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Dec 19, 2017 Thesis statement for special olympics,
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Dec 19, 2017 Thesis statement for special olympics,
lens optics resume The present invention relates to thesis statement olympics a laminate optic with an interior Fresnel lens, and more particularly to an artificial composite intraocular lens for essay, insertion into an eye through a corneal incision of minimal size, having a partially hollow laminate optic of statement for special olympics, flexible, temporarily deformable material, including a pair of opposed interior surfaces, at diversity in medicine least one of which is formed as a protected internal Fresnel lens, and thesis statement olympics both of which together define captive gas spaces therebetween. For treatment of in the snow analysis, conditions such as natural eye lens cataracts, a known eye surgery procedure is to remove the statement for special olympics, cataracted lens through an melvin incision in the wall of the cornea of the thesis olympics, eyeball, and replace it by essay an artificial intraocular lens as an internal implant lens. Intraocular lenses are often made of thesis statement for special, flexible material such as silicone plastic to permit reduction of their overall apparent girth by temporary deformation for facilitating their insertion through the cornea, thereby advantageously enabling use of a corneal incision of concomitantly reduced size. Such intraocular lenses often have haptics extending from the periphery of leadership simulation essay, their optics, i.e. normally expanded resilient appendages connected to the central lens body or optic, to aid lens seating in the eye. Preferably, these haptics should also be kept in contracted state during insertion of the lens into the eye to enable the lens unit to for special olympics fit without difficulty through a minimum size incision. U.S. Pat. No. Nonviolence One Peace! 4,573,998 to Mazzocco and U.S. Pat.
No. 4,534,069 to for special olympics Kelman are among typical proposals offered to provide the flexible optic and/or haptics of such an melvin intraocular lens in temporarily reduced girth condition for for special, incision insertion purposes. However, known optics of flexible material, such as silicone rubber or plastic, have the distinct drawback that in order to leadership essay achieve the desired optical characteristics of the particular intraocular lens, the optic must be made relatively thick, as measured along the optical axis, thereby increasing its mass and volume. Consequently, the sought advantage of forming the optic of flexible material, e.g. providing a silicone optic, which would otherwise permit the optic to be deformed by curling, folding or the like, into a generally cylindrical shape of olympics, sufficiently small apparent girth to fit through a minimum length corneal incision, cannot be achieved. This is because the optic must be made of a comparatively pronounced thickness, e.g. 3 mm, for purely optical reasons, and therefore is of such mass and volume that it cannot readily be curled, folded, etc. into a small enough generally cylindrical shape to accomplish the underlying purpose of forming the optic of flexible material, i.e. to exploit the use of a minimum size incision. A Fresnel lens is a known type of lens which is in medicine greatly reduced in weight by for special dividing the continuous lens surface into a succession of concentric rings, assembled in taylor correct relationship on a generally flat surface.
More specifically, it is a compound lens of annular prisms, providing a stepped lens of less weight and thickness than, for example, a corresponding plano-convex lens, with the risers of the statement, steps desirably set at such an angle as to present no disturbance to the light rays. An advantage of such a Fresnel lens is that its collection angle is generally much greater than practicable for a solid type, e.g. plano-spheric, lens. U.S. Pat. No. 4,673,406 to Schlegel is a recent proposal concerning the inclusion of an exterior Fresnel lens formation on the deformable lens body or optic of an artificial intraocular lens, made of a homogeneous, crystal-clear, high-temperature resistant plastic, preferably vulcanized silicone, to enhance the optical characteristics of the system while reducing the optic thickness. Specifically, the exterior Fresnel lens formation is configured with a circular central portion and at least one annular portion immediately surrounding and backwardly offset from the central portion to reduce the essay one peace, thickness of the lens body and facilitate its folding during lens implantation into the eye.
However, once inserted in the eye, the surrounding aqueous humor in the eye interior coats the exterior Fresnel lens formation and thesis statement for special olympics detracts from the optical effectiveness thereof, since the aqueous humor has an simulation index of refraction sufficiently close to the index of thesis statement for special, refraction of the intraocular lens material that the optical characteristics of the Fresnel lens are detrimentally offset. It would be desirable to provide a deformable intraocular lens for insertion into the eye to achieve the above noted overall advantages, especially the use of a minimum size corneal incision, yet which has a Fresnel lens formation which is devo essay protected from the adverse effects on its optical characteristics of the aqueous humor environment inside the eye. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION. It is among the objects and advantages of the present invention to overcome the drawbacks and deficiencies of the for special, prior art, and to nonviolence provide a composite lens in the form of a partially hollow laminate optic, protectively containing an interior Fresnel lens and attendant interior surface defined captive gas enclosing, liquid free, spaces thereat of thesis statement for special olympics, different index of refraction from critically thinking jeni wilson mulnix that of the optic. It is among the additional objects and advantages of the present invention to provide a composite lens of the foregoing type, in thesis the form of an artificial intraocular lens of flexible, temporarily deformable, material, sized to provide the optic with a comparatively thin thickness to in medicine essay permit its deformation into a generally cylindrical shape of reduced apparent girth capable of statement for special, insertion into an eye through a minimum size corneal incision, yet which will readily return to in action essay its original, expanded and undeformed state, while retaining its desired optical characteristics, once it is inside the eye, enabling the lens to be seated properly therein by the surgeon. It is among the further objects and advantages of the present invention to provide a composite lens of the stated type which can be made from readily available materials, which is relatively safe and durable in use, and for special olympics whose Fresnel lens optical characteristics are not adversely affected by the aqueous humor environment inside the eye.
According to the present invention, a composite lens is in medicine provided, which comprises a generally flat, partially hollow, unitary laminate optic, formed by thesis statement a pair of opposed, relatively thin, sheet-like elements of conforming perimetric shape and of selective index of refraction, and having a corresponding pair of opposed interior surfaces. At least one of the elements comprises a protected internal Fresnel lens defining the interior surface of the element as a discontinuous surface formation including a concentric series of essay one peace, annular prisms composed of optical step areas interconnected by offset riser areas. The interior surfaces are peripherally sealed together to define therebetween a counterpart concentric series of permanent captive gas enclosing, liquid free, annular spaces of different index of refraction from the selective index of refraction of the elements. More particularly, the present invention contemplates a composite intraocular lens for thesis statement, insertion through an devo incision in thesis statement for special olympics an eye, which comprises such a generally flat, partially hollow, unitary laminate optic, formed by a pair of opposed, relatively thin, sheet-like elements of the stated type. The elements are specifically of flexible, temporarily deformable material, and together are sized to provide the essay nonviolence, optic with a comparatively thin thickness in relation to its diameter sufficiently to permit temporary deformation of the optic into a generally cylindrical shape of reduced apparent girth capable of insertion into the eye through a minimum size incision. Preferably, the elements are wafer thin, and air is thesis for special enclosed in the annular spaces as captive gas. Thinking About Critical Jeni Wilson! The optic of the intraocular lens may be favorably provided with haptics of like flexible, temporarily deformable material, for seating the lens in the eye.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS. Other and further objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the within specification and accompanying drawings, in which: FIG. 1 is statement for special olympics a plan view of a composite intraocular lens having a laminate optic of flexible material, formed by a pair of opposed relatively thin sheet-like elements, and provided with haptics, in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention; FIG.
2 is an exaggerated sectional view taken along the line 2--2 of FIG. 1; FIG. 3 is a perspective exploded view of the in medicine, lens of FIG. 1, showing one of the elements as a wafer thin Fresnel lens and the other of the elements as a wafer thin cover for the Fresnel lens; FIGS.
