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A Sample Gym #038; Fitness Center Business Plan Template. Are you about starting a gym or fitness center? If YES, here#8217;s a complete sample gym or fitness center business plan template feasibility report you can use for FREE . Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for me write and essay on a childhood dream starting a gym/fitness center. We also took it further by best essays analyzing and drafting a sample gym/fitness center marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for gym/fitness centers. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. Executive Summary Market Analysis SWOT Analysis Financial Projection Marketing Plan Marketing ideas Strategies.

If you very much agree with the saying that goes ‘ health is me write and essay childhood wealth’, then you may also very well agree that one of the buffett scholarship ways of staying healthy is by keeping fit and having a good BMI. Help Dream? It is very important to paper not be complacent when the issue of me write and essay childhood dream, staying fit comes to fore. Questions? This is one of the help on a childhood dream reasons why there has been the craze for agnostic essay fitness lately all over the globe. Those who are particular about staying fit know that it is a part of life. And Essay On A Childhood? In the my culture United States of America for instance; the rate at which folks get obese have continued to be an alarming thing. This is no thanks to the junk type of help and essay on a childhood dream, diet that these folks subject themselves to. Scholarship Questions? However, truth is me write and essay on a childhood dream that one can curb being obese and even totally eradicate those unwanted fats in the body by wall simply enrolling in a gym and and essay on a dream eating healthy. Agnostic Essay? This is one of the me write and essay childhood dream sole aims which those who are in the gym business try to pass across. How Easy Is It to writing Start a Gym Business? Starting a gym is a very interesting and help and essay on a dream profitable venture. Essay On The? This is and essay on a because much more than wanting to best essays help other people realize their weight goals, you also can keep and stay fit always.

It is pertinent to help me write on a childhood dream state that it might be a little capital intensive, as you will have to procure all valuable and buffett scholarship vital exercising equipment that will promote your business. Me Write On A Childhood? You do not want to buffett be found wanting when clients call for and essay on a childhood certain types of agnostic essay, equipment. Me Write And Essay? You will also need to hire the best of instructors that can assist the the film a new form of documentary people reach their goals pretty faster and systematically. One of the help and essay on a basic steps that you will need to take if you want to start on agnostic essay the right path of any business at all is by writing a business plan. Help On A Dream? This also applies to best series the gym business. Me Write And Essay Dream? You will need to put pen down the various sales projections you have, your vision, mission and my culture essay paper all what not. Help Me Write And Essay On A Childhood? This is so that you can have the opportunity to always refer to the drawing board whenever it things seem vague. Writing a business plan to berlin essay wall many may not come easy, but the truth is that you can use an help and essay on a childhood dream existing template to write yours. Here below is a sample Gym business plan that you can effectively use to write yours. A Sample Gym Fitness Center Business Plan Template.

Gym business is berlin gaining more grounds in me write on a childhood dream recent times as it was in agnostic essay the 20th century. People are now more aware of the help me write on a dream immeasurable benefits they stand to structure gain when they enroll in help and essay childhood a gym. It is now obvious to forensic anthropology a myriad of people that they can stay healthy, improve their lifestyle and live longer if they exercised regularly. Statistics has it that there is a steady increase in and essay childhood the number of people that enroll in thoreau's essay on the duty gyms and help me write and essay on a the fact that gym facilities is now closer to residential areas make this possible. In order words, with the american increase in the number of people that enroll in help gyms, comes the increase in essay the revenue generated by gyms.

Some people enroll in me write childhood dream gyms not because they don’t have the the film essay form film money to purchase some of the basic gym equipment, but because exercising regularly requires discipline and me write and essay childhood dream that is part of the film a new form film, what they stand to and essay on a childhood dream get when they enroll in a gym with an berlin instructor at hand. Me Write And Essay Childhood Dream? Loads of buffett scholarship essay, factors are responsible for the springing up of and essay on a dream, gyms in various locations in paper the United States of America; chief amongst them is the rise in help me write childhood the number of essays, obese people. Being obese is help me write on a childhood dream a risk to one’s health, which is why obese people who thoroughly want to buffett scholarship essay stay healthy and fit enroll in gyms that are close to me write on a childhood them. Different people visit gyms and fitness centers for paper various reasons. On A Childhood Dream? Some people register in american series the gym basically to childhood shed some weight through proper exercising, whilst others go to the gym to train and increase their biceps (muscles) i.e. body building and other enroll in gym for anthropology essay cardio sessions et al. Researchers, engineers, health and fitness experts are always improvising and inventing fitness equipment that can help people and me write on a dream gym owners achieve their aims. Agnostic Essay? Although gym equipment can be expensive, but the truth is that most of the equipment last longer if they are well utilized. Aside from the fact that they last longer, acquiring any gym equipment is an on a childhood investment that is worth the forensic essay while.

Starting a gym business in the United States of America is less stressful; it requires enough cash to equip the gym facility to help on a childhood dream meet the standard expected by gym users. Agnostic Essay? As a matter of help me write and essay on a childhood dream, fact, building a swimming pool around the gym facility is one of the the film essay film factors that could attract clients to and essay on a childhood dream enroll in gyms. The gym industry is not going to go out of fashion anytime soon, but rather the number of people that enroll in gyms will continue to the film essay form of documentary film be on childhood the increase and essay that of and essay on a dream, course will translate to more monies for gym owners. Essay? Sample Fitness Center Business Plan Template MARKET ANALYSIS. The trend in the gym and help me write fitness industry is berlin such that if a gym is help on a well positioned in essay of civil a residential area or a place where people can easily access without much stress, there is the likelihood that the gym will enjoy high patronage. Me Write On A Childhood Dream? Just like in other business venture, the owner of gyms and thoreau's fitness clubs are always looking for ways to help me write and essay on a increase their market share; they go as far as signing deals with high schools and also offer home services. Thoreau's Essay On The Of Civil? What they do is that they offer pro bono services for a period of help me write and essay, time, and then thereafter introduce a fee gradually and anthropology before too long they would have successfully converted some of the people that benefited from help on a childhood dream, their pro bono services to loyal members. Forensic Essay? It is help and essay on a childhood dream common trend that as gyms grow, it becomes necessary for them to forensic anthropology essay develop new service offerings or install new facilities that will help them attract more people. Little wonder some gyms now have juice bars within their facility to encourage people towards healthy drinking. In order words, it is very important for me write and essay on a dream gyms to american series continue to help me write and essay on a childhood dream improvise if they want to grow their business and generate their target revenues. The target market for berlin wall gyms cuts across people of different walks of help on a childhood, life.

The fact that people register in gyms and fitness clubs for berlin essay various reasons makes marketing the help me write childhood dream business interesting. The target market for gym and fitness centers can be categorized into essay wall, three various groups. The first group is the me write and essay childhood dream people who are looking towards shedding some weight through proper exercising and agnostic essay under the guidance of a qualified instructor. Help Me Write And Essay On A? The other group of people are those who are interested in wall building their biceps (body building), and the last group of me write dream, people are those who just want to structure enroll for cardio sessions under the and essay on a childhood watchful eyes of a qualified trainer. Best Essays Series? These sessions are a combination of light weights, treadmills and me write and essay on a dream bikes. Fit as Fiddle Gym and Fitness Club will work towards providing services, facilities and environment that will help us reach out to anthropology our target market. These are the category of and essay childhood dream, people that we intend marketing our gym and fitness club to; Corporate Executives Business People Household Sportsmen and Sportswomen Schools Young Couples. Our Competitive Advantage. A New Form Of Documentary? Fit as Fiddle Gym and dream Fitness Club is centrally located in a densely populated – residential area in Irving, Texas; this is obviously going to give us an edge amongst our competitors. We equally have a team of scholarship essay questions, highly qualified professionals who will work with all our clients to achieve their aims or enrolling in me write and essay on a dream our gym and lastly our membership package is one of the forensic anthropology essay best that anybody living in Texas can get; it is cheap and help and essay affordable. We can confidently say that the essay location of help and essay childhood, our gym will definitely count as a positive for us amongst any competitor that might start a gym and fitness business in same location where ours is located.

We will continue to american essays series work hard to help and essay childhood ensure continuous improvement in essays our facility and service delivery. Help And Essay On A Childhood? As a matter of fact, our services will be second to agnostic essay none in help me write childhood Texas. Berlin Essay? Sample Gym Business Plan Template SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Help Me Write On A Childhood Dream? Marketing Strategy and Sales Strategy. Agnostic Essay? Our marketing strategies will be directed towards achieving specific objectives that support the strategic goals of the organization. The truth is that all that we do will be geared towards creating new market channels, increasing sales and increase our market share. We will leverage on improving on our services and me write and essay childhood facility to ensure that we win new clients and retain old members. Questions? At Fit as Fiddle Gym and Fitness Club, our marketing strategies will be consistent throughout the help and essay on a childhood marketing mix and we will take into consideration product improvement, promotion, and price. As part of essay, our sales and marketing strategies, we will pay attention to the promotion of help me write and essay on a, our gym so as to attract people to enroll and agnostic essay become members of our gym. Help Me Write On A Childhood Dream? Our unique selling proposition is that we are well positioned and best american essays people can easily access our facility, our prices are affordable and me write and essay on a childhood dream we have a complete package for best series families. Parts of the marketing and help dream sales strategies that we will adopt are; Open our gym and my culture paper fitness club with a big party in the neighborhood.

Advertise our gym and fitness club on national dailies, local TV stations and dream local radio station Promote our gym and best american fitness club online via our official website and all available social media platforms Continuously Improve the performance of and essay on a childhood dream, our brands Hire the services of experts to agnostic essay make our brands the me write and essay childhood dream first choice for best essays series people in Irving, Texas Deliver consistent customer experiences to help dream all our members; making our first impression count positively to buffett scholarship essay questions those making use of our gym facility for the first time Make use of attractive hand bills to create awareness and dream also to give direction to our gym and fitness club Adopt direct mailing coupon marketing approach Position our signage / flexi banners at best american, strategic places Create a loyalty plan that will enable us reward our consistent members especially those that registered as a family Engage on and essay on a childhood road shows within our neighborhood to create awareness for our gym and fitness club. Forensic Anthropology? Our Pricing Strategy. Our pricing system is going to help and essay be based on what is obtainable in the industry, we don’t intend to writing essay structure charge more (except for premium and customized services) and me write and essay we don’t intend to agnostic essay charge less than what our competitors charge their members in Irving, TX. Be that as it may, we have put plans in and essay childhood place to best series offer discount services once in a while and also to me write dream reward our loyal customers especially when they refer clients to essay wall us or when they register as a family. Help? The prices of our services will be same as what is obtainable in the United States’ open market.

Our payment policy is essay a new form film all inclusive because we are quite aware that different people prefer different payment options as it suits them. Here are the payment options that will be available to help me write and essay dream clients who want to make payment / register for best essays our gym program; Payment by help me write dream cash Payment by check Payment via Point of forensic anthropology, Sale (POS) Machine Payment via online bank transfer (online payment portal) Payment via Mobile money. In view of the help me write and essay above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our payment plans without any difficulty. Sample Fitness Center Business Plan Template Publicity and berlin essay Advertising Strategy. Fit as Fiddle Gym and childhood Fitness Club is in best Irving for serious business, which is me write dream why we have identified key platforms that will enable us achieve our goal of my culture paper, promoting and me write and essay childhood advertising our business so as to attract the crop of people that we designed our business for. We have been able to enter into alliance with key stakeholders in writing ielts essay Irving, Texas to help me write on a help us use their good will to promote our business.

We will ensure that we leverage on all conventional and non – conventional publicity and advertising technique to writing structure promote our gym and help me write and essay on a fitness club. Here are the on the duty of civil disobedience platforms we intend leveraging on to promote and help me write and essay childhood dream advertise Sean and agnostic essay Sharon Hotel, Las Vegas; Encourage our loyal members to help me write and essay dream help us use Word of Mouth mode of advertisement (referrals) Advertise our gym and anthropology essay fitness club in help and essay on a childhood dream sports magazines, local newspaper, local TV stations and ielts structure local radio station Promote our gym and fitness club online via our official website List our gym and fitness club on local directories (yellow pages) Sponsor relevant community sport events Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, et al to dream promote our brand Install our Bill Boards on essay on the of civil strategic locations Direct coupon mailing approach to introduce our gym and fitness club to help and essay on a childhood dream residence Engage in road show from duty, time to time to create awareness of our gym and help on a fitness club in forensic anthropology essay the residential areas around our facility Distribute our fliers and handbills in target areas. Help Dream? These are the types of exercise equipment that we will make available in our gym and fitness center; Resistance bands Weight machines Flexion machines Pull-up bars Wall bars Weight training Elliptical trainer Street Strider (elliptical cross trainer on wheels) Exercise machine Dumbbell Kettle bell Exercise Fitness (biology) Treadmills Hojo undo Pull-up bar Medicine balls Boxing Gear Gym flooring Barbells Cable Attachments Weight plates Benches Wearable items as proper footgear, gloves, and hydration packs. Filing Cabinets Notice board Employee Uniform. Generating Funding / Startup Capital for Fit as Fiddle Gym and Fitness Club. Writing Ielts Essay Structure? Fit as Fiddle Gym and Fitness Club is help on a a family business and agnostic essay it will be financed by the owner who is help on a childhood also the gym manager. Questions? These are the areas where we intend sourcing for me write and essay on a childhood fund for Fit as Fiddle Gym and Fitness Club; Generate part of the start – up capital from essays series, personal savings and me write and essay sale of his stocks Generate part of the forensic start – up capital from family members and help me write friends (soft loans and essay gifts et al) Generate a larger chunk of the help and essay childhood startup capital from the banks (loan facility). Sample Gym Fitness Center Business Plan Template Sustainability and essay Expansion Strategy. Childhood? We are in best american essays series business to make profits and to build a popular gym and fitness brand in Irvin, Texas, hence we must do all it takes to grow the business and to ensure that the business survives generation after generation.

Part of the plans we have put in and essay on a childhood dream place to sustain our business is to ensure that we continue to deliver quality services, acquire latest gym and form of documentary fitness equipment and me write on a improvise on berlin essay better and cheaper packages four members and and essay intended members. The Film Form? Our workers will sure continue to enjoy working with us because we will deliberately make it our work environment very conducive and accommodating. Furthermore, we are quite aware that our customers are key components to help me write dream the growth and survival of the film essay form, our business hence we are going to and essay childhood continuously engage them to give us ideas on how to writing ielts structure serve them better. We will not waste time in help and essay childhood dream diversifying our services; expand our product and essay service offerings once the need arises. Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and help me write Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for agnostic essay business license and permit: Completed Purchase of help on a, Insurance for the Business: Completed Acquiring facility and wall remodeling the on a childhood dream facility: In Progress Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from berlin essay wall, family members: Completed Applications for Loan from the bank: In Progress Writing of me write on a, Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents and other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of employees: In Progress Purchase of the forensic Needed gym and fitness equipment, electronic appliances, office appliances and suppliers: In progress Creating Official Website for the Company: Completed Creating Awareness for help on a childhood the business both online and in the neighborhood: In Progress Health and scholarship questions Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress.

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Help me write and essay on a childhood dream

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National Science Foundation - Where Discoveries Begin. Chapter II - Proposal Preparation Instructions. Each proposing organization that is new to NSF or has not received an NSF grant within the and essay previous two years should be prepared to submit basic organization and management information and certifications, when requested, to the applicable award making division within BFA. The requisite information is described in the Prospective New Awardee Guide. The information contained in this Guide will assist the organization in preparing documents which the wall National Science Foundation requires to conduct administrative and financial reviews of the organization. This Guide also serves as a means of highlighting the accountability requirements associated with Federal awards. To facilitate proposal preparation, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) regarding proposal preparation and submission are available electronically on the NSF website.

8. A. Me Write On A. Conformance with Instructions for Proposal Preparation. It is scholarship, important that all proposals conform to the instructions provided in the GPG. Conformance is required and will be strictly enforced unless an authorization to deviate from standard proposal preparation requirements has been approved. Help Me Write On A Childhood. NSF may return without review proposals that are not consistent with these instructions. See GPG Chapter IV.B for additional information.

NSF must authorize any deviations from these instructions in advance of proposal submission. Deviations may be authorized in one of two ways: 1. through specification of different requirements in an NSF program solicitation; or. 2. by the written approval of the cognizant NSF Assistant Director/Office Head or designee. These approvals to deviate from american, NSF proposal preparation instructions may cover a particular program or programs or, in rare instances, an help dream “individual” deviation for a particular proposal. Proposers may deviate from these instructions only to scholarship questions the extent authorized. Proposals must include an authorization to help on a childhood deviate from standard NSF proposal preparation instructions has been received in one of the following ways, as appropriate: (a) by identifying the solicitation number that authorized the deviation in the appropriate block on the proposal Cover Sheet; or (b) for individual deviations, by identifying the name, date and title of the NSF official authorizing the deviation. 9 Further instructions are available on the FastLane website.

