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Sociology/ The Battle Of The Sexes - An Essay On Gender Equality And Inequality term paper 16247. Essay Writing? Gender equality aims to write analysis essay, achieve a genuine balance between men and women by essay respecting human rights. A 'gender equal society' is powerpoint presentation writing a society in which both men and women are given equal opportunities to essay, participate voluntarily in activities at edexcel studies gcse, all levels as equal partners and shall be able to writing, enjoy political, economical, social and writing appraisal essay cultural benefits as well as to take responsibility equally. 'A realization of a truly affluent society is dependent on essay writing and referencing, the establishment of essay streetcar named desire, a social framework which allows individuals to choose various lifestyles regardless of stereotypical gender roles' (Henley). Essay? However, every society categorizes it's members according to for essay, sex, treating men and women. in different ways and expecting different patterns of writing, behavior from them. The division of the human species into two fundamental categories is based on sex.

All societies elaborate this biological fact into nonbiological notions of. masculinity and how to a lyrical analysis femininity. These concepts refer not to sex but to gender, the essay culturally learned differences between men and women. School For 2011? How equal are the essay writing and referencing genders? Any analysis of edexcel papers gcse unit, sexual equality or inequality must confront the. biological, psychological and writing and referencing cultural similarities and differences. Writing Critical? Biological evidence reveals that men and and referencing women are different in essayate their genes, which provide the inherited blueprint for their physical development. The male lacks a certain chromosome which makes him in writing and referencing many respects. the weaker sex. Male infants are more likely than females to streetcar named desire, be stillborn or malformed. Over thirty hereditary disorders, such as hemophilia and webbing of the toes, are found only in men. Furthermore, throughout the essay writing life course, the named desire death rate of writing, men is essay named higher than it is for women.

Women are more resistant than men to essay, most diseases and streetcar named seem to have a greater tolerance for pain and and referencing malnutrition. Men and women also have differences in their hormones, chemical substances that are secreted by the body's various glands. The precise effects of hormones have not been fully determined, but it is known that they can influence both physical development and streetcar named desire emotional arousal. Writing? Experiments with some animals have shown that artificially increased levels of male hormones can heighten aggressiveness and 2003 sex drive, even in females. There are obvious anatomical differences in essay the sexes physical structure and appearance. The most important of write essay, these distinctions, of essay writing and referencing, course, is in the reproductive system and using contractions their consequences. A mans biological involvement in reproduction begins and ends with a brief act of insemination. Women, on essay and referencing, the other hand, bear and suckle children and as a result their personal, social and economical activities may be restricted. Business School Essays For 2011? There are also other anatomical dissimilarities in such characteristics as height, weight, distribution of body fat and musculature.

These factors make men more physically powerful than women. Their. greater strength gives men the potential to dominate women by force, a fact that helps to explain why there has never been a society in and referencing which women have had political status superior to essayate phpbb group, that of men. Although there are many differences among both individual men and individual women, the typical psychological and personality patterns of essay and referencing, adult men and women are clearly dissimilar in many ways. Men tend to write analysis essay, be more aggressive and to have greater mathematical ability, women tend to be more nurturing and and referencing more emotional. But are these differences effects of a lyrical analysis, biological or social influences? 'The most important research on the psychology of gender concerns children who for some reason have been reared as a member of the opposite sex. Essay And Referencing? A child is biologically a boy but is essays raised as a girl. Children can be easily raised as a member of the opposite sex.' Over the past two decades, psychologists have published more than 16 000 articles on the psychology of the sexes but they are relatively insignificant and hardly justify the and referencing elaborate gender-role distinctions or sexual inequalities found in many societies. The social implications and ross school gender roles for both men and women are not genetically defined, because then, they would be exactly the essay writing same in all cultures. Even to contractions, the extent that gender is cultural, these conceptions should. vary even if they do not usually vary a great deal from and referencing culture to culture. A cross-cultural study could provide us with significant information about variation in of blackmail gender roles among the many cultures of the globe.

An interesting. example as far as the significance of cross-cultural evidence is essay writing concerned is the edexcel studies unit investigation which was conducted by and referencing Margaret Mead ( 1935 ) . Analysis? She investigated three isolated tribes in writing New Guinea. In one tribe, the Arapesh, men andwomen had remarkably similar attitudes and behavioural patterns. Write A Lyrical? The men and women of the Mundugumor tribe, on the other hand, were typically selfish and aggressive, traits defined as more'masculine' in writing most Western societies. The third tribe, the Tchambuli, the female gender were domineering and dictarial while the men were submissive, artistic and more emotional towards the for essay children. Nevertheless, these cases are not identified very often and essay 'the overall cross-cultural tendency points to a very strong pattern of male dominance' ( I. Writing Critical? Robertson ). Writing And Referencing? For instance, even in powerpoint for essay the industrialized Western societies, high political status is still, almost, a males' privilege. This last fact points to another cross-cultural characteristic; different occupations have been divided according to essay writing and referencing, gender. For example, home maintenance is in personal usually considered a women's task while hunting a man's one. And Referencing? This means that the two sexes are treated differently in different cultures and. Edexcel Studies 11? content of masculinity and femininity is culturally defined.

Although conceptions of essay and referencing, gender vary, most societies are marked by inequalities between the using essays sexes due to sexism. The culturally generated ideology can be described as the belief that one sex is writing inferior to another and that unequal treatment is therefore justified. Essay Of Blackmail? Obviously, religion endorses sexism and essay and referencing this can be proven if we read through the business for 2011 sacred texts of essay writing and referencing, all religions. Edexcel Past Religious Studies Gcse Unit 11? The Koran, the and referencing sacred text of of blackmail, Islam, declares: 'Men are superior to women on account of the qualities in which God has given them pre-eminence.' In this way, women are excluded from essay writing and referencing high socio-economic statuses. Similar teachings are found in essay streetcar desire our own religion, Greek Orthodox , aswell. Even though the feminist movement has gained great strength in the last decade sexism is. Writing And Referencing? culturally accepted by most women and therefore they remain submissive. For example, now that men's ideals for desire womanhood is shifting towards a leaner and writing more athletic look, dieting has become a female obsession.

These traditional gender roles and essay of blackmail social stereotypes, structure the experiences and behaviour of most men and women and their basic options and essay and referencing opportunities in life. Despite the essay desire fact that biological, psychological, cultural and anthropological evidence clearly shows that humans can be socialized into essay writing a wide range of essay, gender roles, most societies are marked by essay writing striking inequalities. between men and women. No society relies on 'nature' to in personal essays, produce its particular gender roles, whatever they may be; in every culture, children are systematically socialized into acceptance of the writing prevailing assumptions. Throughout history both genders have accepted the essayate 2003 phpbb group system of essay writing, social stratification and that is edexcel past papers gcse what Marx called 'false consciousness'. This means that aslong as the status quo is taking for essay writing granted no significant changes will appear in the future and using essays gender equality will remain impossible. Writing? Robertson, Ian ( 1987 ) Sociology . Essay Named Desire? Worth Publishers Inc, United States of America. Henley, Nancy ( 1977 ) Body Politics: Power, Sex and writing Nonverbal Communication. Englewood Cliffs, Prentice Hall.

Coates, T ( 1994 ) Vision of Gender Equality. New York, Random House. Religious Gcse Unit? Unknown Feminism and Gender Equality In The 1990's . Webpage: ercarlso/papers.htm. Essay Writing? Unknown Gender Differences . Webpage: Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on how to analysis essay, any level under time constraints. Well-versed in most subjects and writing citation styles, our writers have years of 2003, ghostwriting experience doing both academic and professional projects. Every paper is essay and referencing written from scratch based on writing critical appraisal essay, your instructions and there is essay writing no plagiarism of essays for 2011, any kind. Essay? Plus, we guarantee free unlimited revisions.

You will enjoy direct contact with the writer throughout the entire process and will receive the paper by e-mail/download. The projects are never resold and will remain your unique property for a lifetime. The service is of blackmail totally confidential and writing all client information is writing appraisal essay kept private. We guarantee that the paper will adequately meet your guidelines and be done by the deadline, otherwise we will give you your money back, if we fail (terms of essay and referencing, service apply).

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How To Write A Cover Letter [Complete Guide With Examples] How do you write an awesome cover letter that will land you the and referencing, job? Let me tell you a short story first. Once upon a time, there was a girl who wanted to work with books. She loved the smell of ink and paper. She loved to using essays, run her fingertips along the leathery spines of old novels. So, she wrote a great cover letter and gave it to the head librarian. She was hired on the spot and lived happily ever after. How did a plain, old cover letter help the girl get a job?

Does anyone even read those things anymore? An engaging cover letter should tell the story of your passion for a position and how your experience will assist you in your future work. Sounds great right? Often, good cover letters can end up repeating your resume no matter how hard you try to writing, make them sound different. Hiring managers don’t have time to waste on bland, repetitive documents. This article will let you know how to write a cover letter that will complement your resume and enchant the hiring manager . The short answer is yes. Yes, it’s true that if you type “cover letters are” into Google, Autosuggest will offer you: And a lot of using contractions essays, experts will point blank tell you that hiring managers and recruiters don’t read even the best cover letters at all.

Many surveys back that up, with over writing 60% of recruiters saying that they find professional cover letters unimportant. Okay, so if even half of the recruiters you encounter feel that professional cover letters are worthless, it’s beside the point. You still need to send a good cover letter even if there is no chance of a recruiter giving it a read. Unless you are specifically told not to send one. Better safe than sorry. You never know if your resume is going to end up with a recruiter who belongs to the 40% who do feel it’s important to send in a cover letter for a job application. Do you want to play roulette with your shot at a dream job? Of course, you don’t. Hiring managers can receive an average of 250+ resumes in response to one job offer . That’s one of the reasons why they may not read your awesome cover letter. And with that many resumes to sort through, they spend an named, average of 6 seconds scanning them for relevant skills and experience . That’s why there is a good chance that they will skip over even the best cover letters and go straight to essay writing, the meat - your resume. Another reason is the rise of social media.

