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ohs advisor resume Hi Melany, Thanks for your question. Example! In terms of temperature please refer to the Environmental Regulations in the Occupational and Health and Safety Act.However in yoghurt stabilizers papers terms of a cold room allowance we are not sure on this, but perhaps a Labour Broker may be able to assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Wilson, Yes you are welcome to publish in thesis example the ESA Journal. Please contact the editor, Dr Candice Christie [email protected] Thanks Jessica. Hi Mpho, Thanks for your question. Essays! It does depend on the number of rooms/offices and perhaps you can consult a Union Rep, Labour Broker or perhaps have a look at the Basic Conditions of Employment Act. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Darren, Thanks for your question. Please consult the physiotherapists association as they will be better suited to answering your question www.saphysio.co.za Thanks Jessica. Hi AJ, Thanks for your question. If you have a look at the Occupational Health and Safety Act there is a large amount of detail on the lux levels for various tasks. A Master Thesis Example! This is in the Environmental Regulations, under lighting.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Johan, Thanks for your question. In terms of head clearance it depends on saterical, the anthropometry and user population you are catering for. Males and thesis example Females differ in terms of my favorite hobby essay, anthropometrics (body shape and size). Perhaps you can consult and Ergonomist to assist you or have a look at the RSA-MIL-STD 127 which is the standard for the South African military population. It also depends on the type of work being performed, duration, frequency etc etc.

This makes it difficult to give a definitive answer. Thanks Jessica. Hi Anita, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately ESSA does not recommend specific suppliers, in order to remain fair to the community, however you may wish to consult one of the Ergonomists on the website who will gladly assist you in determining the correct chair for your requirements. In terms of air conditioners, South Africa has little in terms of legislation regarding the temperature settings but based on international best practice it is advisable that the temperature is set to 21 degrees Celsius and those who find this too hot / cold should dress appropriately.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Tafadzwa, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we cannot assist with regards to this question. It appears it may be a health and safety company?? Apologies, Jessica.

Hi Alida, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we don't have these stats, but perhaps you could estimate by looking at the number of people who work as an estimate of the number of people who may have a computer. It would not be correct but could serve as a gauge or try Stats SA and see what they have to say. Thanks Jessica. Hi Zenani, Thanks for your question. Please have a look at our website for a list of a master, Ergonomic Consultants who should be able to assist you. Essays! Thanks Jessica. Hi Michelle, Thanks for your question. It depends on what you want to be / do at University.

I would suggest you contact Career Guidance Advisor's at the respective Universities you are applying at to assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Clare, Thanks for a master thesis example your question. Unfortunately the Society does not provide consulting services, however you may wish to contact a list of consultancies on our website. Thank you, Jessica. Hi Audrey, Thanks for your question.

We unfortunately do not provide a list of suppliers but you may want to contact our consultants (on our website) for essays for school children their service providers. Thank you, Jessica. Hi Dennis, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we cannot assist with this query. You may wish to look into someone at thesis example ECSA who may be able to assist.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Nikki, Thanks for essays children your question. A Master Thesis! Unfortunately we cannot assist but you may want to consult the Sectional Title Act and a Managing agency who will be able to assist you. Thanks Jessica. HI Jerome, Thanks for your question but unfortunately this is not our scope. We deal with Ergonomics and how best to improve employee's work environments. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Carel, Unfortunately we cannot assist you with this query. Perhaps wedding coordinators may be of some help. Thanks. Essay Like Nephew George Maude! Jessica. Hi Deon, Thanks for your question. In terms of schools we are not to sure about a master thesis example this but you may wish to consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act under the Environmental Regulations.

It does depend on whether there is air conditioning, whether the kids have liquid to prevent dehydration and also the type of environment they are in. Thanks Jessica. HI Elba, Thanks for your question. The OHS Act refers to open office / plan environments. So if this what you intend on doing then this the do your essay, requirement of 2.25 square metres. However there are pros and thesis example cons to open plan offices and although they can save space, they have been found to not increase or improve productivity. So you will need to way these things up. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jacqui, Unfortunately we cannot assist with this but you may wish to visit a website called ergokid which deals a lot with school ergonomics. The web address is www.ergokid.com Thanks Jessica. Hi Tshidi Thanks for your question.

Please consult the National Building Regulations SANS 10400. University! Thanks Jessica. Hi Muhammad, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we cannot assist with this. Perhaps a Safety Company that deals with fire hazards and training will be able to assist you? Apologies.

Jessica. Hi Cabindeeb, Unfortunately we do not have this answer for you. Perhaps you may wish to contact your Human Resources department or your safety officer. Thanks Jessica. Hi Comien, Thanks for your question. Please contact the consultants on our website who will be able to a master thesis example, assist you.

Thank you, Jessica. Hi Raaziq, Thanks for your question. Please contact our consultants on the website who may have short courses for you to attend. Stabilizers Research Papers! As ESSA we do not conduct training. Thesis Example! Many thanks, Jessica. Hi Leana, Unfortunately there is thesis university no legislation regarding this but that this should be a matter that your HR department should assist you with as this is obviously not conducive. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Kobus, Thanks for your question. We would suggest you contact your HR or Safety Officer as they will be aware of the Occupational Health and Safety Act which stipulates ventilation and temperature under the Environmental Regulations. Also perhaps you may need to thesis example, inform them of the amount of essay, office space each person is required to have in an open plan environment of 2.25 square metres, also in example the OHS Act under the facilities regulations. Thanks Jessica. Hi Cecile, We have attended to your question privately. Essay Maude! Please let me know if you received the response. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Werner, Thanks for example your question. Please refer to the Occupational Health and Safety Act, and under the Environmental Regulations there is a section on tamil essays, lighting and what lighting should be for certain tasks. Lighting can be measured by a Occupational Hygienist. Thanks Jessica. Hi Nancy, Thanks for your question.

Unfortunately we are not the suitably qualified professionals to assist you. Perhaps contact an Environmentalist? Thanks Jessica. Hi Gladstone, Thanks for your question. You may wish to refer to the National Building Regulations which deals with buildings (including stairs etc.) for disabled people. Thanks Jessica. Hi JOhan, Thanks for example your question.

We suggest between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. This is recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this. You may wish to of malta, make reference to the Occupational Health and Safety Act, under temperature. A Master Example! However this information is international best practice as South Africa does not provide this. Thanks Jessica. Hi Shirin, Thanks for do your ese your question. The Occupational Health and Safety Act under the facilities regulations suggests 2.25 square metres per person for an open plan office. It doest specify for a master thesis an individual office. Thesis! Thanks Jessica. Hi Sonja Thanks for your question.

It does depend on the task but usually it should be just below elbow height if one is standing and the elbows are bent in front of you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Sedric, Thanks for your question. South Africa does not have any legislation regarding this unfortunately. You may wish to consult a website www.ergokid.com and they have some good information. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Samuel, Unfortunately we cannot assist with this matter, You may wish to contact a Labour Lawyer or your Union Representative or Human Resource personnel. Thanks Jessica. Hi Diane, Thanks for your question. There is new legislation which will stipulate Ergonomics in the Occupational Health and Safety Act. In the mean time the COID Act stipulates information on work related upper limb injuries as a result of poor ergonomics. In terms of statistics, South Africa does not have up to date information on this. Thesis Example! Thanks Jessica. Hi Diane, Thanks for your question. If it is thesis of malta proved (by an Ergonomist) that your work contributed to a master, MSD then this can be claimed from the compensation commissioner through the COID act. Training is stabilizers important from a Occupational Health and Safety Act view which stipulates employees must be trained on safety to prevent injuries and accidents from happening at work.

Perhaps contact your Safety Department as they will know, or alternatively the HR Department. You may wish to also contact the Compensation Commissioner. Thesis! Thanks Jessica. Hi Denver, thanks for your question. Yoghurt Stabilizers! You may wish to consult the a master example, Occupational Health and Safety Act, under the Environmental Regulations where temperature is discussed. Essay! Alternatively you can request an Ergonomist or your Safety Personnel to conduct a risk assessment which would look into clothing depending on the job. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Neil, Unfortunately we cant assist but perhaps a Home Owners Association or Mangaing Agent company can assist. Also the National Building Regulations SANS 10400 may assist you. A Master Example! Thanks Jessica. Hi Meena, Unfortunately we do not have this information, but perhaps the National Building Regulations may assist you, SANS 10400. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Anke, Thanks for your question. Please refer to the Occupational Health and Safety Act under the Environmental Regulations which stipulates ventilation and windows. Thanks Jessica. Hi Terrance, Thanks for your question. Please consult our website for like nephew a list of consultants.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Prem, Thanks for your question. Thesis! We suggest between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. This is recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this. Essays! Thanks Jessica. Hi Ronel, Thanks for your question. This is an ongoing problem for many people and we suggest between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. This is recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this. You can also get the temperature measured and your Safety personnel can also assist as there are consequences to working in thesis example a stuffy environment e.g. reduced work performance, fatigue etc. Thanks Jessica. Hi Reeve, Thanks for your question.

The only University in South Africa to offer a full degree in Ergonomics is Rhodes University. You may wish to contact the Head of Department, Dr Candice Christie ([email protected]) Thanks Jessica. Hi Ashmita, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we do not have this information but perhaps the South Africa Institute for Occupational Hygienists can assist you (SAIOH). Thanks Jessica. Hi Lesley, Unfortunately we do not have this information. Perhaps the National Building Regulations may assist you as the only information is 2.25 square metres but that is for office employees. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Boitumelo, Thanks for your question. We suggest the thesis, temperature in an office be between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. This is recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this. Thesis! However in terms of my favorite, where one sits, obviously being directly underneath it could be the reason why you have these symptoms. Perhaps you can redirect the air flow or alternatively contact your Safety or HR Department. A Master Thesis Example! Thanks Jessica. Hi Neto, Thanks for saterical essays your question. Are you referring to thesis example, a stand for your laptop? Thanks Jessica. Hi Matome, It is in the Facilities Regulations and makes reference to 2.25 square metres per person. Tamil For School Children! Thanks Jessica.

Hi Mariette, Thanks for a master thesis your question. Unfortunately we do not have this information available however this website may provide some information www.ergokid.com Thanks Jessica. Hi Kyle, Thanks for your question. Yes this is a safety risk. Your Managing Agents or the Body Corporate/Home Owners Association must attend to this. Thanks Jessica. Hi Wilma Please consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act under the Environmental Regulations which specifies working in hot temperatures. Thanks Jessica. Hi Wynand, Thanks for essay george your question. Please consult the National Building Regulations, SANS 10400 which may be able to assist you. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Jackie, Thanks for your question. We suggest between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. This is recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this. Thanks Jessica. Hi Lwazi, Thanks for thesis example your question. We suggest between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. This is recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this. You can also refer to the Occupational Health and Safety Act, under the Environmental Regulations for temperature and ventilation. Thanks Jessica.

HI Eva, Thanks for your question. Ergonomists will not advocate the use of saterical, a kneeling chair as it can contribute to poor postures and does not meet Ergonomic criteria. Perhaps contact one of the thesis example, consulting companies on the website who may be able to assist. Thanks Jessica. Hi Vernon, Thanks for essay like nephew george your question. Unfortunately we do not have this information available as the 2.25 is for office employees. Perhaps the a master thesis example, Department of Education can assist? Thanks Jessica. Hi Justin, Thanks for your question.

We would suggest you contact the thesis university, SAIOH organisation. They are hygienists and should be able to assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Maria, Thanks for your question. You may want to approach your Health and Safety rep as they will be able to assist you. Alternatively you can also look at the Occupational Health and a master example Safety Act. It is not advisable to tamil for school, sit on high chairs with no feet support and also resting your arms on a hard surface. Thesis Example! Keep us posted.

Jessica. Thanks Rishi for your question. George Maude! You would need to see the specs of that ladder as it might not be made for certain people of a certain weight. If there is a risk for an accident perhaps find this information out first and then you would be able to a master example, say that either you are ok to use it or if not you need to inform your employer otherwise they could be liable. Thanks Jessica. Hi Rishi, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately this is not legislated in South Africa as the load to be lifted is dependent on a number of factors: -individual -task -object being lifted (shape, size, mass) -duration -frequency -environment (temperature) We would suggest you contact your Health and saterical Safety Rep and that a risk assessment is done. This will determine whether or not it is safe for you to lift the thesis, mass of the this object. Stabilizers Research Papers! If you did hurt your back and you have a company medical nurse go visit them to also see how they can assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Graham, Thanks for your question.

The Occupational Health and Safety Act under the regulations refers to 2.25 square metres per person. Example! Thanks Jessica. Hi Julian, Thanks for your question. 2.25 square metres can be found in the Facilities Regulations in the Occupational Health and essay nephew george Safety Act. Thanks Jessica. Hi Vivek, Thanks for your question. A Master Thesis Example! The Occupational Health and Safety Act in do your essay the Facilities Regulations states 2.25 square metres per person. Thanks Jessica. Hi Marius, Thanks for your question. There is a bit of a debate about sitting on an exercise ball but as Ergonomists we don't advocate this given that the spine is unsupported and this places increased strain on the core to keep one upright. The muscles in the lower back also take more strain and a master thesis example therefore we recommend that for prolonged sitting that an exercise ball does not replace a good ergonomic chair. https://ergoweb.com/opinion-balls-as-office-chairs-a-bad-idea/ Thanks Jessica.

Hi Marius, Thanks for your question. It does sound like you need a good Ergonomic chair. There are a number of companies that say ergonomic on their chairs so one does need to my favorite, be careful. I would suggest contacting one of a master thesis example, our Ergonomists on the website as they may be able to essays children, assist you with their preferred suppliers. Example! Thanks Jessica. Hi Mfundo, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we are not sure if there is specific legislation regarding this but maybe look at the National Building Regulations which might be more useful. Thanks Jessica. Hi Danella, Thanks for yoghurt papers your question.

I would suggest you become a member of the Ergonomics Society (details under membership on our website) and as and a master when we host conferences etc you can in that way be informed more about Ergonomics. Thanks Jessica. Hi Bill, Thanks for your question. Ese! This is prescribed in the National Building Regulations SANS 10400. Thanks Jessica. Hi Jose, Thanks for your question. I would suggest that you become a member of ESSA and in that way as and when courses become available you will be informed. Please visit our membership page on the website. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Mary, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately there are no DSE guidelines as in the UK in South Africa. Regarding eye tests I think this is dependent on each company's policies. A Master! Thanks Jessica. Hi Alison, Thanks for stabilizers your question. In terms of Ergonomics, the Facilities Regulations address that each employee should be provided with 2.25 square metres of space in a working environment. This is part of the thesis, Occupational Health and Safety Act of South Africa's regulations. In terms of desk measurements there are no standards as in South African legislation but you can consult ergonomic references for this. Thanks Jessica. HI Nikhil, Thanks for do your essay your question.

If you have already done the NIOSH equation then unfortunately there is no other legislation which states the example, maximum weight. It will have to be determined through an Ergonomics risk assessment. Thanks Jessica. Hi JJ, Thanks for your question. Please consult the National Building Regulations, SANS 10400 which prescribes this. Thanks Jessoca.

Hi Avinash, Thanks for tamil for school your question. Unfortunately we do not know the answer but perhaps you may wish to consult the National Building Regulations, SANS 10400 which may be of example, help. Thanks Jessica. Hi Jerome, A workstation consists of the Visual Display Unit (VDU) / computer monitor / screen, central processing unit, mouse, keyboard, laptop, chair, desk and any other accessories such as a telephone and radio. Do Your Essay! It’s not a hard and cast definition and every workplace will have different workstations but its where people would be performing their work e.g. in a factory it could be the conveyor table or a work bench so its where someone does their work. If you could explain what else or where else your employees work in the retail sector it may be easier to assist i.e. what else do they do other than work at a computer. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Sonja, Thanks for your question. Please consult the example, OHS Act (Act 85 of thesis of malta, 1993) and the Environmental Regulations where lighting in detail is specified and examples of thesis example, lux measurements can be found for different working environments. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Deshan, Thanks for your question. You may wish to consult the Ergonomists listed on our website which may be able to assist you with suppliers that they use and in this way you will get reviews too. Thanks Jessica. Hi Hlogi, Thanks for university of malta your question. Unfortunately we dont know this answer but perhaps the National Building Regulations may assist you, SANS 10400. A Master Thesis! Thanks Jessica. Hi Tertia, Thanks for your question.

The reference is the saterical, Facilities Regulations, under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, Act 85 of 1993. Thanks Jessica. HI Natali, Thanks for your question. Yes stuffy offices can result in a master employees feeling lethargic and therefore this impacts on saterical essays, their work output. It can also impact on their wellness and therefore may result in absenteeism, illness and a master thesis reduced morale.

People may become sick easily as there is less fresh air to remove the germs and also keep them awake. There are a number of factors that can impact on essays, employees' performance at work and so perhaps you can consult the Ergonomics / Human Factors Journals and references. Thanks Jessica. HI Karin, Thanks for your question. It is recommended that each employee be provided with 2.25 square metres of example, office space and this is stipulated in the Facilities Regulations of the Occupational Health and Safety Act. Do Your Ese! Thanks Jessica. HI Elza, Thanks for your question. It is best you consult the National Building Regulations SANS 10400 for your queries.

Thanks, Jessica. HI Liezl, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately this is not legislated but the NIOSH equation is generally used to determine this. When calculating the maximum weight there are a number of factors to consider e.g individual factors (age, gender etc), task factors (lifting, lowering, frequency, duration) environmental factors (temperature) etc etc. It is best to determine this maximum weight by means of an Ergonomics risk assessment as there is no one answer given the a master thesis, number of factors which influence the maximum weight. Thanks Jessica. Hi Mahle, Thanks for your question. Essay Maude! Please consult our Ergonomists listed on the website as they will be able to a master, recommend genuine Ergonomic chair suppliers. Thanks Jessica. Hi Thabo, Thanks for your question. This does depend on a number of factors: 1. the individual e.g age, size, shape, etc.

2. the task e.g lifting, lowering 3. the duration e.g 8 hours a day 4. the frequency of picking up e.g 5 times per minute 5. the object to be picked up e.g shape, size, weight, handles present or not 6. environment e.g temperature All of these factors influence the recommended weight limit which if conditions are said to be perfect is 23kg and this weight reduces as the conditions above change. We suggest you look into the NIOSH equation for lifting however in South Africa there is no recommendation. An ergonomics risk assessment may be of help to assist you in determining this. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Heather, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we do not advise on products or suppliers but I would suggest that you perhaps have someone advise you i.e an Ergonomist as to whether a kneeling chair is the best option for your condition. Thanks Jessica. Hi Mechman, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately you may wish to rather consult the General Safety Regulations in the Occupational Health and essay like nephew george Safety Act for a master your query. Thanks Jessica. Hi Radley, Thanks for maude your question.

The answer is prescribed in the SANS 10400 which is the document called the thesis, National Building Regulations and they prescribe the number of toilets per number of employees. Thanks Jessica. Hi Adri, Thanks for your questions. The first answer is 2.2.5 square metres of office space and nephew maude this is in the Facilities regulations of the OHS Act. Your second question you may wish to consult the National Building Regulations, SANS 10400. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Kelvin, Thanks for your question. Please could you be more specific as to what your questions seeks to example, answer? Thanks Jessica. Hi Zamo, Thanks for my favorite hobby your question.

This is in a master the Facilities Regulations. My Favorite Hobby! Thanks Jessica. Hi Bilinda, Thanks for your question. It will be necessary to answer this by means of an Ergonomics Risk Assessment which we recommend your company conduct. Pushing/pulling is dependent on a master thesis example, a number of factors and therefore cannot be given in a quick answer. Please feel free to consult one of the essays, Ergonomists on example, our website. Thanks Jessica. HI Theunis, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately this is do your ese not documented in SA Labour laws and it is recommended that this be calculated through an Ergonomics Risk Assessment. This is because pushing/pulling is a master dependent on a number of factors e.g. the individual (age, gender), the task (frequency, duration), the thesis university, floor surface and the environment (e.g temperature) for example.

You may also wish to look up the a master, Snook Tables which may help you. Thesis Of Malta! Thanks Jessica. HI Melinda, Thanks for your question, Please consult the OHS Act and in particular the a master thesis example, Facilities Regulations which prescribe 2.25 square metres of office space per employee. Thanks Jessica. Hi Parvez, Thanks for stabilizers research papers your question. This does depend on thesis example, a number of factors: 1. the individual e.g age, size, shape, etc. 2. the task e.g lifting, lowering 3. the duration e.g 8 hours a day 4. the frequency of picking up e.g 5 times per minute 5. the object to be picked up e.g shape, size, weight, handles present or not 6. environment e.g temperature All of these factors influence the recommended weight limit which if conditions are said to be perfect is stabilizers 23kg and this weight reduces as the conditions above change. We suggest you look into the NIOSH equation for thesis example lifting however in South Africa there is no recommendation. An ergonomics risk assessment may be of help to assist you in for school children determining this.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ruan, Thanks for thesis your question. You have a right as the OHS Act stipulates that you as an employee should work in a healthy and safe workplace; however there is no legislation regarding the air conditioner temperatures for of malta South Africa hence why we rely on overseas legislation. You should contact your HR Manager or your Safety Representative to assist you with having a risk assessment conducted to address this issue. Thanks Jessica. Thanks for your question.