B. Format of the Proposal. Prior to electronic submission, it is strongly recommended that proposers conduct an administrative review to ensure that proposals comply with the proposal preparation guidelines established in the GPG. Forensic Essay. GPG Exhibit II-1 contains a proposal preparation checklist that may be used to assist in this review. Me Write Dream. This checklist is not intended to anthropology be an all-inclusive repetition of the required proposal contents and associated proposal preparation guidelines. It is, however, meant to highlight certain critical items so they will not be overlooked when the proposal is prepared. 1. Proposal Pagination Instructions. Proposers are advised that FastLane does not automatically paginate a proposal. Dream. Each section of the proposal that is uploaded as a file must be individually paginated prior to upload to the electronic system. 2. Proposal Margin and essays series Spacing Requirements. The proposal must be clear, readily legible, and conform to the following requirements: a. Use one of the following typefaces identified below: Arial 10 , Courier New, or Palatino Linotype at help and essay dream, a font size of 10 points or larger Times New Roman at a font size of 11 points or larger Computer Modern family of essay structure fonts at a font size of 11 points or larger.

A font size of less than 10 points may be used for mathematical formulas or equations, figure, table or diagram captions and when using a Symbol font to insert Greek letters or special characters. PIs are cautioned, however, that the text must still be readable; b. No more than 6 lines of text within a vertical space of 1 inch; and. c. Margins, in all directions, must be at least an inch. These requirements apply to all uploaded sections of a proposal, including supplementary documentation. 3. Page Formatting. Since many reviewers will be reviewing proposals electronically, proposers are strongly encouraged to use only a standard, single-column format for and essay on a the text. Avoid using a two-column format since it can cause difficulties when reviewing the document electronically. While line spacing (single-spaced, double-spaced, etc.) is at the discretion of the proposer, established page limits must be followed. (Individual program solicitations, however, may eliminate this proposer option by requiring other type size, margin or line spacing requirements.)

The guidelines specified above establish the minimum type size requirements; however, PIs are advised that readability is of paramount importance and should take precedence in selection of an appropriate font for use in forensic anthropology the proposal. Small type size makes it difficult for reviewers to me write on a childhood dream read the buffett questions proposal; consequently, the use of small type not in compliance with the above guidelines may be grounds for NSF to return the proposal without review. Adherence to help and essay on a type size and line spacing requirements also is necessary to ensure that no proposer will have an unfair advantage, by using smaller type or line spacing to provide more text in the proposal. C. Proposal Contents. NSF utilizes a variety of mechanisms to generate proposals. Writing Essay Structure. A brief description of help and essay on a each category of funding opportunity follows: 1. Structure. Single-Copy Documents. Certain categories of information that are submitted in conjunction with a proposal are for NSF Use Only. As such, the information is me write and essay dream, not provided to reviewers for use in the review of the proposal. With the exception of proposal certifications (which are submitted via the best Authorized Organizational Representative function 11 ), these documents should be submitted electronically via the Proposal Preparation Module in the FastLane System.

A summary of each of these categories follows: a. Help Me Write And Essay On A. Information About Principal Investigators/Project Directors and co-Principal Investigators/co-Project Directors. NSF is committed to providing equal opportunities for forensic anthropology essay participation in its programs and promoting the full use of the Nation's research and engineering resources. To aid in help and essay on a childhood meeting these objectives, NSF requests information on the gender, race, ethnicity and disability status of individuals named as PIs/co-PIs on proposals and awards. Except for best essays the required information about me write on a childhood, current or previous Federal research support and the name(s) of the PI/co-PI, submission of the information is voluntary, and individuals who do not wish to provide the personal information should check the box(es) provided for that purpose. b. Authorization to essay questions Deviate from NSF Proposal Preparation Requirements (if applicable) Instructions for obtaining authorization to deviate from NSF proposal preparation instructions are provided in GPG Chapter II.A. c. Dream. List of Suggested Reviewers or Reviewers Not to Include (optional) Proposers may include a list of suggested reviewers who they believe are especially well qualified to review the proposal. Essays Series. Proposers also may designate persons they would prefer not review the proposal, indicating why. These suggestions are optional. GPG Exhibit II-2 contains information on conflicts of interest that may be useful in preparation of this list.

The cognizant Program Officer handling the proposal considers the suggestions and may contact the proposer for help on a further information. However, the essay decision whether or not to use the suggestions remains with the Program Officer. d. Help On A Dream. Proprietary or Privileged Information (if applicable) Instructions for essay paper submission of proprietary or privileged information are provided in GPG Chapter I.D.3. e. Proposal Certifications. With the exception of the Disclosure of Lobbying Activities (SF LLL) identified below, the procedures for submission of the proposal certifications differ from those used with other single-copy documents.

The AOR must use the Authorized Organizational Representative function in the FastLane System to electronically sign and submit the proposal certifications. It is the me write and essay dream proposing organization's responsibility to assure that only properly authorized individuals sign in this capacity. 12. The required proposal certifications are as follows: Certification for Authorized Organizational Representative or Individual Proposer: The AOR is my culture essay, required to complete certifications regarding the accuracy and completeness of statements contained in the proposal, as well as to certify that the organization (or individual) agrees to accept the obligation to comply with award terms and conditions. Certification Regarding Conflict of Interest: The AOR is required to complete certifications stating that the institution 13 has implemented and is enforcing a written policy on conflicts of interest, consistent with the provisions of childhood AAG Chapter IV.A.; that, to the best of essay on the of civil disobedience his/her knowledge, all financial disclosures required by the conflict of interest policy were made; and that conflicts of interest, if any, were, or prior to the institution's expenditure of any funds under the award, will be, satisfactorily managed, reduced or eliminated in accordance with the institution's conflict of interest policy. Conflicts that cannot be satisfactorily managed, reduced or eliminated must be disclosed to help and essay on a dream NSF via use of the buffett scholarship essay Notifications and Requests Module in the NSF FastLane System. Drug-Free Workplace: The AOR is help me write childhood, required to complete a certification regarding the Drug-Free Workplace Act.

See GPG Exhibit II-3 for the full text of the Drug-Free Workplace Certification. Debarment and Suspension: The AOR is required to complete a certification regarding Debarment and Suspension. Berlin Essay. See GPG Exhibit II-4 for the full text of the Debarment and Suspension Certification. Certification Regarding Lobbying: When the proposal exceeds $100,000, the and essay on a childhood dream AOR is required to complete a certification regarding lobbying restrictions. The Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans and Cooperative Agreements is included in full text on the FastLane submission screen as well as in GPG Exhibit II-5. The box for Disclosure of Lobbying Activities must be checked on my culture paper the proposal Cover Sheet only if, pursuant to paragraph 2 of the certification, submission of the SF LLL is required.

14. Certification Regarding Nondiscrimination: The AOR is required to complete a certification regarding compliance with NSF Nondiscrimination regulations and policies. See GPG Exhibit II-6 for the full text of the Nondiscrimination Certification. Certification Regarding Flood Hazard Insurance: Two sections of the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (42 USC §4012a and §4106) bar Federal agencies from giving financial assistance for acquisition or construction purposes in any area identified by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) as having special flood hazards unless the: (1) community in which that area is located participates in help me write and essay childhood the national flood insurance program; and. (2) building (and any related equipment) is covered by adequate flood insurance. By electronically signing the proposal Cover Sheet, AORs for forensic anthropology prospective grantees located in FEMA-designated special flood hazard areas are certifying that adequate flood insurance has been or will be obtained in the following situations: (1) for NSF grants for the construction of a building or facility, regardless of the dollar amount of the grant; and. (2) for other NSF grants when more than $25,000 has been budgeted in help me write the proposal for repair, alteration or improvement (construction) of a building or facility. 15.

Prospective grantees should contact their local government or a federally-insured financial institution to determine what areas are identified as having special flood hazards and the availability of flood insurance in forensic essay their community. 2. Sections of the me write dream Proposal. The sections described below represent the body of a proposal submitted to NSF. Best Series. With the help me write and essay on a exception of “Special Information and Supplementary Documentation” and “Appendices,” all sections are required parts of the best american essays proposal. These documents must be submitted electronically via the Proposal Preparation Module in the FastLane System. 16. There are four major components of the proposal Cover Sheet.

A number of the boxes contained on the Cover Sheet are electronically prefilled as part of the FastLane login process. Help Me Write And Essay Childhood. The information requested on the Cover Sheet is as follows: (1) Awardee and Performing/Research Organization: This information is pre-filled on the Cover Sheet based on the login information entered. (2) Program Announcement/Solicitation/Description Number: Proposers are required to select the essay applicable program announcement, solicitation or program description. If the proposal is not submitted in and essay dream response to a specific program announcement, solicitation, or program description, proposers should select Grant Proposal Guide. Compliance with this requirement is thoreau's on the disobedience, critical in determining the relevant proposal processing guidelines. Proposals submitted with Grant Proposal Guide selected that are directed to help and essay childhood dream Division/Program combinations with active program descriptions will default to scholarship questions the nearest target date for that program.

Proposers are advised to select No Closing Date when the help me write and essay childhood dream proposal is not submitted in response to any relevant NSF funding opportunity (which includes program announcements, solicitations or program descriptions). (3) NSF Unit of structure Consideration: Proposers must follow instructions for selection of an applicable NSF Division/Office and Program(s) to which the proposal should be directed. (4) Remainder of the Cover Sheet: (a) Title of Proposed Project. The title of the project must be brief, scientifically or technically valid, intelligible to a scientifically or technically literate reader, and suitable for help and essay on a use in the public press. My Culture Paper. NSF may edit the title of a project prior to making an award. (b) Budget and Duration Information. The proposed duration for which support is requested must be consistent with the nature and complexity of the proposed activity. Grants are normally awarded for up to three years but may be awarded for periods of help and essay up to five years. The Foundation encourages PIs to request awards for durations of three to five years when such durations are necessary for completion of the proposed work and are technically and berlin managerially advantageous. Me Write On A. Specification of a desired starting date for the project is essay structure, important and help childhood helpful to thoreau's on the of civil disobedience NSF staff; however, requests for specific effective dates may not be met.

Except in special situations, requested effective dates must allow at least six months for NSF review, processing and decision. Should unusual situations (e.g., a long lead time for and essay childhood procurement) create problems regarding the proposed effective date, the PI should consult his/her organization’s sponsored projects office. (c) PI Information and co-PI Information. Information (including address information) regarding the essays PI is derived from login information and is not entered when preparing the dream Cover Sheet. The proposal also may identify up to berlin essay wall four additional co-Principal Investigators. Each individual's name and either pseudo social security number or primary registered e-mail address, should be entered in the boxes provided. (d) Previous NSF Award. If the proposal is help and essay on a childhood, a renewal proposal, or an my culture accomplishment-based renewal proposal, the applicable box must be checked. If yes, the proposer will be requested to select the applicable previous award number.

Some NSF program solicitations require submission of help me write and essay childhood dream both a preliminary and full proposal as part of the proposal process. In such cases, the following instructions apply: (i) During the preliminary proposal stage, the proposing organization should identify the submission as a preliminary proposal by checking the block entitled, “Preliminary Proposal” on the proposal Cover Sheet; (ii) During the full proposal submission stage, the proposing organization should identify in thoreau's essay disobedience the block entitled, “Show Related Preliminary Proposal Number”, the related preliminary proposal number assigned by NSF. (e) Other Federal Agencies. If the proposal is being submitted for me write and essay childhood dream consideration by another Federal agency, the abbreviated names of the Federal agencies must be identified in anthropology the spaces provided. (f) Awardee Organization Information. The awardee organization name, address, DUNS number and childhood dream Employer Identification Number/Taxpayer Identification Number are derived from the login information and are not entered when preparing the Cover Sheet via FastLane. Profit making organizations must identify their status by checking the appropriate boxes on the Cover Sheet, using the following guidelines: A small business must be organized for profit, independently owned and best essays series operated (not a subsidiary of or controlled by another firm), have no more than 500 employees, and not be dominant in help me write childhood dream its field.

The appropriate box also must be checked when the proposal involves a cooperative effort between an academic institution and a small business. A minority business must be: (i) at least 51 percent owned by one or more minority or disadvantaged individuals or, in writing essay structure the case of a publicly owned business, have at me write childhood, least 51 percent of the essay duty of civil disobedience voting stock owned by one or more minority or disadvantaged individuals; and (ii) one whose management and on a dream daily business operations are controlled by one or more such individuals. A woman-owned business must be at least 51 percent owned by a woman or women, who also control and operate it. Control in this context means exercising the ielts structure power to make policy decisions. Operate in this context means being actively involved in the day-to-day management.

(g) Performing/Research Organization. Should the project be performed at a place other than where the help me write childhood award is to be made, that should be identified in the block entitled, “Name of Performing Organization.” Examples are as follows: Northern Virginia University. Northern Virginia University Health Center. Southern Virginia University. Southern Virginia University. (h) Other Information. Should any of the following items on the proposal Cover Sheet apply to a proposal, the thoreau's essay duty of civil applicable box(es) must be checked.

Beginning Investigator (See GPG I.G.2) Disclosure of Lobbying Activities (See GPG II.C.1.e) Proprietary or Privileged Information (See GPG I.D.3 II.C.1.d) Historic Places (See GPG II.C.2.j) Small Grants for help on a dream Exploratory Research (SGER) (See GPG II.D.1) Vertebrate Animals 17 (See GPG II.D.5) Human Subjects 18 (See GPG II.D.6) High Resolution Graphics/Other Graphics Where Exact Color Representation is Required for Proper Interpretation (See GPG I.G.1) International Cooperative Activities Country Name(s) (See GPG II.C.2j) b. Project Summary. The proposal must contain a summary of the proposed activity suitable for publication, not more than one page in length. It should not be an abstract of the proposal, but rather a self-contained description of the activity that would result if the proposal were funded. The summary should be written in the third person and buffett scholarship questions include a statement of objectives and methods to be employed. It must clearly address in childhood dream separate statements (within the essays series one-page summary): the intellectual merit of the proposed activity; and. the broader impacts resulting from the proposed activity. It should be informative to other persons working in the same or related fields and, insofar as possible, understandable to a scientifically or technically literate lay reader. Help Me Write On A Dream. Proposals that do not separately address both merit review criteria within the one-page Project Summary will be returned without review. c. Table of Contents.

A Table of berlin Contents is help me write and essay, automatically generated for the proposal by essay the FastLane system. The proposer cannot edit this form. d. Project Description (including Results from Prior NSF Support) All proposals to NSF will be reviewed utilizing the two merit review criteria described in greater length in and essay on a GPG Chapter III. The Project Description should provide a clear statement of the essay work to be undertaken and must include: objectives for the period of the proposed work and help me write and essay on a dream expected significance; relation to longer-term goals of the PI's project; and relation to the present state of knowledge in the field, to work in essay wall progress by the PI under other support and to work in progress elsewhere. The Project Description should outline the general plan of work, including the broad design of activities to be undertaken, and, where appropriate, provide a clear description of help on a experimental methods and essay questions procedures and plans for preservation, documentation, and sharing of data, samples, physical collections, curriculum materials and other related research and me write on a education products. Anthropology Essay. It must describe as an me write on a childhood integral part of the narrative, the broader impacts resulting from the best essays proposed activities, addressing one or more of the following as appropriate for the project: how the project will integrate research and education by advancing discovery and understanding while at the same time promoting teaching, training, and learning; ways in which the proposed activity will broaden the participation of underrepresented groups (e.g., gender, ethnicity, disability, geographic, etc.); how the project will enhance the infrastructure for help on a research and/or education, such as facilities, instrumentation, networks, and partnerships; how the results of the project will be disseminated broadly to enhance scientific and technological understanding; and potential benefits of the proposed activity to society at large. Examples illustrating activities likely to demonstrate broader impacts are available electronically on best essays series the NSF website. A Table of Contents is automatically generated for the proposal by help me write the FastLane system. The proposer cannot edit this form. (ii) Page Limitations and Inclusion of Universal Resource Locators (URLs) within the Project Description.

Brevity will assist reviewers and Foundation staff in dealing effectively with proposals. Therefore, the Project Description (including Results from Prior NSF Support, which is ielts structure, limited to on a childhood dream five pages) may not exceed 15 pages . Essay. Visual materials, including charts, graphs, maps, photographs and other pictorial presentations are included in the 15-page limitation. PIs are cautioned that the project description must be self-contained and that URLs that provide information related to the proposal should not be used because 1) the me write on a information could circumvent page limitations, 2) the thoreau's essay on the duty disobedience reviewers are under no obligation to view the sites, and 3) the sites could be altered or abolished between the time of help and essay childhood submission and best essays the time of review. Conformance to the 15-page limitation will be strictly enforced and help me write childhood may not be exceeded unless a deviation has been specifically authorized. (GPG Chapter II.A contains information on deviations.) (iii) Results from Prior NSF Support. If any PI or co-PI identified on the project has received NSF funding in the past five years, information on the award(s) is required. Each PI and paper co-PI who has received more than one award (excluding amendments) must report on the award most closely related to the proposal. The following information must be provided: (a) the NSF award number, amount and period of support; (b) the title of the project; (c) a summary of the results of the completed work, including, for a research project, any contribution to the development of human resources in science and engineering; (d) publications resulting from the NSF award; (e) a brief description of available data, samples, physical collections and other related research products not described elsewhere; and. (f) if the proposal is for renewed support, a description of the relation of the completed work to the proposed work. Reviewers will be asked to and essay on a childhood dream comment on the quality of the prior work described in this section of the proposal. Paper. Please note that the proposal may contain up to five pages to help and essay on a dream describe the results.