Currently, 84% of organizations are recruiting on essay of blackmail social media platforms , including LinkedIn and Facebook. What does this have to do with a cover letter for a job application? If you apply online, it is likely you will be asked to and referencing, send your resume via email or an online application system. In some cases, the essay named desire, email you send will feel like the essay and referencing, equivalent of a professional cover letter. Essayate 2003 Phpbb Group? And if you apply online there may not even be a place for you to paste your covering letter for a resume. Here’s the thing:

Does it hurt your chances of getting an interview if you send a great cover letter for a job? No. And in essay writing and referencing, a lot of industries, NOT sending a professional cover letter WILL hurt your chances. So, here’s how to write a cover letter in such a way that when it does get read, it will knock the socks off the lucky hiring manager who took the time to essayate, read it. What Is a Cover Letter? What does It Do? The basics: a good cover letter is a one-page document written like a letter that you send as an essay writing and referencing, introduction to your resume. The best cover letters do a few things: It introduces you to the hiring manager.

It explains why you are applying for the job. How To A Lyrical Essay? It explains how you are right for essay writing and referencing the job. It gives you a place to contractions in personal, explain things like gaps in your job history or reasons for changing your career. Think of your covering letter for essay and referencing a job as an opportunity to narrate your resume. Do you have gaps in write, your work history, or are you in the middle of a career change? Well, a successful cover letter will provide an explanation for these things in writing, a way a resume can’t. A covering letter is also the best place for business school for 2011 you to go into detail about how you are going to meet the needs of the company. It should also explain why your skills, achievements, and personality are a good fit. Now, there are three types of cover letters:

Requested Cover Letters (written in response to a job offer) General Inquiry Cover Letters (no job offer) Networking Cover Letters. In most cases, you will want to think about how to essay and referencing, write a cover letter in response to a job offer. If there is no job on offer, there are some small differences in the way you will want to write a lyrical, write your covering letter. More on that later. The Elements of a Successful Cover Letter. Writing a good cover letter is a bit like writing a business letter. The first element of both is the contact information. Essay Writing? If you want to using contractions in personal essays, save time and see what a good cover letter looks like, you can use our cover letter templates.

It looks like this: 062 Magnolia Street. Flowerville, Ohio 55675. The Employer’s Contact Information: 099 Peony Street. Flowerville, Ohio 55675. Here are some quick tips for writing contact information: 1. Essay Writing And Referencing? When writing your email address on either a professional cover letter or resume, keep it professional . What does that mean? Use an address from a professional provider.

For example, Gmail is a bit better than Hotmail, especially if you are applying at a tech-savvy firm. Your email should be your name - e.g., “ jane.smith ” or “ janesmith1 .” Addresses like [email protected] or [email protected] won’t amuse recruiters. Okay, maybe it will amuse them a little bit, but they won’t call you for an interview. Don’t use your current work email. It’s impolite. Create a private email address. It will only take a few minutes of your time. 2. You don’t need to include your address. It may even be better to leave it out, especially if the desire, job for essay which you are applying is essay streetcar named desire, not local.

3. Make sure the essay and referencing, telephone number you provide is one you are going to streetcar desire, answer. Use your mobile number if you aren’t home often. 4. Is your contact information consistent across your resume, social media profiles, and cover letter? You will want to be sure that everything is up to and referencing, date and consistent. While it sounds silly, leaving outdated information on your documents is an easy mistake to make. 5. Make sure you address a particular person when you add the contact information of the company. Speaking of addressing a particular person. We are in the age of personalization. So, the most fool-proof thing you can do to make the best cover letter is to start by using the hiring manager’s name . And there is a lot of essay of blackmail, science to back up that claim. When was the last time you were at a party? Okay, so it’s been awhile, sure.

Just imagine you are at one. There is a group in the corner discussing taxes. Writing And Referencing? Another group in the kitchen is talking about brands of baby strollers. The group in the living room is of blackmail, rehashing the latest Game of Thrones episode. And while you stand there drinking a Diet Coke, your brain will begin to block any conversations you don’t find interesting. Let’s say that it freaks you out essay writing, when your Facebook friends post creepy baby photos. How To Write A Lyrical Essay? So, your brain is going to block that group gossiping in the kitchen. Your ears will swivel. And your brain will instantly block out everything else and refocus on the person who called out to essay and referencing, you. Even if it’s one of the baby ladies. We love the sound of our names.

We love personalization. Erik Devaney, a content strategist at essay Hubspot, writes about the writing, use of personalization in marketing and using contractions in personal, the advent of customized content. And when you consider how to write a cover letter or a resume, what works for and referencing marketing will work for your documents as well. Because in essay, the end, they are essentially marketing documents too. He points out that that personalization gives us two things: a sense of control a solution to information overload. Let’s say a hiring manager is reading your awesome cover letter. Essay Writing? They see that the greeting is critical appraisal, addressed directly to them. The simple act of seeing their name will cause the hiring manager to feel like they have control over what they are reading. Erik points out that the sense of control a reader feels is an illusion. Yet, it will still make them feel like they have found something for them, putting them in control of the content.

Next, after the writing, hiring manager reads her name, she will feel like you are presenting her with the information she has been looking for - information that has been tailored to her needs and desires. She has hundreds of great cover letters and resumes to read. If that’s not information overload, I don’t know what is. If she finds one with her name on it, she won’t feel as overwhelmed by of blackmail that pile of information. Just by using the hiring manager’s name you’ve made her feel like she has in her hand exactly what she is and referencing, looking for - you. So, how do you find out what the hiring manager’s name is?

First, check the how to, job description. Writing? Sometimes the writing critical appraisal essay, hiring manager’s contact information will be provided there. If not, try contacting the company via phone to find out to whom you should address your cover letter. Essay Writing And Referencing? It is school essays for 2011, best to call the company instead of sending an essay and referencing, email. The next course of action is to ross business school essays for 2011, check the LinkedIn profiles of Human Resource managers from the company. It is better to address a person from the and referencing, company than no one at all. If in the end, you cannot find the name or contact information of the person who will be reading your resume, write “ Dear Hiring Manager ” as your greeting. Simply put the writing critical appraisal, company’s information in the contact section.

The only writing, greeting you want to streetcar named desire, avoid is “ To whom it may concern .” The entire purpose of writing, a good cover letter is to add a personal touch to your documents and “ To whom it may concern ” is not personal. Introduction - The First Paragraph. After the greeting, you will want to write a personable introduction that will catch the attention of the recruiter. Start by explaining what position you are applying for and how you came to find it. You can add basic information about yourself like your degree and area of study, or your career goals that are in line with the streetcar, goals of the company. The opening paragraph of your cover letter may very well be the FIRST thing that a hiring manager will see. Plus they are on a tight schedule. You’ve managed to personalize the content, and you have their attention. They think that your content is what they want and writing and referencing, need. Now, it’s time to show them that they aren’t wrong. To do that, you might want to consider starting with a punchy, unique opening that grabs the manager and hooks them.

Writing a good hook is especially true for creative positions and more informal companies. For example, you could write this: I am writing to apply for the position of Blah Blah at Blah Blah Company in response to the Blah Blah advertisement. I have a Blah Blah degree in Blah Blah and Blah Blah Blah. You could start with a splash, and write about contractions essays your passions and achievements. You could use humor and creativity. Since I was child, I always wanted to writing and referencing, be Indiana Jones. He was a great accessorizer.

The bullwhip, the leather jacket, the contractions essays, fedora. just perfect. After I arrived at and referencing the realization that I lack the physical capacity to avoid giant boulders, I became an Accessory Designer. Now, armed with my passion for aesthetics and functionality instead of a bullwhip, I have set out on write a lyrical analysis essay the adventure of applying for the position of Accessory Designer at your company. See? That’s exciting! Just remember that this type of writing, introduction may not be suitable for essay every type of and referencing, job or every company. When considering how to ross school for 2011, write your cover letter, choose a tone and style that reflects the values and culture of the company . You can also compromise between the two solutions.

Write an introduction that shows your enthusiasm and knowledge about the essay writing, company. I am excited to apply for the position of Marketing Manager at essay Pie in the Sky. The company has become a success story because your marketing team understands how the combination of writing, humor and digital marketing techniques sparks viral content and speaks to the Internet generation. As a creative person, I wish to use my writing skills and desire, knowledge of trends and humor to help Pie in the Sky continue to “wow” it’s audiences with superior content. The Hook - The Second and essay, Third Paragraphs. The second and third paragraphs, or the essayate phpbb, body of the cover letter, are where you give the hiring manager exactly what they want. What do they want?

They want you to show them how you are going to meet their needs and essay, solve their problems if they hire you. How do you know what they need? It’s all written in contractions, the job description. Every skill they list and trait they ask for writing is something they need. Business Essays? The best candidates know that the key to writing a great cover letter for a job application is to use keywords and phrases from the job description. Start by choosing two or three of your strongest skills and achievements that match the most crucial skills listed in the job offer . Essay And Referencing? Remember that you don’t want to regurgitate what you’ve put on your resume.

Next, you will want to fit these skills and achievements into the context of your previous, relevant work experience . Don’t worry it’s pretty simple. The first line should explain the basic details of your previous job: Where + Title + How Long. For the past three years, I have been working as a Chief Animal Wrangler for Perky Pets. The next few sentences go into the responsibilities, projects, or achievements you’d like to highlight as a part of your work. Here is write a lyrical, where you do the tailoring. Choose a few responsibilities that fit with what you will be doing at your new job. As Chief Animal Wrangler, I am responsible for essay training various types of animals for roles in blockbuster Hollywood films, as well as rehearsing with them and phpbb group, providing them with cues. Finally, add a few more lines explaining how everything you wrote will translate to writing and referencing, success in your new role. I have a reputation in essay named, the industry for handling some of the calmest, most well-behaved animals.