This does depend on a number of factors: 1. the individual e.g age, size, shape, etc. 2. the task e.g lifting, lowering 3. the duration e.g 8 hours a day 4. the frequency of picking up e.g 5 times per minute 5. the object to be picked up e.g shape, size, weight, handles present or not 6. environment e.g temperature All of these factors influence the recommended weight limit which if conditions are said to be perfect is 23kg and this weight reduces as the a master example, conditions above change. We suggest you look into the NIOSH equation for lifting however in essays South Africa there is no recommendation. An ergonomics risk assessment may be of a master, help to assist you in determining this. Thanks, Jessica. HI Erna, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately South African legislation is not clear on indoor temperature such as air conditioner temperatures.

We use Canadian legislation where it states that the tamil children, air conditioner should be set at 22-23 degrees Celsius and those who find this too hot/cold should dress appropriately. Alternatively you can visit the Environmental Regulations in the Occupational Health and Safety Act. Thanks Jessica. Hi Godfrey, Thanks for your question. You may wish to visit the Environmental Regulations and also in terms of air conditioners it is best (based on thesis example, international legislation) to have them set at 22-23 degrees Celsius.

Those that find this too hot or cold should dress appropriately. Thanks Jessica. Hi Nomazizi, Unfortunately we cannot assist with this matter. Thanks Jessica. Hi Juliette, Thanks for tamil essays for school your question. You may wish to use the Employment Equity legislation and particularly the a master, section on people with disabilities. Stabilizers! Otherwise you can suggest that an Ergonomics assessment be conducted as employees should not sit or stand for long periods of a day but need to alternate. Thesis! I would strongly recommend you consult your HR and Safety department to hobby essay, see if they can assist you.

Thanks Jessica. HI Lethu, You may wish to get a copy of the National Building Regulations SANS 10400 which may help you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Oliver, You may wish to a master, contact Ergonomists on university, our wesbite for a list of suppliers. Thanks Jessica. Hi Diane, There is example legislation that makes mention of essay maude, Ergonomics and also that contains elements of a master thesis, areas relating to yoghurt stabilizers, Ergonomics.

One being the Occupational Health and Safety Act and then regulations such as the Construction regulations and also the a master, Facilities regulations. Others such as the Environmental Regulations are also Ergonomics related. Thanks Jessica. Hi Constance, Thanks for your question. It is not so easy to answer as it dependent on a number of factors. University Of Malta! You may wish to look at the machinery regulations in the OHS Act and also it is advisable that your Safety Representative conduct a study to determine this safe space. Thanks Jessica. HI Pearl, Thanks for your question.

I would suggest you contact Andrew Todd who works at Rhodes University who will be able to assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Mboyana, Thanks for thesis your question. Unfortunately there isn't much legislation on this in South Africa but a useful website that may help you is ergokid.com Thanks Jessica. HI Sindi, Thanks for your question.

You may need to yoghurt papers, consult the National Building Regulations and also the Department of Labour which refers to example, domestic employee regulations. Thanks Jessica. Hi Monica, Thanks for my favorite your question. Please consult the list of a master thesis example, Ergonomists on the website. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Melinda, Thanks for your question.

Please consult the list of companies on our website. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Robert, Thanks for do your your question. Yes this is true. We as ESSA are working with the Department of Labour. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jemma, Thanks for your question. Please consult the National Building Regulations and SANS 10400 as this details how many toilets you need and a master thesis example how they should be allocated. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Liam, Thanks for your question. Please just keep checking our website and essays for school children we will post anything under the a master example, news section if this happens. Alternatively you may wish to speak to an Ergonomist who may be able to give you advice and thesis university of malta information. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Raeeqah, Thanks for a master your question.

It depends on a number of factors including the persons anthropometry (shape and size) and the dimensions of the chair. I would suggest you contact an Ergonomists to assist you as it is not possible to give advice without seeing the yoghurt papers, chair and the individual. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Sean, Thanks for your question. A Master Thesis Example! Please consult the Occupational Health and tamil essays for school children Safety Act, Act 85 of 1993 under the thesis example, Facilities Regulations and also the National Building Regulations, SANS 10400 which should assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Shanice, Thanks for your question. You may wish to consult the Facilities Regulations, Environmental Regulations and the General Safety Regulations.

The Department of Labour has all of these and the ACT on its website. Thanks Jessica. Hi Lucien, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you contact one of the Ergonomists listed on our website and they may be able to assist you. Essays! Alternatively you may wish to read up on literature on the Snook tables. A Master Example! Thanks Jessica. Hi Marc, Thanks for stabilizers your question. I would suggest you look into a master thesis example Ergonomics and stabilizers research papers Human Factors Journals to see what studies have been done and then possibly contact some of the universities to a master thesis example, guide you how you could pursue studying this. Research! Thanks Jessica. Hi Phathiswa, Thanks for your question.

I would suggest contacting an Ergonomist who is practicing Ergonomics who will give you the best advice. Thanks Jessica. Hi Karin, Thanks for your question. There doesn't appear to be specifications around boardrooms. You may wish to visit the a master thesis, National Building Regulations SANS 10400. Thanks Jessica. Hi Carol, Thanks for your question. Please consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act, Act 85 of 1993 which will provide, under the Environmental Regulations, the requirements for ventilation, temperature etc.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Molemisi, Thanks for your question. You may wish to contact Dr Candice Christie at Rhodes University who will be able to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Justin, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you contact the Ergonomists on the website as they may have preferable suppliers and may be able to assist you with your specific query. Thanks Jessica. HI Burt, Thanks for your question. Please refer to the OHS Act which stipulates illumination under the Environmental Regulations and gives details for a number of tasks and working environments.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Pat, Thanks for your question. This does depend on a number of factors: 1. the individual e.g age, size, shape, etc. 2. the ese, task e.g lifting, lowering 3. the duration e.g 8 hours a day 4. the frequency of picking up e.g 5 times per minute 5. the a master example, object to be picked up e.g shape, size, weight, handles present or not 6. environment e.g temperature All of these factors influence the recommended weight limit which if conditions are said to be perfect is 23kg and this weight reduces as the conditions above change. We suggest you look into the NIOSH equation for lifting however in South Africa there is my favorite hobby essay no recommendation. An ergonomics risk assessment may be of help to assist you in determining this. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Olivia, Thanks for your question. We suggest between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. This is recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Rianda, Thanks for your question. Please consult the list of Ergonomic Specialists on the ESSA website who may be able to assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Candice, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you look at the OHS Act as this stipulates that employees should be provided with 2.25 square metres of office space.

Thanks Jessica. HI Teresa, Thanks for your question. This does depend on the temperature of the room/office as if it is very cold then they may wish to keep their feet and legs warm. It is also important to ensure that the heaters are not too hot to prevent a fire risk and that ventilation is a master provided so that the room does not become stuffy which can reduce performance. My Favorite Hobby Essay! It may be necessary to determine why the employees are using the heaters and what best can be improved in the workplace to thesis, prevent this. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Tlaki, Thanks for your question.

In terms of a mouse we suggest you perhaps do some online research as this may be a personal choice, however what is hobby essay strongly recommended is a mouse pad which has a gel wrist support area that supports the carpel tunnel area rather than resting your wrist on a flat mouse pad. This will provide cushioning and a master thesis example support. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ria, Thanks for your question. You may wish to consult the National Building Regulations SANS 10400 and in particular the section which details workspaces for disabled employees. Essay Like Nephew George Maude! One would need to consider the turning circle of employees who are wheelchair bound and the extra space required for them to move around comfortably and a master thesis example safely. Thesis! Thanks, Jessica. HI Mohammed, Thanks for your question.

Unfortunately we do not have the answer for you and suggest you look at a master a website ergokid which may help you. It would however depend on the age of the child and essay a number of a master thesis example, other factors. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Mariana, Thanks for your question, Unfortunately for factories this isn't well documented. It would depend on a number of factors such as the essay nephew george maude, task, workspace, other employees, activities, etc. so we would suggest a risk assessment is done to perhaps determine this. Thanks Jessica. Hi Macdonald, Thanks for your question. There are a number of advantages of example, Ergonomics 1. Reduction in do your ese number of injuries 2. Healthier employees and thesis example healthier workplace 3. Safer equipment / processes 4. More efficient employees in like terms of performance 5. Reduced costs spent on retraining 6. Fewer accidents 7. Greater productivity for thesis example the organisation Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Anele, Thanks for your questions. We do not have specifics in terms of office etiquette and we are sure you could get this information online, however areas such as eating at your desk, noise, privacy, telephone calls etc. may be issues to look at. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Rakhi, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we cannot assist you with this question, but you may wish to consult an Engineer who may be able to advise you further.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi. Rhodes University in Grahamstown offers an ergonomics degree. Do Your Ese! You need to complete your undergrad BSc and then complete an Honours degree in Ergonomics, as well as a Masters degree in thesis example Ergonomics. Good luck. Hi Leon, Thanks for your question.

In terms of like maude, children the OHS Act does not deal with this. We suggest you look into the OHS Act with specific reference to the Environmental Regulations which details temperature and thesis ventilation but for office employees. Alternatively you may wish to visit the website ergokid as they may also assist. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ryno In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. Nephew George! However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up.

The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the a master example, task, the object to university of malta, be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the a master thesis example, object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. Thesis University! age, gender etc.) and a master thesis the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist for an ergonomic risk assessment. Hi Shaylin, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we don't have this information but you may wish to consult British Standards which do have this information and of malta also the website ergokid. Thanks Jessica. HI Kemraj, Thanks for your question. We suggest you look at SANS 10400 which details the number of toilets per the number of people.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ursula, Thanks for your question. Please refer to the OHS Act and specifically the a master example, Environmental Regulations which deals with temperatures also above 30 degrees. You may wish to also look at the Ventilation section and bear in mind employees need to be provided with 600ml of cold liquid for working in outside conditions. Thanks Jessica. Hi Tshepo, Thanks for your question. Are you referring to workspace size as in office space? If so this is regulated in of malta South Africa in the OHS Act as is 2.25 square metres per person. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Johan, Thanks for your question. We suggest contacting SAIOH as they are Occupational Hygienists who conduct lighting surveys. Thanks Jessica. Hi Annabel Thanks for a master your question. If you consult the essay nephew, Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHS Act) you will find under the Environmental Regulations that employees should be provided with 2.25 square metres of a master thesis example, office space. This space includes the chair, desk, computer and accessories.

This can be found in saterical the Environmental Regulations under Housekeeping. Thanks, ESSA. Hi Ursula, Thanks for your question. In terms of minimum space for a master example a call centre agent we do not have this information but the OHS Act suggests 2.25 square metres of office space per employee but this information doesn't elaborate as per different types of employees. Essay George! Thanks Jessica. Hi Sally, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you get a copy of the National Building Regulations which will assist you in determining the number of toilets per example the number of people. It is of malta SANS 10400.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Johan, Thanks for your question. It is recommended that you conduct an ergonomics risk assessment as there may be other contributing factors which may need to be considered such as duration, frequency, job tasks etc.. In terms of anthropometry I would suggest you look in the RSA Military Standard that you can purchase to assist you with this dimension. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Marlie, Thanks for your question. A Master Thesis! You may wish to thesis, visit the website of ergokid which will be able to assist you. Thanks Jessica. HI Clint, Thanks for thesis example your question. Regarding desk size there are no hard and fast specifics but it should be within: 71cm desk depth 65-82cm desk height 120-160cm desk width 38cm clearance under desk for knees 61cm clearance under desk for feet 51 cm under desk clearance for the width Thanks, Jessica. Hi Chyvonne Thanks for like george maude your question.

If you consult the a master example, Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHS Act) you will find under the essays, Environmental Regulations that if the average WBGT index exceeds 30 deg the a master thesis example, employer must if possible take steps to saterical essays, reduce the example, index to below 30. However, if this is not possible and where hard labour is performed the employer must 1) have employees certified fit to work in such an environment, 2) ensure the employee is acclimatised, 3) inform employee to drink water, 4) train employees in heat stroke prevention and 5) provide means for prompt first aid treatment if required. The details of the tamil children, above can be found in the Environmental Regulations under Thermal requirements (4). I hope this helps. A Master Thesis Example! Thanks, ESSA. Hi Gustav Thanks for your question. If you consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHS Act) you will find under the saterical, Environmental Regulations that employees should be provided with 2.25 square metres of office space. This space includes the chair, desk, computer and accessories.

This can be found in the Environmental Regulations under Housekeeping. Thanks, ESSA. Hi Hermien Thanks for your question. If you consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHS Act) you will find under the Environmental Regulations that employees should be provided with 2.25 square metres of office space. This space includes the chair, desk, computer and accessories. This can be found in the Environmental Regulations under Housekeeping.

Thanks, ESSA. HI Jose, Thanks for your question. The OHS Act stipulates 2.25 square metres per person in an office environment. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Amor, Thanks for example your question.

Please consult the OHS Act, with specific reference to the Environmental Regulations on temperature. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Adekunle, Thanks for your email. Apologies we look into thesis university this for thesis you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Nick, Thanks for your question. We suggest you look at SANS 10400 which are the national Building Regulations and they specifically state the number of toilets and detail parking space. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Aubrey, Thanks for your question. Each employee should be provided with 2.25 square metres of office space as per tamil essays the OHS Act. Thesis! Thanks Jessica.

HI Wisdom, Thanks for your question. There can be a number of essays, hazards such as fires, tripping, slipping, working at a master example different counter top heights, accessing tools / goods etc. Like Nephew George! Please let us know more information so we can assist you further. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Wilma, Thanks for your question.

We suggest you look into the SANS 10400 Building Regulations which makes specific reference to thesis, the number of toilets per the number of employees. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Livhu, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately the OHS Act does not specify this for different levels of management etc. but only provide a description for all employees of 2.25 square metres per person. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Francisco, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you contact subway stations in tamil children your country who may be able to assist you as unfortunately we do not have this information. The RSSB in the UK may be of help. A Master Thesis Example! Thanks Jessica. HI Reinhart, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately South African legislation isn't very clear on this.

We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is hobby essay that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to a master example, minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. The temperature should be set to 21-23°C and those who get cold should dress appropriately and essays children visa versa. I hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Lynn, Thanks for your question. Please could you provide us with more information as to what exactly your concern is?

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ray, Thanks for your question. Please consult the National Building Regulations and in particular SANS 10400 as the answer to your question is in this document. Thesis! Thanks, Jessica. Hi Annette, Thanks for do your essay your question.

This is a difficult one. I would recommend if you have a health and safety officer that they do a risk assessment and then use this to example, ask your Manager to either move you or close the air conditioner above you. The cold air can be used to indicate to your employer that you may get sick, you may not be able to do your work efficiently etc. and so the alternative must be to either move you, and if this is not possible, then to close the my favorite hobby essay, vent of this air conditioner. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Irene, Thanks for your question.

I would suggest you do some research on this as unfortunately we cannot assist you. Perhaps you could also let us know on what grounds the Inspector is not giving your creche a certificate and what regulation he/she is using as we are not sure what regulations there are that specifically address this matter. We would suggest the Inspector needs to a master, advise as to hobby essay, what regulation he/she is a master example using to my favorite essay, deny your creche a certificate. Thanks Jessica. Hi Jaco In terms of a master thesis, SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to for school, international standards you need to a master example, make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up. Essays! The weight is a master thesis dependent on a number of thesis of malta, factors: the a master thesis, task, the object to thesis, be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is a master thesis being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist for an ergonomic risk assessment. Hi Diane, Thanks for your question. University Of Malta! I would suggest you contact the Society and keep in example touch so that we can provide you with details re conferences and seminars. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Stephan, Thanks for your question. I would highly recommend you get an my favorite essay Occupational Hygienist in to measure the noise levels and this will give you proof that the noise levels are too high and how these levels will impact on your health, safety and thesis example comfort which will ultimately will impact on your performance. You can also make reference to the OHS Act and specifically to the Environmental Regulations and Noise which will be of use and further your need to remove this noise. We hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Kgopotso, Thanks for your question. If you wish to continue studying you may wish to approach Rhodes University as they do a Masters Degree in Ergonomics. Also I would suggest contacting Ergonomists in the country who may also offer you advice. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Steve, Unfortunately South Africa does not have legislation regarding the maximum weight that can be lifted and therefore it is imperative that an Ergonomics Specialist be involved to determine this limit as the NIOSH recommended weight limit (RWL) is 23kg. Stabilizers Papers! but that is a master thesis example if all the different conditions are perfect! In terms of saterical essays, lifting it is not all about the weight that is being lifted but factors such as the example, environment, individual, object etc. must also be factored into consideration. NIOSH is the most widely used of equations and even though it is an nephew maude internationally derived equation it can be used on a South African population.

That is why it is suggested that an a master example Ergonomist who understand this equation and what it means should be involved in your risk assessments. We hope this helps. Do Your Essay! Thanks, Jessica. Hi Carinus, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately South African legislation isn't very clear on this. We however use international legislation for thesis thermal comfort which may be of interest to you.

In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. The temperature should be set to 21-23°C and those who get cold should dress appropriately and saterical visa versa. I hope this helps.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Graham, Thanks for your question. A Master Thesis Example! I would suggest you contact one of our listed Consultants on tamil for school children, our website who may be able to assist you with presentations/training/lectures/courses etc. and possibly cater these to thesis example, your particular industry. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Janet, Thanks for yoghurt stabilizers research papers your question. I would suggest you familiarize yourself with the a master thesis, Occupational Health and Safety Act, with particular reference to the Facilities regulations. Another document that may also be of help is the National Building Regulations which may help you. In terms of Health Laws and stabilizers research papers Regulations you may wish to a master thesis, consult the HPCSA as they may have further information. My Favorite! Thanks, Jessica. Hi Michelle, Thanks for your question.

The OHS Act must be read in conjunction with the thesis, Regulations. There are many Regulations and some may not be applicable, however the OHS Act is essay ese applicable to every employer and employee. I would suggest you obtain a copy of these and either get your HR or your Safety Practitioner to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Boitumelo, Many thanks for your question. I would suggest you consult an Ergonomics specialist to assist you. Thanks for thesis your question. Essay Maude! Jessica. Hi Annette, Thanks for your question.

You may wish to consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act under the Environmental Regulations which specifies temperature and ventilation. However it doesn't set the recommended office temperature which we use based on international best practice. We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for a master thesis example thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. University! The temperature should be set to 21-23°C and example those who get cold should dress appropriately and visa versa. I hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Li-Alet, Thanks for your question.

If you consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHS Act) you will find under the Environmental Regulations that employees should be provided with 2.25 square metres of office space. This space includes the chair, desk, computer and accessories. This can be found in tamil for school children the Environmental Regulations under Housekeeping. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Massi, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately this information is not well documented in SA. You may wish to visit a website www.ergonomics4schools.com where you may find the answer there. It would seem unfair and the child may be disadvantaged in terms of not being able to a master, see the do your, teacher so I would suggest that the class is probably too big for the size of the room and perhaps you need to thesis, take this up with the school. We hope this helps.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ingrid, Thanks for your question. Ergonomics should be considered from the very start of any project. Reason being is you need to conduct an Ergonomics risk assessment to hobby essay, determine what are the hazards and risk likely to be and what will the employees be required to do. Example! This will determine what measures you will need to put in my favorite hobby place to ensure that the health and safety of the employees is managed. Thereafter Ergonomics should be considered then throughout the project with audits, checklists and continuous assessments being conducted to ensure the utmost safety. Ergonomics is not a quick fix or something that should be considered after the fact. Feel free to contact any of our Ergonomists on our website who will be able to assist you should you need.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Anita, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we do not supply safety steps, but perhaps you may wish to consult either one of our ergonomists or perhaps contact one of the Safety organisations in a master thesis example South Africa. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Busi, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you contact one of the Ergonomists listed on our website who will be able to assist you with a list of suppliers. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Matome, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we cannot assist as we are an essays Ergonomics Society and example do no specialize in window cleaning etc. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jacque, Thanks for like nephew your question. It does depend on what the activities are, how much space is there, how many people are required to a master thesis example, work in this space etc. One would need to thesis university of malta, make sure that employees do not become injured, hurt or their performance compromised due to a lack of a master example, space. I would suggest you consult one of our Ergonomists listed on our website.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Rimelda, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you consult the OHS Act as there are Environmental regulations which stipulate regulations for ventilation. This includes windows and air supply through mechanical means e.g. air conditioners. Employees need to be provided with either fresh air or the my favorite, air supply should be provided by other means but there needs to be a supply of circulating air. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Thelma, Thanks for your question. You would need to contact the Ergonomists listed on our website as they may differ depending on what is required. A Master! Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Anusha, Thanks for essays your question. Yes the 2.25 square metres includes the entire space per person which includes his/her desk, computer, chair and accessories. In addition to the space required to move around. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Carmen, Thanks for your question. It does depend on a number of thesis, factors e.g. activities, number of people, space etc.

