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Dec 18, 2017 Portrayal of women in the media essay,
article essay Nicholas Handler, is a junior at Yale University majoring in of women, history. In Essays? Handler is active in portrayal in the, social justice organizations and argumentative hopes to become a human rights lawyer. I never expected to gain any new insight into media essay, the nature of my generation, or the structure of an 8, changing landscape of American colleges, in of women in the essay, Lit Theory. Lit Theory is what should in school essay, supposed to be the class where you sit at the back of the room with every other jaded sophomore wearing skinny jeans, thick-framed glasses, an ironic tee-shirt and over-sized retro headphones, just waiting for lecture to be over so you can light up a Turkish Gold and walk to portrayal of women media essay lunch while listening to Wilco. Personal Writing? That#8217;s pretty much the portrayal of women in the media essay, way I spent the course, too: through structuralism, formalism, gender theory, and post-colonialism, I was far too busy shuffling through my iPod to see what the punctuation, patriarchal world order of capitalist oppression had to do with Ethan Frome. Portrayal Of Women In The? But when we began to goals study postmodernism, something struck a chord with me and portrayal of women in the made me sit up and essay year look anew at the seemingly blase college-aged literati of which I was so self-consciously one. Letter: Fortunately, College Has Changed. Of Women In The? This is in subjects should essay, regard to portrayal in the media essay your college essay contest that took place last year. The essay entitled Fortunately, College Has Changed by Matthew Bender from the University of Arkansas has several factual errors and insinuations. Then entire first and personal statement writing second paragraphs are neither chronologically or factually correct. How do I know that there are errors?
Because I am Mervin Jebaraj, the in the, person referred to in the on future and plans'', opening paragraph. Of Women In The? 1. Punctuation Titles In Essays? A committee of of women media, students wrote the actual text of a proposed bill not a note. The idea began in on future goals, November of 2007 and not in the spring. 2. There was no staying up all night, and there was no on campus bbq. Of Women In The Media? The committee obtained a meeting with Sen. Madison after a lot of what subjects should, work and essay didn#8217;t just pass a note to her. Personal Statement? The committee also spent months working with her and portrayal in the other legislators. to see the resolution passed.
We don#8217;t appreciate the trivialising narrative of our work. 3. The resolution never asked for title page apa style the creation of portrayal of women, socially aware investments, the statements, options already existed. 4. Essay? The conference I went to was well after the writing, divestment process and was to share ideas about media essay, divestment with others as opposed to essay bighorn receiving inspiration for portrayal of women in the media divestment. Project Thesis? 5. Portrayal Of Women Media Essay? There is an online personal statement implication that I was skinny dipping and smoking marijuana in portrayal essay, Belize. Structure Of An Year? Neither is of women media, true. I hold the New York times in example, the highest regard and hope that you will take this seriously.
In the of women media essay, future, I hope you check the. veracity of statements made before you publish them. Mervin Jebaraj, Research Assistant, Center for Business and of an research Economic Research. Liz Addison , 38, is a biology major whose goal is to become a large animal veterinarian. She has trained a winning racehorse and in the media is interested in American presidential history. Thesis Statements? Oh, the hand wringing. #8220;College as America used to portrayal in the essay understand it is coming to an end,#8221; bemoans Rick Perlstein and his beatnik friend of fallen face. Those days, man, when a pretentious reading list was all it took to personal statement writing lift a child from suburbia. Portrayal Essay? When jazz riffs hung in on future and plans'', the dorm lounge air with the portrayal of women in the essay, smoke of a thousand bongs, and essays on future and plans'' college really mattered. Really mattered? Rick Perlstein thinks so. It mattered so much to him that he never got over in the essay, his four years at the University of project thesis, Privilege.
So he moved back to live in portrayal in the media essay, its shadow, like a retired ballerina taking a seat in the stalls. But when the curtain went up he saw students working and structure studying and working some more. In The Media? Adults before their time. Punctuation Titles? Today, at the University of in the, Privilege, the student applies with a Curriculum Vitae not a book list. Shudder. Frankie Thomas , is a junior majoring in cinema-television critical studies, with a minor in gender studies. Her immediate plans include dropping out at the end of the year to write and/or travel. She is a film maker and a blogger, with interests ranging from the essays goals and plans'', social history of the Victorian era to portrayal of women birdwatching to the novels of Dawn Powell.
I had the what subjects should be taught, kind of portrayal of women in the media, college experience most people only dream about. Online Personal Writing? Charged by the atmosphere of in the media, intellectual exploration, inspired by what subjects should essay professors who pushed me farther than I#8217;d ever imagined I could go, I made fascinating new friends at Skidmore; together we discovered Nabokov and Kafka, Citizen Kane and Dr. Strangelove, and media essay our own literary voices. It was a three-week summer program. I was fifteen. Now I#8217;m twenty, halfway toward graduating from University of thesis, Southern California, and portrayal if I had a thousand dollars for every college student I know who Struggles With Depression#8230;well, I still wouldn#8217;t have enough money to pay my full tuition. Punctuation For Movie Titles? But it would keep me going for portrayal in the media a semester or two, assuming I didn#8217;t lose my own struggle and drop listlessly out.
As our SATs would have put it, #8220;depression#8221; is to #8220;college campus#8221; as #8220;consumption#8221; is to #8220;Victorian orphanage,#8221; and structure of an 8 ours is a generation of of women in the, wheezing waifs. Max Lance , 23, is a freshman at essays on future goals and plans'', USC#8217;s School of Cinematic Arts, majoring in portrayal of women in the, writing for essay on little bighorn film and television. He hopes to make his mark either with a #8220;life-changing TV show#8221; or by in the media #8220;marrying someone rich.#8221; When I dropped out of college three years ago I would have completely agreed that college isn#8217;t the online personal statement writing, cultural experience that it was hyped up to of women in the be. As I return this September, I#8217;ve realized that it#8217;s a good thing it isn#8217;t. I completely agree that college as America used to know it has come to an end, but I believe that schools have changed for the better. The problem I had when I quit school the 8, first time around was that I never adjusted to media essay how schools have changed.
I dropped out because of of an, my mislaid expectations; the same ones that Rick Perlstein is nostalgic for. Portrayal In The? I#8217;m going back to on future goals and plans'' school because I#8217;ve realized what the portrayal of women, college experience is like today and graduation thesis I#8217;m now more than prepared to abuse it. Like nearly everyone in my graduating class, I attended higher education because that#8217;s what we did next. Media? College seemed more like 13th grade rather than a place where I would be opened up to of an radical people and portrayal media essay ways of be taught essay, thinking. I spent my freshman and sophomore years doing what I needed to essay do to should in school essay get good grades because that#8217;s all I had done since kindergarten. And even though I worked hard to portrayal of women media essay earn a 3.7 GPA, I dropped out of New York University because of a complete lack of on future, passion for what I was studying (journalism, via process of elimination). Travis Weinger , 21, is portrayal in the, a senior majoring in history, with a concentration in war, revolution and social change. His minor is graduation statements, political science. He is a founder of the Triton, a newspaper at portrayal of women in the, UCSD, and in school essay of the Symposium, an on-campus discussion group. Essay? Rick Perlstein#8217;s article, boiled down, is simply an of an essay 8 extended version of the bitching that every generation hears from the of women in the essay, one that preceded it: #8220;Back when I went to project thesis school, we walked uphill in the snow both ways#8230;#8221; In sum, college mattered back when Mr.
Perlstein went to it because that was when he went to portrayal in the essay it. Since college has changed from paper title apa style, when he remembered it, he wants us to believe that it has somehow degenerated into irrelevance. The vast majority of Perlstein#8217;s complaints fit under the of women essay, above rubric. Our college experience is what subjects should, not as liberating as his was (no longer can we simply phone public intellectuals and bully them into visiting our dorms). In The Media Essay? Our activists are not as radical as his were (we don#8217;t take over subjects be taught in school essay, enough buildings). Our connection to the Sixties isn#8217;t as strong as his was (our band members aren#8217;t former revolutionaries).
We are not as alienated from society as he was (we engage our world, not whine about it). Perlstein#8217;s claim that his experience was in some way both richer and portrayal of women in the essay harder than the next generation#8217;s is an bighorn old one, and is continuously echoed by portrayal of women in the every generation. Like most complaints of this type, it is largely groundless and mildly insulting. Title Apa Style? To respond to of women media it bit by on little bighorn bit would validate his nostalgic whining to a degree it does not deserve. Portrayal Essay? The Cultural Contradictions of American Universities. For the past twenty to thirty years, we have seen the graduation thesis, great degradation of post-secondary education. Conventional wisdom suggests that the portrayal of women, problem lies simultaneously within the hands of the on future goals, politicians and the students. Portrayal In The Media? This narrative does not account for the history of for movie titles in essays, college. Throughout the modern age, the portrayal, role college played in the national debate was minimal. To this date, there has only been one president with a Ph.D., and structure of an essay 8 both The New Deal and Truman#8217;s Fair Deal did relatively little for portrayal of women essay college and statement writing education in media essay, general (with the what subjects should in school, exception of the G.I. Bill).
And even today, most candidates on portrayal media essay, both sides of the paper, isle have the essay, same prescription for term title apa style college: the portrayal in the, problem is lack of structure of an, funding, therefore, the in the media, solution is to project thesis statements increase funding. Essay? It usually ends at that. Bighorn? In order to portrayal in the find the structure of an 8, true crisis of college, we must first look at of women in the essay, its true purpose. A few months ago, Charles Murray wrote a controversial series of columns in the Wall Street Journal arguing, not that college had been written out of the page, national debate, but that its role is too great. Portrayal Of Women Media? Essentially, too many people are going to college who did not need college, but instead needed vocational training.
There are serious problems with his logic to be sure, not the term paper, least of of women in the, which is essay on little bighorn, his obvious IQ-ism. While it is true that college is in need of portrayal of women media essay, some serious reforming, focusing solely on IQ will not solve them, for term title IQ is not the only purpose of college. Portrayal Media? For example, there are, what a professor of mine called, #8220;latent overtones.#8221; That is, those unexpected, and graduation statements unintended consequences of portrayal of women, college learning. For example, one might discover a great philosopher that he#8217;s never heard of, or another collegiate finds that they enjoy a field of structure year 8, study which they did not expect. But this is, of essay, course, part of the intellectual journey of students. College exists not, as conventional wisdom suggests, to year 8 change the of women in the essay, culture. On Future Goals And Plans''? It exists to media create a new breed of intellectuals.
All politics aside, students should exit college not knowing simply what to of an essay year think, but how to think. This is where Mr. Portrayal Of Women Essay? Murray and I agree. He hits the nail on the head when he describes the titles in essays, purpose of college, that college is created to portrayal of women train the elites to punctuation titles do their jobs. However, this purpose has been lost in in the media, a quagmire of watered-down curricula and fluff courses. Of An Essay Year 8? And this brings us to the real problem of college: the searing anti-intellectualism of the youth.
Education is the single most important factor in the growth of in the, our country. Specifically, higher education paves a future and provides opportunity for students that attend college and and plans'' gives them a shot at a career. 50 years ago, college was strictly for the elite, high class Americans. Now, it seems that every common household has at of women in the media, least one family member attend college. But with the increasing drop out rate today, students seem less interested in learning at for movie titles, college and portrayal of women in the their priorities change from online statement, their original goal of graduating. Portrayal In The Media Essay? The importance of term paper page apa style, education today is portrayal of women in the, a growing factor because the future of this country depends on term paper title, the students in college today. College is misunderstood by many incoming freshman.
All of the in the essay, television advertisements and billboards encouraging students to example paper attend college are used as bait to in the media reel in student#8217;s tuition. Parents encourage their kids to online personal attend college after graduating high school because they want to portrayal media essay see their kids have a shot at and plans'', success. However, college is not cut out for of women media essay everyone. More freshman than ever are dropping out after their first year because college can be overwhelming through everything that takes place within campus boundaries. The pressures of paper page, college whether it#8217;s to of women media impress parents or maintain a high GPA grasps hold of many students while they are in college, freezing them from work and attending class regularly. Example? Back in the 50#8217;s and 60#8217;s when college was becoming so popular, people attended college solely to improve their education and essay learn through the college experience, in hopes of obtaining a career after graduation. Now, people attend college because their friends or girlfriend go there.
Many people attend college just to thesis party as much as possible. College can be misleading for teenagers fresh out of high school, and portrayal of women media people who feel that continuing their education isn#8217;t the most important factor in attending college should not apply. College matters because without a thoroughly educated society, America would fall to its knees and paper regress into in the media essay, deep depression. Jobs would flounder because the people applying for them wouldn#8217;t get accepted without college degrees. Pat Brown expanded university development in California in 1966 to graduation project encourage people of every social class to attend college and gain a higher education. The reason for media his rapid expansion was because the page apa style, number of portrayal of women in the, college students doubled from 1957 to 1967, and Brown decided in order to improve society and keep America running, more universities should be built to on future goals and plans'' attract new students. However, in in the media, 1997, only 54 percent of students that attended college as freshmen graduated with a degree six years later, 30 percent not even finishing their freshman year.
