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Australian Human Rights Commission. everyone, everywhere, everyday. Home / News / Opinion Pieces / PEN Essay 2014: Freedom of dbq essay on the speech and comparing Australia’s Racial Discrimination Act. Dbq Essay! PEN Essay 2014: Freedom of speech and graduate interior Australia’s Racial Discrimination Act. Dbq Essay! It is said by many that freedom of expression means nothing if it doesn’t entail a freedom to offend others. Angel Evangelion! The price of dbq essay on the columbian exchange having free speech is that one may have to tolerate things that we may not like. As the writer Richard King suggests in cover, his recent book On Offence , “the claim to on the exchange, find something hurtful or offensive should be the about immigration, beginning of the debate, not the end of on the columbian it”.  But what if the burden of fresh graduate designer cover tolerance is columbian, not borne equally? What if there are forms of speech that cause harms to some, in ways that do not merely wound their sensibilities, but also their very dignity as a person? How should a liberal democracy treat forms of speech that racially vilify others? For almost two decades, Australians have had federal legislation prohibiting racial vilification.
Yet the vilification provisions of the and contrasting poetry, Racial Discrimination Act are now subject to intense public debate. In March 2014, the Federal Government released an columbian, exposure draft of graduate designer letter proposed amendments to the Act, which it argues will enhance freedom of dbq essay on the columbian exchange speech while also ensuring protection against essay not have racial vilification. But will they? And how should we frame our debate about the issue? As I will argue, there are reasons to on the exchange, be seriously concerned about the proposed changes to comparing poetry, the Racial Discrimination Act. Dbq Essay Columbian Exchange! Any debate should also be guided by a recognition that there may be two freedoms at stake: not just freedom of speech, but also freedom from hotel no experience, racial discrimination. Let me begin with freedom – namely, freedom of speech. On The Columbian Exchange! It has long been an article of persuasive we should faith among liberals that free speech is a fundamental freedom. “If all mankind minus one were of one opinion”, John Stuart Mill famously wrote, “mankind would be no more justified in silencing that one person than he, if he had the power, would be justified in dbq essay on the exchange, silencing mankind”.  There “ought to exist the fullest liberty of professing and discussing, as a matter of hotel cover letter ethical conviction, any doctrine, however immoral it may be considered”. Dbq Essay!  For Mill, this was because a free exchange of ideas was required if we were to find the on why school, truth.
According to the traditional liberal interpretation, Mill believed that the exchange, only limits that should exist upon speech were those concerning the incitement of essays physical harm. Anything short of that should be permitted. There is on the face of things a powerful clarity to dbq essay, Mill’s argument. Yet as one scholar has argued, Mill is nonetheless “a difficult writer because his clarity hides complicated arguments and assumptions that often take a good deal of unpicking”.  In Mill’s thought, the letter no experience, limits of liberty are to be understood by reference to dbq essay on the columbian, the purpose of ielts good writing essays our living in dbq essay on the columbian exchange, society. Essays Library! While his writings defended liberty, this defence was ultimately concerned with the value of individuality. That is to say, freedom of dbq essay on the exchange expression mattered not just because it enabled the orwell essays everyman's, discovery of columbian exchange truth, but also because it was necessary for people to essays about, develop their individuality. Freedom was not just about an dbq essay, absence of interference from others, but also about self-development and moral progress. Comparing And Contrasting Poetry! These points about individuality and on the columbian a positive conception of liberty are important considerations in angel, any application of Mill to dbq essay on the columbian, our current debates. Hearing wrong and distasteful views is one thing, but being subjected to persuasive essay on why, racist speech or vilification is columbian exchange, another. The injury in about immigration, question is dbq essay columbian, not merely upon one’s tastes; it is upon persuasive essay we should not have uniforms one’s individuality and freedom. Consider the dbq essay columbian, evidence.
A few years ago, in developing the National Anti-Racism Strategy, the Australian Human Rights Commission conducted a consultation involving a survey of Australians’ perceptions and we should not have school uniforms experiences of racism. It was commonplace for respondents to reflect on dbq essay columbian how sad and essays about immigration angry the experience of racism made them feel, and columbian exchange how racism diminished their sense of evangelion worth. One respondent said ‘[i]t makes me feel like I am a lesser human being.’  Another mentioned its impact on emotions and health: ‘I feel so much revulsion that I sometimes feel physically ill. It is on the exchange, a major contributor to essays about, the anxiety I experience in columbian, everyday life’.  Other respondents highlighted how racism had the orwell, effect of intimidating or inhibiting them. On The! As described by angel thesis evangelion one person, ‘I feel like I am being treated as a second class citizen. I cannot speak up against any unfair treatment in the workplace . ’  ‘Racism’, one man of African-American background said, ‘makes me feel like I have to always be cognizant of what I say’, in on the exchange, case he were to encounter bigotry.  Many others described how racism made them feel unsafe, especially at night or in public places.  Such testimony demonstrates the essays, impact that racism has on columbian exchange freedom – on how Australians enjoy their freedom to live their lives on about a daily basis. There is the on the, impact that racism can have on someone’s self-perception. Where people begin to accept a picture of their own inferiority, this can get in the way of hotel cover them exercising their freedom.
It is difficult to columbian, see how can someone reach their potential, or be a truly self-determining individual, if they constantly second-guess themselves or feel constantly without power or hope. Graduate Designer Cover! And insofar as those who dispense with racist abuse can intimidate others, it is exchange, open to consider them as interfering with the freedom of others. If those on the receiving end are no longer moving in certain circles because of fear, it must surely follow that their realm of essay on why we should uniforms non-interference has been violated. If we do not always make the connection between racism and its curtailment of freedom, it is because we are more likely to regard the harm as one involving dignity. Racism reduces the standing of dbq essay on the columbian exchange another to that of a second-class citizen. But dignity is also connected to freedom; freedom, after all, is never something that we enjoy in graduate letter, a vacuum. Where there is an injury to on the columbian, dignity, there is an impact as well on the capacity to collection, exercise freedom. In the case of on the columbian exchange racism, the experience undermines the essay on why we should not have school, assurance of security to dbq essay on the exchange, which every member of a good society is entitled – the and contrasting poetry essays, sense of confidence that everyone will be treated fairly and columbian exchange justly, and that everyone can walk down the essays, street and exchange conduct their business, without fear of abuse or assault.  In Australian law, such an assurance has been embodied in essays, the Racial Discrimination Act’s provisions on racial vilification. Dbq Essay On The Columbian! Section 18C of the essay not have school, Act makes it unlawful to dbq essay on the columbian, commit a public act that is reasonably likely to offend, insult, humiliate or intimidate another person on the grounds of race.
This provision was introduced in 1995, in response to the recommendations of the Royal Commission into no experience, Aboriginal Deaths in on the columbian, Custody, the National Inquiry into of essays, Racist Violence and the Australian Law Reform Commission. There was during the dbq essay on the columbian, late 1980s and essays immigration 1990s community concern about dbq essay exchange racist incidents and their impact on social cohesion. Collection Of Essays! Since their introduction, laws against racial vilification have done a number of things. They have helped to dbq essay columbian, set the tone for orwell essays library our multicultural society. They have provided all Australians with a legal means of dbq essay columbian holding others accountable for good essays public acts of racial vilification that have the on the exchange, effect of essays about immigration degrading them. They have helped to dbq essay columbian, nip racial hatred in essays, the bud. The law has also struck a balance between freedom of speech and freedom from on the, racial vilification. Contrary to much commentary, it doesn't serve to protect trivial hurt feelings. Courts have interpreted section 18C as applying only to acts that cause profound and serious effects as opposed to ielts good essays, mere slights.  Section 18C is also balanced by on the exchange section 18D, which is one of the about immigration, few provisions in on the exchange, Australian law that explicitly protects freedom of fresh graduate interior designer cover speech.
It protects anything that is done in the course of fair reporting or fair comment of a matter of public interest, provided it is dbq essay columbian exchange, done reasonably and in comparing essays, good faith. The law is dbq essay on the columbian exchange, also civil and educative in character. Though it is commonly assumed that breaching section 18C results in a prosecution or a conviction, the ielts essays, Racial Discrimination Act provides for no such punishment. Where there is on the columbian exchange, a complaint about racial vilification, it goes to ielts good writing essays, conciliation at the Australian Human Rights Commission, which will attempt to dbq essay columbian, bring parties to a complaint together to discuss the evangelion, matter and arrive at dbq essay exchange an agreed resolution. In most cases, litigation does not occur: last financial year, of the essay on why not have uniforms, 192 complaints lodged concerning racial hatred, only five (or 3 per cent) ended up in dbq essay on the, court. Essays About Immigration! Sections 18C and 18D would be repealed under the Federal Government’s exposure draft of on the columbian proposed amendments to about, the Act. Columbian Exchange! In my view, the proposed changes contain serious flaws that endanger the hotel receptionist cover letter no experience, protections Australians enjoy against dbq essay exchange racial abuse. Orwell Collection Of Essays! If enacted they would, in my view, undermine the integrity of racial discrimination laws. Dbq Essay On The! These shortcomings have been discussed in considerable detail during the past month. The proposed changes would limit unlawful racial abuse only to those acts that vilify or intimidate others on essay on why school uniforms the grounds of dbq essay exchange race (respectively, acts defined as the and contrasting essays, incitement of third parties to racial hatred and as physical intimidation). Most troubling is the dbq essay on the columbian exchange, broad exception for evangelion anything done in the course of dbq essay on the columbian participating in public discussion – an exception that would mean that few, if any, acts would be prohibited.
Many also believe these changes would send an evangelion, unedifying and dangerous signal to dbq essay exchange, society. Essays Everyman's Library! Multicultural and on the columbian exchange Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, legal and writing human rights experts, psychologists and public health professionals, and dbq essay columbian exchange the community at angel large have been united in their support for current laws against dbq essay columbian exchange racial vilification. About!  A Fairfax-Nielsen poll found that 88 per cent of respondents believed it should remain unlawful to dbq essay columbian, offend, insult or humiliate someone on hotel cover letter no experience the grounds of dbq essay race.  Another recent survey conducted by academics at about the University of dbq essay Western Sydney found that nearly 80 per cent of hotel Australians supported existing legal protections against racial vilification. Dbq Essay!  At a time when some have championed a right to bigotry, such support for the current laws affirms Australian society's deep commitment to racial tolerance. It affirms that Australians not only value living in orwell, a society that condemns racism, but that they believe it is right that our laws reflect our values. The law regulates many aspects of our social life. Dbq Essay Columbian Exchange! It is perfectly reasonable and appropriate that it should also have something to say about interior designer abuse and harassment that violate another person's dignity and freedom. The law should rightly play a part in setting a civil tone in dbq essay exchange, a liberal democratic society.
Fighting bad speech with good speech? There are, of course, some who argue that however abhorrent racial vilification may be, it would be better to persuasive essay we should not have school, leave things to the marketplace of ideas. Let good speech override bad speech – let there be an columbian exchange, open contest where we put our faith in the goodness of essays everyman's our fellow citizens. Dbq Essay On The Columbian Exchange! If one is to be subjected to hate speech, one should be free to exercise one’s own speech to collection, counter it. Dbq Essay! In fact, it is argued, being exposed to the ugliness of essays about hate speech may even have edifying effects: it ensures that all manner of bad doctrine or hatred can be disinfected by on the sunlight. At the very least, as Richard King has put it, we could avoid one potential moral danger. We could avoid having a state protect its citizens against writing hate speech at the cost of on the ‘infantilising those citizens [and] undermining their dignity, by thesis evangelion assuming that they can’t stick up for dbq essay columbian exchange themselves’.  There is, I believe, a misleading simplicity about such arguments. First, it seems odd to be celebrating bad or ugly speech. To be sure, those who laud what some have called the graduate cover letter, ethos of on the homeopathic machismo – the idea that “the notion that a tincture of orwell poison will lift us to heights of tolerance or civil mindedness”  - may have a point if the only relevant perspective is that of the impartial spectator. For the on the, spectator who is hotel, fortunate enough to remain insulated from on the columbian, racial vilification and to live in a social world free of violence, there may well be a benefit in of essays, coming across an ugly incident of racism. This spectator may be shocked by dbq essay what he saw.
She may, for the first time, realise the confronting nature of hotel receptionist letter racism. She may leave with a new appreciation of the harms that it causes. Who knows; maybe she may leave with a newfound sense of indignation about dbq essay on the columbian racism and about become an advocate for racial tolerance. Yet from the columbian, perspective of someone who is the target of racial abuse, there is hotel no experience, little that is on the columbian, edifying about the of essays, experience. Columbian Exchange! It is not clear how someone who has been called a “coon” or “boong” or “gook” or “chink” or “curry muncher” or “sandnigger” by a stranger in orwell library, public should be grateful for being given the dbq essay on the columbian exchange, opportunity to improve their soul. It seems perverse to cover letter, say that we must all tolerate hate, if not everyone has to bear the dbq essay exchange, burden of everyman's library tolerance in the same way. Dbq Essay On The Exchange! And in response to King’s arguments, we may question what is more likely to amount to essay we should school uniforms, infantilising our fellow citizens. Is it to have protections against on the hate speech?
Or is it to tell some communities that in spite of what they say, that we may know better what is in their interests? It seems deeply patronising to essays immigration, tell some communities they do not know it is in exchange, their interests to fresh graduate designer, be subject to abuse and to enjoy lesser protections under the law. On The Columbian Exchange! Indeed, when it comes to fighting bad speech with good speech, power and privilege matter. “More speech” can be an easy thing to prescribe if one were an articulate and well-educated professional or someone accustomed to enjoying the ielts good essays, privilege of columbian social power. But the everyman's, marketplace of ideas can be distorted. Dbq Essay On The! We cannot realistically expect that the speech of the strong can be countered by the speech of the everyman's library, weak. It is interesting that in dbq essay columbian, the Australian Human Rights Commissions’ consultations, referred to above, respondents indicated that one impact of racism was precisely that it made them feel less free to speak. As one respondent said, ‘[r]acism makes me feel intimidated [and] curtails my freedom. ’. On Why We Should Uniforms!  Another said, ‘I cannot exercise my basic human rights in dbq essay on the exchange, freedom of essay not have uniforms speech, opinions and expressions’  . If such testimony is any indication, racism can have a profound effect in on the exchange, silencing its targets, and in orwell collection, debilitating their ability to enjoy freedom of expression.
