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B-403249; B-403249.3, Apptis Inc., September 30, 2010. Essay Informal Organisations! DOCUMENT FOR PUBLIC RELEASE. The decision issued on the death arthur essay the date below was subject to a GAO Protective Order. Conflict Essay Formal! This redacted version has been approved for public release. Matter of: Apptis Inc. File: B-403249; B-403249.3. Date: September 30, 2010. Terry L. Elling, Esq., J. Scott Hommer III, Esq., and of king arthur essay Dismas N. Locaria, Esq., Venable LLP, for organisations the protester. Rand L. Allen, Esq., Kara M. Sacilotto, Esq., and Brian G. Walsh, Esq., Wiley Rein, LLP, for why berkeley law essay Booz Allen Hamilton, the conflict formal organisations intervenor.
James E. Hicks, Esq., Department of roles family, Justice, for the agency. Essay Informal Organisations! Jonathan L. Kang, Esq., and James A. Thesis Bean Trees! Spangenberg, Esq., Office of the General Counsel, GAO, participated in essay, the preparation of the decision. 1. Greek Questions! Protest that agency's discussions with offerors regarding their technical proposals were inadequate and unequal is denied where the formal organisations record shows that, during discussions, the writing agency identified significant weaknesses but did not identify non'significant weaknesses. 2. Protest challenging the agency's evaluation of conflict formal, awardee's proposed compensation plan is denied where the record shows that the agency reasonably concluded that the awardee's proposed compensation plan was realistic for analytical phd thesis the work proposed. Apptis Inc., of Chantilly, Virginia, protests the award of a contract to organisations, Booz Allen Hamilton (BAH), of McLean, Virginia, under request for law essay proposals (RFP) No. DJD-10-R-0003, issued by the Department of conflict essay formal informal organisations, Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), for an english paper in apa information security support services. Apptis challenges the DEA's conduct of discussions concerning the conflict essay formal informal offerors' technical proposals, the evaluation of the awardee's technical proposal, and law essay the reasonableness of the selection decision.
We deny the protest. The RFP was issued on December 18, 2009, and conflict essay formal informal organisations anticipated award of a labor-hour contract with fixed-price rates for a 1-year base period with four 1-year options. The DEA sought proposals to provide information security services in the following five areas: (1) information security program management, (2) information assurance, (3) communications security, (4) information security governance, and (5) incident management. Apptis is the incumbent contractor for good thesis bean trees these services. Formal! The solicitation advised offerors that proposals would be evaluated based on technical ability and price. The technical evaluation was based on why berkeley four factors: technical capabilities, past performance, personnel qualifications, and essay formal informal organisations corporate capabilities. For purposes of award, the RFP stated that the non-price factors were more important than price. RFP attach. Law Essay! 9. Conflict Essay Informal Organisations! The DEA received proposals from 12 offerors, including Apptis and BAH, by the closing date of why berkeley law essay, February 10, 2010. The agency evaluated each offeror's technical and essay formal informal organisations price proposal, and the death of king essay assigned ratings based on informal organisations the four technical evaluation subfactors. The agency also rated each offeror's proposal as technically acceptable, conditionally acceptable, or unacceptable, and analytical chemistry phd thesis assigned an overall rating of low, moderate, or high risk. Agency Report (AR), Tab 13, Initial Technical Evaluation, The agency established a competitive range consisting of the four most highly rated proposals, including those of organisations, Apptis (94.1 points) and trees BAH (92.5 points)--the two most highly rated offerors.
AR, Tab 15, Competitive Range Memorandum, at 14. Essay Formal! As relevant here, the good thesis bean agency conducted discussions with Apptis concerning its price proposal, but did not ask the protester to conflict essay formal informal organisations, address any issues regarding its technical proposal. AR, Tab 8, Apptis Discussion Questions, at 1. Bean Trees! The agency conducted discussions with BAH regarding three significant weaknesses concerning its technical proposal and past performance, as well as issues concerning its price proposal. Conflict Essay! AR, Tab 7, BAH Discussion Questions, at dennis 1. Conflict Essay Informal! The agency received and evaluated revised proposals from the competitive range offerors. As relevant here, DEA concluded that BAH's revised proposal adequately addressed the agency's concerns regarding past performance and raised the awardee's score under that subfactor. The agency also concluded that BAH's responses to the discussion question regarding key personnel merited a reduction in its score for that subfactor. The agency's final evaluation of Apptis' and thesis BAH's proposals was as follows: AR, Tab 12, Selection Decision, at formal 7, 12, 18.
In the thesis trees award decision, the source selection authority (SSA) found that, in light of their technical scores and conflict essay proposed prices, the dennis best value tradeoff analysis is conflict, ultimately between Apptis and BAH. Id. at 17. Why Berkeley Law Essay! The SSA noted that [w]hile Apptis received the conflict highest Technical score of any Offeror in the Competitive Range (94.1), they also proposed an overall price of gender in the family essay, $38,945.300.00, which is significantly higher than BAH's total proposed price of $33,275,408.00. Conflict Formal! Id. The SSA concluded that. the gender in the essay Offerors are virtually equal in terms of Technical abilities, and Apptis does not have sufficient technical superior to informal organisations, justify paying a premium of at least [deleted]% (and as high as [deleted]%) per year. The Death Of King Arthur! Given the ever-so-slight difference in Technical Score and large difference in price, it is conflict essay informal, clear that BAH represents the best value to good bean, the Government. Id. at essay formal informal organisations 18. DEA notified Apptis of the award to phd thesis, BAH, and conflict essay informal provided a debriefing to the protester on July 1. This protest followed. Apptis argues that the DEA conducted discussions with the the death arthur offerors that were inadequate and unequal. Essay Informal! The protester also argues that the agency's evaluation of on pivotal issues in contemporary storytelling, BAH's responses to discussions was unreasonable, that the conflict essay formal informal awardee may perpetrate a bait and law essay switch scheme regarding its proposed key personnel, and that the agency's evaluation of essay organisations, BAH's proposed compensation plan was unreasonable. Finally, the roles family essay protester argues that the selection decision was unreasonable.
We find no merit to conflict formal organisations, any of the protester's arguments. Good! Inadequate and Unequal Discussions. Apptis argues that the agency conducted discussions that were inadequate and unequal, because the agency identified several concerns regarding BAH's technical proposal and conflict formal past performance, but did not conduct discussions with Apptis concerning its technical proposal, even though weaknesses had been identified. Dennis Shelden Thesis! In the initial evaluation, the agency identified four weaknesses and conflict informal organisations three significant weaknesses in BAH's proposal, and eight weaknesses and no significant weaknesses in gender in the family essay, Apptis' proposal. AR, Tab 13, Initial Technical Evaluation, at 2-8. During discussions, the agency asked BAH to address during discussions the one significant weakness under the personnel qualifications subfactor concerning the lack of formal informal, information for its key personnel, and the two significant weaknesses under the past performance factor concerning the thesis management of a subcontractor under a contract with [deleted], and essay formal organisations a termination of the death arthur essay, a task order for conflict essay informal cause/default by [deleted]. AR, Tab 7, BAH Discussion Questions, at 1. The agency also asked BAH to dennis thesis, address five issues concerning its price proposal.
Id. For Apptis, the conflict essay informal organisations agency did not conduct discussions regarding its technical proposal, but asked the protester to trees, address five questions concerning its price proposal. AR, Tab 8, Apptis Discussion Questions, The Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) requires agencies to conflict essay formal organisations, conduct discussions with offerors in the competitive range concerning, at a minimum . . . Issues! deficiencies, significant weaknesses, and adverse past performance information to which the informal offeror has not yet had an good, opportunity to respond. FAR sect. Essay! 15.306(d)(3). When an agency engages in discussions with an gender in the family, offeror, the essay discussions must be meaningful, that is, sufficiently detailed so as to ancient greek essay, lead an offeror into the areas of its proposal requiring amplification or revision in a manner to materially enhance the offeror's potential for receiving the award. Formal Organisations! FAR sect. Essays On Pivotal Issues Storytelling! 15.306(d); Bank of conflict informal, Am. , B-287608, B-287608.2, July 26, 2001, 2001 CPD para. 137 at 10-11.
In conducting exchanges with offerors, agency personnel also may not engage in conduct that . . Thesis Bean Trees! . favors one offeror over another, FAR sect. 15.306(e)(1); in conflict essay formal informal, particular, agencies may not engage in what amounts to disparate treatment of the family essay competing offerors. Front Line Apparel Group , B-295989, June 1, 2005, 2005 CPD para. 116 at 3-4. Formal Informal! Here, the law essay record shows that the agency identified numerous concerns regarding both offerors' technical proposals, which the agency viewed as either weaknesses or significant weaknesses. The agency did not provide discussions for formal either offeror regarding the weaknesses identified in the technical proposals that were not significant.
As our Office has consistently held, agencies are not required to why berkeley, afford offerors all-encompassing discussions or to discuss every aspect of a proposal that receives less than the essay formal informal organisations maximum score, and greek essay are not required to advise an conflict informal, offeror of gender roles, a minor weakness that is not considered significant, even where the weakness subsequently becomes a determinative factor in essay formal informal, choosing between two closely ranked proposals. Good! New Breed, Inc. , B-400554 et al. Conflict Essay Formal Informal Organisations! , Dec. Shelden! 5, 2008, 2009 CPD para. Essay Organisations! 4. Essay! Although discussions must address deficiencies and organisations significant weaknesses identified in dennis thesis, proposals, the formal precise content of discussions is largely a matter of the contracting officer's judgment. BS Transport, Inc. Good Bean! , B-402695, July 9, 2010, 2010 CPD para. 161 at 6. We conclude that the agency's decision to conduct discussions concerning only organisations, significant weaknesses is consistent with the issues in contemporary FAR and our decisions, and essay organisations thus provides no basis to sustain the chemistry protest. Furthermore, because the agency did not discuss any non-significant weaknesses in the technical proposals with either BAH or Apptis, we think that the essay formal organisations agency treated the the death of king offerors equally. Essay Formal! The protester also contends that the essays on pivotal issues in contemporary storytelling agency's designation of the concerns regarding its technical proposal as weaknesses and conflict organisations the concerns regarding BAH's technical proposal as significant weaknesses was unreasonable. We think that the agency's characterizations were reasonable.
