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Dec 19, 2017 History coursework ww1,
business reports Read this sample case study report and click on the highlighted text to coursework, see comments about the report. Portable computer Use at client sites. About And Punishment! Prepared for history ww1, Freda Smith, general manager. by united artist Belinda Gibson, training coordinator. To : Belinda Gibson, Training Coordinator. Ww1! From : Freda Smith, General Manager. Subject: Portable Computers. To make the most of the technologies we discussed the other day to family is a happy, provide a quality service to history ww1, our customers, it is essential that our training staff be equipped with portable computers which can be used at client sites. Dissertation On Capital Budgeting! Over the next couple of weeks, please investigate the history coursework ww1, portable computers which would be most appropriate for our staff, and poverty crime, present your findings in the form of a formal management report. The selected machine needs to coursework ww1, be compatible with the artist, Windows software we are currently using. Other factors which should be considered when comparing the history, brands and models include: Initial cost; Weight and size; Screen size; Clarity of the screen image; RAM and hard disk size; Speed of the write a thesis week, CPU; Battery capability; and The availability of on-going service agreements and ww1, warranties.
With our training staff so often out at client sites, it would be useful if the a small is a essay, machines also had modern facilities to history coursework, enable staff to access their email. Poverty Crime! Please pass the report to me by the end of the month so I can read it over before discussing your recommendations with the history ww1, equipment committee. Let me know if you have any questions. To : Freda Smith, General Manager. From : Belinda Gibson, Training Coordinator. Essay About! Subject: Portable Computers. Here is the coursework ww1, report you requested on & management solved the use of history coursework, portable computers for our training staff to ehrenreich television, use at client sites. Two portable computers were reviewed for history coursework ww1, this report: the Micro-pro 8500 Series and can you write in a week, the Hewlett Packard 3000CTX model 5/233, both suitable for business purposes. History Coursework! The report has analysed standard features on report on capital both computers, taking your specifications into consideration. I am confident that with the history, use of portable computers our training staff will produce a higher standard of training presentations.
I would be happy to assist with the implementation of the ehrenreich television, computers for our training staff to use at ww1, future courses. Table 1: Comparison of two portable computers. The purpose of this report was to crime, analyse two portable computers and history coursework ww1, recommend a suitable machine for essay, training staff to use at client sites. This report has considered two machines suitable for corporate use that can accommodate modern facilities such as e-mail, video conferencing and history, assist staff with training courses. Mgt402 & Management Accounting Final Papers! The Hewlett Packard Omnibook 3000CTX model 5/233 is history coursework ww1 a well made portable computer with a good size screen and keyboard. A Thesis In A Week! For the price of history, this model you would expect to see more memory, a CD drive and dissertation on capital, a Windows based power management set up. (Australian PC Authority, April 1998, #039;PCs and Notebooks - Reviews#039;, p.82) Like the Hewlett Packard model the Micro-pro 8500 Series has a good size screen and history coursework ww1, keyboard but also comes witha numeric pad. This machine is television ideal for the business user who wants usability, comfort and coursework ww1, performance. Ehrenreich Television! (Australian PC Authority, April 1998, #039;PCs and coursework, Notebooks - Reviews#039; , p.81) After taking both machines into ehrenreich, consideration, it is recommended that the history ww1, Micro-pro 8500 Series would be the most suitable computer due to its value for money, durability and a small family essay, standard features.
The purpose of this report was to analyse two portable computers and ww1, recommend a suitable machine for can you write a thesis in a week, our training staff to use at history ww1, client locations. While investigating these two computers it was important to consider their suitability for corporate use, standard features, optional benefits and warranties. The information used in this report was collected by consulting an & management accounting final papers, independent review by history ww1 the Australian PC Authority magazine and contacting the essay crime and punishment, individual companies for additional information on the technical specifications and warranties on the machines. Local computer stores did not stock either machine. Additional information difficult to history, locate. Software packages included with the machine not specified. It has been assumed that the Microsoft Office software package will be installed on macbeth the computers to ensure our training staff have access to PowerPoint. Coursework Ww1! This program will enable them to cost & management accounting papers, present effective teaching media.
As our staff regularly use computer applications it has been assumed that the implementation of history coursework ww1, portable computers will cause little delays for united, the company. As most computer companies offer clients an history ww1, extended warranty, it is assumed that All Purpose Training Company will have the option to a small is a happy family, purchase an extended warranty for ww1, a period of one year. The All Purpose Training Company is budgeting a well respected supplier of quality executive training courses for history, the business community. On Betrayal! The All Purpose Training Company has statewide representation with plans to expand interstate within the history ww1, next 12 months. Essay! All Purpose Training Company has a demand to supply new clients with numerous training courses. With such demands it is crucial that training staff can have computer access for history coursework, training presentations and be able to complete day to day operations while mobile. Cost: $7895 RRP Weight: 4.5 Kg Size: (W x D x H) 357 x 275 x 50mm Screen size: 15.1 Clarity of macbeth essay on betrayal, screen image: Resolution could be higher, set at 1,024 x 768 you can see the pixels, but very easy on your eyes. History Coursework! (Australian PC Authority, April 1998, #039;PCs and crime, Notebooks - Reviews, p. History Coursework! 81) RAM: 64 Mb, RAM can be raised to a maximum 128Mb for $1140 Disk Drive: CD-ROM and family, 3.5 FDD Speed of the CPU: Pentium processor Battery capabilities: Lithium-ion battery, smart battery option available. Lithium-ion battery lasts 2.5 hours without smart battery upgrade. (Australian PC Authority, April 1998, #039;PCs and ww1, Notebooks - Reviews, p. Essay! 81) Service agreements and history coursework, warranties: Two year parts and labour warranty.
Cost: $8245 RRP Weight: 3.1 Kg Size: (W x D x H) 304 x 238 x 47mm Screen size: 13.3 Clarity of essays, screen image: Resolution is set at 1,024 x 768. Reasonably easy to history ww1, read. Family Is A Family! with normal working conditions. (Australian PC Authority, April 1998, #039;PCs and Notebooks - Reviews, p. 81) RAM: 16Mb, upgrade available, $242 for 16Mb. Disk drives: 3.5 FDD, CD-ROM available for $570 Speed of the history coursework ww1, CPU: Pentium processor Battery capabilities: - 2.5 hours from a lithium-ion battery Service agreements and mgt402 & management term solved, warranties: All Hewlett Packard Omnibooks come with a 3 year parts and history coursework, labour warranty. (Stephen, 7/5/1998, Telephone Interview, Customer Service Officer, Hewlett Packard Information Centre, Hewlett Packard) The following table summarises the important points of united, comparison between the history coursework, two portable computers - Hewlett Packard Omnibook and Micropro 8500 Series. There is a RRP difference between the two computers of $350. In order to essay about crime, have the computers ready for staff use, upgraded memory size would be required on coursework the Hewlett Packard model. A Small Essay! The Micro-pro computer weighs an history coursework, extra 1.4 Kg. This is crime and punishment substantially heavier, but the coursework ww1, Micro-pro is essay a larger machine with each dimension larger than the Hewlett Packard computer. Micro-pro measures 53W x 37D x 3H mm larger. There is a notable gap between screen sizes. Micro-pro has a 14.1 inch screen compared with Hewlett Packards 13.3 inch screen.
When using over long periods a larger screen is history coursework preferred to essay, avoid eye strain. The resolution on both machines is set a 1,024 x 768. Pixels can be seen on coursework the Micro-pro model, while the Omnibook is reasonably easy to read. (Australian PC Authority, April 1998, PCs and Notebooks - Reviews, p. 81 - 82) RAM between the essay, two machines varies greatly. The Australian PC Authority states that the Micro-pro comes with 64 Mb of history coursework ww1, RAM standard, with an option of essay, buying the maximum 128 Mb for history, $1140. They also state Hewlett Packards Omnibook comes with 16 Mb RAM, but as most computer applications require 32 Mb, this extra memory will cost you $242 . Macbeth Essay On Betrayal! Both machines come with a standard 3.5 FDD. History Coursework Ww1! Only the macbeth essay, Micro-pro machine comes with a CD-ROM drive, you must buy this as an extra for the Omnibook for history, a cost of $570. Ehrenreich! (Australian PC Authority, April 1998, PCs and Notebooks - Reviews, p. 81- 82) With 32 Mb of RAM fitted the coursework, Omnibook is one of the & management final term solved, fastest portable computers the history, Australian PC Authority magazine has ever seen, They also found that with 64 Mb RAM the poverty essays, Micro-pro was not exceptionally quick but for word processing and other office tasks it was quite acceptable. History Ww1! Both machines come with a standard lithium-ion battery which can support the computers for budgeting, up to 2.5 hours.
The computers come with power management tools that will save battery power. History! A smart battery option is available on the Micro-pro for dissertation on capital, $60. (Australian PC Authority, April 1998, PCs and Notebooks - Reviews, p. 81) 3.9 Service agreements and coursework, warranties. Micro-pro supplies their clients with a two year part and poverty causes crime, labour warranty, while Hewlett Packard supplies a three year parts and labour warranty. It is assumed that when the history ww1, machines are purchased a service agreement will be negotiated with the option to extend the poverty essays, warranty. History Ww1! After investigating the Hewlett Packard Omnibook 3000CTX 5/233 and the Micro-pro 8500 Series portable computers, it was found that both models are suitable for corporate use and would meet All Purpose Training Company requirements. It is important to consider the crime essays, long term benefits to history ww1, the company when considering which computer was best suited. About And Punishment! Apart from initial purchasing expenses, warranty, speed, size and coursework, memory were some factors which have been taken into account. Software suitability was also considered.
The computers had to television essay, be easily adaptable for new technology such as e-mail, video conferencing and history coursework ww1, presentation aids, for causes crime essays, future company requirements. Both computers are distinct from each other and, although both companies have the corporate user in history coursework ww1 mind, Micro-pro appears to be offering an exceptional package. 5. Family Happy Family Essay! Recommendations and history, implementation. Mgt402 Cost & Management Accounting Final Term Solved Papers! The findings and conclusion in this report support the history coursework ww1, following recommendations: The Micro-pro 8500 Series portable computer is dissertation purchased at a rate of one computer per coursework, training staff member. Essay! The smart battery option is history purchased with each computer ; this will assist with heavy workloads and mgt402 & management, long training programs. Staff must have e-mail access on history their computers to cost accounting final, enable them to be in history coursework contact with the company. Mgt402 Cost & Management Term Solved! All Purpose Training Company should negotiate price, warranty and on going service agreements with Micro-pro direct. To reduce company long term expenses: The company could investigate the coursework ww1, viability of staff leasing the computers A staff option of a small family is a, buying the computers for personal use after the coursework, warranty period expires.
Computers should be available to essays, staff after a maximum of 6 weeks. Australian PC Authority , April 1998, PCs and Notebooks - Reviews, p. 81 - 82. Micro-pro, 1998, 8500 Series Brochure, Micro-pro Computer (Imports) Pty Ltd, Melbourne, Australia. Ww1! Gray, K. A Small Family Essay! 1998, Director, Turnstone Technologies Pty Ltd, Australia. Stephen, 1998, Customer Service Officer, Hewlett Packard Information Centre, Hewlett Packard, Australia. Guffey, M. 1997, Business Communication: Process and history ww1, Product , South - Western College Publishing, Ohio, USA. United Artist! Kimberly, N. and history, Cotesta, P, 1998, Student Q Manual , Faculty of essay on betrayal, Business and history coursework ww1, Economics, Monash University, Caulfield, Australia.
Distance Education Centre, 1998, Business Communication Subject Guide , Monash University, Churchill, Australia. Portable computer Use at client sites. Essay Crime! The title of the report. Ww1! Be consistent in your use of capitals and is a happy, lower case letters: Portable computer u se at client sites. Prepared for Freda Smith, general manager. by Belinda Gibson, training coordinator. the name of the company. Be consistent in history your use of crime essays, capitals and history coursework ww1, lower case letters. The company name is: All Purpose Training Company. The opening sentence should remind the essay, client of the subject and date of the coursework ww1, Memo of Authorisation.
This sentence should read: Here is the family is a happy, report you requested on January 29 on the use of portable computers by history ww1 our training staff at united, client sites. This paragraph expresses confidence in history coursework the future benefits of portable computers. Poverty Causes! It adds a positive note to the memo . History Ww1! (If you wish to acknowledge people who provided information or other assistance with the preparation of the report, you can do so before the closing sentence.) Memo of Authorisation. Memo of a small essay, Transmittal. A Table of Contents should include a list of any figures or tables appearing in coursework the report. In this report, a List of Tables is and punishment presented on ww1 a separate page following the essay, Table of history ww1, Contents.
The page number is essay about and punishment referenced within the history, Table of Contents before the dissertation on capital, Executive Summary. Alternatively, the coursework, List of Tables is united artist essay sometimes presented as the coursework, last item within a Table of dissertation report on capital, Contents. With this format, if the list is ww1 short, it is macbeth not necessary to history coursework, use a separate page for the detailed list. The Executive Summary is designed to can you a thesis in a week, give the busy executive a brief overview of the report. This Executive Summary includes: a statement of history ww1, purpose a brief description of what has been done in mgt402 term papers this report. a summary of the findings a recommendation. This sentence gives a brief description of what has been done in this report. The present perfect tense is history coursework used here to a thesis in a, describe actions which have a present impact. History! The analysis has led to dissertation on capital, a choice of history ww1, computer. Note that the cost accounting term solved, student has summarised the principal portable computer requirements stated in the Memo of ww1, Authorisation.
A summary of the findings is presented in the next two paragraphs. Note that information included in the executive summary is not usually referenced since the source has been acknowledged in the body of the report. A recommendation is dissertation on capital presented in the final sentence. Note: the student has not included background information in the executive summary. Such information belongs in ww1 the introduction. The Introduction provides essential background information, including why the study or project was undertaken and poverty causes, what methods were used to gather the history coursework ww1, information. The sections required in write a thesis week the introduction vary, depending on the type of report and the department to ww1, which you belong. Macbeth! Purpose : The purpose is usually stated in history ww1 one sentence.
The Findings section presents the basic facts with a minimum of united essay, commentary. Ww1! The implications of these facts are examined in the Discussion section. In this report the comparative findings are presented in two bulleted lists . Essay About Crime And Punishment! (In a different context it may be more appropriate to use numbered paragraphs rather than bullet points, particularly if the information being presented is more complex or more detailed than that in history coursework ww1 this report.) The section could have been improved by including some additional comments (in paragraph form) to introduce the comparative findings, and to highlight in a general way where the differences were most evident. Table form is another useful way to present comparative findings in a report. When using the united, Harvard or Author-Date system of referencing, only the author, date, and page number should be included. Coursework! In this case, the budgeting, reference should be written as follows: (Australian PC Authority, 1998, p 81). History Ww1! In this example, the author is an write in a, organisation. History! Note that the full stop should be placed after the reference, not before. Ehrenreich Television! When using the history coursework ww1, Harvard or Author-Date system of referencing, only the author, date, and page number should be included.
In this case, the reference should be written as follows: (Australian PC Authority, 1998, p 81). In this example, the author is an organisation. Note that the essay about, full stop should be placed after the coursework, reference, not before. Essay! When using the coursework ww1, Harvard or Author-Date system of united, referencing, only the author, date and page number should be included. Ww1! In this case, the reference should be written as follows: (Australian PC Authority, 1998, p 81). Can You Write A Thesis Week! In this example, the author is an organisation. Coursework! Note that the full stop should be placed after the reference, not before. Ehrenreich Essay! When reference is made to a personal communication, the ww1, surname of the report budgeting, person concerned should be included and the reference presented as follows: (Smith, S. History Coursework! 1998, pers. Essay! comm., 7 May) When using the Harvard or Author-Date system of referencing, only the author, date, and history ww1, page number should be included.
In this case, the reference should be written as follows: (Australian PC Authority, 1998, pp. 81-82). In this example, the author is an accounting papers, organisation. Note that the coursework ww1, full stop should be placed after the dissertation report, reference, not before.
When using the Harvard or Author-Date system of referencing, only the history ww1, author, date, and page number should be included. In this case, the accounting final term solved, reference should be written as follows: (Australian PC Authority, 1998, pp. 81-82). History Coursework Ww1! In this example, the happy family, author is an history, organisation. Note that the full stop should be placed after the essay, reference, not before. History Coursework Ww1! When using the Harvard or Author-Date system of report on capital budgeting, referencing, only the history coursework, author, date, and page number should be included. In this case, the essay about, reference should be written as follows: (Australian PC Authority, 1998, p 81). History Ww1! In this example, the author is an on capital budgeting, organisation.
Note that the full stop should be placed after the reference, not before. History Coursework Ww1! This conclusion begins with a general statement summing up the Findings . 5. Recommendations and implementation. The Reference List includes all sources cited in can you write a thesis the report. Coursework Ww1! It should be on a separate page. This reference list requires a number of essay, revisions in history order for it to conform to appropriate style conventions: When using the dissertation, Harvard or Author-Date system of history ww1, referencing, references should be listed in alphabetical order according to macbeth essay on betrayal, author surname. This applies whether the history, author is a person or an organisation. United Artist Essay! References 5, 6, and history ww1, 7 are sources consulted for style conventions in report writing.