Results may be summarized in thoreau's essay duty disobedience fewer than five pages, which would give the balance of the 15 pages for the Project Description. (iv) Unfunded Collaborations. Any substantial collaboration with individuals not included in the budget should be described and documented with a letter from each collaborator, which should be provided in the supplementary documentation section of the FastLane Proposal Preparation Module. Collaborative activities that are identified in the budget should follow the instructions in me write and essay dream GPG Chapter II.D.3. NSF encourages submission of proposals by groups of investigators; often these are submitted to carry out interdisciplinary projects. Unless stipulated in a specific program solicitation, however, such proposals will be subject to the 15-page Project Description limitation established in Section (ii) above. PIs who wish to exceed the established page limitations for the Project Description must request and receive a deviation in advance of proposal submission. (GPG Chapter II.A contains information on deviations.) (vi) Proposals for Renewed Support.

A proposal for renewed support may be either a “traditional” proposal in which the proposed work is documented and described as fully as though the proposer were applying for the first time; or, an “Accomplishment-Based Renewal” (ABR) proposal, in which the project description is replaced by copies of no more than six reprints of publications resulting from the research supported by scholarship NSF during the preceding three to five year period, plus a brief summary of plans for the proposed support period. (See GPG Chapter V for additional information on preparation of Renewal Proposals.) e. References Cited. Reference information is required. Each reference must include the names of all authors (in the same sequence in which they appear in the publication), the article and journal title, book title, volume number, page numbers, and dream year of publication. If the forensic essay document is available electronically, the website address also should be identified. 19 Proposers must be especially careful to follow accepted scholarly practices in providing citations for source materials relied upon when preparing any section of the proposal. While there is no established page limitation for the references, this section must include bibliographic citations only and must not be used to provide parenthetical information outside of the help and essay on a childhood dream 15-page project description. f. Biographical Sketch(es) (i) Senior Personnel. A biographical sketch (limited to two pages) is required for each individual identified as senior project personnel. (See GPG Exhibit II-7 for the definitions of best essays series Senior Personnel.) The following information must be provided in the order and format specified below. Do not submit personal information such as home address; home telephone, fax, or cell phone numbers; home e-mail address; date of birth; citizenship; drivers’ license numbers; marital status; personal hobbies; and the like. Such personal information is irrelevant to the merits of the proposal.

If such information is included, NSF will make every effort to prevent unauthorized access to such material, but the Foundation is not responsible or in any way liable for the release of me write on a childhood such material. Berlin. (See also GPG Chapter III.G). (a) Professional Preparation. A list of the individual's undergraduate and graduate education and help me write childhood dream postdoctoral training as indicated below: Inclusive Dates (years) A list, in reverse chronological order, of all the duty individual's academic/professional appointments beginning with the current appointment.

A list of: (i) up to 5 publications most closely related to the proposed project; and (ii) up to 5 other significant publications, whether or not related to the proposed project. Each publication identified must include the childhood names of all authors (in the berlin wall same sequence in which they appear in help me write and essay childhood the publication), the article and journal title, book title, volume number, page numbers, and year of publication. If the document is anthropology, available electronically, the website address also should be identified. For unpublished manuscripts, list only those submitted or accepted for publication (along with most likely date of publication). Patents, copyrights and software systems developed may be substituted for publications.

Additional lists of publications, invited lectures, etc., must not be included. Help Me Write Childhood. Only the thoreau's essay on the of civil disobedience list of 10 will be used in the review of the proposal. (d) Synergistic Activities. A list of up to five examples that demonstrate the broader impact of the me write childhood dream individual’s professional and scholarly activities that focuses on the integration and transfer of forensic anthropology essay knowledge as well as its creation. Examples could include, among others: innovations in teaching and training (e.g., development of curricular materials and pedagogical methods); contributions to the science of learning; development and/or refinement of help me write and essay on a dream research tools; computation methodologies, and algorithms for problem-solving; development of databases to support research and education; broadening the participation of groups underrepresented in science, mathematics, engineering and technology; and service to the scientific and engineering community outside of the individual’s immediate organization.

(e) Collaborators Other Affiliations. Collaborators and Co-Editors. A list of all persons in alphabetical order (including their current organizational affiliations) who are currently, or who have been collaborators or co-authors with the individual on my culture essay a project, book, article, report, abstract or paper during the 48 months preceding the me write submission of the proposal. Also include those individuals who are currently or have been co-editors of a journal, compendium, or conference proceedings during the 24 months preceding the submission of the proposal. If there are no collaborators or co-editors to report, this should be so indicated.

Graduate Advisors and Postdoctoral Sponsors. A list of the names of the individual’s own graduate advisor(s) and principal postdoctoral sponsor(s), and their current organizational affiliations. Thesis Advisor and Postgraduate-Scholar Sponsor. A list of all persons (including their organizational affiliations), with whom the individual has had an association as thesis advisor, or with whom the individual has had an my culture essay association within the last five years as a postgraduate-scholar sponsor. The total number of me write and essay on a childhood dream graduate students advised and anthropology postdoctoral scholars sponsored also must be identified. The information in section (e) above of the biographical sketch is used to help identify potential conflicts or bias in the selection of reviewers.

See GPG Exhibit II-2 for additional information on and essay potential reviewer conflicts. (ii) Other Personnel. For the personnel categories listed below, the essay proposal also may include information on exceptional qualifications that merit consideration in the evaluation of the proposal. (a) Postdoctoral associates. (b) Other professionals. (c) Students (research assistants) (iii) Equipment Proposals. For equipment proposals, the following must be provided for each auxiliary user: (a) Short biographical sketch; and. (b) List of up to five publications most closely related to the proposed acquisition. Each proposal must contain a budget for help on a each year of support requested, unless a particular program solicitation stipulates otherwise.

The amounts requested for each budget line item should be documented and justified in my culture essay paper the budget justification as specified below. The budget justification should be no more than three pages. The proposal may request funds under any of the me write and essay on a categories listed so long as the item and amount are considered necessary, reasonable, allocable, and thoreau's on the allowable under the applicable cost principles, NSF policy, and/or the me write childhood program solicitation. Amounts and expenses budgeted also must be consistent with the proposing organization's policies and procedures and cost accounting practices used in forensic essay accumulating and reporting costs. A discussion of the and essay on a budget and the allowability of scholarship selected items of cost is contained in help me write on a both the essay GPG (from a budget preparation perspective) and in the Award Administration Guide (AAG) (from an allowability and administration perspective), as well as NSF program solicitations. In preparation of the budget, however, proposers are encouraged to consult the and essay on a childhood AAG to determine whether a certain category of cost is allowable under an NSF award. Cost principles governing the writing allowability of help on a costs are contained in OMB Circulars A-21 (Colleges Universities), A-87 (State, Local, Indian Tribal Governments), and A-122 (Non-Profit Organizations) and are available at http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars/index.html. Cost Principles applicable to for-profit organizations can be found in the Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR), Part 31. (i) Salaries and Wages (Lines A and B on the Proposal Budget)

As a general policy, NSF recognizes that salaries of writing ielts structure faculty members and other personnel associated directly with the project constitute appropriate direct costs and may be requested in proportion to the effort devoted to the project. Individuals included on budget lines A and B should be employees of the proposing organization. Help And Essay On A Dream. Budget lines A and B should not include compensation related to consultants or subawardees. Salaries and berlin wages for consultants and subawardees should be budgeted on Lines G.3. and G.5 of the proposal budget, respectively. NSF regards research as one of the me write and essay dream normal functions of faculty members at institutions of higher education. Compensation for time normally spent on scholarship essay questions research within the term of appointment is deemed to be included within the faculty member’s regular organizational salary. Grant funds may not be used to augment the total salary or salary rate of faculty members during the period covered by the term of faculty appointment or to reimburse faculty members for consulting or other time in addition to a regular full-time organizational salary covering the same general period of employment. Me Write And Essay On A Childhood Dream. Exceptions may be considered under certain NSF science and engineering education program solicitations for weekend and evening classes, remote locations, or for administrative work done as overload.

If anticipated, any intent to provide salary compensation above the base salary should be disclosed in the grant proposal budget justification and forensic essay must be specifically approved by NSF in help and essay on a childhood dream the award notice. Summer salary for faculty members at colleges and universities on academic-year appointments is limited to no more than two-ninths of best essays series their regular academic-year salary. This limit includes summer salary received from help me write and essay on a dream, all NSF-funded grants. These same general principles apply to other types of non-academic organizations, such as research institutes. Since their employment periods are usually annual, salary must be shown under “calendar months.” An independent institute or laboratory may propose to employ college or university faculty members on a part-time basis.

In such cases, it is the general intent of the above policies to limit an individual’s total compensation to what would be earned under a grant to the home academic institution. In most circumstances, particularly for institutions of higher education, salaries of my culture essay paper administrative or clerical staff are included as part of indirect costs (also known as Facilities and Administrative Costs (FA) for help me write and essay dream Colleges and Universities). Writing. Salaries of help me write and essay on a childhood administrative or clerical staff may be requested as direct costs for a project requiring an extensive amount of writing administrative or clerical support and where these costs can be readily and specifically identified with the project with a high degree of accuracy. Salaries for administrative or clerical staff shall be budgeted as a direct cost only me write and essay on a dream if this type of cost is consistently treated as a direct cost in like circumstances for essay questions all other projects and cost objectives. The circumstances for requiring direct charging of help me write and essay on a these services must be clearly described in the budget justification. Such costs, if not clearly justified, may be deleted by wall NSF. See OMB Memorandum dated July 13, 1994, for examples of where direct charging of administrative salaries may be appropriate. Additional information on the charging of salaries and wages to an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.B.1. The names of the PI(s), faculty, and and essay on a childhood dream other senior personnel and the estimated number of full-time-equivalent academic-year, summer, or calendar-year person-months for which NSF funding is requested and the total amount of salaries requested per year must be listed.

For postdoctoral associates and writing structure other professionals, the total number of help on a dream persons for each position must be listed, with the essay structure number of full-time-equivalent person-months and total amount of salaries requested per year. For graduate and undergraduate students, secretarial, clerical, technical, etc., whose time will be charged directly to the project, only the total number of persons and total amount of salaries requested per year in each category is required. Salaries requested must be consistent with the organization’s regular practices. The budget justification should detail the rates of pay by individual for help me write and essay on a childhood senior personnel, postdoctoral associates, and other professionals. The budget may request funds for support of graduate or undergraduate research assistants to help carry out the proposed research. Compensation classified as salary payments must be requested in the salaries and wages category. (c) Confidential Budgetary Information.

The proposing organization may request that salary data on senior personnel not be released to persons outside the Government during the best essays review process. In such cases, the item for senior personnel salaries in the proposal may appear as a single figure and the person-months represented by that amount omitted. Help Childhood. If this option is exercised, senior personnel salaries and person-months must be itemized in a separate statement, and forwarded to NSF in accordance with the instructions specified in GPG Chapter I.D.3. This statement must include all of the information requested on the proposal budget for each person involved. NSF will not forward the detailed information to reviewers and will hold it privileged to the extent permitted by law. The information on senior personnel salaries will be used as the basis for determining the essay wall salary amounts shown in the grant budget. The box for Proprietary or Privileged Information must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet when the me write childhood dream proposal contains confidential budgetary information. 20. (ii) Fringe Benefits (Line C on the Proposal Budget)

If the proposer's usual accounting practices provide that its contributions to employee benefits (social security, retirement, other payroll-related taxes and time off including vacation, sick, and other leave, etc.) be treated as direct costs, NSF grant funds may be requested to fund fringe benefits as a direct cost. These are typically determined by application of a calculated fringe benefit rate for berlin essay a particular class of help and essay employee (full time or part-time) applied to the salaries and american essays wages requested. Although, they also may be paid based on actual costs for individual employees, if that institutional policy has been approved by and essay on a childhood dream the cognizant federal agency. (iii) Equipment (Line D on the Proposal Budget) Equipment is defined as an forensic anthropology item of property that has an me write childhood dream acquisition cost of $5,000 or more (unless the organization has established lower levels) and an expected service life of my culture paper more than one year.

It is important to note that the acquisition cost of equipment includes modifications, attachments, and accessories necessary to make the me write on a dream property usable for the purpose for which it was purchased. Items of essays needed equipment must be adequately justified, listed individually by description and estimated cost. Allowable items ordinarily will be limited to research equipment and and essay on a apparatus not already available for the conduct of the work. General-purpose equipment, such as a personal computer and writing ielts office furnishings, are not eligible for childhood dream support unless primarily or exclusively used in the actual conduct of scientific research. Additional information on the charging of equipment to an NSF award is best essays series, available in AAG Chapter V.B.2. (iv) Travel (Line E on the Proposal Budget)

Travel and its relation to help and essay on a childhood the proposed activities must be specified and itemized by forensic anthropology destination and cost. Funds may be requested for field work, attendance at meetings and conferences, and other travel associated with the proposed work, including subsistence. In order to qualify for support, however, attendance at meetings or conferences must be necessary to accomplish proposal objectives, or disseminate its results. Allowance for air travel normally will not exceed the help me write and essay childhood dream cost of round-trip, economy airfares. Persons traveling under NSF grants must travel by US-Flag Air carriers, if available.

21. Additional information on the charging of travel costs to an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.B.4. (b) Domestic Travel. For budget preparation purposes, domestic travel includes travel in the US, its possessions, Puerto Rico, and travel to Canada and Mexico. (c) Foreign Travel.

For budget purposes, travel outside the areas specified above is considered foreign. The proposal must include relevant information, including countries to be visited (also enter names of countries on the proposal budget), dates of visit, if known, and justification for any foreign travel planned in connection with the project. Structure. Travel support for dependents of key project personnel may be requested only and essay childhood dream when all of the following conditions apply: (i) the individual is a key person who is essential to the research on a full-time basis; (ii) the forensic individual’s residence away from me write childhood, home and in a foreign country is for essay a continuous period of help me write childhood dream six months or more and is essential to the effective performance of the best series project; and. (iii) the dependent’s travel allowance is consistent with the policies of the help me write and essay childhood organization administering the grant. (v) Participant Support (Line F on the Proposal Budget) This budget category refers to costs of transportation, per diem, stipends and other related costs for participants or trainees (but not employees) in duty of civil connection with NSF-sponsored conferences, meetings, symposia, training activities and workshops. 22 (See GPG Chapter II.D.7) For some educational projects conducted at local school districts, however, the participants being trained are employees. In such cases, the costs must be classified as participant support if payment is me write, made through a stipend or training allowance method. The school district must have an accounting mechanism in place (i.e., sub-account code) to differentiate between regular salary and thoreau's essay on the of civil disobedience stipend payments.

Generally, indirect costs (FA) are not allowed on participant support costs. The number of on a childhood participants to be supported must be entered in the parentheses on the proposal budget. American Essays Series. These costs also must be justified in the budget justification section of the proposal. Some programs, such as Research Experiences for Undergraduates, have special instructions for help me write on a childhood treatment of participant support. Additional information on the charging of my culture paper participant support costs to an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.B.8. (vi) Other Direct Costs (Lines G1 through G6 on help and essay on a childhood the Proposal Budget) Any costs proposed to my culture essay paper an NSF grant must be allowable, reasonable and directly allocable to and essay on a the supported activity.

The budget must identify and itemize other anticipated direct costs not included under the series headings above, including materials and supplies, publication costs, computer services and consultant services. Examples include aircraft rental, space rental at research establishments away from the grantee organization, minor building alterations, payments to human subjects, service charges, and construction of equipment or systems not available off the shelf. Reference books and periodicals may be charged to the grant only me write if they are specifically allocable to the project being supported by NSF. (a) Materials and Supplies (Line G1 on the Proposal Budget) The proposal budget justification should indicate the general types of expendable materials and supplies required. American Essays. Materials and supplies are defined as tangible personal property, other than equipment, costing less than $5,000, or other lower threshold consistent with the policy established by the proposing organization.

Cost estimates must be included for items that represent a substantial amount of the me write and essay childhood dream proposed line item cost. (b) Publication/Documentation/Dissemination (Line G2 on the Proposal Budget) The proposal budget may request funds for the costs of documenting, preparing, publishing or otherwise making available to others the findings and thoreau's on the duty of civil disobedience products of the work conducted under the childhood dream grant. This generally includes the following types of my culture activities: reports, reprints, page charges or other journal costs (except costs for help me write and essay on a prior or early publication); necessary illustrations; cleanup, documentation, storage and indexing of buffett essay data and databases; development, documentation and me write and essay on a childhood debugging of software; and storage, preservation, documentation, indexing, etc., of physical specimens, collections or fabricated items. Additional information on american essays series the charging of publication/documentation/dissemination costs to an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.B.7.

(c) Consultant Services (Line G3 on the Proposal Budget) Anticipated consultant services must be justified and information furnished on each individual’s expertise, primary organizational affiliation, normal daily compensation rate, and number of days of expected service. Consultants’ travel costs, including subsistence, may be included. And Essay. If requested, the proposer must be able to my culture essay justify that the proposed rate of pay is reasonable. 23.

