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Ateneo Law Entrance Exam Reviewer. Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 29 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM 2 Implementation of Effective Compliance and Ethics Programs and research paper, the Federal Sentencing Guidelines Steven D. Geographic Essay. Gordon* How should a company go about abuse research paper designing and implementing a compliance program? While other chapters address the specifics of compliance programs in particular industries, this chapter considers issues relating to factors essay designing and implementing compliance and paper, ethics programs generally. The Hobbit Essays. The biggest influence on abuse research the design and implementation of a compliance program is guidance from the U. Essay. We will write a custom essay sample. on Ateneo Law Entrance Exam Reviewer or any similar. topic specifically for you. S. Elder Abuse Research Paper. Sentencing Commission contained in the Federal Sentencing Guidelines that apply to companies convicted of federal criminal offenses. Topics For World War 2. The Sentencing Guidelines set standards that have become the * The author wishes to elder research paper acknowledge Jennifer Dure, Michael Manthei, Christopher A. Myers, and Jonathan Strouse for their contributions to this chapter. 29 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 30 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM Q 2. Free Compare And Contrast. 1 CORPORATE COMPLIANCE ANSWER BOOK norm for virtually all companies, even though relatively few will ever be prosecuted or convicted. In fact, the most useful benefit from using the Guidelines to elder research design and implement a compliance and success for writing a book, ethics program is that it can help companies avoid investigations and convictions in elder paper the first place. And Contrast Essay. In addition to complying with the Sentencing Guidelines, if the company is abuse, publicly held, it must comply with the SarbanesOxley Act of 2002. Good Topics War 2. And if the company is a federal government contractor or subcontractor, the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) comes into abuse research paper play. Causal Argument. Other compliance requirements apply to other industries.

Since 1991, the sentencing of corporations and other business entities convicted of elder abuse, federal criminal offenses has been. Page 2 Ateneo Law Entrance Exam Reviewer Essay. Emh Phd. governed by elder abuse, the Federal Sentencing Guidelines (“Sentencing Guidelines”), established by the U. Geographic Factors. S. Sentencing Commission. These Sentencing Guidelines were mandatory, but in elder abuse paper 2005, the free compare essay, Supreme Court ruled that it is 30 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 31 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM Compliance Programs U. Abuse Research Paper. S. Geographic Factors. Sentencing Guidelines Q 2. Elder Abuse. 2. Essay. 1 unconstitutional to apply them in elder research mandatory form. Essays. The Court left them intact as voluntary guideposts that federal courts should consult but are not bound to follow. 1 In addition to abuse research paper providing guidance on how convicted companies should be sentenced, the Sentencing Guidelines also contain detailed guidance from the Sentencing Commission on what it means to have an “effective” compliance and ethics program. Topics War 2. This guidance, contained in chapter eight of the Guidelines Manual, 2 is used by hundreds of companies to abuse research design and implement their compliance programs and essay, is also the elder research paper, standard used by and composition essay questions, many government agencies to elder abuse paper evaluate company compliance and ethics programs. Q 2. 2 How do the free essay sample, Sentencing Guidelines relate to an effective compliance program? A company convicted of a federal offense is eligible for elder abuse a reduced sentence under the geographic factors, Sentencing Guidelines if it has an effective compliance and ethics program and elder abuse paper, the offense occurred despite the an important i ve essay, program. Elder Abuse. 3 The Sentencing Guidelines spell out the basic elements of an effective compliance program.

4 Additionally, a prosecutor might exercise his or her discretion not to compare and contrast essay sample bring criminal charges if the company has a compliance program that meets the Sentencing Guidelines’ requirements. Research. Q 2. 2. Ap English And Composition. 1 Why should my company care about the elder, Sentencing Guidelines if it conducts business. honestly and is unlikely ever to i ve learned face criminal prosecution? If the business is abuse research, a corporation, its management probably has a duty to ensure that the business has an good topics war 2, adequate compliance program. The Delaware Chancery Court, in the leading Caremark decision,5 held that corporate management has such a duty under Delaware law in light of the elder abuse, Sentencing Guidelines. Also, having an effective compliance program can show that the corporation was not at good topics fault if an employee does engage in research criminal or unethical conduct. Even ethical companies get investigated. In the event of an criteria for writing a book, investigation, enforcement authorities will look at a variety of factors to determine whether there has been wrongdoing, who is at paper fault, and whether to bring criminal, civil, administrative, or no claims against lesson i ve essay 31 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 32 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM CORPORATE COMPLIANCE ANSWER BOOK Q 2. Elder. 3 the company.

Among the most significant factors influencing these decisions is whether the company has a compliance program that meets the Sentencing Guidelines’ requirements. Components of an Effective Compliance Program Q 2. 3 What policies and procedures should my. company implement to meet the success for writing a book, Sentencing Guidelines’ requirements? You are required to elder research paper have written standards and procedures. For Writing A Book Report. After performing a thorough assessment of your company’s legal, compliance, and reputational risks, you should create policies addressing those risk areas. Elder Abuse Paper. The number and causal outline, types of elder abuse research paper, standards and procedures a company requires depend on a number of success report, factors, including the elder abuse research, industry in which the free and contrast essay sample, company operates. Q 2. Abuse Research. 3. 1 What are the elements of an effective compliance program that will satisfy the Sentencing Guidelines?

The Sentencing Guidelines state that the two fundamental. Essay. elements of an paper, effective compliance and ethics program are: (1) (2) exercising due diligence to prevent and detect criminal conduct; and otherwise promoting an geographic factors essay, organizational culture that encourages ethical conduct and a commitment to compliance with the abuse research, law. 6 Q 2. Compare Essay Sample. 3. Abuse Research Paper. 2 What specific steps must our company take to create an effective compliance program? The Sentencing Guidelines provide that, at emh phd a minimum, a company must do the following in order to have an abuse paper, effective compliance and ethics program: (1) (2) Establish standards and an important lesson learned, procedures to elder abuse prevent and causal argument, detect criminal conduct. Ensure that the company’s governing authority (board of. Elder. directors, etc. ) understands the content and operation of 32 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 33 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM Compliance Programs U. S. Sentencing Guidelines (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) Q 2. Free Compare And Contrast Essay Sample. 3. Elder Research Paper. 2 the program and success criteria a book report, exercises reasonable oversight with respect to its implementation and effectiveness. Abuse Research Paper. Specific senior manager(s) shall have overall responsibility to ensure the factors essay, implementation and effectiveness of the program.

Specific individuals shall be delegated day-to-day operational responsibility for the program and shall be given adequate resources and authority. They shall report periodically to abuse paper senior management and ap english and composition, shall have direct access to the board of directors or a subgroup thereof. Keep bad actors out of elder paper, managerial ranks (or other key positions). Reasonable steps should be taken to dissertation screen out persons whom the company knows, or should know through the exercise of due diligence, to have a history of engaging in abuse paper illegal activity or other misconduct. Criteria For Writing A Book Report. Take reasonable steps to communicate periodically and in abuse paper a practical manner its standards and procedures to its officers, employees, and, as appropriate, its agents, by for writing report, conducting effective training programs and otherwise. Abuse Research Paper. disseminating information. Essays. Take reasonable steps to elder abuse paper (a) ensure that the program is lesson i ve, followed, including using monitoring and auditing to detect criminal conduct; (b) evaluate periodically the research, program’s effectiveness; and ap english and composition questions, (c) have a system whereby employees and agents may report or seek guidance regarding potential or actual criminal conduct without fear of retaliation (although a mechanism for elder research paper anonymous reporting is not required). Geographic Factors. Promote and elder, enforce the program through appropriate incentives and disciplinary measures for criteria for writing report engaging in research paper criminal conduct and for factors essay failing to take reasonable steps to prevent or detect criminal conduct. Research Paper. Take reasonable steps to factors respond appropriately to criminal conduct and to prevent further similar criminal conduct, including making any necessary modifications to the compliance and ethics program. 7 33 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 34 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM CORPORATE COMPLIANCE ANSWER BOOK Q 2. Elder Abuse Paper. 3. An Important Lesson Essay. 3 Q 2. 3. Elder Research Paper. 3 Is there a standard compliance program that most companies can use? No.

There is no “one-size-fits-all” solution. Geographic. The Sentencing Guidelines recognize that an effective program must be tailored to abuse research the particular company. The Sentencing Guidelines require a company to engage in compare essay periodic risk assessments in designing, implementing, and elder, modifying its compliance and criteria a book report, ethics program. 8 Each company must examine the nature of its business and its own prior history to determine what sorts of criminal conduct pose the greatest risk, and then take steps designed to elder abuse research prevent and detect such misconduct. Good Topics For World. For example, if your company employs sales personnel who have flexibility in setting prices, you must have established standards and abuse paper, procedures designed to prevent and detect price-fixing.

If you employ sales personnel who have flexibility to represent the material characteristics of a product, you must have established standards and procedures designed to report prevent fraud. Your company should prioritize the risks that you face in abuse research paper terms of the geographic factors essay, severity of the criminal conduct and elder abuse research paper, its likelihood of occurring, and the hobbit, tailor your compliance and ethics program accordingly. 9 Designing and Implementing a Compliance Program Relevant Factors and Considerations Q 2. 4 Are industry practice and standards considered in elder paper assessing the effectiveness of a compliance program? Yes. The Sentencing Guidelines recognize that the a book report, particulars of an effective compliance and abuse research paper, ethics program are likely to be affected by applicable industry practice or the an important learned, standards called for by any applicable governmental regulation. Abuse Research. For publicly traded corporations, applicable governmental regulations would include the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. A company’s failure to incorporate and the hobbit essays, follow applicable industry practice or to comply with applicable government regulations will weigh against a finding 34 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 35 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM. Compliance Programs U. S. Elder Abuse Research. Sentencing Guidelines Q 2. 5 that its compliance program is an emh phd dissertation, effective one. Elder Abuse. 10 For healthcare companies the lesson learned essay, Department of Health and research, Human Services, through its Office of Inspector General, has issued a number of very specific compliance program guidances targeting specific business sectors such as hospitals and pharmaceutical manufacturers. Q 2. Compare And Contrast Essay. 4. 1 Does the company size matter?

Size is elder abuse, a relevant factor in structuring a compliance and emh phd dissertation, ethics program. Abuse Research. A large company generally should devote more formal operations and greater resources to free compare essay its program than a small company. Q 2. Abuse. 4. 2 • • • What are the differences between compliance programs for large companies and small companies? The governing authority in argument outline a small company may directly manage the elder, compliance and ethics efforts. Emh Phd Dissertation. A small company may train employees through informal staff meetings and elder abuse research paper, monitor them through regular “walkarounds” or continuous observation during normal management. A small company may use available personnel, rather than separate staff, to carry out the compliance and ethics program. Emh Phd. 11 Requirements; Risk Areas Q 2. Elder Abuse. 5 When it comes to lesson essay putting a compliance program together, where do we start? A first step is to elder abuse determine whether the compliance program must satisfy the emh phd dissertation, mandates of the paper, Sarbanes-Oxley Act12 in addition to the Sentencing Guidelines.

Sarbanes-Oxley, if applicable, imposes fairly detailed requirements that focus on the company’s internal control over the hobbit, financial reporting and elder abuse, its disclosure controls and the hobbit, procedures. A good compliance program should also address the elder research paper, prevention of other employee misconduct that may impose civil liability on the company or that may victimize the company itself. Essay. The foundation for abuse research paper designing a good compliance program is to identify the principal risks of geographic factors essay, misconduct that must be safeguarded 35. Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 36 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM CORPORATE COMPLIANCE ANSWER BOOK Q 2. 5. 1 against. This is research, a task that requires input from counsel and senior management. The effectiveness of the compliance program likely will be directly proportional to the time and an important lesson i ve learned essay, effort invested in elder research paper designing it. Q 2. Success A Book. 5. 1 What are the paper, most common risk areas that we may need to address in our compliance program? Consider the good essay, following fifteen areas: 1. Elder Abuse Paper. Accounting practices. Sarbanes-Oxley has made internal control over financial reporting and disclosure controls and good essay for world war 2, procedures the elder abuse research, foremost risk area for every public company. It also spells out in detail the procedures that must be used to address this risk area.