For office work it is recommended to be 2.25 square metres so it will depend on essay like maude, the above factors for a factory. The best would be to consult an Ergonomist for assistance. A Master Thesis Example! A list of names and companies are on our website. Do Your Ese! Thanks, Jessica. Hi Brynt, Thanks for your question. You are welcome to contact one of our Ergonomists listed on our website who will be able to give you names of recommended Ergonomic chair suppliers and Ergonomic specifications for office layout (desk, chair and a master computers).

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Andrew, Thanks for your email. Please contact Dr Candice Christie, the HOD of the Department of Human Kinetics and thesis university Ergonomics as Rhodes University. Currently only Rhodes is the university that offers a formal degree in Ergonomics. Her email is: [email protected] Thanks, Jessica. Hi Sankia, Thanks for example your question.

There are a number of documents available, namely on the Health and Safety Executive website and under other international heath and safety websites. However I would suggest contacting an Ergonomist in South Africa (a list of thesis of malta, names/companies are on our website) who should be able to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. HI Vijay, Thanks for your question. I would suggest that you contact an Ergonomist who will work together with the Occupational Health Practitioner.

There are a number of tools/techniques available and it is best that an a master example expert advise as to do your ese, which of these you should use e.g NIOSH Lifting equation etc. Feel free to contact an expert Ergonomist on our website. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Annelise, You may wish to consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act of South Africa and under the environmental regulations you can read up about cold temperature and hot temperatures. I would also suggest you look at redesigning your workplace and perhaps look at closing the door or moving employees so that they are not in a master example the cold wind.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Elsa, Thanks for your question. You can check up Cecil Nurse or you can also look at Herman Miller chairs. Thanks., Jessica. Hi Ellouisa Thanks for your question.

In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in stabilizers research determining the recommended weight to a master example, be picked up. The weight is saterical essays dependent on a number of example, factors: the task, the object to essays for school, be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the thesis, shape and size of the object, the my favorite essay, individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. A Master Thesis! Consult the NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist for an ergonomic risk assessment. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Musa, Thanks for your question. The chair may be cheap quality or it may be that the chair is old. There are a number of factors, including ones weight which can result in chair deterioration, however you need to buy a genuine ergonomic chair and these are relatively expensive. Are you moving your chair over thesis a carpet? If so you may need a chair mat to a master thesis, assist with movement of the chair and this could help you.

I would suggest you go on the Health and Safety Executive website for guidelines for an ergonomic chair. However it must be sturdy and most chairs recommend a certain weight that they can support so also look out for do your ese this. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Mpho, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately there is no legislation regarding this in example South Africa, pertaining to school children. The OHS Act states 2.25 m2 per person in an office environment but it doesn't mention schools. Essay! Thanks, Jessica. Hi Khetelani, Thanks for your question. Ergonomics aims to ensure workplaces are healthy and safe by ensuring employees are considered in the design of tools, equipment and work environments.

It can be applied in any workplace. You can visit our website for more detail and if you need an Ergonomist consult our list of example, specialists who would do Ergonomic risk assessments. Essay! Thanks Jessica. Hi Jatheen, You would need to ensure a number of a master example, factors are not compromised with the increase in personnel in the available space: 1. More people, the hotter the workplace so ensure a comfortable temperature is maintained and like george there is a constant supply of fresh air. 2. Noise increases so there may be a need to thesis, develop a policy to ensure privacy is maintained and people are not distracted. 3. Space. Yoghurt! Employees according to a master, the OHS Act need 2.25m2 of saterical, space so this should still be maintained. You may wish to consult your employer and bring these factors to their attention. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Leigh, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you consult the OHS Act and a master thesis example look at the Environmental regulations under temperature.

Also your office should have a temperature of between 21-23 Degrees Celsius. Thanks Jessica. HI Paul, The 2.25 m2 is the floor area in terms of space. You can consult the OHS Act under the essays, Environmental Regulations. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Theledi, Thanks for your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up, carried, pushed and pulled. The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the task, the thesis, object to be lifted, where the like, object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, frequency, duration, the shape and size of the a master thesis, object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above.

Consult the NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist. Thanks Jessica. Hi Hanna, I would suggest you look at my favorite the OHS Act under the Environmental Regulations and Facilities Regulations. These may be of help to you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Piet, Thanks for a master thesis your question. In terms of essays for school, SA legislation this is not prescribed.

However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to a master thesis example, be picked up, carried, pushed and papers pulled. The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the a master thesis, task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. Essays Children! age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is a master thesis therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist. Thanks Jessica. Hi Jamie, Sitting all day and standing all day can be equally dangerous. In order to best assist you it is suggested the employee concerned go for a medical check as part of fitness for duty and essays for school children medical surveillance. If the Doctor determines due to health reasons the employee needs to sit then this will assist you. A Master Example! For the yoghurt research papers, other employees I would suggest an Ergonomics risk assessment to determine if they should be provided with chairs or sit/stand chairs as standing all day can result in health complications and impact on employees performance. Thanks Jessica. Hi Bev, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately South African legislation isn't very clear on this.

We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to a master thesis example, minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and essays outdoors. A Master Example! The temperature should be set to 21-23°C and do your those who get cold should dress appropriately and visa versa. However in terms of hospitals they may have their own requirements given the a master thesis example, spread of bacteria and diseases and the need to my favorite hobby, keep certain medication and equipment under certain temperatures so you may need to investigate this. I hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jeanine, Thanks for your question. You can consult the OHS Act and under the thesis example, following you will have references for Ergonomics: 1. Construction regulations e.g ergonomic design 2. Facilities regulation e.g. ergonomic chair Also the thesis, COID Act: 1. A Master! Makes reference to tamil children, work related upper limb disorders If you have something specific let me know.

Thanks Jessica. HI Pierre, Thanks for your question. You may wish to consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act of South Africa and refer in a master thesis example that to the Environmental regulations. It is detailed the requirements for noise, lighting and temperature. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Warren, Thanks for university your question.

To be a registered Ergonomist according to the International Ergonomics Association (IEA) one has to have a Masters Degree in Ergonomics or a related field. Thanks, Jessica. Hi James, Thanks for your question. Thanks for your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up, carried, pushed and thesis example pulled. The weight is ese dependent on a number of factors: the a master thesis, task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the saterical, shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above.

Consult the NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist. Thanks Jessica. HI Francois, Thanks for your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to example, international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up, carried, pushed and pulled. The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the like nephew maude, task, the object to be lifted, where the thesis, object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the saterical essays, shape and size of the object, the example, individual (e.g. My Favorite! age, gender etc.) and a master the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist. Essay Maude! Thanks Jessica. Hi Adel, Thanks for your question.

In terms of a master thesis example, SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up. The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the task, the saterical, object to a master thesis, be lifted, where the object is saterical being lifted from, where the thesis example, object is being lifted to, the shape and research size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is thesis therefore not so easy just to stabilizers research papers, say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Nkululeko, Thanks for your question. A Master Thesis Example! In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed.

However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the do your ese, recommended weight to be picked up, carried, pushed and a master thesis example pulled. The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the thesis university, object, the a master example, individual (e.g. Essays! age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist. Thanks Jessica. Hi Litha, Thanks for your question. I would suggest consulting someone in the Construction Industry as we are not in a position to assist with this.

Thanks. Jessica. Hi Lisa, hanks for your question. We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to thesis, 28 Celsius and in winter the thesis, temperature should range between 20 Celsius to a master example, 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in for school children the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors.

The temperature should be set to 21-23°C and those who get cold should dress appropriately and visa versa. I hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Debra, Unfortunately there is no legislation regarding this in South Africa, however what could assist in thesis answering your question is that the desk height, i.e working height is usually sitting elbow height. You may wish to thesis university, try and find anthropometric data (probably in the UK) which looks at the anthropometrics (body shapes and sizes) and this data could give you sitting elbow height for the age groups you are interested in. You could use the British and European Standard which looks at chairs and tables for educational institutions. It is not free so you may need to thesis, purchase it or try and do your essay find a free copy. The reference is BS EN 1729 Chair and a master Table Guide.

Let us know how you get on. Thanks, Jessica. HI Noko, Please refer to the OHS Act and under the regulations pertaining to Facilities. Each employee should be provided with 2.25 square metres of space. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Nkosi, Thanks for your question. Please refer to the main page of the tamil, website.

In essence it is to grow awareness of Ergonomics within South Africa through presentations, workshops etc. Thanks, Jessica. Hi, Please could you expand on a master example, your question. Many thanks, Jessica. Hi Could you please expand on your question? Many thanks, Jessica. Hi Leonie, Thanks for tamil for school children your question. Unfortunately there is no legislation regarding this in South Africa, however what could assist in answering your question is that the desk height, i.e working height is usually sitting elbow height. You may wish to try and find anthropometric data (probably in a master the UK) which looks at the anthropometrics (body shapes and sizes) and this data could give you sitting elbow height for the age groups you are interested in. You could use the British and European Standard which looks at chairs and essays tables for educational institutions. It is not free so you may need to purchase it or try and find a free copy.

The reference is BS EN 1729 Chair and a master thesis Table Guide. As there is no legislation it may be that there is no enforcement. Health risks for sitting at a too high desk can result in do your essay muscular, neural and skeletal injuries to children. It can also cause pain and example tension which then may impact on the child's ability to learn if they are working in an uncomfortable work environment. This can impact on a child's mental and physical development. Essay! Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jason, Thanks for your question. It is stated in the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) in the Environmental Regulations that each employee in a master thesis example an open plan environment should be provided with 2.25 square metres of space. Thanks, Jessica.

HI David, Thanks for your question. It is difficult as the Occupational Health and Safety Act states that employees should be provided with an Ergonomic chair, however this is not well defined as to saterical, what exactly this is. It is not a good posture that this employee is adopting and especially using a laptop will result in slouching, lower back being unsupported and tension in the neck and shoulder area. Overtime this could result in musculoskeletal problems. A Master Example! The employee should be discouraged from working in such a poor posture, but whether you can force the employee to essay, not work like this is debatable. You may need to implement some Ergonomic training and awareness so that this employee can be educated on the impact of sitting like this can have on a master thesis example, her body and what damage can be caused. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Sabelo, Thanks for your question. It is stated in the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) in the Environmental Regulations that each employee in an open plan environment should be provided with 2.25 square metres of my favorite hobby, space. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Dr Zodwa, Thanks for your question. Please consult the list of a master thesis, companies on the ESSA website for consultants / companies who can assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Livingstone, Thanks for your question. It is saterical not so easy to answer your question, but in terms of how much space each person should be provided with you can consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) with specific reference to the Environmental Regulations that each employee in an open plan environment should be provided with 2.25 square metres of space. The space between your desk and a wall should allow you enough movement to swivel your chair and to walk between without causing any unnecessary harm to a master, you.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Linelle, Thanks for your question. You may wish to consult some of the Ergonomists as ESSA does not know where these can be purchased. Do let us know if you are successful. Thanks Jessica. Hi Yashmeen, Many thanks for your question. I think you would need to contact the relevant experts out there in order to validate your question. Essay Ese! As ESSA we cannot answer this question, but I am sure Ergonomics advice is essential in order for chairs to be classified as Ergonomic.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Tegan, Thanks for your question. In the OHS Act it is stated that employees working in an open plan environment require 2.25 square metres of space. Many thanks, Jessica. Hi Petrus, Thanks for your question.

You may wish to consult the RSA Military Standard on Anthropometrics data, however this is taken from a military population, but is the a master thesis, only information for anthropometrical data for South Africans. Thanks Jessica. Hi Jenine, Thanks for your question. It does depend on how proactive your company is terms of health and safety. We suggest that you request for an Ergonomics Assessment to be done and that together with your Doctors suggestion it would help to identify exactly what poor ergonomic features may be contributing to your tendinitis. A recommendation from this would be the tamil essays for school, mouse and there may be other factors that could be adjusted / suggested to improve your condition e.g. stretching exercises etc. A Master Thesis Example! In terms of payment you may wish to work through your HR department of essay, your Manager who has a duty to provide employees with a healthy and thesis example safe work place and therefore ergonomics falls into like nephew maude this. You may find that nobody understands Ergonomics and the costs of example, a poor work station on employee health and essays for school safety and the costs implications for the company. This information may be useful to your Manager.

In terms of Compensation you could also investigate the Compensation Commissioner who looks at work related upper limb disorders i.e. your condition and compensates for these types of injuries ONLY IF there is proof that your course of work was the cause. Thesis! again the yoghurt stabilizers research, importance of having first and foremost an a master ergonomics work place assessment. Thanks Jessica. Hi Morne, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately the OHS ACT stipulates work space for people who work in essay like george an open plan office and states one should be provided with 2.25 square metres of space. However in terms of a meeting room there is no specifics and nothing is specified for space in terms of holding a meeting. You may suggest that the tight space may not be conducive to example, people paying attention, may impact on people being distracted and may defeat the purpose of people actually taking in any of the important information. Thanks Jessica. Hi Pikez, Thanks for your question. Tamil For School Children! In terms of example, your question, you may wish to stabilizers, consult your HR Department as well as a Labour Lawyer as leave should have been granted especially given that you have suffered as a result of no breaks, resting etc.

You can also make reference to the Basic Conditions of Employment Act. Your doctor could also prescribe a note to a master example, suggest that you be booked off as sick leave given your conditions. It is imperative that people take their leave and hobby that their employer recognizes that leave is important to ensure the a master, safety and health of their staff. Working for too long without a proper rest break can impact on saterical essays, your performance, safety, health and obviously lead to a master, stress and burnout. Essay Like George! We hope this helps. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Clinton, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately there is example very little legislation regarding maximum temperatures in South Africa. The OHS Act mainly makes reference to the thermal requirements for cold temperatures but for hot temperatures the following is stipulated: -if the saterical essays, WBGT index increases to above 30 the employer shall take steps to example, reduce it to below 30 or -if it is do your essay not possible to reduce the temperature to then have employees who if are performing hard manual labour, be certified fit to work in these conditions, - ensure every employee is thesis example acclimatised to work in such conditions, -inform employees to partake in 600ml of water every hour, -train employees in the precautions to take to avoid heatstroke, and -provide first aid for hobby employees wth heatstroke We however use international legislation for a master example thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. Of Malta! In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort in an office is that the temperature be held constant in a master example the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. For people who find 21-23°C too cold, they should dress appropriately and visa verse for saterical those who find it too hot. When temperatures get very warm we would suggest that in order to remain alert and to example, concentrate effectively that the temperatures be reduced to the above. I hope this helps.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Balan, Thanks for your question. You may wish to consult the National Building Regulations which specify the number of toilets, however I am not sure whether they mention schools specifically. The code is the SANS 10400. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Matthew, Thanks for your question. With regards to the weight etc. you may wish to familiarize yourself with the NIOSH Lifting equation, as the weight of an object to my favorite hobby, be lifted is thesis example dependent on a number of factors of which include: distance lifted or carried, height to be lifted to, load characteristics, individual factors, environmental factors and task factors. Essays Children! All of these can change the maximum permissible weight of an object. A bag of cement may appear to look easy but it places a large amount of thesis example, strain on the skeletal, muscular and physiological system of essays, a person and caution should be given to a master thesis, using this example as an acceptable measure. Essay! Thanks Jessica. Hi Jerry, Thanks for your question. In order to be an example Ergonomist you need to have a Masters Degree in Ergonomics or a related field. You may wish to do your essay ese, contact Andrew Todd who is a lecturer at Rhodes University for further information. Thanks Jessica. Hi Clinton, Thanks for your question.

Please could you be slightly more specific in example terms of what you are referring to? In terms of space in an open plan office, the Occupational Health and Safety Act states that each person should be provided with 2.25 square metres of space. Hope this helps. Jessica. Hi Thembi, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we do not know of any suppliers in South Africa who manufacture ergonomic mattresses so you may wish to consult an Occupational Therapist who may be able to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Shivani, Thanks for your question. Room temperature is an ergonomic issue as ergonomics is about designing workplaces to suit peoples capabilities and limitations.

Therefore temperature is important as too hot or too cold climates, work environments and rooms can impact on a person not only physiological but also psychologically on stabilizers papers, peoples performance. If you imagine working in an environment where it is too hot, it can cause you to become fatigued, drowsy and can cause you to lose concentration, become distracted resulting in possible risks for injuries and accidents. Temperature also impacts on the physiological system in our bodies such as heart rate and your ability to lose heat through sweating. If the temperature is too hot you need to sweat to cool down but if the temperature exceeds your bodies ability to cope it can cause heat stroke and a master thesis example heat exhaustion which can be very serious. Similarly too cold temperatures can impact on thesis of malta, your ability to work safely, grasp tools and perform work safely.

Inside your body, the too cold temperatures in a master a workplace can cause you to get hypothermia and this can be fatal. Hope we have helped. Thesis Of Malta! Thanks Jessica. Hi Rita, Thanks for your question. A Master Example! You may wish to make reference to the Environmental Regulations where it is detailed about lighting. It is detailed and also gives recommendations for lux (lighting measurement) levels for different workplaces and you can refer to office spaces. Please bear in mind that for lighting, it is not only the levels i.e. lux measurement but cognizance should be given to the effects of lighting on employees performance which is where Ergonomics comes in, as bright overhead florescent lights can result in glare on paper and computers and can result in eye fatigue and eye strain.

It is always advisable that offices should have Ergonomic assessments which will assist in essay investigating the positioning of employees workplaces and example lighting sources e.g lights, windows etc. Please see the regulations for more detail. Thanks Jessica. HI Amanda, Thanks for your email. University! Have you consulted the Building Regulations SABS 10400 which provide information on this or the OHS Act? Thanks Jessica. Hi Amanda, Thanks for your question. We are not sure, but will try and investigate for you and a master thesis example get back to you. My Favorite Essay! You may wish to also look at the National Building Regulations standard, SANS 10400 in the meantime. Thanks Jessica. Hi Shaneen, Good to hear you are interested in Ergonomics.

Yes there is definitely scope for a linkage between Ergonomists and Industrial Psychologists and they should be able to example, work in a team. However, in order to practice as an Ergonomist the saterical, International Ergonomics Association states that one should have their Masters Degree in Ergonomics and that if one is from a related field, i.e. Industrial Psychological there would need to be evidence of Ergonomics work etc. To start I would suggest you become a member of ESSA, our society so that you can be kept in thesis example the loop of Ergonomics work and attend any conferences etc. You may also wish to investigate the companies listed on our website who you may wish to have chats to in order to pursue your career in Ergonomics. Thanks Jessica. Hi Charmaine, Thanks for your question. In order to be an Ergonomist it is recommended by the International Ergonomics Association that you have at least a Masters degree in essay Ergonomics or related field. If one is from a related field it would be necessary to thesis example, go through the certification process (which ESSA is busy setting up) and would need to provide evidence of hobby essay, Ergonomics work etc.

You may wish to example, contact Andrew Todd, our chairman and lecturer at Rhodes University. University! Thanks Jessica. Hi Lucien, Thanks for your question. Thesis Example! In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. Hobby! However when we refer to international standards you need to a master, make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up, carried, pushed and pulled.

The weight is dependent on a number of ese, factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and a master size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information. Thanks Jessica. Hi TJ, Thanks for your question. Thesis University Of Malta! Yes you are right there is unfortunately no legislation regarding this in South Africa.

Perhaps you can contact the Department of a master thesis example, Education or research international legislation. All the OHS Act states regarding space for office employees is 2.25 square metres of space for open plan areas so it doesn't mention children. Let us know how you get on. Thanks Jessica. Hi Kristina, Thanks for your question. Tamil! The consultants and companies listed on our website will be able to assist you with regards to training courses. Email them and ask them what courses they do or if you need something specific that they can develop for you. A Master! Thanks, Jessica. Hi Dave, Thanks for your question. It is hobby essay legal to ensure employers provide their employees with a healthy and a master thesis example safe workplace, which is like nephew george maude what Ergonomics is a master about.

Therefore you should depending on yoghurt, your type of factory ensure ergonomic assessments are done to determine any ergonomic hazards and thesis example their risks to prevent accidents and injuries in the workplace. You may wish to refer to the Occupational Health and Safety Act for reference. Thanks Jessica. Hi Z Thanks for saterical your question. You may need to refer to a master thesis, a labour lawyer to investigate whether you have a claim and then you will need to have an Ergonomics risk assessment done in order to prove that your chair or workstation or workplace was in fact the cause. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Robin, Thanks for saterical your question. Thesis Example! You need to make reference to the Occupational Health and Safety Act, and specifically at the Facilities Regulations which clearly state that employers must provide employees with change room facilities, sanitation, facilities for safe keeping etc. Essays! You may wish to a master example, bring this to your Managements attention and that it is their duty to for school, provide employees with a healthy and safe workplace which is essential in the chemical industry. A Master Thesis Example! You may also wish to consult the tamil children, National Building Regulations standard, SANS 10400. A Master Thesis Example! Good luck, Jessica.

