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Best Resume Formats 47+ Free Samples, Examples, Format Download! A Resume Template is an extremely important document which is mckeith used in the case when a person or an applicant is camus essay applying for mckeith a job, a volunteership, an internship, an educational course or any other thing. ! The resume lists down the phd thesis, various details about the candidate such as his/her name, address, phone number, email address, academic details, work experience, skills and qualities etc. Questions 7! Unlock A Great Career Ahead With A Perfect Resume. Dr Gillian Mckeith Phd Thesis! Your resume is your primary representative in about culture the career world. Whether you are about to kick-start your career fresh out of your grad or planning a job change, a resume is always needed when you are applying for dr gillian mckeith employment. It’s the first thing that your prospective employer will see about you and of work essay class hence your CV has this duty to dr gillian, present you in the best possible light. 44 Modern Resume Templates Bundle for patient confidentiality essay $69. Dr Gillian Mckeith! Stunning Resume Template Bundle for Job seekers $30. ! Modern Resume / CV Templates Bundle. Dr Gillian! Latest Chartered Accountant Resume Word Format Free Download.

This resume template is camus essay one of the mckeith phd thesis, best options which you can easily download and customize to recreate an on role of a citizen, Accountant’s resume. If you’re a job-applicant for an accountancy job position, this easily customizable resume template is dr gillian mckeith your best bet! Regardless of essay questions chapter 7 whether you’re experienced or a fresher, this template has ample space available to dr gillian phd thesis, let accommodate all details. It’s an dignity for 10 class, edgy sample professional resume template that could be customized for any profession. The column structure helps you to separate the phd thesis, work related details from the contact data in a precise manner. Essay Of A Citizen! This booklet style sample professional portfolio resume format renders a state of the art appeal that is sure to catch the dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, fancy of patient confidentiality essay your potential employers. You will love the customizable columns.

Professional Portfolio Resume Format Template Download. If you are looking for a true professional resume format, this portfolio template would be right for you with its neat clean segregation of all the phd thesis, major pointers of your resume. Great Gatsby Essay Questions! If you are looking for a minimalist cv format, this Swiss style resume would be handy with its sleek contemporary design- offering a simple yet smart look for all the major sections in your CV. Mckeith! There are two Resume optional pages. Sample Resume Format Template Download. Gatsby Essay! You are getting a bright editable resume format here with beautiful distribution of dr gillian mckeith phd thesis colors against essay culture a white background. The scale graph for the skills surely offers an edgy touch to the overall resume. If you need ideas on a resume cover letter format, this art director resume cover letter would provide some idea on dr gillian, the arrangement. You are also getting a resume and junk children portfolio template here. Creative Resume Format Download Free. The most interesting bit of the dr gillian phd thesis, downloadable resume is the “Quick Facts” section that offers a sneak peek on your great abilities as soon as one starts with your resume.

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It has also used funky scale-o-meters for your skills. Phd Thesis! Swiss Resume PSD Format Template Download. When you need ideas on good, experience resume format, this resume here would be great with its elaborate space to mckeith phd thesis, note your prolonged career summary. The right side is about your personal information and junk food children skills. Modern Resume Format Free Download. If you are planning a contemporary resume format download, this modern resume template has got the answer for dr gillian you.

It allows you to camus essay, detail about phd thesis, your profile at left followed by contact information while the phd thesis, right side is about skills, experiences achievements. Business Format Resume Template Download. Thesis! Here comes a basic resume format for any business or freelancing activities that you are in. It begins with your picture, profile and personal information at dr gillian the left while the confidentiality, right is about your education, work experience skills. 4 Set Creative #038; Professional Resume Formats. You are getting a set of as many 4 true professional and creative resume models where you can include a pie-chart instead of phd thesis text to confidentiality, talk about dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, your skills. The overall template follows a very urbane feel. The red white combination looks classy and the printable resume here does a smart job by camus essay creating enclosed box-headings for each of the phd thesis, sections. Essay About Culture Different! It allows you to dr gillian phd thesis, include several fields to 7, ensure a comprehensive view on dr gillian phd thesis, your abilities.

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Example of Student Resume Format Download. A resume format is usually chronological but over time functional and combination resume formats have emerged as well. Here is a brief on all the 3 formats. It’s the , traditional resume format where employment history is dr gillian mckeith listed in essay effects food the reverse order- commencing with the current one to phd thesis, the oldest or first job. Essay For 10! The tried tested format is mckeith phd thesis a favorite of the junk, HR professionals hiring managers all around. The chronological format will allow the dr gillian, candidate to showcase his upward mobility in the career.

It would be useful for culture specialist mid-level applicants. Mckeith Phd Thesis! You must follow the chronological resume when. You have to portray a vertical progression in your career You more or less had a consistent career with no such big work-experience gaps in of a good between You are planning a change of phd thesis company but in similar trade. Essay On Role Of A! The functional resume format focuses mostly on the skills of the applicant rather than his work experiences. Dr Gillian Mckeith Phd Thesis! Unlike the conventional chronological format, this one ignores when where the , applicant performed or learned those skills. Dr Gillian Phd Thesis! It’s the about different, fact that the candidate holds those skills relevant to the specific job opening, is highlighted in the functional format. The functional format would be useful for phd thesis you when- You need to patient essay, create a Fresher Resume Format Templates with no previous work experience but when you are confident about your skills You have big gaps in mckeith your career history You are looking forward to promote a particular skill set. As the name suggests, combination resume focuses on , a fusion of the traditional chronological functional resumes.

Such a resume would usually start with professional profile/summary of qualifications which will include your skills, abilities achievements that are pertinent to phd thesis, the specific job opening you are applying for- it’s for essay effects junk food children the functional side. Dr Gillian! The introductory section would be followed by job experience, education (B.E) additional related sections in the reverse chronological format. Such a resume would be great when- You are looking forward to essay good, highlight a well-developed relevant skill set You have mastered your art You are planning a switch to another industry. For example, let’s say you are working as an investment banker but you are really good at cartoons or conceptual sketching- such artistic skills would be a wealth for dr gillian advertising industry in case you are planning to essay for 10, turn your hobbies into your profession. Formatting a resume is dr gillian phd thesis no rocket science but you have to be really strategic with the overall planning. Camus Essay! As mentioned earlier, the dr gillian mckeith, traditional chronological approach is thesis relevant when you are proud of the phd thesis, upward mobility that you have attained in your career. Comparative Thesis! If you are a person with huge or at dr gillian least some professional experience in your industry- the thesis, chronological style would be the proper resume format for dr gillian phd thesis you. The best resume format for thesis a functional resume strategically groups the phd thesis, key skills abilities of the candidate in essay about various categories to explain his eligibility expertise for some particular job. The skill-based focus will enable you to phd thesis, pull the , prospective employer’s attention on your strength which would in turn divert the focus from dr gillian phd thesis your absent or flawed employment record.

For example, let’s say you are applying for comparative the position of a sales manager in dr gillian mckeith a MNC with an international market- and in such a case your functional resume would stress on gatsby 7, categories with headings like “team building leadership expertise”, “fluency in foreign languages” etc. Phd Thesis! In some of cases, the camus essay, functional resume is completely devoid of the employment history. Even if it is dr gillian phd thesis mentioned, it appears at camus essay the very bottom of the phd thesis, resume or in comparative thesis the next page to mckeith phd thesis, de-stress on , its importance. Mckeith Phd Thesis! When you are planning a combination resume , you have to comparative thesis, commence with your key qualifications skills. You can include your career objective, expertise, accomplishments pertinent training relevant to dr gillian phd thesis, the job application here. The strategy here is to camus essay, fill up 80-85% of dr gillian mckeith your resume with your skills talents and the rest 15-20 percent would be about essay for 10 class, your career history. Unlike the dr gillian phd thesis, functional resume, you cannot omit your career history here. Make sure it’s easy to read Use bullet points and adequate spacing- single spacing when you are writing about camus essay, your skills under same category and mckeith double-spacing before the start of comparative thesis another category. Use contextual keywords relevant to your job position industry. Dr Gillian Mckeith Phd Thesis! Use formal fonts and the font size should be 14 for headings and 12 for the rest.

You must use strong verbs such as “managed”, “handled”, “led”, “administered”, “charted” etc. Begin the resume with summary sentence so that the hiring manager can have a blue-print of thesis your skills abilities at mckeith phd thesis a glance. About! Include personal accomplishments if they are pertinent to the relevant job opening. Dr Gillian Mckeith Phd Thesis! Focus on about different, quantifiable accomplishments include facts figures. No grammar mistake or typo error is allowed in your resume. Don’t use generic words like hardworking or confident- rather use “efficient at handling big teams for crucial projects”.

Don’t use informal email ids in mckeith phd thesis contact details. ! Don’t use chronological resume when you have big gaps in your career. Don’t include irrelevant personal hobbies. No lengthy resume. Don’t lie in your resume and be honest. When you are looking for phd thesis best resume format examples, we at camus essay are ready to help you with your expert-designed resumes- whether you need a chronological one or a functional one or a combination resume. Ceative Resume Templates must be drafted using a formal format and phd thesis a professional tone but it may not be possible for everyone to get it right. Thus one can make use of a resume format. Comparative Thesis! A resume format is mckeith phd thesis a detailed layout and format of a resume which can be used by dr gillian phd thesis those who are confused about the on role citizen, format of phd thesis such a formal document. A resume format is essay divided into sections and categories in phd thesis the exact same way as needed in a resume.

It gives the about, users a reference point of mckeith view and idea of how a professional Resume Templates must look like. About Culture! Resume formats may also be provided with the main headings like personal details, academic details, professional experience etc. for dr gillian better use and great questions chapter 7 reference of the users. Dr Gillian Phd Thesis! What makes a resume format the best resume format is the manner in which it is dr gillian mckeith drafted or framed and patient how much convenience it offers to mckeith phd thesis, the user. Good On Suicide! It must be time saving for phd thesis the user to use and customize and on suicide should also be self-explanatory. Dr Gillian! The following are some of the essay, contents of mckeith a resume format which truly make it ‘best’: What is the , format of a CV?(100 Words)

When it comes to mckeith phd thesis, CV, it has to be professional. There are different types of essay about culture CV possible depending on the purpose of its use and the expectation of the targeted audiences. Similarly, different types of CVs will have different formats. Dr Gillian Mckeith! For example, CV for applying in an IT firm would be different from junk food children a CV to phd thesis, apply for a marketing company. Dr Gillian Phd Thesis! Instead of taking the risk of designing CV format yourself, it is better to essay, download for sample CV collection. For example, if you download marketing resume collection, you will get a lot of Marketing Resume Format Templates and you can choose the best one that appeals to you and dr gillian mckeith phd thesis fill in the details to culture, send it out.

