were reporting problems [CNN, 9/12/01, New York Times, 9/12/01], so how could an expository unknown plane have been headed toward Bush#8217;s ranch 30 minutes after that?

Offutt Air Force Base. Index? Air Force One left Barksdale for ae psu thesis Offutt Air Force Base around 1:30 p.m. [CBS, 9/11/02, Telegraph, 12/16/01, Salon, 9/11/01, Washington Post, 9/11/01, MSNBC, 9/22/01, CNN, 9/12/01] The Air Force One entourage was pared down to index a few essential staffers such as Ari Fleischer, Andrew Card, Karl Rove, Dan Bartlett, and Gordon Johndroe [White House, 9/11/01], plus about five reporters. Nonconformity? [AP, 9/12/01 (D)] During the flight, Bush remained in abstracts international index #8220;continuous contact#8221; with the White House Situation Room and carver essays Vice President Cheney. [CNN, 9/11/01 (B)] Air Force One landed at Offutt shortly before 3:00 p.m. [Washington Post, 9/11/01] At 3:06, Bush passed through security to abstracts the US Strategic Command Underground Command Center [Salon, 9/11/01, CBS, 9/11/02] and was taken into an underground bunker designed to withstand a nuclear blast. [Telegraph, 12/16/01] Bush, center, with Andrew Card to his left, takes part in a video conference from inside Offutt Air Force Base. [White House] There, he held a teleconference call with Vice President Cheney, National Security Advisor Rice, Defense Secretary Rumsfeld, Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage, CIA Director Tenet, Transportation Secretary Norman Mineta, and term others. [ABC News, 9/11/02, Telegraph, 12/16/01, Washington Times, 10/8/02] The meeting lasted about an hour. Dissertation Index? [Telegraph, 12/16/01, Salon, 9/11/01, AP, 8/19/02] Rice recalled that during the meeting, Tenet told Bush, #8220;Sir, I believe it#8217;s al-Qaeda. We#8217;re doing the ae psu thesis assessment but it looks like, it feels like, it smells like al-Qaeda.#8221; [CBS, 9/11/02] By this time, people were anticipating and expecting another reassuring public statement from Bush. [Orlando Sentinel, 9/12/01] The White House staff was preparing for Bush to dissertation abstracts international index address the term nation from the dissertation international index Offutt bunker, but Bush decided instead to return to nonconformity essay modern Washington. [CBS, 9/11/02] As a side note, Warren Buffett, one of the international index richest people in the world, was hosting an unpublicized charity benefit inside the high security Offutt military base at 8:00 a.m. With him were business leaders and term several executives from the World Trade Center, including Anne Tatlock of Fiduciary Trust Co. International, who likely would have died had it not been for dissertation international index the meeting. [San Francisco Business Times, 2/1/02] They watched a lot of the television coverage that morning, but it#8217;s unknown if any of these people were still at Offutt by the time Bush arrived in the afternoon. Raymond? This photo of Bush speaking to dissertation Cheney shortly after leaving Offutt was later used for Republican fundraising. Ae Psu Thesis? [White House] Back in abstracts international index Washington.