4 and 5 are enlarged, exaggerated partial sectional views of two corresponding modified laminate optic embodiments of the composite lens of the present invention; and. FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view showing the statement for special olympics, manner of deforming the composite lens of the essay, present invention into a generally cylindrical shape of for special, reduced apparent girth capable of insertion through a minimum size corneal incision into the interior of the eye. DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS. Referring to the drawings, and devo essay initially to FIGS. Thesis Statement Olympics! 1-3, a flexible, temporarily deformable, artificial intraocular lens 1, according to one embodiment of the in the snow analysis essay, present invention, is shown, which is curlable, foldable, or otherwise deformable, into thesis for special olympics a reduced girth form for insertion into the interior of an eye through a corneal incision of minimized size, as an in medicine implant for replacing the natural lens, such as a cataracted lens. Lens 1 comprises a generally flat, partially hollow, unitary light focusing lens body or laminate optic 2, and is desirably provided with a symmetrical pair of position fixation means or haptics 3, 4 or the thesis olympics, like, i.e. oppositely disposed outwardly flaring resilient eye seating appendages. Haptics 3, 4 or the like may be integrally connected to optic 2, and critical wilson are used for statement olympics, embracing the adjacent portions of the eye interior for seating lens 1 in the usual manner, e.g. in the anterior chamber, in the posterior chamber, or in the posterior capsule, as the case may be, depending on the contemplated surgical procedure, once the intraocular lens has been inserted through the incision in the cornea and positioned for such seating.
Laminate optic 2 is formed by the pair of opposed, relatively thin, sheet-like elements 5 and critically jeni wilson mulnix 6 of statement olympics, conforming perimetric, e.g. round or circular, shape and of selective index of refraction, and having a corresponding pair of opposed interior surfaces 7 and 8. In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 1-3, element 5 comprises a, preferably wafer thin, protected internal Fresnel lens, and critically critical thinking mulnix element 6 comprises a, preferably wafer thin, protective planar cover for thesis olympics, the Fresnel lens. Elements 5 and melvin dissertation 6 are preferably formed of plastic material, and haptics 3, 4 are likewise preferably formed of plastic material. As may be appreciated from FIGS. 2-3, the Fresnel lens element 5 defines the interior surface 7 thereof as a discontinuous surface formation, which includes a concentric series of annular prisms 9 composed of annular refraction, i.e. optical planar, surfaces or step areas 10 interconnected by offset side wall surfaces or riser areas 11. In turn, the complemental cover element 6 has a generally flat, smooth interior surface 8 arranged for overlying disposition on the Fresnel lens interior surface 7. Interior surfaces 7 and 8 are suitable peripherally sealed together, e.g. by thesis statement for special olympics heat sealing, to form a bond or seal 12, so as to define therebetween a counterpart concentric series of permanent captive gas enclosing, liquid free, annular spaces 13 of different index of refraction from the selective index of melvin taylor, refraction of elements 5 and statement for special olympics 6. At the leadership in action simulation essay, same time, seal 12 interconnects elements 5 and 6 to provide a peripherally integral laminate optic 2. Thesis Olympics! As will be appreciated, any appropriate means may be used to in medicine essay achieve the peripheral sealing of olympics, elements 5 and 6 together at their opposed interior surfaces 7 and 8 for forming the integral laminate optic 2. The captive gas enclosed in annular spaces 13 may be air or other appropriate gas, so long as the resulting index of refraction in spaces 13 is different from critical thinking that of elements 5 and 6. Statement Olympics! In this regard, it will be appreciated that although the index of refraction of elements 5 and 6 may differ from one another, it is often preferred that the two elements have substantially the same index of refraction, depending on the optical characteristics sought for laminate optic 2, yet in either case the composite lens 1 must still have an index of hunters essay, refraction in the liquid free spaces 13 which is distinctly different from thesis that of each of elements 5 and 6. FIG.
4 shows a first modification embodiment in which the composite lens 1' is provided with a similarly preferably wafer thin cover element 6', but in this instance having a slight optical curvature containing exterior 14 on cover element 6' to enhance the desired optical properties of the optic. FIG. In The Snow Analysis! 5 shows a second modification embodiment in which the composite lens 1 is thesis statement for special provided with a cover element 6 in the form of a coacting Fresnel lens element to element 5, e.g. Thinking Jeni! as a complementary or duplicate such element. In this case, the concentrically ridged or annular prism discontinuous surfaces of both Fresnel lens elements are in thesis for special olympics contact with one another and contribute to provide even larger corresponding counterpart captive gas enclosing annular spaces 13. Also shown in phantom in FIG. 5 are respective alternative embodiments in which, like exterior 14 of FIG. Leadership In Action Simulation! 4, one or both of the for special, Fresnel lens elements 5 and devo bhava 6 may be optionally provided with a slight optical curvature containing exterior 15 and/or 16, as the case may be, for analogous enhancement of the optical properties of the particular resultant optic. It will be realized that the actual lens profile may contain any desired optical shape, so long as it includes at least one such internal Fresnel lens formation. Thus, any optical curvature may be formed on the exterior of one or both of statement for special olympics, elements 5 and hunters 6 so as to provide the composite lens, for example, as a double convex, plano-convex, convex meniscus, double concave, plano-concave, or concave meniscus, profile type lens, depending on the desired optical properties, while still enjoying the basis advantages of the included internal Fresnel lens formation.
As shown in FIG. 5, in order to assure permanent, e.g. hermetic, sealing of the peripheries of elements 5 and for special 6, an appropriate peripheral end wall extension 17 may be provided on one (or both) of the elements for proper interconnection at diversity in medicine essay the interior surface locations of bond or seal 12. FIG. Olympics! 6 shows the manner of leadership in action simulation, curling or otherwise deforming composite intraocular lens 1 (or lens 1' or 1), e.g. in the manner of a sheet of paper, into a generally cylindrical shape of reduced apparent girth capable of thesis, insertion into melvin dissertation the eye through a minimum size incision, in accordance with surgical procedures well known to those skilled in the art. Olympics! It will be seen from the various embodiments of FIGS. 1-5 that the diversity in medicine essay, two elements are together sized to provide optic 2 with a comparatively thin composite thickness, i.e. in the direction of the attendant inherently short optical axis A (see FIGS. 1-2), in relation to the diameter thereof, which is sufficient to permit temporary deformation of optic 2, as well as of any attendant haptics 3, 4, for the desired girth reduction purposes. In this regard, in accordance with one preferred feature of the present invention, optic 2 may be provided with a thickness of at statement olympics most about 1.5-2 mm, and a diameter of at most about taylor 6 mm, whereupon the reduced girth, generally cylindrical shape, deformed composite lens, including any attendant haptics, will be able to be inserted into the eye readily and statement for special relatively safely through a corneal incision of only about 3 mm length, after which the composite lens can be allowed to expand to its original size and undeformed state, while retaining its desired optical characteristics, for appropriate seating in the eye in critically about critical wilson mulnix normal manner by the surgeon.
As to haptics 3, 4, these may have a thickness of about 0.2 mm and a width, i.e. in the plane of the paper of FIG. 1, of about 1.2 mm. Haptics 3, 4 may be of any suitable shape well known in the art and may have a maximum composite expanded length dimension in thesis statement normal, non-contracted condition of about 13 mm from the outer edge or crest portion of one haptic to pitru devo the diametrically opposite outer edge or crest portion of the other haptic in the elongate direction as shown in FIG. 1. A distinct feature and thesis statement advantage of the present invention is hunters that the integral composite laminate optic 2 contains a permanently sealed, and thus leakproof, captive gas chamber or separation space, which internally protects the at least one Fresnel lens present in statement the lens interior from any contact with, and in turn from the otherwise adverse effects on the Fresnel lens basic optical characteristics of, the surrounding aqueous humor environment in the eye interior. Another distinct feature and advantage of the present invention is that the presence of such captive gas chamber or separation space provides the lens with a more pliable physical construction of comparatively reduced mass and volume, enabling the relatively thin, integral laminate optic to be deformed more efficiently into the desired generally cylindrical shape and to a greater degree of apparent girth reduction. A further distinct feature and advantage of the present invention is that, by reason of the presence of such captive gas chamber or separation space, the taylor dissertation, lens possesses a lower composite density than otherwise for its actual externally defined volume, which contributes a buoyant effect to its mass in the surrounding aqueous humor, that inherently beneficially reduces the weight or load exerted by the lens on the portions of the eye interior at which the thesis statement, lens is implanted. Thus, the lens construction of the present invention permits the optical characteristics of a Fresnel lens, i.e. a relatively short focal length and short optical axis and a relatively large diameter, in a reduced thickness composite optic, to be exploited successfully by use thereof as an implant within the interior of an eye, without the leadership in action essay, previously encountered drawback of interference from surrounding eye fluids filling the spaces or grooves of the Fresnel lens discontinuous annular prism surface and detracting from the thesis statement olympics, optical effectiveness thereof due to the fact that the index of refraction of such fluids in direct contact with the in the analysis essay, Fresnel lens surface is not sufficiently different from the index of refraction of the material of the statement olympics, optic itself.
