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Book Report on Mockingjay (spoilers) Book Report on essay food Mockingjay by Suzanne Collins. If we burn, you burn with us. Katniss Everdeen's final battle has begun. In the first book, titled simply The Hunger Games , we are told how the for kid, country of Panem, set in on soul food movie, a futuristic America, is eating, divided into 12 districts and ruled by essay on soul food movie the Capitol. There used to essay myself, be 13 districts, but Thirteen was destroyed after they rebelled against the Capitol in food, the 'Dark Days', some seventy-five years ago. I Got? Then we are introduced to the protagonist, Katniss Everdeen, and on soul food the concept of the my first, Hunger Games: to punish the districts for on soul movie, their disobedience in tankers and thesis, the Dark Days, the essay on soul, Capitol stages a yearly Hunger Games where a girl and a boy between the peace 2013, ages of on soul food 12 and 18 are 'reaped' from i got job essay, each district and essay on soul food shoved into tankers international, a giant arena – the last one alive wins. Very, uh, surprisingly, Katniss ends up being Twelve's (her district's) female tribute.

The male tribute is essay food, Peeta Mellark, someone Katniss has never spoken to but is essay technologies, revealed to have loved Katniss for several years now. By some miracle (read: Katniss defying the Capitol and essay threatening to peace 2013, commit suicide with Peeta when they were the essay movie, only two people left in the arena), they both survive their first Hunger Games. International And Thesis? So she goes back to the arena. She joins forces with some of the other tributes, and movie together they survive (well, most of them do) until they're the last ones left in essay, the arena. On Soul Food Movie? Then they concoct a diabolical plan that results in the destruction of the Capitol. well, not really. But they do destroy the eating christmas kalahari, force-field around the food, arena and get lifted out of there (okay, so not all of them make it. Some – like Peeta – are captured by 2013 the Capitol, presumably to essay movie, be tortured.) And now.

Mockingjay . Stakeholder Engagement Essay? The final part of the trilogy – but I won't say long-awaited, because three years between the first and on soul food movie last books isn't really that long. Try, for instance, ten years. So, where were we? Ah, yes. Tankers And Thesis? Katniss and some other tributes were lifted out, some were not. The ones that were lucky enough were transported to District Thirteen, which, apparently, still exists – underground. They used to essay movie, produce nuclear weapons for the Capitol before the Dark Days, so when they rebelled, they made a deal with the Capitol: If the essay about, Capitol left them alone, they wouldn't nuke it. Anyway, Katniss and the others were transported to essay movie, Thirteen and writing fixed up – they were kinda roughed up after the arena, if you get my drift. Then the essay movie, President of Thirteen, a woman by the name of school myself Alma Coin, starts trying to on soul, coerce Katniss into christmas, being the Mockingjay, the on soul food, symbol of the engagement, districts' rebellion against the Capitol. Long story short, it takes her a while, but she finally accepts the position. Coin and the others decide that the essay on soul movie, role would be best fulfilled by essay on reproductive making propaganda videos known as propos, so the food movie, filming begins.

Eventually, though, Katniss gets Coin to send her to the Capitol to essay 2013, fight in the war. However, they fall into a kind of essay movie trap and half their team is killed, leaving, amongst others, Peeta (the guy who's claimed to i got job essay, love her) and food movie Gale (her best friend of stakeholder essay seven-ish years). Essay? For some reason, fans have been mimicking Twilight fans and and thesis going “Team Peeta!” “Team Gale!” ever since it was revealed in Catching Fire that Gale might actually have romantic feelings for Katniss. Essay On Soul Food? So I can only imagine the reactions this latest plot twist caused amongst the writing for kid, most fanatic of fans – especially since the situation doesn't much get better. What's left of the on soul food, soldiers escape into the drains, but they get chased by some half-lizard half-human creatures, so they escape into a tiny cellar. Eating In The Kalahari Essays? With exactly two other people, one of which can't talk because his tongue has been cut out. Awkward, right? After a day or so of that awkwardness, Katniss decides to on soul food, go find and kill President Snow, the technical ruler of eating essays Panem. Essay On Soul? However, she doesn't quite manage this, seeing as somebody herds a bunch of Capitol kids into a small space, drops a bomb on when i got them, waits for food, rebel healers to run in and drops another bomb, killing Katniss' sister Prim and leading to President Snow's arrest.

A while after this, Katniss finds herself in the same room as Snow and writing essay finds she has to essay on soul, talk to him. Essay? He reminds her of a conversation they had before the Quarter Quell, where they agreed not to essay food, lie to each other. He then tells her that Coin has been doing it all for power – leading the rebellion, ordering Snow executed. In a way, she has been mocking the writing essay for kid, Mockingjay for food movie, her naivete. Writing Essay? Katniss doesn't believe him, obviously, and reacts like anyone else would react: stalks out food movie of the school essay, room. Essay On Soul Food Movie? However, come the day of the engagement, execution – where Katniss gets to do the honours – she ends up shooting Coin instead. Snow starts laughing, which turns into a huge coughing fit, and suddenly he, too, is dead.

Chaos erupts – what else? Katniss is movie, caught, and essay myself eventually banished to Twelve, her district. The last actual chapter ends with Katniss admitting she loves Peeta (well, Gale went to food movie, District Two anyway, so it's him or nothing). Eating Christmas In The? In my opinion, this would have been a perfectly good ending, but Collins added an Epilogue which was, in my opinion, kind of essay food cliche and useless. When My First Job Essay? The only on soul food movie, questions it answered were the ones that were already a given – Katniss and Peeta got married and peace had kids. On Soul Food? However, it didn't answer those people were bound to wonder about – who ruled Panem after Katniss assassinated Coin? What exactly happened to Gale? Did he ever get married?

Have kids? Die an essay, unnatural death? Was he happy? Sign In or join Fanpop to essay food, add your comment. Essay? 2006-2017 Fanpop, Inc., All Rights Reserved. A Member of movie Townsquare Entertainment News.

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Latin America Ccot Essays and Research Papers. Political Latin America 2-8-15 Many historical events were happening in essay on soul movie, the 16th century to . middle 19th. For example, Portugal began settling in school essay, Sao Tome, the Peasants’ War in Germany started, and Michelangelo started his one of his most well known sculptures, “David”. However, in an entirely different part of the essay food, world, things were happening in equal importance to human history. Exploration of the “New World” was taking place, and many changes came from European explorers in the. Americas , Brazil , Colonialism 722 Words | 3 Pages. ?A Latin American Empire (Page 384 -387) Leaders of the United States started realizing that their country's security depends on the . security of Latin America . (due to strong links with their southern neighbors) Most Latin American colonies were independent by the early 1800's but were still not secure.

They feared that European countries would try to re-conquer the new republics. The US feared this too; Monroe Doctrine: (President James Monroe- 1823) The document stated that the American. Americas , Cuba , Latin America 818 Words | 3 Pages. Latin America: a Legacy of Oppression. Latin America : A Legacy of Oppression When the eating christmas kalahari, Europeans first arrived in Latin America , they didn't . realize the immensity of essay on soul movie their actions. As history has proven, the Europeans have imposed many things on the Latin American territory have had a long, devastating effect on school about myself, the indigenous people.

In the centuries after 1492, Europeans would control much of South America and impose a foreign culture upon movie the already established civilizations that existed before their arrival. These imposed ideas left. Americas , Indigenous peoples , Indigenous peoples of the peace essay 2013, Americas 2156 Words | 6 Pages. Neoliberalism in Latin America From the 1930s until the 1980s state intervention and protection were key components of . Essay Food Movie? most Latin American economies. Eating Christmas In The Kalahari? In these years many Latin American countries were used an Import-substitution industrialization based economy trying to movie, reduce dependence on foreign imports and replacing them with domestic production. Writers Of Music? Due to the use of an movie, Import-substitution industrialization based economy Latin American countries were forced to keep high tariffs to protect. Americas , Economy , Latin America 2304 Words | 7 Pages. Clothes in essay, Chile and general Latin America Clothing styles throughout Latin America vary from region . to region and have been influenced through several different sources.

Fashion in Latin America today and traditional fashions of on soul food Latin America differ dramatically. Climate, location, isolation, population, economy, history, colonial influences are many of the sources that have helped to contribute to these changes. Engagement? Traditional Latin American fashion varied form region to region but maintained a distinctive. Americas , Chile , Clothing 695 Words | 3 Pages. Colonialism and food movie, Latin America Eduardo Galeano is a passionate journalist and writer, a man that has put this passion into . writing about the lost or often overlooked histories of christmas in the Latin and South Americas . In one of his acclaimed books, Las venas abiertas de America Latina/Open Veins of movie Latin America , he looks at essay, the history of exploitation in this place from early European explorers to on soul movie, current United States and European endeavors. In this paper using three examples from Open Veins of Latin America by Eduardo. Americas , Cuba , Indigenous peoples 1078 Words | 3 Pages. Spanish Language and Latin America. History of the Americas HL Required Summer Reading Study Guide Born in Blood and school essay, Fire: A Concise History of Latin . America By John Charles Chasteen Foreign Affairs November/December 2000 states: Born in Blood and Fire is food, a briskly written yet sophisticated introduction to essay writers, Latin America that will be greatly welcomed by non-specialists and experts alike. Chasteen paints on a very broad canvas, but he succeeds in capturing with enviable conciseness the major ingredients of Latin America's uniqueness. Americas , Brazil , Central America 1991 Words | 7 Pages.

This paper will discuss the essay food, poverty in 2013, Latin America . Latin America has always been in poverty and . although there have been some ups and downs, the poverty level remains great. First, we will discuss the region that is known as Latin America , the determining factors of poverty, the essay on soul movie, statistics and history of the poverty in Latin America and essay on reproductive, the future of the poverty in essay food, Latin America . Engagement Essay? Latin America refers to the areas of America in which the Spanish or Portuguese languages prevail. Essay On Soul Movie? These areas include. Americas , Indigenous peoples of the Americas , Latin America 805 Words | 3 Pages. To what extent are the current social divisions in Latin America the result of colonial socio-political structures? . LATIN AMERICA STUDY ESSAY INTRODUCTION The Spanish and Portuguese colonial period in Latin America lasted from 1492 to 1810. 300 years of engagement violent domination, genocides, exploitation, repression of the native religion and culture, and native history re-writing. Black people , Brazil , Colonialism 1748 Words | 7 Pages. Latin America Literatures of essay on soul Latin America - consists of . the oral and written literature of Latin America in several languages, particularly in essay, Spanish, Portuguese, and indigenous languages of the Americas - consist of HIGH CULTURE (literature and high arts) and essay on soul movie, POPULAR CULTURE (folk, music and dances) as well as religion and other customary practices. Factors that influence the job essay, culture of Latin America * Pre Columbian Culture- Oral Literature * European Colonial Culture- . Americas , Argentina , Gabriel Garcia Marquez 888 Words | 4 Pages.

into Latin America Throughout the essay food movie, short history of the United States, it is clear that the technologies, U.S. is an international . superpower; its diplomatic policies have reach all corners of the earth. Mainly throughout the 20th century, the U.S. government has greatly involved itself in on soul movie, the affairs of a few Latin American nations. The adverse effects resemble the essay writers of music, colonialism of South Africa by European nations. Even without colonies in Latin America , the U.S. had been involved in a number of Latin America. Americas , Caribbean , Dominican Republic 1393 Words | 5 Pages. ?BRICS see greater role in Latin America June 3, 2013 Debidatta Aurobinda Mahapatra, specially for RIR The grouping’s . Essay Food Movie? engagement in the region, consisting of 33 countries with population of 600 million, has become timely. Last week witnessed some crucial developments from on reproductive, BRICS perspective.

The Cuban foreign minister visited New Delhi and sought BRICS’ partnership with Latin American countries, representatives from essay on soul food movie, Cuba, Haiti, Costa Rica and Chile met Russian Foreign Minister, Sergei Lavrov. Americas , Brazil , Costa Rica 938 Words | 3 Pages. Progress in late 19th century Latin America “To develop to a higher, better, or more advanced stage” is how progress is . defined in the Merriam-Webster dictionary. During the late 19th century, Latin America , in particular, was striving to do just what this definition states. Stakeholder Essay? From copying other countries ideas to on soul, living more luxurious lives, the majority of Latin America was ready to about, progress and thrive as a whole. Essay On Soul Food Movie? However, in opposition, a number of people resisted progress because they were.

19th century , Brazil , Gender 1725 Words | 5 Pages. Authoritarian Rule in stakeholder engagement essay, Latin America. 2013 Tanvi Gupta PS 17 Essay Prompt Professor Jordon Stanton “ Latin American politics since independence have been characterized by . instability, authoritarianism, and essay movie, violence. Essay? In a three page essay please discuss the role of the military in creating such problems using the food movie, chapter in the course reader entitled “The Good Sailor.” Also, discuss whether or not the essay, Argentinean case is on soul food, typical or unique to Latin America . Provide explanations and analysis from “The Good Sailor,” lecture, and . Argentina , Chile , Coup d'etat 1201 Words | 4 Pages. Traditionl Healers in essay on reproductive, Latin America. Introduction Traditional healers also known as curanderismo are important part of Latin American culture, society and a way of life. On Soul? . Traditional healers have been a part of Latin American culture for thousands of years and even today are considered as important as the stakeholder essay, traditional health care professionals (Avila, 1999). The services of these healers are used extensively and they are well respected and admired members of the community. Not anyone can be a healer and in order to become one a special. Alternative medicine , Ayurveda , Health care 1475 Words | 4 Pages. The Road to Democracy in Latin America. The Road to Democracy in Latin America By Arneida McDonald International Political . Problems Strayer University Chesapeake, VA 23320 Email: [email protected] Democracy in Latin America : Success, Challenge and the Future The Latin American political scene today offers no perspectives for revolutionary change in the sense of break in the class politico-institutional order, even though the factors.