As they do not relate to the content of the cost final term papers, report, they should not be included in the Reference List. When using the Harvard or Author-Date system of history ww1, referencing, entries in a list of references are not numbered . With journals or periodicals (including magazines) , an issue number or identifier, a volume number if applicable, and the page numbers of the television, article are included. Ww1! These details follow the name of the budgeting, publication, and are separated by coursework commas. Personal communications such as those listed as Numbers 3 and 4 are not usually included in budgeting the list of references , but if it is considered important to history coursework, include this information, full names should be used. Check with your subject lecturer if in doubt. The Conclusion sums up the united artist, main points which have emerged from the history coursework, Findings and the Discussion. In some reports, it may be combined with Recommendations. This is a report, not a personal letter, and the word #039;you#039; is mgt402 term papers not appropriate to the formal tone you need here. History! Change this phrase to united essay, will cost $242 Again, to maintain a formal tone, better not to use #039;you#039; - use the history ww1, passive instead: for the Omnibook this must be bought as an extra, for a cost of crime, $570. Problems? Questions?
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Dec 19, 2017 History coursework ww1,
Automated Essay Evaluation for English Language Learners:A Case Study of MY Access. Computer technology made its way into writing instruction and assessment with spelling and grammar checkers decades ago, but more recently it has done so with automated essay evaluation (AEE) and diagnostic feedback. And although many programs and tools have been developed in the last decade, not enough research has been conducted to support or evaluate the coursework claims of the developers. Essay And Punishment! This study examined the effectiveness of history coursework ww1 automated writing instructional programs in consistent scoring of essays and appropriate feedback to student writers. It examined the united essay scoring and instructional program called MY Access! Home Edition , which has an error feedback tool called My Editor to address these issues. The study combined a quantitative study of agreement and correlational analyses with an analysis of content and topic. Participants included 114 English language learners who wrote 147 essays to history coursework ww1 three writing prompts, which were graded by trained EFL raters and MY Access . From the sample, 15 randomly selected essays were also used for an error analysis comparing My Editor with human annotations to examine My Editor ’s accuracy.
The main findings were that MY Access scoring was only correlated moderately with human ratings. United! Furthermore, because MY Access scoring is limited to the recognition of content words, not how these words are organized at the discourse level, it did not detect slightly off-topic essays and plagiarism. Finally, My Editor ’s error feedback, with 73% precision and ww1, 30% recall, did not meet the expectations of an essay, accurate tool. In conclusion, the home edition of MY Access was not found to be useful as an independent instructional tool. These findings give us pause regarding the effectiveness of MY Access . Computer technology is increasingly becoming part of language learning and history coursework ww1, writing, despite initial rejections and lingering skepticism over the last few decades (Dikli, 2006 Dikli, S. ( 2006 ). An overview of automated scoring of essays . The Journal of Technology, Learning, and Assessment , 5(1). Retrieved from http://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/jtla/article/view/1640/1489 [Google Scholar] ; Xi, 2010 Xi, X. Essay About Crime! ( 2010 ). Automated scoring and coursework, feedback systems: Where are we and united artist essay, where are we heading? Language Testing , 27, 291 – 300 . doi: 10.1177/0265532210364643 [Crossref], [Web of coursework ww1 Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ). It was first used in writing classes with spelling and grammar checkers, which eased worries about “minutiae (such as how to spell minutiae) while composing, or even when revising and polishing” (Calfee, 2000 Calfee, R. ( 2000 , September ). To grade or not to grade . Ehrenreich! In M. A. Hearst (Ed.), The debate on history ww1 automated essay grading ( pp. Can You Write A Thesis! 35–37 ). IEEE Intelligent Systems, 15 , 22–37. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Educational Activities Department. [Google Scholar] , p. 35).
Recently, it has taken on a bigger role in writing assessment in the form of history ww1 automated evaluation of essays. This has attracted much attention from the budgeting assessment industry, writing instructors, and other stakeholders in an ongoing debate about the history ww1 value of poverty causes crime essays automated essay scoring, now known as automated essay evaluation (AEE). AEE applications include scoring engines with instructional programs in Criterion, MY Access , and history ww1, WriteToLearn . These programs, with their combination of automated scoring, automated feedback, and in a week, writing instruction tools, have gained ground at different educational levels in the United States. Since the pioneering work on the Project Essay Grade by Ellis Page in 1965, many automated essay evaluation initiatives have emerged. These included ETS’ e-rater , Pearson’s Intelligent Essay Assessor (IEA), Bayesian Essay Test Scoring System (BETSY), and Vantage Learning’s IntelliMetric . A review of AEE developmental and research histories shows a tilted playing field toward the assessment industry that has dominated the debate. As Warschauer and Ware ( 2006 Warschauer, M. , Ware, P. History! ( 2006 ). Automated writing evaluation: Defining the classroom research agenda . Language Teaching Research , 10, 157 – 180 . doi: 10.1191/1362168806lr190oa [Crossref], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ) noted, the majority of research validating different AEE systems is vendor funded and carried out to “demonstrate that it [AES software] ‘works’ either in the sense that its ratings correlate with those of human ratings or that particular features or aspects function as desired” (p. 166). However, voices from the instructional side were first heard in Ericsson and Haswell’s book (2006) Machine Scoring of Student Essays: Truth and television, Consequences in which many writing instructors reported AEE failures in scoring essays satisfactorily. This study emerged from a similar concern: that AEE systems are not able to do a satisfactory job as writing instructors would expect. It examined this concern with a study of MY Access , which uses Vantage Learning’s proprietary IntelliMetric scoring system.
We selected MY Access for history ww1 analysis because it is a popular program in the United States. Researchers have adopted different terminology to categorize AEE systems, depending on how they were developed. Brent and causes essays, Townsend categorized ( 2006 Brent, E. History! , Townsend, M. ( 2006 ). Automated essay grading in the sociology classroom: Finding common ground . In P. Causes! F. History Coursework Ww1! Ericsson , R. H. Haswell (Eds.), Machine scoring of student essays: Truth and consequences ( pp. 177–198 ). Logan, UT : Utah State University Press . [Google Scholar] ) AEE systems as statistics-based and rule or knowledge-based approaches, whereas Ben-Simon and Bennett ( 2007 Ben-Simon, B. , Bennett, R. E. ( 2007 ). Toward more substantively meaningful automated essay scoring. The Journal of Technology, Learning, and causes, Assessment, 6 (1). Retrieved from http://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/jtla/article/view/1631/1475 [Google Scholar] ) categorized them based on methods, namely, brute-empirical and hybrid methods.
Statistics-based programs create scoring models based on a large set of pre-scored essays of 300 or more. This input is processed by the scoring system, such as IntelliMetric or e-rater , which extracts the predictive features from texts that lead to the assigned ratings for history coursework new essays. The primary focus in statistics-based programs remains on linguistic considerations, such as mechanics, syntax, and dissertation report on capital, writing conventions. History! The extracted features (usually more than 50) are then boiled down to united 8–12 most dominant ones that are analyzed by using linear multiple regression equations to decide their best weightings in ww1, predicting the ratings for new essays. The set of finalized predictive features varies from one scoring model to about another. Until now, these models are prompt-based as the system is trained using different sets of graded essay responses to specific prompts.
By this definition, ETS’ e-rater and Vantage Learning’s IntelliMetric are statistics-based because they extract features and their optimal weightings using statistical calculations instead of building on theory and indicators of good writing. Therefore, IntelliMetric belongs to the brute-empirical method . Rule-based or knowledge-based systems are trained on a large domain-representative text, such as textbooks or articles. The input for these systems is an expert knowledge base that results in a grading rubric detailing the criteria to score constructed essay responses. History Coursework Ww1! IEA, a scoring machine for discipline-specific courses (now known as Knowledge Analysis Technologies), has at its core Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA), a machine-learning method that characterizes a word used in a sentence, passage, or essay based on semantic associations (Landauer, Foltz, Laham, 1998 Landauer, T. K. , Foltz, P. W. , Laham, D. ( 1998 ). The intelligent essay assessor: Applications to ehrenreich television essay educational technology. Interactive Multimedia Educational Journal of coursework Computer-Enhanced Learning, 1 (2). Poverty! Retrieved from http://imej.wfu.edu/articles/1999/2/04/ [Google Scholar] ). LSA claims to history be the only evaluation system in on betrayal, which meaning is dominant.
Simply put, “it promises to help teachers and learners by evaluating essays based on coursework ww1 what their authors appear to know about a topic” (McGee, 2006 McGee, T. ( 2006 ). Taking a spin on the intelligent essay assessor . In P. Television Essay! F. Ericsson , R. H. Haswell (Eds.), Machine scoring of student essays: Truth and consequences ( pp. 79–92 ). History! Logan, UT : Utah State University Press . [Google Scholar] , p. 83). Finally, IEA and the later versions of e-rater , with their smaller set of crime essays theoretically grounded features linked to good writing characteristics, are hybrid method- based systems. Hybrid methods start with a set of features that are judged by writing experts to be indicative of good writing skills. These features serve as the blueprint on coursework which the scoring rubric of automated scoring systems is generated. Can You Write A Thesis In A Week! Either a set of ww1 pre-scored essays or an essay, expert knowledge base is coursework ww1, used to extract the on betrayal optimal weightings for different features in the final scoring rubric. History! The combination between theoretically based features and statistical calculations to generate a scoring model leads to what is called “hybrid approaches.”
Objections to computer-automated essay evaluation. Despite all the can you a thesis in a week advances, objections to computer-automated essay evaluation have been formidable. There are two main objections: humanist and defensive objections. First, there is the well-known objection from the Conference on College Composition and Communication ( 2004 Conference on College Composition and Communication. ( 2004 ). History Ww1! CCCC position statement on teaching, learning, and assessing writing in report budgeting, digital environments . Ww1! Retrieved from http://www.ncte.org.ezp.lib.unimelb.edu.au/cccc/resources/positions/digitalenvironments [Google Scholar] ): “Because all writing is social, all writing should have human readers, regardless of the purpose of writing” (p. 36; cited in Carr, 2014 Carr, N. ( 2014 ). Computer-automated scoring of writing responses . In A. J. Kunnan (Ed.), The companion to poverty crime language assessment ( pp. 1063–1078 ). Malden, MA : Wiley . [Google Scholar] ). Generally, various studies on history AEE systems have responded to humanist objections, mainly challenging the validity of essay crime and punishment fairly strong relationships between human ratings and AEE ratings in several corporate-conducted studies. But the correlations and agreement studies have not always shown high indices.
Liu and coursework, Kunnan ( 2016 Liu, S. , Kunnan, A. J. ( 2016 ). Investigating the write in a week applications of automated writing evaluation to Chinese undergraduate English majors: A case study of WritetoLearn . CALICO Journal , 33, 71 – 91 . History Ww1! [Google Scholar] ) reported that correlations between human ratings and automated scoring by macbeth three AEE systems are high: .79 to .87 for e-rater (Burstein et al ., 1998 Burstein, J. , Braden-Harder, L. , Chodorow, M. , Hua, S. History Coursework! , Kaplan, B. , Kukich, K. , … Wolff, S. ( 1998 ). Computer analysis of essay content for automated score prediction (Research Report 98-15). Princeton, NJ : Educational Testing Service . [Google Scholar] ), .93 (average) for Intellimetric (Vantage Learning, 2006 Vantage Learning. ( 2006 ). Research summary: Intellimetric scoring accuracy across genres and report budgeting, grade levels . Retrieved from http://www.vantagelearning.com/docs/intellimetric/IM_ResearchSummary_IntelliMetric_Accuracy_Across_Genre_and_Grade_Levels.pdf [Google Scholar] ), and history, .76 to .95 for IEA (Foltz, Lochbaum, Rosenstein, 2011 Foltz, P. W. , Lochbaum, K. E. , Rosenstein, M. R. ( 2011 , April). Analysis of student ELA writing performance for a large scale implementation of poverty causes essays formative assessment. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Council of Measurement in Education , New Orleans, Louisiana . [Google Scholar] ). Coursework! She also noted that exact agreement percentages are 45–59% for e-rater and 76% for Intellimetric (Attali Burstein, 2006 Attali, Y. , Burstein, J. ( 2006 ). Automated essay scoring with e-rater® v.2 . Journal of Technology, Learning, and crime, Assessment , 4(3). Retrieved from http://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/jtla/article/view/1650/1492 [Google Scholar] ) and history, 50–81% for about IEA (Foltz et al ., 2011 Foltz, P. History! W. , Lochbaum, K. E. , Rosenstein, M. R. ( 2011 , April). Analysis of student ELA writing performance for a large scale implementation of formative assessment. Write A Thesis! Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Council of Measurement in Education , New Orleans, Louisiana . [Google Scholar] ) but for adjacent agreements the percentages are very high: 87–97% for e-rater , 99% for Intellimetric , and 91–100% for IEA (from the same authors). Furthermore, it is widely known that high reliability or agreement does not equal validity. Landauer, Laham, and Foltz ( 2003 Landauer, T. K. History Coursework Ww1! , Laham, D. , Foltz, P. ( 2003 ). And Punishment! Automated essay assessment . Assessment in Education , 10, 295 – 308 . doi: 10.1080/0969594032000148154 [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) commented on this problem, “The fact that all these disparate methods [human judges and automated essay scoring] produce similar results at least raises the suspicion that one could get acceptable reliability results with the use of history coursework variables that are not conceptually valid [emphasis added]” (p. 305–306). As Koskey and Shermis ( 2013 Koskey, K. L. K. , Shermis, M. D. ( 2013 ). Scaling and norming for automated essay scoring . In M. D. Shermis , J. Burstein (Eds.), Handbook of automated essay evaluation: Current applications and new directions ( pp.
199–220 ). New York, NY : Routledge . [Google Scholar] ) pointed out, the scoring of essays by automated essay evaluation is write, based on mainly quantitatively assessing the observed variables in history coursework, essays. These variables are often referred to as “proxies” as opposed to can you a thesis in a week “trins,” which are the latent and real underlying variables that we are interested in measuring. They cited a system that claims to count the number of times “but” is history, used in an essay as a proxy for sentence complexity. Moreover, because developers usually publicize scoring rubrics but choose to keep the can you write a thesis in a week weightings of these variables confidential, Coniam ( 2009 Coniam, D. ( 2009 ). Experimenting with a computer essay-scoring program based on history coursework ESL student writing scripts . ReCALL , 21, 259 – 279 . doi: 10.1017/S0958344009000147 [Crossref], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ) commented in his study with BETSY that “despite high correlations with a human rater, computer programs still lack transparency in terms of how they achieve the grades they award. This creates a validity problem as we do not know how ratings are achieved” (p. About Crime! 276). Second, defensive objections are more problematic.
McGee’s ( 2006 McGee, T. ( 2006 ). Taking a spin on history the intelligent essay assessor . In P. F. Ericsson , R. H. Haswell (Eds.), Machine scoring of student essays: Truth and consequences ( pp. 79–92 ). Logan, UT : Utah State University Press . Can You! [Google Scholar] ) experiments challenged all the claims about IEA. History Coursework! He found the “meaning” implicated by IEA to totally disregard cohesion and coherence, which are of great importance to the meaning construction of any text. Such findings make sense, because the dissertation on capital most well-known approach to history coursework ww1 assign ratings to essays in AEE systems is the regression approach to predict the quality of an on capital budgeting, essay. However, the history ww1 scoring of content always poses a bigger challenge for these systems than other observed variables, such as the number of commas, the number of sentences, or the use of verb/noun agreement. Report! Thus, to evaluate the content of an essay, AEE systems use an additional technique, such as those used by LSA to supplement their prediction weightings of this variable. They base their evaluation of content on an analysis of history coursework keywords and synonyms or sets of keywords and report, synonyms in an essay and history, compare their Euclidean distance to the words on a master list. On the basis of such an poverty, approach, the appropriacy of the factual content in coursework ww1, an esssay is measured in terms of its similarity of lexical choices to a corpus at the expense of coherence and united essay, cohesion. The “meaningful factual content” carried by history the AEE system is, therefore, independent of any factual accuracy.
As a result, a “bad faith essay” can easily trick the essay about crime system into assigning a high score for a mechanically written essay. Such findings have resulted in resistance from writing instructors. The recent Handbook of automated essay evaluation (Shermis Burstein, 2013 Shermis, M. D. , Burstein, J. (Eds.). Ww1! ( 2013 ). Handbook of united automated essay evaluation . Ww1! New York, NY : Routledge . [Google Scholar] ) showed the recent advances and continuing evolution in recent years and its awareness of the objections presented above. A few of the television questions they raised were: “Can systems be gamed? Does the use of coursework AEE foster limited signaling effects by encouraging attention only to formal aspects of ehrenreich writing, excluding richer aspects of the coursework ww1 writing construct?
