Do My Essay Me Uk - Usage Examples of Anecdotes in Speeches and… - Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA
Dec 19, 2017 College essay anecdotes,
BIO: A vocabulary for college essay anecdotes biographical information. This document describes a vocabulary for describing biographical information about essay people, both living and dead. 2003-03-07 - first issued 2003-07-28 - semantic change by Ian Davis: Added keywords property 2004-03-05 - editorial change by Ian Davis: Added Creative Commons license 2005-04-01 - editorial change by college essay anecdotes, Ian Davis: Added examples 2009-05-19 - editorial change by contrast essay, Ian Davis: Minor changes to improve publishing process 2010-04-20 - editorial change by Ian Davis: Added change history 2010-05-10 - semantic change by college anecdotes, Ian Davis: Major expansion of properties and have classes 2010-05-20 - editorial change by Ian Davis: Batch of revisions based on essay anecdotes community feedback 2010-06-05 - semantic change by Ian Davis: Added biography property 2010-06-06 - semantic change by Ian Davis: Added subproperty and equivalent property relations for bio:father, bio:mother and bio:child 2011-06-10 - semantic change by Ian Davis: Added bio:Formation and bio:Disbanding events 2011-06-10 - semantic change by Ian Davis: Added bio:Performance event 2011-06-14 - editorial change by Ian Davis: Expanded description and added diagrams 2011-06-14 - semantic change by Alexandre Passant: Added properties for Birth and Death Event types, motivated by cv cover letters uk, JSON serialisations of RDF 2011-06-14 - semantic change by Ian Davis: Added bio:Relationship class and properties. The URI for this vocabulary is. College Essay? When abbreviating terms the letters suggested prefix is bio. Each class or property in anecdotes the vocabulary has a URI constructed by an essay on indian, appending a term name to the vocabulary URI. For example: An alphabetical list of essay anecdotes all terms defined in can you have a 2 sentence thesis this schema. Anecdotes? The event of a person succeeding to the right to medicine essay, hold regal power. This event is college, often automatic on religions the death of the college essay anecdotes previous monarch and and mccarthyism is usually followed by a coronation event. College Essay? Being a member of this class implies also being a member of Individual Event. The event of write culture creating of college a legal parent/child relationship that does not exist biologically.
Being a member of contrast religions this class implies also being a member of essay Individual Event. A person, organization or group that plays a role in culture an event. Having this property implies being an Event. Every value of this property is a foaf:Agent. It is a sub-property of anecdotes owl:differentFrom and the inverse of Life Event. A particular type of connection existing between people, groups or organizations related to on the crucible and mccarthyism, or having dealings with each other.
Having Participant or Relationship Interval implies being a member of college essay this class. Things are a member of this class if they are the value of essay model Relationship. It is equivalent to rel:Relationship. Anecdotes? The event of was social essay declaring a marriage void from the beginning as though it never existed. Being a member of this class implies also being a member of Group Event. The event of a person being deliberately targeted and killed. Being a member of this class implies also being a member of Murder. The ceremonial event held to admit a person to membership of a Christian church. Being a member of this class implies also being a member of Individual Event. 2010-05-03 first issued 2010-05-20 editorial change by Ian Davis: Revised comment, replacing #39;the Christian church#39; with #39;a Christian church#39; The ceremonial event held when a Jewish boy reaches age 13.
Being a member of essay this class implies also being a member of an essay on indian culture Individual Event. The ceremonial event held when a Jewish girl reaching age 13, also known as #34;Bat Mitzvah.#34; Being a member of this class implies also being a member of Individual Event. An extended description or account of someone#39;s life. It is expected that the value of college essay this property is either a literal formatted with HTML markup or a pointer to on the, an HTML document. Having this property implies being a foaf:Person.
The event of a person entering into essay anecdotes, life. Being a member of contrast religions essay this class implies also being a member of Individual Event. Things are a member of this class if they are the value of Birth Event. 2010-05-04 editorial change by Ian Davis: Marked as testing. An birth event associated with a person, group or organization.
Having this property implies being a foaf:Agent. College? Every value of cv cover letters this property is college, a Birth. It is father model role, a sub-property of college essay Life Event and owl:differentFrom. Essay Crucible? 2011-07-12 semantic change by Alexandre Passant: Proposed addition of the property. Essay? The event of interring the proverbs essay writing remains of college a person#39;s body into the ground. Being a member of this class implies also being a member of Individual Event. The event of a person changing their name. Being a member of this class implies also being a member of Individual Event.
The event of a person changing the sentence thesis position they hold with an employer. Being a member of this class implies also being a member of Individual Event. College Essay Anecdotes? A biological child of a person. Having this property implies being a foaf:Person. Cv Cover Letters Uk? Every value of college this property is a foaf:Person. It is have thesis, a sub-property of essay owl:differentFrom.
It is equivalent to on the crucible and mccarthyism, Is parent of. Essay Anecdotes? 2010-05-03 first issued 2010-06-06 semantic change by Ian Davis: Made equivalent to rel:parentOf on suggestion of Gautier Poupeau. An event that marks the end of an interval and/or relationship. The event changes of the state of affairs that held during the interval. For example a period of study may be concluded by a Graduation event. Every value of this property is an Event.
It is a sub-property of cv cover letters uk owl:differentFrom. College? An event that occurs while this event is occurring. The events need not start or conclude at the same times. This property is on indian culture, symmetrical. Having this property implies being an Event. College? Every value of this property is an Event. It is a 2 sentence, a sub-property of owl:differentFrom. The ceremonial event of a person being invested with regal power to become a monarch. Being a member of this class implies also being a member of Individual Event. The event of disposing of the remains of college anecdotes a person#39;s body by fire.
Being a member of essay and mccarthyism this class implies also being a member of Individual Event. College Anecdotes? The date at write an essay on indian, which an event occurred. College? The date should be formatted as specified in ISO8601. For example: 2003-03-15 corresponds to father, the 15th March 2003, and college essay 2003-03-15T13:21-05:00 corresponds to write, 15th March 2003, 8:21 am, US Eastern Standard Time. Having this property implies being an Event. It is a sub-property of Date. 2010-05-03 editorial change by Ian Davis: Added a plural label 2010-05-04 editorial change by college anecdotes, Ian Davis: Marked as a stable term. Write On Indian? The event of college essay a person#39;s life ending.
Being a member of this class implies also being a member of write an essay Individual Event. Things are a member of this class if they are the value of college essay anecdotes Death Event. 2010-05-04 editorial change by Ian Davis: Marked as a stable term. An death event associated with a person, group or organization. Having this property implies being a foaf:Agent. Reviews Essay? Every value of essay anecdotes this property is a Death. Reviews? It is a sub-property of Life Event and college essay owl:differentFrom. 2011-07-12 semantic change by Alexandre Passant: Proposed addition of the property. The event of a person changing the position they hold with an employer to one with less importance or responsibility. Being a member of this class implies also being a member of essay role Change of Position.
The event of a group or organization being disbanded. Being a member of this class implies also being a member of Individual Event. The event of essay anecdotes a person involuntarily giving up their office or position. Dismissal is often perceived to be the father model employee#39;s fault and may be considered disgraceful. Being a member of college this class implies also being a member of Individual Event. The event of legally dissolving a marriage. On The Crucible? Being a member of this class implies also being a member of essay Group Event.
The divorce of Albert Einstein and Mileva Maric The event of a person leaving their homeland with the intent of residing elsewhere. Being a member of write an essay on indian this class implies also being a member of college essay Individual Event. Essay Crucible And Mccarthyism? Albert Einstein emigrating to the United States. An agent that is involved in an event as an anecdotes employer. Having this property implies being an Event.
Every value of this property is a foaf:Agent. It is a sub-property of compare essay Agent. The event of a person entering an anecdotes occupational relationship with an essay role employer. Essay? Being a member of this class implies also being a member of an historiographical Individual Event. College Essay? The event of a person initiating attendence to a school or other place of write on indian culture learning. College? Being a member of this class implies also being a member of Individual Event.
An event is an occurrence that brings about a change in the state of write an essay affairs for one or more people and/or other agents. Events are assumed to occur over a period of time and may not have precise start and end points. 2010-05-04 editorial change by Ian Davis: Marked as a stable term 2010-05-04 semantic change by Ian Davis: Made equivalent to cyc:Event 2010-05-20 editorial change by college essay, Ian Davis: Marked as testing status 2010-05-20 semantic change by Ian Davis: Removed subclass of owl-time ProperInteval. Compare Religions Essay? The interval during which the event occurs. Essay? This interval represents the reviews writer exact interval of occurence for an event, it starts at college anecdotes, the moment the event commences and finishes when the an essay on indian culture event concludes.
In other words both the event and the interval start at the same instant of time and college anecdotes extend for the same duration. Having this property implies being an Event. Every value of this property is an Interval. The event of a person being deliberately killed as punishment. Being a member of cv cover letters this class implies also being a member of Death. Anecdotes? The biological father of a person, also known as the genitor. This property is essay, functional. Having this property implies being a foaf:Person. Every value of this property is essay, a foaf:Person. It is write on indian, a sub-property of owl:differentFrom and Is child of.
2010-05-03 first issued 2010-06-06 semantic change by college essay anecdotes, Ian Davis: Made subproperty of rel:childOf on and mccarthyism suggestion of Gautier Poupeau. College Essay Anecdotes? An event that starts at some time after this event. Essay Writer? This property is college, transitive. Having this property implies being an essay Event. Essay Anecdotes? Every value of compare religions this property is an Event. It is anecdotes, a sub-property of owl:differentFrom. The event of a group or organization coming into essay on the crucible and mccarthyism, being. Being a member of college this class implies also being a member of Individual Event. The event of marking a person#39;s death with a ceremony.
Being a member of this class implies also being a member of essay writing Individual Event. Anecdotes? The event of cv cover uk a person being awarded educational diplomas or degrees. College? Being a member of this class implies also being a member of essay Individual Event. College Anecdotes? Albert Einstein receiving his Doctorate from the University of essay father role Zurich. Essay? A type of event that is principally about can you sentence one or more agents and college essay their partnership. Crucible And Mccarthyism? Other agents may be involved but the event is most significant for essay the partner agent.
Every member of cv cover letters this class has at college, least 2 Partner propertiesBeing a member of this class implies also being a member of role Event and genid25. College Essay? An event that starts immediately after this event. Having this property implies being an contrast religions Event. Anecdotes? Every value of this property is an Event. It is a sub-property of owl:differentFrom and have sentence Following Event. An event that occurs and anecdotes concludes immediately before this event. Having this property implies being an writing Event.
Every value of this property is an Event. Anecdotes? It is contrast religions essay, a sub-property of owl:differentFrom and Preceding Event. The event of essay a person being detained in a jail or prison. Being a member of essay father model role this class implies also being a member of Individual Event. The ceremonial event marking the college essay anecdotes beginning of a person#39;s term of office as a leader. Being a member of cv cover uk this class implies also being a member of anecdotes Individual Event.
A type of crucible and mccarthyism event that is principally about a single person, group or organization. Other agents may be involved but the event is anecdotes, most significant for the principal agent. Compare Contrast? Every member of essay this class has exactly 1 Principal propertyBeing a member of this class implies also being a member of Event and genid24. An event that marks the start of an can you have thesis interval and/or relationship. Anecdotes? The event contributes to and/or causes of the state of affairs that hold during the cv cover interval. Essay Anecdotes? For example a period of compare religions study may be initiated by an Enrolment event. College Anecdotes? Every value of this property is an Event. Culture? It is a sub-property of owl:differentFrom. A extended interval of time related to college essay, a particular state of affairs, such as the lifespan of a person or a period of employment.
Being a member of essay writer this class implies also being a member of time:ProperInterval. Things are a member of college essay anecdotes this class if they are the essay value of college anecdotes Event Interval or Relationship Interval. The ceremonial event of a person taking a public office or honour. Being a member of this class implies also being a member of was social an historiographical Individual Event. Essay Anecdotes? A comma delimited list of key words that describe a person. Having this property implies being a foaf:Person. Every value of this property is a rdfs:Literal. Write? It is a sub-property of essay Subject. 2003-07-28 first issued 2010-05-03 semantic change by Ian Davis: Declared that this is a datatype property 2010-05-04 editorial change by Ian Davis: Marked as a stable term. An event associated with a person, group or organization. Essay Father Model Role? Having this property implies being a foaf:Agent.
Every value of this property is an Event. It is college essay anecdotes, a sub-property of owl:differentFrom and reviews the inverse of Agent. 2010-05-03 editorial change by anecdotes, Ian Davis: Added a plural label 2010-05-03 semantic change by Ian Davis: Made a subproperty of owl:differentFrom 2011-06-14 semantic change by Ian Davis: Changed domain to proverbs, foaf:Agent. The event of essay creating uniting the participants into what medicine essay, a new family unit, sometimes accompanied by a formal wedding ceremony. This is intended to essay anecdotes, cover a broad range of marriages including those given formal legal standing, common-law, or by convention. It is not restricted to marriages of two people of on the and mccarthyism the opposite gender, but also includes polygamous and same-sex unions.
Being a member of college essay this class implies also being a member of role Group Event. It is equivalent to cyc:WeddingEvent_Generic. The marriage of college anecdotes Albert Einstein and Mileva Maric 2010-05-04 editorial change by Ian Davis: Marked as a stable term 2010-05-04 semantic change by what essay, Ian Davis: Made equivalent to cyc:WeddingEvent_Generic. The biological mother of college essay anecdotes a person, also known as the genetrix. This property is father role, functional. Having this property implies being a foaf:Person.
Every value of college essay anecdotes this property is proverbs, a foaf:Person. Essay? It is a sub-property of was social medicine an historiographical essay owl:differentFrom and Is child of. 2010-05-03 first issued 2010-06-06 semantic change by college, Ian Davis: Made subproperty of rel:childOf on suggestion of Gautier Poupeau. The event of a person being killed unlawfully with intent by the killer. Compare Essay? Being a member of this class implies also being a member of essay Death. The event of a person obtaining citizenship. Note that the place the naturalization event occurs at compare contrast religions essay, may be different from the college state the person is obtaining citizenship of. Essay? Being a member of this class implies also being a member of anecdotes Individual Event. Albert Einstein becoming a citizen of the United States.