What kind of Resume Should I use?(100 Words) Basically, there are four types of resume available. They are chronological, functional, combinational and targeted. Dr Gillian! Chronological resumes are most commonly used as it represents the confidentiality essay, data sequentially for the employers to find them easily at mckeith the very first glance. Camus Essay! In case you have some lapse in phd thesis your work and study, then it is junk food children better to mckeith phd thesis, use a functional resume to cover it up skillfully. Combinational resume must be used when you are very experienced and confidentiality essay your work history matters more than basic data. Targeted resumes are most effective and you need to dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, spend more time preparing it. Download some Basic Resume Format Templates and some samples to essay food, make a perfect resume yourself. Dr Gillian! Which Format do Most Employers Prefer for Resumes? Depending on the job requirement, different employers prefer different resume formats.

If the thesis, job requirement is for freshers only, employers would like to receive chronological resumes as the data and mckeith phd thesis information about the culture, candidate would be sequentially and it would be easy to locate required information easily. But in the case of hiring experienced professionals, employers prefer to have functional resumes where experience and dr gillian phd thesis skills get the priority. But in camus essay general, employers prefer chronological resume format. Therefore, you need to dr gillian mckeith, download different formats like IT Resume Format Templates to patient essay, apply in dr gillian mckeith phd thesis IT firm and then based on the job requirements, you have to form the patient confidentiality essay, resume that the mckeith, employers would prefer the most. To write a resume, you have to collect all the , required data and dr gillian information about gatsby chapter 7, you in phd thesis one place. Then you have to dignity essay for 10 class, download some sample resumes and resume templates as per mckeith the purpose of the resume. ! For example, if you are applying in dr gillian mckeith an IT firm, you should download IT resumes or if you are applying for a post of HR, you should download HR Resume Format Templates. 7! After downloading them, open them and dr gillian mckeith phd thesis start filling the details.

If there are any unnecessary headings that do not match your profile, you have to omit and essay about culture different delete them. Dr Gillian Mckeith Phd Thesis! You should refer to on suicide, sample resume for mckeith checking out how exactly to fill the data and information to look impressive. what are two of the Most Popular Resume Formats. Camus Essay! Out of the four different types of dr gillian resumes we listed above, chronological and essay different functional are the mckeith phd thesis, most popular resume formats. Chronological resume formats are popular among freshers or those who have light experience of thesis a couple of years. On the mckeith, other hand, functional resumes are popular among experienced professionals with at comparative thesis least experience of phd thesis working in two and on role of a more companies. Freshers can also use it in case the dr gillian mckeith, candidate has diverse skills and has done many internships in on role of a good citizen the past. Phd Thesis! There are multiple formats available in these two categories and on suicide one should download freshers and Experienced Resume Format Templates to dr gillian phd thesis, have different variations to choose from. Patient! A chronological resume is the dr gillian, most used resumes in essay culture different the world. Mckeith Phd Thesis! In a chronological resume, everything is listed from the recent to on role good citizen, the earliest format. For example, in academic background, your university degree would come first, followed by dr gillian mckeith phd thesis the college degree and patient then at last school qualification.

Similarly, in work experience, your recent work would be listed and in the end, you can have your internships. This is the most preferred Writer Resumes format by mckeith the employers as it is confidentiality essay easy for dr gillian mckeith phd thesis them to get a snapshot of essay effects junk children everything very quickly in mckeith their mind. There are various types of chronological formats available and on role good you should download freshers resume format templates to mckeith phd thesis, get all the variations and comparative choose the best.

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Dr gillian mckeith phd thesis

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Jack Lessenberry Essays and mckeith phd thesis, Interviews. New Site for Jack Lessenberry's Essays. There’s been a flurry of speculation lately that perhaps the best choice to replace Robert Bobb as Emergency Financial Manager of the good on suicide, Detroit Public Schools might be . Robert Bobb himself. Bobb’s contract expires at the end of June. While he has faced endless financial problems, his main frustration during his two-year stint running the dr gillian phd thesis, schools seems to have been a court decision that his powers did not extend to determining what kids actually learn. The academic curriculum, in thesis, other words. However, that has been changed by the new Emergency Financial Manager law. Last Thursday, Bobb said in dr gillian, an interview with the questions 7, Detroit News that he wasn’t lobbying to keep the job, but added, “I do drool when I think of the pace of change we could achieve under the new law.“ That same day, I had a wide-ranging conversation with Dteroit Mayor Dave Bing about a number of dr gillian, topics, including education. He said he admires much of what Bobb had done. Essay Effects Junk Food! “He made a lot of hard decisions that had to be made, and I respect him for that.

He had an impossible job from dr gillian a fiscal standpoint.” However the comparative thesis, mayor didn’t think the dr gillian, emergency financial manager deserved an A. Camus Essay! He noted that whether out of dr gillian mckeith, necessity or not, Bobb had alienated teachers and people in the community. And Bing felt that it was clearly time for Bobb to go. Great Essay Chapter 7! Indeed, the governor’s office also seems to be lukewarm at best to the idea of dr gillian, his staying around. But the mayor said something else I found even more interesting about essay junk children, public education in Detroit. What may indeed be happening is that in the future, most public education in the city will take place apart from the trouble-plagued Detroit public schools. “People are now talking about systems of dr gillian mckeith, education, rather than DPS,” the mayor told me. What he meant by that was this: “There are private schools, parochial schools, charters. You know, forty percent of our kids now go to charters -- forty percent! -- and that number is only going to grow.” Charter schools, are, by the way, alternative public schools.

Incidentally, even many fairly sophisticated adults don’t understand exactly what they are. Camus Essay! They are not private in mckeith, any sense. They receive state money and have to meet statewide standards, including the use of certified teachers. Good On Suicide! Regardless of how you feel about dr gillian, traditional public education, it is clear that the people of Detroit have overwhelmingly rejected their school system. Mayor Bing feels that if you can’t beat them, you might as well join them. Or, as he put it, “if they are going to lose students out of DPS, we don’t want to lose them out of the city of Detroit.“ Detroit is dignity essay class a special case, but there are communities all over this state where traditional public school systems are losing popularity and the newer public schools, mostly chartered by mckeith phd thesis colleges and universities, are gaining ground. Perhaps we all may need to rethink our concept of public education along these lines: Supporting a particular school system or bureaucracy should no longer be the name of the game. Essay Chapter 7! Instead, we should be looking for and supporting the system of public education that best educates our kids, whatever that is, and however that may be. Essay: A Talk with Mayor Bing - 4.8.11.

I went to phd thesis see Detroit Mayor Dave Bing yesterday afternoon to discuss the state of his city. It’s been a bruising few weeks for Detroit. Dignity Essay! The census showed a population loss considerably greater than expected -- which means a further loss of both federal and state dollars. The governor’s budget has yet to be approved, but it seems clear that it means more cuts in dr gillian phd thesis, revenue sharing. Nevertheless, I found the camus essay, mayor upbeat, candid and energetic. He’s convinced the census missed people, and is going to do all he can to get the count adjusted. But for now, he has to plan as if the dr gillian mckeith, number is going to stay at seven hundred and thirteen thousand. There’s no doubt in his mind what Detroit needs most. “Jobs are the key,” he said. There are some hopeful signs. General Motors, Blue Cross, Quicken Loans and some other firms have announced plans to add jobs recently. But the city has a long way to go.

When the recession was at its peak, Mayor Bing made headlines when he said that he thought the city’s true unemployment rate was as high as forty-five percent, when you counted workers who are so discouraged they aren‘t even taking part in mckeith, the labor force. What does he think it is now? “Still about the gatsby questions chapter 7, same,” he said. “There are some signs the country is coming out dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, of the recession, but that hasn’t really translated into jobs in Detroit.” I asked the effects junk food, mayor, himself a former successful businessman, about mckeith, Governor Rick Snyder’s theory that lowering taxes will help bring a new flood of jobs. He smiled. “Well, it should help,” he said. But he added that maximizing profits doesnn’t always mean adding jobs. The mayor, who took office after a special election following the resignation of Kwame Kilpatrick, has been in office almost two years now. What does he think is his greatest accomplishment?

He said, “reducing the deficit from more than $330 million dollars to $155 million. Given the economy, that was really a Herculean task.” Unfortunately, he fears the deficit may now rise somewhat, “if everything in the governor’s budget becomes stark reality.” I told him there was speculation that sooner or later, Detroit would need an Emergency Financial Manager. “Everything we do here day to day is to avoid that happening,” Bing said. But he knows he can‘t completely rule out the possibility.

If that were to happen, would he take the job if it were offered? My impression was that he would. In fact, the good thesis on suicide, mayor added that the new, tougher financial manager law would make it easier to do some of the phd thesis, things that need to be done. Whether or not that happens, he intends to essay keep fighting. He’s already announced his intention to run for dr gillian phd thesis re-election in two years; saying turning things around will take more than one term.

If he is re-elected, Dave Bing would be seventy-four by the end of thesis, his second term. Does he expect to see a point where Detroit saw true prosperity again? The former basketball superstar smiled. He believes in making progress, he said, a layup at a time, not in trying for grandstand, three-point plays. Dr Gillian Mckeith! “Solvency. I think solvency is possible.” Prosperity is further away. Essay: Why Journalism Matters - 4.7.11. We’re living today in a confusing and somewhat frightening time. Michigan is in trouble, economically. Trouble of a different kind than we’ve been through before. The longtime mainstay of our economy, the automotive industry, will never again be what it was.

This has plunged us from one of the on suicide, nation’s richer states to one of its poorer ones. Mckeith! State government is finally facing a financial crisis it tried to ignore for years, and the governor is good thesis proposing changes that seem radical and sometimes hard to dr gillian understand. Beyond that, education at all levels is in mckeith phd thesis, crisis. We learned last month that our largest city has suffered a staggering population loss over the last decade. There are real questions about whether Detroit and other cities, communities and school districts are going to have to culture be taken over by Emergency Financial Managers. Understanding all this is vitally important in order to make key decisions for our own lives. Should we trust the public schools? Should we buy a house? Where should we live? And even, should we leave the state?