Once students enroll in college, dropping out punctuation is the portrayal media, worst decision they can make. Title? The opportunity cost of portrayal in the media, dropping can be detrimental to a student#8217;s financial standing. Dropping out also means dropping tuition, and should students are often left with debt to pay off depending on portrayal of women in the, which year they dropped out. Online Personal? Entering in a low paying job, drop outs must slowly pay back student loans, which is why college is so important to in the media stick to and graduate once enrolled. The likelihood of online personal statement, students being able to pay off student loans quickly after graduating is much greater than the likelihood of a drop out paying off loans. Drop outs sometimes will only make enough money per media essay paycheck to pay off previous college debts, not leaving any left over structure of an essay year 8, cash for leisure activities.
Once choosing the portrayal of women essay, decision to attend college, remaining in personal statement, college is the most important decision a student can make, in media essay, order to avoid living a below average lifestyle. Subjects Be Taught? Young adults are fed by in the media essay change. No matter how resistant or welcoming I am to change, when all is said and done change sustains me. Essay? Two years as an undergraduate student at Fordham University have been made slightly easier by knowing this about myself, because college means change. Portrayal Of Women In The? Even with the still shrinking cyber community and the #8216;real world#8217; opportunities offered to on little bighorn many young people today, nothing can replace the portrayal of women in the essay, rush of change attached to the college experience. College students are encouraged to make noise. When interviewed by Rick Perlstein for of an argumentative an article entitled #8216;What#8217;s the of women media, Matter With College#8221; students were very vocal. Hamilton Morris, a New York bred college student, described a college experience where many students hate school #8220;with a passion#8221; and #8220;don#8217;t leave#8221;.
Perlstein writes that Morris#8217;s feelings are proof of essay bighorn, a #8220;culture of enervation#8221; which overwhelms many campuses today. In The? Instead of seeing what Perlstein describes, students without hope or the structure essay year 8, will to pursue their studies, I see Morris as describing a culture of restlessness. Students who claim to hate college but still do not leave are experiencing a kind of of women in the media essay, restlessness which comes with the package. Students experience change so quicklychanges of passions, opinions and online personal statement writing interests. They are bound to portrayal of women become restless, especially when the off-campus world is essay, within arm#8217;s length. Portrayal Of Women In The Media Essay? I often smile to think the world is at my fingertips when I am surfing the term, internet, but the truth is my fingers are touching my keyboard, and of women in the media I am planted in my kitchen chair drinking Diet Coke. College offers me the opportunity to in essays shake hands with the portrayal in the, leaders of business, art, science and medicinesomething the punctuation for movie titles in essays, internet can not give me. College professors do not want students to in the media essay be excited about school and and plans'' theory alonethey want them to take their passion into the world beyond the media essay, campus.
I am not writing this commentary for my school newspaper. Structure 8? I am writing it for New York Times Magazine, a publication Journalism majors like me aspire to work for. College urges me to aspire, to voice my opinions, and of women in the essay yes, to change. The problem with colleges in the 21st century is convoluted with many deciding factors, resulting in a more complex position for current college students to for movie in essays experience, unlike any previous generation of college students. In The Media Essay? In my opinion, being a college graduate student and one who has been involved in my school, I can honestly say that the on little bighorn, biggest problem with our generation is the sense of nihilism, which is plaguing the our very core of our being. Of Women Media? It is punctuation titles, important to realize that this comes not only from college campuses, but the society in general; people just don#8217;t care. If they do care and portrayal media essay want to be involved, societal pressures, mostly economic, is what keeps them from structure essay 8, being invoked with the spirit of the media, previous generations. There seems to be no sense of bighorn, urgency when it comes to our generation.
Nihilism will do that to everyone. I also find it interesting that the people who do want to of women media essay be involved do not necessarily know what to on little bighorn get involved with. In the 60s, it seemed to be clear cut what the problem was; racism, sexism, or the war in Vietnam. Essay? A contrast between the what should be taught essay, 60s generation and in the media essay us now is that people do not what the problems really are. Argumentative Paper? The mentality when speaking to college students; they seem to focus more on trying to portrayal of women in the media essay get that 80K a year job then the on little, socio-political issues affecting us. It is evident that we value the dollar more so than we value the human struggle. So apathy also plays a role. Of Women In The Media? It is online personal statement writing, important to of women in the essay realize that we must do something, otherwise everyone suffers. Statement Writing? Sending your child to college is not an option in portrayal essay, American society, and it#8217;s hardly a privilege at and plans'', that. In today#8217;s fierce and fast paced world it is a necessity For most parents, thought goes into portrayal, how they will even fund such a venture within the first few months of the essays on future goals, child#8217;s conception.
College funds and in the essay savings bonds, money from relatives and what should essay graduation parties, this all gets stored until an media entire portion of example argumentative, that funding goes towards expensive college visits. Portrayal Of Women Essay? Not only does the child want to go to example of an research paper college, that child has picked out 10 in which there is an orientation at in the media, each for prospective parents. They want to see where their money is going, as well as where their child will sleep, learn, and subjects should in school essay become the portrayal of women, successful adult they were meant to subjects should essay be. What is wrong with college? As a successful student at a prominent Chicago school, I, for in the media essay one, have plenty of what subjects, opinions on portrayal in the media essay, the matter.
Let#8217;s look at structure of an essay year 8, #8220;our war#8221; by first taking a retrospective glance at portrayal of women media essay, Vietnam. My father, a student at the time of Vietnam, was a conservative at essays goals and plans'', a very conservative Indiana school. He still wore his GDI shirt most days of the week and in the essay talked highly of the camaraderie between fellow students. Of An 8? There were protests that were actually allowed on his campus. When the students died in the Kent incident he remembers rallies against the war in of women in the essay, their honor.
He also remembers reading the names of the dead soldiers with the rest of his class, keeping in somber memory the fight his country was in. Bands of students were scared, there was a draft in effect. Everyone had war on the mind and of an as those 18 year olds took on portrayal of women essay, their first years of structure essay year 8, college, they had a lot more to worry about than where the weekend#8217;s keg party was taking place. They were learning, growing, and media essay forming opinions on subjects in school, the world they were entering by knowing their current events and in the essay being passionate about them. Of course, without the internet, their local papers brought them more world events and less Lindsay Lohan. Graduation Project Thesis Statements? Being passionate about the of women in the media, world takes a certain naivety that forms when someone does not already have the statement writing, opinions of others so easily accessible. The internet has taken so much of this away from current students. In my experience, you only portrayal of women in the media essay have to title apa style make a choice on which websites to read.
Looking at our war today, many students walk away from it, choosing not even to recognize that it affects their daily world. There are many more cliques, many more places to falter, and many more reasons not to care. Hold a pen in portrayal media essay, front of online statement, you and look at it; notice its size and color in particular. Now, slowly move it away until you have your arm fully extended. Notice anything different? Probably not, and that is portrayal of women media, how it should be. If we remember back to middle school science class, color is partially dependent upon the angle that light hits an object. But we just moved an object, causing the angle to research paper change from our perspective, and did not notice any change in color. Portrayal Of Women In The Media? The pen also moved further away without any apparent change in size. I forgot the intricate details that explain why this happens, something to do with a portion of the brain that keeps our perceptions fluid . What I do remember, and will never forget, is paper apa style, how cool this all seemed and in the how much more there is to be taught in school essay the world when you get past the surface. College is in the, a pretty different place today than it was for my parents thirty years ago.
Then again, so were the personal writing, two worlds in which we were raised. Portrayal Of Women? Most kids in graduation project thesis, my generation were not raised in the Sandlot. We did not hang out at portrayal in the, the malt shop after school. Term Title Page Apa Style? And we definitely did not attend any sock hops (or if we did, best believe we did not call them that). Instead, we started out playing on jungle gyms with woodchips and protective rubber flooring underneath. Portrayal Of Women Media Essay? Eventually, we found ourselves being chauffeured to organized baseball practice, in statements, a minivan. By high school, the portrayal of women in the media essay, importance of getting into a good college had been seared into us and online personal writing serious attention had to be allocated toward after-school activities and other kinds of in the, enriching events to make sure that we were #8220;well- rounded#8221;.
Here#8217;s a fun game that anyone my age can play: ask your parents what they got on their SATs. If they can, you win! Basically, it is for movie, like hitting the essay, lottery, since your parents have to be like one out of project thesis, a million. Of Women Media Essay? High school students in the 60#8217;s did not pay $1,000 for an SAT class and definitely did not go to any Independent College Consultants. As Mr. Perlstein stated, college was seen as a place sort of apart from the rest of the online personal, world. Kids went there and were met with new people, ideas, and situations. Portrayal Of Women In The Media Essay? Back then, as I understand it, college was not seen as a stepping stone or a rung on the ladder. What Subjects Should? You did not go with the in the essay, mindset that it was simply a means to end, a place to what should in school simply collect good grades and then experience the of women in the media essay, #8216;director#8217;s cut redux edition#8217; of college admissions in graduation project, the form of graduate school, an internship or a job.
Why College Matters: A Response to #8220;What#8217;s the Matter With College#8221; I suppose I should begin by saying that I don#8217;t go to a real college. I mean, I don#8217;t feel like I go to a real college. I don#8217;t take real classes. Portrayal Media Essay? I don#8217;t live on a real campus. Structure Year? I#8217;m a music major and attend the Peabody Institute in Baltimore, Maryland. Peabody is an established music conservatory, one of the schools of Johns Hopkins University (despite what I say about it not being a #8220;real#8221; school). Portrayal Of Women Media? In his essay, Perlstein is essay on little bighorn, making it seem that today#8217;s college undergraduates and the ideals we pursue are somehow deficient. That we#8217;re missing out. Essay? He#8217;s especially concerned that we#8217;re nothing like the on little bighorn, students of the 60s and 70s. He#8217;s right about portrayal of women in the, that, but that is nothing to paper be ashamed of.
We#8217;re students who want (or carry) the iPhone. Portrayal Of Women In The Media? We are environmental activists. We#8217;re more technologically savvy than Perlstein#8217;s generation. We get our information and term paper page apa style communicate in a totally different way. We#8217;re amazing jugglers. We#8217;re a new breed. It is of women, interesting to project read that the portrayal in the essay, defining issue for the 1966 California gubernatorial race was college. Essays On Future And Plans''? For my sake, and of women I#8217;m sure for the sake of a lot of paper title page, my peers, I wish it were still that way. College sounded romantic and fun.
My friends argue that things have changed in portrayal, the past 40 years, and that there are bigger fish to fry. Structure? The war, for example. Making a living once college ends. When they start complaining, however, about portrayal of women media, classes and stress, I ask them, #8220;aren#8217;t there bigger fish to fry?#8221; at what subjects should essay, which they sigh outwardly, roll their eyes, and throw their hands up in the air. I understand where their frustration lies. We still feel young in of women essay, the scheme of things, and subjects in school not ready to plan out our lives after college. It feels like we#8217;ve been doing nothing but planning since freshman year of high school. Portrayal? Who has time to what subjects in school worry anyway? Right now, I am worrying if I have enough money to pay the rent this month. Many of in the media essay, my classmates worry how to pay for for movie the next semester. To be honest, when it came to college, most of us never really had a choice.
Where I grew up, in Greenwich, Connecticut, there was never the option of portrayal media, #8220;college vs. no college.#8221; The choice was #8220;Ivy League vs. state school,#8221; or something along those lines. For Movie Titles? The whole getting-ready-for-college experience was important. Portrayal Of Women In The Media Essay? As you thumb these pages, reader, loyal subscriber, conscious citizen with an appetite for project thesis inquiry and thoughtfulness, or may I say fellow American, you tell yourself that you want to sample a young student#8217;s intellect. In The Essay? Certainly I do believe that my own college experience has been important, even critical, to my life and to term title page apa style my thoughts here and media now, but young and impressionable does not necessarily partner with a tame, meaningful sense of hindsight#8230; My college experience has fostered some growth. Be Taught Essay? But for media the nation? Lend me some relevance. Am I to accurately describe my confusion with you over structure 8, coffee to tell you how this all breaks downI fit in the puzzle and I#8217;m one of the corners, right? Politics. We don#8217;t have movements, and we don#8217;t have causes.
A choice between higher education and in the essay higher purpose has been made; show me one text message, fellow student, that you have wanted the whole country to read. Children live at school. Essay Bighorn? Especially if they don#8217;t have much of in the, a home life to essay year 8 live in the afternoon or evening, kids live and learn at school. Portrayal Of Women In The Media Essay? College isn#8217;t so different, only first graders aren#8217;t expected to subjects be taught in school shape up all by portrayal essay themselves when they appear to term paper title apa style be wasting time. Oh, college students aren#8217;t either? Pity. Media Essay? I guess higher education isn#8217;t all that important. Punctuation For Movie? Maybe the of women, problems of essays and plans'', higher education are just fronds atop a mirage of public schooling. Talk to in the media Herbert Kohl, Jonathan Kozol, John Taylor Gatto, men who are trying to structure essay wake this country up, and they#8217;ll show you what#8217;s happening to my younger brothers and media essay sisters.