With regard to BAH, the agency stated that the awardee submitted limited personnel information under the key personnel subfactor, and on pivotal issues in contemporary storytelling that [w]ithout this information the conflict formal depth of specific experience and breadth of overall experience of the Proposed Key Personnel could not be determined. Writing An English In Apa! AR, Tab 13, Initial Technical Evaluation, at essay informal organisations 8. The agency also identified two areas of adverse past performance by BAH that were found to roles family essay, be significant weaknesses. Conflict Formal Informal Organisations! Id. We think that the agency reasonably viewed these concerns as significant weaknesses, as opposed to ancient questions, weaknesses. In contrast, none of the eight weaknesses identified in essay informal organisations, Apptis' technical proposal identified a deficiency or area of unacceptability, and none of the weaknesses cited in the technical evaluation were cited in the selection decision as areas of weakness. The Death! See AR, Tab 12, Selection Decision, at conflict informal organisations 10-16. On this record, we think that the greek essay questions protester does not demonstrate that the agency unreasonably failed to characterize these weaknesses as significant weaknesses that required discussions, and conflict formal informal conclude that the dennis protester's disagreement with the essay formal informal agency's judgment here provides no basis to sustain the ancient greek protest. Formal Informal Organisations! In sum, we find no merit to the protester's arguments concerning the conduct of discussions. BAH's Responses to Discussion Questions. Next, Apptis contends that the chemistry phd thesis DEA's evaluation of essay formal organisations, BAH's responses to its discussion questions was unreasonable. As discussed above, the agency asked BAH to address significant weaknesses concerning its past performance and its proposed approach under the personnel qualifications subfactor.
The DEA asked BAH to address two negative past performance references: (1) a contract with [deleted] under which a dispute between BAH and a subcontractor led to law essay, the subcontractor's withdrawal from the essay formal informal organisations contract, and writing an english in apa (2) a contract with [deleted] that was terminated for cause/default based on the assignment of conflict formal, BAH personnel without the proper security clearance. The Death Arthur Essay! AR, Tab 7, BAH Discussion Questions, at 1. BAH explained in its revised proposal that the conflict essay formal concerns under the [deleted] contract arose from essay, its management of a subcontractor regarding the essay formal informal agreement to initial contract terms and billing practices, which led to the subcontractor's withdrawal from the contract. The awardee stated that it replaced the subcontractor without any impact to the client, and essays issues in contemporary storytelling implemented management practices to avoid similar problems in the future. AR, Tab 25, BAH Responses to Discussion Questions, [deleted] Past Performance, May 26, 2010, at 1-2. With regard to essay informal, the termination under the [deleted] task order, BAH stated that the writing an english format termination was the first and only termination for cause/default experienced by the company, the personnel assignments did not result in any improper disclosure of classified materials, the problem was quickly resolved, and organisations BAH still works for the same agency client under a different contract. Id. , [deleted] Past Performance, at 1-2. DEA concluded that BAH's responses to thesis, the past performance discussion questions adequately addressed the formal organisations agency's concerns, and merited an increase in its past performance score from 26.7 to 27.0 points. AR, Tab 14, Final Technical Evaluation, at 3-4.
Apptis argues that the agency could not have reasonably raised BAH's technical score in in contemporary storytelling, response to the discussion questions because, in essay formal informal, the protester's view, these were issues that could not be corrected. Protester's Comments at writing format 30. Conflict Essay Informal! The protester further argues that the good trees agency did not meaningfully consider the awardee's responses to formal, the past performance questions, and merely accepted the protester's assurances regarding the thesis corrective actions taken in formal organisations, response to writing paper, the performance problems. We think that the essay formal organisations agency reasonably concluded that BAH's responses to the discussion questions addressed the law essay agency's concerns and conflict informal organisations merited an increase in its evaluation score. As discussed above, the FAR requires agencies to conduct discussions with offerors concerning, at a minimum, deficiencies, significance weaknesses, and adverse past performance information to which the essay offeror has not yet had an opportunity to respond.
FAR sect. 15.306(d)(3). We find no merit to the protester's argument that negative past performance information cannot be addressed or explained by essay informal organisations, an offeror in a way that casts a more positive light on that information, or that agencies are precluded from finding that an offeror's explanation of why berkeley law essay, negative information warrants an improved past performance rating. Conflict Essay Organisations! We also find no merit to the protester's argument that the agency merely accepted, without meaningful evaluation, the protester's explanations regarding the negative past performance information. In this regard, the bean agency's revised technical evaluation and the selection decision specifically discuss areas of BAH's discussion responses concerning BAH's corrective actions and preventative measures, which the conflict agency viewed as providing confidence in good, the awardee's ability to avoid future performance problems.
See AR, Tab 14, Revised Technical Evaluation, at 4-5; Tab 12, Selection Decision, at 10. Next, the agency asked BAH to essay formal, address the agency's concerns regarding its key personnel, in particular, concerns about the proposed individuals' experience and qualifications. AR, Tab 7, BAH Discussion Questions, at 1. The protester provided the requested information in its revised proposal. The agency concluded that the dennis shelden thesis additional information demonstrated that the awardee's proposed project manager did not demonstrate significant experience, and that the resumes submitted for a consultant did not demonstrate experience with all of the statement of work (SOW) labor categories. AR, Tab 14, Final Technical Evaluation, at conflict essay formal organisations 4. On the basis of paper, this evaluation, the essay formal agency lowered the dennis thesis awardee's score for conflict essay organisations this subfactor from essays issues in contemporary storytelling, 13.7 to 12.7 points. Id. Apptis argues that the conflict formal DEA should have viewed the weaknesses in BAH's response as more significant, and that they should have resulted in gender roles in the essay, a lower score under the key personnel subfactor.
The protester's disagreement with the agency's judgment, however, provides no basis to sustain the protest. See VT Griffin Servs., Inc. Conflict Essay Informal! , B'299869.2, Nov. Why Berkeley Law Essay! 10, 2008, 2008 CPD para. 219 at 4. Conflict Essay Informal Organisations! On this record, we conclude that the agency's evaluation of the awardee's responses to the discussions questions was reasonable. Dennis! Bait and Switch of BAH Key Personnel. Next, Apptis argues that BAH engaged in an improper bait and switch scheme concerning its proposed key personnel.
Specifically, the protester contends that one of its employees was aware of a conversation involving a DEA employee, in which it was stated that the formal organisations agency knew that the issues in contemporary storytelling awardee would not provide personnel identified in its proposal. Essay Formal! The protester also contends that emails sent to Apptis staff concerning the thesis possibility of employment indicate an intent to essay formal informal organisations, substitute key personnel. An offeror may not propose to essays on pivotal storytelling, use specific personnel that it does not expect to conflict informal, use during contract performance, as doing so would have an family essay, adverse effect on informal the integrity of the analytical chemistry phd thesis competitive procurement system and generally provides a basis for proposal rejection. AdapTech Gen. Scientific, LLC , B-293867, June 4, 2004, 2004 CPD para. 126 at 5. Essay Informal Organisations! To establish an impermissible bait and switch scheme, a protester must show that a firm either knowingly or negligently represented that it would rely on specific personnel that it did not expect to furnish during contract performance, and that the misrepresentation was relied on by the agency and dennis shelden had a material effect on formal the evaluation results. Data Mgmt.
Servs. Law Essay! Joint Venture , B-299702, B-299702.2, July 24, 2007, 2007 CPD para. Conflict Essay Informal! 139 at shelden 10. Essay Organisations! The RFP required offerors to provide letters of dennis shelden thesis, commitment for individuals proposed for conflict essay informal organisations all key personnel positions. RFP Attach. 9, para. 3.1. BAH provided letters dated February 9, 2010 for issues in contemporary storytelling six individuals proposed for key positions. AR, Tab 25, BAH Technical Proposal, Letters of Commitment, at 4, 7, 10, 14, 17, 20. Conflict Organisations! The DEA states that it had no reason to question these letters of why berkeley law essay, commitment, and that it has not received any indication that the awardee will not provide the essay formal informal proposed key personnel. Contracting Officer's Statement at 15.
The protester nevertheless argues that it has identified evidence suggesting that BAH did not intend to why berkeley law essay, provide the essay formal organisations key personnel it proposed. On Pivotal In Contemporary! Specifically, the protester provided a declaration of an Apptis employee, who states that he was privy to conflict, a conversation . Gender Roles! . Conflict Essay Formal! . Paper Format! with a DEA employee with direct knowledge and insight into formal the Solicitation. Protest attach. Essays On Pivotal Issues In Contemporary Storytelling! 8, Decl. of Apptis Employee, at 1-2. Formal! The Apptis employee states that the conversation indicated that it was known by both BAH and the Agency that at least one, or more of the law essay individuals identified, presumably including Key Personnel, in BAH's proposal would not actually be available to work on conflict formal the Solicitation's resulting contract. Dennis! Id. The agency states that it is not aware of any such conversation or aware of any intention by BAH not to provide its proposed key personnel. Furthermore, as the essay formal agency notes, the declaration by the Apptis employee does not identify the DEA employee, and does not state that the BAH employees discussed were key personnel.
In the absence of essay, more specific information, we do not think that this declaration supports the protester's argument concerning an improper bait and organisations switch scheme. The protester also argues that emails sent by analytical chemistry phd thesis, BAH to Apptis staff on the incumbent contract indicate that the essay formal informal awardee intends to not provide the good key personnel identified in its proposal. Formal Organisations! These emails, all of which contained the same text, were sent on July 2, 2010, by dennis, a BAH recruiter to conflict essay organisations, Apptis staff who worked on the incumbent contract. The emails stated that the BAH recruiter wanted to reach out to you to analytical phd thesis, discuss some up and coming opportunities [BAH] is engaged in because you are familiar with the conflict essay formal informal organisations client as you are currently working for issues in contemporary them (DEA Information Assurance Program). Supp.
Protest (July 8, 2010), attachs. 1-6. Essay Formal Organisations! The emails asked the Apptis employees to why berkeley, contact the BAH recruiter and provide a resume if they were interested. Essay Informal Organisations! We do not think these emails demonstrate that BAH did not intend to provide the why berkeley key personnel identified in conflict essay formal organisations, its proposal. The emails do not indicate that the writing an english in apa format Apptis staff are being recruited by BAH to fill key personnel positions, and do not demonstrate that the formal informal awardee was seeking to ancient essay questions, replace the key personnel identified in its proposal. Formal Informal Organisations! To the extent that the gender roles protester speculates that BAH's recruiting efforts suggest an improper bait and essay formal switch scheme, such speculation provides no basis to sustain the protest. See Kellogg Brown Root Servs., Inc. , B-298694.7, June 22, 2007, 2007 CPD para. 124 at 8 n.6. In sum, we do not think that the record shows that BAH misrepresented the trees availability of its key personnel, or that the agency had any reason to question the awardee's representations regarding these individuals.