Additional information on the charging of consultant costs to an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.B.6. (d) Computer Services (Line G4 on the Proposal Budget) The cost of computer services, including computer-based retrieval of scientific, technical and educational information, may be requested only where it is and essay childhood dream, institutional policy to buffett scholarship questions charge such costs as direct charges. A justification based on help dream the established computer service rates at the proposing organization must be included. The proposal budget also may request costs for leasing of computer equipment. General purpose (word processing, spreadsheets, communication) computer equipment should not be requested.

Special purpose or scientific use computers or associated hardware and essay duty software, however, may be requested as items of equipment when necessary to accomplish the project objectives and not otherwise reasonably available. Additional information on childhood dream the charging of computer services to an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.B.5. (e) Subawards 24 (Line G5 on the Proposal Budget) Except for the procurement of such items as commercially available supplies, materials, equipment or general support services allowable under the grant, no significant part of the research or substantive effort under an NSF grant may be contracted or otherwise transferred to my culture essay paper another organization without prior NSF authorization. The intent to enter into such arrangements must be disclosed in the proposal, and and essay on a childhood a separate budget should be provided for each subawardee, if already identified, along with a description of the essay paper work to be performed. Otherwise, the disclosure should include a clear description of the work to be performed, and the basis for selection of the subawardee (except for and essay collaborative/joint arrangements).

(f) Other (Line G6 on the Proposal Budget) Any other direct costs not specified in essay Lines G1 through G5 must be identified on Line G6. Such costs must be itemized and detailed in the budget justification. 25. (vii) Total Direct Costs (Line H on the Proposal Budget) The total amount of direct costs requested in the budget, to me write and essay dream include Lines A through G, must be entered on Line H. (viii) Indirect Costs (also known as Facilities and Administrative Costs (FA) for Colleges and Universities) (Line I on the Proposal Budget) The applicable indirect cost rate(s) negotiated by the organization with the cognizant negotiating agency must be used in computing indirect costs (FA) for a proposal. The amount for indirect costs should be calculated by applying the current negotiated indirect cost rate(s) to the approved base(s). Indirect cost recovery for colleges, universities, and my culture essay paper other organizations of higher education are additionally restricted by OMB Circular A-21.

The Circular stipulates in section G.7.a. that Federal agencies are required to use the negotiated FA rates that are in effect at the time of the childhood dream initial award throughout the life of the sponsored agreement. Additional information on the charging of indirect costs to an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.D. For proposing organizations that do not have a current negotiated rate agreement with a cognizant Federal agency, its business officer should prepare an indirect cost proposal based on expenditures for its most recently ended fiscal year. If the writing essay structure proposal is help dream, recommended for forensic essay funding, the proposing organization will be required to provide its indirect cost proposal to support the budgeted indirect rate. The contents and help me write on a dream financial data included in writing structure indirect cost proposals vary according to the make-up of the proposing organization. A sample indirect cost proposal is available at: https://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/caar/indirect.htm. Proposing organizations submitting a proposal to NSF for the first time are encouraged to request guidance from the Cost Analysis Audit Resolution Branch of NSF’s Division of me write and essay childhood dream Institution Award Support at (703) 292-8244. Within Government guidelines, it is scholarship, NSF policy that grantees are entitled to reimbursement from help me write on a childhood dream, grant funds for indirect costs (FA) allocable to the NSF share of allowable direct costs of a project. NSF program staff may not negotiate indirect costs as a discrete item of a proposal budget since only the duly authorized Grants and Agreements Officer has authority to negotiate indirect costs. NSF program staff are not authorized to suggest or request that PI/PDs seek reductions or waivers of indirect costs except as explicitly specified in applicable NSF program solicitations.

Exceptions to berlin Basic Policy. No Indirect or Limited Reimbursement. In some cases, however, NSF program solicitations may indicate no or limited reimbursement for on a childhood indirect costs. In addition, NSF generally provides no amounts for indirect costs for the following: grants solely for the support of travel, equipment, construction of facilities, or doctoral dissertation research; grants in which NSF support is ielts essay structure, exclusively in the form of fellowships, traineeships or other fixed amounts such as cost-of-education allowances; participant support costs. However, an allowance for indirect costs associated with participant support costs may be established or negotiated in help childhood dream advance when circumstances indicate that the grantee could be expected to incur significant expenses in administering participant payments (other than salary or other direct expenses being reimbursed under the on the award). And Essay. or, foreign grantees (unless the foreign grantee has a previously negotiated rate agreement with a US Federal agency that has a practice of negotiating rates with foreign entities). (ix) Total Direct and Indirect Costs (FA) (Line J on the Proposal Budget) The total amount of ielts essay structure direct and indirect costs (FA) (sum of Lines H and I) must be entered on Line J. (x) Amount of This Request (Line L on the Proposal Budget) The total amount of help me write and essay on a funds requested by the proposer should be the same as the amount entered on american essays series Line J. If disapproved, Line L will be equal to Line J minus Line K. (xi) Cost Sharing (Line M on the Proposal Budget)

Since issuance of the NSF Cost Sharing Policy in help and essay childhood dream 1999, the berlin Foundation’s cost sharing policy has continued to help me write and essay on a childhood dream be an issue widely discussed by the community, as well as within NSF and the National Science Board (NSB). Cost sharing was most recently discussed formally at the NSB's 382nd meeting on October 13-14, 2004, when the Board approved a revision to the Foundation's policy on cost sharing to anthropology eliminate NSF program-specific cost sharing requirements. In implementation of the Board's policy, there is no expectation by the Foundation that proposals submitted for funding will include a cost sharing component. When cost sharing is help me write and essay on a childhood, included on essay Line M, it is solely at the discretion of the proposing institution and will not be a factor in the Foundation's decision to make an award. However, once cost sharing is proposed on help childhood dream Line M, and accepted by the Foundation, the commitment of funds becomes legally binding and is subject to audit. 26. Failure to provide the level of cost sharing reflected in the approved grant budget may result in my culture essay termination of the NSF grant, disallowance of grant costs and/or refund of grant funds to NSF by help and essay childhood dream the grantee. (xii) Unallowable Costs. Proposers should be familiar with the complete list of unallowable costs that is contained in the applicable cost principles.

The following categories of unallowable costs are highlighted because of best essays series their sensitivity: Costs of entertainment, amusement, diversion and social activities and any costs directly associated with such activities (such as tickets to help me write on a dream shows or sporting events, meals, lodging, rentals, transportation and gratuities) are unallowable. Travel, meal and hotel expenses of grantee employees who are not on travel status are unallowable. Costs of writing ielts essay employees on travel status are limited to those allowed under the governing cost principles for help and essay on a childhood travel expenses. (b) Meals and Coffee Breaks. No NSF funds may be spent on meals or coffee breaks for intramural meetings of an organization or any of its components, including, but not limited to, laboratories, departments and centers. (c) Alcoholic Beverages. No NSF funds may be spent on essay alcoholic beverages. Additional information on the charging of certain types of costs generally associated with meetings and conferences to help and essay on a dream NSF awards is berlin essay wall, available in AAG Chapter V.C.5. h. Current and Pending Support. This section of the proposal calls for required information on me write on a childhood all current and forensic pending support for ongoing projects and me write on a childhood proposals, including subsequent funding in best american series the case of continuing grants.

All current project support from whatever source (e.g., Federal, State, local or foreign government agencies, public or private foundations, industrial or other commercial organizations) must be listed. The proposed project and all other projects or activities requiring a portion of on a childhood time of the PI and other senior personnel must be included, even if they receive no salary support from the berlin essay wall project(s). The total award amount for the entire award period covered (including indirect costs) must be shown as well as the number of and essay dream person-months per writing essay structure, year to be devoted to the project, regardless of source of support. Similar information must be provided for all proposals already submitted or submitted concurrently to other possible sponsors, including NSF. Concurrent submission of me write and essay on a dream a proposal to my culture paper other organizations will not prejudice its review by NSF.

Note the Biological Sciences Directorate exception to this policy, however, delineated in help and essay on a dream GPG Chapter I.G.2. If the project now being submitted has been funded previously by a source other than NSF, the information requested in essay structure the paragraph above must be furnished for the last period of help me write childhood funding. i. Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources. This section of the proposal is used to assess the adequacy of the organizational resources available to perform the effort proposed. Proposers must describe only those resources that are directly applicable. j. Special Information and Supplementary Documentation. Except as specified below, special information and supplementary documentation must be included as part of the project description (or part of the essay budget justification), if it is relevant to determining the quality of the proposed work. Information submitted in the following areas is not considered part of the 15-page project description limitation. This Special Information and me write and essay Supplementary Documentation section also is not considered an appendix.

Specific guidance on the need for additional documentation may be obtained from the organization’s sponsored projects office or in the references cited below. Rationale for performance of all or part of the project off-campus or away from organizational headquarters. (See AAG Chapter V.D.1) Documentation of on the of civil disobedience collaborative arrangements of significance to help and essay on a the proposal through letters of commitment. (See GPG Chapter II.C.2d(iv)). The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) (42 USC §4332). NEPA requires that Federal agencies consider the environmental impacts of major Federal actions significantly affecting the quality of the human environment. Essay. If a proposed project might have an environmental impact, the proposal should furnish sufficient information to assist Foundation officials in me write and essay assessing the anthropology essay environmental consequences of supporting the on a childhood dream project. NSF will determine: the adequacy of the information submitted; whether or not additional information is needed; and whether or not an environmental assessment or environmental impact statement will be necessary. Work in foreign countries. My Culture. Some governments require nonresidents to obtain official approval to carry out help me write and essay on a dream, investigations within their borders and coastal waters under their jurisdiction. PIs are responsible for obtaining the required authorizations and for advising NSF that they have been obtained or requested. Advance coordination should minimize disruption of the essay of civil research. (See AAG Chapter VI.B.4 and VI.G.3)

Antarctic proposals to help any NSF program require operational worksheets by the first Wednesday of June in the year before any proposed fieldwork. See “proposals with fieldwork” in Chapter V.A of Antarctic Research. Thoreau's Duty Of Civil Disobedience. Special budget considerations also apply. See Chapter V.B of Antarctic Research. Research in a location designated, or eligible to help me write on a childhood be designated, a registered historic place. (See AAG Chapter VI.K). Questions. Where applicable, the box for “Historic Places” must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet. Research involving field experiments with genetically engineered organisms. Help Me Write And Essay Childhood Dream. (See AAG Chapter VI.B.2) Documentation regarding research involving the use of human subjects, hazardous materials, vertebrate animals, or endangered species. (See AAG Chapter VI.B. and GPG Chapter II.D.5 and II.D.6).

Projects that involve technology utilization/transfer activities, that require a management plan, or that involve special reports or final products. Please note that some program solicitations provide specific guidance on preparation and writing ielts structure inclusion of management plans in proposals submitted to NSF. Special components in new proposals or in requests for supplements, such as Facilitation Awards for Scientists and Engineers with Disabilities (FASED), Research Opportunity Awards (ROAs) or Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REUs). (See GPG Chapter II.D.2 for information on FASED, and for the other programs identified, consult the relevant program solicitation.) Research in Undergraduate Institutions . Help And Essay Childhood. (See RUI program solicitation for information.) In addition, the supplementary documentation section should alert NSF officials to unusual circumstances that require special handling, including, for example, proprietary or other privileged information in my culture essay the proposal, matters affecting individual privacy, required intergovernmental review under E.O. 12372 (Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs) for activities that directly affect State or local governments, or possible national security implications. Proposers are reminded that, unless required by a specific program solicitation, letters of support should not be submitted as they are not a standard component of an NSF proposal, and, if included, a reviewer is under no obligation to review these materials. Letters of dream support submitted in response to a program solicitation requirement must be unique to the specific proposal submitted and cannot be altered without the author’s explicit prior approval. NSF may return without review proposals that are not consistent with these instructions.

All information necessary for the review of a proposal must be contained in Sections A through I of the proposal. Appendices may not be included unless a deviation has been authorized . GPG Chapter II.A contains further information. D. Special Guidelines. 1. Essay. Small Grants for Exploratory Research (SGER) Proposals. Proposals for small-scale, exploratory, high-risk research in me write and essay on a the fields of science, engineering and education normally supported by NSF may be submitted to individual programs.

Such research is characterized as: preliminary work on untested and my culture essay paper novel ideas; ventures into emerging and potentially transformative research ideas; application of new expertise or new approaches to “established” research topics; having a severe urgency with regard to availability of, or access to and essay dream data, facilities or specialized equipment, including quick-response research on natural or anthropogenic disasters and similar unanticipated events; or. efforts of on the of civil disobedience similar character likely to catalyze rapid and innovative advances. Investigators are strongly encouraged to contact the help NSF program(s) most germane to the proposal topic before submitting an SGER proposal. This will facilitate determining whether the proposed work meets the guidelines described above and availability and appropriateness for essay wall SGER funding, or whether the work is more appropriate for submission as a fully reviewed proposal. SGER proposals are prepared in accordance with the following guidelines. Note the proposal preparation instructions for these types of proposals deviate from the standard proposal preparation instructions contained in this Guide. The project description must be brief (no more than two to five pages) and include clear statements as to why the proposed research should be considered particularly exploratory and help high risk, the nature and significance of its potential impact on the field, and why an SGER grant would be a suitable means of supporting the work. Brief biographical information is required for the PI and co-PI(s) only, and my culture must list no more than five significant publications or other research products. The box for help “Small Grant for Exploratory Research” must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet.

These proposals will be subject to internal NSF merit review only. Renewed funding of SGER awards may be requested only through submission of a non-SGER proposal that will be subject to full merit review. Best American Essays. The maximum SGER award amount will not exceed $200,000. Although the initial maximum award amount is $200,000, the award amount usually will be substantially less than a given program’s average award amount. The project’s duration will normally be one year, but may be up to two years.

At the discretion of the Program Officer, and with the concurrence of the me write Division Director, a small fraction of especially promising SGER awards may be extended for a maximum of six additional months and/or supplemented with up to an additional $50,000 in funding. The SGER award extensions will be possible for awards of two-year initial duration as well as for those of shorter initial duration. Requests for extensions must be submitted one to two months before the expiration date of the initial award. A project report and outline of proposed research, not to berlin wall exceed five pages, must be included. 2. Facilitation Awards for help childhood dream Scientists and Engineers with Disabilities (FASED) As part of its effort to promote full utilization of highly qualified scientists, mathematicians, and engineers, and to develop scientific and technical talent, the Foundation has the following goals: to reduce or remove barriers to participation in research and buffett questions training by physically disabled individuals by providing special equipment and assistance under awards made by help me write on a childhood NSF; and. to encourage disabled individuals to pursue careers in essay questions science and engineering by stimulating the development and help me write dream demonstration of special equipment that facilitates their work performance. Individuals with disabilities eligible for facilitation awards include principal investigators, other senior project personnel, and graduate and undergraduate students. The cognizant NSF Program Officer will make decisions regarding what constitutes appropriate support on a case-by-case basis.

The specific nature, purpose, and essay need for equipment or assistance should be described in sufficient detail in the proposal to permit evaluation by me write on a childhood knowledgeable reviewers. There is no separate program for funding of special equipment or assistance. Requests are made in conjunction with regular competitive proposals, or as a supplemental funding request to an existing NSF award. Specific instructions for each type of request are provided below. a. Requests as part of a competitive proposal submission.

Funds may be requested to purchase special equipment, modify equipment or provide services required specifically for the work to be undertaken. Thoreau's Of Civil Disobedience. Requests for funds for equipment or assistance that compensate in a general way for the disabling condition are not permitted. For example, funds may be requested to provide: prosthetic devices to manipulate a particular apparatus; equipment to convert sound to visual signals, or vice versa, for a particular experiment; access to help and essay childhood dream a special site or to essay a mode of transportation (except as defined below); a reader or interpreter with special technical competence related to the project; or other special-purpose equipment or assistance needed to conduct a particular project. Items, however, such as standard wheel chairs, prosthetics, hearing aids, TDD/text-phones, or general readers for the blind would not be supported because the need for them is not specific to the proposed project. Similarly, ramps, elevators, or other structural modifications of research facilities are not eligible for help and essay on a direct support under this program. No maximum funding amount has been established for such requests. Writing Structure. It is help childhood dream, expected, however, that the cost (including equipment adaptation and installation) will not be a major component of the total proposed budget for the project. Requests for berlin essay funds for special equipment or assistance to facilitate the help me write dream participation of individuals with disabilities should be included in the proposed budget for thoreau's on the the project and documented in the budget justification. The specific nature, purpose and need for such equipment or assistance should be described in sufficient detail in me write on a dream the Project Description to permit evaluation of the request by knowledgeable reviewers.

b. Supplemental funding requests to existing NSF grants. Supplemental funds for special equipment or assistance to facilitate participation in NSF-supported projects by persons with disabilities may be provided under existing NSF grants. Normally, title is vested in best american the grantee organization for equipment purchased in conjunction with NSF-supported activities. In accordance with the GC-1), 27 the help me write childhood grantee organization guarantees use of the equipment for the specific project during the period of work funded by the Foundation, and assures its use in an appropriate manner after project completion. Wall. In instances involving special equipment for persons with disabilities, the need for such may be unique to the individual.

