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Best Resume Examples for a Variety of Jobs. Jamaica Essay England? Do you need to write a resume? Knowing how to start can be the biggest challenge and my dream vacation paris essay looking at examples can be very helpful. The following samples are among the jamaica essay best resumes and you can use them as a starting point for famous admissions, creating your own resume. They vary greatly in skill level, profession and format and are filled with inspiration. Take notes as you browse the examples, this will help you remember what you like and jamaica kincaid dislike and famous college admissions which elements you want to jamaica essay england, include when you begin writing your own. The first step to writing for 8th graders, writing a great resume is to choose the best type of resume for your work history, experience and jamaica kincaid the jobs you#39;re applying for. Browse these examples to get a sense of writing for 8th, your options before choosing the right format for jamaica kincaid essay england, you. Chronological Resume - A very traditional resume format that focuses on your work experience and essay in india lists previous jobs in order. Jamaica Essay England? Functional Resume - Focus on your skills and essays expertise with a minor emphasis on the companies you worked for. Combination Resume - Combine the kincaid england elements of chronological and functional resumes to highlight both your skills and on superstitions in india previous employment.
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Include volunteer work and writing for 8th graders accomplishments at school in kincaid england your resume and commonwealth society use these examples to learn how to essay england, feature them. Employers understand that you are young and of knowledge looking to kincaid essay, add to your experience, so give them as much as you can that shows you#39;ll be a valuable employee.
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Iago#039;s Alter Ego: Race as Projection in Othello - Essay. Janet Adelman, University of California, Berkeley. Othello famously begins not with Othello but with Iago. Other tragedies begin with ancillary figures commenting on the character who will turn out to be at the center of the jamaica kincaid tragedy—one thinks of Lear, Macbeth, Antony and Cleopatra —but no other play subjects its ostensibly tragic hero to so long and intensive a debunking before he even sets foot onstage. And the for 8th graders audience is inevitably complicit in this debunking: before we meet Othello, we are utterly dependent on Iago's and kincaid essay england Roderigo's descriptions of him. For the in india first long minutes of the play, we know only jamaica kincaid england that the my dream Moor, the thicklips (1.1.66), 1 has done something that Roderigo (like the audience) feels he should have been told about before-hand; we find out what it is for the first time only through Iago's violently eroticizing and racializing report to jamaica kincaid essay, Brabantio: Even now, very now, an old black ram / Is tupping your white ewe (11. 88-89). 2.
At this point in my teaching of the play, I normally point to all the ways in which Othello belies Iago's description as soon as he appears; in the classroom my reading of race in Othello turns on this contrast as Shakespeare's way of denaturalizing the tropes of race, so that we are made to understand Othello not as the natural embodiment of Iago's old black ram gone insanely jealous but as the victim of the racist ideology everywhere visible in advertisement, Venice, an ideology to which he is relentlessly subjected and which increasingly comes to define him as he internalizes it—internalizes it so fully that, searching for jamaica kincaid essay england a metaphor to convey his sense of the soil attaching both to his name and to Desdemona's body, Othello can come up with no term of comparison other than his own face (My name, that was as fresh / As Dian's visage, is now begrim'd, and black / As mine own face [3.3.392-94]). 3 Othello's discovering that his blackness is a stain—a stain specifically associated with his sexuality—and discovering that stain on Desdemona are virtually simultaneous for him; hence the metaphoric transformation of descartes theory Dian's visage into his own begrimed face. If Desdemona becomes a black weed (4.2.69) 4 for Othello, her blackening is a kind of shorthand for his sense that his blackness has in jamaica kincaid england, fact contaminated her; as many have argued, his quickness to believe her always-already contaminated is in part a function of his horrified recoil from of compare and contrast, his suspicion that he is the contaminating agent. 5. In other words, in the classroom I usually read race in Othello through what I take to jamaica kincaid, be the play's representation of Othello's experience of race as it comes to dominate his sense of essay himself as polluted and polluting, undeserving of Desdemona and essay england hence quick to believe her unfaithful.
But although the play locates Othello in essay writing graders, a deeply racist society, the sense of pollution attaching to blackness comes first of jamaica essay all (for the audience if not for Othello) from Iago; though Iago needed Brabantio to society 2010 winners, convince Othello of Desdemona's tendency to deception and the disproportion of jamaica kincaid essay england Othello as her marriage choice, Iago legitimizes and intensifies Brabantio's racism through his initial sexualizing and royal commonwealth winners racializing invocation of Othello. And if the play offers us a rich representation of the effects of racism on Othello, it offers us an equally rich—and in some ways more disturbing—representation of the function of Othello's race for Iago. I offer the following reading of that representation as a thought-experiment with two aims: first, to test out the jamaica kincaid essay england applicability of psychoanalytic theory—especially Kleinian theory—to problems of race, an arena in royal essay 2010, which its applicability is often questioned; and, second, to identify some of the jamaica essay england ways in which racism is the psychic property (and rightly the concern) of the racist, not simply of his victim. Iago erupts out of the paris essay night (this play, like Hamlet, begins in palpable darkness), as though he were a condensation of its properties. Marking himself as opposite to light through his demonic I am not what I am, Iago calls forth a world, I will argue, in which he can see his own darkness localized and reflected in Othello's blackness, or rather in what he makes—and teaches Othello to make—of Othello's blackness. Iago's voice inducts us into the play: long before Othello has a name, much less a voice, of his own, Iago has a distinctive I. The matter of Othello, and kincaid satisfaction of the audience's urgent curiosity about what exactly Roderigo has just learned, are deferred until after we have heard Iago's catalogue of injuries to that I (I know my price, I am worth no worse a place [1.1.11]; And I, of whom his eyes had seen the proof, . Advertisement? . . must be lee'd, and calm'd [11. 28-30]; And I, God bless the mark, his worship's ancient [1. Jamaica Kincaid England? 33]). Iago's I beats through the dialogue with obsessive insistence, claiming both self-sufficiency (I follow but myself [1. Descriptive Essay? 58]) and self-division, defining itself by what it is not (Were I the Moor, I would not be Iago [1. 57]), in jamaica essay england, fact simultaneously proclaiming its existence and vacation essay nonexistence: I am not what I am (1.
65). I, I, I: Iago's name unfolds from the Italian io, Latin ego; and the injured I is his signature, the ground of his being and the ground, I will argue, of the play. Jamaica Kincaid? For Iago calls up the action of the play as though in response to this sense of injury: Call up her father, . . . poison his delight (11. 67-68), he says, like a stage manager, or like a magician calling forth spirits to perform his will; and with his words, the my dream vacation paris action begins. The structure of the first scene models Iago's relation to the world that he calls up, for the play proper seems to arise out of Iago's injured I: it is not only kincaid essay set in essay in india, motion by Iago's I but becomes in effect a projection of it, as Iago successfully attempts to rid himself of interior pain by replicating it in Othello. Othello—and particularly in relation to Desdemona—becomes Iago's primary target in england, part because Othello has the presence, the fullness of descriptive advertisement being, that Iago lacks. Jamaica Kincaid? 6 Othello is everywhere associated with the kind of interior solidity and wholeness that stands as a reproach to Iago's interior emptiness and fragmentation: if Iago takes Janus as his patron saint (1.2.33) and royal competition 2010 winners repeatedly announces his affiliation with nothingness (I am not what I am; I am nothing, if not critical [2.1.119]), Othello is initially all in all sufficient (4.1.261), a full soldier (2.1.36), whose solid virtue (4.1.262) and jamaica essay england perfect soul (1.2.31) allow him to achieve the full fortune (1.1.66) of of compare and contrast possessing Desdemona. Tell me what you need to spoil and I will tell you what you want, says Adam Phillips: 7 the extent to which Othello's fullness and solidity are the object of Iago's envy can be gauged by the extent to which he works to replicate his own self-division in Othello.
Split himself, Iago is a master at splitting others: his seduction of Othello works by jamaica kincaid essay england inscribing in Othello the sense of dangerous interior spaces—thoughts that cannot be known, monsters in essays of compare and contrast, the mind—which Othello seems to lack, introducing him to jamaica kincaid essay england, the world of self-alienation that Iago inhabits; 8 by descriptive essay advertisement the end, Othello is so self-divided that he can take arms against himself, Christian against Turk, literalizing self-division by splitting himself graphically down the middle. Jamaica Kincaid Essay England? 9 Though Iago is not there to see his victory, we might imagine him as invisible commentator, saying in essays, effect, Look, he is kincaid england not all-in-all sufficient, self-sustaining and full; he is as self-divided as I am. 10. To shatter the illusion of Othello's fullness and presence is also to shatter the illusion of his erotic power; his division from himself is descriptive essay first of all his division from Desdemona and from the fair portion of himself invested in kincaid, her. If Cassio is any indication, that erotic power is heavily idealized by of compare and contrast the Italians: Great Jove, Othello guard, And swell his sail with thine own powerful.
That he may bless this bay with his tall ship, Make love's quick pants in jamaica, Desdemona's arms. Give renew'd fire to on superstitions, our extincted spirits. . . . But for Iago it is jamaica essay england intolerable: what begins as a means to theory of knowledge essay, an end (Iago creates Othello's suspicions about Desdemona to essay england, discredit Cassio in order to replace him as lieutenant) increasingly becomes an end in itself, as Iago drives Othello toward a murderous reenactment of my dream essay sexual union on the marriage bed, even though that reenactment will make Othello incapable of bestowing the position Iago initially seeks. The thrust of his plot toward the marriage bed, even at the cost of his own ambition, suggests that what Iago needs to spoil is on that bed: the fullness and presence signified by kincaid essay Othello's possession of Desdemona, the sexual union that reminds him of his own extincted spirits. For Iago's own erotic life takes place only in his head; though he seems to imagine a series of erotic objects—Desdemona (11. 286-89), Cassio (3.3.419-32), and Othello himself (in the coded language—the lustful Moor / Hath leap'd into my seat [2.1.290-91]—that makes cuckoldry an anal invasion of Iago's own body)—he imagines them less as realizable erotic objects than as mental counters in his revenge plot, and descriptive advertisement he imagines them only in sexual unions (Othello with Desdemona, Othello with Emilia, Cassio with Desdemona, Cassio with Emilia) that everywhere exclude and diminish him. And in response, he effectively neutralizes the erotic potency that mocks his own lack. His primary tool in this neutralization is the creation of Othello as black: and in fact it is Othello as progenitor that first excites Iago's racializing rage. His first use of the language of black and white is in his call to Brabantio: An old black ram / Is tupping your white ewe. If Cassio needs to make Othello into jamaica essay england an exotic super-phallus, capable of restoring Italian potency, Iago needs to of knowledge, make him into a black monster, invading the jamaica kincaid essay citadel of whiteness. (The idealization and the debasement are of course two sides of the same coin, and they are equally damaging to Othello: both use him only as the container for white fantasies, whether of desire or fear.) Your white ewe/you: Iago's half-pun invokes the whiteness of his auditors via the image of descriptive essay advertisement Othello's contaminating miscegenation; 12 true to form in racist discourse, whiteness emerges as a category only when it is imagined as threatened by its opposite.
Iago's language here works through separation, works by placing blackness outside of essay england whiteness even as it provokes terror at the thought of of compare and contrast their mixture. But the play has already affiliated Iago himself with darkness and the demonic; the jamaica kincaid essay threat of a contaminating blackness is already there, already present inside the whiteness he would invoke. Descartes Theory Essay? Iago creates Othello as black—and therefore himself as white—when he constructs him as monstrous progenitor; and he uses that racialized blackness to destroy what he cannot tolerate. But the trope through which Iago imagines that destruction makes Iago himself into kincaid england the monstrous progenitor, filled with a dark conception that only darkness can bring forth: I ha't, it is engender'd, he tells us; Hell and night / Must bring this monstrous birth to the world's light (1.3.401-2). This trope makes the blackness Iago would attribute to Othello—like his monstrous generativity—something already inside Iago himself, something that he must project out into the world: as though Iago were pregnant with the monster he makes of and contrast Othello. Jamaica? 13. If the structure of the first scene predicts the process through which Iago becomes the society essay competition winners progenitor of kincaid Othello's racialized blackness, the trope of the monstrous birth in the first act's final lines perfectly anticipates the mechanism of projection through which Iago will come to use Othello's black skin as the container for his own interior blackness. Cassio uses Othello as the locus for fantasies of inseminating sexual renewal; Iago uses him as the repository for his own bodily insufficiency and his self-disgust. For Iago needs the blackness of others: even the and contrast white ewe Desdemona is blackened in jamaica essay england, his imagination as he turns her virtue into pitch (2.3.351).
How are we to understand Iago's impulse to essays, blacken, the impulse for which Othello becomes the perfect vehicle? What does it mean to take another person's body as the kincaid england receptacle for one's own contents? The text gives us, I think, a very exact account of writing graders what I've come to call the psycho-physiology of Iago's projection: that is, not simply an account of the psychological processes themselves but also an account of the fantasized bodily processes that underlie them. Projection is in its own way comfortingly abstract; by invoking the body behind the abstraction, Othello in jamaica kincaid, effect rubs our noses in it. 14. Let me begin, then, by essay in india thinking about the way Iago thinks about bodies, especially about the insides of bodies. For Iago is the play's spokesman for the idea of the inside, the kincaid essay hidden away.
At the beginning of his seduction of Othello, he defends the privacy of his thought by asking where's that palace, whereinto foul things / Sometimes intrude not? (3.3.141-42); no palace is impregnable, no inside uncontaminated. Characteristically, Othello takes this image and makes it his own, reinscribing it in his later anatomy of Desdemona as a cistern, for foul toads / To knot and advertisement gender in (4.2.62-63). But merely by kincaid essay insisting on my dream essay, the hidden inwardness of thought, Iago has already succeeded in causing Othello to conflate the jamaica essay hidden with the hideous, as though that which is inside, invisible, must inevitably be monstrous (he echoes me, / As if there were some monster in his thought, / Too hideous to be shown [3.3.110-12]). Essays Of Compare? 15 According to kincaid, this logic, the case against Desdemona is complete as soon as Iago can insinuate that she, too, has—psychically and anatomically—an inside, unknowable and monstrous because it is inside, unseen. If Iago succeeds in transferring his own sense of descartes of knowledge essay hidden contamination to Desdemona, localizing it in her body, the sense of the hideous thing within—monstrous birth or foul intruder—begins with him. Seen from this vantage point, his initial alarum to Brabantio (Look to your house, your daughter, and your bags. . . . Are all doors lock'd? [1.1.80, 85]) looks less like a description of kincaid essay england danger to Brabantio or Desdemona than like a description of danger to paris, Iago himself. Kincaid Essay England? For Iago finds—or creates—in Brabantio's house the perfect analogue for his own sense of vulnerability to intrusion, and he can make of society 2010 winners Othello the perfect analogue for the intrusive foul thing, the old black ram who is tupping your white ewe/you—or, as we later find out, tupping Iago himself in Iago's fantasy, and leaving behind a poisonous residue (I do suspect the lustful Moor / Hath leap'd into my seat, the thought whereof / Doth like a poisonous mineral gnaw my inwards [2.1.290-92]). But even the image of the body as a breached and contaminated palace suggests rather more interior structure than most of kincaid england Iago's other images for the body. Again and again Iago imagines the body filled with liquid putrefaction, with contents that can and should be vomited out or excreted. Royal Commonwealth Essay 2010 Winners? The three fingers Cassio kisses in show of jamaica kincaid essay england courtesy to Desdemona should be clyster-pipes for descriptive essay advertisement his sake (1.
176), Iago says; through the bizarre reworking of Iago's fantasy, Cassio's fingers are transformed into enema tubes, an imagistic transformation that violently brings together not only lips and faeces, mouth, vagina, and anus, but also digital, phallic, and emetic penetration of a body—Desdemona's? Cassio's?—imagined only essay england as a container for faeces. Early in the play, poor Roderigo is a sick fool . . . Whom love has turn'd almost the wrong side outward (2.3.47-48); by the end, he is vacation paris essay a quat rubbed almost to the sense (5.1.11), that is, a pus-filled pimple about to break. The congruence of these images suggests that Roderigo becomes a quat for kincaid essay Iago because he can't keep his insides from running out: the love that has almost turned him inside out is here refigured as pus that threatens to break through the surface of his body. Essay? In Iago's fantasy of the body, what is inside does not need to be contaminated by a foul intruder because it is already pus or faeces; in fact, anything brought into this interior will be contaminated by it. Iago cannot imagine ordinary eating, in which matter is taken in for the body's nourishment; any good object taken in will be violently transformed and violently expelled.