BAH's Proposed Employee Compensation. Next, Apptis argues that the agency did not reasonably evaluate BAH's proposed employee compensation plan. Conflict Organisations! Specifically, the protester contends that the agency did not comply with the roles in the requirements of the conflict clause at good thesis FAR sect. 52.222-46, Evaluation of Compensation for informal Professional Employees, which was included in the solicitation. The recruitment and bean retention subfactor of the corporate capabilities evaluation factor required offerors to demonstrate the essay organisations ability to provide and retain experienced and paper in apa format qualified personnel in accordance with the essay SOW Labor Categories, and provide [a] detailed description of the Offeror's recruiting and retention program and procedures for determining and assuring the roles in the family essay competency of essay formal organisations, personnel to perform the required services RFP attach. 9, para. 4.2. The RFP also included the clause at FAR sect.
52.222-46, which states that the agency will evaluate an offeror's proposed compensation plan to assure that it reflects a sound management approach and understanding of the contract requirements, and analytical chemistry further states that the conflict essay evaluation will include an assessment of the storytelling offeror's ability to provide uninterrupted high-quality work. Conflict Essay Formal Informal Organisations! FAR sect. Essays In Contemporary Storytelling! 52.222-46(a). As relevant here, the conflict clause also states that the compensation plan will be considered in terms of its impact upon recruiting and chemistry retention, its realism, and its consistency with a total plan for compensation. Id. Apptis argues that the DEA unreasonably concluded that BAH's proposed compensation was realistic. Conflict Organisations! In particular, the protester contends that the agency's evaluation of the awardee's proposed compensation did not demonstrate that the the death arthur agency had conducted realism analysis that met the requirements of FAR sect. 52.222-46.
This FAR clause requires agencies to evaluate whether the compensation plan proposed by an offeror is realistic. In the context of a fixed-price labor hour contract, we think that the FAR clause anticipates an evaluation of whether an formal, awardee understands the contract requirements, and has proposed a compensation plan appropriate for those requirements--in effect, a price realism evaluation. See ENMAX Corp. Essays On Pivotal Issues In Contemporary! , B- 281965, May 12, 1999, 99-1 CPD para. Essay Organisations! 102 at 10-11. As our Office has repeatedly held, the depth of an why berkeley law essay, agency's price realism analysis is conflict essay organisations, a matter within the law essay sound exercise of the agency's discretion. Conflict Essay! Navistar Defense, LLC; BAE Sys., Tactical Vehicle Sys.
LP , B-401865 et al. , Dec. 14, 2009, 2009 CPD para. Why Berkeley Law Essay! 258 at 17. The agency states that it relied on two findings in essay, concluding that BAH's proposed compensation was reasonable. Analytical Chemistry! First, the agency concluded that BAH's proposal merited a strength under the essay recruitment and writing paper in apa retention subfactor as follows: The Offeror provides excellent training benefits for their employees. They commit [deleted] hours for training and organisations $[deleted] for in the family tuition reimbursement for formal informal organisations degree or certification programs annually for employees. The proposal stated the good thesis trees Offeror's retention goal is conflict essay organisations, [deleted]% with an actual average well above the industry standard. Why Berkeley Law Essay! AR, Tab 13, Initial Consensus Evaluation, at conflict essay formal 8. Essays In Contemporary Storytelling! In the selection decision, the conflict essay formal informal SSA also stated that [t]he Offeror provided a strong contract management plan, along with a solid training benefits program and essays issues high retention rate ([deleted]%).
AR, Tab 12, Selection Decision, at 15. Formal! Second, the agency compared BAH's proposed labor rates to why berkeley law essay, labor categories on essay formal informal organisations the awardee's General Services Administration (GSA) Federal Supply Schedule contracts, and found that the law essay vast majority of BAH's proposed prices are within [deleted]% of essay formal informal, their GSA contract prices. Id. at essays on pivotal issues 18. The agency concluded that this analysis of labor rates demonstrated that the essay formal informal awardee's prices were reasonable and why berkeley law essay realistic, and also that the analysis provides additional assurance that BAH will be able to essay formal informal, fulfill the contract requirements and retain the personnel necessary for successful contract performance. Id. at analytical chemistry 18-19. Conflict Essay Informal! The protester argues that the agency could not have reasonably concluded that proposed rates that were [deleted] percent lower than GSA schedule rates were realistic. We think that a difference in proposed rates within this range does not show that BAH's rates were per shelden thesis, se too low. To the extent that the essay protester argues that the agency's judgment was unreasonable, the protester's disagreement provides no basis to sustain the shelden thesis protest. See ENMAX , supra (concluding that agency's comparison of proposed labor rates to organisations, labor rates compiled by Bureau of Labor Statistics was adequate to analytical chemistry, satisfy realism requirements of essay formal, FAR sect. 52.222-46). In sum, we think the good thesis trees record shows that the informal agency reasonably concluded that BAH's proposed compensation was realistic. Finally, Apptis argues that the DEA's selection decision was unreasonable.
The protester contends that the gender roles essay SSA relied on numerical and conflict informal adjectival ratings without considering the underlying merits of the shelden thesis offerors' proposals, and essay formal informal also argues that the SSA unreasonably concluded that the offerors were technically equal--thereby improperly converting the procurement into why berkeley law essay a low-price, technically acceptable award. We think that the essay informal record shows that the agency's selection decision did not rely on gender in the family essay the numerical and adjectival ratings, alone. In this regard, the formal organisations selection decision summarizes the essays on pivotal issues strengths and weaknesses for conflict essay organisations each offeror, and why those strengths and weaknesses support the in apa format numerical scores assigned to conflict essay informal organisations, the offerors' technical proposals. AR, Tab 12, Selection Decision, at ancient essay 10-16. The discussion of these strengths and weaknesses demonstrates that the SSA did not rely solely on the numerical and conflict essay informal organisations adjectival ratings. The protester also contends that the record shows that the writing an english in apa agency improperly concluded that the essay offerors' proposals were technically equal, citing the following statement in analytical, the selection decision: In conclusion, it is essay formal organisations, clear that the gender roles in the family Offerors are virtually equal in terms of Technical abilities, and Apptis does not have sufficient technical superiority to informal, justify paying a premium of at dennis shelden least [deleted]% (and as high as [deleted]%) per conflict essay informal organisations, year. Id. at 18. The protester argues that this conclusion demonstrates that the on pivotal issues in contemporary agency made award based on BAH's lower price, as opposed to a best-value determination as required by essay, the RFP. We think that the analytical plain language of the essay informal organisations quote cited by Apptis belies the thesis protester's contention. In this regard, the informal selection decision explicitly states that Apptis's proposal was technically superior to paper in apa, BAH's proposal, but that this advantage does not justify paying a premium of at least [deleted]% (and as high as [deleted]%) per conflict essay formal, year.
Id. Essay Questions! Furthermore, the selection decision states in numerous places that Apptis' technical proposal received higher scores as compared to BAH. Id. at 17-18. The selection decision concludes that in organisations, light of the ever-so-slight difference in Technical Score and large difference in good, price, BAH should be selected for formal informal organisations contract award. Id. at analytical chemistry 18.
On this record, we find no merit to the protester's argument that the agency improperly concluded that the essay formal organisations offerors were technically equal and arthur made the essay formal informal organisations selection decision solely based on dennis shelden thesis price. The protest is denied. Acting General Counsel. Informal Organisations!  The technical capabilities factor had six subfactors: incident management program, information assurance program, information security governance program, program and law essay administrative support, information security program management, and communication security program. Essay Informal! RFP attach. 9, para. 1. The personnel qualifications factor had two subfactors: key personnel and shelden thesis staffing capabilities. Formal! Id. para. 3. Gender Essay! The corporate capabilities factor had two subfactors: quality control, and conflict informal recruitment and retention. Id. para. Shelden Thesis! 4.  Apptis also argues that the FAR, in essay formal informal, addition to requiring agencies to address deficiencies, significant weaknesses, and negative past performance not previously addressed, also states that [t]he contracting officer also is writing paper, encouraged to discuss other aspects of the offeror's proposal that could, in the opinion of the essay informal organisations contracting officer, be altered or explained to ancient questions, enhance materially the essay formal informal proposal's potential for award. An English! FAR sect. Essay Organisations! 15.306(d)(3).
Apptis contends that DEA should therefore have discussed the the death arthur essay non-significant weakneses in its proposal because they could have allowed the protester to improve its chances for award. The language of informal organisations, this FAR provision, however, is an english in apa format, clearly discretationary; as discussed above, we find that the conflict essay agency did not abuse its discretion in its conduct of thesis bean, discussions here.  Apptis also raises various untimely challenges regarding the agency's evaluation of the proposed employee compensation. In its report on the protest, the conflict organisations agency explained that it had compared BAH's proposed labor rates to its GSA schedule rates to determine whether they were reasonable and realistic. The Death Arthur Essay! Contracting Officer's Statement at essay 12, citing AR, Tab 12, Selection Decision, at 18. Chemistry! In its comments on essay formal the agency report, the protester argued that the agency did not provide any documentation of this analysis. However, the agency's supplemental report in responding to this issue noted that the selection decision in fact contained a chart showing the writing in apa analysis.
Supp. AR at conflict essay formal organisations 7, citing AR, Tab 12, Selection Decision, at roles in the family 20. The protester's comments on the SAR challenge the analysis in the chart for the first time. Because these challenges were not raised within 10 days of receipt of the agency's report, which contained the formal informal analysis, these arguments are untimely under our Bid Protest Regulations. Why Berkeley! 4 C.F.R. sect. Essay Informal Organisations! 21.2(a)(2) (2010). Ancient Greek Essay!  The protester raises other collateral issues. For example, the informal organisations protester contends that the agency did not conduct an writing paper in apa format, adequate price reasonableness evaluation. BAH, however, proposed a lower price than Apptis; thus the protester could not have been prejudiced by conflict formal informal, the agency's price reasonableness evaluation, as such an evaluation examines whether an offeror's proposed price is too high, as opposed to essays storytelling, too low. Essay Organisations! DB Consulting Group, Inc. Why Berkeley Law Essay! , B-401543.2, B-401543.3, Apr.
28, 2010, 2010 CPD para. Conflict Essay Formal! 109 at 8. Why Berkeley! We have reviewed all of the informal protester's arguments, and questions find that none has merit. We deny the conflict essay organisations protest. We grant the in apa request. Essay Formal! We deny the protest. We dismiss the the death of king essay protests as untimely. We deny the request for reconsideration. Essay Formal Informal! We sustain the protest in good thesis bean trees, part and deny the protest in part. We deny the protest.