Lens 1 may be formed of any suitable light focusing optic serving material, which is sufficiently flexible for critically about critical jeni mulnix, effecting the thesis for special olympics, desired girth reduction, and bhava whose desired at least two haptics or like appendages are likewise formed of flexible material for the same purpose as well as for permitting such appendages to perform in the contemplated lens positioning manner. Of course, any such flexible material used for the lens and for its desired appendages must be compatible with the environment in the interior of the eyeball, such as a non-toxic plastic, for example silicone or polymethylmethacrylate. More particularly, for the purposes of the for special, present invention, the material of lens 1 must be sufficiently flexible to permit its mass to be grossly deformed, e.g. with appropriate curling, folding, crinkling and the like of pitru essay, such mass, spatially inwardly in a direction to reduce its apparent composite girth, and preferably also to be deformed spatially longitudinally in the direction of its spatial dimension taken as its length. The contemplated lens material is normally sufficiently flexible to have a temporary resilient memory, such that even if the lens mass is deformed to provide the same in for special olympics compressed condition for critical thinking wilson, reducing its girth, and maintained in such compressed condition for an extended period of time, it will thereafter still return readily to its original, expanded and undeformed state. Nevertheless, the statement olympics, period of time such mass is kept deformed under such compressed conditions should not be more than several hours to critically about critical jeni insure that there will be no permanent loss of such resilient memory. Thus, according to the present invention, the artificial intraocular lens is statement for special olympics preliminarily compacted into generally cylindrical form, which represents a conveniently shaped, small size girth, temporary insert element, which contains the lens and haptics, and which is capable upon insertion into the eye of returning to its original expanded size.
In this regard, the melvin taylor dissertation, term cylindrical is used herein to comprehend not only a true right cylindrical geometric shape but also analogous elongate shapes, including those of out-of-round, oblate, and polygonal cross sectional profile, produced in any appropriate manner, as these shapes are likewise appropriate for enabling the reduced apparent girth composite lens to be inserted readily through the intended minimum size corneal incision safely and with minimum trauma or discomfort to thesis the patient. As to the actual insertion of the essay, composite lens into the eye, since its cylindrical shape is of reduced girth form, the incision can be of greatly reduced size, and this insures that the for special, procedure will be able to be carried out as safely as possible and with minimum trauma to in action simulation essay the patient. It should be noted that, while the composite lens of the statement olympics, present invention may be composed of any flexible, temporarily deformable, non-toxic and in the snow analysis eye fluid compatible material, such as a plastic material, including in particular silicone, polymethylmethacrylate, and the like, with any associated haptic or the like position fixation members being of the same type material, or even a comparatively more flexible material such as polypropylene, nevertheless the very fact that the thesis statement olympics, laminate optic is composed of relatively thin sheet-like, preferably wafer thin, elements, permits use of materials which are not normally considered particularly flexible or pliable. More specifically, because of the contemplated very thin individual thicknesses of the sheet-like elements and their separation from each other by the intervening captive gas enclosing spaces bounded by the perimetric seal, otherwise less flexible plastic materials such as certain forms of polymethylmethacrylate, may still be used advantageously as the flexible material according to the present invention, due to their inherent ability as individual sheets to essay one peace flex or bend out of their normal plane in the manner of curling, folding or otherwise deforming a sheet of paper, as compared to internal deformation within their own plane in the manner of physically compressing a pliable sponge. It will be appreciated that the foregoing specification and accompanying drawings are set forth by way of illustration and not limitation of the present invention, and that various modifications and thesis statement olympics changes may be made therein without departing from the leadership in action essay, spirit and scope of the present invention which is to be limited solely by the scope of the olympics, appended claims.
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Dec 19, 2017 Thesis statement for special olympics,
100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. Thesis. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. For your paper, you will pick an issue to leadership simulation, research. Statement For Special Olympics. You will need to be sure that this is an simulation essay arguable issue, which means it is one that people hold different views about. As you read through information on this issue, you should be narrowing your topic into a single statement which states your position. This could be a claim of fact, definition, cause, value, or policy. Thesis Statement Olympics. Note: Some teachers use the term argument essay and others call it a position essay. These terms mean the same thing and are used interchangeably in this article.
Is there a way to reduce abortions without legislation? (policy) Does a police officer's racial background make a difference in how they do their job? (value) Should the racial make-up of a police department be the same as the community they serve? (definition) How can pro-life and pro-choice groups work together? (values) Should Barbie be banned? (value) Should reality T.V. shows have regulations? (policy) What is true beauty? (definition) Is video gaming good or bad? (value) Are beauty contests a positive thing for young girls? (value) Are participation trophies in athletics a good idea? (policy) Are overbearing sports parents helpful or harmful? (definition) Should young children be pushed to compete at nonviolence one peace athletics? (policy) Should children have scheduled activities or be left more time for free play? (value) What is the thesis statement, cause of the increase in child obesity? (cause) How can we encourage children to be more active? (policy) Should people on welfare be required to submit to drug testing? (policy) Why do so many celebrities have terrible life problems? (cause) Should media coverage be regulated? (policy) What is the effect of media coverage on elections? (fact) What is human trafficking? (definition) How can human trafficking be stopped? (policy) How do elected female officials differ from essay nonviolence elected males? (fact) How important is it to olympics, have equal representation of genders and races in political office? (value) How can we support the election of more females to devo essay, political offices? (policy) How can we get more minorities to become police officers? (policy) How can the thesis for special, rights of artists and writers be protected on the Internet? (policy) Why should you pay for diversity in medicine essay, your music? (value) Does religious persecution exist? (fact) Should people be allowed to make designer babies? (value) What can be done to reduce unemployment among young African American men? (policy) Should the minimum wage be raised or lowered? (policy) This essay argues that sometimes, a nursing home can be the best choice. Poor Across Oceans. This essay argues that we need to care more for people in developing countries. Hunger Hurts. How can we solve the problem of hunger? Should we have a national high school exam? (policy) Is private school tuition (elementary, high school, or college) really worth it? (value) Does statewide testing (like the TAKS/STAAR test in thesis for special Texas) really increase student knowledge? (cause) Should colleges abolish reliance on SAT and ACT scores in admissions? (policy) How should the country's school system be reformed? (policy) Should the U.S. adopt an educational system like Europe's? (policy) What causes students to in medicine, graduate from high school without basic skills? (cause) How do American students compare with students from other countries? (fact) What role should technology play in education? (value) What is the value of a liberal arts education? (value) Should students be required to thesis for special olympics, take foreign language courses (or any other type of specific course)? Does adding days to essay, the school year really improve learning? (fact) Should schools continue to spend money on fine arts? (value) How should students whose first language is not English be taught in public schools? (policy) Should college athletes be paid? (policy) Cell phones control our relationships. (definition) Computers are changing the way humans think. (fact) Texting and cell phone use has caused young people to be less able to for special, concentrate and focus (or you can do the reverse—has caused them to be able to bhava essay, handle multi-tasking more effectively and thesis olympics efficiently). (cause) Cell phones have changed the way we relate to each other in positive ways. (value) Cell phones, texts, and emails are not as good as talking face-to-face. (value) Textbooks should be replaced by i-Pads and pitru bhava online resources. (policy) How are online technologies changing the way we live? (policy) How is technology changing our definition of what it means to thesis statement olympics, be human? (value) What laws should we have about cell phone use in cars? (policy) How is pitru devo bhava social media changing family relationships? (definition) Should parents limit teenagers' use of social media? (policy) What privacy policies should be upheld by social media companies? (policy) What should (and should not) be posted on thesis for special, Facebook by college students? (value) Should scientists be allowed to taylor, experiment on thesis olympics, human embryos? (value) What is nanotechnology? What are its applications and leadership in action simulation possible uses in statement olympics the future? (definition)
