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The 10 Best Sites to algebra Post Your Resume Online. There are a lot of macbeth act 3 ways to online class get your resume in front of the ap world history 2006 right people, and your best chance for success is to do everything you can to online algebra class get yourself out there. One of the easiest actions you can take is to health research paper outline distribute your resume on algebra several sites and increase your chances of family finding your next opportunity. You could be found by your future employer, or even a recruiter could take an online algebra class interest in pros graphic your background and then do the online algebra work for essay sociology family, you. After reviewing all the online algebra class best resume sites, we recommend using ResumeRobin to essay family distribute your resume because you can get in front of algebra class a lot of macbeth people without investing too much of your valuable time. It's also a great value when you factor in algebra class how much time it takes to write on spenser poem faerie go to every job site. We’ve hand-picked our favorite 10 sites and services to class post a resume online to help you find your next opportunity.

We’ve included some options that are industry-specific, but only if the sites cater to faerie queene a wide variety of applicants. We also took into consideration the number of real inquiries job seekers received because spam can be a problem with some resume posting sites. The Best Places to Post Your Resume Online. Online Algebra Class. ResumeRobin - Massive distribution for just $25. Try it now! Dice - The place to self essay go for online, tech jobs. Whirligig. Indeed.com - The biggest job search engine. LinkedIn - Make sure your profile matches your resume. Online Algebra. ZipRecruiter - A major up-and-comer in job search. CareerBuilder - Highly visited job board with full-time opportunities.

Monster - Popular job site with all kinds of jobs, including part-time. Facebook - Leverage your friend network as a professional network. Twitter - Employers will look at your account if you have one. Whirligig Questions. University Career Centers - Leverage your education even more. Compared to the other places to algebra class post your resume, ResumeRobin.com is ap world history, probably a lesser known option, but it may be the only website you have to online visit. That’s because it’s a resume distribution service, meaning you upload your resume and then let them do all the research paper work. The cost is online algebra class, pretty low when you consider how much time it takes to ap world history 2006 dbq essay post your resume on every single website. You’ll have the option to algebra class post within your metro area for introductory, $25 (includes up to 150-plus recruiters and online algebra class, job sites), within your state for whirligig essay, $55 (includes up to 250-plus recruiters and online class, job sites), or nationwide for $65. Sociology. To get started, you just have to upload your resume to class the system.

From there, ResumeRobin creates an essay HTML and online class, plain text version. They enter your resume into the daily feed file, which is uploaded to a network of partner websites (including most of the pros essay graphic sites mentioned below) via an API and online, send the resumes to essay inventions recruiters via email. Additionally, once your resume is uploaded to the various job sites, ResumeRobin job seekers get preferred treatment so that means your resume will show up at the top of keyword searches used by online, employers. That’s worth the cost alone if you ask us. When it comes down to history 2006 dbq essay it, ResumeRobin is the most job-seeker friendly place to post your resume online. Algebra. It might cost you a little in an essay on spenser poem queene the process, but don’t forget about the value of your time as well as the algebra class visibility boost you’ll receive. On Scientific Making. Many people are raving about their experiences with ResumeRobin online. One person noted that it does take about algebra class, 48 hours for essay organizer, the service to get ramped up, but received an inquiry from algebra class, a Fortune 500 company just three days later. Another had three job interviews within two weeks after using the and cons essay service.

While the online algebra website looks very basic and health outline, generic, don’t judge the book by online, its cover. The company is apparently worth close to $800 million. If you have a background in tech or you’re looking for an IT job, Dice is the place to pros essay go. It’s probably the online biggest specialized job board on pros graphic the Internet. With a growing number of online companies looking to hire tech talent, posting your resume on poem queene Dice is a great way to get found if you have a tech background. Online Class. There are also a good number of contract jobs available on essay sociology family Dice. The quality of job seekers on Dice is pretty high, which is algebra, more of a positive than a negative because recruiters and employers are likely to keep coming back to find talent. Macbeth Act 3. Of the registered users on Dice, 65% have 10 years or more experience and 75% have a bachelor's degree. Online Algebra Class. To post your resume, first create a MyDice account. From there, login and click on the Manage/Add Resumes link within the scene 2 MyResume section.

Then, you can upload your resume. Online Class. The next step would be to make your resume searchable. Go back to ap world history your account, click on algebra class the MyResume button, and antithesis act 3 2, select the resume you want recruiters or employers to find. You can upload up to five resumes at class a time, so be sure to essay pick the right one and then click on class Make Searchable. Research Paper. Keep in mind, you only online, want to be searchable if you’re actively job seeking and ready to work within 30 days. Write Poem Faerie Queene. If you want to post your resume anonymously, edit your profile, go to algebra class Search Settings, and click the button next to Confidential. Now, your contact info will be hidden. Indeed is at the top of our list for places to health research outline post your resume online (and search for online algebra, jobs).

Indeed.com has traditionally been ranked as the and cons essay number one external method of hiring for small businesses in the world. In terms of visibility, no other job site gets more action. We also recommend Indeed for online, job searching because it has the most comprehensive database of self introductory any job site. Online Algebra. There are more than 200 million people visiting the site every month. Antithesis Macbeth Act 3 Scene 2. Posting your resume on online class Indeed.com is pretty simple as well. All you have to do is create a free account and then either create your resume from scratch or upload it if you have it saved as a file. Indeed also covers global job seekers, since recruiters and write poem queene, employers can search in many countries. While some say that posting your resume on a job site isn’t worth it, many job seekers have reported success using Indeed. Alright, so you can post your resume on online class your LinkedIn account, but we don’t advise that. LinkedIn is a living, breathing resume itself so you should always keep it updated. The reason why posting your resume on ap world history 2006 LinkedIn doesn’t make a lot of sense is because a resume is often an class adapting document depending on health outline the type of employment you’re seeking.

LinkedIn not only shows your professional expertise and online, accomplishments -- it also helps tell a more active story about outline, who you are and online algebra class, what you want. Plus, every recruiter uses LinkedIn so make sure your profile is optimized with the titles or words you want to be found for. Use your LinkedIn account in antithesis act 3 conjunction with your resume and just be sure both are always synced up. The last thing you need is inconsistencies in your story. Online. Some people still want to ap world history 2006 dbq essay take advantage of class LinkedIn’s resume import feature. If you want your resume living on introductory essay your LinkedIn profile, you click Profile, select Import Resume, then browse to algebra class find your file, and antithesis macbeth act 3 scene, upload it. Online Algebra. Again, we’d recommend using your LinkedIn profile as your public resume and know that recruiters and pros essay, potential employers will be taking a careful look at it. It’s one of the algebra class less familiar names on on spenser queene this list, but ZipRecruiter is algebra class, making some major strides in the industry. Unlike some of the other major long-standing job boards, ZipRecruiter promises no spam or banners, which results in whirligig a more pleasant experience for job seekers. You can post your resume online by online class, creating a free account as well as a job alert. Write An Essay Queene. From there, you’ll get job alerts via email, your resume will be searchable, and you’ll be matched to jobs that are hiring now.

ZipRecruiter has a resume database that is easily searchable for algebra, recruiters and research paper, employers. All they have to algebra class do is search specific skills or keywords as well as a location. Just be sure to health research paper optimize your profile and resume according to what you’d like to algebra class be searched for inventions us happier, so that you increase your visibility to algebra prospective employers. One cool feature about act 3 2, ZipRecruiter is that you can see how many people have looked at your resume, in addition to algebra other data. The mobile app also has very positive reviews so you can expect a seamless transition if you’re using ZipRecruiter on the go.

Compared to essay the other major online job boards, CareerBuilder has more candidates that have college degrees and also leans more towards full-time employment opportunities. CareerBuilder costs more to online algebra class post a job on than the self introductory essay other industry giants, but it weeds out more unqualified applicants for employers. CareerBuilder has rolled out some exciting features in the past year for job seekers who post their resume online. They now provide insights that show how many times your resume has been opened in algebra the past week and write poem faerie queene, what companies are looking at algebra class you. Regardless if you think you’ll get hired using CareerBuilder, just having those insights along is paper outline, valuable and algebra, probably worth posting your resume.

All you have to an essay poem queene do to online class get started on health research paper CareerBuilder is algebra class, sign up, add your desired job title, and family, then upload your resume. Online. From there, you’ll have the act 3 scene 2 option to algebra class display your resume and contact info or hide it. Self Essay. Obviously, if you want to be found, you should choose to display your resume and class, contact info (and you’ll get the benefit of the whirligig essay questions insights into who is looking at online class your resume). An Essay On Spenser Queene. Beyond the ability to post your resume online to online algebra their massive database, Monster.com also has tons of useful career resources. On Spenser Queene. There’s also a premium resume service that sends your resume to influential recruiters so that you’re seen by more employers and online, the right ones.

It costs $68 as a one-time fee, but it might be worth the faerie queene extra push to stand out above the online algebra rest. Monster is research paper outline, no stranger to resume posting, as the algebra company was the first job search site online and also had the whirligig essay questions first resume database in the world. To post your resume, create an account and sign up manually or use one of the social account sign in options. As part of algebra creating your account, you’ll have to fill out health research some personal information and then choose a file to upload your resume. Online Algebra Class. From there, you have the and cons graphic option to class choose if you want to be searchable or not. If you’re posting your resume, you likely want to on spenser poem queene be found by class, a recruiter or employer, so we’d recommend choosing the searchable option. Self. You can always hide it after if you want to. Taking it a step further, you can submit your resume for online, free to be evaluated by whirligig essay questions, a resume expert who can offer you some tips, but it will likely lead to trying to online get you to pay for a service.

Lastly, just be sure to spend the time to paper fill out your profile so you that it’s visible and online, you’ll match with the self introductory right search terms to increase your chances of being found. Class. More recruiters and employers are turning to other methods to history find candidates. Algebra Class. One out of six job seekers says social media is the reason for landing their current job. Essay. Remember, many opportunities come through relationship building and networking. A lot of that happens on online class social media. Let’s look at an essay on spenser faerie queene Facebook first and then Twitter next.

While LinkedIn clearly leads the online class charge online (if you consider it social media), Facebook is number two, according to recruiters (25% of recruiters have hired through Facebook). In order to be taken seriously, you must tailor your Facebook page around your work versus your personal life. Health Research Paper Outline. You don’t have to online class cut out the essay personal stuff completely as it will show you’re a real person. Make sure you have a professional profile picture and online algebra class, applicable cover photo. You’ll also want to act 3 2 include all of your work and algebra, education information. You can also include links to whirligig essay questions your personal website and algebra, other social media accounts (if relevant). Whirligig Essay. We’d suggest staying clear of expressing religious and political views. There’s something intriguing about online, a candidate being able to antithesis macbeth act 3 2 sell themselves in 140 characters or less. Algebra. While it’s not a huge number, 15% of essay sociology family recruiters have hired someone through Twitter. Algebra Class. Given the limitations, it’s impossible to post your resume on Twitter, but this is more about leveraging Twitter by linking to your resume or marketing yourself with tweets. You can get yourself under the 140-character limit by scene 2, using a URL shortener if you’re posting your resume in a Tweet.

Hey, who knows, maybe it’s worth blasting the company you want work for by mentioning them in online class your Tweet. You can also create hashtags with keywords that recruiters might search for essay graphic, so you can be easily found. Online Algebra. Leveraging Twitter to self essay post your resume online and get in front of more people is a no-brainer for online algebra class, someone who is write on spenser faerie, unemployed or actively seeking work. A great resource (especially for recent grads) is to online algebra class utilize the career center from your college to history 2006 post your resume online. To be clear, university career centers are for online class, all alumni -- not just recent grads and and cons essay organizer, current students. Many employers browse career centers of specific colleges because they’ve had success with talent from a handful of online class universities. As an example, one company we spoke with that employs over 3,000 people specifically looks for analyst positions from essay family, one university. It’s hard to class imagine other companies don’t do the same thing.

Having your resume on your university career center can also open up opportunities for the university itself to promote you. Several alumni associations have groups on LinkedIn and on scientific inventions, Facebook. Many also offer resume writing help, cover letter writing help, and online algebra class, interview assistance. At the end of the ap world 2006 day, the online class success rate might still depend on macbeth 2 the reputation of your university and the type of online algebra class employers coming to the university career center website to health research find candidates. If your skills and algebra, career trajectory match those employers, you’re probably going to essay on scientific inventions making get a lot better result than someone who doesn’t. CareerCloud is at online algebra class the forefront of social and mobile in an essay poem the job search and recruitment process.

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odyssey hubris essay In William Cronon, ed., Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature , New York: W. W. Norton Co., 1995, 69-90. The time has come to rethink wilderness. This will seem a heretical claim to many environmentalists, since the idea of wilderness has for decades been a fundamental tenetindeed, a passionof the environmental movement, especially in the United States. For many Americans wilderness stands as the last remaining place where civilization, that all too human disease, has not fully infected the earth. Online Algebra! It is an essay island in the polluted sea of urban-industrial modernity, the one place we can turn for escape from online our own too-muchness. Seen in this way, wilderness presents itself as the best antidote to paper, our human selves, a refuge we must somehow recover if we hope to save the planet. Online Algebra! As Henry David Thoreau once famously declared, “In Wildness is the preservation of the World.” (1) But is it? The more one knows of its peculiar history, the more one realizes that wilderness is not quite what it seems. Far from being the one place on earth that stands apart from antithesis macbeth 2 humanity, it is quite profoundly a human creationindeed, the creation of very particular human cultures at very particular moments in online algebra class human history.

It is not a pristine sanctuary where the last remnant of an untouched, endangered, but still transcendent nature can for at least a little while longer be encountered without the contaminating taint of civilization. Instead, it’s a product of that civilization, and could hardly be contaminated by pros and cons organizer, the very stuff of which it is made. Wilderness hides its unnaturalness behind a mask that is online class all the more beguiling because it seems so natural. Essay! As we gaze into algebra, the mirror it holds up for us, we too easily imagine that what we behold is Nature when in fact we see the reflection of essay sociology our own unexamined longings and desires. For this reason, we mistake ourselves when we suppose that wilderness can be the solution to our culture’s problematic relationships with the nonhuman world, for wilderness is itself no small part of the problem. To assert the unnaturalness of so natural a place will no doubt seem absurd or even perverse to many readers, so let me hasten to add that the nonhuman world we encounter in wilderness is far from being merely our own invention. I celebrate with others who love wilderness the beauty and power of the things it contains. Each of us who has spent time there can conjure images and sensations that seem all the more hauntingly real for having engraved themselves so indelibly on our memories. Such memories may be uniquely our own, but they are also familiar enough be to be instantly recognizable to online, others.

Remember this? The torrents of antithesis scene mist shoot out from the base of a great waterfall in the depths of a Sierra canyon, the tiny droplets cooling your face as you listen to the roar of the class water and pros organizer, gaze up toward the sky through a rainbow that hovers just out of online algebra reach. Remember this too: looking out sociology family across a desert canyon in the evening air, the only sound a lone raven calling in the distance, the online rock walls dropping away into a chasm so deep that its bottom all but vanishes as you squint into the amber light of the introductory essay setting sun. And this: the moment beside the trail as you sit on a sandstone ledge, your boots damp with the online class morning dew while you take in the rich smell of the pines, and essay, the small red foxor maybe for you it was a raccoon or a coyote or a deerthat suddenly ambles across your path, stopping for class, a long moment to gaze in your direction with cautious indifference before continuing on pros essay organizer, its way. Remember the feelings of such moments, and you will know as well as I do that you were in online the presence of something irreducibly nonhuman, something profoundly Other than yourself Wilderness is made of that too. And yet: what brought each of us to the places where such memories became possible is entirely a cultural invention. Go back 250 years in essay American and European history, and you do not find nearly so many people wandering around remote corners of the planet looking for algebra class, what today we would call “the wilderness experience.” As late as the eighteenth century, the essay questions most common usage of the word “wilderness” in the English language referred to landscapes that generally carried adjectives far different from the ones they attract today. To be a wilderness then was to be “deserted,” “savage,” “desolate,” “barren”in short, a “waste,” the word’s nearest synonym.

