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Dec 18, 2017 Jon krakauer essay,
book report online Why do book reports strike terror in the hearts of most students? Simply, writing a book report is essay, not easy. A book report challenges students to think and assignment, write critically about what they’ve read. In the early elementary grades, extra support is given, often with book report worksheets that prompt students to write about jon krakauer a favorite character and other book details. Coursework! But as children progress through upper elementary, middle, and high school, they are expected to essay, write book reports independently. Paper Cover! At Time4Writing, we work with students on an individual basis to jon krakauer essay, develop their writing skills through online writing courses. Merchant Of Venice! We hope this roadmap helps your child navigate writing a school book report with a minimum amount of jon krakauer essay terror! How to Write a Book Report.
Before you write, read. There’s no substitute for reading the book. We Can Make For You! Choose a book you’ll enjoy—reading should be fun, not a chore! Read with a pen and paper at essay your side. Jotting down page numbers and notes about significant passages will be very useful when it comes time to capital, write. Remember, unless your book is essay, a personal copy, don’t write in the book itself. Capital Punishment Essays Outline! Use a Book Report Outline. After reading the book, you are ready to essay, start the writing process.
When writing a book report, or when answering any writing prompt, you#8217;ll find writing easier if you follow the brainstorming proven steps of the jon krakauer writing process: prewriting, writing, revising, editing, and publishing. In the first step, prewriting, you’ll plan what you want to say. An outline is should be aloud essay, a great prewriting tool for book reports. Jon Krakauer! Start your book report outline with the following five ideas. Each idea should correspond to a paragraph: 2. Summary of Book. 3. Book Details: Characters. 4. Ocr Salters Coursework! Book Details: Plot. 5. Essay! Evaluation and merchant of venice, Conclusion. In organizing your thoughts, jot down a few ideas for jon krakauer essay each of these paragraphs. Reminder: Every grade level (and teacher) has different requirements for book report content.
Review your teacher’s instructions before you create your book report outline. Most book reports begin with the basic information about the book: the be aloud book’s title, author, genre, and essay, publication information (publisher, number of we can assignment pages, and year published). Jon Krakauer! The opening paragraph is of venice cheat essay, also your opportunity to build interest by mentioning any unusual facts or circumstances about the jon krakauer writing of the book or noteworthy credentials of the author. Was the ocr salters coursework book a bestseller? Is the author a well-known authority on the subject? Book reports are personal, too, so it’s perfectly acceptable to state why you chose to read it. Jon Krakauer Essay! In the cover pages body of the book report—paragraphs two, three, and four—you’ll describe what the jon krakauer book is about. This is your chance to show you’ve read and understood the book. Assuming you’ve read a fiction book, below are helpful writing tips: Summary: Start this paragraph by writing an gre issue brainstorming, overview of the jon krakauer essay story, including its setting, time period, main characters, and plot.
Specify who tells the story (point of view) and the tone or atmosphere of the book. Is it a creepy tale of gre issue suspense or a lighthearted adventure? Character Details: In this paragraph, describe the main characters and essay, identify the major conflict or problem the main characters are trying to ocr salters, solve. Jon Krakauer Essay! You can also write another paragraph about the other characters in the book. Make Assignment! Plot Details: In writing about the jon krakauer plot, you don’t need to tell every detail of the story. Instead, focus on the main sequence of we can make events. You can discuss plot highlights, from the rising action to the book’s climax and conflict resolution. Make sure you mention the author’s use of jon krakauer essay any literary devices you’ve been studying in class. Book Reports on Non-fiction. Should Cellphones Be Aloud! If you are writing a book report on jon krakauer, a biography or other factual text, you’ll want to coursework help, devote the jon krakauer essay body of your book report to a description of the book’s subject and make assignment for you, the author’s points of view.
Use the chapter headings to help you present the author’s ideas and arguments in an orderly manner. As with a fictional plot, you don’t have to cover every argument made by essay the author. Instead, choose the main ideas and the ones most interesting to you. Ocr Salters! If you read a biography, write about some of the important events in the person’s life. Jon Krakauer Essay! Personal Evaluation and ocr salters chemistry coursework help, Conclusion.
You’ll like writing the essay final paragraph because it is ocr salters coursework help, here that you’ll be able to essay, offer your own critique of the of venice cheat book. Essay! What are the book’s strengths and weaknesses? Did the capital punishment outline book hold your interest? What did you learn from the jon krakauer essay book? If you read a work of brainstorming fiction, how did the book affect you? If you read non-fiction, were you swayed by essay the author’s arguments? Try to we can for you, be balanced in your opinions, and essay, support your statements with examples from the essay of water book.
Give your honest opinion of the jon krakauer book and whether or not you would recommend it to ocr salters chemistry coursework help, others. Revising, Editing, and essay, Publishing. Tolerance Essay! After you’ve drafted your book report, you’re ready to follow the jon krakauer next three steps of the writing process: revising, editing, and in school essay, publishing. Begin revising by jon krakauer reading your book report aloud or to a friend for feedback. As you edit, check your grammar and voltaire, use of the correct guidelines for essay book quotes and writing the research paper cover pages book title. Jon Krakauer! Give enough time to revising and editing, and your published book report will be that much better. Book Reports: A Type of Expository Essay. Essay! A book report is usually written as an jon krakauer essay, expository essay, although it can be written in other forms. Voltaire Essay! In some cases, a teacher will ask students to essay, take a point of essay brainstorming view when writing a book report.
Here is an example: “Explain why Hoot by essay Carl Hiiassen is the merchant cheat essay best American kid’s novel of the last decade. Please use examples.” This type of essay writing prompt requires a persuasive style of gre issue brainstorming writing. Teachers may also assign book reviews, which challenge students to essay, persuade their classmates to read or not read a particular book. If writing a book review, don’t reveal the ending! Rely on Your Writing Training to Write Book Reports. Of Venice! Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes and one-to-one, teacher-led instruction help in jon krakauer building students’ writing skills. Coursework Help! When students develop strong basic skills, they can succeed at any writing assignment, including a book report.
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Dec 18, 2017 Jon krakauer essay,
Lined Paper: If They Give You Lined Paper, Write Sideways. The Record Off The Record: Unofficial report of debate and votes in every SD 61 Greater Victoria School Board and jon krakauer essay Standing Committee meeting, and more. Trustee Voting Records: January 2012 – Present. This is an unofficial summary of all motions brought to Standing Committees and Board Meetings of School District 61 Greater Victoria (City of Victoria, Oak Bay, Esquimalt, View Royal, and part of Saanich) since January 2012, when I started my first term as Trustee, and all Trustees took office, after the cheat essay, November 2011 civic elections. This page is now a sticky post. Page links at bottom of page. Page 1 : Backgrounder (you are here)
Page 2 : Motions January 2012 – June 2012. Page 3 : Motions September 2012 – December 2012. Page 4 : Motions January 2013 – July 2013. Page 5 : Motions September 2013 – December 2013. Page 6 : Motions January 2014 – August 2014. Page 7 : September 2014 – December 2014. Page 9 : September 2015 – December 2015. Page 11: September, October, November, December 2016. Page 12: January 2017- June 2017. This post is an unofficial summary of all motions brought to Standing Committees and Board Meetings of School District 61 Greater Victoria (City of Victoria, Oak Bay, Esquimalt, View Royal, part of Saanich, and jon krakauer essay Traditional Territories of the Songhees and Esquimalt Nations) since January 2012, when I started my first term as Trustee after the November 2011 civic elections. (Now in a second term of four years, after November 2014 civic elections, results here.)
Minutes are approved or corrected at of venice cheat essay the next meeting of the same committee / next meeting of the Board. SD61 keeps a record of motions that carry but motions that are defeated can be interesting as well. In Camera meetings exclude the public. Jon Krakauer Essay! If there is a motion In Camera to report to the public and the majority approves via vote, specific motions decisions will be reported out in the public meeting. Voltaire! A more general, required report is on the District website for each In Camera meeting as “Section 72 Report” (see Section 72 of the BC School Act). All motions here can be read in jon krakauer context with rationales and highlights of debate in the Lined Paper post for that meeting.
Most motions on a Board meeting agenda (except for the unusual circumstance of help a motion from the floor) have been previously discussed at one of the Standing Committees (Education Policy Development, aka Ed Policy or Operations Policy and essay Planning, aka OPPS). If amendments are made this often takes place at the Standing Committee level where discussion and debate can be more lengthy, and include comments from the gre issue essay, public. Motions may be defeated at jon krakauer essay a Standing Committee, but the mover can still choose to bring that motion to the Board meeting. Motions that are carried by ocr salters chemistry help majority vote at a Standing Committee appear on the Board agenda as “recommended”. Sometimes senior administration presents a motion as “recommended”. For Robert’s Rules of jon krakauer essay Order terms defined, see any number of sources online, including Nancy Sylvester’s informative site, and the Robert’s Rules for ocr salters chemistry help, Dummies site. The current Robert’s Rules Newly Revised, 11th Edition is not available online. Motions in this post appear in summarized form. Ready? September 25/17: Board Meeting: Auditor’s Report, Dress Code In Limbo, Trustee $, 9 Budget Motions.
School Act Part 6 — Boards of Education Division 1 — Corporate Status and Meetings: Meetings and essay chair : 67 (5.1) Without limiting subsection (5), a board may establish procedures respecting the provision of voltaire tolerance advice by a district parents’ advisory council to the board. It’s time for a new format for this blog. With the change, here’s some history. When I was first elected in 2011, I came to the School District 61 Board fro a background of consistent application of Robert’s Rules in jon krakauer small meetings and in large meetings of 400 or more people. Everyone understood the voltaire, procedure of the debate, order was kept, and everyone knew how motions were disposed of. If you didn’t know Robert’s you’d be left behind as there was no patience for remaining ignorant of jon krakauer required process. As a representative of the teacher’s union local I attended SD61 Board meetings for for several years, thinking that this Board must be so much more sophisticated with Robert’s Rules than I, since I had little grasp of essay on scarcity of water what was going on. The meetings moved very fast. Jon Krakauer Essay! Other attendees could not understand how the meetings were conducted, either. However, once elected and immersed in the process of the Board, it became clear that Board and Committee meetings did not follow Robert’s, required by gre issue brainstorming SD61 Board Bylaw 9368 and hadn’t for some time, which is why no one really understood what was happening. “Out of Order”, used frequently and incorrectly by Chairs of the Board and Committees, really meant that the Chair didn’t like the motion and wanted it to go away.
Although enshrined Robert’s, challenging a ruling of the Chair was not allowed. (Bev Horsman , no longer on the board, was horrified by the idea of a challenge to the Chair saying, “That would undermine the Chair’s authority!” Imagine that. ) I brought a motion to the table to revise the relevant Bylaw [ at 8. A here] to include a provision for Challenge of the Chair’s ruling, as it exists in Robert’s rules of jon krakauer Order. We Can Assignment! Much opposition but eventually carried. Motions were recorded in minutes as simply carried or defeated. Trustee votes were not recorded, so citizens had no idea how people they had elected voted. I made a motion to have names attached to votes and published in the minutes so electors would know how people they elected voted on issues. My motion to record votes [February 2012] failed at Ed Policy in 2012 with intense pushback 5-4 [Orcherton: “Individual trustees can decide how transparent they want to be to the public.” ] But at the following Board meeting the motion carried unanimously, with five trustees who had argued vehemently against the motion suddenly changing their minds after media attention. Perhaps it became apparent that transparency for elected officials isn’t an option. I initiated [at 8.B here] a motion to have students at the Board table. Essay! They are now, not as I envisioned, but the presence is even better than I’d hoped. You can imagine given the lack of rules of engagement and arbitrary actions by Chairs that were supported 5-4, the kind of experiences that in camera meetings were. Chemistry Coursework Help! Because I can’t tell you.
A lot more that needed to change, and meetings have changed for the better, but not without unrelenting focus and effort on applying Robert’s Rules. RRO 11th Edition was bought and given to jon krakauer all Trustees. For You! I’m not sure that even now, all Trustees have read it. It’s not fun but required reading for the job. Just one example, below. Essay! Never mind that Board Bylaw 9368 requires that meetings use Robert’s Rules.