Does AEE subvert the writing act fundamentally by depriving the student of a true ‘audience’?” (p. 2). In the last 45-year period of united essay AEE systems, validation research of automated scoring has provided many findings. Yang, Buckendahl, Juszkiewicz, and Bhola ( 2002 Yang, Y. , Buckendahl, C. W. History! , Juszkiewicz, P. J. , Bhola, D. S. ( 2002 ). A review of strategies for validating computer-automated scoring . On Betrayal! Applied Measurement in Education , 15, 391 – 412 . doi: 10.1207/S15324818AME1504_04 [Taylor Francis Online], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ) identified three broad approaches. First, much of the history research on macbeth on betrayal automated scoring systems has been devoted to demonstrating correlations or agreements between automated ratings and coursework, human ratings. The second group of studies has investigated the relationship between AEE ratings and external indicators, such as teachers’ judgments of television student writing skills or other test results (Coniam, 2009 Coniam, D. ( 2009 ). History Coursework Ww1! Experimenting with a computer essay-scoring program based on ESL student writing scripts . ReCALL , 21, 259 – 279 . Report! doi: 10.1017/S0958344009000147 [Crossref], [Web of history ww1 Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ; Vantage Learning, 2007 Vantage Learning. Budgeting! ( 2007 ). MY access!® efficacy report . New Hope, PA: Vantage Learning. Retrieved from history coursework, http://www.vantagelearning.com/school/research/myaccess.html [Google Scholar] ; Weigle, 2002 Weigle, S. About And Punishment! C. ( 2002 ). Assessing writing . Cambridge, UK : Cambridge University Press . [Crossref] [Google Scholar] ). External factors that have been researched include multiple-choice tests, grades in courses dependent on writing, teachers’ ratings of student writing skills, and history ww1, students’ self-evaluations (Ben-Simon Bennett, 2007 Ben-Simon, B. , Bennett, R. E. ( 2007 ). Toward more substantively meaningful automated essay scoring. The Journal of Technology, Learning, and Assessment, 6 (1). Retrieved from http://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/jtla/article/view/1631/1475 [Google Scholar] ). The third approach has explored the ehrenreich television essay scoring process and coursework, mental models used by AEE systems.
For example, one concern about dissertation report on capital budgeting, AEE scoring is the coursework weighting of length as a scoring trait because length was found to be a highly predictive feature in e-rater (Chodorow Burstein, 2004 Chodorow, M. , Burstein, J. ( 2004 ). Beyond essay length: Evaluating e-rater®’s performance on essay on betrayal TOEFL essays (Research Report No. Ww1! 73). Can You Write In A Week! Princeton, NJ : Educational Testing Service . [Google Scholar] ). In Jones’s ( 2006 Jones, E. ( 2006 ). ACCUPLACER’s essay-scoring technology: When reliability does not equal validity . In P. F. Ericsson , R. H. Haswell (Eds.), Machine scoring of student essays: Truth and consequences ( pp. History Coursework! 79–92 ). Logan, UT : Utah State University Press . [Google Scholar] ) study scored by WritePlacer Plus , ACCUPLACER’s program using IntelliMetric as its automated scoring system, 85% of the variance in essay ratings was accounted for by length. 1 1 In a recent competition, ETS invited people to write essays that could trick e-rater into assigning lower or higher ratings than deserved. The winner’s technique was simply to artist essay write a paragraph and repeat it 37 times. E-rater gave this essay the highest possible score of 6 while two human raters both scored it “1,” creating the maximum discrepancy of history coursework five points between automated and human scoring (Powers, Burstein, Chodorow, Fowles, Kukich, 2002 Powers, D. E. , Burstein, J. C. , Chodorow, M. , Fowles, M. E. , Kukich, K. ( 2002 ). Stumping e-rater : Challenging the validity of automated essay scoring . Computers in dissertation report budgeting, Human Behavior , 18, 103 – 134 . doi: 10.1016/S0747-5632(01)00052-8 [Crossref], [Web of history ww1 Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ). View all notes.
Xi ( 2010 Xi, X. ( 2010 ). Automated scoring and feedback systems: Where are we and where are we heading? Language Testing , 27, 291 – 300 . Dissertation Report! doi: 10.1177/0265532210364643 [Crossref], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ) developed a list of validity questions related to automated scoring, in the same way questions are asked in a validity argument (as proposed by Chapelle, Enright, Jamieson, 2008 Chapelle, C. , Enright, M. , Jamieson, J. (Eds.). ( 2008 ). Building a validity argument for TOEFL . New York : Routledge/Taylor and ww1, Francis Group . [Google Scholar] ). These questions included underrepresentation or misrepresentation of constructs and essay about crime, writing tasks, validity and consistency of scoring, and ww1, whether test takers’ knowledge of the scoring algorithms would impact their writing. AEE systems and non-native student writers of English. Particularly relevant to this study is the performance of essay about and punishment automated scoring systems on non-native (ESL and EFL) student essay responses. However, this dimension of AEE systems has received little attention (Coniam, 2009 Coniam, D. ( 2009 ). Experimenting with a computer essay-scoring program based on ESL student writing scripts . ReCALL , 21, 259 – 279 . doi: 10.1017/S0958344009000147 [Crossref], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ). History Coursework Ww1! Instead of building systems to directly target non-native English speaker responses, models for native speaker essays have been used for artist comparisons with non-native counterparts. As Warschauer and Ware ( 2006 Warschauer, M. , Ware, P. ( 2006 ). Automated writing evaluation: Defining the classroom research agenda . Language Teaching Research , 10, 157 – 180 . doi: 10.1191/1362168806lr190oa [Crossref], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ) noted, none of the AEE systems were originally built for the EFL/ESL population, but their development gradually has accommodated the needs of this population. This is demonstrated in the various feedback options, including first language feedback now available for history coursework ww1 speakers of Spanish, Chinese, Japanese, and Korean in MY Access . Yet questions still remain whether these accommodations, well intentioned as they are, really help EFL/ESL students improve their writing skills. Weigle ( 2013 Weigle, S. ( 2013 ). English as a second language writing and automated essay evaluation . In M. D. Shermis , J. Burstein (Eds.), Handbook of automated essay evaluation ( pp. 36–54 ). New York, NY : Routledge . [Google Scholar] ) also pointed out the need for “the applicability of automated essay scoring (AES) systems to non-native speakers (NNSs)” (p. 36). Liu and Kunnan ( 2016 Liu, S. , Kunnan, A. J. ( 2016 ). Investigating the applications of automated writing evaluation to Chinese undergraduate English majors: A case study of WritetoLearn . Can You A Thesis Week! CALICO Journal , 33, 71 – 91 . [Google Scholar] ) found that WriteToLearn with Chinese undergraduate study participants was consistent but highly severe compared to the four trained human raters in scoring essays but, more importantly, it failed to score seven essays.
EFL teachers and independent researchers’ studies. A number of EFL researchers have recently reported results of coursework their student writers’ reaction to essay MY Access and its instructional applications, including My Editor, MY Access ’ text analyzer and proofreading tool, and My Tutor , the writing instructional tool generating feedback. In Chen and Cheng’s ( 2006 Chen, C. E. , Cheng, W. ( 2006 , May ). The use of computer-based writing program: Facilitation or frustration? Paper presented at the 23rd International Conference on English Teaching and Learning , Republic of China . [Google Scholar] ) investigation of 68 students who reflected on their use of MY Access in their writing classes, students expressed concerns about ww1, two aspects: the unfairness of MY Access ’ grading and its inability to judge the content of essays. In addition, after the initial excitement, students started to feel the repetition and generality of the diagnostic feedback that they felt was not personalized enough to be useful for essay revision. Fang’s ( 2010 Fang, Y. United! ( 2010 ). Perceptions of the coursework computer-assisted writing program among EFL college learners . United Artist! Educational Technology Society , 13, 246 – 256 . [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ) study focused on student perceptions about history coursework ww1, using different tools on MY Access among 45 junior college students. The students found MY Access a useful writing tool, especially its grammatical proofreading tool, My Editor , but they were not totally happy with its essay scoring system. Essay About Crime And Punishment! Students also thought MY Access helped them more with locating and coursework ww1, revising form than content. Such results were reinforced by essay on betrayal Dikli’s ( 2010 Dikli, S. ( 2010 ). The nature of automated essay feedback . CALICO Journal , 28, 99 – 134 . doi: 10.11139/cj.28.1.99-134 [Crossref] [Google Scholar] ) investigation into the nature of coursework ww1 My Editor and My Tutor ’s feedback to ESL student essays. This study found significant differences between MY Access and written teacher feedback as well as students’ more positive response to the latter. The cutting edge work of AEE systems may yet be in providing diagnostic feedback to causes crime essays writers.
Some error detection programs have been making improvements over the last few decades to coursework ww1 improve their specificity together with precision. Leacock and Chodorow ( 2003 Leacock, C. , Chodorow, M. ( 2003 ). Automated grammatical error detection . In M. D. Shermis , J. United Artist! Burstein (Eds.), Automated essay scoring: A cross-disciplinary perspective ( pp. Ww1! 195–208 ). Mahwah, NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates . [Google Scholar] ) argued that the value of error diagnosis depends on how specific and informative it is. They take the position that generic responses, such as “something is wrong here,” are inferior to specific comments, such as “this is a subject-verb agreement error.” With the about and punishment latter kind of feedback, students are provided more cues to improve their writing. Assessment of Lexical Knowledge is history coursework, reported to achieve a precision level of 80% in a thesis, pointing out errors.
This still means that 20% errors flagged are actually well-formed constructions (Leacock Chodorow, 2003 Leacock, C. , Chodorow, M. ( 2003 ). Automated grammatical error detection . In M. D. Shermis , J. Burstein (Eds.), Automated essay scoring: A cross-disciplinary perspective ( pp. 195–208 ). Mahwah, NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates . [Google Scholar] ). Their study also showed that the four most predictive error types for student essays are agreement, ill-formed modals, ill-formed infinitive clauses, and ill-formed participles. MY Access has an error feedback tool called My Editor . It detects spelling, grammar, and coursework ww1, punctuations errors. About Crime! It also diagnoses vocabulary choice and sentential-level errors. As students click on My Editor when they work on their drafts or revise an already submitted essay, a computer screen shows the students their essays with errors.
Automated feedback can thus be used as an history coursework ww1, initial response to artist student writing. The possible quick generation of feedback to student essays also is better than the notoriously time-consuming nature of coursework writing instructors giving feedback, especially in large classes. Of course, the expectation is that diagnostic feedback will help student writers, although the written error feedback literature poses some concerns. Research in the area of artist essay written corrective feedback (WCF) has not been conclusive in what extent student writers benefit from coursework ww1, WCF or even whether they benefit at all (see Ferris, 1999 Ferris, D. ( 1999 ). The case for grammar correction in L2 writing classes: A response to Truscott (1996) . Journal of Second Language Writing , 8, 1 – 11 . doi: 10.1016/S1060-3743(99)80110-6 [Crossref] [Google Scholar] , 2004 Ferris, D. ( 2004 ). The “grammar correction” debate in L2 writing: Where are we, and where do we go from here? (and what do we do in the meantime…?) . Journal of macbeth Second Language Writing , 13, 49 – 62 . doi: 10.1016/j.jslw.2004.04.005 [Crossref], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] , 2006 Ferris, D. ( 2006 ). Does error feedback help student writers? New evidence on the short- and long-term effects of written error correction . In K. History Coursework! Hyland , F. Hyland (Eds.), Feedback in crime and punishment, second language writing: Contexts and issues ( pp. 81–104 ). Cambridge, UK : Cambridge University Press . [Crossref] [Google Scholar] ; Shintani, Ellis, Suzuki, 2014 Shintani, N. , Ellis, R. , Suzuki, W. ( 2014 ). Effects of written feedback and revision on learners’ accuracy in using two English grammatical structures . Language Learning , 64, 103 – 131 . doi: 10.1111/lang.2014.64.issue-1 [Crossref], [Web of history coursework Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ). The picture is crime, further complicated because most automated error feedback is in English, with a very limited range of first language options. This is in line with Dikli’s ( 2010 Dikli, S. ( 2010 ). The nature of automated essay feedback . CALICO Journal , 28, 99 – 134 . doi: 10.11139/cj.28.1.99-134 [Crossref] [Google Scholar] ) findings in her study, which suggested that systems need to improve their feedback to non-native essays by history ww1 giving shorter and essay, less redundant feedback using simpler language and adding feedback for off-topic or repetitive essays. Xi ( 2010 Xi, X. ( 2010 ). Automated scoring and feedback systems: Where are we and history coursework ww1, where are we heading? Language Testing , 27, 291 – 300 . doi: 10.1177/0265532210364643 [Crossref], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ) developed a list of validity questions related to automated feedback: whether automated feedback system accurately identifies writers’ errors, whether it can do this consistently, and artist, whether the feedback is meaningful, and whether the feedback results in coursework ww1, improved writing. Liu and Kunnan ( 2016 Liu, S. , Kunnan, A. J. ( 2016 ). Investigating the applications of automated writing evaluation to dissertation on capital Chinese undergraduate English majors: A case study of WritetoLearn . Coursework! CALICO Journal , 33, 71 – 91 . [Google Scholar] ) found in their examination of essay crime WriteToLearn’s feedback, overall precision and recall of errors were only 49% and 18.7% respectively.
These figures did not meet the minimum threshold of history coursework ww1 90% precision (set by Burstein, Chodorow, Leacock, 2003 Burstein, J. , Chodorow, M. , Leacock, C. ( 2003 ). Criterion online essay evaluation: An application for automated evaluation of student essays . Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference on on capital Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence , Acapulco, Mexico . [Google Scholar] ) for it to be considered a reliable error detecting tool. Furthermore, it had difficulty in identifying errors in the use of articles, prepositions, word choice, and expression. On the basis of the issues raised in automated scoring and diagnostic feedback, we decided to examine the coursework ww1 following research questions. What do the agreement and strength of the relationship between human ratings and MY Access ’ scores reveal about MY Access ’ rating? How does MY Access address content as a scoring trait? How does it treat off-topic essays? How accurate is about and punishment, My Editor ’s feedback when compared to coursework ww1 that of writing instructors?
Data were collected from television, a total of 114 EFL and ESL student writers. The participants contributed 147 essays from three prompts, 105 essays based on two prompts from the list of history ww1 90 preloaded prompts on MY Access! Home Edition and 42 essays based on one end-of-term essay prompt that was not a pre-loaded prompt. The sample included 97 Vietnamese EFL students and 17 ESL students in the United States. The Vietnamese EFL students were either second- or third-year English majors at a university in central Vietnam pursuing a 4-year BA program. The 17 ESL students were level four and five (intermediate to about crime advanced) students in an Intensive English Program (IEP) at coursework, a State University in California. The large majority of these ESL students were Asian, with Chinese as the biggest group.
Three prompts were used in all. Two prompts from MY Access were selected from can you a thesis in a week, a list of 90 pre-loaded prompts based on their genres: one informative and history coursework ww1, one argumentative. Prompt 1 was titled What have you learned? Prompt 2 was titled Internet classrooms vs. Traditional classrooms . The third writing prompt was not on the list of 90 pre-loaded topics on MY Access . It was an end-of-term exam prompt administered at macbeth essay on betrayal, the university in Vietnam. Prompt 3 was titled Milestones . Prompts 1 and 2 as they appeared on MY Access are presented in history ww1, Appendix A and Prompt 3 is presented in Appendix B. Experimental prompts used by the researcher. A total of 42 end-of-term exam essays were submitted to three different MY Access prompts, two of which were pre-loaded topics on causes essays MY Access (one persuasive “Challenges of Parenthood” and one informative “Power sources in the Year 2050”) serving as “false” prompts for history coursework these essays, and the other was the teacher-created prompt (the real topic). The researcher used the teacher-created topic function on MY Access to add the essay on betrayal following end-of-term exam prompt: “What are the history ww1 important milestones in a person’s life in your culture?
Give the reasons why they are important.” These essays submitted to report on capital budgeting this newly created prompt in the system produced a set of 42 scores. Afterward, these essays were submitted to the two false prompts, called the first and second experimental prompts. These experimental prompts and the teacher-created topic are presented in Appendix B. The two essay prompts from MY Access were administered as either homework practice or in-class essays, depending on the genres each class was working on in their curriculum and their class schedules. History Ww1! More specifically, the homework essays were keyed in by the student writers and sent to in a the teachers in the Word file, which were then forwarded to coursework the researcher. Artist! The in-class essays were handwritten and submitted to history the teachers. Afterward, these essays were typed up and double-checked for fidelity to dissertation on capital budgeting the original handwritten versions. The third group of history essays written to the teacher-created prompt included student essays written in a 90-minute exam for the previous semester. Poverty Crime! The variation in history coursework, essay writing conditions among the write week participants does not interfere with the results of the study because MY Access is designed to facilitate self-conducted writing practice, and history coursework ww1, timing or the macbeth resources students get access to while writing are all acceptable, as long as the final essays are typed in history coursework ww1, and submitted online to dissertation report budgeting the system. The scoring of the 105 essays written to ww1 the two prompts from MY Access was based on a holistic rubric posted on MY Access website (see Appendix C). The rubric used was a 1–6 scoring scale with five major traits of writing: Focus and Meaning, Content and Development, Organization, Language Use and Style, Mechanics and Conventions.
Corresponding to each score point was a brief description of each trait. For example, to achieve a “6,” an essay establishes and maintains “an insightful controlling or central idea and demonstrates a thorough understanding of the purpose and audience [in terms of Focus and Meaning]” or “contains little or no errors in essay, paragraphing, grammar and usage, punctuation, spelling, and mechanics [in terms of Mechanics and history ww1, Conventions].” On the other hand, “1” indicated an essay that inadequately communicated the writer’s message and essay about crime, failed to support ideas with details and/or examples (in Content and Development). After the history essays were put together, coded, and essay, printed out, they were sent to two human raters for scoring. History Ww1! The raters were both non-native EFL instructors with MA degrees in TESOL with about 5 years of essay on betrayal teaching experience at the tertiary level in Vietnam. Prior to the actual scoring, the raters worked together to clarify the guidelines of the holistic scoring rubric posted on ww1 MY Access . They also went through some essays that had been rated by MY Access to get an overview of causes crime essays how Intellimetric rated these essays based on ww1 the set of criteria in poverty causes, the rubric.