Its connotations were anything but positive, and algebra, the emotion one was most likely to feel in its presence was “bewilderment” or terror. Sociology Family! (2) Many of the word’s strongest associations then were biblical, for it is used over and over again in class the King James Version to refer to places on the margins of civilization where it is whirligig essay questions all too easy to lose oneself in moral confusion and despair. The wilderness was where Moses had wandered with his people for forty years, and where they had nearly abandoned their God to worship a golden idol. (3) “For Pharaoh will say of the Children of Israel,” we read in Exodus, “They are entangled in the land, the wilderness hath shut them in.” (4) The wilderness was where Christ had struggled with the devil and endured his temptations: “And immediately the Spirit driveth him into the wilderness. And he was there in the wilderness for class, forty days tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him.” (5) The “delicious Paradise” of John Milton’s Eden was surrounded by “a steep wilderness, whose hairy sides /Access denied” to all who sought entry.” When Adam and Eve were driven from that garden, the world they entered was a wilderness that only their labor and pain could redeem. Wilderness, in whirligig essay questions short, was a place to which one came only against one’s will, and always in fear and trembling. Whatever value it might have arose solely from the algebra class possibility that it might be “reclaimed” and turned toward human endsplanted as a garden, say, or a city upon a hill. (7) In its raw state, it had little or nothing to offer civilized men and women. But by the end of the nineteenth century, all this had changed. The wastelands that had once seemed worthless had for some people come to seem almost beyond price. That Thoreau in 1862 could declare wildness to be the preservation of the self world suggests the sea change that was going on. Wilderness had once been the antithesis of all that was orderly and goodit had been the darkness, one might say, on the far side of the garden walland yet now it was frequently likened to online algebra class, Eden itself.

When John Muir arrived in the Sierra Nevada in 1869, he would declare, “No description of Heaven that I have ever heard or read of seems half so fine.” (8) He was hardly alone in expressing such emotions. Essay Questions! One by one, various corners of the online algebra class American map came to be designated as sites whose wild beauty was so spectacular that a growing number of citizens had to visit and see them for essay family, themselves. Niagara Falls was the class first to undergo this transformation, but it was soon followed by write faerie, the Catskills, the Adirondacks, Yosemite, Yellowstone, and algebra class, others. Yosemite was deeded by the U. S. government to the state of California in whirligig 1864 as the online nation’s first wildland park, and essay, Yellowstone became the online algebra first true national park in 1872. (9) By the first decade of the self essay twentieth century, in the single most famous episode in American conservation history, a national debate had exploded over whether the city of San Francisco should be permitted to augment its water supply by damming the Tuolumne River in Hetch Hetchy valley, well within the boundaries of Yosemite National Park. The dam was eventually built, but what today seems no less significant is online class that so many people fought to prevent its completion. Even as the an essay faerie queene fight was being lost, Hetch Hetchy became the baffle cry of an emerging movement to preserve wilderness. Fifty years earlier, such opposition would have been unthinkable. Few would have questioned the algebra merits of essay “reclaiming” a wasteland like this in order to put it to human use. Now the defenders of Hetch Hetchy attracted widespread national attention by online, portraying such an act not as improvement or progress but as desecration and vandalism. On Spenser Poem Faerie Queene! Lest one doubt that the algebra old biblical metaphors had been turned completely on their heads, listen to John Muir attack the dam’s defenders. “Their arguments,” he wrote, “are curiously like those of the devil, devised for the destruction of the first gardenso much of the very best Eden fruit going to macbeth scene, waste; so much of the best Tuolumne water and Tuolumne scenery going to waste.” (10) For Muir and the growing number of Americans who shared his views, Satan’s home had become God’s Own Temple.

The sources of this rather astonishing transformation were many, but for the purposes of this essay they can be gathered under two broad headings: the algebra sublime and the frontier. Of the two, the sublime is the older and more pervasive cultural construct, being one of the most important expressions of that broad transatlantic movement we today label as romanticism; the frontier is more peculiarly American, though it too had its European antecedents and parallels. The two converged to remake wilderness in their own image, freighting it with moral values and cultural symbols that it carries to sociology family, this day. Indeed, it is not too much to say that the modern environmental movement is itself a grandchild of algebra class romanticism and post-frontier ideology, which is why it is pros and cons graphic organizer no accident that so much environmentalist discourse takes its bearings from the wilderness these intellectual movements helped create. Although wilderness may today seem to be just one environmental concern among many, it in fact serves as the foundation for a long list of online algebra other such concerns that on their face seem quite remote from it. That is whirligig essay questions why its influence is so pervasive and, potentially, so insidious. To gain such remarkable influence, the online concept of essay wilderness had to online, become loaded with some of the deepest core values of the culture that created and health outline, idealized it: it had to become sacred. This possibility had been present in wilderness even in the days when it had been a place of spiritual danger and moral temptation.

If Satan was there, then so was Christ, who had found angels as well as wild beasts during His sojourn in the desert. In the wilderness the boundaries between human and nonhuman, between natural and supernatural, had always seemed less certain than elsewhere. This was why the early Christian saints and mystics had often emulated Christ’s desert retreat as they sought to experience for themselves the algebra visions and spiritual testing He had endured. One might meet devils and whirligig essay, run the online risk of research outline losing one’s soul in such a place, but one might also meet God. For some that possibility was worth almost any price. By the eighteenth century this sense of the wilderness as a landscape where the supernatural lay just beneath the surface was expressed in the doctrine of the sublime, a word whose modern usage has been so watered down by online, commercial hype and health paper outline, tourist advertising that it retains only a dim echo of algebra its former power. (11) In the theories of Edmund Burke, Immanuel Kant, William Gilpin, and others, sublime landscapes were those rare places on sociology family, earth where one had more chance than elsewhere to glimpse the face of God. (12) Romantics had a clear notion of where one could be most sure of online algebra class having this experience. Although God might, of sociology family course, choose to algebra, show Himself anywhere, He would most often be found in those vast, powerful landscapes where one could not help feeling insignificant and an essay on spenser poem faerie, being reminded of one’s own mortality.

Where were these sublime places? The eighteenth century catalog of their locations feels very familiar, for we still see and value landscapes as it taught us to do. God was on the mountaintop, in the chasm, in the waterfall, in the thundercloud, in online algebra class the rainbow, in the sunset. Essay! One has only to online algebra class, think of the write an essay on spenser faerie queene sites that Americans chose for their first national parksYellowstone, Yosemite, Grand Canyon, Rainier, Zionto realize that virtually all of class them fit one or more of these categories. Less sublime landscapes simply did not appear worthy of such protection; not until the 1940s, for instance, would the first swamp be honored, in Everglades National Park, and to this day there is no national park in the grasslands. Introductory! (13) Among the best proofs that one had entered a sublime landscape was the emotion it evoked. For the early romantic writers and artists who first began to celebrate it, the sublime was far from being a pleasurable experience.

The classic description is that of William Wordsworth as he recounted climbing the Alps and crossing the Simplon Pass in his autobiographical poem “The Prelude.” There, surrounded by crags and waterfalls, the poet felt himself literally to be in the presence of the divineand experienced an emotion remarkably close to terror: The immeasurable height. Of woods decaying, never to be decayed, The stationary blasts of waterfalls, And in the narrow rent at online class, every turn. Winds thwarting winds, bewildered and forlorn, The torrents shooting from the clear blue sky, The rocks that muttered close upon our ears, Black drizzling crags that spake by self, the way-side. As if a voice were in them, the sick sight.

And giddy prospect of the raving stream, The unfettered clouds and region of the Heavens, Tumult and peace, the darkness and the light. Were all like workings of algebra class one mind, the features. Of the same face, blossoms upon one tree; Characters of the great Apocalypse, The types and symbols of Eternity, Of first, and last, and midst, and antithesis macbeth scene, without end. (14) This was no casual stroll in the mountains, no simple sojourn in the gentle lap of nonhuman nature.

What Wordsworth described was nothing less than a religious experience, akin to class, that of the Old Testament prophets as they conversed with their wrathful God. The symbols he detected in this wilderness landscape were more supernatural than natural, and they inspired more awe and dismay than joy or pleasure. No mere mortal was meant to linger long in health research paper such a place, so it was with considerable relief that Wordsworth and his companion made their way back down from the peaks to the sheltering valleys. Class! Lest you suspect that this view of the sublime was limited to timid Europeans who lacked the essay American know-how for feeling at home in the wilderness, remember Henry David Thoreau’s 1846 climb of Mount Katahdin, in online class Maine. Although Thoreau is regarded by many today as one of the great American celebrators of wilderness, his emotions about introductory essay, Katahdin were no less ambivalent than Wordsworth’s about the Alps. It was vast, Titanic, and such as man never inhabits. Some part of the beholder, even some vital part, seems to escape through the loose grating of his ribs as he ascends. Online! He is more lone than you can imagine . Vast, Titanic, inhuman Nature has got him at disadvantage, caught him alone, and pilfers him of health research paper outline some of his divine faculty. She does not smile on him as in the plains. She seems to say sternly, why came ye here before your time? This ground is not prepared for you.

Is it not enough that I smile in the valleys? I have never made this soil for class, thy feet, this air for thy breathing, these rocks for thy neighbors. I cannot pity nor fondle thee here, but forever relentlessly drive thee hence to where I am kind. Why seek me where I have not called thee, and then complain because you find me but a stepmother? (15) This is surely not the way a modern backpacker or nature lover would describe Maine’s most famous mountain, but that is because Thoreau’s description owes as much to Wordsworth and other romantic contemporaries as to the rocks and and cons essay graphic, clouds of online Katahdin itself. His words took the physical mountain on which he stood and antithesis macbeth scene, transmuted it into an icon of the sublime: a symbol of God’s presence on earth. The power and the glory of algebra class that icon were such that only a prophet might gaze on it for long. And Cons Essay! In effect, romantics like Thoreau joined Moses and the children of Israel in Exodus when “they looked toward the online wilderness, and behold, the glory of the write an essay Lord appeared in the cloud.” (16) But even as it came to embody the awesome power of the sublime, wilderness was also being tamednot just by those who were building settlements in its midst but also by online class, those who most celebrated its inhuman beauty. By the second half of the nineteenth century, the pros essay organizer terrible awe that Wordsworth and Thoreau regarded as the appropriately pious stance to adopt in online the presence of their mountaintop God was giving way to a much more comfortable, almost sentimental demeanor.

As more and more tourists sought out the wilderness as a spectacle to be looked at essay sociology, and enjoyed for online algebra, its great beauty, the sublime in effect became domesticated. The wilderness was still sacred, but the religious sentiments it evoked were more those of a pleasant parish church than those of a grand cathedral or a harsh desert retreat. Whirligig Essay Questions! The writer who best captures this late romantic sense of a domesticated sublime is undoubtedly John Muir, whose descriptions of Yosemite and the Sierra Nevada reflect none of the class anxiety or terror one finds in earlier writers. Here he is, for instance, sketching on North Dome in and cons graphic organizer Yosemite Valley: No pain here, no dull empty hours, no fear of the past, no fear of the future. These blessed mountains are so compactly filled with God’s beauty, no petty personal hope or experience has room to be. Drinking this champagne water is pure pleasure, so is breathing the living air, and every movement of limbs is pleasure, while the body seems to feel beauty when exposed to it as it feels the campfire or sunshine, entering not by online class, the eyes alone, but equally through all one’s flesh like radiant heat, making a passionate ecstatic pleasure glow not explainable. The emotions Muir describes in pros essay graphic Yosemite could hardly be more different from Thoreau’s on Katahdin or Wordsworth’s on the Simplon Pass. Yet all three men are participating in the same cultural tradition and contributing to the same myththe mountain as cathedral. The three may differ in the way they choose to algebra, express their pietyWordsworth favoring an write awe-filled bewilderment, Thoreau a stern loneliness, Muir a welcome ecstasybut they agree completely about the church in which they prefer to worship.

Muir’s closing words on North Dome diverge from online algebra class his older contemporaries only in mood, not in their ultimate content: Perched like a fly on this Yosemite dome, I gaze and sketch and bask, oftentimes settling down into dumb admiration without definite hope of ever learning much, yet with the longing, unresting effort that lies at the door of hope, humbly prostrate before the vast display of God’s power, and eager to offer self-denial and renunciation with eternal toil to learn any lesson in the divine manuscript. (17) Muir’s “divine manuscript” and Wordsworth’s “Characters of the introductory essay great Apocalypse” are in fact pages from the algebra class same holy book. Essay Family! The sublime wilderness had ceased to algebra, be place of satanic temptation and become instead a sacred temple, much as it continues to pros and cons essay graphic organizer, be for those who love it today. But the romantic sublime was not the only cultural movement that helped transform wilderness into online algebra, a sacred American icon during the nineteenth century. No less important was the powerful romantic attraction of health paper primitivism, dating back at least to of that the best antidote to the ills of an overly refined and civilized modern world was a return to online algebra class, simpler, more primitive living. Health Research! In the United States, this was embodied most strikingly in the national myth of the frontier. The historian Frederick Jackson Turner wrote in 1893 the classic academic statement of this myth, but it had been part of American cultural traditions for well over a century. Algebra! As Turner described the process, easterners and European immigrants, in self essay moving to online class, the wild unsettled lands of the frontier, shed the trappings of civilization, rediscovered their primitive racial energies, reinvented direct democratic institutions, and by reinfused themselves with a vigor, an independence, and a creativity that the source of American democracy and national character. Seen in this way, wild country became a place not just of religious redemption but of national renewal, the quintessential location for experiencing what it meant to be an American. One of Turner’s most provocative claims was that by the 1890s the frontier was passing away.

Never again would “such gifts of write an essay on spenser poem free land offer themselves” to the American people. “The frontier has gone,” he declared, “and with its going has closed the first period of algebra American history.” (18) Built into the frontier myth from its very beginning was the notion that this crucible of American identity was temporary and would pass away. Those who have celebrated the frontier have almost always looked backward as they did so, mourning an older, simpler, truer world that is about to disappear, forever. That world and all of its attractions, Turner said, depended on free landon wilderness. Thus, in the myth of the vanishing frontier lay the seeds of wilderness preservation in the United States, for if wild land had been so crucial in write faerie the making of the nation, then surely one must save its last remnants as monuments to the American pastand as an insurance policy to protect its future. It is no accident that the class movement to set aside national parks and wilderness areas began to gain real momentum at precisely the time that laments about the passing frontier reached their peak. Act 3 2! To protect wilderness was in a very real sense to protect the nation’s most sacred myth of online algebra class origin. Among the core elements of the frontier myth was the powerful sense among certain groups of Americans that wilderness was the last bastion of pros and cons essay graphic rugged individualism. Turner tended to stress communitarian themes when writing frontier history, asserting that Americans in primitive conditions had been forced to band together with their neighbors to form communities and democratic institutions. Class! For other writers, however, frontier democracy for write an essay on spenser faerie, communities was less compelling than frontier freedom for individuals. (19) By fleeing to algebra, the outer margins of settled land and societyso the story ranan individual could escape the confining strictures of civilized life.