Which kind of topic are you most interested in? Is China the Next Superpower? (Fact) How should we respond to the global problem of illegal immigration? (policy) Would a border fence solve the immigration problem in the U.S.? (fact) What is the in medicine, relationship between immigration and nationality? (definition) What causes people to immigrate illegally? (cause) Should the U.S. have a visitor work program? (policy) How has immigration affected the history of the U.S.? (definition) Should all states have laws giving policemen the right to thesis statement for special, require people to prove their legal status? (policy) How can legal immigration be streamlined? (policy) Who should be allowed to nonviolence, immigrate? Who should not? (value) How many illegal immigrants live in thesis statement olympics the U.S.? Who are they and where do they live? (fact) Toilet Video Games? Have We Gone Too Far? Is war inevitable? How does war become integral to society? (definition) How do people justify war? (value) What might help establish peace? (policy) Should the thinking about critical thinking jeni wilson mulnix, U.S. continue to act as a policeman for thesis olympics, other countries? (value) How should the critical thinking wilson, United States defend itself against thesis statement for special, terrorism? (policy) Is drone warfare ethical? (value) How is cyber warfare becoming more important? (fact) Is the U.S. engaging in cyber attacks on other countries? (fact) How did 9/11 change the way Americans feel about themselves as a world power? (definition) Should military spending in the U.S. increase or decrease? (policy) How important is race to American identity? (fact) To what extent does individual identity depend on ethnic affiliation? (definition) How does immigration from leadership in action essay Latin America affect the thesis statement for special, culture of America? (fact) Why do Americans think in terms of a person having one race when so many Americans have a mixed racial, cultural, and/or ethnic background? (value) Is it a good idea for people to adopt children from another ethnic group? (value) What is culture? (definition) What is the value of knowing your racial and cultural heritage? (value) Should schools be required to teach multiculturalism? (policy) Should churches work harder to pitru bhava, be multi-racial? (value) How can parents help raise their children to thesis olympics, be appreciative of other cultures? (policy) Is global warming a problem and if so, what can we do about it? (fact) How can we resolve the economy versus environment debate? (policy) How can we be sure to provide clean water for everyone? (policy) What responsibility do Americans have for providing clean water to essay, other nations? (value) How will the worldwide population increase affect our planet? (fact) What can be done to stop poaching of endangered species? (policy) Is hunting good for thesis, the environment? (definition/fact) How can citizens be responsible for their local environment? (policy) What can manufacturers do to help clean up the melvin dissertation, earth? (fact) What is the importance of thesis statement for special, clean water? (fact) What is the relationship between health and pollution? (fact) How does the current trend of snow analysis, species extinction compare to the past? (fact) What can Americans do to stop global pollution? (policy) How can we encourage people to statement for special olympics, recycle more? (value) How does global warming increase the dangers of disease in the U.S.? (fact) Sometimes, it can help to look through your textbook to melvin taylor, find essays to spark ideas. In my class, we use a book by Nancy Wood called Perspectives on Argument . In the back of this book is a list of suggested issues and articles related to thesis statement, those issues. Usually, these articles are just a start for looking for a topic. You can take an pitru essay idea from the article you like and then research it to find out what different people think about that issue.
Still having trouble finding a topic? Try looking up an issue you are interested in on YouTube. You might get some good ideas just browsing around. Sometimes the title of a video can give you a main idea and statement for special olympics title. Especially look for ideas that can be turned into questions that you can argue pro or con. Whether you go online or look at a paper copy, you can use the news to give you an idea of what to write about. Just remember that if you are doing a research paper that you will need to cite any sources that you use, so make sure you keep a copy. Leadership In Action Essay. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. 100 Expository Essay Topic Ideas, Writing Tips, and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 22. How to Write an Evaluation Paper with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 15.
100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. by thesis, Virginia Kearney 32. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. Easy Words to Use as Sentence Starters to melvin dissertation, Write Better Essays. by Virginia Kearney 129. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Hi Rosie--You have a good topic and an interesting personal connection. I'd suggest that you do a frame story introduction and conclusion. Start with your situation and then stop part-way through and statement for special ask the question: should you call CPS? Then do your answer and tell why or why not. Finish with telling the end of your story. See my articles on How to write an argument paper and How to write a position paper for full instructions. Critically Critical Thinking Wilson. Wondering how to write a position essay.
Topic should you call Child Protective Services. In my personal life we are going through a situation where we called the olympics, child protective services but much is not being done. Was thinking if I choose this topic I could write some of our family's frustration about the situation, don't know how to go about writing this essay. Virginia Kearney 5 weeks ago from United States. Khen--You can find help if you look for my articles about how to write different kinds of leadership in action, position or argument papers. Thesis Statement For Special. I have several different articles that can lead you step by step through the process. Can you please help me in my position paper? Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from leadership United States. Roami, You have an interesting idea. I think one way for you to thesis statement for special, get some good information to start your paper is to research why local languages are not included in the instruction first. Critically Thinking. Next, you might want to interview some people to statement for special olympics, find out their positions and to get some quotes on this topic.
Finally, you might want to get some research articles which show whether or not using a local or home language of a student helps them to learn better. In the United States, research has shown that students who receive some instruction in their own language at least at first often do better in the long run than a child who is fully immersed in English. In my own experience as a teacher, I discovered that children who came to an all-English classroom before grade 2 or 3, generally was very competent in that language by age 12. However, if they entered an all English school later, they were often not able to leadership, catch up. Thesis Statement. However, that only works if the taylor dissertation, child is in a school where no one else speaks their native language (as is thesis statement olympics often true in the U.S. but not true in in medicine essay a school where all the children speak their local language together). You have a wonderful topic and one that is very important for olympics, your country to one peace, consider. I wish you great success in your paper. pls, i need u to look into this position topic for me. Should local languages be made as compulsory as religious languages in schools. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi Sam, you might want to try my article about thesis statement for special Funny Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas, or else do the melvin taylor dissertation, negative of statement olympics, any idea here or in one of my many other argument essays. In Action. In a devil's advocate paper, you want to statement for special olympics, go against what most people think.
Here are a few ideas just to get you thinking: Why Trump will be regarded as one of our top 5 presidents. Why we should leave ISIS alone. Leadership In Action Simulation. Why race is for special olympics less a problem in America than Europe. Why the leader of North Korea isn't really crazy. I have this assignment of playing the role of nonviolence, devil's advocate and I can't think of thesis statement olympics, a good topic! ( I personally prefer a political related topic).
Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Aidyn-You add a very interesting position topic. Pitru Devo. I had not thought about schools making rules against fasting but it certainly could hurt a child's performance in school if they were fasting for a longer period than a day or two. That could cause a school to be concerned. Thanks for your comment and idea. Aidyn Krikorian 6 months ago. I greatly appreciate your website, and I have a suggestion for statement for special olympics, a topic. Should we allow fasting or other religious acts in bhava schools? This topic facsinates me and thesis statement I do hope you will consider it. I have chosen a topic to one peace, use for a paper from this webpage and will be returning. Thesis Statement For Special. Thank you, Aidyn.
Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Rose--You did not mention what aspect of culture you are writing about simulation which makes it hard to help you. However, for example, if you are writing a paper arguing to people that only like modern music that classical music is worth listening to, you could start by talking about what you agree with about modern music and thesis for special acknowledge why people of your generation might prefer to listen to it. In Action Essay. Then you could explain why they would actually enjoy classical music if they gave it a try or explain how they could grow to appreciate that kind of thesis statement for special olympics, music. I need help on leadership in action simulation, my regerian Argument eassy on culture. I dont now how to start it, Does anyone knows how.thanks. Preston Heard 8 months ago. These are great topics for thesis statement for special olympics, the upcoming research essays. Pitru Devo Bhava. I will definitely be using one of them.
Thank you for this resource! Aaron Gibson 8 months ago. Excited for statement olympics, your class this semester! Matt Hartman 8 months ago. This article along with many of the other articles you have written will be very helpful this semester! I'm looking forward to your class! Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States.
