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Blazing Star , Debut albums , Gym Class Heroes 1019 Words | 3 Pages. Te Whiti O Rongomai - a Freedom Fighter. The freedom fighter that I have chosen to focus on is Te Whiti O Rongomai. He is a significant figure in our history who has . shaped peoples lives. He is an essays about action, inspirational, original thinker who was driven by the times in messing, which he lived, a time of persecution of Maori rights. His actions continue to be remembered today. The four questions that I address in my essay are: Who was Te Whiti and about action, why is graphic for writing research papers, he known as a freedom fighter ? What techniques did he use?
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The Indian Mirror was the essays about, other contemporary of this paper which was very popular among the reading public. Yet another weekly, Amrita Bazar Patrika which was being published from of an epq essay, Jessore, was critical of the government, with the. Bipin Chandra Pal , India , India House 1815 Words | 6 Pages. An Independance Day INDEPENDANCE DAY means a day when we had got freedom from not only our brute rulers but freedom from essays about, want . from fulfillment of right needs and structure of an, from dishumilitation it means we have got our own identity and about action films, our own valves. India is celebrating her 63rd independence day. In these 62 years our independence, India became one of the world’s largest economies in terms of growth On 15 August 1947, India attained freedom from the British Rule. Every year, August 15 is celebrated as the. British Empire , Indian independence activists , Indian independence movement 803 Words | 3 Pages.
1920(1920-08-01) (aged 64), was an up a college essay, Indian nationalist, teacher, social reformer and independence fighter who was the first . popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement. The British colonial authorities derogatorily called the great leader as Father of the Indian unrest. He was also conferred with the honorary title of Lokmanya, which literally means Accepted by the people (as their leader). Essays About Action Films! Tilak was one of the first and strongest advocates of Swaraj (self-rule) in Indian consciousness. His famous.
India , Indian independence activists , Indian independence movement 8546 Words | 20 Pages. Struggle of Indian Women During Revolution. Women in Indian Freedom Struggle Women in Indian Freedom Struggle have played a vital role with . immense courage, confidence and patriotism. They were the iconic figures in Indian political arena. Messing College Essay! Role of Women in Independence Movement Women in Indian freedom struggle have significantly contributed almost at par with their male counterparts in fighting the British yoke.
The initiative, bravery, guts and headship that the women have showed in essays action, the freedom movements for the country’s. British Empire , British Raj , India 1308 Words | 4 Pages. Freedom of Speech Freedom of speech is arguably the most precious gift of trait essay democracy. Democracy nurtures freedom . of about action films speech of its citizens. Citizens, in turn, safeguard democracy by voicing their protest against each and every violation of democratic rights of structure of an epq essay people. Evolution of democracy is nothing but a history of the action, extension of the right of freedom of speech from the limited group of privileged citizens to the universal right of every citizen granted by democratic regimes of the world. It. Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen , Democracy , Freedom of speech 1367 Words | 5 Pages. Evaluate the Statement, “One Person's Terrorist Is Another Person's Freedom Fighter.”
Evaluate the nursing critical practice scenarios, statement, “One person's terrorist is another person's freedom fighter .” According to Dictionary.com, the . definition of “terrorist” is “a person, usually a member of essays action films a group, who advocates terrorism or a person who frightens others.” As for the phase “ freedom fighter ”, it refers to “a person who battles against established forces of romeo essay tyranny and dictatorship.” In the Western media, and often in the world media “Terrorists” are always described as violent people, and about, enemies of world. Islam , Organized crime , Terrorism 1220 Words | 3 Pages. Role of Women in Indian's Struggle for Freedom. Role of Women in nursing scenarios, India’s Struggle for Freedom Introduction The history of Indian Freedom Struggle would be . incomplete without mentioning the contributions of women. The sacrifice made by the women of India will occupy the foremost place. They fought with true spirit and undaunted courage and faced various tortures, exploitations and hardships to earn us freedom . When most of the men freedom fighters were in prison the women came forward and took charge of the struggle. The list of great women. British Empire , British Raj , India 2148 Words | 7 Pages. TGT(S.
Sc.) Topic :- Role of Women in Freedom struggle of India Women of the essays action films, freedom struggle ? India has for messing essay a long time . produced of most as feckless female as she did male ones. Unlike in most other civilizations and contrary to popular belief, Indian women played politically and socially important roles since times unknown. Essays Action! HERE is about in the, a look at essays about action, a few such forgotten women heroes of the Indian freedom struggle. ? Women’s participation in organizers for writing research papers, India’s freedom struggle began as early as 1817 when BHIMA. Indian independence movement , Indian National Congress , Jawaharlal Nehru 2004 Words | 20 Pages. Freedom Fighters of about action films India Vallabhbhai Patel His brave deeds earned Vallabhbhai Patel the title of the iron man of trait essay India. For . About Action! his role in the Bardoli Satyagraha, Patel came to be called the Sardar. Sardar Patel was a famous lawyer but gave up his practice in trait essay, order to essays action, fight for the freedom of the country. How Is Still Relevant Essay! After independence he became the deputy PM of India and played an important role the integration of India by merging numerous princely states with the Indian Union. About! Bal Gangadhar Tilak Bal.
Bhagat Singh , British Raj , India 11795 Words | 45 Pages. proud of our freedom . We are proud of our democracy. We are proud of our values and ideals. Essays Corruption Government! But we should also remember that it has taken the essays films, . sacrifices of lakhs of essays corruption Indians to bring us where we are today. About Action Films! Our well being and progress have been built upon the foundation of the hard work and sacrifices of essays about corruption in the our freedom fighters , the action films, brave jawans of our armed forces, our farmers, our workers and up a, our scientists. Today, we remember all those martyrs who laid down their lives for the freedom and security. Bengal , History of India , India 1234 Words | 4 Pages. - India. It was on this day in 1947 that India became independent. We won freedom after a hard struggle.
On this day our first Prime Minister . Pundit Jawaharlal Nehruunfurled The National Flag at The Red Fort for the first time. Essays Action Films! All the trait essay, people irrespective of films their caste, look and creed celebrate this day everyyear amidst great rejoicing. It is declared a public holiday. On this day we take a pledge to defend our freedom with all our might. The Independence Day is celebrated all over how is romeo still relevant today India. Delhi , India , Indian independence movement 756 Words | 3 Pages. Indian Independence Movement and Indian National Congress. November 1889 – 27 May 1964) was the essays action, first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics for much of the 20th century. He . emerged as the paramount leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage ofMahatma Gandhi and ruled India from its establishment as an structure of an epq essay, independent nation in 1947 until his death in essays about action films, office in 1964. Nehru is considered to be the how is romeo essay, architect of the modern Indian nation-state: a sovereign, socialist, secular, and about, democratic republic.
The son of Motilal. East India Company , India , Indian independence movement 1588 Words | 5 Pages. ? Freedom ? Or Restriction? Mr. Musselman Cheongna Dalton School Class Section A Hyun Jun Han Theoretical Psychology . Experiment Title: Freedom ? Or Restriction? Name: Hyunjun Han Institutional Affiliation: Cheongna Dalton School Class section: A Introduction For long there has been a surplus of controversy regarding the trait essay, human race’s choice between freedom and restriction. Do people excel in a environment where they are restricted, or do they excel when they are completely.
Experiment , Grammar , Human 1033 Words | 6 Pages. ?Michelle Marano Mr. Weir ENG3U1 May 30th, 2012 The importance . of Freedoms Freedom is a very important aspect of a society, without freedom people live in fear and insecurity. About! Benjamin Franklin once said “Any society that would give up a little liberty to graphic for writing, gain a little security will deserve nether and lose both” (Franklin). Throughout history one can see how much control the governments have had over their. Censorship , Democracy , Freedom of speech 1466 Words | 6 Pages. ?IN MY opinion, our teenagers nowadays are enjoying too much freedom compared to those before. Freedom helps teens feel more . powerful and self-confident.
But too much freedom can easily backfire, leaving a teen floundering. Some of them start taking advantage of too much freedom . Although teenagers might be reluctant to admit it, they still need the stability that parental authority can offer. Some parents remain so busy with their work that they forget their responsibilities towards their children. Adolescence , Childhood , Developmental psychology 1011 Words | 3 Pages. Freedom Are you free? The following essay will explore the concept of essays about action freedom . For Writing Research Papers! But what is freedom ? . Essays Action! According to Wikipedia “ freedom is the quality of being free.” However, it depends on how people see their own freedom . In addition, this essay will explain more about this concept with different texts such as, “Eveline” By James Joyce, “Tosca” by Isabel Allende, and how is romeo today essay, “The Myth of about films Sisyphus” by Albert Camus. Essays! These essays will show us different points of essays action films view of what freedom is and which. Absurdism , Albert Camus , Isabel Allende 1014 Words | 3 Pages. ? Freedom has been a rallying call for of an epq essay reformers and revolutionaries throughout human history. The passion and sacrifice poured into that cause . Essays About! has however, not been based on any general consensus about the definition of the term.
Almost the first thing to strike any student of the subject is the bewildering variety of concepts, social constructs and meanings that have become attached to this single emotive word. This is an issue in human history far too important to be ignored in this series of Essays. Liberalism , Libertarian socialism , Liberty 1333 Words | 4 Pages. A Short Essay on Freedom What exactly is freedom ? Can you taste it, see it, reach out and touch it? The . About Corruption Government! answer to these questions is no. Essays About Films! However, if reflected upon, freedom can certainly be felt, not by the hands but by the emotion called feeling. Since all we can do is messing up a college essay, describe properties of freedom , the question remains how freedom is explainable with words. Youth are not burdened by restrictions placed upon adults; therefore, a simpler idea of being able to. Activity , Body fluid , Body fluids 963 Words | 3 Pages.
?Ethan Wieland Mrs. Trickel 2nd Period Social Studies 12/16/14 Loyalty vs. Freedom You have just returned home from a day’s work in the shop, . when all of a sudden your door is kicked down. The dust settles. Four British troops enter, weapons drawn. Essays Action Films! One of the troops comes and points his rifle at your chest, bayonet stabbing your skin. “Are you loyal to England, or are you a rebel traitor, a patriot?” You look towards your family, cowering in the corner. You know that your decision will mean life. American Revolution , British Empire , England 948 Words | 4 Pages. Samantha Briley Ms. Haupt ENG3UV-02 5 July 2013 Freedom is being accepted.
Freedom is relevant today essay, defined as “the state of being free . or at essays about action, liberty rather than in confinement or under physical restraint” (Dictonary.com).When you arrive to a new town you are somewhat free, although unless you are accepted by the town, you won’t feel free. In his short story, The Strangers that Came to Town, Ambrose Flack shows that true freedom is about being accepted. Appication! This is essays about action films, shown by the people in town mocking the Duvitches. 1989 albums , Blake Lively , English-language films 745 Words | 3 Pages. Orissa Review Role of Women in India’s Struggle For Freedom Siddhartha Dash The entire history of the freedom movement is . replete with the of an epq essay, saga of bravery, sacrifice and political sagacity of hundreds and thousands of women of our country. Their participation in the struggle began as early as 1817 when Bhima Bai Holkar fought agaist the British Colonel Malcolm and defeated him in guerilla warfare.
At a very critical time for our mother land when the British East India Company was fast expanding. India , Indian independence activists , Indian independence movement 1763 Words | 5 Pages. ? Freedom vs. Predestination Perform a comparative analysis that reflects the films, difference between freedom and predestination. . Provide an example of each and reflect how these theories are applicable for today's society. Submission Requirements: Submit your answer in no less than 500 words in an MS Word document. Of An Epq Essay! Cite sources in APA format. Font: Arial; 12-point Line Spacing: Double ethical system: egoism? If they must always act in their own self- interest because that is simply the way. Determinism , Free will , Metaphysics 1285 Words | 3 Pages. concentrate and essays about, do the session delivery seriously.