Americas , Bolivia , Charles de Gaulle 1501 Words | 5 Pages. The Latin America debt crisis What Happened Both internal and external for Latin Americas roller . coaster economic performance in what was known as the crisis. On Soul Food Movie? During the myself, 50’s and 60’s there was favorable conditions in place to maintain steady employment creation, capital investment and overall economic expansion. But this period ended in 1973 amid the first world oil crisis rocked the world economy and caused an era of debt-led growth among the oil importing Latin America countries. Latin American. 1973 oil crisis , Currency , Debt 1009 Words | 3 Pages. Vienna, revolts plagued many European countries as well as several areas in Latin America . Essay On Soul? France was driven from Haiti, Portugal . lost control of essay writers Brazil, and Spain was forced to withdraw from all its American empire except for Cuba and Puerto Rico. Colonial government in on soul movie, South America came to when job essay, an end. Three countries where revolts were successfully established were Haiti, Venezuela, and Brazil. The countries in Latin America benefited from the revolts because they became free from colonial rule, but. Americas , Brazil , Cuba 774 Words | 3 Pages.

Racial Background of Latin America. colonial Latin America In order to discuss the food movie, racial composition of essay Colonial Latin America , we . must first examine the three civilizations that were present when the Europeans reached Latin America . The three civilizations present were: Mayans, Aztecs and Incans which could be considered native Indians. The people of Latin America are a mixture of racial groupings that include native Indians, white Europeans, black Africans. The central foundation of economic activity in Colonial Latin America. Brazil , Indigenous peoples of the food movie, Americas , Latin America 1079 Words | 4 Pages. ? Sex Trafficking in Latin America : Empirical Research on this Ongoing Catastrophe Prof. Jessica Lane Women's Biology . Writers? Research Project Chantal Caro April 17, 2014 Coda was a young Nicaraguan teenager who was promised a job in the factories of Guatemala, she was found by a young man known as “A” and he brought her to food movie, this new country. She was expecting a new life filled with prosperity and happiness, but when she crossed the essay on reproductive technologies, border with this man, everything changed.

She was brought. Americas , Caribbean , Commercial sexual exploitation of children 2533 Words | 9 Pages. Significant change in U.S Relations with Latin America ? The Cold War period for on soul, the United States meant a shift in foreign . I Got? policy, prioritizing ideological and anti-Communist issue. On Soul? U.S policy towards Latin America notably changed in this respect to incorporate a heightened sense of myself hegemonic and interventionist power over the Americas differing from earlier U.S sovereignty in the region. This new change in policy mainly manifested itself in on soul, the area of Central America . During the different periods of. Americas , Cold War , Communism 2506 Words | 7 Pages. Indigenous Tribes of Latin America.

Indigenous People of Latin America Throughout the world, when new lands were conquered, old customs would be lost. However, in . Latin America , a great deal of their indigenous tribes not only survived being conquered, they are still around today. Different regions of Latin America are home to engagement essay, different peoples and many tribes are part of food movie ancient full-fledged kingdoms. Some of these kingdoms are among the most well-known in the world. The Meso-American native peoples make Latin America famous.

These. Andes , Indigenous peoples , Indigenous peoples of the Americas 1519 Words | 4 Pages. Latin America Test Study Guide 1. Explorers for Spain and Portugal: a. Portuguese i. First to eating essays, launch . large-scale operations ii. Prince Henry supported explorations, established court—sent expeditions west to Atlantic islands, south to Western African coast—Portuguese settled Azores and essay food, Madeira Islands, learned about African coast—gold and slaves iii. Wanted water route around Africa to India—Bartolomeu Dias attempted, pushed back iv. Vasco da Gama.

Americas , Brazil , Latin America 1638 Words | 7 Pages. Theorizing Populism In recent years, Latin America has seen a rise of presidents with leftist ideologies . labeled by many as ‘ Latin America’s left turns’. However key differences in the manner these governments respond to and manage majority-minority relations and individual rights, as well as their economic criteria and i got my first, political order has a created a division between the ‘good’ social democrats and food, ‘bad’ populists. Many scholars such as Francisco Panizza, Romina Morelli, and on reproductive, Mitchell. Brazil , Democracy , Evo Morales 1356 Words | 5 Pages.

The Wars of Independence in essay food movie, Latin America. The Wars of Independence in Latin America ? Rebellions between 1804-1824 ? Colonial govt. ended in S. America . ? Haiti revolt o led by Toussaint L'Ouverture and Jean-Jacques Dessalines o Merchant, landowner, professional class participated (Creole elite) o Natives and blacks didn't as much ? Discontentment of Creoles o Slave revolts in Andes, scared Creoles o Angry w/Spanish govt. #61607; Taxes too high #61607; Trade limits ? Peninsulares-whites born in Spain o Got the best positions . Argentina , Brazil , Buenos Aires 436 Words | 3 Pages. #65279; Slavery in the Americas was quite diverse. Mining operations in the tropics experienced different needs and suffered different . challenges than did plantations in more temperate areas of essay Norther Brazil or costal city's serving as ports for the exporting of commodities produced on food, the backs of the enslaved peoples from the African continent. This essay will look at essay on reproductive technologies, these different situations and explore the factors that determined the treatment of slaves, the consequences of that treatment.

Africa , Atlantic slave trade , Caribbean 1661 Words | 5 Pages. business ethics climate in Latin America Written by Florian H. International Business Semester 2013 . Course: Business Ethics The business ethics climate in Latin America A problem for international companies, taking Peru as an essay on soul movie, example! The Spanish saying: “El que no tranza no avanza.” (One that doesn`t act unethical will not proceed), unfortunately describes best the prevailing immoral way of doing business in the Latin American region. Despite various. Americas , Applied ethics , Business ethics 1888 Words | 7 Pages. Open Veins: An analysis of in the Latin America. 4, 2013 Open Veins of Latin America : Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent Book Review Latin . American Veins are Still Open and Wounded Open Veins of Latin America is the food movie, book to remember. Uruguayan author Eduardo Galeano is responsible for the creation of this relevant and controversial masterpiece, which follows the history of Latin America and the Caribbean through centuries of struggle against technologies poverty and those imperial powers who abused of Latin American resources and created. Americas , Latin America , North America 1574 Words | 5 Pages.

The Current State of Development in essay movie, Latin America. The Current State of Development in Latin America Throughout this paper I will be making reference to Peter Winn's book . Essay? Americas . Winn states on page 4 that Latin America is equally an invention, devised in the nineteenth century by a French geographer to essay on soul movie, describe the nations that had once been colonized by Latin Europe---Spain, France, and Portugal. In attempting to school essay, establish the current state of development in Latin America , historical chronology serves as the essay food movie, foundation necessary for a. Americas , Christopher Columbus , Indigenous peoples of the Americas 899 Words | 3 Pages. Marketing in when my first, industrial product in on soul food, latin america. ?Case-Summary An American international sales manager seeks to essay of music, meet with Latin American purchasing manager, because they are searching for an . Essay On Soul? investment partner of State-of the art production to improve their equipment of the business. After arriving the American sales manager misses the contact to his local correspondent person. In order to find that person he seeks advice from commercial attache about how to approach the essay, latin American purchasing manager.

The attache gives him seven basic advices/rule. Americas , Central America , Indigenous peoples of the Americas 663 Words | 3 Pages. Women, Work Policies Latin America. Women, work, and politics Women have been influential in Latin America through out the on soul food movie, same time that they were influential in . the rest of the eating christmas in the essays, world. Places like in Argentina were groups such as Las Madres de la Plaza de Mayo were very influential in the history of the country. These women stood in this plaza with pictures of their loves who the military had taken away from them. The government respond to them calling them crazy since they would appear there day after day claiming for a respond.

Americas , Argentina , Gender 1010 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentative Essay - Education in Latin America. FUTURE, A LATIN -AMERICAN PERSPECTIVE by food Ana-Maria Gonzalez “Education leads to a brighter future.” Quite a cliched phrase, actually. So . popular, that people tend to eating christmas in the kalahari, forget the on soul food movie, true significance of it. It is known that Latin America faces numerous problems that makes looking into about, the future a discouraging view; but we fail to realize the essay movie, lack of education may be the root of on reproductive these issues, including violence, unemployment and poverty. Even though education is food movie, widely available in Latin America , people. Americas , Brazil , Crime 833 Words | 3 Pages. Was Liberalism Good for Latin America. ?Jaime Morales History 215-AVN Berenberg 11/7/12 Was Liberalism good for in the kalahari essays, Latin America ? To truly identify if liberalism was . good for Latin America , we must understand what liberalism means, where it came from, and how it started.

What is essay on soul movie, liberalism? Liberalism is stakeholder engagement, a political force that transpired during the 1600s and 1700s. For the most part, liberalism transpired in England and France. Essay On Soul Movie? What did liberalism represent for Latin Americans during the 1850s and 1920s? Liberalism signified change but most. Argentina , Brazil , Domingo Faustino Sarmiento 1480 Words | 5 Pages. Geography of Latin America, European Influence.

Like many of the other realms we learned about, the Latin American realm, made up of Middle America and school essay, South . Food? America , is not a realm that was safe from essay, European invasion. Europeans played a big role in movie, the history of the economic, political, and cultural geography of Latin America and left long-lasting evidence of their influence in the realm. On Reproductive Technologies? Although colonization left the realm fragmented politically and economically the regions are showing signs of breaking the cycle of poverty and moving towards. Americas , Brazil , Caribbean 1100 Words | 3 Pages. distinctions between orthodox and unorthodox practices were distinguished (and oftentimes blurred). You may look at Staden, the readings on witchcraft and . “superstition,” etc. Beginning in on soul, 1492 when the Spanish under the crown of Castile invaded the Americas , where their first settlement was in Santo Domingo, their main motivations were trade and the spread of the stakeholder engagement, Catholic faith through indigenous conversions and movie, economic gain. Due to these objectives they intervened and stakeholder essay, attempted to change every facet. Acts of the essay, Apostles , Christianity , Colonialism 1081 Words | 3 Pages. High context communication latin america.

I have chosen for the second part, is the Latin American culture. In Latin America communication seems to be . implicit and many things are left unsaid as people expect to know a lot from essay, each other in movie, a conversation. The use of symbols is very common and therefore silent language is a trait of the high context communication culture. Job Essay? Most research has shown, that Latin America is considered as a polychromic country . A very common definition in Latin America is “simpatia”, which means friendly and is. Americas , Dutch people , German language 1525 Words | 4 Pages. George Reid Andrews Afro Latin America. GEORGE REID ANDREWS: AFRO- LATIN AMERICA In this paper, I would arguer that the history of USA is intertwined with the issue . of Blacks – their enslavement and essay on soul food movie, freedom but it has not as yet been focused that this subject has far greater impact in when i got my first, Central and Latin America , thus the essay movie, greater impact of blacks in school, Central and on soul food, Latin America would be the stakeholder engagement, main theme or argument of this paper. Essay Food? This book, Afro- Latin America by George Reid, is the first attempt to focus on this side of the African Diaspora. Africa , Afro-Latin American , Black people 1584 Words | 5 Pages. Nostalgia for Mysticism: Catholicism in Latin America Magical Realism.

Arianne Thomas Professor Jessica Clark Research amp; Documentation 28 November 2012 Nostalgia for Mysticism: Catholicism in Latin . America amp; Magical Realism One Hundred Years of Solitude by christmas kalahari essays Gabriel Garcia Marquez tells the story of the town of on soul food Macondo, sticky with nostalgia, and the Buendia family who lived out those very years of solitude. Essay Writers Of Music? Gabo’s work is written in a style known as magical realism, in essay on soul food, which elements of the magical and the mundane are interwoven seamlessly, making it impossible. Alejo Carpentier , Culture , Gabriel Garcia Marquez 2409 Words | 7 Pages. Spanish Colonial Latin America and Its Culture Blending. Spanish founded Colonial Latin America , the cultures socially, physically, and peace essay, politically united to form a new society. The . On Soul Movie? Spanish, Indians, and African slaves attempted to embed their homeland’s culture into this new society. This formed a clash of eating christmas in the kalahari essays cultures because each came with its own set of norms. The go-betweens played a pivotal role during encounters between the cultures acting as interpreters and the Jesuits as Christian converters. As colonial Latin America society was forming and blending. Colonialism , Culture , Indigenous peoples 1757 Words | 5 Pages.

Taran Swan at Nickelodeon Latin America Case Study. Taran Swan at Nickelodeon Latin America (A) Case Study Background and Scope In 1979, Nickelodeon, “a cable channel for . kids 2-11 years old, was launched in the United States”. Nickelodeon provided a wide-range of programming which including “live-action, comedy, drama, animation, music and sports and game shows”. Essay? By 1995, Nickelodeon was the writers of music, highest rated basic cable network and international expansion was very realistic and on soul movie, just getting started. To successfully transition internationally. Americas , Brazil , Costa Rica 1990 Words | 7 Pages. History 130 – 003: Colonial Latin-America. ?History 130 – 003: Colonial Latin - America Question #3. Latin America's independence can be traced over time . through several key movements, especially in peace 2013, the cases of Haiti and Brazil. In the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century, both of essay these colonies saw the massive undertaking of revolution from when i got my first, their monarchs.

Likewise, the Spanish-American colonies saw a long series of rebellious campaigns which resulted in food movie, the total secession from European sovereignty. Peace 2013? These three distinct happenings. Haiti , Haitian Revolution , Latin America 972 Words | 4 Pages. Monroe Doctrine and Us-Latin America Relations. U.S. policy toward Latin America . However, it has been interpreted many different ways. Some U.S. presidents have broadly . On Soul Food Movie? interpreted it, expanding its meaning. Others have taken it to mean only what it states. In a speech to Congress in 1823, President James Monroe issued a new policy concerning the threat of European intervention to school essay myself, inhibit American sovereignty.

This came to on soul, be known as the Monroe Doctrine, which became the cornerstone of U.S. relations with Latin America . It states that the. Americas , Latin America , Mexico 1492 Words | 4 Pages. Is Latin America a More Democratic Place Today Than It Was in 1945? Is Latin America a more democratic place today than it was in 1945? Given the eating christmas in the kalahari, word and time restrictions, an in depth analysis . of each Latin American country’s democratic progression across the time period would simply not be feasible. Instead I will attempt to on soul movie, look at Latin America’s progression as a whole and will provide examples of specific countries situations where relevant, in particular Venezuela. Firstly it is important to peace essay 2013, distinguish between two ideas. One is essay food, democracy. For democracy. Americas , Brazil , Democracy 1543 Words | 5 Pages.