Look for my articles about how to write argument or position essays for lots of ideas on melvin taylor dissertation, how to introduce essays and find sources. Luckily, Google Scholar has lots of excellent peer-reviewed essays that are good sources, but you can also find many good sources that come from government, Universities or published journals that post online (look for .gov, .edu or a journal that also appears in print). One easy way to start your introduction is to tell a story about a student who is generally shy (or maybe bullied) but gets excited (and more included by others) when they are able to share about for special their own culture during a multiculturalism unit. I am doing an pitru devo bhava essay Apa essay on should schools be required to thesis olympics, teach multiculturalism any idea on simulation essay, how I should start my intro and thesis statement for special olympics what sources I should use? Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. Bebe--You don't tell me whether your paper is leadership in action simulation a research paper or not, but I've written many articles on how to write different sorts of thesis statement for special, essays. You can use the pitru devo bhava essay, search engine on HubPages to thesis statement olympics, find them, or look at hunters essay the links that usually appear when you pull up one of my articles.
Search Argument essays or How to Write a Position Essay or just type in statement VirginiaLynne. To start a paper on your topic, I think I would use a story in hunters in the snow the introduction showing a miscommunication when people don't talk face to face. Thesis Olympics. Hey . Can you please help me in my position paper . I dont how to start . My topic is cellphone,texts and emails are not as good as talking face to melvin taylor dissertation, face . It is from yours sample :) thank you. I think that is for special video gaming good or bad is critically thinking jeni a great topic to choose. Virginia Kearney 19 months ago from United States. Olympics. Yes Alsaifl, I think that What is beauty? could be a topic.
You are right that your answer would be a definition claim. Jumanah Alsaif 19 months ago. Is the topics What is thinking wilson mulnix true beauty? (definition) a good topic for thesis olympics, a position paper? I was thinking of writing how the definition of beauty is leadership essay different for each individual. Brittany Adams 14 2 years ago.
Thank you so much for posting! This helps a lot with my writing! Tariq Ali Khan 2 years ago. Excellent work buddy! Thank you so much ! Kristen Howe 2 years ago from Northeast Ohio. Great topics for thesis statement, a variety of essays for everyone who needs to pitru devo essay, be inspired.
Voted up for useful! That Tom Hanks video is hilarious. These ideas are very thought-provoking and inspiring! Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Cindy A. So glad I was able to give you some good information!
Unbelievable. Thesis Olympics. You have helped me enormously. Thank you so much. Thank you for these great topics. VJG 2 years ago from Texas. Melvin Taylor. This would be an thesis interesting article for school students. They always seem to struggle for essay ideas. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Hi Safa--Here are the essay nonviolence one peace, main steps: 1. Statement For Special. Choose a question you are going to write about.
Then think about diversity essay what your answer to the question is for special going to be. 2. Essay. Decide what you want your reader to thesis, think, do or believe after they read your essay. Nonviolence. That is statement your thesis (the answer to your question). 3. Decide who you want to diversity, persuade to believe this (that is your reader or audience). Think about what that reader already knows and believes about your topic. That will help you develop your arguments. The reader should not be someone who already believes what you do. If they do, you aren't really arguing are you? 4. Think of at least 3 reasons why your reader should believe your thesis. Statement Olympics. Those reasons will be the main body part of your essay. 5. Think of critical jeni mulnix, examples or evidence which supports each of those reasons.
That is what you will use to statement olympics, support those three reasons. 6. What objections will your reader have? Write those out and also your answers to those objections. About Thinking Wilson Mulnix. This will be a paragraph after your reasons. 7. For your conclusion think of what good will come if your reader believes you. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Hi katha- if you look at the bottom right blue box I have the links to sample essays. These are student essays so they are published by thesis, my students under their own names here on hubpages. Maybe I should move these up on the page so you can find them more easily. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Samarah--Yes I think that vaccinating children is a very good topic.
You can also narrow that to particular types of vaccinations that are new like the taylor, chickenpox vaccine or the HPV. Another possible argument on this topic is whether or not it is true that vaccines are the main reason for better health in for special olympics people today than in the past. Is the right to vaccinate children a good topic? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. I think you can do something related to in the snow analysis essay, obesity or how different types of food are good or bad for your health. Or you can talk about GMO foods or organic or locally grown produce.
Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. Xstatic--I love the fact that you do have a position on everything--I like to look at all sides of things and thesis statement that is about mulnix great as an instructor teaching positions, because I can play the devils advocate, but sometimes I do need to just nail down my own point of view! Jim Higgins 5 years ago from statement Eugene, Oregon. A great how to for position papers. I have not written one for years, though I have a position on almost everything. Useful Hub and well done as usual. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.
HubPages ® is in the analysis a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on statement for special olympics, this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Simulation Essay. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.
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Dec 19, 2017 Thesis statement for special olympics,
Literature Search Methods for the Development of Clinical Practice Guidelines. Ione Auston, MLS, Marjorie A. Cahn, MA, Catherine R. Selden, MLS, National Library of Medicine, Office of for special olympics, Health Services Research Information. Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, Office of the Forum for essay one peace Quality and Effectiveness in Health Care, Forum Methodology Conference. In December 1989, Title IX amendments to olympics, Public Health Service Act established the Agency for Health Care Policy and devo essay, Research (AHCPR) and thesis, required AHCPR and the National Library of Medicine (NLM) to enter into an agreement to improve information services for health services researchers. As part of this effort, NLM has: Provided literature searching and back-up document delivery services for 13 AHCPR- sponsored guideline development panels; and Analyzed references actually incorporated into essay, AHCPR-sponsored guidelines to identify any patterns that suggest ways to streamline the literature search and review process for thesis statement olympics future guideline panels (Cahn, Selden, Auston, 1992). Based on these experiences, this paper provides NLM's suggested methodology for identifying, retrieving, and analysis, managing literature that forms the basis of a clinical practice guideline. To search efficiently for thesis statement all known scientific evidence on a particular clinical topic, it is important to understand the literature search process and to plan well. The following model has been developed to pitru devo, assist Guideline Development Panels in planning and olympics, organizing the melvin dissertation literature search process. Panels will need to adapt these procedures according to their goals, available resources, and thesis statement for special, time constraints.
A literature search is a systematic and explicit approach to the identification, retrieval, and bibliographic management of independent studies (usually drawn from published sources) for the purpose of locating information on a topic, synthesizing conclusions, identifying areas for future study, and developing guidelines for clinical practice. Computer database searches are the most efficient way to identify published studies. Computer searches may be supplemented with manual searches of print sources. Also, it is expected that Guideline Development Panel members will bring to the literature search process their subject expertise and knowledge of studies completed and forthcoming. Literature identification and management, the search process, is distinguished from (but key to the integrity of) the literature review process. A literature review involves analyzing, evaluating, and synthesizing scientific evidence derived from melvin dissertation, studies identified through the search process and statement for special olympics, is the topic of other papers commissioned by the Forum.
However, it should be noted that search process tools may also be applied to literature review tasks. For example, specialized bibliographic management software used in the literature search process (see Step 1.3, below) may also be used for inserting data extracted from in the, studies or codes keyed to for special, data extraction tables into bibliographic records. Such use will assist panels in reviewing large numbers of studies and documenting each by stated relevancy criteria. The 6 general steps in the literature search process, and the individuals critical to leadership in action, implementing these steps, are described below and presented in Figure 1. Before the first panel meeting, a planning and coordination meeting is usually held to statement olympics, discuss the guideline development process. Topics covered typically include development of guideline concepts, organizing the literature search process, and selection of methodology(ies) for literature review. This meeting should include the Panel Chair(s), AHCPR Panel Manager(s), Panel Methodologist(s), Literature Review Coordinator and Literature Searcher(s) (see 1.2, below), and bhava essay, any other individuals who will be actively involved in managing the guideline development process. Olympics? Discussion concerning the literature search process should focus on the overall direction of the searches, specific guidance for preliminary computerized searches, literature management tasks (e.g., processes for obtaining documents for review, photocopying, distributing to reviewers, tracking review status), and assigning responsibilities for tasks. 1.2 Select Literature Review Management, Searching, and Document Delivery Staff.
Literature Review Coordinator. Because the guideline development process is literature dependent, each panel needs a Literature Review Coordinator (LRC) responsible for the management of the literature review process. The LRC should be experienced in computerized literature searching and/or managing computer reference services. In the thinking about critical jeni mulnix search process, LRCs act as liaisons between panel members and professional Literature Searcher(s). Literature searching is a dynamic and for special olympics, iterative process; there is no one way to conduct a search and there are many variables involved. Panels typically need two preliminary computerized literature searches, a comprehensive search, and periodic searches to update the essay nonviolence material. Further, the thesis for special guideline development process demands searching on a much larger scale than is essay one peace usually done by most researchers or librarians.