A person that officiates at a ceremonial event. Having this property implies being an compare Event. College Essay Anecdotes? Every value of this property is a foaf:Person. It is essay model role, a sub-property of Agent. College Essay Anecdotes? A one-line biography of the person. Having this property implies being a foaf:Person.
Every value of culture this property is a rdfs:Literal. 2010-05-03 semantic change by Ian Davis: Declared that this is a datatype property 2010-05-04 editorial change by Ian Davis: Marked as a stable term. The ceremonial event held when a person receives authority to act in college essay anecdotes religious matters. Being a member of this class implies also being a member of medicine essay Individual Event. An organization that plays a role in college an event. Having this property implies being an compare religions essay Event. Anecdotes? Every value of this property is a foaf:Person. It is a sub-property of Agent. Father Model Role? A person that takes the parent role in an event. Essay Anecdotes? Having this property implies being an Event.
Every value of this property is a foaf:Person. It is a sub-property of father role Agent. A person, group or organization that participates in college essay a relationship for compare religions some time. Having this property implies being an Agent Relationship. Every value of this property is a foaf:Agent. It is college, a sub-property of essay father owl:differentFrom and the inverse of RelationshipIt is equivalent to rel:participant. A person that is involved in a event as a partner in a relationship. Having this property implies being an Event. Essay Anecdotes? Every value of this property is a foaf:Person. It is a sub-property of Agent. The event of an individual or a group of performers performing.
Examples include concerts, plays, recitals, recordings, busking etc. What Was Social Essay? Being a member of college anecdotes this class implies also being a member of Group Event. It is equivalent to was social medicine, mo:Performance. The place at college anecdotes, which an event occurred. Having this property implies being an an historiographical essay Event. 2010-05-03 editorial change by college essay anecdotes, Ian Davis: Added a plural label 2010-05-04 editorial change by crucible, Ian Davis: Marked as a stable term. The employment position or public office involved in an event.
Having this property implies being an essay Event. Every value of this property is a foaf:Person. It is a sub-property of Agent. Essay? An event that occurs and concludes at some time before this event. This property is transitive. Having this property implies being an college essay anecdotes Event. Every value of this property is an Event. It is reviews writer, a sub-property of owl:differentFrom. Essay Anecdotes? A person that takes the primary and most important role in an event. Father Model Role? For example the principal in essay anecdotes a Birth event would be the an essay on indian child being born and the principal in a Burial event would be the deceased person. Having this property implies being an essay anecdotes Event.
Every value of this property is essay on the and mccarthyism, a foaf:Person. It is a sub-property of college essay anecdotes Agent. The event of a person changing the position they hold with an can you have a 2 sentence employer to college, one with more importance or responsibility. Being a member of this class implies also being a member of Change of Position. The event of write an essay a person involuntarily giving up an office or position that is no longer needed. Redundancy is usually perceived to be the employer#39;s fault and is usually due to conditions outside of the employee#39;s control. Being a member of essay this class implies also being a member of Individual Event.
A relationship that a person, group or organization participates in for essay father model role some time. College Essay Anecdotes? Having this property implies being a foaf:Agent. Can You Have Sentence Thesis? Every value of this property is an anecdotes Agent Relationship. It is a sub-property of owl:differentFrom and letters the inverse of ParticipantIt is equivalent to essay anecdotes, rel:participantIn. The interval during which the relationship persists. Having this property implies being an Agent Relationship. Every value of essay father model role this property is an Interval.
The event of a person voluntarily giving up or quitting their office or position. Being a member of essay this class implies also being a member of culture Individual Event. Anecdotes? The event of a person exiting an proverbs occupational relationship with an employer after a qualifying time period. In many cultures retirement is college, expected and even required once the person reaches a particular age. Being a member of this class implies also being a member of Individual Event. Compare Religions Essay? A person that is college essay, present at and observes the occurrence of at least part of an essay role event. Anecdotes? Having this property implies being an can you have a 2 Event. Essay Anecdotes? Every value of this property is a foaf:Person.
It is a sub-property of Agent. A country or independent territory that is proverbs essay, involved in college anecdotes an event. Having this property implies being an what an historiographical Event. It is a sub-property of Agent. A person that witnesses and can bear testimony to the occurrence of an essay anecdotes event. Having this property implies being an Event. Every value of this property is a foaf:Person.
It is a sub-property of Spectator.
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Dec 19, 2017 College essay anecdotes,
essay smash Copyright 2017 Time Inc. College Anecdotes? All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Read Smash creator's essay about being fired from her own show. EW exclusively excerpts Theresa Rebeck’s explosive essay, in which she details her experience creating the cult TV show Smash , what it’s like being a female showrunner in Hollywood, and medicine, being fired from her own show. Posted on March 31, 2017 at 11:42am EDT. Double Bind: Women on Ambition is college, a new anthology of essays from prominent women like essayist and author Roxane Gay, Molly Ringwald, Smash creator Theresa Rebeck, and writer, writer Francine Prose, with each contributor exploring the college essay, way ambition and feminism have influenced her career.
Below, EW has an exclusive excerpt of Rebeck’s explosive essay, in have a 2, which she details her experience creating the short-lived cult TV show Smash , what it’s like being a female showrunner and TV writer in Hollywood, and what happened when she was eventually fired from college anecdotes, her own show without cause. Excerpted from Double Bind: Women on Ambition, edited by Robin Romm. So I’m walking to a rehearsal in Midtown, and my agent calls me. He runs me through one thing and another, and compare contrast, then he gets down to essay it. Had I heard that Steven Spielberg had set up a project at Showtime, a TV series about backstage at a Broadway musical? “They want you to write it,” he informed me. “Mr. Spielberg read one of essay your plays over the weekend, and essay, he called this morning to say that he is infatuated.”
Let me tell you something. When Steven Spielberg calls your agent to father role say he is infatuated with your writing, that is a good day. The saga of what came next is college essay, so long and complicated it would take a book to write it all out. Sometimes I think of role writ- ing that book and sometimes I think that writing that book and reliving the whole thing would be somewhat akin to shooting myself in the head. But we’ll get to that. So I took the college anecdotes, job, I wrote the pilot, I created all the characters, I nurtured it through a transition from Showtime to medicine an historiographical essay NBC, I produced the pilot, and the show got picked up for an order of seventeen episodes. I was the show runner of the first season, which got terrific numbers and established itself immediately as an international sensation. The show was called Smash. At the anecdotes, end of the first season, I was fired without cause. No one likes being fired, and have, guess what, I am no exception.
As the college essay, dust settled, it became clear that at the management level a lot of dastardly stories had been invented about my character. Medicine Essay? Sometimes I try to college parse them and fit them all back together; I have been, at times, desperate to essay model figure out what actually happened. There was a destructive and incoherent madness to it that resists interpretation. Mr. Spielberg, to give him much credit, called me the day I was fired and apologized. He told me that he blamed himself.
He felt that the politics had gotten way out of college hand, and they wouldn’t have if he had been around more. He was probably right. And, of course, as soon as I was fired, all the men who had conspired to contrast essay have me removed from my post realized that the show wasn’t going to college essay anecdotes survive without me and have sentence, so they slunk away and went off to do other things. The network then hired a whole bunch of other people to run it in my stead, and it fell apart, and one year after I had made that show into college essay, a bona fide hit, it was canceled. Everyone told me the best thing to do was ignore it and put it behind me. Then I couldn’t get hired for three years. Then I fired my lawyer and I fired my manager and essay and mccarthyism, I fired my agent. And then my new agent and new manager and new lawyer all sat me down and explained to me, in no uncertain terms, that I had to take a step back, accept a demotion, and college, take a job below my skill set and pay grade. At this new job, I had to say yes to everything, and letters uk, I had to prove that I played well with others. The whisperers had run around and told everyone that I was a lunatic.
So this is what I had to do, if I ever wanted to run a show again: I had to keep my head down and college essay anecdotes, prove that I was smart and hardworking and cv cover letters, a team player. God knows I had plenty to do during those years. I wrote two plays. I finished my third novel. I directed All My Sons for college anecdotes, a major regional theater, and I wrote and directed an essay father, independent movie. My son started college; my daughter finished middle school. But I was convinced that I had to return to television.
I felt cheated by what had happened on Smash , and I was determined that the men who had cheated me would not have the last word on my talent and my character. It pissed me off that the men at my level who had been fired in similarly ridiculous circumstances somehow managed to bounce upward. I felt like what had hap- pened to essay me was yet another version of the recklessly hideous way so many talented women are treated—silenced, kicked to the curb. I didn’t want to essay just slink away and disappear. College Essay Anecdotes? I wanted to fight my way back into the game. To successfully run a television show, you have to be a general. I was an excellent general. But in order to prove I could do it again, I had to be a good girl. My ambition is wearing me out.
I’ve been on many different television shows over the years, and my husband is frankly enraged by the way people behave in this environment. He threatened to cv cover leave me, a couple of times, if I ever went back on staff of another TV show. He was kidding, but only sort of. He wants me to take my ambition out college essay anecdotes, of the game and stay out of it. He’s not necessarily wrong. I tell stories about the model, shenanigans that go on in writers’ rooms, and my friends outside the college anecdotes, business roar with laughter or cringe in disbelief. The misogyny is beyond anything that people believe when I tell these stories. Compare Religions? On my first job in television, when I was in college essay anecdotes, my twenties, I would sit, dazed, while a roomful of men sat around and told fist-up-the-ass jokes, roaring with laughter. In another room, the guys would sit around and pitch stories, and then write everything down in great detail on little white cards.
Whenever a scene with female characters showed up they would write a card that said, “girl scene here.” Then they would look at me and say, “You’re a woman, you write this.” When I said, “You know where I come from, we write both women and compare religions, men,” it was considered provocative. One time, I was in a room where one of the guys was pitching a beat in a story. He said musingly, “Two people walk into a bar. College? No wait. Letters? Two people and a woman walk into college anecdotes, a bar.” One time, after a number of seriously offensive jokes were told in succession, I said, “Come on, you guys, am I going to have to essay father role leave the room?” Instead of apologizing, one of my male peers said to me, “If you think that’s rough, you haven’t been in enough writers’ rooms.” “Don’t tell me where I’ve been, a–hole,” I replied. Okay, I didn’t really say that, I just thought it. But the rest of those stories are true.
Why would any writer with curiosity and essay, brains and essay crucible, a simple will to tell a decent story put up with b—s— like this? Well, they do pay you a lot of money. Writers of all other genres—fiction, theater, poetry, nonfiction, independent film—generally don’t make much money at all. By contrast, television writers are quite well paid, although many of them don’t think so because if you spend too much time in Hollywood, you inevitably end up comparing yourself to people who make even more than you do. Back in the day, writers like Clifford Odets, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and William Faulkner went out to Hollywood to make money, and essay, the system treated them like this as well.
And they complained, drank too much, fell into despair, and went back to their “real” writing. I don’t know why I put “real” in quotes; they actually were leaving this nonsense and going back to doing real writing. Medicine Essay? And that sort of thing is still going on: We all howl about it and college essay anecdotes, write novels and plays and movies like Barton Fink , excoriate Hollywood, and then go back for more money. I personally had given up on all that nuttiness by the time I got that phone call from my agent, so many moons ago. Truth be told, I was in a healthier headspace back then.
I was living where I wanted to be living, doing what I wanted to be doing, and hanging out with the contrast religions, people I wanted to anecdotes be hanging out with. I didn’t have any fierce need to what was social essay run my own television show. At least, I wasn’t chasing it. Why didn’t I stay there? When I think back to that day when I was just walking to essay anecdotes rehearsal for a play that paid me next to nothing in essay father, a lousy space in Midtown, before my agent called to essay tell me Mr. Spielberg was infatuated, mostly what I remember is that I was happy. But I don’t know one person on planet Earth who would have turned down that offer. What Was Social Essay? Everyone wants their own show.
I recently found out that one of my favorite novelists wasn’t writ- ing novels anymore because he was trying to get his own show on Showtime. Apparently he needs the money, but trust me, it’s not merely about the money. The thought of having your own TV show is college, a big promise to a hungry little ego. My friend Lisa cops to the hungry little ego. “Twelve to fifteen million people hearing my words and seeing characters who they love, and I love expressing my values and my empathy and my humor, I fucking love that. I really like being one of the people who has the privilege of pouring stuff out into the world and hoping it lands and sticks and resonates with whoever’s watching and listening. Full of myself a little?
Yeah, I think you have to essay be, to think that your work is worth the college essay anecdotes, many millions of dollars to film it, and the attention of the audience.” Her position, I think, really is contrast religions essay, swell. I also think that Lisa’s hungry little ego is college, a sort of pleasant and respectful version of the what was social medicine essay, breed. Most egos don’t behave as well as hers does. Add to that fact this: The apprenticeship of television writing is all about having your own ego kicked in college, the head so many times it develops a revenge fantasy. Television is a training ground for fucking up people’s characters just enough to make them truly dangerous when they are finally given power over other creative souls. And the truth is, everyone in the industry knows it.
“I can’t say I enjoy writing for on the crucible, television,” another friend told me. College Essay? “It’s unhealthy in general. The system is a killer. You sit in a room with other writers eight hours a day, then the show runner comes in and makes all the decisions. And that’s the part before you get notes, do rewrites, more notes, more rewrites, then get totally rewritten anyway.” But she started as a playwright and couldn’t get her plays done. When she’s not writing for a television show, she doesn’t have decent health insurance. In the reviews writer, face of this, we all sit around and tell apocryphal stories about essay anecdotes shows where the network left you alone, where the show runner had a good heart and a light hand. There’s always a mythic show out there, where they treat the cv cover letters, writing staff with respect and shoot the essay, scene the way you wrote it, and it came out great, and the lowly but talented and decent staff writer is vindicated.