When he is done with her, Iago tells us, Othello will excrete Desdemona (The food that to him now is as luscious as locusts, shall be to him shortly as acerb as the coloquintida, an emetic or purgative [1.3.349-50]); when Desdemona is sated with Othello's body (1.351), she will heave the gorge (2.1.231-32). (Poor Emilia has obviously learned from her husband: in jamaica kincaid essay england, her view men are all but stomachs, and we all but food; / They eat us hungerly, and when they are full, / They belch us [3.4.101-3].) Given this image of the body's interior as a mass of undifferentiated and contaminated matter, it's no wonder that Iago propounds the ideal of self-control to Roderigo in the garden metaphor that insists both on the rigid demarcation and differentiation of the body's interior and on its malleability to royal commonwealth essay winners, the exercise of will: . . Kincaid Essay? . 'tis in ourselves, that we are thus, or thus: our bodies are gardens, to essay, the which our wills are gardeners, so that if we will plant nettles, or sow lettuce, set hyssop, and weed up thyme; supply it with one gender of herbs, or distract it with many; either to have it sterile with idleness, or manur'd with industry, why, the power, and jamaica kincaid essay corrigible authority of this, lies in our wills. This is not, presumably, his experience of his own body's interior or of his management of descartes of knowledge essay it; it seems rather a defensive fantasy of an orderly pseudo-Eden, in which man is wholly in control both of the inner processes of his body/garden and of the troublesome business of gender, and woman is wholly absent. 16 His only explicit representation of his body's interior belies this defense: the mere thought that Othello has leaped into his seat (even though he know[s] not if't be true [1. 386]) Doth like a poisonous mineral gnaw [his] inwards. No reassuring gardener with his tidy—or even his untidy—rows here: Iago's inwards are hideously vulnerable, subject to a poisonous penetration. Through an imagistic transformation, Othello as penetrator becomes conflated with the thought that tortures Iago inwardly; Othello thus becomes a toxic object lodged inside him. (The garden passage simultaneously expresses and defends against the homoerotic desire that here makes Othello a poisonous inner object, insofar as it voices a fantasy of supply[ing] the body with one gender rather than distract[ingj it with many. 17 ) What I have earlier called Iago's injured I—his sense that he is chronically slighted and betrayed, his sense of self-division—produces (or perhaps is produced by) fantasies of jamaica his body as penetrated and contaminated, especially by Othello. On Superstitions In India? In fact, any traffic between inner and outer is dangerous for Iago, who needs to jamaica, keep an absolute barrier between them by making his outside opaque, a false sign (1.1.156 and descartes of knowledge essay 157) of his inside; to do less would be to risk being (Roderigolike) turned almost the wrong side outward, to wear [his] heart upon [his] sleeve, / For dawes to peck at jamaica kincaid england, (11. 64-65). 18 To allow himself to be seen or known is tantamount to being stabbed, eaten alive: pecked at from the outside unless he manages to keep the barrier between inner and outer perfectly intact, gnawed from the inside if he lets anyone in.
Iago's need for sadistic control of others (Pleasure, and action, make the hours seem short [2.3.369], he says, after managing Cassio's cashiering) goes in tandem with his extraordinarily vivid sense of vulnerability: unable to be gardener to himself, he will sadistically manage everyone else, simultaneously demonstrating his superiority to society essay competition 2010 winners, those quats whose insides are so sloppily prone to bursting out, and hiding the contamination and chaos of his own insides. Roderigo plays a pivotal role in this process. As the embodiment of what Iago would avoid, Roderigo exists largely to give Iago repeated occasions on which to display his mastery over both self and other: in effect, Iago can load his contaminated insides into Roderigo and then rub him to the sense in order to demonstrate the jamaica kincaid essay england difference between them and, hence, the impermeability of Iago's own insides. Moreover, in managing Roderigo, Iago can continually replenish himself with the descriptive advertisement fantasy of new objects to be taken into the self: objects over which—unlike the essay england thought of Othello, which gnaws at his inwards—he can exert full control. Obsessively—six times in fourteen lines—Iago tells Roderigo to Put money in society competition 2010, thy purse . Kincaid? . . fill thy purse with money (1.3.340, 348).
We know that Iago has received enough jewels and gold from royal society, Roderigo to have half-corrupted a votarist (4.2.189), but we never see Iago taking the miser's or even the spendthrift's ordinary delight in this treasure; detached from any ordinary human motivation, the money accrues almost purely psychic meaning, becoming the sign not of any palpable economic advantage but of Iago's pleasure in being able to empty Roderigo out, to fill himself at will. Put money in thy purse, he repeats insistently, and then adds, Thus do I ever make my fool my purse (1.3.381), as though the emptiedout Roderigo becomes the container that holds the illusion of Iago's fullness. For his repetition signals a compulsive need to jamaica essay england, fill himself with objects in my dream vacation paris, order to compensate for jamaica essay the contamination and chaos inside: hard shiny objects that might be kept safe and might keep the self safe, objects that could magically repair the sense of what the descriptive advertisement self is made of and filled with. Iago's hoarding, his sadism, his references to purgatives and clyster-pipes can be read through the jamaica essay language of classical psychoanalysis as evidence of an anal fixation; in that language the equation of money with faeces is my dream paris familiar enough, as is the association of sadistic control with the anal phase. 19 Iago's obsessive suspicion that Othello has leaped into jamaica kincaid essay his seat, along with his heavily eroticized account of Cassio's dream, similarly lend themselves to a classically psychoanalytic reading of Iago as repressed homosexual. 20 While these readings are not wrong within their own terms, they nonetheless seem to me limited, and not only insofar as they can be said to assume a historically inaccurate concept of the subject or of the homosexual: 21 limited even within the terms of psychoanalysis insofar as they do not get at either the essays of compare quality of jamaica essay Iago's emotional relationships (his inability to form any kind of libidinal bond, his tendency to treat others as poisonous inner objects) or the my dream paris essay terrifying theatrical seductiveness of the processes of projection that we witness through him. I want consequently to move from the jamaica consideration of libidinal zones and conflicted object choices characteristic of classical psychoanalysis to the areas opened up by the work of essay on superstitions Melanie Klein; a Kleinian reading of essay england Iago will, I think, help us to descartes theory essay, understand the ways in which Iago's imagination of his own interior shapes his object relations as he projects this interior onto the landscape of the kincaid england play. In Klein's account the primitive self is composed in descriptive essay, part of remnants of internalized objects (people, or bits and pieces of people, taken into the self as part of the self's continual negotiation with what an outside observer would call the world) and the world is composed in part of projected bits and jamaica kincaid essay england pieces of the royal society competition 2010 winners self.
Ideally, the good breast is taken in and becomes part of the kincaid ego, and the infant who was first inside the mother now has the descriptive advertisement mother inside himself. 22 Internalization of the good object is the basis for trust in one's own goodness; 23 full identification with a good object goes with a feeling of the self possessing goodness of its own and hence enables the return of goodness to the world: Through processes of projection and introjection, through inner wealth given out and re-introjected, an enrichment and deepening of the ego comes about. . . . Inner wealth derives from having assimilated the good object so that the individual becomes able to jamaica kincaid essay, share its gifts with others. 24 And the corollary is clear: if the infant cannot take in the experience of the good breast (either because of his/her own constitutional conditions or because the experience is not there to be had in a consistent way), the descriptive essay advertisement bad breast may be introjected, with accompanying feelings of one's own internal badness, poverty, poisonousness, one's own inability to give back anything good to the world. But, in the words of Harold Boris, a contemporary post-Kleinian analyst of envy, the jamaica kincaid essay england infant who cannot, sooner or later, feed the hand from commonwealth essay competition 2010, which it feeds . . England? . is the child who will then attempt to bite it. 25 The infant stuck with a depleted or contaminated inner world will, Klein suggests, exist in a peculiar relation to the good breast: even if it is vacation paris essay there and apparently available, the infant may not be able to use it. Kincaid Essay England? For if the infant cannot tolerate either the discrepancy between its own badness and writing for 8th the goodness outside itself or the jamaica kincaid sense of dependency on this external source of goodness, the good breast will not be available for the infant's use: its goodness will in essay writing, effect be spoiled by the infant's own envious rage. Jamaica England? The prototype for Kleinian envy is the hungry baby, experiencing itself as helplessly dependent, empty, or filled only of knowledge essay with badness, confronted with the imagined fullness of essay england a source of goodness outside itself: the first object to vacation paris, be envied is the feeding breast, for jamaica kincaid the infant feels that it possesses everything he desires and that it has an unlimited flow of milk, and love which the breast keeps for its own gratification. 26 Klein's insistence on the priority of the breast as the first object of envy effectively reverses Freud's concept of writing for 8th penis envy; in Klein's account even penis envy becomes secondary, derivative from this earlier prototype.
27 But Klein's concept of envy turns on an even more startling innovation: for jamaica kincaid england most analysts of infantile destructiveness and rage, the source and target is the essay frustrating bad object—a maternal object that doesn't provide enough, is not at the infant's beck and call, provides milk that in jamaica kincaid england, some way is descriptive advertisement felt to be spoiled; but in Klein's reading of england envy, the source and target of rage is not the frustrating or poisonous bad breast but the good breast, and it is exactly its goodness that provokes the rage. Hence the peculiar sensitivity of the envious to the good—and the consequent need not to possess but to destroy it, or, in Klein's terms, to put badness, primarily bad excrement and in india bad parts of the self, into the mother, and first of all into her breast, in order to spoil and destroy her. 28 But the breast so destroyed is of course no longer available to essay england, the child as a source of good: The breast attacked in this way has lost its value, it has become bad by descartes essay being bitten up and kincaid poisoned by commonwealth society competition 2010 winners urine and faeces. 29 Insofar as the infant has succeeded in destroying the good object, he has confirmed its destruction as a source of goodness within himself; hence the peculiarly vicious circle of envy, which destroys all good both in jamaica kincaid essay england, the world and in the self, and hence also its peculiar despair. We do not, of course, need the help of a Kleinian perspective to identify Iago as envious. His willingness to kill Cassio simply because He has a daily beauty in his life, / That makes me ugly (5.1.19-20) marks the extent to royal commonwealth competition 2010 winners, which he is jamaica driven by envy; in an older theatrical tradition he might well have been named Envy. Here, for example, is Envy from Impatient Poverty: A syr is not thys a ioly game . . . Enuy in fayth I am the same . . . I hate conscience, peace loue and reste. Debate and stryfe that loue I beste.
Accordynge to my properte. When a man louethe well hys wyfe. I brynge theym at my dream vacation essay, debate and stryfe. 30. This genealogy does not, however, make Iago a Coleridgean motiveless malignity. For in Iago, Shakespeare gives motiveless malignity a body: incorporating this element of the england morality tradition, he releases through Iago the range of bodily fantasies associated with a specifically Kleinian envy. Klein describes an envy so primal—and so despairing—that it cannot tolerate the existence of essay on superstitions goodness in the world: its whole delight lies not in possessing what is good but in spoiling it. Jamaica Kincaid Essay? And that spoiling takes place in fantasy through a special form of object-relating: through the violent projection of bits of the self and its contaminated objects—often localized as contaminated bodily products—into the good object. For 8th? By means of this projection, the jamaica essay england self succeeds in in india, replicating its own inner world out there and essay england thus in destroying the goodness it cannot tolerate; at the end of the process, in of compare and contrast, the words of one Kleinian analyst, There is kincaid essay england nothing left to envy. Theory? 31 Through the lens of a Kleinian perspective, we can see traces of this process as Iago fills Othello with the poison that fills him.
In Iago's fantasy, as I have suggested, there is no uncontaminated interior space: he can allow no one access to his interior and has to keep it hidden away because it is kincaid essay more a cesspool than a palace or a garden. And there are no uncontaminated inner objects: every intruder is paris essay foul; everything taken in turns to england, pus or faeces or poison; everything swallowed must be vomited out. This sense of inner contamination leaves him—as Klein would predict—particularly subject to advertisement, the sense of jamaica kincaid goodness in others and writing particularly ambivalent toward that goodness. Kincaid? His goal is to make those around him as ugly as he is; but that goal depends on his unusual sensitivity to royal commonwealth society essay 2010, their beauty. Essay? Even after he has managed to bring out the quarrelsome drunkard and class-conscious snob in Cassio, transforming him into a man who clearly enjoys sneaking around to see his general's wife, Iago remains struck by the daily beauty in Cassio's life—at a point when that beauty has become largely invisible to vacation essay, the audience. To Roderigo, Iago always contemptuously denies the goodness of Othello and Desdemona (he is an erring barbarian and essay she a supersubtle Venetian); but in soliloquy he specifically affirms their goodness—and affirms it in order to imagine spoiling it. Othello's free and descriptive essay advertisement open nature he will remake as the essay england stupidity of an ass who can be led by of knowledge essay the nose (1.3.397-400).
He will not only use Desdemona's virtue; he will turn it into pitch, in a near-perfect replication of the jamaica projection of faeces into the good breast that Klein posits. For Iago the desire to spoil always takes precedence over the desire to possess; one need only contrast him with Othello to royal commonwealth competition 2010 winners, see the difference in their relation to good objects. 32 Othello's anguish over the loss of the good object gives the play much of its emotional resonance. He imagines himself as safely enclosed in its garnery, nourished and protected by it, and essay england then cast out: But there, where I have garner'd up my heart, / Where either I must live, or bear no life, / The fountain, from the which my current runs, / Or else dries up, to be discarded thence (4.2.58-61). When he is made to imagine that object as spoiled—a cistern, for foul toads / To knot and gender in—its loss is essays of compare wholly intolerable to him; even at the end, as he kills Desdemona, he is jamaica essay england working very hard to restore some remnant of the good object in her. Although he approaches Desdemona's bed planning to bloody it (Thy bed, lust-stain'd, shall with lust's blood be spotted [5.1.36]), his deepest desire is not to stain but to restore the for 8th graders purity of the good object, rescuing it from contamination, even the contamination he himself has visited upon it. By the time he reaches her bed, he has decided not to shed her blood (5.2.3). Instead he attempts to england, recreate her unviolated wholeness (that whiter skin of hers than snow, / And smooth, as monumental alabaster [11. 4-5]) in a death that he imagines as a revirgination; 33 in fantasy he cleanses the slime / That sticks on filthy deeds, remaking her unmarred and unpenetrated, one entire and perfect chrysolite (11. Of Knowledge Essay? 149-50, 146).
But Iago's only joy comes in spoiling good objects: Othello mourns being cast out kincaid essay, from the garnery/fountain that has nourished him; Iago mocks the meat he feeds on essays and contrast, (3.3.170-71). His description of the green-eyed monster he cautions Othello against marks the jamaica essay workings of a very Kleinian envy in essays of compare, him: 34 like the empty infant who cannot tolerate the fullness of the breast, he will mock the objects that might nourish and sustain him, spoiling them by kincaid england means of his corrosive wit. 35 (Or perhaps—in good Kleinian fashion—by tearing at them with his teeth: especially in conjunction with the image of feeding on meat, mock may carry traces of mammock, 36 to tear into pieces, suggesting the oral aggression behind Iago's biting mockery and hence the talion logic in his fantasy of being pecked at.) Mockery—especially of the meat he might feed on—is Iago's signature: different as they are, Othello, Cassio, and Roderigo share an almost religious awe toward Desdemona; Iago insists that the wine she drinks is made of grapes (2.1.249-50), that even the best woman is only good enough To suckle fools, and chronicle small beer (1. 160). If the first object to descartes, be envied is the feeding breast, Iago's devaluation of maternal nurturance here is just what we might expect. But envy does not stop there. As Klein suggests, Excessive envy of the breast is likely to extend to all feminine attributes, in particular to jamaica kincaid england, the woman's capacity to bear children. . . . Descartes Theory Of Knowledge Essay? The capacity to give and to preserve life is felt as the jamaica kincaid essay greatest gift and therefore creativeness becomes the deepest cause for envy. 37 If Othello's potency and fullness make him the immediate target of Iago's envious rage, the destruction of Desdemona's generativity has been Iago's ultimate goal from the beginning: poison his delight, he says; And though he in a fertile climate dwell, / Plague him with flies (1.1.70-71). The image half-echoes Hamlet's linking of conception and breeding with the stirring of maggots in dead flesh, 38 for the fertile climate that Iago will transform into a breeding ground for plague is Desdemona's generative body. Hence, I think, the urgency with which Iago propels the plot toward the marriage bed (Do it not with poison, strangle her in her bed, even the bed she hath contaminated [4.1.203-4]): the ultimate game is to make father destroy mother on that bed in a parody of the paris life-giving insemination that might have taken place there. 39.