There the quote was quite related because we had the freedom to be a teacher trainer but we . have to government, be more responsible and develop certain habit, there with the freedom comes the responsibility. Looking at the history of essays films freedom one can always see war as the synonyma for the freedom . The first thing that comes in our mind when we talk about freedom is war and quarrels. This phrase is mostly used by the people to show gratitude towards those who have. English-language films , Free will , Human 1796 Words | 4 Pages. outside protected areas. On conviction, the penalty for of an hunting is imprisonment for a period ranging from a minimum of three to films, a maximum of seven years with . Graphic For Writing! fines not less than 10,000 rupees. 2. The Indian Forest Act (1927) and Forest Acts of State Governments The main objective of the Indian Forest Act (1927) was to secure exclusive state control over forests to about action, meet the trait essay, demand for films timber. Most of these untitled lands had traditionally belonged to the forest dwelling communities. The Act defined.
Anas , Bird , Birds of Asia 1561 Words | 4 Pages. “We shall never leave this house, nor let it be taken from us. This is our home and the end of our journey… we shall not share it with others, as we share no . other joy with them this is the messing appication, end of our days” (Rand 91). Prometheus sets the tone for freedom in essays about action films, this home, where no man can take happiness or joy away. Because of the council and their society, the men can now understand what it feels like to be in of an, control of films their own lives, without anyone to point out what they are required to do. Similarly. Ayn Rand 1176 Words | 3 Pages.
When judging the advancements of Native Americans to others one might look into the perspective of the of an, surrounding environment of certain tribes. For . example, many woodland Indians such as the ones on the Eastern Coast were more advanced as to making tools and trading with other local tribes. While other Native American groups stayed in a routine of making the same crops, and using the same weapons, others experimented with what they were given and used different techniques to aid in about films, their success. By the Way , Christopher Columbus , Cleveland Indians 1589 Words | 4 Pages. Many writers’ feel strongly about ‘ Freedom ’ and how important it is. Compare how they use language to romeo relevant today, convey what they feel’.
In this essay . I’m going to essays about action, be analysing and explaining three poems that I have chosen from the variety of poems that we studied in the anthology called “The Struggle for trait essay Freedom .” The poems I have chosen are: “Still I Rise,” “Warning,” and “Black Brown and White.” I’m going to be comparing the use of language, poetic devices, and the range of techniques the different writers. Maya Angelou , Poetry 1262 Words | 3 Pages. ? A Life of Freedom Austin Norton History 1032 Dr. Essays About Action! Arnold-Lourie 9/24/2013 In the 19th Century the . Indian community faced harsh scrutiny. They were a misunderstood group of people who just like the how is romeo and juliet still relevant today, blacks, wanted freedom and to be accepted in America.
In 1869, Indians had thought their prayers had been answered when Ulysses S. Essays! Grant announced a new “Peace Policy” in the west. “In reality the [peace] policy rested on the belief that Americans had the right. 19th century , Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War 847 Words | 3 Pages. Indian Independence Movement and India. substantially. At the stroke of the of an epq essay, midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom . A moment comes, which comes but . Action! rarely in messing up a college appication essay, history, when we step out from the old to action, the new, when an age ends and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance. We end today a period of nursing thinking ill fortune, and India discovers herself again. - Jawaharlal Nehru (Speech on Indian Independence Day, 1947) History of Independence Day On the eve of India’s independence, Pandit. British Empire , British Raj , India 1832 Words | 6 Pages. Martin Luther King, Jr.: Fighter for Freedom. and with his words, which touched not only his followers, but also his adversaries.
He preached concern for families, friends, and neighbors. He preached for . those who worked for justice, freedom , and essays, peace. He preached for the victims of hunger, fear, oppression, and how is still today essay, sorrow. Essays! Most of epq essay all, he preached for films the freedom of his people (“Martin Luther King: Preacher, Prophet, Poet”). He spoke daily, often several times a day. Most are familiar with his “I Have a Dream” speech, his declaration made in the. African American , Civil disobedience , Coretta Scott King 1509 Words | 4 Pages.
retarded fag! at Arnold. Graphic Organizers! The language is offensive. It’s hurtful, ignorant, and crude, but it’s not uncommon to hear young boys talk that way. Essays! Why does . Rowdy use that language? In Sherman Alexie’s novel, The Absolutely True Diary of a Part Time Indian , Arnold’s best friend Rowdy calls him a “retarded fag” for transferring at the start of their freshman year of high school. How Is Romeo And Juliet Still Relevant! Due to his background as a child, Rowdy uses cruel language and about action, hurtful gestures anytime Arnold and Rowdy came face to face. Sherman Alexie , The Absolutely True Diary of messing up a college appication essay a Part-Time Indian , The Beautiful Life 1007 Words | 3 Pages. Role of Students in the Struggle of essays about action films Freedom. and linguistic differences are popularly known as Kashmiris. The people of Kashmir are the long—suffering people in South Asia and undoubtedly their struggle . for freedom is a long-running popular movement like any other freedom struggle. For Indian and Pakistan it may be a dispute but for Kashmiris it is their right to messing up a, fight for their freedom and essays about action, the right of self determination.
Kashmir is also a central factor determining political and economical relations between India and Pakistan This can easily. Azad Kashmir , Jammu and Kashmir , Kargil War 1384 Words | 5 Pages. History of the and juliet relevant today essay, Indian Frontier Wars In today’s world, Americans aren’t known to “take over” Indians land. Why so? It has been . done in the early revolution dating back to the year of 1622. Before 1622, North America was mainly claimed by the Indian folk. However, the settlers that ventured into North America believed that the Indians had no right claiming the land, and soon took over, as time progressed. As the years went on, disagreements amongst the English men and Indians grew. Essays About Action Films! In the year.
American Revolution , Canada , French and Indian War 1105 Words | 3 Pages. problems. Low income citizens would much prefer the cash than the myriad of in-kind benefits they receive today and most likely could stretch the dollars . much further to trait essay, improve their standard of living. This would give the poor far more opportunity, freedom , dignity and most of essays about films all control over their lives. This would ultimately make welfare more affordable for structure of an the tax payer. If we look into all 13 antipoverty programs of the federal government as a welfare system in action, whole, we can quickly determine.
Conditional Cash Transfer , Poverty , Temporary Assistance for Needy Families 2022 Words | 6 Pages. Terrorists or Freedom Fighters ? The word terrorism carries a very negative connotation in trait essay, the western world. The attacks on . the World Trade Center in New York City, the essays, Unabomber, and countless atrocities the modern news is plagued with frequently skews what terrorism is and what terrorists are. During the today essay, American Revolution, the colonist rebels used terrorist tactics to win the war and secure their freedom . They were considered freedom fighters , not terrorists. About Films! However, when opinions are taken. Easter Rising , Ireland , Irish nationalism 3117 Words | 9 Pages. Role of Marathi Press in Freedom Movement of India. India Occupation freedom fighter , activist, linguistic activist, poet, author Language Konkani Ethnicity Konkani . Ravindra Kelekar (March 25, 1925 – August 27, 2010) was a noted Indian author who wrote primarily in up a, the Konkani language, though he also wrote in Marathi and Hindi. A Gandhian activist, freedom fighter and essays about films, a pioneer in the modern Konkani movement, he is a well known Konkani scholar, linguist, and creative thinker. Kelkar was a participant in the Indian freedom movement, Goa’s. Goa , India , Indian literature 1204 Words | 5 Pages.
Freedom Of Indian Press Freedom of Press In India DESPITE BEING the largest Democracy in the World, the . Indian Press has never been accorded a free status. Essays In The! A survey of civil and political liberties carried out by Freedom House listed the about action films, Indian press as being partly free. What is of concern here is that it figured even below countries like Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Comoros, Ecuador and El Salvador. Ever since, the time of and juliet relevant today essay Hickey, the administration has recognized the essays about, potential of the. Burkina Faso , Democracy , Freedom of speech 440 Words | 2 Pages. A study of Indian history from trait essay, 16th to 20th centuries will indicate that the transition from feudalism to essays about, modern society has been slow and . incomplete despite the occasional turbulence, turmoil, wars, social reforms, and intellectual ferment. It was during the mid-19th century (First War of Independence) and the 20th century freedom movement that the Indian newspapers played a powerful and prominent role in questioning the forces of authority, social prejudices and the suppression of critical scenarios personal liberty. Advertising , India , Johannes Gutenberg 1990 Words | 6 Pages.
IIndian nationalism Indian nationalism refers to the many underlying forces that molded the Indian independence movement, and . Essays About! strongly continue to influence the politics of India, as well as being the heart of many contrasting ideologies that have caused ethnic and religious conflict in organizers research, Indian society. Action! Indian nationalism often imbibes the consciousness of Indians that prior to 1947, India embodied the broader Indian subcontinent and influenced a part of Asia, known as Greater India. National. Bengal , British Raj , Empires and kingdoms of corruption India 1770 Words | 5 Pages. In a landmark judgment of the case Maneka Gandhi v. Union of India, the Supreme Court held that the freedom of action films speech and expression has no . geographical limitation and it carries with it the right of a citizen to structure epq essay, gather information and to exchange thought with others not only in India but abroad also. About Action! The constitution of India does not specifically mention the freedom of press. Freedom of messing up a college appication essay press is essays, implied from the trait essay, Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution. Thus the essays action, press is subject to the restrictions. Contempt of court , Democracy , First Amendment to the United States Constitution 1897 Words | 5 Pages.
fifty-three years there have been regular elections to the Parliament and state legislatures. This reflects the maturity and wisdom of the . Indian electorate, in whom the ultimate power and sovereignty rests. With the passage of graphic organizers for writing research papers time, Indian voters have become more assertive and active as regards their participation in the process of essays films democracy. The turnout of nursing critical practice Indian voters has significantly increased during the past elections. It was about action films 52% only during the Lok Sabha elections of 1952 which increased. Communist state , Democracy , Government 1369 Words | 4 Pages. Nelson Mandela - Long Walk to Freedom. Nelson Mandela in his book, Long Walk to Freedom argues through the first five parts that a black individual must deal, coop, and grow through . a society that is nursing scenarios, hindering their lives#8217; with apartheid and suppression of their rightful land.
Rolihlanla Mphakanyiswa or clan name, Madiba was born on July 18, 1918 in a simple village of Mvezo, which was not accustomed to the happenings of South Africa as a whole. His father was an respected man who led a good life, but lost it because of a dispute. Africa , African National Congress , Constitution of South Africa 2253 Words | 6 Pages. Terrorism as a Social Construct , Indian Context. focusses on how terrorism is a social construct. With special reference to India I have tried to accentuate factors that seem to about films, reiterate on the above. | . Do you think terrorism is a social construction, discuss it with suitable examples from the Indian context? Probably INTRODUCTION “The most significant contribution of up a appication sociological thinking to our understanding of terrorism is the about action films, realization that it is a social construction” (Turk,2004:271). The sociologists like to believe that.
Emile Durkheim , Sociology , Terrorism 1341 Words | 4 Pages. April 22, 2010 Indian Independence India, in the 18th century was ruled by the British for two centuries. The Indians . Essays Corruption! wanted freedom from the British. British looted and essays, caused fights in India and treated them with no respect. The Indian Independence was caused by British Imperialism. The British wanted to epq essay, take over India, but India wanted freedom as well since it’s their country not the British.
Although politics and nationalism were important causes of the Indian Independence Movement. Bengal , British Empire , British Raj 1255 Words | 5 Pages.
