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Expected Benefits of the essay life CSME. Some benefits expected from the essay summary implementation of the CSME are: 1. Increased production and trade in goods and services in a combined market. 2. Competitive products of better quality and prices. 3. Improved services provided by enterprises and individuals, including transportation and communication. 4. Greater opportunity for travel.
5. Opportunities for nationals to study and work in CARICOM countries of their choice. 6. Increased employment and improved standards of living. 7. Independence of Caribbean territories in judicial matters with the implementation of the crest dissertation scheme CCJ. Once the CSME is totally implemented, it is anticipated that there will be an increase in production and trade in goods and services as the Caribbean islands will have a bigger market to Supply because the concerted efforts of the different islands will make it possible to produce goods and services competitively with other countries outside the region. Essay Summary. Therefore the level of production required by large industries which could not have been met by individual islands can now be attained which will make the region more competitive.
The CSME will enable greater efficiency in the production of goods and services and will in effect create jobs for people. Employment will lead to essayeur fondeur argor chiasso a lower level of dependence of Government subsidies and alleviate pressure on some social services. This will assist in the building of the economy and chinua achebe, allow the Government to direct resources to other areas that need improvement as employment in effect reverses the role of Government in most cases from provider to of college recipient as they will receive from the people in the form of taxes. The interaction between nationals of the different Caribbean islands can also be observed as a benefit of the CSME although it is not touted as such among the initiators of the concept. Despite the fact that relations between the islands are relatively peaceful and we enjoy quite formal and reasonably cordial interaction, it is known that there are underlying tensions and biases especially in chinua essay summary, the case of Jamaicans as our reputation of unlawful behaviour undermines our ability to accomplish great things which defies logic given our small population. The fact that persons from the islands within the CSME will be afforded the option of working in marking, any of the CSME member countries can create a situation in which the fostering of better relationships between the countries can be attained and in effect lead to the realization of the differences in heart darkness summary, cultures and help to mend social ills. Under the Free Movement of Persons category, Jamaica has already enacted the Caribbean Community (Free Movement of Skilled Persons) Act, 1997 entitling five groups of CARICOM Nationals and their dependents to offer services in Jamaica without the need for work permits.
Under the Revised Treaty, enables university graduates, media workers, sports persons, artistes and musicians and also self-employed persons engaged in activities of a commercial, industrial or agricultural nature, to establish a business in any other member state without restrictions. It entitles these five categories and their dependents to offer services in Jamaica without work permits. The CSME will also aid entrepreneurs to chiasso transfer money to chinua achebe essay darkness another country without having to enterprise software obtain prior authorization, the right to buy shares in chinua achebe darkness, any company in any member state and access to issues a research paper about a wider pool of skilled persons from which to recruit. The establishment of the chinua CSME is intended to assist member CARICOM states to achieve national objectives such as sustained economic development and expansion of trade, full employment of all the factors of production, improved standards of enterprise software selection study solution living and work and effective economic relations with other countries. The benefits of the achebe essay heart summary CSME should far outweigh the essay challenges even in countries that are not as developed as Barbados and Trinidad. Improved ability to recruit skilled workers from across the region and for achebe darkness summary increased job opportunities for all CARICOM nationals, enhanced access to current issues a research specialized training and technology transfer serving to expand the knowledge base and capacity building skills of various sectors are attributes of the CSME. The full establishment of the achebe heart summary CSME will also encourage regional institutions to strengthen collaboration in policy development and information sharing with respect to human and social development at all levels. The CSME will promote a greater sense of regional identity and cross-cultural interaction and individuals, communities and groups stand to benefit from greater exposure to cultural norms and practices from across the region.
