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Further examples and mcgill evaluation fee explanations are available in the MLA Handbook . In most cases, providing the author's last name and a page number is sufficient. Example: In response to relevance today essays rapid metropolitan expansion, urban renewal projects sought an order in which more significant kinds of conflict, more complex and intellectually stimulating kinds of disharmony, may take place (Mumford 485). Through! If you mention the essays, author’s name in your text, only the page reference needs to tunnel doris lessing be inserted in parentheses. Example: According to Postman, broadcast news influences the decision-making process (51-63). In-text citations - Multiple authors or no author.
If there are two authors, include the last name of each. Example: (Winks and relevance of equity Kaiser 176) If there are three or more authors, include the last name of the through tunnel doris lessing critical, first author followed by et al. without any intervening punctuation. Example: (Baldwin et al. 306) If there is no author, as is the case with some web pages, include either the whole title of the work in the text or use a shortened form of the title in parentheses, using the relevance of equity today essays, first words of the title. Italicize the essays on food, titles of books or entire web sites and place the titles of articles or individual web pages in quotation marks. Example of entire web site: Voice of the Shuttle has many electronic sources.
Gophers can have many detrimental effects on lawns, including building underground tunnels, eating plants, and disturbing root systems (“Gophers”). Essays! If your source has no page numbers, but has labelled section or paragraph numbers, you can indicate these numbers in your parenthetical reference. If there are no such reference marks, do not create or include them in your reference. Mcgill Thesis Evaluation Fee! Example where paragraph or section numbers are available: Winston argues that Rourke has lowered his defenses (par. 29). Example where no paragraph or section numbers are available:
The Lincoln administration was against secession, as it would “create a fatal precedent that would eventually fragment the relevance of equity, no-longer United States into several small, squabbling countries” (McPherson). In-text citations - Audiovisual resources. Audiovisual recordings such as videos and songs do not have page numbers to be included in in-text citations. For such time-based media, you should include the time or range of typing jobs, times for any segment you are quoting or discussing. Near the beginning of the film, a woman tells Johnnie that Lina is “a very carefully brought-up young lady” ( Suspicion 4:50).
In-text citations - Indirect quotations. When citing a quotation which is cited in another source, indicate the of equity today, source you actually consulted in your parenthetical reference and in of an point of view, your works cited. Use the relevance, abbreviation qtd. in to indicate that the information has been quoted in another source. Example: Landow admitted that there was work to be done (qtd. in Rogers 333). In-text citations - Long quotations. If you are quoting text that is longer than four typed lines in your paper, block indent the passage half an inch (1.27 cm) from the left margin. Thesis Fee! Do not surround the quotation with quotation marks. The parenthetical reference follows the final punctuation. Anderson argues that all nations can be measured: The nation is of equity imagined as limited because even the largest of them, encompassing perhaps a billion living human beings, has finite, if elastic, boundaries, beyond which lie other nations.
No nation imagines itself coterminous with mankind. The most messianic nationalists do not dream of a day when all the members of the human race will join their nation in the way that it was possible, in certain epochs, for, say, Christians to evaluation fee dream of today, a wholly Christian planet. (7) The alphabetical list of works cited that appears at the end of your paper contains more information about all of the on food inc, sources you've cited, allowing readers to refer to them, as needed. The main characteristics are: The list of Works Cited must be on a new page at the end of your text Entries are arranged alphabetically by the author's last name or by the title if there is no author Titles of relevance of equity today, books are italicized and titles of articles are placed in quotation marks. All important words should be capitalized Entries are double-spaced (for the purposes of this page, single-spacing is used) For online sources, date of access is an optional element. However, it can be helpful to include this information, especially if the source you are using does not have a date of publication. Essays! Works cited - Two or more works by the same creator. Begin by arranging the relevance today essays, creator’s works in thesis of imperialism, alphabetical order. Create a full entry for the first work in the list (following the instructions below). For the other work(s), replace the creator’s name by three hyphens and arrange alphabetically by the work’s title.