The mood among writers who celebrated frontier individualism was almost always nostalgic; they lamented not just a lost way of life but the passing of the heroic men who had embodied that life. Thus Owen Wister in sociology family the introduction to online algebra, his classic 1902 novel The Virginian could write of “a vanished world” in which “the horseman, the cow-puncher, the last romantic figure upon our soil” rode only “in his historic yesterday” and would “never come again.” For Wister, the cowboy was a man who gave his word and kept it (“Wall Street would have found him behind the times”), who did not talk lewdly to women (“Newport would have thought him old-fashioned”), who worked and write on spenser poem faerie, played hard, and whose “ungoverned hours did not unman him.” (20) Theodore Roosevelt wrote with much the same nostalgic fervor about the “fine, manly qualities” of the online algebra “wild rough-rider of the plains.” No one could be more heroically masculine, thought Roosevelt, or more at home in the western wilderness: There he passes his days, there he does his life-work, there, when he meets death, he faces it as he has faced many other evils, with quiet, uncomplaining fortitude. Brave, hospitable, hardy, and pros essay graphic, adventurous, he is the grim pioneer of our race; he prepares the way for the civilization from before whose face he must himself disappear. Hard and dangerous though his existence is, it has yet a wild attraction that strongly draws to it his bold, free spirit. Online Algebra Class! (21) This nostalgia for a passing frontier way of life inevitably implied ambivalence, if not downright hostility, toward modernity and all that it represented. If one saw the wild lands of the frontier as freer, truer, and write on spenser queene, more natural than other, more modern places, then one was also inclined to see the cities and factories of urban-industrial civilization as confining, false, and artificial. Owen Wister looked at the post-frontier “transition” that had followed “the horseman of the plains,” and did not like what he saw: “a shapeless state, a condition of men and manners as unlovely as is that moment in the year when winter is gone and online algebra, spring not come, and the face of Nature is ugly.” (22) In the eyes of writers who shared Wister’s distaste for modernity, civilization contaminated its inhabitants and absorbed them into the faceless, collective, contemptible life of the crowd. For all of an essay queene its troubles and dangers, and despite the fact that it must pass away, the frontier had been a better place. If civilization was to be redeemed, it would be by men like the online algebra class Virginian who could retain their frontier virtues even as they made the transition to post-frontier life.

The mythic frontier individualist was almost always masculine in gender: here, in the wilderness, a man could be a real man, the rugged individual he was meant to be before civilization sapped his energy and threatened his masculinity. Wister’s contemptuous remarks about Wall Street and Newport suggest what he and many others of his generation believedthat the comforts and seductions of civilized life were especially insidious for self introductory, men, who all too easily became emasculated by class, the feminizing tendencies of civilization. More often than not, men who felt this way came, like Wister and Roosevelt, from elite class backgrounds. The curious result was that frontier nostalgia became an important vehicle for expressing a peculiarly bourgeois form of antimodernism. The very men who most benefited from urban-industrial capitalism were among those who believed they must escape its debilitating effects. If the frontier was passing, then men who had the means to do so should preserve for outline, themselves some remnant of algebra class its wild landscape so that they might enjoy the regeneration and renewal that came from sleeping under the stars, participating in blood sports, and living off the pros and cons essay graphic organizer land. The frontier might be gone, but the frontier experience could still be had if only wilderness were preserved. Thus the decades following the Civil War saw more and more of the nation’s wealthiest citizens seeking out wilderness for themselves.

The elite passion for wild land took many forms: enormous estates in algebra class the Adirondacks and research outline, elsewhere (disingenuously called “camps” despite their many servants and amenities), cattle ranches for would-be rough riders on the Great Plains, guided big-game hunting trips in the Rockies, and luxurious resort hotels wherever railroads pushed their way into sublime landscapes. Wilderness suddenly emerged as the online algebra landscape of choice for elite tourists, who brought with them strikingly urban ideas of the countryside through which they traveled. Pros Essay Graphic! For them, wild land was not a site for productive labor and not a permanent home; rather, it was a place of recreation. One went to the wilderness not as a producer but as a consumer, hiring guides and online class, other backcountry residents who could serve as romantic surrogates for write on spenser poem faerie queene, the rough riders and hunters of the frontier if one was willing to overlook their new status as employees and servants of the rich. In just this way, wilderness came to embody the national frontier myth, standing for the wild freedom of America’s past and seeming to represent a highly attractive natural alternative to the ugly artificiality of modern civilization. The irony, of course, was that in the process wilderness came to reflect the very civilization its devotees sought to escape. Ever since the nineteenth century, celebrating wilderness has been an activity mainly for well-to-do city folks. Country people generally know far too much about working the land to regard unworked land as their ideal. Online Class! In contrast, elite urban tourists and wealthy sportsmen projected their leisure-time frontier fantasies onto the American landscape and so created wilderness in their own image.

There were other ironies as well, The movement to sociology family, set aside national parks and wilderness areas followed hard on online class, the heels of the final Indian wars, in which the prior human inhabitants of these areas were rounded up and graphic, moved onto algebra, reservations. The myth of the wilderness as “virgin ” uninhabited land had always been especially cruel when seen from the perspective of the Indians who had once called that land home. Now they were forced to move elsewhere, with the result that tourists could safely enjoy the illusion that they were seeing their nation in its pristine, original state, in research the new morning of God’s own creation. (23) Among the algebra class things that most marked the new national parks as reflecting a post-frontier consciousness was the relative absence of human violence within their boundaries. Essay! The actual frontier had often been a place of conflict, in which invaders and invaded fought for online class, control of land and resources. Macbeth Act 3! Once set aside within the fixed and carefully policed boundaries of the modern bureaucratic state, the wilderness lost its savage image and became safe: a place more of reverie than of revulsion or fear. Meanwhile, its original inhabitants were kept out by dint of force, their earlier uses of the class land redefined as inappropriate or even illegal. To this day, for paper, instance, the Blackfeet continue to be accused of “poaching” on the lands of Glacier National Park that originally belonged to them and that were ceded by treaty only online algebra with the proviso that they be permitted to essay, hunt there. (24) The removal of Indians to create an “uninhabited wilderness”uninhabited as never before in algebra class the human history of the placereminds us just how invented, just how constructed, the American wilderness really is. To return to my opening argument: there is nothing natural about the concept of wilderness. It is entirely a creation of the culture that holds it dear, a product of the very history it seeks to deny. Indeed, one of the pros most striking proofs of the cultural invention of wilderness is algebra its thoroughgoing erasure of the history from which it sprang.

In virtually all of its manifestations, wilderness represents a flight from history. Seen as the original garden, it is a place outside of time, from which human beings had to be ejected before the fallen world of history could properly begin. Seen as the frontier, it is antithesis macbeth scene a savage world at online algebra, the dawn of civilization, whose transformation represents the very beginning of the national historical epic. Seen as the bold landscape of frontier heroism, it is the place of youth and childhood, into which men escape by and cons essay graphic, abandoning their pasts and entering a world of freedom where the class constraints of civilization fade into memory. Seen as the sacred sublime, it is the home of essay sociology family a God who transcends history by standing as the online class One who remains untouched and unchanged by time’s arrow. No matter what the introductory angle from which we regard it, wilderness offers us the illusion that we can escape the cares and troubles of the world in which our past has ensnared us. (25) This escape from history is online class one reason why the language we use to talk about wilderness is often permeated with spiritual and religious values that reflect human ideals far more than the material world of physical nature. Wilderness fulfills the old romantic project of secularizing Judeo-Christian values so as to make a new cathedral not in some petty human building but in write poem God’s own creation, Nature itself. Many environmentalists who reject traditional notions of the Godhead and who regard themselves as agnostics or even atheists nonetheless express feelings tantamount to religious awe when in online class the presence of wildernessa fact that testifies to the success of the questions romantic project. Those who have no difficulty seeing God as the expression of our human dreams and desires nonetheless have trouble recognizing that in a secular age Nature can offer precisely the same sort of algebra mirror. Thus it is that wilderness serves as the unexamined foundation on which so many of the quasi-religious values of modern environmentalism rest.

The critique of modernity that is one of environmentalism’s most important contributions to the moral and political discourse of our time more often than not appeals, explicitly or implicitly, to wilderness as the standard against which to measure the failings of our human world. Wilderness is the natural, unfallen antithesis of an unnatural civilization that has lost its soul. It is a place of freedom in which we can recover the true selves we have lost to the corrupting influences of our artificial lives. Most of essay family all, it is the ultimate landscape of authenticity. Combining the sacred grandeur of the sublime with the class primitive simplicity of the frontier, it is the place where we can see the world as it really is, and so know ourselves as we really areor ought to be. But the trouble with wilderness is that it quietly expresses and self, reproduces the very values its devotees seek to reject. The flight from history that is very nearly the core of online algebra wilderness represents the false hope of an escape from family responsibility, the illusion that we can somehow wipe clean the slate of our past and return to the tabula rasa that supposedly existed before we began to leave our marks on online, the world. The dream of an unworked natural landscape is very much the fantasy of people who have never themselves had to work the land to family, make a livingurban folk for whom food comes from a supermarket or a restaurant instead of a field, and for whom the algebra wooden houses in research paper which they live and work apparently have no meaningful connection to the forests in which trees grow and die. Only people whose relation to the land was already alienated could hold up wilderness as a model for human life in nature, for online algebra, the romantic ideology of on spenser poem wilderness leaves precisely nowhere for human beings actually to make their living from the online class land. This, then, is the and cons graphic central paradox: wilderness embodies a dualistic vision in which the human is entirely outside the natural. If we allow ourselves to online class, believe that nature, to be true, must also be wild, then our very presence in nature represents its fall.

The place where we are is the place where nature is not. Antithesis Macbeth Act 3 Scene 2! If this is soif by online, definition wilderness leaves no place for human beings, save perhaps as contemplative sojourners enjoying their leisurely reverie in God’s natural cathedralthen also by definition it can offer no solution to the environmental and other problems that confront us. To the extent that we celebrate wilderness as the measure with which we judge civilization, we reproduce the dualism that sets humanity and nature at opposite poles. We thereby leave ourselves little hope of discovering what an ethical, sustainable, honorable human place in nature might actually look like. Worse: to the extent that we live in an urban-industrial civilization but at the same time pretend to health research, ourselves that our real home is in the wilderness, to just that extent we give ourselves permission to online, evade responsibility for the lives we actually lead.

We inhabit civilization while holding some part of scene 2 ourselveswhat we imagine to be the most precious partaloof from its entanglements. Class! We work our nine-to-five jobs in its institutions, we eat its food, we drive its cars (not least to reach the wilderness), we benefit from the intricate and all too invisible networks with which it shelters us, all the while pretending that these things are not an essential part of antithesis macbeth scene who we are. By imagining that our true home is in the wilderness, we forgive ourselves the homes we actually inhabit. In its flight from online class history, in introductory essay its siren song of escape, in class its reproduction of the dangerous dualism that sets human beings outside of naturein all of these ways, wilderness poses a serious threat to responsible environmentalism at write on spenser faerie queene, the end of the twentieth century. By now I hope it is clear that my criticism in this essay is not directed at wild nature per se, or even at online algebra, efforts to set aside large tracts of wild land, but rather at the specific habits of thinking that flow from this complex cultural construction called wilderness. It is not the things we label as wilderness that are the problemfor nonhuman nature and large tracts of the natural world do deserve protectionbut rather what we ourselves mean when we use the label. Lest one doubt how pervasive these habits of essay questions thought actually are in online algebra contemporary environmentalism, let me list some of the places where wilderness serves as the ideological underpinning for environmental concerns that might otherwise seem quite remote from it. Defenders of biological diversity, for instance, although sometimes appealing to more utilitarian concerns, often point to “untouched” ecosystems as the and cons essay graphic organizer best and class, richest repositories of the undiscovered species we must certainly try to protect. Self Essay! Although at first blush an apparently more “scientific” concept than wilderness, biological diversity in online fact invokes many of the same sacred values, which is why organizations like the Nature Conservancy have been so quick to employ it as an alternative to questions, the seemingly fuzzier and more problematic concept of online algebra class wilderness. There is a paradox here, of course.

To the antithesis macbeth act 3 extent that biological diversity (indeed, even wilderness itself) is likely to online algebra, survive in the future only by the most vigilant and self-conscious management of the ecosystems that sustain it, the ideology of wilderness is potentially in direct conflict with the very thing it encourages us to protect. (26) The most striking instances of this have revolved around “endangered species,” which serve as vulnerable symbols of biological diversity while at whirligig essay, the same time standing as surrogates for wilderness itself. The terms of the Endangered Species Act in the United States have often meant that those hoping to defend pristine wilderness have had to rely on online class, a single endangered species like the write an essay queene spotted owl to algebra, gain legal standing for their casethereby making the full power of the sacred land inhere in a single numinous organism whose habitat then becomes the object of intense debate about an essay faerie, appropriate management and use. (27) The ease with which anti-environmental forces like the wise-use movement have attacked such single-species preservation efforts suggests the vulnerability of strategies like these. Perhaps partly because our own conflicts over such places and organisms have become so messy, the convergence of wilderness values with concerns about biological diversity and endangered species has helped produce a deep fascination for remote ecosystems, where it is easier to imagine that nature might somehow be “left alone” to algebra, flourish by its own pristine devices. Self! The classic example is the tropical rain forest, which since the 1970s has become the most powerful modern icon of online class unfallen, sacred landa veritable Garden of Edenfor many Americans and Europeans. And yet protecting the essay questions rain forest in the eyes of online algebra First World environmentalists all too often means protecting it from the on spenser poem faerie people who live there. Those who seek to preserve such “wilderness” from the activities of online native peoples run the risk of reproducing the same tragedybeing forceably removed from an write an essay on spenser faerie queene ancient homethat befell American Indians. Third World countries face massive environmental problems and deep social conflicts, but these are not likely to be solved by a cultural myth that encourages us to “preserve” peopleless landscapes that have not existed in such places for millennia. At its worst, as environmentalists are beginning to realize, exporting American notions of wilderness in this way can become an unthinking and algebra class, self-defeating form of cultural imperialism. (28) Perhaps the most suggestive example of the way that wilderness thinking can underpin other environmental concerns has emerged in the recent debate about “global change.” In 1989 the journalist Bill McKibben published a book entitled The End of Nature, in which he argued that the prospect of global climate change as a result of write poem faerie unintentional human manipulation of the algebra class atmosphere means that nature as we once knew it no longer exists. (29) Whereas earlier generations inhabited a natural world that remained more or less unaffected by their actions, our own generation is uniquely different.

We and our children will henceforth live in a biosphere completely altered by our own activity, a planet in which the human and the natural can no longer be distinguished, because the one has overwhelmed the other. In McKibben’s view, nature has died, and we are responsible for killing it. “The planet,” he declares, “is utterly different now.” (30) But such a perspective is possible only outline if we accept the wilderness premise that nature, to be natural, must also be pristineremote from online class humanity and untouched by our common past. In fact, everything we know about environmental history suggests that people have been manipulating the natural world on various scales for as long as we have a record of essay questions their passing. Online Algebra Class! Moreover, we have unassailable evidence that many of the environmental changes we now face also occurred quite apart from human intervention at one time or another in the earth’s past. (31) The point is not that our current problems are trivial, or that our devastating effects on the earth’s ecosystems should be accepted as inevitable or “natural.” It is rather that we seem unlikely to essay organizer, make much progress in solving these problems if we hold up to ourselves as the mirror of nature a wilderness we ourselves cannot inhabit. To do so is algebra merely to take to a logical extreme the faerie queene paradox that was built into wilderness from the algebra beginning: if nature dies because we enter it, then the only way to save nature is to kill ourselves.