Conflict: the christmas in the essays, Basis for Latin American Change (Born in Blood and Fire: a Concise History of Latin America) populations. Essay? Modern Latin America has conflict built into school essay about, its system because that is what it has mostly seen for the past five . hundred years. In Born in Blood and Fire: A Concise History of Latin America , John Charles Chasteen supports the argument that Latin America's problems developed due to its violent origins and history of essay on soul food conquest. From the conquest, through colonialism and revolutions, to modern day, violence has always been a main player in the advancement of Latin America . Chasteen has left. Americas , Christopher Columbus , Indigenous peoples 1774 Words | 5 Pages. abe Gaytan Latin American Studies December 8, 2011 Prompt # 1 Through U.S foreign policy, Latin American countries have . been affected both positively and negatively. However, they have been primarily affected negatively by neoliberalism and stakeholder essay, polyarchy rather than positively. Due to the exploitation of Latin American lands and essay food, people, many Latino/as created resistance in essay, both the United States and essay on soul food, their home countries. With the foreign policies enforced in Latin American countries, it allows. Americas , German language , International relations 1519 Words | 5 Pages. 2008 19th Century Latin America (Option 3) Latin America in the latter half of the . nineteenth century began to in the kalahari essays, experience a number of obstacles pivotal to their identity and crucial to their development.

The first significant obstacle came right after the wars for food movie, independence, a challenge and essay, question over who had really achieved independence. Movie? The second obstacle was the political conflict between liberals and conservatives and their ideologies of what Latin America should become in the. Argentina , Domingo Faustino Sarmiento , Indigenous peoples of the Americas 1307 Words | 4 Pages. Malintzin's Choices (Colonial Latin America Revisionist Ideas) HIST 215: Colonial Latin America September 25, 2013 Camilla Townsend, Malintzin’s Choices: An Indian Woman in the Conquest . of Mexico (Albuquerque: University of i got my first job essay New Mexico Press, 2006). Malintzin, also referred to as Malinche and Dona Marina, remains a significant conundrum in the history of the conquest of Mexico.

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Latin America (Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Mexico, Colombia Venezuela) Insulin Market: Grand View Research. The Latin America market for Insulin is expected to reach USD 3,760.7 million by 2020, according to a new study by Grand View . Research, Inc. Growing prevalence of diabetes (type I and essay on soul, type II) coupled with government initiatives to develop insulin in markets such as Brazil by my first job essay providing medical and financial aid to the population in food, the form of subsidies and the entrance of multinational companies such as Novo Nordisk, Sanofi Aventis, etc is expected to drive regional insulin market. Affordability. Argentina , Brazil , Diabetes mellitus type 2 516 Words | 3 Pages. before sound that may have been all they saw. In the 2013, twentieth century filmmaking erupted throughout Latin America . Essay On Soul Movie? Some of . historical filmmaking countries are Mexico, Cuba, Brazil, Argentina, and when i got job essay, Chile. Each and every country in Latin America has a story.

For years Latin America and the population amongst it have been heavily influenced. There are some films worth talking about from Latin America . First is Camila (1984), directed by Maria Luisa Bemberg. Essay Food? This film reflected on Argentine history and. Argentina , Chile , Film 2378 Words | 6 Pages. 31 The Latin American Revolutions Cop. ?31-Crash Course World History Video Notes The Latin American Revolution 1. Before independence, Latin American society was . School? characterized by three institutions that exercised control over the population. On Soul? a. When I Got My First? The first was the ______________ crown, or if you are Brazilian, the ______________ crown. The job of the essay food movie, colonies was to produce ______________ in the form of a 20% tax on stakeholder engagement, everything that was called “the royal fifth.” b. Secondly, the ______________which even controlled time – the church bells. American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Americas 837 Words | 3 Pages. Physical Geography Elements of on soul Latin American. Essay1 discuss some of the connections between the following physical geography elements of Latin American temperature, precipitation, . Essay Myself? topography and altitudinal life zones Latin America three-quarters of range in tropical range, on all the food, continents of the world, its conditions is the best.

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The Creoles were willing to make the concessions to the lower classes that the Peninsulares denied them. The. American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Americas 1667 Words | 5 Pages. The shift of writers of music many Latin American nations away from essay, liberal economic and political models, as well as away from European ideals began with . Peace 2013? changes in essay food movie, Latin American nationalism and culture and peace essay, ended in economics. In the beginning of the 20th century many Latin American nations had cultural movements that were challenging the essay food, old ideas about essay racist positivism. In Mexico, there was a significant break with the old Diaz regime that created efforts to present the indigenous past as something to be proud. Americas , Great Depression , Latin America 937 Words | 3 Pages. Latin American Family Values Latin Americans seem to value the family above everything else.

In fact, many spend all their . lives just trying to improve the situation for their families. Essay On Soul Movie? From experience, when speaking with a Latin American, the majority of the time they will say that their family is what brings them the most joy or what they are most proud of. Not only do Latin Americans work to school about myself, care for their families but they also work to food, keep their families united. They pride themselves. Americas , Brazil , Family 2071 Words | 6 Pages. Running Head: U.S AND LATIN AMERICAN RELATIONS U.S and Latin American Relations [Author’s Name] [Institution’s Name] U.S . and Latin American Relations The United States has a long history of involvement in and with Latin America . Writers Of Music? The relationship has varied from intense adulation to benign neglect--as dictated by US interests. Although at present the essay movie, US has its attention focused elsewhere in the world, events and when my first job essay, issues in Latin America remain a matter of ongoing concern. Relations of the. Americas , Cold War , Latin America 1974 Words | 6 Pages. of Death,” while Cofer's heritage is tested and strengthened through her encounters with Anglo judgment in her essay titled “The Myth of the . Latin Woman: I Just Met a Girl Named Maria.” In Rendon’s “Kiss of on soul food Death” and essay about myself, Cofer’s “The Myth of the Latin Woman: I Just Met a Girl Named Maria,” Euro-centric America threatens to on soul movie, drain the color and i got, life out of Latin American culture simply due to food, lack of understanding and essay myself, tolerance. The childhood experiences of both writers show how their cultural identity.

Americas , Culture , Hispanic and Latino Americans 1355 Words | 4 Pages. Latin American wars of Independence. colonies since the American Revolution, and so, the movie, Latin American wars were vicious and were sparked by ideas of independence. Essay? Thanks to . Essay Food Movie? Napoleon’s invasion of Spain, the rebels in Latin America had the perfect excuse to declare their independence. However, even though the independence movements happened at school essay, a relatively close time from one another, they were not necessarily link together, since they have their own heroes and history.

We can separate the essay, Latin American wars into three fronts: Mexican independence. American Revolution , Argentina , Colombia 1418 Words | 5 Pages. Two Latin American Writers He is a journalist, novelist and short story writer. Kalahari Essays? Likewise, she is the author of several novels and a short . fiction collection, as well as plays and stories for children. Both, Gabriel Jose Garcia Marquez and Isabel Allende have been considered authors of the style known as magical realism.

And, similar to Gabriel Garcia Marquez who has been considered as one of Latin America’s greatest 20th-century authors, Isabel Allende has been named as third most influential. Chile , Gabriel Garcia Marquez , Isabel Allende 862 Words | 3 Pages. Argentina and essay food movie, the Free Trade Area of Americas. Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) Moving towards postneoliberal alternatives? Freie Universitat Berlin Julia Nordmann . Matrikelnummer 4463936 SS 2013 Forschungsskizze BA-Arbeit Prof. Dr. Lutz Abstract In 2005, Nestor Kirchner, president of a country that has over the years been a collaborative laboratory for neoliberal policies and US-dominated structural adjustment programs, finally voted against the institutionalization of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), one of the essay, continent’s.

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Top 10 Details to Include on a Nursing Resume. As healthcare recruiters, we reviewed thousands of nursing resumes. Unfortunately, the vast majority of them were missing multiple details that were important to the Nurse Managers and Nurse Supervisors who were largely responsible for making the hiring decisions. Moreover, missing these critical details can ultimately lead to a lower ranking within the Applicant Tracking Systems so prevalent in today’s hiring process. We hope the information provided here will help you create an amazing resume!

First, it’s important to have an idea of food movie how the hiring process typically works in order to thoroughly understand the christmas essays, importance of these critical details. On Soul? When a job opens up to essay on reproductive technologies the general public, the on soul food, healthcare employer can sometimes receive hundreds of resumes. When I Got My First Job Essay? In some cases, the resumes are electronically ranked by Applicant Tracking Systems that award higher rankings for resumes that include the critical skills and experiences sought for the job. In any case, staffing office representatives, mostly recruiters, will review the rankings and resumes and pass along the “best” candidates to on soul food movie the hiring managers. It’s important to note that being the “best” often means having a resume with all the critical details. If the information isn’t there, then the resume stands a far greater chance of being removed from the process. It’s important to note that missing these details is not the nurse’s fault. Unfortunately, the peace essay, vast majority of informational resources pertaining to resumes is essay on soul food movie, very general in nature. General resources are useful only for people with very general careers like “Sales”. These resources are mostly useless for when i got my first job essay, nurses. Meanwhile, many resources specifically related to nurse resumes offer insufficient detail.

Moreover, healthcare employers do a terrible job at conveying what they’re looking for in their job descriptions, so candidates have no clue what to include in on soul movie their resumes. Skimming the list below may leave the impression that everything on it is obvious. However, reading the details provided for each item will most likely uncover items which are missing from your nursing resume . What to Include on Your Nursing Resume. There are literally thousands of potential professional affiliations for nurses. Engagement? In most cases, employers want to know if you belong to any. For example, if you belong to the American Association of essay on soul Critical Care Nurses or the Emergency Nurses Association, then most employers would like to know this. Include the following information: Affiliation name Your date of admission Offices held Brief description of your role or reason you chose this group over stakeholder engagement essay others.

9. Honors/Awards/Special Assignments: As with every other resume, a nurse’s resume should include any honors and essay on soul food awards they’ve received. Examples include honors and awards from school, work, volunteer work, professional affiliations, and even social clubs. On Reproductive Technologies? Nurses should also include any special assignments they were given at essay food, work. Did you ever take charge duty? Did you do any scheduling or mentoring? You may choose to place these items under their own heading. Eating Christmas Kalahari? However, this isn’t necessary. You can also add them where applicable throughout the on soul food movie, rest of your resume. 8. Specific Nursing Education Details:

Including the degree you earned (ADN, ASN, BSN, MSN, etc.) is a must. Not including it increases the chances that your resume will be removed from consideration. This is because the information is often required for the resume to move through the essay on reproductive, process and movie it isn’t easily attainable by i got job essay the staffing office. So, they’ll often pass on a resume that doesn’t include the information in on soul food movie favor one that does. Provide at least the school, following information about your education: Name of school Degree earned Beginning date Completion date City, and State. You might also consider adding a description that includes achievements, awards, scholarly organizations and activities, or your GPA if it was really high. Of course, scholastic achievements are more important the earlier you are in your career, so keep that in food mind when crafting the essay, education section of your resume. Finally, you may also wish to include details on any continuing education units you’ve taken within the movie, last 2 years. Bonus: Are you bilingual?

If so, be sure to include it on your resume! According to a recent study from Wanted Analytics, “bilingual” was the second most commonly required skill listed on nursing job advertisements. 7. Nursing License and Certification Details: It is highly recommended that you include the following for your licenses: License type (LPN, RN, NP, CRNA, etc.) Licensing State/Body Name on license if different from engagement essay name on resume License expiration date License number If the on soul food, license is part of the Nurse Licensure Compact, then state it clearly. Many people argue that a nursing license number should not be included on a resume as a matter of privacy. However, nursing license numbers are a matter of public record. They can be easily obtained from when each state’s Board of Nursing using the standard information included on your resume.

Providing the license number simply makes the recruiter’s job easier. And in a competitive job market, that could make all the difference in the world. When it comes to certifications, it is highly recommended that you include the on soul food movie, following for every certification you hold: Certification name (BLS, ACLS, PALS, TNCC, etc.) Certifying body (AHA, etc) Expiration date, or date acquired if it has no official expiration date. Unlike most professions, nursing is conducted round-the-clock. Therefore, it’s best to essay convey the shifts you’re willing to work on essay movie your nursing resume.

Are you open to essay working 8, 10, and/or 12 hour shifts? Are you open to working Days, Mids, PMs, and/or Nocs? You should include this information even if you’re applying for a specific job with a specific shift. You never know if the employer has another opening that is unadvertised which you maybe qualified for. Moreover, resumes aren’t always submitted to specific job advertisements. In fact, many sources indicate that 80% of all jobs are filled through networking. Including your availability is very helpful for general job inquiries. In addition, you should indicate your willingness to relocate when applicable. These statements regarding availability can be given their own heading, but it’s best to simply add them to your Professional Summary. The healthcare industry is going electronic. Paper charting will soon be a way of the essay on soul, past.

It’s imperative to list any and all Electronic Health Record (EHR) and essay Electronic Medical Record (EMR) experience you have. According to essay on soul movie a recent study by Wanted Analytics, “Electronic Medical Record” was the most commonly required skill for nurses listed in nursing job advertisements. “Epic Software” and “Meditech”, popular EMR software packages, were also on the list. Of course, billing codes are a big part of EMRs. And both ICD10 and ICD 9 are among the most commonly listed skills in job advertisements. So if your scope of practice deals with this in any way, then be sure to add these to your resume. You may also want to include any other computer experience you have just in case it may be of on reproductive value to essay the employer, or to at least demonstrate that you have computer skills if you lack experience with EHRs and EMRs. Signifying the type of facility you worked in essay on reproductive tells the essay on soul, potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words. Essay Writers Of Music? You should know the exact designation of on soul all the facilities you worked with and if you don’t, now is the time to find out. Essay On Reproductive? Short term acute care?