HI Nicolette, Thanks for your question. You can make reference to saterical, the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Marlyn, Thanks for your question. The Occupational Health and thesis example Safety Act stipulates under the Environmental Regulations that employees working in an indoor workplace be provided with 2.25 square metres of open floor space. You may wish to like george, refer to these regulations and specifically under Housekeeping. A Master! The number of people will also impact on ventilation and noise so these factors must also be considered. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Jandre, Thanks for your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to do your essay, make reference to a master thesis example, the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up. The weight is university of malta dependent on a number of factors: the task, the object to a master thesis example, be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information. Stabilizers Research! Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Sagie, Thanks for your very interesting question. A Master Thesis Example! I would suggest you contact the Department of Education to see if they have any specific regulations. Otherwise you or your school may need to conduct a risk assessment before any changes are made to determine whether the changes will be beneficial or not. Thanks Jessica. Hi Livingstone, Thanks for your question. According to the OHS Act, under the Environmental Regulations, it states that employers should be provided with 2.2.5m2 of space. Thanks Jessica. Hi Lerato, Thanks for my favorite hobby essay your question.

Things you will need to check with the OHS Act for are: -ventilation -temperature -lighting -noise -seating -workspace You can also refer to the SABS 10400 for the National Building Regulations to determine the size of buildings, windows and the number of toilets etc. A Master! Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ravin, Thanks for your question. Please consult the National Building Regulations which is now the SABS 0400 standard and they will explain in detail for you how many toilets you will need. Stabilizers Papers! You can also make reference to the OHS ACT and specifically the Facilities Regulations. Thanks Jessica. Hi Paul, Thanks for a master thesis your question.

Unfortunately there is very little legislation regarding maximum temperatures in South Africa. The OHS Act mainly makes reference to the thermal requirements for my favorite hobby cold temperatures but for hot temperatures the following is thesis example stipulated: -if the WBGT index increases to above 30 the employer shall take steps to reduce it to below 30 or -if it is not possible to reduce the temperature to then have employees who if are performing hard manual labour, be certified fit to work in these conditions, - ensure every employee is acclimatised to work in such conditions, -inform employees to partake in 600ml of water every hour, -train employees in the precautions to take to avoid heatstroke, and -provide first aid for employees wth heatstroke We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the essays, temperature should range between 20 Celsius to a master thesis example, 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for tamil for school children thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in a master thesis example the range of 21-23°C. University! In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to thesis, keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. Do Your Essay Ese! For people who find 21-23°C too cold, they should dress appropriately and visa versa for those who find it too hot. When temperatures get very warm we would suggest that in order to remain alert and to concentrate effectively that the temperatures be reduced to the above. I hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Nad, Thanks for your question. You may wish to refer to the OHS ACT, and more specifically to the Environmental Regulations. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Terance, Thanks for your question. You may wish to refer to the Occupational Health and Safety Act, under the Environmental Regulations where they mention temperatures exceeding 30degrees, but this is a master more for people who perform hard manual labour. I would suggest seeing if the Department of Education has anything or perhaps the Medical Fraternity as schooling is not detailed in the OHS Act. Saterical! Thanks Jessica. Hi Thandi, Please refer to our website for a list of people who may assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Estelle, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately this is not specified in the OHS Act.

Perhaps you may wish to have a risk assessment conducted to determine the safety requirements (if any) for your suggestion / query. Thanks Jessica. Hi Melanie, Thanks for your question. You may wish to a master thesis, make reference to the OHS ACT, under the Environmental Regulations where they discuss thermal requirements. It is stipulated that: -no employer shall permit an employee to work in an enviornment in which the time-weighted average dry bulb temperature, taken over period of 4 hours is less than 6degrees celcius, UNLESS the employer takes reasonable steps to protect the employee against cold and to ensure their safety. Essays For School Children! - no employer shall require or permit an employee to work in thesis an refrigerated enviornment in which the actual dry-bulb temperature is below 0 degree unless. then there are stipulations. So I suggest that you read these regulations as there is quite a bit of detail. You can find it on www.actsonline.co.za or on saterical, the www.dol.gov.za website. Thanks Jessica. HI Tracy, Thanks for your question. I suggest you (and your boss) read the Occupational Health and Safety ACT and make reference to the following regulation: Enviornmental Regulations: Here is detailed requirements about temperature, ventilation, windoes, lighting and housekeeping.

You have a right to thesis example, a safe work enviornment and legally your employer should provide you with a healthy and safe workplace. Your employer is legally obligated to this ACT and stabilizers research its regulations and thesis must see to it that you health and safety is not at danger. He/She will then need to essay, ensure a risk assessment is done to determine the hazards and what risks they pose for you and his/her company. You can get this act and the regulations on the Department of Labour website and www.acts.co.za or www.actsonline.co.za Good luck and example we hope this is essay resolved for you. A Master! Jessica. Hi Annette, Thanks for your question. We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to research papers, you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius.

A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. The temperature should be set to 21-23°C and those who get cold should dress appropriately and visa versa. I hope this helps. Jessica. Hi Olga, Thanks for your question. We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for a master thesis thermal comfort is that the tamil essays for school children, temperature be held constant in the range of example, 21-23°C.

In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. Tamil Essays For School Children! The temperature should be set to 21-23°C and a master thesis those who get cold should dress appropriately and visa versa. I hope this helps. Jessica. Hi Sharon, Thanks for your question. You need to like nephew, refer to a master example, the OHS Act under the Facilities regulations where you will find a section on seating. This will assist you with your question. Thesis University Of Malta! Thanks, Jessica. Hi Linel, Thanks for your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to a master, international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in do your determining the recommended weight to be picked up.

The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the a master thesis example, object, the essay nephew, individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to thesis example, say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the essay, NIOSH equation for further information. A Master Thesis Example! Thanks, Jessica. Hi Andiswa, You need to consult the OHS Act under the General Safety Regulations where you will find the section on my favorite essay, Working at Heights as well as the Construction Regulations. Thanks Jessica. Hi Ruandi, Thanks for your question. The Occupational Health and Safety Act stipulates in the Environmental Regulations under Housekeeping the following (they do not specify per example industry): An employer shall with the exclusion of workplaces where building work is performed, make at least 2.25 square metres of effective open floor area available for essay every employee working in an indoor workplace; make available and maintain an unimpeded workspace for every employee . and so on. Unfortunately it does not stipulate specific job types or work environments. I hope this helps.

You can go onto www.acts.co.za to read a copy of the Environmental Regulations. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Mia, Thanks for your question. Have you tried Medsport? Fellowes? Let us know. Jessica. Hi Ian, The OHS ACT stipulates that where temperatures exceed 30 (WBGT) determined over a period of one hour, the employer must take the following steps: 1. Reduce the WBGT to below 30; or 2. Where it is not practicable to a master thesis, reduce the temperature to below 30 and where hard manual labour is performed, have every employee beforehand and saterical thereafter certified fit to thesis example, work in such an environment. so i.e the annual medical; 3. Ensure every employee is acclimatised to work in such an environment before he / she is permitted to work in thesis of malta such an environment; 4. Every employee must be informed to drink 600ml of cold liquid every hour; 5. Train employees in the precautions to avoid heatstroke; 6. Provide prompt first aid to employees for heatstroke. Example! So unfortunately the ACT does not state that employee’s activities should be suspended.

Should this be an issue, I suggest you have an Ergonomics Assessment conducted of your factory and then this will provide recommendations e.g. installing cooling systems etc. Do Your Ese! Thanks Jessica. Hi Andre, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you contact your HR department or a Labour Lawyer as we are not in a position to assist you. Apologies. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Taarik, Thanks for thesis your question. Thanks for your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation / formula which assists you in determining the recommended weight to do your essay, be picked up. A Master Thesis! The weight is dependent on do your ese, a number of factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the thesis example, object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and yoghurt research papers size of the example, object, the individual (e.g. Tamil Essays! age, gender etc.) and a master thesis example the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Busi, Thanks for your question.

I suggest you contact Recruitment companies such as Career Junction, PNet etc. who can assist you as we do not do recruitment. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Lunga, Thanks for your question. Yes anyone is able to join ESSA. Go onto our membership section and essay like george maude complete the forms and submit to us. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Virginia, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately there is very little legislation regarding maximum temperatures in South Africa. We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to thesis example, you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius.

A general recommendation for essay like george maude thermal comfort is a master example that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the research papers, temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. For people who find 21-23°C too cold, they should dress appropriately and visa versa for those who find it too hot. 35°C is very warm and we would suggest that in order to remain alert and to concentrate effectively that the temperatures be reduced to the above. I hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Melanie, Thanks for a master example your question. Unfortunately we are not in a position to assist you but we cannot understand how you are able to continue to do your work without the necassary tools. You may wish to contact your HR or a Labour lawyer. We hope you are able resolve this.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Madubaduba, Thanks for yoghurt stabilizers your question. You can contact the Ergonomists on our website for advice as to who they can recommend regarding a sound ergonomic chair for you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Robert, Thanks for your question. You may wish to consult the OHS Act, the National Building Regulations (SABS 10400) and perhaps an example environmental regualtion with regards to possible hygiene issues. George! Thanks Jessica. Hi Jabu, Thanks for your question. Thanks for your question. Thesis Example! In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed.

However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up. The weight is dependent on a number of stabilizers papers, factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the a master thesis example, individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Vicky, Thanks for your question. As I am sure you have read in the previous questions, there is unfortunately no legislation regarding optimal temperatures.

I would suggest that either the air conditioning system be investigated to see whether it is faulty as 22 degrees should not be freezing. In terms of the windows the only answer we can give is that the OHS Act stipulates provision of yoghurt stabilizers research, ventilation either naturally or mechanically i.e. an air conditioner. So long as the carbon dioxide levels are healthy and the air breathed in is healthy. Perhaps in this difficult situation you could consult your HR, Safety Reps and perhaps see if other employees are complaining and send a letter to your Managers requesting them to either attend to example, the air con system or review the window issue. Let us know how you get on.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Vida, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately there is do your essay very little legislation regarding maximum temperatures in South Africa and more importantly for laboratories. We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the a master thesis, temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. Nephew George Maude! In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. For people who find 21-23°C too cold, they should dress appropriately and visa versa for those who find it too hot. 30°C is very warm and a master we would suggest that in order to remain alert and to concentrate effectively that the children, temperatures be reduced to the above.

I am sure that this temperature may also be too warm for the type of work and that if you work with chemicals etc. that there must be some form of legislation regarding temperatures for these chemicals / medicines etc? I hope this helps. Thanks Jessica. Hi Ntando, Thanks for your question. You could perhaps contact Andrew Todd who is a lecturer at Rhodes University regarding furthering your studies. Also in terms of work opportunities perhaps contact the companies listed on example, our website to see what they can suggest. Keep us posted and ese all the best. Jessica. Hello Andrew, Thanks for your question. Example! You may wish to have a look at our website where you can then see a list of Ergonomic providers who I am sure will assist you. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Vanessa, Unfortunately we do not endorse any service providers. You may wish to university, consult an Ergonomist who can put you in the right direction. On our website are a list of Consultancies. Thesis Example! Thanks Jessica. Hello, Thanks for your question.

Unfortunately the only university offering a full course in tamil children Ergonomics is Rhodes University. There are no part time courses that you can take and to be a practising Ergonomist you will need your Masters Degree in Ergonomics or a related field. Thanks, Jessica. Hi David, Thanks for a master thesis example your question. Unfortunately there is very little legislation regarding maximum temperatures in South Africa and more importantly for classrooms.

We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which you may be of my favorite hobby, interest to you. Example! In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is do your essay ese advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. For people who find 21-23°C too cold, they should dress appropiately and visa versa for those who find it too hot. I hope this helps. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Ivy, Thanks for your question. Yes thermal comfort does change especially when a room has a number of people in it and it tends to become stuffy. Unfortunately there is not much legislation in South Africa on thesis, thermal comfort and you may wish to consult the OHS Act and namely the yoghurt stabilizers research, Environmental Regulations which deal with ventilation. However, based on international recommendations, in summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the a master, temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. Thesis University Of Malta! A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the thesis example, temperature be held constant in the range of thesis university of malta, 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the thesis example, temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. Unfortunately this is not legislated as detailed as above in SA legislation and we use the Canadian Legislation for yoghurt stabilizers research thermal comfort.

You may also want to visit the National Building Regualtions (SABS 0400) and see what they say regarding population density and a master example ventilation. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Bodo, Unfortunately you may need to seek other advice as we would not be able to answer this. As far as we know there is no 'legislation' regarding this and it may be a company policy. Yoghurt Stabilizers! You may wish to consult a labour broker or a Union representative to assist you in your request to remain in an individual office.

Apologies but this is dependant on the company you work for and what their reasons are for this. Thanks Jessica. Hello, Thanks for your question. The Occupational Health and Safety Act stipulates in the Environmental Regulations under Housekeeping the following (they do not specify per a master industry): An employer shall with the exclusion of workplaces where building work is performed, make at least 2.25 square metres of effective open floor area available for saterical every employee working in an indoor workplace; make available and maintain an a master example unimpeded workspace for essays every employee . and so on. Unfortunately it does not stipulate specific job types or work environments.

I hope this helps. You can go onto www.acts.co.za to thesis, read a copy of the Environmental Regulations. Tamil Essays Children! Thanks, Jessica. Hi Andy, Thanks for your question. A Master Thesis! It is not an easy one to answer as it does depend on your day-to-day activities. If you look at the Basic Conditions of Employment Act (BCEA), it also doesn’t answer your question but only makes mention of meal breaks. It states that meals breaks should be taken after 5 hours continuous work and should be 1 hour in length or 30 minutes by agreement. However this also doesn’t mean you have to essay, take your meal break only after 5 hours.

I would suggest you either need to factor in thesis example a break between your appointments which I know time is money but if you are on do your essay ese, the go and feeling tired then perhaps you may need to schedule in breaks. If you start at 8am you probably shouldn’t need a break at 9.30 but more at say 10am for 15-20mins and then lunch (30- 45mins, depending on how many hours your are required to work) and perhaps a small break in the afternoon again. You and your employer will need to negotiate this and somehow look at either not scheduling clients during your 15min breaks or alternating between you and a master other stuff when breaks are taken. It also depends on the intensity of your work, the amount of physical and mental effort required to do your job, the number of days you work in a week, the number of hours you work in a day etc. I hope this helps, but I do suggest you and your Manager discuss this in more detail to hopefully reach a decision. Do Your! Thanks, Jessica. Hi, Thanks for your question. Cape Town is the city where Parliament is.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Francois, Unfortunately we are not in the position to answer this as it is a master thesis dependant on the following: Size of the hobby, desks? Will there be other equipment in the room e.g. Thesis! book shelves etc.? Will there need to be space for activities such as reading, playing etc? What age group are the children? This will determine thier anthropometrics and how much space they will need. Should you have the extra information you will then need to do a risk assessment to be able to answer your question. You may wish to consult the Department of Education and see how they calculate this (if they do) in terms of the my favorite hobby essay, number of thesis example, pupils in stabilizers a class. Thesis Example! Let us know how we can assist further. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Nick, Thanks for your question. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to my favorite hobby, 25.5 Celsius. A Master Example! A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in university of malta the range of a master thesis, 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. For employees who find 21-23°C too cold, they should dress appropiately and visa versa for those who find it too hot. Thanks, Jessica. Hi William, It would depend on how 'suitable' the chair was in the first place. To answer your question an ergonomics risk assessment would need to be done in order to determine whether the chair provided by the employer was actually suitable and then to determine if the chair supplied by the employee was also suitable. Only after this has been done can you determine who is protected. Any injury on duty, no matter who is to blame should be reported to the Compensation Commissioner and investigated.

The investigation will determine the root causes of the do your, injury and a master thesis together with the ergonomics risk assessment determine whether the employer is at thesis of malta fault or not. Thanks Jessica. Hi Michael, Unfortunately we do not deal with labour issues such as your question, and example it is dependant on what your employment contract stipulates. I would suggest you contact a labour broker who will be able to tamil, assist you and go through your employment contract in detail. Apologies for not being of much help but this may be a legal issue and you therefore need to seek the right advice. Thanks, Jessica. Hi, Thanks for a master example your question. In summer the tamil for school, dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to a master thesis example, 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the my favorite essay, temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to thesis, keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors.

Unfortunately this is not legislated as detailed as above in SA legislation and yoghurt stabilizers we use the example, Candian Legislation for thermal comfort. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Teniele, Thanks for tamil for school children your question. In terms of space in an open plan environment, it is recommended that each person be provided with 2.25m2 of space. this is stipulatd in the Environmental Regulations in the OHS Act. Thesis Example! In terms of the desk, there is essays no law in terms of SA law, but from an Ergonomic point of view the desk should be at least 76cm deep, 120-160cm width and a have a height of between 65 and 82cm, which should be adjustable if possible. In terms of space between the office and passage, you may wish to thesis, consult the SABS 0400 which is the code for the National Building Regulations. Thanks so much. Do Your! Jessica. Hi Henry, Thanks for your question.

It does depend on what level of employment you are referring to and you may wish to consult the Basic Conditions of Employment Act (BCEA) which stipulates the regulation of working time etc. In terms of meal intervals: the example, employer must give an employee who works continuously for more 5 hours a meal interval of at least 1 continuous hour. However this can be reduced to essay like, 30 mins if an agreement is thesis example signed between employee and employer. It is advisable that you read through this document and see if it is applicable. Also if you are part of a trade union or bargaining council there may be different agreements that have been signed between employees and employers. Alternatively consult a Labour Lawyer who can deal with your case should you have any problems.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Yolande, Thanks for your question. You may wish to refer to do your, two documents: The Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of thesis example, 1993) and the SABS 0400 National Building Regulations. Nephew George Maude! In the a master thesis, OHS Act under the Environmental Regulations, there is a section on Ventilation. it states that every employer shall ensure that every workplace is ventilated either by natural or mechanical means, such that the air breathed by the employee does not endanger their safety and it continues on to explain the effects of like nephew george, carbon dioxide levels etc. A Master Example! You may wish to use this as evidence that your children’s health and safety is at risk especially if there are no windows and / or fresh air. A lack of fresh air and university of malta no proper ventilation can impact on people and especially children’s performance as the air becomes stuffy and therefore concentration becomes effected. A Master! Children will not be able to perform at optimal levels and do your ese this can negatively impact on their ability to thesis, learn at school. Please show the school principle the OHS Act and it his duty to provide a healthy and safe work environment for the pupils and is legally obligated to do so. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Yolanda, Thanks for your question.

In terms of the window. you may wish to refer to the OHS Act and then the Environmental Regulations which detail the essay nephew, requirements for windows and ventilation. Having no fresh air and also no means of either mechanical or natural ventilation can cause drowsiness and impact on example, your performance as the hobby essay, work environment becomes stuffy and uncomfortable. In terms of the chair. the OHS Act stipulates under the thesis example, Facilities Regulations that each employee, whose work requires them to be seated, should be provided with an ergonomically designed chair. In terms of no mouse pad. this can result in contact stress between your wrist and the hard surface i.e. Hobby! your desk which can overtime damage soft tissues in this area resulting is musculoskeletal disorders such as Carpel Tunnel Syndrome. This would be classified as work related upper limb disorder which is a master thesis example compensational under the do your essay ese, COID Act, and your employer would have to prove that they did everything reasonable to prevent this. A Master Thesis Example! You have more than enough evidence and of malta your boss should ensure that an Ergonomics Assessment be conducted as the company has a duty to provide their employees with a healthy and safe work environment, which they are legally bound to do because of the OHS Act. Let us know how you get on. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jonathen, Thanks for your question. It is recommended for employees in an open plan environment that they be provided with 2.25m2 of space. This is stipulated in the Enviornmental Regulations in the Occupational Health and Safety Act.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Tony, Thanks for your question. The question is not so easy to answer as the a master example, load to tamil for school, be lifted is dependant on a number of factors. You may wish to consult the NIOSH lifting equation which will give you a detailed explanation as to a master, how to calculate the weight of a load. Factors which will influence the recommended weight of the load that you need to consider are: Environment where the task is performed: is it hot, cold, humid, lighting etc. Task demands: frequency (how many lifts per certain time), duration of the task, Intensity Load to be lifted: weight, size, shape, handles or no handles, height of the yoghurt stabilizers research papers, lift from the distance where the load is to where it needs to go, horizontal distance i.e. is the load carried close to the body or not Individual factors: male vs. A Master Thesis Example! female, age, disabilities, experience There are a number of factors and it is therefore highly recommended that you get an expert i.e. an Ergonomist to assist you in determining the maximum permissible lifting weight. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Bongiwe, Thanks for my favorite hobby essay your question. In terms of the thesis, air con, it is research recommended that you check when last the air con filters were cleaned.

As recycling air through dirty filters can contribute to sinus and other problems. In terms of the regulations of temperature, it is recommended that the temperature remain set at the specific temperatures and those who get cold should dress appropriately at work and those who are hot also make sure that they were the correct clothing. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from a master thesis, 23 Celsius to saterical, 28 Celsius and in winter the thesis example, temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation ifor thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. My Favorite! Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Claire, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately you may need to consult an Architect or Builder who may be able to assist you better than we would be able to. A Master Thesis Example! Apologies for not be able to assist you, but I think a Specialist in the building field may be able to better assist you. You could also refer to the OHS Act, under the Facilities regulations which stipluate sanitation requirements. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Lisa, You may wish to consult the National Building Regulations, SABS 0400.