In such cases, the grantee organization may elect to transfer title to the individual to and essay dream assure appropriate use after project completion. Supplemental requests should be submitted electronically by using the ”Supplemental Funding Request” function in paper FastLane and should include a brief description of the me write and essay on a request, a budget and a budget justification. Requests must be submitted at buffett questions, least two months before funds are needed. Funding decisions will be made on the basis of the justification and availability of program funds with any resultant funding provided through a formal amendment of the existing NSF grant. 3. Collaborative Proposal. A collaborative proposal is one in which investigators from two or more organizations wish to collaborate on a unified research project. Collaborative proposals may be submitted to NSF in one of two methods: as a single proposal, in help me write childhood dream which a single award is being requested (with subawards administered by the lead organization); or by simultaneous submission of proposals from different organizations, with each organization requesting a separate award. In either case, the writing ielts structure lead organization’s proposal must contain all of the and essay on a childhood requisite sections as a single package to be provided to reviewers (that will happen automatically when procedures below are followed). All collaborative proposals must clearly describe the roles to be played by essay wall the other organizations, specify the managerial arrangements, and explain the advantages of the multi-organizational effort within the project description.

PIs are strongly encouraged to help me write childhood contact the cognizant NSF Program Officer prior to submission of a collaborative proposal. a. Submission of a collaborative proposal from one organization. The single proposal method allows investigators from essay, two or more organizations who have developed an integrated research project to submit a single, focused proposal. A single investigator bears primary responsibility for the administration of the grant and discussions with NSF, and, at the discretion of the help me write on a organizations involved, investigators from any of the participating organizations may be designated as co-PIs. Please note, however, that if awarded, a single award would be made to the submitting organization, with any collaborators listed as subawards. By submission of the proposal, the paper organization has determined that the proposed activity is administratively manageable. NSF may request a revised proposal, however, if it considers that the project is so complex that it will be too difficult to review or administer as presented. And Essay On A. (See GPG Chapter II.C.2.g.(vi)(e) for additional instructions on preparation of this type of proposal.) b. Buffett Essay. Submission of help me write dream a collaborative proposal from multiple organizations 28.

In many instances, simultaneous submission of proposals that contain the same project description from each organization might be appropriate. Wall. For these proposals, the project title must begin with the words Collaborative Research:”. The lead organization's submission will include a proposal Cover Sheet, project summary, project description, references cited, biographical sketches, budgets and budget justification, current and pending support, and facilities, equipment and other resources for their organization. Non-lead organization submissions will include all of the above for their organization except the project summary, project description, and references cited which are the same for all collaborating organizations. FastLane will combine the proposal submission for printing or electronic viewing.

To submit the collaborative proposal, the following process must be completed: 29. (i) Each non-lead organization must assign their proposal a proposal PIN. This proposal PIN and the temporary proposal ID generated by FastLane when the non-lead proposal is created must be provided to the lead organization before the lead organization submits its proposal to NSF. (ii) The lead organization must then enter each non-lead organization(s) proposal PIN and temporary proposal ID into me write childhood the FastLane lead proposal by using the Link Collaborative Proposals option found on the FastLane Form Preparation screen. Given that such separately submitted proposals constitute a “single” proposal submission to writing essay structure NSF, it is and essay on a, imperative that the proposals be submitted within a reasonable timeframe to forensic essay one another. Failure to submit all components of the help me write and essay on a collaborative proposal on anthropology essay a timely basis may impact the review of the proposal. 4. Proposals for Equipment.

Proposals for me write dream specialized equipment may be submitted by berlin essay wall an organization for: (1) individual investigators; (2) groups of investigators within the same department; (3) several departments; (4) organization(s) participating in childhood dream a collaborative or joint arrangement; (5) any components of an organization; or (6) a region. One individual must be designated as PI. Essay On The Duty Disobedience. Investigators may be working in closely related areas or their research may be multidisciplinary. Instrumentation and me write childhood dream equipment proposals must follow the standard proposal preparation guidelines contained in this Guide. Each potential major user must describe the project(s) for forensic essay which the equipment will be used. These descriptions must be succinct, not necessarily as detailed as in an individual research proposal, and must emphasize the intrinsic merit of the activity and the importance of the help me write childhood dream equipment to it. A brief summary will suffice for auxiliary users.

Equipment to be purchased, modified or constructed must be described in sufficient detail to buffett scholarship essay allow comparison of its capabilities with the needs of the proposed activities. Equipment proposals also must describe comparable equipment already at the proposing organization(s) and explain why it cannot be used. Help Me Write And Essay Dream. This includes comparable government-owned equipment that is on-site. Equipment proposals must discuss arrangements for acquisition, maintenance and forensic anthropology essay operation, including: biographical sketch of the person(s) who will have overall responsibility for maintenance and help me write and essay on a dream operation and essay paper a brief statement of qualifications, if not obvious; description of the physical facility, including floor plans or other appropriate information, where the equipment will be located; statement of why the equipment is severable or non-severable from the physical facility; annual budget for operation and maintenance of the proposed equipment, indicating source of funds, and help childhood dream particularly related equipment; and. brief description of other support services available and the annual budget for their operation, maintenance and thoreau's on the duty administration. Equipment proposals must include the information described above within the 15-page project description. These proposals normally compete with proposals for research or education projects.

30. 5. Me Write On A Childhood. Proposals Involving Vertebrate Animals. a. Essays Series. Any project proposing use of help me write childhood vertebrate animals for research or education shall comply with the Animal Welfare Act [7 U.S.C. 2131 et seq.] and ielts essay the regulations promulgated thereunder by the Secretary of Agriculture [9 CFR 1.1-4.11] pertaining to the humane care, handling, and treatment of vertebrate animals held or used for research, teaching or other activities supported by Federal awards. In accordance with these requirements, proposed projects involving use of any vertebrate animal for research or education must be approved by the submitting organization's Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) before an award can be made. For this approval to be accepted by me write and essay on a childhood NSF, the organization must have a current Public Health Service (PHS) Approved Assurance. b. Sufficient information must be provided within the 15-page project description to enable reviewers to my culture paper evaluate the choice of help me write dream species, number of animals to buffett questions be used, and any necessary exposure of animals to discomfort, pain, or injury.

c. Help Me Write On A Childhood. Research facilities subject to american series the Animal Welfare Act using or intending to childhood dream use live animals in research and who receive Federal funding are required to register the facility with the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), US Department of Agriculture. A current listing of licensed animal dealers may also be obtained from APHIS. The location of the nearest APHIS Regional Office, as well as information concerning this and other APHIS activities, may be obtained at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/. d. Projects involving the care or use of vertebrate animals at a foreign organization or foreign field site also require approval of research protocols by the US grantee’s IACUC. If the forensic project is to be funded through an award to and essay childhood dream a foreign organization or through an individual fellowship award that will support activities at structure, a foreign organization, NSF will require a statement of compliance that the activities will be conducted in accordance with all applicable laws in help on a the foreign country and that the thoreau's duty of civil disobedience International Guiding Principles for me write and essay on a dream Biomedical Research Involving Animals (see http://www.cioms.ch/) will be followed. e. The following information regarding the organization’s intention to utilize vertebrate animals as part of the project should be provided on the NSF Cover Sheet: (1) The box for Vertebrate Animals must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet if use of vertebrate animals is envisioned. (2) The IACUC approval date (if obtained) must be identified in the space provided.

If IACUC approval has not been obtained prior to submission, the proposer should indicate Pending in the space provided for the approval date. (3) If a date is provided, the PHS Approved Animal Welfare Assurance Number must be entered in best american series the space provided. f. These same requirements apply to awards to individuals (fellowships) for activities that involve use of vertebrate animals. If an IACUC approval date is entered on the Cover Sheet, a copy of the approval letter from the IACUC with Assurance Number and and essay on a childhood organizational signature should be included in the Supplementary Documentation section of the proposal or sent directly to the cognizant program. See also AAG Chapter VI.B.3 for scholarship additional information on the administration of help on a awards that utilize vertebrate animals. 6. Proposals Involving Human Subjects. a. Writing Ielts Structure. Projects involving research with human subjects must ensure that subjects are protected from research risks in conformance with the relevant federal policy known as the me write childhood Common Rule ( Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects , 45 CFR 690). All projects involving human subjects must either (1) have approval from the organization's Institutional Review Board (IRB) before issuance of an essay NSF award or, (2) must affirm that the help me write dream IRB or an appropriate knowledgeable authority previously designated by the organization (not the Principal Investigator) has declared the research exempt from IRB review, in accordance with the best american series applicable subsection, as established in section 101(b) of the Common Rule.

b. The following information regarding the organization’s intention to utilize human subjects as part of the project should be provided on the NSF Cover Sheet: (1) The box for help me write on a Human Subjects must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet if use of human subjects is envisioned. (2) If human subject activities are exempt from IRB review, provide the exemption number(s) corresponding to one or more of the exemption categories. The six categories of research that qualify for exemption from coverage by my culture essay the regulations are defined in the Common Rule for Protection of Human Subjects. (3) If the research is not designated as exempt, the help me write childhood IRB approval date should be identified in the space provided. This date, at minimum, should cover the period at which the project is initiated. If IRB approval has not been obtained prior to submission, the proposer should indicate Pending in essay on the the space provided for the approval date. (4) Enter the Federal Wide Assurance (FWA) Number that the proposer has on file with the Office of Human Research Protections, if available. See also AAG Chapter VI.B.1 for additional information on the administration of awards that utilize human subjects. 7. Proposals for Conferences, Symposia and me write and essay Workshops. NSF supports conferences, symposia and workshops in special areas of my culture science and help me write on a childhood dream engineering that bring experts together to discuss recent research or education findings or to expose other researchers or students to new research and education techniques.

NSF encourages the convening in the US of essay major international conferences, symposia and workshops. Conferences will be supported only if equivalent results cannot be obtained at regular meetings of professional societies. Although requests for support of conferences, symposia and help on a workshops ordinarily originate with educational institutions or scientific and engineering societies, they also may come from berlin wall, other groups. Help Me Write On A. Shared support by several Federal agencies, States or private organizations is berlin essay, encouraged. Because proceedings of such conferences normally should be published in me write on a childhood dream professional journals, requests for buffett scholarship questions support may include publication costs. Proposals for help childhood conferences, symposia and workshops should generally be made at least a year in advance of the scheduled date.

Conferences or meetings, including the facilities in which they are held, funded in whole or in part with NSF funds, must be accessible to participants with disabilities. A conference, symposium or workshop proposal 31 (that complies with the page and font size instructions in GPG Chapter II.B) must contain the elements identified below. Note the proposal preparation instructions for scholarship essay these types of proposals deviate from the standard proposal preparation instructions contained in this Guide. A statement of the objectives of the project (summarized in one page or less); A statement of the need for such a gathering and help and essay on a childhood dream a list of topics; A listing of anthropology recent meetings on help and essay on a the same subject, including dates and locations; The names of the chairperson and members of my culture essay organizing committees and their organizational affiliations; Information on the location and probable date(s) of the meeting and the method of help me write and essay childhood dream announcement or invitation;

A statement of how the meeting will be organized and conducted, how the results of the meeting will be disseminated and how the meeting will contribute to the enhancement and improvement of scientific, engineering and/or educational activities; A plan for recruitment of and support for speakers and other attendees, that includes participation of groups underrepresented in science and engineering (e.g., underrepresented minorities, women, and persons with disabilities); An estimated total budget for the conference, together with an my culture itemized statement of the amount of support requested from NSF (the NSF budget may include participant support for transportation (when appropriate), per diem costs, stipends, publication and other conference-related costs. (Note: participant support costs must be excluded from the indirect cost base.) See GPG Chapter II.C.2g(v); and. The support requested or available from other Federal agencies and other sources. (GPG Chapter II.C.2.h should be consulted to prepare this portion of the proposal.) For additional coverage on allowability of costs associated with meetings and and essay on a childhood dream conferences, proposers should consult AAG Chapter V.C.5.

8. Proposals to Support International Travel. Proposals for essay travel support for US participation in international scientific and engineering meetings held abroad are handled by the NSF organizational unit with program responsibility for help and essay childhood the area of interest. Group travel awards are encouraged as the primary means of essay support for international travel. A university, professional society or other non-profit organization may apply for funds to enable it to coordinate and support US participation in me write and essay childhood one or more international scientific meeting(s) abroad. Proposals submitted for this purpose should address the same items as those indicated for conferences, symposia, and workshops (see Section 7 above), with particular attention to plans for series composition and help on a childhood dream recruitment of the travel group.

Information on planned speakers should be provided where available from the conference organizer. Group travel proposals may request support only for the international travel costs of the proposed activity. Writing Essay. However, in addition, group travel proposals also may include as compensation for the grantee, a flat rate of $50 per me write and essay on a dream, traveler for general administrative costs of forensic anthropology essay preparing announcements, evaluating proposals and handling travel arrangements customarily associated with this type of project. (See AAG Chapter VI.G.5) Group travel grantees are required to retain supporting documentation that funds were spent in accordance with the original intent of the proposal. Such documentation may be required in final reports and is subject to audit. 9. Proposals for Doctoral Dissertation Research. NSF awards grants in help me write dream support of doctoral dissertation research in some disciplines, primarily field research in the environmental, behavioral and social sciences.

Support may be sought through those disciplinary programs and, in cases involving research abroad, through the Office of International Science and Engineering. Forensic Anthropology. The thesis advisor or concerned faculty member submits proposals on behalf of the graduate student. Further information can be obtained from the cognizant program office. Deadlines for and essay these programs vary by essay Directorate. Consult the NSF website for additional information. 10. Support for Development of NSF Centers. NSF provides support for me write on a childhood dream a variety of essay structure individual Centers and Centers programs that contribute to the Foundation's vision as outlined in help me write and essay dream the NSF Strategic Plan. Centers exploit opportunities in science, engineering and technology in which the complexity of the research problem(s) or the resources needed to solve the(se) problem(s) require the advantages of scope, scale, change, duration, equipment, facilities, and students that can only be provided by an academic research center. Thoreau's Essay On The Of Civil. They focus on investigations at the frontiers of knowledge not normally attainable through individual investigations, at the interfaces of disciplines and/or by incorporating fresh approaches to the core of childhood disciplines.

Centers focus on integrative learning and discovery and demonstrate leadership in broadening participation through focused investments in a diverse set of berlin wall partner institutions and individuals. In doing so, they draw upon, and contribute to, the development of the Nation's full intellectual talent. Most Center awards are limited to and essay on a dream a maximum duration of ten years and are often subject to mid-course external merit review. Proposers interested in learning more about current or future NSF Centers are encouraged to contact the berlin appropriate disciplinary Program Officer. 11. Support for Development of Major Facilities and Equipment. As an help and essay on a childhood integral part of its stewardship of the science and engineering infrastructure of the country, NSF provides support for Major Research Equipment and Facilities construction.

NSF depends on the research communities to provide input for the planning, development, and implementation of Large Facility Projects. This normally occurs through National Academy of forensic anthropology essay Science studies, community workshop reports, professional society activities, and many other methods to ensure community input funded by interested NSF programs on the basis of merit-reviewed proposals. These efforts also can include engineering studies, ad hoc workshops, and research projects related to the development of new technologies. Proposers are strongly encouraged to contact the help and essay on a childhood appropriate disciplinary program officer to discuss potential funding and mechanisms in advance of proposal submission. Exhibit II-1: Proposal Preparation Checklist. It is imperative that all proposals conform to ielts the proposal preparation and submission instructions specified in this Guide. Proposals also must comply with NSF font, spacing and margin requirements. The guidelines specified in GPG Chapter II.B establish minimum requirements, however, readability is and essay, of utmost importance and should take precedence in selection of an appropriate font. Conformance with all preparation and submission instructions is required and will be strictly enforced unless a deviation has been approved in advance of essay proposal submission. NSF may return without review proposals that are not consistent with these instructions.

See GPG Chapter IV.B for additional information. Prior to electronic submission, it is strongly recommended that an administrative review be conducted to ensure that proposals comply with the instructions, in help on a childhood the format specified. This checklist is not intended to be an all-inclusive repetition of the thoreau's on the duty of civil disobedience required proposal contents and associated proposal preparation guidelines. It is, however, meant to help me write and essay on a childhood highlight certain critical items so they will not be overlooked when the my culture essay proposal is prepared. [ ] Proposal is responsive to the program announcement/solicitation or to the GPG. [ ] If a proposal has been previously declined and is being resubmitted, proposal has been revised to take into account the major comments from the prior NSF review. [ ] Proposed work is appropriate for funding by NSF, and is not a duplicate of, or substantially similar to, a proposal already under consideration by NSF from the same submitter. [ ] Single Copy Documents: [ ] Information about Principal Investigators/Project Directors (except for the required information regarding current or previous Federal research support and the name(s) of the PI/co-PI, submission of the information is voluntary). [ ] Authorization to Deviate from help and essay on a childhood dream, NSF Proposal Preparation Requirements (if applicable). [ ] List of Suggested Reviewers, or Reviewers Not to Include (optional).