The heart remains hopeful. Every show actually seems like just a great job at the beginning. Everybody likes each other. The network notes haven’t gotten too crazy; the boys haven’t started acting like jerks yet. The excitement is heady. Money! Health care! Telling stories for a living! It’s truly all you know, and have, all you want to essay anecdotes know. Freud writes eloquently about the ego’s need to return time and cv cover letters, again to the same pattern of behavior, repetition compulsion, a drive so strong it overrides the pleasure principle and sends us back into college anecdotes, traumatic situations that we know are traumatic. That mysterious thing called the Self seems to want to go through the same pain over and over what was social medicine, and over again, mystifying itself with the belief that next time, I’ll master it, I’ll control it, I’ll get it right.
Mircea Eliade writes of the Myth of Eternal Return. The Buddhists call it samsara. I felt the essay anecdotes, reality of these definitions strongly once when I was stuck in have a 2 sentence thesis, a traffic jam on Sunset Boulevard going to a meeting. Essay Anecdotes? Holy s— , I thought. How did I get here again? Although, endlessly indulging in repetition compulsion might also be tagged as perseverance. Or ambition. Crucible And Mccarthyism? Women are told they have to college essay anecdotes be better, smarter, tougher, and more resilient than their male counterparts because, well, that’s just the way the cv cover letters, world is. Men tell us this. I cannot count the number of men—including my new agent and my new manager, who are great and on my side—who blithely announce that this is just the way things are. So maybe we’ve just been programmed this way.
Who knows. One time I asked my daughter Cleo why she was doing something that was getting her in trouble over and over college, again. She was about four years old. With tears streaming down her face, she said to me, “I’m a stubborn girl.” My husband had to stop himself from reviews, laughing. “I wonder where she got that?” he said. I am a stubborn girl. I am also a talented and college anecdotes, hardworking girl, and the truth is I do play well with others.
But in corporate culture, “play well with others” has come to mean absolutely agreeing to everything that gets thrown at you. It is a given: You have to say yes to your boss all the time. And that means all the time, and cheerfully—that, I’m not as good at. And the what medicine an historiographical, men who I’ve seen attain success in college anecdotes, this world are salesmen, charmers; they know how to medicine an historiographical manage up. That’s another phrase I learned: manage up. Basically that means making your bosses love you, whether or not you are doing a good job. Here is another phrase that I learned: comfort level. College? When I was fired from the show I created, my soon-to-be-ex-agent told me that the president of NBC had a “comfort level” issue with me.
Comfort level, I came to compare religions essay learn, is Hollywood code for men who don’t want to work with women. So women, who are suspect because there is this comfort level issue have to work extra hard to play well with others and manage up, in addition to sucking everything up and understanding that things are going to be handed to the guys, and anecdotes, then they’re going to tell a lot of compare religions essay sexist jokes and college anecdotes, tell you to your face that you’re supposed to father role be writing the girl scenes because they’re too busy writing about shooting people and blowing things up and other utter bullshit. Ooops, did I say that? This is college, another thing that “play well with others” means: Keep your mouth shut. In television, we have to be very stubborn girls indeed. I loved running a television show. Was Social Medicine An Historiographical? I was really good at it. College? I liked that I had to write so much, I liked working with the actors and the directors, I liked production meetings, I liked going all over to location shoots, I loved editing. I loved my postproduction supervisor and my line producer; both of them taught me life lessons about graceful professionalism, taking care of your collaborators. Can You Thesis? I ran a clean set, so the people who worked there were happy.
I was a good general. I also have to admit that it was fun rewriting my whole writ- ing staff on Smash. Essay Anecdotes? “Fun” might be too strong. Reviews? Because I hated having it done to me so much, it was not something I took on anecdotes lightly; I actually tried not to compare contrast religions rewrite everything egregiously just because I could. But for that first season at least, it was my show and college essay anecdotes, I had the last word and I understood the thrill of cv cover letters uk that, and the responsibility. So I did my job, and I stand by it.
But no matter how hard I tried—and trust me, I’m not a lunatic, and I did try—the boys didn’t want me running that show. One of the other executive producers kept saying, “But who is in college essay anecdotes, charge?” He had never worked on a television show before so I assumed this was just informational, and I would tell him, point-blank: I am the show runner. That means I am in charge. This struck him as more than slightly insane. Compare Contrast? I had to keep explaining to him how television shows work: You stand with the show runner. College? You don’t keep attacking the essay father model, show runner; it will bring the show down. It was a truth he did not want to understand. There was also an architectural problem in the power structure above me.
How to “manage up” was never very clear. Essay? Mr. Spielberg is an enormous force and can you a 2 sentence thesis, a great storyteller. He and the head of the college essay, network both believed that they were in letters uk, charge. There was a strange dysplasia. They seemed to think that I was some kind of factotum, or typewriter even. No matter how polite I was, it rocked everyone to the core when the essay, typewriter talked back. Was it gender based? It sure felt like it.
The power structure includedtenmenandonewoman, and, inspiteof all theirsecond- guessing and medicine an historiographical, wrangling, the show was terrific until they fired the woman in charge. I was explicitly told, during my firing, that the show was “too important to the network,” and so they were taking it out of my hands. The person they gave it to had virtually no credentials and no experience in the theater. His television credits were nowhere near as comprehensive as mine. The show died under his watch.
Two years later, another net- work gave him another show to college run. Meanwhile, I was still being told that I was unemployable because everyone knew that I was a lunatic. The whole thing was dreadful. Contrast Religions Essay? And I do want to do it again. College Essay? Is this like childbirth?
You think, Oh god, it’s so great having a kid , I don’t remember the pain . No, it’s actually not like that. The memory of the pain is pretty vivid. Woody Allen has famously admitted the heart wants what it wants. But what does that mean? Is that just a way of essay writer excusing inappropriate desire? I tell myself that it’s not just enraged ego; I have stories to essay tell.
My heart wants to tell stories. Women should be telling stories. And the earth will not survive without women claiming their voices and on the crucible and mccarthyism, their partnership for college, its people. It may not survive even so. So my heart says, get up, get back in the game, this isn’t just about you. Stand up, you stubborn girl. If I have an ambition, it is to change the compare contrast, world. So yes, I am ambitious. College Essay? And while I do believe in playing well with others, I ultimately don’t know how to keep my mouth shut. Cv Cover Letters Uk? What storyteller does?
I wish this were not the story I have to tell today. I have other stories. I am anxious to get on with them. Excerpted from Double Bind: Women on essay anecdotes Ambition edited by Robin Romm. Copyright © 2017 by Robin Romm. With permission of the publisher, Liveright Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved.
Liveright Publishing Corporation. Get the reviews writer, latest TV news from Entertainment Weekly. J.K. Rowling: U.K. Anecdotes? enacted sweeping gun law reform after mass shooting, so why won't U.S.? Sylvia Plath bikini book cover slammed as inappropriate. 'Naptime with Joey': Exclusive photos feature Joey-as-Braveheart. Read a chapter from 'Diary of a Wimpy Kid: The Getaway' 1 'Restore Me': Preview the explosive new 'Shatter Me' book.
2 Acclaimed novel 'Sweetbitter' ordered to letters uk series by Starz. 3 Rosario Dawson reads Andy Weir's 'Artemis': First listen. 4 'Batman' writer teases how Batman-Catwoman's engagement affects the DC Universe. 5 Ta-Nehisi Coates' 'We Were Eight Years In Power' is urgent, outraged, and electric. All products featured were editorially selected.
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mini resume Upon several occasions throughout your career you will need to provide your potential employer with important information about your background and your qualifications. The most common method to provide information to potential employers is to create a resume. A resume can create a vivid word picture of yourself. The World Wide Web (WWW) has recently became more popular, and essay, is often considered the newest form of popular media by was social medicine an historiographical many people. In fact, making your resume available on essay the World Wide Web is model comparable to essay anecdotes broadcasting it on national television during prime time hours. The most obvious benefit you will immediately receive by making your resume available on the Web is that you will reach an unlimited number of people and have opened new doors to audiences you would otherwise probably have never reached before. Many companies will visit college resume lists searching for potential employees. If you have your resume on paper but not on the Web, they will undoubtedly never see it.
Another benefit of essay creating an electronic resume is cost. College Essay. Many colleges provide space on their web server for their students' resumes free of charge. Sentence Thesis. Using college web servers, students can practically eliminate paper and printing costs. Rather than performing mass mailings of college your resume, you can reduce the number of printed copies you will need and reserve these for companies you are particularly interested in. Contrast. Other benefits you will receive by creating an HTML resume include: the ability to provide electronic links to your reference and previous employers as well as providing links to previous jobs or projects you have been involved with the ability to make updates immediately available ease of maintainability the ability to show that you can adapt to, and use new technology as it becomes available (a plus to many employers) simply making your resume look more professional. By creating your resume using HTML and making it available on the World Wide Web, you will improve your chances of anecdotes getting a job that best suits your interests as well as your employer's interests.
Writing Your Resume in HTML Format. CREATE YOUR RESUME ON A WORD PROCESSOR AND PRINT IT. When writing your resume, consult English books, writing guides, or take advantage of career services provided by many universities. Be sure to have someone proofread and review your resume. Father Model Role. Many instructors in college anecdotes the English department of a University will gladly proofread your resume, but be sure to give it to him/her enough in advance to provide enough time to letters uk review it and college, so that it will not be an inconvenience to him/her. Remember to be courteous and thank them; after all, they are doing you a big favor. It is much better to have a professor see your mistakes while you have the chance to correct them than for a potential employer to model role see them.
It is important that your resume be grammatically correct as well as in college anecdotes the correct format. Your resume is on the crucible often the first impression an college anecdotes employer will receive. It will be easier to htmlify your resume if you have already created it. Medicine An Historiographical Essay. By creating your resume first you can focus on formatting it rather than trying to college essay create it and format it at the same time. SAVE YOUR WORD-PROCESSED RESUME IN TEXT (.txt) FORMAT.
This can usually be done by essay on the using the save as option found under the college anecdotes, file utilities of your favorite word processor. If you are unable to what an historiographical locate a save as feature for college essay, your word processor consult your user's manual or contact customer support. After selecting save as choose text or Ascii text from the available list of formats. By saving your resume in contrast text form, you will be able to add HTML formatting tags more easily. Although you could save your file in other formats, saving in text format will make it easier to edit because text file format does not save any formatting information. Other file formats embed formatting information like boldface, italics, and essay, indentations as part of the file. When you view or edit word processor formatted files you will see formatting information that is unreadable by HTML browsers, thus you will need to delete it before you will be able to proceed. Editors allow you to change files without embedding formatting options such as boldface, italics and underscoring into the file. Many editors are available to use.
Some of the most common are: edit on DOS machines and PCs; emacs and vi on UNIX workstations; and edit on VAX/VMS machines. You can also use your favorite word processor to reviews writer open a text file. For more information on the editor you will use, consult your system administrator or read your user's manual. Essay. Which editor you should use depends upon the type of system you are using and essay writer, your preference between the editors on your system. Make sure you use an editor that you are familiar with. By using an unfamiliar editor you will find yourself spending most of your time trying to essay learn to can you have a 2 use the editor rather than actually creating your resume. College Anecdotes. Throughout the remainder of this document I will base the steps on the DOS editor and can you have thesis, a generic word processor. To open your resume, first open the editor by typing edit at a DOS prompt, or the appropriate command for the editor you intend to use. Next, choose the essay, Open File option from the compare contrast religions essay, FILE menu. Fill in the filename you choose earlier or use the browse feature to locate the essay anecdotes, file. Elements of an HTML document are denoted using HTML tags.
An HTML tag usually consists of a left angle bracket ( ). Tags are also usually paired (e.g. ltP and reviews essay writer, lt/P), the first is used to identify the beginning of the element and the second (usually lt/tagname) identifies the end of the element. Some tags may also contain additional information. College Anecdotes. This information should be placed inside the angle brackets. For example, to display a paragraph using full justification use ltP ALIGN=justifygt. HTML documents have a minimum requirement of can you have thesis tags. These tags are required by HTML browsers in order to recognize a file as a HTML file.
The following is essay anecdotes a summary of the required HTML tags: The required HTML tags must be placed in the appropriate order inside and HTML file. The following HTML is a simple example of the minimum HTML document. Using indentation can greatly improve the looks of your HTML, make it easier to read, and make it much easier to maintain. Although indentation is not required, you should always use it to improve your HTML. The benefits greatly outweigh the extra time it takes to write your HTML. HTML browsers ignore extra white-space therefore the indentation will not be visible when the document is viewed using a HTML browser. Here is the essay, previous example written using indentation to make it easier to read. ADD ADDITIONAL HTML FORMATTING TAGS AS NECESSARY.
The use of additional HTML tags will greatly enhance the appearance of your resume. HTML contains numerous tags to college essay anecdotes use, in addition many new tags will be added in the future. Have A 2 Sentence. I could not possibly cover every tag here. However, I will briefly describe some of the commonly used and most useful tags. For advanced options, or a more detailed list you should obtain a copy of the college essay anecdotes, latest HTML reference manual. This manual can be found on the world wide web at http://www.sandia.gov/sci_compute/html_ref.html.
The following table contains many of the most common and what was social medicine, most useful HTML tags. You can use any of these tags by simply placing the begin tag, the text to format, and the end tag directly in your HTML document. You will find it useful to view your document as you make changes. See step 9 for instructions on how to view your current HTML document. By doing this, you will become familiar with the effects of the tags. In order to ensure no word processor formatting options are saved into your file you should save your resume as a text file. College. However, when you choose your filename you should give it the .html or .htm extension. On The. To do this choose save as from the file menu. Next you should choose the text or ASCII text format from the available format list. Finally, type your filename in the filename input box as filename.html or filename.htm where filename is the name you wish to call your file (e.g. resume.html).
CREATE AND/OR ACQUIRE ANY IMAGES YOU WANT TO USE IN YOUR RESUME. While creating images can be very fun and exciting, it is also very time consuming. There are many tools available to college anecdotes help you create your custom images such as Paint Shop Pro, Photoshop, Corel Draw, and MsPaint. For information on how to uk use these tools you should consult your user's manual. An alternative to creating custom images is to find a non-copyrighted image on college anecdotes the world wide web and copy it. One method of locating useful and free images is to what medicine view clipart collections available on the web such as Caboodles of anecdotes Clipart. Another method of locating useful images is to was social medicine use the Yahoo search engine and search for the image. To do this simply type image:keyword in the Yahoo's search box and click on the search button. This type of college anecdotes searching is very time consuming and contrast essay, often does not result in college any useful images.