Air Force One left Offutt around 4:30 p.m. [MSNBC, 9/22/01, CNN, 9/12/01, Telegraph, 12/16/01] and landed at Andrews Air Force Base at 6:34 p.m., escorted by two F-15 fighters and the book thief essay one F-16. [CNN, 9/11/01] Bush then took the Marine One helicopter to the White House [Salon 9/11/01], arriving shortly before 7:00 p.m. Index? [CNN, 9/12/01, Telegraph, 12/16/01, AP, 8/19/02] Bush gave a nationally televised speech at 8:30 p.m. [CNN, 9/12/01, White House, 9/11/01], speaking for ae psu thesis about five minutes. [US News, 9/14/01] In what would later be called the Bush Doctrine, he stated, #8220;We will make no distinction between the terrorists who committed these acts and those who harbor them.#8221; [Washington Post, 1/27/02] Bush addresses the nation. [White House] Around 9:00 p.m., Bush met with his full National Security Council, followed roughly half an hour later by a meeting with a smaller group of key advisors. Bush and his advisors had already decided bin Laden was behind the attacks. CIA Director Tenet told Bush that al-Qaeda and the Taliban in abstracts international Afghanistan were essentially one and the same. [Washington Post, 1/27/02] The many accounts of expository essay on music, what happened to Bush on dissertation abstracts international index, 9/11 are riddled with disinformation of false threats, omitted details, fudged timing, and more. But around September 11, 2002, the heavily publicized first anniversary of the attacks, there was an ae psu thesis obvious attempt to further rewrite the dissertation abstracts international story. Chief of Staff Andrew Card claimed that after he told Bush about the second World Trade Center crash, #8220;it was only bullion paper a matter of seconds#8221; before Bush #8220;excused himself very politely to the teacher and to the students, and abstracts he left#8221; the expository essay on music classroom. Card also stated that Bush #8220;quickly excused himself to a holding room.#8221; [San Francisco Chronicle, 9/11/02] In a different account, Card said, #8220;Not that many seconds later the president excused himself from the classroom.#8221; [MSNBC, 9/9/02] The Booker school video shows these statements are lies#8212;unless #8220;a matter of dissertation index, seconds#8221; means over 700 seconds! Sandra Kay Daniels, the expository essay on music teacher whose second-grade classroom Bush visited on abstracts index, 9/11, told the Los Angeles Times that after Card informed Bush of the second crash, Bush got up and left. #8220;He said, #145;Ms. Daniels, I have to nonconformity modern leave now.#146;#8230; Looking at his face, you knew something was wrong. I said a little prayer for him. He shook my hand and international index left.#8221; Daniels also said, #8220;I knew something was up when President Bush didn#8217;t pick up the book and participate in the lesson.#8221; [Los Angeles Times, 9/11/02] However, the Booker video clearly shows that Bush did follow along after being told of the the book essay second plane. [Video: Center for Cooperative Research, Buzzflash, Global Free Press, The Emperor#8217;s New Clothes, or Liberty DYNU] The New York Post reported, #8220;A federal agent rushed into the room to inform the president of the United States.

President Bush had been presiding over [Daniels#8217;s] reading class last 9/11, when a Secret Service agent interrupted the lesson and asked, #145;Where can we get to a television?#146; #8221; Daniels then claimed that Bush left the class even before the second crash: #8220;The president bolted right out of here and dissertation abstracts international index told me: #145;Take over.#146; #8221; When the second crash occurred, she claims her students were watching TV in essay on music a nearby media room. [New York Post, 9/12/02] This article is dissertation international riddled with errors. As mentioned previously, the Secret Service was already watching the second plane crash live on television in an adjacent room at essays, 9:03#8212;long before this supposedly happened. Nor did Bush #8220;bolt#8221; out of the abstracts international room; in fact, even pro-Bush author Bill Sammon called Bush #8220;the dawdler in chief#8221; for taking so long to leave the room. [ Fighting Back: The War on Terrorism#8212;From Inside the Bush White House , by Bill Sammon, 10/02, p. 90] Bush shows a CBS reporter around Air Force One as part of his 9/11 anniversary interview. Essays? [AP/CBS] Bush himself took part in the historical revisionism. In an international extensive video interview shown on expository on music, CBS#8217;s #8220;60 Minutes,#8221; he again repeated his bizarre belief that he was watching television when the first crash took place. CBS also revived the false story that terrorists had broken Air Force One#8217;s secret codes, even though it was CBS who debunked that same story nearly a year earlier. [CBS, 9/11/02] Vital Questions Remain Unanswered. Needless to say, in the anniversary hoopla, Bush and other leaders were described as #8220;resolute,#8221;#8220;brave,#8221;#8220;strong,#8221; and international so forth. Even the minor level of modern, media criticism just after 9/11 that led to several reporters losing their jobs was absent.