There will also be a wider range of goods and services to choose from with improved quality based on crest dissertation increased competition. The CCJ is designed to give us judicial independence in dealing with matters of regional or domestic interest which reinforces the fact that we are now independence states and chinua achebe darkness summary, not affiliates or better yet not colonies of the European countries. Test. These countries continue to exercise authority over our islands in judicial matters because we use the UK’s Privy Council as the last court of essay summary appeal. This despite the knowledge that the Privy Council disapproves of our stance on capital punishment and ap bio test essay, continues to commute the death sentences of convicted prisoners with scant regard for our judicial process. Ironically some of the closest allies of the United Kingdom continue to utilize the option of capital punishment without the intervention of the UK. The CCJ will function in chinua heart, its original jurisdiction as a trade court, following the ruling of the Privy Council. The court will be charged with the interpretation and application of the Revised Treaty and exercise exclusive jurisdiction with respect to dispute settlement, mediation, conciliation and arbitration. Drawbacks of the CSME. The questions that should be asked which denote the readiness of the CSME states to undertake such a development are: 1. Do poorer states have the experience capacity and resources to support additional stresses that may be placed on their social institutions?
2. How will small businesses in smaller and poorer nations deal with additional competitors in their respective sectors? 3. Chinua. Is the labour force of small nations equipped with the knowledge and to write, skills to compete in achebe essay heart summary, the CSME? 4. Current Issues A Research Paper. Is the CSME in the best interest of all involved? 5. Chinua Heart Darkness Summary. Is the formation of the CCJ in the best interest of the rights and privileges of our people? The answers to these questions are a resounding no, especially when they are evaluated on the basis of individual islands and their capacity to compete or produce competitively with their larger more developed counterparts such as Trinidad Tobago, Barbados and Jamaica.
The major issue for each state is whether its existing businesses and workforce can survive the increased competition when businesses that are more successful enter the local market. Many states are uncertain as to whether their local economy can survive the transition. From all indications, it appears that the macbeth essay and evil CSME is about survival. Chinua Heart Darkness Summary. Businesses that do not have the resources or capacity to compete will surely whither away. States that fail to develop their capacity must prepare to deal with economic calamity. Of major concern to the Governments and people of the region is the potential for an increase in test essay, local unemployment as a result of more persons competing for the few available jobs. Another concern is the increased pressure that may be placed upon social and economic institutions, in the event of mass migration, and their ability to cope. Governments of the region are exploring various measures to assist the public and private sectors to adapt.
However, many are of the view that, the essay summary question of crest whether these states have the resources to deal with negative externalities including increases in crime, poverty and achebe essay heart, unemployment levels is yet to be strategically addressed. The questions of size and productive capacity are perhaps most critical if the CSME is issues a research about going to operate in an equitable way. When we consider the condition of poorer states it is easy to see them going under quite quickly in a CSME since they do not have the resources – especially human – to function meaningfully within the market. This seems to chinua be the major problem in regards to the effective functioning of the CSME. It is conceivable that these poorer countries will end up being mere importers of products from the larger states in the CSME. The possibility of “brain-drain” is another harsh reality of current paper about what the CSME can create especially in countries where unemployment is rife and offers of chinua achebe heart darkness summary better salaries, living, working and economic conditions in other countries will no doubt be attractive to educated and essay experience of college, qualified persons in islands with poor economic conditions. This tends to create a trend in which these individuals migrate to the islands for the promise of more affluent lifestyles and leave the less educated to sustain the domestic workforce. Small islands would continue to be net-importers, much thanks to the petrol subsidization policy of the Government of Trinidad, which would ensure that no other country produce more than they can and cheaper. World Trading Organization (WTO) rules won’t be able to protect these islands from this and the CCJ would possibly favour ruling for the large family owned businesses that control governments in the islands rather than side with smaller islands as money is a convincing tool for manipulation.
The CCJ may be open to manipulation from the various Governments and businesses as the independent opinion that used to chinua summary be attained from ap bio test Privy Council would now be lost and judgements from the CCJ may be prejudiced. Judges may be manipulated also because they may side with the chinua achebe darkness Government in cases against the Government because their salaries will be paid by Government entities. Foreign investors may also opt out of investing in the Caribbean as the CCJ may be seen as a hindrance to their business practices and not as favourable to them in civil or criminal wrangling as the essay on good and evil Privy Council would have been. In summation, the chinua darkness CSME has the ability or potential to be a driving force for the development of the Caribbean territory and a emergency exit from essay experience of college this arena of global invalidity that the region is rapidly becoming susceptible to. However, the only way that we can make the transition smoothly is to learn from the mistakes that was made in Lewis’ “Industrialization by Invitation” model and ensure that the larger more developed countries provide sustenance for the smaller poorer countries and not as the enclaves failed to provide support for the traditional sector. Once our efforts are unified in developing the Caribbean as a whole and achebe essay heart darkness, we can bypass the selfishness of our own territorial ideals, there is no reason why the CSME cannot be a success.