Private companies must also protect against argument the risk that an officer or employee may “cook” or alter the elder research paper, books in order to dissertation boost performance or hide problems. Common examples include improper revenue recognition, intentional overstatement of assets, or understatement of liabilities, as well as false entries to cover up employee embezzlement and theft, or expenditures for improper or illegal purposes such as bribes. 2. Research. USA PATRIOT Act. Dissertation. The PATRIOT Act aims to elder abuse paper cut off sources of compare and contrast sample, financing for terrorists by elder abuse, strengthening anti-money laundering laws. The PATRIOT Act greatly expanded the definition of an important lesson i ve essay, “financial institutions” covered by anti-money laundering laws to abuse research paper include not only emh phd dissertation banks, savings associations, and credit unions, but also securities broker-dealers; investment companies; hedge funds; commodities brokers; mutual funds; issuers or redeemers of elder abuse research paper, travelers checks; operators of geographic factors, credit card systems; insurance companies; telegraph companies; loan or finance companies; automobile, airplane, and boat dealers; real estate brokers; persons or companies involved in real estate closings and settlements; currency exchanges; money transmitters; pawn brokers; travel agencies; dealers in precious metals, stones, or jewels; and casinos. 13 36 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. Elder Abuse Research Paper. book Page 37 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM Compliance Programs U. Causal Argument. S. Sentencing Guidelines Q 2. 5. Elder Paper. 1 The PATRIOT Act requires that “each financial institution shall establish anti-money laundering programs” unless the Treasury Department issues a specific exemption. These programs must include written policies and procedures; a designated compliance officer; employee training; and periodic auditing and monitoring.

14 Further, financial institutions must implement special account opening procedures and “Know Your Customer” due diligence. Lesson Essay. 15 In addition, banks, securities broker-dealers, money services businesses, and elder abuse, casinos are required to and contrast essay sample file reports of elder research, suspicious transactions with the Treasury Department’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network. Causal Essay Outline. 16 Finally, all persons (not only financial institutions) who receive in elder paper excess of an important lesson i ve learned, $10,000 in elder research cash in one transaction, or two or more related transactions, in and composition essay questions the course of their trade or business are required to research paper file a currency transaction report. Dissertation. 17 3. Conducting business with suspected terrorists. Abuse Research. Following the causal essay outline, September 11 attacks, Executive Order 13224 mandated creation of a list of persons, entities, and groups believed to be connected with terrorism.

This order bans anyone in the United States from conducting any business with any person, entity, or group on elder research paper the list, which is emh phd dissertation, maintained by the Treasury Department’s Office of elder abuse research paper, Foreign Assets Control (OFAC). 18 The OFAC list is constantly updated and now is quite lengthy, consisting of thousands of names, aliases, and causal argument essay outline, “doing business as” designations. Businesses, particularly those with some international component, must ensure that they are complying with the provisions of the research paper, Executive Order. Specifically, before entering into or continuing any financial relationship, businesses should check the the hobbit essays, identities of elder abuse, existing and factors, potential clients and customers against the latest OFAC List. 4. Elder Abuse Research Paper. Conflicts of interest; corporate opportunities. Causal. Conflicts of elder paper, interest are an success a book, issue for elder abuse paper every company. Criteria. The code of ethics mandated by Sarbanes-Oxley specifically requires a company to promote the abuse, ethical handling of learned essay, actual or apparent conflicts of interest between personal and elder research, professional relationships. 19 Common breeding grounds for conflicts of interest include employee relationships with the company’s suppliers and outside employment. Essay Outline. 37 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 38 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM Q 2. 5. Paper. 1 CORPORATE COMPLIANCE ANSWER BOOK The corporate opportunity doctrine forbids employees, officers, and success criteria report, directors of a company from (i) taking for research themselves personally opportunities that are discovered through the use of causal essay outline, corporate property, information, or position; (ii) using corporate property, information, or position for elder personal gain; and. Essay. (iii) competing with the company.

Analytically, this doctrine is a subset of conflicts of interest. Abuse Paper. The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), however, has proposed to ap english amend its rules so that each issuer listed on elder abuse paper the Exchange would be required to adopt a code of conduct that addresses, under separate headings, both conflicts of interest and an important lesson i ve learned, corporate opportunities. Elder Research Paper. 20 Further, Sarbanes-Oxley, in order to and composition questions strengthen protections against conflicts of interest, prohibits public companies from making personal loans to abuse research paper any director or executive officer. Essay. 21 5. Bribes, kickbacks, improper payments, inappropriate gifts. Improper payments to government officials are a potential issue for elder research many companies, especially if the the hobbit, government is a customer or if the business is elder abuse research, subject to factors essay significant government regulation. Elder Abuse. Giving bribes or gratuities to U. War 2. S. Research. government officials is prohibited by ap english, federal law,22 and abuse research paper, bribery of for writing, foreign government officials is abuse paper, prohibited by the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.

23 Kickbacks are explicitly prohibited, both at lesson essay the prime contractor and subcontractor levels, in abuse paper connection with any federal government contract. 24 Kickbacks also are prohibited in exchange for causal the referral of business for which payment is made under federal healthcare programs, such as Medicare and Medicaid. 25 In addition, a number of states have criminal commercial bribery statutes that prohibit payments to influence the research, conduct of an agent or employee with respect to the affairs of the agent’s employer. 26 6. Antitrust issues. Antitrust issues such as price fixing, collusive bidding, and market allocation are a concern in many industries. 38 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 39 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM. Compliance Programs U. S. Sentencing Guidelines 7. Q 2. Free Sample. 5. 1 Confidential information and elder, trade secrets. For many companies, protection of lesson i ve learned, confidential information and trade secrets is a significant issue. In the healthcare industry, protection of individual health information is critical. Often such information may be a key company asset and, under Sarbanes-Oxley, the safeguarding of company assets is one of the elements of paper, internal control over financial reporting.

27 In order to ap english and composition essay protect its proprietary data and trade secrets, a company must take the requisite steps to research paper preserve confidentiality. The Hobbit. At a minimum, this includes reminding employees, during the elder abuse paper, course of their employment and upon their departure, of causal, their continuing duty to safeguard such information. Elder Paper. In addition, written confidentiality agreements may be desirable. Further, companies must ensure that they do not become liable for geographic essay misappropriating trade secrets belonging to their competitors or third parties. Employees should be warned against acquiring a competitor’s confidential or trade secret information—and against bringing such information with them from a prior employer when they join the company. 8. Product safety. If the abuse research paper, company manufactures or processes tangible products, especially consumer goods, then product safety may well be a key risk area. Causal Essay. Indeed, in highly regulated industries that implicate public health and safety, such as food and drugs, product safety is likely to be the research paper, single most important risk issue. Where public health and safety are implicated, defective products may trigger strict criminal liability for i ve learned the company as well as its senior managers.

28 9. Workplace safety. Elder Abuse. In industries such as manufacturing, construction, or extraction of natural resources, workplace safety may be a significant issue. 10. Emh Phd. Environmental issues. For many businesses, compliance with environmental laws is abuse paper, a significant concern. Some environmental statutes are drafted in such sweeping terms as to create something approaching strict criminal liability in the event of free compare sample, a violation. 29 39 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 40 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM Q 2. 5. 1 CORPORATE COMPLIANCE ANSWER BOOK 11. Government contracts issues.

As detailed in abuse research chapter 15 on government contractors, new mandatory compliance and good topics for world war 2, ethics program requirements went into effect on December 12, 2008, for many government contractors and subcontractors. The new requirements amend the elder abuse research, Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) and are modeled to a large extent on the Federal Sentencing Guidelines criteria for effective compliance and ethics programs. Criteria For Writing. 30 In addition to the specific elements of abuse research, a compliance and ethics program that must be implemented, the new FAR provisions also require mandatory reporting of an important lesson i ve learned, violations of research, federal criminal law, violations of the topics war 2, civil False Claims Act, and abuse, “significant” overpayments. Companies engaged in contracting with the federal government are especially vulnerable to causal essay liability for business misconduct. A number of elder research, statutes impose civil liability upon geographic factors essay government contractors for paper engaging in fraudulent conduct or failing to comply with applicable procurement and essays, contracting rules. 31 Further, an array of criminal statutes may be applied to contractors who engage in fraud or other misconduct. Elder Abuse Research Paper. 32 The most common types of dissertation, fraud encountered in government contracting include defective pricing, cost mischarging, product substitution, progress payment fraud, antitrust violations, kickbacks, bribery, gratuities, and conflicts of abuse research, interest.

33 12. Insider trading. Another risk for ap english questions publicly held companies is that directors, officers, or employees may engage in elder research paper insider trading in learned the company’s shares. The NYSE considers this risk so significant that it identifies insider trading as one of the issues to be addressed by the code of conduct it has proposed for listed companies. 34 13. Paper. International business practices.

U. Emh Phd. S. Elder Research. laws that may create significant risks for companies engaged in international business include export control laws and the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA). Export control laws and regulations prohibit the export of certain commercial products, strategic goods, defense articles and good essay topics war 2, their related technologies, and the furnishing of 40 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. Elder Abuse Research. book Page 41 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM Compliance Programs U. Essay. S. Sentencing Guidelines Q 2. 6 defense ser vices, unless licensed by the appropriate federal agency—either the Department of Commerce or the Department of elder paper, State. Note that an “export” can occur anywhere when equipment or technical data is released or made available to a foreign person, whether within the United States or abroad. The FCPA prohibits bribery in the conduct of argument essay outline, business abroad. In general, the abuse, FCPA prohibits corrupt payments to foreign officials or political parties (whether made directly or through intermediaries) for an important lesson the purpose of obtaining or keeping business. Elder Research. 35 14. Employee relations. Discrimination and harassment issues are a concern for virtually all employers. Federal statutes and regulations forbid discrimination in the hobbit the workplace based on elder paper race, color, sex, religion, national origin, marital status, age, or disability. 36 Discrimination or harassment can subject a company to civil liability for compensatory damages and, in cases involving malice or reckless indifference, to punitive damages as well.

37 15. Other issues. Essay. There are a number of additional issues that are less common but very significant to elder research particular businesses or industries. Causal Argument Essay. Certain highly regulated industries, such as banking and healthcare, face numerous compliance risks that derive from the elder abuse research paper, specialized laws and regulations that govern their conduct. Geographic. Other businesses, though not highly regulated, may have particular attributes that create significant compliance risks. For example, marketing organizations are vulnerable to charges of elder research, fraudulent sales techniques. Compliance programs must be designed to good essay topics war 2 combat these risks. Code of Conduct Q 2. 6 Is a code of conduct a required part of a compliance program?

A code of ethical conduct is a centerpiece of a compliance program. Abuse Research Paper. The Sentencing Guidelines and Sarbanes-Oxley now make a 41 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. And Composition Questions. book Page 42 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM. CORPORATE COMPLIANCE ANSWER BOOK Q 2. 6. 1 code of ethics virtually mandatory for elder abuse paper all companies. Furthermore, both the compare and contrast essay sample, NYSE and abuse, NASDAQ have proposed rules that would mandate that listed companies adopt codes of business conduct and criteria a book report, ethics. Research. 38 Sarbanes-Oxley effectively requires every publicly traded corporation to adopt a code of ethics that applies to its principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer or controller, or persons performing similar functions. 39 Q 2. 6. Argument Essay Outline. 1 What are the abuse research paper, legal requirements for argument a code of conduct? Sarbanes-Oxley mandates that the code consist of written standards that are reasonably designed to deter wrongdoing and to research promote: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) honest and ethical conduct, including the criteria for writing, ethical handling of actual or apparent conflicts of interest between personal and professional relationships; full, fair, accurate, timely, and abuse, understandable disclosure in ap english essay reports and abuse, documents that a registrant files with, or submits to, the the hobbit, SEC and in other public communications made by abuse research, the registrant; compliance with applicable governmental laws, rules, and essay topics for world war 2, regulations; the prompt internal reporting of violations of the code to an appropriate person or persons identified in research paper the code; and accountability for adherence to the code. 40 The Sentencing Guidelines impose more general requirements for causal argument outline a code of conduct. Research Paper. They require that the company establish standards and good topics for world war 2, procedures to paper prevent and detect criminal conduct, and take reasonable steps to communicate periodically and in a practical manner its standards and factors, procedures to all employees and elder, agents by conducting training programs and otherwise disseminating information. Q 2. Sample. 6. Elder Research. 2. What are the and composition essay, elements of elder, a good code of learned essay, conduct?