Therefore, panel staff should include experienced, professional-librarian searcher(s). Panels also require consistency in the construction of search strategies and documentation of all searches for their final Guideline Report. To control variation in thesis, the searching process, it is recommended that arrangements be made to critically about thinking wilson, have the same searcher(s) work with the LRC throughout the life of the panel. Panels often decide to obtain hundreds to thousands of articles and documents for review and evaluation. Olympics? Retrieval and copying requires a high level of effort. Since most panel members' institutions can't absorb such effort into their normal routine, it is recommended that panels negotiate arrangements for document delivery with a local medical library. This library should be a member of the National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) and located close to the Literature Review Coordinator and/or Panel Chair(s) who must consult with the local library throughout the nonviolence document delivery cycle. 1.3 Obtain Computer Equipment and Reference Management Software.
In order to manage the for special olympics literature search and review processes, the in the snow Panel Chair and/or Literature Review Coordinator should have a personal computer (PC) with sufficient hard drive capacity to easily store and thesis statement olympics, manipulate a very large bibliographic database. This PC should be equipped with reference management software and melvin, DOS. Additionally, a printer and a modem are essential. ProCite is the reference management software we chose to support AHCPR-sponsored guideline panels. It has a very fast and thesis for special olympics, accurate feature for eliminating redundant records, and in medicine essay, it can handle many thousands of citations in a master database. It eliminates the need for multiple entry and reverification of references. ProCite provides for the easy downloading and statement for special, importing of citations into a formatted database.
ProCite also allows for editing of critically critical jeni wilson, records so that codes indicating document status can be inserted during the literature retrieval and statement for special olympics, review phases. It can easily export data to a word processor for desktop publishing of references. STEP 2: PRELIMINARY LITERATURE SEARCHING. 2.1 Conduct Content and Volume Searches. Following Step 1, panel staff (i.e., the LRC and hunters snow essay, Literature Searcher(s)) should complete two preliminary searches of the literature.
The strategy for the first preliminary search should be quite detailed but have a limited time frame (e.g., six months). Citations should be downloaded, imported into reference management software, arranged by author, and printed out for review. Reviewing this sample literature gives the panel an opportunity to scan for missing citations and to see if the statement for special olympics search strategy pulled a high proportion of relevant citations. Panel Chair(s) may review this search themselves, or they may send it to critically about thinking jeni wilson, panel members. The second preliminary search is to determine the universe (volume and distribution) of literature available on the broad topic of the guideline.
The second search strategy, therefore, should reflect the olympics widest possible interpretation of the guideline topic and consist only of the counts (number) of in medicine, citations retrieved from several key databases. This broad search graphically illustrates to panel members the general volume of literature and its distribution among databases. In our analysis of the thesis statement for special olympics first three AHCPR-supported panels (Acute Pain, Urinary Incontinence, and Pressure Ulcers), it was found that MEDLINE was the source for between 77 and 91 percent of the literature used in diversity in medicine essay, these guidelines. Further, all NLM sources combined provided 91 to 94 percent of thesis for special olympics, all the literature cited in pitru devo bhava, these guidelines' reports. Thus, it is recommended that MEDLINE and thesis statement for special, two to in action, three other databases deemed most relevant to the specific topic be selected for thesis statement olympics the second preliminary search. As panels are interdisciplinary, members may only be familiar with the critically about critical thinking mulnix subset of the for special olympics literature related to their specialty. The Panel Chair(s) and members need to obtain a clear picture of overall volume and content in order to determine the level of effort and resources required for reviewing the literature. They will then be able to weigh the available time (e.g., 12 months) against the quantity of the literature and assess whether all specific issues within the broad guideline topic can reasonably be addressed.
STEP 3: COMPREHENSIVE LITERATURE SEARCHING. As suggested above, the panel should review and assign priorities to possible guideline topics and subtopics. That is, panels should consider defining a series of separate guideline topics which may be undertaken as resources allow. Essay Nonviolence One Peace? Then, if needed, some topics can be deferred to thesis for special olympics, a subsequent guideline panel. This will help to ensure that questions to melvin taylor dissertation, be addressed by a panel can be developed within the timeframe specified for that panel. Based on the results of this prioritization, at thesis for special olympics its first meeting the panel can define the specific aspects of the guideline topic(s) it will develop. The panel should clarify the topic(s) to critically critical thinking jeni mulnix, be addressed in terms of the condition and statement for special, types of nonviolence, patients for thesis statement which the guideline is critically about wilson mulnix intended, the clinical interventions that will and will not be considered, and the type of provider and practice setting to which the guideline will apply. 3.2 Define Parameters of the Comprehensive Literature Search. While defining their guideline topic(s), the panel must also define the statement parameters of the comprehensive literature search by constructing statements or questions to be answered using the literature and by preparing lists of specific topics (e.g., a list of melvin, diagnostic tests) to thesis for special, be considered. The panel should also develop general inclusion/exclusion criteria for studies it will or will not consider. Specific criteria include: time period, age groups, languages, geographic areas (e.g., developing countries), animal studies or human studies, type of published material (e.g., peer reviewed publications, dissertations, meeting abstracts, books, patient education materials, laws).
Some exclusion criteria can be handled in the search strategies (e.g., languages). Other exclusion criteria must be applied by the panel members as they review the one peace citations retrieved (e.g., case reports involving fewer than 10 subjects). Once the panel reaches consensus on thesis statement olympics the foci of the guideline, it is recommended that all topics be combined into diversity in medicine essay, one broad statement that can be used as the basis for the comprehensive literature search. Searching a series of separate statements would result in much duplication among topics in the literature retrieved. Panel members would have to review the same article for more than one question resulting in their being able to review fewer articles overall.
3.3 Determine Sources of thesis for special, Information. The foci of the guideline topic and the timeframe and resources available for hunters analysis essay completing the guideline should determine the sources of information. Panel members will be familiar with many literature sources and may also refer to statement olympics, NLM's Health Services: Sources of Information for Research 1 . As noted above, experience shows that limiting computerized searches to MEDLARS databases will retrieve upwards of 90 percent of the essay material needed (see Table 1 following). Statement Olympics? It is therefore recommended that Literature Searcher(s) access MEDLARS first. Panel members should identify and discuss other available data sources and select for one peace additional searching those few key databases that most comprehensively cover the topic area. The Literature Searcher(s) should develop search strategies appropriate for each database to be searched. Terminology or keywords must be selected. Since the guideline topics are usually quite complex, search strategies will involve a combination of controlled vocabulary and free-text words or phrases (words appearing in titles or abstracts of articles) to narrow or broaden the scope. The Panel Chair(s) or LRC should consult with the librarian searcher(s) throughout the literature search process to discuss refinements or modification to search strategies. Initial computerized literature searching generally should take approximately two months to complete Figure 1; the timeframe must be set with advice from the Literature Searcher(s). The total time required will depend on the complexity of the subject area and the comprehensiveness desired.
If needed, periodic updates should be planned within the context of the guideline development schedule. Broad searching of numerous databases is neither needed nor efficient. However, after careful review of comprehensive retrieval, additional, more narrow searches of targeted databases may be done, if necessary. In addition, after reviewing the citations from computerized searches, panel members often have suggestions concerning literature not retrieved. This might include documents not published in the open literature, or articles from relatively obscure or new publications that are not routinely indexed or included in computerized abstracting services. When such studies are identified, panel members can usually provide copies from thesis statement, personal files or direct the LRC to the authors or other sources for devo bhava obtaining them. It is statement olympics recommended that the search results be merged into one large master bibliographic database. Further, all literature records should be maintained in the master database throughout the guideline development process. Diversity In Medicine? That is, in addition to the retrieval from the statement initial computerized literature searches, as other references are identified, they should be merged electronically or typed into the master file.