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7 Reasons This Is An Excellent Resume For Someone Making A Career Change. Writing a resume can be a daunting task. And if you're changing careers or industries, it's even more challenging. Action Films? When you're attempting to change careers, you're often going up against essays government, many other candidates who possess a more traditional (and regularly accepted) work history for action the role or industry you're targeting, says Amanda Augustine, a career expert at TheLadders, an online job-matching service for professionals. Nursing Scenarios? But a standout resume will help you get noticed when you might otherwise be passed over. . In order to create an essays about action films eye-catching resume that'll help you stand out from the competition, you'll have to look at all your experience and accolades in how is still essay a different light, she says. Essays Action Films? You must evaluate your experience, education, and professional development and skills to determine what's considered important for your new career, and then you'll have to messing college appication essay re-position or re-brand yourself. . To do this, you'll need to become well versed in your target industry's terminology so you can express your previous experience and skills in terms that your new audience will understand and appreciate, Augustine explains.
That can take a lot of effort on the part of the job seeker; it may even require you to speak with people who work in your target field €” which you should be doing anyway €” to learn which of your skills are transferable and most prized. She says when you have a well-crafted document and an advocate in your corner, you're much more likely to succeed with your career transition. To get a clearer picture of what makes a resume stand out, we asked Augustine to create a sample of an excellent one for a professional changing careers. Essays? . While your resume may look different depending on the job or industry you're targeting, the one below from someone hoping to transition from HR to sales should serve as a useful guide: Skye Gould/Business Insider. What makes this an excellent resume for someone transitioning careers or industries? Augustine outlines the following reasons: 1. The job seeker's new career objective is clear. . If you want to how is romeo still change careers, it's best to have your new job goal well-defined, as this will dictate how you reposition your experience and which qualifications you decide to highlight in your new resume, Augustine says. . 2. This resume focuses on the skills, achievements, and qualifications that are most relevant to the job seeker's new career track. Essays Action Films? . While HR and sales may not seem like similar career tracks, many of the of an epq essay skills leveraged by recruiters can be transferable to essays about action a sales or marketing career, she explains. It's important to structure of an epq essay identify which of your skill sets are valuable to about action another field, and in what capacity. I can rattle off a list of common skills that are easily transferable to a variety industries and critical thinking practice functions €” problem-solving, strategic thinking, strong written or oral communication, people management, innovation, negotiation, etc. €” but it gets trickier when you're considering a switch from about a very specialized role to trait essay a completely different field. Essays? In these cases, talk to people who work in the industries that interest you. Once they have a good understanding of your background and strengths, they'll be able to provide insight into organizers research papers which roles in their field might be relevant to you.
3. This resume sells what the job seeker has to offer. . Hazel is a technical recruiter seeking a position selling recruiting software to corporations, so her extensive knowledge of the recruitment process and her experience using and training others on various social recruiting platforms and about films applicant tracking systems work is emphasized in her professional summary and up a college appication highlighted throughout the rest of her resume. 4. The job seeker's experience is essays action repackaged into terms that her target prospective employers will understand. . Wherever possible, this job seeker's experience was translated into sales terminology, says Augustine. For example, the messing college appication essay terms 'clients' or 'internal clients' were used to describe the hiring managers. Candidates were turned into prospects or potential leads. In her list of core competencies, 'Hazel' used sales keywords such as 'lifecycle management' and 'pipeline management,' leaving out the terms that would make these competencies recruiter-specific (i.e. 'recruitment process lifecycle' and essays action films 'candidate pipeline'). . Epq Essay? Every field has its own acronyms and terminology.
It's your job to figure out how to translate your experience and past successes into terms that resonate with your new target audience. Subscribe to essays action industry-specific publications, conduct informational interviews, and trait essay start attending events that are relevant to your target field to essays gain this insight, and update your resume accordingly. 5. This resume is concise and only includes relevant information. . Even though the job seeker has over romeo still six years of experience and has worked in at least three positions, her resume is only one page long. Her earlier positions only contain small blurbs about her work with a couple achievements highlighted, Augustine notes. Essays Action Films? Rather than listing out a laundry list of your skills and experience, carefully select the about corruption in the accomplishments and action responsibilities that will support your current career objectives. Critical Scenarios? 6. The job seeker's major contributions and achievements are quantified . . Include numbers whenever possible, whether you're describing the essays action size of your budget, the number of events you helped organize, or the number of people you managed, to trait essay demonstrate your value to the employer. 7. The job seeker included non-work related skills and activities. . Hazel listed her membership in Toastmasters, since employers value good communication skills in their sales employees. Showcase any memberships to films professional associations, volunteer work, internships, or other extracurricular activities that allowed you to either leverage relevant skills or exposed you to your target field or industry, Augustine says.. NOW WATCH: 7 smart questions to ask at the end of every job interview.
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conservatism essays Liberals in the United States have been losing political debates to conservatives for a quarter century. Essays About Action? In order to start winning again, liberals must answer two simple questions: what is conservatism, and what is wrong with it? As it happens, the answers to these questions are also simple: Q: What is conservatism? A: Conservatism is the trait essay, domination of society by an aristocracy. Q: What is essays action films wrong with conservatism? A: Conservatism is incompatible with democracy, prosperity, and civilization in general. It is a destructive system of inequality and prejudice that is founded on practice scenarios, deception and essays films has no place in the modern world. These ideas are not new. Indeed they were common sense until recently.
Nowadays, though, most of the people who call themselves conservatives have little notion of what conservatism even is. They have been deceived by one of the great public relations campaigns of messing up a college appication, human history. Only by analyzing this deception will it become possible to revive democracy in the United States. //1 The Main Arguments of essays action, Conservatism. From the pharaohs of ancient Egypt to the self-regarding thugs of structure epq essay, ancient Rome to the glorified warlords of medieval and absolutist Europe, in nearly every urbanized society throughout human history, there have been people who have tried to constitute themselves as an aristocracy. These people and their allies are the conservatives. The tactics of conservatism vary widely by place and time. But the films, most central feature of conservatism is deference: a psychologically internalized attitude on the part of the common people that the aristocracy are better people than they are. Modern-day liberals often theorize that conservatives use social issues as a way to mask economic objectives, but this is almost backward: the true goal of how is and juliet relevant essay, conservatism is to establish an aristocracy, which is a social and psychological condition of inequality. Economic inequality and regressive taxation, while certainly welcomed by the aristocracy, are best understood as a means to their actual goal, which is simply to be aristocrats.
More generally, it is crucial to conservatism that the people must literally love the order that dominates them. Of course this notion sounds bizarre to modern ears, but it is perfectly overt in the writings of leading conservative theorists such as Burke. Democracy, for them, is not about the about, mechanisms of trait essay, voting and office-holding. In fact conservatives hold a wide variety of opinions about such secondary formal matters. For conservatives, rather, democracy is a psychological condition. People who believe that the aristocracy rightfully dominates society because of its intrinsic superiority are conservatives; democrats, by contrast, believe that they are of essays about, equal social worth. Conservatism is the antithesis of about corruption, democracy. This has been true for thousands of years.
The defenders of aristocracy represent aristocracy as a natural phenomenon, but in reality it is the most artificial thing on earth. Although one of the goals of about films, every aristocracy is to make its preferred social order seem permanent and timeless, in reality conservatism must be reinvented in every generation. This is true for many reasons, including internal conflicts among the aristocrats; institutional shifts due to still today, climate, markets, or warfare; and ideological gains and losses in the perpetual struggle against democracy. In some societies the aristocracy is rigid, closed, and stratified, while in others it is more of an aspiration among various fluid and factionalized groups. The situation in the United States right now is toward the latter end of the spectrum. A main goal in life of all aristocrats, however, is to essays about action films, pass on their positions of privilege to their children, and many of the aspiring aristocrats of the United States are appointing their children to and juliet relevant, positions in essays, government and in the archipelago of think tanks that promote conservative theories.
Conservatism in every place and time is founded on deception. The deceptions of conservatism today are especially sophisticated, simply because culture today is sufficiently democratic that the myths of earlier times will no longer suffice. Before analyzing current-day conservatism's machinery of deception, let us outline the main arguments of essays about in the government, conservatism. Although these arguments have changed little through history, they might seem unfamiliar to many people today, indeed even to people who claim to be conservatives. That unfamiliarity is essays action films a very recent phenomenon. Yet it is only through the classical arguments and their fallacies that we can begin to analyze how conservatism operates now. According to the first type of structure of an epq essay, argument, found for example in Burke, social institutions are a kind of capital. A properly ordered society will be blessed with large quantities of this capital. This capital has very particular properties. It is a sprawling tangle of social arrangements and patterns of thought, passed down through generations as part of the culture.
It is generally tacit in nature and cannot be rationally analyzed. It is fragile and must be conserved, because a society that lacks it will collapse into anarchy and tyranny. Innovation is bad, therefore, and prejudice is good. Although the institutions can tolerate incremental reforms around the about films, edges, systematic questioning is a threat to social order. College? In particular, rational thought is evil.
Nothing can be worse for the conservative than rational thought, because people who think rationally might decide to try replacing inherited institutions with new ones, something that a conservative regards as impossible. This is about action where the word conservative comes from: the supposed importance of conserving established institutions. This argument is not wholly false. Institutions are in fact sprawling tangles of social arrangements and patterns of thought, passed down through generations as part of the culture. And people who think they can reengineer the whole of corruption, human society overnight are generally mistaken. The people of ancien regime France were oppressed by the conservative order of about, their time, but indeed their revolution did not work, and would probably not have worked even if conservatives from elsewhere were not militarily attacking them. Organizers Research? After all, the conservative order had gone to essays films, insane lengths to deprive them of the education, practical experience, and trait essay patterns of thought that would be required to operate a democracy. Essays Films? They could not invent those things overnight. Even so, the argument about conserving institutions is mostly untrue. Most institutions are less fragile and nursing critical practice scenarios more dynamic than conservatives claim. Large amounts of institutional innovation happen in every generation.
If people lack a rational analysis of institutions, that is mostly a product of conservatism rather than an argument for it. And although conservatism has historically claimed to conserve institutions, history makes clear that conservatism is only interested in conserving particular kinds of institutions: the institutions that reinforce conservative power. Conservatism rarely tries to conserve institutions such as Social Security and welfare that decrease the common people's dependency on the aristocracy and the social authorities that serve it. To the contrary, they represent those institutions in various twisted ways as dangerous to to the social order generally or to their beneficiaries in particular. The opposite of conservatism is democracy, and contempt for democracy is a constant thread in the history of conservative argument. Instead, conservatism has argued that society ought to be organized in a hierarchy of orders and classes and controlled by its uppermost hierarchical stratum, the aristocracy. Many of these arguments against egalitarianism are ancient, and essays about films most of them are routinely heard on the radio. Government? One tends to hear the arguments in bits and pieces, for action films example the emphatic if vague claim that people are different. Corruption In The Government? Of course, most of these arguments, if considered rationally, actually argue for essays meritocracy rather than for how is still aristocracy.
Meritocracy is a democratic principle. George Bush, however, was apparently scarred for life by having been one of the last students admitted to Yale under its old aristocratic admissions system, and having to attend classes with students admitted under the meritocratic system who considered themselves to films, be smarter than him. Although he has lately claimed to oppose the system of legacy admissions from which he benefitted, that is a tactic, part of a package deal to eliminate affirmative action, thereby allowing conservative social hierarchies to be reaffirmed in other ways. American culture still being comparatively healthy, overt arguments for aristocracy (for example, that the children of aristocrats learn by osmosis the profound arts of government and thereby acquire a wisdom that mere experts cannot match) are still relatively unusual. Instead, conservatism must proceed through complicated indirection, and in the the next few sections of this article will explain in some detail how this works. The issue is not that rich people are bad, or that hierarchical types of organization have no place in action films, a democracy. Nor are the descendents of aristocrats necessarily bad people if they do not try to perpetuate conservative types of domination over society. The issue is both narrow and enormous: no aristocracy should be allowed to trick the rest of society into deferring to it. But isn't conservatism about freedom?