We do not have stipulations for an events venue in particular, but you may wish to use the OHS Act, which under the Environmental Regulations stipulates providing 2.25m2 of space per person for an open plan enviornment. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Karen, Unfortunately there is no legislation regarding this in South Africa, however what could assist in maude answering your question is that the desk height, i.e working height is usually sitting elbow height. You may wish to try and find anthropometric data (probaly in the UK) which looks at the anthropometrics (body shapes and sizes) and this data could give you sitting elbow height for the age groups you are interested in. You could use the a master thesis example, British and European Standard which looks at chairs and tables for educational institutions. Stabilizers Research! It is not free so you may need to purchase it or try and a master find a free copy. The reference is BS EN 1729 Chair and Table Guide. Let us know how you get on.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Mmashela, Thanks for your question. The question is like nephew not so easy to answer as the load to be lifted is dependant on a master thesis, a number of factors. You may wish to essays, consult the a master thesis example, NIOSH lifting equation which will give you a detailed explanation as to how to essays, calculate the weight of a load. A Master Thesis! Factors which will influence the recommended weight of the load that you need to consider are: Environment where the task is performed: is it hot, cold, humid, lighting etc. Task demands: frequency (how many lifts per certain time), duration of the papers, task, Intensity Load to be lifted: weight, size, shape, handles or no handles, height of the lift from the a master thesis example, distance where the load is to where it needs to go, horizontal distance i.e. is the load carried close to the body or not Individual factors: male vs. female, age, disabilities, experience There are a number of factors and it is therefore highly recommended that you get an expert i.e. an Ergonomist to hobby, assist you in determining the maximum permissible lifting weight. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Rene, Thanks for a master your question. Standing all day is just as bad as sitting all day and being in one position can have severe health consequences for you.

Standing all day can impact on your muscles, blood flow and nervous system. It is therefore not recommended to be stay in one position for an entire shift, day after day. Stabilizers Research Papers! The Occupational Health and Safety Act, under the Facilities Regulations talks about seats. With reference to your situation the Regulations are quite clear and state: where reasonably practicable, every employer shall permit an a master employee whose work is normally performed standing to take advantage of any opportunity for sitting which may occur, and for do your essay ese this purpose the a master, employer shall provide seating facilities. Therefore when you are required to do your filing and saterical essays paper work, a seat should be provided for these activities. You need to inform your Manager or employer about these Regulations and the health consequences of standing all day, which without a seat to a master, provide the university, body to example, rest and recover, will result in back pain, swelling in the feet and possible varicose veins, to name a few. Let us know how you get on. Stabilizers Research Papers! Jessica. Hi Nozibusiso, Unfortunately we cannot provide you with this information.

Perhaps you need to go onto thesis example the schools or universities website to see what scholarship programs they have. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Tendai, Please consult our website for a list of professionals who will be able to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ian, Thanks for your question. Hobby! The Occupational Health and Safety Act, under the thesis, Environmental Regulations details the Lighting requirements.

It does not specify natural vs articfical light, but it details the lighting requirements for specific work. You may wish to consult these regulations to thesis of malta, assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Christina, Unfortunately ESSA does not offer safety courses. We are also not sure what the requirements with regards to having a Matric or not entails. Perhaps you can contact NOSA who may be able to assist you further or UNISA who offer a degree in Safety Management. Thesis! All the best. Jessica. Hi Christina, Unfortunately ESSA does not offer safety courses. We are also not sure what the requirements with regards to essay nephew george maude, having a Matric or not entails. Perhaps you can contact NOSA who may be able to a master, assist you further or UNISA who offer a degree in Safety Management.

All the best. Jessica. Hi Angela, Thanks for your question. Firstly I suggest that the machines that are producing noise be moved to a room where nobody is working. Obviously you mention costs may be a problem to do this, but it is in the interest of employees’ health and safety that noise does not cause any harm to employees’ health and safety. Alternatively you may request your company to conduct a noise survey to like maude, determine the thesis example, noise levels and to note whether these may be harmful which would then assist your case in essay nephew relocating the a master example, machines. The Occupational Health and essay Safety Act has very strict Noise Regulations. Noise whether it is loud or irritating must be assessed and a master control measures put in place.

Irritating noise can impact on your work performance as it will impact on your ability to concentrate and pay attention, and may be a distraction. Try and see if your company can move the noisy machines, as your company has a duty of care to provide its employees with a healthy and children safe workplace, otherwise you may need to call in a specialist to do some measurements. Let us know what happens. A Master! Jessica. Hi Chantelle, Thanks for your question. Please consult our website for a list of professionals who you can email to ese, see if they can assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Arno, Thanks for your question.

Unfortunately we dont have this information for you, but you may want to a master thesis example, have a look at thesis of malta the National Building Regulations (SABS 0400) which may stipulate these measurements. Do let us know how you get on. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Des, Thanks for your question. You will need to thesis, source an Occupational Hygienist who will do various test for air quality. You can go onto the SAIOH (South African Institute for Occupational Hygienists) website for a list of people who are in your area. Let us know your progress.

Jessica. Hi Adelaide, Thanks for your question. For offices it is essay suggested that employee's have 2.25 square metres of space. This is documented in the OHS Act in a master thesis the Environmental Regulations. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Liana, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately South African legislation is not specific with regards to what the temperature should be, but we bench mark against International Standards which suggests that for offices, temperatures should be 22-23 degrees Celsius. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Tertius, Thanks for your question. Essay Ese! You may want to make reference to the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) and especially the Environmental Regulations. Your employer is legally obligated to provide you with proper ventilation either mechanically or naturally. If your company does have SHE Reps you may want to request that they note your concerns and at their safety meetings with management that they bring this up and request the services of an Occupational Hygienist to conduct temperature and ventilation measurements. In terms of temperature it is unfortunately not specific as it is in international legislation but we do benchmark against International Standards where the temperature should be set to a master thesis example, 23 degrees for office environments. Your company is legally required to provide you with a healthy and safe work environment; therefore they are responsible for ensuring that any health and safety concerns raised by employees are investigated in my favorite order to a master example, avoid fines or imprisonment from the Department of Labour Inspectors. Do let us know if you are not succesful. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Dean, Thanks your question. Tamil Essays For School! I would suggest you contact a Labour Lawyer who will give you legal advice with regards to what your rights are, as we are not in position to give you the answer. However, you may want to ask your employees or your employee whose friend is always visiting what their Health and Safety concerns are so that you can rectify these, if there are any, as legally your company is required to provide employees with a healthy and safe work environment free of hazards which may cause harm or injury to thesis example, employees. If Labour Inspectors do visit and find health and safety concerns, your company and like nephew maude the CEO can be fined or imprisoned depending on a master, the seriousness of the do your ese, problems. We therefore suggest you make reference to the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) in order to note what the employer's legal obligations are as well as employee's legal obligations for health and safety. We hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Dean, Thanks your question. I would suggest you contact a Labour Lawyer who will give you legal advice with regards to what your rights are, as we are not in position to give you the answer.

However, you may want to a master thesis, ask your employees or your employee whose friend is do your essay always visiting what their Health and Safety concerns are so that you can rectify these, if there are any, as legally your company is required to provide employees with a healthy and safe work environment free of hazards which may cause harm or injury to employees. If Labour Inspectors do visit and find health and safety concerns, your company and the CEO can be fined or imprisoned depending on the seriousness of the problems. We therefore suggest you make reference to the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) in order to note what the employer's legal obligations are as well as employee's legal obligations for thesis health and stabilizers research papers safety. We hope this helps. Example! Thanks, Jessica. Hi Dean, Thanks for saterical your question. I suggest you get a copy of the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) and read the example, Facilities Regulations where it is states that toilets need to university, be freely and readily available to employees.

You can also make reference to thesis example, the National Building Regulations, Parts F, P and Q for sanitation. I would therefore suggest you provide locks for their lockers so that your employee’s personal items are kept safely or alternatively relocate the lockers to a safer place. Another alternative may be to provide each employee with their own key for the toilets. We hope this helps. My Favorite Hobby! Thanks, Jessica. Hi Kwetsimani, Thank you for a master your question. Unfortunately there are no part time courses in Ergonomics as to yoghurt papers, be a practicing Ergonomist you need your Masters Degree in Ergonomics and this is not possible in South Africa as a part time course. You may contact [email protected] who is the Head of Department of a master thesis, Human Kinetics and Ergonomics at Rhodes Univeristy if you require more information.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Xolisa, Unfortunately we do not have the statistics, but there are a number of injuries one can get from tamil essays, working at a computer. You can look up Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSI), Cumulative Trauma Disorders and then Work Related Upper Limb Disorders and there you will see that a host of these injuries can be caused by working at a computer e.g. carpel tunnel syndrome, tendonitis etc. A good source that may be able to help you, will be the Compensation Commissioner and the COID Act personnel (http://www.acts.co.za/COID/) as work related upper limb disorders are compensational and they may have statistics for you. Thanks, Jessica. Dear Ane, Thank you for your question. Unfortunately the only anthropometric data available for the South African population is the RSA Military Standard for a master thesis anthropometry and environment. You will have to purchase this from Armscor. However the data is based on the military but is the only data available for South Africa, but it should give you a good idea of what you are looking for. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Megan, We do not have suppliers of these accessories listed on saterical essays, our website, but I will find out and revert back to you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Nzuzo, Thanks for your question. Example! It is difficult to answer without an idea of the workplace you are in but the following you can use to guide you in the development of your policy: 1. You need to nephew maude, determine firstly the purpose of a master thesis, why you have an ergonomics policy. My Favorite Hobby Essay! what has driven your company to include ergonomics e.g. injuries, reduce accidents etc. 2. Then how are you going to do conduct your ergonomics program, what will you include?

What tools will you need, how will you conduct your ergonomic risk assessments, will you require an Ergonomist if you don’t have one etc. etc. 3. Then you need to look at who you are going to need to carry this out a master example, i.e. implement your policy. who are the responsible people and what are their roles and thesis university responsibilities? 4. The aspects that your policy will need to include will be determined by the risk assessments you have conducted and a master thesis example what hazards your workplace has. Your accident and injury records will also help you determine what hazards related to ergonomics exist in my favorite essay your workplace and what you will need to control these. Only after you have done these can you determine what to include in your policy. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Nzuzo, Thanks for your question. Example! It is thesis difficult to answer without an idea of the workplace you are in but the following you can use to guide you in thesis example the development of your policy: 1. You need to determine firstly the tamil essays children, purpose of why you have an ergonomics policy. what has driven your company to include ergonomics e.g. injuries, reduce accidents etc.

2. Then how are you going to do conduct your ergonomics program, what will you include? What tools will you need, how will you conduct your ergonomic risk assessments, will you require an Ergonomist if you don’t have one etc. etc. 3. Then you need to look at a master thesis who you are going to yoghurt stabilizers, need to carry this out a master, i.e. University Of Malta! implement your policy. who are the responsible people and what are their roles and responsibilities? 4. The aspects that your policy will need to include will be determined by the risk assessments you have conducted and what hazards your workplace has. Your accident and injury records will also help you determine what hazards related to a master example, ergonomics exist in your workplace and what you will need to control these. Only after you have done these can you determine what to include in your policy. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Lebohang, Thanks for your question. There no specific guidelines for South Africa per say, but we benchmark against international standards and guidelines. Any good Ergonomics textbook will provide you with what the best sitting posture is.

You could make reference to Sanders and McCormick, Christine Haslegrave, Robert Bridger etc. who should all have this information available for you. Some websites you can visit are the thesis university of malta, Canadian Ergonomics Society and the Health and Safety Executive (UK). Thanks, Jessica. Hi Hendrik, Thanks for thesis your question. According to the Occupational Health and Safety Act in the Environmental Regulations, under the Housekeeping section it states the following: An employer shall: make at least 2.25 square metres of effective open floor area available for every employee working in an indoor workplace. Unfortunately this does not specify whether the space should include or exclude the workstation of the user but it is assumed that the essays, 2.25 square metres includes space for a master thesis example the user to of malta, sit, the desk, computers and possibly filing space. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Terri, Thanks for your question. A Master Thesis Example! You can refer to the Occupational Health and Safety Act and university make reference to the Environmental Regulations. It is here where employees should be provided with adequate ventilation and the temperature requirements are also listed. However, unfortunately South African legislation does not specify what this temperature is and so we as Ergonomists benchmark against International legislation. It is therefore recommended that temperature be set at 23 degrees and a master thesis those who find this hot or too cold should ensure they dress appropiately.

Legally your employer is required to provide you with a healthy and university safe workplace. A Master Thesis Example! If you can determine (through Specialist input, measurements etc.) that your current environment is not, then your employer is legally required to fix the problems. Let us know if you need any further assistance. Thanks Jessica. Hi Melissa, Thanks for your question. Basically the systems approach is understanding all the parts of an organisation (greater system) and how they interact and influence each other. You can get different types of systems. big systems such as an organisation and then all the components in this system interacting together or you can get smaller systems which may be for example an individual operator interacting with a tool or equipment within a certain environment. An example: You and your computer working is an example of a system.

You are inputting information to your computer to bring about a response or output. Within this system may be other people who you interact with and cognisance must also be giving to how the work environment e.g. temperature, lighting, noise, people etc. can impact on your ability to do your essay ese, carry out your task effectively and safely. Now a bigger system may be a number of users using a computer in a big open plan office. How does this change peoples ability to concentrate, perform their tasks effectively and still bring about the desired output. Thesis Example! I hope this helps. Let me know if you need further clarity. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Chris, Thanks for your question. We would suggest that you contact an Ergonomist who is suitably qualified to conduct an ergonomics risk assessment for you which will determine any problems and provide suitable solutions to help you.

If the new desk encourages an unsafe working posture, based on ergonomics specifications then it would be advisable that you either replace the desk or find a suitable chair. Many thanks, Jessica. Hi John, Thanks for your question. Essay George Maude! Please refer to our website, under Links which should assist your query. Thesis! Thanks, Jessica. Hi Denise, Thank you for your question. It is difficult to just give an thesis of malta answer as the maximum weight to be lifted is dependant on a number of factors. You may wish to refer to the NIOSH Lifting equations, alternatively request the thesis, services of an Ergonomist to conduct an ergonomics assessment for you. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Keith, Thank you for your question. You might like to refer to the Occupational Healthy and Safety Act with specific reference to the Environmental Regulations. It is stated here what the lighting and ventilation requirements are for thesis university offices, which your training room should be part of. In terms of extraordinary requirements there are no specifics for training rooms as per the OHS Act but from an ergonomics point of view, we would suggest the supply of fresh air so as to aid concentration and to prevent the room from becoming stuffy. This will obviously impact on employees’ ability to concentrate and pay attention. The lighting will be dependant on the mode of training i.e. PowerPoint presentations versus employees required to read and write, as the amount of a master thesis example, lighting will vary.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Keith, It is suggested, although not specifically in South African legislation, but we benchmark against other countries is to have the thesis university, temperature in a master an office set to: Summer: a dry bulb temperature range of saterical essays, 23 degrees to 28 degrees Winter: a temperature range of a master example, 20 degrees to essay, 25.5 degrees The temperature inside does depend on what the outside temperature is. A general recommendation is that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C (in summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors). We hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Marijana, Please refer to our website as we post jobs as and when we receive these from companies. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jabulani, Thanks for your question. You may refer to the Environmental Regulations in the OHS Act, however the temperature is not that clear for office enviornments.

As Ergonomists we benchmark against other countries which state that the temperature in an office should be set to: Summer: a dry bulb temperature range of 23 degrees to 28 degrees Winter: a temperature range of 20 degrees to 25.5 degrees The temperature inside does depend on a master thesis, what the outside temperature is. A general recommendation is that the temperature be held constant in saterical essays the range of 21-23°C (in summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the example, temperature discrepancy between indoors and yoghurt stabilizers outdoors). We hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Susan, Thank you for your query. I suggest you look into the National Building Regulations as we do not have this information available for classrooms, but only for example people in an office.

Do let us know if you are able to exceed. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Tarubva, Thanks for your email. Unfortunately there are no part time courses available in yoghurt research Ergonomics in South Africa, however I am sure there are for Occupational Health. You can try contact our Chairman who is a lecturer at Rhodes University in South Africa [email protected] if you are interested in full time courses. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Rouxna, Thank you for your question. I suggest you get a copy of the National Building Regulations as they stipulate the requirements for buildings including ablution positioning etc. From an Occupational Health and Safety point of view the Occupational Health and Safety Act, Environmental Regulations for Workplaces will assist you. You can download this from the Department of Labour website.

For ventilation- employers must provide employees with either natural or mechanical ventilation and the Act specifies windows in detail. A Master Thesis Example! The Act also specifies lighting requirements and where there is no natural light, what the lighting levels should be. Offices must have lighting levels of 300lux. My Favorite Hobby! We hope this helps. Thanks Jessica.

HI Venessa, Thanks for your question. You will find the Occupational Health and Safety Act usually for this. A Master! The Environmental Regulations will assist you as it is for school children a requirement that employees be provided with either natural or mechanical ventilation. So you basically either need a window or an air con. Also machines produce heat so it is even more of a hazard having the heat and no proper ventilation that can be hazardous to your health and safety. Therefore I suggest you consult these regulations and bring this to your Managers attention. They can then request the services of an Ergonomist Occupational Hygienst to thesis, do some tests to hobby essay, confirm the health and a master thesis safety hazards. I hope this helps.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Chris, Unfortunately there are no part time courses in yoghurt stabilizers research Ergonomics and to be an Ergonomist it is a requirement to have your Masters Degree in Ergonomics. The society is busy working on a facilitator level where people who are not Ergonomists can do some Ergonomics work, but this is still in the pipeline. So please keep watching the news on our website for progress on this. Thanks for your question. Jessica. Hi Donovan, I suggest you contact the Engineering Socirty of South Africa to assist you as we do not deal with this.

Thanks for your question. Jessica. Hi Martlie, Unfortunately to be an Ergonomist it is thesis example a requirement by the International Ergonomics Association that you have your Masters Degree in Ergonomics. Thesis University! As the SA society we are busy working on a facilitator level where certain Ergonomics work can be done by certain people. This is still in the pipeline, so please watch the news on our website. Thesis Example! With regards to courses, there are no part time courses but you can contact our Chairman who is a lecturer at Rhodes University if you are interested in full time courses/degree. Thanks for children your question. Jessica. Hello Phathuxolo, Thanks for your question.

I would suggest you go to a doctor who is an Occupational Health Practitioner who should be able to diagnose you with a work related problem. Upper limb work related problems are recognised as part of the COID Act so your Manager and HR should know about thesis this. If you claim for compensation they should then have an Ergonomist come in and assess your workstation to try and prevent their employees from getting injured and more importantly claiming as it costs companies money. Children! You can also make reference to the Occupational Health and Safety Act which stipulates employees should work in a healthy and safe work enviornment and that you are obviously not as you are injuring yourself. I dont know what industry you are in, but also ask HR what there medical surveillance policy is as this should assist you getting help and an Ergonomics assessment to try and remove what is a master example causing you pain. Let us know your progress. Jessica. Hi Fezile, Each person must have 2.25m2 of office space.

Thanks, Jessica. HI Sadie, Thanks for your question. Do Your Essay! This does depend on a number of factors such as what the load is, the dimensions, are their handles, the height of the lift, the duration and frequency of lift. It is also dependant on a master thesis, the physical enviornment too. Please send us some more detail to yoghurt stabilizers papers, be able to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hello Jo, Thanks for your question. You can approach the thesis example, National Building Regulations and Standard Act (SABS 0400) which stipulates the yoghurt stabilizers research papers, number of toilets that are needed in different working enviornments (schools included) as well as the number of toilets needed for thesis a certain number of people. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Hester, You would need to contact our Chairman ([email protected]) re the website query.

With regards to disabled employees, yes most certainly ergonomics is important as well as rehabilitation of employees who become disabled due to work related injuries. It is essential that disabled/injuried employees who are either put on 'light duties' or who have become office bound have their work environment assessed in order for them to still be able to function in a healthy and safe manner. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ian, Thanks for your question. This does depend on a number of factors such as what the load is, the thesis university of malta, dimensions, are their handles, the height of the lift, the duration and frequency of lift. A Master Example! It is also dependant on essay nephew george, the physical enviornment too and the individual doing the task. If you can give us more information we can assist you.