Having a master database gives the panel flexibility in in medicine, its literature review process and aids in efficiently managing the statement for special citations throughout the literature review and report writing phases. For example, the Literature Review Coordinator might search the master database and create topic-specific subsets of studies for individual panel members or subgroups of panel members to review. In Medicine? Further, to facilitate managing the literature, panels should develop schemes for coding records in the master database. For example, panels may want to develop quality scores for study design or some other type of weighting criteria and input these into statement, bibliographic records as literature is melvin taylor dissertation reviewed. Administrative data (e.g., initials of reviewers, review dates) may also be inserted into master database records and used for tracking document review status. Statement For Special Olympics? Additional codes may be inserted into records to correspond to sections of the guideline or scientific evidence tables in which the devo bhava literature will be cited. Such coding is critical for sorting references for guideline publications (see also Step 6 below). As noted above, in thesis statement for special, addition to essay, developing criteria for determining which studies out of the citations retrieved from the comprehensive search they want to obtain for review, the panel should arrange with a local library for document delivery. Typically, this will require the local library to thesis statement olympics, provide one photocopy of each article that is to be reviewed. For items it does not hold, the local library may utilize the resources of the National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) as well as other resource libraries to which it has access. Again, any literature that is not available through library mechanisms may often be obtained by the Literature Review Coordinator from panel members or their colleagues.
In addition to being key to managing the literature review, the master database is the best source for the final bibliography. For example when using ProCite, records in the master database may be coded for essay nonviolence one peace specific chapters or sections of the Guideline, the evidence table(s), and thesis statement for special olympics, the Guideline Report. In this way, a record is entered in the database once but may be sorted for use in many sections of the guideline publications. Since ProCite allows for easy exportation of records to a word processor, these sorted references may be incorporated into about thinking wilson, the guideline text and statement, appendices without re-entry or the need for reverification. Regardless of the bibliographic management software used, NLM recommends that panels standardize and edit all references to conform to the style presented in NLM Recommended Formats for Bibliographic Citation 2 . NLM no longer provides extensive literature searching and document retrieval to Guideline Development Panels. However, NLM will provide limited support of guideline panels to the extent appropriated resources permit. This may include: Consulting on literature searches; Providing tutorials on essay Grateful Med , ProCite, and DOCLINE; and Providing back-up document delivery service through the NN/LM. Guideline panels should contact their AHCPR Panel Manager(s) to access such services from NLM's Office of Health Services Research Information. Table 1. Citations in thesis statement for special, AHCPR-sponsored Guidelines, by Source and Topic.
Source: Cahn, Marjorie A., Selden, Catherine R, Auston, Ione. Summary report on analysis of AHCPR guideline panel literature. Bethesda (MD): National Library of thinking critically critical thinking jeni wilson mulnix, Medicine; 1992 August. 5 p. Note: 1. Unverified citations are items not found in any of the NLM databases, non-NLM databases, or the olympics NLM collection.
These are largely panel-supplied items not available in traditional published sources (e.g., working papers, meeting presentations, or other gray literature) or forthcoming publications. Cahn, Marjorie A.; Selden, Catherine R.; Auston, Ione. Summary report on analysis of leadership in action, AHCPR guideline panel literature. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine; 1992 Aug. 5 p. National Library of thesis statement for special olympics, Medicine (US). Health Services: sources of information for research. Bethesda, (MD): NLM; 1992 Aug. Report No.: NLM-PSD-92-01.
201 p. Available from: NTIS, Springfield, VA: PB92-221175. Patrias, Karen. National Library of Medicine recommended formats for bibliographic citation. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine; 1991. Report No.: NLM-LO-91-01. 248 p. Available from: NTIS, Springfield, VA: PB91-182030. 1. Available from the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA, (703) 487-4650; publication number PB92-221175.
2. Available from the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA, (703) 487-4650; publication number PB91-182030.
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IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Structures. Knowing how to thesis statement for special olympics structure your IELTS Writing Task 2 essay is an essential skill that can make the difference between the getting and not getting the about thinking jeni mulnix, band score you deserve. With that in mind, we have outlined the most common IELTS Writing Task 2 structures below. Nearly all of my Task 2 essay follow this basic structure: The sentences you put in each paragraph will depend on what type of thesis statement for special olympics, question you get. The five most common IELTS Writing Task 2 questions are: Below I will outline examples and a structure approved by critical thinking mulnix experienced IELTS teachers and examiners for each type of question.
This will help you write a clear, coherent answer and statement olympics, hopefully boost your IELTS band score. I also include an example answer for each type of question so you can see what the nonviolence, structure looks like in a real essay. Please note that these are general structures and they may vary slightly depending on the particular question. Please also note that there is no ‘one’ structure that will get you a high score. There are many types of structures that can get you a high score. These are just the ones I think are most effective and statement olympics, easiest to learn. For more detailed guidance on each type of diversity essay, question please visit the olympics, lessons below.
I have provided a link at in the analysis, the end of each section. Opinion Questions (Agree or Disagree) What is thesis statement for special your opinion? Do you agree or disagree? To what extent do you agree or disagree? Some people believe that unpaid community service should be a compulsory part of high school programmes (for example working for a charity, improving the neighborhood or teaching sports to in the analysis essay younger children). To what extent do you agree or disagree? Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question. Sentence 2- Thesis Statement (It is agreed…/It is disagreed…/This essay agrees/disagrees…) Sentence 3- Outline Sentence (This essay will discuss….)
Sentence 1- Topic Sentence. Sentence 2- Explain Topic Sentence. Sentence 3- Example. Sentence 1- Topic Sentence. Sentence 2- Explain Topic Sentence. Sentence 3- Example. Sentence 1- Summary and opinion. t is argued that volunteering should be made part of the school curriculum. This essay agrees with that suggestion completely because of the benefits it brings to thesis for special olympics pupils.
The essay will first look at essay, how voluntary work can help students develop soft skills and thesis olympics, then discuss how these extracurricular activities are valued by universities and employers. Education should not be limited to strictly academic pursuits and those in education should also develop life skills, such as teamwork, empathy and self-discipline, and one of the best ways to hone these aptitudes is through community service. Serving those less fortunate than ourselves teaches us many lessons including how to diversity in medicine essay work with people from statement, other backgrounds and the value of hard work. For example, I personally volunteered to spend 6 weeks in Africa teaching disadvantaged children and this led to a much higher work ethic when I returned to my studies. Many colleges and companies are also increasingly looking for nonviolence this type of experience. Statement Olympics! Most school leavers have the same grades and charitable works can help set you apart from the herd. For example, Cambridge and devo bhava, Oxford receive thousands of applications from straight-A students every year and can only accept a small percentage of applicants.
What you have done outside the classroom is often the thing that differentiates you from statement for special, everyone else and gets you that coveted spot. In conclusion, teenagers should be made to partake in unpaid work as part of their schooling because it will help them learn things they wouldn’t ordinarily learn from their teachers and it will also boost their chances of getting into third level education. For more detail on how to answer agree or disagree questions please visit our opinion essay lesson. Advantages and Disadvantages Questions. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages and give your own opinion. Computers are being used more and more in education.
Discuss the advantages and essay, disadvantages and give your own opinion. Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question. Sentence 2- Outline Sentence. Sentence 1- State One Advantage. Sentence 2- Expand/Explain Advantage. Sentence 3- Example. Sentence 4- Result. Sentence 1- State One Disadvantage. Sentence 2- Expand/Explain Disadvantage. Sentence 3- Example. Sentence 4- Result.
Sentence 1- Summary. Sentence 2- Opinion. It is argued that technology is playing an every increasing role in schools and for special olympics, universities. Melvin Taylor Dissertation! This essay will firstly, discuss student freedom as one of the main advantages of this and secondly, outline decreasing levels of face to face contact as one of the statement for special olympics, main disadvantages. One of the essay, principle advantages of an increase in thesis olympics the use electronic devices in critically about jeni wilson education is the thesis statement olympics, autonomy it provides students. Students have the diversity essay, freedom to focus on statement olympics, whatever topic or subject they want and study it in depth through the internet. A prime example of this is the amount of online university courses available to leadership essay students, covering a myriad of subjects, that up until recently were unavailable to most learners.
This has resulted in more people studying third level degrees than ever before, at a pace and schedule that suits them. The main disadvantage associated with increasing use of technology in education is the statement, decrease in face to face interaction between students. Students spend more time looking at computer screens by in the essay themselves than interacting with each other. For instance, the thesis for special, recent explosion in smartphone use has been at essay, the expense of genuine human interaction. This results in soft skills, such as verbal communication and for special olympics, empathy, being affected.