After that, the raters piloted their ratings on a small set of four essays and analyzed the differences in their ratings to resolve any problems regarding their interpretation of the rubric. The scoring rubrics were examined to see if there were high agreements between human ratings and MY Access ratings. Double ratings from two trained EFL teachers were obtained and averaged for the set of essays written to coursework ww1 the two prompts on dissertation MY Access . An inter-rater agreement analysis (exact, adjacent, and discrepant) and correlation analyses were conducted. In addition, the effects of prompts and raters on ratings and history coursework ww1, the effect of essay length on ratings were examined by using ANOVA. Forty-two essays written for the end-of-term exam were collected. Because these essays were written to a topic other than the 90 ones pre-loaded on MY Access , they provided a tool to reveal the way IntelliMetric deals with content in assigning ratings. Pearson correlations were calculated between the ratings these essays received when they were submitted to the real topic (using the teacher-created function on MY Access ) and the ratings MY Access generated as these same essays were submitted to the two experimental (or false) topics on ehrenreich the system. In addition, with the history ww1 help of the corpus-based vocabulary tool Compleat Lexical Tutor (Lextutor at http://www.lextutor.ca/), which uses the one-million-word Brown corpus, quantitative statistics were generated for word frequencies and keywords used in the texts created from the essays. This analysis provided clues regarding how MY Access dealt with off-topic essays by examining data from the content analysis of the 42 end-of-term essays. Two theoretical concepts termed precision and recall were examined for this question.
Specifically, precision is the number of cases in which My Editor and a thesis, the human annotator agree are errors divided by the total number of cases that My Editor flags as errors (Burstein et al ., 2003 Burstein, J. , Chodorow, M. , Leacock, C. ( 2003 ). Criterion online essay evaluation: An application for automated evaluation of student essays . Coursework! Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference on Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence , Acapulco, Mexico . [Google Scholar] ). Recall is the number of united essay cases correctly identified by My Editor (the hits) divided by the total human annotator-flagged cases. That is, the history number of essay My Editor ’s hits divided by the total of hits and misses (i.e., cases identified by the human annotator but overlooked by My Editor ). In this analysis, 15 essays were randomly selected from the sample. The first EFL teacher annotated errors using the coursework ww1 same system of error tags adopted by My Editor . Error tagging was based on four major trait feedback categories: grammar, usage, mechanics, and style. Only the first three traits were focused on. The trait of style was intentionally left out of poverty this analysis because it constitutes an ambiguous aspect of writing (Burstein et al ., 2003 Burstein, J. Coursework! , Chodorow, M. , Leacock, C. ( 2003 ). Criterion online essay evaluation: An application for automated evaluation of student essays . Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference on Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence , Acapulco, Mexico . Can You Write In A Week! [Google Scholar] ). For the purpose of this basically quantitative analysis, judgments about good or bad writing style may be too subjective to be suitable. Errors identified were tallied for coursework ww1 the calculation of a thesis week precision and recall . Before the actual coding of errors took place, the human annotator underwent a self-training process to familiarize herself with MY Access ’ error tagging system.
She submitted 10 essays from the collected data (other than the 15 essays in the subsample) to history coursework MY Access to have a thorough look at can you write a thesis week, the feedback generated by history My Editor . Through this, a list of can you write in a week error tags were noted down, including 16 categories: spelling, capitalisation, article, preposition, run-on sentence, fragment, consistency, contraction, punctuation, subject-verb agreement, word form, mass and count nouns, wrong word choice, confused word, comparative, and superlative. The actual error annotation was done with constant reference to reliable sources of grammar and English language use, some of which include Raymond Murphy’s ( 1994 Murphy, R. ( 1994 ). English grammar in use: A self-study reference and practice book for intermediate students ( 2nd ed .). Ww1! Cambridge, UK : Cambridge University Press . [Google Scholar] ) English Grammar in Use , Michael Swan’s ( 2005 Swan, M. Essay About! ( 2005 ). Practical English usage ( 3rd ed .). Oxford, UK : Oxford University Press [Google Scholar] ) Practical English Usage , and John Eastwood’s ( 1999 Eastwood, J. ( 1999 ). Oxford practice grammar ( 2nd ed .). Oxford, UK : Oxford University Press . [Google Scholar] ) Oxford Practice Grammar . Research question 1: MY Access ’s rubrics for scoring essays. Descriptive statistics of human ratings and history, MY Access ratings. Descriptive statistics for the three sets of essay ratings by human Ratings 1 and 2 and MY Access are shown in Table 1. History Coursework Ww1! The results show very similar mean ratings from the two human raters, while MY Access appears to be more generous. Automated Essay Evaluation for united essay English Language Learners:A Case Study of MY Access. Table 1. Descriptives ( N = 105). In general, ratings from the two human raters, their averaged ratings, and MY Access ratings met the necessary assumptions regarding normal distribution, linearity, and range on the 1–6 scale.
Therefore, correlations, ANOVA, and simple linear regression could be calculated. Table 2 reports the exact and adjacent agreement percentages (Attali Burstein, 2006 Attali, Y. , Burstein, J. ( 2006 ). Automated essay scoring with e-rater® v.2 . Journal of Technology, Learning, and Assessment , 4(3). Retrieved from http://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/jtla/article/view/1650/1492 [Google Scholar] ; Chodorow Burstein, 2004 Chodorow, M. , Burstein, J. ( 2004 ). History Ww1! Beyond essay length: Evaluating e-rater®’s performance on TOEFL essays (Research Report No. 73). Princeton, NJ : Educational Testing Service . [Google Scholar] ) between the two human ratings and between the averaged human ratings with MY Access ratings. Generally, there was better agreement between the about crime and punishment two human ratings than their agreement with MY Access . An exact plus adjacent agreement statistic of 71.4% and history coursework ww1, a disparate statistic of 28.6 % between human and MY Access scoring are not very convincing results.
Automated Essay Evaluation for English Language Learners:A Case Study of MY Access. Table 2. Human inter-rater and rater- MY Access agreement ( N = 105). Correlations between human ratings and MY Access’s scoring. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated between the two human ratings and crime, between the human ratings and MY Access ratings. History Coursework! Table 3 shows a fairly strong correlation between Human Rater 1 and Rater 2 ( r = .783, p .05), but the correlations between Human Rater 1 and macbeth, MY Access ( r = .672, p .05) and Human Rater 2 and MY Access ( r = .629, p .05) were both moderate. Furthermore, correlation between Averaged human Rater 1 and Rater 2 ratings and MY Access ’ ratings was also moderate ( r = .688, p .05).
Automated Essay Evaluation for English Language Learners:A Case Study of history coursework MY Access. Table 3. Correlations between two human ratings and can you write a thesis, MY Access ratings. Difference between human ratings’ average and MY Access ratings. A paired-samples t- test was computed to compare the means of human ratings’ average and MY Access ratings. The mean of the averaged human ratings’ was 3.76 (SD = 1.18), and the mean of MY Access ratings was 4.09 (SD = 1.19).
The t -test showed that there is history, a statistically significant mean difference between the human ratings and MY Access : ( t (104) = ?3.538, p .05). The effects of prompts and raters on ehrenreich ratings. A 2 ? 3 mixed-design ANOVA was calculated to examine the history effects of the prompts (Prompt 1 and a thesis in a, Prompt 2) and history ww1, ratings (Rater 1, Rater 2, and MY Access ) on ratings. The dependent variables (Rater 1, Rater 2, and ehrenreich, MY Access ratings) in the ANOVA test met the assumptions of being normally distributed and measured on an interval scale. The main effect for rater ( F (2,103) = 7.516, p .01) and the main effect for prompt ( F (1,103) = 18.912, p .01) were statistically significant but the prompt x rater interaction ( F (2,206) = 1.259, p .01) was not significant. Essay length as a predictive feature. A simple linear regression was calculated predicting essay ratings assigned by history coursework both human raters and united artist essay, MY Access based on essay length (i.e., the number of history ww1 words in each essay). A significant regression was found ( F (1,103) = 118.002, p .05) with an write week, R 2 of .534.
The predicted score of an essay (assigned by the human raters) is history, equal to 1.302 + .008 (length) points when length is measured in number of words. Essay ratings increased .008 point for about and punishment each extra word. A simple linear regression was then calculated predicting MY Access ratings based on history coursework essay length. A significant regression was found ( F (1,103) = 116.719, p .05), with an on capital budgeting, R 2 of .531. The predicted score of an history ww1, essay (assigned by MY Access ) is equal to 1.610 + .008 (length) points when length is measured in number of words. Essay ratings increased .008 point for each extra word. As can be seen in the results above, about 53% of the variance in both the averaged human ratings and united artist essay, MY Access ratings could be accounted for by essay length. Therefore, length was found to be an coursework, equally strong predictor of the ratings assigned by both MY Access and write week, the human raters. Research question 2: Content in MY Access ’s scoring models. Descriptive statistics of the three sets of ww1 ratings submitted to three MY Access prompts.
As shown in Table 4, the television essay mean score of the 42 essays was highest when they were submitted to the teacher-created prompt. This set of score is termed the real score, followed by the mean score as the same essays were submitted to ww1 the first experimental prompt, then to the second experimental prompt. Informed by on betrayal prior research on other automated scoring programs and a strong feeling that essays written to history ww1 teacher-created topics on television essay MY Access cannot be “comprehended” by the system, the researcher played a trick to confirm her doubts. Forty-two essays were submitted to three different prompts in MY Access and the results are presented here. Experimental topic 1: Challenges of parenthood.
When the essays answering the teacher-created topic on “Important milestones in your culture” were submitted to ww1 the first experimental prompt “The challenges of can you a thesis (teenage) parenthood,” only 11 essays (26%) were flagged as off-topic while 27 received the feedback “great job”; the remaining four were given “1 s” due to history coursework “major syntax problems” (“great job” and “major syntax probems” are generic diagnostic feedback phrases used by MY Access to describe essays earning high overall score and those having poor grammar use, respectively). When the two prompts were compared, the real topic and the first experimental one, there was possible overlapping content in student essay responses. An examination of the 42 essays showed that 24 essays mentioned “becoming a parent” or at least “becoming a parent after getting married” as one of the most important milestones in their culture. Furthermore, most of the dissertation essays frequently referred to words like grandparents, parents, adulthood/adult, married , and teenage/teenager . Below is the list of history ww1 word frequency derived from the submission of all the essays (making a 15580-word text) to the corpus-based Compleat Lexical Tutor ( Lextutor ) that counts words in texts and lists their keywords based on crime essays the obtained word frequencies. It then compares these keywords, which are the words in the texts that are far more frequent, proportionally, than they are in a general reference corpus. Lextutor uses the Brown corpus, whose one million words comprise 500 texts of 2000 words on a broad range of topics.
Figure 2 lists the 30 most frequent words for this 15580-word text, with those most likely to appear frequently in essays written to the first experimental prompt in bold. To interpret the number preceding each word listed in coursework, Figure 1 and 2, it is instructive to consider the artist explanation cited from Lextutor : The number accompanying each word represents the number of times more frequent the coursework word is in your text than it is in essay on betrayal, the Brown corpus. Ww1! For example, the first item in the output 1364.00 milestone is calculated on the basis that milestone has 4 natural occurrences in the Brown’s 1 million words, but 85 occurrences in your 15580-word text. These 85 occurrences are proportionally a lot more than the 4 occurrences in the Brown. Taken as a proportion of dissertation report 1,000,000 words, these 85 occurrences represent 85/15580 ? 1,000,000 = 5456 virtual occurrences.
These 5456 occurrences are 1364.00 times more numerous than the 4 occurrences in Brown. [www.lextutor.ca/keywords/freak.pl] Automated Essay Evaluation for English Language Learners:A Case Study of MY Access. Figure 1. Most frequently used words in the combined text of 42 essays. Figure 1. Most frequently used words in the combined text of 42 essays. Automated Essay Evaluation for English Language Learners:A Case Study of MY Access. Figure 2. Most frequently used words in the combined text of 11 off-topic essays. Figure 2. Most frequently used words in coursework ww1, the combined text of 11 off-topic essays. Judging from the corpus comparison and the possible overlapping content areas between these two prompts, MY Access ’s failure to on betrayal recognize the ww1 off-topicness of 31 of the 42 essays seems predictable. Essay About Crime! The 11 essays flagged as off-topic were then put together in history ww1, a subtext of 3,969 words and submitted to Lextutor for the frequency list. Again, the 30 most frequent words in this subtext are shown in Figure 2. What can be seen from the comparison of the two lists is that words more relevant to crime and punishment the expected content area of becoming parents during the history ww1 teenage years have disappeared, including babies, grandparents, spouse, parents, eighteen , and artist essay, happiness . Table 5 presents a few of the mismatches between human ratings and MY Access ratings for off-topic essays. The ratings assigned by MY Access are much higher for all off-topic essays.
Automated Essay Evaluation for history English Language Learners:A Case Study of macbeth MY Access. Table 4. Descriptives of ratings for coursework same submissions to three MY Access prompts ( N = 42). Automated Essay Evaluation for crime English Language Learners:A Case Study of coursework ww1 MY Access. Table 5. Mismatched ratings of ehrenreich television essay off-topic essays. Experimental topic 2: Power sources in history coursework ww1, the year 2050. When the same set of essays was submitted to the second experimental prompt about “Power sources in macbeth essay, the Year 2050,” a totally irrelevant focus compared to the real topic, 40 essays were flagged as “off-topic”; only two received 1 s due to “major syntax problems.” In contrast, none of the ww1 submissions to the teacher-created (real) topic “Important milestones in your culture” was flagged as “off-topic,” with 36 receiving “great job,” and six given 1 s due to “major syntax problems.”
My Editor ’s error feedback: Accuracy. Table 6 presents precision and recall measures of the ehrenreich essay human annotator and history ww1, My Editor ’s error feedback. Automated Essay Evaluation for English Language Learners:A Case Study of MY Access. Table 6. Ehrenreich! Human annotator and My Editor ’s error feedback results. In this subsample of history coursework 15 essays, students made far more mistakes with articles (124 errors) than with any other error type. Ehrenreich Essay! Punctuations and run-on sentences were next on history coursework the list.
Subject-verb agreement was the fourth problematic area that needed attention. The number of the errors found in each of the other types ranged from ehrenreich, 0 to 36. Of the total number of errors in each error type identified by the human annotator, My Editor demonstrated quite an uneven performance. My Editor was most precise in its identification of open or closed spelling errors, although in this subsample, it corrected only two cases ( part time to part-time and history ww1, everyday to every day ), both of which matched the human annotator. However, the system also missed a lot of open/closed spelling cases that needed corrections with the recall of only 28.6%, which means it missed 71.4% of the causes total human-flagged cases. My Editor also did well with article errors, with the precision of history coursework 96.9%. However, similar to crime open/closed spelling errors, the system missed 75% errors of this type the history coursework ww1 human annotator identified.
Capitalization and run-on sentences were the two error types that showed a similar pattern in My Editor ’s performance: a precision of around 80% accompanied by the missing level of about 50% of all the cases flagged by the human annotator. Spelling and consistency, which combined the two subtypes of verb group consistency and macbeth, noun phrase consistency errors, exhibited the ww1 smallest number of cases overlooked by My Editor with recall values of 76.9 and 70.2, respectively. Of all the cases tagged by My Editor in these two types, around 80% were precise diagnoses. In addition, My Editor failed to read the essays at the sentence and discourse level. It was least precise with its diagnosis of ehrenreich essay confused words errors with precision of only 28.6% and recall of 11.1%. Ww1! This means that of all errors in this category flagged by My Editor , only 28.6% were really errors; the rest were false positives.
It also missed almost 89% cases of essay this type compared to the human annotator. Overall, My Editor was 73% precise in flagging errors of the history ww1 16 error types designated for this analysis and covered 39.6% of all the errors the human annotator flagged. In other words, it missed 60.4% errors that should be attended to according to the human judgment. Researchers on can you write a thesis in a error feedback tools maintain that they would choose to coursework ww1 err on the side of precision over recall (Burstein et al ., 2003 Burstein, J. , Chodorow, M. , Leacock, C. ( 2003 ). Criterion online essay evaluation: An application for automated evaluation of student essays . Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference on essay on betrayal Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence , Acapulco, Mexico . [Google Scholar] ; Chodorow, Gamon, Tetreault, 2010 Chodorow, M. History! , Gamon, M. , Tetreault, J. Artist Essay! ( 2010 ). The utility of article and preposition error correction systems for history English language learners: Feedback and assessment . Language Testing , 27, 419 – 436 . doi: 10.1177/0265532210364391 [Crossref], [Web of causes crime essays Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ), which “means that we [they] would rather miss an error than tell the coursework ww1 student that a well-formed construction is ill-formed” (Burstein et al ., 2003 Burstein, J. , Chodorow, M. , Leacock, C. ( 2003 ). Criterion online essay evaluation: An application for automated evaluation of student essays . Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference on Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence , Acapulco, Mexico . Poverty! [Google Scholar] , p. 6). In studying Criterion , Burstein et al . ( 2003 Burstein, J. , Chodorow, M. , Leacock, C. ( 2003 ). Criterion online essay evaluation: An application for history automated evaluation of ehrenreich student essays . Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference on Innovative Applications of ww1 Artificial Intelligence , Acapulco, Mexico . [Google Scholar] ) set the minimum threshold of 90% precision for the tool to be useful for students. If My Editor is judged by these criteria, it falls short. My Editor ’s feedback offers suggestions for possible errors rather than dictating corrections to the writers.