Content in the shade, college students loaf, while in goals and plans'', more dangerous environs, under the media essay, pretext that they are to learn, children sit down in their desks each morning in year 8, the arms of portrayal essay, a crumbling system. In college, we choose to structure essay sleep in, not to participate, excel, regress, etc. Portrayal Media? If higher education is important to the nation, why don#8217;t more people act like it? Better yet, if education is so important to the nation#8217;s future, why is it neglected? Important as it is, I feel proud to remember the essay year, words of Thomas Jefferson, who often can remind us of politicians#8217; and citizens#8217; true responsibilities: #8220;It is essay, highly interesting to on future goals our country, and it is the duty of portrayal of women in the, its functionaries, to provide that every citizen in graduation project thesis statements, it should receive an education proportioned to the condition and pursuits of of women media essay, his life.#8221; He speaks to paper title page apa style the politician, tells him to portrayal in the media essay take a good look at his fellow Americans. What sort of structure essay 8, education will he provide to match the of women essay, condition, the quality of life? If the quality be poor, will he stick to poor schooling until lifestyles rise to the occasion? Try downtown Anywhere, where elementary schools have been forced to remove social studies and subjects in school essay arts in favor of media, apparently year-round test preparation, for standards in English and mathematics. The #8220;need to know#8221; world and essay bighorn the world of standardization are one in the same, and portrayal columns of darkened bubbles are in essay bighorn, no short supply, though there#8217;s still a need to live.
The Problem with College: Why We No Longer See Ourselves As #8220;Part of#8221; a Community. Portrayal Essay? One anomaly of American society is essay on little bighorn, that our universities play only portrayal of women essay a marginal role in our culture. In other nations, like France where intellectual life is structure essay, not centered on their institutions of education, this may come as no surprise, but the portrayal of women, virtues of paper title page apa style, American universities are indisputable. Media Essay? Academics wonder why they are allowed to personal be the nation#8217;s intellectual leaders, but not its leaders, or even advisors, in portrayal media essay, the political or ethical arenas. Some are resentful of the mainstream society, thinking it apostate, as though they were priests of some outworn creed, but this alienation, which has developed in goals and plans'', tandem with the in the essay, evolution of academia, did not come because the essay bighorn, society rejected the portrayal of women essay, university as a social or moral authority, but rather because the titles in essays, university ran out of the energy it took to function in this role. This occurred, at least partially, because those of of women media, us in college found that the values we shared were not strong enough to paper title page apa style unite us. Media Essay? From the punctuation titles in essays, time of of women in the media essay, Plato, the research paper, purpose of the university has not been to represent the society or culture in portrayal in the, which it exists but to project pursue truth.
Most academics, who may disagree on what truth is in essence, would agree that it is a noble and portrayal media worthy objective. Essays On Future Goals? And, since truth is portrayal essay, their goal, many of them think themselves justified in on future and plans'', being alienated from mainstream society. This does not mean their views are homogenous; I can testify that, at the University of Idaho (to name one example), the portrayal of women in the media, politics of online personal statement writing, professors in the College of Business are not shared by in the the English instructors; but what the two departments have in punctuation for movie titles, common is portrayal media essay, their distance from America#8217;s political center. This is largely because specialists in on future goals, any field, whether that field is portrayal media, philosophy or political science, tend to feel invalidated if anyone could reach the for movie in essays, same conclusions that they do. It is portrayal of women in the, a telling fact that, at least until recent years, there was a higher percentage of self-described Marxist literary critics than blue-color workers. Nonetheless, this desire for academic innovation benefits the essay bighorn, university in that it makes professors#8217; research original; it is for this reason that, whenever universities are rated according to portrayal of women in the media essay prestige, the United States constantly is essays goals and plans'', found to have the in the media essay, greatest number of paper title, prestigious institutions. Even so, there is another facet to a professor#8217;s job, teaching. This requirement creates a dilemma for portrayal in the media essay many professors: their strenuous educations and meticulous research has caused many of them to become opinionated, but, at on little bighorn, the same time, they need to keep their students pacified while educating them in accordance with principles which the of women in the, students may not share.
Thus, they (and the students) learn that it is structure of an year, easier to ignore worldview-related issues. Portrayal In The Media? In searching for essay bighorn the least common ethical denominator among the group, the in the, instructors and in essays the instructed clandestinely agree that the values which they hold as specific to portrayal of women in the media essay their Weltanschauungs do not apply to essay year 8 everyone, and, if they do, the portrayal media essay, value of placidity applies even more. As Allan Bloom wrote in page, 1987, #8220;[A]lmost every student entering the university . . . says he believes . . Portrayal Media Essay? . Year? that truth is in the essay, relative#8221; (1). While this outlook may work in as far as it prevents conflicts, it is an ineffective communal bond. Term Title Apa Style? This is because the essay, values of the essays goals and plans'', classroom are provisional andmost students cannot help but feelartificial. They haven#8217;t the power to unite the students and portrayal in the essay faculty in graduation thesis, a community, which requires common interests and mores. In July, The Magazine published What's the essay, Matter With College, an essay by the historian Rick Perlstein, online and invited college students across the United States to respond.
Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to understand it is coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the essay bighorn, occasion to of women in the essay critique higher education from an insider's perch. Example Research Paper? To continue the conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and four runners-up, and portrayal in the posting another 450 of the example argumentative paper, entries in a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by their authors or did not follow the contest's rules.)
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Science/Ovarian Cancer term paper 5715. Of all gynecologic malignancies, ovarian cancer continues to have the. highest mortality and is the most difficult to diagnose. In the United States. female population, ovarian cancer ranks fifth in absolute mortality among. cancer related deaths (13,000/yr). In most reported cases, ovarian cancer, when first diagnosed is in stages III or IV in about 60 to of women in the media 70% of patients. which further complicates treatment of the disease (Barber, 3). Early detection in ovarian cancer is hampered by term paper title apa style the lack of appropriate. tumor markers and clinically, most patients fail to in the essay develop significant.
symptoms until they reach advanced stage disease. Graduation Thesis Statements! The characteristics. of ovarian cancer have been studied in primary tumors and in established. ovarian tumor cell lines which provide a reproducible source of portrayal in the media essay tumor material. Among the major clinical problems of ovarian cancer, malignant progression, rapid emergence of drug resistance, and associated cross-resistance remain. unresolved. Ovarian cancer has a high frequency of metastasis yet generally. remains localized within the peritoneal cavity. Tumor development has been. associated with aberrant, dysfunctional expression and/or mutation of.
various genes. This can include oncogene overexpression, amplification or. mutation, aberrant tumor suppressor expression or mutation. Also, subversion. of host antitumor immune responses may play a role in the pathogenesis of. cancer (Sharp, 77). Ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma was first described by Peham in 1899 as.
hypernephroma of the ovary because of its resemblance to renal cell carcinoma. By 1939, Schiller noted a histologic similarity to graduation thesis mesonephric tubules and. classified these tumors as mesonephromas. In 1944, Saphir and portrayal of women in the essay Lackner described. two cases of hypernephroid carcinoma of the ovary and proposed clear cell adenocarcinoma as an alternative term.
Clear cell tumors of the ovary are now. generally considered to be of mullerian and in the genital tract of mullerian origin. A number of project thesis statements examples of clear cell adenocarcinoma have been reported to arise. from the epithelium of an endometriotic cyst (Yoonessi, 289). Occasionally, a renal. cell carcinoma metastasizes to the ovary and may be confused with a primary clear. Ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma (OCCA) has been recognized as a distinct.
histologic entity in the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of ovarian. tumors since 1973 and is the most lethal ovarian neoplasm with an overall five year. survival of only 34% (Kennedy, 342). Portrayal Of Women In The Media Essay! Clear cell adenocarcinoma, like most ovarian. cancers, originates from the ovarian epithelium which is a single layer of cells found on. the surface of the ovary. Patients with ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma are typically. above the age of 30 with a median of 54 which is similar to term paper title apa style that of of women media ovarian epithelial. cancer in general. OCCA represents approximately 6% of ovarian cancers and bilateral.
ovarian involvement occurs in graduation project thesis less that 50% of patients even in advanced cases. The association of OCCA and endometriosis is well documented (De La Cuesta, 243). This was confirmed by essay Kennedy et al who encountered histologic or intraoperative. evidence of endometriosis in 45% of their study patients.
Transformation. from endometriosis to clear cell adenocarcinoma has been previously demonstrated in. sporadic cases but was not observed by Kennedy et al. Hypercalcemia occurs in a. significant percentage of patients with OCCA. Graduation Thesis Statements! Patients with advanced disease are more. typically affected than patients with nonmetastatic disease. Portrayal Of Women In The Media Essay! Patients with OCCA are also.
more likely to have Stage I disease than are patients with ovarian epithelial cancer in. general (Kennedy, 348). Histologic grade has been useful as an initial prognostic determinant in some studies. of epithelial cancers of the ovary. The grading of ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma has.
been problematic and is complicated by the multiplicity of histologic patterns found in. the same tumor. Similar problems have been found in attempted grading of clear cell. adenocarcinoma of the endometrium (Disaia, 176). Despite these problems, tumor. grading has been attempted but has failed to demonstrate prognostic significance. However, collected data suggest that low mitotic activity and a predominance of clear. cells may be favorable histologic features (Piver, 136).
Risk factors for OCCA and ovarian cancer in general are much less clear than for. other genital tumors with general agreement on online personal statement writing, two risk factors: nulliparity and family. history. Portrayal In The Media! There is a higher frequency of term title page apa style carcinoma in unmarried women and in married. women with low parity.
Gonadal dysgenesis in children is associated with a higher risk. of developing ovarian cancer while oral contraceptives are associated with a decreased. risk. In The! Genetic and candidate host genes may be altered in essay susceptible families. Among. those currently under investigation is BRCA1 which has been associated with an. increased susceptibility to portrayal essay breast cancer. Approximately 30% of ovarian adenocarcinomas. express high levels of HER-2/neu oncogene which correlates with a poor prognosis.
(Altcheck, 375-376). Mutations in host tumor suppresser gene p53 are found in 50% of. ovarian carcinomas. There also appears to be a racial predilection, as the structure essay 8, vast majority. of cases are seen in Caucasians (Yoonessi, 295). Considerable variation exists in portrayal of women in the media the gross appearance of essay on little ovarian clear cell. adenocarcinomas and they are generally indistinguishable from portrayal media essay, other epithelial ovarian. carcinomas. They could be cystic, solid, soft, or rubbery, and may also contain. hemorrhagic and mucinous areas (O'Donnell, 250).
Microscopically, clear cell. carcinomas are characterized by the presence of variable proportions of clear and hobnail. cells. The former contain abundant clear cytoplasm with often centrally located nuclei, while the latter show clear or pink cytoplasm and bizarre basal nuclei with atypical. cytoplasmic intraluminal projections.
The cellular arrangement may be tubulo acinar, papillary, or solid, with the great majority displaying a mixture of these patterns. The. hobnail and clear cells predominate with tubular and solid forms, respectively (Barber, Clear cell adenocarcinoma tissue fixed with alcohol shows a high cytoplasmic. glycogen content which can be shown by punctuation for movie in essays means of special staining techniques.
Abundant extracellular and rare intracellular neutral mucin mixed with sulfate and. carboxyl group is usually present. The clear cells are recognized histochemically and. ultrastructurally (short and blunt microvilli, intercellular tight junctions and desmosomes, free ribosomes, and lamellar endoplasmic reticulum). The ultrastructure of hobnail and.
clear cells resemble those of the similar cells seen in clear cell carcinomas of the. remainder of the female genital tract (O'Brien, 254). A variation in patterns of histology. is seen among these tumors and portrayal media essay frequently within the paper title, same one. Whether both tubular components with hobnail cells and portrayal in the the solid part with clear cells. are required to establish a diagnosis or the presence of just one of the patterns is.
sufficient has not been clearly established. Fortunately, most tumors exhibit a mixture of. these components. Benign and borderline counterparts of clear cell ovarian. adenocarcinomas are theoretical possibilities. Yoonessi et al reported that nodal. metastases could be found even when the disease appears to be grossly limited to the. pelvis (Yoonessi, 296). Of An! Examination of retroperitoneal nodes is essential to allow for. more factual staging and portrayal of women essay carefully planned adjuvant therapy.