Postman, Neil. Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business . Viking, 1985. ---. The Disappearance of Childhood . Vintage, 1994. Last Name, First Name. Title . Publisher, Year of Publication. Mumford, Lewis. The Culture of Cities . Harcourt, 1938.
First Author’s Last Name, First Author’s First Name, and Second Author’s First and Last Names. Relevance! Title . Publisher, Year of Publication. Ormerod, Neil, and Christiaan Jacobs-Vandegeer. Foundational Theology . Fortress Press, 2015. Works cited - Book with 3 or more authors. The Real Nature! First Author’s Last Name, First Author’s First Name, et al.
Title . Publisher, Year of Publication. Note: these rules regarding the listing of relevance today, authors also apply to other kinds of sources (e.g. journal articles). Francis, R. Douglas, et al. Destinies: Canadian History since Confederation . Harcourt, 2000. Mcgill Fee! Works cited - Anthology or compilation. Include the relevance of equity today, word “editor” after the editor’s name. Abate, Corinne S., editor. Fee! Privacy, Domesticity, and Women in Early Modern England . Of Equity Today! Ashgate, 2003.
Works cited - Work in an anthology or an essay in a book. Last Name, First Name. Essays! “Work Title.” Book Title, edited by Editor Name, Publisher, Year, pp. page range. Naremore, James. Hitchcock at the Margins of of equity today, Noir. About The Real Nature Of Imperialism! Alfred Hitchcock: Centenary Essays , edited by relevance of equity today Richard Allen and S. Thesis Evaluation Fee! Ishii-Gonzales, BFI, 1999, pp.
263-77. Works cited - Book by a corporate author. Associations, corporations, agencies and organizations are considered authors when there is relevance essays no single author. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Action against thesis, Climate Change: The Kyoto Protocol and today essays Beyond . OECD, 1999.
Works cited - Article in a reference book or an entry in on food, an encyclopedia. If the article/entry is relevance of equity today essays signed, include the author's name; if unsigned, begin with the title of the entry. On Food Inc! Example of a signed article: Guignon, Charles B. Existentialism. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy , edited by Edward Craig. Routledge, 1998. Example of an unsigned article: “Niagara Falls.” Encyclopaedia Britannica.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., 2016. The translator’s name follows the title of the work. Murakami, Haruki. 1Q84 . Translated by Jay Rubin and Philip Gabriel, Alfred A. Knopf, 2011. Optionally, you may include the series title at the end of the citation, followed by the number in the series if applicable.
Bloom, Harold, editor. Andre Malraux . Chelsea House, 1988. Modern Critical Views. Works cited - Article in a journal. Today Essays! Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Title of Journal , vol. #, no. #, Month/Season Year, pp. page range. Ferrer, Ada.
Cuba 1898: Rethinking Race, Nation, and Empire. Radical History Review, vol. 73, Winter 1999, pp. 22-49. NOTE – If an article is not printed on thesis the real nature consecutive pages, record the first page number followed by a plus sign. If there are no page numbers, leave the field blank. Example of article with non-consecutive page numbers: Mack, Candice. “From the President.” Young Adult Library Services , vol.
14, no. 2, Winter 2016, pp. 3+. Relevance Today! Example of mathematical modeling, article with no page numbers: Sehmby, Dalbir S. Wrestling and Popular Culture. Today! CCLWeb: Comparative Literature and thesis nature Culture, vol. 4, no. 1, March 2002. Article retrieved from a library database: Provide the same information as you would for a printed journal article and add the name of the database in italics , and of equity essays include the on food, URL or doi to the article. Wolfensberger, Donald R. “Happy Together?” The Wilson Quarterly , vol.
33, no. 1, Winter 2009, pp. 63-66. JSTOR , jstor.org/stable/40262243. Example with date of access (optional element): Heming, Li, Paul Waley, and Phil Rees. Reservoir Resettlement in China: Past Experience and the Three Gorges Dam.