This is why it is dbq essay on the, unconvincing to orwell of essays, say that leaving things open to more speech is all that's needed to fight racism. Not everyone is in a position of dbq essay on the parity to orwell of essays, speak back. Columbian! In any case, it would be wrong to graduate interior letter, assume that racism can always be countered by a well-reasoned riposte, that those perpetrating racism can be persuaded to change their mind through reason – for the basic reason that racism is not always rational in the first place. Our debate about racial vilification laws does involve a question of dbq essay columbian exchange freedom. Yet there are two freedoms at stake: freedom of comparing and contrasting poetry essays expression and freedom from racial vilification. The value of on the columbian free speech must not trump all others. Essay On Why We Should Not Have School Uniforms! The liberal defence of on the columbian exchange freedom of essays about expression has frequently rested on the contribution that freedom of on the exchange expression makes to individuality.
If that is the case, those of the liberal creed should recognise that some forms of conduct – speech as well as physical acts – can inflict serious harms on others. Any debate should also be based on about immigration a sound understanding of how the Racial Discrimination Act in fact operates. Dbq Essay On The Columbian! There are numerous points of misunderstanding – for thesis evangelion instance, the oft-made claims that racial vilification laws criminalise hate speech or involve a form of state censorship. The law as it currently exists involves neither of on the exchange these things. Moreover, courts have interpreted the orwell, law only to apply to exchange, those acts that cause profound and serious effects, as distinct from hurt feelings. The case for orwell essays library changing the dbq essay on the columbian, Racial Discrimination Act has not been made. Essays Immigration! There is no compelling evidence that the dbq essay on the, law has a chilling effect on freedom of expression in Australia. A weakening of essays about immigration racial hate speech laws may have the effect of emboldening a minority of Australians with bigoted views. On The Columbian! To those who would champion a right to be a bigot, we should ask: must this supposed right outweigh a right to be free from the thesis, effects of exchange bigotry?  R King, On Offence: The Politics of Indignation , (2013) p 222. Ielts Good Essays!  JS Mill, On Liberty , (1869), ‘Chapter II: Of the Liberty of Thought and Discussion’.  JS Mill, On Liberty , (1869), at columbian note 1. Poetry!  A Ryan, The Making of Modern Liberalism , p 257.  Survey responses from the columbian, Australian Human Rights Commission’s consultations as part of the National Anti-Racism Strategy in good writing, 2012 (unpublished). On The Columbian Exchange!  J Waldron, The Harm of Hate Speech (2012), p 60. Fresh Interior Letter!  Creek v Cairns Post Pty Ltd (2001) 112 FCR 352, 356-357 .  See for example submissions published on the website of the Human Rights Law Centre in dbq essay on the columbian, response to of essays, the Exposure on on the proposed changes to the Racial Discrimination Act: http://hrlc.org.au/proposed-changes-to-racial-vilification-laws-key-submissions/ (viewed 14 May 2014).  Summarised in A Jakobowiz and others, ‘What do Australian internet users think about evangelion racial vilification?’, The Conversation , 17 March 2014, at http://theconversation.com/what-do-australian-internet-users-think-about-racial-vilification-24280 (viewed 14 May 2014).  R King, On Offence: The Politics of columbian exchange Indignation , (2013), p 219.  J D Peters, Courting the hotel, Abyss: Free Speech and columbian the Liberal Tradition (2005), p 146.
 Survey responses from the Australian Human Rights Commission’s consultations as part of the orwell essays everyman's, National Anti-Racism Strategy in dbq essay on the exchange, 2012 (unpublished).
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oedipus funny essay by Ed Friedlander M.D. This website collects no information. If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on to any third party, unless required by law. I have no sponsors and do not host paid advertisements. All external links are provided freely to sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. This page was last modified December 3, 2010. If you are a student assigned to read or see King Lear , or an adult approaching it for the first time, your experience will be special.
These notes will help you get started. Geoffrey of exchange Monmouth (History of the orwell, English Kings, around 1140), who provides our oldest written reference to King Lear (spelled Leir), describes him as a pre-Christian warrior king in what is now southwest England. (Click here to read it yourself.) This area now includes Cornwall (origin of cornish game hens.) Saint Albans (Albany, for which the capital of New York State is named, is farther away. In the old story remembered by Geoffrey, Lear asked his three daughters whether they loved him. Two claimed to do so extravagantly, while the on the exchange, third said she loved him only as a daughter should. Lear disinherited the honest daughter. We Should School Uniforms. The story appears elsewhere in world folklore; there is an Eastern European version in which the honest daughter says she loves her father as much as she loves salt.
Lear went to live with his first daughter, bringing a hundred followers. Columbian Exchange. She demanded that he reduce his followers to fifty. Lear then went to live with the other daughter, who reduced the number to twenty-five. Lear went back and forth between the daughters until he was alone. And Contrasting. Then the third daughter raised an army, defeated the other two, and restored him to his kingdom. Dbq Essay On The Columbian. (The story appears in Holinshed, who adds that Cordelia succeeded her father as monarch and was deposed by collection of essays the sons of on the columbian exchange her sisters.) This tale about how actions speak louder than words had recently been played on the London stage in The True Chronicle of King Leir. We have seen the essential story once again in the Japanese Ran , and more recently in A Thousand Acres , an intelligent feminist tale, with the two older daughters as incest survivors who have spent their lives cajoling a crazy, abusive father and protecting their youngest sister.
A different family problem from the Lear's -- the Fool says the king made his daughters his mothers (disciplinarians) rather than his wives, the rod refers to a stick for spanking (spare the rod and spoil the child), and in III ii, King Lear calls on the storm to punish the crimes of others that usually go unpunished -- close pent-up guilts -- including incest and perjury but also planning murders and performing elder abuse.) Grigori Kozintsev's 1969 Russian version is called Korol Lir, translated into Russian by Boris Pasternak, (a few copies are usually available at cover letter, amazon.com, and dbq essay, it is now re-released by library the BBC). A bit of the fourth act made it into the Beatles' Magical Mystery Tour for some reason. Shakespeare has retold the old story as a vehicle for a strikingly modern message. Many people consider King Lear to be his finest work. Whether or not you agree with his vision of a godless universe in dbq essay which our only hope is to be kind to one another, you will recognize the real beliefs of many (if not most) of your neighbors.
To find Shakespeare's intent, look first for: changes in the plot sources made by the author; passages that do not advance the plot or have obvious appeal to fresh graduate interior cover, the intended audience. Shakespeare took a story that had a happy ending, and gave it a sad ending. He transformed a fairy-tale about virtuous and wicked people into something morally ambiguous. He took a story of wrongs being righted, and turned it into the story of dbq essay columbian painful discovery. He included passages that deal with ideas instead of advancing the plot. Lear is king of comparing and contrasting essays Britain. He is an old, highly successful warrior king. Dbq Essay On The Exchange. (War is an institution that we despise, just as Shakespeare clearly despised it. But before birth control or real personal security, population pressures made war and even genocidal conflict a fact of life.) Like Hamlet and interior cover, Othello, we are impressed with him because of what others say about his background. (You can find examples. At the dbq essay on the exchange, end of the play, we will learn that despite his advanced age, he can still kill a young, armed man with his bare hands.) King Lear has decided to retire and to divide his kingdom among his three daughters and their husbands. His stated intention is to prevent future conflict.
This is really not very smart, since it actually invites war between the heirs. Shakespeare's audience (having just been spared a civil war following the death of Elizabeth) would have realized this. King Lear has staged a ceremony in which each daughter will affirm her love for him. Whether this has been rehearsed, or the daughters forewarned, we can only comparing and contrasting essays guess. Goneril and Regan may have been embarrassed. Dbq Essay. Goneril says she loves her father more than she can say. King Lear thanks her and gives her Third Prize.
Regan says that she loves her father so much that she doesn't like anything else. King Lear thanks her and gives her Second Prize. Cordelia says that she loves her father exactly as a daughter should. King Lear goes ballistic and disinherits her, and banishes the Earl of Kent for speaking in her defense. First Prize is divided between the other two daughters. You can decide whether King Lear is showing early signs of mental illness (as his other daughters think), or whether he just wanted an excuse to give Cordelia the and contrasting poetry essays, best share of the on the columbian, kingdom and she just spoiled it. Cordelia has been courted by the Duke of Burgundy and library, the King of France. Burgundy says he will not marry a woman with no property. France is more clever. He swears that he loves Cordelia, and marries her. This is an dbq essay on the obvious plan to make a claim on and contrasting poetry, the British throne, and Shakespeare's audience would have realized this.
We'll see the proof later. France may or may not be sincere in loving Cordelia. We won't know. As the basis of dbq essay his retirement agreement, King Lear has stipulated that he will live alternately with his daughters, who will support him and 100 followers. When he leaves, Goneril and Regan express their understandable concern about hosting a mentally-imbalanced father and his personal army.
King Lear goes to good essays, live with Goneril. The first daughter's steward Oswald yells at Lear's jester, and Lear punches the steward. Goneril decides to assert control. When the play is staged, a good director might have Lear's retinue disrespecting Goneril -- whistles, catcalls, lewd remarks, or whatever. Kent returns in disguise to dbq essay columbian exchange, serve Lear, and graduate designer letter, we meet the columbian, jester (Fool). For some reason, just like Kent, the jester is loyal to the king. A court jester might be a comedian-entertainer, or simply a retarded person kept as an object of amusement.
Lear's jester is specially privileged to comparing and contrasting, speak the on the, truth, which he does ironically. Both the king and the jester make reference to persuasive essay on why we should not have uniforms, the jester being whipped at times -- Ian McKellen makes it clear that this is a joke, with the king tapping the columbian exchange, face on the jester's mock scepter (bauble / marotte). You'll need to decide whether the king has always been kind to the jester, or whether the jester (like Kent) for letter some reason remains loyal despite past mistreatment. Oswald is dbq essay on the exchange, rude to Lear, and one of Lear's knights makes an indignant speech about the interior cover, king not being cared for properly. (This knight, and all the others, will soon abandon their king.) Lear yells at Oswald, Kent trips Oswald, and a scene ensues in which Goneril demands that Lear reduce the number of his followers -- evidently to 50. Columbian. Goneril (rightly) points out that her own people can care for him just as well. And Contrasting Poetry. (There's a subtlety here. In the original story, the daughters send the knights away, i.e., refuse to exchange, pay to support them. However, if you read closely, the knights are already leaving King Lear, because they can tell what is going to comparing poetry essays, happen. The king is showing lapses in on the columbian exchange judgement, and on why we should not have school, has no way of columbian forcing his daughters to ielts good essays, honor their promise to dbq essay on the exchange, support him.
In a time of warlords, soldiers will desert when the leader shows signs of being unable to lead and/or guarantee their salaries.) Lear curses Goneril and departs for orwell essays Regan's. He sends Kent before him, and columbian, Goneril sends Oswald. Regan and her husband have gone to essays everyman's, visit the Earl of Gloucester, and exchange, when Kent and Oswald meet at the Earl's castle, Kent picks a fight and writing, Regan's husband puts him in the stocks. This is a serious breach of protocol, and dbq essay columbian, when Lear arrives, he is ielts essays, furious. Columbian Exchange. (Kent's difficult phrase Nothing almost sees miracles but misery, by its context, seems to mean that when things seem to be going really badly, it's common to fresh graduate, receive unexpected, seemingly-miraculous help.) Goneril arrives and Lear curses her again. Regan says she will allow him only 25 followers. Since Lear no longer has a source of income, his followers are leaving en masse anyway, but Lear evidently does not realize this.
Lear says he will return to Goneril, but now she will not even allow 25, and dbq essay on the columbian exchange, the daughters re-enact the ielts good writing essays, fairy-tale plot by alternately reducing the numbers, and asking Why do you need even one follower, when we can care for you ourselves? Of course, they are right, but Lear says that he measures his personal worth in terms of dbq essay on the exchange his possessions. Reason not the need! Our basest beggars are in the poorest things superfluous. Allow not nature more than nature needs, Man's life is cheap as beast's. Comparing And Contrasting Essays. Vanities give meaning to dbq essay on the exchange, life and this is what raises us above the essay on why we should uniforms, level of animals. King Lear, now alone except for dbq essay on the columbian Kent and the jester, starts to cry and runs off as a storm brews. The daughters lock him out of the castle to teach him a lesson. Lecturers who enjoy talking about The Elizabethan World Picture, in which orders of nature reflect human law and its breakdown, will tell you that the ensuing storm mirrors the hotel cover letter, chaos in Britain.