Of course everyone wants freedom, and so conservatism has no choice but to promise freedom to its subjects. In reality conservatism has meant complicated things by freedom, and the reality of conservatism in practice has scarcely corresponded even to the contorted definitions in conservative texts. To start with, conservatism constantly shifts in its degree of authoritarianism. Conservative rhetors, in the Wall Street Journal for how is romeo relevant today example, have no difficulty claiming to be the party of about films, freedom in one breath and attacking civil liberties in the next. The real situation with conservatism and freedom is best understood in trait essay, historical context. Conservatism constantly changes, always adapting itself to provide the minimum amount of essays about action, freedom that is required to government, hold together a dominant coalition in the society. In Burke's day, for example, this meant an essays about films alliance between traditional social authorities and the rising business class.
Although the business class has always defined its agenda in essays corruption in the government, terms of something it calls freedom, in about films, reality conservatism from the 18th century onward has simply implied a shift from romeo and juliet still today essay, one kind of essays about action, government intervention in the economy to another, quite different kind, together with a continuation of medieval models of cultural domination. This is a central conservative argument: freedom is impossible unless the common people internalize aristocratic domination. Indeed, many conservative theorists to the present day have argued that freedom is not possible at up a appication essay all. Without the internalized domination of conservatism, it is argued, social order would require the external domination of state terror. In a sense this argument is correct: historically conservatives have routinely resorted to terror when internalized domination has not worked. What is unthinkable by design here is the possibility that people might organize their lives in a democratic fashion. This alliance between traditional social authorities and the business class is essays about films artificial.
The market continually undermines the institutions of nursing thinking practice scenarios, cultural domination. It does this partly through its constant revolutionizing of films, institutions generally and partly by encouraging a culture of entrepreneurial initiative. As a result, the alliance must be continually reinvented, all the up a appication essay, while pretending that its reinventions simply reinstate an eternal order. Conservatism promotes (and so does liberalism, misguidedly) the idea that liberalism is about activist government where conservatism is not. About? This is absurd. It is unrelated to the history of structure of an epq essay, conservative government. Conservatism promotes activist government that acts in the interests of the aristocracy. This has been true for thousands of essays action films, years. What is thinking scenarios distinctive about about action liberalism is not that it promotes activist government but that it promotes government that acts in essays about corruption in the government, the interests of the majority. Democratic government, however, is not simply majoritarian.
It is, rather, one institutional expression of a democratic type of culture that is still very much in the process of being invented. //2 How Conservatism Works. Conservative social orders have often described themselves as civilized, and so one reads in action films, the Wall Street Journal that the and juliet today, enemies of essays about action films, civilization hate bow ties. But what conservatism calls civilization is little but the domination of an aristocracy. Every aspect of social life is subordinated to organizers research, this goal. Essays? That is not civilization. The reality is quite the opposite. To impose its order on appication essay, society, conservatism must destroy civilization. In particular conservatism must destroy conscience, democracy, reason, and language. * The Destruction of Conscience. Liberalism is a movement of about films, conscience.
Liberals speak endlessly of conscience. Yet conservative rhetors have taken to acting as if they owned the language of conscience. They even routinely assert that liberals disparage conscience. The magnitude of the falsehood here is so great that decent people have been set back on how is romeo and juliet relevant essay, their heels. Conservatism continually twists the language of conscience into its opposite. Essays? It has no choice: conservatism is unjust, and epq essay cannot survive except by pretending to be the opposite of what it is. Conservative arguments are often arbitrary in nature. Consider, for example, the controversy over Elian Gonzalez. Conservatism claims that the essays about action, universe is ordered by absolutes.
This would certainly make life easier if it was true. The difficulty is that the absolutes constantly conflict with one another. When the absolutes do not conflict, there is up a appication essay rarely any controversy. But when absolutes do conflict, conservatism is forced into sophistry. In the case of Elian Gonzalez, two absolutes conflicted: keeping families together and not making people return to tyrannies. In a democratic society, the decision would be made through rational debate. Conservatism, however, required picking one of the about action, two absolutes arbitrarily (based perhaps on tactical politics in Florida) and simply accusing anyone who disagreed of flouting absolutes and corruption in the thereby nihilistically denying the fundamental order of the universe. About Action? This happens every day.
Arbitrariness replaces reason with authority. Graphic Organizers For Writing Research? When arbitrariness becomes established in the culture, democracy decays and it becomes possible for aristocracies to dominate people's minds. Another example of conservative twisting of the language of conscience is the argument, in the context of the attacks of 9/11 and the war in Iraq, that holding our side to things like the Geneva Convention implies an equivalence between ourselves and our enemies. This is a logical fallacy. The fallacy is something like: they kill so they are bad, but we are good so it is okay for us to kill. The argument that everything we do is okay so long as it is not as bad as the most extreme evil in the world is a rejection of nearly all of civilization. It is precisely the essays action, destruction of romeo still relevant today, conscience. Or take the notion of political correctness. It is true that movements of conscience have piled demands onto people faster than the culture can absorb them. That is an unfortunate side-effect of social progress.
Conservatism, however, twists language to make the inconvenience of conscience sound like a kind of oppression. The campaign against political correctness is thus a search-and-destroy campaign against all vestiges of conscience in society. Essays Films? The flamboyant nastiness of nursing critical thinking scenarios, rhetors such as Rush Limbaugh and Ann Coulter represents the destruction of conscience as a type of liberation. They are like cultists, continually egging on their audiences to destroy their own minds by punching through one layer after another of their consciences. Once I wrote on the Internet that bears in zoos are miserable and should be let go. In response to essays about films, this, I received an e-mail viciously mocking me as an animal rights wacko.
This is an example of the destruction of organizers for writing papers, conscience. Essays About Action? Any human being with a halfways functioning conscience will be capable of how is romeo and juliet essay, rationally debating the essays about, notion that unhappy bears in zoos should be let go. Of course, rational people might have other opinions. Scenarios? They might claim that the bears are not actually miserable, or that they would be just as miserable in the forest. Conservatism, though, has stereotyped concern for animals by essays about action films associating it with its most extreme fringe. This sort of trait essay, mockery of conscience has become systematic and commonplace. * The Destruction of Democracy. For thousands of years, conservatism was universally understood as being in opposition to essays about, democracy.
Having lost much of its ability to critical, attack democracy openly, conservatism has tried in recent years to redefine the word democracy while engaging in essays about, deception to make the substance of democracy unthinkable. Conservative rhetors, for example, have been using the trait essay, word government in a way that does not distinguish between legitimate democracy and totalitarianism. Then there is the notion that politicians who offer health care reforms, for example, are claiming to be better people than the rest of us. This is a particularly toxic distortion. Offering reforms is a basic part of democracy, something that every citizen can do.
Even more toxic is the notion that those who criticize the president are claiming to be better people than he is. This is authoritarianism. Some conservative rhetors have taken to literally demonizing the very notion of a democratic opposition. Rush Limbaugh has argued at length that Tom Daschle resembles Satan simply because he opposes George Bush's policies. Essays Films? Ever since then, Limbaugh has regularly identified Daschle as el diablo. Structure Of An? This is the emotional heart of conservatism: the notion that the conservative order is ordained by God and that anyone and about anything that opposes the conservative order is infinitely evil. * The Destruction of Reason. Conservatism has opposed rational thought for thousands of years. What most people know nowadays as conservatism is basically a public relations campaign aimed at persuading them to lay down their capacity for rational thought.
Conservatism frequently attempts to essays about corruption, destroy rational thought, for example, by using language in ways that stand just out of reach of rational debate or rebuttal. Conservatism has used a wide variety of methods to destroy reason throughout history. Fortunately, many of these methods, such as the action, suppression of popular literacy, are incompatible with a modern economy. Once the common people started becoming educated, more sophisticated methods of domination were required. Corruption In The Government? Thus the invention of about action, public relations, which is a kind of rationalized irrationality.
The great innovation of epq essay, conservatism in recent decades has been the systematic reinvention of politics using the technology of public relations. The main idea of public relations is the distinction between messages and facts. Messages are the things you want people to believe. A message should be vague enough that it is difficult to refute by rational means. (People in politics refer to messages as strategies and people who devise strategies as strategists. The Democrats have strategists too, and it is action films not at all clear that they should, but they scarcely compare with the for writing, vast public relations machinery of the right.) It is useful to think of each message as a kind of pipeline: a steady stream of facts is selected (or twisted, or fabricated) to about action films, fit the message. Contrary facts are of course ignored. The goal is what the professionals call message repetition. This provides activists with something to do: come up with new facts to fit the conservative authorities' chosen messages. Having become established in up a, this way, messages must also be continually intertwined with one another. This is one job of pundits.
To the public relations mind, the public sphere is essays a game in which the opposition tries to messing, knock you off your message. Take the example of one successful message, Gore's lies. The purpose of the game was to return any interaction to the message, namely that Gore lies. So if it is noted that the supposed examples of Gore lying (e.g., his perfectly true claim to about films, have done onerous farm chores) were themselves untrue, common responses would include, that doesn't matter, what matters is Gore's lies, or the reasons people believe them is because of Gore's lies, or yes perhaps, but there are so many other examples of Gore's lies, or you're just trying to change the trait essay, subject away from essays about, Gore's lies, and so on. Many of these messages have become institutions. Whole organizations exist to up a college appication essay, provide a pipeline of facts that underwrite the message of liberal media bias. These facts fall into numerous categories and exemplify a wide range of fallacies. Some are just factually untrue, e.g., claims that the New York Times has failed to cover an essays action event that it actually covered in detail. Other claimed examples of bias are non sequiturs, e.g., quotations from liberal columns that appear on the opinion pages, or quotations from liberals in news articles that also provided balancing quotes from conservatives. Others are illogical, e.g., media that report news events that represent bad news for the president. The methods of identifying bias are thus highly elastic.
In practice, everything in the media on political topics that diverges from conservative public relations messages is contended to be an example of liberal bias. The goal, clearly, is to purge the media of nursing practice, everything except conservatism. The word inaccurate has become something of a technical term in the political use of public relations. It means differs from our message. Public relations aims to break down reason and replace it with mental associations.
One tries to associate us with good things and them with bad things. Thus, for example, the famous memo from Newt Gingrich's (then) organization GOPAC entitled Language: A Key Mechanism of action, Control. It advised Republican candidates to associate themselves with words like building, dream, freedom, learn, light, preserve, success, and truth while associating opponents with words like bizarre, decay, ideological, lie, machine, pathetic, and traitors. The issue here is not whether these words are used at all; of graphic organizers for writing papers, course there do exist individual liberals that could be described using any of these words. The issue, rather, is a kind of cognitive surgery: systematically creating and essays films destroying mental associations with little regard for truth. Note, in fact, that truth is one of the words that Gingrich advised appropriating in this fashion.
Someone who thinks this way cannot even conceptualize truth. Conservative strategists construct their messages in a variety of nursing thinking practice scenarios, more or less stereotyped ways. One of the most important patterns of conservative message-making is projection. Projection is a psychological notion; it roughly means attacking someone by falsely claiming that they are attacking you. Conservative strategists engage in projection constantly. A commonplace example would be taking something from someone by claiming that they are in fact taking it from you. Or, having heard a careful and detailed refutation of something he has said, the projector might snap, you should not dismiss what I have said so quickly!.
It is a false claim -- what he said was not dismissed -- that is an example of itself -- he is dismissing what his opponent has said. Projection was an essays about important part of the critical thinking, Florida election controversy, for about example when Republicans tried to get illegal ballots counted and prevent legal ballots from being counted, while claiming that Democrats were trying to steal the election. * The Destruction of trait essay, Language. Reason occurs mostly through the medium of language, and essays about action so the destruction of reason requires the destruction of language. Essays Corruption In The? An underlying notion of conservative politics is that words and phrases of language are like territory in warfare: owned and controlled by one side or the other. Action Films? One of the central goals of conservatism, as for example with Newt Gingrich's lists of words, is to take control of every word and phrase in the English language.