Jan 7/13: Motion from the floor: McNally: That any motion to refer be made and conducted according to Robert’s Rules of Order, with a mover, seconder, debate, and votes recorded. / Defeated. Against: Ferris, Horsman, Leonard, McEvoy, Orcherton For: Alpha, Loring-Kuhanga, McNally, Nohr . Coursework! So, anything can be referred by a Chair without a motion to do that or a recorded vote, to some other meeting. Some “referred” motions never resurfaced. [As of 2014, Robert’s is in force.] Some Trustees may still believe Robert’s is “bureaucratic bullshit”, but nevertheless the majority now accepts that the Board functions well according to Robert’s Rules. Now, if you know even the rudiments, you can follow debate and jon krakauer essay disposal of motions. Minutes make sense and are complete. There is cellphones in school no longer a need to record in essay detail what happened in ocr salters the meetings.
The essentials are captured in the minutes of the two standing committees and the Board meeting. posted on the SD61 website. Improving process and updating Policy and Regulations (which the majority bloc – Ferris, Horsman, Leonard, McEvoy, Orcherton – of the Board for the 2011 3 year term said would take too much time, and jon krakauer besides, “Trustees don’t get involved in Policy”) are well underway and continue, with two trustees the committee.Because yes they do get involved with Policy. Present: Ferris, Leonard, McNally, Loring-Kuhanga, Nohr, Watters, Whiteaker. Not Present: Orcherton, Paynter. The agenda was approved with a couple of additions. We Can Assignment For You! Minutes of June 26, August 21 approved. No business arising, no student achievement presentation. Essay! KPMG, the make, District Auditors, presented their analysis of the District’s financial statements and found them to jon krakauer essay be in order. In the Community Presentations section, five people spoke to essay the proposed SD 61 Dress Code motion. During the first presentation by jon krakauer Tasha Diamant, there were abusive comments being made to her that the Board could not hear, but there was apparent body language from a member of the public.
When Tasha had finished her presentation and was returning to her seat, the man who had been making remarks became more aggressive with his remarks, although people at the Board table still could hear only the odd word, not all of what was said. I heard only “weird”, which was bad enough. Two more women presented. Tasha moved away from the commenting man to another seat, stood up and called out what had happened and the man denied it; the next presenter, Max, said what he had heard, supported what Tasha had said, and essay brainstorming called for action. The Board Chair was asked to direct the abusive individual to leave, by various people in the meeting. Essay! Nothing like this had ever happened in this meeting room before.
The chair asked and then directed the voltaire essay, man to leave. He argued, two male senior administration rose, and jon krakauer essay followed the individual and his friend out of the room . The final presenter, Renay, made her presentation in voltaire support of the motion. They are all on SD61 video on the website. The incident is in Part 1, at 26 minutes 10 seconds. The incident needs close attention in a debrief, development of clear protocol for such breaches in conduct / threatening behaviour, and jon krakauer possibly a reconfiguration of the room to ensure that all in the room can hear everyone.
This is the motion that carried at Ed Policy on September 11th, and which the Board intended to debate at this meeting: The Board of chemistry coursework help SD61 (Greater Victoria) accepts the essay, following recommendation: The School Code of Conduct will not include any other statements regarding expectations of dress, except for in school essay, the following: Our school is committed to creating a learning community that values diversity and is free of all forms of discrimination. In line with the BC Human Rights Code which prohibits discrimination on essay, the basis of an essay, individual’s: race, colour, ancestry, place of jon krakauer essay origin, religion, marital status, physical or mental disability, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression and age, promotes a climate of understanding and mutual respect where all are equal in dignity and rights. Actions through verbal or nonverbal communication (including clothing) must demonstrate support for the BC Human Rights Code. The meeting continued. The Victoria Confederation of Parent Advisory Councils President spoke against the motion, and essay brainstorming Trustee Deborah Nohr, who had previously spoken against the motion, moved to refer it back to the One Learning Community Committee (which made the recommendation to adopt it). Jon Krakauer! The motion to refer carried, which stopped any debate, and stopped anyone hearing any reasons why a Trustee would be be for or against it. Ferris, Leonard, Loring-Kuhanga, Nohr for referral; McNally, Watters, Whiteaker against referral, meaning let’s do this now; it’s been through two Committees.
Audrey Smith, president of the should cellphones essay, Victoria Confederation of Parent Advisory Councils , said there hasn’t yet been an official parent representative involved in discussions about the dress code. The mystifying part is, Smith was at jon krakauer the table and contributed when the code proposal was being discussed in meetings of the One Learning Community Committee and essay of water in india could have brought up the essay, “official” problem then. But how much more “official” does it have to get than the President of the should cellphones be aloud in school, Organization that (although it seldom if ever gets quirum at meetings) purports to represent parents of students in SD61? Reportedly Smith has since claimed she was misquoted by the TC reporter, but Trustees weren’t told this. I called the TC and management is investigating. [VCPAC – most parent groups simply go by jon krakauer essay DPAC, “District Parent Advisory Council” – was unable to get quorum [ a PAC rep from each of 15 schools ] for even one VCPAC meeting in the 2016-17 school year, and most of the time in coursework help years past . Essay! This is an we can for you, organization that presents itself though the jon krakauer, President’s statements as “the” voice of parents in for you SD61.
How was business conducted, if any was? So get out to your school PAC meeting and ask a lot of essay questions. Only one person gets to take the school PAC vote in we can make assignment issues to DPAC, though . Not one person, one vote. The rest of the meeting dealt with establishing a French Advisory ad hoc committee to meet at least annually [carried], that the Superintendent provide a report and recommendation on elementary counselling supports [carried], debate on trustee remuneration framed in the coming impact of 2019 Federal tax changes [carried], a motion to upgrade the upper Esquimalt High School Field [carried] and essay nine budget related motions [all carried]. [For years, the SD61 structural deficit climbed every year, but the essay on scarcity, current administrative team directed by current Board decisions have reduced it from over $8 million a couple of years ago to $3,700,000. With direction from the current Board, paying down the structural deficit is beginning to look very possible.] SD61 Structural Deficit : former Sec-Treas Ambeault. The public question period had three questions, one asking about the jon krakauer essay, legal basis for the district to collect funds from parents for playgrounds and essay one asking for policy on teachers teaching their own children (there isn’t one).
One was handed in from the floor written as required, something like” explain dress codes “, left behind by the individual who was ejected. Jon Krakauer Essay! [ Ok. Here.] Trustee Watters gave a Notice of make assignment Motion for the next Board meeting: That the Board direct the Superintendent to instruct principals to suspend enforcement of school dress codes pending completion of the One Learning Community Committee’s consultations and jon krakauer recommendations on dress codes. Adjourned 10:25 pm.
Please make an effort to maintain self-control. Sept 18/2017: Operations Policy Planning: Trustee $ / Long Term Facilities Plan. That the Board support in principle the upgrading of the upper Esquimalt High School Field and direct the Superintendent to have discussions with community partners regarding the capital requirements of the project. / Carried. Unanimous.(Leonard, Loring-Kuhanga, McNally, Paynter, Watters) Lined Paper is my personal record of and commentary on SD61 Board and Standing Committee meetings. Official, approved minutes are on the SD61 website, one month after the meeting. SD61 Greater Victoria School District includes students in Esquimalt, Oak Bay, Victoria, View Royal, parts of on scarcity in india Saanich and the Highlands, and the Traditional Territories of the Songhees and Esquimalt Nations. Sticky post: Motions and Trustee Voting Records January 2012 – June 2017.
Motions may be shortened but retain essential information. October 17/16, Whiteaker: That the Board amend Bylaw 9130 Standing Committees to remove the essay, words “with voting rights” from ocr salters chemistry help, Item #4 and Item #5. Jon Krakauer! / Carried. Unanimous. This had the essay, effect of allowing only members of the Standing Committee to vote on motions, though other Trustees, if they attend, can participate in the debate. The Chair of the Board ex officio member both Committees, with voting rights. Quorum is a majority of Trustee members on the committee. Members: McNally, Leonard, Paynter ; Board Chair Loring-Kuhanga ex officio (vote but not counted for quorum) Absent: Ferris, Orcherton. Dialogue with the Public is welcome during Standing Committee Meetings.
2. OPP minutes June 12 /17: SD61 minutes here; Lined Paper record here. 3. Business Arising from the minutes: McNally: P5 review of Grtr Victoria Foundation for Learning mandate report back to essay Board – timeline? Superintendent: October OPP. 4. Presentations to the Committee : [Your chance to present to the committee and engage in related dialogue with members of the help, Committee and other Trustees who choose to attend.] A. District Archives Update: Secretary-Treasurer Walsh and volunteer Wayne Bembridge reported. See Pp 10-11 agenda. (Judy Stevenson unable to attend.) Ina Uthoff work photo M Walsh. SD61 teacher Christina Johnson-Dean has written a series of biographies of women artists including Ina Uthoff.
A. Superintendent introduced Student Rep Saskia Van Beers, Esquimalt High School. A. Teacher Staffing Update: Colin Roberts, Director, HR Services: LOU #17 details terms and conditions associated with restoration of jon krakauer previous contract language. Essay! Two career fairs held by SD61 Ottawa, Edmonton, Calgary, Saskatoon, Victoria; special attention to teachers of French Immersion. From January 2017 to jon krakauer essay September 2017, 340 teachers offered employment in SD61. 7. Finance and Legal Affairs. A. Parent Education Fund: Deputy Superintendent Shelley Green: 6 pages of reports in on what schools did with the fund ($250 per PAC). $5000 of $7000 fund accessed. Paynter: This now a smoothly operating system? Deputy Superintendent: Have cut down some administration processes and awareness has built.
Nohr: Does the voltaire tolerance essay, $2000 roll over into the next $7000? (Yes.) McNally: What happens if there are rollovers and jon krakauer essay accumulation of gre issue brainstorming money? Deputy Superintendent: Will be reviewed in spring. B. Trustee Expenses and Remuneration: Mark Walsh, Secretary-Treasurer (P 21 agenda): Federal tax changes for 2019. Jon Krakauer Essay! The 1/3 of stipend that Trustees receive will not be tax free for expenses any longer. Trustees will submit expenses starting July 2018. Expenses will be budgeted separately from Trustee professional development. Recommended motions from Secretary-Treasurer: 1. That the cellphones be aloud, Board accept expense reimbursement claims as of jon krakauer July 2018 for Trustee expenses associated with carrying out their duties, to be approved by the Chair or Vice-Chair. 2. That the Board approve that Trustees shall submit pro-d requests to the Chair or Vice Chair for approval and that pro-d expenses be treated independently of expenses, and.
3. That the Board direct the essay, Superintendent to jon krakauer Amend Regulation 8230 Trustee Remuneration and assignment for you Expenses for jon krakauer, changes to the expense reimbursement and professional development procedures, and to reflect that trustee remuneration, including Chair and Vice Chair remuneration, be adjusted on an ongoing basis for coursework help, any salary percentage increases received by the BCTF/GVTA, and that trustee remuneration be amended as of January 2 018 to jon krakauer reflect the BCTF/GVTA increases that have occurred since the on scarcity of water, beginning of the current Board’s term. McNally: What happened to jon krakauer essay Ferris’ motion from around 2013? Secretary-Treasurer: Was never put into Policy or Regulations. Of Venice Cheat! McNally: #3 Great deal of jon krakauer essay difficulty with the Board Chair or Vice Chair approving professional development “requests”, which implies the chemistry, possibility of not approving them. Jon Krakauer! Amendment: Strike BCTF as the GVTA is the local we are concerned with. Whiteaker: Pro-d needs to be approved.What will be included in expenses? Business cards? Printer cartridges? Leonard: Chair and voltaire tolerance Vice Chair are part of the Board so shouldn’t be in the position of approval. Paynter: [Long discourse] McNally: hoping a motion or two will come from jon krakauer, Paynter’s speech. Would like ongoing updates to Trustees re how much is left in the fund / funds.
Paynter: Are those the we can for you, only groups we should peg to? Watters: Want a well-educated board. Have been skimping. Value for money – people don’t want to run. Need approval for jon krakauer essay, Pro D for accountability. Tying raise to BCTF/GVTA – does that create a conflict of brainstorming interest?
Whiteaker: Putting motion #2 on the floor. Essay! Paynter: Motion to strike an Ad Hoc Committee to tolerance report to OPPS October 2017 to essay examine practices and related procedures re business expenses and pro-d. Whiteaker: Motion to postpone Paynter’s motion until later in the meeting. Carried unanimously. For: Leonard, Loring-Kuhanga, McNally, Paynter, Watters.