The Elizabethans paid lip-service to the idea that kings were magic, and actually knew that a stable monarchy was better for exchange everybody than civil war. (Lawful democracy would be devised later.) King Lear yells back at what proves to be a preternaturally severe storm. Fresh Designer Letter. His whole retinue have abandoned him except the jester, who begs Lear to go apologize to dbq essay exchange, his daughters and seek shelter, and Kent, who sends to fresh graduate interior cover letter, Dover, where the French army has landed in expectation of a British civil war. Even though the jester pretends to be foolish, he always knows exactly what is going on, and what's more, he is dbq essay on the columbian, loyal to the old king. You'll need to decide for yourself whether this is foolishness or profound wisdom. In the first storm scene, which is orwell essays library, difficult, Lear is going crazy. Dbq Essay On The Columbian. He: first calls on the power of the storm to sterilize the orwell everyman's, human race; then accuses the storm of taking sides with his daughters against his dignity and being their degraded slave; then, realizing that people have deceived him, says the storm must be the gods's way of finding and dbq essay, punishing secret evildoers, and that he is a man more sinned against than sinning; then comments, my wit begins to turn, i.e., he realizes he is going crazy -- in literature, becoming insane is often a metaphor for changing the way you look at yourself and the world; notices the jester is ielts good writing, cold, and comments that he is also cold; this is the first time Lear has been responsive to the needs and on the columbian exchange, concerns of someone else; accepts Kent's suggestion to take shelter in a hut. Already inside the hut is one of the homeless mentally-ill.
The play is probably better if, as it is comparing and contrasting essays, sometimes staged, there are several lunatics all ranting together. (This one lunatic is actually a sane man in disguise, seeking refuge from private injustice. The extras who served as knights in the first and second act and on the exchange, who will be in the battle scenes at the end can be the orwell of essays, extra lunatics.) When he sees the hut, and before seeing the lunatic(s), King Lear realizes that what is dbq essay on the columbian exchange, happening to orwell collection, him now is what he has allowed to happen to the poor throughout his reign. Oh, I have taken too little care of this. Dbq Essay Exchange. He suddenly realizes that his luxuries have been maintained at the expense of his poorest subjects, and that justice is only now being served on him. When he sees the essays, lunatic(s), Lear cracks, and says he/they must have given everything to their daughters and been turned out also. But the onset of madness confers a deeper insight. Lear sees in the naked lunatic someone who has taken nothing wrongfully from anyone, and is the essential human being. Saying that unaccommodated man is no more but such a poor, bare, forked animal as thou art, the king rips off his clothes. In the third storm scene, King Lear holds a trial of dbq essay exchange his two daughters, evidently mistaking a stool for Goneril, something else (I've seen a chicken used) for Regan, and so forth. In one Royal Shakespeare Company production, the king mistook a pillow that the jester was holding for Regan, and stabbed the jester to orwell essays everyman's, death through the pillow. The good Earl of Gloucester comes and dbq essay on the columbian, urges Kent to take the king (who has passed out) to comparing, Dover, since his daughters' people are planning to columbian exchange, kill him.
At the end, Kent tells the jester to follow Lear. Comparing And Contrasting Poetry Essays. As often played, Kent discovers the jester to dbq essay on the exchange, be dead. The jester has no more entrances or lines, and perhaps the same boy-actor played Cordelia and the jester in the original production. You can read more about Robert Armin, the beloved comedian who played Shakespeare's jesters at ielts good writing, the time, elsewhere online. Kent and dbq essay on the, Lear reach Dover and Cordelia, who loves him. Fresh Graduate Designer Cover. Cordelia accompanies an dbq essay on the columbian invading French army. She may not realize this, but sending her is probably a cynical, no-lose move by the King of France.
If his forces win and kill the other heirs, he is fresh graduate designer cover letter, now also King of Britain. Dbq Essay On The Columbian Exchange. If his forces lose, the heirs will kill Cordelia and comparing and contrasting, he will be rid of a wife who is no longer of any political value. It seems to me that this is why the King of France suddenly had to return to his own country because of some sudden business that was more important than conquering England. Uh huh. He has left his wife either to on the, do it for him, or be killed. (Shakespeare's English audience mostly did not like the French. Obviously Shakespeare couldn't show a conquering French king on everyman's library, his stage. But having the king land and then leave suddenly lets Shakespeare make the foreign king look machiavellian. You'll have to decide about this for yourself.) Kent tells a friend that King Lear, in columbian his more lucid moments, is too ashamed to see Cordelia. The king reappears in a field where the Earl of Gloucester lies, his eyes having been gouged out by Regan and her husband.
King Lear is now crowned and decorated with weeds and wild flowers. He wavers between hallucinations and collection, accurate perception. Dbq Essay Exchange. At the essays, same time, he talks about dbq essay exchange, his world, focusing on how fake ordinary human society is. When he coins money, only his royal title makes him other than a counterfeiter. People pretend to be modest and orwell essays, virtuous, but in private are as amoral and dirty-living as animals. The law is concerned with protecting the dbq essay on the columbian exchange, rich and concealing their misbehavior, not with promoting justice and fairness. Regan and orwell collection, Goneril have played and dbq essay columbian exchange, humored him. He learned the truth only in the storm. He says that when we are born, we cry that we are come to receptionist no experience, this great stage of fools. Cordelia's people come to bring him back to their camp, and they chase him down.
We next see King Lear asleep under the care of Cordelia. He awakes, and thinks -- correctly -- that he recognizes her. But he thinks that they are both dead. Thou art a soul in bliss, but I am bound upon the wheel of fire, that mine own tears do scald like molten lead. Cordelia kneels, Lear tries to do the same (as in columbian exchange the older play), but Cordelia prevents him. Lear says he knows he is not in his perfect mind, and that he is bewildered, and that if Cordelia wants him dead he will drink her poison. When Cordelia says she has no cause to be angry, but merely wants to help him, Lear says Pray now, forget and forgive. We Should. I am old and foolish. King Lear is not about columbian exchange, wrongs being righted. If Shakespeare were a Hollywood writer, his king might have returned to rulership and collection of essays, (having learned to be sensitive, and that it is all right to dbq essay, cry) become a champion for the poor in his own country and set up a social agency to deal effectively with other dysfunctional families. In contrast to the happy ending in comparing poetry essays the source, Shakespeare has the French army defeated by the British, and dbq essay on the columbian exchange, Lear and Cordelia are captured.
King Lear looks forward to orwell library, happy time with his daughter in prison, merely laughing at the rest of the world. As the subplot concludes, all the villains are dead, but Cordelia has been hanged in exchange prison. King Lear kills the hangman with his bare hands. He comes onstage, carrying Cordelia's body and howling. King Lear's surviving heir, Goneril's good husband who is now sole head of the victorious army, returns Lear's royal power, but Lear does not notice.
Suddenly uncertain whether she is everyman's library, alive or dead, King Lear bends to examine Cordelia, believes she is alive, and falls dead himself. The good survivors see the passing of a man who was larger than life. The secondary plot. King Lear's story is paralleled by on the the story of the Earl of Gloucester. We meet him at the beginning, introducing his illegitimate son Edmund with some smutty jokes. We do not need to see Edmund's face to ielts writing essays, imagine how often this must have happened, and how Edmund's feelings must have been hurt by it. Dbq Essay On The. Perhaps this is ielts essays, part of dbq essay on the exchange how he got his attitude toward the world. Alone, Edmund soliloquizes that he is good writing essays, as talented and dbq essay on the columbian, as loved as his legitimate brother Edgar, and that the accident of his birth is unjust. Hotel Receptionist No Experience. He professes allegiance to nature rather than law or love, and dbq essay on the columbian, decides that he will try to comparing and contrasting poetry essays, gain control of the earldom by removing his father and brother. Edmund takes a minute to dbq essay columbian exchange, ridicule astrology. We can ask ourselves whether Edmund is simply making fun of superstition, whether he is comparing and contrasting, talking about self-empowerment like a 1990's person, whether he is disavowing a role for heaven (God, the supernatural, transcendent values, the ideals of religion, whatever) in his life, or whether he is denying their reality altogether.
Later, the good Kent will look to dbq essay exchange, the same stars to explain the differences in attitude among King Lear's daughters. Edmund forges a letter, deceives his father into believing Edgar has first asked him to help murder Gloucester, then pretends to have been injured by the fleeing Edgar. Gloucester declares Edgar an outlaw and Edmund his heir. Orwell Collection. Edgar finds refuge among the dbq essay on the, homeless mentally ill and later meets King Lear there. When France invades, Gloucester talks to Edmund about taking King Lear's side, and of essays, Edmund betrays him to Goneril and Regan. Columbian. Edmund shows Cornwall an incriminating letter to Regan's husband and pretends to be uncertain about whether his father is essay not have, a traitor. True or not, is Cornwall's cynical reply, it hath made thee Earl of Gloucester. Pretending both moral outrage and the desire to follow proper legal procedure (the form of justice), Regan's husband carves out Gloucester's eyes. He stomps one eyeball flat on the ground for fun, but is dbq essay on the columbian exchange, stabbed to death by one of his own horrified servants, who is killed in turn by ielts good Regan's backstab. The dying husband calls on columbian, Regan for help, but Regan likes Edmund instead. Designer. As the dbq essay on the columbian exchange, scene is often staged, she merely walks off and lets him die.
The director may even have her stab Cornwall again herself. Gloucester's servants tend his wounds and Edgar leads him, without revealing who he is, to Dover, where he meets Lear and laments his own foolishness. Graduate Interior Designer. Then Oswald finds Gloucester and attacks him, but is killed by Edgar, who finds a letter incriminating Goneril for her adultery with Edmund. During the battle, Edgar finally reveals the truth to Gloucester and the old man dies happy. After the battle, Edgar defeats Edmund in a duel (Albany makes Edmund fight), jealous Goneril poisons Regan and then suicides, the brothers forgive each other, and Edmund's last act is an attempt to do good despite his own [evil] nature.
He calls -- too late -- for on the Lear's and Cordelia's lives to be spared. The subplot seems to have been inspired by an episode in Sidney's Arcadia about the King of comparing and contrasting poetry Paphlagonia. Many details match, including the dbq essay columbian exchange, good son persuading the blinded father not to jump to his death off a cliff. Some commentators, including Edgar, have seen Gloucester's physical torture as punishment for orwell collection his sexual sin. Be this as it may, King Lear contains the dbq essay on the columbian exchange, oldest torture scene that you'll see on the stage. Sensitive Victorians cut it from production. Orwell Essays Everyman's Library. Even by today's movie standards, it is columbian, a shocker. Since setting up this page, I've heard from a few students that their instructors said Today we consider Edmund admirable but in receptionist letter Shakespeare's time his actions might have made the columbian exchange, audience angry. I am not making this up.
Evidently Edmund is admirable because he has a grievance and talks about illegitimate sons being discriminated against, and is some kind of nature-worshipper. This overshadows the way he treats everybody around him. An authentic liberal would wish that Edmund had shown a little real kindness to the genuinely needy people on his father's estate -- as King Lear ultimately wishes he had done. Graduate Designer Cover Letter. Admiring someone primarily for his grievances is the politics of dbq essay on the exchange extremism. Feel free to speak up in class. Your decent-minded classmates will appreciate it. Themes and Image Patterns. Who is it that can tell me who I am? -- King Lear. The Elizabethans believed, or pretended to believe, that the natural world reflected a hierarchy that mirrored good government and stable monarchy.
This is a common enough idea in old books from various cultures. Even our scientific age talks both about laws of nature and good government through good laws, although of course we know the essential difference. Shakespeare's era contrasted nature and art (i.e., human-made decorations, human-made luxuries and technologies, human-made artistic productions), just as we talk about orwell library, essential human nature contrasted to dbq essay on the columbian, culture. Shakespeare's era also contrasted natural and good writing essays, unnatural behaviors; the latter would include mistreating family members, opposing the dbq essay, government, and various sexual activities not intended for procreation. King Lear deals with how children and ielts, parents treat each other, whether human society is the product of nature or something we create so as to live better than animals do, and whether human nature is fundamentally selfish or generous. Not surprisingly, you can find various ideas about the relationship between human beings and the natural world. You already know that 57 different animals are mentioned in on the the play. Lear tells Cordelia that neither human nature nor royal dignity can tolerate the way she has insulted him. Lear tells the King of France that nature is ashamed to have produced a child like Cordelia, whose lack of love is so contrary to nature.
King Lear expects people to be naturally virtuous, in other words, to tell him the lies he wants to hear. The King of graduate designer cover letter France suggests that Cordelia has a tardiness in nature, i.e., that sometime's it's natural to be inarticulate. France sees nature as the source of human frailties, rather than vice. Edmund begins, Thou, Nature, art my goddess. Human law and custom have treated Edmund unfairly because his parents were not married. Edmund intends to look out for himself, like an animal.
Edmund sees nature as the opposite of human virtue. Stupid Gloucester, deceived by Edmund, considers Edgar's supposed plot to murder him to be contrary to nature (unnatural, brutish). Gloucester believes in astrology. Gloucester thinks that the eclipses, which result from natural causes, still have unnatural effects, causing the breakdown of human society. Dbq Essay Exchange. Edmund doesn't believe in good writing astrology. Dbq Essay On The. He says he was born rough and self-centered, and that the stars had nothing to do with it. Later, Kent believes the stars must account for essays everyman's the inexplicable differences in people's attitudes. Some Elizabethans believed that the stars affected nature as supernatural agents.
Others believed that they were powerful natural forces. Edmund remarks that Edgar's nature is gentle and naive, and (at the on the columbian exchange, end) that he will do one last good deed in spite of mine own nature. (Do you think that Edmund realized -- for the first time, after the deaths of everyman's his two girlfriends -- that he COULD be loved, and this made him do something good? Edmund's remark about acting against his nature reminds us of the ongoing scientific and political controversies over how much of an individual's behavior is genetically programmed, how much is learned and conditioned, and how much one is dbq essay on the columbian, responsible. (Nature vs. nurture; innate vs. cultural, and so forth.) King Lear, thinking of Cordelia's most small fault, laments the on why, way it scrambled his mind (wrenched my frame of exchange nature from orwell everyman's its fixed place). King Lear also calls on columbian, nature as a goddess, to punish Goneril with infertility, or else give her a baby that grows up to hate her (a thwart disnatured torment). Lear says as he leaves Goneril's home, I will forget my nature, perhaps meaning he will begin crying again. Gloucester jokes that Edmund is fresh designer cover, loyal and natural. The latter means both illegitimate, and that he cares for his own flesh-and-blood as a son should. Exchange. Regan's husband speaks of Edmund's nature of such deep trust, i.e., his trustworthy character is ielts writing essays, inborn.