My inner sense of poise and self-confidence allows animals to and referencing, develop a strong bond and sense of trust with the human actors that they work with on set. Always try to use facts and figures to draw attention to essay, important information and to give the hiring manager a tangible sense of what you are capable of doing. Over the course of my employment with Perky Pets, there were zero incidents of the animals failing to meet the requirements of their roles. All of the essay, animals passed stress and health exams 100% of the time. The second and using in personal essays, third paragraphs are also where you may want to explain why you have decided to make a career change or why there is a gap in your work history. A successful cover letter will tell the essay, story that a resume can’t. Regardless, you will want to tailor the content to meet the needs of the recruiter.

The last paragraph or conclusion of the write a lyrical, best cover letters include a call to essay and referencing, action: Something like: “ Give me an interview! ” If you’ve done your job, this last bit doesn’t need to be fancy. At the same time, it is the last impression you will make on essayate 2003 phpbb the hiring manager. So don’t leave a bad taste in essay writing and referencing, their mouth. In Personal? Be confident and and referencing, enthusiastic. Just include the following information: Repeat why you will be a good fit for essayate 2003 phpbb the company and benefit them . Write that you will be looking forward to an interview and essay, will follow up with them in a given amount of essay, time. Include your phone number once again and when you can be contacted.

Thank them for their time and consideration. End your letter with “ Sincerely ” or “ Best ” and type your name. I feel that my 10+ years in and referencing, sales and customer service will allow me to help XYZ reach the ambitious sales targets set for the upcoming year. I look forward to discussing our opportunities at an interview. I will follow up within a week from now, and phpbb, I can be contacted any time during the essay writing, week at 419-564-6868. Thank you once again for essay your time and consideration. Best, Jane Smith. How to Write a Cover Letter When There's No Job Offer. Let’s say you want to send your resume and covering letter to a hiring manager when there is no official opening. The benefits of sending a resume directly to a hiring manager, especially if someone has referred you, are numerous.

While only 7% of the resumes hiring managers receive are thanks to writing and referencing, a referral, 40% of hires are made that way. There are some small differences that you will need to keep in mind when considering how to streetcar desire, write a cover letter for this particular situation. Personalization is even more important when you send a cover letter or resume directly to essay and referencing, a hiring manager. You will want to contractions essays, make sure in this case that you know the hiring manager’s name. Mention why you are so interested in writing, working for them. You’ve just sent your documents to a company that does not have an open position. Essay Of Blackmail? You must be enthusiastic about the company for some reason. Tell the hiring manager why.

You should make it clear to the hiring manager that you know their organization like the inside of your pocket. Show that your skills and experience will fit in with the long-term goals of the and referencing, business. End by explaining what you hope to get out of sending your resume to school, a hiring manager who doesn’t have a job to essay writing and referencing, fill. Perhaps you just want to know when the hiring manager will have a position available, and in personal essays, if they could keep your resume on essay file until then. Or maybe you’d like to speak to a lyrical analysis essay, someone about what it would be like to work there. Just come up with an explanation for sending an unsolicited resume to a hiring manager’s personal email address.

Finish by saying that you will contact that in a few weeks unless they contact you prior. Writing a good cover letter is still a necessary part of applying for a job. Some hiring managers may not take the time to read your cover letter. Yet, a compelling, well-written cover letter can impress a hiring manager who does. tailor your cover letter to the job offer use your cover letter to tell a story that your resume can’t address your cover letter directly to the hiring manager.

Taking the time to do these things could be the difference between getting called in for an interview or having your resume ignored. Do you have any questions about essay and referencing how to how to analysis, write a successful cover letter? If so, let me know in the comments and essay, I’d be happy to reply. Natalie is a writer at Uptowork. She loves writing about resumes and how to write a lyrical analysis, eating tacos more than life itself.

She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.

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Responding to non-native speakers of English. Most instructors encounter non-native speakers of English or ESL students (students with English as their second language) in their classes at one point or another. Writing. Although native speakers of English also have problems with writing, non-native speakers' problems can be quite different, and essay the approach taken by the instructor needs to essay writing and referencing, be different as well. The following list of essay of blackmail, ideas and suggestions will help you recognize and essay writing respond to the typical problems for ESL students. Some services are available on campus to help non-native speakers, but the writing critical appraisal essay majority of the improvement will need to come from and referencing comments made by the instructor. Although standards for grading must remain the same for native and non-native speakers in appraisal essay, a class, the instructor may need to and referencing, alter the approach of teaching and commenting slightly for the non-native speaker. Generally, instructors find non-native speakers' papers overwhelming because there are several issues that need to be addressed. It is sometimes difficult to determine if the student is simply a weak writer, or if too little time has been spent on the draft, or if the kinds of mistakes stem from a lack of knowledge and experience of U.S. Essay. academic writing standards.

While their American peers are usually satisfied and essay writing sufficiently directed with a few well-worded comments, most non-native speakers expect and critical essay need more extensive commenting. In fact, the role of the teacher in and referencing, most countries is to correct everything, so even the comments the American instructor gives may seem inadequate to many of the international students. Writing Critical Appraisal. Most ESL-trained teachers say that they take the following approaches with their students. Put more direct, instructive and extensive comments on papers, for example, You need a thesis statement at the beginning of this paper. The instructor might even find such a statement later in the paper and tell the student where the writing American audience would expect to find it.

Try to focus on the content and ignore the grammar at critical essay first, so you can determine what else needs work. If only one draft will be seen, put comments about both the grammar and the organization, but don't just correct the grammar. The exceptions are articles, prepositions, and word choice or idiomatic expressions, which need to be corrected because there are few rules or patterns or, as in the case of essay writing and referencing, articles, they are very complex in English. Try to put more marginal comments instead of just end or front comments. Even if the paper looks filled with comments, it will help the student to see comments at the place of concern.

Few non-native speakers have ever told me that they were overwhelmed when they saw all the comments. Many, however, have told me that the comments were too brief and using in personal not instructional enough. Remember that most non-native speakers have not had years of American-style writing instruction and need to have more direction. Make sure the assignment sheets spell out organizational expectations and guidelines. Non-native speakers often depend on essay and referencing, printed materials instead of their listening skills. In class, write more on the board than you might for an all native-speaker class.

It will help non-native speakers understand better and will reinforce what has been said in using essays, class discussions. (Often, non-native speakers have a hard time understanding their peers because of the essay writing and referencing students' poorly organized statements and the ESL students' poor listening skills.) Specific approaches to typical problems for non-native speakers. Recognizing grammar problems is so easy that it tends to mask the more serious problems of the ESL writer. Essay. It may also mask the good points of the paper and essay writing and referencing cause you to overlook the depth or insights presented in the paper. Writing grammar corrections all over a paper causes a student to focus only on ross essays for 2011, grammar and not realize that fixing the grammar may not significantly improve the other problems. Most ESL writers cannot focus on both grammar and development of ideas at the same time. They must first write their ideas and then edit for grammar. Possible alternative approaches: Comment on grammar only after the organization and content of the paper are reviewed, so you will avoid the trap of over-correcting the essay grammar and ignoring the content. Essay. Put a lot of written comments about organization and ideas and essay only circle grammar errors (if they are minor). Ask the essay streetcar named student to hand in essay writing and referencing, another draft for grammar comments after the writing ideas are more organized.

If there are some consistent problem areas (ignore article problems, since they are so complex in English), then correct or provide a rule for that area and ask the essay and referencing student to correct THAT mistake throughout the a lyrical analysis essay paper. An ESL specialist at Student Writing Support can help with article usage. Decide what is tolerable WRITING ACCENT—ideas are understandable though the paper still contains minor errors such as singular/plural agreement problems and article errors. Suggest that the student use Student Writing Support with a trained ESL specialist. Directed comments about what the student needs are usually most helpful. Try comments like, You need more explanation or another example here. Writing. Provide some examples of connective sentences for ESL writers. Some teachers will revise one or two paragraphs, providing the transitional words, phrases and sentences for the student so he or she can see good examples of our connective devices. (This will be a very hard concept for many ESL writers to learn and change because it takes time to change one's thinking process—especially if the student has been a successful writer in his or her own language.) Talk to the student about the differences in cultural styles and ask about his or her cultural expectations of writing. Some students will be unaware of these differences, but many are very insightful and will help you understand their background. Possibly the most difficult problem to for 2011, diagnose relates to the logical and essay writing thorough development of ideas as they relate to cultural training. What an American considers logical in an academic paper may not be logical in another culture.

Because of cultural training, some internationals will have trouble sticking to a thesis, narrowing a thesis sufficiently, or proving a thesis concretely enough for an American audience. Using Contractions In Personal Essays. You may find that the point is essay writing, difficult to find or understand because of the ross essays difference in essay writing, presentation. Of course, this is not true of every writer from other cultures. Some students have had a lot of appraisal, practice writing for an American audience, while others have simply translated styles as well as language. Comments on logical development should be abundant in a non-native speaker's papers. Many ESL students do not recognize that the American style is essay, very direct and very narrow (in comparison to in personal, their style). For example, look at the last paragraph of the essay writing last page to find a thesis in many Japanese writers' papers.

It is often stated quite clearly there, but you may have had to guess throughout the critical essay paper what the student has been trying to say or prove. For another example, many cultures admire the beauty of the language as much as the message. Essay. A South American may want to put too many flowery words into an academic paper and will often report that American writing is very boring. They may also appear to be straying from the initial thesis as the paper progresses. Many writers educated in other cultures have never been trained to write in a direct (or, as they say, blunt and colorless) style.

How another person's cultural style differs from an a lyrical, American's style is essay and referencing, new knowledge to many non-native writers, even very experienced ESL writers, and it takes practice to recognize and school essays for 2011 change the style to essay writing, fit an American academic audience. If you help the named desire student understand that an American audience often expects a thesis statement to come early in essay writing and referencing, academic writing, and that all other points would need to prove the thesis in of blackmail, a very direct way, it will help the student become a better writer for an American audience. (There is much discussion of late about whether to change the American audience's expectations or whether to make others change to fit our traditional style. I believe that ESL students should at least be aware of the variances in expectations within an American university setting.) Comments about logical development should, as much as possible, be formulated in clear, direct statements. Although there is writing, a place in critical essay, papers for comments given in and referencing, the form of questions, when it comes to thesis statements and logical development, questions like Does this belong here? can be more confusing than This statement would be clearer if stated at the beginning of the paragraph (for an American audience).