Long Term Care? Long Term Acute Care? Senior Nursing Facility? In addition, if you worked at a Trauma Hospital, then you should include this on your resume along with the trauma designation (1, 2, 3, etc). If you worked at a teaching hospital, then you should include this information. Such information can be included under the specific job description in your resume’s Work History section, or in your resume’s Summary. For example, if the job listing you’re applying for lists trauma hospital experience as necessary or desired, then it’s a good idea to essay on soul identify your trauma experience in the resume Summary to make it stand out. Include the number of total beds at the facilities you worked at, as well as the number of essay beds in the specific units on which you worked. Just like the facility type, providing the number of beds tells the potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words.

We regularly saw resumes that listed things like “3 West” as the essay on soul food movie, unit. Unfortunately, only people who work at that facility know what that means. Instead, include the type of essay on reproductive technologies unit (MS, TELE, ICU, CVICU, ER, LD, etc) in order to convey the on soul food movie, message. We can’t stress enough how important this is. Also include your caseload. What was the nurse to patient ratio in this unit, and how much support was there in the form of LPNs, CNAs, or MAs? Include any other unit specific details as well.

Did the unit take trauma patients? Did the unit routinely deal with overflow from other units? If so, what types of essay patients were seen from overflow? 1. Essay Movie? Specific Details/Duties and i got job essay Accomplishments Regarding Your Nursing Experience: Up to on soul food movie this point, the focus has been on i got incidental, although very important, details. But what about the meat of your resume, the job descriptions and experiences that make up the essay movie, bulk of your resume? When it comes to this, nurses are in the precarious position of balancing duties with accomplishments.

You see, the essay writers of music, current standard recommendation for on soul movie, resumes is to peace make them accomplishment driven. The idea is that you should provide specific accomplishments, as opposed to duties, that illustrate how your work translated into quantifiable and tangible results for your current and previous employers. Essay Food? Advocates of technologies this approach advise against essay on soul food movie, listing duties on your resume. However, healthcare employers need to know that you have experience with the highly technical duties that are integral to the job you’re applying for. At the same time, they too want to i got my first know about your accomplishments. Essay Food? Therefore, it’s important to include details about the specific day-to-day duties you performed. However, at stakeholder, the same time, you don’t want to fall into the trap of creating a “duties-driven resume”. Managing this challenge represents a key difference between nursing resumes and general resumes.

Before we continue, it’s best to address the 800 pound gorilla in this conversation. Nurses sometimes have hundreds of duties and responsibilities. How do you choose which ones to list because you certainly can’t list them all? We hate to say it, but including things like, “Provided patient care” is essay movie, a complete waste of stakeholder space. Food? It’s simply too general. Our experience indicates that many nurses believe that nursing is very similar no matter where you go which may be the reason that such general statements are so often included in nursing resumes. Writers Of Music? In reality, the on soul movie, differences are stark between various facilities. For example, the Step-Down Unit at one hospital may not work with Swan-Ganz Catheters while the SDU in another hospital may. With that in mind, here are some general themes to consider when determining the types of duties to include on on reproductive technologies your resume. Essay On Soul? This list is not comprehensive, but it should help you understand the level of specificity that we’re talking about: Did you start IVs?

Did you administer medications? Which medications? What type of patients did you care for? Renal? Cardiovascular? Neuro? Ortho? Rehab? What was the age range of the patient population you cared for? What specific equipment do you have experience with?

Did you read strips? Work with vents? Trachs? Balloon pumps? Swan-Ganz? da Vinci Surgical System? Which industry-wide protocols, processes and procedures are you experienced with? For example, AIDET is stakeholder engagement essay, among the most commonly listed requirements in nursing job advertisements. Essay Food Movie? There are many similar protocols, processes and procedures throughout the engagement essay, industry, so be sure to make note of those that were used by your previous employers. Now, we’re still in the tough spot of determining exactly which skills and essay food movie duties to include on the resume. First, start by including any duties specifically mentioned in the job description that you have experience with. Next, do some research on the employer in question to find specific details that may help you decide which duties might be important to list.

Use the company website, news, and any professional connections you have in an effort to determine the types of patients, processes and procedures common to the specific employer in question. Once you have the duties narrowed down, there are a couple of ways to convey them on your nursing resume. First, you can incorporate the duties into your “accomplishment statements”. We discuss this approach below. Second, you can simply list out the duties. While this is less preferred, it is sometimes not possible to accomplish any other way. Your summary is engagement essay, a good place for this. For example, you might include the following in your resume summary if you’re applying for a position in on soul the CVICU: Proficient with starting IVs, Intra-aortic balloon pumps, 12-Lead Placements, 12-Lead Interpretation, AICD Insertion, Beta Blockers, Argotroban, Atropine and stakeholder engagement essay other cardiovascular medications.

Bonus: Given the large number of skills and duties nurses are responsible for, you may consider utilizing a “Skills Checklist” during your job search. Skills Checklists are self assessment tools commonly used throughout the healthcare industry. BluePipes provides members with free access to over 100 comprehensive skills checklists that can be completed, saved and downloaded as PDF documents. You can view a sample here. They’re a great way to convey your skills to essay potential employers. I Got Job Essay? You might consider uploading them along with your resume when applying for jobs or you can bring them to your job interviews. Considerations for Accomplishments. Now that we’ve covered duties, let’s take a look at essay on soul food, accomplishments. When I Got? First, you can try to frame duties inside “accomplishment statements” in order to knock them both out at the same time. In other words, offer an explanation about how you achieved results while performing your duties. Again, this isn’t always possible, but here are some considerations:

Did you receive recognition or awards from your previous/current employer? Did your previous/current employer receive recognition or rewards? How did performing your duties contribute to that? When framing accomplishments, it’s also useful to know how your previous and movie current employers quantified their success as an organization. Essay? For example, patient satisfaction is typically tracked with programs like HCAHPS or Press Ganey. Did your employer experience improvements with such indicators? How did performing your duties influence that? Next, it’s important to understand how your current and former employers measured your individual performance as this is essay food movie, very helpful when framing accomplishments. Nearly every healthcare employer conducts employee evaluations. Evaluations typically offer both qualitative and quantitative information that can be leveraged when framing accomplishment statements.

Again, you may choose to list specific duties you’re proficient with separate from christmas in the your accomplishments. Or, you may choose to frame the duties within your accomplishment statements. On Soul Movie? Or you may choose a combination of the two approaches. In any case, it’s important to eating christmas in the provide both job-specific duties and on soul accomplishments on technologies your nursing resume. Bonus: Healthcare is very diverse. Many hiring managers would also like to essay food movie know what other skill sets you have outside of your primary area of expertise.

Did you float to the ER or LD units when needed? If so, then you may want to provide some reference to the skills and accomplishments you achieved in these areas. General perspective on nursing resumes. This may seem like a ton of information to incorporate into a standard resume. However, nursing is not a standard profession and when i got my first concerns over resume length are becoming antiquated with the advent of Applicant Tracking Systems. Essay On Soul? Moreover, the push to force nursing and healthcare resumes to conform to the standard format that serves general professionals, like salespeople, is a disservice to both healthcare professionals and employers. Healthcare professionals often miss opportunities to essay highlight skills and experience that are highly sought after. As a result, healthcare employers often miss out on perfect candidates.

This push toward generalized conformity is even prevalent on essay food the most popular job boards, like Monster and CareerBuilder, and professional networking services like LinkedIn. Nurses and other healthcare professionals are better served by essay industry specific professional networking services like BluePipes. Food Movie? For example, BluePipes provides nurses with a profile builder capable of recording healthcare specific career details as well as the of music, ability to print the profile to PDF as a resume formatted specifically for healthcare professionals. So it’s like a cloud based resume service. It also offers several other tools that help nurses manage their careers more effectively and efficiently.

As always, your feedback is greatly appreciated. Please let us know what you think by on soul food movie posting a comment! 16 Tips To Prepare Your Nursing Resume For Applicant Tracking Systems We’ve spoken to countless nurses and other healthcare professionals who. Eating In The? How to Write the Best Nursing Cover Letter A well crafted nursing cover letter can be just as. Nursing Resume Objective or Summary?

Nurses often wonder if they should include an objective or. I am wondering how to essay food list my experience as a maternal-child float RN of 2+ years. Eating Kalahari Essays? I worked 4 different units, all quite different, ranging from food movie mom baby, to stakeholder essay peds, peds ed/uc, and essay food movie nicu. School Essay? How do i go about addressing those different areas and responsibilities and skills, when they all fell under 1 position? Thank you for the information, its very helpful. Movie? This site is of so much help to stakeholder engagement essay me. thank you, and it is also free. Food Movie? Its amazing, I just can’t appreciate it enough. I was wondering, i am a one year experience nurse at a step down ICU (PCU), I am now looking for a job in an ICU. The locations and facility i am looking at have nothing for experience nurses, but have a lot of positions for school, new nurses that want to work in ICU. I just want to essay on soul food apply to the new nurse position and 2013 i really don’t mind the pay.

Now my question is, should i just use my new grad resume with my clinical experience or i should update my resume with my one year experience and apply although the position is for new grads. please i will really appreciate any advise. thanks you. How can I include my Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC on food movie my resume. Can I include it on my credentials area on top of my resume – following my name and degree? I ask because the ANCC instructs to do so on their website. I’ll be honest it’s somewhat confusing though, at when i got my first job essay, least to me. Essay On Soul Food? I plan to include my Medsurg certification in certification section of my resume where BLS and RN licensure are, etc. I just wanted it to stand out and essay on reproductive pop so to speak – as to not have to read on to notice it. On ANCC site, on a “How to Display Your Credentials” page they instruct you to include RN- BC (Registered Nurse-Board Certified). Movie? Was hoping you could clarify or add something else. Great web site … thanks. Thanks for the inquiry, Jesse, and my sincerest apologies for the delay!

Your Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC is considered a “National Certification” and should be listed after your name at the top of of music your resume and in the Licenses and Certifications section of your resume. The order for listing credential after your name is: Highest Degree Earned State License National Certification Nationally Recognized Honors and Awards. I hope this helps! I have been working out of the acute care setting in public health nursing for movie, 7 years.

I have heard over essay and over that because I have been out of the acute care setting for food movie, so long that I don’t qualify for a lot of the essay, positions that I have applied for. Admittedly, I have not used many nursing skills for the last 7 years, except for giving immunizations and occasionally drawing blood. I have gotten very weary and feel like I will not be able to find another job, and essay on soul food movie I am really not happy with my current job. I am unsure of how to make my resume “pop” and have prospective employers want to in the kalahari essays give me a chance. On Soul? I am not looking to get back into areas that are highly skilled, but I would not mind getting back into acute care. Peace Essay 2013? Any ideas. Kurt, I am an food, RN at a VA hospital in cardiac telemetry. One of the biggest hurdles to applying at in the kalahari, any VA facility is the fact that USA Jobs is a digital screening tool as much as it is an on soul food movie, online application portal. Matching as many keywords in the functional statements for when job essay, your desired role in your application can be the difference between getting an interview and essay on soul movie being passed over. Hope this helps!

In your article you talked about whether or not your previous/current employer received recognition or rewards. I’m working on applying for when my first job essay, a position that is food, open for an orthopedic nurse after quitting my previous orthopedic nurse job. The hospital that I previously worked received recognition for their total joint replacement program. I was wondering if this would be something that is good to include as part of my resume, considering I was a part of the unit during that time for essay 2013, the hospital’s certification/recognition. On Soul Movie? If so, how would you go about including that in without making it seem just a random fact listed and school about make it more as an accomplishment for essay movie, myself also since I was a part of that unit/team during that time. Thanks for the inquiry, Jessica. When I Got My First? Yes, this is definitely something you can include on your resume. If you feel that you’re not able to expand in a way that adequately describes your role in on soul the achievement, then you may want to expand in your cover letter. On your resume, you might want to couple this team achievement with one of your own that demonstrates you were a key contributor.

For example, you might have received an individual award or a high employee evaluation score. You may also want to include this in your summary as opposed to the job description to make it stand out a little more. I hope this helps! I am an experienced OR nurse who has performed in just about essay writers of music, every surgery setting from Open heart to Ophthalmology, outpatient as well as pre-op admitting and recovery In the past I have managed a surgery department at essay food movie, a busy hospital and essay technologies also ran a surgery center. I have been fortunate to have been able to essay on soul food movie take off time to when i got my first job essay stay home and be with my children. That being said, I am worried about the years off and essay movie blank space on my resume. How would you go about essay on reproductive technologies, filling in essay the gap? I have volunteered in multiple areas at their schools, from organizing an essay writers, Emergency Preparedness fair, fundraisers and teaching Compression Only CPR. My license and continuing CEU’s have always rained current. Do you think this will make it difficult for me as I try entering the job setting?

I appreciate any suggestions you might have. Thanks for essay food movie, the inquiry. There is no steadfast rule on how to handle this situation, but there are two fundamental approaches to consider. First, you can consider a “Functional Resume.” Functional resumes are resumes that focus on writers skills instead of experiences. In your case, you would focus on all of your OR experience. You might have a small section to list your previous employers. or you may even choose to leave it out entirely. There are many examples of Functional Resumes available on the internet. Second, you could use a traditional chronological resume. In this case, you would list your experience raising the kids as one of the essay food, entries in your chronological work history. You could include details on the experiences mentioned in your comment on peace 2013 this blog post.

Again, there is no right or wrong way. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. To answer your question, yes, this situation is always a bit of challenge. However, experienced nurses are in high demand at the moment, so you should be fine. Also, I’m personally inclined to recommend the chronological format. On Soul Food Movie? The main advantage of Functional Resumes in this particular case is to essay draw attention to your skills and away from the gap in recent experience. Essay On Soul? However, employers are going to find the essay writers of music, gap no matter what. So, I think it’s best to embrace it. With the essay on soul food, chronological resume, you can still include all the applicable skills. I hope this helps! I have worked in home health and corrections for about 5 years now.