If you are unable to create or locate the image you desire and feel that your resume would be incomplete without it, you should consider hiring a Graphics Artist to create the image for you. Although images can improve the appearance of your resume, you should use them sparingly. Often the quality of your resume decreases proportionally with an increase in model role the number of anecdotes images you add. Any graphics you use (except for compare contrast, a background) should be relatively small in anecdotes size. Most web developers agree that large images take longer to load and will in turn drive impatient viewers away from your page. In addition, you should keep the content of your images on a professional level unless the image directly relates to your job qualification. Cv Cover Uk. For example it is acceptable to have cartoons you've created on your resume if you're applying as a cartoonist. College Essay. However, you should consider placing any such images on a second page and creating a link to it.
ADD HTML IMAGE TAGS AS NECESSARY FOR EACH OF THE IMAGES YOU PLAN TO USE IN YOUR RESUME, AND SAVE YOUR RESUME (SEE STEP 6). To insert an image into what essay your HTML resume open your resume in your editor, then use the ltIMG SRCgt tag to specify the location and filename of your image. For example, to college essay display an image called computer.gif that is 32x45 in size, use the what was social essay, following tag: ltIMG SRC=directory/computer.gif ALT=Computer WIDTH=32 HEIGHT=45 BORDER=0gt. All images should be in the .GIF or .JPG file format. College Anecdotes. If you see a gray box with three small dots in it rather than your image, then the essay, browser was unable to college load your image. Possible causes of can you this problem are: you used an essay anecdotes incompatible file format, the essay father role, image does not exist, you did not specify the correct filename or had a typographical error in essay the directory/filename, or the essay writer, file permissions were set incorrectly (UNIX workstations require that you set the file permissions of an image to 770. See your system administrator or consult a UNIX reference manual for help with setting file permissions). Be sure to save your resume after you make any changes. OPEN YOUR HTML RESUME IN A HTML BROWSER. Open your HTML browser by clicking on its Windows Icon, or by typing its execution command at the command prompt.
There are many browsers available for college, use such as Netscape, Microsoft Explorer, and ICOMM. Consult your user's manual for help with using your HTML browser. Open your resume by clicking on the Open File option on the File menu. Next, type the filename you choose earlier in father the filename input box or using the college essay, browse feature to have sentence thesis locate the file, then click on the ok button. Your resume should be displayed in the browser window.
Viewing your resume in college anecdotes an HTML browser is an excellent way to ensure the can you a 2 sentence, content of college essay your resume. REPEAT STEPS 5 THROUGH 9 UNTIL YOU ARE SATISFIED WITH THE APPEARANCE OF YOUR RESUME. After reviewing your resume in an HTML browser, you should revisit steps 5 through 9 above and make any necessary changes. Once you are familiar with the can you have a 2, process of college anecdotes creating a HTML document, most of these steps can be performed as necessary in any order. You should get your resume to a point that you are satisfied with before preceding.
In order to what was social ensure that you have not made any mistakes in the uniform resource locator (URL) addresses, you should click on each of the links you've created using your HTML browser. Links that do not work are nicknamed broken links. Broken links are highly unprofessional and college, will affect the impression a potential employer has on your resume. Broken links are usually the result of father model a typographical error or a link to a web site that no longer exists. Because the web is constantly changing, you should only college anecdotes create hypertext links to sites that are relatively stable. In order for thesis, your resume to be visible to the rest of the world, you must have current internet provider. Many universities provide the resources for college essay, students to install their resumes. Contact your University Webmaster to contrast obtain information. You can often locate the college essay, Webmaster through an email address on the universities main web page.
After you have completed your HTML resume, copy it and all of the images you have used to the directory your web provider specifies. After installing your HTML resume you should always test it. Visit the URL your web provider supplies to insure it was installed properly. You should always respond to potential employers that contact you as soon as possible. In addition you should always mail a paper copy of your resume to any potential employers.
By showing sincere interest, you will increase an employer's impression. The Source For Java Development. Java Report . March/April 1996. Java Report is a relatively new magazine for what was social medicine an historiographical, software developers using the Java environment. Java is a relatively new software developing environment that allows software developers to implement more complex features such as Net-based electronic transactions and delivering interactive content across the Web. Java Report combines programming tips, new technology, application trends and corporate issues to bring the reader a broader range of information. In one of the essay anecdotes, articles Philip David Meese does an excellent job of explaining to the reader how to create his/her first Java application. His article was well written and essay crucible and mccarthyism, was equivalent in content to a small course.
The article The Java Tutor provides clear and concise information as well as easy to college essay understand example code. I strongly agree with Mr. Meese's confidant statement by the time you finish reading this article, you'll be able to develop a Java application. An entire section of cv cover uk Java Report is devoted to Product Review. In this section the authors review Java related products and provide information to the reader. This information was the equivalent of a Consumer Reports article. This section is a great source of information about individual products. In general, Java Report is a great source of college essay anecdotes information relating to the use and development of Java applications for any software developer. However, some of the technical articles may be beyond the scope of the average reader. Rampe, David. Cyberspace Resumes Fit the Modern Job Hunt.
The New York Times . 3 February 1997, sec. C6. In his article Cyberspace Resumes Fit the Modern Job Hunt David Rampe discusses the advantages and disadvantages of an HTML resume. The article, which appeared in The New York Times' Taking In the essay father model role, Sites section provides some very useful information regarding resumes. Some of the topics Mr. Rampe discusses includes the searchability of essay anecdotes HTML resumes, electronic filling, industry jargon, and the dehumanization of the process. Mr. Rampe also discusses the importance of writing your HTML resume in the proper fashion, to essay father role the computer.
He states that you must resolve mentally to address your resume to 'Dear Computer. ' and just ignore the dehumanization of it all. In addition, the article provides the URLs for eleven electronic sources to college anecdotes help the essay, reader get started. College Essay. Each of the sources listed are excellent sources of reviews information and should be reviewed by anyone who decides to create and college essay, HTML resume. Rampe also discusses cookie-cutter forms available on the World Wide Web to help the least experienced computer user create his/her HTML resume. In general, Mr.
Rampe provides an ample amount of information and resources necessary to create an HTML resume. Religions. Rampe provides both the college essay anecdotes, pros and the cons of an HTML resume in an unbiased fashion, leaving the reader to essay on the crucible and mccarthyism decide the necessity of an HTML resume. Sandia National Laboratories. HTML Reference Manual , 2 January 1996. Sandia National Laboratories' HTML Reference Manual is, in my opinion, the most complete and useful source of HTML information. Although the college anecdotes, manual is currently over a year old, the information it contains is accurate, precise and very helpful. The HTML Reference Manual begins with and introduction to HTML in general, then lists important terms and definitions. Next the authors validate the document's content by essay father discussing the conformance guideline RFC 1866, commonly referred to as HTML Version 2. The authors also discuss the importance of Sandia requirements for specific HTML elements.
Next the authors discuss the general breakdown of college HTML into: General HTML syntax, HTML Comments, HTML Elements, Uniform Resource Locators (URL), Special Characters, and Internal Icons. Finally, the authors break down over one hundred HTML elements into a description, minimum attributes, all possible attributes, elements allowed within, allowed in content of, and variations. In addition the document contains an easy to reviews essay use index which allows the reader to college essay anecdotes jump directly to any element of interest. The HTML Reference Manual provides the most complete reference manual available. In addition it is well written, well organized and very easy to use.
This document is an excellent source of information for both the novice and expert HTML programmers. Authors Note: Windows, DOS, Paint Shop Pro, MsPaint, Yahoo, Café, Netscape, ICOMM and reviews writer, Microsoft Internet Explorer are copyrighted by their respective owners.
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about my name essay From Unwanted Companion to Respected Friend. With long and deliberate strokes I signed my kindergarten masterpiece, M-A-R-K, narrowly missing the college essay anecdotes puddle of wet white glue above the floppy plastic eyeball. Have A 2 Sentence? I paused with a familiar thought: it just didn’t fit. Mark was just too short and awkward sounding and such a great tissue paper turkey deserved a better signature. I couldn’t escape the disappointment because Mark followed me in bold letters everywhere. On my lunch box, the college essay anecdotes tag inside my coat, my baseball glove, etc. Have Sentence? The name Mark was like the college essay anecdotes annoying neighborhood kid you get stuck with over summer vacation and compare contrast religions just can’t get rid of. I had no idea that over time, this unwanted companion would become my respected friend. Why couldn’t I have names like my brothers?
Richard was the oldest and his name was strong and college confident. Best of all he could be Rich or Richard, a multifunctional name; Richard when he became president and Rich with his buddies on the playground. And then there was Russell who could always be Russ when the need arose. And Mccarthyism? What were my parents thinking? Did they just run out of letters? It was obvious to me that my name should’ve been Robert. This theory was reinforced by my Sesame Street logic: Richard, Russell, Robert, Mark; which one of these just doesn’t belong? I wanted Robert… not Mark, and college anecdotes like that unwanted tag along there didn’t seem to be anything I could do to get rid of it. As years went by, various experiences made me more accepting of my name. One of the most memorable came on the first day of middle school when the what was social an historiographical teacher called out college essay our FULL names in cv cover letters uk, the roll call. I’d always kept my middle name a closely guarded secret, fearing certain humiliation if anyone ever learned what is was.
I expected a room full of laughter as she called out “Mark Harold Liles”, but to my amazement everyone was quiet. Then something totally unexpected happened. The quiet girl I secretly admired turned to college anecdotes, me and said, “I like your name, it sounds cool”. That day marked a turning point. Maybe I’d been wrong about can you a 2 Mark, maybe the name was ok. There was a time when I lost my name all together. I had joined the military and college had to pack up all of a 2 sentence thesis, my civilian clothes and personal effects into a cardboard box that would be stored until completion of essay anecdotes, basic training. My name Mark was put in the box as well, having been issued the new name “Private”, courtesy of the United States Marine Corps. Can You A 2? That passage was tough and anecdotes through it all I developed confidence and cv cover letters greater self esteem. Shortly after finishing boot camp I was given dog tags.
Stamped deep in college essay anecdotes, the simple metal tag were the words: Liles, Mark H., USMC. I’d been given my name back, only now there was more; I had earned the title of Marine. Going through this period of losing my individuality made me appreciate the contrast uniqueness that I possessed and gave me a new appreciation for my name. College Essay? My time in the military has long since passed, and today my name and essay model I are fully engulfed in the working world. Essay Anecdotes? Mark still follows me everywhere, only father, now it’s on my office door, the cover of business papers, and on college the introduction slide of have sentence, corporate PowerPoint presentations. My name in many ways has become a list of attributes and college anecdotes accomplishments that people associate me with and that I associate with myself. I work hard to make sure that when people hear my name they think of a dedicated employee, a pleasant neighbor, and a good father. I understand the value of a good name and work diligently to protect it. Sometimes I think back on my days in kindergarten when I didn’t like my name and I laugh. I’m so happy to be Mark and reviews writer not Robert.
I like the person I’ve become and am thankful for college essay the people and events that have helped shape me. I realize how it was never really about my name but instead about personal feelings of have thesis, self confidence and essay self worth. There are times in life that I see obstacles and wonder how I’m going to overcome them; I worry about who I can count on to help me. But then I pause and reviews essay writer remember that dependable friend that has always been there, I think of my respected friend, Mark Liles, myself. Sam: The Motorcycle Chick.
By Samantha Miller. On a hot and sunny Arizona afternoon, I stand next to my shiny lime green two wheeled machine and swing my right leg over the hot black seat. I start the engine and listen to the deep exhaust as I twist the throttle. Maneuvering my way out of the parking lot filled with big lifted trucks and neon sport bikes I feel a sense of people watching me. As I look to the left, I see two tall men wearing baby blue collared shirts with looks of confusion and essay excitement. I begin to realize this must be the first time they have seen a girl who is five feet, four inches tall with long brown curly hair and a small waist controlling what has been traditionally seen as man’s vehicle. My name is Samantha, and I ride and repair motorcycles. Contrast Religions Essay? Samantha may sound beautiful, soft and caring; however I am brute, loud and hardhearted female in a man’s world of mechanics. As long as I can remember, I have been labeled as a tomboy. College Anecdotes? I believe this is contrast religions essay, how I adapted the nickname Sam so easily.
Sam is a short version for the masculine name of Samuel. Anecdotes? A particular memory I have using the an historiographical name Sam over Samantha was on Monday, June 6th, 2005. It was my first day of class and I remember entering a classroom full of essay, men ranging from a young smug football player to a kind simplistic looking grandpa. I sat down in the closest blue plastic chair that was available, not realizing it was broken. I began to wonder if this was a place for essay on the crucible a “Samantha.” Surely they would accept a “Sam” as a serious and strong person in the motorcycle industry. So, as the potbelly forty-year-old man with short gray peppered hair and a five o’clock shadow called our names, I simply replied with “Here” and “Call me Sam.” Throughout the rest of my training at Motorcycle Mechanics Institute, my bully attitude and essay anecdotes dirty clothing tagged me, Sam, as one of the guys. Even though I respond to contrast religions, a masculine sounding name, I use my gentle feminine Samantha side to listen and college express myself to others. Essay Model? Whenever someone is talking, I listen with full intent. The words inhabit my brain as I imagine myself in that person’s shoes. However, I do not like to repeat myself. College? If I have to repeat something to a person, who has clearly not listened, I will repeat it very loudly to express my irritation.
Maybe it’s just me or the fact my name means listener, but listening is compare contrast religions essay, not hard. Listening is very beneficial because absorbing and maintaining information is useful for solving problems. For example, I would yell across the service shop to a very tall barbarian classmate who constantly forgot to put the special tools into the large red metal cabinet. College Essay Anecdotes? When a man hears a woman’s enraged voice yelling, he soon remembers her words. In combination with yelling, my blood starts pumping and my mind begins to take over responses, leaving all feelings aside. My heart will give a little when someone is hurt or in on the crucible, need. However, if a person carries out a dim-witted decision, I feel they should learn from their actions. Essay? This stubborn method of thinking symbolizes my German last name Miller.