Kent tells the on the exchange, steward that nature disclaims thee; a tailor made thee, ridiculing his unmanliness and his obsequiousness. When Regan pretends to be sick, King Lear remarks that you're not yourself when natural sickness affects you. We are not ourselves when nature, being oppressed, commands the orwell collection, mind to suffer with the body. There's a foreshadowing here. Regan tells King Lear that nature in you stands on the very verge of her confine. On The Columbian. In other words, you're getting too old to make your own decisions, and Regan's behavior is only that of a good, natural daughter. We've already seen (allow not nature more than nature needs. Of Essays. ) King Lear says that it is superfluous luxuries that raise us above the natural level of on the animals.
He will soon change his mind. Kent and the other basically good characters see the treatment of Lear and Gloucester as unnatural. Albany says to Goneril, That nature which condemns itself in origin cannot bordered certain in itself -- i.e., if you mistreat your own parent, what kind of and contrasting essays person must you be? Writers who talk about the Elizabethans believing in cosmic hierarchy and so forth will see a moral warning against deviating from nature: If you have violated nature by being less than generous to your parent, your self-centeredness will grow and you will become morally worse than an animal. King Lear calls on the storm to crack nature's moulds and end the human race. Kent urges King Lear to dbq essay exchange, seek shelter, since man's nature cannot carry the collection, affliction nor the force and columbian exchange, the tyranny of the orwell collection of essays, open night's too rough for nature to endure. King Lear, crazy, asks whether Regan's hard-heartedness is the dbq essay exchange, result of natural disease or chemistry or something perhaps cultural or perhaps supernatural. Is there any cause in nature that makes this hardness? When Lear falls asleep in the last storm scene, Kent sees his madness as oppressed nature sleeping.
Cordelia is said to and contrasting poetry, redeem nature from the general curse brought by the other two daughters. With people like Cordelia in the world, one could not say the human race is generally bad by nature. The physician calls sleep our foster-nurse of nature. Readers may remember Macbeth, who after committing the unnatural crime of columbian killing a king, becomes an insomniac. King Lear, with the insight of madness, decorates himself with wild flowers. You can use these various ideas about what's natural and orwell collection of essays, what's not to develop a good paper. Thomas Hobbes observed that the lives of wild animals and primitive people are mostly nasty, brutish, and short. Despite romantic depictions, it would be hard nowadays to on the exchange, find anyone who would disagree.
Nowadays, most people believe that culture is something that we invent so that we can fall in love, create works of art and cover, music, remember the past, and enjoy a reasonable prospect of dbq essay on the columbian good health, personal security, and choosing our own paths through life. If most of us no longer believe that a king's sovereignty mirrors the comparing and contrasting poetry essays, harmony of a well-run natural world, we can still find fundamental human issues treated in columbian King Lear . King Lear tells Regan that you're not human unless you have more than you need. (Allow not nature more than nature needs. ) Then in the storm, King Lear cries out that only the poorest person, who owes nothing to anyone (not even the animals), is truly human (. the thing itself.) Which do you think is right? In I.iv., King Lear himself introduces the graduate interior designer cover, question, Who am I? in the passage that begins Doth any here know me. Columbian Exchange. and ends with Who is it that can tell me who I am? And if you want to keep it very simple, just notice this. King Lear and the mostly-good characters talk about nature as making us care about orwell collection of essays, one another, especially our own families. Edmund talks about on the, nature as making us care only about ourselves. Who is right? I can't tell you.
You have a lifetime to decide for yourself. Many people approaching King Lear decided Edmund is their favorite character. Shakespeare presents characters rather than caricatures, and orwell collection of essays, our sympathies are always divided. Edmund is charming, clever, clear-headed (when others are not). And we see at the very beginning how hurtfully and dbq essay on the exchange, thoughtlessly his father has treated him. In keeping with the theme of the play, Edmund decides at the beginning that human nature is fundamentally selfish. And Edmund decides to hotel receptionist, act accordingly.
In our world, such people always present themselves as having style, and in fact those who pray certain liturgies specifically renounce the dbq essay exchange, glamour of evil. Orwell Collection. Edmund treats others horribly. Yet at dbq essay, the end, Edmund finds the decency he thought he didn't have, and tries to collection, do good in on the columbian exchange spite of [his] own nature. I've seen this sort of thing in real life, and fresh graduate designer letter, perhaps you have too. There's a good paper right here. Other image clusters in King Lear include clothing / nakedness (are you more yourself with your culture's clothes and the dignity they confer, or naked, owing nothing to columbian, anyone?), fortune (is what happens to us dumb luck, predestined, or whatever?), justice (many different ideas), and and contrasting poetry, eyeslght / blindness / hallucination (a blinded character and dbq essay on the exchange, a hallucinating character both perceive things more clearly; the play asks Does human nature make us care only for ourselves, or for library others?, our natural eyes may not give us the best answer.) And there's the recurrent theme of nothing . Dbq Essay. Cordelia can add nothing to her sisters' speeches. Lear says that nothing is the hotel receptionist, reward to Cordelia and Burgundy after Cordelia says nothing.
Edmund was reading nothing, so Gloucester says the quality of nothing has no need to hide itself, and if it's nothing, he won't need his reading glasses. Lear says the jester's jingle is nothing, and dbq essay exchange, the jester adds that Lear paid nothing for it. Persuasive On Why We Should Not Have School Uniforms. Asked if he can make use of columbian nothing, Lear says again, nothing can come from nothing. Letter No Experience. The jester calls Lear a zero without a preceding figure, or nothing. Deprived of his identity, Edgard is nothing.
The storm makes nothing (should this be knotting?) of Lear's hair. But in dbq essay columbian exchange the storm, Lear first decides to say nothing, then admires the poor man who owes nothing to any other creature as the true human being. You can find several other examples, including insults of the form You're nothing but. . But King Lear's speech on owing nothing ends the image cluster. Perhaps Shakespeare is telling us that there is much of which we need to and contrasting poetry, divest ourselves before we can find our real selves. What Shakespeare Could Not Say Openly? Meantime, we shall express our darker purposes. -- Lear. You'll need to decide for yourself about what follows. The last lines of the play are puzzling, especially Speak what we feel, not what we ought to say. In Shakespeare's era, custom required that the first and on the columbian, last lines of a scene be given to we should school, the highest-ranking character on stage. Dbq Essay Columbian. The Quarto gives these to Albany (who is a duke, outranking an earl).
This looks like an editor's attempt to correct what he thought was an error. The Folio gives them to Edgar, who has just been asked to assume the kingship by ielts good essays Albany. Giving Edgar a final word along with Kent and Albany seems right. Thanks to my correspondent Menay D'Ann Wilde of Mrs. Dodson's class at Hirshi High for asking the perfect question: Since Edgar is not coronated, did Shakespeare make a mistake? What do YOU think? Was Shakespeare ignoring a hidebound, classist custom for the ending of his great tragedy? Albany's a duke and Edgar is king-designate, so who outranks who? Was giving the good king-to-be, Edgar, the last word the best way to end a sad play on an upbeat note?
Anyway. I think I understand what Edgar is saying. At the time of someone's death, Shakespeare's contemporaries (and most of ours) will tell you that the survivors ought to say some conventional piety. Dbq Essay Columbian. Edgar says, Let's just tell the truth. Ielts Good Essays. This happened.
This is sad. Shakespeare's England did not afford its citizens the same freedom of, or from, religion that we possess. Dbq Essay On The Exchange. A few years before King Lear , the playwright Thomas Kyd had literally been tortured for expressing skepticism about orthodox Christianity. Christopher Marlowe, who Kyd implicated as a fellow-freethinker, escaped a similar fate only by getting murdered in a tavern brawl. Characters in orwell essays King Lear often talk about the gods (the setting is pagan Britain); God is mentioned only once by King Lear, who fantasizes (unrealistically) that he and Cordelia will be allowed to live and look at ordinary people without being involved as if we were God's spies. Hypocritical Edmund pretends that he's warned Edgar of the gods' wrath, King Lear swears by on the columbian Apollo and Jupiter (and Kent, as a bitter joke, swears by Jupiter's wife Juno), and orwell of essays, of course Gloucester says that the gods play with us as boys play with flies, killing us for on the columbian fun. Edgar says (to Edmund, but for the benefit of the simple, good Albany) that the gods are just, and that Gloucester was punished for an episode of nonmarital sex by having his eyes gouged out. This is essays everyman's, obviously NOT justice. In the most puzzling scene in the play, Edgar pretends to escort the blind Gloucester to the white cliffs of Dover, where Gloucester intends to jump to his death.
Edgar tells him he is at the summit, Gloucester jumps, and faints. On The Columbian Exchange. Edgar then changes his accent, waits for essays his father to revive, and tells him that God has saved his life miraculously. Of course this is dbq essay on the columbian, a lie, but it helps Gloucester find emotional peace. Ielts Good Writing. Shakespeare changed his source material -- in the original, the son merely talks the father out of dbq essay on the columbian suicide. Edmund didn't believe in astrology, but considered himself a product of everyman's nature. Edgar's skeptical expression is columbian exchange, kinder but seems even deeper.
It seems to me that Shakespeare is saying, as clearly as he can, what many people in persuasive we should uniforms his own day must have believed secretly. Dbq Essay Exchange. There is and contrasting essays, no God. The comforts of dbq essay on the columbian exchange religion are make-believe. Nor are we good by nature, or through our laws and customs. The only hope for human beings is that we can be try to on why we should school, be decent and generous with one another. Whether or not you agree (and I do not), this deepest message explains for me why the cosmic tragedy of King Lear still speaks to us so powerfully. To include this page in a bibliography, you may use this format: Friedlander ER (2003) Enjoying King Lear by William Shakespeare Retrieved Dec. 25, 2003 from http://www.pathguy.com/kinglear.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the site itself is The Pathology Guy and the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is Ed Friedlander MD. Nahum Tate adapted King Lear so it would have a happy ending. Restoration themes (Love Conquors All, Virtue is Rewarded, etc.) From the same milieu that produced the corny William Dyce painting of Lear and on the exchange, his jester enjoying the countryside.
You can find it online here. Collection. Kent Richmond of Cal State (Long Beach) has prepared a version that replaces the archaic words with modern ones. Looks good; does not dumb the play down. King Lear -- Online Literature; text and some notes. No Fear -- text along with 21st-century English translation. Teri Bannerman -- literature site under construction. Cordelia -- did she stay behind in disguise as King Lear's jester? Ed says. Yes! Cordelia and the jester never appear onstage at the same time, and the jester disappears without explanation after act III; Other Shakespearean heroines disguise themselves as men, though only in the non-tragedies;
King Lear seems to identify the jester and Cordelia in the last scene (My poor fool is hanged!); Cordelia seems to remember the extreme severity of the storm, and would have saved her enemy's dog that night even if it had bit her (IV.vii) It's quite playable. Having Cordelia reveal herself at the end of III.vi. is an audience-pleaser. No! It is hard to explain Cordelia's choice of jokes, which run from the bitter to on the columbian, the off-color to very harsh criticism of the King, and it is hard to explain why Cordelia would want to hotel receptionist no experience, rub her beloved father's face in his own stupidity; Since my young lady's going into France, sir, the fool has much pined away. No more of on the exchange that, I have noted it. -- I.iv. The same boy-actor probably played both characters, accounting for their not appearing onstage together. Encyclopedia Brittanica.
It has been difficult for champions of Shakespeare's moral and religious orthodoxy to combat the play's great pessimism. Larry A. Persuasive On Why We Should Not Have. Brown -- Evangelical and professor of theater, has his thoughts and dbq essay exchange, the full texts of the quarto and folio versions. Watch King Lear on persuasive essay on why we should, video clips: Ian Holm -- Cordelia with Lear as he re-awakes. Kozintsev's Lear -- Lear after the storm among the dbq essay, homeless mentally-ill. Lawrence Olivier -- after the storm, with Gloucester. Puppet show -- very funny, abbreviated, modern language, produced by four clever young women. Antaeus Company -- the old loon hasn't looked so good in some time Belle Yang -- painting; Love and Be Silent
Shotgun Players -- King Lear with a warning that the plot has been changed. The commentary suggests that this is to promote the idea, popular for interior cover letter the last few decades in some intellectual circles, that people who seem to be good to others, or trying to be good to on the columbian exchange, others, are all phonies, and that only obviously selfish and cruel people are genuine. Comparing Poetry. I am glad I don't believe this. Before the Devil Knows You are Dead features a school performance of King Lear in which the dbq essay on the, anti-hero's daughter forgets the last line (The oldest hath borne most. We who are young will never see so much, nor live so long.) This proves prophetic, and comparing and contrasting essays, the movie asks some the same question as the play: Is it simply and obviously true, as one character says, that the world is an evil place? Megan Fox has a line from King Lear tattooed on on the columbian, her back. Korol Lir at Rotten Tomatoes. King Lear shows that great force of character is comparing essays, not necessarily wise, rude speech is not necessarily unkind, and madness is in some cases a perfectly reasonable response to intolerable conditions..
Christopher Plummer's King Lear is reviewed in the New York Times (you must join): The overall vision of the 'Lear' may be of dbq essay on the columbian a godless world. Christopher Plummer's King Lear. The King is Alive the Namibian desert. Edward Bond's Lear (1971) has little to do with Shakespeare's work and is probably the most violent play ever staged. Bond, a left-winger, claimed he wanted to change society for interior designer the better by portraying everyone and everything as sensely cruel. Audiences still left disgusted. The Madness of exchange King George -- mental illness strikes another king of England. Shakespeare's Sonnets. A remarkable sequence even by today's standards. The site author is, like me, committed to making Shakespeare available to hotel letter no experience, everybody, at no cost. Enjoy.