And hence the jamaica subterranean logic of Iago's favorite metaphor for that destruction, his monstrous birth. For if Iago enviously devalues Desdemona's generativity (she can only suckle, and only suckle fools; her body will breed only flies), he also appropriates it, and appropriates it specifically through imitation. Essay? Here both senses of mock —as devaluation and derisive imitation—come together, as Boris's work on envy predicts: The urge to take charge of the envied object has several components to it. First, of course, is the denuding (an idea) and disparagement (an emotion) of the inherent value of the original. This makes possible what follows, namely the idea that the 'knock-off (the 'as-if' ) is in every way the equal of the real thing. 40 In conceiving of his monstrous birth, that is, Iago not only kincaid essay mocks but also displaces Desdemona's generativity by taking on its powers for himself, denying the difference—between her fruitfulness and his barrenness, between her fullness and his emptiness—that he cannot tolerate. Iago's substitution in fact proceeds by descriptive essay stages. When he first invokes the jamaica kincaid essay england metaphor of pregnancy, he is merely the midwife/observer: There are many events in my dream vacation paris, the womb of time, which will be delivered (1.3.369-70). Kincaid Essay England? But his triumphant I ha't only thirty lines later—I ha't, it is engender'd; Hell and night / Must bring this monstrous birth to the world's light—replaces time's womb with his own: as I have already argued, his is the body in my dream, which the monstrous birth is engendered, and hell and night have become the midwives. Through this metaphor, Iago's mental production becomes his substitute birth, in which he replaces the kincaid england world outside himself 41 —the world of time's womb, or of Desdemona's—with the projection of his own interior monstrosity; thus conceived, his plot manages simultaneously to destroy the generativity that he cannot tolerate and to proclaim the superior efficacy of his own product.
Emilia's description of the jealousy Iago creates in Othello—it is a monster, / Begot upon itself, born on essays of compare, itself (3.4.159-60)—is not accurate about Othello, but it suggestively tracks Iago's own envy to its psychic sources. If Iago imagines himself enacting a substitute birth, making the world conform to jamaica england, the shape of his envy by undoing the contours of the already-existing generative world, Emilia expresses the wish behind his metaphor: the wish to be begot upon oneself, born on oneself, no longer subject to—dependent on, vulnerable to—the generative fullness outside the self and the unendurable envy it provokes. 42 Unable to achieve that end, he will empty himself out on the wedding bed, substituting his own monstrous conception for the generative fullness that torments him, and destroying in the process the theory essay envied good object in Desdemona. And it is just here, in this fantasy, that Othello's blackness becomes such a powerful vehicle for Iago. I have already suggested that Iago's capacity to spoil good objects rests on his capacity to blacken them, and to blacken them through a bodily process of projection.
His monstrous birth is from the first associated with the darkness of hell and jamaica essay night; and when, in his conversation with Desdemona, he imagines his invention as his baby, that baby is associated specifically with the for 8th graders extrusion of a dark and sticky substance: Comes from my pate as birdlime does from. It plucks out brain and all: but my Muse. And thus she is jamaica kincaid essay england deliver'd. And Contrast? . . . Presumably Iago means that his invention is as slow—as laborious—-as the process of jamaica removing birdlime from rough cloth (frieze), in which the nap of the cloth is removed along with the soiling agent (hence plucks out society 2010 winners, brain and all). But the essay england route to this relatively rational meaning is treacherous: the syntax first presents us with birdlime oozing from his head (invention / Comes from my pate as birdlime does), takes us on an apparent detour through the theory essay soiling of cloth (the birdlime stuck to the frieze), and ends with the image of his head emptied out altogether (plucks out brain and all), as though in a dangerous evacuation. Then, through a buried pun on conception, the concealed intermediary term, the evacuation becomes a pregnancy and delivery, displaced from his own body to jamaica kincaid essay england, that of the descartes essay Muse, who labors and is delivered.
Invention, in other words, becomes the male equivalent of pregnancy, the production of a sticky dark baby. What we have here, I suggest, is the vindictive fantasy of a faecal pregnancy and delivery that can project Iago's inner monstrosity and essay darkness into the world: 44 initially displaced upward to the evacuated pate, this faecal baby is essay for 8th graders then returned to its source as his monstrous birth, the baby he has conceived in kincaid essay england, response to Desdemona's request for praise (2.1.124) and the easy generativity (his own is a difficult labor) that he envies in her. This baby's emergence here marks, I think, both the source of his envy and the exchange that envy will demand: he will attempt in effect to replicate his dark sticky baby in her, soiling her generative body by turning her virtue into pitch, 45 spoiling the object whose fullness and goodness he cannot tolerate by making it the receptacle for his own bodily contents. Essay? And he counts on the contagion of this contaminated object: he will turn Desdemona into pitch not only jamaica essay england because pitch is essay on superstitions in india black and sticky—hence entrapping—but because it is jamaica kincaid essay notoriously defiling; 46 his scheme depends on using Desdemona as a kind of tar baby, counting on essay writing, her defilement—her blackening—to make Othello black. In fantasy, that is, Iago uses Desdemona and Othello to contaminate each other; they become for him one defiled object as he imagines them on that wedding bed. But at the same time, Othello plays a special role for Iago: in Othello's black skin Iago can find a fortuitous external sign for jamaica england the entire process, or, more accurately, a container for the internal blackness that he would project outward, the dark baby that hell and night must bring to the world's light; emptying himself out, Iago can project his faecal baby into vacation essay Othello, blackening him with his own inner waste. Iago plainly needs an Othello who can carry the burden of his own contamination; and to some extent the play makes us complicit in jamaica essay, the process, as it makes Othello in effect into Iago's monstrous creation, carrying out Iago's conception as he murders Desdemona on her wedding bed, enacting a perverse version of the childbirth that might have taken place there. Othello himself seems to recognize that a birth of sorts is taking place, though he does not recognize it as Iago's: preparing to kill Desdemona on that bed, he says that her denials Cannot remove, nor choke the in india strong conception, / That I do groan withal (5.2.56-57), 47 as though he has been impregnated through Iago's monstrous birth. And in fact he has: part of the peculiar horror of england this play is that Othello becomes so effective a receptacle for—and enactor of—Iago's fantasies. If Iago imagines himself filled with a gnawing poisonous mineral through what amounts to Othello's anal insemination of him (2.1.290-92), he turns that poison back on Othello: I'll pour this pestilence into his ear (2.3.347). This retaliatory aural/anal insemination fills Othello with Iago's own contents, allowing Iago to serve his turn on Othello by theory essay doing to Othello what he imagines Othello has done to him. (I follow him to serve my turn upon him is sexualized in ways not likely to be audible to jamaica england, a modern audience [1.1.42].
For turn, see Othello's later she can turn, and turn, and yet go on, / And turn again [4.1.249-50]; 48 characteristically, Othello replicates in Desdemona the essay advertisement turn Iago has replicated in him.) And The Moor already changes with my poison, Iago says, adding for our benefit—in case we have not noticed the kincaid essay links between his poisonous conceit and Othello's—Dangerous conceits are in their natures poisons, / Which . . . Burn like the mines of sulphur (3.3.330-34). The Moor already changes with my poison: the line marks what is distinctive about projection in graders, this play—and distinctively Kleinian. Before Klein, projection was usually understood as a relatively uncomplicated process in which disowned ideas and emotions were displaced onto an external figure. Kincaid Essay England? Klein insisted both on the fantasies of bodily function accompanying this process and on the extent to which it is specifically pieces of the self and its inner objects that are thus relocated, with the royal commonwealth competition 2010 consequence that pieces of the self are now felt to be out there, both controlling the jamaica object into which they have been projected and subject to dangers from it; Klein renamed this process projective identification. And her followers have expanded on the concept, stressing the effects of vacation essay these projected contents on the recipient of the projection, the ways in which the jamaica kincaid essay projector can in fact control the recipient. In this version of projective identification, the recipient will not only experience the bits of self projected into him but also enact the projector's fantasy scenarios, hence relieving the projector of all responsibility for them. 49 When Iago imagines Roderigo turned inside out, his body filled with pus, he seems to me to be engaging in something close to garden-variety projection: he is essay on superstitions in india attributing to jamaica england, Roderigo portions of himself, or ideas about essays of compare, himself, that he would like to disown; and, as far as we know, Roderigo does not come to experience himself as pus-filled or inside out. But when Iago imagines filling Othello with his poison, when he imagines (in Klein's formulation) the forceful entry into the object and control of the object by parts of the self, 50 he is much closer to a specifically Kleinian projective identification; and, as Klein's followers would predict, Othello really does change with Iago's poison, as he begins to experience himself as contaminated and hence to act out Iago's scenarios. And the play depends on precisely this specialized kind of projective identification, in which Iago's fantasies are replicated in Othello's actions. Kincaid Essay England? When we first meet Othello, he is confident enough about his status and essays and contrast his color that he wishes to jamaica kincaid, be found; he can confidently wish the goodness of the night (1.2.35) on Cassio and the duke's servants because blackness has not yet been poisoned for him. My Dream Vacation Essay? But as Iago projects his faecal baby into him, Othello comes more and more to imagine himself as the foul thing—the old black ram—intruding into kincaid essay england the palace of Venetian civilization or the palace of Desdemona's body; as Iago succeeds in making Othello the container for descriptive advertisement his own interior waste, Othello himself increasingly affiliates his blackness with soiling (he becomes collied or blackened by passion [2.3.197]; 51 his name is begrim'd, and black as his face) and with bad interior objects. (In Arise, black vengeance, from thy hollow cell [3.3.454], he calls on black vengeance to arise as though from within the essay england hollow of himself.) 52 His experience of my dream vacation essay himself, that is, comes increasingly to resemble what Iago has projected into kincaid essay england him; and royal essay competition winners he begins to act in accordance with that projection, replicating in Desdemona the contagion of projection itself.
The Othello who feels himself begrimed because he has internalized Iago's foul intruder will necessarily see Desdemona as foul (5.2.201), as a begrim'd Diana or a black weed, and will evacuate his good object as Iago had predicted (1.3.350); by the end of the play, Emilia can call Othello the blacker devil, Desdemona's most filthy bargain, As ignorant as dirt (5.2.132, 158, 165) because he has so perfectly introjected Iago's sense of jamaica inner filth. Insofar as Iago can make Othello experience his own blackness as a contamination that contaminates Desdemona, he succeeds in emptying himself out into Othello; and insofar as Othello becomes in effect Iago's faecal baby, Othello—rather than Iago—becomes the bearer of the fantasy of inner filth. Through projective identification, that is, Iago invents blackness as a contaminated category before our eyes, enacting his monstrous birth through Othello, and essay in india then allowing the Venetians (and most members of the england audience) to congratulate themselves—as he does—on their distance from the now-racialized Othello. Through this process, Othello becomes assimilated to, and motivated by, his racial type—becomes the monstrous Moor easily made jealous—and Iago escapes our human categories altogether, becoming unknowable, a motiveless malignity. But this emptying out of Iago is my dream paris no more than Iago has already performed on essay england, himself: if the projection of his own inner contamination into Othello is Iago's relief, it is essay on superstitions in india also his undoing, and in kincaid essay, a way that corroborates both the bodiliness of the fantasy of essay projection and its dangers to the projector as well as the recipient. Klein notes that excessive use of projective identification results in the weakening and impoverishment of the ego; in the words of Betty Joseph, at times the mind can be . . . so evacuated by projective identification that the individual appears empty. 53 If at the end of the play there is nothing left to envy, there is also no one left to essay england, experience envy: Iago's projection of himself into the racial other he constructs as the container for his contamination ends not only by destroying his (and our) good objects but also by leaving him entirely evacuated. Having poured the pestilence of descartes theory of knowledge essay himself into jamaica kincaid essay england Othello, Iago has nothing left inside him: his antigenerative birth hollows him out, leaving him empty. The closer he is to his goal, the flatter his language becomes; by the end, there is no inside left, no place to speak from. The play that begins with his insistent I ends with his silence: from this time forth he never will speak word.
1 Quotations follow the Arden edition of Othello, edited by M. R. Ridley (London: Methuen, 1958). Ridley follows the 1622 quarto, which often differs from the Folio Othello; I have noted the differences where they seem significant to my argument. Citations of plays other than Othello follow William Shakespeare: The complete Works, ed. Essays? Alfred Harbage (Baltimore: Penguin, 1969). 2 Race is of course a vexed term; many have pointed out that the word race gained its current meaning only as it was biologized in support of the jamaica england economic institution of slavery and that the on superstitions link between race and skin color is jamaica kincaid essay a peculiarly contemporary obsession, that (for example) Irish and Jews might in 1604 have been thought of as racially separate from the essays of compare and contrast English. For a particularly lucid account of the questions surrounding the invocation of race as a category in jamaica kincaid essay england, early modern England, see Lynda E. Essays Of Compare? Boose, 'The Getting of a Lawful Race': Racial discourse in early modern England and the unrepresentable black woman in Women, Race, and Writing in the Early Modern Period, Margo Hendricks and Patricia Parker, eds. (London and jamaica kincaid essay New York: Routledge, 1994), 35-54, esp.
35-40; see also John Gillies, Shakespeare and the geography of difference (Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1994), for the claim that early modern otherness was based on geography rather than on the anachronistic category of race (25). Nonetheless, in Iago's capacity to make Othello's blackness the primary signifier of his otherness—as Boose observes, once his Ensign has raised the flag inscribing Othello within the difference of skin color, all the presumably meaningful differences Othello has constructed between himself and my dream vacation essay the infidel collapse (38)—the text insists on the visible difference of skin color that will increasingly come to define race, perhaps because, unlike religion, it (proverbially) cannot be changed. For a discussion of the england significance of visible difference in early modern England, see Kim Hall, Reading What Isn't There: 'Black' Studies in Early Modern England, Stanford Humanities Review 3 (1993): 23-33, esp. 25-27; in her account science merely takes up already pre-existing terms of royal commonwealth society essay competition 2010 difference, such as skin color and features, that have [previously] been combined with physical and mental characteristics (25). 3 Ridley follows the Folio reading of line 392, since this line occurs in a passage not found in Q1 ; Q2 (1630) famously reads Her name in place of F's My name, perhaps to rationalize Othello's peculiar association of his name with the fairness of a figure for female virginity.
I prefer My name, partly because it suggests the jamaica kincaid england identificatory dynamics that underlie Othello's love for Desdemona; but either reading points toward Othello's association of the stain on Desdemona's virgin body with the blackness of essay his own face. 4 Desdemona becomes a black weed only in the quartos; F omits the adjective. 5 This position was powerfully—and variously—articulated in three classic essays published in kincaid, 1979-80: Edward A. Snow's Sexual Anxiety and the Male Order of Things in Othello, English Literary Renaissance 10 (1980): 384-412; Stanley Cavell's Othello and the Stake of the essay Other in Disowning Knowledge in Six Plays of jamaica essay Shakespeare (Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1987), 125-42 (originally published in 1979 in The Claim of Reason [Oxford: Oxford UP]); and descartes essay Stephen Greenblatt's The Improvisation of Power in Renaissance Self Fashioning: From More to jamaica essay, Shakespeare (Chicago and London: U of Chicago P, 1980), 222-54, esp. 232-52. For the association of Othello's blackness specifically with sexual contamination, and Othello's internalization of this association, see especially Snow, 400-402; and Cavell, 136-37. For a fuller reading of the association between blackness and monstrous sexuality in early modern English culture and in Othello, see especially Karen Newman, 'And wash the Ethiop white': femininity and the monstrous in descriptive essay advertisement, Othello in Shakespeare Reproduced: The text in history and ideology, Jean E. Howard and Marion F. O'Connor, eds. (New York and London: Methuen, 1987), 143-62, esp. 148-53; for a fuller reading of the jamaica essay england ways in which Othello internalizes the Venetian construction of his blackness, see Edward Berry, Othello's Alienation, Studies in English Literature 1500-1900 30 (1990): 315-33. The blackening of Desdemona has become a critical commonplace: see, for example, Michael Neill, Unproper Beds: Race, Adultery, and the Hideous in Othello, Shakespeare Quarterly 40 (1989): 383-412, esp.
410; Berry, 328; Ania Loomba, Gender, race, Renaissance drama (Manchester and New York: Manchester UP, 1989), 59; Parker, Fantasies of 'Race' and 'Gender': Africa, Othello and bringing to light in Hendricks and Parker, eds., 84-100, esp. 95; and especially Newman, 151-52, for whom the blackening of Desdemona indicates the convergence of woman and my dream vacation paris essay black in the category of monstrous sexuality. 6 See W. Jamaica Kincaid Essay? H. Auden's related account of Iago as practical joker: The practical joker despises his victims, but at the same time he envies them because their desires, however childish and mistaken, are real to them, whereas he has no desire which he can call his own. .. . If the word motive is essay given its normal meaning of a positive purpose of the self like sex, money, glory, etc., then the jamaica practical joker is without motive. Yet the professional practical joker is certainly driven, .. . but the drive is negative, a fear of lacking a concrete self, of being nobody. In any practical joker to whom playing such jokes is a passion, there is always an element of malice, a projection of his self-hatred onto others, and in commonwealth society competition 2010 winners, the ultimate case of the absolute practical joker, this is projected onto all created things (The Dyer's Hand and other essays [New York: Random House, 1962], 256-57).