Help the students come up with an outline before writing the first draft. It is frustrating for students to spend a lot of time writing a paper just to writing appraisal essay, find out that they need to start over with a more narrow thesis. Some instructors will give the opportunity for any student to submit a plan (not a draft) via e-mail so they don't feel like they are singling out the ESL students. Others approach the weaker students (ESL included) and ask them to submit a plan. In some cultures, the more passionately a point is argued, the more it is believed. In others, personal experience would never constitute good evidence. In still others, quoting the masters is the most reliable evidence. In the U.S. academic setting, we highly value research statistics, personal experience or observation, and essay and referencing words of current authorities. Without these types of evidence, papers are considered weak.

Furthermore, logical reasoning is highly valued, but that reasoning is usually from an essay, American perspective and essay writing and referencing assumes knowledge of the counterarguments. Instead of assuming the how to a lyrical student has not done enough research, tell the student what type of evidence is essay writing and referencing, expected for an American audience and where to find that type of evidence. Encourage summarizing or paraphrasing instead of quoting long sections of authorities' ideas, being especially clear about why this is important in U.S. writing. Ask leading questions like, Why are they saying this?, or Why do YOU think. , thus giving them permission to writing critical appraisal, make inferences about the author's thoughts. Make it very clear to students that you expect them to essay and referencing, form an opinion about a piece instead of simply summarizing it. Make comments or give examples about how to connect personal opinion/viewpoints and using essays other sources. Writing And Referencing. Most internationals have not had a lot of practice with these connections. Teachers often report that their ESL writer has totally misunderstood the group intentions of the assignment.

Although listening and other language skills often enter into the misinterpretation of an assignment, there may be other factors. The assignment may include a lot of cultural or historical information that is essay, beyond the knowledge of the write a lyrical ESL student. Essay. For example, asking a student to write essay, analyze a certain event in U.S. history will probably be more difficult for a foreign student than for someone who has lived in the U.S. all his or her life. Students in first-year writing courses may have special difficulties because so many of the topics are approached from an American viewpoint. They may also lack knowledge of the audience's needs and expectations surrounding style, tone or background knowledge. Use the international students in the class as cultural (international) informants. Many American students could benefit from a wider world view of historical events. Invite the ESL student to your office hours to discuss assignment expectations.

Suggest that ESL students hand in essay and referencing, a preliminary draft so the teacher has a chance to discuss any misinterpretation problems before the assignment is due. Describe the audience and the needs of the a lyrical analysis audience. Plagiarism is often interpreted culturally. Define plagiarism clearly and thoroughly in your syllabus. Essay Writing. Don't assume all of your students will understand what it is. Be a suspicious reader—not with the intention of punishing the student, but with the how to write intention of addressing plagiarism before the student writes papers for another class and is reported for essay writing scholastic misconduct. (85% of all scholastic misconduct reports of plagiarism at the U of M are against ESL students.) Once plagiarism is suspected, have a frank one-to-one discussion of what constitutes plagiarism in essay, the U.S.

In most cases, give an opportunity to essay, rewrite a paper, unless it has been a thoroughly copied paper or other very blatant example of how to write, plagiarism. Student Writing Support is essay writing and referencing, prepared to spend extra time explaining the expectations of how to write analysis essay, documentation in an American university. Be prepared to spend time individually with students for explanations of the concepts presented in and referencing, a reading. Possibly, assess the readings more closely for cultural implications before assigning them. Does a reading assume too much mainstream cultural knowledge?

If so, maybe you can spend time individually with the student explaining the readings. If the ideas of the readings are discussed in of blackmail, class, try to essay writing and referencing, review what has been said at the end of the hour. Many ESL students can't pick up the main ideas from group a loose discussion-based class. Some instructors will allow the non-native speaker to take more time. Other instructors assure the student that they will be focusing on ideas and will mostly ignore grammar mistakes in timed writing. Hand out writing and referencing writing assignments early enough in the semester so the non-native speaker has ample planning, writing, and rewriting time. Although many instructors have learned by trial and error how to work with ESL students, grading is still a confusing task. How can you grade the ESL student fairly when the paper still has grammar errors?

No one approach is the RIGHT approach, but here is a collection of ideas that work for some instructors. Possible alternative approaches: One approach is to categorize what you are grading. Business School Essays For 2011. Try using a written or mental checklist that categorizes several areas such as organization, critical thought, narrowed thesis, and grammar with the heaviest weight of the grade being critical thought and organization. Less weight should be given to categories such as grammar and sentence structure. Essay. In this way, if the student has very good organization and ideas, he or she is given credit in those categories, but is graded down for sentence structure only in one area. This helps the student realize that the paper has several aspects that are worth looking at. Most teachers using this method will grade down only on areas that interfere with understanding of thoughts.

Minor problems such as subject-verb agreement, article usage, etc., are usually overlooked or viewed as tolerable writing accent. Another method is to grade primarily on content, but to circle types of errors on write a lyrical analysis, the final draft and ask the student to correct and hand in writing, a clean copy now that the ideas are clear (or at least graded). This ensures that the subject has not had someone else change the ideas along with the grammar, or if you expect the student to get help at all, that should be clearly stated. If you expect the students to have someone else fix their drafts before handing them in, then this should be clearly stated at the beginning of the semester. If this type of help is ross business school, seen as a form of plagiarism (another person doing work that should be done by the student) then this should also be clearly stated, but some consistency should be established for the whole class.

Some instructors prefer another method. And Referencing. Students hand in final drafts for a grade on the due date (which does not include any penalty from essayate 2003 phpbb grammar errors), but when the paper is handed back, the student may take the paper to a writing center and work with a tutor. The goal should not be a completely corrected draft, but a reasonably changed draft. If you expect an absolutely clean draft, you are forcing someone else to essay, simply go through the paper and correct it. The tutor can help the student in business essays, a few major areas instead of simply correcting the draft with the student. The corrected version does not change the grade, but is simply an additional step the student may take before receiving the grade.

In other words, an additional draft is required of the ESL student, but the student has not been penalized for grammar errors on the final draft. Writing And Referencing. (It also seems that the same strategy could be suggested for native speakers with poor grammatical or mechanical skills if you suggest it for the non-native speaker.) The worst possibilities are to correct the draft completely for the student, to ignore the grammar totally, or to pick out an area of insignificance for the student to work on. There needs to be a balanced approach when working with the named desire student. Coordinator, First-Year Writing (Non-Native Speaker Sections), Writing Studies.

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92Y Unit Supply Specialist Duty Descriptions. 92Y RECRUITING BN SUPPLY NCO. Serves as the Supply Noncommissioned Officer of the most geographically-dispersed recruiting battalion in USAREC, consisting of 6 time zones, 199 Soldiers, 27 DA Civilians, 4 contractors, 5 recruiting companies, 34 recruiting centers, a battalion headquarters elements, and 2 MEPS; responsible for the request, receipt, issue, and accountability of individual, organizational, installation, and expendable supplies and equipment; assists in property accountability, ensuring total accuracy; ensures critical assets were on essay writing hand or ordered; monitors all sensitive items and essay unit inventories; initiated Financial Liability Investigations of Property Loss (FLIPL); accounts for the health, personal welfare, and training of three Soldiers and writing and referencing directly responsible for $10 million worth of 2003, organizational equipment. 92Y3O - Signal Company. Supply Sergeant for a 42 Soldier Signal Company; responsible for and referencing maintaining Global Combat Support System-Army (GCSS-A), to include the ordering and reconciliation of group, all supplies and equipment; tracking of the unit logistics budget; monitoring the writing, pick-up and turn in of all equipment coming to and leaving the essay streetcar desire, unit; management and tracking of writing and referencing, transportation, ammunition, billeting, inventories, load plans, licensing, field preparation and return. Responsible for managing the Supply Discipline Program; schedules and performs preventive and organizational maintenance on communications equipment, controlled cryptographic items (CCI), weapons and other sensitive items; post transactions to property books and transaction files; initiates financial liability investigations of property loss (FLIPL). Supply Noncommissioned Officer. Serves as the Supply Noncommissioned Officer responsible for the request, receipt, issue, and accountability of individual, organizational, installation, and expendable supplies and equipment; assists in property accountability through the Property Book Unit Supply Enhanced (PBUSE) system, ensuring total accuracy; ensures critical assets were on hand or ordered; monitors all sensitive items and unit inventories; initiated Financial Liability Investigations of Property Loss (FLIPL); accounts for the health, personal welfare, and training of three Soldiers and directly responsible for $60 million worth of organizational equipment. Materiel Supply Sergeant. Serves as the BN's Materiel Supply Sergeant in a Special Forces Support Battalion prepared to deploy and conduct special operations throughout the appraisal essay, USCENTCOM AOR; responsible for maintaining 402 lines of Authorized Stockage List (ASL) valued in writing and referencing, excess of $636,000; specializes in unit level maintenance administrative data entry using the Standard Army Maintenance System Enhanced (SAMSE); provides logistical support to 21 customers throughout the Group; prepares daily, weekly, and critical essay monthly reports sent to higher headquarters; responsible for essay and referencing the health, welfare, training, and employment of three noncommissioned officers and two Soldiers. Brigade Supply NCO 92Y30.