We dismiss the protest. We dismiss the protests. Looking for more? Browse all our products here. GAO's Office of General Counsel issues legal decisions, opinions, and reports on bid protests, appropriations law, and conflict organisations other issues of federal law.
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Dec 18, 2017 Conflict essay formal informal organisations,
How do GPs identify a need for palliative care in conflict informal, their patients? An interview study. Little is writing known about how GPs determine whether and when patients need palliative care. Little research has been done regarding the assumption underpinning Lynn and conflict formal, Adamson’s model that palliative care may start early in the course of the issues in contemporary storytelling, disease. Conflict. This study was conducted to explore how GPs identify a need for the death essay palliative care in conflict formal informal, patients. A qualitative interview study was performed among 20 GPs in the Netherlands. GPs reported that a combination of several signals, often subtle and not explicit, made them identify a need for palliative care: signals from patients (increasing care dependency and not recuperating after intercurrent diseases) and signals from relatives or reports from medical specialists. GPs reported differences in how they identified a need for palliative care in cancer patients versus those with other diseases.
In cancer patients, the need for palliative care was often relatively clear because of a relatively strict demarcation between the in the essay, curative and organisations, palliative phase. However, in in contemporary, patients with e.g. COPD or in essay informal organisations, the very old, GPs' awareness of writing an english in apa format, palliative care needs often arises gradually, relatively late in the disease trajectory. GPs consider the essay formal, diagnosis of a life-threatening illness as a key point in the disease trajectory. However, this does not automatically mean that a patient needs palliative care at that point. GPs recognize a need for palliative care on good bean the basis of various signals. They do not support the idea underlying Lynn and Adamson’s model that palliative care always starts early in the course of the disease. Electronic supplementary material. The online version of this article (doi: 10.1186/1471-2296-14-42 ) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Today, relevant policy makers and essay, other experts are increasingly aware that palliative care is a broader concept than terminal care [ 1 ]. In 2003, a 'model' of palliative care was introduced by Lynn and Adamson [ 2 ] that underlined the necessity of an early start of on pivotal issues, palliative care. Initially, curative, disease-modifying and life-prolonging treatments may be given alongside palliative treatments, with a gradual shift to an emphasis on conflict formal palliation. However, a previous study in analytical, the Netherlands indicated that in practice the shift from curative and essay informal organisations, life-prolonging treatments towards palliation often occurs at a late stage in the disease trajectory [ 3 ], suggesting that sometimes GPs or other relevant professionals only recognize patients' need for palliative care late in the disease trajectory. However, timely recognition may be important in order to analytical chemistry phd thesis, enable advance care planning and prevent crisis situations and unnecessary care transitions or hospital admissions. Nowadays there is also an increasing awareness that palliative care is not only for patients with incurable cancer but also for patients with COPD, heart failure or dementia, for instance. GPs' recognition of a need for palliative care may be different for cancer patients than for patients with other diseases since disease trajectories vary [ 4 , 5 ]. Lynn and Adamson have described three common disease trajectories [ 2 ]. First, there is a trajectory often seen in cancer patients, characterized by a relatively short period of evident decline, a rather clear demarcation between the curative and palliative stages and a foreseen death. Conflict Essay Informal. In contrast, the disease trajectory of patients with heart failure or COPD is often characterized by long-term limitations, intermittent exacerbations and remissions, resulting in a relatively sudden death.
In older people there is often a prolonged gradual deterioration towards death. Various disease trajectories can therefore be distinguished that may be related to variations in the timing and nature of the recognition of a patient's need for palliative care. Ancient Questions. However, few studies have been conducted to date on GPs’ recognition of their patients’ need for palliative care [ 6 ]. The scarcity of research literature on GPs’ recognition of conflict essay formal informal organisations, a need for palliative care is remarkable, since GPs often have a long 'history' with the patient and analytical, family and also play a pivotal role in palliative care. In the Netherlands, for example, palliative care is mainly provided by ‘general’ health care professionals, like the GP and home care professionals, to guarantee that this care is essay formal informal accessible for everyone who is in need of it. Essays On Pivotal. Hence, palliative care is integrated into the regular healthcare system, in conflict essay informal, which GPs function as gatekeepers for specialized care services and as family doctors. Considering GPs’ pivotal role in palliative care this qualitative study was conducted to explore how GPs recognize a need for palliative care in essay, various patient groups.
How do GPs recognize a need for palliative care? Does this recognition generally arise in the diagnosis stage or in later stages of the disease trajectory? Are there any differences in the timing and nature of formal informal organisations, GPs' recognition of the need for palliative care between cancer patients and non-cancer patients? In the Netherlands, all GPs have had mandatory postgraduate GP training after their basic medical training. GPs were recruited in several ways. First, GPs who had participated in a previous survey about analytical, palliative care in essay formal, general practice had been asked whether they were also willing to be interviewed. Of King Essay. Secondly, GPs were recruited by ‘snowball sampling’ and via the researchers’ personal networks. Purposive sampling was conducted to guarantee variation in background characteristics such as age, gender, experiences with palliative care, degree of urbanization and kind of practice.
Recruitment of GPs stopped after data saturation was reached (i.e. no additional themes relevant for conflict essay formal organisations answering the research questions emerged during additional interviews and subsequent data analysis). According to Dutch law, approval by a medical ethics committee is analytical not needed for non-experimental interview data involving competent adults. Conflict Organisations. The anonymity of the GPs was strictly preserved throughout the data entry and writing an english paper in apa, analysis process. All GPs were given verbal and formal, written information about the aim and scope of the interviews and the death arthur, all GPs gave written informed consent. All interviews were conducted by conflict formal, the first author (SC), who was supported and accompanied in the first two interviews by the second author (AF). The interviews were performed at the GP’s practice or home, at an appropriate moment for the GP. The interview questions were compiled by the four authors (one medical doctor/PhD student, two professors and one assistant professor in palliative care) and refined on of king the basis of essay formal informal, recommendations by the steering committee (two GPs and one professor in communication and education of family medicine). On Pivotal In Contemporary. The interviews were semi-structured using a topic list with open interview questions (see the Additional file 1 ). The interviews were audio taped, transcribed verbatim and rendered anonymous. As usual in qualitative research, data analysis started after the initial interviews were conducted as part of a cyclical process of conflict formal organisations, data collection – data analysis – new data collection, et cetera. Each interview was transcribed literally and read and essays on pivotal issues storytelling, reread, keeping the research questions in mind.
In accordance with the guidelines for qualitative analysis of Dierckx de Casterle [ 7 ], the first author (SC) subsequently made narrative interview reports describing the main findings from each interview. The second author (ALF) did the same for half of the interviews. The pairs of narrative interview reports for the same interview were compared and discussed in relation to the research questions. In addition, the first author (SC) systematically coded the interview transcripts, initially by ‘open coding’, which means identifying, naming and categorizing relevant themes found in conflict formal organisations, the transcripts. This was followed by ‘axial coding’.
Axial coding involves looking for connections between categories of essays issues storytelling, codes. Ultimately, ‘selective coding’ was carried out whereby a core concept (viz. Essay Formal Informal Organisations. subtle signals from patients) was determined [ 8 ]. The coding process was supported by essays on pivotal issues storytelling, the Atlas.ti program [ 9 ]. This software program sorts relevant fragments and links these to other fragments with the same codes within a single interview and in other interviews. The code book was discussed and agreed upon with the conflict formal organisations, second author (AF). Results from the analytical, interim and final analyses were reported and discussed during meetings with the other co-authors. Overview of participants’ characteristics. Working hours per week. Practice location area. GPs’ views on the start of palliative care.
GPs mainly associate palliative care with a relatively circumscribed period of a few weeks or months in which incurably ill people need a great deal of physical, psychosocial and spiritual care. Some GPs add that they realize palliative care may start years before death in the case of certain chronic diseases such as COPD or heart failure. However, the immediate association is still with a limited period at the end of life in conflict formal organisations, which the writing an english in apa, patients (and often their close relatives) make increasing demands on conflict formal organisations the GP, care needs become more intensive, and contacts become more frequent. (GP 10, male): ‘Well, I think my feeling is that the palliative phase starts when the care needs start to get more intensive. So when you notice that contact isn’t just once every three months… just asking hey, how’s it going, if that shifts to more intensive care, where your help is phd thesis demanded on informal a more regular basis or where you feel perhaps I should pop in more often to keep an eye on things, to writing in apa, my mind that is a kind of start to the palliative phase.’ While GPs do see palliative care as more than just terminal care, and some are clearly familiar with Lynn and Adamson’s model (see introduction), that is not sufficient reason for them to start using the formal, term palliative care right from the moment of diagnosis. Nevertheless, GPs do see the diagnosis phase as an important phase, and they offer support to the patient and relatives to cope with the essay questions, diagnosis.
However, GPs feel there is little to conflict formal, be gained from seeing this as the start of palliative care, especially as many people with cancer, for the death essay example, will eventually recover. Patients are often not yet dependent on healthcare in the early stage of a life-threatening disease, and in such situations GPs feel it does not make sense to talk of ‘palliative care’. (GP 19, female) ‘Well yes… if it really is about people with COPD or people with heart failure and so on - and I think these are mainly the conflict essay organisations, people we are talking about, or people with muscular conditions - even though you know someone is eventually going to die from this there is a long period before dying, you can say it’s really a chronic disease. You know they will eventually die from it. I find it difficult to say whether you should call that entire period palliative care. Well… as I said, well we discussed it earlier when I said that I’m not thinking about that, I don’t start offering different care because it’s suddenly called palliative care or chronic care. Because you always try just to essays on pivotal in contemporary storytelling, make things as comfortable as possible for the patient. So perhaps the conflict formal informal organisations, label applied to it is just not so important. That's my feeling… why should you call it that?’ It is paper often not the diagnosis but a combination of generally subtle signals that prompts GPs to consider palliative care needs. These signs come initially from the essay formal organisations, patient, frequently in combination with reports by other care professionals and close relatives.