The topic of Bush#8217;s behavior on 9/11 has been barely mentioned in the media since. There are many questions that deserve answers. So many pieces of the puzzle do not fit. Dissertation Abstracts Index? Simply by reading the mainstream media reports, we can see that mere incompetence doesn#8217;t explain what happened to Bush on whale, that day. For instance, it makes no sense that Bush would listen to international index a story about a goat long after being told the US was under attack, and even after the modern Secret Service decided to immediately evacuate him from the school. It defies explanation that Air Force One#8217;s fighter escort took two hours to appear. And it is mind-boggling that there are seven different versions of dissertation international, how Bush learned about the first crash. It#8217;s doubtful that the Independent Commission investigation will look critically at rider, what Bush did on international index, 9/11 and why he did it. Despite the contradictory reports, no one in the mainstream media has yet demanded clarification of the many obvious inconsistencies and problems of the cathedral official version. Dissertation International Index? Anyone even asking questions has been quickly insulted as anti-American, accused of bashing the ae psu thesis president in a time of war, or branded a conspiracy nut. Only a few relatives of the 9/11 attacks have been able to raise these issues publicly.

For instance, Kristen Breitweiser told Phil Donahue: #8220;It was clear that we were under attack. Why didn#8217;t the Secret Service whisk [Bush] out of dissertation international index, that school?#8230; [H]e is the commander-in-chief of the United States of America, our country was clearly under attack, it was after the second building was hit. I want to know why he sat there for essay 25 minutes.#8221; [Donahue, 8/13/02] But so far, few have listened to their concerns. Because the media has failed in its role to ask these questions, much less attempt to answer them, it is now the responsibility of ordinary Americans#8212;of you, of abstracts, me, and paper term the people we know#8212;to gather the information, look for dissertation answers, and bullion paper term sound the alarm. Index? Allan Wood has assisted with the research for, and editing of, the ae psu thesis 9/11 Timeline. He is also a member of 911CitizensWatch.org. Abstracts International? Any questions, comments, or additional information regarding this article can be sent to carver cathedral essays his email: aninterestingday @hotmail.com (remove the space). Thanks to dissertation index Melissa Kavonic for assisting in the proofreading of the article. The Center for Cooperative Research needs your support.

Click here to donate. Receive weekly email updates summarizing what contributors have added to the History Commons database. Developing and expository essay on music maintaining this site is very labor intensive. If you find it useful, please give us a hand and donate what you can. If you would like to dissertation abstracts international index help us with this effort, please contact us. We need help with programming (Java, JDO, mysql, and ae psu thesis xml), design, networking, and publicity.

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Dog Training Essays and Research Papers. How To Train Your Dog To Be A Guard Dog In Only 7 Days There are countless numbers of canines procured each and every year with . the sole rationale of becoming “hired” to work as a family members watchdog, but turn out devoid of the proper schooling to international index, carry out so and at some point set up on the market.Question any professional dog trainer, in almost any city around the world, and so they will all attest to obtaining people carry their “watchdog” in along with the grievance that, “We bought him. Canine tooth , Dog , Dog health 2724 Words | 7 Pages. ?Sammi Picquet TRICIA'S CLASS DW.2 EXPLAINING ESSAY 3/10/10 HOW TO TRAIN A GOOD FAMILY DOG Wouldn't you love to the book essay, have one of the dissertation the best . dogs in your own house? It all begins with good training and great love towards your pup. Having a good dog doesn't just mean getting a dog and never being home, you have to be dedicated and I will tell you how. Essay? It starts with picking out the cutest brown lab/pitbull with a little bit of white on his neck. Then comes picking out the dissertation abstracts international index perfect name. Roscoe. Dog , Dog training , Dog training and behavior 1764 Words | 5 Pages.

Blog» Create Blog Sign In Englcom British couple with their kids live in ae psu thesis, cemetery (BWNToday) Linggo, Setyem bre 1, 2013 Archive sa Blog . International? Argumentative Essay:Dogs vs Cats ¡ 2013 (7) ¡ September (7) Documentary Essay Writing Dogs are better pets than cats Pets bring happiness to bullion paper, a person’s life. They create a special bond with their owners. Entry Essay: Poverty Extended Definition Essay: Aesthetics Argumentative Essay:Dogs vs Cats This bond can help an owner and his. Cat , Cat communication , Dog 1438 Words | 4 Pages. to enhance the profitability level and abstracts international index establish it self a prominent player in the field of ae psu thesis luxury services and providing the full range of the products . Abstracts International? starting from Luxury grooming, boarding, and training and cemetery services. Shabir the promoter of the company himself is a dog lover. Being a dog lover the the book pet business was his first preference. Dissertation? He did some market research to find out the scenario of pet shop and nonconformity essay the demand. He noticed that although there are plenty of service provider in the. Accounts receivable , Balance sheet , Dog training 1651 Words | 5 Pages. Let me tell you a story about abstracts international old dog incontinence.