My German grandfather, Leroy, fell in love with a beautiful but stubborn Norwegian woman named Marjean. Even to this day, at religions essay, the age of 76, my short, plump and snow white curly haired grandmother will not take “no” for an answer. Sometimes I wish my last name was a softer one, like Bloom. I could than be imaged as a flower, which is the Greek definition of Samantha. Samantha Miller, a girl who is a flower that blooms. But, I am not Greek and all eventually flowers die. In the end, people will remember me as Sam Miller, a strong woman in a man’s world of mechanics. I am a tomboy who enjoys wrenching and repairs anything that produces speed.
I am also a beautiful girl who listens well and expresses irritation when others do not listen. My family brings out my stubbornness that allows me to college anecdotes, be tough on medicine others when they make bad decisions. I am a brute, loud and college essay hardhearted who thinks like a boy and acts like a boy. But, I still turn heads when people see a small figure on a lime green two wheeled machine with a long brown hair waving in the wind. Paola: Your Instructor. Paola Brown is an enthusiastic woman who enjoys wearing many different hats throughout her week. Every day, she is cv cover letters uk, a wife and a mother. Having been married for almost five years, her husband and she just welcomed their first son, Mateus, into their family about a year ago. While she loves spending the day at home with Mateus, she sincerely enjoys teaching her online and night classes. Currently, she is teaching freshman composition at college essay anecdotes, Glendale and reviews Gateway.
Community College. Paola also loves to college essay anecdotes, write. Model? She has recently submitted an article, an college ethnographic research study she conducted in compare religions essay, 2007, to a professional magazine, and it is under consideration for publication. College? While this kind of academic writing can be a creative outlet for her, she also enjoys writing children’s fiction. As a Brazilian-
American, much of her fiction is what was social, bilingual, weaving English and Portuguese within the story’s plot. College Essay Anecdotes? Indeed, Paola’s variety of hats brings her life exciting opportunities for was social essay spending time with wonderful people and for expressing her creativity.
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Dec 19, 2017 College essay anecdotes,
Free Information Technology essays. Context/Background - The central problem for essay anecdotes the Internet users is writer, how to obtain accurate information for a query in college anecdotes, an efficient and fast way. And the on the crucible, most efficient way to solve the problem nowadays is using the search engine, which is a software system that could search information from the Internet automatically and provide query services for the users. Aims - The first purpose of the college essay anecdotes, project is to implement a search engine, which includes a crawler, an inverted index, a graphical user interface, and a reporting facility. And the writer, second purpose is to test which ranking algorithm more satisfies the needs of users in the search engine of the project. Method - The crawler would collect webpages which would be analyzed and stored in the database. According to the information in the database, an inverted index would be built to restore all the information for the efficiency of the search engine. And then the search engine could search the information for users in the inverted index.
For the convenience of the users, a graphical user interface is used for users inputting queries and some ranking algorithms are used to satisfy users' needs more quickly. And a reporting facility would help users know what the most users are searching. To test the search engine, the anecdotes, test case of the search engine in the project would be the webpages of 'Durham University'. When it comes to the second aim, several tests would be made to compare the ranking algorithms to find out the most suitable algorithm. Results ' The search engine would be evaluated using the unique general method which is based on the traditional famous evaluation method, and the method evaluates the search engine according to the capability, indexing method, indexing results, and user burden. Generally, the search engine is quite a good one from the value of the factors. And the differences between PAGERANK and contrast essay HITS algorithms are also analyzed that the response time of PAGERANK is college essay, less while the HITS is a query-dependence algorithm. Essay On The Crucible And Mccarthyism? So the user would decide the essay, algorithm based on model, their queries. Conclusion ' In the project, a search engine has been made and as a platform, the anecdotes, ranking algorithms PAGERANK and HITS have been compared to let the search engine get the better results. Finally, the factors of evaluation have been brought forward and evaluate the compare contrast, search engine. Keywords ' search engine, crawler, index, database, query, reporting facility, PAGERANK, HITS.
With the rapidly development of the Internet technology, more and more people would like to derive information from the Internet. There are four main characters of the information in the web (Wei, 2005): hugeness, heterogeneity, dynamics, and semi-structured. College Essay Anecdotes? What is more, the information in essay writer, the web contains quantities of dynamic hyperlinks. With the essay anecdotes, features of the information in the web, the compare essay, most useful tool to college essay anecdotes search the internet is search engine. In 1994, the earliest search engine 'World Wide Web Worm' indexed about 110 thousand webpages. Compare Contrast Religions? However, there have been 350 million documents in the Internet, and essay the number of documents still increased by 1 million per day (Yibing, 2011).
According to the research by China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) in 2014, 'The 33rd Statistics Report for China Internet Developing Situation', by on the crucible and mccarthyism, December in 2013, the number of Chinese webpages has been up to 150 billion, up 22.2 percent on college essay anecdotes, last year's same period. Essay? However, the college essay, Chinese webpages are just the tip of the submerged iceberg. As a result, people could only use the search engines to letters access the information they want among such a large amount of information. College Essay Anecdotes? The report also says that by December in 2013, the number of search engine users in father role, China has raised to 490 million, up over 38 million on college essay, last year's same period, and the increasing rate is 8.5 percent while the use rate of the search engines has been to 79.3 percent. Therefore, how to what was social an historiographical search the useful and valuable information from such a plenty of information has been an important issue in college essay anecdotes, the field of information retrieval and and mccarthyism data mining.
B. Essay? Search Engine. In the background as shown above, the have a 2 sentence, search engine has been developed and is very popular among the Internet users, and nowadays, the search engine has been one of the most effective tools when it comes to the information retrieval. A search engine is a software system which merges almost every aspect of advanced technology, such as analysis of user behavior, natural language processing, data mining, information retrieval, and robot learning. The search engine would provide query services for the users after it crawls, indexes and ranks the webpages (Shuling, 2011). Essay? The query services include webpages, pictures, videos, or other types of documents. It supplies an effective measure for users to father model role search for information and navigation. Nowadays, the search engine seems to be an essential in the life of most people. If the search engine does not exist, it would be hard for people to search the anecdotes, information they want in the Internet.
It would be an awful thing and would lead the internet useless because everyone gets a lot of information but few is cv cover, actually they want. The basic function of a search engine is to navigate information based on the content of websites and webpages. It crawls all kinds of resources and college essay information, analyzes them automatically, gets the key words, and builds database using index. The users of a search engine inquire the database in compare, the webpage, and the results would include all the webpages whose content match the query. What is more, the college, search results would be sorted according to essay the importance of webpage and matching algorithm of key words (Xuesong, 2008:3). According to 'Knowledge Management' which is written by Jawadekar and Waman (2011), 'a search engine works as the following order: webpage crawling, indexing, and college searching'. Cv Cover Letters? First of all, automated web crawler which follows every link on college, the web site would retrieve and store information from the HTML markup of the webpages. And then the what, search engine would analyze the contents of webpages to determine which type of information (text, picture') is included, and how to index them. All the information would be stored in the index database for the later queries. Once the user inputs the query in the webpage of search engine, the index helps find information matching queries in the database as soon as possible. At the same time, it returns a list of best-matching webpages which contain the title and parts of college essay anecdotes, text according to its criteria.
However, nowadays, the search engine should work in a loop of crawling, indexing, and searching to update the information in the index. The data from the have sentence thesis, report of 'The 33rd Statistics Report for China Internet Developing Situation' shows that several most frequent Internet service are communication(86.2 percent), information retrieval(79.3 percent), entertainment(54.7 percent), and commercial trade(48.9 percent). The above data proves that the four Internet services have been the essential part of most people's lives. And because of the anecdotes, specific feature of the search engine, it solves the problems of how to search the valuable and useful information for the users, which is the main reason why people are interested in it, and essay crucible and mccarthyism the search engine become the necessary tool in the people's daily life. C. Ranking Algorithm. In the early age of the search engine technology development, the users pay more attention to whether the searched results are relevant to the query. As a result, the information could only be classified as relevant or not when it comes to the keywords in college, the query. Therefore, the searched results would combine as a disordered and Boolean relevant set of information. With the development of the search engine technology, there appear the ranking algorithms based on the content of webpages. The algorithm would weigh the webpages by the frequency and position of the keyword of the query in the webpages.
Specifically, if a keyword appears more times, the relevance between the webpage and the query would be higher; and if the position of the keyword is more important, the authority of the webpage is higher. Therefore, the rank of the webpage in the result set would be higher. Then, the ranking algorithms based on the hyperlinks analysis appear. Have A 2 Sentence? The kind of algorithms takes the methodology of citation analysis in essay, the traditional information index theory, which considers the hyperlinks as the quotation of the webpage, and if the times of a webpage is cited more, the authority value would be higher; and uk if a webpage is quoted by an authority webpage, the authority value of the webpage would be higher, and finally the rank of the webpage would be higher. Nowadays, the famous search engines such as Google take the kind of algorithms.
However, the algorithm only considers the importance and authority of the webpage, but not the relevance between the content of webpages and college anecdotes the queries. Therefore, the algorithms have been developed by adding the essay, computation of the topic relevance and several other factors which might influence the ranking. Nowadays, the ranking algorithms would exert influence on the evaluation of a search engine whether they could put the valuable and useful information at the first of the results list, which is the core problem of the search engines for college anecdotes the users. D. Purpose of Project. The first purpose of the project is to implement a search engine, which includes a web crawler which could get all the cv cover, resources and information of the webpages, an index which could save data from the crawler, a graphic user interface which is college, convenient for users to input a query and return the result list to the users, and several ranking algorithms which rank the search results. The second purpose of the project is to compare the ranking algorithms PAGERANK and HITS to find their advantages and disadvantages and which ranking algorithm would be more suitable for the search engine in letters uk, the project. Design a web crawler. Build and maintain an index. Design a GUI (such that a user can pose queries). Implement a basic ranking algorithm (which ranks the search results for college a given query).
Implement a well-known ranking algorithm such as PAGERANK. Improve the GUI by allowing more complicated user queries (e.g. using Boolean opereators). Implement a reporting facility that collects all searches perfomed by any user of the tool for statistical analysis. Design another well-known ranking algorithm such as HITS and compare it with PAGERANK. Implement a visual representation of the data collected by the reporting facility. A. Development of Search Engine. According to the criterion of ranking the results, the search engine could be classified as three generations (Lina et al., 2011). The first generation search engine ranks the role, results according to essay the relevance between the webpages and the queries. And the relevance is computed by weighing and scoring the keywords in the query. The kind of search engines searches the results based on essay, the content of the webpages, generally, there are two methods. The first one classifies the webpages in the different indexes by using the traditional library information management and the users could search the college, results by searching the indexes.
The most representative search engine is Yahoo and becomes the foundation of other websites of search engines. The second one is based on the match between the content of uk, webpages and the queries. It considers whether the webpages contain the keywords and college anecdotes the position and on the and mccarthyism frequency of the keywords in a webpage to anecdotes decide if the what was social an historiographical essay, webpage is relevant with the query or not. The most representative and famous search engine is AltaVista, and the relevant technology is adopted by other search engines, and anecdotes finally developed to be the basic algorithm of the search technology. However, the first generation search engines has the obvious drawbacks, the first method promises the relevance, but it is not automatic, as a result, it is not convenient for the users to use the search engine. While the second one uses the keywords in an historiographical essay, the query, which could be cheated by the spam webpages. To avoid the defects, the second generation search engines are developed. Actually, the second generation search engines scores the importance of the webpage by whether it is clicked by college essay anecdotes, the users and how long the users would like to spend in the webpage or the number of the medicine an historiographical essay, in-hyperlinks in the webpage. Since 1996, the researchers have started to use the method of the hyperlinks which is originated by the method of citation analysis. The citation analysis method is to analyze the citation relationship among the literatures and mark and essay index the literature by quotation language. In the method, if one paper is cited by more paper, the paper would be more valuable and important.
And if one paper is cited by more important paper, the on the crucible, paper itself would be more important. In the same way, there is similar 'citation' relationship which is called hyperlinks among the webpages. The signification of the college anecdotes, hyperlink method is not only just a novel ranking algorithm, but also the algorithm is automatic, as a result, the a 2, algorithm allows users to search the big scale of the webpages, at the same time, the algorithm also considers the relevance of the results and the speed of searching. What is also worth noticing is that the algorithms based on the hyperlinks have lots of benefits. However, it is not the only kind of college essay anecdotes, ranking algorithms in the second generation search engines. There are still many other algorithms based on the hyperlinks adding the analysis of the content of the webpages and some other factors to rank the results.
The third generation is the intelligent search engine, the main character of which is to satisfy the specific needs of the users. Reviews Writer? In fact, the second generation has been improved in the evaluation factor of precision and recall compared with the first generation and is still the essay anecdotes, mainstream in the Internet. However, the algorithms in the second generation have not considered the query, which means that once the query includes many keywords which belong to different fields, the relevance of the results would not satisfy the users. The situation requires the users to have the search skill to get better results. As a result, the search engines need to understand and on the and mccarthyism guess the intention of the users so as to help the users filter the results. The intelligent search engines shown above are the third generation search engine. Nowadays, there are some search engines which are essentially different with the second search engines. For example, natural language search engine, clustering search engine, semantic search engine and so on. The kind of search engines is generically called the third generation search engine. B. College? Problem Domain. According to 'Search Engines Information Retrieval in can you have a 2, Practice' (W.Bruce, 2010), there are three 'big issues' in the field of information retrieval in college anecdotes, the 1960s, and the problems have not been solved nowadays.
The major core problem is relevance, which is a basic conception of information retrieval. If the essay on the crucible and mccarthyism, index database compares a query with the information in the index simply and returns the exact match, the relevance of the results would not be good enough because different words could express the same meaning, and it is called 'vocabulary mismatch problem' in information retrieval (Furnas et al., 1987). As a result, it is necessary to distinguish the concepts of topical relevance and user relevance. Anecdotes? The queries are in essay writer, the same topic if a query and key words in the index are topical relevant. For example, weather and snow are topical relevant. When it comes to the user relevant, the results would be based on the history records of the user. To solve the problem of relevant, researchers bring forward many retrieval models, which are the fundament of essay, ranking algorithm. A search engine uses ranking algorithms to yield the result list.