The absurdity of this proposition flows from the underlying dualism it expresses. Antithesis Scene! Not only does it ascribe greater power to humanity that we in fact possessphysical and online algebra class, biological nature will surely survive in some form or another long after we ourselves have gone the way of all fleshbut in the end it offers us little more than a self-defeating counsel of essay graphic despair. The tautology gives us no way out: if wild nature is the only thing worth saving, and if our mere presence destroys it, then the sole solution to our own unnaturalness, the only way to protect sacred wilderness from profane humanity, would seem to be suicide. It is online algebra not a proposition that seems likely to produce very positive or practical results. And yet radical environmentalists and deep ecologists all too frequently come close to accepting this premise as a first principle.

When they express, for instance, the popular notion that our environmental problems began with the family invention of agriculture, they push the human fall from natural grace so far back into the past that all of civilized history becomes a tale of ecological declension. Earth First! founder Dave Foreman captures the familiar parable succinctly when he writes, Before agriculture was midwifed in the Middle East, humans were in the wilderness. We had no concept of “wilderness” because everything was wilderness and we were a part of it. But with irrigation ditches, crop surpluses, and online algebra class, permanent villages, we became apart from the natural world. Between the wilderness that created us and the civilization created by us grew an ever-widening rift. (32) In this view the farm becomes the first and most important battlefield in the long war against wild nature, and all else follows in its wake. From such a starting place, it is hard not to reach the conclusion that the only way human beings can hope to live naturally on earth is to follow the antithesis act 3 hunter-gatherers back into algebra, a wilderness Eden and abandon virtually everything that civilization has given us. It may indeed turn out that civilization will end in ecological collapse or nuclear disaster, whereupon one might expect to find any human survivors returning to a way of life closer to that celebrated by Foreman and his followers. For most of us, though, such a debacle would be cause for regret, a sign that humanity had failed to fulfill its own promise and failed to introductory, honor its own highest valuesincluding those of the deep ecologists. In offering wilderness as the ultimate hunter-gatherer alternative to civilization, Foreman reproduces an online algebra extreme but still easily recognizable version of the myth of an essay frontier primitivism.

When he writes of his fellow Earth Firsters that “we believe we must return to being animal, to glorying in our sweat, hormones, tears, and blood” and that “we struggle against the modern compulsion to become dull, passionless androids,” he is following in the footsteps of Owen Wister. (33) Although his arguments give primacy to defending biodiversity and the autonomy of wild nature, his prose becomes most passionate when he speaks of preserving “the wilderness experience.” His own ideal “Big Outside” bears an uncanny resemblance to that of the frontier myth: wide open spaces and virgin land with no trails, no signs, no facilities, no maps, no guides, no rescues, no modern equipment. Online Algebra! Tellingly, it is a land where hardy travelers can support themselves by hunting with “primitive weapons (bow and an essay on spenser faerie queene, arrow, atlatl, knife, sharp rock).” (34) Foreman claims that “the primary value of wilderness is not as a proving ground for young Huck Finns and Annie Oakleys,” but his heart is with Huck and Annie all the same. He admits that “preserving a quality wilderness experience for the human visitor, letting her or him flex Paleolithic muscles or seek visions, remains a tremendously important secondary purpose.” (35) Just so does Teddy Roosevelt’s rough rider live on in the greener garb of a new age. However much one may be attracted to such a vision, it entails problematic consequences. For one, it makes wilderness the locus for online class, an epic struggle between malign civilization and benign nature, compared with which all other social, political, and self essay, moral concerns seem trivial. Foreman writes, “The preservation of class wildness and native diversity is the sociology family most important issue. Issues directly affecting only humans pale in comparison.” (36) Presumably so do any environmental problems whose victims are mainly people, for such problems usually surface in landscapes that have already “fallen” and are no longer wild. This would seem to exclude from the radical environmentalist agenda problems of algebra class occupational health and safety in industrial settings, problems of toxic waste exposure on health research paper outline, “unnatural” urban and agricultural sites, problems of poor children poisoned by lead exposure in the inner city, problems of famine and poverty and human suffering in the “overpopulated” places of the earthproblems, in short, of environmental justice.

If we set too high a stock on online class, wilderness, too many other corners of the earth become less than natural and questions, too many other people become less than human, thereby giving us permission not to care much about algebra, their suffering or their fate. It is no accident that these supposedly inconsequential environmental problems affect mainly poor people, for the long affiliation between wilderness and wealth means that the only poor people who count when wilderness is the issue are hunter-gatherers, who presumably do not consider themselves to be poor in the first place. The dualism at the heart of wilderness encourages its advocates to conceive of its protection as a crude conflict between the antithesis macbeth scene “human” and the “nonhuman”or, more often, between those who value the nonhuman and those who do not. This in turn tempts one to ignore crucial differences among humans and the complex cultural and historical reasons why different peoples may feel very differently about the meaning of wilderness. Why, for instance, is the algebra class ” wilderness experience” so often conceived as a form of recreation best enjoyed by those whose class privileges give them the health research time and online algebra class, resources to leave their jobs behind and “get away from it all?” Why does the protection of wilderness so often seem to pit urban recreationists against essay sociology rural people who actually earn their living from the land (excepting those who sell goods and services to the tourists themselves)? Why in the debates about pristine natural areas are “primitive” peoples idealized, even sentimentalized, until the moment they do something unprimitive, modern, and unnatural, and thereby fall from environmental grace? What are the consequences of a wilderness ideology that devalues productive labor and the very concrete knowledge that comes from working the land with one’s own hands? (37) All of these questions imply conflicts among different groups of people, conflicts that are obscured behind the deceptive clarity of “human” vs. “nonhuman.” If in answering these knotty questions we resort to so simplistic an algebra class opposition, we are almost certain to ignore the very subtleties and complexities we need to an essay on spenser, understand. But the most troubling cultural baggage that accompanies the algebra class celebration of wilderness has less to write poem queene, do with remote rain forests and peoples than with the ways we think about ourselveswe American environmentalists who quite rightly worry about the future of the earth and the threats we pose to online algebra class, the natural world.

Idealizing a distant wilderness too often means not idealizing the environment in which we actually live, the landscape that for better or worse we call home. Most of our most serious environmental problems start right here, at home, and health research outline, if we are to solve those problems, we need an environmental ethic that will tell us as much about using nature as about not using it. Online! The wilderness dualism tends to cast any use as abuse, and thereby denies us a middle ground in which responsible use and non-use might attain some kind of balanced, sustainable relationship. My own belief is essay questions that only by exploring this middle ground will we learn ways of imagining a better world for all of us: humans and nonhumans, rich people and poor, women and men, First Worlders and Third Worlders, white folks and online algebra class, people of essay color, consumers and producersa world better for humanity in online algebra all of its diversity and for all the rest of essay nature too. The middle ground is where we actually live. It is where weall of us, in our different places and waysmake our homes.

That is why, when I think of the times I myself have come closest to experiencing what I might call the sacred in nature, I often find myself remembering wild places much closer to home. Algebra Class! I think, for instance, of a small pond near my house where water bubbles up from limestone springs to feed a series of pools that rarely freeze in winter and so play home to waterfowl that stay here for the protective warmth even on the coldest of essay graphic organizer winter days, gliding silently through streaming mists as the online algebra class snow falls from gray February skies. Research Paper Outline! I think of a November evening long ago when I found myself on a Wisconsin hilltop in rain and dense fog, only to have the setting sun break through the class clouds to cast an otherworldly golden light on the misty farms and woodlands below, a scene so unexpected and joyous that I lingered past dusk so as not to miss any part of the gift that had come my way. And I think perhaps most especially of the blown-out, bankrupt farm in the sand country of central Wisconsin where Aldo Leopold and his family tried one of the first American experiments in ecological restoration, turning ravaged and infertile soil into self, carefully tended ground where the human and online algebra, the nonhuman could exist side by side in write an essay relative harmony. What I celebrate about such places is algebra class not just their wildness, though that certainly is among their most important qualities; what I celebrate even more is pros and cons essay that they remind us of the wildness in algebra our own backyards, of the nature that is all around us if only we have eyes to see it. Indeed, my principal objection to wilderness is that it may teach us to be dismissive or even contemptuous of such humble places and experiences. Without our quite realizing it, wilderness tends to privilege some parts of nature at the expense of others. Write Poem Faerie Queene! Most of us, I suspect, still follow the online conventions of the romantic sublime in finding the mountaintop more glorious than the plains, the ancient forest nobler than the write an essay on spenser poem faerie queene grasslands, the mighty canyon more inspiring than the humble marsh. Even John Muir, in arguing against those who sought to dam his beloved Hetch Hetchy valley in the Sierra Nevada, argued for alternative dam sites in the gentler valleys of the foothillsa preference that had nothing to do with nature and everything with the cultural traditions of the sublime. (38) Just as problematically, our frontier traditions have encouraged Americans to define “true” wilderness as requiring very large tracts of roadless landwhat Dave Foreman calls “The Big Outside.” Leaving aside the legitimate empirical question in conservation biology of class how large a tract of land must be before a given species can reproduce on it, the pros emphasis on online algebra, big wilderness reflects a romantic frontier belief that one hasn’t really gotten away from civilization unless one can go for days at a time without encountering another human being. By teaching us to fetishize sublime places and wide open country, these peculiarly American ways of thinking about wilderness encourage us to adopt too high a standard for what counts as “natural.” If it isn’t hundreds of introductory square miles big, if it doesn’t give us God’s eye views or grand vistas, if it doesn’t permit us the illusion that we are alone on the planet, then it really isn’t natural.

It’s too small, too plain, or too crowded to be authentically wild. In critiquing wilderness as I have done in this essay, I’m forced to confront my own deep ambivalence about its meaning for modern environmentalism. On the online algebra one hand, one of my own most important environmental ethics is that people should always be conscious that they are part of the natural world, inextricably tied to the ecological systems that sustain their lives. Any way of looking at nature that encourages us to believe we are separate from natureas wilderness tends to dois likely to reinforce environmentally irresponsible behavior. On the other hand, I also think it no less crucial for us to recognize and honor nonhuman nature as a world we did not create, a world with its own independent, nonhuman reasons for being as it is.

The autonomy of nonhuman nature seems to me an indispensable corrective to human arrogance. Any way of looking at self essay, nature that helps us rememberas wilderness also tends to dothat the interests of people are not necessarily identical to those of every other creature or of the earth itself is likely to online algebra, foster responsible behavior. To the extent that wilderness has served as an important vehicle for health paper outline, articulating deep moral values regarding our obligations and responsibilities to the nonhuman world, I would not want to jettison the contributions it has made to our culture’s ways of online thinking about nature. If the core problem of wilderness is that it distances us too much from the self very things it teaches us to value, then the question we must ask is what it can tell us about algebra class, home, the place where we actually live. How can we take the pros essay organizer positive values we associate with wilderness and bring them closer to home? I think the answer to this question will come by broadening our sense of the online algebra class otherness that wilderness seeks to define and protect. In reminding us of the world we did not make, wilderness can teach profound feelings of humility and respect as we confront our fellow beings and the earth itself. Feelings like these argue for antithesis, the importance of self-awareness and self criticism as we exercise our own ability to transform the world around us, helping us set responsible limits to human masterywhich without such limits too easily becomes human hubris. Wilderness is the place where, symbolically at least, we try to withhold our power to dominate. Wallace Stegner once wrote of.

the special human mark, the special record of human passage, that distinguishes man from all other species. It is rare enough among men, impossible to any other form of life. Online! It is simply the deliberate and chosen refusal to make any marks at all. We are the most dangerous species of life on the planet, and every other species, even the earth itself, has cause to essay family, fear our power to exterminate. But we are also the algebra class only species which, when it chooses to graphic organizer, do so, will go to great effort to save what it might destroy. (39) The myth of wilderness, which Stegner knowingly reproduces in online class these remarks, is that we can somehow leave nature untouched by our passage.

By now it should be clear that this for queene, the most part is an online algebra class illusion. Whirligig Essay Questions! But Stegner’s deeper message then becomes all the more compelling. If living in history means that we cannot help leaving marks on algebra, a fallen world, then the dilemma we face is to decide what kinds of marks we wish to research paper, leave. It is just here that our cultural traditions of wilderness remain so important. Online Algebra Class! In the broadest sense, wilderness teaches us to ask whether the Other must always bend to our will, and, if not, under what circumstances it should be allowed to whirligig, flourish without our intervention. This is surely a question worth asking about online algebra, everything we do, and not just about the natural world. When we visit a wilderness area, we find ourselves surrounded by plants and animals and physical landscapes whose otherness compels our attention. Self! In forcing us to acknowledge that they are not of our making, that they have little or no need of our continued existence, they recall for us a creation far greater than our own.

In the wilderness, we need no reminder that a tree has its own reasons for being, quite apart from algebra class us. The same is essay family less true in the gardens we plant and tend ourselves: there it is far easier to forget the otherness of the online class tree. (40) Indeed, one could almost measure wilderness by macbeth scene 2, the extent to algebra, which our recognition of its otherness requires a conscious, willed act on our part. The romantic legacy means that wilderness is more a state of mind than a fact of nature, and health research paper outline, the state of online algebra class mind that today most defines wilderness is wonder. The striking power of the wild is introductory essay that wonder in the face of algebra it requires no act of will, but forces itself upon antithesis act 3 scene 2, usas an online algebra expression of the antithesis act 3 nonhuman world experienced through the lens of our cultural historyas proof that ours is not the only presence in the universe. Wilderness gets us into trouble only if we imagine that this experience of wonder and otherness is online limited to the remote corners of the planet, or that it somehow depends on pristine landscapes we ourselves do not inhabit. Nothing could be more misleading. The tree in the garden is in reality no less other, no less worthy of our wonder and respect, than the tree in an ancient forest that has never known an ax or a saweven though the pros essay graphic tree in the forest reflects a more intricate web of ecological relationships. The tree in algebra class the garden could easily have sprung from the same seed as the tree in the forest, and we can claim only its location and perhaps its form as our own. Both trees stand apart from us; both share our common world.

The special power of the tree in the wilderness is to research outline, remind us of this fact. It can teach us to recognize the online class wildness we did not see in the tree we planted in our own backyard. By seeing the otherness in that which is most unfamiliar, we can learn to see it too in that which at first seemed merely ordinary. If wilderness can do thisif it can help us perceive and respect a nature we had forgotten to recognize as naturalthen it will become part of the solution to health, our environmental dilemmas rather than part of the problem. This will only happen, however, if we abandon the dualism that sees the online algebra tree in the garden as artificialcompletely fallen and family, unnaturaland the tree in online algebra the wilderness as naturalcompletely pristine and wild. Outline! Both trees in some ultimate sense are wild; both in a practical sense now depend on our management and care.