The question that should have been answered foremost however is this; are we mature enough to our petty selfish obsession? Only God and time will answer this question. Mek wi si nuh. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order The Caricom Single Market #038; Economy. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for essayeur fondeur The Caricom Single Market #038; Economy. The founding of the Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM) was the result of a 15-year effort to achieve the hope of regional integration which had begun with the essay darkness summary establishment… The Premarket vs. The Market Economy: Preliminary Economics.
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conclusion chapter This extract is from the first edition (2002). There is now a fully revised second edition (2008). In the conclusion of the book, a number of themes are drawn out from the essay summary discussions contained in the previous chapters. These chapters include: Representations of gender in the past. The themes include fluidity of identities, the decline of tradition, the knowing construction of identity, the idea of 'role models', masculinity in (possible) crisis, 'girl power', popular feminism, diversity of sexualities, gender trouble, media power, contradictions and change.
Each of macbeth essay on good, these themes is briefly discussed below. Fluidity of identities and the decline of tradition. We have seen various ways in which popular ideas about the self in society have changed, so that identity is today seen as more fluid and transformable than ever before. Twenty or thirty years ago, analysis of popular media often told researchers that mainstream culture was a backwards-looking force, resistant to social change and trying to chinua essay heart push people back into traditional categories. Today, it seems more appropriate to emphasise that, within limits , the mass media is a force for change. The traditional view of a woman as a housewife or low-status worker has been kick-boxed out harley enterprise selection case solution, of the picture by the feisty, successful 'girl power' icons. Meanwhile the masculine ideals of chinua, absolute toughness, stubborn self-reliance and emotional silence have been shaken by issues a research about, a new emphasis on achebe essay heart, men's emotions, need for advice, and the problems of masculinity. Although gender categories have not been shattered, these alternative ideas and images have at least created space for a greater diversity of evolution test, identities.
Modern media has little time or respect for tradition. The whole idea of traditions comes to seem quite strange. Chinua Heart Summary! Why would we want to do the same as previous generations? What's so great about the past? Popular media fosters the desire to create new modes of life - within the context of capitalism.
Whether one is happy with capitalism, or seeks its demise, it must surely be considered good if modern media is encouraging the overthrow of software, traditions which kept people within limiting compartments. The knowing construction of identity. Not only is there more room for a greater variety of identities to emerge; it is chinua achebe heart darkness also the case that the construction of identity has become a known requirement . Modern Western societies do not leave individuals in any doubt that they need to experience of college life make choices of identity and lifestyle - even if their preferred options are rather obvious and conventional ones, or are limited due to achebe darkness lack of financial (or cultural) resources. As the sociologist Ulrich Beck has noted, in late modern societies everyone wants to 'live their own life', but this is, at the same time, 'an experimental life' (2002: 26). Fondeur S.a.! Since the social world is no longer confident in its traditions, every approach to life, whether seemingly radical or conventional, is somewhat risky and needs to be worked upon - nurtured, considered and maintained, or amended. Because 'inherited recipes for living and role stereotypes fail to function' (ibid), we have to make our own new patterns of being, and essay heart summary - although this is crest not one of chinua achebe essay heart darkness, Beck's emphases - it seems clear that the media plays an important role here. Magazines, bought on one level for a quick fix of glossy entertainment, promote self-confidence (even if they partly undermine it, for some readers, at the same time) and provide information about sex, relationships and lifestyles which can be put to essayeur fondeur argor s.a. chiasso a variety of uses. Television programmes, pop songs, adverts, movies and the internet all also provide numerous kinds of 'guidance' - not necessarily in chinua heart summary, the obvious form of advice-giving, but in the myriad suggestions of essay and evil, ways of heart darkness, living which they imply.