And a good ranking algorithm could find most of the query relevant results. However, most of ranking algorithms are based on the static feature of the text rather than language structure, which means the ranking algorithms would consider more about the reviews essay, number of college, words appearing than whether the word is a noun or adjective. Some advanced algorithms consider the language structure as the second factor of ranking the webpages while the most important is essay father model, still appearing rate of words. The second core problem is evaluation problem. In 1960s, Cyril Cleverdon made the evaluation method (Cyril, 1970). He used two evaluation factors'precision and recall which are even popular now. Precision is a factor which matches intuition and college essay it is the ratio of relevant document of all the can you have a 2 sentence thesis, searched documents. Recall is the proportion of searched documents of the whole documents.
And there is a hypothesis when recall is college essay anecdotes, used: Given the query, all the relevant documents are available. It is essay, obviously impossible for a large database. However, it would be useful when it comes to the smaller test collection. What is more, the college essay, clickthrough rate records the clicked documents during the process of search. Cv Cover Letters? It could be one of the evaluation factors because the essay, clickthrough rate with other log data is relevant with relevance.
But in the project, clickthrough cannot be tested to letters uk evaluate the search engine. However, the search engine company still uses relevance judgment as a supplement to college anecdotes determine the was social medicine essay, effectiveness of the results. The third core problem is how to pay attention to the users and their needs. College Essay Anecdotes? After all, the can you have sentence, evaluation is user-centered, which means the users decide whether a search engine is good or not. However, keyword queries are often poor descriptions of actual information needs. For example, 'blue' might be a color or a feeling or a type of song.
Therefore, lots of researches about interaction between users and the search engine have been done. Finally, query refinement techniques such as query expansion, query suggestion, relevance feedback refine the query and improve the college, ranking results. This section describes the software requirements which include software I have selected and the reason why I selected them, and then it explains the architectural design of my search engine. A. Software Requirements. The search engine is developed using Eclipse running on a Windows 8 operating system.
The comparison of several kinds of essay crucible and mccarthyism, technique in platforms and college essay application of platforms are shown respectively as Table 1 and Table 2 (Jing, 2010: 25). As the project might run in cross-platform, considering speed, cost, and expansionism, I choose the JSP to be my development technology. And Eclipse is convenient to debug and run the java code, so I consider it as my programming software. And I use Tomcat (a web application server developed by letters, the same company of JSP) to configure the web environment and publish my search engine webpage. B. College Essay? System Architecture. According to the basic procedure and the function of a simple search engine written above, I take the architecture shown as Figure 1, which is contrast religions, based on a similar figure that can be found in 'Development of Lucene + Nutch Search Engine' (Xuesong, 2008). It is composed by 5 main modules which are crawling of webpage information, analysis of essay anecdotes, webpage content, foundation of webpage index, sorting of webpage search result, and tools and interfaces of webpage retrieval. The main modules could finish the whole webpage search engine with other information retrieval technology. Crawling of webpage information.
The software or system which collects the webpage information is called a web crawler. Generally, a web crawler uses the hyperlink in the webpage to traversal of the whole Internet, which means the crawler could crawl from on the crucible and mccarthyism, one HTML document to another HTML document by URL references. Suppose the Internet is a super large graph whose node is the webpage and directed edge is the hyperlink in the webpage. And then we could use the college, method of graph traversal to access the Internet (Gang and essay role Zhendong, 2010: 11-12). Anecdotes? Generally, the Internet graph could be traversed by two methods which are breadth-first traversal and depth-first traversal respectively. However, if the the depth-first traversal is used, the crawler might fall in the much 'depth' of the essay model, graph (most of them would be spam or useless information) or go into the 'black hole' (The black hole is the college, hyperlink of the page points to essay model role itself, or the different URLs point to college the same webpage) of the Internet so that it could not get out to search other webpages. Compare Religions Essay? While we could not use the complete breadth-first traversal because the results would be affected by initial URL the user chooses to a large extent. As a result, two methods described above are not suitable in college anecdotes, the project. Luckily, there is a third method to traverse the Internet which is called the preferential crawler (Bing, 2009: 201).
The preferential crawler would allocate each webpage a value of medicine essay, importance at the first place. And then the method would be the same with breadth-first traversal except that the initial webpage would be the college anecdotes, most important webpage, and the next webpage would be the father, second most important webpage, and so on. Now, the problem is how much each webpage values. Actually, there are many factors affecting the importance of a webpage, such as popularity of hyperlink, the importance of the hyperlink, average depth of hyperlink, quality of the website, and the weight of history etc. The popularity of hyperlink depends on the number and quality of backlinks which link to the current URL.
And we define it as IB(P). The importance of hyperlink is a function of anecdotes, string of URL. For example, the URL with '.com' or 'home' would be more important than those with '.cc' or 'map'. And we call it as IL(P). Then, we could define the importance of webpage I(P) as following (Gang and Zhendong, 2010:22): In the function, a and b are the parameters which adjust the proportion of IB(P) and sentence IL(P). And the average depth of link would be guaranteed by the breadth-first algorithm. Analysis of webpage content. Generally, the webpages or the documents which are crawled by the web crawler would be analyzed at college essay the first place for building the essay, index later. The analysis should filter the format information and advertisement in the webpage to get the anecdotes, effective document content.
In the project, I use the 'regular expression' to finish the process of essay and mccarthyism, analysis. The 'regular expression' could extract the valid information from webpages by matching texts with the 'regular expression pattern'. The module of the analysis part is shown as figure 2 (Xuesong, 2008:46). Natural Language Process. Actually, the anecdotes, 'regular expression' just eliminates the spam in the webpages but not extract the important information. For example, in an historiographical essay, each book, the words like 'a', 'of' cannot be avoided, however, in most circumstances, these words are not the focus of the search engine users.
As a result, these words could be neglected and not listed in the key words. The natural language process should also be used in the query of users. If the user inputs a sentence as a query, the search engine would give worse results compared that break the college anecdotes, sentence down to several key words when the natural language process is not used. So, it is what was social medicine essay, very important to let the college essay, search engine understand the natural language. The first thing I dealt with is to set a list of stop words like 'of' and 'the'. These words are neither the focus of the users, nor cannot provide any information. The common of these words is that they appear very frequently so that if consider them as key words, much memory would be wasted and can you more useless results would appear. The second I have done is to college essay anecdotes neglect the tense of the verbs and the plural of the nouns. It could be done by extracting the 'stem' of the words so that the tense, the plural or other forms converting would be ignored. For example, the stem word of father model role, 'universal', 'universe', 'university', and college essay anecdotes 'universities' is 'univers'.
As a result, conversion of most words could be found and would not affect the match between the queries and the key words in father role, the index. Foundation of webpage index. The webpages have to be indexed for college essay the later use. And a better designed index could increase searching speed and locate the webpage more preciously so as to decrease the cost. The function of index is to analyze the search information, extract key words from the documents, and build the index table of documents. There are many index models in the field of search engine, such as inverted document index, vector space model, probability model and so on. And it is very important because the structure and effectiveness are the keys of web information index system. As a result, it is required to be easy to implement, maintain, retrieval information quickly, and need little space. Nowadays, most search engines use the inverted index to be the index model (Manish, 2011) because the structure is proper to response the key words retrieval quickly.
Its structure considers the key words as index key words and access entrance of linked list. And the inverted index could determine the list of document directly through index keywords. To get the performance of the search engine better, the inverted index is usually stored in letters uk, the memory. And to reduce the pressure of the memory, the document is represented by a unique document code while all the documents and their codes would be stored in the database. The basic structure of inverted index is showed below as figure 3 (Xuesong, 2008: 67). In the figure 3, the key words are the results of 'analysis of webpage content', and the documents in the inverted index are actually the code of documents. Each item in the structure of inverted index is an index item with relevant information generated by the key words. The advantage of inverted index is that it changes the organization of information to be convenient to retrieval information while other models have to search every document to find out whether the key words are included or not. Sort of results. There are a lot of webpages (web spams) which include most keywords but only the keywords. Absolutely, they are not the users' needs.
To avoid the spams filling in the list of results and let the users find what they want as soon as possible, it is very important to sort the results. During the sorting process, the college essay anecdotes, importance of the webpage itself would take effect. And PAGERANK and HITS algorithms could calculate the importance of webpages based on the structure of the Web (Gang, 2011: 80). A famous and popular way to sort the results is the PAGERANK algorithm. Father Model Role? The results yielded by the search engine are generally sorted by the importance of the webpage itself which could be measured by the connection among webpages. The PAGERANK method suppose the Internet as a democracy environment, we could measure the importance of webpage by the link structure. For example, when webpage A has a link to webpage B, the weight of webpage B would increase (Xuesong, 2008:235). There are two hypothesizes in the PAGERANK algorithm (Junlin, 2012: 138). One of them is that if a page is linked many times, the webpage is very important. If a webpage is linked by another important webpage, the webpage is also important. In a word, the importance could be passed among webpages.
The other hypothesis is essay, that users access webpage randomly, browse the webpage with the essay on the, hyperlinks, and never go back to college anecdotes browse the previous webpage. As a result, the next webpage is more important than the previous one. However, there is a serious problem in PAGERANK that the PAGERANK is not query dependent so that each webpage would have the same value of PAGERANK for all queries. What is more, spam pages could link to one webpage to promote the importance of the on the, page. Besides, the college essay, third problem in PAGERANK that only uses in-links to a page and never uses out-links. To figure out the problems, we could use the HITS algorithm which defines the authority that many other pages point to the webpage and the hug that the page has outgoing links to many other pages.
The basic idea is similar to PAGERANK that dig the essay crucible, useful information by links in the Internet. College Anecdotes? And HITS algorithm considers authority and hug respectively that it evaluates hug based on the evaluation of cv cover letters uk, authority. Finally, a weight would be assigned to the webpage. The authority is relevant with the quality of content information so as to attract many webpages to link while the college, hug is relevant with the quality of hyperlink page which is provided by the webpage. The higher authority webpages a webpage links, the higher its hug would be (Christopher, 2008).
And the input of the HITS algorithm is on the crucible and mccarthyism, known query relevant webpages, as a result, HITS algorithm usually supplies the webpages which are relevant to anecdotes the query which is unlike the PAGERANK algorithm. It means that the number of webpages 'HITS' searched would be more than that of on the and mccarthyism, 'PAGERANK'. However, there are some disadvantages in the HITS algorithm. The first of all is that it is a query relevant algorithm which means it could not start calculating until the essay anecdotes, users input the query. The second problem is that tightly-knit community effect could happen, which means if the religions essay, query-relevant webpages link to other webpages which are not relevant and link to each other, the HITS algorithm would give them a high rank so that users might not get the query relevant information. The third is essay anecdotes, that the structure is not stable, which means if one webpage is deleted or the writer, few links change, the sorting according to the HITS algorithm would be great changed (Junlin, 2012: 144). Graphical User Interface. In the section of graphical user interface (GUI), based on the famous search engine company Google, the home page would be very simple and convenient for users to search the information that he/she wants to. And my home page would be much more simply because the search engine could only search the college anecdotes, webpage and text. The current home page is essay role, shown as figure 4:
The users could input the words or the anecdotes, sentence they want to search in the left text box while they could type the number of results per page (n) they want in the right text box. And a brief introduction has been given for sentence thesis the users to use the search engine more easily. The next webpage would show the previous n results of all the results. Essay? And at sentence thesis the same time the college anecdotes, page would tell the user how many results in total, the have a 2 sentence, titles of searched webpages, the contents which include the words that the user searches, the websites of college, searched webpages, the time when the webpage is crawled which is helpful for the update of the database of the whole search engine, and which page current webpage is. Users could also click the button to select the first page, the previous page, the next page and the last page. What is compare contrast essay, more, users could decide which method to rank the results (HITS or PAGERANK). Suppose a user wants to search the 'robot' information and let the search engine return 3 results per page. They input the word 'robot' in the lefe and '3' in the right, and then press the button 'search'. The next page would be as figure 5: We could find out from the essay, picture above that there are six results in compare contrast religions, total and it shows the first five webpages that include the anecdotes, word 'robot', which is highlighted in the current page.
And at the top of the page, users could choose using the 'PAGERANK' or 'HITS' to rank the pages. At the bottom of the page, users could see other results in the next page by clicking 'Next'. The pattern of writer, next page is almost the same as the one above. And when users click 'PAGERANK' or 'HITS', the different results and ranking methods would be shown. What is worth noticing is the college essay anecdotes, essential difference between 'PAGERANK' and 'HITS'. In the instruction of the report, three core problems have been brought forward. And a part of the essay, first problem and the third problem could be solved by essay, 'analysis of webpage content' and essay model 'natural language process'. And the main aim of the reporting facility is to anecdotes provide the information of 'user-relevant' so as to essay solve the other part of the first problem. The reporting facility is responsible to record every query the user has done.
When the new query is input, the search engine would find the similar information of the old queries, and the results would have the characteristic of the user. College Essay? The other aim of reporting facility is to let the user know what other users are searching. When the user inputs the query, the query would be stored in the database. And at the same time, the old queries could be loaded from the database to compare the new query to crucible and mccarthyism find the anecdotes, similar information. The database would store the key words, the times that the contrast essay, key words has been searched, and the last time when the key word is searched. What is essay anecdotes, more, if any user wants to see what he/she has searched before, the queries could have been visualized in the graphical user interface. According to the deliveries and typical criterion of search engine, some experiments have been done to evaluate the search engine I have made. And the test case would be the webpages of 'Durham University' which means that the webpages the crawler crawls start with 'www.dur.ac.uk'. The criterion and the results of the experiments would be shown. Finally, the solutions to the problems in the part of 'problem domain' and the benefits and deflects of the search engine would be demonstrated. Criterion of essay model, Evaluating the Search Engine.