We are responsible for both, even though we can claim credit for online algebra, neither. Our challenge is to stop thinking of such things according to set of bipolar moral scales in which the human and the nonhuman, the unnatural and the natural, the fallen and the unfallen, serve as our conceptual map for understanding and valuing the world. Instead, we need to embrace the full continuum of a natural landscape that is also cultural, in which the city, the whirligig essay suburb, the online algebra pastoral, and the wild each has its proper place, which we permit ourselves to celebrate without needlessly denigrating the others. We need to honor the Other within and the Other next door as much as we do the exotic Other that lives far awaya lesson that applies as much to people as it does to (other) natural things. In particular, we need to pros organizer, discover a common middle ground in which all of online class these things, from the city to the wilderness, can somehow be encompassed in whirligig questions the word “home.” Home, after all, is the place where finally we make our living.

It is the place for class, which we take responsibility, the place we try to sustain so we can pass on an essay, what is best in it (and in ourselves) to our children. (41) The task of making a home in nature is what Wendell Berry has called “the forever unfinished lifework of our species.” “The only thing we have to preserve nature with” he writes, “is culture; the only thing we have to algebra class, preserve wildness with is domesticity.” (42) Calling a place home inevitably means that we will use the nature we find in it, for there can be no escape from research manipulating and working and even killing some parts of nature to algebra class, make our home. But if we acknowledge the autonomy and otherness of the things and creatures around usan autonomy our culture has taught us to essay questions, label with the word “wild”then we will at least think carefully about the uses to online algebra, which we put them, and sociology, even ask if we should use them at all. just so can we still join Thoreau in declaring that “in Wildness is the online algebra preservation of the World,” for wildness (as opposed to wilderness) can be found anywhere: in the seemingly tame fields and woodlots of Massachusetts, in the cracks of a Manhattan sidewalk, even in the cells of our own bodies. As Gary Snyder has wisely said, “A person with a clear heart and open mind can experience the wilderness anywhere on earth. It is essay a quality of one’s own consciousness. Online Algebra! The planet is a wild place and always will be.” (43) To think ourselves capable of causing “the end of nature” is an act of and cons essay graphic organizer great hubris, for online algebra, it means forgetting the wildness that dwells everywhere within and around us.

Learning to honor the wildlearning to whirligig questions, remember and acknowledge the autonomy of the othermeans striving for critical self-consciousness in online class all of our actions. It means the deep reflection and respect must accompany each act of use, and means too that we must always consider the possibility of non-use. It means looking at the part of nature we intend to antithesis macbeth act 3 scene 2, turn toward our own ends and asking whether we can use it again and again and againsustainablywithout its being diminished in the process. Algebra! It means never imagining that we can flee into a mythical wilderness to antithesis macbeth act 3 scene, escape history and the obligation to take responsibility for our own actions that history inescapably entails. Most of all, it means practicing remembrance and gratitude, for algebra, thanksgiving is the simplest and most basic of pros and cons essay organizer ways for us to recollect the nature, the culture, and the history that have come together to make the world as we know it. If wildness can stop being (just) out there and algebra class, start being (also) in here, if it can start being as humane as it is natural, then perhaps we can get on macbeth act 3 scene 2, with the unending task of struggling to live rightly in the worldnot just in the garden, not just in the wilderness, but in the home that encompasses them both. 1. Henry David Thoreau, “Walking,” The Works of Thoreau, ed. Henry S. Canby (Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin, 1937), p. Class! 672. 2. Oxford English Dictionary, s.v. “wilderness”; see also Roderick Nash, Wilderness and essay, the American Mind, 3rd ed. Online Class! (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale Univ. Press, 1982), pp. 1-22; and write poem queene, Max Oelsehlaeger, The Idea of Wilderness: From Prehistory to the Age of algebra class Ecology (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale Univ.

Press, 1991). 3. Exodus 32:1-35, KJV. 4. Exodus 14:3, KJV. 5. Mark 1:12-13, KJV; see also Matthew 4:1-11; Luke 4:1-13. 6. John Milton, “Paradise Lost,” John Milton: Complete Poems and Major Prose, ed. Merritt Y. Hughes (New York: Odyssey Press, 1957), pp. Self Introductory Essay! 280-81, lines 131-42.

7. I have discussed this theme at length in “Landscapes of Abundance and Scarcity,” in Clyde Milner et al., eds., Oxford History of the American West (New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1994), pp. 603-37. The classic work on the Puritan “city on algebra, a hill” in colonial New England is Perry Miller, Errand into the Wilderness (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard Univ. Press, 1956). 8. John Muir, My First Summer in the Sierra (1911), reprinted in John Muir: The Eight Wilderness Discovery Books (London, England: Diadem; Seattle, Washington: Mountaineers, 1992), P. 211. 9. Alfred Route, National Parks: The American Experience, 2nd ed. (Lincoln: Univ. of Nebraska Press, 1987) 10.

John Muir, The Yosemite (1912), reprinted in John Muir: Eight Wilderness Discovery Books, P. 715. 11. Scholarly work on the sublime is extensive. Among the most important studies are Samuel Monk, The Sublime: A Study of Critical Theories in sociology XVIII-Century England (New York: Modern Language Association, 1935); Basil Willey, The Eighteenth-Century Background: Studies on the Idea of Nature in the Thought of the online Period (London, England: Chattus and Windus, 1949); Marjorie Hope Nicolson, Mountain Gloom and Mountain Glory: The Development of the Aesthetics of the Infinite (Ithaca, New York: Cornell Univ. Press, 1959); Thomas Weiskel, The Romantic Sublime: Studies in antithesis macbeth act 3 scene the Structure and Psychology of Transcendence (Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkin.s Univ. Press, 1976); Barbara Novak, Nature and Culture: American Landscape Painting, 1825-1875 (New York: Oxford Univ. Online! Press, ig8o). 12. On Spenser Faerie Queene! The classic works are Immanuel Kant, Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime (1764), trans. John T. Goldthwait (Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 196o); Edmund Burke, A Philosophical Enquiry into class, the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful, ed.

James T. Paper Outline! Boulton (1958; Notre Dame, Indiana: Univ. of Notre Dame Press, 1968); William Gilpin, Three Essays: On Picturesque Beauty; on class, Picturesque Travel; and on Sketching Landscape (London, England, 1803) 13. See Ann Vileisis, “From Wastelands to Wetlands” (unpublished senior essay, Yale Univ., 1989); Route, National Parks. 14. William Wordsworth, “The Prelude,” bk. Macbeth Scene! 6, in Thomas Hutchinson, ed., The Poetical Works of Wordsworth (London, England: Oxford Umv. Class! Press, 1936), p. 536. 15. Henry David Thoreau, The Maine Woods (1864), in Henry David Thoreau (New York: Library of America, 1985), pp.

640-41. 16. Exodus 16:10, KJV. 17. John Muir, My First Summer in the Sierra, p. 238. Part of the difference between these descriptions may reflect the whirligig questions landscapes the three authors were describing. In his essay, “Reinventing Common Nature: Yosemite and Mount RushmoreA Meandering Tale of a Double Nature,” Kenneth Olwig notes that early American travelers experienced Yosemite as much through the aesthetic tropes of the pastoral as through those of the sublime. The ease with which Muir celebrated the gentle divinity of the Sierra Nevada had much to do with the pastoral qualities of the online class landscape he described. See Olwig, “Reinventing Common Nature: Yosemite and Mount RushmoreA Meandering Tale of a Double Nature,” Uncommon Ground: Toward Reinventing Nature, ed.

William Cronon (New York: W. And Cons! W. Norton CO, 1995), PP 379-408. 18. Frederick Jackson Turner, The Frontier in American History (New York: Henry Holt, 1920), pp. Online Algebra Class! 37-38. 19. Richard Slotkin has made this observation the essay questions linchpin of online algebra class his comparison between Turner and Theodore Roosevelt. See Slotkin, Gunfighter Nation: The Myth of the Frontier in antithesis act 3 2 Twentieth-Century America (New York: Atheneum, 1992), pp.

29-62. 20. Owen Wister, The Virginian: A Horseman of the Plains (New York: Macmillan, 1902), pp. viii-ix. 21. Online Class! Theodore Roosevelt, Ranch Life and the Hunting Trail (1888; NewYork: Century, 1899), p. 100. 22.

Wister, Virginian, p. x. 23. Scene 2! On the many problems with this view, see William M. Denevan, “The Pristine Myth: The Landscape of the Americas in 1492,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 82 (1992): 369-85. 24. Louis Warren, “The Hunter’s Came: Poachers, Conservationists, and algebra, Twentieth-Century America” (Ph.D. diss., Yale University, 1994). 25.

Wilderness also lies at the foundation of the macbeth 2 Clementsian ecological concept of the climax. See Michael Barbour, “Ecological Fragmentation in the Fifties” in Cronon, Uncommon Ground, pp. Algebra! 233-55, and William Cronon, “Introduction: In Search of poem faerie Nature,” in Cronon, Uncommon Ground, pp. 23-56. 26. On the many paradoxes of algebra having to manage wilderness in order to maintain the self introductory essay appearance of an online class unmanaged landscape, see John C. Hendee et al., Wilderness Management, USDA Forest Service Miscellaneous Publication No.

1365 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1978). 27. Family! See James Proctor, “Whose Nature?: The Contested Moral Terrain of Ancient Forests,” in Cronon, Uncommon Ground, pp. Online! 269-97. 28.

See Candace Slater, “Amazonia as Edenic Narrative,” in health research paper outline Cronon, Uncommon Ground, pp. 114-31. This argument has been powerfully made by online, Ramachandra Cuba, “Radical American Environmentalism: A Third World Critique,” Environmental Ethics 11 (1989): 71-83. 29. Bill McKibben, The End of scene Nature (New York: Random House, 1989). 30. McKibben, The End of Nature, p. Online Algebra Class! 49. 31. Even comparable extinction rates have occurred before, though we surely would not want to emulate the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary extinctions as a model for and cons essay, responsible manipulation of the biosphere! 32.

Dave Foreman, Confessions of an Eco-Warrior (New York: Harmony Books, 1991, p. 69 (italics in original). For a sampling of other writings by followers of deep ecology and/or Earth First!, see Michael Tobias, ed., Deep Ecology (San Diego, California: Avant Books, 1984); Bill Devall and class, George Sessions, Deep Ecology: Living as if Nature Mattered (Salt Lake City, Utah: Gibbs Smith, 1985); Michael Tobias, After Eden: History, Ecology, and Conscience (San Diego, California: Avant Books, 1985); Dave Foreman and Bill Haywood, eds., Ecodefense: A Field Guide to essay family, Monkey Wrenching, 2nd ed. (Tucson, Arizona: Ned Ludd Books, 1987); Bill Devall, Simple in online algebra Means, Rich in Ends: Practicing Deep Ecology (Salt Lake City, Utah: Gibbs Smith, 1988); Steve Chase, ed., Defending the Earth: A Dialogue between Murray Bookchin Dave Foreman (Boston, Massachusetts: South End Press, 1991); John Davis, ed., The Earth First, Reader. Ten Years of Radical Environmentalism (Salt Lake City, Utah: Gibbs Smith, 1991); Bill Devall, Living Richly in an Age of Limits: Using Deep Ecology for an Abundant Life (Salt Lake, City, Utah: Gibbs Smith, 1993); Michael E. Zimmerman ct al., eds., Environmental Philosophy: From Animal Rights to health research paper, Radical Ecology (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1993). A useful survey of the online class different factions of radical environmentalism can be found in Carolyn Merchant, Radical Ecology: The Search for a Livable World (New York: Routledge, 1992). For a very interesting critique of health research this literature (first published in the anarchist newspaper Fifth Estate), see George Bradford, How Deep is online class Deep Ecology? (Ojai, California: Times Change Press, 1989). 33. Foreman, Confessions of an write an essay faerie Eco-Warrior, P. 34. 34. Algebra! Foreman, Confessions of an Eco-Warrior, p. 65. See also Dave Foreman and paper, Howie Wolke, The Big Outside: A Descriptive Inventory of the Big Wilderness Areas of the U.S. Online Algebra Class! (Tucson, Arizona: Ned Ludd Books, 1989). 35.

Foreman, Confessions of an Eco-Warrior, p. 63. 36. Foreman, Confessions of an Eco-Warrior, P. Antithesis Macbeth 2! 27. 37. Algebra! See Richard White, ”’Are You an Environmentalist or Do You Work for a Living?’: Work and Nature,” in Cronon, Uncommon Ground, pp. 171-85. Compare its analysis of environmental knowledge through work with Jennifer Price’s analysis of environmental knowledge through consumption. It is not much of an exaggeration to sociology family, say that the wilderness experience is essentially consumerist in its impulses. 38. Compare with Muir, Yosemite, in John Muir: Eight Wilderness Discovery Books, p. 714. 39.

Wallace Stegner, ed., This Is Dinosaur: Echo Park Country and Its Magic Rivers (New York: Knopf, 1955), P. Algebra! 17 (italics in original). 40. Katherine Hayles helped me see the importance of this argument. 41. Analogous arguments can be found in John Brinckerhoff Jackson, “Beyond Wilderness,” A Sense of Place, a Sense of Time (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale Univ. Press, 1994), pp. 71-91, and in the wonderful collection of essays by Michael Pollan, Second Nature: A Gardener’s Education (New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1991). 42. Macbeth Act 3 2! Wendell Berry, Home Economics (San Francisco, California: North Point, 1987), pp. 138, 143. 43.

Gary Snyder, quoted in New York Times, “Week in Review,” 18 September 1994, p. 6. Excerpted from online algebra Uncommon Ground: Toward Reinventing Nature, edited by William Cronon. Copyright 1995 by William Cronon. Reprinted with permission of the publisher, W. W. Norton Company, Inc. Copyright William Cronon. (Please do not reprint without permission; links to this website are fine.)

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If the jobs are relevant to algebra class the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like. With regards to health research paper your military experience, check out online algebra class our military to civilian resume guide: https://resumegenius.com/blog/go-shooting-guns-coffee-runs. Any of the templates in library 2 would be suitable for manufacturing careers. Antithesis Macbeth 2. Best of luck! I’ve worked in the same industry for online algebra the past 13 years. Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to three years each. The jobs have been similar, so the experience looks a bit repetitive. I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications. Write On Spenser Faerie. Good luck on the job hunt!

hi resume genius.. i need template resume that suitable for trainer and coach.. can u suggest to me with template is suitable.. Online Class. #128578; I had a job for essay 7 years and during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc. Online Algebra Class. How would I write that on whirligig essay questions my resume? Perhaps the Company name and then all the related roles under that and the times I did those jobs? I was always the Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is online algebra, correct. Self Introductory Essay. Start with the company name and included the related jobs with their own bullet points underneath. Good luck! Consider trying the ‘Job Hopper’ or the ‘Executive.’ They should able to fit all your jobs nicely. Ive never had a job so what should I use?

Most of the templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over the dates of your professional experience. (https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/career-level-life-situation-templates#career-changer-templates) Best of luck! We suggest using the ‘Gatsby’ Template. Good luck with grad school! As far as style, we suggest our ‘Professional’ template. In terms of format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to consider using a functional format:https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Hope this helps! We suggest using our ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the internship! Good Day Resume Genius.I’m a midwife by profession an has worked in a military hospital for online algebra 16 years in KSA.

I’m trying to act 3 2 apply as a home based ESL educator and an email respondent . Since I’m from the medical profession, I’m having difficulty in choosing the perfect resume.The skill I know is more on the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for appointments and summary, interpreter and my part time informal english lessons to algebra native speaking arabs. What template should I use? Try the ‘Murray’ template. Good luck! Hello.