The emptiness of Auden's practical joker is sometimes associated by later critics with Iago's facility in jamaica kincaid, role-playing; see, e.g., Shelley Orgel, whose Iago gains a temporary sense of self by playing the roles that others project onto him (Iago, American Imago 25 : 258-73, esp. 272). Greenblatt's Iago has the role-player's ability to imagine his nonexistence so that he can exist for a moment in another and essays of compare as another; but for jamaica essay Greenblatt, Iago's imagined emptiness is less an ontological state than a cover for his emptying out of his victim (235 and 236). More recently Iago's emptiness has reminded critics of a Derridean absence of self or meaning; see, e.g., Bonnie Melchior, Iago as Deconstructionist, Publications of the Arkansas Philological Association 16 (1990): 63-81, esp. 79; or Karl F. Zender, The Humiliation of Iago, SEL 34 (1994): 323-39, esp. 327-28. In Alessandro Serpieri's brilliant semiotic reading, Iago suffers from an envy of being that is the deconstructionist's equivalent of the state Auden describes: Iago cannot identify with any situation or sign or enonce, and paris essay is thus condemned to deconstruct through his own enonciations the enonces of others, transforming them into simulacra. Othello is precisely the lord of the enonce (Serpieri, Reading the signs: towards a semiotics of Shakespearean drama, trans.
Keir Elam, in Alternative Shakespeares, John Drakakis, ed. [London and essay New York: Methuen, 1985], 119-43, esp. 139). In its emphasis on envy and projection, Auden's and Serpieri's work is of compare closest to my own; but see also David Pollard's powerful Baudelairian reading of Iago's emptiness and jamaica the sadistic projections through which he attempts to fill it (Iago's Wound in Othello: New Perspectives, Virginia Mason Vaughan and Kent Cartwright, eds. [Rutherford, Madison, and Teaneck, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson UP; London and Toronto: Associated University Presses, 1991], 89-96). 7 Adam Phillips, Foreword in Harold N. Essay In India? Boris, Envy (Northvale, NJ, and London: Jason Aronson, 1994), vii-xi, esp. ix. 8 For some, Othello is split long before Iago begins his work.
In Berry's account, for example, Othello is divided from the beginning by kincaid essay england the two contradictory selfimages he absorbs from Venice; his failure to escape this limiting framework and hence to achieve a true sense of personal identity is a powerful source of in india tragic feeling in the play (323 and 330). But for critics who read Othello as an early instance of jamaica england a colonized subject, this failure is not personal but systemic: both Loomba (32, 48, and 54) and Jyotsna Singh (Othello's Identity, Postcolonial Theory, and Contemporary African Rewritings of Othello in Hendricks and Parker, eds., 287-99, esp. 288) position Othello specifically in opposition to what Singh calls the dominant, Western fantasy of a singular, unified identity (288). But Iago at least insists that he is the divided one, and Othello initially claims that his soul is perfect or undivided; whatever the state to essay advertisement, which Othello is reduced, Othello —like The Tempest —seems to me to encode the fantasy that the exotic other possesses a primitive unitary identity before his induction into a Western-style split self. 9 I first read this paper to a very helpful and responsive audience at Notre Dame in November 1994, on kincaid england, which occasion Richard Dutton called my attention to the way in which Othello's self-division is literally played out on essay advertisement, the stage. 10 As Iago's self-alienation passes to Othello, so does his habit of soliloquizing. Soliloquies are usually in Shakespearean tragedy the discourse of self-division: only those whose selves are in pieces need to england, explain themselves to themselves and descartes of knowledge essay have distinct-enough interior voices to carry out the job for our benefit. Initially Iago's soliloquies formally mark him as fractured in comparison with Othello's wholeness; by the end, Othello is the soliloquizer. 11 I here depart from Ridley in following F's version of line 80; Ridley and Q1 (1622) give And swiftly come to jamaica, Desdemona's arms.
Ridley himself finds Q1's version of descriptive essay advertisement line 80 pallid and jamaica thinks Shakespeare probably revised it for F; that he nonetheless rejects the Folio version on the grounds that it is inconsistent with Cassio's character suggests his resistance to seeing just how eroticized Cassio's idealizing of Othello is (xxixxxx and 52n). Essay On Superstitions In India? In the context of lovemaking, spirits is not a neutral term; for its specifically sexual senses, see Stephen Booth, Shakespeare's Sonnets (New Haven, CT, and england London: Yale UP, 1977), 441-43. 12 See Neill's powerful account of the ways in which the paris essay audience is implicated in Iago's invocation of the horrors of jamaica essay england miscegenation, the paris essay improper sexual mixture that medieval theologians called adultery (395-99 and kincaid 407-9). For Arthur L. Little Jr. the whole of the play constitutes the primal scene of racism, a forbidden sexual sight/site from which the audience constructs the significance of race ('An essence that's not seen': The Primal Scene of Racism in Othello, SQ 44 : 304-24, esp. 305-6). 13 The familiar associations of blackness with monstrosity (see, e.g., Newman, 148; and James R. Aubrey, Race and the Spectacle of the vacation Monstrous in Othello, Clio 22 : 221-38) and specifically with monstrous births (see Neill, 409-10; and Aubrey, 222-27) would probably have made the jamaica kincaid essay england subterranean connection between Othello and Iago's monstrous birth more available to Shakespeare's audiences than it is to a modern audience. 14 Projection has classically been invoked as a mechanism in Othello, but usually in the other direction, from descriptive essay, Othello to england, Iago; see, e.g., J.I.M.
Stewart, Character and Motive in Shakespeare: Some Recent Appraisals Examined ([London, New York, and Toronto: Long-mans, Green and Company, 1949], 102-5), though Stewart ultimately abandons a naturalistic reading of the play through projection for a symbolic reading of Iago and Othello as parts of a single whole. For somewhat later versions of Iago as Othello's projection, see, e.g., Henry L. Warnken, Iago as a Projection of Othello in writing graders, Shakespeare Encomium 1564-1964, Anne Paolucci, ed. (New York: The City College, 1964), 1-15; and Orgel, 258-73. In these accounts projection is loosely used to jamaica, indicate that Iago expresses unacknowledged doubts or desires in Othello's mind (or, in Orgel's reading, Othello's unacknowledged need for a punitive superego); they generally do not explore the mechanism of projection or consider the degree to my dream essay, which the structure of the play posits Iago—not Othello—as its psychic starting point. Jamaica Essay? For Auden, who reads the play through Iago as practical joker, projection begins with Iago, not Othello (see n. 6, above); see also Leslie Y. Rabkin and Jeffrey Brown, who read Iago as a Horneyan sadist, assuaging his pain by projecting his self-contempt and paris hopelessness onto others (Some Monster in His Thought: Sadism and Tragedy in Othello Literature and Psychology 23 : 59-67, esp. 59-60); and Pollard, who reads Iago as Baudelairian sadist, filling the world with sadistic projections with which he then identifies to fill his inner emptiness (92-95). Serpieri sees Iago as the jamaica england artificer of a destructive projection; in his semiotic analysis, litotes—Iago's characteristic nay-saying figure—becomes the linguistic equivalent of projection, a figure of persuasion which, by denying, affirms in the 'other' all that—the diabolical, the lustful, the alien—which it refutes or censures in on superstitions, the 'self (134 and 142). Jamaica Kincaid Essay England? Attention to the status of others has made contemporary criticism particularly sensitive to Othello as the essay writing for 8th graders site of Iago's projections rather than as the jamaica essay originator of projection; see, e.g., Parker on the violence of projection (100). My account differs from those cited here largely in giving projection a body and in specifying the mechanisms of projective identification at work in the play. 15 Although Neill emphasizes the hidden/hideousness of the essay graders bed rather than of bodily interiors (394-95), my formulation here is very much indebted to his. In the course of her enormously suggestive account of the cultural resonances of the hidden/private in Othello and jamaica essay Hamlet, Parker comments extensively on the association of the hidden with the woman's private parts, partly via gynecological discourse; see Parker, Othello and Hamlet: Dilation, Spying, and the 'Secret Place' of Woman, Representations 44 (1993): 60-95, esp.
64-69. 16 Gender can of royal society course mean kind; but, as Ridley notes, Shakespeare normally uses it of difference of sex (40n). 17 Ridley notes that supply = satisfy (40n); for a specifically sexualized use, see Measure for jamaica kincaid Measure, 5.1.210. 18 Doves is the reading in Ridley and Ql; I here depart from it in giving F's and competition 2010 winners Q2's dawes. 19 On the relationship between money and faeces, see Sigmund Freud, Character and Anal Eroticism in The Standard Edition of the jamaica kincaid essay england Complete Psychological Works of of compare Sigmund Freud, ed. James Strachey, 24 vols. (London: Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psycho-Analysis, 1953-74), 9:167-76, esp. 171 and kincaid england 173-74; Ernest Jones, Anal-Erotic Character Traits, Journal of Abnormal Psychology 13 (1918): 261-84, esp. 272-74 and my dream vacation paris 276-77; Karl Abraham, Contributions to the Theory of the jamaica kincaid essay england Anal Character in essay writing for 8th graders, Selected Papers of Karl Abraham (New York: Brunner/Mazel, 1927), 370-92, esp. 383; and Otto Fenichel, The Psychoanalytic Theory of Neurosis (New York: Norton, 1945), 281. On sadism and essay england anality, see Abraham, The Narcissistic Evaluation of Excretory Processes in my dream, Dreams and Neurosis in Selected Papers, 318-22, esp. Kincaid England? 319 and of compare 321; Jones, 268; and Fenichel, 283.
20 The loci classici for kincaid essay england this reading are Martin Wangh, Othello: The Tragedy of commonwealth essay 2010 winners Iago, Psychoanalytic Quarterly 19 (1950): 202-12; and Gordon Ross Smith, Iago the Paranoiac, American Imago 16 (1959): 155-67. Both essays are based on Freud's account of delusional jealousy as a defense against essay england homosexual desire in of compare and contrast, the Schreber case. For an extension and elaboration of this view, with particular focus on jamaica england, Iago's hatred of of compare women, see also Stanley Edgar Hyman, Iago: Some Approaches to the Illusion of jamaica essay His Motivation (New York: Atheneum, 1970), 101-21. Contemporary critics who comment on the homoerotic dynamic between Iago and Othello tend to locate their readings not in this model but in the complex of metaphors that makes Iago's seduction of Othello into an aural penetration and insemination, with a resulting monstrous (and miscegenistic) conception; see, e.g., Coppelia Kahn, Man's Estate: Masculine Identity in Shakespeare (Berkeley, Los Angeles, and of compare and contrast London: U of California P, 1981), 144-45; and Parker in Hendricks and Parker, eds., 99-100. Parker notes that the imagined penetration is anal as well as aural (99); see also, e.g., Graham Hammill's brief discussion of Iago's anal eroticism, The Epistemology of Expurgation: Bacon and The Masculine Birth of jamaica kincaid essay england Time in Queering the Renaissance, Jonathan Goldberg, ed. (Durham, NC, and London: Duke UP, 1994), 236-52, esp. In India? 251n. 21 For historically based arguments against Iago-as-repressed-homosexual, see Jonathan Dollimore, Sexual Dissidence (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991), 157-62; and Bruce R. Smith, Homosexual Desire in essay england, Shakespeare's England: A Cultural Poetics (Chicago and descartes theory of knowledge essay London: U of Chicago P, 1991), 61-63 and 75. Both Dollimore and Smith stress the kincaid england social functions of the male homosocial bond rather than the dynamics of homoerotic feeling partly on the grounds that the theory of knowledge essay homosexual subject is an anachronism in the early modern period. But Shakespeare does not need to have the category of the kincaid homosexual subject available to him in order to represent Iago as acting out of desires inadmissible to vacation essay, him, including sodomitical desires; and critics who insist that we do away with the kincaid homosexual as a category sometimes throw out the baby with the descriptive advertisement bathwater. In Homosexuality and the Signs of jamaica Male Friendship in essay on superstitions in india, Elizabethan England (in Goldberg, ed., 40-61) Alan Bray demonstrates the jamaica cultural (nonsexual) uses to which the descartes of knowledge bedfellow could be put; but in order for Smith, for example, to invoke Iago's report of Cassio's bedfellow dream to make the argument that Iago is a self-conscious male-bonder rather than a repressed homosexual, he has to ignore the explicit sexiness of the dream (the hard kisses plucked up by the roots, the leg over the thigh).
The dream clearly crosses the line—between male friendship and sodomy—that Bray delineates, more strikingly because Iago need not have included all that sexiness to convey his information to Othello; and whether or not the reported dream proclaims Iago a repressed homosexual, its effect on jamaica kincaid essay england, Othello clearly depends as much on its crossing of my dream that line as on the information that Cassio dreams about Desdemona. As for subjectivity: whether or not the Renaissance shared our sense of the bourgeois subject—in any case, emphatically not the jamaica england subject as it is construed by psychoanalysis— Othello is descartes of knowledge obsessively about what is hidden away within the kincaid england person, the inner, private, and unknowable self that might harbor inaccessible desires. For a good summary of my dream paris essay these controversies—and a sensible middle position—see Alan Sinfield, Cultural Politics—Queer Reading (Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1994), 12-14. 22 Melanie Klein, Envy and kincaid Gratitude (1957) in Envy and Gratitude and Other Works 1946-1963 (London: Hogarth Press and descriptive advertisement the Institute of Psycho-Analysis, 1975), 176-235, esp. 179. 24 Klein, 192 and 189. 27 For an jamaica kincaid essay england, early statement of this position, see Klein, Early Stages of the Oedipus Conflict (1928) in writing for 8th, Love, Guilt and Reparation and Other Works 1921-1945 (London: Hogarth Press and the Institute of kincaid england Psycho-Analysis, 1975), 186-98, esp. 190-91 and essay writing for 8th graders 193-96. 28 Klein, Envy and Gratitude, 181. 29 Klein, Envy and Gratitude, 186.
30 Quoted here from Bernard Spivack's discussion of Iago and the morality tradition in Shakespeare and the Allegory of Evil: The History of a Metaphor in Relation to His Major Villains (New York: Columbia UP, 1958), 184. 31 Betty Joseph, Envy in everyday life in Psychic Equilibrium and essay Psychic Change: Selected Papers of Betty Joseph, ed. Michael Feldman and descriptive essay advertisement Elizabeth Bott Spillius (London and New York: Tavistock/Routledge, 1989), 181-91, esp. 185. 32 In Kleinian terms, Othello has reached the depressive position, characterized by the capacity to kincaid essay, mourn for the damaged object and to make reparations to it (see especially Klein, A Contribution to the Psychogenesis of Manic-Depressive States  and Mourning and its Relation to Manic-Depressive States , both in Love, Guilt and Reparation, 262-89 and 344-69); Iago functions from within the more primitive paranoid-schizoid position, with its characteristic mechanisms of splitting and projection/introjection (see especially Klein, Notes on Some Schizoid Mechanisms in Envy and Gratitude, 1-24). 33 As many have argued: see especially Cavell, 134; and Snow, 392. See also my Suffocating Mothers: Fantasies of Maternal Origin in Shakespeare, Hamlet to The Tempest (New York and essay London: Routledge, 1992), 69-70. 34 Iago's words here, like Emilia's at 3.4.157-60, refer explicitly to jealousy but nonetheless define the self-referential qualities of envy. Although the two terms are sometimes popularly confused, they are distinct in psychoanalytic thought: jealousy occurs in england, a three-body relationship, derived from the oedipus complex, in which the loss of a good object to in india, a rival is at stake; envy occurs in a pre-oedipal two-body relationship, in which the good qualities of the object are felt to be intolerable.
Jealousy seeks to preserve the good object, if necessary by killing it; envy seeks to jamaica, spoil the good object. (For these distinctions, see Klein, Envy and Gratitude, 196-99; and Joseph in Feldman and Spillius, eds., 182.) Jealousy is a derivative of envy but is descartes theory essay more easily recognized and more socially acceptable (Klein, Envy and Gratitude, 198; Joseph in Feldman and Spillius, eds., 182); partly as a consequence, it can sometimes serve as an important defence against envy (Klein, Envy and Gratitude, 198). This defensive structure seems to me at jamaica kincaid essay, work both in Iago and in the play at large: in Iago, who repeatedly comes up with narratives of jealousy as though to justify his intolerable envy to on superstitions, himself (tellingly, he uses the traditional language of envy—Spenser's Envy inwardly . . . chawed his owne maw in jamaica kincaid essay england, The Faerie Queene [I.iv.30]—to register the gnawing effects of jealousy on paris essay, him); and in Othello itself, insofar as its own narratives of jealousy are far more legible and recognizably human than the envy represented through Iago and dismissed in jamaica kincaid essay england, him as unrecognizable, inhuman, or demonic. 35 Mock has puzzled commentators for years, occasioning five pages of commentary in the New Variorum edition of Othello (ed. Horace Howard Furness [Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1886]). William Warburton (1747) glosses mocke (in terms strikingly close to my own) as loaths that which nourishes and essay on superstitions in india sustains it (176). With very little plausibility but some interest for my argument, Andrew Becket (1815) transforms mocke to muck, glossing it as to bedaub or make foul: two other commentators—Zachariah Jackson and Lord John Chedworth—approved of this emendation enough to come up with candidates for the monstrous animal that befouls its food, mouse and dragon-fly, respectively (179). 36 Zachary Grey suggested in essay england, 1754 that mock is a contraction for mammock (Furness, ed., 176); as far as I can tell, his suggestion has been entirely ignored. 37 Klein, Envy and Gratitude, 201-2. 38 See Hamlet, 2.2.181-82.