Leonard: Moving motion #1, with amendment: Period after “duties”. / Carried. For: Leonard, McNally, Paynter, Watters Against: Loring-Kuhanga Leonard: Moving motion #2: McNally: Amendment: Delete “requests”, replace with “plans” or “intentions”. Defeated. For: McNally Against: Leonard, Loring-Kuhanga, Paynter, Watters Main motion: Carried. Unanimous. Motion #3 on the floor. Ocr Salters Chemistry Help! Leonard: Amendment: Remove “Chair and Vice Chair”. Chair and Vice Chair already get an allowance on jon krakauer, top of the base salary, which should not be part of the salary. / Carried. Unanimous. // McNally: Remove “BCTF”. / Carried. Make Assignment! For: Leonard, McNally, Watters Against: Loring-Kuhanga, Paynter Back to Paynter’s postponed motion: Motion to strike an Ad Hoc Committee to examine practices and jon krakauer essay related procedures re business expenses and pro-d, report to OPPS October 2017. We Can Assignment For You! / Carried. Unanimous.
8. Facilities Planning. A. Long Term Facilities Plan: Will be posted here. Secretary-Treasurer: Downtown core exploration. Predicted massive growth in downtown area but no Baragar data. Final manifestation of plan probably a year away. TOR will come to essay Board for merchant of venice, further discussion. Enrolment projections will be included. Nohr: Rockheights is down 130 in enrolment. Superintendent: Neighbourhood schools serve the neighbourhood.
Addressing this. B. Esquimalt High School All Weather Field : Secretary-Treasurer: Recommended motion : That the Board support in principle the essay, upgrading of the we can make for you, upper Esquimalt High School Field and direct the Superintendent to have discussions with community partners regarding the capital requirements of the project. / Carried. Unanimous.(Leonard, Loring-Kuhanga, McNally, Paynter, Watters) Student rep Meghan Scott: Why did the district spend $1.2 million at Oak Bay, and why looking to community for Esquimalt? Secretary-Treasurer: Oak Bay was entirely new school build.
The Ministry contributed $56 million, included amenities. Community also contributed. Esquimalt got windows and a new boiler, since there was no capital pot of $ to do any more. 9. Public Disclosure of essay Camera Items: None. A. Trustee Questions (to the Superintendent) McNally: Since SD61 schools are at max with International students, how will this affect South American and overseas recruiting trips by ISP staff?
Will this affect the budget in a positive way? Whiteaker: What is the reply to email to we can make for you trustees timeline policy now? / 48 hours or 3 days. Watters: Is there a way we can bring Trustees to jon krakauer the table with student reps ? / Recommendation on that is coming to ocr salters chemistry help the Board. They meet monthly. Jon Krakauer Essay! Trustees are welcome to attend.
12. General Announcements: None. Sept 11/17 Ed Policy: Dress Code, French Advisory Committee, Elementary School Counsellors. Lined Paper is my personal record of and merchant essay commentary on jon krakauer, SD61 Board and Standing Committee meetings. Official, approved minutes are on the SD61 website, one month after the meeting. SD61 Greater Victoria School District includes students in gre issue brainstorming Esquimalt, Oak Bay, Victoria, View Royal, parts of Saanich and the Highlands, and jon krakauer the Traditional Territories of the Songhees and Esquimalt Nations. Sticky post: Motions and Trustee Voting Records January 2012 – June 2017. Motions may be shortened but retain essential information. October 17/16, Whiteaker: That the Board amend Bylaw 9130 Standing Committees to tolerance essay remove the jon krakauer essay, words “with voting rights” from Item #4 and Item #5. Should! / Carried.
Unanimous. This had the effect of allowing only members of the Standing Committee to vote on motions, though other Trustees, if they attend, can participate in the debate. Jon Krakauer! The Chair of the Board ex officio member both Committees, with voting rights. Quorum is a majority of Trustee members on essay, the committee. Education Policy and Directions Standing Committee September 11 /17. Members: Ferris, Nohr, Orcherton , Whiteaker; Loring-Kuhanga ex officio (vote but not counted for quorum) Dialogue with the Public is welcome during Standing Committee Meetings. 2. Approval of Ed Policy Directions Minutes : Lined Paper link here. Minutes of June 5 /17 approved with corrections: Page 5 motion “deferred” should be “Motion postponed to definite time” as per RRO 11th Ed, p 179. Jon Krakauer! [ 100.00 In all meetings of the Board of gre issue Trustees, procedures shall be governed by jon krakauer Robert’s Rules of Order, except where provisions of the bylaws of the on scarcity, Board or the Schools Act may conflict, in essay which case the latter shall prevail. ] A. Student Representative: Superintendent introduces Meghan Scott, Esquimalt Secondary.
Esquimalt Secondary (absent) B. Coursework Help! Dress Code: Associate Superintendent Deb Whitten, lead: P 6 agenda (Interesting discussion at June 20 / 16 meeting), coming out of One Learning Community Ad Hoc Committee and Trustee Watters’ work with the District Gender and Sexuality Alliance and updates to the District’s related policy. recommendation aligns with the District values identified in essay the Strategic Plan. Recommended (P 6 agenda): School Codes of Conduct will include the cheat essay, following statement:1.Our school is committed to creating a learning community that values diversity and is free of jon krakauer essay all forms of discrimination. In line with the tolerance, BC Human Rights Code which prohibits discrimination on jon krakauer essay, the basis of an individual’s: race, colour, ancestry, place of origin, religion, marital status, physical or mental disability, sex,sexual orientation, gender identity or expression and age,insert school name promotes a climate of understanding and essay of water in india mutual respect where all are equal in dignity and rights.
Actions through verbal or nonverbal communication(including clothing) must demonstrate support for the BC Human Rights Code. And 2.The School Code of Conduct will not include any other statements regarding expectations of jon krakauer essay dress. Watters moved to amend; amendment and ocr salters help motion carried : For: Orcherton Whiteaker Against : Nohr. The Board of jon krakauer SD61 (Greater Victoria) accepts the merchant of venice, following recommendation: The School Code of Conduct will not include any other statements regarding expectations of dress, except for the following: Our school is committed to creating a learning community that values diversity and is free of all forms of discrimination. In line with the BC Human Rights Code which prohibits discrimination on the basis of an individual’s: race, colour, ancestry, place of origin, religion, marital status, physical or mental disability, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression and age, insert school name promotes a climate of understanding and mutual respect where all are equal in dignity and rights. Actions through verbal or nonverbal communication (including clothing) must demonstrate support for the BC Human Rights Code. Paynter: For consideration, Oregon Dress Code. Has basic requirements for dress.
Nohr: Recently has been concern at essay UVic gym re gluteal folds showing with some women’s shorts. A health issue. Concerned with scanty dress in schools on chemistry coursework, the part of some students. Whitten: Opportunity for a conversation with the individual in private, based on jon krakauer, respect and dignity. Watters: Each family has its own culture and hopefully decisions will be made in the home as a team. A learning curve for young people going out into the world to cheat present themselves well. Orcherton: Thanks to Nohr for her points. This are happening quickly in the diversity area. The will be instances where someone is jon krakauer essay not dressing appropriately.
If the recommendation is all there is, it takes away authority. Voltaire Essay! We are preparing students for life in the workplace and inappropriate dress will not be tolerated. Essay! Respect is something we teach. First impressions powerful. May be leaving it wide open; need some guidelines. Not just students, adults in schools need guidelines too. Essay! Can see problems, like the UVic concern with gluteal folds, otherwise known as the jon krakauer, “butt crack”.
McNally: Gluteal folds are not a health issue. This is women’s body shaming disguised as a health issue. And allow me to demonstrate where a “butt crack” [“ The intergluteal cleft, also known medically by various synonyms and colloquially as the “ butt crack ” … is the groove between the buttocks…” (Wikipedia)] is and where a gluteal fold is. [Does, fully clothed.] Dress codes are aimed at women, based on very old ideas (enshrined in some religions – thinking snakes, apples, women who want knowledge, fig leaves, clothing…) of women as virtuous, and the custodians of men’s behaviour which is fundamentally debased. Dress codes (“modesty”) bring those old ideas forward, putting women “in charge” and essay on scarcity of water in india responsible for men’s behaviour (though not in charge of much that counts). Dress codes demean boys and men by characterizing them as incapable of jon krakauer focus on anything but a woman’s body and that they need to be protected by more or less shrouding that temptation. Men are socialized from an early age to be “manly” and to react – as one Facebook commentator put it – as “mindless horndogs”.
It’s a great disrespect and demeaning to male / male identifying students to think they can’t stay with the be aloud essay, physics text if a woman / person identifying as a woman walks by. Jon Krakauer! Dress codes disrespect sexes and genders. In Victorian times the sight of a female ankle was thought to drive men mad with sexual desire. Now we laugh at that. Living for the day when the spaghetti strap type of issues and dress codes are laughable as well. Paynter: Back to the Oregon code. Some parts have to be covered. And Human Rights doesn’t cover swearing expressions, references to drugs or alcohol. Yes has to voltaire tolerance essay be conversation between parents and essay kids. Male appearing person in public seats: Confused about body shaming.
School should be providing excellent learning opportunities. If ankles are distracting we need to talk about chemistry coursework that. This proposed lack of dress code is not in the best interest of the essay, safety of my daughters. In India! Think about what these things will do to families.Talking about jon krakauer people showing up naked at school – using our children as pawns in cellphones essay some political agenda. SD61 schools may not be a safe place for my children. Recommended: That the jon krakauer, Board of Education of School District No. 61 (Greater Victoria) establish a French Advisory Ad Hoc Committee to ocr salters help meet at least annually, or as required . / Carried.
For: Nohr, Orcherton, Whiteaker. Superintendent: Not an Ad Hoc Committee – Ad Hocs have a defined TOR that ends when the issue has been dealt with and reported on. Burgers: The French Ad Hoc Committee looked as a few issues, boundaries included. Because of French Federal funding, need a place for stakeholders to essay have input into how the money is essay spent, and goal setting. McNally: Suggestion s for changes to TOR: specify the Trustee member will be appointed by Board Chair, and change “Membership shall be renewed annually” to “Representative groups shall appoint a rep annually”. Paynter: Why havng a conversation about French programs only? Not a good use of scarce resources of the District.
Whiteaker: Won’t be limited to funding. Paynter: Make funding part of the mandate. Turcotte, GVTA [and French Immersion teacher]: Funding comes from Ministry of Heritage in Ottawa to the School District.The Funding Guide recommends establishment of an Advisory Committee. What if the Committee members want to meet more frequently? And some years up to jon krakauer essay now, hasn’t met at all.
Superintendent: TOR specifies at least twice a year. Essay Of Water In India! [It does; the motion doesn’t.] Like Aboriginal targeted funding, concern on jon krakauer essay, the part of the funder that funds used for targeted purpose. Yes, have same question re why Advisory Committees on some parts of the tolerance, district’s programs and jon krakauer essay not others. Burgers: So various stakeholder groups to provide feedback and look at models of service. D. Elementary Counselling Services. Nohr: That the Board request that the Superintendent provide a report on tolerance essay, the elementary counselling services within our district for the November 2017 Education Policy and Directions meeting. Revised motion: Superintendent provide report n and recommendations on counsellor support for elementary students and their families, by November Education Policy meeting. Essay! / Carried.
For: Nohr, Orcherton, Whiteaker. Superintendent: Very general motion. Please be more specific . Nohr: 1:1000 students ratio. Merchant! Students in need neglected and untenable working conditions for teachers. Learning compromised when emotional need not met. Equity issue – some families have benefits and others cannot afford counsellors.Would like grid with student numbers per school and counsellor FTE, as well as some successful outcomes and essay some gaps identified. Watters: Want to now what the plan is to address this – agree there is tolerance a gap. Orcherton: How to address the gap that exists.
David [public seats]: Would like action plan. Jon Krakauer Essay! Katie [elementary school counsellor]: Elementary school counsellors are teachers too. An extra day at should be aloud essay a school makes so much difference in essay being able to support teachers with what may be difficult for make, a classroom teacher ie discussions of sexual abuse prevention curriculum, other issues.Elementary school counsellors are often parents’ first contact with mental health and family support. McNally: Taught for essay, 22 years in SD61, and appreciated counsellors; saw the be aloud, need for more service. Motion seems to jon krakauer be working toward putting more funding into assignment counselling, and its needed, but money has to come from essay, one area, so where will it be taken from to increase counsellors? Hoping some help will be in the provincial government funding announcement in February that will help school districts address this need. Superintendent: Need to re-examine what we ask elementary counsellor to do, and the amount of paperwork, but a conversation for another time. [ Possibly linked to a variety of we can make discussions about changing the jon krakauer, funding formula for merchant, student with designations?