Which is good for cabin crew applicant? I have no many work experience in service. So i want to highlight the other things. Thanks #128578; Take a look at our Flight Attendant resume sample: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/flight-attendant-resume-example You can download it and whirligig questions input your own information. Which template would you recommend for class a career in education? Check out our teacher resume samples: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/teacher-resume-example You can download them and input your own experience. Try using the ‘Freeman’ template. Questions. Best of online algebra class, luck on the promotion!

Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to whirligig essay questions apply for a competitive summer program with the USDA and online South Dakota State University? Sound like the ‘Entry-Level’ template would be a good fit for what you’re trying to do. Good luck with the summer program. Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to tap into the finance and accounting market.

Looking for an entry-level position. You should go with the ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and online work. Research. Now seeking to get back into the job market for extra income, not necessarily in class the health field, just to earn some income and socialize. What resume do you suggest? Try the ‘Job Hopper’ template. Good luck with your job search! Hi!

What resume template would you recommend for questions a 9th grader trying to online algebra class apply for a doctor (any)?? Apparently, resume making and interviewing is our project for the fourth quarter this year. I couldn’t find any clear examples on write on spenser poem faerie queene the web, and I was hoping you could help me out class with what template I should use.. Try using the ‘Elegant 2.0’ template. Good luck on your project. Yes, if you click the View all Resume Designs button and click the download link for the template pack of your choice.

If you’ve never written a resume before, I’d recommend checking out our “How to Write a Resume” guide to get a clearer idea (it’s much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume. Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read we’ll see if we can help further! Good luck! Hey there Margaret, In order to best understand which template works, it’s a good idea to check out which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. All of the pros and cons essay organizer templates were created by professional resume writers, so it’s hard to go wrong with any of class, them — it just depends on your preference. Good luck! It really depends on pros graphic organizer what job you’re applying for. Algebra. Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Check out this page and essay family choose the online algebra one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats.

Good luck on the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an aside, you may want to look into whether you’re qualified to get back into accounting after that many years outside of the field. I understand that some regulations and rules change over the years — it may just be a matter of family, taking a test or updating your certifications, but I’m not certain. If that doesn’t seem to online algebra be a problem then go with the functional resume for sure. Self Essay. Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in major experience, I’d recommend using a reverse chronological format for online class your resume.

Our “Classic” template on this page should do the trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at the job fair! I recommend you first check out our internship resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. Afterwards, feel free to choose any format – just use a comprehensive education section instead of paper outline, a professional experience section, and you should be good. Algebra Class. Good luck landing that internship! Share Free Downloadable Resume Templates Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to family help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to online algebra the Resume Genius Terms of whirligig questions, Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to Improve Your Resume.

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Where you as the consultant are recommending to the Ministry. Where you as the consultant are recommending to the Ministry of Sport in a developing nation the str#8230; Show more Where you as the consultant are recommending to online algebra, the Ministry of Sport in a developing nation the strategy that you propose to help that country develop a healthy sport culture and structure that can be positive force for growth in an essay queene, the next ten years. You will use your knowledge of economic principles, competitive balance, labor markets, economic impact etc. to class, recommend major policies that will help your client country thrive over that period. Your work should take the form of a report to the Minister of Sport. It should be as detailed as necessary with no minimum or maximum length. You may submit a written document or any other form of and cons graphic organizer, presentation you wish. Simply stated it must answer the following questions: What goals are you recommending for the country/ministry? (what do you want?) What benefits will be derived? (why do you want it?) What are the obstacles to be overcome? (why don#8217;t you have it yet?) What actions are recommended? (what are you willing to do to get it?) Ask yourself: What will your structure look like? Will there be amateur and/or professional components? What sports will I emphasize?

Why? Will there be economic and online algebra class, social benefits to the country? This is sort of a jump forward as we have focused almost all our discussions on the US market and research paper outline, economy. Online Class! But we#8217;ve recently witnessed events like the World Cup in soccer, the Olympics, the World Basketball Championships (now also called the World Cup) and numerous individual sports. But it#8217;s a chance to use your creativity and imagination to come up with how you see a well run system of leagues, clubs, committees and individuals working together to help a developing nation grow. • Show less. 1. Write Poem Faerie! Assume the annual interest rate is 8%. Algebra! Identify the essay organizer calcu.

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(Figure 5.11) What is the size of the substitution effect associate#8230; Show more Figure 5.11 Reference: Ref 5-11 (Figure 5.11) What is the size of the substitution effect associated with the increase in the price of football tickets? A. The number of tickets purchased decreases from 6 to 3. B. Introductory Essay! The number of tickets purchased decreases from algebra class, 4 to essay, 3. C. The number of tickets purchased decreases from 20 to 8. D. Online! The number of tickets purchased decreases from sociology, 6 to 4. • Show less. Algebra! (Figure 5.16) The income effect of the price increase causes. (Figure 5.16) The income effect of the price increase causes consum#8230; Show more Figure 5.16 Reference: Ref 5-16 (Figure 5.16) The income effect of the price increase causes consumption of baseball hats to: A. decrease by antithesis macbeth act 3 scene 2 3. Algebra Class! B. decrease by 4. C. increase by 1. D. decrease by 1. • Show less. (Figure 5.14) What is the size of the income effect associat. (Figure 5.14) What is the size of the introductory income effect associated with#8230; Show more Figure 5.14 Reference: Ref 5-14 (Figure 5.14) What is the size of the algebra income effect associated with the decrease in the price of good X? A. Introductory! The quantity of good X purchased increases from 3 to 5. B. The quantity of good X purchased increases from online algebra class, 4 to 5. C. The quantity of good X purchased decreases from 5 to 2, 4. D. The quantity of good X purchased increases from 3 to 4. • Show less. Britain is proud of its National Health Service (NHS). In 19. Britain is proud of its National Health Service (NHS). In 1948, the National Health Service Act stip#8230; Show more Britain is proud of algebra, its National Health Service (NHS). In 1948, the National Health Service Act stipulated that the government would provide virtually free medical care for all citizens. Physicians receive a salary plus a per-patient payment from the government.

The NHS embodies the socialist philosophy that profit-driven markets are not the appropriate mechanism for introductory essay, allocating health care. Markets serve two functions simultaneously: (1) allocation of existing goods and online class, services among competing buyers, and (2) motivation for producers to bring new goods and write an essay, services to the market. Algebra Class! The NHS was established to replace market-determined prices with prioritized waiting lists as the allocation mechanism among competing buyers. Recently, however, the NHS has embraced the profit motive as a mechanism for performing the second function. The Economist reported that the government has introduced mechanisms to allow hospitals and self introductory, individual inventors to profit from their innovations.

Intellectual property rights will be assigned and protected, allowing the market to reward producers. The Economist predicts an enthusiastic reaction by producers. #8220;In the first year of this new regime, the NHS has earned about ?500,000 ($830,000) from about a dozen inventions or new techniques. There is, American experience suggests, plenty of scope for more. One American hospital alone–Massachusetts General in Boston– has an annual licensing income from its doctors#8217; discoveries of $30m. In 2002, the hospital reckoned it made 213 discoveries, filed 104 patents, and spun out four companies.#8221; (#8220;Healthy Profits.#8221; The Economist October 2, 2003) a) Imagine a doctor in Britain finds a way to class, treat stomach ulcers with common kitchen ingredients, replacing a costly prescription medication. The potential marginal social benefit of health research paper, this discovery would be the amount saved by the NHS on all ulcer patients#8217; prescriptions, which is tremendous. If there are no intellectual property rights, what is likely to online algebra class, occur. b) Why might your consumption of medical services confer some external benefits to the people around you? • Show less. Essay Sociology! (Figure 5.1) Francis spends his income on fishing charters a. (Figure 5.1) Francis spends his income on fishing charters and class, jumpin#8230; Show more Figure 5.1 Reference: Ref 5-1 (Figure 5.1) Francis spends his income on fishing charters and jumping out of airplanes. Pros And Cons Essay Organizer! Which of the online following statements is introductory essay TRUE? A. An increase in the price of parachute jumps could cause the class optimal consumption bundle to move from point A to point B. Sociology Family! B. Fishing charters are an class inferior good.

C. An increase in income could cause the optimal consumption bundle to move from point A to point B. D. Parachute jumps are an inferior good. • Show less.

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felony resume fraud AELE LAW LIBRARY OF CASE SUMMARIES: Employment Labor Law for Public Safety Agencies. Untruthfulness Resume Fraud. A former FBI Agent who engaged in online algebra class, a sexual relationship with a confidential informant was sentenced to a year in prison for making a number of false statements to his supervisor and to Justice Department investigators.

He falsely stated, while signing up the woman as a confidential informant, that she was not a suspect in any pending investigation, and essay graphic organizer lied about whether he had given FBI reports to the informant's attorney. U.S. v. Online! [Adrian] Busby #1:11-cr-00370 (S.D.N.Y. 2012). Supreme Court votes 7-to-2 to reverse the line of cases that allowed a criminal suspect to whirligig essay questions, reply an exculpatory no. 18 U.S. Algebra! Code Sec. 1001 permits prosecutions for lying to whirligig essay, a federal agent.

Brogan v. U.S., 1998 U.S. Lexis 648, 118 S.Ct. Algebra Class! 805. [1998 FP 35] Appeals court upholds the decision by an arbitration panel of health paper outline not to issue a subpoena for the disciplinary files of other officers who were disciplined for untruthfulness. AFSCME v. City of class New Haven, #AC 23347, 2004 Conn. App. Lexis 56 (2004). [2004 FP Apr] Falsifying time cards or other records.

Arbitrator sustains the on spenser poem faerie, termination of a public employee, without a prior warning, for falsifying a doctor’s note, extending the time that she could be off work. Algebra! Univ. of essay family Calif. San Francisco and Coalition of University Employees, 125 LA (BNA) 1808 (Staudohar, 2009). Arbitrator sustains the termination of a worker for dishonesty; the grievant claimed he was suffering from an injury, not an illness, and it is “clear to anyone who watched the video of him at Home Depot that he was ambulatory and had a fair range of online algebra class motion in both shoulders.” Lincoln Electric System and IBEW L-1536, FMCS Case #08/56659, 125 LA (BNA) 1185 (Gaba, 2008). Arbitrator sustains the termination of a water dept. Health! worker for falsifying records. AFSCME C-8, L-101 and City of Dayton, AAA #52-390-00330-04 (Graham, 2005). California appeals court affirms the termination of an LAPD officer who submitted a false daily field activities report. Haney v. City of online algebra class Los Angeles, No. B153530, 2003 Cal.

App. Lexis 763 (2d Dist. 2003). Filing a false police report, claim or complaint. Appellate panel sustains the termination of a postal employee for falsifying time records. Sociology Family! White v. Postal Service, #2010-3057, 2010 U.S. App. Lexis 12062 (Unpub. Fed.

Cir.). Arbitrator upholds the firing of a police employee who made serious allegations against the police chief that she knew were untrue. A police dept. Online Algebra Class! must have confidence that its employees will be truthful at all times. City of Port Orchard and Teamsters L-589, Case #18103-A-03-1396, 123 LA (BNA) 581 (Knutson, 2006). California appellate affirms a civil service commission to reduce a termination to a 90-day suspension for a sergeant who turned in a factually inaccurate internal investigation report. The sergeant had received no formal training and was inexperienced in I-A report writing, and did not intend to deceive his superiors. Kolender v. San Diego County Civil Service Commission (Salenko), #D045266, 132 Cal.App.4th 1150, 2005 Cal. App. Lexis 1492, 2005 WL 2002283 (4th Dist. 2005). [2005 FP Dec]

Massachusetts Supreme Court overturns an arbitration award reinstating an antithesis officer that falsely arrested a citizen and repeatedly lied in his reports about the event. A police officer who . Online Class! shrouds his own misconduct in an extended web of on spenser faerie lies and perjured testimony, corrodes the public's confidence in online algebra, its police force. City of Boston v. Boston Police Assn., #SJC-09297, 443 Mass. 813, 824 N.E.2d 855, 2005 Mass. Lexis 151 (Mass. 2005). [2005 FP Jun]

Whistleblower law did not protect a North Carolina state trooper who was fired for omitting information about the use of force by another officer in his initial report, and then reported it in pros essay organizer, an amended report. Newberne v. Crime Control and Public Safety, #COA03-530, 606 S.E.2d 742, 2005 N.C. App. Lexis 176 (2005). Arbitrator sustains a 10-day disciplinary suspension of a non-safety city worker who falsely reported that her car had been hit in a parking lot. City of algebra North Ridgedale and AFSCME L-3442, 119 LA (BNA) 747 (Fullmer, 2003). Arbitrator sustains the termination of an officer, who had a prior disciplinary offense, of neglect of duty and false reporting. He falsely claimed he was only whirligig essay questions parked in a secluded area a short period while on a meal break.

City of Cooper City and Broward Co. PBA, 118 LA (BNA) 842, FMCS Case #020814/04630-3 (Hoffman, 2003). Algebra! [2003 FP Nov] Appeals court sustains demotion of a jail sergeant who claimed he saw his lieutenant mistreat an inmate. His story was not believed, he delayed reporting the accusations, and failed to intervene in the alleged beating. LaGrange v. Nueces Co., 989 S.W.2d 96 (Tex.App. 1999). [2000 FP 59] Appellate court in California concludes that an essay sociology investigator was lawfully terminated for making false statements on a workers' compensation claim form and was dishonest with his supervisor. Holmes v. Dist. Online Class! Atty., 81 Cal.Rptr.2d 174, 1998 Cal. App. Lexis 1094. On Spenser Poem Queene! [1999 FP 40]

Appellate court upholds termination of a police officer who failed to conduct a proper felony investigation, gave false and misleading statements to another officer, failed to complete a report, submitted an inaccurate report, and possessed another officer's uniform. Marino v. City of online class Los Angeles, 110 Cal.Rptr. 45, 34 Cal.App.3d 461 (1973). Termination upheld for making a false written statement. Cruz v. City of San Antonio, 440 S.W.2d 924 (Tex.Civ. App. 1969). Connecticut Supreme Court sustains disciplinary action against police officers that misrepresented their residency. Wilbur v. Walsh, 147 Conn.

317, 160 A.2d 755 (1960). Immunity of persons who respond to investigators. California appellate court holds that statements made by a former employer during a background investigation by a law enforcement agency were absolutely privileged against a suit for defamation. Shea v. General Tel., 193 Cal.App.3d 1040, 238 Cal.Rptr. 715 (App. 1987).

Filing a false medical report justified the discharge of a firefighter. Nelmark v. Introductory! DeKalb Bd. of Fire P. Cmsnrs., 512 N.E.2d 1021 (Ill.App. 1987). Intent (necessity of) Federal Merit Board overturns an arbitrator that upheld the algebra, termination of poem a FLETC instructor for falsifying her educational qualifications. She listed a degree from Hamilton University, an institution that lacks Dept. of online class Education approval and grants credit for whirligig questions, life experiences.

To sustain a falsification charge, management must prove an online class employee supplied incorrect information with the intention of defrauding the agency. She did earn a bachelor's degree in criminal justice from Hamilton, but the arbitrator focused on the value of the degree. FitzGerald v. Dept. of Homeland Security, #CB-7121-07-0014-V-1, 2008 MSPB 17, 107 MSPR 666, 2008 MSPB Lexis 17. California appellate affirms a civil service commission to reduce a termination to a 90-day suspension for a sergeant who turned in a factually inaccurate internal investigation report. The sergeant had received no formal training and was inexperienced in I-A report writing, and write on spenser faerie did not intend to deceive his superiors. Kolender v. San Diego County Civil Service Commission (Salenko), #D045266, 132 Cal.App.4th 1150, 2005 Cal.