39 This destruction also has the effect of separating the two figures whose conjunction has haunted Iago's imagination. Klein hypothesizes the combined parent figure as a special target of envy (the suspicion that the parents are always getting sexual gratification from one another reinforces the phantasy . . . that they are always combined [Envy and Gratitude, 198]); Iago in descriptive, fact evokes such a fantasy-figure in jamaica kincaid england, his initial description of Othello and Desdemona as fused, a beast with two backs (1.1.116), always in the process of of compare and contrast achieving the incorporate conclusion (2.1.258-59) that is always denied him. 41 My formulation here is partly indebted to Janine Chausseguet-Smirgel's work on perversion, especially anal perversion, which she sees as an kincaid essay, attempt to dissolve generational and gender differences in order to vacation paris essay, defend against acknowledgment of the pervert's own puniness and vulnerability; though she does not draw specifically on Klein's concept of jamaica essay england envy, her work sometimes intersects usefully with Klein's. In Chausseguet-Smirgel's reading, Sade's intention, for example, is to reduce the universe to descriptive essay advertisement, faeces, or rather to jamaica england, annihilate the universe of of compare and contrast differences (Perversion and the Universal Law in Chausseguet-Smirgel, Creativity and Perversion [New York: W. W. Norton, 1984], 4). Insofar as perversion attempts to replace God's differentiated universe with its own undifferentiation, it is the equivalent of Devil religion (9); the undifferentiated anal universe constitutes an imitation or parody of the jamaica kincaid england genital universe of the royal commonwealth essay competition 2010 father (11). While this formulation is suggestive for Iago, I think that Chausseguet-Smirgel is hampered by jamaica essay her Lacanian milieu, with its overvaluation of the phallus and the father's law; Iago is at least as intent on imitating and descartes theory essay ultimately replacing the mother's generative function as the father's law. 42 With the kind of essay england psychological intuition that everywhere animates his portrayal of Satan, Milton reworks Emilia's comment: unable to stand the theory essay debt immense of endless gratitude to the God who has created him (Paradise Lost, Bk.
4, 1. Jamaica Kincaid Essay England? 52), Satan proclaims himself self-begot, self-rais'd / By our own quick'ning power (Bk. 5, 11. 860-61). Royal Commonwealth Society 2010 Winners? Klein cites Milton's Satan as an instance of the spoiling of creativity implied in envy (Envy and Gratitude, 202). 43 According to the Oxford English Dictionary, birdlime is a sticky substance made out of the essay england bark of the holly tree and essay advertisement smeared on branches to entrap birds; With the barkes of Holme they make Bird-lyme, cited from jamaica kincaid england, Henry Lyte's 1578 Niewe herball or historie of plantes (Oxford English Dictionary, prep. My Dream Vacation? J. Simpson and E.S.C. Weiner, 2d ed., 20 vols. Jamaica Essay England? [Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989], 2:216).
Holme is confusing; it is cited as blacke Holme in Spenser's Virgils Gnat (1. 215), but there apparently refers to the oak, not the essay in india holly. In any case, despite the echo of jamaica england lime, birdlime seems to my dream vacation, have been dark, not white. 44 The equation of faeces with baby is jamaica kincaid essay england familiar to of compare and contrast, psychoanalysis; see, e.g., Freud, On the Sexual Theories of Children, on the cloacal theory of birth (If babies are born through the anus, then a man can give birth just as well as a woman [9:205-26, esp. 219-20]); Jones, 274-75; and Susan Isaacs, Penis-Feces-Child, Internationaljournal of Psycho-analysis 8 (1927): 74-76.
For fantasies that overvalue the power of faecal creation to create or destroy every object, see Abraham, The Narcissistic Evaluation of Excretory Processes, 322; about one of his patients he reports, That night he dreamed that he had to expel the universe out of his anus (320). 45 Oddly, Ridley associates the essay england pitch into which Iago will turn Desdemona's virtue with birdlime without noting its source in Iago's earlier metaphor (88n). 46 For Shakespeare's reworkings of the proverbially defiling properties of commonwealth society 2010 winners pitch, see, e.g., Love's Labor's Lost, 4.3.3; 1 Henry IV, 2.4.394-96; and Much Ado About Nothing, 3.3.53. 47 I here depart from Ridley in following F and Q2; Q1, Ridley's copytext, gives conceit. Jamaica? The half-buried metaphor of childbirth is, I think, present in either case, both through the association of groan—especially in proximity to a bed—with childbirth (see, e.g., All's Well That Ends Well, 1.3.140 and 4.5.10; and Measure for Measure, 2.2.15) and through the essay writing for 8th family relation between conceit and Latin conceptus, cited in the OED; the OED also gives Conception of kincaid essay england offspring as an obsolete meaning for conceit with a 1589 instance, though it notes that this usage is Perhaps only a pun (3:647-48, esp.
648). 48 See also the best turn F th' bed (Antony and Cleopatra, 2.5.59). Descartes Of Knowledge Essay? For serve, see Lear's Oswald, A serviceable villain, / As duteous to the vices of thy mistress / As badness would desire (4.6.248-50); for jamaica kincaid essay serve my turn, see Costard's exchange with the king (Love's Labor's Lost, 1.1.281-82). For follow / fallow, see Parker in Hendricks and Parker, eds., 99, citing Herbert A. Ellis, Shakespeare 's Lusty Punning in Love 's Labour's Lost (1973). 49 This is an of knowledge essay, oversimplified summary of a very complex development in psychoanalytic theory; for a fuller summary, see Projective Identification in R. Jamaica England? D. Hinshelwood's A Dictionary of Kleinian Thought (London: Free Association Books, 1991), 179-208; or Elizabeth Bott Spillius's Clinical experiences of projective identification in Clinical Lectures on Klein and Bion, Robin Anderson, ed. (London and New York: Tavistock/Routledge, 1992), 59-73, esp. 59-64. For Klein's initial development of the concept of projective identification, see Envy and Gratitude, 8-11. The development of the concept by her followers has had broad ramifications for clinical work; for a particularly lucid account of some of these, see, in addition to society 2010, Spillius, Joseph, Projective identification—some clinical aspects in Melanie Klein Today: Developments in jamaica essay, Theory and Practice, Elizabeth Bott Spillius, ed., 2 vols. (London and descriptive advertisement New York: Routledge, 1988), 1:138-50.
50 Klein, Envy and Gratitude, 11. 51 Collied is conjecturally related to coaly by the OED, 3:390-91. 52 Folio gives hell for Q1's cell. The Folio reading would ally black vengeance with Iago's monstrous birth. In either reading, the apparently superfluous hollowness suggests an inner space; as Ridley notes, it occurs, again redundantly, in the reference to a hollow mine (4.2.81). Shortly after he calls up black vengeance, and again in 5.2, Othello imagines his revenge swallowing up his victims (3.3.467 and 5.2.76), as though returning them to the interior source of his vengeance. 53 Klein, Envy and Gratitude, 11; Joseph in jamaica kincaid england, Spillius, ed., Melanie Klein Today, 140.
Source: Iago's Alter Ego: Race as Projection in Othello in in india, Shakespeare Quarterly, Vol. Jamaica Kincaid? 48, No. Theory Of Knowledge Essay? 2, Spring, 1997, pp. 125-44. Access our Othello Study Guide for Free. The most significant purpose for Venice being the setting of essay Othello has to do with Shakespeare honoring the source from which his ideas for descriptive the play came. Almost the entire play is based on an. In Othello, Iago is extremely manipulative.
Iago is a master at manipulation. Through his mere words, he plants seeds of doubt in Othello. Truly, Iago is subtle in his accusation as he merely. There is - as usual in Shakespeare's tragedies - a huge body count at the end of Othello. In the scene in the dark, Cassio is wounded in the leg, and Roderigo is killed by Iago in the dark. In the. There are several reasons given for Iago's hatred of, and intended ruination of Othello. First, he is insulted by kincaid essay Othello's promotion of Cassio; he felt that he deserved the essay on superstitions promotion.
That is. For each of the following soliloquies, you can find modern English versions in the etext version of the script. For now, I'm just giving a capsule summary. One comes at the end of Act I, scene 3.
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Sound like the ‘Entry-Level’ template would be a good fit for kincaid england what you’re trying to do. Good luck with the summer program. Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for for 8th graders someone trying to tap into the finance and accounting market. Essay England? Looking for writing for 8th an entry-level position. You should go with the ‘Entry-Level’ template.
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Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Check out this page and choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. Good luck on the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an aside, you may want to look into whether you’re qualified to get back into accounting after that many years outside of the field. I understand that some regulations and rules change over the years — it may just be a matter of taking a test or updating your certifications, but I’m not certain. Kincaid England? If that doesn’t seem to be a problem then go with the functional resume for sure. Good luck on essay on superstitions in india the job hunt! If you are lacking in major experience, I’d recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume. Our “Classic” template on jamaica essay this page should do the essay competition 2010, trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at the job fair!
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A Business Plan Doubles Your Chances for jamaica england, Success, Says a New Survey. The value of writing a business plan is often debated in the entrepreneurial community. For every successful business that was launched with a well-thought-out business plan, it seems you can find an royal society essay competition winners, equally successful one that was launched with nothing more than some scribbles on the back of a napkin. In fact, the essay england contrarian approach may be the of compare one you hear most about #8212; i.e., entrepreneurs dismissing a business plan as something they wrote and jamaica england then stuffed in the bottom of royal commonwealth winners a drawer. Palo Alto Software founder Tim Berry (a contributor here at Small Business Trends ) recently reported on some new data showing the value of business plans. Palo Alto did a survey that asked thousands of its Business Plan Pro software users questions about their businesses, goals and business planning. The responses showed that those who completed business plans were nearly twice as likely to successfully grow their businesses or obtain capital as those who didn#8217;t write a plan.
Tim gave this breakdown of the numbers: 2,877 people completed the survey. Of those, 995 had completed a plan. Jamaica Essay! 297 of in india them (36%) secured a loan 280 of them (36%) secured investment capital 499 of them (64%) had grown their business. 1,556 of the jamaica 2,877 had not yet completed their plan. 222 of them (18%) secured a loan 219 of them (18%) secured investment capital 501 of commonwealth society 2010 them (43%) had grown their business.
Of course, as author of the original Business Plan Pro software program and founder of Palo Alto Software, Tim admits he#8217;s a little biased in favor of kincaid business plans. And people who respond to a survey by the company that made their software may be biased in favor of in india saying good things. So Tim had the University of kincaid england Oregon Department of Economics assess the essay validity of the data. Jamaica Kincaid! Eason Ding and my dream Tim Hursey wrote a report on essay the data with the supervision of Professor Joe Stone. #8220;Results suggest that planning with software is highly correlated with subsequent successes for a variety of in india firms,#8221; they wrote. Regardless of the type of company, the growth stage of the jamaica essay company and my dream vacation the intent for england, the business plan, Ding and and contrast Hursey#8217;s analysis found that writing a business plan correlated with increased success in essay every one of the business goals included in descartes theory essay the study . These were: obtaining a loan, getting investment capital, making a major purchase, recruiting a new team member, thinking more strategically and growing the company. The authors concluded: #8220;Except in jamaica essay england a small number of cases, business planning appeared to essay on superstitions be positively correlated with business success as measured by our variables. While our analysis cannot say that completing a business plan will lead to essay success, it does indicate that the type of entrepreneur who completes a business plan is also more likely to run a successful business.#8221; And if I correctly interpret the last sentence in the quote above, the act of going through the writing business planning process may make you a better entrepreneur. So there you have it: you#8217;re better off WITH a business plan than without one.
In fact, based on the survey, you are twice as likely to grow your business or achieve funding if you have taken the time to write a business plan. Jamaica Essay! That#8217;s interesting, but I#8217;m going to have to writing graders nitpick your conclusion. The quotes you used say that there#8217;s a correlation between writing a business plan and being successful. Jamaica Kincaid Essay! It seems like this data would have tremendous selection bias, so I don#8217;t think there#8217;s any evidence to support the commonwealth society competition winners claim that writing a business plan makes you any more likely to succeed. It makes perfect sense that the type of person that would write a business plan is more organized, dedicated, intelligent, talented, and/or experienced than someone that doesn#8217;t write a business plan. This doesn#8217;t mean that writing a business plan improves any of those qualities. Even still, that#8217;s a pretty interesting study. Thanks for sharing it. Do you have stats on kincaid essay england how much they were writing business plans during the so called Dot Com era?
No way! You mean that having an actual plan before you start a business is a good idea? Cmon!I suppose that the next thing you#8217;ll tell me is that Palo Alto Software makes the best of the best in business plan software! The Franchise King. Essay On Superstitions! nice post i am glad to left comment here. Taking the time and making the effort to produce a business plan shows organization, determination and forethought. All of which would tend to preselect toward successful individuals, so I#8217;m not sure if this is the chicken or the egg#8230; A great article with many truisms. having been in the business of writing strategic plans most of my life I would have to agree wholeheartedly with the conclusions. It never ceases to amaze me how many people will use GPS or Google Maps for jamaica england, a trip somewhere but when it comes to starting a business they think they can do it without any strategy, without any guiding road-map. I am not saying the plan has to in india be set in concrete, but just like in jamaica essay sports where you know what the goal of the game is, in business you need to have clear idea of what you want to accomplish and then how do you wish to my dream paris essay accomplish that goal. Right on! Business plans are very important to success, not because they set out all the solutions to potential problems but because the process itself makes you aware of opportunities and jamaica kincaid england challenges.
Fore-warned is fore-armed! This is on superstitions in india so interesting to essay england me. I just gave a speech about effective business planning. My premise was that unless you are looking for funding you don#8217;t need the paris essay lengthy, detailed, business plan created by the Business Plan Pro software. HOWEVER, you DO need a plan! How can you go anywhere if you don#8217;t know where you are going or how you are going to get there? Business planning is critically important to business success. The 3 key elements in my estimation are: vision, planning, and communication. Biased or objective I am not surprised by jamaica kincaid, the conclusion. Demings#8217; Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle is advertisement a proven concept is the field of kincaid essay england management and certainly applies to society competition winners the process of setting up and developing a small business.
Without a plan, how do you know where to focus your efforts? How do you know if you#8217;re on target? If you don#8217;t have a business plan any result you achieve (even a poor one) is good since you don#8217;t have a plan to compare it to. So yes, having a sound business plan is jamaica kincaid england a vital part of setting up a small business. For 8th Graders! Not just to convince others that you have thought things through but also for yourself as a baseline reference for your level of success. It#8217;s the planning, not the england plan that impacts chances of success. Descriptive Essay Advertisement! Those who take the essay england time to think things through, consider consequences and alternatives, determine the on superstitions in india definition of success and jamaica kincaid england the steps necessary to reach it are significantly more prepared than those who wing it. Ok it does seem an obvious truth. But even more important than the plan and the process of writing the plan I think, is measuring yourself up against how far you are in achieving the plan. Setting up systematic ways of measuring progress to the plan, even a plan written on a napkin, will contribute the most to success.
Very useful survey, and another proof that business plan is descartes theory of knowledge important, whether it#8217;s a one-page or 100-page plan. Biz plan gives you clearer path to help you navigate your business better I consider it like our personal to do list: shop for groceries, pick up kids from school, etc. Also, it#8217;s obvious that bizzes with biz plans will secure loans better lenders want to know how you would use their money, and biz plan can do this for jamaica kincaid essay, you. Great Post. Entrepreneurs have to be excellent managers of resources #8212; human, financial, informational, technological, material and descriptive advertisement time. If you are organized, savvy with finances. This research is a classic example of #8220;there are lies, damnable lies, and statistics#8221; (from Twain who got it from someone else). My second book (to be published in December 2010) is titled #8220;Bad Plans Carried Out Violently#8221; and promotes the idea that DOING SOMETHING trumps pre-planning almost without exception. Jamaica Kincaid England! I#8217;ve talked with hundreds of descartes successful business owners and asked them four questions:
1) Did you do a business plan before you started your business? 2) If you did, how well did it project what actually happened over 1 yr, 3 yrs and 5 yrs? 3) Do you do ongoing strategic planning you fully update each quarter (this is jamaica kincaid england not the classic January Business Plan or investor doc), to incorporate the feedback you get as you are doing business in the trenches? 4) If you do ongoing Strategic Planning vs. an annual Business Plan, how much do you find your plan changing over time as a result of doing ongoing dynamic strategic planning? The number of successful business owners who do a business plan before starting their business is statistically insignificant well less than 1%. The only reason the essay writing for 8th small minority gave for doing one is because they had to in order to get money from jamaica kincaid essay a bank or investor (almost no one does one just for themselves). That should tell you something about the classic #8220;pre-planning#8221; Business Plan we#8217;re all taught is descartes theory of knowledge so important. Almost no one who is successful does one, yet we continue to essay pound the idea that it#8217;s necessary. Of those very few that did do a Business Plan before starting, virtually none of them say their Business Plan projected accurately what actually happened in the next 12 months, or 3yr or 5 yrs. To the essay contrary most said their Business Plan was wildly off from what actually happened in the real world.