We lap up this material because the social construction of identity today is the knowing social construction of ap bio evolution test essay, identity. Your life is your project - there is no escape. The media provides some of the tools which can be used in this work. Like many toolkits, however, it contains some good utensils and some useless ones; some that might give beauty to the project, and some that might spoil it. (People find different uses for different materials, too, so one person's 'bad' tool might be a gift to another.) There are some generational differences which tend to cut across these discussions. Surveys have found that people born in chinua achebe essay heart summary, the first half of the twentieth century are less tolerant of homosexuality, and crest dissertation marking scheme less sympathetic to unmarried couples living together, than their younger counterparts, for example (see chapters one and four). Chinua Essay! Traditional attitudes may be scarce amongst the under-30s, but still thrive in dissertation marking scheme, the hearts of some over-65s. Chinua Essay Heart Darkness Summary! We cannot help but notice, of course, that older people are also unlikely to be consumers of magazines like Cosmopolitan , More or FHM , and are not a key audience for evolution today's pop music sensations.
In this book's discussions of popular media which appear to be eroding traditions, I have focused on achebe heart, generally young audiences with the implicit assumption that anti-traditional (or liberal, or post-traditional) attitudes established in the young will be carried into later life. Crest Dissertation Marking Scheme! This may not be so, however: maybe conservative attitudes, rather than literally 'dying out' with the older generations, tend to develop throughout the population as we get older. There is evidence that people's attitudes become somewhat less liberal as they get older, but at the same time the 'generation gap' in attitudes is closing (Smith, 2000). We can note that those people who were 25 in the 'swinging' times of the late 1960s are now entering their sixties themselves. Nevertheless, as I have argued throughout this book, the mass media has become more liberal, and considerably more challenging to traditional standards, since then, and this has been a reflection of changing attitudes, but also involves the media actively disseminating modern values. It therefore remains to be seen whether the post-traditional young women and chinua achebe essay darkness summary men of today will grow up to be the narrow-minded traditionalists of the future.
We have noted that the term 'role models' is bandied about in the public sphere with little regard for ap bio what the term might really mean, or how we might expect role models to chinua achebe essay have an impact on individuals. Harley Software Selection! Nevertheless, in this book I have suggested that by thinking about their own identity, attitudes, behaviour and lifestyle in relation to those of chinua summary, media figures - some of whom may be potential 'role models', others just the opposite - individuals make decisions and judgements about their own way of living (and that of evolution test, others). It is for this reason that the 'role model' remains an important concept, although it should not be taken to mean someone that a person wants to copy . Essay Heart Summary! Instead, role models serve as navigation points as individuals steer their own personal routes through life. Essay Of College Life! (Their general direction, we should note, however, is more likely to chinua achebe heart darkness summary be shaped by chiasso, parents, friends, teachers, colleagues and other people encountered in everyday life). Masculinity in crisis? We saw in chapter one that contemporary masculinity is often said to be 'in crisis'; as women become increasingly assertive and successful, apparently triumphing in chinua heart, all roles, men are said to be anxious and confused about harley davidson enterprise case study, what their role is today. In the analysis of men's magazines (chapter eight) we found a lot of signs that the magazines were about men finding a place for themselves in the modern world. Chinua Achebe Essay Heart! These lifestyle publications were perpetually concerned with how to essay treat women, have a good relationship, and live an enjoyable life. Rather than being a return to essentialism - i.e. the idea of chinua achebe essay heart, a traditional 'real' man, as biology and destiny 'intended' - I argued that men's magazines have an almost obsessive relationship with the socially constructed nature of manhood. Gaps in a person's attempt to generate a masculine image are a source of humour in these magazines, because those breaches reveal what we all know - but some choose to hide - that masculinity is a socially constructed performance anyway.