Jane Smith's beloved old pet has suddenly started dribbling urine. She's finding puddles of . urine all over the house. The fur on the book thief her dog's bottom is wet from the constant dribbling, and the odor is overwhelming. She fears the worst, thinking that there is no cure for urinary incontinence in dogs . She's afraid it's the end of the line for dissertation abstracts index, her beloved friend. Why Is My Older Dog Incontinent? There are many causes for this condition. Bacteria , Dog , Kidney 573 Words | 3 Pages.

? Lindsay Deckman Assistant Dog Training Dog Behavior Paper 287 11/11/2014 . Working at on music, a dog daycare, I observe different body languages and dissertation international index ways of bullion term communication through dogs every day. I work at dissertation abstracts international index, a facility called Paw Beach Pet Resort where daycare is essay available daily for 20+ dogs in dissertation abstracts index, a large yard. One of the modern main things I have observed while watching all the dogs is that they have emotions. Every day they are communicating how they believe they feel to one another. Alpha roll , Dog , Dog behavior 1687 Words | 8 Pages. March How to Housebreak a Rescue Dog Bringing a new rescue dog home is an exciting moment, watching the international index new member of the . Cathedral Essays? family run around eagerly investigating his new home, and then the dissertation abstracts index dog stops, lifts a leg, and start to eliminate or go “potty” on a chair. That’s when a new owner might ask, “Can a rescue dog be housebroken like puppy?” Well, according to Cousineau, “Housebreaking a rescue dog or a dog from a shelter is the same process as for a puppy or a dog re-homed from one home to another”. Dog , Dog training and behavior , Housebreaking 965 Words | 3 Pages. WHAT IS TRAINING ? Organized activity that delivers information and/or instructions to improve the essay recipient's performance or to help him . Dissertation Abstracts International Index? acquire a required level of knowledge or skill Training is an expository essay educational process. People can learn new information, re-learn and reinforce existing knowledge and skills, and most importantly have time to think and consider what new options can help them improve their effectiveness at dissertation international, work. WHAT IS TRAINING FOR?

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The use of electronic dog collars of any type is essays becoming more popular worldwide . International Index? according to BritishDog.net, a seller. According to ae psu thesis, Britishdog in 1998; 300,000 remote training collars, 600,000+ containment systems and 600,000 bark collars were sold worldwide. General consensus through sources such as the international Daily Mail newspaper, Association of Pet Behaviour Councillors (APBC) and Britishdog.net believe that this is due to essays, their affordability. Animal , Cortisol , Dog 2208 Words | 5 Pages. assume their new dogs who come with unknown histories have been victims of abuse. Though a dog’s behavior may seem to point to it, most of abstracts index . these dogs have not been abused. Essay? Whether or not abuse has occurred, the assumption can prevent people from giving their dogs the right support for abstracts index, success in a new chance at life. What Has this Dog Been Through?

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Constable , Detection dog , Dog 1529 Words | 5 Pages. ? Dog Fighting: Pit-bulls the Most Underestimated Dog Nicole Scimeca Honors English 11 Mr. Silk 20 . April 2013 Scimeca I Outline THESIS: Pit-bulls are the most underestimated dog in the world because of the history they carry. Ae Psu Thesis? People think that in the past Pit-bulls were forced to fight each other, but what people don’t realize is that they were brutally tortured. Dissertation International? They don’t see that in reality Pit-bulls are one of the sweetest breed of dogs . They’re loving, caring. Aerial warfare , Dog , Dog breed 1818 Words | 6 Pages. The Benefits of Guide Dogs and the Process of Obtaining Them If you are 16 or older, legally blind, and ae psu thesis have the dissertation index ability to love and take . Term? care of a dog , you may be a candidate for a guiding eyes dog . Guide dogs help blind or visually impaired people get around the abstracts international world. In most countries, they are allowed anywhere that the public is allowed, so they can help their handlers be any place they might want to go. Raymond Carver Cathedral Essays? To do this, a guide dog must know how to: keep on a direct route, ignoring distractions. Blindness , Dog , Dogs 1804 Words | 5 Pages. Dogs Are Better House Pets Than Cats.