So most biz owners don#8217;t do one, and those that do find they don#8217;t reflect reality, yet we continue with the Business Plan mantra. Essay! Very few biz owners do ongoing quarterly Strategic Plans, but of vacation those that do, they are unanimous in kincaid england saying that the reason they do is because business, just like life, changes so much and descartes essay so rapidly, that a once a year Business Plan is kincaid england useless, and that the purpose of the classic Business Plan is simply to get a loan. Otherwise it has no value in their business. The conclusion is that successful business owners don#8217;t do a classic Business Plan unless they are forced to by a bank or investor, and that they never look at it after that. So it clearly has value for getting a loan, but not for running a business. Of Knowledge Essay! The proper planning analogy (which is chapter one in my book) planning is jamaica kincaid a rudder on writing for 8th a ship. Kincaid! The rudder is a necessary but VERY small part of ship and is absolutely useless without movement. You do not steer a ship with a rudder, you steer it with movement the same thing is descartes theory of knowledge essay true for a business. And the faster you move the ship, the kincaid essay less rudder (planning) it takes to affect a right or left turn. Vacation Paris Essay! Stop planning and get moving! #8220;Committed Movement in a Purposeful Direction#8221; and kincaid #8220;Implement Now. Essay! Perfect as You Go.#8221; two concepts from jamaica kincaid england my book are much more instructive to success than pre-planning.
Knowing the end goal is extremely important knowing beforehand the essay writing path for how you will get there is kincaid essay fortune-telling. See the new book from 37Signals.com called #8220;Rework#8221; for others affirming this as well. Writing For 8th Graders! Hi Chuck, I agree entirely. To summarise the reason most businesses have a problem with planning is that they see it as an event when in jamaica fact its a process. Sometimes, even the task of writing a business plan can be daunting. At the essay writing same time, it#8217;s important to get something on paper. That#8217;s why I created a Back of the Napkin business plan exercise http://myshingle.com/2010/06/articles/ideas-tips/back-of-the-napkin-business-plan/ to get down vision as well as specific tasks to accomplish.
My thanks to Rieva for an excellent summary of jamaica england my earlier post, and thanks to all of you whose comments point out that what really matters is the descartes of knowledge essay planning, the planning process, the live plan that is reviewed and revised regularly according to plan vs. actual results. That becomes management, steering the business. Kincaid! The formal plan isn#8217;t the my dream vacation paris essay point; the kincaid essay england first plan is just the first step towards planning as steering and management. Ironically, a lot of people who would agree with the above criticize the business plan per-se, without realizing that you can#8217;t have planning process or management or steering without the plan as the first step. Let#8217;s not throw out business planning just because some people stop at the end of a single plan, without following up. Good business practices don#8217;t become bad just because a few people misuse or exaggerate. Good points, Tim. The problem is that the vacation Business Plan is almost universally seen as 1) a very thorough, thick, and detailed documentation of what is supposed to happen, and 2) a static document that you might review once in a while but rarely change more than once a year. The problem with #1 is essay that complexity breeds paralysis the better we capture everything we think might happen going forward in descriptive essay great detail, the more likely the jamaica england weight of all that detail is going to keep us from understanding the plan itself. Simplicity breeds movement; once we got our business owners to stop doing a business plan and start doing a simple two-page strategic plan that captured the few things that really need to be done, we found they started using it because it was easily grasped and easily managed.
Perhaps most importantly (from my perspective admittedly) is that at in india every turn when business owners ask what#8217;s the most important thing they should do to become successful, they are told #8220;do a business plan#8221;, and the examples they are given of what that means are always complex and full of kincaid #8220;thud factor#8221; (they make a loud noise when dropped on vacation paris essay a table). Visit the SBA site or many other small biz sites and they all tell you to do a complex business plan first. Where are the people telling business owners to jamaica essay do a very simple one or two page strategic plan for how they will sell something, and get moving. Descriptive Essay! Why aren#8217;t we focused on giving them very simple processes for essay england, doing that instead? There is descartes essay much more compelling evidence that Speed of Execution creates success than does business planning, but we still tell people to sit around and think about things. It could be in fact, that the reason the study found people who finished their business plan to jamaica kincaid be more successful was simply because they have a higher Speed of Execution and get moving on everything they do, not just their plan. If we put planning in descriptive its proper context as a SUPPORT MECHANISM for movement, it#8217;s a tremendous tool. But I almost never see it shared that way. It#8217;a always some kind of kincaid essay magic bullet do a Business Plan as if writing what you think might happen someday actually makes it happen.
Movement is the gift, and planning is its faithful servant. We have these two things backwards. We worship and serve the servant and have forgotten the gift (concept borrowed from Einstein). A business plan helps, that is for sure but needs to be well done otherwise is useless. Then, it has to contain real market figures if you want to get some fundings from advertisement it.
You need also to be able to see outside it when starting your business as things change and you need to be able not to only stick to it. As a CPA and financial consultant, there is no doubt in my mind that a business plan serves as a plan, guide, feasibility study, road map, etc. It is imperative to communicating your company plan to key stakeholders investors, bankers, managers, although the jamaica kincaid essay most used section is the financial section as these stakeholders want to know if the business will make profit and cashflow. In the past 30 years, I have found it necessary to take the financial snapshot portion of the business plan and turn it into a dynamic real-time cashflow management system that is linked to historical financials and my dream future forecasts. It then becomes the CEOs day to day financial management system, focused on both financial managing the essay business as proactively analyzing #8220;what if#8221; business decisions. The book #8220;Drive Your Business to Financial Success#8221; is a quick read for on superstitions in india, small business CEOs, owners, etc. that teaches both financial concepts and a real-time cashflow management system. We are a non-profit lender and one of the jamaica kincaid essay first criteria for obtaining funding with us is a business plan. If you are going to ask someone to invest in you and your business a well thought out business plan is society competition 2010 essential. Jamaica Kincaid Essay England! A good business plan should serve as a guide and reference tool, something you review and refer back to often to gauge where you have been, thought you would be and your current position. I know there are many people who start and run successful businesses with no formal business plan and this is essay not meant to detract from their success in anyway. Even successful businesses very often need to borrow money from a lender to reach their next goal and jamaica kincaid england if you do, you are going to need to society competition 2010 winners present a business plan as part of the application process.
It helps convey to the lender that you are serious, organized, prepared and a good risk. All good qualities in lenders eyes! Lenders ask for business plans because they don#8217;t usually know how to assess the likelihood of success from real world metrics/experience, etc. But that doesn#8217;t make them a good idea, just a necessary one when dealing with a lender. Jamaica England! But lenders should stop asking for descriptive advertisement, them because they don#8217;t have any correlation with success. Here#8217;s something to think about regarding whether business plans are a good way to start a business. 1) Not a single Fortune 500 was started with a business plan not one. 2) And as we research it, I#8217;m willing to bet that not a single Fortune 5000 (or maybe no more than a handful) were started with a business plan, either. 3) After asking thousands of business owners around the world about them, only 3-6% do one if they don#8217;t need a loan.
And to date, we have yet to find a single one of jamaica kincaid these businesses that worked out anywhere close to what was in the plan. Yet we keep trying. But there are MUCH better predictors of success that lenders could use if they understood what makes people successful and advertisement what doesn#8217;t. Having a business plan or not having one when you start is jamaica essay not one of them. I agree with those that see the true value of a business plan as a process. You can come up with brilliant ideas, but the real key to essays and contrast success is in pre-planning and organization. Essay England! The most important use of the business plan, other than financing, is in essay on superstitions in india the planning process. It forces you to kincaid england realistically assess the who, what, when, where, why, how and how much for planning and royal commonwealth essay implemention of your enterprise. It allows you to plan for asset acquisition, location, business parameters, manning levels, cash flow projections, ad nauseum.
Once the business is running, you enter the observation and tweaking arena wherein you make adjustments based on essay results. At that point the plan is not as strategically important, but there have to be controls and a means to analyze progress and my dream vacation implement adjustments. My thanks to Rieva for an excellent summary of jamaica england my earlier post, and essay thanks to all of you whose comments point out that what really matters is the planning, the planning process, the live plan that is reviewed and revised regularly according to plan vs. actual results. That becomes management, steering the kincaid england business. The formal plan isn’t the point; the first plan is just the essays of compare first step towards planning as steering and management. Ironically, a lot of people who would agree with the above criticize the business plan per-se, without realizing that you can’t have planning process or management or steering without the kincaid essay plan as the first step. Let’s not throw out business planning just because some people stop at descartes theory of knowledge the end of a single plan, without following up. Good business practices don’t become bad just because a few people misuse or exaggerate. It makes perfect sense that the type of person that would write a business plan is more organized, dedicated, intelligent, talented, and/or experienced than someone that doesn’t write a business plan. This doesn’t mean that writing a business plan improves any of jamaica essay those qualities.
The dot com era makes it double trouble. Of Compare And Contrast! It’s the planning, not the plan that impacts chances of jamaica essay success. Those who take the time to think things through, consider consequences and essay alternatives, determine the definition of kincaid england success and the steps necessary to reach it are significantly more prepared than those who wing it. Very useful survey, and another proof that business plan is vacation paris important, whether it’s a one-page or 100-page plan. Nice#8230; Hi Rieva, useful insights here and I linked you back as one of the more useful sources of statistics on business plan success.
However I wanted to add that there are a fair amount of success factors which make or break achieving the business plan#8217;s objective, namely founder#8217;s performance in the credit interviews and the existence or lack thereof of supporting documents. Have a look maybe at this article we wrote, it latches onto the ideas stated in your article and jamaica essay might be useful to essays of compare your readers: Regards much continued success for everyone#8217;s projects! Pingback: Tweets that mention A Business Plan Doubles Your Chances for Success, Says a New Survey | Small Business Trends -- Topsy.com. Essay! Pingback: Best Blogs for Women | Web Business Woman. Pingback: Is Resistance to Planning About Fear of Mistakes? | Business in General. Pingback: The March Group Shares: A Business Plan Can Double Your Success | tmg test blog. Pingback: How to essay writing graders Make a Living in the Web Industry | Design City.
Pingback: The Value of a Business Plan Towson University’s Outreach Blog. Pingback: Not IF#8230;but WHEN #124; Extraordinary Business | Extraordinary Small Business Consutling | Operations Strategy | Aepiphanni. Kincaid Essay England! Pingback: Not IF#8230;but WHEN #124; Extraordinary Business | Extraordinary Small Business Consutling | Operations Strategy | Aepiphanni. Essays Of Compare! Job Growth Among Small Businesses Continues to Stagnate, Wages Continue to Climb Slowly. England! Spotlight: Milk Eggs Startup Provides an Online Farmers Market in Los Angeles. Founded in 2003, Small Business Trends is an award-winning online publication for small business owners, entrepreneurs and essay on superstitions the people who interact with them. It is jamaica kincaid essay one of the most popular independent small business publications on the web.
Together with hundreds of expert contributors, Small Business Trends brings you the descriptive essay news, advice and resources you need. Small business success. Jamaica Kincaid Essay England! delivered daily. Copyright 2003 - 2017, Small Business Trends LLC. For 8th! All rights reserved. Jamaica Kincaid England! Small Business Trends is a registered trademark.
Q. Do you have software that will format my paper APA style - Jamaica Kincaid s Essay On Seeing England… - Molloy College
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Top 148 Successful College Essays. Get into the college of your dreams! We hope these essays inspire you as you write your own personal statement. Just remember to be original and creative as you share your story. Enlist the expert help of one of our Ivy-League editors. Get individual coaching to make your essay stand out essay, among the crowd. Learn more. 1. And Contrast! Describe the world you come from. Most children acquire the same eye color or a similar shaped nose from their parents, but I’ve inherited much more: a passion for learning and an insatiable curiosity which has served me well throughout my academic career. Jamaica Kincaid Essay! My father, an electrical engineer, taught me to explore the world with inquis. 2. Incredible Stanford Hitler Essay.
Adolf Hitler applied twice to The Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna, before doing what he did. Hitler’s application did not just turn into a rejection, both times. It changed world history. 1st September 2008: MP Israrullah Zehri comments on essays of compare the killing of five women for choosing their own spouses. A. Most children acquire the same eye color or a similar shaped nose from their parents, but I've inherited much more: a passion for learning and an insatiable curiosity which has served me well throughout my academic career. My father, an electrical engineer, taught me to explore the world with in. Dreams are shaped by ideals and families shape the beliefs we grasp so strongly. Someday I want to save and change lives through a medical career. Because my family has taught me that change can be positive and england radical in altering lives, I hope to hold that ability someday.
I seek the essays of compare and contrast power to impro. 5. Jamaica Kincaid Essay England! Tell us about a personal quality, talent, accomplishment, contribution or experience. I am an Internet entrepreneur. Commonwealth Society Essay Winners! Since age 12, I have coded and designed websites -- for my school, the local community, and as a personal hobby and pastime. Essay! In fact, I started my own Internet business in 2004 and was hired as a webmaster by Intel Corporation this past summer. Theory! I also volunteer my free. 6. Describe a Person Who’s Had an Influence on You - Dad Violent staccatos of the jackhammer coupled with rhythmic pounding of nails and jamaica essay england muffled obscenities comprise the symphony of the construction site that has been my father’s accompaniment more than half of vacation essay, his life. Jamaica! While initially a position as a laborer seemed appealing to vacation, a junior in high sc. Looking back at freshman year, my life was like a cityscape, busy and vibrant.
I was just another young soul eager to meet life’s challenges. I proudly reached certain goals that defined the student I wanted to be: made it into the science institute: check, varsity soccer: check, a natio. Mirrors exist to show our outer appearance but nothing beyond that. Only our actions, words, and ideas could possibly represent the personal qualities that matter. The true worth of essay, a person is essays revealed in jamaica kincaid, those glimpses of light in the midst of vacation essay, adversity and darkness. Those traits that are highly a. 9. Stanford Supplement - Short Essays. I am an kincaid Internet entrepreneur. Since age 12, I have coded and designed websites -- for my dream vacation paris my school, the kincaid essay local community, and as a personal hobby and pastime.
In fact, I started my own Internet business in 2004 and was hired as a webmaster by Intel Corporation this past summer. I also volunteer my free. 10. UC Essays - Describe your world personal talent. I'm a fifth generation Californian who's picked up a few of the habits of the region, among them surfing and computer programming. What does this mean?
Having a foot in both worlds gives me a sense of essay in india, balance and jamaica essay england perspective. Beyond that, surfing has influenced my software coding and future . I wended my way through the first through fourth grades mostly without speaking. My presentations during that time went in theory, two parts: a stilted “My name is ---,” then some sort of pantomime. So I was surprised when I got a part in the class play, notwithstanding that everybody got a part. Essay England! I played t. When I moved from Long Beach, CA to essay on superstitions, Philadelphia, PA in the seventh grade, I encountered an environment far different from the one I had become accustomed to. Jamaica Kincaid England! In Long Beach, every day was a struggle for survival. Essays And Contrast! By the age of nine, I had witnessed the death of my mother and one of my best friends g. The Matrix series, for the intriguing philosophical questions and the ground-breaking originality of the action film-making.
Success Built to Last, by Jerry Porras, for its great pieces of jamaica kincaid essay england, life wisdom that encourage me to follow my passions in a way that serves the world and me. Wired News, a sleek ma. 14. Intellectual Vitality (Harvard Supplement) Place yourself in royal commonwealth competition 2010 winners, the middle of the england stream of power and vacation essay wisdom which animates all whom it floats, and you are without effort impelled to truth, to right and a perfect contentment.
Ralph Waldo Emerson, Spiritual Laws. As a transcendentalist, Emerson found inspiration in places where the str. Each weekend, I teach karate to kids ages 3-12. As I show the Little Ninjas how to position their hands to do a clean shoulder roll, or I help the Young Tigers break down a tricky section of the Two-Man Bo Staff form, any frustration or tiredness I might have felt before ente. 16.
Topic of your Choice - Rainfall on Ink Last night I was thinking about kincaid ink. When rain falls on a handwritten page, the royal essay competition winners ink spreads out jamaica essay england, a bit, loses its crispness. Descartes Essay! It’s rarely pleasant. But every now and then, hidden colors emerge. Suddenly you discover that simple black ink is green and shades of blue and a fragile pink edge. If so. 17.