For example: “ Inclusive Education funding is allocated to school authorities through a formula that aims to ensure an equitable distribution of funding. Essay! Funding is not determined through coding. School authorities distribute the should be aloud, funding they receive based on the needs of jon krakauer students within their school communities. “ This model would cut down on we can, paperwork and case management.] We also have YFCs and jon krakauer partners in health – need to enhance participation there – child’s troubles in school often due to family breakdown, so need broader systems approach,comprehensive model. David [public seats] : Has District considered working with Social Workers seconded to schools to address family breakdown? Superintendent: Yes, but MCF struggles for resources and gre issue essay brainstorming has been chronically underfunded. Nohr: Would like school population and FTE of counsellors and essay YFCs. Of Venice! Just a spreadsheet.
Mitchel duPlessis [elementary school counsellor, Aboriginal Education]: Pleased to now be Aboriginal Nations Education Division counsellor full time. Attention not to essay the child only but to the whole community.About prevention. E. Vancouver Island School Trustees Association. Watters: SD61 Board has invited VISTA to gather here for ocr salters chemistry coursework, March meeting. As member of VISTA Executive, part of planning for event.
VISTA plans Friday might; SD61 Board does the jon krakauer, rest. Minister of Education Fleming will be featured on Friday night.Some ideas for workshops / sessions. Gre Issue Essay Brainstorming! Superintendent: Approaching First Nations for territory and jon krakauer welcome. Student introduction of Minister. Student band, student art walk. Hotel booking research underway. Orcherton: Counsellors are an issue across Districts. How to send in ideas for topics? [To Watters who will collate.] Whiteaker: Invite parent group rep.
McNally: what opportunities for real student participation , not just food service and entertainment? Scott: Yes wondered also about that. Superintendent: That is built in, will be opportunities throughout. Student Rep please take back to students. F. BCSTA Provincial Council re- Early Childhood Education : Whiteaker. McNally: What are pros and cons of taking motion forward to Provincial Council vs spring AGM? [Discussion] Watters: Will put this on voltaire tolerance essay, next VISTA agenda [Sept 30. 7. General Announcements: Paynter: Send in thoughts on jon krakauer essay, 3 BCPSEA questions re collective bargaining sent out to you. Have heard from essay, McNally. August 21/17: Special Board Meeting: City-Required Easement.
Lined Paper is my personal record of and commentary on SD61 Board and jon krakauer essay Standing Committee meetings. Ocr Salters Chemistry Coursework Help! Official, approved minutes appear on the SD61 website, one month after the jon krakauer essay, meeting. SD61 Greater Victoria School District primarily serves students in Esquimalt, Oak Bay, Victoria, View Royal, parts of Saanich and assignment for you the Highlands, and the Traditional Territories of the Songhees and Esquimalt Nations. GVSD 61 TRUSTEE REPRESENTATIVES AND TRUSTEE ASSIGNMENTS 2017. Board Chair: Loring-Kuhanga Vice-Chair: Ferris. Ad Hoc Committees of the Board and their terms of reference are listed on the SD61 website. (Loring-Kuhanga member of both, ex officio)
Standing Committees operate on less formal Rules of Order than does the jon krakauer essay, Board, ie. no need for a seconder for cellphones in school essay, a motion, and jon krakauer a Trustee can speak as many times as the Chair thinks is reasonable; members of the public and presenters can ask questions of each other and engage in coursework help dialogue.The question can’t be called in a standing committee, meaning debate can extend for some time. After a motion to essay restrict voting in Standing Committees to only assigned members of the should be aloud in school, committee (sensible, as if all Trustees are present and vote, it’s an improperly constituted Board meeting), some Trustees have quite consistently chosen to jon krakauer essay not attend the standing Committee if they don’t have a vote. Merchant Essay! . Unfortunately, if Trustees choose not to attend a Standing Committee if they don’t have a vote, it’s very possible to essay miss vital information. Trustee salaries (aka “stipend): $20,486/year effective Dec 1/14. Chair and vice-chair receive an extra $3,000 and $1,500, respectively. EXTERNAL TRUSTEE LIAISONS – COMMUNITY 2017. CONTRACT NEGOTIATIONS 2017.
BOARD-ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES TO EXTERNAL ORGANIZATIONS 2017.
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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. There's a persistent myth about the jon krakauer, SAT Essay: the idea that you can't prepare content because you don't see the prompt until the day of the test. Ocr Salters Chemistry. This is a myth because, in jon krakauer order to be standardized, the test has to require the of venice, same complexity of argument in jon krakauer essay every SAT essay question: yes or no, this or that, what causes what. And since all these arguments are very simple, almost every SAT essay argument can be boiled down to one of the 6 we list here . In addition to that, though, we also explain how to voltaire essay, argue each one, and give you sample support for both sides of every argument. Read on for the inside scoop on this important aspect of the SAT. SAT Essay prompts are unlike any other writing assignment.
The questions are extremely general, asking things like is the world changing for the better, but they only essay, ever require a very simplistic thesis statement about a complex idea. There are, for example, many ways in which the world is and is not changing for the better. The most accurate answer would have to be yes AND no, but that's the opposite of what you should say on the SAT. Because on essay on scarcity of water, the SAT Essay, simplicity and clarity is the jon krakauer essay, name of the game . You are expected to make a broad, definitive statement about what people 'should' do or whether something is possible. You don't have to believe it, you just have to present a few examples (between one and three) that can show why your statement is correct. In this way, the SAT Essay is gre issue, easier than most students think. All of the essay questions in this article are taken from real SATs or College Board prep materials. Essay. We've categorized them not by should be aloud in school, their content--for example, success or personality--but rather by their reasoning . This is because the logic of the jon krakauer, question, not its content, is voltaire, what determines the best argument on which to build your essay.
For each type of SAT essay question below, we give you 3 sample prompts similar to what you'll run into, and a breakdown of how to argue either side of any SAT essay question of that type. You'll get detailed SAT essay examples that guide you through how to construct an argument. SAT Essay Prompt Type 1: Discuss what people should do. This type of SAT essay question lends itself to many different kinds of examples. Anything that involves people and their choices is essay, fair game. See the diagram below for more information on we can make for you, how this works. be valued according to jon krakauer, their capabilities rather than their achievements? weight all opinions equally, or place more weight on on scarcity of water, informed opinions? always value new things, ideas, or values over older ones?
Step 1 : Pick a side. Yes, people should always value new things, ideas, or values over older ones, or no, people should not always value new things, ideas, or values over older ones. Jon Krakauer. Step 2 : Consider what would logically support your statement (see green boxes for a breakdown of the types of support you should use). For example, if you argue Yes, people should value new things as your thesis, you can give evidence of a time when people valued new things and merchant it turned out essay, well, or of gre issue essay brainstorming a time when people didn't value innovation and it turned out poorly. Step 3 : Quickly think of jon krakauer essay 1-3 real-world or literary examples that fit the criteria in Step 2 (see blue boxes for ideas). Cellphones. To support the Yes thesis with evidence of when people valued new things with success, we could talk about jon krakauer Civil Rights in the United States, the Industrial Revolution, FDR's new deal, or any other example dealign with positive innovation. We could also discuss evidence where refusal to accept new things turned out poorly, like fear of vaccinations and Galileo being excommunicated for his (true) scientific beliefs. SAT Essay Prompt Type 2: Discuss which of two things is better. These questions can be fodder for 12-scoring essays because they can be answered so simply: this thing is better than that thing.
Then you just have to tolerance essay, think of 1-3 examples in which that thing worked and/or in which the other thing didn't work. See the diagram below for more information on how this can be done. to essay, take an idealistic approach or a practical approach? to do fulfilling or high-paying work? to use cooperation or competition to achieve success? Step 1 : Pick a side. It is better to use cooperation to achieve success, or it is better to use competition to achieve success. Step 2 : Consider what would logically support your statement (see green boxes for a breakdown of the types of we can for you support you should use). Similar to Prompt Type 1 above, in jon krakauer this case you can use evidence that supports your thesis, or argues against the opposite thesis. For example, if you write that Cooperation is better to achieve success, you can use evidence on a time when cooperation led to voltaire tolerance essay, success, or when competition led to failure. Step 3 : Quickly think of 1-3 real-life or literary examples that fit the criteria in Step 2 (blue boxes). Following our cooperation is better thesis, we can talk about jon krakauer essay when people cooperated to great success - like the Civil Rights movement, or Abraham Lincoln's cabinet during the Civil War. We could also discuss how competition is inferior through examples like the subprime mortgage crisis of 2008, or the North Korea vs South Korea standoff.
SAT Essay Prompt Type 3: Support or refute counterintuitive statements. These can be the toughest SAT essay prompts--if you don't know how to should cellphones essay, tackle them. The easiest way to really knock this essay type out jon krakauer, of the make for you, park is to jon krakauer, say yes, it is merchant cheat, possible, and then think of an example. The other side--no, it isn't possible--is harder to logically prove , but it can be done. See the diagram below for more information on how this works. Is it possible for…. deception to have good results? working to reach an objective to be valuable even if the objective is not reached? any obstacle to be turned into jon krakauer, something beneficial?
Step 1 : Pick a side. Merchant Essay. Yes, it is possible for any obstacle to jon krakauer essay, be turned into something beneficial, or no, it is not possible for any obstacle to be turned into something beneficial. Step 2 : Consider what would logically support your statement (see green boxes for merchant of venice essay a breakdown of the types of support you should use). Unlike the two prompt types above, this one is more simplistic - just find evidence that can support your thesis in a straightforward way. Jon Krakauer Essay. If you write No, it's not possible for any obstacle to be turned into something beneficial, you just need to find evidence for when obstacles exist but don't lead to on scarcity in india, anything helpful. Step 3 : Quickly think of 1-3 real-life or literary examples that fit the criteria in Step 2 (see blue boxes). To support the No thesis, we could use the example of how gender discrimination against women and income inequality has caused far more harm than the good it has caused. SAT Essay Prompt Type 4: Cause and effect. These can be logically complicated, depending on which side you choose. If you say x is the result of y , then you just have to think of 1-3 examples that illustrate it. If you choose the other side, though, then you have a harder logical task in front of you--your examples have to fit a much narrower definition to make sense.
See the diagram below for more information on how this works. Essay. Is __ the on scarcity of water in india, result of __? Is a successful community the result of individuals sacrificing their personal goals? Is accomplishment the result of freedom to jon krakauer, do things one's own way? Is learning the result of help experiencing difficulties? Step 1 : Pick a side. Yes, learning is the result of experiencing difficulties, or no, learning is not the result of experiencing difficulties.
Step 2 : Consider what would logically support your statement (see green boxes for a breakdown of the types of support you should use). For example, if our thesis is Yes, learning is the jon krakauer essay, result of experiencing difficulties, we can either argue with evidence of a time when learning IS the result of difficulty, or when a lack of difficulty led to an absence of learning. Both types of ocr salters coursework evidence support your thesis. Step 3 : Quickly think of 1-3 real-life or literary examples that fit the criteria in Step 2 (see blue boxes). For our Yes thesis, we could talk about how the difficulty of essay unmanageable healthcare costs in the USA led to gre issue, learning and the Affordable Care Act.
We could also use the other type of evidence and talk about how Jay Gatsby's lack of jon krakauer essay difficulty in having immense wealth led to for you, poor learning about what really makes him happy. SAT Essay Prompt Type 5: Generalize about the state of the world. These kinds of jon krakauer SAT essay prompts are so open-ended that they lend themselves to voltaire tolerance essay, all kinds of jon krakauer essay examples and interpretations. But for this same reason, they can be overwhelming and we can make for you confusing. See the diagram below for more information on how this works. What is the modern world like? Is the world more in need of creativity now more than ever?
Is the world actually harder to understand due to the abundance of information now available? Is the world changing in a positive way? Step 1 : Pick a side. Yes, the world is changing in jon krakauer a positive way, or no, the make for you, world is not changing in jon krakauer essay a positive way. Step 2 : Consider what would logically support your statement (see green boxes for a breakdown of the types of support you should use).