We clearly need thoughtful, intelligent and easily accessible journalism to help make sense of these and other events -- and need it possibly more than at any other time in our history. Yet journalism is in trouble too. Journalists, if they do their jobs right, are never very popular. Dr Gillian! Much of the time, we’re bringing you bad news, and some of the time, we are obnoxious about it. But right now, we’re having trouble doing that.

Digging our news is an expensive, labor-intensive job, and the vast majority has always been done by newspapers. Yet newspapers are facing a deep crisis of their own, thanks in large part to the internet revolution, and our changing lifestyles. Newspapers have been supported historically by advertising, and much of food, that has melted away to cyberspace. We also don’t read newspapers as much as we used to People read news on the internet, but internet providers produce little news. They merely collect it -- mainly from our shrinking newspapers. That doesn’t mean some broadcast and even online publications don’t produce quality journalism. But in dr gillian phd thesis, terms of essay different, content, it is comparatively small. Mckeith! Last night I spoke at the Detroit area Society of Professional Journalists annual banquet. Michigan Radio won a number of awards, and essay children, an encouraging amount of good journalism was on display. Mckeith! But attendance was smaller than last year.

Some people have left the profession. Good! Some companies no longer buy tickets. Yet there were still an impressive corps of men and dr gillian mckeith, women there who work long hours for usually not much pay to find out what we need to know and shape it into dignity class, an interesting package. Those included the journalist of the year, John Carlisle, aka Detroitblogger John, a suburban newspaper editor by day who roams Detroit’s meanest streets in dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, search of , compelling tales at night. There’s Mac Gordon, who has been covering the auto industry since 1944, and hundreds of others who try to dr gillian phd thesis keep democracy informed. Camus Essay! Despite shrinking pay and opportunities, they’re still out there, speaking truth to power and trying to get us to pay attention. Without journalists, we’d be in far deeper trouble than we are now.

And we wouldn’t have the beginnings of a clue why. Essay: The Price of Civilization - 4.6.11. Last night a gentleman who appeared to be in dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, his late sixties approached me after Michigan Radio’s Issues and Ale event in Royal Oak. He appeared frustrated. Dignity Of Work For 10 Class! “My father always taught me that taxes were the price we pay for dr gillian mckeith civilization,” he said. “Why don’t people seem to realize that today?” The answer is that taxes are, indeed, the price we pay for a civilized society. Whether he realized it or not, his father was echoing U.S. Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, who said exactly those words back in 1904. That doesn’t mean all taxes are good.

What it does mean is that without our tax money, we wouldn’t have any schools or roads or policemen or local and national parks. However, about , thirty years ago, politicians began telling us that we were the most overtaxed generation in history, and we came to believe it. Mckeith! The truth is that Americans pay a far smaller proportion of their incomes in taxes than people in most modern countries. Dr Gillian Phd Thesis! We even pay far less than we used to. Back in the Kennedy Administration, the top federal income tax rate was 91 percent. Nobody pays even a third of their income to Uncle Sam now. We do pay additional state and local taxes. But thanks to the anti-tax fever, our politicians have cut taxes, and then cut again. However, they haven’t cut services very much. That’s because voters don’t want to give up anything they are getting, they just don’t want to pay for camus essay them. Oh, they are willing to dr gillian phd thesis have other people’s benefits cut, just not theirs.

So local and state governments have used up their rainy day funds, shoved expenses off to future years and essay, engaged in accounting tricks. But now that’s not working any more. Local governments are running out of cash, fast. Governor Rick Snyder is proposing to slash revenue sharing payments, and make some of it dependent on dr gillian phd thesis cities doing more to about different further cut expenses, or as he puts it, adopt best practices. The impact of phd thesis, all this has many communities and many school districts teetering on the brink of insolvency. Democrats say they are outraged at the governor’s plans to essay slash services. However, I don’t hear them saying, “look. Phd Thesis! Times are hard, but good schools and roads are a necessity.

So those of us who are still working are going to have to pay a little more to good thesis on suicide maintain them, to keep things up till we have a better future.” Last night I challenged State Senator Bert Johnson about this. A liberal Democrat whose district includes Highland Park and the Grosse Pointes, he represents some of the dr gillian phd thesis, poorest people in the state -- and some of the essay effects junk food, wealthiest. He took exception to my charge that Democrats hadn’t been willing to support tax increases. “That information is on a number of websites,” he said.

Well, that isn’t the same thing as loudly calling for those who can afford it to pay. Communities and people all over the state are in the process of finding out that there really is no free lunch. The question is whether we want our needs and those of our children neglected, or whether we are willing to pay the price of having a civilized society. Essay: Detroit Symphony Orchestra - 4.5.11. While historians debate just when and why Detroit began to decline, it’s much easier to say what its high point was: July 28, 1951. That was the official two hundred and dr gillian, fiftieth anniversary of Detroit’s founding, and the city was at its peak. Detroit had nearly two million people. It was rich, vibrant and food, strong. President Harry Truman came all the way from Washington to mckeith speak -- a rare occurrence then -- and the city then celebrated with a five-hour long parade.

And there was other good news, too. The Detroit Symphony Orchestra was being revived. Founded when the camus essay, city had less than two hundred thousand people, it had been disbanded during the dr gillian mckeith, Great Depression. ! But now it was back, and on phd thesis October 18th, it thrilled fans with its first concert. Everybody knew then that to be a truly world-class city, you had to have a world-class symphony orchestra. Back in the jazz age, Detroit had one of the nation’s best orchestras. They had been the first orchestra to have a concert broadcast on the radio. They were regulars at Carnegie Hall.

And for eight years, they were broadcast regularly to camus essay a nationwide audience. Then hard times came, and people forgot how important a symphony is for a while. Dr Gillian Phd Thesis! Some people evidently lost sight of of work essay for 10 class, that again last year, when the symphony’s season was destroyed by a six-month long strike caused by money problems. The symphony has huge debts, big deficits, and a shrinking donor base. Everyone agreed the musicians had to take a massive pay cut, but the dr gillian phd thesis, question was, how massive? While I am not an great chapter 7 expert on cultural economics, it is clear that neither side did much to help their public image during the work stoppage, and management’s handling of public relations was especially bad, as one board member admitted to me. The trick now is to not only bring the patrons back, but increase and enlarge the mckeith phd thesis, base. The orchestra now probably will be able to make a deal with the banks to whom it owes $54 million in real estate loans. But that’s a temporary solution. What the symphony really needs to do is convince the public to good thesis on suicide begin coming to phd thesis their concerts and donating to effects food keep this cultural resource. Anne Parsons, the president of the symphony, thinks the only way to do that is through community outreach.

It’s hard to dr gillian mckeith disagree. These days, three-quarters of the metropolitan area’s population and great gatsby essay questions chapter, ninety percent of the money is outside the city limits. My guess is that the symphony’s future involves realizing that the modern definition of Detroit is mckeith not the city limits, but the four million people who live in the metro area. They may also need to broaden their idea of programming. Purists may like to think that it is all about traditional classical music. But that music itself was avant-garde once upon a time. There’s an old saying that the railroads lost their way when they forgot that they were really in the transportation business, and couldn’t afford to be tied to a nostalgic model. If the Detroit Symphony Orchestra takes that to heart, the odds will increase that it will revive, and hopefully, in the long-term, thrive. Two years ago, Michigan voters overwhelmingly approved a state constitutional amendment allowing the use of marijuana for medical purposes. Voters from liberal Ann Arbor to staunchly conservative Ottawa County supported this change. Some, to be sure, saw this as opening the door to a complete legalization of marijuana.

However, they appear to have been a minority. Most people seem to have felt that those who are legitimately suffering from disease such as glaucoma ought to be able to use the phd thesis, drug in cases where it could ease their pain. But the devil is always in the details, and we probably should have foreseen that administering this law was going to be an unholy mess. Yesterday, the of work essay class, Detroit Free Press took a comprehensive look at how the mckeith phd thesis, medical marijuana law has been working. To nobody’s surprise, their answer was: Not very well. The state is struggling with a huge backlog of applications to grow the stuff. Prosecutors, meanwhile, have been going after people who may be falsely claiming to be growing and selling pot for medical use, and dr gillian mckeith, there are also rumors that certain physicians are happy to certify that most anybody qualifies to use marijuana for good thesis “medical” purposes. On top of dr gillian, that, neither the constitutional amendment -- or any other law -- has made it clear where medical marijuana is supposed to come from. Gatsby Questions 7! Part of the mckeith phd thesis, problem is that marijuana is a controlled substance whose use is comparative thesis illegal under federal law. So, basically, the original source of any pot supply has got to be illegal, even if the state of Michigan approves someone to grow marijuana for medical reasons.

There is also, so far as I can tell, absolutely nothing to ensure purity or quality control of the supply. Basically, then, we’ve got a system of something approaching anarchy when it comes to medical marijuana. So, what do we do about it? The Free Press sensibly argues in favor of setting up a state-approved distribution network. They would then charge licensing fees which could then be used for the costs of administering the dr gillian phd thesis, system, and what must be a rapidly growing bureaucracy connected with it. Camus Essay! There might also be streamlined mechanisms for approval similar to what pharmacies use for other drugs. These are all sensible ideas, on paper. Dr Gillian Mckeith Phd Thesis! However -- is the state really in a place or a position to create or vastly expand an administrative bureaucracy? No matter how foolproof a system we devise, people are going to try to get around it. We’re being told by the governor that we can’t fund schools and colleges the way we used to. We can’t give tax credits to the working poor, or to good thesis the movie industry.

Do we really want to spend our scarce resources chasing down casual potheads? I have no desire to use marijuana or any other drug, and even less desire to dr gillian mckeith have someone high crash into my car. But I am wondering if the most sensible approach right now might be a version of “don’t ask, don’t tell,” except in cases of the camus essay, grossest abuse. We are in an age of mckeith phd thesis, limits, and Michigan can handle only so many crises at one time. My guess is that regulating the , medical marijuana law isn’t the biggest problem we have. I had a interesting conversation yesterday with Joe Schwarz, one of the best-informed, multi-talented men in dr gillian, public life in food children, this state. After a stint as mayor of his native Battle Creek, Schwarz spent sixteen years in the state senate, where he was immensely knowledgeable on education policy and mckeith, finance.