A corporate code of abuse, ethical conduct should accomplish several distinct, but related, objectives: 42 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. Good. book Page 43 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM Compliance Programs U. S. Sentencing Guidelines Q 2. Elder Abuse Paper. 6. 2 1. Address, in a direct, practical manner, the compliance risk issues that are relevant to the hobbit essays the particular company. The code should alert employees to the principal risks and spell out their duty to avoid them. Some of the most effective codes follow up their discussion of the relevant standards with. Abuse Research Paper. sample questions and answers applying the standard(s) to common situations that employees are likely to encounter. 2. Good Essay For World. Identify the research, personnel who administer the company’s compliance program, from the essay, senior executive(s) in charge of the paper, program down through any lower-level contact personnel. The Hobbit Essays. In addition, the code should outline the system for abuse paper reporting suspected misconduct. Employees and geographic essay, agents must be able to abuse research paper report or seek guidance regarding potential or actual criminal conduct without fear of retaliation. Furthermore, it is desirable (and sometimes required) that the factors, system permit confidential, anonymous reporting. Research. 41 The code should state unequivocally that any employee may contact compliance personnel to good essay topics for world discuss potential violations of the paper, code without fear of emh phd dissertation, retribution and, if applicable, that anonymous reporting is an option. The code should encourage employees to elder paper contact compliance personnel whenever an ap english questions, ethical issue arises and they are uncertain about whether or how the code applies.

3. Announce that employees who violate code provisions will be sanctioned for elder abuse research their misconduct, indicating the range of sanctions that may be applied. Good Topics For World War 2. The sanctions may range from a reprimand for minor or unintentional violations up to abuse research termination for cause for serious violations. The Sentencing Guidelines note that disciplinary actions sometimes may need to be taken not only against the actual offender but also against geographic factors essay individuals who fail to take reasonable steps to research prevent or detect the misconduct. Essays. 42 Thus, the code should also state that an employee who witnesses a violation and fails to elder abuse research report it may be subject to ap english and composition essay discipline, as may a supervisor or manager to elder abuse paper the extent that the violation reflects inadequate supervision or lack of diligence. 4. Be distributed to essays all company employees and agents in elder abuse research writing and/or by and composition, making it available on the company’s website. Elder Abuse. Many companies require that employees certify that they have received and read the and composition essay, code of elder abuse paper, conduct. Some companies make this an causal essay, annual 43 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 44 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM CORPORATE COMPLIANCE ANSWER BOOK Q 2. 6. Elder Abuse Paper. 3 ritual. Geographic. Such certifications can provide useful evidence of the company’s good faith and diligence if an issue ever arises. However, the certifications can end up undercutting the elder abuse research paper, company’s position if they are incomplete or out of success report, date. Thus, if a company decides to utilize employee certifications, it must diligently monitor them to elder ensure that they are complete and an important, up to date.

Q 2. Paper. 6. 3 How many codes of topics for world, conduct should a company have? Sarbanes-Oxley mandates a code of elder abuse research paper, ethics only for an important lesson learned a select group of senior corporate officials: a company’s principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer or controller, or persons performing similar functions. In contrast, the elder paper, Sentencing Guidelines and war 2, the proposed NYSE and NASDAQ rules require a code that is elder, broadly applicable to criteria a company’s officers, employees, and research paper, (as appropriate) agents. For most companies, it would seem simplest to have only one code of and composition essay, conduct that applies to abuse research paper all officers, employees, and agents, and that either applies the dissertation, Sarbanes-Oxley standards to all such persons, or else “adds on” the paper, specific Sarbanes-Oxley requirements for and composition the specified senior officers who are subject to them. Multiple codes of elder research paper, conduct applicable to success criteria for writing a book report different groups of officers and/or employees are likely to elder abuse research breed problems for the company.

Compliance Program Administration Q 2. 7 How do we administer and enforce a compliance program? 1. The Hobbit Essays. Establish comprehensive written policies and procedures that implement the elder, Code of Conduct and that address the specific risk areas you have identified. 2. And Contrast. Conduct effective training programs and elder, otherwise disseminate information about the the hobbit, compliance program to officers and employees. 3. Establish and abuse, publicize a system for reporting violations. Factors Essay. 44 Corporate Compliance Answer.

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USE ONLY LENS PAPER. Research Paper. REGULAR TISSUES CAN . War 2. SCRATCH THE LENSES. __F__ 2) The coarse adjustment knob maybe used in focusing with all objective lenses. COARSE ADJUSTMENT IS ONLY USED ON SCANNING POWER. __T__ 3) When beginning to focus, the lowest power lens should be used. Elder Research. __T__ 4) Resolution decreases as the amount of light coming in on the object increases. Eyepiece , Focal length , Lens 608 Words | 4 Pages. been automated to use this setting 6 Sub Heading 6 Sub-Sub-Heading 6 problem statement 7 Overview 7 Research Question/Hypothesis 7 . OBJECTIVES AND AIMS 8 Overall Objective 8 Specific Aims 8 BACKGROUND AND SIGNIFICANCE 9 research design and methods 10 Overview 10 Population and Study Sample 10 Sample Size and Selection of Sample 10 Sources of Data 10 Collection of Data 10 Exposure Assessment 10 Data Management 10 Data Analysis Strategies 10 Ethics and. Citation , Data , Decimal 690 Words | 5 Pages. Human resource management , Human resources , Management 1332 Words | 4 Pages.

examining small or thinly sliced sections of good, objects under magnification that is higher than the dissecting microscope. In this lab we will learn proper use . and elder handling of factors essay, a microscope. Dissecting Microscope: Using the dissecting microscope our objective was to learn how to abuse use a dissecting microscope properly to view a penny and a Planaria. Penny: While observing the penny under 20x magnification I observed that on the tail side a penny Lincoln is sitting in the Lincoln Memorial. Ap English Questions. While viewing. Eye , Eyepiece , Lens 834 Words | 3 Pages. TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION Of Optical Microscope. field of cell biology, microbiology, biotechnology, pharmacology, forensic and research paper medical diagnosis especially when dealing with tissue fragments.

It is a type . of microscope which uses visible light and a system of lenses to magnify images of learned, small samples . Abuse Paper. In other words, Optical microscope is a technical device which is used for visualizing structures that are too small to see with the topics for world war 2, unaided eye. Elder Abuse. The LED of microscope features a long service life of 20,000 hours and offers low power consumption. Eyepiece , Lens , Lenses 1108 Words | 8 Pages. adjuster, objective lens, and last but not least eyepiece lenses. A magnified image of a cell which is examined by a microscope is observed . directly by looking into the eyepiece lens. Coarse and fine adjusters permit up-and-down movement of the microscope stage. This facilitates precise focus. Objective lenses produce an image from the light rays that are transmitted from the light source and through the and composition questions, microscope stage which holds the elder research paper, sample under examination. The visibility of objects in a sample can.

Biology , Eyepiece , Light 930 Words | 4 Pages. Lab Title: Microscopy Objective : To learn how to use and care for a microscope and to know the parts of a . compound microscope and to efficiently use the ap english and composition essay questions, microscope to focus on specimen. Introduction A microscope is an optical instrument used for viewing very small objects, typically magnified several hundred times. It consist of different lenses such as: Scanning = 4X, Low power = 10X, High power = 40 or 43X, Oil Immersion = 100X. A microscope is an instrument. Eye , Eyepiece , Focal length 1623 Words | 4 Pages. HUELLA CASE: SAMPLE RESEARCH PAPER. conversations. OBJECTIVE (s) Find out internet usage amongst travelers and for what purposes. Elder Paper. To educated customers about Huella Hong Kong . Online travel, creating brand awareness.

Educating travelers about safety of booking flights and making travel arrangements through the company website. Change the brand Image of the company from an success, immature thrill seeker to that of being trustworthy and user friendly. METHODOLOGY A quantitative approach will be utilized to meet the objective highlighted. Internet , Marketing , Quantitative marketing research 572 Words | 5 Pages. (From your journals) Sample – Location – DV – (Consider as Title too) IV – IV – IV – Before ending . this part write the following paragraph “Therefore, the purpose of this study aims to explore the TITLE among the respondents and elder abuse research paper the correlation IV IV IV and DV.” 1.2 Problem Identification 5 Research Specific Objectives Each objective 5 paragraph with a research question at the end. Success For Writing A Book. Research question you can make up from your objective . Abuse. For this part.

Cluster sampling , Research , Respondent 1188 Words | 30 Pages. ?????,???????????: - ????????(probability sample ,??random sample )? - ????(the sampling frame)???????????????????? - . ?????(The Sample Size)? - ????(the sample design),???????????? - ???(the rate of response),?????????????????? ¦ ?????????? - ????????the sample frame(????)? - ??????????????????????,???????????????????? - ???????,?????,??????,???????????? ¦ The Sample Frame ?????????????????????????,????????????,????????????????the sample frame ? - ???????????: . Cluster sampling , Random sample , Sample 386 Words | 4 Pages. with a lens cleaner solution and a lens paper due to possible minerals or deposits on the any soft tissue. | | 2) The coarse adjustment knob maybe . used in focusing with all objective lenses.False. The coarse adjustment knob should be used during scanning objective lens (lowest power). When it comes to higher objective lenses, the fine-focus knob should mostly be used and maybe a slight adjustment using the coarse adjustment knob. | | 3) When beginning to dissertation focus, the lowest power lens should. Eyepiece , Focal length , Lens 865 Words | 4 Pages. our bodies and in elder abuse this lab we will learn about the different types and functions of tissues. Hypothesis: I believe at free essay the end of this lab If I am . willing to do the reasearch the elder abuse, I will be able to use a mircoscope to look at different tissue samples and learn about the many types of tissue cells and their functions. Materials: The internet Book:Human Antomony and Physiology Lab worksheets Methods: 1. Logged into blackboard 2. I Ve Learned Essay. Pulled up assignment 3. Read all instructions. Debut albums , Eyepiece , Lens 506 Words | 3 Pages. LBYCIVB EXERCISE No.

1 STADIA INTERVAL FACTOR Student Name:____________________ Date Performed: _____________ Group No.: ___________ Date . Submitted: _____________ Group Leader: _______________________ Grade: ___________ 1. Objective : The objective of this exercise is to research paper determine the stadia interval factor of an engineer’s transit or theodolite. 2. Background: The telescope of an engineer’s transit, theodolite, plane table alidade, and many levels are furnished with stadia hairs. F-number , Focal length , Lens 566 Words | 5 Pages. be left on the lens making it appear dirtier than before 4. State the name of for writing report, each of the tagged parts on the microscope shown above in step 1 of the . Procedures: (11 points) a. Ocular Lens b. Body Tube c. Arm d. Objective Lenses e. Stage f. Condenser g. Diaphragm h. Coarse Focusing Knob i. Illuminator j. Base k. Fine Focusing Knob 5. What type of microscope has primarily been used in abuse research paper this lab? (1 point) Compound. Cell , Eyepiece , Lens 717 Words | 4 Pages. Convex Lenses are curved glass used to make microscopes (and glasses etc.) Convex Lenses bend light and criteria for writing a book report focus it in one spot. How a Microscope Works . Ocular Lens (Magnifies Image) Objective Lens (Gathers Light, Magnifies And Focuses Image Inside Body Tube) Body Tube (Image Focuses) •Bending Light: The objective (bottom) convex lens magnifies and focuses (bends) the image inside the body tube and the ocular convex (top) lens of a microscope magnifies it (again). The Parts of a Microscope . Eyepiece , Lens , Lenses 661 Words | 5 Pages.

compound microscope: Eyepiece Lenses and Objective Lenses: | |Eyepiece or Ocular is abuse research, what you . look through at the top of the microscope. Typically, standard eyepieces have a magnifying power of essay topics for world, 10x. | |Optional eyepieces of varying powers are available, typically from research, 5x-30x. | |Eyepiece tube holds the and composition essay questions, eyepieces in place above the elder, objective lens. Binocular microscope heads typically. Eyepiece , Lens , Lenses 691 Words | 3 Pages. resulting in good topics for world war 2 an image that your naked eye would ordinarily see if looking at the slide. Elder Paper. The image is then magnified by the lower ( objective ) . Emh Phd. lens. The objective lens flips the image and magnifies it by bending the light. The light is bent as it passes through the convex surface on either side of the lens material. The eyepiece acts as a weaker version of the objective lens by flipping the abuse research paper, image again and factors essay magnifying it further. Compound microscopes are used most commonly.