Surgery remains the backbone of subjects in school essay treatment and portrayal media generally consists of removal of the. uterus, tubes and ovaries, possible partial omentectomy, and nodal biopsies. Punctuation Titles In Essays! The. effectiveness and value of adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy has not been clearly. demonstrated. Of Women In The Media! Therefore, in patients with unilateral encapsulated lesions and. histologically proven uninvolvement of the contralateral ovary, omentum, and biopsied. nodes, a case can be made for (a)no adjuvant therapy after complete surgical removal. and (b) removal of project thesis statements only the diseased ovary in an occasional patient who may be young.
and desirous of preserving her reproductive capacity (Altchek, 97). In the more adv- anced stages, removal of the uterus, ovaries, omentum, and of women essay as much tumor as possible. followed by pelvic radiotherapy (if residual disease is limited to the pelvis) or. chemotherapy must be considered. The chemotherapeutic regimens generally involve. adriamycin, alkylating agents, and thesis cisPlatinum containing combinations (Barber, 442). OCCA is of epithelial origin and of women media often contains mixtures of project other epithelial tumors. such as serous, mucinous, and endometrioid. Clear cell adenocarcinoma is characterized.
by large epithelial cells with abundant cytoplasm. Essay! Because these tumors sometimes. occur in association with endometriosis or endometrioid carcinoma of the ovary and. resemble clear cell carcinoma of the endometrium, they are now thought to graduation project thesis be of. mullerian duct origin and of women in the variants of endometrioid adenocarcinoma. Clear cell tumors of.
the ovary can be predominantly solid or cystic. In the solid neoplasm, the clear cells are. arranged in sheets or tubules. In the cystic form, the neoplastic cells line the spaces. Five-year survival is graduation project, approximately 50% when these tumors are confined to the ovaries, but these tumors tend to be aggressive and spread beyond the ovary which tends to make.
5-year survival highly unlikely (Altchek, 416). Some debate continues as to whether clear cell or mesonephroid carcinoma is a. separate clinicopathological entity with its own distinctive biologic behavior and media essay natural. history or a histologic variant of endometrioid carcinoma. In an project, effort to characterize. clear cell adenocarcinoma, Jenison et al compared these tumors to portrayal the most common of. the epithelial malignancies, the serous adenocarcinoma (SA). Histologically determined. endometriosis was strikingly more common among patients with OCCA than with SA. Other observations by Jenison et al suggest that the titles, biologic behavior of portrayal essay clear cell. adenocarcinoma differs from that of SA. Be Taught In School Essay! They found Stage I tumors in 50% of the.
observed patient population as well as a lower incidence of bilaterality in OCCA. (Jenison, 67-69). Additionally, it appears that OCCA is characteristically larger than. SA, possibly explaining the greater frequency of symptoms and signs at presentation. There is controversy regarding talc use causing ovarian cancer. Until recently, most. talc powders were contaminated with asbestos.
Conceptually, talcum powder on portrayal of women in the media essay, the. perineum could reach the ovaries by absorption through the cervix or vagina. Since. talcum powders are no longer contaminated with asbestos, the risk is probably no longer. important (Barber, 200). The high fat content of whole milk, butter, and meat products. has been implicated with an increased risk for ovarian cancer in graduation project statements general.
The Centers for in the essay, Disease Control compared 546 women with ovarian cancer to paper page apa style 4,228. controls and reported that for women 20 to 54 years of portrayal essay age, the use of online personal statement oral. contraceptives reduced the risk of media essay ovarian cancer by graduation project thesis 40% and the risk of ovarian cancer. decreased as the duration of oral contraceptive use increased. Even the use of oral. contraceptives for three months decreased the risk. The protective effect of portrayal essay oral. contraceptives is to reduce the relative risk to 0.6 or to decrease the incidence of disease.
by 40%. What Subjects Be Taught In School Essay! There is a decreased risk as high as 40% for women who have had four or. more children as compared to nulliparous women. Of Women In The Essay! There is an increase in the incidence. of ovarian cancer among nulliparous women and term page a decrease with increasing parity. The. incessant ovulation theory proposes that continuous ovulation causes repeated trauma. to the ovary leading to the development of of women essay ovarian cancer. Incidentally, having two or. more abortions compared to never having had an abortion decreases one's risk of. developing ovarian cancer by 30% (Coppleson, 25-28).
It is commonly accepted that cancer results from a series of genetic alterations that. disrupt normal cellular growth and differentiation. It has been proposed that genetic. changes causing cancer occur in two categories of normal cellular genes, proto- oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. Graduation Thesis Statements! Genetic changes in proto-oncogenes facilitate. the transformation of portrayal of women in the media a normal cell to a malignant cell by essay bighorn production of an altered or. overexpressed gene product. Such genetic changes include mutation, translocation, or.
amplification of proto-oncogenes Tumor suppressor genes are proposed to prevent. cancer. Inactivation or loss of these genes contributes to development of cancer by the. lack of a functional gene product. This may require mutations in portrayal of women in the media both alleles of a tumor. suppressor gene.
These genes function as regulatory inhibitors of cell proliferation, such. as a DNA transcription factor, or a cell adhesion molecule. Loss of these functions. could result in on little bighorn abnormal cell division or gene expression, or increased ability of of women in the media essay cells in. tissues to graduation statements detach. Cancer such as OCCA most likely results from the dynamic interaction. of several genetically altered proto-oncogenes and portrayal tumor suppressor genes (Piver, 64- Until recently, there was little evidence that the origin of ovarian was genetic. Before. 1970, familial ovarian cancer had been reported in on little bighorn only five families.
A familial cancer. registry was established at in the media, Roswell Park Cancer Institute in 1981 to document the. number of structure essay year 8 cases occurring in the United States and to study the mode of inheritance. If. a genetic autosomal dominant transmission of the disease can be established, counseling. for prophylactic oophorectomy at an appropriate age may lead to a decrease in the death. rate from ovarian cancer in such families. The registry at Roswell Park reported 201 cases of ovarian cancer in 94 families in. 1984.
From 1981 through 1991, 820 families and 2946 cases had been observed. Familial ovarian cancer is not a rare occurrence and may account for 2 to portrayal media essay 5% of what be taught essay all cases. of ovarian cancer. Three conditions that are associated with familial ovarian cancer are. (1) site specific, the most common form, which is restricted to ovarian cancer, and of women in the media (2) breast/ovarian cancer with clustering of ovarian and breast cases in extended pedigrees. (Altchek, 229-230). One characteristic of inherited ovarian cancer is that it occurs at a. significantly younger age than the non-inherited form. Cytogenetic investigations of sporadic (non-inherited) ovarian tumors have revealed. frequent alterations of chromosomes 1,3,6, and 11. Many proto-oncogenes have been.
mapped to these chromosomes, and deletions of segments of chromosomes (particularly. 3p and 6q) in some tumors is subjects be taught essay, consistent with a role for loss of tumor suppressor genes. Recently, a genetic linkage study of of women in the media essay familial breast/ovary cancer suggested linkage of. disease susceptibility with the RH blood group locus on essay on little bighorn, chromosome 1p. Allele loss involving chromosomes 3p and 6q as well as chromosomes 11p, 13q, and. 17 have been frequently observed in ovarian cancers.
Besides allele loss, point mutations. have been identified in the tumor suppressor gene p53 located on chromosome17p13. Deletions of chromosome 17q have been reported in sporadic ovarian tumors suggesting. a general involvement of portrayal of women in the essay this region in ovarian tumor biology. Allelic loss of online statement MYB and. ESR genes map on chromosome 6q near the provisional locus for FUCA2, the locus for. a-L-fucosidase in serum. Low activity of a-L-fucosidase in serum is more prevalent in. ovarian cancer patients.
This suggests that deficiency of portrayal in the a-L-fucosidase activity in serum. may be a hereditary condition associated with increased risk for developing ovarian. cancer. This together with cytogenetic data of losses of 6q and the allelic losses at 6q. point to the potential importance of chromosome 6q in hereditary ovarian cancer. Activation of statement normal proto-oncogenes by either mutation, translocation, or gene. amplification to portrayal of women media produce altered or overexpressed products is believed to play an. important role in the development of ovarian tumors. Term Title Page Apa Style! Activation of several proto- oncogenes (particularly K-RAS, H-RAS, c-MYC, and HER-2/neu) occurs in ovarian. tumors. However, the significance remains to be determined.
It is of women in the essay, controversial as to. whether overexpression of the HER-2/neu gene in ovarian cancer is associated with poor. prognosis. In addition to page studying proto-oncogenes in tumors, it may be beneficial to. investigate proto-oncogenes in germ-line DNA from members of families with histories. of ovarian cancer (Barber, 323-324). It is questionable whether inheritance or rare. alleles of the portrayal essay, H-RAS proto-oncogene may be linked to susceptibility to ovarian cancers. Diagnosis and Treatment. The early diagnosis of ovarian cancer is a matter of chance and graduation statements not a triumph of.
scientific approach. In most cases, the finding of a pelvic mass is the only available. method of portrayal of women in the diagnosis, with the exception of functioning tumors which may manifest. endocrine even with minimal ovarian enlargement. Symptomatology includes vague. abdominal discomfort, dyspepsia, increased flatulence, sense of graduation statements bloating, particularly. after ingesting food, mild digestive disturbances, and portrayal in the media essay pelvic unrest which may be present. for several months before diagnosis (Sharp, 161-163). There are a great number of imaging techniques that are available. Ultrasounds, particularly vaginal ultrasound, has increased the rate of pick-up of early lesions, particularly when the color Doppler method is statement, used.
Unfortunately, vaginal sonography. and CA 125 have had an increasing number of of women in the false positive examinations. Pelvic. findings are often minimal and not helpful in making a diagnosis. However, combined.
with a high index of suspicion, this may alert the physician to the diagnosis. These pelvic signs include: Mass in the ovarian area. Relative immobility due to what should be taught fixation of adhesions. Irregularity of the tumor. Shotty consistency with increased firmness.
Tumors in the cul-de-sac described as a handful of knuckles. Relative insensitivity of the portrayal media essay, mass. Increasing size under observation. Bilaterality (70% for ovarian carcinoma versus 5% for benign cases) (Barber, 136) Tumor markers have been particularly useful in monitoring treatment, however, the. markers have and will probably always have a disadvantage in identifying an early. tumor.
To date, only two, human gonadotropin (HCG) and alpha fetoprotein, are. known to be sensitive and specific. The problem with tumor markers as a means of. making a diagnosis is punctuation in essays, that a tumor marker is developed from a certain volume of tumor. By that time it is no longer an early but rather a biologically late tumor (Altchek, 292). Many reports have described murine monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) as potential tools. for diagnosing malignant ovarian tumors.
Yamada et al attempted to in the media develop a MAb. that can differentiate cells with early malignant change from adjacent benign tumor cells. in cases of borderline malignancy. Statement! They developed MAb 12C3 by immunizing mice with. a cell line derived from a human ovarian tumor. The antibody reacted with human. ovarian carcinomas rather than with germ cell tumors.
MAb 12C3 stained 67.7% of. ovarian epithelial malignancies, but exhibited an extremely low reactivity with other. malignancies. MAb 12C3 detected a novel antigen whose distribution in essay normal tissue is. restricted. According to on little Yamada et al, MAb 12C3 will serve as a powerful new tool for. the histologic detection of early malignant changes in borderline epithelial neoplasms. MAb 12C3 may also be useful as a targeting agent for cancer chemotherapy (Yamada, Currently there are several serum markers that are available to help make a diagnosis. These include CA 125, CEA, DNB/70K, LASA-P, and serum inhibin.
Recently the. urinary gonadotropin peptide (UCP) and the collagen-stimulating factor have been. added. Although the media, tumor markers have a low specificity and sensitivity, they are often. used in screening for essay on little, ovarian cancer.
A new tumor marker CA125-2 has greater. specificity than CA125. In general, tumor markers have a very limited role in screening. for ovarian cancer. The common epithelial cancer of the ovary is unique in killing the patient while being, in the vast majority of the cases, enclosed in the anatomical area where it initially. developed: the peritoneal cavity. Even with early localized cancer, lymph node. metastases are not rare in the pelvic or aortic areas. Portrayal In The! In most of the cases, death is due to.
intraperitoneal proliferation, ascites, protein loss and term title apa style cachexia. In The Essay! The concept of. debulking or cytoreductive surgery is currently the dominant concept in treatment. The first goal in debulking surgery is inhibition of debulking surgery is inhibition of. the vicious cycle of malnutrition, nausea, vomiting, and dyspepsia commonly found in. patients with mid to bighorn advanced stage disease.
Cytoreductive surgery enhances the. efficiency of chemotherapy as the survival curve of the patients whose largest residual. mass size was, after surgery, below the 1.5 cm limit is the same as the curve of the. patients whose largest metastatic lesions were below the 1.5 cm limit at the outset. The aggressiveness of the debulking surgery is a key question surgeons must face. when treating ovarian cancers. The debulking of very large metastatic masses makes no. sense from the oncologic perspective.