[ ] Proprietary or Privileged Information Statement (if applicable). [ ] Proposal Certifications (submitted by the Authorized Organizational Representative within 5 working days following the electronic submission of the proposal). (See GPG Chapter II.C.1.e for a complete listing of forensic essay proposal certifications.) [ ] SF LLL, Disclosure of Lobbying Activities (if applicable). (One copy only, scanned as a single copy document.) [ ] Program Announcement/Solicitation No./Closing Date (If the proposal is not submitted in help and essay response to a specific program announcement/solicitation, proposers must enter NSF Grant Proposal Guide.) [ ] Specific NSF program(s) identified (if known). [ ] For renewal proposal, previous award number entered. [ ] Related preliminary proposal number entered (if applicable). [ ] Check Appropriate Box(es), and provide requisite information, if the proposal includes any of the items identified. On The Duty Of Civil Disobedience. Note in particular, proposals that include use of human subjects or vertebrate animals require additional information to be submitted with these types of proposals. Note limitation of one page, and the requirement that both merit review criteria be separately addressed within the body of the Summary. [ ] Note limitation of 15 pages.

[ ] Merit Review Criteria: Ensure both merit review criteria are described as an integral part of the on a narrative 32. [ ] Inclusion of Universal Resource Locators (URLs): PIs are advised that the Project Description must be self-contained and are cautioned that URLs (Internet addresses) that provide information necessary to the review of the proposal should not be used because reviewers are not obligated to view such sites. [ ] Results from Prior NSF Support: Required only for PIs and co-PIs who have received NSF support within the last 5 years. [ ] Human-resource information: Required for renewal proposals from academic institutions only. [ ] No page limitation, however, this section must include bibliographic citations only and must not be used to writing ielts structure provide parenthetical information outside of the 15-page Project Description. Each reference must be in the specified format. [ ] Note limitation of 2 pages per individual; required for help dream all senior project personnel.

The required information must be provided in the order and format specified. [ ] Proposal Budget: (cumulative and annual) [ ] Budget Justification (Note limitation of essay questions 3 pages per childhood, proposal.) [ ] Current and Pending Support: Required for questions all senior project personnel. [ ] Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources. [ ] Special Information and Supplementary Documentation: [ ] See GPG Chapter II.C.2.j for the types of information appropriate for submission in this section, as required. [ ] Any additional items specified in help me write and essay on a childhood a relevant program solicitation. [ ] Note that GPG Chapter II.D contains special proposal preparation instructions for my culture essay certain types of proposals. Exhibit II-2: Potentially Disqualifying Conflicts of Interest. Unless a waiver has been granted by NSF, a reviewer cannot review a proposal if: the reviewer, the reviewer’s spouse, minor child, or business partner; the organization where the reviewer is employed, has an arrangement for future employment or is negotiating for employment; or. the organization where the reviewer is an officer, director, trustee, or partner, has a financial interest in the outcome of the and essay on a childhood dream proposal. Unless a waiver has been granted by NSF, a potential reviewer also may be barred from essays series, reviewing a proposal, if it involves individuals with whom he/she has a personal relationship, such as a close relative, current or former collaborator, or former thesis student/advisor. Unless a waiver has been granted by NSF, a disqualifying conflict may exist, if a proposal involves an institution or other entity with which the potential reviewer has a connection.

Such potentially disqualifying connections include: a reviewer’s recent former employer; an organization in on a childhood dream which the reviewer is an active participant; an institution at which the berlin essay wall reviewer is currently enrolled as a student, or at which he/she serves as a visiting committee member; or. an entity with which the reviewer has or seeks some other business or financial relationship (including receipt of an honorarium.) Exhibit II-3: Drug-Free Workplace Certification. Instructions for Certification. By electronically signing the NSF proposal Cover Sheet and submitting this proposal, the and essay childhood grantee is providing the certifications set out below. The certification set out below is a material representation of fact upon which reliance was placed when the agency determined to ielts essay structure award the grant. If it is later determined that the grantee knowingly rendered a false certification, or otherwise violates the requirements of the Drug-Free Workplace Act, the agency, in help on a dream addition to any other remedies available to the Federal Government, may take action authorized under the Drug-Free Workplace Act.

For grantees other than individuals, Alternate I applies. For grantees who are individuals, Alternate II applies. Certification Regarding Drug-Free Workplace Requirements. Alternate I (Grantees Other Than Individuals) The grantee certifies that it will or will continue to provide a drug-free workplace by: (a) Publishing a statement notifying employees that the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensing, possession or use of a controlled substance is prohibited in the grantee’s workplace and specifying the actions that will be taken against writing essay, employees for violation of such prohibition; (b) Establishing an ongoing drug-free awareness program to inform employees about -- (1) The dangers of and essay dream drug abuse in the workplace; (2) The grantee’s policy of scholarship questions maintaining a drug-free workplace; (3) Any available drug counseling, rehabilitation and employee assistance programs; and.

(4) The penalties that may be imposed upon help me write and essay on a, employees for wall drug abuse violations occurring in the workplace; (c) Making it a requirement that each employee to be engaged in the performance of the help dream grant be given a copy of the statement required by paragraph (a); (d) Notifying the best employee in the statement required by paragraph (a) that, as a condition of employment under the grant, the employee will -- (1) Abide by the terms of the statement; and. (2) Notify the employer in help and essay writing of anthropology his or her conviction for a violation of help me write and essay dream a criminal drug statute occurring in the workplace, no later than five calendar days after such conviction; (e) Notifying the agency in writing, within 10 calendar days after receiving notice under subparagraph (d)(2) from an employee or otherwise receiving actual notice of such conviction. Employers of convicted employees must provide notice, including position title, to every grant officer or other designee on whose grant activity the writing ielts essay convicted employee was working, unless the Federal agency has designated a central point for the receipt of such notices. Notice shall include the identification number(s) of help me write each affected grant; (f) Taking one of the buffett following actions, within 30 calendar days of receiving notice under subparagraph (d)(2), with respect to any employee who is so convicted-- (1) Taking appropriate personnel action against me write childhood, such an american essays series employee, up to and including termination, consistent with the requirements of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended; or. (2) Requiring such employee to participate satisfactorily in a drug abuse assistance or rehabilitation program approved for such purposes by a Federal, State, or local health, law enforcement, or other appropriate agency; (g) Making a good faith effort to continue to maintain a drug-free workplace through implementation of help me write on a childhood paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d), (e) and (f). Alternate II (Grantees Who Are Individuals) (a) The grantee certifies that, as a condition of the grant, he or she will not engage in the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensing, possession or use of a controlled substance in conducting any activity with the grant. (b) If convicted of a criminal drug offense resulting from a violation occurring during the best american essays series conduct of any grant activity, he or she will report the conviction, in writing, within 10 calendar days of the conviction, to every grant officer or other designee, unless the Federal agency designates a central point for the receipt of such notices. When notice is and essay on a, made to such a central point, it shall include the identification number(s) of each affected grant. For NSF, grantee notification should be made to the Cost Analysis Audit Resolution Branch, Division of Institution Award Support, NSF, Arlington, VA 22230. Exhibit II-4: Debarment and Suspension Certification.

Instruction on Certification Regarding Debarment and Suspension. By electronically signing and submitting this proposal, the prospective primary participant is providing the american certification set out below. The inability of a person to me write and essay on a provide the certification required below will not necessarily result in my culture denial of participation in this covered transaction. Me Write And Essay On A Childhood. The prospective participant shall submit an explanation of why it cannot provide the certification set out below. The certification or explanation will be considered in connection with the department or agency's determination whether to enter into this transaction. However, failure of the prospective primary participant to furnish a certification or an explanation shall disqualify such person from ielts essay, participation in this transaction. The certification in this clause is help on a, any material representation of fact upon which reliance was placed when the department or agency determined to enter into this transaction.

If it is later determined that the prospective primary participant knowingly rendered an erroneous certification, in addition to other remedies available to the Federal Government, the essay wall department or agency may terminate this transaction for cause or default. The prospective primary participant shall provide immediate written notice to me write and essay on a the department or agency to whom this proposal is submitted if at any time the prospective primary participant learns that its certification was erroneous when submitted or has become erroneous by buffett questions reason of help me write and essay dream changed circumstances. The terms covered transaction, debarred, suspended, ineligible, lower tier covered transaction, participant, person, primary covered transaction, principal, proposal, and scholarship voluntarily excluded, as used in this clause, have the meanings set out in the Definitions and Coverage sections of the rules implementing Executive Order 12549. You may contact the department or agency to which this proposal is being submitted for assistance in obtaining a copy of those regulations. The prospective primary participant agrees by submitting this proposal that, should the proposed covered transaction be entered into, it shall not knowingly enter into any lower tier covered transaction with a person who is debarred, suspended, declared ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from participation in this covered transaction, unless authorized by the department or agency entering into this transaction.

The prospective primary participant further agrees by submitting this proposal that it will include the clause titled Certification Regarding Debarment, Suspension, Ineligibility and Voluntary Exclusion - Lower Tier Covered Transaction, provided by the department or agency entering into this covered transaction, without modification, in all lower tier covered transactions. A participant in a covered transaction may rely upon a certification of a prospective participant in me write on a a lower tier covered transaction that it is not debarred, suspended, ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from the covered transaction, unless it knows that the certification is erroneous. A participant may decide the method and frequency by thoreau's disobedience which it determines the eligibility of help on a childhood dream its principals. Each participant may, but is not required to, check the Nonprocurement List. Nothing contained in the foregoing shall be construed to require establishment of a system of of civil disobedience records in order to render in good faith the certification required by this clause. The knowledge and on a childhood dream information of a participant is not required to exceed that which is normally possessed by a prudent person in the ordinary course of business dealings. Except for transactions authorized under paragraph 6 of these instructions, if a participant in a covered transaction knowingly enters into a lower tier covered transaction with a person who is suspended, debarred, ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from participation in this transaction, in addition to other remedies available to the Federal Government, the department or agency may terminate this transaction for cause or default. (1) The prospective primary participant certifies to the best of its knowledge and belief, that it and thoreau's on the of civil disobedience its principals: (a) Are not presently debarred, suspended, proposed for help and essay on a dream debarment, declared ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from a covered transaction by any Federal department or agency; (b) Have not within a three-year period preceding this proposal been convicted of or had a civil judgment rendered against them for commission of fraud or a criminal offense in connection with obtaining, attempting to obtain, or performing a public (Federal, State or local) transaction or contract under a public transaction; violation of Federal or State antitrust statutes or commission of embezzlement, theft, forgery, bribery, falsification or destruction of records, making false statements, or receiving stolen property; (c) Are not presently indicted for or otherwise criminally or civilly charged by a governmental entity (Federal, State or local) with commission of thoreau's on the disobedience any of the offenses enumerated in paragraph (1)(b) of this certification; and (d) Have not within a three-year period preceding this application/proposal had one or more public transactions (Federal, State or local) terminated for cause or default. (2) Where the prospective primary participant is unable to certify to any of the statements in this certification, such prospective participant shall include an me write childhood dream explanation with this proposal. Exhibit II-5: Lobbying Certification. Instructions on thoreau's Certification Regarding Lobbying.

This certification is required for an award of a Federal contract, grant or cooperative agreement exceeding $100,000 and for an award of help me write and essay dream a Federal loan or a commitment providing for forensic essay the United States to insure or guarantee a loan exceeding $150,000. Help On A. The Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans and Cooperative Agreements also is included in full text on the FastLane submission screen. Certification for essay Contracts, Grants, Loans and Cooperative Agreements. The undersigned certifies, to the best of his or her knowledge and help me write belief, that: (1) No Federal appropriated funds have been paid or will be paid, by or on essay questions behalf of the undersigned, to any person for influencing or attempting to influence an officer or employee of any agency, a Member of Congress, an officer or employee of Congress, or an employee of help me write a Member of Congress in connection with the awarding of essay any federal contract, the help me write on a childhood dream making of any Federal grant, the making of essays any Federal loan, the entering into of any cooperative agreement, and the extension, continuation, renewal, amendment, or modification of me write childhood any Federal contract, grant, loan, or cooperative agreement. (2) If any funds other than Federal appropriated funds have been paid or will be paid to any person for influencing or attempting to influence an officer or employee of any agency, a Member of Congress, an officer or employee of Congress, or an employee of a Member of Congress in connection with this Federal contract, grant, loan, or cooperative agreement, the undersigned shall complete and submit Standard Form LLL, “Disclosure of Lobbying Activities,” in forensic accordance with its instructions.

(3) The undersigned shall require that the language of this certification be included in the award documents for all subawards at all tiers including subcontracts, subgrants, and contracts under grants, loans, and cooperative agreements and that all subrecipients shall certify and disclose accordingly. This certification is a material representation of fact upon which reliance was placed when this transaction was made or entered into. Submission of this certification is a prerequisite for making or entering into childhood this transaction imposed by questions Section 1352, Title 31, U.S. Code. Any person who fails to file the required certification shall be subject to a civil penalty of help me write and essay on a childhood not less than $10,000 and essay questions not more than $100,000 for each such failure. Exhibit II-6: Nondiscrimination Certification.

Instructions for Nondiscrimination Certification. In accordance with NSF policy, a proposal for NSF funding must by accompanied by the nondiscrimination certification set out below. By electronically signing and submitting this proposal, the me write and essay on a childhood proposer is providing the requisite certification. The proposer shall provide immediate notice to the Foundation if at any time the proposer learns that its certification was erroneous when submitted, or has become erroneous by reason of changed circumstances. Certification of essay on the disobedience Compliance with National Science Foundation Nondiscrimination Regulations and Policies. By electronically signing the proposal, the childhood dream Authorized Organizational Representative hereby certifies that the organization will comply with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 USC § 2000d), Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 USC §§ 1681 et seq.), the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 USC § 794), the Age Discrimination Act of 1975 (42 USC §§ 6101 et seq.) and all regulations and policies issued by NSF pursuant to these statutes. To that end, in accordance with the above-referenced nondiscrimination statutes, and NSF’s implementing regulations and policies, no person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, national origin, sex, disability, or age, be excluded from forensic, participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be otherwise subjected to discrimination under any program or activity for help and essay childhood dream which the Proposer receives Federal financial assistance from the Foundation; and structure HEREBY CERTIFIES THAT it will immediately take any measures necessary to effectuate this agreement. If any real property or structure thereon is provided or improved with the aid of Federal financial assistance extended to me write and essay dream the Proposer by the Foundation, this Certification shall obligate the Proposer, or in the case of any transfer of such property, the transferee, for the period during which the real property or structure is forensic anthropology essay, used for a purpose for which the and essay dream Federal financial assistance is extended or for another purpose involving the provision of similar services or benefits.

If any personal property is so provided, this Certification shall obligate the Proposer for the period during which it retains ownership or possession of the property. In all other cases, this Certification shall obligate the essay Proposer for the period during which the Federal financial assistance is extended to it by the Foundation. THIS CERTIFICATION is given in consideration of and for the purpose of obtaining any and all Federal grants, cooperative agreements, loans, contracts, property, discounts or other Federal financial assistance extended after the date hereof to the Proposer by the Foundation, including installment payments after such date on account of applications for Federal financial assistance which were approved before such date. On A Childhood. The Proposer recognizes and series agrees that such Federal financial assistance will be extended in reliance on help me write and essay the representations and essay agreements made in this Certification, and help me write and essay on a childhood dream that the United States shall have the right to seek judicial enforcement of this Certification. This Certification is binding on the Proposer, its successors, transferees, and assignees. Exhibit II-7: Definitions of Categories of Personnel. The personnel categories listed on parts A and forensic anthropology B of the Proposal Budget are defined as follows: A. Senior Personnel. 1. Me Write And Essay Childhood. (co) Principal Investigator(s) -- the individual(s) designated by the grantee and approved by NSF who will be responsible for the scientific or technical direction of the project.

If more than one, the first one listed will have primary responsibility for the project and the submission of reports. 2. Faculty Associate (faculty member) -- an individual other than the Principal Investigator(s) considered by the performing institution to be a member of its faculty or who holds an appointment as a faculty member at ielts essay structure, another institution, and who will participate in the project being supported. B. Other Personnel. 1. Postdoctoral Scholar -- An individual who has received a doctoral degree (or equivalent) and is engaged in a temporary and defined period of mentored advanced training to enhance the professional skills and dream research independence needed to pursue his or her chosen career path. Postdoctoral scholars not identified under Senior Personnel above should be listed as Other Personnel. 2. Other Professional -- a person who may or may not hold a doctoral degree or its equivalent, who is considered a professional and is not reported as a Principal Investigator, faculty associate, postdoctoral scholar or student. Examples of wall persons included in this category are doctoral associates not reported under B1, professional technicians, physicians, veterinarians, system experts, computer programmers and design engineers. 3. Graduate Student (research assistant) -- a part-time or full-time student working on the project in me write and essay childhood dream a research capacity who holds at least a bachelor’s degree and paper is enrolled in a degree program leading to help on a an advanced degree. 4. Undergraduate Student -- a student who is enrolled in a degree program (part-time or full-time) leading to a bachelor’s or associate’s degree. 5. 6. These categories include persons working on the project in a non-research capacity, such as secretaries, clerk-typists, draftsmen, animal caretakers, electricians and custodial personnel regardless of american essays whether they hold a degree or are involved in degree work.

Any personnel category for help me write which NSF funds are requested must indicate, in the parentheses provided on the Proposal Budget, the number of persons expected to receive some support from american essays series, those funds and, where called for in the budget format, person-months to the nearest tenth. 9 Requests for approval of a deviation from NSF’s electronic submission requirement (including both FastLane and Grants.gov) must be forwarded to the cognizant NSF program for review and help me write and essay dream approval prior to submission of the paper proposal. Back to Text. 10 In addition to the typefaces identified above, Macintosh users also may use Helvetica and Palatino typefaces.Back to Text. 11 Further instructions for this process are available electronically on the FastLane website. Back to Text. 12 Detailed instructions for completion of this process are available electronically on my culture essay the FastLane website. Back to help and essay on a Text.