Let's consider the Yes thesis. We can use evidence that problems in make the past that are being solved today, or innovations today that didn't previously exist. Step 3 : Quickly think of 1-3 real-life or literary examples that fit the criteria in Step 2 (see blue boxes). To support our Yes thesis, we can find examples of jon krakauer problems that are better now - women's rights, slavery, and essay of water reduced violence. We can also discuss recent innovations that dramatically improve quality of life, like the Internet and jon krakauer essay widespread access to education. SAT Essay Prompt Type 6: Generalize about assignment people. Jon Krakauer. Much like the state of the world questions, these can be supported by almost anything, but can also get away from you if you're not careful. See the voltaire, diagram below for some ideas of how to manage these prompts. What are people like? Do people underestimate the value of community due to our culture of essay individualism?
Are people defined by essay, their occupations? Do people learn from the jon krakauer, past? Step 1 : Pick a side. Yes, people learn from the past, or no, people do not learn from the past. Step 2 : Consider what would logically support your statement (see green boxes for a breakdown of the types of support you should use). Let's consider the we can, No thesis that people don't learn from the past - we would have to find an example of when someone repeated a mistake that they could have avoided from history. Step 3 : Quickly think of jon krakauer 1-3 real-life or literary examples that fit the criteria in Step 2 (see blue boxes). A great example to use for our No thesis is comparing Hitler and coursework Germany to Napoleon. In 1812, Napoleon fought a war on multiple fronts, fighting the Spanish army and the Russian Empire simultaneously.
This led to a drastic dilution of focus and essay led to his defeat. A century later in World War 2, Hitler fought on be aloud in school, two fronts as well, facing the Allies in Europe and Russia at the same time. He too was defeated through this mistake. Now that you know the basic types of jon krakauer SAT essay prompts and the types of arguments they require, what can you do with this information? A few different things: one is to practice with these questions, thinking of one or two examples to support at least one answer to each question. Cheat. We've written a guide to 6 SAT essay examples you can use to answer nearly every prompt.
Another is to take a look at our comprehensive SAT essay prompts article, which gives you lots more questions to think about answering and supporting with the arguments above. Finally, make sure you read our 15 SAT essay tips to know how to get an edge on the essay. Want to get serious about improving your SAT score? We have the leading online SAT prep program that will raise your score by jon krakauer essay, 240+ points, guaranteed . Exclusive to our program, we have an expert SAT instructor grade each of your SAT essays and give you customized feedback on how to should cellphones be aloud in school, improve your score. This can mean an instant jump of 80 points on the Writing section alone. Check out our 5-day free trial and sign up for free: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura has over a decade of jon krakauer teaching experience at of water in india, leading universities and scored a perfect score on jon krakauer, the SAT. You should definitely follow us on make assignment for you, social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics?
Ask below and jon krakauer we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on we can make assignment, Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep? Check out jon krakauer, our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and test prep tips! © PrepScholar 2013-2017.
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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and jon krakauer, Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates. 1. Gre Issue Brainstorming. Free Business Plan Template Download.
Are you an jon krakauer, entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan? If so, you have come to the right place. Legal Templates is happy to provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the buttons below to download (1) a blank document, and (2) a document that is filled in for you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to View. What’s included in should be aloud in school essay, the blank template: In the first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and section subtitles that you will need to successfully complete your plan. Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of essay your company. This chapter is essentially your hook to convince potential financiers that your model is tolerance worthy of jon krakauer essay their investment. Chapter 2: Company and Financing: In this chapter, the ocr salters coursework help, goal is to outline the legal and operational structure of jon krakauer essay your company, financing requirements, the history behind the company, mission statement and the management team.
If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of Incorporation here. Chapter 3: Products and Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and essay on scarcity of water, how you will build, assemble and deliver them. It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and jon krakauer, indirect competitors. Chapter 4: Customers and Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for ocr salters chemistry coursework help, them , and the latest trends among these consumers in essay, terms of growth and behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and sales chapter allows you to describe how you will sell your product/service. Particularly what are your company’s strategies for positioning, pricing, promotion and distribution. Chapter 6: Strategy and coursework help, Implementation: This chapter will give you an jon krakauer, opportunity to set the should cellphones in school essay, key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals. Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances. Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the financial variables that will go into jon krakauer the creation/expansion of your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and essay on scarcity in india, more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the business purchase agreement in your plan.
What’s included in the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to reference. Each section gives an example of what you should write. Jon Krakauer. Our guide also includes example graphs and cellphones be aloud essay, charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and jon krakauer, forecasts that a plan should offer to essay brainstorming, attract investment. For guidance on what you should include in your plan, and why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to start your download and get started. Essay. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an of venice cheat essay, experienced writer. Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to jon krakauer, your company’s success. A solid plan is necessary to help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on track over chemistry coursework, time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company. If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if you’re hoping to attract investment and essay, expand your company beyond the limits you’ve already reached.
Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in advance, and cover every aspect of should cellphones in school essay your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and sales to your company’s finances. Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to investors. Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: “How to Write a Business Plan” Table of Contents: How to Write the Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the essential information about jon krakauer essay, what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . It covers the major highlights of the rest of your plan’s chapters. The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and why your business idea will be successful.
If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is your first opportunity to grab a potential investor’s interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of of water your business plan, though it’s actually the last section that you should write . Essay. First, you’ll need to do heavy research to of water, ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an established business or a new startup. A startup company’s executive summary will need to be interesting and jon krakauer, convincing to capture the attention of investors. Your company will lack the historical data and trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors.
First, you’ll need to briefly explain who you are, the background of should cellphones your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is cheap – do you have the data and analysis to back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the executive summary for jon krakauer, an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the web. We suggest the following basic template – feel free to add or subtract sections according to your own needs:
Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the essay, purpose of the plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of debt financing to expand a store location) as well an overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to the point. Summarize the members of the management team, including highlights of their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in jon krakauer essay, the Products and Services section. Products and Services. Describe the products and services you are providing and who the competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in cheat, the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them.
Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the major points in the Marketing and Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and jon krakauer, distribution. Summarize the should cellphones be aloud in school, most important points from the Financial Plan section here. This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the logic behind the jon krakauer, projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance.
7. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of tolerance equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the jon krakauer, use of the brainstorming, funds, and when you expect to essay, reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan. Keep this at coursework help an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on jon krakauer essay, in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . We Can Make. In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section. Only then will you be able to identify the essay, amount of cheat essay money you will need to raise. With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary. How to Write the Company and Financing Chapter. The company and finance section of your plan is important, because introducing the jon krakauer essay, management team is critical for voltaire, both start-ups and established companies alike. Jon Krakauer. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of success. Company and Financing Sections.
Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and approaches on how to lay out the various components of gre issue brainstorming a business plan. Our approach for the company overview section is to provide the essay, reader with the company’s legal information, address and a brief description of the company’s history. Since there are follow up sections in cellphones be aloud, this chapter that over go the company’s location and history in jon krakauer, more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by a credible Attorney. The primer below is meant only to explain the merchant essay, broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an unincorporated business by him or herself.” While the most simple to set up and the most common, there is essay a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations. So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in cellphones be aloud in school essay, it, and you lose in court, the essay, creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to we can, the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to jon krakauer essay, carry on a trade or business.
Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to make for you, share in essay, the profits and losses of the company.” A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and should be aloud in school essay, not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. However, similar to jon krakauer essay, sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for the company’s debts and make for you, liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Jon Krakauer. Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to invest in ocr salters help, the venture but limit their exposure to liability. A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by shareholders. Jon Krakauer. A corporation is commonplace for gre issue essay brainstorming, businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the problem of “double taxation” since the corporation’s profits is taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the jon krakauer, IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity).
Some of the drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at tolerance essay the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to open, along with the registered name you plan to use. Explain your rationale – for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on jon krakauer essay, this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and essay, your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is jon krakauer essay especially critical.
With the should be aloud essay, lack of history, there is little investors can go by to jon krakauer essay, gauge the future success of a venture. The question lenders and cellphones essay, investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to jon krakauer, execute on the stated goals. Should Be Aloud. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company. Tip: Don’t include details about members of the Management Team that are not relevant to the reader.
Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to jon krakauer essay, execute on cellphones be aloud, the company’s vision. If you have an established business the information you want to essay, present is the same. Keep in mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the essay brainstorming, capability to jon krakauer, manage growth of the company. As a company grows from start-up to established business, the management team must also change. They must be able to tolerance, manage employees, institute standardized systems, and jon krakauer essay, ensure the business’s ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and we can for you, a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is elected by the shareholders and is the essay, highest authority in the management of the company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and industry experience. A Board of Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for company management, and approve annual budgets. An advisory board is a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and essay on scarcity of water in india, provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to play a role in your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the jon krakauer essay, member is committed to your company.
Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of your Advisory Board. We Can Make Assignment For You. This will help you to jon krakauer essay, recruit other members of the Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and merchant of venice cheat, relationships your business will need. As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board.
Feel free to shake up the line up over time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to essay, raise, what you are going to essay on scarcity of water in india, use it for, and jon krakauer, how you got to the requested amount. Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in particular, complete the financial planning process. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt. The primary difference between equity and debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is already in we can assignment for you, existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of money from an jon krakauer, investor . Essay. Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to how much they value your company. Jon Krakauer Essay. There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and when?
What do you think your company is essay on scarcity of water in india worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability. The money you are seeking to essay, raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is brainstorming a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the financing to get your product to the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). Jon Krakauer Essay. But the general concept is the same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when?
The financial statements provide the answer to the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to determine the cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in time. What do you think your company is worth? The third question is much harder to voltaire, answer, especially for a new company. At the end of the day it really comes down to what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is more art than science).
However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to jon krakauer essay, facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a company’s value by essay, analyzing the market value of its assets. In other words, in this approach the company is jon krakauer essay worth the sum of all its assets if they were to be liquidated . This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by brainstorming, the asset). However, for many companies the value of its branding and reputation, along with its ability to jon krakauer, generate profits, will exceed the be aloud essay, value of jon krakauer essay its assets. The market approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of brainstorming similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is a common approach in the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to jon krakauer, determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over assignment, time and then placing a value on that future stream of essay income in today’s terms . Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to account for risk. Now you have all the pieces to complete the equation. You have the amount of money you need by looking at cumulative cash flow. You also have an cellphones be aloud in school essay, idea of how much money your company will be worth.
Equation to determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to essay, offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Instead, you should focus on the loan’s interest rate and payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and we can make assignment for you, soon enough to ensure there is no delinquency on jon krakauer essay, servicing the loan. For equity financing, answer the following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to should be aloud in school essay, turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of equity offered and at jon krakauer what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the voltaire, following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the loan The amount and frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the funds. The level of jon krakauer detail should be at ocr salters chemistry a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to essay, see expenses in more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the Profit/Loss statement.
Construction of new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of credit may be a good choice. With a line of credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and gre issue essay brainstorming, pay interest immediately on the money as it is borrowed. It works very similarly to a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the major exception that since you may be able to jon krakauer essay, secure the line of credit with assets, you may be able to of water, get better terms.
In the Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and how thinking about your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model. It’s recommended you review the Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on essay, your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on essay on scarcity of water, their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into your company. Therefore, you need to include detailed information on how you intend to jon krakauer, sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to take a big risk, they demand a big return.
You need to demonstrate your business has the potential to either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to essay, invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem. If your exit strategy is to sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is playing catch-up to Google Maps. If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an attractive acquisition target.
The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vision of the company. Jon Krakauer Essay. It’s a statement your employees and customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short. 1-2 sentences max. Don’t use “fluff” words. Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. Voltaire Tolerance Essay. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases.”
Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and deliver” demonstrate the company’s capability to in delivering an end-to-end solution. Essay. By using the words “innovate” and “prevail over serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the company has managed to ocr salters coursework help, (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace. It is a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on jon krakauer, making itself easier for coursework help, the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to improved customer service within their stores).
Example of poorly written mission statements. A. Essay. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates and at all times observing the highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners. Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to local and federal laws)?
Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the nature of our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the merchant of venice cheat, company’s mission statement is essay ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the assignment for you, point of having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to highlight relevant history on how the essay, company came to existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc.
Some information you may want to include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in mind that there is no set rule as to the level of merchant cheat detail you want to include. This is dictated by the relevancy of the information to the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to build credibility for jon krakauer, your company. Every company is made of milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on voltaire tolerance essay, the right track. They are best when quantifiable and measureable. Jon Krakauer. For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of be aloud in school your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of your plan.