I have done a lot of basic nursing ranging from blood draws, interpreting labs, starting IVs, wound care, peritoneal dialysis, picc line care (including using clot busters) and removal. IV anti biotics, med passes small and large including mental health medication passes. I have responded to myself chest pain calls, shortness of breath, hangings, falls, knife wounds, self inflicted wounds, and essay on soul movie unresponsive patients. I have worked in school about myself a corrections hospital with acute and long term patients as well as hospice patients, but it isn’t seen as ER work even though it seems from talking to other nurses that that isn’t so far different than those working in a hospital ER.. Trying to format my resume to make my experience fit into what the Veterans Administration would want/be attracted to.. I am a soon to be retiring Military Nurse and will be transitioning to the civilian workforce. How important are listing awards? I have numerous military awards based on my work ethics and performance on the job, but I am afraid that the general public is not going to have any idea what they are or mean. Also, any good tips on turning military missions into civilian language?

Thanks for your service!! I think it’s a great idea to on soul add the awards to your resume. You could do one of two things. Simply list them out by their official name. There’s a good chance that the reviewer will search for the award on essay 2013 the internet and find it. Essay On Soul? Or, you could add a very brief description of the award in parentheses. Eating Christmas In The Kalahari? For example: X Award (earned for valor in essay on soul movie action). Either way, if you have a lot of awards, then you may want to include only the highest ranking awards. If you choose to list many of them, then put them in columns or in when i got job essay a continuous stream separated by commas to food save space. Conveying your military experience in civilian language can be challenging if you did not work in a military hospital. My apologies, but I lack the technical expertise to engagement essay provide detailed recommendations.

That said, I’d recommend reviewing the essay on soul, job descriptions for essay, the jobs you’re applying for use them to guide your efforts whenever possible. Essay On Soul Movie? I hope this helps and thanks again! I have a position working in a “float pool” (we call it the Mobile Unit). The unit is split into two different tracks, med/surg (HV general acuity patients; ortho/urology/gen/gyn surgery; neuro/ENT; Onc [recent unit merge means I don’t float here anymore]; gen med; adult psych; child/adolescent psych; Postpartum (moms and babies); inpatient rehab) and critical care track (Onc/Med/Surg IMCU; ICU; HV high acuity patients; ER; Neonatal ICU). How do I discuss bed numbers for each unit and descriptions that highlight any specific training I have had to essay on reproductive technologies play into each patient population? It seems like there’s no way for me to cover all of this detail without leaving a lot out or getting too wordy. I also accepted a critical care position, but have not transitioned yet. My husband just got a job out of state, so we have to relocate, as much as I love my current employer. This is essay, a great question; thanks for posting it here!

You’re right, you’re probably not going to be able to convey the broad spectrum of your experience without getting too wordy for your nursing resume. So, you’ll need to offer some general details as well as some specific details. When it comes to school about myself specifics, it’s best to tailor your resume to the specific job you’re applying for. Find out what they’re looking for and be sure to convey that you have the skill set, or convey relevant details about your experience. I believe this is the most important consideration for your resume. When it comes to generalizations, you could offer a description similar to the one you’ve provided here. For example: I worked on essay a Mobile Unit, or Float Pool, caring for stakeholder, Med/Surg patients 50% of the time and movie ICU patients 50% of the when i got my first job essay, time. The Med/Surg patients included Postpartum, PSYCH, general Med/Surg, and Neuro/ENT.

The ICU patients included ER, NICU and general ICU. Essay On Soul Movie? Unit sizes varied from 5 beds up to 25 beds. You might also try utilizing skills checklists to convey your experience, especially if you make it to the interview stage. Also, many applicant tracking systems allow applicants to upload documents, so you might be able to upload skills checklists there. You can complete and essay save skills checklists on BluePipes and utilize them at your convenience. I hope this information helps! My husband was an ICU nurse for 5 years (18 months of that he was an ICU travel nurse) but took 2.5 years off to on soul food movie work in another field. Essay? He’s now applying for nursing positions as we prepare to move.

Should he address the clinical gap in essay on soul food his resume? With just his last RN job listed, it looks like he last worked in eating christmas kalahari essays 2013 though he’s been employed as a youth minister since then. How should he handle this? Yes, you should address the gap in the resume. It’s fairly common for essay on soul food movie, hospitals to require the about, last 7 years of work history to essay movie be included on essay technologies their job applications. A large percentage of the hospitals I worked with had similar requirements for resumes. Unfortunately, the default assumptions when it comes to on soul movie employment gaps are all negative. Do your best to tie the essay, experience into nursing. I believe most career advisers would recommend the same. I hope this information helps!

I am applying for RN jobs, but am still waiting to take my boards (will take them within the next 1-2 months). Essay Food Movie? How should I address this on my resume? You may want to add an excerpt under Licenses and Certifications or your Summary (or wherever appropriate) that provides the date you’re scheduled to take the exam. Writers? For example: RN: Scheduled for NCLEX on July 9, 2015. I hope this helps! Thank you! I think that’s what i’ll do. For a new graduate of a second-degree BSN program, would you recommend including GPA (3.9) on a resume? Thanks for the question, Emily! Yes, I recommend adding a great GPA to your nursing resume. We discuss this in our blog post on essay food movie new grad resumes and in our blog blog post on job search tips nurses should avoid.

Many people argue that your GPA doesn’t matter. Eating Kalahari? They say that all that matters is that you’re licensed. If that were the case, then no details about you as a person, your work ethic, or achievements would matter either. And we know that’s not true. It is HIGHLY unlikely that your resume is passed over because you included your high GPA. Essay On Soul Food Movie? Meanwhile, many hospitals and hiring managers love to see it, and assign value to eating christmas kalahari essays it. So yes, by all means, add it. Essay On Soul Movie? I hope this helps!

Great work, by the way! I am wondering if I should include phone numbers for technologies, my previous employers? If yes, which number should I use – the general number, the unit, or HR? Also, some of my employment history goes back many years and the identifying information(number of beds, etc.) has changed. I do not have the correct information from when I worked there. How should I list this information? Is there a good way to find current identifying information for a hospital?

Thanks in essay on soul advance for your response. Thanks for stakeholder engagement, posting these great questions! First, there are no set rules for food, nursing resumes, so you’ll find some disagreement on almost every resume recommendation. That said, the general rule is that you should not include the contact telephone numbers for eating christmas in the essays, your previous employers on your resume. In fact, you don’t need to on soul movie include the complete address either. The city and state will suffice for your resume. On a side not, chances are that you’ll be applying for most jobs on the company’s website through an applicant tracking system. These online applications may allow you to enter the essay, telephone numbers and addresses for your former employers.

In this case, I always recommend adding every last bit of essay on soul information you can to your online applications. Again though, that’s separate from your resume. On a another side note: If you are applying for travel nursing jobs, then you should include the telephone numbers and when my first job essay the supervisor names for your previous jobs. In order to find current information for on soul, your former employers, you can use a website like The American Hospital Directory. They have a free hospital profile lookup tool. I recommend using the “advanced search” for i got my first job essay, best results. Please note that the essay on soul, links to these pages are underlined in blue. Here you will find the essay, current contact information, number of beds, teaching hospital status, trauma status, etc. If you are unable to locate the information here or if your former employers are not hospitals, then you can simply try a google search for them or try the Medicare.gov site.

If your former employer does business with Medicare, then they should be in on soul food the database with current information…assuming they want to get paid :-). Now, about eating in the, your older work history. Many resume experts recommend including only the last 10 years of work history on your resume. On Soul Movie? However, that assumes that your prior experience may no longer be applicable to your current job search. Others argue that you shouldn’t include more than 10 years of when i got work history because you don’t want to date yourself.

They’re concerned about “ageism” in the hiring process. These same people recommend not to include the essay food, dates you attended college. Ultimately, it’s up to you to include this information, I just wanted to provide some considerations. I hope this information helps. Peace Essay 2013? Please let me know if there are further questions! Help!

I have over on soul food movie 22 years of clinical experience including ICU, hemodialysis, and when outpatient surgery ctr (pre and essay on soul movie pacu), and for essay about, the last 6 years (in addition to the 22 years) I’ve been reading electronic charts to extract data and support level of care (I’m told this is utilization review by a friend but we never called it that in work). Now Ive been laid off (it was a large comp layoff). I’m trying to get into QA, UR, pre cert or case managment. On Soul? I was told I have a solid resume but I’ve gotten 3 calls in 3 months, I blew the first interview and engagement the next 2, they said they wanted CM experience. What do I need to do to get into these fields? Any suggestions? We’re sorry to movie hear about your current situation! It’s always difficult to eating christmas kalahari break into essay movie an entirely new field. However, it sounds as though you have some experience to build on. Typically, Case Management and Utilization Review require InterQual experience. If you have experience with that system, then be sure to include it on your resume.

Otherwise, see if you can obtain some training in it. Check with local and state agencies to see if there are any offerings for essay, people in your situation. Also, review the on soul food movie, specific details of each job opening and tailor your resume to include the key requirements where applicable. Check to see if there is a local association that you can network with like the Case Management Society of America for stakeholder engagement, example. Ask anyone you speak with if a Case Management Certification would improve your chances, perhaps even call the people you’ve interviewed with previously to see what they say. Movie? If so, look into certification. We hope this information helps! I have been reading through some of this thread and essay 2013 was wondering if you do any resume/cover letter revisions? I can tell you put a lot of useful/productive feedback into your responses and would value your opinion if you were to review a copy of food mine!

P.S. When you mention Computer Experience in the article above, do you suggest adding these details under each individual job (under work experience/history) the comp. experience applies to on reproductive or under a separate section such as the one you have listed as Comp. Essay On Soul Food Movie? Experience? Thank you for all your time and effort! Thanks for reaching out!

My sincerest apologies, but I do not do resume/cover letter revisions. Thanks so much for your interest though. As for essay, the computer experience, you can add it with any of the essay on soul, methods you described. The important thing is engagement, that it’s there. The resume builder on BluePipes.com lists computer experience under a separate heading. We do this as way to ensure that members recognize and record it and movie perspective employers and recruiters are able to technologies easily locate the movie, details on stakeholder engagement the members’ profiles and resumes. Essay On Soul Food? Given that EMR experience is becoming such a prevalent requirement, it’s good to peace essay have it easily accessible on your resume. However, it’s also good to essay food movie add these details under each individual job when creating your own resume. It may not be as easy to locate, but it takes up less space, avoids redundancy, and still presents the information. We hope this information helps! I am currently an essay, RN with 4 years solid experience in a 16 bed transitional care unit.

Now I’m trying to move to a more challenging position. Prior to immigrating to America I was a medical doctor for 9 years in on soul food movie ER. Would it be wise to mention that experience? …maybe describing my duties and medical college? I work in stakeholder engagement essay a program that enrolls military medic and on soul food corpsman and gives credit for their military experience towards an intensive BSN-RN program. My question is essay writers, what should the graduates highlight on their resumes? Many have extensive trauma and nursing care experience. Suggestions? Hi! I have a question / concern.

I just finished my 2nd year of nursing and on a med Surg unit. I have been asked to apply to on soul food an ICU position and I need to update my resume. I don’t know what to include. School Essay? Prior to nursing, I was a surgical tech for 16+ years and active duty for 10 years. I really enjoyed your blog and will refer to it when updating my resume!

We’re glad to hear the information was useful. Congratulations on being asked to essay on soul food movie apply for an ICU position. That’s a good sign! #128578; Sounds like you have a lot of great experience to include on your resume. We recommend focusing most attention on your recent experience in MedSurg as it is the essay, most applicable to the ICU role you’ll be applying for. However, you can also include brief descriptions of your surgical tech and active duty experience as they are certainly desirable experiences. Relate all your work history descriptions to on soul food the ICU position. To do so, find out as much as possible about the job and the unit. We hope this helps!! Oh MY! I’m sooOOO grateful to have found your blog page!

I was about to do my sister a grave disservice –as you’ve mentioned. Indeed, the day of the one page crammer is passe’. When? Especially with the value of the keyword in electronic filing. Thanks so very much; you may have saved my Sis’s resume from food movie becoming fodder for the shredder. In The Essays? [[shudder]] We’re glad to hear the on soul food movie, information is useful.

To be clear, 1 page resumes are still useful, particularly for job fairs or any other instance where the resume will be given directly to an individual. However, in most cases, people are attaching their resume in an Applicant Tracking System. In this case, it’s still good to be brief and essay choose your words wisely. Don’t be overly verbose and don’t “keyword stuff.” However, you also shouldn’t be worried about a 2-3 page resume if your background requires it. Be sure to tailor the resume’s wording to the job posting where applicable based on your background. We hope this helps!

Thank you for this article! I realized that my resume was not up to par by movie reading this. Essay Of Music? I had many generalized statements, which I have replaced with information on what I really did on the day to day. I recently worked at a hospital for 4 months and resigned due to it not being a good fit. It was a cardiac surgery step down unit, so it gave me experience with tele that I have not had in my 5 years as a nurse. Should I include it on my resume?

You’re welcome! We’re glad to essay on soul food movie hear you found the information useful. Essay Writers? This is a tough question. I assume you’re asking because you’re concerned that the short employment duration might raise some questions in the minds of potential employers. That’s a valid concern. On the flip side, you did gain some valuable experience that would be great to on soul food movie add to your nursing resume. There is another issue to consider. Hospitals often have strict policies requiring that healthcare professionals provide them with every last bit of the healthcare professional’s employment history. Omitting a previous job on peace your employment application could be grounds for dismissal depending on how they have their clauses worded. Of course, this depends on their ability to on soul food movie verify the omitted employment.

This may not necessarily affect you during the candidate review process when your resume is typically the document they’re working off of. However, if you land a job offer, then they’ll eventually require an application to completed. If you choose to myself add the omitted job at movie, that point, then you’ll have some explaining to do. Utltimatly, the decision is yours. If you choose to add the employment to your resume, then you may want to offer a brief explanation of why you left in engagement your cover letter.

It’s all about the story you tell. We hope this helps. This is all great information but I do have a question. I am a recent BSN grad and licensed RN trying to land my first job. Would you recommend including my preceptorship under clinical experience or as work experience?

I have seen it both ways in examples online. Thanks, Kristin. We’re glad to essay on soul movie hear this information on was useful. When? You’re correct, you’ll find preceptorship experience displayed both ways…under clinical and on soul movie work experience. To further confuse the issue, some people believe that clinical experience and work experience are one and essay the same while others believe they are two different things entirely. We view the preceptorship as something akin to a highly advanced internship. On Soul Food Movie? For all intents and purposes, it is work experience. However, it doesn’t constitute a traditional employment relationship.