Students can click on on capital any error tagged by My Editor , and a smaller screen pops up to explain the problem. After the brief diagnosis, there are some suggestions that students can choose from. The screen also demonstrates the rule that explains more generally how My Editor identifies and deals with that error type (e.g., spelling, preposition, etc.). General examples and ww1, ways to correct the artist errors in the examples are also provided. With this diagnosis-suggestions-example-rule approach, students can learn to judge for history themselves if they have really made a mistake and choose among the given correction options. United! However, certain gaps in MY Editor ’s feedback can be addressed to better accommodate the ESL/EFL learners’ needs. What was noticeable about My Editor ’s feedback about history ww1, noun phrase consistency was its double flagging of the write a thesis same errors: It is sure that there are many Mass vs. count errors conflict Noun phrase consistency errors. The word conflict in the above sentence should agree in number with its plural determiner many . Therefore, labeling it as noun phrase consistency (implying inconsistent number agreement) is the best way to coursework ww1 draw the student’s attention to his/her mistake.
However, the first label mass vs. count errors on causes crime the same word suggesting “if the history ww1 sentence requires a singular noun, consider [much] or [many a] instead of ‘many’” goes against the second suggestion of consistency. Such conflicting comments can confuse the student who may think that they need to fix two errors. Double flagging also occurred among Subject-Verb Agreement errors. For example, in the next sentence, “Argument Subject-verb agreement errors take Subject-verb agreement errors place,” it is suggested that argument be changed to arguments to agree with the plural verb form take , while in the second place, it is suggested that take (which should be grammatically correct now after the poverty essays change of the subject noun) be changed to takes to agree with the original subject noun argument . Along with articles, the history English tense-aspect system is crime and punishment, problematic for EFL learners, especially those from Asian first language backgrounds. Yet My Editor does not seem to be programmed to deal with tense and aspect errors, except for its two rare attempts at diagnosing cases related to tense errors, both of which failed.
The first one was a false positive where the system traced back to the preposition at in the phrase at childhood and assumed that at history ww1, refers to macbeth on betrayal the past. It thus suggested the inappropriate use of could have become . Here is MY Access ’s annotation. At childhood, we are taught carefully by parents, teachers. We are take Verb group consistency errors care of or bring up carefully from many peoples around. That is history ww1, a good environment so that The child can become Incorrect use of past tense a good person at first life.
The second attempt successfully located the error and offered a usable suggestion, but its flagging term was misleading for the student as this error is not about tense: Besides, students haven’t Verb tense, instead of ‘have not’, consider using the poverty essays more standard [do not have] to pay for buying books, textbooks are in the Internet too. Except for these two cases, nowhere else in all the essays could feedback be found about inconsistent or wrong tense usage. In essay ESL2-14, the use of tenses was a major issue, but MY Access overlooked them. The adverbial phrase in history ww1, the past is clear evidence of past tense.
My Editor did not identify the error. In the past, all the students have to take the traditional classroom. Many students sit in the classroom. There is macbeth, blackboard Missing articles, computer, desks and history, chairs. All the students take the class in the classroom like that . (From Essay ESL2-14) These gaps in My Editor ’s feedback can be attributed to its inability to handle information across sentences at the discourse level. As long as words or phrases were grammatically correct, meaning and ehrenreich television, content were ignored. In the first research question, the exact plus adjacent agreement between human ratings and coursework, MY Access were moderate (71.4%) and the correlations between human ratings and MY Access were also moderate (r = .688). But the difference between the averaged human rater score and united, MY Access was found to be statistically significant. Coursework! These findings do not provide adequate support for any implicit claims of ehrenreich television essay MY Access that it can score essays like human raters.
In addition, a feature shared by human and ww1, automated scoring is that 53% of the variance in about crime and punishment, both ratings could be accounted for by the length of the essays. Overall, the agreement and correlational findings in this study were not very different from those found in history coursework ww1, earlier studies of artist essay e-rater and IEA systems. But Vantage Learning’s ( MY Access’s developer) findings of .93 correlation and history ww1, 76% exact agreement and 99% for adjacent agreement were not found in this study. Thus, the high agreements and correlation indices found in studies conducted by MY Access developers (Attali Burstein, 2006 Attali, Y. , Burstein, J. ( 2006 ). Automated essay scoring with e-rater® v.2 . Journal of Technology, Learning, and macbeth essay, Assessment , 4(3). Retrieved from http://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/jtla/article/view/1650/1492 [Google Scholar] ; Vantage Learning, 2006 Vantage Learning. Ww1! ( 2006 ). Research summary: Intellimetric scoring accuracy across genres and grade levels . Retrieved from http://www.vantagelearning.com/docs/intellimetric/IM_ResearchSummary_IntelliMetric_Accuracy_Across_Genre_and_Grade_Levels.pdf [Google Scholar] , as cited in Liu Kunnan, 2016 Liu, S. , Kunnan, A. J. ( 2016 ). Investigating the applications of automated writing evaluation to Chinese undergraduate English majors: A case study of macbeth WritetoLearn . CALICO Journal , 33, 71 – 91 . [Google Scholar] ) could not be confirmed. In the second research question of history ww1 how MY Access dealt with content, the essay and punishment results show that My Access scores off-topic essays more generously because it is unable to systematically flag the essays as off-topic. History Ww1! It is obvious MY Access “read” the essays in mathematical models of syntax, lexis, mechanics, and discourse.
This is a real problem because the ability to identify off-topic essays is a capability that trained human raters are expected to have and any AEE system that is developed to either supplement or replace human raters must have. With cutting-edge developments in the field of computational linguistics and ehrenreich, corpus linguistics, it is coursework, hoped that off-topic essays can be identified in the future in the same way human readers can by reading and judging essays for their overall meaning and other features, such as persuasiveness and voice. The third research question examined MY Access ’s automated feedback in accuracy and potential gaps compared to human annotators of errors in the essays. Its instructional tool, called My Editor , is uneven in its ability to detect errors correctly and provide appropriate corrective feedback. Specifically, its accuracy in many grammatical areas is artist, low and uneven. Furthermore, its standard as a useful error feedback tool is history coursework, too low by the 90% standard set up by researchers such as Burstein et al . ( 2003 Burstein, J. , Chodorow, M. , Leacock, C. ( 2003 ). Criterion online essay evaluation: An application for automated evaluation of student essays . Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference on Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence , Acapulco, Mexico . Crime And Punishment! [Google Scholar] ). My Editor ’s plausible four-step sequence (clarification-suggestions-example-rule) in generating error feedback is supposed to turn errors into learning opportunities not only by scaffolding students’ judgments about possible errors in history, their essays but also by can you write in a providing them with linguistic knowledge as they work their way through the feedback. However, this approach presents two possible problems. First, the metalanguage used to history coursework describe the errors, offer suggestions, and state the rules may challenge ESL/EFL students’ comprehension due to macbeth essay on betrayal their limited knowledge of the target language. Second, such an approach does not discriminate between error types.
For example, the way article errors are dealt with should not be identical to the way spelling errors are treated. While the former constitutes a highly problematic area for EFL/ESL students and thus cannot be simply pointed out without clarification, the latter is usually straightforward and ww1, only needs flagging for students to easily correct themselves. Thus, the meaningfulness of error feedback has to be addressed in AEE systems. Furthermore, prioritization of errors is necessary in the feedback system (e.g., syntactic errors vs. usage errors vs. discourse coherence errors); this prioritization needs to match the priorities of writing for macbeth on betrayal a particular purpose and proficiency level. We conducted this study from the perspective of EFL writing instruction. The findings of the study point to history coursework ww1 two practical implications for EFL teachers who may use AEE. Poverty! First, the diagnostic feedback MY Access generated was not individualized, simple, and accurate enough for home tutoring purposes, although it would serve as a good companion to writing instructors to coursework offer instant and intial diagnostic feedback.
At the same time, as Whithaus ( 2006 Whithaus, C. ( 2006 ). Always already: Automated essay scoring and grammar-checkers in college writing courses . In P. F. Ericsson , R. H. Haswell (Eds.), Machine scoring of can you a thesis in a student essays: Truth and consequences ( pp. 166–176 ). Ww1! Logan, UT : Utah State University Press . [Google Scholar] ) puts it, “When software is used as a tool for assessment, response, or revision, it is not necessarily opposed to effective composition pedagogies” (p. 170). The optimum choice could be a combined pedagogy where the writing instructor acts as the facilitator between students and AEE systems prior to and while using it in the writing class. Second, the question of how AEE systems should be incorporated in EFL writing instructors’ lesson plans is partially answered. It is worth stressing that at dissertation report, this moment in the development of the ww1 AEE, it would be unwise to paddle against the current by television essay refusing AEE systems as part of instruction.
In the history coursework United States, AEE systems have been making a presence at different educational levels from united, middle schools to tertiary institutions to history ww1 assess writing in placement or practice tests. Similarly, EFL writing classes can benefit from helpful features of AEE systems, such as its instant scoring and essay about and punishment, feedback, which make regular practice possible without adding to history coursework the workload of classroom instructors. But for essay this to happen, AEE systems have to history ww1 offer a more conducive computer-mediated and Web-based environment where teaching and learning take place. Beyond this study, there are some positives to using AEE systems. Essay! First, providing scores and feedback instantly (even if it is on history coursework word and sentence-level errors) can clearly reduce the burden of writing instructors’ grading work so that they can deal with other critical aspects of writing after the AEE feedback and report budgeting, possible revisions. Second, offering automated feedback without the instructor could be useful in contexts where loss of face is a major consideration for students. History Ww1! To illustrate, some students might be willing to accept repeated error correction and about crime and punishment, low grades from an ww1, AEE system instead of receiving similar criticisms from an instructor.
But many persistent questions remain: Would AEE systems be more suitable for formative and essay crime, in-class writing assessments? Could AEE systems be used for other types of writing tasks, such as short answer or descriptive responses? Could AEE systems cause unintended consequences, such as changes in students’ writing strategies? Could AEE systems evaluate writing styles or approaches from students around the world without bias to any sub-groups? Could AEE systems become transparent enough to coursework ww1 allow assessment professionals to examine the suitability of the systems for use in their own contexts? These questions need to be pursued.
This research was funded by The Fulbright Vietnamese Student Program. Prompts used in can you a thesis in a, the study (from MY Access ) Prompt 1 (Informative) What Have You Learned? Although school may not always be fun, it’s essential for our education and development. School teaches us really important lessons that will help us later in life. What is the most important thing you have learned in school so far? Write a multi-paragraph essay in coursework ww1, which you discuss one thing school has taught you and its importance to your life and your future. Use specific examples and details to support your response.
Prompt 2 (Argumentative) Internet Classrooms vs. Traditional Classrooms. With advancements in technology, some students have chosen to complete their schoolwork through the Internet, rather than in traditional classrooms. Those who support a traditional classroom approach to learning argue that it provides more of an opportunity for students to essay crime interact with the teacher and history coursework ww1, other students. Those who feel that learning over the Internet is better argue that it allows students to dissertation learn anytime and anywhere they choose. Do you feel education is better provided in coursework ww1, traditional classrooms or when offered over the Internet?
Write an essay to be read by a classroom teacher in which you persuade the a thesis in a reader that either traditional classroom education or Internet-based learning is better. Experimental and real prompts used in the study. Experimental Prompt 1: (Persuasive) Challenges of Parenthood. Many people believe that being a parent today is one of the most difficult jobs you can have. History Ww1! Some teens believe that they are old enough to dissertation report face the challenges of parenthood; others do not. State your position on the issue and provide reasons for history your decision.
Discuss the factors you took into consideration in making your decision. Experimental Prompt 2: (Informative) Power Sources in the Year 2050. Picture yourself living in budgeting, the year 2050. Power sources operating in your house have changed. Coursework Ww1! Describe the poverty new power sources used to make your home run more efficiently. Explain how these power sources are different from what we use in our homes today. Write about the history coursework benefits and disadvantages of this new technology and dissertation, how it will affect future generations. Real prompt: (Teacher-created topic function on MY Access ) What are the history ww1 important milestones in united essay, a person’s life in your culture? Give the reasons why they are important. MY Access’ s 6-point Holistic Rubric.
Automated Essay Evaluation for coursework ww1 English Language Learners:A Case Study of MY Access. Table 1. Descriptives ( N = 105). Note . H1 = Human Rating 1, H2 = Human Rating 2, AVE = Averaged ratings of Human Raters 1 and 2, MA = MY Access ratings. Table 2. Human inter-rater and rater- MY Access agreement ( N = 105). Note . Exact agreement: the proportion of times Rater 1 ratings exactly matched Rater 2 ratings, or those of MY Access exactly matched the artist averaged human ratings; adjacent agreement: the proportion of times Rater 1 ratings were within one point of Rater 2 ratings, or those of history coursework ww1 MY Access were within one point of the averaged human ratings; if two scores assigned to the same essay were more than one point apart, they were considered disparate ratings. Table 3. Correlations between two human ratings and MY Access ratings. Note . H1 = Rater 1’s ratings, H2 = Rater 2’s ratings, AVE = Averaged human ratings, MA = MY Access ratings. Crime! *Correlations are significant at the .01 level (2-tailed). Table 4. Descriptives of ratings for same submissions to three MY Access prompts ( N = 42).
Note . History Coursework! REALSCORE = ratings for submissions to the teacher-created (real) prompt. Experimental1 = ratings for the first experimental prompt, Experimental2 = ratings for the second experimental prompt. Table 5. Mismatched ratings of off-topic essays. HR 1 = Human Rater 1 score, HR 2 = Human Rater 2 score. Table 6. Human annotator and about, My Editor ’s error feedback results. Note. Precision = Hits divided by My Editor’s total (example: 2 ? 2 = 100); Recall = Hits divided by human annotator’s total (example: 2 ? 7 = 28.6) Establishes and maintains an history, insightful controlling or central idea and demonstrates a thorough understanding of the purpose and audience.
Develops ideas fully and artfully with a wide variety of details. Demonstrates a logical, cohesive organizational structure and sequence with an macbeth essay on betrayal, effective use of transitions. Provides precise descriptive language use, artful word choice, a defined voice, and well-structured and varied sentence types. Contains little or no errors in history coursework, paragraphing, grammar and in a week, usage, punctuation, spelling, and mechanics. Establishes and history, maintains a clear controlling or central idea and demonstrates a basic understanding of the purpose and audience. Develops ideas fully and clearly with extensive detail.
Demonstrates a logical organizational structure and sequence with consistent use of transitions. Provides precise language use, appropriate word choice, some evidence of macbeth essay voice, and well-structured sentences with some variety. Contains few errors in history, paragraphing, grammar and usage, punctuation, spelling, and mechanics. Establishes a controlling or central idea and demonstrates some understanding of the artist essay purpose and coursework ww1, audience. Develops ideas adequately using sufficient appropriate details. Demonstrates an appropriate organizational structure and sequence; however, may lack transitions or be inconsistent. Provides appropriate language use, word choice, control of voice, and essentially correct sentences with some variety. Contains occasional errors in paragraphing, grammar and macbeth on betrayal, usage, punctuation, spelling, and mechanics, but the errors do not make comprehension difficult. Establishes a controlling or central idea but demonstrates little understanding of the purpose and audience. Develops ideas briefly and inconsistently. Demonstrates an attempt at an organizational structure and sequence, but lacks transitions, and may not be unified or consistent throughout.
Contains simple language use, word choice, an awareness of voice, and relies on simple sentences. Contains errors in paragraphing, grammar and usage, punctuation, spelling, and mechanics. Suggests a controlling or central idea but demonstrates minimal understanding of the purpose and audience. Develops ideas incompletely or inadequately using few, if any, details and/or examples. Suggests but does not maintain a basic organizational structure and sequence. Contains unclear or inappropriate language usage, word choice, and few, if any, sentence types. Contains serious errors in paragraphing, grammar and usage, punctuation, spelling, and mechanics (errors may make comprehension difficult). Fails to establish a controlling or central idea or show understanding of the purpose and audience. Fails to support ideas with details and/or examples. Shows no evidence of a unified structure, and no evidence of transitional devices. Demonstrates unclear or incoherent language use and major errors in sentence structure, word choice and usage.
Major errors in paragraphing, grammar and usage, punctuation, spelling, and ww1, mechanics significantly interfere with the communication of the message. 1 In a recent competition, ETS invited people to write essays that could trick e-rater into assigning lower or higher ratings than deserved. The winner’s technique was simply to write a paragraph and repeat it 37 times. E-rater gave this essay the macbeth essay highest possible score of 6 while two human raters both scored it “1,” creating the maximum discrepancy of five points between automated and human scoring (Powers, Burstein, Chodorow, Fowles, Kukich, 2002 Powers, D. Ww1! E. , Burstein, J. C. , Chodorow, M. , Fowles, M. E. , Kukich, K. ( 2002 ). Stumping e-rater : Challenging the validity of automated essay scoring . Computers in Human Behavior , 18, 103 – 134 . doi: 10.1016/S0747-5632(01)00052-8 [Crossref], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ). Registered in England Wales No. 3099067.
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Dec 19, 2017 History coursework ww1,
agrumentive essay Sure, you’re a lover not a fighter. I am too. But that doesn’t mean that you can avoid writing your argumentative essay! Since you have to history write an poverty causes essays, argumentative essay, you might as well learn how to write it well, right? I’ve said it time and time again—there’s nothing worse than staring at a blank page. Putting together an argumentative essay outline is the perfect way to turn your blank document into a ready-to-use template. All you have to do is fill in the blanks!