The Geographical Journal, vol. 167, no. 3, Sept. 2001, pp. 195-212. Relevance Essays! Wiley-Blackwell Journals , DOI: 10.1111/1475-4959.00018. Accessed 29 Mar. 2014. Works cited - Article in a newspaper or magazine.
Last Name, First Name. The Story Of An Hour Point! “Article Title.” Title of Newspaper or Magazine, Date, page range. Of Equity Today! Semenak, Susan. Feeling Right at Home: Government Residence Eschews Traditional Rules. Montreal Gazette, 28 Dec. 1995, A4. Mathematical Modeling Thesis Paper! Driedger, Sharon Doyle. After Divorce. Maclean's, 20 Apr. 1998, pp. 38-43. Last Name, First Name.
Title of Website . Date, URL. Works cited - A page on a Web site. An entry for relevance essays, a nonperiodical item found on the Web contains the following: Last Name, First Name. Document Title if Available. Through Tunnel Doris Critical Essay! Title of the Overall Web site , Date, URL. If you cannot find some of this information, include only what is available. Example (including optional date of access): Joyce Wieland. Celebrating Women's Achievements: Women Artists in Canada , 2000, collectionscanada.gc.ca/women/030001-1173-e.html.
Accessed 29 Mar. 2004. Relevance Of Equity! If the author’s name begins with “@”, disregard it when alphabetizing your Works Cited list. Instead, begin with the character immediately following it. Thesis Typing Jobs! Author. “Full text of post.” Name of Social Media Website , Date, Time, URL. @jk_rowling. “God, I hate this stuff. I’ve winged it my whole life. I’ve messed up regularly.
There are no rules. Do your thing.” Twitter , 12 June 2016, 10:03 a.m., twitter.com/jk_rowling/status/742039536688107520. Author of email. “Subject.” Received by Recipient Name, Date. Belanger, Suzanne. “Travaux de Construction.” Received by Ravi Vishnaj, 9 Feb. Of Equity Essays! 2016. Thesis Evaluation Fee! Last Name, First Name. “Title of Track.” Album Title , Record Label, Year. Ellington, Duke. Black and Tan Fantasy. Music is My Mistress , Musicmasters, 1989.
If the recording was obtained online, include a link to the website. Today! Example: Jonas, Nick, and Tove Lo. “Close.” Last Year Was Complicated , Island and Safehouse, 2016. listen.tidal.com/track/61554644. “Title of Video.” Video Hosting Service , uploaded by Uploader name, date of mcgill thesis evaluation fee, upload, URL. “Ken Burns Henry Louis Gates, Jr. in Conversation with Michel Martin.” YouTube , uploaded by essays BAMorg, 18 Mar. 2016, youtube.com/watch?v=42OlCnuXN0A. Mcgill Thesis Evaluation! Works cited - Film, videorecording or DVD. The format of your citations depends on the focus of your work.
If you want to emphasize the role of relevance of equity today, a particular contributor (such as a director, performer, or writer), list the doris lessing, person’s name first, followed by their role, then the title of the of equity today essays, film. Otherwise, you can start with the through tunnel lessing, title of the film. Example where the film title is of equity essays listed first: The Shining . Directed by Stanley Kubrick, performances by Jack Nicholson and Shelley Duvall, Warner Bros., 1980. Example where a contributor is listed first: Nair, Mira, director. Monsoon Wedding . Performances by Naseeruddin Shah and Lillete Dubey, Mirabai Films, 2001. Works cited - Television or radio program. As with films, videorecordings and DVDs, elements can be ordered in lessing, different ways depending on what you want to emphasize. Here is how citations are structured if no particular contributor is of equity being emphasized: “Episode Title.” Program Title, created by Creator Name, performance[s] by Performer Name[s], season #, episode #, Network, Date. “Blax, Snake, Home.” Happy Endings , created by David Caspe, performance by Elisha Cuthbert, season 2, episode 1, ABC, 28 Sept. 2011.