Eyepiece , Lens , Lenses 990 Words | 4 Pages. “T” on elder abuse research paper the answer line. If false, write a word or phrase in the blank to make the statement true. Free Compare Essay. F | 1) The microscope lens may be cleaned with any . soft tissue. | F | 2) The coarse adjustment knob maybe used in focusing with all objective lenses. | T | 3) When beginning to focus, the abuse research paper, lowest power lens should be used. | T | 4) Resolution decreases as the amount wavelength of light increases. | F | 5) When focusing always focus toward the specimen. . Aperture , Eyepiece , Focal length 504 Words | 3 Pages. Psychological Effect of Broken Family to the Behavior of lesson essay, Children. Eyepiece tube holds the eyepieces in place above the research, objective lens.

Binocular microscope heads typically incorporate a diopter adjustment ring . that allows for the possible inconsistencies of our eyesight in one or both eyes. The monocular (single eye usage) microscope does not need a diopter. Binocular microscopes also swivel (Interpupillary Adjustment) to an important i ve learned essay allow for different distances between the eyes of different individuals. * Objective Lenses are the primary optical lenses on a microscope. Camera , Digital camera , Eyepiece 1031 Words | 3 Pages. 8. Inclination joint: tilts the microscope for angled viewing 9. Light source: a mirror, lamp, or bulb for illuminating slide work 10. Main Tube: . connects the eyepiece lenses to the objective lenses 11. Nosepiece amp; Objective lenses: Holds the research paper, objective lenses and rotates them. Objective lenses provide different focal lengths usually x4, x10, x40, and x100 12. Stopper Screw: Stops and prevents movement of the main tube 13. Stage Knobs: adjust the factors essay, slide’s position on the.

Bacteria , Cell membrane , Cell nucleus 638 Words | 3 Pages. knob) anti- clockwise. 2. What happened to the stage when you turned the knob clockwise (toward you)? The stage will move down when turned the . Abuse Research Paper. coarse adjustment knob (large knob) clockwise. I Ve Learned Essay. 3. Observe the abuse research, letter ‘I’ under low (i.e. objective X4 ) magnification. What do you notice about the image? The image of letter ‘I’ under low magnification is inverted/upside down. 4. Move the an important i ve learned, slide slowly to the left. What happens to the image?

The image will move to the right when the research, slide. Eyepiece , Lens , Lenses 1855 Words | 6 Pages. Statistics - Probability and Sample Data. collection. Sample Data Sample data basically is and contrast essay sample, a subclass of populations such as humans, animals and even objects; it often . goes as far as Physical Science and the Scientific Method. Within statistics, known as survey methodology, Sample Data concerns itself in abuse paper the selective method regarding the i ve, subset of elder abuse research, inhabitants or humans from within any particular population. This is done in order to approximate the uniqueness of an entire populace like weight, gender, color, religion, job types, etc.

Sample Data. Bureau of emh phd, Labor Statistics , Data , Data collection 1178 Words | 4 Pages. see. Abuse Research Paper. OBJECTIVES Devices to overcome the limitations of sight. 1. Microscope •Instrument to magnify object such as virus. . • Objective lens and emh phd eyepiece magnify image.

Types- light microscope, electron microscope 2. Magnifying glass •Limited magnifying power-10 to 15 times •Use to see small object. •Magnifying glass is convex lens. Elder. 3. Telescope •viewing distant objects -stars, planets , Moon. And Composition Essay. •Consists of two convex lenses- objective and eyepiece lens. •The image produced by the objective lens is. Auditory system , Ear , Eyepiece 685 Words | 3 Pages. your answer in elder paper the appropriate blank on your student answer sheet. Questions. 1. Which part of the microscope would you adjust to regulate the amount of light . reaching the specimen? _________ 2. Which part of the microscope allows light to pass from the abuse paper, objective to the eyepiece? _______ 3. Information about which two lettered parts is good topics war 2, needed in order to determine the elder abuse, total magnification of an success for writing a book, object viewed with the abuse, microscope in emh phd the position shown? ____________ and ____________ 4.. Which lettered part should. Eyepiece , Lens , Microscope 943 Words | 4 Pages. Communication Research notes sample.

your experiment to the larger population from which the elder abuse paper, sample was drawn. You should not apply your results to good essay those subjects only who . participated in the study. Applying findings from a sample to a larger population is abuse research, known as generalization. As the good essay topics, results of an experiment are to generalize the population, so we must be very careful while selecting the sample . The optimal procedure is to identify the elder research paper, population and then draw a random sample of individuals for participation in dissertation the experiment. In. Causality , Design of elder abuse, experiments , Experiment 1612 Words | 5 Pages. Management by ObjectivesMBO Management by Objectives (MBO) Can be defined as a process whereby the performance goals and . Dissertation. objectives are set by elder abuse paper, each subordinate in collaboration with his superior at the start of the appraisal period. Factors Essay. MBO is elder abuse research, a Process ? A process consisting of criteria a book, a series of interdependence and interrelated steps: ? The formation of clear, concise statements of objectives ? The development of realistic action plans for their attainment, ? The systematic monitoring. Evaluation , Goal , Management 433 Words | 7 Pages.

microscope is plugged in and placed on the lab bench in front of the user to the point at which the slide is being clamped onto the stage. One can assume . Elder Research Paper. that the microscope is set up such that the stage is in its lowest position and that the low power objective is locked into place. Report. 2. Abuse. a) State the steps one would follow to achieve an efficient and ‘quick’ focus of a prepared slide in which the letter ‘K’ has been mounted. Assume that. Cornea , Focal length , Lens 580 Words | 3 Pages. No. 1 - Four essential steps in the management by objectives (MBO) process Management by objectives (MBO) is a system . whereby managers and employees define goals for factors, every department, project, and elder paper person and use them to ap english monitor subsequent performance. Four major activities make MBO successful. MBO is result oriented. Emphasize the accomplishment rather than input. Encourage the participation at all level of organization that means collaborative, shared power and self management.

A process consisting. Goal , Goal setting , Intrinsic value 1017 Words | 4 Pages. the objective lenses of the microscope. Elder Paper. Once the ocular micrometer was calibrated, the specimens were viewed and measured. The correct . Good War 2. measurement was obtained by counting the ocular micrometer divisions occupied by the specimen and multiplying it by the calibration constant of the abuse paper, objective lens used. The deviation between the measurement should only appear on essay the decimal places of the figure. III. Results and Discussion Table 1.0 Calibration Constant Under Different Microscope Objective Lenses . Biology , Eyepiece , Lenses 1043 Words | 3 Pages. football match and so on, so by that we must that gift and use it for abuse research, good purposes and criteria a book report not bad one Objectives To Gather Information . About : -Device used to overcome the limitation of sight. -Device used to research paper overcome the limitation of hearing.

Device used to overcome the limitation of sight. (Microscope) [pic] Instrument to lesson magnify object such as virus Objective lens and research paper eyepiece magnifying image Types: light microscope, electron microscope (Magnifying glass) . Ear , Eye , Eyepiece 727 Words | 4 Pages. |1. Eyepiece |Contains a magnifying lens that focuses | | . | |the image from the objective into your | | | |eye. | | |2. Course Adjust. Equatorial mount , Eyepiece , Lens 1857 Words | 6 Pages. MANAGEMENT BY OBJECTIVES (MBO) is emh phd, a practical application of the reasoning behind the research, notion of goal-setting theory. MBO is a process in i ve learned which . employees participate with management in the setting of goals or objectives . An essential feature of an MBO program is elder abuse paper, that it involves a one-on-one negotiation session between a supervisor and subordinate in order to set concrete, objective goals for the employee’s performance.

During the session a deadline is dissertation, set for the measurement of accomplishment, and. Goal , Heterarchy , Hierarchy 1207 Words | 4 Pages. Marketing Research Proposal Sample. a basic industry information resource. ( Problem . Elder Research Paper. statement: Which factors influence the consumer purchasing decision for essay, fruit drinks. Objective * To determine the abuse, product attributes influencing purchase decision of fruit drink brands. * To determine the reasons for consuming various fruit drink brands. Ap English Essay. * To determine the most preferred SKU(quantity) in fruit drink category. . Exploratory research , Juice , Marketing 568 Words | 3 Pages. Management by Objectives Motivating employees seems to be a challenge for managers - Discuss the advantages and elder paper disadvantages of the MBO . program and provide at least one example to free compare essay sample support your discussion. Goal-Setting Theories have evolved since the 50s and have an impressive documented literature. The Goal-Setting Theory addresses the issues that goal specificity, challenge, and research paper feedback have on performance (Robbins, 2009, p185). Setting goals and motivating employees are always an important. Goal , Goal setting , Management 1208 Words | 5 Pages. MANAGEMENT BY OBJECTIVES Management By Objectives (MBO), was first introduced by Peter Drucker in 1954 in his book, The . Practice of Management.

By 1960s and 1970s, MBO became the free essay sample, no 1 buzzword of elder research, management practices and good topics war 2 some form of a panacea for management ills. Elder. Most importantly, MBO has, for the first time, introduced significant changes to success a book the command-control top down management system practiced at that time. Not that the paper, Command Control company system did not have any goals and objectives . It. Goal , Human resource management , Management 1709 Words | 6 Pages. Sample Size and Sampling Mechanics Sampling.

things that is the essay topics for world, subject of exploration. A census involves obtaining information, not from a sample , but rather from the entire population . or universe. A sample (as opposed sampling) is a subset of the population/universe. Elder Research Paper. For Marketing Research purposes, sampling usually involves people, not data or things. Sampling Plans are strategies and mechanics for selecting members of the sample from the population: 1. Define the population. It is usually limited based on questions some set of characteristics. Mean , Normal distribution , Sample 991 Words | 5 Pages. Elliot defines an objective correlative as the only way of expressing emotion in the form of art . a set of objects, a situation, a chain of . events which shall be the formula of that particular emotion; such that when the external facts, which must terminate in sensory experience, are given, the emotion is immediately invoked. The following is a set of objective correlatives extracted from the paper, literature in the book Thinking, Reading, and Writing Critically. All objective correlatives are.

John Keats , Objective correlative , Ode on a Grecian Urn 939 Words | 3 Pages. Unit 3 – Survey Sample Size Yvonne Johnson American InterContinental University Abstract This essay will have two parts one will discuss . three different surveys and the second will be a survey that was performed by the author. The subjects of the surveys will be Entertainment, Political, and General. We will analyze the surveys that do not have the population that were surveyed. Introduction The entertainment survey will be a survey that was conducted by Universal UK, was conducted. Federal , Federal government , Federal government of the United States 1481 Words | 6 Pages. Sample Concept Paper for Masters Degree. be linked with the different types of dissertation, teacher’s classroom feedback and consequently, the elder abuse, extent to which this teacher’s feedback affects the academic . self-esteem of the emh phd, learners. 1.4 Research Objectives and Questions 1.4.1 Research Objectives The study will be guide by the following objectives ; 1. Elder Research. To determine the importance of teacher’s feedback in the classroom. 2. To evaluate the effectiveness and impact of the ap english and composition essay questions, different types of teacher’s feedback.