King Lear Parody by on the columbian exchange Richard Nathan. Brilliant. This essay is actually being offered for sale by at persuasive on why we should not have, least three different online sites for students who for whatever reason don't want to write their own papers. There has been no response to dbq essay, my protests. Teachers: Click here to interior designer letter, begin your search for online essays intended for would-be plagiarists. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service.
To the best of my knowledge, all the links on my literature pages are to dbq essay exchange, free sites. In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for a price in the low four figures. I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the domain and spare everybody from a lot of wasted time. It's a shame. This site will always remain free, to help everybody enjoy the works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much.
If any of the sites to which I have linked are asking students for their money, please let me know. Oedipus the King -- including something about the tragic hero business. If you are asked to write about Shakespeare's tragic heroes or their tragic flaw or whatever, help yourself to my skeptical notes on Aristotle. You may find it more rewarding to focus on something at once more obvious and fresh graduate interior cover letter, more profound. Dbq Essay Columbian Exchange. Shakespeare (unlike Sophocles) is writing about real-life, flesh-and-blood people (tragic flaws -- nobody always acts smart) who live in an imperfect world (tragic choices). In Shakespeare, our sympathies are usually divided among the characters. For this reason, Aristotle's thoughts on tragedy (i.e., people are imperfect) really seem more useful in discussing Shakespeare than in discussing Sophocles. In my pathology course and here, my advice is the same -- focus on the human beings, the real-life, individual situations.
(1) Look at and contrasting, the short story that provided the plot (click here. and on the exchange, notice how Shakespeare has portrayed racism as it really is in our world. Orwell. Ordinary decent folks (i.e., the Venetian government) care only who a person is and what that person can do. They consider Brabantio a jerk for accepting a person of another race as a friend but not as a son-in-law. Iago, who for whatever reason has a chip on dbq essay on the, his shoulder, spews racial venom for his own dark reasons. Desdemona is originally frightened by someone who looks different, but quickly learns to love that person so that race become indifferent.
(2) It is very common for special-forces operatives who return to civilian life and/or who try to sustain a marriage to have terrible difficulties. Those who are successful deserve our special admiration. Essay We Should Not Have Uniforms. Too many become terribly confused and end up in self-destructive behaviors, both loving and hating. It's one of our world's strangest ironies that romantic love is more treacherous and incomprehensible than war. I'm Ed. I'm an MD, a pathologist in Kansas City, a mainstream Christian. a modernist, a skydiver, an adventure gamer, the world's busiest free internet physician, and a man who still enjoys books and ideas. I hope you like King Lear , and that I've been of dbq essay on the columbian exchange some help.
Belief in God -- I do not share King Lear's dark vision, but I understand why others do. Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the hotel cover letter no experience, commas are supposed to dbq essay on the exchange, go inside the quotation marks and parentheses. This became standard to comparing and contrasting essays, protect fragile bits of movable type. On The Columbian. My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document. reset Jan. 30, 2005:
Teens: Stay away from drugs, work yourself extremely hard in class or at your trade, play sports if and only if you like it, and collection, get out of abusive relationships by any means. Dbq Essay On The. If the grown-ups who support you are difficult, act like you love them even if you're not sure that you do. It'll help you and them. The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people. Health and friendship. Visitors send me this question from time to time. If being a contemporary American means being focused on hotel, dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and war on drugs profiteering. then the answer is columbian, probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, Is human nature fundamentally kind or selfish? Do our luxuries make us more or less human?
If there is no God, do we still have a reason to love one another? -- then the answer is maybe that Shakespeare deals with basic human issues. A Thousand Acres. Click here to hotel receptionist cover letter no experience, see the author's friend, Dr. Ken Savage, do it right. Afterward: A year after setting up this page, I've had over 100,000 visitors and dbq essay columbian exchange, a few hundred thank you's. To be thanked, madam, is to orwell of essays, be overpaid. -- Kent.
A few correspondents are belligerent, telling me that I'm dogmatic, pretentious, and/or pathetic, but never attempting to explain why. As I've written elsewhere, If you have no case, shout 'hubris!' I'm very glad to be able to help so many other people enjoy Shakespeare. Health and friendship.
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A Guide to Writing A Pastoral Resume. A pastoral resume can be difficult to on the, write and ielts good writing, develop. Churches often receive dozens of resumes in their pastoral search process, and finding the dbq essay on the columbian exchange right candidate is a rigorous process. Library! There are several important steps to follow as you prepare for dbq essay, writing a pastoral resume. First, you must remember that a ministry resume is a very different document than a secular resume. Pastoral resumes often include personal information, such as marital and essays everyman's, family status, date of birth, personal philosophies, and even a family picture. You cannot approach writing a pastoral resume in the same fashion you would a secular resume, because a pastoral resume is structured and developed different from dbq essay exchange a traditional resume. Because of this structure and the details involved in writing a pastoral resume, it is often longer than a traditional resume. On the first page you should include the most pertinent and core information – the top of the first page should clearly state your name, and if you have an advanced degree, add your credentials behind your name. Many ministry and pastoral resumes feature a professional headshot, typically placed at the top right of the page.
Paul’s first letter to Timothy includes the pastor’s family in the description of the pastor’s qualifications, and comparing poetry essays, as our culture includes the pastor’s wife as a representation of the ministry position, pastoral resumes often feature a family picture. Including a family picture also personalizes your resume. Below your name you should indicate you contact information and biographical information. A significant difference between a secular resume and a ministry resume is the inclusion of on the columbian, personal details. Comparing Essays! Some of these details include marital status, family details, date of columbian exchange, birth, and even how long you have been married. Especially from fresh graduate interior designer cover letter a secular point of view, and living in a very politically correct society, these details may seem inappropriate or irrelevant, but Scripture has very specific requirements for pastors; including physical maturity, spiritual maturity, and dbq essay columbian exchange, leadership in his marriage and parenting. Next, although optional, many pastoral resumes include a personal statement, consisting of interior cover letter, ministry objectives, ambitions, or a short summary of your ministry accomplishments. On The Columbian! This should be succinct and set you apart as the candidate for the position.
The second section in orwell essays everyman's, writing a pastoral resume is your educational information. You should clearly indicate both your degree and the institution you received your degree at. On The! Especially in collection, ministry positions, your educational institution will certainly affect your potential hiring as it reflects the dbq essay columbian quality of your theological training. Education also impacts your doctrinal positions and teaching within the church you are hired at. You should list your most recent degree earned first, which is typically your highest degree. The third section when writing a pastoral resume should be your ministry experience. In the case of someone beginning in ministry, list any ministry experience, including volunteer ministries and academic internships. Orwell Of Essays! For pastors or ministers without significant of lengthy ministry experience, or who have worked bi-vocationally, it may be important to list experience in dbq essay columbian, the secular field as well, always listing the most recent employment first.
Human Resource professionals tend to recommend that in describing your ministry responsibilities, you place the focus on accomplishments and activities, rather than job elements or responsibilities . This informs the poetry essays reader not only columbian exchange of what your responsibilities are, but also of the results of your ministries. Although you want to balance humility with describing your accomplishments, your resume is where you showcase your skills and talents. The fourth section of your pastoral resume is where all semblance of and contrasting essays, a traditional resume disappears. Your ministry philosophy is on the columbian exchange, often attached separately, or included on hotel cover no experience a separate page. Ministry philosophies are typically broken down into several sections, such as: Conversion and Call to Ministry. Philosophy of on the, Preaching and Teaching. Philosophy of Leadership.
Philosophy of Counseling. Not Have School! Each of dbq essay, your philosophies should be succinct, yet detailed, and if appropriate, should include Scriptural references. These are all important sections, are churches want to know, and frankly have a right to know, how you will teach, lead, and counsel. Be sure to personalize these statements. Finally, your pastoral resume should include your doctrinal positions. You may list that your doctrinal positions align with a published doctrinal statement within the denomination you are applying within, but a pastoral resume should always include a description of your doctrinal positions: churches want to know what you personally believe and fresh graduate designer cover, will teach in their church. Do not make the mistake of trusting another’s references. Only list Scripture references you have personally researched and agree with in their application. Dbq Essay Exchange! There are a few more details that are important not to overlook when writing a pastoral resume. Often times, search committees and churches may dismiss a resume due to of essays, a lack of details or information. You resume should reflect not only your professional and ministry accomplishments, but also your personality.
If you print off your resume to send it to a church, staple your resume or paperclip the document. This is an easy step to on the, ensure that the ielts good writing essays pages are not separated. An important tip to consider is to insert your first and columbian exchange, last name, as well as page numbers, in receptionist no experience, the footer of your resume, in case the pages of on the columbian exchange, your resume are separated. Essay School! Do not use graphics, pictures, or excessive colors in your resume. Your formatting should be simple and on the columbian exchange, elegant, subtle and not obtrusive. Consider using heavier paper or paper designed for resumes. A contemporary trend is to make references available upon request. These may be included on a separate sheet; this reduces clutter on your resume and separates them somewhat from the rest of your resume. Your references should be relevant; pastors or ministry leaders you have served under, seminary professors you have studied with, or other ministry related references.
If at hotel receptionist cover letter no experience all possible, your references should not be family members or close friends. Be sure to ask your reference if they can be listed as a reliable reference before including them on your list, and ask them directly if they can give you a positive reference. Finally, consider including a cover letter with your ministry or pastoral resume. A cover letter is an excellent opportunity to explain some of on the columbian, your qualifications, skills, talents, and experience, in a less formal manner than in orwell of essays, your resume. Your cover letter should be written well and signed personally.
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essay on dbq essay on the columbian exchange atheism NEW Buy Assignment Online and Get Instant 10% Discount + 20% Cashback . BOOK NOW. Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now! GET BEST GRADE, ORDER NOW. 186 Downloads | 24 Pages 5,756 Words. So, why did the world’s most prominent atheist Anthony Flew (1923-2010) come to change his mind after 40 years of philosophical engagement with issues surrounding belief, perception, knowledge, and meaning ? You could read through the collection of essays, (eminently accessible) book he wrote with Roy Varghese, Why There Is a God (New York: Harper One, 2007), distil from columbian exchange, it the main reasons for his “conversion”, and hotel receptionist cover letter, spell out in greater detail just what it entailed. Antony Garrard Newton Flew, was born in the year 1923 was a celebrated English philosopher. Dbq Essay! Antony was a strong atheist and possessed an analytic and evidentialist thought regarding life and the existence of God.
Antony Flew was never ready to believe in the God or the presence of superpower until he gets empirical evidence about the existence of God in interior designer cover the universe (Blackford, SchuÌklenk, 2013). His belief on the non-existence of God was so strong that it was from the age of 15 that he started believing that there is no God. Columbian Exchange! Antony Flew was against the idea of existence of life after the death of human beings. In his entire lifetime, he only believed in fresh graduate interior designer evidence and finally in the year 2004, he started believing in the Aristotelian God. While he started believing in the Aristotelian God, he stated that it is his lifelong motto to follow where the evidence leads and finally when he got the evidence of the existence of God, he is ready to believe in the presence of the superpower (Curran, 2012). The highlighting work in the lifetime of dbq essay Antony Flew was the book, ‘There is a God: How the World's Most Notorious Atheist Changed His Mind’ which Antony Flew has written along with Roy Abraham Varghese (Crawley, 2015). However, the book was made a subject of controversy when an article claiming that Antony Flew mentally declined that was published in the New York Times magazine. The article also claimed that the book was mainly a work of Varghese.
However, Antony Flew denied the allegations by the article. Flew stated that the ideas presented in the book belonged to orwell essays everyman's flew himself but due to the old age, it was Varghese who did the columbian exchange, most of the writing part in the book (DeWitt, Brown, 2013). Some of the distinct works by on why we should not have school uniforms Antony Flew other than the exchange, book with Roy Abraham Varghese are (Goodreads.com, 2015): • How to Think Straight: An Introduction to Critical Reasoning. • A Dictionary of Philosophy. • An Introduction to Western Philosophy. • Thinking about Social Thinking. • New Essays In Philosophical Theology. • Body, Mind, and Death.
• Essays On Logic And Language. • Hume: Philosopher of receptionist letter no experience Moral Science. • Hume's Philosophy of Belief: A Study of His First Inquiry. • Merely Mortal?: Can You Survive Your Own Death? • What Universal Natural Rights? Antony Flew was a strong atheist from the age of fifteen. In addition to this, Flew had a tendency of believing something, which has a strong evidence to support the claim. Dbq Essay! Hence, Flew as an atheist, he could not believe in God as, he could not find any strong evidence that will support the presence of God . This characteristic of Flew of being a strong atheist gave rise to many controversies. Comparing! While Flew was in Oxford, he was the part of the Socratic club, which was the main place of debate between the Christians and the atheists.
The president of the Socratic club was C.S Lewis. Dbq Essay Columbian Exchange! Flew in the club presented a paper with the title, ‘Theology of Falsification’, which argued there are many statements on the theory regarding the existence of god (Flew, 2000). However, when someone gives a deeper look into those theories, it can be seen that those theories are mainly empty. Fresh Cover! Flew quoted while presenting his Theology of Falsification, ‘I was not saying that statements of religious belief were meaningless. I simply challenged religious believers to on the explain how their statements are to be understood, especially in the light of conflicting data’ (p. 45) (Goodreads.com, 2015).
The Theology of Falsification, which was presented in the year 1950, was the centre of argument even years after it was published. After Theology of Falsification, the next atheist work of Flew was ‘God and Philosophy’. And Contrasting Essays! In God and dbq essay on the columbian exchange, Philosophy, Flew attempted to evaluate the Christian belief on theism. Flew sported atheism in the book by saying, ‘the design, cosmological, and moral arguments for God’s existence are invalid’ (p. 49).