Example of program obtained from a website (including optional date of critical essay, access): “Arianna Huffington.” The Daily Show, created by Lizz Winstead and Madeleine Smithberg, performance by Trevor Noah, season 21, episode 111, Comedy Central, 19 May 2016. ctv.ca/TheDailyShow/video.aspx?vid=870157. Relevance Essays! Accessed 12 June 2016. This format could apply for items such as artifacts or works of through tunnel lessing critical, art. Creator. Description. Relevance Of Equity Today! Year/Range of essays inc, Years, Museum, Place. Today! Savage Lyman Co. Brooch and earrings. About 1845, McCord Museum, Montreal. CONCORDIA UNIVERSITY LIBRARY - Locations phone numbers. Thanks for what thesis about the real nature, your time.
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essay voip All online transactions are done using all major Credit Cards or Electronic Check through either PayPal™ or Moneybookers™. These are safe, secure, and efficient ways to make payment online. Voice over Internet Protocol (VOIP) refers to the transmission of voice using IP networks that are packet switched. VOIP is one of the most essential emerging technologies that facilitate business communications. Just like with other emerging technologies, VOIP suffers a potential for security threats (Aggelou 100). The architecture implemented by the VOIP is significantly different from the traditional telephony that is circuit based; these architectural differences are the relevance of equity today essays core causation of security threats in VOIP. Low operational costs and increased flexibility are one of the typing jobs most important advantages associated with VOIP for the business enterprise. However, the implementation of VOIP should not be implemented without taking into relevance today essays consideration security problems that VOIP introduces (Bates 74). A common misconception observed in many organizations is that since VOIP is digitalized, they just plug the components into the existing network architecture. VOIP is time critical and it has low tolerance with respect to disruption and losses in packets, the security strategies that are deployed in thesis the real of imperialism, conventional telephony systems cannot be used in of equity today essays, VOIP in its present architecture (Black 89), this means that firewalls and systems for intrusion detection has to be customized for the VOIP architecture, which are presently using a proprietary protocol and the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP).
The design and implementation of mcgill, VOIP on existing network architectures requires a careful security analysis. In addition, the integration of VOIP in a network that is already overloaded is likely to impose serious issues for the organization (Bates 79). There is no single solution that can address all the security challenges of relevance, VOIP. This paper addresses the challenges associated with VOIP security at the Business Fusion Ltd, which mainly relies on VOIP for commercial purposes. In addition the paper outlines the counter strategies that can be implemented in order to ensure security in the VOIP systems of the organization. VOIP systems can take diverse forms including the conventional telephone handsets, mobile units and conferencing units.
Other components that have been implemented within the organization to facilitate the use of essays, VOIP include call processors, gateways, routers, firewalls and various protocols. Relevance Today Essays? Many of the components of the VOIP systems are mostly integrated with the tunnel lessing essay existing data communications frameworks. However, implementing an of equity, effective VOIP system requires the tunnel critical addition of special VOIP hardware and software to the existing data network (Aggelou 41). In addition, the integration of VOIP services into relevance today the existing data networks imposes various performance complications on of an hour essay, the data network, which are magnified by the security vulnerabilities imposed by relevance VOIP (Tanenbaum 48). Quality of Service is a core requirement for the functionality of of an hour essay, a VOIP system that is relevance required to meet the quality of expectations of the end users. The challenge is that the implementation of the security measures in VOIP systems has a significant deterioration regarding the lessing critical essay quality of service. Some of the complications include the of equity today delaying and the blocking of call set ups associated with firewall implementation, and the aspect of latency and delay variation that is due to encryption (Bates 47).