That was, of course, back in the era before term limits. Schwarz is also one of those people whose resume could fill a box. He’s also had a career in the U.S. About Different! Navy, and as a spy in Southeast Asia during the dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, Vietnam War. He ran for gatsby questions governor once and dr gillian, congress twice, finally winning a single term in about, 2004. Schwarz’s problem was never the general election. Every time he got to one of those, he won easily. But he had trouble in Republican primaries. Dr Gillian Phd Thesis! He is a fiscal conservative and a military hawk, but also believes in dignity of work essay for 10 class, funding education, and that abortion should be “legal, safe and rare.” Nor does he always suffer fools gladly. By the way, I didn’t mention his day job.

He is an otolaryngologist, which we civilians call an ear, nose and throat surgeon, and dr gillian mckeith, is still happily practicing medicine. That is, when he isn’t teaching at the University of Michigan’s Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy. Good Thesis! Schwarz understands health care issues, and I was curious about mckeith, our medical school explosion. The U of M has a medical school; Wayne State has one; Michigan State has two; Oakland University and Beaumont Hospital have started one, and Western Michigan is now starting one. Is that too many? Will we be producing too many doctors? That’s a good question, the good doctor told me, but not the most important one.

When all these medical schools are up and running, they’ll be producing something like six hundred and ninety doctors a year, trained largely at state expense. If current trends continue, about camus essay, half will eventually leave the state and practice elsewhere. My guess, given our situation, is that the real figure will be considerably higher. There are areas of dr gillian phd thesis, this state which are under-served by of work for 10 physicians; other places, like the rich sections of Oakland County, where doctors are thick on the ground. Dr Gillian Mckeith Phd Thesis! But the on suicide, biggest problem is what the new doctors are specializing in.

What’s needed most are family practitioners. Dr Gillian Mckeith! These days, fewer than five percent of new doctors want to dignity of work for 10 class go into family practice, in large part because they make less than specialists. Joe Schwarz has a solution for phd thesis that: Michigan should offer full-ride scholarships to on suicide fifty students a year interested in family practice, or maybe pediatrics. In return, they’d agree to practice medicine in this state for at least eight years. Otherwise, they’d have to pay Michigan back the two hundred thousand or so it cost to train them. That might cost the mckeith phd thesis, state five million or so a year. But it strikes me as excellent public policy, and virtually pocket change in good on suicide, a state that spends nearly two billion a year on prisons. Reinventing Michigan means more than just cutting taxes; we also need to invest for the future.

My guess is that Governor Snyder put some money aside for his kids’ education. Investing in family doctors sounds to me like a good way to invest in our entire state.

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New Diary of mckeith, Roxy Collins Part 15 The Fitness Instructor #ASMSG #Romance. Every Thursday you can read Roxy’s latest diary entry. They record the emotional highs and lows of her new serious relationship with Marcus, the man of her dreams. He lives on the posh side of town, drives a flash car and doesn’t mind her wild kids or the , wobbly bits on dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, her hips and thighs. Comparative. Has Roxy finally found true love? How will their new relationship survive when Roxy enters the TV talent show ‘Search For a Star?

All previous episodes are stored here. I open my front door, expecting to see Useful Kim, Orange Lorna, Shaz and a fitness instructor called Felix, who knows Useful Kim. Instead I find Jon, Matilda’s father, stood on my doorstep. “Hello,” he says, looking forlorn. “Can I come in?” Timing is everything with my ex-partners. They seem to know when I am busy, stressed or about to enjoy myself. “It is not a great time as I am on my way out.” I glance up and down the street for my friends. Jon places a hand on my arm. “Please, Roxy, I need to talk to someone and you give great advice on dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, relationships.”

I let out a silent scream and curse myself for being great at giving other people relationship advice. I gesture for effects junk food him to come in. We head for the kitchen where he slumps into a chair. “What’s up?” I ask, flicking on the kettle. He sweeps back his floppy blonde fringe, revealing two watery pink eyes. “Paul and I are having problems.”

“Oh,” I say, taking the chair next to him. Jon turns to face me. “His butcher shop is doing really well, which means we don’t get to phd thesis see each other anymore.” I watch him hang his head. “Paul and I don’t go out thesis, like we used to dr gillian mckeith and when we do he’s always tired.” I rub Jon’s shoulder. Camus Essay. “Have you talked to him?” He nods. “Apparently he’s trying his best and he doesn’t need me moaning.” I go to give Jon a hug and notice his sparkling diamond ear stud. “Wow, did Paul buy you that?”

Jon’s fumbles with his earring. “I bet you are thinking I am being horrid, complaining about Paul when he buys me wonderful things, allows me to phd thesis travel abroad to essay effects junk children do my DJ sets and works all the great 7, hours there are, to mckeith phd thesis make his business a success.” I roll my eyes at him. “Jon, I would love a hard-working boyfriend, who buys me expensive gifts, allows me to camus essay do what I want and gets me quality cuts of meat at a good price.” He watches me get up from my chair and take down two mugs. “You need to talk to Paul. His business means a lot to him so I get why he’s working all hours.” Jon exhales loudly. “Yea, I know I am being too demanding.” He stretches out his arms. “Oh, I forgot to mckeith phd thesis ask, are you going out of work for 10 class, anywhere nice?” I pour hot water into two mugs and plop in a tea bag. “The live shows start on dr gillian mckeith, Saturday.

I have been worried about looking fat on TV, so my mate, has organised for me and the girls to essay junk food spend the day with a fitness instructor.” Jon stands and grabs the milk from the dr gillian mckeith, fridge. “You looked alright on essay chapter 7, TV the other night?” I can feel my cheeks reddening. Jon watched my dreaded audition. “Paul said one of the lads in his shop fancied you.” I quickly stir our tea and dismiss the thought of a young butcher having the hots for me. “Roxy, did you mean to dr gillian mckeith kiss the essay effects food, poor judge like that?” A cheeky smile is mckeith, spreading across Jon’s tanned face. “Like he was the last man on the planet?” I give Jon a playful swipe. About Culture Different. “It was an accident !”

Jon chuckles and takes a sip of his tea. “You did make me laugh, Roxy.” “Enough about me, what are you going to do about chapter, Paul?” Jon sits back in his chair. Dr Gillian. “We’re arguing a lot. It’s getting us both down. He is worried I am going to meet someone else.” I resume my position next to him. “You’re not are you?” I glare at dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, him. “I hope you are not thinking about about culture different, meeting someone else, Jon?” He fiddles with a teaspoon lying on the table. “It’s really tough at the moment, Roxy. I hardly see him.”

I give his arm a rub. “Come on, why don’t you do something nice and take him out dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, tonight? Surprise him?” “Are you still seeing that chap called Marcus?” Jon asks, ignoring my impromptu date night idea. At the essay effects food children, mention of his name a swarm of butterflies break free into my chest. “No, we split up.” I exhale loudly. “He’s seeing someone else now.

I saw him getting out of a taxi with her. I don’t know what went wrong between us. Dr Gillian. Actually I do know, I got carried away with my emotions after singing Cher and falling into Hugo Rocco’s lap. It was a silly thing to do.” “Maybe you were not right for each other?” I shake my head. “Marcus and I were right for good each other.

I can see that now. When we were dating all we did was question our relationship, but now it’s over dr gillian mckeith, I can see that it was right.” “So, what are you going to do?” asks Jon. After taking a sip of tea I shrug my shoulders. “Keep missing him and just hope this other woman doesn’t work out.” Jon frowns. “Why don’t you tell him how you feel?” “No he won’t listen. The other issue we have is that every time we see other my life goes a bit crazy. I think it scares him.” “Roxy, I have known you since we were thirteen and your life is crazy all of the time . Marcus perhaps needs to understand a relationship with you involves a little bit of crazy time.”

I nod. Essay For 10 Class. “Jon, you might be right.” A loud knock at dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, the front door distracts us. I jump up to answer it. Shaz, Useful Kim and Orange Lorna troop past me, whilst deep in conversation. “It’s a lovely shade of brown, but it comes off on my dates,” explains Orange Lorna, walking into the kitchen. “Me and this guy kissed so much in the cinema when we came out his face, neck, shirt and trousers were covered in brown stains. He had a fit and I told him to stop being precious about his designer clothes as once we got back to my flat he wouldn’t be wearing them.”

Orange Lorna spins round to see Jon and squeals. “OMG, Roxy WHO IS THIS?” Shaz places her hand on Orange Lorna’s shoulder. “This is dr gillian phd thesis, Jon, Roxy’s ex.” Orange Lorna twirls a stand of comparative, peroxide blonde hair around a bronzed finger and wets her lips. “Roxy, why have you not introduced me to Jon before?” We all watch Orange Lorna take a seat next to Jon and gaze longingly into his blue eyes. I don’t think Orange Lorna knows about mckeith phd thesis, Jon being gay. Great Gatsby Questions Chapter. Shaz reads my mind and whispers. Great Gatsby Essay. “Don’t tell her, it’s hilarious to watch.” I catch sight of Useful Kim’s outfit. She’s wearing a gigantic leopard print leotard over bright pink leggings. Around her tight black perm is a leopard print sweatband and on her feet are white trainers with flashing lights. “Do you like my new fitness look?” asks Useful Kim, placing her hands on her hips. Shaz rolls her eyes at me. “She has a thing for Felix, I think she wants to dr gillian make your Uncle Bob jealous.”

Useful Kim takes a sharp intake of breath. “Can we not mention his name again?” “You mean Texan Bob?” Shaz grins at Useful Kim and we are all reminded of the family evening where Useful Kim revealed she had got off with my Uncle Bob at a Western evening. Useful Kim had no idea ‘Texan Bob’ was related to me and we had no idea Uncle Bob spent his evenings going to bars dressed as a cowboy. “So, what’s this fitness instructor, Felix, like?” I ask, watching Orange Lorna inch closer to Jon. Shaz sighs. “Tall, dark and handsome.” “Sounds like my kind of guy,” pipes up Jon, sitting up in his chair. Orange Lorna shrieks with laughter. “Oh Jon, you are such a hoot! Can we have a selfie together?” She whips out questions chapter 7, her phone and pouts into the camera. “Felix is always late,” explains Useful Kim, as we all wait for the fitness instructor to turn up. “So, you’re a DJ?” purrs Orange Lorna, stroking Jon’s arm. “Tell me, what’s it like having so much musical power in phd thesis, a night club?”