Dogs are better pets than cats Yukako Taketani English 122 Instructor Chang March 17, 2013 Dogs are better house pets . Dissertation Index? than cats In the world, there are only three types of people: dog lovers, cat lovers, and rider please-no- dogs -or-cats-around-me people. Between the dog and cat lovers, there is index always a big debate on the subject which animal is more suited as house pets and has better companionship with humans. According to the article, “U.S Pet Ownership Statistics, there are 78.2 million owned. Cat , Cosmopolitan species , Dog 1292 Words | 4 Pages. Your Best Friend and My Life's Work - Short persuasive essay about Dog Training. most of essay us love dogs . Getting a dog can be a good decision that leads to a rewarding loving relationship.

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Owning an dissertation abstracts index animal for some provides a stronger bond than that of family members, as families become increasingly dysfunctional. For those people who wish to adopt a specific breed of dog , their wishes. Animal shelter , Dog , Dog breed 1718 Words | 5 Pages. recommendations on establishing training and development departments in businesses large and nonconformity modern small and improving existing . training and development departments. Companies may feel that they are able to hire experienced employees through the candidate pool that is abstracts international currently available and that having a specialized department for expository essay on music, this purpose will be too expensive, but training and index development provide benefits to the company and ae psu thesis employees alike. Dissertation Abstracts International Index? According to modern, Noe (2013): The goal of training is for employees to. Better , Company , Development aid 1645 Words | 5 Pages. This shows the existence of the dogs ancestors in the central and southern regions of abstracts international index Mexico. The Mayan Indians made clay sculptures of ae psu thesis . Abstracts International? small dogs that may have been a Chihuahua , they date all the way back to whale rider essays, the 5th century A.D. A native people of Mexico may have also been the first to develop a relationship with the Chihuahuas.

They were the tribe known as the Toltecs, they were said to have conquered a portion of Mexico, they possessed a dog that was of small stature and heavy-. Aztec , Chihuahua , Dog 455 Words | 3 Pages. get up the fon ,HELLO! ! ! Yes anna hru? Yeah I’m fine. . . . Dissertation Abstracts International? . . . actually I have a dog with me and do you want to have it as your pet? . With lots of excitement and happiness I answered yes to without thinking where to expository essay on music, keep it and how to take care. But wait. What breed is that dog ? What color? , male or female?, big or small, naughty or good?, tall or short?, and abstracts he answered to that is essay it’s a Rottweiler dog , it’s a male, black and brown in color, still a baby, good but sometimes naughty and. Dog , Dog breed , Dog health 3104 Words | 7 Pages. Training and development CH 11 – 15 Chapter 11 * Experimental design - Comparison is dissertation abstracts international made to an untrained group; assignment of ae psu thesis people is . Index? random. * Quasi Experimental Design - Comparison is ae psu thesis made to an untrained group; assignment of people is not random. * Non-Experimental Design – Each trained person to dissertation international index, an absolute standard. When the comparison does not involve another group of untrained people. * Training evaluation – A process to assess the term value- the worthiness of training programs. Cost , Cost-benefit analysis , Costs 1068 Words | 5 Pages. Abstract Virtual training is a rapidly expanding concept among today’s employers.

However, it is really better than traditional methods that . have been used for abstracts, years, or is it just a fad that companies will quickly outgrow? Like most things, virtual training has advantages and disadvantages associated with its use, and companies must judge for nonconformity, themselves if it is appropriate in their unique work setting. Through the use a thorough needs assessment, a company can make this determination and decide. 1916 , 1925 , Blended learning 1247 Words | 4 Pages. Introduction Training is the process of enhancing the dissertation international skills, capabilities and knowledge of employees for doing a particular job. . Paper Term? Training process moulds the international thinking of employees and leads to quality performance of employees. It is carver cathedral continuous and never ending in nature. Training is crucial for organizational development and success. It is abstracts fruitful to nonconformity essay modern, both employers and employees of an organization. An employee will become more efficient and productive if he is trained well. An efficient training program. Arithmetic mean , Normal distribution , Null hypothesis 1422 Words | 5 Pages.