Requests and receives property from PBO, upon receipt of equipment, inventories the items; issues out equipment on hand receipts; executes turn-in documents and turn-ins of unserviceable or excess property; prepares and maintains completed clothing records and OCIE records all soldiers listed on how to a lyrical analysis DA Form 1379; ensures Readiness NCO receives appropriate documentation for the monthly USR; maintains hand receipt files and essay and referencing related component listing. Senior logistics NCO of essay of blackmail, a Basic Combat Training brigade. Serves as the Brigade Property Book Non-Commissioned Officer in essay writing, Charge; Maintains span of control over seven subordinate battalions and a headquarters detachment spread over eight states; processes and resolves unit level property accounting issues on a daily basis; ensures property listings are accurate and commanders' hand receipts are updated monthly; coordinates logistical support for 2003 both Annual and Inactive Duty training ; supervises the logistical activities for the Brigade as logistical readiness NCO, command supply discipline NCO, and food service NCO. Performs duties involving supply requests, receipt, storage, issue, accountability and preservation of individual, organizational and installation equipment; assists to maintain automated supply system for accounting of organizational equipment and supplies; assists to maintains all administrative supply and essay writing and referencing supporting document files; responsible to issue, receive, ensure cleanliness, secure and control weapons / ammunition; plans, conducts and evaluates section training; Serves as alternate trainer of section subordinate. 92Y2O Unit Supply Sergeant. Serves as the Unit Supply Sergeant responsible for the request, receipt, issue, and accountability, of individual, organizational, installation, and expendable supplies and equipment; operates unit level computer (ULC); schedules and performs preventive and organizational maintenance on essay weapons and other sensitive items; post transactions to and referencing property books and transaction files; initiates financial liability investigations of property loss (FLIPL); responsible for $4.7 million worth of organizational and desire theater provided equipment; responsible for the training and personal welfare of one Soldier. 92Y3O Supply Sergeant. Serves as the Supply Sergeant for A Company, 3/1 STB, 1st Armored Division; responsible for managing the Supply Discipline Program; receives, inspects, inventories, stores, issues, delivers and turns-in supplies and essay and referencing equipment; assisted in property accountability through the PBUSE system ensuring total accuracy; ensures critical assests are on hand or ordered; monitors all sensitive items and unit inventories; secures and controls all sensitive items including weapons and ammunition; responsible for the accounting of $7,000,000.00 worth of property book equipment. Senior Supply Sergeant. Write! Senior Supply Sergeant for an Infantry Brigade Combat Team in Zabul, Afghanistan; directs, coordinates, supervises, trains, and and referencing synchronizes the essay named, work of the S4 section to essay writing and referencing ensure efficient and prompt actions; assists S4 in all aspects of logistics support to the BCT; works directly with the BCT subordinate supply sergeants; coordinates with Higher HQs, Corps Support Elements, Civilian Authorities and essayate phpbb Civilian Contractors to ensure logistical, movement and essay and referencing life-support to the BCT; supports the S4's situational understanding by providing accurate and up-to-date information on the logistics posture of the BCT; serves as full-time BCT Senior Supply Sergeant.

92Y30 Training Support Bn S4/HHD SUPPLY NCOIC (TDA) Maintains property accountability under automated PropertyBook System; assists in the development of equipment requirements and reports; coordinates with supply activities; reviews and annotates changes to unit material condition status report; posts transactions to organizational property books and critical appraisal supporting transaction files; manages and accounts for Organizational Clothing and Individual Equipment; determines method of obtaining relief from responsibility for lost, damaged, and destroyed equipment; maintains personal clothing records. Regimental Rear Detachment Accounting NCO. Writing And Referencing! Serves as the writing appraisal, Regimental Rear Detachment Accounting NCO supporting operations of a garrison and forward deployed Armored Cavalry Regiment; responsible for coordination and movement of and referencing, property within 3d ACR rear detachment; responsible for processing all incoming and for 2011 outgoing property transactions; ensures the Regimental property book is maintained and inventories are conducted as required; advises five Commanders on all concerns related to essay and referencing property accountability; responsible for managing 27 hand recepts valued in excess of essays, 70 million dollars; postured the essay writing and referencing, Regiment for conversion to Stryker upon desire, redeployment from Operation New Dawn. Essay Writing! Supply Sergeant for Headquarters and Headquarters Company. Supply Sergeant for Headquarters and Headquarters Company in critical essay, a multi-functional logistics battalion consisting of over writing 400 personnel. Responsible for providing supply and logistical support to the 4th Special Troops Battalion and 4th Sustainment Brigade. Responsible for providing property guidance to essay the Company Commander. Responsible for the health, safety, welfare, and morale of one NCO and two junior enlisted Soldiers. Writing! Responsible for the care, maintenance, and using in personal accountability of the Company Commander's property valued in excess of $25 million. Essay! Senior Logistic Advisor. served as the senior logistic advisor in the Brigade; responsible for functional expertise in the areas of logistic, supply management, property book management, movement control, plan, coordinate, monitor, and execute logistics preparation, sustainment, and battle tracking for all operations; budget analyst; lead, train, care for and supervise a 12 Soldier section to provide and sustain combat service support of the HQs and two subordinate engineer battalions with GWOT and Pacific Rim contingency mission requirements. Brigade S4 SGM for 130th combat theater engineer brigade, assigned to the 8th Theater Sustainment Command and US Army Pacific (USARPAC); served as the senior logistic advisor in the Brigade; responsible for functional expertise in the areas of logistic, supply management, property book management, movement control, plan, coordinate, monitor, and execute logistics preparation, sustainment, and battle tracking for all operations; budget analyst; lead, train, care for and supervise a 12 Soldier section to streetcar named provide and sustain combat service support of the HQs and two subordinate engineer battalions with GWOT and Pacific Rim contingency mission requirements.

Performs duties involving supply requests, receipt, storage, issue, accountability and preservation of essay, individual, organizational and ross business for 2011 installation equipment; Assists to maintain automated supply system for accounting of organizational equipment and supplies; Assists to maintains all administrative supply and supporting document files; Responsible to issue, receive, ensure cleanliness, secure and control weapons / ammunition; Plans, conducts and evaluates section training; Serves as alternate trainer of section subordinate. 92Y40 G3 Senior Supply Sergeant. G3 Senior Supply Sergeant of a heavy corps brigade-size personnel group with three battalions and three company size units; assists in managing a budget of 927 thousand dollars and over 7 million dollars worth of MTOE and CTA equipment; supervises three soldiers; oversees implementation of and referencing, Group's supply accountability program; manages and controls real property and GSA vehicles. 92Y Company Supply Sergeant. Serves as Company Supply Sergeant in a Forward Support Company in support of the 159th Combat Aviation Brigade of the essay, 101st Airborne Division (AASLT); managed over essay writing $6 million worth of organizational and installation property; monitors and maintains a $10,000 IMPAC Card Budget within the battalion monthly limit; requests, receives and processes equipment for issue and turn-in; assists in conducting request and write analysis delivery of all classes of supply; responsible for the supervision, training, morale and welfare of three Soldiers; ensures proper care and maintenance of one LMTV and trailer. 92Y Supply Sergeant. Supply Sergeant for writing 53 cadre and 300 Advanced Individual Training (AIT) Soldiers in essay streetcar desire, United States Field Artillery School; responsible for directing personnel in establishing supply and inventory management functions;maintained Property book Unit Supply Enhancement (PBUSE), reviewed daily and and referencing monthly records of office and school supplies; maintained equipment valued at over $XXXX. 92Y20, Assistant Battalion S4 NCOIC.

Serves as BN S4 Assistant NCOIC for a PATRIOT Battalion with a worldwide contingency mission; responsible for the health, training, morale and professional development of one Noncommissioned Officer and three Soldiers; responsible for resourcing and ross school essays managing the Battalion logistics operations during a field and garrison enviroment; responsible for the accountability and serviceability of two five ton vehicles (M923A2), one HMWVV (M1037), a trailer, one 10K generator and various office automation equipment valued in excess of essay, $400,000. 92Y40 BCT, Brigade Property Book NCOIC. Serves as the X/XX BCT, Brigade Property Book Non-Commissioned Officer in Charge; supports seven battalions 19 MITT teams for an Organizational Property Book worth over 2 billion dollars; responsible for essay requisition, distribution and accountability of and referencing, equipment for the SBCT; oversees transactions and communicates consistently with Theater Provided Equipment (TPE); responsible for the welfare, and training of three soldiers; processes and resolves unit level property accounting issues on a daily basis; ensures property listings are accurate and commanders hand receipts are updated monthly. 92YX0 Supply NCO, Military Transition Team. Performs duties as a Supply NCO for a Military Transition Team; coordinates and maintains all supply records for all Soldiers; ensures proper issue and turn-in of all mission essential items; supervises operations of CBRN and Armsroom; ensures proper coordination and accountability with the contractions in personal, Property Book Office (PBO); maintains the battery supply account; maintains accountability of over eight million dollars worth of equipment; Coordinates all logistical support for Military Transition Team and writing Provincial Reconstruction Team. 92Y40 Brigade Supply Sergeant. Serves as Brigade Supply Sergeant and Logistics NCOIC for a lyrical analysis essay the US Army's Iraqi Border Police (IBP) Brigade Border Transition Team (BTT). Advises and trains the Iraqi Brigade Supply NCO and staff on critical supply issues. Develops and implements the IBP Brigade's Command Supply Discipline Program. Responsible for the receipt, storage, and writing and referencing issue of all IBP equipment (both military and civilian) valued in excess of $5.5M. Serves as BTT Supply Sergeant for all internal team equipment valued in excess of $300K.

92Y Supply Sergeant. Serves as Supply Sergeant, responsible for 2003 group over $2M worth of critical unit property and the supervision of 24 personnel. Ensures all readiness requirements are planned for; directs subordinate personnel in performing assigned functions; coordinates preparation of unit movement plans, load plans, and Automated Unit Equipment List reports; schedules and ensures preventative maintenance on all weapons systems; ensures subordinate personnel receive training necessary for writing professional development. 92Y20 Unit Supply Specialist. Monitors the Supply Discipline Program of the essay, company; monitors unit sensitive items, change of command, annual, and other inventories; maintains the unit property book; receives, inspects, and inventories organizational supplies and equipment as required; secures and controls all sensitive items including weapons and ammunition; maintains individual clothing and OCIE inventories and records for essay writing the unit; prepares and submits ULLS-S4 computer input data and reports.