A knock at of work essay for 10, my front door saves Jon and makes us all look up. I open it to find an attractive dark-haired man, beaming at me, with an dr gillian mckeith, amazing set of white teeth. He’s clad in a black lycra suit and a pair of of work class, cool shades rest on his head. “You must be Roxy,” he says, extending a tanned hand. “I am Felix.” He energetically bounds into my kitchen and all conversation stops. “Right then, who is ready for some exercise?” Jon shoots out of dr gillian, his seat, with an excited look on his face. Dignity Essay Class. “Me!” Orange Lorna clutches Jon’s arm. “Easy now, tiger, let me go change.”

Orange Lorna races into the kitchen wearing a bright pink Lycra leotard, an orange sweatband pulled tight over her peroxide blonde hair, bright green leg warmers and a pair of black Lycra tights. “You look lush!”exclaims Useful Kim. “Brings out your tan.” Orange Lorna gives her a wink and then struts over to Jon. Mckeith Phd Thesis. “I am ready for you now, tiger?” I glance over at Jon, who is culture, busy having an intense conversation with Felix about running. Something about the way Jon is staring at Felix is bugging me, but I can’t work out what it is. We are in the local park. Shaz, Orange Lorna, Useful Kim and I are all stood, gasping for air, with heaving chests and sweaty red faces. “Leave me here to die!” groans Useful Kim. Felix comes over and grins. Camus Essay. “Come on, ladies, that was just the dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, warm up!” I glare at Useful Kim. Felix was her idea and look at what state we are all in great gatsby essay questions chapter, after six minutes.

Why do I listen to Useful Kim? Shaz shakes her head. “Felix, I am begging you, no more!” Jon jogs over and gives Orange Lorna a friendly smile. She pouts at dr gillian, him and then catches sight of a brown trickle of about culture, false tan, making its way down her plump arm. “Ugh! I don’t need this when I have a hot man coming onto me!” Felix and Jon have gone for a run in the wooded section of the park, leaving us to lie down on the grass.

“Roxy,” says Shaz, rolling onto her side. “Do you think Jon fancies Felix?” Orange Lorna sits bolt upright. Essay About Different. “I think you’ll find Jon fancies me. A couple of times I have caught him staring at me.” We all give Orange Lorna a puzzled look. “Sorry, Roxy,” she giggles. “I can’t help it if your handsome ex finds me attractive.” Useful Kim gives Orange Lorna a playful swipe. Dr Gillian Phd Thesis. “You’re not his type.” Shaz’s comment about Jon fades in my mind as I am distracted by the park scenery. Great Essay Questions 7. It has brought back loads of mckeith phd thesis, memories of Marcus and I on our dog walking trips, which involved a lot of kissing behind trees. A fluttery feeling takes over my chest, quickly followed by a dull ache.

Marcus has found another woman. Dr Gillian Phd Thesis. I saw them getting out of the taxi. It’s over. Shouts from behind make us sit up. Jon is racing over to me, holding his ear. “I have lost my earring, help!” Jon nods and in dr gillian, a panic-stricken voice says, “Oh Roxy, what am I going to do?” “It must have come off whilst you were running,” I say, noticing Shaz is of work essay, giving me a worried look. Felix comes to mckeith phd thesis stand by Jon.

They both flick their eyes to the floor. “It was an accident,” mumbles Jon. “I mean what happened after our run was an comparative, accident. It shouldn’t have happened. I just…” I raise my hand. Mckeith. “Think we’ve heard enough, Jon.”

We are all on our hands and knees, searching a secluded spot, underneath an oak tree, for on suicide an earring. Felix, Jon and I have crawled under a large patch of undergrowth, as Felix thinks he can see something sparkling. “I can’t see anything,” I say, scanning the dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, leaf coated ground. Useful Kim and Orange Lorna have also squeezed themselves under too. “I think this is a trick,” says Orange Lorna. “Jon is an outdoors type and wants to kiss me in foliage.” Useful Kim sighs. “How many times? You are NOT his type.” “Paul is going to camus essay kill me.” mumbles Jon. “I GIVE UP!” I am fed up with the search and irritated with Jon for getting himself and us in of work essay class, this mess.

I push my way through to the other side of the undergrowth. “Roxy, we must find it,” shouts Jon. “IT IS TINY!” I shout, emerging head first onto a path and coming face to face with a pair of essay culture different, familiar trainers. As I look up to see the dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, owner of the trainers, Jon and Felix climb out of the undergrowth. “Hello, Roxy,” says Marcus, with a look of horror on his face, as Felix and Jon nod at him and get to dr gillian mckeith their feet. Orange Lorna sticks her peroxide blonde head out beside me and says, “that is the last time I follow a hot man into a bush!” “Oh Marcus,” I say, scrambling to gatsby essay chapter my feet.

He shakes his head with an exasperated look. “What were you all doing in dr gillian phd thesis, that bush?” Jon’s earlier conversation echos in my head. “Just my crazy life.” As Marcus and I stare at each other a female voice shouts his name. I turn to see the attractive woman, from the taxi, running towards us with a playful large Labrador on a lead. Marcus turns away and smiles. “Roxy, this is , Gloria.” The woman sweeps her long brown hair away from her eyes and grins. Dr Gillian Mckeith. “So you’re the famous Roxy, who my brother keeps talking about?” “Gloria,” snaps Marcus as my insides melt. Jon comes over and places his arm over Marcus’s shoulders. “Marcus, you need to essay know that my ex, Roxy Collins , leads a crazy life. Once you accept this, you two will live happily ever after.” Marcus rubs his forehead. “Thank you but I am not sure my little heart can withstand another shoulder tattoo featuring the name of her boss, the dr gillian mckeith, formation of a pop girl band, bizarre family funerals and seeing her kiss a celebrity on TV.”

I fight back an camus essay, army of stinging tears and avoid Marcus’s stare. Jon slaps Marcus on the shoulder. “I don’t know you, Marcus but I can tell by the way you are looking at Roxy you are struggling to get her out of your head.” Gloria extends a hand to Jon. “My brother is really struggling. Of Work. He won’t shut up about her. Dr Gillian. I am Gloria, by gatsby questions 7 the way.” She flashes him a sexy smile. “Back off, Gloria,” says Orange Lorna, with her head still sticking out of the bush. “Jon’s mine.”

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A Comparison of L1 and dr gillian, L2 Reading: Cultural Differences and Schema. The University of dignity of work essay for 10 class Arizona, USA. eading in the L1 shares numerous important basic elements with reading in a second or foreign language, the processes also differ greatly. Mckeith! Intriguing questions involve whether there are two parallel cognitive processes at work, or whether there are processing strategies that accommodate both first and second languages. This paper will examine how reading in the L1 is different from and similar to reading in the L2. More specifically, factors of cultural differences: content (background knowledge) schema, formal (textual) schema, linguistic (language) schema, will be examined. Mckeith! Based on such a discussion, a profile of a biliterate reader is provided. This paper will examine how reading in the L1 is different from and similar to about different, reading in the L2. Dr Gillian Mckeith! More specifically, factors of cultural differences: content (background knowledge) schema, formal (textual) schema, linguistic (language) schema, will be examined. Based on such a discussion, a profile of a biliterate reader is provided. While the research in this domain encompasses a great deal of literature which cannot possibly be covered in its entirety here, it is hoped that this discussion will nonetheless provide readers with an overview in this area. Research on the theory of schema has had a great impact on understanding reading.

Researchers have identified several types of schemata. Content schema, which refers to a reader's background or world knowledge, provides readers with a foundation, a basis for comparison (Carrell Eisterhold, 1983; Carrell, Pharis, Liberto, 1989). Formal schema, often known as textual schema, refers to the organizational forms and camus essay, rhetorical structures of written texts. It can include knowledge of different text types and genres, and also includes the understanding that different types of texts use text organization, language structures, vocabulary, grammar, level of formality/register differently. Schooling and mckeith phd thesis, culture play the largest role in providing one with a knowledge base of of work essay for 10 class formal schemata. While formal schemata cover discourse level items, linguistic or language schemata include the dr gillian phd thesis, decoding features needed to recognize words and how they fit together in a sentence. First language readers, may through repeated examples, be able to generalize a pattern or guess the meaning of a word, which may not have initially been part of their linguistic schema. The building of linguistic schema in a second language can proceed in the much the same way.

From the above discussion it is evident that schema plays an important role in text comprehension, both in the L1 and L2 context. For example, whether reading in a first or second language, one can assume that both native and non-native readers will understand more of a text when they are familiar with content, formal, and phd thesis, linguistic schema. Thesis On Suicide! An L2 reader, however, who does not possess such knowledge can experience schema interference, or lack of comprehension- ideas which are examined further in the following discussion pertaining to relevant research in this area. Content Schema, Cultural Orientation, and Background Knowledge. Steffensen and Joag-Dev (1984) conducted a study using two descriptions of weddings both written in English. One was a descritption of an American wedding, while the other was of and Indian (subcontinent) wedding. Both the Indian students, for whom English was an L2, and the American students, for mckeith phd thesis whom English was the good on suicide, L1, read the descriptions and were asked to recall the dr gillian phd thesis, descriptions. Good! It was found that readers comprehended texts about their own cultures more accurately than the other. While the readers indicated that the words were easy to phd thesis, understand, the camus essay, unfamiliar cultural protocol of an Indian wedding made the passage more difficult to remember.

Johnson's (1981) study investigated the phd thesis, effects of the cultural origin of good on suicide prose on dr gillian mckeith, the reading comprehension of 46 Iranian intermediate advanced ESL students at the university level. Half of the subjects read the unadapted English texts of two stories, one from Iranian folklore and one from American folklore, while the other half read the essay food children, same stories in adapted English. Dr Gillian Mckeith Phd Thesis! The subjects' reading comprehension was tested through the use of multiple-choice questions. The recall questions and the texts were also given to 19 American subjects for comparison purposes. Results revealed that the cultural origin of the story had a greater effect on comprehension than syntactic or semantic complexity of the text.

In another study, Johnson (1982) compared ESL students' recall on a reading passage on comparative, Halloween. Seventy-two ESL students at the university level read a passage on the topic of Halloween. The passage contained both unfamiliar and familiar information based on the subjects' recent experience of the custom. Dr Gillian! Some subjects studied the meanings for unfamiliar words in the text. Results of recall protocols suggested that prior cultural experience prepared readers for comprehension of the familiar information about Halloween on the passage.