App. Lexis 1492, 2005 WL 2002283 (4th Dist. Online Algebra Class! 2005). [2005 FP Dec] An intent to deceive is a necessary element of the an essay on spenser queene, offense of untruthfulness. Smith v. Co. of algebra Riverside, #E037260, 2006 Cal. App. Unpub.

Lexis 2344 (4th Dist. 2005). [2006 FP Jul] Appeals panel affirms the termination of an FBI agent who, during the I-A interview, significantly understated the number of times he had misused a Bureau vehicle. It was unnecessary to prove an intent to deceive his superiors. cards). Ludlum v. Dept. of Justice, #01-3093, 278 F.3d 1280, 2002 U.S.

App. Lexis 1128 (Fed.Cir. 2002). [2002 FP Apr] Lying in a judicial proceeding or otherwise when under oath. A Chicago police officer was fired on the basis that he committed perjury in a proceeding concerning charges of criminal harassment against his second wife by stating that he did not testify in the divorce case involving his first wife. Essay Graphic! An additional ground for the discharge was a finding that he made false statements in that first divorce proceeding (saying that he did not know where his first wife lived) and false statements in algebra class, the criminal harassment trial, in violation of a departmental rule. An intermediate appeals court ruled that he had not committed the crime of perjury, since his false statement at the criminal proceeding was immaterial to the issue of harassment. But the finding that he had made false statements in the divorce trial and harassment trial was not against the manifest weight of the evidence. The case was remanded to the Police Board for a determination of an appropriate punishment based solely on the making of the false statements alone. The appeals court also rejected the officer's argument that a finding of not guilty in essay sociology family, a prior disciplinary action charging him with bigamy barred the present disciplinary action, finding that the earlier case arose out of algebra class a different set of facts. Taylor v. Police Board of the City of Chicago, #1-10-1156, 2011 Ill.

App. Lexis 1150, 2011 IL App (1st) 101156. Federal appeals court affirms the termination of a criminal investigator for falsely stating in a court affidavit that she was still married to a spouse from whom she was divorced more than six years earlier. Introductory! Her claim that she had not read the document was not credible; as a trained criminal investigator who had attended law school, she would not likely sign an affidavit without reading the accompanying petition. Hernandez v. Department of Homeland Security, #2009-3038, 2009 U.S. App. Lexis 10021 (Unpub. Fed. Cir.). Appellate court sustains the termination of an officer who, while off-duty, engaged in a high-speed pursuit and failed to report that another officer had discharged his weapon.

He stood mute as L__ lied about firing his gun. Online Algebra! When police officers fail to sociology, correct misinformation from their fellow officers, and lie to obstruct investigation into official misconduct, they have forsaken their central duties to protect the online, citizens of the community. Remus v. Sheahan, #1-06-0756, 2009 Ill. App. Lexis 18 (1st Dist.). A divided appellate court affirms the termination of a police officer that lied under oath to help a fellow officer who killed an arrested man.

In a 2-to-1 holding, the whirligig essay questions, court set aside the online, arbitrator's award reducing the punishment to a three-day suspension because a penalty matrix used in self essay, deciding disciplinary punishment was not referenced in class, the bargaining agreement. City of pros and cons graphic organizer Cincinnati v. Queen City Lodge (Spellen), #C- 040454, 2005 Ohio 1560, 2005 Ohio App. Lexis 1522 (2005); #A0509129 (Cm.Pl. Class! Hamil. Co.

2005). [2006 FP May] Ohio appellate court overturns an arbitration award where the punishment of an officer, who lied under oath, had been reduced from essay graphic a termination to a three-day suspension. It is also common sense and an inherent expectation that law enforcement officers taking an oath to uphold laws and serve the community must not lie. Online Algebra Class! Honesty and service to the community are expectations of all law enforcement officers. A violation of this trust impairs an officer's ability to perform the duties of his/her job.

City of Cincinnati v. Queen City L-69, F.O.P., # C-040454, 2005 Ohio App. Lexis 1522, 2995 Ohio 1560 (1st Dist. Whirligig Questions! 2005). [2005 FP Jun] Justice Dept. indicts a Deputy U.S. Marshal for perjury, following an intimate relationship with an alternate juror in the Oklahoma bombing prosecution of Timothy McVeigh. Although cleared of the accusation that he intended to influence the verdict, he allegedly lied to his superior (18 U.S. Code §1001) and before a grand jury (18 U.S. Code §1623) about online class, his contacts with the outline, juror. U.S. v. Algebra Class! Benny Bailey, #1:02 CR 00095 (D.Colo.

2002); DoJ Press Release 02-103. Dismissal sustained for untruthfulness before an official hearing board. Essay Graphic! Foran v. Murphy, 342 N.Y.S.2d 4 (A.D. 1973). Appellate court upholds termination of a police officer who gave evasive answers to a grand jury. Donnelly v. Police Dept., 40 A.D.2d 649, 336 N.Y.S.2d 508 (1972). Termination upheld for filing an untruthful affidavit. Waseman v. Algebra Class! Roman, 168 S.E.2d 548 (W.Va. 1969). Lying to superiors or internal affairs investigators.

The Alaska Supreme Court ruled that the state Police Standards Council reasonably decided that a police officer was not of good moral character when he admitted that he lied and was evasive during an investigation into alleged misconduct that included abuse of alcohol and making sexually offensive remarks to essay graphic, two female officers. This was the basis for revoking the officer's police certificate. Alaska Police Standards Council v. Algebra! Parcell, #S-15364, 2015 Alas. Lexis 40. A sheriff's deputy cracked a department vehicle's windshield by scene striking it with a binder while trying to shoo away a horsefly.

He initially reported that the cracked windshield was the result of algebra class it being struck by a rock, but he later admitted his responsibility after another deputy reported the truth. He was fired after an investigation for untruthfulness. A county civil service board reversed the termination, and later issued a second decision upholding the termination after remand from a trial court. The Supreme Court of Kansas upheld an intermediate appeals court decision vacating the civil service board's first decision overturning the macbeth act 3, termination, finding both that the civil service board had exceeded its authority, and that its decision had not been substantially supported by the evidence. Denning v. Johnson County Sheriff's Civil Serv. Bd., #104318, 2014 Kan.

Lexis 421. A police officer employed by online algebra a city was terminated after he committed an act of domestic battery and then lied about doing so. The union representing officers filed a grievance asserting that the discharge was not for just cause. An arbitrator agreed, and ordered that he be reinstated. A trial court found that the arbitration decision was void and in violation of public policy. Research Paper Outline! An appeals court upheld that ruling. “We are aware of no case, and no statute, that requires an online class allegation of misconduct in this context be proved by essay clear and convincing evidence because the misconduct may also be criminal and because the online class, City seeks to discharge the officer.

There is well-defined and dominant public policy against acts of domestic violence. Acts of introductory essay domestic violence are even more disturbing when committed by a police officer – whether on or off duty. It is a violation of public policy to require the class, continued employment of an officer who has been found to be abusive and self essay untruthful. We find the standard of proof is preponderance of the evidence. The Arbitrator concluded the online algebra, act was proved by a preponderance and the lie was proved by self introductory a preponderance.

It would be repugnant to public policy to retain [him] as a police officer in these circumstances.” Decatur Police Benevolent and Protective Ass’n Labor Committee v. City of Decatur, #4-11-0764. 968 N.E.2d 749 (Ill. App. 2012). A female employee at a state youth services agency failed to show that her termination was gender discrimination.

She argued that her firing for lying about having had concerns about the wisdom of online algebra class releasing a young man from residential custody into a community-based treatment program was a pretext for sex discrimination. The young man released committed a murder. She pointed to the fact that a male employee who initially told the same lie was not fired. Write Faerie Queene! The appeals court found that the two employees were not similarly situated as to their acts of algebra dishonesty, in that the male employee quickly retracted his initial lie, while the faerie queene, plaintiff did not. Twiggs v. Selig, #11-1682, 2012 U.S. App. Online Algebra! Lexis 11210 (8th Cir.).

Administrative charges against a police officer for making false statements about introductory, past misconduct in the course of an internal investigations were not barred by a one year limitations period provided in the Maryland Law Enforcement Officers’ Bill of Rights, Md. Code Public Safety §3-106(a). Class! The limitations period starts to run from the self essay, day the officer's false statement came to online class, their attention rather than from the date the underlying incident came to introductory, departmental attention. Robinson v. Baltimore Police Dept., #2011-17, 2011 Md. Lexis775. A probationary correctional officer failed to show that she was constructively terminated and compelled to online, resign in introductory essay, retaliation for online algebra class, her refusal to make false statements to a grand jury, in violation of her First Amendment rights. Whirligig Essay! She had observed a couple arguing outside a home, and had allegedly been pressured by a police detective who was unsatisfied with her statements indicating that what she had observed had not been a battery. He allegedly complained to her employer in an attempt to bully her into changing her story, which she refused to do.

She failed to show that the alleged firing was retaliatory, and had no protected interest in staying on online the job, given her probationary status. Redd v. Nolan, #10-2680, 2011 U.S. App. Lexis 23692 (7th Cir.). Federal Merit Boards sustains the termination of a criminal investigator for untruthfulness and failing to timely inform agency management of antithesis macbeth act 3 scene a confidential informant's misconduct. Bencomo v. Dept. of Homeland Security, #DA-0752-09-0332-I-1, 2011 MSPB 22. Rejecting a defense that memories are inaccurate, an Ohio arbitrator upholds the termination of online algebra a police officer accused of lying to a citizen and to his superiors. . discharge is an acceptable penalty in light of the higher standard expected of officers of the law, and whirligig essay the grievant previously was counseled about untruthfulness. FOP Ohio and City of Springboro, FMCS #09-02052 (Nowell, 2010). Even though a postal worker was acquitted of algebra class theft charges, an appellate court affirms his conviction for making false statements to postal inspectors. United States v. Algee, #08-3196, 2008 U.S. Health Research Paper Outline! App.

Lexis 6007, 2010 FED App. 0081P (6th Cir.). In affirming the termination of a federal worker for lack of candor, the online algebra class, undisputed evidence demonstrates that, moments after she left a voicemail message for her supervisor stating that she was unable to report for duty due to questions, illness, background laughter ensued, and she admitted that she came up with excuses for online algebra, her absences on both dates. This undermined the credibility of her statements to her supervisor and demonstrated her lack of candor. Smith v. Dept. of Interior, #DC-0752-09-0135-I-1, 2009 MSPB 165, 2009 MSPB Lexis 5660. Arbitrator reinstates a state trooper who was fired for untruthfulness. The grievant “was under extreme stress from his workload, from his family, [and] from a racial profiling charge.” The reinstatement was ordered without back pay or benefits and “the grievant shall be granted immediate retirement.” State of an essay poem Ohio and Ohio State Troopers Assn., Grievance No. 15-03-080122-0004-04-01, 125 LA (BNA) 428 (Feldman, 2008). Arbitrator sets aside the termination of class a state trooper who lied about following an whirligig essay questions agency policy. This was the first apparent instance of untruthfulness, he was under extreme stress at work and at online algebra class, home.

The arbitrator ordered the grievant to be reinstated without back pay or benefits and granted immediate retirement. State of Ohio and Troopers Assn., Grievance #15-03-080122-0004-04-01, 125 LA (BNA) 428 (Feldman 2008). Arbitrator sustains the termination of a municipal employee that intentionally delayed providing notification of his divorce to management so that his ex-wife could continue to access his health insurance coverage; when confronted, the grievant was not honest or forthcoming. City of Eugene and AFSCME L-1724, 124 LA (BNA) 1724 (Henner, 2008). Illinois federal court delineates when untruthfulness by questions a police officer warrants termination, and when it does not. The appellant lied about his whereabouts during a sick day, mischaracterized a conversation between him and another officer during roll call, and lied that he was threatened by a fellow officer. Online Algebra! The substance of these falsehoods do not directly relate to [his] public duties as a police officer, nor are they lies resulting from official police business, and therefore do not warrant termination. Harder v. Scene! Vil. of Forest Park, #05-C-5800, 2008 U.S. Algebra! Dist. Lexis 36892 (N.D.Ill.). New York's highest court upholds the termination of a police officer for giving false and misleading statements to members of the Internal Affairs Bureau.

Duncan v. Kelly, #47-SSM-36, 2008 N.Y. Essay Family! Lexis 66, 2008 NY Slip Op 00181, 2008 NY Int. 5. New York appellate court rejects an unusual theory that a probationary NYPD officer should not have been fired for making false and misleading statements to internal affairs investigators, because the algebra, underlying offense of essay sociology credit card fraud occurred before he was hired. The panel also discarded a claim that internal affairs lacked authority to question him about preservice conduct because hiring decisions are made by the city's Dept. of algebra Admin.

Services. Matter of Duncan v. Kelly, #104079/04, 2007 NY Slip Op 06408, 2007 N.Y. App. Div. Self Introductory Essay! Lexis 8923 (1st Dept.). N.H. Supreme Court upholds the online, termination of a police chief who gave agency ammunition to a businessman and self introductory essay then lied about his conduct. Class! His lack of candor was a violation of the police dept's policy of truthfulness in an essay queene, an investigation and fell below the standard of behavior appropriate for his position. Yoder v. Middleton, #2004-122, 2005 N.H. Lexis 101 (N.H.

2005). Nebraska Supreme Court upholds the class, decertification of a state trooper who repeatedly physically abused his wife and essay sociology family also lied to an investigating officer. Hauser v. Nebraska Police Standards Advisory Council, #S-03-1386, 269 Neb. 541, 694 N.W.2d 171, 2005 Neb. Lexis 64 (2005). [2005 FP Jun] Appeals court declines to overturn the termination of a police officer who violated agency policy and was untruthful about his conduct. Honesty is online algebra class critical to an essay poem, an officer's performance of online algebra duty. Huemiller, v. Ogden Civil Service Cmsn., #20010968-CA, 2004 UT App 375, 101 P.3d 394, 2004 Utah App.

Lexis 414 (2004). [2005 FP Mar] Although termination might not be appropriate for making a false insurance claim 14 years earlier, an arbitrator upholds the dismissal because the officer lied during the I-A investigation and continued to mislead his superiors up until his time of whirligig essay termination. Kitsap Co. and online K.C. Deputy Sheriff's Guild, 118 LA (BNA) 1173, AAA #75-L-390-00240-02 (Gaba, 2003). Essay! [2004 FP Feb] Oregon courts affirm an arbitrator's decision to reinstate an officer who used marijuana and lied about online algebra, it. Health Research Paper Outline! Reinstatement does not offend considerations of public policy against drug use or dishonesty, and is consistent with a policy of the rehabilitation of drug users. Washington Co. Police Assn. v. Washington Co., Ore. Empl. Algebra! Rel.

Bd. #UP 76-99; aff'd, SC#S49518, 335 Ore. 198, 63 P.3d 1167, 2003 Ore. Lexis 120, 172 LRRM (BNA) 2037 (Ore. 2003); action on remand at #A114208, 69 P.3d 767; 2003 Ore. App. Lexis 629, 172 LRRM (BNA) 2592 (Ore. Essay Sociology! App. 2003). [2003 FP Sep] Appeals panel affirms the algebra, termination of an FBI agent who, during the I-A interview, significantly understated the number of times he had misused a Bureau vehicle.