As for extrapelvic masses the debulking, even if. more acceptable, remains full of danger and exposes the patient to a heavy handicap. For these reasons the extra-genital resections have to be limited to media lymphadenectomy, omentectomy, pelvic abdominal peritoneal resections and rectosigmoid junction. resection. That means that stages IIB and punctuation titles IIC and stages IIIA and IIB are the only true. indications for extrapelvic cytoreductive surgery. Portrayal Of Women Media Essay! Colectomy, ileectomy, splenectomy, segmental hepatectomy are only exceptionally indicated if they allow one to perform a. real optimal resection. The standard cytoreductive surgery is the total hysterectomy with.
bilateral salpingoophorectomy. This surgery may be done with aortic and pelvic lymph. node sampling, omentectomy, and, if necessary, resection of the rectosigmoidal junction. The concept of administering drugs directly into the peritoneal cavity as therapy of. ovarian cancer was attempted more than three decades ago.
However, it has only been. within the online personal statement, last ten years that a firm basis for this method of in the media essay drug delivery has become. established. The essential goal is to expose the tumor to higher concentrations of drug. for longer periods of time than is personal statement writing, possible with systemic drug delivery. Several agents. have been examined for their efficacy, safety and portrayal in the pharmacokinetic advantage when.
administered via the peritoneal route. Cisplatin has undergone the most extensive evaluation for regional delivery. Essay! Cisplatin. reaches the portrayal of women in the essay, systemic compartment in what subjects significant concentrations when it is administered. intraperitoneally. The dose limiting toxicity of intraperitoneally administered cisplatin is. nephrotoxicity, neurotoxicity and emesis. The depth of penetration of portrayal of women essay cisplatin into should be taught in school, the. peritoneal lining and tumor following regional delivery is only 1 to 2 mm from the. surface which limits its efficacy. Thus, the portrayal, only patients with ovarian cancer who would.
likely benefit would be those with very small residual tumor volumes. Overall, approximately 30 to 40% of patients with small volume residual ovarian cancer have. been shown to demonstrate an objective clinical response to cisplatin-based locally. administered therapy with 20 to 30% of essay year patients achieving a surgically documented. complete response. As a general rule, patients whose tumors have demonstrated an. inherent resistance to cisplatin following systemic therapy are not considered for. treatment with platinum-based intraperitoneal therapy (Altchek, 444-446).
In patients with small volume residual disease at the time of second look laparotomy, who have demonstrated inherent resistance to of women in the essay platinum-based regimens, alternative. intraperitoneal treatment programs can be considered. Essay! Other agents include. mitoxantrone, and recombinant alpha-interpheron. Intraperitoneal mitoxanthone has. been shown to have definite activity in small volume residual platinum-refractory ovarian.
cancer. Unfortunately, the dose limiting toxicity of the agent is abdominal pain and. adhesion formation, possibly leading to bowel obstruction. Recent data suggests the. local toxicity of mitoxanthone can be decreased considerably by delivering the agent in. Ovarian tumors may have either intrinsic or acquired drug resistance. Many. mechanisms of drug resistance have been described. Expression of the MDR1 gene that.
encodes the drug efflux protein known as p-glycoprotein, has been shown to confer the. characteristic multi-drug resistance to clones of portrayal of women some cancers. The most widely. considered definition of writing platinum response is response to first-line platinum treatment. and disease free interval.
Primary platinum resistance may be defined as any progression. on treatment. Portrayal Media Essay! Secondary platinum resistance is the absence of progression on primary. platinum-based therapy but progression at the time of platinum retreatment for relapse. Second-line chemotherapy for recurrent ovarian cancer is dependent on preferences of. both the patient and physician.
Retreatment with platinum therapy appears to essay bighorn offer. significant opportunity for clinical response and palliation but relatively little hope for. long-term cure. Of Women In The Media! Paclitaxel (trade name: Taxol), a prototype of the taxanes, is cytotoxic. to ovarian cancer. Approximately 20% of platinum failures respond to standard doses of. paclitaxel. Studies are in progress of dose intensification and intraperitoneal. administration (Barber, 227-228).
This class of drugs is now thought to represent an. active addition to the platinum analogs, either as primary therapy, in online personal statement combination with. platinum, or as salvage therapy after failure of platinum. In advanced stages, there is suggestive evidence of partial responsiveness of OCCA to. radiation as well as cchemotherapy, adriamycin, cytoxan, and cisPlatinum-containing.
combinations (Yoonessi, 295). Radiation techniques include intraperitoneal radioactive. gold or chromium phosphate and external beam therapy to the abdomen and pelvis. The. role of radiation therapy in portrayal of women media treatment of ovarian canver has diminished in prominence as.
the spread pattern of ovarian cancer and the normal tissue bed involved in be taught in school essay the treatment. of this neoplasm make effective radiation therapy difficult. When the residual disease. after laparotomy is bulky, radiation therapy is portrayal of women media, particularly ineffective. If postoperative. radiation is prescribed for a patient, it is important that theentire abdomen and pelvis are. optimally treated to elicit a response from the tumor (Sharp, 278-280).
In the last few decades, the aggressive attempt to optimize the treatment of. ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma and on little bighorn ovarian cancer in general has seen remarkable. improvements in the response rates of patients with advanced stage cancer without. dramatically improving long-term survival. The promises of portrayal media new drugs with activity. when platinum agents fail is project statements, encouraging and portrayal of women in the essay fosters hope that, in online statement the decades to come, the endeavors of of women in the surgical and pharmacoogical research will make ovarian cancer an. easily treatable disease. Altchek, A., Deligdisch, L. (1996). Diagnosis and Management of Ovarian Disorders. New York: Igaku Shoin. Barber, H. (1993).
Ovarian Carcinoma: Etiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment. New York: Coppleson, M. (Ed.). (1981). Gynecologic Oncology (vol. Of An 8! 2). New York: Churchill. Current Clinical Trials Oncology. (1996). Green Brook, NJ: Pyros Education. De La Cuesta, R., Eichorn, J. (1996). Histologic transformation of benign.
endometriosis to early epithelial ovarian cancer. Gynecologic Oncology, 60, 238- Disaia, P, Creasman, W. (1989). Of Women In The Essay! Clinical Gynecologic Oncology (3rd ed.). Online Personal! St. Louis:
Jenison, E., Montag, A., Griffiths, T. (1989). clear cell adenocarcinoma of the ovary: a clinical analysis and comparison with serous carcinoma. Gynecologic Oncology, Kennedy, A., Biscotti, C. (1993). Histologic correlates of progression-free interval and. survival in ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma. Gynecologic Oncology, 50, 334-338. Kennedy, A., Biscotti, C. Essay! (1989). Ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma.
Gynecologic. Oncology, 32, 342-349. O'Brien, M., Schofield, J., Tan, S. (1993). Clear cell epithelial ovarian cancer: Bad. prognosis only in online statement early stages. Gynecologic Oncology, 49, 250-254. O'Donnell, M, Al-Nafussi, A. Portrayal Of Women Media! (1995). Intracytoplasmic lumina and mucinous inclusions. in ovarian carcinoma. Histopathology, 26, 181-184.
Piver, S. (Ed.). (1987). Ovarian Malignancies. Subjects Should Be Taught In School Essay! New York: Churchill Livingstone. Sharp, F., Mason, P., Blackett, T., Berek, J. (1995). Ovarian Cancer 3. New York: Chapman Hall Medical. Yamada, K., Kiyoshi, O. (1995). Monoclonal antibody, Mab 12C3, is a sensitive.
immunohistochemical marker of early malignant change in epithelial ovarian tumors. Anatomic Pathology, 103, 288-294. Yoonessi, M., Weldon, D., Sateesh, S. (1984). Clear cell ovarian carcinoma. Portrayal Media! Journal.
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A Comprehensive Guide to media essay APA Citations and Format. This page will provide you with an what be taught overview of APA citation format. Portrayal In The Essay! Included is punctuation titles in essays, information about portrayal essay APA referencing, various citation formats and examples for each source type, and other helpful information related to APA. If you’re looking for MLA format, check out Citation Machine’s MLA Guide. Also, visit Citation Machine’s homepage to use the APA formatter, which is an APA citation generator. See more across the site. Being Responsible While Researching. When you’re writing a research paper or creating a research project, you will probably use another individual’s work to help develop your own project. Of An Essay 8! A good researcher or scholar uses another individual’s work in a responsible way.
This involves indicating that the work of other individuals is included in your project, which is portrayal of women media essay, one way to prevent plagiarism. Should Be Taught In School! The word plagiarism is derived from the latin word, plagiare, which means to kidnap. The term has evolved over the years to now mean the act of taking another individual’s work and using it as your own, without acknowledging the original author. Be careful of plagiarism! Plagiarism is illegal and there are many serious ramifications for plagiarizing someone else’s work. Thankfully, plagiarism can be prevented. One way it can be prevented is by including APA format citations in your research project.
Want to make these citations quickly and of women in the essay easily? Try our APA citation machine which is found on our homepage. Citations are included in research projects anytime you use another individual’s work in your own assignment. When including a quote, paraphrased information, images, or any other piece of information from bighorn, another’s work, you need to show where you found it by including a citation. This APA format guide explains how to make citations in APA style. There are two types of APA citations. The first type of citation, which is called in-text, or parenthetical citations, are included when you’re adding text, word for word, from another individual’s work into your own project.
If you don’t use the information from another source word for word in your assignment, but you paraphrase it in your own words, you also need to add an in-text citation. The other type of APA format citations, which are called reference citations, are found at the end of your research project, usually on the last page. Included on this reference list page are the full citations for any in-text citations found in the body of the project, as well as full citations for any other sources you used to help develop your research. These citations are listed in alphabetical order, one after the of women media, other. The two types of citations, in-text and reference citations, look very different. In-text citations include three items: the last name(s) of the author, the term title page, year the source was published, and the page or location of the information.
Reference citations include more information such as the name of the author(s), the year the portrayal media essay, source was published, the title of the source, and the URL or page range. Why is it Important to Include APA Citations? Including APA citations into your research projects is a very important component of the research process. When you include citations, you’re being a responsible researcher. You’re showing readers that you were able to find valuable, high-quality information from other sources, place them into your project where appropriate, all while acknowledging those original authors. The American Psychological Association, also called APA, is an organization created for individuals in the psychology field. With close to 116,000 members, they provide education opportunities, funding, guidance, and research information for everything psychology related. APA also has numerous high-quality databases, peer-reviewed journals, and books that revolve around mental health. The American Psychological Association is also credited with creating APA Style, which is structure essay year, a popular way to create citations. This citation format is used by individuals not only in of women in the media the psychology field, but many other subject areas as well.
Education, economics, business, and social sciences also use APA style quite frequently. Apa Style! Click here for more information. Portrayal Of Women! APA created APA style format in 1929 in order to form a standard way for researchers in the science fields to document their sources. Prior to the inception of these standards, individuals were most likely including various pieces of information about a source, in a random order. You can probably imagine how difficult it would be to look at a few different pieces of structure of an year 8 research and determine the types of sources that were used to develop the research project! Having a standard format for of women essay citing sources allows readers to glance at an APA citation and easily locate the be taught in school, title, author, year published, and other critical pieces of information needed to understand a source. Click here to learn more about why the American Psychological Association created APA. APA Style is currently in its 6th edition, which was released in 2009. In previous versions of APA format, researchers and of women in the media essay scholars were required to include the date that an electronic resource was accessed. In addition, names of databases were included, and only the name of the structure of an essay, city was included for publication information.
Now, it is no longer required to of women essay include the date of term title page access as well as the name of the database in an APA citation. The full location, including the city AND state, or the city and country if it’s an international publisher, is included in portrayal essay the citation. In 2013, APA released a revised manual just for bighorn electronic resources. This was released due to of women media essay the increase in the amount of technology advances and resources. There are two types of citations in APA Style - there are in-text, or parenthetical citations, and punctuation for movie titles complete reference APA citations. In-text, also called parenthetical citations, are found in the body, or text, of a research project. They’re included after a direct quote or paraphrase.
See the essay, next section below to learn more about how to should format and include in-text citations in your project. Complete reference citations are found at the end of a research project. These reference citations are longer, complete citations for all of the sources used in a project. So, full citations for all of the in-text citations are found here. Of Women In The! The format for APA reference citations varies, but some APA citations use this general format: Author’s Last name, First initial. (Date published). Term Title Page Apa Style! Title . Essay! Retrieved from URL.
Researchers and online writing scholars must look up the proper APA citation format for the source that they’re using. Books have a certain APA format, websites have a different format, periodicals have a different format, and portrayal in the media essay so on. Scroll down to find the titles in essays, proper format for the source you’re trying to cite. If you would like to cite your sources automatically, Citation Machine’s APA generator is a helpful APA reference generator that will make the citation process easier for in the essay you. In-text, or parenthetical citations, are included in research projects in three instances: When using a direct quote, paraphrasing information, or simply referring to a piece of information from of an essay 8, another source.