In 1973, Lancaster and Fayen listed 6 factors to evaluate the search engines, coverage, recall ratio, precision ratio, response time, user effort, and format output (Lancaster and Fayen, 1973). Although the index has been brought forward over 40 years ago, and the target is the traditional online information retrieval system. However, in anecdotes, terms of the essence of information retrieval system, the evaluation factors are still useful even nowadays. Later, after Heting Chu and essay writer Marilyn Rosenthal analyze and compare three famous search engines (Alta Vista, Excite, and Lycos), they come up with five aspects to evaluate the search engines, respectively indexing, search power, search effect, output, and users' burden (Chu and Rosenthal, 1996). With the development of the research, the user experience is paid more and college essay anecdotes more attention. Belkin considers the uk, essential issue in the information retrieval system is anomalous state of knowledge (ASK) (Belkin, 1993), which is an important part of the information retrieval model. Bell considers the essay, complexity of the web based on the former research, and focus on the user experience when evaluating the essay writer, search engine (Bell, 1998). Considering the standard criterion above and the concrete condition of the current mainstream search engines, I think the following criterion is reasonable to evaluate the search engine in general. Capability of the Search Engine. The factor includes the capacity and coverage of the database of the search engine, the content and the depth of essay anecdotes, indexing, and the novel rate of the database.
The first one would affect the 'recall' factor directly according to the statistics, which shows that the more webpages the database has, the more results might be searched. Usually, the index database is composed of URL, name of document, content, titles, sub-titles and essay so on. The content of the combination would affect the precision of the college, search engines directly. In the meanwhile, the organization of the contrast essay, webpages is a multilayered hypertext structure, and essay the depth of contrast religions essay, indexing means which layer the college, search engines index. For example, some search engines only index the home page (the first layer) while some others index deeper layer. The other meaning of the depth is whether the search index all the webpage or just some content. For example, some search engines only index the name or the title of the HTML document while others index the whole content of the webpages. Generally, the more content a search engine indexes, the better the indexing effect is and crucible the more resources would be occupied. The novel rate includes two aspects, uniqueness and update frequency. Essay Anecdotes? Uniqueness of a search engine is the ratio of the unique results which other search engines do not contain in compare religions essay, all the results the search engine returns.
And nowadays, the update frequency is very important because the information in essay anecdotes, the web varies largely in a second and is unpredictable. As a result, the search engine has to promise the was social, ''' of the information and avoid the 'dead hyperlinks'. When it comes to my search engine, the test case is the webpages of 'Durham University', the capacity of the college anecdotes, database is limited. Contrast Religions Essay? However, the anecdotes, content and the depth of indexing would be very comprehensive, which means that the compare religions, database would save all the contents of each webpage. But, the college, database would never be updated because it is not an on-line version now. The aim of the test is to letters uk evaluate the performance but not the capability. The factor includes construction of indexing expression and the indexing function. In 1998, Rousseau et al. found that one of the difficulties is essay, how to bring forward keywords and use the different command indicators when using the on-line library (Fang and Salvendy, 2000). In fact, the search engine has the same problem with the on-line library.
And for the most search engines, the cv cover letters, queries the users input are the most important factor for the results. However, the queries would be different even if when the different users search the same target. To solve the problem, some search engines (such as AskJeeves) would provide some other relevant keywords to give the college essay, users more choices to cv cover get more and better results. And some user-friendly search engine supply the college, toolbar and dropdown menu to help the users come up with more detailed query so as to get more satisfied results. The number and effects of indexing functions provided by the search engines would affect the indexing results seriously. And many indexing technologies used in the traditional on-line indexing system are developed to be the important technologies in the search engine field, such as Boolean index, truncation index, position index, and limited index. In the meanwhile, the graphic user interface has been separated as the normal index interface and advanced index interface according to the needs of the what, users.
And almost all the search engines do not differentiate the anecdotes, lowercase and uppercase of the words and consider the medicine an historiographical essay, list of stop words. In my search engine, I take the simpleness as the most important factor in the graphic user interface. As a result, there is no toolbar and college essay dropdown menu existing. However, it has its own stop words list and do not differentiate the lowercase and uppercase of the sentence, words. Furthermore, it supports the college, Boolean query to help users get more satisfied results. This factor is very important to was social an historiographical essay evaluate the search engine I have made because the search engine could be quantized to compare with other search engines. The search engine has to deal with more information, which is the significant different from on-line indexing system. If the indexing algorithms were not improved, it would take lots of time to deal with a simple search. And most of the users would not wait for the search engine when they use it to search the information. There are no standard test cases to test the average response time of the search engines.
And it is not fair to compare my search engine with the famous search engine like Google because the scale of the database is not comparative. As a result, I would give some words randomly and give a simple list of response time of the essay anecdotes, words. The experiments have been tested when the number of webpages is 998 and the number of the keywords is 185451. The detail information would be listed as table 1. From the table 1, we could see that the process of searching would take too much time for the user. There are two main reasons slowing down the speed of the search engine. The first one is that the graphic user interface requires the reviews, part of content which include the keywords returns. If we just revise it to college anecdotes return just the title or just one sentence, the time would be reduced to less than 1 second. The second one affecting time is the query in compare, the database. For supporting the fuzzy query, the query 'like' has to be used, however, it takes too much time.
If the fuzzy query is not a necessary, the time accessing the college anecdotes, database would decrease significantly. Recall and Precision. These two factors are very important in the past when the information is limited. However, nowadays, the users pay more attention to whether the hyperlinks of the information they want appear in the first several pages. The following table shows the relationship between the retrieved webpages and relevance (C.J., 2010). The calculation of recall and precision is as follows: In the compare contrast religions essay, function, |.| means the college, number of '.'.
As the equation shows, the measure of these two factors in the search engine would not be easy, especially for the recall because it is even harder to get the number of 'A'. What is more, in my search engine, we could suggest that in the PAGERANK method, there is no non-relevant retrieved webpage existing because the Boolean match has been used. In a word, the value of these factors would be very high in essay father role, my search engine but it is useless to compare with other search engines by these two factors. The format and content of essay anecdotes, output. The outputs of the results are different among search engines, however, there are almost three parts: title, summary, and URL in all the search engines, what is more, the keywords are highlighted in some search engines.
What is more, some search engines add introduction, type, webpage size, date, hyperlinks to detail the essay on the and mccarthyism, results. College? Furthermore, the search engine would show that how long it would take and how many results it returns. If the number of the can you a 2 sentence, results would be large, the keyword is not useful for searching while the number is small demonstrates that the keyword is too special. In the graphic user interface of my search engine, it would return all the basic parts above and the keywords are highlighted. What is college, more, it would return time and the number of results. In the part, three more functions are included, post-processing, assistance process, and information filter. The post-processing allows the users to type more keywords to search the information in the former results. During the process of assistance, search engines usually provide the preview function or cached snapshot function. The information filtering include two aspects, one is that the search engine would filter some unhealthy information for the immaturity while the other aspect is to essay father model return different results to essay anecdotes different users according to the users' history records. In my search engine, there are no functions such as 'search in the result', preview, and information filtering. However, the reporting facility would save the users' queries so as to analyze it later.
Comparison between the cv cover, PAGERANK and HITS. According to the principle of the PAGERANK and HITS algorithm, it seems that they are similar which are based on the hyperlinks and use the eigenvector. However, the differences between the algorithms are obvious according to the principles and experiments. The first one is that HITS algorithm is query-dependent because the authority of the HITS is the essay, weight of the indexing theme. However, PAGERANK is a query-independent algorithm because it is independent with the indexing theme. The PAGERANK algorithm is essay father model, based on the 'reference analysis', addition with the quality of the Internet. It not only considers the college essay anecdotes, number of the in-linked webpages, but also regards the importance of the in-linked webpages. The second one is that HITS algorithm gets the initial processing data based on the text search engine, and the importance of the webpages passes from the hub page to the authority page. What is more, in the HITS algorithm, the essay writer, hub and the authority improve each other. While the essay, PAGERANK algorithm is based on the random surfer model, which means that the cv cover letters, importance of the webpages transfers among the authority webpages.
The third one is that the response time of the HITS algorithm is more than that of the PAGERANK algorithm. Although the essay, HITS algorithm analyzes the fewer webpages, however, it has to extract the initial results set from the search engine and expand to the basic results set, which would take lots of time. While superficially the PAGERANK algorithm deals with more webpages, but the processing runs in advance, as a result, the response time seems less. This section contains evaluations on the work carried out during the course. The first sub-section focuses on evaluating the solutions selected and a 2 the second sub-section assesses the implementation and evaluation of the resulting systems. Evaluation of Solutions. The final aim of the college, project is to build a search engine and compare the ranking algorithm PAGERANK and HITS. To realize the aim, the deliverables have been shown in reviews essay, the introduction part. The following part is to evaluate each part in the deliverables. The first one in the minimum objectives is to design a web crawler. The detail has been introduced and it actually works.
However, there are some problems in the crawler part. The biggest problem is that the college, crawler crawls the webpages so fast that sometimes it would be misunderstood as a malware. For example, when the crawler crawls the test case which is exactly the webpage in the Durham University, the firewall of the university is always triggered and father role stop the crawler continue crawling. Essay? The second problem is that the compare religions, crawler part takes too much time because it has to run on line. Each time the crawler saves a document, it would save the hyperlinks in anecdotes, the document in a array. However, not all the hyperlinks could be connected, as a result, the code has to get the HTTP code from the Internet, which would take time. Only when the HTTP code is 200, the hyperlink could be connected, otherwise, the hyperlink could not be access. Another time-consuming part is to remove the duplicated URLs from the array when the scale of array is large. Cv Cover Uk? As a result, it is very easy to solve the problem actually.
As long as let the crawler wait for 1 or 2 seconds, the firewall would not be triggered, however, the crawler part would take more time because of the second problem. The second in the minimum objectives is to essay build and maintain an index. Here I choose the an historiographical, inverted index as the index model because it has been widely used in college essay, many famous search engines, even the biggest open source search engine Lucene has been using the inverted index. And the benefits of the inverted index are obvious and have been introduced in the solution part. The third in the minimum objectives and the second in the intermediate objectives is to design a graphic user interface. The principle of the GUI part is simple and convenient to use, which just include two input boxes which user could input the father model, query and college anecdotes the number of results per page respectively, a very simple instruction guiding users to can you have a 2 use the search engine, and several keys for users to choose the ranking algorithm they like. If I have more time, there are lots of things to do. For example, the college essay anecdotes, function of 'search in the results' and cached snapshoot could be added to satisfy the users. Crucible? The Boolean operators like '+','-' ,'|' could be used in the query to get more accurate information the user wants. More Boolean operators could be added if the more time is essay anecdotes, given. The last one in the minimum objectives, the third one in the intermediate objectives and the first one in the advanced objectives are to implement ranking algorithms, and the basic ranking algorithm I choose is a simple one, the can you have sentence, Boolean model added fuzzy search to return the relevant webpages.
The method promises that the anecdotes, returned results are definitely relevant to the query, which means that the precision of the search engine would be 100 percent. However, some other models have not been tested and cannot be compared each other. The PAGERANK algorithm and can you have sentence HITS algorithm I implement is the most original one, which could compare and analyze the results more easily. However, the effect of the original algorithms might not be good so that it would definitely affect the evaluation of the college, search engine. The last one in the intermediate objectives and the last one in the advanced objectives are to build and visualize a reporting facility which stores the users' query for statistical analysis. The part works but it is not a former work of providing the sentence, users their unique results even if they search the same word. In the college essay anecdotes, end, although all the given objectives were completed, the improvements could still be done to make the search engine better and to make the test data more convinced. Evaluation of Implementation. According to the 'Results' part, the search engine has been evaluated. However, there are still some problems need to be solved. First of all, the test case is not good.
And because of the dynamics of the essay, Internet, many webpages could not be accessed after it has been crawled. Furthermore, the disadvantage of the crawler leads to the limited scale of the test case. As a result, it seems that the capability of the search engine is not good. But it is not true, if more time could be given, the detail in the crawling algorithm would be improved and the scale of the test case would be larger, the speed would rise significantly. The second worth noticing is that the essay, indexing method, the what was social an historiographical essay, Boolean query could work and the quality of the returned results is high. However, the college essay anecdotes, toolbar and dropdown menu would be added if I have more time. In the third part, we could see that the response time is a little intolerable, the reasons of which have been analyzed and the quantities of experiments could prove that reading and analyzing the sentence which include the key words from raw file which downloads from the webpages directly take too much time. If just one sentence or just title is cv cover, returned, the time would be reduced significantly. College? And it seems that the recall and precision are not good factors to evaluate my search engine.
However, there are no more famous factors to evaluate the search engine as the problem domain in the 'Related Work' says. The format and content in my search engine keep the same form with other famous search engines such as Google. The last part of evaluation in my search engine could not be measured because it is more like a expansion and future work of the project. In a word, the experiments could prove that the search engine could work and be able to compare the letters uk, PAGERANK and HITS algorithms clearly, which realize the basic purpose of the project. But there are lots of essay, details that could be improved. The purpose of the project is to build a search engine and compare the PAGERANK and HITS ranking algorithms.
The work has been separated to several sub-modules and each part has been done as deliverables, crawler, index, and graphic user interface. During the process of building the reviews essay, search engine, some key techniques have been breakthrough and three key problems have been tried to be solved. The crawler takes the preferential traversal to access the college anecdotes, whole Internet. The benefit is that it not only avoids the black hole in the Internet, but also allows the most important webpages to be crawled at first. And then the documents the crawler has crawled have to be dealt with for the indexing using. The content of the webpages always contains the useless format information and advertisements.
As a result, the keywords in the content have to be extracted and essay on the crucible and mccarthyism the spam in the Internet is essay anecdotes, also filtered. The aim of the part includes extracting words, eliminating punctuation mark, convert between uppercase and lowercase letters, resuming word stem, eliminating conjunction and high frequency words. What is and mccarthyism, more, the dictionary of stop words is built to extract the useful key words from the content and the stems of the words are used to neglect the tense of the verbs and the plural of the nouns. In the index part, the inverted index is used rather than the normal index which would increase the searching speed significantly. And the ranking algorithms I have implemented include the basic Boolean algorithm, PAGERANK algorithm, and HITS algorithm. The graphic user interface is designed to be simple and convenient to be used by the users. And the reporting facility saves all the queries of the users for the statistics use and would finally be used in the future. In the problem domain in the part of 'Related Work', three issues have been brought forward. The first one is how to define relevance, in my search engine, the techniques of the Boolean match, stems of the words, and natural language processing are used to solve the problem effectively.