George Bush, likewise, owes his election in great measure to trait essay, a new language that his people engineered for him. Essays Action? His favorite word, for example, is of an epq essay heart. This type of linguistic engineering is highly evolved in the business milieu from which conservative public relations derives, and it is the day-to-day work of countless conservative think tanks. Bush's people, and essays action the concentric circles of punditry around them, are worlds away from research, John Kerry deciding on essays about films, a moment's notice that he is going to trait essay, start the word values. They do not use a word unless they have an integrated communications strategy for taking control of that word throughout the essays about, whole of society. Bush's personal vocabulary is only a small part of structure of an, conservative language warfare as a whole. Since around 1990, conservative rhetors have been systematically turning language into a weapon against essays about films, liberals. Words are used in twisted and exaggerated ways, or with the opposite trait essay, of their customary meanings.
This affects the whole of the language. The goal of action, this distorted language is not simply to defeat an enemy but to destroy the minds of the essays in the, people who believe themselves to action, be conservatives and who constantly challenge themselves to ever greater extremity in using it. A simple example of turning language into a weapon might be the structure epq essay, word predictable, which has become a synonym for liberal. There is no rational argument in this usage. Every such use of predictable can be refuted simply by substituting the word consistent. It is simply invective.
More importantly, conservative rhetors have been systematically mapping the language that has historically been used to essays about action, describe the aristocracy and the traditional authorities that serve it, and have twisted those words into terms for liberals. This tactic has the dual advantage of both attacking the aristocracies' opponents and depriving them of the words that they have used to attack aristocracy. A simple example is the term race-baiting. In the corruption, Nexis database, uses of race-baiting undergo a sudden switch in the early 1990's. Before then, race-baiting referred to racists. Afterward, it referred in twisted way to people who oppose racism.
What happened is essays about action films simple: conservative rhetors, tired of the political advantage that liberals had been getting from their use of that word, took it away from them. A more complicated example is the word racist. Messing Up A Essay? Conservative rhetors have tried to take this word away as well by constantly coming up with new ways to stick the word onto liberals and their policies. For example they have referred to about action films, affirmative action as racist. This is false; it is an trait essay attempt to destroy language.
Racism is the notion that one race is intrinsically better than another. About? Affirmative action is arguably discriminatory, as a means of partially offsetting discrimination in other places and times, but it is not racist. Many conservative rhetors have even stuck the word racist on people just because they oppose racism. The notion seems to how is romeo still relevant today, be that these people addressed themselves to the topic of race, and the word racist is sort of an adjective relating somehow to race. In any event this too is an attack on language. A recent example is the word hate. Essays Action Films? The civil rights movement had used the word hate to refer to terrorism and stereotyping against black people, and trait essay during the 1990's some in the press had identified as Clinton-haters people who had made vast numbers of bizarre claims that the Clintons had participated in murder and drug-dealing. Beginning around 2003, conservative rhetors took control of this word as well by labeling a variety of perfectly ordinary types of democratic opposition to George Bush as hate. In addition, they have constructed a large number of essays about action, messages of the form liberals hate X (e.g., X=America) and established within their media apparatus a sophistical pipeline of facts to support each one.
This is messing college appication also an example of the systematic breaking of associations. The word partisan entered into about action films, its current political circulation in and juliet still relevant today essay, the early 1990's when some liberals identified people like Newt Gingrich as partisan for doing things like the essays about, memo on language that I mentioned earlier. To the conservative way of politics, there is nothing either true or false about the liberal claim. It is simply that liberals had taken control of some rhetorical territory: the word partisan. Conservative rhetors then set about taking control of the trait essay, word themselves. About? They did this in a way that has become mechanical. Essays About Corruption In The Government? They first claimed, falsely, that liberals were identifying as partisan any views other than their own. About Films? They thus inflated the word while projecting this inflation onto the liberals and disconnecting the word from the particular facts that the liberals had associated with it.
Next, they started using the word partisan in the inflated, dishonest way that they had ascribed to their opponents. This is, very importantly, a way of attacking people simply for having a different opinion. In twisting language this way, conservatives tell themselves that they are simply turning liberal unfairness back against the liberals. This too is trait essay projection. Another common theme of conservative strategy is that liberals are themselves an aristocracy. (For those who are really keeping score, the essays about action films, sophisticated version of this is called the structure, new class strategy, the message being that liberals are the American version of the Soviet nomenklatura.) Thus, for action films example, the constant pelting of liberals as elites, sticking this word and a mass of others semantically related to trait essay, it onto liberals on every possible occasion. Essays Action Films? A pipeline of facts has been established to underwrite this message as well.
Thus, for example, constant false conservative claims that the rich vote Democratic. When Al Franken recently referred to his new radio network as the media elite and proud of it, he demonstrated his oblivion to the workings of the conservative discourse that he claims to and juliet still, contest. Further examples of this are endless. Films? When a Republican senator referred to the few liberals, hardly any liberals gave any sign of getting what he meant: as all conservatives got just fine, he was appropriating the phrase the few, referring to structure epq essay, the aristocracy as opposed to the many, and sticking this phrase in about action, a false and mechanical way onto liberals. Rush Limbaugh asserts that they [liberals] think they are better than you, this of course being a phrase that had historically been applied (and applied correctly) to the aristocracy. Conservative rhetors constantly make false or exaggerated claims that liberals are engaged in stereotyping -- the criticism of how is and juliet still essay, stereotyping having been one of history's most important rhetorical devices of democrats. And so on. The goal here is to essays about action films, make it impossible to criticize aristocracy. For an especially sorry example of this pattern, consider the word hierarchy. Conservatism is a hierarchical social system: a system of ranked orders and messing classes.
Yet in recent years conservatives have managed to stick this word onto liberals, the notion being that government (which liberals supposedly endorse and conservatives supposedly oppose) is hierarchical (whereas corporations, the military, and the church are somehow vaguely not). Liberals are losing because it does not even occur to them to essays films, refute this kind of mechanical antireason. It is of an epq essay often claimed in about, the media that snooty elitists on nursing thinking practice, the coasts refer to states in the middle of the country as flyover country. Yet I, who have lived in liberal areas of the coasts for most of my life, have never once heard this usage. In fact, as far as I can tell, the Nexis database does not contain a single example of anyone using the about, phrase flyover country to disparage the non-coastal areas of the United States.
Instead, it contains hundreds of structure of an, examples of people disparaging residents of the coasts by claiming that they use the phrase to describe the interior. The phrase is a special favorite of newspapers in Minneapolis and essays action Denver. This is projection. Likewise, I have never heard the phrase political correctness used except to how is and juliet relevant today, disparage the people who supposedly use it. Conservative remapping of the language of aristocracy and democracy has been incredibly thorough. Consider, for example, the terms entitlement and dependency. The term entitlement originally referred to aristocrats. Aristocrats had titles, and they thought that they were thereby entitled to various things, particularly the deference of the common people.
Everyone else, by contrast, was dependent on the aristocrats. This is conservatism. Yet in the 1990's, conservative rhetors decided that the people who actually claim entitlement are people on action, welfare. They furthermore created an trait essay empirically false association between welfare and dependency. But, as I have mentioned, welfare is essays about precisely a way of and juliet still essay, eliminating dependency on the aristocracy and essays about action films the cultural authorities that serve it. I do not recall anyone ever noting this inversion of meaning.
Conservative strategists have also been remapping the language that has historically been applied to conservative religious authorities, sticking words such as orthodoxy, pious, dogma, and sanctimonious to liberals at research every turn. //3 Conservatism in American History. Almost all of the essays films, early immigrants to thinking, America left behind societies that had been oppressed by conservatism. Essays Films? The democratic culture that Americans have built is truly one of the monuments of how is still today, civilization. Essays About? And American culture remains vibrant to this day despite centuries of conservative attack. Yet the history of American democracy has generally been taught in confused ways. This history might be sketched in terms of the great turning points that happened to occur around 1800 and messing up a college appication essay 1900, followed by the great reaction that gathered steam in the decades leading up to 2000. America before the revolution was a conservative society. Essays About Action? It lacked an entitled aristocracy, but it was dominated in very much the same way by its gentry. Americans today have little way of knowing what this meant -- the hierarchical ties of personal dependency that organized people's psychology. We hear some echo of it in the hagiographies of George Bush, which are modeled on the way the gentry represented themselves.
The Founding Fathers, men like Madison, Adams, and Washington, were, in this sense, products of aristocratic society. They did not make a revolution in order to establish democracy. Quite the contrary, they wanted to be aristocrats. They did not succeed. The revolution that they helped set in motion did not simply sweep away the church and crown of England. As scholars such as Gordon Wood have noted, it also swept away the entire social system of the gentry, and it did so with a suddenness and thoroughness that surprised and amazed everyone who lived through it.
So completely did Americans repudiate the conservative social system of the gentry, in fact, that they felt free to mythologize the Founding Fathers, forgetting the Founding Fathers' aristocratic ambitions and pretending that they, too, were revolutionary democrats. This ahistorical practice of projecting all good things onto the Founding Fathers continues to research, the present day, and it is essays about films unfortunate because (as Michael Schudson has argued) it makes us forget all of the nursing critical practice scenarios, work that Americans have subsequently done to build the democratic institutions of action, today. In reality, Madison, Adams, and messing up a Washington were much like Mikhail Gorbachev in the Soviet Union. Like Gorbachev, they tried to reform an oppressive system without fundamentally changing it. And like Gorbachev, they were swept away by the very forces they helped set into motion. The revolution, though, proceeded quite differently in the North and South, and led to a kind of controlled experiment.
The North repudiated conservatism altogether. Indeed it was the only society in essays films, modern history without an aristocracy, and as scholars such as the messing college, late Robert Wiebe have noted, its dynamic democratic culture was most extraordinary. It is unfortunate that we discuss this culture largely through the analysis of Alexis de Tocqueville, an aristocrat who wanted to graft medieval notions of social order onto a democratic culture that he found alien. In the South, by contrast, the conservative order of the gentry was modified to something more resembling the oppressive latifundist systems of Latin America, relieved mainly by comparatively democratic religious institutions. The Northern United States during the early 19th century was hardly perfect. Left-over conservative hierarchies and about films patterns of psychology continued to damage people's minds and lives in numerous ways.
But compared to the South, the North was, and has always been, a more dynamic and successful society. Southern conservatism has had to modify its strategies in recent decades, but its grip on the culture is trait essay tragically as strong as ever. Something more complicated happened around 1900. Essays Action? Railroads, the appication essay, telegraph, and mass production made for action films massive new economies of scale, whereupon the invention of the corporation gave a new generation of would-be aristocrats new ways to government, reinvent themselves. The complicated institutional and ideological events of about action, this era can be understood in microcosm through the subsequent history of the word liberal, which forked into two quite different meanings. The word liberal had originally been part of an intramural dispute within the conservative alliance between the aristocracy and the rising business class. Their compromise, as I have noted, is that the aristocracy would maintain its social control for messing college the benefit of both groups mainly through psychological means rather than through terror, and that economic regulation would henceforth be designed to benefit the business class. And both of these conditions would perversely be called freedom. Films? The word liberal thus took its modern meaning in messing essay, a struggle against the aristocracy's control of the essays about films, state.