3. To examine teacher’s perception about. Education , High school , Motivation 1710 Words | 6 Pages. Common Mistake in Adjusting Sample Size for Anticipated Dropouts in Clinical Trials. W H I T E P A P E R Common Mistake in Adjusting Sample Size for Anticipated Dropouts in Clinical Trials . Mr. Prasanth S, Ms. Rajani V and Dr. A.K. Mathai WHITE PAPER Common Mistake in Adjusting Sample Size for abuse, Anticipated Dropouts in Clinical Trials D ay by day the clinical trial field is expanding like anything. Emh Phd Dissertation. New molecules are needs to be experimented in human beings and the existing drugs are . Dropout , Estimation , Estimator 881 Words | 4 Pages.

(Project management: Case Studies Harold Kerzner, (2006). John Wiley and Sons) Management by objectives This technique allows all . parties, the project manager, the functional manager, and the employee, to share and to participate in elder abuse paper the appraisal. It epitomizes the criteria for writing a book, systems approach since it allows for objectives modification without undue or undeserved penalty to elder paper the employee. Good Essay For World. Finally, it uses objective data and elder downplays subjective data. Advantages emphasis on results rather than on abstract. Concept of the Corporation , Goal , Harvard Business Review 2206 Words | 7 Pages.

MANAGEMENT BY OBJECTIVES (MBO) What is dissertation, Management by objective ? * Management by objectives (MBO) is a . Elder Research Paper. systematic and organized approach that allows management to success report focus on achievable goals and to attain the best possible results from research paper, available resources. It aims to increase organizational performance by aligning goals and subordinate objectives throughout the success for writing report, organization. Elder Abuse. Ideally, employees get strong input to identify their objectives , time lines for completion, etc. Good Essay Topics For World. MBO includes ongoing tracking. Employment , Goal , Management 1408 Words | 5 Pages.

Basic Stat: General Terms, Sample and Sampling Distribution. which takes infinite values within a range continuum 6. Population (N) = the elder abuse paper, totality or aggregate of any variable at a certain point of reference 7. . Sample (n) = the proportion or fraction of the population at a certain point of reference 8. Parameter – the value derived from the population 9. Statistic(s) – the value(s) derived from sample 10. Measurement – the process of quantifying any variable 11. Levels/Scales of Measurement a. Nominal – utilized for categorical data which uses coding. Cluster sampling , Replication , Sample 618 Words | 4 Pages. microscope Abstract: A compound light microscope uses two sets of lenses, ocular and objective , and ap english questions employs light as its source of . illumination. Research Paper. Through careful observation, we identified the various parts of a light microscope we found that the light microscope Ocular lenses which give 10x magnification power, and emh phd objective lenses which consist of elder abuse research paper, three objectives : scanning, low power, and high power objectives . Good For World. Then we observed under different magnification powers a certain number of specimens. Lens , Magnification , Microscope 915 Words | 4 Pages.

Various Schemes in Mutual Fund for Investors. guarantee that the objective of the elder, scheme can be achieved and also the Net Asset Value (NAV) of the units can go up or down depending on good essay topics for world war 2 . factors affecting the capital and money market, many of the elder abuse paper, investors tend not to invest in the mutual fund investment. The study includes investors, financial institutions, investors who are interested in Kotak Mahindra Asset Management Company’s mutual fund and also the individuals who are interested in the investment on the mutual fund. Objective : 1. Success Report. To track. Financial services , Funds , Hedge fund 658 Words | 3 Pages. needs and provides a standard for elder abuse paper, recognizing individual performance. It should be tailored to meet the essay, goals and objectives of the . organization and should identify a way to measure and evaluate results. Clearly defined objectives provide the elder abuse, parameters and are essential for evaluating performance. For example, measuring planned against actual accomplishments indicates whether objectives are met and provides information on the validity of the process.

Feedback from customers provides a valuable tool. Customer , Customer service , Sales 1581 Words | 6 Pages. Calculating Sample Size Types of Samples Subjective or Convenience Sample - Has some possibility of bias - . Cannot usually say it is free compare essay, representative - Selection made by ease of abuse, collection Simple Random Sample - No subjective bias - Equal chance of selection; e.g., select the fifth chart seen on essay topics for world every third day - Can usually be backed to say it is representative Systematic Sample - Is a random sample - Equal chance of elder abuse research, selection due to methodology; e.g., computer-generated list of . Arithmetic mean , Estimator , Mathematics 1735 Words | 7 Pages. Determination of Moisture Content. Whatever the method is, the success for writing, moisture content still can be measured with accuracy. 2.0 Objective Determine the moisture content of . the elder research, soil sample . 3.0 Apparatus 1. A thermostatically controlled oven set at a temperature of 105-110 °C. 2. Sample tins 3. Essay Topics. Balance readable and accurate to 0.01 g 4. A scoop Photo 1- Oven | Photo 2- Sample Tin | Photo 3- Balance | Photo 4- Scoop | 4.0 Procedures 1. The empty. Bulk density , Humidity , Hydrology 578 Words | 3 Pages. Management by elder research paper, Objectives (MBO) is the geographic factors, most widely accepted philosophy of management today. It is a demanding and research paper rewarding style of management. Lesson I Ve Learned Essay. . It concentrates attention on the accomplishment of objectives through participation of all concerned persons, i.e., through team spirit.

MBO is based on the assumption that people perform better when they know what is elder research, expected of them and can relate their personal goals to organizational objectives . Superior subordinate participation, joint goal setting and. Goal , Hierarchy , Management 2265 Words | 7 Pages. Synopsis This experiment was carried out with the objective to an important i ve learned essay study the effects of homogenisation on the droplet size of the dispersed phase . of an emulsion of a two stage homogeniser. Elder Research Paper. The results collected shows that the pressure of the homogenisation process will affect the temperature, height of separation and fat globule distribution of the coconut milk. The process of homogenisation involves pressure forcing the coconut milk through a membrane to make the fat particles small enough to mix together. Colloid , Emulsion , Fundamental physics concepts 1772 Words | 6 Pages. Contents * Introduction and Background * Research Objectives * Variables * Type of Study * Sampling * Hypotheses . * Research Design * Assumptions * Delimitations Background Packaging is a very important marketing strategy to and composition questions glamorize your product in order to attract the consumer’s attention. Sometimes packaging is so important that it cost more than the product itself in order to lure the elder abuse research, consumers to buy it. Most consumers judge a product by its packaging.

Consumer protection , Critical thinking , Decision making 461 Words | 3 Pages. management by objectives . It emphasised the importance of success, corporate objectives as a tool to assist managers in the successful . Elder Research. completion of lesson i ve, their tasks and elder responsibilities. Peter Drucker believed that for a business to become successful, the activities of emh phd, all of the workforce and management should be focused on a common goal. Abuse Research. This meant that each individual in a business should be given targets or objectives that when combined would assist in achieving the corporate objectives of the business. Business , Goal , Management 1381 Words | 7 Pages. Transportation Survey Sample Calculation The confidence interval (also called margin of error) is the plus-or-minus figure usually reported . in newspaper or television opinion poll results. For example, if you use a confidence interval of geographic factors, 4 and 47% percent of your sample picks an answer you can be sure that if you had asked the question of the entire relevant population between 43% (47-4) and 51% (47+4) would have picked that answer.

The confidence level tells you how sure you can be. It is. Confidence interval , Interval finite element , Normal distribution 634 Words | 4 Pages. Evaluation and Objective Performance Measures. Case Writeup – Citibank: Performance Evaluation Question 1) Which of James McGaran’s performance measures are objective , and which are . subjective?

Evaluate the pros and cons of objective and subjective measures in a performance evaluation and elder abuse research paper reward system. Objective performance measures are those which are directly quantifiable and are not subject to the beliefs and dissertation interpretations of the observer. Elder Abuse Paper. Subjective measures on the other hand require interpretation and criteria for writing report judgment, and while numerical scores. Assessment , Better , Evaluation 1203 Words | 4 Pages. no more than thirty (30) minutes on each question. Question 1 a) Explain what each of the following terms mean in the context of research: i) . Population ii) Probability sampling iii) Non-probability sampling iv) Representative sample (8 marks) b) Discuss FOUR (4) main characteristics of a good research. (16 marks) Total: 25 marks Question 2 a) It is advantageous to develop a directional hypothesis whenever we are sure of the elder paper, predicted direction. Define directional. Data collection , Nonprobability sampling , Sample 588 Words | 4 Pages. ?CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION This chapter will provide an overview of the ap english and composition questions, problem by giving its background.

The chapter also aims to describe background of . the problem, statement of the problem, objectives of the elder abuse, study, significance of the study, scope of the study and research questions. 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE PROBLEM Prior to the establishment of computerized payroll accounting system they were using manual systems in good war 2 keeping their records. This technique of recording was connected with various. Accounting software , Bookkeeping , Data 679 Words | 3 Pages. Laboratorio de Analisis Argentina. original collection of samples to the final step of communicating the test results to the patients, LAA has shown that they have created a . process with numerous factors to success as well as room for improvement. The following is a flow chart representative of the elder abuse paper, steps of the essay questions, process and the reliance each step has to other steps: While not all information was provided in the same metric for each step, the table below has converted each step to minutes per 1,000 samples to elder abuse paper allow the capability. Bottleneck , Capacity utilization , Chemical engineering 1434 Words | 5 Pages. Transactions?Acquisitions. Define the Objective (s): What is the objective ? Define the topics for world war 2, population precisely (including . stratification, if any): What is the population? Define the sampling unit, organization of population items, and random selection procedures: What is the sampling organization?

Description of Attributes | Planned Audit | Actual Results | | EPER | TER | ARACR | Initial Sample Size | Sample Size | Number of Exceptions. Microsoft Excel , Random number , Randomness 643 Words | 3 Pages. Technology upgrade The objective here is to reduce meat contamination by establishing a Microbial lab within each meat factory in United . States. Abuse. This method will allow us to test animal intestine to see if they are contaminated by bacteria. Bacteria can be difficult to sample and analyze, for many reasons.

Natural bacteria levels in criteria for writing a book report streams can vary significantly; bacteria conditions are strongly correlated with rainfall, and thus comparing wet and dry weather bacteria data can be a problem; many. Agar plate , Bacteria , Container 1590 Words | 6 Pages.

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5 Lessons for Mixing Past and Present Tense. Writers often fall into a tense trap and don’t even notice. A tense trap is not a trap that makes you tense; it’s when you get stuck in past tense when the phenomena you are describing is perpetual or at least valid to the present moment. Here are some sample tense traps and their simple fixes: 1. “Bush lost me as a supporter when he said that outsourcing American jobs was a good thing.” This sentence from a newspaper column correctly reports in the past tense #8212; at elder research, the beginning of the sentence.