The second issue is essay, how to evaluate the search engine. Can You Have? In the part of 'Results', the whole system of evaluation has been given, although it is college, not appropriate for evaluating my search engine, however, it is quite a good system for evaluating the common search engine because it covers almost every aspect of the search engine. Essay On The? The last issue is how to satisfy the users. In my search engine, the former work has been done by the reporting facility. However, the problem has not been solved in the project. But it is definitely the focus of the future work. Luo Gang and Wang Zhendong , (2010). Writing a web crawler by yourself, 1st Ed., Tsinghua Univeristy Press.
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Of the a 2 sentence thesis, 59th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science, pp.127-135. Belkin, IV.j.,(1993). 'Interaction with texts: information retrieval as information-seeking behavior, Information Retrieval '93'55-66. Bell, S. 'Guidelines for the development of methodologies to evaluate Internet search engines:' Please do a couple of college essay, searches and send the have a 2 thesis, feedback to me''. Glasgow: Department of Information Science, University of Strathelyde (MSeThesis), 1998. X. Fang and G. Salvendy(2000). 'Keyword comparison: a user-centered feature for improving web search tools', Int.J.Human-Computer Studies, Vol.52:915-931. C.J. van RIJSBERGEN(2010). Information Retrieval. Available at: http://www.dcs.gla.ac.uk/Keith/pdf/Chapter7.pdf (Accessed: 28 April 2014) If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Information Technology essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you.
Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and college essay you could have your customised Information Technology work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Information Technology essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to essay father role provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Search Engines . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/information-technology/search-engine.php [06-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal:
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copy business plan Write a Winning Business Plan. B usiness P lanning. What are the Benefits? Every wholesale, retail, and/or service business can benefit from the preparation of college anecdotes, a carefully written business plan. There are two main purposes for writing that plan. Compare Contrast. There is an additional benefit if you do business internationally. Your business plan will serve as your guide during the lifetime of college essay anecdotes, your operation. Was Social Medicine Essay. It is the blueprint of your business and will provide you with the essay anecdotes tools to analyze your operation and medicine implement changes that will increase your sales and, ultimately, your profitability.
A business plan is a requirement if you are planning to seek financing. It will provide potential lenders or investors with detailed information on all aspects of your company's past and current operations and provide future projections. If you do business internationally, a business plan provides a standard means of essay, evaluating your products' business potential in a foreign marketplace. Business Plan Outline. The following pages provide a suggested outline of the essay material to be included in your business plan. Anecdotes. Your final plan may vary according to your specific needs or individual requirements of your lender or investor.
Cover Sheet (Serves as the title page of your business plan) Name, address, and phone number of the company. Name, title, address, phone number of can you, owners/corporate officers. Month and year your plan was prepared. Name of essay anecdotes, preparer. Copy number of the plan. Table of Contents (Quick reference to major topics covered in your plan) The executive summary is the abstract of your business plan. It summarizes the content and purpose of your finished plan, covering all of the key points. This is a key section if you are seeking funding. Your Company (introductory overview - who, what, where it is and why it is unique)
Market Opportunity (opportunities your company is reviews positioned to essay, take advantage of) Capital Requirements, Breakdown of cv cover uk, Uses of Funds, Repayment of Loan or Benefits to essay, Investors. (include only if you are seeking funding) Management (who they are and strengths each one brings to reviews, the company) Competitors (direct and indirect); list their strengths and college essay anecdotes weaknesses. Your Company's Competitive Advantages.
Financial Projections (summary of Income Statement Projections for next 3 years) Note : Write the was social medicine an historiographical executive summary after you have completed your business plan. It is a summary. Part I: The Organizational Plan. What is included? This section should include a summary description of your business statement followed by information on the administrative end of your company. Summary Description of the Business. In a paragraph or two give a broad overview of the anecdotes nature of your business, telling when and why the company was formed. Cv Cover Letters Uk. Then complete the summary by college, briefly addressing:
mission (projecting short- and long-term goals) business model (describe your company's model and religions essay why it is unique to your industry) strategy (give an overview of the strategy, focusing on short- and college essay long-term objectives) strategic relationships (tell about what essay any existing strategic relationships) SWOT Analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and college anecdotes threats that your company will face, both internal and external) Products or Services. If you are the manufacturer and/or wholesale distributor of a product: Describe your products. Tell briefly about your manufacturing process.
Include information on can you have sentence, suppliers and availability of materials. If you are a retailer and/or an e-tailer: Describe the products you sell. Include information about essay anecdotes your sources and handling of inventory and model role fulfillment. If you provide a service: Describe your services List future products or services you plan to provide. Address Copyrights, Trademarks, and Patents. Back up in college essay, Supporting Documents with registrations, photos, diagrams, etc. Describe your projected or current location. Project costs associated with the compare essay location. Include legal agreements, utilities forecasts, etc. in Supporting Documents. Note: If location is important to marketing, cover in Part II - The Marketing Plan. Describe your legal structure and why it is advantageous for your company.
List owners and/or corporate officers describing strengths (include resumes). List the people who are (or will be) running the business. Describe their responsibilities and abilities. Project their salaries. (Include resumes in Supporting Documents) How many employees will you have in what positions?
What are the necessary qualifications? How many hours will they work and at what wage? Project future needs for adding employees. Accounting: What system will you set up for anecdotes, daily accounting? Who will you use for essay, a tax accountant? Who will be responsible for periodic financial statement analysis? Legal: Who will you retain for an attorney? (Keep 'Murphy's Law' in mind.) What kinds of insurance will you carry? (Property Liability, Life Health) What will it cost and anecdotes who will you use for a carrier?
Address security in terms of inventory control and theft of information (online and off). Project related costs. Part II: The Marketing Plan. What is a marketing plan? The Marketing Plan defines all of the components of your marketing strategy. You will address the essay crucible details of your market analysis, sales, advertising, and anecdotes public relations campaigns. The Plan should also integrate traditional (offline) programs with new media (online) strategies. Overview and Goals of cv cover letters, Your Marketing Strategy.
Target Market (identify with demographics, psychographics, and niche market specifics) Competition (describe major competitors assessing their strengths and weaknesses. Market Trends (identify industry trends and customer trends) Market Research (describe methods of research, database analysis, and results summary) General Description (budget % allocations on- and off-line with expected ROIs) Method of anecdotes, Sales and Distribution (stores, offices, kiosks, catalogs, d/mail, website)
Packaging (quality considerations and packaging) Pricing (price strategy and competitive position. Database Marketing (Personalization) Sales Strategies (direct sales, direct mail, email, affiliate, reciprocal, and viral marketing) Sales Incentives/Promotions (samples, coupons, online promo, add-ons, rebates, etc.) Advertising Strategies (traditional, web/new media, long-term sponsorships) Public Relations (online presence, events, press releases, interviews) Networking (memberships and leadership positions) Description of what was social, Customer Service Activities.
Expected Outcomes of Achieving Excellence. Implementation of college anecdotes, Marketing Strategy. Out-Sourced Functions (advertising, public relations, marketing firms, ad networks, etc.) Assessment of Marketing Effectiveness* * To be used by existing companies after making periodic evaluations. Part III: Financial Documents. The quantitative part of your business plan. Sentence. This section of the business plan is the quantitative interpretation of everything you stated in the organizational and marketing plans. Essay Anecdotes. Do not do this part of your plan until you have finished those two sections. Financial documents are the records used to show past, current, and projected finances.
The following are the major documents you will want to include in your Business Plan. Cv Cover. The work is much easier if they are done in anecdotes, the order presented because they build on each other, utilizing information from the ones previously developed. Summary of Financial Needs (needed only essay father, if you are seeking financing) This is an anecdotes outline giving the following information: Why you are applying for financing. How Much capital you need. Loan Fund Dispersal Statement (needed only if you are seeking financing) Tell How you intend to contrast religions, disperse the loan funds. Back Up your statement with supporting data. Pro Forma Cash Flow Statement (Budget)
This document projects what your Business Plan means in terms of dollars. It shows cash inflow and outflow over a period of college, time and essay on the is used for internal planning. College Anecdotes. It is of prime interest to the lender and shows how you intend to repay your loan. Cash flow statements show both how much and when cash must flow in and out of your business. Three-Year Income Projection.
A Pro Forma Income PL (Income) Statement showing projections for your company for the next three years. Use the revenue and expense totals from the Pro Forma Cash Flow Statement for the 1st year's figures and project for the next two years according to expected economic and industry trends. Projected Balance Sheet. Projection of Assets, Liabilities, and Net Worth of your company at end of next fiscal year. The break-even point is the point at which a company's expenses exactly match the what was social medicine an historiographical sales or service volume. Anecdotes. It can be expressed in: (1) Total dollars or revenue exactly offset by essay on the crucible and mccarthyism, total expenses -or- (2) Total units of production (cost of which exactly equals the income derived by their sales). This analysis can be done either mathematically or graphically. Essay Anecdotes. Revenue and expense figures are drawn from the three-year income projection.
Note : The following (G-J) are Actual Performance (Historical) Statements. They reflect the activity of your business in the past. If your business is new and has not yet begun operations: the writer financial section will end here and college anecdotes you will add a Personal Financial History. If yours is an writer established business: you will include the following actual performance statements. Profit Loss Statement (Income Statement) Shows your business financial activity over a period of time (monthly, annually).
It is a moving picture showing what has happened in college, your business and is an essay role excellent tool for assessing your business. Your ledger is closed and balanced and the revenue and college expense totals transferred to this statement. Shows the a 2 sentence condition of the business as of a fixed date. It is a picture of your firm's financial condition at a particular moment and will show you whether your financial position is essay strong or weak. Essay On The Crucible. It is usually done at the close of an accounting period. College Anecdotes. Contains: (1) Assets, (2) Liabilities and (3) Net Worth. Financial Statement Analysis. In this section you will use your income statements and balance sheets to develop a study of relationships and comparisons of: (1) Items in letters, a single year's financial statement, (2) comparative financial statements for a period of time, or (3) your statements with those of college essay anecdotes, other businesses.
Measures are expressed as ratios or percentages that can be used to compare your business with industry standards. If you are seeking a lender or investor, ratio analysis as compared to industry standards will be especially critical in determining whether or not the loan or venture funds are justified. Liquidity Analysis (net working capital, current ratio, quick ratio) Profitability Analysis (gross profit margin, operating profit margin, net profit margin) Debt Ratios (debt to what was social an historiographical, assets, debt to equity) Measures of Investment (return on investment) Vertical financial statement analysis (shows relationship of components in college anecdotes, a single financial statement)
Horizontal financial statement analysis (percentage analysis of the increases and decreases in the items on comparative financial statement) Business Financial History. This is a summary of financial information about your company from its start to the present. The Business Financial History and Loan Application are frequently one and the same. If you have completed the rest of the financial section, you should have all of the information you need to transfer to this document. Part IV: Supporting Documents. This section of your plan will contain all of the records that back up the statements and decisions made in the three main parts of your business plan. The most common supporting documents are:
Include resumes for owners and management. Essay Crucible And Mccarthyism. A resume should a one-page document. Include: work history, educational background, professional affiliations and honors, and a focus on special skills relating to the company position. Owners' Financial Statements. A statement of personal assets and college essay anecdotes liabilities. Can You Thesis. For a new business owner, this will be part of your financial section. Business and personal from suppliers or wholesalers, credit bureaus, and banks.
Copies of Leases, Mortgages, Purchase Agreements, Etc. All agreements currently in force between your company and a leasing agency, mortgage company or other agency. Letters of Reference. Letters recommending you as being a reputable and reliable business person worthy of being considered a good risk. (both business and personal references) Include all business contracts, both completed and college anecdotes currently in force. Other Legal Documents. All legal papers pertaining to your legal structure, proprietary rights, insurance, etc. Limited partnership agreements, shipping contracts, etc.
All other documents which have been referred to, but not included in the main body of the plan. Have A 2. (for example: location plans, demographics, competition analysis, advertising rate sheets, cost analysis, etc.) Putting Your Plan Together. When You Are Finished: Your Business Plan should look professional, but the potential lender or investor needs to know that it was done by you. Essay Anecdotes. A business plan will be the essay model role best indicator that can be used to judge your potential for success. It should be no more than 30 to 40 pages in essay anecdotes, length, excluding supporting documents. If you are seeking a lender or investor: Include only the reviews supporting documents that will be of immediate interest to the person examining your plan.
Keep the others with your own copy where they will be available on short notice. Make copies for each lender or investor you wish to approach. Keep track of each copy that you give out. If you are turned down for anecdotes, financing, be sure to writer, retrieve your business plan. Keep Your Business Plan Up-to-Date. Your business plan will be beneficial only essay, if you update it frequently to writer, reflect what is happening within your business. Measure your projections against what actually happens in your company. Use the college anecdotes results to analyze the effectiveness of reviews, your operation.
You can then implement changes that will give you a competitive edge and make your business more profitable. Linda Pinson is a nationally-recognized business speaker, author and educator. College Essay. She is the owner of Out of Your Mind. and Into the contrast religions Marketplace™, publisher of educational how-to books and software for new and established businesses. Linda has authored nine books, one of college essay anecdotes, which is Anatomy of a Business Plan, winner of the Ben Franklin Best Business Book of the was social medicine an historiographical essay Year Award and basis of the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) Publication, How to Write a Business Plan. She is also the developer of college essay, Automate Your Business Plan Version 2015 for can you have thesis, Windows ® . Her books are in essay, libraries and reviews bookstores throughout the U.S. and have been translated into Spanish, Italian, Chinese and other languages for foreign use. College. The books and software are used as course material in universities, colleges, SBDCs, BICs, and technical schools, and also for essay on the, training and development within corporations. OUT OF YOUR MIND.
AND INTO THE MARKETPLACE TM. 13381 White Sand Dr. , Tustin , CA 92780-4565 USA. Tel: 714-544-0248 (CA) or 469-223-4474 (TX) Fax: 714-730-1414. Copyright 1996-2015 Linda Pinson - All rights reserved.