However, exposure to essay effects junk food children, the unfamiliar words did not seem to have a significant effect on dr gillian phd thesis, their reading comprehension. An interesting study was carried out by Kang (1992). Kang's study examined how second language readers filter information from second language texts through culture specific background knowledge. Korean graduate students with advanced English read stories and answered questions. A think-aloud protocol assessing their understanding and inferences indicated an essay different effect of culture specific schemata and inferences upon text comprehension. Although all the variables and factors surrounding the mckeith phd thesis, issues of how culture shapes background knowledge and influences reading are not fully understood, there is agreement that background knowledge is important, and good thesis, that content schema plays an integral role in reading comprehension. Overall, readers appeared to have a higher level of comprehension when the content was familiar to them. Given this, second language readers do not possess the mckeith phd thesis, same degree of content schema as first language readers, and hence, this can result in comprehension difficulties. Formal and Linguistic Schema and Text Comprehension. For the most part, these studies suggested that different types of text structure affected comprehension and recall (Bean, Potter, Clark, 1980; Carrell, 1984).

Some studies also showed that there may have differences among language groups as to gatsby, which text structures facilitated recall better (Carrell, 1984). For example, Carrell's (1984) study showed that Arabs remembered best from expository texts with comparison structures, next best from problem-solution structures and dr gillian phd thesis, collections of descriptions, and least well from causation structures. Asians, however, recalled best from texts with either problem-solution or causation structures, and of work for 10, least well from either comparison structures or collections of descriptions. These results; however, must be taken as suggestive as further studies examining the dr gillian, interaction of language background with text structure are needed. Regardless of these findings, as previously stated, it is important to recognize that organizational structures in text will differ across cultures. Stone's (1985) study examined whether language patterns found in English, which differed from those in Spanish, would have a significant effect on ESL learners' comprehension while reading English text. Average fifth grade readers were randomly assigned to either an initial Spanish-speaking group or an initial English speaking group.

Nine stories were developed for the study, three for each of three different language patterns categories: similar, moderately similar, and dissimilar. Measures included a retelling and comprehension questions. Results showed that on the retelling measures, the thesis, lowest scores were found on stories that were most dissimilar from the students' initial language, and oral reading errors increased as language pattern similarity decreased. Dr Gillian! The results support the contention that texts violating readers' expectations about language patterns can have disruptive effects. Over the essay food children, last few years, the field of contrastive rhetoric has emerged initiated by the work of mckeith Kaplan (1966).

Its areas of focus are the role of the first language conventions of discourse and rhetorical structure on L2 usage, as well as cognitive and cultural dimensions of transfer, particularly in relation to essay effects junk, writing. For the most part, contrastive rhetoric identifies problems in composition encountered by L2 writers and by referring to rhetorical strategies of the first language, attempts to explain them. It is clear that such differences in text structure can lead to difficulties in reading. Mauranen (1992) examined cohesion in both Finnish and English economic texts and found that Finnish writers employed relatively little metalanguage for organizing text and orienting the reader. Mckeith! In contrast, native English speakers used plenty of devices for essay about culture orienting the reader in terms of what is to phd thesis, follow in the text and how the reader should understand the different sections of the text. This pattern was found in their writing as well. Finnish writers used less demonstrative references than native English writers. Of Work For 10! Lindeberg (1988), in her examination of phd thesis text linguistic features, found differences between Finnish and English writers in terms of topic development and the functions of verbs.

Numerous differences have also been found in terms of writing styles between American-English and other languages. American students for example will often comment on phd thesis, the more theoretical and good on suicide, abstract essays of French writers whose essays lack the details and rhetorical patterns found in the American essay tradition. Dr Gillian Phd Thesis! Chinese writing is often described as being verbose, ornamental, and different, lacking in coherence from a Western point of view, while Japanese writing has been noted for good thesis differences in text organization. It appears that they prefer a specific-to-general pattern placing the general statement at the end of paragraphs (Connor, 1996). Phd Thesis! Lastly, it is important to camus essay, point out that The differences between the phd thesis, writing systems and rhetorical structures of the native language and the target language may be another factor that influence reading. Camus Essay! Orthographic systems vary widely and while some languages may contain many numbers of symbols, other languages contain a limited number. For example, Chinese calligraphy is a writing system with numerous symbols and dr gillian, one that has strong aesthetic elements thereby differing from Engish. Arabic also has a unique writing system in that it is written and read from right to left. These kinds of differences in writing systems can pose difficulties for second language readers. Undoubtedly, students reading in a second language will encounter such difficulties not faced by first language readers.

In summary, teachers must therefore be explicit about the structures of the thesis on suicide, materials the students are reading in the L2 class through which students can become aware of culturally shaped expectations about text and language. Dr Gillian! Connor (1996) provides an extensive survey on this issue and considers the types of differences between the native and target language that can interfere with text comprehensibility. Second language refers to the chronology of language learning; a second language being any language acquired after the native (Stern, 1983, p. 12). This definition implies a firmly developed native language. In addition, the term second language implies that the language is probably not spoken in the home. Furthermore, the comparative thesis, second language may contain a linguistic base that is mckeith syntactically, phonetically, semantically, and rhetorically distinct from the about different, target language. As previously discussed, schema plays an important role in reading comprehension.

An L2 reader who is not familiar with culturally based knowledge or content schema, or a reader who does not possess the same linguistic base as the L1 reader will encounter difficulties. Such difficulties may be greater when there is mckeith phd thesis a greater difference between the thesis, L1 and the L2. If for mckeith example, syntactic structure in a second language student's native language is for 10 class very different from that of the target language, a greater degree of cognitive restructuring is required (Segalowitz, 1986). Grabe (1991) also notes that students begin reading in an L2 with a different knowledge base than they had when starting to read in their L1. For example, L1 readers already have a sufficient vocabulary base and know thousands of words before they actually start to read. They also have some grammatical knowledge of their own language. L2 readers on the other hand, do not share these advantages. Furthermore, while the second language reader may have linguistic skills, they often do not have finely honed sociocultural skills, which often means that a second language reader is not equipped with the knowledge to perceive texts in a culturally authentic, culturally specific way, an dr gillian mckeith phd thesis idea related to lack of content schema.

The end result, comprehension, is good thesis based on linguistic data. Given the above discussion, a profile of dr gillian a biliterate reader can be offered. Biliteracy means that one can read in two more languages. The ability to read and read successfully implies text comprehension and the knowledge of which reading strategies and skills to good thesis on suicide, use, and under what conditions in the languages in question. Dr Gillian Phd Thesis! A biliterate reader in Spanish and English, for example, would mean that the reader is able to thesis, read successfully in both languages and would engage in some of the following reading behaviors to enhance reading comprehension and to read effectively.

Such a reader would overview text before reading, employ context clues such as titles, subheading, and diagrams, look for phd thesis important information while reading and pay greater attention to comparative, it than other information, attempt to relate important points in text to one another in order to understand the text as a whole, activate and dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, use prior knowledge to interpret text, (which includes content, formal, and linguistic schema), reconsider and revise hypotheses about the meaning of text based on text content, attempt to infer information from the text, attempt to determine the meaning of words not understood or recognized, monitor text comprehension, identify or infer main ideas, use strategies to great essay, remember text (paraphrasing, repetition, making notes, summarizing, self-questioning, etc), understand relationships between parts of text, recognize text structure, change reading strategies when comprehension is perceived not be proceeding smoothly; evaluate the qualities of mckeith text, reflect on and process additionally after a part has been read, and anticipate or plan for the use of knowledge gained from the reading. While this list is not prioritized or complete, it does provide one with a description of the characteristics of successful biliterate readers. Such a reader would employ these strategies and reading behaviors when reading in all languages. Furthermore, the biliterate reader, regardless of text type, language, or orthography would develop strategies and on suicide, schemas for dealing with different languages and texts. The biliterate reader therefore is a flexible reader and one who possesses the knowledge, skills and mckeith, strategies to accommodate to each language situation, and hence the dignity of work for 10 class, process of reading in either language will not be seen as different by the reader.

In summary, this paper has attempted to discuss some of the differences and similarities between reading in a first language and mckeith phd thesis, reading in a second language. Factors of cultural differences were considered with special attention directed to the role of schema and how this relates to text comprehension in an L1 and L2. There are certainly a number of other factors which would contribute to dr gillian phd thesis, the difference in L1 and L2 reading, but it hoped that this discussion shed some light on how cultural factors, namely differences in types of schema can contribute to this difference. While the two processes are also similar in some ways, it must be noted that students' perception of their reading difficulties are also similar in many ways across languages. Readers, especially L2 readers, can better understand some of camus essay those similarities.

Teachers must therefore question students about their reading and dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, reading behaviors, as students themselves can offer tremendous insights into camus essay both their L1 and L2 reading experiences.

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essay on poets © 2017 Steve Campsall. improve your poetry grades! Download Free English biz Guides. If you find poetry difficult then you're not alone. For many people, it's the most difficult aspect of the phd thesis English course. But. fear not as help and a higher grade are within reach. Read on!

Find time to give the English biz guide to essay writing a look over as it's been written to work alongside this one - click here to read this later . If you need help with a specific poet or poem, click here or on gatsby essay, a link below. If you're truly stuck you can also email the teacher at dr gillian English biz - you'll find a link on the first page of the site, here . What really must be covered in your coursework and exam answers? At the thesis core of any and every answer or essay about poetry must be your own interpretation of the poem or poems you are writing about. It is this alone that attracts the majority of marks. In a nutshell, the more subtly you interpret a poem - and give support for dr gillian your interpretation - the higher your marks, and grade, will be. Poems are rarely to be taken at face value. It is never the thesis literal meanings that will gain you any marks - it is exposing and mckeith phd thesis, discussing the poem's 'deeper meanings' that bring in the marks every time. When you interpret a poem, you seek to explain what you believe these 'hidden meanings' are, show how they have been created and discuss why this was done.

Remember: the meanings you seek exist 'between the lines'. It is the poet's use of essay culture, literary language that creates these layers of meaning . Phd Thesis. Poems, more than any other literary form, are dense with meanings created by this type of mckeith phd thesis, language. This is because poets have so little space in gatsby questions 7, which to condense as much meaning as possible. This is what makes understanding a poem sometimes very difficult - and dr gillian phd thesis, yet also, often, fascinating. Let's get one thing clear: interpretation never deals in facts . Chapter. An interpretation is always an opinion - an insight into what the poem might mean.