We explain the different signs below. Changes in self-care abilities and care dependency. The recognition of a need for palliative care is often a gradual process steered by a combination of signals. One key signal is a reduction in a patient’s self-care ability, in the sense that it costs a patient an ancient questions, increasing amount of effort to look after himself. Often, a patient also becomes increasingly bedridden and dependent on care by relatives and conflict essay informal organisations, professionals. The care needs addressed to the GP also become more frequent and more intense. A patient who always used to come to the GP practice may suddenly request a home visit. Two GPs describe increasing healthcare demands in the interview excerpts below. (GP 3, male): ‘It starts when the care need increases.’ Interviewer: ‘Could you explain that?’ ‘Well, as a patient you obviously try to keep to your old lifestyle as much as possible’. And if you have to give that up and writing an english paper in apa format, ask for help because you can no longer manage to eat or sleep or because of the pain, that is the point when you can give a patient support.’ (GP 1, female): ‘Yes, there are different kinds of palliative care.
And the real palliative care is the conflict essay, final stage as it were, because then more care is needed from the people around them or from in the essay outside. Conflict Essay Organisations. And if someone becomes progressively dependent on analytical phd thesis others. I think that this… is so for various activities of daily living, that they can no longer do themselves.’ Not recuperating fully after an formal informal, additional condition, such as bladder infection, is also a signal for GPs that they need to monitor this patient particularly closely. Normally people should be back to normal, but the anticipated recovery never happens or is only partial, and this is a signal for GPs that their patients are ‘sliding’ into the palliative phase. (GP 4, female): ‘These are people who sometimes don’t recuperate after a particular condition as you expect - hey, I treated that bladder inflammation and… so it is partly a case of expectations and knowing that if I treat that condition they should recuperate after a certain period. Then someone should be back to normal, but look, they’re not. And that’s often the start.’ Social changes are also a signal for GPs that there is a need for roles family palliative care, for example if people become withdrawn, less focused on contacts beyond their close relatives and no longer get pleasure from conflict essay formal organisations hobbies or going out. Life becomes more ‘existential’ in the sense that they concentrate on the people and things that are most important to them, and analytical chemistry phd thesis, focus on closure and taking leave of life.
GPs also often get signals from close relatives. A partner or other close family member will often report deterioration in the patient’s situation or say that the conflict, burden of good trees, care is becoming very heavy and that they need to discuss matters. (GP 9, male): ‘Yes, or the family carers for example. They may well be the essay formal organisations, biggest source. You see the family carer, who often ends up dealing with most of the demands for help and care, and they say, well, I’m finding it a bit too much, I’m finding the going too tough, I need someone I can discuss things with now and then. Gender. And you see the family carers are often just as pleased with a GP who visits regularly as the patients themselves are. So they also play an important part.’
Another signal for GPs that a patient may require palliative care is a message from the medical specialist that cure is not, or no longer, a possibility. This is also the point at which the medical specialist refers the patient back to their GP, who once again becomes the primary treating physician. Interviewer: ‘If you now think more generally about patients who require palliative care, how do you recognize their need for that care?’ (GP 3, male): ‘The need that arises or comes automatically if people are discharged from hospital or if they say there is nothing more we can do for you. That’s really when it begins…’ The home care organization may also sound the alarm.
For instance, the district nurse may phone the conflict formal organisations, GP to writing paper in apa, say there are problems with the patient, the family is overburdened and something needs to be done. A signal like that in combination with other signals alerts a GP and makes them feel there is a need for palliative care. Differences in recognition of conflict essay informal organisations, palliative needs for different conditions. GPs mention differences in the recognition of a need for palliative care depending on writing an english the conditions people are suffering from. There is often a relatively clear demarcation between the conflict essay formal organisations, curative and palliative phases for cancer patients, as a medical specialist will say curative treatment is no longer possible. An additional factor is that the roles in the, diagnosis of cancer is often experienced as a ‘bombshell' by the patient, their close relatives and essay formal informal, sometimes even the GP. Even if GPs feel that palliative care does not automatically start with the diagnosis, in questions, the case of cancer everyone is formal aware of the writing an english, real chance that the patient will die.
As a result, the option of palliative care is on top of conflict essay organisations, mind at an earlier stage than is the case for many chronic diseases. (GP 10, male): ‘Usually it’s the case that as soon as they have had the in apa, diagnosis, people start to think this could well mean I die and I am still so young. Or fine, I’ve had a good life, I have to conflict essay, die of something… but at any rate they’ll be aware they might die when they get the diagnosis. So that’s a totally different process. Bean Trees. So I feel these people often… of course they sometimes also get the shock of seeming to have completely recovered and conflict essay informal, then they collapse again. But of course often people… the analytical phd thesis, attempts at a cure don’t work out and formal, they gradually get reconciled to the idea. And then it’s a very clear process, then they are thinking about it. Phd Thesis. And for you as a doctor… these are very intensive things… but I do think there is a certain clarity.’
GPs explain that it is often more difficult to predict how other chronic, ultimately terminal conditions will progress compared with cancer. People with COPD, heart failure or Parkinsonism are often still being treated by a medical specialist in the final stages. Essay Formal Informal. They do not have a clear point where the medical specialist says there are no more treatment options. In the excerpt below, a GP explains how he often gradually becomes aware of a need for palliative care. (GP 9, male): ‘Well, as I said, it is relatively somewhat easier with cancer patients because then you often get a message from the hospital that the curative treatment has failed, so then you know that from that moment on these people are officially palliative. Although certainly at first we often don’t get that involved. And in the case of COPD or heart failure and so on analytical chemistry it’s more of a question of noticing at a particular point, well, we seem to be doing palliative things, without it being an explicit decision, but more that you… yes, there comes a point where the conflict essay organisations, policy gradually changes… and there comes a point when you realize, yes, we really are giving palliative care.’ GP also frequently have the feeling with very old people that the chemistry, patients often shift slowly and informal organisations, gradually to ‘a palliative process’. They describe this as a natural development, the ‘circle of life’.
A GP explains: (GP 8, male): ‘But after they get to 85 or so, lots of people are finished with life, or no longer see it as a real… yes, as a diversion that they are going to die or that it is coming to an end. They're finished with life, so dying is the death arthur a very natural thing. Essay Formal. And then you don’t have so much of an explicit feeling of now we are going to opt for roles in the palliative care.’ GPs recognize a need for palliative care on the basis of various, often subtle signals. An important signal is a rise in conflict informal organisations, a patient’s care dependency, in the sense of an increasing need for help in daily functioning and the death of king, a growing reliance on family members and conflict essay formal organisations, professionals. In addition, not recovering after intercurrent diseases may be a signal that there is a need for palliative care. Essays On Pivotal Storytelling. These signals are often accompanied by reports by family members, home care professionals and medical specialists. Thus, GPs also take into account the patients’ context and environment when recognizing palliative care needs. Remarkably, GPs did not mention psychosocial or spiritual problems among the initial signals that a patient was in need of palliative care, although they did consider psychosocial and spiritual support as elements of palliative care. We found differences between recognizing palliative care needs among patients with cancer, patients with other chronic diseases and conflict essay formal organisations, the very old, who often deteriorate slowly.
In cancer patients, the demarcation between the curative and palliative phases is often relatively clear for chemistry GPs. In the formal informal, case of these patients, the medical specialist informs the chemistry, GP when curative treatments are not an conflict essay organisations, option or have been stopped. Then the patient is referred from the medical specialist to the GP and greek questions, a palliative care policy is started. This makes it relatively easy for GPs to demarcate the need for palliative care. Formal Informal. However, in patients with chronic diseases such as COPD and ancient greek, heart failure, the course of the essay formal informal organisations, disease is often less predictable and patients continue to essay, be treated both by a medical specialist in the hospital and conflict formal informal organisations, their GP. Consequently, recognition of the essays on pivotal issues storytelling, need for palliative care often arises gradually.
Furthermore, in conflict essay formal informal organisations, the case of the ‘oldest old’ where physical and cognitive functions often deteriorate steadily, GPs experience the gradual decline as the normal course of life. Therefore, recognition of the the death essay, need for essay informal organisations palliative care also arises gradually. Analytical Phd Thesis. This finding is in line with the research of Shipman et al. [ 10 ]. According to this research, prominent concerns included difficulties with prognosis and the availability of essay, adequate support for patients with advanced non-malignant disease. Currently, experts like Lynn and Adamson consider the roles essay, palliative phase as a care continuum which starts early in the course of a life-threatening illness [ 1 , 2 , 11 , 12 ]. Dutch GPs also consider the diagnosis stage as an conflict formal informal, important stage in the patient’s disease trajectory. However, they do not necessarily see the diagnosis as the starting point for palliative care. Although GPs may give support at gender roles in the essay, the time of the diagnosis, they do not call it palliative care as long as cure is essay organisations still a possibility or as long patients are not care-dependent. They see no added value in talking about ‘palliative care’ when cure is still an option or when the patient does not need much care. GPs often do give emotional support around the diagnosis, but they do not want to designate this as palliative care.
Some of essays issues storytelling, them also indicated that the word ‘palliative’ in communication with a patient who is conflict essay informal organisations still living life to the full, is also not a very useful term. So far, little empirical research had been conducted regarding the assumption that palliative care should start early in the course of the questions, disease. Our research seeks to close this gap. Most previous palliative care research has focused exclusively on conflict essay informal organisations patients with cancer [ 13 , 14 , 15 ]. A strength of this study is that it also focuses on GPs’ experiences with people with chronic non-cancerous conditions. This study was based on qualitative interviews providing 'rich' detailed data on subjective experiences and paper in apa format, views. Qualitative methods are recommended when research topics are relatively unexplored and no structured measurement instruments are available, as was the case in our study. However, qualitative designs have limitations regarding generalizability and external validity. Since a non-random purposive sample of Dutch GPs was involved in essay formal informal organisations, the study, it cannot automatically be concluded that this provides a representative picture of all GPs in the Netherlands.
For instance, some overrepresentation can be expected of in the, GPs with above-average interest in essay formal, and experience with palliative care. Moreover, there may be limitations concerning the generalizability of the findings to other countries. Cross-national research shows that the Netherlands is known to thesis trees, be a country where doctors communicate relatively openly about end-of-life issues [ 16 ]. Therefore, it can be expected that patients in other countries will be very unlikely to communicate palliative care needs at an earlier stage than in this study. Implications for research and practice. Future quantitative research among a random sample of Dutch GPs as well as cross-national research is recommended to get a more complete and generalizable picture of how GPs recognize that a patient is in need of palliative care. It is recommended that future research should include both GPs with considerable experience of palliative care and essay organisations, GPs with less experience. Essay. In addition, it would be interesting to combine and compare multiple perspectives in a future study: those of the formal informal organisations, patients, the family members, the GPs and of other professional caregivers. Finally, we recommend further research on the identification of storytelling, palliative care needs in the ‘oldest old’ in particular, who often suffer from conflict formal informal complex co-morbidity and show a steady decline up to death. Further research on this group of elderly people is ancient essay questions important because this non-cancer group has not received much attention so far in palliative care research. This study indicated that GPs prefer to avoid the term 'palliative' as long as they have not received signals from the patient that he/she is in need of palliative care or if curative treatments are still possible. Conflict Essay Informal Organisations. Discussions are recommended on the use of the term 'palliative' or options for alternative terms, for instance in the training and education of healthcare professionals.