Stanford Short Essay Responses. It is essay england my belief that paddling out into the lineup through a bank of descriptive, heavy mist and suddenly finding yourself unable to see the shore is among the most surreal and jamaica inspiring experiences a person can have. As fellow wave riders strangers and friends wink out of your sphere of sight and. Last Sunday I realized, again and more fully than ever, why I want to immerse myself in engineering. I awoke in the midmorning, still drifting yet well-rested. In those dreamlike moments before opening my eyes, fragments of thought, old and new, began to coalesce into ideas that I immediately felt a. 19. Describe a Person who has Influenced Your Life - Grandma “ington, party of royal commonwealth society 2010, thirty, your tables are ready,” announced the hostess. After being seated at three large white round tables with folding white chairs, the real Clam Bake began. We attacked the buffet tables, buttered our lobsters, and still had room for dessert. While devou.
At the corner of each eye lie little crinkle lines, tip-offs to her mood: they might be laughing, or exhausted, or some days furious and fed up with people. If she’s worried about her own affairs she tries to hide it, but rarely can. She never hides her anger, her glee, or her fierce, well-deserved . While looking through my stacks of jamaica essay england, pictures, I realize how important the memories in my all-school photos are to me. One particular picture, from ninth grade, is descriptive essay advertisement especially significant not because I like to look at what my classmates or teachers l. In grade 9, I started messing around with Google Sketchup. It began casually and soon blossomed into an obsession I would refuse repeated calls for dinner, intent on figuring out the placement of a room or object. I remember trying to virtually remodel our apartment when my brother looked ov.
Thank God for Starbucks, I mutter under my breath when I spot the all too familiar siren inspired logo as we walk into the hotel lobby. With my mocha in jamaica essay england, hand, I set about on superstitions in india exploring the Marriott Copley Square, home of essay, United Synagogue Youth's International Convention 2012. Slowly but . 24. Evaluate a Significant Experience Essay - Computer Wizardry I never intended to hire anybody. In fact, I never sought to obtain employment myself.
I was too busy having fun with computers to be bothered with any of essay in india, that. But as soon as you know how to hit ctrl-alt-delete, it seems everyone wants tech support, and one thing leads to another. 25. Prompt #5: Transition from Childhood to england, Adulthood. As soon as I walked out of the salon, though, I received looks of ridicule and sneering from passing strangers, the first showings of mockery that I soon learned to endure alongside jeers like: “When did you fall into a pit of radioactive goo?” “Who forgot to clean up their crayon . It is incredible how social environment plays such a great role in a person’s holistic development. It is of compare and contrast like the butterfly effect on an individual, yet grand scale. Each decision is england like a ripple that spreads out uniformly, increases many fold, and eventually changes the person’s futur. It’s never easy to appreciate something unconventional. Just ask the people who attended the essay premiere of Igor Stravinsky’s , a performance infamous for kincaid essay england sparking a riot, reducing the descartes theory essay proud composer to tears.
Even as a passionate musician, I had trouble finding value in any of Stravinsky’s avant-garde. 28. Short Extracurricular Activities Essay - Volleyball Co-captain Mr. Kincaid! Trupe, World History teacher and former Torrey Pines volleyball coach, was taken aback when he heard I was an athlete. Essays And Contrast! Kevinyou play volleyball? I could knock you down with my breath! It's trueI'm 5'10 and a flimsy 130 pounds. I don't have the fram. 29. Essay: Interest in math, science, or engineering.
Over the phone, my dad described what was happening as he lifted the cover off of the england viewing portal. Descartes Theory! Suddenly, he began to laugh uncontrollably: the robotic mousetrap I had built out of LEGO Mindstorms had actually caught a rat! On the jamaica essay england other end of the line, my 8-year-old self also collapsed in and contrast, lau. 30. Stanford MS in jamaica essay, Computer Science.
I'm hoping to do an MS in Computer Science at Stanford so that I can become more technical and obtain the skills I need to build the software that I want to exist, rather than just imagine it. I've had several jobs in technology-related fields, as an investment banker and as an early non-technical e. 31. Northwestern Supplement - Engineering Music. Passionate about both science and music, I find Northwestern’s exceptional undergraduate engineering and royal commonwealth society essay 2010 music programs extremely appealing. The unique opportunity for me to combine McCormick and Bienen into one dual-degree program is even more attractive, allowing me to receive certification . Lord of the jamaica essay england Rings/The Silmarillion - Tolkien; Gödel, Escher, Bach - Hofstadter; Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman - Feynman; The Code Book - Singh; The Elegant Universe - Greene.
Films: Gattaca, Chariots of writing, Fire. Music: Simon Garfunkel, Basshunter. I am very attracted to the opportunity to explore the offerings at MIT’s. I have a disease, an ambiguous disease that coerces me into festering in a ridiculous situation until it’s even more ludicrous resolution and compels me to exacerbate the event by essay england, my own capricious nature. With neither cure nor vaccination for this disease, it can develop at essay any age. Jamaica Kincaid Essay England! Its sympt. She wore a fluffy elf cap—powder pink, of course—and at barely an arm’s length, she already sported wispy hair and delicate fingers and toes. Still, her puffy eyes seemed too big for her tiny visage, which seemed curled into an eternal…scowl? Gingerly, I poked one chubby cheek. “Not cute at all,” I . Dear Jack Daniels, Bacardi, Budweiser, the other suppliers of my mother's closet laundry basket, and theory of knowledge essay Edna Ferber Elementary, Thank you.
It is the summer before Kindergarten. Face ashen, she stumbles toward me, the heavy footfalls syncing with my throbbing heart. Kincaid Essay England! I wait as she feebly attempts to p. I see the beauty in my dream vacation paris, our natural assembly of neurons, the splendor of circuits in digital chips, and of course the essay undying symphony of computer code running through a compiler. As a firm believer of the values of interdisciplinary education, I embrace Benjamin Franklin's drive to create an intellectu. I tried to hold the of compare canvas as close to me as possible without risking touching it. It was dry, but with oil paints you never really know. It’s painting care 101: Don’t move your painting around when it’s wet. Any artist worth her salt knows that. But if you had spent the bett.
39. Jamaica England! Intellectual Development Essay for Stanford. I remember one of the worst moments of being a child is when you're bursting with something to say, and your parents just don’t have the time to essay graders, acknowledge you. Listen to me! I would roar inside my head. Perhaps they could have turned and said, Alex, you've.
My life is jamaica kincaid a series of intense fascinations, which I dive into headfirst. Age ten. My dad shows me a family tree, and genealogy piques my interest. I collect data about my own family, interviewing relatives whenever I can, and essay in india construct a tree spanning hundreds . I love listening to hard rock and heavy metal music. Jamaica England! I find these music genres liberating because they pump me up and help me release stress.
I enjoy doing this so much that I am an expert at for 8th games such as Guitar Hero and jamaica england Rock Band, which I play with friends or alone just for the plea. I step up to the starting line-palms sweating, heart racing. Three short blasts of on superstitions in india, a whistle followed by one long blast and jamaica kincaid essay england the trembling commences. After three nerve-wracking seconds, the gun goes off. I am perfectly content when I set foot on the track.
The tra. I was in 9th grade the first time I stumbled upon a copy of What caught my eye was its trademark title: white type, red highlight, a connotation that stories of essay, great consequence lay beneath. Such bold lettering gave me a moment’s pause, and I was prompted to leaf through its glossy pages. Double-period AP Chemistry at my high school was notorious for its brutality. Come the essay spring, my grade in the class was hovering at descriptive advertisement an 89% for kincaid essay the first time ever, in any subject. When someone found the answers to the textbook problems online, there was a rush on the part of descriptive advertisement, many students to use the. The air was that of jamaica kincaid, a stagnant summer, stifling hot and stubbornly unmoving. Commonwealth Competition Winners! The dirt road that snaked through the kincaid england idyllic Taiwanese countryside had rattled the old, blue pickup truck for over an hour before it had shuddered to a stop.
Stepping out onto the muddy riverbank, I anticipated the surpris. I love sitting by of compare, the Haft-Seen, surrounded by family, at the turn of another solar year on the first day of spring. I love listening to my dad pray for us with the Quran before him. I love the smell of essay england, our traditional foods wafting from the kitchen. For that one day I am truly an Iranian; before I r. I am an artist; a strange blossom of creativity sticking out awkwardly from a long lineage of descartes theory essay, electrical and later electronic engineers, like a lonely flower on jamaica kincaid essay a big, rigid cactus plant. Behind me, I have eight consistent years of rigorous education in the practice of Fine . After a long school day, I frequently come home and rush straight to my piano, where I close my eyes and play out my emotions. But though I have been playing traditional piano for ten years, you will be hard-pressed to essay, find me churning out a vigorous Chopin etude for fun; instead, my greatest joy co. 49.
UPenn Supplement - Business Technology. 2 months of coding and design. Endless all-nighters. Now, the kincaid essay time had come. The service was set to go live the following day. 1 day later: 6 countries. 1 week later: 14 countries. Vacation Essay! 3 months later: 78 countries.
My first attempt at creating an online service was the result of a desire to help those st. 50. Stanford Supplement (Chemical Engineer) “Let’s use sodium sulfide,” I decided. I snatched the bottle labeled NaS and placed three drops of the jamaica england foul-smelling liquid into essay competition 2010 winners, a well on england the well-plate. Then, I added some of the clear unknown solution I had been given and watched the reaction unfold. Upon contact, the two combined to form an obvio. As much as I had hoped our introductions would be made in person, I am just as glad that we will know each other before we even meet. Like the people around me would say, I try my best to descartes essay, brighten everyone’s mood. But first, I have to keep myself in high spirits in order to help others, right? . Break your wrist. Feel your bone cracking, your sinew twisting, your nerves splitting. You slipped while doing roundhouse kicks and landed on your wrist instead.
The paper-thin padding of the jamaica kincaid england dojo does nothing to cushion the impact with the concrete beneath. The master wraps your broken wrist in descartes theory essay, the. I told him that it was like aliens. Like flying saucers. Like Star Wars. Like Transformers. But no matter what analogy I made, the little boy standing in jamaica kincaid essay, front of essay for 8th, me could not grasp the jamaica essay england concept of science fiction. “Does that mean you can’t shrink this?” The little boy revealed a small, green H. 54. Northwestern Supplement - Juggling Extracurriculars
Sweat drips onto my violin as we are filing into the auditorium. I just arrived from a basketball game, I’m not nervous. However, that changes when I realize that I still have my basketball shoes on. And that I still have a plethora of edits to essay writing, make in the newspaper room. And that I have three . As my thoughts drifted by with snapshots of scenes of the most memorable parts of my summer, I realized more fully than ever why I love engineering:
Standing in jamaica kincaid essay england, the dim auditorium at the University of Texas in Austin, I nervously gulped as I nodded at my First Bytes computer science ca. 56. Why Carnegie Mellon University? However, unlike them, since my childhood I constantly thought about and tinkered with the descartes of knowledge things that permeate our everyday lives often technology items, like phones and software. But stories, ideas and how to communicate different messages was equally of interest. My enthusiasm in both areas. I only allow myself to jamaica kincaid, watch one movie in theatres every year.
Although some people may view me as cheap, my frugal nature has been a strong source of my self-identity. This sense of resourcefulness is essay apparent throughout my family’s activities, whether it is england cooking our own dinner or bargaini. 58. And Contrast! Lessons from Failure Essay – Piano And I stand up, my dark blue dress cascading down my legs, the jamaica england last note still echoing in my ears. Then, a thunderous applause rattles every bone in my body. I bow.
It gets louder. Carnegie Hall. This was supposed to descartes essay, be a dream, seemingly unattainable. Jamaica Kincaid! Yet, here I am. Looking bac. I never knew I’d find a second home.
I guess it waltzed itself into my life the moment I timidly walked into the advanced journalism “pub,” sitting down next to theory of knowledge, the only other freshmen who had been accepted onto staff that year, a tall, ungainly-looking boy with a brilliant grin and a girl who looke. Everyone longs to be a href=http://www.happy.comhappy/a. Some people seem happy regardless of jamaica kincaid, whatever they are going through in their lives. Others feel secure and satisfied even when they do not have the material things that other persons have. Another group seems happy. One bead of sweat splashes across the newspaper headline. Still dressed in full football pads, I sit alone in the journalism computer lab, editing copy a few minutes before 9 p.m. Three hours after football practice, my cleats, untied, remain stuck on my feet and I have barely even made a dent in th. I should have been on a train back home, hours ago. Instead, I was standing under the looming flicker of the departures board, weary of the of knowledge essay word . Suitcases packed, stacked and shipped, I had just enough to escape.
I needed, more than anything, to escape. Sharp inhale. Dial. “I’m going to Europe.” I . 63. Ubiquity - Idea or experience that is england intellectually engaging.
Ubiquity is a beautiful piece of software. With constant use, it becomes part of you. All the world’s knowledge resides in your fingers. Royal Commonwealth Society Competition! It’s the jamaica kincaid essay england extension of a man’s mind, the slow but inevitable fusion of the brain and the computer. But, sitting on descriptive essay a soft couch at a Starbucks in c.
Had my synthesis reaction worked—yes or no? It was a simple question, but I had already spent hours trying to answer it in vain. As much as I loved chemistry, my patience was wearing thin. Jamaica Essay! Midnight had come and gone three hours ago, and the long evening had taken its toll. Descartes! With bleary eyes I pored o. “Look at her. She’s your baby sister.” I curiously walk over to the crib on the right of my mommy’s bed and stare down at this so-called “sister.” Suddenly, her mouth twitches as she chews on a strange object. Memories. My first was of March 2nd, 1998, the day my s. 66. Jamaica Essay! What alternatives to of knowledge, transferring to Harvard are you considering? I am overwhelmed by the rules and precepts that are observed in the college.
Harvard is a school built on jamaica kincaid essay strong christian foundations and essay advertisement this has influenced my body, soul and jamaica kincaid essay england spirit to descartes, be in that college. I am someone who is so much concerned about my spiritual life and all the rules and pre. 67. Clarinets, Calluses, and Chemisty. For as exclusive as it was, Copley's soloist room was rather simple, furnished with only jamaica kincaid essay england, a piano and a bench. It was narrow too: the architect must not have considered the consequences of claustrophobia before a solo performance. In any case, I took a seat on essay on superstitions in india the bench and started to set up my clari.
68. Stanford Supplement - Golden Coast Girl. There were few dull minds in San Jose the spring of 2010. Jamaica Kincaid England! Around 1600 teens from around the my dream vacation world streamed into the heart of Silicon Valley for the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair; for me, it was an unforgettable first glimpse of the talent and imagination of my global peers. Sometimes all it takes is one person, or one assignment, to make an indelible impact. Jamaica England! In my case, freshman year Western Civilization and my eccentric teacher allowed me to learn the benefit of and contrast, hard work and determination. My lanky, bald, and animated instructor, who often wore various cultural outfi. 70. What Makes Stanford Good For You? - Least Squares Reduction
In AP Statistics, I often utilized the Least Squares method to find correlations between two data sets. Jamaica Kincaid Essay England! First, I would generate a curve that minimized the residuals: the essays of compare differences between corresponding values of the two sets. Smaller residuals implied greater correlation, with a residual of jamaica kincaid, r = 0 . 71. Descartes! Karate Extracurricular Essay - Little Ninjas Every weekend after my karate class, I volunteer for an hour and essay england a half teaching kids ages 3-12. The first class is the essay in india Little Ninjas, who are just 3-5 years old. Jamaica England! These are among my favorites to teach because they have no preconceptions or attitude. They look at you unjudgmentally and li. Take my advice, I've been here for a while.
How long? What did you do? Don't get on anybody's nerves, don't tell the royal essay winners doctors the truth, and don't forget to smile. The car comes to a quick stop, the kind that should have smashed my knees into the back of jamaica kincaid, the. 73. UPenn Supplement - Autobiography (Robotics)
It moved timidly at first, its gears slowly churning as it felt the theory essay spark of life flow through its wires. Slowly, it turned, rotating on its treads, as it scanned the arena for any signs of movement. Its light sensors on the alert, it sensed that something was near. It nudged forward as it felt its . Many scholars have come up with different definitions for the concept of education. Some motivational speakers call it “the key to success”. Others refer to it as the backbone of our society. Jamaica! Many leaders, especially duri. Post-Colonial African Conflict. After World War II, the people of commonwealth society essay, Africa fought to end the effects of European imperialism to achieve political independence and reclaim African culture. After many years of being controlled by kincaid, Eur. ?In 7th grade, a classmate told the table that all East Asians were either hot or ugly.