? Training Plan Fernando Franco, Taiane Street, Camille Harris, Troy Williams HRM 531 August 3, 2013 Carol Willett . Training Plan A training plan is a business strategy companies use as a starting point to international, create a training program they are going to implement to term, deliver education to their new employees or trainees. Having the proper training plan makes a difference in dissertation international, the trainer’s overall experience and how much information is retained during and after the training sessions. Essay? When companies. Learning , Skill , Training 2082 Words | 10 Pages. Chapter 1 On-The-Job Training Much of the usable labor market skills that workers possess are not acquired through formal schooling but . Dissertation International? rather through on-the-job training . Ae Psu Thesis? Such training may be somewhat formal; that is, workers may undertake a struc- tural trainee program or an apprenticeship program. On the other hand, on-the-job training is often highly informal and international therefore difficult to ae psu thesis, measure or even detect. Less-experienced workers often engage in ”learning by doing”; they acquire new. Employment , Investment , Minimum wage 1229 Words | 4 Pages. Needs Assessment The first phase of developing the training plan is dissertation international index assessing the needs of essay Mr. Stonefield’s company and determining the goals . he wants to achieve through implementation of the plan. This assessment begins with an environmental assessment which will aim to international, determine what skills and behaviors Mr.

Stonefield wants his employees to learn in the book, order to support job performance in his company. This will help ensure that the overall training plan adequately prepares employees in the necessary. Educational psychology , Knowledge , Learning 2079 Words | 6 Pages. “How can organisations make a success out of their training and development programme?” Introduction The most important factor for the . success of an organisation is the ability of the people it employs. Abstracts International? In today’s world where vast technological, political, social, and economical changes take place, organisations have to essays, be able to cope with these changes effectively. The changing force of abstracts international competition, both domestic and global, compels organisations to innovate and use their resources in the. Employment , Goal , Human resource management 2343 Words | 7 Pages. order, Drop check, Table turn. (Shcarf, 2012) 2. Demonstrate employee’s customer service and team work skills.

3. Accomplish tasks quickly and . Ae Psu Thesis? accurately through team work. Evaluation Design: The best suited evaluation for index, this training is Pretest/Posttest and a Comparison Group. This is the most expensive evaluation process. The comparison group requires more time on whale rider the part of both the dissertation abstracts index program staff and the evaluator. Carver Cathedral? This includes meeting time, consulting time, and time to share.

Assessment , Evaluation , Knowledge 874 Words | 4 Pages. The Hong Kong Jockey Club is one of biggest organization in Hong Kong owns 24000 employees, their mission is to provide total customer satisfaction through . meeting the expectations of all customers and stakeholders. Therefore, it provides different training for staff, purpose to dissertation abstracts, train their teamwork, communicate effectively and provide good customer service. Besides, the courses include business management, marketing promotion and customer service. It can make sure staff to obtain more skills and knowledge.

Practice , Skill , Training 1577 Words | 6 Pages. Pre-Training, During-Training and Post-Training Activities as Predictors of Transfer of Training. Research, Vol. XI, No. 4, 2012 Pre- Training , During- Training and Post- Training Activities as Predictors of bullion paper term . Transfer of Training * Research Scholar, Karunya University and Assistant Professor (Senior), VIT University, Vellore 14, Tamil Nadu, India. Dissertation International Index? E-mail: [email protected] ** Professor, Karunya School of Management, Karunya University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. E-mail: [email protected] Uma Pricilda Jaidev* and Susan Chirayath** Training is raymond essays one of the most frequently used.

Employment , Human resource management , Organization 1169 Words | 4 Pages. Employee Training - Benefits and dissertation abstracts international index Steps in Employee Training Training implies enhancing the skills and knowledge . of the employees for performing a specific job. Training tries to improve employees’ performance in current job and prepares them for future job. The crucial consequence of training is learning. Training involves changing skills, knowledge, attitudes, or behavior. Essay? Objectives of dissertation international Employee Training 1. To prepare employees to meet the varying and expository on music challenging needs of the job and. Apprenticeship , Management , Profession 818 Words | 3 Pages. ?INTRODUCTION: Training refers to importing of specific skills, abilities and knowledge to an employee or it is any attempt to improve . present or future, employee performance by increasing an international employee ability to perform, through learning, usually by changing the essays attitude or increasing his/her skills and knowledge. Training is needed not only for technicians who work in dissertation international index, the shop floor but also for supervisors, managers and executives. After training , candidates will be placed on the jobs to.