Therefore, feel free to include it under either category on technologies your resume, but be sure to clearly indicate that it’s your preceptorship. On a side note, we cannot stress enough the importance of professional networking when landing your first job. 70%-80% of on soul food all jobs are obtained through networking. While your resume is important, networking is the key…especially for new grads. We hope this information helps. Best of school myself luck!!

Great info – I could have used that for my last job application! Do you have any tips / strategies to prepare for on soul, job interviews? I am finding these horribly stressful and hard to get my point across even when I know I’d be really good at the job I’m applying for. Thanks, Heidi! We don’t have any blog posts regarding interviews yet.

Thanks for essay, the suggestion. We’ll explore the topic soon. Thank you! This is very informative. Do you have any sample resume and application letter? We’re glad to hear the essay food movie, information is in the kalahari essays, useful, Meth! Yes, you can view our sample nursing resume which you can create for free as a member of on soul movie BluePipes. You can view our recommendations on writing a nursing cover letter. We hope this helps! I LOVE this information! Thank you.

Here’s my question. I have had several careers, all with different education components, dating back to the mid 1980’s. When I Got? How far back should I go? None relate to my current field (new nursing graduate). It’s been a long time since I’ve actually developed a resume and things have changed…Plus, this career doesn’t match those careers….

Is it appropriate to ask a nursing instructor to be a reference? Are references included now-a-days? Many, many thanks! We’re glad to on soul food movie hear the information is helpful!! Congratulations on your recent graduation from nursing school! Yes, it’s a great idea to ask an instructor to be a reference. Stakeholder? Unfortunately, your questions regarding what to include on movie your resume aren’t so cut and peace essay 2013 dry. I think it’s fair to say that the vast majority of career consultants would say you shouldn’t put references on on soul movie a resume.

However, if you could get a redeeming quote from a strong reference, like an when, instructor, to essay on soul put in your resume summary, then it could be an eye catcher. You’re right, things have changed! We recommend reviewing our article on optimizing your resume for applicant tracking systems. Essay On Reproductive Technologies? However, one thing is as true today as it ever has been…networking is the essay, single best approach to stakeholder essay landing a job. On Soul? We discuss the importance in our article with recommendations for New Grad RNs. It’s tough to recommend that you leave off your past education. I’d say it would be good to add any College level education as well as healthcare related education. We hope this helps!! Best of essay about myself luck! Excellent information! Nursing is essay food movie, a second career for me and trying to put together a winning nursing resume has been a challenge.

You are right on essay 2013 the money….the resume I had for essay, my corporate career doesn’t translate well into the healthcare field. I am currently looking for a new position and realized what I had on my resume wasn’t going to work. Eating In The Essays? I was destined to be one of those that got lost in the system. The tips you provided have been so helpful. I feel confident that I am submitting a resume that will get me noticed. Thank you again for providing such valuable information. Congratulations on your new career path! We’re so glad you found this information useful.

We wish you the best of luck in on soul food your job search. We hope you’ll consider joining BluePipes.com where you can create a resume, access skills checklists for stakeholder essay, free, and essay on soul food build your healthcare professional network. Please excuse my shameless sales pitch #128578; Please let us know if we can help with any questions. I have read this post with great interest. Due to a job opportunity for my husband, we moved from peace essay KS to PA in 2012. Essay Movie? Even securing an interview has been daunting! I have gotten some feedback from 2013 ‘ recruiters’ in a large hospital in Pittsburgh, which was to essay movie be sure to apply to the job requirements, which interestingly were two pages long. Essay? How is that possible? The other problem I suspect I have is the fact I have more than 20 years as a registered nurse.

It seems the practice of the three major ‘players’ in this area, is to lay off their experienced nurses, in favor of hiring new grads and those with ‘ at essay on soul movie, least a year experience’. When Job Essay? I did secure an essay movie, interview which ended favorably; just short of peace a job offer. The next step at this particular hospital required by the nurse recruiter, was to list ALL OF MY EXPERIENCE. Essay? I have been in in the nursing since 1974! LPN in essay on soul 1977 and essay on reproductive technologies BSN in on soul food movie 1989. When she responded to my email outlining all this information, which took me more than 2 hours to eating kalahari complete, was ‘we want to on soul movie make certain we give you recognition for all the years you have been a nurse. AND, that was the essay writers, last I heard from them.

I contend she realized I would have to start at the upper end of compensation for my experience. Essay On Soul? Do you know of anyone who may be advocating for the ‘older nurse?’ Never thought I would use those words to describe myself… I am so much more than my age. I am effective, reliable, comprehensive in writers of music my assessments, professional role model and delightful as a team member. Please give me some feedback relating to these concerns. On Soul? I am ready to essay of music consult with the department of labor regarding this ‘alleged practice’ to essay movie decrease costs per fte.I think it’s a shame! really good information here! I was updating my resume as I was reading your tips – will definitely share with friends and collegues.

Thank you so much! Hello, This was very thorough advice. I’ve yet to figure how to be concise yet detailed with these tips in when my first job essay mind. I have almost 2 years experience in In-Patient Psychiatry and food SNF just because those were the two jobs I landed. However, I always wanted to do LD or NICU. I did my preceptorship in 2011 in LD. Essay On Reproductive Technologies? How can I use my experience and essay movie make it appealing for LD again? We’re glad to hear that you found the information useful!

You can view the BluePipes sample resume to get an idea for formatting yours. Please bear in in the kalahari essays mind that our site generates a PDF document and you could get more compact results with a word processor like Microsoft Word. Essay On Soul Movie? Also, you might be interested in reading our post on resume length. You can find creative ways to translate your Psych and school SNF experience to NICU and L#038;D. However, you most likely won’t be able to address the unique technical skills required for these units.

You could look for volunteer opportunities working with pregnant women and newborns in your community. While it’s always tough to find time to movie volunteer, you’ll be doing a great service for your community and peace essay getting some relevant experience to add to your resume. Thank you for this very interesting article. I have been an essay movie, RN for 9 years; 4 years at the bedside and 5 years in a hospital-based surgical practice doing outpatient, telehealth and some inpatient care. I would like to peace transition back to the bedside but feel that my lack of direct patient care over the last 5 years may be hamstringing me. How can I turn this perceived negative into a positive and at least get through the front door of the interview process? You’re welcome, we hope you found the article useful. Yours is a legitimate challenge that many nurses share. Essay Movie? With respect to your resume, you should focus on demonstrating how your recent experience translates to bedside nursing. While we’re not familiar with your specific scenario, we’re certain that there are aspects of myself your experience with outpatient, telehealth and inpatient care that translate to bedside nursing.

Carefully review the essay, job duties and qualifications of eating christmas in the kalahari bedside nurses, and not just those found in the job descriptions of online job postings, to get ideas for framing your recent experience in a way that applies to bedside nursing. Essay? Next, focus on writing an excellent nursing cover letter in which you present yourself as a solution to the problems facing the employer in question. Of course, you’re still going to have some difficulties ranking highly in the applicant tracking system due to the lack of recent bedside experience. Therefore, networking is essay writers of music, a must. Nearly 40% of essay on soul all new-hires are the result of employee referral. Engagement Essay? With 9 years of experience, you’re bound to have some connections and now is the time to leverage them. We realize this type of job searching can feel unorthodox, but its success rate is too good to neglect it.

Use professional networking sites like BluePipes and LinkedIn to essay on soul movie enhance your networking efforts. Essay On Reproductive Technologies? Finally, we’ve spoken to many nurses who tout the benefits of refresher courses for bedside nursing. On Soul Food? While we aren’t familiar with such courses, the fact that many nurses recommend them is an indication that they should be further researched as a potential tool when facing your challenge. Essay About Myself? We hope this information helps…and Good Luck!! i have a question regarding applying to nursing positions. I am a new grad RN and have several nursing job applications that have been under review for over a month. Last week I became certified in ACLS and was wondering how to go about informing the hospitals that I am waiting to hear back from that I am newly certified in this skill, since it is not on my resume that they have on on soul food file (that I originally sent in). Congratulations on 2013 your recent achievements! This is a great question. Essay? You may be able to log in to essay of music the hospitals’ applicant tracking systems (the online system you most likely used to apply) and update your resume and/or profile. Either way, you may also want to give them a call, ask for the staffing office and pose this question to essay on soul movie the representative you speak with.

We find that hospitals are quite responsive to on reproductive technologies candidate inquiries relative to other employers. We hope these recommendations help, and we’d love to hear back about on soul, what actions you take and how they work out. Good luck! I completely disagree that availability should be included on the resume. When a nurse applies for a position it is usually clear what hours that he/she is applying to work. I actually think it’s a bit juvenile to put availability on your resume. What I do think that many nurses omit is a well-crafted cover letter to accompany their resume.

The additional touch of a thoughtful and appropriate cover-letter can help give you an edge over other applicants who omit this step. Writers? I found some good details on cover letters for nurses here: http://bit.ly/1dDy8If . Thanks for the feedback, Brittney. Including availability on a nursing resume is essay on soul movie, important for many reasons. Stakeholder? First, the job applied for isn’t the on soul food, only job available, and most jobs are never advertised so candidates will never really know about all of the writers of music, available jobs with a particular employer. Second, job specs don’t always display every last pertinent detail. With respect to availability, this can mean that a job advertised for day shifts might in-fact be for mid shifts, or pm shifts. This happens frequently when the job board technology limits the employer’s ability to accurately display the shifts.

Third, job specs often change on the back-end and essay on soul food are never updated on school myself the front-end. So a job that’s advertised for days may have changed to nights without being updated on the job board. Fourth, due to the proliferation of applicant tracking systems, resumes are added to a searchable database these days. So resumes are searchable for future job openings. Finally, recruiters will almost always contact the candidate with the most attributes in common with any given job description. So in all of the scenarios described above, a recruiter will be more prone to contact the candidate with matching availability assuming all else is equal. Finally, it’s true that nursing resumes should always be tailored for a specific job description when a specific job is essay food movie, being applied for. School Essay? However, a plurality of jobs are filled via networking and referrals. In such cases, it’s rare that a specific job is on soul, being applied for.

Instead, a candidate passes their resume along to a contact who has connections with the employer in eating christmas question. On Soul Food? The resume is reviewed for potential matches with available jobs and the candidate is contacted. Again, availability is stakeholder, one detail that recruiters and hiring managers are looking for. Lastly, we agree that cover letters are important and related to this topic. However, they necessitate their own discussion and we plan on addressing this in a future blog post. This is essay on soul, great information! As a new graduate RN with no prior experience in the healthcare field what would you recommend? I have over 4 years in retail but I’m not sure if this would make much of 2013 a difference for recruiters. Any help is greatly appreciated, thanks!

Hi there! Wow this information is great! Although I’m still an undergraduate, I find this site very helpful for tips to keep in mind when applying for a job! I just had a concern that may affect my decision within the Nursing field… For a while, I was thinking of on soul food minoring in something in addition to Nursing that I can apply to the work field. I know that computer knowledge is a great booster for my first, a resume, but I wanted to know if there were any other skills hospitals are looking for in their RNs?

Thank you again for the detailed explanations! Thanks, Michele! We’re glad you found the information useful! Yes, computer knowledge is a great booster for the resume. Essay Food? You can look into Health Care Informatics as an option for a minor or additional coursework. You may also consider Healthcare Management or Administration, Nutritional Sciences, Biology, Sign Language, or Spanish. In fact, Spanish is a huge selling point these days. As a side note: make the absolute most of your preceptorship.

Be at your best and use the opportunity to network with everyone you can. We hope this information helps!! Please let us know if you have any other questions. This is great information! Thank you! I am wondering though, as a RN with 1 year of experience in the CVICU, trying to move, with most places wanting more experience than that for hire, how should I market myself? I have done all of essay about these critical care elements, but just not a ton of it. Before nursing school, I was a critical care telemetry tech for 3 years and a hospital pharmacy tech of 3 years as well as a SNE(student nurse extern) during school. Because it is not nursing, but healthcare related, should I include it in my resume? It seems juvenile but pertinent to food add some experience. Thanks!

We’re happy to hear you found the eating in the essays, information helpful, Dashia! You pose an excellent question regarding the inclusion of non-RN healthcare experience on your resume. There isn’t a steadfast rule, unfortunately, and you’re going to on soul movie find that some people will say yes and some people will say no. I fall in the yes camp and school about myself believe you should include all healthcare related experience on your resume for several reasons. First, it demonstrates progression within the essay food, general field of healthcare. Essay? Second, it conveys additional experience within the field that other candidates may not have. Third, in essay on soul food many cases (and certainly in your case) the in the kalahari essays, experience is related to food the jobs you’re applying for. Fourth, it may help you stand out from other candidates with otherwise similar experience. Essay? Fifth, unbeknownst to essay food many candidates, many hospitals require your last 7 to 10 years of work history regardless of whether or not it was healthcare related.

While this requirement doesn’t factor into their candidate selection process, they will certainly collect the information at some point during the essay, hiring process. Essay On Soul? Finally, it may help your resume rank higher in applicant tracking systems. I hope this information helps! This information is very helpfull. Hi.

I obtained an MD degree overseas before I even started getting licensed here as RN. I was told it would not help or matter anymore if I include that in my resume. What would you suggest? Hey Liza, I hope all is well. I recommend including your overseas education.

I agree that it most likely will not influence the when i got my first, initial resume screening process. Essay? However, it could have influence later in essay myself the process. You may not want to make it a significant part of your resume, but I think including it is better than not. It certainly enhances your personal story. Do you have an example resume? Hey Michaele, My apologies for the delay. We’ve been busy transferring our blog to this new domain.

We do not have an example nurse resume that we’re able to publish to the blog at this time. However, we will work on on soul food movie getting one up soon. Also, I recommend becoming a member on BluePipes where your professional profile will allow you to record the top 10 details recommended for nursing resumes in my first job essay this article. You can then print your BluePipes profile as a resume. Thanks so much!! This clarifies a lot for on soul movie, me. I am a new LPN attempting to essay on reproductive start my career in a new state and have read a lot of advice on on soul movie Nurses.com that is wrong. I’ll take the advice of a recruiter over general opinions anytime.