13 For consistency with the best essays Department of Health and Human Services conflict of interest policy, in lieu of organization, NSF is using the term institution which includes all categories of proposers. Back to help dream Text. 14 Detailed instructions submission of the american essays series SF LLL are available on and essay on a dream the FastLane website. Back to Text. 16 Requests for approval of a deviation from NSF’s electronic submission requirement must be forwarded to the cognizant NSF program for review and approval prior to submission of the paper proposal. Back to Text. 17 If the my culture essay proposal includes use of Vertebrate Animals, supplemental information is required. Help Me Write And Essay Dream. See GPG Chapter II.D.5 for additional information.Back to Text.

18 If the proposal includes use of Human Subjects, supplemental information is essays series, required. See GPG Chapter II.D.6 for additional information. Back to Text. 19 If the proposer has a website address readily available, that information should be included in the citation, as stated above. It is not NSF's intent, however, to place an undue burden on proposers to me write and essay childhood search for the URL of every referenced publication. Therefore, inclusion of a website address is optional. A proposal that includes reference citation(s) that do not specify a URL address is not considered to be in essay wall violation of NSF proposal preparation guidelines and on a childhood dream the proposal will still be reviewed.Back to Text. 20 Detailed instructions for essay submission of confidential budgetary information are available on the FastLane website.

Back to Text. 21 See also the NSF Grant General Conditions (GC-1) for additional information on use of US-Flag Air Carriers at https://www.nsf.gov/pubs/gc1/gc1_31506.pdf. Back to Text. 22 Proposers are advised that the and essay on a childhood GC-1 requires the grantee to obtain written authorization from the cognizant NSF program officer prior to the reallocation of funds budgeted for forensic essay participant support.Back to Text. 23 For all funds awarded prior to March 15, 2006, payment for me write childhood dream a consultant’s services may not exceed the daily equivalent of the then current maximum rate paid to an Executive Schedule Level IV Federal employee (exclusive of indirect cost, travel, per diem, clerical services, fringe benefits and supplies).Back to Text. 24 The term subaward also includes contracts, subcontracts and other arrangements. Forensic Anthropology. Back to Text. 25 See AAG Chapter V.C.4 for specific instructions and me write dream requirements regarding the allowability of relocation costs under NSF awards. Back to Text.

26 If proposed, the estimated value of any in-kind contributions should be included on Line M. Ielts Essay. An explanation of the source, nature, amount and availability of any proposed cost sharing also must be provided in me write on a childhood the budget justification. Writing Ielts. Section .23 of OMB Circular A-110 describes criteria and procedures for the allowability of cash and in-kind contributions in satisfying cost sharing and help me write and essay on a dream matching requirements.Back to Text. 28 Separately submitted collaborative proposals must be submitted via FastLane as Grants.gov does not currently support this type of functionality.Back to Text. 29 Detailed instructions for best american the electronic preparation and submission of collaborative proposals are available on the FastLane website at https://www.fastlane.nsf.gov/NSFHelp/flashhelp/fastlane/FastLane_. 30 See AAG Chapter IV.D for help me write and essay on a dream additional information on the administration of equipment awards.

Back to Text. 31 Costs associated with conferences, symposia, workshops or other meetings supported by an NSF grant must be specifically and clearly identified in the proposed scope of work and essay wall budget, and help me write and essay childhood approved by NSF. Additional information on the charging of essay paper conference, symposia and workshops is me write and essay, contained in AAG Chapter V.C.5. Back to Text. 32 Examples illustrating activities likely to demonstrate broader impacts are available electronically on berlin wall the NSF website at https://www.nsf.gov/pubs/gpg/broaderimpacts.pdf. Back to Text.

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Define And Discuss Process Motivation Essays and help and essay on a childhood dream, Research Papers. ? Define personality and how it affects sports performance P1 (Must include definition, description of writing personality types A/B, personality . theories and effects on performance) Describe motivation and how it affects sports performance P2 (Describe the factors that affect the motivation of athletes, must include: definition, views/theories of motivation such as trait view, motivation types intrinsic/extrinsic and effects on performance. Personality - the combination of characteristics or qualities that. Aggression , Extraversion and introversion , Locus of control 990 Words | 3 Pages. Meaning and Definition of Motivation. Motivation known as internal condition which derives from help and essay childhood dream, desire and needs. Berlin Essay Wall? About the motivation Stephen P Robbins says, “The . And Essay On A? willingness to exert high levels of effort towards organizational goals, conditional by the effort ability to satisfy some individual needs.” Another theory about motivation Fred Luthans said in 1986, “a process that starts with a physiological or psychological deficiency or need that activates behaviour or a drive that is aimed at a goal or incentive.” Objective of. Abraham Maslow , Fundamental human needs , Maslow's hierarchy of needs 903 Words | 7 Pages. Define and Discuss ‘Retail Experience’. Define and discuss ‘retail experience’.

Use a case study example to my culture paper, demonstrate its application. How does the retailer create and . enhance value? enhance value? David Olu RETAIL MANAGEMENT Define and discuss ‘retail experience’. Use a case study example to demonstrate. Apple Inc. , Apple Store , Customer 2088 Words | 6 Pages. Critically Discuss the Evolution of Motivation Theory Motivation can be defined as the processes that account . for an individual’s intensity, direction, and help me write and essay dream, persistence of effort towards attaining a goal.

Intensity is concerned with how hard an individual tries though it should be channelled in the right direction to writing essay, achieve a certain goal, while persistence is the measurement of how long the individual can maintain their efforts. Prior to the formulation of motivation theories in the 1950’s. Expectancy theory , Human behavior , Maslow's hierarchy of needs 1367 Words | 4 Pages. Motivation theories can be classified broadly into two different perspectives: Content and Process theories. Content Theories . deal with “what” motivates people and it is concerned with individual needs and goals. Maslow, Alderfer, Herzberg and McCelland studied motivation from me write on a dream, a “content” perspective. Process Theories deal with the anthropology “ process ” of on a dream motivation and is concerned with “how” motivation occurs. Vroom, Porter amp; Lawler, Adams and Locke studied motivation from a “ process ” perspective.

Process. Behavior , Cognition , Educational psychology 1090 Words | 4 Pages. Explain the process of motivation? which to motivate a employee in the work place. Essay? Motivation means getting the employee to focus and put his/her efforts all into the work they . do.

It sets the employee in the same direction as management and gets everyone working for the business goals. Our motivation is what derives us to achieve success in all aspects of me write and essay dream our lives. Motivation is an internal state that arouses directs and buffett scholarship essay, maintains behaviour. In today's large corporation world motivation plays an important role in boasting a persons. Attribution theory , Educational psychology , Expectancy theory 1225 Words | 5 Pages. Motivation Introduction This essay is about defining Motivation and and essay childhood dream, how it affects employees.

Also an explanation of the berlin . Help? main the types are to be given. A research on popular Theorist was done to series, support the definition and types. The researcher recognized what impact motivation has on the workplace and seek to discuss the importance. Theory Motivation is a psychological feature that arouses an individual to act towards a desired goal and elicits controls and sustains certain goal directed. Abraham Maslow , Human behavior , Maslow's hierarchy of dream needs 1276 Words | 4 Pages. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Motivation theories are primarily divided into two major types which are the berlin essay wall content theories and the . And Essay On A? process theories. This report aims to best american series, critically evaluate two process theories of motivation which is the Expectancy Theory by Victor Vroom and the Equity Theory by John Stacy Adams. The methodologies used in this report include a study and help and essay dream, analysis of textbooks, writings and journals from the internet. As a conclusion, the on the duty of civil question is not whether each of these approaches. Abraham Maslow , Behavior , Expectancy theory 1533 Words | 5 Pages.

? Motivation Christine Walters PSY/355 Jeremy Christensen Motivation Motivation is the . process in which behavior is initiated, guided, and maintains goal-oriented behaviors. “We may define motive (or motivation ) as a need, want, interest, or desire that propels someone (or an help and essay, organism) in a certain direction” (Psychology, 2014). Motivation cannot be directly observed but through behaviors we see it manifested. Series? It is help me write and essay on a, thought of as the driving force that compels a person to do something. Behavior , Cognition , Human behavior 810 Words | 4 Pages. Describe, Compare and series, Contrast One Process and One Content Theory of Motivation. and contrast one process and one content theory of motivation . Evaluate how appropriate they are for organisations today. . This essay’s aim is to analyse and establish an understanding of various motivation theories and their possible application within organisations. Along with implementing, the information related to motivation , this essay would demonstrate the importance of motivation and it is necessary for help me write, organisations to motivate their employees effectively Motivation derives from the. Abraham Maslow , Expectancy theory , Human behavior 1903 Words | 6 Pages. Motivation Motivation is the writing essay driving force that is applied in an organisation to assist in the achievement of the laid goals . Help Me Write And Essay Dream? (accel-team: 2010). Motivation in the workplace aims at triggering human behavior and their need to work. Relatively, it is a process by which people seek to satisfy their basic drives and it is thoreau's on the duty of civil, what drives production in help and essay on a dream the work place.

Basic model of motivation In his book ‘management theory and practice’, Cole has outlined the basic model of motivation (Cole. Employment , Goal , Human behavior 1235 Words | 7 Pages. Literature Review Topic. Anthropology? Motivation Title. Motivation in help me write and essay on a dream the workplace Introduction Motivation is a . key important influence element in an organization growth and development, it is important that manager and leader in organization understand and recognise the important and effect motivation can impact on their organization. ‘’ Motivation is the driving force within individuals that compels them physiologically and psychologically to pursue one or more goals to forensic anthropology, fulfil their needs or expectations. Abraham Maslow , Fundamental human needs , Maslow's hierarchy of needs 1938 Words | 6 Pages. how Buchanan defines motivation . ‘ Motivation is a decision-making process , through which the . individual chooses the desired outcomes and sets in motion the behaviour appropriate to them’ Buchanan, D. Huczynski, A. (2004) Organizational Behaviour An Introductory Text, 5th Ed Motivation is a desire to achieve a goal, combined with the energy to work towards that goal.

Employees who are motivated have a desire to complete the requirements of the task at hand. Me Write And Essay On A Dream? Motivation is a key element. Behavior , Employment , Human behavior 1527 Words | 4 Pages. CONTENT Motivation can be define as the process that account for an individual intensity, direction and . persistence of best essays effort toward attaining a goal. Motivation can help the employee be more comfortable to help on a dream, do their work at workplace. Beside through the essay motivation it will influence to the employees performance toward s their job. There have many differences of meaning for motivation based on our researcher. According to Robbins and Judge (2007), they defined motivation as a process that describes. David McClelland , Employment , Maslow's hierarchy of needs 2052 Words | 8 Pages.

Motivation and Behavior Robert White University of me write Phoenix PSY/355 Instructor: Dr. Kimberly Armstead 03 December 2012 . Motivation and Behavior Motivation refers to the process that drives an organism to behave the way it does. Simply put motivation causes an organism to eat, sleep, and drink and individuals to essay, participate in the activities they find satisfying. Motivation can separate people into two categories optimist and pessimist. Optimists are those looking for help me write and essay on a childhood, the good in situations. Behavior , Human behavior , Instinct 977 Words | 3 Pages.

Sources of Motivation Kenneth F. Green PSY/355 May 9, 2012 Barbara Ann Fuselier Sources of Motivation Meeting up with a . lifelong friend after years apart the conversation explores the happenings in each other’s lives. The lifelong friend reveals he has just received his Master’s degree. He indicates several reasons for pursuing his college education and suggested it is worth it. As a million reasons flood the brain about why it is not worth it, the decision to have an open mind prevails. Academic degree , Associate's degree , Bachelor's degree 828 Words | 3 Pages. This essay will discuss learner motivation in relation to buffett questions, planning for teaching. A brief definition will be outlined along with . the importance of motivation in help me write on a childhood dream relation to planning, teaching and berlin wall, learning.

In order to better understand they why’s and the how’s of learner motivation and its importance, discussion will be given to intrinsic and extrinsic motivation , it will then move on to examine why each of these are important for teachers to understand. Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences theory. Education , Educational psychology , Intelligence 1798 Words | 6 Pages. Motivation Every Individual has specific goal to achieve. These goals are only achievable if the individual is enthusiastic about the goal. . One of the most key factors that lead one to their goals is the drive. This drive is also known as Motivation , a process that starts with a physiological or psychological need to do an aimed task or it can be said as the on a childhood dream reason for doing something. Though motivation is essential in our life it cannot be purchased like we purchase other necessities. But luckily. Abraham Maslow , Expectancy theory , Human behavior 1561 Words | 5 Pages. ? Assignment 6 Motivation is essay on the of civil disobedience, known as the powerful force that causes the change from desire to willpower in help on a childhood dream life.

Hunger is one example . of motivation which creates the best essays desire to eat. And Essay Dream? Motivation can also be defined as the procedure that starts guides and continues goal oriented actions. Motivation is generally used to berlin essay, explain the reason for a person’s actions. Another example of motivation is when a student is really motivated to get into medical school, so he/she studies every night for it. Abraham Maslow , Colombo , Construction 1311 Words | 7 Pages. the concepts of Motivation . Motivation is a psychological feature that arouses an organism to act towards a desired goal and . elicits, controls, and sustains certain goal directed behaviors. It can be considered a driving force; a psychological drive that compels or reinforces an me write on a childhood dream, action toward a desired goal. For example, hunger is a motivation that elicits a desire to eat. Motivation has been shown to have roots in physiological, behavioral, cognitive, and social areas. Motivation may be rooted in.

Abraham Maslow , Behavior , Fundamental human needs 1381 Words | 5 Pages. Introduction What is writing ielts, motivation ? Motivation is difficult to me write dream, explain and even harder to turn on ielts structure in people. Webster . defines motivation as an childhood, act or process of motivating; the condition of being motivated; a force, stimulus, or influence: incentive or drive ( Motivation ). Best American Essays? It is most often the job of the manager to use motivation to drive its employees to accomplish acts which they normally would not have done. The study of motivation helps managers understand what prompts people to initiate. Abraham Maslow , Behavior , Douglas McGregor 1704 Words | 6 Pages. “the Effects of Motivation on Work” “The effects of motivation on on a dream work” Brandon R. Johnson November 22, 2010 Linda Shultz Psychology 101 In a world of abundance filled . Paper? with unmatched economic lows, there has never been a greater calling for the understanding of the effects of motivation in the workplace. We will look at motivation as the light needed to see positive change in our work life, the change necessary to improve the and essay on a dream economic stature of our family and peers. Though motivation cannot be taught, it can be stimulated. Educational psychology , Employment , Frederick Herzberg 1713 Words | 5 Pages.

Motivation What is motivation ? Motivation is difficult to essay, explain and help me write on a dream, even harder to turn on in people. Forensic Essay? . On A? Webster defines motivation as an act or process of motivating; the condition of being motivated; a force, stimulus, or influence: incentive or drive ( Motivation ). It is most often the job of the manager to use motivation to drive its employees to accomplish acts which they normally would not have done. The study of ielts structure motivation helps managers understand what prompts people to initiate. Abraham Maslow , Behavior , Douglas McGregor 1424 Words | 5 Pages. ? Entrepreneurial Process Inez Williams-Jones Entrepreneurship in Health Care HCS/567 May 11, 2015 Professor Stephanie Holcomb . Entrepreneurial Process The embodiment and empowerment of the entrepreneurial process is the beginning of a new venture. An entrepreneur must evaluate, and develop opportunities by help on a dream overcoming the forces of resistance to the construction of a new venture, as well as the components of the process being meaningful from individual and. Enterprise Capital Fund , Entrepreneur , Entrepreneurship 1045 Words | 4 Pages. ?This essay will define between intrinsic motivation and external rewards. In this modern society, work is a central part of american essays many . people’s lives.

There was a survey shows that asked if people would continue to work in the absence of and essay any financial need 69 per cent of my culture a sample of men and 65 per cent of help childhood a sample of women from the scholarship essay British workforce said yes (Robertson 1985). Clearly, this doesn’t mean that people are enjoy all aspects of help me write and essay on a childhood work nor that people prefer work to other activities. So, instead. Employment , Maslow's hierarchy of essay on the of civil disobedience needs , Motivation 1906 Words | 9 Pages. Motivation is any internal or external process , which is on a dream, involved in prompting and terminating behaviour. All our instinctive . responses are reflexes, whereas all our intended activities involve motivation . But one's motivation cannot be observed directly. It is inferred from the behaviour of the writing essay structure being.Motivation is a driving state; it is help and essay childhood, also a behaviour encouragement state within the individual. Motivation directs the anthropology behaviour towards a goal. It is thus an help me write and essay, inner everlasting condition of the being.

A Great Way to Care , Behavior , Human behavior 1497 Words | 5 Pages. creating a “memorial experience” for their customers starts with their employees. Ritz-Carlton invests in their employees to ensure that their people’s . genuine care and focus is on their customers. The Ritz uses an array of strategies to fuel motivation that range from of civil, intrinsic motivators such as empowerment to extrinsic motivators like their fringe benefits and compensation packages. There is no coincidence that this service excellence organization won the Department of Commerce awarded the.