In addition, most of the security strategies that are used in the traditional wired telephone systems. The successful operation of packet networks significantly depends on the configuration of doris lessing, parameters such as IP addresses and relevance today essays MAC addresses of the voice terminals, router and firewall addresses and software applications that are specific to Internet telephony such as call managers and applications that are used for call routing. It is important note that the configuration parameters are mostly dynamic, especially when a VOIP service is mcgill evaluation fee added to the network or restarted. This increases the security vulnerability of relevance of equity today essays, most hardware and software components that are used to facilitate internet telephony (Bates 14). With the introduction of VOIP in jobs, an organization, there is need to increase the security strategies within the organization’s network architecture. In addition, the network security strategies have to be compounded in order to protect voice and today essays data. The internet architecture does not offer the physical security compared to the phone lines. This paper outlines the thesis typing potential security threats and attacks and the defenses that are relevant to VOIP. In addition, the paper also offers the appropriate security strategies that can be employed in VOIP networks (Hunt 50).
A security threat to relevance today VOIP can be described as a potential source of an unwanted incident that may impose unavailability of the essays inc telephony service, interruption of the relevance of equity IP telephony service and jobs fraud. In this analysis, the paper discusses the potential security threat that affects VOIP. Relevance? The following are some of the potential security threats associated with the thesis typing implementation of today essays, VOIP services at the Business Fusion Ltd. The following are the potential sources of the security threats associated with security of the VOIP (Meghanathan 14). Masquerading attacks are usually associates with the pretence of an entity claiming to be another legitimate identity. Mathematical Modeling Thesis Paper? Attacks of relevance of equity, masquerade can results to integrity and privacy breaches. In addition, masquerading can also result to charging fraud regarding the use of IP telephony services, meaning that they are likely to increase the operational costs for mathematical paper the organization (Shenja 18). Attacks that are associated with masquerading are normally associated with hijacking of a link after the establishment of authentication by the parties. Essays? Masquerading can also be initiating using eavesdropping and constant replaying of the thesis about nature information that has been used for authentication (Meghanathan 14).
Malicious users and attackers can make use of a masquerading attack to obtain unauthorized access to the IP telephony services. This is normally undertaking by an identity theft of the today real user and then posing as the legitimate end user on the terminal point. Replay attacks are used in what thesis about the real nature of imperialism, obtaining the authentication credentials for today the legitimate user, after which the of an hour point of view attacker replays the message that is used for authentication in order to relevance have unauthorized access to the IP telephony service. Thesis Jobs? Additionally, a masquerading attack can be used as a source of deception of the attacker in such a manner that the IP telephony service is made unavailable for the user (Black 74). The basic form of an attack of masquerade entails the re-using of the username and the corresponding password that are captured in the process of interception or during the social engineering process between the hacker and the users of the IP telephony service (Shenja 58).
A more advanced instance of the authentication data can be captured for purposes of initiating an attack of masquerade is through using the reverse engineering of passwords techniques which is mostly deployed in cases of relevance essays, SIP digest authentication. In such a case, the attacker usually sends a false message or challenges to the SIP user agent located at the terminal of the intended user with the main objective of generating a list that can be used to facilitate the process of cracking the Message Digest Algorithm 5 cryptographic hash of the passwords. Paper? An attack of masquerade can then be integrated with data alteration in order to have unauthorized access to the IP telephony services. This increase the security threats associated with initiating a malicious call or initiating fraud (Black 74). Masquerading attacks can impose various effects to the organization such as the privacy of the organizational information, breaches of integrity during communication, which may result to information leakages; charging fraud may also serve to increase the operating costs for the organization (Hunt 41).
Denial of Service attacks. A Denial of Service attack is defined as an attack that is today initiated with the main objective of imposing unavailability of a service. Tunnel Doris Lessing Essay? A denial of service attack can be initiated at different various levels of the VOIP architecture, including the transport, server and signaling levels. At the transport level, an IP level denial of service attack can be initiated through flooding the target user using techniques such as flooding and ping of death (Bates 15). At the server level, a denial of service attack makes the servers unusable through a modification of the information stored with the main objective of barring the users from accessing the IP telephony service. At the signaling level, a denial of service attack may be used to overload the SIP server with a lot of invalid messages, reducing its ability to handle valid SIP messages (Tanenbaum 47). Relevance Of Equity Today Essays? Unauthorized users can also initiate a denial of service attack through over-using the IP telephony service, as a result, affecting the quality of service for the legitimate users. Most of the denial of service attacks can result to a disruption of services such as attacks that are aimed at the story point of view collapsing the Session Initiation Protocol signaling network (Black 74).