Most on the other sites were saying NEVER to include your license # details until you actually get a job offer. Then I just applied to one that specifically asked that I provide that info as well as any certifications on my resume in order to be considered. I was hesitant since all the threads warn of i got protecting it at all cost due to identity theft? I’m glad you clarified this and essay on soul food some other points. I do have one question that is not addressed in your article. If you are continuing your education to receive your BSN or MSN for example would mentioning that on your resume make a candidate more desirable to potential employers or would you leave that off? Hey Aimee, I’m glad to hear that you’ve found the information useful. Great question!! I think it’s a great idea to add your education in progress to your resume. I recommend including an estimated completion date and perhaps even the number of units completed to on reproductive technologies date. There are several reasons adding your education in progress could be beneficial.

First, it could result in a higher ranking by the Applicant Tracking System. Second, it shows that you’re interested in advancing your knowledge and your career. Third, it demonstrates your own personal motivation. As for the identity theft claims: Your license number is a matter of public record already. On Soul Movie? Anybody can go to stakeholder engagement essay your state board of nursing and search by name to verify your state license, which includes the license number. So, even letting someone know your name, that you’re a registered nurse, and the state you’re licensed in essay food movie provides the means to easily obtain your license number. Providing it on your resume simply allows the on reproductive technologies, human resources rep to skip this step. Which increases the chance that your resume will be passed up the chain. Essay Food? And remember, you’re attaching your resume in secure Applicant Tracking Systems, many of which also ask for your Social Security Number and Date of Birth (although some states prohibit employers from asking for SSN on essay job applications). I recently completed my ADN, passed the NCLEX, and now I am working on my resume. I already have a BA and MSW, which I will include on my resume, but I am wondering how I can state that I intend to pursue a BSN, although have not yet applied and essay on soul movie don’t have credits towards the degree.

Thanks for your advice. Congratulations on your recent achievements! You pose a great question regarding RN resumes, one for which there is no steadfast answer. My belief is eating kalahari essays, that it wouldn’t be appropriate to include the information in the Education section of your resume because you haven’t yet been accepted to a BSN program. However, you could certainly add it there once accepted to a program. Until then, you could make brief mention of this information in essay on soul your nursing resume summary. We hope you find this response useful. Please feel free to post any follow-up or additional questions you may have. Good luck!! I have an additional question regarding previous education that I haven’t seen asked by anyone.

I’m an peace essay, older new grad. I recently had someone look at essay on soul food, one of my resumes and give me her input. She deleted all but my nursing education (Associates Degree). In some ways I think it’s not a bad idea since the previous education dates me if I include the years I attended (which I don’t but suppose that omission might make HR wonder). On the other hand, I attended highly regarded universities for undergrad and grad studies, not to mention it shows I have a Bachelors even though it’s not in the sciences. It seems like the RN to BSN courses are more human and social science courses, rather than science courses, however, and that is the majority of my BA.

OK… That’s some background info, now I’ll get to essay about myself the point #128578; I know that resumes should cover only the food, last 10 years of employment history. Do you think this ‘rule’ also applies to education? Should I leave it to discuss in an interview (as recommended by the person who revised my resume)? I’m feeling very conflicted about this. The new resume doesn’t feel like me, my degrees can be related to the psycho-social aspect of nursing, and when you fill in the online application portion they ask for all education (although you usually have to stakeholder add on education). I would greatly appreciate your insight and recommendation. My sincerest apologies for the delay. Congratulations on on soul food your recent graduation! This is a tough situation.

Both sides of the argument have merit. Moreover, there really aren’t any steadfast rules about resumes…only staunch opinions. To me, your nursing resume and cover letter are all about telling your story in a way that convinces the reader you’re the right person for the job while providing them with the details they need. Personally, I’d keep the education details on the resume, and use a brief portion of the i got my first, cover letter to movie tie that education into the story about you being the stakeholder essay, best candidate for the job in question. On Soul Food? Given the information you’ve provided about engagement, your previous education, it sounds as though you have a great opportunity to do just that. Again, there is no right or wrong answer here. You may even try it both ways. Some readers will appreciate it one way and other will appreciate it another. However, I’m of the belief that all education is valuable.

I hope this information helps. Essay? We’d love to hear back about essay on reproductive technologies, how it all works out!!

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Adult with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Dear writer, Please use Please use Australian current journals, books, etc One page list of problems and interventions (referenced) included Rest of the essay on soul food movie, inform for when my first job essay, this essay is on the upload inform. Thank you. Essay Food! Assessment 2: Case study Essay. For this assessment you can select either Essay Case 1 (the paediatric case) or Essay Case 2 (the adult case). When I Got My First Job Essay! Essay Case Option 1: Infant following repair of a Patent Ductus Arteriosis. It is food, 10am and Annabelle is a 4 month old infant who has returned to i got job essay the Paediatric Cardiac Care Unit after a surgical repair of her Patent Ductus Arteriosis (PDA). Her PDA was first identified at her six week post delivery check-up. Annabelle’s mother noticed that she was not gaining weight prior to on soul food movie the first paediatrician visit. She states “Belle doesn’t seem interested in feeding, and i got job essay seems to go to sleep or pull off the breast mid way through a feed.” Annabelle’s mother also states that Annabelle seems to sleep a lot and doesn’t seem to have the same energy levels as her eldest child did when he was a baby. Prior to her surgery, Annabelle’s assessment included the following: pale, diaphoretic infant who appears small in size and scrawny with minimal subcutaneous fat tissue.

Bare weight is 5.125 kgs (approximately 10th percentile). She has rapid breathing with RR 50 breaths / minute and essay on soul food congested sounds which is typical finding in infants with PDA. Her medical record stated she was born at term and her birth weight 3.5 kgs (75th percentile). Annabelle has a small thoracotomy incision in her left axillary region which is covered by a dressing. Her post-operative observations are RR 48 breaths/min, HR 152 beats/min normal sinus rhythm, BP 95/55, Oxygen Saturation 94%, Temp 37.2C. Annabelle is crying but no tears are present, her eyes are shut tightly, her brows are drawn together in a frown and she has an open and when i got job essay square shaped mouth. As you try to inspect her dressing she pulls her arm away. Annabelle has intravenous therapy of 0.9% Normal Saline (NaCl) infusing at 22mls per hour. Annabelle was fasting for hours prior to her surgery. She was last breastfed at essay on soul food movie 3am during the night.

Her mother states her nappy was wet about when my first job essay, 6am prior to food surgery and her current nappy is dry. School About Myself! Annabelle is ordered a nurse controlled analgesia (NCA) infusion of Morphine to commence at essay movie 0.01mg//kg/hour which equates to 0.05mg/hour of Morphine Sulphate IV continuously to run as a side line to her fluid infusion. This has not yet been commenced as there was an emergency in the Operating Room Suite. Essay Case Option 2: Adult with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) David is a 72 year old male admitted to the medical ward this morning with an infective exacerbation of his Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). David has a history of essay, smoking since he was a teenager but finally managed to quit 3 years ago when he was diagnosed with COPD. David had noticed he had been coughing more throughout the night and his sputum had turned a thick green colour. He has also reported that he had not eaten or drank much in the two days before his admission as he was feeling so unwell. As you examine his mouth you note his tongue is white and his lips are cracked and dry.

The urine bottle on the side of his bed contains a small amount of essay food, dark amber urine. David’s weight on admission was 55kgs and he is 176cms tall. Essay On Reproductive! He is currently receiving 3rd hourly nebulised ventolin and is on 2L/min of oxygen via the nasal prongs. His observations are HR 90/min, RR 26, Oxygen saturation 92%, Temperature 37.8 o C. He has an IV cannula insitu and on soul food movie is his medical chart shows that he is prescribed 6 hourly IV hydrocortisone and IV antibiotics. When you enter the on reproductive technologies, room to ask David how he is feeling you notice that he is sitting up on the side of his bed leaning over essay on soul movie his bedside table and coughing. Peace Essay! He is pale and seems to be using his shoulders and upper chest as he breathes. As you listen to his chest with the stethoscope you can hear coarse crackles and there seems to be decreased air entry in essay on soul food, both lower lobes. He also has a prolonged expiratory phase. He responds that “I can’t seem to get my breath, and my mouth is so dry and christmas in the kalahari essays I can’t seem to cough this stuff up.” For this essay, select either Essay Case Option 1 (the paediatric case) or Essay Case Option 2 (the adult case). Every patient you care for is likely to have a number of actual and potential health related problems.

There are at essay on soul food least three (3) priority problems that the patient is experiencing currently. List at least three priority problems you have identified from the above data and history. School Essay About Myself! For each problem identified, list as many nursing interventions as you have discovered in your research of the literature. Include a one to two line rationale for each intervention. Submit this one page list with your essay. Please be aware that the main focus should be the essay itself and essay food not this one page list which is essentially a map or plan of your thinking about the case. We have asked for this page as sometimes students choose incorrect priority problems so this page will allow us to see if it was a problem with identification or prioritisation. As with any academic writing it should be referenced and you can include these references in your main essay reference list.

Your main focus should be the essay. For your essay, you must prioritise the problems you identified and select the two highest priority problems from your list. The 2000- word essay should cover the points below: · Introduction (150 words): State an eating christmas, overview of the patient’s condition and identify the TWO priority nursing problems. Give a brief plan for the essay topics. · For the first problem (850 words): Briefly explain how it relates to essay on soul the patient’s assessment data. You will need to draw on your understanding of of music, pathophysiology to essay explain the link between the problem and the patient’s signs and symptoms. Identify TWO priority nursing interventions to address the problem. Discuss briefly the nursing interventions you will implement (explain what is involved in implementing the intervention, why it is suitable, any relevant positive or negative aspects/considerations) and engagement support/justify the use of these interventions with reference to current evidence-based literature. Outline the evaluation criteria/data that would indicate that each intervention is improving or resolving the identified problem. · For the second problem (850 words): Briefly explain how it relates to essay food the patient’s assessment data. You will need to on reproductive draw on on soul food your understanding of pathophysiology to explain the eating christmas in the, link between the problem and on soul movie the patient’s signs and symptoms Identify TWO priority nursing interventions to address the school essay, problem. Discuss briefly the nursing interventions you will implement (explain what is movie, involved in implementing the intervention, why it is suitable, any relevant positive or negative aspects/considerations) and support/justify the use of these interventions with reference to current evidence-based literature.

Outline the in the essays, evaluation criteria/data that would indicate that each intervention is food, improving or resolving the identified problem. Writers Of Music! · Conclusion (150 words): Briefly restate the patient’s condition and problems and how the nursing interventions can benefit the patient’s health. You need to essay food discuss at least one independent nursing intervention in kalahari essays, your essay. On Soul Movie! For any collaborative nursing interventions you use you must discuss the nursing responsibilities and actions in relation to i got my first job essay this collaborative intervention. Medications cannot be both of your chosen collaborative interventions for a problem. If a medication is one of your collaborative interventions you must identify an appropriate drug that is likely to be/or has been prescribed by the doctor (in the case options some medications have already been prescribed).

You must also consider and on soul movie discuss the nursing responsibilities associated with the school about myself, medication (action, dose, side effects, prevention and management of same, administration requirements, evaluation). Refer to current academic peer-reviewed journal articles to essay justify your ideas. Format of Assessment 2. -All questions should be attempted and written in essay format. -Margins: 2cm on 4 sides; line spacing: at least 1.5; Font size: 12. -Adherence to writers of music the stated word limit is required. Food Movie! -QUT APA referencing style. Technologies! -A full reference list is required at the end of the assignment. List of problems and interventions for Essay Case Option 2 the adult case. Problem 1: Ineffective Airway Clearance.

Auscultate breath sounds. The nurse should note adventitious breath sounds such as crackles, wheezes and rhonchi. Rationale for this intervention: some level of bronchospasm is present with obstructions within the airway and might or might not be manifested with adventitious sounds (Avsar, 2011). Evaluate or monitor the essay food movie, respiratory rate. The nurse should note the essays, inspiratory/expiratory ratio. Rationale for this intervention: Tachypnia is commonly present to some extent and might be pronounced on essay movie admission or during stress or concurrent acute infectious process. Reduce environmental pollution, for instance by minimizing smoke and dust. Rationale. Dust and smoke are precipitators of allergic type respiratory reactions that could aggravate or set off onset of acute episode (Vijayan, 2013).

Problem 2: Impaired Gas Exchange. Evaluate respiratory depth and rate. The nurse should note the of music, use of accessory muscles, inability to essay on soul food converse or speak, and pursed-lip breathing. Rationale: this intervention is important in assessing the extent of respiratory distress and/or chronicity of the illness process (Stone et al., 2014). Elevate head of the bed, and the nurse should help the patient to i got job essay assume a position that makes breathing easy. Rationale: delivery of oxygen might be improved through upright position, and breathing exercises to decrease the collapse of the airway, the work of breathing, and food dyspnea (Johnston et al., 2011). Problem 3: Imbalanced Nutrition. The patient should be encouraged by the nurse to rest for christmas essays, a duration of 1 hour before and after meals. Give frequent small feedings.

Rationale: this will hel.

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essay world war one About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. On Soul Food Movie? Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Its conduct was intense. Its impact on military operations was revolutionary. Its human and peace essay 2013 material costs were enormous.

And its results were profound. The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of these constituted the Allied and essay on soul movie Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. They were opposed by the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and ancient ethnic rivalries.

Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on writers, 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August. Germany declared war on essay movie, France on 3 August and invaded Belgium. France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to enter the i got job essay, war on the side of France and Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia on 6 August. France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. On Soul Movie? Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of war than was the case in the past.

They have sought instead to understand the fears and ambitions of the governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for war, particularly that of when my first, imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions. Of the powers involved in the outbreak of war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. The French hoped to recover the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at restitution rather than acquisition. Essay Food Movie? Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount.

The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige. These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of events. The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the threat of Serb nationalism and Panslavism. The Germans feared the consequences to themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated.

The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and authority as protector of the stakeholder engagement essay, Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia. The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of their German neighbours. Essay? France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia. This it was imperative to defend. The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of all they feared for eating in the, the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and essay food Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for a decade. All governments feared their peoples. Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and encouraging a return to patriotic values. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and engagement transforming everything it touched. The process of expansion did not end in essay on soul movie, August 1914.

Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon events. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the christmas kalahari essays, Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. In the following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and essay declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate. Serbia was overrun.

The road to Constantinople was opened to the Central Powers. Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the i got my first job essay, Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. Essay On Soul? It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and decisive. Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and oil did much to keep Germany in the war for another two years. Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war. School Essay? Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and world-wide dilemmas. They also had world-wide friends.

Germany found itself at essay on soul food movie, war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for the defence of India helped bring the British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in essay on reproductive technologies, November 1914 and resulted in a major war in the Middle East. Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. The American declaration of essay on soul movie, war on Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the United States but also in that of Europe and the world, bringing to when my first job essay an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in on soul movie, 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Western Front in France and when Belgium the French and on soul food their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of attrition against essay writers the German army. Movie? Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and technologies sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications. Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of on soul, machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous.

The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to eating kalahari defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank of the French armies. The plan met with initial success. The advance of the German armies through Belgium and food northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat. France was saved by the iron nerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of character to extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and order the historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to entrench. Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier.

Although the events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position. The German army held the strategic initiative. It was free to i got job essay retreat to positions of tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of essay on soul food movie, France's military casualties were incurred in myself, 1914. These included a tenth of the on soul food, officer corps. German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth.

These realities dominated the second phase of the war in the west. This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918. It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the German armies from French and Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the writers of music, Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and more especially during the food movie, Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on the German line: in the spring of 1915 in Artois; in the autumn of 1915 in Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and the absence of achievement. Little ground was gained.

No positions of strategic significance were captured. Casualties were severe. The failure of the Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in the French army. For much of the rest of school myself, 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action. The British fared little better.

Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to breaching the German line. During the battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of food, Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at great cost to themselves, but the German line held and no end to the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the peace essay, war in the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. On Soul Movie? This saw Germany once more attempt to achieve victory with a knock-out blow and essay about myself once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success. The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. But the British line held in front of Amiens and later to the north in front of Ypres. No real strategic damage was done.

By midsummer the on soul movie, German attacks had petered out. The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in July. At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the British struck the German army a severe blow. For the rest of the war in the west the Germans were in in the essays, retreat. On the essay on soul movie, Eastern Front in Galicia and Russian Poland the Germans and school essay myself their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia. Here the distances involved were very great. Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and cavalry could operate effectively.

This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on on soul, the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by eating in the kalahari essays German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. German military superiority was apparent from the start of the war. The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war. They also established the military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and essay food movie General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of engagement, Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and essay on soul food movie the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia.

They also proved costly to Austria. Austria had a disastrous war. Italian entry into the war compelled the Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Serbia in the Balkans; against Russia in Galicia; against Italy in the Trentino. This proved too much for essay myself, Austrian strength. Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to on soul food the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions. By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to seek a victory in school essay about myself, the west in the spring of 1918. Perceptions of the essay food movie, Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out of the war. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Franco-British alliance.

Without the Russian contribution in the east it is far from certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the essay, Bukovina and large parts of essay on soul food movie, Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to essay Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to food movie dislodge the Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in a major Italian defeat at Caporetto. I Got? The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of essay on soul movie, purpose and a greater degree of organization. On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the Piave and split the Austrian armies in two at Vittorio Veneto. Engagement Essay? Austrian retreat turned into rout and then into surrender.

In the Balkans the Serbs fought the Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of servicemen killed of any belligerent power. Food Movie? In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to Macedonia to operate against stakeholder essay the Bulgarians. It struggled to have any influence on the war. The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and British eventually broke out of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918. In the food movie, Middle East British armies fought the when job essay, Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Here the war was characterized by essay on soul movie the doggedness of Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and disease. The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the essay, war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at the end of the year, having failed to essay on soul food movie break out from their narrow beach-heads in the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders.

The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. V. F. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to surrender at Kut-al-Amara in April 1916. Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to the command of British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to peace essay 2013 assert itself. Essay Movie? Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in Egypt. He captured Jerusalem by eating kalahari essays Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in food, Palestine. Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to tropical Africa. Germany's colonies in West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of 1915.

In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known. On and in the kalahari under the oceans of the on soul, world, Great Britain and i got Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and the North Sea. The British generally had the better of these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation. Submarine warfare took place in the North Sea, the essay food, Black Sea, the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic. German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of ruin. German violation of international law and sinking of American ships also helped bring the United States into the war on the Allied side. The British naval blockade of Germany, massively reinforced by school myself the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in German defeat. The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for political and military leaders to control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime.

Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable. The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to essay food movie replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of power'. Rationality went out of season. War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the 2013, war on proclaimed principles of international law and in defence of the rights of food, small nations. By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. It was truly a war of illusions. Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'. This belief was not based on complacency.

Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the eating christmas in the kalahari essays, Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to food be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and treasure. No state could be expected to on reproductive sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to these assumptions was the food, American Civil War. This had been studied by European military observers at stakeholder engagement, close quarters. Most, however, dismissed it.

This was particularly true of the on soul food, Prussians. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and essay technologies France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. Movie? These wars were both short. They were also instrumental. Christmas In The Kalahari Essays? In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the success of their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on essay on soul movie, the ability of the German army to defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in the west. Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows.

Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in when my first job essay, his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to the war satisfactory to on soul movie its interests and those of my first, its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. His bloody attempt to win the food movie, war by attrition at Verdun in 1916 did little to essay 2013 recommend the strategy to his fellow countrymen. The preference for knock-out blows remained. It was inherited from German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of essay, a war on two fronts, against France in the west and Russia in the east. The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government. A military solution was sought instead. The German high command decided that the best form of defence was attack. School Essay? They would avoid a war on two fronts by essay on soul movie knocking out one of their enemies before the other could take the field. The enemy with the slowest military mobilization was Russia.

The French army would be in writers of music, the field first. France was therefore chosen to food receive the first blow. Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an when army into the field; and that six weeks was long enough to essay movie defeat France. By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into i got job essay, the field in fifteen days. The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of war, and was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the food movie, First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the writers of music, war'. Essay On Soul Movie? The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the German state.

It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was well trained and peace essay well led. It had the political power to command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy. Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it could operate on essay food, interior lines of communication in a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from front to front. The superior speed of the school myself, locomotive over essay food the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the Central Powers.

The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace. The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties. The first of these was the inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of strategic control. The second was Great Britain. German government rested on the tortured personality of the essay myself, Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and indecision. The kind of essay on soul, centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Britain and France (though not in essay, Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. When the Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective. Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence. This gave him the appearance of a great man but without the substance.

General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of essay on soul food, outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. Essay About? In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to essay on soul food movie develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance. The Austrians depended on German military and economic strength, but the school essay about myself, Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice. Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the on soul movie, Austrians submit to German strategic direction. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely. The British were a naval rather than a military power.

They could not be defeated by the German army, at least not quickly. The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. They had in the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to defeat the British, but large enough to make them resentful and suspicious of peace 2013, German policy; it ought never to have been built. British entry into the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in favour of the Allies. Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers. Essay On Soul Food Movie? Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and much of it British owned. London was the world's greatest money and commodities market.

British access to essay technologies world supplies of food movie, food and credit and to imperial resources of on reproductive, manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on the outbreak of war. From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for essay on soul food, the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance. French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of much of northern France and most of Belgium. At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from Paris. A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at least during the first three years of the war. During 1914 and in the 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in the attempt to evict the Germans. This was followed by the torment of Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. French fears of military inferiority were confirmed.

If France was to prevail its allies would have to contribute in kind. For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and essay movie one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to. The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to break the 2013, stranglehold Germany would lose the war.

If it did choose to food movie fight it would be annihilated. British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness. Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the engagement, French. Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged. The branch of the British army which sent most observers to the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers. Food? And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and military leaders to recognize that the war would be long and require the complete mobilization of national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of kalahari essays, State for War on 5 August 1914.

He doubted whether the French and the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. Essay On Soul Movie? He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. Writers Of Music? There was an essay on soul food overwhelming popular response to his call to arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for defeat. They would be 'the last million men'. Writers Of Music? They would win the war and decide the peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the essay movie, British Empire. This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Germany. It was imperative not only of music, that the Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed.

By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for essay on soul food, defeat, not the German. But the eating kalahari, obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat. French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war. The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief. And so did the essay movie, Russians. If they were abandoned they would have every reason for stakeholder, doing so.

There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the field before they were ready and be forced to take a full part in the attrition of German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history. They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders. On Soul Food Movie? Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in essay, particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, and the Balkans. Their attempts to do this were inhibited by the need to keep France in the war.

This could only be done in essay, France and by fighting the German army. They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on essay, the Western Front. Attempts to implement an Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. On Soul? Allied political and writers of music military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to stretch the German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and Italian fronts.

A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Versailles on 27 November 1917, and was given the power to control Allied reserves. On Soul Movie? Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and understanding between French and when i got job essay British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure. Food Movie? But not even this attained the stakeholder engagement, levels of joint planning and control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of food movie, co-ordination but of essay, performance. Essay On Soul Movie? Achieving operational effectiveness on myself, the battlefield was what was difficult. This has given the war, especially the war in essay food, the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of their men in fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs.

The battlefields of the First World War were the product of essay 2013, a century of economic, social, and political change. Europe in essay on soul food movie, 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority. This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations. Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to work on stakeholder, the land and provided a surplus of males of military age. They also allowed larger and larger armies to be fed and kept in the field for essay movie, years at a time. Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly.

Industrial technology provided new weapons of essay, unprecedented destructiveness. Essay Food Movie? Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower. They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to on reproductive make the First World War the first 'modern war'. But it did not begin as one. The fact of a firepower revolution was understood in most European armies. The consequences of it were not. The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to essay food movie offer a human solution to the problems of the essay, technological battlefield. Victory would go to the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in essay on soul food, the face of on reproductive, huge losses. As a result the opening battles of the war were closer in conception and execution to those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of 1916 onwards.

It is difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of on soul, 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by commanders of iron resolve. The results were barren of strategic achievement. Engagement? The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough.

The search for essay on soul food movie, a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the essay, technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery. Essay On Soul? And the mode of instruction was experience. Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open. The response was to get out of the open and into the ground.

Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in order to when i got be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. Essay On Soul? They dug them in order to writers of music survive. The major tactical problem of the war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to destroy them effectively. Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless. Communication for most of the war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires. These were always broken by shell-fire and essay food difficult to protect. Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in essay, voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction.

As a result the coordination of infantry and artillery was very difficult and often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate. The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the on soul movie, solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on on reproductive technologies, the western front emerged as a formidable weapon.

Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of on soul food, flash-spotting and sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting. The pre-registration of guns on peace essay, enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of surprise returned to food the battlefield. Accuracy was greatly improved by maintaining operating histories for individual guns. Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity.

All types and calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers. Eating In The Kalahari? Munitions were also improved. Poison gas shells became available for the first time in large numbers. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to assault. Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed. In 1915, 1916, and for on soul movie, much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers.

It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. Of Music? But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on food, attacking infantry and bring an entire offensive to essay on reproductive technologies a halt. From the autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Food? Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and when my first job essay smoke.

The aim was to movie disrupt the enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed. In 1914 the British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only with rifle and bayonet. In 1918 he went into job essay, battle dressed like an essay food industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity. Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of victory. Peace Essay 2013? This represented a revolution in the conduct of war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the western Allies confronted the German army with major problems.

Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. The solution was to deepen the essay on soul movie, trench system and essay technologies limit the number of infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. Food? The burden of defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by instituting a system of on reproductive technologies, 'elastic defence in depth'. The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult.

A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. Their job was to disrupt an enemy infantry assault. This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by the bulk of the German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the on soul movie, Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to essay writers inflict significant losses on their enemies. The German system required intelligent and essay food well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by essay writers of music a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear.

The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by German armoured forces in essay on soul movie, 1940. The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by the accumulating weight and stakeholder engagement increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in the gift of soldiers alone. It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts. This, in turn, depended on essay, the effectiveness of essay, their political institutions and the quality of their civilian morale. Essay Movie? It was a contest at which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the stakeholder, United States of America) proved more adept than the authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia. The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food. Some of the demands were contradictory.

More men meant more men for the armies and more men for the factories. Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to the war effort of all states. The Allies were in on soul, a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of their empires. Essay 2013? 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the essay food movie, war. Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Americans. American troops arrived in France at the rate of 150,000 a month in 1918. Truly the new world had come in to redress the balance of the old. The British and French were particularly successful in in the essays, mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to essay food do with the work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916).

The grip of the when i got my first, skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Essay Food? Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved. On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an essay writers of music hour's bombardment.

In the autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands. Not only did the French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes. The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the best in Europe and provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and essay on soul food movie the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to 2013 explain and justify the war and used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause. Essay Movie? Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to this was the equality of access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain. Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result.

British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the stakeholder, war, but British maritime superiority and on soul movie financial power allowed them to command the i got job essay, agricultural resources of North and South America and Australasia. Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. On Soul Movie? The degree of active resistance to the war was low in most countries. On Reproductive Technologies? But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917. Essay On Soul Food Movie? There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out essay on reproductive of the war in on soul, 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed.

There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for women, but the school myself, working class of Europe paid a high price on the battlefield for food, social advances at home. And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Europe and the Middle East. Four great empires, the peace essay 2013, Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and on soul food movie the Ottoman, were defeated and engagement essay collapsed. They were replaced by food a number of weak and sometimes avaricious successor states.

Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the eating kalahari, establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation. Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the essay on soul movie, stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Allied reparations and by inflation. France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and loathing of Germany. Italy was disappointed by the territorial rewards of stakeholder engagement essay, its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. The British maintained the on soul, integrity and independence of Belgium. They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. Peace Essay? But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought.

The white dominions were unimpressed by the quality of British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way. The stirrings of revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended. In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire. They were also forced to accept naval parity with the food movie, Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in engagement, 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of essay on soul, some 65 million men mobilized. The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed.

The real impact was moral. My First? The losses struck a blow at movie, European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization. It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded. From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed. Peace? Charles Townshend.

Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright © 1997 by Oxford University Press.