Reviews document registers quarterly and prepare quarterly reconcilliation for USPFO SAARS review; manages BDE hand receipts to eliminate excess property and submit requisitions for shortages; files and named maintains all printouts and essay writing and referencing records received from MACOMs and USPFO. A general, all-inclusive duty description. Remove information to make it fit. Assigns duties, instructs, and supervises subordinates in proper work techniques and procedures. Plans and analyzes operational data and reports to ascertain degree of conformity with established policies, work standards, and procedural directives. Supervises preparation of materiel control and accounting input for data processing and reviews output documents. Inspects and business school for 2011 evaluates inventory management activities. Directs supply personnel in establishment and writing maintenance of supply and inventory control management functions.

Analyzes statistical data to determine effectiveness of technical edit. Reconciles problems in automated supply accounting system. Computes, establishes, and directs modification to authorized stock levels. Plans and organizes receipt, issue, salvage and phpbb maintenance of essay, records for writing critical essay all classes of supply except Class III (Buick), Class V and Class VIII. Ensures compliance with current regulations and writing directives pertaining to financial inventory, accounting, and stock funding. Determines current and projected repair requirements. Directs lateral redistribution of stock.

Performs supervisory duties shown in preceding levels of skill. Prepares and updates warehouse planigraphies. Conducts inspection of activities to ensure compliance with standards of serviceability, reclamation, salvage, and disposal procedures. Conducts warehousing surveillance and inspections. Prepares reports on essay of blackmail personnel and writing equipment availability, storage space, relocation of writing essay, materiel, and warehouse denials. Serves as warehouse foreman, chief accountant, store managers, or commissary officer.

Interviews, hires and dismisses employees in and referencing, accordance with COP and commissary regulations. Establishes issue schedules and procedures.

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essay englishness ‘Englishness’ has been a popular term for essay the past decade. Essay Of Blackmail? A look into writing, any publisher’s catalogue will immediately discover a wide variety of of blackmail, titles dedicated to the topic of English national identity. These can be very specific such as, for essay example, The Politics of essay streetcar named desire, Englishness , The Englishness of essay and referencing, English Dress , or Landscape and essay streetcar, Englishness , or tend towards the more general, all-encompassing, such as Englishness Identified or, quite simply, Englishness (i) . Add to this the essay almost overwhelming number of books dedicated to England and things English ranging, to name but a few, from Watching the English and England: an Elegy to Identity of essay, England , An Imaginary England , Real England or Eating for England and one would be forgiven to essay writing think that everything there is to know about England, the English and analysis, Englishness has been covered, written and analysed (ii). Still, new titles keep arriving; and essay and referencing, still, the answer to 2003 the question ‘what does it mean, in the twenty-first century, to be English’ has proven elusive. This, of course, immediately gives rise to yet another question: is it actually possible, or even desirable, to find a definite answer to ‘the English question’? Should a term such as ‘Englishness’ indicate something definite or finite, or is it rather its fluidity, its changeability, that makes it such an intriguing concept?

The following essay does by no means attempt to find an answer to the above question. Instead, it sets out to show how one contemporary novelist tackles issues of national identity and belonging by setting up his readers’ expectations only to then challenge and essay and referencing, subvert them. Julian Barnes’ Booker-prize short-listed novel England England of 1998 is a playful, almost irreverent deconstruction of preconceived and traditional ideas about school for 2011, national identity (iii). The novel is structured into three parts that follow the life of its main protagonist, Martha Cochrane, as she first recounts her early childhood memories; then her rise and fall as manager of the theme park England England , a ‘reconstruction’ of essay and referencing, England in the Isle of Wight; and finally her old age in a forgotten corner of old England called ‘Anglia’. While the beginning and contractions, concluding part of the novel are realist in their narrative tone, the essay writing and referencing middle and longest part of the novel is postmodern in that it blends a variety of techniques and philosophical ideas. My essay will firstly focus on Barnes’ use some might call it over-indulgent use of the narrative device of the list; it will then look at essay the novel’s technique and conclude that that in itself resembles a list with the result that Barnes seems to be satirising his own novel. The narrative device of ‘the list’, and here in particular its use in attempts to define and explain national identity, deserves some elaboration. When all else fails, a simple listing of things, events and people one associates with a particular country can be offered in place of a proper definition.

Dominic Head has pointed out the “empirical habit of cultural commentators who resort to essay lists of things that might define that national character by drawing together its disparate elements” (iv).The list of writers and cultural commentators who have made use of such lists is long and eclectic, ranging from essay of blackmail John Betjeman, who famously conjured up “the Church of England, eccentric incumbents, oil-lit churches, Women’s Institutes, modest village inns, arguments about cow parsley on the altar, the noise of mowing machines on Saturday afternoons [] branch-line trains, light railways, leaning on gates and looking across fields” (v), and George Orwell, whose image of writing, “old maids biking to Holy Communion through the mists of the autumn morning” (vi) has since been appropriated for nostalgic evocations of England’s past greatness, most famously by John Major in of blackmail the 1990s; to writing and referencing otherwise seemingly more forward-looking and contractions essays, cynical commentators such as Jeremy Paxman who, in writing 1998, compiled a list of things English containing “village cricket and a lyrical, Elgar [] punk, street fashion, irony, vigorous politics, brass bands, Shakespeare, Cumberland sausages, double-decker buses, Vaughan Williams, Donne and Dickens, twitching net curtains, breast-obsession, quizzes and crosswords []” (vii). Essay Writing? Paxman’s list is particularly interesting as it departs, in write analysis some respects, from the ‘typical’ list of Englishness that often focuses on purely rural England see, for example, Betjeman’s focus on villages and rural churches. Paxman not only combines the rural with the writing urban, but also offers an of blackmail, intriguing blend of objects, places, names and attitudes that shows just how much and how many different aspects there are to Englishness. The internet has recently also proven to essay and referencing be a valuable research tool on Englishness as a plethora of websites dedicated to debating Englishness have sprung up. Prominent among these are the Open Democracy Net’s ‘Our Kingdom’ section that is dedicated, as a blog space, to the “future of the United Kingdom” (viii), and essay of blackmail, the “Icons” site which, in its own words, tries to offer “a portrait of England” (ix). Aim of the Icons website is to offer its users a list of markers of Englishness but to allow its users to vote them either ‘in’ or ‘out’. As such, the Icons website is not as prescriptive as the above selective lists but offers more active involvement by writing individuals, who can also ‘nominate’ new icons for general vote. Of particular interest in this context is the website “What England Means to Me” which offers an writing appraisal essay, ongoing debate and dialogue and attempts to compile a “Domesday Book” of contemporary feelings, opinions and attitudes about Englishness (x). Its contributors come from very diverse backgrounds and, importantly, are by no means all English. “What England Means to Me” brings together political commentators, practicing politicians, academics, socialist activists, farmers and many more, and, looking through the entries, what stands out most is the diversity of them which clearly shows that ‘Englishness’ is writing and referencing a term difficult to essay pinpoint, and of immense subjective meaning and importance. However, I would like to focus on the following two entries. The Conservative MP John Redwood, for example, depicts England as.

a summer’s day by essay writing and referencing a river in essay a wooded valley, an afternoon on writing and referencing the cricket field, strawberries at of blackmail Wimbledon, and essay writing, well kept gardens in leafy suburbs. It is seeing Shakespeare enacted at the Globe, hearing William Byrd and Handel. Writing Critical? It is a way of life and a way of thinking. At their best Englishmen and women believe in fair play, freedom and tolerance (xii). Scilla Cullen, the essay and referencing Chairwoman of the Campaign for an English Parliament, finds that. England is a country of local loyalties and identities, villages where people look after one another, pubs that you can walk into of blackmail, and strike up a conversation, pub gossip; the unique change ringing of our church bells and writing, the church as the focal point of a community, less so nowadays unhappily. Clichés such as the critical essay sound of wood on leather on a lazy summer’s afternoon are just as evocative whether or not they are clichés. England means quiet country lanes and and referencing, villages and that green and pleasant land; a connection with the soil and the farming community; food production, the basis of writing critical, life (xii). These are, clearly, two very patriotic statements; and also two statements with considerable political spin: by listing certain things that Redwood and Cullen consider to be particularly English cricket, strawberries and cream, pretty, suburban gardens, the green and pleasant land they try to essay create a sense of community among their readers, or dare one say a sense of complicity down the line of writing critical appraisal, ‘Englishmen and women will know what I mean’.

Althouth this might, indeed, be what the essay and referencing terms ‘England’ and ‘Englishness’ conjure up for the two, their choice is extremely selective, tapping into stereotypical, and, potentially, outmoded or at best socially exclusive clichés of 2003 phpbb group, Englishness that, inevitably, exclude the majority of readers. Entries such as the ones above, despite their upper-middle-class and somewhat wistful and backwards-looking, not to say reactionary, take on Englishness, can be linked to the theoretical concept of lieux de mémoire put forward by writing and referencing the French historian Pierre Nora (xiii). Using Contractions In Personal? Nora differentiates “sites of memory” into environments milieux and places lieux of memory. For him, history is a construct that presents selective forms of the past. ‘Memory’, by contrast, can be changed and manipulated and is consequently more active. In this respect, Nora’s milieux de mémoire are also devolving: they are the spheres in which we not only live but engage with the past. But to return to the idea of icons of nationhood: these can be seen as Nora’s lieux de mémoire , static, fixed sites of memory, for examples places, pieces of literature, certain persons or landscapes but always a gateway to the past and to memory. All the previously mentioned lists are, of course, nothing but a manifestation of Nora’s concept of lieux de mémoire and it is important to see that it is selective and suggestive lists such as these that form the backbone to discussions and essay and referencing, writing on national identity.

If we link Nora’s lieux de mémoire to using contractions in personal essays Benedict Anderson’s concept of nations as imagined communities, then we can see that, for reasons of political spin (not to say power) certain images of a nation are repeatedly conjured up presumably by essay writing and referencing those in power to create a sense of belonging, and a sense of community. Anderson sees nations as “cultural artefacts of a particular kind”, one that requires the willing participation of everybody concerned, to critical appraisal imagine the nation as “a community” (xiv) and the repeated use of certain images certainly could be seen to help that process along. However, it is also important to realise that it could be abused for political gain and spin. Randall Stephenson has pointed out that “a nation’s sense of writing and referencing, identity is inevitably entangled with images it has to adopt in presenting itself to the outside world” (xv), a comment that points at another issue: that there is often a difference between how a nation sees itself, and appraisal, how it is perceived by writing and referencing others. Crucially, Stephenson suggests that nations then often perpetuate and re-enforce the image others have in order to keep a certain standing in the world or, on a more practical level, to using contractions essays maintain foreign interest and attract tourists.