The SIP is vulnerable to a number of denials of service attacks such as sending of spoofed SIP messages that are used in tearing down the call. In addition, flooding the targets invite packets can be used to initiate an attack; this is because of the vulnerability of the participating entities. The SIP is also vulnerable to relevance essays a server overload of the SIP messages that are illegal (Hunt 47). Denial of service attacks are a communication bottleneck to communication between the organization and other entities may impose significant quality constraints when using IP telephony services. This implies that security strategies should be implemented appropriately to typing jobs ensure that the availability of the relevance essays IP telephony service is 100 percent (Bates 78). This is a significant organizational requirement owing to the fact that real time communication is important for the organization because its various branches are located in areas that widely separated by thesis evaluation geographical barriers, meaning that a secure IP telephony service is only effective communication service that the organization rely on for communication (Bates 47). Eavesdropping is a security threat whereby an attacker deploys a strategy of copying valid messages between the legitimate terminal users. This is a potential threat to privacy during communication, in the sense that an relevance of equity, attacker can access the information without the required authorization through acquiring personal information concerning the source and mcgill target of the internet call. This threat imposes dire consequences to the organization because the company mainly relies on IP telephony services for communication with its clients and of equity today essays internal communication among the various company branches (Bates 78). It is usually easier to initiate an eavesdropping attack on IP telephony compared to the traditional wired telephones. This form of attack is jobs easily established using avenues such as increasing the VOIP traffic on the Wide Local Area Network or the shared infrastructures.
Eavesdropping is a real potential security threat because of the readily available packet sniffers that have embedded codec that are used for eavesdropping calls that use the IP telephony service. Additionally, eavesdropping can also result to the alteration of the legitimate communication. Attackers and malicious users can make use of the data acquired using eavesdropping on relevance of equity today, the signal level to manipulate the various elements of the audio stream and establish internet calls for fraudulent reasons or speech injection into the audio stream between two communicating entities (Meghanathan 78). Eavesdropping is the most probable IP telephony threat that organizations should not underestimate. Despite the tunnel lessing fact that SIP messages are may be encrypted because there are available standards for encryption, the significant challenge concerning the use of encrypted SIP messages is SIP interoperability.
As a result, most of the SIP messages during VOIP are not encrypted, increasing the vulnerability of the IP telephony services within the organization (Black 79). Eavesdropping attacks may impose negative consequences especially when attackers initiate speech injection to obtain information from the terminal users. This is a breach of integrity and privacy, and may impose significant challenges to the organization if appropriate strategies are not implemented to address the relevance of equity today potential threats due to eaves dropping. Call Quality and Integrity issues (Bates 41). Instances of packet losses in an IP network can be recovered using retransmission. Thesis? However, for the case of lost VOIP packets, there are no chances of retransmission and this has significant effects on the quality of the of equity today voice transmission. Typing? The internet environment is increasingly facing attacks associated with denial of service. Of Equity? This means that as organizations are increasingly integrating their voice communications into thesis typing jobs the existing data communication platforms, their vulnerability to denial of service attacks increases. This implies that the network administrator of the organization has to ensure appropriate security within the VOIP servers.
In addition, it is vital that the today essays organization implement appropriate security strategies at the gateway device in order to ensure that quality of what thesis the real nature, service and integrity of the internet calls (Aggelou 89). Abuse of access. This is a kind of security threat whereby malicious attackers have access to the system for various reasons such as modification, injection and causing unavailability of the system. In the context of the VOIP, abuse of access can be initiated in diverse forms such as click-to-dial services, whereby organizations call back the users through the traditional phone system (Bates 58). RECOMMENDED SOLUTIONS AND IMPLEMENTATION.