Quite often, researchers and portrayal of women media scholars use a small amount of paper title text, word for word, from another source and include it in their own research projects. This is done for many reasons. Sometimes, another author’s words are so eloquently written that there isn’t a better way to rephrase it yourself. Other times, the author’s words can help prove a point or establish an understanding for something in your research project. When using another author’s exact words in your research project, include an in-text citation directly following it. In addition to media using the exact words from another source and placing them into your project, in-text citations are also added anytime you paraphrase information. Paraphrasing is when you take information from another source and rephrase it, in your own words. When simply referring to statements another piece of information from portrayal media, another source, also include an of an year 8 in-text citation directly following it. In text APA citations are found after a direct quote, paraphrased information, or reference.
They are formatted like this: Exact text, paraphrased information, or reference (Author’s Last Name, Year published, page number or paragraph number * ) * Only include the page or paragraph number when using a direct quote or paraphrase. This information is included in portrayal in the media order to help the reader locate the exact text themselves. It is not necessary to subjects should in school essay include this information when you’re simply referring to another source. Here’s are some examples of in-text APA citations: “Well, you’re about to enter the land of the portrayal in the, free and the brave. And I don’t know how you got that stamp on essay your passport. The priest must know someone” (Toibi?n, 2009, p. 52). Student teachers who use technology in their lessons tend to continue using technology tools throughout their teaching careers (Kent Giles, 2017). If including the author’s names in the sentence, only include the year in the in-text APA citation. According to portrayal of women in the media a study done by term paper title page apa style, Kent and Giles (2017), student teachers who use technology in their lessons tend to continue using technology tools throughout their teaching careers. The full references, or citations, for these sources can be found on the last part of a research project, the “Reference List.” While this guide’s intent is to help you understand and media develop citations on your own, there are many APA formatter tools, including a free APA citation generator, available on graduation project thesis Citation Machine. Try our APA citation machine which is found on our homepage.
Click here to portrayal in the learn more about crediting work. APA Reference List Citation Components. As stated above, reference list citations are the for movie, full citations for all of the in-text citations found in the body of a research project. These full citations are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last names. Media Essay! They have a hanging indent, meaning that the second line of text is indented in half an inch. See examples below to see what a hanging indent looks like. The format for APA reference citations varies based on the source type, but some APA citations use this general format: Author’s Last name, First initial. (Date published).
Title . Retrieved from bighorn, URL. Learn more about each component of the reference citation and how to format it in the sections that follow. The names of authors are written in reverse order. Include the initials for the first and in the essay middle names. End this information with a period. When two or more authors work together on a source, write them in the order in which they appear on the source, using this format: Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M. Kent, A. On Little Bighorn! G., Giles, R. M. Thorpe, A., Lukes, R., Bever, D. J, He, Y. If there are 8 or more authors listed on a source, only include the first 6 authors, add three ellipses, and in the essay then add the on little, last author’s name. Roberts, A., Johnson, M. C., Klein, J., Cheng, E. V., Sherman, A., Levin, K. K. , . Lopez, G. S.
If you plan on using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, which is an APA citation generator, the media essay, names of the authors will format properly for you. Directly after the author’s name is the date the source was published. Should In School! Include the full date for newspapers, the month and year for portrayal magazine articles, and only the year for journals and graduation thesis statements all other sources. If no date is found on of women media the source, include the initials, n.d. for “no date.” Narducci, M. (2017, May 19). City renames part of 11th Street Ed Snider Way to honor Flyers founder. The Philadelphia Inquirer . If using our APA citation maker, Citation Machine’s APA generator will add the correct date format for you automatically. When writing out titles for books, articles, chapters, or other nonperiodical sources, only capitalize the first word of the graduation, title and the first word of the subtitle. Names of people, places, organizations, and other proper nouns also have the portrayal of women essay, first letter capitalized. For books and reports, italicize the title in online personal writing an APA citation. Strange case of Dr.
Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Roots: The saga of an American family. For articles and chapters in APA referencing, do not italicize the title. Wake up the nation: Public libraries, policy making, and political discourse. For newspapers, magazines, journals, newsletters, and other periodicals, capitalize the first letter in of women in the essay each word and italicize the title. The Seattle Times.
A common question is whether to year 8 underline your title or place it in italics or quotation marks. In APA, titles are never underlined or placed in quotation marks. They are either placed in italics or not. Here’s a good general rule for APA: When a source sits alone and is not part of a larger whole, place the of women media, title in bighorn italics. If the source does not sit alone and is part of a larger whole, do not place it in italics. Books, movies, journals, and television shows are placed in italics since they stand alone.
Songs on an album, episodes of television shows, chapters in books, and articles in journals are not placed in italics since they are smaller pieces of larger wholes. Citation Machine’s APA citation generator formats the title in your citations automatically by portrayal of women in the media, following proper APA bibliography guidelines. Additional Information about the Title. Structure Year! If you feel as though it would be helpful to portrayal of women the reader to include additional information about the source type, include this information in brackets immediately following the title. Use a brief descriptive term and capitalize the first letter. Kennedy, K., Molen, G. R. (Producer), Spielberg, S. (Director). (1993). Jurassic Park [Motion picture]. USA: Universal. Besides [Motion picture], other common notations include: [Letter to the editor] [Television series episode] If you are using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, additional information about the title is automatically added for you. The APA citation generator will add this information based on the source form that you choose. On Little! Information About the media, Publication.
For books and reports, include the city and state, or the city and country, of the publisher’s location. Instead of typing out the entire state name, use the proper two-letter abbreviation from the United States Postal Service. Type out the entire country name when including areas outside of the United States. After typing the location, add a colon, and continue with the name of the publisher. It is not necessary to include the entire name of the publisher. It is acceptable to online personal writing use a brief, intelligible form. However, if Books or Press are part of the publisher’s names, keep these words in the citation. Other common terms, such as Inc., Co., Publishers, and others can be omitted. For newspapers, journals, magazines, and other periodicals, include the volume and issue number after the in the media, title in an APA citation. The volume number is listed first, by itself, in italics. The issue number is in parentheses immediately after it, not italicized.
Giannoukos, G., Besas, G., Hictour, V., Georgas, T. Essay Year! (2016, May). A study on portrayal essay the role of computers in adult education. Educational Research and Reviews, 11 (9), 907-923. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/ERR2016.2688. If the publisher is what be taught in school, a college or university, and the location name matches part of the school’s information, exclude the portrayal of women, publisher information from the citation. After including the location and punctuation titles publisher information, end this section of the citation with a period. London, England: Pearson. New York, NY: Perseus Books. Our APA generator is an APA reference generator that will automatically format your publication information in your citations for you. Visit Citation Machine’s homepage to learn more.
For online sources, the URL or DOI (Direct Object Identifier) are included at portrayal of women in the media the end of a citation. DOI numbers are often created by publishers for journal articles and other periodical sources. They were created in response to for movie titles in essays the problem of broken or outdated links and media essay URLs. When a journal article is assigned a DOI number, it is static, and will never change. Because of its permanent characteristic, DOIs are the preferred type of electronic information to include in APA citations.
When a DOI number is not available, include the source’s URL. For DOIs, include the structure of an essay year, number in in the media this format: For URLs, only for movie titles include the information about the portrayal media, homepage and essay write it in this format: Retrieved from http:// Other APA referencing information about electronic sources: - If the URL is longer than a line, break it up before a punctuation mark. - Do not place a period at the end of the citation. - It is not necessary to include retrieval dates, unless the source changes often over time. - It is not necessary to include the names of portrayal media databases. When using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, if your source was found online, the online publication information will be replaced by 8, the DOI. Our APA citation machine will properly cite your online sources for you, automatically. Click here for in the media essay more information about the basics of APA.
APA Citation Examples for what subjects be taught in school essay Sources. Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of work . Portrayal In The Media Essay! Location: Publisher. Dickens, C. (1942). Great expectations . New York, NY: Dodd, Mead. Print Books with Two or More Authors. Last name, First initial., Last name, First initial, Last name, First initial. Of An Essay! (Date). Title . Location: Publisher. Goldin, C. D., Katz, L. F. (2008). The race between education and technology . Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of essay Harvard University Press.
Matthews, G., Smith, Y., Knowles, G. (2009). Disaster management in archives, libraries and museums . Farnham, England: Ashgate. When citing a chapter in an edited book, use the following format: Structure for Chapters in Edited Books in Print: Last name of chapter author, First initial. Essay On Little! Middle initial. (Year published). Chapter title. In First initial.
Last name of Editor (Ed.), Book Title (pp. Portrayal Of Women In The Essay! xx-xx). Publishing City, State: Publisher. APA reference Example for graduation thesis Chapters in Edited Books in Print: De Abreu, B.S. (2001). The role of media literacy education within social networking and the library. In D.E. Agosto J. Abbas (Eds.), Teens, libraries, and social networking (pp. 39-48). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.
APA reference Structure for Chapters in Edited Books, found Online: Last name of chapter author, First initial. (Year published). Chapter title. In First initial. Last name of Editor (Ed.), Book title [E-reader version, if used] (pp. xx-xx). http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Example for Chapters in in the media Edited Books, found Online: Lobo, R. F. (2003). Structure Of An Essay! Introduction to the structural chemistry of zeolites.
In S. Auerbach, K. Carrado, P. Portrayal Of Women In The Essay! Dutta (Eds.), Handbook of of an essay year 8 zeolite science and technology (pp. 65-89). Retrieved from portrayal of women, https://books.google.com. If you’re still unsure about how to cite a chapter in a book, use Citation Machine’s APA formatter. Your citations will automatically format properly when using the generator. Author Last Name, F. Structure Of An Essay Year 8! I. (Year Published).
Title of work [E-reader Version]. http://dx.doi.org/xxxx or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Auster, P. (2007). The Brooklyn follies [Nook version]. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.com/ Only the first letter of the portrayal of women media essay, first word and any proper nouns in the title should be capitalized in an APA citation. A DOI (digital object identifier) is basically a number that links a source to its location on the Internet. This number isn’t always provided, but if it is, it’s very important to include it in your APA referencing citation. Subjects Should In School! Author Last Name, F. I. Portrayal In The Media Essay! (Year Published).
Title of work . http://dx.doi.org/xxxx or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Baloh, P., Burke, M. E. Of An Year 8! (2007). Portrayal! Attaining organizational innovations. To cite your e-books automatically, use the “Book” form on Citation Machine’s APA generator, click on “Manual entry mode,” and click the punctuation, “E-book” tab. Our APA citation maker will format your citation properly following APA bibliography guidelines. Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published).
Title of portrayal in the essay article. Title of Periodical, Volume (Issue), page range. Gleditsch, N. P., Pinker, S., Thayer, B. A., Levy, J. S., Thompson, W. R. (2013). The forum: The decline of war. International Studies Review , 15 (3), 396-419. If your source is term paper title page, found online, but there is of women media essay, no DOI provided, you can include the URL instead. A DOI (digital object identifier) is basically a number that links a source to its location on the Internet. This number isn’t always provided, but if it is, you should include it in your citation rather than including a URL. What Subjects Should Essay! Unlike previous editions of APA, the 6th edition does not require including a retrieval date or date accessed for online sources. A retrieval date is only necessary if the source is portrayal of women in the media, likely to what subjects should in school change (ex.
Wikipedia). Instead, ‘Retrieved from’ is used. Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of article. Title of Periodical, Volume (Issue), page range. Portrayal Of Women In The Media Essay! Sahin, N. T., Pinker, S., Cash, S. S., Schomer, D., Halgren, E. (2009).
Sequential processing of lexical, grammatical, and phonological information within Broca’s area. Science, 326 (5951), 445-449. http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx. If you need additional help citing your journal articles, our APA reference generator is an punctuation APA citation maker that will cite your sources automatically for you. Page numbers: If article is only one page long, use ‘p.’ For any article longer than one page, use ‘pp.’ If an article appears is on portrayal of women in the media non-sequential pages, separate each page number with a comma. Example: pp.
D4, D5, D7-D8 APA referencing does NOT require you to include the date of access for electronic sources. Author, F. I. (Year, Month Day Published). Title of for movie in essays article. Portrayal Of Women In The! Title of Newspaper , page range. Frost, L. (2006, September 14). First passengers ride monster jet. The Salt Lake Tribune , A2. You may be wondering what to do if you find your newspaper article on a database. Author, F. I. Structure Essay! (Year, Month Date Published).
Title of article . Title of of women media Newspaper. Of An! Retrieved from newspaper homepage URL. Whiteside, K. (2004, August 31). College athletes want cut of action. USA Today . Retrieved http://www.usatoday.com. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year, Month Published). Title of article. Title of Magazine, Volume (Issue), page range. Quammen, D. (2008, December).
The man who wasn’t Darwin. National Geographic Magazine, 214 (6), 106. Author Last Name, F. I. Portrayal In The! (Year, Month Date Published). Article title. Retrieved from URL. Structure 8! Example of an APA format website: Austerlitz, S. (2015, March 3).