This is essay writing where Barnes’ novel England England comes in as it is a lampooning of the contemporary tourist industry that can also be read as an ironic construct around the notion of ‘lists of Englishness’ or lieux de mémoire to critical appraisal such an extent that it turns it into a self-conscious list of and referencing, lists. On a personal level, the novel starts with the figure of Martha Cochrane and her attempts to find a sense of national identity as a child: her earliest memory, she claims, is of “sitting on the kitchen floor and there, spread out was her Counties of England jigsaw puzzle” ( EE , 4). Martha’s attempts to piece together her jigsaw are symbolic of 2003 phpbb group, trying to find her own sense of self and, quite literally, her place within her country. The novel’s cover illustration jigsaw pieces showing the South of England is indicative of this slow process of building a sense of self and belonging. Once a piece of the jigsaw goes missing and essay, with ‘Nottinghamshire’ it is a substantial and, crucially, a very central piece Martha’s developing sense of national identity is disrupted and she appears forever searching, not just for the missing piece but also for her own sense of self. At school, Martha and the other children are conditioned into a prescribed notion of essayate phpbb, Englishness encompassed in the historical dates they are required to learn off by heart and repeat to rhythmic clapping: 55BC (clap clap) Roman Invasion. 1066 (clap clap) Battle of writing, Hastings.

1215 (clap clap) Magna Carta. 1512 (clap clap) Henry the Eight (clap clap) Defender of Faith (clap clap) culminating in ‘1940 (clap clap) Battle of Britain / 1973 (clap clap) Treaty of Rome’ ( EE , 11). This list of ‘important’ historical dates is, like the previously mentioned clichéd stereotypes of Englishness, highly selective, only conveying a sense of a triumphant Englishness that does not leave any space for doubts regarding the supremacy of the nation. In addition, the rhythmical clapping the children have to provide does not allow them time for reflection or, heaven forbid, questioning of the dates and events they are ordered to absorb. Effectively, they are thus turned into using in personal essays, little, patriotic automata. It can be argued that Barnes satirises this ‘conditioning’ when, over almost two pages, he lists the various categories that can be found at an Agricultural Fair, ranging from “Three Carrots long, Three Carrots short, Three Turnips any variety, Five Potatoes long, Five Potatoes round” and essay writing, “Six Eschalots, large red, Six Eschalots, small red, Six Eschalots, large white, Six Eschalots, small white” to such delectable things as “Collection of critical appraisal, Vegetable.

Six distinct kinds. Cauliflowers, if included, must be shown on stalks” and “Tray of vegetables. Essay Writing? Tray may be dressed, but only parsley may be used”, taking in ross livestock and writing and referencing, condiments, to eventually culminate in the dazzling and fragrant display of “Three Dahlias, decorative, over 8’’ in three vases, Three Dahlias, decorative, 6’’8’’ in one vase, Four Dahlias, decorative, 3’’6’’ in one vase” and so on how to essay ( EE , 89). An extensive list such as this so early on in the essay writing novel does several things. First of all, it once again reflects Martha’s own childish sense of insecurity, or rather her relief at the believed security these lists seemingly set in stone appear to how to write a lyrical analysis convey: “there was something about the lists their calm organisation and their completeness which satisfied her” ( EE , 9).

Martha seems to feel that only and referencing if things have been properly labelled and pigeon-holed do they achieve a sense of proper being: “She felt as if the items laid out essay, before them could not truly exist until she had named and categorised them” ( EE , 9). But the and referencing passage has a deeper meaning for the novel as a whole as it points at the constructedness of everything: Country Fairs are organised, as the list shows, in an almost regimented manner; Country Fairs, as any tourist brochure of rural areas will confirm, are also representative of using contractions in personal, a quintessential Englishness, a fact explored in Iain Aitch’s tongue-in-cheek A Fête Worse than Death which promises, in its blurb, yet another “hilarious insight into what it is to be English in essay and referencing the twenty-first century.” (xvi) Barnes’ novel thus shows very early on that ‘Englishness’ is built around rigid pointers of national identity that are themselves artificially constructed and that can, as in the case of artificially arranged vegetables, be taken to extremes. And this notion of the essay nation as an artificial construct is considerably elaborated on in the rest of the novel. The personal level of national identity construction is further pursued in the figure of essay and referencing, Sir Jack Pitman, the founder of the theme park England, England. Here, too, lists play an important part: Sir Jack is described not simply as a business tycoon, but as an “entrepreneur, innovator, ideas man, arts patron, inner-city revitaliser” ( EE , 29), every new title further emphasising his importance. However, as he is a self-made, or, in his case more specifically a ‘self-styled’ man, the list of nouns describing his standing rather gives rise to doubt: why a list of words, where a single one might have sufficed? This might have to do with Sir Jack’s origins which are described as somewhat dubious (xvii) and which might also explain the essayate phpbb group fact that he always tries his utmost to appear as the stereotypical, upper-class English male, be it in the choice of apparel when going on a country walk clad in yet another form of a list a ‘tweed deerstalker, hunter’s jacket, cavalry twills, gaiters, hand-crafted doe-skin boots and essay writing, fell-walker’s stave. Writing Critical Appraisal Essay? All made in England, of and referencing, course: Sir Jack was a patriot’ ( EE , 42) or in his taste in essayate 2003 braces: ‘He pulled on his after-lunch cigar and essay, snapped his MCC braces: red and yellow, ketchup and egg-yolk. He was not a member of the MCC, and his brace-maker knew better than to essay streetcar named desire ask. For that matter, he had not been to Eton, served in the Guards or been accepted by the Garrick Club; yet he owned the braces which implied as much’ ( EE , 30). While Sir Jack considers his own behaviour as that of ‘a rebel at heart A bit of a maverick.

A man who bends his knee to no-one. Yet a patriot at heart’ ( EE , 30), it could also be read as the essay writing and referencing insecure casting around for a recognised identity, for a sense of belonging of the potential outsider, be it the how to write analysis social outsider in class terms, or the outsider in terms of national origin. Writing? This is a case of literal self-fashioning according to essayate national stereotypes and could be seen, in the words of Aileen Ribeiro, as “a defiant buying into nationality through clothing.” (xviii) Whether or not this ‘buying’ into English national identity is successful is a different matter; but the fact that a “couple of young hikers” start snickering when seeing him in his walking outfit seems to essay and referencing query it altogether ( EE , 42). Lists also play an important role in the actual conception and construction of the theme park England, England. Essay Streetcar Desire? One of the first lists the reader is confronted with focuses on the search for an island location for writing the planned theme park: ‘if we are seeking to offer the essay of blackmail thing itself , we in turn must go in search of essay, a precious whatsit set in a silver doodah’. ‘The Scillies?’ ‘The Channel Islands?’ ‘Lundy Island?’ Anglesey was out. The Isle of Man? ‘There,’ he said, and his curled fist came down like a passport stamp. ‘ There .’ ‘The Isle of ross school, Wight,’ they answered in straggly unison ( EE , 612) . Barnes thus provides a clever geographical frame that works its way around the essay and referencing English coast island by island and that picks up on the image of the essay Counties of England jigsaw in the first part. Every island is systematically worked through and assessed for its suitability. The lists also consider “proper English foodstuffs” to essay and referencing serve in the park, approved by the “Gastronomic Sub-Committee”and ranging from “Roast Beef of essay streetcar, Old England [] Yorkshire Pudding, Lancashire hotpot, Sussex pond pudding, Coventry isgodcakes, Aylesbury duckling, Brown Windsor Soup, Devonshire splits, Melton Mowbray pie [and] Bedfordshire clangers” to the probably less known and more regional “Hindle Wakes, stargazey pie, wow-wow sauce [] fat rascals, Bosworth jumbles, moggy and parkin” ( EE , 901). Essay? That the reputation of English food in the world is not the best is not a secret; certainly not since French President Chirac’s diatribe against it (xix).

The attempt to sell the best of English cuisine to the visiting tourist is consequently understandable. But even in this seemingly innocent line-up of English delicacies there is political spin: traditional dishes such as faggots and fairy cakes are omitted “in case they offended the essay desire pink dollar”, spotted dick is renamed “spotted dog” but still discarded from the list, “toad-in-the hole” and writing and referencing, “cock-a-leekie” rejected outright ( EE , 901). Using? In the planned theme park of England, England, not even food is taken for what it really is essay writing food but it is imbibed with an alleged political message. Essay Of Blackmail? Political correctness taken a step to far. The notion of lists culminates in writing Sir Jack’s market research into clichés of Englishness. “Potential purchasers of Quality Leisure in twenty-five countries had been asked to list six characteristics, virtues or quintessences which the word England suggested to them” ( EE , 83).

The result is the so-called “Fifty Quintessences of Englishness” that include predictable markers of identity such as the Royal Family, the Houses of Parliament, the White Cliffs of Dover and Thatched Cottages, pubs and cups of tea, but also such unexpected and negative ones as hypocrisy, perfidy, whingeing, emotional frigidity, flagellation, and essayate 2003 phpbb, bad underwear ( EE , 8385). While Barnes’ list of Englishness is very amusing and, potentially, very enlightening, it once again hints at essay writing an unsavoury truth: who does, in fact, decide what IS and ISN’T a marker of national identity? Sir Jack’s reaction when going through the write analysis essay list is essay telling: ‘Sir Jack prodded a forefinger down Jeff’s list again, and essayate, his loyal growl intensified with each item he’d crossed off. This wasn’t a poll, it was barefaced character assassination. Who the fuck did they think they were, going around saying things like that about England? His England. What did they know?’ ( EE , 86). By crossing things off the list, Sir Jack immediately designates himself as the writing and referencing ‘Creator’ of the new ‘country’ of England, England and shows that the choice of 2003 phpbb, markers of national identity is, by force, subjective and selective. Essay? He does, consequently, not re construct England, but simply constructs a very personal version of it. Essays? (xx) The result is frightening.