He later argued that one should first define the concept of god before believing in the existence of god in the universe (Fradd, 2015). It was in the ear 1971, that Antony Flew published the book, the ‘Presumption of Atheism’, which is considered to be the final book of Flew on the concept of good atheism (Flew, 1976). According to columbian exchange the book, the atheists hold a more rational position in the argument between atheism and theism. The atheists hold a much position by questioning the existence of God in the universe and fresh letter, it is the theists, who bear the burden of proving that God exists in the society. Alvin Plantinga who was a critical logician criticized the book (Williams, 2005). According to him, the belief in god is ‘properly basic’ for all human beings. Dbq Essay Columbian! As a reply to this criticism, Flew further clarified that that the idea of atheism is a starting point of argument and not the conclusion of the argument (Williams, 2005). Ielts Good! By keeping atheism the base, people should start finding evidence of the existence of God, which will finally lead to on the columbian the acceptance of God by human being. If a deeper thought is given to this clarification, it can be said that Antony Flew was not a non-believer of God, neither he was rigid on his non-belief. He just a wanted a proof of existence of God. When he will get an evidence of the presence of God, he will start believing on collection the existence of god.
Antony flew believed that everything that is happening in the universe should be understood in dbq essay columbian exchange the terms of laws of nature. Flew states that, when on one hand, the ielts good writing, theists’ fundamental assumption is the presence of exchange god in interior designer cover the universe, on on the columbian the other hand, flew presumed the and contrasting, universe the fundamental assumption (Frede, 2011). Flew’s belief was strongly presented in the book, Philosophy of religion a guide and anthology by Brian Davies (Davies, 1993). Dbq Essay On The Columbian Exchange! In the book of by Brian Davies, the parable by Antony flew as he mentions in Theology of fresh graduate interior designer cover Falsification gets a special mention . Antony Flew’s disbelieve in on the God was strongly felt in the work, Theology and Falsification. In the theology of falsification, refers the work of John Wisdom where he argues upon the presence of God by giving the example of a garden. Two men one is a sceptic does not believe that there can be gardener, while another man who believed in the presence of god. To feel the presence of gardener, the two men set up a barbed wire with electric current in the wire and fresh interior cover, keep a bloodhound. Dbq Essay On The! However, there was no disturbance. The person who believed that there is God, states that the gardener was someone who is invisible, cannot be torched, without any scent and insensible to any electric shock or pain. However, the non-believer was not ready to believe on the presence of the gardener until he gets an evidence of the gardener who will be coming for the gardening.
Flew’s mentioning this incident was a huge example that he was a non-believer of god. In addition to hotel receptionist cover letter this, it can also be seen that Flew was a ardent believer of evidence. He mentions this parable to make the readers understand that evidence the best way to prove that there is God who is the on the columbian, creator of everything in and contrasting the universe (Gravil, 2011). After spending his life as an atheist, at the end of his life, Antony Flew started believing that there is the presence of God in the universe. Dbq Essay Exchange! The change in the belief came in the year 2004, just six years before when he died in the year 2010. Some critics say that at the end of life, the mental condition of Antony Flew declined and hence, he wrote the book, ‘There is a God’ the ending years of his life peacefully. The book, ‘ There is a God: How the World's Most Notorious Atheist Changed His Mind’ was written along with the co-author Abrahams Varghese (Flew Varghese, 2004). Many people criticize Antony Flew by saying that Varghese wrote the book but Antony Flew nullifies all those criticisms. Antony flew opened up in an interview with Dr. Benjamin Wiker.
Antony Flew stated that there are two factors, which triggered the change in his mind (Wiker, 2015). The first factor is the growing empathy of Flew with the insight of some notable scientists, which includes Einstein. Flew understood that there should be an intelligence behind the complexity of the physical universe. Comparing Poetry! The second factor was the insight of Antony Flew himself. According to Flew, the complexity of human life is even more complicated than the physics of the universe. Hence, it made him to think that there should be one source of energy, which is controlling the physics of human life as well as the physics of the universe (Collins, 2015). Flew further continued that the human life cannot be explained through simple biology. There should be something more to on the columbian this, the human life, which the genetic code must not be able to identify. Flew further discovered that the difference between life and non-life has something to do with more than biology.
The force that controls the time between life and non-life is not chemical but ontological (Collins, 2015). Flew even answered the critics who criticized his decision regarding changing to a theist from an atheist by saying that it is not that he heard a voice, but he followed the evidence and it lead him to theism. Wiker’s next question was about the book by Flew, ‘Presumption of and contrasting essays Atheism’. On The! Flew has argued that atheism is the starting point from where the argument should start reading the persuasive on why we should school uniforms, existence of dbq essay god in this universe (Wiker, 2015). Orwell Collection Of Essays! However, now that flew has changed his views existence of the God, then the burden of proof will also be on Flew now, to this Flew replied that many philosophers also believe that the burden of proof is on the atheists. He further added that the he has mentioned in dbq essay exchange the book that a central and poetry essays, stronger force controls the origin of the laws of the nature and the physics of life. The burden of dbq essay columbian exchange proof is neither on the theists or the atheist but in those people who do not believe that the there is a central force in persuasive essay not have school uniforms the universe who control the on the columbian, forces in the universe (Herzman, 2013). Wiker also asked Flew regarding the scientific approach that the author has used to draw the evidence, which led him to the inference that there is an existence in god. Flew answered the inference that he had drawn from the approach was philosophical in nature. The scientists being steeped into science will not be able to draw philosophical inference. The philosophers draw empirical evidence from a philosophical matter (Wiker, 2015).
Wiker questioned Flew regarding the works of the Richard Dawkins and fresh graduate designer, Christopher Hitchens who believe that those who follow God are behind times. To the question, Flew again referred to philosophical implications. He calls Dawkins dishonest because Dawkins is trying to infer a philosophical implication by applying scientific perspective. In addition to this, two famous philosophers, Thomas Nagel and Anthony Kenny have also pointed pot that the Dawkins has failed to refer three major issues related to the existence of God (Wiker, 2015). Dawkins support the issues, but those are the same issues, which led Flew to believe that there is God in this universe. On The! The three major issues are life with its teleological organization, the hotel receptionist letter no experience, existence of the universe and the laws of nature. These three major issues support the fact that there is on the, a central power that controls the living beings and forces of the nature (Holden, 2012). The change in mind of flew is the result of this major issues which is hotel receptionist no experience, identified in the chapters. Thus, a man, who used to be a string atheist gradually turned into a theist in the ending years of his life. The book, There is a God is the greatest example of his turning point in life.
The interview with Wiker is the clear indication that Flew was ready to face any kind of criticism and he was ready with the answers. Flew entirely believes in science and according to him, science is the only truth which led him to believe that there is a presence of God in on the the universe (Kazan, 2010). The fine-tuning argument mainly leads to the pointer of God. The fine-tuning argument presents how the physical constant of the nature and the beginning of the universe beautifully converge to a common point that there is one creator of all the orwell essays everyman's, activities in the universe (BioLogos, 2011). It seems that the physical constant of nature like the gravity and the density of the on the columbian, universe is created at one point of time and gave rise to life in the universe. A slight variation in the theories or the density would have resulted in orwell everyman's library a great distortion in nature (Logicmuseum.com, 2015). However, as it did not happen hence, the fine-tuning argument proves that there is tuning between the scientific theories and the beginning of the universe which is done by a single creator in the universe (Hudson, Diego, Wigelsworth, 2014).
While talking about the existence in god in the book, There Is a God, Antony Flew presented the fine-tuning argument. Antony Flew explained the presence of God by comparing the life of a man being with a hotel room. He asked readers to imagine that a person has entered a hotel room. In the room, the person finds everything according to the choice of the person. Columbian Exchange! The room is school, decorated according to the choice of the individual, there is music playing which the person likes, the bar possess the drinks that the person likes with the favourite candies and on the, cookies. In fact, the mineral water bottle is according o the choice of the person. Collection! The person will become overwhelmed by dbq essay columbian exchange the idea. Gradually, the person will start thinking that the hotel managers and the officials had an idea about the choice of the person and they had decorated according to the choice of the person. The person will further think at the hotel officials might charge extra for the decorations and the individual will start calculating the cost that he/she has to pay to the hotel (Rachels, 2015). While the interior cover letter, person is thinking about the concrete part of the arrangement, the on the columbian exchange, individual at some point of time might think that someone is there who knew all about the choices and designer, has informed the people who in turn has arranged the things (Joshi, 2011).
The person might not be able to explain who that person is but might have a feeling of a presence of an invisible person who has a prior idea about the choices of the dbq essay columbian, person (Rachels, 2015). Antony Flew was attracted to the fine-tuning after he was influenced by the intelligent debate, which was initiated by Michael in the book, Darwin’s black box: the and contrasting essays, biochemical calling to evolution. Antony Flew was also interested in William Dembski’s book the Design Inference: eliminating chance through small probabilities. When on one hand, the fine-tuning argument support the scientific theories and the beginning of the universe to prove the existence of god, on the other hand, cosmological argument says that the existence of the universe and the world is itself the biggest example of the existence of God. The simple cosmological argument states the following facts (Christianteaching.org.uk, 2015): Everything that exists in the inverse must have a cause behind the existence of all the things.
As the universe exists, this is a fact, hence: The universe will also have a cause why it is existing He only cause that is behind the cause of the dbq essay columbian exchange, existence of the universe and the only persuasive we should not have cause of existence is god Thus, god also exists. However, Antony Flew when he was an atheist rejected the cosmological argument as the argument fails to provide a strong of on the exchange evidence to support the fact. A question that comes up with the cosmological argument is what is the cause of existence of god? If everything has a cause of existence, then God should also have a case of existence (Deem, 2015). As God is the cause of existence of the universe then when there is no cause of existence of God then the universe should also not exist.
However, some of the philosophers might argue that God is an uncaused thing. Orwell Everyman's! Even if the argument is agreed then also it gives rise certain other arguments. The entire cosmological argument, which is based in columbian the cause of existence, becomes false (Goodreads.com, 2015). In addition to this, the philosophers who support the cosmological argument will have nothing to prove further to evolve the and contrasting poetry, cosmological argument as the base if the argument is dbq essay on the columbian exchange, false (Kaku, Cohen, 2012). Thus, the essay we should, cosmological argument takes the path to dbq essay nowhere. Antony Flew who was an ardent follower of evidence could not follow the graduate interior designer letter, cosmological argument of existence of God. On the other hand, he was ready to accept the fine-tuning argument as the presence of god is explained through scientific theories and the beginning of the universe (Deem, 2015). Thus, it can be said that the perspective of columbian exchange Antony Flew is based in pure science and evidence. Flew very intelligently made out the difference between the fine-tuning argument and the cosmological argument.
Moreover, the constant stress on the fine-tuning argument is another proof that the path of atheism to theism for Antony Flew is entirely based on we should not have evidence. The argument of first cause can be an on the extended form of the cosmological argument that its god who created everything in writing the universe. God is the one who created the universe and the life in the universe. Dbq Essay On The Columbian Exchange! God is the one who has been the creator of every single being in this earth as well as other planets in the universe and the life on the planets. The fist cause argument keeps god as the cause and writing, then develops further theories on this cause (Leech, 2013).
However, the atheists argue the dbq essay on the columbian exchange, theory by saying that what is the cause of God when there should be cause behind everything (Luehrmann, 2011). However, the scientists are then challenged by the big bang theory, which is taken to be the birth of the universe by many scientists. When the good writing, big bang theory is further examined, it can be seen that at one pint of time, the big bang theory fails to prove nay law that proves that big bang theory is the ultimate cause of the birth of the universe. Thus, the problem between the atheism and theism will keep on going, and dbq essay, it will impossible to reach a decision regarding the birth of the fresh interior designer cover letter, universe and the existence of God. When on one hand, the dbq essay exchange, theists believe that God is creator, the essays, atheists will prove them wrong and columbian, vice versa (McCormick, 2012). This can be the on why we should not have, main reason why Antony Flew lived the life of both a theist and an atheist. Though he says that he has found a proper reason and evidence of the dbq essay columbian, presence of god, yet he was unable to prove with evidence. However, it is also true that there is a fine-tuning that the birth of the universe took place at the correct time and the correct place. The human being came in the earth at the right point of time. Hence, one cannot entirely overlook this theory by Antony Flew. However, it is not possible to receptionist cover no experience know nothing more about the first cause as the argument will be ever ending.
The argument starts from on the columbian, a point where God is taken to good be the creator of everything in the universe; however, the dbq essay columbian, philosophers are not able to prove the argument, as there is no cause of the existence of God (Meynell, 2011). Richard Dawkins is a biologist from Oxford who believed in pure science. Comparing Poetry! According to Dawkins, believing in columbian God is like believing a teapot revolving around Mars (Dawkins, 2006). It is the human nature to develop a sense of gratitude towards a being and they believe in thanks giving. Hence, human beings searched for giving thanks to someone for good writing the good things in life and when they found nobody, they created the figure of god and religion to give thanks to. He applied pure science to everything happens in the universe. On The Exchange! Dawkins said that the stars are made not due to accident but they are important parts of the not have, universe, which keeps the ability to make us (Collins, 2015). However, it was nit the job of the stars to dbq essay columbian make us.
According to Dawkins words in the Ancestor’s Tale- a pilgrimage to essays library the dawn of evolution, “It is just that without stars there would be no atoms heavier than lithium in the periodic table” (Dawkins, 2006). Once in a speech that Dawkins delivered in columbian exchange an auditorium at Christchurch, New Zealand he said it is just luck, that the ielts, human beings are in the earth. Every creature exists in the universe due a list of chances or luck that might have happened. Dbq Essay On The Exchange! The evolution of mankind and all other creatures in the earth is ‘pure luck’. There is no other truth beyond this luck or chance. Writing! (Kazan, 2010) Dawkins also believes that just as life has developed in the earth, similarly by stroke of dbq essay on the columbian exchange luck, life must have developed in some planets in the universe. Dawkins has explained himself as religious non-believer. In addition to this, he is an ardent follower of Darwin and believes in origin of species(Kazan, 2010).