In this blog post, I’m going to share with you how to history create an argumentative essay outline. At the end, I’ll give you a downloadable skeleton outline you can use to get started. Structure of the Argumentative Essay Outline. That’s not so bad! There’s really nothing to be afraid of. Here’s how your argumentative essay outline would look if you turned it into a pretty picture: Each of united essay these four sections requires some important elements. Let’s break those down now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 1: Your Intro. Your introduction is history coursework ww1, where you lay the foundation for your impenetrable argument.
It’s made up of a hook, background information, and a thesis statement. 1. Hook. Your first sentence is comprised of a “hook.” Don’t know what a hook is? A hook is a sentence that grabs your reader’s attention just like a good Jackie Chan movie grabs the attention of report budgeting a martial arts fan. Let’s say I’m writing an argumentative essay about why American people should start eating insects. My hook could be, “For those interested in improving their diets and the environment, say ‘goodbye’ to eating chicken, fish, and beef and ‘hello’ to eating silk worms, crickets, and history coursework ww1, caterpillars.” If you’re having trouble coming up with a good hook, I recommend reading my blog post How to Write Good Hook Sentences. 2. Background information. The next part of ehrenreich your intro is dedicated to offering some detailed background information on your topic. Ww1. Try answering the following questions: What is the ehrenreich essay, issue at coursework ww1 hand?
Who cares? Where is this issue prevalent? Why is it important? For example, “Insects are abundant, nutritious, and environmentally sustainable. Currently, people in the United States shun the idea of crime and punishment eating insects as part of coursework ww1 their diets, favoring instead less nutritious and environmentally destructive food options, such as beef and pork. Can You Write A Thesis Week. The UN recently issued a statement calling for more world citizens to embrace the many benefits of eating insects.” 3. Thesis. Your thesis typically makes up the last sentence of history coursework ww1 your intro paragraph. This is where you clearly state your position on the topic and give a reason for your stance. For example, “A diet of insects can help fix problems related to can you a thesis in a week starvation, obesity, and climate change, and therefore, United States citizens should learn to history ww1 rely on a variety of insects over chicken, beef, and fish as their main source of essay protein and nutrition.” Notice the word “should” in my thesis statement? Using this word makes it clear I’m taking a stance on the argument.
You’ll also notice that my thesis statement sets up the three claims I’m going to expand on later: a diet of insects can help fix problems related to history ww1 starvation, obesity, and climate change. About And Punishment. Let’s talk about adding those claims to history coursework our argumentative essay outline now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 2: Developing Your Argument. Now that you have filled in the general points of your topic and outlined your stance in the introduction, it’s time to develop your argument. In my sample outline, I show three claims, each backed by three points of evidence. Offering three claims is just a suggestion; you may find that you only have two claims to make, or four. The exact number of claims you choose to include doesn’t matter (unless, of course, your teacher has given you a specific requirement).
What matters is that you develop your argument as thoroughly as possible. 1. What is a claim? A claim is a statement you make to essay about and punishment support your argument. History. For example, “Bugs are highly nutritious and eating them can fix the macbeth on betrayal, problem of hunger and history coursework, malnutrition in essays the United States.” Great! So I’ve made my claim. But who’s going to believe me? This is history ww1, where evidence comes into play. 2. Essay. What is evidence? For each claim you make, you need to coursework provide supporting evidence. Evidence is factual information from reliable sources. It is macbeth, not personal knowledge or anecdotal.
For example, “Researchers at the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United States state that ‘Termites are rich in protein, fatty acids, and other micronutrients. Fried or dried termites contain 32–38 percent proteins.’“ My outline shows three pieces of evidence to support each claim, but you may find that each claim doesn’t necessarily have three pieces of evidence to back it. Once again, the exact number doesn’t necessarily matter (unless your teacher has given you instructions), but you need enough evidence to coursework make your claim believable. Once you have gathered your evidence to support your claims, it’s time to add the next important element of your argumentative essay outline: refuting your opponents’ arguments. Let’s talk about macbeth on betrayal that now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 3: Refuting Opponents’ Arguments. Coursework Ww1. In this section, you state your opponents’ views and then offer a rebuttal.
For example, “Opponents of insect eating from the Beef Council of America say that it is too difficult and macbeth essay, time consuming to ww1 catch crickets, so it is not easy to gather enough food for a meal, whereas a cow is large and united essay, contains a lot of meat for many meals.” Oh diss! We know the coursework ww1, Beef Council just wants us to keep eating McD’s hamburgers and skip the essay, cricket soup. (By the way—I just made that up. The Beef Council did not say that. History Coursework. In your essay, make sure to use real facts.) Now it’s time to essay set the history, opponents straight with a refutation that is essays, full of hard evidence and that will bring them to their knees. For example, “According to researchers Cerritos and history ww1, Cano-Santana, the crime, best time to harvest crickets is to catch them in the hour just before sunrise when they are least active.
What’s more, it is easy to ww1 develop the infrastructure to farm crickets in report a way that is more sustainable than cattle farming.” Booyah! The Beef Council has been served (crickets). Once you have refuted your opponents’ viewpoints, it’s time to coursework ww1 sail to united the finish line with your conclusion. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 4: Conclusion. In your conclusion, you are going to accomplish two important tasks. History Ww1. 1. Restate the can you write week, importance of your issue. Similar to what you did in your introduction, you want to restate why this topic is critical. For example, “Simply by incorporating insects into their diets, U.S. citizens can improve the history ww1, sustainability and nutrition of the American diet.” 2. Can You Write. Paint a picture of the world if your argument is (or is not) implemented. In the final part of your conclusion, make your audience think about the ramifications of history coursework your argument.
What would happen if people started eating insects as a staple of their diets? For example, “The world would be a better place if more people ate insects as a part of their diets. Macbeth. Fewer people would go hungry, more people would get the vitamins, minerals, and history, micronutrients they need to live healthy lifestyles, and our planet would be relieved of the united, burden of an unsustainable food system. Closing with a clear picture of the history coursework, world as you would like it to essay about crime be can leave your reader convinced that your argument is history coursework, valid. Poverty Causes Essays. Download the Argumentative Essay Outline Template. Download this skeleton Argumentative Essay Outline to get started. History Coursework. Before you go off into the sunset and use my outline template, make sure that you are following the guidelines specific to your course. Ehrenreich Television Essay. While this is a pretty standard outline, there are other ways to outline your argumentative essay. If you’re interested in learning more about argumentative essays, I suggest reading The Secrets of a Strong Argumentative Essay. Want even more knowledge?
Check out this argumentative essay infographic! If you’re looking for some ideas, check out these argumentative essay examples. When you have your argumentative essay and outline ready to go, you can always have one of our awesome editors give it a second look. Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Naomi Tepper is a former Kibin editor, the former content manager for coursework the Kibin blog, and poverty causes essays, forever a word nerd. wow this was really help full. History. Super!
I#8217;m really happy to help. Ehrenreich Television Essay. #128578; Hi I have a 20 minute presentation to coursework ww1 do on the history of cognitive-behaviour therapy. Don#8217;t know where to begin. Is this the same as doing an argument. This sounds more like an expository essay. An expository essay (or presentation in your case) has the report on capital budgeting, goal of informing the audience on a specific topic. Usually you don#8217;t take an argumentative stance for or against these topics. For more information on history coursework expository writing visit: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-an-expository-essay/
hi i need some help on an argument . The topic is internet a guide or a distraction. i hope u can help. Do you think the internet is crime, a guide or a distraction? I would suggest writing a thesis statement like this: You could focus on arguing for the internet: #8220;The internet is ww1, a useful guide as shown by evidence 1, evidence 2, and evidence 3.#8221; OR you could focus on ehrenreich essay arguing against the internet: #8220;The internet is an annoying distraction as shown by evidence 1, evidence 2, and history coursework ww1, evidence 3.#8221; OR, and this is the best option, you could focus on essay arguing how to history ww1 best use the internet: #8220;The internet can be both a useful guide as shown by evidence 1 and evidence 2, but it can also be an annoying distraction as shown by ehrenreich evidence 3 and evidence 4. History Ww1. It is important to set personal limits on web use including solution 1, solution 2, and poverty causes crime essays, solution 3.#8221; Personal limits could include things such as limiting yourself to viewing only coursework, specific websites during work/study hours, limiting overall time online, and other things like that! Hi Liz, well first you need to pick a side. What do you think? Should they have their licenses revoked? Then you need to come up with a few reasons for why you think this. Essay About Crime And Punishment. Can you find any examples of how this tactic has worked (or hasn#8217;t worked). What about people who lose their licenses for other (criminal) reasons, is this type of punishment effective? Why or why not?
Come up with approx three claims to support your side. Find some evidence to support your claims. Lay out ww1, how each of the two authors approach the topic of the Crusades. What do they have in common? What is different? Super happy to help! thank you so much for this! You are welcome so much! Thanks for reading. A Thesis Week. #128578; Hi, I am writing an argumentative essay on freedom of speech rights and the 1st amendment and I have two sides of the argument. I am for ww1 freedom of speech if it doesn#8217;t harm other people and I have some cases where the supreme court are avoiding the laws stated in the amendment but I#8217;m on the court#8217;s side of restricting inappropriate speech in can you a thesis in a a school environment. How should I start out my argument? I think you need to history ww1 combine your two perspectives into one focused argument.
Do you, perhaps, want to argue that inappropriate speech in a school environment is actually harmful to macbeth on betrayal other people? That way, it falls into your first argument (pro-free speech as long as it#8217;s not harmful) quite nicely. Good luck! it has helped a lot #8230;#8230; great work. Thanks! Glad you liked it. #128578; Thank you very much :)) You are welcome! Thanks for coursework reading #128578;
HI, I am writing an argumentative essay on how different governments should provide additional funding to increase awareness of macbeth essay on betrayal human trafficking, prevent human trafficking, and help victims who have been trafficked. I am not sure where to history start from. Hisome of these example essays on human trafficking may give you ideas on how to get started: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search/human%20trafficking. Hi, I am writing an macbeth on betrayal, argumentative essay on how is social media like Facebook or Twitter beneficial or harmful to its users? I am not sure how to start from there.
Hi Rosie you might find inspiration on how to get started by reviewing some of these example essays on social media: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search/social%20media. Hi, i was wondering if in the conclusion of the essay you need to end it with a question, something for the reader to continue to think about after reading or is it unnecessary? Great question! Asking a larger question is definitely one great conclusion technique. Some teachers/profs really like this, while others prefer that you tie everything up with a neat little bow.
I recommend you check out this post on the topic of conclusions: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-conclusion/ This helped a lot! Thanks, love how its broken down. History. I have a question though. Can You Write In A Week. Should the coursework ww1, conclusion have its own paragraph or can I include the conclusion with opponents argument? I definitely recommend giving your conclusion its own paragraph. You don#8217;t want to leave your readers hanging on to just your opponent#8217;s argument! You can learn more about artist writing conclusions in this post: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-conclusion/ Helped me to help my students #128578; I was wondering if you can show a sample essay with these elements in use?
Thank you #128578; Awesome! I love to hear that. That#8217;s a really great idea#8230; and one that I intend to ww1 implement in upcoming blog posts. However, at this time I don#8217;t readily have access to a knock out example. Naomi. HELP. I am having a hard time with my argumentative research essay on drug testing to artist essay receive state benefits a.e. T.A.N.F, food stamps..
I#8217;m getting so frustrated and I dont have any idea where to ww1 begin.. I found it very useful! Thanks a lot #128512; You#8217;re welcome a lot! Thanks for reading. #128578; thanks helped me a lot luv your work 3. Poverty. can u do a website on argumentiv wtiting starters plz im a begener. OMG. Coursework. THX so much this helped a ton.
You are so welcome! Thanks for reading. Can You Write. #128578; You#8217;re welcome! Wow that#8217;s a great idea for an essay. Very intriguing. is this guide ok for an eight grader test. Coursework. Yasss#8230;This blog is reliable#8230;Thanks ? Woot! Glad you like it. #128578; I#8217;m happy to hear it. #128578; Thanks for your comment. I have to write an argumentative. research essay about the career of my choice, which is sports marketing.
I#8217;m not sure what type of arguments I need to make. Am I defending my choice of careers? Am I talking about it#8217;s importance in essay the world? It#8217;s just something I am interested in so I am not sure how to write an argumentative paper about it. I have to history ww1 write an poverty causes essays, argumentative research essay about the history coursework, career of essay about crime my choice, which is sports marketing. I#8217;m not sure what type of arguments I need to make. Am I defending my choice of careers?
Am I talking about it#8217;s importance in the world? It#8217;s just something I am interested in history ww1 so I am not sure how to write an can you a thesis week, argumentative paper about ww1 it. Hi thereI#8217;d double check your assignment for clues on can you write a thesis in a week how to approach this. If there really aren#8217;t any additional clues, I would go with your first instinct to defend your choice of careers. Why are you interested?
Is the coursework, pay worth it? What makes you cut out for this career in essay about particular? A thesis statement might look like: Sports marketing is the perfect career choice for me as it will allow me to use my strengths in XYZ, make a decent income, all while keeping me interested and engaged. Then use the rest of your essay to fill out those key points. Thanks! That#8217;s helpful. Here#8217;s what the assignment says: #8220;In your argumentative research essay, you will a) conduct research about a successful and realistic career of your choice, b) use this research and accompanying commentary and rhetoric to create an argument that you will eventually present and history, defend to a group of peers. Macbeth On Betrayal. This assignment serves to create a foundation for history coursework ww1 personal statements, resumes and CVs, and even interviews in which you will be asked about your chosen career path and its significance to you. The evidence you collect during your research should support and justify your pursuit of any given career.#8221; Do you think I will be on causes crime track if I use your suggested thesis? YesI do.
You#8217;ll also want to history coursework find some hard facts and statistics to support your claims. For example, dig up how much it will cost for you to poverty essays get your degree and weigh that against your potential income. You#8217;ll want to history ww1 start with a clear thesis statement. I assume that when you say you are pro-Hungary this means that you feel the poverty essays, country shouldn#8217;t be required to accept refugees? If so, your thesis statement might look something like this: Hungary should not be required to accept Syrian refugees because of reason 1, reason 2, and coursework, reason 3. Orif you think the country should help.
You would start with a thesis like this: Hungary should be required to accept Syrian refugees because of reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. Glad to help! Thanks for your comment. United. Hi ! I need help in writing a good thesis statement on the advantages and disadvantages of using a cell phone. Please help. I need to submit it on thursday.
Plz Plz help. This one is pretty straightforward. You can frame it like this: Cell phone use has many advantages such as A, and B, but some disadvantages such as C. Or you could flip it: Cell phone use has many disadvantages such as A, and B, but some advantages such as C. Coursework Ww1. Fill in A, B, and C with your actual research. Thank you so much Naomi. This is a great help. Hi ! I need to write a thesis statement on the topic, #8216;Element of hamartia in Hamlet, Love song of J Alfred and Agamemnon. Crime. I need a thesis statement on this. I have written Unable to take the history, correct decision at dissertation the right time can lead to history coursework a tragic end. To be able to essay on betrayal make that correct decision one must have the confidence otherwise it can have a tragic end as it happened to the protagonists in Hamlet, Agamemnon and coursework, The Love song of J. Alfred.
Do you think this is ok, if not can you help me please in writing a good thesis statement. Thank you. I think you have the right idea, but your version is unclear and ehrenreich television essay, a bit repetitive. How about this edit? Being unable to make the right decision at history coursework the right time can lead to a tragic end, which is exactly what happened to the protagonists in Hamlet, Agamemnon, and The Love song of J. Alfred. Thank you Naomi so very much. Essay Crime And Punishment. This is great.
I can go ahead now. You#8217;re welcome, Rachel! First you#8217;ll need to coursework come up with a thesis statement. For example: Public schools should be divided by sex because of poverty causes crime reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. Then choose reasons that you can support with evidence from history coursework your research. Ehrenreich Television Essay. this really works thanks. Glad it worked for you, Rose! Thanks for your comment. Thanks but I#8217;m having trouble coming up with a good topic that is strong and worthy to ww1 be argued but not boring. I want to do something that isn#8217;t a popular topic like is television essay, texting and driving bad anu advice. thank you so much. History. I have to write an essay, argumentative essay on Poverty and Illiteracy.
I have already looked up my citations. But I don#8217;t know how to history ww1 break down my citations. Can You A Thesis In A. Could you help me please? I#8217;m not sure whether you need to write APA, MLA, or some other type of citation, but I have some blog posts that can help: MLA is how I need to history coursework ww1 write it. United Artist. Oh lordy this blog is ammmaaazzzinnnng.
Why thank you! I appreciate you readinnnnnng! can you send me your project on my email [emailprotected] Ikr like wowww #8230;I am so grateful to reach up on it. can u send me your project on my email [emailprotected] . I#8217;m supposed to history create an argumentative essay that Rome was a superior society to Han China. Thank you so much. I think this is super helpful. Now my next problem is if I can fit it all onto one page. Essay Crime. (That#8217;s the history coursework, limit our teacher gave us. he wants to see if we can make brief statements that speak many words with little words written) Funnyis that a common assignment this month? You#8217;re not the first student to dissertation report on capital budgeting ask me about this Romans v Hans. A topic that large is going to ww1 be very difficult to explore in a single pagebut hey, it#8217;s a good exercise in concision. In any caseat the risk of sounding sales-ythe Kibin editing team is really good at meticulously cutting an essay down to crime size if you end up going over that one-page limit. History Ww1. You can learn more about essay and punishment our editing service here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading.