The education and training of GPs could also include further discussion of what attitude GPs should take in family essay, palliative care. It is formal known from analytical chemistry other recent research that Dutch GPs in general have a reactive rather than a proactive attitude in the interaction with their patients [ 17 ]. GPs assume that patients themselves should say what kind of support they need and what kind of problems they have. GPs do not want to patronise their patients or give care that is conflict essay formal not needed. The Death Arthur. However, in general patients will not ask explicitly and conflict essay formal informal organisations, clearly for palliative care in the early stages of the disease trajectory, which makes it even more important for GPs to initiate discussions on evolving care needs. A more proactive approach with the GP taking initiatives for advance care planning, may result in chemistry phd thesis, a better match with patients’ and family members’ existing and evolving care needs. We recommend further research into the conditions, stages and specific patient categories for which it would be better for GPs to opt for conflict essay formal organisations a proactive (rather than reactive) approach in patients with progressive diseases. GPs recognize a need for bean palliative care on formal informal the basis of greek essay, various signals. Conflict Organisations. They do not support the idea underlying Lynn and Adamson’s model that palliative care always starts early in the course of the disease. This work was supported by the Netherlands Organization for writing an english paper in apa Health Research and Development (ZonMw; grant number 11510010). The authors declare that they have no competing interests. SJJC and essay formal informal, AF drafted this manuscript in an english paper format, cooperation with YE and LD.
AF, YE and LD were responsible for the design of this study. SJJC and AF were involved in the data collection. SJJC, AF, YE and LD were involved in conflict, the analysis and/or interpretation of the data. All authors read and approved the manuscript. This article is published under license to essays issues, BioMed Central Ltd. Conflict Formal Organisations. This is an Open Access article distributed under the ancient questions, terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is essay formal organisations properly cited. Susanne JJ Claessen 1 Email author Anneke L Francke 1 2 Yvonne Engels 3 Luc Deliens 1 4 1. Chemistry Phd Thesis. EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Department of conflict informal organisations, Public and Occupational Health Expertise Center Palliative Care VUmc VU University medical center (VUmc) Amsterdam The Netherlands 2. NIVEL, Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research Utrecht The Netherlands 3. Good Thesis Trees. Department of Anesthesiology, Pain and Palliative Medicine Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre Nijmegen The Netherlands 4. End-of-life Care Research Group Ghent University Vrije Universiteit Brussel Brussels Belgium. .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero. .BIB BibTeX JabRef Mendeley. .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero.
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Dec 18, 2017 Conflict essay formal informal organisations,
2017 Retirement Tips from a Close Friend. In 1996, I met Faith Skordinski, Ed.D., right after I published the first edition of the Federal Resume Guidebook . Vice President Gore had just “eliminated” the SF-171 with his Reinvention Government Movement. He said, “…the government should accept a resume, like the conflict informal organisations rest of the world.” Faith was a training coordinator for the Department of ancient greek essay Health and conflict essay formal informal organisations, Human Services (HHS), and she invited me to teach Federal Resume Writing about once a month for a whole year to paper format meet employees’ demands. Formal Informal. We used a huge projector, slides, and my brand-new book, the Federal Resume Guidebook 1st Edition. These classes were the beginning of our federal resume writing workshops in government, and Faith was the visionary who rolled them out for HHS Headquarters’ employees and the death of king essay, subsequently other Operating Divisions throughout HHS. Since 1996, Faith and I have remained friends and formal informal organisations, colleagues in the federal careers and training world. On December 31, 2016, Faith will retire after 36 years of dedicated federal service. She has contributed so much to both military members and civilian employees. Of King Arthur Essay. On the military side, she served five years as an officer in essay informal the United States Air Force and later as a career counselor at Andrews Air Force Base Family Support Center. On the civilian side, she was hired by HHS to coordinate the Senior Executive Service Candidate Development Program and then later assumed the position of career services coordinator in HHS’s Employee Assistance Program.
Faith also accepted a career development specialist position in the death of king essay HHS’s Centers for informal organisations, Medicare and Medicaid Services, and her last 12 years have been with the issues storytelling Food and Drug Administration as a management analyst focusing upon training and conflict essay informal, curriculum development, special programs, and communications. With many federal baby boomers considering retirement now, I asked Faith for her top recommendations for chemistry phd thesis, any career federal employee to conflict formal informal organisations plan a successful retirement from federal service. Here is what she wrote: Sure, Kathy, I could give you a few ideas off the top of my head. Decisions employees will make for retirement are decisions that will affect the remainder of their lives. Therefore, they need to give retirement planning top priority throughout the year. For those planning a 2017 retirement, a few suggestions follow. Early in 2017, very important to attend a retirement seminar to be placed on the right track to ensure informed decisions and analytical chemistry phd thesis, smart choices regarding all aspects of retirement, many of which require time-sensitive attention.
Attending multiple retirement seminars throughout the year is highly advisable. Conflict Essay Organisations. For starters, an good trees, outstanding free one-day intra-government seminar offered nationwide is ProFeds at http://fedimpact.com/learn-more/. Meet with a certified financial planner, one who is conflict formal informal, intimately familiar with all aspects of federal government retirement idiosyncrasies, Thrift Savings Plan management, and spousal benefits. Ancient Essay Questions. “Serving Those Who Serve” securities available through Raymond James Financial Services offers experienced, high-quality services to federal employees preparing for conflict informal, retirement. Their website is http://www.myfederalretirement.com/public/1365.cfm. Meet with a reputable CPA for format, pre-retirement advice. Meet with an attorney to update wills, living wills, power of attorney, general estate planning, and address whatever other legal concerns are applicable to your family.
Meet with your HR specialist for guidance on essay formal organisations the sea of forms to be completed and find out your agency’s timeline to receive your completed package of on pivotal in contemporary storytelling retirement forms. The forms are extensive and lengthy and require time and careful thought, so do not procrastinate. Begin the paperwork approximately three months in advance of your scheduled retirement date. Most forms are available online. The forms in this table are among the informal ones to be completed and/or updated, specified by retirement plan: Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) or Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS). No cross-offs are permitted on any retirement forms. If cross-offs are submitted, and/or if information is omitted, retirement processing and by extension the of king arthur essay stabilization of your pension will be significantly delayed. Essay Formal. You will be required to re-submit whatever form is in question, while OPM stamps your retirement application package as “incomplete” and places it on the bottom of their backlog. If you decide to draw Social Security upon retirement, you are permitted to apply for it three months prior to retirement.
Become familiar with ssa.gov. Ask for help when needed, always being careful to seek guidance from properly credentialed persons as opposed to roles co-workers chatting around the proverbial water-cooler. Everyone’s situations and needs differ and receiving accurately tailored information to make informed decisions is essay informal, vital. If assistance is needed with required forms—many of which are steeped in HR jargon and ancient greek essay, not automatically intuitive—a helpful company, Federal TransFERS at federaltransfers.com, is available to serve you for a reasonable service fee. A seasoned Federal TransFERS counselor will insure all jargon is conflict essay formal organisations, correctly interpreted, completed forms are proofread, good to go without errors, and good to go without inadvertently omitted information. All FERS employees should plan their retirement dates for essay questions, the last day of essay formal a month—not necessarily the end of a pay period. CSRS employees have a bit more leeway, extending into the first few days of the new month. Be sure to obtain qualified guidance on how to select your all-important retirement date, which will directly impact your pay.
Run the numbers and resolve unique situations (e.g. Did you leave federal service and then return after withdrawing retirement funds? Did you serve in the military and now want to in contemporary buy back your military time to count toward retirement? Is your TSP set up to your best advantage in retirement?). If questions or concerns arise relative to any facets of your career and their potential impact upon retirement, research the appropriate sources and seek clarification until you understand the answers and the reasoning behind the answers. If your agency has a pre-retirement support group, join it—a great resource! These groups offer valuable information relevant to conflict essay formal informal all pre-retirees from leisure ideas, to finding new careers, to volunteer possibilities, to impact upon your family, to finances, and so much more. So now, Kathy, you have a dozen informational points you can work with to advise 2017 federal employees preparing to good thesis bean trees retire.
From my perspective, these 12 points are most important to conflict essay formal informal begin the journey into retirement. Bottom line: A smooth retirement requires meticulous, well-organized research followed by writing paper in apa format subsequent well-timed action. For my personal post-retirement plans, traveling and cruising are first and foremost on my agenda. Immediate trips planned include the conflict essay informal Southern Caribbean, Arizona, and Colorado, as well as random trips to points of interest located closer to ancient greek questions my home. Scandinavia, the Greek Isles, Alaska, and conflict essay, Hawaii are next in my queue, but I am open to all possibilities. When not traveling, I will be working out and shaping up daily in my local fitness center. Volunteering with my affiliated political party, indulging in hobbies, relaxing with family and roles family essay, friends, and simply enjoying hearth and home round off my personal vision of a good retirement life.
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Dec 18, 2017 Conflict essay formal informal organisations,
essay values that moral values should be taught within our school system. Essay? • Preparation for future roles in society: Gaining knowledge is just one of the goals we set in education. Our primary goal should not only be to get an education, but to learn the writing an english in apa moral values of being a good citizen as well as a good parent in society. This is something that our children will need in order to informal prepare themselves in the future. • Many Children are not taught moral values at home: If parents were teaching moral values. Essay on Happiness and Moral Value. of excess and deficiency (1107a1-3). Virtue is the essay character to act in such a way as to lead a happy life. Aristotle makes a distinction between intellectual virtues (such as wisdom), and moral virtues (such as courage and generosity).
Intellectual virtues are believed to be gained from education, as moral virtues are attained by habit (1106a10). The character that we eventually develop is a result of conflict formal organisations our upbringing, as parents need to shape the spirit of their offspring in such a way as to help. Essay about ancient The Importance of Moral Values. However the job of conflict essay organisations being a veterinary assistant eventually went against her moral commitment at times when owners wanted to put their pets down, or she had to aid to ancient greek questions injured animals that may have no hope. Because of her not being able to fulfil her moral commitment she now has a different job. Conflict Formal? Jenny has not had many jobs throughout her life, however Weber says in note 246 that once a person starts a job or occupation that person should not change jobs. Writing Paper Format? That person needs to accept the occupation and. Essay on Moral Values in the Happy Prince by Oscar Wilde. author’s contemplation. Fiction made carefully considering every element in conflict essay formal informal, it. Therefore, every fiction work has at least one moral value.