Around 1900, however, the corporation emerged in a society in which democracy was relatively strong and the aristocracy was relatively weak. Antitrust and many other types of state regulation were not part of traditional aristocratic control, but were part of democracy. And this is why the graphic for writing research, word liberal forked. Democrats continued using the word in its original sense, to signify the struggle against aristocracy, in about action films, this case the new aristocracy of corporate power. Business interests, however, reinvented the word to signify a struggle against something conceptualized very abstractly as government. In reality the new business meaning of the in the, word, as worked out in detail by about action people like Hayek, went in of an, an opposite action films, direction from its original meaning: a struggle against the people, rather than against the aristocracy. At the same time as the corporation provided the occasion for the founding of a new aristocracy, however, a new middle class founded a large number of professions. The relationship between the trait essay, professional middle class and the aristocracy has been complicated throughout the 20th century. But whereas the about, goal of conservatism throughout history has primarily been to suppress the mob of common people, the of an epq essay, conservatism of the late 20th century was especially vituperative in its campaigns against the relatively autonomous democratic cultures of the professions. One of the professions founded around 1900 was public relations. Early public relations texts were quite openly conservative, and public relations practitioners openly affirmed that their profession existed to manipulate the common people psychologically in order to about films, ensure the domination of of an, society by a narrow elite.
Squeamishness on action films, this matter is a recent phenomenon indeed. The modern history of conservatism begins around 1975, as corporate interests began to react to the democratic culture of the sixties. This reaction can be traced in the public relations textbooks of the time. Organizers Research? Elaborate new methods of public relations tried to prevent, coopt, and defeat democratic initiatives throughout the society. Essays About Action? A new subfield of public relations, issues management, was founded at this time to deal strategically with political issues throughout their entire life cycle. One of the few political theories that has made note of the large-scale institutionalization of public relations is the early work of up a essay, Jurgen Habermas. Even more important was the films, invention of the think tank, and especially the systematic application of public relations to politics by the most important of the conservative think tanks, the trait essay, Heritage Foundation.
The Heritage Foundation's methods of issues management have had a fantastically corrosive effect on democracy. The great innovation of Ronald Reagan and the political strategists who worked with him was to submerge conservatism's historically overt contempt for the common people. The contrast between Reagan's language and that of about films, conservatives even a decade or two earlier is most striking. Jacques Barzun's The House of Intellect (1959), for nursing critical practice example, fairly bristles with contempt for demotic culture, the notion being that modern history is the inexorable erosion of aristocratic civilization by democracy. On a political level, Reagan's strategy was to place wedges into the many divides in that era's popular democracy, including both the avoidable divides that the counterculture had opened up and the divides that had long been inherent in conservatism's hierarchical order. Reagan created a mythical working class whose values he conflated with those of the about, conservative order, and up a college essay he opposed this to an equally mythical professional class of liberal wreckers. Democratic culture in the sixties had something of a workable theory of conservatism -- one that has largely been lost. But it was not enough of a theory to explain to working people why they are on the same side as hippies and gays. Although crude by comparison with conservative discourse only twenty years later, Reagan's strategy identified this difficulty with some precision.
People like Ella Baker had explained the psychology of conservatism -- the internalized deference that makes a conservative order possible. Essays Films? But the new psychology of democracy does not happen overnight, and it did not become general in the culture. In the 1990's, American conservatism institutionalized public relations methods of politics on a large scale, and it used these methods in about corruption in the, a savage campaign of delegitimizing democratic institutions. In particular, a new generation of highly trained conservative strategists evolved, on the foundation of classical public relations methods, a sophisticated practice of real-time politics that integrated ideology and tactics on a year-to-year, news-cycle-to-news-cycle, and often hour-to-hour basis. This practice employs advanced models of the dynamics of political issues so as to launch waves of precisely designed communications in countless well-analyzed loci throughout the society.
For contemporary conservatism, a political issue -- a war, for example -- is a consumer product to be researched and essays about films rolled out in a planned way with continuous empirical feedback from polling. So far as citizens can tell, such issues seem to trait essay, materialize everywhere at once, swarming the culture with so many interrelated formulations that it becomes impossible to think, much less launch an effective rebuttal. Such a campaign is successful if it occupies precisely the ideological ground that can be occupied at a given moment, and it includes quite overt plans for holding that ground through the construction of about, a pipeline of facts and intertwining with other, subsequent issues. Although in one sense this machinery has a profound kinship with the priesthoods of ancient Egypt, in another sense its radicalism -- its inhuman thoroughness -- has no precedent in history. Organizers Papers? Liberals have nothing remotely comparable. //4 The Discovery of Democracy. Humanity has struggled for thousands of about, years to emerge from the darkness of conservatism. Nursing Critical Practice? At every step of the way, conservatism has always had the advantage of a long historical learning curve. There have always been experts in the running of conservative society. Essays Action Films? Most of the up a college appication essay, stupid mistakes have been made and forgotten centuries ago. Conservatives have always had the leisure to write careful books justifying their rule.
Democracy, by contrast, is essays about films still very much in an experimental phase. How Is And Juliet Still Relevant? And so, for example, the 1960's were one of the great episodes of civilization in human history, and they were also a time when people did a lot of stupid things like take drugs. The history of democracy has scarcely been written. Of what has been written, the great majority of democratic theory is based on the ancient Greek model of deliberative democracy. Much has been written about the Greeks' limitation of about films, citizenship to perhaps 10% of the population.
But this is not the reason why the romeo and juliet relevant today, Greek model is inapplicable to about action films, the modern world. Essays Government? The real reason is that Greek democracy was emphatically predicated on a small city-state of a few thousand people, whereas modern societies have populations in the tens and hundreds of millions. The obvious adaptation to essays action films, the difficulties of scale has been representation. But as a democratic institution representation has always been ambiguous. For conservatism, representation is a means of reifying social hierarchies. The Founding Fathers thought of themselves as innovators and trait essay modernizers, and the myth-making tradition has thoughtlessly agreed with them. But in reality the films, US Constitution, as much as the British system it supposedly replaced, is little more than the nursing critical thinking, Aristotelian tripartite model of king, aristocracy, and gentry (supposedly representing the commons), reformed to some degree as President, Senate, and House. Many people have noted that George Bush is consolidating executive power in essays, a kind of elective kingship, but they have done little to place the various elements of Bush's authoritarian institution-molding into historical context. Messing Appication Essay? In theoretical terms, though, it has been clear enough that representative democracy provides no satisfactory account of citizenship. Surely a genuine democracy would replace the Aristotelian model?
Fortunately, there is little need to replace the Constitution beyond adding a right to privacy. After all, as historians have noted, Americans almost immediately started using the Constitution in a considerably different way than the Founders intended -- in a democratic fashion, simply put, and not an aristocratic one. The president who claims to essays films, be a uniter not a divider is hearkening back to the myth-making of a would-be aristocracy that claims to be impartial and to stand above controversy while systematically using the machinery of government to crush its opponents. But his is epq essay not the winning side. Not that democracy is a done deal. One recent discovery is that democracy does not mean that everyone participates in everything that affects them. Every citizen of a modern society participates in essays about, hundreds of institutions, and it is impossible to be fully informed about all of them, much less sit through endless meetings relating to all of them. There are too many issues for everyone to be an expert on everything.
It follows that citizens in trait essay, a large modern polity specialize in particular issues. In fact this kind of issue entrepreneurship is not restricted to politics. It is central to the making of careers in nearly every institution of society. Conservatism claims to own the theme of entrepreneurship, but then conservatism claims to own every theme. In reality, entrepreneurship on the part of the common people is essays action antithetical to conservatism, and conservatism has learned and taught little about the skills of entrepreneurship, most particularly the entrepreneurial cognition that identifies opportunities for various sorts of useful careers, whether civic, intellectual, professional, or economic. Entrepreneurship is not just for economic elites, and in fact never has been. One part of democracy, contrary to much socialist teaching, is the democratization of goods and skills, entrepreneurial skills for example, that had formerly been associated with the elite. Messing Up A? American society has diverged dramatically from that of Europe largely because of the democratization of entrepreneurship, and that trend should continue with the essays about action films, writing down and teaching of generalized entrepreneurial skills. The real discovery is that democracy is a particular kind of social organization of knowledge -- a sprawling landscape of overlapping knowledge spheres and a creative tension on any given issue between the experts and the laity.
It is not a hierarchical divide between the knowledge-authorities in the professions and a deferential citizenry; instead it democratizes the skills of knowledge-making among a citizenry that is plugged together in ways that increasingly resemble the institutional and cognitive structures of the professions. Trait Essay? This generalized application of entrepreneurial skills in the context of a knowledge-intensive society -- and not simply the multiplication of associations that so impressed Tocqueville -- is civil society. The tremendous fashion for civil society as a necessary complement and counterbalance to the state in a democracy, as launched in the 1980's by people like John Keane, has been one of the essays about action films, most hopeful aspects of recent democratic culture. Indeed, one measure of the success of the trait essay, discourse of essays about, civil society has been that conservatism has felt the essays about corruption in the government, need to destroy it by means of films, distorted theories of civil society that place the populace under the tutelage of the aristocracy and the cultural authorities that serve it. Economics, unfortunately, is still dominated by nursing critical scenarios the ancien regime.
This consists of three schools. Neoclassical economics is founded (as Philip Mirowski has argued) on superficial, indeed incoherent analogies to the mathematics of classical mechanics whose main notion is equilibrium. Economies, it is held, are dynamic systems that are constantly moving to an optimal equilibrium, and government intervention will only about action films move the economy to the wrong equilibrium. For a long time this theory has dominated academic economics for the simple reason that it provides a simple formula for creating a model of any economic phenomenon. Its great difficulty is that it ignores essentially all issues of information and institutions -- important topics in the context of any modern economy. Austrian economics (associated with Hayek and Mises) began in the context of debates about the practicability of central planning in socialism; as such, it is organized around an opposition between centralized economies (bad) and decentralized economies (good). Although preferable in trait essay, some ways to neoclassicism in its emphasis on information and institutions, as well as its rhetorical emphasis on entrepreneurship, it is nonetheless hopelessly simplistic.
It has almost no practitioners in academia for the simple reason that it is nearly useless for analyzing any real phenomena. A third school, a particular kind of game theory based on the work of about, John Nash, does have elaborate notions about information and at least a sketchy way of modeling institutions, and as a result has established itself as the major academic alternative to neoclassicism. Unfortunately Nash game theory's foundations are no better than those of neoclassicism. Whereas neoclassicism, though ultimately incoherent, is actually a powerful and useful way of thinking about the economy, Nash game theory is based, as Mirowski again has argued, on a disordered model of relationships between people. Fortunately it has no particular politics. The state of economics is about in the government unfortunate for democracy. Conservatism runs on ideologies that bear only a tangential relationship to reality, but democracy requires universal access to accurate theories about a large number of essays films, nontrivial institutions. The socialist notion of economic democracy essentially imports the Greek deliberative model into the workplace. As such it is research papers probably useful as a counter to action, conservative psychologies of internalized deference that crush people's minds and prevent useful work from being done. It is, however, not remotely adequate to the reality of an interconnected modern economy, in which the essays about in the, workplace is hardly a natural unit. A better starting place is essays about with analysis of the practical work of producing goods in social systems of actual finite human beings -- that is, with analysis of information and institutions, as for organizers for writing research papers example in action, the singular work of Thorstein Veblen, John Commons, Joseph Schumpeter, Karl Polanyi, John von Neumann, Mark Casson, Joseph Stiglitz, Paul David, Bruno Latour, and Michel Callon.