The Isle of Wight quickly loses all sense of identity and is being turned into an England in Miniature an ironic stab by Barnes at the island itself that has, over the years, repeatedly marketed itself as just that, an England in miniature. Natural features are blotted out essay and referencing, or bulldozed over, to ross essays be replaced by copies of the and referencing originals that can be found but suddenly lose their interest all over school for 2011 England. The theme park with its method actors that buy whole-heartedly into the ideology of the project soon surpasses the essay writing original and England herself sinks into ignominy. Barnes’ novel thus perfectly applies Baudrillard’s three stages of postmodernity: it starts with the simulation the building of the appraisal theme park which leads to a blurring and finally implosion of the boundaries between reality and the simulated. Essay Writing And Referencing? The original world i.e.

England herself is replaced by the simulation which leads to a hyperreality. The warning signs for this come very early in the novel when Sir Jack who assumes almost god-like characteristics grand-eloquently warns his employees that ‘I could have you replaced with substitutes, with simulacra quickly’ ( EE , 31). The novel thus, in the words of Frederick Holmes, “deconstructs the very concept of authenticity, showing how it is group inextricably mixed with and dependent upon inauthenticity” (xxi) which is a more positive reading of England England than Matthew Pateman’s comment that England England is all about “the quotation of essay writing, history, of people, of places, of things.” (xxii). Pateman, incidentally, flatly condemns England England for the similarities, both structurally and content-wise, it bears to Barnes’ preceding work: “What was perhaps [] surprising, from an author whose work had previously seemed so fresh and new, was the a lyrical analysis essay extent to which the novel also seemed to rehearse ideas and writing and referencing, themes already encountered in a lyrical essay previous of essay, his novels in a fashion that was also very similar to earlier treatments.” (xxiii) He elaborates that England England employs a similar structure as Metroland or Staring at the Sun , and that Barnes reiterates content from earlier novels, such as A History of the World in 10 ½ Chapters which he sees reflected in Martha’s “Brief History of Sexuality”. (xxiv) This leads him to suggest that Barnes is “himself deploying the strategies of school essays, simulacra, inauthenticity, and fake in order to tell a story of simulacra, inauthenticity, and fake.” (xxv) While Pateman considers this an unsuccessful experiment, I would like to essay writing argue that it is one that is perfectly in keeping with Barnes’ use of the list. His use of lists quite simply exceeds mere lists depicting national identity. The self-referentiality to critical appraisal his own work, plus the use of a wide variety of techniques such as parody and writing and referencing, pastiche, the switch in essayate 2003 phpbb group narrative mode from realism in the first and essay writing and referencing, last section, to postmodern experiment in the second, as well as the recreation of a pastoral elegy in using contractions essays the final part show Barnes’ conscious engagement with the essay idea of simulation. While the idea of national identity and its artificial construction and perpetuation clearly stand at the foreground of England England , the whole novel in itself turns into a very clever ‘list’ in its own right. To conclude, I would like to come back full circle and ross school, refer you back to the website of What England Means to writing and referencing Me where Gareth Young, one of the editors, wrote: The England of the mind’s eye, that England that exists in our imaginations, is a schizophrenic construction drawn from write analysis often conflicting ideas of England. There is the Romantic’s England, that of the essay writing and referencing bucolic shire, the pastoral idyll of stone cottages, winding lanes, parish churches, hedgerows and patchwork fields; there is the Nationalist’s England of Imperial institutions like Monarchy, Parliament, Civil Service, Military, and essay of blackmail, then; there is the Idealist’s England, the essay writing idea of streetcar, England itself, Habeas Corpus, Freedom of thought and expression, Individualism, Tolerance, Democracy.

All too often these imaginings contrast with the reality of England, a place in which we not only fail to build a new Jerusalem but seem to move ever farther from the England of our mind’s eye. Writing And Referencing? (xxvi) Barnes’ novel plays with these notions of various ‘schizophrenic construction[s] drawn from often conflicting ideas of England’. He uses traditional and analysis, acknowledged rightly or wrongly icons of Englishness and deconstruct them for his own means. By building his novel around different lists of Englishness, he not only ridicules this idea in the first place in essay and referencing fact, Aileen Ribeiro writes that ‘perhaps the making of such lists (‘listism’?) is a peculiarly English idiosyncrasy?’ (xxvii) but also shows up those lists precisely for what they are: artificial constructs that, maybe, help to convey a few stereotypes of the nation but are not more than that, and should be recognised for all their shortcomings. And those shorcomings are clear to essays for 2011 see: most of the markers of Englishness compiled in the “50 Quintessences” are traditional, backward-looking, and nostalgic.

The theme park of England England does thus not provide a version of a contemporary England in miniature, but rather one of an England of essay writing, times gone by, and thus potentially a mythical version of England. As Nick Bentley has pointed out, England England is devoid of “any sense of using in personal, a future England.” (xxviii) Barnes consequently highlights the essay shortcomings of the tourism and especially the so-called heritage industry that, in the effort to instil any sense of patriotism and in personal, identity instead turn the past into a theme park, something artificial, constructed and, effectively, highly non-representational of ‘the real thing’. Originally published by the Journal of American, British and essay, Canadian Studies. Berberich, Christine (2009), “A peculiarly English idiosyncrasy?”: Julian Barnes’s use of lists in appraisal essay England, England . American, British and essay writing and referencing, Canadian Studies, 13. pp. 75-87. ISSN 1841-1487. Contractions? Republished by kind permission. Dr Christine Berberich is Senior Lecturer in English Literature at essay writing Portsmouth University. i) See Arthur Aughey, The Politics of Englishness (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2007), Christopher Breward, Becky Conekin Caroline Cox (eds), The Englishness of English Dress (Oxford: Berg, 2002), David Matless, Landscape and Englishness (London: Reaktion Books, 1998), Wendy Webster, Englishness and Empire 19391965 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005), Paul Langford, Englishness Identified. Manners and Character 1650--1850 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), Simon Featherstone, Englishness.

Twentieth-Century Popular Culture and how to, the Forming of English Identity (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2009) ii) Kate Fox, Watching the English. The Hidden Rules of English Behaviour (London: Hodder Stoughton, 2004), Roger Scruton, England: an Elegy (London: Chatto Windus, 2000), Robert Colls, Identity of England (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), Roger Ebbatson, An Imaginary England. Writing And Referencing? Nation, Landscape and Literature 1840 1920 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005), Paul Kingsnorth, Real England. The Battle against the Bland (London: Portobello Books Ltd., 2008), Nigel Slater, Eating for ross essays for 2011 England. Essay Writing? The Delights and Eccentricities of the British at Table (London: Fourth Estate, 2007). iii) Julian Barnes, England England (London: Jonathan Cape, 1998). All further references parenthetically within the essay streetcar desire text. iv) Dominic Head, “Julian Barnes and a Case of English Identity” in Philip Tew Rod Mengham (eds), British Fiction Today (London: Continuum, 2006), 19. v) John Betjeman, “Oh, to essay writing be in England,” The Listener 29.739 (11 March 1943): 296.

vi) George Orwell, The Lion and the Unicorn. Socialism and the English Genius (London: Secker Warburg, 1941). vii) Jeremy Paxman, The English. Writing? A Portrait of a People (London: Michael Joseph, 1998), 2223. xi) John Redwood at and referencing xii) Scilla Cullen at xiii) Pierre Nora, ‘Between Memory and essay, History: Les Lieux de Mémoire,’ Representations 26 (1989): 724. xiv) Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities. Reflections on the Origin and Spread of essay writing and referencing, Nationalism (1983; 1991; London: Verso, 1998), 4, 7. xv) Randall Stephenson, The Last of England? Oxford English Literary History Series, Volume 12 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004), 47.

xvi) See, for example, the extremely detailed website of the critical appraisal Great Yorkshire Show with all its intricate entry requirements at and the website of the Association of Show Agricultural Organisations ASAO at . See also Iain Aitch’s exploration of Englishness in A Fête too Far. A Journey through an English Summer (London: Review Books, 2003), inside flap. xvii) Speculation ranges from a ‘Mitteleuropäisch tinge’ to his original name to essay rumours that he was born ‘east of the Rhine’ as the streetcar desire illegitimate child of ‘the shirebred wife of essay writing and referencing, a Hungarian glass manufacturer and how to analysis, a visiting chauffeur from Loughborough’ and the conspiracy theory that he was born ‘the son of a humble Mr and Mrs Pitman, long since paid off’ ( EE , 33). Crucially, Sir Jack does his best to promote the essay writing and referencing myth surrounding his origins. xviii) Ribeiro, ‘On Englishness in Dress,’ 17.

xx) See here also my article “England? Whose England? (Re)constructing English identities in Julian Barnes and W.G. Sebald”, National Identities 10.2 (2008, June): 16784. xxi) Frederick M. Holmes, Julian Barnes (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009), 93. xxii) Matthew Pateman, Julian Barnes (Tavistock: Northcote House, 2002), 78. xxiii) Pateman, Julian Barnes , 72. xxiv) See Pateman, Julian Barnes , 73ff. xxv) Pateman, Julian Barnes , 75.

xxvi) Gareth Young at xxvii) Ribeiro, ‘On Englishness in how to write a lyrical analysis essay Dress’, 15. xxviii) Nick Bentley, Contemporary British Fiction (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2008),184. We encourage anyone to comment, please consult the. Theresa May is essay desperately clinging to power, relying on ross business school essays for 2011 the DUP, the hard-right party that has blocked same-sex marriage, and kept abortion illegal. Worse still, they're bankrolled by and referencing dark money – we've exposed the shady group behind their lavish pro-Brexit campaigning, but they're still refusing to name their secret donors.

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