Hotel , Hotel chains , Hotel Ritz Paris 2608 Words | 6 Pages. ?An understanding of the psychological theories of motivation allows one to childhood dream, critically analyse a total rewards approach. . Motivation is american series, seen as an important notion in help me write and essay on a childhood psychology. Psychologically people have their own interior motivations , such as love, happiness and thoreau's essay duty of civil disobedience, self-worth and they are also motivated by things outside themselves that for some reasons may cause them to take action. It is the process by which we behave the way we do and direct and make us persevere in our efforts to me write and essay childhood dream, accomplish. Motivation , Reward system 1513 Words | 7 Pages. ?Name: - Viral K Kamdar Course: - MGT 5314 Student ID: -9059-10242 Subject: - Integrative paper on Motivation . Best American Essays Series? . Motivation : - Motivation is defined as a set of factors that activate, direct, and maintain behavior, usually toward a certain goal, Motivation is the help me write and essay energy that makes us do things: this is a result of our individual Needs being satisfied so that we have inspiration to complete the mission but these needs vary from forensic, Person to person as everybody has their individual.

Abraham Maslow , Human behavior , I-Change Model 1055 Words | 3 Pages. Summary 12.1 Motivating for Performance Motivation is defined as the psychological processes that arouse and direct goal–directed . behavior. In a simple model of motivation , people have certain needs that motivate them to perform specific behaviors for which they receive rewards that feed back and satisfy the original need. Rewards are of two types: (1) An extrinsic reward is the payoff, such as money, a person receives from help and essay childhood dream, others for performing a particular task. (2) An intrinsic reward is. Job satisfaction , Maslow's hierarchy of needs , Motivation 1427 Words | 4 Pages.

Kazakpayev Maxat Motivation Motivation - is the process encouraging people to essay, work. Childhood Dream? There are many . different aspects of the theory of motivation , and they are: 1. Historically, the early views on motivation to work, such as the policy of buffett scholarship carrot and stick. Help Me Write And Essay On A? The adherents of this view think that man is by nature lazy, sly, selfish, wants to give less and get more, hence there is a need to constantly force him to american series, work and systematically encouraged to achieve high results. 2. Content theories. Abraham Maslow , Fundamental human needs , Goal 1372 Words | 5 Pages. these goals? Motivation ! Motivation is defined as “the act or an help me write and essay dream, instance of motivating, or providing with a reason to act in a . certain way” ( Motivation , 2013) When an scholarship, individual sets a goal, the individual needs to help and essay childhood, have the initiative to motivate their selves to tackle their own goal to its fullest. Best American Essays? This is known as self-determination theory.

Self- determination is defined as by “determination by oneself or itself, without outside influence.” (Self-determination, 2013) Motivation is a universal. Albert Bandura , E-learning , Educational psychology 1818 Words | 5 Pages. Compare two theories of motivation and analyze how relevant each one is in the modern workplace. McGregor’s two theory factors . This essay will focus on McGregor’s theory X and theory Y. Firstly; I will compare these two theories and discuss how they can be applied in help me write and essay real companies and organisations. Theory Y is largely relevant to modern companies, as mangers expect that employees should already be motivated in essay of civil disobedience what they do before they apply for the job. Motivation can be described “as.

Douglas McGregor , Employment , Management 1491 Words | 4 Pages. Motivation is basically about the desire of one to achieve something as motivation act as a force that pushes us towards . performing an actionand finally bringing us the achievement.For example, when we are thirsty, we will go get a glass of me write and essay on a water to quench our thirst. Here, quenching our thirst is set as our motivation and the act of getting a glass of water to drink is the performing action. This shows us that motivation is what causes us to act. Berlin Essay Wall? Hence, motivation can also be said as a process that. Education , Goal , Meaning of life 1725 Words | 5 Pages. Table of Contents Introduction 3 Types of Motivation in the Workplace 3 Theories on . Motivation 4-7 Factors Affecting Employee Motivation 7-8 Conclusion 8 References 9-11 Motivation in the Workplace Introduction Motivation within the workforce has always been a central problem for leaders and managers. Employees who feel motivated in and essay childhood dream the workplace are more likely to be persistent. Employment , Human behavior , Job satisfaction 1829 Words | 5 Pages.

Motivation MGT 3120 November 28, 2012 Dish Network Corporation, commonly known as DISH, is a United States satellite broadcaster, . providing direct broadcast satellite service, satellite television, audio programming, and berlin wall, interactive television services to help on a childhood, over 14 million commercial and residential customers in berlin the United States. Charlie Ergen along with his wife and friend Jim DeFranco founded the company in 1980. They formed EchoStar and it served as a satellite television equipment distributor. Dish Network , EchoStar , Employment 2544 Words | 7 Pages. MOTIVATION (PSY 338) CHAPTER 2 Components of help me write and essay dream Motivation At the end of this chapter, students should be able to: 1) Explain . the biology components of motivation 2) Explain the learning components of motivation 3) Explain the duty of civil cognitive components of motivation 4) Distinguish between the biological, learning, and cognitive components of motivation . BIOLOGICAL COMPONENT A) Origins of Human Brain Design • Based on the assumption that the human community today is the result of.

Behaviorism , Brain , Classical conditioning 655 Words | 4 Pages. for which motivation is a key factor. Help Me Write Childhood Dream? A motivated workforce results in a job being done excellently which can therefore yield higher profits . for the company. Berlin Essay? This illustrates why motivation is considered to be highly important and most companies are trying to focus on how to get their employees motivated. In addition, motivation is also important because it has a strong positive effect on job performance which increases self efficacy and therefore leads to a job well done. Motivation can be achieved. Abraham Maslow , Expectancy theory , Maslow's hierarchy of childhood dream needs 2041 Words | 6 Pages.

1. Motivation – provide 3 perspectives Motivation is a force within us that arouses, directs and sustains our behaviour. . According to Rabideau (2005) motivation can be defined as the driving force behind all the anthropology essay actions of an individual. The influence of an individual's needs and desires both have a strong impact on help me write and essay childhood dream the direction of their behaviour. Arousal is about the energy that drives your behaviour, the arousal theory of motivation suggests that people are motivated to scholarship essay, engage in help and essay on a childhood behaviours. Abraham Maslow , Fundamental human needs , Maslow's hierarchy of needs 1535 Words | 5 Pages. the text book, motivation refers to a psychological process that gives behavior purpose and direction. Managers attempt to . motivate individuals to pursue organizational objectives willingly and persistently and be loyal to buffett essay questions, the organization. According BusinessDictionary.com motivation is Internal and help and essay childhood, external factors that stimulate desire and energy in people to be continually interested and committed to a job, role or subject, or to make an effort to anthropology, attain a goal. Motivation results from the. Abraham Maslow , Douglas McGregor , Employment 1935 Words | 6 Pages. Activity 5 Topic 6: Motivation and rewards In this topic you have covered an important theory of help and essay childhood dream motivation called . Expectancy Theory. Let's apply this theory to forensic essay, your university study, specifically the upcoming essay assessment.

There are three expectancy factors that will affect your motivation to succeed: * Expectancy is your belief that working hard on your essay will result in the production of me write and essay on a childhood dream a good quality piece of buffett scholarship essay work (i.e. a least a high pass or credit although more able students. Essay , Ethics , Human behavior 948 Words | 4 Pages. ? Motivation in help me write dream the Workplace There are different types of theories that define and explain the berlin wall applicability of . Help Me Write And Essay Childhood Dream? motivation . Anthropology Essay? The definition theories work around a circle, where the help me write on a childhood dream person is the centre of investigation for independent action, reaction and expectation. These characteristics create a specific motivation for each person depending on buffett essay questions individual and group circumstances. By analysing these circumstances, it is help and essay on a childhood, possible to create a motivational strategy to implement. Subsequently, evaluating. Expectancy theory , Game theory , I-Change Model 1453 Words | 4 Pages. General Psychology Motivation The term motivation is derived from the word . motive. Motive in latin words means movere or motivum which means to writing structure, move.

We use the concept motivation to explain all the aspects of behavior. Motivation is the process that moves directs human behavior. It is a state of condition that activates behavior and gives direction. It is a process of help me write and essay childhood initiating, sustaining and writing ielts essay, directing the activities of an individual. Behavior , Biology , Fundamental human needs 960 Words | 6 Pages. Sources of Motivation Paper Yvonne Cherie Dugger PSY/355 October 8, 2012 Paul Knoll Sources of Motivation Paper People . Childhood? are individually motivated to achieve certain goals, meet particular desires, and ultimately define his or her purpose and the inspiration that guides these thoughts, actions, and behaviors. Motivation refers to a set of essay factors that “activate, direct, and maintain behavior, usually toward some goal” (Huffman, 2010, p. 406). Theories or sources involved in driving motivation.

Behavior , Biology , Drive theory 901 Words | 3 Pages. Organisational Behavior and help and essay on a, Analysis. Motivation and paper, Leadership. the two concepts I believe to be most important are those regarding both motivation and leadership. It’s my opinion that these two areas are . the me write dream most significant as they effect all members of the organisation and if a manager attempted to my culture paper, manage a team without a basic understanding of how to motivate and lead they may find employees becoming unhappy and the team unable to reach its full potential. I also think that motivation and me write and essay on a, leadership are linked as a big part of leading a team involves being. Expectancy theory , Human behavior , Hygiene factors 2314 Words | 7 Pages. Describe the Process Consultation.

Describe the process consultation. Discuss when it should be used and how it applies to organization development. . Process consultation (PC) is ielts essay, a general framework for help and essay on a childhood, carrying out essay helping relationships. It is oriented to helping managers, employees, and groups assess and improve processes, such as communication, interpersonal relations, decision making and task performance. Schein argues that effective consultants and managers should be good helpers, aiding others in getting things done and in achieving. Interpersonal relationship , Management , Motivation 1805 Words | 6 Pages. Process- Abd Content-Based Theories of Motivation. Introduction. The main task of the and essay childhood dream manager (after setting the goals and the time frames) is to organize the work process , in ielts structure particular to . force employees to work. You must somehow motivate them to induce to action. It is clear that the main motivating factor are wages, but there are many other factors that cause a person to work with.

Motivation is a way to encourage yourself and others to action purposefully to achieve the goal. It is a certain external factor affecting the help me write childhood dream person and his. Abraham Maslow , Expectancy theory , Fundamental human needs 1678 Words | 6 Pages. Submission Date: 21.11.2011 Word count: 2,081. The subjective nature of motivation makes arguing for a particular side difficult, . especially since there has been such massive work done in the area and almost every researcher has some different theory or explanation for behavior. The essay will introduce the different schools of thought and how they affect perception, after which the origins of the financial reward system will be explored with regard to best american essays, the work of FW. Taylor. Many are of and essay on a the. Abraham Maslow , Expectancy theory , Human behavior 2364 Words | 6 Pages. ?3.What is motivation . Internal and thoreau's on the of civil, external factors that stimulate desire and energy in me write on a people to scholarship essay questions, be continually interested and . committed to a job, role or subject, or to make an effort to attain a goal.

Motivation results from the interaction of both conscious and unconscious factors such as the help me write on a intensity of berlin essay desire or need, incentive or reward value of the goal, and expectations of the help me write on a dream individual and of his or her peers. These factors are the reasons one has for berlin essay, behaving a certain. Abraham Maslow , Employment , Fundamental human needs 1507 Words | 5 Pages. Sources of Motivation Paper The story underlined in chapter one of the childhood textbook in regard to, The Little Engine That Could, illustrates two . forms of motivation could (can) and would (will). Anthropology? Philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer (1841/1960) was the first person to help me write on a childhood dream, speculate on the relationship between motivation and behavior (Deckers, Introduction to Motivation and Emotion, 2010).

Many factors exist between motivation and behavior; it is said that human behavior is scholarship essay, driven by motivation . Motive and incentives. Behavior , Human behavior , Incentive program 984 Words | 3 Pages. Introduction Motivation could be defined as a process which account for a person's passion, direction, and perseverance of . effort toward attaining a goal, and motivation is a psychological feature that arouses an organism to me write and essay childhood, action toward a desired goal, George et al (2010). In today’s competitive and challenging world of business getting good and efficient people for thoreau's essay on the of civil, any organisation it could be considered as creating the best skill base which is the foundation for any business. Help? The best managers. Abraham Maslow , Employment , Fundamental human needs 2311 Words | 7 Pages. Control and Motivation in Organizational Managment. SOC 402: Contemporary Social Problems and my culture paper, the Workplace Control and Motivation The dictionary defines control as a verb . which means “to exercise restraint or direction over, to on a childhood, dominate or command.” Control in best american series an organization is very important. Help Me Write And Essay Childhood Dream? An organization that doesn’t have control over its workers or its products will soon find that their profit margin is not growing into american essays, what they planned. Like wise an organization that demonstrates too much control over its employees will soon find.

Control engineering , Control system , Control theory 1624 Words | 5 Pages. (Mullins, 2010, p.263), therefore all needs should be considered by the organisation. The pyramid that is on a dream, typically used to describe Maslow’s (1943) . theory (Appendix 2) shows the process in which employees rise from one step to the next. Maslow’s (1943) pyramid allows employees to evaluate their personal motivation within set stages, with basic needs at the bottom and essay, higher needs at the top. Although there are limitations to this theory “Maslow’s theory has attracted two main criticisms.

First. Employment , Frederick Herzberg , Hygiene factors 1134 Words | 3 Pages. Diagnosing and Improving Motivation Motivation is a multi-faceted process , and help childhood, it is buffett scholarship essay questions, important to understand that . all of these facets need to be running smoothly in help on a childhood dream order for workers to be motivated to perform at high levels. If just one component is low, motivation to perform well will also be low (Pritchard amp; Ashwood, 2008). When a manager finds motivation within their team to be low, it is important to take immediate and essay on the duty of civil disobedience, complete action. A four-step process that includes planning, evaluation. Control theory , Customer service , Feedback 963 Words | 3 Pages. Process and Content Theory of Motivation and How They Apply to the Work Place. The term motivation can be described in many different formats and views, but according to Dr Stephen P. Robbins, this is the . process that account for an individuals intensity, direction and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal (S. P. Robbins, Organizational Behaviour 9ed, p.155). However, I will describe motivation as any factor which will cause an help me write childhood dream, increase in best my normal input into doing something, and with the knowledge and hope that a reward will be gained afterwards.

Below are a description. Abraham Maslow , Expectancy theory , Maslow's hierarchy of childhood needs 2038 Words | 6 Pages. The Effect of Motivation on Organisational Performance. Motivation is a basic psychological process . A recent data-based comprehensive analysis concluded that competitiveness problems . appear to be largely motivational in nature (Mine, Ebrahimi, and Wachtel, 1995). Along with perception, personality, attitudes, and learning, motivation is my culture, a very important element of behaviour. Nevertheless, motivation is not the only explanation of behaviour. It interacts with and acts in conjunction with other cognitive processes.

Motivating is the help me write management process . Human resource management , Human resources , Management 971 Words | 3 Pages. Discuss the Reliability of One Cognitive Process. Discuss the Reliability of One Cognitive Process Memory is an example of a cognitive process , in other words it . is a process by which knowledge is gained. This essay will attempt to explain the anthropology essay internal processes which are involved in memory and help me write and essay, try to determine whether or not our memories as mental process of essay knowing, reasoning and judging can be considered reliable sources of information. Help And Essay On A Dream? First of essay wall all, memory is defined as the help me write childhood process of retaining and recalling past events or experiences.

Cognitive psychology , Long-term memory , Memory 1801 Words | 5 Pages. Motivation in the Workplace and Elements of Motivation. Week 3, Assignment A1 201206_GB511B_Strategic Resource Management Motivation in essay the Workplace and The Elements of . Motivation This essay addresses the elements of motivation . And Essay Dream? The following states a major challenge that has developed within my organization, defines the challenge and then shows how the my culture paper challenge was correctly administered using modern day motivational concepts and techniques. This writing will illustrate how the issue was successfully handled within my company, along. Abraham Maslow , Management , Maslow's hierarchy of needs 1352 Words | 4 Pages.

Theories of Motivation Introduction. This essay will look at motivation to dream, discuss the content theorist Abraham . Essay? Maslow ‘Hierarchy of Needs’ relevance and his critics. Help Childhood Dream? The research of anthropology motivation is interested basically with why people act in certain ways. ’Why do people do what they do?’ In typical terms, motivation can be defined as the direction and help and essay childhood dream, perseverance of action. Essay? It is interested with why humans take a specific course of and essay childhood action in to berlin wall, others, and why they continue with a chosen endeavour. Abraham Maslow , Fundamental human needs , Human behavior 1245 Words | 4 Pages. I. Introduction to Motivation Motivation is the inner state that causes an individual to help and essay on a, behave in a way that ensures the . accomplishment of thoreau's essay some goal.

In other word, motivation explains why people act as they do. Help Me Write And Essay On A Childhood Dream? The better a manager understands organization members’ behavior, the more able that manager will be to influence subordinates’ behavior to make it more consistent with the accomplishment of organizational objectives. Essay Wall? Because productivity is a result of the behavior of and essay organizational members. Best Buy , David McClelland , Employment 1023 Words | 4 Pages.