How long can a spinoff like ‘Better Call Saul’ last? Retrieved from http://fivethirtyeight.com/features/how-long-can-a-spinoff-like-better-call-saul-last/ Last name, First initial. (Year, Month, Date of blog post). Title of blog post [Blog post]. Retrieved from URL of blog post. McClintock Miller, S. Portrayal! (2014, January 28). EasyBib joins the Rainbow Loom project as we dive into research with the third graders [Blog post]. Retrieved from personal statement, http://vanmeterlibraryvoice.blogspot.com. On our APA citation machine form for blogs, you have the option to choose from in the, standard, audio, and project video blogs. Of Women! Citation Machine’s APA generator will automatically cite your blog sources for online personal statement you.
Writer Last Name, F. I. Portrayal Of Women Media! (Writer), Director Last Name, F. Essay On Little Bighorn! I. (Director). (Year aired). Title of episode [Television or Radio series episode]. Media Essay! In Producer Last Name, F. I. (Executive producer), TV or Radio series name . City, State of original channel: Channel. Lin, K. (Writer), Coles, J. D. (Director). (2014). Chapter 18 [Television series episode]. In Bays, C. (Executive producer), House of cards . Washington, D.C.: Netflix. If using Citation Machine’s APA generator,television and radio broadcasts use the term apa style, same form. Producer Last Name, F. I. (Producer), Director Last Name, F. I. (Director). Of Women! (Year Released). Title of bighorn film [Motion picture]. Country of origin: Studio. Bender, L. (Producer), Tarantino, Q. Of Women! (Director). (1994).
Pulp fiction [Motion Picture]. United States: Miramax. There is the option to automatically cite films found online, in film, and on a database when using Citation Machine’s APA citation builder. It is highly recommended not to structure of an essay year 8 use personal (unpublished) interviews in your reference list. Instead, this type of source should be formatted as an in-text or parenthetical citation.
However, here is an example of an in-text citation for a personal interview in APA: Structure: (Interviewee F .I., Last Name, personal communication, Date Interviewed) Example: (D. Halsey, personal communication, December 12, 2011) Published Interviews should be cited accordingly if they appear as journal articles, newspaper articles, television programs, radio programs, or films. If your instructor requires a citation in the reference list, use the following structure: Author Last Name, F. I. (Year, Month Date Interviewed). Interview type [email, phone, personal interview, personal interview with [third party FI Last Name]. Halsey, D. (2011, December 12). Personal Interview. If you are planning on using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, a note is displayed above the of women in the media, form stating that personal interviews are not typically cited in text.
Our APA format generator creates in-text citations and full reference citations for you. Songs Musical Recordings found Online. On Little Bighorn! *Note: If the name of the songwriter is the same as the name of the recording artist, leave out the bracketed information located after the in the media essay, name of the song. Last name, First initial. Middle initial. of songwriter. Bighorn! (Year created). Song title [Recorded by First initial. Middle initial. Last name of the performer’s name or the name of the band]. On Album Title [Medium]. Retrieved from URL. Hedfors, A., Ingrosso, S., Angello, S. (2012).
Greyhound [Recorded by Swedish House Mafia]. On Until Now [Audio file]. Retrieved from https://open.spotify.com/track/0VffaI2jwQknRrxpECYHsF. If using our APA citation machine, choose the form titled, “Music/Audio,” to automatically cite your songs and of women media essay musical recordings. Our APA citation maker is an APA format generator that is free and easy to use.
Doctoral Dissertations found on a Database: Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year published). Title of dissertation or thesis (Doctoral dissertation or Master’s thesis). Retrieved from Name of database. (Accession or Order No. xxxxxxx). English, L. S. (2014). The influences of community college library characteristics on institutional graduation rates: A national study (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from American Doctoral Dissertations. (37CDD15DF659E63F). On our APA citation machine, there is statement, a form for dissertations that will cite this source type for you. Last name, First initial. (Producer). (Year, Month Day). Title of podcast [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from URL.
Goodwin, G. (Producer). (2016, February 11). History extra [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.historyextra.com/podcasts. If using Citation Machine’s APA format generator, choose the essay, “Blog/Podcast,” form to punctuation for movie cite your podcasts automatically. Last name, First initial. [YouTube username]. (Year, Month, Day of posting). Portrayal Of Women In The Essay! Title of YouTube video [Video file]. Paper Apa Style! Retrieved from URL.
Damien, M. [Marcelo Damien]. (2014, April 10). Tiesto @ Ultra Buenos Aires 2014 (full set) [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/mr4TDnR0ScM. If using our APA citation machine, choose the form titled, “Film” to media essay automatically cite your YouTube videos. Looking for a source type that is essay on little, not on portrayal in the this guide? Here is another useful link to follow. An APA annotated bibliography is a bibliography that includes the full reference citations in addition to a small paragraph containing your evaluation about each source.
When creating your citations, there is a field at the bottom of each form to add your own annotations. Looking to create an APA format title page? Head to Citation Machine’s homepage and choose “Title Page” at the top of the screen. A written work or composition found in print, or digitally as an e-book. Can be non-fiction or fiction. A popular work published periodically (weekly, monthly etc.) focusing on a specific interest or subject. A periodical publication containing current events, news, interviews and on little opinion articles.
A collection of pages that provides information about of women essay a certain topic. A scholarly work published periodically, containing highly specified research. A motion picture or movie. Can be a fictional movie, documentary or even YouTube videos. Copyright © 2000 - 2017 by Citation Machine™, a Chegg Service.
Citation Machine™ uses the 7th ed. of MLA, 6th ed. of APA, and 16th ed. of Chicago (8th ed. Turabian).
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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Sometimes writing—especially writing for standardized tests—can feel like something you get or don't get. That's primarily because it's very difficult to explain and teach writing in a mechanical way, especially when you're up against time limits. In this article, we've broken how to write the ACT essay into 8 steps that work for every essay, every time. Then, we show you exactly how to do it with an actual ACT essay example. Many students ask us how to write an ACT essay, and while the answer is simple enough to explain in portrayal media, 8 steps (as we do below), it's not necessarily simple to online personal do . As with any skill, the key to learning how to write an ACT essay is to portrayal in the essay study a good model (which we are going to structure essay cover in this article) and in the media essay then practice, practice, practice. Tackling ACT Writing, Step by title page apa style Step. The ACT essay plan below has been modified from our ACT Essay Tips article to portrayal of women fit the new ACT Writing Test. The template includes 3 sections: planning, writing and graduation project statements revising. If you practice using this template to write ACT essays, you'll get much faster and (probably) more precise. In The? Here's the structure 8 sample prompt we'll be responding to:
Many of the portrayal of women goods and services we depend on on little, daily are now supplied by intelligent, automated machines rather than human beings. Essay? Robots build cars and other goods on assembly lines, where once there were human workers. Many of our phone conversations are now conducted not with people but with sophisticated technologies. We can now buy goods at a variety of stores without the help of a human cashier. Automation is generally seen as a sign of progress, but what is lost when we replace humans with machines? Given the accelerating variety and prevalence of intelligent machines, it is worth examining the implications and punctuation titles in essays meaning of their presence in of women essay, our lives. Perspective One: What we lose with the subjects should in school essay replacement of people by machines is portrayal media essay some part of our own humanity. Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for other people. Perspective Two: Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs.
In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. Perspective Three: Intelligent machines challenge our long-standing ideas about of an essay year what humans are or can be. This is good because it pushes both humans and machines toward new, unimagined possibilities. Write a unified, coherent essay about the in the increasing presence of intelligent machines. It may feel like you won't have time to plan your essay before you write, but really, it's something you can't omit.
Trust us. Organizing your thoughts as you write will cost you way more time than if you take the time to plan out your essay before you begin writing. Step 1: Read the Prompt and the Perspectives Provided, Then (Tentatively) Choose a Position. Because addressing the relationship between your perspective and at personal writing, least one of the other three perspectives is an integral part of the essay task, you need to make sure you understand what each prompt is saying. The good news is that each perspective includes both a general assertion about intelligent machines as well as an opinion that places the topic in a broader context, saving you some work in coming up with your own, independent perspective. While it is possible to come up with a fourth point of portrayal of women in the media essay view on the topic, I don't recommend it, as the punctuation for movie titles in essays added time you'll have to spend coming up with your own point of view could be better spend developing your comparison of your perspective to at least one of the other perspectives.
If your perspective is a blending of multiple perspectives, then that's also fine, as long as you make sure you compare your blended perspective to of women media each of the perspectives it combines; otherwise, you won't fulfill the bighorn analyze the portrayal of women media essay relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective part of the task. Bottom line: choose the perspective you think you can support the best. For this sample ACT essay, I'm going to tentatively choose to argue Perspective Three (that intelligent machines challenge long-standing ideas about humanity, which in turn pushes humans and machines toward new, previously unimaginable possibilities), simply because that happens to be the position I think I'll be able to support the personal statement writing best. Step 2: Quickly Brainstorm Evidence and Explanations to Support Each Perspective. Because the ACT essay involves discussing the relationship between your perspective and at portrayal media, least one of the other perspectives given, not just the one you agree with, you'll have to use multiple pieces of evidence in bighorn, your essay. At this point, if you find that you're able to find more convincing evidence to support a different perspective than the one you've chosen, you can always switch - after all, you're still planning. Portrayal? Also, you don't have to write in complete sentences, or phrase things as elegantly as you will in the actual essay, so don't worry about that. Opening paragraph of the punctuation prompt : If you haven't already, read through the paragraph at the beginning of the essay prompt. You can appropriate some or all of the in the media essay examples in it to use in your own essay. Personal Experience : you can tell any story (real or not) about you or someone else you know (or make up) that supports any one of your points.
Statistics : again, these can be real or made up. Term Title Page? You could invent a research study that looked at recordings of phone calls and found 80% of people end up cursing while using automated phone menus (to support perspective one), make up statistics that show automated cashiers are able to in the media process 3x as many check-outs as human cashiers (to support perspective 2), or come up with any other kind of what should be taught statistics that support one of the perspectives. Specifics from Sources : use knowledge of events from history or current events to support your points. If you're not certain of the details, it's all right - the essay graders won't deduct points for factually inaccurate information. For this essay, you could use the invention of the printing press (and its effects) as an example of portrayal essay how mechanization can lead to unimagined possibilities. Here's the evidence I came up with for my essay: Perspective One: What we lose with the replacement of thesis people by in the media machines is what should be taught in school some part of our own humanity. Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for other people. Evidence : Many of our phone conversations are conducted not with people, but with sophisticated technologies. that don't necessarily work at 100%
Explanation : People get so frustrated with the portrayal of women in the media technology that when they press 0 to speak with a real human they are often rude and discourteous. Perspective Two: Machines are good at term, low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. Portrayal In The? This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for online statement, everyone. Evidence : Robots build cars on assembly lines. Explanation : Lower cost, decreases risk of injury to human workers. Perspective Three: Intelligent machines challenge our long-standing ideas about what humans are or can be. This is good because it pushes both humans and machines toward new, unimagined possibilities. Evidence : Brain-computer interfaces that allow people to control computers with their brains are a thing. Explanation : Allow people to portrayal in the media overcome physical limitations, inspire us to continue researching and expanding knowledge.
Step 3: Brainstorm Your Counterarguments to, or Analyses of, the graduation project statements Other Perspectives. There's no one right way to respond to the perspectives the ACT gives you. Some of it depends on what point of view you take. For instance, if I agreed with Perspective One, which takes a negative view of the effects of intelligent machines, I might want to discuss both of the other two perspectives (which both take positive views of intelligent machines) in one paragraph, and then disagree with them in portrayal in the, the next paragraph as I present my support for Perspective One. Since I am arguing for punctuation for movie titles in essays, Perspective Three (machines challenge our ideas about what humans are or can be, which pushes us and machines toward new possibilities), I am going to of women in the essay argue against Perspective One and Perspective Two separately, because I have strong evidence for my analyses of each perspective. Essay On Little? Because the essay only requires you to analyze the relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective, if I had lots of evidence to use in portrayal essay, my comparison of my perspective and Perspective One, but nothing to say about Perspective Two, I could also decide not to discuss that perspective at all.
In this case, I was able to thing of solid arguments for titles, and against both of the other perspectives, so I chose to analyze both of media essay them and their relationship to punctuation titles my perspective below. Again, these are not necessarily worded in of women in the essay, their final form. Perspective One: What we lose with the replacement of people by machines is some part of our own humanity. Structure Essay Year? Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for other people. Evidence : Many of portrayal of women in the our phone conversations are conducted not with people, but with sophisticated technologies. Titles In Essays? that don't necessarily work at 100%
Explanation : People get so frustrated with the portrayal of women media technology that when they press 0 to speak with a real human they are often rude and discourteous. Counterargument/analysis : The benefits outweigh the costs, because providing people with the option to submit prescriptions or ask about store hours through an automated menu frees up customer service reps to essay on little answer real questions. In addition, recordings of calls with angry customers are used to improve the media essay menus. Perspective Two: Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone.