Information you may want to jon krakauer essay, include: Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is important for essay, a large number of essay retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to essay brainstorming, choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and if there are any laws that protect the lessee from unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about jon krakauer, what to look for in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities. For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and water. Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources. If the facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of ocr salters coursework help that. Location can be an important aspect of your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing.
For example, you might want to open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an essay, employee recruitment and fundraising perspective. If you operate out of a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the make for you, Products and Services Chapter. The products and services chapter of jon krakauer essay your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and butter of your business. Your products and services section should include the following sections. Products and Services Chapter Sections. Products and Services Competitors Sourcing and Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and Services (optional) Your products and services are the gre issue brainstorming, lifeblood of your business – it’s what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Commonly referred to jon krakauer essay, as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the secret sauce working. It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied.
Thinking in terms of benefits vs. features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is essay in india not only buying a device to jon krakauer, tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product. Think about what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on what you are going to sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services. You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an coursework, existing customer. One of the reasons this is essay true is the potential to cellphones in school essay, sell additional add-ons, upgrades and jon krakauer, substitute products/services to existing customers . Think about how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer. You will complete the price you want to set your products/services in the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for you to chemistry coursework help, describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about jon krakauer, how you want to price your products/services.
Competitive analysis is an tolerance, extremely useful tool and jon krakauer essay, one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over of venice cheat essay, time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on how to jon krakauer, perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in days past. Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to assignment, find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on jon krakauer, LinkedIn. Not only do you have to worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to should cellphones, be vigilant and be on the lookout for new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step.
You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is essay common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is merchant of venice cheat essay simply the process of procuring goods and jon krakauer, services from suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service. Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one – the lower the price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the gre issue brainstorming, more working capital you have on hand.
Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to your ability to jon krakauer, operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to voltaire tolerance, meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the process of how your company delivers its products/services, from jon krakauer essay, point of sale to delivery. There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to order: the gre issue essay, product is designed and built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to essay, order: the product’s design is standardized but manufacture of final product is based off of chemistry customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and jon krakauer, yachts) Assemble to order: the product is assembled to chemistry coursework, the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the product is essay manufactured in quantity based on expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and expect to hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to how you forecast the be aloud in school essay, amount of inventory you need to meet your projected sales. Jon Krakauer Essay. Too little inventory and help, you may not be able to meet demand. Too much inventory and you tie up all of your cash on excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Jon Krakauer Essay. Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for seasonality.
Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of make assignment other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to essay, manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in today’s business environment is becoming more and more important and serves as a source of gre issue competitive advantage. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices. FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and jon krakauer essay, times, which enables it to make assignment, ship to practically every corner of the jon krakauer, globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in your business and tolerance essay, if it is critical to your business operations.
If technology is critical to essay, your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Depending on your business, you may want to create back-up copies of data and ocr salters chemistry help, software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to the technology? Think about alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the road decide that the cost is essay too high, is be aloud in school there a competitor who can license you an alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in essay, detail. There are two types of of venice cheat intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and trademarks), and jon krakauer, copyright (such as novels and movies).
If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is advisable that you seek the professional advice of ocr salters a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to jon krakauer, provide a barrier to entry for gre issue essay brainstorming, your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to jon krakauer essay, protect your invention. You should apply for a trademark for essay brainstorming, your company name and logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and essay, plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and make assignment for you, sculptures, and architectural designs.
In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of view, but many times is not practical in practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and your employees and contractors. It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to your employees and jon krakauer, contractors. Everyone should be required to sign an merchant of venice essay, invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the jon krakauer essay, company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for employees to use , so that if there is merchant essay ever a conflict as to essay, whom owns a piece of intellectual property, there is we can assignment for you a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is a good idea to essay, describe the product roadmap and we can make assignment for you, strategy behind it . A key concept is jon krakauer that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the of venice cheat, life of a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the essay, word out.
You may discount the brainstorming, price of the product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the essay, fruits of your labor. You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for your product starts to dissipate as sales of your product are in steady decline.
After including all of this information, you’ll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and on scarcity in india, Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to jon krakauer essay, describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of gre issue essay brainstorming customers are trending in terms of essay growth and behavior. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to we can make for you, your industry. Customers and Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the market overview section you are going to jon krakauer, calculate the total market (referred to essay, as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and then the segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels.
At the highest level is an estimate of the jon krakauer essay, total market given 100% saturation. Another way of looking at this is we can make for you what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. This, of course, is much harder to predict with accuracy. So the important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami.
To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the average annual sales for each restaurant. Then multiply the two to get the total sales for jon krakauer essay, all high-end restaurants. Help. This would be your total addressable market. Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an equal share of the market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in the market.
Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for jon krakauer essay, the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and cheat essay, enough so that customers are willing to switch to jon krakauer, your company. Describe what problem your product is solving. Be Aloud. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on jon krakauer, how your product serves each customer segment. Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy.
We do not want to go through the time and cost of switching from one company’s product/services unless it is gre issue essay compelling enough, which is essay dependent on the switching cost. For example, there is virtually no cost to switch from Coke to Pepsi. On the assignment for you, other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is able to overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of jon krakauer essay taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at should cellphones be aloud in school the macro level is critical for various aspects of your business. A growing or shrinking market is jon krakauer essay described in more detail in the market growth section.
Below are some of the should cellphones essay, other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses. For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on essay, non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on upcoming changes. For example, the Jobs Act of should in school 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to participate in essay, private placement of securities. This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to emerge to connect startups with all types of be aloud in school essay investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an impact on jon krakauer essay, the bottom line. For example, if you count the merchant of venice cheat, Dept. of Defense as one of jon krakauer your clients, then the across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on of venice cheat, your business. If you build your business on top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and jon krakauer essay, easier to voltaire, use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position.
Knowing technology trends is valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes. Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the change in market size from jon krakauer, one time period to the next (usually in years). Should Cellphones. So if the market in the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the market can be said to have grown by 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth. Jon Krakauer Essay. Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to find much of this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is obviously important – for example, the market for Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market. Most investors and lenders will not want to voltaire, see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the essay, market for should, Apple and Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to grow as those companies continue to essay, add new customers. Your industry is should cellphones in school defined as the jon krakauer, group of companies that are related to make for you, you in terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue.
For example, Ford and Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Ford and essay, Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of should cellphones in school Labor website. Understanding your industry’s dynamics is imperative to knowing it’s profit potential and jon krakauer, attractiveness. A popular framework for should be aloud in school, conducting industry analysis is jon krakauer essay Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and how your company fits within the competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for new entrants to enter the market and voltaire, compete.
If your industry is supplied by jon krakauer, very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If there are many substitute products in your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is cellphones be aloud in school essay little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is mature with little growth (so the jon krakauer, only way to grow is to take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of customers, you want to focus on cheat, a select group that will be the most likely to purchase your product/service and account for the lion’s share of your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from a small percentage of your customers. For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in once a month. When you can name your key customers.
If you are in a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually. In this case, you should describe in detail your relationship with each of them separately. If you’ve filled out jon krakauer essay this chapter, congratulations. Coursework Help. Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Time to move on essay, to the gre issue, next chapter!
Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter. The marketing and sales chapter gives you an essay, opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include: Positioning: Are you going to be the lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product?
Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to gre issue brainstorming, write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the overview section summarizes key findings from the other section. Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the competitive landscape. Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from essay, your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace. There are three primary ways to achieve this:
Economies of Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. The more you are able to gre issue, produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to jon krakauer, low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and merchant cheat essay, cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing – for essay, example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at brainstorming a premium price point, primarily through the strength of their branding and not through the taste of their coffee. Determining the optimal price for your products/services will require you to think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers?
If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of jon krakauer course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on on scarcity in india, how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to jon krakauer, pay for your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95. In this section, you move from coursework help, describing your marketing plan onto jon krakauer essay how you will convey your marketing message to your intended audience. Ocr Salters Coursework Help. What marketing channels will you utilize to essay, reach your target customers?
Depending on your business, traditional media may be an important component of your complete marketing toolbox. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for essay, effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget. A website is a key component of jon krakauer essay your digital marketing efforts as it will be the make assignment for you, destination in jon krakauer essay, which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of mouth marketing is by far the most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business.
New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and more likely to continue referring your company. There are ways to coursework, boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the jon krakauer, advent of coursework social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on jon krakauer essay, Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into your word of mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and brainstorming, competitors. You can start by participating on public forums and blogs related to your business and adapting the adage “give more to get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the spectrum is jon krakauer direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to cellphones be aloud in school, your customers. Jon Krakauer Essay. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to retailers, who in essay, turn sell to consumers. Three common models:
Product is stocked in mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an jon krakauer, exclusive channel. Tolerance Essay. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to jon krakauer essay, reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and sell to customers. Writing the essay, Strategy and jon krakauer, Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an on scarcity of water, opportunity to define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals.
It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the company’s first prototype or breaking even. Essay. These provide a tangible way to measure the success of the coursework help, business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of essay those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to voltaire tolerance, measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). A new company has an extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the company’s risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed.
Investors and lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only essay turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is chemistry a useful technique for understanding your company’s strengths and weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to your business and jon krakauer essay, the threats it faces. Strengths and Weaknesses refer to internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and ocr salters coursework, Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as:
Market trends Regulatory and essay, legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors? This is a straightforward competitive edge that is tolerance very difficult to deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in essay, order to achieve economies of scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer?
This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in essay in india, an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for better customer service . Nordstrom’s is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in business. There are a wide variety of alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for a partnership in jon krakauer, the future and should essay, that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and power of essay your business.
Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from several key customers. Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in make assignment, revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for example, to set standards for essay, the industry or to help further adoption of a technology. For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to increase the in india, adoption of Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished.
Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the essay, financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of your entire plan. It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the size of the market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. These sections are the make assignment for you, red meat of your plan — these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and essay, Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the price in which you will sell your products and services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the product/service, and the number of should be aloud essay units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast.
It is highly recommended that you first complete the jon krakauer essay, following sections as they lay the foundation for defining the sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the ocr salters chemistry help, size of your target market and what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Marketing plan. Jon Krakauer. For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the start of your business, you should forecast an of venice cheat essay, increase in sales thereafter. This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of essay raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to make, offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the jon krakauer essay, unit level). Otherwise known as cost of cellphones be aloud essay goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to essay, forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of sales on voltaire tolerance essay, a sliding scale. Costs vary each month: The cost of your product/service may increase/decrease in jon krakauer essay, price over time for several reasons: Economy of scale: the more units you produce, the cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on time of year. This is the expected number of units you will sell.
My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time. Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by products/services sold. In the United States, there is no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on merchant of venice essay, particular goods or services. Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the sales tax from your customers and jon krakauer, then remit the tax to the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for each component of the gre issue essay brainstorming, sales forecast is accurate, so will the jon krakauer essay, overall sales forecast. You should be able to chemistry help, explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of jon krakauer essay hiring personnel are often the largest expense of gre issue essay brainstorming any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and jon krakauer essay, contractors you plan to hire.
The number of personnel you plan to hire and at what time is more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and you’ll burn through your working capital. Too few staff and you’ll run the risk of alienating your customers and partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to think about your personnel plan is to think about the milestones you want your business to gre issue essay brainstorming, accomplish and what personnel are required to get your business there. You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and jon krakauer, come back to this section later. Should Cellphones Be Aloud Essay. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and scale quickly in order to generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and jon krakauer essay, maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations.
Changes over time: You might want to voltaire tolerance, define a compensation plan for jon krakauer, sales personnel that have an tolerance essay, annual bonus component, for example. Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the United States, for example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in essay, certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and voltaire, health insurance, paid time off, training and jon krakauer, travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. Voltaire Essay. This is referred to the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only essay affects employees and not contractors. If unsure what to enter, 15% is a fair estimate. Explain the assumptions and methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate. Essay On Scarcity Of Water In India. For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to jon krakauer, coincide with the release of a new product.
Enter expenses you plan on incurring for your business. Cheat. A good way to make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. Categorize expense into groups, such legal and administrative, rent and leases, and telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for jon krakauer essay, more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and intangible assets.
Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over should cellphones, its useful lifetime. This is an accounting method that allows the essay, business to allocate the costs of the asset over its life by gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and gre issue, machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include:
Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for jon krakauer essay, less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to in india, turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and jon krakauer essay, Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on we can make assignment, the month it which it was made. This type of expense is better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is spread out over a 12-month period of jon krakauer time and can be considered an asset on the Balance Sheet that is expensed over time.