The species and creatures have developed due to the laws of science that is acting around us. It is because the hotel receptionist cover, planet revolves and rotates due to the cyclic law of gravity, there is birth of creature as well as end (Palmer, 2013). Antony Flew also believed in evidence to reach a proper conclusion. As an atheist, he has a thought quite similar to Robert Dawkins. He was not ready to believe that there is a superpower that should be prayed.
Every end and beginning has proper science. However, as a theist, he believed there is one invisible being that is columbian, controlling the activities (BioLogos, 2011). However, after he became theist, he claimed that he has a got the evidence that he was searching for and was sure that there is a science that has given birth to persuasive essay we should uniforms the universe. To be accurate, he related science with God and eventually started believing in god. Dbq Essay! It was from the later point of time that his thoughts might not have matched with Dawkins (Shenvi, 2015). However, the idea that everything has evidence always matched with the thought of Dawkins. The life of Antony Flew took an about turn in the year 2004. Persuasive Essay Not Have! A strong believer of atheism started believing in god.
A being, which he used to believe, does not exist started believing that being to be the creator of the universe. The sudden change gave rise to various criticisms. Through an exchange article published by Richard Carrier it was understood how flew started believing in religion (Carrier, 2015). No Experience! However, his take on religion was questionable. According to Richard flew is confused about on the columbian his take in religion as flew has not yet decided that what he believes in.
When one on hand, Flew says that he is not a Christian not does he believe in any kind of religion (Collins, 2015). In addition to this, he also does not believe in afterlife as mentioned in ‘Merely Mortal: can you survive your own death’, on the other hand, he believes there is a presence of almighty in the universe that is controlling the poetry, life in the universe (Carrier, 2015). According to Flew, he believes in the religion of Aristotelian metaphysics. He believes in gods who is more like an Aristotelian god. Flew believed in a God is present at a distance from the human beings and an impersonal prime mover (Power, 2012). According to Carrier, the dbq essay on the columbian exchange, existence in and contrasting poetry God is a hypothesis for him. He is experimenting about the existence of dbq essay on the columbian exchange god and once he is done with the experiment, he will be able to give his final thoughts regarding the presence of God in everyman's the universe.ths, the God according to Antony Flew, is columbian exchange, like science. Similarly, as the scientists who are experiments with different scientific element and after the experiments are done, the orwell collection, scientists are able to reach a decision. Flew also experimented with God as the prime force and then he tried to position all his assumption and depending on that, Flew drew a conclusion that there is a being called God who is capable of creating the dbq essay on the columbian exchange, universe and is responsible for all the happenings all around the world (Deem, 2015). Thus, he does not worship God in the church nor does he follow an religion like the Christians but he sees God as a pure form of science whose presence can be proved going back to the birth of the universe.
As flew was not ready to comparing poetry essays submit to any kind of dbq essay on the religion to prove his belief in god, similarly, he did not believe in letter worship. However, he believed that whenever a person is commenting on an issue or an existence, then the person should be moral in the approach (Silversides, 2012). If one of the on the, people is orwell of essays, trying to on the exchange prove a point then the person should not adopt an immoral way of proving the point. In fact, Flew himself followed the path of good writing morality. His actions suggested hi attitude. On The Exchange! Though he believed in God in the later years if his life but he never promoted any religion as he said that he believes in god as a form of science. In addition to this, the theme of morality extends to the presence God as well.
Flew suggested that the presence of God is the justification of morality in the society. Fresh Graduate Interior Designer Cover Letter! Antony Flew even went ahead of mentioning C.S Lewis of the dbq essay on the columbian exchange, Socratic club where Lewis used to teach about cover letter morality and God (BioLogos, 2011). Flew could not relate to the morality as taught by on the Lewis. According to Lewis, half of the persuasive essay school uniforms, shelves in the university library were full of books written by dbq essay exchange Lewis. When a person is teaching about morality then he should be able to refer other authors who have talked about the meaning of morality (Aikin, Talisse, 2011).
It is then that the work of the teacher will be well appreciated by other authors and his teachings will gain a true meaning. Flew refers to the Aristotelian god whenever he was questioned about his belief in orwell collection God. Flew believe in a God who has the power to create the universe as well as possess the intelligence to create the living beings at the correct time and at the correct place (Rachels, 2015). Dbq Essay On The Columbian! After becoming an atheist, the of essays, God is much more stringer to flew than he was ever before. However, later in dbq essay on the his life when he became a theist, he even started believing in the cosmological argument. This turning point also gives rise to we should not have the question of argument. The cosmological argument fails to find a cause of the existence of God. Thus, this move of Antony Flew cannot be supported because he supported an augment, which is not proven scientifically. Much has been written about the concept of atheism and the theism. Thus, it can be concluded that the conflict between the atheist and on the, the theist will never end . One of the most famous names among the conflict between atheism and the theism is and contrasting essays, Antony Flew. The most interesting thing about dbq essay exchange Antony Flew is of essays, that from being a strong atheist he went on dbq essay on the exchange being one of the orwell, strongest believer of theism.
The essay has thrown light on the journey of Anton Flew from a celebrated atheist to being a theist. On The Exchange! As a result, many arguments have been cited in the essay to support as well as question the change of mind of Antony Flew (Habermas, 2004). Throughout his life, Antony Flew only believed in evidence. As an atheist, he was not ready to believe in God, as he was not able to find any evidence that will support the existence of God. As a theist as well, he said that it is the science and the laws of nature that made him believe there is a superpower that is controlling the comparing poetry essays, universe. On The Exchange! He was an ardent supporter of the hotel receptionist letter, fine-tuning argument as it says that the dbq essay columbian, creation of the universe and the birth of the human being at the correct time indicate that there is a superpower who is responsible for the happenings around the universe (Watkin, 2011). Though much criticism has been done regarding the change in mind of Antony Flew, yet both the perspective of Antony Flew cannot be overlooked. On Why! As an exchange atheist, he made a strong point that people should be able to present evidence about the persuasive essay on why not have, presence of God in the universe. His argument that the concept of atheism should be the base of the discussion regarding the presence of God in the universe is strong. Based on the disbelief in God, the theists can present the argument that there is the presence of God in the universe (Logicmuseum.com, 2015).
As a theist as well, his idea cannot be overlooked. Flew’s point of view that there is a superpower who is controlling the laws of nature and the beginning of the universe has a strong base. However, Antony Flew was unable to give any proof regarding the presence of dbq essay columbian exchange God in the universe. He said that he followed evidence to reach the final decision that there is a God, but he was not able to uniforms give any prove to the readers regarding the presence of God in the universe. Hence, his sudden change of mind regarding his belief keeps space for question regarding morality. Aikin, S., Talisse, R. (2011). Reasonable atheism. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books. BioLogos,. (2011).
What is the fine-tuning of the universe, and how does it serve as a pointer to God?. On The! Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://biologos.org/common-questions/gods-relationship-to-creation/fine-tuning. Blackford, R., SchuÌˆklenk, U. (2013). 50 great myths about atheism. Hoboken: John Wiley. Carrier, R. (2015). Secular Web Kiosk: Antony Flew Considers God. Orwell Essays Everyman's! Sort Of. Infidels.org.
Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://infidels.org/kiosk/article/antony-flew-considers-godsort-of-369.html. Christianteaching.org.uk,. On The Columbian! (2015). Fresh! Atheist Philosopher Antony Flew Embraces Belief in God - Christian Teaching Resources. Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://www.christianteaching.org.uk/antonyflewembracesgod.html. Collins, H. (2015). Review There is dbq essay on the columbian exchange, a God by Antony Flew - creation.com. Creation.com. Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://creation.com/review-there-is-a-god-by-antony-flew. Crawley, W. (2015).
Will and Testament. Retrieved from https://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/ni/2010/04/antony_flew_the_atheist_who_ch.html. Curran, M. (2012). Atheism, religion and enlightenment in pre-revolutionary Europe. Woodbridge, Suffolk, UK: Royal Historical Society. Davies, B. (1993). An introduction to the philosophy of religion. Oxford [England]: Oxford University Press. Dawkins, R. (2006). The God delusion.
Deem, R. On Why We Should Uniforms! (2015). Quotes from dbq essay on the, Scientists Regarding Design of the Universe. Godandscience.org. Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://www.godandscience.org/apologetics/quotes.html. DeWitt, J., Brown, E. Orwell Of Essays! (2013). Hope after faith. Boston, MA: Da Capo Press. Flew, A. (1976). The presumption of dbq essay exchange atheism and other philosophical essays on God, freedom, and immortality.
New York: Barnes Noble. Flew, A. (2000). Theology and everyman's library, falsification. Philosophy Now, 29, 28-29. Flew, A., Varghese, R. (2004). There is a god (1st ed.). On The Columbian Exchange! Retrieved from https://islamicblessings.com/upload/There-is-a-God.pdf.
Fradd, M. (2015). 20 answers. Ielts Good! [S.l.]: Catholic Truth Society. Frede, V. Dbq Essay Exchange! (2011). Doubt, atheism, and the nineteenth-century Russian intelligentsia. Madison, Wis.: University of Wisconsin Press. Goodreads.com,. (2015). Antony Flew Quotes (Author of There Is a God).
Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/143385.Antony_Flew. Goodreads.com,. (2015). Books by Antony Flew (Author of There Is a God). Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://www.goodreads.com/author/list/143385.Antony_Flew. Gravil, R. (2011). Grasmere 2011. Penrith, CA: Humanities-Ebooks. Habermas, G. (2004). My Pilgrimage from Atheism to Theism: A Discussion between Antony Flew and Gary Habermas (1st ed.). Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.liberty.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1336context=lts_fac_pubs.
Herzman, A. (2013). The Concept of Atheism. Cork: BookBaby. Holden, T. (2012). Spectres of false divinity. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press. Hudson, W., Diego, L., Wigelsworth, J. (2014). Atheism and deism revalued. Collection! Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing Ltd. Joshi, S. Dbq Essay On The Columbian! (2011). The unbelievers.
Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books. Kaku, M., Cohen, J. (2012). The best American science writing, 2012. New York: Ecco Press. Kazan, C. Letter No Experience! (2010). Richard Dawkins: The Stroke of Luck that Led to dbq essay on the exchange Life on Earth Exists Elsewhere in the Universe (Weekend Feature).
Dailygalaxy.com. Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2010/03/ricard-dawkins-the-stroke-of-luck-that-led-to-life-on-earth-exists-elsewhere-in-the-universe-weekend.html. Leech, D. (2013). The hammer of the Cartesians. Leuven: Peeters. Logicmuseum.com,. (2015). Aristotle on the existence of God. Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://www.logicmuseum.com/ontological/aristotleontological.htm.
Luehrmann, S. Comparing And Contrasting Poetry! (2011). Secularism Soviet style. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. McCormick, M. (2012). Atheism and the case against Christ. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books. Meynell, H. (2011). The epistemological argument against atheism. Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen Press. Palmer, M. (2013).
Atheism for beginners. Cambridge: Lutterworth Press. Power, M. (2012). Adieu to God. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell. Rachels, J. (2015). Does Morality Depend on Religion. Faculty.uca.edu. Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://faculty.uca.edu/rnovy/Rachels%20--%20Does%20Morality%20Depend%20on%20Religion.htm. Shenvi, N. (2015).
A Brief Response to the God Delusion by Richard Dawkins. Shenvi.org. Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://www.shenvi.org/Essays/DawkinsResponse.htm. Silversides, M. (2012). Faith in the age of science. Durham: Sacristy Press. Watkin, C. (2011). Difficult atheism.
Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Wiker, D. (2015). On The! How the World’s Most Notorious Atheist Changed His Mind. Strange Notions. Retrieved 29 December 2015, from orwell everyman's library, https://www.strangenotions.com/flew/ Williams, P. (2005). A Change of Mind for Antony Flew. bethinking.org. Retrieved 29 December 2015, from https://www.bethinking.org/does-god-exist/a-change-of-mind-for-antony-flew. MyAssignmenthelp.com provides guaranteed satisfaction with a commitment to complete the dbq essay on the columbian, work within time. Interior Designer! Combined with our meticulous work ethics and extensive domain experience, MyAssignmenthelp.com is the ideal partner for all your homework/assignment needs.
We pledge to provide 24*7 support to dissolve all your academic doubts. We are composed of 3000+ esteemed experts who have been empanelled after extensive research and quality check. MyAssignmenthelp.com provides undivided attention to dbq essay each assignment order with a methodical approach to solution. Our network span is not restricted toUS, UK and Australia rather extends to countries like Singapore, Canada and UAE. Our assignment help services include thesis help, case study help, homework help, coursework help, MBA help and Programming help. Orwell Essays Everyman's Library! Get your work done at the best price in industry. Please enter a valid email address to download a sample you request.
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essay of dbq essay on the columbian, forcing In the forum on this page you can see IELTS essays by people just like you. Essays! Hundreds of dbq essay on the, people added essays and comments and fresh interior designer, helped each other to get a great IELTS essay score! Have a look at their amazing writing! Please note: This forum is on the, closed! Sorry!
However, please enjoy the hundreds of essays and thousands of comments still available here. A HUGE thanks to ielts essays, all the writers who commented and to all the visitors. We hope we've made IELTS writing less scary. Click the columbian, links below to see essays on that topic. Many museums charge people for admission while others are free. Do you think the advantages of charging people for admission to museum outweigh the disadvantages? Every country has their own museums to inherit culture and history. Some museums are not free to visitors while others are not. I think the rationality behind this phenomenon depends on specific situation. In my personal opinion, there are three main factors with decisive influence on this issue.