This is mckeith phd thesis, why examiners are never happy with students who do no more than trot out the opinions of others, those of their teacher or what they've found in a study guide, for example (examiners do read study guides, btw!). Examiners will always give the most marks to a student's original ideas - so long as they are valid and camus essay, are supported by close and careful reference to the poem itself. Whilst it is your own ideas that are needed, it is invariably easier to uncover the layers of meaning in a poem by discussing it with others . Mckeith. Somehow an interaction of minds brings about comparative thesis, clearer meaning and a moment when the penny drops. This does not mean you should copy others' ideas but do use such a discussion to develop your own interpretations. You might be one of the many who feel discussing poetry is dr gillian mckeith, not cool. Well, keep in mind that it's your grades that are at stake . Food. The exam is not a practice and you need to get the highest grade you can. So, what to mckeith, do?

For once, ignore being 'uncool' and get boosting those exam grades. Many students lose marks by going off at a tangent and misreading their poem. Essay Effects Junk Food Children. How can you avoid this and know that your interpretation is on the right lines? Here's a very worthwhile tip. How does all this work in dr gillian phd thesis, practice? Below is an example to help show you. It is camus essay, based on a just a couple of phd thesis, lines from the opening of the poem 'Half Caste' by thesis John Agard, a very witty poem that many of you will know.

Don't be put off if you don't know it, you'll be able to apply exactly the same ideas to any poem you are studying. You will see from this just how much can be 'squeezed' from only two lines of a poem. This is a key thing for you to appreciate. 'Excuse me standing on one leg I’m half-caste. Explain yuself wha yu mean when yu say half-caste. Phd Thesis. ' Agard opens his poem by creating an obvious contrast between the standard English of the opening line of the poem and the Caribbean dialect of the second. This creates a clear contrast which works to alert the reader to the fact that while both kinds of English create perfectly obvious meaning, only one kind is considered to be prestigious and 'proper' within educated circles.

Ironically, it is the dialect line that creates the more expressive meaning. In this way, Agard manages to open his poem and introduce a key theme. He wants the reader both to consider and reflect upon what is thought of as acceptable and what is looked down upon in British society. He shows us that 'half-caste' language is actually very good language and language that is capable of communicating its message well. Poetry has, as has been said above, been called the art of dr gillian phd thesis, 'saying the unsayable'. Undoubtedly some poems can seem to create meanings and emotions that seem well beyond the essay questions 7 words on the page. Language can be a very mysterious and wonderful thing! Hopefully, you will come to enjoy at mckeith least some of the comparative poems you study at school but, to be realistic, some poems will, initially at dr gillian mckeith phd thesis least, appear worryingly difficult. One of the difficulties with a poem is connected with its form - generally speaking, poems are short and this means that poets look for ways to squeeze the maximum meaning and feeling into them. Poems are often dense with meaning and unlocking these multi-layered meanings requires patience and dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, skill.

But it can be very satisfying - a poem can be like a riddle, fun to camus essay, crack! This english biz guide will help you 'unpick' a poem and dr gillian mckeith, enable you to work out just what the poet is of work class, trying to say, how the poem is dr gillian mckeith, 'working' and why this is being done - the poet's purpose . Oh, and finally, you'll find out what gains most marks - as well as how you can get them! Click here to mckeith phd thesis, read a poem that many people feel has magical qualities; and here is another! Of course, individuals react differently to such poems but many students seem to enjoy these two poems. Appreciating the subtleties of a complex poem in classroom conditions is far from ideal. This means that it will be necessary to find a quiet place and time at essay for 10 class home with mobile phone, MP3 player and TV all switched off when you can re-read your poems. Even better, find a friend to read and discuss the poem with - two heads are far better than one when it comes to understanding a complex poem. An odd but useful thing about a poem is that if you leave a day between reading it, some of the poem's extra layers of dr gillian mckeith, meaning seem to become more apparent when you read the poem again.

It's as if the brain has subconsciously 'worked' on thesis on suicide, the poem in between readings. Reading for Meaning. Quite a useful thing to dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, do when you first begin your work on analysing a poem is to. forget it's a poem! Odd as this sounds, your first task is not to dig for hidden meanings but to comparative, be sure you've understood the poem's 'story' - that is, what it is mckeith, generally all about. This can be called the poem's ' big picture '. It's true that in your essay that this will be one of things to which you will be devoting precious little space BUT you simply cannot proceed without it. So, when you first read any poem, first of all, read it for about different meaning . These questions will get you on your way: Make a note of who is doing the speaking in the poem - what kind of person and in what kind of state or mood?

By the way, never assume it's the poet: instead, think of dr gillian phd thesis, it as an imagined poetic persona . Poets often like to explore all kinds of camus essay, aspects of phd thesis, life in dignity of work class, their work and this can mean that they try to write from mckeith, different viewpoints, for camus essay example an dr gillian mckeith, older male poet can write as a young boy, or even girl! Now work out who is essay culture, being spoken to or addressed? (Yes - it could be you, the poem's reader, or it might be an imaginary person. Dr Gillian. Often, you a poem can seem to be spoken thoughts such as in a monologue , or it could be one half of an imaginary conversation. Think about just what is being spoken about? (What is the effects junk children subject matter being discussed?). Now - and this is crucial to a good understanding - work out exactly what tone of voice or manner of the speaking voice? (Is the speaker sounding worried, reflective, nostalgic, mournful, happy, concerned, angry, for example?). Importantly, does the tone of voice change during the poem?

Make a note of dr gillian mckeith, where this occurs. Finally, where do the events of the poem happen and what is the situation surrounding them ? When you read your poem, simply read it as a group of sentences, forgetting the fact that these sentences have been split into lines . At the end of each sentence (i.e. Thesis. stop reading at each full stop or, maybe, at each semicolon - ; ), work out what the mckeith meaning is so far. Spend time thinking about dignity of work essay for 10 class, this and perhaps note the mckeith phd thesis idea down on the poem itself at about culture different the side of that part of the poem (this is called annotating the dr gillian mckeith phd thesis text). This is often the easiest and surest way to find out what the poet is trying to say. You can consider the effects of other poetic devices the thesis poet has used, such as the way the lines cut up the sentences, the use of rhythm and dr gillian, rhyme , alliteration and so on later. Of course, this doesn't always work - some poems are, let's face it, especially difficult to understand! They might even lack any punctuation so have no apparent sentences. If you find this to dignity essay for 10, be the case, try searching for a study guide to your poem by clicking here or here - or, of course, ask your teacher or a friend for help. If you are still struggling to get to grips with your poem, read it a few more times and, this is the important bit! - leave time between readings (of course, in an exam, this is not possible). A useful tip : Most people race through poems using a dull voice. Dr Gillian. Try reading your poems quite S-L-O-W-L-Y . Even better (in fact, far better!) is to read the poem aloud ? Oh yes, you really should!

Find a quiet place, or read with a friend. Camus Essay. Put embarrassment to one side for the sake of a higher grade! Reading aloud is a very effective way of getting 'beneath' the poem's surface and finding its more subtle meanings. But what you have to do is avoid a mouse-like monotone and instead try to dr gillian phd thesis, achieve the voice the writer of the poem intended (and this won't be mouse like!!). Click here to listen to a clip of the GCSE poet John Agard reading a part of essay culture, his poem, 'Half Caste'. You'll see from this just how much more a dramatic reading of some poems can reveal. Always avoid reading the phd thesis poem in an overly stylised way , i.e. in a non-conversational voice! Modern poems, especially, are often best read in camus essay, a normal speaking voice - but it will be a voice with a distinct quality . Do always try to capture this distinctiveness.

Shakespeare had a strong Stratford accent apparently - why, then, do we pretend he didn't when we read his plays? The poem's images will, for sure, be there and the poet has created them to guide you towards a fuller understanding of the poem's content and messages . Try hard not to be overly ingenious as this leads you finding meanings that are not there . Dr Gillian. This is a classic problem with even the brightest students when reading poems. Thesis. Meanings are never 'hidden' - they are always 'there' - maybe 'under the surface', but always 'there'. And they are always consistent with the whole poem. A poem's deeper meaning might not always be easy to dr gillian mckeith, get hold of, but it will be there to find - and - very helpfully and importantly - it will be coherent . Coherence is an important quality of all literature, poems included. Essay Junk Food Children. It means that the meanings in the poem will all be developed and dr gillian, reinforced logically as the poem progresses . . The first line always contributes to the overall meaning, as do all other lines.

If you do think you've found a meaning in a poem and it does not contribute in some obvious way to the overall meaning of the whole poem , you are almost certainly off track and misreading the mckeith poem: a classic way to dignity of work for 10 class, lose marks! Click here to listen to John Agard reading a part of dr gillian, his poem, Half-Caste . Notice the slow and emphatic nature of his voice. If you take a leaf from his book and read your poems slowly and dramatically you will obtain far more meaning from your poems - and thesis on suicide, gain higher grades ! Writing your essay. Writing an dr gillian phd thesis, essay about a poem needs the same skills that apply to all essay writing. The english biz essay writing guide is full of ideas that will help gain you a higher grade - be sure to read this - click here . As with all essays, you cannot hope to do well unless you know your text well . Only then will you be able to develop a sufficiently strong viewpoint from essay class, which to create the necessary argument that forms the basis of the best essays.

The best essays are written as if they were an dr gillian, argument - again, the Englishbiz guide has much more on this. What is your teacher or examiner actually looking for in your essays? You need to show that you have understood not just the poem's 'surface' meaning - try to show knowledge of its layers of meaning and its more subtle messages . You need to show you have understood how the poet has used language and poetic devices to phd thesis, help create and 'shape' create subtle underlying messages . You need to show you have recognised how meaning is developed across the essay for 10 whole poem - as each idea is explored and builds up into a coherent whole. How to do this to gain high marks. Read the essay question or title very carefully . You just wouldn't believe how many students answer a different answer to the one asked. Yes - they do, every year! If you are revising for an exam, ask your teacher to show you some past exam questions . There is mckeith, no better way to familiarise yourself with what is required in the exam and your teacher will be happy to mark any questions you try. Some exam boards now post downloadable past exam papers on their web sites . Highlight the key words of the essay question and be sure you address each of these in your answer - marks will be lost if you don't! In an good thesis, exam question, there will usually be bullet points to guide your response - you MUST cover the mckeith phd thesis points these mention as the exam marker gives marks based on these . If it is not clear in the essay question, decide which poem(s) will help you answer it. Work out exactly what is required of gatsby essay questions chapter, you.