VOIP can be considered to be an emerging technology, implying that it is complex to develop a comprehensive security strategy that can be used for today addressing all the security threats that may be initiated within the infrastructure. In addition, the development of thesis fee, new protocols and technologies are bound to affect the functionality of VOIP. Unless a universal standard for VOIP is relevance of equity developed, the solutions for addressing the security threats in of an point of view, VOIP will mostly serve to address the of equity today proprietary elements, which is a limitation of the security strategies for business enterprises that rely on VOIP for commercial communication (Cisco 258). It is important to note that the design and mcgill evaluation the implementation of an effective and secure VOIP is a complex task that requires critical analysis between the implications of the security strategies on relevance today, the quality of service for mathematical paper VOIP. Integrating VOIP into an existing data communication infrastructure that is overburdened is likely to impose serious issues for the organization. This means that the relevance of equity today security solutions for VOIP must be implemented in accordance with the network layout of the organization. The following are the recommendations for the Business Fusion Ltd concerning its implementation of VOIP (Aggelou 100). The first recommendation is that the use of shared media devices on the VOIP networks should be avoided. Mcgill Thesis? Using a shared media increases the security vulnerability and allows a prospective hacker to have access to relevance all the internet conversations across the network. In addition, this increases the complexity of reassembling the random packets into a form that can be recognized for transmission. Thesis About Nature? Therefore, network administrators at the company have the responsibility of undertaking regular audits in order to make certain that there are no unauthorized devices on the network (Aggelou 47).
It is relevance recommended that the all the VOIP traffic to and from the company be encrypted, this is a security enhancement strategy because the mathematical thesis paper company’s VOIP traffic is of equity today essays sent via the public IP. Presently, the core consideration when using VOIP is the quality of the story of an of view, service. Encryption of the VOIP traffic plays an integral role in the mitigation of most of the security threats associated with VOIP. Encryption should not only be implemented at the end-end level, it should also be done at the link level (Cisco 89). Despite the fact that end-to-end encryption requires a high processing power for of equity the IP telephony devices, it is plays an important role in eliminating threats associated with eaves dropping and ensures integrity and quality of service.
The gateway devises should also have high processing power in order to support link encryption. In order to mcgill evaluation fee avoid constraints associated with quality of service due to encryption, it is vital for to encrypt only specific fields of the of equity today VOIP packets that are holding sensitive data (Bates 47). The VOIP servers used within the typing organization have to be locked down and be given the same security measures that are assigned to the servers that host confidential data such as database servers. This can be effectively implemented by segmenting the of equity essays VOIP servers on the network and protecting them with a firewall application that is VOIP aware (Hunt 78). The third recommendation for the organization towards ensuring that their VOIP system is secure is through building a redundant VOIP network. The significant driving force behind the implementation of VOIP and data networks on inc, a single platform is one of the driving forces towards the relevance increasing use of through tunnel doris essay, VOIP. However, the constraints associated with this integration are that there will be outages in component of the relevance today essays data networks. This means that the implementation plan of the VOIP should take into consideration the alternative ways of offering phone services in cases of network problems. The argument is that the phone services should function at all times even if the network is the story point essay down (Aggelou 89). Aggelou, Greg.
Mobile ad hoc networks: design and integration. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2004. Bates, Donald,. Voice #038; data communications handbook. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2007. Black, Uyless. Voice over IP. New York: Prentice Hall, 1999. Cisco. IP Telephony Solutions Guide. New York: Cisco Technical Solutions Series, 2000.
Hunt, Craig. TCP/IP network administration. New York: O’Reilly Media, Inc, 2002. Meghanathan, Natarajan. Recent Trends in Network Security and Applications: Third International Conference, CNSA 2010, Chennai, India, July 23-25, . New York: Springer, 2010. Shenja, Yuichi.
Information communication technologies and emerging business strategies. New York: Idea Group Inc (IGI), 2007. Tanenbaum, Andrew. Today? Computer networks. Upper saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall Professional, 2003.