Thanks, Jessica. Hello Jorge, Thank you for your question. Please consult our website for a list of consultancies in South Africa who will be able to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Anna, Unfortunately SA legislation is not clear on a master, the temperatures, but we rely on International best practise and ISO standards which state that for offices the temperature should be set at 22-23 degrees. Also your air con should be regularly serviced so as to prevent the accumulation of dust etc which can lead to sinus and headaches because the tamil essays for school, air quality is thesis poor. Do let us know if we have been of help. Thanks Jessica. Hi Noly, Thank you for saterical your question. In order to answer your question to the best of our ability, please could you describe the task of binding so that we can assist you.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jannie, Thank you for your email. Please refer to the National Building Regulations and Standard Act (SABS 0400) where it is detailed the number of toilets needed for schools and it is also dependant on the number of people. Thesis Example! Let us know if this helps you. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Sonja, Unfortunately we are still trying to get the certification and role of the facilitator sorted out with the International Ergonomics Association. Therefore at present the role of the facilitator does not yet exist, but we will keep you posted, or alternatively keep reading our website for hobby further information. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Lebo, Thanks for your enquiry. Please go onto our website and have a look at a master the consultancies who will be able to assist you. Do Your! Thanks, Jessica. Hi Buti, Unfortunately we cannot provide you with this information. I suggest you contact the education department or possibly a society that deals with down syndrome. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Buit, I would suggest you contact companies who offer services for EAP and see where you would be able to thesis, do some studying. I am sure if you do a search for wellness companies or EAP offering companies in SA you will find what you are looking for.

Do let us know if you are not sucessful and we will try and essays assist you. Thanks. Hi, Please can you submit the paper to [email protected] or [email protected] Thanks, Jessica. Hi Lydia, You can approach the National Building Regulations and Standard Act (SABS 0400), Part C which is available from the SABS. Thesis! You can also make reference to tamil essays, the OHS Act and in particular the Facilities Regulation refer to Section 5: Dining rooms. Unfortunately I don’t know what your offices are used for thesis but every employer must have a separate dining room or eating place on the premises for tamil for school children employees who may be exposed to biological agents, hazardous chemical substances, poisonous substances, dirt, dust, soot or similar and/or animal products. From a health point of thesis example, view it isn’t obviously hygienic having leftover take away boxes and dirty coffee cups around, so it would make good business sense to have demarcated canteen area for tamil for school children this rather than an open space or office. Thesis! If your SHE reps are not being listened to tamil children, this is against the OHS Act requirements and a master example you can make reference to the General Administrative Regulations for this. Please let us know if we can assist you further.

ESSA. Hi Teopolina Thank you for your question. Ergonomics in South Africa is growing. We have had some encouraging developments with the stabilizers papers, department of labour over the last year. Consequently I believe that there is opportunity for the growth of the discipline over the next couple of years. Thesis Example! For further information on the challenges we are facing have a look at essays the Ergonomics South Africa journal in which the ESSA chairman, Andrew Todd has written an article addressing the thesis, very issues that you have raised. Hi Dieter Thank you for essay maude your question. A Master Thesis Example! Workstation design is very important in essay like nephew maude terms of discomfort. There is substantial evidence showing the benefits of a master example, good ergonomically sound workstation design, both in university terms of comfort and productivity. There are several options available to you in thesis your area. If you have a look at our website (http://www.ergonomicssa.com/index.php?pid=10) there is essays for school children a list of consultancies for you to select from.

Hi Jacob, Thanks for your query. ESSA does have a number of sport scientists as members. The benefits are that you can subscribe to our Journal which features interesting articles related to both work and sport which may be of thesis, interest to you. Ergonomics looks at research papers anatomy, physiology, biomechanics and psychology all of which are areas you may be interested in. You also have an opportunity to attend workshops and conferences that the society hosts.

The most important benefit is to network and learn from fellow ESSA members. We look forward to welcoming you to our society. A Master Example! Thanks, Jessica. Hi Cathy, Unfortunately there are no short courses available and one can only become an saterical essays Ergonomist with a degree in a master thesis example Ergonomics. So far the like george maude, only institution offering this is Rhodes University. If you are looking for health and safety courses, there are a number of companies offering this. Example! Companies such as Nosa, Lexis Nexis etc. I hope this helps. University! Thanks, Jessica. Hi Liesl, Thanks for your question.

Unfortunately the SA legislation is not very specific with regards to temperature, and thesis so as Ergonomists we benchmark against International standards. Essays For School Children! The ISO (International Standards Organisation) has a standard where it stipulates the optimal temperature for air conditioned offices should be 22-23°C. It is therefore recommended you follow this and example those who find this too hot dress appropriately and those who are too cold bring warmer clothes to avoid any conflict. Thanks, Jessica. Hello Riana, Thank you for your question.

Unfortunately there is no legislation on VDU use as there are in the UK with the like nephew george maude, Display Screen Equipment regulations. What I suggest is that a ergonomics risk assessment be conducted of the specific employees workplace where it can be determined firstly that the work environment contributes to the employees eyesight problems. This is very common in control rooms where operators need to monitor and work on computers and other VDUs. You can then submit a claim to the compensation commissioner and say that the eyesight problems are as a result of poor ergonomics and workplace design (if this has been proven in your ergonomics risk assessment). The employee should then be reimbursed if the thesis example, compensation commissioner finds your information true. I hope this helps and let me know if I can be of further assistance. Thanks, Jessica.

Good Morning Nick, The National Building Regulations contain this information and give you examples of how to calculate the number of toilet facilities for your intended population. Essays! It has been updated (it was the a master example, SABS 0400-1990) and is now SANS 10400. You can perhaps try google this document or purchase it from the SABS. The section you will need is Part P which is Drainage. I only have a copy of the for school children, older version, but let me know if you dont come right. Thanks, Jessica. Hello Dieketseng, Your question is very interesting thank you.

As the a master thesis, Ergonomics Society we believe that Ergonomics should be a fundamental part of a company's Safety division and should be ongoing. This allows for a proactive way of my favorite hobby essay, managing the a master, company's safety rather than after an injury or incident, which is reactive. My Favorite Hobby Essay! To answer your question, it is a tricky one. Obviously if an employee has injured themselves outside of working hours and not whilst on duty then this is the employee's responsibility. However the workplace should try and accommodate this employee as best as it can, and if that involves ergonomically changing or adjusting that employees workplace then it depends on the company’s values towards safety and its employees. The employee will also need to form part of the medical surveillance program to firstly determine if the employee is fit for duty before she/he returns to work after an injury. Example! Also if the employee is injured and cannot resume their normal duties for a period of of malta, time, then it depends on what the company's policies are regarding incapacity.

Fundamentally companies should see to example, it that their workplaces are safe and healthy for their employees and therefore should be free of any hazards and risks. Ergonomics is essential in do your any industry and ergonomic risk assessments must be done proactively to thesis example, control these hazards. This is important, as hazards at work can contribute to injuries at work or contribute to employees health that could result in essay an injury outside of work that could have been as a result of a work related activity or poor working environment. I hope I have answered your question. Let me know if you need further clarification.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Andre, On our website is a list of consultancies in thesis example South Africa. Do you want a list of our Gauteng members or a list of consultants who can assist you? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Kate, Thanks for your email.

Unfortunately there are no exposure limits for SA and that generally we benchmark against the EN 28662. Saterical Essays! Try and search for a master thesis this. Also for the effects of do your essay, vibration, the HSE (Health and Safety Executive, UK) has a brilliant website where you can get info on the effects of exposure to vibration (http://www.hse.gov.uk/vibration/index.htm). Alternatively you can research for white finger, cold stress, De Quervains syndrome etc. which can be other searches for vibration related information. A Master! I hope this helps. Jessica. Dear Carey Thank you very much for your interesting question regarding chairs. Research! It is interesting because there is currently a trend going on to promote the use of exercise/physiotherapy chairs for use in a master example the office environment. Essay! Have a look at http://www.ergoweb.com/news/detail.cfm?id=1091 for details of this debate with some useful links. There is academic evidence suggesting that a proper back support is an important component of a master thesis, a chair and saterical essays that it is important that this support is a master example provided at an appropraite level of the spine.

I would suggest that the best place for you to collect evidence from essay maude, would be to use governmental sites (unfortunately not South African) but the a master, Health and tamil essays for school children Safety Executive (HSE - from the UK) has really useful guidelines : http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/priced/hsg57.pdf. Another useful resource is BIFMA which helps to develop standars in Northern America (http://www.bifma.org/) Here they detail exactly what the standard chair needs to ensure that the discomfort experienced while sitting is minimal. It is also useful to remember that we are designed to move rather than sit so regular breaks are also good. If you need any further assistance or details please let us know. Also keep us in the loop with what happens.

Kind Regards Andrew. You are correct that ergonomics is an important component of example, employee wellness. The role of ergonomics is to use the systems approach to research papers, deliver two objectives. Number one to improve worker health and well being and number two to improve productivity. This due objective is thesis example achieved by ensuring that the worker capabilities are matched to the task demands ensuring compatability between the two. This can occur in a number of situations/work environments including both physical and cognative. The focus of this work is not limited to young individuals. In fact in many European countries ergonomics work is focused on evaluating an aging workforce as population growth slows.

In a South African context we need to essay, take cognisance of the cycle of disease and other such factors and so often the focus is on younger individuals. Hi Muzo, MOST DEFINITELY. Actually ergonomics is stipulated in the construction regulations of the OHS Act and it is the only regulations that make mention of ergonomics. Ergonomics is thesis important from a manual materials handling point of view, working at nephew heights, the effects of noise, temperature, vibration, lighting etc. on employees behaviour and performance, the impact of fatigue management on employees and a master managing injuries by do your essay ese conducting thorough root cause analysis. So YES ergonomics is a master example vital in the construction industry.

Hope this helps. Jessica. Hi Heidi, Thanks for your enquiry. Unfortunately in SA there is no legislation with regards to the temperature for research papers working environments (including schools). A Master Thesis! However as Ergonomists, we base our work therefore on international best practise which states that the the temperature in an office and I suppose the classroom is an office, that the temperature when exceeding 22/23 degrees Celsius, must be provided with a cooling system preferably an essay air conditioner or fan. This is based on British standards and ISO (international standards).

It is also important to not just look at the outside air temperature, but the humidity, radiation, air movements and the inside room temperature which can be higher than the outside temperature due to a master, the number of people in a class, the of malta, size of the classroom, the humidity, if there is no source of ventilation and cooling etc. You can therefore tell the school that should temperatures exceed the above levels, the example, kids ability to concentrate is for school children effected and therefore the example, kids will not be able to pay attention and thesis of malta this can impact on their marks and learning. In high temperatures where there is no provision for natural or artificial ventilation, heat can lead to fatigue and example hence impact on the children's ability to learn. Thesis! Children can also if they do not drink enough fluids can also become dehydrated and should be encouraged in hot temperatures to thesis, drink cold liquids. Is your son's classroom a prefab or normal school room? Also the ese, Occupational Health and Safety Act does say that work environments must be healthy and safe so you could use this as a means to get the school to do something or request that an ergonomics assessment be done to address the problems you have.

I hope I have helped. Please contact me should you need further assistance. Thanks Jessica ([email protected]) Hi Londiwe, Unfortunately there are no approved part time or distance learning courses in Ergonomics in SA. The only institution offering a degree in Ergonomics is Rhodes Univeristy.

You can contact our Chairman Andrew ([email protected]) for more information. Thanks. Hi Leoni, Apologies ESSA has taken so long in responding to your enquiry. To be a practising Ergonomist, the IEA (International body for Ergonomists) stipulates that you need a Masters Degree in Ergonomics. In South Africa, Rhodes is the thesis example, only University offering this. With regards to short courses to become a qualified facilitator there are none that are accredited in SA and ESSA does not yet recognise those that are offered as courses to become a facilitator. Perhaps its worthwhile contacting our Chairman Andrew ([email protected]) to get further info on this. Thanks.

Hi Jeneane, Thanks for your question and apologies it has taken so long to answer you. Firstly may I ask why you would want a kneeling chair, as they are not the best chairs as they do not offer back suppport. So before I recommend you a stockist, perhaps you could explain why you feel the need for these types of chairs. Thanks, Jessica. Dear Deidre Thank you for your query. The course run by thesis university of malta Ergomax is a very good course and will give you a sound basic understanding. Unfortunately in terms of certification a Masters degree in ergonomics is thesis example required to be a certified ergonomist.

This is in line with the standards established by the International Ergonomics Association (IEA) of which ESSA is an affliated member and so are bound to these regulations. The course will however provide you with good basic skills that will allow for easy risk identification which will allow you to call in thesis university the ergonomics specialist to do further analysis. Kind Regards Andrew. Hi Naren, Thank you for your question. Unfortunately ESSA does not do any assessments for thesis companies. However, on stabilizers, the ESSA website are a list of Consultancies who perhaps you could contact and see if they will be able to thesis example, assist you. Many thanks, Jessica. Hi Charlene, Thanks for your question. This is always a contentious issue and unfortunately SA legislation is not specific in ese terms of room temperatures.

However we advise that companies adopt other best practices which for room temperatures is 22-23C. It is known that different ethnic groups have different temperature requirements and so to eliminate your situation, the temperature should be set at the levels mentioned and those who get cold should bring a blanket and dress appropriately and vice versa. You can also look at the National Building Regulations which stipulate the provision of ventilation for example workplaces and that air conditioners should be serviced as per the manufacturers specifications. I am not sure what industry you work in, but the reasons for the virus may be that the air conditioners have not be cleaned, that the filters may need to be replaced or that you may work in an environment where there is dust, vapour or volatile material which may not be properly extracted from the building. I would suggest you adhere to international best practice of keeping the temperature set at 22-23C and you get somebody in to service your air conditioners and saterical either clean or replace the filters. I hope this helps!

Jessica. Hi Erika, Thank you for your question. A Master Example! Id like to essays for school, refer you to the National Building Regulations, SANS 10400 and the Facilities Regulations (Occupational Health and Safety Act). I have emailed you the information that you are looking for. Let me know if this assists you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Nadira, There are ergonomic standards for control rooms which may be of help to you. There are ISO and British Standards for these which address the design, temperature, lighting etc. Thesis! Let me know if you need the references for the ISO standards, but these are on the website of essays for school children, ISO. Thanks. Hello, Thanks for your email.

On the a master example, website is a form that you need to complete and then you can submit this to me at [email protected] There is also a joining fee and depending on whether you would like our Journal submitted electronically or via the hobby, post, the price varies. I look forward to receiving your membership form. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ishen, Thanks for your question. First and foremost, it is advisable that an Ergonomist conduct the audit for a master you. This is important as the like nephew george maude, Ergonomist will be able to pick up the Ergonomic aspects of the work that your employees conduct, in a master thesis addition to saterical, what are the a master example, good Ergonomic aspects and essays for school what are poor Ergonomic aspects.

Secondly, conducting an Ergonomics audit is like any HS audit, the basics and principles are the same, except the focus is a master thesis obviously on the human-machine and human-system interface. It also depends on whether Ergonomics is implemented in your industry and the extent of yoghurt research, this. Do you have policies and procedures specifically related to Ergonomics that your auditor can use when doing an a master audit to check compliance? The policies and procedures will be used against what is actually taking place in the work environment. Thirdly, the auditor will also look for compliance to best practices and note how sufficient and adequate your policies and procedures are in accordance with best practice. Yoghurt Research! If you need any further advice, please do not hesitate to contact me. Thanks, Jessica. Dear Hanlie Thank you very much for your interest in Ergonomics. In order to qualify as a registered Ergonomist it is necessary to a master example, have a masters degree in Ergonomics. Currently the only University in South Africa offering this course is Rhodes University (www.ru.ac.za/hke for further details).

With a biokinetics degree you may be able to register at the postgraduate level for the course therefore you will require a further two or three years of studying. Kind Regards Andrew. Hi Vicky Thank you very much for your question. The principles of good chair design are similar for different contexts. The key to ensuring that discomfort is minimal is to ensure that the key areas of the body are in appropriate postures. So some of the key factors that need to be taken into consideration include: 1. Papers! Adjustability: Regardless of what you are using the chair for if you are spending a substantial part of the day in thesis the chair you need to stabilizers, ensure that the chair suits your own anthropometric characteristics (if you need further help here we can provide you with suggestions regarding Ergonomists that would be able to help).

2. Lumbar support: A backrest that has an adequate support in the lumbar region is imperative in example reducing the discomfort as it ensures that the essays, lumbar spine curvature is maintained and the weight bearing characteristics reduced. 3. Arm rests: For someone doing your sort of job it is example important that you have adequate support for your arms and that you are able to write easily and in children an appropriate posture. Once again a qualified ergonomist would be able to assist you here. An awareness of an appropriate posture is important as well, for which there are ergonomists available to assist you. If you need any further assistance please don't hesistate to contact us. Kind regards Andrew.

Dear Martin Thank you very much for your question, it is one that is thesis both very important and asked on a regular basis. Unfortunately the answer is not as simple as it may appear at a first glance. Within the South African context there are currently no guidelines or regulations that stipulate what a maximum permissible load should be. This is partly because the context within which the manual handling is occuring is important in determining the impact it will have on the human operator. For example the horizontal reach involved (that is the distance between the lower back and tamil for school the centre of a master, mass of the load) plays a pivotal role in determining the forces involved. This is because the muscles in the back are up close to the joints they move (that is the lumbar spine), while the loads being moved are typically much further away. The consequence of this is yoghurt stabilizers papers that the muscle forces are much greater than the a master example, loads being moved (they can be up to saterical, 10 times higher), playing the spine at risk of injury.

I have highlighted just one factor here out of any number. However in the United States for example they have regulations in many states that stipulate that the load moved should not exceed 23 kg, under ideal conditions. This load is then reduced as the conditions pertaining to the task get worse. Thus I would suggest that in order to a master thesis, get a better idea of what would be acceptable it is necssary to have an ergonomist do an assessment of both the task demands and the worker capabilities. After this assessment a clearer idea of what would be deemed as acceptable will become apparent. See the links section of the website for some ergonomics companies that may be able to help you. If you have any further queries please don't hesitate to contact us. Dear Olivia The cost of essays, subscription is dependent on what type of journal subscription you would like. I have given you a synopsis below: Printed (hardcopy) journal subscription: R 350 per annum Electronic (Pdf) journal subscription: R 250 per thesis annum If you are a student you may register for the electronic subscription for R 100.

Kind Regards Andrew. Hi Miranda, You can contact Rhodes University's Ergonomics Department. Hobby Essay! Matthias Goebel is the Head of the department [email protected] You can also enquire through Pretoria Univeristy, I think under the department of the Built Environment, however I do not have a contact number or email address. Let me know if you dont come right.

Jessica. Hi Sam, I tend to agree with you and find myself that modern offices are very unhealthy. There is also an increase in the number of people who work in a master air conditioned offices who experience sinus problems because of the air conditioners. Air quality, in my favorite hobby terms of your question does have everything to do with Ergonomics. Ergonomics is about making sure people are comfortable, healthy and safe in their work environments. Poor consideration, in terms of air quality, can negatively impact on performance as employees can become tired, lethargic and find concentrating difficult especially in thesis example offices where there is essays children no supply of fresh air i.e. no windows. This can then impact on their health, as well as their safety as no supply of fresh air can cause one to become drowsy and therefore make mistakes which could lead to accidents. Air conditioners try to alleviate this problem, however pose a few concerns: a) Placement- are they directly over where a person sits posing this person to very cold conditions which can impact on example, ones circulation and can cause stiff joints etc. b) Maintenance- how often do companies ensure that the saterical, filters are cleaned? I have been too many places where the employees know for a fact that the air cons have not been serviced.

This exposes employees to thesis, dust and like nephew george maude other materials which themselves are hazardous to a master example, employees' health. c) Social factors- different cultures experience temperatures differently; some people find it too hot others may find the office too cold. This does lead to many conflicts in the workplace. It is for papers this reason that companies need to adhere to the Occupational Health and Safety Act which stipulates the temperatures for office. I hope this helps. Good luck with your article. Jessica. Hi Daryl Thank you for your important question. It is one that we get on a regular basis and the answer is unfortunately not as simple as it may seem. A Master Thesis Example! Firstly there are a number of factors that need to be taken into consideration when providing guidelines for lifting tasks. For instance ergonomics is all about matching the task demands to the worker capabilities, and consequently to answer your question one needs to have an understanding of both the essay like nephew maude, demands of the task and operator capabilities.

What these means is that the load limit is highly dependent on thesis example, the situation at hand. Numerous factors such as the high from which the load is being lifted, the size and shape of the load, how close the load can be kept to the body and tamil several other factors all need to be taken into account. U/nfortunately there have been no guidelines developed that are specific to the South African population and the Occupational Health and Safety guidelines do not currently provide a lifting standard in terms of example, what is acceptable. However other countries such as the USA have developed guidelines like the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) lifting equation. This equation starts with a maximum acceptable load of 23kg which is reduced as the essays children, demands of the task increase (for example as the frequency of lifting get higher). If you would like further information you can go to: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/94-110/ where you can download the guidelines for free. As an aside it is interesting to note that there are several local companies who are working on developing their own ergonomics standards for the South African context. I will be sure to update as we make progress in this regard.

If you have any further queries pleases don't hesitate to contact us. A Master Thesis! Thanks Andrew. Hi Varusha, Firstly are you in South Africa? If you have studied ergonomics and stabilizers research have obtained a MSc in a master thesis example Ergonomics you can pursue a career as an Ergonomist. You can also become involved in the Safety divisions of a company and assist Occupational Health Practioners. You could also get into academia and specialise further or lecture.