By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an gre issue, amortized short term asset) then the PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at $1,000 each month, while the essay, Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on month in merchant of venice cheat, which it was made. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the jon krakauer essay, amount of Prepaid Lease that is remaining at the end of the accounting period. Enter an estimate for essay, income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and local income tax. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in jon krakauer essay, the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate). Help. As this is jon krakauer essay only an estimate, 100% accuracy is not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%). Dividends and voltaire tolerance, distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the company’s profit. Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the jon krakauer essay, fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at make the discretion of the owners. You may want to set this to zero initially and see how the financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to jon krakauer essay, keep the business up and tolerance, running?
For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and essay, rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of these expenses and include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the gre issue essay, company has made but has yet to essay, collect the money from the purchaser. Most companies operate by allowing some portion of their sales to essay, be on jon krakauer essay, credit. These types of sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs. You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to merchant cheat, increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to jon krakauer essay, be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for some businesses it is preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to collect payment. Of the should cellphones be aloud in school essay, customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back.
The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. It is typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks. It is to your advantage to jon krakauer, negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. When looking at accounts receivable (what is owed to essay, you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to remember is that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on hand is king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. Essay. However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on chemistry coursework, the purchases made on essay, credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments.
How many days will it take, on average, to collect incoming payments? Select the typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and when the payment arrives. Keep in essay on scarcity in india, mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and essay, you plan on keeping inventory on hand, then you need to make, define how many months of essay inventory you wish to keep on hand. The more months of inventory you hold on hand, the more cash is tied up in inventory. This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry?
The ideal amount varies from industry to industry, and on scarcity of water, business to business. A good place to find more information is trade associations for your industry. In order to improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to start by jon krakauer, collecting good records on your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on hand.
A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on make for you, hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to any business. The time period for credit sales and essay, payments may depend on ocr salters coursework, your suppliers or your industry. Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and receive payments.
How did you come to these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out a loan, you borrow an amount of money (principal) from a lender, and are obligated to jon krakauer essay, pay back at a later time (usually in voltaire tolerance, installments). You will typically pay interest on the loan. If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the jon krakauer, financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to finance growth is commonplace.
These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and installment loans. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on voltaire tolerance essay, a variety of jon krakauer factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrower’s assets. Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is cheat essay not charged on the part of the line of credit that is unused, and the borrower can draw on the line of credit at any time that he or she needs to. Essay. If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the essay, financials assuming you have secured the line of credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of cash into the business from jon krakauer essay, you, other shareholders or owners, or investors.
This typically refers to tolerance, equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in essay, exchange for equity (ownership). In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the ocr salters coursework help, money you make from sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in essay, your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to assignment for you, take into account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of essay your plan. Enter starting balances for assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation.
Enter starting balances for liabilities: Enter starting balance for on scarcity of water, Capital and Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an existing business, you can enter past financial data here. This is optional and jon krakauer, will be used to calculate historical financial ratios in of water in india, the Financial Statements section. For each year of jon krakauer your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from essay of water in india, operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is healthy. Jon Krakauer Essay. For example, a restaurant might use the number of tables it can turn per night and the average revenue per dinner.
Think about what levers make the gre issue, most impact to your business. You will want to essay, continuously track and monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and we can make assignment for you, profit. Jon Krakauer. It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into the company’s projected “bottom line”. The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and ocr salters, Personnel Plan sections. If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by jon krakauer essay, going back to voltaire, those sections.
The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of your company’s financial position at a given point in time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is essay put back into running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display. If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by going back to the builder in essay, the Financial Plan section. If you are an existing business, you have the option of adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section.
The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and outflows from jon krakauer essay, your operating, investing and financing activities. Rather than providing an overview like the balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. In other words, how much money did you start and end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. You can go back to edit the sections in the Financial Plan section in order to change the accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of your business. The report here is cheat a read-only display. If you wish to essay, change any of the information, you may do so by editing the relevant financial information you’ve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to ocr salters chemistry coursework, cash is the company in case. Jon Krakauer Essay. This is important in determining the ability of the business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in should in school, debt.
The Profitability Analysis shows the jon krakauer essay, overall performance of the company in its ability to make a profit. The ratios show how much of sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and expenses into account. The Debt Ratio shows how much of the business’s assets are financed by debt and how much of the business’s assets are financed by stockholders’ equity. The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Investment) which is the gre issue essay, percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by the cost of the jon krakauer essay, investment. The most common method of calculating ROI is to we can make, divide net profit by total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan. It is by far the most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements.
In all likelihood, you will need to essay, hire an expert or accountant to help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to realistic outcomes. To finish it off, you’ll need to write an appendix and assignment, a glossary of terms. Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in this chapter, and your glossary of terms will simply define the terms of your business that an investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to start a business, but don’t know how to jon krakauer essay, write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the different chapters and sections necessary to essay, attract equity investments and loans. Although our examples are specific to each industry, keep in jon krakauer essay, mind that every plan will be unique depending on your location, your customer base, and cellphones be aloud in school essay, your own vision, so these will only jon krakauer essay serve as a starting point for you and your dream. Click the images to view our full business examples. 4. Essay. The Pros and Cons of Downloading a Business Plan Template.
1. Write with confidence — you won’t be forgetting any important information. Using this free template can help you write your own plan, without the hassle of figuring out how to order your chapters, or the worry of feeling like you might be missing a section. Jon Krakauer. We provide the merchant cheat, entire bare bones skeleton of a business plan within this Microsoft Word .doc download. After you download it, it’s up to you to flesh out the essay, details and ensure that each section is as well researched and should cellphones be aloud in school essay, intelligently conceived as possible. 2. Jon Krakauer. Step-by-step writing guide and writing samples included. Our plans come with a complete how-to guide with examples from our professional business plan samples to help steer you through your writing. 3. Completely free – no hidden costs, just download and start writing. This plan is completely free. You may encounter other people or websites on the Internet charging a price to download the guide. Do not purchase them – there is no benefit at all to purchasing a pre-fabricated plan. None of the voltaire tolerance, information will be relevant to your company, and you’ll be gaining nothing but the jon krakauer, order and cheat essay, structure of the essay, plan – something that you could easily research and re-create on your own.
Sound good? Keep in mind that while this guide may give you a better idea of how a it should be structured, that represents only about 5% of the of venice, heavy lifting of writing an actual the complete document. Don’t forget that every plan needs well structured elevator pitch. 1. You’ll have to do complicated business planning math and jon krakauer, calculations yourself — or pay an we can, expensive rate for someone else to jon krakauer, do them. You’re going to essay brainstorming, have to essay, do the financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment — all by yourself. Creating these sections requires years of training, math skills, market knowledge, and investment savvy. This requirement is merchant cheat essay beyond the scope of most peoples’ abilities, which is why entrepreneurs turn to professional writers and accountants to do the heavy lifting for them. Keep in mind: You may have a brilliant idea, but until you’ve subjected your product/service to meticulous research, and calculated your potential market as conservatively as possible, your business idea will be nothing but empty words and blather to a seasoned investor. 2. Jon Krakauer Essay. You’ll need to merchant essay, manually create visual graphs and charts to essay, make the calculations easily understandable. You’ll need to take the numbers you calculated and create attractive graphs, charts, and tables for your plan. Making your data attractive and easy to comprehend is no easy task.
Professional planning software can not only do the calculations for chemistry help, you, but will also turn them into relevant graphs, charts, and tables presented in jon krakauer essay, the appropriate order, according to essay brainstorming, how equity investors and jon krakauer essay, bank loan officers expect to see them. 3. Coursework Help. A basic template won’t allow you to track your business’ progress. You won’t be able to keep your company’s information up to jon krakauer essay, date easily. One of the major benefits of using software is that you can continually update your numbers based on essay, your real expenses and earnings, allowing you to jon krakauer essay, track the progress of your business easily and without a major hassle. Nonetheless, we encourage you to voltaire essay, download this document and jon krakauer essay, get started with writing out your product/service concepts and marketing plan. If or when you encounter the financial sections, we’ll be looking forward to helping your progress through the chemistry help, major obstacles of writing a successful strategy that will help you get funding for your ideas. Crafted by licensed attorneys Updated regularly Applicable to all 50 states. Create your free. Business Plan Template document in only 5-10 minutes!
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Chaucer, J.K. Rowling, and jon krakauer essay All of Us: A Journey from make for you Harry Potter to The Canterbury Tales and Back Again. This essay examines, with superb detail and fantastic analysis, the connections between Chaucer’s Pardoner’s Tale and jon krakauer essay the allegorical Tale of the Three Brothers, as well as discussing the ocr salters coursework, wider issue of Chaucerian influence in the Harry Potter series. Highly recommended. Moaning Myrtle is a great character. Despite the fact that she is ultimately not very likable as a person, she evokes a great deal of sympathy - especially from jon krakauer essay those little girls who over-related to Hermione and found in the books a refuge from chemistry coursework their own bullies (i.e. to one extent or another, a great many of us who might be considered hardcore Potterheads). There are a number of essay parallels between Hermione and chemistry help Myrtle, and I think that the contrasts between their actions reinforces the series’ message that we should choose to make the jon krakauer essay, future better rather than dwell on the past. Let’s start with the big, obvious one that sets up everything else. In her first term at Hogwarts, teasing and bullying drove Hermione to hide in the bathroom to cry all by herself. Confining herself to a bathroom and crying about having been treated unkindly is what Myrtle chooses to do with her time.
Both girls know from firsthand experience just how hard it is to be a young girl who isn’t very pretty. The fact that Myrtle was in cheat Ravenclaw may also suggest that she had experienced maltreatment from her peers and quite probably some adults for a crime only young girls seem to essay be capable of committing: being too clever or too knowledgable. It cannot be denied that the two girls had trouble fitting in - especially with their female classmates. But they handle it differently. Hermione does not keep bringing up how mean people have been to her. In India! Instead, she keeps on trying to be her best self. Essay! Myrtle, on the other hand, refuses to let past transgressions go - and she antagonizes potential friends in doing so. Now let’s talk about boys. Tolerance! Just as Hermione deals with not fitting in by carrying on and being the best Hermione she can be, she does the same thing in regards to boys and relationships.
Meanwhile, Myrtle’s pursuit of Harry is an essay, attempt on her part to have someone like her or to be defined, at least in part, by the mutual affection she hopes to ocr salters coursework help cultivate. (Ginny certainly teaches us that it’s not wrong to go after a boy you like or to enjoy the essay, company of the opposite sex, and I want to stress that my argument here is not meant to contradict that wonderful message or to slut-shame; my point is that boys are great, but you don’t need one to define yourself or your worth.) Also, that fact Myrtle is dead really hurts her chances with a living guy. For You! Hermione, I think, tends to direct her energy towards things that have a realistic chance of coming to fruition if enough effort is jon krakauer put in, while Myrtle sulks in regret. Returning to the crying-in-the-bathroom parallel, both get their tears interrupted by a deadly monster. Voltaire Tolerance Essay! Myrtle is killed, but Ron and Harry come to Hermione’s rescue. That event cemented the jon krakauer, Trio’s friendship, so perhaps all we can say it that it’s quite lucky that Harry and Ron had heard about Hermione crying in the bathroom and were mad enough to try to save her.
But I don’t think that’s quite the whole picture. I stated earlier that Myrtle must have driven people away with the way she tried to get attention and of venice win people’s pity. As obnoxious as Hermione might have been in those early days at jon krakauer essay, Hogwarts, she did not try to demonize other children for their petty cruelties towards her and she didn’t abuse her own pain as a tool for narcissism. And I think that the choices to act as they did is what makes all the difference between two girls who share some striking similarities. Harry Potter and the Word That Shall Not Be Named. MIKHAIL LYUBANSKY examines how Rowling presents a racial utopia in her novels, yet relates the issue of prejudice to should be aloud factors that are entirely other-worldly: the jon krakauer, idea of magical blood purity and enslavement of magical beings.
Very highly recommended. Wow I’ve never done this meta thing before and it’s for ocr salters help, Harry Potter! Woo! Alright, so I was looking and the four objects that belonged to each founder of essay each Hogwarts house and I feel that these objects could also represent each house as well. Hermione in book one aroused my concern as a child. On Scarcity In India! Ron makes the rude observation that she is a know it all without any friends and essay she cries while her school mates are at a party.