First, the value of museums themselves and collections therein are main elements deciding free or payment for entry of the museums. If a museum lies in fresh graduate designer a high position in a country’s cultural hierarchy, charge can bring better effects than free. Even though government grant exists, the fee revenue can be invested to use more advanced technology to dbq essay exchange, protect collections or provide more people with more convenient and comfortable way to ielts, appreciate human’s culture. For example, virtual museum can be put up which can attract visitors around the world instead of dbq essay on the columbian exchange, some countries. Secondly, in orwell collection of essays some non developed countries with valuable museums and collections can not obtain sufficient government’s subsidies. So, entry fee is an on the, important way for their operation.
Only existence, can collections be protected. Ielts Good Essays! In these overpopulated countries fee is also used as a means to control the number of visitors every day, which is important to protect museums’ building and structures. The third is closely linked with second one. People living in non developed countries may be deterred outside of a museum’s entrance due to high ticket fee. This is against the spreading of on the exchange, a country’s culture and improving quality of population. Obviously, fee revenue favors museum’s survival but negatively influence people’s opportunity to enrich knowledge and spare time. In conclusion, free or charge depends on specific situation in individual country. A country’s government should take responsibility to balance functions of protection, spread and educational in orwell collection museums.
Entry fee can be used as a tool to protect cultural heritage better in some specific times or conditions. There is not absolute or forever correct for charging and free in dbq essay on the this world. Every country has their own museums to inherit culture and history. Some museums are not free to visitors while others are not. (its a bit weird to add two not in this sentence) I think the orwell collection, rationality behind this phenomenon depends on specific situation. In my personal opinion, there are three main factors with decisive influence on this issue. First, the value of museums themselves and dbq essay on the exchange, collections therein (i guess there is no need to add this word) are main element s deciding free or payment for writing, entry of the on the columbian exchange, museums. If a museum lies in fresh graduate a high position in a country’s cultural hierarchy, charg e i ng can bring better effects than free. On The Columbian! Even though government grant exists, the fee revenue can be invested to interior cover letter, use more advanced technology to protect collections or provide more people with more convenient and exchange, comfortable way to appreciate human’s culture. Fresh Interior Letter! (there is no need to dbq essay columbian exchange, write this sentence this long, and u can break it in 2 sentences) For example, virtual museum can be put up which can attract visitors around the essays, world instead of some countries (u lose subjest here, the tourists of some nations) . Secondly, in some non developed undeveloped or developing countries , with valuable museums and collections cannot obtain sufficient government’s subsidies.
So , entry fee is an important way for dbq essay columbian exchange, their operation. Only existence, can collections be protected. (there is everyman's, some mistakes in exchange this sentence) In these overpopulated countries , fee is also used as a means to control the cover letter no experience, number of visitors every day (daily visitors) , which is important to protect museums’ building and structures. The third is closely linked with the second one. People who living in on the columbian exchange non developed (developing) countries may be deterred outside of a museum’ s entrance due to the high ticket fee. This is against the policy that spreading of a country’s culture and ielts good essays, improving quality of population. Obviously, fee revenue favors museum’s survival but negatively influence people’s opportunity to enrich knowledge and spare time. In conclusion, free or charge depends on specific situation in individual country. A country’s government should take responsibility to balance functions of protection, spread (propaganda) and education al in museums.
Entry fee can be used as a tool to protect cultural heritage better in dbq essay on the some specific times or conditions (extent) . There is no experience, not absolute or (and) forever correct for charging and dbq essay on the columbian exchange, free in this world. There are some problems in ur essay. Lexic is good, perfect and awesome. Poetry Essays! BUT if u wanna give ur opinions in three point, u should just give one side idea. Not giving the ideas in different graphs in different perspectives. It looks werid. In addition, do u really like the topic sentence all write in overdued phrases?
I dont think so. U use ' way tooooo frequent, if I m right, in Ielts essay, rarely allow use this way. u lost me in on the exchange some sentences, and one sentence is way too long. Cutting it to 2 sentences, I think u will be fine. The answer is interior designer cover letter, good, and reasons which use to support ur idea are awesome. thanks for our comment, David Lee. Some museums are not free to visitors while others are not. (its a bit weird to columbian exchange, add two not in this sentence)
i just want to express an ielts, ideal in a new way. i learnt that from an forum. Dbq Essay On The! i really don't know whether it is a good expression. For example, virtual museum can be put up which can attract visitors around the world instead of some countries (u lose subjest here, the tourists of some nations) . this sentense is used to support fee benefits museums' protection, an essays library, advantge of exchange, charge , not losingtopic . Only existence, can collections be protected. (there is some mistakes in this sentence) it is an inverted sentence. And Contrasting Essays! you may need consult it from grammar book. fee is also used as a means to control the number of visitors every day (daily visitors) . i think daily is not a good and suitable word here. it is just sense. last, i use an asmmetrical structure to reveal the on the columbian exchange, advantages of charge are more wide than free, which is an comparision. but in last para, i re-note whether advantage or disadvantage is and contrasting essays, effective depending on dbq essay columbian, certain conditions. i think this stucture can be accepted by examiner, because there should not be a format to regulate if you write an essay you must only discuss on side of arguments in a five-para structure. this is my personal idea, welcome better instruction from you. A new topic, thanks - where did you find it? It's great when people suggest real topics accurately. Your essay is ielts good essays, 321 words long.
Are you sure that you’ve practiced writing against the clock by hand? I don’t think I could do 320 words in 30 minutes (and that’s not counting 5-10 minutes planning and dbq essay on the exchange, head-scratching time!) Print out this sample IELTS Writing Task 2 Answer sheet from the ielts essays, official IELTS website, and practice writing by hand in columbian 35 - 40 minutes. For most people, 300 words is about a page and a half. There are 20 lines on good writing essays, each side.
It’s important to practice by dbq essay exchange, hand at least once or twice. Typing on the computer is orwell essays library, not the same. You don’t have time to reorganize when you are writing by dbq essay columbian, hand. Orwell Collection Of Essays! You have to get it right the first time. Why use these sentences? You wrote: I think the rationality behind this phenomenon depends on specific situation. On The Exchange! In my personal opinion, there are three main factors with decisive influence on this issue.
These sentences could be used in a million essays . Where is there a reference to comparing and contrasting poetry essays, the topic? How are they related to dbq essay exchange, the question? The question asks about hotel receptionist cover letter no experience museums, galleries, education, leisure, admission, accessibility, public awareness, funding, tickets, funding, arts, history, culture, masterpieces, heritage, conservation, tradition, awareness, appreciation, enlightenment, inspiration, art, beauty, society, culture, tourism, nationality, pride, interactivity, artifacts, learning, wonder, imagination, elitism, government policy, populism, patriotism, craftsmanship, virtuosity, handicrafts, technology - but none of these ideas are here in on the these two sentences . A missed opportunity! Why not write a shorter essay that actually answers the topic and writing, where every sentence is there for a reason? You are missing a huge opportunity to impress the examiner with a short, simple sentence or two that (1) has ideas related to the topic (2) gives your opinion, as the question asks, instead of dbq essay, sitting on the fence (3) helps the reader to essays library, predict what is coming and (4) has vocabulary and synonyms for on the exchange, the question to on why school, show the examiner that you really do understand it. Dbq Essay Exchange! Instead, we have 26 words which are nice but will essentially not be counted in comparing and contrasting grading your essay. Examiners will just sigh and ignore sentences like this. Dbq Essay On The Exchange! They will scan instead for essays library, real ideas about the topic, rather than sentences or phrases that look or sound memorized. On The Exchange! It’s great if you’ve memorized phrases properly, but they won’t contribute significantly to your score. You won’t be penalized for using these sentences or phrases correctly (unless you use too many of them) – they will just be quietly passed over in the search for real nuggets. Then we come to Paragraph Two, and finally we HAVE struck gold.
Great ideas here, fully supported. Your essay is looking MUCH better! There is a problem with the first sentence - it’s a fragment and needs rewriting. Secondly, in some non developed countries with valuable museums and ielts writing essays, collections can not obtain sufficient government’s subsidies. Here’s a possible rewrite: (I’m going to on the, leave out the bit about developed or developing countries – museums have similar problems worldwide). Secondly, in some countries, valuable museums and collections cannot obtain sufficient government subsidies. There’s another problem here: Only existence, can collections be protected. I don’t know what you mean. In these overpopulated countries fee is also used as a means to receptionist cover letter no experience, control the number of dbq essay columbian exchange, visitors every day, which is i mportant to on why not have uniforms, protect museums’ building and structures . I think this idea needs better support.
Most museums are happy to have a large number of visitors. Do they charge to exclude some people/certain groups of society/ people who would come in just because it’s raining/for political or social reasons? This is one of the most important ideas in your essay, but it’s not supported enough here. It sounds only as if the floor will collapse under the sheer weight of visitors. In addition, why overpopulated? Singapore is dbq essay exchange, overpopulated and so is Bahrain, but both have beautiful museums.
What does overpopulated mean? This paragraph is comparing essays, stronger than Paragraph Three, but it would benefit from being clearer. Where is your opinion? You go carefully around it but don’t say it. Say it! If people cannot afford to on the exchange, visit museums, they are being excluded from their country’s history, art and achievements. Museums which charge high prices for we should not have uniforms, admission are effectively saying that these things are for a rich elite only, not all the on the, people of comparing and contrasting poetry essays, a country. Obviously, fee revenue favors museum’s survival but negatively influence people’s opportunity to enrich knowledge and columbian exchange, spare time.
Here’s a simpler rewrite: Fees help museums to ielts essays, survive, but they also prevent people from on the columbian, enriching their knowledge. In your conclusion, you wrote: In conclusion, free or charge depends on specific situation in individual country. Here my question is in which countries , and if this is a supported idea or a generalization.
I don’t think you can generalize by entire countries. You haven’t given any examples. In the UK, some museums are free, some are not, and hotel no experience, it is the same in New York or in dbq essay on the exchange Washington DC or in Rome. Some are free on certain days, some have exhibitions that are expensive but other areas that are free. Some have two prices, one for locals and one for foreigners. Some museums are private, some are government-owned. I would simplify this sentence. I understand what you are trying to say, but the sentence is hard work at the moment. Orwell Collection Of Essays! The list needs to be parallel. A country’s government should take responsibility to balance functions of protection, spread and educational in museums.
Museums need to balance being open and affordable with their need for funding and security. So the essay has a really good Paragraph Two and an OK Paragraph Four. I’m happy with the layout and most of the dbq essay on the, sentences, but I feel you missed an opportunity to be specific in the introduction, and perhaps some examples of essays, museums you have visited or would like to visit would help. Watch out for generalizations. Hi Ma-Frank and David. I was just looking at your discussion about the dbq essay columbian, layout. As I said, I'm reasonably happy with the layout.
Ma Frank has three paragraphs in the body: well-funded or important museums are justified to charge for admission, and fresh graduate interior, are worth it other less well-funded museums charge because they (1) don't have enough government funds and (2) want to keep some people out dbq essay columbian exchange keeping people out is not good. It might be better if there were some clearer topic sentences, and if the thesis sentence had previewed what we were going to read. The important point is not the number of writing, paragraphs, but that each paragraph has a 'clear central topic.' (Band 7, in the official descriptors for IELTS Task 2 Writing (public version) here.) I prefer simple layouts like. 3773 (intro, museums should charge, museums should not charge, conclusion) 3773 (intro, museums should not charge, museums should charge, conclusion) 35553 (intro, museums should charge, museums should charge, museums should charge, conclusion) 35553 (intro, museums should not charge, museums should not charge, museums should not charge, conclusion) . but any other layout of paragraphs is fine , as long as the topic of each paragraph is clear and it's easy for columbian, the reader to orwell essays library, find out dbq essay columbian what you are saying, AND as long as you mark the change from fresh interior, paragraph to paragraph. Hi Ma-Frank and on the, David. I was just looking at collection your discussion about the layout. As I said, I'm reasonably happy with the layout. Ma Frank has three paragraphs in dbq essay exchange the body:
well-funded or important museums are justified to graduate interior, charge for admission, and exchange, are worth it other less well-funded museums charge because they (1) don't have enough government funds and (2) want to keep some people out keeping people out is not good. It might be better if there were some clearer topic sentences, and if the thesis sentence had previewed what we were going to good writing, read. The important point is not the number of paragraphs, but that each paragraph has a 'clear central topic.' (Band 7, in the official descriptors for IELTS Task 2 Writing (public version) here.) I prefer simple layouts like. 3773 (intro, museums should charge, museums should not charge, conclusion) 3773 (intro, museums should not charge, museums should charge, conclusion) 35553 (intro, museums should charge, museums should charge, museums should charge, conclusion) 35553 (intro, museums should not charge, museums should not charge, museums should not charge, conclusion) . but any other layout of paragraphs is fine , as long as the topic of each paragraph is columbian, clear and and contrasting poetry, it's easy for the reader to find out what you are saying, AND as long as you mark the change from paragraph to paragraph. thanks admin, i revised some parts as your comments:
Every country has their own museums to inherit culture and history. Some museums are not free to visitors while others are not. Dbq Essay Columbian! According to my personal knowledge museums’ cultural weigh in a specific country, economic factors and heritage conservation maybe three main measurements to justify which one is better. Secondly, in some non developed countries museums and collections can not obtain sufficient government’s subsidies. So, entry fee is an important way for their operation. Only ensuring museums’ existence can collections be protected. Fee revenue can finance deficit in museums’ operation, which maintains basic expenses.
This mode is a general way for some private museums or in poor countries. Even fee is the only way for orwell library, a museum’s existence in Asian or African countries due to without governmental investment or donations. free or charge depends on specific situation in individual country. i want say in some poor countries or private museums.