But Bush likely said something like this: “Outsourcing American jobs is a good thing.” Even in paraphrase, the writer should retain the present tense: “Bush lost me as a supporter when he said that outsourcing American jobs is a good thing.” 2. “The two men chimed right in emh phd dissertation with their own stories about what wonderful people Jack and Margaret were.” Because this sentence is elder abuse, taken out of context, you have no idea whether Jack and Margaret were still alive at the time they were being discussed. To your credit, though, that thought occurred to compare and contrast essay sample, you #8212; but it didn’t occur to abuse paper, the person who referred to the still-alive-and-kicking couple in the past tense. Unless Jack and Margaret later suffered from a personality disorder that transformed their natures, the writer should have made the success a book report, observation in the present tense: “The two men chimed right in with their own stories about abuse paper, what wonderful people Jack and Margaret are.” 3. “These remarks infuriated French president Jacques Chirac, who declared that his country loved Jews and was not at success criteria for writing report, all anti-Semitic.” Methinks Monsieur is suffering pied-en-bouche disease when he clumsily protests France’s apparently nonabiding affection for Semitic peoples. But it’s not his fault; the paraphrase should support the intent of his sentiment by using the present tense: “These remarks infuriated French president Jacques Chirac, who declared that his country loves Jews and is not at abuse research, all anti-Semitic.” 4. Factors. “He wanted to elder research paper, know: Did it really do all the essay, things people said it did?” Assuming you know that the product in question is extant and that its operating features are persistent, reference to research paper, it should be in ap english questions the present tense regardless of the research paper, framing tense: “He wanted to know: Does it really do all the geographic essay, things people say it does?” 5. “Even when he was young, Dali was fascinated by and disturbed about how ants ate animal carcasses.” Because ants (disregarding the fact that Dali remains neither a youth nor alive) still eat animal carcasses, the verb should appear in the present tense: “Even when he was young, Dali was fascinated by abuse research and disturbed about how ants eat animal carcasses.” But look at an important lesson, this sentence from the same article: “This experience convinced the late artist that it was useless to represent reality in his painting.” This statement is abuse research paper, correct as is. Knowing, as we do, that the artist is no longer alive and that the sentiment refers specifically to him, the point is no longer valid, so past tense here is free and contrast essay sample, proper. Research Paper. Subscribe to Receive our Articles and Exercises via Email. You will improve your English in only 5 minutes per good, day, guaranteed!

Subscribers get access to abuse research, our exercise archives, writing courses, writing jobs and much more! You'll also get three bonus ebooks completely free! Try It Free Now. 24 Responses to #8220;5 Lessons for Mixing Past and Present Tense#8221; Tashia on October 10, 2015 12:43 pm. Emh Phd Dissertation. This is elder paper, a good way to teach little kids at home before they go to preschool. Free Compare Essay. Okay.

You#8217;re spot on abuse paper Sara this article and the follow-on comments are that I have been looking for a long time. Great. Ap English. Thank you all. This little article is the best one I have read concerning this subject. You have clarified the issue for me. Thanks! Hello Mr. Mark Nichol, I was searching online for explanations on how to elder abuse research paper, correctly use. tenses in for writing English writing and elder, came across your article. Thanks for the article about #8220;Mixing Past and essay for world war 2, Present Tense.#8221; I am not a native English speaker.

I just read an article from NY Times online about Iran threatening. to abuse paper, block the oil transportation lanes in the Strait of Hormuz. In there it has that line: The declaration by Iran’s first vice president, Mohammad-Reza Rahimi, came as President Obama prepares to sign legislation that, if fully implemented, could substantially reduce Iran’s oil revenue in success a bid to deter it from pursuing a nuclear weapons program. My question is abuse, why it first used past tense #8220;came#8221; and then. switched to present tense in emh phd #8220;President Obama prepares?#8221; Thanks in elder abuse advance for your time and explanation. yes, this is a great one for the lover of the novelist within you that no longer needs suppression but instead, expression. Let it all hang out! your rights, your languages, your writing ways and resources will be @ your fingertips where you need them. I would suggest any one of these books or all when it comes down to it, way before your first draft your first draft. The basic concept is of course, where can I begin? Well what better than the readings and success for writing, making notes on the side of these books for elder abuse writers by writers whom have been there big time.

Have hit big time the ap english essay questions, big hard falldown and rollwiththe punches way.It can aslo lead to much more inspiration perhaps even leading you to want to join a writers group or club. Research Paper. The next step towards being a published writer is to connect with other writers as well offline like you do online. Good Essay. So go for it. Keep reading, researching and the words will flow like honey from the silver and emerald-encrusted tankard. The main exception to this procedure would be when you are speaking about a fact of nature or a well-known piece of information: “The teacher told the students that the research paper, capital of Egypt is Cairo.” It#8217;s not really an exception; there#8217;s a subtle change in emphasis: #8220;the teacher told the essay, students that the capital of Egypt was Cairo#8221; emphasizes #8220;the teacher told the students #8230;#8221;, whereas #8220;the teacher told the students that the abuse research paper, capital of Egypt is Cairo#8221; emphasizes #8220;the capital of Egypt is Cairo#8221;. When it comes to Chirac#8217;s mistake in using #8220;loved#8221; instead of #8220;loves#8221; this may be his translator#8217;s or interpreter#8217;s mistake. I rarely hear him speak English. Essay Topics War 2. Marty Beaudet on February 15, 2011 4:43 pm. Elder Research. Hey, you#8217;re ALL right here.

English allows for nuance. Whether a condition is perpetual or not, what matters is both the perspective of the compare essay sample, speaker. Elder Abuse Research Paper. This could be the original speaker, or the secondary speaker who is reporting what was said. A writer has many tools in his/her toolbox to subtly influence the success criteria a book, reader#8217;s perception of events. If it#8217;s fiction, any of the research paper, above choices is valid, as long as the an important lesson i ve learned essay, writer is conveying what (s)he intended to elder abuse research paper, convey. In non-fiction, however, it#8217;s best to and contrast essay sample, be as specific and accurate as possible. There are time when the perpetuity of an event cannot be guaranteed. If it is in doubt, or the speaker cast it in doubt, it should be reported in the past tense. And if doubts remain in any case, clarifying information can be given to the reader in additional sentences. For instance: #8220;Peter said the Earth is round. [Because Peter thought it was perpetually so.] It isn#8217;t. Abuse Research. [Here the writer clarifies the error in Peter#8217;s statement.] Dina Santorelli on February 15, 2011 4:03 pm.

Uh oh, now Andy Knoedler has me thinking#8230; Dina Santorelli on report February 15, 2011 4:02 pm. Excellent post. I have been looking for something like this for quite some time. (Or is it #8220;had been#8221;?) #128578; Andy Knoedler on February 15, 2011 5:32 am. I disagree with the analysis of these five sentences. They are all correct just as they were orginally stated. The rule is simple: whenever the reporting verb #8212; e.g., said #8212; is in the past, the verb is changed to the past when we report what was said. Thus the direct statement, #8220;The people of Egypt are revolting against totalitarian rule,#8221; would become #8220;The TV analyst said the people of Egypt were revolting against totalitarian rule.#8221; The main exception to this procedure would be when you are speaking about a fact of nature or a well-known piece of information: #8220;The teacher told the students that the capital of Egypt is Cairo.#8221; @Peter: I wasn#8217;t talking about the shape of the Earth, I was talking about reporting myself talking about the elder research, shape of the Earth.

Just goes to show that there#8217;s even more room for misunderstanding when you#8217;re reporting your own words. Free And Contrast Essay Sample. #128578; But anyway, I say it#8217;s down to context, really. Assuming that the elder abuse paper, words that came out of essay topics war 2, John#8217;s mouth were #8220;The Earth will be destroyed by Vogons on elder research paper Wednesday morning.#8221; On Tuesday it#8217;d be more appropriate to free compare and contrast sample, write #8220;John said that the Earth will be destroyed by Vogons on Wednesday morning.#8221; On Wednesday afternoon it#8217;d be appropriate to elder abuse, write #8220;John said that the Earth would be destroyed by Vogons on Wednesday morning.#8221; (Assuming, everything is hoopy, and emh phd dissertation, it wouldn#8217;t be more appropriate to research, write #8220;Ouch. That must#8217;ve been the Vogons John was trying to warn us about over success for writing ice-cream yesterday#8221;, but I digress#8230;) In some situations it#8217;s important to clearly distinguish whether the speaker was referring to the past, or to the present state (e.g. Elder Paper. Chirac and the previous love of the ap english essay, Jews, compared to John and the possible love-hate relationship he has with ice-cream). Personally, I find clarity is best served by tailoring the approach depending on whether it#8217;s reporting past statements about abuse paper, future events, present states, or past events. Ap English And Composition Essay Questions. Rules are rules, but when they get in the way of clarity they are just nonsense, up with which one should not put. Elder Paper. @Jon: yes, but we#8217;re not talking about the shape of the Earth, we#8217;re talking about reporting someone#8217;s speech. Maybe it#8217;s easier to see in the future: if John said #8220;the Earth will be destroyed by Vogons on Wednesday morning#8221;, how do we report that? You certainly can#8217;t say #8220;John said the Earth will be destroyed #8230;#8221; after Wednesday morning, when the event was supposed to have happened, because the use of #8220;will be#8221; means it#8217;s still to come. You can either use quotation marks and dissertation, report his exact words, or change the tense and abuse research, say #8220;John said that the Earth would be destroyed by Vogons #8230;#8221; #8212; that works at any time, before or after Wednesday morning, and whether or not the Earth actually was destroyed as predicted. (Prior to Wednesday morning, you can say #8220;John said the Earth will be destroyed #8230;#8221;, but then you#8217;re reporting on the prediction (i.e., suggesting the listener either laugh at John for his wacky beliefs or go and good essay topics for world, drink lots of beer and make sure he has a towel handy), not on the saying of it , if you see what I mean.) If clarity is the elder abuse research paper, objective, the correct phrasing is the one which leaves least room for misinterpretation of the speaker. Peter said #8220; Whether or not it actually is a sphere #8230; the meaning of what he said should not be changed to take it into account when reporting his speech #8221; Daniel said #8220; #8230; he said what he said.

It cannot be changed. You need to report the exact words that came out of the person’s mouth. Geographic Factors Essay. #8221; If I said the Earth was an oblate spheroid, there remains the possibility that I suggested some change in state. (The Earth was once an oblate spheroid). If I said the Earth is an oblate spheroid, there seems less chance that I am suggesting some change in state. (The Earth is currently an oblate spheroid). Paper. @Daniel one or other of those sentences would be appropriate, depending on how fickle John is. If John has a habit of an important i ve learned, changing his mind frequently, the elder abuse paper, former would be appropriate. If John is of a steadfast and consistent nature, the latter would perhaps be more appropriate. If he said “the Earth is a sphere,” then he said that “the Earth IS a sphere”. Emh Phd. After all, he said what he said. It cannot be changed. You need to abuse, report the exact words that came out of the person’s mouth.

What you change is the introductory verb, from says to said. Dissertation. Yes, if you#8217;re reporting direct speech. In which case you use quotation marks (as you have above). But when you#8217;re reporting it in elder abuse research your own words, you change the tense. Suppose your friend John says today “I like ice cream.” Tomorrow, would you report that fact as “John said he liked ice cream” or “John said he likes ice cream”? Depends on good essay topics war 2 the circumstances: in the first case you#8217;re reporting on what John said; in the second, you#8217;re making a statement about John#8217;s food preferences. If you asked me #8220;what did John say when you talked to him yesterday?#8221; the first would be the appropriate response; if you asked whether John is likely to elder research paper, want an ice cream, the second would be.

Daniel Scocco on February 14, 2011 9:59 pm. @Peter, I think you are wrong. If he said #8220;the Earth is a sphere,#8221; then he said that #8220;the Earth IS a sphere#8221;. After all, he said what he said. And Composition Questions. It cannot be changed. You need to report the exact words that came out of the paper, person#8217;s mouth. What you change is the introductory verb, from says to said. Essay Questions. The second example given by Alexander illustrates this well. Suppose your friend John says today #8220;I like ice cream.#8221; Tomorrow, would you report that fact as #8220;John said he liked ice cream#8221; or #8220;John said he likes ice cream#8221;? Alexander Davis on elder abuse February 14, 2011 9:46 pm. So, if in Present Indefinite, I say: #8220;Peter says that he likes ice-cream,#8221; to convey the same meaning in Past Indefinite, it#8217;s okay to say: #8220;Peter said that he likes ice-cream.#8221; Right?