This work emphasizes knowledge and the very general social conditions that are required to produce and use it. Simply put, knowledge is best produced in of an epq essay, a liberal culture. This is why the most prosperous and innovative regions of the United States are also the most politically liberal, and why the most conservative regions of the country are also the greatest beneficiaries of transfer payments. Liberals create wealth and government redistributes it to conservatives. This is, of course, the opposite of the received conservative opinion in the media, and indeed in most of academia. But it is true. Another connection between democracy and a modern economy is the democratic nature of entrepreneurialism. People who reflexively defer to action films, their social betters will never learn the social skills that are needed to found new types of social relationships. This was clear enough in the interregnum in the 19th century between the up a, fall of the essays about action, American gentry and the rise of the modern corporation. An economy of generalized entrepreneurialism, moreover, requires an elaborate institutional matrix that is trait essay part public and part private. As scholars such as Linda Weiss have argued, the conservative spectre of a conflict between government and entrepreneurial activity is unrelated to the reality of essays films, entrepreneurship.
To be sure, much has been learned about the kinds of government policies that do and do not lay the foundation for economic dynamism. Structure Of An? It is quite correct, for example, that direct price controls in competitive commodity markets rarely accomplish anything. (Labor markets are a much more complicated case, in action, very much the ways that neoclassical economics exists to ignore.) Free trade would also be a good thing if it existed; in practice trade is distorted by subsidies and by uneven regulation of externalities such as pollution, and free trade negotiations are a kind of power politics that differs little from the gunboat diplomacy that opened markets in a one-sided way in former times. The point is scarcely that markets are inherently democratic. The economic properties of infrastructure and knowledge create economies of scale that both produce cheap goods (a democratic effect) and concentrate power (an anti-democratic effect). Today Essay? Conservatives employ the democratic rhetoric of entrepreneurialism to promote the opposite values of corporate centralization. But the 19th century's opinions about the about action, political and economic necessity of antitrust are still true. More importantly, a wide range of public policies is required to trait essay, facilitate a democratic economy and the more general democratic values on which it depends.
Lastly, an important innovation of democracy during the sixties was the rights revolution. Rights are democratic because they are limits to arbitrary authority, and about people who believe they have rights cannot be subjected to conservatism. Conservative rhetors have attacked the rights revolution in numerous ways as a kind of demotic chatter that contradicts the graphic papers, eternal wisdom of the conservative order. For conservatism, not accepting one's settled place in about films, the traditional hierarchy of messing up a appication, orders and classes is a kind of arrogance, and about films conservative vocabulary is full of phrases such as self-important. Institutions, for conservatism, are more important than people. For democracy, by contrast, things are more complicated. The rights revolution is hardly perfect. But the main difficulty with it is just that it is nursing critical practice not enough.
A society is essays action films not founded on rights alone. Democracy requires that people learn and practice a range of about corruption, nontrivial social skills. But then people are not likely to learn or practice those skills so long as they have internalized a conservative psychology of deference. The rights revolution breaks this cycle. For the civil rights movement, for example, learning to read was not simply a means of registering to vote, but was also a means of liberation from the psychology of conservatism. Essays? Democratic institutions, as opposed to the inherited mysteries of conservative institutions, are made of the everyday exercise of and juliet still, advanced social skills by essays about action films people who are liberated in college appication essay, this sense.
//5 How to Defeat Conservatism. Conservatism is about action almost gone. People no longer worship the pharaohs. If the gentry were among us today we would have no notion of what they were talking about. For thousands of years, countless people have worked for the values of democracy in ways large and small. The industrialized vituperations of conservative propaganda measure their success. Structure Of An? To defeat conservatism today, the main thing we have to about action films, do is to explain what it is and what is wrong with it. This is easy enough. * Rebut conservative arguments.
This is my most important prescription. Liberals win political victories through rational debate. But after a victory is won, liberals tend to drop the issue and move along. As a result, whole generations have grown up without ever hearing the arguments in favor of, for trait essay example, Social Security. Instead they have heard massive numbers of conservative arguments against essays about action, liberalism, and these arguments have generally gone unrebutted. And Juliet Today Essay? In order to save civilization, liberals need a new language, one in which it is easy to express rebuttals to the particular crop of about films, conservative arguments of the last few decades. And the way to invent that language is graphic organizers just to start rebutting the arguments, all of them.
This means literally dozens of new arguments each day. Do not assume that rebutting conservative arguments is easy, or that a few phrases will suffice. Do not even assume that you know what is wrong with the action films, conservative arguments that you hear, or even indeed what those arguments are, since they are often complicated and confusing in their internal structure. Do not just repeat a stock response that worked for some previous generation of liberals, because your audience has already heard that response and already knows what the counterargument is. Conservative rhetors have invested tremendous effort in working around liberals' existing language.
In the old days, racists were racists and polluters were polluters. But those old labels do not win arguments any more. Liberals must now provide new answers in plain language to the questions that ordinary citizens, having heard the arguments of conservatism, now have. Do environmental regulations work? Why do we protect the civil liberties of terrorists? Are liberals anti-American? What do we need government for anyway? * Benchmark the Wall Street Journal.
The Wall Street Journal's opinion page is the critical scenarios, most important conservative publication, and it is often described as a bulletin board for the conservatism. A better metaphor, however, would be a war room. Day by day, the Wall Street Journal's editors detect liberal arguments coming over the horizon, and immediately they gather up and distribute the arguments that conservatives will need to rebut them. Since the retirement of its late editor Robert Bartley, the Journal's opinion page has become more sophisticated. The crude lies and belligerent irrationality of the Bartley era have not disappeared, but they have certainly been attenuated. Daniel Henninger in particular does something interesting with clouds of associations that are subrational but not quite fallacious.
Liberals should not imitate the essays about action films, antireason of the Journal or other distribution channels of conservative opinion. Instead, as part of the hard work of inventing democracy, it will be necessary to tell the difference between methods that liberals ought to be applying in their own work, such as the day-to-day rebuttal of arguments, and methods that liberals need to analyze and place in the same category as the priesthood of Egypt. * Build a better pundit. Political pundits in the media today are overwhelmingly conservative, and critical scenarios the few liberal pundits are overwhelmingly journalists rather than ideologists. It is action films difficult to identify a single pundit in the media who consistently explicates liberal ideology. It is time to build a democratic punditry. To start with, everyone in a modern democracy ought to receive practical instruction in the communication genres of the mass media. There is no reason why every student cannot learn to write a clear 700-word op-ed column that traces an arc from a news hook to some ideology to structure of an epq essay, a new and useful argument that wins elections.
A society in which the average citizen writes an occasional op-ed column would certainly be a step toward democracy. But even if the skills of punditry are widespread, there is no substitute for professional pundits who can make brand names of themselves in the media, and talented people will not make careers out of democratic punditry until they are reasonably assured of being able to make money at it. This is where think tanks and their philanthropic funders come in. Universities do not substitute for think tanks, because research is quite a different activity from about, punditry. Simply put, professional pundits need a wide variety of fallback options between media gigs. Conservative pundits grow fat on their own think tanks, and liberals need their own war rooms of democratic reason. * Say something new. Conservative rhetors win audiences largely because the things they are saying seem new. People who read them or listen to them continually get the impression that they are being informed. If news and opinion editors seem biased against liberals, one reason is simply that liberals are not delivering the goods.
Whenever you get ready to express a political opinion in trait essay, the media, first ask whether you have ever heard that opinion in the media before (as opposed, for example, to scholarly works). If so, figure out what the counterarguments are -- because there will be counterarguments -- and then proceed to base your column on the counterarguments to that. Get ahead of the curve. Democracy requires that the great majority of citizens be capable of logical thought. Essays? The West, starting with the Greeks, has always taught logic in a narrow way. Logic does include the syllogism, but it also includes a great deal of savoir faire about what constitutes a good argument, a good counterargument, and a good counterargument to essays corruption government, that. In particular, the essays about action, citizen must have a kind of map of the arguments.
A caller to Rush Limbaugh said that liberals can't do the arguments, and he was right. Existing curricula on critical thinking are unfortunately very weak. Structure Of An Epq Essay? They should be founded on close analysis of actual irrationality. Many on the left unfortunately abandon reason because they believe that the actual basis of politics is something they call power. People like this have no notion of what power is.
For example, they will argue that reason is useless because the powers that be will not listen to reason. This is confusion. The purpose of reason is not to petition the authorities but to help other citizens to cut through the darkness of conservative deception. Others on the left believe that reason is the property of the elite. This is true historically, but that is simply because the essence of action films, conservatism is to deprive the common people of the capacity to engage in democracy. Many bad theories of democracy actually reinforce conservatism, and this is one of them. Similarly, others on organizers for writing research papers, the left argue that requiring politics to be based on reason tilts the playing field in about action, favor of the elite. This is historically true as well, and politics based on still essay, money does the essays about action, same thing. But that is organizers for writing research reality. Action? The fact, again, is that democracy needs the citizenry to be educated, and the skills of reason are the nursing critical scenarios, foundation of democratic education. Democracy cannot be established in any other way.
Aristocratic rule is not reinforced by the use of reason. The situation is quite the reverse: in order to fight off democratic values, conservatism must simulate reason, and pretend that conservative deception is itself reason when it is not. Many conservative pundits, George Will and Thomas Sowell for example, make their living saying illogical things in a reasonable tone of voice. Democracy will be impossible until the about action, great majority of citizens can identify in reasonable detail just how this trick works. * Conservatism is the problem.
Contemporary conservatism's discourse is engineered with tremendous sophistication to get past the specific arguments that liberals know how to make. Conservative strategists, moreover, are willing to achieve their goals incrementally, depending on of an epq essay, the arguments that liberals are capable of making at a given moment. Of course it is important for liberals to essays, make the arguments against each increment. But it is more important to critical thinking practice scenarios, explain what conservatism is in general, and then to essays films, explain what is wrong with it. For example, I once heard Rush Limbaugh discussing with a listener how school vouchers were just a conservative tactic, and how conservatives' real goal was to eliminate public funding for education altogether. This is the sort of thing that loses elections, and structure yet I have never heard a liberal pundit discuss it. The extreme nature of conservatism -- not just the extremity of its rhetoric but the oppressiveness of its prescriptions for films society -- is clear enough in the conservatives' own literature, but American culture no longer has the categories to identify what it is. Indeed, one can hear fascism, never mind conservatism, on the radio any day of the week.
But Americans have mostly forgotten what fascism even is, so that they can listen to fascist rhetoric and it will actually sound kind of fresh. * Critically analyze leftover conservative theories. Liberal ideology is in disarray. Organizers? After all, conservative ideology has dominated human thought for thousands of essays about action films, years, and it takes concentrated effort to thinking scenarios, liberate oneself from about action, it. Such intellectual liberation will never happen without a detailed history of critical thinking scenarios, conservative theories -- which is to say, the ways in which these theories have been designed to subordinate people's minds to a hierarchical social order dominated by an aristocracy. Lacking such a history, liberal ideology draws in random and confused ways on conservatism, giving it a sentimental update without particularly changing it. Or else liberalism spins out into something wishfully called radicalism, which at best inverts conservatism into something that does not work as well and does not liberate anyone either.
A genuine tradition of liberatory social thought does indeed exist, but it must be disentangled from its opposite. As an essays action example, let us consider the notion of social capital, which has been fashionable among both conservatives and liberals for some time now. The conservative version of the social capital is a medieval ideology that justifies the hierarchical conservative order in terms of the how is romeo relevant today, values of essays about action, community. This medieval notion of community is particularistic in structure, nature: everyone in about films, a community is knitted to everyone else through a system of roles and relationships into which they are born, and which they supposedly accept and essays in the government love. This network of action, relationships is structure made to sound harmonious, and objections to it are made to essays films, sound divisive, by neglecting to mention the oppression of the life-long hierarchical bonds that make it up.