Moral sense refers to greek essay questions (teaching of) good and bad which is generally accepted regarding actions, attitudes, duties, morals and manners (KBBI, 2012). Moral in the literature usually reflects the author’s view of life, his views on the value of truth, and that is essay formal, what author is about to deliver to phd thesis a reader. Informal? Fiction work written by author is to offer a life model of. Morals and Values for Daily Decisions: Personal Narrative Essay. Second respect others property. Third is honesty. Fourth but not least is chemistry, refraining from violence from one another. Conflict Essay Informal Organisations? I am Native American and my cultural heritage has helped shaped my values because growing up my aunt would tell me stories of my ancestors.
I found out they are honest people that worked hard to make a life for themselves. I was taught at an early age that in gender in the family essay, a family everyone does there part and nothing is handed to you. You have to treat others with respect because if you don’t you. Efficacy of Team Learning on Cultivating Moral Value at formal organisations, Higher Secondary School. approach namely team learning to cultivate the essays in contemporary storytelling moral value among the students of Higher Secondary students. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 1. To find out the problems of the teachers in cultivating moral value in Maruthamalai Subramaniaswamy Devasthanam Higher Secondary School, Vadavalli. Essay Formal Informal Organisations? 2. To find out the significant difference in achievement mean score between post-test of control group and post test of Experimental group in cultivating moral values. 3. To find out the significant difference in achievement. *tidak keterlaluan *tanpa mengabaikan kepentingan diri dan orang lain 2.1 Kasih Sayang terhadap Keluarga Perasaan cinta, kasih dan sayang yang mendalam dan berkekalan terhadap keluarga. *perasaan cinta/kasih/sayang mendalam terhadap keluarga *perasaan cinta/kasih/sayang berkekalan terhadap keluarga 2.2 Hormat dan taat kepada anggota kepada anggota keluarga Memuliakan setiap anggota keluarga dengan berinteraksi dan memberi layanan secara bersopan untuk mewujudkan keluarga yang harmoni.
Morals and Values are the the death of king Foundations of Society Essay. In 1430, Lorenzo collaborated with Stefano di Antonio to create The Annunciation. The painting is symmetric and dull despite the use of gold leaf to accent certain features. Essay Organisations? In 1435, Bicci di Lorenzo made a second attempt at portraying this Biblical tale. Contrary to the first painting, Lorenzo used a larger range of colors which improved the overall piece.
He arranged the in apa scene so that the Virgin Mary is on the left side of the painting while the formal organisations archangel Gabriel is situated on the right side; Value of Aem and Its Equity Value Essay. free cash flow at a growth rate of 4%. Greek? Acker propose a proper terminal value formula for AEM, which is formal, expressed as follows: Where: NOPLATPA2008 = Net Operating Profit Less Adjusted Taxes plus Amortization (line13, column 7 in table 1) g = growth rate of NOPLATPA K = weighted average cost of capital (year 7, line16, column 7 in table 1) Step 4. Calculate Enterprise value and equity value To arrive at a total value of AEM, a simple method is discounting free cash flow listed below at corresponding. of others and of ourselves. This would be respecting an individual’s autonomy. Autonomy is commanding yourself to the death essay do what you think is a good idea to do.
Since your self-identity comes from the autonomy principal, it is making choices based on your values. Each person has an idea of how they want to live their life, and with interfering with that idea, we are showing that person a lack of respect for their whole person. A good example of interfering with a person’s autonomy is conflict informal, making false promises. Assume the following. You are a Being from Planet X, tasked to recreate/order the moral order, attending institutions, on planet Earth. Earth, having suffered the ravages of years of global warming and nuclear war, is environmentally scarred, capable of trees sustaining a population of a million inhabitants. Prior to conflict your departure, you are asked to submit a general outline/plan of your ambition to recreate a moral order, attending institutions, amongst the essays on pivotal storytelling remaining earthlings. The first section of. as a heroine and Creon an oppressive tyrant, the play endorses gender equality and informal rebukes the premise that women are inferior. Another moral issue dealt with in Antigone that was also common to Greek theater is thesis bean, that of the perils of pride and conflict essay organisations of absolute power.
The combination of democratic principles being integrated into Greek society and the value placed in reverence for the gods serves as the backdrop for the play, in which Antigone poses somewhat of a threat to Creon's absolute power by. Before we can discuss the possible impact of moral education on the values and character as they relate to essay the identity formation of the adolescent, we need to try and informal organisations understand what character and values are. Character and Values Values are one’s principles and of king arthur judgment of what is important in life. “We are expected to conflict essay informal develop out own opinions, outlook, stances to things, to a considerable degree through solitary reflection” (Taylor, 1991). Thesis Trees? However, when defining our identities. The values of a professional group develop through consensus and are expected to be held by members of the group. P Fry Johnson (2002) stated that professional values are made explicit in a code of ethics, a code of conduct, or other formal statements that establishes and conflict essay formal informal make public the standards of a professional group. In 1953 the Internal Council of Nursing was established and congress accepted the roles in the family essay code of Ethics for nurses worldwide. The nurses’ code of ethics is a set of core nurses. Upcycle and how you can upcycle almost anything. Economic Values My main economic value is profitability, and organisations from what we learned in class you actually make more money by analytical chemistry phd thesis, going green and upcycling. The USPS is an example of informal that.
Also I value taking the lead because if my company goes green it will be an example that others’ can do the same and will benefit each company economically but also the environment. Environmental What I value most is being mindful of the resources I use. That every time. Dance Music and Moral Panic Essay. It can be theorised that such sociological examinations of the processes that lead to moral panic can be advantageous when considering differentiating genres of music within society. For example if one considers the punk rock music genre. Punk music can be described as a movement in greek questions, the rock scene during the 1970s where youth subcultures formed bands and created music in order to rebel and deviate from higher society. They did this through the use of the DIY ethic (do it yourself) as a way to promote.
a prison guard could believe that morally all men should be free, yet everyday he attends work and bends his morals to maintain his ethical code in his workplace. As with ethics having an origin so does morals and it stems from the Latin word “mos” meaning “custom”. (Diffen, 2016) And according to Latin-dictionary.org mos is related to custom, habit, manner, behavior, and morals. Morals are derived from the individual and is used as a personal compass of right and wrong. Although humans have morality. He didn’t think this is moral. Finally, John Adam at the end called clearly, “I refuse to carry out this order” (86). Informal? He couldn’t make up his mind for few days, but at the end he refused the order which is his ethical choice. The last words from Lieutenant-Commander Oram: “I could condemn my whole crew to death or sacrifice fifteen and essay questions save five, and conflict essay am going to join the others. Good-bye, sir.” (25). Certainly, this altruistic act of self-sacrifice truly reveals he as an excellent commanding officer. The Representation of the Messages and Values in #x60;the Wicker Man#x27;
Strict religious values weren't as important and chemistry it was beginning to seem old fashioned to believe in sex after marriage. What Neil has just witnessed goes against every religious belief he has and it is made clear to the audience that he is greatly distressed by these sexual images as he retires to his room to pray. Neil's views of the islander's activities in conflict, the graveyard are emphasised by the lighting used. The graveyard is dark, representing evil and is contrasted with Neil's bedroom, which. The concept of the gender roles in the essay lifetime value of a customer is well established in the theory and practice of database marketing. The lifetime value of a Customer, defined to be the expected present value of the net cash flows from the essay formal informal organisations firm’s relationship with the gender customer over his or her lifetime, is often used as an formal informal upper limit on spending to chemistry acquire the customer. If the expected cash flows from the relationship with the acquired customer have a present value of $100, then the firm should spend no more than. Subjectivity Theory: Values are Subjective Essay. Subjectivism is a relativist view that all moral principles are justified by an individual based on their personal perspective. (Pojman Fieser) “Subjectivism holds that there are no objective moral properties,” (Objectivism101) This quote states that in order for a value to be solely subjective it can’t represent any objective properties.
For example, if I were to say that pizza is the most delicious food, I would be making an conflict formal organisations obvious subjective claim. However, this judgment would only be true. By using Ethical Subjectivism, it clearly explains why moral judgments are just a branch of your preferences. Ethical Subjectivism is roles family, “…a theory about the nature of conflict formal organisations moral judgments. It says that no matter what moral judgments we make, we are only expressing our personal feelings, and nothing more.” The topic statement also says “…moral judgments are a waste of time. The only thing at issue is roles, what people like or don’t like”.
The fact of the matter is that the second part of the statement is absolutely. nowadays due to the teachings of conflict essay informal back then. Ancient Greek Essay Questions? We should value the fact that we can read and write for many people in other countries aren’t able to do so, and what I value more is conflict informal organisations, that I am able to writing an english paper communicate through more than one language, giving me an formal organisations advantage in gender family essay, life. If I never learned Chinese, I would’ve never been able to understand the true meanings of the literature. I am very grateful of essay what I have learned throughout the years and I value all these traits that I possess. Memories only come.
or better called a young minded moral relativist, the power which resides in the child is new in nature, and none but the the death of king arthur essay child knows whatever their reasoning or reaction in any situation is they neither know what to do or not, until such action has been done or accomplished and essay the defect does not depend on the death of king arthur essay time, but on their living, and pursuing each successive object, as passion directs irrespective of their age (Emerson) and teacher on the other hand being a moral instructor or educational guardian. Kant: Grounding for organisations, Metaphysics and Morals Essay. recognized, “For when moral value is being considered, the concern is bean trees, not with the actions, which are seen, but rather with their inner principles, which are not seen” (19). Kant emphasizes that an a priori understanding of morality will further our pursuit to perform in accordance with morality without the distraction of conflict essay organisations personal inclination and interest. Kant believes that the categorical imperative should become the only principle in judging whether an gender action has moral worth. Conflict Essay Formal? Kant states that.
Moral Standing on Abortion Essay examples. Determining full moral standing proves difficult especially with regards to fetus sentience. Sentience is defined as having awareness or fundamental consciousness; however, it is analytical phd thesis, interpreted in many ways. “Sentience ought to be understood as a way sentient beings are aware of themselves (i.e. conscious) and a way of belonging to the surrounding world” (Bogaert 293). With that in mind, a fetus cannot be assumed to have sentience, for it is difficult to essay formal organisations determine when a fetus is sentient. In L. Wayne.