Discussing the poet's life and dr gillian phd thesis, times, i.e. their context , rarely gains marks. It is often better to get on with your analysis of the poem(s) straight away. Be aware of any significant changes in emphasis and the tone of voice as the story, ideas or images of the poem unfolds. Work out good on suicide how and why these tones and changes in tone have been made to occur through particular choices of phd thesis, language or form . This is important as it will allow you to great gatsby questions 7, comment on the structure of the poem and this gains many marks. Be especially alert to the use of an ironic tone of voice. Irony is an important and dr gillian mckeith, frequent poetic device used by poets. Irony is an comparative, effective means of engaging the reader. Irony subtly shapes meaning and phd thesis, develops layers of meaning within the poem. As well as irony , poets frequently rely on the use of what is called ' figurative' language . It's very important to , notice where figurative language is used, the effect it creates and dr gillian mckeith, the purpose intended. Figurative language creates 'figures' or images in the mind's eye.

It is the use of culture different, description , metaphor , simile or personification . This common poetic device helps the poet to create and shape meaning. It also works to develop an emotional response in you, the reader. Figurative language works so well because it creates images in the mind - and as the old saying goes, 'a picture is worth a thousand words. '. Look at these opening lines and see how the images are created and dr gillian phd thesis, begin to work: I’ve known rivers:

I’ve known rivers ancient as the world and older than the. flow of human blood in human veins. My soul has grown deep like the rivers. from 'The Negro Sings of Rivers' by Langston Hughes. Read your poem through a sufficient number of times for you to good thesis, feel sure you have grasped its big picture . Finally, with the essay question firmly in mind , work out your response to dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, it. Essay About Culture. This is your own point of view on dr gillian phd thesis, which you will base your essay. An important way you can unlock subtle meanings in essay different, any text, but especially in a poem, is to look for the effects of binary oppositions . Click on the hyperlink if this idea intrigues you.

It is mckeith phd thesis, a guaranteed 'mark grabber' as it allows a very subtle response indeed to a poem (or any text). If you can discuss a text at the level of its binary oppositions , you will have at essay questions your disposal a sophisticated way of dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, analysing the subtle levels of meaning created in poetry - but this method is sophisticated and requires very careful thought. FOR A FULL GUIDE TO THIS FASCINATING ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE - CLICK HERE. Some more ways to unlock the dr gillian meaning of a poem. There is a key aspect to every poem you need to consider - the thesis one aspect that separates all poems from any other kind of dr gillian mckeith, writing: its form . You need to work out why the poet wrote it in lines! Writing in lines means the poem is composed in verse . Notice where the poet sliced up each sentence into shorter lines (and sometimes even across the stanzas of the great gatsby essay questions chapter 7 poem). Does it allow a special degree of emphasis to be placed on parts of the sentence that might have been lost if it was not 'sliced' up into lines - i.e. if it had been written as a piece of continuous prose ? See if you can work out how the dr gillian mckeith phd thesis poet's use form helps to emphasise certain words or ideas as these often act subtly to shape meaning . Remember that only poetry allows this 'playfulness' with form . Poets truly enjoy playing with the form of poetry - after all, that's why they like writing poetry! As well as choosing where to end a line or a verse (i.e. properly called a stanza ), or whether to use rhythm or rhyme , there are many other ways in which a poet can play around with the camus essay form of language to add to the meaning: Some lines might seem to end quite abruptly - even without using a full stop.

This can be used to create subtle effects. For example, an mckeith phd thesis, end-stopped line can lead to a useful pause occurring before you read on thus creating emphasis (see the technical term caesura below). Some lines might 'run on' into the next line or even the next stanza. Poets also sometimes create the effect of an extended pause between words, phrases or lines - again with or without using punctuation to achieve this effect. This enforced mini-pause is called a caesura . This is camus essay, a subtle effect that leads to an emphasis or a pause for dr gillian thought being created. Some I mportant 'Poetic Devices' Alliteration is the essay junk food repeating of mckeith, initial sounds as in William Blake's poem The Tyger: ' T yger! T yger! B urning b right!'. This often creates emphasis and, like the use of comparative, rhythm and dr gillian phd thesis, rhyme , makes words memorable. It can also help to create a different tone - depending on comparative thesis, which consonants are alliterated.

Alliteration using consonants such as 's' or 'f' will create a softer tone of voice. Alliteration created using harsher consonants such as 'b' or 'd' can create a harsh even angry tone. Always try to work out the dr gillian mckeith phd thesis tone of voice within your poem and note how and where this changes . A ssonance is the term used for the repetition of thesis on suicide, vowel sounds within consecutive words as in, 'rags of gr ee n w ee d hung down. '. Vowel sounds are always softer sounding and can add to the quality of the tone of dr gillian, voice within the poem, perhaps creating a sense of softness of mood or romance . A combination of of work class, soft consonants and long vowels can create a particularly gentle tone. Rhyme is when the final sounds of words are the same and are repeated either within a line (this is called internal rhyme , as in 'I bring fresh showers for dr gillian the thirsting flowers ') or at the end of questions, two lines (this is called end rhyme ). Work our the effect rhyme creates. Mckeith. Does it make the poem more memorable? Does it add to the 'feel', the meaning or the tone in a useful way? Does it create a happy sense that 'all is well with the world'? Often 'sound effects' created by using the form of words help to suggest a particular tone of voice . For example, repeated hard consonants called 'plosive consonants' (b, p, c, k, d, etc.) can suggest harshness or anger, whereas soft consonants (sh, ch, s, f, m, etc.) or 'long' internal vowels (e.g. the s oo n the sh ow ers of au tumn') can suggest a calm or romantic quality. Rhyme can also suggest or add a sense of control or harmony as if 'all is well with the world', whereas half-rhyme (e.g. moan/mourn, years/yours) can suggest a wish for harmony or the presence of discord . Repetition of comparative thesis, important words and phd thesis, phrases can help shape meaning because it adds emphasis . Are the stanzas (i.e. what many students wrongly call 'verses') regular in of work essay, line length, size and shape with a repeating, regular rhythm?

This is typical of older more traditional British poetry and hints at that sense of 'control' and dr gillian mckeith phd thesis, 'harmony' that seemed to great gatsby essay questions chapter, exist in earlier days before the great loss of religious faith or questioning of values of today. Poems with irregular line lengths and dr gillian, no obvious rhythm or rhyme look and sound very different from gatsby essay 7, traditional poetry. These poems are called free verse or, technically, 'vers libre' and can be a way of suggesting lack of control or lack of harmony . Look at the way the structure or sequence of ideas builds up in the poem (perhaps through a sequence of images ); make a note of the effect of this sequencing of ideas or images and dr gillian, how it adds to the overall effect and meaning of the poem. Finally, notice if any particular words and good, phrases stand out in a particularly poetic way. These words and phrases deserve extra thought as they probably contain layers of meaning or create imagery and ideas. Maybe the words are ironic or metaphorical?

Perhaps they create a vivid image , for example. These effects act to draw you deeper into the world of the poem by engaging your attention - a sure sign that the poem is 'working' on you! In your mind, 'become' the poet and ask yourself these revealing questions: 1. What is 'your' poem about generally (e.g. Dr Gillian Mckeith Phd Thesis. 'war') and in particular (e.g. 'the horror of , fighting in trench warfare'). For example, were you trying to help your reader to understand some aspect of society or human life more clearly? What was your intention or purpose? 3. What motivated you to write about dr gillian mckeith, such a subject? Were you affected by your circumstances : the beliefs, values and , attitudes you hold to compared to the general beliefs, attitudes and values of your society or its leaders (i.e. Phd Thesis. your society's dominant ideologies )? 4. Were there any literary traditions or fashions that affected the style in comparative, which you wrote?

Why was this? You will frequently be asked to mckeith, write about more than one poem and this does add an extra layer of difficulty. However, if you are writing an argument essay , the camus essay difficulty is lessened dramatically because you are using the phd thesis poems to support your own argument rather than writing directly about the poems themselves. Aspects of each poem will, therefore, naturally find their way into your essay as you write in support of the various points you are making to support your argument. It is, therefore, always best to compare and thesis, contrast the ideas each poet explores as you proceed - and this is best done as providing support for dr gillian phd thesis your own argument. In each paragraph you write, you should aim to discuss a comparable or contrasting aspect chosen from dignity of work essay class, each poem (and, as before, you must use the 'point-quotation-comment' method) that helps develop a point that supports your overall argument as stated in your opening paragraph.

If you find this difficult (and it can be - especially under examination conditions), the alternative is to write an 'exploring essay'. In this kind of essay, you analyse and write about your first poem fully before moving on to your second poem, then, as you write about the second poem, you must take the chance frequently to refer back to phd thesis, the first poem when you find a suitable point of comparison or contrast. N ever forget to compare and contrast! This is a part of the mark scheme in this type of question. FIVE TOP TIPS FOR SUCCESS. 1. Know your poems well. 2. Analyse closely analysis and develop subtle insights. Only a close analysis of the poem will allow you to good on suicide, develop subtle insights into dr gillian mckeith, the poet's reasons and dignity essay class, methods. It is the consistency, clarity, depth and dr gillian mckeith, subtlety of dignity of work for 10 class, your analysis and mckeith phd thesis, insights that will gain the highest marks. 3. Use the P.E.E. method of analysis. 4. Never look for and find what isn't there ! Poems can be difficult so when you are thinking about the deeper levels of a poem's meaning, it is all too easy to be overly ingenious . Do not find meanings that are not really there.

If a particular meaning exists within a part of a poem, it will be consistent with (i.e. help out the meaning of. ) the whole poem - it will never just apply to culture different, a single line or phrase. If you think a line of poetry means something, make sure this fits in with what you think the poet is trying to say in the whole poem. A more obvious meaning is far more likely than a very obscure meaning. Always make sure that the words of dr gillian, your poem clearly support whatever points you want to make about it. Never be afraid to , use a lively style when you write; in phd thesis, fact, whilst remembering always to avoid slang and to use standard English , try hard to make your essay sound as individual and interesting as you are!

Avoid stuffiness and over-formality like the plague.