She really didn’t have any friends for the first two months she was at of water in india, school. Did she have friends in the muggle world? Was she shunned as a know it all there too? And the answers are probably something I don’t like. I was concerned about her until her friendship with Ron and jon krakauer Harry.
Probably because she seemed genuinely happy with them. I still wondered through the whole first book, why she wasn’t in ocr salters coursework Ravenclaw. They’d have loved her their. Then they went through the trap door and I learned exactly why Hermione is in Gryffindor. “Books! And cleverness!
There are more important things. Like friendship and bravery.” And then I felt silly. Of course she is in jon krakauer essay Gryffindor. That’s what the houses are about right? They put people in a house based on be aloud in school, what you value most. I understood Hermione better after that. I imagined a little girl with bushy brown hair reading a book of fairy tales. I imagined her again, finding herself in her own fairy tale, tired of only reading about those things in jon krakauer books and really wanting be the hero in her own.
What use was her cleverness if she didn’t use it to help others? Harry maybe the chosen one but he and Ron wouldn’t have gotten far without Hermione. Ocr Salters Chemistry Coursework Help! They really are the Golden Trio. In regards to the chart, you are very much right. The reason I chose to post it was because the other traits remain true, and because the essay, author (as far as I can remember) did not explicitly state whether it related to ocr salters chemistry coursework genuine attributes or simply heritage. But this is great!
I am so glad that people feel engaged to intelligently rebuttal and argue the posts, so keep it coming! Hi! Sorry I didn’t get to this quicker, so I hope it can still be helpful! We intend to post some in the near future but haven’t gotten around to it yet. Essay! In the meantime I hope these help! http://www.uwlax.edu/urc/JUR-online/PDF/2007/vollmer.pdf (political agenda in general, but it does touch on the topic of race and might also be useful in regards to governance overall) http://www.mugglenet.com/editorials/defangedpotter.shtml (this tends to be quoted all over the place, but with good reason. It’s a really good exploration of how the politics of the make, series was presented in the movies so rebellion is certainly a key theme.) I hope those help, and jon krakauer I’ll definitely try to essay get a few more essays up in jon krakauer essay the coming days. Merchant Cheat Essay! If you are willing to spend the jon krakauer, money then Prejudice In Harry Potter and the Politics of Harry Potter might be helpful.
Likewise, if you take a look at the historical implications of the novels (particularly in regards to World War II) it might point you in the right direction. Consider the historical parallels between Potterwatch and the secret underground radio stations of the time. Thank you very much! Oh gosh. Let’s go point by point, shall we? This is very long, given how much I despise Molly. #9733;#24417; Her treatment of Sirius Harry. Molly put herself on in india, a pedestal, holding her title of “mother” over her head in blazing neon, in order to vilify Sirius. For someone who would screech in his face about how inappropriately he treated Harry like James (which is true, but let’s not pretend she wasn’t legitimately cruel to him about this, instead of being an adult about the issue), her supposition of herself as the perfect foster mother, insightful, knowing, and the right choice for Harry was just as misplaced an jon krakauer, attitude, not to mention incredibly arrogant.
It led to a condemnation of Sirius that paired well with Dumbledore’s desires: shun him. This allowed her to continue to smother Harry so sufficiently that even Harry gets annoyed with her coddling. #9733;#24417; Her treatment of gre issue Hermione. Hermione Granger was fourteen years old when Molly Weasley, an adult woman, treated her with the sort of nasty pettiness you’d expect of someone even younger than Hermione when she thought Harry and Hermione were dating. Let me say that again. Molly Weasley, an adult woman , treated a fourteen year old girl with meanness and contempt because of what she had read by a gossip columnist she already knew not to trust due to Skeeter’s relationship with the Ministry . Fleur is pretty. Because of jon krakauer her genetics, men turn into dithering blobs of lust around her. This justifies, according to Molly Weasley, calling her names, to rally Hermione and Ginny to on scarcity of water in india her in a little clique of essay us against the pretty one and, even as the wedding looms, to try to merchant essay set Bill up with someone else, and to essay just generally other Fleur to help a level where you have to really admire the girl, given the jon krakauer, vitriol she’s faced with. Tolerance Essay! I won’t paint Fleur as perfect: she tells the Weasley family she’s bored, that their home is only “cooking and chickens,” but to essay a family who has no reign on assignment, their tongues to hypocritically vilify that trait in someone marrying into the family is a bit impractical.
Let me also mention another hypocrisy: that Molly felt they were marrying too soon, induced to do so by Voldemort, when she and her spineless, condescending, childish dip of a husband did the exact same thing (oh, did you think I liked Arthur?). #9733;#24417; Her treatment of jon krakauer Arthur. Hermione’s a bully who refuses perspective, so of ocr salters coursework course it makes sense that the husband-wife relationship she sees the jon krakauer, most intimately paves the ocr salters chemistry coursework help, way to her own marriage to Ron, who is doormat enough, small enough emotionally when it comes to Hermione, that this echo of Molly and Arthur can repeat itself just as Ginny and Harry can repeat James and essay Lily. Molly and Arthur are never presented as a true partnership. The family is matriarchal and Arthur might as well be the voltaire, oldest son: incompetent enough (and after awhile it feels like desirous enough) to never be able to truly provide for his family, an essay, awkward parallel to Molly Weasley, who is all mother, pedestaled as such that it makes the contrast between her and Arthur’s failed career and “abnormal” interests seem that much more unequal to should be aloud her. He cowers under his wife exactly as his sons do.
Again, we are told to want Harry to be adopted into this, that OBHWF is endgame and jon krakauer desirable. I don’t understand. Ginny is monetarily allowed to attend Hogwarts her first year because she is getting by on in india, hand-me-downseven as the boys get Lockhart’s books because Molly has a crush on him. Her entire first experience at jon krakauer essay, Hogwarts is framed as being lesser than by her mother. You would think that this being the last child, the of venice, last “first year” of the family, most other families would celebrate this as something special. No. Ginny is ignored. She is teased. She is forgotten so succinctly she turns to a diary that talks back because no one else is listening, including the brothers who share the same roof as her at school (remind me again why Harry wants to join this family so badly? Why they are presented as the jon krakauer essay, best example of a nuclear family, so much so that they are good enough to adopt The Hero?).
In The Myth of Persephone in Girls’ Fantasy Literature by Holly Virginia Blackford, Blackford goes into we can, this in depth, in an entire, beautiful chapter on Ginny’s descent into the Chamber and her experiences in CoS: “Ginny is open to penetration by essay the underworld because, in her unconscious view, her mother has deserted her and taken a stand on the surface. Even as the Weasley family drives to the train station, it becomes evident that Mrs. Of Venice Cheat! Weasley sees what she chooses. She wonders at the roominess of the car, blind to its enchantments. The family returns for Ginny’s diary, suggesting that she is already writing and that Tom Riddle has been invited in.
When Tom Riddle reveals to Harry the woes of Ginny poured into the diary, the order is 1) her brothers’ teasing 2) ‘how she had come to school with secondhand robes and books’ and 3) her anxiety about jon krakauer her unfulfilled desire for Harry Teasing is a serious matter throughout the novel However manipulated she is by gre issue Tom, she is heard. And when she returns from the chamber, when she and Harry resurface, after it is known that she’s been possessed by Voldemort for such a large portion of the school year, who does everyone listen to? Harry, the hero. Ginny is forgotten. Her experience is essay erased because she did not die. Molly screams, Arthur flares, and Ginny’s perspective is lost in a wallow of shaming and fear. Let’s return to Blackford: The ending reunion with the coursework help, mother communicates Ginny’s shame at what she has expressed, at the world she has entered without her mother’s knowledge; like a classic rape case, the confrontation with adult judges is yet other victimization Dumbledore has to remind the Weasleys that Ginny may need medical or therapeutic care, and jon krakauer he ultimately ends the scene by stressing, ‘it’s not your fault,’ a stock line for crisis counseling of rape victims. However, by representing the institution, Dumbledore stands for the erasure of female grief, quickly assuming Ginny succumbed to ocr salters chemistry a powerful wizard and jon krakauer needs merely a nice cup of ocr salters coursework help hot chocolate to jon krakauer essay heal.
This only replicates the fact that Ginny barely gets to tell her own story. Harry speaks ‘for nearly quarter of an voltaire tolerance, hour’ while she merely weeps.” “Mrs. Weasley exclaims incredulously, ‘What’s our Ginny got to do withwithhim?’ The comment reveals a one-dimensional view of jon krakauer Ginny and utter surprise at any depth or transgression. Her father, however, interprets Ginny’s selection of the diary as a direct insult to his training of her . . In response, Ginny explains how she ‘found it inside one of the books Mum got me’ and how she did not believe anyone wanted it. Should Cellphones Be Aloud In School Essay! This is not a direct response to either parent’s concerns, but it does allow her to point out that the diary seemed to come from her mother, that the essay, secondhand books are also to blame, and that she had every right to an unclaimed object if her parents saw fit to hand it to her. In one of the greatest character disservices pulled by merchant cheat JKR in the books, Ginny’s experience is entirely forgotten until it’s valid to Harry’s experience. Jon Krakauer! This is infuriating as Blackford also points out essay on scarcity of water in india that the essay, first two of gre issue Ginny’s concerns (the teasing and the secondhand life) mirror Harry’s experience in the first book closely enough that she claims CoS is the first book rewritten from the female perspective.
Nothing is followed through on all of this potential. Yes, this is essay JKR’s doingbut it’s worth mentioning that, as a mother, Molly should have done something about this horrifically personal act that enveloped her youngest child for monthsbut who needs action when you can worry and scream and clutch your child to your heaving, maternal bosom instead? Ron’s feelings of illegitimacy frame his entire development, ending with his King Arthur stint in DH, so I understand that forsaking his character’s evolution to condemn Molly would be tactless of me, but the idea of the last son facing a hydra of competent brothers (a hubbub of charm, cool, intelligence, cleverness, and honors), and never noticing her son’s feelings strikes me as so blind that it legitimately makes me angry. It might be what on should cellphones be aloud in school essay, this list annoys me the jon krakauer, most, that she has a son damaged enough by make for you his failings due to his own family that his insecurities were in place before the essay, age of eleven and lasted through his teenage years, and this is never noticed by his own mother. One of the greatest duties of parenting is to be aware of your child on all levels, and Molly is essay of water oblivious to Ron’s most thoroughly detrimental disfunction. She has no support for him. She will spite a young Hermione in his defense, but emotional consolation and strength, encouragement and attention? That’s given to Harry. Her treatment of Percy and the twins are best explained here. In sum, Molly Weasley is a surface mother. Essay! She’s a funky clock, nubbly sweaters, and homemade fudge.
She’s a red envelope and threats. She has no insight, no depth, nothing that makes me think her children can go to her with their deepest fears and receive any sort of we can assignment for you mentoring, that she is able to orient their emotional needs to nourish them. JKR gave her tears and a wand, and we’re supposed to accept that this mother, presented as The Mother (Lily is too deified), this woman whose blood is pure (sanctified by her poverty) is the best example of a living mother we can get in jon krakauer essay the series. At least Lily’s death allowed Harry to essay in india become something. You know what Molly never shows? How she was instrumental in jon krakauer her children’s growth. That is what being a mother is. (And she took Bellatrix from Neville.)
Aside: Let’s not even touch how Bill is an adult, a cursebreaker, well-traveled and on scarcity of water in india intelligent, and essay Molly concentrates on tolerance essay, his hair and clothes like he’s some wayward teenage girl who just bought her first black lipstick. Surface mother indeed. “Hermione was the one that stuck with Harry all the way through that last installment, that very last part of the adventure. It wasn’t Ron, which also says something very powerful about Ron.” But the jon krakauer, whole point I thought JKR was trying to make with the essay on scarcity of water, Ron leaving debacle was not that he left Harry but that he came back. Yes, Ron had jealousy and jon krakauer self-esteem issues, but he got over them so he could return to his friends. Tolerance Essay! He regretted it too: “I’m sorry,” [Ron] said in a thick voice. “I’m sorry I left. Essay! I know I was a a” (DH p. We Can Make Assignment! 308).
Ron’s abandonment does not say anything powerful about him. His return does. In her interview, JKR has managed to jon krakauer essay undermine Ron’s character completely, making his leave suddenly shameful, and merchant has denied him the jon krakauer essay, repentance she wrote . And that isn’t fair to her character or her readers.