Meaning, I#8217;m not sure about present or far past, but at the time of our conversation with Peter, he did like ice-cream. Or would it be: #8220;Peter said that he liked ice-cream?#8221; @Alexander Davis: no, it#8217;s correct. Mark is simply wrong about what he#8217;s saying in free compare and contrast sample this article. All of his sentences are perfectly correct, but the differences in meaning are not unimportant. If he said #8220;the Earth is a sphere#8221;, then he said that the Earth was a sphere. Whether or not it actually is elder abuse research paper, a sphere (strictly speaking, it#8217;s not: it#8217;s flattened at the poles), was a sphere at the time of the statement but has changed since, or was some other shape, is not relevant to free compare and contrast, what he said , and elder research paper, the meaning of what he said should not be changed to take it into account when reporting his speech. Based on ap english and composition the context, all four of elder research, these variations can be correct: 1. #8220;He says he has already finished.#8221; #8212; When somebody reports in the present that a task is now completed.

2. For World War 2. #8220;He said he has already finished.#8221; #8212; When somebody reported in the past that a task is now completed. 3. #8220;He says he had already finished.#8221; #8212; When somebody reports in the present that, in association with another event, a task had already been completed: #8220;He says he had already finished when she arrived.#8221; 4. Elder Research. #8220;He said he had already finished.#8221; #8212; When somebody reported in dissertation the past that, in association with another event, a task had already been completed: #8220;He said he had already finished when she arrived.#8221; This post refers to sentences of type 2. Here#8217;s a simple example: #8220;He said that Earth is a sphere.#8221; Even though the sentence describes something reported in the past, it refers to a persistent (and, hopefully, perpetual) fact. The tense of the verb that applies to the persistent fact does not have to match the tense of the verb following the subject. Alexander Davis on February 14, 2011 4:27 pm. I#8217;m not a native speaker and elder abuse research paper, I was taught that in indirect speech Present Indefinite tense should be converted to Past Indefinite. So in example #1, since #8220;[Bush] said#8221; is Past Indefinite and essay, there is elder research paper, no direct quote, #8220;is#8221; should be changed to #8220;was#8221;. Similar with Past Indefinite and Present Perfect. #8220;He says that he has already finished,#8221; but #8220;he said he had already finished#8221; (Present Perfect changes to essay topics for world, Past Perfect). Is this wrong? Thank you for abuse research clarifying this#8230; when learning English my professors always thought me otherwise despite my constant criticisms about the compare and contrast sample, sentences not making sense or making a different one that the intended.

This is research paper, a trap I fall into a lot, because I think the for writing a book, correct sentences look just as strange as the incorrect ones. I#8217;ll try to work on it now that you#8217;ve brought it up. Thank you for the reminder. Emil A. Elder Research. Georgiev on February 14, 2011 8:56 am. And Composition. Thanks for this one it#8217;s really helpful for elder paper me as I am no native English speaker!

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essays poems © 2017 Steve Campsall. improve your poetry grades! Download Free English biz Guides. If you find poetry difficult then you're not alone. Elder Research! For many people, it's the most difficult aspect of the English course. But. fear not as help and a higher grade are within reach. Factors Essay! Read on! Find time to give the English biz guide to essay writing a look over as it's been written to work alongside this one - click here to research paper read this later . If you need help with a specific poet or poem, click here or on a link below.

If you're truly stuck you can also email the teacher at English biz - you'll find a link on the first page of the site, here . What really must be covered in your coursework and exam answers? At the core of any and good essay topics every answer or essay about poetry must be your own interpretation of the poem or poems you are writing about. It is this alone that attracts the research paper, majority of marks. In a nutshell, the emh phd, more subtly you interpret a poem - and give support for elder your interpretation - the higher your marks, and grade, will be. Poems are rarely to be taken at face value. Geographic Factors! It is never the literal meanings that will gain you any marks - it is exposing and discussing the abuse research, poem's 'deeper meanings' that bring in the marks every time. When you interpret a poem, you seek to explain what you believe these 'hidden meanings' are, show how they have been created and and contrast discuss why this was done. Remember: the meanings you seek exist 'between the research, lines'. It is the poet's use of literary language that creates these layers of meaning . Poems, more than any other literary form, are dense with meanings created by this type of language. Essay! This is because poets have so little space in which to condense as much meaning as possible.

This is what makes understanding a poem sometimes very difficult - and yet also, often, fascinating. Let's get one thing clear: interpretation never deals in facts . Research Paper! An interpretation is dissertation always an abuse research, opinion - an insight into free what the poem might mean. This is elder research paper why examiners are never happy with students who do no more than trot out the ap english essay, opinions of others, those of their teacher or what they've found in a study guide, for example (examiners do read study guides, btw!). Examiners will always give the research paper, most marks to a student's original ideas - so long as they are valid and are supported by close and careful reference to geographic factors essay the poem itself. Whilst it is your own ideas that are needed, it is invariably easier to uncover the layers of meaning in a poem by abuse paper, discussing it with others . Somehow an interaction of minds brings about clearer meaning and a moment when the penny drops. This does not mean you should copy others' ideas but do use such a discussion to develop your own interpretations. You might be one of the many who feel discussing poetry is not cool. Well, keep in mind that it's your grades that are at for writing a book report stake . Research! The exam is success for writing report not a practice and you need to get the highest grade you can. So, what to do? For once, ignore being 'uncool' and get boosting those exam grades. Many students lose marks by elder research paper, going off at a tangent and misreading their poem.

How can you avoid this and know that your interpretation is on the right lines? Here's a very worthwhile tip. How does all this work in practice? Below is an example to emh phd help show you. It is abuse research based on a just a couple of lines from the opening of the poem 'Half Caste' by John Agard, a very witty poem that many of you will know. Don't be put off if you don't know it, you'll be able to apply exactly the same ideas to any poem you are studying. You will see from this just how much can be 'squeezed' from only two lines of a poem.

This is a key thing for you to appreciate. 'Excuse me standing on success one leg I’m half-caste. Explain yuself wha yu mean when yu say half-caste. Elder Research! ' Agard opens his poem by creating an factors essay, obvious contrast between the abuse research paper, standard English of the opening line of the geographic essay, poem and abuse research paper the Caribbean dialect of the second. Emh Phd! This creates a clear contrast which works to elder abuse paper alert the reader to the fact that while both kinds of English create perfectly obvious meaning, only one kind is considered to be prestigious and dissertation 'proper' within educated circles. Ironically, it is the dialect line that creates the more expressive meaning. In this way, Agard manages to open his poem and introduce a key theme. He wants the reader both to elder research paper consider and reflect upon what is thought of as acceptable and what is looked down upon in an important i ve learned British society. He shows us that 'half-caste' language is actually very good language and language that is capable of communicating its message well. Poetry has, as has been said above, been called the art of 'saying the unsayable'.

Undoubtedly some poems can seem to elder research create meanings and success criteria for writing a book emotions that seem well beyond the words on the page. Language can be a very mysterious and wonderful thing! Hopefully, you will come to enjoy at abuse paper least some of the free compare and contrast, poems you study at school but, to be realistic, some poems will, initially at least, appear worryingly difficult. Research! One of the difficulties with a poem is connected with its form - generally speaking, poems are short and this means that poets look for ways to squeeze the maximum meaning and feeling into factors essay them. Poems are often dense with meaning and elder abuse research paper unlocking these multi-layered meanings requires patience and skill. Dissertation! But it can be very satisfying - a poem can be like a riddle, fun to crack! This english biz guide will help you 'unpick' a poem and enable you to work out elder abuse paper, just what the and composition, poet is abuse research trying to say, how the poem is 'working' and why this is being done - the poet's purpose . Oh, and finally, you'll find out what gains most marks - as well as how you can get them! Click here to read a poem that many people feel has magical qualities; and here is compare essay sample another!

Of course, individuals react differently to such poems but many students seem to enjoy these two poems. Appreciating the subtleties of a complex poem in classroom conditions is far from ideal. This means that it will be necessary to find a quiet place and elder research time at home with mobile phone, MP3 player and TV all switched off when you can re-read your poems. Even better, find a friend to read and discuss the poem with - two heads are far better than one when it comes to understanding a complex poem. An odd but useful thing about a poem is success criteria that if you leave a day between reading it, some of the paper, poem's extra layers of meaning seem to become more apparent when you read the poem again. It's as if the brain has subconsciously 'worked' on the poem in between readings. Reading for Meaning. Quite a useful thing to do when you first begin your work on analysing a poem is dissertation to. forget it's a poem! Odd as this sounds, your first task is not to elder paper dig for hidden meanings but to be sure you've understood the poem's 'story' - that is, what it is dissertation generally all about.

This can be called the poem's ' big picture '. It's true that in your essay that this will be one of elder abuse research things to which you will be devoting precious little space BUT you simply cannot proceed without it. So, when you first read any poem, first of all, read it for essay questions meaning . These questions will get you on elder abuse paper your way: Make a note of who is doing the speaking in the poem - what kind of person and in what kind of state or mood? By the way, never assume it's the poet: instead, think of it as an report, imagined poetic persona . Poets often like to explore all kinds of aspects of life in their work and this can mean that they try to elder abuse research write from questions different viewpoints, for example an older male poet can write as a young boy, or even girl! Now work out who is abuse paper being spoken to or addressed? (Yes - it could be you, the poem's reader, or it might be an imaginary person. Often, you a poem can seem to be spoken thoughts such as in a monologue , or it could be one half of an imaginary conversation. Think about just what is being spoken about? (What is the i ve essay, subject matter being discussed?).

Now - and paper this is crucial to a good understanding - work out factors, exactly what tone of elder abuse paper voice or manner of the speaking voice? (Is the speaker sounding worried, reflective, nostalgic, mournful, happy, concerned, angry, for example?). Importantly, does the tone of lesson i ve essay voice change during the poem? Make a note of where this occurs. Finally, where do the events of the research, poem happen and what is the i ve learned, situation surrounding them ? When you read your poem, simply read it as a group of abuse research sentences, forgetting the fact that these sentences have been split into geographic factors essay lines . At the abuse, end of each sentence (i.e. Success Criteria For Writing A Book! stop reading at each full stop or, maybe, at each semicolon - ; ), work out what the meaning is so far. Spend time thinking about this and research perhaps note the idea down on the poem itself at the side of that part of the free compare and contrast sample, poem (this is called annotating the elder paper, text). This is often the easiest and surest way to find out what the poet is trying to essay sample say. You can consider the effects of elder other poetic devices the poet has used, such as the way the factors essay, lines cut up the sentences, the abuse paper, use of rhythm and rhyme , alliteration and so on later. Of course, this doesn't always work - some poems are, let's face it, especially difficult to understand!

They might even lack any punctuation so have no apparent sentences. If you find this to good essay war 2 be the case, try searching for a study guide to your poem by clicking here or here - or, of course, ask your teacher or a friend for abuse research paper help. If you are still struggling to get to grips with your poem, read it a few more times and, this is the important bit! - leave time between readings (of course, in an exam, this is not possible). A useful tip : Most people race through poems using a dull voice. Ap English And Composition Questions! Try reading your poems quite S-L-O-W-L-Y . Even better (in fact, far better!) is to read the poem aloud ? Oh yes, you really should! Find a quiet place, or read with a friend. Put embarrassment to one side for the sake of a higher grade! Reading aloud is a very effective way of getting 'beneath' the poem's surface and finding its more subtle meanings.

But what you have to do is avoid a mouse-like monotone and instead try to achieve the voice the writer of the paper, poem intended (and this won't be mouse like!!). Click here to geographic listen to a clip of the GCSE poet John Agard reading a part of his poem, 'Half Caste'. You'll see from research this just how much more a dramatic reading of some poems can reveal. Always avoid reading the poem in an overly stylised way , i.e. in factors essay a non-conversational voice! Modern poems, especially, are often best read in abuse research paper a normal speaking voice - but it will be a voice with a distinct quality . Criteria For Writing A Book Report! Do always try to capture this distinctiveness. Shakespeare had a strong Stratford accent apparently - why, then, do we pretend he didn't when we read his plays? The poem's images will, for sure, be there and research the poet has created them to questions guide you towards a fuller understanding of the poem's content and messages . Try hard not to be overly ingenious as this leads you finding meanings that are not there . This is a classic problem with even the brightest students when reading poems. Meanings are never 'hidden' - they are always 'there' - maybe 'under the surface', but always 'there'. And they are always consistent with the abuse paper, whole poem. A poem's deeper meaning might not always be easy to get hold of, but it will be there to find - and - very helpfully and importantly - it will be coherent . Coherence is an important quality of questions all literature, poems included.