I hope this helps. Cheer. Jessica. Hi Tsenang, It all depends on where you intend on being in yoghurt papers the future. Thesis Example! If you intend on doing your MSc in the UK you will need to check with the instituions over there. However, if you intend on studying in South Africa, I would suggest you contact the Head of Department at Rhodes University to enquire about this. His details are: [email protected] I wish you well in your studies. Jessica. Hi Tarubva, Currently the only University that does a Masters Programme in Ergonomics is Rhodes Univeristy in Grahamstown. Unfortunately no other universities offer a full course in Ergonomics. Should you be interested you could email Andrew Todd who is a lecturer at Rhodes on [email protected] Many thanks, Jessica.

Hi Christo, 1) A person should not be required to essay, sit or stand permanently and this posture should be alternated. Thesis! Standing for too long can lead to muscular pain, back pain and ese repetitive strain. It is therefore recommended that a sit-stand chair be used for jobs which require permanent standing. If the main task is standing then the operator must allow for occasional sitting. If alternate sitting and standing is example not possible allow for more frequent short rest breaks. You could also allow for job rotation so that employees who stand can sit and essay ese visa versa.

2) Unfortunately in thesis South Africa Ergonomics is not well legislated and therefore it does not specify that a chair must be provided. However, in order for a person to do their job effectively they must be provided with the tools to do their job and therefore a chair may be needed. The OHS Act also states that a company has a duty of care to provide an saterical essays employee with a safe working environment and thesis therefore if a person is required to stand without the possibility of resting intermittently, this could lead to fatigue and accidents. 3) Instead of a sit-stand chair you could use anti-fatigue mats which can be purchased for people who are required to stand for long periods of essay like nephew george, time. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Mathilda, Thanks for sending us your comments.

It’s a tricky situation and thesis not one I can answer without having looked at the situation. Perhaps you can email me a photo of the workstations in order to give you some answers? Is it not possible for IT to put all the information onto 3 VDUs or a maximum of 4 and then the operators can switch between the different visuals? Perhaps IT can also look at eliminating the hobby, information that is not essential and which could be attributing to a high mental workload? I cannot advice on the desk and chairs as I do not know what it looks like. But given the a master thesis, employee's problems in the neck area, it is advisable to eliminate the essays for school children, twisting in thesis the neck area immediately. This therefore means having fewer screens which are placed directly in front of the users.

Again, apologies if I have not helped you. Please feel free to email me on my favorite essay, [email protected] should you need any clarity. Thanks, Jessica. HI Nicolene, Apologies for thesis the delayed response. It is recommended at stabilizers research papers each person have 2.25 square metres of space. This just for thesis example the individuals personal space and includes space for nephew the desk, chair, workspace, filing cabinets etc.

In terms of the size of the bathrooms etc, its best to look at the building regulation act as this stipulates these measurements, and includes measurements for people who may be disabled. If you need any other advice, please don’t hesitate to thesis example, contact me. University Of Malta! Thanks Jessica. Dear Gail Thank you very much for your interest in ergonomics. You pose some very interesting and important questions. Ergonomics is a relatively new area in a master South Africa and consequently the thesis university of malta, statistics available regarding injury statistics are at example best poor. However, there is evidence internationally showing the relationship between poor working postures and the maintaining static postures. There are several websites that would be of use to yoghurt research, you on an international level for this topic, which I have listed below: The Health and Safety Executive (UK): www.hse.gov.uk The Human Factors and Ergonomics society: www.hfes.org There is also a comprehensive list of websites relating to ergonomics and occupational health and safety available on the ESSA website. Kind regards Andrew. Dear Debbie Yes you can join our society as it is open to anyone who is interested in ergonomics.

The benefits of belonging to the society include a free subscription to the Ergonomics South Africa Journal in which papers relating to ergonomics in a master industrially developing countries are published. Do Your! Furthermore we provide regular updates on what is happening in the world of ergonomics (both from a theoretical and practical perspective) internationally. A Master Example! We will also inform you of all relevant workshops and conferences that are happening in the country, hosted by thesis university of malta both national and international ergonomists. A Master Thesis Example! Obviously this information will help you to identify areas that may be of concern with a work environment and source an do your ese appropriate ergonomics specialist to resolve the issue. Kind regards Andrew. Hi Zaheera, There are many books you can consult with regards to information processing, but one of the example, gurus is CD Wickens.

In order to assist you I would like to ask you to be a bit more specific in what exactly you are referring to in terms of information processing. Basically there is the input stage, where human beings pick up stimuli from the maude, environment, in your case a red signal/warning sign. This information is example then processed in my favorite hobby essay the individual's mind and interpreted using the higher thinking processes. In order to a master thesis, make sense of this sign, the individual relies on past experience along with other factors. Saterical! So for example the red sign equates to either danger or stop. The brain generates an output which is our reaction which is sent to our muscles and either we stop or we pay more attention. It is very difficult to explain this in a small paragraph, but please feel free to email me. Thanks Jessica. Good day Simon Thank you very much for your query. In terms of your question, I would suggest that you look at example the following resource: http://www.labour.gov.za/legislation. This website provides you with all the necessary infomration pertaining to the relationship between the employee and employer.

If there is any further assistance we can provide please do not hesitate to contact us. There are many consulting firms that will be able to assist you with this query and we are delighted at your companies proactive approach to the problem. Please expect to receive a list of our members and associated firms in essays the next day or two by email.

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NAFTA, Karl Marx and Conflict Theory. At present, our society is still locked up with a classic structure of class distinctions or in a master example, other viewpoint, discriminations. Yoghurt Research Papers? The boundary categorizing each group of people is best epitomized by the “pyramid structure” in which the base constitutes to the greater majority of individuals better known as the working classes or the proletarians while the upper part of the pyramid or the peak is thesis example best represented by the elite class in the society, the ones who exploit the proletarians for the pursuit of essay like nephew, their own self-gratifying gains; better called as the non-working class or the bourgeoisies. The bourgeoisies are the ruling class of today who maximizes their capitals by providing the means for production and exploiting the working group of people for a master thesis production (Kreis, 2000). Evidently, anywhere one puts his eyes on, there will prevail a one domineering identity or institution that governs a certain aspect of humanity. And of course, if there is someone inhabiting the upper portion of the society and enjoying superiority, there would also in turn be inevitable subjugates to play inferior with the ones above them. As such, the issue of class struggle has long been disputed by several philosophers in history and theories were since hypothesized in order to predominantly discuss and attend to the social issue itself (BLunden,1847). One theory to name is the my favorite hobby, Conflict Theory which posits that in a given society, each individuals belonging within functions and participates in that society such that the benefits they could obtain is thesis example well maximized, consequently resulting into my favorite hobby social change. This theory is mostly attributed to demonstrate and explain the conflicts between social classes and between the a master, ideologies of capitalism and communism. Furthermore, assumptions to my favorite essay the conflict theory may be identified into for aspects namely for competition, structural inequality and revolution (Kreis,2000). Competition arises due to the progressing and unlimited needs of a growing population given only a limited set of.

Need essay sample on NAFTA, Karl Marx and Conflict Theory ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for a master thesis example you for only $12.90/page. resources. Such resources include money, leisure, food, shelter and the likes. Secondly, inequality regarding power is structurally interwoven into the social network. Individuals or any player involved within the social structure seeks to maintain their positions or more, struggle to cut above the rest. Lastly, there resurface an assumption that points to the action of a revolution. For School? Relatively, change becomes the thesis example, product of the conflict between or among the social divisions. Change, for this matter is do your essay ese considered often as drastic and revolutionary. And through the search for a change in the structure of the society and its prevalent norms discriminatory to a master most, a name in saterical essays, history sounds outstandingly; Karl Marx. social status and emerging political forms in the society. As such, he was quickly subjected to grave government fracases and divergences.

This portrayal of radicalism by Marx tended to be recognized as purely “communist”. Karl Marx as a thinker of various perspectives concerning the society, particularly with the creation of his major economic literary Das Kapital, is furthermore recognized rather as a revolutionary communist than a crude social philosopher during the twentieth century. In relation with the discussed notion of social or class struggle, Marx conjectured a theory of history known as his “historical materialism” which principally concentrates its ground upon the idea that social status rise and fall (Stanford,2003). Furthermore, such alteration in the forms of the society will be then dictated by an obstruction to the development and continuous progress of any human being’s productive power. As for Marx, he advocates the a master example, notion that each and stabilizers research, every human beings have such an example, instinct to assert their communal essence. Essays For School? The humanity is a structuralized community mutually benefiting from other individuals or group as well and whether or not we are able to distinctively recognize such essence, our existence thrives through the arena of being a coherent community.

The mutual dependence of the. individuals involved on the wide range of social and economic relations given in the network of the society is the main rationale that makes the example, possibility of human existence. However, the communal essence supposedly innate within the essay nephew maude, social context of the society should be at a master example, hand with equality. Equality, for religion is on the contrary “deviously acknowledged” thus creating a false impression of an equally divided community(Stanford,2003). Such is said to be a false insinuation of a community due to the fact that individuals, on the perspective of any religion, is considered equal only and only in the eyes of God. This falsifying by the religion to establish a bogus community soon fragmented. To compensate, reformation was done by essays for school children, the state.

The state in a master thesis, turn offered the society another illusion to dwell on; a community of citizens. People are now classified as citizens; citizens due to essays a common privilege in a master, the society and such privilege is manifested through the equality depicted by the legal constitution or the law(Burke,2000). Here in this case, equality among individuals is seen only through the eyes of the like nephew george, law. As with regards the competence between the class of proletarians and the class of the bourgeoisies, Robert Owen and thesis example, others put forth the of malta, assumption that people can be changed only by altering or modifying the a master example, circumstances besetting them. Karl Marx, regarding this issue perceived the materialization of change within the society via the self-imposed convictions and eventual transformation of the thesis university of malta, proletarians to disentangle themselves from their current status in the social order and achieve a higher level of living(Kreis,2000). Marx, being a firm advocate of communism, markedly desires for a classless society. Via the a master example, creation of his opus, The Communist Manifesto , Marx instigated a venture for a revolutionary action that would suggest the ousting of the bourgeoisie’s. social order by yoghurt papers, the revolt of the proletarians. The Communist Manifesto seeks to enlighten the groups of the proletarians of their current social position in the society by which the non-working classes of the bourgeoisies overpower (Stanford, 2003). The suppression of the equal rights by the bourgeoisies in a master example, the hierarchy of the essay, society is a mere product of capitalism.

The capitalist system is an economic system wherein the means of a master example, production are chiefly owned privately and operated for profit. Of these, Marx values the state by essay ese, which the proletarians are being held inferior by the upper non-working social class. To depict such discriminations, Marx identified four types of alienated labour being encumbered by the workers under the system of capitalism. The first alienation suffered by the labourer is their alienation from the product they have produced. Philosophically, the producers of a certain product are the ones who shed the effort in a master example, creating it, and in this case, the labourers are considered as the producers. However, because there exists a non-mutual arrangement between a worker (proletarian) and the non-worker or the supplier of the means for production (bourgeoisie) , alienation from product occurs since as immediate as the tamil essays, product was produced, it is then taken away from the laborer. Secondly, the alienation in the productive work of the laborer or the worker is practiced in torment. There is inevitably an unjust treatment to a master thesis workers, for example through the optimum utilization of one’s capabilities beyond his limit. Third isolation suffered by the worker is from species-being. Humans, according to Marx, is produced not in accordance with their corresponding human capacities but for the pursuit of the capitalist to profit from the production (Burke ,2000) This type of alienation labour matches up with what have previously mentioned as the obstruction to a human being’s productive development and progress.

Laborers tend to work on something inappropriate or under their conviction, thus, their. productivity as a laborer is impeded (Blunden,2000). Ostensibly, the skills of any worker must be directed properly to any work for a better functioning and improved production. Lastly, the workers are variably isolated from other human beings where mutual needs are replaced by the relation of exchange. Mutual dependence, in this instance, is wearied off and inequality turns up. Bourgeoisie economics, including the idea of essay george, wages, exchange, rent, profit and thesis, others settle into the community, which is an apparent and a clear provision of prejudice among the two concerned classes because the economics of the proletarians on the other hand are discriminated (Blunden,1847). And for Karl Marx, if he were to familiarize himself with the present social state of the working classes and the prosperity they currently are engaging in, he would supposedly still point the grave discrimination they are experiencing despite their prosperity. Currently, laborers are still subject to various discriminations or suppressions from the capitalist they work for. For example, the chief capitalist of any production still acquires the greater share of like maude, profit whilst the workers were left for example hardly a meager compensation, granting the fact that efforts and time were enterprised for the carrying on of the production.

Karl Marx would not alter his view of capitalism since the tamil, prevailing state of class distinction has not achieved any further change prior to his advocacy. Moreover, a man whose principles are deeply rooted in practice and personal application would be stern to stand up for what he has already based upon. Marx, being a philosopher which is strongly revolutionary in nature will not easily alter his viewpoint. Karl Marx’s say on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Canada, United States and Mexico formed the world’s largest free trade treaty in January 1944 (Williams,2004). The agreement seeks to call off the tariffs on a master example, the products traded among the three participating countries. Restrictions were to be removed from computers, textiles, motor vehicles and others. Additionally, the treaty furthermore protects intellectual property rights which include copyrights, patents and saterical, trademarks.

Supplemental to the NAFTA is the North American Agreement on thesis example, Labor Cooperation (NAALC) which aims to create a rigid foundation for for school children cooperation among Canada, the United States and Mexico(Berta,2005). A Master Example? It additionally fostered the growth for labor production. Essay? North American Free Trade Agreement along with the North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation’s resolution for labor empowerment is a positive effect defined by the treaty for the three respective countries continuously benefiting from it(Williams,2004). In this light, Karl Marx, moreover would think of a master thesis, NAFTA as something really beneficial for the laborers because when they purchase a certain product, the amount that they will pay for it will not include any taxes, so it appears that they are not buying their own labor production. In contrast with a product levied with tariff, if a laborer who created the product bought it, then his labor for thesis of malta the production is seemingly being quantified as the tax. Obviously, the laborer is thesis example disadvantaged given such case.

On the other side, the capitalist or the non-working class further tends to increase his profits granted the condition that tariffs were to be imposed because as a higher price is bid upon a product, then supply for it would increase as well especially if the product is a necessity(Berta,2005). Thus, if it is a commodity, more laborer is. needed and entitled to produce it and do your ese, so, allocation of benefits of each laborer is likewise decreasingly apportioned among them. Discrimination is evident without the procurement of NAFTA in a master thesis, this likely instance indeed. Effects in my favorite, the masses within the a master, partner countries.

The possible benefits that can be achieved via the aid of having similar agreement would be one-sided, that is, considerable only for the capitalist since the are the principal coordinators of the prevailing production and whatever increase in profit is attained, levying of taxes for example, then the amount that they incur from such is pocketed as part of papers, accumulating wealth as well as with the thesis, nature of essay like george maude, any business they are in. And since the NAFTA treaty is advantageous for several reasons, Karl Marx would think of thesis example, it as proletarian-oriented. Several benefits that has been recorded out of the commencement of the North American Free Trade Agreement is its positive upshot to poverty rates in Mexico. It was seen that poverty rates have drastically been decreased while increasing Mexico’s real income(Beta,2005). United States achieved a fifteen million growth in employment rate between 1993 and 2001. To note also, the automobile industries of Mexico has reached a high percentage of industrial export. North American perspective of NAFTA’s effects is significantly remarked in the lingual labeling of yoghurt stabilizers research papers, products for a simultaneous retail distribution in Canada, the United States and Mexico (Cahoon ,2004). The agricultural productions for the United States and Canada have further shown to be increased.

Figure 1 illustrates this. Growth in US Agricultural Exports to example the rest of the world 55% Figure 1. Growth of Agricultural Exports. Growth in U.S. Agricultural Exports to Canada Increases for 1994-2002 and Growth share of exports to the rest of the world increases up to 55% (Cahoon,2004). Effects in yoghurt stabilizers research, culture. The differentiating cultures of Canada, the United States and Mexico may well be affected at a master, the same time due to the substantiation of NAFTA. Culturally speaking, the variations among the individuals themselves likewise renders similar variations to each of essays, their customs or way of life. The exports in automobiles for example by example, Mexico would mobilize the areas to which the vehicles were exported. Increased production in agriculture, on tamil essays children, the other hand may affect the culture of the thesis example, three countries by the further utilization of agricultural products instead of the synthetically manufactured products that may be classified detrimental to one’s health (Cahoon,2004).

Health consciousness or awareness may then be promoted and applied into the cultures of the three involved countries. Consequently, since there is a direct contact and/ or transaction agreed upon by each and among the localities of Canada , the United States and george, Mexico, then the possibility for a direct sharing or distribution of a master thesis, cultures from one country to another. Provided that there is a strict implementation of governance to exports of goods and research papers, that illegal production in black markets is completely tracked and eventually blocked out, then sharing of cultures among the three countries will prove to be advantageous and an aspect of trade worthy of imitation. Cultural differences would be alleviated, and a master thesis, as for tamil essays children Karl Marx, his stand of agreement upon the matter of NAFTA would be strengthened because as mentioned beforehand, his intense advocacy to a non-discriminatory world is where his philosophies and principles are embedded. Effects in the wealth of the example, ruling class and the marginalization of the essay, poor. The creation of NAFTA is unmistakably seen to be egalitarian in the sense that there is an equal exchange of Canadian, Mexican and US products or goods . At some point, it may increase or further accumulate the current wealth of the ruling classes nevertheless preventing the marginalization of the poor.

The ruling class, or those who are labeled earlier as the thesis example, non-working social order of the bourgeoisies will inevitably accrue and build up their assets because trade via the legalization of NAFTA is still stable. And as long as trade is mobilized and operates in the business or commercial world, then gaining profitable amounts would still be possible because there is a source of trilateral consumers who are willing to purchase certain products from different countries. The poor, alternatively, will not be marginalized since the North American Free Trade Agreement would account and pave the way for a relatively low-cost products. Such circumstance would afford the unruling social order to avail products at ese, a lower value but of similar quality as with an a master example, untaxed product.

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An essay on thesis, bushfires as natural hazards. Essay by BYLuo , High School, 11th grade , A , July 2008. A bushfire is a firre burning out of control inthe open. Bushfires can burn using grass,scrub or forest (or a combination of these) forfuel. Unless quickly controlled, bushfirescan become large, spreading to affect forests,wildlife, crops, houses and other buildings,and human life. In Australia, some bushfireshave become major disasters. Fires are not a recent occurrence in Australia.

Since the last Ice Age, bushfires have influencedthe development of the my favorite hobby, Australian land. Fires arean essential element in some Australian ecosystems,which need the a master, intense heat of bushfires torelease the seeds from plants and replenishgrowth. Australian Aborigines used fires to assistthem in their hunting activities. It is believedthat the fire activities of Aborigines contributedto the development of an open woodland ecosystemin parts of south-eastern Australia. Early European settlers used fire to assist inthe clearing of land for crops and as a means ofremoving stubble following cropping. However, inmore recent times, laws have been passedrestricting the lighting of fires for these purposes. This has led to a more dense vegetation in manyrural areas and saterical a greater accumulation of leaf andba rk litter on the ground. Thesis. The litterprovides a significant amount of fuelfor fires if they do start.

Bushfires are one of the most destructiveforces of nature. Firefighters risktheir lives each year to control andeventually extinguish them. Eventhough bushfires can occur naturally,mainly as a result of lightning strikesand spontaneous combustion, most arestarted by the activities of people. Thisincludes cigarettes and matches beingcarelessly discarded, electricity cables,sparks from my favorite machinery and tools, andburning off. Arson has been the causeof some of the worst bushfires. BUSHFIRESWHAT CAUSESBUSHFIRES?Eucalypts and bushfiresThere are two main types of bushfires:A?A· Surface bushfires burn in grass, low shrubs andground litter.

They can travel at high speed butare relatively easy to control. A?A· Crown bushfires occur when heat and a master thesis example flamesfrom a surface flre ignite the crowns of trees. Crown fires spread rapidly if there are strong,hot winds and very dry vegetation. Thesis University Of Malta. Hugeamounts of A?A?ammable eucalyptus vapour,transpired from leaves, can create firebrandsthat engulf the thesis, tree crowns ahead of the firefront. This makes crown fires very dangerousand difficult to control. As the map shows, bushfires usually occurin the less arid parts of Australia. Aridareas tend not to ese have enough fuel to sustainfires for any length of time. SoutheasternAustralia is particularly subject tobushfires. There are several reasons for this,including the following:1. Large areas are covered with sclerophyll vegetation. A Master Thesis Example. The dominant trees are eucalypts,which have highly flammable oil in theirbranches.

Eucalypts burn readily and canbecome so hot during fires that their sap boilsand the whole tree or shrub can explode inflames. Thesis. This is not a problem for the plantspecies as most eucalypt varieties burn hotand fast as a means of a master releasing seeds onto thefire-cleared ground. Some burnt trees simplysend up new shoots from my favorite essay their stumps or rootsand grow to full-size trees again. 2. Thesis. The area is also subject to prolonged periods ofbelow average rainfall and droughts. Many ofthe most severe bushfires have occurredduring droughts and El NiA?A±o events.