It was unnecessary to prove an intent to deceive his superiors. cards). Ludlum v. Dept. of Justice, #01-3093, 278 F.3d 1280, 2002 U.S. Graphic Organizer! App. Online! Lexis 1128 (Fed.Cir. 2002). Introductory Essay! [2002 FP Apr]

Arbitrator upholds the online, termination of an officer who lied about having sex in a police car while on duty. City of Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio and Fraternal Order of sociology family Police, FMCS #010302/007108-6, 116 LA (BNA) 545 (2001). [2002 FP Mar] Supreme Court declines to review police termination case where trooper lied about having sex on online duty. Martin v. Kentucky State Police, #98-466, 119 S.Ct. 511, 1998 U.S. Lexis 7289, 142 L.Ed.2d 424 (1998). [1999 FP 40] In a case of major importance, the Supreme Court reverses lower decisions; upholds the termination of employees who lied to their superiors. Punishment also can be added for outline, those who lie. LaChance v. Erickson, 1522 U.S. 262, 118 S.Ct.

753 (1998). [1998 FP 35] Appellate court affirms termination of NYPD officer who lied at online algebra class, an internal affairs interview. His retraction of earlier statements did not excuse the self, untruthful answers. Spiratos v. Safir, 672 N.Y.S.2d 311 (A.D. 1998).

Arbitrator upholds termination of algebra trooper who stopped an attractive motorist for no apparent reason, and then flirted with her. He also lied about the whirligig questions, incident to his superiors. Online Class! Ohio (State of) and FOP Council 1, 34 (1693) G.E.R.R. (BNA) 1702 (Feldman, 1996). [1997 FP 36] Federal appeals court upholds termination of police officer for lying to superiors concerning his sexual relationship with a former officer. Whirligig Questions! Sweeney v. City of Ladue, 25 F.3d 702, 1994 U.S. App. Lexis 13215, 64 FEP Cases (BNA) 1633 (8th Cir.

1994). [1994 FP 149] Arbitrator reinstates a fire lieutenant that polluted a urine sample. He did not abuse drugs, but did engage in deception. Reinstatement without back pay was sufficient punishment. Online Class! Fort Lauderdale (City of) and sociology Prof. Algebra! Firefighters L-1545, 115 LA (BNA) 418 (Mittenthal, 2001). [2001 FP 78] Washington state appellate court affirms termination of a deputy sheriff who lied to sociology, get in a training course helpful to online class, his national guard service.

Kursar v. Organizer! Whatcom Co., #44585-5-I, 101 Wn. App. 1013, 2000 Wash. Algebra! App. Self Introductory! Lexis 903. [2001 FP 13-4] California appellate court holds that a civil service commission abused its discretion when it reduced a termination to a 90-day suspension, imposed on a deputy sheriff who lied to online, cover up a fellow officer's physical abuse of an inmate.

Kolender v. Essay Questions! San Diego Co. Civ. Serv. Cmsn. (Berry), #D045268, 132 Cal.App.4th 716, 34 Cal.Rptr.3d 1, 2005 Cal. Online Class! App. Lexis 1421 (4th Dist. 2005). [2005 FP Dec]

Resume fraud or job application omissions and essay falsehoods. Appellate court affirms the termination of a NYPD officer, who, during the hiring process, concealed the fact that he had been a suspect in a criminal homicide while in the army and had associated with members of algebra class a gang that had committed a homicide. Walsh v. Kelly, #3916, 2010 NY Slip Op 9346, 912 N.Y.S.2d 406, 2010 N.Y. App. Div. Lexis 9416.

Federal Merit Board sustains the termination of a government employee who falsely stated in his job application that he had earned a master's degree and also misrepresented his military duty status. Crump v. Dept. of Veterans Affairs, #CH-0752-06-0820-I-4, 2010 MSPB 119. Arbitrator orders reinstatement of a federal prison employee who omitted mention of receiving non-judicial punishment while in the Navy. The grievant was honorably discharged from military service and was subsequently employed with companies engaged in security sensitive operations. Fed.

Bur. of Prisons and AFGE L-3969, 126 LA (BNA) 201, FMCS Case #08/54183 (Riker, 2009). Fifth Circuit upholds the rejection of a minority police officer applicant who had concealed his termination and falsely claimed still to be working as an officer at the time of application. Antithesis Act 3 2! Smart v. Geren, #08-50448, 2008 U.S. Online! App. Lexis 24995 (Unpub. Write An Essay Queene! 6th Cir.). Rejected Haitian applicant for state trooper position failed to establish that he was qualified, after a supplemental investigation revealed six discrepancies in his application: (1) false statements to the Social Security Administration; (2) omission of having filed for divorce; (3) omission of school transcripts; (4) omission of a physical altercation with his wife; (5) automobile insurance fraud; and (6) fraud in applying for a Florida driver’s license.

Gaston v. State of New Jersey, #08-1831, 2008 US App (3rd) 1572, 2008 U.S. App. Lexis 23576 (3rd Cir). Arbitrator orders the reinstatement of a Bureau of class Prisons employee in spite of her failure to disclose an investigation of her at whirligig essay questions, another location. She had an excellent work record and was cleared of charges. Moreover, management could not establish that she intentionally gave a false statement, Fed. Bur. of Prisons and AFGE L-0922, FMCS Case #07-02327, 125 LA (BNA) 573 (Nicholas). Appellate panel rejects a retaliation lawsuit brought by a sexual harassment complainant who was fired after management learned that she falsely claimed to have a bachelor's degree.

Kosan v. Utah Dept. of Corrections, #07-4261, 2008 U.S. App. Online Algebra Class! Lexis 18381 (10th Cir.). Federal appeals court sustains the termination of an Air Force employee that failed to reveal the fact that she had been fired from another job in the last five years. Even if the appellant assumed that the question related solely to federal employment, the form clearly indicated discharges from any job. Wolfbauer v. O.P.M., #2008-3173, 2008 U.S. App. Macbeth Act 3 2! Lexis 14706 (Unpub.

Fed. Cir.). Arbitrator upholds discharge of an insubordinate worker, where management offered after-acquired evidence that the grievant had falsified his employment application to hide criminal conduct. Bi-State Development Agency and Amal. Algebra! Transit Union L-788, FMCS Case No.

0830/59822-A, 125 LA (BNA) 54 (Daly, 2008). Federal Merit Board sustains the and cons essay graphic organizer, termination of a worker that failed to disclose multiple domestic violence convictions in algebra class, his employment application. Christopher v. Dept. of the research outline, Army, Docket #AT-0752-07-0092-I-1, 2008 MSPB 2. Federal Merit Board overturns an arbitrator that upheld the online class, termination of a FLETC instructor for write an essay, falsifying her educational qualifications. She listed a degree from Hamilton University, an institution that lacks Dept. of algebra class Education approval and grants credit for self essay, life experiences.

To sustain a falsification charge, management must prove an employee supplied incorrect information with the intention of defrauding the agency. She did earn a bachelor's degree in class, criminal justice from Hamilton, but the arbitrator focused on the value of the degree. FitzGerald v. Dept. of Homeland Security, #CB-7121-07-0014-V-1, 2008 MSPB 17, 107 MSPR 666, 2008 MSPB Lexis 17. Federal Merit Board votes 2-to-1 to antithesis macbeth scene 2, reverse the termination of a federal air marshal that falsified his application by omitting a prescription drug he had taken. Online Algebra Class! Asking an appellant to disclose the medications he is taking prior to extending a job offer violates 42 U.S.

Code §12111(d) and 29 C.F.R. §1630.13(a). Antithesis Scene 2! The majority relied on Downs v. Mass. Bay Transp. Auth., 8 AD Cases (BNA) 447, 13 F.Supp.2d 130 (D. Mass. 1998). The dissenting member wrote that the Supreme Court's decisions in LaChance v. Erickson, #96-1395, 522 U.S. 262 (1998) and online algebra Bryson v. United States, #35, 396 U.S.

64 (1969) hold that a federal employee does not have the right to lie, even as a response to an improper question. Evans v. Dept. of health paper Homeland Security, #AT-0752-05-0844-I-1, 2007 MSPB 297; 2007 MSPB Lexis 7068. Arbitrator holds that a detention center improperly terminated a correctional officer that falsified his employment application by omitting two instances when a prior employer recommended disciplinary action. Online Algebra Class! From the sociology family, time the grievant falsified his pre-employment application, a period of 44 months elapsed until he was terminated [and] the misrepresentations of the grievant on his pre-employment application were not material to the employer at the time of his termination. Disciplinary action is online reversed Federal Detention Center Miami and AFGE) L-501, FMCS Case #07/51043, 123 LA (BNA) 1236. (J. Act 3 Scene! Wolfson, 2007). MSPB confirms the termination of a Bureau of Prisons employee who gave false answers about child support questions in his employment application. Online Algebra! The test is, would the agency hire an applicant if he or she had been truthful?

Cameron v. Dept. of research Justice, #DE-0752-04-0155-I-1, 2004 MSPB Lexis 3178 (Rptd. Online Algebra! 2005). An employee cannot use the FMLA (or other civil rights laws) to claim retaliatory termination when he was properly fired for falsifying his job-application, and pros and cons graphic there was no evidence that the employer's rule punishing untruthful applications is applied more harshly to online class, employees who make legal claims against the company than against other employees who falsify their applicant forms. Aubuchon v. Knauf, #03-1382, 359 F.3d 950, 2004 U.S. App. Lexis 4347, 9 WH Cases2d (BNA) 711 (7th Cir.

2004). GAO targets phony degrees held by federal workers. Antithesis Act 3 2! A Senate Committee asked the GAO to investigate the use of online algebra diploma mill degrees to obtain positions and pros essay graphic promotions and whether those degrees were paid for with federal funds. Arbitrator sustains the firing of a worker who consciously omitted listing prior surgeries and disability claims in her pre-employment application. Birmingham Steel and U.S.W.A. L-9777, FMCS Case #00/08457, 116 LA (BNA) 61 (Doering, 2001). Arbitrator sustains the termination of a county employee who, in her job application, omitted the fact that she had resigned from a criminal justice job, while under suspension. Multnomah County and algebra M.C. Essay! Employees L-88, AFSCME C-75, 115 LA (BNA) 1499 (Calhoun, 2001). Online! [2001 FP 173-4]

Arbitrator rules that a private employer did not have just cause to discharge an employee who falsely answered question on antithesis macbeth scene the employment application about whether he had ever been convicted of felony. He worked for class, over a year without incident and appears to be rehabilitated. Trailmobile and PACE, 112 LA (BNA) 1108 (G. Cohen, 1999). Worker who concealed a conviction on his employment application is entitled to an a total disability compensation award for a back injury. The concealment was unrelated to self essay, the claim. Online Class! Falls Church Constr. v. Laider, #962627, 8 (24) Wrk.Cmp. (BNA) 607 (Va. 1997). Colorado supreme court rejects all common law wrongful termination suits where the employee lied on the job application form. Family! Crawford Rehabilitation v. Weisman, 938 P.2d 540, 1997 Colo. Algebra! Lexis 491. [1997 FP 170-1]

Federal appeals board reduces punishment of employee who concealed a conviction on an essay on spenser queene his job application, from online algebra class termination to a reprimand. Perez v. U.S. Postal Service, 1997 MSPB Lexis 833, 75 MSPR 503. [1997 FP 155] Employer did not have just cause to discharge worker who, 11 years earlier, had falsified his employment application. His work had been satisfactory, and he admitted the falsification when confronted. Plymouth Tube and UAW L-1448, 108 LA (BNA) 1016 (Heekin, 1997). Appeals court sustains termination of firefighter who failed to disclose on his application he had been a long-term drug addict. Brennan v. Kaluczky, 641 N.Y.S.2d 176 (A.D. 1996). Antithesis Macbeth Act 3! [1997 FP 43-4] Private employer had just cause to terminate an employee that had falsely stated he quit a prior job to care for his mother, when in fact he had been in prison for a felony.

Amer. Comm. Online Class! Vehicles and antithesis UPIU L-7785, 107 LA (BNA) 1 (Bittel, 1996). Federal court affirms an arbitration award reinstating an employee who gave a false name to conceal the fact he was an illegal alien at algebra class, that time. Termination was without just cause in light of his nine years of introductory essay faithful service and naturalization as a citizen. Great Atlantic and L-338 RWDS Union, 1996 U.S.Dist. Lexis 5255 (S.D.N.Y.). [1996 FP 173] Florida appellate court sustains termination of sheriff's employee for intentionally omitting his prior employment as a police officer in N.H., even though personnel board recommended a 90-day disciplinary suspension. Philbrick v. Co. of Volusia, 668 So.2d 341 (Fla.App. 1996). Fed. app. ct. affirms back pay and reinstatement awards of algebra class woman f/f that was terminated for concealing her prior foot surgery on her employment application.

Jury found the omission was not a serious medical problem and that fire dept. discriminated against her because of her fall from a fire truck and a back injury. Thomlinson v. Omaha, 63 F.3d 786 (8th Cir. 1995). Employer had just cause to terminate an employee who, in self, his employment application, concealed a conviction, lied about his education and failed to online algebra, disclose a term in whirligig, prison. Trane Co. and Electronic Workers, 104 LA (BNA) 1121 (Johnson, 1995). Mixed motives: Just cause existed to discharge an employee who falsified his employment application, even though the misconduct was discovered after he was investigated for distributing socialist literature.

Cone Mills v. ACTWU, 103 LA (BNA) 745 (Byars 1994). NY appellate court affirms termination of NYCPD officer for omitting mention of algebra class ongoing psychological treatment in his preservice application. Macbeth 2! Gray v. Dept. of Personnel, 592 N.Y.S.2d 376 (A.D. 1993). [1994 FP 28] Federal appeals court allows an otherwise wrongfully terminated employee to collect double back wages up until the time an employer discovers misrepresentation in online, the employment application. Kristufek v. Hussman Foodservice Co., 985 F.2d 364 (7th Cir. 1993). [1994 FP 11] Appellate court affirms termination of essay sociology NYPD officer who omitted, on his employment application, any mention of online class his military service and the use of an alias. Angelopoulos v. N. Scene 2! Y. Civil Serv. Cmsn., 574 N.Y.S.2d 44 (A.D.

1991). [1992 FP 133-4] Federal appeals court reverses backpay awarded to a victim of sex discrimination. Later discovered evidence of online algebra class a falsified application voided her otherwise valid claim of wrongful termination. Essay Sociology Family! Milligan-Jensen v. Michigan Tech. Univ., 975 F.2d 302 (6th Cir. Online Algebra Class! 1992); Cert. Dismissed, 114 S.Ct. Self! 22 (1993). [1993 FP 77-8 142] City could also defend its failure to promote an officer on the basis of derogatory information learned after his promotion was rejected. Untruthfulness about academic credentials barred his promotion even though degree was not a promotional requirement. Online! Gilty v. Health Research Paper Outline! Vil. of Oak Park, 919 F.2d 1247 (7th Cir. 1990).

Illinois disbars a lawyer who misrepresented the circumstances relating to his termination as a Chicago police officer. Algebra Class! In re Thomas W. Jordan, 478 N.E.2d 316, 1985 Ill. Lexis 21. Police officer could be terminated for misrepresenting his prior employment record and his draft status. Purdy v. Cole, 317 So.2d 820, 1975 Fla. App.

Lexis 13837.