I really don#8217;t understand the coursework, refuting part. When you refute something, you take your opponent#8217;s argument and rip it to shreds. So for example, say your opponent#8217;s biggest argument is that Donald Trump is the essay on betrayal, best candidate for U.S. president, you could counter that argument by pointing out that he has zero experience in politics. Ww1. hello again. I don#8217;t know if you got my resent reply but I was trying to ask and ehrenreich television, see if you could give me a little advice on some good resources involving work laws for teens. This is really helped a lot. I was able to do my argumentative essay after reading this.
It also explained clearly what I was looking for. Thank you! 3. You are so welcome! Glad to help. #128578; thanks a lot! this helped me create my english paper! Sweet! Love to hear that. Coursework. #128578; Thank you so much. You saved my last semester of can you week college! (From a French canadian currently having English Classes) Hey! Thanks for the great comment. You really made my day!
I wish you the very best in your English classes. History Coursework. Woot! Happy to help. #128578; Fantastic! So happy to hear it. Ehrenreich Television Essay. #128578; I#8217;m writing about functionalism and history ww1, Weberianism. Compare and contrast them and ehrenreich television essay, discuss briefly how concepts from the two theories contribute to the knowledge of health practitioners. Coursework Ww1. Please hook me up!! Love this blog. Poverty Causes Crime. What email address I can sent my essay to get fix? And how long do I have to wait to get it back. Thank you.
Hi Trinh Le, I love that you love it. #128578; Thanks for the comment. To have an history coursework ww1, essay edited, please visit us here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. Our editors can have your essay back in poverty crime as few as 3 hours (depending on word count). I#8217;m in love with this blog. I was totally dreading the history coursework ww1, argumentative essay outline but now I#8217;m kind of pumped thanks to about and punishment your (absolutely hilarious) examples! Awesome!
I love hearing this. Writing can be fun as long as you don#8217;t actively dread it. #128578; THANK YOU SO MUCH PLEASE WISH ME LUCK FOR MY ENGLISH EXAM TOMORROW SINCE ARGUMENTATIVE IS GOING TO BE INCLUDED IN THE EXAM TOMORROW I SHOULD#8217;VE ADD THE EVIDENCE FOR THE CLAIM HAHAHAHA O??? Thanks for reading! #128578; This saved my life. Thank you so much! Sweet! Happy to be a lifesaver. I need this argumentative essay for tmm#8230; if crickets should be added to lunch school I need a sting essay I#8217;m in history 11 grade my opinion is yes crickets should be added. Hi there, the outline in ehrenreich television essay this post should help you a lot! As for your thesis statement, you could write something like: Crickets should be added to the school lunch menu because they are both nutritious and inexpensive. For the rest of your essay, talk about how you know they are nutritious and inexpensive (hint, do your research!). I never understood the way my teacher taught this until I found this blog.
It has helped me write a better argumentative essay. Thanks. You#8217;re welcome! Thanks for reading. History Ww1. #128578; Awesome! I love to hear feedback like this. Thanks for reading! Thanks a lot mate helped me so much. Super! Happy to television help. Coursework. You#8217;re super welcome!
Happy to help. Thank You sooo much for dissertation report budgeting this blog. This has given me a chance to structure my assignment even better. History Coursework Ww1. THANKS xx. Thanks so much for reading! Happy to help. I#8217;m writing about functionalism and Weberianism. Compare and contrast them and discuss briefly how concepts from the ehrenreich, two theories contribute to the knowledge of health practitioners. Please hook me up!! Your topic is a bit over history my head, but you may be able to television get the ww1, creative juices flowing by using our compare/contrast thesis statement generator: https://www.kibin.com/thesis-builder/compare-contrast-topic. You#8217;re welcome!
Thanks for reading. United Artist Essay. My name is coursework ww1, Haley and i have to do an argumentative essay for LA and poverty causes essays, my topic is#8230;#8230;..In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to an abortion? what should i put as a hook? The hook you choose will definitely depend on coursework your stance on the topic. If your paper is report on capital, pro-choice, you could start with a shocking statistic about the number of women who go through illegal/dangerous abortions during times and history, places where abortion is illegal. If your paper is pro-life, you might start with an emotional appeal about the life of an unborn fetus being cut short. This is very helpful. I was having trouble getting started on about writing but now I feel a lot more confident in my subject. Thanks for the breakdown. Coursework. Happy you found it useful. United Artist Essay. Thanks for reading!
Glad to hear that! M hving trouble with introduction on smoking restriction. Can you help me with introducing on smoking restriction topic and thesis as well. I#8217;m going to assume that you are taking a stance in history ww1 favor of smoking restriction. A hook would be a shocking statistic about the health risks of secondhand smoke to non-smokers.
Here is a good source to essay crime get you started: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/secondhand_smoke/general_facts/ A thesis statement framework might look like this: Smoking restrictions are critical to public health due to reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. You might also try our thesis statement builder: https://www.kibin.com/thesis-builder. Naomi! youre amazing! this has really clarified this topic for me. thank you! Well, thank you, Neil! This comment was a great way to start my Friday. #128578; Wow, this is really good. I have been reading about academic reading and writing every day for 9 wks. I have to write a 1200-1500 word argumentative essay for my 1st university assessment. This is by far the most helpful article I have read. Well done and thanks.
Heaps. Fantastic! Happy to help. I have to write a argumentative essay and the topic is: Should Homeland security and the CIA treat terrorist better? Aren#8217;t they people too? I#8217;m not sure what exactly im suppose to do or how to ww1 start it. thank you ms.Naomi that was really helpful. Do you add in causes crime a rebuttal for each of your points??
That is history ww1, certainly one way to approach an television, argumentative essay. Take an history, opponent#8217;s view on each of your arguments and then crush it with your rebuttal. Or, if you follow the outline I gave you in macbeth on betrayal this post, just include a section to crush one or two common opponent arguments. Thank you, this was very helpful and in ww1 the same time funny! good way to make interesting!! This was very helpful, but I still have some hesitation, my last important paper is an Argumentative Research, and this will be my first one. I already have a thesis chosen and I#8217;m just kinda confuse about what facts I need to collect, but its just getting information that will back up my thesis,correct? Hi thereyes, as long as you have a good defendable thesis, you should be able to essay find sources to support your stance. Here is a blog post about making sure your sources are credible: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/apply-craap-test-essay-sources/ Thanks for ww1 answering but I#8217;m having a difficult time trying to find and discern what will be helpful in my paper. My paper being about Human Rights specifically Minority/Indigenous Rights.
This was so helpful! But, I do have a couple of questions. Is there a secret to writing a killer hook? What is the best way to state your claim in the introduction? You might need to also read these posts: Thank you so much for the helpful info. I definitely owe a get out of jail free card.
Awesome, I could definitely use it. #128578; Seriously very usefull tips i like it #128578; How many paragraphs is this? The argumentative essay outline is 6 paragraphs as it stands, but you can definitely alter it to suit your purposes by adding or subtracting body paragraphs as needed. Usually your hook sentence is separate from your thesis statement. Budgeting. The hook is the first sentence in the intro paragraph, while your thesis statement is typically the last sentence in this paragraph.
Sometimes you will add some background information too. So an history ww1, intro is Hook-background info-thesis statement. Here#8217;s a revision of your sentence: ADD A HOOK SENTENCE OR TWO HERE. We live in 21st century, and many gender roles are outdated and shouldn#8217;t affect our lives in the ways they did before. One of these outdated gender roles is the write, idea that only boys can ask girls outgirls should be able to ask boys out too. this is coursework ww1, very useful#8230; but I can not write argument for dissertation report on capital my research paper (my topic is the racism in america and how effect to coursework ww1 people ) can you help me , please. Racism in America is can you write week, a huge problem and a huge topic.
I think your first step is to history narrow your research focus. Causes Crime Essays. First, which specific problem of racism will you be looking at? Racism against a particular minority group? In a specific region or city? Are there studies that show the ww1, effects in these groups and regions? What are some common findings/themes? Here is another post specifically about writing a research paper: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-research-paper/ This blog is Amazing! Very helpful! But my question is that did you really have to use #8220;eating insects#8221; example?
I was having a hot n sour soup while reading this. Ha! I#8217;m so sorry to have ruined your supper. About Crime. #128578; I think I was inspired to write this post after a bug flew into ww1 my mouth while I was riding my bike to work#8230; nutty and a bit bitter. Thanks for reading! This is absolutely incredible! I greatly admire your work and accomplishment! I am a teacher that is writing a textbook with Creative Commons licensing for on betrayal my school district using CK-12 as the platform. With all due respect, I would really love to speak with you about possibly including some of the information on coursework ww1 the Kibin site, particularly this post, as a properly attributed contribution to my 6th Grade Reading Language Arts textbook. Poverty Essays. If you would not mind getting in contact with me, my email is history coursework, [emailprotected] or simply reply to this comment. @naomi_tepper:disqus. Hi AlishaThanks for your kind comment.
I#8217;m totally in favor of report you using the content from this post in history ww1 your textbook with attribution. Best of luck on this very important project, and if you need to discuss, you can easily reach me at united artist essay [emailprotected] You#8217;re going to have to ww1 take a stance for or against school uniforms and offer credible evidence to support your stance. I#8217;d suggest reading this post on report on capital budgeting how to write a thesis statement : https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-thesis-statement/ Thank you for writing all these helpful hints! I#8217;m currently writing one for history ww1 college with the topic of legalizing lane splitting for motorcycles. I just finished writing found your blog which is helping me make sure I did everything correctly #128578; thank you!! Fantastic! Happy to help. this is crime essays, amazing and funny as hell. this should help with my exam. tqvm #128578; Thanks so much! Best of luck with your exam. #128578; it#8217;s very useful. thanks a lot.
You#8217;re welcome! Thanks for commenting. I#8217;ll be thankfull to you #128578; You just made my time. You#8217;re welcome! Thanks for the comment. #128578; Thank you very much for making this easy to understand, this helped me ace my English final exam. History. You are the best #128578; So happy to hear it! Thanks for the comment. Hi ?. Thanks for causes essays this wonderful guidelines. Your article really makes my day more easier. Wish me luck.
Inny. Sweet! Good luck on your project! What a great tips. Thank you #128578; Happy you think so! Thanks for history coursework ww1 the comment. woooow this blog had helped me lotssssssss , thanks for your efforts. Happy to help! Thanks for the comment. This seems to be very helpful! I have an English final tmrw and I am really scared. Our teacher is on betrayal, giving us four random articles and we have to create an history coursework, argumentative essay on a question he provided us.
Do you know what I can do because I#8217;m really bad at writing and reading. Like what else can I do rather than read this blog? First off, relax, deep breath, no need to be scared! As intimidating as this final seems right now, it will be over soon and you#8217;ll barely remember it happened. #128578; I know you said that you want advice more than just this blog, but it happens that my best advice happens to be on united artist essay the blog. I have a post that I think will help you make a game plan for tackling an in-class essay. Here it is: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-timed-essay/ wowwwwwwww niiiiiiiiiiice. This really help a lot keeeep uuuuuup the good woooork. Great! Glad you thought it was helpful. #128578; This blog is awesome and so helpful!
Thank you thank you thank you. Thanks for the sweet comment! Happy to help. #128578; may u send me your project on my email [emailprotected] thank you so muuch #128512; Thanks for reading! Glad we could help. Soo good it helped me a lot! Great! Happy to help. #128578; Thanks for the clear outline, was very confused about history coursework how to start my paper after reading this made me crystal clear, don#8217;t know how I started and didn#8217;t know I had ended just went off like a flash. very very useful. I#8217;m so glad you found it useful, Ram. Thanks for poverty crime reading! Thank you so much for the outline!!
I used it all morning to help start my essay for college English over Big Box vs Small Businesses! Fantastic! Happy to hear it. History Coursework. #128578; i am writing a argumentative essay for on betrayal #8220;being competent in history English Language is dissertation report, necessary for ww1 successful academic achievement#8221; cloud you plx give me a best introduction for this essay #8230; An interesting fact or statistic that shows the write a thesis, correlation between learning English and academic success might be your best choice, if you can find something from a reputable source. Or, if you could start with a story about yourself or someone you know who achieved something great because of history ww1 knowing how to speak English. Can anyone give me a good hook for same sex marriage . Crime And Punishment. I#8217;m writing an argumentative paper for my adv. comp class. Your hook will depend on the stance you are taking. For example, if you are arguing in favor of same sex marriage you could start with an interesting statistic that shines a light on the success of same sex marriages or you could start with a heartwarming story or anecdote about a successful same sex marriage. This was really funny! (and useful) Thanks #128578; Awesome! Glad you liked it. Thanks for the comment. Coursework. #128578; Hey!! This page was rlly helpful but I still need help with making an intro for #8220;Why Teenager Should Not Have TVs In Their Bedrooms#8221; I would really appreciate it if u could help ASAP plz!!O That will help you write a strong intro #8212; including a strong thesis #128578; Ths for this it helped a lot.
Awesome! Thanks for a thesis week the comment. #128578; I really appreciate your help. didnt help at all sorry. Sorry that it wasn#8217;t more helpful, Trent. Let us know if you have any questions that are still unanswered! I#8217;m going to write about how humanity should strive for immortality.
Do you think the topic is too hard and broad for a 10th grader like me? May I know your thoughts and suggestions, please? Thanks! Nah, you can totally handle that topic! I don#8217;t think it#8217;s too broad, either, and I really like that it take a strong stance. Just make sure that you have 2-3 solid and history coursework, specific reasons to back up your claim that we should strive for immortality, as you#8217;ll want to include those reasons in on capital your thesis and history coursework, defend them throughout your paper. So the first question to answer as you write your thesis is #8220;Why do I believe this?#8221; Hi, there. I saw your question asking for advice on the difficulty of writing a paper on causes crime immortality. I have a few views on that myself but of the opposite point. I would be very interested in ww1 reading your thoughts on the matter. So perhaps you would be inclined to email me your assignment once it#8217;s finished. Can You Write. thanks this blog was very helpful.
Awesome! We#8217;re happy you think so and thanks for the comment. #128578; Super helpful! About to coursework write a 6-7 page paper for can you week my college professor and I needed advice on an effective argumentative structure outline. This is coursework ww1, exactly what I needed to look at. Well designed. Sweet! Love to hear that it helped.
Thanks for the kind comment. #128578; Is Misdiagnoses of Mental Disorders a good topic to write about? And is it too broad? I want to include toxic thinking as a huge contribution and impact to mental illness. Can You Week. I need direction Please help!! It is coursework, a bit broad, yes. I would suggest narrowing it down to just one mental disorder. Maybe depression or ADD. You could narrow it down even further to write in a week talk about these diagnoses in young adults or children rather than everyone. History Coursework. Finally, make sure you have some evidence to support your argument that toxic thinking is the dissertation on capital budgeting, contributing factor here!
That#8217;s a pretty big statement and history coursework, you#8217;ll definitely need to back it up. Write A Thesis In A. I COULD KISS YOU RIGHT NOW YOU SAVED MY LIFE. 3. can u send me your project on my email [emailprotected] nice .. great work you have done.. Coursework. thanks for help Naomi#8230; Thanks for reading and for your kind comment! Thanks for your comment! Argumentative essay known as a task challenging somehow but the thing you break it up, that was a sick info. Thanks so so much. P.S. loved your sense of humour. Aww, shucks.
Thanks for your sweet comment! #128578; bless you!! i have a paper due and this helps so much ^^ Woot! So glad to essay crime and punishment hear it. Thanks for reading! Thank you so much for the helpful outline. History. This is by about far one of the history coursework, most detailed and on betrayal, useful outline I have used. Keep up the good work. Coursework. Thanks for your kind comment!
Happy the outline helped you. Hehe love this comment. Thanks for your kind words and happy to help. #128578; You#8217;re super welcome! Thanks for the kind comment! A history paper isn#8217;t necessarily the same as an argumentative essay, though it *can* be. Poverty Crime. It really depends on how you approach your topic. Read that suggested post though, it should help you get started! man, i think you dont no what you did to me. thank U a lot.
Hehe hopefully it was a good thing. Thanks for history coursework ww1 the thank you. #128578; this helped me so much. Thank you . Sweet! Happy to hear it. Thanks, very helpful. Yay! Happy you think so. #128578; i love this blog #8230; you are an awesome teacher #8230; Aww, shucks. Can You Week. Thanks so much for reading. #128578; Hehe I#8217;m 100% positive you could be as smart as me.
Happy this helped and coursework, thanks for the kind comment! #128578; I#8217;m not the best at writing essays, especially argumentative ones#8230; This is a huge help! Thank you so very much!! #128578; Sweet! Happy to help out. #128578; Thank you so so so so so so so so much Naomi!! I was having trouble writing an argumentative essay from avid elective class you are greatly appreciated! *bows down to you* You will be a great writer I promise #128578; P.S. have you made any more of these? Haha, thanks for the super kind comment. I really appreciate it! Yes, I#8217;ve written quite a few other posts for this blog (though not so much any more since I manage it now). Here are a few that you might like: Yay!
Final complete! Congrats and happy this helped. Thanks for the kind comment. #128578; I was stumped in class by the prompt for a six paragraph essay. Crime. This article is great. THANK YOU! Noiiice! Happy this helped you. History Coursework. Thanks for the comment.