Bushfiresand drought often occur together. 3. South-eastern Australia is also subject toheatwaves and strong northerly winds duringthe summer months. Two or three days ofheatwave weather can often provide conditionssuitable for stabilizers research papers bushfires to occur. Bushfires can bring massive destruction, loss oflife and personal hardship to families and communities. Individuals, community-based groupsand governments have responded to this hazardin many ways. A Master. There are over 70 000 individuals who are volunteermembers of saterical bushfire brigades. They domost of the fighting of bushfires. During times ofsevere bushfires they can be on duty for days at atime, sometimes facing extreme danger.

Theymake a highly significant contribution to a master thesis example makingour communities safer. The government has set up many agenciesthat work to protect the community when bush-fires occur. These include A?A®re brigades, police andambulance services, welfare agencies and theState Emergency Service. Of Malta. Governments can provideemergency financial assistance in a master example severebushfires. The Bureau of Meteorology providesshort- and long-term weather forecasts to warnof bushfire dangers. An essay on bushfires as natural hazards. (2008, July 03).

In WriteWork.com. Retrieved 05:48, October 05, 2017, from http://www.writework.com/essay/essay-bushfires-natural-hazards. WriteWork contributors. An essay on bushfires as natural hazards WriteWork.com. WriteWork.com, 03 July, 2008. Web. 05 Oct. Yoghurt Research Papers. 2017. WriteWork contributors, An essay on a master, bushfires as natural hazards, WriteWork.com, http://www.writework.com/essay/essay-bushfires-natural-hazards (accessed October 05, 2017)

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essay on man theme Pope wrote his Essay on thesis, Man in rhyming verse. Certainly today, we think anybody that writes poetry is one who is a bit odd, to say the saterical essays least. Back in thesis, the eighteenth century, it was not so strange. Tamil For School Children! Pope stated that he had two reasons for writing his essay in such a manner. First, he thought that principles, maxims, or precepts so written, both strike the reader more strongly at first, and are more easily retained by him afterwards. The second reason that Pope gave is that he thought that he could express himself more shortly this way than in prose itself. I here make comments about the thesis expressions and thoughts of Pope in thesis of malta, his essay. I have quoted at length from his essay. Certainly there is much I have left out, because, likely, certain verses referred to events, persons and things of the early eighteenth century which, quite frankly, I am unfamiliar with. Spattered throughout Pope's work are references to thesis, God and His great domain.

Such references in the writings out of the essay george maude eighteenth century are not strange. The livelihood of writers, by thesis example, and large -- as was with the case of tamil, all artists back then -- depended almost entirely on the generosity of thesis, church and state, so it was necessary in those days that writers give due regard to religious authority. Believing that if Pope were looking over my shoulder he would have no objection, I have left out religious epaulets. Within the hobby essay first few lines, we see Pope wondering about the a master example fruitlessness of life. We have no choice: we come to it, look out and then die. What we see as we look out on the scene of man is a mighty maze!

But Pope does not think this complex of existence is without a plan. Essay Like Nephew! Man might sort through the maze because he has a marvelous mental faculty, that of reason; man can determine the nature of the world in which he lives; he can see that all things have bearings, ties and strong connections and nice dependencies. He, who thro' vast immensity can pierce, See worlds on a master example, worlds compose one universe, Observe how system into like george maude, system runs, What other planets circle other suns, Look'd thro'? or can a part contain the whole?

Is the great chain that draws all to agree, - And, drawn, supports - upheld by God or thee? In his next stanza, Pope makes reference to a master thesis example, presumptuous man! Why should one be disturbed because he cannot immediately figure out all of the mysteries with which he is presented? It cannot be expected that one part of saterical essays, existence (man) should understand all the other parts, he then continues: As of thy mother Earth, why oaks are made. Taller or stronger than the example weeds they shade. And all that rises, rise in due degree; Then, in the sale of reas'ning life, 'tis plain. There must be, somewhere, such a rank as Man. When the dull ox, why now he breaks the clod, Is now a victim, and now Egypt's god, - Then say not Man's imperfect, Heav'n in saterical, fault, - Say rather Man's as perfect as he ought:

His knowledge measur'd to his state and place, His time a moment, and a master a point his space. Pope continues with this theme into his third stanza, in saying Heav'n from all creatures hides the book of fate, and continues: The lamb thy riot dooms to bleed to-day, Had he thy reason, would he skip and play? Pleas'd to do your essay, the last he crops the flow'ry food, And licks the hand just rais'd to shed his blood. Who sees with equal eye, as God of a master thesis, all,

A hero perish, or a sparrow fall, Atoms or systems into do your essay ese, ruin hurl'd, And now a bubble burst, and now a world. Then giving way to a master thesis, his religious bent, makes reference to the great teacher Death and tamil essays for school continues with his most famous lines: Hope springs eternal in the human breast; Man never is, but always to be blest: The soul uneasy and confin'd from home, Rest and a master example expatiates in essays children, a life to come. Next, Pope deals with native people of the uncivilized territories of the world, and how they do not get hung up on such large questions as are expressed in Pope's essay: Lo, the poor Indian! whose untutor'd mind. Sees God in thesis example, clouds, or hears him in the wind; His soul proud Science never taught to stray. Far as the solar walk or milky way;

Yet simple Nature to his hope has giv'n, Behind the cloud-topp'd hill, a humbler heav'n; Some safer world in depth of woods embrac'd, Some happier island in essays, the wat'ry waste, Where slaves once more their native land behold, No fiends torment, no Christians thirst for gold! To be, contents his natural desire; He asks no angel's wing, no seraph's fire: But things, admitted to a master, that equal sky, His faithful dog shall bear him company.

Next, we see Pope start to develop the theme that runs throughout his essay; man is part of a larger setting, a part of nature. Man depends on nature for his very substance, and yet, treats her roughly. Destroy all creatures for thy sport or gust, Yet cry, if Man's unhappy, God's unjust; Ask for what end the heav'nly bodies shine, Earth for essay like george, whose use, Pride answers, 'Tis for mine! For me kind Nature wakes her genial pow'r, Suckles each herb and spreads out ev'ry flow'r; Pope asserts that man is a master thesis example, ruled from within, by his reason and by his passion.

Better for us, perhaps, it might appear, Were there are harmony, all virtue here; That never air or ocean felt the wind; That never passion discompos'd the mind. But all subsists by elemental strife; And passions are the tamil essays children elements of a master example, life. The gen'ral Order since the whole began. Is kept in Nature, and is kept in Man. Passion may be equated to essays children, instinct; and instinct is the sole guide of animals.

Instinct is thesis example, all that animals need as evolution has fitted each animal to his home environment, unlike man who is in want of the strength of my favorite hobby, bulls, the fur of bears. Here with degrees of swiftness, there of force: All in exact proportion to the state; Nothing to add, and nothing to abate. Each beast, each insect, happy in its own:

Is Heav'n unkind to Man, and Man alone? Shall he alone, whom rational we call, Be pleas'd with nothing, if not bless'd with all? Again, Pope emphasizes how nature all good and wise. and a master example what it gives, and what denies has perfected itself and many of its creations: The spider's tough how exquisitely fine! Feels at each thread, and lives along the line: In the my favorite hobby essay nice bee, what sense so subtly true. From pois'nous herbs extracts the healing dew? In nature, we find life in a master thesis, a complete variety, - vast chain of being everything beast, bird, fish, insect. Or in hobby essay, the full creation leave a void, Where, one step broken, the great scale's destroy'd: From Nature's chain whatever link you strike,

Tenth or ten thousandth, breaks the example chain alike. The point, I think, is research papers, that there is a fearful balance of nature in thesis, all its variety, and we dare not destroy one aspect of nature for fear of destroying the whole. Do Your Essay! All this dread order break - for whom? for thee? Vile worm! - oh madness! pride! impiety! In the last line of Pope's first epistle, he bangs home the importance of the ruling mind of nature, that while some parts might seem to a master thesis, us to be absurd, it is part of the general frame that all of nature, including ourselves, are but parts of one stupendous whole. This whole body of nature is through all life and extends throughout all of the universe and my favorite essay operates unspent. A Master Example! Pope concludes his first epistle: Safe in do your ese, the hand of one disposing Pow'r, Or in thesis example, the natal, or the mortal hour.

All Nature is but Art, unknown to thee; All chance, direction, which thou canst not see. All discord, harmony not understood, All partial evil, universal good: And, spite of pride, in erring reason's spite, One truth is clear, whatever is, is right. Pope opens his second Epistle much the same as he opened his first. What is the my favorite function of man, positioned as he is somewhere between a god and a beast. Man, during that brief interlude between birth and death, experiences a chaos of thought and passion, all confus'd.

He finds on earth the Great lord of all things, yet a prey to all. Man's function, Pope concludes, is to make a proper study of mankind ; man is to know himself. What man will come to know is that he is ruled by a master thesis, passion; passion is the ruler and essays reason it's counsellor. Alas what wonder! Man's superior part. Uncheck'd may rise and climb from art to a master thesis, art; But when his own great work is but begun, What Reason weaves, by Passion is undone.

It is in the nature of man to first serve himself; but, on stabilizers research papers, account of reason, to do so with the long range in view. Example! Two Principles in human nature reign; Self-love, to urge, and saterical essays Reason, to restrain; Self-love still stronger, as its objects nigh; Reason's at a master, distance, and in prospect lie: A person is driven by passion, driven by his desire for pleasure; temptation is tamil, strong and passion is thicker than arguments. However, a person soon learns through bitter experience that one cannot let his or her passions run wild. Attention, habit and a master thesis experience gains; Each strengthens Reason, and university Self-love restrains.

Self-love and Reason to one end aspire, Pain their aversion, Pleasure their desire, Pleasure, or wrong or rightly understood, Our greatest evil, or our greatest good. Passions, tho' selfish, if their means be fair,

List under reason, and a master thesis deserve her care. On life's vast ocean diversely we sail, Reason the card, but passion is the gale;2. Love, Hope, and Joy, fair Pleasure's smiling train, Hate, Fear, and Grief, the family of Pain,

These mix'd with art, and to like george maude, due bounds confin'd, Make and maintain the thesis example balance of the mind: Pope's theme is again repeated: the two driving forces of man are his reason and his passion. However, passion is the children king and reason but a weak queen. What can she more than tell us we are fools?

Teach us to mourn our nature, not to a master thesis example, mend. A sharp accuser but a helpless friend! Reason (th' Eternal Art, educing good from ill) is not a guide but a guard. Passion is the children mightier pow'r. Envy, Pope points out as an aside, is a master thesis example, something that can be possessed only by those who are learn'd or brave. Ambition: can destroy or save, and makes a patriot as it makes a knave.

With Pope's thoughts, it soon becomes clear one should not necessarily consider that envy and essay ambition are in themselves wrong. They are moving forces in a person and if properly guided, can serve a person well. A Master Thesis Example! As, in some well-wrought picture, light and shade. And oft so mix, the diff'rence is too nice, Where ends the do your essay ese virtue, or begins the vice. And virtuous and vicious ev'ry man must be, Few in the extreme, but all in the degree; Each person is driven by self-love, but on the same occasion each on the other to thesis example, depend, a master, or a servant, or a friend, bids each on other for tamil essays for school, assistance call. Each person seeks his own happiness, seeks his own contentment; each is proud in a master thesis example, what he or she has achieved, no matter what another person might think of saterical essays, those achievements. Whate'er the passions, knowledge, fame, or pelf,

Not one will change is neighbour with himself. The learn'd is happy nature to explore, The fool is happy that he knows no more; The rich is happy in the plenty given, The poor contents him with the care of Heaven, See the blind beggar dance, the a master cripple sing. The sot a hero, lunatic a king;

The starving chemist in his golden views. Supremely bless'd, the poet in his Muse. None of us should be critical of another person's choice in life, who is to know it is right. Behold the child, by nature's kindly law, Pleased with a rattle, tickled with a straw: Some livelier plaything give his youth delight, A little louder, but as empty quite: Scarfs, garters, gold, amuse his riper stage, And beads and prayer-books are the essay nephew toys of age: Pleased with this bauble still, as that before,

Till tired he sleeps, and life's poor play is o'er. Pope returns, in his third Epistle, to a master thesis, his ever present theme, all is natural in nature and my favorite hobby essay man is a part of thesis, nature. He first observes how plastic nature is, how everything is dependant on one and the other, is attracted to saterical essays, one and the other, down even to single atoms. Everything it's neighbour to embrace. (While Pope did not do so, he might just as easily have observed that things in nature repel one another, equally so. All things, in the final analysis, are held in the balance, suspended, so it seems, between the two great forces of attraction and repulsion.) All forms that perish other forms supply, (By turns we catch the vital breath, and die) Like bubbles on the sea a matter borne, They rise, they break, and to that sea return. Nothing is foreign; parts relate to whole: Then, Pope picks up once again his theme of the ruling principles, reason and passion.

Here in his third Epistle, he refers to instinct as the unerring guide that reason often fails us, though sometimes serves when press'd. But honest instinct comes a volunteer, Sure never to o'ershoot, but just to hit, While still to wide or short is human wit; Sure by quick nature happiness to a master, gain, Which heavier reason labour at in vain. Instinct can be seen at nephew george, work throughout nature, for example, Who make the a master thesis spider parallels design . without rule or line? Not just the spider does things by instinct, man does.

The obvious example is his artistic work, but our instincts serve us on a much broader range. Think! And you will wonder about yoghurt research papers many of the daily things that are done, automatically it seems. What, exactly, is it that prompts us to do things. Who calls the council, states the a master example certain day,

Who forms the phalanx, and saterical who points the way? Pope then comes to a master thesis, a rather critical passage in his essay, when he deals with family units in the animal kingdom versus human beings. The fact of the do your matter is, family units do not count for much in the animal kingdom, at any rate, not for long. However, family connections for human beings extend over a long period, indeed, over a lifetime. A Master! I would observe that it is an evolutionary development, needed because of the long time required before a child passes into adulthood. Thesis Of Malta! These family feelings are important for the development and cohesion of the family, but not necessarily good when extended to thesis, the larger group, society as a whole (this is a theme that I have developed elsewhere (EconEcon.doc) and which someday I hope to put up on like nephew, the 'net.). Thus beast and bird their common charge attend, The mothers nurse it, and the sires defend:

The young dismiss'd to wander earth or air, There stops the instinct, and there ends the thesis example care; The link dissolves, each seeks a fresh embrace, Another love succeeds, another race. A longer care man's helpless kind demands; That longer care contracts more lasting bands: Reflection, reason, still the ties improve, At one extend the interest, and do your the love;

With choice we fix, with sympathy we burn; Each virtue in each passion takes its turn; And still new needs, new helps, new habits rise. That graft benevolence on charities. Still as one brood, and as another rose, These natural love maintain'd, habitual those: The last, scarce ripen'd into perfect man,

Saw helpless from him whom their life began: Memory and thesis example forecast just returns engage; That pointed back to youth, this on to age; While pleasure, gratitude, and hope, combined, Still spread the interest, and preserved the kind.

Pope then, continuing with his third Epistle, returns to yoghurt stabilizers, his principle and the power of nature. Nature is a driving gale, a fact which can be observed in example, the voice of nature and which we can learn from the birds and yoghurt stabilizers the beasts. It was the power of nature that built the ant's republic and the realm of a master example, bees. Pope observes anarchy without confusion. Their separate cells and properties maintain. Mark what unvaried laws preserve each state;- Laws wise as nature, and research as fix'd as fate. In vain thy reason finer webs shall draw; Entangle justice in her net of a master thesis example, law; And right, too rigid, harden into wrong,

Still for the strong too weak, the ese weak too strong. Yet go! and a master thesis thus o'er all the creatures sway; Thus let the wiser make the my favorite hobby rest obey; And for thesis, those arts mere instinct could afford, Be crown'd as monarchs, or as gods adored. It is the same voice of nature by which men evolved and cities were built, societies were made.

That while men in the gradual and slow build-up ravished one another with war, it was commerce that brought about civilization. Men came to new countries with war-like intentions, but soon became friends when they realized there was much more profit in trade. When love was liberty, and nature law: Thus states were form'd; the name of king unknown, Till common interest placed the essays for school children sway in one.

'Twas Virtue only, or in arts or arms, So, it was trade that built civilizations, and Pope observes, that it was tradition that preserves them. Convey'd unbroken faith from sire to son; The worker from the work distinct was known, Then, continuing in this historical vein, Pope deals with the development of government and of laws. So drives self-love, through just and through unjust. To one man's power, ambition, lucre, lust: The same self-love, in all, becomes the cause.

Of what restrains him, government and a master thesis laws: For, what one likes if others like as well, What serves one will, when many wills rebel? How shall we keep, what, sleeping or awake, A weaker may surprise, a stronger take?

His safety must his liberty restrain: All join to guard what each desires to gain. Forced into virtue thus by self-defence, Ev'n kings learn'd justice and benevolence: Self-love forsook the path it first pursued, And found the my favorite private in the public good.

'Twas then, the studious head or generous mind, Follower of God or friend of human-kind, Poet or patriot, rose but to restore. The faith and a master example moral Nature gave before; Relumed her ancient light, not kindled new; If not God's image, yet his shadow drew; Taught power's due use to people and to kings; Taught not to slack nor strain its tender strings;

The less or greater set so justly true, That touching one must strike the other too; Till jarring int'rests of themselves create. Th' according music of a well-mix'd state. Such is the world's great harmony, that springs. From order, union, full consent of things: Where small and great, where weak and saterical essays mighty made. To serve, not suffer, strengthen, not invade;

More pow'rful each as needful to the rest, And in proportion as it blesses, blest; Draw to one point, and to a master example, one centre bring. Beast, man, or angel, servant, lord, or king. Pope makes a side observation that while government is necessary, its form is of less importance, what is important, is a good administration: For forms of government let fools contest; Whate'er is best administer'd is best:

Pope then concludes in his third Epistle, emphasizing that regard for oneself and essay his family has to a master example, be different than regard for the whole of society, that nature link'd the gen'ral frame and bade self-love and social be the same. In his last Epistle on stabilizers papers, the Essay of Man, Pope deals with the subject of a master, happiness. It may be any one of a number of things, it depends on the person: good, pleasure, ease, content! whatever thy name. That happiness as a plant of celestial seed will grow, and if it doesn't, one should not blame the soil, but rather the way one tends the soil. Though man may well seek happiness in many quarters, it will only be found in nature. Man should avoid extremes. Hobby Essay! He should not go about in life trusting everything, but on the same occasion neither should he be a total skeptic. Take Nature's path, and made Opinion's leave; All states can reach it and all heads conceive;

Obvious her goods, in thesis example, no extreme they dwell; There needs but thinking right, and do your meaning well; And mourn our various portions as we please, Equal is common sense, and common ease. To Pope, pleasure does not last, it sicken, and all glories sink. To each person comes his or her share and thesis who would more obtain, Shall find the pleasure pays not half the pain.

To be rich, to be wise: these are both laudable goals and a person looking about will always be able to find others who have riches and wisdom in varying degrees, but it cannot be concluded to thesis of malta, any degree that they are happy. A Master! Happiness comes when one has health, peace, and competence. Tamil Essays! It is thesis example, not clear to me from Pope's lines how one might secure peace and essay competence; health, he says, consists with temperance alone. It is in the nature of man to attempt to change things; he is a master, never happy with things as he finds them; never happy with his fellow man; never happy with the world about him. Stabilizers! We forever strive to make things perfect, a state that can hardly be define in human terms.

Those that reflect on man's condition will soon have Utopian dreams. But still this world, so fitted for the knave, Contents us not. A better shall we have? A kingdom of the just then let it be:

But first consider how those just agree. The good must merit God's peculiar care; But who but God can tell us who they are? It all too often appears to us that virtue starves, while vice is fed. One might wish for man to a master thesis example, be a God and for earth to be a heaven, both God and heaven coming from the imaginations of man. But, Pope concludes: 'Whatever is, is right.' -- This world, 'tis true. Essays! Of fame, Pope says, it is but a fancied life in others' breath . All that we feel of it begins and ends in the small circle of a master, our foes and university of malta friends . Thesis! It will get you nothing but a crowd of stupid starers and of loud huzzas.

Of wisdom, Pope attempts a definition and points out stabilizers, how often the a master thesis wise are bound to trudge alone with neither help nor understanding from his fellow man. Nephew! In parts superior what advantage lies! Tell, for a master thesis, you can, what is it to be wise? 'Tis but to know how little can be known ; To see all others' faults, and feel our own: Condem'd in business or in arts to drudge, Without a second, or without a judge: Truths would you teach, or save a sinking land? All fear, none aid you, and few understand.

And so we arrive at the last of Pope's lines. Show'd erring Pride, WHATEVER IS, IS RIGHT; That Reason, Passion, answer one great aim; That true Self-love and Social are the same . 1 The Poetical Works of Alexander Pope which includes Dr. Do Your Ese! Johnson's 65 page biography on a master thesis, Pope, Essay on essays, Man (31 pp.); Essay on Criticism (17 pp.), Rape of the Lock (19 pp.), The Dunciad (31 pp.). A Master! My vintage copy has within it two frontispiece Steel Engravings (Philadelphia: Hazard, 1857).

2 Here, again, we see Pope refer to the analogy of the sailing ship on the sea finding its way only with compass (card) for direction and the wind in george, the sails to drive the vessel along.