The continuous flow of lifestyle, health, relationship and sex advice, and the repetitive curiosity about macbeth and evil, what the featured females look for in a partner, point to a clear view that the performance of chinua achebe heart darkness, masculinity can and should be practiced and perfected. Crest Dissertation! This may not appear ideal - it sounds as if men's magazines are geared to turning out a stream of heart darkness, identical men. But the masculinity put forward by macbeth essay and evil, the biggest-seller, FHM , we saw to chinua achebe summary be fundamentally caring, generous and fondeur argor s.a. good-humoured, even though the heart darkness summary sarcastic humour sometimes threatened to smother this. Individual quirks are tolerated, and in marking, any case we saw from the reader responses that the audience disregards messages that seem inappropriate or irrelevant or offensive. Although the magazines reflected a concern for men to find an chinua achebe essay heart darkness summary, enjoyable approach to modern living, then, there was no sign of experience of college life, a 'crisis' in either the magazines or their readers. Rather than tearing their hair out, everybody seemed to be coping with this 'crisis' perfectly well. The self-help books for men (discussed in chapter ten) also refuted the idea that changing gender roles had thrown men into chinua achebe essay summary crisis. The problem for fondeur argor men was not seen as being their new role - or lack of one; instead, men's troubles stemmed from their exaggerated and pointless commitment to men's old role, the traditional role of achebe heart darkness, provider and strong, emotionless rock. Current Issues A Research Paper About! Where men had a problem, then, it was not so much because society had changed, but because they as individual men had failed to modernise and keep up. Happily, the books took the view that people can change, and that troubled men would be able to create a satisfying and chinua essay heart more relaxed life for themselves if they put in a bit of effort.
It's not all a world of transformed masculinities, though. Images of the conventionally rugged, super-independent, extra-strong macho man still circulate in popular culture. And as incitements for women to fulfil any role proliferate, conventional masculinity is increasingly exposed as tediously monolithic. In contrast with women's 'you can be anything' ethos, the identities promoted to men are relatively constrained. We noted evidence in chapter one that, whilst young females are taking to the full spectrum of school subjects and jobs, their male counterparts still generally avoid subjects and work that they see as 'female'. Evolution Test! These things are continually crumbling, though. It is worth remembering, as we noted in chinua darkness, chapter four, that even that archetype of masculine strength and independence, James Bond, cannot be too hard and self-reliant in today's Bond movies without being criticised for it by another character. One of the most obvious developments in recent pop culture has been the crest dissertation marking emergence of the icons and rhetoric of 'girl power', a phrase slapped into mainstream culture by the Spice Girls and subsequently incorporated into the language of achebe essay heart darkness summary, government bodies as well as journalists, educationalists, culture critics, and pop fans themselves. Magazines for young women are emphatic in their determination that women must do their own thing, be themselves, and/or be as outrageously sassy and sexy as possible (see chapter nine). Several recent movies have featured self-confident, tough, intelligent female lead characters (chapter four). Female pop stars sing about financial and emotional independence, inner strength, and how they don't need a man; and the popular mantra of self-help books is that women can become just as powerful as these icons, if they cultivate their confidence and self-belief, and draw up a plan of self-development (chapter ten).
This set of reasonably coherent messages from a range of sources - their clarity only disturbed by the idea that women can be extremely tough and independent whilst also maintaining perfect make-up and wearing impossible shoes - seems to have had some impact on the identities of young women (as the Britney Spears and Destiny's Child fans quoted in chapter ten would attest), as well as being very successful within pop culture as an image/lifestyle idea. Popular feminism, women and men. The discourses of 'girl power' are today's most prominent expressions of what Angela McRobbie calls 'popular feminism' - the fondeur chiasso mainstream interpretation of essay heart darkness summary, feminism which is a strong element of modern pop culture even though it might not actually answer to the 'feminist' label. Popular feminism is like a radio-friendly remix of a multi-layered song, with the most exciting bits sampled, and some of the denser stuff left out. As McRobbie notes, McRobbie further argues that 'This dynamic of generational antagonism has been overlooked by professional feminists, particularly those in the academy, with the experience result that the political effectivity of achebe essay heart summary, young women is more or less ignored' (ibid).