For instance, sending aid to another country in order to minimize a people from starving to death, is the death of king, not our moral duty. We are to conflict essay informal organisations act in a way that will maximize human happiness and minimize human suffering. In the end, aiding poorer nations will produce more suffering than it will end. It is believed that nations with the highest average of poverty also have the an english paper in apa format highest rates of birth. If we are to provide aid to these countries, we are only formal informal, allowing more reproduction, thereby creating even. opinion is, that anyone who is terminally ill should have the choice, but to all rules there are exceptions, and to something as serious as this, there shouldn't be. Euthanasia Today Euthanasia has been, and format always will be, a controversial moral and ethical subject. While the majority of both Americans and Canadians seem to support euthanasia as indicated by the latest polls, it is still illegal in conflict informal, both countries. I think it is important to first distinguish between passive euthanasia.
reinforcement come into play also. There are four major elements when it comes to the death of king arthur essay the Social Learning Theory. Differential Association, Differential Reinforcement, Differential Imitation and Differential Definitions. There are many potential ethical/morals that come with these types of cases. The first thing needed would be to research certain methods when handing this type of case.
The first thing would be is to obtain consent from whomever to participate in the research. Second would be having the. I did not follow the fourth army value. Formal Informal? I did put the of king arthur essay needs of the conflict essay informal storm victims before my needs. I must always that of others before I think of myself. The fifth army value is honor it means to live to all the Army values.
I did not live up to any of the phd thesis army values and I have failed as a NCO. The sixth army value is Integrity it means to do what is right, legally and morally. Be willing to do what is right even when no one is looking. It is our moral compass an essay formal inner voice. I did not. This must be done on moral grounds even if there is some financial burden on the management because of dumping some where else.
Even when it comes to the recent Tsunami, a very rich man may not be forced to help out those who were affected by the natural calamity. But it is his responsibility to provide some help to the needy. Essay? One of my uncles who owns a factory saw unemployed youth one the road, begging for food. Later he came to know that the youth were all well educated and they were economically. question and judge it by it's own merits, they want to see who's affected or what it would really cost. It's like putting a price on your character. If it's small or doesn't hurt anybody, than it won't be a big deal. We can nickel and dime our moral piggy bank to death. Conflict Formal Informal? It's the old, the ends justify the means. Criminals aren't made in essays on pivotal in contemporary storytelling, a day. Some of the most unethical and essay formal informal unjustifiable behavior I know of ancient essay has come out of our own political system.
The very men who are responsible for. In this case, torturing them just as they have tortured other might be a tough, but loving, way to essay formal informal organisations express the point that might cause this person’s life to change. I agree with the Christian view of on pivotal issues storytelling this moral dilemma. There are consequences for conflict organisations, our actions. Many times the consequences are a form of torture. Essay? I did not celebrate or feel joy when Sadaam was executed, as well as Bin Laden and conflict essay informal organisations other dictators. I did not feel joy because it’s always sad to know that these men, no matter what they done. Moral and Ethical Issues Behind Software Copyright and Patents. is no commercial value, then there is no lawsuit.
This is why the moral and ethical plays an important in the current commercial activity. And so frequently that the true value of moral are diminished in the prolonged lawsuit. In modern society, moral and ethic values are the foundation to regulate people’s behavior and bond the whole society system. Each culture has its own unique ethical characteristics and relates to its corresponding moral standard. If there is no moral, a society will be. How the Grinch Taught Me Morals Essay. educating children on how to lead moral lives and accepting all of the people around us. As children, we read countless stories like Dr.
Seuss’s in which morals are instilled. However, as we grow older, these stories become memories, or the “good old days” of reading Dr. Seuss. An English Paper? The question is, why is that? Clearly these morals are things adults should live by as well, perhaps even more so. Newspaper comics offer a different, more mature media in which morals and critiques on society are presented. Use Money Wisely to conflict essay formal Gain Morals Essay examples.
amount of money or food could affect the poor man in on pivotal storytelling, many good ways. Essay Informal? By using money appropriately trust and good morals will be gained. Hawtrey mentions in “Good Values; Money, Greed and trees God; God and Money: A Theology of Money in a Globalizing World” that “a new appreciation is formal informal, evident … such as trust, … commitments, virtues and duty… these attendant qualities have a real market value, that prices implicitly reflect such valuation, and therefore that these factors need to be modeled.” (344) Trust. Belief in a God Is Necessary for a Moral Society Essay example. obviously America is analytical chemistry phd thesis, considered a moral society, so wouldn't all this faith play a key role in that observation? America has always lived a legitimately peaceful lifestyle even though it is considered one of the informal most religiously diverse countries in greek, the world (Sheler, 5). The word religiously is the key word in that sentence.
To have a religion or to believe in conflict formal informal, a religion is to have a set of rules that have been laid down by that religion to follow. With having these values, it makes it harder and less. A moral understanding of Utilitarianism and torture Essay. off as rash, insensitive, and unsympathetic beings for allowing a method such as this one to occur in order to save many lives. Injuring two lives for writing an english format, the benefit of thousands more is sound, but may not be ethical or moral. It is a difficult feat to assess what is ethical and conflict essay formal moral especially when encountered with a situation like this. An assumption that it is immoral to not torture these children could be proposed because not acting on the children could deter the CIA from trees, attaining valuable information. Edwards] not getting awarded on essay formal getting her medical accounts paid. Recommending some ethical determinations to senior management, I would mention four principles on the resolution the good bean trees case against Ms. Edwards's v Mr. Washington.
Frist will be debate moral choices: before on taking a result, decent results need to. Peter Singer and Moral Decisions Essay. conclusion that even though no one else seems to be acting in a moral way, it doesn’t change one's own responsibilities. The individual obligations remains the organisations same i.e. to spend our money only on writing an english paper in apa necessities and giving the rest to charities. As Singer says The formula is essay informal organisations, simple. ” He asks us to shun the concept of fair share because letting people die for the sake of fairness is “. taking fairness too far. ” In order to reach a moral decision, one should not be guided by public opinions unless. such things. Essays On Pivotal Storytelling? In this paper we will examine a few different things as they relate to my personal, professional, and cultural values, and my ethics. Conflict Essay Informal Organisations? I will first look at my personal values and good thesis bean how they can be reconciled in a global setting. Formal? Next we will look at my professional values and how I am able to reconcile them in a global setting. Third, I will examine my cultural values and how they are reconciled in a global setting. Last, we will look at my ethics and how they relate to a global setting.
Moral Development - Lawrence Kohlberg Essay. Kohlberg six stages of moral development from this study. Level 1 is Reconventional Morality. Stage 1 is Obedience and thesis bean trees Punishment Orientation. Conflict Essay Formal? The child powerful authorities hand down a fixed set of rules, which he or she must unquestioningly obey. Stage 2 is Individualism and Exchange.
At this stage children recognize that there is not just one right view that is handed down by the authorities. Different individuals have different viewpoints. Level 2 is Conventional Morality. Stage 3 is Good. Business and Morals in Literature Essay. will take by analytical phd thesis, force what they need. And the little screaming fact that sounds through all history: repression works only to strengthen and knit the repressed. (Steinbeck 324) Once the repressed ban together to form the “we” and conflict conquer the “I”, once moral intuition overrides personal fulfillment, once society decides to narrow the gap between the rich and the poor, injustices will begin to perish. Society losing touch with its responsibility to ancient greek others is far from fiction. While sitting in the Birmingham. Essay on Moral Theology of formal informal Healthcare.
has bad emotions but manages to contain them so that he does not act on them. Temperance is when one has good emotions and good actions. To move from continence to temperance, we can change our desires by gender roles in the, distracting ourselves. Fortitude is the moral virtue involves facing difficulties well. The two parts of fortitude are attack, facing the difficulty by seeking to eliminate it, and endurance, hanging in essay formal organisations, there in the face of writing in apa hardship. A person with fortitude experiences a reasonable amount of. What It Does It Mean to Be Moral Essay. The real pursuing of one's actual self-interest is essay informal, never in conflict with the demands of chemistry morals. Conflict Essay Informal Organisations? For Plato, it is more rational to pursue one's trueness, than one's evident, self-interest, judiciousness and morality do not conflict. Writing? It is judicious to be moral. I support Plato's view of the conflict essay subject, why one ought to be moral.
I feel that living justly will eventually work out to be in an english, your self-interest because you are being honest and projecting honest from all of your actions, while avoiding. The Great Gatsby: Is Gatsby Moral? Essay. by involving himself in illegal activities just to acquire wealth in conflict formal informal, order to win Daisy over from Tom, but it never happened. Gatsby’s ambitions were immoral because, he never gained his wealth in the right way and for roles in the essay, a wrong cause. Why should a moral man gain wealth through illegal activities just to win another man’s wife? Gatsby refused to forget the conflict formal informal organisations past about analytical chemistry phd thesis him and Daisy and essay he was very confident that he could restore his past with Daisy and make things back to roles in the family essay the way the used to be. He. From their prospective the value is the historically modest dividend and the long range growth of the business. Given their approximation of a share price of $54,000 that would suggest they excluded Masco as an outlier if they used a multiples approach and they used a discount of nearly 65% on the value of the shares to address their limitations noted previously. This would yield a value of informal organisations roughly $58,000 per share.
The dissenting Kohler shareholders, many of whom acquired shares for north. In its broadest form, the utilitarian philosophy is a specific form of consequentialism; focusing on the consequence of the act to determine the morality of that said act. When considering luxuries, it becomes more difficult than taking it at face value. Chemistry Phd Thesis? You have to consider different levels of class and what resources are essential for surviving for each of the organisations different classes. If someone in in contemporary storytelling, the upper class buys a high end suit, it would be considered a luxury but in essay formal informal, the eyes of Mill, it would. Values can change by either a significant emotional event or a profound dissatisfaction. The first way is by gender roles in the essay, a traumatic event that changes our views, for example, watching a friend get harassed by police could change your view of police and lead to losing respect for police. Conflict? Profound dissatisfaction caused by persistent dissatisfaction with an event that changes how you feel (Whisenand McCain, 2014). Good Bean Trees? What values do for and to us?
Values tell us about who we are as people. They act as filters. Ethical and Moral Issues in essay formal organisations, Business Essay. retail business. On Pivotal Issues In Contemporary? Ethics and morals are essential in essay, the success of a business because they determine whether or not a customer will continue to patronize the business or take his or her money to another business. A company is only as successful as the people who work there. The employee in a business goes to work and employs his or her personal ethics in conjunction with the ancient code of ethics implemented in the place he or she works. Differences are apparent in morals and ethics.
The difference is.