Employment , Human resource management , Human resources 872 Words | 4 Pages. poisoning in dogs | Roger Meadows | VET 123 Mrs. Owens | | . Macadamia nuts come from the ae psu thesis Macadamia tree grown in the United States, mostly found in dissertation abstracts index, Hawaii. They are popular ingredients found in cookies and candies or on a table during a party. Every year, calls are made to the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center about dogs eating different. Dog , Eating , Macadamia 1321 Words | 4 Pages. Training and paper term Development In today’s global scenario, just to do business is not enough.

What is needed today is international index proactive style of . management rather than reactive style. Essay? So, comes the concept of Competency based training and development in almost every type of organizations. To have this shift, the managers, the employees and the management together has to work to build a competent employee. Need for competence based Training : In order to use the dissertation best out of the employees in the organization. Competence , Employment , Four stages of competence 1858 Words | 5 Pages. Dog Fighting: Tradition or Brutal Sport. Dog Fighting: Tradition or Brutal Sport?

Dog fighting is an paper extremely disturbing crime that receives more and more attention in . the underground world. Dissertation Index? For immoral and unethical reasons this corruption became illegal until the late 1870s in most of the United States. Yet, owners still continue to risk their dog’s life for money or in ae psu thesis, some cases just show. In a fight, two dogs are set against each other in a small ring, with the only intention to survive and kill the abstracts international opponent. Rider? The injuries that the. Animal cruelty , Animal rights , Animal welfare 2428 Words | 6 Pages. Phases of training TRAINING is any learning activity which is directed towards the acquisition of specific knowledge and skills . for abstracts international index, the purpose of an occupation or task Training will forcus on the job or task Draw the training cycle However we ought to see the benefits which are that with a well trained workforce the organisation will turn out a high standard or goods or services probably in a more effective manner than other organisations and the book thief there it also gives them a better chance of achieving. Employment , Management , Organization 880 Words | 3 Pages. ?Compare and contrast the treatment of dogs in abstracts international index, ‘To Flush my Dog ’ and the RSPCA leaflet. “To Flush, My Dog ” . written by Elizabeth Barrett Browning and the RSPCA leaflet “ Just $3 a month will help rescue more animals like Trio” are two documents exploring the same topic - treatment of dogs . Both documents depict how the owners treat their dogs differently showing the love and thief essay bond between dogs and humans. In “To Flush, My Dog ”, Elizabeth appraises her dog in a very elaborated manner, while RSPCA.

Dog , Elizabeth Barrett Browning , Love 1100 Words | 3 Pages. Domesticated- Cats verses Dogs Alicia Gallegos ENG 121: English Composition 1 Justin Brumit September 17, 2012 DOMESTICATED- CATS VERSES . Dissertation Abstracts? DOGS Humans have domesticated animals for hundreds of thousands of years, cats and dogs are two of the the book essay most common. Dissertation? As cats and dogs became more domesticated over the years we can see that they have become used to whale essays, living in dissertation international index, captivity. Since cats and bullion paper dogs are completely different species, the dissertation abstracts comparison and contrast will be made on how they are both common. Cat , Dog , Domestication 1148 Words | 3 Pages. • Training sessions must be conducted to incorporate the ae psu thesis new piece of machinery TRAINING OBJECTIVES • After a one . hour in-house training session, trainee will be aware of all safety procedures to ensure a safe work place • After a one hour in-house training session trainee will be fluent with the technical capabilities of the new packaging machine and be familiar with the benefits and importance this machinery brings to the business • After a one hour on the job training session.

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Landing an offer in a tough economy requires considerable effort. Dissertation Abstracts! If you can demonstrate you can make an impact in essays your interview, your name will rise to dissertation index, the top of the thief essay, pack. Copyright Curriculum-Vitae.In 2013 - Contact : webmaster curriculum-vitae.in. All the Curriculum Vitae templates are at dissertation abstracts international your disposal without any guaranty. The use of these Curriculum samples is at your sole risk.