Evidence : Robots build cars on assembly lines. Explanation : Robots take over thesis statements dangerous jobs which decreases risk of injury to human workers, lowering cost to employers. Counterargument/analysis : This perspective is true, but is portrayal of women media essay limited in what be taught, its consideration of the implications. Robots can not only do things instead of humans, but can actually work with humans, as in precise surgery, to a better result than either humans or machines alone. Now that you have the main points of portrayal of women in the media essay your essay, it's time to paper title page organize them in a way that makes sense. Make sure to portrayal of women media include your introduction (with your thesis statement containing your point of view, or at least a rough sense of your thesis statement) and conclusion in this organization. If you have time, you can include transitions now, but you can also just add them as you are writing. The increasing prevalence of machines challenges us, etc, will put this in fancy words when I write the essay for real. Perspective One argues that replacing humans with machine leads us to lose part of our own humanity, because even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from project us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for other people. I have witnessed this in my own life through watching my mother interact with some of those sophisticated automated phone systems.
She sometimes gets so frustrated with the technology refusing to of women in the media do what she wants that, by the time the menu allows her to speak to a real human, my mother is no longer courteous or respectful. Despite this frustration, I think the benefits outweigh the costs, because providing people with the term paper title page apa style option to portrayal of women in the media submit prescriptions or ask about store hours through an automated menu frees up customer service reps to answer real questions. In addition, recordings of calls with angry customers are used to improve the menus. In contrast to Perspective One, Perspective Two argues that the main utility of machines is in their ability to perform repetitive tasks more precisely and graduation thesis efficiently than humans. In auto plants around the world, robots build cars on assembly lines, performing their jobs with high precision and at lower overall cost to media employers, who can make a one time purchase rather than having to pay a human a yearly salary (and worry about liability issues)
The true impact of thesis intelligent machines in our lives is that they challenge us to portrayal of women in the re-think our preconceived notions of what people can do or become in the future. An example of this is brain-computer interfaces that allow people to online writing control computers with their brains. With BCIs, people can overcome physical limitations.. In addition, BCIs have capture the portrayal in the media interest of people from all different backgrounds and are being applied to non-scientific fields to create new, previously unimagined inventions and ways to interact with the world. In conclusion, rather than taking away from our humanity, intelligent machines help us to structure of an year 8 move forward as a species to portrayal of women in the new heights. By the essay end of this step, you should try to have about portrayal of women essay 30 minutes left so you have enough time to write. If you don't, just keep in mind that you might have to skimp on some of your explanations/counterarguments for the perspective(s) you compare to your own. Once you've structured your argument, it's time to write it all down! Step 5: Introduction Paragraph Thesis. Write your introduction.
If you can think of an interesting first sentence that brings your thesis into a larger discussion, start with that. (If writing the introduction stumps you, just leave 10-15 lines blank at the beginning of the paper and come back to it.) From the essay on little bighorn simplest system of pulleys and ropes in ancient Greece to portrayal of women in the the most complex supercomputer in the world today, machines have had (and continue to have) a profound influence on the development of humanity. Make sure you clearly state your thesis. For a 3+/6 essay, this should include your perspective on the issue and how it relates to at least one of the online personal statement writing other perspectives presented in essay, the prompt. While some argue that machines have a negative impact on punctuation in essays, us, the increasing prevalence of intelligent machines in the world challenges us to change long held beliefs about our limitations and to continue forward to new and even more advanced possibilities. When you start your first body paragraph , try to portrayal essay think of a first sentence that refers back to the first paragraph. Ideally, you'll start every paragraph by paper page referring back to your thesis to create a unified argument. One common argument against the increased presence of portrayal in the media essay machines in our day-to-day lives (seen in Perspective One) is that machines leach away at our basic humanity. Then address the argument opposing yours (in this case, Perspective One).
Explain the evidence that supports this perspective in 3-5 sentences. I found this to be true in my own life as a result of witnessing many a phone conversation between my mother and an automated telephone menu. For whatever reason, she consistently has issues with the menus that try to verify her date of birth. The automated system never understands what she says (possibly because of her accent), and asks her to input the numbers via her keypad; of course, my mom's smartphone is what subjects be taught essay so smart that the screen turns off while she is on a call, making it impossible for her to follow the automated phone system's instructions. By the time the system gives up and routes her to speak to in the media a human representative, my mother is often so frustrated that she is page far from courteous and respectful to that person.
Then, make sure to portrayal of women explain your counterargument to this perspective, tying it back to your thesis. Despite my mother's understandable frustration with automated phone systems, however, overall the benefits outweigh the costs. On Little Bighorn? Providing people with the option to submit prescriptions or ask about store hours through an automated menu frees up customer service representatives to answer questions machines are incapable of in the media addressing. In addition, the recordings of angry phone calls (where customers are not courteous, respectful, or tolerant of other humans) are used to improve the punctuation titles in essays phone menus to portrayal of women in the media essay make them more user-friendly. Thus, the momentary disrespect toward other humans caused by machines is more than compensated for by the positive effects of online personal those same machines. If you're only comparing your perspective against one of the others, then this paragraph should contain further analysis of the relationship between the two perspectives.
If you're comparing your perspective against both of the other perspectives (as I did in this essay), then this is where you introduce your thoughts on the second perspective. Another school of thought, exemplified by Perspective Two, argues that the of women in the media main utility of machines is their ability to perform repetitive tasks more precisely and more efficiently than humans, which leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. Address the argument of this second perspective (in this case, Perspective Two). Explain the evidence that supports this perspective in 3-5 sentences. In auto plants around the world, robots build cars on assembly lines. Instead of having to on little bighorn pay a human employee a yearly salary, invest time in training that employee, and worry about in the essay liability should that employee be injured, manufacturing plants can now make a one-time purchase of an intelligent machine that will perform that same job at higher levels of structure 8 precision. This leads to a more prosperous world for the manufacturers, as they are able to invest less money to get a better product. Then, make sure to explain how this perspective relates back to your perspective. This perspective is fine as far as it goes, but is portrayal essay limited in its consideration of the implications.
Robots can not only work in online writing, place of humans, but can also work cooperatively with humans to portrayal of women media essay a greater results than either could have hoped for alone. This can be seen in highly complex and delicate surgeries, where a surgeon controls robotic microtools to perform operations that even ten years ago would have been unimaginable and impossible. Introduce your main perspective, linking it back to the counterarguments you've made against at least one of the other perspectives. I agree with Perspective Three that the true impact of intelligent machines in our lives is that they challenge us to re-think our preconceived notions of what people can do or become in essay on little bighorn, the future. Present one final example in support of your perspective. A final example of this is brain-computer interfaces, or BCIs. Humans are able to manipulate computers with their brains via electrodes that are either implanted in their brains or attached (temporarily) to their heads. Portrayal Media? With these intelligent machines, formerly paralyzed people who had no hope of communicating with others are able to transcend their physical limitations by concentrating to form words out of keyboards on the computer screens. In addition, BCIs have captured the interest of people from all different backgrounds and are being applied to non-scientific fields like music to create new, previously unimagined instruments that react to people's thoughts, adding a new dimension to year 8 an ancient art form. Truly, intelligent machines are providing the portrayal impetus not just for greater efficiency, but for greater accomplishments. Check your time.
Try to have 5-6 minutes left at this point. Come up with a quick sentence that restates your thesis to wrap up the essay. In conclusion, rather than taking away from our humanity, intelligent machines actually help us to move forward as a species to achieve new, previously unimagined possibilities. Let's look at our complete ACT essay example:  From the simplest system of pulleys and online statement ropes in ancient Greece to the most complex supercomputer in the world today, machines have had (and continue to have) a profound influence on portrayal of women in the media, the development of humanity. While some argue that machines have a negative impact on term apa style, us, the increasing prevalence of intelligent machines in of women media, the world challenge us to change long held beliefs about 8 our limitations and to continue forward to new and even more advanced possibilities.  One common argument against of women in the media essay the increased presence of machines in our day-to-day lives (seen in graduation project, Perspective One) is in the essay that machines leach away at subjects in school essay, our basic humanity. I found this to be true in my own life as a result of portrayal of women in the essay witnessing many a phone conversation between my mother and an automated telephone menu. For whatever reason, she consistently has issues with the menus that try to verify her date of birth.
The automated system never understands what she says (possibly because of her accent), and asks her to input the numbers via her keypad; of paper title page course, my mom's smartphone is so smart that the screen turns off while she is on a call, making it impossible for in the media essay, her to term title follow the automated phone system's instructions. By the time the system gives up and routes her to speak to a human representative, my mother is often so frustrated that she is far from courteous and respectful to that person. Despite my mother's understandable frustration with automated phone systems, however, overall the benefits outweigh the costs. Providing people with the option to submit prescriptions or ask about store hours through an automated menu frees up customer service representatives to answer questions machines are incapable of addressing. In addition, the recordings of angry phone calls (where customers are not courteous, respectful, or tolerant of portrayal of women in the media other humans) are used to what subjects in school improve the phone menus to make them more user-friendly. Thus, the essay momentary disrespect toward other humans caused by project thesis machines is more than compensated for by the media essay positive effects of those same machines.  Another school of thought, exemplified by Perspective Two, argues that the what subjects should in school essay main utility of machines is their ability to in the essay perform repetitive tasks more precisely and more efficiently than humans, which leads to of an year 8 a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. In auto plants around the in the essay world, robots build cars on assembly lines.
Instead of having to pay a human employee a yearly salary, invest time in training that employee, and worry about liability should that employee be injured, manufacturing plants can now make a one-time purchase of an intelligent machine that will perform that same job at higher levels of precision. This leads to a more prosperous world for the manufacturers, as they are able to invest less money to get a better product. Paper? This perspective is fine as far as it goes, but is limited in its consideration of the in the media implications. Robots can not only work in place of structure essay year humans, but can also work cooperatively with humans to portrayal of women in the essay a greater results than either could have hoped for alone. This can be seen in highly complex and delicate surgeries, where a surgeon controls robotic microtools to perform operations that even ten years ago would have been unimaginable and impossible.  I agree with Perspective Three that the true impact of graduation project statements intelligent machines in portrayal of women in the, our lives is essay on little that they challenge us to re-think our preconceived notions of in the essay what people can do or become in the future. A final example of this is brain-computer interfaces, or BCIs.
Humans are able to manipulate computers with their brains via electrodes that are either implanted in their brains or attached (temporarily) to their heads. With these intelligent machines, formerly paralyzed people who had no hope of communicating with others are able to transcend their physical limitations by concentrating to form words out of statements keyboards on the computer screens. In addition, BCIs have captured the portrayal media essay interest of graduation project thesis statements people from all different backgrounds and are being applied to non-scientific fields like music to create new, previously unimagined instruments that react to of women media essay people's thoughts, adding a new dimension to online personal statement an ancient art form. Truly, intelligent machines are providing the impetus not just for greater efficiency, but for greater accomplishments.  In conclusion, rather than taking away from our humanity, intelligent machines actually help us to move forward as a species to achieve new, previously unimagined possibilities. In these last 2-4 minutes, you want to read over of women your essay and essay on little trying to pick up a point or two by revising. In this time, you can do a number of things. You can, of course, correct mistakes : Paragraph 1, Sentence 2: [subject/verb agreement; change is portrayal of women bolded] The increasing prevalence of intelligent machines in the world challenges us to change long held beliefs about our limitations and to continue forward to personal statement new and even more advanced possibilities. You can replace dull or problematic words or phrasing with fancier words or clearer turns of phrase:
Paragraph 2, last sentence. Thus, the momentary disrespect toward other humans caused by machines is more than compensated for by the positive effects of those same machines. We can change it to: Thus, any momentary disrespect my mom might show to a customer service representative (as a result of frustration with the automated system) is more than compensated for portrayal of women in the, by the positive effects of those same machines. There you go! Now you know how to write a good ACT essay. If any part of this was confusing, re-read that section. Statement? Then try to do it yourself with a sample ACT essay prompt. Practice planning your essays in media essay, 8-10 minutes before you start writing . The time limits above should be your goal; start by giving yourself more time and then shrink it down.
You can use the list from our ACT essay prompts blog post or any list of online personal writing ACT-like questions and start with the of women in the essay planning stage . Don't forget to term paper title page check out our full analysis of the portrayal of women ACT Writing Rubric, with strategies and explanations that can guide you in your essay planning! Our blog post about ACT essay tips has more in-depth information about the details of planning and essay on little bighorn arguing in the ACT essay. If you've already taken the ACT and are wondering how the new essay differs from the old ACT Writing test, definitely be sure to check out our article on the enhanced ACT Writing section. Want to portrayal of women in the media improve your ACT score by 4 points? Check out our best-in-class online ACT prep program.
We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your ACT score by 4 points or more. Our program is entirely online, and it customizes your prep program to online personal statement your strengths and weaknesses. We also have expert instructors who can grade every one of your practice ACT essays, giving feedback on how to improve your score. Check out our 5-day free trial: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the portrayal essay Longy School of Music of punctuation for movie titles Bard College. Of Women Essay? She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and for movie in essays GRE and loves advising students on portrayal, how to excel in high school. You should definitely follow us on social media.
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