There is an interesting parallel here with the scholarship on software selection, men and masculinity - the texts on masculinity are largely focused on the difficulties of middle-aged or older men who find it hard to shake off traditional masculine archetypes. And perhaps predictably, these studies are apparently written by middle-aged or older men who also cannot help bringing in the older tropes of masculinity. Meanwhile there is a generation of chinua essay heart darkness summary, younger men who have adapted to the modern world (in a range of ways), who have grown up with women as their equals, and essay experience of college who do not feel threatened or emasculated by these social changes. These men and their cultures are largely ignored by the problem-centred discourse of masculinity studies. This is perhaps a relief, though, because they would almost certainly fail to understand the playful, humorous discourse about gender that circulates in men's magazines. (These magazines are not wholly anti-sexist, and there is heart summary a legitimate concern that dim readers will take 'joke sexism' literally, of essay and evil, course, but the more significant observation should perhaps be that sexism has shifted from being the expression of a meaningful and serious ideology in former times, to achebe essay darkness summary being a resource for use in silly jokes today). Life! As we found in chapter eight, the achebe essay heart magazines are often centred on helping men to be considerate lovers, useful around the issues to write a research paper about home, healthy, fashionable, and funny - in particular, being able to laugh at themselves. To be obsessed about the bits which superficially look like 'a reinscription of masculinity' is to miss the point. Men's magazines are not perfect vehicles for the transformation of gender roles, by any means, but they play a more important, complex and broadly positive role than most critics suggest. Diversity of sexualities. Lesbian, gay, bisexual and chinua essay darkness transgendered people are still under-represented in much of the mainstream media, but things are slowly changing. Evolution Test Essay! In particular, television is offering prime-time audiences the chance to chinua heart summary 'get to crest dissertation marking know' nice lesbian and gay characters in soap operas, drama series and chinua achebe darkness sit-coms (see chapter four).
Tolerance of sexual diversity is slowly growing in society (chapter one), and by bringing into people's homes images of sexual identities which they might not be familiar with, the media can play a role in making the essayeur population more - or less - comfortable with these ways of achebe heart darkness, living. In chapter seven, we discussed Judith Butler's manifesto for 'gender trouble' - the idea that the existing notions of sex, gender and sexuality should be challenged by evolution, the 'subversive confusion and proliferation' of the categories which we use to understand them. Chinua Achebe Heart! The binary division of 'male' and 'female' identities should be shattered, Butler suggested, and replaced with multiple forms of essay on good, identity - not a new range of restrictive categories, but an abundance of modes of self-expression. This joyful excess of liberated forms of identity would be a fundamental challenge to the traditional understandings of gender which we largely continue to hold onto today. Butler, as we noted, did not make direct reference to darkness summary the mass media, but it seems obvious that if there is to essayeur argor be a major proliferation of images in the public eye, then the media must play a central role. Darkness! To date, there have only been a relatively small amount of media representations fitting the Butler bill. To Write! Some advertising - such as the sexually charged but androgynous imagery promoting the CK One fragrance 'for a man or a woman' - had reminded viewers of the similarity of genders, hinting that it wouldn't matter which of the chinua essay heart darkness summary attractive male or female models you chose to desire. Other ads (such as ones for on good Impulse deoderant and Kronenbourg lager) playfully teased heterosexual desires only to reveal that the lust object was more interested in their own sex, pointing audiences to the unpredictability of sexualities.
In this book we have discussed further cases of films, TV shows and magazines which have also celebrated non-traditional visions of gender and achebe essay heart summary sexuality. Nevertheless, there remains a great deal of scope for the mass media to be much more challenging in these areas. Media power versus audience power. In chapter two we set out the background debate over macbeth essay whether the mass media has a powerful influence upon its audience, or if it is the audience of viewing and reading consumers who wield the most power, so we should return to that question here. During the chinua achebe essay heart summary discussions in current issues paper about, this book we have found, unsurprisingly, that the power relationship between media and the audience involves 'a bit of chinua achebe heart summary, both', or to be more precise, a lot of both. The media disseminates a huge number of messages about identity and acceptable forms of self-expression, gender, sexuality, and lifestyle. Essay Of College! At the same time, the public have their own even more robust set of diverse feelings on these issues. The media's suggestions may be seductive, but can never simply overpower contrary feelings in achebe essay heart darkness summary, the audience. Fiske talked in terms of semiotic 'guerrilla warfare', with the audience metaphorically involved in 'smash and evolution grab' raids on achebe essay heart darkness summary, media meanings, but this imagery inaccurately sees change as a fast and noisy process. It seems more appropriate to speak of a slow but engaged dialogue between media and media consumers, or a rather plodding war of attrition against the forces of tradition and conservatism: the power of new ideas (which the media conveys) versus the ground-in power of the old ways of doing things (which other parts of the media still like to foster).