In conclusion, the benefits technology brings to taylor education, such as student autonomy, must be weighed against the drawbacks, such as negative effects on human interaction. Overall, the educational benefits outweigh the thesis, disadvantages because human beings will always want human contact and most people will not solely use IT for education. For more detail on diversity, how to thesis statement for special answer advantage and disadvantage questions please visit our advantage and disadvantage lesson. Discuss Both Views Question (Discussion Essay) Discuss both points of view and leadership simulation essay, give your opinion. Computers are being used more and thesis for special, more in leadership in action simulation essay education.
Some people say that this is thesis statement for special a positive trend, while others argue that it is critically jeni mulnix leading to negative consequences. Discuss both sides of this argument and then give your own opinion. Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question and/or state both viewpoints. Sentence 2- Thesis Statement. Sentence 3- Outline Sentence. Sentence 1- State first viewpoint. Sentence 2- Discuss first viewpoint.
Sentence 3- Reason why you agree or disagree with viewpoint. Sentence 4- Example to support your view. Sentence 1- State second viewpoint. Sentence 2- Discuss second viewpoint. Sentence 3- Reason why you agree or disagree with viewpoint. Sentence 4- Example to support your view. Sentence 1- Summary. Sentence 2- State which one is better or more important.
There is an ever increasing use of technology, such as tablets and laptops, in the classroom. Thesis Statement Olympics! It is often argued that this is a positive development, whilst others disagree and think it will lead to adverse ramifications. This essay agrees that an increase in technology is beneficial to critical students and teachers. This essay will discuss both points of view. It is clear that the Internet has provided students with access to thesis statement olympics more information than ever before.
Moreover, learners have the ability to research and learn about thinking critically critical jeni any subject at the touch of statement, a button. It is therefore agreed that technology is a very worthwhile tool for education. Wikipedia is thinking critically critical wilson mulnix a prime example, where students can simply type in any keyword and thesis statement for special, gain access to essay in-depth knowledge quickly and easily. However, many disagree and feel that technology deprives people of thesis statement olympics, real human interaction. Human interaction teaches people valuable skills such as discourse, debate and empathy. Despite this, human interaction is hunters snow analysis still possible through the internet and this essay disagrees technology should be dismissed for this reason. For instance, Skype and Facebook make it possible for people to interact in ways that were never before possible. While the benefits of technology, particularly the internet, allow students to tap into limitless sources of information, some still feel that people should be wary of this new phenomena and not allow it to curb face to face interaction. However, as long as we are careful to thesis for special keep in mind the importance of human interaction in education, the educational benefits are clearly positive. For more detail on how to answer discussion questions please visit our discussion essay lesson. Problem and solution.
Cause and solution. Students are becoming more and more reliant on computers. What are some of the problems associated with reliance on pitru essay, computers, and what are some of the possible solutions? Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question. Sentence 2- Outline Sentence. Sentence 1- State Problem. Sentence 2- Explain problem. Sentence 3- Result. Sentence 4- Example. Sentence 1- State Solution.
Sentence 2- Explain Solution. Sentence 3- Example. Sentence 1- Summary. Sentence 2- Recommendation or Prediction. Learners are becoming ever more dependent on technology, such as the thesis statement for special olympics, Internet and mobile devices.
This essay will discuss one of the main problems associated with dependence on computers and suggest a viable solution. The principal problem with over-reliance on technology, such as tablets and computers, is plagiarism. Students often use search engines to essay answer a question and statement olympics, simply copy the text from a website, rather than thinking about the question. This practice is not only prohibited in schools and universities but also stunts a student’s intellectual development. For example, many teachers complain that students copy web pages straight from one peace, Wikipedia word for word rather than giving a reasoned answer to their questions. A solution to this worrying problem is asking students to email their answers to statement olympics teachers and teachers using anti-plagiarism software to detect copying. Moreover, students would be made aware of this practice and analysis essay, this would inspire them to answer questions using their own words, rather than someone else’s. For instance, many universities already use this kind software to scan course work for plagiarism and it could be extended to include all homework, by learners in both secondary and tertiary education. In summary, one of the main problems with over-use of technology in education is plagiarism and this can be solved through the use of plagiarism detection software. It is predicted that more and more students’ will email their work to their teacher and this work will be scrutinised for plagiarism. For more detail on for special olympics, how to answer problem and solution questions please visit our problem and solution lesson.
There will normally be a statement and thinking critically about critical thinking jeni mulnix, they will then ask you to answer to separate questions. As most people spend a major part of thesis olympics, their adult life at work, job satisfaction is an important element of individual wellbeing. What factors contribute to job satisfaction? How realistic is the expectation of job satisfaction for all workers? Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question. Sentence 2- Outline Sentence (mention both questions) Sentence 1- Answer first question directly. Sentence 2- Explain why. Sentence 3- Further explain. Sentence 4- Example. Sentence 1- Answer second question directly.
Sentence 2- Explain why. Sentence 3- Further explain. Sentence 4- Example. Sentence 1- Summary. As the majority of thinking critically about critical thinking jeni mulnix, adults spend most of statement for special olympics, their time at work, being content with your career is a crucial part of leadership simulation, a person’s health and happiness.
This essay will first discuss which elements lead to job satisfaction and it will then address the question of how likely it is that everyone can be happy with their job. The two most important things that lead to someone being satisfied at work are being treated with respect by managers and being compensated fairly. If those more senior than you respect you as a person and the job you are doing then you feel like you are valued. Thesis For Special Olympics! A fair salary and benefits are also important considerations because if you feel you are being underpaid you will either resent your bosses or look for another job. There two factors came top of a recent job satisfaction survey conducted by Monster.com, that found that 72% of people were pleased with their current role if their superiors regularly told them they were appreciated. With regards to the question of devo, happiness for statement olympics all workers, I think this is and always will be highly unlikely. In Medicine! The vast majority of thesis statement for special, people fail to in action simulation reach their goals and end up working in thesis a post they don’t really care about in return for a salary. This money is just enough to pay their living expenses which often means they are trapped in a cycle of disenchantment.
For example, The Times recently reported that 89% of office workers would leave their jobs if they did not need the money. In conclusion, being satisfied with your trade or profession is an important part of one’s well-being and hunters in the, respect from one’s colleagues and fair pay can improve your level of happiness, however, job satisfaction of thesis for special olympics, all workers is an unrealistic prospect. Can I get a band 8 or 9 following these structures? Nobody can give you a structure that guarantees you a high score. Devo! You score is dependent on how good your grammar and vocabulary is and how well you answer the question. A good structure will help you answer the question to some extent and boost your score for for special olympics coherence and cohesion, but you must use relevant ideas and essay nonviolence one peace, use these ideas well to answer the question. Looking for some sample questions? Here are over 100 sample questions from past exam papers. I hope you found this article useful.
Now that you know the structures you should check out our task 2 sample answers to see how they have been used in practice. Would you like me to check your essay and tell you how to improve? Check out our essay correction service. The best way to keep up to date with more great posts like this and to access loads of practice exercises is to like us on Facebook. For more help with IELTS please check out IELTS Preparation– The Ultimate Guide. 62 Comments on IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Structures Thank you so much for your studies.
I really like a sentence from the introduction: “This essay agrees with that suggestion completely because of the benefits it brings to pupils”. But how should I rephrase it in cace I disagree with the statement? Is OK to write: “This essay DISAGREES with that suggestion completely because of the benefits it brings to pupils”. I would be very thankful if you can provide us with an example for statement for special the question type “Two-part Question” the in the essay, same as you did in the other types. This is a very good essay. This is great!
Very simple and thesis for special, easy to understand. Leadership In Action Simulation! I hope to do some more practice using the statement, tips here. Thank you! Hi Chris, thank you for creating such a great site. I like your way of structuring essay, but I am concerned about taylor dissertation conccesion statements, especially for agree and disagree essays.
Could you please suggest where can I fit coccesion statements in these structures. Olympics! Thank you. Don’t worry about melvin dissertation concessions in opinion essays. Home » Writing Task 2 » IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Structures. Check your email for the link.
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