This is the critical thinking practice, kind of society whose passing Tocqueville lamented, and that is at essays about films the core of modern conservatism in authors such as Robert Nisbet. For Nisbet, modernity could only be understood in a negative way as an erosion of the particular types of community and order that traditional institutions provided. This is what many conservatives mean when they value social capital, regret its decline, and urge its revival. This notion of social capital should be contrasted, for example, with Ernest Gellner's notion of the modern democratic citizen as modular, that is, as capable of moving about within the society, building and rebuilding relationships and associations of diverse sorts, because of a set of social skills and up a college social institutions that facilitate a generalized, dynamic mobility. The modular citizen gets a place in society not through birth or the about films, bonds of an inherited order but through a gregarious kind of entrepreneurial innovation. The difficulty with too many liberal notions of practice scenarios, social capital is that they are oblivious to the tension between conservatism and democracy. As a result, they are vague and essays action ambiguous as to the nature of government, social capital, how it might be measured, and what kinds of institutions might erode or encourage it. For example, a theory of social capital that locates it in plain numbers of essays about, social network connections is insufficient because it undervalues social skills and overvalues particularistic forms of community that are not adaptive in a dynamic modern economy. Essays Corruption In The? This is how liberals end up quoting Tocqueville and sounding indistinguishable from action, conservative theorists of intermediary institutions. Social capital is just one example of a general crisis of liberal ideology.
The first step in resolving this crisis to how is and juliet, get clear about what conservatism is and what is wrong with it. Post-sixties, many liberals consider themselves to be watered-down Marxists. They subscribe to a left-to-right spectrum model of politics in which they, as democrats, are located in some hard-to-identify place sort-of-somewhat-to-the-left-of-center, whereas the Marxists have the high ground of a clear and definite location at the end of the spectrum. Essays? These liberals would be further out on the left if they could find a politically viable way to do it. Conservative rhetors concur with this model, and indiscriminately calling liberals communists is back in style. Trait Essay? This is all nonsense. Marxism is not located anywhere on a spectrum. It is just mistaken. It fails to describe the real world. Attempts to implement it simply created an ugly and shallow imitation of conservatism at its worst.
Democracy is the essays about films, right way to live, and conservatism is the wrong way. Marx was a brilliant analyst for his time. His analysis of technology's role in the economy was wholly original. He was the first to analyze the structural dynamism of a capitalist economy. But his theory of modern society was superficial.
It overgeneralized from the situation of its time: the recent discovery of nursing, economies of films, scale, crude market institutions, no modern separation of nursing critical practice, ownership and control, and about a small middle class. Marx followed the political economy of essays corruption, his day in analyzing markets as essentially independent of the state. About Action? But this is not remotely the case. One difficulty with Marx, which is the topic of up a appication, a vast literature, is that his theory requires a periodization of essays action, history that does not correspond to historical reality. Capitalism, for example, is supposed to and juliet today essay, be a discrete totality, but claimed starting dates for action films this totality range across a good four hundred years.
His economistic analysis of trait essay, society, though indisputably productive in the way that many powerfully wrong ideas are, makes history seem more discontinuous than it is. In fact, the relationship between conservatism and democracy is more or less constant throughout thousands of years of history. One evidence of this, for essays about action films example, is Orlando Patterson's stunning discovery that Western notions of freedom were invented by former slaves in the ancient world and for writing papers have remained more or less constant ever since. In economic terms, Marx's theory is mistaken because he did not analyze the role the capitalist plays as entrepreneur. The entrepreneur does an essays about films important and distinctive type of how is and juliet relevant essay, work in inventing new ways to bring together diverse factors of production. Now in fact the nature of this work has remained largely hidden throughout history for a wide variety of reasons. Because Marx had no notion of it, the capitalist's profit seemed to him simple theft. It does not follow, though, that entrepreneurs earn all of their money. The theories of mainstream economics notwithstanding, serious how-to manuals for entrepreneurs are quite clear that the entrepreneur is trying to identify a market failure, because market failures are how you make money.
The relationship between entrepreneurship and the state is essays about films much more complicated than economics has even tried to theorize. Capitalists, moreover, are not a class. Particular networks of capitalists and other well-off or otherwise connected personages may well try to constitute themselves as an aristocracy, but this is a phenomenon with several more dimensions than just economics. Nor is Marxism of how is romeo relevant today essay, any use as politics. All that Marx offered to people who worked in about films, deadening factory jobs was that they could take over trait essay, the factory. While unions and collective bargaining exist in many contexts for good economic reasons, they are an essentially medieval system of negotiations among orders and classes.
They presuppose a generally static economy and society. They are irrelevant to knowledge-intensive forms of work. Essays About Films? Nor do they provide any kind of foundation for democratic politics. People want their kids to be professionals, not factory workers, and democracy helps people to knit themselves into the complicated set of institutions that enable people to build unique and productive lives. Despite all of the conservative attacks, American English remains a useful language. So use it, and learn to romeo relevant essay, say democratic things in it. There is a style of academic theory-talk that claims to be advanced and essays action films sophisticated but actually lacks any precision. Privilege, for example, is not a verb. If new words are needed and are actually good for analyzing the graphic organizers for writing research papers, deception of conservatism or the invention of democracy, go ahead and teach them. Integrate them into the vernacular language.
While you are at it, forget the whole strategy of the counterculture. Be the culture instead. * Stop surrendering powerful words. Many liberals abandon any word that conservatives start using. That means, since conservatives systematically lay claim to every word of the English language, that liberals have been systematically surrendering powerful words such as family, nation, truth, science, tradition, and religion. This has made it increasingly difficult for liberals to explain what they believe. Essays Films? There is no alternative: if conseratives have been twisting a powerful word, then you have to explain in concise American English what the word really means and how the critical thinking scenarios, conservatives have distorted it. Contest the signifiers.
Use the words. * Tipper Gore is right. Snoop Dogg's music really is about action garbage. Some liberals, however, argue that racists hate rap and so therefore any disapproval of rap abets racism. This is bad logic and stupid politics. If racists hate rap then the logical, rational, politically efficacious thing to do is to epq essay, say that some rap is good and some rap is bad, and that good rap is an art form like any other, and that the bad rap exists because the people who rap it are bad people. Do not be afraid of losing contact with young people. Essays About Action? If all you know about corruption youth culture is Snoop Dogg, then I suppose it is time for some focus groups. Action? Use the focus groups to identify language that Martin Luther King would approve of.
Besides, there is plenty of good politics in mass culture, as cultural studies professors have explained at length. Nor should you be afraid of how is and juliet essay, losing campaign contributions from the entertainment industry. The Hollywood moneybags will keep funding liberal candidates for the simple reason that many conservatives really do support censorship, where liberals do not. That said, there is certainly a disconnect between some liberal entertainers and the liberals who win elections. Some entertainers are willing to get up on stage and essays films embarrass John Kerry.
Scorn them. * Assess the critical thinking practice, sixties. Make a list of the positive and lasting contributions of the sixties. Essays About Films? Americans would benefit from such a list. The spiritual leader of modern liberalism, Martin Luther King, taught nonviolence. This has been narrowly construed in terms of essays corruption, not killing people. But, as King made clear, it has other meanings as well. You have to love your enemies. This is difficult: the reality of conservatism is so extreme that it is difficult even to discuss without sounding hateful. About? There is also an intellectual dimension to nonviolence. Nonviolence means, among other things, not cooperating in the destruction of conscience and language.
Nonviolence implies reason. Analyze the various would-be aristocracies, therefore, and explain them in plain language, but do not stereotype them. Nonviolence also has an epistemological dimension. Few of college, us have the skill to hate with a clear mind. Essays Action? Conservatism is very complicated, and you cannot defeat it by shouting slogans. This is the difficulty with Michael Moore.
He talks American, which is good. But he is trait essay not intellectually nonviolent. He is not remotely as bad as Ann Coulter, and liberals have criticized him much more thoroughly than conservatives have criticized Ann Coulter. But he is not a model for about action liberal politics. There is no doubt that Martin Luther King would be in George Bush's face. But how? That is why liberals need a language. * Tell the taxpayers what they are getting for organizers research papers their money. Civilization requires a substantial number and variety of public services, which in turn require moderate and reasonable amounts of essays action, taxes.
Despite decades of conservative rhetoric, a majority of for writing research papers, Americans are perfectly happy to pay their taxes. And yet liberals keep letting conservatives clobber them with rhetoric that makes taxes sound like a bad thing. Essays About Films? It is up a college appication time for liberals to stop losing this argument. To start with, do not talk about amounts of money (we should spend $15 billion on health care). Instead, talk about what the money buys (we should provide medical care to 15 million children). And stop letting Bush call his tax policies tax cuts: he is about action films not cutting those taxes; he is just postponing them. * Make government work better for structure epq essay small business. The market continually undermines both conservatism and democracy. Both systems must continually improvise to accommodate it. The difference is that conservatism pretends to essays action films, be a timeless order whereas democracy is all about experiment, innovation, and nursing critical thinking entrepreneurial culture. Conservatives have historically tried to include entrepreneurs in their coalition, even though conservatism is almost the opposite of the cultural conditions of a modern economy.
A certain amount of tension between democracy and the market is indeed irreducible. But a great deal has been learned about action films markets and their relationship to government, and the democratic culture of innovation can reduce the unnecessary tensions between small business and government while providing for social values such as urban design, consumer information, and the environment. An excellent example of this is duplicative paperwork. Small business people must often fill out dozens of forms for various government bureaucracies. This is structure a significant expense. Essays? These forms should be combined and given a clean and unified interface. The bureaucracies, however, each analyze things in their own incompatible ways, and so the forms cannot simply be merged. Like much of democracy, this is an interesting design matter. * Clone George Soros.
George Soros is an excellent citizen. Conservatism has gotten so out of sync with the conditions of a modern economy that significant numbers of wealthy people, especially young entrepreneurs who live and breathe the liberal culture that makes successes like theirs possible, would be happy to help build the institutions that a democratic society needs. What is needed right now are institutions that train people to win arguments for democracy in government, the mass media. Antireason has become thoroughly established in about action films, the media, and it will take real work to how is today, invent languages of reason that are fresh and cool. And this work just costs money. * Build the Democratic Party. Your model should be Pat Robertson. He is as extreme on essays action films, the right as anybody in the United States is on the left. Yet his people took over large parts of the Republican Party. Nursing Thinking Scenarios? They did this in three ways: laboriously designing a mainstream-sounding language, identifying large numbers of essays about action films, talented activists and training them in the day-to-day work of practice scenarios, issue and party politics, and building their own communications systems.
Liberals should do the same. Now, many liberals argue that the essays about films, Democratic Party would magically start winning again if it would only move to the left. Research? This is lazy nonsense. The Democratic Party has moved to the right for the simple reason that liberals do not have a language that wins elections. To take over the Democratic Party, liberals need to replace the about action, left-wing policies that do not work and, for the policies that do work, get a language that moves 51% of likely voters to vote Democratic. Other liberals argue that the Democratic Party, and the system in general, are irretrievably broken, and that they must build a third party, such as the Green Party with its endorsement of messing, Ralph Nader. The difficulties with this notion are hard to count. For one, splitting the films, left is a certain recipe for centuries of aristocratic domination. For another, building a party with only people who share your opinions to and juliet today essay, the nth degree is about a certain recipe for factionalism and isolation.
For another, the Green Party is a chaotic mess that has no serious chance of becoming a mass-based political party. Life under aristocratic domination is horrible. The United States is blessed to have little notion of what this horror is like. Europe, for of an epq essay example, staggered under the weight of its aristocracies for thousands of years. European aristocracies are in decline, and Europe certainly has its democratic heroes and its own dawning varieties of essays, civilized life, and yet the psychology and institutions that the aristocracies left behind continue to make European societies rigid and blunt Europeans' minds with layers of internalized oppression. Messing College? People come to America to essays, get away from all of that. Conservatism is as alien here as it could possibly be. Only through the most comprehensive campaign of deception in human history has it managed to establish its very tentative control of the country's major political institutions. Conservatism until very recently was quite open about the fact that it is incompatible with the modern world.