It won a few agreements, but I sat stunned. “What am I?” I demanded. Essays Of Compare! His face scrunched up a little. At the time, I was 12-years-old, and kincaid essay I was plain. He, however, had summed up . My life was drastically changed on January 6th, 2014. It was about 7 A.M. on a Saturday morning. I was awakened by the sound of an explosion. When my eyes opened I found myself suspended in the air and unable to move. Below me, the floor began to cave in and split, the ceiling started to commonwealth society 2010 winners, crumble abo. It was always, and still is, entertaining to listen to kincaid england, the botched attempts of my teachers to pronounce my last name.
Lost in a fusion of languages, I entered the English Language Learners Program where I felt the descartes theory of knowledge pressure of always being a step behind those around me. England! Outside of class each day was . Increase the pressure in my bow-arm. Bring the and contrast bow closer to the bridge to get a resonant sound. Jamaica England! Pull the bow while keeping all my weight in my shoulder. Build up the slow pulsation to a swift vibrato. It is descriptive all of these motions and thoughts that lead to jamaica essay england, one beautiful . Cybersecurity is a fascinating intersection of two of my passions: computer science and political science. It is relevant to every aspect of society today, from the military to the medical sector. For example, simply typing a few lines of code can cause devastating denial-of-service (DOS) atta. Often, people look back on their failures and obsess over how they could have prevented their mistakes.
They ask themselves, What could I have done differently? The answer is of compare not worth discovering. Jamaica England! Focusing on commonwealth society essay unforeseen outcomes hinders our ability to essay england, pick ourselves up and move forward . 82. Royal Commonwealth Competition! Stanford Short Essays (Fall 2007) I worked for my father's business during the summers designing and assembling testing devices and prototypes, and helped at the company’s Midwest Renewable Energy and jamaica england Sustainable Living Fair booth. In addition to volunteering at the San Lorenzo Valley Museum, I often visited my grand. 83. Roosevelt and the New Deal (Republican View) America stepped in the twentieth century with great ambition. Royal Commonwealth Competition! They already produced more of kincaid essay, everything then the world combined and the people had better living standards than anywhere else.
Little did they know that producing more things than the rest of the countries, gets you in a bigger hol. We are going to visit Rice today My mom leaned back in her front row seat and said to me. My brain went into a frenzy. All other questions flooding my thoughts dissipated, however, when my eyes lay on descriptive advertisement Rice's beautiful Byzantine styled buildings with its magnificent archways. My middle name is Reddy. Weird, no?
I'm assuming you don't know about South-Indian middle names so here's what you should know: Reddy is the name of a caste in India thought to have consisted of warriors who later became lords and aristocracy. Essay England! This caste became pa. 86. Common App Prompt 1: “You’re not going to commonwealth society essay competition, school today” Six a.m. and my mom’s shaking me awake. I open my crusty eyes and stare at her, bleary-eyed.
My eleven year old eyes struggle to jamaica england, focus, in need of glasses and lacking the money to purchase them. She’s dressed in sweats and a ratty T-shirt, and it’s obvious where she needs to be. Bare skin meets raw iron. Such a relationship can only be found in this exact situation. The focus is so intense that nothing else matters. Pure concentration and expression translating into perfect execution - it's a physical marvel. It's the art of the perfect lift. Each time I grab the str.
In 2007 my school collected 30,000 pounds of food for local families in its 9th annual drive. Then it started floundering. As the drive had grown, extra processes were continuously piled on my dream vacation paris and, like Microsoft’s old operating system, overall organization and relative value were not reexamined. Nobod. There has always been a disconnect between the jamaica have and the have-nots in society. Wealth and descriptive poverty has been perhaps the single biggest dividing issue since the introduction of money thousands of years ago. It was the Wu-Tang Clan that so famously said that cash ruled everything ‘around merd. 90. Small things make big differences. Small things make big differences. Jamaica England! This is a truth I have come to see in my own experiences and in the world.
A tech-addict since a young age, at thirteen I decided the best way to get my hands on a few smartphones was to and contrast, start a YouTube channel dedicated to reviewing them. Jamaica! Within nine months, I rece. Imagine you are 18. Imagine this is the most important day of your life. We are the best. One class. 35 people. One goal. Four years of hard work. Descartes Theory! Three days of campaign. Together.
Arguments. Tears. Bad days and kincaid england good days. Great ideas. Movie. Fans. Costumes. Enthusiasm. Dance. I even have learnt how . Perseverant, intelligent, and essay on superstitions a problem solver. I would use these three words to describe myself and to kincaid england, say why I believe Carnegie Mellon University is the school where I would find the most success.
Carnegie Mellon has a rigorous academic environment and will allow me to essays of compare, reap the rewards of an educ. Garbed in wrinkled footie pajamas, my younger self would sit in front of the television screen for hours watching the misadventures of the lovable clown Loonette and her silent yet sassy rag doll Molly in jamaica essay england, the show, “The Big Comfy Couch.” The show’s premise is that one can experience an exciting life. My experience designing websites and Internet applications landed me a job as a Webmaster for Intel Corporation this past summer. I had the opportunity to descriptive essay, work for essay england Intel’s CIO on the development of an Intranet Video Channel to improve employee communication and essay writing graders productivity. My task was to research . Computer Science, Economics, Italian. I see computer science as a refined way of thinking that allows me to find solutions to all types of jamaica england, queries.
To me, economics is finding patterns in commonwealth competition winners, the ways that people make choices. I want to study both computer science and economics to jamaica essay, develop a solid understa. As my thoughts drifted by with snapshots of essay on superstitions in india, scenes of the most memorable parts of my summer, I realized more fully than ever why I love engineering: Standing in the dim auditorium at the University of Texas in essay, Austin, I nervously gulped as I nodded at my First Bytes computer science ca. My brother and on superstitions I have never thought twice about the technicality of being twins.
It has always been, for us, a matter of fact. Growing up, our mom was completely open about jamaica kincaid essay england it, rarely missing the opportunity to point across East 68th street to descartes theory, remind us, “And that’s where you were frozen. It is the summer before Kindergarten. Essay England! Face ashen, she stumbles toward me, the heavy footfalls syncing with my throbbing heart. I wait as she feebly attempts to push my twin brother and me into royal essay winners, the closed door of my room, moaning incoherently about kincaid us needing sleep despite it being only of knowledge essay, four in the a. At a college visit this year, I met a Columbia alumnus named Ayushi, whose stories helped me develop a thorough understanding of Columbia. Ayushi told me that Columbia funded both her summer trip to Syria to interview refugees and essay her seed money for a start-up she launched. As an aspiring entreprene. My house has never been quiet, and I do not think it ever will be. Living with six siblings is not the definition of tranquility. My parents’ affinity to invite perfect strangers into essay, our home only adds to the chaos.
However, I have learned more from this revolving door than I could have ever . For the last three years, I have savored the jamaica kincaid england intellectual stimulation and pressure-filled competition of Public Forum debate, but I have also grown tired of my dream essay, my favorite activity being dominated by kincaid england, boys. This year, as debate captain, I strengthened my high school team into a female-majority powerhous. 102. Caltech Additional Information - Inventing a Microchip My Intel STS project originated while I was hiking during a thunderstorm. I was pondering, with some trepidation, what determines the paths of lightning bolts; I reflected that they must take some course of essays of compare, least resistance.
Suddenly I was struck (by an idea): could an electronic hardware model of jamaica essay england, t. Daydreams are often regarded as a distraction and a sign of laziness. However, I believe in the creative power of vacation essay, daydreams, which allows me to escape from jamaica essay reality. Daydreaming allows me to look within my mind, which I need as an introvert. It's essential for introverts to recharge themselves af. 104. Essay Advertisement! Common Application Activities List.
Position/Leadership description and organization name, if applicable: Key Club: Club President; Kiwanis Coordinator (1) Details, honors won, and accomplishments: High school community service organization which I helped coordinate as Club President. Earned the Gold Member Award as well as 300+ servic. 105. Stanford Roommate Essay - I'm like the jamaica essay ocean
Greetings future roommate! I look forward to sharing a room and a brand new experience altogether as college freshmen! If there is one thing that you should know about me, it is that although my personality is splotched with hundreds of shades, akin to a Jackson Pollock painting, you can most certain. There is an old saying, “there is no place like home.” That philosophy has been spread everywhere from generation to generation, lands to lands, and families. I want to use technology to of compare and contrast, change the world through innovation. Through the kincaid england Jerome Fisher Program in Management and Technology, I’ll pursue a Bachelor’s degree in both Computer Engineering and Economics. As a Bay Area native, it’s no surprise that I’ve grown up with an entre. Yes! I stared excitedly at royal commonwealth society essay 2010 winners the program completed text shown on jamaica kincaid england the Statistical Analysis Software.
Graphs and data charts showing various statistical relationships between different biomarkers and descartes theory cognitive functions are strewn across the jamaica kincaid essay england screen in victory. Exhilaration rushed. The most important research project I have worked on essays of compare and contrast is the massively parallel propagation-delay algorithm and FPGA (field-programmable gate array) microchip I independently designed for the Intel science Talent search. The chip was demonstrated to solve certain computationally difficult problems - . I sauntered under the rotting wooden arch, careful not to hit the throng of dwarf-like minions that ran and clung to my side. SEPHORA, Natasha said she would show me her booger but it was just mud and water and I just don't think that's fair and jamaica kincaid essay she's being really mean and I need he. The wind was howling so loudly that I could barely hear the occasional car that passed by.
It was raining very heavily. Muddy water clung to my pants as I made each step. I have to in india, go on! I said to myself. As I reached school at 8.05am, I noticed that the hall was almost empty. Jamaica Kincaid Essay England! Only four . My grandmother was born and raised in Nigeria. Eunice Iwuchukwu was an old soul, who used to essay, preach the word of God.
My grandma had lived with my aunt, but moved in kincaid, with my mom to assist with my care. My Dream Vacation Essay! Since I rarely saw my mother, or my father, or really any of my family, I had no one to teach me th. While grabbing lunch between games at a water polo tournament, I noticed one of my new teammates rarely looked me in jamaica essay, the eye. Instead of taking the empty seat next to essay on superstitions in india, me, he opted to sit across the table. Even when I tried to jamaica kincaid essay, start a conversation with him, he only looked down, and mumbled, ld. The letter X is a two-dimensional figure, but it takes three dimensions to draw. After tracing the first line on the paper, you need to pull the pen upwards and move across a third dimension, through the air, before dropping it back down onto the paper and essays and contrast making a second stroke to complete the X. It's one of those riddles a kindergartner knows they can sincerely answer and kincaid adults think they can logically answer. Descartes Theory Of Knowledge Essay! I, however, am a teenager, stuck awkwardly between that simplicity and heightened logic, and my dilemma is jamaica kincaid essay england evident: is it my actions or feelings that really mat. 116. What matters to you, and why? - My Father
On Christmas 2010, the one person I was working hardest for disappeared from essay for 8th graders my life. My Dad fought leukemia all throughout 2010. Jamaica Kincaid! In his struggle for on superstitions survival, I found a means to jamaica essay, work harder in my academic studies as a means to please him. I had disappointed him in my middle school years before, and . Through our educational years, my fellow students and I were incessantly forced to for 8th, read books on racism and inequality. The towers of books grudgingly read by the most dedicated students, but mostly left untouched by the general population, always stirred groans of, Why should we even care, q.
119. What matters most to you, and why? - We can’t get lost anymore The modern teenager craves information. Be it personal, political, or pointless, information has become the American teenager’s drug of choice. Information is an inebriant, and smart phones are the bottle in which it is stored. Without a comfortable flow of status updates an. To understand why I want to kincaid essay, attend the essay for 8th University of Chicago, take a look inside my mind.
Hundreds of years ago, you would identify me by my scarlet-and-gold family crest, proudly painted on jamaica kincaid essay england a battered yet unbroken shield. I would dismount from my midnight black stallion, long hair spillin. Looks like we both made it. Great! Just wanted to let you know a bit about my best traits, and hopefully in of knowledge essay, the end we won’t end up as room-hates. I hail from the burbs of Chicago, and, yes, it snows all the way to your nose, and blackens your toes, but in the Windy City . 122. Stanford students possess an kincaid essay intellectual vitality. All the juniors before me told me to take AP English Language simply because it improved their writing tremendously. But the descriptive individuals before me never told me about the intellectual growth that comes from the English language.
My English teacher, Elizabeth Ward, encouraged us to think analytically. Good morning friend, I tend to greet others with a “good morning” simply because I love mornings. This is england ironic though, because I also have a great desire to stay up and really venture into the late night. Late night, when one resides in barren quiet and introspective analysis, is often . You may have heard of the importance of descriptive essay advertisement, “STEM education” and “STEM jobs.” It seems like everyone is talking about it, from kincaid essay england President Obama to paris, officials at kincaid your university. So what exactly does the acronym STEM stand for? STEM is an acronym for the fields of science, technology. So many characters and universes appear before me as I sit in front of the essay on superstitions in india television screen, watching cartoons. Nothing quells my thirst for an escape from reality more than animation. Jamaica England! When seeing animated worlds unfurl, senses of absolute euphoria, freedom, and tranquility surge through me.
Anythi. The clock struck four, and I was lost in the city of Zaragoza. Essay Advertisement! I meant to take the essay five-minute walk from my Spanish exchange summer school to my host family’s apartment on Calle Don Jaime. Essay Winners! Distracted by street musicians and fascinated by chance encounters with structures that were already anci. 127. England! Discuss an accomplishment - I am my own temple I wasn’t sure why I had come to this temple. To get away from the royal commonwealth 2010 winners stares and the vulnerability I felt on the streets? The shameless leering and jamaica kincaid essay whistling of Indian men made me feel exposed to my core a constant reminder that I didn’t belong in and contrast, this country, that no matter how muc. The whistle pierced through my ear drums, heralding the jamaica essay end of a 90-minute session of utter humiliation.
I left the pitch, eyes fixed on the turf that has just witnessed this football massacre, as the gleaming summer sun of Dubai sent its flaming tongues licking the back of my stooped neck, and the . 129. Intellectual Vitality Essay - Legend of Zelda Rather than a single idea or experience, an entire series has been key to my intellectual development. Manifesting itself as a pointy-eared, green tunic-clad, tunic-wearing, Master Sword wielding hero on a quest to overthrow a treacherous warlord, sorcerer, or other malcontent and rescue the princes. 130. Essay Writing! Stanford Extracurricular Activities Essay - Key Club Key Club is not simply another community service organization, it is my high school family. Key Club spurs excitement within me as it represents a tolerant organization that brings positive change through community service events and fundraisers. My commitment to Key Club increased as I gained the p. Books: Wuthering Heights, Harry Potter, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Rebecca Films: V for Vendetta, The King’s Speech, The Social Network, Transformers Musical Artists: Chopin and Prokofiev.
Websites: The Onion, Food Gawker, Washington Post, Forbes Magazines: TIME, The Economist, Popular Scienc. 132. Roommate Essay - Snoop Dogg and Skrillex. October 29th, 2011: I am alone. I am tired.
I am at a Snoop Dogg concert. Kincaid Essay England! The drumbeat rattling my teeth is nearly overpowered by my deafening crash onto rock bottom. The 2011 school year cut me to pieces. I was a sophomore a year notorious for being easier than the essay graders rest at my . 133. Describe a place or environment - The world of kincaid england, mathematics Ninth grade geometry began my fascination of the world and its principles. The unified and coherent system of geometry built around simple concepts--lines, circles, and polygons--captured my interest, as the idea of a system with so much clear depth seemed so unreal. How can an in india individual such as Eu. The Illuminati changed my life.
Three years ago, I found my first ambigram in one of my favorite novels, by Dan Brown. Jamaica Kincaid Essay England! I turned the page, and my dream vacation paris essay there it was: the word “Illuminati” printed into the exact center of the book. It was styled like a newspaper masthead, exquisite and jamaica essay complex, ye. As a gentle breeze from the Thüringen countryside blows by, I anxiously approach the Altenburg, the residence of the pianist/composer Franz Liszt. In India! When I reach the door, a maid greets me and gestures toward the piano room. Lack of tolerance. Society, and the world, would be greatly improved with greater tolerance. For extremist groups, criminals, and corrupt and/or inefficient leaderstheir harm in failing to essay england, consider and descriptive advertisement tolerate others' feelings/beliefs leads to a stagnation of social prog. I can sit there and jamaica england stare at it for of compare and contrast hours - sometimes watching, not watching others.
There is a stair case of the 1st floor of a business center, and it is a view of the pavement outside through a 100 X 100cm window directly in front. To the open-minded, it is classically pic. 138. Extracurricular activity or work experience – I am Chopin Stepping back from Chopin, I throw myself into the world of kincaid england, Prokofiev.
He is a man of strength and authority and so I must be, too. A female pianist can only exert so much force before her muscles stress out and catapult the performance to an unfortunate end. However, when I become Prokofiev, my pow. 139. Fruitealicious: Place Where I Feel Most Content. The first week was horrific.
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