It means that the meanings in the poem will all be developed and reinforced logically as the abuse research paper, poem progresses . The first line always contributes to the overall meaning, as do all other lines. If you do think you've found a meaning in a poem and it does not contribute in some obvious way to the overall meaning of the whole poem , you are almost certainly off track and misreading the poem: a classic way to lose marks! Click here to listen to John Agard reading a part of his poem, Half-Caste . Ap English And Composition Essay! Notice the slow and emphatic nature of his voice. If you take a leaf from his book and read your poems slowly and abuse dramatically you will obtain far more meaning from your poems - and gain higher grades ! Writing your essay. Writing an essay about a poem needs the same skills that apply to essay all essay writing. The english biz essay writing guide is full of elder abuse ideas that will help gain you a higher grade - be sure to read this - click here . As with all essays, you cannot hope to do well unless you know your text well . Essay! Only then will you be able to develop a sufficiently strong viewpoint from which to create the elder research, necessary argument that forms the emh phd dissertation, basis of the best essays. The best essays are written as if they were an argument - again, the elder paper, Englishbiz guide has much more on this. What is your teacher or examiner actually looking for in your essays?

You need to show that you have understood not just the poem's 'surface' meaning - try to show knowledge of its layers of meaning and for world its more subtle messages . You need to show you have understood how the poet has used language and poetic devices to help create and 'shape' create subtle underlying messages . You need to show you have recognised how meaning is developed across the whole poem - as each idea is explored and builds up into a coherent whole. How to do this to gain high marks. Read the essay question or title very carefully . You just wouldn't believe how many students answer a different answer to the one asked. Yes - they do, every year! If you are revising for an exam, ask your teacher to show you some past exam questions . There is no better way to familiarise yourself with what is elder required in the exam and factors essay your teacher will be happy to research paper mark any questions you try. Some exam boards now post downloadable past exam papers on their web sites . Highlight the key words of the essay question and be sure you address each of these in your answer - marks will be lost if you don't! In an exam question, there will usually be bullet points to guide your response - you MUST cover the points these mention as the exam marker gives marks based on these . If it is not clear in ap english questions the essay question, decide which poem(s) will help you answer it. Work out exactly what is elder abuse research required of you. Discussing the poet's life and times, i.e. their context , rarely gains marks. It is often better to get on with your analysis of the poem(s) straight away. Be aware of any significant changes in emphasis and the tone of voice as the story, ideas or images of the poem unfolds.

Work out how and why these tones and compare and contrast changes in elder abuse paper tone have been made to occur through particular choices of language or form . This is important as it will allow you to comment on the structure of the poem and this gains many marks. Be especially alert to the use of an good topics, ironic tone of voice. Irony is an important and frequent poetic device used by poets. Irony is an effective means of engaging the reader. Irony subtly shapes meaning and develops layers of elder abuse research paper meaning within the poem. As well as irony , poets frequently rely on the use of what is lesson learned essay called ' figurative' language . It's very important to notice where figurative language is used, the elder abuse research, effect it creates and the purpose intended. Figurative language creates 'figures' or images in for writing a book the mind's eye.

It is the use of description , metaphor , simile or personification . This common poetic device helps the poet to abuse research create and shape meaning. It also works to develop an emotional response in you, the reader. Figurative language works so well because it creates images in the mind - and as the old saying goes, 'a picture is geographic essay worth a thousand words. '. Look at these opening lines and see how the images are created and begin to work: I’ve known rivers: I’ve known rivers ancient as the world and older than the.

flow of human blood in human veins. My soul has grown deep like the rivers. from 'The Negro Sings of research Rivers' by Langston Hughes. Read your poem through a sufficient number of times for you to feel sure you have grasped its big picture . Finally, with the essay question firmly in mind , work out your response to it. This is your own point of view on which you will base your essay. An important way you can unlock subtle meanings in any text, but especially in a poem, is to look for the effects of binary oppositions . Click on the hyperlink if this idea intrigues you.

It is a guaranteed 'mark grabber' as it allows a very subtle response indeed to an important learned a poem (or any text). If you can discuss a text at the level of its binary oppositions , you will have at your disposal a sophisticated way of research analysing the subtle levels of meaning created in poetry - but this method is sophisticated and requires very careful thought. FOR A FULL GUIDE TO THIS FASCINATING ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE - CLICK HERE. Some more ways to unlock the meaning of a poem. There is a key aspect to every poem you need to consider - the one aspect that separates all poems from ap english essay any other kind of writing: its form . You need to work out why the poet wrote it in lines! Writing in lines means the poem is composed in verse . Notice where the poet sliced up each sentence into shorter lines (and sometimes even across the stanzas of the poem). Does it allow a special degree of paper emphasis to be placed on parts of the sentence that might have been lost if it was not 'sliced' up into lines - i.e. Good Essay Topics For World! if it had been written as a piece of continuous prose ? See if you can work out how the poet's use form helps to abuse paper emphasise certain words or ideas as these often act subtly to shape meaning . Remember that only poetry allows this 'playfulness' with form . Poets truly enjoy playing with the form of poetry - after all, that's why they like writing poetry! As well as choosing where to end a line or a verse (i.e. properly called a stanza ), or whether to use rhythm or rhyme , there are many other ways in which a poet can play around with the form of language to free compare and contrast add to the meaning:

Some lines might seem to end quite abruptly - even without using a full stop. This can be used to create subtle effects. Elder Abuse Research! For example, an end-stopped line can lead to a useful pause occurring before you read on thus creating emphasis (see the learned, technical term caesura below). Some lines might 'run on' into the next line or even the next stanza. Poets also sometimes create the elder abuse paper, effect of an extended pause between words, phrases or lines - again with or without using punctuation to achieve this effect. This enforced mini-pause is called a caesura . This is a subtle effect that leads to an emphasis or a pause for thought being created. Some I mportant 'Poetic Devices' Alliteration is the repeating of initial sounds as in William Blake's poem The Tyger: ' T yger! T yger! B urning b right!'. This often creates emphasis and, like the use of emh phd dissertation rhythm and rhyme , makes words memorable.

It can also help to create a different tone - depending on which consonants are alliterated. Alliteration using consonants such as 's' or 'f' will create a softer tone of voice. Alliteration created using harsher consonants such as 'b' or 'd' can create a harsh even angry tone. Always try to work out the tone of voice within your poem and note how and where this changes . A ssonance is the elder abuse paper, term used for the repetition of vowel sounds within consecutive words as in, 'rags of gr ee n w ee d hung down. '. Vowel sounds are always softer sounding and can add to the quality of the tone of voice within the poem, perhaps creating a sense of softness of essay mood or romance . A combination of soft consonants and long vowels can create a particularly gentle tone. Rhyme is when the final sounds of words are the same and are repeated either within a line (this is called internal rhyme , as in paper 'I bring fresh showers for the thirsting flowers ') or at the end of for writing two lines (this is research called end rhyme ). Work our the effect rhyme creates. Does it make the poem more memorable? Does it add to the 'feel', the meaning or the tone in a useful way? Does it create a happy sense that 'all is success criteria for writing a book report well with the world'?

Often 'sound effects' created by using the form of paper words help to suggest a particular tone of voice . Essay! For example, repeated hard consonants called 'plosive consonants' (b, p, c, k, d, etc.) can suggest harshness or anger, whereas soft consonants (sh, ch, s, f, m, etc.) or 'long' internal vowels (e.g. the s oo n the sh ow ers of research paper au tumn') can suggest a calm or romantic quality. Rhyme can also suggest or add a sense of success a book report control or harmony as if 'all is well with the world', whereas half-rhyme (e.g. moan/mourn, years/yours) can suggest a wish for harmony or the presence of discord . Repetition of abuse paper important words and phrases can help shape meaning because it adds emphasis . Are the stanzas (i.e. what many students wrongly call 'verses') regular in line length, size and shape with a repeating, regular rhythm? This is typical of older more traditional British poetry and hints at that sense of 'control' and 'harmony' that seemed to success a book exist in earlier days before the elder research, great loss of religious faith or questioning of values of today. Poems with irregular line lengths and no obvious rhythm or rhyme look and free and contrast sound very different from paper traditional poetry. Free Compare Sample! These poems are called free verse or, technically, 'vers libre' and can be a way of suggesting lack of control or lack of harmony . Look at elder abuse research the way the structure or sequence of ideas builds up in the poem (perhaps through a sequence of images ); make a note of the effect of this sequencing of ideas or images and how it adds to the overall effect and meaning of the poem. Finally, notice if any particular words and phrases stand out in a particularly poetic way. These words and phrases deserve extra thought as they probably contain layers of meaning or create imagery and an important i ve learned ideas. Maybe the words are ironic or metaphorical? Perhaps they create a vivid image , for example. These effects act to draw you deeper into the world of the poem by engaging your attention - a sure sign that the poem is 'working' on you!

In your mind, 'become' the poet and ask yourself these revealing questions: 1. What is research 'your' poem about generally (e.g. 'war') and in particular (e.g. 'the horror of fighting in trench warfare'). For example, were you trying to ap english essay help your reader to understand some aspect of society or human life more clearly? What was your intention or purpose? 3. What motivated you to write about such a subject? Were you affected by your circumstances : the beliefs, values and attitudes you hold to compared to the general beliefs, attitudes and values of your society or its leaders (i.e. your society's dominant ideologies )? 4. Were there any literary traditions or fashions that affected the elder abuse, style in which you wrote? Why was this? You will frequently be asked to write about lesson i ve learned more than one poem and this does add an elder abuse, extra layer of difficulty. Geographic Factors! However, if you are writing an argument essay , the difficulty is lessened dramatically because you are using the poems to support your own argument rather than writing directly about the poems themselves.

Aspects of each poem will, therefore, naturally find their way into your essay as you write in support of the various points you are making to support your argument. It is, therefore, always best to compare and contrast the ideas each poet explores as you proceed - and this is best done as providing support for your own argument. In each paragraph you write, you should aim to elder abuse paper discuss a comparable or contrasting aspect chosen from good essay topics war 2 each poem (and, as before, you must use the 'point-quotation-comment' method) that helps develop a point that supports your overall argument as stated in your opening paragraph. If you find this difficult (and it can be - especially under examination conditions), the elder, alternative is to write an an important essay, 'exploring essay'. In this kind of essay, you analyse and write about your first poem fully before moving on to your second poem, then, as you write about the elder abuse, second poem, you must take the chance frequently to dissertation refer back to the first poem when you find a suitable point of comparison or contrast. N ever forget to compare and contrast! This is a part of the elder abuse paper, mark scheme in an important lesson i ve essay this type of question. FIVE TOP TIPS FOR SUCCESS.

1. Know your poems well. 2. Analyse closely analysis and develop subtle insights. Only a close analysis of the abuse research paper, poem will allow you to develop subtle insights into for world war 2 the poet's reasons and methods. It is the consistency, clarity, depth and subtlety of your analysis and insights that will gain the highest marks. 3. Use the P.E.E. method of analysis. 4. Never look for and find what isn't there ! Poems can be difficult so when you are thinking about the deeper levels of a poem's meaning, it is all too easy to elder abuse research paper be overly ingenious . Do not find meanings that are not really there. If a particular meaning exists within a part of a poem, it will be consistent with (i.e. help out the meaning of. ) the whole poem - it will never just apply to a single line or phrase. If you think a line of poetry means something, make sure this fits in with what you think the poet is trying to say in the whole poem.

A more obvious meaning is far more likely than a very obscure meaning. Always make sure that the words of good essay topics your poem clearly support whatever points you want to make about it. Never be afraid to use a lively style when you write; in fact, whilst remembering always to avoid slang and to research paper use standard English , try hard to make your essay sound as individual and factors interesting as you are! Avoid stuffiness and over-formality like the plague.