Congratulations on your upcoming graduation! So happy that this post helped you get to artist essay the finish line. Thanks for ww1 the kind comment #128578; Naomi. omg you just saved my life i could kiss you 3. What if you are writing at school and they don#8217;t allow you to use your computer to look up information for the text. In that case you#8217;ll want to prepare in advance as best you can by becoming as familiar as possible with the type of essay you#8217;ll be writing and the type of material you need to can you in a week know for the essay. You might check out this post: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-timed-essay/ if you reply to me ill be so happy. You#8217;re awesome! Thanks a lot for this excellent blog post Naomi. Thanks so much for the comment! #128578; Wow i love this. Thanks Naomi for the educative piece. History Ww1. That#8217;s great!
Thanks for the kind comment. I#8217;m in love with this phenomenal blogger.*SIGHS* Aww! Your comment totally made my day. Crime. xoxo! Muah! #128578; Happy to help. Hi Naomi, this is an history coursework, amazing article, yet I have some questions I hope you can answer. I#8217;m about to sit for write a thesis in a the FCE in history two days, and it#8217;s mandatory that I write an essay. I don#8217;t know the type of essay nor the crime essays, topic of it.
How would you recommend me to study for it? Thanks in advance #128578; Ooh! You must be feeling the pressure. I#8217;m sure you#8217;ll do great, especially since you are reaching out for advice. It#8217;s about writing a timed (in-class) essay, and a lot of the advice can apply to other types of timed essay tests too. Point #5 is especially important: #8220;If you’re really nervous, practice writing under pressure before your test. Set a timer for coursework the same amount of dissertation budgeting time you’ll have during the actual test, and history ww1, work on can you a thesis in a writing a coherent essay about a sample prompt or an important topic.#8221; I#8217;d also research the coursework ww1, different types of essay prompts that they#8217;ve given in the past to use for your practice writing session. Maybe this resource will help? http://www.firstcertificatewriting.co.uk/live/paper-2-writing-part-1-essays/ I wish you the best on your FCE! Thanks for essay the comment. #128578; So glad you think it#8217;s helpful!
Thanks for history coursework ww1 reading! xoxo. i really like the explanation bcoz it#8217;s clear and can you a thesis week, it#8217;s not explained in a boring way like how most people did. History. thanks a lot! this really helped my homework :)) Great! That#8217;s exactly what I was going for. Macbeth Essay On Betrayal. So happy it helped you. Thanks for the comment! #128578; You#8217;re awesome! Thanks for reading. Very helpful article! Thank you so much! Great!
Happy to help. Hi, it is really a clear and detailed graph. History. Could I cite it in my assignment? Sure, you#8217;re welcome to cite it #128578; Thanks for reading. Causes. OK I need help I have two argumentative essays due Wednesday and I looked at your website and it helped me a ton i never could have done it without you. thx so much. now i just need to make one#8230; You#8217;ve totally got this!! THANK YOU SO MUCH. I am already almost done and it is mostly because of this page! Thanks for the words of encouragement! U guys are the best.
So glad it was helpful! Thanks for reading #128578; Ma#8217;am you are such a saviour. #128536;#128536;#128536; Thank you for reading! Loved the explanation! Thanks a lot for being that graphic. So glad you liked it! Thanks for the comment #128578; Hey there, Michael #128578; Thanks for stopping by! thanks for saving my life :-):-) Woot! Glad we could help. saving time and getting ultra information#8230; We#8217;re all about saving you time! #128578; Thanks for ww1 reading. I have Exams tomorrow and ehrenreich essay, this really helped me alot#8230;Thanks Naomi #128578; Glad you found it useful #128578; Thank you for reading!
Oh thank goodness! I always have trouble on the thesis and hook, thank you so much, you saved meee! Awesome! So glad we could help #128578; Amazing. Helped me like hell. So glad you found it useful, Dana! Thanks for history coursework ww1 reading. Thank you this saved my butt. Sweet! So glad we could help #128578; Is this good for an argumentative essay titled ( Animals in Captivity )?? Have you thought why animals roar,cry, weak, looking upset?
And why caged birds sing? In 2014 a research from Harvard University showed that 10,000 animals from different species around the world. On Capital Budgeting. die every year out of coursework loneliness, violence, shortage of food and air and lack of causes essays freedom. Animals are living organisms as humans and plants and need a lot of rights that we should put them in consideration. I can not THANK YOU for ALL of this information. I wrote, deleted, rewrote, deleted, over history coursework ww1 and over again for days! You have helped me so much with my project!! So glad you found it helpful, Cheryl!! Thank you for reading #128578;
This is soooo good. Thank u. You#8217;re welcome, Satwika! Thank you for reading!
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CNA Resume Sample Step-by-Step Guide [+20 Examples] Wanna know something really interesting? Nursing assistants could see an increase in employment by history coursework, 17% from essay, now until 2024. That’s because the elderly population is growing and THOUSANDS of CNA’s are needed. That means the probability of history you landing a job is pretty high.
Now all you need to do is write a professional CNA resume that shows off your skills and achievements. New to the profession? No worries. You can still create a good CNA resume with no experience and attract the attention of a recruiter. See, a good resume is a direct reflection of you and your work ethic. Taking the about, time to write a good nurse aide resume tells recruiters you mean business and are serious about securing a job.
So my friends, if you’re ready to history roll up your sleeves and create a good resume this guide will show you: A great certified nurse assistant resume example. How to write a Certified Nursing Assistant resume step-by-step. Crime! The best way to include resume objective examples on your CNA resume. Tips on history coursework ww1 including accomplishments and qualifications for essay about CNA professionals. Here's a sample resume for a certified nursing assistant made using our resume builder.
Want to coursework ww1 save time and essay and punishment have your resume ready in 5 minutes? Try our resume builder . It’s fast and easy to use. Plus, you'll get tips and right vs. wrong examples while writing your resume. See +20 resume templates and create your resume here . What’s The Best Format For A CNA Resume? Kicking out coursework a great resume is all about on betrayal proper formatting. If you don’t format in a way that pleases a recruiter, you may find your resume in the recycling bin. You want to avoid that. Maybe you have years of coursework ww1 experience taking care of the elderly. Or maybe you just completed your CNA certificate and want to take care of sick kids. No matter, your certified nursing assistant resume will use the united artist, reverse chronological format. If you are an experienced CNA, start with your most recent job and work backwards.
If you’re an inexperienced CNA, start with your education on your entry-level CNA resume . Next, complete your experience with internships or volunteer work you may have done. Do you babysit? Swell. Babysitting would be the history coursework ww1, perfect inclusion. Don’t sweat the about crime and punishment, fonts, margins, and layout.
Choose a 12-point classic font like Arial, Helvetica, or Verdana. As you move along, make sure your nursing assistant resume isn't cluttered. You want to attract attention to your skills and achievements, not to coursework your ability to be a make a mess of things. Pro Tip: Proper spelling and macbeth on betrayal grammar will win points with recruiters. Consider using an online tool like Grammarly to history help you flush out on betrayal any mistakes. Contact Information Is Not As Basic As It Seems. You’re a big deal now. If you don’t include your CNA in your contact section, the chances are your resume might be chucked out. This would be a sad day, because now you’re not such a big deal anymore. Your full name, CNA. A working phone number.
A professional email address. Add CNA after your name. And don’t forget your license number. You’ve earned these accolades. History Coursework Ww1! So shout them out to the world. See, when job seekers like you scan a job post, they miss necessary requirements to dissertation on capital include. History Coursework Ww1! Recruiters don’t have time to review a CNA resume that doesn’t meet their requirements. Therefore, make sure your contact info is listed like this: Alice Smith, CNA Lic #343558907633E [email protected] (123) 555-7890. Alice Smith [email protected] (123) 555-7890.
Pro Tip: Don’t use an email address that is unprofessional or uses the Hotmail or Yahoo extensions. Create a new email address using the united artist, Gmail extension. CNA Resume Summary or Resume Objective. Here’s a really important part of your certified nursing assistant resume: The summary or objective . Recruiters are looking for the best candidates when they read a summary or objective. These little paragraphs need to show off the history coursework, best part about ehrenreich television you in 2-3 sentences. But what’s the difference between a summary and objective?
So glad you asked. A CNA resume objective is for coursework applicants who don’t have a lot of on-the-job experience. If you are a CNA with no experience, give a quick introduction of poverty causes crime essays who you are and why you would be a good hire. Here’s how to write a resume objective: Trustworthy, newly licensed CNA 2017 graduate seeking to use nursing care and advocacy skills in an assisted living setting at Sunsetters Retirement Home.
CPR certified. New nurse looking for a job with old people. A CNA resume summary is for applicants who have CNA experience under their belt. In the history coursework ww1, summary, include any achievements or certifications you’ve earned: Here’s how to write a resume summary:
Reliable, bi-lingual CNA of 10 years in ehrenreich television essay diverse healthcare settings for elders, eager to leverage management experience and take patient advocacy and care to the next level. CPR certified, BLS certified (current). History Ww1! Available nights and weekends. CNA of 10 years looking for new challenges. Don’t forget that a CNA license needs to be renewed every two years.
The resume summary is a great place to television let recruiters know when you last renewed it. Want to impress recruiters further? Healthcare assistants are in high demand. They are often asked to start working evening hours. Let recruiters know that you’re available to work those hours in coursework your CNA resume summary. There. Now they’re impressed.
On a side note, if you aren’t a certified CNA but you have a similar career, resume objectives are still the way to go for you. Include relevant skills for crime those careers might be that of an: Orderly: A hospital attendant charged with non-medical patient care. Psychiatric Aide: Like a CNA, except this position works with mental health patients. Medical Assistant: Workers without certification who help doctors and nurses with routine tasks. Pro Tip: Include hours of availability in your resume summary. How to history ww1 Describe Your CNA Experience. Look! We’re halfway there! Hooray! Let’s continue creating a great CNA resume that shows work history and experience.
Remember to dissertation add your most recent job first because that job is of most importance to the hiring manager. Add any nursing assistant resume duties here. List no less than six responsibilities or achievements. May 2010 - June 2016. Mercy Hospital, Watertown, New York. Delegated CNA staff to understand infectious disorders and methodologies for ww1 infection control. Directed patients to complete understanding of their physiological disorders. Mobilized the dissertation report on capital budgeting, ability to observe Privacy/HIPPA regulations. Inspired empathetic care and compassion among staff and patients. Directed a team of CNA’s in the absence of the history, Nurse Manager without incident.
Introduced a system that ensured leveraged patient care improving patient comfort and healing. Implemented initiatives to reduce incorrect possible medication administration by 99.9% Told staff members to essay study disorders. Explained to patients what was wrong with them. Kept patient information private. History Ww1! Was nice to patients and other staff. Dissertation Report! Led team when needed. Made corrections to the system. It’s no secret that Certified Nursing Assistants have lots of responsibilities.
Sometimes so many, that their achievements go unnoticed. But if you have been recognized for any outstanding accomplishments, don’t be shy. History Coursework! List them in this section, too. Use bullet points to highlight duties and accomplishments. Can You In A! Don’t start each bullet point with “ Responsible for. ” Those words are dry and make you ordinary. Coursework! You’re not ordinary.
You’re extraordinary. Show hiring managers how great you are by using action words that make you look like a superhero. Because let’s face it, in the nursing profession you are. Collaborated with patients while using a transfer/gait belt. Delegated perineal care duties to other CNA’s. Advocated high level of care and poverty essays comfort for each patient. Consulted patients while dressing weak arms and legs.
Fielded and recorded patient information with accuracy. Maintained positive relations and history coursework ww1 compassion with patients. Okay, Pop Quiz here. Do you recognize the above skills? You should. They are the ones needed to pass the clinical part of a CNA exam . But you knew that already because you’re a nursing superhero. Pro Tip: When you’re determining how to write skills on poverty crime essays a CNA resume, use action words to describe your duties. Your Education Section Underperforming? It Might Be. It’s time to coursework ww1 show the crime, world the power of your CNA training. As you make a CNA resume, include an education section that shows off how and history where you became certified.
Every state has a Nurse Aide Registry . Write A Thesis In A! This registry establishes nurse aide training and competency. History Coursework Ww1! Be a gem and include the state you earned your certification in. Recruiters love that. Every CNA program varies, so be sure to include the essay and punishment, number of history coursework ww1 hours in your training program, too. The CNA Plus website says chunk the information together as follows: Sheriden Woods Health Center Nurse Assistant Program.
Bristol, Connecticut, May 2007. Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA) 2007. Completed 124 hours of Classroom and on betrayal Clinical Training. If you haven't taken the exam yet, put Certification in Process instead of the hours. The same website also suggests that if it's been five years since you graduated high school, you don’t need to include that info. But if it’s been less than five years, list it like this: Graduated in 2017. Super easy, right? Okay, one more thing is this section. If you’ve taken any on-the-job courses related to your field of expertise, add them like this:
OSHA BloodBorne Pathogen Training , Completed 2013. Connecticut Senior Living Facility. Completed 30 hours Training. Pro Tip: Stick with industry standards and formatting. Recruiters like seeing information listed this way. How To Put Skills On a CNA Resume. Skill can make you or break you. Without them, recruiters won’t think twice about not hiring you. See, recruiters need to know if you really are the next Florence Nightingale. Florence Nightingale was the history, pioneer of nursing because she had hard and soft skills. What’s the causes crime, heck are those, right?
Hard skills , my friends, are technical skills and abilities you need to do a specific job. Soft skills are often linked to personal qualities and people skills. The primary hard skills that healthcare recruiters look for on a CNA resume. If these skills look familiar, it’s because they are required to coursework pass the clinical skills part of report on capital budgeting your exam. If you are applying for history ww1 your first CNA job, recruiters will look for ehrenreich television these skills.
They want to history ww1 see them listed on macbeth your Certified Nursing Assistant resume. The primary soft skills that healthcare recruiters want to see are: Computer and history technical skills are important to include, too. Some skills to can you in a list are: Can you speed type with ease on history a computer? You’ll want that as a skill. Most hospitals and elderly care facilities track everything on computers. If you have administrative skills include them on your CNA resume. Include stellar computer skills, too.
You can divide these skills into three categories: Hard Skills Soft Skills Technical, Computer and Record Keeping Skills. Pro Tip: Include required clinical skills with advanced skills you learned in a thesis in a week the field as a CNA. How to Add Other Sections For An Effective CNA Resume. This section is history coursework, your saving grace if you're new to the whole CNA gig. If you have any licensures, awards, or certificates, list them here. Recruiters should know you take your job as a Certified Nursing Assistant seriously. And seriously, it’s important to take CNA seriously. When you list them, use bullet points: CPR Certified BLS Certified STNA Certified Nightingale Award for Excellence in 2015 Employee of The Month 2016.
If you are a CNA with no experience and no licensures, add a hobbies section. Include hobbies related to macbeth the job you are applying for. Maybe you can build a model airplane. That skill might be attractive to coursework ww1 recruiters looking for ehrenreich television new group activity ideas. For new CNA’s with limited experience, adding information like this could get your resume to the top of the pile. Next, maybe you raise crayfish. Ww1! Listing this hobby on about and punishment the CNA resume templates you draft might confuse recruiters.
Especially because crayfish swim in circles and you just watch them. Make sure you choose hobbies that match being a Certified Nursing Assistant. That means if you walk the coursework, neighbor's dog and feed it when they’re gone, add this! Dogs need love, too. Volunteer at Meals on on capital budgeting Wheels.
Walk and take care of my neighbor’s dog when they go on holidays. Pro Tip: Include hobbies and interests that fit the traits of the job description. Here’s The Most Common Myth About Cover Letters. If you’re thinking that you don’t need a CNA cover letter sample, my dear friends, think again. There is a myth in certain circles that cover letters should go out with the bathwater. About 32% of coursework ww1 recruiters say they get more than their share of can you junk resumes . This means they can’t find talented candidates that fit the history ww1, bill. You wanted to about be the history coursework, talented one. You don’t want to be junk. Or bathwater. That’s why you need to in a write a sample CNA cover letter that makes recruiters swoon.
Did you know that recruiters spend about 6 seconds looking over coursework ww1 a resume? That’s no time at all. But here’s a little secret: If you include a cover letter, you will increase the viewing time. A cover letter that enhances your CNA resume should: Introduce you formally. Express your personality. On Capital! Explain why you’re the best candidate. Coursework Ww1! Explain any gaps in work history or career changes. Include your contact information on poverty causes essays your CNA resume cover letter. History Coursework! Include the employer’s contact information, too.
And don’t forget to add the united artist essay, date. History Ww1! That’s kind of important. Next, write the basic body of the letter and wrap it up with a witty conclusion. The deal is, you want to hook recruiters in the first paragraph. That’s the entire purpose of a cover letter. Don’t forget to incorporate skills needed for the job, too. Remember, make them swoon. Pro Tip: Let your true self come through in your letter. Don’t try and artist be someone else. Being authentic and witty is the key to a good hook. “Wow.
Would you look at this amazing resume? I’ve never seen anything like this before. This recruit is amazing!” said the recruiter that held your masterpiece resume in her hands. Showing that you are willing to ww1 take great care on your resume is poverty crime, a direct reflection of the coursework, kind of CNA you want to be. Don’t forget to include any extra certifications or licensures, too. Show off your dog walking skills. It takes some serious patience to can you write week walk four dogs at history coursework, once. Did we miss anything? If you are still struggling with how to essay write a CNA resume, let us know in history coursework the comments, and we will do what we can to help.
Thanks for reading! Joleene Moody is a content writer and ghostwriter, writing posts and books for those who can’t or don’t have the united artist essay, time. A former television journalist and anchor, Joleene still utilizes her journalistic abilities as a columnist and contributing writer to NNY Business Magazine in history coursework ww1 upstate New York. Her personal assistants are her two cats and her black and brown Doxie dog. Yes, she is never alone.