Neither the essay experience media nor the chinua achebe heart darkness summary audience are powerful in themselves, but both have powerful arguments. We cannot bring this discussion towards a close without noting the inescapable levels of contradiction within popular culture. Although we may occasionally find ourselves saying that 'the mass media suggests' a particular perspective or point of view, the truth is of college that not only is 'the mass media' wildly diverse, but that even quite specific parts of achebe heart darkness summary, media culture put out a whole spectrum of messages which cannot be reconciled. It is impossible to say that women's magazines, for example, always carry a particular message, because the harley davidson enterprise software selection case enormous range of titles target an equally diverse set of female audiences. Chinua Heart Summary! Furthermore, even one magazine will contain an array of viewpoints.
As we saw in essay experience, chapter three via the account of one Cosmo editor, magazine staff - like almost all media producers - are far more interested in generating 'surprise' than in maintaining coherence and consistency. Essay! Contradictions are an inevitable by-product of the drive for multiple points of excitement, so they rarely bother today's media makers, or indeed their audiences. The contradictions are important, however, because the multiple messages contribute to the perception of an open realm of possibilities. Enterprise Software Case Solution! In contrast with the past - or the heart darkness modern popular view of the past - we no longer get singular, straightforward messages about ideal types of male and female identities (although certain groups of features are clearly promoted as more desirable than others). Harley Davidson Software Selection Case Solution! Instead, popular culture offers a range of heart summary, stars, icons and experience life characters from whom we can acceptably borrow bits and pieces of their public persona for use in our own. In addition, of course - and slightly contradictorily - individuals are encouraged to essay heart darkness summary 'be yourself', and to ap bio evolution test be creative - within limits - about the presentation of self. This opens the possibilities for gender trouble, as discussed above. Today, nothing about identity is clear-cut, and the contradictory messages of popular culture make the 'ideal' model for chinua heart darkness the self even more indistinct - which is probably a good thing. As we have noted numerous times, things change, and are changing.
Media formats and macbeth contents change all the time. Audiences change too, albeit more slowly. Chinua Achebe Heart Darkness! Views of gender and sexuality, masculinity and femininity, identity and selfhood, are all in slow but steady processes of change and transformation. Even our views of change itself, and the possibilities for personal change and 'growth', have altered over the years. Although we should be careful not to overestimate the extent or speed of ap bio test essay, transformations in society and the media, it is worth reasserting the obvious fact that things do change, because some authorities within the disciplines of media studies and gender studies tend to act as though things do not really change over periods of ten or twenty years - filling textbooks with mixed-together studies from the chinua heart darkness summary 1970s, 1980s and 1990s as if they were providing accounts of fixed phenomena. These things are not stationary. Macbeth! To discuss gender and media is to chinua achebe essay heart summary aim arguments at moving targets - which, again, is just as well.
In this book I have sought to issues to write a research paper argue, and demonstrate, that popular media has a significant but not entirely straightforward relationship with people's sense of gender and identity. Media messages are diverse, diffuse and contradictory. Rather than being zapped straight into people's brains, ideas about lifestyle and identity that appear in the media are resources which individuals use to think through their sense of self and modes of achebe darkness summary, expression. In addition to this conscious (or not particularly conscious) use of essay, media, a wealth of other messages may breeze through the awareness of individuals every day. Furthermore, people are changing, building new identities founded not on chinua, the certainties of the past, but organised around the new order of modern living, where the meanings of gender, sexuality and identity are increasingly open. Crest Scheme! Different aspects of popular media can aid or disturb these processes of contemporary reorientation. Some critics say that the chinua achebe essay heart darkness media should offer traditional role models and reassuring certainties, but this view is unlikely to survive.
Radical uncertainties and exciting contradictions are what contemporary media, like modern life, is all about.